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Study of Dudley Pond 1978-1979

John Larkin

Study of Dudley Pond

1978 - 1979

John Larkin

Page 1 of 99


Study of Dudley Pond 1978-1979

John Larkin

INDEX

1. Map - scale 500' per inch Contours Watershed area Most lpt divisions Wetlands Pa'O'ed Roads Town-owned land Lots apparently. available for development Storm drain discharge points Public access points 2.

Introduction - from Larkin Study

3.

Physical and Morphological Characteristics

'.

a. Pond

Larkin Study description

Depth map and methodology - Larkin Study

Depth ~ap - 1912 - Town Records

Bottom type map - Larkin Study

Morphometric data - Larkin Study

b. Watershed Map - USDA-SCS 1965 Advance 80il survey, color coded, scale 1-=13; Soil code identification and limitations for land use Map - USDA-SCS 1965, scale 1-=1320', Degree of limitation for home Map - USC & GS I

4. History of Development of Area

Introduction from Dudley. Pond Association statement to Selectmen History - .Larkin StUdy Current/Future development

..

Recreational Uses of Pond

Weekend boat counts .

• 6. Local • Ordinances and Practices

Document releasing pond from Boston Water system - 1916 Act of 1935 empowering Selectmen to regUlate recreational use Current regUlations governing pond and its shoreline Current ~oning map Zoning By-Laws governing use Road Management practices Storm water practices Sewage practices, including data on septic systems near pond Wa.ter supply

7. Plant and ,Algae Survey 1978 - Larkin Study. 8.

Methodology.

Chemical and Blologival surveys a. 1978 Larkin Study, methodology, water treatment history b. 1978 Board of Health data - Arnold Greene Labs c. 1979 Board of Health testing program speoifications d. 1979 Test reSUlts from rEP, Inc.; done by Reitzel Associates Page 2 of 99


Study of Dudley Pond 1978-1979

John Larkin

Introduction

Page 3 of 99


Study of Dudley Pond 1978-1979

John Larkin

DUDLEY POND STUDY

:~

INTRODUCTION

Dudley Pond is located in the Village of Cochituate , in the Town of Wayland , Massachusetts • It is in Middlesex County

I

Approx~mately

16 miles west of the City of Boston.

It is situated just northeast of Lake Cochituate , and between two major roadways , Route 126 (Old Connecticut Path) and Route 27 . These roadways run parallel to the western and eastern sections of the pbnd

I

respectively . The pond is

found on the Natick and Framingham Quadrangles of the U.S. Dept. of the

Inte~ior

Geological Survey maps • Both Quadrangles

contain a portion of the pond • The pond is fed by rainfall and·an inlet on the

.

southeastern shore (location map key T-21) . The inlet flows ~ ~ ~ ~d

~

jEd])";' . .

!

,wb;

J

qilg/l

a marshy area

There are many theories that the pond is spring fed • but in the course of this studY.f there has been no evidence to SUPPO!t such a hypothesis • There could be a slow flowing aquifer beneath the ground level that feeds water to the pond , but at this time it remains only in theory

