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2016

THE LITTLE DATA BOOK


© 2016 International Bank for Reconstruction and Development / The World Bank 1818 H Street NW, Washington, DC 20433 Telephone: 202-473-1000; Internet: www.worldbank.org Some rights reserved 1 2 3 4 19 18 17 16 This work is a product of the staff of The World Bank with external contributions. The findings, interpretations, and conclusions expressed in this work do not necessarily reflect the views of The World Bank, its Board of Executive Directors, or the governments they represent. The World Bank does not guarantee the accuracy of the data included in this work. The boundaries, colors, denominations, and other information shown on any map in this work do not imply any judgment on the part of The World Bank concerning the legal status of any territory or the endorsement or acceptance of such boundaries. Nothing herein shall constitute or be considered to be a limitation upon or waiver of the privileges and immunities of The World Bank, all of which are specifically reserved. Rights and Permissions

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Contents Acknowledgments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . iv Foreword . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .v Data notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . vi

Regional tables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 World . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 East Asia and Pacific . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Europe and Central Asia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Latin America and the Caribbean . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Middle East and North Africa . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 North America . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 South Asia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 Sub-Saharan Africa . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9

Income group tables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Low income . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 Lower middle income . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Upper middle income . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 High income . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14

Country tables (in alphabetical order) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 230 Glossary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 231

The Little Data Book  2016

iii


Acknowledgments The Little Data Book 2016 was prepared by a team led by Bala Bhaskar Naidu Kalimili under the management of Neil Fantom and comprising Azita Amjadi, Maja Bresslauer, Tamirat Chulta, Liu Cui, Mahyar Eshragh-Tabary, Juan Feng, Saulo Ferreira, Masako Hiraga, Haruna Kashiwase, Buyant Erdene Khaltarkhuu, Tariq Khokhar, Elysee Kiti, Hiroko Maeda, Malvina Pollock, William Prince, Evis Rucaj, Umar Serajuddin, Sun Hwa Song, Rubena Sukaj, Emi Suzuki, Jomo Tariku, Dereje Wolde, and Junhe Yang, working closely with other teams in the Development Economics Vice Presidency’s Development Data Group . The work was carried out under the management of Haishan Fu . Barton Matheson Willse & Worthington typeset the book . Staff from The World Bank’s Publishing and Knowledge division oversaw publication and dissemination of the book .

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2016  The Little Data Book


Foreword The Little Data Book 2016 is a pocket edition of World Development Indicators 2016. It is intended as a quick reference for users of the World Development Indicators database, book, and mobile app . The database, which covers more than 1,300 indicators and spans more than 50 years, is available at data .worldbank .org . The 214 country tables in The Little Data Book present the latest available data for World Bank member countries and other economies with populations of more than 30,000 . The 12 summary tables cover regional and income group aggregates . For more information about these data or other World Bank data publications, visit our data Web site at data .worldbank .org, e-mail us at data@worldbank .org, call our data hotline 800 590 1906 or 202 473 7824, or fax us at 202 522 1498 . To order World Development Indicators 2016, visit the publications Web site at www .worldbank .org/publications, call 800 645 7247 or 703 661 1580, or fax 703 661 1501 .

The Little Data Book  2016

v


Data notes The data in this book are for 2000, 2010, and 2014 or the most recent year unless otherwise noted in the table or the glossary . • Growth rates are proportional changes from the previous year unless otherwise noted . • Figures in italics indicate data for years or periods other than those specified . Symbols used: . .

indicates that data are not available or that aggregates cannot be calculated because of missing data .

0 or 0 .0

indicates zero or small enough that the number would round to zero at the displayed number of decimal places .

$

indicates current U .S . dollars .

Lettered notes on some country tables can be found in the notes on page 230 . Data are shown for economies with populations greater than 30,000 or for smaller economies if they are members of the World Bank . The term country (used interchangeably with economy) does not imply political independence or official recognition by the World Bank but refers to any economy for which the authorities report separate social or economic statistics . The selection of indicators in these pages includes some of those being used to monitor progress toward the Sustainable Development Goals . For more information about the seventeen goals—ending poverty, protecting the planet, and ensuring prosperity for all by 2030—please see the other books and online resources in the World Development Indicators 2016 family of products . The cutoff date for data is February 24, 2016 .

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2016  The Little Data Book


Regional tables The country composition of regions is based on the World Bank’s analytical regions for FY 16 and may differ from common geographic usage . East Asia and Pacific American Samoa; Australia; Brunei Darussalam; Cambodia; China; Fiji; French Polynesia; Guam; Hong Kong SAR, China; Indonesia; Japan; Kiribati; Democratic People’s Republic of Korea; Republic of Korea; Lao People’s Democratic Republic; Macao SAR, China; Malaysia; Marshall Islands; Federated States of Micronesia; Mongolia; Myanmar; New Caledonia; New Zealand; Northern Mariana Islands; Palau; Papua New Guinea; Philippines; Samoa; Singapore; Solomon Islands; Thailand; Timor-Leste; Tonga; Tuvalu; Vanuatu; Vietnam Europe and Central Asia Albania, Andorra, Armenia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Channel Islands, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Faroe Islands, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Greenland, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Isle of Man, Italy, Kazakhstan, Kosovo, Kyrgyz Republic, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Moldova, Monaco, Montenegro, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russian Federation, San Marino, Serbia, Slovak Republic, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Tajikistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, United Kingdom, Uzbekistan Latin America and the Caribbean Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Aruba, The Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Cayman Islands, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Curaçao, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Grenada, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, Sint Marrten (Dutch part), St . Kitts and Nevis, St . Lucia, St . Martin (French part), St . Vincent and the Grenadines, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, Turks and Caicos Islands, Uruguay, República Bolivariana de Venezuela, Virgin Islands (U .S .) Middle East and North Africa Algeria, Bahrain, Djibouti, Arab Republic of Egypt, Islamic Republic of Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Malta, Morocco, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Syrian Arab Republic, Tunisia, United Arab Emirates, West Bank and Gaza, Republic of Yemen North America Bermuda, Canada, United States South Asia Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka Sub-Saharan Africa Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cabo Verde, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros, Democratic Republic of Congo, Republic of Congo, Côte d’Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, The Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, São Tomé and Príncipe, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Africa, South Sudan, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe The Little Data Book  2016

1


World Population (millions) 7,259.7 Surface area (1,000 sq. km) 134,325 78,399.9 GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions) 108,477.1

Population growth (%) 1.2 Population living below $1.90 a day (%) 12.7 GNI per capita, Atlas ($) 10,799 GNI per capita, PPP ($) 14,942

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)

2000

2010

2014

.. 68 2.7 341 60 60 76 32.7 72 81 0.9 65 0.8

.. 70 2.5 246 63 68 52 26.2 85 92 1.0 63 0.8

.. 71 2.5 216 .. .. 43 23.8 85 92 1.0 63 0.8

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

40,464 40,065 39,900 0.1 0.1 .. .. 9.1 82 88 91 59 65 68 1,639 1,849 1,894 4.1 4.8 .. 2,378 2,957 3,105

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

33,290 65,588 77,960 4.3 4.1 2.5 5.2 4.5 2.0 4 3 3 29 27 26 67 70 71 25 28 30 25 28 29 24 22 22 26.7 16.7 17.9 0.7 –5.3 –2.7

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

50 .. 2.2 12.1 6.8 163.7 24

34 .. 2.5 76.6 29.2 167.2 17

20 .. 2.3 96.9 40.7 173.6 18

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ billions)

39 .. .. .. 0.0 136 1,319 50

47 .. .. .. 0.0 410 1,747 131

49 .. .. .. 0.0 528 1,561 161

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2016  The Little Data Book


East Asia & Pacific Population (millions) 2,264.1 Surface area (1,000 sq. km) 24,825 GNI, Atlas ($ billions) 22,032.5 GNI, PPP ($ billions) 33,741.6

Population growth (%) 0.7 Population living below $1.90 a day (%) .. GNI per capita, Atlas ($) 9,731 GNI per capita, PPP ($) 14,903

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

2000

2010

2014

.. 71 1.8 113 75 85 40 .. 84 91 1.0 74 ..

.. 74 1.8 74 81 92 22 .. 93 105 1.0 70 ..

.. 75 1.8 59 .. .. 17 .. 94 105 1.0 70 ..

6,254

6,371 –0.2 .. 91 73 1,855 5.5 3,063

6,413 –0.1 10.8 94 77 2,073 .. 3,568

.. 82 63 1,230 3.2 1,646

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

8,124 16,647 21,468 4.5 7.0 3.6 2.5 3.5 2.1 6 4 4 35 33 32 59 63 64 26 32 32 24 29 31 28 28 29 .. 13.7 .. .. –4.8 ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

38 .. 1.4 11.4 5.6 225.1 33

35 .. 1.6 73.7 34.2 200.1 26

23 .. 1.8 103.4 46.9 205.6 27

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ billions)

42 .. .. .. –2,993 25.2 163 8.6

55 .. .. .. –5,720 67.6 497 9.7

55 .. .. .. –1,457 93.1 612 9.4

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Europe & Central Asia Population (millions) 902.0 Surface area (1,000 sq. km) 28,460 GNI, Atlas ($ billions) 22,932.5 GNI, PPP ($ billions) 26,001.8

Population growth (%) 0.3 Population living below $1.90 a day (%) .. GNI per capita, Atlas ($) 25,425 GNI per capita, PPP ($) 28,827

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

2000

2010

2014

.. 73 1.6 33 .. .. 23 .. 91 95 1.0 57 ..

.. 76 1.7 19 .. .. 14 .. 93 98 1.0 58 ..

.. 77 1.7 16 .. .. 11 .. 94 98 1.0 59 ..

10,286 10,409 10,434 –0.1 0.0 .. .. 7.5 96 98 98 91 93 93 3,193 3,300 3,216 7.6 7.6 .. 4,943 5,527 5,437

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

9,926 20,832 23,183 4.2 2.5 1.4 3.8 2.2 1.4 3 2 2 29 26 25 68 72 73 35 38 42 34 37 39 23 21 20 35.2 23.3 24.2 –0.3 –4.8 –2.5

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

42 .. 1.9 34.1 13.2 110.4 21

16 .. 1.8 120.3 56.2 152.7 15

10 .. 1.8 125.9 69.2 142.6 16

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ billions)

56 .. .. .. 6,969 52 659 4.6

60 .. .. .. 7,419 127 677 7.4

64 .. .. .. 5,547 161 410 10.4

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2016  The Little Data Book


Latin America & Caribbean Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

626.3 20,425 6,207.5 9,535.7

Population growth (%) 1.1 Population living below $1.90 a day (%) .. GNI per capita, Atlas ($) 9,912 GNI per capita, PPP ($) 15,226

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)

2000

2010

2014

.. 72 2.6 99 .. 86 32 .. 94 96 1.0 64 ..

.. 74 2.2 81 .. 93 24 .. 94 99 1.0 66 ..

.. 75 2.1 67 .. .. 18 .. 92 101 1.0 66 ..

9,797

9,272 0.2 2.4 95 83 1,373 .. 2,118

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

.. 90 75 1,134 2.6 1,571

9,381 0.4 .. 93 81 1,320 2.9 1,950

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

2,263 3.9 6.9 5 33 62 22 22 20 17.6 –1.3

5,373 5.7 5.3 5 34 61 24 24 21 .. ..

6,253 1.3 2.9 5 30 65 23 25 22 .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

73 .. 1.3 12.1 3.9 44.5 16

56 .. 1.4 96.4 34.7 64.7 11

29 .. 1.3 114.7 50.2 75.8 11

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ billions)

34 .. .. .. –5,547 20.3 87 4.9

34 .. .. .. –2,676 56.6 143 11.0

37 .. .. .. –2,082 65.0 215 10.1

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5


Middle East & North Africa Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

417.5 11,371 3,570.2 7,267.2

Population growth (%) 2.0 Population living below $1.90 a day (%) .. GNI per capita, Atlas ($) 8,722 GNI per capita, PPP ($) 17,754 2000

2010

2014

.. 70 3.2 113 58 78 43 .. 91 83 0.9 47 0.1

.. 72 2.9 89 64 89 28 .. 91 93 0.9 48 0.1

.. 73 2.8 81 .. .. 23 .. 87 94 1.0 49 0.1

205 .. 89 80 1,531 4.7 1,752

231 –1.3 .. 91 88 2,135 6.0 2,680

232 –0.1 133.6 93 91 2,190 .. 2,876

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

962 5.5 11.0 8 45 47 38 28 22 .. ..

2,736 5.1 10.6 6 49 45 47 38 28 .. ..

3,520 2.5 0.6 6 48 46 47 40 27 .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

41 .. 5.8 4.6 1.7 54.8 6

19 .. 4.8 92.9 24.9 46.3 3

19 .. 6.5 110.2 38.3 50.8 ..

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ billions)

55 .. .. .. 1,045 11.9 10.9 4.8

67 .. .. .. 5,031 38.1 82.8 12.3

71 .. .. .. –213 49.7 50.1 32.6

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

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2016  The Little Data Book


North America Population (millions) 354.5 Surface area (1,000 sq. km) 19,816 GNI, Atlas ($ billions) 19,452.6 GNI, PPP ($ billions) 19,406.4

Population growth (%) 0.8 Population living below $1.90 a day (%) .. GNI per capita, Atlas ($) 54,879 GNI per capita, PPP ($) 54,748

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)

2000

2010

2014

.. 77 2.0 12 73 .. 8 .. 91 .. 1.0 66 ..

.. 79 1.9 14 76 .. 7 .. 92 .. 1.0 64 ..

.. 79 1.8 13 .. .. 6 .. 91 .. 1.0 63 ..

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

.. 99 100 8,068 19.9 13,997

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

11,028 16,584 19,210 4.2 2.6 2.4 2.3 1.2 1.6 1 1 1 23 21 21 76 78 78 13 14 15 16 17 18 23 19 20 20.5 10.3 19.1 2.2 –6.5 –5.1

6,513

6,560 6,572 –0.1 0.0 .. 9.1 99 99 100 100 7,184 6,951 17.2 .. 13,587 13,239

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

4 .. 2.8 37.5 43.9 185.6 31

6 .. 4.3 89.8 72.5 227.1 19

4 .. 3.3 107.3 87.3 253.5 18

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

23 .. .. .. 6,176 4.4 387 0.0

24 .. .. .. 6,300 8.4 288 0.0

26 .. .. .. 6,184 9.4 189 0.0

The Little Data Book  2016

7


South Asia Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

1,721.2 5,136 2,575.3 9,118.9

Population growth (%) 1.4 Population living below $1.90 a day (%) 18.8 GNI per capita, Atlas ($) 1,496 GNI per capita, PPP ($) 5,298 2000

2010

2014

.. 63 3.5 388 45 36 94 51.2 58 70 0.8 60 ..

.. 67 2.8 228 53 50 64 41.1 80 91 1.0 57 ..

.. 68 2.6 182 .. .. 53 37.2 80 91 1.0 56 ..

790 .. 80 29 395 1.0 357

827 –0.5 .. 89 40 517 1.3 575

834 –0.2 51.6 92 45 550 .. 673

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

629 4.1 4.1 23 26 51 14 15 23 11.9 –3.9

2,094 9.1 9.2 19 26 55 21 26 33 12.8 –3.4

2,589 6.9 4.4 18 29 53 22 25 30 12.6 –4.3

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

40 .. 3.0 0.3 0.5 47.9 5

26 70.0 2.7 59.7 7.2 67.4 6

16 71.1 2.4 75.4 16.6 70.1 8

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ billions)

23 .. 162 17.2 –5,336 17 4.4 4.1

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

8

2016  The Little Data Book

34 38 .. .. 411 613 7.4 17.6 –9,901 –6,281 82 116 31.6 39.5 15.4 15.4


Sub-Saharan Africa Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

974.3 24,291 1,603.7 3,309.3

Population growth (%) Population living below $1.90 a day (%) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

2.7 .. 1,646 3,396

2000

2010

2014

.. 50 5.8 846 22 42 155 .. 53 55 0.8 69 5.8

.. 56 5.2 625 24 49 101 .. 74 68 0.9 70 4.8

.. 59 5.0 547 .. .. 83 .. 73 69 0.9 70 4.5

6,619 .. 55 25 646 0.8 511

6,286 0.5 .. 63 28 677 0.8 509

6,144 0.5 3.0 68 30 671 .. 488

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

363 3.5 7.6 17 34 49 34 30 16 20.8 –2.9

1,337 5.2 5.9 15 28 57 31 31 21 20.3 –3.1

1,745 4.4 3.1 15 27 58 28 33 22 21.0 –3.4

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

61 .. 1.8 1.7 0.5 66.5 4

46 .. 1.3 44.4 10.0 68.4 3

27 .. 1.0 71.0 19.2 61.4 4

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ billions)

49 .. .. .. –532 4.8 6.7 13.0

50 .. .. .. –497 29.5 28.2 44.3

46 .. .. .. –1,689 34.2 46.1 46.5

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

The Little Data Book  2016

9


Income group tables For operational and analytical purposes the World Bank’s main criterion for classifying economies is gross national income (GNI) per capita . Each economy in The Little Data Book is classified as low income, lower middle income, upper middle income, or high income . Note: Classifications are fixed during the World Bank’s fiscal year (ending on June 30), thus countries remain in the categories in which they are classified irrespective of any revisions to their per capita income data . Low-income economies are those with a GNI per capita of $1,045 or less in 2014 . Lower middle-income economies are those with a GNI per capita of more than $1,046 but less than $4,125 . Upper middle-income economics are those with a GNI per capita of more than $4,126 but less than $12,735 . High-income economies are those with a GNI per capita of $12,736 or more .

10

2016  The Little Data Book


Low income Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

622.0 14,456 390.3 977.0

Population growth (%) Population living below $1.90 a day (%) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

2.7 47.2 628 1,571

2000

2010

2014

.. 52 5.9 839 23 34 150 47.9 53 51 0.9 77 4.5

.. 59 5.1 593 30 52 96 40.5 75 69 0.9 78 3.2

.. 61 4.8 495 .. .. 76 37.6 77 71 0.9 78 2.9

4,017 .. 52 20 .. 0.3 ..

3,780 0.6 .. 61 26 .. 0.3 ..

3,750 0.2 3.1 66 28 .. .. ..

111 1.8 6.3 35 20 45 20 31 17 .. ..

281 6.7 5.5 33 20 46 24 41 22 13.4 –1.7

398 6.3 2.7 32 22 47 24 43 28 .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

67 .. 2.4 0.3 0.1 20.2 2

45 57.3 1.8 29.1 3.3 19.8 ..

27 59.8 1.5 56.7 6.3 23.4 5

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ billions)

33 .. 105 10.4 –867 1.5 1.7 8.3

48 .. 120 4.0 –2,673 9.3 9.1 36.3

51 .. 167 6.1 –1,166 13.9 16.8 34.6

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

The Little Data Book  2016

11


Lower middle income Population (millions) 2,878.5 Surface area (1,000 sq. km) 20,523 GNI, Atlas ($ billions) 5,807.5 GNI, PPP ($ billions) 17,275.3

Population growth (%) 1.5 Population living below $1.90 a day (%) 18.7 GNI per capita, Atlas ($) 2,018 GNI per capita, PPP ($) 6,002 2000

2010

2014

.. 63 3.5 411 46 46 93 45.6 64 77 0.8 61 ..

.. 66 3.0 286 52 57 64 36.8 80 91 1.0 59 ..

.. 67 2.8 253 .. .. 53 33.5 79 91 1.0 59 ..

5,663 .. 78 39 526 1.1 441

5,506 0.3 .. 86 48 623 1.4 661

5,336 0.6 17.9 90 52 636 .. 743

1,307 4.2 6.7 22 31 47 26 25 22 13.9 –3.1

4,531 7.5 7.8 17 30 52 26 30 29 14.9 –3.2

5,781 5.7 4.0 17 31 52 26 29 27 15.0 –3.9

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

52 .. 2.4 1.1 0.6 49.6 16

36 70.0 2.0 67.6 11.8 56.2 9

20 70.4 1.8 87.6 22.6 61.3 12

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (millions) Personal remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ billions)

42 .. 594 16.7 –14.5 42 11 18.9

43 .. 1,075 10.8 –17.2 191 95 40.4

45 .. 1,527 14.5 –16.0 248 119 51.1

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

12

2016  The Little Data Book


Upper middle income Population (millions) 2,360.8 Surface area (1,000 sq. km) 41,621 GNI, Atlas ($ billions) 18,712.6 GNI, PPP ($ billions) 33,583.2

Population growth (%) 0.8 Population living below $1.90 a day (%) 5.4 GNI per capita, Atlas ($) 7,926 GNI per capita, PPP ($) 14,225

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

2000

2010

2014

.. 71 1.9 88 78 92 40 18.7 87 91 1.0 71 ..

.. 74 1.8 64 83 98 24 9.8 96 103 1.0 67 ..

.. 75 1.8 55 .. .. 19 7.5 95 .. 1.0 67 ..

11,852 .. 84 66 1,080 3.0 1,311

11,798 11,802 0.0 0.0 .. 7.4 92 95 76 80 1,757 2,015 5.4 .. 2,673 3,214

3,859 13,407 18,958 5.9 8.1 4.5 11.3 5.4 2.2 10 7 7 38 38 36 52 54 57 26 29 28 25 28 27 27 33 32 .. 18.1 .. .. .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

51 .. 1.8 8.0 2.5 78.3 22

39 71.4 1.9 75.4 32.8 108.1 21

24 71.5 1.9 101.4 47.7 132.8 21

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ billions)

45 .. 1,043 21.4 –5,010 35 112 9.4

49 .. 2,470 8.6 –4,878 92 425 13.0

46 .. 3,699 7.4 719 116 526 16.7

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13


High income Population (millions) 1,398.4 Surface area (1,000 sq. km) 57,725 GNI, Atlas ($ billions) 53,561.2 GNI, PPP ($ billions) 56,961.0

Population growth (%) 0.5 Population living below $1.90 a day (%) .. GNI per capita, Atlas ($) 38,301 GNI per capita, PPP ($) 40,732

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)

2000

2010

2014

.. 76 1.7 22 .. .. 11 4.1 91 96 1.0 60 ..

.. 78 1.7 19 .. .. 8 3.5 93 98 1.0 61 ..

.. 79 1.7 17 .. .. 7 3.3 94 99 1.0 61 ..

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

18,933 18,980 19,012 0.0 0.0 .. .. 7.1 98 99 99 95 96 96 4,808 4,782 4,608 11.7 11.2 .. 8,068 8,654 8,508

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

28,012 4.0 3.1 2 28 70 25 25 24 28.0 1.0

47,394 52,850 3.0 1.7 1.5 1.2 1 2 25 25 74 74 28 30 28 30 20 21 16.6 17.7 –5.5 –2.7

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

39 .. 2.2 42.4 26.1 186.0 25

23 .. 2.8 115.4 67.6 195.8 17

15 .. 2.5 125.7 80.6 202.2 18

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (millions) Personal remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

39 .. .. .. 20.2 57 1,194 571

47 .. .. .. 24.8 118 1,219 728

50 .. .. .. 16.5 150 900 431

14

2016  The Little Data Book


Country tables China Unless otherwise noted, data for China do not include data for Hong Kong SAR, China; Macao SAR, China; or Taiwan, China . Cyprus GNI and GDP data and data calculated using GNI and GDP refer to the area controlled by the government of Cyprus . Georgia GNI, GDP, and population data and data calculated using GNI, GDP, and population exclude Abkhazia and South Ossetia . Kosovo, Montenegro, and Serbia Data for each country are shown separately where available . However, some indicators for Serbia prior to 2006 include data for Montenegro; these data are noted in the table . Moreover, data for most indicators for Serbia from 1999 onward exclude data for Kosovo, which in 1999 became a territory under international administration pursuant to UN Security Council Resolution 1244 (1999) . Kosovo became a member of the World Bank on June 29, 2009, and its data are shown where available . Moldova GNI, GDP, and population data and data calculated using GNI, GDP, and population exclude Transnistria . Morocco GNI and GDP data and data calculated using GNI and GDP include Former Spanish Sahara . South Sudan and Sudan South Sudan declared its independence on July 9, 2011 . Data are shown separately for South Sudan where available . Data reported for Sudan include South Sudan to 2011 unless otherwise noted . Tanzania GNI and GDP data and data calculated using GNI and GDP refer to mainland Tanzania only . For more information, see World Development Indicators 2016 or data .worldbank .org .

The Little Data Book  2016

15


Afghanistan South Asia

Low income

Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

31.6 653 21.4 63.2

Population growth (%) Population living below $1.90 a day (%) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)

3.0 .. 680 2,000

2000

2010

2014

.. 55 7.5 1,100 5 12 137 .. 27 .. 0.0 48 0.1

.. 59 5.7 584 22 34 105 .. 62 .. 0.6 48 0.1

.. 60 4.8 396 .. .. 91 .. 66 .. 0.7 48 0.1

14

14 0.0 43.0 55 32 .. .. ..

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

43.0 30 23 .. 0.04 ..

14 0.0 .. 48 29 .. 0.30 ..

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

2.5 8.4 11.7 38 24 38 32 65 12 .. ..

15.9 8.4 9.4 27 22 51 10 45 18 11.0 1.5

20.0 1.3 0.2 23 22 54 7 46 18 9.9 –0.6

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. 2.3 0.0 0.0 .. ..

7 52.2 1.9 45.8 4.0 4.2 ..

7 51.1 1.3 74.9 6.4 –2.3 ..

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ billions)

72 100 .. .. 804 .. 0.2 0.1

35 144 2.4 0.4 –677 342 54.2 6.5

41 138 2.6 1.8 473 268 48.8 4.8

16

2016  The Little Data Book


Albania Europe & Central Asia Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Upper middle income 2.9 29 12.9 31.8

Population growth (%) –0.1 Population living below $1.90 a day (%) <2 GNI per capita, Atlas ($) 4,450 GNI per capita, PPP ($) 10,980 2000

2010

2014

8.2 74 2.2 43 58 99 26 39.2 95 97 1.0 62 ..

8.9 77 1.7 30 69 99 17 23.1 99 93 1.0 55 ..

8.9 78 1.8 29 .. .. 14 .. 98 108 0.9 55 ..

7.7 6.8 96 83 571 1.0 1,437

7.8 –0.1 4.9 96 91 725 1.5 1,947

7.7 0.1 4.9 95 93 800 .. 2,531

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

3.6 6.7 4.0 26 17 57 18 38 32 23.5 –6.7

11.9 3.7 4.5 21 29 51 32 53 30 .. ..

13.2 2.2 1.0 23 25 52 28 47 25 .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

41 .. 1.2 0.9 0.1 49.0 1

7 70.0 1.6 85.5 45.0 66.7 1

6 72.2 1.0 105.5 60.1 68.1 0

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

37 100 1.1 3.7 –175 0.6 0.1 318

50 92 5.2 5.2 –253 1.2 1.1 364

58 90 8.0 8.6 –92 1.1 1.1 280

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

The Little Data Book  2016

17


Algeria Middle East & North Africa Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

38.9 2,382 213.8 540.5

Upper middle income Population growth (%) 1.9 Population living below $1.90 a day (%) .. GNI per capita, Atlas ($) 5,490 GNI per capita, PPP ($) 13,880

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)

2000

2010

2014

.. 70 2.5 170 64 93 40 23.6 80 80 1.0 44 0.1

.. 74 2.9 147 61 95 27 .. 95 96 1.0 43 0.1

.. 75 2.9 140 57 97 26 11.7 95 109 .. 44 0.1

16

20 –0.4 74.9 84 88 1,246 .. 1,277

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

50.9 90 84 866 2.8 680

19 –2.0 .. 86 87 1,112 3.3 1,015

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

55 2.2 24.6 9 59 33 41 21 25 38.3 9.7

161 3.6 16.1 9 54 37 38 31 41 37.1 0.4

214 3.8 –0.4 11 46 43 31 32 46 .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

25 .. 3.4 0.3 0.5 28.3 4

24 58.9 3.5 88.4 12.5 –6.6 1

20 53.3 5.6 92.9 18.1 18.0 0

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

57 100 25.5 .. –205 790 0.3 200

60 225 7.2 1.0 –357 197 2.3 198

57 265 5.5 0.4 –143 304 1.5 158

18

2016  The Little Data Book


American Samoa East Asia & Pacific Population (thousands) Surface area (sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ millions) GNI, PPP ($ millions)

Upper middle income 55 200 .. ..

Population growth (%) Population living below $1.90 a day (%) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

0.2 .. .. ..

2000

2010

2014

.. .. .. .. .. 100 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

180 .. 98 62 .. .. ..

180 0.2 .. 100 62 .. .. ..

180 0.2 .. 100 63 .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. .. 3.5 .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

.. 100 .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. 157 .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. 137 .. .. .. .. .. ..

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

The Little Data Book  2016

19


Andorra Europe & Central Asia Population (thousands) Surface area (sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ millions)

High income 73 470 3.3 ..

Population growth (%) –4.2 Population living below $1.90 a day (%) .. GNI per capita, Atlas ($) 43,270 GNI per capita, PPP ($) ..

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)

2000

2010

2014

.. .. .. .. .. .. 5 .. 97 .. .. .. ..

.. .. 1.3 .. .. .. 3 .. 99 .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. 3 .. 96 .. .. .. ..

160

160 0.0 .. 100 100 .. .. ..

Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

.. 100 100 .. 8.0 ..

160 0.0 .. 100 100 .. 6.1 ..

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

1.4 1.2 29.2 0 14 77 .. .. .. .. ..

3.3 –5.3 1.6 0 14 78 .. .. .. .. ..

3.2 –0.1 0.0 1 10 79 .. .. .. .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. .. 36.0 10.5 .. 11

.. .. .. 84.1 81.0 .. ..

.. .. .. 82.6 95.9 .. ..

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

.. 100 .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

20

2016  The Little Data Book


Angola Sub-Saharan Africa Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Upper middle income 24.2 1,247 .. 139.1

Population growth (%) 3.3 Population living below $1.90 a day (%) 30.1 GNI per capita, Atlas ($) .. GNI per capita, PPP ($) 6,340 2000

2010

2014

3.2 45 6.9 924 6 45 217 50.8 41 .. 0.8 71 1.6

5.4 51 6.4 561 .. 47 183 29.2 93 43 0.8 70 2.3

.. 52 6.1 477 .. .. 157 .. 85 .. .. 70 2.4

597 0.4 46 32 498 0.6 82

585 0.2 0.5 47 46 632 1.4 227

579 0.2 0.5 49 52 655 .. 227

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

9.1 3.0 418.2 6 72 22 90 63 13 52.8 26.3

83.4 .. .. .. .. .. 62 43 29 35.2 0.9

138.4 .. .. .. .. .. 51 36 24 37.0 6.1

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

83 .. 6.4 0.2 0.1 –14.8 ..

