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M

Most Common Reasons for Medical Marijuana Leaf Damage

any new and veteran medical marijuana growers will at some point have plants that begin to show leaf damage. Unless another experienced grower inspects the damage you may not know what the problem is. Most often the grower asks online and tries to correct the problem themselves. A misdiagnosis can only make it worse. The correct solution is in the hands of the marijuana grower that learns what to look for or has been taught by a veteran grower. HERE ARE SOME COMMON PROBLEMS WHEN MARIJUANA LEAVES ARE CURLING.

1. Too many nutrients - The most common cause of marijuana leaf cupping aka leaf margin rolling, leaf margin burn, and leaf tip curl/burn is too much medical marijuana nutrients. Leaf burn is often the very first sign of too much marijuana fertilizer. A hard, dry feel to the leaf happens as well, as opposed to a soft and cool feel of a healthy leaf. Back off on the amount and/or frequency of feedings. Too much medical marijuana nutrients can also burn the roots, especially the sensitive root tips, which can create more problems. 2. Many of us in Arizona deal with High Heat - The marijuana plant is losing water through its leaves faster than what can be replaced by the root system. The marijuana leaf responds by leaf margin cupping or rolling up or down (most times up) in order to conserve moisture. This is also referred to as taco leaves. Lower the heat in the marijuana grow-op and concentrate on developing a large healthy root system. An efficient and effective root system will go a long way to prevent heat induced leaf margin curling. One short episode of high heat is enough to permanently disable or destroy leaf tissue, which often occurs to leaves found at the top of the plant. The damaged leaf does not fully recover no matter what you do. Just look for new growth to let you know the problem has been corrected. 3. Too much light - Yes, it’s true you can give your medical marijuana plant too much light. Cannabis does not receive full sun from sunrise to sunset in its natural state. It is shaded or given reduced light levels because of neighboring plant material, cloudy conditions, rain, dust, twilight periods in the morning and late afternoon, and light intensity changes caused by a change in the seasons. Too much light mainly bleaches out and destroys chlorophyll as opposed to causing marijuana leaf cupping, but it often goes hand-in-hand with high heat for indoor marijuana growers. Turn down the time when the lights on in your marijuana grow room. If you run your lights 24/7 in veg, switch to a 16/8 light cycle.

4. Over Watering – For medical marijuana growers using soil, this practice only weakens the root system by depriving the roots of proper gas exchange. The plant’s roots are not getting enough oxygen which creates an anaerobic condition inducing root rot and root decline with the end result showing up as leaf stress, stunted growth, and in severe cases, death. Overwatering creates a perfect environment for damp-off disease at or below the soil line. Many times growers believe their plant is not getting enough nutrients (which it can’t under such adverse conditions), so they add more. Adding more nutes makes it worse and not better. OFTEN PROBLEM 1 AND 4 GO TOGETHER. TOO MUCH NUTRIENTS COMBINED WITH TOO MUCH WATER. 5. Not Enough Water - Not only is the medical marijuana plant now stressed due to a low supply of moisture, but carbohydrate production has been interrupted; when this occurs, water more frequently. One of the best methods in determining whether a plant requires watering is lifting the pots. The pots should be light to lift before watering. After watering the medical marijuana plants lift the pots to feel how heavy they are when fully watered. If the pot feels light to the lift - it’s time to water. Don’t wait until the soil pulls away from the side of the pot before watering. And of course, flush once in a while to get rid of excess salts. These are the five most common problems medical marijuana growers encounter. Correcting the problems early will save the plants, but may reduce overall yield. With practice and experience these problems are easily overcome which will then enable the grower to produce fantastic medical marijuana plants. Now get growing!


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What Does

0 42Mean?

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• April 20th is National Pot Smokers Day. Well, it is now; but that wasn’t the origin.

Discover what certain four twenty wall graffiti means. Find out what hip hop artists are communicating. Every kid uses slang and nicknames so their parents don’t know what they’re saying or smoking. 420 has developed into a new slang, rap, culture covering a wide variety of social backgrounds.

• The date of the Columbine school shootings. This happened after the term was already in use.

KNOWN MYTHS • Police dispatch code for smoking pot is 420. The number 420 is not police radio code for anything, anywhere. Checks of criminal codes suggest that the origin is neither Californian nor federal. For instance, California Penal Code 420 defines as a misdemeanor the hindrance of use of public lands. • There are approximately 420 active chemicals in marijuana. Actually, there are approximately 315 active chemicals in marijuana. This number goes up and down depending on which plant is used.

• 4:20 is tea time for pot-smokers in Holland. Tea time in Holland is at 5:30 pm, or is it 2:30 pm? Seems no one is quite sure when the wonderful people of Holland drink their tea. ACCORDING TO STEVEN HAGER, (Editor of High Times) The term 420 originated at San Rafael High School, in 1971, among a group of about a dozen pot-smoking wiseacres who called themselves the Waldos, who are now pushing 50. The term was shorthand for the time of day the group would meet, at the campus statue of Louis Pasteur, to smoke pot. Intent on developing their own discreet language, they made 420 code for a time to get high, and its use spread among members of an entire generation. While our teens feel that they know something we don’t, you can let them in on the fact that it was your generation that came up with the numbers. A quote from one of the Waldos in the High Times article states, “We did discover we could talk about getting high in front of our parents without them knowing by using the phrase 420.” Fortunately, your teenagers will not have that same option.