I

with some

biological evidence pointing towards the possibility (.

~~~

The outlet of the pond is located in the extreme Page 4 of 99


Study of Dudley Pond 1978-1979

John Larkin

INTRODUCTION

northeast corner of the pond's shoreline (see location map key B-27) • The , run-off from this outlet forms "Dudley Brook". which follows a northeast to northerly direction • and emptys into the Sudbury River . Thereby , Dudley Pond is part of the Sudbury River waterohed • A public beach is located on the

extr~me

western

shoreline (location map key N-1) , and is a very popular bathing beach during the summer months. Approximately 80

~

of the shoreline :58 privately owned • with the remaining portion owned by. the Town of Wayland. The M.D.C. aqueduct is located along the notheastern shoreline (location map key

Dudley Pond has three boat accesses and they .are located ~t

. the town beach (IDcation map key N-l) • at the eastern

shoreline off DUdley Road (location map key J-24) , and at the end of Matthews Drive on the eastern-southeastern shoreline (location map key Q-22) Dudley Fond was chosen for this study because of the following reasonSt 1. Intense pUblic interest 2. Close proximity to dense residential Page 5 of 99


Study of Dudley Pond 1978-1979

John Larkin

IN'l'IWDUC'J1 ION

J. A

noticable reduction in water quality

affecting the pond I s use eo ~ na'tiH"a.t rt.1BOUr~e

4. A

possib~e health hazard

in regards to the

bacteriological contamination and low transparency affecting bather safety "

5. "

Possible reblamation , management and

. restoration of recreational aspects.

6. The lack of sufficient data as to enable classification of the pond under the

..J

Massachusetts Lakes Program

7. Data collection for

th~

, f

participation.in

. the State's prog~am ~f restoration through "

)

,,­

/

the

I

Dept~

of

Environme~tal

Quality Engineering

8. Fulfillment of the .required data needed for S~ction

)14 •

PL-~2-500

,of the Federal

.Lakes Program

9. To eol1ect dnl.:l that will the Pc J> t..

of

0

f

F i :: 11

F~nvirol1:'1ental

Town of W0.yland

,~

be helpful to

Wi 1 d 1 i f (' • the De pt.

Pollution Control, the

,( It's

conr~t'rvntion

committee

Brd. of Heal tl1 • :111<1 the Dudley Pond assn.) Page 6 of 99


Study of Dudley Pond 1978-1979

John Larkin

Physical and Morphological

Characteristics

Page 7 of 99


Study of Dudley Pond 1978-1979

John Larkin

\'OND ~';'I'UDY

DUD LEY

CHARi\C TERIST IC S

J'HY~~ reAL

Dudley Pond has an unusual shape . It looks like a "horseshoe" and appears- that" way from the satelli te photos .

A peninsula runs into the middle of three basins • The peninsula resembles a glacial esker , with an elevation of . approximately fouty feet higher than water level . The southern and northern

b~sins

of the pond are shallow with

an average depth of 5 to 6 ft. depending on the season. The western basin is the deepest of the three and has an average depth of approximately 17 ft.

'ftw basins could be formed

by the phenomenon of glacial action called "kettle holes" .

Kettle holes can be very dl'Pp and

::30tlJ(~ nt;c

found to be shallow.

They are fOrf!led when the ~l:tcial lce remains lmmelted for

laree

pil~cc:-;

of

they theTTiselvc0 bob'lL'en two fa rfTlS

0r'

lCP

;;w.lL

i1l1~n

• l\.

form ho] t':;!,pr

(,:~

or" l\cti,lc hole:.> when

i:: "Conned by rocks falling

mon' :""'P:ll":lt.l~ l'll'C(':: ('I' '11I~.1 Ll",(~ :~l:lcial ic('

Page 8 of 99


Study of Dudley Pond 1978-1979

John Larkin

00

l'IIY:.; ll:/\\.

CIlI\I\I\C'I'EH IS'I·JC;.~

square miles. 'rhe r:;horcline is approximately 15,100 ft.

or

2.86 miles in length. ThemaximullI length of the water body is 3,475 ft.

, wit.h the maximum effective length being 2,800

ft . . The maximum width is 2,000 ft.

, with the maximum

effective width being 1,825 ft . . The mean width is 989 ft .. Dudley has a mean depth of 7.1)6 ft.

, Which is an

indication of the"sh::lliowness" of the water . The deep hole , or the greatest depth iG 28 ft.

(location map key N-l1) and

is in the western basin . The volume varies as per season , but the average is approximately 556.822 acre-feet, or 18),500,000 gallons The development of shore] ine ratio of Duchey IS 2.) , and the de':elorment of volume is 0.76 . Tl1e cone of basal volume

.

is 32,08),3J3 cubic feet.

sunlight to

the

Th

i :;

t'ur t.h

t'C;lC!l

:llld

O(~(:llr:;

H:

Gnu

butLorn • Dudlc'Y

lit

[la:~i

r::;

1,',I.(~ ::I'rtnG

j:;

• 1'Ill:lT

01'

l~:ll'l.v

Page 9 of 99

:\

i:~

very productive pond

lltl'.\'l~v/'r

~~\Ill1l1lf~r allil

,

;1

v(~ry

J:l:~I.:: llntil


Study of Dudley Pond 1978-1979

John Larkin

l-'HYSICAL

"'

OHARI\CTEHIS'rICS

early or late fall. There is a very definitive thermocline in the hot summer months .. The deep basin receives very little sunlight and is not very productive, but is rather a veritable sprin~

"storehouse" of nutrients. The

and fall turnovers (due

to temperature changes) mix the stored nutrients and allow them to be distributed throughout the water area

I

that in turn

supply the food source-for aerobic bacteria and algae blooms. Very much of the "evidence" described as related to the pond being spring fed

I

can be attributed to the cold water sinking

into the basin (western) and cauAing what appears to be rising water from a spring, an temperature differences on the sur fae e can be fel t (phys it: ally) chane; ing . Convec tion currents are found during the spring and fall due to the unequal heating

â&#x20AC;˘ of the pond water (or the unequal cooline) The water level drops below the outlet spillway after June until the fall precipitation riues the pond water level. During the winter months than the spillway . Even though through the the brook

oqtlf~t

Gain~;

I

Lhe water 'level is higher D1111 1c y docs not

S

u T> ply water

into "Dudley nrook" dllrinr: .July <lnd AUGust

it':~

flow from

l~rl1\1I1d

Page 10 of 99

w,I1:p.r Lh:t1, can be

I

vi~~ably


Study of Dudley Pond 1978-1979

John Larkin

CII;\J\i\C'I'EJ\r:~'I'lC:::;

l'IIY:;JC,I\1.

seen bubbl ing to the

:.:~urr:.lce

of the brook

• directly on" ~

the other side of the M.D.C. aqueducL pipeline

This could

be due to a leak in that same pipeljtw that .l8 in close proximity The bottom of" Dudley is mostJ.y s i l t . In the shallow basins this silt can be stirred up by very little surface action (see section on motorboats) pond

• In come places of the

• the muck is several fee t th i c1< • Hyd rogen SuI fid e gas ~-;urrace

can be seen bubhlinc; to the mucky areas.

,

of tlw water over these

Beneath the muck ann s i l t . nlong with decaying

vege ta tion • is sand 3.nd roc lw • Dud 1 (!y us cd to have a pred ominan tly sand y bo t tom • that is now mostly a 1] covered by black muck and s.i.Jt • The depth (recorded) and bottom

several

m::Jps

noting

c()tll.r)\lr~;) and

s h 0 r e\ inc . In the r e c en t y e::J r ~j traffic has washed

muc~11

()

r

but

t h c y arc t h \'

3.1 cl c r .

wa v e

:lC

1".11('

t ion

the shot'rl inc .i

Trees ;.trollnd the panel oak. rine • and bc:\GlwJ()od

;-:u 11:1:;

~lre:1

'I'h('r(~

J (';;:: : 11) I 11111 ; 111 L

I

:

Il

Ghare of the 0

f mot 0 r boa t

to the lIas ins .

mixtUl'r of mal'le • birch.

arC

~ I /I: II

many other .,:;

Wi

1 .1

(HV

varietie:~ •

C

h est nut

a tl d hue 1-: 1 P b err .'i ';'/11·'

:~l)

i I

v,ll'i c:;

:II'Olllld

Page 11 of 99

1.111'

l'IIJlri

f r ('Ill

:::lrldy

l.a

;,W:lrJl'

I


Study of Dudley Pond 1978-1979

John Larkin

SO I L l'ERe 0 LAtrlON

'l'E~T

RL~:? {\ \q~'6 f'f\C\\tcoJ

A soil percolation test Was run on the Northwestern shoreline The results were as follows:

. 6.75

minut8s per 1 inch

Page 12 of 99


Study of Dudley Pond 1978-1979

John Larkin

A bathymetric map of Dudley Pond was prâ&#x201A;Ź'pared in outline from an Air Photograph taken and put to scale by Northeast Airphoto, Assoc. , Inc. of Shrewsbury, Ma., and depth determinations ".

-.

were made by running several tranuects with a Garcia depth sounder (supplied by Dept. of Fish and Wildlife) and by

.

hundreds of hand-line soundines . Morphometric parameters were meanured with the Airphoto Map (lin.=100 ft. scale), with a compass , planimeter , and rotometer .

..

Page 13 of 99


Study of Dudley Pond 1978-1979

John Larkin

,.

DUDLEY

"

POND·

WAYIAND·

t

MA.

MAY

t

1978

2)

DEPTH

CONTOUR CHART

(broken line) nctes shallows

~r(

OUTLINE

FROM

NORTHEAST A IRPHOTO

SCALE -

1

INCH

.~

~

- --

\

= 500

FEET

BY

. iI ' "95.:.J-5 ,

Deep Hole

Page 14 of 99

JOHN LARKIN WAYIAND

• MA.


Study of Dudley Pond 1978-1979

John Larkin

Page 15 of 99


Study of Dudley Pond 1978-1979

John Larkin

) ,. l. - f

~ ~ _'

J.

DUDLEY

POND

POND BOTTOM TYPES

WAYLAND' • MA. MAY 2) • 1978

(JUNE 1;. 197,8)

a

Areas marked with * are sandy bottom

(Type 4) All other areas are muck (Type 5)

~P(

OUTLINE FROM

NORTHEAST AIRPHOTO

# 2585-)-5

SCALE - 1 INCH Page 16 of 99

= 500

FEET BY

JOHN LARKIN


Study of Dudley Pond 1978-1979

John Larkin

'l'ADLE 1 DUDLEY

1'()ND ~~'l'lrlJY

MORPHOMETRIC

l']W<Tl':c'r

DATA

Maximum length

J, 1~7)

feet

Maximum effective lenr:Lh

r~

, noo

fect

Maximum wid th

.2,000

feet

, t32 )

feet

:.:13

fc (~ t.

Mean depth

7.1J()

feet

Mean width

989

feet

Maximum effective '/Vidtll Maximum depth

Are2. O. 12~1

~;C1uarr~

miles

â&#x20AC;˘ Volume 24,SlCi,OOO

Shoroline

~',.100

:~

(\.

Page 17 of 99

.1

','(,';

r.ubic feet

feet


Study of Dudley Pond 1978-1979

John Larkin

WATERSHED

Cl~RACTERISTICS

Page 18 of 99


.. ~--._.~--

Study of Dudley Pond 1978-1979

John Larkin

M.A. 1

•• _ _

• •" . . . _ .

la'~lll!lIlI'~"""'--

TOWN LAND

-A

ADMINISTRATION

C

CONSERVATION

-R

RECREATION, PARK

S

SCHOOl

W

WATER

-

-w"

I

tl'0

WC~"'.N

A cqvIO\lC"r

M.ft .,'

Adapted from rigure V.l Wayland Conservation Com~ls.ion ~.8ter Plan with ennotations .howing changes during the period 1967-1976 ,-­

'-~~.v/

Page 19 of 99


Study of Dudley Pond 1978-1979

John Larkin

Page 20 of 99


Study of Dudley Pond 1978-1979

John Larkin

Page 21 of 99


Study of Dudley Pond 1978-1979

John Larkin

Page 22 of 99


Study of Dudley Pond 1978-1979

John Larkin

Page 23 of 99


Study of Dudley Pond 1978-1979

John Larkin

History of Development of the Area

Page 24 of 99


Study of Dudley Pond 1978-1979

John Larkin

, '----'

I

THE POND WAS USED AS A FISHING CAMP AND AS A SUMMER RESORT IN THE EARLY PART OF THE NINETEEN HUNDREDS.

IN 1916 IT STARTED TO UNDERGO EXTENSIVE

,

SUBDIVISION. THERE ARE PLANS ON FILE WITH THE WAYLAND TOWN SURVEYOR SHOWING THE PARCELING OF LOTS WITH FRONTAGE AS SMALL AS TWENTY FEET FOR LOTS WITH LAND OF LESS THAN ONE-EIGHTH ACRE WHICH WERE LIKELY TO HAVE CONTAINED INSUFFICI ENT SPACE TO SUPPORT ADEQUATE SEPTIC SYSTEMS. A LOCAL NEWSPAPER RECENTLY REPORTED THAT THE PROMOTIONAL EFFORTS FOR THE SUBDivISioNS INCLUDED EVENTS SUCH AS LOTTERIES AT MOVIE

