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presencia de la enfermedad en forma subclínica, ya que permite el mantenimiento de una estabilidad endémica. Es importante tomar en consideración el diagnóstico eficaz para la diferenciación entre las infecciones por T. equi o B. caballi, por medio de pruebas diagnósticas adecuadas, a efecto de establecer un tratamiento médico específico. REFERENCIAS BIBLIOGRÁFICAS:

1.Alva T. M. 2015. Seroprevalencia y factores de riesgo asociados a piroplasmosis en équidos de tres regiones en el estado de Veracruz, México. Tesis de Maestría. Universidad Veracruzana. Veracruz, Ver., México. 80 p. 2.Allsopp M. T., Lewis B. D., Penzhorn B. L. 2007. Molecular evidence for transplacental transmission of Theileria equi from carrier mares to their apparently healthy foals. Veterinary Parasitology, 148:130–136. 3.Bhoora R., Franssen L., Oosthuizen M. C., Guthrie A. J., Zweygarth E., Penzhorn L.B., Jongejan F., Collins E. N. 2010. Sequence heterogeneity in the 18S rRNA gene within Theileria equi and Babesia caballi from horses in South Africa. 2010. Sequence heterogeneity in the 18S rRNA gene within Theileria equi and Babesia caballi from horses in South Africa. Veterinary Parasitology, 159:112– 120. 4.Bruning A. 1996. Equine piroplasmosis undate on diagnosis treatment and prevention. The British Veterinary Journal, 152(2):139-51. 5.Cantú-Martínez, M. A., Segura-Correa, J.C., Silva-Páez, M.L., Avalos-Ramírez, R., y Gale, G. 2012. Prevalence of Antibodies to Theileria equi and Babesia caballi in Horses from Northeastern Mexico. Journal of Parasitology, 98 (4):869-870. 6.Chhabra S., Ranjan R., Uppal S. K., Singla L. D. 2012. Transplacental transmission of Babesia equi (Theileria equi) from carrier mares to foals. Indian Society for Parasitology, 36 (1):31–33. 7.Cordero del C. M., Rojo F. A. 1999. “Parasitología Veterinaria”. Editorial: Mc Graw-Hill. Interamericana, Argentina. Pp. 587-592. 8.De Waal D.T. 1992. Equine piroplasmosis: a review. The British veterinary journal, 148(1):6-14. 9.Friedhoff K.T., Tenter A.M., Muller I. 1990. Haemoparasities of equines: Impact on international trade of horses. Reveu Scientifique et Technique, 9: 1187-1194. 10.Getachew M., Alemayehu F., Chala C., Amare B., Kassa D., Burden R., Wernery R., Wernery U. 2014. Acrosssectional sero-survey of some infectious diseases of

working equids in Central Ethiopia. Journal of Veterinary Medicine an Animal Health, 6(9):231-238. 11. Gizachew A., Schuster R. K., Sunitha J., Wernery R., Georgy N. A., Shyna E. K., Asfaw Y., Regassa F., Wernery U. 2013. Piroplasmosis in Donkeys a Hematological and Serological Study in Central Ethiopia. Journal of Equine Veterinary Science, 33:18-21. 12.Gordon W. M., Lyon R., Montogomery S. 2013. “Horse-The complete Guide”. Publisher: LIBSA, Madrid, España. Pp. 21-25. 13.Hailat N. Q., Lafi S. Q., al Darraji A. M., al-Ani F. K. 1997. Equine babesiosis associated with strenuous exercise: clinical and pathological studies in Jordan. Veterinary parasitology, 69(1-2):1-8. 14.Holbrook A. A. Biology of equine piroplasmosis. 1969. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, 155(2) 453-4. 15.Knowles Jr D.P., Kappmeyer L.S., Stiller D., Hennager S.G., Perryman L.E. 1992. Antibody to a recombinant merozoite protein epitope identifies horses infected with Babesia equi. Journal of Clinical Microbiology, 30(12):3122-3126. 16.Kumar S., Kumar R., Chihiro S. 2009. A perspective on Theileria equi infections in donkeys. Japanese Journal of Veterinary Research, 56(4): 171-180. 17.Kumar S., Kumar R., Gupta A. K., Yadav S. C. Goyal S. K., Khurana S. K., Singh R. K. 2013. Development of EMA-2 recombinant antigen based enzyme-linked inmunosorbent assay for seroprevalence studies of Theileria equi infection in Indian equine population. Veterinary Parasitology, 198(1-2):7-10. 18.Mehlhorn H., Schein E. 1998. Redescription of Babesia equi Laveran, 1901 as Theileria equi. Parasitology Research, 84:467-475. 19.Moltmann U.G., Mehlhorn H., Rehbein G., Voight W.P., Zweygarth E. 1983. Fine structure of Babesia equi Laveran, 1901 within lymphocytes and erythrocytes of horses: an in vivo and in vitro study. The Journal of Parasitology, 69(1):111-20. 20.Moretti A., Mangili V., Salvatori R., Maresca C., Scossia E., Torina A., Moretta O., Gabrielli S., Tampieri M., Pietrobelli M. 2010. Prevalence and diagnosis of Babesia and Theileria infections in horses in Italy: A preliminary study. Veterinary Journal, 184:346-350. 21.OIE. World Organization for Animal Health. 2008. Equine piroplasmosis. Manual of Diagnostic test and Vaccines for Terrestrial Animals. [En línea] http:// www.oie.int/fileadmin/Home/eng/Health_standards/ tahm/2.05.08_EQUINE_PIROPLASMOSIS.pdf

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Actualidades en Medicina Veterinaria y Zootecnia México #18  
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