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‫ﺧﻼق‬ َ َ ‫ُﺣﺴﻦِ ا‬

ISLAMIC

MANNERS Husn-e-Akhlaq

Compiled by

َ َ ّٰ ُ

ۡ

ۡ Sayyiduna Imam Abu Qasim ‫َرحـ َمة ا ِ عليه‬

Sulayman Bin Ahmad Tabarani (Passed away in 360 AH)

Translated into English by Majlis-e-Tarajim (Dawat-e-Islami)


Islamic Manners An English translation of ‘Husn-e-Akhlaq’

• ALL RIGHTS RESERVED Copyright © 2014 Maktaba-tul-Madinah

No part of this publication may be reproduced, or transmitted, in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise, without the prior written permission of Maktaba-tul-Madinah.

Edition:

First

Date of publication:

Rajab-ul-Murajjab, 1435 AH – (May, 2014)

Presented by:

Majlis Al-Madina-tul-‘Ilmiyyah (Dawat-e-Islami)

Publisher:

Maktaba-tul-Madinah

Quantity:

-

ISBN:

-

Sponsorship Feel free to contact us if you wish to sponsor the printing of a religious book or booklet for the Isal-e-Sawab of your deceased family members. Maktaba-tul-Madinah Aalami Madani Markaz, Faizan-e-Madinah Mahallah Saudagran, Purani Sabzi Mandi, Bab-ul-Madinah, Karachi, Pakistan  Email: maktabaglobal@dawateislami.net - maktaba@dawateislami.net  Phone: +92-21-34921389-93 – 34126999  Web: www.dawateislami.net


iii

TABLE OF

CONTENTS 14 Intentions for Reading this Book ........................................................... v Two Madanī pearls .................................................................................. v Intentions.................................................................................................. v Al-Madina-tul-‘Ilmiyyah............................................................................vii Preface ........................................................................................................... ix Author’s Introduction ................................................................................xii Name and Kunyaĥ .................................................................................xii Birth .........................................................................................................xii Student life ..............................................................................................xii Honourable teachers ........................................................................... xiii Brilliant students .................................................................................. xiii Publication and compilation ............................................................... xiv Commendation ..................................................................................... xiv Demise..................................................................................................... xv

ISLAMIC MANNERS ..................................... 1 Blessings of reciting the Holy Quran, remembrance of Allah , Qufl-e-Madīnaĥ of tongue, love for the poor and keeping their company ......................................................................................................... 1 Excellence of good manners ........................................................................ 2 The excellence of politeness, meekness and courtesy .............................. 5 Excellence of meeting people amiably........................................................ 6 The excellence of smiling at a Muslim brother ......................................... 6 The excellence of being lenient and tolerant ............................................. 7 The excellence of patience and generosity................................................. 9 The excellence of controlling oneself in anger ........................................ 11 The excellence of compassion and kind-heartedness ............................ 12 The excellence of controlling one’s anger ................................................ 14


Islamic Manners

iv

The excellence of forgiving others ............................................................ 15 The excellence of being a well-wisher to the Muslims ........................... 18 Excellence of purity of heart and refraining from malice against Muslims ........................................................................................................ 20 The excellence of mediation ...................................................................... 22 Excellence of fulfilling rights ..................................................................... 22 The excellence of helping the oppressed.................................................. 22 Preventing an oppressor from oppression .............................................. 23 Prevent your naïve ...................................................................................... 24 The excellence of helping Muslims to cater for their needs .................. 24 The excellence of removing someone’s worry ........................................ 27 The excellence of supporting the weak .................................................... 29 The excellence of providing for the orphans ........................................... 30 The excellence of upbringing & spending on orphan children till they are grownup ................................................................................................. 33 The excellence of good manners ............................................................... 33 Excellence of doing good deeds ................................................................ 36 Condemnation of oppressing a Muslim .................................................. 37 Excellence of making permissible recommendation for a Muslim brother .......................................................................................................... 39 The excellence of helping a Muslim and protecting his honour .......... 40 The excellence of showing affection for people ...................................... 42 The excellence of helping Mujāĥidīn ....................................................... 42 The excellence of helping a Hajj pilgrim and serve him at Iftar ........... 43 The excellence of showing affection for children, respecting elders, and scholars ................................................................................................. 44 The excellence of making space for scholars in a gathering .................. 45 The excellence of offering a pillow to a Muslim brother ....................... 45 The excellence of giving food .................................................................... 46 The excellence of clothing a Muslim brother .......................................... 57 The rights of neighbour.............................................................................. 58


v

ŰĄ ŰĄ Ů°    Ů°  ŰĄ Ů° ŰĄ   Ů°  ŰĄ ŰĄ   " ŰĄ    ! "                Ů° Ů° Ů° ŰĄ   ŰĄ   ŰĄ  ŰĄ % ./+,ŰĄ -   () .+ ,ŰĄ 1   ( Ů° 1ŰĄ     0      !* ($   #% &#' % #$

14 INTENTIONS FOR READING THIS BOOK ŰĄ ŰĄ Ů? ŮŽ Ů‘ ŮŒŰĄ ŮŽ ‍نŮ? ŮŽŮ‘ŮŠŘŠ ال Ů?مؤم Ů?Ů?ن ؎‏ The Noble Prophet     Ů–                has said: ‍ي Ů… ŰĄŮ?ن Řš ŮŽŮ…Ů„ Ů–Ů?ه‏

i.e. a Muslim’s intention values more than his deed.

(Al-Mu’jam-ul-Kabčr, vol. 6, pp. 185, Ḥadčť 5942)

Two MadanÄŤ pearls

C Without a good intention, no reward is granted for a righteous deed.

C The more righteous intentions, the greater reward. Intentions 1-4 Every time I read this book, I will start by reciting Ḥamd1, ᚢalÄ t2, Ta’awwĹŤĹź3 and TasmiyaÄĽ4. (By reading the Arabic lines given at the top of this page, these four intentions will then be acted upon.) 5.

I will look at the Quranic verses,

6.

and the blessed Aá¸ĽÄ dÄŤĹĄ.

7.

I will read this book from beginning to end for the pleasure of Allah      .

8.

To the best of my ability, I will read it whilst in the state of Wu�ō and facing the Qiblaļ.


Islamic Manners

vi

9.

(Whilst reading the book) Whenever I read the name of َّ َ Allah, I will say ‘‫’ع َّز َو َجل‬,

10.

and whenever I read the blessed name of the Beloved and ٰ َ َ ٰ َ ُ ّٰ َّ َ َّ ‫’صل‬. Blessed Prophet I will read ‘‫ عل ۡيهِ َوا ِلٖ َو َسلم‬$‫ا ت َعا‬

11.

(On my personal copy of this book) I will underline the essential and important points if it is necessary.

12.

I will persuade others to read this book.

13.

14.

ُّ َ َ ۡ َ َ َ With the intention of acting upon the Ḥadīš ‫‘ تهادوا تاب ۡوا‬Give gifts to each other, it will enhance affection amongst you,’ (Muwaṭṭā Imām Mālik, vol. 2, pp. 407, Ḥadīš 1731) I shall buy this book (one, or as many as I can afford) and will gift it to others.

If I find any Shar’ī mistake in the composing etc., I will inform the publisher in writing. (Verbal information to the writer or publisher about mistakes is usually ineffective.)


vii

ŰĄ ŰĄ Ů°    Ů°  ŰĄ Ů° ŰĄ   Ů°  ŰĄ ŰĄ   " ŰĄ    ! "                Ů° Ů° Ů° ŰĄ   ŰĄ   ŰĄ  ŰĄ % ./+,ŰĄ -   () .+ ,ŰĄ 1   ( Ů° 1ŰĄ     0      !* ($   #% &#' % #$

AL-MADINA-TUL-‘ILMIYYAH From: Shaykh-e-ᚏarÄŤqat, AmÄŤr-e-AÄĽl-e-Sunnat, the founder of Dawat-e-Islami, ‘AllÄ maÄĽ MaulÄ nÄ Abu Bilal Muhammad Ilyas ‘Attar Qadiri Razavi Ziyai           ! "  #   $.

ŰĄ ŮŽ

ŰĄ

Ů°

Ů‘Ů°

ŰĄ ŮŽ

ŮŽ ‍ا‏ ٖ‍ ا Ů?Ř­ َسان Ů?هٖ ŮŽŮˆ بŮ?Ů Řś Ů?Ů„ ŮŽŘą Ů?Řł ŰĄŮˆ Ů?ل‏3 Ů? Ů? ‍ل ŰĄŮ… Ů?د‏ awat-e-Islami, the global and non-political movement for the propagation of Quran and SunnaÄĽ is committed to revive the SunnaÄĽ, to propagate the call to righteousness, and to publish the religious knowledge of Sharč’aÄĽ in the entire world; and in order to execute all of these functions in an organised manner, various departments have been established and one among these diverse departments is ‘Al-MadÄŤna-tul-‘Ilmiyyaļ’, which is based on religious scholars and honourable MuftÄŤs and is endeavouring to provide educational, research based authentic publications. This department has the following six sub-units:

D

1.

Department for A’lÄ á¸¤aá¸?rat’s books

2.

Department for curriculum books

3.

Department for reform books

4.

Department for translation

5.

Department for scrutiny of books

6.

Department for referencing of books


viii

Islamic Manners

The first priority of Al-MadÄŤna-tul-‘IlmiyyaÄĽ is to deliver the phenomenal and exceptional books of the erudite scholar, ImÄ m AḼmad RazÄ KhÄ n %&    ' & (      as per the need of the current era in simple language and style. All Islamic brothers and sisters are requested to provide their full possible support in this educational, research based and publication-related MadanÄŤ work and they are further requested to read the books published by this department and to motivate others to do the same. May Allah      grant Dawat-e-Islami and all its departments, including Al-MadÄŤna-tul-‘IlmiyyaÄĽ success, growth, peace, prosperity and popularity and may Allah      bless our virtuous efforts with the jewels of sincerity and make it a means of betterment in both worlds. May Allah      grant us martyrdom under the blissful shade of Gumbad-e-KhazrÄ (the Green Dome), grant us burial in Jannat-ul-Baqč’ and bless us with a place in Jannat-ul-Firdaus. Ů‘ŮŽ Ů° ŮŽ ŮŽ Ů° ŮŽ Ů? Ů‘Ů° Ů‘ŮŽ ŮŽ ‍ ؚل ۥيهŮ? ŮŽŮˆŘ§ Ů?Ů„Ů– ŮŽŮˆ َسلم‏$‍ا ŘŞ َؚا‏ ‍ؾل‏

Ramadan-ul-MubÄ rak, 1425 AH

ŰĄ ŮŽ ŰĄ Ů‘ Ů‘ŮŽ ŮŽ ŰĄ Ů° ‍مŮ?ي‏9‍ب ا‏ Ů? Ů? ‍امŮ?ŮŠ Ů?باه Ů? ال‏


ix

ŰĄ ŰĄ Ů°    Ů°  ŰĄ Ů° ŰĄ   Ů°  ŰĄ ŰĄ   " ŰĄ    ! "                Ů° Ů° Ů° ŰĄ   ŰĄ   ŰĄ  ŰĄ % ./+,ŰĄ -   () .+ ,ŰĄ 1   ( Ů° 1ŰĄ     0      !* ($   #% &#' % #$

PREFACE  A person once asked the Beloved and Blessed Prophet    ٖ            

 ٖ  about good manners while the Noble Prophet                recited the following verse:

ŰĄ ŰĄ ŰĄ ŰĄ ŰĄ ŰĄ  ŰĄ ŰĄ =;<<:   7 8Ů° 9 (  6    5  ŰĄ  #% ŰĄ $   4 2 3 O dear Prophet, adopt forgiveness, and enjoin virtue, and turn away from the ignorant. [Kanz-ul-ÄŞmÄ n (Translation of Quran)] (Part 9, SĹŤraÄĽ Al-Aâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;rÄ f, verse 199)  The Holy Prophet  â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013; â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020; â&#x20AC;&#x2020; â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    then said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Good manners means, that you should gracefully treat the one who breaks off a relation with you, you be generous to the one who deprives you, and you forgive the one who oppresses you.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;1

SayyidunÄ â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;AbdullÄ ÄĽ Bin MubÄ rak â&#x20AC;&#x2020; 

â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;      has said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Meeting people with a smiling face, treating them kindly and avoiding causing harm to anyone are the traits of a well-mannered person.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;2 Dear respected Islamic brothers! One of the aims of our Beloved Prophet  â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013; â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020; â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  coming in the world is to rectify the character and matters of people by eradicating bad habits and inculcating in them the best manners. Hence, the Prophet of RaḼmaÄĽ, the Intercessor 1

IḼyÄ -ul-â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;UlĹŤm-id-DÄŤn, vol. 3, pp. 61

2

Sunan-ut-Tirmişč, vol. 3, pp. 404, Ḥadčť 2012


x

Islamic Manners

of UmmaÄĽ    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  , through his words and deeds, set a code of conduct and practically implemented it in every walk of life. He     â&#x20AC;&#x2020;Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   also urged us to stick to it in all circumstances. The wealth of good manners which is a special blessing of Allah      is granted to the fortunate people only. Good manners beautify the character of a person while bad manners make it ugly and disgusting. Someone has rightly said: Ĥay falÄ á¸Ľ-o-kamrÄ nÄŤ narmÄŤ-o-Ä sÄ nÄŤ mayn Ĥer banÄ kÄ m bigaĹ&#x2122; jÄ tÄ ÄĽay nÄ dÄ nÄŤ mayn

This book, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Islamic Mannersâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; is the translation of â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;MakÄ rim-ulAkhlÄ q,â&#x20AC;&#x2122; the masterpiece authored by the great MuḼaddiĹĄ of the Islamic world SayyidunÄ ImÄ m AbĹŤ QÄ sim SulaymÄ n Bin AḼmad ᚏabarÄ nÄŤ  . ŰĄ â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020; ' - , (â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ŰĄ    . The Arabic book was first translated into Urdu by Majlis Al-MadÄŤna-tul-â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;IlmiyyaÄĽ, and the translated Urdu version (Ḥusn-e-AkhlÄ q) is finally rendered into English now. In this book, SayyidunÄ ImÄ m ᚏabarÄ nÄŤ  . ŰĄ â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020; ' - , (â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ŰĄ    has accumulated a number of Aá¸ĽÄ dÄŤĹĄ, highlighting different aspects of manners. It is hoped that this excellent booklet would prove to be a very good gift for those Islamic brothers being busy in â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;individual effortsâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;,       /012 â&#x20AC;&#x2020;3 . In order to adopt good manners, to receive steadfastness in obedience  to Allah      and His Beloved RasĹŤl   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   and to develop the fervour of striving to reform myself and the people of the whole world, buy this booklet from Maktaba-tul-MadÄŤnaÄĽ, read it and gift it to others, as many as you can afford. Whatever merits this translation has is certainly by the grace of Almighty Allah      , by the favour   of His Noble Prophet    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( ,   and AwliyÄ KirÄ m 64 5 â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   & and by the sincere Duâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;Ä of our great Shaykh, the founder of Dawat-e-


xi

Preface

Islami, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;AllÄ maÄĽ MaulÄ nÄ Abu Bilal Muhammad Ilyas â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Attar Qadiri Razavi     â&#x20AC;&#x2020;     !â&#x20AC;&#x2020;"  #  $. If there is any shortcoming in this work, it may be a human error on our part. In this translation, special care has been taken to ensure the following points:

C An easy and idiomatic translation has been made for the convenience of less educated Islamic brothers.

C The translation of Quranic verses has been taken from Kanz-ulÄŞmÄ n, the translation of the Holy Quran by Aâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;lÄ á¸¤aá¸?rat, ImÄ m AḼmad RazÄ KhÄ n %&  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;' & (â&#x20AC;&#x2020;     .

C References of Quranic verses, Aá¸ĽÄ dÄŤĹĄ and sayings of saints have also been mentioned.

C At some places useful and necessary explanatory notes have also been included.

C [In the Urdu translation] Diacritical marks have been placed on difficult words to facilitate pronunciations.

C The meanings of difficult words have been given in parenthesis. C Punctuation marks have been placed carefully. We pray to Allah      to enable us to act upon the MadanÄŤ Inâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;Ä mÄ t and to travel with the MadanÄŤ QÄ filaÄĽs so that we could realistically make efforts to reform ourselves and people of the entire world. May all the MajÄ lis of Dawat-e-Islami, including the Majlis AlMadÄŤna-tul-â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;IlmiyyaÄĽ flourish by leaps and bounds! Ů&#x2018;Ů&#x17D; Ů° Ů&#x17D; Ů&#x17D; Ů° Ů&#x17D; Ů? Ů&#x2018;Ů° Ů&#x2018;Ů&#x17D; Ů&#x17D; â&#x20AC;Ť ŘšŮ&#x201E; ŰĄŮ&#x160;Ů&#x2021;Ů? Ů&#x17D;Ů&#x2C6;ا Ů?Ů&#x201E;Ů&#x2013; Ů&#x17D;Ů&#x2C6; Ů&#x17D;ŘłŮ&#x201E;Ů&#x2026;â&#x20AC;Ź$â&#x20AC;ŤŘ§ ŘŞ Ů&#x17D;ؚاâ&#x20AC;Ź â&#x20AC;ŤŘľŮ&#x201E;â&#x20AC;Ź

Department for Translation (Majlis Al-MadÄŤna-tul-â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;IlmiyyaÄĽ)

ŰĄ Ů&#x17D; ŰĄ Ů&#x2018; Ů&#x2018;Ů&#x17D; Ů&#x17D; ŰĄ Ů° â&#x20AC;ŤŮ&#x2026;Ů?Ů&#x160;â&#x20AC;Ź9â&#x20AC;ŤŘ¨ اâ&#x20AC;Ź Ů? Ů? â&#x20AC;ŤŘ§ Ů?Ů&#x2026;Ů&#x160; Ů?باŮ&#x2021; Ů? اŮ&#x201E;â&#x20AC;Ź


xii

ŰĄ ŰĄ Ů°    Ů°  ŰĄ Ů° ŰĄ   Ů°  ŰĄ ŰĄ   " ŰĄ    ! "                Ů° Ů° Ů° ŰĄ   ŰĄ   ŰĄ  ŰĄ % ./+,ŰĄ -   () .+ ,ŰĄ 1   ( Ů° 1ŰĄ     0      !* ($   #% &#' % #$

AUTHORâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;S INTRODUCTION Name and KunyaÄĽ The name of the author is SulaymÄ n Bin AḼmad Bin AyyĹŤb Muáš­ÄŤr LakhmÄŤ ᚏabarÄ nÄŤ. His KunyaÄĽ is â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;AbĹŤ QÄ simâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; but he  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;     â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;' &   ( is known as â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;ImÄ m ᚏabarÄ nÄŤâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;.

Birth He  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;     â&#x20AC;&#x2020; â&#x20AC;&#x2020;' &   ( was born in ᚢafar-ul-Muáş&#x201C;affar 260 ĤijrÄŤ at Tibriyah.

Student life He  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;     â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020; ' &   ( started acquiring knowledge in his childhood. When he  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;     â&#x20AC;&#x2020; â&#x20AC;&#x2020;' & ( was 13 years old, he learnt Aá¸ĽÄ dÄŤĹĄ at Tibriyah from SayyidunÄ AḼmad Ibn Masâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ĹŤd MuqaddasÄŤ 7. 8 ŰĄ â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020; ' - , (â&#x20AC;&#x2020;     . He  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020; ' &    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020; ' &   ( then moved to Syria where he  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   ( learnt Aá¸ĽÄ dÄŤĹĄ      from expert MuḼaddiĹĄÄŤn. He  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;     â&#x20AC;&#x2020; â&#x20AC;&#x2020;' &   ( then headed towards Egypt  in 280 ĤijrÄŤ. In 282 ĤijrÄŤ he  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;     â&#x20AC;&#x2020; â&#x20AC;&#x2020;' &   ( was in Yemen. In 283 ĤijrÄŤ,    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  

â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; ' & ( he          travelled to MadÄŤnaÄĽ. Then travelling through MakkaÄĽ MukarramaÄĽ, he  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;     â&#x20AC;&#x2020; â&#x20AC;&#x2020;' &   ( again came to Yemen. In 285 ĤijrÄŤ, he  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020; ' &    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020; ' & (   ( came back to Egypt and in 287 ĤijrÄŤ he  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;     travelled to Iraq. During these journeys, he  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;     â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020; ' &   ( had the honour of listening to Aá¸ĽÄ dÄŤĹĄ from leading scholars of ḤadÄŤĹĄ. He


xiii

Islamic Manners  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;     â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020; ' &   (

then migrated to Persia (Iran) where he stayed till his demise.

