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SUSTAINABLE GROWTH

PHASE INITIAL

PHASE NEXT

The initial phase is realized within the boundaries of

The second phase considers annexation of the adjacent

the three given lots. The northern lot developed by

properties by Gemeinnutzige Bau-U, the south most

Raiffeisen Evolution reflects adjacent high density and

developer. A thoroughfare connection is established

would serve as a gateway into the new development.

uniting all three sites. Semi-public, pedestrian access

Close proximity to the metro allows the northern site

only corridors run as vertical and horizontal bands. These

to attract critical mass. Property south of RoĂ&#x;lergasse

green pathways unify the development by connecting a

Street developed by Buwog-Bauen and Wohnen

variety of social programs throughout the site.

Gesellschaft continues the gesture of semi-private interior courtyards that originates in the existing adjacent mid-rise residential. Public and communal program are located within these interior courtyards. Flexible ground floor allows for future commercial and economic growth.

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URBAN DESIGN PROGRAM


SUSTAINABLE GROWTH

PHASE OTHER

PHASE COMPLETE

An arterial road, parallel to the train line expands

The final phase realizes a fully built out site, with a

fully, creating a second gateway to the residential

thriving street life, and sustainable social and economic

community. The new transit route and the growing

community. Pedestrian only roads emphasize social

residential community bring additional critical mass to

amenities, like green courtyards, swimming pools,

support economic activity. Public parks, underground

soccer fields, urban farming, grey water collection, and

parking, and community facilities provide the necessary

parks. A central square provides an identity not only to

amenities for successful residential development.

the new development but to the entire Liesing district.

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INITIAL PHASE

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SUSTAINABLE GROWTH: SOCIAL, ECONOMIC, AND ECOLOGICAL CATALYSTS

BY LILLY DJANIANTS ANDY GOLUBITSKY SUN JOO PARK

Liesing is the twenty third district of Vienna, located on

To solve this challenge, an incentive based development

the city’s southwest periphery. It was and still is a district

system of cellular growth was initiated to allow for

of eight distinct historic communities with identities

planning flexibility. By applying formal and programmatic

preserved from its medieval heritage. Though it is one

rules to unforeseeable economic and social changes, a

of the largest districts, it is one of the least populated

natural coherent development can begin to take shape.

in Vienna. The population scarcity, the scattered infill of modern housing, and the absence of hierarchy,

A key challenge of this project was to create a unified

further contributes to the lack of clear identity on site.

yet diverse building fabric that could accommodate numerous age groups, lifestyles, and demographics.

Due to the combination of forces from the traditional

By providing rules of engagement that shape the built

decentralized village oriented development and the linear

fabric, developers themselves begin to promote formal

transit oriented growth along the U6, we believe the given

and programmatic contiguity as the site develops

sites can become the new face and gateway to Liesing.

from initial phase to full build out.

Developers will

be further rewarded if they are to address issues The disparate building fabric, the strong willed existing residents,

and

the

pliant

political

of

ecological

and

environmental

sustainability.

representatives,

call for a “complete” incremental growth beyond the

We believe the natural process of supply and demand

initial germ cells of the three identified sites.

The

paired with a model of positive reinforcement will create

new development can only be manifested through

a consistent yet diverse development. The incremental

a

a

cellular growth of this region will allow for flexibility in

This would be imperative to the

financing and innovation in design for generations to come.

continuous

mutually

clear strategic plan.

beneficial

dialogue

and

successful implementation of flexible germ cell growth.

