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Editor’s Desk Aashima Jain She is family now and yes the princesses of my house. She behaves like a child at times. Sometimes she acts like a grandmother. Lucy! My 12year old Japanese Spitz. She has been the best part of my life and my family. I rejoice when I am happy and cry with her when sad. Each year on 4th October, her birthday, I gift her belt or a ball to play. I talk to her when I feel lonely and share my secrets with her. A dog, with whom I could share my life with, give her an individual space in my family, because of her I now believe that all pet owners feel the same. To keep them at home is like raising a baby. And though they age-up they always remain kids. Being a dog owner I believe that it is necessary to know certain things, to understand requirements and needs of a dog. Attention, care and love are the three most important things they need. When I and my family sit for a discussion, Lucy comes and sits between all of us. And even then if she does not get the attention she seeks, she gets her toys to us to play! The most exciting thing with being a dog is to see them happy. The glow in their eyes, their wagging of tail and jumping all around is fun to watch. When you leave them alone at home, it’s a sight! Carpets torn, wooden furniture all scratched, newspapers in mess and they sitting in a corner with anger on face. ‘BARk’ has tried to understand these requirements and needs and put them under one magazine. Understanding about these special spirits that strengthens the human and canine bond, ‘BARk’ brings to you a wonderful dog world. ‘BARk’ also initiates for a cause, ‘Adopt, don’t buy!’ The readers should spread this message of adopting dogs who are stray and need shelter. To protect the canine world suffering on the roads should be the ideology because nothing deserves to know only pain and long suffering!


Contents... August 2011, BARk, Issue No. 1

1. Know your best friends... Briefing about your pet dog helping you know them better!...6

2. Golden Retriever In detail information about golden retrievers. Their health problems, the environment they live in, etc....8

3. Chihuahua In detail information about Chihuahua. Their physical well being, temprament, excercise....10

4. Potty Training Train your puppy and teach them their basic and their first lesson of life...12

5. 7 Stages of Development See them maturing from your lovable puppy to a grown-up dog...14

6. Cute or Weird Decide for yourself if you find them cute or weird. Imagine your dog being one one them!...16

7. Dog-Food-Dog An interview with Kim Bloomer regarding raw food to be fed to our dogs...18

8. Take Care Take good care of your pup! Know their health issues, symptons and problems causing them ...20

9. Angel A personal story about our reader’s dog. Read and enjoy it!...24

10. Photo Bucket As the name suggets, its a bucket full of dog photographs...26

11. Sparkling clean Keep your cutie pie neat and clean. Give them a bath regularly and grooming..28


KNOW YOUR BEST FRIENDS

Know more about different species of dogs. They come from various groups and have different needs as far as exercise, grooming, feeding and care are concerned. Here are puppies that bring big big smile on your faces.

Bulldogs Bulldogs are not very difficult to maintain. Get your puppy used to being groomed regularly. You can bath your dog occasionally, but bathing too oftensremoves the natural, protective oils of the skin. Its a myth that bulldogs don’t need exercising. Proper exercise is as vital to your bulldog’s general health and well-being as is proper nutrition. Heatstroke can be fatal very quickly. So if the weather is very hot, take great care. Exercise early in the morning and late at night.Feed your puppy four times a day and gradually make the transition to two meals a day.

Bernese Mountain Dog Bernese Mountain Dog puppies are not only stunning in appearance but wonderful animals for your home. They are friendly, kind and will show devotion towards you. They are strong, sturdy working dogs that will love your friendship, especially if you spend time playing with them. The main issue that you will have with this dog is shedding. They tend to shed all year round and you must be willing to regularly brush your dog. Obviously with all the shedding you become an expert at vacuuming your home. Daily grooming will need to be part of your day to keep them free of matts and anything that may get caught up whilst playing outdoors. Bernese Mountain puppies will roughly live to be 7 years of age but with the right nutrition and care you can see these pups live longer.

Golden Retriever Golden Retrievers are quick to learn and eager to please, patient, fun-loving, full of energy and easily trained. These tornadoes in adorable, sweet, kissable, fuzzy little packages can take a happy, clean home and turn it into a house of horrors to rival the best carnival’s. Lack of the proper vitamins and nutrients can lead to upset stomachs, skin problems, brittle bones, obesity, and even – in the worst cases – death. Proper nutrition is the building block of his overall health. Training helps build a relationship between you and your Golden Retriever. This relationship is built on trust, affection, and mutual respect.

6 Breeds


Poodle Poodle puppies are a lot of fun, but like any other babies, they need a lot of care and attention.Your poodle puppy should have a large crate or carrier where it can be placed if it becomes over-excited or nervous. You can also exercise your poodle puppy by starting to teach him tricks: fetch, roll over, sit, shake hands, play dead. Your poodle pup will love pleasing you by learning the new commands.Toys are another way for your puppy to get some exercise. House breaking should begin the day you arrive home with your poodle pup. Show your pup where you expect it to urinate and defecate. Take the pup to that same stop in the morning, after meals, after you get home from work, and at night. Brush and comb your poodle’s fur every day, and select a reliable professional groomer to clip poodle’s fur every few months. Because poodle puppies have such thick fur, it is easy for them to turn into tangled, unsightly messes if not brushed regularly.