66 45.6 4.2 48.1 10.0 19.1 ..

36 47.8 4.4 63.5 21.3 16.9 ..

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

120 100 9.8 20.9 173 .. 0.9 302

81 201 16.9 4.5 85 18.0 –3.2 237

68 240 28.4 11.9 102 0.0 1.9 231

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

The Little Data Book  2016

21


Antigua and Barbuda Latin America & Caribbean Population (thousands) Surface area (sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

91 440 1.2 1.9

High income Population growth (%) 1.0 Population living below $1.90 a day (%) .. GNI per capita, Atlas ($) 13,300 GNI per capita, PPP ($) 21,370 2000

2010

2014

.. 73 2.3 .. 53 100 16 .. 95 .. .. .. ..

.. 75 2.1 .. .. 100 10 .. 98 102 1.0 .. ..

.. 76 2.1 .. .. 100 8 .. 98 102 1.0 .. ..

100 .. 98 85 .. 4.4 ..

100 0.2 16.2 98 91 1,730 6.0 ..

100 0.0 22.1 98 .. .. .. ..

Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

784 5.0 14.5 2 16 82 60 64 31 15.4 –5.3

1,136 –7.1 1.4 2 19 79 46 60 28 20.9 –1.4

1,221 4.8 –3.0 2 18 80 45 59 26 19.9 –1.3

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. .. 28.3 6.5 80.9 0

21 42.2 .. 192.6 47.0 100.7 0

21 57.8 .. 132.1 64.0 84.6 0

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

59 100 .. .. –0.3 20.7 43 9.8

48 73 .. .. –0.1 20.2 97 19.1

45 57 .. .. –0.1 21.1 167 2.1

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

22

2016  The Little Data Book


Argentina Latin America & Caribbean Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

43.0 2,780 579.2 ..a

High income Population growth (%) 1.0 Population living below $1.90 a day (%) <2 13,480 GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) ..a

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

2000

2010

3.2 74 2.6 60 65 98 20 .. 91 98 1.0 58 0.3

4.4 75 2.4 58 .. 95 15 .. 98 105 1.0 61 0.4

319 .. 96 91 1,662 3.8 2,078

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

284 –0.8 1.0 5 28 67 11 12 16 .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

66 .. 1.1 17.6 7.0 34.5 9

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

18 100 .. 64.0 –90.0 86 10.4 52

The Little Data Book  2016

2014 4.8 76 2.3 52 77 97 13 .. 95 101 1.0 61 0.5

286 271 1.1 1.1 .. 12.9 98 99 95 96 1,910 1,895 4.3 .. 2,847 3,093 462 9.5b b 17.2 8 31 61 17 15 19 .. ..

538 0.5b 29.3b 8 29 63 15 14 20 .. ..

25 25 86.7 95.6 0.7 0.8 141.4 158.8 45.0 64.7 23.2 35.6 8 7 27 149 .. 17.1 –85.0 639 7.8 121

26 170 .. 13.7 30.0 502 6.1 49

23


Armenia Europe & Central Asia Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Lower middle income 3.0 30 12.1 25.4

Population growth (%) 0.5 Population living below $1.90 a day (%) 2.4 GNI per capita, Atlas ($) 4,020 GNI per capita, PPP ($) 8,450 2000

2010

2014

7.7 71 1.7 40 61 97 30 17.7 92 94 1.1 65 0.1

8.9 74 1.6 33 55 100 18 20.8 97 100 1.2 62 0.2

8.5 75 1.5 25 .. .. 14 .. 97 .. .. 64 0.2

3.3 25.3 93 89 655 1.1 1,295

3.3 0.1 41.7 98 90 838 1.4 1,676

3.3 –0.1 42.9 100 90 969 .. 1,870

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

1.9 5.9 –1.4 26 39 35 23 51 19 17.7 –0.7

9.3 2.2 7.8 19 37 44 21 45 33 22.6 –5.0

11.6 3.5 2.7 21 29 51 28 47 21 22.6 –1.3

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

18 .. 3.6 0.6 1.3 11.5 5

14 92.2 4.3 130.4 25.0 27.8 2

3 93.3 4.0 115.9 46.3 51.3 3

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

62 100 1.0 9.2 –144 0.1 104 216

52 127 6.3 29.7 –136 1.7 529 342

51 113 8.6 31.7 –10 2.1 404 265

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

24

2016  The Little Data Book


Aruba Latin America & Caribbean Population (thousands) Surface area (sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ millions) GNI, PPP ($ millions)

103 180 .. ..

High income Population growth (%) Population living below $1.90 a day (%) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)

0.5 .. .. ..

2000

2010

2014

.. 74 1.9 .. .. 96 .. .. .. 97 1.0 .. ..

.. 75 1.7 .. .. .. .. .. .. 95 1.0 .. ..

.. 75 1.7 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 1.0 .. ..

0.0

0.0 0.0 .. 98 98 .. .. ..

Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

.. 94 98 .. 25.5 ..

0.0 0.0 .. 97 98 .. 24.2 ..

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

1.9 –0.4 9.1 0 17 82 74 71 25 .. ..

2.5 –5.7 –5.1 0 16 83 62 75 28 .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. .. 16.5 15.4 44.1 ..

.. .. .. 129.7 62.0 57.5 3

.. .. .. 135.1 83.8 .. 5

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

272 100 .. .. 6.3 7.9 –128 –7.4

67 99 .. .. –0.4 5.0 187 ..

.. 133 .. .. 1.3 7.3 248 ..

The Little Data Book  2016

25


Australia East Asia & Pacific Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

High income 23.5 7,741 1,516.2 1,049.1

Population growth (%) 1.5 Population living below $1.90 a day (%) .. GNI per capita, Atlas ($) 64,600 GNI per capita, PPP ($) 44,700

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

2000

2010

2014

6.9 79 1.8 9 71 100 6 .. 91 .. 1.0 63 ..

7.1 82 1.9 6 .. .. 5 1.8 94 .. 1.0 66 ..

.. 82 1.9 6 .. .. 4 .. 93 .. 1.0 65 ..

1,288 4.4 100 100 5,644 17.2 10,194

1,232 1,248 0.4 –0.2 3.8 4.0 100 100 100 100 5,649 5,483 16.7 .. 10,747 10,134

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

415 3.9 2.6 3 27 70 19 21 26 26.0 1.7

1,142 2.0 1.0 2 27 71 19 20 28 23.4 –4.0

1,455 2.5 1.4 2 27 71 21 21 27 24.6 –1.5

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

3 .. 1.9 44.5 46.8 93.4 15

3 .. 2.0 100.4 76.0 154.3 12

3 .. 1.8 131.2 84.6 165.9 14

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

33 100 .. .. 575 1.9 13.6 ..

36 179 .. .. 1,133 1.9 35.2 ..

33 165 .. .. 1,023 2.3 46.3 ..

26

2016  The Little Data Book


Austria Europe & Central Asia Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

High income 8.5 84 423.9 404.9

Population growth (%) 0.8 Population living below $1.90 a day (%) .. GNI per capita, Atlas ($) 49,600 GNI per capita, PPP ($) 47,380

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

2000

2010

2014

.. 78 1.4 5 .. .. 6 .. 75 101 1.0 58 ..

8.0 81 1.4 4 70 .. 4 .. 76 99 1.0 61 ..

7.8 81 1.4 4 .. .. 4 .. 76 99 1.0 61 ..

38 6.6 100 100 3,562 7.8 7,076

39 –0.1 .. 100 100 4,080 8.1 8,382

39 0.0 6.6 100 100 3,752 .. 8,513

196 3.4 1.4 2 32 67 43 42 26 43.3 –3.0

390 1.9 1.0 1 29 70 51 48 23 31.2 –3.4

437 0.4 1.6 1 28 71 53 49 23 32.3 –1.4

25 .. 1.0 76.3 33.7 120.8 15

25 .. 0.8 145.7 75.2 135.6 12

22 .. 0.7 151.9 81.0 126.9 14

71 100 .. .. 178 1.8 8.5 ..

80 91 .. .. 154 2.5 –22.0 ..

82 88 .. .. 147 3.3 8.2 ..

The Little Data Book  2016

27


Azerbaijan Europe & Central Asia Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Upper middle income 9.5 87 72.4 161.3

Population growth (%) 1.2 Population living below $1.90 a day (%) <2 GNI per capita, Atlas ($) 7,600 GNI per capita, PPP ($) 16,920 2000

2010

2014

7.4 67 2.0 48 55 84 74 24.1 67 90 .. 64 0.1

.. 70 1.9 27 55 99 39 26.8 89 90 1.0 65 0.1

.. 71 2.0 25 .. .. 32 18.0 98 98 1.0 67 0.1

9 124.1 74 66 1,403 3.7 2,040

10 –1.5 150.5 83 82 1,280 3.4 1,603

11 –2.5 147.5 87 89 1,474 .. 2,093

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

5.3 11.1 12.5 17 45 38 39 38 21 17.6 –4.7

52.9 4.9 13.8 6 64 30 54 21 18 46.8 15.4

75.2 2.0 0.2 6 58 36 43 26 26 41.8 6.1

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

105 .. 2.3 5.2 0.1 9.6 5

8 78.9 2.8 100.1 46.0 23.0 1

3 67.8 4.8 110.9 61.0 33.8 7

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

55 100 1.5 6.4 10.7 0.1 0.1 139

63 155 7.0 1.4 –96.8 1.4 3.4 160

50 184 11.7 5.2 –16.1 1.8 4.4 215

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

28

2016  The Little Data Book


Bahamas, The Latin America & Caribbean Population (thousands) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

383 14 8.0 8.5

High income Population growth (%) 1.4 Population living below $1.90 a day (%) .. GNI per capita, Atlas ($) 20,980 GNI per capita, PPP ($) 22,290 2000

2010

2014

.. 72 2.1 61 45 99 16 .. 93 82 1.0 71 ..

.. 75 1.9 85 .. 99 14 .. 94 93 1.0 74 ..

.. 75 1.9 80 .. 98 12 .. 92 .. .. 74 ..

5.2 .. 97 89 .. 5.6 ..

5.2 0.0 .. 98 91 2,072 6.8 ..

5.2 0.0 .. 98 92 .. .. ..

6.3 4.1 0.9 3 18 80 44 47 28 .. ..

7.9 1.5 –0.4 2 16 81 41 49 25 .. ..

8.5 1.0 –0.1 2 21 77 44 61 29 .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. .. 10.6 8.0 67.3 7

24 .. .. 118.8 43.0 105.3 0

29 .. .. 82.3 76.9 102.6 0

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

42 100 .. .. 15.5 .. 250 ..

42 83 .. .. 14.4 .. 872 ..

48 81 .. .. 9.7 .. 266 ..

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

The Little Data Book  2016

29


Bahrain Middle East & North Africa Population (millions) Surface area (sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

1.4 770 28.4 50.8

High income Population growth (%) 0.9 Population living below $1.90 a day (%) .. GNI per capita, Atlas ($) 21,060 GNI per capita, PPP ($) 37,680

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

2000

2010

2014

.. 75 2.8 21 .. .. 13 .. 98 100 1.0 66 ..

.. 76 2.1 16 .. 100 8 .. 99 .. .. 71 ..

.. 77 2.1 15 .. .. 6 .. 99 .. .. 70 ..

0.0 .. 99 99 11,948 28.0 19,947

10.0 10.0 –3.6 –2.8 8,935.0 8,935.0 100 100 99 99 9,952 10,172 18.4 .. 17,746 18,217

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

9.1 5.3 30.0 .. .. .. 79 57 17 28.9 7.5

25.7 4.3 7.4 .. .. .. 70 51 27 22.2 –4.8

33.9 4.5 –1.5 .. .. .. 71 44 16 .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. 4.0 30.8 6.2 33.9 0

9 .. 3.3 125.2 55.0 67.1 0

9 .. 4.2 173.3 91.0 75.1 1

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

119 100 .. .. 134 .. 364 60.4

106 126 .. .. 317 .. 156 ..

102 125 .. .. 30 .. 958 ..

30

2016  The Little Data Book


Bangladesh South Asia Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Lower middle income 159.1 148 171.3 529.9

Population growth (%) 1.2 Population living below $1.90 a day (%) 43.7 GNI per capita, Atlas ($) 1,080 GNI per capita, PPP ($) 3,330

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)

2000

2010

2014

8.7 65 3.2 399 54 12 88 50.8 74 .. .. 71 0.1

8.9 70 2.3 242 61 27 50 41.4 88 66 1.1 71 0.1

.. 72 2.2 176 62 42 38 36.1 89 .. .. 71 0.1

15

14 0.2 34.2 87 61 216 .. 293

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

.. 76 45 139 0.2 102

14 0.2 .. 84 56 201 0.4 241

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

53.4 5.3 3.4 24 23 53 12 17 24 8.6 –0.6

115.3 5.6 7.1 18 26 56 16 22 26 9.7 –0.8

172.9 6.1 5.7 16 28 56 19 26 29 .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. 1.2 0.2 0.1 30.2 0

.. 68.9 1.2 44.9 3.7 57.4 0

20 76.7 1.2 80.0 9.6 58.6 ..

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ billions)

29 100 15.6 10.6 –1,700 2.0 0.3 1.2

41 61 25.8 4.7 –3,571 10.9 1.2 1.4

42 59 34.9 5.2 –2,226 15.0 2.5 2.4

The Little Data Book  2016

31


Barbados Latin America & Caribbean Population (thousands) Surface area (sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

283 430 4.3 4.3

High income Population growth (%) 0.3 Population living below $1.90 a day (%) .. GNI per capita, Atlas ($) 15,310 GNI per capita, PPP ($) 15,190 2000

2010

2014

.. 73 1.7 48 55 98 16 .. 94 98 1.0 70 ..

.. 75 1.8 33 .. 100 15 .. 85 96 1.0 71 ..

.. 75 1.8 27 .. 98 13 7.7 95 96 1.0 71 ..

60 .. 98 87 .. 4.4 ..

60 0.0 101.3 99 94 1,452 5.4 ..

60 0.0 101.3 100 96 .. .. ..

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

3.1 4.5 –1.4 .. .. .. 42 46 18 27.8 –2.4

4.4 0.3 –3.7 .. .. .. 46 50 14 27.1 –8.0

4.4 0.2 1.5 .. .. .. 37 48 13 27.0 –12.2

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. .. 10.7 4.0 58.2 23

18 .. .. 124.8 65.1 106.5 12

18 .. .. 128.7 76.7 .. 16

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

46 100 .. .. –0.1 115 19 0.2

45 118 .. .. 2.1 82 669 16.2

50 114 .. .. 2.2 87 275 ..

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

32

2016  The Little Data Book


Belarus Europe & Central Asia Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Upper middle income 9.5 208 69.5 166.8

Population growth (%) 0.0 Population living below $1.90 a day (%) <2 GNI per capita, Atlas ($) 7,340 GNI per capita, PPP ($) 17,610

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)

2000

2010

2014

8.4 69 1.3 26 .. 100 14 .. 98 102 1.0 58 0.1

9.0 70 1.4 5 .. 100 6 .. 99 106 1.0 55 0.4

9.7 73 1.6 4 63 100 5 .. 99 98 1.0 56 0.5

83

86 –0.2 4.5 100 94 2,882 .. 3,648

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

5.4 100 95 2,456 5.3 2,989

85 –0.3 5.0 100 95 2,900 6.6 3,564

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

12.7 5.8 185.3 14 39 47 69 72 25 28.7 0.1

55.2 7.7 11.1 11 42 47 53 67 41 31.4 –1.5

76.1 1.6 18.1 9 42 49 57 58 33 30.0 0.1

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

79 .. 1.3 0.5 1.9 19.2 4

10 85.6 1.4 108.9 31.8 45.3 3

3 87.8 1.3 122.5 59.0 42.8 4

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

125 100 2.6 4.9 –6 139 0.1 ..

109 101 28.4 5.8 64 575 1.4 139

101 117 40.0 12.1 121 1,231 1.9 120

The Little Data Book  2016

33


Belgium Europe & Central Asia Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

High income 11.2 31 530.6 495.2

Population growth (%) 0.4 Population living below $1.90 a day (%) .. GNI per capita, Atlas ($) 47,240 GNI per capita, PPP ($) 44,090

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

34

2016  The Little Data Book

2000

2010

2014

.. 78 1.7 9 76 99 6 .. 82 .. 1.1 52 ..

8.5 80 1.9 8 70 .. 5 .. 95 89 1.0 54 ..

8.6 81 1.8 7 .. .. 4 .. 96 90 1.1 53 ..

6.7 56.2 100 100 5,714 11.2 8,248

6.8 –0.2 51.8 100 100 5,598 10.0 8,388

6.8 –0.1 51.5 100 100 4,810 .. 7,967

238 3.6 2.0 1 28 71 72 69 24 42.2 –0.4

484 2.7 1.9 1 23 76 76 75 23 26.2 –3.0

532 1.3 0.7 1 22 77 84 83 23 28.4 –2.4

56 .. 1.3 54.8 29.4 116.1 11

4 .. 1.1 111.1 75.0 113.7 10

4 .. 1.0 114.3 85.0 116.0 13

154 100 .. .. 248 4.0 18 ..

165 96 .. .. 267 10.4 111 ..

174 95 .. .. 270 11.5 –20 ..


Belize Latin America & Caribbean Population (thousands) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

352 23 1.5 2.6

Upper middle income Population growth (%) Population living below $1.90 a day (%) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

2.2 13.9 4,350 7,590

2000

2010

2014

3.2 68 3.6 53 56 100 25 .. 96 100 1.0 62 1.5

.. 70 2.7 37 55 94 19 19.3 98 101 1.0 65 1.3

.. 70 2.6 28 .. .. 17 .. 95 102 1.0 66 1.2

15 0.7 85 83 .. 2.8 ..

14 0.5 .. 97 89 597 1.7 ..

14 0.4 0.7 100 91 .. .. ..

Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

832 13.0 0.5 17 21 62 53 74 32 20.4 –5.7

1,397 3.3 1.1 13 22 65 58 57 13 27.4 –1.2

1,699 3.6 1.0 15 19 66 61 66 18 26.1 –0.2

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. 0.9 7.0 6.0 43.5 0

43 61.1 1.1 62.9 28.2 69.6 5

43 54.4 1.0 50.7 38.7 57.7 0

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

89 100 0.5 15.3 5.8 26.4 23 14.7

85 99 1.3 14.6 8.7 78.1 96 24.5

94 100 1.3 8.4 7.6 80.3 141 36.0

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

The Little Data Book  2016

35


Benin Sub-Saharan Africa Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Low income 10.6 115 9.5 21.4

Population growth (%) Population living below $1.90 a day (%) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)

2.6 53.1 890 2,020

2000

2010

2014

7.0 55 6.0 572 19 66 145 39.1 70 37 0.6 72 1.4

6.1 59 5.1 446 17 74 112 44.7 68 65 0.8 73 1.2

.. 60 4.8 405 18 77 100 34.0 63 76 0.8 73 1.1

51

43 1.1 1.3 78 20 393 .. ..

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

1.3 66 12 285 0.2 57

46 1.0 .. 75 17 384 0.5 84

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

2.6 5.9 4.3 26 32 42 21 35 24 14.6 0.6

7.0 2.1 0.9 26 25 49 24 37 23 17.3 1.9

9.6 6.5 –1.3 23 23 53 36 45 25 16.8 2.7

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

35 .. 0.6 0.8 0.2 7.4 0

34 55.6 0.9 74.4 3.1 17.2 1

12 66.7 1.0 99.7 5.3 20.4 4

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

39 100 1.4 13.6 98.8 87 60 243

48 121 1.6 3.3 50.0 139 53 690

47 115 2.0 4.2 –10.0 217 377 600

36

2016  The Little Data Book


Bermuda North America Population (thousands) Surface area (sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

High income 65 50 6.9 4.3

Population growth (%) 0.3 Population living below $1.90 a day (%) .. 106,140 GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 66,560 2000

2010

2014

.. 78 1.7 .. .. .. .. .. .. 97 1.0 .. ..

.. 79 1.8 .. .. .. .. .. .. 100 1.1 .. ..

.. 81 1.6 .. .. .. .. .. .. 79 1.1 .. ..

10.0 .. .. .. .. 8.0 ..

10.0 0.0 .. .. .. .. 7.3 ..

10.0 0.0 .. .. .. .. .. ..

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

3.5 9.3 –4.2 1 12 88 .. .. .. .. ..

5.7 –2.1 1.0 1 8 91 47 30 13 .. ..

5.6 –2.5 3.2 1 6 93 48 30 12 .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. .. 20.7 42.9 .. ..

.. .. .. 135.8 84.2 .. ..

.. .. .. 90.9 96.8 .. 28

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

22 100 .. .. .. .. 67 ..

17 72 .. .. .. 1.3 223 ..

18 113 .. .. .. 1.3 –17 ..

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

The Little Data Book  2016

37


Bhutan South Asia

Lower middle income

Population (thousands) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

765 38 1.8 5.6

Population growth (%) Population living below $1.90 a day (%) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

1.4 2.2 2,370 7,280

2000

2010

2014

0.3 61 3.6 423 31 24 80 47.7 78 51 0.9 67 ..

6.7 68 2.3 204 66 65 42 33.6 95 90 1.0 72 ..

6.8 69 2.0 148 .. 75 33 .. 97 97 1.0 73 ..

26 .. 84 31 .. 0.7 ..

27 –0.4 .. 96 47 358 0.7 ..

28 –0.4 0.4 100 50 .. .. ..

439 6.9 2.3 27 36 37 29 53 48 22.9 –2.4

1,585 11.7 6.0 17 45 38 42 71 62 22.9 0.5

1,959 5.5 7.6 18 43 39 36 57 58 .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

62 .. .. 0.0 0.4 2.9 0

46 75.6 .. 55.0 13.6 45.6 0

15 68.9 .. 82.1 34.4 47.3 0

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

63 100 212 .. 35.0 .. 1.1 53

94 133 935 14.4 16.8 8.3 75.3 130

70 123 1,840 12.2 10.0 14.3 8.4 130

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

38

2016  The Little Data Book


Bolivia Latin America & Caribbean Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

10.6 1,099 30.3 66.4

Lower middle income Population growth (%) 1.5 Population living below $1.90 a day (%) 7.7 GNI per capita, Atlas ($) 2,870 GNI per capita, PPP ($) 6,290

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)

2000

2010

2014

0.8 61 4.1 334 53 69 80 32.5 84 100 1.0 71 0.2

3.7 66 3.2 253 61 84 47 27.2 88 98 1.0 72 0.3

3.4 68 3.0 206 .. 85 38 .. 95 96 1.0 73 0.3

601

548 0.5 0.7 90 50 786 .. 705

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

.. 79 38 588 1.2 420

562 0.7 .. 87 47 645 1.5 604

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

8.4 2.5 5.2 15 30 55 18 27 18 .. ..

19.6 4.1 8.8 13 37 50 41 34 17 .. ..

33.0 5.5 2.0 13 37 50 43 42 21 .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

60 .. 2.1 6.9 1.4 62.0 40

50 66.7 1.7 70.7 22.4 49.4 8

50 78.9 1.5 96.3 39.0 55.2 8

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

36 100 5.9 39.8 –90.0 127 736 482

61 201 5.7 9.4 –84.0 960 622 715

69 203 8.8 7.3 –61.8 1,184 73 672

The Little Data Book  2016

39


Bosnia and Herzegovina Europe & Central Asia Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Upper middle income 3.8 51 18.5 40.3

Population growth (%) –0.2 Population living below $1.90 a day (%) <2 GNI per capita, Atlas ($) 4,840 GNI per capita, PPP ($) 10,550 2000

2010

2014

8.9 74 1.4 17 48 100 9 12.1 80 .. .. 45 ..

7.5 76 1.3 13 36 100 7 11.8 91 .. .. 45 ..

.. 76 1.3 11 46 100 5 8.9 89 .. .. 45 ..

22 .. 98 95 1,146 3.6 2,008

22 0.0 0.9 99 95 1,690 5.5 3,049

22 0.0 0.9 100 95 1,688 .. 3,219

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

5.5 5.5 28.8 11 23 66 29 76 21 .. ..

17.2 0.8 1.5 8 27 64 30 51 16 23.1 –2.0

18.5 1.1 1.0 7 27 66 34 57 18 22.9 –1.7

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

68 .. 3.6 2.4 1.1 37.4 2

94 62.2 1.3 80.9 42.8 53.2 3

67 67.8 1.1 91.3 60.8 60.3 2

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

76 100 2.8 14.2 34.8 1.6 146 738

82 100 9.9 14.1 3.7 1.8 444 508

91 98 10.6 11.8 –2.5 2.1 497 632

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

40

2016  The Little Data Book


Botswana Sub-Saharan Africa Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Upper middle income 2.2 582 16.1 35.6

Population growth (%) 2.0 Population living below $1.90 a day (%) 18.2 GNI per capita, Atlas ($) 7,240 GNI per capita, PPP ($) 16,030 2000

2010

2014

2.3 49 3.4 311 44 94 83 29.1 91 90 1.0 75 29.0

2.8 63 2.9 169 53 95 54 31.4 96 96 1.0 77 26.0

.. 64 2.8 129 .. .. 44 .. 97 100 1.0 77 25.2

125 8.1 95 52 1,034 2.5 1,094

114 1.0 .. 96 61 1,066 2.6 1,555

108 0.9 8.1 96 63 1,098 .. 1,564

5.8 2.0 14.2 3 51 46 52 40 30 .. ..

12.8 8.6 8.9 3 37 61 38 50 41 36.3 –7.5

15.8 4.4 8.0 2 39 58 50 43 31 36.7 1.4

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

125 .. 3.2 12.7 2.9 –65.7 1

59 60.0 2.7 120.0 6.0 10.9 0

48 45.6 1.9 167.3 18.5 8.5 0

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

82 100 0.5 2.0 21.3 26.2 57 31

81 85 1.8 1.3 18.7 22.3 136 153

98 85 2.4 0.6 20.0 48.3 393 100

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

The Little Data Book  2016

41


Brazil Latin America & Caribbean Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

206.1 8,516 2,429.7 3,209.4

Upper middle income Population growth (%) 0.9 Population living below $1.90 a day (%) 4.9 GNI per capita, Atlas ($) 11,790 GNI per capita, PPP ($) 15,570 2000

2010

2014

2.4 70 2.4 66 .. 96 32 .. 99 .. .. 68 ..

3.3 73 1.8 65 81 98 17 7.1 99 .. .. 70 ..

3.3 74 1.8 44 .. 98 16 .. 97 .. .. 70 ..

5,213 .. 94 75 1,066 1.9 1,887

4,985 0.4 1.0 97 81 1,339 2.1 2,339

4,935 0.2 1.3 98 83 1,438 .. 2,529

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

655 4.1 5.9 6 27 68 10 12 19 19.6 –1.8

2,209 7.5 8.4 5 27 68 11 12 22 25.4 –1.6

2,417 0.1 6.9 5 24 71 11 14 21 23.8 –1.8

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. 1.7 13.3 2.9 70.7 19

.. 83.3 1.5 100.9 40.7 93.4 11

83 65.6 1.3 139.0 57.6 105.1 11

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

17 100 242 85.9 0.0 1.6 32.8 231

18 131 352 18.4 0.0 2.8 53.3 450

19 130 557 21.6 15.9 2.6 96.9 912

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

42

2016  The Little Data Book


Brunei Darussalam East Asia & Pacific Population (thousands) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

High income 417 5.8 15.1 29.3

Population growth (%) 1.4 Population living below $1.90 a day (%) .. GNI per capita, Atlas ($) 37,320 GNI per capita, PPP ($) 72,190 2000

2010

2014

.. 75 2.3 31 .. 99 9 .. 99 116 1.0 68 ..

.. 78 2.0 27 .. 100 9 19.7 94 106 1.0 65 ..

.. 79 1.9 23 .. .. 10 .. 97 101 1.0 64 ..

4.0 .. .. .. 7,214 18.5 7,605

3.8 0.4 .. .. .. 8,239 21.9 8,706

3.8 0.0 1.1 .. .. 7,393 .. 9,704

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

6.0 2.8 29.0 1 64 35 67 36 13 .. ..

12.4 2.6 5.3 1 67 32 81 33 16 .. ..

17.1 –2.3 10.1 1 68 31 71 36 27 .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. 4.1 28.6 9.0 38.6 0

108 .. 3.2 108.6 53.0 25.1 ..

14 .. 3.1 110.1 68.8 25.5 8

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

83 100 .. .. 2.3 .. 61 ..

93 181 .. .. 2.4 .. 481 ..

82 201 .. .. 2.1 .. 568 ..

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

The Little Data Book  2016

43


Bulgaria Europe & Central Asia Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Upper middle income 7.2 111 55.0 121.6

Population growth (%) –0.6 Population living below $1.90 a day (%) 2.0 GNI per capita, Atlas ($) 7,620 GNI per capita, PPP ($) 16,840 2000

2010

2014

7.1 72 1.3 21 63 100 21 .. 89 97 1.0 50 ..

6.3 74 1.6 11 69 100 13 .. 97 105 1.0 53 ..

6.2 75 1.5 11 .. 100 10 .. 93 99 1.0 53 ..

34 27.1 100 86 2,277 5.3 3,674

37 –1.0 29.5 100 86 2,416 6.0 4,560

38 –0.5 29.1 99 86 2,327 .. 4,640

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

13.1 5.0 7.2 13 26 62 36 42 19 32.3 –0.4

49.9 0.1 1.2 5 28 68 54 56 23 28.2 –3.3

56.7 1.6 0.4 5 27 68 65 66 21 28.5 –0.8

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

32 .. 2.7 9.2 5.4 17.1 3

18 91.1 1.8 138.0 46.2 67.9 8

18 84.4 1.5 137.7 55.5 62.5 7

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

87 100 12.0 18.2 –83.0 0.1 1.0 ..

92 110 50.6 12.2 –83.0 1.4 1.2 ..

113 108 48.7 15.2 –50.0 1.7 2.0 ..

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

44

2016  The Little Data Book


Burkina Faso Sub-Saharan Africa Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Low income 17.6 274 12.3 28.2

Population growth (%) Population living below $1.90 a day (%) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)

2.9 55.3 700 1,600

2000

2010

2014

5.8 50 6.6 547 12 31 186 45.5 48 25 0.7 83 2.4

6.7 57 5.9 417 16 66 114 35.1 92 47 0.9 84 1.1

.. 59 5.5 371 .. .. 89 .. 88 61 0.9 83 0.9

62

54 1.1 6.5 82 20 .. .. ..

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

5.7 60 12 .. 0.09 ..

56 1.0 6.5 78 17 .. 0.11 ..

