Page 1

MODEL APPLICATION Year

Model

2011

ZX1000GB

2011

ZX1000HB

2012

ZX1000GC

2012

ZX1000HC

Beginning Frame No. JKAZXCG1□BA000001 JKAZXT00GGA000001 JKAZXCH1□BA000001 JKAZXT00GHA000001 JKAZXCG1□CA013001 JKAZXT00GGA013001 JKAZXCH1□CA003001 JKAZXT00GHA013001

□:This digit in the frame number changes from one machine to another.

Part No.99924-1442-02

Printed in Japan


Z1000SX Z1000SX ABS Ninja 1000 Ninja 1000 ABS

Motorcycle Service Manual


Quick Reference Guide

This quick reference guide will assist you in locating a desired topic or procedure. •Bend the pages back to match the black tab of the desired chapter number with the black tab on the edge at each table of contents page. •Refer to the sectional table of contents for the exact pages to locate the specific topic required.

General Information

1 j

Periodic Maintenance

2 j

Fuel System (DFI)

3 j

Cooling System

4 j

Engine Top End

5 j

Clutch

6 j

Engine Lubrication System

7 j

Engine Removal/Installation

8 j

Crankshaft/Transmission

9 j

Wheels/Tires

10 j

Final Drive

11 j

Brakes

12 j

Suspension

13 j

Steering

14 j

Frame

15 j

Electrical System

16 j

Appendix

17 j


Z1000SX Z1000SX ABS Ninja 1000 Ninja 1000 ABS

Motorcycle Service Manual All rights reserved. No parts of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic mechanical photocopying, recording or otherwise, without the prior written permission of Quality Assurance Division/Motorcycle & Engine Company/Kawasaki Heavy Industries, Ltd., Japan. No liability can be accepted for any inaccuracies or omissions in this publication, although every possible care has been taken to make it as complete and accurate as possible. The right is reserved to make changes at any time without prior notice and without incurring an obligation to make such changes to products manufactured previously. See your Motorcycle dealer for the latest information on product improvements incorporated after this publication. All information contained in this publication is based on the latest product information available at the time of publication. Illustrations and photographs in this publication are intended for reference use only and may not depict actual model component parts.

Š 2010 Kawasaki Heavy Industries, Ltd.

2nd Edition (0) : Jun. 20, 2011


LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS A ABDC AC ATDC BBDC BDC BTDC °C DC F °F ft g h L

ampere(s) after bottom dead center alternating current after top dead center before bottom dead center bottom dead center before top dead center degree(s) Celsius direct current farad(s) degree(s) Fahrenheit foot, feet gram(s) hour(s) liter(s)

lb m min N Pa PS psi r rpm TDC TIR V W Ω

pound(s) meter(s) minute(s) newton(s) pascal(s) horsepower pound(s) per square inch revolution revolution(s) per minute top dead center total indicator reading volt(s) watt(s) ohm(s)

COUNTRY AND AREA CODES AT

Austria

AU

Australia

BR CA

Brazil Canada

CAL

California

CH

Switzerland

DE

Germany

United Kingdom Southeast Asia B1 (with Evaporative Emission Control System) SEA-B2 Southeast Asia B2 US United States WVTA WVTA Model with Honeycomb (FULL H) Catalytic Converter (Full Power) GB WVTA WVTA Model with Honeycomb Catalytic (FULL H) Converter (Left Side Traffic, Full Power) WVTA WVTA Model with Honeycomb (78.2 H) Catalytic Converter (78.2 Kw Power) GB SEA-B1


EMISSION CONTROL INFORMATION To protect the environment in which we all live, Kawasaki has incorporated crankcase emission (1) and exhaust emission (2) control systems in compliance with applicable regulations of the United States Environmental Protection Agency and California Air Resources Board. Additionally, Kawasaki has incorporated an evaporative emission control system (3) in compliance with applicable regulations of the California Air Resources Board on vehicles sold in California only. 1. Crankcase Emission Control System This system eliminates the release of crankcase vapors into the atmosphere. Instead, the vapors are routed through an oil separator to the intake side of the engine. While the engine is operating, the vapors are drawn into combustion chamber, where they are burned along with the fuel and air supplied by the fuel injection system. 2. Exhaust Emission Control System This system reduces the amount of pollutants discharged into the atmosphere by the exhaust of this motorcycle. The fuel, ignition, and exhaust systems of this motorcycle have been carefully designed and constructed to ensure an efficient engine with low exhaust pollutant levels. The exhaust system of this model motorcycle manufactured primarily for sale in California includes a catalytic converter system. 3. Evaporative Emission Control System Vapors caused by fuel evaporation in the fuel system are not vented into the atmosphere. Instead, fuel vapors are routed into the running engine to be burned, or stored in a canister when the engine is stopped. Liquid fuel is caught by a vapor separator and returned to the fuel tank. The Clean Air Act, which is the Federal law covering motor vehicle pollution, contains what is commonly referred to as the Act’s “tampering provisions”. “Sec. 203(a) The following acts and the causing thereof are prohibited. (3)(A) for any person to remove or render inoperative any device or element of design installed on or in a motor vehicle or motor vehicle engine in compliance with regulations under this title prior to its sale and delivery to the ultimate purchaser, or for any manufacturer or dealer knowingly to remove or render inoperative any such device or element of design after such sale and delivery to the ultimate purchaser. (3)(B) for any person engaged in the business of repairing, servicing, selling, leasing, or trading motor vehicles or motor vehicle engines, or who operates a fleet of motor vehicles knowingly to remove or render inoperative any device or element of design installed on or in a motor vehicle or motor vehicle engine in compliance with regulations under this title following its sale and delivery to the ultimate purchaser...”

NOTE

○The phrase “remove or render inoperative any device or element of design” has been generally interpreted as follows. 1. Tampering does not include the temporary removal or rendering inoperative of devices or elements of design in order to perform maintenance. 2. Tampering could include. a.Maladjustment of vehicle components such that the emission standards are exceeded. b.Use of replacement parts or accessories which adversely affect the performance or durability of the motorcycle. c.Addition of components or accessories that result in the vehicle exceeding the standards. d.Permanently removing, disconnecting, or rendering inoperative any component or element of design of the emission control systems.

WE RECOMMEND THAT ALL DEALERS OBSERVE THESE PROVISIONS OF FEDERAL LAW, THE VIOLATION OF WHICH IS PUNISHABLE BY CIVIL PENALTIES NOT EXCEEDING $10 000 PER VIOLATION.


TAMPERING WITH NOISE CONTROL SYSTEM PROHIBITED Federal law prohibits the following acts or the causing thereof. (1) The removal or rendering inoperative by any person other than for purposes of maintenance, repair, or replacement, of any device or element of design incorporated into any new vehicle for the purpose of noise control prior to its sale or delivery to the ultimate purchaser or while it is in use, or (2) the use of the vehicle after such device or element of design has been removed or rendered inoperative by any person. Among those acts presumed to constitute tampering are the acts listed below. Replacement of the original exhaust system or muffler with a component not in compliance with Federal regulations. Removal of the muffler(s) or any internal portion of the muffler(s). Removal of the air box or air box cover. Modifications to the muffler(s) or air intake system by cutting, drilling, or other means if such modifications result in increased noise levels.