HOUSES~

THIS

TYPE OF INTENSIVE LAND USE WAS OBVIOUSLY ECOLOGICALLY UNINFORMED AND WOULD NOT BE ACCEPTABLE BY TODAY'S STANDARDS. SINCE THEN. THERE HAS BEEN A PROGRESSIVE EFFORT BY THE TOWN TO REGOVER FROM THE DAMAGING EFFECTS OF THIS INTENSIVE DEVELOPMENT THROUGH THE CONSOLIDATION OF LAND PASCELS AND THE UPGRADING OF SEPTIC SYSTEMS.

)

~\OUJ....,Q.,.~\

~.

~ \.>sl1--.~ ~ ~ \ 0-0 lu-LU OA ~ \o~U2 ~ ~ ~ \ ~ OY\ D\I\,~ ____ ~~\:C1l9_.~ ~'2gtO%i1' Q ~ t?"C ~ ~ . .

Page 25 of 99


Study of Dudley Pond 1978-1979

John Larkin

DUDLEY POND STUDY - HISTORY

DUdley Pond in Wayland , Massachusetts , used to be a pristine body of fresh water • In 1959 , archaeologists found evidence (Mansion Inn site) that Dudley was the habitat of archaic indian tribes • They were labeled "the Soapstone Indians" , for the relics found were made of soapstone • The clean water of Dudley (along with it's neighbor, Lake Cochituate) was used as the first pUblic water supply for the City of Boston, and was pumped into Boston Common in 1848 • Around the turn of the 1900's • the connecting pipeiine to Lake Cochituate was closed and Boston­ received it's

w~ter

,

elsewhere. yet Dudley was still used to

supply fresh ice • In the winter months • Ice was cut from the~ond

and sold commercially. The Ice House is indicated

on an old 1912 map of the pond ( location R-2) on location key map - also see 9/1)/12 map) • After the pond was no longer used to supply Boston's water, it became open for pUblic use' and recreation . The pond soon grew into acclaim as one of the best large mouth bass fishing spots in the state • Clear , clean water was another of DUdley's prominent features . Many long time residents of the pond .

'.

recall how clear and translucent the water used to be • Page 26 of 99


Study of Dudley Pond 1978-1979

John Larkin

ATTACHMENT

DUDLEY POND STUDY - HISTORY

Dudley Pond remained fairly clean and biologically balanced up to the 50's • When Lake Cochituate was closed for swimming due to biologicai reasons , Dudley still tested out to be "safe" • It was during the late 50's and early 60's that indications of a speeded up eutrophication process began • In the 60's , Dudley was begining to get choked with weeds and pond lillya • Fresh water jellyfish, such as the Medusa spp. , began to dissapear along with large bass and pickerel • The motorboats were very prevalent , and many boaters took sport in running'over the many muskrats that dwelled on the pond • Soon , the

popul~tion

of the largest

herbivore (muskrat) was diminished and the pond lilly <I

growth began to be uninhibited • Because of the aquatic plants becoming a nuisance to recreation (mostly motorboats) Dudley was treated with chemicals to inhibit weeds and lillys • The first recorded treatment was in 1968 (see water treatment data). Since that time, DUdley has received periodic chemical treatments , and has had algae blooms occuring each year • During

~he

70's, the speed limit on the pond (for boats)

was lifted to allow waterskiers • Dudley Pond is now Page 27 of 99

..

:~'~


Study of Dudley Pond 1978-1979

John Larkin

ATTACH~ENT

WATER TREATMENT DATA - DUDLEY POND STUDY

1968 - Reported treatment 1969

I

no Data

None reported

1970 - 63 gallons of Silvex (Kuron , 245 TP) Diquad

J

J

140

~allons

504 pounds of Copper Sulfate

1971 - No Data 1972 - No Data 197) - No Data 1974 - Silvex (Kuron , 245 TP) 26 gallons or 0.5 ppm per

1)

acres

& Aquathol - K 4) gallons or 0.5 ppm .(unspecified areas)

1975 - Na Data 1976 - Aquazine (Geigy Co.) 840 lbs. & 14 gallons Silvex (Kuron, 245 TP) scattered treatment 1977 - Treated but No Data 1978 - 500 pounds Aquazine

Information from D.E.Q.E - M.M. Boschetti - Program Administrator (The~e

is the possibility that the pond was treated during

the years that have "No Data" , but there was no record of such. Also, there have been'private not filed or recorded) Page 28 of 99

treatm~n~s

that were


Study of Dudley Pond 1978-1979

John Larkin

..

ATTACHMENT

.

~

'I

,,~',

DUDLEY POND - HISTORY

over-fished for bass • over-boated by skiers • over-nourished with nitrates and phosphates • and is in a severe state of eutrophication as well as sUffering from "recreational fatigue". Dudley Pond is now biologically imbalanced • Some species have become

rapidly extinct • while other

"nuisance" organisms and species are thriving • In the spring months • Dudley is choked with filamentous green algae • And in the latter weeks of summer. the pond's color is turned to pea-green

fro~

the blue-green algae blooms •

The "once clean

t '

waters of this "Great Pond" must

now be listed with other ponds and lakes that are also in a severe state • and far from the pristine body of water that

..

they once were • DUdley pond is located in the village of Cochituate , the name

of the village translates from the

ind ian meaning of "clear rushing water" • A her! tags from the past is now a goal for the future •

"-"

Page 29 of 99


Study of Dudley Pond 1978-1979

John Larkin

CURRENT DEVELOPMENT The level of development is very high. The only parcels available for building which meet the current zoning require足 ments are indicated in red on the large map, and there are only a few of them. A rough count indicates that less than one-third of the lots in the watershed meet the current zoning of 20,000 square feet. Some of the lots, particularly near the water, are as small as 5,000 square feet. Most of the homes in the aatershed are now permanent, year足 round dwellings. A street and household list for the watershed has been comp足 iled.

FUTURE DEVELOPMENT Doran Road - East side of pond, between it and Main Street . The Wayland Housing Authority applies every year for funding for an Elderly Housing project of up to 95 units. It will be sited on a 7.2 acre parcel of town-owned land. (Location is marked on the large map). The Director of the Housing Authority expects that public private funding will be obtained in the next five years. Only

pr~liminary

unit-siting plans have been drawn.

Page 30 of 99

0

r


Study of Dudley Pond 1978-1979

John Larkin

I

I 500

FEET

D

ONE

ACRE

SECOND OF TWO MAPS SHOWING HOW SMALL LOTS AROUND DUDLEY POND HAVE BEEN CONSOLIDATED. THIS MAP SHOWS THE SITUATION AS OF 1 JANUARY 1977. THE SYMBOLS - ADJACENT TO SHORELINE LOTS INDICATE THAT EACH SUCH LOT IS PART OF THE LOT ON THE OTHER SIDE OF THE ROAD. c==JLAND NOW IN TOWN OWNERSHIP.

-----STREETS LAID OUT BUT NOT IN USE. Page 31 of 99


Study of Dudley Pond 1978-1979

John Larkin

Recreational Uses of Pond

Page 32 of 99


Study of Dudley Pond 1978-1979

John Larkin

RECREATIONAL USE

1. Swimming Access is informal.

There are no facilities, such as

changing houses or toilets.

Area residents are assumed to

be the primary users.

2. Boating/Fishing

There are three boat access points on DUdley Pond - at the beach; at the end of Matthews Drive, and off DUdley Road on the eastern shore.

Again, there are no formal facilit­

ies, such as ramps. There is a Pond Patrol Officer on duty on weekends during the summer. (Noon to 6 p.m.)

He is empowered to enforce

the town's regUlations. Over-powered boats can be asked to leave the poad - this has been done recently. The Patrol Officer will keep boat counts during the summer of 1979 •

Page 33 of 99


Study of Dudley Pond 1978-1979

John Larkin

BOAT COUNT Date

Type Rowboat

7~8

Canoe

4

Sailboat

2

Fishing

4

Skier

4

t

Page 34 of 99


Study of Dudley Pond 1978-1979

John Larkin

Local Ordinances and Practices

Page 35 of 99


Study of Dudley Pond 1978-1979

John Larkin

/.'\]':;;t~~fi~;!~'!;~F.;~:}~~". .

"

:

~ ...-...

I'

. ~---

KNOW ALL MEN BY THESE

PR}i~::.ENTS"

That we" Henry P. Walcott, Edward A. MoLaughlin and Thomas F.. r-uyer l the Metropolitan Water and Sewerage Boarn" duly constituted and ap­ pointed under the provisions of chapter 168 of the Acta of the Leg­ islature of MaseachuBetts of the yearl90l, by virtue of the power and authority oonferred upon said Board by oaid act and by ohapter 94 t

I

\ -I

.' }

of the General Aots of the year 1916, entitled "An Act to

exol~de

Dudley ,Pond in- t'lle Town pf Wayland from the-Metropolitan Water E'yetetr.·,

·1

.;

do hereby remise, release, qUitolaim and ,transfer to the Tcwn of Wayland, a municipal

oorpo~ation

within the County of Middlesex and

,I

Commonwealth of Massaohusetts, all

inte~est

in and oontrol over the

waters of DUdley Pond in said town of Wayland, includir.g all

1nt~rest

therein, which the Commonwealth or Bfiid Board now has, however ac­ quired. TO HAVE AND TO HOLD the said released premises to said Town of Wayland and its successors and assigns, to its and their own use and baAoo! forever. And said'Town, by its selectmen, hereby aocepts ~l

~th

together

this release

the control and regulation of said waters and Without

further obligation or lio.bili ty there for on the part of the Common­ wealth or

~a1d

Board, the Baid Board agreeing, in aocornance

~ith

the

f'

said last-named statute, to olose and

ter~inate

the existing oonnec­

tion between Lake Coch1tuate and Dudley Pond and that said Pond ahall no longer be used as a Bource of water supply by the lletropol1tan Water District. IN

WITNE~S

WHF.REOF we, the oald Henry P.

Page 36 of 99

W~lcott,

Ed\vard A.


Study of Dudley Pond 1978-1979

<.-

~._-_'-""~

John Larkin

-,

MoLaughlin and.Thomas E. Dwyer l the Metropolitan Water and Sewerage Board aforesaid l 'and we, Charles A. Benaon l Frank Haynes and George W. B}shop, Selectmen of the town of Wayland, have hereto set our handa and seals this fourteenth day of April in the year one thousand nine

hundred and sixteen.

METROPOLITAN WATER AND SEWERAGE

,­ -'

.Ii

.. '

~-"

j

'J

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COMMONWEALTH OF MASSACHUSETTS.

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SUffolk.. ss •.. Then pexeonally

April a~peared

)L.I,

the above-named Henry P. Walcott, Edward

A~'YoLaugh11n and Thomas·E. Dwyer .. the Metropolitan Water and Sewer­

age Board .. and aoknowledged the foregoing inAtrument to be their free aot and deed, Before· me, Justice of the Peace.

.

1916.

.~

Page 37 of 99


Study of Dudley Pond 1978-1979

John Larkin

GF;NEnAL ACTS,

All

I91G. -

CHAPS.

ACT TO EXCLUDE DUDLEY POND lX TIIY. TOWN OF WAY路 LA~'D

71

94, 95.

Chap. 94

FROM TIlE IItETHorOLITAN WATER SYSTEM.

Be it e1zacted, etc., 0-3 follows: SECTION 1. The metropolitan water nnd foCwcrnge board .. . b 路 h mny cJo~e an d t ermmate t e eXlstmg connectIOn etwccn

Dulll"y JlOntl In Wn\'lanll nrluri.-d from

