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2008 Ford Ranger 2008 STEERING Power Steering - Ranger

2008 STEERING Power Steering - Ranger

SPECIFICATIONS MATERIAL SPECIFICATIONS Item Specification MERCON® V Automatic Transmission Fluid MERCON® V XT-5-QM (or XT-5-QMC) (US); CXT-5-LM12 (Canada) Premium Long-Life Grease XG-1-C or XG-1-K (US); CXG-1- ESA-M1C75-B C (Canada)

Fill Capacity 1L (2.1 pt)a

-

a Capacities listed are average system capacities and may vary.

TORQUE SPECIFICATIONS Description

Nm 100 55 80 40 14 14 65 23 25 25 150 35 80

Inner tie rod Lower steering column shaft-to-steering gear bolt Outer tie-rod end nut Power steering fluid cooler nuts Power steering fluid reservoir bolts Power steering fluid reservoir nut (3.0L) Pressure line-to-pump fitting Power steering pump bolts (2.3L) Power steering pump bolts (3.0L and 4.0L) Power steering pump pulley bolts (3.0L and 4.0L) Steering gear nuts Steering line clamp plate nut Tie-rod jam nut

lb-ft 74 41 59 30 10 10 48 17 18 18 111 26 59

DESCRIPTION & OPERATION POWER STEERING The power steering system consists of the following components:   

Power steering pump Power steering fluid reservoir Power steering pressure and return lines/hoses

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2008 Ford Ranger 2008 STEERING Power Steering - Ranger

  

Power steering fluid cooler Power steering gear Inner tie rod

The power steering system uses a vane-type pump to move the fluid from the reservoir to the steering gear and through the rest of the steering hydraulic system. The power steering pump is mounted to the engine and driven by the engine accessory drive belt. Power steering fluid flows into the pump from the reservoir. The power steering fluid is then trapped between the pump vanes and moved to the high-pressure side of the pump creating a flow of fluid. The restriction of this flow by the steering gear creates the pressure that provides the steering assist. A combined pressure relief/flow valve is built into the pump to control the maximum pressure and flow provided to the steering system. This action prevents damage to the system and provides the correct level of assist during all engine speeds. While under pressure, the power steering fluid flows through the high-pressure power steering line to the steering gear. The fluid exits the gear and flows through the return line, cooler and finally to the reservoir. The reservoir slows the fluid, allows air to escape and filters the fluid before returning it to the pump.

DIAGNOSTIC TESTS POWER STEERING Refer to STEERING SYSTEM - GENERAL INFORMATION article.

REMOVAL & INSTALLATION POWER STEERING FLUID RESERVOIR - 2.3L & 4.0L Material Item MERCON® V Automatic Transmission Fluid XT-5-QM (or XT-5-QMC) (US); CXT-5-LM12 (Canada)

Specification MERCON® V

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2008 Ford Ranger 2008 STEERING Power Steering - Ranger

Fig. 1: Identifying Power Steering Fluid Reservoir - 2.3L With Torque Specifications Courtesy of FORD MOTOR CO. Item

Part Number

1

W503924

2 3 4

3R700 3A713 3659

Description Power steering fluid reservoir bolts (3 required) Power steering fluid reservoir Return hose Power steering pump supply hose

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2008 Ford Ranger 2008 STEERING Power Steering - Ranger

Fig. 2: Exploded View Of Power Steering Fluid Reservoir - 4.0L Engine With Torque Specifications Courtesy of FORD MOTOR CO. Item 1 2

Part Number 3659 3A005

3

N606678

4

3R700

Description Power steering pump supply hose Return hose Power steering fluid reservoir bolts (2 required) Power steering fluid reservoir

REMOVAL & INSTALLATION

CAUTION: While repairing the power steering system, care should be taken to prevent the entry of foreign material or failure of the power steering Microsoft Wednesday, November 11, 2009 11:21:15 AM