• • • •


Foreword This manual is designed primarily for use by trained mechanics in a properly equipped shop. However, it contains enough detail and basic information to make it useful to the owner who desires to perform his own basic maintenance and repair work. A basic knowledge of mechanics, the proper use of tools, and workshop procedures must be understood in order to carry out maintenance and repair satisfactorily. Whenever the owner has insufficient experience or doubts his ability to do the work, all adjustments, maintenance, and repair should be carried out only by qualified mechanics. In order to perform the work efficiently and to avoid costly mistakes, read the text, thoroughly familiarize yourself with the procedures before starting work, and then do the work carefully in a clean area. Whenever special tools or equipment are specified, do not use makeshift tools or equipment. Precision measurements can only be made if the proper instruments are used, and the use of substitute tools may adversely affect safe operation. For the duration of the warranty period, we recommend that all repairs and scheduled maintenance be performed in accordance with this service manual. Any owner maintenance or repair procedure not performed in accordance with this manual may void the warranty. To get the longest life out of your vehicle. Follow the Periodic Maintenance Chart in the Service Manual. Be alert for problems and non-scheduled maintenance. Use proper tools and genuine Kawasaki Motorcycle parts. Special tools, gauges, and testers that are necessary when servicing Kawasaki motorcycles are introduced by the Service Manual. Genuine parts provided as spare parts are listed in the Parts Catalog. Follow the procedures in this manual carefully. Don’t take shortcuts. Remember to keep complete records of maintenance and repair with dates and any new parts installed.

• • •

• •

How to Use This Manual In this manual, the product is divided into its major systems and these systems make up the manual’s chapters. The Quick Reference

Guide shows you all of the product’s system and assists in locating their chapters. Each chapter in turn has its own comprehensive Table of Contents. For example, if you want ignition coil information, use the Quick Reference Guide to locate the Electrical System chapter. Then, use the Table of Contents on the first page of the chapter to find the Ignition Coil section. Whenever you see symbols, heed their instructions! Always follow safe operating and maintenance practices.

DANGER DANGER indicates a hazardous situation which, if not avoided, will result in death or serious injury.

WARNING WARNING indicates a hazardous situation which, if not avoided, could result in death or serious injury.

NOTICE NOTICE is used to address practices not related to personal injury. This manual contains four more symbols which will help you distinguish different types of information.

NOTE

○This note symbol indicates points of particular interest for more efficient and convenient operation. a procedural step or work to be • Indicates done.

○Indicates a procedural sub-step or how to do the work of the procedural step it follows. It also precedes the text of a NOTE. Indicates a conditional step or what action to take based on the results of the test or inspection in the procedural step or sub-step it follows. In most chapters an exploded view illustration of the system components follows the Table of Contents. In these illustrations you will find the instructions indicating which parts require specified tightening torque, oil, grease or a locking agent during assembly.


GENERAL INFORMATION 1-1

General Information Table of Contents Before Servicing ..................................................................................................................... Model Identification................................................................................................................. General Specifications............................................................................................................ Unit Conversion Table ............................................................................................................

1 1-2 1-7 1-10 1-13


1-2 GENERAL INFORMATION Before Servicing Before starting to perform an inspection service or carry out a disassembly and reassembly operation on a motorcycle, read the precautions given below. To facilitate actual operations, notes, illustrations, photographs, cautions, and detailed descriptions have been included in each chapter wherever necessary. This section explains the items that require particular attention during the removal and reinstallation or disassembly and reassembly of general parts. Especially note the following.

Battery Ground Before completing any service on the motorcycle, disconnect the battery cables from the battery to prevent the engine from accidentally turning over. Disconnect the ground cable (–) first and then the positive (+). When completed with the service, first connect the positive (+) cable to the positive (+) terminal of the battery then the negative (–) cable to the negative terminal.

Edges of Parts Lift large or heavy parts wearing gloves to prevent injury from possible sharp edges on the parts.

Solvent Use a high-flush point solvent when cleaning parts. High -flush point solvent should be used according to directions of the solvent manufacturer.

Cleaning Vehicle before Disassembly Clean the vehicle thoroughly before disassembly. Dirt or other foreign materials entering into sealed areas during vehicle disassembly can cause excessive wear and decrease performance of the vehicle.


GENERAL INFORMATION 1-3 Before Servicing Arrangement and Cleaning of Removed Parts Disassembled parts are easy to confuse. Arrange the parts according to the order the parts were disassembled and clean the parts in order prior to assembly.

Storage of Removed Parts After all the parts including subassembly parts have been cleaned, store the parts in a clean area. Put a clean cloth or plastic sheet over the parts to protect from any foreign materials that may collect before re-assembly.

Inspection Reuse of worn or damaged parts may lead to serious accident. Visually inspect removed parts for corrosion, discoloration, or other damage. Refer to the appropriate sections of this manual for service limits on individual parts. Replace the parts if any damage has been found or if the part is beyond its service limit.

Replacement Parts Replacement parts must be KAWASAKI genuine or recommended by KAWASAKI. Gaskets, O-rings, oil seals, grease seals, circlips, cotter pins or self-locking nuts must be replaced with new ones whenever disassembled.

Assembly Order In most cases assembly order is the reverse of disassembly, however, if assembly order is provided in this Service Manual, follow the procedures given.


1-4 GENERAL INFORMATION Before Servicing Tightening Sequence Generally, when installing a part with several bolts, nuts, or screws, start them all in their holes and tighten them to a snug fit. Then tighten them according to the specified sequence to prevent case warpage or deformation which can lead to malfunction. Conversely when loosening the bolts, nuts, or screws, first loosen all of them by about a quarter turn and then remove them. If the specified tightening sequence is not indicated, tighten the fasteners alternating diagonally.

Tightening Torque Incorrect torque applied to a bolt, nut, or screw may lead to serious damage. Tighten fasteners to the specified torque using a good quality torque wrench.

Force Use common sense during disassembly and assembly, excessive force can cause expensive or hard to repair damage. When necessary, remove screws that have a non -permanent locking agent applied using an impact driver. Use a plastic-faced mallet whenever tapping is necessary.

Gasket, O-ring Hardening, shrinkage, or damage of both gaskets and O-rings after disassembly can reduce sealing performance. Remove old gaskets and clean the sealing surfaces thoroughly so that no gasket material or other material remains. Install the new gaskets and replace the used O-rings when re-assembling.

Liquid Gasket, Non-permanent Locking Agent For applications that require Liquid Gasket or a Non-permanent Locking Agent, clean the surfaces so that no oil residue remains before applying liquid gasket or non-permanent locking agent. Do not apply them excessively. Excessive application can clog oil passages and cause serious damage.


GENERAL INFORMATION 1-5 Before Servicing Press For items such as bearings or oil seals that must be pressed into place, apply small amount of oil to the contact area. Be sure to maintain proper alignment and use smooth movements when installing.

Ball Bearing and Needle Bearing Do not remove pressed ball or needle unless removal is absolutely necessary. Replace with new ones whenever removed. Press bearings with the manufacturer and size marks facing out. Press the bearing into place by putting pressure on the correct bearing race as shown. Pressing the incorrect race can cause pressure between the inner and outer race and result in bearing damage.

Oil Seal, Grease Seal Do not remove pressed oil or grease seals unless removal is necessary. Replace with new ones whenever removed. Press new oil seals with manufacture and size marks facing out. Make sure the seal is aligned properly when installing.

