Issuu on Google+


!

!

"!


! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! $%%&!'()*!'%+,+&-!,(+!./0(),!(*!'+!1+/%%2,!3++20-!4+/25!0%+*!(6!,.0!*(+0!,++,! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! !

!

#!


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

!

7!


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

!

S!


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`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a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

!

\!


! AG/+=30+!0('(*1-!'%@?!R9+*!%@!)+!:+;&0!<.=30+*?!Y.!'..&!:&..2!+&1+*5!(*!++*! 3%+6)+!4(00+*-!,.*!<++0!(6!)+!<+/!0+!9(*,+*?D! ! B()!<('@+/,+!'+!.2!'+0!++*!3.*,1+:..&?!W+0!50%'3+(,!1+5/.1+*!50%*,!(6!%@!+*! /(+@!(6!<+1-!0+&<()/!(6!'()*!3%%2,!5=3;,,+!%'!3%+!3+0!<.5!1+/%@+*?!B%+!'%+50!(6!3+'! ,c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

!

b!


<.0!%*..&,(1!,.0!'()*!9(&0;+/+!9&(+*,+*!4%*,+&!'()!<.&+*!9+&0&%66+*?!O.0!..&,(1!9.*! 3+'!,.0!3()!'+!*..&!3;(5!<(/,+!:&+*1+*!+*!%-!0&%;<+*5-!3()!<(/,+!'+!*%1!(+05!/.0+*!4(+*?! N%;-!(6!3['!%%6?! ! e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e&+*!/.0+&!6<.'!(6!2/;(0+*,!03;(5?!H+!*.=30!<.5!0%=3!1++*!0%0./+!0(),9+&5@(//(*1!1+<++50?! R+*0)+!<.5!%*06%'+*-!'..&!,+!.*,+&!4%;!*(+0!/.*1+&!,+!*.=30!%*9+(/(1!'.6+*?!W()*! '%+,+&!<.5!./!(*!5/..@!1+9.//+*!(*!,+!6.'+&!,(+!<+!,++/,+*?!86!4%;!3+0!3..&!,+!9%/1+*,+! %=30+*,!<+/!9+&0+//+*?!8*!3+0!<++6+*,!<.5!3+0!./0(),!3+0!++&50+!<.0!4+!'+!9&%+1f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`)!<.5!3+0?!86!:/%%5,+!0%+*!(6!+&..*!,.=30!<.0!(6! 1(50+&.9%*,!3.,!1+4+1,?!X+**+/()6!3+&(**+&,+!3()!3+0!4(=3!%%6?! ! AQ3-!).-!*%;???D!B%+!'%+50!)+!,..&!*;!<++&!%@!&+.1+&+*C!AR3-!++&50!<.0!,&(*6+*C! M(+&-!%2???CD! ! AH%+!1++*!'%+(0+?D!B()!%*,+&:&.6!'+!0+&<()/!(6!,+!:.&'.*!..*!3+0!<+*6+*!<.5!+*! /(+0!++*!9(*1+&!/.*15!'()*!6..6/()*!1/(),+*?!AX%'-!<+!1..*?D!

!

d!


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h!(6!3+:!1++*!.;0%?!O..&!(5!,(+!9.*!)%;CD!86!,++,!'()*!:+50!%'!&;50(1! 0+!:/()9+*-!'..&!9.*:(**+*!<.5!(6!0%0../!9.*!,+!6..&0?!H(0!1(*1!.//+'../!*(+0!9%/1+*5!'()*! 1+<%*+!&%;0(*+!+*!,.0!:+9(+/!'+!0%0../!*(+0?! ! A86!:+*!%@!,+!'%0%&!1+6%'+*?!O(/!)+!,..&!++*!&(0)+!%@!'.6+*CD! ! AR+*!'%0%&CD!N++-!,.0!1(*1!*(+0!<+&6+*?!Y++*!.=30+&:.6!%'!4()*!/()6!(*!0+! 9+&9%+&+*-!+*!(6!1(*1!3+0!+=30!*(+0!%@!3+0!50;;&!:./.*=+&+*?!M;(0+*!,.0!<(50!(6!*(+0!++*5! 3%+!(6!4%D*!,(*1!'%+50!:+50;&+*?!AR3-!<+!*+'+*!'()*!.;0%!<+/?!H..&?D! ! J+&<()/!(6!*..&!,+!@(=6];@!/(+@-!3(+/@!(6!'+4+/2!3+&(**+&+*!,.0!(6!'%+50!<.*6+/+*?! 86!3%%@0+!,.0!3()!4%;!,+*6+*!,.0!(6!++*!3%%@!,&.*6!.=30+&%9+&1+5/.1+*!3.,?! ! AH.=30!,.0!)+!1++*!.;0%!3.,-D!&(+@!3()!'+!*.?! ! 86!3(+/,!.:&;@0!3./0!+*!,&..(,+!'+!*..&!3+'!%'?!G3(0-!,.0!3.,!(6!(*,+&,..,! 1+4+1,?! ! AH(+!<.5!(6!0%0../!9+&1+0+*-D!/%%1!(6!/;=30(1?!AH+*6!,.0!(6!0+!9++/!3+:!1+,&%*6+*?! O(/!)()!&(),+*CD! ! AN++-!,.*6!)+-D!6<.'!4()*!.*0<%%&,!%1+*:/(66+/()6?!L'!,+!++*!%2!.*,+&+!&+,+*! <+&60+!4()*!%9+&,&+9+*!M&(05+!.==+*0!%@!'()*!4+*;<+*?! ! 86!@&%:++&,+!3+0!<++&!'+0!++*!5=3+9+!1/('/.=3?!B()!'i[50!.=30+&!3+0!50;;&?!W()*! <.@+*!4.0!(*!'()*!&+=30+&:&%+65@()@-!..*1+4(+*!(6!3(+&9ii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e(0+(*,+/()6!3(+/,!(6!3+0!*(+0!'++&!;(0!+*!2/.@0+!(6!,+!++&50+!9&..1!+&;(0!,(+!(*!'+! %@6<.'?! ! AB%+!3++0!)+CD!

!

g!


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a.&,i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

!

j!


Nachtjagers halverwege het graf