Pugs You should bring your new pug puppy to the vet within the first 10 days of purchase. Your vet will give your pup a full checkup in order to verify the breeders' certificate of health and your pup will receive another series of vaccinations. Pug puppies should be vaccinated at the ages of 8, 12 and 16 weeks old. Many pug puppies are born with worms or infected by mothers' milk. It is a common condition characterized by loose bowel movements. Your vet can test for this by doing a stool culture. If your pup is infected, an oral medication will clear it right up. they can be quickly and easily trained and are very intelligent and eager to please. The key to training your pug is positive reinforcement, consistency and patience.Because of their flat faces pugs are terrific snorers! They will snort and snore and make a lot of other fun noises. The good news is that they rarely bark. You can expect none of the yipping characteristic of most small breeds.Pugs require very little grooming. Brushing their coat once a week will help keep the shedding down. Pugs are very clean dogs. 7 Breeds


Description:

“

Take them for brisk, daily long walks everyday!

easily trained, and always patient and

The Golden Retriever is a sturdy,

gentle with children. Charming, devoted

medium-large sized dog. The skull is

and self-assured, they are a popular fam-

broad and the muzzle is straight, taper-

ily dog. Energetic and loving, Golden Re-

ing slightly with a well defined stop. The

trievers enjoy pleasing their masters, so

nose is black or a brownish black. The

obedience training can be very reward-

teeth meet in a scissors bite. The

ing. They excel in competitions. Friendly

medium to large eyes are dark brown.

with everyone, including other dogs, the

The relatively short ears hang down

Golden Retriever has very little, if any,

close to the cheeks. When pulled forward

guarding instincts. While unlikely to at-

the tip of the ear should just cover the

tack, Goldens make good watchdogs,

eye.

loudly signaling a stranger's approach.

The tail is thick at the base with feath-

This breed needs to be around people

ering along the underside. Dewclaws

who display leadership to be happy. The

may be removed. The water-resistant

Golden Retriever may become destruc-

coat is dense with a firm, straight, or

tive and/or high-strung, over-exuberant

wavy outer coat. There is an untrimmed

and distractible if he is lacking in daily

feathering on the underbelly, back of the

mental and physical exercise. Be sure to

legs, front of the neck and underside of

remain this dogs firm, but calm, confi-

the tail. Coat color comes in cream to a

dent, consistent pack leader to avoid be-

rich golden.

havioral issues. Some of the Golden's talents are hunting, tracking, retrieving,

Temperament: 8

Cover Story

narcotics detection, agility, competitive

These are lovable, well-mannered, intel-

obedience, and performing tricks. These

ligent dogs with a great charm. They are

dogs also love to swim.


Height, Weight:

Living Conditions:

be the human. In addition, they like to re-

Height: Dogs 22-24 inches (56-61cm.)

This breed will do okay in an apartment if

trieve balls and other toys. Be sure to ex-

Bitches 20-22 inches (51-56cm.)

sufficiently exercised. They are moder-

ercise this dog well to avoid hyper activity.

Weight: Dogs 60-80 pounds (27-36kg.) Bitches 55-70 pounds (25-32kg.)

ately active indoors and will do best with at least a medium to large yard.The Golden Retriever is an active breed and

Health Problems:

Life Expectancy: About 10-12 years

therefore needs garden space to play and

Grooming:

Prone to cancer, hip dysplasia, Von Wille-

exercise. The ideal environment for this

brand's disease, heart problems and con-

dog is a family home with plenty of com-

The smooth, medium-haired double coat

genital eye defects. Skin allergies are

pany and plenty of space. This can be in

is easy to groom. Comb and brush with a

common in Golden Retrievers and often

rural or urban areas, providing there is a

firm bristle brush, paying particular atten-

require veterinary attention. Gains weight

safe yard or garden, and the dog is not

tion to the dense undercoat. Dry sham-

easily, do not overfeed.

enclosed in the house or in an apartment.

poo regularly, but bathe only when

Regular veterinary checks and proper maintenance are essential for the well

necessary. This breed is an average

Exercise:

shedder.

being of your pet regardless of the breed;

The Golden Retriever needs to be taken

seeking the advice of your vet as soon as

on a daily, brisk, long walk, jog or run

you notice a physical problem in your pet

alongside you when you bicycle, where

Originating in the Scottish Highlands in

will often help to treat the condition in its

the dog is made to heel beside or behind

the late 1800s, the Golden Retriever was

initial and less severe stage. Golden re-

the person holding the lead, as instinct

developed by Lord Tweedmouth, by

trievers are wonderful pets — protect

tells a dog that the leader leads the way

crossing the original yellow Flat-Coated

their health, and you will be well rewarded

and that leader

Retriever, with the now extinct Tweed

needs

Water Spaniel. He later crossed in the

t o

bloodhound, Irish Setter, and more Tweed

with a fantastic companion for many years.

Origin:

Water Spaniel. The dogs were called the Golden Flat-Coat and only later were they given the name Golden Retriever. The

Golden

Re-

triever is one of the most popular breeds known today, not only as family companions but for obedience

competitions,

hunting and tracking, as a bird dog on both land and in the water, narcotics detection, service dog for the disabled, a guide for the blind and as a therapy dog. The Golden Retriever was first recognized by the AKC in 1925.