 â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020; ' &   (  

Honourable teachers In TaĹźkira-tul-ḤuffÄ áş&#x201C;, SayyidunÄ ImÄ m ĹťaÄĽabÄŤ 7. 8 ŰĄ â&#x20AC;&#x2020; â&#x20AC;&#x2020;' - , (â&#x20AC;&#x2020;     has said that the number of teachers of SayyidunÄ SulaymÄ n Bin AḼmad ᚏabarÄ nÄŤ  . ŰĄ â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020; ' - , (â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ŰĄ    is more than one thousand. SayyidunÄ ImÄ m AbĹŤ Naâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ÄŤm AᚣfaÄĽÄ nÄŤ = ( .ŰĄ > â&#x20AC;&#x2020; â&#x20AC;Ť â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   Ű â&#x20AC;Ź: ;  9 , a brilliant student of SayyidunÄ ImÄ m ᚏabarÄ nÄŤ  . ŰĄ â&#x20AC;&#x2020; â&#x20AC;&#x2020;' - , (â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ŰĄ    , has stated in book, Ḥilya-tul-AwliyÄ , â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;ImÄ m ᚏabarÄ nÄŤ  . ŰĄ â&#x20AC;&#x2020; â&#x20AC;&#x2020;' - , (â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ŰĄ    has narrated Aá¸ĽÄ dÄŤĹĄ from numerous, eminent scholars, some of whose names are given below: 1.

SayyidunÄ â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;AlÄŤ Bin â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Abdul â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;AzÄŤz BaghwÄŤ

2.

SayyidunÄ AbĹŤ Muslim KashÄŤ

3.

SayyidunÄ Muhammad Bin â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;AbdullÄ ÄĽ Ḥaá¸?ramÄŤ

4.

SayyidunÄ â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;AbdullaÄĽ Bin AḼmad Bin Ḥanbal

5.

SayyidunÄ Isá¸ĽÄ q Bin IbrÄ ÄĽÄŤm DabrÄŤ

6.

SayyidunÄ YĹŤsuf Bin Yaâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;qĹŤb QÄ á¸?ÄŤ (7. SayyidunÄ Muhammad  Bin â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;UĹĄmÄ n Bin AbÄŤ ShaybaÄĽ (?ŰĄ @    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ŰĄ â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( )   ŰĄ ŰĄ â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  &

Brilliant students Numerous students quenched their thirst of knowledge from this learned scholar. A few names of them are as under: 1.

SayyidunÄ á¸¤Ä fiáş&#x201C; AḼmad Bin MĹŤsÄ Bin MardĹŤyaÄĽ

2.

SayyidunÄ á¸¤Ä fiáş&#x201C; Muhammad Bin AḼmad Bin AḼmad JÄ rĹŤdÄŤ

3.

SayyidunÄ á¸¤Ä fiáş&#x201C; Muhammad Bin Isá¸ĽÄ q Bin Muhammad Bin YaḼyÄ AᚣbaÄĽÄ nÄŤ and


Authorâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Introduction

4.

xiv

SayyidunÄ á¸¤Ä fiáş&#x201C; Muhammad Bin AbĹŤ â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;AlÄŤ AḼmad Bin  â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Abdur RaḼmÄ n ĤamĹźÄ nÄŤ ĹťakwÄ nÄŤ (?ŰĄ @ ŰĄ â&#x20AC;&#x2020; ŰĄ ŰĄ â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   &  ( ). Moreover, even some of your eminent teachers have narrated Aá¸ĽÄ dÄŤĹĄ from you.

Publication and compilation SayyidunÄ ImÄ m ᚏabarÄ nÄŤ  . ŰĄ â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020; ' - , (â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ŰĄ    has written a number of books. Some of them are as under: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7.

Ů&#x17D; ŰĄ Ů&#x17D; ŰĄ Ů?ŰĄŮ&#x17D; â&#x20AC;ŤŘŹ Ů?Ů&#x2026; اŮ&#x201E;Ů&#x192;ب Ů? ŰĄŮ&#x160;â&#x20AC;Ź â&#x20AC;Ť( اŮ&#x201E;Ů&#x2026;Řšâ&#x20AC;ŹAl-Muâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;jam-ul-KabÄŤr) Ů&#x17D; ŰĄ Ů&#x17D; ŰĄ Ů?ŰĄŮ&#x17D; â&#x20AC;Ť ŰĄŮ&#x2C6; Ů&#x17D;سءâ&#x20AC;Ź9â&#x20AC;ŤŘŹ Ů?Ů&#x2026; اâ&#x20AC;Ź â&#x20AC;Ť( اŮ&#x201E;Ů&#x2026;Řšâ&#x20AC;ŹAl-Muâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;jam-ul-Awsaáš­) ŰĄ Ů&#x17D; ŰĄ Ů?ŰĄŮ&#x17D; â&#x20AC;ŤŘŹ Ů?Ů&#x2026; اŮ&#x201E; Ů&#x17D;Ů&#x2018;ؾغ ŰĄŮ?Ů&#x160;â&#x20AC;Ź â&#x20AC;Ť( اŮ&#x201E;Ů&#x2026;Řšâ&#x20AC;ŹAl-Muâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;jam-uᚣ-ᚢaghÄŤr) Ů&#x17D; ŰĄ Ů&#x17D;ŰĄ Ů&#x17D; â&#x20AC;ŤŮ&#x201A;â&#x20AC;ŹFâ&#x20AC;ŤŘŽâ&#x20AC;Ź9â&#x20AC;Ť[ Ů&#x17D;Ů&#x2026;Ů&#x192;ŘąŮ? Ů?Ů&#x2026; اâ&#x20AC;ŹMakÄ rim-ul-AkhlÄ q (this book)] Ů&#x17D;ŰĄ Ů? Ů&#x17D; â&#x20AC;Ť Ů&#x17D;Ů&#x2C6;ا،Ů?Ů&#x201E;â&#x20AC;Ź9â&#x20AC;ŤŘ§Ř¨ اâ&#x20AC;Ź â&#x20AC;Ť( Ů&#x192;Ů?ŘŞâ&#x20AC;ŹKitÄ b-ul-AwÄ il) Ů&#x17D;ŰĄ Ů? Ů&#x17D; Ů&#x2018; Ů? ŰĄ â&#x20AC;Ť Ů&#x17D;حادŮ?Ů&#x160;â&#x20AC;Ź9â&#x20AC;ŤŘ§â&#x20AC;Ź â&#x20AC;ŤŘ§Ů&#x201E;ء Ů&#x17D;Ů&#x2C6;اŮ&#x201E;â&#x20AC;Ź â&#x20AC;Ť( Ů&#x192;Ů?تابâ&#x20AC;ŹKitÄ b-ul-Aá¸ĽÄ dÄŤĹĄ-iáš­-ᚏiwÄ l) Ů? â&#x20AC;ŤŘŤâ&#x20AC;Ź Ů&#x2018;Ů? ŰĄ â&#x20AC;ŤŘ§Ř¨â&#x20AC;Ź Ů? â&#x20AC;ŤŮ&#x192; Ů&#x17D;Ů?ŘŞâ&#x20AC;Ź â&#x20AC;ŤŘ§Ů&#x201E; Ů&#x17D;ؚإâ&#x20AC;Ź (KitÄ b-ud-Duâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;Ä )

Commendation SayyidunÄ ImÄ m Samâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;Ä nÄŤ = ( .ŰĄ > â&#x20AC;&#x2020; â&#x20AC;Ť â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   Ű â&#x20AC;Ź: ;  9 has stated in Al-AnsÄ b, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;SayyidunÄ ImÄ m ᚏabarÄ nÄŤ  . ŰĄ â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020; ' - , (â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ŰĄ    was á¸¤Ä fiáş&#x201C;-ul-ḤadÄŤĹĄ of his time. He  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;     â&#x20AC;&#x2020; â&#x20AC;&#x2020;' &   ( travelled several countries with the purpose of acquiring knowledge of ḤadÄŤĹĄ. He  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;     â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020; ' &   ( met numerous scholars and had extensive discussions with the ḤuffÄ áş&#x201C; of Aá¸ĽÄ dÄŤĹĄ [i.e. those who have memorized Aá¸ĽÄ dÄŤĹĄ]. In the last years of his age he  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;     â&#x20AC;&#x2020; â&#x20AC;&#x2020;' & ( permanently settled in IᚣbaÄĽÄ n and authored a large number of books.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;


xv

Islamic Manners

SayyidunÄ ImÄ m Ibn â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;AsÄ kir  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;     â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020; ' &   ( has stated in TarÄŤkh    Dimashq: â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;SayyidunÄ ImÄ m ᚏabarÄ nÄŤ . ŰĄ â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020; ' - , ( â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ŰĄ    is one of those who committed numerous Aá¸ĽÄ dÄŤĹĄ to memory and travelled from place to place for the purpose of acquiring Aá¸ĽÄ dÄŤĹĄ.â&#x20AC;&#x2122; SayyidunÄ ImÄ m Ibn â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;AmmÄ d $. A  ŰĄ â&#x20AC;&#x2020; â&#x20AC;&#x2020;' - , (â&#x20AC;&#x2020;     has stated in ShaĹźrÄ t-uşŝaÄĽab, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;SayyidunÄ ImÄ m ᚏabarÄ nÄŤ  . ŰĄ â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020; ' - , (â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ŰĄ    was a reliable and true MuḼaddiĹĄ. He  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;     â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020; ' & ( possessed strong memory with expertise and deep knowledge of the authenticity and narrators of Aá¸ĽÄ dÄŤĹĄ on different topics.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;

Demise This eminent scholar great at showering the rain of knowledge and quenching the thirst of knowledge seekers departed from this mortal world to the immortal one in the month of Ĺťul-Qaâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;daÄĽ 360 ĤijrÄŤ. Ů° ŰĄ Ů&#x17D; Ů&#x201C; Ů&#x2018;Ů&#x17D; Ů&#x17D; Ů&#x2018;Ů° Ů&#x2018;Ů&#x17D; (â&#x20AC;ŤŘŹ Ů?Řš ŰĄŮ&#x2C6;Ů&#x2020;â&#x20AC;Ź Ů? â&#x20AC;Ť) ا Ů?Ů&#x2020;ا Ů? Ů? Ů&#x2C6; ا Ů?Ů&#x2020;ا ا Ů?Ů&#x201E;Ů&#x2021;Ů? Řąâ&#x20AC;Ź May Allah      shower His mercy unto him and forgive us for his sake! Ů&#x2018;Ů&#x17D; Ů° Ů&#x17D; Ů&#x17D; Ů° Ů&#x17D; Ů? Ů&#x2018;Ů° Ů&#x2018;Ů&#x17D; Ů&#x17D; â&#x20AC;Ť ŘšŮ&#x201E; ŰĄŮ&#x160;Ů&#x2021;Ů? Ů&#x17D;Ů&#x2C6;ا Ů?Ů&#x201E;Ů&#x2013; Ů&#x17D;Ů&#x2C6; Ů&#x17D;ŘłŮ&#x201E;Ů&#x2026;â&#x20AC;Ź$â&#x20AC;ŤŘ§ ŘŞ Ů&#x17D;ؚاâ&#x20AC;Ź â&#x20AC;ŤŘľŮ&#x201E;â&#x20AC;Ź

ŰĄ Ů&#x17D; ŰĄ Ů&#x2018; Ů&#x2018;Ů&#x17D; Ů&#x17D; ŰĄ Ů° â&#x20AC;ŤŮ&#x2026;Ů?Ů&#x160;â&#x20AC;Ź9â&#x20AC;ŤŘ¨ اâ&#x20AC;Ź Ů? Ů? â&#x20AC;ŤŘ§Ů&#x2026;Ů?Ů&#x160; Ů?باŮ&#x2021; Ů? اŮ&#x201E;â&#x20AC;Ź


1

ŰĄ ŰĄ Ů°    Ů°  ŰĄ Ů° ŰĄ   Ů°  ŰĄ ŰĄ   " ŰĄ    ! "                Ů° Ů° Ů° ŰĄ   ŰĄ   ŰĄ  ŰĄ % ./+,ŰĄ -   () .+ ,ŰĄ 1   ( Ů° 1ŰĄ     0      !* ($   #% &#' % #$

ISLAMIC MANNERS Blessings of reciting the Holy Quran, remembrance of Allah ď &#x201E;, Qufl-e-MadÄŤnaÄĽ of tongue, love for the poor and keeping their company 1.

 SayyidunÄ AbĹŤ Ĺťar GhifÄ rÄŤ   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020; B  ( has stated that he said to the Prophet of RaḼmaÄĽ    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013; â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   : YÄ RasĹŤlallÄ ÄĽ    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013; â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    ! Kindly give me some advice. The Holy      Prophet    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;I advise you to fear Allah      . Undoubtedly, it is the (essence) of your religion.â&#x20AC;&#x2122; I said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Please,  give me more advice.â&#x20AC;&#x2122; The Holy Prophet    Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Recite the Quran and remember Allah      in abundance, as it will be NĹŤr (light) for you in this world as well as in the heavens.â&#x20AC;&#x2122; I requested, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;YÄ RasĹŤlallÄ ÄĽ    Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ! Give me some more advice.â&#x20AC;&#x2122; The Beloved Mustafa    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013; â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Make Jihad obligatory for you, as it is the monasticism1 of my UmmaÄĽ.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;

I then requested again for more advice. The Noble Prophet    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Laugh less, for excessive laughing kills the hearts and dulls the faces.â&#x20AC;&#x2122; I said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Give me more advice.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;  The Holy Prophet   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Keep quiet, for silence 1

Monasticism means devoting oneself to worship and staying away from people. (TafsÄŤr Bayá¸?Ä wÄŤ, part 27, TaḼt Al-Ä&#x20AC;yaÄĽ 27, vol. 5, pp. 305)


2

Islamic Manners

is a shield against satan as well as a helper in your religious worksâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;. I said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Advice me something more.â&#x20AC;&#x2122; The Beloved  Prophet   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Look towards the one who is inferior to you in worldly status rather than the one who is superior to you. In this way, you will not be looking down upon the favour Allah  1    has bestowed on you.â&#x20AC;&#x2122; I said,  â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;YÄ RasĹŤlallÄ ÄĽ   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   ! Advice me something more.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;  The Noble Prophet   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Love the MasÄ kÄŤn (poor and needy) and keep their company.â&#x20AC;&#x2122; â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Advice me moreâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;,  I respectfully said. The Beloved Prophet   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Speak the truth even if it is bitter.â&#x20AC;&#x2122; I said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Please, advice some more.â&#x20AC;&#x2122; The Beloved and Blessed  Prophet   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Establish relation with your relatives even if they break up with you. I said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;YÄ RasĹŤlallÄ ÄĽ    Ů&#x2013;     â&#x20AC;&#x2020;Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   ! Advise more.â&#x20AC;&#x2122; The Holy Prophet    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;In Allahâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s matter, do not be afraid of any condemnation or rebuke.â&#x20AC;&#x2122; I requested for some more advice.â&#x20AC;&#x2122; The Noble Prophet   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Like the things for others that  you like for yourself.â&#x20AC;&#x2122; Then the Noble Prophet   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   tapped me on my chest and said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;O AbĹŤ Ĺťar! There is no wisdom like tactic, there is no piety like abstinence from sins and there is no gentleness like good manners.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;1

EXCELLENCE OF GOOD MANNERS 2.

1

AmÄŤr-ul-Mu`minÄŤn, SayyidunÄ â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;AlÄŤ-ul-Murtaá¸?Ä ŰĄD E ŰĄ â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ŰĄ â&#x20AC;&#x2020;     â&#x20AC;&#x2020; â&#x20AC;&#x2020;6  C  has narrated that the Noble Prophet   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   has said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Undoubtedly, through good manners, a person is able to attain the rank of those offering ᚢalÄ ÄĽ, fasting during the day and worshipping at night. [And sometimes] a person is written as

AttarghÄŤb WattarÄĽÄŤb, KitÄ b-ul-Qaá¸?Ä , vol. 3, pp. 131, ḤadÄŤĹĄ 24


Islamic Manners

3

haughty and rebellious whereas he does not have power over anyone except for his family.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;1 3.

 Umm-ul-Mu`minÄŤn SayyidatunÄ â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Ä&#x20AC;ishaÄĽ ᚢiddÄŤqaÄĽ  > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; â&#x20AC;&#x2020;B  (  has reported that the Beloved RasĹŤl   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; * â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   has said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Through good manners, a person can attain the rank of the one who performs ᚢalÄ t-ut-TaÄĽajjud and remains thirsty owing to fasting in hot summer.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;2

4.

 SayyidunÄ AbĹŤ DardÄ   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( has reported that the Blessed B RasĹŤl    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   has said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;There is nothing that weighs heavier on the scale of deeds than good manners.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;3

5.

 SayyidunÄ JÄ bir   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( has narrated that the Beloved and B  Blessed Prophet   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   has said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Shall I not give you the news about the best of all among you?â&#x20AC;&#x2122; We said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Why  not!â&#x20AC;&#x2122; He    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;The one who is well-mannered 4 amongst you.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;

6.

 SayyidunÄ JÄ bir   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( has narrated that the Prophet of B RaḼmaÄĽ, the Intercessor of the UmmaÄĽ    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   has said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;On the Day of Judgement, those amongst you who would be dear and near to me in my company are the ones who have good manners and adopt humbleness. People love them and they love people. Those amongst you who would be disliked and distant from me in my company are the ones who are arrogant, boastful and talkative.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;5

1

Al-Muâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;jam-ul-Awsaáš­, vol. 4, pp. 369-372, ḤadÄŤĹĄ 6273-6283

2

Al-IstiĹźkÄ r lil-Quráš­ubÄŤ, BÄ b: MÄ -JÄ fÄŤ Ḥusn Al-Khalq, vol. 8, pp. 279, ḤadÄŤĹĄ 1672

3

Sunan AbÄŤ DÄ wĹŤd, vol. 4, pp. 332, ḤadÄŤĹĄ 4799

4

AttarghÄŤb WattarÄĽÄŤb, KitÄ b-ul-Adab, vol. 3, pp. 330, ḤadÄŤĹĄ 4071

5

Sunan-ut-Tirmişč, vol. 3, pp. 409, ḤadÄŤĹĄ 2025; AttarghÄŤb WattarÄĽÄŤb, KitÄ b-ul-Adab, vol. 3, pp. 332, ḤadÄŤĹĄ 4080


Islamic Manners

4

7.

 SayyidunÄ â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;AbdullÄ ÄĽ Bin â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Umar -  > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020; B  ( has narrated that    the Noble RasĹŤl    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   has said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Allah      says: I have created mankind through My knowledge. When I intend goodness for a person, I grant him good manners and when I am displeased with someone, I inflict bad manners on him.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;1

8.

 SayyidunÄ JÄ bir Bin SamuraÄĽ   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( has narrated that the B Beloved Prophet    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   has said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;The best amongst the Muslims is the one who is the best in manners.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;2

9.

 SayyidunÄ AbĹŤ ĤurayraÄĽ   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( has narrated that the Holy B  Prophet    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   has said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;A perfect Mu`min (believer) is the one who is the best in manners.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;3

10.

 SayyidunÄ AbĹŤ ĤurayraÄĽ   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( narrated that the Prophet B of RaḼmaÄĽ, the Intercessor of UmmaÄĽ, the Owner of JannaÄĽ     â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   has said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Fire would not burn the person whose face and manners are made excellent by Allah      .â&#x20AC;&#x2122;4

11.

 SayyidunÄ AbĹŤ ĤurayraÄĽ   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( narrated that the Beloved B RasĹŤl    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   has said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Good manners melt the sins as the heat of the sun melts the ice.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;5

12.

 SayyidunÄ UsÄ maÄĽ Bin SharÄŤk   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( has narrated that B  the blessed companions  > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; â&#x20AC;&#x2020;B  ( asked the Beloved Prophet     Ů&#x2013;     â&#x20AC;&#x2020;Ů&#x2013; â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   , â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;YÄ RasĹŤlallÄ ÄĽ    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   ! What is the best  thing bestowed to man?â&#x20AC;&#x2122; The Holy Prophet    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Nothing better than good manners is bestowed upon man.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;6

1

JÄ miâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;-ul-Aá¸ĽÄ dÄŤĹĄ, vol. 5, pp. 325, ḤadÄŤĹĄ 15129

2

Al-Musnad lil ImÄ m AḼmad Bin Ḥanbal, vol. 7, pp. 410, ḤadÄŤĹĄ 20874

3

Sunan AbÄŤ DÄ wĹŤd, vol. 4, pp. 290, ḤadÄŤĹĄ 4682

4

Shuâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ab-ul-ÄŞmÄ n lil BayÄĽaqÄŤ, vol. 6, pp. 249, ḤadÄŤĹĄ 8038

5

Shuâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ab-ul-ÄŞmÄ n lil BayÄĽaqÄŤ, vol. 6, pp. 247, ḤadÄŤĹĄ 8036

6

Al-Muâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;jam-ul-KabÄŤr, vol. 1, pp. 179, ḤadÄŤĹĄ 463


5

Islamic Manners

13.