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2008 Ford Ranger 2008 STEERING Power Steering - Ranger

components may result. All vehicles CAUTION: Do not allow power steering fluid to contact the engine accessory drive belt or the belt may be damaged. 1. Using a suitable suction device, remove the power steering fluid from the reservoir. 2. Compress the clamp and disconnect the return hose. 3. Compress the clamp and disconnect the power steering pump supply hose. 2.3L engines 4. Remove the 3 bolts and the power steering fluid reservoir.  To install, tighten to 14 Nm (10 lb-ft). 4.0L engines 5. Remove the 2 bolts and the power steering fluid reservoir.  To install, tighten to 14 Nm (10 lb-ft). All vehicles 6. To install, reverse the removal procedure. 7. Fill the power steering system. For additional information, refer to STEERING SYSTEM - GENERAL INFORMATION article. POWER STEERING FLUID RESERVOIR - 3.0L Material Item MERCON® V Automatic Transmission Fluid XT-5-QM (or XT-5-QMC) (US); CXT-5-LM12 (Canada)

Specification MERCON® V

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2008 Ford Ranger 2008 STEERING Power Steering - Ranger

Fig. 3: Exploded View Of Power Steering Fluid Reservoir - 3.0L Engine With Torque Specifications Courtesy of FORD MOTOR CO. Item

Part Number

1

W503923

2 3 4 5

W520101 3R700 CS7617 3F731

Description Power steering fluid reservoir bolts (2 required) Power steering fluid reservoir nut Power steering fluid reservoir Power steering pump supply hose Return hose

REMOVAL & INSTALLATION

CAUTION: While repairing the power steering system, care should be taken to Microsoft Wednesday, November 11, 2009 11:21:15 AM

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2008 Ford Ranger 2008 STEERING Power Steering - Ranger

prevent the entry of foreign material or failure of the power steering components may result. CAUTION: Do not allow power steering fluid to contact the engine accessory drive belt or the belt may be damaged. 1. 2. 3. 4.

Using a suitable suction device, remove the power steering fluid from the reservoir. Compress the clamp and disconnect the return hose. Compress the clamp and disconnect the power steering pump supply hose. Remove the power steering fluid reservoir nut.  To install, tighten to 14 Nm (10 lb-ft). 5. Remove the 2 bolts and the power steering fluid reservoir.  To install, tighten to 14 Nm (10 lb-ft). 6. To install, reverse the removal procedure. 7. Fill the power steering system. For additional information, refer to STEERING SYSTEM - GENERAL INFORMATION article.

POWER STEERING PUMP - 2.3L Special Tools Illustration

Tool Name

Tool Number 211-D027 (D90P-3517-A) or equivalent

Installer Set, Teflon® Seal

Material Item MERCON® V Automatic Transmission Fluid XT-5-QM (or XT-5-QMC) (US); CXT-5-LM12 (Canada)

Specification MERCON® V

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2008 Ford Ranger 2008 STEERING Power Steering - Ranger

Fig. 4: Identifying Power Steering Pump - 2.3L With Torque Specifications Courtesy of FORD MOTOR CO. Item 1 2 3 4 5

Part Number 3A719 W705952 C56697 3A674 N803257

Description Pressure line-to-pump fitting Power steering pump bolt (4 required) Power steering pump supply hose Power steering pump TeflonÂŽ seal

REMOVAL & INSTALLATION

CAUTION: While repairing the power steering system, care should be taken to prevent the entry of foreign material or failure of the power steering components may result. CAUTION: Do not allow power steering fluid to contact the accessory drive belt or the belt may be damaged. 1. Using a suitable suction device, remove the power steering fluid from the reservoir. 2. Remove the power steering pump pulley. For additional information, refer to Power Steering Pump Pulley - 2.3L. 3. Compress the clamp and disconnect the power steering pump supply hose. Microsoft Wednesday, November 11, 2009 11:21:15 AM

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2008 Ford Ranger 2008 STEERING Power Steering - Ranger

4. Disconnect the pressure line-to-pump fitting.  Remove and discard the Teflon® seal.  To install, tighten to 65 Nm (48 lb-ft). 5. Remove the 4 power steering pump bolts and the power steering pump.  To install, tighten to 23 Nm (17 lb-ft). CAUTION: A new Teflon® seal must be installed any time the pressure line fitting is disconnected from the power steering pump or a fluid leak may occur. 6. To install, reverse the removal procedure.  Using the special tool, install a new Teflon® seal on the pressure line-to-pump fitting.  Fill the power steering system. For additional information, refer to STEERING SYSTEM GENERAL INFORMATION article.

