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ET-struct T r a ns-national Invent ory N e w S k il l s f o r N e w Jobs ( h t t p : / / w w w .e t s t r u ct.eu)

The project is implemented through the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF.


Partners

The European Office, Vienna Board of Education (AT) Vienna Business Agency (AT) Ministry of Education, Science and Culture Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Schwerin (DE) Training and Education Centre of Trade and Industry, Schwerin (DE) The City of Hranice (CZ) The Secondary Technical School Hranice (CZ) The Statuary City of Karvina (CZ) The University of Economy in Bydgoszcz (PL) Lower Silesian Vocational Information and Teachers Training Centre in Wałbrzych (PL) Regional Development Agency of Gorenjska BSC (Business support centre Ltd) Kranj (SI) Institution for Adult Education Kočevje (SI) Development and Education Centre Novo mesto (SI) CNA Modena - National Confederation of Crafts and Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises, Modena (IT) Agency of Vocational Training, Modena Formazione (IT) Region of Veneto, Department of Labour, Venice (IT) ENAIP VENETO Regional Agency of Vocational Training, Padua (IT) Association of Students-Economists of Zakarpattya (ASEZ) (UA)


Contents CAP 1: Regional Surveys: Summary

03

1.1 Vienna

03

1.2 Mecklenburg-Vorpommern

10

1.3 Olomouc region

18

1.4 Moravskoslezsky kraj

25

1.5 Bygosko-Toruński Subregion

32

1.6 Walbrzyski region

39

1.7 Gorenjska Slovenija

46

1.8 Jugovzhodna Slovenija

54

1.9 Province of Modena

63

1.10 Veneto Region

70

1.11 Zakarpattya Region

77

CAP 2: The “ET-struct region”: a common Environment

84

2.1 Statistical indicators

84

2.2 Education / Training Demand

93

2.3 Education / Training Offer

98

2.4 Impact of the Education / Training Offer

CAP 3: ET-Inventory - “New Skills for New Jobs”

102

114

3.1 Vienna

114

3.2 Mecklenburg-Vorpommern

116

3.3 Olomoucky region

117

3.4 Moravskoslezsky kraj

119

3.5 Bygosko-Toruński Subregion

120

3.6 Walbrzyski region

122

3.7 Gorenjska Slovenija

123

3.8 Jugovzhodna Slovenija

128

3.9 Province of Modena

131

3.10 Veneto Region

133

3.11 Zakarpattya Region

136

Annexes

137

01 The project is implemented through the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF.


Introduction The project “ET-struct” focuses on an area that is “critical to growth and employment potential”. It aims to address a general lack of coherence between “the connection of the educational system to the leading edge of technology and business practices”, fostering “matching processes” across the interfaces of: (1) policy-making (2) economy/labour market (3) education/training. The partnership concentrates on this triple helical link and sets up permanent territorial management structures (“ET-Management”), which organisationally link the relevant policy-making, economic and educational partners/stakeholders to match and optimise work force qualifications with the needs of regional economies in an innovative, ongoing, dynamic, flexible, systemic process. These structures are linked at transnational level in a meta-structure (“ET-Joint-Management”). This means: the many players involved in policy-making, economic development and education will work together regionally and at the same time at a transnational level with counterparts in other CE regions. In the context of Cohesion policy this will: 1.

promote a “stronger integration of the territory” by supporting “the balanced and sustainable development of the territory”;

2.

reduce “barrier effects through cross-border cooperation and exchange of best practices”. The project idea, developed, tested and implemented during the project lifetime, will be transferable to any other CE region.

WP 3 (“ET-Inventory”) is the “reference framework” for the main objectives, types of actions and core outputs of the project and provides the content-related basis for the following Work Packages. Based on existing methodologies and studies on the relationship between labour markets and the regional economies, an extensive transnational inventory was compiled. On the one hand, it focuses on the kinds of personal, vocational, linguistic, social skills and competences that are needed for a successful vocational life (“new-skills-for-new-jobs”). On the other hand, it takes into account the concrete current and predicable future economic situations of the involved partner regions. As already mentioned, it serves as the reference framework for WP4 – the development of two trans-national tools. In particular this ET Inventory has been implemented following the rationale and structure already defined in the very first draft of the Catalogue of Trans-national Inventory Criteria1 and the following Regional Surveys which have been implemented for each involved PP region.

Rationale of the Trans-national Inventory As already explained, the “ET-struct Trans-national Inventory” works as a reference knowledge tool supporting the following Work-Packages (starting from WP4) and as a basic opportunity for all 10 NUTS III regions involved in the project, to get better insight into the regions, not only in the education and training fields. This document has no intention to replace existing knowledge management tools at national or European level (such as EuroStat and Euridice). On the contrary, based on the Regional Surveys implemented by all the PPs, the analysis builds on their data , trying to get a more specific and detailed picture of the 10 regions. The real “knowledge value” of the ET-struct Trans-national Inventory, in comparison to the already existing EU knowledge tools and data, is comprised in the NUTS III level target regions under review, in 6 out of 8 countries involved in the CE Programme: their type, size and quality. Thanks to this document all the partners (and all their relevant local/regional stakeholders) will have the opportunity to get to know and understand the ET-struct region’s environment, difficulties and potentials in the field of education and economy.

1  According to the Application form, the Catalogue served as basic WP3 tool for the definition of comparison criteria which have been used by PPs for the implementation of their Regional Survey and for the very final “image” of the Trans-national Inventory.

02 The project is implemented through the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF.


CAP 1: Regional Surveys: Summary This chapter provides a very first summary of all the most relevant statistics recorded in each single Regional Survey according to the specific knowledge needs necessary for the following project Work Packages. The data collected2 represents the background for the aggregate analysis and benchmarking in the next chapter.

1.1 Vienna 1.1.1 Legal Framework Chart summarising the picture of the education / training in the region / country3

2  According to a common and shared structure for all the Regional Surveys. 3  For more details over the national / regional education & training system please refer to the Regional Survey.

03 The project is implemented through the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF.


1.1.2 Statistical Indicators4 Population (2010)

1,706,672

Population Growth Forecast (2011)

0.55 %

Migration inflow Growth Rate

Constant (no growth of the growth), but growth due to migration is approx. 0.55 %

Migrant persons

32.3 % (people with a migration background, 2008) 20.7 % (foreign citizens, 2010)

Migrants’ countries of origin

1) Serbia, Montenegro, Kosovo (73,644) 2) Turkey (42,325) 3) Germany (20,024)

Unemployment rate 2010

8 % - Growth Rate 2009-2010: + 0.5 %

Employment rate (age group 15-64)

67 %

Regional sector specialisations 2009

1) Agriculture (0.1 %)

(% of regional total employment: agriculture + industry + services = 100)

2) Industry (14.7 %)

Employment types of contracts

Open-ended contracts 2009: 2,227,611 (63.1 %)

3) Services (82.2 %) Growth Rate 2008-2009: -1.1 % (Austria-wide data!) Fixed-term job contracts (except apprenticeship) 2009: 5.3 % Growth Rate 2008-2009: +0.14 % (share of all employees) / +2.8 % (total number) Austria-wide data! Apprenticeship or youth employment contract 2009: 18,829 (Vienna) 3.7 % (Austria) Growth Rate 2008-2009: +2.9 % (Vienna) Other contracts including staff engaged under atypical contracts (not employees): 36.9 % Growth Rate 2009-2010: +1.1 % (Austria-wide data)

Regional employment rate by gender

Women: 432,773 Growth Rate Nov. 2009 - Nov. 2010: +1.5 % Men: 431,872 Growth Rate Nov. 2009 - Nov. 2010: +2.4 %

National employment by gender

Employment rate 2010: 72.6 % (4,147,500) Women: 67,1 % - Men 78.2 % Growth Rate 2009-2010: +0.3 %

Migrant workers (foreign citizens)

17,9 % of total employees (2008) Growth Rate 2007-2008: +1.2 %

Regional GDP per capita 2008

44,700 Euro (131,5 % of national GDP per capita)

Regional Income 2008

24,000 Euro per capita Growth Rate 2007-2008: +3.9 %

4  The data here collected must be the most recent ones (please specify the year) and anyway in line with all the statistics of the Regional Survey. This document is not intended to replace the official statistic sources at national or European level but rather attempts to create a significant detailed picture of the ET-struct region as a whole, starting from the information already available.

04 The project is implemented through the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF.


VAT Registered Enterprises

100,036 (2008) - Growth Rate 2007-2008: +0.14 %

Enterprise size class:

1-9 employees: 45,916 enterprises (84.7 %) 10-49 employees: 6,540 (12.1 %) 50-249 employees: 1,420 (2,6 %) 250 and more employees: 315 (0.6 %)

Production

Production for national market (80.4 %) Production value 60,341.1 Mio (Euro) Growth Rate 2007-2008: + 4 %

Export

Export production (19.6 %) Production value 14,707.9 Mio (Euro) Growth Rate 2007-2008: -0.4 %

Main export areas

EU27 (72 % in 2008) Production value 10,589.7 Mio (Euro) Growth Rate 2007-2008: -2.2 % Non EU27 (28 % in 2008)

Regular use of Internet (percentage of persons who accessed the Internet, on average, at least once a week) 2008

75 %

Regular use of computer (percentage of persons who use pc, on average, at least once a week) 2008

79 %

Regional Total R&D expenditure as a percentage of GDP (all sector)

3.62 % (2007)

National total R&D expenditure as a percentage of GDP (all sector)

1.84 %

Researchers as a percentage of persons employed

2.89 %

No. of students in all levels of education, as a percentage of total population

24.45 %

Educational attainment level (percentage of the population aged 25–64 having completed tertiary education)

24.2 %

Accommodation capacity (number of bed places by type of accommodation)

53,493 beds in 2009

Average length of stay of foreign tourists (Hotels + extra hotels)

2.28 days

Active farms (No. and percentage per 1.000 inhabitants)

1105 - 0.65 %

Percentage of cultivated area, agro-food production export

14.8 %, 1,049.8 Mio. Euro

Socio-economic Growth Rate 2010-2011

GDP per capita growth rates: 2010: +1.8 % 2011: +1.8 /+2 %

Growth Rate 2006-07: +0.27 %

05 The project is implemented through the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF.


1.1.3 Education / Training demand5 Occupational need expected forecast 2011

New hirings: 2.7 (per company, on average) Dismissals: 0

Enterprises expecting to hire new employees

57.5 %

Enterprises expecting to hire new employees (size class)

1-9: 20 % of companies will hire on average 1.5 employees. 10-49: 25 % of companies, 1.75 p. 50-249: 71.4 % of companies, 2.25 p. 250-499: 66.7 % of companies, 5.5 p. 500 and over: 100 %, 4.7 p.

Most sectors involved

1) Retail & Sales: 5.7 new employees (48 %) NACE classification 52 2) Health: 2.6 (16 %) NACE classification 85 3) Construction: 1.9 (22 %) NACE classification 45

Employment forecast Main reasons for hiring people

Replacement of employees leaving the company ____% Increasing demand 45 % Need to improve company’s quality and efficiency 22.7 % Opening new branches or departments 13.6 % Need to expand sales, find new markets 22.7 % Need to develop new products or services 4.5 %

Main reasons not to hire people

Enough employees 88 % Can not recruit because of budget constraints 5.9 % Lack of sufficient space 5.9 %

Main involved sectors in new hirings

1) Retail & Sales: 5.7 new employees (48 %) NACE classification 52 2) Health: 2.6 (16 %) NACE classification 85 3) Construction: 1.9 (22 %) NACE classification 45

Hirings forecast in 2010 - professional group (%)

1) Sales Personnel (50 %) ISCO classification (5)

ISCO-08 Major Groups

2) Technicians (32 %) ISCO classification (3)

Managers

3) Craft and related trade workers (17 %) ISCO classification (7)

Professionals Technicians and associate professionals Office Clerks Service and sales workers Skilled agricultural, forestry and fishery workers Craft and related trades workers Plant and machine operators, and assemblers Elementary occupations

5  The data here collected are the same as elaborated by Questionnaire I.

06 The project is implemented through the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF.


New hirings education and experiences required

No 13.6 % Yes 86.4 % - If Yes Secondary education 15.8 % Post-secondary education 15.8 % Vocational training 68.4 % (Health sector: Registered nurses have vocational education)

Main skills required (as from the Q1 list)

1) Relational skills (97.5 %) 2) Ability to work in groups (97.5 %) 3) Speaking skills/ Ability to convey information effectively (97.5 %)

Companies that organize training

85 % of total no. of companies

Size class

1-9 employees: 70 % 10-49 employees: 87.5 % 50 employees and more: 95.4 %

Main sectors involved

1) Health (90 %) 2) IT / Retail & Sales/Construction (70 %)

Main sources for enterprises’ job recruitment

Size Class 1-9 employees

1) Direct contact with employers/employees

1) Direct contact with employees (60 %)

2) University/School database search

2) Job Center (20 %)

3) Resume (curricula vitae) received from candidates

3) Websites, Newspapers (10 % each)

4) Internships /stage 5) Employers/employees Federations

Size Class 10-49 employees

6) Job Center

1) Direct contact with employees (62.5 %)

7) Recruitment Agency

2) Newspapers, Job Center, CVs (12.5 % each)

8) Job search companies (i.e. Adecco) 9) News- papers

Size Class 50 employees and more

10) Web sites – internet – Eures

1) Direct contact with employees (28.6 %) 2) Newspapers (23.8 %) 3) Websites (14.3 %)

07 The project is implemented through the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF.


1.1.4 Education / Training Offer Number of Institutions Secondary Education

Number of students6 (in the last Academic year)

213

89,792

Post-secondary Education

18

172,904

Vocational Training

109

3,027

7 8

7310

53,000

259

Data not-available

11

67891011

6  Intended as the rough amount of total students in the NUTS III region attending the last academic year (or at least the most recent data available – in case please specify!). 7  Secondary Education is classified into General secondary school and Secondary academic schools here. 8  Post-secondary Education is made up of “Public universities (Universitäten), maintained by the state, private universities (Privatuniversitäten), operated by private organisations with state accreditation, maintainers of university of applied sciences degree programmes (Fachhochschul-Studiengänge) incorporated upon the basis of private or public law and subsidised by the state, with state accreditation (some of which are entitled to use the designation Fachhochschule)” (http://bmwf.gv.at/fileadmin/user_upload/wissenschaft/naric/english/DS_item8.pdf, 18.01.2011) here. 9  10 “Polytechnic” Schools (=schools preparing pupils for an apprenticeship or job). The number of students is 3.027 students. 10  73 Vocational Secondary Schools. The number of students is 53.000. 11  259 Institutions offering certain ranges of training. The number of students is not available.

08 The project is implemented through the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF.


1.1.5 Impact of the Local / Regional Education / Training Offer Provide here the requested information by giving evidence of the % of the answers collected on the survey in each investigated field 12 Secondary Education

Post-secondary Education

Vocational Training

< 1 year *

> 1 year

< 1 year

> 1 year

< 1 year

> 1 year

100

100

100

100

100

Job searching 0

0

0

0

0

0

Not working / job searching 0

0

0

0

0

0

Yes 100

83

100

94.8

56

54

No 100

Employment conditions Working 100

Working experience (stage/internship) 17

0

5.2

44

46

Useful 50

58

95.2

83.3

90

100

Not useful 50

42

4.8

16.7

10

0

Thanks to the course of study (Internship) 25

13

24

26

27.8

36

Job listing / announcements 50

33

24

16

33.3

16

Public job competition 25

0

0

0

0

8

Employment centres 0

29

48

47

22.2

24

Personal contacts 0

13

0

11

16.7

16

Other 0

13

4

0

0

0

62.5

90.5

84.2

94.5

85.7

25

9.5

10.5

5.5

9.5

Within 2 years 0

8.2

0

5.3

0

0

Within 3 years 0

4.2

0

0

0

4.8

Highly useful 75

45.9

61.9

68.5

77.8

70.8

Enough useful 25

20.8

33.3

21

22.2

16.7

33.3

4.8

10.5

0

12.5

95.8

90.5

94.7

88.9

100

2) Ability to work in teams 75

91.7

95.2

94.7

94.4

96

3) Problem Solving Capacity 100

87.5

95.2

78.9

94.4

92

Access to the Labour Market

How much time after the graduation Within 6 months 57.1 Within 6 to 12 months 42.9

Utility of the acquired knowledge for the current job position

Poorly useful / not at all 0 Skills required in the job position ** 1) Ability to work independently 100

* Elapsed time from the graduation to the time of the survey. ** Please list here the first 3 most representative skills as resulting from the survey (providing their % over the total)

������������������������������������������������������   According to Questionnaire II contents and structure

09 The project is implemented through the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF.


1.2 Mecklenburg-Vorpommern 1.2.1 Legal Framework The Ministry of Education, Science and Culture Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, as supreme State authority is responsible for questions of education, research, culture and religion. It has the duty to establish favourable terms for education, the acquisition of knowledge and lifelong learning, to raise teaching and research to an excellent level, to intensify the exchange between science and economy as well as to support and strengthen culture. Today‘s young generation is our countries future! The aim of all efforts is, to ensure, for every pupil, a requirements-oriented, individual assistance and demand, the best possible graduation as well as an ideal transfer to vocational training and career. The way to get there is the independent school – it is the model for quality development at schools in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern. By amendment of the school Education Act 2009, the individual school was equipped with a changed scope of action. The bases are clear governmental specifications and at the same time scopes of development are opened and the individual responsibility of the schools is strengthened. Therefore schools may respond more specific and flexible to the precise terms as well as to the changed local goals.

Picture 1 – basic structure of the education system in Mecklenburg - Vorpommern13

���������������������������������   Cf. www.regierung-mv .de (2010)

10 The project is implemented through the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF.


Primary education - Schooling in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern starts with the Grundschule14. It covers grades 1-4. Secondary level I/II (general education schools) - In grades 5 and 6 all pupils are taught in the Orientierungsstufe 15 irrespective of the school type. The different study conditions and the learning habits of each pupil will be considered by differentiated actions and remedial teaching. The Regionale Schule16 with the grades 5 through 10 prepares the pupils for a vocational education. At a Gesamtschule17 all courses of education and final exams can be reached in grades 5 through 10/12. The Gymnasium18 covers grades 7 through 12 and leads to the general qualification for university entrance (Abitur). Special Gymnasiums (sports or music) start with the Orientierungsstufe. Secondary level II (vocational schools19) - The education in both, at work and at school is characteristically for the vocational training – dual education. Both training places are interlinked with one another. The education will be paid for by the companies through paying a salary to the trainee and the state through paying for the vocational school. Next to the above there are other facilities of vocational training: different types of full-time vocational schools, vocational high school, specialised secondary school, professional schools. Tertiary level - Within a short period of time Mecklenburg-Vorpommern has changed from an agricultural region to a location for research and teaching. Today the land has two universities and seven universities of applied science, of which the autonomy is to be strengthened. Further education - Adult education, participation at further education, second chance graduation, getting additional qualifications and their certification are the fundamental elements of lifelong learning. The Volkshochschule (an adult education establishment) plays a decisive role for lifelong learning. They address many people from different areas through their wide range of courses. Therefore more citizens of the Land can realise lifelong learning.

14  see in Picture 1 in page 10 mark 1 15  see in Picture 1 in page 10 mark 2 16  see in Picture 1 in page 10 mark 3 17  see in Picture 1 in page 10 mark 4 18  see in Picture 1 in page 10 mark 5 19  see in Picture 1 in page 10 mark 6

11 The project is implemented through the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF.


1.2.2 Statistical Indicators20 Population

1,651,216 (2009)

Population Growth Forecast

-30 %

Migration inflow Growth Rate

+1.23 %

Migrant persons (percentage on population)

2.3 %

Migrantsâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; countries of origin

1) Europe (63.5 %), 2) Asia (27.1%), 3) Africa (4.8 %),

Unemployment rate

15.3 % - Growth Rate: 2009-2010 -6.2 %

Employment rate

93.23 %

Regional sector specialisations

1) Agriculture (total: 16,776, 3 %)

(% of regional total employment: agriculture + industry + services = 100)

2) Industry (total: 76,780, 15 %)

Employment types of contracts

Open-ended contracts (29,080,000 numbers of persons) (85.02 %)

(National level)

Growth Rate 2009-2010: 0.15 %

3) Services (total: 427,217, 82 %)

Fixed-term job contracts (5,052,000) numbers of persons) (14.77 %) Growth Rate 2009-2010: -1.23 % Apprenticeship 2010: 44,445 persons - Growth Rate 2009-2010: - 13.8 %

Other contracts including staff engaged under atypical contracts (not employees) (________ numbers of persons) Growth Rate 2009-2010: ____% Regional employment by gender

Regional employment rate __-__% (number of employees 511,748) Women: 51.5 % - Growth Rate 2008-2009: +0.48 % Men: 48.5 % - Growth Rate 2008-2009: -0.48 %

National employment by gender

Employment rate 93.23 % Women: (12,608,281 numbers of employees) 45.36 % Growth Rate 2009-2010: -0.8 % Men (152,024,004 numbers of employees) 54.37 % Growth Rate 2009-2010: 1.16 %

Migrant workers

(________ numbers of employees) ___% of total employees Growth Rate 2009-2010: ____%

Regional GDP per capita

35,229 Million Euro (1.5 % of total national GDP per capita)

Regional Income

48,169 Euro per capita Growth Rate 2009-2010: - 1.7 %

20â&#x20AC;&#x201A; The data here collected must be the most recent ones (please specify the year) and anyway in line with all the statistics of the Regional Survey. This document is not intended to replace the official statistic sources at national or European level but rather attempts to create a significant detailed picture of the ET-struct region as a whole, starting from the information already available.

12 The project is implemented through the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF.


VAT Registered Enterprises

2,382 Units

Enterprise size class:

1-9

59,858 employees = 90.86 %

10-49

4,852 employees = 7.36 %

50-249

1,009 employees = 1.53 %

250 and over

161 employees = 0.24 %

Production

Production for national market (____%) Production value ____________ (Euro) Growth Rate 2009-2010: ____%

Export

Export production (14.4 %) Production value 4,942,686 € (2009) Growth Rate 2008-2009: -17.1 %

Main export areas

1) Denmark 2) Russia 3) The Netherlands

Regular use of Internet (percentage of persons who accessed the Internet, on average, at least once a week in Germany) 2008

76 %

Regular use of computer (percentage of persons who use pc, on average, at least once a week in Germany) 2008

82 %

Regional Total R&D expenditure as a percentage of GDP (all sector)

_____ %

National total R&D expenditure as a percentage of GDP (all sector)

_____ %

Researchers as a percentage of persons employed

1.2 – 1.8 %

No. of students in all levels of education, as a percentage of total population

12.49 %

Educational attainment level (percentage of the population aged 25–64 having completed tertiary education) (on basis 2007)

12.6 %

Accommodation capacity (number of bed places by type of accommodation)

74781 beds in Hotels (1-2-3-4-5 stars Hotel)

Average length of stay of foreign tourists (Hotels + extra hotels)

2,8 days

Active farms (No. and percentage over 1.000 inhabitants)

5,432 - 0.329 %

Percentage of cultivated area, agro-food production export

Cultivated area: 1,360,000 ha

Socio-economic Growth Rate 2010-2011

GDP per capita

Growth Rate: ¨ Negative __% ¨ Positive __% ¨ - Stable Growth Rate: ¨ Negative __% ¨ Positive __% ¨ - Stable

69,387 beds in extra Hotels (b&b, youth hostel rural-tourism accommodation, guest houses…)

Agro-food production export: 136.4 Million € 2008: 35,695,000 €

2009: 35,229,000 €

13 The project is implemented through the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF.


1.2.3 Education / Training demand21 Occupational need expected forecast 2011 Enterprises expecting to hire new employees

57.14 % (4 in total)

Enterprises expecting to hire new employees (size class)

10-49 2 persons + 2 trainees 50-249 no specific number of persons 500 and over - 10 trainees plus no specific number of professionals

Most sectors involved

Within the qualitative research we talked to 7 companies from different sectors.

Employment forecast Growth Rate Main reasons for hiring people

Replacement of employees on maternity leave/ other 33.3 % Increasing demand 33.3 % Opening new branches or departments 33.3 %

Main reasons not to hire people

Enough employees 60 % The present staff is already oversized 20 % Can not find workers with the necessary specialization 20 %

Main involved sectors in new hirings

1) Telecommunication Service (10 trainees + unspecific number of professionals) 2) Health care (2 employees) 3) real estate activities (2 trainees + unspecific number of professionals) 4) Building (2 trainees)

Hirings forecast in 2010 - professional group (%)

Call Center Agents

ISCO-08 Major Groups Physiotherapist/ Occupational therapist

1 Managers X 2 Professionals 3 Technicians and associate professionals

Real estate agent

4 Office Clerks Construction mechanist

X 5 Service and sales workers 6 Skilled agricultural, forestry and fishery workers 7 Craft and related trades workers 8 Plant and machine operators, and assemblers 9 Elementary occupations New hirings education and experiences required

No 0 % Yes 100 % - If Yes Secondary education (Call Center Agents) Vocational training (Professionals)

Main skills required (as from the Q1 list)

Relational skills Writing/ Speaking ability Customer oriented Problem solving ability

Companies that organize training

100 % of total no. of companies

������������������������������������������������������������������������   The data here collected are the same as elaborated by Questionnaire I.

14 The project is implemented through the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF.


Size class

1-9 employees 14.3 % 10-49 employees 57.2 % 50 employees and more 28.5 %

Main sectors involved

1) Telecommunication Service 2) Health care 3) Real estate activities 4) Building/Construction 5) Service 6) Agriculture and electricity 7) IT-Services

Main sources for enterprises’ job recruitment

Size Class 1-9 employees

Direct contact with employers/employees

1) Job Center

University/School database search

2) Newspaper/ radio

Resume (curricula vitae) received from candidates

3) Internet

Internships /stage

Size Class 10-49 employees

Employers/employees Federations

1) Job Center

Job Center

2) Direct contact to vocational schools and universities

Recruitment Agency

3) Probation time

Job search companies (i.e. Adecco)

4) Informal contacts

Newspapers Web sites – internet – Eures

Size Class 50 employees and more 1) Job Center 2) Lend and temporary employment companies 3) Own homepage 4) Internship

1.2.4 Education / Training Offer Number of Institutions

Number of students22 (in the last Academic year)

Secondary Education

204

69,630

Post-secondary Education

9

36,817

Vocational Training

35

51,546

22

22  Intended as the rough amount of total students in the NUTS III region attending the last academic year (or at least the most recent data available – in case please specify!).

15 The project is implemented through the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF.


1.2.5 Impact of the Local/Regional Education / Training Offer 23 On behalf of the Ministry of Economics, Labour and Tourism Mecklenburg-Vorpommern the company Statistik-Consult Rostock conducted a representative survey among pupils in the graduate classes of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern in October 2009. The teachers and parents of the children of the according class levels were included into the investigation. The aim of the survey was to record the opinion of young people and those who educate them, regarding the vocational possibilities within the Land. This first opinion survey is the basis for the evaluation of the effects of planned and realized actions regarding this topic. Furthermore, this survey could uncover possible information or knowledge deficiencies of the target group as well as of the groups that influence them. Necessary activities for the different fields of action can be derived. After-graduation plans of the pupils - This survey among pupils shows that the interest of the adolescents in dual vocational training is still very high. However, the number of graduates willing to study is too small. About 57 % of the pupils want to start their professional career with academic studies. About 43 % want to start a vocational training. The selection of these two items relates to the composition of the pupil data set, of pupils from schools at lower secondary level (Regionale Schule) and the higher portion of grammar school pupils. According to this more grammar school pupils choose academic studies (about 68 %) and more pupils from a Regionale Schule choose vocational training (about 83 %). After all, about 34.6 % of the grammar school pupils want to start a vocational training after graduation. Getting information regarding vocational and job offers - When asking, whether to get information on vocational and job offers within Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, it became clear, that the commitment of the schools regarding the sector of vocational orientation could be improved. First steps into that direction have been conducted. Furthermore it is striking, that, when looking at the jobs that require training selected by the pupils, they often do not know the complete range of available jobs that require training in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern. Sources of information for pupils and information paths of the businesses - It shows that almost all pupils of graduate classes use or will use the internet in order to get information regarding job or vocational training opportunities (96.4 %). Much less, but still very many interviewees use the Job Information Centre (BIZ) (77.7 %). The percentage of pupils consulting their parents knowledge in order to learn more about job and vocational training opportunities is also very high (71.8 %). In the ranking of the information sources mostly used by the pupils follow “acquaintances/relatives” (67.2 %), “friends” (65.4 %) and “newspapers” (62.1 %). Only about every second pupil states “teacher or school” as information source (47.8 %) and could therefore approve the trend of the teachers, not referring information regarding vocational opportunities to the pupils.24 Aimed for place of learning - About 47.8 % of the pupils have already applied for an apprenticeship training position in another Bundesland or plan to do this shortly. Of the pupils of high school graduating classes 56.2 % stated to have applied for a place at a university in another Bundesland or plan to do this shortly. Current situation on the vocational training market - The situation on the vocational training market has relaxed within the past years. If in 2006 a deficiency of apprenticeship training positions had to be recorded, the situation has turned in 2009 and the number of apprenticeship training positions which are open is higher than the number of available applicants. This trend will probably intensify in the next years and therefore at least the vocational training market of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern offers a good perspective.25 Regarding the dual vocational education the Federal Employment Agency (BA) has published the numbers for the apprenticeship training position market at the end of July 2010. According to those numbers the situation at the end of July 2010 is as follows: Reported job openings: 10,221 (previous year 10,687, decline of 446 jobs or 4.4 %) 9,680 internal offers, 731 or 8.2 % more compared to the same month of the previous year. Reported applicants: 8,822 (previous year 10,963, decline of 2,141 or 19.5 %) of the 8 822 reported applicants 4,743 or 53.8 % are last year’s applicants. Applicants without job: 3,041 (previous year 3,905, decline of 864 or 22.1 %) Job openings: 3,611 (previous year 3,175, increase of 436 or 13.7 %) In the overall view the BA has 10,221 job openings for the total of 8,822 reported applicants (including last year’s applicants) in MV, 9,680 of the job openings are internal offers.26 Basically 37.4 % of the pupils estimate their occupational prospects in MV as “by trend good“. Another 43.7 % cannot estimate their occupational prospects in MV definitely. The parents‘ opinions are similar to the ones of the pupils (33.8 % “by trend good“). In contradiction to the above the answers of the teachers, which show a clearly different picture. Only 18 % of the above deliver a “by trend good” opinion. That shows that the schools have not yet recognized the current trend and that the communication with the pupils is missing.

���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������   Due to the special situation in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern (Datenschutz) there was no direct investigation using the Questionnaires. This is a rough overview of Chapter 5 of the Regional Survey. ���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������   cf. Null-Welle 2009 - “keep skilled workers in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern”, Ministery of Economy, Labour and Tourism, Schwerin 2009 ���������������������������������������������������������������������   cf. Federal Institute for Vocational Education and Training, Berlin �������������������������������������������������   cf. Data of the Federal Employment Agency; 2010

16 The project is implemented through the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF.


Reasons for a delayed or rejected beginning of studies - On a nationwide comparison, too few high school graduates in MecklenburgVorpommern start academic studies. The main reasons for this are the following: At the moment the main reason for the delayed beginning of academic studies is the liability for compulsory military or community service for young men. The duration of compulsory military service as well as the alternative service (community service) is the focus of the current federal discussion. That would enable young men to start their academic studies immediately and would bring the transition into the job market forward.

17 The project is implemented through the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF.


1.3 Olomouc region 1.3.1 Legal Framework Chart summarising the picture of the education / training in the region / country27

����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������   For more details over the national / regional education & training system please refer to the Regional Survey.

18 The project is implemented through the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF.


1.3.2 Statistical Indicators28 Population

642,000 (2009)

Population Growth Forecast

+0.1 % (2015)

Migration inflow Growth Rate

-0.1 % (2010)

Migrant persons (percentage on population)

0.5 % (2010)

Migrants’ countries of origin

1) Slovakia 2) Ukraine 3) Vietnam

Unemployment rate

7.6 % (2009) - Growth Rate: 2009-2010 + 2 %

Employment rate

64.4 % (2009)

Regional sector specialisations

1) Agriculture (5.5 %)

(% of regional total employment: agriculture + industry + services = 100)

2) Industry (39.8 %)

Employment types of contracts

Open-ended contracts (N.A. numbers of persons) ( N.A. %)

3) Services (54.7 %) Growth Rate 2009-2010: N.A. % Fixed-term job contracts ( N.A. numbers of persons) Growth Rate 2009-2010: N.A. % Apprenticeship or youth employment contract ( N.A. numbers of persons) Growth Rate 2009-2010: N.A. % Other contracts including staff engaged under atypical contracts (not employees) ( N.A. numbers of persons) Growth Rate 2009-2010: N.A. %

Regional employment by gender

Regional employment rate 64.4 % (2009) - Women: 54.3 % (2009) Growth Rate 2009-2010: N.A. % - Men 73.6 % (2009) Growth Rate 2009-2010: N.A. %

National employment by gender

Employment rate - Women: (2.1 mil.) 56.7 % (2009) Growth Rate 2009-2010: N.A. % - Men (2.8 mil.) 73.6 % (2009) Growth Rate 2009-2010: N.A. %

Migrant workers

(N.A. numbers of employees) N.A. % of total employees Growth Rate 2009-2010: N.A. %

Regional GDP per capita

10,667 Euro (75.3 % of total national GDP per capita) (2008)

Regional Income

6,171 Euro per capita (2008) Growth Rate 2009-2010: N.A. %

���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������   The data here collected must be the most recent ones (please specify the year) and anyway in line with all the statistics of the Regional Survey. This document is not intended to replace the official statistic sources at national or European level but rather attempts to create a significant detailed picture of the ET-struct region as a whole, starting from the information already available.

19 The project is implemented through the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF.


VAT Registered Enterprises

N.A. Units - Growth Rate 2009-2010: N.A. %

Enterprise size class :

1-9: 11,.017

29

10-49: 2,665 50-249: 644 250-499: 54 500 and over: 32 Production

Production for national market 3.4 bil. Euro (54 %) Production value 6.3 bil. (Euro) (100 %) Growth Rate 2009-2010: N.A. %

Export

Export production (46 %) Production value 2.9 bil. (2008) (Euro) Growth Rate 2009-2010: N.A. %

Main export areas

EU27 (83.2 %) Production value N.A. (Euro) Growth Rate 2009-2010: N.A. % Non EU27 (16.8 %) - Growth Rate 2009-2010: N.A. %

Regular use of Internet (percentage of persons who accessed the Internet, on average, at least once a week)

52.3 % (2009)

Regular use of computer (percentage of persons who use pc, on average, at least once a week) 2008

57.3 % (2009)

Regional Total R&D expenditure as a percentage of GDP (all sector)

0.8 %

National total R&D expenditure as a percentage of GDP (all sector)

1.5 % - Growth Rate: Negative N.A. % Positive N.A. %

Researchers as a percentage of persons employed

N.A.

No. of students in all levels of education, as a percentage of total population

21.8 %

Educational attainment level (percentage of the population aged 25–64 having completed tertiary education)

11.1 %

Accommodation capacity (number of bed places by type of accommodation)

4,068 Hotels (1-2-3-4-5 stars Hotel) (2009)

Average length of stay of foreign tourists (Hotels + extra hotels)

3.2 days (2009)

Active farms (No. and percentage over 1.000 inhabitants)

2,278 (2009), percentage N.A.

Percentage of cultivated area, agro-food production export

45 %

Socio-economic Growth Rate 2010-2011

GDP per capita

Growth Rate: Negative N.A. % Positive N.A. %

13,891 extra Hotels (b&b, youth hostel rural-tourism accommodation, guest houses…) (2009)

2010: N.A. %

2011: N.A. %

29

29  Data represent numbers of enterprises according to their size, numbers of employees are not available.

20 The project is implemented through the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF.


1.3.3 Education / Training demand30 Occupational need expected forecast 2011

New hirings N.A. - Dismissals N.A. Growth Rate 2009-2010: N.A. %

Enterprises expecting to hire new employees

(% in total) 20 % - Growth Rate 2009-2010: N.A. %

Enterprises expecting to hire new employees (size class)

1-9

N.A. numbers of persons % N.A.

10-49

N.A. numbers of persons % N.A.

50-249

N.A. numbers of persons % N.A.

250-499

N.A. numbers of persons % N.A.

500 and over

N.A. numbers of persons % N.A.

Most sectors involved

1) Manufacture of machinery and equipment (21.3%) NACE classification (C28) Growth Rate 2009-2010: N.A. % 2) Construction (21.3 %) NACE classification (F) Growth Rate 2009-2010: N.A. % 3) Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles / motorcycles, personal and household good (19.1 %) NACE classification (G) Growth Rate 2009-2010: N.A. %

Employment forecast Growth Rate

Growth Rate 2009-2010: (+-) N.A. %

Main reasons for hiring people

Replacement of employees leaving the company 25 % Seasonal activities/processes 6.3 % Replacement of employees on maternity leave/ other 18.8 % Increasing demand 12.5 % Need to improve company’s quality and efficiency 25 % Opening new branches or departments ____% Less reliance on external suppliers 6.3 % Need to expand sales, find new markets 6.3 % Need to develop new products or services ____%

Main reasons not to hire people

Enough employees 76.9 % The present staff is already oversized 3.8 % Can not recruit because of budget constraints 11.5 % Can not find workers with the necessary specialization ____% The company is closing down or will be sold ____% Lack of sufficient space 3.8 %

Main involved sectors in new hirings

1) Commercial sales (20 %) NACE classification (G) Growth Rate: Negative N.A. % Positive N.A. % - stable 2) Administration (13.3 %)NACE classification (O) Growth Rate: Negative N.A. % Positive N.A. % - stable 3) Quality control (13.3 %)NACE classification (N.A.) Growth Rate: Negative N.A. % Positive N.A. % - stable

������������������������������������������������������������������������   The data here collected are the same as elaborated by Questionnaire I.

21 The project is implemented through the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF.


Hirings forecast in 2010 - professional group (%)

1) Technicians (28.6 %) ISCO classification (3)

ISCO-08 Major Groups

Growth Rate 2009-2010: (+-) N.A. %

1 Managers

2) Professionals (14.3 %)ISCO classification (2)

2 Professionals

Growth Rate 2009-2010: (+-) N.A. %

3 Technicians and associate professionals

3)Office Clerks (14.3 %)ISCO classification (4)

4 Office Clerks

Growth Rate 2009-2010: (+-) N.A. %

5 Service and sales workers

4) Craft and related trade workers (14.3 %) ISCO classification (7) Growth Rate 2009-2010: (+-) N.A. %

6 Skilled agricultural, forestry and fishery workers 7 Craft and related trades workers

5) Plant and machine operators(14.3 %) ISCO classification (8) Growth Rate 2009-2010: (+-) N.A. %

8 Plant and machine operators, and assemblers 9 Elementary occupations New hirings education and experiences required

No 22.3 % Yes 77.7 % - If Yes Secondary education 42.9 % Post-secondary education 28.6 % Vocational training 28.6 %

Main skills required (as from the Q1 list)

1) Ability to work independently (13 %) NACE classification (N.A.) Growth Rate 2009-2010: (+-) N.A. % 2) Problem solving ability (13 %) NACE classification (N.A.) Growth Rate 2009-2010: (+-) N.A. % 3) Ability to work in group (10.9 %)NACE classification (N.A.) Growth Rate 2009-2010: (+-) N.A. %

Companies that organize training

48,9 % of total no. of companies

Size class

1 1-9 employees N.A. % 10-49 employees N.A. % 50 employees and more N.A. %

Main sectors involved

1) N.A. (N.A.%) NACE classification (N.A.) Growth Rate 2009-2010: (+-) N.A.% 2) N.A. (N.A.%) NACE classification (N.A.) Growth Rate 2009-2010: (+-) N.A.% 3) N.A. (N.A.%)NACE classification (N.A.) Growth Rate 2009-2010: (+-) N.A.%

22 The project is implemented through the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF.


Main sources for enterprises’ job recruitment

Size Class 1-9 employees31

1) Direct contact with employers/employees

1) Job Centre (29.4 %) (6)

2) University/School database search

2) Direct contact with employers/employees (17.6 %) (1)

3) Resume (curricula vitae) received from candidates

3) Resume (curricula vitae) received from candidates (17.6 %) (3)

4) Internships /stage

Size Class 10-49 employees

5) Employers/employees Federations

1)____________ (___%) (specify n. i.e. 2 if University/School database search

6) Job Center

2)____________ (___%) (n.__)

7) Recruitment Agency

3)____________ (___%) (n.__)

8) Job search companies (i.e. Adecco)

Size Class 50 employees and more

9) News- papers

1)____________ (___%) (specify n. i.e. 2 if University/School database search

10) Web sites – internet – Eures

2)____________ (___%) (n.__) 3)____________ (___%) (n.__)

31

1.3.4 Education / Training Offer Number of Institutions

Number of students32 (in the last Academic year)

Secondary Education

78

35,981 (2009/2010)

Post-secondary Education

3

23,072 (2009)

Vocational Training

238

22,738 (2009/2010)

32

31  Division among the size classes of the companies is not available, therefore the data applies to all of them. 32  Intended as the rough amount of total students in the NUTS III region attending the last academic year (or at least the most recent data available – in case please specify!).

23 The project is implemented through the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF.


1.3.5 Impact of the Local/Regional Education / Training Offer Provide here the requested information by giving evidence of the % of the answers collected on the survey in each investigated field 33 Secondary Education34

Post-secondary Education35

Vocational Training36

< 1 year *

< 1 year

< 1 year

> 1 year

> 1 year

Employment conditions Working 81 (68.1 %)

32 (36 %)

31 (60.8 %)

5 (5.6 %)

19 (37.3 %)

52 (58.4 %)

1 (2 %)

Yes 103

47

15

No 17

40

36

Useful 48

43

9

4

6

16 (50 %)

2 (6.5 %)

6 (18.8 %)

7 (22.6 %)

Job searching 27 (22.7 %) Not working / job searching 11 (9.2 %) Working experience (stage/internship)

Not useful 55 Access to the Labour Market Thanks to the course of study (Internship) 5 (6.2 %) Job listing / announcements 35 (43.2 %) Public job competition 34 (42 %)

9 (28.1 %)

20 (64.5 %)

Employment centres 0

0

0

Personal contacts 0

0

0

1 (3.1 %)

2 (6.5 %)

30 (93.8 %)

14 (50 %)

2 (6.3 %)

10 (35.7 %)

Within 2 years 1 (1.3 %)

0

4 (14.3 %)

Within 3 years 0

0

0

28 (87.5 %)

10 (33.3 %)

Enough useful 44 (56.4 %)

3 (9.4 %)

13 (43.2 %)

Poorly useful / not at all 17 (21.8 %)

1 (3.1 %)

7 (23.3 %)

1) ... Ability to work in group (60.5 %)

Problem solving ability (71.9 %)

Speaking (19.4 %)

2) ... Customer orientation (51.9 %)

Ability to work

Writing (16.1 %)

3) ... Ability to work

Speaking AND Writing AND Ability to work in group (all 65.6 %)

Other 7 (8.6 %) How much time after the graduation Within 6 months 47 (58.8 %) Within 6 to 12 months 32 (40 %)

Utility of the acquired knowledge for the current job position Highly useful 17 (21.8 %)

Skills required in the job position **

* Elapsed time from the graduation to the time of the survey. ** Please list here the first 3 most representative skills as resulting from the survey (providing their % over the total)343536 ������������������������������������������������������   According to Questionnaire II contents and structure 34  Division between less than one year and more than one year is not available, therefore the numbers represent both groups together. 35  Division between less than one year and more than one year is not available, therefore the numbers represent both groups together. 36  Division between less than one year and more than one year is not available, therefore the numbers represent both groups together.

24 The project is implemented through the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF.

> 1 year


1.4 Moravskoslezsky kraj 1.4.1 Legal Framework Chart summarising the picture of the education / training in the region / country37

����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������   For more details over the national / regional education & training system please refer to the Regional Survey.

25 The project is implemented through the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF.


1.4.2 Statistical Indicators38 Population

1,247,373

Population Growth Forecast

0.3 %

Migration inflow Growth Rate

-0.2 %

Migrant persons (percentage on population)

0.7 %

Migrants’ countries of origin

1) Slovakia 2) Poland 3) Vietnam

Unemployment rate

11.7 % - Growth Rate: 2009-2010 +2.3 %

Employment rate

43.7 %

Regional sector specialisations

1) Agriculture (2.05 %)

(% of regional total employment: agriculture + industry + services = 100)

2) Industry (42.68 %)

Employment types of contracts

Open-ended contracts (N.A. numbers of persons) (N.A.%)

3) Services (55.27 %) Growth Rate 2009-2010: N.A. % Fixed-term job contracts ( N.A. numbers of persons) Growth Rate 2009-2010: N.A. % Apprenticeship or youth employment contract ( N.A. numbers of persons) Growth Rate 2009-2010: N.A. % Other contracts including staff engaged under atypical contracts (not employees) ( N.A. numbers of persons) Growth Rate 2009-2010: N.A. %

Regional employment by gender

Regional employment rate 52 % - Women: N.A.% Growth Rate 2009-2010: N.A. % - Men N.A. % Growth Rate 2009-2010: N.A. %

National employment by gender

Employment rate - Women: (2.1 mil.) 56.7 % Growth Rate 2009-2010: N.A. % - Men (2.8 mil.) 73.6 % Growth Rate 2009-2010: N.A. %

Migrant workers

(N.A. numbers of employees) N.A. % of total employees Growth Rate 2009-2010: N.A. %

Regional GDP per capita

10,654 Euro (10.1 % of total national GDP per capita)

Regional Income

6,341 Euro per capita Growth Rate 2009-2010: N.A. %

���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������   The data here collected must be the most recent ones (please specify the year) and anyway in line with all the statistics of the Regional Survey. This document is not intended to replace the official statistic sources at national or European level but rather attempts to create a significant detailed picture of the ET-struct region as a whole, starting from the information already available.

26 The project is implemented through the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF.


VAT Registered Enterprises

N.A. Units - Growth Rate 2009-2010: N.A. %

Enterprise size class:

1-9

21,893

10-49

4,704

50-249

1,127

250-499

121

500 and over

102

Production

Production for national market (56 %) Production value 5.4 bil. (Euro) Growth Rate 2009-2010: N.A. %

Export

Export production (48 %) Production value N.A. (Euro) Growth Rate 2009-2010: N.A. %

Main export areas

EU27 (82.1 %) Production value N.A. (Euro) Growth Rate 2009-2010: N.A. % Non EU27 (17.9 %) Growth Rate 2009-2010: N.A. %

Regular use of Internet (percentage of persons who accessed the Internet, on average, at least once a week) 2008

54.4 %

Regular use of computer (percentage of persons who use pc, on average, at least once a week) 2008

58.3 %

Regional Total R&D expenditure as a percentage of GDP (all sector)

6.2 %

National total R&D expenditure as a percentage of GDP (all sector)

1.46 %

Researchers as a percentage of persons employed

N.A. %

No. of students in all levels of education, as a percentage of total population

20.2 %

Educational attainment level (percentage of the population aged 25â&#x20AC;&#x201C;64 having completed tertiary education)

13.9 %

Accommodation capacity (number of bed places by type of accommodation)

447 Hotels (1-2-3-4-5 stars Hotel)

Average length of stay of foreign tourists (Hotels + extra hotels)

4.2 days

Active farms (No. and percentage over 1.000 inhabitants)

1,600 - N.A. %

Percentage of cultivated area, agro-food production export

26 %

Socio-economic Growth Rate 2010-2011

GDP per capita

Growth Rate: Negative N.A. % Positive N.A. % - Stable Growth Rate: Negative N.A. % Positive N.A. % - Stable

15 extra Hotels (b&b, youth hostel rural-tourism accommodation, guest housesâ&#x20AC;Ś)

2010: N.A. %

2011: N.A. %

27 The project is implemented through the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF.


1.4.3 Education / Training demand39 Occupational need expected forecast 2011

New hirings N.A. - Dismissals N.A. Growth Rate 2009-2010: N.A. %

Enterprises expecting to hire new employees

(% in total)100 % - Growth Rate 2009-2010: N.A. %

Enterprises expecting to hire new employees (size class)

1-9: 25 numbers of persons 100 % 10-49: 0 numbers of persons % N.A. 50-249: 0 numbers of persons % N.A. 250-499: 0 numbers of persons % N.A. 500 and over: 0 numbers of persons % N.A.

Most sectors involved

1) Manufacturing/production planning (40 %) NACE classification (7) Growth Rate 2009-2010: N.A. % 2) Installation/maintenance (24 %) NACE classification (9) Growth Rate 2009-2010: N.A. % 3) Commercial sales (20 %) NACE classification (3) Growth Rate 2009-2010: N.A. %

Employment forecast Growth Rate

Growth Rate 2009-2010: (+-) N.A.%

Main reasons for hiring people

Replacement of employees leaving the company 28 % Seasonal activities/processes 0 % Replacement of employees on maternity leave/ other 0 % Increasing demand 0 % Need to improve companyâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s quality and efficiency 0 % Opening new branches or departments 8 % Less reliance on external suppliers 4 % Need to expand sales, find new markets 32 % Need to develop new products or services 28 %

Main reasons not to hire people

Enough employees N.A. % The present staff is already oversized N.A. % Can not recruit because of budget constraints N.A. % Can not find workers with the necessary specialization N.A. % The company is closing down or will be sold N.A. % Lack of sufficient space N.A. %

Main involved sectors in new hirings

1) Commercial sales (32 %) NACE classification (G) Growth Rate: Negative N.A.% Positive N.A.% 2) Quality control (58 %) NACE classification (__) Growth Rate: Negative N.A. % Positive N.A.% 3) Administration (10 %) NACE classification (O) Growth Rate: Negative N.A. % Positive N.A.%

39

The data here collected are the same as elaborated by Questionnaire I.

28 The project is implemented through the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF.


Hirings forecast in 2010 - professional group (%)

1) Technicians and associate professionals (24%) ISCO classification (3)

ISCO-08 Major Groups

Growth Rate 2009-2010: (+-) N.A.%

Managers

2) Plant and machine operators, and assemblers (24%)ISCO classification (8)

Professionals

Growth Rate 2009-2010: (+-) N.A.%

Technicians and associate professionals

3) Craft and related trades workers (20%)ISCO classification (7)

Office Clerks

Growth Rate 2009-2010: (+-) N.A.%

Service and sales workers Skilled agricultural, forestry and fishery workers Craft and related trades workers Plant and machine operators, and assemblers Elementary occupations New hirings education and experiences required

No 16 % Yes 84 % - If Yes Secondary education 52 % Post-secondary education 12 % Vocational training 20 %

Main skills required (as from the Q1 list)

1) Relation skills (16.54 %) NACE classification (N.A.) Growth Rate 2009-2010: (+-) N.A. % 2) Problem solving ability (14.17 %) NACE classification (N.A.) Growth Rate 2009-2010: (+-) N.A. % 3) Capacity to use equipment maintenance and installation (12.6 %)NACE classification (N.A.) Growth Rate 2009-2010: (+-) N.A. %

Companies that organize training

100% of total no. of companies

Size class

1 1-9 employees 56 % 10-49 employees 44 % 50 employees and more 0 %

Main sectors involved

1) Manufacturing/production planning (40 %) NACE classification (N.A.) Growth Rate 2009-2010: (+-) N.A. % 2) Installation/maintenance (24 %) NACE classification (N.A.) Growth Rate 2009-2010: (+-) N.A. % 3) Commercial sales (20 %) NACE classification (N.A.) Growth Rate 2009-2010: (+-) N.A. %

29 The project is implemented through the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF.


Main sources for enterprises’ job recruitment

Size Class 1-9 employees

1) Direct contact with employers/employees

1) Job Center (25 %) (6)

2) University/School database search

2) Resume (curricula vitae) received from candidates (15 %) (3)

3) Resume (curricula vitae) received from candidates

3) Web-sites (16 %) (10)

4) Internships /stage

Size Class 10-49 employees

5) Employers/employees Federations

1) Job Center (30 %) (6)

6) Job Center

2) Recruitment Agency (12 %) (7)

7) Recruitment Agency

3) Resume (curricula vitae) received from candidates (10 %) (3)

8) Job search companies (i.e. Adecco)

Size Class 50 employees and more

9) News- papers

1) N.A. (___%) (specify n. i.e. 2 if University/School database search

10) Web sites – internet – Eures

2) N.A. (___%) (n.__) 3) N.A. (___%) (n.__)

1.4.4 Education / Training Offer Number of Institutions

Number of students40 (in the last Academic year)

Secondary Education

153

69,848

Post-secondary Education

5

45,967

Vocational Training

116

47,053

40

40  Intended as the rough amount of total students in the NUTS III region attending the last academic year (or at least the most recent data available – in case please specify!).

30 The project is implemented through the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF.


1.4.5 Impact of the Local/Regional Education / Training Offer Provide here the requested information by giving evidence of the % of the answers collected on the survey in each investigated field 41 Secondary Education < 1 year *

Post-secondary Education

> 1 year

< 1 year

> 1 year

Vocational Training < 1 year

> 1 year

Employment conditions Working

55.56 %

100 %

50.00 %

Job searching

44.44 %

0%

25.00 %

Not working / job searching

0.00 %

0%

25.00 %

Yes

44.44 %

50.00 %

87.50 %

Working experience (stage/internship) No

55.56 %

50.00 %

12.50 %

Useful

77.78 %

25.00 %

100.00 %

Not useful

22.22 %

75.00 %

0.00 %

Thanks to the course of study (Internship)

22.22 %

25.00 %

50.00 %

Job listing / announcements

55.56 %

50.00 %

0.00 %

Public job competition

22.22 %

0.00 %

25.00 %

Employment centres

0.00 %

0.00 %

0.00 %

Personal contacts

0.00 %

25.00 %

25.00 %

Other

0.00 %

0.00 %

0.00 %

Within 6 months

22.22 %

37.50 %

62.50 %

Within 6 to 12 months

77.78 %

62.50 %

37.50 %

Within 2 years

0.00 %

0.00 %

0.00 %

Within 3 years

0.00 %

0.00 %

0.00 %

Highly useful

0.00 %

37.50 %

75.00 %

Enough useful

77.78 %

62.50 %

25.00 %

Poorly useful / not at all

22.22 %

0.00 %

0.00 %

1) …

Planning activities and resources (44.44%)

Mathematics – Using mathematics to solve problems (50 %)

Mathematics – Using mathematics to solve problems (25 %)

2) …

Management of Material resources (33.33%)

Planning activities and resources (20 %)

Speaking – Talking to others to convey information effectively (25%)

3) …

Capacities to design. setup. operace. and correct malfunctions involving application of machines or technoglogical systems (22.22%)

Management of Material resources (20 %)

Ability to work in group (50 %)

Access to the Labour Market

How much time after the graduation

Utility of the acquired knowledge for the current job position

Skills required in the job position **

* Elapsed time from the graduation to the time of the survey. ** Please list here the first 3 most representative skills as resulting from the survey (providing their % over the total) ������������������������������������������������������   According to Questionnaire II contents and structure

31 The project is implemented through the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF.


1.5 Bygosko-Toruński Subregion 1.5.1 Legal Framework Chart summarising the picture of the education / training in the region / country42

����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������   For more details over the national / regional education & training system please refer to the Regional Survey.

32 The project is implemented through the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF.


1.5.2 Statistical Indicators43 Population

761,565

Population Growth Forecast

-7.18 % (2008 - 2035)

Migration inflow Growth Rate

____%

Migrant persons (percentage on population)

0.027 %

Migrants’ countries of origin

Only by continent, on NUTSII level 1) Europe - 581 2) Asia - 15 3) Africa - 2 4) North and Latin America - 58 5) South America - 1 6) Oceania - 6

Unemployment rate

9.1% in 2009 - Growth Rate: 2008-2009: + 40 % (2008 = 100 %)

Employment rate

42.87 %

Regional sector specialisations

1) Agriculture (6.02 %)

(% of regional total employment: agriculture + industry + services = 100)

2) Industry (33.60 %)

Employment types of contracts

Open-ended contracts (________ numbers of persons) (____%)

3) Services (60.38 %) Growth Rate 2009-2010: ____% Fixed-term job contracts (________ numbers of persons) Growth Rate 2009-2010: ____% Apprenticeship or youth employment contract (________ numbers of persons) Growth Rate 2009-2010: ____% Other contracts including staff engaged under atypical contracts (not employees) (________ numbers of persons) Growth Rate 2009-2010: ____% In NUTS2 level: -91.8 % - job contracts -8.2 % other contracts

Regional employment by gender

Regional employment rate 56.8 % Women: 48.9 % Growth Rate 2008-2009: +5.16 % Men: 64.9 % Growth Rate 2008-2009: 0 % (NUTS 2 level, 2009)

���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������   The data here collected must be the most recent ones (please specify the year) and anyway in line with all the statistics of the Regional Survey. This document is not intended to replace the official statistic sources at national or European level but rather attempts to create a significant detailed picture of the ET-struct region as a whole, starting from the information already available.