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

2.6 1.8 –0.8 33 22 46 10 25 20 11.7 –4.6

9.0 8.4 3.8 36 23 41 19 30 27 15.3 –4.5

12.5 4.0 –0.4 34 23 43 29 36 31 18.7 –3.9

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

40 .. 1.4 0.2 0.1 14.3 3

14 62.2 1.4 36.7 2.4 16.1 8

13 67.8 1.3 71.7 9.4 28.8 11

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ billions)

31 100 1.4 18.8 –125 67 23 0.2

41 121 2.1 2.5 –125 120 39 1.0

50 114 2.5 2.7 –125 121 342 1.1

The Little Data Book  2016

45


Burundi Sub-Saharan Africa Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Low income 10.8 28 2.9 8.3

Population growth (%) Population living below $1.90 a day (%) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)

3.3 77.7 270 770

2000

2010

2014

5.1 51 7.1 954 16 25 152 63.1 72 24 0.8 84 3.3

.. 55 6.3 808 22 60 99 57.5 92 50 0.9 82 1.6

.. 57 5.9 712 .. .. 82 .. 94 67 1.0 83 1.1

2.0

2.8 –1.8 2.9 76 48 .. .. ..

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

2.9 72 44 .. 0.04 ..

2.5 –2.5 .. 75 47 .. 0.02 ..

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

0.9 –0.9 38.9 48 17 35 6 16 3 15.8 –2.4

2.0 3.8 12.3 40 17 43 9 39 31 .. ..

3.1 4.7 8.3 39 18 42 8 34 28 .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

13 .. 4.9 0.2 0.1 21.6 0

13 54.4 2.7 18.2 1.0 25.1 8

4 55.6 2.0 30.5 1.4 23.4 1

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

23 100 1,126 40.9 113 .. 11.7 93

30 153 621 2.4 164 34.5 0.8 629

29 138 690 13.7 40 50.8 6.9 502

46

2016  The Little Data Book


Cabo Verde Sub-Saharan Africa Population (thousands) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Lower middle income 514 4.0 1.8 3.2

Population growth (%) 1.3 Population living below $1.90 a day (%) 17.6 GNI per capita, Atlas ($) 3,450 GNI per capita, PPP ($) 6,200 2000

2010

2014

4.2 70 3.7 83 53 89 36 .. 86 102 1.0 64 0.8

5.0 73 2.5 51 .. .. 28 .. 97 98 1.0 67 1.0

.. 73 2.3 42 .. .. 25 .. 93 100 1.0 68 1.1

820 7.3 82 44 .. 0.4 ..

850 –0.4 .. 89 64 214 0.6 ..

900 –1.1 7.3 92 72 .. .. ..

Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

539 14.3 –7.9 13 22 65 27 61 .. .. ..

1,664 1.5 0.5 8 18 74 29 58 48 26.0 –0.4

1,871 2.8 –0.9 8 17 75 .. .. .. .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. 1.3 4.5 1.8 64.7 1

11 73.3 0.5 76.3 30.0 76.1 1

10 66.7 0.6 121.8 40.3 84.6 0

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

45 100 320 10.7 –9.9 87 33 94

47 103 892 5.6 –25.9 131 116 328

45 101 1,537 4.9 –11.1 191 132 230

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

The Little Data Book  2016

47


Cambodia East Asia & Pacific Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Low income 15.3 181 15.6 47.2

Population growth (%) Population living below $1.90 a day (%) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)

1.6 6.2 1,020 3,080

2000

2010

2014

.. 58 3.8 484 24 32 108 49.2 65 51 0.8 79 1.7

8.4 66 2.9 202 51 71 43 40.9 93 85 0.9 83 0.8

9.1 68 2.6 161 56 89 29 32.4 94 96 .. 83 0.6

115

95 1.3 1.8 76 42 396 .. 221

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

.. 42 16 280 0.2 33

101 1.3 1.8 64 34 369 0.3 144

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

3.7 8.8 –3.2 38 23 39 50 62 18 10.3 –3.4

11.2 6.0 3.1 36 23 41 54 60 17 11.5 –3.5

16.8 7.1 1.7 30 27 43 62 67 22 15.2 –1.0

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

94 .. 2.2 1.1 0.0 6.4 0

102 73.3 1.6 56.7 1.3 22.7 0

87 76.7 1.7 132.7 9.0 47.2 0

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

91 100 2.6 1.7 –35 121 149 396

106 74 3.7 1.0 –296 153 735 733

145 69 6.8 1.4 –150 377 1,730 799

48

2016  The Little Data Book


Cameroon Sub-Saharan Africa Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Lower middle income 22.8 475 30.8 67.1

Population growth (%) Population living below $1.90 a day (%) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)

2.5 29.3 1,350 2,950

2000

2010

2014

6.2 52 5.6 750 26 60 150 36.7 49 49 0.9 69 5.5

5.8 54 5.0 676 23 64 105 32.6 79 70 0.9 70 5.1

.. 55 4.7 596 34 65 88 .. 80 72 0.9 70 4.8

221

188 1.1 0.4 76 46 331 .. 278

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

0.4 62 42 396 0.2 171

199 1.0 .. 72 45 338 0.3 258

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

9.3 4.2 2.9 22 36 42 23 20 17 14.1 0.1

23.6 3.3 2.6 23 30 47 17 23 19 .. ..

32.1 5.9 2.4 22 30 48 22 31 21 .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

45 .. 1.3 0.6 0.3 14.4 1

19 66.7 1.5 41.9 4.3 10.3 5

15 55.6 1.3 75.7 11.0 16.3 5

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

36 100 10.6 20.8 –90.0 30 159 377

38 152 3.2 3.6 –90.0 115 536 541

37 156 5.3 2.7 –60.0 251 501 852

The Little Data Book  2016

49


Canada North America Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

High income 35.5 9,985 1,835.1 1,576.5

Population growth (%) 1.1 Population living below $1.90 a day (%) .. GNI per capita, Atlas ($) 51,630 GNI per capita, PPP ($) 44,350

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

2000

2010

2014

6.9 79 1.5 9 74 98 6 .. 96 97 1.0 65 ..

7.1 81 1.6 8 .. 100 6 .. 95 .. 1.0 67 ..

.. 82 1.6 7 .. .. 5 .. 95 .. 1.0 66 ..

3,478 .. 100 100 8,174 17.4 16,991

3,473 3,471 0.0 0.0 1.4 1.4 100 100 100 100 7,392 7,247 14.6 .. 15,342 15,519

739 5.1 4.3 .. .. .. 44 39 21 .. ..

1,614 3.4 2.6 2 28 71 29 31 23 13.9 –2.4

1,785 2.4 1.8 .. .. .. 32 33 24 13.9 –0.6

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

4 .. 1.1 28.4 51.3 111.5 20

6 .. 1.2 75.7 80.3 173.1 14

2 .. 1.0 81.0 87.1 .. 15

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

71 100 .. .. 1,027 .. 66.1 ..

49 123 .. .. 1,230 1.2 28.6 ..

53 125 .. .. 1,176 1.2 57.2 ..

50

2016  The Little Data Book


Cayman Islands Latin America & Caribbean Population (thousands) Surface area (sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ millions) GNI, PPP ($ millions)

59 264 .. ..

High income Population growth (%) Population living below $1.90 a day (%) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

1.4 .. .. ..

2000

2010

2014

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

130 .. 93 96 .. 10.9 ..

130 0.0 .. 97 96 .. 10.2 ..

130 0.0 .. 97 96 .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. 0 5 .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. 0 5 .. .. .. .. .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. .. 25.7 .. .. ..

.. .. .. 181.2 66.0 .. ..

.. .. .. 153.7 74.1 .. ..

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

.. 100 .. .. .. .. 7.6 ..

.. 74 .. .. .. .. 8.7 ..

.. 62 .. .. .. .. 18.6 ..

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

The Little Data Book  2016

51


Central African Republic Sub-Saharan Africa Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Low income 4.8 623 1.6 2.9

Population growth (%) Population living below $1.90 a day (%) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)

2.0 66.3 320 600

2000

2010

2014

5.2 45 5.4 1,200 28 44 175 44.6 36 .. 0.7 78 9.6

3.3 48 4.6 909 15 54 150 40.7 53 40 0.7 79 5.2

.. 51 4.3 882 .. .. 130 .. 49 44 0.7 79 4.3

224

222 0.1 0.1 69 22 .. .. ..

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

0.0 63 17 .. 0.07 ..

222 0.1 0.1 67 21 .. 0.06 ..

Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

915 –2.5 8.5 52 15 33 20 25 11 .. ..

1,986 3.0 2.0 54 14 32 12 27 14 9.9 –9.0

1,723 1.0 11.0 58 12 30 12 37 10 11.1 0.7

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

22 .. 1.1 0.1 0.1 12.0 0

24 55.6 2.6 22.5 2.0 22.7 17

22 52.2 .. 24.5 4.0 33.6 0

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

30 100 872 .. –45.0 .. 0.9 75

22 81 614 .. 5.0 .. 61.5 261

20 74 657 .. 10.0 .. 3.5 610

52

2016  The Little Data Book


Chad Sub-Saharan Africa Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Low income 13.6 1,284 13.3 28.2

Population growth (%) Population living below $1.90 a day (%) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)

3.3 38.4 980 2,070

2000

2010

2014

6.3 48 7.4 1,370 8 16 190 39.3 28 22 0.6 72 3.3

4.9 50 6.6 1,040 5 23 160 38.7 46 31 0.7 72 3.0

.. 52 6.2 856 .. .. 139 .. 54 38 0.7 72 2.5

63

49 2.4 5.9 51 12 .. .. ..

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

5.7 45 10 .. 0.02 ..

55 1.4 5.9 50 12 .. 0.04 ..

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

1.4 –0.9 5.3 42 11 46 17 35 23 .. ..

10.7 13.6 6.4 53 12 34 37 44 34 .. ..

13.9 7.3 0.3 53 15 32 34 42 34 .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

62 .. 1.5 0.1 0.0 12.3 ..

62 56.7 5.8 24.5 1.7 7.6 ..

60 65.6 .. 39.8 2.5 11.0 ..

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

36 100 1.1 .. 219 .. 115 131

56 177 2.2 .. 70 .. 313 491

57 197 2.9 .. 100 .. 761 388

The Little Data Book  2016

53


Channel Islands Europe & Central Asia Population (thousands) Surface area (sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ millions)

High income 163 190 .. ..

Population growth (%) Population living below $1.90 a day (%) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

54

2016  The Little Data Book

0.5 .. .. ..

2000

2010

2014

.. 78 1.4 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 60 ..

.. 80 1.4 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 59 ..

.. 81 1.5 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 59 ..

8.0 .. .. .. .. .. ..

8.0 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

8.0 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

6.4 5.8 3.9 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

11.5 5.9 3.3 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. 4.6 .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. 4.5 .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. 3.7 .. .. ..


Chile Latin America & Caribbean Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

17.8 756 264.8 378.7

High income Population growth (%) 1.1 Population living below $1.90 a day (%) <2 GNI per capita, Atlas ($) 14,910 GNI per capita, PPP ($) 21,320 2000

2010

2014

3.7 77 2.1 31 61 100 11 2.8 97 .. 1.0 55 0.2

4.5 80 1.8 26 58 100 9 2.0 93 96 1.0 60 0.3

4.6 81 1.8 22 .. 100 8 1.8 94 97 1.0 62 0.3

158 .. 95 92 1,659 3.9 2,528

162 –0.2 4.0 98 98 1,813 4.2 3,316

177 –1.8 4.0 99 99 2,187 .. 3,879

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

79 4.5 10.3 6 32 62 29 29 23 20.5 –1.4

218 5.8 8.8 3 40 57 38 32 22 21.5 –0.4

258 1.9 5.4 3 35 62 34 32 21 21.0 –0.6

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

42 .. 2.7 22.0 16.6 69.9 3

35 94.4 2.2 115.8 45.0 104.8 5

6 95.6 2.0 133.3 72.4 120.3 6

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

48 100 .. .. 94 13 4.9 49

60 157 .. .. 139 4 15.7 197

57 135 .. .. 201 136 22.0 241

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

The Little Data Book  2016

55


China East Asia & Pacific Population (millions) 1,364.3 Surface area (1,000 sq. km) 9,563 GNI, Atlas ($ billions) 10,097.0 GNI, PPP ($ billions) 17,966.9

Upper middle income Population growth (%) 0.5 Population living below $1.90 a day (%) 11.2 GNI per capita, Atlas ($) 7,400 GNI per capita, PPP ($) 13,170

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

2000

2010

2014

6.4 72 1.4 58 84 97 37 17.8 84 .. 1.0 77 ..

4.7 75 1.5 35 89 100 16 9.4 99 .. 1.0 71 ..

.. 76 1.6 27 88 100 11 .. 99 .. 1.0 71 ..

1,770

2,006 –1.3 19.7 91 71 1,846 6.2 2,944

2,083 –0.8 19.7 96 77 2,226 .. 3,762

.. 80 59 919 2.7 993

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

1,205 8.4 2.0 15 45 40 21 19 35 .. ..

6,040 10,355 10.6 7.3 6.9 0.9 10 9 46 43 44 48 26 23 23 19 47 46 11.3 .. .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP)c Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. 1.8 6.7 1.8 119.0 19

.. 65.6 2.0 63.2 34.3 143.6 28

31 70.0 2.1 92.3 49.3 169.3 25

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

39 100 146 9.1 –2,144 4.8 38 1,712

49 82 560 3.5 –2,202 13.6 244 645

42 84 960 1.9 –1,800 29.9 289 –960

56

2016  The Little Data Book


Colombia Latin America & Caribbean Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

47.8 1,142 381.0 616.9

Upper middle income Population growth (%) 0.9 Population living below $1.90 a day (%) 6.1 GNI per capita, Atlas ($) 7,970 GNI per capita, PPP ($) 12,910

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)

2000

2010

2014

1.9 71 2.4 97 77 86 25 18.1 88 95 1.0 65 0.5

3.2 73 2.0 72 79 95 19 12.7 88 124 1.0 67 0.4

3.4 74 1.9 64 .. 99 16 .. 91 .. .. 68 0.4

618

585 0.0 0.5 91 81 669 .. 1,177

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

0.4 90 75 639 1.4 829

586 0.5 .. 91 79 680 1.7 1,078

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

100 4.4 31.8 9 29 62 16 17 15 15.5 –3.1

287 4.0 3.9 7 35 58 16 18 22 21.5 –4.7

378 4.6 1.8 6 36 58 16 21 26 25.6 –5.5

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

43 .. 3.0 5.7 2.2 30.4 8

10 84.4 3.6 95.8 36.5 66.0 5

11 84.4 3.5 113.1 52.6 71.1 8

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

25 100 33 29.8 –159 1.6 2.4 186

28 149 64 20.3 –143 4.0 6.4 675

31 146 102 19.5 –145 4.2 16.2 1,221

The Little Data Book  2016

57


Comoros Sub-Saharan Africa Population (thousands) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ millions) GNI, PPP ($ millions)

Low income 770 1.9 605.4 1,098.3

Population growth (%) Population living below $1.90 a day (%) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

2.4 13.5 790 1,430

2000

2010

2014

.. 59 5.4 499 26 62 101 46.9 70 48 0.8 55 ..

.. 62 4.8 388 .. .. 86 .. 72 73 .. 57 ..

.. 63 4.5 335 19 82 74 32.1 80 74 1.0 58 ..

450 0.8 90 25 .. 0.2 ..

390 1.4 .. 90 33 63 0.2 ..

370 1.0 0.8 90 36 .. .. ..

Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

204 10.8 –4.5 39 11 50 23 28 6 .. ..

517 2.2 3.1 41 12 47 17 53 15 .. ..

624 2.1 2.1 36 12 53 17 63 28 .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. .. 0.0 0.3 14.1 0

22 50.0 .. 24.2 5.1 22.8 0

15 42.2 .. 50.9 7.0 29.2 0

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

28 100 227 6.4 –10.0 .. 0.1 18.7

49 76 281 4.7 –10.0 87 8.3 67.2

48 94 145 0.7 –10.0 121 14.0 74.0

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

58

2016  The Little Data Book


Congo, Dem. Rep. Sub-Saharan Africa Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Low income 74.9 2,345 28.7 48.8

Population growth (%) Population living below $1.90 a day (%) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

3.2 77.2 380 650

2000

2010

2014

.. 50 7.1 874 31 61 161 44.4 46 34 .. 72 1.7

.. 57 6.4 794 17 80 116 43.5 74 61 0.8 72 1.2

5.5 59 6.0 693 20 80 98 42.6 77 67 0.8 72 1.0

1,572 0.1 47 23 290 0.03 95

1,541 0.2 0.1 51 27 301 0.05 102

1,526 0.2 0.1 52 29 292 .. 110

19.1 –6.9 2,630.1 32 23 45 11 16 14 0.8 –0.9

20.5 7.1 17.4 23 34 42 43 48 16 15.0 2.4

33.1 9.0 1.3 21 33 46 33 39 21 .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

166 .. 0.2 0.0 0.0 1.3 ..

84 35.6 0.9 19.0 0.7 0.8 ..

11 57.8 1.4 53.5 3.0 8.6 ..

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ billions)

8 100 11.8 .. –242 .. 72 0.2

48 138 6.2 3.1 –43 15.7 124 3.5

41 123 5.5 3.3 –96 22.4 –344 2.4

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

The Little Data Book  2016

59


Congo, Rep. Sub-Saharan Africa Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Lower middle income 4.5 342 12.3 23.4

Population growth (%) 2.5 Population living below $1.90 a day (%) 28.7 GNI per capita, Atlas ($) 2,720 GNI per capita, PPP ($) 5,200

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

60

2016  The Little Data Book

2000

2010

2014

.. 51 5.1 653 .. .. 122 .. 34 58 0.9 68 5.4

5.7 59 5.0 509 .. .. 61 25.0 75 71 .. 71 3.2

.. 62 4.9 442 45 93 45 .. 80 74 1.0 71 2.8

226 0.0 69 13 226 0.3 96

224 0.1 .. 74 14 409 0.5 147

223 0.1 0.0 77 15 556 .. 234

3.2 7.6 47.0 5 72 23 80 44 23 32.3 –1.3

12.0 8.8 20.7 4 75 21 85 55 21 38.4 39.9

14.2 6.8 –5.7 5 69 26 73 70 41 .. ..

37 .. 1.9 2.2 0.0 8.7 ..

161 54.4 1.8 90.4 5.0 –14.3 4

53 50.0 5.0 108.1 7.1 0.8 2

92 100 4.9 1.7 –13.3 10.4 166 32

112 184 2.4 1.8 49.9 14.8 928 1,315

102 215 3.9 .. –60.0 .. 5,502 106


Costa Rica Latin America & Caribbean Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

4.8 51 48.1 68.6

Upper middle income Population growth (%) 1.1 Population living below $1.90 a day (%) <2 GNI per capita, Atlas ($) 10,120 GNI per capita, PPP ($) 14,420 2000

2010

2014

3.9 77 2.4 38 80 98 13 .. 82 92 1.0 60 0.1

4.5 79 1.9 29 82 99 10 5.6 83 99 1.0 63 0.2

4.1 79 1.8 25 .. .. 10 .. 95 99 1.0 63 0.3

24 .. 95 91 732 1.4 1,521

26 –0.9 .. 97 94 1,022 1.7 1,901

28 –1.1 2.1 98 95 1,029 .. 1,955

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

15.9 1.8 7.0 9 32 58 49 46 17 20.9 –1.3

36.3 5.0 8.0 7 26 67 38 41 21 16.1 –4.5

49.6 3.5 4.7 6 25 69 35 37 19 16.5 –5.2

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

77 .. .. 5.4 5.8 32.4 52

60 76.7 .. 67.0 36.5 50.6 40

24 84.4 .. 143.8 49.4 63.0 43

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

77 100 4.7 8.1 41.8 136 0.4 9.6

63 66 8.2 8.0 30.3 531 1.9 94.0

57 63 21.0 21.1 19.7 594 2.6 53.5

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

The Little Data Book  2016

61


Côte d’Ivoire Sub-Saharan Africa Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Lower middle income 22.2 322 32.2 69.4

Population growth (%) Population living below $1.90 a day (%) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

2.4 29.0 1,450 3,130

2000

2010

2014

6.1 47 5.9 671 15 63 146 31.5 68 44 0.7 67 5.5

5.1 50 5.2 717 13 57 109 39.0 70 54 .. 67 4.0

.. 52 5.0 645 18 59 93 29.6 63 57 0.8 67 3.5

103 1.8 78 18 411 0.4 173

104 –0.1 2.0 81 21 505 0.3 219

104 0.0 2.0 82 23 605 .. 252

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

10.7 –2.1 2.2 25 22 54 41 34 10 14.9 2.9

24.9 2.0 5.4 25 22 53 51 43 13 15.8 –0.6

34.3 8.5 0.9 22 21 57 43 39 17 16.0 –2.3

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

62 .. 1.4 2.9 0.2 22.4 3

40 58.9 1.6 82.2 2.7 23.0 2

7 58.9 1.5 106.2 14.6 29.2 4

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

59 100 12.2 22.7 –370 119 235 351

77 163 10.7 5.8 –220 373 358 845

69 159 10.9 11.6 50 378 462 922

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

62

2016  The Little Data Book


Croatia Europe & Central Asia Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

High income 4.2 57 55.0 88.6

Population growth (%) –0.4 Population living below $1.90 a day (%) <2 GNI per capita, Atlas ($) 12,980 GNI per capita, PPP ($) 20,910 2000

2010

2014

8.3 73 1.4 11 69 100 8 .. 93 91 1.0 54 ..

9.4 76 1.6 10 .. 100 5 .. 96 91 1.0 52 ..

.. 77 1.5 8 .. .. 4 .. 94 92 1.0 51 ..

19 .. 98 97 1,760 4.4 2,856

19 –0.2 .. 99 97 1,939 4.7 3,814

19 0.0 1.7 100 97 1,814 .. 3,754

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

21.8 3.8 4.4 6 29 64 37 40 20 35.3 –5.2

59.7 –1.7 0.8 5 27 68 38 38 21 33.6 –4.4

57.1 –0.4 0.0 4 29 67 46 44 18 33.9 –3.4

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

29 .. 3.0 23.1 6.6 40.0 9

16 84.4 1.7 113.6 56.6 90.7 9

12 80.0 1.5 104.4 68.6 90.8 8

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

57 100 .. .. –2.6 0.6 1.1 66

53 100 .. .. –22.5 1.9 1.4 132

64 99 .. .. –20.0 2.1 3.9 ..

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

The Little Data Book  2016

63


Cuba Latin America & Caribbean Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

11.4 110 66.6 211.0

Upper middle income Population growth (%) 0.1 Population living below $1.90 a day (%) .. GNI per capita, Atlas ($) 5,880 GNI per capita, PPP ($) 18,630 2000

2010

2014

.. 77 1.6 43 73 100 8 7.0 94 96 1.0 54 0.1

.. 79 1.6 44 78 100 6 .. 99 98 1.0 57 0.1

.. 79 1.6 39 74 99 6 .. 99 98 1.0 57 0.3

24 .. 91 87 1,162 2.3 1,139

29 –1.9 13.0 94 92 1,016 3.4 1,294

32 –1.8 18.3 95 93 1,031 .. 1,425

30.6 5.9 1.7 8 28 64 14 17 13 .. ..

64.3 2.4 1.2 5 21 74 23 18 10 .. ..

77.1 2.7 2.7 .. .. .. 24 20 9 .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. 3.5 0.1 0.5 .. 21

.. .. 3.3 8.9 15.9 .. ..

.. .. 3.5 22.5 30.0 .. ..

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

21 100 .. .. –150 .. .. 44

26 137 .. .. –194 .. .. 129

26 112 .. .. –80 .. .. 262

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

64

2016  The Little Data Book


Curaçao Latin America & Caribbean Population (thousands) Surface area (sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ millions) GNI, PPP ($ millions)

156 444 .. ..

High income Population growth (%) Population living below $1.90 a day (%) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

1.3 .. .. ..

2000

2010

2014

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. 77 2.2 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. 78 2.0 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 1.0 .. ..

.. .. .. .. 15,762 .. 7,291

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 13,816 11,801 .. .. 7,471 5,006

Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. 138.3 .. .. ..

.. .. .. 121.6 .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. –6.1 .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. 15.4 150 68.9 ..

.. 99 .. .. 5.7 143 69.3 ..

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

The Little Data Book  2016

65


Cyprus Europe & Central Asia Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

High income 1.2 9.3 22.5 24.9

Population growth (%) 1.0 Population living below $1.90 a day (%) .. GNI per capita, Atlas ($) 26,370 GNI per capita, PPP ($) 29,190 2000

2010

2014

.. 78 1.7 15 .. 99 7 .. 86 98 1.0 61 ..

8.6 79 1.5 8 .. .. 4 .. 87 99 1.0 64 ..

8.0 80 1.4 7 .. .. 3 .. 86 100 1.0 64 ..

1.7 27.0 100 100 2,265 7.3 3,373

1.7 –0.1 27.7 100 100 2,213 7.0 4,623

1.7 0.0 23.6 100 100 1,691 .. 3,595

9.9 5.7 3.0 4 19 77 70 68 21 53.4 –5.3

25.2 1.4 2.1 2 17 81 48 53 23 28.6 –7.0

23.2 –2.3 –1.2 2 11 87 55 53 12 27.9 –4.6

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. 2.8 23.1 15.3 171.0 2

8 .. 1.9 93.7 53.0 290.0 37

8 .. 1.8 96.3 69.3 307.8 6

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

48 100 .. .. 61.8 64 855 ..

39 98 .. .. 44.2 135 71 ..

37 92 .. .. 35.0 260 861 ..

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

66

2016  The Little Data Book


Czech Republic Europe & Central Asia Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

High income 10.5 79 193.1 302.5

Population growth (%) 0.1 Population living below $1.90 a day (%) <2 GNI per capita, Atlas ($) 18,350 GNI per capita, PPP ($) 28,740 2000

2010

2014

.. 75 1.2 7 .. 100 7 2.6 97 99 1.0 61 ..

9.4 77 1.5 5 86 100 4 .. 98 107 1.0 58 ..

9.6 78 1.5 4 .. .. 3 .. 99 100 1.0 60 ..

26 14.5 100 99 3,988 12.1 5,704

27 –0.1 15.0 100 99 4,238 10.6 6,348

27 –0.1 14.0 100 99 3,945 .. 6,285

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

61 4.3 1.7 3 37 59 48 50 32 28.1 –3.3

207 2.3 –1.5 2 37 62 66 63 27 27.4 –4.5

205 2.0 2.5 3 38 59 84 77 25 28.3 –2.3

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

40 .. 1.9 42.4 9.8 45.6 8

17 .. 1.2 122.6 68.8 62.9 15

15 .. 1.0 129.5 79.7 73.5 15

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

99 100 .. .. 47 0.3 5.0 ..

125 104 .. .. 251 1.2 10.2 ..

159 103 .. .. 30 1.9 4.9 ..

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

The Little Data Book  2016

67


Denmark Europe & Central Asia Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

High income 5.6 43 345.8 264.2

Population growth (%) 0.4 Population living below $1.90 a day (%) .. GNI per capita, Atlas ($) 61,330 GNI per capita, PPP ($) 46,850 2000

2010

2014

.. 77 1.8 9 .. .. 6 .. 99 100 1.0 66 0.1

8.0 79 1.9 7 .. .. 4 .. 85 99 1.0 64 0.2

8.5 81 1.7 6 .. .. 4 .. 90 99 1.0 62 0.2

5.9 11.1 100 100 3,490 9.6 6,482

5.9 0.0 9.5 100 100 3,511 8.4 6,328

6.1 –0.8 10.9 100 100 2,906 .. 6,040

164 3.7 3.0 2 27 70 45 38 22 38.5 0.1

320 1.6 3.2 1 23 76 50 44 18 39.9 –2.6

342 1.1 0.8 1 22 76 54 48 19 41.5 –1.2

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

7 .. 1.5 63.0 39.2 141.2 21

6 .. 1.4 115.7 88.7 235.7 14

3 .. 1.3 125.9 96.0 224.9 14

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

59 100 .. .. 46.3 0.7 36.0 ..

56 100 .. .. 88.0 1.1 –11.8 ..

61 99 .. .. 96.8 1.4 –0.7 ..

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

68

2016  The Little Data Book


Djibouti Middle East & North Africa Population (thousands) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ millions) GNI, PPP ($ millions)

876 23 .. ..

Lower middle income Population growth (%) Population living below $1.90 a day (%) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)

1.3 18.3 .. ..

2000

2010

2014

6.0 57 4.5 401 9 61 101 26.5 50 26 0.7 49 3.0

.. 60 3.5 275 23 93 76 32.6 85 51 0.9 51 1.8

4.3 62 3.2 229 19 87 65 33.5 71 59 0.8 52 1.6

60

60 0.0 6.3 90 47 .. .. ..

Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

6.3 82 60 .. 0.5 ..

60 0.0 .. 89 48 179 0.6 ..

Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

551 0.4 2.4 4 15 81 35 50 9 .. ..

1,129 3.5 4.0 4 17 79 57 77 37 .. ..

1,589 6.0 3.0 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. 4.7 0.0 0.2 36.1 ..

37 44.4 3.6 19.9 6.5 36.0 0

14 46.7 .. 32.4 10.7 33.2 ..

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

43 100 299 6.9 –18.2 12.3 3 72

41 80 770 7.8 –20.0 32.6 37 131

70 84 957 6.1 –16.0 35.9 153 163

The Little Data Book  2016

69


Dominica Latin America & Caribbean Population (thousands) Surface area (sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ millions) GNI, PPP ($ millions)

72 750 501.4 758.2

Upper middle income Population growth (%) 0.5 Population living below $1.90 a day (%) .. GNI per capita, Atlas ($) 6,930 GNI per capita, PPP ($) 10,480 2000

2010

2014

.. 77 1.9 .. 50 100 15 .. 99 119 1.1 .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. 100 19 .. 99 83 1.0 .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. 100 21 .. 94 107 .. .. ..

470 8.3 95 81 .. 1.5 ..

450 0.6 8.3 94 81 607 1.9 ..

430 0.6 10.0 .. .. .. .. ..

Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

336 0.4 25.0 13 18 69 43 55 20 23.6 –5.2

494 0.7 0.2 14 14 72 35 54 18 26.4 –6.3

524 3.9 –0.4 16 15 69 34 48 15 26.7 –11.8

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. .. 1.7 8.8 61.2 7

13 46.7 .. 148.3 47.5 51.1 0

12 52.2 .. 127.5 62.9 60.1 9

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

60 100 183 7.4 .. 16.3 17.6 15.2

53 112 255 8.6 .. 22.9 24.3 32.5

46 97 291 10.5 .. 23.6 41.1 15.6

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

70

2016  The Little Data Book


Dominican Republic Latin America & Caribbean Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

10.4 49 62.9 131.1

Upper middle income Population growth (%) 1.2 Population living below $1.90 a day (%) 2.3 GNI per capita, Atlas ($) 6,040 GNI per capita, PPP ($) 12,600

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)

2000

2010

2014

3.7 71 2.9 79 65 98 41 8.0 85 78 1.0 63 2.0

4.7 73 2.6 75 73 98 34 10.1 85 91 1.0 65 1.2

4.9 74 2.5 92 70 98 31 7.1 88 91 1.0 65 1.0

15

20 –1.8 30.5 85 84 731 .. 1,517

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

20.7 87 78 823 2.3 731

18 –2.0 23.3 86 82 740 2.2 1,366

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

24.0 5.7 6.9 7 33 59 37 46 23 14.0 0.8

53.9 8.3 5.6 7 28 65 22 33 27 13.4 –2.9

64.1 7.3 1.4 6 27 67 26 31 22 15.3 –3.2

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

79 .. 1.0 8.1 3.7 31.9 1

15 67.8 0.7 88.8 31.4 41.7 2

15 78.9 0.6 78.9 49.6 50.4 4

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

63 100 4.7 5.7 –153 1.8 1.0 56

41 71 13.5 10.5 –154 3.9 1.4 175

42 67 26.7 18.5 –153 4.8 2.4 167

The Little Data Book  2016

71


Ecuador Latin America & Caribbean Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

15.9 256 96.8 178.0

Upper middle income Population growth (%) 1.5 Population living below $1.90 a day (%) 4.4 GNI per capita, Atlas ($) 6,090 GNI per capita, PPP ($) 11,190

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)

2000

2010

2014

3.1 73 3.0 103 66 99 34 32.5 99 97 1.0 67 0.4

4.1 75 2.7 75 .. 91 25 .. 95 101 1.0 68 0.3

4.6 76 2.5 64 80 94 22 25.2 85 113 1.0 69 0.3

137

125 0.6 2.2 87 85 980 .. 1,333

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

2.1 80 70 698 1.7 638

129 0.6 2.2 85 81 919 2.3 1,144

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

18.3 1.1 –7.7 16 36 48 32 27 21 .. ..

69.6 3.5 7.5 10 36 53 28 32 28 .. ..

100.9 3.7 2.7 9 39 52 29 30 29 .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

92 .. 1.5 3.8 1.5 30.6 6

56 82.2 3.0 98.5 29.0 24.0 8

51 72.2 2.7 103.9 43.0 31.7 5

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

47 100 13.3 30.5 –120 1.3 –23 146

55 158 15.0 9.1 –45 2.6 165 147

53 182 26.3 13.8 –38 2.5 773 160

72

2016  The Little Data Book


Egypt, Arab Rep. Middle East & North Africa Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

89.6 1,001 287.7 920.7

Lower middle income Population growth (%) 2.2 Population living below $1.90 a day (%) .. GNI per capita, Atlas ($) 3,210 GNI per capita, PPP ($) 10,280

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

2000

2010

2014

.. 69 3.2 63 56 61 47 24.6 98 90 0.9 46 0.1

9.3 70 3.2 40 60 79 29 30.7 96 104 1.0 49 0.1

.. 71 3.3 33 59 92 24 22.3 93 104 1.0 49 0.1

590 3,794.4 96 84 594 2.1 984

700 730 –1.7 –0.8 .. 3,794.4 98 99 95 95 884 885 2.5 .. 1,590 1,697

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

100 5.4 4.9 17 33 50 16 23 20 24.3 –6.7

219 5.1 10.1 14 38 48 21 27 20 24.8 –7.7

301 2.2 11.5 11 39 50 14 23 14 20.5 –10.1

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

38 .. 3.2 2.1 0.6 89.0 0

8 85.6 2.1 90.5 21.6 69.4 1

8 91.1 1.7 114.3 31.7 88.2 1

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ billions)

20 100 29.2 9.8 –68 2.9 1.2 1.4

36 140 36.5 6.1 –279 12.5 6.4 0.6

31 150 39.6 12.7 –216 19.6 4.8 3.5

The Little Data Book  2016

73


El Salvador Latin America & Caribbean Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

6.1 21 23.9 48.9

Lower middle income Population growth (%) 0.3 Population living below $1.90 a day (%) 3.3 GNI per capita, Atlas ($) 3,920 GNI per capita, PPP ($) 8,000 2000

2010

2014

3.3 69 2.9 84 67 92 32 24.6 97 91 0.9 61 0.5

4.7 72 2.1 59 73 96 20 20.6 92 105 1.0 62 0.6

5.5 73 1.9 54 72 98 17 .. 94 107 1.0 62 0.5

3.3 8.8 82 62 683 1.0 623

2.9 1.4 13.6 90 71 698 1.0 878

2.7 1.6 13.6 94 75 693 .. 915

13.1 2.2 3.1 10 32 58 27 42 17 139.5 19.8

21.4 1.4 2.3 13 27 61 26 43 13 15.0 –2.7

25.2 2.0 1.4 11 27 62 26 44 14 16.7 –1.4

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

115 .. 1.3 12.5 1.2 52.8 3

17 91.1 1.1 123.8 15.9 65.3 6

17 91.1 1.0 144.0 29.7 73.4 5

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

60 100 4.5 9.9 –313 1.8 173 180

60 80 11.1 21.5 –286 3.5 –113 280

63 81 14.5 19.0 –240 4.2 475 98

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

74

2016  The Little Data Book


Equatorial Guinea Sub-Saharan Africa Population (thousands) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

High income 821 28 8.4 14.5

Population growth (%) 2.9 Population living below $1.90 a day (%) .. GNI per capita, Atlas ($) 10,210 GNI per capita, PPP ($) 17,660 2000

2010

2014

.. 52 5.8 702 10 65 152 42.6 51 47 0.7 87 1.5

.. 56 5.2 379 13 68 111 26.2 51 50 .. 87 6.1

.. 58 4.8 342 .. .. 94 .. 44 51 .. 87 6.2

17 0.1 47 80 .. 0.9 ..

16 0.7 .. 48 76 2,642 6.4 ..

16 0.7 0.1 48 75 .. .. ..

1.0 18.2 64.7 .. .. .. 122 212 131 .. ..

12.7 –3.8 35.6 .. .. .. 95 81 64 49.1 –9.5

15.5 –0.3 –9.0 .. .. .. 96 67 48 .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. .. 1.0 0.1 4.7 ..

155 32.2 3.6 57.4 6.0 1.4 ..

135 42.2 1.1 66.4 18.9 4.7 ..

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

148 100 .. .. 25.0 .. 0.2 21.3

120 206 .. .. 20.0 .. 2.7 84.7

123 219 .. .. 20.0 .. 1.9 0.6

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

The Little Data Book  2016

75


Eritrea Sub-Saharan Africa Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Low income 5.1 118 2.3 6.7

Population growth (%) Population living below $1.90 a day (%) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)

2.2 .. 480 1,400

2000

2010

2014

.. 56 5.3 733 8 28 89 43.7 76 33 0.8 83 1.8

.. 61 4.6 579 8 34 56 50.3 99 44 0.8 85 0.9

.. 64 4.3 501 .. .. 47 .. 96 37 0.8 85 0.7

16

15 0.3 20.8 58 16 164 .. 62

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

14.8 51 11 200 0.2 49

15 0.3 20.8 56 15 158 0.1 58

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

0.7 –3.1 25.0 13 20 66 10 58 22 .. ..

2.1 2.2 11.6 15 22 63 5 23 9 .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. 32.7 0.0 0.1 150.5 0

84 32.2 .. 3.2 0.6 114.4 ..

84 27.8 .. 6.4 1.0 .. ..

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

72 100 330 4.3 110 3.3 27.9 177

32 85 1,042 .. –160 .. 91.0 161

.. 84 908 .. –160 .. 46.5 83

76

2016  The Little Data Book


Estonia Europe & Central Asia Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

High income 1.3 45 25.0 36.1

Population growth (%) –0.3 Population living below $1.90 a day (%) <2 GNI per capita, Atlas ($) 19,010 GNI per capita, PPP ($) 27,490 2000

2010

2014

6.9 70 1.4 26 .. 100 11 .. 93 96 1.0 58 ..

7.1 75 1.7 8 .. 100 5 .. 95 101 1.0 61 ..

7.2 77 1.5 9 .. .. 3 .. 93 107 1.0 62 ..

22 11.1 99 97 3,375 10.9 4,540

22 0.0 14.4 100 97 4,223 13.8 6,506

22 0.0 12.8 100 97 4,600 .. 6,665

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

5.7 10.6 3.8 5 28 67 62 65 29 2.0 –0.1

19.5 2.5 1.5 3 28 69 75 69 21 1.9 0.0

26.5 2.9 2.0 3 28 68 84 80 28 1.8 0.0

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

72 .. 1.4 40.8 28.6 34.5 30

7 .. 1.7 127.3 74.1 6.2 9

4 .. 1.9 160.7 84.2 4.5 11

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

156 100 .. .. –18.4 4 0.4 ..

122 98 .. .. –15.2 357 2.6 ..

130 94 .. .. –11.9 544 1.6 ..

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

The Little Data Book  2016

77


Ethiopia Sub-Saharan Africa Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Low income 97.0 1,104 53.6 145.0

Population growth (%) Population living below $1.90 a day (%) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)

2.5 33.5 550 1,500

2000

2010

2014

9.1 52 6.5 897 8 6 145 57.4 36 22 0.7 82 3.2

8.0 61 4.9 523 29 10 76 44.2 64 58 0.9 84 1.4

.. 64 4.4 353 42 16 59 40.4 70 54 0.9 84 1.2

137

125 –0.3 4.6 57 28 507 .. 65

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

4.6 29 9 435 0.09 23

123 1.1 .. 48 22 470 0.08 48

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

8.2 6.1 9.5 48 12 40 .. .. 0 11.8 –4.2

29.9 12.6 1.4 45 10 45 17 32 0 10.8 –2.7

55.6 10.3 11.0 42 15 43 12 29 38 .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

47 .. 7.6 0.0 0.0 48.6 0

20 80.0 1.1 7.9 0.8 36.9 3

19 68.9 0.7 31.6 2.9 .. 8

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ billions)

21 100 5.5 13.7 –83.2 53 135 0.7

37 129 7.3 3.9 –50.1 345 288 3.5

42 137 16.6 7.2 –60.0 646 1,200 3.6

78

2016  The Little Data Book


Faroe Islands Europe & Central Asia Population (thousands) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ millions) GNI, PPP ($ millions)

High income 48 1.4 .. ..

Population growth (%) Population living below $1.90 a day (%) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

–0.1 .. .. ..

2000

2010

2014

.. 78 2.6 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. 81 2.5 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. 82 2.6 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

0.0 .. .. .. .. 14.8 ..

0.0 0.0 .. .. .. .. 13.0 ..

0.0 0.0 .. .. .. .. .. ..

1.1 .. .. .. .. 51 50 58 30 .. ..

2.3 .. .. .. .. 58 45 48 20 .. ..

2.6 .. .. .. .. 59 51 57 25 .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. .. 36.5 32.9 .. 0

.. .. .. 119.9 75.2 .. 1

.. .. .. 124.1 94.7 .. ..

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

95 100 .. .. .. 43 .. ..

70 101 .. .. .. 146 .. ..

84 98 .. .. .. 161 .. ..

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

The Little Data Book  2016

79


Fiji East Asia & Pacific Population (thousands) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Upper middle income 886 18 4.3 7.5

Population growth (%) Population living below $1.90 a day (%) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

0.7 3.6 4,870 8,410

2000

2010

2014

6.3 68 3.1 42 44 99 25 .. 81 95 1.0 57 0.1

6.1 69 2.7 34 32 100 24 .. 94 104 1.0 55 0.1

.. 70 2.6 30 44 100 22 .. 94 103 1.1 55 0.1

10 0.3 91 75 .. 1.1 ..

10 –0.1 .. 95 90 628 1.5 ..

10 –0.5 0.3 96 91 .. .. ..

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

1.7 –1.7 –4.7 17 22 61 65 70 17 .. ..

3.1 3.0 4.2 11 20 69 58 64 25 .. ..

4.5 6.9 3.5 11 19 70 55 63 .. .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

31 .. 1.9 6.8 1.5 37.9 0

44 53.3 1.6 81.1 20.0 132.3 3

58 61.1 1.1 98.8 41.8 113.1 2

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

84 100 182 2.4 –61.8 44 1 29.1

84 107 553 1.2 –28.8 174 357 76.5

102 107 864 1.9 –28.7 209 279 92.0

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

80

2016  The Little Data Book


Finland Europe & Central Asia Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

High income 5.5 338 264.6 221.9

Population growth (%) 0.4 Population living below $1.90 a day (%) .. GNI per capita, Atlas ($) 48,440 GNI per capita, PPP ($) 40,630

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

2000

2010

2014

.. 77 1.7 5 .. 100 4 .. 96 96 1.0 62 ..

9.2 80 1.9 3 .. .. 3 .. 98 98 1.0 60 ..

9.4 81 1.8 3 .. .. 2 .. 97 99 1.1 59 ..

224 2.2 100 97 6,237 10.1 15,304

222 222 0.1 0.0 6.1 6.1 100 100 98 98 6,820 6,267 11.5 .. 16,483 15,510

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

126 5.6 1.6 3 36 60 42 33 24 41.8 5.5

248 3.0 0.4 3 30 67 39 37 22 23.3 –4.4

272 –0.4 1.6 3 27 71 38 39 21 25.2 –2.6

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

31 .. 1.2 72.0 37.2 58.7 27

14 .. 1.4 156.3 86.9 152.2 11

14 .. 1.3 139.7 92.4 164.7 8

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

64 100 .. .. 32 473 9.1 ..

56 91 .. .. 71 848 12.2 ..

55 89 .. .. 107 974 14.8 ..

The Little Data Book  2016

81


France Europe & Central Asia Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

66.2 549 2,844.3 2,655.5

High income Population growth (%) 0.4 Population living below $1.90 a day (%) .. GNI per capita, Atlas ($) 42,950 GNI per capita, PPP ($) 40,100

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)

2000

2010

2014

.. 79 1.9 12 82 .. 5 .. 84 97 1.0 55 ..

7.6 82 2.0 9 76 .. 4 .. 89 .. 1.0 56 ..

7.8 82 2.0 8 .. .. 4 .. 90 .. 1.0 56 ..

153

170 –0.7 16.6 100 99 3,656 .. 7,379

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

16.2 100 99 4,136 6.0 7,225

164 –0.7 15.8 100 99 4,024 5.5 7,737

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

1,368 3.9 1.5 2 23 74 28 27 22 42.9 –3.0

2,647 2.0 1.1 2 20 79 26 28 22 19.7 –5.5

2,829 0.2 0.6 2 19 79 29 31 22 19.8 –3.2

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

41 .. 2.5 49.1 14.3 102.4 25

7 .. 2.3 91.4 77.3 143.6 25

4 .. 2.2 101.2 83.8 148.0 26

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

49 100 .. .. 739 8.6 42.4 ..

43 93 .. .. 481 19.9 38.9 ..

45 89 .. .. 332 25.2 8.0 ..

82

2016  The Little Data Book


French Polynesia East Asia & Pacific Population (thousands) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ millions)

High income 280 4.0 .. ..

Population growth (%) Population living below $1.90 a day (%) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)

1.1 .. .. ..

2000

2010

2014

.. 72 2.5 .. .. 99 .. .. .. .. .. 59 ..

.. 76 2.1 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 56 ..

.. 77 2.0 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 56 ..

1.1

1.6 0.0 .. 100 99 .. .. ..

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

.. 100 98 .. 2.7 ..

1.6 –4.0 .. 100 98 .. 3.3 ..

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

3.4 4.0 1.0 5 .. .. 5 24 .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. .. 16.8 6.4 .. 8

.. .. .. 80.5 49.0 .. 5

.. .. .. 91.2 60.7 .. 15

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

35 100 .. .. 0.1 408 11 352

.. 80 .. .. –3.5 694 64 ..

.. 81 .. .. –0.5 669 129 ..

The Little Data Book  2016

83


Gabon Sub-Saharan Africa Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Upper middle income 1.7 268 16.4 29.0

Population growth (%) 2.2 Population living below $1.90 a day (%) 8.0 GNI per capita, Atlas ($) 9,720 GNI per capita, PPP ($) 17,200 2000

2010

2014

.. 59 4.5 405 33 86 85 26.3 55 74 1.0 60 5.5

.. 62 4.1 322 .. .. 63 .. 62 .. .. 60 4.7

.. 64 3.9 291 31 89 51 17.5 61 .. .. 61 3.9

220 0.1 84 39 1,194 0.9 878

220 0.0 0.1 91 41 1,371 1.5 1,023

230 –0.9 0.1 93 42 1,435 .. 1,168

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

5.1 –1.9 28.1 7 52 38 69 33 22 .. ..

14.4 9.1 13.6 4 60 35 58 31 30 .. ..

18.2 4.3 –0.9 4 57 39 54 30 27 .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. 1.8 9.8 1.2 12.5 5

57 40.0 0.9 103.5 7.2 10.5 3

50 40.0 1.4 171.4 9.8 13.8 ..

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

70 100 3.9 9.9 9.6 6.1 –43 12

81 194 2.5 .. 9.6 .. 499 104

66 214 4.3 .. 5.0 .. 973 111

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

84

2016  The Little Data Book


Gambia, The Sub-Saharan Africa Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ millions) GNI, PPP ($ millions)

Low income 1.9 11 878.2 3,037.5

Population growth (%) Population living below $1.90 a day (%) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)

3.2 45.3 460 1,580

2000

2010

2014

4.8 56 5.9 887 10 55 119 24.1 89 72 .. 77 1.5

.. 59 5.8 753 13 57 81 23.4 92 73 1.0 78 2.0

.. 60 5.7 706 9 57 69 25.0 96 67 .. 77 1.8

4.6

4.9 –0.3 3.0 90 59 .. .. ..

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

3.0 83 60 .. 0.2 ..

4.8 –0.4 .. 89 59 87 0.3 ..

Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

783 5.5 2.2 .. .. .. 26 31 5 .. ..

952 6.5 4.4 32 14 55 24 43 18 .. ..

851 0.9 8.3 21 16 63 29 41 21 .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. 0.4 0.5 0.9 7.4 0

27 67.8 0.8 88.0 9.2 38.9 1

25 65.6 1.7 119.6 15.6 53.7 0

26 100 490 14.8 –13.7 56 18.3 50

37 101 512 8.1 –13.7 116 37.4 120

56 103 500 7.1 –13.5 191 28.4 100

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

The Little Data Book  2016

85


Georgia Europe & Central Asia Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Lower middle income 3.7 70 16.7 33.8

Population growth (%) Population living below $1.90 a day (%) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

–1.3 11.5 4,490 9,080

2000

2010

2014

5.4 72 1.6 37 41 96 36 16.1 73 98 1.0 64 0.1

5.0 74 1.8 40 53 100 17 11.3 94 111 1.0 64 0.2

5.6 75 1.8 36 .. 100 12 .. 92 116 1.0 65 0.3

28 .. 89 96 649 1.0 1,453

28 –0.2 3.1 97 89 795 1.7 1,977

28 0.0 3.1 100 86 1,032 .. 2,460

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

3.1 1.8 4.7 22 22 56 23 40 27 10.4 –1.6

11.6 6.3 8.5 8 22 69 35 53 22 23.9 –4.4

16.5 4.8 3.8 9 24 66 43 60 30 25.7 –0.5

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

25 .. 0.6 4.1 0.5 21.5 11

3 95.6 3.9 90.6 26.9 33.2 2

2 88.9 2.3 124.9 48.9 48.5 3

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

34 100 1.8 12.5 –309 0.3 131 169

60 137 9.7 17.5 –290 1.2 866 628

69 131 13.9 23.2 –296 2.0 1,647 563

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

86

2016  The Little Data Book


Germany Europe & Central Asia Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

81.0 357 3,853.6 3,843.2

High income Population growth (%) –1.4 Population living below $1.90 a day (%) .. GNI per capita, Atlas ($) 47,590 GNI per capita, PPP ($) 47,460

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)

2000

2010

2014

.. 78 1.4 8 .. .. 5 .. 92 106 1.0 58 ..

8.0 80 1.4 7 .. 100 4 .. 97 103 1.0 59 ..

.. 81 1.4 6 .. .. 4 .. 97 101 1.0 60 ..

114

114 0.0 30.9 100 99 3,750 .. 7,019

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

36.6 100 99 4,094 10.1 6,635

114 0.0 30.2 100 99 3,997 9.2 7,264

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

1,950 3.0 –0.4 1 31 68 31 31 24 29.8 0.6

3,417 4.1 0.8 1 30 69 42 37 20 12.6 –3.2

3,868 1.6 1.7 1 30 69 46 39 19 12.9 –0.2

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

45 .. 1.4 57.7 30.2 139.6 19

15 .. 1.4 106.5 82.0 164.8 15

11 .. 1.2 120.4 86.2 140.6 16

54 100 .. .. 1 3.6 210 ..

68 96 .. .. 32 12.8 86 ..

70 97 .. .. 1,250 17.6 8 ..

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

The Little Data Book  2016

87


Ghana Sub-Saharan Africa Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Lower middle income 26.8 239 42.7 104.5

Population growth (%) 2.4 Population living below $1.90 a day (%) 25.2 GNI per capita, Atlas ($) 1,590 GNI per capita, PPP ($) 3,900

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)

2000

2010

2014

5.8 57 4.7 467 22 47 101 31.3 90 72 0.9 75 2.3

.. 61 4.3 325 34 68 75 22.7 93 93 1.0 69 1.7

.. 61 4.2 319 27 71 62 18.8 92 97 1.0 70 1.5

89

93 –0.3 3.2 89 15 344 .. 382

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

3.2 71 10 334 0.3 334

92 –0.3 .. 83 14 305 0.4 283

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

5.0 3.7 27.2 39 28 32 49 67 24 18.1 –6.5

32.2 7.9 16.6 31 20 49 29 46 26 16.7 –7.2

38.6 4.0 16.7 22 28 50 40 49 27 .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

21 .. 1.0 0.7 0.2 39.3 2

11 65.6 0.4 71.9 7.8 28.4 2

14 65.6 0.5 114.8 18.9 38.2 5

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ billions)

93 100 6.3 16.0 166 32 0.2 0.6

59 184 9.3 3.8 189 136 2.5 1.7

72 179 17.6 5.1 –50 2,008 3.4 1.1

88

2016  The Little Data Book


Greece Europe & Central Asia Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

High income 10.9 132 250.1 296.6

Population growth (%) –0.9 Population living below $1.90 a day (%) .. GNI per capita, Atlas ($) 22,810 GNI per capita, PPP ($) 27,050 2000

2010

2014

.. 78 1.3 4 76 .. 8 .. 89 .. 1.0 53 ..

6.5 80 1.5 3 .. .. 5 .. 99 98 1.0 54 ..

5.6 81 1.3 3 .. .. 5 .. 97 97 1.0 53 ..

36 16.0 99 96 2,507 8.5 4,586

39 –0.8 16.4 100 99 2,483 7.8 5,333

41 –0.8 16.4 100 99 2,066 .. 5,029

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

130 4.2 1.6 6 21 73 24 35 26 40.0 –5.1

299 –5.5 0.7 3 16 81 22 31 17 28.6 –10.6

236 0.7 –2.2 4 16 80 33 35 12 33.6 –14.6

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

38 .. 3.5 54.0 9.1 86.8 14

19 .. 2.7 110.6 44.4 147.6 10

13 .. 2.3 110.3 63.2 138.6 10

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

35 100 .. .. 114 2.2 1.1 ..

32 89 .. .. 80 1.5 0.5 ..

42 87 .. .. –136 0.7 1.7 ..

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

The Little Data Book  2016

89


Greenland Europe & Central Asia Population (thousands) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ millions)

High income 56 410 d .. ..

Population growth (%) Population living below $1.90 a day (%) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

–0.3 .. .. ..

2000

2010

2014

.. 67 2.3 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. 71 2.2 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. 71 2.0 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

0.0 .. 100 100 .. 9.5 ..

0.0 0.0 .. 100 100 .. 11.7 ..

0.0 0.0 .. 100 100 .. .. ..

1,068 7.1 2.1 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

1,268 –5.4 –19.0 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. .. 26.9 31.7 .. 37

.. .. .. 101.4 63.0 .. 46

.. .. .. 106.4 66.7 .. 4

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

60 100 .. .. .. .. .. ..

87 72 .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. 80 .. .. .. .. .. ..

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

90

2016  The Little Data Book


Grenada Latin America & Caribbean Population (thousands) Surface area (sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ millions) GNI, PPP ($ millions)

106 340 840.9 1,246.8

Upper middle income Population growth (%) 0.4 Population living below $1.90 a day (%) .. GNI per capita, Atlas ($) 7,910 GNI per capita, PPP ($) 11,720 2000

2010

2014

.. 70 2.6 29 54 100 16 .. 92 93 1.0 .. ..

.. 73 2.2 27 54 99 13 .. 95 111 1.0 .. ..

.. 73 2.1 27 .. 99 12 .. 94 95 1.0 .. ..

170 .. 97 98 .. 1.9 ..

170 0.0 5.0 97 98 782 2.5 ..

170 0.0 7.1 97 98 .. .. ..

Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

520 1.9 34.5 6 21 73 45 60 38 21.6 –2.1

771 –0.5 0.5 5 17 78 24 49 22 19.9 –2.4

912 5.7 2.4 7 14 79 26 44 17 19.7 –5.5

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. .. 4.2 4.1 72.4 30

14 43.3 .. 116.5 27.0 92.8 11

15 51.1 .. 110.2 37.4 68.4 ..

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

55 100 203 6.0 –4.1 46.4 37.4 16.5

44 90 607 14.4 –4.3 28.5 60.4 33.8

41 87 651 10.4 –4.3 30.8 40.4 39.3

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

The Little Data Book  2016

91


Guam East Asia & Pacific Population (thousands) Surface area (sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ millions) GNI, PPP ($ millions)

High income 168 540 .. ..

Population growth (%) Population living below $1.90 a day (%) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

1.5 .. .. ..

2000

2010

2014

.. 75 2.8 .. 67 99 .. .. .. .. .. 65 ..

.. 78 2.5 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 63 ..

.. 79 2.4 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 63 ..

250 .. 100 89 .. .. ..

250 0.0 .. 100 90 .. .. ..

250 0.0 .. 100 90 .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. .. 17.5 16.1 .. ..

.. .. .. .. 54.0 .. ..

.. .. .. .. 69.3 .. ..

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

.. 100 .. .. –9.6 .. .. ..

.. 105 .. .. –9.8 .. .. ..

.. 101 .. .. 0.0 .. .. ..

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

92

2016  The Little Data Book


Guatemala Latin America & Caribbean Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

16.0 109 55.0 116.1

Lower middle income Population growth (%) 2.0 Population living below $1.90 a day (%) 11.5 GNI per capita, Atlas ($) 3,430 GNI per capita, PPP ($) 7,250

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)

2000

2010

2014

3.4 68 4.4 178 38 41 51 50.0 86 56 0.9 63 0.4

3.9 71 3.4 109 54 52 35 48.0 93 84 1.0 67 0.6

.. 72 3.2 88 .. 63 29 .. 67 87 1.0 68 0.5

42

35 1.0 3.0 93 64 768 .. 555

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

.. 84 55 602 0.8 329

37 1.2 3.0 91 62 692 0.8 538

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

19.3 3.6 6.8 15 29 56 20 29 18 10.2 –1.8

41.3 2.9 5.1 12 29 59 26 36 14 11.1 –3.3

58.8 4.2 3.1 12 29 60 23 33 14 11.5 –2.3

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

39 .. 0.8 7.6 0.7 25.9 8

37 85.6 0.4 126.0 10.5 36.5 6

19 72.2 0.4 106.6 23.4 41.7 5

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

39 100 3.9 9.7 –200 0.6 230 263

54 108 15.0 14.4 –132 4.2 846 389

49 100 18.8 14.3 –120 5.8 1,205 277

The Little Data Book  2016

93


Guinea Sub-Saharan Africa Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Low income 12.3 246 5.8 13.9

Population growth (%) Population living below $1.90 a day (%) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

94

2016  The Little Data Book

2.7 35.3 470 1,130

2000

2010

2014

5.8 51 6.1 976 6 35 170 46.9 42 31 0.6 71 1.9

6.3 56 5.3 720 .. 46 112 40.0 58 58 0.8 72 1.6

7.6 59 5.0 679 6 45 94 35.8 52 50 0.8 72 1.6

69 0.2 63 13 .. 0.1 ..

65 0.5 .. 73 18 .. 0.2 ..

64 0.6 0.2 77 20 .. .. ..

3.0 2.5 6.3 22 33 44 25 29 20 12.0 –2.4

4.7 1.9 20.2 22 45 33 28 37 11 .. ..

6.6 0.4 7.5 20 38 42 28 53 14 .. ..

48 .. 1.5 0.5 0.1 8.9 0

40 57.8 .. 36.8 1.0 37.3 0

8 53.3 3.8 72.1 1.7 .. 5

43 100 3.1 20.7 –368 1.2 10 153

61 108 3.4 6.3 –56 46.3 101 218

52 96 1.4 4.2 –10 94.8 566 561


Guinea-Bissau Sub-Saharan Africa Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ millions) GNI, PPP ($ millions)

Low income 1.8 36 994.5 2,492.6

Population growth (%) Population living below $1.90 a day (%) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

2.4 67.1 550 1,380

2000

2010

2014

7.3 51 5.8 800 8 35 178 36.1 71 27 0.6 71 2.2

4.5 54 5.1 570 14 43 116 32.2 69 62 .. 73 3.9

.. 55 4.8 549 16 45 93 27.6 69 .. .. 73 3.7

21 1.1 52 12 .. 0.1 ..

20 0.5 .. 70 19 62 0.1 ..

20 0.5 1.1 79 21 .. .. ..

Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

370 5.4 80.9 43 14 43 22 33 4 .. ..

847 4.4 3.1 47 13 40 20 35 7 .. ..

1,022 2.5 5.4 44 14 43 16 23 7 .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. 2.6 0.0 0.2 10.6 ..

216 45.6 2.0 42.7 2.5 7.6 ..

9 44.4 1.7 63.5 3.3 17.1 ..

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

33 100 948 7.1 –30.0 8.0 0.7 81

38 85 1,104 9.5 –25.0 45.9 26.2 125

38 81 271 0.8 –10.0 46.8 21.5 109

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

The Little Data Book  2016

95


Guyana Latin America & the Caribbean Population (thousands) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

764 215 3.0 5.3

Lower middle income

Population growth (%) 0.4 Population living below $1.90 a day (%) 14.0 GNI per capita, Atlas ($) 3,940 GNI per capita, PPP ($) 6,940 2000

2010

2014

4.5 65 3.0 210 37 86 47 13.8 86 107 1.0 60 0.6

.. 66 2.7 241 43 92 42 19.5 95 83 1.0 61 1.5

.. 66 2.6 229 34 92 39 12.0 99 84 1.0 61 1.8

166 0.7 86 79 .. 2.2 ..