Fig. 5: Installing Teflon(R) Seal Using Special Tool Courtesy of FORD MOTOR CO. POWER STEERING PUMP - 3.0L Special Tools Illustration

Tool Name

Tool Number 211-D027 (D90P-3517-A) or equivalent

Installer Set, Teflon® Seal

Material Item MERCON® V Automatic Transmission Fluid XT-5-QM (or XT-5-QMC) (US); CXT-5-LM12 (Canada)

Specification MERCON® V

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Fig. 6: Exploded View Of Power Steering Pump - 3.0L Engine With Torque Specifications Courtesy of FORD MOTOR CO. Item 1 2 3 4 5 6

Part Number N605784 3R700 CS7617 3A674 N803257 3A719

Description Power steering pump bolt (3 required) Power steering fluid reservoir Power steering pump supply hose Power steering pump TeflonÂŽ seal Pressure line-to-pump fitting

REMOVAL & INSTALLATION

CAUTION: While repairing the power steering system, care should be taken to prevent the entry of foreign material or failure of the power steering components may result. CAUTION: Do not allow power steering fluid to contact the engine accessory drive belt or the belt may be damaged. 1. Using a suitable suction device, remove the power steering fluid from the reservoir. 2. Remove the power steering pump pulley. For additional information, refer to Power Steering Pump Pulley - 3.0L, 4.0L. 3. Disconnect the pressure line-to-pump fitting. Microsoft Wednesday, November 11, 2009 11:21:16 AM

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Remove and discard the Teflon® seal.  To install, tighten to 65 Nm (48 lb-ft). 4. Compress the clamp and disconnect the power steering pump supply hose. 5. Remove the 3 bolts and the power steering pump.  To install, tighten to 25 Nm (18 lb-ft). 

CAUTION: A new Teflon® seal must be installed any time the pressure line fitting is disconnected from the power steering pump or a fluid leak may occur. 6. To install, reverse the removal procedure.  Using the special tool, install a new Teflon® seal on the pressure line-to-pump fitting.  Fill the power steering system. For additional information, refer to STEERING SYSTEM GENERAL INFORMATION article.

Fig. 7: Installing Teflon(R) Seal Using Special Tool Courtesy of FORD MOTOR CO. POWER STEERING PUMP - 4.0L Special Tools Illustration

Tool Name

Tool Number 211-D027 (D90P-3517-A) or equivalent

Installer Set, Teflon® Seal

Material Item MERCON® V Automatic Transmission Fluid XT-5-QM (or XT-5-QMC) (US); CXT-5-LM12 (Canada)

Specification MERCON® V

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Fig. 8: Exploded View Of Power Steering Pump - 4.0L With Torque Specifications Courtesy of FORD MOTOR CO. Item 1 2 3 4 5

Part Number 3A719 3659 W700839 3A674 N803257

Description Pressure line-to-pump fitting Power steering pump supply hose Power steering pump bolt (3 required) Power steering pump Teflon® seal

REMOVAL & INSTALLATION

CAUTION: While repairing the power steering system, care should be taken to prevent the entry of foreign material or failure of the power steering components may result. CAUTION: Do not allow power steering fluid to contact the accessory drive belt or the belt may be damaged. 1. Using a suitable suction device, remove the power steering fluid from the reservoir. 2. Remove the engine cooling fan. For additional information, refer to ENGINE COOLING article. 3. Remove the power steering pump pulley. For additional information, refer to Power Steering Pump Pulley - 3.0L, 4.0L. Microsoft Wednesday, November 11, 2009 11:21:16 AM

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4. Compress the clamp and disconnect the power steering pump supply hose from the power steering fluid reservoir. 5. Disconnect the pressure line-to-pump fitting.  To install, tighten to 65 Nm (48 lb-ft). 6. Compress the clamp and disconnect the power steering pump supply hose from the power steering pump. 7. Remove the 3 bolts and the power steering pump.  Tighten to 25 Nm (18 lb-ft). CAUTION: A new Teflon® seal must be installed any time the pressure line is disconnected from the power steering pump or a fluid leak may occur. 8. To install, reverse removal procedure.  Using the special tool, install a new Teflon® seal on the pressure line-to-pump fitting.  Fill the power steering system. For additional information, refer to STEERING SYSTEM GENERAL INFORMATION article.

