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SAY YES TO PLASTICS Volume No. 63

MH/MR/N/200/MBI/12- 14

Issue No. 2

Pages 72

February 2013

Rs. 75.00


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CONTENT

IN THIS ISSUE... 15...... AIPMA At Work ... Presentations at Miami by our Legendary Mr. Arvind Mehta

The Official Organ of The All India Plastics Manufacturers Association Estd. 1945

MH/MR/N/200/MBI/12- 14 Volume 63

February 2013 No. 2

Chairman - Editorial Board

Dr. Asutosh Gor

Hon. Editor

Mr. Ajay Desai

Members

Mr. A. E. Ladhaboy Dr. Y. B. Vasudeo Ms. Poorvi Desai

...IndiaPack 2013 ...UNIDO – ICAMT ...AIPMA President at CIPET

22...... Plastivision India - 2013 Show .......... Preview

Editorial Co-ordination: Padmesh Prabhune, Dhruv Communications,

27...... Company News

Mumbai, Tel No: 00-22-2868 5198 / 5049 • Fax No : 00-22-28685495 email: dhruvpr@vsnl.net

32...... Features ... Wind energy industry continues to expand worldwide

Published by Ms. Uma Gupta on behalf of the owners, The All India Plastics Manufacturers’ Association Plot No. A-52, Road No. 1, M.I.D.C., Andheri (E), Mumbai-400 093. Tel: 67778899 • Fax : 00-22-2821 6390 E-mail : office@aipma.net Website : http://www.aipma.net and printed by her at Dhote Offset Technokrafts Pvt. Ltd., Jogeshwari (E), Mumbai-400 060.

...Greenable to make plastic world green ...The Recyclable Car ...A Look at The Evolution Of Plastic Injection Molding Methods ...“HDPE Pipes as Fractional Distillation Column

Annual Subscription Rs. 1,000/-

...KREYENBORG GmbH increases plant productivity by using a melt pump

Single issue Rs. 75/Views/Reports/Extracts etc. published in Plastics News are those of the

52...... International News

authors and not necessarily of the Editor. Furthermore except for copies of formal AIPMA communications no other matter in this journal should be

56...... Business News

interpreted as views of The All India Plastics Mfgrs. Association.

61...... Product News

OFFICE BEARERS Dr. Asutosh Gor President

Mr. Manish Dedhia Vice President (West Zone)

Mr. R. K. Aggarwal Vice President (North Zone)

Mr. Hiten Bheda Hon. Secretary

Mr. Anil Bansal Vice President (South Zone)

Mr. Haren Sanghavi Hon. Jt. Secretary

Mr. Ashok Agarwal Vice President (East Zone)

Mr. Sanju D. Desai Hon. Treasurer

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64...... Technology 67...... In the News 69...... Events

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THE PRESIDENT SAYS

Plastic bag bans riends here is an article that needs to be shared with you, for all those advocating ban on plastics this article that was printed by Clare Goldsberry in Plastics Today, is an eye opener for the consumers I suppose.

assert that it's pretty high.

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This isn't the first time that PlasticsToday editors have written about bag bans and even about the bacterial problems with reusable cloth and non-woven material bags. But it's important to note that the evidence keeps piling up for using plastic bags.

Plastic bag bans are bad for your health There's finally incontrovertible proof that plastic bag bans are bad for your health. That should be very disturbing news to all of those who have managed to force people into using reusable grocery bags via plastic bag bans and taxes.

Single-use plastics' impact on the medical industry

In the the Social Science Research Network article "Grocery Bag Bans and Foodborne Illnesses" by Joshua D. Wright and Jonathan Klick, evidence is presented that plastic bag bans, or more specifically reusable bags that become contaminated, are bad for your health. Klick of the University of Pennsylvania Law School, and Wright of the George Mason University School of Law, examined emergency room admissions records related to bacterial intestinal infections, especially those related to E. coli in the wake of San Francisco's 2007 countywide ban on plastic bags in large grocery stores and drug stores. That ban was extended to all retail establishments in early 2012.

Plastic, and its single use application, has been the answer to many health problems since the 1950s. In the early 1990s I spent a week in Utah interviewing the "grandfathers" of single-use plastic medical devices such as syringes, intravenous connectors like luer locks, stop cocks, and catheters. These men, James L. Sorenson, Dale H. Ballard and Victor Cartwright (who were fascinating to speak with!) were absolutely convinced that single-use plastic medical components were responsible for the reduced spread of infectious diseases. Two of these men, Sorenson and Ballard, went on to found large corporations and laid the foundation for the huge medical industry in Salt Lake City.

What Klick and Wright found was that emergency room visits spiked after the San Francisco plastic bag ban went into effect. Additionally, relative to other countries, emergency room admissions increased by at least one-fourth and deaths exhibited a similar increase. "We find that the San Francisco City ban is associated with a 46% increase in deaths from food borne illnesses." This implies an increase of 5.5 deaths annually for the county, which the authors note is statistically significant. "Bag bans in San Francisco resulted conservatively in 5.4 annual additional deaths."

Perhaps Klick and Wright would agree that single use plastics have promoted more wellness and good health than products made of glass, stainless steel, cotton, non-wovens, and other materials (in spite of sterilization procedures). Certainly, as the authors of this most recent study point out, there are downsides to the proliferation of plastic waste in our lands and oceans, including the deaths of many sea creatures and birds. But that is the duality which we face: nothing is all good and nothing is all bad. Every solution to one problem creates multiple new problems. And that is what keeps everyone in business!

The San Francisco law defines a reusable bag as one that must have a reusable life greater than 125 uses, be capable of carrying at least 22 lb over a distance of 175 ft, and "must endure at least 100 washings/disinfecting." Of course, as the authors of the study point out, all this washing and disinfecting "reduces their effective useful life." Not to mention all the hot water, bottles (plastic bottles, I might add) of disinfectant you need, all of which take energy to produce.

The battle over plastics vs. paper (Starbucks just announced the introduction of reusable plastic cups) and other materials continues. And we have to ask where does 'single-use' make sense? What is reusable? If I bring my groceries home in plastic bags, then reuse those bags in my kitchen garbage cans, I would say that certainly constitutes 'reuse and recycling' of those bags. And, I don't put myself at risk of an intestinal bacterial infection if my hamburger leaks into the bag.

While the plastic bag bans and the attempt to get people to use reusable (cloth or non-woven materials) bags did result in an 18% decrease in plastic bag litter in San Francisco two years after the ban was implemented, as the authors of this study cite from a City of San Francisco 2009 report, what is the real cost? In terms of food borne illnesses, trips to the emergency room and death, the authors of this study

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Surely plastics cannot be held responsible for environment damage by conveniently sidelining the benefit of plastics. Dr. Asutosh Gor president@aipma.net 11

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FROM THE EDITOR'S PEN

The new PGA monomer ambient conditions over a reasonably shorter amount of time. Recyclability of PGA scrap in production is possible but challenging as well.

io based applications have become subject of discussions. No matter whichever industry one belongs to bio- based applications are most talked about for the simple reason it being the alternate for Oil. Bio-plastics represent only about 1% of the total plastics market today, but will grow to 7% by 2020, according to various research studies done world over. As we know. PLA is currently the most widely used bio-based plastic on the market. The VTT Technical Research Center of Finland has developed a technology it believes that would significantly improve the quality of bio-based plastic packaging thus help reduce the world's dependence on oil.

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The company feels that PGA will enable biodegradable barrier coatings for recyclable fiber packages as well as improve the barrier performance of bio-based packaging films, such as PLA multi-layered films.PGA is a very strong polymer as a solid, and when molten, its rheology is typically very free flowing. PGA is a high performing barrier polymer that improves oxygen barrier of bio-based packaging. PGA should not be considered as a mono-material, but as a performance polymer enhancing the properties of other biopolymers to become more complete.

VTT's technique enables the production of the PGA monomer glycolic acid from bio-based materials more efficiently than ever before, according to Ali Harlin, professor at VTT's biotechnology and food research laboratory. VTT developed a new microbiological production strain that enables production at low pH, which makes the separation of the glycolic acid easier. VTT also improved the polymerization process, simplifying the current process.

PGA can be processed with typical plastic processing, but it requires operation condition adjustments. It could also be called as "a drop-in replacement for polyethylvinylalcohol (EVOH)." However, much work remains to be done with scale-up and in optimizing the polymer for various applications.

In its process, VTT starts with hydrolyzed sugars from non-food lingo-cellulosic side-streams, including packaging wastes that are fermented to glycolic acid, fractioned and polymerized to PGA. This biobased PGA plastic is between 20 and 30% stronger than PLA and able to withstand temperatures at 20 degrees Celsius higher. According to VTT, "PGA has markedly better stiffness, mechanical strength, thermal performance and oxygen barrier. Also PGA is not targeting to directly replace PLA, but it can improve the performance of multi-layered PLA structures in packaging applications, especially as a barrier layer.

The new PGA seems to be quite promising but let me tell you that PGA is not a cheap solution and if and only if, its performance compensates the price making then does it becomes economically viable. Well that remain to be seen in Indian conditions for to reach full potential, bio-plastics must come down in price; today they are two-to-three times the price of fossil-based plastics. Hon. Editor Ajay Desai

The fact remains like PLA, PGA is biodegradable, but in a way is markedly easier and possible in

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editor@aipma.net

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AIPMA AT WORK

Presentations at Miami by our Legendary Mr. Arvind Mehta According to a report from NEERI, plastic constitutes only 5% of the total waste and around 95% of plastics are collected from landfills are recycled. Also following a report from Deonar Dumping Ground, Mumbai it was proved that while 345 kg (6.6% of total waste) of plastics was available for recycling, the fact remains that 5% of Plastics remain in the landfills. He also stressed the need of the plastic waste management. According to a report from CPCB on material management, nearly 15342 MT of plastic waste is generated per day which means Plastic waste Generation per capita is 13 gm. The report also says that while the amount of plastic waste collected is 9205 MT, around 6137 MT of plastic waste remains uncollected. This shows the scope of waste management and the opportunities it provides in India. We all know how important it is to have an effective waste management program without which it could lead to major problems of polluting Air, Soil, Gas. It also clogs the drain thereby providing ample space for breeding of insects which further spread disease in and around the city.

ecently at the 23 rd Annual Global Meeting on Plastics & Sustainability Mr. Arvind Mehta had made presentations on various issues. The meeting was held at Miami during December 2012. Arvindbhai, as we fondly call him, has been with our association for such a long time so that he is almost a father figure for the younger generation. Mr. Arvind Mehta has the honor of adorning the Chairmanship Plastivision India Advisory Board of AIPMA, Executive Director – Council of International Plastics Association Directors (CIPAD) USA, Past President: Plastindia Foundation, AIPMA. We are giving hereunder the gist of presentations.

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Per Day

Threats and Challenges for the Plastics Industry: An Indian Perspective

Plastic Waste Generation

15342 MT

Plastic waste Generation per capita

Mr Arvind Mehta with the help of slide show explained the whole concept of waste management mentioning the actual plastics content in city waste across various continents. He was very quick to mention about the city of Mumbai

13 gm

Plastic Waste Collection (Estimated: 60% of consumption)

9205 MT

Uncollected Plastic Waste (Estimated: 40% by weight)

6137 MT

Municipal solid waste generation as per CPCB study on MSW generation in 60 major cities (2010-11)

50592 MT

Plastic waste generation as per CPCB study on MSW generation in 60 major cities (2010-11)

3501 MT

India has quite strong recycling infrastructure as well. The amount of average annual plastic recycled in India is 3.6MMT and with 40% of plastic consumed being recycled, India is among the leading nations having the highest recycling rates. Mr. Arvind Mehta suggested that waste management needs to be tackled carefully. According to him some of the

Source: NEERI (National Environmental Engineering & Research Institute, Nagpur, Maharashtra) Report on composition of MSW in Mumbai landfill in 2005

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AIPMA AT WORK Plastic Waste

Source of Waste

Application of Recycled Material

PET

Soft drink and mineral water bottles

Multi-layer soft drink bottles, carpet fibres, fleece jackets

HDPE

Milk crates, bottles for shampoo and cleaners milk and cream bottles

Waste bins, detergent bottles, crates, agricultural pipes, Plastic lumber, Plant pots, Traffic cones, Toys, Outdoor furniture

Clear cordial and juice bottles, plumbing pipes and fittings

Detergent bottles, tiles, plumbing pipe fittings.

Straws, ice-cream containers hinged lunch boxes

Composite bins, crates

Rigid PVC PP

possible solutions could be Encouraging Re-use of plastics, Segregation plastics waste at source – awareness among citizens against littering, Proper system for collection of segregated wastes for facilitating recycling, Incentives / encouragement for recycling, Upgradation of the existing mechanical recycling technology and Encouragement for alternate methods of recycling / recovery of energy.

Toys, Storage, and many more. It is one of the best cost effective materials with excellent end products quality and is fully recyclable. One of the best examples could be of Jamnagar that has provided everything one could ask for. Be it Petrochem complex, a vibrant city, an eco-friendly culture and also a green belt if we may call it. The city has proved that if you have recycling mechanisms and system in place plastic can work wonders...

According to Mr Mehta, creating wealth from waste is the new mantra. We have most of the consumer goods in Tetra pack especially Milk and milk products, Cold drinks and oil. These packs could be recycled and used for making various materials.

Outreach Plastic has too many things to offer and time and again it has stood the test. Despite this, some myths prevail – like Thinner plastic bags are not recyclable, Plastics deplete precious & scarce fossil fuel, Traditional packaging materials are better alternatives to plastic bags leading to further misconceptions. However the fact remains that plastic is environment – gas – saver and among The Top 10 Green House Gas Emission Saving Sectors - 4 are Plastics. To promote plastic, Indian Centre for Plastics in Environment ICPE), is set up on the recommendation of a Task Force constituted by The Ministry of Environment and Forests – body registered under Society Act on January 27, 1999. The ICPE is the nodal agency recognized by the Government of India to handle all issues related to Plastics and Environment in the country.

And with Milk increasingly being sold in packaged form, polymer consumption in this sector likely to rise manifold from current 0.7 MMT. This would mean more recycling. Not only that but Mr Mehta also suggested Non-conventional Recycling and Recovery citing examples like Co-processing in cement kilns / energy recovery, Conversion to fuel, Construction of asphalt road, Conversion to basic chemical. As of now Plastic Waste is allowed to be utilized in road construction in the five states of Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Pondicherry (Puducherry), Himachal Pradesh, whereas Plastic Waste is allowed to be co-processed in cement kilns in four states Madhya Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Orissa, Andhra Pradesh. The Indian plastic industry is trying to expand the number of applications for recycled material and there is no doubt about it.

Chemicals in Plastic Speaking on this issue Mr Arvind Meahta acknowledged the fact, citing studies of CSE and Delhi based NGO Toxic link highlighting presence of deadly chemicals in plastics that the awareness of chemicals threat among plastic entrepreneurs is low but it is quietly picking up and the country as a whole is learning from their foreign counterparts about the likely threats. In fact the monitoring bodies are also working for

Sustainability in Plastics All of us would agree to the fact that Plastics are for the better future because it not only improves the quality of life but to-day it has wide applications across all the industries be it Medical, Health care, Agriculture, Consumer goods, P L A S T I C S N E W S

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AIPMA AT WORK maintaining the standards and ensuring that no one crosses the mark easily. He mentioned about the various safety standards brought by the Indian counterparts.

IS: 12229-1987: Positive list of constituents of PET & PBT for their safe use in contact with foodstuffs/ pharmaceuticals /water

The IS act are

IS: 9833-1981: List of pigments and colourants for use of plastics in contact with foodstuffs/pharmaceuticals/ drinking water

IS: 12247-1988: Nylon-6 polymer for its safe use in contact with foodstuffs, pharmaceuticals and drinking water

IS: 10141-1982: Positive list of constituents of PE for its safe use in contact with foodstuffs/ pharmaceuticals /drinking water

IS: 12248-1988: Positive list of constituents of Nylon-6 polymer for its safe use in contact with foodstuffs/ pharmaceuticals

IS: 12252-1987: PET & PBT for their safe use in contact with foodstuffs, pharmaceuticals and drinking water

IS: 9845-1998: Method of analysis for the determination of specific and/or overall migration of constituents of plastics materials and articles intended to come into contact with food stuffs

IS: 10142-1982: Specification for styrene polymers for its safe use in contact with foodstuffs/ pharmaceuticals /drinking water

IS: 10146-1982: Polyethylene for its safe use in contact with foodstuffs and drinking water

IS: 10148-1982: Positive list of constituents of PVC &its co-polymers for safe contact with foodstuffs/ pharmaceuticals /water.

IS: 13449-1992: Positive list of constituents of EVA copolymers in contact with foodstuffs/ pharmaceuticals / drinking water

IS: 10149-1982: Positive list of constituents of styrene polymers in contact with foodstuffs/ pharmaceuticals / drinking water.

IS: 13576-1992: EMA for its safe use in contact with foodstuffs, pharmaceuticals and drinking water

IS: 10151-1982: PVC and its co-polymers for its safe use in contact with foodstuffs/ pharmaceuticals /drinking water.

IS: 13601-1993: EVA co-polymers for its safe use in contact with foodstuffs, pharmaceuticals and drinking water

IS: 10910-1984: Positive list of constituents of PP& its co-polymers for its safe use in contact with foodstuffs/ pharmaceuticals.

