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International Conference on Ship Recycling SHIPREC2013 – Malmö, Sweden, 7 – 9 April 2013

Good Governance in the Ship Recycling Industry Bhirugnath-Bhookhun Meenaksi Ministry of Public Infrastructure, National Development Unit, Land Transport & Shipping, Port Louis, Republic of Mauritius. Email: mbhirugnath@mail.gov.mu


Introduction •  Good governance – meaning of •  The ship recycling industry •  Principles of good governance applied to the ship recycling industry •  The need of good governance in the ship recycling industry •  How can we achieve good governance in the ship recycling industry? •  Conclusion & Recommendations


Good Governance – meaning of •  What is Good Governance? •  Why do we need Good Governance? ▫  Good governance as asserted by Kofi Annan, former Secretary-General of the United Nations, “ has over the last decade positioned itself as a decisive tool for poverty alleviation and in warranting societal well being”

(Graham et al, 2003)


Ship Recycling Industry •  Meaning ▫  Shipping breaking, ship scrapping or ship recycling – not a new phenomenon ▫  Essentially human intensive

•  Current Practice ▫  Practice in industrialised countries v/s Developing & Least Developed countries

•  World’s economic conditions ▫  Delocalisation to developing and least developed countries ▫  Its impact on good governance in the ship recycling industry

•  Risks and concerns ▫  Ship recycling industry – inherent health, safety and environmental concerns


Principles of Good Governance applied to the ship recycling industry 1.  Accountability 2.  Transparency 3.  Rule of law others 4.  Responsive

IMO Member States IMO Country Maritime Profile Hong Kong Convention 2009 and applicable guidelines amongst

From the ILO, UNEP BaselConvention to the IMO - Hong Kong Convention 5.  Equitable and inclusive Incentives towards adherence to internationally agreed standards 6.  Effective and efficient Ensuring vessels are recycled in appropriate conditions and in accordance with suitable standards 7.  Participatory Adapted Graham Model (Graham et al., 2003)


The need of good governance in the ship recycling industry •  Reasons ▫  High rate of casualties & accidents ▫  Public health issues ▫  Pollutions ▫  Child labour ▫  Human right issues


How can we achieve good governance in the ship recycling industry? •  The stakeholder theory ▫  State ▫  Employers ▫  Trade Unions ▫  International institutions (IMO) ▫  NGOs, amongst others


Adapted Graham Model traditions

Government

Civil Society

history Private Sector

culture

technology


Conclusion & Recommendations United we stand, Divided we fall , (Sir Winston Churchill)

•  Recycling on its own merit remains a sustainable activity. However, the end does not always justify the mean... •  Conclusion – Good Governance : both a means and an end •  Recommendations – Applying the principles of good governance to the ship recycling industry


Thank you

Bhirugnath bhookhun good governance in the ship recycling industry  
Bhirugnath bhookhun good governance in the ship recycling industry