 SayyidunÄ AbĹŤ Ĺťar GhifÄ rÄŤ   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020; B  ( narrated that the Holy  Prophet    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   gave me the following piece of advice, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Wherever you live, fear Allah      and perform a good deed forthwith if a sin occurs, for this [good deed] would wipe out the sin. And treat people with good manners.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;1

THE EXCELLENCE OF POLITENESS, MEEKNESS AND COURTESY

14.

 SayyidunÄ JÄ bir   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020; B  ( reported that the Beloved Prophet     â&#x20AC;&#x2020;Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   has said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Shall I not inform you of the person hellfire is ḤarÄ m (prohibited) for? The one who is good-natured, soft-spoken, forgiving and fulfiller of peopleâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s needs.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;2

15.

 SayyidunÄ AbĹŤ ĤurayraÄĽ   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( has reported that the Noble B  RasĹŤl    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   has said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;A Mu`min is so good-natured and soft-spoken that people consider him a foolish person due to his gentleness.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;3

16.

 SayyidunÄ â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;IrbÄ á¸? Bin SÄ riyaÄĽ   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;B  ( reported that the Noble  Prophet    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   has said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;A Mu`min is like a camel led by a halter around its nose. If it is tied [to something] it stops and if it is walked, it starts walking. If it is made to sit on a stony ground, it sits.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;4

17.

 SayyidunÄ AbĹŤ ĤurayraÄĽ   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( reported that the Holy B  Prophet    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   has said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Glad tidings to the one who adopts humility without misery. Glad tidings to the one who

1

Sunan-ut-Tirmişč, vol. 3, pp. 397, Ḥadčť 1994

2

Al-Muâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;jam-ul-Awsaáš­, vol. 1, pp. 244, ḤadÄŤĹĄ 837

3

Shuâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ab-ul-ÄŞmÄ n lil BayÄĽaqÄŤ, vol. 6, pp. 272, ḤadÄŤĹĄ 8127

4

Sunan Ibn MÄ jaÄĽ, KitÄ b-us-SunnaÄĽ, vol. 1, pp. 32, ḤadÄŤĹĄ 43; TafsÄŤr RōḼ-ul-BayÄ n, TaḼt Al-Ä&#x20AC;yaÄĽ 63, vol. 6, pp. 240


6

Islamic Manners

keeps the company of Islamic scholars of jurisprudence and wisdom and refrains from the company of the disgraced sinners. Glad tidings to the one who spends excessive wealth of his in the path of Allah      and avoids useless talking. Glad tidings to the one who is acting upon my â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;SunnaÄĽâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; and does not give it up to adopt Bidâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;aÄĽ (innovation).â&#x20AC;&#x2122;1

EXCELLENCE OF MEETING PEOPLE AMIABLY 18.

 SayyidunÄ AbĹŤ ĤurayraÄĽ   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *  ( reported that the Holy â&#x20AC;&#x2020;B  Prophet    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   has said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;You cannot make people happy with your riches but your amiability and good manners can make them happy.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;2

19.

 SayyidunÄ JÄ bir Bin â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;AbdullÄ ÄĽ   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *  ( reported that the â&#x20AC;&#x2020;B Prophet of mankind, the Peace of our heart and mind, the  most Generous and Kind    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   has said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;The best â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;ᚢadaqaÄĽâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; (charity) is that you pour water from your pot to your brotherâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s pot and meet him cordially.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;3

THE EXCELLENCE OF SMILING AT A MUSLIM BROTHER 20.

 SayyidunÄ AbĹŤ Ĺťar GhifÄ rÄŤ   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020; B  ( has reported that the  Beloved and Blessed Prophet    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   has said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Filling your brotherâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s mug with water from your own mug is ᚢadaqaÄĽ. For you to call [people] towards righteousness and prevent [them] from evil is ᚢadaqaÄĽ. Your smiling at your Muslim

1

Shuâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ab-ul-ÄŞmÄ n lil BayÄĽaqÄŤ, vol. 7, pp. 355, ḤadÄŤĹĄ 10563

2

Al-Mustadrak lil á¸¤Ä kim, KitÄ b-ul-â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Ilm, vol. 1, pp. 329, ḤadÄŤĹĄ 435

3

Sunan-ut-Tirmişč, vol. 3, pp. 391, Ḥadčť 1977


7

Islamic Manners

brother is ᚢadaqaÄĽ and showing the way to someone who is lost is also ᚢadaqaÄĽ.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;1 21.

 Referring to SayyidunÄ AbĹŤ DardÄ   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( , SayyidatunÄ B  Umm-e-DardÄ  > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;     â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020; B  ( has stated that he used to smile when talking. She enquired of his smiling habit during talks,  SayyidunÄ AbĹŤ DardÄ   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( replied he had seen that the B  Holy Prophet    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   would continue to smile during his blessed conversation.2

22.

 SayyidunÄ JÄ bir   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020; B  ( reported that whenever there was  revelation on the Beloved Prophet    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   , I would say  that the Holy Prophet    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   was about to instil fear in people, and when there was no revelation, the Noble Prophet 3     â&#x20AC;&#x2020;Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   was the most smiling and obliging of all.

THE EXCELLENCE OF BEING LENIENT AND TOLERANT

23.

 SayyidunÄ â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;AbdullÄ ÄĽ Bin Mughaffal   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( reported that B   the Beloved and Blessed Prophet    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013; â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   has said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Undoubtedly, Allah      shows leniency and likes leniency. He      bestows [the reward on His bondman] for leniency that He      does not bestow for strictness.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;4

1

Shuâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ab-ul-ÄŞmÄ n lil BayÄĽaqÄŤ, vol. 3, pp. 204, ḤadÄŤĹĄ 3328

2

TÄ rÄŤkh MadÄŤnaÄĽ Dimashq li Ibn â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;AsÄ kir, vol. 47, pp. 187, Raqm 5464

3

Al-KÄ mil fÄŤ á¸&#x152;uâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;afÄ -ir-RijÄ l, Raqm 42/1663 Muhammad Bin â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Abdur RaḼman Bin AbÄŤ LaylÄ , vol. 7, pp. 392

4

Sunan AbÄŤ DÄ wĹŤd, KitÄ b-ul-Adab, vol. 4, pp. 334, ḤadÄŤĹĄ 4807


Islamic Manners

8

24.

 Umm-ul-Mu`minÄŤn SayyidatunÄ â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Ä&#x20AC;ishaÄĽ ᚢiddÄŤqaÄĽ  > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;     â&#x20AC;&#x2020; â&#x20AC;&#x2020;B  (  has reported that the Noble Prophet    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Allah      likes easiness in every matter.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;1

25.

 SayyidunÄ Anas Bin MÄ lik   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( reported that the Holy B  Prophet    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   has said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;The thing that has gentleness 2 is embellished.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;

26.

 Umm-ul-Mu`minÄŤn SayyidatunÄ â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Ä&#x20AC;ishaÄĽ ᚢiddÄŤqaÄĽ  > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;     â&#x20AC;&#x2020; â&#x20AC;&#x2020;B  (  has described that the Holy Prophet    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;When Allah      intends to bless some family, He      creates in their hearts love and kindness.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;3

27.

 SayyidunÄ SaÄĽal Bin Saâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;d   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( has reported that the Holy B    Prophet    Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Peace is from Allah      while 4 haste is from satan.

28.

 SayyidunÄ AbĹŤ ĤurayraÄĽ   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( reported that the Holy B  Prophet    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   has said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;A personâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s honour is his religion, politeness is his wisdom and gentleness is his good character.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;5

29.

 SayyidunÄ Ashaj â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;AᚣrÄŤ   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( has described that the Beloved B  and Blessed Prophet    Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   said to me, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;You possess two characteristics that Allah      likes; tolerance and calmness.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;  I asked, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;YÄ RasĹŤlallÄ ÄĽ    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   ! Have I myself gained those characteristics or I was innately born with these two characteristics by Allah      ?â&#x20AC;&#x2122; The Prophet of RaḼmaÄĽ, the    Intercessor of UmmaÄĽ    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Allah      set up

1

ᚢaḼčḼ BukhÄ rÄŤ, KitÄ b-ul-Adab, vol. 4, pp. 106, ḤadÄŤĹĄ 6024

2

Musnad Al-BazzÄ r, Musnad AbÄŤ ḤamzaÄĽ Anas Bin MÄ lik, vol. 2, pp. 329, ḤadÄŤĹĄ 7002

3

Al-Musnad lil ImÄ m AḼmad Bin Ḥanbal, Musnad â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Ä&#x20AC;ishaÄĽ, vol. 9, pp. 345, ḤadÄŤĹĄ 24481

4

Sunan-ut-Tirmişč, vol. 3, pp. 407, Ḥadčť 19

5

Al-Musnad lil ImÄ m AḼmad Bin Ḥanbal, vol. 3, pp. 292, ḤadÄŤĹĄ 8782


Islamic Manners

9

your nature on these two characteristics.â&#x20AC;&#x2122; Then I said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;All praise is to Allah      Who set up my nature with these two characteristics, with whom He      and His Beloved Prophet 1     â&#x20AC;&#x2020;Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   are happy.â&#x20AC;&#x2122; 30.

 SayyidatunÄ Umm-e-SalamaÄĽ  > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;     â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020; B  ( has reported that   the Noble Prophet    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;Ů&#x2013; â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;The one who does not possess even one out of three characteristics should not hope to be rewarded for any good deeds:

i.

The piety that refrains him from ḤarÄ m deeds,

ii.

the forbearance that prevents him from misleading, and

iii.

good manners with which he leads his life among the people.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;2

THE EXCELLENCE OF PATIENCE AND GENEROSITY 31.

 SayyidunÄ JÄ bir   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( has narrated that the Holy Prophet B     â&#x20AC;&#x2020;Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Perfect faith is the name of patience and generosity.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;3

32.

 SayyidunÄ â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;AbdullÄ ÄĽ Bin â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Umar -   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( narrated that the B  Noble Prophet    Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;The Mu`min who keeps relation with people and tolerates the sufferings caused by them, is much better than the other Mu`min who does not keep relation with people and does not show patience for sufferings caused by people.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;4

1

Al-Sunan-ul-BayÄĽaqÄŤ, KitÄ b-un-NikÄ á¸Ľ, vol. 7, pp. 163, ḤadÄŤĹĄ 13587

2

Shuâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ab-ul-ÄŞmÄ n lil BayÄĽaqÄŤ, vol. 10, pp. 153, ḤadÄŤĹĄ 175

3

Al-Musnad li AbÄŤ Yaâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;lÄ , Musnad JÄ bir Bin â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;AbdullÄ ÄĽ, vol. 2, pp. 220, ḤadÄŤĹĄ 1849

4

Al-Sunan-ul-KubrÄ lil BayÄĽaqÄŤ, vol. 10, pp. 153, ḤadÄŤĹĄ 20175


Islamic Manners

10

33.

 SayyidunÄ JÄ bir Bin â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;AbdullÄ ÄĽ   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020; B  ( has narrated that the  Noble Prophet    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;When SayyidunÄ NabÄŤ IbrÄ ÄĽÄŤm 64  5 â&#x20AC;&#x2020;     was made to visit the earth and the sky, he 64  5 â&#x20AC;&#x2020;     saw a transgressor and cursed him, so the transgressor was doomed. Seeing another sinner, he 64  5 â&#x20AC;&#x2020;     cursed him as well, so Allah      sent a revelation to him: O IbrÄ ÄĽÄŤm! Without doubt, one who has disobeyed Me is also My bondman, and any of three things will protect him from My wrath. He would either repent and I would accept his repentance or he would implore Me for forgiveness and I would forgive him or such people will be born in his generation who will be worshipping Me. O IbrÄ ÄĽÄŤm! Do you not know that one of My names is â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Aᚣ-ᚢabĹŤrâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; i.e. the Patient.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;1

34.

 SayyidunÄ AbĹŤ MĹŤsÄ Ashâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;arÄŤ   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( narrated that the Noble B  Prophet    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;There is no one showing more  patience than Allah      upon listening to something painful; people attribute offspring to Him and He      still pardons and gives them sustenance.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;2

35.

 SayyidunÄ AbĹŤ Masâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ĹŤd   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( narrated, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;When you find any B of your Muslim brothers involved in sins, do not abet satan by saying such a thing as: May Allah      humiliate him and to hell with him. But rather you should say like this: May Allah      give him the ability to repent and forgive him!â&#x20AC;&#x2122;3

1

Al-Muâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;jam-ul-Awsaáš­, vol. 5, pp. 322, ḤadÄŤĹĄ 7475

2

ᚢaḼčḼ Muslim, pp. 1506, Ḥadčť 2804

3

Al-Muâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;jam-ul-KabÄŤr, vol. 9, pp. 110, ḤadÄŤĹĄ 8574


11

Islamic Manners

THE EXCELLENCE OF CONTROLLING ONESELF IN ANGER

36.

 SayyidunÄ AbĹŤ ĤurayraÄĽ   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( reported that the Holy B Prophet    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  has said: The powerful is not the one who knocks down people! The companions asked, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;YÄ RasĹŤlallÄ ÄĽ    Ů&#x2013;     â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   ! Then, who is powerful?â&#x20AC;&#x2122; He    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    replied, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;The powerful is the one who controls himself when in anger.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;1

37.

 SayyidunÄ Anas   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( narrated that the Blessed Prophet B     â&#x20AC;&#x2020;Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   went past some people and witnessed that they were competing to lift a stone. â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;What is going on here,â&#x20AC;&#x2122; the  Blessed Prophet    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   inquired. The people said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;YÄ  RasĹŤlallÄ ÄĽ    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   ! This is the stone we considered as the stone of the powerful in the pre-Islamic era of ignorance.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;  The Noble Prophet    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Shall I not inform you of the most powerful among you? The most powerful amongst you all is the one who overcomes his anger.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;2

38.

 SayyidunÄ â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;AbdullÄ ÄĽ Bin â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Amr   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( reported that a person B  came to the Merciful Prophet    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   and said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;YÄ RasĹŤlallÄ ÄĽ    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   ! What can save me from Allahâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s  wrath? The Beloved Prophet    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;* â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   said to him, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Do not get angry.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;3

39.

 SayyidunÄ WaÄĽb Bin MunabbiÄĽ   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( narrated, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;It is stated B in the Torah, when you get angry, remember Me; and when I am in wrath, I will remember you. And have patience when you are oppressed; My help for you is better than your own

1

ᚢaḼčḼ Muslim, KitÄ b-ul-Bir Waᚣ-ᚢilaÄĽ, pp. 1406, ḤadÄŤĹĄ 2608

2

JÄ miâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;-ul-Aá¸ĽÄ dÄŤĹĄ lis SuyĹŤáš­ÄŤ, vol. 18, pp. 493, ḤadÄŤĹĄ 13087

3

Al-Musnad lil ImÄ m AḼmad Bin Ḥanbal, vol. 2, pp. 587, ḤadÄŤĹĄ 6646


12

Islamic Manners

help for yourself. Move your hand [i.e. make efforts]! The doors of sustenance will be opened for you.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;1

THE EXCELLENCE OF COMPASSION AND KIND-HEARTEDNESS 40.

 narrated that the Blessed Prophet SayyidunÄ Anas   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  B(     â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   has said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;By the One the All-powerful under Whose unlimited powers my soul is! Allah      bestows His mercy only on the one who is merciful.â&#x20AC;&#x2122; We asked,  â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;YÄ RasĹŤlallÄ ÄĽ    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   ! Are we all merciful?â&#x20AC;&#x2122; He     â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; * â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   replied, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;The one who only shows mercy to himself and his family is not merciful but rather merciful is the one who shows mercy to all Muslims.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;2

41.

 AmÄŤr-ul-Mu`minÄŤn SayyidunÄ AbĹŤ Bakr ᚢiddÄŤq   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( B narrated that the Prophet of RaḼmaÄĽ, the Intercessor of    UmmaÄĽ    Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   has said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Allah      says, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;If you want My mercy, show mercy towards My creature.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;3

42.

 SayyidunÄ UsÄ maÄĽ Bin Zayd   >  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( narrated that the Noble B    Prophet    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Verily, Allah      shows mercy towards the bondmen who shows mercy [to others].â&#x20AC;&#x2122;4

43.

 SayyidunÄ JÄ bir   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( has narrated that the Holy Prophet B        â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013; â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Allah      does not have mercy on the one who does not have mercy on others.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;5

1

Fay�-ul-Qadčr, vol. 4, pp. 629, TaḼt Al-Ḥadčť 6022

2

Az-ZuÄĽd-ul-ĤinÄ d, vol. 2, pp. 616, ḤadÄŤĹĄ 1325

3

Al-KÄ mil fÄŤ á¸&#x152;uâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;afÄ -ir-RijÄ l, Raqm 23\593, KhÄ lid Bin â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Amr, vol. 3, pp. 457

4

ᚢaḼčḼ BukhÄ rÄŤ, vol. 1, pp. 434, ḤadÄŤĹĄ 1284

5

ᚢaḼčḼ Muslim, pp. 1268, Ḥadčť 2319


Islamic Manners

13

44.

 SayyidunÄ JarÄŤr   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020; B  ( has narrated that the Beloved and  Blessed Prophet    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;The one who does not show mercy is not treated with mercy. And the one who does not forgive is not forgiven.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;1

45.

 SayyidunÄ JarÄŤr   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( has reported that the Holy Prophet B      â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013; â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;The one who does not have mercy on those on the earth is not treated with mercy by the Owner of the sky.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;2

46.

 SayyidunÄ â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;AbdullÄ ÄĽ Bin Masâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ĹŤd   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020; B  ( has reported that  the Most Dignified Prophet    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Show mercy to those on earth, the Owner of sky will have mercy on you.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;3

47.

 SayyidunÄ â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;AbdullÄ ÄĽ Bin â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Amr   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( narrated that he B  heard the Beloved Prophet    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   saying, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Show mercy; youâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ll be treated with mercy. Forgive; you will be forgiven.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;4

48.

 SayyidunÄ SaÄĽl Bin Saâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;d   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( stated that a woman once B  came to the Holy Prophet   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   for the fulfilment of her need but she found no place near the Holy Prophet   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   . Seeing this, a companion stood up letting her sit where he was sitting. Her need was then fulfilled. The Noble  Prophet    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   enquired from the companion, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Why did you do so?â&#x20AC;&#x2122; The companion said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;I had mercy on her.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;  After listening to this, the Holy Prophet    Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   said, 5 â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;May Allah      have mercy on you!â&#x20AC;&#x2122;

1

Attarghčb Wattarļčb, vol. 3, pp. 154, Ḥadčť 3448

2

Attarghčb Wattarļčb, vol. 3, pp. 154, Ḥadčť 3451

3

Muᚣannaf Ibn Abč Shaybaļ, vol. 6, pp. 94, Ḥadčť 10

4

Shuâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ab-ul-ÄŞmÄ n lil BayÄĽaqÄŤ, vol. 5, pp. 449, ḤadÄŤĹĄ 7236

5

Al-Muâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;jam-ul-KabÄŤr, vol. 6, pp. 161, ḤadÄŤĹĄ 5854


Islamic Manners

49.

14

 SayyidunÄ QurraÄĽ   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;B  ( narrated that a person said to the  Beloved and Blessed Prophet    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   : YÄ RasĹŤlallÄ ÄĽ     â&#x20AC;&#x2020;Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   ! I have mercy on the goat when I slaughter it.    The Beloved Prophet    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Allah      will have 1 mercy on you if you have mercy on the goat.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;

THE EXCELLENCE OF CONTROLLING ONEâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;S ANGER 50.

 SayyidunÄ Anas JuÄĽanÄŤ   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( narrated that the Holy B  Prophet    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;The one who suppresses his anger despite being able to vent it, Allah      will call him before all the people on the Day of Judgement and let him choose whichever of the maidens of Paradise he desires.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;2

51.

 SayyidunÄ â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;AbdullÄ ÄĽ Bin â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Umar -   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; â&#x20AC;&#x2020;B  ( narrated that the Beloved and Blessed RasĹŤl    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Swallowing anything is not greater than swallowing oneâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s anger for the pleasure of Allah      .â&#x20AC;&#x2122;3

52.

