Editor’s Desk Aashima Jain She is family now and yes the princesses of my house. She behaves like a child at times. Sometimes she acts like a grandmother. Lucy! My 12year old Japanese Spitz. She has been the best part of my life and my family. I rejoice when I am happy and cry with her when sad. Each year on 4th October, her birthday, I gift her belt or a ball to play. I talk to her when I feel lonely and share my secrets with her. A dog, with whom I could share my life with, give her an individual space in my family, because of her I now believe that all pet owners feel the same. To keep them at home is like raising a baby. And though they age-up they always remain kids. Being a dog owner I believe that it is necessary to know certain things, to understand requirements and needs of a dog. Attention, care and love are the three most important things they need. When I and my family sit for a discussion, Lucy comes and sits between all of us. And even then if she does not get the attention she seeks, she gets her toys to us to play! The most exciting thing with being a dog is to see them happy. The glow in their eyes, their wagging of tail and jumping all around is fun to watch. When you leave them alone at home, it’s a sight! Carpets torn, wooden furniture all scratched, newspapers in mess and they sitting in a corner with anger on face. ‘BARk’ has tried to understand these requirements and needs and put them under one magazine. Understanding about these special spirits that strengthens the human and canine bond, ‘BARk’ brings to you a wonderful dog world. ‘BARk’ also initiates for a cause, ‘Adopt, don’t buy!’ The readers should spread this message of adopting dogs who are stray and need shelter. To protect the canine world suffering on the roads should be the ideology because nothing deserves to know only pain and long suffering!
Contents... August 2011, BARk, Issue No. 1
1. Know your best friends... Briefing about your pet dog helping you know them better!...6
2. Golden Retriever In detail information about golden retrievers. Their health problems, the environment they live in, etc....8
3. Chihuahua In detail information about Chihuahua. Their physical well being, temprament, excercise....10
4. Potty Training Train your puppy and teach them their basic and their first lesson of life...12
5. 7 Stages of Development See them maturing from your lovable puppy to a grown-up dog...14
6. Cute or Weird Decide for yourself if you find them cute or weird. Imagine your dog being one one them!...16
7. Dog-Food-Dog An interview with Kim Bloomer regarding raw food to be fed to our dogs...18
8. Take Care Take good care of your pup! Know their health issues, symptons and problems causing them ...20
9. Angel A personal story about our readerâ€™s dog. Read and enjoy it!...24
10. Photo Bucket As the name suggets, its a bucket full of dog photographs...26
11. Sparkling clean Keep your cutie pie neat and clean. Give them a bath regularly and grooming..28
KNOW YOUR BEST FRIENDS
Know more about different species of dogs. They come from various groups and have different needs as far as exercise, grooming, feeding and care are concerned. Here are puppies that bring big big smile on your faces.
Bulldogs Bulldogs are not very difficult to maintain. Get your puppy used to being groomed regularly. You can bath your dog occasionally, but bathing too oftensremoves the natural, protective oils of the skin. Its a myth that bulldogs don’t need exercising. Proper exercise is as vital to your bulldog’s general health and well-being as is proper nutrition. Heatstroke can be fatal very quickly. So if the weather is very hot, take great care. Exercise early in the morning and late at night.Feed your puppy four times a day and gradually make the transition to two meals a day.
Bernese Mountain Dog Bernese Mountain Dog puppies are not only stunning in appearance but wonderful animals for your home. They are friendly, kind and will show devotion towards you. They are strong, sturdy working dogs that will love your friendship, especially if you spend time playing with them. The main issue that you will have with this dog is shedding. They tend to shed all year round and you must be willing to regularly brush your dog. Obviously with all the shedding you become an expert at vacuuming your home. Daily grooming will need to be part of your day to keep them free of matts and anything that may get caught up whilst playing outdoors. Bernese Mountain puppies will roughly live to be 7 years of age but with the right nutrition and care you can see these pups live longer.
Golden Retriever Golden Retrievers are quick to learn and eager to please, patient, fun-loving, full of energy and easily trained. These tornadoes in adorable, sweet, kissable, fuzzy little packages can take a happy, clean home and turn it into a house of horrors to rival the best carnival’s. Lack of the proper vitamins and nutrients can lead to upset stomachs, skin problems, brittle bones, obesity, and even – in the worst cases – death. Proper nutrition is the building block of his overall health. Training helps build a relationship between you and your Golden Retriever. This relationship is built on trust, affection, and mutual respect.
Poodle Poodle puppies are a lot of fun, but like any other babies, they need a lot of care and attention.Your poodle puppy should have a large crate or carrier where it can be placed if it becomes over-excited or nervous. You can also exercise your poodle puppy by starting to teach him tricks: fetch, roll over, sit, shake hands, play dead. Your poodle pup will love pleasing you by learning the new commands.Toys are another way for your puppy to get some exercise. House breaking should begin the day you arrive home with your poodle pup. Show your pup where you expect it to urinate and defecate. Take the pup to that same stop in the morning, after meals, after you get home from work, and at night. Brush and comb your poodleâ€™s fur every day, and select a reliable professional groomer to clip poodleâ€™s fur every few months. Because poodle puppies have such thick fur, it is easy for them to turn into tangled, unsightly messes if not brushed regularly.