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SUSTAINABLE GROWTH

GLOBAL ISSUES DEBT-TO-GDP ENERGY PROPOSED NABUCCO GAS PIPELINE PORTUGAL, ITALY, GREECE, JAPAN 90% -100% + PROPOSED ROUTE TO CHINA EXISTING GAS & OIL LINES

75% - 90%

SPAIN, PAKISTAN, MOROCCO

AUSTRIA, UK, GERMANY, POLAND

NORWAY, BELARUSSIA, SWITZERLAND 60% - 75%

CHINA, FINLAND, CZECH REP, SLOVAKIA45% - 60%

RUSSIA,

TURKEY, UKRAINE, SWEDEN

30% - 45%

SAUDI ARABIA, IRAN, KAZAKSTAN

15% - 30%

OMAN, ALGERIA

0% - 15% NO DATA

CHINA

GERMANY GREECE

HUNGARY IRAN

ITALY POLAND

ROMANIA

RUSSIA

SERBIA SLOVAKIA

SWITZERLAND

TURKEY

UKRAINE USA

IMMIGRATION

Current global trends predict that energy is volatile

an aging yet diverse population. The needs of the

and sustainability is the key for economic and political

residents are rapidly evolving making a master plan

stability of cities. Economic and Political shifts in

very cumbersome and inefficient. We believe that

Europe created waves of immigration from countries

sustainable development must not only focus on

east and south of Vienna. The change in lifestyles

energy production and conservation, but set the stage

marked by decreasing Viennese household sizes and

for integrated communities that are a socially diverse

a lowered birth rate of the local population produced

and economically flexible.

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SUSTAINABLE GROWTH

VIENNA

DISTRICT 23: LIESING

10% WATERS WATERS

12%

URBAN

28%

13% URBAN SITE

15% AGRICULTURE ZONES

NATURAL FOREST ZONES

34% NATURAL FOREST ZONES

43%

VIENNA’S GEOLOGY

enironmental context

AGE +60

LIESING’S GEOLOGY

22% 24.6% AGE +60

ALTERLAA

SITE SIEBENHIRTEN

FOREIGN POPULATION 18.7%

8.9% FOREIGN POPULATION

social context

VIENNA’S POPULATION STRUCTURE

LIESING’S POPULATION STRUCTURE

1.8% ENERGY WATER & WASTE MGMT ENERGY WATER & WASTE MGMT 2.8%

5.5 % TRANSIT

IT & COMMUNICATION 10.5%

7.1% IT & COMMUNICATION

REAL ESTATE 8.5% FINANCE 10%

15.6% OTHER ECONOMIC SERVICES

PRODUCTION & GOODS 10.5%

ALTERLAA

TRADE 13.4%

SITE

23.1% PRODUCTION & GOODS

SIEBENHIRTEN

OTHER ECONOMIC SERVICES 14% PERFEKTASTRASSE

SIEBENHIRTEN

36.1% TRADE

PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION 18%

economic context

COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY

VIENNA’S MAJOR MODES OF PRODUCTION

LIESING’S MAJOR MODES OF PRODUCTION

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SUSTAINABLE GROWTH

existing circulation

TOP DOWN STRATEGY

existing density

Alterlaa

U

existing road ex e

site

site

U

N

Erlaaer Straße

HOUSING DENSITY

ROAD NETWORK

The strategic plan is a top down design policy that respectfully considers surrounding context with regards to building typology and population density. A strong focus is placed on open spaces and shared social amenities. Pedestrian Bioswale 5’ 3’

Vehicle 10’

Bike 4’

green corridor

Bioswale Pedestrian 3’ 5’

SECONDARY ROADS

Existing fabric of the surrounding neighborhoods is homogeneous in density, and lacks diversity in building FAR BASE typology or architectural scale. The schematic approach FAR +2.6 for the proposed development allows for flexibility of mixFAR +2.1 use, mix-income and mix-density of building typology. FAR +1.5

GREEN CORRIDOR CRITICAL MASS ARTERIAL ROADS SUBWAY EXISTING ROADS

existing roads

30’ Residential Road

subway

bonus FAR

BONUS FAR

FAR +2.6 FAR LINE

FAR +2.5

+2.1

FAR +2.0

FAR +1.5

FAR +2.5

FAR +1.0

FAR +1.0 FAR +2.0

FAR +0.3

FAR +1.0

FAR +1.0

FAR +0.3

bonus FAR

Porous Pavement Pedestrian Bioswale 8’

20’ - 60’ Pedestrian Road

5’ Pedestrian Bioswale 8’

5’

Vehicle

Vehicle

10’

10’

Bike 4’

5’

8’

Pedestrian 10’

5’

10’

