Page 1

Xinman Liu

| Portfolio

|Seletive Works From 2014-2017|


1.

CHAOS CREATES CHANCES

2.Nexus Park

Master Plan + West Entrance Design

3.

4.

VELELLA VELELLA

Wenzhou Oujiang Estuary New Urban District Urban Design

5.

Philadelphia’s Next Park-Wave

6.

Human As Part of the Landscape


CHAOS CREATES CHANCES Using Chaos Theory as Lens For Better Understanding of Urban Space + Enhance Community Engagement via temporary installation

Kingston Village, Cedar Rapids,IA Fall 2016 Urban Design Studio Instructor: Keith Billick Individual Project Cedar Rapids, Iowa was one of the hardest hit areas during the floods of 2008. Kingston Village occupies the west bank of the Cedar River in downtown Cedar Rapids. The neighbourhood was affected by the massive flood, which caused significant damage to public and private property. After the flood, the population in Kingston Village dropped rapidly; vacant lots, unused and forgotten spaces concentrated in this community. According to the census data, population under 20 years old makes up almost one-third (28.2%) of the Kingston Village population. There is a lack of public spaces for this age group.Low-income family structure with lower education levels, very limited access to public education and decent infrastructures set up barrier for the growth of adolescents and the community future. Compared to the bustling downtown on the other side of the river, Kingston Village seems like it hit the “pause� button. The depression of the historical blocks is to a large extent due to the estrangement with the continuous development of its surrounding regions. Noise from factories,constructions and highways becomes harsher and louder within the underused urban spaces. When facing such complex issues and the buried history, it was hard to make predictions and envision something precise when everything seems uncertain. Where we should draw the first line on an empty paper was hard to decide. Landscape architecture is a discipline that precipitates change and adaptation, Instead of creating direct connections within the physical space, Landscape Architect use temporary spaces as convergence points and test fields to give actual users a chance to engaged and shape their living environment, and create connections gradually. Provide platforms that easy for other relevant party collect data, widen public engagement, and promote inspiring action to the public in order to gain comprehensive insight and information about Kingston Village before solid design is implemented.


Ced ar

What caused the flood? According to Elwynn Taylor, State Meteorologist from Iowa State University, the wet spring of 2008 was traceable to relatively unusual warm and wet air over the winter. Eighty percent of moisture that falls in the Midwest is from the Gulf of Mexico, and the primary cause of it coming here is the Bermuda high pressure. Low pressure over New Mexico or high pressure over Bermuda are rare in winter but common in summer. Predictions in Meteorology are based on Chaos theory , which is a mathematical method for predicting the unpredictable things and capturing the infinite complexity of nature.

SITE ANALYSIS

5

10

15

20

Walkable Distance (mins)

Riv er

Basic Amenities Near Kingston Village

Private Property City Own Property

After Flood Land Owner

Existing On-Street Proposed On-Street Existing Off-Street Proposed Off-Street

Bike Trails Plan

Bus Routes

Site Boundary 100-Year Floodplain 500-Year Floodplain

Chaos fundamentally indicates that there are limits to knowledge and prediction. Some futures may be unknowable with any precision. Deterministic systems can produce wildly fluctuating and nonrepeating behavior. Interventions into a system may have unpredictable outcomes even if they initially change things only slightly, as these effects compound over time.


CENSUS DATA 54.2% Family Owner

45.8%

Non-Family

2010 25%

Renter

Vacancy rate of houses

8%

50.5%

DATA FROM TRACK 22 (2010)

2000

49.5%

‘city planning was a problem of organized complexity, and that it should be done by starting with the particulars and observing their behavior, instead of trying to control for a single variable useful in mathematical formulas.’

51%

— Jane Jacobs

Main top 3 job kinds for all employees

65%Not/35%

2 or more wokers

in Labor Force

/Household

2000

8.1%

bachelor's degree +

83.2%

High School+

$15,265

16.8%

$

High School --

?

$14,208 2010

Education attainment

*Per Capita Income 2000-2010

t

1s

SW

e

Av

Downtown e

Av

nd

2

rd

e

Av

SW

r

38

da

US

Ce

3

SW

r

7 -2

ve

IA

Ri

0

0 Site Boundary

8.1%Bachelor's Degree +

Nature is highly complex, and the only prediction you can make is that she is unpredictable. The amazing unpredictability of nature is what Chaos Theory looks at. Chaos is not something which is necessarily negative. It is the inability of human perceptions to understand the layers of a city generated by the self-organizing nature of cities.


STRATEGIES

Create Connection

Temporary Public Spaces As Attractors

Creates a series of vibrant, inclusive, flexible temporary public spaces that ease of transformation and active vacant or underused spaces within the community. Encouraging social interaction and bring in new opportunities for future development.Small changes and improvements can also make a huge impact on the people, society, and environment in the long term.

Main Access from Kingstone Village 1st Avenue & 3rd Avenue

24/7 Programs for everyone DAY

Weekday

(People + Activities+Pubilc Spaces)

x

DAY

Tactical Urbanism

=

Night

Living Labs for understanding dynamic urban space

Weekday

Weekday

?