 SayyidunÄ Anas   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( narrated that the Holy Prophet B     â&#x20AC;&#x2020;Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   was going past some people who were wrestling.  The Prophet of RaḼmaÄĽ    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   enquired, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;What is   Ů&#x2013; going on?â&#x20AC;&#x2122; They said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;YÄ RasĹŤlallÄ ÄĽ    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   ! So-and-so is a very strong man. He defeats everyone!â&#x20AC;&#x2122; The Holy Prophet     â&#x20AC;&#x2020;Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Shall I not tell you who is even stronger than him? If the person who is oppressed by someone, swallows his anger and controls himself; he dominates his own satan and that of the other.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;4

1

Al-Musnad lil ImÄ m AḼmad Bin Ḥanbal, vol. 5, pp. 304, ḤadÄŤĹĄ 15592

2

Sunan-ut-Tirmişč, KitÄ b ᚢiffat-ul-QiyÄ maÄĽ, vol. 4, pp. 222, ḤadÄŤĹĄ 2501

3

Al-Musnad lil ImÄ m AḼmad Bin Ḥanbal, vol. 4, pp. 222, ḤadÄŤĹĄ 2501

4

Musnad-ul-BazzÄ r, vol. 2, pp. 345, ḤadÄŤĹĄ 7676


15

Islamic Manners

53.

 SayyidunÄ Anas   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020; B  ( narrated that the Prophet of  RaḼmaÄĽ, the Intercessor of UmmaÄĽ    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Are you not able to become AbĹŤ á¸&#x152;umá¸?um?â&#x20AC;&#x2122; The companions    > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020;B  ( asked, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Who is AbĹŤ á¸&#x152;umá¸?um?â&#x20AC;&#x2122; The Noble Prophet     â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;This is the person who says in the early Ů? â&#x20AC;ŤŮ?Ů&#x2020; Ů&#x201A;Ů&#x17D; ŰĄŘŻ Ů&#x17D;Ů&#x2C6; Ů&#x17D;Ů&#x2021; ۥبâ&#x20AC;Ź ŰĄ Ů? â&#x20AC;ŤŘł Ů&#x17D;Ů&#x2C6;Řš ŰĄŮ?Řąâ&#x20AC;Ź ŰĄ Ů&#x2018;Ů? â&#x20AC;Ť( ا Ů&#x17D; Ů°Ů&#x2018;Ů&#x201E;Ů&#x201E; Ů?Ů&#x2021; Ů&#x17D;Ů&#x2018;Ů&#x2026; اâ&#x20AC;Źi.e. â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;O Allah      ! I ŰĄ Ů? â&#x20AC;ŤŘŞ Ů&#x17D;Ů&#x2020; ŰĄŮ â&#x20AC;Ź morning: â&#x20AC;ŤŘśâ&#x20AC;Ź

bequeath my life and respect.â&#x20AC;&#x2122; Hence, he would not answer back to the person swearing at him; he would not oppress his oppressor and he would not hit the one who hits him.1 54.

 SayyidunÄ â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;AbdullÄ ÄĽ Bin â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;AbbÄ s -   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020; B  ( has said in Ů&#x17D;ŰĄŮ&#x17D;ŰĄ Ů&#x17D;ŰĄ Ů° ŰĄ Ů&#x17D; exegesis of the verse â&#x20AC;Ť( Ů&#x2C6;اŮ&#x201E;Ů&#x192;ظŮ? Ů?Ů&#x2026;Ů&#x160; اŮ&#x201E;ŘşŮ&#x160;ظâ&#x20AC;Źi.e. and those who swallow

their anger2), â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;It implies that someone misbehaves you and you are able to answer back but still you suppress your anger and do not answer back.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;

THE EXCELLENCE OF FORGIVING OTHERS 55.

 SayyidunÄ Anas   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( narrated that the Merciful Prophet B    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;On the Judgement Day when people would be standing in wait for accountability, an announcer would say, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;The one whose reward is due on Allahâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s benevolence, stand up and enter Paradise.â&#x20AC;&#x2122; The announcer would say for the second time, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;The one whose reward is due on Allahâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s benevolence, stand up.â&#x20AC;&#x2122; People would ask, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Who is he whose reward is due on the benevolence of Allah      ?â&#x20AC;&#x2122; The announcer would say, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Those who would forgive others.â&#x20AC;&#x2122; Thus, countless people would stand and enter Paradise without accountability.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;3

1

JÄ miâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;-ul-Aá¸ĽÄ dÄŤĹĄ lis SuyĹŤáš­ÄŤ, vol. 3, pp. 410, ḤadÄŤĹĄ 9447

2

Kanz-ul-ÄŞmÄ n (Translation of Quran); Part 4, SĹŤraÄĽ Ä&#x20AC;l-e-â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;ImrÄ n, verse 134 AttarghÄŤb WattarÄĽÄŤb, vol. 3, pp. 211, ḤadÄŤĹĄ 17

3


Islamic Manners

16

56.

 SayyidunÄ â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;UqbaÄĽ Bin â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Ä&#x20AC;mir   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020; B  ( reported that the  Holy Prophet    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   once held my hand and said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;O â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;UqbaÄĽ! Shall I not tell you about the good manners of people of the world and the Hereafter?â&#x20AC;&#x2122; I respectfully said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Yes  please!â&#x20AC;&#x2122; Then he    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Keep relationship with him who severs relation with you, give to him who deprives you and forgive him who oppresses you.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;1

57.

 SayyidunÄ Ubayy Bin Kaâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;b   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( narrated that the Holy B Prophet    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;One who likes that a palace be built for him in Paradise and his ranks be raised, should forgive the one who oppresses him, bestow upon the one who deprives him and keep relation with the one who severs relationship with him.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;2

58.

SayyidunÄ AbĹŤ â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;AbdullÄ ÄĽ JadlÄŤ  . ŰĄ â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020; ' - , (â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ŰĄ    narrated that he asked Umm-ul-Mu`minÄŤn SayyidatunÄ â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Ä&#x20AC;ishaÄĽ ᚢiddÄŤqaÄĽ   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; B  ( about the good manners of the Beloved Mustafa    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;     â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    . She replied, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;He    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   was not a talker of bad things nor a wrong doer. Neither did he holler in the markets nor was he an avenger but the Noble Prophet 3     â&#x20AC;&#x2020;Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   was forgiving and tolerant.

59.

 Umm-ul-Mu`minÄŤn SayyidatunÄ â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Ä&#x20AC;ishaÄĽ ᚢiddÄŤqaÄĽ  > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;     â&#x20AC;&#x2020; â&#x20AC;&#x2020;B  (  has reported that the Noble Prophet    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   has never hit anyone except Jihad and neither did he retaliate for personal  reasons. However, the Beloved Prophet    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   did take revenge, for Allah      , on the one who committed the deeds declared ḤarÄ m by Allah      . When the Noble Prophet    Ů&#x2013;     â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   was asked for something, he    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   

1

Al-Muâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;jam-ul-KabÄŤr, vol. 17, pp. 269, ḤadÄŤĹĄ 739

2

Al-Mustadrak, KitÄ b-ut-TafsÄŤr, vol. 3, pp. 12, ḤadÄŤĹĄ 3215

3

Sunan-ut-Tirmişč, vol. 3, pp. 409, Ḥadčť 2023


Islamic Manners

17

did not refuse. But the Holy Prophet    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   forbade  the acts causing sins because the Holy Prophet    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   kept away from people in such matters. If there were two  alternatives given, the Noble Prophet    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   always 1 adopted the easier one. 60.

 SayyidunÄ AbĹŤ ĤurayraÄĽ   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( reported that the Holy B  Prophet    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;Ů&#x2013;      )   â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   has said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;On the Day of Judgement, Allah      will forgive the sins of the person who forgives the mistake of a repentant person.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;2

61.

 Umm-ul-Mu`minÄŤn SayyidatunÄ â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Ä&#x20AC;ishaÄĽ ᚢiddÄŤqaÄĽ  > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;     â&#x20AC;&#x2020; â&#x20AC;&#x2020;B  (  has reported that the Prophet of RaḼmaÄĽ    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*   has said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Forgive the mistakes of those who are considerate towards you unless they deserve punishment as per the SharÄŤâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;aÄĽ (Islamic Sacred Law).â&#x20AC;&#x2122;3

62.

 SayyidunÄ â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;AbdullÄ ÄĽ Bin â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Umar -   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020; B  ( has stated, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Do not punish those who are considerate towards you if they are righteous.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;4

63.

 SayyidunÄ AbĹŤ ĤurayraÄĽ   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020; B  ( reported that the Beloved  Mustafa    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   has said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;ᚢadaqaÄĽ [charity] does not decrease wealth at all. Allah      heightens the respect of the one who forgives. And Allah      bestows elevation on the one who shows humility for Allah      .â&#x20AC;&#x2122;5

1

Al-Musnad lil ImÄ m AḼmad Bin Ḥanbal, vol. 9, pp. 451, ḤadÄŤĹĄ 25039

2

Musnad-ul-BazzÄ r, vol. 2, pp. 477, ḤadÄŤĹĄ 8967

3

Al-Musnad lil ImÄ m AḼmad Bin Ḥanbal, vol. 9, pp. 544, ḤadÄŤĹĄ 2553

4

Fay�-ul-Qadčr, vol. 3, pp. 299, Ḥadčť 3233

5

ᚢaḼčḼ Muslim, pp. 1397, Ḥadčť 2588


18

Islamic Manners

64.

SayyidunÄ MarwÄ n Bin JinÄ á¸Ľ  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;     â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020; ' &   ( has said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;The world exists on the fact that someone forgives the one who misbehaves.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;1

65.

SayyidunÄ MaysiraÄĽ Bin Ḥalbas  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;     â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020; ' &   ( has said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Good tidings to the one who renders the right where people do not know how to give right. Thus, Allah      bestows the awareness of His pleasure upon him. It is such a time that only the one who maintains anonymity can get absolution. Their hearts are luminous lamps in the darkness. Allah      opens the doors of Paradise for them and spares them from the ordeal of every dusty and dark place.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;

THE EXCELLENCE OF BEING A WELL-WISHER TO THE MUSLIMS 66.

 SayyidunÄ â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;AbdullÄ ÄĽ Bin â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Umar -   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020; B  ( narrated that  Holy Prophet    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   has said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;DÄŤn refers to wellwishing (to act whole-heartedly upon the commandments of  SharÄŤâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;aÄĽ).â&#x20AC;&#x2122; The companions   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020; B  ( said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;YÄ RasĹŤlallÄ ÄĽ    Ů&#x2013;     â&#x20AC;&#x2020;Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   ! â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Towards whom?â&#x20AC;&#x2122; He    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   replied, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Towards Allah      , to His Book, to His Prophets, to the ImÄ m of the Muslims and towards ordinary Mu`minÄŤn (true believers).â&#x20AC;&#x2122;2

67.

 B SayyidunÄ Anas   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( narrated that the Prophet of  RaḼmaÄĽ    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   has said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Mu`minÄŤn are well-wishers and affectionate towards one another no matter if they live in different cities. Whereas, hypocrites cheat each other even if they live in the same cities.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;3

1

TÄ rÄŤkh MadÄŤnaÄĽ Dimashq li Ibn â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;AsÄ kir, vol. 18, pp. 84, Raqm 2157

2

ᚢaḼčḼ Muslim, pp. 47, Ḥadčť 55 Attarghčb Wattarļčb, vol. 2, pp. 361, Ḥadčť 12

3


Islamic Manners

19

68.

 SayyidunÄ Bakr Bin â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;AbdullÄ ÄĽ MuzanÄŤ   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020; B  ( said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;If I entered a crowded Masjid and someone asked me as to who the best person among them were; I would first ask the questioner, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Do you know the well-wishing person among them?â&#x20AC;&#x2122; If he knew him, then I would say, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;He is the best of all. I also know that the person deceiving them is the worst of all. I am afraid, their best person may indulge in making mischief and I am also optimistic that their worse person may become pious.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;

69.

 SayyidunÄ Anas   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( narrated that the Most Blessed B  Prophet    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   has said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;None of you can become a true believer (Mu`min) unless he likes for his brother what he likes for himself.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;1

70.

 SayyidunÄ Muâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;Ä Ĺź   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( asked the Prophet of mankind, B the Peace of our heart and mind, the most Generous and   Kind    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  about perfect faith. The Beloved    Ů&#x2013;   Prophet    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;The perfect faith implies that you have love and hold a grudge only for the sake of Allah       and make â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;ĹťikrullÄ ÄĽâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; in abundance. He   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    ( then B  requested, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;YÄ RasĹŤlallÄ ÄĽ    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   ! And afterwards?â&#x20AC;&#x2122;  The Holy Prophet    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Like for people what you like for yourself, and dislike for people what you dislike for yourself and speak good or maintain silence.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;2

1

ᚢaḼčḼ Muslim, pp. 42, Ḥadčť 45

2

Al-Musnad ImÄ m AḼmad Bin Ḥanbal, vol. 8, pp. 266, ḤadÄŤĹĄ 22193


Islamic Manners

20

EXCELLENCE OF PURITY OF HEART AND REFRAINING FROM MALICE AGAINST MUSLIMS 71.

 SayyidunÄ AbĹŤ Saâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ÄŤd KhudrÄŤ   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( has narrated that the B Beloved Prophet    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;The AbdÄ l of my UmmaÄĽ will not enter Paradise merely because of their righteous deeds. But rather they will enter Paradise due to the mercy of Allah      , generosity of Nafs, purity of heart and due to being merciful to all Muslims.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;1

72.

 SayyidunÄ Anas Bin MÄ lik   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( has narrated that he and B  other companions   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020; B  ( were present in the blessed  court of the Holy Prophet    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   . The Noble Prophet    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Through this way, a person deserving of Paradise will come to you.â&#x20AC;&#x2122; Meanwhile, an AnášŁÄ rÄŤ companion came with his beard dripping with water of Wuá¸?ĹŤ and holding  his shoes in his left hand. He   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( then made SalÄ m. On B  the second day, the Noble Prophet    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   told the same news again and the same AnášŁÄ rÄŤ companion came. On the third day the same thing happened.  After the Beloved Prophet    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   left, SayyidunÄ  â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;AbdullÄ ÄĽ Bin â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Amr   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020; B  ( followed the same companion and said to him, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;By Allah      ! I have a matter with my father and I will not go to him for three days, kindly allow me to stay with you for three days if it is reasonable.â&#x20AC;&#x2122; The AnášŁÄ rÄŤ  companion consented to the request. SayyidunÄ Anas   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( B  said: SayyidunÄ â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;AbdullÄ ÄĽ Bin â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Amr   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( said to me, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;I B stayed three nights with him but I did not witness him doing  any worship at night. However, when he   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( tossed B and turned, he would invoke â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;ĹťikrullÄ ÄĽâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; until he would get up

1

Kanz-ul-â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;UmmÄ l, vol. 12, pp. 85, ḤadÄŤĹĄ 34596


Islamic Manners

21

 to perform ᚢalÄ t-ul-Fajr.â&#x20AC;&#x2122; SayyidunÄ â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;AbdullÄ ÄĽ   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;B  ( said that he did not listen anything from the AnášŁÄ rÄŤ companion    > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    ( apart from good. When the three days passed, I B was very likely to deem his deeds insignificant but I told the AnášŁÄ rÄŤ companion, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;O bondman of Allah (     )! I am not really angry with my father nor have I abandoned him but I  heard the Holy Prophet    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   saying thrice â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;A JannatÄŤ (i.e. a person deserving of Paradise) will come to you nowâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; and you were the one who came all three times. I, therefore, firmly determined to stay with you to observe what you do so that I could follow you. But I did not see you doing any major worship. So how did you attain such a high rank that the Beloved and  Blessed Prophet    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   praised you in this way?â&#x20AC;&#x2122;  The AnášŁÄ rÄŤ companion   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;There is no deed B other than the one you have witnessed.â&#x20AC;&#x2122; SayyidunÄ â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;AbdullÄ ÄĽ    > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    ( said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Listening to this, I was about to return when B the AnášŁÄ rÄŤ companion called me and said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;I have no deed other than one you have witnessed but I have no grudge in my heart against any Muslim nor am I jealous of what Allah      has  granted to others.â&#x20AC;&#x2122; SayyidunÄ â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;AbdullÄ ÄĽ Bin â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Amr   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( B said: I said to him, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;These are the very virtuous deeds, due to which you are ranked high, whereas we are unable to do that.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;1

73.

 SayyidunÄ Muâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;Ä wiyaÄĽ Bin QurraÄĽ   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( has stated, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;The B best among people is the one who has a purified heart and refrains from backbiting the most.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;2

74.

 SayyidunÄ Kaâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;b   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020; B  ( was asked, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;How would a sleeping person get forgiveness and a ᚢalÄ ÄĽ-offering person earn

1

Al-Muᚣannaf li â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Abdur RazzÄ q, vol. 10, pp. 260, ḤadÄŤĹĄ 4944

2

Al-Muᚣannaf li Ibn Abč Shaybaļ, vol. 8, pp. 4944, Ḥadčť 8


22

Islamic Manners

 gratitude?â&#x20AC;&#x2122; He   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;B  ( said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;A person offers ᚢalÄ ÄĽ standing at night and makes Duâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;Ä for his sleeping-brother, in his absence. Allah      grants forgiveness to his sleeping-brother due to his Duâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;Ä . And due to well-wishing for his sleeping brother, the person standing in ᚢalÄ ÄĽ deserves to be thanked.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;

THE EXCELLENCE OF MEDIATION 75.

 It is narrated by SayyidunÄ AbĹŤ DardÄ   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( that the B  Beloved Prophet    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Shall I not tell you about a virtuous deed that is better than ᚢalÄ ÄĽ, fasting and ᚢadaqaÄĽ (charity) in respect of the level of reward?â&#x20AC;&#x2122; The companions    >  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020; B  ( said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Why not!â&#x20AC;&#x2122; The Prophet of RaḼmaÄĽ, the  Intercessor of UmmaÄĽ    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Improve your relation with each other because disunity causes damage to the religion.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;1

EXCELLENCE OF FULFILLING RIGHTS 76.

 SayyidunÄ Anas   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020; B  ( narrated that the Holy Prophet     â&#x20AC;&#x2020;Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Whosoever fulfils a right with his tongue, his reward will continue to increase until Allah      grants him his full reward on the Day of Judgement.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;2

THE EXCELLENCE OF HELPING THE OPPRESSED 77.

 SayyidunÄ BarÄ ` Bin â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Ä&#x20AC;zib   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( narrated that the Beloved B 3  Prophet    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   has ordered us to help the oppressed.

1

Sunan-ut-Tirmişč, vol. 4, pp. 228, Ḥadčť 2517

2

Ḥilya-tul-AwliyÄ , Raqm 399, vol. 8, pp. 192, ḤadÄŤĹĄ 11851

3

Sunan-ut-Tirmişč, vol. 4, pp. 369, Ḥadčť 2818


23

Islamic Manners

78.

 SayyidunÄ Anas   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020; B  ( stated that the Beloved and Blessed  RasĹŤl    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Help your brother whether he is an oppressor or an oppressed.â&#x20AC;&#x2122; I said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;I can help an oppressed, but  how can I help an oppressor?â&#x20AC;&#x2122; The Holy Prophet    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   1 said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Prevent him from oppression.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;

PREVENTING AN OPPRESSOR FROM OPPRESSION 79.

 SayyidunÄ Qays Bin AbÄŤ á¸¤Ä zim   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020; B  ( stated that he listened to AmÄŤr-ul-Mu`minÄŤn SayyidunÄ AbĹŤ Bakr ᚢiddÄŤq    > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    ( saying: O people, you all recite this verse: B

    Ů° 0B C!ŰĄ  ŰĄ @A ( ŰĄ?2  #7 ? #?Ů°Ů&#x201C;  ŰĄ       ŰĄ ./+B NŰĄ? L M & JK (ŰĄ $ 0ŰĄ GH I ? F E/0B C 4D O believers! Take care of yourselves. He who has gone astray will not harm you when you are on the right way. [Kanz-ul-ÄŞmÄ n (Translation of Quran)] (Part 5, SĹŤraÄĽ An-NisÄ , verse 64)  (Then he   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( said) I have heard the Prophet of RaḼmaÄĽ, B  the Intercessor of UmmaÄĽ, the Owner of JannaÄĽ    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   saying, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;When people see the oppressor and do not stop him from oppression, then they all will be tormented by Allah      soon.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;2

80.

 SayyidunÄ â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;AbdullÄ ÄĽ Bin â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Amr   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( narrated that the B  Beloved Prophet    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;If you witness my

1

Sunan-ut-Tirmişč, vol. 4, pp. 112, Ḥadčť 2262

2

Sunan-ut-Tirmişč, KitÄ b-ut-TafsÄŤr, vol. 5, pp. 41, ḤadÄŤĹĄ 3068


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Islamic Manners

UmmaÄĽ respecting an oppressor, and you declare an oppressor to be the oppressor, this will make you apart from them.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;1

PREVENT YOUR NAĂ?VE 81.

