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six KINGDOMS THE 6 MAJOR GROUPS OF LIVING THINGS Robert Perry Malibu High School


TAXONOMY A branch of biology that classifies organisms into related groups based on inherited traits.


THE MOST BROAD, GENERAL GROUPS CONTAINING THE LARGEST NUMBERS

KINGDOM PHYLUM CLASS ORDER FAMILY THE MOST NARROW & SPECIFIC GROUPS CONTAINING THE FEWEST NUMBERS

GENUS SPECIES

THE SCIENTIFIC NAME


OUR FAMILY TREE OLD TIMERS AT THE BOTTOM, NEW COMERS AT THE TOP.

BACTERIA (“MONERA”) Image: rst.gsfc.nasa.gov


The 5 Kingdoms of Life • There are over 3.5 million named species, and an estimated total of at least 50 million different species of organisms alive today on Earth.

• BACTERIA

Ultra-microscopic and hard to collect or observe at Zuma.

• PROTISTA Very common in plankton samples taken at Zuma.

• FUNGI Ultra-microscopic and hard to collect or observe at Zuma.

• Their relationships can be reduced to 5 or 6 major groups called the Kingdoms.

• PLANT Found only as natural ocean debris at Zuma.

• ANIMAL Found in water, sand and in plankton samples from Zuma.


1.BACTERIA Most abundant and diverse forms of life on Earth --- in the past and present. Often broken into two Kingdoms: Eubacteria Archaebacteria  Ultra-microscopic size –1 – 2 µ m  Important in ecosystem as producers, decomposers, and infections (parasites)  Identified through culturing, incubating and their biochemistry Image source: Triarch


2.Archaebacteria Initially, archaea were seen as extremophiles that lived in harsh environments, such as hot springs and salt lakes, but they have since been found in a broad range of habitats, including soils, oceans, marshlands and the human colon. Archaea are particularly numerous in the oceans, and the archaea in plankton may be one of the most abundant groups of organisms on the planet. Source: Wikipedia


1.KINGDOM BACTERIA  Prokaryotic  Unicellular May be photosynthetic, chemosynthetic, heterotrophic or parasitic.


3. PROTISTA: A DIVERSE GROUP OF SIMPLE EUKARYOTIC ORGANISMS THAT DO NOT “FIT” IN OTHER KINGDOMS. MANY SCIENTISTS INCLUDE THE ALGAE (SEAWEEDS) IN THIS KINGDOM, BE WE DON’T. WE’LL TREAT THE ALGAE AS PLANTS. BUT DON’T BE SURPRISED IF YOUR COLLEGE PROFESSOR CALLS ALGAE A PROTIST.


1.KINGDOM PROTISTA  Eukaryotic  Unicellular May be photosynthetic, heterotrophic or parasitic.


4. KINGDOM FUNGI  multicellular  filamentous body with spores  embedded in organic material  heterotrophic by absorbing

Image source: http://www.natmus.dk/nmf/nb/8/english/art7.htm


5. KINGDOM PLANTAE

REMEMBER: FOR OUR RESEARCH AND TESTS, SEAWEEDS (ALGAE) ARE CONSIDERED TO BE PLANTS WHICH IS WHAT THEY ARE ECOLOGICALLY !


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KINGDOM PLANTAE


6. KINGDOM ANIMALIA

EXPAND YOUR VOCABULARY AND YOUR MIND: “ANIMALS” ARE NOT THE ONLY FORM OF LIFE ON EARTH. THINK ABOUT THE OTHER KINGDOMS OF LIFE TOO! THEY OUTNUMBER US !


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KINGDOM ANIMALIA


YOUR EUKARYOTIC MULTICELLULAR HETEROTROPHIC INGESTS FOOD smock !


My buddy Walt Reeves.

THE END

The 6 Kingdoms  

taxonomy - kingdoms of life

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