Group: Gun Dog, AKC Sporting

9

Cover Story


Description:

well. For some, they may be slightly diffi-

with them, but because most people treat

The Chihuahua is a tiny toy sized dog.

cult to train, but they are intelligent, learn

the Chihuahua differently than they would

The body is longer than it is tall. The head

quickly, and respond well to proper, firm

a large dog, causing them to become un-

is well rounded, apple in shape and the

but gentle (positive reinforcement) train-

trustworthy. Because of their size, this

muzzle is short and pointed with a well

ing. May be difficult to housebreak. Do

breed tends to be babied and things we

defined stop. Puppies have a soft spot on

not let the Chihuahua get away with

humans clearly see as bad behavior for

the top of the skull called a "molera",

things you would not allow a large dog to

a large dog is looked over as cute with a

which usually closes by adulthood. The

do (Small Dog Syndrome), such as jump-

small dog. Small dogs also tend to be

large, round eyes are set well apart and

ing up on humans. While it may be cute

walked less, as humans assume they get

are dark, ruby, and may be lighter in white

for a 5 pound tiny dog to put his paws on

enough exercise just running around dur-

dogs. The erect ears are large. Dewclaws

your leg when you come home from

ing the day.

may be removed. The tail is long, sickle-

work, it is allowing a dominant behavior.

However a walk provides more than

shaped, either curled over the back or to

If you allow this little dog to be your

just exercise. It provides mental stimula-

the side. The coat comes in both a short

pack leader they will developed many be-

tion, and satisfies the migration instinct,

coat or a long, wavy or flat coat. All col-

havior issues, such as jealousy, aggres-

all dogs have. Because of this, small

ors, both solid, marked or splashed are

sion with other dogs and sometimes with

breeds such as the Chihuahua tend to

accepted. Colors include, but are not lim-

humans, and will become undeniably

become snappish, yappy, protective, and

ited to, black, white, chestnut, fawn, sand,

suspicious of people except for their

untrustworthy with kids and humans they

silver, sable, steel blue, black & tan and

owner. When strangers are present, they

do not know. Chihuahua's who are their

parti-color.

will begin to follow their owner's every

human's pack leader tend to be fairly

move, keeping as close as possible. A

dog-aggressive. An owner who realizes

Chihuahua who is pack leader of their hu-

this and treats the Chi-

Temperament: The Chihuahua is a good companion dog.

Courageous,

ex-

tremely lively, proud and adventurous, they enjoy affection. Brave,

mans may snap at children. This breed is generally not recommended for children, not because they are not good

huahua no differently than they would a large breed, becoming a clear pack leader, will get a differ-

cheerful and agile. Chihuahua's can be strong-

ent, more app e a l i n g

willed without the proper

temperament out

human leadership. They are

of this wonderful lit-

loyal and become attached to

tle

dog,

finding

their owners. Some like to lick

them to be good little

their owner's faces. Socialize them

child companions.

10

Know more


Height, Weight: Height: 6-9 inches (15-23 cm.) Weight: 2-6 pounds (1-3 kg.)

Health Problems:

even tiny ones, need to feel their own-

about once per month, taking care not

ers are strong minded beings able to

to get water in the ears. Check the ears

handle the entire pack.Living Condi-

regularly and keep the nails trimmed.

tions

This breed is an average shedder.

They are good little dogs for apart-

Origin:

Prone to rheumatism, slipped stifle,

ment life. The Chihuahua likes warm

colds, and gum problems. Also corneal

weather and dislikes the cold. They

This is the oldest breed on the American

dryness and secondary glaucoma, do to

need space just like any other dog. Be-

continent and the smallest breed in the

their protruding eyes. Gains weight eas-

cause they are small does not mean

world. Native to Mexico, where it re-

ily. Take caution around toxic products

they can be kept in a vary small area.

ceived it's name from the Mexican State of Chihuahua. It was only brought to Eu-

such as chocolate or fertilizer. This is a very small breed and it will not take

Exercise:

rope at the end of the nineteenth cen-

much to poison them. Chihuahuas are

Although it is tempting to carry these

tury. What breeds were used to make

often born via cesarean section be-

dainty creatures about; these are active

up the Chihuahua are unclear, but some

cause puppies are born with relatively

little dogs, who need a daily walk. Play

think it originated from the Fennec Fox.

large heads. Susceptible to fractures

can take care of a lot of their exercise

The

and other accidents in puppyhood.

needs, however, as with all breeds, play

Columbian Indian nations and were

Some Chihuahuas have a molera, an

will not fulfill their primal instinct to walk.

also popular pets to the upper class.

unclosed section of the skull which can

Dogs who do not get to go on daily

The dogs are prized for their size and

remain open throughout life. This

walks are more likely to display a wide

are most valued to some fanciers when

makes the dog prone to injury. Has a

array of behavior problems, as well as

they

tenancy to wheeze

neurotic issues. They will also enjoy a

under

good romp in a safe open area off lead,

pounds

such as a large fenced in yard.

kg.).

and snore, because their

of

were

sacred

to

Pre-

weigh 2-1/4 (1.3

small,

short muzz l e s . Prone

dogs

Life Expectancy: About 15 or more years.

AKC

Toy

to

stress, caused

Group: Southern,

Grooming:

by the owners

The smooth, short-haired coat should

tendency to

be gently brushed occasionally or sim-

Recognition

treat

them

ply wiped over with a damp cloth. The

CKC, FCI, AKC, UKC, KCGB,

like little ba-

long coat should be brushed daily with

CKC, ANKC, NKC, NZKC,

bies. All dogs,

a soft bristle brush. Bathe both types

APRI, ACR, DRA.