Pugs You should bring your new pug puppy to the vet within the first 10 days of purchase. Your vet will give your pup a full checkup in order to verify the breeders' certificate of health and your pup will receive another series of vaccinations. Pug puppies should be vaccinated at the ages of 8, 12 and 16 weeks old. Many pug puppies are born with worms or infected by mothers' milk. It is a common condition characterized by loose bowel movements. Your vet can test for this by doing a stool culture. If your pup is infected, an oral medication will clear it right up. they can be quickly and easily trained and are very intelligent and eager to please. The key to training your pug is positive reinforcement, consistency and patience.Because of their flat faces pugs are terrific snorers! They will snort and snore and make a lot of other fun noises. The good news is that they rarely bark. You can expect none of the yipping characteristic of most small breeds.Pugs require very little grooming. Brushing their coat once a week will help keep the shedding down. Pugs are very clean dogs. 7 Breeds
Take them for brisk, daily long walks everyday!
easily trained, and always patient and
The Golden Retriever is a sturdy,
gentle with children. Charming, devoted
medium-large sized dog. The skull is
and self-assured, they are a popular fam-
broad and the muzzle is straight, taper-
ily dog. Energetic and loving, Golden Re-
ing slightly with a well defined stop. The
trievers enjoy pleasing their masters, so
nose is black or a brownish black. The
obedience training can be very reward-
teeth meet in a scissors bite. The
ing. They excel in competitions. Friendly
medium to large eyes are dark brown.
with everyone, including other dogs, the
The relatively short ears hang down
Golden Retriever has very little, if any,
close to the cheeks. When pulled forward
guarding instincts. While unlikely to at-
the tip of the ear should just cover the
tack, Goldens make good watchdogs,
loudly signaling a stranger's approach.
The tail is thick at the base with feath-
This breed needs to be around people
ering along the underside. Dewclaws
who display leadership to be happy. The
may be removed. The water-resistant
Golden Retriever may become destruc-
coat is dense with a firm, straight, or
tive and/or high-strung, over-exuberant
wavy outer coat. There is an untrimmed
and distractible if he is lacking in daily
feathering on the underbelly, back of the
mental and physical exercise. Be sure to
legs, front of the neck and underside of
remain this dogs firm, but calm, confi-
the tail. Coat color comes in cream to a
dent, consistent pack leader to avoid be-
havioral issues. Some of the Golden's talents are hunting, tracking, retrieving,
narcotics detection, agility, competitive
These are lovable, well-mannered, intel-
obedience, and performing tricks. These
ligent dogs with a great charm. They are
dogs also love to swim.
be the human. In addition, they like to re-
Height: Dogs 22-24 inches (56-61cm.)
This breed will do okay in an apartment if
trieve balls and other toys. Be sure to ex-
Bitches 20-22 inches (51-56cm.)
sufficiently exercised. They are moder-
ercise this dog well to avoid hyper activity.
Weight: Dogs 60-80 pounds (27-36kg.) Bitches 55-70 pounds (25-32kg.)
ately active indoors and will do best with at least a medium to large yard.The Golden Retriever is an active breed and
Life Expectancy: About 10-12 years
therefore needs garden space to play and
Prone to cancer, hip dysplasia, Von Wille-
exercise. The ideal environment for this
brand's disease, heart problems and con-
dog is a family home with plenty of com-
The smooth, medium-haired double coat
genital eye defects. Skin allergies are
pany and plenty of space. This can be in
is easy to groom. Comb and brush with a
common in Golden Retrievers and often
rural or urban areas, providing there is a
firm bristle brush, paying particular atten-
require veterinary attention. Gains weight
safe yard or garden, and the dog is not
tion to the dense undercoat. Dry sham-
easily, do not overfeed.
enclosed in the house or in an apartment.
poo regularly, but bathe only when
Regular veterinary checks and proper maintenance are essential for the well
necessary. This breed is an average
being of your pet regardless of the breed;
The Golden Retriever needs to be taken
seeking the advice of your vet as soon as
on a daily, brisk, long walk, jog or run
you notice a physical problem in your pet
alongside you when you bicycle, where
Originating in the Scottish Highlands in
will often help to treat the condition in its
the dog is made to heel beside or behind
the late 1800s, the Golden Retriever was
initial and less severe stage. Golden re-
the person holding the lead, as instinct
developed by Lord Tweedmouth, by
trievers are wonderful pets â€” protect
tells a dog that the leader leads the way
crossing the original yellow Flat-Coated
their health, and you will be well rewarded
and that leader
Retriever, with the now extinct Tweed
Water Spaniel. He later crossed in the
bloodhound, Irish Setter, and more Tweed
with a fantastic companion for many years.
Water Spaniel. The dogs were called the Golden Flat-Coat and only later were they given the name Golden Retriever. The
triever is one of the most popular breeds known today, not only as family companions but for obedience
hunting and tracking, as a bird dog on both land and in the water, narcotics detection, service dog for the disabled, a guide for the blind and as a therapy dog. The Golden Retriever was first recognized by the AKC in 1925.