Fig. 9: Installing Teflon(R) Seal Using Special Tool Courtesy of FORD MOTOR CO. POWER STEERING PUMP PULLEY - 2.3L Special Tools Illustration

Tool Name

Tool Number

Remover, Power Steering Pump Pulley

211-016 (T69L-10300-B)

Installer, Power Steering Pump Pulley

211-185 (T91P-3A733-A)

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Fig. 10: Identifying Power Steering Pump Pulley - 2.3L Courtesy of FORD MOTOR CO. Item 1 2

Part Number 3D673 8620

Description Power steering pump pulley Accessory drive belt

REMOVAL

1. Remove the air cleaner outlet pipe. For additional information, refer to INTAKE AIR DISTRIBUTION & FILTERING article. 2. Rotate the accessory drive belt tensioner counterclockwise and position the accessory drive belt aside.

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Fig. 11: Locating Accessory Drive Belt Tensioner Courtesy of FORD MOTOR CO. CAUTION: Do not install a power steering pump pulley that has been removed and installed twice or pulley failure and/or pump damage may occur. Inspect the pulley for paint marks in the web area near the hub. If there are 2 paint marks, discard the pulley and install a new one. If there is 1 paint mark or no paint marks, use a paint pencil to mark the web area of the pulley near the hub. 3. Using the special tool, remove the power steering pump pulley.

Fig. 12: Removing Pulley Using Special Tool (211-016) Courtesy of FORD MOTOR CO. INSTALLATION

1. Using the special tool, install the power steering pump pulley.

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Fig. 13: Installing Pulley Using Special Tool (211-185) Courtesy of FORD MOTOR CO. NOTE:

For additional information on accessory drive belt routing, refer to ACCESSORY DRIVE article.

2. Rotate the tensioner counterclockwise and position the belt on the power steering pump pulley.

Fig. 14: Locating Accessory Drive Belt Tensioner Courtesy of FORD MOTOR CO. 3. Install the air cleaner outlet pipe. For additional information, refer to INTAKE AIR DISTRIBUTION & FILTERING article. POWER STEERING PUMP PULLEY - 3.0L, 4.0L

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2008 Ford Ranger 2008 STEERING Power Steering - Ranger

Fig. 15: Identifying Power Steering Pump Pulley - 3.0L, 4.0L With Torque Specifications Courtesy of FORD MOTOR CO. Item

Part Number

1

N605784

2 3

3A733 8620

Description Power steering pump pulley bolts (3 required) Power steering pump pulley Accessory drive belt

REMOVAL & INSTALLATION

NOTE:

4.0L engine shown in illustration, 3.0L engine similar.

1. Loosen the power steering pump pulley bolts. NOTE:

For additional information on accessory drive belt routing, refer to ACCESSORY DRIVE article.

2. Rotate the accessory drive belt tensioner counterclockwise and position the accessory drive belt aside. 3. Remove the 3 bolts and the power steering pump pulley.  To install, tighten to 25 Nm (18 lb-ft). 4. To install, reverse the removal procedure. INNER TIE ROD Microsoft Wednesday, November 11, 2009 11:21:16 AM

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Special Tools Illustration

Tool Name

Tool Number

Inner Tie-Rod Socket Tool

211-D029 or equivalent

Tie-Rod End Separator

211-105 (T85M-3395-A) or equivalent

Material Item Premium Long-Life Grease XG-1-C or XG-1-K (US); CXG-1-C (Canada)

Specification ESA-M1C75-B

Fig. 16: Identifying Inner Tie Rod With Torque Specifications Courtesy of FORD MOTOR CO. Item

Part Number

1

N803637

Description Tie-rod jam nut (part of 3280) (2 required)

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2008 Ford Ranger 2008 STEERING Power Steering - Ranger