33 The project is implemented through the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF.


National employment by gender

Employment rate 59.3 % Women: (4,152,225 numbers of employees) 52.8 % Growth Rate 2009-2010: +0.76 % Men (4340363 numbers of employees) 66.1 % Growth Rate 2009-2010: -0.3 % (NUTS 1 level, 2009)

Migrant workers

(________ numbers of employees) ___% of total employees Growth Rate 2009-2010: ____%

Regional GDP per capita

37,428 zł / 9,357 Euro [1 Euro = 4 zł] (111.9 % of total national GDP per capita)

Regional Income

19,718 zł / 4,929.50 Euro per capita [1 Euro = 4 zł] Growth Rate 2009-2010: 3.6 %

VAT Registered Enterprises

82686 Units - Growth Rate 2009-2010: -5.2%

Enterprise size class:

1-9

78 466 units -94.5 %

(only units)

10-49

3333 units -4.3 %

50-249 751 units -0.91 % 250-499

250 and over

136 units - 0.17%

500 and over Production

Production for national market (4.67 %) Production value 124,680 mln zł / 31,170 mln Euro [1 Euro = 4 zł] Growth Rate 2009-2010: 7.37 % (2007 = 100 %)

Export

Export production (___%) Production value ____________ (Euro) Growth Rate 2009-2010: ____%

Main export areas

EU27 (___%) Production value ____________ (Euro) Growth Rate 2009-2010: ____% Non EU27 (___%) Growth Rate 2009-2010: ____%

Regular use of Internet (percentage of persons who accessed the Internet, on average, at least once a week) 2008

55.2 % (2009 NUTS I level - “Social diagnosis”)

Regular use of computer (percentage of persons who use pc, on average, at least once a week) 2008

69.4 % (2009 NUTS I level - “Social diagnosis”)

Regional Total R&D expenditure as a percentage of GDP (all sector)

0.216 % (2008 NUTS II level)

National total R&D expenditure as a percentage of GDP (all sector)

0.604 % (2008)

Researchers as a percentage of persons employed

0.93 % (2008 NUTS II level)

No. of students in all levels of education, as a percentage of total population

24.5 % (2008)

Growth Rate: Positive 9.1% (2007 = 100 %) Growth Rate: Positive 5.96% (2007 = 100 %)

34 The project is implemented through the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF.


Educational attainment level (percentage of the population aged 25–64 having completed tertiary education)

7 % (national level)

Accommodation capacity (number of bed places by type of accommodation)

3,926 Hotels (1-2-3-4-5 stars Hotel) 350 extra Hotels (b&b, youth hostel rural-tourism accommodation, guest houses…)

Average length of stay of foreign tourists (Hotels + extra 2.1 day hotels) Active farms (No. and percentage over 1.000 inhabitants)

96,928 - 46.8 %

Percentage of cultivated area

60.1 %

Agro-food production export Socio-economic Growth Rate 2010-2011

GDP per capita

2010: 3.6 %

2011: 3.4 %

[source: The Gdansk Institute for Market Economics]

1.5.3 Education / Training demand44 Occupational need expected forecast 2011

New hirings 98,940 - Dismissals 97,294 Growth Rate 2007-2008 in hirings: -8.4 % (2008=100%) (NUTS 2 level, 2008)

Enterprises expecting to hire new employees

(% in total) 28.6 % - Growth Rate 2009-2010: ____%

Enterprises expecting to hire new employees (size class)

1-9

_______ numbers of persons % ____

10-49 _______ numbers of persons % ____ 50-249 _______ numbers of persons % ____ 250-499 _______ numbers of persons % ____ 500 and over ______ numbers of persons % ____ Most sectors involved

1) ____________ (___%) NACE classification (_) Growth Rate 2009-2010: ____% 2)____________ (___%) NACE classification (_) Growth Rate 2009-2010: ____% 3)____________ (___%) NACE classification (_) Growth Rate 2009-2010: ____%

Employment forecast Growth Rate

Growth Rate 2009-2010: (+-) ____%

Main reasons for hiring people

Replacement of employees leaving the company ____% Replacement of employees on maternity leave/ other ____%

22 %

Seasonal activities/processes - 18.7 % Increasing demand 18 % Need to improve company’s quality and efficiency ____% Opening new branches or departments ____% Less reliance on external suppliers ____% Need to expand sales, find new markets ____% Need to develop new products or services ____%

������������������������������������������������������������������������   The data here collected are the same as elaborated by Questionnaire I.

35 The project is implemented through the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF.


Main reasons not to hire people

Enough employees ____% The present staff is already oversized____% Can not recruit because of budget constraints ____% Can not find workers with the necessary specialization ____% The company is closing down or will be sold ____% Lack of sufficient space ____%

Main involved sectors in new hirings

1) ____________ (35.3 %) NACE classification (manufactiring) Growth Rate 2009-2010: ____% 2)____________ (18.7 %) NACE classification (public administration and defence) Growth Rate 2009-2010: ____% 3)____________ (16.4 %) NACE classification (human health and social work activities) Growth Rate 2009-2010: ____%

Hirings forecast in 2010 - professional group (%)

1)____________ (29.78 %) ISCO classification (8)

ISCO-08 Major Groups

Growth Rate 2009-2010: (+-) ____%

Managers

2)____________ (25.79 %) ISCO classification (9)

Professionals

Growth Rate 2009-2010: (+-) ____%

Technicians and associate professionals

3)____________ (15.31 %) ISCO classification (7)

Office Clerks

Growth Rate 2009-2010: (+-) ____%

Service and sales workers Skilled agricultural, forestry and fishery workers Craft and related trades workers Plant and machine operators, and assemblers Elementary occupations New hirings education and experiences required

No 28.7 % Yes 71.3 % - If Yes Secondary education ___% Post-secondary education -30,5 % Vocational training ___%

Main skills required (as from the Q1 list)

1)____________ (___%)(__) NACE classification (__) Growth Rate 2009-2010: (+-) ____% 2)____________ (___%) NACE classification (__) Growth Rate 2009-2010: (+-) ____% 3)____________ (___%) NACE classification (__) Growth Rate 2009-2010: (+-) ____%

Companies that organize training

___% of total no. of companies

Size class

1 1-9 employees _________% 10-49 employees _________% 50 employees and more _________%

36 The project is implemented through the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF.


Main sectors involved

1)____________ (___%)(__) NACE classification (__) Growth Rate 2009-2010: (+-) ____% 2)____________ (___%) NACE classification (__) Growth Rate 2009-2010: (+-) ____% 3)____________ (___%)NACE classification (__) Growth Rate 2009-2010: (+-) ____%

Main sources for enterprises’ job recruitment

Size Class 1-9 employees

1) Direct contact with employers/employees

1)____________ (___%) (specify n. i.e. 2 if University/School database search

2) University/School database search

2)____________ (___%) (n.__)

3) Resume (curricula vitae) received from candidates

3)____________ (___%) (n.__)

4) Internships /stage

Size Class 10-49 employees

5) Employers/employees Federations

1)____________ (___%) (specify n. i.e. 2 if University/School database search

6) Job Center

2)____________ (___%) (n.__)

7) Recruitment Agency

3)____________ (___%) (n.__)

8) Job search companies (i.e. Adecco)

Size Class 50 employees and more

9) News- papers

1)____________ (___%) (specify n. i.e. 2 if University/School database search

10) Web sites – internet – Eures

2)____________ (___%) (n.__) 3)____________ (___%) (n.__) Generally: 1) 52.07 % (1) - 2) 37.78 % (6) - 3) 36.47 % (3) - 4) 27.82 % (9)

1.5.4 Education / Training Offer Number of Institutions

Number of students15 (in the last Academic year)

Secondary Education (NUTS 3 level)

140 (only upper-secondary)

24,191 (2009)

Post-secondary Education (NUTS 2 level, 2008/2009)

219

102,869

(31 in tertiary)

(84,155 in tertiary)

Vocational Training 45

45  Intended as the rough amount of total students in the NUTS III region attending the last academic year (or at least the most recent data available – in case please specify!).

37 The project is implemented through the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF.


1.5.5 Impact of the Local/Regional Education / Training Offer Provide here the requested information by giving evidence of the % of the answers collected on the survey in each investigated field 46 Secondary Education

Post-secondary Education

Vocational Training

< 1 year *

> 1 year

< 1 year

> 1 year

< 1 year

> 1 year

79.8 %

84.4 %

84.3 %

89.1 %

75.4 %

20.2 %

12.5 %

15.0 %

9.1 %

23.0 %

0.0 %

0.0 %

0.7 %

1.8 %

1.6 %

Yes 61.1 %

36.3 %

80.0 %

54.0 %

76.0 %

63.9 %

Employment conditions Working 94.4 % Job searching 5.6 % Not working / job searching 0.0 % Working experience (stage/ internship) No 38.9 %

63.7 %

20.0 %

46.0 %

24.1 %

36.1 %

Useful 81.8 %

61.0 %

81.3 %

62.2 %

64.3 %

51.3 %

Not useful 18.2 %

39.0 %

18.8 %

37.8 %

35.7 %

48.6 %

Thanks to the course of study 11.8 % (Internship)

15.0 %

18.8 %

13.9 %

16.4 %

16.9 %

Job listing / announcements 17.6 %

43.1 %

56.3 %

41.6 %

45.5 %

42.4 %

6.9 %

0.0 %

10.9 %

3.6 %

10.2 %

36.3 %

21.9 %

38.0 %

36.4 %

33.9 %

7.5 %

6.3 %

8.8 %

7.3 %

11.9 %

5.0 %

3.1 %

8.0 %

5.5 %

10.2 %

74.5 %

77.4 %

77.3 %

77.4 %

71.2 %

Access to the Labour Market

Public job competition 5.9 % Employment centres 11.8 % Personal contacts 58.8 % Other 0.0 % How much time after the graduation Within 6 months 100.0 % Within 6 to 12 months 0.0 %

17.6 %

16.1 %

14.4 %

15.1 %

16.9 %

Within 2 years 0.0 %

5.2 %

6.5 %

5.3 %

3.8 %

8.5 %

Within 3 years 0.0 %

2.6 %

0.0 %

3.0 %

3.8 %

3.4 %

Highly useful 0.0 %

11.0 %

20.0 %

10.3 %

18.5 %

10.3 %

Enough useful 58.8 %

36.8 %

36.7 %

52.9 %

50.0 %

50.0 %

Poorly useful / not at all 41.2 %

52.3 %

43.3 %

36.8 %

31.5 %

39.7 %

1) … Coordination

Coordination capacity

Coordination capacity

Coordination capacity

Ability to manage many important tasks simultaneously. managing people

Ability to manage many important tasks simultaneously. managing people

2) … Ability to

Ability to manage many important tasks simultaneously. managing people

Ability to manage many important tasks simultaneously. managing people

Ability to manage many important tasks simultaneously. managing people

Coordination capacity

Coordination capacity

3) … Negotiation

Negotiation capacity

Negotiation capacity

Negotiation capacity

Negotiation capacity

Negotiation capacity

Utility of the acquired knowledge for the current job position

Skills required in the job position ** capacity

manage many important tasks simultaneously. managing people

capacity

* Elapsed time from the graduation to the time of the survey. ** Please list here the first 3 most representative skills as resulting from the survey (providing their % over the total) ������������������������������������������������������   According to Questionnaire II contents and structure

38 The project is implemented through the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF.


1.6 Walbrzyski region 1.6.1 Legal Framework GYMNASIUM – EDUCATION PATHS AFTER GYMNASIUM The gymnasium (lower secondary education) as a compulsory general education school of the third stage was introduced in the school year 1999/2000 in accordance with a new reform (the Act of the 8th of January 1999 implementing Provisions for the Reform of the School System). The gymnasium concludes with a standardized external examination, provided that all final marks obtained in this stage of education are positive.  The examination results should guide the choice of a further educational pathway at the stage of upper secondary education.   POST-GYMNASIUM (UPPER SECONDARY) SCHOOLS comprises the following types of education institutions: •

zasadnicze szkoły zawodowe (basic vocational schools) which offers two to three years of full-time upper secondary vocational education- students having passed a vocational exam are awarded with a diploma confirming vocational qualifications,

3- year licea ogólnoksztalcące (general secondary schools) which enable pupils to take the Matura exam and obtain the maturity certificate,

3-year licea profiliowane (subject oriented secondary schools) teaching is carried out in the general profiles of vocational training, it enables the pupils to take the Matura exam and obtain the maturity certificate,

4-year technika (vocational secondary schools) which enable pupils to obtain a vocational qualifications diploma upon passing an exam, and to take the Matura exam and obtain the maturity certificate,

2-year uzupełniające licea ogólnokształcące (supplementary general secondary schools) for basic vocational school leavers,

3-year technika uzupełniające (supplementary secondary vocational schools) for graduates of basic vocational schools which enables pupils to obtain a vocational qualifications diploma upon passing an exam, as well as to take the Matura exam and obtain the maturity certificate.

  TERTIARY SCHOOLS (HIGHER STUDIES) The Education System Act excludes tertiary schools from the education system. However, pursuant to Art. 4 Par. 3 of the Act on National Higher Education System from 30 August 2005, tertiary schools are an integral part of the education and science system. Therefore some argue that excluding tertiary schools from the education system, based on vague and arbitrary criteria, is unjustified [See P. Bała, Konstytucyjne prawo do nauki a polski system oświaty, Warsaw: 2009, p. 244].

39 The project is implemented through the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF.


1.6.2 Statistical Indicators47 Population (2010)

67,218

Population Growth Forecast (2011)

2.5 %

Migration inflow Growth Rate

0.9 %

Migrant persons

1.9 %

Migrantsâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; countries of origin

1) Czech Republic 2) Bulgaria

Unemployment rate 2010

28.9 % - Growth Rate 2009-2010: 0.5 %

Employment rate (age group 15-64)

28.9 %

Regional sector specialisations 2009

1) Agriculture (0.6 %)

(% of regional total employment: agriculture + industry + services = 100)

2) Industry (12.5 %)

Employment types of contracts

Open-ended contracts (________ numbers of persons) (____%)

3) Services (15.8 %) Growth Rate 2009-2010: ____% Fixed-term job contracts (________ numbers of persons) Growth Rate 2009-2010: ____% Apprenticeship or youth employment contract (________ numbers of persons) Growth Rate 2009-2010: ____% Other contracts including staff engaged under atypical contracts (not employees) (________ numbers of persons) Growth Rate 2009-2010: ____%

Regional employment rate by gender

Regional employment rate 28.9 % - Women: 14.1 % Growth Rate 2009-2010: 2 % - Men 14.8 % Growth Rate 2009-2010: 2 %

National employment by gender

Employment rate 59 % - Women: (4,152,225 numbers of employees) 47.6 % Growth Rate 2009-2010: ____% - Men (4,340,363 numbers of employees) 52.4 % Growth Rate 2009-2010: 0.9 %

Migrant workers (foreign citizens)

(________ numbers of employees) ___% of total employees

Regional GDP per capita

6,113 Euro (44.2 % of total national GDP per capita)

Regional Income

581 Euro per capita Growth Rate 2009-2010: ____%

47â&#x20AC;&#x201A; The data here collected must be the most recent ones (please specify the year) and anyway in line with all the statistics of the Regional Survey. This document is not intended to replace the official statistic sources at national or European level but rather tryes to create a significant detailed picture of the ET-struct region as a whole, starting from the information already available.

40 The project is implemented through the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF.


Regular use of Internet (percentage of persons who accessed the Internet, on average, at least once a week) 2008

44 %

Regular use of computer (percentage of persons who use pc, on average, at least once a week) 2008

59 %

Regional Total R&D expenditure as a percentage of GDP (all sector)

9.6 %

National total R&D expenditure as a percentage of GDP (all sector)

_____ %

Researchers as a percentage of persons employed

______ %

No. of students in all levels of education, as a percentage of total population

14.7 %

Educational attainment level (percentage of the population aged 25–64 having completed tertiary education)

10.2 %

Accommodation capacity (number of bed places by type of accommodation)

3,128 Hotels (1-2-3-4-5 stars Hotel)

Average length of stay of foreign tourists (Hotels + extra hotels)

12 %

Active farms (No. and percentage over 1.000 inhabitants)

_________ - ________%

Percentage of cultivated area, agro-food production export

__________%

Socio-economic Growth Rate 2010-2011

2010

2011

GDP per capita

3.7 %

4.0 %

Growth Rate: Negative __% Growth Rate: Negative __%

Positive __% Positive __%

10,768 extra Hotels (b&b, youth hostel rural-tourism accommodation, guest houses…)

1.6.3 Education / Training demand48 Occupational need expected forecast 2011

New hirings: 31 - Dismissals: 29 Growth Rate 2009-2010: ____%

Enterprises expecting to hire new employees

(% in total)_31__% - Growth Rate 2009-2010: ____%

Enterprises expecting to hire new employees (size class)

1-9: ______ numbers of persons 5 % 10-49: ______ numbers of persons 15 % 50-249: ______ numbers of persons 11 % 250-499: _______ numbers of persons __ % 500 and over: ______ numbers of persons __ %

Most sectors involved

1) Manufacturing, production planning (56 %) NACE classification (__) Growth Rate 2009-2010: ____% 2) Commercial sales (41 %)NACE classification (__) Growth Rate 2009-2010: ____% 3) Purchasing, logistics, warehouse(19 %)NACE classification (__) Growth Rate 2009-2010: ____%

������������������������������������������������������������������������   The data here collected are the same as elaborated by Questionnaire I.

41 The project is implemented through the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF.


Employment forecast Growth Rate

Growth Rate 2009-2010: (+-) +1.7 %

Main reasons for hiring people

Replacement of employees leaving the company 41 % Seasonal activities/processes 0.5 % Replacement of employees on maternity leave/ other 0.5 % Increasing demand 21 % Need to improve companyâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s quality and efficiency 11 % Opening new branches or departments 7 % Less reliance on external suppliers 0.5 % Need to expand sales, find new markets 11 % Need to develop new products or services 0.5 %

Main reasons not to hire people

Enough employees 68 % The present staff is already oversized 2 % Can not recruited because of budget constraints 3 % Can not find workers with the necessary specialization 25% The company is closing down or will be sold 0 % Lack of sufficient space 2 %

Main involved sectors in new hirings

1) Trade, repair of motor vehicles (63 %) NACE classification (G) Growth Rate: Negative __% Positive __% - stable 2) Manufacturing (18 %) NACE classification (C) Growth Rate: Negative __% Positive __% - stable 3) Construction (11 %) NACE classification (F) Growth Rate: Negative __% Positive __% - stable

Hirings forecast in 2010 - professional group (%)

1) service and sales workers (29 %) ISCO classification (__)

ISCO-08 Major Groups

Growth Rate 2009-2010: (+-) ____%

Managers

2) Craft and related trades workers (31 %)ISCO classification (__)

Professionals

Growth Rate 2009-2010: (+-) ____%

Technicians and associate professionals

3) Professionals (13 %) ISCO classification (__)

Office Clerks

Growth Rate 2009-2010: (+-) ____%

Service and sales workers Skilled agricultural, forestry and fishery workers Craft and related trades workers Plant and machine operators, and assemblers Elementary occupations New hirings education and experiences required

No 34 % Yes 66 % - If Yes Secondary education 69 % Post-secondary education 8 % Vocational training 14 %

42 The project is implemented through the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF.


Main skills required (as from the Q1 list)

1) Management of material resources (53 %) NACE classification (__) Growth Rate 2009-2010: (+-) ____% 2) Customer focus (56 %) NACE classification (__) Growth Rate 2009-2010: (+-) ____% 3) Ability to work in group (46 %) NACE classification (__) Growth Rate 2009-2010: (+-) ____%

Companies that organize training

74 % of total no. of companies

Size class

1-9 employees 11 % 10-49 employees 32 % 50 employees and more 31 %

Main sectors involved

1) Trade, repair of motor vehicles (36 %)NACE classification (G) Growth Rate 2009-2010: (+-) ____% 2)_Manufacturing (34 %) NACE classification (C) Growth Rate 2009-2010: (+-) ____% 3)____________ (___%) NACE classification (__) Growth Rate 2009-2010: (+-) ____%

Main sources for enterprises’ job recruitment

Size Class 1-9 employees

1) Direct contact with employers/employees

1) Direct contact (32 %) (specify n. i.e. 2 if University/School database search

2) University/School database search

2) Job center (36 %) (n.)

3) Resume (curricula vitae) received from candidates

3) CV (17 %) (n.)

4) Internships /stage

Size Class 10-49 employees

5) Employers/employees Federations

1) Direct contact (32 %) (specify n. i.e. 2 if University/School database search

6) Job Center

2) Job center (36 %) (n.)

7) Recruitment Agency

3) CV (17 %) (n.)

8) Job search companies (i.e. Adecco)

Size Class 50 employees and more

9) News- papers

1) CV (30 %) (specify n. i.e. 2 if University/School database search

10) Web sites – internet – Eures

2) Job center (36 %) (n.) 3) Direct contact (18 %) (n.)

43 The project is implemented through the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF.


1.6.4 Education / Training Offer Number of Institutions

Number of students49 (in the last Academic year)

Secondary Education

166

24,653

Post-secondary Education

8

10,000

Vocational Training

62

3,234

49

49â&#x20AC;&#x201A; Intended as the rough amount of total students in the NUTS III region attending the last academic year (or at least the most recent data available â&#x20AC;&#x201C; in case please specify!).

44 The project is implemented through the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF.


1.6.5 Impact of the Local/Regional Education / Training Offer Secondary Education

Post-secondary Education

Vocational Training

< 1 year *

< 1 year

< 1 year

> 1 year

> 1 year

> 1 year

Employment conditions Working

62

69

60

Job searching

26

25

21

Not working / job searching

14

6

19

Yes

93.5

93.5

93.5

Working experience (stage/internship) No

6.5

6.5

6.5

Useful

45

45

45

Not useful

55

55

55

Thanks to the course of study (Internship)

19.3

19.3

19.3

Job listing / announcements

25.8

25.8

25.8

9.7

9.7

9.7

32.2

32.2

32.2

13

13

13

Within 6 months

45.2

45.2

45.2

Within 6 to 12 months

13.4

13.4

13.4

Within 2 years

32.2

32.2

32.2

Within 3 years

3.2

3.2

3.2

Highly useful

6.5

6.5

6.5

Enough useful

64.5

64.5

64.5

29

29

29

1) …

73

73

73

2) …

61

61

61

3) …

48

48

48

Access to the Labour Market

Public job competition Employment centres Personal contacts Other How much time after the graduation

Utility of the acquired knowledge for the current job position

Poorly useful / not at all Skills required in the job position **

* Elapsed time from the graduation to the time of the survey. ** Please list here the first 3 most representative skills as resulting from the survey (providing their % over the total)

45 The project is implemented through the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF.


1.7 Gorenjska Slovenija 1.7.1 Legal Framework Slovenia has two ministries dealing with education: the Ministry of Education and Sport and the Ministry of Higher Education, Science and Technology. The first one is dealing with pre-school children, basic education, music schools, secondary education, adult education institutions, higher vocational education and sport. The second one is mostly dealing with higher education. The Slovenian Constitution guarantees free education to Slovenian nationals. Basic education is mandatory and funded from budgetary resources. The State is required to enable its citizens to obtain appropriate education. State universities and professional colleges are autonomous. Members of ethnic minorities have the right to receive and further instruction in their mother tongue. Roma are likewise granted special educational rights. Slovenia has signed over 30 bilateral agreements on co-operation in education, culture and science, more than 20 programs and some protocols. Since 1992, Slovenia has actively participated in all educational projects of the Council of Europe and has been involved in the work of the UNESCO. Since 1999, it has taken part in the European Union programs of Socrates, Leonardo and Youth. Since 2002, the Ministry of Education and Sport has co-operated also with the OECD. The Slovenian education system consists of: •

Pre-school education,

Basic education (single structure of primary and lower secondary education),

(Upper) secondary education: •

vocational and technical education,

secondary general education,

Higher vocational education,

Higher education.

Specific parts of the system: •

Adult education,

Music and dance education,

Special needs education,

Modified programs and programs in ethnically and lingual mixed areas.

The educational system is strongly regulated by law. There are more then 30 different acts and rules that regulate the school system before university, among which the most important are: •

The Gimnazija Act

The Matura Act

Vocational Education Act

In higher education system there are more than 70 legal acts and international and bilateral conventions. Most important are: •

Higher education act

Collective agreement for education

Public sector salary system act

Collective agreement for the research

Decree on the introduction and use of the classification system of education and training decree on the introduction and use of the standard classification of occupations employment relationship act

46 The project is implemented through the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF.


47 The project is implemented through the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF.


1.7.2 Statistical Indicators50 Population

202,903 (2010)

Population Growth Forecast

0.44 %

Migration inflow Growth Rate

8.5 %

Migrant persons (percentage on population)

3.5 %

Migrants’ countries of origin

1) Bosnia and Herzegovina, 2) Kosovo 3) Former Yugoslavian Republic of Macedonia

Unemployment rate

7.8 % - Growth Rate: 2009-2010 1,7 %

Employment rate

61,3 %

Regional sector specialisations

1) Agriculture (0.5 %)

(% of regional total employment: agriculture + industry + services = 100)

2) Industry (43.2 %)

Employment types of contracts

Open-ended contracts (20 numbers of persons) (10 %)

3) Services (56.3 %) Growth Rate 2009-2010: 0 % Fixed-term job contracts (140 numbers of persons) (70 %) Growth Rate 2009-2010: N/A % Apprenticeship or youth employment contract (30 numbers of persons) (15 %) Growth Rate 2009-2010: -5 % Other contracts including staff engaged under atypical contracts (not employees) (10 numbers of persons) (5 %) Growth Rate 2009-2010: -10 %

Regional employment by gender

Regional employment rate 70,950 - Women: 43.73 %, - Men 56.27 % Growth Rate 2009-2010: 0 % Growth Rate 2009-2010: 0 %

National employment by gender

Employment: 844,655 - Women: (369,253 number of employees) 43.71 % - Men (475,402 number of employees) 56.29 % Growth Rate 2009-2010: -4 %

Migrant workers

( N/A numbers of employees) N/A % of total employees Growth Rate 2009-2010: N/A %

Regional GDP per capita (2008)

15,495 Euro (8.4% of total national GDP per capita)

Regional Income (Household disposable income)

Euro per capita: 10,578 Growth Rate 2009-2010: N/A %

���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������   The data here collected must be the most recent ones (please specify the year) and anyway in line with all the statistics of the Regional Survey. This document is not intended to replace the official statistic sources at national or European level but rather tryes to create a significant detailed picture of the ET-struct region as a whole, starting from the information already available.

48 The project is implemented through the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF.


VAT Registered Enterprises

4,923 Units - Growth Rate 2009-2010: -4 %

Enterprise size class:

1-9: N/A employees % N/A

*data available only for Slovenia

10-49: N/A employees % N/A 50-249: N/A employees % N/A 250-499: N/A employees % N/A 500 and over: N/A employees % N/A

Production

Production for national market (N/A %)

*data available only for Slovenia

Production value N/A (Euro) Growth Rate 2009-2010: N/A %

Export

Export production (N/A %)

*data available only for Slovenia

Production value N/A (Euro) Growth Rate 2009-2010: N/A %

Main export areas

EU27 (N/A %)

*data available only for Slovenia

Production value N/A (Euro) Growth Rate 2009-2010: N/A % Non EU27 (N/A %) Growth Rate 2009-2010: N/A %

Regular use of Internet (percentage of persons who accessed the Internet, on average, at least once a week) 2008

64 % (2009)

Regular use of computer (percentage of persons who use pc, on average, at least once a week) 2008

58 % (2009)

Regional Total R&D expenditure as a percentage of GDP (all sector) (2009)

1.45 % Growth Rate: Negative __%

Positive __%

X - Stable National total R&D expenditure as a percentage of GDP (all sector)

1.86 %

Researchers as a percentage of persons employed

1.1 %

No. of students in all levels of education, as a percentage of total population

11 %

Educational attainment level (percentage of the population aged 25â&#x20AC;&#x201C;64 having completed tertiary education)

23.7 %

Accommodation capacity (number of bed places by type of accommodation) (2009)

5,527 Hotels (1-2-3-4-5 stars Hotel)

Average length of stay of foreign tourists (Hotels + extra hotels)

2.7 days

Active farms (No. and percentage over 1.000 inhabitants)

_________ - ________%

Percentage of cultivated area, agro-food production export

__________%

Socio-economic Growth Rate 2010-2011

GDP per capita 2010: N/A %

X Positive 0.20% - Stable

Growth Rate: Negative __%

12,160 extra Hotels (b&b, youth hostel rural-tourism accommodation, guest housesâ&#x20AC;Ś)

2011: N/A %

49 The project is implemented through the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF.


1.7.3 Education / Training demand51 Occupational need expected forecast 2011

New hirings 8 % - Dismissals 10 % Growth Rate 2010-2011: - 2 %

Enterprises expecting to hire new employees

(8 % in total) - Growth Rate 2009-2010: - 2 %

Enterprises expecting to hire new employees (size class)

1-9: 12 numbers of persons 11 % 10-49: 19 numbers of persons 18 % 50-249: 26 numbers of persons 26 % 250-499: 21 numbers of persons 20 % 500 and over: 25 numbers of persons 25 %

Most sectors involved

1) Manufacturing Growth Rate 2010-2011: -3 % 2) Construction Growth Rate 2010-2011: -8 % 3) Wholesale, retail and repair Growth Rate 2010-2011: -2 %

Employment forecast Growth Rate

Growth Rate 2010-2011: (-) 2 %

Main reasons for hiring people

X Replacement of employees leaving the company 32 % X Seasonal activities/processes 10 % Replacement of employees on maternity leave/ other 7 % Increasing demand 8 % Need to improve company’s quality and efficiency 6% X Opening new branches or departments 9 % Less reliance on external suppliers 4 % Need to expand sales, find new markets 18 % X Need to develop new products or services 6 %

Main reasons not to hire people

X Enough employees 19 % The present staff is already oversized 9 % X Can not recruit because of budget constraints 42% X Can not find workers with the necessary specialization 12% The company is closing down or will be sold 16 % Lack of sufficient space 2 %

Main involved sectors in new hirings

1) accommodation (5%) Growth Rate: Negative __% x Positive 2) Manufacturing (3 %) Growth Rate: Negative __% Positive X - stable 3) Wholesale, retail and repair (3 %) Growth Rate: Negative __% x Positive

������������������������������������������������������������������������   The data here collected are the same as elaborated by Questionnaire I.