Group: Gun Dog, AKC Sporting
well. For some, they may be slightly diffi-
with them, but because most people treat
The Chihuahua is a tiny toy sized dog.
cult to train, but they are intelligent, learn
the Chihuahua differently than they would
The body is longer than it is tall. The head
quickly, and respond well to proper, firm
a large dog, causing them to become un-
is well rounded, apple in shape and the
but gentle (positive reinforcement) train-
trustworthy. Because of their size, this
muzzle is short and pointed with a well
ing. May be difficult to housebreak. Do
breed tends to be babied and things we
defined stop. Puppies have a soft spot on
not let the Chihuahua get away with
humans clearly see as bad behavior for
the top of the skull called a "molera",
things you would not allow a large dog to
a large dog is looked over as cute with a
which usually closes by adulthood. The
do (Small Dog Syndrome), such as jump-
small dog. Small dogs also tend to be
large, round eyes are set well apart and
ing up on humans. While it may be cute
walked less, as humans assume they get
are dark, ruby, and may be lighter in white
for a 5 pound tiny dog to put his paws on
enough exercise just running around dur-
dogs. The erect ears are large. Dewclaws
your leg when you come home from
ing the day.
may be removed. The tail is long, sickle-
work, it is allowing a dominant behavior.
However a walk provides more than
shaped, either curled over the back or to
If you allow this little dog to be your
just exercise. It provides mental stimula-
the side. The coat comes in both a short
pack leader they will developed many be-
tion, and satisfies the migration instinct,
coat or a long, wavy or flat coat. All col-
havior issues, such as jealousy, aggres-
all dogs have. Because of this, small
ors, both solid, marked or splashed are
sion with other dogs and sometimes with
breeds such as the Chihuahua tend to
accepted. Colors include, but are not lim-
humans, and will become undeniably
become snappish, yappy, protective, and
ited to, black, white, chestnut, fawn, sand,
suspicious of people except for their
untrustworthy with kids and humans they
silver, sable, steel blue, black & tan and
owner. When strangers are present, they
do not know. Chihuahua's who are their
will begin to follow their owner's every
human's pack leader tend to be fairly
move, keeping as close as possible. A
dog-aggressive. An owner who realizes
Chihuahua who is pack leader of their hu-
this and treats the Chi-
Temperament: The Chihuahua is a good companion dog.
tremely lively, proud and adventurous, they enjoy affection. Brave,
mans may snap at children. This breed is generally not recommended for children, not because they are not good
huahua no differently than they would a large breed, becoming a clear pack leader, will get a differ-
cheerful and agile. Chihuahua's can be strong-
ent, more app e a l i n g
willed without the proper
human leadership. They are
of this wonderful lit-
loyal and become attached to
their owners. Some like to lick
them to be good little
their owner's faces. Socialize them
Height, Weight: Height: 6-9 inches (15-23 cm.) Weight: 2-6 pounds (1-3 kg.)
even tiny ones, need to feel their own-
about once per month, taking care not
ers are strong minded beings able to
to get water in the ears. Check the ears
handle the entire pack.Living Condi-
regularly and keep the nails trimmed.
This breed is an average shedder.
They are good little dogs for apart-
Prone to rheumatism, slipped stifle,
ment life. The Chihuahua likes warm
colds, and gum problems. Also corneal
weather and dislikes the cold. They
This is the oldest breed on the American
dryness and secondary glaucoma, do to
need space just like any other dog. Be-
continent and the smallest breed in the
their protruding eyes. Gains weight eas-
cause they are small does not mean
world. Native to Mexico, where it re-
ily. Take caution around toxic products
they can be kept in a vary small area.
ceived it's name from the Mexican State of Chihuahua. It was only brought to Eu-
such as chocolate or fertilizer. This is a very small breed and it will not take
rope at the end of the nineteenth cen-
much to poison them. Chihuahuas are
Although it is tempting to carry these
tury. What breeds were used to make
often born via cesarean section be-
dainty creatures about; these are active
up the Chihuahua are unclear, but some
cause puppies are born with relatively
little dogs, who need a daily walk. Play
think it originated from the Fennec Fox.
large heads. Susceptible to fractures
can take care of a lot of their exercise
and other accidents in puppyhood.
needs, however, as with all breeds, play
Columbian Indian nations and were
Some Chihuahuas have a molera, an
will not fulfill their primal instinct to walk.
also popular pets to the upper class.
unclosed section of the skull which can
Dogs who do not get to go on daily
The dogs are prized for their size and
remain open throughout life. This
walks are more likely to display a wide
are most valued to some fanciers when
makes the dog prone to injury. Has a
array of behavior problems, as well as
tenancy to wheeze
neurotic issues. They will also enjoy a
good romp in a safe open area off lead,
such as a large fenced in yard.
and snore, because their
weigh 2-1/4 (1.3
short muzz l e s . Prone
Life Expectancy: About 15 or more years.
by the owners
The smooth, short-haired coat should
be gently brushed occasionally or sim-
ply wiped over with a damp cloth. The
CKC, FCI, AKC, UKC, KCGB,
like little ba-
long coat should be brushed daily with
CKC, ANKC, NKC, NZKC,
bies. All dogs,
a soft bristle brush. Bathe both types
APRI, ACR, DRA.