2 3 4 5 6 7 8

N800895 3290 3K745 3C650A 3K661 3280 N642569

Outer tie-rod end nut (2 required) Outer tie-rod end (2 required) Outer bellows boot clamp (2 required) Inner bellows boot clamp (2 required) Steering gear bellows boot (2 required) Inner tie rod (2 required) Cotter pin (2 required)

REMOVAL & INSTALLATION

CAUTION: The boots and clamps are designed to provide an airtight seal and protect the internal components of the steering gear. If the seal is not airtight, the vacuum generated during turning may draw water and foreign material into the gear and damage internal components. Zip ties do not produce an airtight seal and must not be used. CAUTION: The inner ball joint grease is not compatible with water. Water and foreign material trapped in the grease may damage the joint. CAUTION: If present, the orientation of the vent tubes must be noted so the boots and vent tubes may be installed in their original locations. Incorrect venting may lead to internal component damage. Coil spring suspension vehicles 1. Remove the wheel and tire. For additional information, refer to WHEELS & TIRES article. 2. Loosen the tie-rod jam nuts.  To install, tighten to 80 Nm (59 lb-ft). 3. Remove the outer tie-rod end cotter pin and nut.  Discard the cotter pin.  To install, tighten to 80 Nm (59 lb-ft). CAUTION: Do not damage the tie-rod end boot when installing the special tool.

4. Using the special tool, disconnect the outer tie-rod end.

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Fig. 17: Identifying Special Tool On Tie-Rod End Courtesy of FORD MOTOR CO. NOTE:

Count and record the number of times the outer tie-rod end turns for assembly reference.

5. Remove the outer tie-rod end. 6. Remove the tie-rod jam nut. NOTE:

If repairing the RH side, it will be necessary to pull back the LH inner bellows boot to hold the steering gear.

7. Remove the inner and outer bellows boot clamps. 8. Remove the bellows boot. CAUTION: Place the steering gear at the center position. Use a 21 mm (0.82 in) crowfoot on the flat of the rack gear to resist rotation and to prevent damage during removal and installation of the inner tie rod. NOTE:

The help of an assistant may be needed for removal of the RH inner tie rod.

9. Using the special tool, remove the inner tie rod. ď Ź To install, tighten to 100 Nm (74 lb-ft).

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Fig. 18: Inner Tie Rod And Special Tool Courtesy of FORD MOTOR CO. Torsion bar suspension vehicles 10. Loosen the tie-rod jam nut.  To install, tighten to 80 Nm (59 lb-ft). 11. Remove the steering gear. For additional information, refer to Steering Gear - Rear Wheel Drive (RWD) or Steering Gear - Four Wheel Drive (4WD). NOTE:

Count and record the number of times the outer tie-rod end turns for assembly reference.

12. Remove the outer tie-rod end and jam nut. NOTE:

If repairing the RH side, it will be necessary to pull back the LH inner bellows boot to hold the steering gear.

13. Remove the inner and outer bellows boot clamps. CAUTION: Place the steering gear at the center position. Use a 21 mm (0.82 in) crowfoot on the flat of the rack gear to resist rotation and to prevent damage during removal and installation of the inner tie rod. NOTE:

The help of an assistant may be needed for removal of the RH inner tie rod.

14. Using the special tool, remove the inner tie rod.  To install, tighten to 100 Nm (74 lb-ft).

Fig. 19: Locating Inner Tie Rod Courtesy of FORD MOTOR CO. All vehicles Microsoft Wednesday, November 11, 2009 11:21:16 AM

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CAUTION: Thoroughly remove any dirt or foreign material that is present. This material is extremely harmful to the steering gear. 15. Thoroughly clean and inspect all the parts to be reused. Install new parts as necessary. 16. Check that the bellows boot seal is positioned correctly over the steering gear housing bead at the large inside diameter (ID) and is in the inner tie-rod groove at the small ID.  Check that the bellows boot seal is not twisted and the breather tube is securely inserted into the breather nipple at both bellows boots. NOTE:

Lubricate the inner tie rod inside groove with steering gear grease where the bellows boot is clamped.

