2 VOLUME 1 ISSUE 6
Getting to Zero
The overall WAD overarching theme for the next four years will be ―Getting to Zero‖ (till 2015) with the understanding that different groups and regions will focus on a zero which is most relevant to them. Ethiopia therefore needs to decide if it will also adopt "Zero AIDS-Related Deaths" as its World AIDS Day focus for 2011 or if it will focus instead on "Zero New Infections" or "Zero Discrimination" or all three zeros. How the ―Zeros‖ could be used in Ethiopia for World AIDS Day? Under Zero AIDS-related Deaths Ethiopia needs need to push for access to treatment for everyone as a fundamental human right to
health and access, not only for free or affordable medication but also food which is needed to take the medication. Towards Zero New Infections; Ethiopia needs to start talking more ―this multiple partner syndrome that we continue to glorify and recognize as it is almost suicidal behavior. We need to value ourselves and our loved ones enough to love protect and respect having safer sexual practices. Towards zero Stigma and Discrimination (S and D) continue to be the twin handicaps to all the work being done to halt the spread of HIV in the Ethiopia .World AIDS Day theme of ―Getting to Zero‖ is therefore the perfect platform for renewed focus and energies to be placed on HIV. ―HIV is with us and Ethiopia is still the region with the highest prevalence rate in sub-Saharan Africa. We have to look at our data on new infections ,AIDS related deaths and stigma and discrimination to choose our work area to aggressively and creatively address. We need to ramp up our efforts not just for WAD but all year. Our efforts to address this must be redoubled and it is not something that is the responsibility of Governments alone but as individuals living and working in any organizations we have to act. It begins with all of Us , You and Me.
What You Need To Know About the red ribbon
AIDS has killed more than 25 million people between 1981 and 2007 and an estimated 33.2 million people worldwide live with HIV as of 2007 making it one of the most destructive epidemics in recorded history. Despite recent, improved access to antiretroviral treatment and care in many regions of the world, the AIDS epidemic claimed an estimated 2 million lives in 2007, of which about 270,000 were children. World AIDS Day was first conceived in August 1987 by James W. Bunn and Thomas Netter, two public information officers for the Global Programme on AIDS at the World Health Organization in Geneva, Switzerland. Bunn and Netter took their idea to Dr. Jonathan Mann, Director of the Global Programme on AIDS (now known as UNAIDS). Dr. Mann liked the concept, approved it, and agreed with the recommendation that the first observance of World AIDS Day should be 1 December, 1988. In its first two years, the theme of World AIDS Day focused on children and young people. These themes were strongly criticized at the time for ignoring the fact that people of all ages may become infected with HIV and suffer from AIDS. But the themes drew attention to the HIV/AIDS epidemic, helped alleviate some of the stigma surrounding the disease, and helped boost recognition of the problem as a family disease.
VOLUME 1 ISSUE 6
Who moved my cheese?
The theme for this year‘s World AIDS Day is ―Getting to Zero Zero New HIV Infections. Zero Discrimination and Zero AIDS Related Deaths‖. The theme was announced on 9 September 2011 in Cape Town, South Africa. According to World Health Organization/WHO/ report World AIDS Day on 1 December brings together people from around the world to raise awareness about HIV/AIDS and demonstrate international solidarity in the face of the pandemic. The day is an opportunity for public and private partners to spread awareness about the status of the pandemic and encourage progress in HIV/AIDS prevention, treatment and care in high prevalence countries and around the world.
World AIDS Day, observed December 1 each year, is dedicated to raising awareness of the AIDS pandemic caused by the spread of HIV infection. It is common to hold memorials to honor persons who have died from HIV/AIDS on this day. Government and officials also observe the event, often with speeches or forums on the AIDS topics.
Choosing the theme From its inception until 2004, UNAIDS spearheaded the World AIDS Day campaign, choosing annual themes in consultation with other global health organizations. As of 2008, each year's World AIDS Day theme is chosen by the World AIDS Campaign's Global Steering Committee after extensive consultation with people, organizations and government agencies involved in the prevention and treatment of HIV/ AIDS. For each World AIDS Day from 2005 through 2010, the theme will be "Stop AIDS. Keep the Promise.‖, with a yearly sub-theme. This overarching theme is designed to encourage political leaders to keep their commitment to achieve universal access to HIV/AIDS prevention, treatment, care, and support by the year 2010.
But where did the ribbon come from? In 1988, a group called Visual AIDS was founded by arts professionals as a response to the effects of AIDS on the arts community and as a way of organizing artists, arts institutions, and arts audiences towards direct action on AIDS.
Three years later, in 1991, some of the Visual AIDS artists came together to design a visual symbol to demonstrate compassion for people living with HIV and their care givers. Inspired by the yellow ribbons honoring American soldiers serving in the Gulf war, the artists chose to create a red ribbon to symbolize support and solidarity for people living with HIV and to remember those who have died from AIDSrelated illnesses. The color red was chosen for its, "connection to blood and the idea of passion -- not only anger, but love, like a valentine," the This theme is not specific to World AIDS Project founders say. Day, but is used year-round in WAC's ef- In a spontaneous campaign in 1991, Red Ribbon forts to highlight HIV/AIDS awareness Project volunteers sent letters and red ribbons to within the context of other major global all attendees at the Tony Awards in the United events including the G8 Summit. World States where actor Jeremy Irons stepped out on AIDS Campaign also conducts "in-country" national television with a red ribbon pinned campaigns throughout the world, like the prominently on his lapel. 30 years after the first Student Stop AIDS Campaign, an infection cases of HIV – the red ribbon is the universal -awareness campaign targeting young peo- symbol of awareness and support for those livple throughout the world. ing with HIV. The red ribbon was the first ever The red ribbon has become an internationally recognized symbol for AIDS awareness, worn by people throughout the year in support of people living with HIV and in remembrance of those who have died. On 1 December this year, people around the world will be pinning on their red ribbons as they commemorate World AIDS Day.
ribbon symbol, inspiring later versions such as the pink ribbon for breast cancer awareness. Today the Red Ribbon has become an international symbol of solidarity and support for people living with HIV. Wearing a red ribbon is a simple and powerful way to challenge the stigma and prejudice surrounding AIDS .Wear yours with pride this World AIDS Day.