IS: 14972-2001: Positive list of constituents of polycarbonate in contact with foodstuffs/ pharmaceuticals /drinking water

Ban and De-Selection

IS: 11434-1985: Ion-o-mer resins for its safe use in contact with foodstuff, pharmaceuticals and drinking water

IS: 11435-1985: Positive list of constituents of ion-omer resins in contact with foodstuffs, pharmaceuticals & water

IS: 11704-1986: Ethylene acrylic acid (EAA) copolymers for their safe use in contact with foodstuffs/ pharmaceuticals /water

IS: 11705-1986: Positive list of EAA co-polymers in contact with foodstuffs, pharmaceuticals and drinking water

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While talking on this issue Mr. Arvind Mehta presented the facts that India is one of the largest democracies, having a population of 1.24 billion and with the fourth largest economy. Also given that the country has 5,000 years old civilization it is one of the best places on the globe. However being a large country with 28 states and 7 Union Territories, it becomes at times very difficult for entrepreneurs to cope with regulations as every state imposes its own law on use of plastics. Mr Mehta is of the view that Plastic Ban is uncalled for because there is no alternate to it. Banning Plastic Products is actually a Problem as it does not address the underlying issue of littering. A long-term solution needs to encompass the following •

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Limited awareness about plastics amongst other stake

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AIPMA AT WORK holders and policy makers

and support SW collection

Regulators are grappling with the visible impact of plastic waste

Regulators should provide incentives for reduction and segregation of waste

Wide ranging myths cloud scientific approach to plastic SWM

Plastic recycling technologies are some of the best available options

Civic bodies should set-up efficient collation and distribution systems for waste

Need for recycling centers so as to minimize transportation and handling costs

• •

Segregation at source and an efficient supply chain for plastic waste are critical

The presentation concluded with a huge applause in appreciation from the assemblage.

Role of consumer- segregation of waste at generation,

IndiaPack 2013 IPMA had participated at 5th INDIA PACK 2013, International Packaging Exhibition and Conference organized by Indian Institute of Packaging during 28th – 31st January, 2013 at the Bombay Exhibition Centre, Goregaon, Mumbai. The exhibition witnessed about 120 Exhibitors from India, 11 Overseas Exhibitors and three State Government Pavilions viz. Karnataka, Jharkhand & Bihar. The entire exhibition was on the theme of “Packaging for Economic Growth”. The exhibition attracted many visitors.

The exhibition was supported by Ministry of Commerce & Industry, Ministry of Food Processing Industries, Ministry of Micro, Small & Medium Enterprises and Government of India. AIPMA had Stall No. 7 in Hall No.5 occupying an area of 9 sq. mtrs. From AIPMA Ms. Umaa Gupta, Ms. Sanjeevani Kothare, Mr. Rohit Gupta, Ms. Sapna Gupta, Ms. Priyanka Sakpal, Ms. Revati Mahadik & Mr. Ritesh Naik attended the Exhibition. They promoted PVI – 2013, PVA – 2014, Membership & other AIPMA events.

Hon’ble Union Minister of State for Commerce and Industry – Dr. (Mrs.) D. Purandeshwari graced the inaugural ceremony as the Chief Guest.

Mr. Manish Dedhia – Vice President (West Zone), Mr. Arvind Mehta – Chairman International Advisory Board PVI, Mr. Kailash Murarka – Co–Chairman PVI 2013, Mr. Harish Dharamsi – Co–Chairman PVI 2013, Mr. Ajay Desai – Chairman Delegation & Mr. Yogesh Shah – Chairman Ground Committee were the dignitaries of AIPMA visited AIPMA Stall.

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As a part of the exhibition was the two day’s International Summit on “Emerging Trends in New Generation Packaging” was held concurrently. This summit was to create awareness on the issues like environment, health, safety innovation, economics and consumer convenience.

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For us, overall it was a good experience.

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AIPMA AT WORK

UNIDO – ICAMT Mumbai – Plastic Industry Cluster umbai Plastic Cluster Level meet was held on Saturday January 19, 2013 at AIPMA House in the presence of Mr. M. S. Dhakad – Programme Director – UNIDO-ICAMT and Mr Deepak Ballani and Dr Asutosh Gor – President – AIPMA. The cluster meeting was attended by 18 people from 10 cluster members (out of 19).

Globalplast Pvt Ltd is the overall best Member to have benefited from the initiatives taken by AIPMA-UNIDOICAMT

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Over all the Mumbai cluster Sales is likely to grow by + 40 % in Rs. terms & 8-10 % by Volume (T/PA) by 31st March 13. Further discussions were held wherein Mr M.S. Dhakad

Mr. M. S. Dhakad explained the purpose, progress and expectations of Plastic Industry initiative. Mr. M. M. Karbelkar – National Consultant made a brief presentation on progress of Mumbai Cluster, the members participating in various initiatives etc. The highlights of the presentation were Vinod Jain’s company Modern Manufacturing is likely to grow by 120 % (over base line year 2010 – 11 by 31st March – 2013) showing Highest expected growth. The anticipation are based on data for the period April – December 12. Akhilesh Bhargava’s Chairman AVI

felt that National Consultant should re visit these compiled growth figures once again to verify especially about Volume growth, as it should have been much more than that. Also some members felt that more parameters like Cash to Cash Cycle, % Profitability etc should also be measured. Mr M.S. Dhakad also sought to know about the intervention in Marketing .It was also suggested that some sort of Matrix should be prepared for evaluation of Member participation based on certain parameters. Many felt that this could be better way to evaluate the participation and can be linked to important benefits from UNIDO. P L A S T I C S N E W S

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AIPMA AT WORK Mr. Sanju Desai suggested about taking a decision to eliminate those members who are not taking interest in Cluster programmes and do not respond properly. Mr. Sanju Desai & Mr. Karbelkar are to discuss the matter and decide further course of action as well.

year due to increase in Production due to improvement of 23.5 % in OEE from April 12 till Dec 12. Achievements of these two members were appreciated. Mr. Deepak Ballani suggested that as this initiative is ‘Technology’ oriented, more emphasis should be given on aspect like SES / PUM experts assistance etc. He also felt that more units should have been benefited than 7- 8 members as on today.

After the discussions, Mr. Vinod Jain, M.D, Modern Manufacturing explained the changes brought out after joining the initiative especially in Marketing. He also elaborated the process which included right from change in mindset to the details of steps taken to increase Marketing efforts.

Mr. Dhakad summed up the meet with a remark that members should come forward and take benefits. According to him they should drive the Programme and the National Consultant, rather than the other way round. The cluster members should act as role model for rest of the industry.

Mr. Akhilesh Bhargava, Chairman, AVI Globalplast Pvt Ltd., , also explained about the improvement in OEE (Overall Equipment Effectiveness) in his company. The notable gain was doubling of Return on Investment (ROI) in the current

AIPMA President at CIPET The project has been divided into 4 themes with various subthemes as highlighted below: Theme 1: Design and Engineering of Lightweight and Sustainable Hybrid Green Composite Auto Parts The objective of this theme is to design and engineer lightweight and sustainable hybrid green composites for automotive applications through new discoveries and innovations in renewable resource – based biomaterial. Theme 2: Development of Dimensionally Thermally Stable Green Composites eeting on “Centre of Excellence for Green Transportation Network (GREET)” was held on Thursday, February14, 2013 at CIPET, Chennai at 10.30 am.

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The objective of this project is to develop high – performance bionanocomposites using Sorona and various bioresins as polymer matrices and natural fibres as the reinforcement. Surface modifications are sought for to increase the interfacial adhesion between the fibre and the matrix. Novel techniques will be investigated to enhance the quality of both distributive and dispersive mixing in thermoplastic and thermoset nanocomposites.

The Meeting had following Expert Panel: Dr. Asutosh Gor – President, AIPMA Prof. Ajit Banthia – Former Professor & Head Materials Science Centre, IIT Kolkata, Dr. S. K. Nayak – Chennai, Mr. Sanjiv Kumar – Deputy Secretary – DCPC

Theme 3: Fundamentals of Rhedology, Interphase, Functional Components and Surface Engineering

The project has been designed as collaborate Research between CIPET and University of Toronto, with the primary objective of Developing high – performance green – materials & manufacturing technologies for automobile sector.

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and

The objective is to develop advanced approaches for the efficient incorporation of nano-scale fillers like natural and synthetic nano – particles, cellulose nanofibres, clays and silica into green – polymers. Natural fibres such as 20

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AIPMA AT WORK hemp, flax, kenaf and lignin – based carbon fibres may be combined with the nano – scale reinforcements.

polymer should be identified  Castor – oil, which is abundantly found in India can also be utilized in synthesizing polymers

These green nanocomposites are characterized in terms of structural and surface morphology, as well as mechanical, dynamic mechanical and thermal stability. The properties shall be compared with the existing commercial natural composites.

 The impact energy absorption, fatigue, joint failure, vibrational analysis and aero – dynamic aspects of the components as well as specimens  Clarification in intellectual property issues during commercialization

Theme 4: Performance Evaluation, Life Cycle Analysis, Recyclability and Prototyping

Accordingly, the following activities have been carried out w.e.f January 2012 to January 2013 in the 2nd phase of the work:

The objective is to develop and manufacture vehicular full – size prototype components for robustness analysis in an automotive environment.

1. 20 Research scholars have been recruited & their PhD registration process under different Universities

Based on the aforementioned objectives the project was initiated on April 1, 2011 with a total cost of Rs. 1898 Lakhs

a. 5 Research Scholars have been identified to work under University of Toronto

The first expert committee Review meeting was held at CIPET Head Office on December 17, 2011 to review the progress of the work in the Project. Following activities were presented by the PI

b. 15 Research Scholars were selected to register under University Chennai, Utkal University, Bhubaneswar, Cochin University of Science & Technology, Kochi & BPUT, Rourkela

● Identification of Manpower requirement ● Interview and Selection of Research Fellows

2. The Research scholars have been allocated with different subthemes of the above mentioned four themes

● Registration of 07 students at regional universities ● Literature survey on various themes

3. Experimental Trials on the identified Themes I-IV are under progress and a part showing the progress of the work was also drawn.

● Procurement of raw materials & consumables ● Property analysis through Specific gravity, MFI of raw materials ● Surface modification of natural fibers using various chemical & physical techniques

4. As suggested by the expert Committee, Experimental Trials on the Castor Oil, Cross linked biopolymer has been included in the Research work.

● Functionalization of nanoclays through cation exchange reactions

5. Specific Automotive parts are also identified as suggested by the committee.

● Characterization employing SEM, FTIR, TEM

6. Software related to the product design & development of the Automotive parts have been purchased like POLWORKS, ABACUS

● Design of PLA/ natural fiber composites & Toughened PLA/PBAT blends

Action Plan for 3rd Phase

Based on the presentation and the activities, the Expert committee suggested the following activities to be incorporated in the project:

1. Experimentation & validation of the four themes allocated to 20 Research Scholars.

 Pectin, which remains unutilized should be modified and incorporated in the studies

2. Publication of Research papers in International Journals 3. Filing of patents

 Work in the area of Bio – adhesives and cross – linked bio – polymer

4. Development of identified Prototypes 5. Contact with the Industry for validation of the developed Prototype

 The list of automotive parts and the designated bio –

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SHOW PREVIEW th

9 PLASTIVISION INDIA 2013 International Plastics Exhibition & Conference Where the future of plastic is..

GEM Equipments Limited Refrigeration Industrial Chillers EM has launched the industrial chillers with Tube in Tube as well as Plate Type heat exchangers for efficient heat transfer between refrigerant and water. The Heat Exchanger is of COAXIAL type, the design maximizes exchanger efficiency by using Copper tubes in a coiled TUBE-IN-TUBE arrangement. Full copper corrosion free heat exchanger, Non-fouling exchanger, Co-Axial arrangement tends to minimize space requirement, Minimises power consumption, No leakage, Low pressure drop and High efficiency High Pressure, high volume pump with mechanical seal for long life and no leakage. Pump motor has an overload protection. PLC based control panel is totally enclosed, dust proof, complete with all necessary switching, control and safety devices in accordance with applicable codes. Compressors are protected with overloads and safety trips. The gauges are Standard high pressure and low pressure refrigeration gauges. Adjustable low pressure and fan pressure switches for flexibility in operation.

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Range: From 0.75 TR to 100 TR.

Cooling Towers em has launched the Evaporative (FRP) Cooling towers. The FRP Cooling towers are of vertical induced draft counter flow design with uniform water distribution and optimal heat transfer. The tower casing is made of tough fibreglass reinforced plastic (FRP) and has sufficient structural strength to withstand high wind velocities and vibrations. The fill is of rigid Poly Vinyl Chloride (PVC) and is of honeycomb design with very large contact surface area. The fill splits the air and water into several streams, increasing the time of contact and also heat transfer between water and air. The fill is in modules and is packed in the tower casing without any cutting for curves. The air pressure drop through the fill is negligible. Automatic rotary sprinkler system made of Nylon 66 material, with rotary head and sprinkler pipe distributes the hot water over the entire space of the filler. Sprinkler pipes are non-clogging, require low pressure to operate and assure uniform water flow with minimal operating pump head. The performance of cooling tower greatly depends upon the water distribution over the fills. SCSP nozzles distribute water evenly through a wide spray angle without any dry pockets.

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Range: Round Type From 10 TR to 300 TR; Square Type 100 TR to 1000 TR Contact: Gem Equipments Limited, SF No. 103, Avinashi Road, Arasur Post, Coimbatore – 641407. Phone No.0422 – 2363800 / 2363836 / 2363837  Email: sales@gemindia.com  Website: www.gemindia.com

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9 PLASTIVISION INDIA 2013 International Plastics Exhibition & Conference Where the future of plastic is..

awadkrupa Industries is the front runner in the Manufacture &

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Export of wide range of “Plastic Extrusion Plant & Rope Making

Machineries”, established in 1995 by employing young ambitious professionally managed team of Engineers. The company has created large satisfied customer base in domestic and International markets and hence holds the key position among “Plastic Extrusion Plant & Rope Making Machineries” manufacturers. Manufacturer & Exporter : PP Non Woven Fabric Production Line, Monofilament Extrusion Plant, Dan Line Extrusion Plant, PP Tape Fibrillating Extrusion Plant, PET Strap Extrusion Plant, PP Sutli Extrusion Plant, Recycling Extrusion Plant, Rope Making (Twisting) Machines, Inflow Type Twisters, Ply Yarn Twister, Bobbin Winder, Roll Winder, Mixture Machine, Coiling Machine, Hank Machine etc. “AAWADKRUPA INDUSTRIES” is the pioneer in manufacturing of Rope Making Machines in India since 1996. In 2000 company started manufacturing monofilament extrusion plant and started supplying the entire Turnkey Project for Plastic Rope Making Machines. Established another company called “AAWADKRUPA PLASTOMECH PVT. LTD”, Bhavnagar in 2005 at the neighboring factory of “AAWADKRUPA INDUSTRIES”. The Company today is ISO 9001 – 2008 and ‘CE’ Certified. Facilities: We have world class manufacturing facilities to give customer satisfaction through Consistency in Quality. Our Growth through technological up gradation has seen the company progress in the ever changing market environment. R&D Center: We have a Research & Development Centre, equipped with sophisticated equipment / instruments, at par with International Standards for Synthesis, New product development, Scale-up and testing facilities. Product Overview: In our product basket, we have more than 15 different machineries to offer the Plastic Industries. The Product Overview gives you an idea to select a perfect model machine which best suites to your requirement. It basically divides all the Products into 3 Sections. 1. Extrusion Plant for Monofilament, Dan line, PP Non Woven Fabric, PET Strap, PP Tape (Sutli), Re-cycling, Mosquito Yarn, Fishing Twine etc. 2. Rope Making (Twisting) Machine, Ply Yarn Twister, Inflow Type Twister, Coiling Machine, Hank Machine suitable for Mono, PP Tape, Dan Line Yarn, Nylon Yarn, Polyester Yarn, Synthetic Yarn, Multifilament Yarn, Cotton, Jute, Sisal, Manila etc. 3. Ancillary Products such as Bobbin Winder, Roll Winder, Re-winding stand, Creel stand, Raw Material bobbin etc. Our Presence: Our machines are supplied in all states of India and exported to U.S.A., U.A.E., Australia, Malaysia, Spain, Romania, Ethiopia, Brits, Bulgaria, Sudan, Egypt, Nigeria, Tanzania, Sri Lanka, Durban, Brazil, Algeria, Morocco, Chile, Other European and African countries and many more… Agent Network: Our head office and manufacturing site is located in Bhavnagar (Gujarat), India, hence agents from India and worldwide are highly welcome. WE ARE COMMITTED TO OUR CUSTOMERS, EXISTING & PROSPECTIVE, IN FULFILLING THEIR COMPOSITE REQUIREMENTS.

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9 PLASTIVISION INDIA 2013 International Plastics Exhibition & Conference Where the future of plastic is..

Croda Chemicals (I) Pvt. Ltd. Croda Polymer Additives – At the heart of better plastics

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roda Polymer Additives is a world leader providing in-demand effects to a wide range of polymers. Our products are manufactured from naturally occurring raw materials from renewable resources with applications in polyolefins,

PVC, styrenics, polyamides and biopolymers. Croda specialises in additives for surface modification of plastics including friction reduction, anti-static, anti-fogging/ wetting, dispersion technology and ultra-fine metal particulate UV absorbers. Our Crodamide™ and Atmer™ product lines play a vital role in modern packaging, from optimising polymer processing and handling during manufacture, to improving part performance and aesthetics in end applications. New Launches: Polymer Additives have recently launched IncroMax 300 and Atmer 7373. liquid additive for polycarbonate, Atmer 7373 is a unique anti-fog additive designed to deliver excellent results in polypropylene.

Slip & anti-block: The company’s long-established Crodamide™ slip & anti-block agents enable easier processing and handling of polyolefins.

Anti-static: Atmer™ anti-static agents include both internal and external products. When included in the polymer during extrusion they migrate to the surface to give a long-lasting anti-static effect to the plastic part.

Anti-fog: Atmer™ anti-fog additives effectively reduce fog formation in food wrap and agricultural film applications. Mold release: IncroMax™ 100 & PS are speciality mold release agents for PET and PS polymers. Torque release: Incroslip™ low taste, low odour slip additives target sensitive applications such as closures for ozonated bottled waters, food packaging, and medical plastics.

Plasticisation: Priplast™ plasticisers offer advantages in a wide range of specialty applications... UV-Protection: Solasorb™ is a unique patented technology based on ultrafine metal-oxides. The Solasorb range offers greater dispersion and clarity than previously available. Please visit our website: www.croda.com/pa

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9 PLASTIVISION INDIA 2013 International Plastics Exhibition & Conference Where the future of plastic is..

