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BUILDING

ENTREPRENEURSHIP


Excellence in Investment Banking Since 1991


PREFACE

Bangladesh, a country of natural beauty and cultural harmony, has awed the world with unexpected success stories in recent years. Once a war-torn country wracked by poverty and famine has emerged as one of the fastest growing economies in South-Asia. According to a UN report published on January 2019, “Bangladesh economy is set to continue expanding at a fast pace in the near term, above 7% per year, amid strong fixed investment, vigorous private consumption and accommodative monetary policy.” The collaborative effort of the Government, foreign strategic alliances, local entrepreneurs and skilled young generation has contributed to Bangladesh’s current development. We, being a private institution of the country’s Financial Sector, are responsible to observe, participate and take initiative in the country’s progression. AAA Finance & Investment Ltd. (AAA), the first Investment Bank in Bangladesh, has been performing those responsibilities through building entrepreneurship, since 1991. This brochure is a result of our accountability, where we tried to unfold in brief, the immense possibilities of the Capital Market of Bangladesh. We hope the exploration of Bangladesh’s Capital Market and future outlook through this brochure will be a delightful yet informative read.


CONTENTS

1

4

11

16

Bangladesh

Endowed with the Geographic & Demographic Dividend

Prospects in Bangladesh The Emerging Economy

Capital Market

A Promising Sector

AAA Finance & Investment Ltd. 3 Decades in Merchant Banking

AAA’s Outlook

34

Role of Capital Market in the Next Decade in Bangladesh

37

Conclusion The Way Forward


Bangladesh Endowed with the Geographic & Demographic Dividend

Geographic map & location of South-East Asia in the region


Bangladesh Country Profile: Bangladesh lies in the northeastern part of South Asia between 20°34' and 26°38' north la�tude and 88°01' and 92°41' east longitude. The country is situated between India and Myanmar with a coastline of 580 kilometres on the northern li�oral of the Bay of Bengal. It is a South-Asian country, having an area of 147,610 square kilometres. Bangladesh emerged as an independent country in 1971 a�er nine months of Libera�on War. Official Name Area Map Coordinate

:

Region Sub-region Na�onal Flag

: : :

Na�onal Emblem

:

Government Seal

Official Language Government System 1

:

People’s Republic of Bangladesh 147,610 square kilometres 20°34' and 26°38' N Lat 88°01' and 92°41' E Lon Asia South-Asia

Addi�onally, the government’s recent development ac�vi�es will have the following posi�ve impacts:

● The work-in-progress- ‘Padma Bridge’ will allow greater connec�vity in the region, par�cularly with India to the west, and Myanmar and Southeast Asia to the east. ● To the northwest, the Jamuna Bridge has the poten�al to connect Bangladesh with Bhutan and Nepal. ● The proposed Sylhet-Chi�agong highway will facilitate linkage with India's north-eastern markets and major East Asian ci�es such as Bangkok, Yangon and Kunming.

:

: :

Geographic Posi�oning: The geographic posi�on of Bangladesh is highly advantageous. It is essen�ally ac�ng as a bridge between the emerging markets of South Asia and the fastest growing markets of South-east Asia and ASEAN countries. It is very close to India and China with respect to bilateral rela�onships and, therefore, the growth taking place in these two large countries will have a posi�ve spill-over effect over Bangladesh.

Bengali Unitary Parliamentary Republic

● The Asian Highway project, a corridor passing through Jessore and Khulna while connec�ng Dhaka with Kolkata, will further strengthen Bangladesh's posi�on within the pan-Asian corridor network.


Bangladesh

People: The popula�on of Bangladesh is 167,081,657 as of 2018, based on the latest United Na�ons es�mates. Due to the ac�ve role of government, the popula�on growth has declined significantly. During the last 10 years, the popula�on grew at an average rate of 1.7%; and it is projected to decline further, as a result of con�nual growth in literacy and economy.

Age Structure:

Source: Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics (BBS) Source: UN World Population Prospects

About 98% of the Bangladesh popula�on are ethnic Bengalis with the remaining 2% made up from Biharis and other ethnic tribes. In terms of religion, Muslim comes in with 89.1% of the popula�on, Hindu with 10%, and other religions make up the remaining 0.9% (includes Buddhist, Chris�an) of the popula�on. It is a ma�er of pride that in Bangladesh people of all faiths live together peacefully.

The median age of Bangladesh is 26 years. The country has more than 65% of people who are in working age, making Bangladesh a country of the abundant labour force, growing consumer class. It has become an increasingly popular investment hub due to its demographic dividend. In the long-term, the Bangladesh Employed Persons is projected to trend around 57.00 Million in 2020, according to Trading Economics econometric models. 2


Ba ng l a d e s h

Labour Force & Employment Composi�on: Bangladesh is on the way to reap the rewards of demographic dividend by conver�ng the Economically Ac�ve Popula�on to human capital. Steady growth in working age is observed since the last 15 years and it was about 63.5 million in 2017, according to a survey of Bangladesh Bureau of Sta�s�cs (BBS). It is about 40% of the total popula�on which is at the strong growing channel. Keeping up with the trend, the employment rate has also been growing over the years. In the last survey of BBS, the total employed popula�on from all formal sectors was 60.8 million. Although, the employment opportunity is growing slower that economically ac�ve popula�on, it also gives a posi�ve indica�on to the local and interna�onal entrepreneurs, who can leverage the affordable workforce in Bangladesh.