Cont’d from page 10
"Oh no," Hem argued. "I'm going to get to the bottom of this." While Hem and Haw were still trying to decide what to do. Sniff and Scurry were already well on their way. They went farther into the Maze, up and down corridors, looking for cheese in every Cheese Station they could find. They didn't think of anything else but finding New Cheese. They didn't find any for some time until they finally went into an area of the Maze where they had never been before: Cheese Station N. They squealed with delight. They found what they had been looking for: a great supply of New Cheese. They could hardly believe their eyes. It was the biggest store of cheese the mice had Hem and Haw went home that night hungry and ever seen. discouraged. But before they In the meantime, Hem and Haw were still The next day Hem and Haw left their homes, and back in Cheese Station C valuating their returned to Cheese Station C again, where they situation. They were now suffering from the effects of having no Cheese. They were still expected, somehow, to find their Cheese. The becoming frustrated and angry and were situation hadn't changed, the Cheese was no longer blaming each other for the situation they there. The Little people didn't know what to do. were in. Now and then Haw thought about Hem and Haw just stood there, immobilized like his mice friends. Sniff and Scurry, and two statues. wondered if they had found any cheese yet. He believed they might be having a hard Haw shut his eyes as tight as he could and put his time, as running through the Maze usually hands over his ears. He just wanted to block every- involved some uncertainty. But he also thing out. He didn't want to know the Cheese sup- knew that it was likely to only last for a ply had gradually been getting smaller. He bewhile. Sometimes, Haw would imagine lieved it had been moved all of a sudden. Sniff and Scurry finding New Cheese and Hem analyzed the situation over and over and enjoying it. He thought about how good it eventually his complicated brain with its huge would be for him to be out on an adventure belief system took hold. "Why did they do this to in the Maze, and to find fresh New Cheese. me?" he demanded. "What's really going on here?" He could almost taste it. Finally, Haw opened his eyes, looked around and The more clearly Haw saw the image of said, "By the way, where are Sniff and Scurry? Do himself finding and enjoying the New you think they know something we don't?" Hem Cheese, the more he saw himself leaving scoffed, "What would they know?" Cheese Station C. "Let's go!" he exclaimed, The Little people couldn't believe it. How could this have happened? No one had warned them. It wasn't right. It was not the way things were supposed to be.
Hem continued, "They're just mice. They just respond to what happens. We're Little people. We're smarter than mice. We should be able to figure this out." "I know we're smarter," Haw said, "but we don't seem to be acting smarter at the moment. Things are changing around here, Hem. Maybe we need to change and do things differently." "Why should we change?" Hem asked. "We're Little people. We're special. This sort of thing should not happen to us. Or if it does, we should at least get some benefits." "Why should we get benefits?" Haw asked. "Because we're entitled," Hem claimed. "Entitled to what?" Haw wanted to know. "We're entitled to our Cheese." "Why?" Haw asked. "Because, we didn't cause this problem," Hem said. "Somebody else did this and we should get something out of it." Haw suggested, "Maybe we should simply stop analyzing the situation so much and go find some New Cheese?"
The Little people had difficulty sleeping and were having nightmares about not finding any Cheese. But Hem and Haw still returned to Cheese Station C and waited there every day. Hem said, "You know if we just work harder we'll find that nothing has really changed that much. The Cheese is probably nearby. Maybe they just hid it behind the wall." The next day. Hem and Haw returned with tools. Hem held the chisel, while Haw banged on the hammer until they made a hole in the wall of Cheese Station C. They peered inside but found no Cheese. They were disappointed but believed they could solve the problem. So they started earlier, stayed longer, and worked harder. But after a while, all they had was a large hole in the wall. Haw was beginning to realize the difference between activity and productivity. "Maybe," Hem said, "we should just sit here and see what happens. Sooner or later they have to put the Cheese back." Haw wanted to believe that. So each day he went home to rest and returned reluctantly with Hem to Cheese Station C. But Cheese never reappeared. By now the Little people were growing weak from hunger and stress. Haw was getting tired of just waiting for their situation to improve. He began to see that the longer they stayed in their Cheese less situation, the worse off they would be. Haw knew they were losing their edge. Finally, one day Haw began laughing at himself.
"Haw, haw, look at us. We keep doing the same things over and over again and wonder why things don't get better. If this wasn't so ridiculous, it would be even funnier." Haw did not like the idea of having to run through the Maze again, because he knew he would get lost and have no idea where he would find any Cheese. But he had to laugh at his folly when he saw all of a sudden. "No" Hem quickly re- what his fear was doing to him. sponded. "I like it here. It's comfortable. It's what I know. Besides it's dangerous out He asked Hem, "Where did we put our running there." "No it isn't" Haw argued. "We've shoes?" It took a long time to find them because run through many parts of the Maze before, they had put everything away when they found and we can do it again." "I'm getting too old their Cheese at Cheese Station C, thinking they for that," Hem said. "And I'm afraid I'm not wouldn't be needing them anymore. As Hem interested in getting lost and making a fool saw his friend getting into his running gear, he said, "You're not really going out into the Maze of myself. Are you?"With that. again, are you? Why don't you just wait here Haw's fear of failing returned and his hope with me until they put the Cheese back?" of finding New Cheese faded. So every "Because, you just don't get it," Haw said. "I day, the Little people continued to do what didn't want to see it either, but now I realize they had done before. They went to Cheese they're never going to put yesterday's Cheese Station C, found no Cheese, and returned back. It's time to find New Cheese." home, carrying their worries and frustra- Hem argued, "But what if there is no Cheese tions with them. They tried to deny what out there? Or even if there is, what if you don't was happening, but found it harder to get to find it?" "I don't know," Haw said. He had sleep, had less energy the next day, and asked himself those same questions too many were becoming irritable. Their homes were times and felt the fears again that kept him not the nurturing places they once were. where he was.