Lake Cochituate and Dudley pond in the town of ",,"ayland, :::::~i~~. and may transfer and release to said town all interest in and control over the wnters of ~id pond. Thereafter Dudley pond shall not be used as n source of wnter supply by the metropolitan water district or by any eity or town, nor shall it be allowed to overflow into Lake Cochituate or be connected with the water supply of said district or of any city or town, and the pond shall be subject to the control and regulation of the town of Wayland which is hereby authorized to impose penalties for the violation of any regu~ lations made by said town in respect to the said pond. SECTION 2. This act shall take effect upon its pns..'Ulge.

Approud April 8, 1916.

ACTS, 1935. -

CUAPS.

135

127, 128.

AN ACT RELATIVE TO THE COl"TnOL OF DUDLEY POND IN THE TOWN OF WAYLAND.

Be it enacted, etc., as follows: SECTION!. The town of Wayland, through its board of selectmen, may from time to time make rules f\.nU rcgllln颅 tions ns to the erection, maintcna.nce and control of all publio bnth houses on the shores of Dudley pond in said town. SECTION 2. The board of selectmen of said town may !'rom time to time make rules and regulations governing fishing, boating, bathing, skating and other recreational activities in or on Duelley pond in so.id town. Such rules and regulations relative to fishing sh:l.l1 be subject to the approv3.1 of the division of fisheries and game of the state department of conservation, and such other rules nnd regulations shall be subject to the approval of the state department of publie works, and when so npproved shall have the force of law. SECTION 3. Any police officer of s:l.id town may patrol any part of the waters of snid lako and shall have nuthority .to arrest any person Violating nny law of the common颅 wenlth in, on or adjncent ~,o the waters of snid pond or violating any rule or regula ion estnblished under this act. SECTION 4. The violati n of Itoy rule or regulation established under this net hall be pnnished by a fine of not more than twenty dolla...,. SECTION 5. Nothing in ~hjs act shall be construed to abridge the powers aDd dut ~s of said department of public works under chapter ninct) one of the General Laws. Approved April 2, 1936.

Page 38 of 99

Chap. 127 .


Study of Dudley Pond 1978-1979

John Larkin

TOWN OF WA YLAND

RULES AND REGULA TrONS

GOVERNiNG THE USE OF DUDLEY POND

AND ITS SHORELINE

1. General 1. 1

These Rule s only supplement all present or future boating .and safety regulatione of the Commonwealth of MaBeachuseth, and do not alter, amend, or replace them in any respect. Pamphlets explaining the State regulations o which must aho be observed, should be obtained from Ute Division of Marine & Recreational Vehicles, 64 Causeway Street, Boston, Massachusetts 02114.

1. 2

No fuel, trash, brush. ·or waste shall be disposed of in or on the Pond, or on Town property !urrounding the Pond, except in recep­ tacle! provided for this purpose.

1. 3

Fires shall be con£ined to permanent fireplaces or to portable fire. proof containers. When the individuals using a fire de part. they shall extinguish it and remove any portable container.

1.4

Consumption or possession ot alcoholic beverages on the Pond and Town property adjacent to the Pond is prohibited.

1.5

During emergency or overcrowded conditions. the Pond Patrol Officer may limit or suspend recreational use of the Pond and adjacent Town property.

I: 6

A nightly curfew, prohibiting any use or occupancy of all Town prop­ erty adjacent to the Pond. shall be observed between ilie hours of 10:00 P.M. and 4:00 A.M •

a.

Upon written application the Selectmen may issue a special permit to an individual or identifiable organization for use or occupancy of Town proper ty between the hour 8 of 10:00 P.M. and 4:00 A. M.

b.

If, on the written report oC two hou8eholds neighboring Town property or of the Police Department o the Selecttnen deter­ mine that there is a danger that a riot'or other fonn of civil disturbance may occur, or that an extended curfew is neces­ sary for the public saCety or welfare, the Selectmen may extend the curfew to the hours Crom sunset to sunrise by causing notice of such extenRion to be posted on the premlBes.

Page 39 of 99


Study of Dudley Pond 1978-1979

John Larkin

- 2 ­ c.

In either of the· preceding cases tile Selectmen (1) may limit their action to speciCled areas or include all Town property adjoining the Pond; (2)

shall provide the Police Department with copies of any special permits or posted notices; and

(3) shall state the duration of any permit or curfew

extension, neither of which may exceed one year.

II.

Boats, Craft, and Other Conveyances 2. 1

Definitions a.

The term "craft" as used herein shall mean all types of boats and conveyances intended for use on the Pond, including but not limited to: boats, canoes, kayaks. sailboats, catamarans. motorboats, speed boats. and hydroplanes; where the context so requires or permits. it shall also include ice boats and snowmobiles"

b.

The term "headway speed" as used herein shall mean the slowest speed at which a motor-powered cra£t may be oper­ ated and maintain steerage way, but in no case to exceed six (6) miles per hour.

2.2

All craft using DUdley Pond and Town-owned portions of its shoreline must be certified and registered in accordance with the laws of l:he Commonwealth of Massachusetts.

2.3

From sunset to sunrise, no motor-powered craft shall be operated on the Pond at more than headway speed.

2. 4

~rom sunset to sunrise, an~ at any other time when visibility is poor. each craft shall exhibit a light sufficient to make its preaence discern­ ible. During such ti~le s, motor - powered craft ahall exhibit the following lights:

..

a.

A bright white light aCt, to show all around the horizon.

b.

A combined lantern in the [ore part of. the vessel and lower

tha n the wh.ite ligh t aft- _showing green to sta rboard and red to port--so fixed as to throw the light {rom right ahead to two points abaft the beam on their respective sides. 2.5

Every motor-powered craft shall be equipped with an efficient whi8t1e, horn, or other ~ound-rroclucing mechanical appliance, for emergency URP. o1lly. Page 40 of 99


Study of Dudley Pond 1978-1979

John Larkin

'.

- 3 ­

'.

.' ­

2.6

Personal floatation devices shall be carried aboard all craft in accordance with the requiren1ents for recreational boats as established by the U. S. Coast Guard.

2. 7

The exhaust of every motor- powered craft shall be effectively muf­ fled by a muffler or underwater exhaust.

2.8

No person shall operate any craft while he or she is under the influ­ ence of intoxicating liq nor, barbitura tes, narcotic s, or hallucinogenic drug s, including rna rijualla.

2.9

No person shall operate any craft, water skis. surfboard, or similar device in a negligent manner so that the lives or safety of the public might be endangered.

2. 10

Tile operator of any motor-powered craft involved in a boating acci­ dent shall file. with the Division of Motorboats, copy to the Wayland Police Department. a full description of Buch boating accident, within live (5) days, or if death results from such accident, within -forty­ eight (48) hours.

2. 11

All craft must always be operated safely, courteously, and at a safe distance to prevent their wash from being thrown into or causing ex­ cessive rocking to swimmers, fioats, rafts, bathing beaches, and other cra ft.

2. 12

No motor-powered craft traveling at more than headway speed, and no water skier, shall pass within one hundred and fifty (150) feet of swim­ mer s. rafts, floa ts, or other craft.

2. 13

Where the operator's vision is obscured, on bends and curves, motor­ powered craft shall be operated at no more than headway speed.

2. 14

Noq motor-powered craft shall tow another craft (except in an emergency).

Z. 15

Sailboats and other non-powered craft shall have the right motor- powered c ra ft, except when overtaking.

2. 16

When a non-powered craft is in a narrow strait. motor-powered craft must veer away.

2. 17

No craft shall travel faster than a speed that is safe, reasonable, and proper under existing conditions.

2. 18

The following speed limits shall be observed by all motor-powered craft:

Page 41 of 99

at way over


Study of Dudley Pond 1978-1979

John Larkin

- 4 颅

III.

IV.

a.

from 10:00 A.M. to sunset twenty-two (22 mph) miles per hour, unless towing a water-skier; and

b.

[rom sunset to 10:00 A.M. six (6 mph) miles per hour.

Water Skiing

3.1

Water skiing, aquaplaning, and similar activities shall be permitted, using accepted water skiing, aquaplaning. and similar devices. These activities shall be limited to the period [rom 10:00 A.M.路 to sunset.

3.2

A speed limit of thirty-five (35 mph) miles per hour shall be ouserved by each motor -powered craft engaged in towing a water skier.

3.3

When a person is being towed on water skis, an aquaplane. or similar device, there must be a per son in the towing craft in addition to the operator. in a position to observe the person being towed: such craft must also be equipped wUh a ladder. steps, or similar means by which the person being towed can be assisted from the water into the craft.

3.4

Water-skiing t.ow ropes shall be limited to a maximum of sixty (60) ft-d in length. and no craft shall tow more than one skier at a time,

Courses and Routes Aroul1d the Pond 4.1

Swimming buots and nagged buoy markers. one hundred and fifty (150) feet [rom shore. are placed per authorization o[ the Selectmen.

4. Z

Craft are to be operated with extreme caution between such buoys and tIle shoreline when heading to and from opten water. In this area craft may not exceed headway speed as defined above.

4. 3

~wimming

is not permitted, from 10:00 A.M. to sunset within the n\arked areas for operation of motor-powered craft (that is. beyond Ule swimming buoys and flagged buoy markers).

4.4

Motor-powered craft should travel in a counterclockwise direction when cruising for plea sure, trolling, or towing a skier.

Page 42 of 99


,

Study of Dudley Pond 1978-1979

John Larkin

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路RESIDENl 路.60,000-: .....

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Page 43 of 99


Study of Dudley Pond 1978-1979

John Larkin

• I,

SINGLE RESIDENCE DISTRICTS Section V

SEcnON V SINGLE RES. OIST.

In a single residence district no building or premises shall be used and no building or structure shall be erected which is intended or designed to be used in whole or in part for the landing or tnking off of aircraft or for any indwtty, trnde, manufacturing or commercial purposes except ns provided jn paragraph (1) or for other than the following specified purposes. (n)

A single detached dwelling for not more than one family.

(b)

The office of a doctor, dentist, or other member of a recognized profession, n tenchpr, or musi­ cian or real estate or insurance agent residing on the premises, provided there is no display of advertising except for a small' professional name plate, and provided further that a special permit is obtained from the Board of Appenls, in accord­ ance with the provisions of Section V (r).