Bike 4’

Bioswale Pedestrian 5’

8’

bonus FAR

bonus FAR

10’

Vehicle

10’

collector road guidelines

50’ Residential Road

Bioswale

Vehicle

50’ Residential Road

pedestrian path guidelines

Pedestrian

5’

Bioswale Pedestrian

Bike 3’

Vehicle 10’

10’

Parking

Bioswale

Pedestrian

7’

5’

10’

Bioswale 5’

Bike 3’

Vehicle 10’

10’

Parking

Bioswale

Pedestrian

7’

5’

10’

61’ Arterial Road Pedestrian Bioswale 5’ 3’

61’ Arterial Road

Vehicle 10’

Bike 4’

Bioswale Pedestrian 3’ 5’

30’ Residential Road

arterial road guidelines

residential road guidelines

Porous Pavement

COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY

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5’

20’ - 60’ Pedestrian Road

URBAN DESIGN PROGRAM


SUSTAINABLE GROWTH

ENVIRONMENTAL

SOCIAL

+ .5 FAR

+ .5 FAR

phase 1 market rate scenario

energy generation

define public space

+ .5 FAR

+ .5 FAR

water retention + .5 FAR

permiability + .5 FAR

passive cool/heat + .5 FAR

flexible ground floor + .5 FAR

green roofs + .5 FAR

phase 1 public housing scenario

facade modulation + .5 FAR

solar orientation + .5 FAR

vertical public space + .5 FAR

high perf. facade + .5 FAR

terraced form + .5 FAR

performative green

BOTTOM UP STRATEGY

multi use / theme

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SUSTAINABLE GROWTH

proposed circulation

PHASE 1 TOP DOWN STRATEGY

proposed density

Alterlaa Alterlaa

U U

ex existing e roa road

ex existing e roa road

site

site

site

N N

Erlaaer Straße Erlaaer Straße

site

U U

PHASE I HOUSING DENSITY and continue throughout the new development. VehicPHASE I BONUS FAR ular roads are strategically allocated to increase value BONUS FAR FAR +2.6 FAR +2.6 FAR +2.6 of existing lots and decrease it at adjacent properties FAR +2.1 FAR +2.1 FAR +2.1 that are inhibiting development. FAR +1.5 FAR +1.5

The initial phase addresses connectivity of given sites toPHASE I ROAD NETWORK PHASE I secondary roads the existing fabric. Circulation is introduced as a form of secondary roads green corridor corridor linear pedestrian paths between buildings. They green green critical mass critical mass arterial roads pathways originate within existing residential complexes arterial roads

SECONDARY ROADS

BONUS FAR

GREEN CORRIDOR

FAR +2.5 FAR +2.5

CRITICAL MASS

FAR +2.5 FAR +2.0 FAR +2.0

ARTERIAL ROADS

subway subway existing roads existing roads

COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY

FAR +2.0

SUBWAY

FAR +1.5

FAR +1.0 FAR +1.0

FAR +1.0 FAR +1.0 FAR +0.3 FAR +0.3 FAR +1.0 FAR +0.3 FAR +1.0

EXISTING ROADS

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URBAN DESIGN PROGRAM


SUSTAINABLE GROWTH

Hierarchy of building fabric and heterogeneous population density is part of the initial strategic plan that considers

PHASE I LAND AREA 2 62,032 M

flexibility of spaces and social and economic diversity.