For Residents

For People from outside of the community

24/7

DAY

Weekend/ Holiday

Night

implement series of vibrant, inclusive, flexible temporary public spaces 101010100010010 10101010100001 1010101001010101 10100101010101 101010101101 101010100010010 10101010100001 1010101001010101 10100101010101

Attract People with different interests from different Part of the city

Weekend/ Holiday

Night

Veterans Memorial Building/ City Hall

MASTER PLAN User-Based Research

Areas that have easy public access + walkable distance for residents

Weekend/ Holiday

101010100010010 10101010100001 1010101001010101 10100101010101 101010101101 101010100010010 10101010100001 1010101001010101 10100101010101 101010101101

Incooperate diverse events and Activities according to people's needs

Potential spaces can create connection within Kingsdon Village + City

Linn County District Court

0.99,0.56,0,77 0.29,0.4,0,57

0.99,0.56,0,77 0.29,0.4,0,57

Chaos Happened Starting record data and getting feedbacks from people.

A sound Design Discovered

Food Vendor/ market

Existing Amphitheater

Transfer the vacant space into the food vendor space.

Underpass Park

Transfer underpass parking lots into a vibran public space for residents.

Light Show

Using the historic archiecture facade as "canvas"

N


UNDERPASS PARK -PLAYGROUND

Involved local artists Mobile library

Art installation between highways

Recycled painted asphalt

Turf

Transfer vacant underpass parking space in between 1st and 3rd Avenue into a vibran public space mainly design for residences inside of the Kingston Village area to enjoy. Recycled material and temporary playground equitments are placed under the interstate highway.Design included area for kids in different age to play and study,spend family time together.

In between the interstate hightway, a colorful, soft and interactive space for kids in the Kingston Village read books and share ideas.

5-1

0M

ins

Team up with local library, schedule weekly/daily mobile library come under the highway, helping kids from lower income and education family a better chance to access to knowledge and interact with their peer after school.

5-10

UNDERPASS PARK -MOBILE LIBRARY

Mins

5-10

5-1

0

s in

M

Mins


CULTURAL FOOD VENDOR+ MARKET

CITY CULTURAL+HISTORIC LIGHT SHOW 3D Mapping Projection +

+ +

+

+ +

Original 2D Projection 3-10Mins

Mapping facade

Adjust+Test

Downtown

ins

5M

5-1

Incorporating music and visual art, transfer historic archiecture facade as "canvas" in order to recall the story behind the historical buildings and island. Attract people form different area during holidays or big event to come and explore the community.

Veterans Memorial Building/ City Hall

Linn County District Court

Food Trucks Market/Food Vendors Recycled painted asphalt

moveable furnitures

Transfer the vacant space near downtown Cedar Rapids into a Vibrant public space have storng connection with local grow fresh food and experience different food cultures through food.At the same time, attracting people who works at the downtown area to explore the community. Meet the new local regulation of food vendor. A great alternate space for downtown food truck vendors.


Nexus Park Master Plan + West Entrance Design

Research Park, Ames,IA Iowa State University

Residential Development

Workiva

Site ISU Research Park Ames Airport

Spring 2016 Stdio Project 3rd Year Ecological Design Studio Project Master Planďźš Xinman Liu,Matthew Iekel, Zhuojia Lou, Dominick Florer,Casey Ludwig, John Aceto West Entrance Designďźš Xinman Liu *All Graphics Used are rendered by Xinman Liu.

Ames, a peaceful town in the mid-west, and the home of Iowa State University. The site is located at southern corner of Ames, in which the new direction of urban sprawl. The site was a former agriculture land and located between Workiva(IT Company) and ISU Research Park. New high-end residential development and a new bike trail that connect with high trestle trail in Des Moins(Iowa Capital) was planed in the west side of the site. The site will serve as a living lab, a place for Inspiration and green foot forward for the city of Ames.We noticed that our site as a public park will be designed to meet different people, wildlifes and plants' need. At the same time, connect with the surrounding and other places in Ames physically, conceptually and functionally is very important. The city of Ames started to extend toward south, where our site located and the surrounding lack of public green space. During the master plan phase, we decided to design our site the green core for southern Ames, a place serve as spacial intersection, and a green buffer zone. We blend similar elements from our surrounding and used in our site design, to enhance the connection. In order to make the change from place to place faintly, the elements from surrouding gradully reduced toward the core(center) of the site. We came out the name "Nexus" for our design.


SITE CONTEXT

SPATIAL

HIERARCHY

Imagine Our Site is An Ice Cream Cone

The Horizontal Space is Limited, But We Want This Place To Be Multi-Function.

Recreation

Residential Flavour

1930s

Iowa State University

Site Boundary

1950s

ISU Research Park Flavour

How Can We Make Them All Fit In ?

Wetlands

Let’s Go Vertical

Commercial Flavour

Add Some Delicious Topping!!

Ecological Flavour

1960s

Commercial Area Airport 1970s N

0

0.1

0.2

Woodland Medical

Educational

Public Space

Park and Green Open

Residential Area

Industrial Area

Agricultural

CIRCULATION HIERARCHY

Bike+Pedestrian Path

Landbridge Circulation

Nexus

PROBLEMS

Resting Pedestrian Area Lookout Path

- A connected group or series - The central and most important point or place.