Office

(c)

Customary home occupation sue-h liS dressmak­ ing·, millinery, the letting of rooms, the sale of antiques, nil conducted py resident owner only, provided there is no displny or advertising visible from outside except for nn announcement curd or sign of not more than two square fl'd IIrel\, and provided that a permit is obtained from the Board of Appeals in accordance with Scction V ( r). No dwelling so used shall he reconstmcted or enlarged for such purposes unless spcciRcnlly permitted under provisions of paragraph (r).

Oc:cUplltlon, ..-Id.nt owner

(d)

1. Schools, Public Libraries, Fire Stations, Art Museums, Churches, Parish Houses, Sunday Se-hool Buildings, Telephonc Ruildin~s, Parks, Water Supply Hescrvutions, Soldiers' and Sailors' Memorial Buildings.

Public bulldlnp

..

"

-

2. The buildings of Membership Clubs devoted

to outdoor sports nnd social ancl fl'CH'ationnl buildings and premises. except those :1. chid activit)' of which is one custolllarilr ('arri(~d on as a gainful husiJ1I'ss. providl'd a spl'('i;l1 pe!lnil is ohlailll'(l f rolll 111l' Board of t\ PI1I':ds as provide'd in ,~lIh-sl'l'lioll "r" or S('('liOIl ;-,. (i

Page 44 of 99

"..mb.... hlp club.


Study of Dudley Pond 1978-1979

John Larkin

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p<'~ ~- Co'.\' "...11" .. •• ;1S ,..4 W>t....~"'3 c'O .M(in,ed bot· s..cr,.."., ' . .:}S. :S'J ;",,1 'kt 0( C~er l2.l1\ •• 1 II ... ~l'flal l-dw•• IIC.tVC"N\ "ck'l"ofll padtllll·. ;"".'" 11"'1 dur, l·u,,~IIII'·I.-.: i.}' II •• : \\'.1)-1;111.1 J 1101".1111: A,,:l ... r- . ity lu.1\ Ill.,,, 11 .. 11 1111 ""'lIli:,,'s ~I ... II IH~ iISt'f\ fur ~IU-~ 1"If\H'''''' 1II1!"~'" the' .... ;'.\1" !Oil;'" II:Ive ­ nuth,'I,v.l.'d ... lIdl usc tl ... t' ,I lwu·ll.u-Js Vult·.

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Study of Dudley Pond 1978-1979

John Larkin

'"

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(j) Railroad passenger stations or rights of way including customary accessory services therein; not including switching, storage or freight ynrds or sidings.

SF:CTION V SINGLE RES. DIST. Railroad •• ",Ic.

_re ••

(k) Cemeteries, including "ny cremntory therein,

(1)

The term nccessory use shall not include nny

Acc...ory u.., , ..de.man'. pennH

activity conducted for gain or any walk or drive­ way giving access thereto, or Rny billboard Rd­ vertising sign or poster, except for small bulletin boards; provided, however, thnt n hullder, car­ penter, mason, plumber, painter, roofer, tinsmith, upholsterer, or mnchinist, who lives nnd main­ tains a home on tho premises, mny use an ncces­ sory building in connection with his trnde under n yearly pennit from the Boord of Appeals on condition that no manufacturing or other business requiring substantinlly continuous employment be cnrried on therein, nnd thnt the other con­ ditions of Section (r) be complied with. (m) No nccessory building shall be occupied for residence purposes. except that nn upper floor of n ~aragc or stable may he occllpi(·d hy an f employee of the owner or t(,llant of tlll~ premises, (m I,) Unless nuthorized by the Board of Selectmen, not more than onc unregistered and nn~ara~t'd motor vehicle shall he placed or p('nnitted to remain on any lot in n sin~l(' resid('JI('(' disrrlel. IIml no lInre~isll·n·t1l1nd \Illsi~htly motor v('hkl(' shall h(' pla('('{l or permilled 10 n'lIlaill ill 1111' frollt yard of lllly Slid. lot, Any 1)('r.~OIl so pilldll~ it motor vehi('k lind. if pla('ed (II' :dlowed 10

Acc...ory Bldll~ upper "DOr

Motor V.hk,", unre~l.tllnod

&

unlarased

rt'lI1aill wilh his or her know1fod~(' or NlIlsent.

,It(' OWlwr or 0\\'11('1'5 of tIll' motor n·lti('I(, and of tIl(' lot. shall ('a('h II(' punishahh' by a fill(' of nol ilIon' than Tw('nly Dollars fell (,1I('h oll'ellSf', Perlllits l)~, Hoal'd of AI/p('als RC(/Ilin'd

The Doanl of Appeals Illay ulldp.r restrictions whida will ('arry 0111 Ilu' pro\'isiollS of this by-law and \('11(1 10 protect 1I11d illlPW\'(' lhe ndl-:hhorhood dinTI ill \\'ri'ill~ lhe iSSllill~ of till' f(lllowiJl~ spedal (Jerrllils: Page 46 of 99

P.nnlt.

Boud of Appeal.


Study of Dudley Pond 1978-1979

John Larkin

(0) Boat or canoe livery, subject to provisions of Section (r).

SECTION V SINGLE RES. ( Hoelleeno, IIY,

(0) For yearly terms only, a roado;ide stand for the sale of the produce of the land of the owner nnd of other land within the Town. provided thnt the front yard regulations nnd nil other conditions imposed by the Board of Appeals me complied with. (p) Private gnrages for mow than three cnr!!, and stables hnving horses for hire.

(q) The removal of sod, IOllm nnd gravel, stolle or other earth materials from any premises in allY district, including such removnl to dfect topo­ graphical changes, shall be allowed only if per­ mission of the Board of Appeals be obtnined in nccordance with the procedure provided in pam­ graph (r) and only under such conditioml as the Board may impose, wllh the following exceptions:

1. Removal necc,<;sary for the construction or n/teration of a building for which II I)('nnit has heen issuc'd includill~ the installlltion of walks. drivcwa,!!, and otlwr nppllrh'nall(,('s to said bllilding, pro\'idin~ tlmt the IJIIl\nlily of material to be rrmo\'l'1! as certifiNl fo by n registered professional engineer or lalld sur­ veyor or the Town Surveyor does not excI'l·d that displaced by the building. walks. llriYI" ways, and other nppur!l·nam'('s.

~

2,

lkmoval from Town-owlll'll land hetwN'n or among such parcels.

011111

tran~kr

Nothing rontained III this SI,C'tion shall prlWI'nt the continued usc of any 1:111(1 for tl1l' pni-posl' for which it is tiSI'd at tlw timl' this Sedioll t:,kes effect or prevent tIll' lISI' of allY land for farms, ~nr<lens. nurseriC's. C'('nll'lt·ries. parks. play­ grounds and such pllrpos\'s 'as an~ illcil1t-lltal til or US\1al in ronnection with any of SAid pllrposes, Before a plTlltit is isslled. II\(' appliclInt sll:lll sho\\' to thc' satisfadioll of tllc' Board that IIlc' rC'1I10v:l1 will IIOt illipair 'lie Ilsahilil~' of 1111' :111';1 for lile !lIll'PtlSI'S pl'l'lIlillc'c1 ill litis 1,\'·law. 11,;11 Page 47 of 99

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Dr 101

quentlly perml


Study of Dudley Pond 1978-1979

John Larkin

the grades to be established within the area will permit vehicular access to the area and the con­ tinuation of streets from the abutting premises, and that the area may ultimately be developed compatibly with the neighboring land.

SECTION V SINGLE RES. DIST.

para, (q) com.

(q 1.) Removal of sod, loam, sand, gravel, or quarried stone from within a subdivision, the plan of which has been approved by the Planning Board and duly record<'d in Middlesex South District Hcgi!ltry of Deeds, shall be pcrmitlt>d when nnd to the extent that such is necessary for the law­ ful construction or alteration of n way shown on said plnn, or for the lawful instullation of utiJi­ ties or drain pipes or drain structures in said subdivision, provided thnt the quantity of sod, loom, sand, gravel, or qunrried stone so re­ moved shall not l':<('C{'(1 that in pla('t· in th{· particular spaee to be occupied by such way. utilities, drain pipes or drain StrU('hlfl~S, aud subject to any requirements made by the Plan­ ning Board endorsed or r<'ft'rrro to on the plan of such sub{livisioll. (r)

.

Where specinl permits qy the Hoard of Appenls are required under this and other sections, the building inspector or otht>r persons designated hy the Selectmen to issue permits as hereinafter provided. shall issue no permit until so directed in writing. Upon application for such a permit, the Board shall give public notice hy puhlication in a newspaper and hy mail to the applicant, and to the owners of all prop('rty dN'l1l('d hy tIl(' Board as affected by such II pennil. and shall hold R hearing and render a decision. The appli­ canl shall show to the satisfll{'tion or the Board lhat the uS{' of the prcmis('s for which applicalion is made SIIALL NOT BE ACAINST TIlE PUB­ LIC INTEHEST. SIIALL NOT DEHOCATE FHOM TIl E CII.\I\ACTlm OF Till': N 1~ICI1· BORllOOD IN WHICH SUCII USE IS TO OCCUH. shall 1101 h(' ddrillH'lllal or O"('Il.~i\"(' 1ll'(',tlIS(' of !loisl', "ihrnlioll, SIIlOk(" gns. rll II II'S. odor, dllsl or OrbIT ohj"('lion:d f"allln's. nlld 111:11 sll('h \lSI' shall 1101 ollu'r\\'iw Ill' illjllliolis 10 III(' III Page 48 of 99

wn«.n direction public notlc.


Study of Dudley Pond 1978-1979

John Larkin

inhabitants or their property, or dangerous to the public health or safety. When not so satisfied, the Board shall refuse a permit. When, in the opinion of the Board. such a permit mny be gmnted if accompnnled by conditions specially designated to safeguard the district and the Town, it shall impose such conditions and make them a part of the decision, and they shall he made a part of the permit issued by the build足 ing inspector, or other person designated by the Selectmen as hcrcinnIter provided.

11

Page 49 of 99

SECTION V

SINGLE RES. DIST, ptI". (r) cont. public: health

.peelll' cendnlenll


Study of Dudley Pond 1978-1979

John Larkin

PRACTICES

..

.

Page 50 of 99


Study of Dudley Pond 1978-1979

John Larkin

ROAD MANAGEMENT PRACTICES

All the roads around Dudley Pond are either paved or dirt. All the roads are plowed and sanded during the winter.

The

Highway ftepartment customarily uses m mix of 6-7 parts Band to one part salt. warrant.

The salt content is raised if conditions

The dirt roads need heavier sanding, as they hold

heat less well. In the Spring, the paved roads are swept, and as much debris as possible is removed. The dirt roads are graded three or four times a year, and treated for dust with either calcium chloride or used motor oil once during the summer.

The application may be repeated

if conditions warrant.

t

â&#x20AC;˘

Page 51 of 99


Study of Dudley Pond 1978-1979

John Larkin

Page 52 of 99


Study of Dudley Pond 1978-1979

John Larkin

SEWAGE DISPOSAL PRACTICES

~.

The entire town relies on on-site soil absorption sewage systems.

There is no mandatory inspection or maintenance

program.

The town has relatively few records or the systems k!lth.~:thEL.Board

in the Dudley Pond watershed - riling of plans

ct--Health has been required only within the last rew years. The Town expedts to build a septage disposal facility, and it 1s expected that records of

volum~s

pumped

f~dm

each address

wIll be kept by the Board of Health. A house-to-house s~oreline

septio system survey was done along the

of Dudley Pond in the 1950 1 s.

This data is available;

there is no record or action taken. The entire town was sur.veyed in the 1960 l s (during the plann­ ing for the septage facility) as to septic system maintenance practices (frequency of pumping, satisfaction with system) •