11

Know more


Potty Training Puppies are like babies - they are not

Keep your puppy on a schedule.

him time to be sure he won't have to go

‘house trained’! You cannot put puppies in

Feed him at the same time every day, and

nappies, so they must learn where to go,

try to get up and go to bed close to the

as well as where not to. Patients are often

same time every day while he's being potty

clean—pick up feces every day. You don't

needed. Never be unkind or rough. Ypu

trained.

like to step in it, and neither does he.

must realize that a puppy can’t wait. It

Puppies need lots of water, espe-

again in three minutes. •

Keep your puppy's potty place

If you don't have the time or pa-

needs to go at once! Here are some guide-

cially if they eat dry dog food. However,

tience to potty train a puppy, then adopt or

lines to help you potty train your puppy.

while you're potty training, feed your pup at

buy an older puppy or adult dog that is al-

These procedures will work whether you're

least four hours before bedtime, and re-

ready potty trained.

training your puppy to go outdoors or to go

move his water two hours before bedtime.

in a litter box indoors (which many toy dogs

Puppies do have accidents. It's very im-

Take your puppy to potty after

portant to remove all trace of odor from any

are trained to do). I don't advocate paper

every meal as well as the first thing in the

place your pup potties. Regular cleansers

training, especially with a dog that you will

morning, the last thing at night, every time

won't do it—you may not smell urine or

eventually want to potty outdoors. If you

he wakes up from a nap, after an active

feces after washing the area with soap and

paper train him to go indoors, you'll just

play session, and in the wee hours of the

water, but your pup has a much more sen-

have to retrain him later to go outdoors.

morning if you hear him moving around.

sitive nose than you have. If he smells

Why not start by training for what you really

Take him on a leash to the place you want

waste odors, he'll think he's found the toilet.

want?

him to use—that will teach him to use that

Pet supply stores sell several types of spe-

If you buy a puppy, buy from a re-

spot, and also teach him that he can go

cial cleansers designed to eliminate odors.

sponsible breederwho has already started

even on leash with you standing right there.

An inexpensive alternative for urine odors

potty training.

That can be important if you're away from

(but not feces) is a 50-50 mixture of white

home.

vinegar and water. I keep a spray bottle full

Crate or confine your puppy when

you can't watch him—always. Train other family members to do the same.

When you take your puppy to

when I expect puppy messes to clean up.

potty, don't play with him until after he does

If you see your puppy start to go in the

If you feed your puppy a commer-

his business. If he doesn't go within 10 min-

house, say “No” or “Anh!” pick him up, and

cial dog food, feed dry food. It will keep his

utes, put him in his crate for 10 to 15 min-

take him out. When he's finished, put him

stools more solid.

12 Basics

utes, then take him to potty again. When

somewhere safe and clean up the mess.

•Confine your puppy to

he potties, praise him and reward him with

Don't yell at your puppy or punish him for

rooms with tile or other

a treat or short playtime. Wait a few min-

accidents. Don't rub his nose in it. If you

washable flooring so mis-

utes before you take him in—sometimes

don't see him start to go but find an acci-

takes don't ruin carpets.

puppies don't finish on the first try, so give

dent later (a minute later) just clean it up.


Bowwow Most puppies will signal that they're about to potty. When your pup is loose in the house, keep a close eye on him. If he starts to turn in circles, sniff the floor, or arch his back while walking,pick him up and take him out. Once a baby starts to go, he can't stop if he's on his own feet. Help him get to the right place; then praise and reward him with play or a treat when he finishes.

House Training Puppies – Praise & Rewards : One of the key factors to success is praising your puppy when he does the right thing. This teaches him exactly what you want him to do, and he will work to earn your praise. When you first begin the process of house training puppies, select a phrase to use each time you take your pup to the toilet. Something along the lines of “do your business” will work well. Personally, I use “go potty!” but that’s because I have 2 adorable little Maltese girls. You need to watch for action and wait patiently. As soon as they have done the deed (and I mean THE MOMENT they are done) you should go wild with praise, applause, excitement. The puppy needs to be shown that you are over the moon about this behavior, as he wants to please you. The more excited you are, the more he will see he just did something really good, and now’s there’s a reward coming his way. The reward can be in the form of enthusiastic praise, affection and/or an especially tasty treat like a piece of cooked chicken or dried liver treats. Start with your praise, and then quickly follow up with the treat or affection, as they will lose the connection after a minute or so. House training puppies can be a challenging process, and offering praise and rewards for good behavior will certainly speed up the process. Most dogs will start to get the hang of it pretty quickly and you may not need to resort to little bits of cooked chicken in your pockets, but if you have been making the effort at house training dogs for some time already, then go ahead and see if a delicious treat will be that extra bit of motivation your pup needs. My Maltese pups love the dried liver treats, such as these ones from Amazon. If you are in the process of learning how to train a puppy, you will find that the treats method can be very effective. Some people also use a clicker system for rewards, and if you are using a clicker to train your puppy, you can also use the clicker during potty training, as a way to let your puppy know a treat is coming. Here is a great clicker training system you can use for both house training and obediance training.

13 Basics


7 Stages of Development Stage 1 (2-3 Weeks) This is the time when a puppy’s eyes will open. This will be the moment when his first response to light, sound and movements become visible. Rudimentary movements such as crawling will be noticed. Identification of his mom and siblings also take place during this stage.

Stage 2 (3-7 Weeks) This is the stage for rapid sensory and physical development for puppies. A puppy now becomes completely aware of his environment and begins to recognize the members of the household. This stage is crucial for his behavioral and social growth that major changes or deafening noises should be avoided because they can bring negative impacts to his personality. A puppy should not be separated from his mom and siblings during this period as identification of being a dog occurs here. ‘Canine manners’ are taught to puppies by their mothers at this stage. Natural ‘bite inhibition’ can be learned by a puppy through interactive plays with his littermates. This learning is extremely important making it ideal to keep puppies with their families.