C. Eroded Streambank

A. Limited Space

D. Bare Soil/Soil Erosion B. Limited Access

Wood Bridge Stepping Stone

Ground Circulation

Pedestrian Trail

Pedestrian+Bike Path


MASTER PLAN Integrate

c c'

Education Center

Integrate ecological systemsinto the surrounding context and provide connections to similarsites.

Establish

Establish vehicle and pedestrian connections to both existing and proposed infrastructure.

Workiva

Sunken Garden

A

Open Lawn

Primary Circulation

Create

Landbridge

Secondary Circulation

B

Proposed Parking lot

Support a strong and sustainable stream bank ecology.

Wetland

B'

Playground

Support

A'

Create learning opportunities for the public on native ecology, watersheds, and the history of the site.

ISU Research Park

Stepping stone

Creek Crossing

SECTIONS

Improve

Improve soil systems in order to protect soils on site.

Section B-B'

Baptisia lactea, Echinacea purpurea, Veronicastrum virginicum, Pernstemon digitalis

Mesic species

Xeric species

Coreopsis tinctoria Gentiana alba

Rudbeckia hirta

Ratibida pinnata, Asclepias tuberosa, Verbena stricta, Aster laevis Andropogon gerardii, Sorghastrum nutans

Landbridge separate human movement and wildlife movement, not only protect wildlife, plants and streambank ecology, but also create a great oppotunities for people enjoy and observe nature without disturbing.

Amorpha canescens

Section C-C' Education Center+Wetland

Terracing the land provide boundless spatial separation for different function land use, different height also create various perspectives for people viewing the park.

Liatris pycnostachya, Vernonia fasciculata, Asclepias incarnata, Aster novae-angliae

Hydric species

Eryngium yuccifolium, Zizia aurea, Anemone canadensis,Spartina pectinata Carex comosa, Carex crinita, Carex lupulina, Elymus riparius

Section A-A'

Landbridge is the core of the park, also the natural hub for preserve wildlife and riparian ecosystem, the center of the bridge create micro climate without human intervention. Glass wall inside of the landbridge create visual connection between human and wildlife, for education and research purpose.


NEXUS PARK|WEST ENTRANCE DESIGN(INDIVIDUAL WORK)

Site

Problems

1960s

1970s

MTB Obstacles Plan Parti Inspired by Movement Patterm 1980s

N Permeable Pavement

Increase Green Space+ Shade/ Ecology+Urban Heat Island

ADA Accessible/Open to Everyone

Bike Park/ Recreation

Recycle Material (Recycled Rubber)

Ames Annexations 2016

Future Residential Development Site Location

Ground Lighting

6 Brown Bus Stop/ 20mins

Design Elements This is the 2rd phase of the I pick the west entrance development and the only bus will be

nexus park design, each of our teammate chose one part of the park to move further. where right next to the new bike trail that link to Des Moins, new residential stop that can take people to ISU, and other important spots in town. I tought here the good place to invite people go into the park and explore.

During design, I found the roundabout in front of our site was convenient for both vehicle and pedestrian, but the only problem is roundabout did not included traffic light and audio guide. When people who is visually impaired and young children crossing will be a potential security liability, but the park was design for everyone can enjoy. I decided to include the sidewalk and roundabout design in my entrance design, in order to make sure everyone who walk and bike to our park without safety concern. The entrance located between two parking lot, and right next to the road, also the elevation of the entrance is lower than the surrounding in order to mitigate the urban heat island effect and stormwater run off from surrounding, the Design included several ecological element like Permeable Pavement and sidewalk stormwater planter to slow down the water and filter the water before it go into the site.

The entrance is link to the bike trail, and I was inspired by it and tried to continue the bike element into our site. The entrance was long and narrow, it is not the perfact condition for an entrance how to lead people go all the way down to the open lawn and keep them interested was important. A mini bike park idea came into my mind, the entrance was divided to three parts, one is the bike park(included MTB obstacles, recycled rubber cover planter as cushion and lighting on the ground for night use and save space  and another is pedestrian path for people who walk to the park. The third one was a gathering area serve as resting area, bike shelter also Ames City Bike shelter for people who bike here parking and resting, also for people who walk here want to bike through the park check-out bike.


PLAN

After I did research of how people with visual impaired walk and their habit, I found out that they most sense the world by touch and listen, they using cane to feel the differences of the ground texture to tell them where they are.

DETAILS

According to the sound they can know what is going on, and that is why audio guide is so important. So I designed a series of feature that include different texture(Detective Warning& Special texture crosing), audio guide, and also for makes the drive notice they should slow down and stop(Sign, flashing light) to ensure the safety and enhance the connection.

Landbridge

Yield Sign

Pedestrian Circulation Playground/ Opened Lawn

Flashing Light Warning (Press) Detective Warning Permeable Pavement with Different Texture (Detectable)

ADA-Roundabout Detail

Landbridge

Shade Tree

Bike Circulation

Playground/ Opened Lawn

Water TolerantNativ

e Vegetation

Curb Cut/Inflow

Permeable Pavement

Entrance/ Activity

Landbridge

Gravel/Filter

Overflow

Filter Fibric

Structure Wall

Small Gatehring Space

B St i at k io e n

Existing Soil

Zoning

Stormwater Management Detail

R e s t i n g Area/ Direction

Playground/ Opened Lawn

Bike Park/ Recreation

Ground Lighting

Increase Green Space+ Shade/ Ecology+Urban Heat Island

N

Permeable Pavement

0'

0'

20'

40'

80' A D A Accessible

Section Facing North

5' 20'

10' Eco-Green Wall (Raised Stormwater Planter)

Underdrain

Increase Green Space+ Shade/ Ecology+Urban Heat Island

Bike Shelter


VELELLA VELELLA Renewable energy infrastructures in Artistic Presentation Raise public awareness of the California’s Water Crisis. Introduce Seawater desalination to the public.

