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XfrogPlants | Shrubs


XfrogPlants SHRUBS Contents : 60 3D Models: in Maya, 3ds Max, Vue, Lightwave, Cinema 4D, .OBJ, modo, .3DS .tgo or MicroStation formats. 60 800 x 800 Billboard Renders 60 2048 x 1536 Perspective Renders Xfrog inc: Xfrog User Forum: Xfrog Support:

(with Alpha) (with Alpha)

www.xfrog.com xfrog.com/forum xfrog.com/support

Legal : XfrogPlants Models and Textures are copyright: © 2001 - 2014 Xfrog Inc Contact: Email: Support3@xfrog.com Visit http://xfrog.com/company/contact for phone and address All Rights Reserved. If this product is lawfully purchased then the contents are made available to you under license as an “End User” with use at your place of business.

XfrogPlants Development: Orio Menoni : Modeler, Documentation

Jan Walter Schliep : Modeler

Jan Heuschele : Modeler

Tany Heider : Rendering

Karin Rudokas : Research and Development

Peter Fantke : Research and Development

Bernd Lintermann : Research and Development

Oliver Deussen : Research and Development

Stewart McSherry : Product Manager


01.

Hornbeam

SHRUBS

( Carpinus betulus )

Tree, deciduous broadleaf Bloom : April - May Origin : Central and Eastern Europe (Germany to Italy and Balkans) Environment : Mixed forests, up to 1,000 m; on fresh, fertile soil Climate : Temperate Notes :

The Hornbeam is a humble but sometimes majestic rural tree. Once common in Europe’s mixed broadleaf forests (with English Oak, Sweet Chestnut, European Beech and Hazel), it is much less diffused today. In the 18th and 19th centuries, the Hornbeam became a high-society fashionable tree for decoration of villas’ boulevards.

Age 3 4m

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SHRUBS

Age 2 3m

Age 1 2m

01. Hornbeam ( Carpinus betulus )

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02.

Cornelian Cherry Dogwood

SHRUBS

( Cornus mas )

Tree/Shrub, deciduous broadleaf Bloom : February-April Origin : Central and Southern Europe, Western Asia Environment : Shrubberies, deciduous dry forests; on drained loamy rocky soil Climate : Temperate, cool Notes :

The Cornelian Cherry Dogwood is a member of the dogwood family, not of the cherry family. It can be planted as a hedge, in which case it produces a dense, almost impenetrable thicket of branches, a screen or a foundation plant. It’s architectural shape also makes it a good choice for planting near the corners of buildings.

Age 3 4m

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SHRUBS

Age 2 2m

Age 1 1.5 m

02. Cornelian Cherry Dogwood ( Cornus mas )

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03.

Bloodtwig Dogwood

SHRUBS

( Cornus sanguinea )

Shrub, deciduous broadleaf Bloom : May-June (late bloom: September) Origin : Central Europe, sporadically in Northern Europe, Caucasus Environment : Alluvial forest edges, shrubberies; on fertile calcareous loamy soil Climate : Temperate, cool Notes :

The common name of the Bloodtwig Dogwood refers to the shrub’s main ornamental trait: the red twig color in autumn and winter. The scientific genus name comes from the Latin word “cornu” (meaning: “horn”), because it’s strong wood was often used to make walking sticks. It’s human-inedible fruits are a delicacy for many birds.

Age 3 3m

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SHRUBS

Age 1 1m

Age 2 2m

Age 4 0.5 m

03. Bloodtwig Dogwood ( Cornus sanguinea )

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04.

Hazel Tree

SHRUBS

( Corylus avellana )

Shrub/Tree, deciduous broadleaf Bloom : February-April Origin : Europe, South-Western Asia Environment : Hills and mountains underwood, up to 1,700 m. Climate : Temperate, cool Notes :

Often a shrub, the Hazel Tree grows on deep, fresh calcareous soil. It has been cultivated since the Roman age because of the fruits. In the 19th century the hazelnut paste became a substitute for chocolate. The Hazel tree is considered a symbol of the moon, and for this reason its branches are used by the water diviners.

Age 3 4m

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Age 2 2.5 m

Age 1 1.5 m

04. Hazel Tree ( Corylus avellana )

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05.

Common Hawthorn

SHRUBS

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( Crataegus monogyna )

Tree/Shrub, deciduous broadleaf Bloom : May Origin : Europe Environment : Forest edges, shrubberies; on calcareous, loamy soil Climate : Temperate, cool Notes :

The Hawthorn is a fast growing, hardy shrub whose name comes from ancient Greek “kratos” (meaning “strength”). It is the host plant for the bacterium “Erwina amylovara“, which causes fire blight. Therefore it shouldn’t be planted close to any orchard. Niniane, an otherworld woman who tricked the Celtic magician Merlin into revealing his magic, shut him up in a Hawthorn.

Age 3 4m


SHRUBS

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Age 1 1m

Age 2 3m

05. Common Hawthorn ( Crataegus monogyna )


06.