“VERTEX ENGINEERS” Established in 1999, VERTEX is one of the leading manufacturer of plastic moulds. The company's success can be attributed to its constant dedication to good quality standards and reliability. In 2005 we were certified with ISO 9000-2000 and in 2010 we were certified with ISO 9001-2008 with Design. Our top management is well experienced with plastic material, processes, mould designing, part designing etc. We are continually upgrading our infrastructure, engineer’s skill, knowledge, designing and analysis software support to match with future demand. VERTEX understand the need of today's marketplace and continuous to invest resources for the development of tomorrow's requirement. •

Dedicated Team Work.

After Sales Service of Technical & Spare Parts Services.

Product Security, Shortest Cycles and Highest Product Quality.

Process Oriented mould Development.

On time Completion of Project as Decided.

We believe in Quality, Delivery Time ,& Competitive Price Quality :- With ISO 9001: 2008 certification we keep up the high quality standards of our products and service. From part design to Mould design and from Mould manufacturing to Mould trial, all under one roof. Delivery Time :- We are always bound with delivery commitment as decided from both ends. Competitive Price :- In today’s Competitive market we are continuous in search of best economical solutions for manufacturing Moulds. Same benefits we are diverting to our customers. We manufacture- TOOLS / MOULD FOR 1) Injection Moulding mould, 2) Pultrusion Moulding mould 3) Blow Moulding mould 4) Compression Moulding mould, 5) SMC & RTM Moulding mould. Our Services 1) 2D Drafting, 2) 3D Modelling, 3) Assembly Drawing, 4) 3D Scanning or Digitizing, 5) CAD comparison 6) Reverse Engineering, 7) CAE for Injection Moulding, 8) Part/Product Designing, 9) Mould Designing For more details visit us at: www.vertexplasticmoulds.com; www.vertexeng.co.in

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COMPANY NEWS

Lanxess to build 25 kilotonne pigment plant in China anxess is expanding its global production network for inorganic pigments in China. The company is investing EUR55 million to build an iron oxide red pigment facility at the Ningbo Chemical Park on the Chinese East Coast.The plant will initially have an annual capacity of 25,000 tonnes and will will create 150 new jobs. Construction will begin in the second

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quarter 2013. The production start-up is scheduled for the first quarter of 2015. Lanxess says it will manufacture high quality iron oxide red pigments at the new plant using an improved and highly sustainable Penniman process, especially in terms of water treatment, waste gas cleaning and energy consumption. The company will market its yellow shaded red pigments

globally under the brand Bayferrox. Key customers are manufacturers of paints and coatings. Furthermore, the construction and plastics industries will be supplied. Lanxess already operates one of China’s largest and most modern plants for iron oxide pigments in Jinshan, Shanghai, with an annual capacity of 38,000 tonnes of iron oxide yellow and black pigments.

Chevron Phillips to expand NAO capacity by 20% hevron Phillips Chemical Company LP is studying the possibility of expanding its normal alpha olefins (NAO) capacity – targeting at least a 20% increase in a phased approach – at its Cedar Bayou Chemical Complex in Baytown, Texas.

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The company has filed the necessary environmental permit application with Texas Commission on Environmental

Quality (TCEQ). Construction is likely to begin in the Q1-2014, and the project would be completed in Q4-2015. Final approval would be sought in Q3-2013. “This study echoes Chevron Phillips Chemical’s strong commitment to the NAO business and to meeting the growing demand of our customers,” said Mitch Eichelberger, general manager of normal alpha olefins and

Con-Pearl to make plastic sleeves on-Pearl North America, a subsidiary of Friedola-Tech GmbH of Geismar, Germany, has finalized plans to make lightweight plastic sleeves for returnable sleeve packs in North America. The company will set up a new plant in Greenville, S.C. Production of the lightweight sleeves will begin by May in a 60,000-square-foot facility. Initially the building will house a sleeve converting line. Con-Pearl Vice President Stefan Hoedt said that he expects rapid growth of the business and is looking

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toward an expansion within a few years. He added "Laminating and extrusion equipment will follow as market demand builds,"Con-Pearl is a lightweight polypropylene board with non-directional strength and stiffness properties. It is not fluted but has a middle layer of many small pearls sandwiched between the two outer layers. The structure allows higher load bearing than conventional sleeve materials, Con-Pearl claims. Con-Pearl is available in 3, 5 and 10 millimeter thicknesses. 27

polyalphaolefins for Chevron Phillips Chemical. “In addition, this proposed expansion has great synergy with the 1-hexene plant currently being built at our Cedar Bayou complex.”

Saudi PetroRabigh complex restarted after power cut audi Arabia's PetroRabigh has restarted its petrochemical and refining complex, after a power outage shut down operations in late December.

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According to a report, PetroRabigh had started to ramp up production at some units at the complex, including a crude distillation unit for the 400,000 bpd refinery, and had started to bring back online other units including an ethane cracker.

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COMPANY NEWS

UOP Oleflex process technology selected by Longgang Chemicals OP LLC, a Honeywell company, announced that its UOP Oleflex™ process technology has been selected by China's Longgang Chemical Co. to produce key ingredients for fuels and synthetic rubber. Longgang Chemical Co. will use Honeywell's UOP technology to process 175,000 metric tons of mixed butane feedstock annually at its facility in Dongying City, Shandong Province, China. The facility is expected to start-up in 2015. Honeywell's UOP C4 Oleflex process will be used to convert refinery-derived isobutane to isobutylene, a valuable petrochemical used in the production of fuels and synthetic rubber. This is UOP's second C4 Oleflex process license in China. In addition to technology licensing, Honeywell's UOP will provide basic engineering, catalysts, adsorbents, specialty equipment and engineering for

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the project.The C4 Oleflex process uses catalytic dehydrogenation to convert isobutane to isobutylene. Compared with competing processes, Honeywell's UOP C4 Oleflex technology provides the lowest cash cost of production, the highest return on investment and the smallest environmental footprint. The superior performance of Honeywell's UOP technology stems from its low capital costs, high isobutylene yields, low energy and water consumption, and use of a fully recyclable platinum alumina-based catalyst system. Unique to the Oleflex process, independent reaction and regeneration systems are in place that allow continuous use of catalysts for steady-state operations (non swing-bed), which helps maximize operating flexibility, on-stream factor and reliability.

Plasan Carbon Composites bags SPE’s Automotive Innovation Award lasan Carbon Composites, has received 2012 Automotive Innovation Award from the Society for Plastics Engineers (SPE). Plasan Carbon was recognized Body Exterior category for its work on the carbon composite hood assembly for the OEM Make & Model: Chrysler Group LLC 2013 model year SRT Viper*. Ashland's Pliogrip structural adhesives were used as part of this award-winning project. This hood assembly is a Class A carbon

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fiber reinforced plastics part with a large complex clamshell geometry. The part represents the largest Class A carbon fiber composite part provided to a mainstream OEM. The final part, incorporating fenders as well as hood, is 44 percent lighter than the previous hood-only assembly in SMC, helping improve weight distribution and lower the vehicle's center of gravity, for better vehicle dynamics and power-to-weight ratio. 28

Eagle Manufacturing adds large-drum blow molding capacity ellsburg based Eagle Manufacturing Co. is boosting its ability to make large blow molded parts with the recent addition of a dual-head accumulator machine from DavisStandard LLC."We've expanded our drum offerings and the dualhead 40 is a good size machine for us — we do have two dual 30s already," said Eagle President and CEO Joe Eddy said in a telephone interview. The new Davis-Standard blow molding machine features dual 40-pound accumulator heads with a 165-millimeter AC vector extruder drive along with a 250-ton clear platen clamp. Eddy said that Eagle, based in Wellsburg, W. Va., has been working Davis-Standard about 25 years. The machine is being used in the production of large plastic drums and protective products. Eagle makes a line of chemical-resistant high density polyethylene spill containers and drums for the safety industry. They come in 20-, 30-, 65- and 95-gallon sizes. The company will also use the new machine to make barricades, column protectors, corner and wall protectors, ramps and dock plates, and machine guards.

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COMPANY NEWS

FLR awarded a preliminary engineering services by Williams for PDH luor Corporation (FLR) was awarded a contract by Williams to provide preliminary engineering services for a proposed propane dehydrogenation (PDH) project near Redwater, Alberta, Canada.

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The proposed PDH facility would primarily use the propane recovered at Williams’ existing fractionation facility in Redwater, Alberta, and convert it into polymer-grade propylene, a petrochemical feedstock used in plastics manufacturing. “Fluor is pleased to have been selected by Williams to provide

preliminary engineering services for what would be Canada’s first propane dehydrogenation facility,” said Peter Oosterveer, president of Fluor’s Energy and Chemicals Group. “ We a r e e n c o u r a g e d b y t h e opportunities that the expansion of the Canadian oil sands provides for the chemicals industry in North America.” Fluor’s offices in Calgary, Alberta, and Greenville, South Carolina, will be responsible for the design services along with support from the company’s office in New Delhi, India.

TPC Group to expand production capacity of polyisobutylene PIB PC Group Inc. (TPC) has commenced engineering to expand production capacity of polyisobutylene (PIB) to meet its customers' needs. TPC uses proprietary technology to produce both highly reactive PIB (HR-PIB) products, which are used in lubricant and fuel additives, and PIB products for conventional applications such as adhesives, caulks, sealants, and coatings. TPC technology is unique in that it can produce both types of products in a wide range of molecular weights within the same unit, which offers the Company an unrivaled ability to meet the needs of a growing market

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Currier Plastics wins state training grant ustom molder Currier Plastics Inc. plans to boost its manufacturing skills with a $100,000 training grant from the New York State Department of Labor.The Auburn-based company will upgrade the skills of its existing workers and promote a culture of lean manufacturing and continuous improvement throughout the organization.

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Currier plans an in-house technical training program that will include hands-on and classroom learning for about 80 employees. The focus on lean manufacturing will support process standardization and process control among technicians and operators.

"As the leading merchant producer of PIB, we are focused on meeting the needs of our customers for high quality products delivered through our extensive logistics network.

Diane Pisciotti, Currier's human resource director, said in a news release that the training will help the company's growing workforce to be more flexibile. The company said the training grant will help it retain more than 100 manufacturing jobs, and that it plans to add 50 more in the next five years.

We back our commitment to our customers with the security of multiple production units and multiple sources of feedstock supply, including our own isobutylene production unit targeted for startup in 2014

Currier which was founded in 1982, has customers in the packaging, beauty and cosmetics, amenities, household consumables and medical measuring device sectors.

"TPC Group is committed to maintaining its position as the premier supplier of PIB in North America," said President and CEO Michael McDonnell.

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COMPANY NEWS

Wacker opens new dispersions plant in South Korea acker Chemie AG officially launched its new production plant for vinyl acetate-ethylene copolymer (VAE) dispersions at its Ulsan site in South Korea.

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The additional 40,000 metric tons from the second reactor line increases the site's VAE-dispersion capacity to a total of 90,000 tpa. The production capacity of the site has thus almost doubled, making the plant complex one

of the biggest of its kind in South Korea. The expansion is WACKER's response to the rising demand for highquality VAE dispersions, especially in Southeast Asia's emerging markets. The project goal is to ensure sufficient c a p a c i t i e s o f V I N N A PA S ® VA E dispersions now and in the years ahead. As a result, ERWACK will be able to offer its customers in the region consistently high product quality and supply security

over the long term. Having invested around €10 million in the expansion project, WACKER is strengthening its position as one of the world's major suppliers of VAE dispersions. WACKER's production facility in Ulsan: With a total annual capacity of 90,000 tons VAE dispersion, the plant complex is one of the biggest of its kind in South Korea.

Honeywell awarded four major contracts worth US$40 mln oneywell has been awarded four major contracts worth a combined US$40 mln over an 18-month duration for the Borouge petrochemicals complex in Ruwais, Abu Dhabi.

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Honeywell will be the main automation contractor (MAC) for the project, providing Linde and other engineering, procurement and construction (EPCs) contractors involved in the project with integrated control and safety systems. The installation of Honeywell Process Solutions’(HPS) control and safety systems, Experion Process Knowledge System C300, safety manager, and advanced process control will allow for operational integration, improved production, increased safety and reliability, and maximum operability and profitability. The real time information management system will provide Borouge 3 with business solutions that streamline, centralise and optimise

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operations, allowing for further profitability and productivity. Borouge 3 is the latest expansion of Borouge’s polyolefins plant in Abu Dhabi and will manufacture ethylene,

polyethylene, polypropylene, and lowdensity polyethylene (LDPE), alongside associated butane, utilities and offsite facilities.

Pyramid Plastics to open injection plant in San Antino, Texas ndustrial Molds Group is expanding to the Southwest to reach customers both in the United States and Mexico.The Rockford, Illinois -based company will officially open an injection molding plant under the name Pyramid Plastics San Antonio in the Texas town in late February.

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Pyramid Plastics is a sister company of Industrial Molds. The new site covers 21,000 square feet with the potential to expand to 30,000 square feet as business

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grows in the region. It launches production with five injection molding machines ranging from 500 to 800 tons in capacity and nine employees working two shifts. The company provides parts to automotive suppliers.Pyramid Plastics San Antonio will also add two-shot and smaller tonnage presses during the next year to accommodate a variety of part sizes, the company said in a Jan. 31 press release.

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COMPANY NEWS

Saltic LLC launches construction on world-scale caustic soda and EDC plant salalah free zone man-based Saltic LLC FZE has formally launched work on its world-scale caustic soda and ethylene dichloride plant at Salalah Free Zone. Site preparation works kicked off recently on a 35-hectare plot within the massive special economic zone adjoining the Port of Salalah.

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The Project is expected to be completed in Q4-2014, with commissioning slated for Q1-2015 South Korea's Hanwha Engineering & Construction Corporation is executing the project under an engineering, procurement & construction (EPC) contract awarded by the promoters last November. Salalah-based contractor, Al Ez Trading, Transport Cont Co, is undertaking the site works as part of the promoters' strategy to engage local firms in the implementation of the

venture. Saltic is investing an estimated US$500-600 mln in the development of a state-of-the-art petrochemical complex designed to produce 1,000 tons per day of caustic soda and 1,231 tons per day of ethylene dichloride (EDC). Both commodities are highvalue intermediate products with extensive application in a variety of industrial processes. All other statutory approvals, including the all-important environmental permit from the Ministry of Environment and Climate Affairs, have been obtained, say officials. Additionally, Dhofar Power Company has earmarked electricity loads of up to 150 MW for the project. Project completion is targeted during Q4-2014, with commissioning slated for Q1-2015

Sumitomo Chemical to close ethylene plant in Chiba n a bid to reinforce the competitiveness of its petrochemical operation at Chiba Works, Sumitomo Chemical plans to close an ethylene plant.

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The shutdown is scheduled on or before September 2015- coinciding with its next periodic shutdown maintenance. After the shutdown of the ethylene plant, Sumitomo Chemical will procure necessary quantities of P L A S T I C S N E W S

ethylene and other basic petrochemical feedstock by increasing purchases from Keiyo Ethylene Co., a joint venture among Maruzen Petrochemical Co., Mitsui Chemicals Inc. and Sumitomo Chemical. Sumitomo Chemical’s ethylene plant has been in operation for longer than 40 years, and its competitiveness is falling behind in terms of energy efficiency, and maintenance and repair costs.

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Cape awarded 3 year extension with SABIC nergy services company Cape has been awarded a three-year extension of its contract with petrochemical firm Saudi Basic Industries Corporation (SABIC), uptil 2015. Cape is providing support services to SABIC sites located in north east England's Teesside. Managing Director of Cape UK and Europe, Steve Connolly, said: "We are delighted to be awarded this extension to Cape's existing maintenance contract in recognition of our commitment to continue to deliver value to SABIC's facility through our focus on HSEQ performance, efficiency and sustainability. Through this landmark contract, delivered within an integrated alliance we are pleased to continue our successful relationship with SABIC Petrochemicals."

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Fire shuts a Formosa Plastics plant at Yunlin County fire broke out at a bisphenol A (BPA) plant in the Formosa Plastics Group’ petrochemical complex in Yunlin County. The blaze caused limited damage, but the factory’s operations have been partially suspended to conduct safety check.

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FEATURES

Wind energy industry continues to expand worldwide The wind energy industry is continuing to expand worldwide with the industry ebbing and flowing as global governments decide policy on supporting renewable power and then reconsider the economics, causing delays in financing major projects. he industry is caught in the financial tide but is growing with offshore and new countries coming into the marketplace. The US wind energy industry will be helped by the renewal of the Production Tax Credit in 2013.

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The manufacturers of wind turbines are constantly looking at new regions and types of turbine to keep their market share. In terms of the wind blades, the industry not only supplies blades for new turbines, but also to upgrade and provide replacements for established generators. This means setting up composite construction facilities worldwide to ease the transport logistics of large blades so ports are the most popular locations. Thus in the UK the ports are competing to win new blade business to supply the planned offshore wind farms – the UK is expected to be the global leader in wind farms at sea. Some turbine makers build all of their own components, whereas others commission construction from other firms. REPower does a combination of the two and has taken on Dr Jan Kranich, a leading economist, as Global Commodity Manager for Composites to determine the best place to manufacture blades and the best way to source them for international business, considering factors such as location of the industry, transportation and labour costs. LM

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Wind Power has retained its place as top independent blade manufacturer in the world although it has not been immune to the economic situation. The latest concept from the company is to offer a flexible blade platform (GloBlade) where a set of variations can be built in to tailor a blade design for each customer, with different blade lengths for different powers. One of the growing turbine manufacturers is Siemens Wind Power, which has its own distinct method of manufacturing blades. The company studies all aspects of design in detail including aerodynamics, which have become more important with the rise in size – a 3.5 MW turbine rotor is now bigger than a Boeing 747. The driver for size is to maximise annual energy production and a 10% increase in rotor area approximates to 12% more energy. However, other factors come into play like the potential for more noise and the rise in weight. Design improvements have been tremendous over the 30 years of wind blades: the original Bonus 5m blade, for example, was more shaped like a rowing oar, whereas the latest Siemens blade is tapered, with reduced solidity (from around 10% to 5%) and trailing edge add-ons for noise reduction. The technology of passive twist bend is showing great promise. The leading research group for

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wind blades in the United States is Sandia National Laboratories. One of the latest projects involved scaling up a theoretical blade design, SNL100-00, to 100 metres, the longest model in the world, and are now starting to look at some of the challenges like weight and the need to meet the certification standards such as GL and IEC. One of the big issues for wind energy in cold climates is the level of ice that can build up on blades and prevent the rotor from turning. Various solutions have been proposed and there is a large market for energy production if the problem can be resolved. The Nordex system is pro-active with continuous monitoring of icing conditions, and using minimal energy from the turbine while it is operational to heat the aerodynamically relevant blade surfaces. In tests the anti-icing turbine generated considerably more energy during the winter months than a reference turbine. Climate has been known to cause erosion since the world began and this process can also occur on wind blades particularly on the leading edge. 3M has looked at this problem, which is observed irrespective of hub height, location, blade length or manufacturer. Key factors are tip speed, the quality of blade finishing and the environmental conditions. The erosion usually starts in the area of the blade tip with

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FEATURES damage to paint or coating and can affect energy output by altering the aerodynamics (up to 20%). 3M has several protective products for blades including a film-based tape based on 40 years of experience in aerospace applications like helicopter blades, and a new protection coating W4600, which is VOC free, fast curing and re-coatable. This new PU-based material has been studied for liquid/rain erosion using current methods like pulsating jet erosion testing – this is an area of Standards that is under review.