17. To install, reverse the removal procedure. 18. Check and if necessary adjust the front toe. For additional information, refer to SUSPENSION SYSTEM - GENERAL INFORMATION article. POWER STEERING FLUID COOLER Material Item MERCON® V Automatic Transmission Fluid XT-5-QM (or XT-5-QMC) (US); CXT-5-LM12 (Canada)

Specification MERCON® V

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Fig. 20: Identifying Power Steering Fluid Cooler With Torque Specifications Courtesy of FORD MOTOR CO. Item 1 2

Part Number 3A713B 3A713A

3

N800169

4

3F780

Description Power steering fluid cooler hose Power steering fluid cooler hose Power steering fluid cooler nuts (2 required) Power steering fluid cooler

REMOVAL & INSTALLATION

CAUTION: While repairing the power steering system, care should be taken to prevent the entry of foreign material or failure of the power steering components may result. 1. With the vehicle in NEUTRAL, position it on a hoist. For additional information, refer to JACKING & LIFTING article. 2. Remove the 2 power steering fluid cooler nuts.  To install, tighten to 40 Nm (30 lb-ft). 3. Compress the clamps and disconnect the 2 power steering fluid cooler hoses. 4. To install, reverse the removal procedure.  Fill the power steering system. For additional information, refer to STEERING SYSTEM GENERAL INFORMATION article. STEERING GEAR - REAR WHEEL DRIVE (RWD) Special Tools Illustration

Tool Name

Remover, Tie-Rod End

Tool Number 211-001 (TOOL-3290-D) or equivalent

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Fig. 21: Identifying Steering Gear - Rear Wheel Drive (RWD) With Torque Specifications Courtesy of FORD MOTOR CO. Item 1 2 3 4 5 6

Part Number W520413 3A713 3A719 N803256 N803257 N811762

7

N803942

8 9

3504 N808265

Description Steering line clamp plate nut Return line Pressure line O-ring seal O-ring seal Steering gear studs (2 required) Lower steering column shaft-to-steering gear bolt Steering gear Steering gear nuts (2 required)

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10 11

N642569 N800895

Cotter pin (2 required) Outer tie-rod end nut (2 required)

REMOVAL & INSTALLATION

All vehicles CAUTION: When repairing the power steering system, care should be taken to prevent the entry of foreign material or failure of the power steering components may result. 1. Remove the front wheels and tires. For additional information, refer to WHEELS & TIRES article. 2. Place the steering wheel in the straight-ahead position and remove the ignition key.  Rotate the steering wheel until the steering column locks into position. 3.0L and 4.0L engines 3. Remove the power steering fluid cooler. For additional information, refer to Power Steering Fluid Cooler. All vehicles 4. Remove the outer tie-rod end cotter pins and nuts.  Discard the cotter pins.  To install, tighten to 80 Nm (59 lb-ft). CAUTION: Do not damage the tie-rod boot when installing the special tool.

NOTE:

Remove the adapter from the ball end of the special tool. Apply a small amount of grease to the tie-rod end stud and the ball of the special tool.

5. Using special tool, separate the outer tie-rod ends from the wheel spindles.

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Fig. 22: Separating Outer Tie Rods From Wheel Knuckles Courtesy of FORD MOTOR CO. CAUTION: Do not allow the steering column to rotate while the steering column shaft is disconnected from the steering gear or damage to the clockspring may result. If there is evidence that the steering column has rotated, the clockspring must be removed and recentered. For additional information, refer to SUPPLEMENTAL RESTRAINT SYSTEM article. 6. Remove the lower steering column shaft-to-steering gear bolt and disconnect the lower steering column shaft from the gear.  Discard the bolt.  To install, tighten to 55 Nm (41 lb-ft). 7. Remove the steering line clamp plate nut and disconnect the pressure and return lines.  Discard the O-ring seals.  To install, tighten to 35 Nm (26 lb-ft). 8. Plug or cap the return line, pressure line and the steering gear ports to prevent the entry of dirt. CAUTION: Hold the tops of the steering gear studs to avoid damaging the steering gear fluid transfer tubes. 9. Remove the 2 steering gear nuts and the 2 steering gear studs.  To install, tighten to 150 Nm (111 lb-ft). 10. Remove the steering gear. 11. If necessary, remove the outer tie-rod ends. CAUTION: New O-ring seals must be installed any time the power steering lines are disconnected from the steering gear or a fluid leak may occur. 12. To install, reverse the removal procedure.  Install new power steering line O-ring seals. 13. Fill the power steering system. For additional information, refer to STEERING SYSTEM - GENERAL INFORMATION article. 14. Check and, if necessary, adjust the front toe. STEERING GEAR - FOUR WHEEL DRIVE (4WD) Special Tools Illustration