166 0.0 .. 94 83 671 2.3 ..

165 0.1 0.6 98 84 .. .. ..

0.7 –1.4 6.6 31 29 40 96 111 24 .. ..

2.3 4.4 6.7 18 36 46 52 80 17 .. ..

3.1 5.2 –0.1 18 35 46 51 81 19 .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. 1.8 5.4 6.6 100.5 2

23 53.3 1.4 71.3 29.9 49.0 0

18 56.7 1.2 70.5 37.4 60.4 0

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

150 100 1.4 10.2 –58.7 27 67 116

101 127 1.5 2.6 –34.1 368 198 167

95 107 2.4 4.7 –27.3 330 238 159

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

96

2016  The Little Data Book


Haiti Latin America & Caribbean Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

10.6 28 8.7 18.3

Low income Population growth (%) Population living below $1.90 a day (%) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

1.3 53.9 820 1,730

2000

2010

2014

2.3 58 4.3 505 28 24 105 28.3 55 .. .. 63 3.2

.. 61 3.3 389 32 26 209 29.7 64 .. .. 65 2.1

2.0 63 3.0 359 35 37 69 21.9 53 108 .. 66 1.9

1,090 .. 61 21 235 0.2 35

1,010 0.8 .. 59 26 380 0.2 24

970 0.8 11.1 58 28 393 .. 49

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

4.0 0.9 11.1 .. .. .. 13 33 27 .. ..

6.6 –5.5 5.5 .. .. .. 15 65 25 .. ..

8.7 2.7 3.8 .. .. .. 19 53 31 .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

260 .. .. 0.6 0.2 34.3 ..

134 42.2 .. 40.4 8.4 21.3 ..

97 47.8 .. 64.7 11.4 29.2 ..

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ billions)

34 100 1.2 9.2 –140 0.6 13 0.2

56 88 1.0 12.5 –138 1.5 178 3.0

52 88 1.9 1.4 –150 2.0 99 1.1

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

The Little Data Book  2016

97


Honduras Latin America & Caribbean Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

8.0 112 18.1 36.4

Lower middle income Population growth (%) Population living below $1.90 a day (%) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)

1.4 18.9 2,270 4,570

2000

2010

2014

2.7 70 4.0 133 62 56 37 34.5 98 81 .. 66 1.2

3.2 72 2.7 155 65 67 24 29.9 98 97 1.1 62 0.5

3.1 73 2.4 129 73 83 20 22.7 88 91 1.0 63 0.4

64

46 2.4 1.8 91 83 662 .. 721

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

.. 81 63 479 0.8 514

52 2.1 1.8 88 77 608 1.1 685

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

7.1 5.7 30.8 16 32 52 54 66 28 20.0 –3.0

15.8 3.7 4.7 12 28 60 46 64 22 19.1 –3.2

19.4 3.1 5.5 14 26 60 47 66 22 19.9 –6.1

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

61 .. 0.7 2.5 1.2 23.5 0

14 75.6 1.1 124.7 11.1 53.9 3

14 76.7 1.3 93.5 19.1 60.3 2

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

103 100 5.5 9.9 –150 0.5 382 448

96 67 4.0 10.3 –100 2.6 485 633

99 51 7.3 10.6 –80 3.4 1,294 604

98

2016  The Little Data Book


Hong Kong SAR, China East Asia & Pacific Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

High income 7.2 1.1 292.0 409.7

Population growth (%) 0.8 Population living below $1.90 a day (%) .. GNI per capita, Atlas ($) 40,320 GNI per capita, PPP ($) 56,570

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

2000

2010

2014

.. 81 1.0 .. 86 .. .. .. .. .. .. 61 ..

.. 83 1.1 .. 80 .. .. .. .. .. .. 60 ..

.. 84 1.2 .. .. .. .. .. .. 99 1.0 59 ..

.. .. .. .. 2,033 6.1 5,447

.. .. .. .. .. 1,947 5.2 5,973

.. .. .. .. .. 1,938 .. 5,934

172 7.7 –3.4 0 12 88 142 137 28 14.7 –7.0

229 6.8 0.3 0 7 93 219 214 24 20.2 0.5

291 2.5 2.9 0 7 93 220 220 24 .. ..

11 .. .. 79.7 27.8 134.0 23

6 .. .. 195.7 72.0 195.4 16

2 .. .. 233.6 74.6 236.5 43

243 100 .. .. –41 136 62 ..

368 60 .. .. 45 340 83 ..

387 65 .. .. 150 372 116 ..

The Little Data Book  2016

99


Hungary Europe & Central Asia Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

High income 9.9 93 131.6 236.3

Population growth (%) –0.3 Population living below $1.90 a day (%) <2 GNI per capita, Atlas ($) 13,340 GNI per capita, PPP ($) 23,960 2000

2010

2014

9.6 71 1.3 15 .. 100 11 .. 99 96 1.0 49 ..

8.3 74 1.3 15 .. 99 7 .. 99 99 1.0 51 ..

7.8 76 1.4 17 .. .. 6 .. 99 99 1.0 52 ..

19 96.7 98 98 2,448 5.5 3,309

20 –0.7 88.0 100 98 2,568 5.1 3,876

21 –0.2 84.2 100 98 2,293 .. 3,890

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

47.2 4.2 9.8 6 32 62 67 70 28 38.1 –4.9

130.1 0.7 2.3 4 30 66 82 77 21 28.6 –3.9

138.3 3.7 3.2 4 31 64 89 82 22 29.9 –5.4

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

52 .. 1.7 30.1 7.0 54.4 27

4 86.7 1.0 119.9 65.0 80.8 24

5 85.6 0.8 118.1 76.1 61.1 14

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

128 100 .. .. 66.2 0.3 2.8 ..

141 97 .. 82.6 95.8 2.1 –20.9 ..

156 100 .. 95.5 30.0 4.7 12.4 ..

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

100

2016  The Little Data Book


Iceland Europe & Central Asia Population (thousands) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

High income 327 103 15.0 13.5

Population growth (%) 1.1 Population living below $1.90 a day (%) .. GNI per capita, Atlas ($) 46,350 GNI per capita, PPP ($) 41,800

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

2000

2010

2014

.. 80 2.1 5 .. .. 4 .. 91 98 1.0 77 ..

9.4 82 2.2 4 .. .. 2 .. 93 98 1.0 75 ..

9.2 82 1.9 3 .. .. 2 .. 90 97 1.0 74 ..

290 0.1 100 99 11,092 7.7 26,202

430 490 –4.0 –2.9 0.1 0.1 100 100 99 99 17,023 17,584 6.2 .. 51,440 54,799

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

8.9 4.7 3.7 8 27 65 32 39 25 32.5 1.2

13.2 –3.6 5.6 8 25 68 54 44 14 28.9 –8.9

17.0 1.8 4.0 7 24 69 54 47 17 31.1 –1.6

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. .. 76.4 44.5 95.7 13

5 .. 0.2 107.2 93.4 252.5 21

4 .. 0.1 111.1 98.2 116.1 17

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

50 100 .. .. 3.9 88 155 ..

64 92 .. .. 8.0 135 –93 ..

61 86 .. .. –0.4 206 746 ..

The Little Data Book  2016

101


India South Asia

Lower middle income

Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

1,295.3 3,287 2,028.0 7,292.8

Population growth (%) Population living below $1.90 a day (%) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)

1.2 21.3 1,570 5,630

2000

2010

2014

.. 63 3.3 374 47 43 91 51.0 56 72 0.8 59 ..

8.2 67 2.6 215 55 52 60 47.9 82 93 1.0 55 ..

.. 68 2.4 174 .. .. 48 .. 83 96 1.1 54 ..

654

707 –0.3 52.6 94 40 606 .. 765

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

42.2 81 26 419 1.1 395

698 –0.7 .. 90 36 563 1.6 644

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

477 3.8 3.6 23 26 51 13 14 24 11.5 –3.7

1,708 10.3 9.0 18 27 55 22 26 37 12.9 –3.4

2,049 7.3 3.0 18 30 52 23 26 32 12.5 –3.8

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. 2.9 0.3 0.5 51.2 6

.. 81.1 2.7 62.4 7.5 71.9 7

29 77.8 2.4 74.5 18.0 75.5 9

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ billions)

20 100 101 17.1 –2,206 12.9 3.6 1.4

102

2016  The Little Data Book

34 38 133 135 292 463 6.8 18.6 –2,829 –2,598 53.5 70.4 27.4 33.9 2.8 3.0


Indonesia East Asia & Pacific Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Lower middle income 254.5 1,911 923.7 2,592.3

Population growth (%) 1.3 Population living below $1.90 a day (%) 15.9 GNI per capita, Atlas ($) 3,630 GNI per capita, PPP ($) 10,190 2000

2010

2014

9.6 66 2.5 265 55 67 52 42.4 76 94 1.0 67 0.1

7.6 68 2.5 165 61 82 33 39.2 78 100 1.0 68 0.4

.. 69 2.5 126 62 83 27 36.4 77 101 1.0 68 0.5

994 5.6 78 47 736 1.2 390

944 0.5 .. 85 57 867 1.8 637

910 0.7 5.6 87 61 850 .. 788

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

165 4.9 20.4 16 46 38 41 30 22 18.7 –2.5

755 6.2 15.3 14 43 41 24 22 33 14.5 –0.7

889 5.0 5.4 13 42 42 24 24 35 15.5 –1.8

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. 0.7 1.8 0.9 60.7 16

.. 86.7 0.6 87.8 10.9 34.2 10

48 84.4 0.8 128.8 17.1 43.5 7

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ billions)

66 100 144 22.8 –851 1.2 –4.6 1.7

39 128 198 17.4 –1,117 6.9 15.3 1.4

40 121 293 23.1 –700 8.6 26.3 –0.4

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

The Little Data Book  2016

103


Iran, Islamic Rep. Middle East & North Africa Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

78.1 1,745 549.0 1,280.2

Upper middle income Population growth (%) 1.3 Population living below $1.90 a day (%) <2 GNI per capita, Atlas ($) 7,120 GNI per capita, PPP ($) 16,590 2000

2010

2014

5.2 70 2.2 51 74 90 35 20.4 99 92 0.9 44 0.1

5.3 74 1.8 27 77 96 19 .. 99 105 1.0 44 0.1

6.8 75 1.7 25 .. .. 16 .. 99 102 1.0 45 0.1

93 69.8 94 79 1,868 5.7 1,541

107 –1.4 72.6 96 89 2,794 7.7 2,642

107 0.0 72.6 96 90 2,960 .. 2,899

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

110 5.8 24.9 9 41 50 21 20 35 21.6 1.7

468 6.6 14.4 7 41 52 25 20 37 26.5 0.5

425 4.3 12.2 9 38 52 24 19 33 .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

31 .. 2.3 1.5 0.9 39.4 1

13 71.1 2.9 72.6 15.9 .. 4

15 73.3 2.2 87.8 39.4 .. ..

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

39 100 8.0 9.7 –70 0.5 0.0 130

36 157 20.0 .. –549 1.2 3.6 121

33 183 5.5 .. –300 .. 2.1 81

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

104

2016  The Little Data Book


Iraq Middle East & North Africa Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

34.8 435 227.3 525.6

Upper middle income Population growth (%) 3.0 Population living below $1.90 a day (%) .. GNI per capita, Atlas ($) 6,530 GNI per capita, PPP ($) 15,100 2000

2010

2014

.. 69 4.9 63 44 72 45 28.3 86 56 0.8 41 ..

.. 68 4.7 51 53 91 37 22.6 75 67 0.8 42 ..

8.8 69 4.6 50 .. .. 32 .. 57 .. .. 42 ..

8.2 187.5 80 75 1,106 3.1 1,237

8.3 –0.1 .. 85 83 1,217 3.6 1,191

8.3 0.0 187.5 87 86 1,481 .. 1,798

.. 1.4 43.7 .. .. .. 76 50 29 .. ..

139 6.4 16.6 .. .. .. 39 34 16 .. ..

224 –2.1 –1.8 .. .. .. 42 22 18 .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. .. 0.0 0.1 .. ..

32 41.1 2.6 75.1 2.5 –1.2 0

29 52.2 4.3 94.9 11.3 0.4 ..

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ billions)

.. 100 .. .. –266 .. 0.0 0.1

70 189 .. .. –457 177 1.4 2.2

64 209 .. .. 549 271 4.8 1.4

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

The Little Data Book  2016

105


Ireland Europe & Central Asia Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

High income 4.6 70 214.7 197.7

Population growth (%) 0.4 Population living below $1.90 a day (%) .. GNI per capita, Atlas ($) 46,520 GNI per capita, PPP ($) 42,830 2000

2010

2014

.. 77 1.9 9 75 100 7 .. 79 .. 1.0 59 0.1

7.6 81 2.1 7 .. .. 4 .. 90 .. 1.0 61 0.2

7.7 81 2.0 8 .. .. 4 .. 93 .. 1.0 60 0.3

6.4 .. 96 89 3,627 10.8 5,796

7.3 –1.3 1.5 97 90 3,162 8.8 5,911

7.5 –0.8 1.5 98 91 2,768 .. 5,702

100 10.2 6.1 3 35 62 95 81 25 33.0 4.3

220 0.4 –2.3 1 27 72 103 87 17 31.1 –32.3

251 5.2 0.1 2 26 73 114 95 20 31.9 –5.7

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

18 .. 0.7 64.7 17.9 104.9 48

13 .. 0.6 105.2 69.9 238.2 21

6 .. 0.5 105.1 79.7 165.7 21

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

129 100 .. .. 200 252 25.5 ..

80 98 .. .. 198 658 37.8 ..

75 89 .. .. –140 719 86.8 ..

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

106

2016  The Little Data Book


Isle of Man Europe & Central Asia Population (thousands) Surface area (sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ millions)

High income 87 570 .. ..

Population growth (%) Population living below $1.90 a day (%) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

0.8 .. .. ..

2000

2010

2014

.. 78 1.7 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

30 .. .. .. .. .. ..

30 0.0 .. .. .. .. .. ..

30 0.0 .. .. .. .. .. ..

1,564 5.3 3.3 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

4,062 7.5 3.9 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

The Little Data Book  2016

107


Israel Middle East & North Africa Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

8.2 22 290.2 273.6

High income Population growth (%) 1.9 Population living below $1.90 a day (%) .. GNI per capita, Atlas ($) 35,320 GNI per capita, PPP ($) 33,300 2000

2010

2014

5.7 79 3.0 8 .. .. 7 .. 95 104 1.0 54 ..

4.6 82 3.0 6 .. .. 5 .. 96 102 1.0 57 ..

.. 82 3.1 5 .. .. 4 .. 96 102 1.0 63 ..

1.5 244.1 100 100 2,899 9.6 6,323

1.5 –0.1 260.5 100 100 3,042 9.0 6,953

1.7 –1.4 260.5 100 100 2,850 .. 6,559

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

132 8.9 2.1 .. .. .. 36 36 23 38.2 –3.7

234 5.5 1.5 .. .. .. 35 33 18 28.6 –4.9

306 2.6 1.0 .. .. .. 32 31 20 28.8 –4.6

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

19 .. 7.1 73.2 20.9 72.2 19

19 .. 6.2 122.8 67.5 87.6 15

13 .. 5.2 121.5 71.5 85.1 16

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

52 100 .. .. 103 400 8.0 ..

51 98 .. .. 274 572 5.5 ..

47 101 .. .. 19 859 6.7 ..

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

108

2016  The Little Data Book


Italy Europe & Central Asia Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

60.8 301 2,102.2 2,155.2

High income Population growth (%) 0.9 Population living below $1.90 a day (%) .. GNI per capita, Atlas ($) 34,580 GNI per capita, PPP ($) 35,450

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)

2000

2010

2014

.. 80 1.3 5 .. 99 6 .. 74 101 1.0 48 ..

6.4 82 1.5 4 .. .. 4 .. 91 103 1.0 48 ..

6.2 83 1.4 4 .. .. 4 .. 86 100 1.0 49 ..

84

93 –0.6 29.5 100 100 2,405 .. 5,159

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

24.9 100 100 3,012 7.9 5,300

90 –0.8 .. 100 100 2,868 6.8 5,494

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

1,142 3.7 2.0 3 27 70 26 25 21 36.0 –2.4

2,127 1.7 0.3 2 24 74 25 27 21 24.4 –4.1

2,141 –0.4 0.9 2 23 74 30 27 16 25.9 –3.0

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

23 .. 2.0 74.1 23.1 93.9 9

6 .. 1.7 154.8 53.7 160.3 7

6 .. 1.4 154.3 62.0 173.0 7

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

42 100 .. .. 1,624 1.9 13.2 ..

44 98 .. .. 1,006 8.0 9.9 ..

47 100 .. .. 528 10.0 13.7 ..

The Little Data Book  2016

109


Jamaica Latin America & Caribbean Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

2.7 11 14.0 23.5

Upper middle income Population growth (%) 0.2 Population living below $1.90 a day (%) <2 GNI per capita, Atlas ($) 5,150 GNI per capita, PPP ($) 8,640 2000

2010

2014

5.5 72 2.6 89 69 96 22 6.6 88 87 1.0 68 2.4

.. 75 2.2 93 72 99 18 4.8 89 .. .. 63 1.8

.. 76 2.0 89 .. .. 16 5.7 92 .. .. 63 1.6

3.4 .. 94 81 1,481 4.0 2,334

3.4 0.1 7.5 94 82 1,001 2.7 1,270

3.4 0.1 7.5 94 82 1,084 .. 1,126

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

8.9 0.9 10.6 7 26 67 33 49 27 29.6 –2.1

13.2 –1.5 9.8 6 21 73 31 50 20 30.1 –5.9

13.9 0.7 7.3 7 21 72 31 53 22 31.1 0.8

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

31 .. 0.5 14.2 3.1 46.5 0

8 74.4 0.9 116.1 27.7 51.2 1

3 77.8 0.9 107.4 40.5 52.4 1

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

52 100 4.7 18.5 –92.0 0.9 468 9

50 95 14.1 27.9 –95.0 2.0 186 141

52 85 14.0 32.7 –97.0 2.3 595 92

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

110

2016  The Little Data Book


Japan East Asia & Pacific Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

High income 127.1 378 5,339.1 4,846.7

Population growth (%) –0.2 Population living below $1.90 a day (%) .. GNI per capita, Atlas ($) 42,000 GNI per capita, PPP ($) 38,120

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)

2000

2010

2014

.. 81 1.4 10 56 .. 5 .. 96 102 1.0 62 ..

7.4 83 1.4 6 .. .. 3 7.1 94 101 1.0 60 ..

.. 84 1.4 5 .. .. 3 .. 98 102 1.0 59 ..

249

250 0.0 18.9 100 100 3,470 .. 7,836

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

19.7 100 100 4,093 9.6 7,975

250 0.0 19.3 100 100 3,896 9.1 8,337

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

4,731 2.3 –1.2 2 31 67 11 9 25 .. ..

5,495 4.7 –2.2 1 28 71 15 14 20 11.4 –6.7

4,601 –0.1 1.6 1 26 73 18 21 22 12.3 –7.2

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. 1.0 53.1 30.0 304.7 29

.. .. 1.0 96.8 78.2 328.5 18

10 .. 1.0 120.2 90.6 373.8 17

18 100 .. .. 622 1.4 8.2 ..

27 68 .. .. 445 1.7 7.4 ..

33 58 .. .. 350 3.7 9.1 ..

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

The Little Data Book  2016

111


Jordan Middle East & North Africa Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

6.6 89 34.1 78.7

Upper middle income Population growth (%) 2.3 Population living below $1.90 a day (%) <2 GNI per capita, Atlas ($) 5,160 GNI per capita, PPP ($) 11,910 2000

2010

2014

7.2 72 4.1 77 56 100 28 12.0 94 101 1.0 42 ..

8.2 73 3.6 59 59 99 21 8.3 98 86 1.0 42 ..

.. 74 3.4 58 61 100 18 7.8 98 .. 1.0 42 ..

980 .. 97 98 1,014 3.2 1,377

980 0.0 138.0 97 99 1,175 3.5 2,216

980 0.0 138.0 97 99 1,196 .. 2,350

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

8.5 4.2 –0.4 2 26 72 42 69 22 25.1 –2.0

26.4 2.3 8.4 3 31 66 48 69 24 22.7 –5.6

35.8 3.1 3.4 4 30 66 43 69 28 21.5 –8.3

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

79 .. 6.3 8.2 2.6 78.8 8

12 76.7 5.2 102.6 27.2 99.9 3

12 74.4 3.5 147.8 44.0 106.2 2

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

77 100 11.1 20.1 –94 1.8 0.9 553

85 86 17.1 5.8 450 3.5 1.7 951

87 71 24.3 8.5 230 3.7 1.8 2,699

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

112

2016  The Little Data Book


Kazakhstan Europe & Central Asia Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Upper middle income 17.3 2,725 204.8 375.3

Population growth (%) 1.5 Population living below $1.90 a day (%) <2 GNI per capita, Atlas ($) 11,850 GNI per capita, PPP ($) 21,710 2000

2010

2014

6.9 66 1.8 65 66 98 44 13.9 99 93 1.0 70 0.1

9.5 68 2.6 20 51 100 22 13.1 99 106 .. 72 0.1

10.0 72 2.7 12 .. .. 14 .. 99 114 1.0 73 0.2

34 30.6 94 97 2,397 8.6 3,170

33 0.2 32.2 93 97 4,235 15.1 4,728

33 0.0 32.9 93 98 4,787 .. 4,892

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

18 9.8 17.4 9 40 51 57 49 18 11.3 0.1

148 7.3 19.5 5 43 52 44 30 25 .. ..

218 4.4 6.0 5 36 59 39 26 24 .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

26 .. 0.8 1.4 0.7 12.3 4

19 95.6 1.0 121.9 31.6 45.4 34

5 90.0 1.1 172.2 54.9 36.6 37

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

76 100 13 32.4 45 122 1.3 189

62 197 119 57.9 –35 226 7.5 226

55 216 158 35.6 160 229 7.6 88

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

The Little Data Book  2016

113


Kenya Sub-Saharan Africa Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Lower middle income 44.9 580 58.1 131.8

Population growth (%) 2.6 Population living below $1.90 a day (%) 33.6 GNI per capita, Atlas ($) 1,290 GNI per capita, PPP ($) 2,940

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)

2000

2010

2014

.. 51 5.0 759 39 42 108 41.0 78 .. 1.0 68 9.9

.. 59 4.6 605 46 44 62 35.2 86 .. 1.0 67 5.6

.. 62 4.3 510 58 62 49 26.0 79 104 1.0 67 5.3

36

44 –0.9 15.5 63 30 492 .. 168

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

.. 52 27 451 0.3 107

42 –1.7 11.2 60 29 488 0.3 154

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

12.7 0.6 6.1 32 17 51 22 32 17 19.7 2.0

40.0 8.4 2.1 28 21 51 21 34 21 16.4 –4.7

60.9 5.3 7.5 30 19 50 16 34 21 17.6 –3.8

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

60 .. 1.3 0.4 0.3 35.7 4

31 62.2 1.6 61.0 14.0 41.1 6

26 54.4 1.3 73.8 43.4 44.6 4

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ billions)

38 100 6.2 21.0 25 538 111 0.5

43 95 8.8 4.4 –189 686 178 1.6

40 88 16.2 11.0 –50 1,441 944 2.7

114

2016  The Little Data Book


Kiribati East Asia & Pacific Population (thousands) Surface area (sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ millions) GNI, PPP ($ millions)

Lower middle income 110 810 325.8 369.2

Population growth (%) 1.8 Population living below $1.90 a day (%) 14.1 GNI per capita, Atlas ($) 2,950 GNI per capita, PPP ($) 3,340 2000

2010

2014

.. 64 4.1 166 36 89 71 .. 80 99 1.1 .. ..

.. 65 3.8 109 22 80 63 .. 89 107 1.1 .. ..

.. 66 3.7 90 .. .. 56 .. 91 112 .. .. ..

120 .. 59 34 .. 0.4 ..

120 0.0 .. 65 39 114 0.6 ..

120 0.0 .. 67 40 .. .. ..

67.5 9.5 –2.8 22 12 66 13 93 .. .. ..

150.4 –0.5 1.1 25 8 67 11 87 .. .. ..

166.8 3.7 1.9 26 8 67 11 111 .. .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

21 .. .. 0.4 1.8 .. ..

31 36.7 .. 10.8 9.1 .. 43

31 34.4 .. 17.4 12.3 .. 1

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

65 100 .. .. –2.0 .. 0.7 17.9

51 88 .. .. –0.6 14.9 –6.6 22.8

60 94 .. .. –2.1 16.0 8.3 79.1

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

The Little Data Book  2016

115


Korea, Dem. People’s Rep. East Asia & Pacific Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ millions) GNI, PPP ($ millions)

Low income 25.0 121 .. ..

Population growth (%) Population living below $1.90 a day (%) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

0.5 .. .. ..

2000

2010

2014

.. 65 2.0 128 69 97 60 51.0 78 .. .. 81 ..

.. 69 2.0 97 71 100 31 32.4 99 97 1.0 78 ..

.. 70 2.0 82 .. .. 25 27.9 99 .. .. 78 ..

69 .. 100 61 863 3.4 715

57 2.0 12.9 100 80 772 3.0 744

50 2.3 12.9 100 82 581 .. 660

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. .. 0.0 0.0 .. ..

.. .. .. 1.8 0.0 .. ..

.. .. .. 11.2 0.0 .. ..

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

.. 100 .. .. 0.0 .. 3 73

.. 79 .. .. 0.0 .. 38 79

.. 67 .. .. 0.0 .. 134 153

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

116

2016  The Little Data Book


Korea, Rep. East Asia & Pacific Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

High income 50.4 100 1,365.8 1,697.0

Population growth (%) 0.4 Population living below $1.90 a day (%) .. GNI per capita, Atlas ($) 27,090 GNI per capita, PPP ($) 33,650

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

2000

2010

2014

.. 76 1.5 16 79 100 6 2.5 95 104 1.0 61 ..

.. 81 1.2 15 80 .. 4 2.5 98 99 1.0 60 ..

.. 82 1.2 11 .. .. 3 .. 99 103 1.0 61 ..

63 45.0 93 100 4,003 9.5 5,907

62 62 0.1 0.1 45.0 45.0 98 98 100 100 5,060 5,262 11.5 .. 9,744 10,428

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

562 8.8 1.0 4 38 58 35 33 33 21.2 4.2

1,094 6.5 3.2 2 38 59 49 46 32 21.0 1.5

1,410 3.3 0.6 2 38 59 51 45 29 .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

17 .. 2.5 58.3 44.7 70.9 35

14 .. 2.5 104.8 83.7 151.0 29

4 .. 2.6 115.7 84.3 162.4 27

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

59 100 .. .. 229 4.9 9.3 –55.1

81 57 .. .. 405 5.8 9.5 ..

78 53 .. .. 300 6.5 9.9 ..

The Little Data Book  2016

117


Kosovo Europe & Central Asia Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Lower middle income 1.8 11 7.3 17.0

Population growth (%) 0.3 Population living below $1.90 a day (%) <2 GNI per capita, Atlas ($) 3,990 GNI per capita, PPP ($) 9,300 2000

2010

2014

9.0 68 3.0 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

7.8 70 2.3 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

9.4 71 2.1 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. 909 .. 1,557

.. .. .. .. .. 1,405 .. 2,650

.. .. .. .. .. 1,297 .. 2,917

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

1.8 27.0 11.4 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

5.8 3.3 4.7 16 28 55 20 55 33 .. ..

7.4 1.2 3.2 14 27 59 20 51 26 .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. .. .. .. –1.6 ..

58 .. .. .. .. 16.8 ..

11 40.0 .. .. .. 26.7 ..

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

.. .. 0.1 .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. 1.5 8.3 .. 997 487 528

.. .. 2.2 8.8 .. 1,192 200 580

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

118

2016  The Little Data Book


Kuwait Middle East & North Africa Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

3.8 18 185.0 299.7

High income Population growth (%) 4.3 Population living below $1.90 a day (%) .. GNI per capita, Atlas ($) 49,300 GNI per capita, PPP ($) 79,850

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

2000

2010

2014

.. 73 2.8 7 52 100 13 4.0 99 103 1.0 68 ..

.. 74 2.4 5 .. 100 11 4.1 98 98 1.0 68 ..

.. 75 2.1 4 .. .. 9 5.8 94 103 1.1 69 ..

50 .. 99 100 9,746 27.8 14,909

60 60 –2.6 0.0 .. .. 99 99 100 100 10,526 9,757 29.7 .. 16,387 14,911

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

37.7 4.7 20.5 .. .. .. 56 30 11 43.8 –5.6

115.4 –2.4 11.2 0 61 39 67 30 18 .. ..

163.6 –1.6 –4.2 0 64 35 68 31 16 .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

35 .. 7.2 25.0 6.7 70.4 0

35 .. 3.8 133.0 61.4 75.3 1

31 .. 3.3 218.4 78.7 60.7 0

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

71 100 .. .. 139 .. 16 ..

80 182 .. .. 522 4.8 1,305 ..

83 212 .. .. 518 3.8 486 ..

The Little Data Book  2016

119


Kyrgyz Republic Europe & Central Asia Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Lower middle income 5.8 200 7.3 18.8

Population growth (%) Population living below $1.90 a day (%) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

2.0 2.9 1,250 3,220

2000

2010

2014

8.6 69 2.4 74 .. 99 49 .. 98 93 1.0 65 0.1

8.8 69 3.1 84 48 98 30 22.6 99 95 1.0 66 0.2

9.6 70 3.2 76 42 98 21 12.9 96 105 1.0 68 0.3

8.6 20.6 78 92 473 0.9 1,696

6.8 2.3 16.4 86 93 505 1.1 1,372

6.4 1.2 16.4 90 93 690 .. 1,887

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

1.4 5.4 27.2 37 31 32 42 48 20 14.2 –2.9

4.8 –0.5 10.0 19 29 51 52 82 27 19.4 –4.8

7.4 3.6 7.9 17 27 56 37 88 35 23.2 –6.5

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

21 .. 2.9 0.2 1.0 12.2 15

14 88.9 3.8 98.9 16.3 10.9 1

10 82.2 3.4 134.5 28.3 15.9 5

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

77 100 1.9 30.2 –173 0.0 –2 215

104 110 4.1 23.1 –77 1.3 438 382

100 105 7.3 14.2 –114 2.2 211 624

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

120

2016  The Little Data Book


Lao PDR East Asia & Pacific Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Lower middle income 6.7 237 11.1 33.8

Population growth (%) 1.6 Population living below $1.90 a day (%) 30.0 GNI per capita, Atlas ($) 1,660 GNI per capita, PPP ($) 5,060 2000

2010

2014

8.1 59 4.3 546 32 19 118 48.2 42 68 0.8 80 0.1

7.6 64 3.3 294 .. 37 80 43.8 64 85 0.9 78 0.3

7.3 66 3.0 197 50 42 67 .. 87 100 0.9 78 0.3

165 .. 46 28 .. 0.2 ..