Apply specified grease to the lip of seal before installing the seal.

Circlips, Cotter Pins Replace the circlips or cotter pins that were removed with new ones. Take care not to open the clip excessively when installing to prevent deformation.


1-6 GENERAL INFORMATION Before Servicing Lubrication It is important to lubricate rotating or sliding parts during assembly to minimize wear during initial operation. Lubrication points are called out throughout this manual, apply the specific oil or grease as specified.

Direction of Engine Rotation When rotating the crankshaft by hand, the free play amount of rotating direction will affect the adjustment. Rotate the crankshaft to positive direction (clockwise viewed from output side).

Electrical Wires A two-color wire is identified first by the primary color and then the stripe color. Unless instructed otherwise, electrical wires must be connected to those of the same color.

Instrument Use a meter that has enough accuracy for an accurate measurement. Read the manufacture’s instructions thoroughly before using the meter. Incorrect values may lead to improper adjustments.


GENERAL INFORMATION 1-7 Model Identification ZX1000GB (United States and Canada) Left Side View

ZX1000GB (United States and Canada) Right Side View

Frame Number

Engine Number


1-8 GENERAL INFORMATION Model Identification ZX1000GB (Europe) Left Side View

ZX1000GB (Europe) Right Side View


GENERAL INFORMATION 1-9 Model Identification ZX1000HB Left Side View

ZX1000HB Right Side View


1-10 GENERAL INFORMATION General Specifications Items Dimensions Overall Length Overall Width Overall Height/High Position Wheelbase Road Clearance Seat Height Curb Mass: ZX1000G ZX1000H Front: ZX1000G ZX1000H Rear: ZX1000G ZX1000H Fuel Tank Capacity Performance Minimum Turning Radius Engine Type Cooling System Bore and Stroke Displacement Compression Ratio Maximum Horsepower

Maximum Torque

Carburetion System Starting System Ignition System Timing Advance Ignition Timing Spark Plug Cylinder Numbering Method Firing Order Valve Timing: Intake: Open Close

ZX1000GB ∼ GC/HB ∼ HC 2 105 mm (82.87 in.) 790 mm (31.1 in.) 1 170 mm (40.06 in.)/1 230 mm (48.43 in.) 1 445 mm (56.89 in.) 135 mm (5.31 in.) 820 mm (32.28 in.) 228 kg (503 lb) 231 kg (509 lb) 117 kg (258 lb) 118 kg (260 lb) 111 kg (245 lb) 113 kg (249 lb) 19 L (5.0 US gal.) 3.1 m (10.1 ft) 4-stroke, DOHC, 4-cylinder Liquid-cooled 77.0 × 56.0 mm (3.03 × 2.20 in.) 1 043 cm³ (63.64 cu in.) 11.8 : 1 101.5 kW (138 PS) @9 600 r/min (rpm) (SEA-B1/B2) 100 kW (136 PS) @9 000 r/min (rpm) (WVTA (78.2 H)) 78.2 kW (106 PS) @9 100 r/min (rpm) (CA, US) – – – 110 N·m (11.2 kgf·m, 81.1 ft·lb) @7 800 r/min (rpm) (WVTA (78.2 H)) 95 N·m (9.7 kgf·m, 70 ft·lb) @7 500 r/min (rpm) (CA, US) – – – FI (Fuel Injection) KEIHIN TTK38 × 4 Electric starter Battery and coil (transistorized) Electronically advanced (digital igniter) From 10° BTDC @1 100 r/min (rpm) to 40.2° BTDC @5 200 r/min (rpm) NGK CR9EIA-9 Left to right, 1-2-3-4 1-2-4-3

31° BTDC 65° ABDC


GENERAL INFORMATION 1-11 General Specifications Items Duration Exhaust: Open Close Duration Lubrication System Engine Oil: Type Viscosity Capacity Drive Train Primary Reduction System: Type Reduction Ratio Clutch Type Transmission: Type Gear Ratios: 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th Final Drive System: Type Reduction Ratio Overall Drive Ratio Frame Type Caster (Rake Angle) Trail Front Tire: Type Size Rim Size Rear Tire: Type Size Rim Size Front Suspension: Type Wheel Travel

ZX1000GB ∼ GC/HB ∼ HC 276° 58° BBDC 18° ATDC 256° Forced lubrication (wet sump) API SG, SH, SJ, SL or SM with JASO MA, MA1 or MA2 SAE 10W-40 4.0 L (4.2 US qt)

Gear 1.627 (83/51) Wet multi disc 6-speed, constant mesh, return shift 2.600 1.950 1.600 1.389 1.238 1.136

(39/15) (39/20) (24/15) (25/18) (26/21) (25/22)

Chain drive 2.733 (41/15) 5.055 @Top gear Tubular, diamond 24.5° 102 mm (4.02 in.) Tubeless 120/70 ZR17 M/C (58W) J17M/C × MT3.50 Tubeless 190/50 ZR17 M/C (73W) J17M/C × MT6.00 Telescopic fork (upside-down) 120 mm (4.72 in.)


1-12 GENERAL INFORMATION General Specifications Items Rear Suspension: Type Wheel Travel Brake Type: Front Rear Electrical Equipment Battery Headlight: Type High Beam Low Beam Tail/Brake Light Alternator: Type

ZX1000GB ∼ GC/HB ∼ HC Swingarm 138 mm (5.43 in.) Dual discs Single disc 12 V 8 Ah Semi-sealed beam 12 V 55 W 12 V 55 W LED Three-phase AC

Specifications are subject to change without notice, and may not apply to every country.


GENERAL INFORMATION 1-13 Unit Conversion Table Prefixes for Units: Prefix mega kilo centi milli micro

Units of Length:

Symbol M k c m µ

× × × × ×

Power 1 000 000 1 000 0.01 0.001 0.000001

Units of Mass: kg g

× ×

2.205 0.03527

= =

lb oz

= = = = = = = = =

gal (US) gal (IMP) qt (US) qt (IMP) pint (US) pint (IMP) oz (US) oz (IMP) cu in

= = = =

kg lb N lb

Units of Volume: L L L L L L mL mL mL

× × × × × × × × ×

0.2642 0.2200 1.057 0.8799 2.113 1.816 0.03381 0.02816 0.06102

× × × ×

× × ×

0.6214 3.281 0.03937

= = =

mile ft in

= = = = = =

kgf·m ft·lb in·lb N·m ft·lb in·lb

= = = = = =

kgf/cm² psi cmHg kPa psi kPa

=

mph

= = = =

PS HP kW HP

Units of Torque: N·m N·m N·m kgf·m kgf·m kgf·m

× × × × × ×

0.1020 0.7376 8.851 9.807 7.233 86.80

Units of Pressure:

Units of Force: N N kg kg

km m mm

0.1020 0.2248 9.807 2.205

Units of Temperature:

kPa kPa kPa kgf/cm² kgf/cm² cmHg

× × × × × ×

0.01020 0.1450 0.7501 98.07 14.22 1.333

Units of Speed: km/h

×

0.6214

Units of Power: kW kW PS PS

× × × ×

1.360 1.341 0.7355 0.9863


PERIODIC MAINTENANCE 2-1

Periodic Maintenance Table of Contents Periodic Maintenance Chart ................................................................................................... Torque and Locking Agent...................................................................................................... Specifications ......................................................................................................................... Special Tools .......................................................................................................................... Periodic Maintenance Procedures.......................................................................................... Fuel System (DFI)................................................................................................................ Throttle Control System Inspection................................................................................... Engine Vacuum Synchronization Inspection..................................................................... Idle Speed Inspection ....................................................................................................... Idle Speed Adjustment...................................................................................................... Fuel Hose Inspection (fuel leak, damage, installation condition) ...................................... Evaporative Emission Control System (CAL and SEA-B1 Models) Inspection................. Cooling System.................................................................................................................... Coolant Level Inspection................................................................................................... Radiator Hose and Pipe Inspection (coolant leak, damage, installation condition) .......... Engine Top End ................................................................................................................... Valve Clearance Inspection .............................................................................................. Valve Clearance Adjustment............................................................................................. Air Suction System Damage Inspection............................................................................ Clutch................................................................................................................................... Clutch Operation Inspection.............................................................................................. Wheels/Tires ........................................................................................................................ Air Pressure Inspection..................................................................................................... Wheel/Tire Damage Inspection......................................................................................... Tire Tread Wear Inspection............................................................................................... Wheel Bearing Damage Inspection .................................................................................. Final Drive............................................................................................................................ Drive Chain Lubrication Condition Inspection ................................................................... Drive Chain Slack Inspection ............................................................................................ Drive Chain Slack Adjustment .......................................................................................... Wheel Alignment Inspection ............................................................................................. Wheel Alignment Adjustment............................................................................................ Drive Chain Wear Inspection ............................................................................................ Chain Guide Wear Inspection ........................................................................................... Brakes.................................................................................................................................. Brake Fluid Leak (Brake Hose and Pipe) Inspection ........................................................ Brake Hose and Pipe Damage and Installation Condition Inspection............................... Brake Operation Inspection .............................................................................................. Brake Fluid Level Inspection............................................................................................. Brake Pad Wear Inspection .............................................................................................. Brake Light Switch Operation Inspection .......................................................................... Suspension .......................................................................................................................... Front Forks/Rear Shock Absorber Operation Inspection .................................................. Front Fork Oil Leak Inspection.......................................................................................... Rear Shock Absorber Oil Leak Inspection ........................................................................ Rocker Arm Operation Inspection..................................................................................... Tie-Rod Operation Inspection ........................................................................................... Steering ............................................................................................................................... Steering Play Inspection ................................................................................................... Steering Play Adjustment..................................................................................................

2-3 2-7 2-13 2-15 2-17 2-17 2-17 2-17 2-21 2-22 2-22 2-23 2-24 2-24 2-24 2-24 2-24 2-26 2-29 2-30 2-30 2-31 2-31 2-31 2-31 2-32 2-33 2-33 2-33 2-34 2-34 2-34 2-35 2-35 2-36 2-36 2-37 2-37 2-37 2-38 2-39 2-40 2-40 2-40 2-40 2-40 2-41 2-41 2-41 2-41

2


2-2 PERIODIC MAINTENANCE Steering Stem Bearing Lubrication ................................................................................... Electrical System ................................................................................................................. Lights and Switches Operation Inspection........................................................................ Headlight Aiming Inspection ............................................................................................. Sidestand Switch Operation Inspection ............................................................................ Engine Stop Switch Operation Inspection......................................................................... Others .................................................................................................................................. Chassis Parts Lubrication ................................................................................................. Bolts, Nuts and Fasteners Tightness Inspection............................................................... Replacement Parts .............................................................................................................. Air Cleaner Element Replacement.................................................................................... Fuel Hose Replacement ................................................................................................... Coolant Change ................................................................................................................ Radiator Hose and O-ring Replacement........................................................................... Engine Oil Change............................................................................................................ Oil Filter Replacement ...................................................................................................... Brake Hose Replacement ................................................................................................. Brake Fluid Change .......................................................................................................... Master Cylinder Rubber Parts Replacement .................................................................... Caliper Rubber Parts Replacement .................................................................................. Spark Plug Replacement ..................................................................................................

2-43 2-44 2-44 2-46 2-47 2-48 2-49 2-49 2-51 2-52 2-52 2-52 2-54 2-56 2-57 2-57 2-58 2-59 2-61 2-62 2-66


PERIODIC MAINTENANCE 2-3 Periodic Maintenance Chart The scheduled maintenance must be done in accordance with this chart to keep the motorcycle in good running condition.The initial maintenance is vitally important and must not be neglected.

Periodic Inspection FREQUENCY Whichever comes first 1 ITEM Fuel System Throttle control system (play, smooth return, no drag) - inspect Engine vacuum synchronization inspect

year

year year year

Coolant leak (water hose and pipe) - inspect

year

Water hose damage - inspect

year

Tire air pressure - inspect

year

12

18

24

30

36

• • • • • •

• • • •

• • • •

• • • • •

• • • • • • •

• • • •

• • • • • •

2-17

2-23

• • • •

2-24

• year

Tire tread wear, abnormal wear inspect year

2-17 2-21 2-22 2-22 2-22

2-24 2-24 2-24

2-24

Every 42 000 km (26 250 mile)

Wheel/tire damage - inspect

Wheel bearing damage - inspect

Coolant level - inspect

Water hose installation condition inspect Engine Top End US, CA, CAL Model Valve clearance Other than inspect US, CA, CAL Models Air suction system damage inspect Clutch Clutch operation (play, disengagement, engagement) inspect Wheels and Tires

6

See Page

Every (0.6) (3.75) (7.5) (11.25) (15) (18.75) (22.5)

Idle speed - inspect Fuel leak (fuel hose and pipe) inspect Fuel hose and pipe damage inspect Fuel hose and pipe installation condition - inspect Evaporative emission control system function (CAL), (SEA-B1) - inspect Cooling System

* ODOMETER READING × 1 000 km (× 1 000 mile)

2-24

2-29

2-30

• • • •

• • • •

• • • •

2-31 2-31 2-31 2-32


2-4 PERIODIC MAINTENANCE Periodic Maintenance Chart FREQUENCY Whichever comes first 1 ITEM Final Drive Drive chain lubrication condition inspect # Drive chain slack - inspect #

* ODOMETER READING × 1 000 km (× 1 000 mile) 6

30

36

2-33

Every 1 000 km (600 mile)

2-33

• • year year year year 6 months

• • • • •

Brake pad wear - inspect # Brake light switch operation inspect Suspension Front forks/rear shock absorber operation (damping and smooth stroke) - inspect Front forks/rear shock absorber oil leak - inspect

24

Every 600 km (400 mile)

Drive chain guide wear - inspect

Brake fluid level - inspect

18

Every (0.6) (3.75) (7.5) (11.25) (15) (18.75) (22.5)

Drive chain wear - inspect # Brakes Brake fluid leak (brake hose and pipe) - inspect Brake hose and pipe damage inspect Brake hose and pipe installation condition - inspect Brake operation (effectiveness, play, no drag) - inspect

12

See Page

year

Rocker arm operation - inspect Tie-rods operation - inspect

• • • • • • •

• • • • • • •

• • • • • • • • •

• • • • • • •

• • • • • • •

• •

2-35

• • • • • • •

2-36

2-35

2-37 2-37 2-37 2-37 2-38 2-39

2-40

• • •

• • •

• • •

2-40

• •

2-41

• • • •

• • • •

• • • •

2-44

• •

• •

• •

2-49

2-40 2-41

Steering Steering play - inspect

year

Steering stem bearings - lubricate 2 years Electrical System Lights and switches operation inspect Headlight aiming - inspect Sidestand switch operation inspect Engine stop switch operation inspect Others Chassis parts - lubricate Bolts and nuts tightness - inspect

year year year year

year

2-43

2-46 2-47 2-48

2-51


PERIODIC MAINTENANCE 2-5 Periodic Maintenance Chart #: Service more frequently when operating in severe conditions; dusty, wet, muddy, high speed or frequent starting/stopping. *: For higher odometer readings, repeat at the frequency interval established here.