Tool Name

Tool Number

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Remover, Tie-Rod End

211-001 (TOOL-3290-D) or equivalent

Fig. 23: Identifying Steering Gear - Four Wheel Drive (4WD) With Torque Specifications Courtesy of FORD MOTOR CO. Item 1 2 3 4

Part Number W520413 3A713 3A719 N803256

Description Steering line clamp plate nut Return line Pressure line O-ring seal

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5 6

N803257 N811762

7

N803942

8

3504

9

N803637

10 11 12 13

N808265 3290 N642569 N800895

O-ring seal Steering gear studs (2 required) Lower steering column shaft-to-steering gear bolt Steering gear Tie rod jam nut (part of 3280) (2 required) Steering gear nuts (2 required) Outer tie-rod end (2 required) Cotter pin (2 required) Outer tie-rod end nut (2 required)

REMOVAL

All vehicles CAUTION: When repairing the power steering system, care should be taken to prevent the entry of foreign material or failure of the power steering components may result. 1. Remove the front wheels and tires. For additional information, refer to WHEELS & TIRES article. 2. Place the steering wheel in the straight-ahead position and remove the ignition key.  Rotate the steering wheel until the steering column locks into position. 3.0L and 4.0L engines 3. Remove the power steering fluid cooler. For additional information, refer to Power Steering Fluid Cooler. All vehicles 4. Loosen the tie-rod jam nuts. 5. Remove the outer tie-rod end cotter pins and nuts.  Discard the cotter pins. CAUTION: Do not damage the tie-rod boot when installing the special tool.

NOTE:

Remove the adapter from the ball end of the special tool. Apply a small amount of grease to the tie-rod end stud and the ball of the special tool.

6. Using the special tool, separate the outer tie-rod ends from the wheel knuckles. Microsoft Wednesday, November 11, 2009 11:21:16 AM

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2008 Ford Ranger 2008 STEERING Power Steering - Ranger

Fig. 24: Separating Outer Tie Rods From Wheel Knuckles Courtesy of FORD MOTOR CO. 7. Remove the outer tie-rod ends.  Count and record the number of turns required to remove the outer tie-rod end. 8. Remove the stabilizer bar and link. For additional information, refer to FRONT SUSPENSION - FOUR WHEEL DRIVE (4WD) article. CAUTION: Do not allow the steering column to rotate while the steering column shaft is disconnected from the steering gear or damage to the clockspring may result. If there is evidence that the steering column has rotated, the clockspring must be removed and recentered. For additional information, refer to SUPPLEMENTAL RESTRAINT SYSTEM article. 9. Remove the lower steering column shaft-to-steering gear bolt and disconnect the shaft from the steering gear.  Discard the bolt. 10. Remove the steering line clamp plate nut and disconnect the pressure and return lines.  Discard the O-ring seals. CAUTION: Hold the tops of the steering gear studs to avoid damaging the steering gear fluid transfer tubes. 11. Remove the 2 steering gear nuts and steering gear studs. 12. Rotate the steering gear control valve housing toward the front of the vehicle.

Microsoft Wednesday, November 11, 2009 11:21:16 AM

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2008 Ford Ranger 2008 STEERING Power Steering - Ranger

Fig. 25: Rotating Steering Gear Control Valve Housing Toward Front Of Vehicle Courtesy of FORD MOTOR CO. 13. Turn the steering gear input shaft to the right until the stop is reached. 14. Move the steering gear as far to the RH side of the vehicle as possible.

Fig. 26: Moving Steering Gear As Far To RH Side Of Vehicle As Possible Courtesy of FORD MOTOR CO. 15. Move the LH inner tie rod forward to clear the frame crossmember.

