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How can we create the optimized office that fosters well-being and productivity? Sometimes offices make people feel like this... Like a Number

Image Courtesy of Dilbert.com

Distracted

Image Courtesy of funnytimes.com

Image Courtesy of Dilbert.com

Bored Stressed Out

Uncomfortable

Image Courtesy of Dilbert.com

Due to problems like this... Traffic Going to Work

Spending more Time at Work Poor or Harsh Lighting Cookie-cutter Spaces

Temperature Issues

Office and Mechanical Noise

But they should make people feel more like this... Relaxed

Inspired

Photographs by Addie N. Spicer

Photographs by Addie N. Spicer

Rejuvenated

Photographs by Addie N. Spicer


But not every office can afford to have these...

Photographs Courtesy of businessinsider.com

Photographs Courtesy of businessinsider.com Photographs Courtesy of jeffwongdesign.com

Top-of-the-line Tech Offices Photographs Courtesy of jeffwongdesign.com

Photographs Courtesy of jeffwongdesign.com

But changing office design elements can help... Natural Lighting

Proper Lighting

Reinvigorated Spaces Proper Organization of Spaces

Comfort

Variety of Space Types Sound Buffering

And some elements can be incorporated...

Photographs Courtesy of businessinsider.com Photographs Courtesy of businessinsider.com

Photographs Courtesy of businessinsider.com

Photographs Courtesy of businessinsider.com

Photographs Courtesy of businessinsider.com

Photographs Courtesy of businessinsider.com

Photographs Courtesy of stonfield.com

Photographs Courtesy of businessinsider.com

Photographs Courtesy of businessinsider.com


Precedents UB Law Building • 190,000 square feet • 12 stories above ground • 1 storey below ground • 156.5 feet tall • Includes an atrium • Includes gardens • LEED Gold, going for LEED Platinum • To be completed in early 2013 • Designed by Behnisch Architekten of Stuttgart, Germany, in partnership with Baltimore’s Ayers/Saint/Gross, Inc. • School of Law (offices, classrooms, library), Legal Clinic Top Right: Rendering of building interior. Lower Right: Rendering of building exterior. Below: Site plan.

Photographs Courtesy of buildipedia.com

Image Courtesy of buildipedia.com

Image Courtesy of bthedailyrecord.com

Image Courtesy of asg-architects.com

Hercules Plaza • 520,000 square feet • 12 stories • 200 feet tall • Includes an atrium • Includes gardens • Includes a water feature • 45,000 square feet per office floor • Completed in 1983 • Architect Kohn Pedersen Fox Associates of New York City • Offices, Retail

Photograph Courtesy of dougrainey.com

Image Courtesy of The New Atrium

Image Courtesy of The New Atrium Image Courtesy of The New Atrium

Image Courtesy of dougrainey.com

Photograph Courtesy of John W. Cahill

Above: Exterior facades of the building.

Image Courtesy of The New Atrium

Left: Original interior of atrium. Above: Rendering of renovated atrium interior.


Portcullis House • 248,000 square feet • 7 stories • 91.07 feet tall • Includes an atrium • Includes gardens • Completed in 2001 • Michael Hopkins & Partners • Government Offices, Restaurant, Cafeteria, Coffee Shop, Post Office, and Metro Station • Won a Concrete Society Award

Photograph Courtesy of methodist.presandvp.blogspot.com

Images Courtesy of parliament.com

Below Left: Building exterior. Below Right: Center courtyard interior.

Photograph Courtesy of spaceandorganization.wordpress.com

Unileverhaus • 409,000 square feet • 7 stories above ground • 2 stories below ground • 103.71 feet tall • Includes an atrium • HafenCity EcoLabel Gold • Completed in 2009 • Behnisch Architekten of Stuttgart, Germany • Offices, Retail, Café, Spa • Won a World Architecture Festival Award, and several other awards

Image Courtesy of worldarchitecturefestival.com

Image Courtesy of Entwurfsskizze.eng

Above: Rendering of exterior of the building, and diagram of concept. Below: Photograph of building interior.