Potty Training Puppies are like babies - they are not
Keep your puppy on a schedule.
him time to be sure he won't have to go
‘house trained’! You cannot put puppies in
Feed him at the same time every day, and
nappies, so they must learn where to go,
try to get up and go to bed close to the
as well as where not to. Patients are often
same time every day while he's being potty
clean—pick up feces every day. You don't
needed. Never be unkind or rough. Ypu
like to step in it, and neither does he.
must realize that a puppy can’t wait. It
Puppies need lots of water, espe-
again in three minutes. •
Keep your puppy's potty place
If you don't have the time or pa-
needs to go at once! Here are some guide-
cially if they eat dry dog food. However,
tience to potty train a puppy, then adopt or
lines to help you potty train your puppy.
while you're potty training, feed your pup at
buy an older puppy or adult dog that is al-
These procedures will work whether you're
least four hours before bedtime, and re-
ready potty trained.
training your puppy to go outdoors or to go
move his water two hours before bedtime.
in a litter box indoors (which many toy dogs
Puppies do have accidents. It's very im-
Take your puppy to potty after
portant to remove all trace of odor from any
are trained to do). I don't advocate paper
every meal as well as the first thing in the
place your pup potties. Regular cleansers
training, especially with a dog that you will
morning, the last thing at night, every time
won't do it—you may not smell urine or
eventually want to potty outdoors. If you
he wakes up from a nap, after an active
feces after washing the area with soap and
paper train him to go indoors, you'll just
play session, and in the wee hours of the
water, but your pup has a much more sen-
have to retrain him later to go outdoors.
morning if you hear him moving around.
sitive nose than you have. If he smells
Why not start by training for what you really
Take him on a leash to the place you want
waste odors, he'll think he's found the toilet.
him to use—that will teach him to use that
Pet supply stores sell several types of spe-
If you buy a puppy, buy from a re-
spot, and also teach him that he can go
cial cleansers designed to eliminate odors.
sponsible breederwho has already started
even on leash with you standing right there.
An inexpensive alternative for urine odors
That can be important if you're away from
(but not feces) is a 50-50 mixture of white
vinegar and water. I keep a spray bottle full
Crate or confine your puppy when
you can't watch him—always. Train other family members to do the same.
When you take your puppy to
when I expect puppy messes to clean up.
potty, don't play with him until after he does
If you see your puppy start to go in the
If you feed your puppy a commer-
his business. If he doesn't go within 10 min-
house, say “No” or “Anh!” pick him up, and
cial dog food, feed dry food. It will keep his
utes, put him in his crate for 10 to 15 min-
take him out. When he's finished, put him
stools more solid.
utes, then take him to potty again. When
somewhere safe and clean up the mess.
•Confine your puppy to
he potties, praise him and reward him with
Don't yell at your puppy or punish him for
rooms with tile or other
a treat or short playtime. Wait a few min-
accidents. Don't rub his nose in it. If you
washable flooring so mis-
utes before you take him in—sometimes
don't see him start to go but find an acci-
takes don't ruin carpets.
puppies don't finish on the first try, so give
dent later (a minute later) just clean it up.
Bowwow Most puppies will signal that they're about to potty. When your pup is loose in the house, keep a close eye on him. If he starts to turn in circles, sniff the floor, or arch his back while walking,pick him up and take him out. Once a baby starts to go, he can't stop if he's on his own feet. Help him get to the right place; then praise and reward him with play or a treat when he finishes.
House Training Puppies – Praise & Rewards : One of the key factors to success is praising your puppy when he does the right thing. This teaches him exactly what you want him to do, and he will work to earn your praise. When you first begin the process of house training puppies, select a phrase to use each time you take your pup to the toilet. Something along the lines of “do your business” will work well. Personally, I use “go potty!” but that’s because I have 2 adorable little Maltese girls. You need to watch for action and wait patiently. As soon as they have done the deed (and I mean THE MOMENT they are done) you should go wild with praise, applause, excitement. The puppy needs to be shown that you are over the moon about this behavior, as he wants to please you. The more excited you are, the more he will see he just did something really good, and now’s there’s a reward coming his way. The reward can be in the form of enthusiastic praise, affection and/or an especially tasty treat like a piece of cooked chicken or dried liver treats. Start with your praise, and then quickly follow up with the treat or affection, as they will lose the connection after a minute or so. House training puppies can be a challenging process, and offering praise and rewards for good behavior will certainly speed up the process. Most dogs will start to get the hang of it pretty quickly and you may not need to resort to little bits of cooked chicken in your pockets, but if you have been making the effort at house training dogs for some time already, then go ahead and see if a delicious treat will be that extra bit of motivation your pup needs. My Maltese pups love the dried liver treats, such as these ones from Amazon. If you are in the process of learning how to train a puppy, you will find that the treats method can be very effective. Some people also use a clicker system for rewards, and if you are using a clicker to train your puppy, you can also use the clicker during potty training, as a way to let your puppy know a treat is coming. Here is a great clicker training system you can use for both house training and obediance training.
7 Stages of Development Stage 1 (2-3 Weeks) This is the time when a puppy’s eyes will open. This will be the moment when his first response to light, sound and movements become visible. Rudimentary movements such as crawling will be noticed. Identification of his mom and siblings also take place during this stage.
Stage 2 (3-7 Weeks) This is the stage for rapid sensory and physical development for puppies. A puppy now becomes completely aware of his environment and begins to recognize the members of the household. This stage is crucial for his behavioral and social growth that major changes or deafening noises should be avoided because they can bring negative impacts to his personality. A puppy should not be separated from his mom and siblings during this period as identification of being a dog occurs here. ‘Canine manners’ are taught to puppies by their mothers at this stage. Natural ‘bite inhibition’ can be learned by a puppy through interactive plays with his littermates. This learning is extremely important making it ideal to keep puppies with their families.