50 The project is implemented through the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF.


Hirings forecast in 2010 - professional group (%)

Service and sales workers (41 %) ISCO classification (5)

ISCO-08 Major Groups

Growth Rate 2009-2010: + 5 %

1 Managers

Technicians and associate professionals (30 %) ISCO classification (3)

2 Professionals

Growth Rate 2009-2010: +2 %

3 Technicians and associate professionals

Craft and related trades workers (27%) ISCO classification (7)

4 Office Clerks

Growth Rate 2009-2010: + 3 %

5 Service and sales workers 6 Skilled agricultural, forestry and fishery workers 7 Craft and related trades workers 8 Plant and machine operators, and assemblers 9 Elementary occupations New hirings education and experiences required

No 27 % Yes 73 % - If Yes Secondary education 60 % Post-secondary education 2 % Vocational training 38 %

Main skills required (as from the Q1 list)

Customer orientation (42 %) (21) NACE classification (I) Growth Rate 2009-2010: +8 % ICT skills (34 %) (17) NACE classification (C) Growth Rate 2009-2010: +11 % Problem solving (24 %) (12) NACE classification (G) Growth Rate 2009-2010: +4 %

Companies that organize training

37 % of total no. of companies

Size class

1 1-9 employees 11 % 10-49 employees 38 % 50 employees and more 72 %

Main sectors involved

Information and communication (46%)(23) NACE classification (I) Growth Rate 2009-2010: 0 % Manufacturing (36%)(18) NACE classification (C) Growth Rate 2009-2010: -2 % wholesale and retail trade (24)(12) NACE classification (F) Growth Rate 2009-2010: -3 %

51 The project is implemented through the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF.


Main sources for enterprises’ job recruitment

Size Class 1-9 employees

1) Direct contact with employers/employees

1) Direct contact (75 %) (n.12)

2) University/School database search

2) Recruitment Agency (25 %) (n.4)

3) Resume (curricula vitae) received from candidates

3) ______(0 %) (n.0)

4) Internships /stage

Size Class 10-49 employees

5) Employers/employees Federations

1) Direct contact (50 %) (n.30)

6) Job Center

2) Recruitment Agency (30 %) (n.18)

7) Recruitment Agency

3) Job search companies (20 %) (n.12)

8) Job search companies (i.e. Adecco)

Size Class 50 employees and more

9) News- papers

1) CV (40 %) (n.32)

10) Web sites – internet – Eures

2) Direct contact (40 %) (n.32) 3) Job search companies (20 %) (n.16)

1.7.4 Education / Training Offer Number of Institutions

Number of students52 (in the last Academic year)

Secondary Education

18

1,390

Post-secondary Education

18

752

Vocational Training

7

52

52  Intended as the rough amount of total students in the NUTS III region attending the last academic year (or at least the most recent data available – in case please specify!).

52 The project is implemented through the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF.


1.7.5 Impact of the Local/Regional Education / Training Offer Provide here the requested information by giving evidence of the % of the answers collected on the survey in each investigated field 53 Secondary Education

Post-secondary Education

Vocational Training

< 1 year *

> 1 year

< 1 year

> 1 year

< 1 year

> 1 year

Working

20 %

30 %

40 %

50 %

95 %

5%

Job searching

70 %

40 %

60 %

30 %

5%

3%

Not working / job searching

60 %

30 %

60 %

50 %

5%

3%

Yes

80 %

80 %

75 %

75 %

50 %

50 %

Employment conditions

Working experience (stage/internship) No

20 %

20 %

25 %

25 %

50 %

50 %

Useful

95 %

95 %

95 %

95 %

95 %

95 %

Not useful

5%

5%

5%

5%

5%

5%

25 %

25 %

40 %

40 %

75 %

75 %

20 %

20 %

10 %

10 %

65 %

65 %

40 %

40 %

25 %

25 %

Access to the Labour Market Thanks to the course of study (Internship) Job listing / announcements Public job competition Employment centres Personal contacts Other How much time after the graduation Within 6 months

10 %

10 %

20 %

10 %

90 %

90 %

Within 6 to 12 months

10 %

10 %

20 %

10 %

10 %

10 %

Within 2 years

10 %

10 %

5%

5%

0%

0%

Within 3 years

10 %

10 %

5%

5%

0%

0%

Highly useful

10 %

15 %

15 %

15 %

40 %

40 %

Enough useful

10 %

15 %

15 %

15 %

40 %

40 %

Poorly useful / not at all

80 %

70 %

70 %

70 %

20 %

20 %

Utility of the acquired knowledge for the current job position

Skills required in the job position ** 1) … Customer orientation (40 %)

Customer orientation (35 %)

Manual skills

2) …

Relational skills (30 %)

ICT skills (40 %)

Customer orientation (20 %)

3) …

Speaking (30 %)

Problem solving (25 %)

(70 %)

Technical skills (10 %)

* Elapsed time from the graduation to the time of the survey. ** Please list here the first 3 most representative skills as resulting from the survey (providing their % over the total)

������������������������������������������������������   According to Questionnaire II contents and structure

53 The project is implemented through the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF.


1.8 Jugovzhodna Slovenija 1.8.1 Legal Framework Age

Age

general matura

voc. matura + ME

vocational matura

The Structure of the Education System in Slovenia 2009/2010 54 (Source: Ministry of Education and Sport of the Republic of Slovenia)

����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������   For more details over the national / regional education & training system please refer to the Regional Survey.

54 The project is implemented through the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF.


1.8.2 Statistical Indicators55 Population

142,408 (1.7.2010)

Population Growth Forecast

0.7 % (2009-2010)

Migration inflow Growth Rate

-3,5 % (2008-2009)

Migrant persons (percentage on population)

3.6 % (1.7.2010)

Migrants’ countries of origin

1) Bosnia and Herzegovina 2) Serbia 3) Kosovo

Source: Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia (SORS)

Unemployment rate

(2009) 6.1 % (2009)56 9.9 % (Jan-Okt 2010) - Growth Rate (2009-2010): 3.1 %57

Employment rate

57.6 (2009)

Regional sector specialisations

n/a

(% of regional total employment: agriculture + industry + services = 100) Employment types of contracts58

Open-ended contracts (948 numbers of persons) (17 %) Growth Rate 2009-2010: -43.75 % Fixed-term job contracts (4,487 numbers of persons), (83 %), 2010 Growth Rate 2009-2010: -56.25 %

Regional employment by gender

Regional employment rate: 57.6 % (2009)59 - Women: n/a- Men n/a Growth Rate 2008-2009: -0,4 %

National employment by gender

Employment rate: 7.0 % - Women: 440,000 employees or 45 %; Men: 528,000 employees or 54.5 % (3rd quarter 2010) Growth Rate 2009-2010: 0.8 %60

Migrant workers

n/a61 Growth Rate 2009-2010: n/a

Source: SORS and the Employment Service of Slovenia Source: SORS

Regional GDP per capita

17,145 Euro (92.93 % of total national GDP per capita) (in 2008)

Regional Income

10,342 Euro per capita (in 2008) Growth Rate 2007-2008: 6.9%

565758596061

���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������   The data here collected must be the most recent ones (please specify the year) and anyway in line with all the statistics of the Regional Survey. This document is not intended to replace the official statistic sources at national or European level but rather tryes to create a significant detailed picture of the ET-struct region as a whole, starting from the information already available. 56  The unemployment rate refers to the Labour Force Survey results for 2009 (for more details see: Labour Market. Rapid Reports. 28.9.2010, No 21. SORS. Available from: http://www.stat.si/doc/statinf/07-SI-008-1004.pdf ) 57  This data refers to the registered unemployment rate. There are methodological differences between register data and data obtained by the statistical Labour Force Survey. Registered unemployed persons are persons who are registered by the Employment service of Slovenia and fulfil all criteria defined by the employment office. 58  Data specified here refers only to new employments recorded in 2010 and 2009 by the Employment Service of Slovenia, the Regional Office of Novo mesto which only partly covers the statistical region of Jugovzgodna Slovenija, i.e. the following municipalities of Črnomelj, Dolenjske Toplice, Metlika, Mirna Peč, Mokronog-Trebelno, Novo mesto, Semič, Straža, Šentjernej, Šentrupert, Škocjan, Šmarješke Toplice, Trebnje, Žužemberk. 59  See Note 40. 60  In order to ensure comparability, the growth rate only refers to the third quarter of the respective year, i.e. from July to September. 61  The data is not available at the NUTS 3 level. At the National NUTS1 level the number of foreign daily migrants from neighbouring countries in 2009 was 2326 people.

55 The project is implemented through the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF.


VAT Registered Enterprises (2009)

8,699 Units or 5.4 % compared with Slovenia Growth Rate 2009-2010: n/a

Enterprise size class

n/a

Production (2009)

Production for national market (6.53 %) Production value 5.42 Billion (Euro) Growth Rate 2009-2010: n/a

Export (2009)

Export production (17.81 %) Production value: EUR 2.85 Billion Growth Rate 2009-2010: n/a

Main export areas (2009)

EU27: 17.81 % compared with Slovenia’s export to EU27; 78.1 % compared with total export of Jugovzhodna Slovenija Production value: EUR 2,23 Billion Growth Rate 2009-2010: n/a Non EU27: 12.94 % compared with Slovenia’s export to non EU27 21.92 % compared with total export of Jugovzhodna Slovenija Growth Rate 2009-2010: n/a

Source: SORS

Regular use of Internet (percentage of persons who accessed the Internet, on average, at least once a week)

70 %62 (2010)

Regular use of computer (percentage of persons who use pc, on average, at least once a week)

72 %63 (2010)

Source: SORS6263

Regional Total R&D expenditure as a percentage of GDP (all sector)

2.8 % (2007); Gross domestic expenditure on R&D (in 2008): EUR 75.815 Mio Gross domestic expenditure on R&D (in 2007) EUR 63.006 Mio Growth Rate: ¨ Positive

National total R&D expenditure as a percentage of GDP (all sector)

1.66 % (2008)

Researchers as a percentage of persons employed

0.56 %

Growth Rate: ¨ Positive Number of researches employed in 2008: 279

Source: SORS

No. of students in all levels of education, as a percentage of total population64

7.14 % (2009/10)

Educational attainment level (percentage of the population aged 25–64 having completed tertiary education)

21.25 % (2009/10)

Source: SORS64

62  The data is only available at NUTS 1 level, i.e. for the entire Slovenia, and refers to the first quarter of 2010. It is based on an annual statistical Survey on ICT Usage in Households and by Individuals conducted by the Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia. The observation units are persons aged 10 to 74 and their households, and ca. 1,700 persons took part in the survey in 2010. 63  See Note 62. 64  No. of students available for the academic year 2009/2010 except for Adult Education (2008/09).

56 The project is implemented through the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF.


Accommodation capacity (number of bed places by type of accommodation)

1241 beds in Hotels (1-2-3-4-5 stars Hotel) 2527 beds in extra Hotels (b&b, youth hostel rural-tourism accommodation, guest houses…) (in 2009)

Average length of stay of foreign tourists (Hotels + extra hotels)

38.65 % (Percentage of overnight stays of foreign tourists in 2009)

Source: SORS

Active farms (No. and percentage over 1.000 inhabitants)

8,137 - 57.66 % over 1000 inhabitants65 (2007)

Percentage of cultivated area, agro-food production export

58.32 % (2007)

Source: SORS65

Socio-economic Growth Rate 2010-2011

GDP per capita (only available at NUTS 1 level, i.e. Slovenia): 2010: 17.575; 0.9 % 2011: 18.240; 2.5 %

Source: SORS and Institute of Macroeconomic Analysis and Development of the Republic of Slovenia

1.8.3 Education / Training demand66 Occupational need expected forecast 2011

New hirings: more than 70

Enterprises expecting to hire new employees

59 % (% in total)

Enterprises expecting to hire new employees (size class)

1-9: 6 companies; numbers of persons: 7 10-49: 2 comp.; numbers of persons: 6 50-249: 8 comp.; numbers of persons: more than 40 250-499:1 comp.; numbers of persons: more than 5 500 and over: 2 comp.; numbers of persons: more than 10

Most sectors involved

1) Manufacturing (56 %) manufacture of food products, beverages and tobacco (9.38 %) manufacture of textiles and textile products (6.25 %) manufacture of wood and wood products (12.5 %) manufacture of chemicals, chemical products and man-made fibres (9.38 %) manufacture of rubber and plastic products (6.25 %) manufacture of machinery and equipment (3.13 %) manufacture of electrical and optical equipment (3.13 %) manufacture of furniture (6.25 %) 2) Construction (19 %) 3) Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles, and personal and household good (9 %)

Employment forecast Growth Rate

Growth Rate 2009-2010: (+-) n/a

65  The number of active farms by statistical region is only available for the most recent reference year of 2007. In order to ensure comparability, the number of inhabitants as of 1.7.2007 has been taken into account (i.e. 141,129 inhabitants in the Jugovzhodna Slovenija region). ������������������������������������������������������������������������   The data here collected are the same as elaborated by Questionnaire I.

57 The project is implemented through the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF.


Main reasons for hiring people

Replacement of employees leaving the company: 22 % Seasonal activities/processes: 5 % Replacement of employees on maternity leave/ other: 10% Increasing demand: 15 % Need to improve companyâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s quality and efficiency: 15 % Opening new branches or departments: 2 % Less reliance on external suppliers: 3 % Need to expand sales, find new markets: 13 % Need to develop new products or services: 15 %

Main reasons not to hire people

Enough employees: 67 % Can not recruit because of budget constraints: 33 %

Main involved sectors in new hirings

1) Manufacturing (56 %) 2) Construction (17 %) 3) Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles, and personal and household good (11%)

Hirings forecast in 2010 - professional group (%)

1) Technicians and associate professionals (30.61 %) ISCO classification (3)

ISCO-08 Major Groups

2) Craft and related trades workers (16.33 %) ISCO classification (7)

1 Managers

3) Plant and machine operators, and assemblers (14.29 %) ISCO classification (8)

2 Professionals 3 Technicians and associate professionals 4 Office Clerks 5 Service and sales workers 6 Skilled agricultural, forestry and fishery workers 7 Craft and related trades workers 8 Plant and machine operators, and assemblers 9 Elementary occupations New hirings education and experiences required

No 41 % Yes 59 % - If Yes Secondary education: 45 % Post-secondary education: 30 % Vocational training: 25 %

Main skills required (as from the Q1 list)

1) Ability to work independently (10 %) 2) Ability to work in group (8 %) 3) Problem solving ability (7 %) 4) Speaking â&#x20AC;&#x201C; Talking to others to convey information effectively (7 %)

Companies that organize training

78% of total no. of companies

Size class

1-9 employees: 28.13 % 10-49 employees: 9.38 % 50 employees and more: 62.50 %

58 The project is implemented through the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF.


Main sectors involved

1) Manufacturing (56 %) 2) Construction (19 %) 3) Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles, and personal and household good (9 %)

Main sources for enterprises’ job recruitment

Size Class 1-9 employees

1) Direct contact with employers/employees

1) Direct contact with employers/employees (50 %)

2) University/School database search

2) Recruitment Agency (30 %)

3) Resume (curricula vitae) received from candidates

Size Class 10-49 employees

4) Internships /stage

1) Direct contact with employers/employees (50 %)

5) Employers/employees Federations

2) Job Center (25 %)

6) Job Center

3) Recruitment Agency (25 %)

7) Recruitment Agency

Size Class 50 employees and more

8) Job search companies (i.e. Adecco)

1) Direct contact with employers/employees (21 %)

9) News- papers

2) Resume (21 %)

10) Web sites – internet – Eures

3) Recruitment Agency (16 %)

59 The project is implemented through the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF.


1.8.4 Education / Training Offer Number of Institutions

Number of students67 (in the last Academic year)

Secondary Education

7

6,505

Post-secondary Education

8

2,790

68 69

(M-1,441, F-1,349)

Vocational Training

6

785 (data for 2008/09)

676869

67  Intended as the rough amount of total students in the NUTS III region attending the last academic year (or at least the most recent data available – in case please specify!). 68  Ekonomska šola Novo mesto, Grm-center biotehnike in turizma Novo mesto, Gimnazija Kočevje, Gimnazija Novo mesto, Srednja šola Črnomelj, Srednja šola Kočevje, Šolski center Novo mesto. 69  Higher vocational education institutions: School Centre (ŠC) Novo mesto - Higher Vocational College, Grm Novo mesto - Centre of Biotechnology and Tourism, Higher Vocational College, Ekonomska šola Novo mesto - Vocational College for Business Assistants and Accountants Novo mesto; Higher education institutions: Faculty of Infomation Studies (Higher Education Centre Novo mesto), School of Business and Management (Higher Education Centre Novo mesto), School of Technologies and Systems (Higher Education Centre Novo mesto), School of Health Science Novo mesto (Higher Education Centre Novo mesto); the following higher institutions were established only in 2009, therefore there was no enrolment in the academic year 2009/10: Faculty of Business and Management Sciences (Higher Education Centre Novo mesto), Faculty of Organisation Studies Novo mesto, Faculty of Industrial Engineering Novo mesto).

60 The project is implemented through the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF.


1.8.5 Impact of the Local/Regional Education / Training Offer Provide here the requested information by giving evidence of the % of the answers collected on the survey in each investigated field 70

717273

Secondary Education (N=83)

Post-secondary Education (N=63)

Vocational Training (N=1)

< 1 year *

> 1 year

< 1 year

> 1 year

< 1 year

> 1 year

Working 7.23 % (6)

7.23 % (6)

22.22 % (14)

31.75 % (20)

100 % (1)

/

Job searching 6.02 % (5)

2.41 % (2)

/

3.17 % (2)

/

/

/

/

Employment conditions

Not working / job searching

71

77.11 % (64)

42.86 % (27)

Working experience (stage/internship) Yes 26.51 % (22)

/

19.05 % (12)

7.94 % (5)

100 % (1)

/

No 3.61 % (3)

/

6.35 % (4)

9.52 % (6)

/

/

28.92 % (24)

31.74 % (20)

15.87 % (10)

/

/

1.2 % (1)

7.94 % (5)

/

/

/

Useful 12.05 % (10) Not useful 2.41 % (2) N/A 25.3 % (21)

1.59 % (1)

Access to the Labour Market72 Thanks to the course of study (Internship) /

/

11.11 % (7)

11.11 % (7)

/

/

Job listing / announcements /

2

7.94 % (5)

6.35 % (4)

1

/

1.2 % (1)

3.17 % (2)

9.52 % (6)

/

/

1.2 % (1)

/

1.59 % (1)

/

/

Personal contacts /

/

3.17 % (2)

3.17 % (2)

4.76 % (3)

/

Other /

/

/

3.17 % (2)

3.17 % (2)

/

3.61 % (3)

23.81 % (15)

20.63 % (13)

100 % (1)

/

Within 6 to 12 months /

/

/

6.35 % (4)

/

/

Within 2 years /

/

/

4.76 % (3)

/

/

Within 3 years /

/

/

/

/

/

Public job competition 1.2 % (1) Employment centres /

How much time after the graduation Within 6 months 0

N/A 96.39 % (80)

44.44 % (28)

Utility of the acquired knowledge for the current job position /

6.35 % (4)

4.76 % (3)

100 % (1)

/

Enough useful /

Highly useful 2.41 % (2)

2.41 % (2)

15.87 % (10)

23.81 % (15)

/

/

Poorly useful / not at all 1.2 % (1)

2.41 % (2)

1.59 % (1)

1.59 % (1)

/

/

missing (188)

acquired (0)

missing (7)

N/A 91.57 % (76) Skills required in the job position73 ** acquired (961)

46.03 % (29) missing (869)

acquired (188)

Secondary education 1) Relation capacity 6.01 % 2) Speaking - talking to others to convey 4.89 % information effectively 3) Ability to work in group 5 % 4) Coordination capacity 3.23 %

1.5 % 2.53 % 2.65 % 4.72 %

������������������������������������������������������   According to Questionnaire II contents and structure 71  The majority of those respondents were enrolled in the last year of their education programme. 72  Note: some of the respondents selected none/more options. 73  The percentage of the respondents from “Not working/job searching” also included into this field since they can give a very relevant picture of the skills acquired/missing in the current education programmes. Due to the differences between the selection of most representative skills among secondary and post-secondary students the list represents both groups separately. Furthermore the skills are divided as most representative among acquired in as well as missing from the education process.

61 The project is implemented through the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF.


Post-secondary education 1)Relation capacity

6.91 %

7.98 %

2) Speaking - talking to others to convey information effectively

5.85 %

8.51 %

10.11 %

4.26 %

3.19 %

9.04 %

3) Ability to work independently 4) Ability to manage many important tasks simultaneously, managing people Vocational Training (only 1 respondent!) 1) Speaking - talking to others to convey information effectively

14.29 %

2) Problem solving ability

14.29 %

3) ) Ability to manage many important tasks simultaneously, managing people

14.29 %

* Elapsed time from the graduation to the time of the survey. ** Please list here the first 3 most representative skills as resulting from the survey (providing their % over the total)

62 The project is implemented through the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF.


1.9 Province of Modena 1.9.1 Legal Framework Chart summarising the picture of the education / training in the region / country74

The Italian school system after the “Law 53/03” reform. On the left box: “The education provided is at least ten years compulsory and it’s aimed at achieving a degree of secondary school or a vocational qualification for at least three years within the age of eighteen. The age for access to work is therefore increased from fifteen to sixteen years”. See also Paragraph 1.10.1

����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������   For more details over the national / regional education & training system please refer to the Regional Survey.

63 The project is implemented through the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF.


1.9.2 Statistical Indicators75 Population (1/1/2010)

694,580

Population Growth Forecast (2010/2009)

0.9 %

Migration inflow Growth Rate

0.8 %

Migrant persons (percentage on population)

11.9 %

Migrants’ countries of origin

1) Marocco, 2) Romania, 3) Albania.

Unemployment rate 2009

5.2 % - Growth Rate: 2009-2010 +3%

Employment rate

68.4 %

Regional sector specialisations

1) Agriculture (3.5 %)

(% of regional total employment: agriculture + industry + services = 100)

2) Industry (41 %)

Employment types of contracts 2010*

Open-ended contracts (2,750 numbers of persons) 40.6 %

3) Services (55.45 %) Growth Rate 2009-2010: -5.8 % Fixed-term job contracts (3,320 numbers of persons) 49.01 % Growth Rate 2009-2010: -3.11 % Apprenticeship or youth employment contract (460 numbers of persons) 5.5 % Growth Rate 2009-2010: -3.69 % Other contracts including staff engaged under atypical contracts (not employees) (170 numbers of persons) 2.1 %

*forecast 2010

Growth Rate 2009-2010: -37.5 %

Regional employment by gender 2009**

Regional employment rate 68.4 % Women: 62.2 %, Growth Rate 2008-2009: -0.1 % Men 74.4 %, Growth Rate 2008-2009: -5.2 %

National employment by gender 2009**

Employment rate 57.55 %

** Source: Istat. Rilevazione continua delle forze di lavoro.

Women: 46.4 %, Growth Rate 2008-2009: -0.8 % Men 68.6 %, Growth Rate 2008-2009: -1.7 %

Migrant workers 2009

(52,608 numbers of employees) 19.9 % of total employees Growth Rate 2008-2009: -2.0 %

Regional GDP per capita 2009

31,984.94 Euro (+25.2 % of national GDP per capita)

Regional Income 2008

22,985 Euro per capita per family Growth Rate 2009-2010: +0.9 %

���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������   The data here collected must be the most recent ones (please specify the year) and anyway in line with all the statistics of the Regional Survey. This document is not intended to replace the official statistic sources at national or European level but rather tryes to create a significant detailed picture of the ETstruct region as a whole, starting from the information already available.

64 The project is implemented through the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF.


VAT Registered Enterprises (at 30/09/2010)

65,604 Units - Growth Rate 2009-2010: -0.9 %

Enterprise size class:

x 1-9

employees 93.7 %

x 10-49

employees 4.09 %

x 50-249

employees 0.49 %

250-499

employees ____%

500 and over

employees ____%

Production 2009

Production for national market (60 %) Production value na (Euro) Growth Rate 2008-2009: -21.4 %

Export 2009

Export production (40 %) Production value 8,152 (MlnEuro) Growth Rate 2009-2010: +7.5 %

Main export areas 2009

EU27 (53.8 %) Production value 4,390 (MlnEuro) Growth Rate 2009-2010: +0.7 % Non EU27 (46.2 %) Growth Rate 2009-2010: -5.3 %

Regular use of Internet (percentage of persons who accessed the Internet, on average, at least once a week) 2008 in E.R.

19.5 %

Regular use of computer (percentage of persons who use pc, on average, at least once a week) 2008 in E.R.

17.0 %

Regional Total R&D expenditure as a percentage of GDP (all sector)

na

National total R&D expenditure as a percentage of GDP (all sector) (Italy 2007)

+1,18 %

Researchers as a percentage of persons employed in enterprise

35 %

No. of students in all levels of education, as a percentage of total population

15 %

Educational attainment level (percentage of the population aged 25–64 having completed tertiary education)

95 %

Accommodation capacity (number of bed places by type of accommodation) 2009

12,881 Hotels (1-2-3-4-5 stars Hotel)

Average length of stay of foreign tourists (Hotels + extra hotels)

30 %

Active farms (N° and percentage of total enterprise)

9,553 - 14 %

Percentage of cultivated area, agro-food production export

0.4 %

Socio-economic Growth Rate 2010-2011*

GDP per capita

Growth Rate: Negative __% Positive __% Growth Rate: Negative __% Positive __%

7,495 extra Hotels (b&b, youth hostel rural-tourism accommodation, guest houses…)

2010: +0.9 %

2011: +1.5 %

65 The project is implemented through the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF.


1.9.3 Education / Training demand76 Occupational need expected forecast 2010

New hirings 8,410 - Dismissals 11,490 Growth Rate 2009-2010: -1.7 %

Enterprises expecting to hire new employees

(% in total) 60 % - Growth Rate 2009-2010: +0.1 %

Enterprises expecting to hire new employees (size class)

x 1-9

numbers of persons 60 %

x 10-49

numbers of persons 36 %

x 50-249

numbers of persons 4 %

250-499 numbers of persons ____ % 500 and over numbers of persons ____% Most sectors involved

1) Electricity, gas, steam and water supply, sewerage, waste management and remediation activities (50 %) NACE classification (D) Growth Rate 2009-2010: na 2) Manufacturing (10 %) NACE classification (C) Growth Rate 2009-2010: na 3) Costruction (10 %) NACE classification (F) Growth Rate 2009-2010: na

Employment forecast Growth Rate

Growth Rate 2009-2010: (+-) ____%

Main reasons for hiring people

Replacement of employees leaving the company 7.7 % Seasonal activities/processes 3.8 % Replacement of employees on maternity leave / other 3.8 % Increasing demand 15.4 % Need to improve company’s quality and efficiency 34.6 % Opening new branches or departments ____% Less reliance on external suppliers ____% Need to expand sales, find new markets 15.4 % Need to develop new products or services 19.2 %

Main reasons not to hire people

Enough employees 90.9 % The present staff is already oversized____% Can not recruit because of budget constraints ____% Can not find workers with the necessary specialization ____% The company is closing down or will be sold ____% Lack of sufficient space 9.1 %

Main involved sectors in new hirings

1) Installation / maintenance (50 %) NACE classification (9) Growth Rate: Negative __% x Positive __% 2) Manufacturing / production planning (10 %)NACE classification (7) Growth Rate: Negative __% x Positive __% 3) Planning / Research and development / technical department (7.5 %) NACE classification (6) Growth Rate: Negative __% x Positive __%

������������������������������������������������������������������������   The data here collected are the same as elaborated by Questionnaire I.