Stage 3 (7-12 Weeks) On the 8th week, a puppy is now ready to leave his canine family and transfer to a new home, although it is more ideal for smaller breeds to have it on their 10th to 12th week as they normally grow less slowly. A pup may look very tiny to relocate but at this time he already possesses the intelligence and curiosity to live away from his family. This is the best stage to train a puppy and expose him to people, to other animals, and to the environment. However, he should be protected 14 Growth

against all form of infections as his immune system is not yet fully developed making him vulnerable to diseases.


Stage 4 (12-16 Weeks) This is the stage of defiance wherein a pup would try to dominate over his master. Strict implementation of house-rules and routines should be practiced while this behavior persists. This behavior is merely a way of identifying his role in the household and in the society so don’t worry yourself much on this. Rabies vaccination is given on the 16th week which means that he can now go out with you to explore the world outside the premises of your home.

Stage 5 (17-40 Weeks) As part of puppy development, imposing dominance over you is still evident on this stage. Patience and consistency is important to let him know that you are in charge of him and not the other way around. If you want to sterilize your puppy, it should be done during this period.During this period your pup should lose his last baby teeth (the front 'fangs' or upper canines) and will have a full set of adult teeth.It's a good idea to get your puppy neutered (or if you have a female, have her spayed) during this period, definitely before 6 months of age.

Stage 6 (40-52 Weeks) Small breed pups may reach maturity by the end of this period, but for the large or giant breed puppies there is still a long way to go! Some of the extra-large dogs don't become adult until they are somewhere between 2 and 3 years old. There will be a more noticeable difference between the development of small and large breed pups. Small or tiny breeds should be starting to settle down in terms of behavior, and they will have reached their full height and weight.

Stage 7 (Over a Year) There won't be much change in terms of growth or development for small and tiny breeds, but somewhere between 18 months and 3 years of age the large breed pups will reach their full height, then their full weight. You can now switch your pup over from his puppy food to a premium dog food, as his nutritional needs are changing. They will become adults - at last! If you've spent time training and socializing your puppy and taken good care of his both his physical and emotional health, you can now breathe a sigh of relief! You have raised a happy, healthy and confident dog. Well done :)

15 Growth


Kim Bloomer Dr. Kim Bloomer is a veterinary naturopath, and the creator and host of Animal Talk Naturally radio show. She hosts the show weekly with her like-minded colleague, Dr. Jeannie Thomason. Dr. Kim is the co-author of the book Whole Health for Happy Dogs and author of the book Animals Taught Me That. Dr. Kim’s articles have been featured in various publications including Animal Wellness Magazine, Natural Horse Magazine, and Dogs Naturally Magazine. She is an adjunct professor with Kingdom College of Natural Health. Dr. Kim is trained and knowledgeable in the preventive, holistic health care of dogs and cats through proper species appropriate nutrition and other natural modalities. Its an honour that she has given an interview to ‘BARk’ and we hope our dog lovers take the best of her advises.

DoG-fOoD-dOg Interview on Raw Food Diet taken by Love to Know who asks questions on behalf of our readers

What people fail to realize is that all

cause we're the ones who purchase the

those things can and do happen with

food. No one wants to think of their dogs

processed commercial foods, particularly

as house wolves or their cats as house

kibble. And while those things can hap-

lions, but that is exactly what they are. So

LoveToKnow (LTK): Why is raw food

pen with raw feeding, there are some

to reiterate, most of the misconceptions

very simple solutions to counter all of

are merely misplaced fear-based notions

Kim Bloomer (KB): This is simple -

those misplaced concerns. Something to

from a human, not a canine, perspective.

because dogs are opportunistic scav-

keep in mind about dogs is that they are

LTK: What are some problems with

best for dogs?

enger carnivores. Their entire anatomy

scavenger animals designed to eat just

and physiology is designed to eat a raw,

like any other wild scavenger animal.

KB: My colleague, Dr. Jeannie Thoma-

carnivorous diet.

Things that would be unthinkable for us

son puts it best when she says, "Kibble

to eat are simply part of a dog's natural

is kibble is kibble no matter what label is

diet. After all, many dogs eat poop with

on the package." She wrote a great arti-

no problem, but it sure isn't something

cle that explains in detail all that is wrong

we'd want to do!

with kibble.Most kibble include grains that

LTK: What are some common misconceptions about raw food diets? KB: Oh there are a lot of misconcep-

feeding kibble?

tions, especially by those who would

This leads to the primary problem, and

rather pet owners not know that there is

that is that those afraid to feed a raw diet

zymes to digest adding to problems in

a natural way to feed their pets. I recently

are most likely basing it all on their own

their long-term health that begin to pres-

wrote an article about some of those mis-

likes or dislikes or their own nutritional

ent initially with allergies, skin problems

conceptions (Removing the Fears Asso-

needs or human limitations, since we are

and so on.

ciated with Raw Feeding). Some of the

not scavenger animals. Our dogs are re-

misconceptions include things such as

ally buzzards on four legs with fur.

"they'll get parasites" or 18 Food

"there will be a bacteria problem.”

dogs simply do not have the proper en-

That's one of many things wrong with kibble - not to mention it is so overcooked

The pet food manufacturers certainly

as to not have any nutrients of any value

aren't catering to the needs of our pets,

left. Let's not count the synthetic sprayed

rather they are catering toour needs be-

on version of "nutrients" put on kibble as


I need to add one last comment here. Balanced and complete does not exist in reality in every single meal - not for us and not for our animals. That has been a great marketing tactic, but in truth it doesn't exist. Balance comes over time, eating what our compared to real nutrients

dogs

can

actually digest found only in the raw version of food.

bodies need to thrive with variety. The same holds true for our pets.