Stage 3 (7-12 Weeks) On the 8th week, a puppy is now ready to leave his canine family and transfer to a new home, although it is more ideal for smaller breeds to have it on their 10th to 12th week as they normally grow less slowly. A pup may look very tiny to relocate but at this time he already possesses the intelligence and curiosity to live away from his family. This is the best stage to train a puppy and expose him to people, to other animals, and to the environment. However, he should be protected 14 Growth
against all form of infections as his immune system is not yet fully developed making him vulnerable to diseases.
Stage 4 (12-16 Weeks) This is the stage of defiance wherein a pup would try to dominate over his master. Strict implementation of house-rules and routines should be practiced while this behavior persists. This behavior is merely a way of identifying his role in the household and in the society so donâ€™t worry yourself much on this. Rabies vaccination is given on the 16th week which means that he can now go out with you to explore the world outside the premises of your home.
Stage 5 (17-40 Weeks) As part of puppy development, imposing dominance over you is still evident on this stage. Patience and consistency is important to let him know that you are in charge of him and not the other way around. If you want to sterilize your puppy, it should be done during this period.During this period your pup should lose his last baby teeth (the front 'fangs' or upper canines) and will have a full set of adult teeth.It's a good idea to get your puppy neutered (or if you have a female, have her spayed) during this period, definitely before 6 months of age.
Stage 6 (40-52 Weeks) Small breed pups may reach maturity by the end of this period, but for the large or giant breed puppies there is still a long way to go! Some of the extra-large dogs don't become adult until they are somewhere between 2 and 3 years old. There will be a more noticeable difference between the development of small and large breed pups. Small or tiny breeds should be starting to settle down in terms of behavior, and they will have reached their full height and weight.
Stage 7 (Over a Year) There won't be much change in terms of growth or development for small and tiny breeds, but somewhere between 18 months and 3 years of age the large breed pups will reach their full height, then their full weight. You can now switch your pup over from his puppy food to a premium dog food, as his nutritional needs are changing. They will become adults - at last! If you've spent time training and socializing your puppy and taken good care of his both his physical and emotional health, you can now breathe a sigh of relief! You have raised a happy, healthy and confident dog. Well done :)
Kim Bloomer Dr. Kim Bloomer is a veterinary naturopath, and the creator and host of Animal Talk Naturally radio show. She hosts the show weekly with her like-minded colleague, Dr. Jeannie Thomason. Dr. Kim is the co-author of the book Whole Health for Happy Dogs and author of the book Animals Taught Me That. Dr. Kim’s articles have been featured in various publications including Animal Wellness Magazine, Natural Horse Magazine, and Dogs Naturally Magazine. She is an adjunct professor with Kingdom College of Natural Health. Dr. Kim is trained and knowledgeable in the preventive, holistic health care of dogs and cats through proper species appropriate nutrition and other natural modalities. Its an honour that she has given an interview to ‘BARk’ and we hope our dog lovers take the best of her advises.
DoG-fOoD-dOg Interview on Raw Food Diet taken by Love to Know who asks questions on behalf of our readers
What people fail to realize is that all
cause we're the ones who purchase the
those things can and do happen with
food. No one wants to think of their dogs
processed commercial foods, particularly
as house wolves or their cats as house
kibble. And while those things can hap-
lions, but that is exactly what they are. So
LoveToKnow (LTK): Why is raw food
pen with raw feeding, there are some
to reiterate, most of the misconceptions
very simple solutions to counter all of
are merely misplaced fear-based notions
Kim Bloomer (KB): This is simple -
those misplaced concerns. Something to
from a human, not a canine, perspective.
because dogs are opportunistic scav-
keep in mind about dogs is that they are
LTK: What are some problems with
best for dogs?
enger carnivores. Their entire anatomy
scavenger animals designed to eat just
and physiology is designed to eat a raw,
like any other wild scavenger animal.
KB: My colleague, Dr. Jeannie Thoma-
Things that would be unthinkable for us
son puts it best when she says, "Kibble
to eat are simply part of a dog's natural
is kibble is kibble no matter what label is
diet. After all, many dogs eat poop with
on the package." She wrote a great arti-
no problem, but it sure isn't something
cle that explains in detail all that is wrong
we'd want to do!
with kibble.Most kibble include grains that
LTK: What are some common misconceptions about raw food diets? KB: Oh there are a lot of misconcep-
tions, especially by those who would
This leads to the primary problem, and
rather pet owners not know that there is
that is that those afraid to feed a raw diet
zymes to digest adding to problems in
a natural way to feed their pets. I recently
are most likely basing it all on their own
their long-term health that begin to pres-
wrote an article about some of those mis-
likes or dislikes or their own nutritional
ent initially with allergies, skin problems
conceptions (Removing the Fears Asso-
needs or human limitations, since we are
and so on.
ciated with Raw Feeding). Some of the
not scavenger animals. Our dogs are re-
misconceptions include things such as
ally buzzards on four legs with fur.
"they'll get parasites" or 18 Food
"there will be a bacteria problem.”
dogs simply do not have the proper en-
That's one of many things wrong with kibble - not to mention it is so overcooked
The pet food manufacturers certainly
as to not have any nutrients of any value
aren't catering to the needs of our pets,
left. Let's not count the synthetic sprayed
rather they are catering toour needs be-
on version of "nutrients" put on kibble as
I need to add one last comment here. Balanced and complete does not exist in reality in every single meal - not for us and not for our animals. That has been a great marketing tactic, but in truth it doesn't exist. Balance comes over time, eating what our compared to real nutrients
actually digest found only in the raw version of food.
bodies need to thrive with variety. The same holds true for our pets.