2-6 PERIODIC MAINTENANCE Periodic Maintenance Chart Periodic Replacement Parts FREQUENCY Whichever comes first

* ODOMETER READING × 1 000 km (× 1 000 mile) 1

12

24

36

48

ITEM Air cleaner element # - replace Fuel hose - replace

Every (0.6) (7.5) (15) (22.5) (30) Every 18 000 km (11 250 mile) 5 years

Coolant - change

3 years

Radiator hose and O-ring - replace

3 years

Engine oil # - change

year

Oil filter - replace

year

Brake hose - replace

4 years

Brake fluid - change

2 years

Rubber parts of master cylinder and caliper replace

4 years

Spark plug - replace

• •

• •

• •

• • • •

• •

See Page

2-52 2-52 2-54 2-56

• • • • • •

2-57 2-57 2-58 2-59 2-61, 2-62 2-66

#: Service more frequently when operating in severe conditions; dusty, wet, muddy, high speed or frequent starting/stopping. *: For higher odometer readings, repeat at the frequency interval established here.


PERIODIC MAINTENANCE 2-7 Torque and Locking Agent The following tables list the tightening torque for the major fasteners requiring use of a non-permanent locking agent or silicone sealant etc. Letters used in the “Remarks” column mean: AL: Tighten the two clamp bolts alternately two times to ensure even tightening torque. G: Apply grease. L: Apply a non-permanent locking agent. MO: Apply molybdenum disulfide oil solution. (mixture of the engine oil and molybdenum disulfide grease in a weight ratio 10 : 1) R: Replacement Parts S: Follow the specified tightening sequence. Si: Apply silicone grease (ex. PBC grease). SS: Apply silicone sealant.

Fastener Fuel System (DFI) Upper Air Cleaner Housing Screws Throttle Body Assy Holder Clamp Bolts Air Cleaner Duct Clamp Bolts Delivery Pipe Assy Mounting Screws Oxygen Sensor (Equipped Models) Intake Air Temperature Sensor Mounting Screw Water Temperature Sensor Exhaust Butterfly Valve Actuator Pulley Bolt Exhaust Butterfly Valve Actuator Mounting Screws Fuel Pump Bolts Cooling System Hot Windshield Mounting Bolts Coolant By-pass Fitting Bolt Thermostat Housing Bolts Radiator (Water) Hose Clamp Screws Water Pipe Bolts Water Pump Impeller Bolt Water Pump Cover Bolts Coolant Drain Bolt Engine Top End Air Suction Valve Cover Bolts Spark Plugs Cylinder Head Cover Bolts Hot Windshield Mounting Bolts Camshaft Sprocket Bolts Front Camshaft Chain Guide Bolt (Upper) Rear Camshaft Chain Guide Bolt Front Camshaft Chain Guide Bolt (Lower) Throttle Body Assy Holder Bolts

N·m

Torque kgf·m

ft·lb

1.1 2.9 2.0 3.4 44 1.2 30 5.0

0.11 0.30 0.20 0.35 4.5 0.12 3.0 0.51

9.7 in·lb 26 in·lb 18 in·lb 30 in·lb 32 11 in·lb 22 44 in·lb

1.2

0.12

11 in·lb

9.8

1.0

87 in·lb

9.8 8.8 5.9 2.9 12 9.8 11 11

1.0 0.90 0.60 0.30 1.2 1.0 1.1 1.1

87 in·lb 78 in·lb 52 in·lb 26 in·lb 106 in·lb 87 in·lb 97 in·lb 97 in·lb

9.8 13 9.8 9.8 15 25 25 12 12

1.0 1.3 1.0 1.0 1.5 2.5 2.5 1.2 1.2

87 in·lb 115 in·lb 87 in·lb 87 in·lb 11 18 18 106 in·lb 106 in·lb

Remarks

L

L L L

L S L

L


2-8 PERIODIC MAINTENANCE Torque and Locking Agent Fastener Cylinder Head Bolts (M6) Upper Camshaft Chain Guide Bolts Plugs Camshaft Cap Bolts Cylinder Head Bolts (M10) (First) Cylinder Head Bolts (M10) (Final) Camshaft Chain Tensioner Mounting Bolts Camshaft Chain Tensioner Cap Bolt Exhaust Butterfly Valve Actuator Pulley Bolt Exhaust Butterfly Valve Actuator Bolts Muffler Body Mounting Bolts Premuffler Chamber Mounting Bolt Muffler Body Clamp Bolts Clutch Clutch Lever Assembly Clamp Bolts Clutch Cover Bolts Oil Filler Plug Clutch Spring Bolts Clutch Hub Nut Engine Lubrication System Oil Filler Plug Oil Cooler Bolts Oil Passage Plug Radiator (Water) Hose Clamp Screws Oil Pressure Switch Oil Pressure Relief Valve Oil Filter Oil Filter Pipe Oil Pan Bolts Engine Oil Drain Bolt Engine Removal/Installation Upper Engine Bracket Bolts Lower Engine Bracket Bolts Upper Adjusting Collar Upper Engine Mounting Bolt (L = 65) Upper Adjusting Collar Locknut Upper Engine Mounting Bolt (L = 40) Lower Engine Mounting Nut Lower Adjusting Collar Locknut Middle Engine Bracket Bolts Middle Engine Mounting Nut Lower Adjusting Collar

N·m 12 12 19.6 12 20 54 11 20 5.0 1.2 34 34 21

Torque kgf·m 1.2 1.2 2.0 1.2 2.0 5.5 1.1 2.0 0.51 0.12 3.5 3.5 2.1

ft·lb 106 in·lb 106 in·lb 14 106 in·lb 15 40 97 in·lb 15 44 in·lb 11 in·lb 25 25 15