European Spindle-Tree

SHRUBS

( Euonymus europaea )

Shrub/Tree, deciduous broadleaf Bloom : May-June Origin : Europe, Central Asia to river Volga Environment : Alluvial forest edges;

on fresh, calcareous and fertile soil Climate : Warm, temperate

Notes :

The main ornamental features of the European SpindleTree are its eyecatching fruits and the yellow to shiny red fall foliage. Hinting at the actively irritating properties of this shrub, it’s genus name Euonymus is associated with that of Euonyme, the mother of the Furies. In former times it was used to make spindles, hence the common name.

Age 3 3m

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Age 2 2m

Age 1 1.5 m

06. European Spindle-Tree ( Euonymus europaea )

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07.

Fig Tree

SHRUBS

( Ficus carica )

Tree, deciduous broadleaf Bloom : March - July Origin : South-Western Asia Environment : Humid and shady places, on rocky soil Climate : Warm, mild, temperate Notes :

The Fig Tree is a rustic species that grows even on arid soils and rocks, tolerating a wide range of temperatures. Fruits are very high in sugar (20% when fresh, 50% dried). One fruit is born from several merged flowers. Many myths are centred on the Fig Tree, considered the Tree of Knowledge, and a symbol of Fertility as well.

Age 3 5m

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Age 2 3.5 m

Age 1 2m

07. Fig Tree ( Ficus carica )

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08.

European Buckthorn

SHRUBS

( Frangula alnus )

Shrub/Tree, deciduous broadleaf Bloom : May-July Origin : Europe, Western Asia, Northern Africa Environment : Forests, shrubberies; on almost every soil Climate : Warm, mild, temperate Notes :

Since the 14th century the European Buckthorn has been used in medical science. It’s genus name hints at the crumbly wood, and the species name refers to the affinity of shape with the leaves of Alder trees. In many European languages this species is given meaningful common names because of the rotten smell of the bark.

Age 3 3m

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Age 2 2m

08. European Buckthorn ( Frangula alnus )

Age 1 1.5 m

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09.

Common Privet

SHRUBS

( Ligustrum vulgare )

Shrub, deciduous/evergreen broadleaf Bloom : June-July Origin : Europe, Northern Africa, Middle East Environment : Forests; on calcareous clay and loamy soils Climate : Temperate, cool Notes :

Common Privet is often used as a hedge plant at garden borders, because it tolerates pruning and is quite dense. Privets are semi-evergreen shrubs whose genus name comes from the Latin word “ligare“ (meaning: “to tie”), because the twigs were used for wattle. In the past, it’s berries were used to give wine an attractive color.

Age 3 2m

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Age 2 1m

Age 1 0.8 m

09. Common Privet ( Ligustrum vulgare )

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10.

European Aspen

SHRUBS

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( Populus tremula )

Tree/Shrub, deciduous broadleaf Bloom : March - April Origin : Europe, Northern Africa, Asia Environment : Forests, shrubberies, acclivities; on fresh to moist, fertile soil Climate : Mild, temperate, cool, cold Notes :

Humble, but hungry for sunlight, the European Aspen can often be found together with White Willow and Silver Birch. It is one of the most widely distributed trees in the world, with a natural range that stretches from the Arctic Circle in Scandinavia to North Africa, and from Britain across most of Europe and Northern Asia to China and Japan.

Age 3 4m


SHRUBS

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Age 2 3m

Age 1 2m

10. European Aspen ( Populus tremula )


11.

European Bird-Cherry

SHRUBS

( Prunus padus )

Shrub/Tree, deciduous broadleaf Bloom : May - June Origin : Southern, Western and Northern Europe,

Northern and Eastern Asia Environment : Deciduous and alluvial forests, shrubberies; on moist, fertile soil Climate : Mild, cool, cold

Notes :

The European Bird-Cherry is often planted as ornamental shrub. In the middle ages its edible fruits were used for preparation of mush and juice. Today it only plays an important role as fodder for wild animals, bees and butterflies. On the other hand it is unfit to grow close to fruit trees because of its many aphids.

Age 3 4m

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SHRUBS

Age 2 4m

Age 1 3m

Age 4 1.5 m

11. European Bird-Cherry ( Prunus padus )

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12.

Blackthorn

SHRUBS

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( Prunus spinosa )

Tree/Shrub, deciduous broadleaf Bloom : April - May Origin : Europe (from Scandinavia and British Islands to Italy) Environment : Forest edges; on moist, calcareous soils Climate : Mild, temperate, cool Notes :

Also known as Sloe, the Blackthorn is the European wild plum, diffused all over the continent and islands. It grows in very thick hedges that are impossible to penetrate because of the sharp thorns. The fruits are very nourishing but sour, and nowadays mostly used for jams and to flavour Gin, but in the past, Vikings had them as a primary food source.

Age 3 2m


SHRUBS

Age 2 2m

Age 1 1m

12. Blackthorn ( Prunus spinosa )

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13.

Dog Rose

SHRUBS

( Rosa canina )

Shrub, deciduous broadleaf Bloom : June Origin : Europe, North-Western Africa, Middle East Environment : Edges of forests and roads, shrubberies; on deep loamy soil Climate : Warm, mild, cool, cold Notes :

Also well-known as Common Briar, the Dog Rose is resistant to drought and heat. It can be identified easily by its strong pricks and the flowers, which can be colored from white to purple. Its fruits are exceptionally rich on vitamin C: 100 g. of its pulp contain between 300 and 700 mg., while oranges only contain about 50 mg.