 SayyidunÄ Nuâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;mÄ n Bin BashÄŤr   >  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;B  ( narrated that the Holy  Prophet    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Keep on preventing your naĂŻve (inexperienced young people lacking in understanding2).â&#x20AC;&#x2122;3

THE EXCELLENCE OF HELPING MUSLIMS TO CATER FOR THEIR NEEDS

82.

 SayyidunÄ â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;AbdullÄ ÄĽ Bin â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Umar -   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; â&#x20AC;&#x2020;B  ( narrated that the  Holy Prophet    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;There are some people who Allah      has created to cater for the needs of others. People approach them when they are in need. These are the very people who will be safe from the torment of Allah      on the Judgement Day.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;4

83.

 SayyidunÄ SaÄĽl Bin Saâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;d   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( narrated that the Merciful B     Prophet    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013; â&#x20AC;&#x2020;     )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Allah      has the treasures of good and bad (i.e. good and evil) whereas their keys are human beings. The good news is for the one who Allah      has made like a key to good and a lock on evil, and the bad news is for the one who was made like a key to evil and a lock on good.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;5

1

Al-Musnad lil ImÄ m AḼmad Bin Ḥanbal, vol. 2, pp. 621, ḤadÄŤĹĄ 6798

Commenting on this ḤadÄŤĹĄ, SayyidunÄ â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;AllÄ maÄĽ â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Abdur RaĹŤf MunÄ wÄŤ  . ŰĄ â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020; ' - , (â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ŰĄ   has stated, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;The guardian has been addressed that he should prevent his naĂŻve dependents from extravagance.â&#x20AC;&#x2122; (Fayá¸?-ul-QadÄŤr lil MunÄ wÄŤ, vol. 3, pp. 579, TaḼt Al-ḤadÄŤĹĄ 3894) 2

3

Shuâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ab-ul-ÄŞmÄ n lil BayÄĽaqÄŤ, vol. 6, pp. 92, ḤadÄŤĹĄ 7577

4

Al-Muâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;jam-ul-KabÄŤr, vol. 12, pp. 274, ḤadÄŤĹĄ 13334

5

Al-Muâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;jam-ul-KabÄŤr, vol. 6, pp. 150, ḤadÄŤĹĄ 5812


Islamic Manners

25

84.

 SayyidunÄ Ibn â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;AbbÄ s -   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020; B  ( narrated that the Noble    Prophet    Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   has said that Allah      says, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;I am Rab. I have made good and evil predestined. Good news is for the one who has the key to good and bad news is for the one who has the key to evil.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;1

85.

 SayyidunÄ AbĹŤ ĤurayraÄĽ   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( narrated that the Beloved B  and Blessed Prophet    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   has said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;The person who removes difficulty and trouble from a Mu`min, Allah      will create for him two such portions of NĹŤr (light) on the ᚢirÄ áš­ bridge which will provide light to numerous creatures that no one other than Allah      knows their number.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;2

86.

 SayyidunÄ AbĹŤ ĤurayraÄĽ   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( narrated that the Noble B  Prophet    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Anyone who eases the worldly suffering of a Muslim, Allah      will ease his trouble on the Judgement Day. And the person who hides the faults of a Muslim, Allah      will hide his faults in the world as well as in the Hereafter, and Allah      keeps helping him as long as he keeps helping his Muslim brother.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;3

87.

 It is narrated by SayyidunÄ Anas Bin MÄ lik   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( that the B  Beloved Prophet    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Creation is nourished by Allah      and the most beloved to Allah      among His creation is the one who benefits His creation the most.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;4

88.

 SayyidunÄ Anas   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( narrated that the Prophet of RaḼmaÄĽ, B  the Intercessor of UmmaÄĽ    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; * â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Whosoever

1

Ad-Dur-rul-ManĹĄĹŤr, vol. 5, pp. 622, SĹŤraÄĽ Al-AnbiyÄ , TaḼt Al-Ä&#x20AC;yaÄĽ 21

2

Al-Muâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;jam-ul-Awsaáš­, vol. 3, pp. 254, ḤadÄŤĹĄ 4505

3

ᚢaḼčḼ Muslim, pp. 1447, Ḥadčť 2699

4

Al-Musnad li AbÄŤ Yaâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;lÄ , vol. 3, pp. 232, ḤadÄŤĹĄ 3465


Islamic Manners

26

fulfils his Muslim brotherâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s need, it is as if he worshipped Allah      throughout his life.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;1 89.

 SayyidunÄ AbĹŤ MĹŤsÄ Ashâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;arÄŤ   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( narrated that the Holy B  Prophet    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;* â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;A Mu`min for another Mu`min is like a building, some portion of which supports the other.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;2

90.

 SayyidunÄ Nuâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;mÄ n Bin BashÄŤr   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( narrated that the B Prophet of mankind, the Peace of our heart and mind, the most  Generous and Kind    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;The example of the Mu`minÄŤnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s mercy, love and kindness to kith and kin is like a body. When one of its parts gets hurt, the whole body is feverish and restless.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;3

SayyidunÄ SulaymÄ n Bin AḼmad ᚏabarÄ nÄŤ  . ŰĄ â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020; ' - , (â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ŰĄ     â&#x20AC;&#x2020; ' & ( was blessed with the vision of the narrated that he  )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*   Beloved and Blessed Prophet    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   in a dream and enquired about the aforementioned ḤadÄŤĹĄ, the Noble Prophet     â&#x20AC;&#x2020;Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   said three times whilst pointing with his blessed hand, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;This is correct.â&#x20AC;&#x2122; 91.

 SayyidunÄ AbĹŤ ĤurayraÄĽ   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020; B  ( narrated that a person  asked the Beloved Mustafa    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   , â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;YÄ RasĹŤlallÄ ÄĽ     â&#x20AC;&#x2020;Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   ! Which deed is most rewarding?â&#x20AC;&#x2122; The Beloved  Prophet    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Making your Muslim brother happy or paying his debt or giving food to him.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;4

92.

 SayyidunÄ AbĹŤ ĤurayraÄĽ   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( narrated that the Holy B  Prophet    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   said: â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;A Mu`min is like a mirror for a Mu`min. A Mu`min is a brother to a Mu`min. Wherever he

1

Al-Firdaus Bi-MÄ ĹĄĹŤr-ul-Khaáš­áš­Ä b, vol. 2, pp. 286, ḤadÄŤĹĄ 6111

2

ᚢaḼčḼ BukhÄ rÄŤ, vol. 2, pp. 127, ḤadÄŤĹĄ 2446

3

SharḼ-us-Sunnaļ lil Baghwč, vol. 6, pp. 453, Ḥadčť 3353

4

Shuâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ab-ul-ÄŞmÄ n lil BayÄĽaqÄŤ, vol. 6, pp. 123, ḤadÄŤĹĄ 7678


27

Islamic Manners

meets his brother, he protect him from harm and safeguards him in his absence.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;1 93.

 SayyidunÄ â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;AbdullÄ ÄĽ Bin â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Umar -   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020; B  ( reported that  once the Prophet of RaḼmaÄĽ    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   asked the blessed  companions  > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; â&#x20AC;&#x2020;B  ( : â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Tell me about the tree that resembles a Muslim man. Its leaves do not fall and it bears fruit all the time following the command of Rab      .â&#x20AC;&#x2122; SayyidunÄ â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;AbdullÄ ÄĽ  Bin â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Umar -   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; â&#x20AC;&#x2020; B  ( stated that a thought struck my mind that it was of course a date palm tree but in the presence of AmÄŤr-ul-Mu`minÄŤn SayyidunÄ AbĹŤ Bakr ᚢiddÄŤq and AmÄŤr-ul Mu`minÄŤn SayyidunÄ â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Umar FÄ rĹŤq -  > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; â&#x20AC;&#x2020;B  ( , I did not find it suitable to speak up. When both of them did not speak, the 2  Holy Prophet    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   himself told, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;It is a date palm tree.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;

94.

 It is narrated by SayyidunÄ Anas Bin MÄ lik   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( that B  the Beloved Prophet    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Whoever offers hospitality to a Mu`min or helps him satisfy his needs, he will be bestowed servants in Paradise by the grace of Allah      .â&#x20AC;&#x2122;3

THE EXCELLENCE OF REMOVING SOMEONEâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;S WORRY 95.

 SayyidunÄ Anas Bin MÄ lik   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( reported that the Beloved B   and Blessed RasĹŤl    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;Ů&#x2013; â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Undoubtedly, helping worried people is liked by Allah      .â&#x20AC;&#x2122;4

96.

 SayyidunÄ Anas Bin MÄ lik   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( reported that the Blessed B Prophet    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   said: â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;The one who helps a grieved

1

Sunan AbÄŤ DÄ wĹŤd, vol. 4, pp. 365, ḤadÄŤĹĄ 4918

2

Musnad-ul-BazzÄ r, vol. 2, pp. 236, ḤadÄŤĹĄ 5714

3

Ḥilya-tul-AwliyÄ , vol. 3, pp. 62, ḤadÄŤĹĄ 3173

4

Al-Musnad li AbÄŤ Yaâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;lÄ , vol. 3, pp. 452, ḤadÄŤĹĄ 428


Islamic Manners

28

person, Allah      writes 73 virtues for him. Through one virtue Allah      makes his world and Hereafter better. The rest of virtues cause high ranks for him.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;1 97.

 SayyidunÄ AbĹŤ Saâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ÄŤd KhudrÄŤ   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( has narrated that once B we were travelling with the Noble Prophet    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  when a person riding on a very weak animal came and he started  turning his ride left and right. The Holy Prophet    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;The one who has an extra (animal) ride, should give it to the one who has no (animal) ride and the one who has leftover food, should give it to the one who has no food.â&#x20AC;&#x2122; Similarly, different kinds of things were mentioned; at last, we realized that no one had the right to keep the leftover.2

98.

 SayyidunÄ AbĹŤ Ĺťar GhifÄ rÄŤ   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( has reported: â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;I asked the B    Ů&#x2013;  Noble Prophet    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;Ů&#x2013;      )   â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   , â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;YÄ RasĹŤlallÄ ÄĽ    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   ! Which deed will lead a bondman to freedom from Hell?â&#x20AC;&#x2122; The    Holy Prophet    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Have faith in Allah      .â&#x20AC;&#x2122; I asked, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Is there any specific deed to carry out in addition to  having faith?â&#x20AC;&#x2122; The Noble Prophet    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Keep giving something in charity from the sustenance given by Allah      .â&#x20AC;&#x2122; I said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;If he is poor and finds nothing to give in  charity, then?â&#x20AC;&#x2122; The Blessed Prophet    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;He should call others towards righteousness and prevent them  from misdeeds.â&#x20AC;&#x2122; I said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;YÄ RasĹŤlallÄ ÄĽ    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   ! What if he is not able to speak with eloquence for calling others to righteousness and forbidding them from misdeeds, then? The Prophet of RaḼmaÄĽ    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;He should do some good to an ignorant person.â&#x20AC;&#x2122; I again asked, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;If he is himself an ignorant person and cannot do any good to

1

Al-Musnad li AbÄŤ Yaâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;lÄ , vol. 3, pp. 445, ḤadÄŤĹĄ 425

2

Sunan AbÄŤ DÄ wĹŤd, vol. 2, pp. 175, ḤadÄŤĹĄ 1663


Islamic Manners

29

others, then?â&#x20AC;&#x2122; The Beloved Prophet    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;He should help some miserable person.â&#x20AC;&#x2122; The Holy Prophet     â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   then said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Do you not want your brother to have some merit that removes pain from people?â&#x20AC;&#x2122; I said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;YÄ  RasĹŤlallÄ ÄĽ    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   ! Will the person doing so enter   Paradise?â&#x20AC;&#x2122; The Merciful Prophet    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Anyone, whether a Mu`min or a Muslim adopts one of these characteristics, I will hold his arm and take him to Paradise.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;1

THE EXCELLENCE OF SUPPORTING THE WEAK 99.

 It is narrated by SayyidunÄ AbĹŤ ĤurayraÄĽ   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( that B  the Holy Prophet    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;The one who attempts to provide for a widow or a poor person is like a MujÄ ÄĽid (warrior) who fights in the path of Allah      .â&#x20AC;&#x2122;2

 100. It is narrated by SayyidunÄ AbĹŤ ĤurayraÄĽ   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( that the B  Noble Prophet    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;The one who attempts to provide for a widow or a poor person is like a MujÄ ÄĽid (warrior) who fights in the path of Allah      or he is like that person who observes fast during the day and stands in worship in the night.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;3

101.

 SayyidunÄ JÄ bir   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( has narrated that the Holy Prophet B    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;The one who digs a grave (for a dead Muslim), Allah      will grant him a house in Paradise and he will keep on getting its reward till the Judgement Day. The one who gives bath to the dead body of a Muslim, will be as clean from his sins as he was on the day when his mother gave

1

Al-Muâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;jam-ul-KabÄŤr, vol. 2, pp. 156, ḤadÄŤĹĄ 165

2

ᚢaḼčḼ BukhÄ rÄŤ, vol. 3, pp. 511, ḤadÄŤĹĄ 5353

3

Al-Musnad lil ImÄ m AḼmad Bin Ḥanbal, vol. 3, pp. 275, ḤadÄŤĹĄ 874


30

Islamic Manners

birth to him. The one who shrouds a dead body of a Muslim, Allah      will confer heavenly clothes on him equal to the number of deceased personâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s clothes. The one who consoles a grieved person, Allah      will make him wear the attire [i.e. clothing] of piety and (when he dies) his soul will be blessed among other souls. The one who solaces a troubled person, Allah      will grant him two such heavenly robes that even the whole world cannot be their price. The person who follows the bier till the burial is completed, Allah      will write three QÄŤrÄ áš­ in reward for him and one QÄŤrÄ áš­ is bigger than the UḼud mountain. The one who provides for an orphan or a widow, Allah      will give him a place under the shade of His â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Arsh and grant him Paradise. The one who observes fast or gives food to the poor and follows a funeral procession and visits a patient, sin will not reach him.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;1

THE EXCELLENCE OF PROVIDING FOR THE ORPHANS

102. It is narrated by SayyidunÄ SufyÄ n Bin â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;UyaynaÄĽ  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;     â&#x20AC;&#x2020; â&#x20AC;&#x2020;' &   ( :  The Beloved and Blessed Prophet    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;I and the person who provides for an orphan, no matter the orphan is a relative or a stranger, will be in Paradise like this.â&#x20AC;&#x2122; Then SayyidunÄ SufyÄ n Bin â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;UyaynaÄĽ  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;     â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020; ' &   ( made a gesture 2 with his fingers, [indicating closeness].  103. It is narrated by SayyidunÄ AbĹŤ ĤurayraÄĽ   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020; B  ( that the  Holy Prophet    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;Ů&#x2013;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;The best home among the houses of the Muslims is the one in which the orphan is treated

1

Al-Muâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;jam-ul-Awsaáš­, vol. 6, pp. 429, ḤadÄŤĹĄ 9292

2

Al-Adab-ul-Mufrid, pp. 58, Ḥadčť 133


Islamic Manners

31

well, and the worst home amongst the houses of the Muslims  is the one in which the orphan is ill-treated.â&#x20AC;&#x2122; He    Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   then said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;I and the one who provides for an orphan will be  like this in Paradise.â&#x20AC;&#x2122; And the Beloved Prophet    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   put his index and middle fingers together [to show closeness].1  104. SayyidunÄ AbĹŤ MĹŤsÄ Ashâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;arÄŤ   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( has narrated that the B  Holy Prophet    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Satan does not come near the dining-mat, at which an orphan is present.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;2  105. It is narrated by SayyidunÄ AbĹŤ ĤurayraÄĽ   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020; B  ( that the  Noble Prophet    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;By the One Who sent me with the truth! On the Judgement Day, Allah      will not torment the person who is merciful to the orphan and treats him with kindness and is merciful to him because of his orphanage and vulnerability. And he does not show his arrogance to his neighbour due to the wealth bestowed on him by the grace of Allah      .â&#x20AC;&#x2122;3  106. SayyidunÄ AbĹŤ UmÄ maÄĽ   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( has narrated that the Holy B Prophet    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013;      )   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;The one who strokes the head of an orphan, Allah      rewards him with one virtue for each hair and the one who provides for an orphan girl or an orphan boy whether they are his relatives or strangers, so he and I will  be in Paradise like this.â&#x20AC;&#x2122; The Blessed Prophet    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   4 then put his thumb and index finger together.  107. SayyidunÄ AbĹŤ ĤurayraÄĽ   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( has narrated that a person B  complained to the Noble Prophet    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   about the

1

Al-Adab-ul-Mufrid, pp 58, Ḥadčť 137

2

Majmaâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;-uz-ZawÄ id, vol. 8, pp. 293, ḤadÄŤĹĄ 13512

3

Al-Muâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;jam-ul-Awsaáš­, vol. 6, pp. 296, ḤadÄŤĹĄ 8828

4

Shuâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ab-ul-ÄŞmÄ n lil BayÄĽaqÄŤ, vol. 7, pp. 472, ḤadÄŤĹĄ 11036


Islamic Manners

32

hardness of his heart, so the Holy Prophet    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;If you want your heart to be softened, then feed the MasÄ kÄŤn and stroke the orphansâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; heads affectionately.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;1  108. SayyidunÄ MÄ lik Bin â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Amr QushayrÄŤ   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( has narrated B  that the Merciful Prophet    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;The one who provides for an orphan Muslim till the orphan is self-sufficient, Allah      surely makes Paradise WÄ jib for him.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;2

109. SayyidunÄ Jabr AnášŁÄ rÄŤ  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;     â&#x20AC;&#x2020; â&#x20AC;&#x2020;' &   ( has reported from his father that once a boy saw the Holy Prophet    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  in Masjid  and said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;YÄ RasĹŤlallÄ ÄĽ    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   ! Peace be upon you! I am an orphan boy and I have a poor and dependent mother. Whatever Allah      has bestowed on you, kindly give us a little out of that! Allah      wants your pleasure till you are pleased.â&#x20AC;&#x2122; The Prophet of RaḼmaÄĽ, the Intercessor of UmmaÄĽ,  the Owner of JannaÄĽ    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013;      )   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   replied, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;O boy! Repeat what you have said, as you talk like an angel.â&#x20AC;&#x2122; The boy repeated what he had said. Then the Beloved Prophet    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013;      )   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Bring whatever is available in the house of Ä&#x20AC;l-e-RasĹŤl.â&#x20AC;&#x2122; Therefore, food grain was brought which was more than a  handful but less than two. The Noble Prophet    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;Ů&#x2013;      )   â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;O boy! Take this. It has two times meal for you, your mother and your sister. I will keep helping you by praying to bless this meal.â&#x20AC;&#x2122; The boy left and reached the gate of Masjid where he came  across SayyidunÄ Saâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;d Bin AbÄŤ WaqÄ ášŁ   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( who stroke B his head affectionately. The narrator said that it is not known  whether he gave him something or not. When he   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( B 1

Shuâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ab-ul-ÄŞmÄ n lil BayÄĽaqÄŤ, vol. 7, pp. 472, ḤadÄŤĹĄ 11034

2

Al-Muâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;jam-ul-KabÄŤr, vol. 19, pp. 300, ḤadÄŤĹĄ 669


33

Islamic Manners

was present before the Holy Prophet    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013;      )   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   , the  Most Blessed Prophet    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;When you met the orphan boy, did I not see you stroking his head with  affection? SayyidunÄ Saâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;d Bin AbÄŤ WaqÄ ášŁ   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( said, B  â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Why not!â&#x20AC;&#x2122; The Holy Prophet    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Each hair you touched on his head will bring you a reward.â&#x20AC;&#x2122; We have learnt from this ḤadÄŤĹĄ that stroking the head of an orphan is MustaḼab.

THE EXCELLENCE OF UPBRINGING & SPENDING ON ORPHAN CHILDREN TILL THEY ARE GROWNUP

110.

It is narrated by Umm-ul-Mu`minÄŤn SayyidatunÄ â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Ä&#x20AC;ishaÄĽ  ᚢiddÄŤqaÄĽ  > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;     â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020; B  ( that the Prophet of RaḼmaÄĽ, the  Intercessor of UmmaÄĽ    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   has said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;The one who Ů? Ů&#x2018;Ů° 9Ů?Ů&#x2018;Ů&#x17D; â&#x20AC;Ť ا Ů° Ů&#x17D;Ů?Ů&#x201E; اâ&#x20AC;Ź9Ů&#x17D; â&#x20AC;&#x2122;, then he will fosters a child until he is able to say â&#x20AC;&#x2DC; â&#x20AC;ŤŘ§â&#x20AC;Ź not be held accountable by Allah      .1â&#x20AC;&#x2122; 2

THE EXCELLENCE OF GOOD MANNERS 111.