Implementing a Raw Diet LTK: What should be included in a raw food diet and what should be avoided?
Also, dogs do not come
KB: Quite simply, a raw meaty bone diet
equipped with grinding molars
is what should be fed. The best description
needed for eating and digesting
of that diet is found in Dr. Tom Lonsdale's
grains and other things such as
book Work Wonders: Feed Your Dog Raw
vegetables, ingredients that are typically found in the majority in kibble. I always wonder how wild dogs, wolves
Meaty Bones. LTK: How do you know how much to feed with raw food? KB: Again, that is simple and yet individ-
ual to each dog. We are all unique, and so
grasses or eating parts
are they. Each dog will have different
tastes, likes and dislikes just like us. So we
equated to domestic
need to learn about those needs and know
dogs needing veg-
etables - they get
I typically tell my clients to feed approxi-
mately two to three percent of their dog's
they need from the
total weight daily (once per day) in a 1:2
flesh of the animals
bone to meat ratio. You need the raw bone
they consume. We ex-
in there with the meat so as to not upset
plain it in detail on the
the natural calcium/phosphorus balance.
Dr. Lonsdale really explains this in his book. I have also put togetheran entire page on my website that includes links to learning websites, videos, audios, etc. to help people who prefer to learn on their own. Otherwise, it is advisable to set up a consultation with a veterinary naturopath
If you wish to ask Dr. Kim Bloomer any questions regarding your dog mail us on firstname.lastname@example.org or visit www.bark.com!
TAKE CARE Because your dog cannot speak it relies on you to recognize if something is wrong. Know the symptons of diseases your dog may suffer from. Take Care!
In times of illness, the vet is your dog’s very best friend!
If it limps, a damaged foot or leg is indicated. Shaking the head may mean earache. Dogs do not make a fuss and rarely cry, but if your dog seems quite, doesn’t want to play or go out and isn’t keen on food, it may be ill. Warmth and complete rest are necessary for recovery. If there is no improvement go to the vet or ask him to call. Vets’ fees vary, and it costs more for them to come out to you than for you to visit the surgery. Some vets have an appointment system. Find out these things before your dog becomes ill.
Some Symptoms: Dull, runny eyes, runnying noses and a temperature are symptoms of illness and need expert attention from a vet. If a dog scratches, it may just have dirt in his coat, but it may mean fleas or a skin disease, so see the vet. 20 Health
If a dog spins round on his bottom it may have worms. The common ones are tape and round worms. The vet can give the correct tablets which will kill them but a second dose is needed to kill their eggs. Regular worming is a good idea. Look out for parasites like fleas, ticks, lice and worms while grooming your dog. Fleas live on wild creatures, in grass, straw etc., and can hop onto dogs. Specialflea powder, rubbed onto the coat will kill them. Wash and treat the dog’s bed and repeat during warm weather. Follow instructions carefully. Mites are very tiny, and need a vet to diagnose and treat them. Sheep ticks move to dogs, dig in the skin and suck blood. A pad of chloroform, parafifin or the tip of a lighted cigarette on the back, makes it retract its pincers and drop off.
SYMPTOMS AND TREATMENTS Dog Constipation : Regular grooming will prevent excessive hair ingestion and regular exercise will encourage bowel regularity. A newly formulated hairball prevention diet that is commercially available
IN YOUR KIT
dissolves hair ingested via daily grooming and is available through your veterinarian. Access to a frequently-cleaned litter box (in dogs, frequent opportunities to defecate) is important. Lubricant laxatives can also be effective. These usually contain a combination of mineral oil and/or petrolatum along with a flavor base. They soften and lubricate feces and thereby make it easier to expel. Nutritionally pets should avoid bones, have access to fresh water at all times, and be fed a high fiber diet. Your veterinarian can advise you which steps are best suited for your pet.
Eye Tearing : If your pet experiences excessive tearing, you should have your veterinarian carefully examine his or her eyes to make sure that the problem is not simply a cosmetic one. If your veterinarian finds no medical basis for the excessive tearing, you can try several of the over-the-counter tear stain-removal products. You may need to try more than one type before getting results. Usually, wiping the face twice daily with a wet face cloth is sufficient.
Dog Joint Pains : Recent advances in the treatment of arthritis have resulted in a favorable prognosis for both dogs and humans suffering from this crippling disease. If you suspect that your dog may be suffering from arthritis, consult your veterinarian so that a diagnosis can be made and various therapeutic options discussed.