Lightning strikes tall objects and wind turbines fall into that category, so protection is essential. For an average turbine tip at 160m, even in low lightning risk areas like the North Sea there will be 1.4 flashes per year. The current blade lightning protection technology incorporates a set of receptors which attract lightning in a storm. The world’s longest manufactured prototype blade was sent for testing by SSP Technology at the end of 2012. The 83.5m structure was made for Samsung, which has expertise in carbon fibre in helicopter

blades and expects high quality standards. The use of carbon fibre in the spar cap was discussed with lightning protection experts and the leading edge was tested for rain erosion and protected with a combination of tape and paint as the tip speed is increased. As the wind energy industry continues to adapt to the varying weather conditions worldwide and to build larger and larger turbines, so the rotor is being upgraded too. (Courtesy: AMI)

Greenable to make plastic world green Canada based Greenable Technology Group has developed new patent-pending technology for melting and mixing different plastics together and for moderating how that mixing is done, in order to produce viable plastic products. ook in any direction, and you will see something made of plastic, be it a dish detergent container, food packaging or outdoor and indoor furnishings. But for all the convenience and possibilities of plastic, it is a curse on the environment. Certain types of plastic still get rejected by recyclers, and end up in landfills.

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That’s a problem Tim Scott of Waterloo and Leo Blakely of Newmarket have decided to tackle with their company, Greenable Technology Group which is based on Blakely’s new system for melting and mixing together different grades of plastic in order to create new products such as deck tiles, outdoor fencing and landscaping products. An example of the company’s

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new system, the Green Gator 100, is operating in a customer’s recycling facility in Concord. About the size of a big injection moulding machine, it takes in much of the plastic that cannot normally be resold into other markets and turns it into useable moulded products.

recycling is that these companies can end up with heaps of plastic that can’t be used or sold because of the grade or quality of the plastic. “But now, we can put this system in for them, and then they will have something that they can use to start making products and generating revenue,” Scott says.

There are potential customers all over the world, says Scott, chief executive officer of Greenable, which was founded by Blakely, the company’s chief technology officer.

Greenable, currently based in Waterloo, is using the facility in Concord to show off its equipment. As the business grows, it plans to set up a staging facility in the Greater Toronto Area.

Customers might include companies that sort and recycle plastic into bundles, or that melt plastic and turn it into plastic pellets that are used to make new products from recycled plastic. The big problem with plastic 33

The company’s business model is to design and configure equipment for the customers’ needs and then license the technology to them. Blakely, who has been in the plastics F E B R U A R Y 2013


FEATURES and plastic lumber business for many years, says he has developed new patent-pending technology for melting and mixing different plastics together and for moderating how that mixing is done, in order to produce viable plastic products. The system can take virtually any plastic, Scott says. It can also accept plastics that have residue or contamination, such as a peanut butter jar that wasn’t rinsed properly, and use it without having to wash it first, he adds. “Our process doesn’t use any water.” There are limitations in terms of the products that can be made using the mixed plastics, Blakely says. They won’t likely be used for making car parts, for example. But he sees a huge market among customers who are interested

in making products for landscaping and gardening, decks, schoolyard products and as replacements for interlocking stone. Blakely says that once basic mixing and melting equipment is in place, moulds can be designed to make all kinds of creative products. He envisions, for example, fencing designed in the likeness of hockey players, or deck tiles with images of the Rocky Mountains on them, all of which enhances the value and revenue for customers. Scott previously was involved in a metal stamping and fabrication business in Waterloo Region. He got out of that business in 2008, and most recently, has been an entrepreneur-inresidence at the Research, Innovation, and Commercialization Centre in

Mississauga. That’s where he met Blakely. Although plastic cannot be used to build houses in North America because of the weather and building codes, Scott says there is interest in using it in developing countries. It could provide inexpensive, easily-constructed housing that is resistant to heat, humidity and bugs. Scott and Blakely believe the technology will help clean up the “plastic soup” contaminating the world’s oceans, by creating a market for plastic that can’t be recycled now. “We have a technology development path to go into different markets and different opportunities, so it is very exciting,” Scott says.

The Recyclable Car Using plants to make plastics is nothing new: Henry Ford unveiled a 14-panel plasticbodied car in 1941 made from a formula containing soybeans. The challenge is in knowing which plastics have value and a viable market.. hat tired, old car heading for the scrap yard may not have the allure and smell of a shiny new car on the dealer’s lot, but it’s got a future just the same.

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Not only will it generate many times its street value of $200 to $300 in parts and scrap, but between 75 and 85 per cent of that car will end up being recycled, and manufacturers are working with researchers to bump that figure even higher. Today’s cars are built with many parts already made from recycled materials, which can be recycled again P L A S T I C S N E W S

and will help divert millions of tons of waste from landfills. Each new Ford Fusion, for example, has about 39 clear plastic water bottles (partially collected from Ford’s own offices) recycled into its seat covers, 31,250 soybeans in its seat cushions and a couple pairs of denim jeans shredded into a soundproofing material (called “shoddy”). The Ford Flex has a wheat-strawreinforced storage bin, part of a plan to expand the use of bio-based materials, using locally-sourced stalks from six Ontario farmers. 34

In 2010, Chrysler went one step further with a process that chemically decomposes urethane foam into a base component: polyols. Parts maker Magna then mixes it with virgin materials to reconstitute it as foam for seats and soundproofing. Chrysler says it’s diverting tens of thousands of pounds of foam from landfills. Using plants to make plastics is nothing new: Henry Ford unveiled a 14-panel plastic-bodied car in 1941 made from a formula containing soybeans, wheat, hemp flax and rami (an ancient vegetable fibre). He’d F E B R U A R Y 2013


FEATURES started 20 years earlier with Fordite, a concoction of wheat straw, rubber, silica and other compounds to make steering wheels. Ford wanted to tie America’s agricultural power (and the produce of his own farm) to its industrial force and to look for alternatives to steel, which was in short supply when World War II was being fought in Europe. Although Ford’s car was 1,000 pounds lighter than steel-bodied cars, it never went into production. The current trend is being driven by two forces. First, petroleum-derived plastics and materials are getting more expensive as the price of oil rises. Second, closed-loop systems (which recycle any production waste back into the manufacturing process) cut costs. The other factor is consumers, who are much more eco-conscious but remain price sensitive. Manufacturers are working with universities and research centres to create more-sustainable materials — such as the Ontario BioAuto Council and the University of Windsor’s Auto21. The trick is to not just make materials that are environmentally friendly but to also ensure they can be recycled later. The goal is to help manufacturers make design decisions that will not only pay off in the form of lighter, cheaper and more-sustainable vehicles but will also yield more recyclable or reclaimable parts and materials. But improving on the 84 per cent that gets recycled from the average vehicle today is going to take some collaboration, says Steve Fletcher, director of both the Ontario and Canadian auto recyclers associations. P L A S T I C S N E W S

“We’d like to recycle more,” says Fletcher. “But it gets to the point of diminishing returns.” It’s not that recyclers can’t be bothered. They’d sell the dirt off the vehicles if they could find a market for it. The problem is the materials themselves. Although most metal, wiring, tires and even fluids are recycled; the big challenges are the carpeting, seats, plastics and vinyl. They make up most of the 16 per cent that ends up in landfill, says Dr. Susan Sawyer-Beaulieu, an engineer and research associate at Auto21. All plastics are not created equal. Some can be melted down and reused. Others can be shredded and recycled as a granular fill material or mixed into plastic landscaping lumber. The challenge is in knowing which plastics have value and a viable market, says Fletcher, adding recyclers are working with plastic manufacturers to develop markets for shredded materials. The auto industry can help, he says, by creating a database for each vehicle’s components and noting the type of material. Ford, for example, does that by stamping a code and label on every plastic part indicating what it’s made of. A catalogue of parts and materials does exist but it’s not widely accessible, says Sawyer-Beaulieu. “There’s the International Dismantling Information System (IDIS), which is very valuable,” she says, noting it was created to manage stricter recycling regulations in Europe. It covers 37 countries, 69 car brands and

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1,744 models. “We’d really like to get access to it for research purposes. I’ve never been able to access it myself.” Both Sawyer-Beaulieu and Fletcher say an open-access system would help identify what materials now being shredded and sent to landfill might be recovered and diverted for reuse or recycling. There is a downside however. As the industry gets more efficient at recycling cars, their value also increases, which has created a growing underground network of unlicensed, unregulated auto wreckers. Fletcher says there are about 500 licensed and registered auto recyclers in Ontario, but estimates there could be as many as 1,000 rogue operations, which focus on getting the highest price for scrap metals but pay little heed to the fluids and other toxins in the cars. They can also be clearing houses for stolen cars and parts In an effort to promote understanding of the plastic injection molding process, Trademark Plastics has compiled a knowledge base of terms used in the manufacture of plastic parts for the benefit of our customers and you Plastic injection molding, the most important process in the manufacturing of plastic parts, is done by forcing melted plastic in to a mold cavity until it cools and forms a specific plastic shape. Plastic injection molding is very useful when the plastic parts that need to be produced are too complex or expensive to do by machine. With plastic injection molding, many parts can be made simultaneously (using the same mold). F E B R U A R Y 2013


FEATURES Plastic molding manufacturers use several distinct molding techniques to produce plastic components. These techniques include thermoplastic and thermoset injection molding, transferring to resin, blow molding, gyratory molding, compression molding, thermoforming, structural foam molding

and many others. Trademark Plastics, Inc. take your concept from initial prototype through production, delivery and finishing. Trademark Plastics has a trained staff of experienced engineers, designers and toolmakers who work with clients

from designing the concept for building the prototype and to the production of the actual custom mold. With the use of sophisticated computer aided design and technology and the latest equipment, they can provide clients with a technically superior mold and assure every product’s success.

A Look at The Evolution Of Plastic Injection Molding Methods You may be surprised to learn that many of the items we use on a daily basis have all been made using the same techniques. The different plastic injection molding methods allow us to create many objects ranging from simple items such as toothbrushes and hair clips to complicated items uses in fields such as medicine. t is interesting to learn about plastic injection molding methods and the ways that they have changed over the years to create many of the items we use today. Regardless of changes to the techniques themselves, the same basic principle applies to all plastic injection molding methods. Plastic particles are melted down and fed (or injected) by force through molds.

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These molds are chilled and this causes the plastic to harden. This chilling is accomplished by passing coolant around the mold so that the plastic can harden. After it hardens, it is ejected from the mold and is trimmed and finished so that it is ready for use. Although an early form of plastic was invented in the 1850ís, it was not until the 1870ís that the plastic injection molding process was developed. Early forms of plastic were very difficult to work with and a more malleable form of the material needed to be invented. Shortly after this more malleable form was developed, plastic injection P L A S T I C S N E W S

molding methods were also developed. One of the main changes has been in the materials which are used. Now, there is a greater variety of plastics that can be used in the injection molding process. Many of these plastics have different qualities that make them more desirable for certain applications. As well, it is also possible to add other materials to the plastic. This allows manufacturers to add coloring to the plastic and has given the industry much more versatility. Molds are now available that are more complicated than they were in the past. Before, molds were usually created in two parts. One contained the molding cavity and the other piece was used to eject the finished product from the mold. N o w, c o m p u t e r a s s i s t e d manufacturing has allowed manufacturers to create more complicated molds that may have 36

multiple sections. They are also able to add more detail to the sections of the molds. The plastic injection molding process changed during the 1940ís. Due to the war, there was a higher demand for many of the products that could be manufactured using this process. A screw-type plunger was invented which made the process easier to complete. This was perhaps the first major change that this manufacturing process underwent. This was also when the mixing of plastics and colorants was also developed. It is amazing to think about how many of the products in our lives are made with these manufacturing methods. Whether we are at home, at the store or even being treated medically, plastic products surround us each day. It is only when we think of how many are created using this process that we begin to realize how important it actually is.

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FEATURES How Plastic Injection Molding Methods Have Changed Throughout The Years

durable and easier to work with. Shortly after, plastic injection molding methods were also developed. Although the basic techniques have remained similar in many ways, the materials that are being used have changed.

Are you someone who is interested in learning how objects are made? If so, you may be interested in learning about plastic injection molding methods and how they have changed through the years. Ever since the mid to late 1800Ă­s, this method of creating objects has been used in order to manufacture products such as toothbrushes and hair clips.

Plastics are now available in a wider variety than they were when plastic injection molding methods were first developed. Now, plastics with different melting points are available and it is also possible to add different coloring materials and additives that give specific qualities to the finished product are e also available.

Even items used in medical treatment can be created using these techniques. You may be surprised to learn that although there have been changes to plastic injection molding methods the same basic techniques are the same. Heat is applied to small granules of plastic. Once it has melted it is injected into a mold. The plastic hardens and, when it does, it is ejected from the mold. This hardening is normally achieved using coolant which passes around the molding chamber. Otherwise, it would be difficult to cool the plastic evenly and this could lead to flaws in the finished product. Any tags or excess plastic is removed and the product can then be used. Many people think that plastic is a very modern invention and they are surprised to find it has actually been around in one form or another since the mid to late 1800Ă­s. Early plastic was very hard to work with and difficult to shape into different items. Inventors worked with the basic material and were able to develop a form that was more P L A S T I C S N E W S

Early molds were very simple.They had only two parts. The first was the section in which the actual shaping took place. The second was a section that allowed the finished piece to be ejected easily. Now, very complicated molds exist that may have multiple sections or parts. It is interesting to note that it was not until the 1940Ă­s that plastic injection molding methods truly became popular. Because of the war, many different items were needed that could be created using these methods. In order to make the process easier to control and to make it possible to add different chemicals, the screw type injection process was developed. When we think about how many products used in daily life are made using this process, the list may seem endless. It does not matter where we are, plastic items surround us everywhere. They allow us to maintain food safety and better hygiene, receive medical treatment and even perform acts of personal hygiene such as brushing our teeth and styling our hair. It is when we begin to think how many 37

are created through this method that we begin to realize how important the process is.

What You Need To Know About Plastic Injection Molding Methods Many of the plastic items which we use on a daily basis have all been created the same way. Plastic injection molding methods have been used in order to create items that are used in many different fields including the medical field. Even household items such as toothbrushes and hair clips can be created using these methods. Although materials may have changed slightly, the fact is that plastic injection molding methods are still the same at their most basic level. The process still calls for heated plastic to be injected into a mold and then chilled. Usually chilling occurs thanks to the passing of coolant over and around the molding chamber where the plastic is being shaped. The hardened plastic forms are then ejected and trimmed down so that they are ready for sale or use.

Early plastic, invented in the 1850's was difficult to work with and tended to break easily. A later form of plastic which was developed soon after was easier to shape into different items. This was the first real step towards modern injection molding processes. As soon as a more versatile form of plastic was invented, the plastic injection molding methods similar to those we use today were F E B R U A R Y 2013


FEATURES also created. There have been some changes to the plastic injection molding methods themselves but the larger changes have been to the plastics themselves.

in two parts: the shaping cavity and the ejection portion that allowed the finished product to be ejected so that it can be trimmed and utilized. Now the complexity of the molds and the detail that they have has also altered although there are still two main portions: the mold and the ejector.

Now, they are available in a much wider variety than they were in the late 1800ís. It is now possible to color the plastic that is being molded since dyes and other chemical additives can now be mixed in with the plastic granules themselves. Specific additives can give plastics unique qualities that can make them more suitable for use in different industries and products.

Although many items made with these methods had been created between the late 1800ís and the 1940ís, the war effort, and its need for many items which could be made using these methods caused changes in the process to be developed.