ARTS AND SOCIAL
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Campus life 101
The History of Dating It's October 1896. A nervous young man arrives at the door of a majestic brownstone townhouse. He carries a small wood box containing a silver bracelet and ring, and a bouquet of resplendent burgundy tulips. He raps on the door, squares his shoulders and runs through the words of his speech. The door opens and he is ushered into a large, well-furnished room. Growing more nervous as the minutes pass, he sets his items on the table and tries to adjust his tie. Suddenly, two doors open. A lovely young woman wearing a long, elegant dress gracefully enters and stops a few feet from the young man, directing him to a chair. In the other doorway stands the young woman's mother and father. They cordially greet the young man then retreat through the door, leaving it slightly ajar. The young lady seats herself and the young man picks up the bouquet, clears his throat and . . . drops the box. As he reaches to pick up the box, he remembers that his tie is still askew and he tries to fix it, dropping the bouquet in the process. Tie adjusted, box and bouquet retrieved, he clears his throat again. The young lady smiles at his nervous display and finally he begins his monologue . .. Dating or courting? What is he doing? Reciting Shakespeare? Testing his slapstick comedy act for the local drama club? No, he's getting ready for the culmination of months of planning, supervised outings, amiable family dinners, walks in the park with the young lady, conversation in a parlor warmed by an autumn fire and, lastly, a brief, but serious chat with the young woman's father. In short, he's courting Courtship is the period in a couple's relationship which precedes their engagement and marriage, or establishment of an agreed relationship of a more enduring kind. While Dating is
a form of courtship consisting of social activities done by two persons with the aim of each assessing the other's suitability as a partner in an intimate relationship or as a spouse. While the term has several senses, it usually refers to the act of meeting and engaging in some mutually agreed upon social activity in public, together, as a couple. Within the confines of courting, appropriate one-onone dating played an important role; two people of marriageable age got to know one another better, their personalities, interests and so forth, before they made a more serious decision regarding marriage. Recently courting has been getting a second look by some who sees pitfalls in today's dating scene. Steady one-onone dating at too young an age with no goal of marriage in sight can lead to problems. A date, if approached with the wrong attitude, is reckless frivolity, while courting aims at marriage. A date with history The history of dating is based on oldfashioned courtship, which itself developed in a variety of ways from the traditional arranged marriages of much of human history. To court means to woo and to woo means to seek the love of another with marriage in mind. Imagine a 13-year-old girl and a 15-year-old boy sitting down to discuss their marriage plans. Laughable perhaps, but several hundred years ago that was a common reality. The dating process of today is different in structure and purpose than it was in the era when "courting" was the operative word. Courting wasn't something young people did merely for a good time; it was a serious family business proposition. Surprisingly, the main players in the marriage process often weren't just the bride and groom; they were the parents of the bride and groom. Courting was rooted in the era of arranged marriages, though the cou-
from page 4 ple and their feelings often played an important role. Still, families often met to discuss how this marriage would benefit not only the bride and groom, but the respective clans. The point is, a marriage is a joining of two families as well as two young people. Few choices and no time to date In our country there are about six types of marriage. The betrothal is a form of marriage mostly arranged by the parents of the bride and groom with a great deal of negotiation. Traditionally the groom's parents search for a bride for their son. Before they make any contact with the bride's parents, the groom's parents research back seven generations to make sure that the families are not related by blood. The other one is asking a girl for marriage which is done by breaching appointment arrangements or without prior arrangement. Secret selection type of marriage is for a bachelor boy if the he is not handsome or have low economic background. Sometimes, the girl‘s mother is involved in arranging marriage of her daughter, but she keeps the secret in order not to make it known to her husband (the girl‘s father). When a girl is left unmarried or when her father wants to give her to someone whom she does not like, she chooses unmarried young man and then runs a way to his house without the knowledge of the man mostly in the evening. Abduction, inheritance and other formal types of marriage are common in Ethiopia, I mean rural Ethiopia People may assume that arranged marriages were loveless matches, with frightened young people forced into lives of emotional pain and forbidding loneliness, but such was not always the case. In Northern European Jewish culture from the Middle Ages until even the 20th century, families arranged marriages where the love of the two young people was a prominent factor. But I have doubt in our country, (Ethiopian) culture. Continued to page 9)
However, not every couple was so lucky, and this may be able twisting of the developed. truth, and How the else would a young one reason courtship results of misdirected dating can be man and a young woman, meeting perhaps for the first devastating. time at the betrothal ceremony, get to know each other? The early betrothal could consist of a simple announcement, Our 21st century life is defined much like an engagement or something more comby luxury and the time party, to make plex likeoratopartial choices wastemarriage time by ceremony making with the exchange of rings, a ceremonial kissand andwomen a meal. bad choices. Young men have the opportunity to make large Often following the betrothal were a few weeks to a few amounts of money before marriage. years of courting or dating. In some cases, however, the Houses and especially kitchens are first meeting of the couple might be the very day of the full of labor-saving devices that wedding. The courting then took up the first month of translate extracourting, time on our marriage. into Through the couple became acquainthands. We have cars that hurry us to ances, then friends, gained mutual respect and hopefully our destinations at speeds Roman the love that would sustain them through married life. chariot drivers could only dream of. This common is quite different the freedoms experienced by The lifestyle from has changed young people today. We have greatly over the centuries andmore it af-options now; "love" is almost always the universal premise for marriage, particufects the dating/courting process. larly in Western cultures. There are, however, still many Clearly we enjoy much more freeparts of the world where arranged marriages are the rule. dom to pursue romance. However, In thethis 17thfreedom century during the eradanof French Canada settlewith have come ment,Athe luxury of free timesurging to spend on courting didn't gers. lack of self-control, exist. Male cameofby