PUBLIC SPACE

TOTAL GREEN AREA 6,821 SM

PHASE II

107 SPOTS

(3) 2,600 M 2

92 SPOTS

(10) 6,400 M 2

228 SPOTS

STRUCTURED PARKING

(6) 2,332 M 2

84 SPOTS

(5) 2,400 M 2

86 SPOTS

(11) 11,415 M 2

405 SPOTS

STRUCTURED PARKING

(15) 3,336 M 2

120 SPOTS

(8) 3,872 M 2

STRUCTURED PARKING

(18) 7,396 M 2

264 SPOTS

(15) 3,200 M 2

STRUCTURED PARKING

(19) 8,290 M

296 SPOTS

(18) 5,140 M

STRUCTURED PARKING

138 SPOTS 114 SPOTS 182 SPOTS

2

(28) 2,650 M 2

94 SPOTS

(19) 2,455 M 2

87 SPOTS

(20) 2,455 M 2

87 SPOTS

(21) 2,650 M

2

94 SPOTS

(22) 2,650 M 2

94 SPOTS

STRUCTURED PARKING STREET PAKING

30 ~ 40 SPOTS

65 ~ 70 SPOTS

60 ~ 65 SPOTS

STREET PAKING

911 SPOTS 0.6

PARKING

PHASE III

(1) 6,000 M 2

776 SPOTS 0.4

1,035 SPOTS 0.6

P

PHASE I

HOUSING 911 SPOTS FREE MARKET HOUSING (1) FAR 0.63.3 UNITS PHASE II 1,556 PROGRAM / HOUSING

PHASE I

STRUCTURED PARKING

2

P

776 SPOTS

AFFORDABLE HOUSING (2) 0.4 FAR 2.1 ~ 2.6

BONUS PHASE III FAR 1,035 SPOTS 0.6HOUSING (3) AFFORDABLE +1.4 FAR 2.0 TOTAL PARKING

2,722 SPOTS

BASE LINE 0.55 SPACE FAR GREEN 6,005 M 1.8 2

RETAIL BONUS FAR

TOTAL STRUCTURED PARKING PARKING WORK & LIVE AREA FLEXIBLE SPACE 27,354 SM

P P

PARKING STRUCTURED PARKING 0.6 PRE PHASE

P

P

PARKING STREET PARKING SPOTS 911

P

PARKING

STREET PARKIN PRE PHASE

PHASE 1 BOTTOM UP STRATEGY

COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY

GREEN COVERAGE 11% TOTAL BUILD AREA 153,440 SM

PARKING SUMMARY PER PHASE PARKING PLAN

2.1 SM PER PERSON

10

PARKING RATIO 0.6 PARKING ENTRANCE

STREET PARKING

URBAN DESIGN PROGRAM


SUSTAINABLE GROWTH

proposed circulation

PHASE 2 TOP DOWN STRATEGY

proposed density

Alterlaa Alterlaa

U U

e ex

e ex

site

site

site

N N

Erlaaer Straße Erlaaer Straße

site

U U

Phase II projects development of all available lots. Expansion is initiated with circulation and connectivity through arterial roads. The two metro stations serve as anchors for critical mass providing gateways into the new development.

Mix-density urban fabric grows organically based on the incentivized urban tool kit planning strategies that increase FAR’s for each building.