The Land Art Generator Initiative (LAGI)Competetion Santa Monica, CA Teammates: Shan He, Krithika Mohan Spring 2016

Velella velella, also known as "by-the-wind-sailors" have a recent history of washing ashore in California in response to El Nino events in the past few years. The hydrozoan consists of a float for the base with a clear sail to the top that enables these organisms to move with winds and currents. Their popularity with the Pier Aquarium and their amazing ability to function as a system in colonies serve as the basis for this concept. The design is comprised of two major components- The desalinization demonstration facility and the floating façade. Each of these components contribute to the two-fold system of renewable energy technologies, namely, photosynthetic solar panel and saline water electrolysis. The demonstration facility would ideally be powered entirely by the clean energy provided by the solar panels, making this design a truly self-sustaining system. Ebb and flow of low tide and high tide influence the movement of the floating façade of Velella, much like its hydrozoan counterpart. However, the structure takes biomimicry a step further by applying an ingenious technique to the recycled can and aluminum façade. On a closer look, one would be able to see the green powdery texture of the solar harvesting technique developed by MIT Researcher, Andreas Mershin. The technique involves mixing of ready to use "stabilizing powder" with agricultural waste such as grass clippings to create a green goo that performs photosynthesis even after the plant's death. Tapping into Photosystem-I Chlorophyll molecules from plants to the floating façade makes this technology highly malleable and inexpensive. While this technology is not as efficient as the regular photo voltaic cells (0.1% efficiency as compared to 1518%), it is non-toxic, affordable and easy to install. The rough surface of the floating façade is connected through a web of zinc nanowires that run through the recycled cans and interconnected LED lights that activate in the absence of daylight. Getting to Velella from the Pier by itself is a renewable experience as people will be encouraged to use boats powered by clean energy generated at the facility. Frequent routes would make the structure accessible, but people would be able to experience the land art from the Pier as well. This dual experience would be achieved using visual aids of lighting and signage, along with the experience of tasting purified water from the facility at custom drinking fountains located at the Pier.


INSPIRATION+ CONCEPT

VELELLA

Photosynthetic Solar Panel

Converge

α

Input

A self-Sustaining System Seawater Desalinization Facility

STUDY MODELS

Diverge

Output


Solar chips Solar collecting collecting chips are are connected connected Solar collecting chips are connected aa web of with web of zinc zinc nanowires. nanowires. Solar chips are connected withcollecting a web with of zinc nanowires. layers have spaces Each layers have spaces to to Solar collecting chips are Discover Santa Monica's Peculiar Sea Raft with a web ofEach zinc nanowires. Each layers have spaces to connected cool the architecture and chips Discover Santa Monica's Peculiar Sea Raft cool the architecture and chips with a web of zinc nanowires. Each layers have spaces to cool the architecture and chips Each layers have spaces to cool the architecture and chips The Velella is generally two parts. The upper dome for solar solar energy energy collection collection and and diving diving delta delta for for seawater seawater desalination. desalination. The Velella is generally two parts. The upper dome for solar energy collection and diving delta for seawater desalination. cool the with architecture and chips The technique used for floading facade of collecting solar powder" solar energy energy involves involves mixing mixing of of ready ready to to use use "stabilizing "stabilizing powder" with technique used fortwo floading facade of collecting solarenergy energy involves mixing of ready useseawater "stabilizing powder" with The The Velella is generally parts. The upper domeclippings for solar andthat diving deltato for desalination. agricultural waste such as grass to createcollection a green performs photosynthesis even green goo goo that performs photosynthesis even after after the the plant's plant's death. death. agricultural as grass clippings todome create green goo that performs photosynthesis even after thepowder" plant'swith death. TheThe technique for such floading facade of collecting solar energy involves mixing of ready todelta use "stabilizing Velella used is waste generally two parts. The upper for amolecules solar energy diving for makes seawater Tapping into Photosystem-I Chlorophyll fromcollection plants to the floating façade this technology plants to and the floating façade makes thisdesalination. technology highly highly malleable malleable Tapping into Photosystem-I Chlorophyll molecules from plants to the floating façade makes this technology highly malleable agricultural waste such grass clippings create a green performs photosynthesis even after the plant's death. The technique used forasfloading facadethis oftocollecting solar energy involves of ready to use "stabilizing powder" with as and inexpensive. While technology is notgoo as that efficient as the regular photo voltaic cells (0.1% efficiency efficient asmixing the regular photo voltaic cells (0.1% efficiency as and inexpensive. While this technology is to notcreate as efficient as the regular photo voltaic cellstechnology (0.1% efficiency as Tapping into Photosystem-I Chlorophyll from plants the floating façade makes this malleable agricultural waste such to as grass clippings a greento goo that performs photosynthesis even after the death. compared 15-18%), it molecules is non-toxic, affordable and easy to The surface of the floating façade easy to install. install. The rough rough surface of highly the plant's floating façade is is connected connected compared to 15-18%), it is non-toxic, affordable and easy to install. The rough surface of the floating façade is connected and Tapping inexpensive. While this technology is not as that efficient as thetothe regular photocans voltaic cells this (0.1%technology efficiency as that into Photosystem-I Chlorophyll molecules from therecycled floating façade highly malleable through a web of zinc nanowires run plants through and interconnected LED activate recycled cans and makes interconnected LED lights lights that activate through a web of zinc nanowires that run through the recycled cans and interconnected LED lights that activate compared to 15-18%), it absence isthis non-toxic, affordable andefficient easy to install. The rough surface of cells the floating façade is as connected and inexpensive. technology is not as as the regular photo voltaic (0.1% efficiency in While the of daylight. in the absence of daylight. through a web zinc nanowires that run affordable through theand recycled and interconnected LED lights activate compared to of 15-18%), it is non-toxic, easy tocans install. The rough surface of the that floating façade is connected in through the absence a webofofdaylight. zinc nanowires that run through the recycled cans and interconnected LED lights that activate in the absence of daylight.