Source: Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics (BBS) 3


Prospects in Bangladesh The Emerging Economy


Pr os pe cts i n Ba ng l a de s h

Economic Progress: Bangladesh is one of the Top 5 Fron�er Markets with the stable macroeconomic condi�on. Despite its fair share of infrastructural challenges, Bangladesh has been successful in maintaining a stable growth for over a decade with the least amount of vola�lity, making it a viable des�na�on for inves�ng. The country has graduated from a low-income least developed country to a middle-income developing country on March 16, 2018. It has now been placed 34th at the emerging economies in World Economic Forum (WEF) Inclusive Development Index-2018. The country con�nues to accelerate its growth momentum further and has achieved an average of 6% GDP growth with moderate infla�on over the last 3 year (IMF). Besides, its demographic profile makes the country more a�rac�ve for investment by offering an adequate supply of human capital. A look-back on key macroeconomic indicators reveals that Bangladesh has gradually achieved sustainability and now the economy is strong enough to move towards for becoming a developed country by 2041. Snapshot of Macroeconomic Factors 2018 2018

2017

2016

2015

2014

GDP Growth

Indicators

7.9%

7.3%

7.1%

6.6%

6.1%

Infla�on

5.8%

5.4%

5.9%

6.4%

7.3%

286

250

236

208

184

Na�onal Saving/GDP

31.4%

30.2%

28.5%

28.4%

29.2%

Investment/GDP

31.9%

30.5%

29.7%

28.9%

28.6%

Private Investment/GDP

23.3%

23.10%

22.99%

22.07%

22.03% 35.3%

GDP Size in USD billion (official exchange rate)

Public Debt/GDP Private Sector Credit Growth External Debt/GDP Current Account Receipt/GDP

-

33.1%

33.3%

33.7%

14.07%

15.66

16.56

13.19

12.27

19.6%

18.4%

18.4%

19.1%

19.6%

103.4%

111.6%

129.0%

133.8%

141.4%

Source: ADB, IMF & Bangladesh Bank data

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Pr ospects in Bangladesh

Ra�ng Agency

Date

Moody's S&P Fitch

2017-04-17 2010-04-05 2018-01-11

Long-Term Local Foreign Currency Currency Ba3 Ba3 (Stable) BBBB- (Stable) BBBB- (Stable)

Short-Term Local Foreign Currency Currency NP B B B

Sovereign Ra�ng: Along with the promising macroeconomic factors, Bangladesh achieved ‘Ba3’ (Moody's) and ‘BB-‘ (Standard and Poor's) with stable outlook for the 8th consecu�ve years. Stable real GDP growth and strong external balances have helped Bangladesh to achieve ‘BB-‘ ra�ng with stable outlook from Fitch Ra�ngs for the fourth �me.

Source: ADB, IMF & Bangladesh Bank data

Debt to GDP Ra�o: Among the major South-Asian economies, Bangladesh has the lowest level of debt to ra�o and the level of external debt is stable over the years, implying its ability to take addi�onal foreign investment in the form of loan or equity investment without jeopardizing the economy. Although its current account surplus is in downward trend due to high import pressure and sudden decline in remi�ance, the ability to sa�sfy short-term debt obliga�on is s�ll sa�sfactory. 5


Pr os pe cts i n B a n g l a de s h

Source: ADB, IMF & Bangladesh Bank data

Investment to GDP Ra�o: Private investment as a share of GDP, in the backdrop of some rise in the past, remained more or less at the same level. Over the course of the last 5-year, private investment has grown slightly, by a CAGR of 1.09%, which is not adequate enough to sustain the projected 7% plus GDP growth rate in the upcoming years. Till now, the government is fueling the majority of the growth through developing infrastructures like metro rail, the Padma Bridge, Nuclear Power Sta�on etc.; all of which are directed towards building a favourable environment for private and foreign investment. According to the economists, private sector investments need to be increased to 35% to sustain the growth. Therefore, foreign investment is required to fill in the saving-investment deficit of 5%. 6


Pr ospects in Bangladesh

Foreign Direct Investment: There are big opportuni�es to work in the infrastructure, power, energy and tex�le sector. Bangladesh is also looking to tap into foreign markets for equity, debt financing as well as foreign direct investments in various projects. The number of foreign credits in private sectors trebled in between 2013 to 2017. In 2013, $4 billion was taken in as foreign loans by the private and the amount stood at more than $11.30 billion in 2017. As of 2018, power, tex�le, banking, manufacturing and food sectors account for 27%, 18%, 12% and 9% and 5% of the total FDI flow.

Major Incen�ves for FDI: ● Projection of Foreign investment from nationalization and expropriation. ● Abolition of the ceiling on investment and equity share-holding by foreigners. ● Tax holiday between 5-10 years for power related companies. ● 100% repatriation facility. ● Reinvestment of remittable dividends would be treated as a new investment.