Fig. 27: Locating LH Inner Tie Rod Courtesy of FORD MOTOR CO. 16. Remove the steering gear.

Microsoft Wednesday, November 11, 2009 11:21:16 AM

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© 2005 Mitchell Repair Information Company, LLC.


2008 Ford Ranger 2008 STEERING Power Steering - Ranger

Fig. 28: Removing Steering Gear Courtesy of FORD MOTOR CO. INSTALLATION

All vehicles CAUTION: Handle the steering gear with caution to avoid damage to fluid transfer tubes and to avoid dimples in the steering gear bellows boot. NOTE:

Make sure the steering gear input shaft is turned to the left until the stop is reached.

1. Turn the steering gear input shaft to the right until the stop is reached. Count and record the number of turns required. NOTE:

Make sure the steering gear control valve housing is turned toward the front of the vehicle.

2. Install the steering gear into the RH opening of the crossmember.

Fig. 29: Installing Steering Gear Into RH Opening Of Crossmember Courtesy of FORD MOTOR CO. CAUTION: Take care not to scuff or tear the steering gear bellows boots. Microsoft Wednesday, November 11, 2009 11:21:16 AM

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Š 2005 Mitchell Repair Information Company, LLC.


2008 Ford Ranger 2008 STEERING Power Steering - Ranger

3. Move the steering gear as far to the RH side of the vehicle as possible.

Fig. 30: Moving Steering Gear As Far To RH Side Of Vehicle As Possible Courtesy of FORD MOTOR CO. 4. Move the LH inner tie rod into the opening in the crossmember and move the steering gear into position.

Fig. 31: Locating LH Inner Tie Rod Courtesy of FORD MOTOR CO. 5. To place the steering gear in the straight-ahead position, turn the steering gear input shaft to the left by 1/2 the number of turns previously recorded. 6. Rotate the steering gear control valve housing toward the rear of the vehicle.

Fig. 32: Rotating Steering Gear Control Valve Housing Toward Rear Of Vehicle Courtesy of FORD MOTOR CO. 7. Install the 2 steering gear studs. Microsoft Wednesday, November 11, 2009 11:21:16 AM

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2008 Ford Ranger 2008 STEERING Power Steering - Ranger

CAUTION: Hold the tops of the steering gear studs to avoid damaging the steering gear fluid transfer tubes. 8. Install the 2 steering gear nuts.  Tighten to 150 Nm (111 lb-ft). CAUTION: New O-rings must be installed any time the lines are disconnected from the steering gear or a fluid leak may occur. 9. Position the pressure and return lines and install the steering line clamp plate nut.  Tighten to 35 Nm (26 lb-ft). CAUTION: Do not allow the steering column to rotate while the steering column shaft is disconnected from the steering gear or damage to the clockspring may result. If there is evidence that the steering column has rotated, the clockspring must be removed and re-centered. For additional information, refer to SUPPLEMENTAL RESTRAINT SYSTEM article. 10. Connect the steering column shaft to the steering gear and install a new bolt.  Tighten to 55 Nm (41 lb-ft). 11. Install the stabilizer bar and link. For additional information, refer to FRONT SUSPENSION - FOUR WHEEL DRIVE (4WD) article. 12. Install the outer tie-rod ends.  Rotate the outer tie-rod ends the number of turns recorded during removal. 13. Position the outer tie-rod ends and install the nuts and new cotter pins.  Check that the brake disc shields are not bent and are not in contact with the outer tie-rod end boots.  Tighten to 80 Nm (59 lb-ft). 3.0L and 4.0L engines 14. Install the power steering fluid cooler. For additional information, refer to Power Steering Fluid Cooler. All vehicles 15. Tighten the tie-rod jam nuts.  Tighten to 80 Nm (59 lb-ft). 16. Fill the power steering system. For additional information, refer to STEERING SYSTEM - GENERAL INFORMATION article. 17. Check and, if necessary, adjust the front toe. For additional information, refer to SUSPENSION SYSTEM - GENERAL INFORMATION article. Microsoft Wednesday, November 11, 2009 11:21:16 AM

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