??? ? Wasted Cans Wasted Cans Wasted Cans Wasted Cans

Chlorophyll Chlorophyll Chlorophyll Chlorophyll

40m 40m

Recycling aluminum from wasted Recyclingfrom aluminum from wasted cans cans Recycling aluminum wasted cans covered with "stabilizing powder" covered with "stabilizing powder" with with Recycling from wasted cans with covered aluminum with "stabilizing powder" green goo creat a plat for photosynthesis green goo creat a plat for photosynthesis Recycling aluminum from wasted cans covered "stabilizing powder" with green with goo creat a plat for photosynthesis covered powder" with green goo with creat"stabilizing a plat for photosynthesis green goo creat a plat for photosynthesis

Diameter Width of Floating Facade: over 25m Diameter Width of Floating Facade: over 25m Diameter Width of Floating Facade: over 25m

VELELLA VELELLA VELELLA VELELLA Discover Santa Monica's Peculiar Sea Raft Discover Santa Monica's Peculiar Sea Raft HOW IT WORKS

35m 35m

35m 35m 35m

Bionic Floading Facade for Solar BionicFacade Floading for Collecting Collecting Solar Energy Energy Bionic Floading for Facade Collecting Solar Energy Bionic Floading Facade for Collecting Solar Energy Bionic Floading Facade for Collecting Solar Energy

Diameter Width Width of of Floating Floating Facade: Facade: over over 25m 25m Diameter

Diameter Length of ofFacade: Floating Facade: over 80 80 mm Diameter Floating Facade: Diameter Length of Length Floating over 80 m over Diameter Length of Floating Facade: over 80 m Diameter Length of Floating Facade: over 80 m 40m 40m 40m

Using Solar Energy chip: (0.1% Solar Energy Harvesting Harvesting (0.1% efficiency) efficiency) Using SolarUsing Energy Harvesting chip: (0.1%chip: efficiency) Surface area of floating facade: 2000 squre Surface area of floating facade: 2000 squre meters meters Using Solararea Energy Harvesting chip: 2000 (0.1%squre efficiency) Surface of floating facade: meters Using Solar Energy Harvesting chip: (0.1% efficiency) Surface area of floating facade: 2000 squre meters Surface area of floating facade: 2000 squre meters

VELELLA VELELLA VELELLA Structure VELELLA Structure SectionSection Structure StructureSection Section 12m 12m 12m

Upper Dome

Solar Energy Collector

Middle Delta

3m

3m 3m

3m 3m

Electricity Accumulator

11m 11m 11m

Lower Cuboid

Seawater Desalination

12m 12m

Intake tube is 1200 m Intake Intake tube is 1200 m tube is 1200 m Intake tube is 1200 m Intake tube is 1200 m

11m 11m


PERSPECTIVES SMK16515

Santa Monica Pier

Floating facade on low tide

Breakwater

Santa Monica Pier

Floating facade on high tide

Breakwater

VELELLA

VÄ“lum: sail, -ella: bacteria

Approach

Day


PERSPECTIVES

VELELLA

Vēlum: sail, -ella: bacteria Discover Santa Monica’s Peculiar Sea Raft

Night


PERSPECTIVES

interior


Wenzhou Oujiang Estuary New Urban District Urban Design

Summer 2016 Turenscape Internship Project Coastal land reclamation Restoration

Teammates: Jian zhang,Yuan Xue,Xing Ming (Only Personal works Included)

The sites is located at estuary of China East Sea, it is a artificial land built from coastal land reclamation. The site is the first phase of the Wenzhou Ou River New Urban District Development and is planed to serve as communication & technology district, also included residential, commercial, recreational and educational function. The city of Wenzhou hope the new district can bring Wenzhounese back to their hometown, slow down the brain drain and attract investors and visitor come and stay. Due to both Wenzhou's cultural and geographical remoteness and its lack of natural resources (land, minerals, etc.), the Chinese central government has left the people of Wenzhou relatively autonomous. Away from the center of the political and economic stage, its people are more independent, self-reliant, and generally more business and family oriented.