Source: Bangladesh Bank data 7


Pr os pe cts i n Ba ng l a de s h

Brief Summary of Prospec�ve Thrust Sectors: Sector Ready-Made Garments (RMG)

Fast-Moving Consumer Goods (FMCG)

Infrastructure

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Poten�al  RMG sector accounts for more than 83% of the country's exports and contribu�ng around 16% to the GDP annually.  To further boost the economic growth, the government has the mandate to reach RMG export of USD 50 billion by 2021. In line with this, the export earnings from the apparel sector registered 8.76% growth reaching USD 30.61 billion in 2018.  To achieve this target, the average growth rate of the sector needs to be around 17%, which is less likely to be realized as a volume-based producer. it has achieved a 7% growth rate over the 2013-18 period.  Therefore, to increase ROI and export earnings, the major companies in the sectors are moving towards producing elevated, value-based products, which requires substan�al investment in exis�ng infrastructure.  Consump�on expenditure is hovering around 70% of the GDP over the last decade. Consump�on growth has outpaced the growth of income level during 2010-16. As per the Bangladesh Bureau of Sta�s�cs (BBS) research, consump�on expenditure as % income has grown from 78% in 2000 to 97% in 2015. All the sta�s�cs imply that consumer product manufacturers have huge bargaining power over consumers.  With reference to the Boston Consul�ng Group (BCG) research, 2 million BD people are ge�ng included in the middle and affluent class (MAC) each year. In 2017, the number of MAC is around 12 million and is expected to reach 34 million by 2025. Increase in income level along with high level of consump�on clearly depicts the growth of the sector.  Bangladesh government has taken a step to improve logis�cs and transport facili�es of the country through implemen�ng mega projects like Padma Bridge, Payra seaport, metro rail and liquefied natural gas terminal.  To carry out all these ac�vi�es, the budget for Annual Development Program (ADP) has been increased to USD 20.9 billion in 2018 from USD 2.9 billion a decade ago. Keeping pace with the increase in ADP, infrastructure investment reached USD 6 billion in 2017 and has contributed to increasing steel and consump�on roughly by 20%.  There is greater scope for infrastructure investment in future. As of 2017, Bangladesh's infrastructure spending accounted for 2.85% of the GDP whereas it was 10% in Vietnam, 9% in China and 5% each in India, the Philippines and Sri Lanka.

8


Prospects in Bangladesh

Brief Summary of Prospec�ve Thrust Sectors (Co�nued):

Sector

Poten�al

Power & Energy

 Bangladesh government has the target to ensure electricity coverage across the whole country by 2021. To do so, it is encouraging private investment in power plant projects and currently, Rooppur Nuclear Power Plant, coal-powered Matarbari and Rampal power plant project is ongoing.  As of 2017, the private sector accounted for 45% of the total power genera�on capacity, 15,821 MW and overall 25% of the total demand couldn’t be served.  Based on the annual GDP growth of 7%, peak demand for electricity will be 17,304 MW and 33,708 MW in 2020 and 2030 respec�vely [Power System Master Plan (PSMP)-2010], implying a greater need for private investment in alterna�ve energy and power plant for mee�ng increased demand.

Pharmaceu�cal

 The pharmaceu�cal sector is poised to reach USD 4.4 billion from its current market share of USD 2.02 million by 2022 capitalizing increase in popula�on growth, the pricing power of the sector and legisla�ve support.  Pharmaceu�cal industry of Bangladesh is largely protected from external compe��on due to government-imposed restric�on on import of similar drugs manufactured locally.  Bangladesh's pharmaceu�cal industry is intended to capture 10% of the global generic market worth USD 380.6 billion by 2021.  Bangladesh has been exempted from the obliga�ons to implement patents and data protec�on for pharmaceu�cal products un�l 2024, the year in which Bangladesh is planning to leave the Least Developed Country (LDC) rank.  Bangladesh exports medicinal products to 144 countries a�er mee�ng 97% of the domes�c demand. Exports of pharmaceu�cal products registered around 13.9% growth during 2010-17.

9


Pr os pe cts i n B a n g l a de s h

Brief Summary of Prospec�ve Thrust Sectors (Co�nued):

Sector

10

Poten�al

Leather

 The leather industry is the 2nd highest expor�ng sector of Bangladesh earning USD 1.08 billion in 2018. Its domes�c market amounts to nearly USD 1.0 billion with nearly 10-15% growth rate. Ease of raw material sourcing (90% is available at home) favourably affects the industry. Moreover, it has greater scope for export growth since a huge chunk, nearly 50% of the leather, is being exported only in semifinished and finished form without any value addi�on. Lack of fund is o�en cited as the major obstacle to the growth of the industry.  Bangladesh is one of the leading 10 footwear producers worldwide and accounts for 2-3% of the world’s leather supply. Apex Footwear, Bay Footwear, Jennys Shoes, Bengal Shoe industries, Leatherex Footwear, and 30 other manufacturers export footwear items across the world. Apex accounts for 15% of Bangladesh's total footwear exports.