themselves and when they hormones andsettlers the effects a society needed wives, moral the French sent over women by the with declining valuescrown threaten shipload. When the ship arrived at the port, men would to ruin the positive future of true meet Wrong their brides andby become if not married on love. choices many engaged, today the spot. have, all too often, led to devastating emotional scars. Children born out of The colonial government penalized those who did not wedlock without the loving surmarry with prohibitions on hunting, fishing and trading– rounding of a happy family are but the very livelihoods of these settlers. There was no time one example of what a lack of selffor frivolity–practicality was of the essence. Similar circontrol and a lack of understanding cumstances occurred in the United States as the West was of God's Word and way of life can being settled and many adventuresome young women bring the couple and begin planning made the journey as "mail-order brides." for the ceremony that will launch them into life. business A new eramarried and a new During the Victorian era, revolution provided the upper and middle classes with such luxuries as spare time for leisure activities like courting. More men and women devoted more time and money to dating, and wily businesspeople learned to cash in on this trend. In the Victorian era a plethora of books were offered to the public covering every element of courtship. A young man could even buy a book full of "sweet phrases" to whisper to his girl, if he wasn't poetically inclined. In our era the business of dating has accelerated into a lucrative enterprise that can prey on young people. There are thousands of books on the dating process, but are they all full of beneficial advice? With excess spare time and increased knowledge comes the unfortunate but predict-
This is where much is expected. God made something that is so beautiful that we often compare it to a jewel—a loving marriage relationship that results in the growth of two people together to support future generations of their family and God's family. Honestly, how many people want to wear a jewel that has been dipped in acid, eating away at the beauty and resulting in an ugly, tortured mess? Clearly there are some important choices to be made. So what choices have our friends in 1896 made?. . . After hobbling to one knee and taking a deep breath, the young man presents his proposal of marriage to the seated lady. Taking both bracelet and ring, and with eyes streaming happy tears, she accepts. The door bursts open and in rush her parents ready to congratulate Retrieved with little modification from www.ucg.org/ youth/history-dating By Amanda Stiver
PAGE 6 MISCELLANEOUS
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... A woman accompanies her husband to the doctor’s office. After his checkup, the doctor called his wife into his office alone. He said,” your husband is suffering from very sever disease, combined with horrible stress. If you don’t do the following, your husband will surely die. “Each morning fix him a healthy breakfast. Try to be pleasant in general, and make sure he stays in a good mood. For lunch make him a nutritious meal. For dinner prepare something nice and healthy again. Don’t burden him with chores, as he probably had a hard day. Don’t discuss your problems with him; it will only make his stress worse. And most importantly, make love with your husband several times
a week and satisfy his every whim. “If you can do this for the next 1 to 2 months, I think your husband will regain his health completely. On the way home, the husband asked his wife,: what did the doctor say?” “You’re going to die”, she replied. Source :Serguide Feb-Mar Vol 1 IssueI
Scientists at Northwestern University in Illinois, along with a team of international
researchers, have developed an electronic skin tattoo, called an epidermal electronic system (EES), that temporarily sticks to skin and could potentially be used to monitor health conditions, to interact with computer games or for covert operations. The device could replace electrodes for monitoring brain, heart and muscles. It picks up sub-vocal communication for use in the world of espionage and gaming. It requires minimal power and can fuel itself from built-in solar collectors or electromagnetic radiation in the air. Thinner than a human hair, it can stick to skin without adhesive (“Electronic Skin Tattoo Has Medical, Gaming, Spy Uses,” Breitbart.com, Aug. 11, 2011).
BY : Igor Duibanov - a graphic designer and art director
Being and Becoming a role Model
SCIENCE AND PHILOSOPHY
Who moved my cheese? We are very much happy to present you an amazing way to deal with in change in your work and in your life. The parable seems simple but gives us an opportunity to see ourselves in such a way that we are looking and acting in this complex world because in all of our life we think how to change our work or our life and look for different opportunities and act accordingly but we didn’t see the change we deserve. Nonetheless, we might have fear not to start new idea, new work in our life because we denies and resists changes as it might leads to worse. But this simple story tells us we have to learn to adapt in time when changing can lead us something better in our future life.
Dr. Pat Love writes about these neurobiological effects: ―We don‘t need a slew of studies to convince us that sexual energy runs high in the infatuated state, but neurologists report that the sexual euphoria accompanying infatuation is a direct result of the love cocktail. ―PEA (phenylethylamine, a naturally occurring, amphetamine-like neuro-transmitter) stimulates the libido, raising interest in sex. Dopamine makes us more sexually receptive by increasing our enjoyment of sex and making us want it again.
Whatever decision of us we choose we hope all of dare to dream changes. We are what we act! Here is the story.
closely enough, you could discover the most amazing things! Every day the mice and the Little people spent time in the Maze looking for their own special cheese.
Who moved my cheese?
The mice. Sniff and Scurry, possessing simple brains and good instincts, searched for the hard nibbling cheese they liked, as mice often do. The two Little people, Hem and Haw, used their complex brains, filled with many beliefs and emotions, to search for a very different kind of Cheese— with a capital C—which they believed would make them feel happy and successful.
Once up on a time a long ago in a land far away, there lived four little characters who ran through a Maze looking for cheese to nourish them and make them happy. Two were mice, named "Sniff" and "Scurry" and two were Little people— beings who were as small as mice but who looked and acted a lot like people today. Their names were "Hem" and "Haw." Due to their small size, it would be easy not to notice what the four of them were doing. But if you looked
What’s going on under the Skin?
Is it real love, or are you just feeling powerful brain chemicals stoked by the touch of that special someone? Neurologists have studied the biological and chemical changes that can be brought about by sexual desire, infatuation or love—all of which can be intensified by touch. Touching, hugging and kissing help fire up ―nature‘s‖ love cocktail—a powerful chemical concoction that drastically and dramatically changes our brain chemistry. This puts a person under the influence and works marvelously when handled correctly—depressingly if not.