Implementing a Raw Diet LTK: What should be included in a raw food diet and what should be avoided?

Also, dogs do not come

KB: Quite simply, a raw meaty bone diet

equipped with grinding molars

is what should be fed. The best description

needed for eating and digesting

of that diet is found in Dr. Tom Lonsdale's

grains and other things such as

book Work Wonders: Feed Your Dog Raw

vegetables, ingredients that are typically found in the majority in kibble. I always wonder how wild dogs, wolves

Meaty Bones. LTK: How do you know how much to feed with raw food? KB: Again, that is simple and yet individ-

eating

ual to each dog. We are all unique, and so

grasses or eating parts

are they. Each dog will have different

and

coyotes

got

tastes, likes and dislikes just like us. So we

equated to domestic

need to learn about those needs and know

dogs needing veg-

our dog.

of

the

rumen

etables - they get

I typically tell my clients to feed approxi-

the phytonutrients

mately two to three percent of their dog's

they need from the

total weight daily (once per day) in a 1:2

flesh of the animals

bone to meat ratio. You need the raw bone

they consume. We ex-

in there with the meat so as to not upset

plain it in detail on the

the natural calcium/phosphorus balance.

website.

Dr. Lonsdale really explains this in his book. I have also put togetheran entire page on my website that includes links to learning websites, videos, audios, etc. to help people who prefer to learn on their own. Otherwise, it is advisable to set up a consultation with a veterinary naturopath

for

guid-

ance.

If you wish to ask Dr. Kim Bloomer any questions regarding your dog mail us on askkim@bark.com or visit www.bark.com!

19 Food


TAKE CARE Because your dog cannot speak it relies on you to recognize if something is wrong. Know the symptons of diseases your dog may suffer from. Take Care!

In times of illness, the vet is your dog’s very best friend!

If it limps, a damaged foot or leg is indicated. Shaking the head may mean earache. Dogs do not make a fuss and rarely cry, but if your dog seems quite, doesn’t want to play or go out and isn’t keen on food, it may be ill. Warmth and complete rest are necessary for recovery. If there is no improvement go to the vet or ask him to call. Vets’ fees vary, and it costs more for them to come out to you than for you to visit the surgery. Some vets have an appointment system. Find out these things before your dog becomes ill.

Some Symptoms: Dull, runny eyes, runnying noses and a temperature are symptoms of illness and need expert attention from a vet. If a dog scratches, it may just have dirt in his coat, but it may mean fleas or a skin disease, so see the vet. 20 Health

If a dog spins round on his bottom it may have worms. The common ones are tape and round worms. The vet can give the correct tablets which will kill them but a second dose is needed to kill their eggs. Regular worming is a good idea. Look out for parasites like fleas, ticks, lice and worms while grooming your dog. Fleas live on wild creatures, in grass, straw etc., and can hop onto dogs. Specialflea powder, rubbed onto the coat will kill them. Wash and treat the dog’s bed and repeat during warm weather. Follow instructions carefully. Mites are very tiny, and need a vet to diagnose and treat them. Sheep ticks move to dogs, dig in the skin and suck blood. A pad of chloroform, parafifin or the tip of a lighted cigarette on the back, makes it retract its pincers and drop off.


SYMPTOMS AND TREATMENTS Dog Constipation : Regular grooming will prevent excessive hair ingestion and regular exercise will encourage bowel regularity. A newly formulated hairball prevention diet that is commercially available

IN YOUR KIT

dissolves hair ingested via daily grooming and is available through your veterinarian. Access to a frequently-cleaned litter box (in dogs, frequent opportunities to defecate) is important. Lubricant laxatives can also be effective. These usually contain a combination of mineral oil and/or petrolatum along with a flavor base. They soften and lubricate feces and thereby make it easier to expel. Nutritionally pets should avoid bones, have access to fresh water at all times, and be fed a high fiber diet. Your veterinarian can advise you which steps are best suited for your pet.

Eye Tearing : If your pet experiences excessive tearing, you should have your veterinarian carefully examine his or her eyes to make sure that the problem is not simply a cosmetic one. If your veterinarian finds no medical basis for the excessive tearing, you can try several of the over-the-counter tear stain-removal products. You may need to try more than one type before getting results. Usually, wiping the face twice daily with a wet face cloth is sufficient.

Dog Joint Pains : Recent advances in the treatment of arthritis have resulted in a favorable prognosis for both dogs and humans suffering from this crippling disease. If you suspect that your dog may be suffering from arthritis, consult your veterinarian so that a diagnosis can be made and various therapeutic options discussed.