66 The project is implemented through the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF.


Hirings forecast in 2010 - professional group (%)

1) Technicians and associate professionals (40.6 %) ISCO classification (3)

ISCO-08 Major Groups

Growth Rate 2009-2010: (+-) na

1 Managers

2) Plant and machine operators, and assemblers (21.9 %) ISCO classification (7)

2 Professionals

Growth Rate 2009-2010: (+-) na

3 Technicians and associate professionals

3) Craft and related trades workers (15.6 %) ISCO classification (8)

4 Office Clerks

Growth Rate 2009-2010: (+-) na

5 Service and sales workers 6 Skilled agricultural, forestry and fishery workers 7 Craft and related trades workers 8 Plant and machine operators, and assemblers 9 Elementary occupations New hirings education and experiences required

No 10 % Yes 90 % - If Yes Secondary education 48.8 % Post-secondary education 9.7 % Vocational training 12.9 %

Main skills required (as from the Q1 list)

1) Ability to work independently (12 %) Growth Rate 2009-2010: (+-) na 2) Ability to work in group (9.4 %) Growth Rate 2009-2010: (+-) na 3) Capacity to use equipment maintenance and installation (6.8 %) Growth Rate 2009-2010: (+-) na

Companies that organize training

30 % of total no. of companies

Size class

1-9 employees 24.3 % 10-49 employees 39.5 % 50 employees and more 73.2 %

Main sectors involved

1) Other service activities (81.3 %) NACE classification (r) Growth Rate 2009-2010: (+-) na 2) Electricity activities (52 %) NACE classification (d) Growth Rate 2009-2010: (+-) na 3) Manufacturing of food (38 %) NACE classification (c) Growth Rate 2009-2010: (+-) na

67 The project is implemented through the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF.


Main sources for enterprises’ job recruitment

Size Class 1-49 employees

1) Direct contact with employers/employees

1) 1 (26.5 %) (specify n. i.e. 2 if University/School database search

2) University/School database search

2) 3 (24.6 %)

3) Resume (curricula vitae) received from candidates

3) 8 (17.2 %)

4) Internships /stage

Size Class 50 employees and more

5) Employers/employees Federations

1) 3 (53 %) (specify n. i.e. 2 if University/School database search

6) Job Center

2) 8 (15 %)

7) Recruitment Agency

3) 10 (11,5 %)

8) Job search companies (i.e. Adecco) 9) News- papers 10) Web sites – internet – Eures

1.9.4 Education / Training Offer Number of Institutions77

Number of students78

Secondary Education

37

28,790

Post-secondary Education

1 University (12 Faculties)

15,000

Vocational Training

11

4,416

7778

77  As for the 2008/2009 Academic Year 78  Intended as the rough amount of total students in the NUTS III region attending the 2008/2009 Academic Year.

68 The project is implemented through the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF.


1.9.5 Impact of the Local/Regional Education / Training Offer Summary of the % of the answers collected on the survey in each investigated field 79

80

Secondary Education

Post-secondary Education

Vocational Training

< 1 year *

> 1 year

< 1 year

> 1 year

< 1 year (2009)

> 1 year

Working 46.8

-

-

68.3

87.0

-

Job searching 45.5

-

-

26.7

13.0

-

-

-

5.0

0

-

Yes 100

-

-

-

100

-

80

Employment conditions

Not working / job searching 7.8 Working experience (stage / internship) No 0

-

-

-

0

-

Useful 52.8

-

-

-

80.0

-

Not useful 47.2

-

-

-

20.0

-

-

-

-

30.0

-

-

-

-

5.0

-

Access to the Labour Market Thanks to the course of study (Internship) 5.6 Job listing / announcements 13.9 Public job competition 0

-

-

-

5.0

-

Employment centres 13.9

-

-

-

0

-

Personal contacts 61.1

-

-

-

30.0

-

-

-

-

30.0

-

Within 6 months 52.8

-

-

70.0

95.0

-

Within 6 to 12 months 36.1

-

-

25.5

5.0

-

Within 2 years 11.1

-

-

4.5

0

-

Within 3 years 0

-

-

0

0

-

Highly useful 16.7

-

-

68.3

55.0

-

Enough useful 38.9

-

-

24.4

15.0

-

Poorly useful / not at all 44.4

-

-

7.3

30.0

-

-

-

-

-

-

1) Relational skills 41.7

-

-

-

25.0

-

2) Knowledge of specific software 27.8

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

20.0

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

20.0

-

Other 5.6 How much time after the graduation

Utility of the acquired knowledge for the current job position

Skills required in the job position ** -

2) Knowledge of certification systems 3) Ability to work in group 22.2 3) Technical skills * Elapsed time from the graduation to the time of the survey.

** Please list here the first 3 most representative skills as resulting from the survey (providing their % over the total)

������������������������������������������������������   According to Questionnaire II contents and structure 80  Graduates of the year 2006, 3 years on from graduation to the time of the interview

69 The project is implemented through the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF.


1.10 Veneto Region 1.10.1 Legal Framework Chart summarising the picture of the education / training in the region / country81

1.10.2 Statistical Indicators82 Population

4,920,507 (1/6/2011) – 4,912,438 (1/1/2010)

Population Growth Forecast

2.19 % (2010-2013) 5,020,000 (forecast 2013)

Migration inflow Growth Rate

5.76 % 454,453 (2009) – 480,616 (2010)

Migrant persons (percentage on population)

9.78 % (2010)

Migrants’ countries of origin

1) 96,930 Romania - 2) 56,704 Morocco - 3) 42,041 Albania

Unemployment rate

5.6 % - Growth Rate: 2009-2010 18.20 % 105,581 (2009) – 124,793 (estimate 2010)

Employment rate

64.64 % (2009) 64.55 % (estimate 2010)

Regional sector specialisations

1) Agriculture (2.84 %) 59,954 (2009)

(% of regional total employment: agriculture + industry + services = 100)

2) Industry (38.28 %) 808,301 (2009)

Employment types of contracts

Open-ended contracts (1,477,375 numbers of persons) (84.34 %) (2009)

3) Services (58.88 %) 1,243,3111 (2009) Growth Rate 2008-2009: 0.40 %

����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������   For more details over the national / regional education & training system please refer to the Regional Survey. ���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������   The data here collected must be the most recent ones (please specify the year) and anyway in line with all the statistics of the Regional Survey. This document is not intended to replace the official statistic sources at national or European level but rather tryes to create a significant detailed picture of the ET-struct region as a whole, starting from the information already available.

70 The project is implemented through the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF.


Fixed-term job contracts (176,200 numbers of persons) (10.66 %) (2009) Growth Rate 2008-2009: -11.17 % Apprenticeship or youth employment contract (20,603 numbers of persons) (2009) - Growth Rate 2009-2010: ____% Other contracts including staff engaged under atypical contracts (not employees) (________ numbers of persons) - Growth Rate 2009-2010: ____% Regional employment by gender

Regional employment rate 64.64 % (2009) 2,111,565 (2009) â&#x20AC;&#x201C; 2,113,248 (estimate 2010) Growth Rate 2009-2010: 0.08 % Men (1,250,091 numbers of employees) 75.12 % (2009) Women: (861,475 numbers of employees) 53.88 % (2009)

National employment by gender

Employment rate 57.48 % (2009) 23,024,992 (2009) â&#x20AC;&#x201C; 22,851,333 (estimate 2010) Growth Rate 2009-2010: -0.75 % Men 13,789,225 (numbers of employees) 68.63 % (2009) Women: 9,235,767 (numbers of employees) 46.36 % (2009)

Migrant workers

approximately 223,000 numbers of employees (2009) - approximately 10.56 % of total employees Growth Rate 2008-2009: 4.81 % approximately 214,000 (2008)

Regional GDP per capita

28,856 Euro (2009) Growth Rate 2008-2009 GDP per capita -6.42 % % Veneto/Italia 9.31 % (2009) Differential Veneto-Italy GDP per capita +14.34 % (2009)

Regional Income

__________ Euro per capita Growth Rate 2009-2010: ____%

71 The project is implemented through the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF.


VAT Registered Enterprises

458,352 enterprises - Growth Rate 2008-2009: -0.91 %

Enterprise size class:

1-9

379,044

10-49

23,783

50-249

2,779

250 and over

346

Production

employees % ____ employees % ____ employees % ____ employees % ____

Production for national market (____%) Production value ____________ (Euro) Growth Rate 2009-2010: ____%

Export

Export production (27.03%) Production value 38,256,375,601 (Euro) Growth Rate 2008-2009:-23.51%

Main export areas

EU27 (60.04%) Production value 22,967,845,601(Euro) Non EU27 (39.96%) Production value 15,288,530,488(Euro)

Regular use of Internet (percentage of persons who accessed the Internet, on average, at least once a week) 2008

39 %

Regular use of computer (percentage of persons who use pc, on average, at least once a week) 2008

_____ %

Regional Total R&D expenditure as a percentage of GDP (all sector)

0.8 % (2007)

National total R&D expenditure as a percentage of GDP (all sector)

1.18 % (2008)

Researchers as a percentage of persons employed

0.36 % (2006)

No. of students in all levels of education, as a percentage of total population

17.5 % (2007)

Educational attainment level (percentage of the population aged 25â&#x20AC;&#x201C;64 having completed tertiary education)

12.2 % (2007)

Accommodation capacity (number of bed places by type of accommodation)

212,539 Hotels (1-2-3-4-5 stars Hotel)

Average length of stay of foreign tourists (Hotels + extra hotels)

4.28 nights

Active farms (No. and percentage over 1.000 inhabitants)

79,482 - 16.18 per 1,000 inhabitants (2009)

Percentage of cultivated area

73 % of the total agricultural area (2009)

agro-food production export

1.79 % of the total export (2009)

Socio-economic Growth Rate 2010-2011

GDP per capita

Growth Rate: Negative __% Positive 16.26 % Growth Rate: Negative __% Positive __% n - Stable

482,876 extra Hotels (b&b, youth hostel rural-tourism accommodation, guest housesâ&#x20AC;Ś)

2010: 29,444 (+1.96 %)

72 The project is implemented through the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF.

2011: 30,082 (+2.17)


1.10.3 Education / Training demand83 Occupational need expected forecast 2011

New hirings 138 - Dismissals ___________ Growth Rate 2009-2010: ____%

Enterprises expecting to hire new employees

(% in total) 100 % - Growth Rate 2009-2010: ____%

Enterprises expecting to hire new employees (size class)

x 1-9

2 numbers of persons 1 %

x 10-49

4 numbers of persons 3 %

x 50-249

25 numbers of persons 18 %

x 250-499

7 numbers of persons 5 %

x 500 and over

100 numbers of persons 73 %

Most sectors involved

1) Food service (73 %) NACE classification (__) Growth Rate 2009-2010: ____% 2) Mechanics (20 %)NACE classification (__) Growth Rate 2009-2010: ____% 3) Building Constructions (7 %)NACE classification (__) Growth Rate 2009-2010: ____%

Employment forecast Growth Rate

Growth Rate 2009-2010: (+-) ____%

Main reasons for hiring people

x Replacement of employees leaving the company 50 % Seasonal activities/processes ____% Replacement of employees on maternity leave/ other ____% Increasing demand ____% Need to improve company’s quality and efficiency ____% x Opening new branches or departments 26 % Less reliance on external suppliers ____% x Need to expand sales, find new markets 24 % Need to develop new products or services ____%

Main reasons not to hire people

x Enough employees 20 % The present staff is already oversized____% Can not recruit because of budget constraints ____% Can not find workers with the necessary specialization ____% The company is closing down or will be sold ____% Lack of sufficient space ____%

Main involved sectors in new hirings

1) Food service (73 %) NACE classification (__) Growth Rate: Negative __% Positive __% 2) Mechanics (20 %)NACE classification (__) Growth Rate: Negative __% Positive __% 3) Building constructions (7 %)NACE classification (__) Growth Rate: Negative __% Positive __%

������������������������������������������������������������������������   The data here collected are the same as elaborated by Questionnaire I.

73 The project is implemented through the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF.


Hirings forecast in 2010 - professional group (%) ISCO-08 Major Groups

1) Plant and machine operators, and assemlers (___%) ISCO classification (8) Growth Rate 2009-2010: (+-) ____% 2) Professionals (___%) ISCO classification (2) Growth Rate 2009-2010: (+-) ____%

1 Managers x 2 Professionals x 3 Technicians and associate professionals

3) Technicians and associate professionals (___%) ISCO classification (3) Growth Rate 2009-2010: (+-) ____%

4 Office Clerks 5 Service and sales workers 6 Skilled agricultural, forestry and fishery workers x 7 Craft and related trades workers x 8 Plant and machine operators, and assemblers 9 Elementary occupations New hirings education and experiences required

No ___% Yes100 % - If Yes Secondary education 40 % Post-secondary education 19 % Vocational training 41 %

Main skills required (as from the Q1 list)

1) Ability to work independently (___%) (__) NACE classification (N/A) Growth Rate 2009-2010: (+-) ____% 2) Knowledge of machinery (___%) NACE classification (N/A) Growth Rate 2009-2010: (+-) ____% 3)Ability to work in group (___%) NACE classification (N/A) Growth Rate 2009-2010: (+-) ____%

Companies that organize training

48 % of total no. of companies

Size class

1-9 employees 5 % 10-49 employees 45 % 50 employees and more 50 %

Main sectors involved

1) Production (60 %) (6) NACE classification (__) Growth Rate 2009-2010: (+-) ____% 2) Sales (20 %) (2) NACE classification (__) Growth Rate 2009-2010: (+-) ____% 3) Administration (20 %) (2) NACE classification (__) Growth Rate 2009-2010: (+-) ____%

74 The project is implemented through the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF.


Main sources for enterprises’ job recruitment

Size Class 1-9 employees

1) Direct contact with employers/employees

1) Direct contact with employers/employees (N/A %) (n.2)

2) University/School database search

2) University/School database search (___%) (n.2)

3) Resume (curricula vitae) received from candidates

3) ____________ (___%) (n.__)

4) Internships /stage

Size Class 10-49 employees

5) Employers/employees Federations

1) University/School database search (N/A %) (9)

6) Job Center

2) Direct contact with employers/employees (N/A %) (n.9)

7) Recruitment Agency

3) Recruitment Agency (N/A %) (n.8)

8) Job search companies (i.e. Adecco)

Size Class 50 employees and more

9) News- papers

1) University/School database search (N/A %) (10)

10) Web sites – internet – Eures

2) Recruitment Agency (N/A %) (n.9) 3) Resume (curricula vitae) received from candidates (N/A %) (n.8)

1.10.4 Education / Training Offer Number of Institutions

Number of students84 (in the last Academic year)

Secondary Education

229 *

196,268 (2008)

Post-secondary Education

4

104,784 (2008)

Vocational Training

104

16,554 (2009/10)

84

Typology

Total

Lyceums

316

Technical education

334

Professional education

216

Total

866

* The table shows how many education pathways are provided by the 229 formal institutions, for the three different possibilities. Each institution can provide different types of education pathways, related to Lyceums, Technical Institutes or Professional Institutes.

84  Intended as the rough amount of total students in the NUTS III region attending the last academic year (or at least the most recent data available – in case please specify!).

75 The project is implemented through the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF.


1.10.5 Impact of the Local/Regional Education / Training Offer Secondary Education

Post-secondary Education

Vocational Training

< 1 year *

> 1 year

< 1 year

> 1 year

< 1 year

> 1 year

Employment conditions 14

5

1

4

39

20

Working 3

2

1

3

10

7

Job searching 8

1

1

1

23

5

Not working / job searching 3

2

29

13

Working experience (stage/internship) Yes 14

5

1

4

39

20

3

1

3

36

13

2

1

3

7

2

2

27

11

No Useful 10 Not useful 4 Access to the Labour Market Thanks to the course of study (Internship) 7 Job listing / announcements

1

Public job competition

1

Employment centres

1

Personal contacts 4

1

Other 3

2

1

1

8

8

1

1

1

1

39

16

How much time after the graduation Within 6 months 13

5

1

Within 6 to 12 months 1

3

4

Within 2 years Within 3 years Utility of the acquired knowledge for the current job position Highly useful 3

2

Enough useful 4

3

Poorly useful / not at all 7

4 1

23

11

11

8

5

1

Skills required in the job position ** 1) … 72 %

80 %

100 %

100 %

100 %

95 %

2) … 93 %

100 %

100 %

100 %

95 %

97 %

3) … 72 %

80 %

0%

100 %

72 %

85 %

* Elapsed time from the graduation to the time of the survey. ** Please list here the first 3 most representative skills as resulting from the survey (providing their % over the total)

76 The project is implemented through the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF.


1.11 Zakarpattya Region 1.11.1 Legal Framework

Chart summarising the picture of the education / training in the region / country85

����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������   For more details over the national / regional education & training system please refer to the Regional Survey.

77 The project is implemented through the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF.


1.11.2 Statistical Indicators86 Population

1,244,800 (on date 01/01/2010)

Population Growth Forecast

2.6 %

Migration inflow Growth Rate

-0.2 %

Migrant persons (percentage on population)

N/A %

Migrants’ countries of origin

N/A

Unemployment rate

1.7 % (128000 inhabitants)- Growth Rate: 2009-2010 - 0.57 %

Employment rate

43.0 % (2009)

Regional sector specialisations

1) Agriculture (25 %)

(% of regional total employment: agriculture + industry + services = 100)

2) Industry (14 %)

Employment types of contracts

Open-ended contracts (NO DATA numbers of persons) (NO DATA %)

3) Services (61 %) Growth Rate 2009-2010: NO DATA % Fixed-term job contracts (NO DATA numbers of persons) Growth Rate 2009-2010: NO DATA% Apprenticeship or youth employment contract (NO DATA numbers of persons) Growth Rate 2009-2010: NO DATA % Other contracts including staff engaged under atypical contracts (not employees) (NO DATA numbers of persons) Growth Rate 2009-2010: NO DATA %

Regional employment by gender

Regional employment rate 2009: 524700 - Women: 48.3 % Growth Rate 2009-2010: 6.6 % - Men 51.7 % Growth Rate 2009-2010: (- 5 %)

National employment by gender

Employment rate: NO DATA - Women: (numbers of employees) % Growth Rate 2009-2010: % - Men (numbers of employees) % Growth Rate 2009-2010: %

Migrant workers

(NO DATA numbers of employees) NO DATA % of total employees Growth Rate 2009-2010: NO DATA %

Regional GRP per capita (from 2004 only GRP is defined)

10,626 UAH (924 Euro (1.4 % of total national GDP per capita)

Regional Income

N/A Euro per capita Growth Rate 2009-2010: NO DATA %

���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������   The data here collected must be the most recent ones (please specify the year) and anyway in line with all the statistics of the Regional Survey. This document is not intended to replace the official statistic sources at national or European level but rather tryes to create a significant detailed picture of the ET-struct region as a whole, starting from the information already available.

78 The project is implemented through the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF.


VAT Registered Enterprises

13,673 Units - Growth Rate 2009-2010: 0.9 %

Enterprise size class:

1-9

NO DATA employees % ____

10-49

NO DATA employees % ____

50-249

NO DATA employees % ____

250-499

NO DATA employees % ____

500 and over

NO DATA employees % ____

Production

Production for national market ( NO DATA %) Production value NO DATA (Euro) Growth Rate 2009-2010: NO DATA

Export

Export production (76.1%) Production value 724,969.63 (Euro thou.) Growth Rate 2009-2010: (-24 %)

Main export areas

EU27 (NO DATA %) Production value NO DATA (Euro) Growth Rate 2009-2010: NO DATA % Non EU27 (industry 92 %) Growth Rate 2009-2010: (-22 %)

Regular use of Internet (percentage of persons who accessed the Internet, on average, at least once a week) 2008

NO DATA %

Regular use of computer (percentage of persons who use pc, on average, at least once a week) 2008

NO DATA %

Regional Total R&D expenditure as a percentage of GDP (all sector)

Education 7.9 %

National total R&D expenditure as a percentage of GDP (all sector)

No data %

Researchers as a percentage of persons employed

0.5 %

No. of students in all levels of education, as a percentage of total population

2.3 %

Educational attainment level (percentage of the population aged 25â&#x20AC;&#x201C;64 having completed tertiary education)

NO DATA %

Accommodation capacity (number of bed places by type of accommodation)

NO DATA Hotels (1-2-3-4-5 stars Hotel)

Average length of stay of foreign tourists (Hotels + extra hotels)

NO DATA %

Active farms (No. and percentage over 1.000 inhabitants)

1,513 units - 13 %

Percentage of cultivated area, agro-food production export

NO DATA %

Socio-economic Growth Rate 2010-2011

GDP per capita

Growth Rate: Negative __% Positive 0.7 % Growth Rate: Negative __% Positive __%

NO DATA extra Hotels (b&b, youth hostel rural-tourism accommodation, guest housesâ&#x20AC;Ś)

2010: NO DATA %

2011: NO DATA %

79 The project is implemented through the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF.


1.11.3 Education / Training demand87 Occupational need expected forecast 2011

New hirings YES - Dismissals N0 Growth Rate 2009-2010: NO DATA %

Enterprises expecting to hire new employees

(% in total) 30 % - Growth Rate 2009-2010: N/A %

Enterprises expecting to hire new employees (size class)

1-9 10-49

numbers of persons (20 %) numbers of persons (10 %)

50-249 _______ numbers of persons % ____ 250-499 _______ numbers of persons % ____ 500 and over ______ numbers of persons % ____ Most sectors involved

1) production (14 %) NACE classification (N/A for Ukraine) Growth Rate 20092010: ____% 2) agriculture, forestry and fishing (14 %)NACE classification (N/A for Ukraine) Growth Rate 2009-2010: ____% 3) construction (29 %) NACE classification (N/A for Ukraine) Growth Rate 20092010: ____% 4) service (43 %)

Employment forecast Growth Rate

Growth Rate 2009-2010: (+-) N/A %

Main reasons for hiring people

Replacement of employees leaving the company 0 % Seasonal activities/processes 22 % Replacement of employees on maternity leave/ other 0 % Increasing demand 11 % Need to improve company’s quality and efficiency 0 % Opening new branches or departments 11 % Less reliance on external suppliers 0 % Need to expand sales, find new markets 33 % Need to develop new products or services 0 % Others 23 %

Main reasons not to hire people

Enough employees 50 % The present staff is already oversized 0 % Can not recruit because of budget constraints 50 % Can not find workers with the necessary specialization 0 % The company is closing down or will be sold 0 % Lack of sufficient space 0 %

Main involved sectors in new hirings

N/A to Ukraine (___%) NACE classification (__) Growth Rate: Negative __%

Positive __%

2)____________ (___%) NACE classification (__) Growth Rate: Negative __%

Positive __%

3)____________ (___%) NACE classification (__) Growth Rate: Negative __%

������������������������������������������������������������������������   The data here collected are the same as elaborated by Questionnaire I.

80 The project is implemented through the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF.

Positive __%


Hirings forecast in 2010 - professional group (%)

N/A to Ukraine (___%) ISCO classification (__)

ISCO-08 Major Groups

Growth Rate 2009-2010: (+-) ____%

20 %

2)____________ (___%) ISCO classification (__)

Managers

20 % Professionals

Growth Rate 2009-2010: (+-) ____%

10 % Technicians and associate professionals

3)____________ (___%) ISCO classification (__)

10%

Office Clerks

Growth Rate 2009-2010: (+-) ____%

0%

Service and sales workers

30%

Skilled agricultural, forestry and fishery workers

10%

Craft and related trades workers

0%

Plant and machine operators, and assemblers

0%

Elementary occupations

New hirings education and experiences required

No 30 % Yes 70 % - If Yes Secondary education 0 % Post-secondary education 100 % Vocational training 0 %

Main skills required (as from the Q1 list)

1) Team building (25 %) (__) NACE classification (N/A to Ukraine) Growth Rate 2009-2010: (+-) ____% 2) Communication skills (20%) NACE classification (N/A to Ukraine) Growth Rate 2009-2010: (+-) ____% 3) Skills in taking of decision (20%) NACE classification (N/A to Ukraine) Growth Rate 2009-2010: (+-) ____% 4) Project management (25 %) 5) Knowledge in emotional intellect (10 %)

Companies that organize training

N/A (NO DATA â&#x20AC;&#x201C; according to official sources)% of total no. of companies

Size class

1-9 employees N/A % 10-49 employees N/A % 50 employees and more N/A %

Main sectors involved

1) N/A to Ukraine (___%) (__) NACE classification (__) Growth Rate 2009-2010: (+-) ____% 2) N/A to Ukraine (___%) NACE classification (__) Growth Rate 2009-2010: (+-) ____% 3) N/A to Ukraine (___%) NACE classification (__) Growth Rate 2009-2010: (+-) ____%

81 The project is implemented through the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF.


Main sources for enterprises’ job recruitment

Size Class 1-9 employees

1) Direct contact with employers/employees

1) Enterprise 1 ( n. 1, 3, 9, 10)

2) University/School database search

2) Enterprise 2 (n. 6, 7, 8, 9)

3) Resume (curricula vitae) received from candidates

3) Enterprise 3 (n.1)

4) Internships /stage

4) Enterprise 4 (n. 1, 3, 9, 10)

5) Employers/employees Federations

5) Enterprise 5 (n. 3, 9 )

6) Job Center

6) Enterprise 6 (n. 3, 9)

7) Recruitment Agency

7) Enterprise 7 (n. 1, 3, 9)

8) Job search companies (i.e. Adecco)

8) Enterprise 8 (n. 1, 10)

9) News- papers

Size Class 10-49 employees

10) Web sites – internet – Eures

Enterprise 1 (n. 3, 9 ) Enterprise 2 (n. 1, 3, 9, 10) Size Class 50 employees and more 1) NO DATA (___%) (specify n. i.e. 2 if University/School database search

1.11.4 Education / Training Offer Number of Institutions

Number of students88 (in the last Academic year)

Secondary Education

708

159,600

Post-secondary Education

17

28,511

Vocational Training

18

9,100

88

88  Intended as the rough amount of total students in the NUTS III region attending the last academic year (or at least the most recent data available – in case please specify!).

82 The project is implemented through the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF.


1.11.5 Impact of the Local/Regional Education / Training Offer Provide here the requested information by giving evidence of the % of the answers collected on the survey in each investigated field 89 Secondary Education

Post-secondary Education

Vocational Training

< 1 year *

> 1 year

< 1 year

> 1 year

< 1 year

> 1 year

Working

N/A

55 %

N/A

N/A

24 %

N/A

Job searching

N/A

36 %

N/A

N/A

70 %

N/A

Not working / job searching

N/A

9.1 %

N/A

N/A

6%

N/A

Yes

N/A

11 %

N/A

N/A

18 %

N/A

No

N/A

50 %

N/A

N/A

40 %

N/A

Useful

N/A

28 %

N/A

N/A

18 %

N/A

Not useful

N/A

11 %

N/A

N/A

24 %

N/A

Employment conditions

Working experience (stage/internship)

Access to the Labour Market Thanks to the course of study (Internship)

N/A

3%

N/A

N/A

0%

N/A

Job listing / announcements

N/A

10 %

N/A

N/A

30 %

N/A

Public job competition

N/A

25 %

N/A

N/A

0%

N/A

Employment centres

N/A

5%

N/A

N/A

0%

N/A

Personal contacts

N/A

57 %

N/A

N/A

70 %

N/A

Other

N/A

0%

N/A

N/A

0%

N/A

Within 6 months

N/A

46 %

N/A

N/A

89 %

N/A

Within 6 to 12 months

N/A

18 %

N/A

N/A

6%

N/A

Within 2 years

N/A

9%

N/A

N/A

5%

N/A

Within 3 years

N/A

27 %

N/A

N/A

0%

N/A

How much time after the graduation

Utility of the acquired knowledge for the current job position Highly useful

N/A

17 %

N/A

N/A

18 %

N/A

Enough useful

N/A

75 %

N/A

N/A

42 %

N/A

Poorly useful / not at all

N/A

8%

N/A

N/A

40 %

N/A

1) Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively

N/A

10 %

N/A

N/A

6%

N/A

2) Writing — Communicating effectively in writing

N/A

10 %

N/A

N/A

6%

N/A

3) Ability to work in group

N/A

10 %

N/A

N/A

12 %

N/A

Skills required in the job position **

* Elapsed time from the graduation to the time of the survey. ** Please list here the first 3 most representative skills as resulting from the survey (providing their % over the total)

������������������������������������������������������   According to Questionnaire II contents and structure

83 The project is implemented through the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF.


CAP 2: The “ET-struct region”: a common environment This section represents the common and shared knowledge background for the “ET-struct Region” in all project related fields90. The regions’ relevant data has been aggregated and the subsequent benchmarking aims to provide a proper common knowledge environment considering the ET-struct territory as a whole.