So�ware & IT

 Concentra�on on the ICT sector is one of the government’s ini�a�ves to diversify its export basket. Bangladesh government has planned to export so�ware and service products worth $1 billion and $5 billion by 2018 and 2021 respec�vely. To improve the quality of manpower in the ICT sector, it has been inves�ng heaving heavily in programs like Learning and Earning Development Programs (LEDP). There are over 800 registered so�ware and ITES (IT Enabled Service) companies in Bangladesh. At present. Brain Sta�on23 and Kazi IT are leading the IT sector.  The country has already earned USD 800 million in export earnings from the sector. Although most of the earnings come from the individual endeavour, demands for ERP solu�ons made by Bangladeshi developers are increasing in demand.


Capital Market A Promising Sector


Capital Market Early History: The existence of the capital market in Bangladesh tracks back to the Pakistani regime. In 1954, the journey of the capital market in this South Asian country was started through the “East Pakistan Stock Exchange Associa�on Limited (EPSEA)”. A�er 2 years, however, it was renamed to “Dacca Stock Exchange Limited (DSE)” which is today’s premier bourse of Bangladesh. At that �me, the development of the capital market was at snail’s pace due to the weak supervision of the “Controller of Capital Issue (CCI)”. With a view to protect the investors and improve the dealings of securi�es, an Ordinance was formed in 1969. The “Securi�es & Exchange Ordinance 1969” was prepared with rules and regula�ons of capital market dealings. And as of today, it is the founda�on for the country’s capital market structure. A�er independence in 1993, “Bangladesh Securi�es and Exchange Commission (BSEC)” was formed realizing the manifold poten�al of this sector. BSEC has been engaging in different restructure and reforma�on ini�a�ves to ensure sustainable development of the country’s capital market since then. At present Bangladesh has two Stock Exchanges. The Chi�agong Stock Exchange (CSE) is located in the port city of Chi�agong, Bangladesh. It was established in 1991, alongside the Dhaka Stock Exchange (DSE).

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MARKET FACILITATORS Stock Exchanges

Dhaka Stock Exchange (DSE)

Chi�agong Stock Exchange (CSE) Central Depository

Central Depository Bangladesh Ltd (CDBL) Milestones:

1954 Formation of East Pakistan Stock Exchange Association Limited

1956 Name changed to Dacca Stock Exchange Limited (DSE)


Capital Market MARKET INTERMEDIARIES Stock Dealer/Stock Broker Under SEC (Stock Dealer, Stock Broker & Authorized Representa�ve) Rules 2000, these en��es are licensed and they are bound to be a member of any of the two stock exchanges. Merchant Banker & Portfolio Manager These ins�tu�ons are licensed to operate under SEC (Merchant Banker & Por�olio Manager Rules) 1996. Asset Management Companies (AMCs) AMCs are authorized to act as an issue and por�olio manager of the mutual funds which are issued under SEC (Mutual Fund) Rules 2001. Credit Rating Companies (CRCs) CRCs in Bangladesh are licensed under Credit Ra�ng Companies Rules, 1996. Trustees/Custodians According to rules, all asset-backed securi�za�ons and mutual funds must have an accredited trusty and security custodian.

The Evolu�on: The capital market of Bangladesh has gone through a number of ins�tu�onal and regulatory improvements in the last two decades. It enabled to establish a number of diversified capital market intermediaries. As such, the market has evolved from tradi�onal paper-based to online computerized transac�on. This technology was facilitated a�er the incorpora�on of Central Depository Bangladesh Limited (CDBL) on 20th August 2000. It was sponsored by the country's Na�onalized Commercial Banks (NCBs), Investment Corpora�on of Bangladesh (ICB), Private Commercial Banks (PCBs), Foreign Banks, Merchant Banks, Publicly-listed Companies, Insurance Companies and Dhaka & Chi�agong Stock Exchanges with the collabora�on of the Asian Development Bank (ADB). By enabling efficient se�lement of securi�es and change of the owner without any physical movement through the computerized system, Central Depository System (CDS) has added an evolu�onary edge to the capital market.

Source: Bangladesh Bank

1969 Enactment of Securities & Exchange Ordinance 1969

1991

1993

Formation of Chittagong Stock Exchange (CSE)

Formation of Bangladesh Securities and Exchange Commission (BSEC)

2000 Formation of Central Depository Bangladesh Limited (CDBL) 12


Capital Market

Achievements Bangladesh Securi�es and Exchange Commission: BSEC, through its concerted efforts has adopted an interna�onal standard and achieved the membership of Interna�onal Organiza�on of Securi�es Commissions (IOSCO) on 22 December 2013. It has secured ‘A’ category in IOSCO ranking. Dhaka Stock Exchange: The premium bourse DSE achieved the cer�ficate of ISO 9001:2008 on October 30, 2016, by fulfilling all the requirements of Interna�onal Organisa�on for Standardisa�on (ISO). DSE has also achieved full membership of the World Federa�on of Exchanges (WFE) 2017. In 2018, DSE made a partnership with the consor�um of Shenzhen Stock Exchange (SZSE) and Shanghai Stock Exchange (SSE) as the Strategic Investors. Moreover, in the same year, it has partnered with the Sustainable Stock Exchange (SSE) ini�a�ve, a United Na�ons (UN) ini�a�ve, working as a partnership between the UN, UN-supported organiza�ons, stock exchanges, investors, companies, regulators and governments.