You may be interested to learn that the molds themselves have also changed. Early molds were made

The screw-type injector process was also developed at this time as well as methods that allowed different

additives to be mixed in with the plastic that was to be molded. This was a huge advancement and one of the first real changes to the molding process itself. Working and living in the modern world would not be possible if it was not for the products made using the injection molding process. They surround us and make our lives safer and much more convenient. From personal care products to containers that hold food and water, we live in a world that is influenced by plastic injection molding and the products that they produce. (Courtesy: Trademark Plastics Inc)

AVAILABLE: INJECTION MOLDING MACHINE FOR JOB WORK Finding the right source for your injection-molded thermoplastic parts is as easy as selecting Adept Custom Molders With PRAMUKH POLY PRODUCTS, you are guaranteed professional quality assurance standards, state-of-the-art technological equipment, and innovative, cost-efficient manufacturing techniques. LOCATION: Survey No.166-P, Dadra-Nagar Haveli,Naroli,Silvassa ( U.T.) Machine Specification 1. Model Make Clamping Force Space Between TIE Bars (H X V)

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UG-850 UBE Machinery Corporation Ltd., Japan 850 Ton MM : 1060 X 1060

2. Model Make Clamping Force Space Between TIE Bars (H X V)

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Sincerely, your comments to have PRAMUKH POLY PRODUCTS been of service to you would be highly appreciated. PRAMUKH POLY PRODUCTS: 6, Laxmi Bhuvan, 3rd Golibar Road, T.P.S. III,Santacruz (E), Mumbai : 400055. Phone : 26195965/26195967/26178662  Fax : 022 – 26160374 E-MAIL : info@pramukhpolyproducts.com / pramodvaghela@yahoo.com Contact Person : Mr. Pramod Vaghela, Mobile : 09820423958

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FEATURES

“HDPE Pipes as Fractional Distillation Column – Ms Poorvi C. Desai

“High Density Polyethylene Pipe could be innovated As Fractional Distillation Column with Outer Diameter 315 mm ”and perhaps this could form an industry with entrepreneurs who could implant these innovations with their business acumen, dynamism and dexterity. New Product and New Enduse Innovations For Entrepreneurs in Plastics Industry. ew product as well as new enduse innovations in “Plastic Industry-Dawn Of Indian Industry” would bring in expansions related to each manufacturing process of plastics. To share colours of knowledge in the form of new product as well as new enduse innovations amongst manufacturers of plastic products would lead to money in plastic industry with each manufacturer attain a safety net for his business. Plastics have grown from a mole to a mountain bringing in “Polymer-A Growing Plant Towards Fruition of Plastic Products”. New product as well as enduse innovations would help manufacturers achieve a safety net for their business for a period of above 15-20 years. These manufacturers would have the flexibility of jumping from one enduse to another enduse which would lead to a multiplication of endusers in his business. These new product and new enduse innovations would help in increasing the selling price of the final product which would lead to an increase of average selling price of the final product bringing in a higher

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net profitability and lower payback periods in comparison to existing business. An extremely high market potential of plastic products would bring in additional feather to the cap of existing business of manufacturers in Indian Industry. Plastics, coming out of its infant stage yesterday have moved towards a growing phase leading to a growing phenomenon today would continue to be “Plastic Industry-Dawn of Indian Industry”. Plastics to a new are few, plastics to a few are new. Plastics, to a common man is the most common amongst common man. Enduse innovations in plastics would help manufacturers manufacture products for new enduses without an investment on plant and machinery and also without much investment in marketing of the products. New product innovations would help manufacturers to increase the product mix with an investment only in moulds and dies without any investment on plant and machinery and could manufacture products on the same plant and machinery. New product and new enduse innovations would make plastic rank as one of the top ranking material in agribusiness, building & construction, infrastructure and automotive enduse sectors helping plastic increase the per capita consumption from a single digit to

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triple digit in the country with new enduse innovation such as high density polyethylene pipes as homes for rural population

Plastics For Entrepreneurs New enduse innovations on high density pipes could bring about an imagination of unimaginative people bringing about unimaginative results making these pipes most common amongst common man. To innovate is the job of innovators, innovations are due to the versatile characteristics of plastics. Plastics to a new are few, plastics to a few are new. The beginning of new enduse innovations on high density polyethylene pipes could begin a new beginning for high density polyethylene pipes which could make plastics per capita consumption increase from a single to a triple digit in the country which could bring in “Plastic Industry – Dawn Of Indian Industry”. High density polyethylene pipes could form a pipeline of new enduse innovations of innovative people which could bring in scientific results out of this material of science. New enduse innovations on high density polyethylene pipes such as high density polyethylene fractional distillation column could add an additional feather to the cap of existing business of existing manufacturers F E B R U A R Y 2013


FEATURES of high density polyethylene pipes. Stepping in of high density polyethylene pipes in chemical industry could bring in a link of plastic industry and chemical industry. High density polyethylene pipes, production with which produces entrepreneurs each day as new born entrepreneurs could further increase with new enduse innovations on high density polyethylene pipes. Chemical resistant by nature, high density polyethylene pipes could bring in new enduse innovations related to chemical industry. New enduse innovations on high density polyethylene pipes could create a new history in this high density polyethylene pipe industry. An industry which began with pipes as drinking water pipes could bring in new enduse innovations such as HDPE Pipes As Fractional Distillation Column which could form an industry with entrepreneurs who could implant these innovations with their business acumen, dynamism and dexterity. Entrepreneurs who seek high density polyethylene pipe project could look at small diameter pipes with lower investments and could plough profits and expand their business to large diameter pipes with higher investments. New enduse innovations on high density polyethylene pipes could help these pipes achieve a higher market penetration. Creativity is due to the creative minds of creative people, creators of the plastic units are entrepreneurs full of dynamism, business acumen and dexterity who could bring in “Plastic Industry – Dawn Of Indian Industry”. An inflow of new enduse innovations could bring in an inflow of new creative ideas in the plastics world of imagination by the imagination of unimaginative people. To innovate is the job of innovators, P L A S T I C S N E W S

innovations are due to the versatile characteristics of plastics. Plastics to a new are few, plastics to a few are new. Yesterday high density polyethylene pipes were perceived as pipes for drinking water tomorrow a growing phenomenon could grow from a mole to a mountain bringing in “Polymer – A Growing Plant Towards Fruition Of Plastic Products”. A humble beginning with which high density polyethylene pipes began its beginning yesterday, tomorrow could bring in new enduse innovations such as high density polyethylene pipes as fractional distillation column could bring in “Polymer – A Growing Plant Towards Fruition Of Plastic Products”. New Enduse Innovations on high density polyethylene pipes such as fractional distillation column could bring about many new enduse innovations related to plastic industry. High density polyethylene pipes, a major axis on which plastic industry would lie could bring about a high market potential in each country with new enduse innovations which could bring in “Plastic Industry – Dawn Of Indian Industry”. Rare, unfound, uncommon new enduse innovations could bring about uncommon results out of this material of science. High density polyethylene pipes could be the most sought product due to its longeivity. The life of large diameter high density polyethylene pipes is between 50 to 100 years with 100% virgin material, high density polyethylene. High density polyethylene pipes could step up the future of the plastic industry by stepping in this plastic industry. New enduse innovations on high density polyethylene pipes could bring in a chain of new enduse innovations 40

on high density polyethylene pipes which could bring in “Polymer – A Growing Plant Towards Fruition Of Plastic Products”. Sowing seeds of plastics could reap fruits of money for entrepreneurs in plastic industry. The more you sow the more you reap. Sowing seeds of new product as well as new enduse innovations could germinate into plastic products with an extremely high market potential bringing in “Polymer – A Growing Plant Towards Fruition Of Plastic Products”. High density polyethylene pipes could bring about a neverending story with new enduse innovations on high density polyethylene pipes which could bring in more projects to fruition. New enduse innovations on high density polyethylene pipes such as fractional distillation column a conduit of chemicals could bring about a conduit of money for entrepreneurs in plastic industry. High density polyethylene pipes, an industry which brings about higher volumes of business for plastic industry and polymer industry could further bring about higher volumes of business with new enduse innovations on high density polyethylene pipes. The production of high density polyethylene pipes which produces entrepreneurs, production of which generates plastic industry could increase with new enduse innovations of innovative people. High density polyethylene pipes, a versatile product due to its versatile characteristics of longeivity made out of versatile polymer, high density polyethylene could bring about an industry which is versatile. New enduse innovations on high density polyethylene pipes which was perceived as inflow of water yesterday, tomorrow could bring about an inflow of

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FEATURES chemicals with new enduse innovations on high density polyethylene pipes as fractional distillation column. The future of high density polyethylene pipes is bright with the past which initiated with pipes for water supply. Plastic Industry could tie Chemical Industry with new enduse innovations such as fractional distillation column. New enduse innovations on high density polyethylene pipes could bring about a new horizon in high density polyethylene pipe industry which could bring about an inflow of entrepreneurs in this pipe industry due to an inflow of chemicals in Indian Industry. Innovations of innovative people could bring about an inflow of a creative world due to the creativity of creative people. High density polyethylene pipes could bring about unbound boundaries of enduse innovations which could fructify into more number of projects to fruition. Innovations are created by “New Creative Ideas” of creative minds creating a world of imagination could create new plastic units in the country. Indian Industry comprises of plastic industry as well as chemical industry, tomorrow could form a link between plastic industry and chemical industry with new enduse innovations such as HDPE Pipes As Fractional Distillation Column. New enduse innovations on high density polyethylene pipes could help the plastic industry to grow from a mole to a mountain, a growing phenomenon bringing in “Polymer – A Growing Plant Towards Fruition Of Plastic Products”. Unbound boundaries of innovations on high density polyethylene pipes could unlock doors of money bringing in “Polymer – A Growing Plant Towards Fruition Of Plastic Products”. Forming new enduse innovations on high P L A S T I C S N E W S

density polyethylene pipes could form an industry which could have an extremely high market potential in the country which could increase the per capita consumption of plastics from a single digit to a triple digit e.g. HDPE Pipes As Homes For Rural Population. Forming new enduse innovations on high density polyethylene pipes could form new plastic units forming a new growth of high density polyethylene pipes in each country. New enduse development on high density polyethylene pipes could be created by innovations of innovative people bringing about more number of new enduse innovations into its fold unfolding new endusers. New enduse innovations on high density polyethylene pipes could initiate in a small manner could propagate to a chain of enduse innovations bringing in “Polymer – A Growing Plant Towards Fruition Of Plastic Products” by the initiation of marketing initiatives of entrepreneurs in this high density polyethylene pipe industry. Polymers gives birth to plastics, monomers gives birth to polymers. History of plastics begins with polymers, story of plastics begins with entrepreneurs. High density polyethylene pipes, a product in plastic industry which could increase the market potential of plastics in each country with its versatile characteristic of longeivity could make this product the most sought product among endusers which could lead to monetary gains to endusers bringing in “PolymerA Growing Plant Towards Fruition Of Plastic Products”. High density polyethylene pipes was perceived as drinking water pipes yesterday, tomorrow could bring in new enduse 41

innovations such as high density polyethylene pipes such as fractional distillation column. The future of plastics is bright with the past which initiated as pipes for drinking water. Initiation of new enduse innovations on high density polyethylene pipes could propagate to a chain of new enduse innovations amongst entrepreneurs due to the propagation of “New Creative Ideas” in the plastic industry. A row of entrepreneurs in series and parallel could be generated by the generation of “New Creative Ideas” of creative minds of creative people. Formation of “New Creative Ideas” could form an industry which could be full of innovations which could be implemented by entrepreneurs who are full of business acumen, dynamism and dexterity bringing in “Plastic Industry – Dawn Of Indian Industry”. Existing enduses for plastic products could bring in a high competition which could make it difficult for entrepreneurs to fetch a good net profitability. New enduse innovations on high density polyethylene pipes could involve extremely market potential of high density polyethylene pipes which could help in increasing the per capita consumption of plastic products from a single digit to a triple digit. Eg HDPE Pipes As Homes For Rural Population. A new business which an entrepreneur could seek, tomorrow could consist of new enduse innovations of innovative people which could involve no fear of competition and extremely high market potential. New Enduse Development which is a need of any business could fructify with new enduse innovations on high density polyethylene pipes bringing in new enduses into its fold unfolding new endusers each day as new born endusers. Yesterday, the F E B R U A R Y 2013


FEATURES benefits of high density polyethylene pipes to endusers were Greek and Latin tomorrow could be well understood by endusers in a language which could bring in monetary gains and longeivity to these endusers. The market potential of high density polyethylene pipes which could increase due to the enduse innovations of innovative people could bring in “Polymer – A Growing Plant Towards Fruition Of Plastic Products”. A broadened horizon of plastics with new product as well as new enduse innovations could bring about funnelling from a low base to a broad base of products could bring in “Polymer – A Growing Plant Towards Fruition Of Plastic Products”. High Density Polyethylene pipes are chemical resistant, corrosion resistant, waterproof and could involve longeivity which could be used for many new enduse innovations with these properties of polymer, high density polyethylene. The life of large diameter high density polyethylene pipes is between 50 to 100 years with 100% virgin material, high density polyethylene. Chemical properties of high density polyethylene could make plastics and chemical an integral industry with the use of plastics in chemical industry. High density polyethylene pipes are versatile due to its properties such as chemical resistance which makes these pipes a versatile product. High density polyethylene pipes of a larger outer diameter could bring about new enduse innovations which could bring about a varied variety of functions of high density polyethylene pipes. High density polyethylene pipes with smaller outer diameters could be used mainly for agribusiness, whereas

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that of larger outer diameter could be used in enduse sectors such as agribusiness, building & construction, infrastructure and automotive. If the processing temperature of chemicals is within the melt temperature of high density polyethylene pipes then these pipes could become omnipresent in the chemical industry. Unfound, uncommon new enduse innovations could bring in “Polymer – A Growing Plant Towards Fruition Of Plastic Products”. A chain of new enduse innovations could be propagated with the innovations of innovative people who could begin new enduse innovations with a humble beginning. Beginning innovations with a humble beginning could tomorrow grow from a mole to a mountain, a growing phenomenon. To form a pipeline of new enduse innovations could be the job of innovators, to implant these innovations could be the job of entrepreneurs who are full of business acumen, dynamism and dexterity which could bring in “Plastic Industry – Dawn Of Indian Industry”. Unbound boundaries of new enduse innovations on high density polyethylene pipes could unlock doors of money for entrepreneurs in Indian Industry. Rare, unfound new enduse innovations could bring about scientific results with this material of science making plastics most common amongst common man. Never ending story of new enduse innovations could not end the fairy tale of plastic industry in the form of a fairy, new product as well as new enduse innovations. History of plastics begins with polymers, story of plastics begins with entrepreneurs. New enduse innovations on high density polyethylene pipes could

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form a new story in high density polyethylene pipe industry. A chain of new enduse innovations could propagate a chain of entrepreneurs due to a propagation of a chain of endusers. A row of entrepreneurs in series and parallel in the form of diversifications and expansions could look at new enduse innovations on high density polyethylene pipes. New enduse innovations on high density polyethylene pipes, a conduit of water yesterday, a conduit of money for entrepreneurs could form a conduit of chemicals for chemical industry. Sowing seeds of plastics would reap fruits of money for entrepreneurs in this industry. Sowing seeds of new product as well as new enduse innovations could germinate into plastic products with extremely high market potential in the country. The more you sow the more you reap. A tale of new product as well as new enduse innovations could be fascinating with the creativity of creative people creating a fairy tale in the form of a fairy, new product as well as new enduse innovations. New enduse innovations could create a new history in high density polyethylene pipe industry. History of plastics begins with polymers, story of plastics begins with entrepreneurs. To form a new beginning on large diameter high density polyethylene pipe in the form of new enduse innovations could create an unbound boundary for entrepreneurs in plastic industry. New enduse innovations could bring in a world of imagination bringing about unimaginative results by the imagination of unimaginative people which could extrude a “New High Density Polyethylene Pipe Industry” out of this extrusion process of plastics. Unbound boundaries of new F E B R U A R Y 2013


FEATURES enduse innovations on high density polyethylene pipes could unlock doors of money for entrepreneurs in this plastic industry. Beginning of high density polyethylene pipes began with a humble beginning yesterday, tomorrow could grow from a mole to a mountain, a growing phenomenon into many new enduse innovations such as high density polyethylene pipes as fractional distillation column. Large size high density polyethylene pipes could form new openings in plastic industry in the form of new enduse innovations which could open up new openings for entrepreneurs in plastic industry which could bring in “Polymer-A Growing Plant Towards Fruition Of Plastic Products”. New plastic units, a generation out of the generation of new creative ideas of creative people could bring in “Plastic Industry – Dawn Of Indian Industry”. 1. The Indian chemicals industry is the twelfth largest industry in the world and the third largest in Asia in terms of volume. The Indian Chemicals industry is currently valued at around US $ 35 billion(Source : http://www.ibef.org/artdisplay. aspx?cat_id=260 & art_id=27812) 2. The USD 28 billion Indian chemical

industry is a marginal player in the international market accounting for 1.9 per cent of the global chemicals market, while Indian trade(exports plus imports) accounts for first 1.3 per cent of the world chemical trade of USD 545 billion (Source : http://www.naft_asia.om/files/ KPMG_Chemtech_Report.pdf)

High Density Polyethylene Pipe As Fractional Distillation Column

Distillation Distillation is a general term that describes a group of specific methods that use heat to separate mixtures. The two main types are simple and fractional. What can make this confusing is that some people incorrectly call simple distillation just "distillation." The two types use much of the same equipment and principles to separate mixtures, but the fractional method also uses a fractionating column. Fractional distillation is used when the boiling points of chemicals in a mixture are close to each-other, while the simple method is generally used when the boiling points are significantly different. In simple distillation, a mixture containing chemicals with different

boiling points is heated to a gentle boil. The chemical, now in gaseous form, travels upward and then over into a cooled tube called a condenser, where it becomes a liquid again. The condenser is angled slightly downward, and a purer version of the desired chemical empties into a receiving vessel at the bottom.

Fractional Distillation Fractional distillation is used when the boiling points of chemicals in a mixture are close to each-other, usually within 77°F (25°C). In this method, heat is added to the mixture until it begins to boil. The gas, usually purer than the mixture but still containing all of the chemicals, then travels up into a fractionating column. The fractionating column blocks the gas from directly rising by putting a large amount of surface area in its way, either by using a series of trays or plates, or by filling the entire column with packing material. The rising gas then condenses on the trays or other materials and becomes a liquid. The rising gases from below, however, heat this liquid again, causing it to distill again, and an even purer gas travels up to the next level of the column. Eventually, the gas makes it out of the fractionating column, is cooled to liquid, and empties into a receiving vessel. In a laboratory setting, the two methods use much of the same equipment. The flasks, vessels, thermometers, condensers, clamps, adapters and even heating methods are interchangeable between the two. In fractional distillation, however, a fractionating column is set up between where the mixture is boiled (in a distilling flask) and the condenser,

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FEATURES taking the place of the three-way adapter usually used. (Source : http://www.wisegeek.com/ what-is-the-difference-between-distillationand-fractional-distillation.htm)

High Density Polyethylene Pipes – PE100 1. Longer Service Life Time – High density polyethylene pipes involve longeivity and the life of these pipes is more than 50 years. These pipes have leakproof joints. 2. Corrosion & Chemical Resistance – For harsh chemical environments, high density polyethylene are ideal. Melt Temperature = 190 to 220 0 C (Source : http://www.tripolyta.com/ Userfiles/File/Tech_Info HDPE SP4808.pdf)

As Fractional Distillation Column (Validation & Inputs from a Large Diameter High Density Polyethylene Pipe Manufacturer) Outer Diameter of High Density Polyethylene Pipe = 315 mm, Wall thickness = 28.63 mm, Weight/metre = 27.45 kg/mt, Pressure = 16 kg/cm2 If higher pressure is required, wall thickness could be increased This innovation could work depending upon the type of chemicals. If it absorbs heat, this innovation can work. If it releases heat then this innovation cannot work Disclaimer 1. Kindly note this is an innovation means a new creative idea and not yet implemented.