2.1 Statistical Indicators The goal of this aggregate information chapter is to give a general overview on the ET-struct region. Statistical data was collected among all partners and reflects the results of the ET-Survey. The data collected was not always homogeneous, for this reason the results of the survey are not intended to be exhaustive. The aim of this chapter is to show a meaningful comparative analysis within the ET-struct territory related to the necessities of the project. The project represents one of the first “pilot actions”, as a NUTS III level region comparative research at European level. The outputs are the result of an aggregate analysis between ET-struct project data (collected using the project tools) and existing official data. The research geographically covers the whole ET-struct region: Vienna, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Olomouc Region, Moravskoslezsky kraj, Bygosko-Toruński Subregion, Walbrzyski Region, Gorenjska Slovenija, Jugovzhodna Slovenija, Province of Modena, Veneto Region and Zakarpattya Region.

90  The ET-struct project aims to address essential issues surrounding a general lack of coherence between “the connection of the educational system to the leading edge of technology and business practices”, where there is often a lack of an effective “matching process” across the interfaces of: (1) policy-making (2) economy/labour market (3) education/training.

84 The project is implemented through the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF.


2.1.1 ET-struct Region LP

VIENNA

AT –Region 1

Vienna Board of Education

PP2

VIENNA

AT - Region 1

VBA Vienna Business Agency

PP3

SCHWERIN

DE- Region 2

Ministry of Education, Science and Cultural Affairs M.-V

PP4

SCHWERIN

DE- Region 2

Training and Education Centre of Trade and Industry

PP5

HRANICE

CZ - –Region 3

City of Hranice

PP6

HRANICE

CZ - –Region 4

STS Secondary Technical School and Vocational Apprentice Training Centre for Mechanical Engineering

PP7

KARVINÁ

CZ–Region 4

Statutory City of Karviná

PP8

BYDGOSZCZ

PL–Region 5

University of Economy in Bydgoszcz

PP9

WALBRZYCH

PL–Region 5

Lower Silesian Vocational Information and Teachers Training Center

PP10

KRANJ

SI–Region 6

BSC Business support centre ltd Kranj

PP11

KOČEVJE

SI–Region 7

Institute for Adult Education Kočevje

PP12

NOVO MESTO

SI–Region 8

Development and Research Centre Novo Mesto

PP13

MODENA

IT–Region 9

Modena Formazione

PP14

MODENA

IT –Region 9

CNA the National Confederation of Crafts and Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises, Association of the Province of Modena

PP15

VENETO

IT –Region 10

Veneto Region, Department of Labour

PP16

VENETO

IT –Region 10

ENAIP VENETO Regional Agency of Vocational Training

PP17

UZHHOROD

UA –Region 11

ASEZ Association of Students-Economists of Zakarpattya

85 The project is implemented through the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF.


2.1.2 Population

The ET-struct regionsâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; population chart provides the legally registered population in each partner territory. Data is usually based on the most recent census information, adjusted by the components of population change, or are alternatively based on population registers.

2.1.3 Unemployment rate

The harmonised unemployment rate data presented in this chart offers an overview on the situation of unemployed persons as a percentage of the labour force. This regional data concerning unemployment has to be interpreted in the context of changes, in particular of economic activity. The chart shows that the Walbrzyski Region is the one most affected by unemployment. Zakarpattya region, on the contrary, records the lowest unemployment level. The ET-struct Region records an average unemployment rate of 9.65 %, which is almost in line with the European Unionâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s average unemployment rate of 9.5 % in January 2011. Throughout 2010 the rate had been stable at 9.6 % Concerning gender issues, between January 2010 and January 2011, the unemployment rate for men fell from 9.9 % to 9.8 % in the euro area and from 9.7 % to 9.6 % in the EU27. The female unemployment rate increased from 10.0 % to 10.1 % in the euro area and from 9.3 % to 9.5 % in the EU27. In January 2011, the youth unemployment rate (under-25s) was 19.9 % in the euro area and 20.6 % in the EU27. In January 2010 it was 20.2 % and 20.7 % respectively. The lowest rates were observed in Austria (8.0 %) and Germany (8.3 %), and the highest in Slovakia (37.7 %).

Source eurostat 2011

Based on the ILO definition, Eurostat defines unemployed persons as persons aged 15 to 74 who: - are without work;- are available to start work within the next two weeks;- and have actively sought employment at some time during the previous four weeks. The unemployment rate is the number of people unemployed as a percentage of the labour force. The labour force is the total number of people employed plus unemployed. Data concerning Italy present deviations from the definition of unemployment in the EU Labour Force Survey: unemployment is restricted to persons aged 16-74.

86 The project is implemented through the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF.


2.1.4 Employment rate

The chart provides a global scenario on the employment rate in the ET-struct Region. The German region of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern records the highest employment rate, Walbrzyski Region (Poland) the lowest. The economic crisis deeply hit the European labour market, resulting in decreasing employment levels and rising unemployment in almost all ET-struct regions, even if 2011 data shows signs of recovery. The employment rate is calculated by dividing the number of persons aged 15 to 64 in employment by the total population of the same age group. The indicator is based on the ET-struct Survey.

87 The project is implemented through the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF.


2.1.5 Regional sector specialisations

The chart summarises the data collected in the 11 ET-struct Regions. The contribution of agriculture is extraordinarily higher in Zakarpattya (25 %), and slightly higher in the Bygosko-Toruński Subregion (6 %) and Olomouc Region (5.5 %). The most ‘industrial’ regions, according to the share of the industrial sector, are the Italian Regions, where value added from industry equals 41 % of the total value in the Province of Modena and 36 % in the Veneto Region, followed by the Olomouc Region, with a rate of 39.8 % and Bygosko-Toruński Subregion, with an important rate of 33.6 %. The highest specialisation in Services is registered in Vienna (82.2 %) and Mecklenburg-Vorpommern (82 %). Zakarpattya region has a specialization rate of 61 %, almost the same rate is recorded in Bygosko-Toruński Subregion (60.4 %), Veneto Region (58.9 %), Province of Modena (55.5 %) and Olomouc Region (54.7 %). The lowest services specialization rates are recorded in Moravskoslezsky kraj Region (29.5 %) and Walbrzyski Region (15.8 %).

2.1.6 Migrant Workers This graph examines the incidence and situation of migrant workers in the ET-struct Regions. The migrant population has risen mainly in Modena Province and the Veneto Region, and Vienna. Different foreign groups have different roles in the labour market, where skills shortages are often filled by migrant workers. Most are directly employed, but the number of workers employed on a temporary or permanent basis varies from occupation group to group. In Vienna, most migrant workers stem from the former Yugoslavian Republics (excluding Slovenia) (73.644), Turkey (42.325) and Germany (20.024). In the Province of Modena the workers’ countries of origin are Morocco, Romania and Albania. In the Veneto Region they also come from Romania (96.930), Morocco (56.704) and Albania (42.041). In some of the regions, data is not available. In Jugovzhodna Slovenia migrant workers originate from Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia and Kosovo.

88 The project is implemented through the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF.


2.1.7 Regional GDP per capita

The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is a measure for economic activity. It is defined as the value of all goods and services produced, minus the value of any goods or services used in their production. The dispersion of GDP per inhabitant across the ET-struct Regions remains quite considerable. Vienna, the Province of Modena and Veneto Region have the highest GDP per inhabitant; the lowest GDP is recorded in Zakarpatya. Mecklenburg-Vorpommern’s GDP, fourth among the ET-struct Partners, is still two times higher than the one of the Olomouc Region, Moravskoslezsky kraj and Bygosko-Toruński Subregion. Eurostat NUTS 1 data confirmes the dispersion. (see chart below). In 2009, Austria was the fourth richest EU Member State, the Czech Republic was clustered around 20 percent below the EU-27 average, while Poland‘s GDP per inhabitant was still 39 percent below the EU-27 average.

Volume indices of GDP per inhabitant, 2009 EU-27=100 Graph created with data from December 2010 Eurostat.

89 The project is implemented through the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF.


2.1.8 VAT registered enterprises

The individual areas with the highest VAT registered enterprises rates are: Veneto Region and Moravskoslezsky kraj. This data is influenced by the territorial extension of the regions involved..

2.1.9 Enterprise Size Class

Aggregate evidence coming from the survey tells that in all ET-struct regions where data is available, smaller companies generate more employment than larger firms do. An inspection of the column pattern for companies with 10-49 employees reveals that Olomouc Region, Vienna and Mecklenbourg Vorpommern registered the highest rate. The survey shows that a relatively high proportion of the economy workforce is employed in micro enterprises in many of the ET-struct Regions. For the purposes of this survey, the following size classes are used: •

large enterprises with 250 or more persons employed;

medium-sized enterprises with 50 to 249 persons employed;

small enterprises with 10 to 49 persons employed;

micro enterprises with less than 10 persons employed.

Micro, small and medium-sized enterprises are collectively referred to as SMEs.

90 The project is implemented through the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF.


2.1.10 Export

The survey reveals that Zakarpattya Region and Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, followed by Olomouc Region and the Province of Modena are the most export oriented regions in the ET-struct zone. For some of the regions data is currently not available. 2009 was marked by a considerable drop in the total value of goods traded, in 2011 the export sector records a positive trend.

91 The project is implemented through the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF.


2.1.11 Regular Use of the Internet

The chart reports data concerning the rate of persons who access the internet, on average, at least once a week. The highest rate is recorded in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern (76 %) and Vienna (75 %), followed by Jugovzhodna Slovenija (70 %) and Gorenjska Region (64 %). The lowest rates are recorded in the Veneto region and in the Province of Modena (39 % and 46.40 %). The low rates for Italy are partially due to legal limits to the diffusion of free wireless internet (Pisanuâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Law). This law has been abrogated, allowing for a wider diffusion of private and public access to the internet.

92 The project is implemented through the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF.


2.2 Education / Training Demand 2.2.1 Percentage of Enterprises expecting to hire new employees

According to the ET-struct survey, despite the recent crisis, an relatively high percentage of companies in the private sector is expecting to hire employees and increase their total number of workforce. According to results from the first ET-struct Survey, mostly employers in the Veneto Region, Province of Modena, Jugovzhodna Slovenija and Vienna Region are planning to increase their workforce. The lowest rates are recorded in Jugovzhodna Slovenija (59 %), Zakarpattya Region (30 %), and Gorenjska (8 %).

2.2.2 Professional Group

93 The project is implemented through the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF.


Vienna

 

Mecklenburg-Vorpommern

Olomouc Region

Moravskoslezsky kraj

BygoskoToruński Subregion

• 1 Managers

-

-

-

n/a

-

• 2 Professionals

-

50.00

14.30

n/a

-

32.00

-

28.60

n/a

-

-

-

14.30

n/a

-

50.00

50.00

-

n/a

-

-

-

-

n/a

15.31

• 3 Technicians and associate professionals • 4 Office clerks • 5 Service and sales workers • 6 Skilled agricultural, forestry and fishery workers

17.00

-

14.30

n/a

29.78

• 8 Plant and machine operators, and assemblers

-

-

14.30

n/a

25.79

• 9 Elementary occupations

-

-

-

n/a

-

14.20

n/a

29.12

• 7 Craft and related trades workers

• 10 Others

1.00

-

Walbrzyski Region

13.00

29.00 31.00

27.00

Gorenjska

Jugovzhodna Slovenija

Province of Modena

Veneto Region

Zakarpattya Region

• 1 Managers

-

-

-

-

20.00

• 2 Professionals

-

-

-

25.00

20.00

30.00

30.61

40.60

25.00

10.00

 

• 3 Technicians and associate professionals

-

-

-

-

10.00

41.00

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

30.00

27.00

16.33

21.90

25.00

10.00

• 8 Plant and machine operators, and assemblers

-

14.29

15.60

25.00

-

• 9 Elementary occupations

-

-

-

-

-

2.00

38.77

21.90

-

-

• 4 Office clerks • 5 Service and sales workers • 6 Skilled agricultural, forestry and fishery workers • 7 Craft and related trades workers

• 10 Others

The chart shows, according to the NACE classification, a quick overview over the most requested professional groups in the ET-struct Region.

94 The project is implemented through the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF.


Data not available (at the time of the survey)

95 The project is implemented through the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF.


96 The project is implemented through the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF.


2.2.3 Companies organising training

The Survey reveals that in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Vienna, Jugovzhodna Slovenija, and Walbrzyski regions the number of companies offering training to their employees is higher than in other regions. For some of the ET-struct Regions no data is available. Among the available data, the Province of Modena has the lowest training rate (30 %).

97 The project is implemented through the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF.


2.3 Education / Training Offer 2.3.1 SECONDARY EDUCATION Number of students over total population

The chart clearly shows the percentage of students among the total population in the region. The index is similar for all the regions (between 4.0 % and 5.7 %) with the sole exception of Walbrzyski, Gorenjska and Zakarpattya (mainly due to the low reliability of the data collected).91

Number of students per educational institution

This chart provides a first image over the average distribution of students per institution. Both Jugovzhodna (with some 930 students per school) and the Province of Modena (with some 778 students per school) are showing a high concentration of students, while Bygosko-Toruński and Walbrzyski are showing a relatively low level of concentration (with some 172 and 148 students per school respectively). The average for the ET-struct partnership is 385 students per educational institution.92 ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������   New Member States and Non M.S. have registered a great difficulty in collecting statistical data at NUTS III level (where all the main surveys / analysis at EU level are referred to the NUTS II). ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������   The survey data provided by Gorenjska shows a value of 77 students per institution, which seems not very reliable.

98 The project is implemented through the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF.


2.3.2 POST-SECONDARY EDUCATION Number of students over total population

This chart shows the rates of post-secondary education students among the total population of the region. Almost 2/3 of the regions are strongly below the average (3.5 %), with only Vienna standing out con-siderably with 10.1 % of students attending post-secondary education. This is partly due to the fact that many Austrians and Germans move to Vienna for their postsecondary education. Clearly different is the situation for Gorenjska with an index equivalent to 0.4 %.93

Number of students per educational institution The following chart provides a very first image over the average distribution of post-secondary students per registered institution. This time the picture shows evident disparities between the 11 ET-struct regions: the Veneto region (with some 26,196 declared postsecondary students per institution) registered the highest concentration while Bygosko-Toruński and Jugovzhodna show a relatively low level of concentration (with some 469 and 348 students per school, respectively). Walbrzyski and Zakarpattya follow the lowest positions with some 1,250 and 1,677 students per school respectively.

Once again the data registered for Gorenjska (41 students per institution) has to be questioned.

��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������   Once again data reported for this region needs to be re-assessed: the region counts 18 post-secondary institutions with only 752 students.

99 The project is implemented through the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF.


2.3.3 VOCATIONAL TRAINING Number of students over total population

In the field of vocational training the picture is once again different. Three regions (Vienna, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern and Olomouc region) show indexes almost 5 times higher than the other 5 regions (with the sole exception of Walbrzyski in the middle of the two opposing positions). No data was reported from Bygosko-Toruński and Gorenjska.

Number of students per educational institution

The chart shows a generally low level of concentration of students per registered vocational institution in the territory.94 With an average of 342 students per vocational institution, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern represents the highest concentration level (with ��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������   In the field of vocational training data are not always reliable especially for New and Non Member States which have a very recent experience (or are still lacking) with the European Social Fund which has provided a sort of standardisation in the management of the field.

100 The project is implemented through the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF.


some 1,470 students per institution) and Walbrzyski the lowest (with only 52 students per institution). In the academic year 2009-2010 the Olomouc region registered a high number of students (with the highest index of students per population 3.5 %) and, at the same time, a very high number of vocational training institutions: 238 (with around 1 institution per 2,700 inhabitants in the region).

101 The project is implemented through the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF.


2.4 Impact of the Education / Training Offer This chapter provides a “joint picture” of the results of the direct investigation implemented by each partner in its region, using the project tools (the two Questionnaires already mentioned). Not all the partners had the possibility run the survey with the tools provided, but used already existing data, therefore the following picture is not exhaustive, but valid enough to provide a good comparative analysis within the ET-struct territory.95 It is necessary to underline once again the importance of this chapter and the specific benchmarking implemented: The charts and tables allow the 11 heterogeneous regions to describe a background scenario of what has been already called the “ET-struct region”. Moreover this work has represented a “pilot action” for certain NUTS III level regions involved, who did not have any previous experience in this type of analysis.

2.4.1 SECONDARY EDUCATION Working periods (e.g. internship/placement) during the education96

��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������   due to the data protection legislation in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern there was no direct investigation using the Questionnaires. This is a rough overview of Chapter 5 of the Regional Survey �������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������   In certain cases it was compulsory according to either the specific school regulation or the national / regional norms.

102 The project is implemented through the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF.


Access to the Labour Market

* Amongst the answers within the option â&#x20AC;&#x153;otherâ&#x20AC;?: self-employment, work within the family, answer to a job offer (common in all the regions).

Time needed to access the Labour Market after graduation

103 The project is implemented through the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF.


Utility of the acquired knowledge for the current job position97

���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������   the interviewed persons’ perception of the chances to exploit their knowledge and to use their diploma during their initial approach to the job market.

104 The project is implemented through the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF.


2.4.2 POST-SECONDARY EDUCATION98 Working periods (e.g. internship/placement) during the education

��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������   For this part of the analysis no data was provided for the Zakarpattya region (UA) while, as already explained in the Regional Survey, for the Modena district data was collected from the AlmaLaurea (Graduates’ employment condition – 2009 Survey [http://www.almalaurea.it/en/universita/occupazione/]), being the most exhaustive and updated survey in the field – but not for all the investigated fields data were matching with the project specific tools.

105 The project is implemented through the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF.


Access to the Labour Market

* Amongst the answers within the â&#x20AC;&#x153;otherâ&#x20AC;? option: self-employment, work within the family, answer to a job offer (common to all the regions).

Time needed to access the Labour Market after graduation

106 The project is implemented through the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF.


Utility of the acquired knowledge for the current job position99

���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������   the interviewed persons’ perception of the chances to exploit their knowledge and to use their diploma during their initial approach to the job market.

107 The project is implemented through the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF.


2.4.3 VOCATIONAL TRAINING Working periods (e.g. internship/placement) during the education100

���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������   In most of the cases a period of internship is strictly connected with the same learning approach for the vocational training.

108 The project is implemented through the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF.


Access to the Labour Market

* Amongst the answers within the â&#x20AC;&#x153;otherâ&#x20AC;? option: self-employment, work within the family, answer to a job offer (somehow common to all the regions).

Time needed to access the Labour Market after graduation

109 The project is implemented through the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF.


Utility of the acquired knowledge for the current job position101

����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������   the interviewed persons’ perception of the chances to exploit their knowledge and to use their diploma during their initial approach to the job market.

110 The project is implemented through the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF.


2.4.4 SHORT BENCHMARKING BETWEEN CATEGORIES Access to the Labour Market This short benchmarking between the 3 educational / training categories considered in the whole analysis (using also the same order since the initial Regional Survey) is meant to provide a comparison between the most relevant investigated fields considering the “ETstruct region” as a whole.102

Thanks to the course of study (Internship) Job listing / announcements Public job competition

The three pie charts are clearly showing the varying degrees of importance between the three categories of the ways of access to the labour market.

Employment centres Personal contacts

At a very first glance it appears evident the difference registered for the first answer (Thanks to the course of study): 18.3 % of the secondary education students have provided this answer compared with the 33.6 % for the post-secondary students and the 29.0 % of the vocational training ones.

Other

Thanks to the course of study (Internship) Job listing / announcements Public job competition Employment centres Personal contacts

On the contrary for what concerns Personal contacts, the highest degree of education correspond to a general lower need to make use of personal contacts for entering the labour market (31.6 % for secondary education students compared to 15.2 % of postsecondary students). It is also important to underline the generally small relevance of the use of employment centres for accessing the labour market: 8.2 %, 12.6 % and 11.4 % for the three categories respectively.

Other

Thanks to the course of study (Internship) Job listing / announcements Public job competition Employment centres Personal contacts Other

������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������   These charts have been built out of the weighted average of all the data collected from the different ET-struct regions according to the various fields of investigation.

111 The project is implemented through the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF.


Time needed to access the Labour Market after graduation

Within 6 months Within 6 to 12 months Within 2 years Within 3 years

The charts clearly show the evolution of the so called “time to market” (as in time needed to access the Labour Market after graduation) between the three categories: within the 6 months field of investigation fall almost the 56.7 % of the secondary education students, the 64.5 % of the postsecondary students and the 80.5 % of the vocational training students. It is therefore important to underline the positive impact of vocational training towards the speed of access to the labour market: 6 out of the 10 ET-struct surveyed regions103 have registered a rate equivalent or higher than 90 % within this field (with both Jugovzhodna Slovenija and the Veneto Region with the 100 % of answers). More than 86 % of the interviewed have found a job within a year from the time of their graduation (with 93.4 % of the vocational training students interviewed.)

Within 6 months Within 6 to 12 months Within 2 years Within 3 years

Within 6 months Within 6 to 12 months Within 2 years Within 3 years

��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������   As already mentioned, only Mecklenburg-Vorpommern has not been considered in this specific section of the ET-Inventory.

112 The project is implemented through the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF.


Utility of the acquired knowledge for the current job position This time the benchmarking refers to the respondents’ perception of the utility of the acquired knowledge for their current job position. Highly useful Enough useful Poorly useful / not at all

There is an evident increase in positive perception by level of education: almost 81 % of the interviewed with a postsecondary education or vocational training are considering the acquired knowledge for their specific job useful. Vocational training (VET)104 shows the highest utility level for graduates within our sample.

Once again, the importance of vocational training becomes evident, being both an accelerator for entering the labour market as well as, in many cases, the only “access bridge” to a job.

Highly useful Enough useful Poorly useful / not at all

Highly useful

Enough useful

Poorly useful / not at all

���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������   the type of education which prepares trainees for jobs that are based on manual or practical activities, traditionally non-academic, and related to a specific trade, occupation, or vocation

113 The project is implemented through the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF.


CAP 3: ET-Inventory - “New Skills for New Jobs” According to Work Package 4 requirements105, this chapter provides the “reference framework” for both the “ET-Academy” (Trans-national Tool 1 – Management Handbook) and the “ET-LearnTrain” (Trans-national Tool 2 – Integrated Content Management System) as a “conclusion chapter” for the Trans-national Inventory. This chapter is therefore meant to underline all the common knowledge elements for the “ET-struct region” required for the future project steps, representing the bridge towards WP4. 106

3.1 Vienna General Socio-Economic Trends of the Region107 The number of economically active persons in Vienna will substantially rise due to net immigration in the future. In the wake of the economic upswing, employment opportunities in the Austrian labour market are improving. After partly significant personnel cuts in the enterprises affected by a sales slump in 2009, companies are now stepping up their staffing levels considerably. The fast and strong recovery of global trade and the depreciation of the Euro support this catch-up process at the business location Vienna. The favourable economic setting for export-oriented companies and the restocking of depleted inventories increase the output and personnel requirements of these enterprises. The unemployment rate in Vienna in April 2010 stood at 8.4 %. A slight increase in employment rates is expected all over Austria for women in particular. The significant improvement in employment opportunities will first help to decrease registered unemployment. In total, unemployment will drop by -6.200 in 2010. Unemployment will increase again in 2011. In Vienna, young people still find it difficult to enter vocational life. For some years now, there has been an imbalance (992:332) between apprenticeship applicants and vacancies. In 2010, teenagers and young adults have again been particularly hard-hit by unemployment, which will be 54 % higher than in 2008. This is because, in times of crisis, young people have less chance of filling a vacancy when one does become available. Under these circumstances, young males feel less able to continue their education than young females. This will result in an unemployment increase of young males of 63 %, compared to 43 % of young females. GDP will expand by 1.8 percent to 2.0 percent in 2010, helped by expanding exports. Growth will remain at a similar level in 2011.

Growth Sector in the Region The sectors with the highest growth potential in the region of Vienna are healthcare and social work, IT, sales, and construction.

Job Market Demand – “New Jobs” The sectors employing most people are the wholesale and retail trade, motor vehicle and consumer goods repair, real estate and business services, manufacturing, transport, and communication. There was an increase in the number of vacancies in Vienna in 2010 in the fields of education and training, other business services, and healthcare and social work. Throughout Austria, the greatest number of jobs could be found in the healthcare and social work, education and training and other services sectors. Most of the jobs offered are for skilled workers, i.e. those who have completed an apprenticeship, or for auxiliary staff.

����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������   In WP4 two Trans-national Tools will be developed to optimise work force qualifications with the needs of regional economies as a main contribution to the main project objectives. WP4 will defined and set the specific project tools and contents which will be implemented and tested in Work Packages 5 and 6. ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������   Each single region has been investigated accordino to the following common structure:      General Socio-Economic Trends of the Region: focussing on Labour Force forecast, Labour Market forecast and GDP forecast      Growth Sector in the Region: which sectors / economic branches / industries are growing in your region?      Job Market Demand – “New jobs”:         What demand is there in the job market in your region?         What is the future job market like in your region?         What kinds of jobs will be available in the next years in your region?      “New Skills”: which skills will be required in tomorrow’s labour market in your region?         What are tomorrow’s job specific skills?         What are tomorrow’s skills needed to function effectively in a working environment?      Regional Module:         What is the topic of your regional module?         How is your region contributing to the better matching of regional jobseekers’ / regional workforces skills to available positions? �����������   Sources:       1. ET-struct Regional Survey       2. EURES – Labour market information – Vienna:          http://ec.europa.eu/eures/main.jsp?lang=en&acro=lmi&catId=288&countryId=AT&regionId=AT1&langChanged=true          (05.01.2011)       3. AMS Forschungsnetzwerk       4. AMS Qualifikations-Barometer

114 The project is implemented through the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF.


Salespersons, including shop assistants, who have completed compulsory schooling and an apprenticeship, are needed. Vienna also has a seasonal demand for specialist in tourism and the hotel and catering industry. Ancillary staff for social work is also needed, as are cashiers and sales assistants, warehouse staff, storekeepers and drivers and real estate agents. Certified and uncertified healthcare workers and nurses are also in demand throughout Vienna. There is a demand for qualified and highly qualified personnel with excellent specialist skills in electronics and electrical engineering and above all in the field of operating systems and languages. Throughout Austria, new jobs are projected to be created in the pharmaceutical industry and in legal, accounting and auditing services. In healthcare and manufacturing there will also be a positive trend in employment. The number of part time jobs is increasing, especially for women.

“New Skills” The survey of the Vienna region showed that there are a set of “universal competences” that every employer wishes her or his employees to have. These universal competences include relational skills and the ability to work in groups as well as independently. Also speaking skills / the ability to convey information effectively are important. Another set of very important skills across the sectors consists of reading comprehension, problem solving abilities and customer orientation. To promote local development of the business location Vienna also entrepreneurial skills are relevant. Social skills, especially in communication and customer care, are increasing in importance in the projected new job opportunities. There is a continuing demand for intercultural competence and an excellent command of English and other foreign languages. Also, the willingness to undertake continuing further training is essential. In the field of healthcare and social work, certified healthcare workers and nurses, nursing auxiliaries and carers for the elderly with appropriate specialised training are still in demand for healthcare work, counselling and support services. Familiarity with medical information systems and skills in quality management are important, the latter especially in view of the growing requirements for efficiency and cost-consciousness. There is again an increasing demand for trainees. Apart from knowledge of psychology and knowledge of economics and management, intercultural skills are particularly sought after. Foreign nationals are especially well-placed in the healthcare and social work sector.

Regional Module The topic of the Viennese regional module will be: “Transcultural Communication in the Health and Care Sector.” The target group are trainee healthcare workers and nurses.