7.8 9.8 2.0 9.0 135

0.80 1.0 0.20 0.90 13.8

69 in·lb 87 in·lb 18 in·lb 80 in·lb 99.6

2.0 12 20 3.0 15 15 17 25 12 29

0.20 1.2 2.0 0.31 1.5 1.5 1.7 2.5 1.2 3.0

18 in·lb 106 in·lb 15 27 in·lb 11 11 13 18 106 in·lb 21

44 59 9.8 44 49 44 44 49 25 44 9.8

4.5 6.0 1.0 4.5 5.0 4.5 4.5 5.0 2.5 4.5 1.0

32 44 87 in·lb 32 36 32 32 36 18 32 87 in·lb

Remarks S S L S S, MO S, MO

S

R

L SS L G, R L S

S S S S S S S S L, S S S


PERIODIC MAINTENANCE 2-9 Torque and Locking Agent Fastener Crankshaft/Transmission Balancer Shaft Clamp Bolt Balancer Shaft Lever Bolt Breather Side Plate Bolt Connecting Rod Big End Nuts Breather Plate Bolts Shift Drum Bearing Holder Bolts Oil Passage Plugs Oil Passage Plug Starter Motor Clutch Bolts Crankcase Bolts (M7) Crankcase Bolts (M9) Crankcase Bolts (M6) Crankcase Bolts (M8) Gear Positioning Lever Bolt Shift Drum Cam Bolt Neutral Switch Shift Shaft Return Spring Pin Shift Pedal Mounting Bolt Wheels/Tires Front Axle Clamp Bolt Front Axle Rear Axle Nut Final Drive Engine Sprocket Nut Drive Chain Guide Bolts Speed Sensor Mounting Bolt Chain Adjuster Clamp Bolts Rear Sprocket Nuts Brakes Front Master Cylinder Reservoir Cap Stopper Screw Brake Lever Pivot Bolt Front Master Cylinder Bleed Valve Front Master Cylinder Clamp Bolts Brake Lever Pivot Bolt Locknut Front Brake Light Switch Screw Brake Hose Banjo Bolts Front Caliper Assembly Bolts Front Caliper Mounting Bolts Bleed Valves Front Brake Pad Pins Front Brake Disc Mounting Bolts

N·m

Torque kgf·m

ft·lb

9.8 25 5.9 see the text 9.8 12 20 9.8 12 20 42 20 27 12 12 15 39 25

1.0 2.5 0.60 ← 1.0 1.2 2.0 1.0 1.2 2.0 4.2 2.0 2.8 1.2 1.2 1.5 4.0 2.5

87 in·lb 18 52 in·lb ← 87 in·lb 106 in·lb 15 87 in·lb 106 in·lb 15 31 15 20 106 in·lb 106 in·lb 11 29 18

20 108 98

2.0 11.0 10

15 79.7 72

AL

125 9.8 6.9 64 59

12.7 1.0 0.70 6.5 6.0

92.2 87 in·lb 61 in·lb 47 44

MO

1.2

0.12

11 in·lb

1.0 5.4 11 5.9 1.2 25 22 34 7.8 15 27

0.10 0.55 1.1 0.60 0.12 2.5 2.2 3.5 0.80 1.5 2.8

8.8 in·lb 48 in·lb 97 in·lb 52 in·lb 11 in·lb 18 16 25 69 in·lb 11 20

Remarks

L L MO L L L L S S, MO S S L L

L

Si S

L


2-10 PERIODIC MAINTENANCE Torque and Locking Agent Fastener Rear Master Cylinder Mounting Bolts Brake Pedal Bolt Rear Master Cylinder Push Rod Locknut Rear Brake Disc Mounting Bolts Rear Caliper Mounting Bolts Brake Pipe Joint Nuts Rear Brake Disc Mounting Bolts (ABS Equipped Models) Suspension Upper Front Fork Clamp Bolts Lower Front Fork Clamp Bolts Piston Rod Nuts Front Fork Top Plugs Front Axle Clump Bolts Front Fork Bottom Allen Bolts Rear Shock Absorber Bolt (Upper) Tie-rod Nuts Rear Shock Absorber Nut (Lower) Rocker Arm Nut Swingarm Pivot Adjusting Collar Locknut Swingarm Pivot Shaft Nut Torque Link Nuts Steering Left Switch Housing Screws Upper Front Fork Clamp Bolts Handlebar Holder Bolts Handlebar Bolts Right Switch Housing Screws Steering Stem Head Bolt Steering Stem Nut Lower Front Fork Clamp Bolts Frame Lower Fairing Upper Assembly Screws Lower Fairing Lower Assembly Screws Front Fender Mounting Bolts Stay Assembly Mounting Bolts Stopper Mounting Bolts Rear Frame Bracket Bolts Front Footpeg Bracket Bolts Rear Footpeg Bracket Bolts Rear Frame Bolts Sidestand Switch Bolt Sidestand Bracket Bolts

N·m 25 8.8 17 27 25 18

Torque kgf·m 2.5 0.90 1.7 2.8 2.5 1.8

ft·lb 18 78 in·lb 12 20 18 13

27

2.8

20

20 25 20 34 20 35 34 34 34 34 98 108 34

2.0 2.5 2.0 3.5 2.0 3.6 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5 10 11.0 3.5

15 18 15 25 15 26 25 25 25 25 72 79.7 25

3.5 25 25 34 3.5 108 25 20

0.36 2.5 2.5 3.5 0.36 11.0 2.5 2.0

31 in·lb 18 18 25 31 in·lb 79.7 18 15

1.2 1.2 3.9 6.9 4.2 44 25 25 25 8.8 49

0.12 0.12 0.40 0.70 0.42 4.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 0.90 5.0

11 in·lb 11 in·lb 35 in·lb 61 in·lb 37 in·lb 32 18 18 18 78 in·lb 36

Remarks

L L

L

AL

AL

R R R

L

AL

L

L L L


PERIODIC MAINTENANCE 2-11 Torque and Locking Agent Fastener Sidestand Bolt Grab Rail Mounting Bolts Electrical System Switch Housing Screws Oxygen Sensor (Equipped Models) Front Brake Light Switch Screw Front Turn Signal Light Mounting Screws Licence Plate Light Mounting Screws Intake Air Temperature Sensor Mounting Screw Spark Plugs Crankshaft Sensor Cover Bolts Water Temperature Sensor Timing Rotor Bolt Crankshaft Sensor Bolts Starter Motor Cable Terminal Nut Starter Motor Terminal Locknut Starter Motor Mounting Bolts Alternator Rotor Bolt Stator Coil Bolts Starter Motor Through Bolts Brush Holder Screw Oil Pressure Switch Oil Pressure Switch Terminal Bolt Alternator Cover Bolts Alternator Lead Holding Plate Bolt Neutral Switch Engine Ground Cable Terminal Bolt Sidestand Switch Bolt Speed Sensor Mounting Bolt

N·m 44 25

Torque kgf·m 4.5 2.5

ft·lb 32 18 ft·lb

3.5 44 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 13 12 30 39 5.9 5.9 11 9.8 155 12 4.9 3.8 15 2.0 12 12 15 9.8 8.8 6.9

0.36 4.5 0.12 0.12 0.12 0.12 1.3 1.2 3.0 4.0 0.60 0.60 1.1 1.0 15.8 1.2 0.50 0.39 1.5 0.20 1.2 1.2 1.5 1.0 0.90 0.70

31 in·lb 32 11 in·lb 11 in·lb 11 in·lb 11 in·ib 115 in·lb 106 in·lb 22 29 52 in·lb 52 in·lb 97 in·lb 87 in·lb 114 106 in·ib 43 in·lb 34 in·ib 11 18 in·ib 106 in·lb 106 in·ib 11 87 in·lb 78 in·lb 61 in·lb

Remarks

L

SS G L

L L


2-12 PERIODIC MAINTENANCE Torque and Locking Agent The table below, relating tightening torque to thread diameter, lists the basic torque for the bolts and nuts. Use this table for only the bolts and nuts which do not require a specific torque value. All of the values are for use with dry solvent-cleaned threads.