High Density Polyethylene Pipe

2. However this new creative idea has been validated either by machinery supplier, or manufacturer of the product in the respective field or consultant of plastics in India. 3. Each entrepreneur who intends setting up a new project has to initiate the implementation of this innovation, a new creative idea while setting up a new project. Conclusion New Enduse Innovations as well as New Product Enduse Innovations in plastics would help increase the per capita consumption of plastics making plastic rank as one of the top ranking material in agribusiness, building & construction, infrastructure and automotive enduse sectors bringing in “Plastic Industry-Dawn Of Indian Industry”.

KREYENBORG GmbH increases plant productivity by using a melt pump production line for thermoplastic elastomers at the Bada AG has been retrofitted by the KREYENBORG GmbH. A melt pump and screen changer together with an additional control package designed by the Bruckmann Steuerungstechnik GmbH (BSG), have been integrated into the existing system. The main objectives of the retrofit were to provide increased performance in terms of higher output and improved filtration.

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The melt pump is the KREYENBORG patented MB version, which enables short changeover times between different production batches and a reduction of waste during color

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and product changes. By using the KREYENBORG melt pump the plant’s throughput for processing of elastomers (TPE) was increased by 40%. When dealing with difficult TPE types the output was increased by 100%. At the same time, the start-up process was considerably optimized and the waste production during the start-up was reduced. By employing the melt pump, a separation of the two process steps “material processing in the extruder” and “pressure build up by the gear pump”. The result is increased production capacity associated with a higher quality through filtration. Only 44

by the retrofitting of a melt pump the use of a screen changer was made possible because the twin-screw was not able to build up the required pressure. Also in processing of virgin material filtration is a quality feature, which is increasingly requested by processors of the compounds. The required filter fineness is ensured by the piston screen changer. For more info please contact Reifenhauser (India) Marketing Ltd. Ph. No.:- +91 22 26862711 Fax No.:- +91 22 26862722 Email: - info@reifenhauserindia.com / ashish@reifenhauserindia.com Website: - www.reifenhauserindia.com F E B R U A R Y 2013


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INTERNATIONAL NEWS

Strike on Ain Sokhna port hinders import shipments to Egypt n Egypt, Ain Sokhna port workers have been on strike since end January, according to local Egyptian media. Around 1,200 workers at Platinum Maritime Services, which is a subcontractor at the port, started their strike demanding permanent contracts with DP World, a private Dubai-based company that manages the port. This situation caused almost all operations to be suspended at the port. Negotiations with army leaders, who attempted to help resolve the issue, failed as their offers were the same as that of DP World. Currently, the port workers only allow tourist ships and basic foodstuff containers to be unloaded while the rest of the ships are stopped. Ain Sokhna, near

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the southern end of the Suez Canal, is Cairo's main port for cargoes from the Far East. A polymer player in Egypt complained about the ongoing strike in the Ain Sokhna port and said, “Apart from the fact that our overall end product demand is poor, we are now facing clearing problems at Ain Sokhna port. Import cargoes are currently waiting in the port and we are not able to withdraw them. Plus, liquidity issues persist in the market.” In addition to the port issue, Egyptian players continue to lament the high dollar parity and the difficulty in obtaining US dollars in the country. A converter complained, “Our end product demand remains stagnant while

ongoing liquidity issues coupled with the increasing dollar parity hampers the import trade. This situation caused local availability not to be that comfortable. We, therefore, reduced our operating rates down to 40% capacity.” Electricity problems inside the country also cause problems for converters. A buyer told ChemOrbis, “We struggle with our own worker’s strike and on top of that we are facing electricity cuts, which hinders our manufacturing. Although these electricity cuts are not as bad as back in 2012, we still get hurt since we need to restart our machinery every time the power goes off.” Therefore, the buyer runs their plant at a lower capacity of 80%

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biax@andritz.com www.andritz.com

F E B R U A R Y 2013


INTERNATIONAL NEWS

China levies anti-dumping duty on chemicals from USA, EU hina will impose antidumping duties on two chemicals from the United States and European Union for five years. According to reports the Ministry of Commerce said it ruled that U.S. and EU companies have been selling the chemicals at unfairly low prices, hurting China's domestic industry. The two chemicals, ethylene glycol monobutyl ether and diethylene glycol monobutyl ether, are widely

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used in applications such as metal cleansing, paint stripping, dry cleaning and printing. A 10.6% duty will be imposed on those chemicals manufactured by American companies Equistar Chemicals LP and Eastman Chemical Co., and a 14.1% duty on those made by Dow Chemical Co. and all other U.S. companies. Duties of 9.3-18.8% will be levied on products from EU companies.

Royal Dutch Shell to increase polyols capacity at Singapore oyal Dutch Shell PLC (RDSA) will increase polyols capacity at its Singapore petrochemical plant by over 100,000 tpa to 360,000 tpa. The upgrade is expected to be completed in 2014. "The Asia Pacific market for polyols has grown rapidly over the years and we see increasing

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demand for higher-comfort products," said Shell Chemicals Executive Vice President Graham van't Hoff. The additional volume and grades from this Singapore investment will enable us to meet customer demand growth from key markets in Asia, particularly China

Occidental Petroleum plans ethylene plant in Texas he Los Angeles, Californiabased Occidental Petroleum Corp. has proposed setting up of a new ethylene plant in Texas. In its application to the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), Occidental said the construction for the plant in Ingleside near Corpus Christi would commence in December 2014 and

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the production would start in February 2017. The Texas plant would produce 1.2 bln lbs of ethylene pa and generate 123 jobs. Occidental has become the latest to join the list of companies that are increasing their capacities to benefit from the booming shale gas supplies that would cut costs for US firms. 53

Seattle unveils ambitious solid waste plan y 2016, Seattle would prohibit single-single homes, multi-family dwellings and businesses from throwing away organic waste, according to an ambitious solid waste management plan that's being considered by lawmakers. The plan would also prohibit all commercial construction and demolition debris from being landfilled by 2017.

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In a meeting February 5, the City Council's Libraries, Utilities, and Center Committee utilities committee voted to recommend that the full council approve the new solid waste plan, according to a report in the Puget Sound Business Journal. Among the highlights of the city's new plan: A 60 percent recycling rate by 2015, A 70 percent recycling rate by 2022, Single-family organics collection in 2014, A 2014 ban on businesses sending plastic film and clean wood to landfills, Multifamily organics collection in 2015, A single-use plastic bag ban in stores in 2015, A ban on commercial organics to landfills in 2016, A ban of C&D debris to landfill in 2017, A composting program for pet waste and diapers in 2020. Seattle's recycling rate was 55.4 percent in 2011, according to data from the city.

F E B R U A R Y 2013


INTERNATIONAL NEWS

Phillipines Senate approves full industrialization of Bataan petrochemical park he Senate has approved on third and final reading a bill lifting the restrictions on the Philippines National Oil Company to operate solely petrochemical-related enterprises inside an industrial estate in Bataan and allow the entry of other businesses engaged in energy and energy-related infrastructure projects.Sen. Ralph Recto, Chairman of the Committee on Government Corporations and Public Enterprises and author of Senate Bill No. 2916, said limitation imposed by Presidential Degree (PD) No. 949 has rendered the 530-hectare industrial park unavailable to potential investors who are engaged in businesses other than petrochemicals. "Since its inception in 1995, the park has never

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achieved financial and commercial viability and has incurred losses totaling P1.3 billion from 1997 to 2010. At present, there are only three locators in the 170-hectare developed portion of the estate when it can accommodate at least 10. With the low turnout of locators, most of the landholdings remain idle or underutilized," Recto said. The low turnout of locators in the park is a reflection of the petrochemical industry's situation in the country whose financial viability is adversely affected by factors such as the low local demand for petrochemical products; competition from other countries; capital requirement and uncontrolled smuggling. Recto

suggested maximizing the economic potential of the park by implementing a multi-purpose or mixed utilization of the estate instead of scrapping off the project. Meanwhile, Sen. Chiz Escudero, chairman of the Committee on Environment and Natural Resources and sponsor of the bill, said enactment of the proposed legislation into law will develop the park into a complete and integrated hub that will be more responsive to the needs of prospective foreign and local investors. "The proposed measure seeks to contribute to the government's thrust of poverty and alleviation, employment generation and sustained economic growth and recovery," Escudero said.

British Plastics Federation defends plastic over pollution claims he British Plastics Federation put forward a robust defense of plastics on BBC2's Newsnight program earlier in the month. According to reports,BPF director-general Peter Davis spoke in an item on the topical news program, which assessed the damage being done to wildlife in the world's oceans by waste plastic. The feature warned that more work needed to be done to research the impact of waste plastic in the world's seas. The piece argued such plastic waste had caused "disturbing sex changes in some animals" and through ingestion had caused the premature deaths of sea birds and mammals. Asked in an interview what the plastics industry was doing to halt the flow of plastic waste

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into the sea, Davis said: "We're unhappy that there is plastic in the ocean. "The plastics industry itself, of course, doesn't leave plastic waste on beaches or illegally dump it in the sea." Davis said plastic was a "valuable resource which

we need back". "First and foremost we need it back for recycling but it's also a valuable form of heat and power in energy in the form of energy-from-waste combustion," he added.

Dupont to end PET production by mid 2013 at Cedar Creek site uPont Teijin Films US LP plans to consolidate production of internal PET polymer for its U.S. business at its Hopewell manufacturing site in Chester.The business conditions, the economic climate and other pressures that

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have happened over the years in the polyester world that have been responsible for this step. The Cedar Creek site will end PET polymer production by the middle of this year, and close the site by Nov. 30.

F E B R U A R Y 2013


INTERNATIONAL NEWS

Las Vegas puts chips on single-stream recycling he Las Vegas area appears to be going all-in on singlestream recycling.

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Clark County commissioners approved an ordinance Tuesday to make the switch, although the board did not OK an agreement with

the area's waste hauler, Republic Services. According to media reports, commissioners want to conduct some studies and have an escape clause in an agreement with Republic allowing the county to end singlestream recycling if it doesn't work

out.The switch to single-stream also marks changes in the area's trash and recycling collection. Biweekly collection of recycling will switch to weekly and twice-weekly collection of residential trash will change to once a week, the reports said.

Injection molder Core Systems strikes back at Whirlpool ustom injection molder Core Systems LLC has countersued Whirlpool Corp., whose January 24 lawsuit claims Core breached contract.Core injection molded about 250 parts for Whirlpool plants in Findlay, Clyde, Marion and Greenville, Ohio, before Whirl-pool terminated its services January 24. The loss of that business forced Core to close its Mount Gilead, Ohio, plant. In its February 3 response to WhirlÂŹpool's complaint filing to the court, Core denies most of Whirlpool's allegations and says that, in some cases, it could not meet obligations because WhirlÂŹpool interfered with Core and misinterpreted the two parties' agreements.

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A key issue in Core's countersuit is a performance improvement plan, agreed to Jauary 11, in which Whirlpool gave Core until March 28 to achieve certain milestones, according to Core. Core said it was coerced into signing the one-side agreement.

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In any event, without notice, Whirlpool informed Core it would re-source components and demanded same-day access to Core facilities to reclaim tooling. Core alleges that, at about the same time, Whirlpool cut off a payment system in which Core could quickly sell accounts receivable within 15 days to receive immediate cash. Without that system, Core and its secured lenders were dealing with "tainted" collateral, and Core's relationship with those lenders was jeopardized, according to the molder. A January 28 interim court order requested Whirlpool pay for manufactured parts and negotiate on economic issues. Core said Whirlpool reneged on that order and offered to buy the parts at 40 percent of the contract price.On February 3 Whirlpool stopped buying finished parts and refused to compensate Core for raw materials bought for Whirlpool programs. Core alleges Whirlpool owes it more $4.5 million for finished parts and dedicated 55

raw materials, and it is seeking unspecified damages through the courts. Of that amount, $1.3 million was owed to raw materials suppliers Jan. 21; at that time Core had only $11,000 in cash. When Core asked Whirlpool to provide it with $250,000 and $900,000 in revolving financing, Whirlpool declined. Whirlpool, which had complained of delivery and quality problems and competitiveness, had hoped the performance plan would solve those problems. Core's February 3 filing brings several counts against Whirlpool, including breach of contract for purchasing orders and the performance improvement plan, negotiating in bad faith, interference with Core's accounts receivable system, unjust enrichment and broken promises. Core is asking for an award of damages and fees to be decided at trial. The case is scheduled for trial by jury May 22, presided over by U.S. District Judge Donald C. Nugent.

F E B R U A R Y 2013


BUSINESS NEWS

Gail plans Rs. 20,000 crore investment in petrochemicals AIL (India) Ltd is in talks with India's leading refining companies including the Essar Group and HPCL-Mittal Energy Ltd (HMEL) for setting up a Rs. 20,000 crore plus naphtha based petrochemical project in the country with a capacity of 1 mn tpa.

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HMEL is a joint venture company formed by Hindustan Petroleum Corp Ltd (HPCL) and ArcelorMittal chairman LN Mittal. According to reports the company also plans to diversify into shipping and has already lined up an investment of Rs 7000 crore for purchasing 6-7 large gas carriers or

charter hire for importing LNG from the US. Talks are on between GAIL and Shipping Corporation of India, MOL, Hyundai and others. "We have already lined a Rs. 40,000-crore investment plan for the next three years and are also looking at the possibility of setting up a Rs.20,000-crore naphtha-based petrochem project," says BC Tripathi, Chairman and Managing Director, Gail. Mr Tripathi, however, said the company is yet to finalise the location of its new petrochem project. "We are in talks with Essar, HMEL

Dhunseri Petrochem plans unit in Egypt with an investment of Rs 900 crores olkata-headquartered Dhunseri Petrochem and Tea Ltd is to set up its unit in Egypt by July this year.

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The Egypt unit is being set up at an estimated investment of nearly Rs 900 crores according to a report in The Hindu. C.K. Dhanuka, Executive Chairman, Dhunseri, said that the greenfield PET (Polyethylene terephthalate) resin plant, with an annual capacity of 430,000 tons will become operational in two phases. While the first phase, of 215,000 tons capacity, will be operational in P L A S T I C S N E W S

early July; the second phase (similar capacity) is expected to be ready around August. The Egypt project had suffered a two-month setback because of the civil unrest in the region followed by a delay in supply of product lines from India. The delay, however, has not had any major impact on the project cost. As a part of its Rs 1300-crore expansion plans, the company has recently made operational its second PET resin facility at Haldia in West Bengal, at an investment of Rs 400 crores.

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and HPCL for this new petrochem project and will be decide on the location only after the selection of the JV partner.

RIL to invest over Rs 100,000 crores for petrochem expansion IL is to invest over Rs 100,000 crores for petrochem expansion. Announcing on the backdrop of the results for this quarter, Mukesh D. Ambani, Chairman and Managing Director, Reliance Industries Limited said: “RIL’s performance has improved in this quarter with margin expansion in petrochemicals and record earnings in the refining business.

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We are investing over Rs 100,000 crore by expanding our petrochemical capacities and adding value to our refining business. These investments will secure a significant change in RIL’s earning capacity on commissioning of these projects. It will also provide employment opportunity for thousands of young Indians and support India’s economic growth”.

F E B R U A R Y 2013


BUSINESS NEWS

Novatek to supply upto 300,000 tons of Naptha to YNCC AO NOVATEK (Novatek), hjas signed a commercial agreement with the Yeochun Naphtha Cracker Center (YNCC), a South Korean petrochemical company, for supplying up to three hundred thousand tons of light naphtha produced at the Ust-Luga Gas Condensate Transshipment and Fractionation complex in 2013. The Ust-Luga complex includes facilities for transshipment and fractionation of

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stable gas condensate. The Complex will process up to 6 mln tpa of gas condensate and produce light and heavy naphtha, diesel and jet fuel, as well as heating oil. Construction works has also started at the second stage of the Complex. First Deputy Chairman of NOVATEK's Management Board, Mikhail Popov noted: "The contract with YNCC is another step in the expansion of

customer portfolio for the Ust-Luga Complex guaranteeing sustainability of our integrated production chain." Executive Vice President of YNCC, Paul Y. Joo commented: "NOVATEK has already worked out reliable logistics of product supplies to South Korea, and we are confident in the security of supply of the required volumes of naphtha as a feedstock for our production."

Mitsui Chemicals to withdraw from Keiyo Ethylene Co., Ltd. itsui Chemicals, Inc. plans to withdraw from business operations of Keiyo Ethylene Co., Ltd. (KEC), a joint venture with Maruzen Petrochemical Co., Ltd. and Sumitomo Chemical Co., Ltd. Mitsui Chemicals commenced equity participation (22.5%) in KEC in December 1995 as part of an effort to reinforce domestic olefin supply infrastructures through strengthening global competitiveness and operative scales.

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However, recent changes in the global ethylene market, such as improvement in supplies from new large-scale plants in the Middle East and China, and forecasted production increases from shale gas in the United States, has resulted in an urgent need to fundamentally restructure and reform domestic petrochemical business for industry sustainability. Against this backdrop, ethylene production surplus is expected at facilities in the Ichihara (Chiba, Japan) area, where the country's ethylene

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plants are concentrated, and domestic production is expected to fall below 6 mln tpa. Mitsui Chemicals undertook ongoing studies of operations including continued participation in KEC with the two partners and their possible participation in the Ichihara ethylene center of Chiba Chemicals Manufacturing LLP (Limited Liability Partnership), an operative by Mitsui

Chemicals and Idemitsu Kosan Co., Ltd. Based on these studies, the three companies - Mitsui Chemicals, Maruzen Petrochemical, and Sumitomo Chemical - reached an agreement in which Mitsui Chemicals will withdraw from KEC by the end of fiscal 2014. The three companies will continue to discuss practical aspects and details of the withdrawal.