13

Central Depository Bangladesh Limited: Since 2003, CDBL has been ac�ng as Na�onal Numbering Agency for Interna�onal Securi�es Iden�fica�on Number (ISIN) as a partner in Bangladesh of Associa�on of Na�onal Numbering Agencies (ANNA) based in Germany. CDBL is a member of Asia Pacific CSD Group (ACG) and an associate member of the South Asian Federa�on of Exchanges (SAFE). CDBL has achieved an ISO/IEC 27001:2013 cer�ficate on Informa�on Security Management System conforming to the specifica�ons of and the best prac�ces adopted in ISO/IEC 27002:2013.


Capital Market Amount of Post-IPO Paid-up Capital with the number of Issuers in different sectors (2007-2018)

Capital Market Snapshot: A brief historical analysis shows that within the last 10 years, 171 new companies were enlisted to the capital market accumula�ng a massive 184,448.93 Million BDT in aggregate Post-IPO Paid-up Capital (At historical evalua�on). About 38 Mutual Funds are listed during the period under review which accounted for 26% of the aggregate injected fund. The second highest contribu�ng sector is none other than the Tex�le with 16% contribu�on by 34 tex�le companies. Fuel & Power and Engineering sectors come third if we look at their contribu�on to the capital market. However, the power sector is showing a promising growth and expected to make a significant contribu�on in the coming years.

SECTOR

BANK CEMENT CERAMICS SECTOR ENGINEERING FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS FOOD & ALLIED FUEL & POWER INSURANCE IT SECTOR MUTUAL FUND PAPER & PRINTING PHARMACEUTICALS SERVICES & REAL ESTATE TANNERY INDUSTRIES TELECOMMUNICATION TEXTILE TRAVEL & LEISURE MISCELLANEOUS

POST-IPO PAIDUP CAPITAL (BDT MILLION) 6,979.32 2,013.27 3,489.66 19,327.35 4,563.40 1,476.40 20,077.35 2,818.57 1,610.61 45,765.69 2,401.91 13,116.55 1,040.19 970.00 17,179.87 33,968.37 5,637.14 2,013.27

NUMBER OF ISSUER COMPANY 4 2 2 20 10 3 12 15 3 38 2 15 2 1 2 34 3 3

Source: AAA’s calculation from DSE records

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Capital Market

15


AAA Finance & Investment Ltd. 3 Decades in Merchant Banking


A A A Fi n an ce & In ve s tm e nt Lt d.

Who we are AAA Finance & Investment Limited (AAA) is one of the reputed Merchant Bankers in Bangladesh. Since 1991, the organiza�on started func�oning and working in the field of capital market in the country as a financial intermediary. During the last three decades, AAA has been successful in posi�oning itself as a progressive and dynamic merchant banker in the country. As a result, the organiza�on has been widely acclaimed by the large, medium and small industrial enterprises, business community and traders and has been able to create an image and earned significant reputa�on in the country’s capital market as a reliable merchant banker and issue manager. The organiza�on is headed by a highly experienced team who is directly and exclusively associated in the field since 1980. The Key executors of AAA are comprised of efficient personnel, in terms of educa�on and training in different aspects of finance, investment, merchant banking and management. AAA has also an advisory team who are comprised of highly skilled and professional personnel in Bangladesh. The organiza�on has enriched its professionalism with their technical and financial advisory support in day to day opera�on as well as in forecas�ng and building future prospects.

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A AA Fina nc e & In v e stm e n t L td.

Our Commitment Bangladesh is a growing economy with substan�al investment requirements from private and public enterprises especially in, but not limited to, the infrastructure, resorts, telecommunica�on and energy sectors. AAA was established in Dhaka to par�cipate in this development by helping to mobilize capital from domes�c as well as interna�onal sources. Within a very short span of �me, AAA developed an excellent working rela�onship with most of the financial ins�tu�ons and corpora�ons in Bangladesh. Bangladesh is an�cipa�ng higher growth through the con�nua�on of the reform process, deregula�on, priva�za�on and op�mum use of internal and external resources. AAA is at the forefront of providing solu�ons to some of the con�nuous funding requirements to support this growth. Since 1991, AAA has been performing very successfully in managing public issues, underwri�ng, corporate & financial advisory services and especially in establishing industrial enterprises through raising of funds. So far it managed a remarkable number of issues and also mobilized funds more than BDT 700.00 Billion.

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A A A Fi n an ce & In ve s tm e nt Lt d.

Our P hilosophy MISSION

VALUES

VISION We are in pursuit of building entrepreneurship through providing world-class Corporate, Investment and Financial Consultancy to the future leaders of Bangladesh.