115 The project is implemented through the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF.


3.2 Mecklenburg-Vorpommern General Socio-Economic Trends of the Region On federal comparison Mecklenburg-Vorpommern is the least populated Bundesland (Federal State) in Germany. The population will drop further in the next years. The decrease of the live births, the selective out-migration of especially young people and the increase of life-span results in an especially heavy demographic change and the connected ageing of the population. The current demographic development has profound effects on both the vocational and job market. The local businesses are missing qualified skilled workers. 13 009 pupils graduated from general education schools in 2009. Irrespective of their nonexistent professional qualification, even those are not enough to fill the open jobs. The businesses face the challenge to recruit skilled workers from other areas of the Federal Republic or the adjoining countries. As early as 2009 less than 0.8 applicants applied for a job in large parts of MecklenburgVorpommern. Due to lacking applicants some businesses were not able to fill their open jobs or could only fill them after more than a year. From the perspective of the economy, the poor training aptitude with simultaneously rising requirements and decreasing graduate numbers will all together become a major problem. In the common opinion the negative effects of the skills shortage will have a longer lasting effect than the current economic and financial crisis. Ageing and lack of skilled junior staff can be development constraints for many companies and therefore limit their competitiveness considerably.

Growth Sector in the Region Mecklenburg-Vorpommern is an economically underdeveloped Bundesland. The main industrial areas are tourism, including wellness, shipbuilding and agriculture. As a survey among businesses of the trade association for Mecklenburg-Vorpommern incorporated society showed, especially the chemical industry, the food industry, the service sector, the temporary employment sector and the telecommunication sector anticipate distinctive growth within the next year.

Job Market Demand – “New Jobs” The situation on the employment market will be manifold in the future as well. The growth sectors are the food industry, the field of telemarketing and services. Especially temporary employment agencies are increasingly looking for qualified skilled workers. In contrast to the growth sectors there are sectors with a decline in employment. This is due to the current financial and economic crisis and will therefore especially affect the building sector, finance and insurance industry as well as wholesale and foreign trade.

“New Skills” The requirements to the working world have increased: A higher competitive pressure develops through globalisation. New technologies require more flexibility and economic structural change leads to a knowledge-based society based on services. Employees have to take more responsibility in the future. But for this accumulated knowledge is not enough. Therefore the economy requires more and more social and methodological competencies. That means the ability to communicate, the creative will and assertiveness are in great demand. Key qualifications like team work, network thinking, sense of responsibility and decisiveness have to be trained and supported at an early stage.

Regional Module Next to numerous initiatives, which have been initiated by the most different actors, the central task applies to education and economy: Improvement of the vocational maturity, leaving nobody behind on the way to vocational training and job, intensification of occupational orientation and with it increased advertisement for the home region. The schools and the local economy have to make combined efforts in order to promote current job descriptions and vocational opportunities in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, to acquaint pupils with the according requirements in time and that way campaign for a local vocational training. The Regional Module will be implemented into the occupational orientation at school to foster the needed competences to improve the crossover into the world of work.

116 The project is implemented through the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF.


3.3 Olomoucky region General Socio-Economic Trends of the Region The Olomouc region (Olomoucký kraj) is in the long-term among the economically weakest NUTS III regions in the Czech Republic. The same is true for NUTS II region of Central Moravia, which is formed by the Olomouc and Zlín regions. All the macroeconomic indicators of the Olomouc and Central Moravia regions confirm perpetual lagging behind and increasing gap from the international level. We can list the following as the main causes of this negative trend (which will possibly prevail also in the near future): •

There is virtually no true internationally strong company in the region;

The education and public institutions in the regional metropolis are strongly oriented towards humanities, that are outside of industry and financial services;

The agricultural aptitudes of primary production are not used in the added value of local manufacturing capacities;

30 % of the land is protected as environmentally and historically significant in the region

Along the perimeter of the region, there are other economically weak regions of Bohemia, Moravia, Silesia, and Poland

Relative lagging has spurred exodus of skilled people into economically stronger cities in Bohemia and Moravia

Also, in retrospect calculation for the EU-27, i.e. including Poland, Romania, Bulgaria, and Hungary, the region has “perpetually” 61 % of average EU/ inhabitant GDP.

Growth Sector in the Region •

machinery

manufacture and construction

textile industry

industrial and consumer goods

Job Market Demand – “New Jobs” There is no large company in the region with traditional connections to the international economy. After the year 2000, there was a stateendorsed LG Philips investment in Hranice with a promise of € 1 billion. This project failed. On the regional market, the crucial requirements for professions remain dictated by the industrial structure. The large companies require: •

Machinist knowledge and professions;

IT skills for certain positions;

Documentation reading skills in German and English language;

Ability to be assigned to continuous processes

Middle-size enterprises need more universal competences: •

Combination of several machinist professions knowledge/skills;

Knowledge of similar professions and technical connections;

Knowledge of trade relations

There are no serious data for small size enterprises. We can assume emphasis on partial competences mentioned with middle-size enterprises.

“New Skills” •

The employers ask mainly for extension and improvement of the practical part of education in schools;

Teaching greater independence;

One of the frequently mentioned issues is foreign language learning, which should be taught from early on in life and more emphasis should be put on the active usage of and ability to communicate in a foreign language;

117 The project is implemented through the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF.


Working with information - meaning researching, processing and using them, evaluating, generalizing, and looking for connections in them;

Personal development - Not only intellectual development is important here, but also the strengthening of moral virtues, education towards humanity, thoughtfulness, decency, and social skills development should be emphasized;

Adjusting offered education possibilities to job market’s needs;

Teacher’s preparation - have up-to-date field knowledge, and who are capable of passing this knowledge on to their pupils and students;

Willingness to learn and self-educate even after the end of formal education is considered by the employers crucial for graduates of all fields and levels of education.

Regional Module •

Improvement of technical and industrial education;

Improvement of language education;

Improvement of soft-skills;

Requalification and further education;

Stronger partnership between enterprises, educational institutions and the regional office/municipalities.

118 The project is implemented through the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF.


3.4 Moravskoslezsky kraj General Socio-Economic Trends of the Region Since the 19th century the Moravian-Silesian Region is one of the most important industry regions in central Europe. The region has several industrial zones with an average population density of ca. 74 %. The economic structure of the Moravian-Silesian region is dominated by coalmining, metallurgy and energy industries. The region has the second highest GDP in the Czech Republic. The Moravian-Silesian region offers a specialised industrial labour force with a deep understanding of traditional industrial branches. The largers employers are companies in the manufacturing industry, which employ in total 164,4 thousand of people (29.2 %) – e.g. ArcelorMittal, Vítkovice, OKD, Hyundai Automotive, Třinecké železárny and others. More than 70 thousand employees are in the automobile sector, and over 50 thousand of people are working in building industries. Other large employers are health and education institutions, the public transport system of the city Ostrava, Czech railways and others.

Growth Sector in the Region In Moravian-Silesian Region has a sufficient number of industrial zones, where companies can invest in and start businesses. The most successful zones are in: Karviná – Nové Pole and Kopřivnice. The region has developed an important industrial zone in Nošovice for the important world automobile manufacturer – Hyundai Motor Manufacturing Czech (HMMC). The biggest share of production of the CZ national economy CZ lies in manufacturing industries, especially metallurgy, engineering and automotives. Growth sector in the Region: •

IT, automobile industry and specialised services in the energy and machinery sector

real estate and factoring

building industry

manufacturing industry

health service

Job Market Demand – “New Jobs” A number of companies are entering the region, which require qualified and competent employees e.g. for the automotive industry. MoravianSilesian region accept labour market requirements and at the same time supports education and training in such areas as engineering, metallurgy, and mining. At present, the region has launched an informative campaign for employment opportunities these areas. The region in cooperation with education and human resources specialists has implemented a large project “ForTech”, with the aim of invoking the increased interest of pupils, students, teachers, and parents in technical school education to meet the requirements of the industrial companies in the region.

“New Skills” The analysis has shown that there is a vital need in the region to improve practical skills and knowledge of foreign languages at secondary and post-secondary school level. Other required skills are machinist skills, IT skills, working with information, practical experiences and improvement of technical and industrial education.

Regional Module The Moravian-Silesian Region contributes to a better matching of the skills of the regional workforce to the available employment possibilities within the framework of the Regional Innovation Strategy. The Strategy is concerned with the education of human resources in technology transfers, intellectual property protection, and regional innovation systems. It is also very important to boost the motivation of those who are already working in research and development, to produce excellent results and to attract top-level foreign researchers to the MoravianSilesian Region. Finally yet importantly, activities will also be devoted to the development of a system of technical and other education. The Moravian-Silesian Region is concentrating on and is trying to increase interest in technical education. Centres for professional practical disposition at schools are being established. Projects to modernise technical and didactical equipment, as well as to support new forms of education with practical training experience are being implemented. A exciting new development is the development of school cooperation with employers.

119 The project is implemented through the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF.


3.5 Bygosko-Toruński Subregion General Socio-Economic Trends of the Region With accordance to the population projection of Demographic Surveys Division of CSO (GUS) for years 2008-2035 by NUTS3 level, that is the Kuyavian-Pomeranian voivodeship, the size of population will be systematically decreasing and in 2035 it will amount to 1,95 million people, i.e. 90 % of the current state. The time of the 2009 crisis is distinctly reflected in the labour market trends, especially in the quantity of planned employment and in the type of unemployment. Yet general trends show a gradual increase in the amount of economically active persons (when compared to 2008 in 2009 the amount comes to ca 15 %) amid whom the group of working people is increasing with exception of 2009 when the shares of the unemployed increased (from 9.1 % to 10.4 %). Consequently, a professional activity rate is increasing up to the level of 54,8% (when compared to 2008 in 2009 the percentage increase is of 2.4 points). However, in 2009 the number of graduates taking the first job decreased and this applied to all levels and types of schools. The lack of balance on the job market might be reflected by the fact that at the end of each calendar year enterprises significantly increase the amount of vacancies, while the level of unemployment is still remaining, including graduates’ unemployment. Both vacancies and planned workplaces are created for employees with a specific profession, which means offers are aimed at employees with a higher or basic vocational educational. This is confirmed by regional and county employment agencies. Macroeconomic data create a picture of a region that is distinguished by an increase of such values as GDP or the average salary; however, the above mentioned increase each time is lower than average Polish values. In other words, not only the Kuyavian-Pomeranian subregion but also the whole voivodship does not keep pace with economic growth regarding its dynamics rate.

Growth Sector in the Region The changes in shares of the employed within main economic sectors show the increase in service shares and the decreasing significance of agriculture. Nevertheless, the industry sector stays important for historical reasons. This issue is mirrored in the shortage and planned workplaces that are focused on professionals, engineers and other medium level personnel and industrial workers or craftsmen. Although a part of the demand is connected to a labour market tool named subsidized employment, the very presence of the above mentioned groups indicates the importance of an industrial sector in the process of generating new workplaces. Namely, it is people with a specific trade that are being looked for. Strategic documents and qualitative research show that a significant role in the industry is assigned to the section that is connected to chemical processing and machine production. Correspondingly, within the service sector this role is assigned to education, enterprise and leisure activity management (tourism and all connected services).

Job Market Demand – “New Jobs” Employment agencies research indicate a demand for employees who have a trade that fulfil employers’ expectations. Such professional profiles as a popular economist technician, a shop assistant or an office technician seems to be too general in case of graduates’ employment That is to say that employers are looking for a person with a knowledge of concrete tools and procedures. At the same time they realize that a constant change in office equipment makes it impossible for new employees to be fully prepared, so that a willingness to further development, a sense of responsibility or reliability is also expected. This is especially distinct in case of candidates professional preparation assessment that shows that employers observe that candidates posses a limited professional knowledge and fewer practical skills, though they make good by a willingness to further development. The research conducted in the region did not allow for a precise determination of future key occupations and, following on from this educational profiles were also not determined in details. However, it might be distinguished that in the region the profiles are oriented towards technical and engineering disciplines (e.g.: mechatronics, IT) which should be reflected by students joining the staff, and in consequence, the industry and IT sector should start developing.

“New Skills” Research results based not only on employers’ expectations but also on graduates experience on the labour market indicated that current and future core competence is on the one hand both narrow and difficult to predict, on the other “old” and general. Narrow concerns specific tools (including IT) that are used in order to accomplish tasks in the given firm. These tools might be of use only if an educational institution and the firm provided a coordinated training. General and „old” competence, though marketable, concerns vocational skills that are connected with exactness and manual dexterity. In preceding generations the above mentioned skills were acquired in basic vocational and secondary-technical schools, or by a system of apprenticeship at work-place or during school workshops. The reforms of the school system in Poland contributed to a rapid elimination of any chances of acquiring such skills by the present generation (especially because of the redirecting the education to the general upper sector). The second field of „new-old” competence refers to items that are termed “soft”. These might be connected with own and others work management (multitasks coordination), relationships (life and work), team working, communication, negotiation, information gathering and selection. Some changes that have occurred in work places and companies structure not only shaped the narrow vocational expectations, but also highlighted and increased the importance of good relationship maintenance, the lack of which is being discerned by both parties of the labour market.

120 The project is implemented through the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF.


The said competence might be fully transferred in case of work-place change and regardless a post or a field, it is not subject to change. The “new-old” competence concerns also broadly defined digital skills – not so much highly complex tools usage, as an effective work on office software, communication device usage and a readiness to explore their new applications.

Regional Module In order to summarize the expectations of both labour market parties and to diagnose existing gaps by considering likely possibilities of training implementation, the proposed regional modules are focused on soft competence, especially social and digital ones of general character (that is communication skills and information gathering). The proposal has been supported by the overview of EU labour market conditions and its history. To sum up, the proposed regional modules are ( both on-line and on-site forms): •

negotiations and mediations as ways to resolve conflicts

relational skills workshop

assertiveness and effective communication

netiquette

modern information technologies

intellectual property protection

searching and information selection

European integration studies

121 The project is implemented through the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF.


3.6 Walbrzyski region General Socio-Economic Trends of the Region Among the most crucial factors contributing to the general situation on the local labour market is an envisaged gradual decrease of the number of people in a productive age and lesser inflow of graduates into the labour market due to demographic decline. Also a decreased professional activity rate (especially of women and persons over 50 years of age) is discernible. Despite the fact that the unemployment rate has decreased recently, it remains significantly high, especially in Kłodzko District (21.6 %) and Dzierżoniów District (ca. 21.1 %) – that is almost 4-times higher unemployment rate than the national one (ca. 9.5 %). A small number of enterprises intending to recruit new employees in forthcoming months suggests that most of the enterprises of the Wałbrzych subregion do not plan on developing to such an extent that it would be necessary to employ new members of the staff. Therefore, the chances are thin that employment rates will increase in the subregion within the forthcoming few months, or even a year. Enterprises expect to employ 1,659 new workers (where 546 will be female, which makes for 32.9 % of the group). Growth of employment demand and decrease of supply (caused by declining number of citizens in a productive age and diminishing number of graduates entering labour market) may lead to a labour force deficit in the region in forthcoming years. The misfit between local labour market employers‘ demands and secondary and post-secondary school graduates‘ educational profiles is expected to increase, e.g. the number of engineering, technological and information technology majors is declining in the structure of tertiary education while the number of humanistic and pedagogical majors is increasing.

Growth Sector in the Region Predictions in the mid-term planning point to a further growth of employment demand, which stems from a steady upward trend in regional key economic sectors and strategic businesses (chemical production, radio, television and telecommunication equipment and devices production, hotels, restaurants and health resorts, other economic activity). Number of new employees will be most significant in the following sectors: Processing industry (42.3 % of all potential new employees), Other services activities (16.5 %), Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles (9.1 %) and Construction (9.1 %).

Job Market Demand – “New Jobs” Employers emphasise weak practical skills represented by graduates due to a lack of work experience. Even though there is a significant employment demand for many professions (such as hairdresser, electromechanical engineer, cook), employers face difficulties in finding employees representing a proper qualification level.

“New Skills” The analyses prove that there is a vital need to improve practical skills and knowledge of foreign languages in the region, on secondary and post-secondary school level. What is more, employers emphasise a need for potential employees to improve their social skills (customer focus, interaction capacity) as they are essential in the recruitment process. Employers emphasise that among the most crucial features required from the potential employees are practical skills. The graduate‘s ambitious attitude, focus on success and high motivation are also essential. Employers value the following features: wide theoretical knowledge and ability to manage many different tasks

Regional Module Module- social skills In our region employers emphasise a need for potential employees to improve their social skills (customer focus, interaction capacity) as they are essential in the recruitment process. Increasing of social skills may contribute to effectively finding job in regional key economic sectors ( other services activities , wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles)

122 The project is implemented through the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF.


3.7 Gorenjska Slovenija General Socio-Economic Trends of the Region Gorenjska lies in the northwest of Slovenia. To the north it borders Austria (Carinthia) along the Karavanke mountain range; to the west Italy (the Friuli-Venezia Giulia province) and the Gorica developmental region; to the east the Savinja region, and to the south it opens up towards the central Slovenian region. Gorenjska is crossed by the 10th European motorway and railway corridor. The town of Brnik hosts Slovenia‘s central airport, i.e. Ljubljana Airport (1.3 million passengers a year, 10 % growth in 2006 over 2005). All this contributes to Gorenjska‘s favorable geo-traffic position and its relatively good accessibility. With 201.779 (2009) inhabitants, Gorenjska represents 9.9 % of the national population. Covering 2,137 square kilometers which is 10.5 % of the Slovenia’s total surface, Gorenjska is the sixth in size of all Slovenian regions. Population density is under national average (93.4 inhabitants/km2). However, some parts represent larger densely populated and urbanized areas such as the regional centre of Kranj. Gorenjska is an Alpine region with a characteristic diverse mountainous landscape. Seventy percent of the region is a mountainous world, while only 29.8 % lies in the depressed/lowland part of central Slovenia. As much as 40.2 % of Gorenjska lies more than 1,000 meters above sea level, 59.4 % is covered with forests, 30.6 % is agricultural land and 10 % infertile land. Additionally, 44.4 % of the surface area is incorporated into NATURA 2000 sites. With 201.779 inhabitants (2009 data), Gorenjska (NUTS III) is home to 9,9 % of the total population of Slovenia (NUTS I). Gorenjska exhibits, like the whole of Slovenia, relatively small population growth (4.4 % in the last 20 years) and very quickly ageing of population (since 2006 proportion of population aged 65 years old and more has been higher than proportion of population between 0 and 15 years). Statistical data for 2009 shows that Gorenjska population growth is due to a positive natural change of population (natural increase was 631) and also positive migratory balance. There were 2.243 immigrants to Gorenjska from abroad and 1.449 emigrants from Gorenjska to abroad. Each year around 27.000 foreign citizens immigrate to Slovenia (NUTS I) - 27.393 in 2009. In 2009 most foreign citizens (87 %) came from the territory of the former Yugoslav republics (47.1 % from Bosnia and Herzegovina, 13.1 % from Kosovo, 10.9 % from Macedonia, 10.6 % from Serbia, 5.3 % from Croatia), 2 % from Bulgaria, 1.3 from Ukraine, 1% from Italy. 3.3 % foreigners came to Slovenia from non European countries. Following an extended period of improvement, the labour market situation started to deteriorate in the last quarter of 2008 with the impact of the crisis. In 2000–2008, the number of employed persons increased and unemployment declined, which was also reflected in a falling number of recipients of financial social assistance and unemployment benefits. These favorable trends were brought to a halt by the crisis. The number of employed persons declined, while the number of unemployed increased, which translated into a higher number of recipients of financial social assistance and unemployment benefits. Given that the number of the unemployed increased more notably in 2009 in regions with below-average unemployment rates, regional disparities declined, but with a significantly higher registered unemployment rate. The government responded to the crisis by passing two interventive acts aiming to preserve jobs and by increasing the participation of the unemployed in active labour-market policy programmes, thus preventing even higher unemployment growth. Both acts have played an important role in preserving jobs; however, in certain sectors, they may only postpone urgently required restructuring. With no rapid improvement of the labour-market situation in sight, labour market policy is faced with the great challenge of increasing participation of unemployed and employed persons in education and training programmes, and public works schemes, to increase their employability. Furthermore, it will also be necessary to gradually transform measures aimed at preserving jobs, which should be temporary and targeted to help enterprises to weather the crisis.

Growth Sector in the Region The Gorenjska development region has reached an important developmental milestone. The new financial perspective for the period 2007– 2013 will show whether the region can transform itself from an industrial region into a region participating in the creation of developmental trends. Analyses have shown that the potentials to achieve this vision certainly exist. Among these potentials, one should emphasize the great access to Gorenjska (corridor X, the airport), natural wealth, unexploited regional synergies: schools – researches – entrepreneurship, some globally successful companies and trademarks, human capital: young and well-educated people oriented to new technologies; towns and squares with important cultural heritage, closeness to Ljubljana and the borders. Apart from that, the lack of strong regional centre dictates a networking development, which stimulates partnership and cooperation. Before the crises following sectors and branches were flowering: •

Manufacturing

Tourism

Transport, storage and communication

Education

Health and social work

Construction

Social and personal services

123 The project is implemented through the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF.


With the increasing of the economic crises manufacturing and construction sector almost broke down totally. The agriculture sector has huge problems. Tourism, health, social work, social and personal services, communication and education managed to survive. Therefore it is highly expectable that those branches will be the leading sector even after the crisis. This means that the region will be forced to develop into a service society.

Job Market Demand – “New jobs” Despite economic crisis, which caused a large yearly increase of the registered unemployment rate, Gorenjska is one of the more successful regions in Slovenia. In 2009 only 7.3 % (6,313) of all registered unemployed persons in Slovenia (86.354) was registered in Gorenjska. With unemployment rate 6.9 %, Gorenjska had the second lowest rate of all regions in Slovenia. In the last ten years Gorenjska’s traditional economy has visibly moved from an industrial society (29.616 employees or 41.8 % of all employees) to a service society (39.164 employees or 55.2 % of all employees in December 2009). Labour-market movements are related to economic activity, which decelerated significantly in the first three quarters of 2008 and declined in the last quarter of 2008. The economic crisis has also started to show on the labour market, albeit with a lag. In 2000–2008, the situation on the labour market was improving, but started to deteriorate towards the end of 2008 due to the economic crisis. The number of persons in employment also continued to decline in the first half of 2009. The number of employed persons mainly declined in private sector activities, most notably in manufacturing as a result of domestic and foreign orders, which dropped especially in the period following October 2008. Among manufacturing sectors, in the period from June 2008 to June 2009, the number of people in employment declined most notably in the manufacture of metal products except machinery and equipment, and in the manufacture of electrical appliances. The latter would have seen an even more dramatic drop in employment, had it not been for the interventive act on partial subsidizing of fulltime work adopted in January 2009. Based on the applications filed for this subsidy, more than 50 % of persons employed in the manufacture of electrical appliances started to work shorter hours in March–September 2009. The last fifteen years the economy of Gorenjska past through different restructuring phases in traditional activities: steel and iron industry, textile and shoes industry and electro and rubber industry. The region wanted to remain competitive inside and outside of the region borders. The largest employers in the region are: •

Alpina d.d. Žiri,

Iskra MIS d.d. Kranj,

Merkur d.d. Naklo,

Lip Bled d.o.o. Bled,

Iskraemeco d.d. Kranj,

Sava Tires d.o.o. Kranj,

SŽ Acroni d.o.o. Jesenice,

Iskratel d.o.o. Kranj,

TCG Unitech LTH-OL d.o.o. Škofja Loka

Domel d.d. Železniki.

But still more than 50 % of workers are employed in services. And services are expected to be the leading sector for employment.

“New Skills” The region has 4 higher educational institutions with state accreditation of the programmes and institutions either public or private, within university or independent institutions: •

Faculty of Organizational Sciences, UM FOV, Kidričeva cesta 55a, 4000 Kranj, tel: (04) 237 42 00 Internet: http://www.fov.uni-mb.si

Faculty of State and European Studies (FDS), Predoslje 39, 4000 Kranj, tel: (04) 260 18 50, Internet: http://www.fds.si

IEDC - Bled School of Graduate Management, Prešernova cesta 33, 4260 Bled, tel: (04) 579 25 00, Internet: http://www.iedc.si

School of nursing (VŠZNJ), Spodnj plavž 3, 4270 Jesenice, tel: (04) 5869 360 Internet: http://www.vszn-je.si

Knowledge (education) in the 21st century has become a key development factor. Education and training is the only possible answer to the challenges of technological and structural changes. Envisaged is the development of technology centres and business-education centres. Resolution on the National Higher Education Programme

124 The project is implemented through the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF.


2006 - 2010 envisages an increase in the number of universities and regionalization. For the sustainable development of the region and to meet the needs of the economy for quality human resources, the university, which would be based in Gorenjska, is an important factor that would bring added value to the regional development, members and the possibility of rapid evolution and adaptation for university departments. Low variety of undergraduate and graduate programs in Gorenjska forces local authorities to act as soon as possible. Surveys uncover needs of the economy in the region for technical professions. The following higher education is identified as the most important: •

Information Communication Technology and Mechatronics,

Construction

Chemistry - polymeric,

Energy

Aviation engineering and maintenance

Biomedical engineering

Hotels and tourism, etc..

Identified as important within EU context and ET-struct project: •

language skills

intercultural E/T

environment protection

sustainable growth

renewable energy (solar, wind, water)

elderly care (e-inclusion, e-health, extending working period due to pension reforms)

The labour market shows the gap between the education demand and supply. This means that education must be adapted to the needs of regional economy and modern requirements / standards of knowledge, while developing new educational programs. Gorenjska is characterized by the apparent disparity in the labour market: an acute shortage of suitably qualified personnel (technical profiles), so the production is harmonised with needs. Local authorities are called to take immediate action. The data of required vocations in the region is to be found at the Employment Agency. With comparison of vocation, its code and study program, the special skills that are required can be defined. The most required skills in the Region of Gorenjska are: CODE

VOCATION

Education Degree

2130.05

Program developer

high

2142.07

Civil engineer

high

2143.06

Electrical engineer

high

2145.09

Mechanical engineer

high

2221.36

Physician

High

2222.06

Dentist

High

2224.03

Pharmacist

High

2229.07

Defectologist in health and social services

High

2340.01

Teacher for people with special needs

High

2411.06

Financial consultant

high

2411.09

Accountant

medium length vocational upper secondary

3112.01

Civil foreman

medium length vocational upper secondary

3112.05

Civil technician

technical upper secondary

3121.01

Programmer

Higher

3231.06

Nurse

upper secondary

125 The project is implemented through the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF.


3412.01

Insurance agent

upper secondary

3433.02

Bookkeeper

upper secondary

5122.04

Cook

short length vocational upper secondary

5123.04

Waiter

short length vocational upper secondary

5132.01

Nurse assistant

short length vocational upper secondary

7122

Mason

short length vocational upper secondary education

7123.03

Ironworker

short length vocational upper secondary

7124.04

Carpenter

short length vocational upper secondary

7131.01

Roofer

short length vocational upper secondary

7136.06

Heating installer

short length vocational upper secondary

7136.08

Plummer

short length vocational upper secondary

7137.01

Electrician

medium length vocational upper secondary

7211.06

Metal worker

short length vocational upper secondary

7212.01

Welder

short length vocational upper secondary

7222.02

Locksmith

short length vocational upper secondary

7222.03

Toolmaker

short length vocational upper secondary

7223.04

Turner

short length vocational upper secondary

7411.03

Butcher

short length vocational upper secondary

7412.03

Baker

short length vocational upper secondary

7412.05

Confectioner

short length vocational upper secondary education

7422.03

Joiner

short length vocational upper secondary

8323.01

Bus driver

short length vocational upper secondary e

8332.02

Mechanist

short length vocational upper secondary

As shown, there are 38 different vocations required in the Region. Among them: EDUCATION LEVEL

%

short length vocational upper secondary

52.63

high

26.32

upper secondary

10.53

medium length vocational upper secondary

7.89

higher

2.63

The most required skills are at vocational level (3 years of secondary education). Next to them, almost one half, are skills in higher education. There is only one in higher education and app. 20 % is skills in the level of 4 year upper secondary education. It is also obvious that the most required skills are in engineering, health and informatics, no matter about the level.

Regional Module As mentioned before, the economy of Gorenjska transformed from industrial to service society. All the data show that health and care, personal and social services are sectors who managed to survive the crisis and are also increasing. One of the most promising employment field is renewable sources of energy. It expected gradual transition to hybrid and electricity powered transport vehicles. There will probably be significant needs of new skill. For the purpose of this project it was decided not to duplicate regional modules. There are also many employment possibilities in the Health and care sector. One could be a part of a public system or one could establish own company and start a private business, which is strongly connected with H&C sector or could even be an important part of it. Enlistment of jobs and activities in H&C sector becomes from year to year wider and heterogeneous. Beside the jobs such as doctor, nurse or dentist there are many jobs in health and care, where the business career and personal growth can be built. Management and informatics or technical support in health and care are already well known activities in this sector. The possibilities of education in the region are good. With improving the study programme experts can be educated which the sector itself need a lot.

