six KINGDOMS THE 6 MAJOR GROUPS OF LIVING THINGS Robert Perry Malibu High School
TAXONOMY A branch of biology that classifies organisms into related groups based on inherited traits.
THE MOST BROAD, GENERAL GROUPS CONTAINING THE LARGEST NUMBERS
KINGDOM PHYLUM CLASS ORDER FAMILY THE MOST NARROW & SPECIFIC GROUPS CONTAINING THE FEWEST NUMBERS
THE SCIENTIFIC NAME
OUR FAMILY TREE OLD TIMERS AT THE BOTTOM, NEW COMERS AT THE TOP.
BACTERIA (“MONERA”) Image: rst.gsfc.nasa.gov
The 5 Kingdoms of Life • There are over 3.5 million named species, and an estimated total of at least 50 million different species of organisms alive today on Earth.
Ultra-microscopic and hard to collect or observe at Zuma.
• PROTISTA Very common in plankton samples taken at Zuma.
• FUNGI Ultra-microscopic and hard to collect or observe at Zuma.
• Their relationships can be reduced to 5 or 6 major groups called the Kingdoms.
• PLANT Found only as natural ocean debris at Zuma.
• ANIMAL Found in water, sand and in plankton samples from Zuma.
1.BACTERIA Most abundant and diverse forms of life on Earth --- in the past and present. Often broken into two Kingdoms: Eubacteria Archaebacteria Ultra-microscopic size –1 – 2 µ m Important in ecosystem as producers, decomposers, and infections (parasites) Identified through culturing, incubating and their biochemistry Image source: Triarch
2.Archaebacteria Initially, archaea were seen as extremophiles that lived in harsh environments, such as hot springs and salt lakes, but they have since been found in a broad range of habitats, including soils, oceans, marshlands and the human colon. Archaea are particularly numerous in the oceans, and the archaea in plankton may be one of the most abundant groups of organisms on the planet. Source: Wikipedia
1.KINGDOM BACTERIA Prokaryotic Unicellular May be photosynthetic, chemosynthetic, heterotrophic or parasitic.
3. PROTISTA: A DIVERSE GROUP OF SIMPLE EUKARYOTIC ORGANISMS THAT DO NOT “FIT” IN OTHER KINGDOMS. MANY SCIENTISTS INCLUDE THE ALGAE (SEAWEEDS) IN THIS KINGDOM, BE WE DON’T. WE’LL TREAT THE ALGAE AS PLANTS. BUT DON’T BE SURPRISED IF YOUR COLLEGE PROFESSOR CALLS ALGAE A PROTIST.
1.KINGDOM PROTISTA Eukaryotic Unicellular May be photosynthetic, heterotrophic or parasitic.
4. KINGDOM FUNGI multicellular filamentous body with spores embedded in organic material heterotrophic by absorbing
Image source: http://www.natmus.dk/nmf/nb/8/english/art7.htm
5. KINGDOM PLANTAE
REMEMBER: FOR OUR RESEARCH AND TESTS, SEAWEEDS (ALGAE) ARE CONSIDERED TO BE PLANTS WHICH IS WHAT THEY ARE ECOLOGICALLY !
6. KINGDOM ANIMALIA
EXPAND YOUR VOCABULARY AND YOUR MIND: “ANIMALS” ARE NOT THE ONLY FORM OF LIFE ON EARTH. THINK ABOUT THE OTHER KINGDOMS OF LIFE TOO! THEY OUTNUMBER US !
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YOUR EUKARYOTIC MULTICELLULAR HETEROTROPHIC INGESTS FOOD smock !
My buddy Walt Reeves.