ROAD NETWORK

SECONDARY ROADS GREEN CORRIDOR CRITICAL MASS

HOUSING DENSITY HOUSING DENSITY

ROAD NETWORK ARTERIAL ROADS ROAD NETWORK SECONDARY ROADS

BONUS FAR

SUBWAY SECONDARY ROADS GREEN CORRIDOR EXISTING ROADS

BONUS FAR

FAR +2.6 FAR +2.6 FAR +2.1 FAR +2.1 FAR +1.5 FAR +1.5

GREEN CORRIDOR CRITICAL MASS CRITICAL MASS ARTERIAL ROADS ARTERIAL ROADS SUBWAY

SUBWAY EXISTING ROADS

FAR +1.0 FAR +1.0

EXISTING ROADS

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FAR +2.5

HOUSING DENSITY BONUS FAR

FAR +2.6

FAR +2.5

FAR +2.1

FAR +2.0

FAR +1.5

FAR +1.0

FAR +1.0

FAR +0.3

FAR +2.5

FAR +2.0

FAR +2.0

FAR +1.0

FAR +1.0 FAR +0.3 FAR +0.3

URBAN DESIGN PROGRAM


SUSTAINABLE GROWTH

PHASE II LAND AREA 2 80,012 M

PUBLIC SPACE

TOTAL GREEN AREA 2 8,395 M 2.3 SM PER PERSON GREEN COVERAGE 10.5% TOTAL BUILD AREA 2 180,308 M

PROGRAM / HOUSING

HOUSING UNITS 1,714 BONUS FAR 0.8 BASE LINE FAR 1.8

TOTAL PARKING AREA 2 28,025 M

P P P P

P

P

P

P

P

PARKING SPOTS 1035

P

PARKING

P P P

PHASE 2 BOTTOM UP STRATEGY

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PARKING RATIO 0.6

P

P URBAN DESIGN PROGRAM


SUSTAINABLE GROWTH

proposed circulation

PHASE 3 TOP DOWN

proposed density

Alterlaa Alterlaa

UU

e ex existing road e ex existing road

bike stands stands

sitebike site

site site

bus stop bus stop

NN

Erlaaer Straße Erlaaer Straße

UU

ROAD NETWORK

The final phase is a full build out of all available lots. Arterial roads are enhanced with mix-use commercial at ground floor. Wide sidewalks and two lane road allow for circulation of critical mass. Pedestrian pathways are programmed with public amenities for social connectivity PHASE III PHASE III secondary roads and are an essential mean of circulation. secondary roads

Density varies from block to block, but the importance of public space is prioritized and maximized within each property. The final strategy initiates a healthy growth pattern that reflects current market needs.

SECONDARY ROADS GREEN CORRIDOR CRITICAL MASS ARTERIAL ROADS SUBWAY EXISTING ROADS

secondary roads secondary roads green corridor green corridor

green corridor green corridor critical mass critical mass arterial roads arterial roads subway subway existing roads existing roads

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critical mass critical mass arterial roads arterial roads subway subway existing roads existing roads