178 –0.8 1.8 68 59 .. 0.2 ..

188 –1.0 1.8 76 71 .. .. ..

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

1.7 5.8 24.8 45 17 38 30 44 14 .. ..

7.2 8.5 10.0 33 32 35 36 38 24 14.4 –0.8

12.0 7.5 –0.3 28 31 41 40 50 30 16.6 –0.8

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

108 .. 0.8 0.2 0.1 9.0 ..

63 70.0 0.2 62.6 7.0 26.5 ..

73 71.1 0.2 67.0 14.3 .. ..

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

50 100 2.5 8.0 –175 0.7 34 281

53 121 6.5 13.0 –118 41.8 279 414

50 106 10.7 10.6 –118 59.8 721 472

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

The Little Data Book  2016

121


Latvia Europe & Central Asia Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

High income 2.0 64 30.4 46.6

Population growth (%) –0.9 Population living below $1.90 a day (%) <2 GNI per capita, Atlas ($) 15,250 GNI per capita, PPP ($) 23,360 2000

2010

2014

7.1 70 1.3 30 .. 100 17 .. 97 96 1.0 56 ..

6.0 73 1.4 19 .. 100 9 .. 95 96 1.0 59 ..

6.3 74 1.5 18 .. .. 8 .. 95 111 1.0 61 ..

32 2.5 98 82 1,618 2.6 2,082

34 –0.3 .. 99 86 2,149 4.0 3,230

34 0.0 2.5 99 88 2,159 .. 3,473

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

7.9 5.4 3.6 5 27 68 37 45 25 25.7 –2.2

23.7 –3.8 –1.0 4 24 72 54 55 19 25.3 –6.9

31.3 2.4 1.2 3 23 73 60 62 23 25.8 0.5

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

16 .. 0.9 16.9 6.3 23.0 4

16 .. 1.1 110.3 68.4 129.6 8

6 .. 1.0 116.8 75.8 76.8 15

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

64 100 .. .. –82.7 0.1 413 ..

89 106 .. .. –86.2 1.3 435 ..

103 104 .. .. –73.4 1.8 878 ..

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

122

2016  The Little Data Book


Lebanon Middle East & North Africa Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

4.5 10 45.6 80.0

Upper middle income Population growth (%) 1.2 Population living below $1.90 a day (%) .. GNI per capita, Atlas ($) 10,030 GNI per capita, PPP ($) 17,590

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)

2000

2010

2014

.. 74 2.2 42 63 .. 20 .. 71 115 1.0 44 0.1

.. 78 1.6 19 54 .. 10 .. 79 88 1.0 47 0.1

.. 79 1.7 15 .. .. 8 .. 79 78 1.0 48 0.1

1.3

1.4 –0.1 27.3 99 81 1,573 .. 3,758

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

29.9 86 83 1,517 4.7 2,985

1.4 –0.4 27.3 98 81 1,471 4.6 3,479

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

17.3 1.3 –2.1 7 23 70 14 36 20 16.0 –18.4

38.0 8.0 0.2 4 15 81 36 62 25 20.3 –7.6

45.7 2.0 1.1 6 25 70 40 70 31 19.6 –10.6

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

53 .. 5.4 23.0 8.0 175.1 2

15 56.7 4.2 66.0 43.7 168.7 13

15 65.6 4.6 88.3 74.7 194.9 2

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

40 100 10.2 35.6 550 2.5 1.3 200

62 102 24.6 18.7 183 6.9 4.3 448

56 100 30.6 16.4 1,250 7.4 3.0 820

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123


Lesotho Sub-Saharan Africa Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Lower middle income 2.1 30 2.8 6.6

Population growth (%) Population living below $1.90 a day (%) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

1.2 59.7 1,330 3,150

2000

2010

2014

3.0 47 4.1 649 30 60 117 53.0 74 64 1.1 74 22.5

2.8 47 3.3 587 47 62 101 39.0 88 73 1.1 66 23.3

.. 50 3.2 487 60 78 90 33.2 92 76 1.1 66 23.4

420 0.8 79 24 .. .. ..

440 –0.5 .. 81 29 10 1.1 ..

490 –2.2 0.8 82 30 .. .. ..

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

0.8 5.1 4.0 12 31 57 35 135 41 49.0 –2.8

2.2 7.9 2.4 8 32 60 44 111 29 65.0 5.6

2.2 3.6 6.7 8 32 60 40 101 33 .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

138 .. 4.0 1.2 0.2 3.6 0

39 65.6 3.2 49.2 3.9 –6.2 1

29 65.6 2.2 85.0 11.0 0.7 0

133 100 677 7.5 –34.5 478 32.4 37

145 77 778 2.1 –24.4 610 30.4 256

144 75 876 3.1 –20.0 380 46.5 104

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

124

2016  The Little Data Book


Liberia Sub-Saharan Africa Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Low income 4.4 111 1.6 3.1

Population growth (%) Population living below $1.90 a day (%) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

2.4 68.6 370 700

2000

2010

2014

.. 52 5.9 1,270 10 51 182 45.3 63 .. 0.7 60 2.3

6.5 59 5.0 811 11 46 89 39.4 65 65 0.9 61 1.5

.. 61 4.7 725 20 61 70 32.1 58 59 0.9 62 1.2

46 0.1 62 13 .. 0.2 ..

43 0.7 .. 71 16 .. 0.2 ..

42 0.7 0.1 76 17 .. .. ..

529 28.6 –6.9 .. .. .. 31 39 7 .. ..

1,293 6.1 5.5 .. .. .. 44 146 19 .. ..

2,013 0.7 2.7 .. .. .. 25 95 19 .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. .. 0.1 0.0 174.5 ..

20 33.3 0.7 39.7 2.3 31.9 ..

5 51.1 0.8 73.4 5.4 37.8 ..

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

188 100 2,836 .. –50 .. 21 67

72 134 419 1.4 176 31 452 1,413

81 128 633 1.9 –20 495 363 744

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

The Little Data Book  2016

125


Libya Middle East & North Africa Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

6.3 1,760 49.0 100.1

Upper middle income Population growth (%) –0.1 Population living below $1.90 a day (%) .. GNI per capita, Atlas ($) 7,820 GNI per capita, PPP ($) 16,000 2000

2010

2014

.. 71 2.9 17 .. 99 28 .. 93 .. 1.0 52 ..

.. 72 2.6 9 42 100 17 21.0 98 .. .. 53 ..

.. 72 2.5 9 .. .. 13 .. 93 .. .. 53 ..

2.2 618.0 71 97 2,979 8.8 2,230

2.2 0.0 .. .. 97 3,281 10.5 4,224

2.2 0.0 618.0 .. 97 2,711 .. 3,923

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

38.3 3.7 13.3 5 66 29 32 14 12 .. ..

74.8 5.0 14.2 2 78 20 66 42 30 .. ..

41.1 –24.0 –17.3 .. .. .. 47 97 .. .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. 2.8 0.8 0.2 50.7 ..

.. 40.6 1.3 180.4 14.0 –60.4 ..

35 22.2 8.0 161.1 17.8 –42.0 ..

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

45 100 .. .. –12 9.0 141 5

89 184 .. .. –82 .. 1,784 9

97 222 .. .. –502 .. 50 210

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

126

2016  The Little Data Book


Liechtenstein Europe & Central Asia Population (thousands) Surface area (sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ millions)

High income 37 160 .. ..

Population growth (%) Population living below $1.90 a day (%) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

0.7 .. .. ..

2000

2010

2014

.. 77 1.6 .. .. .. .. .. .. 90 0.9 .. ..

.. 82 1.4 .. .. .. .. .. .. 111 0.9 .. ..

.. 82 1.5 .. .. .. .. .. .. 102 0.9 .. ..

70 .. .. .. .. .. ..

70 0.0 .. .. .. .. 1.6 ..

70 0.0 .. .. .. .. .. ..

2.5 3.2 1.6 .. 41 .. .. .. .. .. ..

5.1 –1.2 –9.9 .. 39 .. .. .. .. .. ..

5.5 .. .. .. 38 .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. 30.2 36.5 .. ..

.. .. .. 98.3 80.0 .. ..

.. .. .. 109.3 95.2 .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

The Little Data Book  2016

127


Lithuania Europe & Central Asia Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

High income 2.9 65 45.2 77.4

Population growth (%) –0.9 Population living below $1.90 a day (%) <2 GNI per capita, Atlas ($) 15,410 GNI per capita, PPP ($) 26,390 2000

2010

2014

7.9 72 1.4 16 .. 100 12 .. 97 101 1.0 60 ..

6.4 73 1.5 9 63 100 7 .. 96 103 1.0 59 ..

6.5 74 1.6 10 .. .. 5 .. 93 97 1.0 61 ..

20 18.1 91 87 2,038 3.5 2,517

22 –0.7 15.4 95 91 2,276 4.3 3,471

22 –0.1 15.4 97 92 2,357 .. 3,664

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

11.5 3.8 1.3 6 30 64 39 45 19 25.6 –5.2

37.1 1.6 2.4 3 29 68 65 67 18 17.5 –4.4

48.4 3.0 1.2 3 31 66 81 79 18 17.9 –1.3

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

26 .. 4.2 15.0 6.4 15.0 4

22 .. 3.0 159.4 62.1 18.5 11

4 .. 2.7 147.0 72.1 13.2 10

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

80 100 .. .. –84 0.0 379 ..

119 94 .. .. –142 1.7 865 ..

140 94 .. .. –170 2.1 351 ..

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

128

2016  The Little Data Book


Luxembourg Europe & Central Asia Population (thousands) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

High income 556 2.6 42.3 36.5

Population growth (%) 2.4 Population living below $1.90 a day (%) .. GNI per capita, Atlas ($) 75,960 GNI per capita, PPP ($) 65,570

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

2000

2010

2014

.. 78 1.8 13 .. 100 5 .. 93 .. 1.0 53 ..

7.9 81 1.6 11 .. .. 2 .. 96 84 1.0 57 ..

7.1 82 1.6 10 .. .. 2 .. 99 82 1.0 57 ..

870 6.0 100 98 7,677 18.9 15,668

870 870 0.0 0.0 .. 4.5 100 100 98 98 8,329 6,812 21.6 .. 16,830 14,193

21.4 8.4 2.0 1 18 81 147 122 22 37.7 4.1

52.4 5.7 3.1 0 13 87 179 147 19 40.1 –0.8

64.9 4.1 1.0 0 12 88 203 171 19 40.3 –0.6

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. 0.6 69.5 22.9 116.8 17

18 .. 0.6 143.1 90.6 224.8 8

19 .. 0.5 149.5 94.7 194.5 6

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

92 100 .. .. 14.5 0.6 4.1 ..

86 80 .. .. 42.3 1.7 38.6 ..

71 74 .. .. 48.7 1.8 7.1 ..

The Little Data Book  2016

129


Macao SAR, China East Asia and Pacific Population (thousands) Surface area (sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

High income 578 30 44.1 69.4

Population growth (%) 1.7 Population living below $1.90 a day (%) .. GNI per capita, Atlas ($) 76,270 GNI per capita, PPP ($) 120,140 2000

2010

2014

.. 78 0.9 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 65 ..

.. 80 1.1 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 71 ..

.. 81 1.2 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 72 ..

.. .. .. .. .. 3.8 ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. 2.2 ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

6.1 5.7 –2.0 0 15 85 100 65 12 19.9 1.6

28.4 27.5 4.6 0 7 93 106 50 13 36.4 19.3

55.5 –0.4 8.5 0 6 94 99 45 19 39.1 24.1

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. .. 32.7 13.6 42.0 1

.. .. .. 209.9 55.2 –21.2 0

.. .. .. 322.6 69.8 –4.1 0

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

85 100 .. .. 29.9 208 0.0 0.3

23 88 .. .. 56.3 47 3.6 ..

23 87 .. .. 35.0 50 2.5 ..

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

130

2016  The Little Data Book


Macedonia, FYR Europe & Central Asia Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Upper middle income 2.1 26 10.7 27.3

Population growth (%) 0.1 Population living below $1.90 a day (%) <2 GNI per capita, Atlas ($) 5,150 GNI per capita, PPP ($) 13,170 2000

2010

2014

6.6 73 1.7 12 .. 98 16 8.0 97 100 1.0 54 ..

5.4 75 1.5 8 40 98 10 4.9 98 90 1.0 56 ..

.. 75 1.5 8 .. .. 6 .. 93 .. 1.0 55 ..

9.6 11.0 99 90 1,326 6.0 2,928

10.0 –0.4 19.0 99 91 1,396 4.2 3,588

10.0 0.0 19.0 99 91 1,349 .. 3,557

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

3.8 4.5 13.8 12 25 63 33 47 22 .. ..

9.4 3.4 2.0 12 24 64 40 58 24 28.9 –2.5

11.3 3.8 1.4 10 25 65 48 65 31 27.9 –3.9

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

48 .. 1.9 5.6 2.5 13.7 1

3 78.9 1.4 102.4 51.9 47.1 3

1 83.3 1.2 105.5 68.1 54.6 3

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

91 100 1.5 8.3 –15.3 81 215 250

94 92 5.2 16.4 –5.0 388 301 193

108 91 7.2 17.5 –5.0 367 61 211

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

The Little Data Book  2016

131


Madagascar Sub-Saharan Africa Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Low income 23.6 587 10.4 33.0

Population growth (%) Population living below $1.90 a day (%) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)

2.8 81.8 440 1,400

2000

2010

2014

4.9 58 5.5 536 19 46 109 .. 57 36 .. 87 0.5

6.5 63 4.7 436 40 44 60 49.2 66 71 1.0 89 0.4

.. 65 4.4 353 40 44 50 .. 64 69 1.0 88 0.3

130

125 0.1 4.9 52 12 .. .. ..

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

4.9 38 10 .. 0.12 ..

126 0.4 .. 47 11 .. 0.10 ..

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

3.9 4.8 7.2 29 14 57 31 38 15 11.7 –2.0

8.7 0.3 8.8 28 16 56 25 43 21 11.2 –0.9

10.6 3.3 5.7 26 16 58 32 43 15 .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

67 .. 1.2 0.4 0.2 15.2 1

12 67.8 0.7 36.6 1.7 10.5 1

13 58.9 0.7 41.2 3.7 16.8 1

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

50 100 4.7 9.7 –5.0 11 83 320

43 77 2.7 2.7 –5.0 547 810 472

51 84 2.9 2.5 –5.0 432 351 583

132

2016  The Little Data Book


Malawi Sub-Saharan Africa Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Low income 16.7 118 4.2 13.2

Population growth (%) Population living below $1.90 a day (%) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)

3.1 70.9 250 790

2000

2010

2014

.. 44 6.3 890 31 56 174 54.6 73 62 0.9 79 16.6

5.5 57 5.5 629 46 71 91 47.8 93 68 1.0 83 11.7

.. 63 5.1 634 59 87 64 42.4 85 79 1.0 83 10.0

36

31 0.6 8.4 90 41 .. .. ..

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

8.2 63 34 .. 0.08 ..

32 1.0 8.4 81 39 .. 0.08 ..

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

1.7 1.6 30.5 40 18 43 26 35 14 .. ..

5.4 6.5 7.4 30 20 51 29 45 26 .. ..

4.3 5.7 20.9 33 17 50 46 56 15 .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

43 .. 0.7 0.4 0.1 12.5 2

36 78.9 0.9 20.8 2.3 30.0 1

38 75.6 1.2 33.5 5.8 21.5 3

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

52 100 2.7 13.5 –36.8 0.7 26 446

60 99 1.0 1.7 –36.8 21.8 97 1,015

102 100 1.6 4.0 –30.0 38.5 716 930

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133


Malaysia East Asia & Pacific Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Upper middle income 29.9 331 332.5 740.8

Population growth (%) 1.5 Population living below $1.90 a day (%) <2 GNI per capita, Atlas ($) 11,120 GNI per capita, PPP ($) 24,770 2000

2010

2014

.. 73 2.8 58 .. 97 10 20.7 96 95 .. 63 0.8

4.6 74 2.0 48 .. 99 8 17.2 95 100 .. 59 0.6

.. 75 1.9 40 .. 99 7 .. 94 103 .. 60 0.5

216 1.6 94 91 2,113 5.4 2,720

221 –0.2 1.9 97 95 2,649 8.0 4,159

222 –0.1 1.9 98 96 3,020 .. 4,512

94 8.9 8.9 9 48 43 120 101 27 17.5 –4.1

255 7.4 7.3 10 40 49 87 71 23 19.4 –5.0

338 6.0 2.5 9 40 51 74 65 25 21.4 –4.4

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

37 .. 1.6 21.9 21.4 138.4 60

17 80.0 1.5 119.7 56.3 123.3 45

4 74.4 1.5 148.8 67.5 140.5 44

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

192 100 42 5.6 491 0.3 3.8 45.7

142 98 134 2.4 652 1.1 10.9 2.1

131 96 211 4.9 450 1.6 10.6 11.9

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

134

2016  The Little Data Book


Maldives South Asia Population (thousands) Surface area (sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Upper middle income 401 300 2.6 4.4

Population growth (%) 2.0 Population living below $1.90 a day (%) 5.6 GNI per capita, Atlas ($) 6,410 GNI per capita, PPP ($) 10,920 2000

2010

2014

1.4 70 2.9 163 42 70 44 31.9 99 178 1.0 55 ..

6.5 76 2.2 87 35 98 13 20.3 97 114 .. 66 ..

.. 77 2.1 68 .. .. 9 .. 99 .. .. 67 ..

10.0 .. 95 79 .. 1.7 ..

10.0 0.0 .. 98 97 857 2.9 ..

10.0 0.0 19.7 99 98 .. .. ..

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

0.6 5.7 1.9 9 15 76 89 72 26 30.0 –5.0

2.3 6.0 1.2 4 16 80 87 73 .. 21.3 –15.0

3.1 6.5 3.0 4 19 77 108 89 .. .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

9 .. .. 2.8 2.2 34.8 ..

9 65.6 .. 151.8 26.5 85.6 ..

9 55.6 .. 189.4 49.3 70.7 ..

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

80 100 206 4.2 –0.1 2.2 22 19

55 93 994 4.0 –0.1 3.2 216 111

76 91 1,026 2.3 –0.1 3.5 363 25

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

The Little Data Book  2016

135


Mali Sub-Saharan Africa Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Low income 17.1 1,240 11.0 25.8

Population growth (%) Population living below $1.90 a day (%) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)

2.9 49.3 650 1,510

2000

2010

2014

6.3 49 6.9 834 8 41 220 42.7 49 31 0.7 51 1.8

8.0 56 6.5 630 10 56 137 38.5 78 57 0.8 66 1.4

.. 58 6.2 587 .. 59 115 .. 80 53 0.9 66 1.4

59

47 1.6 8.6 77 25 .. .. ..

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

.. 47 18 .. 0.07 ..

51 1.4 8.6 67 22 .. 0.08 ..

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

2.7 –3.3 8.0 36 21 43 23 33 20 12.3 –3.1

9.3 5.8 2.4 41 20 39 22 25 25 17.6 –2.5

12.0 7.2 2.7 40 22 38 26 30 24 17.8 –1.4

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

33 .. 1.6 0.1 0.1 13.1 15

8 63.3 1.6 53.2 2.0 12.5 2

9 65.6 1.4 149.1 7.0 23.1 1

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ billions)

51 100 3.0 14.1 –67 73 82 0.3

59 162 2.5 2.5 –101 473 372 1.1

50 139 3.4 3.0 –302 923 199 1.2

136

2016  The Little Data Book


Malta Middle East & North Africa Population (thousands) Surface area (sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

427 320 8.9 11.6

High income Population growth (%) 0.9 Population living below $1.90 a day (%) .. GNI per capita, Atlas ($) 21,000 GNI per capita, PPP ($) 27,390

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)

2000

2010

2014

.. 78 1.7 15 .. .. 8 .. 74 102 1.0 51 ..

.. 81 1.4 11 .. 100 7 .. 73 89 0.8 51 ..

.. 82 1.4 9 .. .. 6 .. 98 92 0.9 52 ..

0.0

0.0 0.0 106.7 100 100 1,735 .. 4,736

Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

106.7 100 100 1,771 5.4 4,410

0.0 0.0 .. 100 100 1,985 6.3 4,634

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

4.0 6.8 4.2 2 51 47 91 98 25 70.3 –12.0

8.2 4.3 1.4 2 33 65 88 85 14 37.4 –3.6

9.6 2.9 2.1 .. .. .. .. .. .. 38.8 –2.6

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. 0.6 28.1 13.1 128.5 72

39 .. 0.7 107.3 63.0 159.5 47

28 .. 0.6 127.0 73.2 151.5 34

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

148 100 .. .. 5.8 20 601 21.2

106 132 .. .. 13.5 230 9,247 ..

101 127 .. .. 6.3 196 –13 ..

The Little Data Book  2016

137


Marshall Islands East Asia & Pacific Population (thousands) Surface area (sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ millions) GNI, PPP ($ millions)

Upper middle income 53 180 232.0 248.5

Population growth (%) 0.2 Population living below $1.90 a day (%) .. GNI per capita, Atlas ($) 4,390 GNI per capita, PPP ($) 4,700 2000

2010

2014

.. 65 5.7 .. 34 95 41 .. 94 93 1.0 .. ..

.. .. 4.1 .. 45 99 39 .. 97 100 1.0 .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. 36 .. 79 .. .. .. ..

130 .. 93 70 .. 1.5 ..

130 0.0 .. 94 75 614 2.0 ..

130 0.0 .. 95 77 .. .. ..

110.9 5.9 –3.0 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

163.8 4.1 3.4 16 12 72 .. .. .. .. ..

186.7 –1.0 –0.9 19 11 71 .. .. .. .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

22 .. .. 0.9 1.5 .. ..

17 41.1 .. .. 7.0 .. ..

17 37.8 .. 29.4 16.8 .. ..

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

58 100 .. .. .. .. 0.0 57.2

111 100 .. .. .. 22.2 –9.4 32.3

131 108 .. .. .. 26.1 9.0 55.8

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

138

2016  The Little Data Book


Mauritania Sub-Saharan Africa Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Lower middle income 4.0 1,031 5.0 14.7

Population growth (%) Population living below $1.90 a day (%) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

2.5 10.9 1,270 3,710

2000

2010

2014

6.2 60 5.4 813 8 57 114 39.5 46 45 0.9 50 0.8

6.4 62 4.8 723 11 65 98 29.7 67 67 1.0 54 0.8

.. 63 4.6 602 .. .. 85 22.0 84 68 1.0 54 0.7

3.2 400.3 42 24 .. 0.4 ..

2.4 2.7 337.5 54 36 .. 0.6 ..

2.3 1.5 337.5 58 40 .. .. ..

1.3 –0.4 5.4 36 27 37 30 45 21 .. ..

4.3 4.8 18.9 21 41 38 51 61 37 .. ..

5.1 6.4 –5.2 23 36 42 48 70 43 .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

82 .. 2.9 0.6 0.2 .. ..

19 62.2 3.1 76.9 4.0 38.9 ..

8 66.7 2.9 94.2 10.7 31.9 ..

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

63 100 2.4 27.8 30.0 2.2 40 223

92 173 2.7 4.9 –20.0 .. 131 370

91 141 3.5 9.9 –20.0 .. 502 257

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

The Little Data Book  2016

139


Mauritius Sub-Saharan Africa Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Upper middle income 1.3 2.0 12.1 22.9

Population growth (%) 0.2 Population living below $1.90 a day (%) <2 GNI per capita, Atlas ($) 9,630 GNI per capita, PPP ($) 18,150 2000

2010

2014

.. 72 2.0 40 76 99 19 .. 84 103 1.0 60 0.9

.. 73 1.6 59 .. .. 15 .. 99 99 1.0 59 1.1

7.4 74 1.4 53 .. .. 14 .. 98 97 1.0 59 0.9

420 22.2 99 91 851 2.3 1,363

380 0.9 26.4 100 93 1,053 3.1 1,995

390 –0.1 26.4 100 93 1,095 .. 2,148

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

4.6 9.0 2.1 7 31 62 61 62 26 20.9 –1.1

9.7 4.1 1.8 4 26 70 52 64 24 21.8 –3.5

12.6 3.6 1.9 3 23 74 52 63 23 21.8 –4.1

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. 0.2 15.2 7.3 70.8 1

6 70.0 0.2 96.8 28.3 103.2 1

6 93.3 0.3 132.2 41.4 115.5 0

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

80 100 1.0 17.0 –19.4 177 266 20

68 73 2.7 1.5 –12.1 1 430 125

69 76 11.3 26.9 0.0 1 418 49

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

140

2016  The Little Data Book


Mexico Latin America & Caribbean Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

125.4 1,964 1,237.5 2,111.2

Upper middle income Population growth (%) 1.3 Population living below $1.90 a day (%) 2.7 GNI per capita, Atlas ($) 9,870 GNI per capita, PPP ($) 16,840 2000

2010

2014

3.9 74 2.7 77 70 95 26 21.7 96 95 1.0 60 0.5

4.7 76 2.4 45 73 94 17 15.5 95 93 1.0 61 0.3

4.9 77 2.2 38 .. 96 13 13.6 97 103 1.0 62 0.2

679 17.8 89 75 1,409 3.7 1,717

665 0.2 19.3 94 82 1,486 3.8 1,904

660 0.1 19.6 96 85 1,510 .. 2,057

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

684 5.3 10.8 4 35 62 26 27 23 12.5 –1.0

1,050 5.2 4.5 3 35 62 30 31 22 .. ..

1,295 2.2 4.7 3 34 62 32 33 22 .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. 0.5 13.6 5.1 29.0 22

.. 85.6 0.6 77.5 31.1 44.5 17

6 92.2 0.7 82.2 44.4 50.2 16

51 100 152 31.6 –2,841 7.5 18.1 –58

58 99 246 10.1 –410 22.1 26.2 470

62 97 433 12.2 –524 24.5 24.2 807

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

The Little Data Book  2016

141


Micronesia, Fed. Sts. East Asia & Pacific Population (thousands) Surface area (sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ millions) GNI, PPP ($ millions)

Lower middle income 104 700 333.4 373.2

Population growth (%) 0.3 Population living below $1.90 a day (%) 50.4 GNI per capita, Atlas ($) 3,200 GNI per capita, PPP ($) 3,590 2000

2010

2014

1.6 67 4.3 153 45 88 54 .. 85 .. .. .. ..

.. 69 3.5 115 55 100 41 .. 80 .. .. .. ..

.. 69 3.2 100 .. .. 35 .. 91 .. .. .. ..

640 .. 90 34 .. 1.3 ..

640 0.0 .. 89 53 .. 1.2 ..

640 0.0 .. 89 57 .. .. ..

Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

233 4.6 1.1 26 9 65 .. .. .. .. ..

294 2.5 3.4 27 8 65 .. .. .. .. ..

318 –3.4 4.3 27 6 67 .. .. .. .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

36 .. .. 0.0 3.7 .. ..

16 27.8 .. 26.6 20.0 .. ..

16 35.6 .. 30.3 29.7 .. ..

55 100 .. .. –12.9 .. –0.2 102

67 81 .. .. –12.1 18.1 1.1 63

79 75 .. .. –8.2 22.0 0.8 116

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

142

2016  The Little Data Book


Moldova Europe & Central Asia Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Lower middle income 3.6 34 9.1 19.6

Population growth (%) –0.1 Population living below $1.90 a day (%) <2 GNI per capita, Atlas ($) 2,560 GNI per capita, PPP ($) 5,500 2000

2010

2014

6.9 67 1.4 49 62 98 31 .. 89 98 1.0 60 0.3

8.1 70 1.3 34 .. 99 17 .. 97 92 1.0 41 0.5

9.1 71 1.3 23 60 99 16 6.4 90 93 1.0 41 0.6

3.2 .. 85 73 792 1.0 1,638

3.9 –1.8 65.7 87 75 985 1.4 1,723

4.1 –1.2 65.7 88 76 863 .. 1,353

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

1.3 2.1 27.3 29 22 49 50 75 24 24.5 –1.5

5.8 7.1 11.1 14 16 70 39 79 24 31.6 –2.6

8.0 4.6 6.3 15 17 68 42 78 26 31.2 –2.0

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

42 .. 0.4 3.4 1.3 25.2 3

10 84.4 0.3 71.4 32.3 36.3 8

4 95.6 0.3 108.0 46.6 38.9 5

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

97 100 1.8 20.0 –12.1 0.2 128 123

93 78 4.7 14.5 –47.9 1.4 212 472

96 71 6.5 14.6 –9.5 2.1 350 517

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

The Little Data Book  2016

143


Monaco Europe & Central Asia Population (thousands) Surface area (sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ millions)

High income 38 2.0 .. ..

Population growth (%) Population living below $1.90 a day (%) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)

0.3 .. .. ..

2000

2010

2014

.. .. .. .. .. .. 5 .. 99 .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. 4 .. 99 .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. 4 .. 99 .. .. .. ..

0.0

0.0 0.0 .. 100 100 .. .. ..

Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

.. 100 100 .. .. ..

0.0 0.0 .. 100 100 .. .. ..

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

2.6 3.9 1.4 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

5.4 10.0 –1.6 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. 43.4 42.2 .. ..

.. .. .. 63.5 75.0 .. ..

.. .. .. 88.5 92.4 .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

144

2016  The Little Data Book


Mongolia East Asia & Pacific Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Upper middle income 2.9 1,564 12.5 32.4

Population growth (%) 1.8 Population living below $1.90 a day (%) <2 GNI per capita, Atlas ($) 4,280 GNI per capita, PPP ($) 11,120

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

2000

2010

2014

7.5 63 2.1 161 67 97 63 29.8 92 87 1.1 61 ..

7.8 68 2.6 63 55 99 30 15.6 97 .. 1.0 61 ..

7.7 69 2.7 44 55 99 22 10.8 98 110 1.0 63 ..

117 .. 56 48 1,000 3.1 1,054

130 –1.1 1.6 63 57 1,453 4.2 1,493

126 0.8 1.6 64 60 1,826 .. 1,909

1.1 1.1 12.0 31 25 44 54 68 29 24.4 0.2

7.2 6.4 39.2 13 37 50 47 57 42 29.0 2.6

12.0 7.8 6.0 16 37 47 53 56 32 25.6 –7.1

20 .. 2.1 6.4 1.3 9.0 0

13 74.4 0.8 92.5 10.2 25.9 7

6 74.4 0.9 105.1 27.0 67.2 20

101 100 1.0 6.6 –15.0 12 54 217

86 215 5.9 7.0 –15.0 266 1,692 301

92 172 20.8 21.2 –15.0 255 384 315

The Little Data Book  2016

145


Montenegro Europe & Central Asia Population (thousands) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Upper middle income 622 14 4.5 9.5

Population growth (%) 0.1 Population living below $1.90 a day (%) <2 GNI per capita, Atlas ($) 7,320 GNI per capita, PPP ($) 15,250

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

146

2016  The Little Data Book

2000

2010

2014

.. 73 1.9 11 53 99 14 .. .. .. 1.0 52 ..