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Norepinephrine, which is largely responsible for that ‗swept away‘ feeling of infatuation, acts like a shot of sexual speed as it hurls us into action. ―The onetwo-three punch from the love potion explains why many times lovers go along for a while claiming, ‗We‘re just friends‘ and then wham!—They fall into the sexual abyss. The delightful influence of infatuation makes us dangerously inclined to make decisions we may later regret. It is important to realize that infatuation is merely the earliest stage of love. Do not mistake this temporary power surge for a permanent condition, or confuse it with true love‖ (The Truth About Love, 2001, pp. 30-31, emphasis added). Touching, hugging and kissing can have powerful effects. If young people understand how the body works under these potent conditions, it can help them set boundaries to avoid triggering premarital temptations and thereby respecting their future mates.—Jerold Aust
As different as the mice and Little people were, they shared something in common: every morning, they each put on their jogging suits and running shoes, left their little homes, and raced out into the Maze looking for their favorite cheese. The Maze was a labyrinth of corridors and chambers, some containing delicious cheese But there were also dark corners and blind alleys leading nowhere. It was an easy place for anyone to get lost. However, for those who found their way, the Maze held secrets that let them enjoy a better life. The mice, Sniff and Scurry, used the simple trial-and-error method of finding cheese. They ran down one corridor, and if it proved empty, they turned and ran down another. They remembered the corridors that held no cheese and quickly went into new areas. Sniff would smell out the general direction of the cheese, using his great nose, and Scurry would race ahead. They got lost, as you might expect, went off in the wrong direction and often bumped into walls. But after a while, they found their way. Like the mice, the two Little people, Hem and Haw, also used their ability to think and learn from their past experiences. However, they relied on their complex brains to develop more sophisticated methods of finding Cheese. Sometimes they did well, but at other times their powerful human beliefs and emotions took over and clouded the way they looked at things. It made life in the Maze more complicated and challenging. Nonetheless, Sniff, Scurry, Hem and Haw all discovered, in their own way, what they were looking for. They each found their own kind of cheese one day at the end of one of the corridors in cheese Station C. Every morning after that, the mice and the Little people dressed in their running gear and headed over to Cheese Station C. (turn to page 10)
Walking along the street to Main gate I found three young girls speaking softly about one of their most influential mentors of this age. Eve though, I hardly hear their mumble, I guess there is somebody they are really in to their business which let them to discuss so curiously. I am also inspired with their deals and walk two steps behind their foot attempting to listen what they are mumbling about. Do you know why? Because the issue is so sensitive and attractive to my big ears, it is all about sexuality. I guess there was something new. Definitely I heard muttered sound from the one side ―Tata Yelewum isu”. Yibochikal:genzeb yibochikal, Grade yibochikal…… ‘intin’ yibochikal”… then they all burst in to laugh. One of the group added ―really isu Arif sewu new‖. My mind get contemplated who is he? Who is going to be named ―cool” or Arif” by giving his money, grade and so on? I found myself on bed thinking that do this guy becoming a role model for this young girls? What do they value from him to say ―tata yelewum‖ and wrote asking myself ―am I a role model for my students, my families or my organizations? How to being or becoming a role model? Where these all attributes did come from? Was it social constructions? Thanks to Dr Roberton K.Merton in his theory of research on which he first eminently grounded his hypothesis regarding socialization that he said ―individuals compare themselves with reference groups of people who occupy the social role to which the individual aspires‖. But people are different in their own ways. So, one can be aspired to be a role model with or without any intentional subscriptions. For instance, we would be surprised if we found out how many people look up to us. Think about how many people in our own life that has inspired us to get to where we are today. By being a good role model, we can help others to achieve success in their own lives. To advocate for ourselves and our goals and take leadership on the issues that we believe in, we often don't recognize our true role models until we have noticed our own personal growth and progress.
The question that matters me for our young people attending their interest in this university perhaps goes in line with the following. Who is their role model? Do they have a role model? How do they choose their role model and why? Our role model doesn't have to be a real person, or someone who is alive. Maybe we can consider Haddis Alemayehu or Lemma Guya to be our role model, or a character from a book. That's okay, but bear in mind that instead of being able to directly ask our role model for help, then we'll have to think, ―How do we define a role model?‖ "What would he/she do in our position?‖Keep in mind that having a role model does not mean you become exactly like that person; remember to retain our individuality. Emulate them, but put our own individuality into the things they do. Be our own role model. This means to do the things that we would admire someone else for doing. Researches from England depicts young people frequently chose role models from celebrity culture such as David and Victoria Beckham or Paris Hilton and emulate their appearance and manner. These pose the question of why young people chose celebrity as a role model. True role models are those who possess the qualities that we would like to have and those who have affected us in a way that makes us want to be better people. Still the question comes to our mind why celebrity. What are the youngsters‘ beliefs and or expectations from their life‘s? Is there any, something can be valued from these celebrities to? According to expectancyvalue theory, behavior is a function of the expectancies one has and the value of the goal toward which one is working. Such an approach predicts that, when more than one behavior is possible, the behavior chosen will be the one with the largest combination of expected success and value. Expectancy-value theories hold that people are goal-oriented beings. The behaviors they perform in response to their beliefs and values are undertaken to achieve some end. Expectancy value theory suggests that ―people orient themselves to the world according to their expectations (beliefs) and evaluations‖.
Youth corner Utilizing this approach, behavior, behavioral intentions, or attitudes are seen as a function of ―(1) expectancy (or belief) – the perceived probability that an object possesses a particular attribute or that a behavior will have a particular consequence; and (2) evaluation – the degree of affect, positive or negative, toward an attribute or behavioral outcome‖. If this is the case, still my mind gets stretched to ask ―what does value mean for us? Do we have value in common? What are they? How do we evaluate our values and sought gratification to consume positive and or negative behaviors of our role model? However, there are many attribute we might associate to choose our role model like a role model who may have done something we find admirable, such as raised a lot of money for charity, saved lots of lives, helped people in need or discovered the cure for a disease But from the mouth of many scholars choosing a role model requires a critical thinking and most of them recommend the following steps 1.Choose someone who has a lot of confidence in themselves and their abilities. A good role model would be someone who knows who they are. You don't want someone who is down and who will bring you down. You want someone who won't pretend to be someone they are not, and won't be fake just to suit other people 2. Consider someone who thinks it is alright to be unique; even if that means accepting some ridicule. They should make you feel good about being yourself, they shouldn't make you compare yourself to them and wish you were pretty. 3. Think about someone who interacts well with others, and someone who is kind and can communicate well with people. Like a teacher. 4. Find someone who doesn't always take credit for what they do 5. Look for someone who is living life the way you would like to. If you want to be a famous author, your role model could be someone who has been successful at writing. If you have always wanted to be a nurse, your role model could be someone at your local hospital who is dedicated to their job and someone who you look up to for their achievements.