Basic Torque for General Fasteners Threads Diameter (mm) 5 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20

N·m 3.4 ∼ 4.9 5.9 ∼ 7.8 14 ∼ 19 25 ∼ 34 44 ∼ 61 73 ∼ 98 115 ∼ 155 165 ∼ 225 225 ∼ 325

Torque kgf·m 0.35 ∼ 0.50 0.60 ∼ 0.80 1.4 ∼ 1.9 2.6 ∼ 3.5 4.5 ∼ 6.2 7.4 ∼ 10.0 11.5 ∼ 16.0 17.0 ∼ 23.0 23.0 ∼ 33.0

ft·lb 30 ∼ 43 in·lb 52 ∼ 69 in·lb 10.0 ∼ 13.5 19.0 ∼ 25 33 ∼ 45 54 ∼ 72 83 ∼ 115 125 ∼ 165 165 ∼ 240


PERIODIC MAINTENANCE 2-13 Specifications Item Fuel System (DFI) Throttle Grip Free Play Idle Speed Bypass Screws (Turn Out) Throttle Body Vacuum Air Cleaner Element Cooling System Coolant: Type (Recommended) Color Mixed Ratio Freezing Point Total Amount Engine Top End Valve Clearance: Exhaust Intake Clutch Clutch Lever Free Play Engine Lubrication System Engine Oil: Type Viscosity Capacity

Wheels/Tires Tread Depth: Front

Rear

Air Pressure (when Cold): Front Rear Final Drive Drive Chain Slack

Standard

Service Limit

2 ∼ 3 mm (0.08 ∼ 0.12 in.) 1 100 ±50 r/min (rpm) 2 1/2 (for reference) 40.7 ±1.3 kPa (305 ±10 mmHg) at idle speed Viscous paper element

– – – – – – – – –

Permanent type of antifreeze Green Soft water 50%, Coolant 50% –35°C (–31°F) 2.9 L (3.1 US qt)

– – – – –

0.22 ∼ 0.31 mm (0.0087 ∼ 0.0122 in.) 0.15 ∼ 0.24 mm (0.0059 ∼ 0.0094 in.)

– – – – – –

2 ∼ 3 mm (0.08 ∼ 0.12 in.)

– – –

API SG, SH, SJ, SL or SM with JASO MA, MA1 or MA2 SAE 10W-40 3.2 L (3.4 US qt) (when filter is not removed) 3.8 L (4.0 US qt) (when filter is removed) 4.0 L (4.2 US qt) (when engine is completely dry)

– – –

3.6 mm (0.14 in.)

5.3 mm (0.21 in.)

– – – – – –

– – – – –

– – – – –

– – – – – – – – – – – –

1 mm (0.04 in.), (AT, CH, DE) 1.6 mm (0.06 in.) Up to 130 km/h (80 mph): 2 mm (0.08 in.), Over 130 km/h (80 mph): 3 mm (0.12 in.)

Up to 180 kg (397 lb) load: 250 kPa (2.5 kgf/cm², 36 psi) Up to 180 kg (397 lb) load: 290 kPa (2.9 kgf/cm², 42 psi)

– – –

20 ∼ 30 mm (0.8 ∼ 1.2 in.)

– – –

– – –


2-14 PERIODIC MAINTENANCE Specifications Item Drive Chain Wear (20-link Length) Standard Chain: Make Type Link Brakes Brake Fluid: Grade Brake Pad Lining Thickness: Front Rear Brake Light Timing: Front Rear Electrical System Spark Plug: Type

Standard 317.5 ∼ 318.2 mm (12.50 ∼ 12.53 in.)

Service Limit 319 mm (12.56 in.)

ENUMA EK525ZX 112 Links

– – – – – – – – –

DOT4

– – –

4.0 mm (0.16 in.) 5.0 mm (0.20 in.)

1 mm (0.04 in.) 1 mm (0.04 in.)

Pulled ON ON after about 10 mm (0.39 in.) of pedal travel

– – –

NGK CR9EIA-9

– – –

– – –


PERIODIC MAINTENANCE 2-15 Special Tools Inside Circlip Pliers: 57001-143

Attachment Jack: 57001-1252

Steering Stem Nut Wrench: 57001-1100

Spark Plug Wrench, Hex 16: 57001-1262

Jack: 57001-1238

Vacuum Gauge: 57001-1369

Pilot Screw Adjuster, A: 57001-1239

Throttle Sensor Setting Adapter: 57001-1538

Oil Filter Wrench: 57001-1249

Fuel Hose: 57001-1607


2-16 PERIODIC MAINTENANCE Special Tools Jack Attachment: 57001-1608


PERIODIC MAINTENANCE 2-17 Periodic Maintenance Procedures Fuel System (DFI) Throttle Control System Inspection

that the throttle grip [A] moves smoothly from full • Check open to close, and the throttle closes quickly and com-

pletely by the return spring in all steering positions. If the throttle grip does not return properly, check the throttle cable routing, grip free play, and cable damage. Then lubricate the throttle cable. Check the throttle grip free play [B]. Throttle Grip Free Play Standard: 2 ∼ 3 mm (0.08 ∼ 0.12 in.)

• • • • • •

If the free play is incorrect, adjust the throttle cable as follows. Loosen the locknuts [A] [B]. Screw both throttle cable adjusters [C] [D] to give the throttle grip plenty of play. Turn the decelerator cable adjuster [C] until 2 ∼ 3 mm (0.08 ∼ 0.12 in.) of throttle grip play is obtained. Tighten the locknut [A]. Turn the accelerator cable adjuster [D] until 2 ∼ 3 mm (0.08 ∼ 0.12 in.) of throttle grip play is obtained. Tighten the locknut [B]. If the free play can not be adjusted with the adjusters, replace the cable.

Engine Vacuum Synchronization Inspection NOTE

○These procedures are explained on the assumption that the intake and exhaust systems of the engine are in good condition. the motorcycle so that it is vertical. • Situate Remove air cleaner housing (see Air Cleaner Housing • Removalthe in the Fuel System (DFI) chapter). off the rubber caps [A] and vacuum hose [B] from the • Pull fittings of each throttle body. the California and Southeast Asia Models, pull off the • For vacuum hose [A].


2-18 PERIODIC MAINTENANCE Periodic Maintenance Procedures

• Plug the vacuum hose end [A].

a vacuum gauge (special tool) and hoses [A] to • Connect the fittings on the throttle body. Special Tool - Vacuum Gauge: 57001-1369

a highly accurate tachometer [B] to one of the • Connect stick coil primary leads.

the air switching valve hose end [A] and air cleaner • Plug housing fitting [B]. the air cleaner housing (see Air Cleaner Housing • Install Installation in the Fuel System (DFI) chapter).

the fuel hose (see Fuel Hose Replacement). • Remove the following parts temporary. • Connect Fuel Pump Lead Connector [A] Fuel Hose [B] Special Tool - Fuel Hose: 57001-1607


PERIODIC MAINTENANCE 2-19 Periodic Maintenance Procedures the engine and warm it up thoroughly. • Start Check • [A]. the idle speed, using a highly accurate tachometer Idle Speed Standard:

1 100 ±50 r/min (rpm)

If the idle speed is out of the specified range, adjust it with the adjusting screw (see Idle Speed Adjustment).