Weight Problems : Once a veterinarian has examined your pet, it should be weighed and a goal should be set for how much weight is to be lost within a specific period of time. Ideally, your pet should be placed on a reducing diet (available from your veterinarian). These diets are balanced rations that have all the necessary nutrients your pet needs, but less calories than full rations. Commercially available "light" or calorie-reduced diets are
Tweezer Hemostat / forceps Scissors First aid tape Cotton gauze pads Regular bandaids Cotton swabs or Q-tips Benadryl ascriptin (buffered aspirin) Thermometer Safety pins 3" x 3" gauze sponges Ace elastic bandage Triangular bandage Band-Aids 2" roll gauze / Conform stretch bandage Sam splint 1" adhesive tape Exam gloves Safety pins in several sizes razor blade (paper Wrapped for protection) Matches Non-adhering dressing / Telfa / Release 2" roll Medi-Rip / Vetwrap Betadine solution Sting ease Aspirin K-Y jelly Benadryl (2-4mg/kg) * Antibiotics (Ampicillin / Tetracycline) * Topical ointments (Panalog / Tritop / Neomycin / Neosporin) * Ophthalmic Ointment without steroid (Mycitracin / Terramycin) * Steroid (Prednisolone) * Anti-diarrhea medication * Emetic, to cause the dog to vomit (Apomorphine)
good for maintaining weight loss or preventing obesity, but are not recommended for a weight-reduction program. 21 Health
den hose may be effective. Ice packs
The main signs of atopy are mainly itch-
should not be used because overcooling
iness and scratching in one or more of
often occurs. The skin should be mas-
the following areas:
saged gently, and the legs flexed fre-
Face - Rubbing of the face, including
around the eyes, ears, and muzzle.
circulation. While this is being done,
There is often a history of chronic recur-
it is essential that the pet be trans-
rent ear infections.
ported to a veterinary hospital as quickly
Paws - Dogs with atopy often bite, chew and/or lick their paws.
as possible. Heat stroke can occur surprisingly
Groin/Underarms - There may be
fast, even when animals are left for only
chewing, licking, biting and/or scratching
short periods of time in cars with the win-
between the back legs (groin) and/or the
dows partially rolled down. Since pre-
vention still remains the best alternative,
animals are best not left alone in unat-
Your veterinarian diagnoses atopy by
tended cars or in a yard without shade
means of a thorough history-taking and
and water in warm weather.
physical examination. If necessary, an allergy test may be done to confirm the diagnosis while at the same time deter-
Dog Hearing Problems
mining what it is that your dog is allergic
You can determine your pet's ability to
to and causing rashes.
hear by making various noises (from quiet to increasingly louder noises) and
seeing if your pet reacts. Often, pets will display an involuntary flicking or twitch-
Rabies is almost always fatal. However,
ing of the ears (called "Pryor's reflex) in
if a dog or person is bitten by a rabid an-
response to a sound. Some veterinary
imal and begins treatment prior to expe-
schools have also had some degree of
riencing symptoms, there is an effective
success with objective evaluations of
post-exposure treatment, which involves
hearing, using electro diagnostic proce-
an injection of immune globulin and sev-
eral rabies vaccines given to the infected victim over a 28-day period.
If you suspect that your pet has a hearing problem, consult your veterinarian so that he or she can determine what
Dog Heat Stroke
kind of deafness is involved and what can be done about it.
Heat stroke occurs when a pet has an extremely high body temperature, usually more than 41 degrees C (106 de-
Bone Hip Dysplasia
grees F). Signs include rapid panting,
Fortunately, there are many treatment
warm dry skin, bright red gums, vomit-
options available to help dogs suffering
ing, and an anxious expression or star-
from CHD, ranging from drug therapy to
ing appearance. Collapse, coma and
relieve pain to total hip replacement.
death follow shortly thereafter. An animal
The use of these options will depend
with heat stroke must have its body tem-
on the dog's weight, age, and severity
perature reduced quickly. Most effective
of the disease. Your veterinarian will
is immediate immersion in a cold water.
help you decide which option may be
If unavailable, hosing it down with a gar-
best suited for your dog
her...her ears pricked up and
then cried myself to sleep.
she cocked her head to the side. I went into the building
with an unexplainable urge...I
and asked what kind of dog
have a dog story that is special
was anxious and excited and I
she was. I was told a 2 year
to me because I believe it
could not get the thought of
old Lab/St. Bernard cross (so
saved my life. I was trying to
going to the Society For The
you can imagine the size).
deal with depression, anxiety
Prevention of Cruelty to Ani-
She said normally they would
and social phobia. I was at a
mals (S.P.C.A.) out of my
give a big dog like that to a
very low point in my life, I had
mind. I tried to quit thinking
farm but because she chases
just gave birth to a new baby, I
about it as another "being" in
cattle (which was the reason
already had 2 other children,
the house is just more work
she was there), they wanted
and I couldn't leave the house.
but I couldn't, I had to go!
someone in the city to adopt
Also when my new baby
I got a friend to watch my
was only a week old I found
kids and I drove to the SPCA.
out that his father wasn't who
As soon as I pulled up a bunch
Well we went into the back
he said he was (but that's an-
of dogs came out into their
where the pens were and I
other story). Anyways, I was
runs, they were bouncing and
walked straight over to this
sitting on the couch in the little
whining and barking...all ex-
beautiful golden brown/white
house I was renting, crying my
cept one. She was the most
eyes out which had become a
beautiful dog I had ever seen,
regular event. I was holding
she was huge but I couldn't
reached into the little hole of
my son and wondering what I
take my eyes off her. She too
the pen and she came up and
was going to do, I felt so sad
just sat staring at me sitting
flipped my hand onto her head
there in the car. I don't remem-
with her nose.
pressed, and felt useless to my
ber what any of the other dogs
I laughed at this, she was
children and was even consid-
looked like...I don't think I even
strong, but yet so this, she was
ering "taking myself out of the
took notice of them except all
strong, but yet so gentle. She
the noise and commotion they
wasn't jumping or barking just
sitting there happy to have my
I began to pray, I prayed for an angel to help me, to guide
couldn't help but smile at
then put my son to bed and The next morning I woke "Hi.
me, to make my life better. I
I got out of the car and
her...plus she seemed more of an indoor dog.