VOLUME 1 ISSUE 6
Learn HIV/AIDS 101
Who moved my cheese ? It wasn't long before they each established their own routine. Sniff and Scurry continued to wake early every day and race through the Maze, always following the same route. When they arrived at their destination, the mice took off their running shoes, tied them together and hung them around their necks—so they could get to them quickly whenever they needed them again. Then they enjoyed the cheese. In the beginning Hem and Haw also raced toward Cheese Station C every morning to enjoy the tasty new morsels that awaited them. But after a while, a different routine set in for the Little people. Hem and Haw awoke each day a little later, dressed a little slower, and walked to Cheese Station C. After all, they knew where the Cheese was now and how to get there.
Sometimes they shared it with their friends and sometimes they didn't. "We deserve this Cheese,"' Hem said. "We certainly had to work long and hard enough to find it." He picked up a nice fresh piece and ate it. Afterward, Hem fell asleep, as he often did. Every night the Little people would waddle home, full of Cheese, and every morning they would confidently return for more. This went on for quite some time. After a while Hem's and Haw's confidence grew into the arrogance of success. Soon they became so comfortable they didn't even notice what was happening. As time went on. Sniff and Scurry continued their routine. They arrived early each morning and sniffed and scratched and scurried around Cheese Station C, inspecting the area to see if there had been any changes from the day before. Then they would sit down to nibble on the cheese. One morning they arrived at Cheese Station C and discovered there was no cheese. They weren't surprised. Since Sniff and Scurry had noticed the supply of cheese had been getting smaller every day, they were prepared for the inevitable and knew instinctively what to do. They looked at each other, removed the running shoes they had tied together and hung conveniently around their necks, put them on their feet and laced them up.
They had no idea where the Cheese came from, or who put it there. They just assumed it would be there. As soon as Hem and Haw arrived at Cheese Station C each morning, they settled in and made themselves at home. They hung up their jogging suits, put away their running shoes and put on their slippers. They were becoming very comfortable now that they had found the Cheese. "This is great" Hem said. "There's enough Cheese here to last us forever." The Little people felt happy and successful, and thought they were now secure. It wasn't long before Hem and Haw regarded the Cheese they found at Cheese Station C as their cheese. It was such a large store of Cheese that they eventually moved their homes to be closer to it, and built a social life around it.
The mice did not over analyze things. To the mice, the problem and the answer were both simple. The situation at Cheese Station C had changed. So, Sniff and Scurry decided to change. They both looked out into the Maze. Then Sniff lifted his nose, sniffed, and nodded to Scurry, who took off running through the Maze, while Sniff followed as fast as he could. They were quickly off in search of New Cheese. Later that same day, Hem and Haw arrived at Cheese Station C. They had not been paying attention to the small changes that had been taking place each day, so they took it for granted their Cheese would be there. They were unprepared for what they found. "What! No Cheese?" Hem yelled. He continued yelling, "No Cheese? No Cheese?" as though if he shouted loud enough someone would put it back. "Who moved my Cheese?" he hollered. Finally, he put his hands on his hips, his face turned red, and he screamed at the top of his voice, "It's not fair!" Haw just shook his head in disbelief. He, too, had counted on finding Cheese at Cheese Station C. He stood there for a long time, frozen with shock. He was just not ready for this. Hem was yelling something, but Haw didn't want to hear it. He didn't want to deal with what was facing him, so he just tuned everything
“ You do not get paid for the hour. You get paid for the values you bring to the hour” To make themselves feel more at home, Hem and Haw decorated the walls with sayings and even drew pictures of Cheese around them which made them smile. One read:
Sometimes Hem and Haw would take their friends by to see their pile of Cheese at Cheese Station C, and point to it with pride, saying, "Pretty nice Cheese, hub?"
out. The Little people's behavior was not very attractive or productive, but it was understandable. Finding Cheese wasn't easy, and it meant a great deal more to the Little people than just having enough of it to eat every day. Finding Cheese was the Little people's way of getting what they thought they needed to be happy. They had their own ideas of what Cheese meant to them, depending on their taste. For some, finding Cheese was having material things. For others it was enjoying good health or developing a spiritual sense of well-being. For Haw, Cheese just meant feeling safe, having a loving family someday and living in a cozy cottage on Cheddar Lane. To Hem, Cheese was becoming a Big Cheese in charge of others and owning a big house atop Camembert Hill. Because Cheese was important to them, the two Little people spent a long time trying to decide what to do. All they could think of was to keep looking around Cheeseless Station C to see if the Cheese was really gone. While Sniff and Scurry had quickly moved on, Hem and Haw continued to hem and haw. They ranted and raved at the injustice of it all. Haw started to get depressed. What would happen if the Cheese wasn't there tomorrow? He had made future plans based on this Cheese.
Life is a product of values we made on each day activity. I believe that our today’s life is the equation of our choices and decisions we made after incubated in our values. Because, values are the things we dear for and have a bigger percent in our heart our decisions and choices highly depend on them. This topic reminded me a character on a comedy movie “Fantastic Four” directed by Jack Kirby. The character was Silver Sulfer who is a beauty sparkle for the movie. This Marvel Comics superhero character is first appeared in Fantastic Four #48 (March 1966).