This data is also available, but the most pertinent set of answers covers a larger area than the watershed, and the return

.

rate was about 50%.

Page 53 of 99


Study of Dudley Pond 1978-1979

John Larkin

• . '

DATA DEVELOPED BY MH. DOMEY, TOWN SANITARY ENGINEER LAKESHORE LAND USE .,

£"5+, O\Q.1'ed

-0\\ D~

t~

~'\Vr

G( \

SI'\l" SQ,j)S~

No. of onsite 5.1\.5.5.* within

50' of, Pond:

In

within 200' of Pond:

Og

within 500' of rond:

230

(Note: There are 6) lots of 6,000 square feet or less, within 500 feet of the pond)

e "6*,'\~ eJ A "

f L(1~:': k hor,p n~_v~,10"~d ~ Sprv~rl hv nn~itp ~vst~m~: "

O'

!iO'

n()~i

within 200'

86%

wit,,,,,

" 1 ~.

wi i'll in

',O(l

I

~~$\,..~o}w

No. of S.A.S.S. near tributrlrv** to Pond: within

50'

withi.n 7.00'

none

10

..

*

Soil Absorbtion Sewap.e System

~~

Defined as a Tributary Watercourse

Page 54 of 99

.

~

­.


Study of Dudley Pond 1978-1979

John Larkin

TOWN WATER PRACTICES

Virtually all homes in town have their water supplied.

The

water comes from gravel packed wells, ranging from 42 to 6) feet in depth.

The yearly average pumped is 106 million gallons

per day, though summer demand can rise as high as 4 million gallons per day.

The supply is good - the last ban on use was

in 1963.

The nearest towm well to Dudley Pond appears to be approx­ imately 4,000 feet from the outlet. perhaps 500 feet from this well •

Page 55 of 99

The outlet brook flows


Study of Dudley Pond 1978-1979

John Larkin

Plant and Algae Survey 1978

Page 56 of 99


Study of Dudley Pond 1978-1979

John Larkin

METHODOLOGY Algae samples were taken by collcc t j ng 1 liter of rond water and allowing it to BettIe for two hours , at which time ____ ... __ ._...._r

..

_ _

...

------- ..

---足

1 mI. was cxtrac ted frotll tILe bottom and top of the 8ample , and transfered to glass slioes for a count . Aquatic Macrophytons Were collected and identified by direct observation and under-water collecting . Entire plants were collected including flowers, fruits, roots

t

and rhizomes or

tubers . Soil percolation test determinations by Ryon 1928 method . Fish Data was compiled by a Creel Survey , direct ubservations , .

and by spawning ob8ervations .

Wildlife COuflts were determined by direct and natural observation.

Note: Mr. Larkin's fish data is not included here. It is

available from the Surface Water Quality Study Committee

..

..

Page 57 of 99


Study of Dudley Pond 1978-1979

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!''';-?';~t"\l'-'-''i.:-' --:'-1 Page 58 of 99

7 .. -

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1.~:r:AL !~! .:." _' II::I'Io~i

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Study of Dudley Pond 1978-1979

John Larkin

ATTACHMENT 14

DUDLEY

VEGETATION - ALGAE

POND

LOCATION OF BLOOMS· WAYlAND' • MJ\. MAY

2) •

(APRIL 29. 1978)

1978

"

j ,

r,

:,: I

I

KEY

Shaded areas =. Bloom AffiAE TYPE

----------

~

"

Chlorophyc eael .-.

......

Mougeotia epp.

30~·

Spirogyra spp •. 70

----------------------_._-- .... ­

OUTLINE FROM NORTHEAST AIRPHOTO

.'

SCALE - 1 INCH = 500 FEET "

. :.' '

#

~

2585-3-5~ ".

Page 59 of 99

BY "

JOHN IARKIN '.'A '\IT A .. TW"'Ir

-.

:.

'J-:

.............

...~'.~

;:.,-~":


. ·/~71 .::

Study of Dudley Pond 1978-1979

-

John Larkin

'

·"!i~~ ...,- ­ '4:. .. ~

~:f)

·ATTACHMENT 15

DUDLEY

VEGETATION - ALGAE LOCATION OF BLOOMS·

POND

WAYIAND' • MA.

MAY

(MAY 19. 1978)

2) • 1978

.

,.

,

KEY

Shaded ~es

= Bloom .~

g.qg_TI~

Chlorophyceae

# 2585-)-5

SCALE - 1 INCH

2

~

Spirogyra spp. 85

~

500 FEET BY

Page 60 of 99

Lit

Mougeotia spp. 15

OUTLINE FROM NORTHEAST AIRPHOTO

.~

JOHN lARK IN


Study of Dudley Pond 1978-1979

John Larkin .~

.:­

ATTACHMENT 16. DUDLEY

POND

WAYIAND' • MA. . MAY

2) • 1978

VEGETATION - ALGAE LOCATION OF BLOOM (MAY 24, 1978)

a

KEY

Shaded ares

= Bloom

---". ~..:-

ALGAE TYPE

----------

Chlorophyc eae

r ~.,

Mougeotia spp,

SPIRCGYRA spp. 95 (Dominating Bloom)

OUTLINE FROM NORTHEAST AIRPHOTO

# 2585-)-5

5

SCALE - 1 INCH • 50 0 FEET

%

-------------------------------­ . BY

Page 61 of 99

~

JOHN LA RK IN


':'.'

Study of Dudley Pond 1978-1979

John Larkin ~

.;..~~..~

;..::

0."

ATTACHMENT 17

DUDLEY

POND

WAYIAND" MAY 23

MA.

..;­

VEGETATION - AInAE LOCATION OF BLOOM (JULY 19. 1978)

1978

~_

a

;~~

·.w

~.::.

KEY

Shaded Areas

= Bloom

ALGAE TYPE

----------

Chlorophyc eae ~tt

T

(rising to surface dying and decaying)

OUTLINE FROM

# 2585-3-5

,

Spirogyra spp. 99.9

"

NORTHEAST AIRPHOTO

I

SCALE - 1 INCH

z

500 FEET BY

Page 62 of 99

JOHN IARKIN

~

­

~


Study of Dudley Pond 1978-1979

John Larkin .~

.'

ATTACHMENT 18 DUDLEY

VEGETATION - ALGAE LOCATION OF BLOOMS (AUGUST 15, 1978)

POND

WAYIAND路 , MA.

MAY

2) , 1978

&

KEY

= BloomJl

Shaded areas

ALGAE TYPE' " ----------

Chlorophyceae

Spirogyra spp. 5 % alive Cyanophyceae I~~~

"" ..

Anabaenopsis spp. 85

OUTLINE FROM NORTHEAST AIRPHOTO

I 2585-)-5

I'"

______~9~~9拢_~EE~_~ SCALE - 1 INCH

~

500 FEET

BY Page 63 of 99

JOHN IARKTII

%

!Q_~

_


Study of Dudley Pond 1978-1979

John Larkin

DUDLEY

ATTACHMENT 19

POND

WAYIAND' , MA. MAY 23 , 1978

VEGETATION - MACROPHYTON (April 29, 1978)

~

KIT t

= Typha

spp. (cattail

"'It

OUTLINE FROM NORTHEAST AIRPHOTO

# 2585-)-5

SCALE - 1 INCH

= 500 FEET BY

Page 64 of 99

JOHN

lARKIN


Study of Dudley Pond 1978-1979

John Larkin

ATTACHMENT 20

DUDLEY

POND

VEGETATION - tffiCROPHYTON (MAY 19, 1978)

WAYlAND' • MA.

..

MAY

2)

,

1978

n-----­

--------------------t c p n fl'fC.

x

KEY

= Typha spp.(cattail)

= Potamogeton spp.

(crisp pondweed) = Pontederia spp. (pickerel weed) = Nymphaea spp. (water lilly) = un-identified

OUTLINE FROM NORTHEAST AIRPHOTO # 2585-)-5

SCALE - 1 INCH Page 65 of 99

= 500

FEET BY

JOHN LARKIN


Study of Dudley Pond 1978-1979

John Larkin

ATTACHMENT 21

DUDLEY

POND

VEGETATION - MACROPHYTON ( MAY 24, 1978)

WAYIAND' , MA. MAY 2) , 1978 "

n&l --足

KEY = Typha spp. (cattail) = Potamogeton spp. (crisp pondweed) = Pontederia spp. (pickerel weed) n = Nymphaea spp. (water lilly-white) 1 = Nuphar spp. (water lilly-yellow) x = un-identified

~f(

OUTLINE FROM NORTHEAST AIRPHOTO

# 2585-3-5

SCALE - 1 INCH

= 500

FEET BY

Page 66 of 99

JOHN IARKIN


Study of Dudley Pond 1978-1979

John Larkin

ATTACHMENT 22

DUDLEY

VEGETATION - MACROPHYTON

POND

( AUGUST 15. 1978)

WAYIAND" • MA. MAY 2) , 1978 A

n,l,p

J I

~

~

e C(~

n 8eee~ 8e ee e

~-------------------

KEY = Typha spp.(eattail) = Potamogeton spp. (Crisp pondweed) = pontederia spp. (Pickerel weed) = Nymphea~ spp. (water lilly-white) = Nuphar spp. (water lilly-yellow) F = Nymphoides spp. x = Eriocaulon spp. & un-identified

"It

OUTLINE FROM NORTHEAST AIRPHOTO

# 2585-3-5

SCALE - 1 INCH Page 67 of 99

= 500

FEET

BY

JOHN LARKIN


Study of Dudley Pond 1978-1979

John Larkin

ATTACHMENT DUDLEY POND STUDY - MICROSCOPIC EXAMINATION APRIL :!S, 1978 AI.GAE

BACILLARIOPHYCEAE (diatoms) Tabellaria spp.

- 85 per ml

Asterionella spp.

7 per ml

Navicula spp.

- 450 per ml 1 per ml

Fragilaria spp.

CHLOROPHYCEAE (green)

Mougeotia spp.

60 per ml (blooms)

Spirogyra spp.

- 100 per ml (blooms)

Cladophora spp.

1 per ml

Ankistrodesmus spp.

90 per ml

J per ml

Volvox spp.

CYANOPHYCEAE (blue green)

None in this sample

PROTOZOA

Paramecium spp.

5 per ml

Unidentified

1 per rnl

OTHER

Nauplius (larva of cyclops copepod)

1 per ml

Tardigrades (hysibius spp.)

2 per rnl

'.

Page 68 of 99


Study of Dudley Pond 1978-1979

John Larkin

ATTACHMENT DUDLEY POND

STUDY - MICROSCOPIC EXAMINATION

MAY 11, 1978

AIflAE BACILLARIOPHYCEAE (diatoms) Tabellaria spp •

)0

per ml

Asterionella spp.

- 150 per ml

Navicula Bpp.

;.. 26

Fragilaria spp.

-

per irll

70, per ml

CHLOROPHYCEAE (green) Spirogyra spp.

- blooming

Volvox spp.

- ) per ml

CYANOPHYCEAE

(blu~

green)

None in this sample

• PROTOZOA per ml

Stent,pr spp.

- 1

Paramecium spp.

- 5 per ml

Podophrya

spp.

1

OTHER Amorphorus matter

T.N.T.C.

Page 69 of 99

per ml


Study of Dudley Pond 1978-1979

John Larkin

ATTACHMENT

DUDLEY

POND

STUDY -

MICROSCOPIC EXAMINATION

-JUNE 7, 1978

Reported scum on surface of pond composecfl of

I

75% Stellate hairs of Mustard Family Plant 25% Pine Pollen Also some other higher plant hairs

Presumed to have been blown onto pond and raised suspicion

Every year there is a scum that collects on the surface of Dudley pond • It is yellowish in color and covers a good part of the surface area. Area residents wanted it examined and it was composed of the aoove •

......

Page 70 of 99


Study of Dudley Pond 1978-1979

John Larkin

ATTACHMENT DUDLEY POND STUDY - MICROSCOPIC EXAMINATION

U6/1978 AlGAE

Bacillariophyceae (diatoms)

None in th(s sample

CHLOROPHYCEAE ( green)

Spirogyra spp. ­

in bloom

-

10 per ml

CYANOPHYCEAE (blue green)

Trichodesmium spp. Merismopedia

(w/sheath)

­ 50 per ml

spp.

Euglenoid - Phacus spp. (red eye spot) ­

15 per mI.

(Keyed out Merismopedia Tenuissima)

PROTOZOA Stentor Roeseli

5 per ml

<I

Paramecium spp.

12 per ml

Other

Amorphorus matter

(dead copepods)

Page 71 of 99

40 per ml


Study of Dudley Pond 1978-1979

John Larkin

ATTACHMENT

DUDLEY POND STUDY - MICROSCOPIC EXAMINATION

7/13/1978

Received complaints of a scum at locale L-16 & 17 (see location key map) Composed ofl Rod Baccilli

Cocci

Water Moles

Petroleum & Vegetative oils

Descriptionl Milky in color with oil shean - slight fishy smell

Conditionsl lots of boat traffic Dissolved Oxygen

= 12

ppm. surface

Temperature JOoC OTHBRI Ciliates feeding on bacteria Secchi Disc reading

4ft.

Page 72 of 99


Study of Dudley Pond 1978-1979

John Larkin

ATTACHMENT

ALGAE BLOOMS

Dudley Pond has a spring Bloom of diatoms • followed by a Bloom of filamentous Green Algae (predominated by Spirogyra SPl :~

and later in the summer (approximately August 10) • Bluegreen Algae (anabaenopsis • nos toe • and anacystis spp.) becomes the major problem. Chemicals were applied in August 1978 (see section on chemical treatment) • but they had little ,effect on the Bloom (see microscopic examination) •

Page 73 of 99


Study of Dudley Pond 1978-1979

John Larkin

ATTACHMENT MICROSCOPIC EXAMINATION - DUDLEY POND

~ising

7/19/1978

Spirogyra in blooms

to pond surface

7/31/1978

Phytoconis spp. (Green Algae) Bloom on rocks

8/10/1978

Blue Green Algae Bloom Anabaenopsis spp. Nostoc spp. Protozoa attached to Algae

= Stentor

spp. CHEMICAL TREATMENT - 500lbs. ttAguazine tt

8/16/1978

From this point on the microscopic examination will not be of natural pond processes because of treatment •

8/23/1978 ALGAE BACILLARIOPHYCEAE (diatoms) Navicula

spp~

Fragilaria spp •

per ml

1

4 per ml

..

Chlorophyceae (green)

Spirogyra spp.

in bloom and dying

Desmid - Cosmarium spp.

25 per ml

Scenedesmus spp.

10 per ml

CYANOPHYCEAE (blue green)

Anacystis spp.

200