 SayyidunÄ â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;AbdullÄ ÄĽ Bin YazÄŤd Khaáš­mÄŤ   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( has narrated B  that the Beloved and Blessed RasĹŤl    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   has said, 3 â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Every good act is ᚢadaqaÄĽ (charity).â&#x20AC;&#x2122;

Commenting on this ḤadÄŤĹĄ, SayyidunÄ â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;AllÄ maÄĽ â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Abdur RaĹŤf MunÄ wÄŤ  . ŰĄ â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020; ' - , (â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ŰĄ   has said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;This ḤadÄŤĹĄ refers to all children in general whether they are orphans or offspring of oneself or those of anyone else.â&#x20AC;&#x2122; (Fayá¸?-ul-QadÄŤr, vol. 6, pp. 174, TaḼt Al-ḤadÄŤĹĄ, 8696) 1

2

Al-Muâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;jam-ul-Awsaáš­, vol. 3, pp. 370, ḤadÄŤĹĄ 4865

3

Al-Musnad lil ImÄ m AḼmad Bin Ḥanbal, vol. 6, pp. 454, ḤadÄŤĹĄ 18766


Islamic Manners

34

112.

 SayyidunÄ â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;AbdullÄ ÄĽ Bin Masâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ĹŤd   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020; B  ( narrated that the  Holy Prophet    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   has said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Every goodness is ᚢadaqaÄĽ whether done to a rich or to a poor.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;1

113.

 SayyidunÄ AbĹŤ MĹŤsÄ Ashâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;arÄŤ   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( has narrated that the B Prophet of mankind, the Peace of our heart and mind, the  most Generous and Kind    Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Good and evil are created for human being. Both will be made to stand on the Judgement Day. The good deed will give good news to its doers and will promise the goodness, whereas the evil deed will say to its doers, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Stay away!â&#x20AC;&#x2122; But they will not be able to do so and will cling to their evil deed.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;2

114.

 It is narrated by SayyidunÄ AbĹŤ ĤurayraÄĽ   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( that the B  Most Dignified Prophet    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;The people doing righteous deeds in the world will also be upright people in the Hereafter and the people doing evil deed in the world will be evil in Hereafter.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;3

115.

 It is narrated by SayyidunÄ AbĹŤ ĤurayraÄĽ   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( that the B Noble Prophet    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Do you know what a lion says at the time of roaring?â&#x20AC;&#x2122; The blessed companions   Ů&#x2013;     > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; â&#x20AC;&#x2020; B   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    ( said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Allah      and His Prophet   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;     know the best.â&#x20AC;&#x2122; The Beloved and Blessed Prophet   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;The lion says: â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;O Allah  1    ! Inflict me not upon a righteous person!â&#x20AC;&#x2122;4

116.

 SayyidunÄ JÄ bir Bin â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;AbdullÄ ÄĽ   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( narrated the Beloved B  Prophet    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   as saying, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;If charity passes through

1

Al-Muâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;jam-ul-KabÄŤr, vol. 10, pp. 90, ḤadÄŤĹĄ 10047

2

Al-Musnad lil ImÄ m AḼmad Bin Ḥanbal, vol. 7, pp. 123, ḤadÄŤĹĄ 19504

3

Al-Muâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;jam-ul-Awsaáš­, vol. 1, pp. 156, ḤadÄŤĹĄ 156

4

Al-Firdaus Bi-MÄ ĹĄĹŤr-ul-Khaáš­áš­Ä b, vol. 1, pp. 297, ḤadÄŤĹĄ 2155


Islamic Manners

35

70 thousand hands, its reward for the last person would be equal to that of the first person giving charity.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;1 117.

 SayyidunÄ AbĹŤ ĤurayraÄĽ   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( reported the Holy Prophet B     â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   as saying, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Every day after the sunrise, each joint of the human body owes ᚢadaqaÄĽ. If you make a just decision between two persons, it is ᚢadaqaÄĽ. If you help someone mount his ride, it is also ᚢadaqaÄĽ. If you help someone load his luggage on a ride, it is also ᚢadaqaÄĽ. Saying something good is also ᚢadaqaÄĽ. Every step taken to perform ᚢalÄ ÄĽ is also ᚢadaqaÄĽ. And removing troublesome thing from the path is also ᚢadaqaÄĽ.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;2

118.

 SayyidunÄ Ubayy Bin Kaâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;b   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( has narrated that the B  Prophet of RaḼmaÄĽ   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   passed by me while I  was with a person. The Great Prophet   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;O Ubayy! Who is this?â&#x20AC;&#x2122; I said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;He is my debtor. I am asking  him to pay my debt.â&#x20AC;&#x2122; The Noble Prophet    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;O Ubayy! Treat him in a good manner.â&#x20AC;&#x2122; Saying this, the Holy  Prophet    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   left. When the Beloved and Blessed  Prophet    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   passed by me again, the person was not  with me. The Noble Prophet    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   asked, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;O Ubayy! How did you behave with your brother who owes you?â&#x20AC;&#x2122; I said,  â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;YÄ RasĹŤlallÄ ÄĽ    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   ! He was not able to pay the debt. So I have forgiven one third of my debt for Allahâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s sake, one third for your sake and the rest one third for the belief of monotheism I have been blessed with. The Noble Prophet    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    (happily) said three times, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;May Allah      have mercy on you, we are ordained to do the same.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;

1

Al-Firdaus Bi-MÄ ĹĄĹŤr-ul-Khaáš­áš­Ä b, vol. 2, pp. 199, ḤadÄŤĹĄ 5128

2

ᚢaḼčḼ Muslim, pp. 504, Ḥadčť 1009


36

Islamic Manners

Then the Prophet of RaḼmaÄĽ    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;O Ubayy! Undoubtedly, Allah  1    has created some people among human beings to do righteous deeds. Righteousness and good deeds are their favourites. The attainment of righteousness had been made easy for those who were keen to do righteous deeds and they were showered with blessings. Hence the example of the desirous of virtues is like the rain which Allah  1    showers upon barren and drought-affected land, blessing the earth and its habitants with life. Without doubt, Allah  1    has also created the enemies of goodness among human beings. Goodness and the good deeds were made hateful to them. They were restrained from seeking righteousness. Their example is like the rain which Allah  1    stopped showering on barren and drought-affected land, causing the earth and its habitants to be doomed.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;1

EXCELLENCE OF DOING GOOD DEEDS 119.

 SayyidunÄ JÄ bir   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( has narrated that the Beloved B    Prophet    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   said: â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Allah      has sent me to teach the most excellent example of best manners and good deeds.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;2

 B 120. SayyidunÄ JÄ bir   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( has narrated that the Noble Prophet    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   has said: â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Indeed, Allah      likes good and noble deeds, and dislikes evil deeds.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;3

121.

 SayyidunÄ â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;UĹĄmÄ n Ibn â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;AffÄ n   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( has narrated that the B  Holy Prophet    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   has said: â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;There are 117 good

1

Al-MawsĹŤâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;aÄĽ li Ibn Abid DunyÄ , vol. 4, pp. 141, ḤadÄŤĹĄ 4

2

Al-Muâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;jam-ul-Awsaáš­, vol. 5, pp. 153, ḤadÄŤĹĄ 6705

3

Shuâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ab-ul-ÄŞmÄ n lil BayÄĽaqÄŤ, vol. 6, pp. 241, ḤadÄŤĹĄ 8012


Islamic Manners

37

manners before Allah      . The person who adopts any one of them, Allah      will indeed grant him the Paradise.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;1  122. SayyidunÄ AbĹŤ Saâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ÄŤd KhudrÄŤ   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( has narrated that the B  Beloved Prophet    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;There is a LauḼ [a type of sacred tablet] before Allah      on which 315 manners are inscribed. Allah      says: â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;The one who acts upon any one of them and does not associate partner with Me, I will grant him Paradise.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;2

123. It is narrated that the Beloved Prophet    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;There are 333 characteristics of faith (ÄŞmÄ n). Whosoever acts upon even one of them will enter Paradise.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;3

CONDEMNATION OF OPPRESSING A MUSLIM  124. It is narrated by SayyidunÄ â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;UqbaÄĽ Bin â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Ä&#x20AC;mir   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020; B  ( that  the Noble Prophet    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;When you see that Allah      is bestowing favours upon a bondman despite his sins, then this is a respite for him from Allah      .â&#x20AC;&#x2122; He     â&#x20AC;&#x2020;Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   then recited the following verse:

   B B ŰĄ B Ů° & Y[1 ./XW YŰĄ Z J V  % TU! #QRS' Ů&#x2013; % ŰĄ  G& #$ ŰĄ  O # ' ۤ  % e f ) g ' =dd: b ŰĄ   cB $ TŰĄ  a & # ' _^ L `B % TŰĄ UDŮ° 2B 3 ۤ ŰĄ  ]ŰĄ  # % ŰĄ 1 '   ŰĄ B Ů°  B B =dm:   Ů°     l jk B i 9  ./ ŰĄ  h ( ŰĄ?2   B g 1

Musnad AbÄŤ DÄ wĹŤd ᚏiyÄ lsÄŤ, Al-Juz-ul-Awwal, pp. 14, ḤadÄŤĹĄ: â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;UĹĄmÄ n Bin â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;AffÄ n

2

â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Umda-tul-QÄ rÄŤ SharaḼ ᚢaḼčḼ BukhÄ rÄŤ, vol. 1, pp. 196, TaḼt Al-ḤadÄŤĹĄ 9

3

Maâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;rifat-uᚣ-ᚢaá¸ĽÄ baÄĽ li AbÄŤ Naâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ÄŤm, vol. 3, pp. 328, Raqm 1943, Ubayd AbĹŤ â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Abdur RaḼmÄ n, ḤadÄŤĹĄ 4806


Islamic Manners

38

Then when they forget that with which they were admonished. We opened unto them the gates of all things, until when they became delighted at what they were given, then We seized them suddenly, now they were left in despair. Then the root of the unjust was cut off; and all praise belongs to Allah, the Rab of all the worlds.1 [Kanz-ul-ÄŞmÄ n (Translation of Quran)] (Part 7, SĹŤraÄĽ Al-Anâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;Ä m, verse 44, 45)  125. SayyidunÄ â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;AmmÄ r Bin YÄ sir   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( has said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;To become B disappointed with the blessings of Allah      , to give up hope of getting help from Him and to become unafraid of His hidden plan are indeed major sins.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;2  126. It is narrated by SayyidunÄ KhuzaymaÄĽ Bin Ĺ Ä bit   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( B  that the Most Beloved Prophet    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Refrain from the curse of the oppressed, as it is listened above the skies and Allah      says: â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;(O oppressed!) By My majesty and Honour! I will help you indeed, although, with a short delay.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;3  127. SayyidunÄ AbĹŤ ĤurayraÄĽ   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( said that the Prophet of B RaḼmaÄĽ, the Intercessor of UmmaÄĽ, the Owner of the JannaÄĽ     â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Refrain from the curse of the oppressed even if he is an unbeliever because his unbelief is with his own being.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;4

1

Al-Musnad lil ImÄ m AḼmad Bin Ḥanbal, vol. 6, pp. 122, ḤadÄŤĹĄ 17313

2

Shuâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ab-ul-ÄŞmÄ n lil BayÄĽaqÄŤ, vol. 2, pp. 20, ḤadÄŤĹĄ 105

3

Al-Muâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;jam-ul-KabÄŤr, vol. 4, pp. 84, ḤadÄŤĹĄ 3718

4

Attarghčb Wattarļčb, vol. 3, pp. 142, Ḥadčť 3415


Islamic Manners

39

 128. SayyidunÄ JÄ bir   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;B  ( has narrated that the Blessed RasĹŤl     â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Cruelty will be darkness on the Day of Judgement.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;1  129. SayyidunÄ Ibn â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;AbbÄ s   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( has narrated that the Holy B    Prophet    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Your Rab      says, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;By My Majesty and Honour! I will take revenge on oppressor sooner or later and I will also take revenge on the one who found an oppressed but did not help him despite having ability to do so.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;2

EXCELLENCE OF MAKING PERMISSIBLE RECOMMENDATION FOR A MUSLIM BROTHER  130. SayyidunÄ AbĹŤ MĹŤsÄ Ashâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;arÄŤ   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( narrated that RasĹŤlullÄ ÄĽ B     â&#x20AC;&#x2020;Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;When a needy comes, intercede for him so that you get reward; and Allah      will have whatever decision He      wants be pronounced by the tongue of His  3 Prophet    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   .â&#x20AC;&#x2122;

131.

 SayyidunÄ SamuraÄĽ Bin Jundab   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020; B  ( has narrated that  the Beloved Prophet    Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;The nicest charity is  the charity of the tongue.â&#x20AC;&#x2122; The blessed companions  > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; â&#x20AC;&#x2020;B  (  asked, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;YÄ RasĹŤlallÄ ÄĽ    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   ! What is meant by the  charity of the tongue?â&#x20AC;&#x2122; He    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   replied, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Your intercession whereby you get a prisoner freed, save someoneâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s life and convey good to your brother and remove any trouble from him.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;4

1

ᚢaḼčḼ Muslim, pp. 1394, Ḥadčť 2578

2

Al-Muâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;jam-ul-Awsaáš­, vol. 1, pp. 20, ḤadÄŤĹĄ 36

3

ᚢaḼčḼ BukhÄ rÄŤ, vol. 1, pp. 483, ḤadÄŤĹĄ 1432

4

Shuâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ab-ul-ÄŞmÄ n, vol. 6, pp. 124, ḤadÄŤĹĄ 7683-7683


40

Islamic Manners

 132. Umm-ul-Mu`minÄŤn SayyidatunÄ â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Ä&#x20AC;ishaÄĽ ᚢiddÄŤqaÄĽ  > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;     â&#x20AC;&#x2020; â&#x20AC;&#x2020;B  (  has narrated that the Most Dignified Prophet   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;The one who approaches the king about a good deed of his Muslim brother or about easing his trouble, Allah      will help him on the day when his steps would be wobbling in crossing the ᚢirÄ áš­ bridge.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;1

133.

 SayyidunÄ AbĹŤ Saâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ÄŤd KhudrÄŤ   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( narrated that the B  Beloved and Blessed Prophet    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;It is a big Jihad (holy war) to speak the truth before a cruel ruler.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;2

THE EXCELLENCE OF HELPING A MUSLIM AND PROTECTING HIS HONOUR  134. SayyidunÄ AbĹŤ DardÄ   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( narrated that the Noble Prophet B     â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Whoever protects the honour of his Muslim brother will be protected by Allah      from hellfire  on the Day of Judgement.â&#x20AC;&#x2122; The Holy Prophet    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   then recited the following verse:

^ ŰĄ B B =dp:  Q A o  H nB D #Q !ŰĄ  #g1 b# V And it is incumbent upon Our mercy, to help the Muslims.3 [Kanz-ul-ÄŞmÄ n (Translation of Quran)] (Part 21, SĹŤraÄĽ Ar-RĹŤm, verse 47)  135. SayyidunÄ â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;ImrÄ n Bin Ḥaᚣčn   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( narrated that the Noble B  Prophet    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;One who is able to help his brother

1

Al-Muâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;jam-ul-Awsaáš­, vol. 2, pp. 374, ḤadÄŤĹĄ 3577

2

Sunan-ut-Tirmişč, vol. 4, pp. 72, Ḥadčť 2181

3

MishkÄ t-ul-MaášŁÄ bčḼ, vol. 2, pp. 215, ḤadÄŤĹĄ 4982


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41

and he does so in his absence will be helped by Allah      in the world and in the Hereafter.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;1  136. SayyidunÄ Anas Bin MÄ lik   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( narrated that the Beloved B  Prophet    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;One who helps his brother in his absence will be helped by Allah      in the world and in the Hereafter.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;2

137.

SayyidunÄ JÄ bir Bin â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;AbdullÄ ÄĽ and SayyidunÄ AbĹŤ ᚏalḼaÄĽ    > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; â&#x20AC;&#x2020;B  ( have narrated that the Beloved and Blessed Prophet    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;One who does not help his Muslim brother at the place where he is being insulted, Allah      also does not help him at the place where he needs help. And the one who helps any Muslim at the place where he is being insulted and his honour is being tarnished, Allah      helps him (i.e. the helping person) at the place where he needs help.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;3

 138. SayyidunÄ SaÄĽl Bin Muâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;Ä Ĺź Bin Anas JuÄĽanÄŤ   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( narrated B  from his father that the Noble Prophet    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;One who protects the honour of a Muslim from a hypocrite who speaks ill of him behind his back, Allah      will send an angel towards him (on the Judgement Day) who will save him from Hellfire. And whoever says something to humiliate and disgrace a Muslim will be prevented by Allah      on the bridge of Hell until he is relieved of what he said (i.e. he provides any proof).â&#x20AC;&#x2122;4

1

Al-BaḼr-uz-ZakhÄ r Al-Maâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;rĹŤf Ba-Musnad-ul-BazzÄ r, vol. 9, pp. 31, ḤadÄŤĹĄ 3542

2

Shuâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ab-ul-ÄŞmÄ n lil BayÄĽaqÄŤ, vol. 6, pp. 111, ḤadÄŤĹĄ 7637

3

Sunan AbÄŤ DÄ wĹŤd, vol. 4, pp. 355, ḤadÄŤĹĄ 4884

4

Al-Muâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;jam-ul-KabÄŤr, vol. 2, pp. 194, ḤadÄŤĹĄ 433


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Islamic Manners

THE EXCELLENCE OF SHOWING AFFECTION FOR PEOPLE  139. SayyidunÄ AbĹŤ ĤurayraÄĽ   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( narrated that the Noble B Prophet    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;After faith, the best deed is to show affection for people.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;1  140. SayyidunÄ â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;AbdullÄ ÄĽ Bin â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Umar -   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; â&#x20AC;&#x2020;B  ( narrated that the  Holy Prophet    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Spending wisely is half economy, showing affection for people is half wisdom and asking a good question is half of learning.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;2

141.

 B SayyidunÄ JÄ bir   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( narrated that the Prophet of RaḼmaÄĽ, the Intercessor of UmmaÄĽ, the Owner of JannaÄĽ    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Meeting people with courtesy is ᚢadaqaÄĽ 3 (charity).â&#x20AC;&#x2122;

THE EXCELLENCE OF HELPING MUJÄ&#x20AC;ĤIDÄŞN  142. SayyidunÄ Zayd Bin KhÄ lid   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020; B  ( has stated, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;One who makes provisions available to a MujÄ ÄĽid will be granted the reward like that of a MujÄ ÄĽid and one who provides for the family of a MujÄ ÄĽid will also be granted the reward like that of a MujÄ ÄĽid.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;4  143. SayyidunÄ Zayd Bin KhÄ lid   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( narrated that the Beloved B  and Blessed Mustafa    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;One who makes provisions available to a MujÄ ÄĽid going for Jihad, so indeed he himself does Jihad; and one who takes care of a MujÄ ÄĽidâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s

1

JÄ miâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;-ul-Aá¸ĽÄ dÄŤĹĄ lis SuyĹŤáš­ÄŤ, vol. 2, pp. 13, ḤadÄŤĹĄ 3495

2

Shuâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ab-ul-ÄŞmÄ n lil BayÄĽaqÄŤ, vol. 5, pp. 254, ḤadÄŤĹĄ 6568

3

SharaḼ ᚢaḼčḼ BukhÄ rÄŤ li Ibn Biáš­Ä l, vol. 9, pp. 305

4

ᚢaḼčḼ Ibn ḤibbÄ n, vol. 7, pp. 71, ḤadÄŤĹĄ 4613


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family well, he will also be granted the reward equal to the reward of a MujÄ ÄĽid.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;1

THE EXCELLENCE OF HELPING A HAJJ PILGRIM AND SERVE HIM AT IFTAR  B 144. SayyidunÄ Zayd Bin KhÄ lid   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( narrated that the  Prophet Muhammad    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;One who serves a fasting Muslim with Ifáš­Ä r or makes provisions available to a MujÄ ÄĽid for Jihad will be granted the reward (of fasting & Jihad), and their reward will not also be decreased.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;2  145. SayyidunÄ JÄ bir   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( reported that the Beloved Prophet B       â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Allah      will make three persons enter Paradise due to one Hajj: (i) The deceased person, (ii) the one who performs Hajj on behalf of the deceased and (iii) the one who fulfils the will of the deceased.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;3  146. SayyidunÄ SalmÄ n FÄ rsÄŤ   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( reported that the Beloved B Mustafa    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  said: â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;If anyone serves a fasting Muslim with Ifáš­Ä r with his ḤalÄ l earnings, angels will keep praying for his forgiveness throughout Ramadan and JibrÄ ÄŤl 64  5 â&#x20AC;&#x2020;     will shake hands with him at Layla-tul-Qadr. And when JibrÄ ÄŤl 64  5 â&#x20AC;&#x2020;     shakes hands with someone, his heart becomes soft and his tears increase.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;  Someone asked, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;YÄ RasĹŤlallÄ ÄĽ    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   ! What if someone doesnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t have the means to do so?â&#x20AC;&#x2122; The Prophet of RaḼmaÄĽ    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;No matter if there is only one morsel or a piece of bread.â&#x20AC;&#x2122; Another person asked: â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;YÄ RasĹŤlallÄ ÄĽ 1

ᚢaḼčḼ Muslim, pp. 1050, Ḥadčť 1895

2

Al-Muᚣannaf li Ibn Abč Shaybaļ, vol. 4, pp. 599, Ḥadčť 251

3

Al-Sunan-ul-KubrÄ lil-BayÄĽaqÄŤ, vol. 5, pp. 293, ḤadÄŤĹĄ 9855


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44

   â&#x20AC;&#x2020;Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   !