I couldn't get over her She was huge!
hand on her head.
That's when I saw it...just
head on my shoulder like she
was a very nice man who had
above eye level was a little
was giving me a hug...on partic-
picked her up and he said he
name tag...I had to look twice
ularly sad days if I was on the
was going to drop her off. Well
because it shocked me...but
couch or my bed she'd get right
he did drop her off and the nice
yes there it was her name and
up on my lap and curl up...I
man and I have been together
it was ANGEL!! I knew at that
couldn't even move from the
moment it was meant to be. I
weight of her! But she always
said I want her, I want to take
cheered me up.
she hadn't come into my life
her home with me now.
This Angel saved my life...if
constantly check on the baby or
when she did I may not be here
And so it was done, there she
lay at his feet like she was pro-
today to share this story. The
was, this "gentle giant" in my lit-
tecting him. I put him in a jolly
moments i and my Angel
jumper and Angel would lay at
shared are the most beautiful. I
It was like a miracle...sud-
his feet while he jumped on her.
believe all dogs are angels...no
denly I was out of the house
She would even sleep as he
matter how big or small or
crawled on her, pulled at her
breed. They love you uncondi-
walks. I felt safe for the first
ears ect. she was definitely a
tionally, and always seem to
time in a long time. And, I real-
know when you need them
ized I was happier.
Then one day she got out and
most. I still have my "big girl"
I still had moments of sad-
ran. She ran as fast as she
and now my family lives on an
ness of course but it was like
could. I couldn't find her and
acreage where she can run
Angel could sense them...she
was very panicky when sud-
free...and guess what?
always came to me and put her
denly a phone call came in. It
DOESN'T chase the cattle!!
Natasha Kapoor (The best story selected among the rest sent to us. Thankyou so much for sharing your â€˜angelâ€™ experience)
*These are real life experiences shared by our readers. If you wish to share your stories, mail us at email@example.com or visit www.bark.com
1.Collect the materials you will need so you will have everything close at hand. If your dog needs its teeth brushed, try brushing them in the bath. Some other materials generally include pet shampoo, combs and brushes, towels, and doggie treats (optional). If you want to clean the dog's ears, cotton balls would also be a good idea. 2.Allow your dog time to adjust to the idea of getting a bath. If you have a puppy, the whole process may be somewhat frightening, so take things slowly. Help your dog to associate the tub or sink with pleasant things by speaking in a soothing voice and giving him treats. Be ready to put lots of effort into making the bath a positive experience for your dog. It will pay off in the long run if your pet is a happy participant, rather than frightened or resistant. 3.Groom your dog's coat before bathing to remove loose dirt, mats and snarls. Tangles in your dog's coat will be much harder to remove once his coat is wet. If you find yourself chopping away at matted fur, have it cut by a professional groomer the first time, then groom your pet more regularly to avoid matting in the future. 4. Decide whether you will bathe your dog in the bathtub or kitchen sink. This is not only a question of your dog's size--it is also important to judge whether your dog is likely to remain calm/obedient during his bath. If there's any chance he might jump away from you, you should bathe your dog in a bathtub, rather than risk a fall from the sink. Another option is to take your dog with you right into the shower. You will get wet no matter what, so why not kill two birds with one stone? 5. Place either a rubber mat or a small towel on the bottom of the sink/bathtub. This will keep your dog from slipping on the 28 Clean
wet surface, and will help him feel more comfortable.
6. Test the water temperature before beginning to wet your dog's coat. Keep your hand in the water to make sure the water temperature remains correct. If you're using the kitchen sink, the spray hose attachment makes it easy to wet your dog down. Sprayers emit a sound that affects some dogs, so you may wish to have a small plastic pitcher handy to pour water over your dog. (Spray attachments are also available for your bath tub to make bathing your dog easier.) 7. Use a shampoo designed specifically for pets, rather than your own personal shampoo. Quality pet shampoos take into consideration that a dog's skin has a different pH level than human skin. There are also tearfree shampoos that will not sting a dog's eyes. (Remember that just like human tear-free shampoos, they simply contain an eyenumbing agent, and the soap exposure can still damage the eyes. Keep all shampoo, tear-free or not, out of the eyes as much as possible.) Dilute the shampoo and apply from a squeeze bottle (like a dishwashing liquid) so you can squirt the shampoo wherever you wish. A great smelling conditioner is a nice addition. Consult your veterinarian if your dog has skin irritations or other conditions. 8.Avoid getting water or shampoo in your dog eyes/ears. You can gently place a cotton ball in your dog's ears to help keep the inner ear dry. Rather than using the spray hose on your dog face, your dog will be happier to have his face cleaned gently with a warm, wet wash cloth. 9.Rinse all shampoo out of your dog's coat thoroughly. If you can still see bubbles on the dog, you need to rinse a couple more times. 10. Wrap your dog in a bath towel to absorb most of the water. Change towels as needed to continue drying your dog's coat. Let his coat air dry once you have blotted up as much water as you reasonably can. 11.Blow-dry your dog's coat to get your dog dry more quickly, if he will tolerate this. Always use a low-temperature setting to avoid burning your dog's skin. 29 Clean