126 The project is implemented through the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF.


Elderly care is a specific sector in health and care branch. On the one side, the population is getting older, on the other side elderly people are much more energetic than they used to be. Rapid ageing populations are expected worldwide. With the rapid growth of the population, social work education and training specialized in older adults and practitioners interested in working with older adults are increasingly in demand. In the last decade geriatric social work education, practice, and research has received substantial support from foundations but many challenges and horizons still remain. Social gerontology is a multi-disciplinary sub-field that specializes in studying or working with older adults. Social gerontologists may have degrees or training in social work, nursing, psychology, sociology, demography, gerontology, or other social science disciplines. Social gerontologists are responsible for educating, researching, and advancing the broader causes of older people by giving informative presentations, publishing books and articles that pertain to the ageing population, producing relevant films and television programs, and producing new graduates of these various disciplines in college and university settings. Because issues of life span and life extension need numbers to quantify them, there is an overlap with demography. Those that study the demography of the human life span are different than those that study the social demographics of ageing. Home Care, (also referred to as domiciliary care or social care), is health care or supportive care provided in the patient‘s home by healthcare professionals (often referred to as home health care or formal care or skilled care) or by family and friends (also known as caregivers, primary caregiver, or voluntary caregivers who give informal care). Often, the term home care is used to distinguish non-medical care or custodial care, which is care that is provided by persons who are not nurses, doctors, or other licensed medical personnel, whereas the term home health care, refers to care that is provided by licensed personnel. Home care aims to make it possible for people to remain at home rather than use residential, long-term, or institutional-based nursing care. Home care providers render services in the client‘s own home. These services may include some combination of professional health care services and life assistance services. Professional home health services could include medical or psychological assessment, wound care, medication teaching, pain management, disease education and management, physical therapy, speech therapy, or occupational therapy. Life assistance services include help with daily tasks such as meal preparation, medication reminders, laundry, light housekeeping, errands, shopping, transportation, and companionship. There is a large demand for “new” or “renewed” jobs in health care and social services for which several new skills will be needed. The economy, services and educational institutions need to work together to satisfy the demands of modern society.

127 The project is implemented through the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF.


3.8 Jugovzhodna Slovenija General Socio-Economic Trends of the Region Growth Sector in the Region In Jugovzhodna Slovenija in 2009 the manufacturing sector generated most of the total net sales (75.7 %). The development of Jugovzhodna Slovenija is largely the result of the pharmaceutical industry, motor vehicle car industry and other light industry which together created almost half of gross value added in the region in 2007. The first two have been the strongest manufacturing sectors in the region, followed by the metal and wood industries. However, in the recent years the service sector in the region has been developing rapidly. Amongst these the spa tourism has gained importance, while the commercial sector and other service sector activities are growing stronger. In 2009, the Jugovzhodna Slovenija enterprises were again the leading exporters, the Novo mesto based car manufacturer ranked first with 1.26 billion of export in total, and the pharmaceutical company of Novo mesto with 776.3 Mio ranked third in Slovenia. However, only large and middle sized companies of Jugovzhodna Slovenija are stronger export oriented than the national average. It should be mentioned, that economic indicators vary greatly between some parts of the region and the municipalities. Most of the successful companies are based in the traditional sub-region of Dolenjska with the central city of Novo mesto and the surrounding smaller towns. Considering the business statistics, the other sub-regions, Bela krajina and Kočevje-Ribnica area are considerably weaker. According to data provided by AJPES and the Chamber of Commerce of Dolenjska and Bela Krajina, in 2009 the highest number of companies (1,344) was recorded in the sub-region of Dolenjska (of which 799 companies were based in Novo mesto) and recorded EUR 4.228 billion of income, of which EUR 206 million was net profit which approximately amounts to 84.1 %. The economically weaker sub-region of Bela krajina had 406 enterprises with 4,500 employees in total, which recorded 9 % of net sales. The weakest region was again the Kočevje-Ribnica area where 452 enterprises with ca. 4,000 employees generated 6.9 % of net sales. In Jugovzhodna Slovenija, good economic prospects can mostly be contributed to 39 large enterprises which have much greater importance for the region’s development than in other regions of Slovenia. On the other side, small and micro sized companies have contributed little to the net sales, which is a disadvantage of the Jugovzhodna Slovenija region. More than one half of people in employment were working within large enterprises, which at the end of 2009 contributed 70.3 % of net sales and 65.0 % of assets of all enterprises. Amongst the others, the following companies have been some of the most important for the region’s economic development in recent years: •

Most of the large companies (25) are based in the Dolenjska subregion, of which 14 have their headquarters in Novo mesto: the Krka pharmaceutical company; Revoz car manufacturer; Adria Mobil producing caravans and motor homes; TPV group specialized in development and manufacturing of automotive parts company; Ursa Slovenija, manufacturer of insulation materials; CGP construction, engineering, production and road maintenance company; Begrad construction and engineering company;

Based in the municipality of Trebnje: Trimo Company specialized in engineering and production of pre-fabricated buildings; Eurotek Trebnje transport company;

Registered seat in one of the municipalities of Bela Krajina sub-region, comprising 6 large enterprises: Secop of Črnomelj which develops and produces compressors, Kolpa of Metlika, the leading producer of bathroom equipment; 108

Based in the municipalities of Kočevje and Ribnica with 8 large enterprieses: Inles, manufacturer of windows and doors, Melamin which produces melamine chemical products and Snežnik, operating in the field of forestry and timber processing.

Job Market Demand – “New Jobs” For Jugovzhodna Slovenija region, the Employment Service of Slovenia forecasts that the following job profiles will be needed in the future: chemists, mechanical engineers, medical doctors, electrical and mechanical engineering technicians, nurses, cooks, waiters, shop salespersons, bricklayers and stonemasons, building trades workers, welders, tool-makers and related workers, cabinet makers and related workers, construction and maintenance labourers: roads, dams and similar constructions, manufacturing labourers in the car industry. New employment will be available mostly in enterprises based in the city of Novo mesto as follows: •

in Revoz d.d., the only Slovenian car manufacturer, entirely owned by the Renault Group and the only European plant manufacturing new Twingo and Renault Clio II vacancies are predicted for manufacturing labourers, welders for series production, tool-makers, sheetmetal workers, car painters;

KRKA tovarna zdravil, one of the leading generic pharmaceutical companies worldwide predicts new employments options for chemical-processing-plant operators, chemical technicians, masters of pharmacy, electrical engineering technicians and economists;

the General Hospital of Novo mesto and medical centres throughout the region, in close resemblance to the general trend in the health care service in Slovenia, is lacking medical doctors and nurses with higher education;

the Terme Krka thermal spas with its wide range of wellness and spa services anticipate further employment needs for medical doctors, cooks and waiters.

������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������   Economic statistics of the Dolenjska and Bela Krajina Region. Chamber of Commerce of Dolenjska and Bela krajina. Available from: http://www.gzdbk.si/ si/regija/gospodarstvo/

128 The project is implemented through the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF.


In recent months of 2010, the employers of Jugovzhodna Slovenia, have mostly required shop assistants, drivers – auto mechanics, mechanical engineering and economic technicians, kindergarten teachers and medical technicians. Besides the above mentioned job profiles, there has been increasing demand for carpentry technicians, computer engineers, English professors and pre-school teaching professionals. On the other side, within the register of unemployed persons of Jugovzhodna Slovenija, there were mostly workers with no occupation, economic technicians, shop assistants, general upper secondary school graduates, mechanical technicians, textile workers, shop managers and graduates in economics109. For decades, the majority in Slovenia argued that highly educated people and an unbound education system is the key to economic growth. The human capital development in Slovenia in the sense of getting higher or tertiary education was considered the most important objective within the transition towards a knowledge based economy, and one of the most important tasks for successful integration with the European market and competitiveness of the Slovenian economy. However, the situation has now changed entirely. Nowadays, there has been an increasing demand in work which does not require tertiary education, however, wages for employment where lower education is needed are mostly lower and such work is often devaluated. Since there are not enough jobs for young people in the fields of their study, they are forced to choose fixed or part-time work below their level of education and with lower income.

“New Skills” Within the Regional development programme of the Jugovzhodna Slovenija one of the core development goals is to promote lifelong learning and ensure knowledge that corresponds to the demands of the regional economy. Jugovzhodna Slovenia is to become a region of knowledge and equal development opportunities and in order to achieve this goal the basic principles of lifelong learning shall be taken into consideration. The Lifelong Learning Strategy for Slovenia, prepared by the Ministry of Education and Sport of Slovenia,110 foresees that implementation and use of knowledge, skills and learning shall be considered the fundamental source and driving force for the development of local and regional areas as well as development of social networks within them. Besides job-specific skills, the general skills such as critical thinking, creativity, innovativeness, initiative, problem solving, risk assessment, decision taking, constructive management of feelings111 and similar play a significant role in the development of human resources and responsible individuals. Through principles of lifelong learning more initiatives and strategic projects in this direction can be implemented with a unique goal of creating a “thinking and learning society”. Other surveys at the national level showed that following competences are considered most important in the early transition from higher education to labour market: mastery and field specific knowledge; competences related to learning (major distinctive subcategories identified are self learning and development and abilities of continuous learning); personal proficiency (major distinctive subcategories identified are team work and time management); communication skills with foreign languages as the main distinctive subcategory; and ICT skills. The results of the ET-struct Regional Survey of Jugovzhodna SLovenija have shown that on the one hand the enterprises operating in the technical sector certainly need people with good technical and manual skills, knowledge of machinery, equipment and materials. However, on the other hand the great majority also indicated that employees need to have good relational skills, the ability to work efficiently, independently and at the same time be good at team work. Depending on their field of work employees need to efficiently solve problems, manage important tasks simultaneously as well as manage people within a team. Thus it can be seen that soft skills, intercultural and interpersonal competences are of paramount importance. Among others the employees need to convey information effectively and ensure good customer service. Almost one half of the interviewed companies expect their employees to have good knowledge of English. Surely when the export-oriented companies of Jugovzhodna Slovenija enter new target markets, good knowledge of foreign languages is of great advantage. All these aspects need to be further developed within the regional initiatives and lifelong learning projects, since only with clear vision in the education and economy sectors we can ensure sustainable growth and development of the knowledge society.

Regional Module In today’s rapidly changing world the education institutions need to establish a constant care for lifelong education and learning. The quality of education programmes is becoming more and more important, and there needs to be a permanent care for improvement and modernisation. Within the recent education system reforms all institutions have indeed strived for cooperation between various social partners to meet the employer’s demands for job-specific and general competences. Nevertheless, more needs to be done in the field of interpersonal, intercultural and relational skills since in today’s information society the contents of study courses are in fact ever-changing and it is hard to even predict which job profiles will be needed in the near future let alone forecast the jobs and occupations for the remote future. In this sense, the development of general skills or soft skills, creativity, innovativeness, multidisciplinary learning, responsible and critical thinking, interpersonal relations, multicultural skills, should be emphasized to a greater extent throughout the learning process for future success and growth. These prospects have been the basis for choosing the topic for the regional module of Jugovzhodna Slovenija: i.e. INTERCULTURAL COMMUNICATION AND SOCIAL ENTREPRENEURSHIP. By developing the modules in these fields, the employees of the region will gain good general skills (business skills, entrepreneurship, language skills, communication and intercultural skills, etc.) in order to have better understanding of the present market situation and to feel reassured about developing new ideas, products or services. By teaching and training people in the filed of entrepreneurship, especially by giving them knowledge of new possibilities of social entrepreneurship, the number of people which open and successfully run their own businesses will increase. The advantages of the region have to be further developed especially with good and diverse supporting businesses and investments in small ��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������   Bolarič, Nataša: Manj potreb po delavcih, še manj zaposlitev. Finance newspaper, 28.9.2010. Available from: http://www.finance.si/290418/Manj-potrebpo-delavcih-%B9e-manj-zaposlitev ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� Jelenc, Zoran (ed.). 2009. Strategija vseživljenjskosti učenja v Sloveniji. Ljubljana: Ministry of Education and Sport of the Republic of Slovenia. �������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������   Recommendation 2006/962/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council on key competences for lifelong learning. OJ L 394, 30.12.2006.

129 The project is implemented through the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF.


and quality enterprises. The regionâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s larger companies will continue their export orientation, and more micro and small sized companies have to follow in order to invest in their further development. Thus, to gain better knowledge of the business market flows, the employees need to have more knowledge of international business. To ensure flexible and efficient communication with foreign business partners, it is inevitable that every employee shall have sufficient English language knowledge, preferably also knowledge in other languages and a thorough knowledge of other cultures. Furthermore, for establishing proper business relations, good communication skills, relational skills and other soft skills are needed. Here, good knowledge of the business etiquette, understanding of the society and culture of different countries can be of major advantage. The social skills are indeed of great importance in all economic sectors and crucial for the personal and occupational development of an employee.

130 The project is implemented through the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF.


3.9 Province of Modena General Socio-Economic Trends of the Region The data collected in the surveys among local companies show a general scenario of recovery from the crisis, both for production, sales and purchase orders. The general situation is better than in 2009, it is possible to notice an increase in the number of enterprises and the sales are increasing since the last quarter of 2010. The reduction of employees, especially in industry, comes from an over-production capacity that still the market is not able to absorb. Still too high is the number of employees in “cassa integrazione” (unemployment state benefit) and „in deroga“. During the 2nd quarter of 2010, the data showed a general recovery of the situation, even if the adverse effects of 2009 crisis are still present. More specifically, between January and September, industrial production increased by 9.8 %, while sales in the second and third quarters of 2010 showed increases of +10.8 % and +14.7 %. The increased support to GDP growth will be from exports of goods, which should increase according with the resumption of international trade, expected after the sharp decline in 2009. According to the research by Prometeia (Study center) GDP, from 2010 and 2011 will record a positive trend with an average growth rate between +1.4 % and +1.8 %. During the second quarter of 2010 data registered an increase in the general situation , even if the negative effects of the crisis are not cancelled. More in detail, between January and September the industrial production growth rate was +9.8 %, the GDP, in the second and third quarter of 2010 the region recorded a growth rate of +10.8 % and +14.7 %.

Growth Sector in the Region At sectoral level the economic recovery is confirmed by a general increase in the Modena industrial production. The best results are recorded in the export oriented sectors, especially mechanics machinery, with a positive effect on all local companies. A positive trend is noticeable in sectors related to construction, such as ceramics and related chemical industry, followed by transport. Exports are partly responsible for this positive trend. In the Biomedical and Food sectors the growth rate was slower. However, it has to be underlined that these sectors have been less affected by the crisis, and therefore have less potential to recover. The positive trend affects mainly the sector of Commerce (+0.8 % and 113 companies in the Province), Constructions (+0.2 %) and Hotels and restaurants (+1.8 %). In addition, the energy sector marks +3.1 % of the number of firms in 2010. Quality and innovation are the keywords to allow economic recovery in Modena, as indeed for the whole of Italian industry.

Job Market Demand – “New Jobs” The Regional Survey was conducted in the manufacturing engineering sector, where the Green Economy is developing (installation and maintenance of electrics, and plumbing residential and industrial solar thermal, solar and geothermal plants). According to the regional survey, companies operating in the plant engineering facilities sector, in the province of Modena needs are to hire new staff to meet growing market demand, to increase the average revenue and to expand their market, even if only at local level. Most requested job profiles, according with the survey „Information System Excelsior“, in the Province of Modena are Technicians and Associate Professionals, Plant and Machine Operators and Assemblers, Craft and Related Trades Workers. More specifically, companies need Electricians, Construction site engineers, Technical employees with upper secondary education (technical and professional qualifications) and higher vocational education. The survey shows that companies ask for high education level, considered as an asset in order to best carry out the duties related to the job profile. The companies surveyed reported deficiencies in the education system: lack of interaction between schools and the employment market, with negative consequences related to deficiency of knowledge and skills.

“New Skills” The decision to survey this sector, at local level, is linked to the fact that this sector has not so strongly felt the impact of the crisis, if compared to the traditional sectors in the Province of Modena (tiles, manufacturing and mechanics). The companies in this sector need skills. These specific skills are actually not always available in the labour market. Finally there is a lack of education and training courses to train these employees. This new sector definitely better fits to the primary objective of ET-struct „New skills for new jobs”, if compared with other traditional sectors already surveyed and explored by the education and vocational training system at provincial, regional and national level.

131 The project is implemented through the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF.


With regard to the skills required, companies look for ability to work in a team, ability to independently manage the work assigned, ability to use the material resources and equipment provided, with specific knowledge of sectoral laws. These skills are the same required by the companies investigated by the Excelsior system at the provincial level. Almost half the sample considered important knowledge of the English language which requires a mastery of the technical terminology needed to understand equipment guides and technical support handbooks, and to communicate with foreign suppliers.

Regional Module Business Planning and Start-up An effect of the continuation of the economic crisis is the growing use, sometimes detrimental for both the economic and social reasons, of self-employment as a solution to the direct effects of the crisis on individuals (such as their loss of job). In various local contexts in northern Italy, for instance, there are increasingly frequent situations in which newly unemployed or not employed, which in this period have no opportunity to access the labour market on their traditional positions, improvise themselves as entrepreneurs without any sort of support in investigating the impact that this can result in terms of personal, family and economic efforts (without even weighting the risks and hazards such a choice will mean). Therefore itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s been registered a very high mortality level of enterprises in their very first year of business activities that generates more relevant concerns and the related need for institutional intervention for support. On the contrary, the high birth rate of micro-enterprises (including self-employment) would be an exceptional response to the effects of stagnation and even recession of local economic systems unless accompanied by adequate support aimed at the strengthening of skills and competencies both managerial and technical of these new entrepreneurs. Therefore the module is intended to lead the users to the participation to an innovative model of assessment and transfer of skills needed for the creation of new businesses, where the skills for doing business may in fact be â&#x20AC;&#x153;connectedâ&#x20AC;? to the expertise of those who follow new paths of employment and / or re-employment, allowing individuals to assess the potential and constraints of self-employment as a gateway to the labour market.

132 The project is implemented through the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF.


3.10 Veneto Region General Socio Economic Trends of the Region Istat data, updated in the third quarter of 2010, confirm a phase characterized by a substantial stability of employment (excluding seasonal labor factors), which indeed seem to prevail the positive impulses arising from self-employment to those resulting from the contraction dynamics of the work employee: the trend change in employment, positive for 15,000 units, is the result of a significant shortfall of workers (-52,000) and the continued significant recovery of self employment (+67,000). The negative employment effects of the crisis clearly emerge by observing the evolution of employment in the manufacturing sector. As for leading indicators, these are the highlights: •

The employment rate in the Veneto Region in the third quarter of 2010, for the population aged 15 to 64 years, amounted to 64.1%, a slight increase (two-tenths of a point) over the same quarter of 2009. At national level, however, there is a continued downward trend in the employment rate, which decreased from 57.5 % in the third quarter of 2009 to 56.7 % in 2010;

The required rate of employment growth and the unemployment rate have led to an increase in the participation rate for people aged 15 to 64 years: more than half a point from the third quarter of 2009 (but is still below a point from the third quarter of 2008);

The unemployment rate in the Veneto in the third quarter of 2010 rose 5.2 %, about 0.4 percentage points more than in the corresponding quarter of 2009 (4.8 %), and the distance from the national average is equal to 2, 4 percentage points (7.6 %).

The amount of people looking for a job corresponding quarter of 2009.

was in the third quarter of 2010 amounted to 114,000 units + 9,000 units compared to the

Employment continued to decline in the third quarter of 2010, although slightly. Confirming trends since the beginning of the crisis, the reduction was more marked among young people. In a framework characterized by expectations of a slow return to the pre-crisis levels of output, firms prefer contractual arrangements that are more flexible than full-time permanent posts. For 2011, no one can see signs of stunted growth of people seeking employment. The trend in the unemployment rate reflects that seen for people seeking employment in 2011 for the Veneto the rate will rise between 5.5 % and 5.9 %. According to the study of UNIONCAMERE the percentage of unemployed in 2013 in Veneto will reach the rate of 7.8 %. The Gross Domestic Product in 2008 decreased in real terms of 5.9 % which is a contraction greater than that observed for Italy. Veneto’s GDP will grow in 2010, 1.6 %, 0.5 % higher than the national average. For 2011 the estimated growth in GDP will be around 1 %. Regarding forecasts for 2012 and 2013 the increase will go up considerably and should reach more than 1, respectively, 4 and 1.7 % as the study indicates the center for General Confederation for Italian Crafts (Confartigianato) in Veneto. According to estimates, the gross fixed capital in the coming years will return to growth: +1.8 % +3.1 % in 2011 and 2012. In 2013, the forecast of growth of investment is estimated around 2.7 %. The turnaround is remarkable, compared to the decrease (-12.1 %) of 2009 and stagnation (+0.1 %) of this year. With regard to household expenditure, the improvement will be less sensitive, both because the decrease has been lower and because the problems of employment will have an effect: consumption will rise by 0.8 % in 2011 and 0.9 % in 2012 to reach a + 1.3 % in 2013.

Growth Sector in the Region The economic survey of Unioncamere on the production of the manufacturing industry has seen a trend in data recovery for companies with more than 10 employees (+5.6 %) since the third quarter of 2009 the downward trend was approximately 15 %, we see that compared to production levels of 2007-2008 are still under 10 %. According to ISTAT data, in the third quarter of 2010, the value of exports of Veneto totaled 11.4 billion, a significant recovery (+21 %) in the third quarter of 2009 (9.4 md), but still lower than that of the third quarter 2008 (12.1 md). A national export growth between the third quarter of 2009 and the third quarter of 2010 amounted to + 18 %. The forecasts at the regional level Veneto indicate an increased added value, higher than the national average (+1.0 %), between 1.1 and 1.3 and 1 % in 2010, 8 % in 2011 and will affect the industry in the strict sense and services whereas it will turn out to be still negative the performance in the construction industry. The growth will be driven mainly by higher exports: +5.8 % * for 2010 and 6.7 % in 2011. In household consumption is also rising but at lower rates (between 1.6 and 1.9 %). Below we set out estimates of trends in various economic sectors in the Veneto region for the period between 2010 and 2014, according to surveys conducted by ISFOL (Institute for the Development of Vocational Training of Workers). The service sector of transport and communications represents 8, 3 % of total GDP. In the 2008-2009 periods, the sector recorded a decline of 4.3 % of its value due to the fall in industrial demand, also related to the marked deceleration in trade. In perspective, it is possible to envisage a continuation of the trend over the medium term growth reached between 2010 and 2014 value added by the industry at 2.8 % per year on average. The sector of hotels and public exercises, which is closely linked to tourism, produces a valuable share of the Italian GDP, amount 4 %.

133 The project is implemented through the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF.


The dynamics of value added in the last two decades clearly showed a trend of growth that will be maintained over the medium term. Between 2010 and 2014 the value added of the sector is forecast to grow by 1.7 % a year. The other areas that will have a positive trend of growth of its value added in the period between 2010 and 2014 are as follows: •

Business services - expanding the value added is expected to continue at average annual rates of 1.6 %.

Production and distribution of energy is expected to increase at a rate of 1.3 % per year.

Monetary and financial sector activity is expected to grow by 2 % per year on average.

Wholesale and retail provides a rather modest growth of value added of 0.6 % per year.

Agriculture forecasts an average annual rate of change of zero.

Concerning the activities of the construction sector, it is expected to continue to contract again in the period 2010 - 2014, with average annual rates of 0.7 % in the period between 2010 and 2014. The forecast for the value added of the fisheries sector will be reduced by an average of 4.8 % per year.

Job Market Demand – “New Jobs” The following will explain the forecasts of professional needs in the Veneto region in average annual percentage change over the period 2007 - 2014 according to the calculations carried out on micro-and IRS ISFOL Istat Labour Force and forecast ISFOL - REF. In Veneto, in the period between 2007 and 2014 for the professional group “unskilled occupations in services to individuals and similar” is expected a very significant increase in employment of 1.8 % which is below the national rate (2.5 %). In quantitative values employment is expected to increase in 2007 from 109,709.00 to 123,912.00 in 2014. An important trend of growth is expected also for the professional group “professionals in tourism and hotel” with an employment increase of 1.4 %, above the national value (0.1 %). In quantitative values employment is expected to increase in 2007 from 179,725.00 to 198,231.00 in 2014. It is expected a variation % on annual average on the increase over the period 2007 - 2014 for the following professional groups: •

Skilled jobs in health services +1.3 %

Health specialists +1.1 %

Technical professions in the health sciences and life +0.9 %

Technical occupations in public services and persons +0.1 %.

“New Skills” As part of the tourist services, tour operators reserve the increasingly important tourism sector agro-industries, in order to qualify the offered services. From this need arises the figure of the promoter of services utilization of food products. This figure deals with the organization and delivery of banquets, receptions and lunches, food and wine events for the promotion of local products. Here are some of the specific skills that are required: •

provide the preparation of food and wine events, receptions, buffet lunches and making a series of inspections where the event is held, overseeing the menu and the preparation of local dishes

organize events related to the promotion of local products and supervise the demonstrations.

As far as the energy services are concerned, the availability of renewable energy sources and environmental protection have imposed more and more figures that should be able to intervene in the two areas mentioned above. As far as the first sector is concerned, the emerging role is that of “installer and maintainer of plants fueled by renewable energy sources”. This figure is involved in terms of size and the initial system installation as well as in the maintenance phase of their certification. We mention some of the specific skills that are required: •

carry out a feasibility study of project

make the system design by choosing the components and its physical location

oversee the installation of the system.

carry out the functional inspection

134 The project is implemented through the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF.


As to the second field, the emerging role is that of the energy performance checker - which is involved in the design phase of buildings to ensure their environmental compatibility. The certification is compulsory in fact: for every new building it is necessary to have a certificate of qualification energy. The specific skills that will be required are: •

point out the technical specifications for the systems of exploitation of renewable energy

determine the energy requirements

calculate the emissions of CO2

provide directions for improving the energetic efficiency.

Regional Module The design of the regional modules will focus on tourism/ agrofood sector by focusing on the development of project ideas related to the following themes: Valorisation of typical local products: highlighting the legal, historical and territorial sales and marketing, business and local promotion Production of typical food: promoting short courses for the submission of technical realization of local products and thus spreading the culture of taste, the discovery of traditions and characteristics of the area, the redevelopment of old trades, recovery environment and food research culture of our valleys, mountains, coasts, and so on., the appreciation of our rich agricultural region as a “place” to promote tourism, protection of the environment, recovery and rediscovery of ancient knowledge, stimulate the process of return of the younger generation in the area and new initiatives of youth entrepreneurship. The high quality and diversity of agricultural food production in the Veneto region has always been recognized and this area is characterized by the presence of many small producers who, in typical areas and handing down knowledge, have developed unique products that over time have lost manpower. Investing in this sector is undoubtedly a primary objective of the Veneto region in order to pursue even employability of the young generation, development of new business proposals (individual or group), increase tourism by promoting the paths of taste, to protect the heritage environment which is the primary source from which it was created and developed the typical product

Source used: •

Chamber of Commerce of Padua

Elaborations of Veneto Lavoro on the basis of Istat data

Observatory Union Camere

Elaborations of ISFOL IRS on the basis of Istat Labour Force data and forecast ISFOL REF

135 The project is implemented through the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF.


3.11 Zakarpattya Region Ppoject Partner 17 of the ET-struct project (the Association of Students-Economists of Zakarpattya) - representing a Central Europe non EU Member State region - is not receiving ERDF funds for taking part to this project and will not implement its own pilot action according to Work Package 5; therefore it has not been asked to produce this specific paragraph which has properly meant to represent a bridge between Work Package 3 and 5.

136 The project is implemented through the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF.


Annexes Annex_I – Regional Survey of Vienna Annex_II – Regional Survey of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern Annex_III – Regional Survey of Olomouc region Annex_IV – Regional Survey of Moravskoslezsky kraj Annex_V – Regional Survey of Bygosko-Toruński Subregion Annex_VI – Regional Survey of Walbrzyski region Annex_VII – Regional Survey of Gorenjska Slovenija Annex_VIII – Regional Survey of Jugovzhodna Slovenija Annex_IX – Regional Survey of Province of Modena Annex_X – Regional Survey of Veneto Region Annex_XI – Regional Survey of Zakarpattya Region

137 The project is implemented through the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF.


Contact information Lead partner Stuart Simpson Vienna Board of Education - Presidential Department - European Office Auerspergstr. 15/32 A - 1080 Wien Tel.: (+43 1) 52525 77084 Fax: (+43 1) 4034427 eMail: stuart.simpson@etstruct.eu

Responsible for Communication, Knowledge Management and Dissemination Ministry of Education, Science and Culture Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Schwerin (DE) - ET-struct Partner 3

Impressum Concept, text and content: Riccardo Cariani, Modena Formazione (IT) - ET-struct Partner 13 Alessandro Zeppelli, CNA Modena (IT) - ET-struct Partner 14 and ET-struct regional project partners Design and layout:

Frank Ackermann


© 2010, ET-struct


The project is implemented through the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF.


ET-struct Trans-national Inventory - New Skills for New Jobs