SITE ANALYSIS

Coastal Habitat loss due to land reclamation.

Original City Planning lack of focus

Flat topography due to land reclamation.

Inflexible city grid, planning was base on vehicle use, lack of Pedestrians and bike circulation and facilities

High-Tech

Straight seawall, lack of natural feature and water resiliency. Street design was cluttered, loss city identity .

24km² L a c k o f b a s i c a m e n i t i e s a n d r e c r e a c t i o n facilities

Residential + Education Straight River bank, lack of biodiversity.

Green Foundation

Develope Main Axis

The city itself are disconnected due to the irrational landuse planning.

Loss connection with Wenzhou's local history and culture

Imcompleted Stormwater management system

Phase1+Phase 2 Landuse Major Typhoon Motion

Framing Central Structure

defind land use in the end


STRATEGIES FOR VIBRANT MIXED-USE COMMUNITY

CONNECT THE CITY

Before

Straight riverbank+ Disconnected city spaces

Step1.

Extend river and green space toward inside of the city.

Before

Parks and Green Spaces in the city disconnected

Step 2.

After

Encourage new building design use bottom overhead multistory construction, give back the land to public green space.

Link the 3 Green Spaces and Parks in the center, create a Green Core and focus point for the city.

Mix-Use Community

More compact city space, can meet different people's need and create more gathering space for different activities.

Introduce Gardens, urban farmings into the city ,to maximise the resilience of the eco-system through urban landscape. Blur the boundary of city and green space, create strong ecological connection, link spaces by pedestrian and bike-friendly transportation system. Create poly-centric cities, create public space for gathering, recreation, education, Comercial and bussiness use, makes The city space more compact and diverse.


RIVERBANK STRATEGIES

ECOLOGICAL RESTORATION

Before

Meandered

Water Ecology Corridor

Introduce Wetland Plants and Wildlife

The ecosystems are rebuild mainly through enhance the aquatic ecosystem eco-corridors that reintroducing wetland and local Riparian plants into the engineering water system, soften the stream bank, provide habitat for native wildlife while enhance the water resilient to the city.

Parks and Publick Green Space

Parks and green space are located everywhere in the city within 10 mins walkable distance. Sizes and functionality are varied depending on the context. Mainly serve as cultural and natural spaces of the town.

Different Variations

TOPOGRAPHY

STRATEGIES

North Seawall Shoreline Wetland

Located at the urban ecosystem and coastal ecosystem, a great place to highlight the edge effect of the ecology. Mainly form by coastal wetland, mangrove forest and halophytes. Excellent habitat for the local/ migrating birds and very-shallow water organisms.

Street Green Space

Create diverse water interface

Before

Mainly enhancing the stormwater management function by locating biorientation basin and rain gardens along the street, on the other hand, street trees/planting provide shading for the pedestrian and lower the ground temperature of the ground.

Adding Micro Topography

South Seawall Windbreak

The south seawall is facing the challenging of a typhoon, plants serving as a windbreak for the city.

岙 Flat Land

Terraced Agriculture Land

Water Ecology Corridor 峃

Rocky Mountains 5m

Concave 1.5m

Stream 5m

土夅 漈

Waterfront

Mountains 1.5m

Using local dialect blend with topography, using traditional Chinese borrow landscape. Inspired by the mountainous landscape in Wenzhou, reshape and rescale, enhance the connection with Wenzhou local culture and history, create place identity.

Parks and Publick Green Space North Seawall Shoreline Wetland Street Green Space South Seawall Windbreak


SCENERY COLLAGE-CITY SCROLLS PAINTING THEMES

shoreline

wetland POND FOR PRODUCTION

Highway

Before:Northern Seawall Production Landscape

Diversed Wetland boardwalk

Northern Seawall Ecological + Local Culture Corridor

Public Land Arts

Lookout point

pedestrian Bridge

Keywords: Bird-Watching, Productive Landscape, Fisher Folk Culture, Migratory Birds, Saltmarsh, Habitat Reclamation.

After:Northern Seawall

pedestrian Bridge

Wavewall

Terrace blend with vegetation

resting/fishing spot

Engineering slope

Highway

Central Urban Waterfront Social+Art+Recreation Corridor Keywords: Public Modern Art Installation,Theater, Market, Restaurant, City Life.

Before:southern Seawall Art Park

Option#1: Terrace

Platform for activities boardwalk Pebble Beach

Option#2: Art Platform Southern Seawall Community+Fitness+Culture+Ecol ogical Corridor Keywords: Local Art Installation+Outdoor Fitness, Fishing, Tidal landscape

Option#3: Boardwald

The three waterfront spaces are design to showcase different perspectives of Wenzhou city and the Ou River urabn district. We inspired by the Chinese Scroll Painting and the ancient local painting s" Strange Fish", see the three waterfront space as three beautiful scroll paintings.Three corridors illustrate the unique local culture and history, and the present urban life, the future prospects of the new urban district.