What if someone doesnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t even have the means  to do so?â&#x20AC;&#x2122; The Noble Prophet    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;No matter if there is only one milk beverage.â&#x20AC;&#x2122; Someone else said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;What if someone doesnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t have the means to do this too?â&#x20AC;&#x2122; The  Beloved Prophet    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;He should at least have a fasting person do Ifáš­Ä r with a mouthful of water (so that he gets this reward).â&#x20AC;&#x2122;

THE EXCELLENCE OF SHOWING AFFECTION FOR CHILDREN, RESPECTING ELDERS, AND SCHOLARS  147. SayyidunÄ â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;UbÄ daÄĽ Bin áš˘Ä mit   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( has reported that he B  heard the Beloved Prophet    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   saying, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;The one who does not respect our elders, does not show affection for our young ones, and does not honour our scholars, is not from my UmmaÄĽ.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;1

148. SayyidunÄ áš˘abÄ á¸Ľ  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;     â&#x20AC;&#x2020; â&#x20AC;&#x2020;' & ( has reported from his grandfather that the Beloved and Blessed Prophet    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;The respect for a white-haired Muslim and (a scholar or á¸¤Ä fiáş&#x201C; of) the Quran who neither does something to excess in the Quran nor avoids it, is in fact the respect for Allah      .â&#x20AC;&#x2122;2  149. It is reported by SayyidunÄ Anas Bin MÄ lik   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( that the B   Noble Prophet    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;Ů&#x2013; â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;If a young person respects an elderly person due to his age, Allah      will make others honour him in return.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;3

1

Al-Musnad lil ImÄ m AḼmad Bin Ḥanbal, vol. 8, pp. 412, ḤadÄŤĹĄ 22819

2

Sunan AbÄŤ DÄ wĹŤd, vol. 4, pp. 344, ḤadÄŤĹĄ 4843

3

Sunan-ut-Tirmişč, vol. 3, pp. 411, Ḥadčť 29, 20


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Islamic Manners

THE EXCELLENCE OF MAKING SPACE FOR SCHOLARS IN A GATHERING  150. SayyidunÄ AbĹŤ ĤurayraÄĽ   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( narrated that the Holy B Prophet    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Extend your gatherings [i.e. make space] for a scholar due to his knowledge, for an elderly person due to his age and for the ruler due to his status.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;1

THE EXCELLENCE OF OFFERING A PILLOW TO A MUSLIM BROTHER 151.

 It is reported by SayyidunÄ Anas Bin MÄ lik   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( that B  SayyidunÄ SalmÄ n FÄ rsÄŤ   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;B  ( once went to meet AmÄŤr-ul Mu`minÄŤn, SayyidunÄ â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Umar FÄ rĹŤq   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( who was sitting B  at that time, leaning on a pillow. He   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( offered that B  pillow to SayyidunÄ SalmÄ n FÄ rsÄŤ   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( so SayyidunÄ B Ů&#x17D; Ů&#x17D; ŰĄ Ů&#x2018;Ů° Ů&#x17D; Ů?  SalmÄ n FÄ rsÄŤ   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;â&#x20AC;Ť !ا اŮ&#x192;بâ&#x20AC;ŹWhat the Prophet of B  RaḼmaÄĽ    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   has said is the truth indeed.â&#x20AC;&#x2122; AmÄŤr-ul Mu`minÄŤn, SayyidunÄ â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Umar FÄ rĹŤq   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020; B  ( said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;O AbĹŤ â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;AbdullÄ ÄĽ! Do let me know what the Most Dignified Prophet    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   said.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;  SayyidunÄ SalmÄ n FÄ rsÄŤ   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;I once went to the B  court of the Beloved and Blessed Mustafa    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   . At  that time, he    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   was sitting, leaning on a pillow.  He    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   gave me that pillow and said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;If a Muslim goes to meet his brother and he offers his pillow to him in his honour, Allah      will forgive him.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;2

1

Kanz-ul-â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;UmmÄ l, vol. 9, pp. 66, ḤadÄŤĹĄ 25495

2

Al-Mustadrak lil á¸¤Ä kim, vol. 4, pp. 783, ḤadÄŤĹĄ 6601


46

Islamic Manners

 152. It is narrated by SayyidunÄ â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;AbdullÄ ÄĽ Bin â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Umar -   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;B  (  that the Holy Prophet    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Three things should not be returned: perfume, pillow and milk.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;1

THE EXCELLENCE OF GIVING FOOD  153. SayyidunÄ â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;AbdullÄ ÄĽ Bin SalÄ m   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( narrated that when B  the Holy Prophet   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   came to MadÄŤnaÄĽ, a large number of people rushed to see him. I also came out to have a glimpse of him. As I saw the luminous face of the Merciful  Prophet   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   , I felt sure that this is not the face of a liar. The first thing I heard from the Prophet of RaḼmaÄĽ, the  Intercessor of UmmaÄĽ   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   was to give food, spread SalÄ m, treat your relatives well and offer ᚢalÄ ÄĽ when people are asleep; you will enter Paradise peacefully.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;2  154. SayyidunÄ â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;UbÄ daÄĽ Bin áš˘Ä mit   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( narrated that a person B  came to the Noblest Prophet    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   and said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Which  deeds are preferable? The Holy Prophet    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   said: â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;To have faith in Allah      , to testify His Oneness, to do Jihad in the path of Allah      and accepted Hajj.â&#x20AC;&#x2122; When the  person was leaving, the Most Dignified Prophet    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;Ů&#x2013;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   called him and said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Giving food and talking politely are comparatively easier.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;3  155. SayyidunÄ â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Amr Bin AbsaÄĽ   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( narrated: I once went B  to the blessed court of the Beloved Prophet   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   and asked humbly, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;What is Islam.â&#x20AC;&#x2122; The Merciful Prophet    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   replied, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;To give food and to talk politely.â&#x20AC;&#x2122; I

1

Sunan-ut-Tirmişč, vol. 4, pp. 362, Ḥadčť 2799

2

Sunan-ut-Tirmişč, vol. 4, pp. 219, Ḥadčť 2493

3

Majmaâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;-uz-ZawÄ id, vol. 1, pp. 224-225, ḤadÄŤĹĄ 201-202


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asked, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;What is faith?â&#x20AC;&#x2122; The Prophet of RaḼmaÄĽ, the Intercessor  of UmmaÄĽ   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   replied, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;To have patience and to show generosity.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;1  156. SayyidunÄ áš˘uhayb Bin SinÄ n   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( narrated that he heard B  the Beloved and Blessed RasĹŤl    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   saying, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;A better person among you is the one who feeds food [to others].â&#x20AC;&#x2122;2

157. SayyidunÄ JÄ bir

   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020; B    (

has reported: The Noble Prophet said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;To feed food to a hungry Muslim is one of the means of forgiveness. Allah      says:     â&#x20AC;&#x2020;Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  

ŰĄ =;dŰ&#x2122; : _W c `ŰĄ $ uŰĄ & W ŰĄ  ? sŰĄ  t 0r Ů° q ŰĄ Or the feeding on a day of hunger3 [Kanz-ul-ÄŞmÄ n (Translation of Quran)] (Part 30, SĹŤraÄĽ Al-Balad, verse 14)

158. SayyidunÄ ShurčḼ  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;     â&#x20AC;&#x2020; â&#x20AC;&#x2020;' &   ( has narrated from his grandfather,  â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;The Most Beloved Prophet    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;To feed food and to spread SalÄ m are also the means of forgiveness.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;4  159. It is narrated by SayyidunÄ â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;AbdullÄ ÄĽ Bin â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Amr   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;B  ( that the Prophet of mankind, the Peace of our heart and mind, the  most Generous and Kind    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;If a person feeds food and gives water to his Muslim brother until he is sated, Allah      will move the feeding person as far away

1

Majmaâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;-uz-ZawÄ id, vol. 1, pp. 227, ḤadÄŤĹĄ 210

2

Al-Musnad lil ImÄ m AḼmad Bin Ḥanbal, vol. 9, pp. 240, ḤadÄŤĹĄ 23981

3

Al-Mustadrak lil á¸¤Ä kim, vol. 3, pp. 372, ḤadÄŤĹĄ 399

4

Al-Muâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;jam-ul-KabÄŤr, vol. 22, pp. 180, ḤadÄŤĹĄ 469


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from Hell as the distance of seven ditches. The distance between two ditches is 100 years.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;1  160. Umm-ul-Mu`minÄŤn SayyidatunÄ â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Ä&#x20AC;ishaÄĽ ᚢiddÄŤqaÄĽ  > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;     â&#x20AC;&#x2020; â&#x20AC;&#x2020;B  ( has reported that the Prophet of RaḼmaÄĽ, the Intercessor of  UmmaÄĽ    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   has said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;As long as the dining-mat of a person is laid, the angels keep praying for his forgiveness.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;2

161.

 SayyidunÄ JÄ bir   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( has reported that the Merciful Prophet B       â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;To Allah      , the most favourite food is the one being eaten by more people.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;3

 162. SayyidunÄ Anas Bin MÄ lik   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( has reported that the B  Beloved Mustafa    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Goodness reaches the house where guests are present faster than even the knife run in the hump.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;4  163. It is reported by SayyidunÄ Anas Bin MÄ lik   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( that the B  Beloved and Blessed Prophet    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;The person who arranges to satisfy the hunger of his Muslim brother and gives him food till he is full will be forgiven by Allah      .â&#x20AC;&#x2122;5  164. SayyidunÄ JÄ bir Bin â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;AbdullÄ ÄĽ   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( has reported that B  the Noble Prophet    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;The one who feeds a hungry person will be given a place by Allah      under the shade of His â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Arsh.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;6

1

Shuâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ab-ul-ÄŞmÄ n lil BayÄĽaqÄŤ, vol. 22, pp. 180, ḤadÄŤĹĄ 3368

2

Al-Muâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;jam-ul-Awsaáš­, vol. 3, pp. 324, ḤadÄŤĹĄ 4729

3

Al-Musnad AbÄŤ Yaâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;lÄ , vol. 2, pp. 288, ḤadÄŤĹĄ 2041

4

Sunan Ibn MÄ jaÄĽ, vol. 4, pp. 51, ḤadÄŤĹĄ 3356

5

Al-Musnad AbÄŤ Yaâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;lÄ , vol. 3, pp. 214, ḤadÄŤĹĄ 3407

6

TamÄĽÄŤd-ul-Farsh lis SuyĹŤáš­ÄŤ, pp. 8


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 165. It is reported by SayyidunÄ Anas Bin MÄ lik   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;B  ( that the Prophet of RaḼmaÄĽ, the Intercessor of UmmaÄĽ, the Owner of    JannaÄĽ    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Allah      loves the person who satisfies a hungry stomach (i.e. the one who feeds a hungry person).â&#x20AC;&#x2122;1  166. It is reported by SayyidunÄ Anas Bin MÄ lik   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( that the B    Beloved Prophet Muhammad    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Allah      will remove hardships of the Judgement Day from the one who feeds something sweet to his Muslim brother.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;2  167. SayyidunÄ â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;AbdullÄ ÄĽ Bin â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Amr   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( reported that the B  Beloved Prophet    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;In Paradise are indeed palaces, the interior of which is visible from its exterior, and  exterior is visible from the interior.â&#x20AC;&#x2122; The companions   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; â&#x20AC;&#x2020;B  (  asked the Beloved Prophet    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   , â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Who these are   for?â&#x20AC;&#x2122; The Blessed Prophet    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013; â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;These are for the one who talks courteously, gives food and stands before Allah      at night when people are sleeping.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;3  168. SayyidunÄ JÄ bir   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020; B  ( has narrated that someone asked the Prophet of mankind, the Peace of our heart and mind, the  most Generous and Kind    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   : â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Which deed is like  Hajj?â&#x20AC;&#x2122; The Noble Prophet    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;To give food 4 and to talk politely.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;  169. SayyidunÄ Budayl   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( has narrated that the Beloved B  Prophet    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Without doubt, I prefer feeding one morsel to my brother for the pleasure of Allah      to

1

Al-KinÄŤ Wal-AsmÄ , vol. 3, pp. 1188, ḤadÄŤĹĄ 2081

2

Al-Firdaus Bi-MÄ ĹĄĹŤr-ul-Khaáš­áš­Ä b, vol. 2, pp. 281, ḤadÄŤĹĄ 6050

3

Al-Mustadrak lil á¸¤Ä kim, vol. 1, pp. 631, ḤadÄŤĹĄ 1240

4

Al-Sunan-ul-KubrÄ lil BayÄĽaqÄŤ, vol. 5, pp. 430, ḤadÄŤĹĄ 1039


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giving 10 dirham in charity. And I prefer giving 10 dirham in charity to freeing a slave.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;1  170. It is reported by SayyidunÄ AbĹŤ ĤurayraÄĽ   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( the B  Prophet of RaḼmaÄĽ, the Intercessor of UmmaÄĽ    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   has said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Allah      will say on the Day of Judgement: â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;O son of Adam! Why did you not visit Me when I was ill.â&#x20AC;&#x2122; He would say, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;O my Rab      ! How could I visit You, whereas You are Rab of all the worlds.â&#x20AC;&#x2122; Allah      will then say, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Did you not know that My so-and-so bondman had fallen ill and you did not visit him. If you had visited him, you would have found Me with him.â&#x20AC;&#x2122; Allah      will say then, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;O son of Adam! I asked you for food, why did you not feed Me?â&#x20AC;&#x2122; He would say, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;O Allah      ! How would I feed You when You are Rab of all the worlds.â&#x20AC;&#x2122; Allah      will say, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Did My so-and-so bondman not beg food of you? But you did not feed him. Did you not know that if you had fed him, you would have found its reward from Me?â&#x20AC;&#x2122;

Then Allah      will say, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;O son of Adam! I asked you for water, why did you not give Me water to drink?â&#x20AC;&#x2122; He would say, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;O Allah      ! How would I give You water to drink when You are Rab of all the worlds.â&#x20AC;&#x2122; Allah      will say, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Did My so-and-so bondsman not ask you for water? But you did not give him water. If you had given water to him, you would certainly have found its reward from Me.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;2

1

Shuâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ab-ul-ÄŞmÄ n lil BayÄĽaqÄŤ, vol. 7, pp. 100, ḤadÄŤĹĄ 9627

2

ᚢaḼčḼ Muslim, pp. 1389, Ḥadčť 2569


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171.

AmÄŤr-ul-Mu`minÄŤn SayyidunÄ â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;AlÄŤ-ul-Murtaá¸?Ä ŰĄD E ŰĄ â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ŰĄ â&#x20AC;&#x2020;     â&#x20AC;&#x2020; â&#x20AC;&#x2020;6  C said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;I prefer gathering my friends for one áš˘Ä â&#x20AC;&#x2122; food to buying a female-slave from market and freeing her.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;1

 172. It is narrated by SayyidunÄ â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Amr   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( that the wife of B  SayyidunÄ ImÄ m Ḥusayn (  > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( ) sent a message to him, B â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;We have prepared delicious food and fragrance for you. Please bring people of your status when you come.â&#x20AC;&#x2122; SayyidunÄ ImÄ m  Ḥusayn   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( went to a Masjid and gathered all MasÄ kÄŤn B and beggars and took them to home. Women from the neighbourhood came to his wife and said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;By Allah (     )! MasÄ kÄŤn have gathered together in your house.â&#x20AC;&#x2122; Then  SayyidunÄ ImÄ m Ḥusayn   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( came to his wife and said, B â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;I make you swear for the right I have on you that you will not save the food and fragrance.â&#x20AC;&#x2122; She did as was asked. First   he   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    ( fed the MasÄ kÄŤn. Then he   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( clothed and B B perfumed them.  173. SayyidunÄ IsmÄ â&#x20AC;&#x2122;ÄŤl Bin AbĹŤ KhÄ lid   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020; B  ( narrated that  SayyidunÄ â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;AlÄŤ Bin Ḥusayn -   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020; B  ( was riding past some  MasÄ kÄŤn that were eating leftover pieces of bread. He   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( B greeted them with SalÄ m. The MasÄ kÄŤn invited him to eat and  he   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*  ( recited the following verse: â&#x20AC;&#x2020;B

y

^  '  F  6B BF st w^ x  b B  B?  ?  F ( B? 2  e#     

Who do not wish greatness in the land nor turmoil. [Kanz-ul-ÄŞmÄ n (Translation of Quran)] (Part 20, SĹŤraÄĽ Al-Qaᚣaᚣ, verse 83)

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Kanz-ul-â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;UmmÄ l, vol. 5, Juz 9, pp. 118, ḤadÄŤĹĄ 25967


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 He   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020; B  ( then dismounted the ride and had meal with  them. Afterword, he   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;I accepted your invitation. B  Now you accept my invitation.â&#x20AC;&#x2122; Saying this, he   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( took B them to his home and feed them, and gave clothes and dirhams to them.1  174. SayyidunÄ â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Amr Bin DÄŤnÄ r   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020; B  ( narrated that the  dining-mat of SayyidunÄ â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;AbdullÄ ÄĽ Bin â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;AbbÄ s -   >  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020; B  (  was capacious and he   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;B  ( spoke coherently.