+

per ml

PROTOZOA

Vorticella spp. (attachedPageto74 ofgreen algae)---iOo· per'iiir--·-­ 99


Study of Dudley Pond 1978-1979

John Larkin

ATTACHMENT DUDLEY POND STUDY - MICROSCOPIC EXAMINATION

8/29/1978 ALGAE BACILLARIOPHYCEAE (a iatoms) Tabellaria spp. Navicula

spp.

Fragilaria spp.

- 5 -

per ml

2 per ml

- J per ml

CHLOROPHYCEAE (Green)

Spirogyra spp.

- blooms now aeaa ana aecaying

Peaiastrum spp.

- 15 per ml

Chaetophora attenuata

5 per ml

CYANOPHYCEAE (blue green)

Anacystis spp.

- 200 + per ml

PROTOZOA

Poaophrya spp. q

- approx. 20 per ml

Stentor roeseli

) per ml

paramecium spp.

- 10 per ml

PHYLUM GASTROTRICHIA

Chaetonotus spp.

10 per mI.

PHYLUM ROTOTARIA

Lacinularia spp.

- in colonies

)0

per mI.

OTHER

MIDGE LARVAE-~:". PentaneuraPage epp. -----足 75 of (moniliB-)---=:;-l;:::;O;;::;O~P;;~~-;;:'--~'~;';i"':"" 99


Study of Dudley Pond 1978-1979

John Larkin

ATTACHMENT DUDLEY POND STUDY

Moss Animalcules

Large living colonies of Bryozoa can be found during the late summer months (pre'ferably August) • The most common varity is the Pectinatella Magnifica that is identified by scraping the statoblasts from it's jelly mass and exarninating them under the microscope • The mass can creep along the old debris on the pond's edge, and releases it's statoblaets in the fall months , to

propagate in the following summer •

They are most often found in the shallows , attached to sticks and nuphSr pond lilly . Bryozoans do not like to live in polluted water and their presence in DUdley Pond is un-common • In the past years- , they were quite common and abundant , now they are rare to find •

Page 76 of 99


Study of Dudley Pond 1978-1979

John Larkin

Chemical and Biological Surveys

Page 77 of 99


Study of Dudley Pond 1978-1979

John Larkin

METHODOLOGY - John Larkin

Several sampling stations were used to determine the coliform and total phosphorus counts , yet the deep hole station was used for most testing

Sub-surface sampling was made with

0

a Wildco collection cylinder - model # 1110 - 0677

Dissolved

0

Oxygen samples were collected in the manner prescrihed by \

Welch 19/J.8 • and the c onc Cll trat ion

waG

measu red by

/\~ id e

Modification of the ~\linklcr techniquc . Titrations were made "in situ"

Ph determinations were also marie "in situ" with

0

a Hach model 17N h'iclc R-anc:e Ph Test Kit. The other chel11ical tests were performed at the laboratory of

th~

Mao Dept. of

Fish and l,i1ildliIe facility in Westboro, with.a photometer

0

H~,ch

Spectro­

Bact.erLl (coliform) cJt:·t.cl'minations werp. made

by the Wayl:-md Dept. of He:11 til , Al'no1d Grcp.nc 11 by Dr. LT. '1.'. Conover

0

1\}r;o, lJ:JcLcrial

performed hy Dr. Cono\'pr

~t;

i.dcnLiricatior~

Ell);].noh:;l'o~.

Page 78 of 99

}.;Ik.i

and

was

Environrnrnt:1.1 Center

/


Study of Dudley Pond 1978-1979

John Larkin

Page 79 of 99


Study of Dudley Pond 1978-1979

John Larkin

rUDLEY TE~WERATURE

rEPTH' ( ft. ) STJRFACE

POND

STUDY

(OC) - DISSOLVED OXYGEN (mg/l) - pH (Standard Units)

8/29'/78 D.O.

te~·F·

24.0

9.0

nH 7·5

2 c::;

10.0

./

25·0

10

24.0

8·5

1 c::; -./

2).0

5·0

20

:6.0

1.0

25

14.0

1.0

7.0

28

14.0

0.8

(.0

(Note: Thermocline at depth of 15 ft. to 20 ft. - very clearly

Page 80 of 99

defi~ed)


Study of Dudley Pond 1978-1979

John Larkin

D.O./TEMP. PROFILES/SSE 10: 30 am

Depth

Temp~

°C

D.O. mg/1

S

23°

9.5

3'

23°

9.0

22°

9.0

9'

20.5°

9.0

12'

16 °

8.0

15'

12.5°

1.5

18'

12.5°

1.5

21'

10°

0.5

24'

10 0

0.5

12:30 pm S

23°

8.0

6'

23 0

8.0

12'

18°

7.0

lB'

12.5°

1.0

24'

10°

0.5

Weather:

sunny, cloudless. Air temp. 60-80°. Light N.E. wind during am hours. strong (20-25 mph) east wind at 3:00 sampling time. secchi reading - SSG 6'6" - 4:00 pm

Page 81 of 99


Study of Dudley Pond 1978-1979

John Larkin

DUDLEY /-.

TEiiJPERATURE (oC) DEPTH ( ft. ) SURF.L.CE

6/7/78

PO;~D

STUDY

- DISSOLVED OXYGEN (mg/l)

6/29/78

temp.

D.O.

pH

' 25· 5

11.0

8. J

- pH (Standard Units)

7/19/78

temp.

D.O.

pH

terr.p.

26.5

11.5

8.8

26.0

10·5

8.7

,25·9

10.5

2.7

2

~D~O.

pH

5

25·0

27·5

15·0

B.7

10

24.0

25·0

10.0

7. 7

15

20.0

22.0

6.0

7.0

20

19.0

15·0

3.0

6.5

25

1B.5

15·Ci

2·5

6.5

23

18.0

14.9

2.5

6.5

).0

6.4

21.5

).0

6.6

Page 82 of 99


Study of Dudley Pond 1978-1979

John Larkin

DUDLEY

·' .

POND

STUDY

AIR TEMPERATURE (oC) - WIND. DIRECTION - WIND VELOCITY (knots) - SECCEI DISC (f~.)

5/13/1978 S.D.

~

\lJ • r) •

\11. V.

20.0

\rJ-E

20

10 (ft.)

tir.e 1530 hrs. -

Partly C1Gudy

( st2..t':'on Ci.'=)

19.0

W-E

15

6 (ft.)

ti;:;e 1600 hrs. -

Partly Clo'-ldy

( station t.,·/o)

~.D.

W.V.

o

o

A.~~~D.

~.D.

W.V.

lS.S

o

o

W.D.

W.V.

S.D.

vI -E

J-5

13.5 (ft.) time 1330 hrs. - Cloudy

W.D.

W.V.

S.D.

A.Te~p.

.5/19/1978 A.?e~D.

18.0

S.D. 6 (ft.)

tiffie 15CO hrs. - Cloudy W/Rain

. \ ( stav~cncr!e) ~

6/5/1978

s.r.

.

time 1100 hrs. - Clear

+ ~. \ ( S~2.",~Ol! Oile;

6/7/1978 A.~e~n.

22.0

(station or:e)

6/29/1978 A.Temn.

27.0

"1'1 -E

6

6 (ft.)

.1e

0900 hrs. - Sunny Cleal Page 83 of 99

(station one)


...

Study of Dudley Pond 1978-1979

BUDLEY

POND

John Larkin

STUDY

AIR TEMPERATURE (oC) - WIND DIRECTION - WIND VELOCITY - SECCHI rISC (ft.)

. 7/19/1978

A.Ten'J.

~~J

.D•

~\'

. V.

S.D.

32.0

W-E

5

4 (it.)

tiIile 1100 hrs. - Clear Sun!"!y

(staticn cr,e)

33.0

:/-£

B

4 (ft.)

time 1300 ::rs. - Clear S'...:Y"J.ny

~- ~"~ ( 'c::tt',';Q)

"-' a.t..._ ......

w.n.

W.V.

\'/-E

3

~

8/11/1978 A.~e~D.

33·0

s.r. 03.5 (ft.) time 13CO hrs. - Clear Sur.ny

- ~ ~" . . ." on_c) ( ;:,- t a -'v-"."_"

• to"-"i; • ~"v _ """".

Secchi Disc readings were taken more often than is recorded in these tables (See section on Motor Boat

T~affic)

Page 84 of 99


Study of Dudley Pond 1978-1979

John Larkin

,,­

DUDLEY

POND

STUDY

AIR TEMPERATURE (oC) - WItm DIRECTION - WIND VELOCITY - SECCHI

D~SC

(ft.)

. 8/29/78 A.Te~p

J3· 0

\rioD.

vi. V •

l'l-E

18 Od

- Note: Secchi Disc

S.D.

4 (ft.)

rea~ings

(see section on

~ctor

were

t:~e

1500 hrs. - Cloudy & Haze

t~ken ~cre

often ttan is reccrded in

Boat Traffic) •

Page 85 of 99

( c:""-atl·or. .....

'..

t~6se

..

C"':::\ ....... j

taj:es


Study of Dudley Pond 1978-1979

John Larkin

, CIIEM Ie /\ L D1\ 11'/\

7/10/1978 SURFACE STATION ONE

BOTTOM STATION ONE

pH

8.82

5·2

( standard UnitE

Ammonia-Nitrogen

0·55

5·0

(mg/l)

Nitrate-Nitrogen

0.6

0·5

(mg/l)

Total Phosphorus

O.OJ

0.05

(mg/l)

Manganese

0.1

L5

(mg/l)

Nitrogen-Nitrite

0.01

0.0

(mg/l)

Color

.. Free

2JO.0

15·0 Ammonia

Transmittance Iron

6.05

0.67

82

98

1.5

0.1

Note: in a composite s8mple

or

28 different locatlons

Total Pho8phoruG .: r'ond average W~IS O. 0.) me/I .

.

Page 86 of 99

( standard uni t~

(mg/l) ( %) settled

(mg/l)


Study of Dudley Pond 1978-1979

John Larkin

ATTACHMENT 3

DUDLEY

COLIFORM BACTERIA TESTS

POND

Taken 6/6/78

WAYIAND' • MA.

MAY

2) , 1978

TEST LOCATIONS

...

15

~'" OUTLINE FROM NORTHEAST AIRPHOTO

# 2585-)-5

SCALE - 1 INCH

= 500

FEET BY

Page 87 of 99

JOHN LARK IN


Study of Dudley Pond 1978-1979

John Larkin

ATTACHMENT

DUDLEY POND STUDY - COL1FORM BACTERIA DATA

Tests were taken at 26 stations(See Test Location Chart)

.

They were composite samples taKen at each station every 2hrs .

.

for a total of 12 hrs. per sample. (# colonies per 100 mI.)

RESULTS. Station 1-

2,)00

21.

2,100

2.

4),000

22.

4,)00

).

680

2).

2,200

4.

600

24.

1,5 00

2,400

25·

20.800

6.

1,000

26.

2,500

7.

700

8.

1,900

9.

16,900

10.

III

900

11-

480

12.

1,100

1).

1,200

14.

4,000

15. 22,200 16.

1,200

17.

7.000

18.

1,600

19.

1,500

20. 19.200

-, Page 88 of 99


Study of Dudley Pond 1978-1979

,TACHMENT 10

SM1PLEn

.C SAMPLE

t. 3. If •

5. 5. 7. B.

9.

o. 1.

2. J. ~

.

S. 5. 7• fl.

9.

O. 1. '2. 1. 4.

5, 6. 7.

8.

Big brown house South shore A South shore B South shore C South shore D !1ansion beach 11ansion beach ;Iorth shore A ~lorth shore 13 Cove :~orth shore C ~lorth shere n ~llJrth sr.ore r. OIJ t.!.et S?illway runnin~ Pi.ne ?oad 39 Dudley Pond tleachwood Point ~na11 Cove (penin~u1a) Harth shore peninsula A :~orth shore peninsula B Chateau R.ocky Point Sdnd bar Deep hole ~eer hole 23 ft. deep ~hate~u - Bayfield rd. Storm drain culvert Simpson Ro~d Storm drain culvert

SAH1 __ D

SAl1PLED

SAMPLf.D

7/31/78

6/4/78

6/11/70

7/16/78

7/26/78

After rain

Dry, clear

After rain

Clear

Cloudy

TOTAL COLIfORM

TOTAL COLIrORM

TOTAL COLlfnR-"

TOTAL COLIFORM

TOTAL COLIfORM

-

'l.

--

SAMPLED

John Larkin

PONT)

DUD"

2,300 43,000 6BO

rECAL COUFOI>'1

II

I

q

2,100

600 '2,400 1,OUO

I

58 r,

11

I

741)

I

100

I

75

I

5,500

55

I

1,221)

I

201)

J

100

I

l,f)60

I

375

I

100

I

8 110

I

75

I

50

I

I

1,380

I

280

I

750

I

I

B~O

J

50

I

400

700 1, ()OO 16,900 900 480

1,100 1, '} 00 4,000

( Tadc!e

I

700 (Taddeo ­

I

860

3

B,200 2,100

BOI)

15

4,300

..470

22,200 1,200

7,000 1,600 1,500

2

()

( Tadde

2,200 1,500

20,ROO 2,500

4)

I

(Taddeo ­

1)

7r;

3

0)

1

Page 89 of 99


Study of Dudley Pond 1978-1979

l.

John Larkin

"

. <

'

.:,' '

.­..

;~

r,

ATTACHMENT'7

~.

:.. ,J

."i ~ ,~

"

;Tayland Board of Bsal th

D~~_6.!.-/--=-6~/_7_8

patmenter Center

Jq8 ,.0. ---:.8=--0---=-.6_5:=2..::..8_ _-.:......_

iO:---=~-t-=....=.:....:.-~~-=-.....:..-_--=--=------

_

MAT't~M _ _W_a_t_e_r , ..

1

,'_,_

~.

-:. t' •• ~

tlfAT flOO._:

_

'".-

Wayland, MA 01778

'"

4912

lAA. flOO.

_ 1,",,, .

ATT:yat

I!~~_a_n

.

_

Verba 1

01'0[1'1 "0.

=====================1(~llWihl)

Total Coliform Bacteri8

Sample.

--'"--":-DuaTey- Pon a sampl e s -;-G7'f"/7 B I

r-..,' '

' l "

f

Totel Phosphorus

Ct=-:lp6-s1ce---g-=-f..... uroOc-'l<l\M:YT._-.,-8T"1::-10..."O"""P ....R..-r-------=----­

I-BiQ Brown House ----2-South Shore- A

l

(illy/b)

;. 0.03

2,300 43,000

0.04

3-South 5hore B

680

0.02

4-South Shore B

n.~

GOO

J

,-

G-Harrian 3eech

.,

7-Marrian Beach

..

0.03

.

2,400

5-Sbuth Shore D .!

"

0.03

'.'

.• 1'

1,000

0.01

700

0.06 \.

-,-

..

0.03

8-North Shore A

1,900

9-North Shore B

16,900

10-No Name Cove ... I1-No1:t.h Shore C ..

900

0.07

480

0.03

12-North Shore D

1,100

0.40

13-North Shore E

1,200

0.03

4,000

·0.03

14-0utlet

.'

"

.

~

.

.,.:

0.06

...... ­ .,

. ,-

..

,.

1UtlSCI'I18EO TO Al'tC S'WOf\1lj TO ttF-OflE WE

0"'1' Of'

T>OI' .. r "O"T IS 'H"'OI "[ 0 U.';)loo T'"

T'HII

CO"'OIT '010 T"AT IT II "OT TO •• IU""'C>UCE 0 W"'OLL" 0" "" ,,,,I'IT 1'0'1 AOVUITIS''''O

• ~ ... oeu~vt" O<J" 8'O .... Tv .. r O~ 'N CO"N'CT'o" "' ...aoc",FLUI(

lYGI..O

'rnICO(IOUIIAIISUI'I[Ilot(NT

DElTI'lLJc:nVI TEsntoO: ,..nGUI TESnNG

;i'fCTIIlOO~1C

Sunlll,IClAL

.•

• •

';"TH OLl" ....... r Wlr"OvT 0\111

....LLIOl'C VOl T. LOW VOl T...GI

JO"~~

~ArAAV

MITALLUIIlO'CAL INVUTtOlIITIO"I . •