8.7 75 1.8 8 39 100 7 .. 90 73 1.0 51 ..

7.1 76 1.7 7 23 99 5 9.4 88 96 1.0 50 ..

6.3 .. 97 89 .. .. ..

8.3 –2.8 .. 99 94 1,898 4.2 5,420

8.3 0.0 .. 100 96 1,651 .. 5,618

1.0 3.1 20.2 12 23 64 37 51 22 .. ..

4.1 2.5 2.3 9 21 70 37 63 22 .. ..

4.6 1.8 1.0 10 18 72 40 60 20 .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

10 57.8 1.8 188.7 37.5 .. ..

10 72.2 1.7 163.0 61.0 .. ..

.. .. 0.0 .. –8.0 .. .. 8

63 .. 1.6 5.7 –3.1 301 758 80

61 .. 2.5 12.6 –2.4 431 497 102


Morocco Middle East & North Africa Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

33.9 447 105.8 251.5

Lower middle income Population growth (%) Population living below $1.90 a day (%) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)

1.4 3.1 3,070 7,290

2000

2010

2014

6.5 68 2.7 221 .. .. 50 23.1 93 58 0.8 54 0.1

6.5 73 2.5 153 67 74 33 14.9 98 84 0.9 50 0.1

.. 74 2.5 121 .. .. 28 .. 99 102 0.9 51 0.1

50

56 0.1 36.0 85 77 564 .. 866

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

51.1 78 64 381 1.2 487

57 –1.3 .. 84 74 527 1.7 777

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

37.0 1.6 –0.6 15 29 56 28 33 26 26.3 –2.4

93.2 3.8 1.0 14 29 57 32 43 34 27.0 –3.5

110.0 2.4 0.2 13 29 58 34 47 32 29.4 –7.4

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

35 .. 2.3 8.2 0.7 81.1 11

12 77.8 3.4 101.1 52.0 101.5 8

10 81.1 3.7 131.7 56.8 112.4 5

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

51 100 20.6 25.3 –695 2.2 0.2 434

57 105 27.2 11.8 –578 6.4 1.2 990

63 125 42.8 15.1 –311 7.0 3.6 2,247

The Little Data Book  2016

147


Mozambique Sub-Saharan Africa Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Low income 27.2 799 16.4 30.3

Population growth (%) Population living below $1.90 a day (%) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)

2.8 68.7 600 1,120

2000

2010

2014

5.4 49 5.8 915 .. 48 171 49.6 71 16 0.7 85 8.9

5.2 53 5.6 619 12 54 103 43.1 82 56 0.9 85 11.2

.. 55 5.4 489 .. .. 79 .. 85 48 0.9 84 10.6

412

379 0.5 0.9 51 21 407 .. 436

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

0.9 41 14 393 0.07 122

390 0.6 .. 49 19 407 0.12 439

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

5.0 1.7 10.9 23 23 54 13 40 33 .. ..

10.2 6.7 7.6 30 19 52 30 46 24 17.9 –3.5

15.9 7.2 3.6 25 21 54 26 69 51 22.4 –2.6

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

168 .. 1.1 0.3 0.1 9.3 9

19 72.2 1.0 30.1 4.2 23.2 1

19 72.2 1.0 69.8 5.9 34.7 6

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ billions)

30 100 5.6 9.4 37.5 37 0.1 0.9

75 107 3.7 3.2 –50.0 116 1.3 1.9

85 95 7.8 3.7 –25.0 155 5.0 2.1

148

2016  The Little Data Book


Myanmar East Asia & Pacific Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Lower middle income 53.4 677 68.1 ..

Population growth (%) Population living below $1.90 a day (%) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

0.9 .. 1,270 ..

2000

2010

2014

.. 62 2.9 308 37 57 82 40.8 84 76 1.0 77 0.7

.. 65 2.4 205 46 71 59 35.1 88 84 1.0 79 0.8

.. 66 2.2 178 .. .. 50 .. 86 85 1.0 79 0.7

349 3.3 67 62 269 0.2 74

318 0.9 .. 78 77 270 0.2 122

290 1.8 3.3 81 80 313 .. 164

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

.. 13.7 2.5 57 10 33 0 1 12 5.3 –2.7

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

64.3 8.5 6.6 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. 2.3 0.0 0.0 31.2 ..

.. 52.2 .. 1.1 0.3 .. 0

13 55.6 3.7 54.0 2.1 28.3 ..

.. 100 5.9 0.4 –1,373 104 258 106

.. 110 8.2 0.0 –1,467 115 901 355

42 115 6.4 0.5 –474 3,103 1,398 1,380

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

The Little Data Book  2016

149


Namibia Sub-Saharan Africa Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Upper middle income 2.4 824 13.5 23.6

Population growth (%) Population living below $1.90 a day (%) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)

2.4 22.6 5,630 9,810

2000

2010

2014

3.0 55 4.0 352 44 76 76 29.5 69 91 1.0 57 16.0

3.3 62 3.6 319 55 81 54 29.6 75 81 1.0 61 14.3

.. 65 3.5 265 56 88 45 23.1 83 86 .. 60 16.0

80

69 1.0 4.7 91 34 742 .. 1,611

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

4.7 79 27 545 0.9 995

73 1.0 .. 87 32 708 1.4 1,532

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

3.9 3.5 12.3 12 28 60 41 45 17 30.1 –1.6

11.3 6.0 3.6 9 30 61 48 61 24 23.8 –7.3

13.0 6.4 7.7 7 32 61 40 66 34 .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

85 .. 2.4 4.3 1.6 42.7 2

66 52.2 3.5 89.5 11.6 51.7 1

66 47.8 4.2 113.8 14.8 54.6 3

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

73 100 .. .. –50.0 9.5 119 152

85 124 .. .. –50.0 15.1 756 256

93 123 .. .. –1.4 10.2 493 227

150

2016  The Little Data Book


Nepal South Asia Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Low income 28.2 147 20.6 68.0

Population growth (%) Population living below $1.90 a day (%) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)

1.2 15.0 730 2,410

2000

2010

2014

6.6 62 4.0 548 37 12 81 57.1 71 67 0.7 86 0.2

8.3 68 2.6 349 50 36 45 40.5 86 79 1.0 84 0.3

.. 70 2.2 258 50 56 36 .. 88 104 1.1 83 0.2

39

36 0.0 4.8 92 46 370 .. 128

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

4.8 77 22 342 0.1 59

36 0.7 4.8 87 38 380 0.2 103

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

5.5 6.2 4.5 41 22 37 23 32 24 10.6 ..

16.0 4.8 15.1 37 16 48 10 36 38 14.9 –1.4

19.8 5.4 8.7 34 16 51 12 41 37 17.4 1.5

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

31 .. 1.0 0.0 0.2 40.8 0

31 64.4 1.6 34.3 7.9 67.4 1

17 72.2 1.5 81.9 15.4 71.5 0

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

43 100 2.9 7.6 –923 0.1 –0.5 386

37 74 3.8 10.6 –1,024 3.5 87.7 818

43 77 4.0 8.2 –372 5.8 5.8 880

The Little Data Book  2016

151


Netherlands Europe & Central Asia Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

High income 16.9 42 874.6 824.1

Population growth (%) 0.4 Population living below $1.90 a day (%) .. GNI per capita, Atlas ($) 51,860 GNI per capita, PPP ($) 48,860

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

152

2016  The Little Data Book

2000

2010

2014

.. 78 1.7 14 67 100 6 .. 96 98 1.0 63 ..

8.3 81 1.8 8 69 .. 4 .. 96 .. 1.0 65 ..

8.9 81 1.7 7 .. .. 4 .. 96 .. 1.0 64 ..

3.6 81.1 100 98 4,598 10.4 6,560

3.7 –0.4 104.2 100 98 5,021 10.9 7,010

3.8 –0.2 97.0 100 98 4,289 .. 6,821

413 4.2 3.6 2 25 73 66 60 23 38.7 0.5

836 1.4 0.8 2 22 76 72 64 20 25.8 –3.7

879 1.0 0.8 2 21 77 83 71 18 25.0 –0.8

9 .. 1.4 67.8 44.0 138.5 36

8 .. 1.3 115.4 90.7 218.3 21

4 .. 1.1 116.4 93.2 230.5 20

109 100 .. .. 145 1.2 63 ..

130 92 .. .. 56 1.7 116 ..

143 92 .. .. 110 1.5 48 ..


New Caledonia East Asia & Pacific Population (thousands) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ millions)

High income 266 19 .. ..

Population growth (%) Population living below $1.90 a day (%) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)

1.5 .. .. ..

2000

2010

2014

.. 75 2.6 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 60 ..

.. 77 2.2 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 57 ..

.. 78 2.2 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 57 ..

8.4

8.4 0.0 .. 99 100 .. .. ..

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

.. 94 100 .. 10.8 ..

8.4 0.0 .. 98 100 .. 15.7 ..

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

2.7 2.1 –0.6 .. .. .. 13 33 .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. .. 23.8 13.9 .. 1

.. .. .. 89.6 42.0 .. 1

.. .. .. 93.6 70.0 .. 13

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

57 100 .. .. 4.8 333 0.0 315

.. 236 .. .. 4.2 492 1.4 ..

.. 182 .. .. 5.7 479 2.3 ..

The Little Data Book  2016

153


New Zealand East Asia & Pacific Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

High income 4.5 268 185.2 163.3

Population growth (%) 1.5 Population living below $1.90 a day (%) .. GNI per capita, Atlas ($) 41,070 GNI per capita, PPP ($) 36,200

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

154

2016  The Little Data Book

2000

2010

2014

.. 79 2.0 12 .. 97 7 .. 85 .. 1.0 65 ..

.. 81 2.2 13 .. .. 6 .. 91 .. 1.0 68 ..

.. 81 1.9 11 .. .. 6 .. 93 .. 1.0 68 ..

101 1.0 100 .. 4,430 8.5 9,384

102 0.0 1.5 100 .. 4,225 7.3 9,602

102 0.0 1.6 100 .. 4,455 .. 9,084

52.6 2.8 3.0 8 25 66 36 33 22 33.1 1.6

145.3 1.4 3.1 7 24 69 31 28 20 34.7 –2.1

200.0 3.0 2.1 .. .. .. 29 27 24 33.0 –0.6

12 .. 1.6 40.0 47.4 108.0 10

1 .. 1.3 107.8 80.5 152.0 9

1 .. 1.2 112.1 85.5 .. 9

52 100 .. .. 135 236 3.8 ..

43 123 .. .. 62 371 1.4 ..

42 139 .. .. 7 462 4.5 ..


Nicaragua Latin America & Caribbean Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

6.0 130 11.3 28.8

Lower middle income Population growth (%) Population living below $1.90 a day (%) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)

1.1 10.8 1,870 4,790

2000

2010

2014

5.6 70 3.1 202 69 67 40 25.2 86 66 1.1 60 0.4

4.6 74 2.4 166 72 74 26 23.0 99 85 1.0 63 0.3

.. 75 2.3 150 80 88 22 .. 99 .. .. 64 0.3

38

31 0.0 1.0 87 68 594 .. 598

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

0.9 79 54 501 0.7 348

31 2.0 .. 85 65 515 0.8 514

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

5.1 4.1 8.6 20 23 57 20 41 27 11.6 –2.8

8.7 3.2 6.1 19 24 57 38 58 25 14.8 –0.7

11.8 4.7 9.1 21 26 54 42 59 27 16.5 0.5

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

47 .. 0.6 1.8 1.0 72.2 5

39 75.6 0.5 68.1 10.0 50.4 5

13 70.0 0.7 114.6 17.6 47.2 0

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

48 100 6.8 25.6 –174 320 267 560

92 92 7.0 17.3 –155 825 490 662

102 88 10.2 14.8 –135 1,140 884 430

The Little Data Book  2016

155


Niger Sub-Saharan Africa Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Low income 19.1 1,267 7.8 17.4

Population growth (%) Population living below $1.90 a day (%) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)

4.0 50.3 410 910

2000

2010

2014

.. 51 7.7 794 14 16 227 54.2 37 19 0.6 63 1.2

8.9 58 7.7 657 18 18 124 54.8 67 40 0.8 65 0.7

.. 61 7.6 553 14 29 96 43.0 72 59 0.8 65 0.5

13

11 1.1 28.1 58 11 152 .. 49

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

.. 44 7 131 0.07 33

12 1.0 28.1 54 10 137 0.08 45

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

1.8 –1.4 4.5 38 18 44 18 26 11 .. ..

5.7 8.4 2.6 41 16 43 22 49 40 .. ..

8.2 6.9 –0.5 37 20 44 18 37 40 .. ..

35 .. 1.1 0.0 0.0 9.2 6

17 67.8 1.2 23.1 0.8 12.4 7

15 71.1 1.0 44.4 2.0 12.3 57

38 100 1.7 8.0 –28.5 14 8 209

63 155 1.5 1.8 –28.5 134 796 739

46 158 2.6 2.5 –28.5 157 769 918

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

156

2016  The Little Data Book


Nigeria Sub-Saharan Africa Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Lower middle income 177.5 924 526.5 1,013.7

Population growth (%) Population living below $1.90 a day (%) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)

2.7 53.5 2,970 5,710

2000

2010

2014

5.7 47 6.1 1,170 15 42 187 39.7 33 .. 0.8 56 3.5

5.4 51 5.8 867 18 49 130 36.0 56 76 0.9 56 3.5

.. 53 5.7 814 15 38 109 32.9 51 .. .. 56 3.2

131

70 5.0 5.9 69 29 773 .. 142

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

4.7 52 34 700 0.6 74

90 3.7 5.9 63 31 753 0.5 136

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

46 5.3 35.2 26 52 22 52 20 7 12.0 –2.2

369 7.8 103.8 24 25 51 25 17 17 5.6 –2.0

569 6.3 4.7 20 24 56 18 13 16 5.0 –1.3

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. 0.8 0.0 0.1 10.0 1

.. 68.9 0.5 54.7 24.0 18.8 1

31 71.1 0.4 77.8 42.7 21.8 2

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ billions)

64 100 32.4 8.8 –170 1.4 1.1 0.2

35 184 15.4 1.0 –300 19.7 6.0 2.1

28 211 26.9 0.8 –300 20.8 4.7 2.5

The Little Data Book  2016

157


Northern Mariana Islands East Asia & Pacific Population (thousands) Surface area (sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ millions) GNI, PPP ($ millions)

High income 55 460 .. ..

Population growth (%) Population living below $1.90 a day (%) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

1.2 .. .. ..

2000

2010

2014

.. .. .. .. .. 100 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

320 .. 96 74 .. .. ..

300 0.5 .. 97 79 .. .. ..

290 0.5 .. 98 80 .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. .. 4.4 .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

.. 100 .. .. .. .. 1.5 0.1

.. 87 .. .. .. .. 14.8 ..

.. 82 .. .. .. .. 3.2 ..

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

158

2016  The Little Data Book


Norway Europe & Central Asia Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

High income 5.1 385 532.3 344.7

Population growth (%) 1.1 Population living below $1.90 a day (%) .. 103,620 GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 67,100

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

2000

2010

2014

.. 79 1.9 7 87 .. 5 .. 88 98 1.0 66 0.1

9.4 81 2.0 6 .. .. 3 .. 93 100 1.0 66 0.1

9.3 82 1.8 5 .. .. 3 .. 94 101 1.0 65 0.2

121 0.6 100 98 5,826 8.6 24,994

121 121 0.0 0.0 0.8 0.8 100 100 98 98 6,939 5,854 11.6 .. 24,891 23,326

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

171 3.2 15.4 2 41 57 46 29 22 47.5 14.6

429 0.6 6.0 2 39 59 40 29 25 46.9 12.0

500 2.2 0.4 2 38 60 38 30 28 46.4 11.6

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

18 .. 1.7 71.8 52.0 67.0 17

6 .. 1.5 114.5 93.4 85.6 16

4 .. 1.4 116.1 96.3 .. 21

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

55 100 .. .. 67 270 7.0 ..

49 139 .. .. 174 680 20.4 ..

47 157 .. .. 236 761 10.6 ..

The Little Data Book  2016

159


Oman Middle East & North Africa Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

4.2 310 65.9 131.6

High income Population growth (%) 8.1 Population living below $1.90 a day (%) .. GNI per capita, Atlas ($) 16,870 GNI per capita, PPP ($) 33,690 2000

2010

2014

.. 72 3.7 20 32 95 17 12.9 99 83 1.0 55 0.1

.. 76 2.9 18 24 99 12 9.8 99 102 1.0 60 0.1

.. 77 2.8 17 30 99 12 .. 99 109 1.0 66 0.2

20 97.1 84 89 3,441 9.8 3,243

20 0.0 94.4 92 97 6,797 19.1 5,704

20 0.0 94.4 93 97 6,232 .. 5,981

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

19.5 5.4 17.8 2 59 39 54 26 15 30.0 –5.3

58.6 4.8 15.6 1 64 35 57 33 25 34.9 –0.4

81.8 2.9 1.7 1 65 33 69 47 22 45.8 –0.4

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

35 .. 10.8 7.4 3.5 37.6 3

11 .. 8.3 164.3 35.8 37.2 1

7 .. 11.8 157.8 70.2 41.2 4

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

84 100 .. .. 40 39.0 82 79.7

96 191 .. .. 186 39.0 1,243 –21.6

102 239 .. .. 1,211 39.0 739 ..

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

160

2016  The Little Data Book


Pakistan South Asia Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Lower middle income 185.0 796 258.3 941.1

Population growth (%) Population living below $1.90 a day (%) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

2.1 8.3 1,400 5,090

2000

2010

2014

9.4 63 4.6 306 28 23 112 41.5 59 .. .. 51 0.1

9.6 65 3.9 211 27 43 92 43.0 69 69 0.8 54 0.1

.. 66 3.6 178 35 52 81 45.0 63 74 0.8 55 0.1

21 313.8 89 37 463 0.8 373

17 2.2 .. 91 55 496 1.0 467

15 2.7 333.6 91 64 475 .. 450

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

74 4.3 24.9 26 23 51 13 15 17 13.9 –4.1

177 1.6 10.9 24 21 55 14 19 16 13.8 –5.0

244 4.7 6.9 25 21 54 12 19 15 14.5 –5.2

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. 4.2 0.2 1.3 41.6 0

.. 76.7 3.4 57.3 8.0 46.2 2

19 75.6 3.4 73.3 13.8 47.5 1

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ billions)

27 100 33.0 28.1 –896 1.1 0.3 0.7

33 65 64.0 14.9 –1,296 9.7 2.0 3.0

30 59 62.2 19.1 –1,082 17.1 1.8 3.6

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

The Little Data Book  2016

161


Palau East Asia & Pacific Population (thousands) Surface area (sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ millions) GNI, PPP ($ millions)

Upper middle income 21 460 234.3 301.2

Population growth (%) 0.8 Population living below $1.90 a day (%) .. GNI per capita, Atlas ($) 11,110 GNI per capita, PPP ($) 14,280 2000

2010

2014

.. 70 .. .. 17 100 27 .. 83 .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. 22 100 19 .. 39 .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. 16 .. 83 96 1.0 .. ..

400 .. 92 81 .. 6.1 ..

400 –0.2 .. 95 100 .. 10.6 ..

400 0.0 .. .. 100 .. .. ..

Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

150 –5.5 39.9 5 18 78 44 104 .. .. ..

184 1.8 –3.1 5 11 85 52 75 .. .. ..

251 8.0 1.6 4 9 87 63 88 .. .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

33 .. .. 12.6 20.2 .. ..

28 34.4 .. 70.9 .. .. ..

28 42.2 .. 90.6 .. .. 20

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

90 100 .. .. .. .. 14.9 39.1

61 92 .. .. .. 1.7 2.7 28.4

74 88 .. .. .. 2.2 39.9 23.4

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

162

2016  The Little Data Book


Panama Latin America & Caribbean Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

3.9 75 43.1 77.1

Upper middle income Population growth (%) 1.6 Population living below $1.90 a day (%) 2.9 GNI per capita, Atlas ($) 11,130 GNI per capita, PPP ($) 19,930 2000

2010

2014

1.7 75 2.7 82 .. 93 26 22.2 97 92 1.0 63 1.1

3.3 77 2.5 101 52 94 20 19.1 97 94 1.0 66 0.7

3.4 78 2.4 94 63 91 17 .. 90 102 1.0 66 0.6

49 .. 90 67 848 1.9 1,267

47 0.4 .. 93 72 1,025 2.4 1,760

46 0.4 0.8 95 75 1,057 .. 2,038

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

11.6 2.7 –1.2 7 19 74 73 70 24 23.1 –0.8

28.8 5.9 5.0 4 21 75 71 69 24 .. ..

46.2 6.2 2.1 3 22 74 80 75 27 .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

18 .. 1.0 13.4 6.6 94.3 1

9 78.9 .. 180.7 40.1 81.5 1

6 78.9 .. 158.1 44.9 83.7 0

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

36 100 6.6 9.4 16.1 16 0.6 15

96 80 11.4 4.8 22.2 410 2.5 126

74 80 19.3 4.6 28.1 760 5.2 –196

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

The Little Data Book  2016

163


Papua New Guinea East Asia & Pacific Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Lower middle income 7.5 463 16.7 20.8

Population growth (%) Population living below $1.90 a day (%) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

2.1 39.3 2,240 2,790

2000

2010

2014

.. 59 4.5 342 .. 41 79 .. 62 55 0.8 72 0.8

4.7 62 4.0 238 32 53 66 49.5 55 .. .. 72 0.8

.. 63 3.8 215 .. .. 57 .. 65 79 0.9 72 0.7

336 0.0 35 19 .. 0.5 ..

336 0.0 0.0 39 19 .. 0.7 ..

336 0.0 0.0 40 19 .. .. ..

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

3.5 –2.5 13.1 36 41 23 66 49 22 24.2 –1.9

9.7 7.7 9.9 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

16.9 8.5 11.0 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

52 .. 1.0 0.2 0.8 28.2 19

52 41.1 0.5 27.8 1.3 34.8 14

53 45.6 0.6 44.9 9.4 51.0 3

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

92 100 2.3 12.9 0.0 7.2 95.9 275

100 190 6.0 13.3 0.0 3.5 28.7 511

57 189 20.9 13.0 0.0 10.4 –30.4 577

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

164

2016  The Little Data Book


Paraguay Latin America & Caribbean Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

6.6 407 28.8 55.5

Upper middle income Population growth (%) 1.3 Population living below $1.90 a day (%) 2.2 GNI per capita, Atlas ($) 4,400 GNI per capita, PPP ($) 8,470

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)

2000

2010

2014

3.0 70 3.6 158 62 61 34 .. 92 92 1.0 69 0.1

3.6 72 2.7 139 79 96 24 .. 94 92 1.0 70 0.3

4.3 73 2.5 132 .. .. 21 10.9 90 89 1.0 70 0.4

194

153 2.0 2.1 98 89 764 .. 1,473

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

0.4 73 69 726 0.7 887

170 1.3 .. 90 83 774 0.8 1,179

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

8.2 –2.3 11.7 16 36 49 47 38 16 .. ..

20.0 13.1 6.1 23 30 47 55 51 16 19.9 1.9

30.9 4.7 5.1 21 29 51 47 43 16 22.6 –1.0

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

72 .. 1.4 15.3 0.7 27.0 3

35 70.0 1.1 91.7 19.8 29.7 7

35 72.2 1.5 105.6 43.0 40.8 6

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

37 100 3.1 11.2 –47 278 104 82

83 99 12.7 4.1 –117 410 344 120

71 103 14.1 19.5 –87 507 523 60

The Little Data Book  2016

165


Peru Latin America & Caribbean Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

31.0 1,285 196.9 354.2

Upper middle income Population growth (%) 1.3 Population living below $1.90 a day (%) 3.7 GNI per capita, Atlas ($) 6,360 GNI per capita, PPP ($) 11,440

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)

2000

2010

2014

3.4 71 2.9 140 69 59 39 31.3 97 101 1.0 70 0.6

4.2 74 2.5 92 74 84 21 23.3 94 103 1.0 76 0.4

4.4 75 2.5 68 75 90 17 18.4 89 96 1.0 76 0.4

761

740 0.2 0.8 87 76 708 .. 1,270

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

.. 80 63 472 1.2 680

748 0.2 .. 85 72 654 2.0 1,094

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

51 2.7 3.8 9 32 59 17 19 18 18.2 –2.1

149 8.5 6.0 7 38 54 27 23 25 20.1 0.5

203 2.4 3.0 7 37 56 22 24 26 21.5 2.0

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

98 .. 1.8 4.9 3.1 27.2 4

27 81.1 1.3 99.5 34.8 18.7 7

26 93.3 1.4 103.6 40.2 24.8 4

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

28 100 28.8 27.9 –635 0.7 0.8 397

44 214 42.2 16.7 –490 2.5 8.5 –300

40 206 66.5 10.9 –240 2.6 7.9 325

166

2016  The Little Data Book


Philippines East Asia & Pacific Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Lower middle income 99.1 300 347.5 837.6

Population growth (%) 1.6 Population living below $1.90 a day (%) 13.1 GNI per capita, Atlas ($) 3,500 GNI per capita, PPP ($) 8,450

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)

2000

2010

2014

5.4 67 3.8 124 47 58 40 33.8 78 100 1.0 65 0.1

6.0 68 3.1 129 49 72 32 33.6 80 92 1.0 65 0.1

5.9 68 3.0 114 55 73 28 .. 88 101 1.0 65 0.1

70

80 –3.3 17.0 92 74 457 .. 692

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

.. 87 64 513 0.9 500

68 0.3 16.5 90 71 434 0.9 644

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

81 4.4 5.7 14 34 52 51 53 18 14.2 –3.7

200 7.6 4.2 12 33 55 35 37 21 13.4 –3.5

285 6.1 3.2 11 31 57 29 32 21 14.5 –1.9

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

49 .. 1.6 8.3 2.0 58.3 73

37 88.9 1.2 89.0 25.0 49.2 55

29 82.2 1.2 111.2 39.7 55.8 49

95 100 58.5 16.0 –1,097 7.0 2.2 572

55 69 65.3 18.7 –1,829 21.6 1.1 530

46 65 77.7 7.2 –700 28.4 6.2 676

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

The Little Data Book  2016

167


Poland Europe & Central Asia Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

High income 38.0 313 520.1 928.4

Population growth (%) –0.1 Population living below $1.90 a day (%) <2 GNI per capita, Atlas ($) 13,680 GNI per capita, PPP ($) 24,430 2000

2010

2014

7.9 74 1.4 8 .. 100 9 .. 97 94 1.0 56 0.1

7.9 76 1.4 4 .. .. 6 .. 98 95 1.0 56 0.1

8.0 77 1.3 3 .. .. 5 .. 98 98 1.0 57 0.1

91 21.9 96 87 2,320 7.8 3,256

93 –0.3 22.4 98 94 2,640 8.3 3,797

94 –0.2 21.4 98 97 2,496 .. 3,938

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

172 4.3 7.4 3 33 64 27 34 25 28.6 –3.0

479 3.7 2.3 3 33 64 40 42 21 19.5 –6.2

545 3.3 0.4 3 33 64 47 46 20 18.6 –3.5

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

56 .. 1.8 17.6 7.3 34.3 3

32 85.6 1.8 122.9 62.3 63.2 7

30 85.6 1.9 148.9 66.6 71.0 9

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

47 100 .. .. 38.1 1.5 9.3 ..

70 102 .. .. 5.2 7.7 18.4 ..

80 99 .. .. –73.8 7.4 17.3 ..

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

168

2016  The Little Data Book


Portugal Europe & Central Asia Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

High income 10.4 92 222.1 295.1

Population growth (%) –0.5 Population living below $1.90 a day (%) .. GNI per capita, Atlas ($) 21,360 GNI per capita, PPP ($) 28,370 2000

2010

2014

.. 76 1.6 13 .. 100 7 .. 87 .. 1.0 61 ..

7.0 79 1.4 11 67 .. 4 .. 96 .. 1.0 62 ..

6.5 81 1.2 10 .. .. 4 .. 98 .. 1.0 60 ..

33 29.3 98 96 2,390 6.1 3,989

32 0.3 24.1 100 99 2,223 4.7 4,959

32 0.4 24.1 100 100 2,028 .. 4,685

118 3.8 3.5 4 28 69 28 39 29 35.1 –4.2

238 1.9 0.6 2 23 75 30 37 21 26.6 –10.7

230 0.9 1.0 2 22 76 40 40 15 30.8 –5.4

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

78 .. 1.9 64.7 16.4 135.6 6

5 .. 2.0 115.3 53.3 205.9 4

3 .. 1.8 112.1 64.6 173.3 4

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

54 100 .. .. 178 3,495 6.7 ..

53 93 .. .. 127 517 8.5 ..

62 94 .. .. –140 424 12.4 ..

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

The Little Data Book  2016

169


Puerto Rico Latin America & Caribbean Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

3.5 8.9 69.4 86.2

High income Population growth (%) –1.3 Population living below $1.90 a day (%) .. GNI per capita, Atlas ($) 19,310 GNI per capita, PPP ($) 23,960

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)

2000

2010

2014

.. 77 2.0 22 84 .. .. .. .. .. .. 47 ..

.. 78 1.6 16 .. .. .. .. .. .. 1.0 44 ..

.. 79 1.5 14 .. .. .. .. .. .. 1.0 43 ..

4.5

5.0 –0.7 14.0 .. 99 .. .. ..

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

12.1 94 99 .. .. ..

4.8 –0.6 14.0 .. 99 .. .. ..

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

61.7 1.5 5.1 1 82 17 72 62 20 .. ..

98.4 –2.6 4.8 1 97 2 76 53 9 .. ..

103.1 –0.6 2.6 1 95 4 76 55 10 .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

7 .. .. 34.7 10.5 .. ..

7 .. .. 79.1 45.3 .. ..

6 .. .. 87.1 78.8 .. ..

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

.. .. .. .. –146 .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. –138 .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. –104 .. .. ..

170

2016  The Little Data Book


Qatar Middle East & North Africa Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

2.2 12 200.3 292.0

High income Population growth (%) 3.3 Population living below $1.90 a day (%) .. GNI per capita, Atlas ($) 92,200 GNI per capita, PPP ($) 134,420

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

2000

2010

2014

.. 76 3.2 24 43 100 12 .. 91 92 1.1 76 ..

