AgroBiz.org explains CEDAW Treaty

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Toward Ratification:

CEDAW The Treaty Provisions Summarized


The Treaty for the Rights of Women is compatible with the U.S. Constitution and most U.S. laws except as noted in reservations, understandings, and declarations. No enforcement authority is granted to the United Nations or any other organization despite the use of words such as "mandate," "require," and "obligate." A periodic report and review process is all that is required. Whenever domestic laws differ from the Treaty, countries may express "reservations, understandings, and declarations. The Treaty Provisions Summarized


Article 1

Defends discrimination against women as "distinction, exclusion, or restriction made on the basis of sex, which has the effect or purpose of impairing or nullifying the recognition, enjoyment, or exercise by women, irrespective of marital status, on the basis of equality between men and women, of human rights or fundamental freedoms in the political, economic, social, cultural, civil, or any other field." The Treaty Provisions Summarized


Article 2 It urges countries to condemn discrimination in all forms and to establish legal frameworks, including laws, policies, and practices that provide protection against discrimination and uphold equality.

The Treaty Provisions Summarized


Article 3 Guarantees the human rights of women in civil, political, economic, social, and cultural spheres.

The Treaty Provisions Summarized


Article 4 Aims for the acceleration of equality by allowing countries to take "temporary special measures"

The Treaty Provisions Summarized


Article 5 Affirms the need for cultural change as well as family education to appreciate the social function of motherhood and the shared responsibility of raising children.

The Treaty Provisions Summarized


Article 6 Obligates countries to take measures to suppress trafficking in women and the exploitation of prostitution of women.

The Treaty Provisions Summarized


Article 7 Ensures the equal rights of women to vote, to be elected, to be involved in policy formulation, to hold office, and to participate in associations and nongovernmental organizations. Ends discrimination against women in political and public life.

The Treaty Provisions Summarized


Article 8 Equal representation for women of their governments at the international level must be ensured.

The Treaty Provisions Summarized


Article 9 Women and their children have the same rights to acquire, change, or retain their nationality as men.

The Treaty Provisions Summarized


Article 10 Ensures equal access to education in all countries, including international professional training, curricula, and other means of equal education, and eliminates gender stereotypes.

The Treaty Provisions Summarized


Article 11 Ensures that discrimination in the workplace is end, including the right to work and access to employment opportunities, equal remuneration, the freedom to choose profession and employment, social security, health protection (including maternal health) and ending discrimination on the basis of marriage and maternity.

The Treaty Provisions Summarized


Article 12 Aims to eliminate discrimination in health care, including access to family planning services.

The Treaty Provisions Summarized


Article 13 Requires that women be ensured the same rights as men in all areas of social and economic life, such as family benefits, mortgages, bank loans, and participation in recreational activities and sports.

The Treaty Provisions Summarized


Article 14 Aimed at rural women who face specific problems, including access to credit, health care, and education, as well as participation in development planning.

The Treaty Provisions Summarized


Article 15 Countries are obliged to take steps to guarantee equality before the law in such areas as contracts, property administration, and residence choice.

The Treaty Provisions Summarized


Article 16 Ensures equality in marriage, including equal rights for men to choose a spouse freely; equal rights and responsibilities for children, including the right to choose the number and spacing of children and to have the resources to do so; and equal rights to property.

The Treaty Provisions Summarized


Article 17 Calls for establishment of the Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) that will evaluate progress made in implementation of the Treaty.

The Treaty Provisions Summarized


Article 18 Establishes a schedule for ratifying countries to report to the committee on progress.

The Treaty Provisions Summarized


Article 19 Establishes the ability of CEDAW to adopt rules of procedure and sets a twoyear term for its officers.

The Treaty Provisions Summarized


Article 20 Sets annual CEDAW meetings to review countries' reports.

The Treaty Provisions Summarized


Article 21 Directs CEDAW to report annually to the General Assembly through the Economic and Social Council of the United Nations and to make suggestions and general recommendations based on the countries' reports.

The Treaty Provisions Summarized


Article 22 Allows for specialized agencies of the UN to be represented and for CEDAW to invite reports from them.

The Treaty Provisions Summarized


Article 23-30 Set forth how the Treaty operates, including the procedure for coming into effect, the scope of permissible reservations, and the process for resolving disputes between countries.

The Treaty Provisions Summarized


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