Philadelphia’s Next Parky Wave

Fall 2017 better philadelphia challenge Teammates: Shan he, Krithika Mohan

Changes come in waves and Philadelphia’s next parkway system is best imagined as a public social space for passive and active recreation. The vision is to use a series of “drops” at specific locations and nodes that create ripples to stimulate social, economic and ecological activity in a dense and developed 21st Century Philadelphia. The drops of changes come in a series of waves to achieve short and long-term community engagement through temporary infrastructure and programming eventually resulting in permanent infrastructure and programming. These “drops” of change connect the city’s existing natural and cultural resources with their neighboring communities to re-envision Philadelphia’s 21st century Park way. Lehigh Avenue is a dynamic site with varied points of interests spanning across several neighborhoods. It stretches from one water body to another with cultural landscapes or “bookends” that shape the avenue. While Lehigh avenue does not have a clear identity, it is a fascinating site to analyze and study. The phases proposed below attempt to provide a feasible solution to this linear system.


PHASES DESIGN

MAIN CONCEPT

CHANGING LEHIGH AVENUE WITH A SERIES OF RIPPLES PHASE I

INITIATE

PROGRAM

RESPOND

Consists of a temporary D-I-Y (do it yourself) approach to urbanism to stimulate social interaction, facilitate community engagement, and attract long-term financial investors to Philadelphia’s downtown neighborhoods. Some D-I-Y ideas include pop-up parks, neighborhood libraries, food trucks, mobile ping pong tables, portable fitness stations similar to fitness boot camps, art installations and workshops, marketplaces, cycling activities, and other events.


PHASE I PERSPECTIVE

+

PROGRAM DIAGRAMS PROGRAM Existing | PhaseDIAGRAMS I Temporary | Phase

II Permanet Existing | Phase I Temporary | Phase II Permanet

PROGRAM DIAGRAMS PROGRAM DIAGRAMS

Existing | Phase I Temporary | Phase II Permane

PROGRAM DIAGRAMS

t

Existing | Phase I Temporary | Phase II Permanet LEARNING CORNER | EXISTING

LEARNING CORNER | EXISTING

LEARNING CORNER | EXISTING LEARNING CORNER | EXISTING

PHASE I LEARNING CORNER | PHASE I | TEMPORAR Y LEARNING CORNER | PHASE I | TEMPORARY

PHASE II

LEARNING CORNER LEARNIN G CORNER ENHANCES THE CORNER ENHANC ES ENABLE THE CORNER LOT TO LEARNING LOTFROM TO ENABLE BOOKS DONATED LEARNIN G BY FROM BOOKS DONATED BY LOCAL ORGANIZATIONS LOCAL ZATIONS ANDORGANI DEVELOPS A SENSE ANDOF DEVELO PS A SENSE COMMUNITY AMONG OF COMMU NITY AMONGWHILE LOCAL RESIDENTS LOCAL RESIDEN WHILE CREATING ATS URBAN OASIS CREATIN G A THE URBAN OASIS AMONG CONCRETE AMONG THE CONCRETE JUNGLE JUNGLE

LEARNING CORNER LEARNING CORNER | PHASE II | PERMANET | PHASE II | PERMANET

LEARNIN G CORNER LEARNING CORNER ENHANC ES THE CORNER ENHANCES THE CORNER LOT TO ENABLE LEARNIN LOT TO ENABLE LEARNING G FROMFROM BOOKS DONATE D BY BOOKS DONATED BY LOCALLOCAL ORGANI ZATIONS ORGANIZATIONS AND DEVELO PS A SENSE AND DEVELOPS A SENSE OF COMMU NITY AMONG OF COMMUNITY AMONG LOCALLOCAL RESIDEN TS WHILEWHILE RESIDENTS CREATIN G A URBAN OASISOASIS CREATING A URBAN AMONG THE CONCRE TE AMONG THE CONCRETE JUNGLE JUNGLE LEARNING CORNER | PHASE I | TEMPORAR Y LEARNING CORNER | PHASE I | TEMPORARY

LEARNING CORNER | PHASE II | PERMANET LEARNING CORNER | PHASE II | PERMANET

STREET ART WALK | EXISTING

POP UP GARDEN | EXISTING POP UP GARDEN | EXISTING

STREET ART WALK | PHASE I | TEMPORARY

oA ve ing Ar am

STREET ART WALK | PHASE II | PERMANET

STREET ART WALK | PHASE II | PERMANET

STREETSTREET ART WALK ART WALK TRNSFOTRNSFORMS RMS THE BARREN THE BARREN SIDEWALKS INTO A SOCIAL SIDEWALKS INTO A SOCIAL INTERACINTERACTION TION WITH ART WITH ART AND GARDEN S ADJACENT AND GARDENS ADJACENT TO A BIKE TOLANE. AUP BIKE LANE. GARDEN POP

STREET ART WALK | PHASE I | TEMPORAR Y STREET ART WALK | PHASE I | TEMPORARY

POP UP GARDEN | PHASE I | TEMPORAR Y POP UP GARDEN | PHASE I | TEMPORARY

STREET ART WALK | PHASE II | PERMANET STREET ART WALK | PHASE II | PERMANET

POP UP GARDEN ENHANCES THE VACANT ENHANCES THE VACANT LOT TO ENABLE SOCIAL LOT TO ENABLE SOCIAL INTERACTION AMONG INTERACTION AMONG LOCAL RESIDENTS WHILE LOCAL RESIDENTS WHILE CREATING A URBAN OASIS CREATING A URBAN OASIS AMONG THE CONCRETE AMONG THE CONCRETE JUNGLE JUNGLE