Weight Problems : Once a veterinarian has examined your pet, it should be weighed and a goal should be set for how much weight is to be lost within a specific period of time. Ideally, your pet should be placed on a reducing diet (available from your veterinarian). These diets are balanced rations that have all the necessary nutrients your pet needs, but less calories than full rations. Commercially available "light" or calorie-reduced diets are

Tweezer Hemostat / forceps Scissors First aid tape Cotton gauze pads Regular bandaids Cotton swabs or Q-tips Benadryl ascriptin (buffered aspirin) Thermometer Safety pins 3" x 3" gauze sponges Ace elastic bandage Triangular bandage Band-Aids 2" roll gauze / Conform stretch bandage Sam splint 1" adhesive tape Exam gloves Safety pins in several sizes razor blade (paper Wrapped for protection) Matches Non-adhering dressing / Telfa / Release 2" roll Medi-Rip / Vetwrap Betadine solution Sting ease Aspirin K-Y jelly Benadryl (2-4mg/kg) * Antibiotics (Ampicillin / Tetracycline) * Topical ointments (Panalog / Tritop / Neomycin / Neosporin) * Ophthalmic Ointment without steroid (Mycitracin / Terramycin) * Steroid (Prednisolone) * Anti-diarrhea medication * Emetic, to cause the dog to vomit (Apomorphine)

good for maintaining weight loss or preventing obesity, but are not recommended for a weight-reduction program. 21 Health


Skin Allergy

den hose may be effective. Ice packs

The main signs of atopy are mainly itch-

should not be used because overcooling

iness and scratching in one or more of

often occurs. The skin should be mas-

the following areas:

saged gently, and the legs flexed fre-

Face - Rubbing of the face, including

quently

to

encourage

blood

around the eyes, ears, and muzzle.

circulation. While this is being done,

There is often a history of chronic recur-

it is essential that the pet be trans-

rent ear infections.

ported to a veterinary hospital as quickly

Paws - Dogs with atopy often bite, chew and/or lick their paws.

as possible. Heat stroke can occur surprisingly

Groin/Underarms - There may be

fast, even when animals are left for only

chewing, licking, biting and/or scratching

short periods of time in cars with the win-

between the back legs (groin) and/or the

dows partially rolled down. Since pre-

armpits.

vention still remains the best alternative,

Treatments:

animals are best not left alone in unat-

Your veterinarian diagnoses atopy by

tended cars or in a yard without shade

means of a thorough history-taking and

and water in warm weather.

physical examination. If necessary, an allergy test may be done to confirm the diagnosis while at the same time deter-

Dog Hearing Problems

mining what it is that your dog is allergic

You can determine your pet's ability to

to and causing rashes.

hear by making various noises (from quiet to increasingly louder noises) and

Dog Rabies

seeing if your pet reacts. Often, pets will display an involuntary flicking or twitch-

Rabies is almost always fatal. However,

ing of the ears (called "Pryor's reflex) in

if a dog or person is bitten by a rabid an-

response to a sound. Some veterinary

imal and begins treatment prior to expe-

schools have also had some degree of

riencing symptoms, there is an effective

success with objective evaluations of

post-exposure treatment, which involves

hearing, using electro diagnostic proce-

an injection of immune globulin and sev-

dures.

eral rabies vaccines given to the infected victim over a 28-day period.

If you suspect that your pet has a hearing problem, consult your veterinarian so that he or she can determine what

Dog Heat Stroke

kind of deafness is involved and what can be done about it.

Heat stroke occurs when a pet has an extremely high body temperature, usually more than 41 degrees C (106 de-

Bone Hip Dysplasia

grees F). Signs include rapid panting,

Fortunately, there are many treatment

warm dry skin, bright red gums, vomit-

options available to help dogs suffering

ing, and an anxious expression or star-

from CHD, ranging from drug therapy to

ing appearance. Collapse, coma and

relieve pain to total hip replacement.

death follow shortly thereafter. An animal

The use of these options will depend

with heat stroke must have its body tem-

on the dog's weight, age, and severity

perature reduced quickly. Most effective

of the disease. Your veterinarian will

is immediate immersion in a cold water.

help you decide which option may be

If unavailable, hosing it down with a gar-

best suited for your dog

22 Health


her...her ears pricked up and

then cried myself to sleep.

she cocked her head to the side. I went into the building

with an unexplainable urge...I

and asked what kind of dog

have a dog story that is special

was anxious and excited and I

she was. I was told a 2 year

to me because I believe it

could not get the thought of

old Lab/St. Bernard cross (so

saved my life. I was trying to

going to the Society For The

you can imagine the size).

deal with depression, anxiety

Prevention of Cruelty to Ani-

She said normally they would

and social phobia. I was at a

mals (S.P.C.A.) out of my

give a big dog like that to a

very low point in my life, I had

mind. I tried to quit thinking

farm but because she chases

just gave birth to a new baby, I

about it as another "being" in

cattle (which was the reason

already had 2 other children,

the house is just more work

she was there), they wanted

and I couldn't leave the house.

but I couldn't, I had to go!

someone in the city to adopt

I

Also when my new baby

I got a friend to watch my

was only a week old I found

kids and I drove to the SPCA.

out that his father wasn't who

As soon as I pulled up a bunch

Well we went into the back

he said he was (but that's an-

of dogs came out into their

where the pens were and I

other story). Anyways, I was

runs, they were bouncing and

walked straight over to this

sitting on the couch in the little

whining and barking...all ex-

beautiful golden brown/white

house I was renting, crying my

cept one. She was the most

girl.

eyes out which had become a

beautiful dog I had ever seen,

size!

regular event. I was holding

she was huge but I couldn't

reached into the little hole of

my son and wondering what I

take my eyes off her. She too

the pen and she came up and

was going to do, I felt so sad

just sat staring at me sitting

flipped my hand onto her head

and

de-

there in the car. I don't remem-

with her nose.

pressed, and felt useless to my

ber what any of the other dogs

I laughed at this, she was

children and was even consid-

looked like...I don't think I even

strong, but yet so this, she was

ering "taking myself out of the

took notice of them except all

strong, but yet so gentle. She

picture".

the noise and commotion they

wasn't jumping or barking just

were making.

sitting there happy to have my

alone

extremely

I began to pray, I prayed for an angel to help me, to guide

24

couldn't help but smile at

then put my son to bed and The next morning I woke "Hi.