BASF and Petronas agree to terminate speciality chemicals venture within RAPID ASF and Petroliam Nasional Bhd have terminated their speciality chemicals venture within Petronas' Refinery & Petrochemical Integrated Development (RAPID) project in Pengerang, Johor. Petronas and BASF have concluded that it would be in their mutual interest to terminate the HoA (Heads of Agreement) as both

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parties were unable to come to an agreement on the terms and conditions for the implementation of the proposed venture. However, despite the termination of the venture, Petronas and BASF remain committed to continuing their longterm partnership at BASF Petronas Chemicals in Gebeng Industrial Zone, Kuantan.

F E B R U A R Y 2013


BUSINESS NEWS

Swiss and Austrian molding markets stay buoyant he injection molding markets in Switzerland and Austria remained stable in 2012 thanks to having some of the most technically advanced companies in Europe, according to Applied Market Information Ltd. Switzerland is strong in serving niche electrical, technical and medical markets, while Austrian molders supply the automotive industry in central and Eastern Europe, according to guides

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on the injection molding industry in each country.

2 percent while Austria saw an increase of 3 percent.

Swiss molders processed an estimated 145,000 metric tons of polymer in 2012 compared to their counterparts in Austria, who accounted for an estimated 130,000 metric tons.

However, some molders are still looking to increase profitability and reduce costs by consolidating molding operations, either by merging production sites or by re-locating to countries with lower labor costs such as the Czech Republic and Hungary, according to Bristol-based AMI.

Neither country saw a big change in the number of injection molding sites. Switzerland experienced a drop of

BASF in JV with Sinopec to build new plant in China ASF plans to build a new plastics plant with China Petroleum & Chemical Corporation (Sinopec) in Maoming, south China. The two partners have completed a joint feasibility study for a giant isononanol plant.

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A new 50-50 joint venture will be formed, named BASF MPCC Co. Ltd., to operate it. Production is scheduled

to begin at the site in mid-2015. Preapproval has been received from the Maoming Administration of Industry and Commerce for the name of the venture. The partners expect to begin production at the new plant around the middle of 2015. INA is used as feedstock for the production of next generation plasticizers, including

diisononyl phthalate (DINP) and nonphthalate plasticizer Hexamoll DINCH. The full integration of the new INA plant into the existing petrochemical site of MPCC in Maoming will allow for a comprehensive system for managing energy as well as minimizing water us, emissions, and waste. The approval process has begun for the environmental impact assessment.

Automation specialist KEBA puts a second plant into operation in Linz he Linz-based KEBA Group has plans to start second unit in operation.

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With the former premises of the Quelle company, an ideal property w a s f o u n d a n d K E B A’s e n t i r e automat production has now been switched from the “Gewerbepark” to the “Industriezeile”. Since January, KEBA has had roughly an extra 5,000

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m2 available at its Plant 2 for the manufacture of banking machines, e-vehicle charging stations and parcel automats, complete with additional space for further expansion. The working area was brought up to the structural and technical standards required for modern manufacturing in just three months and if own activities are included, KEBA has invested a

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total of approximately EUR 500,000 in this second production location. At the KEBA location in the “Gewerbepark”, where a total of 10,000m2 of production space is available, there is now a focus on electronics production. This incorporates control and visualization systems, as well as manual operating devices.

F E B R U A R Y 2013


BUSINESS NEWS

New company pioneers fuel from mixed plastic waste ecycling Technologies Ltd., formed in England out of a process developed at the University of Warwick to transform mixed plastic waste into heat and energy, has completed an equity finance deal with the Wroxall Investors Group, an angel investor in Midlands.The university

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spun off Recycling Technologies in 2011.Martin Lusby, one of the investors, will become chairman of the board.Terms of the deal were not disclosed.Adrian Griffiths, Recycling Technologies' managing director, said: "We are really pleased with this deal. It not only secures the funding

Eastman reports mixed results Eastman Chemical Co.'s $3.4 billion purchase of Solutia Inc. in early 2012 increased the Kingsport-based firm's annual sales total, but also reduced its growth rate.Combined, Eastman-Solutia sales fell almost 2 percent to about $9.1 billion in 2012, including a gain of almost 13 percent in the legacy Eastman businesses. Eastman-only profit for 2012 fell more than 30 percent to $444 million. Sales

for 2012 in Eastman's adhesives and plasticizers unit - which was not affected by the Solutia deal - grew almost 4 percent to more than $1.4 billion. That unit's operating earnings also grew five percent to $263 million. In the release, officials said that the unit's sales revenue increased because of higher sales volume from continued substitution of phthalate plasticizers with non-phthalate plasticizers.

Thermoformer Accel Plastics acquires product line, forms new division ndustrial thermoformer Accel Plastics Inc. has formed a new division to handle prisoner restraint seating and related product lines it acquired from Aedec International of Beaverton, Ore. Accel acquired thermoformed Pro-Straint police car seating and Pro-Straint prisoner restraint chairs, and rotational-molded sports utility vehicle seating operations from Aedec owner, Dan Corcoran. Accel is moving all seating production

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to its Auburn, Washington plant. It recently upgraded the equipment and production flow in the 30,000-squarefoot facility to handle the extra work from the seating business, Accel general manager John Crawford said "We will be able to leverage strength from our vehicle component thermoforming experience into the seating operations," Crawford explained. "It will be a good complement with our existing business."

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we need at this stage of our growth, but simultaneously has expanded the experience that we can draw on as we develop the business."Lusby said the first machine will go into production in 2014. The WarwickFBR is a fluidized bed reactor.

PTI targeting Southeast Asia and India rocessing Technologies International LLC, a sheet extrusion machinery maker based in Aurora, Ill., has named two manufacturers' representatives to cover Southeast Asia and India. Kenda Technologies Pte Ltd. in Singapore will serve as a sales agent for PTI in Singapore, Indonesia, Thailand, the Philippines, Malaysia and Vietnam.

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The company, founded n 1978, specializes in distribution and design of automation, testing and measurement and custom instrumentation equipment. Kenda has focused on sheet extrusion, especially online gauging systems, for the last 20 years, according to PTI. Shruti International, based in Mumbai, will cover sales in India. Led by owner Bharat Muchhala, Shruti International represents U.S. and European manufacturers and sells machinery to Indian packaging companies.

F E B R U A R Y 2013


BUSINESS NEWS

Milacron to buy Mold-Masters from 3i achinery firm Milacron is to acquire 100% equity of Canadian hot runner maker MoldMasters for C$975 million.

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This news come against the back of recent reports about UK-based private equity owner of Mold-Masters, 3i, seeking a buyer for the Toronto-based hot runner supplier. Milacron is backed by its private equity investor owner CCMP Capital Advisors. The firms are combining to form a global solutions provider that will include Milacron (Plastics Machinery),

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Mold-Masters (Hot Runners), DME (Mold Base Technologies), Aftermarket (Parts and Service) and CIMCOOL Fluid Technology (Metalworking Fluids and Services). The transformative transaction will amount to each business continuing to focus on the value-added solutions they bring to their respective customers while leveraging the tremendous synergies that exist among all the businesses. The combined entity will provide its customers with market-leading

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technologies, global engineering and R&D leadership. Through their complementary product lines, Milacron and Mold-Masters will be able to offer a broader portfolio of exceptional products and services, providing solutions for customers’ complex plastics needs. Tom Goeke, CEO of Milacron will lead the combined entity with Bill Barker, President and CEO of Mold Masters, to continue to lead that business.

F E B R U A R Y 2013


PRODUCT NEWS

Clariant unveils controlled atmosphere solutions and colorants and addictives lariant, a world leader in specialty chemicals, represented by its Masterbatches Business Unit with business segments Healthcare Packaging has launched controlled atmosphere packaging solutions, ranging from drop-in desiccants to container closure systems, which can help protect pharmaceuticals from damaging moisture and oxygen.

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Masterbatches includes MEVOPUR® colorants and additives for improving aesthetics, processing and functionality in medical device

applications. MEVOPUR USP/ISO standard color range produced with ingredients have been pre-tested to ISO10933 Parts 4,5,10,11,18 and/ USP 23 Part 87 and 88, and available as masterbatch or compounds for medical devices and pharmaceutical packaging.Other products include EQ-Pak® sorbents and ContinuStrip® hole-punch packets. EQ-Pak packets, acting simultaneously as a humectant and desiccant, help ensure that the package environment will not drop below or rise above

DSM’sArnitel creates human touch for consumer electronics rnitel© Eco thermoplastic copolyester from DSM has been used successfully in soft touch surfaces by a world leading manufacturer of consumer electronics. Applied to the surface using a 2K molding technique, enabling cost efficient mass production, Arnitel Eco helps to create an almost skin-like feeling to the surfaces of electronic devices, like notebooks and tablets. The application represents the first use in consumer electronics of this breakthrough material.

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Arnitel Eco is a high performance thermoplastic copolyester (TPC) with 20-50% of its content derived from renewable resources. These P L A S T I C S N E W S

renewable resources are made from rapeseed oil. Arnitel Eco delivers a carbon footprint reduction of up to 50% when compared to classic copolyester solutions, thus supporting the need of brand owners for more sustainable material solutions. Francis Aussems, Project Manager Bio-Polyesters for DSM, says: “In consumer electronics, there is a growing awareness of more sustainable material solutions. DSM is at the forefront with the development of halogen free materials for cables and connectors, the introduction of recycled materials, and, last but not least, the introduction of bio-based polymers like Arnitel Eco and EcoPaXX®.

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specified humidity levels (within stated tolerances, moisture vapor transmission rate and temperature). Where as Continu-Strip® hole-punch packets enable accurate automatic cutting and insertion into pharmaceutical containers with standard packet insertion equipment on the market.

Vision system handles hardto-read labels orcross-based Intravis Incorporation has introduced IntraWatcherPVLC, a new label vision inspection system for checking labels on cylindrical, un-oriented containers. These present a challenge for vision inspection, since you can't guarantee the orientation on conveyor belts, according to Intravis.

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IntraWatcher PVLC is equipped with an optical inspection module that provides a 360-degree view around cylindrical containers. It creates a rollout image, and software straightens the perspective, then compares it to a reference sample. The equipment inspects each container for the presence of a label, identify and positioning. It also detects printing errors, folds and bubbles.

F E B R U A R Y 2013


PRODUCT NEWS

SABIC introducesAntimicrobial compounds to enhance safety of healthcare applications owerful new tools have been introduced to help medical device manufacturers reduce HCAIs among patients and clinicians by SABIC’s Innovative Plastics business. SABIC’s nine new antimicrobial compounds featuring silver technology have been tested for log reduction values – the level of microbes eliminated from a surface – according to the ISO 22196-2007 protocol. They comprise one of the broadest antimicrobial portfolios in the industry and offer distinct advantages over off-the-shelf antimicrobial concentrates combined with third-party resins.SABIC’s portfolio comprises nine different antimicrobial grades across four product families: LEXAN™ EXL copolymer, LEXAN polycarbonate (PC) resin, XENOY™ PC/polybutylene terephthalate (PBT) resin and polypropylene (PP) resins with and without fiberglass

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reinforcement. Five grades have a high antimicrobial effect (log reduction value above 4, representing a 99.99+ percent reduction in pathogens) and four grades have a low antimicrobial effect (log reduction value below 4, representing a 99.0-99.99 percent reduction in pathogens). These options allow customers to select the appropriate formulation depending on whether the end product is a high or lowtouch application. These compounds leverage silver-based antimicrobial technology because silver is a proven performer, well suited to diverse applications and widely accepted as a broad-spectrum antimicrobial, with activity against many pathogens including gram-positive and gramnegative bacteria, mold and fungus. Because they are formulated to be effective at the lowest concentration of silver, SABIC resins may also be more

cost-effective than competitive products. The benefits of SABIC compounding over concentrates include uniform distribution of the additive for better performance and less manufacturing waste. By leveraging multiple material characteristics – such as impact resistance, chemical resistance, custom colors and processability – and their interactions with the additive Potential applications include fluid and drug delivery applications, surgical instruments, monitoring and imaging devices and durable medical equipment such as hospital beds and operating tables. Other potential applications outside of healthcare include consumer electronics, automobile interiors, business equipment such as copiers or ATMs, or any other surface where there is a desire to reduce the potential transference of pathogens

Ferry designs 5-axis CNC Speedmill erry Industries Inc. has introduced the Quintax E5 Speedmill Series of five-axis computer numerically controlled machining

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centers. The E5 Speedmill equipment is designed for plastics, composites and non-ferrous metals. Ferry low-volume production trimming and machining of rotomolded and thermoformed plastic parts, precision composites machining, aluminum mold manufacturing and model/pattern production. Ferry makes the machines at its headquarters plant in Stow. Quintax E5 Speedmill centers

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are available in four sizes, with a machining area ranging from 5 feet by 5 feet by 48 inches up to 6 feet by 15 feet by 48 inches.The machines are fully enclosed for operator safety, improved chip and dust containment. Features include liquid- cooled, high-speed spindles, a travel rate of up to 3,000 inches per minute, volumetric compensation, absolute encoding, harmonic drives on the B and C axis and digital part probe systems.

F E B R U A R Y 2013


PRODUCT NEWS

Ferromatik Milacron India dispatches 7001st injection moulding machine eading Injection Moulding Machine Manufacturer Ferromatik Milacron India has set up a new Milestone for Injection Moulding Machinery Industry by handing over its 7001st Injection Moulding Machine on January 28, 2013 at Ahmedabad.

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Ferromatik Milacron India (FMI) has achieved this greater height due to its Innovative Solutions to keep its Plastics Injection Moulding Machine customers ahead in this competitive arena. Also Product development is a continuous process at FMI to assist

its customers in reducing their overall per piece cost of product & Energy Consumption and thereby increasing their productivity & Reliability. The company said that “Meeting Customer Demand on Time” and “Working Together for Success” is an important part of FMI’s Growth Strategy for Success. Manufacturing Capacity Growth is another focal point at FMI which has resulted into shorter time to manufacture every 1000 numbers of Machines. Ferromatik Milacron India

Automatik launches stand pelletizer utomatik Plastics Machinery GmbH, the sister company of Maag Group, has launched its Primo 200E strand pelletizer. The single side-mounted, dry-cut pelletizer has an extra-wide cutting width of up to 8 inches .A unique cutting geometry provides the shortest unguided length between the fed rolls and treh cut ol the feed rolls and the cut. That enables straight cutting of both hard and very soft plastic strands.

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Primo 200E is especially suited for compounding thermoplastics, for masterbatch production and to produce color concentrates. Cutting tool sets are for hard abrasive and soft flexible plastics. Pellet dimensions can be adjusted quickly using an option al automatic pellet-length adjuster, and a second drive motor for the fed mechanism, with an integrated P L A S T I C S N E W S

speed control. When running abrasive materials at high temperatures, the cantilevered pelletizer can be equipped with an optional, separately driven metal feed roll instead of the standard elastomer roll. Automatik Plastics Machinery officials said the Primo 200E's design makes it a good choice for making micro-quantities of color masterbatches and concentrates, since it is easy to clean, has short retooling times and features a lowdeposit cutting chamber. Another feature: a feed geometry without major deflections, so the strands are not subjected to pretensioning before cutting. That cuts down on longs or dust when running highly fragile polymers like polystyrene or highly filled masterbatches.

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(FMI) is proud to be associated with all its valued customers & respects them as a partner in its success. FMI value their patronage & pray for mutual association to continue forever. Ferromatik Milacron India is part of Milacron LLC, USA, a Global Leader in business areas of Plastics Processing Technologies, Metal Working Fluids and Precision Machining with group revenue in excess of US$ 750 Million supported by manufacturing credentials accrued over 130 years.

Lubrizol extends TPUs for medical applications ubrizol LifeScience Polymers has debuted new thermoplastic polyurethanes with better alcohol and chemical resistance than standard TPUs.

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The new Tecothane polymers are aimed at healthcare and medical applications and extend the range of hardnesses on offer. "Making harder materials available means that our customer can use Techothane Soft TPU in a broader range of applications, including larger catheters and extension tubing," said Lubrizol LifeScience global business manager Ralf

F E B R U A R Y 2013


TECHNOLOGY

DNA-studded plastic film delivers vaccines safely lastic film tattooed with DNA coding may be used to replace traditional vaccines for diseases such as HIV. The effectiveness of DNA coding for viral proteins has been tested successfully in rodents, but no effective delivery mechanism for humans was known.