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HOUSING DENSITY BONUS FAR

PHASE III PHASE III

FAR +2.6

FAR +2.5

FAR +2.1

FAR +2.0

FAR +1.5

FAR +1.0

FAR +1.0

FAR +0.3

BONUS FAR BONUS FAR FAR +2.6 FAR +2.6 FAR +2.1 FAR +2.1 FAR +1.5 FAR +1.5 FAR +1.0 FAR +1.0

FAR +2.5 FAR +2.5 FAR +2.0 FAR +2.0 FAR +1.0 FAR +1.0 FAR +0.3 FAR +0.3

URBAN DESIGN PROGRAM


SUSTAINABLE GROWTH

PHASE III LAND AREA 2 96,720 M TOTAL GREEN AREA 2 12,144 M 3.7 SM PER PERSON

PUBLIC SPACE

FREE MARKET HOUSING (1) FAR 3.3

PARKING SUMMARY PER PHASE STRUCTURED PARKING

PHASE II

PHASE I

PARKING PLAN (1) 6,000 M 2

107 SPOTS

(3) 2,600 M 2

92 SPOTS 86 SPOTS

STRUCTURED PARKING

(6) 2,332 M 2

84 SPOTS

(5) 2,400 M 2

STRUCTURED PARKING

(15) 3,336 M 2

120 SPOTS

(8) 3,872 M 2

STRUCTURED PARKING

(18) 7,396 M

264 SPOTS

(15) 3,200 M

296 SPOTS

(18) 5,140 M

STRUCTURED PARKING

2

(19) 8,290 M 2

STRUCTURED PARKING

138 SPOTS 114 SPOTS

2

182 SPOTS

2

(28) 2,650 M 2

94 SPOTS

228 SPOTS

(11) 11,415 M 2

405 SPOTS

(19) 2,455 M 2

87 SPOTS

(20) 2,455 M

2

87 SPOTS

(21) 2,650 M

2

94 SPOTS

(22) 2,650 M 2

94 SPOTS

30 ~ 40 SPOTS

65 ~ 70 SPOTS

TOTAL PHASE I SPOTS BUILD 0.6 AREA 2PHASE II 153,440 RETAIL M 776 SPOTS BONUS FAR

60 ~ 65 SPOTS

1,035 SPOTS 0.6

P

P P

P P

P P

P

P

P

PROGRAM / HOUSING

776 SPOTS 0.4

0.4 PHASE III

STREET PAKING

911 SPOTS 0.6

FAR 2.0

GREEN SPACE 2 911 6,005 M

STRUCTURED PARKING STREET PAKING

GREEN COVERAGE AFFORDABLE HOUSING (3) 12.5% PARKING

PHASE III (10) 6,400 M 2

AFFORDABLE HOUSING (2) FAR 2.1 ~ 2.6

HOUSING 1,035 SPOTS WORK & LIVE UNITS 0.6 FLEXIBLE SPACE 1,556 TOTAL PARKING PARKING

2,722 SPOTS 0.55

0.6 BONUS FAR 1.4

BASE LINE STRUCTURED PARKING FAR 1.8 STRUCTURED PARKING

P

P

P

P

P P P

TOTAL PRE PHASE PARKING AREA 2 27,354STREET M PARKING

P

P

STREET PARKIN PRE PHASE

P

P

PARKING SPOTS 911

P P

P

PARKING ENTRANCE

PARKING

P P

P

PARKING RATIO 0.6 STREET PARKING

PHASE 3 BOTTOM UP STRATEGY

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SUSTAINABLE GROWTH IMPLEMENTATION OF RULES + .5 FAR

vertical public space

+ .5 FAR

+ .5 FAR

flexible ground floor

high perf. facade

+ .5 FAR

water retention

The use of the urban tool kit allows for FAR increase

Environmental goodwill such as high performance

as an incentive for developers to implement social and

facades and on site water retention sustains energy and

environmental design strategies. Vertical public spaces

natural resources. We sought to develop sustainable

and flexible ground floors provide social and economic

and replicable urban germ cells that can be a model for

sustainability.

future growth.

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SUSTAINABLE GROWTH IMPLEMENTATION OF RULES + .5 FAR

permiability

+ .5 FAR

+ .5 FAR

define public space

green roofs

+ .5 FAR

performative green

Continuous green pedestrian corridors and clearly defined

communities.

Sustainable transport techniques are

public spaces create a multitude of social benefits.

encouraged via pedestrian passageways, bike paths,

Permeable pedestrian lanes, defined public spaces, and

and public transit.

performativity green plazas begin to define and connect

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SUSTAINABLE GROWTH

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URBAN DESIGN PROGRAM


SUSTAINABLE GROWTH

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URBAN DESIGN PROGRAM


SUSTAINABLE GROWTH

COMPLETE PHASE

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SUSTAINABLE GROWTH

BIBLIOGRAPHY AND PRECIDENTS Alexander, Christopher, Hajo Neis, Artemis Anninou, and Ingrid F. King. A New Theory of Urban Design. New York: Oxford UP, 1987. Print. Bauer, Michael, Peter Mösle, and Michael Schwarz. Green Building: Guidebook for Sustainable Architecture. Heidelberg: Springer, 2010. Print. Brueggeman, William B., and Jeffrey D. Fisher. Real Estate Finance and Investments. Boston: McGraw-Hill Irwin, 2008. Print. Charles Waltner. “Smart Buildings Offering Clever Ways to Reduce Energy Consumption.” Cisco’s. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 May 2013. “Europe Gas Line Deal: Your Comments.” BBC News. BBC, 13 July 2009. Web. 14 May 2013. “European CommissionHomepage.” Vienna‘s Transformation towards a smart city. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 May 2013. “European Public Debt at a Glance.” CNN. Cable News Network, 21 July 2011. Web. 14 May 2013. “Greenpoint-Williamsburg Inclusionary Housing Program.” NYC.gov. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 May 2013 HB2 Housing Density. Department for Building Construction and Design. Wien: Springer, 2012. Print. Reed, Bill. The Integrative Design Guide to Green Building: Redefining the Practice of Sustainability. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley, 2009. Print. “Vienna and Energy – a Promising Relationship.” Wieninternational.at. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 May 2013. Venhaus, Heather. Designing the Sustainable Site: Integrated Design Strategies for Small-scale Sites and Residential Landscapes. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, 2012. Print. “Wien.at - Infos Und Services Aus Der Wiener Stadtverwaltung.” Wien.at - Infos Und Services Aus Der Wiener Stadtverwaltung. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 May 2013.

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Vienna Publication