Our mission is to mitigate the diversiďŹ ed Financial and Corporate Consultancy needs of the Visionary Entrepreneurs with ensuring the best management of local and foreign investments through uncompromised due diligence. We are dedicated to maintaining a partnership of trust with the recognized contributors to the economy of Bangladesh and achieving recognition as an international Investment Bank.

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Integrity We are committed to setting the highest level of professional ethics while maintaining full transparency within the compliance. Client-centric Our Client-centric philosophy guides us in acting for our client’s best interest. We treat our client as our long-term partners, pursuing aligned strategic goals. Excellence The seamless incorporation of Innovation, Value Addition, Fast Execution and Professionalism; sets us apart in terms of excellence in Merchant Banking service. Leadership Through innovation, fast adaptation and responsiveness, we are determined to keep our legacy of leadership as a pioneer Merchant Banker of Bangladesh


AAA Fina nc e & In v e stm e n t L td.

Corporate Profile Name

:

AAA FINANCE & INVESTMENT LIMITED

Legal Status

:

Private Limited Company

Nature of Business

:

Incorpora�on License no. from RJSC

:

The company is a financial ins�tu�on and it has been carrying on the business related to Merchant Banking opera�ons, Issue Management, Investment & Por�olio Management, Underwri�ng and Corporate Advisory services in compliance with the BSEC guidelines. C-74298(2340)/09

Trade License no.

:

2037035

Merchant Banking License no. from BSEC

:

MB-53/2010 (Previous No. MB-1.015/98-01)

Eligible Ins�tu�onal Investor no. from DSE

:

03-001

CDBL Depository Par�cipa�on (DP) no.

:

16051900

Authorized Capital

:

BDT 100.00 Billion

Paid-up-Capital

:

BDT 250.00 Million

Face value per share (BDT)

:

BDT 10.00

Total fund raised for industrializa�on

:

BDT 700.00 Billion Plus

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A A A Fi n an ce & In ve s tm e nt Lt d.

Corporate Profile Key Persons

:

MR KHWAJA ARIF AHMED Founder & Chairman MR MOHAMMAD OBAYDUR RAHMAN, FCS, FCGA Managing Director & CEO MR MOHAMMAD FERDOUS MAZID Director & COO

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Main Bankers

:

Registered Address

:

Telephone Numbers

:

Email

:

Export Import Bank of Bangladesh Limited Dutch-Bangla Bank Limited The City Bank Limited Amin Court (4th Floor), Suite 403-405, 31 Bir U�am Shahid Ashfaqus Samad Road (Former 62-63, Mo�jheel C/A), Dhaka-1000. PABX: +88 02 9559602 Tel: (+88 02) 9567726, 7567679, 9564304 Fax: (+88 02) 9558330 info@aaafinancebd.com

Website

:

www.aaafinancebd.com


AAA Fina nc e & I nv e stm e n t Ltd.

Capabli�es Ini�al Public Offering We serve companies by comple�ng all the procedures of raising capital through Ini�al Public Offering from the primary market.

Repeat Public Offering In the case of addi�onal capital requirement, we can manage your further public offering for the issuance of addi�onal security and save you from unnecessary hassle.

Rights Issue In order to raise addi�onal capital, we assist exis�ng public companies to float right shares with 'Due Diligence' and ensure maximum client service.

Underwri�ng Our underwri�ng service ensures the profitable development of your business by providing a balanced insight into superior risk management.

Private Placement We are focused on raising capital from ins�tu�onal investors for highly selec�ve and best, fully ve�ed investment projects.

Por�olio Management Our tailor-made Por�olio Management Service is aimed to cater the individual investment's objec�ves of different investor classes.

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A A A Fi n an ce & Inve s t m e nt Lt d.

Capabli�es Debt Financing Our Debt Financing services include the arrangement, nego�a�ng and structuring of a wide range of debts to meet our clients’ objec�ves & fulfil short-term and long-term capital requirement needs.

Foreign Finance Our Foreign Finance department is dedicated to fulfilling clients' financing need by arranging low-cost fund from our reputed interna�onal strategic partners.

Corporate Advisory We offer tailored corporate finance and strategic advisory services to private companies, ins�tu�ons, entrepreneurs. We support businesses through opera�onal turnaround and financial restructuring.

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Corporate Secretarial Our Corporate Secretarial Services takes care of your corporate housekeeping tasks. We can assist you to stay ahead of mandatory corporate law and regula�ons.

Merger & Acquisi�on We specialise in advice regarding mergers and acquisi�ons (M&A) and use our experience to advise corporate and private equity investors through each stage of the merger and acquisi�on process.

Trustee We are experienced in making a real difference in the provision of trustee services to capital markets transac�ons. Our proac�ve approach, full independence as a non-bank trustee is commendable.


AAA Fina nc e & Inve stm e n t Ltd.

AAA’s Focus in Major Sectors Banking Sector: Since 1996, AAA has been providing Issue Management services to a number of the second generation and third generation financial institutions. So far, AAA has arranged equity funding for the listed financial institution amounting to BDT 40,539.88 million which is equivalent to USD 488.43 million. Southeast Bank, BRAC Bank, Al-Arafah Islami Bank, Exim Bank, Mercantile Bank, Social Islami Bank, Trust Bank, Standard Bank are some regular clients of AAA. There are 30 Banks listed with the stock exchange. BSEC was formed and started giving permission for listing since 1993. Since then, 20 banks are given permission for capital raising in different phases. Among those, 13 banks are regular clients of AAA for IPO, Rights Issue and Bond Issue.