Image Courtesy of buildipedia.com

Image Courtesy of buildipedia.com

Photograph Courtesy of buildipedia.com


Site Analysis & Selection What is needed for this site? • highway access

• access to sunlight and views • access to other businesses usable by employees 3400 Washington Avenue Windsor Mill, MD 21227

Images Courtesy of Google

N

N

N

• Near 695 and 95 on the Southwest side (nearest to Washington, DC) • Appears to be a site previously used for something else • Site appears to be available

N

Route 40 Baltimore, MD

N

N

N

• Between the lanes of Route 40, which connects the East and West sides of the city • Site had been occupied by houses • Site is available

N

Near Goucher Boulevard Towson, MD • Near 695 on the North side • Appears to be a virgin site • Site appears to be available N

N

N

N

731 Eastern Avenue (Pier 6) Baltimore, MD 21202

N

N

N

• Near 83 which provides access to the North • Site was previously occupied by a tent structure • Site is available

N

1901 North Charles Street Baltimore, MD 21218

N

Site 1 Availability 2.0 Accessibility 1.25 Land Use 1.0 Sustainability 1.5 Total 5.75

Site 2 2.0 1.0 1.0 2.0 6.0

N

Site 3 2.0 0.25 1.0 0.5 3.75

Site 4 2.0 1.0 2.0 1.5 6.5

N

• Near 83 which provides access to the North • Site was previously occupied by a building • Site is available

N

Site 5 Explanation 2.0 Is the site unoccupied by any lessee? Is there a building on the site? 1.5 Can the site be easily reached by vehicle? ...by public transportation? 2.0 What is the zoning of the site? Is it conducive for building an office building? 2.0 Has the site been used before, or is it virgin land? 7.5 What is the sum of all of the points, out of a total of eight possible points.

Final Two Site Options 731 Eastern Avenue (Pier 6) Baltimore, MD 21202

1901 North Charles Street Baltimore, MD 21218

Public Spaces, Pedestrian Pathways, and Water

Public Spaces, Pedestrian Pathways, and Water

2 34

200 ft.. 100 m

200 ft.. 100 m

N

Site Structures Water

Pedestrian Paths Public Green Space

1

5

N

Site Structures Water

Pedestrian Paths Public Green Space


Building Heights / Hierarchy

200 ft. 100 m

Building Heights / Hierarchy

N

200 ft. 100 m

1-2 Storeys 3-6 Storeys 7-12 Storeys

1-2 Storeys 3-6 Storeys 7-12 Storeys

13-20 Storeys 21-30 Storeys 31+ Storeys

Zoning

N

13-20 Storeys 21-30 Storeys 31+ Storeys

Zoning

B-3-2

B-5-2

B-3-2

B-2-4

O-R-3

B-4-1 B-2-4

B-4-1 M-1-3 B-5-2

200 ft.. 100 m

O-R-3 200 ft.. 100 m

N

N

Current zoning district: B-5-2 Maximum FAR: 14.0 Off-Street Parking Required for Offices: 1 per 2,000 square feet of floor area in excess of 50,000 square feet

Circulation: Public, Vehicular, Pedestrian

Circulation: Public, Vehicular, Pedestrian Metro 0.4 mi Light Rail 1.0 mi I-83 0.5 mi

w Light Rail 0.25 mi I-83 0.5 mi

Scale: 1/128” = 1’ N Site Property Lines Sidewalks

Scale: 1/128” = 1’ N Site Property Lines Sidewalks

Street Directions Bus Stops W Water Taxi Stop Pedestrian Traffic

Street Directions Bus Stops Light Rail Indicator Pedestrian Traffic

Final Site Selected: 1901 North Charles Street • Exemplifies a typical city site for office buildings • Allows for the design of a building not overshadowed by its environment • Manageable site size • Strong street presence and clearly defined urban fabric surrounding the site (neighboring facades photos right and below)

Image Courtesy of Google

1

Image Courtesy of Google

2

Image Courtesy of directorymidtownbaltimore.org

3

Image Courtesy of Google

5

Image Courtesy of Google

4


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Scale: 1/64” = 1’ Site

N

Property Lines Sidewalks

Area Relativity

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Image Courtesy of addhara.com

ARCH 771: Terminal Research Seminar Prepared By: Addie N. Spicer Teacher: Dr. Mohammed Gharipour Mentor: Nancy Fox Semester: Fall 2012

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Program Relativity Chart

Final Presentation for Masters of Architecture Thesis Research Project  

This presentation represents the research Addie N. Spicer did in the Fall semester of 2012, which does not include the Thesis Design Project...

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