175. SayyidunÄ AbĹŤ Bakr QarshÄŤ 7. 8 ŰĄ â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020; ' -  , (â&#x20AC;&#x2020;     narrated: Once crystallized sugar was made for ḤujjÄ j. It was too large to be loaded onto quadrupeds. Then it was carried away on a carriage and brought to the caliph Abdul Malik. The caliph came out of his home and was astonished to see it. He could not decide what to do with it. After a pause, he called one of his servants and said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Take this to SayyidunÄ â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;AbdullÄ ÄĽ Bin  Jaâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;far   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( .â&#x20AC;&#x2122; B  In those days, he   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( was staying at the caliphâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s residence. B  When the huge rock sugar was brought to him, he   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020; B  (  was amazed and people were gathered to watch it. He   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;B  ( asked, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;What is it?â&#x20AC;&#x2122; They replied that it was a huge rock sugar  sent to him by the caliph. He   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( saw such a strange B thing that no one had ever seen before. Pondering for a while, he said to the slave, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Bring leather sheets and axes.â&#x20AC;&#x2122; Therefore,  leather sheets and axes were brought. He   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( then said, B  â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;What each of you gets is yours.â&#x20AC;&#x2122; He   >  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( then stayed there B until the huge rock sugar was broken into pieces completely. When the caliph was informed about it, he was surprised and

1

TafsÄŤr Quráš­ubÄŤ, Surah Al-Qaᚣaᚣ, TaḼt Al-Ä&#x20AC;yaÄĽ 83, vol. 7, pp. 240


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 said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;He [i.e. SayyidunÄ â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;AbdullÄ ÄĽ Bin Jafar   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;B  ( ] is the most knowledgeable about this matter.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;  176. SayyidunÄ â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;UrwaÄĽ   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( said: When I met SayyidunÄ B  Saâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;d Bin â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;UbÄ daÄĽ   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( I heard someone announcing, B â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Whoever desires to have meat and fat should reach the house  of Saâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;d Bin â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;UbÄ daÄĽ.â&#x20AC;&#x2122; SayyidunÄ â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;UrwaÄĽ   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( further B said: I then met his son, Qays, who was also making the same  announcement. SayyidunÄ Saâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;d Bin â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;UbÄ daÄĽ   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( made B Duâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;Ä : â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;O Allah      ! Grant me ability of glorifying You in abundance. Grant me respect which lies in virtuous deeds only, and virtuous deeds are possible by wealth. O Allah      ! I cannot depend on less money nor can it be sufficient for me.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;1  177. SayyidunÄ NÄ fiâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*  ( narrated that SayyidunÄ â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;AbdullÄ ÄĽ â&#x20AC;&#x2020;B  Bin â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Umar -   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020; B  ( used to keep fast and SayyidatunÄ  ᚢafiyaÄĽ Bint-e-â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Ubayd  > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;     â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020; B  ( prepared something for him to eat at Ifáš­Ä r. One day a good-quality pomegranate was brought to her. Mean while, a beggar knocked at the door. He    > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    ( said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Give it to him.â&#x20AC;&#x2122; She said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;For him is something B better than this pomegranate.â&#x20AC;&#x2122; Then SayyidatunÄ áš˘afiyaÄĽ  Bint-e-â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Ubayd  > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;     â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020; B  ( asked me to give the beggar suchand-such thing. Then the pomegranate was presented to  SayyidunÄ â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;AbdullÄ ÄĽ Bin â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Umar -   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020; B  ( again but he    > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    ( said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Take it back and give it to some other beggar B because I have intended to give it in charity.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;  178. SayyidunÄ NÄ fiâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( narrated that SayyidunÄ â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;AbdullÄ ÄĽ B  Bin â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Umar -   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020; B  ( fell ill. So I bought him some grapes for one dirham. As I gave him those grapes, a beggar came  and asked for something to eat. He   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Give them B

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Al-Muᚣannaf li Ibn Abč Shaybaļ, vol. 6, pp. 254, Ḥadčť 13-14


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to the beggar.â&#x20AC;&#x2122; I did as asked. I then sent someone to buy those grapes from the beggar without letting SayyidunÄ â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;AbdullÄ ÄĽ  Bin Umar   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( come to know about it. When the grapes B were presented to him again, the same beggar came again. He    > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    ( said again: â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Give them to him.â&#x20AC;&#x2122; It happened three B times, and each time he ordered us to give the grapes to the beggar. Eventually, people prevented the beggar in such a  way that SayyidunÄ â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;AbdullÄ ÄĽ Bin Umar   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( was not B aware of it.1  179. SayyidunÄ KhayĹĄamaÄĽ   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( has reported that SayyidunÄ B  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020; â&#x20AC;&#x2020; >  HIâ&#x20AC;&#x2020;  called some of his companions, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;ÄŞsÄ Bin Maryam 64 5   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; â&#x20AC;&#x2020; F. G  fed them and stood up to say, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Treat worshippers like this.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;2  180. SayyidunÄ AbĹŤ QubčᚣaÄĽ   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( narrated that SayyidunÄ B  KhayĹĄamaÄĽ   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( always kept a basket of date pie under B his bed. When the reciters of the Holy Quran came to him, he 3    > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    ( served them with it. B

181.

SayyidunÄ Ibn â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Awn  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;     â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020; ' &   ( has said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Whenever we  visited SayyidunÄ Muhammad Bin SirÄŤn   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020; B  ( , he would serve us with date pie and a cold and sweet beverage.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;4

182. SayyidunÄ AbĹŤ KhaldaÄĽ  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;     â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020; ' &   ( has narrated: Once we went to SayyidunÄ Muhammad Bin SirÄŤn  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;     â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020; ' &   ( so he said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;What should I serve to you! All of you may have eaten bread and meat at your homes.â&#x20AC;&#x2122; He  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;     â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020; ' &   ( then called

1

Shuâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ab-ul-ÄŞmÄ n lil BayÄĽaqÄŤ, vol. 3, pp. 259, ḤadÄŤĹĄ 3481

2

Shuâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ab-ul-ÄŞmÄ n lil BayÄĽaqÄŤ, vol. 7, pp. 102, ḤadÄŤĹĄ 9638

3

Ḥilya-tul-AwliyÄ , vol. 4, pp. 121, Raqm 254, ḤadÄŤĹĄ 4974

4

Ḥilya-tul-AwliyÄ , vol. 2, pp. 305, Raqm 193, ḤadÄŤĹĄ 2321


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his maid and asked her to bring honey. After the honey was 1 brought, he  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;     â&#x20AC;&#x2020; â&#x20AC;&#x2020;' & ( served it to us with his own hands. 183. SayyidunÄ IbrÄ ÄĽÄŤm Bin AbÄŤ â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;AblaÄĽ  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;     â&#x20AC;&#x2020; â&#x20AC;&#x2020;' &   ( narrated, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;We  would visit SayyidatunÄ Umm-e-DardÄ  > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;     â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020; B  ( at BÄ b-ul AsbÄ áš­ of Bayt-ul-Muqaddas where she  > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;     â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020; B  ( would tell  us Aá¸ĽÄ dÄŤĹĄ. When we intended to leave, she  > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;     â&#x20AC;&#x2020; â&#x20AC;&#x2020;B  ( would ask for sweet pie and other edible things for us.  184. SayyidunÄ AbĹŤ ĤurayraÄĽ   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( has narrated that the B Beloved and Blessed Prophet    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;When something sweet is served to you, you should have some of it and when perfume is presented to you, do apply a little of it.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;2

185. SayyidunÄ IbrÄ ÄĽÄŤm JamaḼč  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;     â&#x20AC;&#x2020; â&#x20AC;&#x2020;' &   ( has narrated, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;A Bedouin entered the house of SayyidunÄ â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;AbbÄ s Bin â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Abdul Muáš­áš­alib    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; â&#x20AC;&#x2020;B      > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( . At one corner of the house, SayyidunÄ â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;AbdullÄ ÄĽ  Bin â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;AbbÄ s -   >  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020; B  ( would give FatwÄ , answering every question asked him. And at another corner of the house,  SayyidunÄ â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;UbaydullÄ ÄĽ Bin â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;AbbÄ s -   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020; B  ( would serve food to each visitor. Seeing this, the Bedouin said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Whoever wants blessings in the world and the Last Day must come to  the house of â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;AbbÄ s Bin â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Abdul Muáš­áš­alib (-   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020; B  ( ); they 3 give FatwÄ , teach FiqÄĽ and feed food to people.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;  186. SayyidunÄ Zubayr   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020; B  ( has stated that SayyidunÄ  â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;UbaydullÄ ÄĽ Bin â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;AbbÄ s -   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020; B  ( would have animals slaughtered and distribute meat among people. Which is

1

Ḥilya-tul-AwliyÄ , vol. 2, pp. 305, Raqm 193, ḤadÄŤĹĄ 2323

2

Majmaâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;-uz-ZawÄ id, vol. 5, pp. 46, ḤadÄŤĹĄ 7991

3

TÄ rÄŤkh MadÄŤnaÄĽ Dimashq li Ibn â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;AsÄ kir, vol. 37, pp. 480, Raqm 4456


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why, the place in the market of MakkaÄĽ was famous as â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;The Slaughterhouse of Ibn â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;AbbÄ sâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;.1 187. SayyidunÄ â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;AlÄŤ Bin Muhammad MadÄ inÄŤ  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;     â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020; ' &   ( has said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;A camel or some goats weighing equal to the meat of a camel used to be slaughtered everyday for SayyidunÄ â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;AbdullÄ ÄĽ Bin 2  â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;AbbÄ s -   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; â&#x20AC;&#x2020;B  ( .â&#x20AC;&#x2122; 188. SayyidunÄ AbÄ n Bin â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;UĹĄmÄ n 3> J   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; â&#x20AC;&#x2020;' - , (â&#x20AC;&#x2020;     has narrated: With the intention of slandering SayyidunÄ â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;UbaydullÄ ÄĽ Bin â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;AbbÄ s    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020; B      > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( , a person falsely announced among people that  â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;UbaydullÄ ÄĽ Bin â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;AbbÄ s (-   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020; B  ( ) had invited them to lunch at his house.â&#x20AC;&#x2122; Hearing this, people started flooding at his house until it was full. SayyidunÄ â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;UbaydullÄ ÄĽ Bin â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;AbbÄ s    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020; B      > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( inquired about it so people replied, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Your Highness! You had sent a person who called all these people  at your house. He   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( understood the whole matter and B  said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Close the door.â&#x20AC;&#x2122; He   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( then ordered his servants, B â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Bring all fruits from the marketplace.â&#x20AC;&#x2122; Therefore, fruits were  brought and, mixed with honey, served to people. He   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;B  ( once again called his servants and said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Bring roasted meat and bread.â&#x20AC;&#x2122; The servants brought food and served the people.  After people finished, he   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Do you think I have B done what I had intended (i.e. acted according to the  announcement)?â&#x20AC;&#x2122; People replied, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Yes.â&#x20AC;&#x2122; He   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( then B said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;We do not mind if more people come.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;3 189. SayyidunÄ ImÄ m Shaâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;abÄŤ  . ŰĄ â&#x20AC;&#x2020; â&#x20AC;&#x2020;' - , (â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ŰĄ    reported that SayyidunÄ  Ashâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;aĹĄ Bin Qays   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020; B  ( sent a person to SayyidunÄ â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;AdÄŤ  Bin á¸¤Ä tim   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( to borrow a cooking pot. SayyidunÄ B 1

TÄ rÄŤkh MadÄŤnaÄĽ Dimashq li Ibn â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;AsÄ kir, vol. 37, pp. 472, Raqm 4456

2

TÄ rÄŤkh MadÄŤnaÄĽ Dimashq li Ibn â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;AsÄ kir, vol. 37, pp. 481, Raqm 4456

3

TÄ rÄŤkh MadÄŤnaÄĽ Dimashq li Ibn â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;AsÄ kir, vol. 37, pp. 472, Raqm 4456


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 â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;AdÄŤ Bin á¸¤Ä tim   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020; B  ( filled the pot with food and sent it  to SayyidunÄ Ashâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;aĹĄ Bin Qays   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( who returned the pot B with the message, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;I had asked for an empty pot!â&#x20AC;&#x2122; SayyidunÄ  â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;AdÄŤ Bin á¸¤Ä tim   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( sent the pot back with the message, B â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;We do not lend empty pots.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;1  190. SayyidunÄ Ibn â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;AbbÄ s -   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020; B  ( has said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;There are three people I cannot be equivalent of, and there is the fourth person I can only provide for, with the help of Allah      . The first among them is the person who makes space for me in his gathering. The second is the one who quenches my thirst when I am extremely thirsty. The third is the person whose feet have been dusty because of visiting my home frequently. And the fourth is a needy person who spends whole night awake worrying about his need and finds me in the morning fulfilling his need. This is the person who I can only provide for, with the help of Allah      . If I am unable to fulfill the need of a person who has visited my home three times, I feel ashamed of it.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;

THE EXCELLENCE OF CLOTHING A MUSLIM BROTHER 191.

 SayyidunÄ AbĹŤ UmÄ maÄĽ   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( narrated: Asking for his B new Qamčᚣ (i.e. a long loose type of shirt) one day among  ᚢaá¸ĽÄ baÄĽ   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020; B  ( , AmÄŤr-ul-Mu`minÄŤn SayyidunÄ â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Umar  FÄ rĹŤq   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020; B  ( put it on. I (i.e. the narrator) presumed that  he   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( recited the following Duâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;Ä : B

Ů&#x2018;Ů&#x17D; Ů&#x2018;Ů° Ů? ŰĄ Ů&#x17D; ŰĄ Ů&#x17D; ŰĄ Ů? â&#x20AC;ŤŮ Ů&#x17D;Ř­ Ů&#x17D;Ů&#x160;â&#x20AC;Ź ŰĄ Ů? Ů&#x2013;â&#x20AC;ŤŘŞ Ů&#x17D;Ů&#x2C6; ا Ů&#x17D; Ů&#x17D;ŘŞŮ&#x17D; Ů&#x17D;Ů&#x2018;Ů&#x2026; Ů?Ů&#x201E; بŮ?Ů&#x2021;â&#x20AC;Ź ŰĄ â&#x20AC;ŤŘ§Ů&#x2020; Ů&#x17D;Ů&#x2026;ا ا Ů? Ů&#x17D;Ů&#x2C6;اع ŰĄŮ&#x160; بŮ?Ů&#x2021;Ů&#x2013; Ů&#x17D;Řš ŰĄŮ&#x2C6; Ů&#x17D;Řąâ&#x20AC;Ź ŰĄ Ů? â&#x20AC;ŤŘ§Ů&#x201E; ŰĄŮ&#x160; Ů&#x17D;Ů&#x192; Ů&#x17D;Řłâ&#x20AC;Ź â&#x20AC;ŤŘ§ŘŞâ&#x20AC;Ź Ů? Ů? Ů? â&#x20AC;ŤŘ§Ů&#x201E;Ů&#x2026;ŘŻâ&#x20AC;Ź Ů? Ů? 1

Asad-ul-GhÄ baÄĽ fÄŤ Maâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;rifat-uᚣ-ᚢaá¸ĽÄ baÄĽ li Ibn AĹĄÄŤr, vol. 4, pp. 12, Raqm 3604


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i.e. all praise is to Allah      Who caused me to wear this cloth, and cover my Satr, and I adorn (myself) with it in life.  He   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( then said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;I saw the Beloved and Blessed Prophet B      â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013; â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   put on new clothes and recite the same Duâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;Ä  as I did. The Noble Prophet    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   then said: â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;I swear by the One under Whose omnipotence my soul is! Any Muslim who puts on new clothes and recites this Duâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;Ä then gives his old clothes to any MiskÄŤn/FaqÄŤr Muslim for seeking the pleasure of Allah      , he will remain in refuge, peace, and nearness of Allah      for as long as even a single thread of these clothes remains on him whether the giver is alive or has died.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;1  192. It is narrated by SayyidunÄ AbĹŤ Saâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ÄŤd KhudrÄŤ   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( that B  the Holy Prophet    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;One who feeds a hungry MiskÄŤn will be made to eat the food of Paradise by Allah      . One who gives water to a thirsty person will be made to drink pure sealed wine by Allah      on the Judgement Day. And one who clothes an unclothed person will be made to wear green robes of Paradise by Allah.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;2

THE RIGHTS OF NEIGHBOUR 193. It is narrated that the Prophet of RaḼmaÄĽ, the Intercessor  of UmmaÄĽ, the Owner of JannaÄĽ    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;JibrÄŤl    ) kept on bringing me the commandment from (64  5 â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  Allah      regarding the rights of the neighbours until I presumed that he would soon declare them inheritors.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;3 1

KitÄ b-ud-Duâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;Ä liáš­ ᚏabarÄ nÄŤ, pp. 142, ḤadÄŤĹĄ 393

2

Sunan-ut-Tirmişč, vol. 4, pp. 204, Ḥadčť 2457

3

ᚢaḼčḼ BukhÄ rÄŤ KitÄ b-ul-Adab, vol. 4, pp. 104, ḤadÄŤĹĄ 6105


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 194. SayyidunÄ â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;AbdullÄ ÄĽ Bin â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Amr   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020; B  ( ordered to slaughter  a goat, so it was slaughtered. He   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( then asked his B servant if he had sent some meat to his Jews neighbour. He    > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    ( then said that he heard the Beloved and Blessed B   5 â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Prophet    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;     ) kept on   saying, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;JibrÄŤl (64 bringing me the commandment from Allah      regarding the rights of the neighbours until I presumed that he would soon declare them inheritors. 1

ĹťimmÄŤ KÄ fir (unbelievers) can be given ᚢadaqaÄĽ NÄ filaÄĽ except for ZakÄ ÄĽ etc. and ᚢadaqaÄĽ WÄ jibaÄĽ, whereas ḤarbÄŤ KÄ fir cannot be given even ᚢadaqaÄĽ NÄ filaÄĽ. Now all KÄ fir in the world are ḤarbÄŤ and cannot be given any kind of ᚢadaqaÄĽ. SayyidunÄ Shaykh AḼmad also known as MullÄ JÄŤwan  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020; ' &   ( has stated in the book, TafsÄŤrÄ t AḼmadiyyaÄĽ,   â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;The knowledge able people are aware that all KÄ fir in the present era are ḤarbÄŤ.â&#x20AC;&#x2122; (TafsÄŤrÄ t AḼmadiyyaÄĽ, part 10, At-TaubaÄĽ, TaḼt Al-Ä&#x20AC;yaÄĽ 29, pp. 458)

Furthermore, the meat of ritually sacrificed animals cannot be given to unbelievers regardless of whether they are ĹťimmÄŤ or ḤarbÄŤ. Describing the rights of the neighbours, the Beloved  and Blessed RasĹŤl   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;An unbeliever in neighbourhood has only one right that is the right of a  neighbour. The companions   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020; B  ( asked, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Shall we give them some meat from our ritually sacrificed animals?â&#x20AC;&#x2122; The Noble Prophet   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Do not give anything to unbelievers from your ritually sacrifices to Allah      .â&#x20AC;&#x2122; (Shuâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ab-ul-ImÄ n lil BayÄĽaqÄŤ, vol. 7, pp. 83, ḤadÄŤĹĄ 956)

1

Al-Musnad lil Ḥamčdč, vol. 2, pp. 270, Ḥadčť 593


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 195. SayyidunÄ AbĹŤ UmÄ maÄĽ BÄ ÄĽilÄŤ   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;B  ( narrated that once  he heard the Beloved and Blessed Prophet    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    saying when he    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   was riding his she-camel, Jadâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;Ä :  â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;I make a will to you about the neighbour.â&#x20AC;&#x2122; He    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   repeated it many times. The narrator said he thought to himself  that the Noble Prophet    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   would declare him an 1 inheritor.  196. SayyidunÄ Anas Bin MÄ lik   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( narrated that the Prophet B of mankind, the Peace of our heart and mind, the most    Generous and Kind    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Allah      nourishes all creatures and likes the one among His creatures the most who treats humanely those nourished by Allah      .â&#x20AC;&#x2122;2  197. SayyidunÄ AbĹŤ ShurčḼ Kaâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;bÄŤ   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( narrated that he heard B  the Most Beloved Prophet    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   saying, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;One who has belief in Allah      and the Judgement Day should treat his neighbour well.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;3  198. SayyidunÄ AbĹŤ ĤurayraÄĽ   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( narrated that the Prophet B of RaḼmaÄĽ, the Intercessor of UmmaÄĽ    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;One who has belief in Allah      and the Day of Judgement must not hurt his neighbour.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;4  199. SayyidunÄ AbÄŤ JuḼayfaÄĽ   > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  ( narrated that a person with B a complaint against his neighbour came to the Holy Prophet    Ů&#x2013;    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   . He   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Put your household things on the path.â&#x20AC;&#x2122; He put the things on the pathway. People walked past and cursed his neighbour. The neighbour came

1

Al-Muâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;jam-ul-KabÄŤr, vol. 8, pp. 111, ḤadÄŤĹĄ 7523

2

Al-Musnad li AbÄŤ Yaâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;lÄ , vol. 3, pp. 232, ḤadÄŤĹĄ 3465

3

ᚢaḼčḼ BukhÄ rÄŤ, vol. 4, pp. 105, ḤadÄŤĹĄ 6019

4

ᚢaḼčḼ BukhÄ rÄŤ, vol. 4, pp. 105, ḤadÄŤĹĄ 6018


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to the Noble Prophet   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  and said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;YÄ RasĹŤlallÄ ÄĽ    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   ! Why are people treating me like this?â&#x20AC;&#x2122; The  Prophet of RaḼmaÄĽ   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;How are people treating you?â&#x20AC;&#x2122; He told, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;People are cursing and condemning  me.â&#x20AC;&#x2122; The Beloved and Blessed Prophet   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Allah      had cursed you before people did so.â&#x20AC;&#x2122; He said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;I will never ever do it again.â&#x20AC;&#x2122; Then the complainant came so  the Holy Prophet   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   â&#x20AC;&#x2020; *â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Retain your things, for Allah      has removed your trouble.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;1  200. Umm-ul-Mu`minÄŤn SayyidatunÄ Umm-e-SalamaÄĽ  > â&#x20AC;&#x2020;     â&#x20AC;&#x2020; â&#x20AC;&#x2020;B  (  has reported, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;The Most Beloved Prophet    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   and I were once under a blanket when a she-goat of our neighbour entered the house. As it took a piece of bread into its mouth, I moved towards it and pulled the bread from its jaw. Seeing  this, the Merciful Prophet    â&#x20AC;&#x2020;Ů&#x2013;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;    )â&#x20AC;&#x2020;  â&#x20AC;&#x2020;*â&#x20AC;&#x2020;   said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Your hurting it will not bring you peace because this is not less than hurting the neighbour.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;2

1

AttarghÄŤb WattarÄĽÄŤb KitÄ b-ul-Bir, Waᚣ-ᚢilaÄĽ, ḤadÄŤĹĄ 3911, vol. 3, pp. 287

2

JÄ miâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;-ul-â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;UlĹŤm Wal-Ḥakam, pp. 173, ḤadÄŤĹĄ Al-KhÄ mis â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Ashr


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