When flying, the Silver Surfer uses his surfboard. This "board" is made with the same silvery material that composes the Surfer's body, thus making the board almost indestructible. Few forces aside from the power cosmic itself can affect it, and if it is somehow damaged, the Surfer can easily repair it in an instant. The board is linked with the Surfer's mind in some unknown fashion, and it follows his commands instantly. The Surfer generally limits his speed to Mach 10 (ten times the speed of sound) within the outer layers of a planet's atmosphere, can attain 99.99% the speed of light in regular space, and can travel literally thousands of times lights peed in hyperspace. The Silver Surfer is also able to trap living matter into his Surf board for extended periods of time, or even destroy living matter within the board itself.
In the movie, originally, Norrin Radd, a young astronomer of the planet Zenn-La, made a bargain with the cosmic entity Galactus, pledging to serve as his herald in order to save his home world from destruction. Imbued in return with a tiny portion of Galactus' Power Cosmic, Radd acquired great powers and a new version of his original appearance. Galactus also created for Radd a surfboard-like craft — modeled after a childhood fantasy of his — on which he would travel at speeds beyond that of light.
When I was watching the movie my eyes stare and my ears steak on one part of the movie
Known from then on as the Silver Surfer, because of silvery flying board he rode. Radd began to roam the cosmos searching for new planets for Galactus to consume. When his travels finally took him to Earth, the Surfer came face-to-face with the Fantastic Four, a team of powerful superheroes that helped him to rediscover his nobility of spirit.
Actually, consequences come in our life not because of independent values we have. That is why values we have for our education, family, future life, for our loved one sum up to form our life value. Because life is not a separate entity from the above everyday phenomena. Valuing your life is valuing your family, country and loved ones.
“ His power generated from the surfboard-like craft he stand on ” This Voice catch my attention and give me a clue to relate our values we stand on which are our power generators to pass through life challenges and doubtful questions we face. What do we value more in our life? Or beyond everything comes first , do we really value our life?
Through all this divertive dimension of value, valuing time is the main component. It is true that life do not paid us what we do not sow in our past life. As Jim Rohn saying goes “ You do not paid for the hour. You get paid for the values you bring to the hour” yes we might have many funny moments, punctual classes, trainings or meeting sessions but if we do not invest valuable steps in the hours it does not make any sense, no benefit either for the employer, or on our future life which we will face tomorrow. Time is more valuable than money, the fun we are searching around today. Because we can always get more money, fun as long as we bring value on the time we have today but we can’t get more time as today. So valuing your time is valuing your life.
Remember this tips to value your time To realize the value of one year, ask a student who has failed his final exam To realize the value of one month, ask a mother who just gave birth to a premature baby. To realize the value of one week, ask the editor of a weekly newspaper. To realize the value of one day, ask the daily laborer who has ten kids to feed. To realize value of one hour, ask a boyfriend and girlfriend who are waiting to meet. To realize value of one minute, ask a person who just missed his flight. To realize value of one second , ask a person who survived a car accident. To realize value of one millisecond, ask a person who has won a gold medal.
Peer education… The aim of peer education is to enable our students for informed decisions regarding SRH and to help them build their behavioral skills to protect them from HIV infections. In fact, the program should start with ethnographic studies but we are limited to such kind of data. According to the office report ,currently 40 students had received the previous session based on behavioral model and now about 300 students are registered by chain referral sampling .We also entered their basic data to estimate the number of waves to reach our message, and estimate the social network size with binary wave system.
We are able to draw the size of the network and qualitatively got some view points on the premises of networking in our university. In the near future we and any interested bodies can do ecocentric social network analysis so that our interventions should be segregated by the value and attributes of social networking.
Who moved my cheese ... He asked himself, "Where am I more likely to find Cheese— here or in the Maze?" He painted a picture in his mind. He saw himself venturing out into the Maze with a smile on his face. While this picture surprised him, it made him feel good. He saw himself getting lost now and then in the Maze, but felt confident he would eventually find New Cheese out there and all the good things that came with it. He gathered his courage. Then he used his imagination to paint the most believable picture he could— with the most realistic details—of him finding and enjoying the taste of New Cheese. He saw himself eating Swiss cheese with holes in it, bright orange Cheddar and American cheeses, Italian Mozzarella and wonderfully soft French Camembert Cheese, and.. Then he heard Hem say something and realized they were still at Cheese Station C. Haw said, "Sometimes, Hem, things change and they are never the same again. This looks like one of those times. That's life! Life moves on. And so should we." Haw looked at his emaciated companion and tried to talk sense to him, but Hem's fear had turned into anger and he wouldn't listen. Haw didn't mean to be rude to his friend, but he had to laugh at how silly they both looked. As Haw prepared to leave, he started to feel more alive, knowing that he was finally able to laugh at himself, let go and move on. Haw laughed and announced, "It's ... Maze ... time!" Hem didn't laugh and he didn't respond. Haw picked up a small, sharp rock and wrote a serious thought on the wall for Hem to think about. As was his custom. Haw even drew a picture of cheese around it, hoping it would help Hem to smile, lighten up, and go after the New Cheese. But Hem didn't want to see it. It read: Then, Haw stuck his head out and peered anxiously into the Maze. He thought about how he'd gotten himself into this cheeseless situation. He had believed that there may not be any Cheese in the Maze, or he may not find it. Such fearful beliefs were immobilizing and killing him. Haw smiled. He knew Hem was wondering, "Who moved my cheese?" but Haw was wondering, "Why didn't I get up and move with the Cheese, sooner?" As he started out into the Maze, Haw looked back to where he had come from and felt its comfort. He could feel himself being drawn back into familiar territory—even though he hadn't found Cheese here for some time. Haw became more anxious and wondered if he really wanted to go out into the Maze. He wrote a saying on the wall ahead of him and stared at it for some time:
He thought about it then, he took a deep breath, turned right into the Maze, and jogged slowly, into the unknown. As he tried to find his way. Haw worried, at first, that he might have waited too long in Cheese Station C. He hadn't had any Cheese for so long that he was now weak. It took him longer and it was more painful than usual to get through the Maze. He decided that if he ever got the chance again, he would get out of his comfort zone and adapt to change sooner. It would make things easier. Then, Haw smiled a weak smile as he thought, "Better late than never." During the next several days, Haw found a little Cheese here and there, but nothing that lasted very long. He had hoped to find enough Cheese to take some back to Hem and encourage him to come out into the Maze.