Insurance Sector: AAA has provided investment banking services through issue management to both life insurance and general insurance companies. Asia Insurance, Asia Pacific General Insurance, BGIC, Continental insurance, Dhaka Insurance, City General, Eastern Insurance, Paramount Insurance, Peoples Insurance, Rupali Insurance and Eastland Insurance are the main clients under general insurance category. Popular Life Insurance and Pragati Life Insurance are the main clients under the life insurance category. So far, AAA has arranged BDT 4,005.12 million which is equivalent to USD 48.25 million from the capital market of Bangladesh.

23


A A A Fi n an ce & Inve s t m e nt Lt d.

AAA’s Focus in Major Sectors Non-Banking Financial Institution: Other than Bank and Financial institutions, Leasing and Investment companies, are prevailing in the NBFI’s category. AAA has arranged BDT 6,693.33 million form the capital market in the form of IPO and Rights issue which is equivalent to USD 80.64 million. Bay Leasing & Investment Ltd, FAS Finance & Investment, Islamic Finance and Investment Ltd., IPDC Finance Ltd., Lanka Bangla Finance, National Housing Finance and Investments, Uttara Finance and Investments Ltd. are major clients of AAA. There are 23 Non-Banking FIs listed with the stock exchange. Among those, 9 NBFIs are regular clients of AAA for IPO, Rights Issue and Bond Issue.

Power and Engineering sector: Besides the service industry, AAA has a contribution to Power and Engineering sector. Khulna Power Company Limited was one of the milestone projects for AAA as it was the first private sector company under the category for offloading its share through the Direct listing. Promoters of KPCL raised BDT 8,448.00 million (USD 101.78 million) through offloading of 10% of capital. Shahjibazar Power Company Ltd. was another milestone project of AAA.

Textile Sector: In Bangladesh, the textile sector has the maximum contribution for generating foreign currency through export proceeds. AAA also focuses on this sector and arranges fund to boost up the economic growth. The main clients of AAA in this sector are Zahintex Industries Limited, Dragon Sweater & Spinning Mills Ltd., Maksons Spinning Mills Limited, R.N. Spinning Mills Limited, Sonargaon Textiles Limited.

24


AAA Fina nc e & In v e stm e n t L td.

Accomplishments Clients in other Sectors Over BDT 1,200.00 Million

Client in Engineering Sector BDT 600.00 Million

Client in Fuel & Power Sector BDT 317.00 Million

1

1

Client in Paper & Prin�ng Sector BDT 2080.00 Million

10+

10

Clients in Insurance Sector BDT 843.00 Million

7

IPO

6

Over 50 Issues BDT 12,000 Million and counting...

4

2

Clients in Pharmaceu�cals Sector BDT 320.00 Million

2

3

Clients in Banking Sector BDT 3242.60 Million

Clients in Financial Ins�tutes BDT 964.13 Million

Client in Tex�le Sector BDT 879.20 Million

Clients in Tannery Industries BDT 106.35 Million

25


A A A Fi n an ce & In ve s t m e nt Lt d.

Accomplishments Clients in Tannery Industries BDT 19 Million

Client in Ceramics Sector BDT 206.25 Million

Client in Cement Sector BDT 254.1 Million

1

1

Client in IT Sector BDT 228.53 Million

21

Rights

Clients in Banking Sector BDT 33,296.88 Million

11

4

1 2

2

Clients in Insurance Sector BDT 3,162.12 Million

7

Over 50 Issues BDT 50,000 Million and counting...

Clients in Food & Allied Sector BDT 314.9 Million

26

1

Clients in Financial Ins�tutes BDT 3,729.2 Million

Client in Tex�le Sector BDT 4,032.28 Million

Clients in Engineering Sector BDT 1,635.65 Million


AAA Fina nc e & In v e stm e n t L td.

Accomplishments BDT 600 Million

Travel & Leisure

in the respec�ve sector

BDT 500 Million

Food & Allied

Capital Raising

BDT 75 Million

in the respec�ve sector

Engineering

BDT 200 Million in the respec�ve sector

BDT 20 Million

in the respec�ve sector

Tex�le

& Chemicals

Engineering

Foreign Finance BDT 100 Million and counting...

BDT 1,500 Million and counting...

Pharmaceu�cals

Insurance

in the respec�ve sector

BDT 191.44 Million in the respec�ve sector

BDT 10 Million

in the respec�ve sector

Tex�le

BDT 600 Million in the respec�ve sector

27


A A A Fi n an ce & In ve s t m e nt Lt d.

Accomplishments

BDT 6,000 Million

in Bond Issue

28

BDT 8,500 Million

in Direct Lis�ng

BDT 250 Million

in Preference Share


AAA Fina nc e & In v e stm e n t L td.

