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Class.................

UNIT 3

INDEFINITE ARTICLES = ARTÍCULOS INDETERMINADOS A

AN

We use 'a' with words beginning with a

We use 'an' with words beginning with a

consonant: a bag, a cat, a dog, a frog, a

vowel: an alligator, an elephant, an ostrich,

kite, a pen, a teacher...

an umbrella...

You always write 'a(n)' in front of jobs (profesiones). Here there is a list of jobs. Where do these people work? A teacher

…............................

A doctor

…............................

A pilot

…............................

A waiter

…............................

A nurse

…............................

An architect

…............................

PLACES IN A CITY (Lugares en una ciudad). Write 'a' or 'an' …........ airport …...... bank …....... church

…...... bus station

…...... supermarket

…...... cinema

…..... hospital

…....... bookshop

…...... park

…...... swimming pool …....... museum

…...... restaurant

…...... school

…...... zoo

…...... art gallery

…....... sports centre

HOW DO YOU GO TO SCHOOL? (=¿Cómo vas al colegio?) I go by car. I go by train. I go by bus. I go on* foot. I go by taxi. I go by van. What is the rule? ….............................................................................................................. ….......................................................................................................................................... Order alphabetically these MEANS OF TRANSPORT (medios de transporte): car, van, bus, helicopter, motorbike, bycicle, car, taxi, lorry, boat, ambulance, train, tube. …............................................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................................................ In your notebook, translate into English: 1. Voy a Logroño en coche.

4. Voy al colegio andando.

2. Voy a Madrid en autobús.

5. Voy al museo en metro.

3. Voy a Barcelona en tren.

6. Voy al supermercado en camión.


PLURAL NOUNS - we add '-s' at the end of the word: a book --- four books

a cake --- four cakes

- if it finishes in '-s', '-sh', '-x' or '-o', it adds '-es' REGULAR NOUNS

a bus -- two buses ; a box -- four boxes ; a tomato -- four tomatoes

- if it finishes in 'consonant+y', it changes to '-ies' a baby ---- four babies

a cherry ---- four cherries

- if it finishes in 'vowel+y', it adds '-s' a toy ---- four toys

a monkey ---- four monkeys

These nouns have a special form for the plural that we need to IRREGULAR NOUNS

learn by heart: a child --- two children a tooth ---- two teeth

a foot ---- two feet

a man ---- two men

a woman ---- two women

Write the plural: A traffic light

Two …......................

A bus

Seven …..................

A traffic sign

three …....................

A train

Eight .….................

A child

four …......................

A plane

Nine ….....................

A car

five ….......................

A taxi

Ten ….......................

A bike

six …........................

A woman

Eleven …..................

PRESENT = HAY Singular

Plural

Positive

There is a... park. There is an... elephant. (= There's a(n)...)

There are some... cinemas.

Negative

There isn't a(n)

There aren't any... theatres.

Questions

Is there … a supermarket?

Are there... two banks?

Yes, there is. No, there isn't.

Yes, there are. No, there aren't.

Short answers

Circle the correct answer: 1. There is / are a plane in the sky. 2. There is / are four ants on the grass. 3. There is / are a sandwich in the bag. 4. There is / are some blond students in the class.


In your notebook, translate into English: 1. Hay un banco.

5. Hay algunas tiendas.

2. No hay una librería.

6. No hay ninguna estación de autobuses.

3. Hay un aeropuerto.

7. ¿Hay una bolera?

4. No hay una galería de arte.

8. ¿Hay tres cines?

PAST = HABÍA Singular

Plural

Positive

There was a... park. There was an... elephant.

There were some bikes.

Negative

There wasn't a(n)...

There weren't any... tcars.

Questions

Was there … a supermarket?

Were there... two banks?

Yes, there was. No, there wasn't.

Yes, there were. No, there weren't.

Short answers

Circle the correct answer: 1. In 1500 there were / weren't any computers. 2. In 1500 there were / was a market. 3. In 1500 there were / was any cybercafes. 4. In 1500 there weren't / wasn't any hospitals. In your notebook, translate into English: 1. Había una iglesia.

5. Había algunas tiendas.

2. No había un hospital.

6. No había ningún aeropuerto.

3. Había un hotel.

7. ¿Había un polideportivo?

4. No había un zoológico.

8. ¿Hay cuatro restaurantes?

PREPOSITIONS OF PLACE (PREPOSICIONES DE LUGAR)


Translate into English: 1. Hay una lagartija encima de la mesa.

5. Hay varios perros delante de la puerta.

2. No hay un gato debajo de la silla.

6. No hay tres monos detrás de la tele.

3. Hay unos pájaros por encima de la silla.

7. ¿Hay un elefante al lado del armario?

4. No hay unas hormigas dentro de la caja.

8. Hay dos tortugas en la piscina.

Write sentences using 'there is' and a preposition of place:

1. …............................................................................................................................................. 2. …............................................................................................................................................. 3. …............................................................................................................................................. 4. …............................................................................................................................................. 5. …............................................................................................................................................. 6. …............................................................................................................................................. QUESTION WORDS Who?

How?

How many? Which?

¿Quién? ¿Cómo? ¿Cuántos?

¿Cuál?

What? ¿Qué?

Where?

When?

¿Dónde? ¿Cuándo?

Match: 1. Who is your teacher?

a. I am fifteen.

2. Where is La Rioja?

b. There are thirteen.

3. How are you?

c. My teacher is Miss Hannah.

4. When is your birthday?

d. It is on April.

5. How many boys are there in class?

e. Mount Everest.

6. Why are you wearing a tracksuit?

d. It is in Spain.

7. What colour are your eyes?

e. They are brown.

8. Which is the highest mountain?

f. Because we've got P.E. Class.

Why? ¿Por qué?


Unit 3 grammar surprise 5