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In a paper appearing in the January 27 online issue of Nature Materials, MIT researchers describe a new type of vaccine-delivery film that they feel could work and overcome risks associated with use of viruses to vaccinate against some diseases. The new system would also be more stable than vaccines consisting of inactivated viruses that prompt the immune system to defend against it. That approach is considered potentially dangerous with viruses such as HIV. Film-based vaccine delivery would also eliminate the need to inject vaccines by syringe, says Darrell Irvine, an MIT professor of biological engineering and materials science and engineering. "You just apply the patch for a few minutes, take it off and it leaves behind these thin polymer films embedded in the skin," he says. The films are implanted under the skin using microneedles that penetrate about half a millimeterdeep enough to deliver the DNA to immune cells in the epidermis, but not deep enough to cause pain. Once under the skin, the films degrade as they come in contact with water, releasing the vaccine over days or weeks. As the film breaks apart, the DNA strands become tangled up with

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pieces of the polymer, which protect the DNA and help it get inside cells. "We use both biodegradable polyesters (used in resorbable sutures) to make the patch and degradable polyesters plus a photosensitive acrylate in the vaccine coatings themselves," Irvine told Plastics Today. The polymer film also includes an adjuvant--a molecule that helps to boost the immune response. In this case, the adjuvant consists of strands of RNA that resemble viral RNA, which provokes inflammation and recruits immune cells to the area. Irvine and Paula Hammond, the David H. Koch Professor in Engineering, are the senior authors of the Nature Materials paper. Both are members of MIT's David H. Koch Institute for Integrative Cancer Research. The lead author of the paper is Peter DeMuth, a graduate student in biological engineering. According to MIT, scientists have had some recent success delivering DNA vaccines to human patients using a technique called electroporation. This method requires first injecting the DNA under the skin, then using electrodes to create an electric field that opens small pores in the membranes of cells in the skin, allowing DNA to get inside. However, the process can be painful and give varying results, Irvine says. "It's showing some promise but it's certainly not ideal and it's not something you could imagine in a global prophylactic vaccine setting, especially in resource-poor 64

countries," he says. In the new approach, researchers can control how much DNA gets delivered by tuning the number of polymer layers. They can also control the rate of delivery by altering how hydrophobic (water-repelling) the film is. DNA injected on its own is usually broken down very quickly, before the immune system can generate a memory response. When the DNA is released over time, the immune system has more time to interact with it, boosting the vaccine's effectiveness. In tests with mice, the researchers found that the immune response induced by the DNA-delivering film was as good as or better than that achieved with electroporation. To test whether the vaccine might provoke a response in primates, the researchers applied a polymer film carrying DNA that codes for proteins from the simian form of HIV to macaque skin samples cultured in the lab. In skin treated with the film, DNA was easily detectable, while DNA injected alone broke down. "The hope is that that's an indication that this will translate to large animals and hopefully humans," Irvine says. "If you're making a protein vaccine, every protein has its little quirks, and there are manufacturing issues that have to be solved to scale it up to humans. If you had a DNA platform, the DNA is going to behave the same no matter what antigen it's encoding," Irvine says.

F E B R U A R Y 2013


TECHNOLOGY

Medical plastic degrades under low-power NIR alifornia scientists have designed a new photodegradable plastic that has significant implications for medical use.The new material may be used as a drug-containing capsule that can be placed in the human body right nexto tumors or other areas requiring medication.

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The plastic package can then be broken apart when exposed to nearinfrared (NIR) irradiation, releasing the medication right where it's needed. Researchers say it is the first material that is nontoxic that responds effectively to NIR irradiation, which can penetrate almost four inches deep into human tissue. Low-power NIR does not damage body tissues. Previously developed materials only responded to high-power NIR, which can cause damage to cells. Dearth of materials:"Despite

(NIR's) potential for various medical and biological applications, there is a dearth of biomaterials that are responsive at this wavelength region," says Nadezda Fomina, co-author of an article in the Journal of the American Chemical Society. Fomina is a postdoctoral research fellow at the University of California San Diego. She is a polymer chemist with background in conducting materials who is currently focused on synthetic biocompatible materials for detection, treatment and prevention of diseases. Her group designed a polymer that relies on the photodecomposition of multiple pendant 4-bromo7hydroxycoumarin protecting groups to trigger a cascade of reactions leading to the degradation of its polymer backbone. The new material undergoes a 50% Mw loss after 21 minutes of NIR irradiation. Another

potential application is release of therapeutic proteins into the eye to treat macular degeneration. The research work is being done at the Laboratory for Bioresponsive Materials at UC San Diego. Principal investigator is Adah Almutairi, who co-authored the paper on the NIR polymer. "We think there is great potential for use in human patients, allowing previously inaccessible targets sites to be reached for both treatment and diagnosis,� says Almutairi. Additional researchers include Cathryn L. McFearin, Marleen Sermsakdi, and JosÊ M. Morachis. They represent the Skaggs School of Pharmacy, the Jacobs School of Engineering, and Biomedical Sciences Programs at UC San Diego.Funding was provided by an NIH Directors New Innovator Award and King Abdul Aziz City of Science and Technology.

Antibacterial, antifouling polymer coatings to help avoid catheter-associated infections atheters are made of flexible low-toxicity silicon rubber that is prone to colonization by bacteria or other microbes. Once settled, these microbes form a biofilm that provides resistance to antimicrobial agents and the body's immune response. These biofilms are the leading cause of potentially lethal healthcare-related infections.

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To prevent this build-up, or fouling, a team led by Yi-Yan Yang from the P L A S T I C S N E W S

A*STAR Institute of Bioengineering and Nanotechnology (IBN) has developed a simple and effective method to modify the rubber surface of catheter tubing. The team altered the silicon rubber using antimicrobial and antifouling copolymers consisting of a polyethylene glycol (PEG) polymer linked to a strand of polycarbonate polymer. The polycarbonate strand was composed of positively charged hydrophilic and hydrophobic units,

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or monomers. Adopting a cleverly low-effort strategy, the team modified the rubber surface with a reactive substance known as dopamine, and then simply dipped the pre-coated surface in a solution containing the polymer precursors to anchor the copolymer chains. The researchers determined the antibacterial and antifouling performance of the coatings by incubating the multidrug-resistant F E B R U A R Y 2013


TECHNOLOGY Staphylococcus aureus Gram-positive bacteria with the treated rubber. All coatings exhibited antifouling properties thanks to their flexible and bulky PEG portions, which prevented microbial cells from approaching the rubber surface. Furthermore, only coatings that contained hydrophobic

monomers in the positively charged polycarbonate killed bacteria in solution. This highlights the importance of these monomers, which may insert into bacterial membranes and thereby enhance the interaction between polymer and bacteria. Noting that

very few red blood cells ruptured upon contact with the coatings, Yang says that there was no blood protein adsorption or platelet adhesion on the treated surface—proof of the excellent blood compatibility of the polymer

Euromap New antibacterial polymer developed Recommendation on energy for sportswear, diapers, bandages efficiency remove unpleasant odors from esearchers at KTH Royal

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Institute of Technology have discovered an antibacterial polymer that can be used in everyday products such as sportswear, diapers and bandages, without causing resistant bacteria. “We have managed to find an antibacterial polymer that attaches stably to cellulose and therefore cannot be released into the environment,” says Josefin Illergård, a chemistry researcher at KTH. The discovery could be an important breakthrough in the search for environmentally-friendly ways to control bacteria while preventing antibiotic resistance and resistant bacteria. The team’s discovery is based on cellulose fibres embedded in a polymer, which kills bacteria. Cellulose is the most common organic substance in nature and the primary structural component of plant cell walls. The active polymer is so strongly bonded to the fibres of the cellulose material that it does not loosen or leak into the environment via water. Antibacterial agents such as triclosan and silver ions are commonly used in sportswear and shoes to P L A S T I C S N E W S

bacteria formation. But such biocides leak into the environment when the treated garments or surfaces are washed, raising the risk that bacteria will gradually become resistant to their effect. “If someone uses a cloth to wipe a countertop treated with antibacterial agents, and that cloth is rinsed in the sink, those substances are then spread further through the drain and into the environment where they can contaminate soil and water and give rise to bacterial resistance,” Illergård says. She says that bacteria must come in direct contact with the material for the antibacterial process to work. Because polymer has a positive charge and bacteria a negative charge, the new material actually attracts bacteria, she says. The material does not contain large amounts of polymer; and only non-toxic nitrogen oxides remain after it is burned. Nevertheless, the team’s goal for the future is to continue the research and try to replace the antibacterial polymer with an entirely renewable material 66

nergy efficiency in plastics and rubber processing machinery is a primary goal of the European manufacturers and is an Euromap (European Association for Plastics and Rubber Machinery) topical subject in their initiatives program.

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The European machinery manufacturers have prepared the Euromap 60 Recommendation - published on January 30, 2013 - that provides users of these machines with a unique reference document, thanks to which it is possible to compare the energy consumption according to standardized parameters and measurements. The Italian injection moulding machinery manufacturers, within Assocomaplast, have actively participated in the drafting of the Euromap 60 Recommendation (splitted in two parts: 60.1 and 60.2) and they are preparing a new Recommendation on extrusion-blow moulding machines for hollow parts.

F E B R U A R Y 2013


IN THE NEWS

AAM urges Obama to further help U.S. manufacturing he Obama administration must take further steps to promote U.S. manufacturing and create manufacturing jobs, the Alliance of American Manufacturing (AAM) told President Barack Obama in a Feb. 5 letter.The letter, signed by AAM Executive Director Scott Paul, praised the president for initiatives such as the Advanced Manufacturing Partnership, the National Network for Manufacturing Innovation and the Interagency Trade Enforcement Center.

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"Taken together, these initiatives could represent forward progress, but we urge you to adopt a more comprehensive vision as American manufacturing continues to face enormous challenges," Paul wrote."While America is no longer shedding 40,000 manufacturing jobs each month, as we did for most of

the last decade, we are not growing nearly enough in terms of domestic production, employment, and our global share of exports," he said.Paul recommended a number of actions the Obama administration could take, including: •

Giving American businesses new tools to fight currency manipulation, industrial subsidies, intellectual property theft and barriers to market access in other countries;

Convening a multilateral meeting to address global trade imbalances, and designating China as a currency manipulator if it refuses to participate;

Applying "Buy America" provisions to all federal procurement and federalaid infrastructure projects, and directing the Defense Department

to leverage existing procurement to contractors that pledge to increase domestic content; •

Working with congressional leaders to pass long-term infrastructure of at least $500 billion over six years; and

Rebuilding U.S. vocational and technical training programs to address potential shortages of qualified workers in the manufacturing sector.

According to its website, the AAM is a non-profit, non-partisan partnership formed in 2007 "by some of America's leading manufacturers and the United Steelworkers to explore common solutions to challenging public policy topics such as job creation, infrastructure investment, international trade and global competitiveness."

Haldia Petrochem rejects conversion of loan into equity he management of Haldia Petrochemicals Ltd (HPL), led by the West Bengal government, has rejected lenders’ demand for conversion of a part of their Rs.4,000 crore loans to the company into equity.

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The state expects to conclude the sale of its 40% stake in the firm by 30 June. Partha Chatterjee, the firm’s chairman and the state’s commerce and industries minister said that lenders would have to wait for up to eight months for the conversion, and P L A S T I C S N E W S

that lenders will be able to get a better deal on the conversion of shares if

they wait till the sale of West Bengal’s stake in HPL.

Plastics Park at Indore ndian Plast Pack Forum and Audyogik Kendra Vikas Nigam (AKVN) Madhya Pradesh is to built a Plastics park in Indiore,

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According to report Indian Plast Pack forum is in talks with AKVN, Indore for developing a Plastic Park/Cluster of Plastic Processing

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Industries in and around Indore or Pithampur. It is also learnt that AKVN, Indore has, in principle, agreed to earmark a piece of land for Plastics, Packagings & Printing Park at Village : Digthan, District : Dhar

F E B R U A R Y 2013


IN THE NEWS

Plastic bag bans get mixed reviews in Brazil esidents of São Paulo, the world's eighth most populous city, has squashed a new state law eliminating free plastic grocery bags, loved locally as mini trash can liners. But a growing number of smaller cities around the country have embraced similar laws, and a handful of other Brazilian states introduced plastic bag bans in late 2012 that have held firm.

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São Paulo state's plastic grocery bag ban, introduced in January 2012 after being agreed to in May 2011 by the state's governor and supermarket trade association, kicked off a tug of war last year between consumers. The habit of carrying cloth bags or pulling small metal carts to weekly neighborhood produce fairs is ingrained for most Brazilians, and it was assumed transitioning this custom to grocery stores would come easy. When the law took effect on Jan. 25, 2012, all grocery stores in the state had to offer customers heavy-

duty reusable bags for purchase, biodegradable plastic bags sold at cost for BRL0.19 (US$0.10), or cardboard boxes for free, if the store had them available. Free plastic bags were no longer available. Goias state's recently passed law, which will take effect in June, requires all food vendors to offer only biodegradable plastic bags at no cost to shoppers, or face thousands of dollars in fines. Espirito Santo state passed a similar law in late 2012. The supermarkets association of neighboring Minas Gerais state won a January injunction in federal court to retain the option of charging BRL0.19 per biodegradable bag. The federal judge said that charging for bags would encourage consumers to make more environmentally conscious choices, and when a conflict arises between environmental protection and consumer choice, the court should favor the environment.

e-waste could create up to 42,000 U.S. jobs lectronic waste were processed by U.S. recyclers instead of being landfilled or sent overseas, a study commissioned by the Coalition for American Electronics Recycling found. Using numbers from the U.S. EPA, the study estimates that 3.6 billion pounds per year of e-waste are landfilled, processed by CAER nonmembers or exported,

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representing 21,000 full-time recycling jobs and 21,000 indirect jobs. Restricting the export of that waste – and keeping it out of landfills – could create tens of thousands of new jobs.The Coalition for American Electronics Recycling includes 82 U.S. companies operating about 158 electronics processing facilities.

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Others have declined to follow the trend. Parana state Gov. Beto Richa vetoed a bill in early 2012 that would have banned non-biodegradable plastic bags, proposing instead for funding public education efforts to gradually reduce plastic bag use over the next decade, voluntarily.

Wisconsin landfills worth $64 million n estimated $64 million worth of recyclable plastic is landfilled annually in Wisconsin, a new study by the state's Department of Natural Resources reported.

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The study was conducted to find actions that could be taken to capture more plastic as a means for economic and job growth. The study emphasizes the potential to increase recycling of plastic bags and other film plastics, as well as rigid plastics, the DNR said. As a result, the agency has already agreed to launch a pilot program on recycling of flexible film packaging."Increasing plastics recycling in the state will open the door for greater economic and job development particularly through expansion of existing business but also in creation of new business," said Dan Krivit, senior project manager for Foth and co-author of the report, in a statement.

F E B R U A R Y 2013


EVENTS

Events and Exhibitions Plastics Events & Exhibitions February-March 2013 PRINTPACK INDIA 2013 India Expo Centre & Mart, Greater Noida 23rd - 28th Feb 2013 PRINTPACK INDIA 2013 will cater to complete market supply for the printing, packaging and media . Major as well as small companies will mark their presence. The event will be provide a panoramic view of the Indian Graphic Arts Industry .

International Fair of Plastics & Rubber Processing 05th - 07th March 2013 Poznan International Fair Grounds Poznan, Poland International Fair of Plastics and Rubber Processing (EPLA) is the specialized international trade exhibition for the Plastic and Rubber Processing industry. Profile for exhibit includes Plastics and rubber industry machinery, equipment and tools, Finished and semi finished plastics and rubber products, Additives and components in the manufacture and processing of rubber and plastics, Technologies in processing of rubber and plastics, Recycling of rubber and plastic waste, Work health and safety. More than one hundred exhibitors, both domestic and foreign, are expected. All are expecting the arrival of special association missions of foreign processing representatives from such countries as Germany, Spain, Sweden, France, Japan, Egypt, etc..

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PLAS PRINT PACK PAKISTAN 2013:

Pro-Plas Expo South Africa

8th -10th March 2013 Lahore Expo Centre

12th - 15th March 2013 Expo Centre Johannesburg South Africa

Profile for exhibit includes Processing Machines, Moulding Machines, Machinery & Plant for Finishing, Decorating, Printing & Marking, Controlling & Testing Equipment, Chemicals, Raw Materials & Auxiliaries, Digital & Silk Screen Printing & Scanning, Printing Materials, Printing Machineries & Equipments, Numbering Units & Machines, Drying & Folding Machines, Packaging Machinery, Bottling Plants, Fillers, Paper, Paper Products, Boards, Corrugated Boxes, Adhesives & Sealants.

JEC Composite Show 2013 12th - 14th March, Paris –France. The JEC Composites Show hosts a large number of regional and international pavilions, such as Germany (Bavaria, Saxony, North Rhine Westphalia), France (Aquitaine, Charente Maritime, Pays de la Loire, Picardie), Canada, China, Czech Republic, Hungary, Great Britain, India, Italy, Malaysia, Morocco, the USA, and Wallonia. National trade organizations from all over the world, including the Asia-Pacific region with Australia, China, India, Japan, South Korea, Thailand and Taiwan are also represented.

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Proplas Africa is an international regional-leading Plastics trade fair. exhibit inlcudes : Blow Moulding and Injection Moulding Machinery, Chillers, Converting Equipment, Extrusion Equipment, Feeders, Processing Aids, Recycling Equipment, Various materials

KOPLAS 2013 Korea- South Korea 12th- 16th March Koplas is an international exhibition for plastic and rubber industry. Korea International Plastics Rubber Show (KOPLAS 2013) is a premium exhibition providing the latest and the best in plastic materials for all manufacturing and processing industries alike. It is known to be the leading specialized exhibition of its kind. Profile for exhibit include Machines and Equipment, Automation and Quality Control, Moulds and Tools, Raw Material and Chemical Products, Plastics Transformers and Finished and Semi-Finished Plastic Products, Enviroment and Recycling, Entities, Asociations, Banks, Services and Publications, Rubber.

F E B R U A R Y 2013


Mamata Machinery. ....................................................................................................................................... cover Madhu Machines & Systems ...............................................................................................................inside cover R. R. Plast Extrusions ..............................................................................................................................Fan Fold Anupam Heaters...................................................................................................................................................5 Polymechplast ......................................................................................................................................................6 GMS Plastic Machinery. .......................................................................................................................................8 Ferromatik Milacron. .............................................................................................................................................9 FITCO .................................................................................................................................................................10 Merit Polyplast ....................................................................................................................................................12 Reifenhauser India Ltd. ......................................................................................................................................14 Plastivision India 2013 ........................................................................................................................................26 Pramukh Poly Products ......................................................................................................................................38 Reliance Polymers..............................................................................................................................................45 Vodafone ............................................................................................................................................................46 Boolani Engineering ...........................................................................................................................................47 KABRA Extrusion Technik Ltd. . .........................................................................................................................48 Vora Packaging. .................................................................................................................................................49 Organization of Plastics Processors of India ......................................................................................................50 Chinaplas 2013...................................................................................................................................................51 Andritz Biax . ......................................................................................................................................................52 Daman Polymers ................................................................................................................................................60 Mipalloy ......................................................................................................................................Inside back cover Rajoo Engineers ................................................................................................................................... Back cover

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F E B R U A R Y 2013


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