Personal Story

me, to make my life better. I

I got out of the car and

her...plus she seemed more of an indoor dog.

I couldn't get over her She was huge!

hand on her head.

I


That's when I saw it...just

head on my shoulder like she

was a very nice man who had

above eye level was a little

was giving me a hug...on partic-

picked her up and he said he

name tag...I had to look twice

ularly sad days if I was on the

was going to drop her off. Well

because it shocked me...but

couch or my bed she'd get right

he did drop her off and the nice

yes there it was her name and

up on my lap and curl up...I

man and I have been together

it was ANGEL!! I knew at that

couldn't even move from the

ever since.

moment it was meant to be. I

weight of her! But she always

said I want her, I want to take

cheered me up.

She would

she hadn't come into my life

her home with me now.

This Angel saved my life...if

constantly check on the baby or

when she did I may not be here

And so it was done, there she

lay at his feet like she was pro-

today to share this story. The

was, this "gentle giant" in my lit-

tecting him. I put him in a jolly

moments i and my Angel

tle house.

jumper and Angel would lay at

shared are the most beautiful. I

It was like a miracle...sud-

his feet while he jumped on her.

believe all dogs are angels...no

denly I was out of the house

She would even sleep as he

matter how big or small or

everyday

for

crawled on her, pulled at her

breed. They love you uncondi-

walks. I felt safe for the first

ears ect. she was definitely a

tionally, and always seem to

time in a long time. And, I real-

gentle giant.

know when you need them

taking

Angel

ized I was happier.

Then one day she got out and

most. I still have my "big girl"

I still had moments of sad-

ran. She ran as fast as she

and now my family lives on an

ness of course but it was like

could. I couldn't find her and

acreage where she can run

Angel could sense them...she

was very panicky when sud-

free...and guess what?

always came to me and put her

denly a phone call came in. It

DOESN'T chase the cattle!!

She

Natasha Kapoor (The best story selected among the rest sent to us. Thankyou so much for sharing your ‘angel’ experience)

*These are real life experiences shared by our readers. If you wish to share your stories, mail us at mydogstory@bark.com or visit www.bark.com

25

Personal Story


1.Collect the materials you will need so you will have everything close at hand. If your dog needs its teeth brushed, try brushing them in the bath. Some other materials generally include pet shampoo, combs and brushes, towels, and doggie treats (optional). If you want to clean the dog's ears, cotton balls would also be a good idea. 2.Allow your dog time to adjust to the idea of getting a bath. If you have a puppy, the whole process may be somewhat frightening, so take things slowly. Help your dog to associate the tub or sink with pleasant things by speaking in a soothing voice and giving him treats. Be ready to put lots of effort into making the bath a positive experience for your dog. It will pay off in the long run if your pet is a happy participant, rather than frightened or resistant. 3.Groom your dog's coat before bathing to remove loose dirt, mats and snarls. Tangles in your dog's coat will be much harder to remove once his coat is wet. If you find yourself chopping away at matted fur, have it cut by a professional groomer the first time, then groom your pet more regularly to avoid matting in the future. 4. Decide whether you will bathe your dog in the bathtub or kitchen sink. This is not only a question of your dog's size--it is also important to judge whether your dog is likely to remain calm/obedient during his bath. If there's any chance he might jump away from you, you should bathe your dog in a bathtub, rather than risk a fall from the sink. Another option is to take your dog with you right into the shower. You will get wet no matter what, so why not kill two birds with one stone? 5. Place either a rubber mat or a small towel on the bottom of the sink/bathtub. This will keep your dog from slipping on the 28 Clean

wet surface, and will help him feel more comfortable.


6. Test the water temperature before beginning to wet your dog's coat. Keep your hand in the water to make sure the water temperature remains correct. If you're using the kitchen sink, the spray hose attachment makes it easy to wet your dog down. Sprayers emit a sound that affects some dogs, so you may wish to have a small plastic pitcher handy to pour water over your dog. (Spray attachments are also available for your bath tub to make bathing your dog easier.) 7. Use a shampoo designed specifically for pets, rather than your own personal shampoo. Quality pet shampoos take into consideration that a dog's skin has a different pH level than human skin. There are also tearfree shampoos that will not sting a dog's eyes. (Remember that just like human tear-free shampoos, they simply contain an eyenumbing agent, and the soap exposure can still damage the eyes. Keep all shampoo, tear-free or not, out of the eyes as much as possible.) Dilute the shampoo and apply from a squeeze bottle (like a dishwashing liquid) so you can squirt the shampoo wherever you wish. A great smelling conditioner is a nice addition. Consult your veterinarian if your dog has skin irritations or other conditions. 8.Avoid getting water or shampoo in your dog eyes/ears. You can gently place a cotton ball in your dog's ears to help keep the inner ear dry. Rather than using the spray hose on your dog face, your dog will be happier to have his face cleaned gently with a warm, wet wash cloth. 9.Rinse all shampoo out of your dog's coat thoroughly. If you can still see bubbles on the dog, you need to rinse a couple more times. 10. Wrap your dog in a bath towel to absorb most of the water. Change towels as needed to continue drying your dog's coat. Let his coat air dry once you have blotted up as much water as you reasonably can. 11.Blow-dry your dog's coat to get your dog dry more quickly, if he will tolerate this. Always use a low-temperature setting to avoid burning your dog's skin. 29 Clean


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