PHASE II PERSPECTIVE

POP UPPOP GARDEN | PHASE| PHASE II | PERMANET II | PERMANET UP GARDEN

EL igh

eh

WATERFRONT | EXISTING

WATERFRONT| PHASE I | TEMPORARY WATERFRONT| PHASE I | TEMPORARY

WATERFRO NT| PHASE II PHASE | PERMANET II | PERMANET WATERFRONT|

BIKE TRAIL BOULEVARD BIKE TRAIL BOULEVARD VACANT ENHANCES THE ENHANC ES THE VACANT TO ENABLE SOCIAL LOT TO LOT ENABLE SOCIAL INTERACTION AMONG INTERAC TION AMONG LOCAL RESIDENTS WHILE LOCAL RESIDEN TSAWHILE URBAN OASIS CREATING CREATIN G A URBAN OASIS THE CONCRETE AMONG AMONG THE CONCRETE JUNGLEJUNGLE

BIKE TRAIL | EXISTING BIKE TRAIL | EXISTING

BIKE TRAIL | PHASE I | TEMPORARY BIKE TRAIL | PHASE I | TEMPORARY

BIKE TRAILBIKE | PHASE II ||PERMANET PHASE II | PERMANET TRAIL

e Av

WATERFRONT PROMENADE WATERFRONT PROMENADE ENHANCES THE ENHANCES THE RIVERFRONT LOT TO RIVERFRONT LOT TO ENABLE SOCIAL ENABLE SOCIAL INTERACTION AMONG INTERACTION AMONG LOCAL RESIDENTS WHILE LOCAL RESIDENTS WHILE CREATING AN ART SHOW CREATING AN ART SHOW OF INTERACTIVE LIGHTS OF INTERACTIVE LIGHTS ALONG THE WATERFRONT ALONG THE WATERFRONT WATERFRONT | EXISTING

e Av

STREET ART WALK | EXISTING

STREET ART WALK | PHASE I | TEMPORAR Y

igh

t Existing | Phase I Temporary | Phase II Permanet

eh

STREET ART WALK | EXISTING

PROGRAM DIAGRAMS PROGRAM DIAGRAMS

Existing | Phase ISTREET ARTryWALK | EXISTING Tempora | Phase II Permane

EL

STREET ART WALK STREET ART WALK TRNSFORMS THE BARREN TRNSFORMS THE BARREN SIDEWALKS INTO A SOCIAL SIDEWALKS INTO A SOCIAL INTERACTION WITH ART INTERACTION WITH ART AND GARDENS ADJACENT AND GARDENS ADJACENT TO A BIKE LANE. TO A BIKE LANE.


Human As Part of the Landscape

Spring 2017 la 481 Project 3 Teammate:Shan He, Rui Xie Document, Fabricate A Study in Landscape Detail, Structure, Form, Language and Expression

Chinese Poem: From the side, a whole range; from the end, a single peak; Far, near, high, low -- no two parts alike. Why can't I tell the true shape of Lu-shan? because I myself am in the mountain ------ 题西林壁 苏轼(Song Dynasty)

As the city scale is increasing, the same as the distance between human and nature. Urban green space becomes the only place people can escape from the chaotic urban life. Benches, in this case, are not only become the platform to provide physical support and create a space that allows people to take a break and reconnect with nature and finding inner peace. The design is Inspired by ancient Chinese philosophy. Mainly, the idea of harmonious coexistence of human with nature, trough poem and garden elements (Mountains, water, and reflection). Using metaphor (the most common Rhetoric technique in Chinese poetry), see humV an as the scenery, curved benches surface as a meandering river, the geometric decorations under the seat is the ‘reflection’ of the scenery (human), which height are well-interpreted with the designated sitting area on the surface. The whole pieces aimed at bringing Zen and peaceful into urban space. *Only Recycled materials used.


1

2 Natural Setting

Modern Setting

3

Designated Sitting Areas Joints For Support

4

36" 72"

DRAWING BY RUIXIE XINMAN LIU SHAN HE

22

DRAWING

TITLE

PROJECT 3

SHOP

DRAWING

10/19/2016

16"

IOWA STATE UNIVERSITY LA 481

Sitting Surface Connect With Support

SCALE 1-30"

DATE

"

1"

5

TITLE

LA 481

72"

Min 20" Mid 24" Max 25"

PROJECT

Plan Base Support TITLE

DRAWING

TITLE

LA 481

PROJECT 3

SHOP

DRAWING

18"

2.

5"

16"

11"

3”x8

The "Reflection" 2.

3"

Section From Front

TITLE

DRAWING

Drywall Screws (Bottom Support)

Surface Area Details

TITLE

IOWA STATE UNIVERSITY

25"

24"

20"

Exterior Screws (Surface)

16"

18"

5"

7 PROJECT

1-5/8"x8

3"

72"

IOWA STATE UNIVERSITY LA 481 SCALE 1-30"

10/19/2016

6

DRAWING BY

PROJECT

DATE

0.5"

SHOP DRAWINGS

DRAWING BY RUIXIE XINMAN LIU SHAN HE

Base Support

Section From Side


Thank you.

Portfolio 2018  
Portfolio 2018  
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