NOTICE Do not measure the idle speed by the tachometer of the meter unit. idling the engine, inspect the throttle body vacuum, • While using the vacuum gauge [B]. Throttle Body Vacuum Standard: 40.7 ±1.3 kPa (305 ±10 mmHg) at idle speed

If any vacuum is not within specifications, first synchronize the balance of the left (#1, #2 throttle valves) and right (#3, #4 throttle valves) assemblies. Example: #1: 260 mmHg #2: 300 mmHg #3: 250 mmHg #4: 280 mmHg With the engine at the correct idle speed, equalize higher vacuum of #1 or #2 (for example 300 mmHg) to higher vacuum of #3 or #4 (for example 280 mmHg) by turning the center adjusting screw [A].

○After adjustment,

NOTE

the final vacuum measurement between the highest throttle valves may not be 290 mmHg (for example). The goal is to have the highest two vacuums between the left (#1 and #2) and right (#3 and #4) banks be the same.

and close the throttle after each measurement, and • Open adjust the idle speed as necessary. the throttle valves have been synchronized, inspect • Once output voltage of the main throttle sensor to ensure proper operation (procedure is explained at the end of this section).


2-20 PERIODIC MAINTENANCE Periodic Maintenance Procedures If any one vacuum measurement is out of the specified range after left (#1, #2) and right (#2, #3) synchronization, adjust the bypass screws [A]. Special Tool - Pilot Screw Adjuster, A [B]: 57001-1239

the lower vacuum between #1 and #2 to the higher • Adjust vacuum of #1 and #2. the lower vacuum between #3 and #4 to the higher • Adjust vacuum of #3 and #4. and close the throttle valves after each measure• Open ment, and adjust the idle speed as necessary. the vacuums as before. • Check If all vacuums are within the specification range, finish the engine vacuum synchronization. If any vacuum can not be adjusted within the specification, remove the bypass screws #1 ∼ #4 and clean them.

in the bypass screw [A] with counting the number of • Turn turns until it seals fully but not tightly. Record the number of turns.

NOTICE Do not over tighten them. They could be damaged, requiring replacement.

• Remove: Bypass Screw • • • •

Spring [B] Washer [C] O-ring [D] Check the bypass screw and its hole for carbon deposits. If any carbons accumulate, wipe the carbons off from the bypass screw and the hole, using a cotton pad penetrated with a high-flash point solvent. Replace the O-ring with a new one. Check the tapered portion [E] of the bypass screw for wear or damage. If the bypass screw is worn or damaged, replace it. Turn in the bypass screw until it seats fully but not tightly.


PERIODIC MAINTENANCE 2-21 Periodic Maintenance Procedures out the same number of turns counted when first • Back turned in. This is to set the screw to its original position.

NOTE

○A throttle body has different “turns out” of the bypass screw for each individual unit. On setting the bypass screw, use the “turns out” determined during disassembly. the same procedure for other bypass screws. • Repeat Repeat the synchronization. • If the vacuums are correct, check the output voltage of the main throttle sensor (see Main Throttle Sensor Output Voltage Inspection in the Fuel System (DFI) chapter). Special Tool - Throttle Sensor Setting Adapter: -1538

57001

Main Throttle Sensor Output Voltage Connections to Adapter: Digital Meter (+) → W (sensor BL/W) lead Digital Meter (–) → BK (sensor BR/BK) lead Standard:

DC 0.985 ∼ 1.015 V at idle throttle opening

If the output voltage is out of the standard, check the input voltage of the main throttle sensor (see Main Throttle Sensor Input Voltage Inspection in the Fuel System (DFI) chapter). the vacuum gauge hoses and install the rubber • Remove caps on the original position. the California and Southeast Asia Models, install the • For vacuum hoses.

○Run the vacuum hoses according to Cable,

Wire, and Hose Routing section in the Appendix chapter. Refer to the diagram of the evaporative emission control system in the Fuel System (DFI) chapter too.

Idle Speed Inspection

the engine and warm it up thoroughly. • Start With the • [A]. engine idling, turn the handlebar to both sides If handlebar movement changes the idle speed, the throttle cables may be improperly adjusted or incorrectly routed or damaged. Be sure to correct any of these conditions before riding (see Throttle Control System Inspection and Cable, Wire, and Hose Routing section in the Appendix chapter).

WARNING Operation with improperly adjusted, incorrectly routed or damaged cables could result in an unsafe riding condition. Follow the service manual to be make sure to correct any of these conditions.

• Check the idle speed. Idle Speed Standard:

1 100 ±50 r/min (rpm)

If the idle speed is out of the specified range, adjust it.


2-22 PERIODIC MAINTENANCE Periodic Maintenance Procedures Idle Speed Adjustment

the engine and warm it up thoroughly. • Start the adjusting screw [A] until the idle speed is correct. •○Turn Open and close the throttle a few times to make sure that the idle speed is within the specified range. Readjust if necessary.

Fuel Hose Inspection (fuel leak, damage, installation condition)

○If the motorcycle is not properly handled, the high pressure inside the fuel line can cause fuel to leak [A] or the hose to burst. Support the fuel tank with a suitable bar (see Fuel Hose Replacement) and check the fuel hoses. Replace the hose if any fraying, cracks [B] or bulges [C] are noticed.

that the hoses are routed according to Cable, Wire, • Check and Hose Routing section in the Appendix chapter. Replace the hose if it has been sharply bent or kinked. Hose Joints [A] Fuel Hose [B]

that the hose joints are securely connected. •○Check Push and pull [A] the hose joint [B] back and forth more than two times, and make sure it is locked and does not come off. Fuel Pump Side [C] Throttle Body Assy Side [D]

WARNING Leaking fuel can cause a fire or explosion resulting in serious burns. Make sure the hose joint is installed correctly on the delivery pipe. If it comes off, reinstall the hose joint.


PERIODIC MAINTENANCE 2-23 Periodic Maintenance Procedures Evaporative Emission Control System (CAL and SEA-B1 Models) Inspection

the canister as follows. •○Inspect Remove the front seat (see Front Seat Removal in the Frame chapter). ○Remove the canister [A], and disconnect the hoses from the canister. ○Visually inspect the canister for cracks or other damage. If the canister has any cracks or bad damage, replace it with a new one.

NOTE

○The canister is designed to work well through the motorcycle’s life without any maintenance if it is used under normal conditions. the liquid/vapor separator as follows. •○Check Lift up the fuel tank front side, and support the fuel tank with the suitable bar (see Fuel Hose Replacement).

○Disconnect the hoses from the separator, and remove the separator [A] from the motorcycle right side. ○Visually inspect the separator for cracks and other damage. If the separator has any cracks or damage, replace it with a new one. ○To prevent the gasoline from flowing into or out of the canister, hold the separator perpendicular to the ground. Check the hoses of the evaporative emission control system as follows. ○Check that the hoses are securely connected and clips are in position. ○Replace any kinked, deteriorated or damaged hoses. ○Run the hoses according to Cable, Wire, and Hose Routing section in the Appendix chapter. Refer to the diagram of the evaporative emission control system in the Fuel System (DFI) chapter too. ○When installing the hoses, avoid sharp bending, kinking, flattening or twisting, and route the hoses with a minimum of bending so that the emission flow will not be obstructed.


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2012 KAWASAKI ZX1000GCF Ninja 1000 PUBLICATIONS Service Repair Manual  
2012 KAWASAKI ZX1000GCF Ninja 1000 PUBLICATIONS Service Repair Manual  
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