Age 3 2m

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Age 2 2m

Age 1 1m

13. Dog Rose ( Rosa canina )

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14.

Hundred-Leaved Rose

SHRUBS

( Rosa centifolia )

Shrub, deciduous broadleaf Bloom : June-July Origin : Garden (Netherlands) Environment : On dry to moist soil Climate : Warm, cool, cold Notes :

The Hundred-Leaved Rose, also known as Centifolia, was originated at the end of the 16th century as a hybrid of several other roses in the Netherlands. It is known for its vigor, fragrance and many filled white to dark-red petals, which are used in pot-pourris, when dried.

Age 3 2m

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Age 2 1.5 m

14. Hundred-Leaved Rose ( Rosa centifolia )

Age 1 1m

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15.

Grey Willow

SHRUBS

( Salix cinerea )

Shrub, deciduous broadleaf Bloom : March-April Origin : Europe, Western Asia Environment : Moorland, wet meadows,

alluvial forests; on moist, peaty soil Climate : Temperate, cool, cold

Notes :

The Grey Willow is frost-resistant and is further able to survive under water for a long time. The common name comes from its grayish catkins and leaves. The bark of willow species is used as drug since Dioskurides (old Greek scientist) and is recommended against fever in the medical books of the 16th and 17th centuries.

Age 3 2m

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Age 2 1.5 m

Age 1 0.5 m

15. Grey Willow ( Salix cinerea )

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16.

Purple Willow

SHRUBS

( Salix purpurea )

Shrub, deciduous broadleaf Bloom : March - April Origin : Europe, Northern Africa, Southern and Central Asia Environment : Edges of forests and ways, shrubberies; on almost every soil Climate : Temperate, cool Notes :

The Purple Willow can be identified by its long, very flexible purple twigs, hence the name. This shrub is resistant against periodically flooding and also against drought periods. Its genus name comes from the Latin name for “willow�. The twigs of this shrub were used for binding baskets.

Age 3 3m

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Age 1 0.6 m

Age 2 2m

16. Purple Willow ( Salix purpurea )

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17.

Elderberry

SHRUBS

( Sambucus nigra )

Tree, deciduous broadleaf Bloom : May - June Origin : Europe, Western Asia Environment : Humid woods, river sides, wasted lands, in full sunlight Climate : Warm, mild Notes :

The Elderberry grows where the soil is humid and rich with Nitrogen: abandoned buildings, areas wasted by fire, where it often is the first re-colonizing species. The raw berries, rich of C vitamin, are loved by birds, but poisonous for man. People make jam from them. Berries and flowers have important medical qualities.

Age 3 4m

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SHRUBS

Age 2 3m

17. Elderberry ( Sambucus nigra )

Age 1 2m

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18.

European Mountain Ash

SHRUBS

( Sorbus aucuparia )

Tree/Shrub, deciduous broadleaf Bloom : May - June Origin : Europe, Northern Africa, Asia Environment : Alpine forests, moorland, on moist, acetous soil Climate : Cool, cold Notes :

The Latin “aucuparia� is because in the past, the berries of this tree were used as bird lure. Rich in vitamins, they were also medication to cure scurvy. In Scotland and Scandinavia this tree was believed to keep the Devil away, and planted in front of churches and houses. Celtic druids sacred this tree to the goddess Brigid.

Age 3 4m

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Age 2 3m

18. European Mountain Ash ( Sorbus aucuparia )

Age 1 2m

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19.

Common Lilac

SHRUBS

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( Syringa vulgaris )

Shrub/Tree, deciduous broadleaf Bloom : April-May Origin : South-Eastern Europe Environment : Woods, shrubberies, cliffs; on calcareous, sandy soil Climate : Warm, temperate, cool Notes :

In 1560 the Common Lilac was brought from Constantinople to Vienna by envoy Busbecq. Since then, this shrub has been spreading over Central Europe very fast. It is cultivated in many variations and hybrids in Europe since the 16th century. It is absolutely resistant against frost and drought.

Age 3 2m


SHRUBS

Age 2 1.5 m

19. Common Lilac ( Syringa vulgaris )

Age 1 1m

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20.

European Cranberry Bush

SHRUBS

( Viburnum opulus )

Shrub, deciduous broadleaf Bloom : May, June Origin : Europe, Northern Africa, Western and Northern Asia Environment : Alluvial forests, shrubberies; on fresh to wet loamy and clay soil Climate : Mild, cool, cold Notes :

Often planted as ornamental plant in gardens and parks, the European Cranberry Bush can be identified very easily by its shining red fruits and its purple autumn color. A very special cultivated variation is Sterile European Cranberry Bush (Viburnum opulus ‘Roseum’) – it’s flowers remind of a big, round snowball.

Age 3 3m

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Age 2 2.5 m

Age 1 2m

20. European Cranberry Bush ( Viburnum opulus )

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