Overall Performace

Through our dedicated services we have mobilized through Capital Market for over industrialization in Bangladesh

IPO

Rights

Capital Raising

Foreign Finance

Bond

Direct Lis�ng

Preference Share 29


A A A Fi n an ce & In ve s t m e nt Lt d.

Major Clients

30


AAA Fina nc e & In v e stm e n t L td.

Major Clients

31


A A A Fi n an ce & In ve s t m e nt Lt d.

Major Clients

32


AAA Fina nc e & In v e stm e n t L td.

Our Bankers

Exim Bank Ltd.

Dutch-Bangla Bank Ltd.

The City Bank Ltd.

33


AAA’s Outlook Role of Capital Market in the Next Decade in Bangladesh


AAA’s Out l oo k

Stable & Robust Economy

Sovereign Credit Rating

Role of the Regulators

Even though, a number of challenges causing distress in the investment climate, the opportuni�es are manifold. The economy of Bangladesh con�nues to perform well. Economic growth has remained stable over the last decade and poverty has decreased with improved social indicators. Thus, near-term growth outlook remains robust and risks to the outlook are broadly balanced as observed by IMF. Domes�c demand, private consump�on, investment and global demand for exports and recovery of remi�ances could provide posi�ve feedback in the coming years.

In terms of credit ra�ng, for the last 8 years, Bangladesh has been rated by Moody's and S&P as Ba3 and BB- respec�vely. Addi�onally, Fitch Ra�ngs, another credit ra�ng ins�tu�on has provided a BB- ra�ng for the fourth �me. These ra�ngs are playing an important role in reducing the cost of imports and increasing the amount of foreign investment in the country.

The role of regulators such as BSEC, DSE, BIDA in improvement and promo�on of the capital market and investment is commendable. BIDA have introduced Online Service Tracking System to con�nue service to the investors. They also provide service through IT and Online Registra�on System. All kinds of visa facili�es and work permits for the foreign investors are being provided through online basis. BIDA has fixed a target to rank Bangladesh within 100 in the Doing Business by the year 2022. Likewise, DSE plans to introduce new products like Exchange Traded Funds (ETF) which will make the market more vibrant and investable.

34


A A A ’ s Ou tlo o k

Potential of Capital Market

Growth in Market Capitalization

35

Bangladesh capital market is expec�ng upside surprises with the joint venture of Dhaka Stock Exchange and a Chinese consor�um of Shenzhen Stock Exchange (SZSE) and Shanghai Stock Exchange (SSE). The consor�um bought 25% stake of premium bourse of Bangladesh on May 2018. This strategic alliance is formed with an aim to diversify products, develop service automa�on framework and human resources, technological advancement in the DSE por�olio, thereby developing the capital market. Moreover, DSE has become a partner of the UN Sustainable Stock Exchange (SSE) ini�a�ve in June 2018.

Over the last couple of years, the market capitaliza�on of the country’s premier bourseDhaka Stock Exchange (DSE) has been increasing steadily. The trend indicates further growth possibility due to undervalua�on of equi�es. Addi�onally, the progressive economy will be reflected in the country’s capital market, thereby giving us an op�mis�c impression.


AAA’s Out l oo k

Incentives for Institutional Investors

Optimistic Macroeconomic Indicators

The capital market regulator is emphasizing on boos�ng ins�tu�onal investment in bourses. Thus, several incen�ve plans are being been offered in terms of tax shield and repatria�on facility. Addi�onally, few other incen�ves are under considera�on i.e. addi�on of certain provisions to the Bank Companies Act to help increase contribu�on of major ins�tu�onal investors like banks to the capital market, crea�on of scope for investment of pension, life and other funds in securi�es and fiscal incen�ves for investment of provident funds in the capital market (Financial Express, 2018).

There is a huge poten�al for growth due to very low interest rates, stable infla�on, excellent corporate profitability, and an overall bullish trend in the market. Further drop in interest rate to finance the government’s ambi�ous spending program, favorable for equity market.

36


Conclusion The Way Forward


End Note AAA Finance & Investment Ltd. is recognized as a long-term player in Bangladesh in the field of Capital Market. We have a strong commitment to our corporate, ins�tu�onal and individual valued clients. We have proven records in our past efforts especially through our strong compliance regime and client-centric values. We look forward to keep our contribu�on amid the favourable growth of the country and plan to add further depth to our exis�ng network. We are commi�ed to con�nue building our strength and are poised to become a substan�al force in the capital market for industrial growth in Bangladesh.

37


Amin Court, 4th Floor (Suite # 403-405), 31, Bir U�am Shahid Ashfaqus Samad Road (Previous 62-63, Mo�jheel C/A), Dhaka-1000

www.aaafinancebd.com E

info@aaafinancebd.com

Profile for aaambank

Corporate Brochure of AAA Finance & Investment Limited  

AAA Finance & Investment Ltd. is recognized as a long-term player in Bangladesh in the field of Capital Market. We have a strong commitment...

Corporate Brochure of AAA Finance & Investment Limited  

AAA Finance & Investment Ltd. is recognized as a long-term player in Bangladesh in the field of Capital Market. We have a strong commitment...

Profile for aaambank
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