THE ORIGINS OF 420 “Some of their parents were associated with the Grateful Dead,” says Skye, and the term became common among Deadheads. Around 1990, High Times published the term and later it bought the web domain 420.com.

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Years ago the term 420(pronounced four twenty, not four hundred and twenty), was police code for smoking marijuana in a feature on pager codes that teenagers use to “talk” to each other. I began researching the number again and it seems I was wrong. Read on to learn the myths, the truth about the origin and what this term means for parents.

• April 20th is Hitler’s birthday. Yes, it is his birthday. But, as 420 started out as a time, not a date, his birthday had nothing to do with it.

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O

nly the real hip hop partiers, rap artists, true herbal smoke lovers and four twenty pot heads will enjoy partaking in their favourite buzz at this time. Four hundred and twenty is fast becoming the secret code to anything to do with marijuana terminology, cannabis culture, and underground weed smokers.

The mystique of 420 grew when the clocks in Quentin Tarantino’s film “Pulp Fiction” were set at 4:20, a practice that Sophia Coppola paid homage to in her later movie “Lost in Translation.”

Not everyone sees it that way. At the University of Colorado Boulder, where 420 gatherings draw up to 10,000 participants in the main quad, officials see 420 as a downer. “It’s the biggest 420 celebration in the country, regrettably,” says spokesman Bronson Hilliard. “Facebook and Twitter certainly fuel it.” The university sent students an email this week “outlining the safety, security and reputational issues for the institution that are at stake for this event,” Hilliard said. “It doesn’t really represent what our student experience is. This is an elite American public university. It’s just a party in the sunshine.” Other big celebrations occur at college campuses around the country, in New York’s Central Park and in Minneapolis. Some of the events focus on the drive to legalize medical marijuana, but the festivities are overwhelmingly recreational, says Skye. At High Times, he says, everyone’s going to be working. “There’s no pot smoking in this office. It’s illegal!” he says.

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“It’s basically just a celebration of cannabis. It’s mushroomed into our unofficial national holiday,” says Skye.

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Hempy Buckets, Cheap Hydroponics System that Anyone Can Build

W

hen I tell people I use Hempy buckets because they are cost effective and extremely easy to grow in, they want to learn more. The Hempy bucket is also known as an Internal Reservoir Bucket, which was named after Hempy, whom made this method popular. What is a Hempy bucket? A Hempy bucket is any type of grow container with an internal reservoir 2 inches deep; it can be a plastic party cup, a 2 gallon trash can or even a 5 gallon pail. The best reasons for growing in Hempy buckets are that you don’t need pH testing, ppm meters, and to stress about the dreaded root rot. HOW TO MAKE A HEMPY BUCKET Take your container and measure 2 inches up from the bottom and make a hole in the side to allow excess water to drain. The hole can be quite small, about the circumference of a pencil. You’ll need to put your bucket in a small drip tray to collect the runoff water. Most any gardening store will have those trays for planters and that’s what most people use. So why do you make the hole 2 inches from the bottom? The basic idea is to replicate a water shelf like in nature. If you dig down far enough in your backyard you’ll hit water right? Well that’s what we are doing on a very small scale. This is my friend Japanfreak’s twist on the design. Instead of just a drain hole he added tubes (hose connecters) to allow the water to drain out into a container so he can collect the run off easily and measure it if he needs to. If you are planning a lot of buckets I’d just do a traditional style one but for a few buckets the Hempy tub style is really practical. WHAT MEDIUM TO USE The traditional medium for Hempys is a vermiculite and perlite mix but people also use coco and even hydroton. Personally I’d recommend that you just try 100% perlite because it’s easy, clean and reusable.

WATERING AND FEEDING To feed your plants, you just hand water them like you would any houseplant. I mix my nutes in a 1 gallon container and follow the directions on the bottle, don’t use the Lucas formula in Hempys. If you’ve never grown anything it might take a while to get used to, but believe me it’s very easy. During the first week or so of veg you’ll probably have to water them every day just a little because the roots haven’t reached the bottom of the bucket where all the water is, once they do you’ll only have to water about once a week early on. The important thing is that whenever you feed them you want to add enough so that what you pour in comes out the holes then stop. I feed my plants every other watering with good results. In flower I do feed, water, water then feed again. Here are 6 freshly transplanted clones. They were just watered and you can see the water coming out the drain holes into the collection pot. Eventually your roots will fill the whole bucket so you should water/feed the whole surface area. Two weeks later after a trim they are ready to flip to flower. That’s all there is to it. Other than that, you only have to check on the garden to raise the lights. SOME THOUGHTS AND POINTERS Once the roots reach the bottom of your bucket (about a week) you’ll see the plants really start to take off and I suggest you try to wait as long as you can before you feed them, get to know your plants and keep records and you’ll get the hang of it in no time. If you decide to use perlite you should plan on recycling it. Recycled perlite is actually better than new perlite. You can remove the roots by shifting through a metal net or screen. Once you get as many out as you can, you need to boil the perlite in water for 5 minutes.

With most hydro growing styles water temp is a huge concern but not with Hempys. As long as you’re not growing in 100 degrees, there’s no cause for concern. BUDS On top is an example of plants that were grown under a 250 watt HPS light.


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1st. issue

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