,yjI.LYJa IRINELL •

1(.""., •

UL T'f\M()OiIIC 1"1. " OI~ON COI'fSULT Tl<lN

"'TCM!MICAi.~_ ......-

MIC"~OTOQ".vtn':;

..ACT

, -'

1' ....., .~ .•

'TJI!a~'" " '.

I:

.

"

";-:

;',.

.

.~ ~

AUDI~

I'ILWIIfT1~n",nCl'l.

I'f\OCIOV"'. ClUALlfllCATlCllll ' . Page 90 ofIlWtLPEI'I 99

"'1(::~C)If~

""00'0" 0'0111'1

.~.el"L ~1""1"10'I '10 _,TlN",

-XIO

tTcti

~ .•. ~', ~S)':>~


Study of Dudley Pond 1978-1979

John Larkin

TESTING LABORATORIES,'JNC,~-;;: :~:. _""--.

ARr'JOLD GREENE ~c

['Air

"e, .,," t II"

"''''TICI'(

1~11)

. C ~ ... ,~ " . 1", II"' I 0 ~

IlI/OUSTI'IIAL

23'·73'0,

r·"'IK

b~J'~9~O

III. , ., I WI"

c "/': •• ~. c I; c".. r ,. I W.lI c" . A" II, ,II

H UItON

;.<' ... I"

D~IVI • NATICK, ~AI •. 011'0 ':

.'

..

B-AANCH Lt-BOAATORIES H4TO Rf Y. M"'Q !'I'CO 00917

~ .. ,"C."FLD

.... A~S 01104

4U8U""l.

"'JI7:"~!><4!

\!o.l; 1~·J'1I0

"'' '55, 0'S01

,e'tIBJ7'~~

ATTACHr':ENT 8 Page #2 TElT

(jeyland TO: _ " _ -=-

",'ORT

Board of Health

_

0,,"_--,6/_6/7_8__

...nlIlAL

XJfJ 1110.

",

_

L..... lIfO _ _ •

.

O'lOU\ "0.

I'U"'T lIfO.

_

=====t("mltl'"'g"1L=t---==--=-==

Total Coliform Bacteria

------------r~ay,

_

Total Phosphorus

22,200

0.04

1,200

0.05

17-89 Dudley Pond ---_. . -- - - - - -

7,000

0.03

IS-Beachwood point

1,600

"

19-5rnall Cove on Penninsula

1,500

0.02

r

20-North Shore of. penninsula

A

19,200

0.02

r

21-North Shore'of'Penninsula

B

2,100

0.02

.4,300

0.03

.'

IS-Spill

--------,

Running

16-Pine F<oad

I

.

--­

\.

('

t

I'

t,: ,

~

t

_

_

~'O'OmJ.7,-_-:-C:'

5.:lmpler

Water

0.03

._--------._-------_.

"

.r ......\

,.

I

22~Chateau ---

0.03

2 3-Rocky _'?_o_i_n_t

2,200 ~

24-Sand Bar

1,500

0.03

20,800

0.03

2,500

0.05

---25-Deep Hole sJface ---26-Deep Hole 23' Depth 27-Spillway, Stagnant

~IIIII(D

TO ..".0 $WOliN

'to tHOl\r ME

Insufficient Sample 3,300

2S-Snake Brook

.

__=_

_

0.05 0.05

~tl

"..-.....I T><II 011'001'1'"

"["0'01'0 u.O" '1' ... , CO"OIT'O" T.....T IT I. NOT TO II .. [ ... OOUCEO ...... OllT 0"'" '4"T '0" 40Ioll"T,I'''0 .... 00'0 .. 01'><1"

-u""'ost, O,!(~ DU'" a'ON"'""", Ofll, IN CO.... ""lCTIO"-4 WITH OU", "'A.~t WllHOU' Ou" ~"ftl""L P'("lo,IIIS!lIOftllIPrc .. "I'INO.

Page 91 of 99


Study of Dudley Pond 1978-1979

John Larkin

'e'71

.3~·'J~O,

~~3 ~\f~O

8c..ANCH LABOR"1 aRIES

"''''0 ""y. ,uU\Tll '1'Cu roll 17

f \II

(~II~JIl'O

TO:

H~""" VlA';~ <til" 'lI1

I'" I I,

"'I\:;!.

~.

I\U~tl ....... "'''SS Ul:>OI

1111~

'0 17' 'JJ.~r.oo

.-....nFu ...l _ _W_i!_t.e __r

_

ce-.nt er"----------­

_

Hr."T "'0.

O"OlP 1110..•

._. ..

N'T I K I

~:". fL~"

6/13/73

O... TF

ATT:_~~_~&~TJ:.~.n

~~e:.I

:a·III~ •• IIIIIJ,

It"'I·".

,f"O

Weylel'>d Bo.a.rd of B9al t_h_ _ P-.u~t--er

I..

.~

ATT ACHM( NT 9

I.

T'r: l [ II

ye:t:'p31.

_

=-,"=~----==O-·im~1.1 =-----=-=--=--·-=--===:-·=~·=-,--·l~.J-'·'·

Total CC11f~~.~~::-er1a

~~.!___ ~11.iCirl'a ~ct~...r1a

6/12/78 ---_._-- - - - - - ­ 2,100

9

580

5,500

r f . t

~17-B9

Drxlley

---------_._-

860

,-.

3

=------------..----------------- ----------­

'"

t

--------------

15

8-80

t. I

_.. ------.---

2 ---_._-- •.700 -._----- --'-- .•.. _---_._-------- ------_ .. ----

~

(j'

S5

~22-~te~u ---_.- ----------.-- _.­ ~5-D&;n _________ F. ~lQ

470

3

.. ~----------_.

------~~-----

76 • 1 --------_._-_.---------_._--------------­

o

Tc..i'_-.JM

_0

_

16

~'

'.

.

T'4J1

"

II

.,.. ... l~ _l"'01ll.1 IS "'''OtliltO

~u""'~ES ovf ~~~T~\I~~~

u.o.,

T"'I (,,0"'01110'" ' .... '11 I!' ""'0' 10 lit At

p Ov" SIO"'ATlJ

11\,

"".o.o"l"nuJ( • lYOlO 'Tt<lcr."lSS >ocf.-.sUFlllolEIojT •

l)£5"T"VC"VI "'C\n .. Q; f~TlGUI TE.ST'''O • - - - - - - - - - ~·C'''IX;II.o.1''H'C4N...

""{'Iovel

C· """....

011 I .. CO......... l C flO" "'IT'" OU fll ............ l t"W1' .... 0"",)1

L" Ol'.~ PAil'

ov,. ""Iel ""I..

hO'lU~ VOl' & lO"" VO\ T .. c;( ){ 0\4Y !'O"l!'C~(

C ~"""-\"·I\"'Y

...£,.. tlUIIG'C"lllf\l!S1IOA"0"<l>

,'\'S'' •

~F\Xft>Vlll Page

••• ... a.nw . . . r"\fooIESS

"0" .. C' .... tl'TlSl-.O

rr ,..... ,~!,~ IN

I'\'£T Ct<EWOC .. l ....... l ... 1S •

92lll>El\o\) of 99 .. lI"c .. rIOfi

,C~~OlO~R"'"Y

'''''.-.cl

OTl-lI"

",,""UT,.,.a,

Vl':'''UCWOC n ...... I)(UC'nOH c.cwSUl,,,nON

"'t'" ''''T!'''''ll.o.TI~.

.. ~C>'O"

?I

'''L T Sl"IVIV • .rllus IIltll'TV~ •

ACID f'T'CH IlOCIO"llLL "'I

I'


Study of Dudley Pond 1978-1979

John Larkin

1.0

Scope of Work and Specifications'

1.1

Sampling schedule and procedures Three rounds of samples (May 20-30, July 10-20, September 1-11) to be collected as follows: a) b) 0)

d)

e)

1.2

Dudley Pond, ten (10) samples, each to consist of a com­ posite of four (4) grab samples taken at two hour ·interva1s from-S:OO a.m. to 2:00 p.m. Snake Brook, five (5) samples, each to consist of a com­ posite of eight (S) grab samples taken at three hour inter­ vals over a 24-hour period (midnight to midnight) . Hammond Brook, one (1) sample, to consiRt of a ~ompoAite of eight (8) grab samples taken at three hour intervals over a 24-hour period (midnight to midnight) . All composites to be maintained under refrigeration at ~o C. at WASTEC's l~boratory facility at 534 Boston Post Road in Wayland, grab samples to be taken there and added to com­ posites as they are collected. Temperature and dissolved oxygen content of each grab sam­ ple station to be determined in"situ using a portable temperature/dissolved oxygen meter and probe, with this information and sample collection times/conditions to be reported on a separate form along with the laboratory data.

Laboratory analysis parameters and procedures Each sample collected as above is to be split into two equal volumes after completion of compositing procedures, and analyzed

\

Page 93 of 99

I


Study of Dudley Pond 1978-1979

Town of wayland

John Larkin

-2-

March,S, 1979

in accordance with the following procedures:

,

a)

Bacteriological-­

b)

Total Coliform Bacteria by Membrane Filtration Technic, dilutions of 1:1, 1:10, and 1:100 for each sample, 100 mI. of each dilution filtered and incubated at 35 0 C. for 22 hours, with colonie~ of most diluted sample showing re­ sults to be verified in brilliant green bile broth at 35 0 C, for 48 hours~ 2 Hours. FeCal Coliform Bacteria by Membrane Filtration Technic, dilution. of leI, lelO, and lrlOO for each sample, 100 mI. o~ each dilution filtered and incubated at 45 0 c. for 22 hours in a water bath incubator, with colonies of mist diluted sample showing results to be verified b plating on EMB agar plates for 48 hours ± 2 hours at 45 C. in an anhydric incubator • . Chemical-­

6

Orthophosphate at P by Stannous Chloride Method, using a spectrophotometer with a light path of 10 em. Each round of. samples to be verified by at least five (5) separate dilutions of a standard phosphate solution, each sample and standard being prepared for analysis by filtration through a 0.4S~icron filter pad. Total Phosphorus as P by Persulfate digestion Method followed by determination as for Orthophosphate above. Ammonia Nitrogen as N by Direct Nesslerization Method, with each roune of samples to be verified by at least five (5) separate dilutions of an ammonia standard solution·, with each sample and standard being prepared f~r analysis by precipi­ tation with alkaline zinc sulfate, followed by filtration through Whatman No. 40 paper pads. N~trate Nitrogen as N by Brucine Method, each round of samples to be verified by at least five (5) 8eparate dilutions of n nitrate standard, with each sample and standard to be prepared for analysis by filtration through a 0.4S-micron filter pad. Procedure calls for inCubation of all samples, after addition of test reagents, for 25 minutes at 95 0 C. in a water bath incubator. Total Kjeldahl Nitrogen by Digestion (using HpnQ~r procedures and rnacro-Kjeldahl flasks), followed by Distillation into indicating boric acid solution, followed by titration with stan~ dard sulfuric acid solution. Due to the complexity of this procedure, the duplicate analysis condition will be waived in this procedure. However, should the result of any analysis be questionable, the other half of that sample shall be run through the procedure as a verification. Each round of samples is to

Page 94 of 99


Study of Dudley Pond 1978-1979

John Larkin

I March 5, 1979

-3-

Town of Wayland

verified by carrying two (2) standard ammonia samples through the distillation and titration procedures. Biochemical Oxygen Demand using standard procedures, with four (4) dilutions of each sample being incubated at 20 0 C. for five (5) days, using sample volumes of 50, 100, 150 and 200 m1. in each set of four (4) 300-ml. dilution bottles. A seed of 2 m1. of raw sewage will be added to each bottle, and three (3) blank bottles (dilution water and seed) will be prepared with each round of samples. Nitrification inhibitor will be added to each bottle prior to incubation, and final dissolved oxygen determinations will be made using the Winkler method with PAO titrant. As in the Kjeldahl proce足 dure, the duplicate analysis condition will be waived in this procedure. Chloride by Hach Chemical Company's "Mercuric Nitrate Titra足 tion Method", using 50-mI. sample volumes and pre-packaged chemical preparations.

c)

.

Sample preservation and storage揃conditions-足 .

I

Within 24 hours after completion of compositing of a sample, it shall be analyzed for Chloride and all preparations of samples for Biochemical Oxygen Demand and Bacteriological in~ubations shall be completed. Upon completion of these procedures, the balance of each sample shall be acidified to a pH of less than 2 using sulfuric acid, and stored at a temperature of 40 C. until the balance of the analyses can be completed. All analyses shall be completed within .72 hours of completion of sample compositing, and due to the limited staff and facilities of WASTEC's Wayland laboratory, each round of samples shall be collected in three groups, with the six (6) stream samples being in one group, and the ten (10) pond samples being in two groups of five (5) each.

Page 95 of 99

J


Study of Dudley Pond 1978-1979

John Larkin

Page 96 of 99


Study of Dudley Pond 1978-1979

John Larkin

DUDLEY POND SAMPLING 6/20/79 -

6/21/79

. starting

Staticn No.

Tine and Pomd No.

A

B

C

0

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F

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22°/9.5

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23.0/9.0

10%.5

23.5;9.0

23.0/9.0

23.0/9.5

22.5°,19.5

22.5°/9.5 23°/9.0

23.5°/8.5 24°/8.5

23°/8.0

10%.5

24°/9.0

24°/9.0

24°/9.5

23°/8.5

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Page 97 of 99


Study of Dudley Pond 1978-1979

John Larkin

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Study of Dudley Pond 1978-1979

John Larkin

WAYLAND ',;,':',

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1978-1979 Larkin Report of Dudley Pond