The Beacon mean the guiding light!
VOLUME 1 ISSUE 6
Things seemed to have changed since the last time he was out here. Just when he thought he was getting ahead, he would get lost in the corridors. It seemed his progress was two steps forward and one step backward. It was a challenge, but he had to admit that being back in the Maze, hunting for Cheese, wasn't nearly as bad as he feared it might be. As time went on he began to wonder if it was realistic for him to expect to find New Cheese. He wondered if he had bitten off more than he could chew. Then he laughed, realizing that he had nothing to chew on at that moment. Whenever he started to get discouraged, he reminded himself that what he was doing, as uncomfortable as it was at the moment, was in reality much better than staying in the Cheese less situation. He was taking control, rather than simply letting things happen to him. Then he reminded himself, if Sniff and Scurry could move on, so could he! Later, as Haw looked back on things, he realized that the Cheese at Cheese Station C had not just disappeared overnight, as he had once believed. The amount of Cheese that had been there toward the end had been getting smaller, and what was left had grown old. It didn't taste as good. Mold may even have begun to grow on the Old Cheese, although he hadn't noticed it. He had to admit however, that if he had wanted to, he probably could have seen what was coming. But he didn't. Haw now realized that the change probably would not have taken him by surprise if he had been watching what was happening all along and if he had anticipated change. Maybe that's what Sniff and Scurry had been doing. He decided he would stay more alert from now on. He would expect change to happen and look for it. He would trust his basic instincts to sense when change was going to occur and be ready to adapt to it.
He stopped for a rest and wrote on the wall of the Maze:
to be continued ...
PUBLISHED BY JIMMA UNIVERSITY HIV/AIDS PREVENTION AND CARE COORDINATING
Getting to zero!
But Haw didn't feel confident enough yet. He had to admit he found it confusing in the Maze.
He knew sometimes some fear can be good. When you are afraid things are going to get worse if you don't do something, it can prompt you into action. But it is not good when you are so afraid that it keeps you from doing anything.
T he Beacon
World AIDS Day 2011 Peer Education @ Jimma HIV/AIDS: "Unprecedented progress", despite poor funding University Peer education, one of the best strategies to address youth HIV intervention, was started in a well organized way at Jimma University, reported from JUHAPCO. Study revealed that peer is one of the major sources of information's for youths about SRH and HIV/AIDS next to mass media so that ―we have to do‖ said peer education facilitator. First short discussion was made with the facilitators of the program to prepare implementation guideline, selection of volunteer peer educators was made by JU students Union, then (cont‘d on page 11)
NAIROBI, 21 November 2011 (Plus News) - New HIV infections and AIDS-related deaths have continued to fall, and the number of people on treatment has risen to nearly 50 percent of those eligible, despite an overall fall in global funding, states a UNAIDS report. The 2011 UNAIDS World AIDS Day report shows that 2.7 million people were newly infected with HIV in 2010 - a reduction of 21 percent since 1997 - while some 6.6 million people now have access to life-prolonging antiretroviral drugs, an increase of 1.35 million since 2009. "Even in a very difficult financial crisis, countries are delivering results in the AIDS response," said Michel Sidibé, executive director of UNAIDS, in a statement. "We have seen a massive scale-up in access to HIV treatment which has had a dramatic effect on the lives of people everywhere.
"Fewer infections, fewer deaths. Declines in new HIV infections are largely attributed to increases in the numbers of people on treatment; studies show that treatment reduces the risk of transmitting the virus to an uninfected partner. According to the report, the number of new HIV infections in Botswana - which scaled up access to treatment from less than 5 percent in 2000 to over 80 percent today - is between 30 and 50 percent lower now than it would have been without ARVs. About 2.5 million deaths are estimated to have been averted in low- and middle-income countries due to increased access to HIV treatment since 1995. Fewer HIV infections are also the result of changes in
HIV DISCUSSION via SOCIAL MEDIA
Inside this issue: News
The red ribbon
Learn HIV 101
The history of dating
Being and becoming role model
Who moved my cheese?
JU, Nov 10,2011(news): JUHAPCO is planning to search for social media and blogging services like face book and twitter to track on events and phenomenon such as Gender based violence, risky sexual behaviors and so on happening in Jimma university, said JUHPCO resource person . In addition the office is working with ICT specialist to open discussion forum for all university members to provide basic up to date information‘s on Sexual reproductive health, STI/HIV and
AIDS etc. This forum will also help to share snapshot of their life experiences happened in a real life throughout their life. Social media is dominating and attracting our youth therefore we have to shift our level of intervention to address youths through these, said coordinator of the project. He also further add any person can add our face book address and write her or his ideas on the wall and so that we use it as an input for our interventions.
sexual behavior, including fewer sexual partners and increased condom use. The rate of new HIV infections in urban Zimbabwe fell from almost 6 percent in 1991 to less than 1 percent in 2010; studies estimate that without behavior change, there could have been an additional 35,000 new infections annually. "The advances we are seeing are also as a result of more women accessing prevention of mother-to-child trans-
HIV Counseling and Testing results was encouraging JU, Nov 24,2011(news): HIV counseling and testing was conducted between Nov 18-21 at Jimma University. A total of 1533 students and staffs had received their test results where majority of them were from sophomore students, reported from organizing members. Out of this 1182 (84.7%) of them were male. The trend looks encouraging as compared to the previous year, said JUHAPCO but still our female students were not seeking the test, despite all efforts . HIV counseling and testing was one of the entry points for HIV interventions. It helps to promote positive behaviors for both HIV positive and HIV negative individuals. It also further helps to link those HIV positive individuals for ART services and also promote safe behaviors for both.