.. 78 2.1 16 .. 100 9 .. 99 94 1.0 86 ..

.. 79 2.0 13 38 100 8 .. 99 .. .. 87 ..

0.0 524.8 99 99 18,401 58.5 14,325

0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 792.9 792.9 100 100 98 98 15,657 19,120 42.6 .. 14,940 15,471

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

18 3.9 –5.0 0 71 29 67 22 20 .. ..

125 19.6 7.0 0 68 32 62 24 31 34.2 2.9

210 4.0 0.1 0 68 32 69 30 32 .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. 3.9 20.4 4.9 40.1 0

10 .. 1.5 125.0 69.0 71.6 0

9 .. .. 145.8 91.5 80.4 0

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

84 100 .. .. 185 .. 0.3 ..

78 179 .. .. 855 574 4.7 ..

79 214 .. .. 364 499 1.0 ..

The Little Data Book  2016

171


Romania Europe & Central Asia Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Upper middle income 19.9 238 189.5 397.1

Population growth (%) –0.4 Population living below $1.90 a day (%) <2 GNI per capita, Atlas ($) 9,520 GNI per capita, PPP ($) 19,950 2000

2010

2014

8.5 71 1.3 51 64 99 27 12.8 98 96 1.0 65 ..

8.7 73 1.6 30 .. 99 14 .. 95 94 1.0 56 ..

8.9 75 1.4 31 .. .. 11 .. 89 94 1.0 57 ..

64 21.8 85 74 1,614 4.0 1,988

65 –0.2 19.9 97 78 1,730 3.9 2,551

69 –1.0 16.2 100 79 1,592 .. 2,495

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

37.4 2.4 43.1 12 28 60 33 38 20 32.0 –5.7

168.0 –0.8 5.4 6 31 62 32 38 27 23.4 –5.9

199.0 2.8 1.7 5 27 67 41 41 23 22.0 –2.8

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

29 .. 2.5 11.2 3.6 13.8 6

9 95.6 1.2 111.4 39.9 47.6 11

8 82.2 1.3 105.9 54.1 38.0 6

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

63 100 11 20.1 –490 0.1 1.0 ..

66 108 115 33.2 –874 3.9 3.2 ..

74 107 111 28.9 –437 3.4 3.9 ..

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

172

2016  The Little Data Book


Russian Federation Europe & Central Asia Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

143.8 17,098 1,930.6 3,237.4

High income Population growth (%) 0.2 Population living below $1.90 a day (%) <2 GNI per capita, Atlas ($) 13,220 GNI per capita, PPP ($) 22,160 2000

2010

2014

6.4 65 1.2 57 .. 99 23 .. 97 90 1.0 61 ..

5.8 69 1.6 29 68 100 12 .. 98 97 1.0 63 ..

5.9 70 1.7 25 .. .. 10 .. 98 101 1.0 64 ..

8,093 1.5 95 73 4,224 10.6 5,198

8,151 –0.1 .. 96 72 4,828 12.2 6,410

8,149 0.0 1.5 97 72 5,093 .. 6,539

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

260 10.0 37.7 6 38 56 44 24 19 24.6 2.5

1,525 4.5 14.2 4 35 61 29 21 23 20.0 –2.4

1,861 0.6 7.2 4 36 60 30 23 20 21.5 0.7

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. 3.6 2.2 2.0 24.9 16

.. .. 3.9 165.5 43.0 37.7 9

11 .. 4.5 155.1 70.5 52.4 11

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

58 100 .. .. 1,735 1.3 2.7 ..

43 160 .. .. 2,157 5.3 43.2 ..

43 182 .. .. 1,118 7.8 22.9 ..

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

The Little Data Book  2016

173


Rwanda Sub-Saharan Africa Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Low income 11.3 26 7.9 18.5

Population growth (%) Population living below $1.90 a day (%) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

2.4 60.3 700 1,630

2000

2010

2014

5.2 48 5.6 1,020 13 31 184 48.3 74 23 0.9 86 5.3

5.1 61 4.4 381 52 69 64 44.3 95 70 1.0 86 3.1

.. 64 3.9 290 .. .. 42 .. 98 67 1.0 86 2.8

3.4 1.6 66 47 .. 0.07 ..

4.5 –2.6 .. 73 57 .. 0.06 ..

4.8 –1.5 1.6 76 62 .. .. ..

1.7 8.3 2.8 37 14 49 6 25 13 .. ..

5.7 7.3 2.6 33 13 55 12 28 23 14.3 –1.1

7.9 7.0 3.6 33 14 53 15 31 26 15.1 –3.0

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

18 .. 3.5 0.5 0.1 13.1 2

7 67.8 1.3 32.7 8.0 .. 5

6 73.3 1.1 64.0 10.6 .. 12

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ billions)

15 100 1.3 25.7 –72.6 7 8 0.3

30 221 0.9 2.3 –75.0 106 42 1.0

40 181 2.0 4.5 –75.0 128 292 1.0

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

174

2016  The Little Data Book


Samoa East Asia & Pacific Population (thousands) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ millions) GNI, PPP ($ millions)

Lower middle income 192 2.8 778.3 1,075.9

Population growth (%) Population living below $1.90 a day (%) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)

0.8 <2 4,060 5,610

2000

2010

2014

.. 69 4.5 93 25 100 22 6.4 93 94 1.1 54 ..

6.3 72 4.3 64 29 81 19 .. 61 106 1.1 43 ..

.. 74 4.1 51 27 83 18 .. 91 100 1.1 42 ..

1.7

1.7 0.0 .. 99 92 .. .. ..

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

.. 93 92 .. 0.8 ..

1.7 0.0 .. 98 92 318 1.1 ..

Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

269 6.9 2.9 .. .. .. 30 51 .. .. ..

657 0.5 1.5 .. .. .. 29 53 .. 0.0 0.0

800 1.2 0.3 .. .. .. 28 52 .. 0.0 0.0

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

42 .. .. 1.4 0.6 18.3 1

9 48.9 .. 48.4 7.0 63.9 0

9 53.3 .. 55.5 21.2 77.4 2

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

64 100 139 5.7 –15.7 45 –1.5 27

58 88 325 5.3 –15.4 139 –1.3 148

58 84 450 7.9 –12.7 141 22.8 93

The Little Data Book  2016

175


San Marino Europe & Central Asia Population (thousands) Surface area (sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ millions)

High income 32 60 .. ..

Population growth (%) Population living below $1.90 a day (%) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

0.6 .. .. ..

2000

2010

2014

.. 81 .. .. .. .. 6 .. 74 .. .. .. ..

.. 83 .. .. .. .. 4 .. 68 101 1.1 .. ..

.. .. 1.3 .. .. .. 3 .. 57 95 1.0 .. ..

0.0 .. .. .. .. .. ..

0.0 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

0.0 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

774 2.2 2.6 .. .. .. .. .. .. 46.4 –0.1

1,900 1.9 3.2 .. .. .. .. .. .. 45.6 6.9

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. .. 53.8 48.8 .. ..

.. .. .. 99.1 49.6 .. ..

17 .. .. 118.8 .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

176

2016  The Little Data Book


São Tomé and Príncipe Sub-Saharan Africa Population (thousands) Surface area (sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ millions) GNI, PPP ($ millions)

Lower middle income 186 960 311.8 586.0

Population growth (%) Population living below $1.90 a day (%) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

2.1 33.9 1,670 3,140

2000

2010

2014

7.9 63 5.3 222 29 79 89 35.2 69 48 1.0 55 1.7

8.4 66 4.8 162 38 82 56 31.6 92 84 1.0 60 1.1

.. 66 4.6 156 41 93 47 .. 92 90 1.0 61 0.8

560 .. 78 21 .. 0.3 ..

540 0.4 .. 95 33 275 0.6 ..

540 0.0 0.3 97 35 .. .. ..

72 3.2 11.9 21 20 60 .. .. .. 16.1 –8.4

195 4.5 10.7 23 14 63 .. .. .. 19.6 –10.8

337 4.5 5.8 23 10 67 .. .. .. 15.2 –12.1

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. .. 0.0 4.6 2.6 1

144 61.1 .. 57.6 18.8 40.6 14

5 65.6 .. 64.9 24.4 26.2 1

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

43 100 304 25.4 –5.6 0.5 3.8 34.9

63 133 181 6.0 –5.6 6.4 50.6 49.3

55 134 212 13.7 –5.6 26.8 27.1 38.6

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

The Little Data Book  2016

177


Saudi Arabia Middle East & North Africa Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

30.9 2,150 759.3 1,549.8

High income Population growth (%) 2.2 Population living below $1.90 a day (%) .. GNI per capita, Atlas ($) 25,140 GNI per capita, PPP ($) 51,320 2000

2010

2014

.. 73 4.0 23 21 .. 23 .. 94 .. .. 49 ..

.. 74 3.0 14 24 97 17 .. 98 93 0.9 52 ..

.. 74 2.8 12 .. .. 15 .. 98 111 0.9 55 ..

9.8 .. 95 97 4,574 13.9 5,472

9.8 0.0 986.3 97 100 6,603 19.0 7,785

9.8 0.0 986.3 97 100 6,363 .. 8,741

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

188 4.9 11.6 5 54 41 44 25 19 .. ..

527 4.8 17.2 2 59 39 50 33 31 .. ..

754 3.6 –2.3 2 56 41 47 34 29 .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

77 .. 10.6 6.8 2.2 34.7 0

23 .. 8.6 189.2 41.0 –0.1 1

19 .. 10.7 179.6 63.7 1.8 1

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

57 100 .. .. 945 .. –1.9 22

68 170 .. .. 815 236 29.2 –131

69 205 .. .. 850 269 8.0 ..

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

178

2016  The Little Data Book


Senegal Sub-Saharan Africa Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Lower middle income 14.7 197 15.4 33.8

Population growth (%) 3.1 Population living below $1.90 a day (%) 38.0 GNI per capita, Atlas ($) 1,050 GNI per capita, PPP ($) 2,300

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)

2000

2010

2014

6.6 58 5.6 488 11 58 135 29.5 48 39 0.8 76 0.7

6.1 64 5.2 375 13 65 65 28.7 81 56 1.0 76 0.7

.. 66 5.1 315 22 59 47 19.4 80 59 .. 77 0.5

89

83 0.5 8.6 79 48 261 .. 219

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

8.6 67 40 243 0.4 102

85 0.5 .. 75 45 296 0.6 199

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

4.7 3.2 1.9 19 23 58 28 37 20 16.9 –0.9

12.9 4.2 1.6 18 23 59 25 40 22 19.3 –5.2

15.7 4.7 0.1 16 24 61 27 46 26 20.2 –5.3

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

57 .. 1.3 2.5 0.4 23.5 7

9 73.3 1.5 64.4 8.0 28.8 1

6 75.6 1.5 98.8 17.7 34.1 4

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

52 100 3.7 16.3 –151 0.2 63 431

54 99 3.9 8.9 –166 1.5 266 937

60 109 5.7 8.9 –100 1.6 343 1,107

The Little Data Book  2016

179


Serbia Europe & Central Asia Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Upper middle income 7.1 88 41.5 93.0

Population growth (%) –0.5 Population living below $1.90 a day (%) <2 GNI per capita, Atlas ($) 5,820 GNI per capita, PPP ($) 13,040 2000

2010

2014

8.0 72 1.5 17 59 98 13 .. 89 .. 1.0 55 ..

8.4 74 1.4 16 61 100 8 6.6 95 96 1.0 52 ..

.. 76 1.4 17 58 98 7 6.0 86 102 1.0 53 ..

25 .. 99 97 1,826 .. 4,199

27 –1.0 47.0 99 97 2,141 6.3 4,359

27 –0.1 49.0 99 96 2,078 .. 4,444

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

6.5 7.8 78.6 20 33 47 10 14 11 .. ..

39.5 0.6 5.9 10 28 61 33 48 18 36.5 –3.8

43.9 –1.8 1.9 10 30 61 44 54 16 34.9 –6.1

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

56 .. 5.2 .. .. 58.3 3

13 75.6 2.2 125.3 40.9 56.2 4

12 90.0 2.2 122.1 53.5 52.8 ..

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

.. .. e 11.6 .. –276 .. 0.1 e e 1,134

67 106 32.9 32.7 –38 4.1 1.7 660

81 103 33.1 41.4 –100 3.7 2.0 371

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

180

2016  The Little Data Book


Seychelles Sub-Saharan Africa Population (thousands) Surface area (sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

High income 91 455 1.3 2.3

Population growth (%) 1.7 Population living below $1.90 a day (%) <2 GNI per capita, Atlas ($) 14,120 GNI per capita, PPP ($) 24,810 2000

2010

2014

5.7 73 2.1 .. .. .. 14 .. 97 99 1.1 .. ..

.. 73 2.1 .. .. .. 14 .. 99 .. 1.0 .. ..

.. 73 2.3 .. .. .. 14 7.9 99 112 1.0 .. ..

410 .. 96 98 .. 6.9 ..

410 0.0 .. 96 98 2,411 7.7 ..

410 0.0 .. 96 98 .. .. ..

Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

615 1.5 4.0 3 29 68 75 82 25 38.7 –13.9

970 5.9 –4.2 2 14 67 94 108 37 35.1 1.4

1,423 3.3 3.1 2 12 71 83 98 37 34.1 4.8

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. 1.7 32.5 7.4 110.1 2

33 58.9 0.7 128.9 41.0 49.6 3

32 65.6 1.1 162.2 54.3 33.1 ..

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

87 100 .. 4.2 2.5 3.2 24 23.1

143 86 .. 5.7 –1.1 17.4 160 56.0

118 88 .. 5.7 –1.6 15.1 108 9.7

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

The Little Data Book  2016

181


Sierra Leone Sub-Saharan Africa Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Low income 6.3 72 4.4 11.2

Population growth (%) Population living below $1.90 a day (%) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)

2.2 52.3 700 1,770

2000

2010

2014

6.6 39 6.3 2,650 4 42 236 38.4 37 .. 0.7 64 1.0

7.9 48 5.2 1,630 11 63 160 44.9 81 75 0.9 67 1.6

.. 51 4.6 1,360 17 60 120 37.9 78 70 1.0 67 1.4

29

30 –2.2 0.1 63 13 .. .. ..

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

0.1 47 11 .. 0.1 ..

27 0.7 0.1 57 13 .. 0.1 ..

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

0.6 6.7 3.3 58 28 13 18 39 1 .. ..

2.6 5.3 17.2 56 8 36 17 34 31 .. ..

4.8 4.6 –0.2 56 16 28 .. .. .. .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

26 .. 3.7 0.3 0.1 54.4 28

12 52.2 1.0 34.8 0.6 17.3 ..

10 63.3 0.8 76.7 2.1 14.8 0

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

25 100 1.2 76.4 500 7.1 39 181

43 71 0.9 2.7 60 44.2 238 458

70 56 1.2 2.3 –21 62.4 690 911

182

2016  The Little Data Book


Singapore East Asia & Pacific Population (millions) Surface area (sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

High income 5.5 717 301.6 439.0

Population growth (%) 1.3 Population living below $1.90 a day (%) .. GNI per capita, Atlas ($) 55,150 GNI per capita, PPP ($) 80,270 2000

2010

2014

.. 78 1.4 18 .. 100 4 4.4 96 .. .. 65 ..

.. 82 1.2 11 .. .. 3 .. 95 .. .. 67 ..

.. 83 1.3 10 .. .. 3 .. 95 .. .. 68 ..

160 .. 100 100 4,635 12.2 7,575

160 0.0 .. 100 100 5,007 2.7 8,571

160 0.0 .. 100 100 4,833 .. 8,840

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

96 8.9 3.7 0 35 65 189 177 35 25.7 11.1

236 15.2 0.0 0 28 72 199 173 28 17.0 7.6

308 2.9 0.2 0 25 75 188 163 28 17.8 8.6

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

8 .. 4.5 70.1 36.0 76.7 63

3 .. 3.4 145.4 71.0 80.8 50

3 .. 3.2 146.9 82.0 126.3 47

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

284 100 .. .. 436 .. 16.5 ..

280 80 .. .. 449 .. 55.1 ..

252 78 .. .. 398 .. 67.5 ..

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

The Little Data Book  2016

183


Sint Maarten (Dutch part) Latin America & Caribbean Population (thousands) Surface area (sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ millions) GNI, PPP ($ millions)

38 34 .. ..

High income Population growth (%) Population living below $1.90 a day (%) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

2.9 .. .. ..

2000

2010

2014

.. .. 2.0 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. 76 2.0 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. 73 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. 54.1 –48.5 ..

.. .. .. .. .. 62.1 47.7 ..

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

184

2016  The Little Data Book


Slovak Republic Europe & Central Asia Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

High income 5.4 49 96.2 148.5

Population growth (%) 0.1 Population living below $1.90 a day (%) <2 GNI per capita, Atlas ($) 17,750 GNI per capita, PPP ($) 27,410 2000

2010

2014

.. 73 1.3 8 .. 100 12 .. 98 97 1.0 60 0.1

8.5 75 1.4 6 .. 99 8 .. 98 100 1.0 59 0.1

8.6 77 1.3 6 .. .. 7 .. 97 96 1.0 60 0.1

19 9.0 100 99 3,293 6.7 4,956

19 –0.1 5.5 100 99 3,307 6.7 5,201

19 0.0 5.5 100 99 2,847 .. 5,202

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

29.1 1.2 9.4 4 36 60 54 57 28 1.2 –0.3

89.3 5.1 0.5 3 35 62 77 78 24 15.3 –6.6

100.2 2.5 –0.2 4 34 62 92 88 21 20.8 –2.3

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

103 .. 1.7 23.1 9.4 55.8 4

18 83.3 1.3 109.0 75.7 64.8 7

12 86.7 1.0 116.9 80.0 65.7 10

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

84 100 .. .. 1.2 0.0 2.1 ..

145 94 .. .. 9.6 1.6 2.1 ..

168 94 .. .. 1.2 2.4 0.1 ..

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

The Little Data Book  2016

185


Slovenia Europe & Central Asia Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

High income 2.1 20 48.6 62.6

Population growth (%) 0.1 Population living below $1.90 a day (%) <2 GNI per capita, Atlas ($) 23,580 GNI per capita, PPP ($) 30,360 2000

2010

2014

8.7 75 1.3 12 .. 100 6 .. 95 96 1.0 57 0.1

9.7 79 1.6 9 .. 100 3 .. 95 97 1.0 59 0.1

9.4 81 1.6 9 .. .. 3 .. 94 98 1.0 58 0.1

12 4.8 100 99 3,224 7.2 5,778

12 –0.1 5.0 100 99 3,539 7.5 6,521

12 0.0 5.0 100 99 3,272 .. 6,833

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

20.3 4.2 5.4 3 35 62 50 54 29 38.2 –1.1

48.0 1.2 –1.0 2 31 67 64 63 22 36.1 –5.4

49.5 3.0 0.8 2 33 65 77 69 20 38.0 –3.5

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

60 .. 1.1 61.1 15.1 42.0 5

6 .. 1.6 103.3 70.0 96.0 6

6 .. 1.0 112.1 71.6 68.7 6

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

93 100 .. .. 15.0 205 136 60.8

123 96 .. .. 49.6 347 319 ..

142 95 .. .. 4.3 757 1,030 ..

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

186

2016  The Little Data Book


Solomon Islands East Asia & Pacific Population (thousands) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Lower middle income 572 29 1.0 1.2

Population growth (%) 2.0 Population living below $1.90 a day (%) 45.6 GNI per capita, Atlas ($) 1,830 GNI per capita, PPP ($) 2,020 2000

2010

2014

.. 63 4.7 214 7 85 33 .. 91 .. 0.9 66 ..

.. 67 4.2 136 35 86 32 32.8 85 85 0.9 66 ..

.. 68 4.0 114 .. .. 28 .. 93 87 1.0 66 ..

23 .. 80 26 .. 0.4 ..

22 0.2 .. 80 28 130 0.4 ..

22 0.3 .. 81 30 .. .. ..

435 –14.3 10.7 35 13 53 24 39 7 .. ..

672 6.9 5.2 .. .. .. 50 82 .. .. ..

1,158 1.5 8.8 .. .. .. 56 67 .. .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

55 .. .. 0.3 0.5 26.5 ..

55 40.0 .. 21.9 5.0 27.2 87

9 48.9 .. 65.8 9.0 22.2 0

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

37 100 156 7.1 –4.9 4.3 13 68

94 96 231 6.2 –11.9 14.3 166 340

83 104 187 2.8 –11.9 16.3 21 199

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

The Little Data Book  2016

187


Somalia Sub-Saharan Africa Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ millions) GNI, PPP ($ millions)

Low income 10.5 638 .. ..

Population growth (%) Population living below $1.90 a day (%) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

188

2016  The Little Data Book

2.4 .. .. ..

2000

2010

2014

.. 51 7.6 1,080 8 33 174 29.2 24 .. .. 56 0.7

.. 54 6.9 820 15 33 160 25.3 46 .. 0.5 56 0.6

.. 55 6.5 732 .. .. 137 .. 46 .. .. 56 0.5

75 54.8 24 22 .. 0.07 ..

67 1.1 55.0 31 23 .. 0.06 ..

64 1.2 55.0 .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

5,707 .. .. .. .. .. 14 61 .. .. ..

.. .. .. 1.1 0.0 .. ..

.. 26.7 .. 6.7 1.3 .. ..

.. 20.0 0.0 50.9 1.6 .. ..

.. 100 2.6 .. –200 .. 0 102

.. 101 3.0 .. –350 .. 112 506

.. 112 2.9 .. –400 .. 106 1,109


South Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Upper middle income 54.0 1,219 367.2 685.7

Population growth (%) 1.6 Population living below $1.90 a day (%) 16.6 GNI per capita, Atlas ($) 6,800 GNI per capita, PPP ($) 12,700 2000

2010

2014

3.1 56 2.9 85 60 91 75 30.9 72 86 1.0 57 15.7

2.5 54 2.5 154 .. 94 54 23.9 74 .. 1.1 51 18.4

.. 57 2.4 138 .. .. 41 .. 70 .. 1.1 53 18.9

92 27.9 87 57 2,478 8.4 4,681

92 0.0 .. 91 64 2,791 9.0 4,581

92 0.0 27.9 93 66 2,658 .. 4,328

136 4.2 8.8 3 32 65 27 24 16 25.7 –1.9

375 3.0 6.4 3 30 67 29 27 20 26.7 –4.4

350 1.5 5.8 2 29 68 31 33 20 27.9 –4.3

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

36 .. 1.4 18.6 5.3 148.6 7

22 82.2 1.1 97.9 24.0 185.5 5

46 81.1 1.1 149.2 49.0 185.6 6

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ billions)

44 100 25 9.9 1,072 344 1.0 0.5

50 141 108 5.6 1,403 1,070 3.7 1.0

61 135 144 8.6 600 913 5.7 1.1

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

The Little Data Book  2016

189


South Sudan Sub-Saharan Africa Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Low income 11.9 644 11.6 21.4

Population growth (%) 3.9 Population living below $1.90 a day (%) .. GNI per capita, Atlas ($) 970 GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1,800

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)

2000

2010

2014

.. 49 6.2 1,310 .. .. 182 .. .. .. .. .. 2.1

.. 54 5.4 876 4 19 111 31.1 62 37 .. .. 2.8

.. 56 5.0 789 .. .. 93 .. 22 .. .. .. 2.7

..

72 0.0 2.5 59 7 59 .. 39

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

.. .. .. .. .. ..

72 0.0 .. 59 7 .. .. ..

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

15.7 5.5 21.6 .. .. .. 61 30 10 .. ..

13.3 3.4 –3.1 .. .. .. 20 34 10 .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. 4.1 14.4 7.0 .. ..

14 34.4 8.2 24.5 15.9 .. ..

.. .. .. .. 432 .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. 785 .. .. 437

.. .. .. .. 865 .. –700 1,964

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

190

2016  The Little Data Book


Spain Europe & Central Asia Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

46.5 506 1,366.0 1,556.6

High income Population growth (%) –0.3 Population living below $1.90 a day (%) .. GNI per capita, Atlas ($) 29,390 GNI per capita, PPP ($) 33,490 2000

2010

2014

.. 79 1.2 5 72 .. 7 .. 94 .. 1.0 53 ..

6.0 82 1.4 5 66 .. 5 .. 95 103 1.0 59 ..

5.8 83 1.3 5 .. .. 4 .. 96 100 1.0 59 ..

170 32.3 100 100 3,026 7.3 5,207

182 –0.7 30.2 100 100 2,743 5.8 5,707

184 –0.2 30.2 100 100 2,450 .. 5,401

595 5.3 3.3 4 31 65 29 32 27 .. ..

1,432 0.0 0.2 3 26 71 26 27 24 15.6 –4.8

1,381 1.4 –0.4 3 22 75 33 30 20 17.4 –4.8

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

138 .. 1.2 60.2 13.6 116.4 8

52 .. 1.0 111.3 65.8 241.0 6

14 .. 0.9 107.8 76.2 210.6 7

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

46 100 .. .. 2,829 4.9 38.8 ..

41 94 .. .. 2,250 1.6 41.0 ..

49 89 .. .. –593 3.1 34.2 ..

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

The Little Data Book  2016

191


Sri Lanka South Asia

Lower middle income

Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

20.8 66 71.4 214.0

Population growth (%) 0.9 Population living below $1.90 a day (%) <2 GNI per capita, Atlas ($) 3,440 GNI per capita, PPP ($) 10,300

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)

2000

2010

2014

6.9 71 2.2 57 70 96 16 18.4 99 107 .. 57 0.1

7.7 74 2.2 35 68 99 11 19.2 99 99 1.0 55 0.1

7.3 75 2.1 30 .. .. 10 14.7 99 98 1.0 55 0.1

22

21 0.3 24.5 96 95 488 .. 526

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

24.6 80 81 436 0.5 290

21 0.4 24.5 91 92 472 0.6 451

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

16.3 6.0 7.3 20 27 53 39 50 28 16.8 –8.4

56.7 8.0 22.8 9 30 61 20 27 24 12.7 –6.3

78.8 4.5 2.7 8 30 62 .. .. .. 12.0 –5.3

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

56 .. 5.0 2.3 0.6 43.7 3

38 76.7 2.7 83.6 12.0 35.4 1

10 73.3 2.3 103.2 25.8 43.0 1

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

77 100 9.2 12.1 –449 1.2 173 275

39 110 21.8 12.2 –520 4.1 478 583

39 106 43.6 14.7 –485 7.0 944 488

192

2016  The Little Data Book


St. Kitts and Nevis Latin America & Caribbean Population (thousands) Surface area (sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ millions) GNI, PPP ($ millions)

55 260 819.7 1,241.9

High income Population growth (%) 1.2 Population living below $1.90 a day (%) .. GNI per capita, Atlas ($) 14,920 GNI per capita, PPP ($) 22,600 2000

2010

2014

.. 71 2.1 .. .. 99 19 .. 99 103 1.1 .. ..

.. .. .. .. 54 100 13 .. 99 89 1.0 .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. 100 11 .. 93 82 1.0 .. ..

110 .. 98 87 .. 2.3 ..

110 0.0 .. 98 87 1,645 5.0 ..

110 0.0 65.0 98 .. .. .. ..

Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

420 5.0 2.6 2 30 68 36 59 52 22.4 –11.2

692 –3.2 0.9 2 27 72 31 53 34 27.2 –4.0

852 6.9 1.3 1 25 73 38 47 30 32.6 11.2

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. .. 2.6 5.9 98.8 1

19 61.1 .. 152.8 63.0 127.9 1

19 56.7 .. 118.6 65.4 81.1 ..

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

55 100 .. .. .. 27.1 96 3.9

44 74 .. .. .. 47.0 116 11.4

37 68 .. .. .. 51.6 120 29.3

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

The Little Data Book  2016

193


St. Lucia Latin America & Caribbean Population (thousands) Surface area (sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

184 620 1.3 1.9

Upper middle income Population growth (%) 0.7 Population living below $1.90 a day (%) 35.8 GNI per capita, Atlas ($) 7,260 GNI per capita, PPP ($) 10,540 2000

2010

2014

.. 71 2.3 54 47 100 18 .. 88 105 1.1 69 ..

.. 74 2.0 54 .. 99 16 .. 95 108 1.0 69 ..

.. 75 1.9 48 56 99 14 2.5 99 .. .. 69 ..

210 .. 94 83 .. 2.1 ..

210 0.3 14.3 96 89 752 2.3 ..

200 0.3 14.3 96 91 .. .. ..

Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

781 4.4 8.0 6 17 77 48 57 27 23.1 –1.0

1,249 –1.7 7.1 3 16 81 49 63 28 23.0 –0.6

1,404 0.5 4.8 3 13 84 45 50 19 22.9 –6.5

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. .. 1.6 5.1 70.9 6

14 60.0 .. 111.7 43.3 111.6 17

11 61.1 .. 102.6 51.0 108.2 5

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

51 100 222 7.9 –0.2 26.4 54 11.0

70 104 580 7.4 2.9 29.0 121 41.2

54 96 528 5.7 0.0 30.1 75 18.1

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

194

2016  The Little Data Book


St. Martin (French part) Latin America & Caribbean Population (thousands) Surface area (sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ millions) GNI, PPP ($ millions)

32 54 .. ..

High income Population growth (%) Population living below $1.90 a day (%) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

0.8 .. .. ..

2000

2010

2014

.. 77 1.8 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. 79 1.8 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. 79 1.8 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

10.0 .. .. .. .. .. ..

10.0 0.0 .. .. .. .. .. ..

10.0 0.0 .. .. .. .. .. ..

Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

The Little Data Book  2016

195


St. Vincent and the Grenadines Latin America & Caribbean Population (thousands) Surface area (sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ millions) GNI, PPP ($ millions)

109 390 722.8 1,173.1

Upper middle income Population growth (%) 0.0 Population living below $1.90 a day (%) .. GNI per capita, Atlas ($) 6,610 GNI per capita, PPP ($) 10,730 2000

2010

2014

.. 71 2.4 74 58 100 22 .. 96 93 1.1 65 ..

.. 72 2.1 50 48 99 21 .. 99 94 1.0 67 ..

.. 73 2.0 45 .. 99 18 .. 99 101 1.0 67 ..

260 .. 94 73 .. 1.4 ..

270 –0.4 .. 95 76 642 2.1 ..

270 0.0 8.5 95 .. .. .. ..

Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

396 1.6 –0.2 9 20 72 45 51 23 .. ..

681 –3.4 4.4 7 19 73 27 57 25 .. ..

729 0.6 0.6 8 17 75 25 56 22 .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. .. 2.2 3.2 64.2 0

10 54.4 .. 120.6 38.5 54.9 0

10 55.6 .. 105.2 56.5 57.9 0

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

53 100 195 7.2 –5.2 22.5 38 6.2

56 108 295 18.6 –5.1 29.1 97 16.9

56 94 339 15.8 –5.0 32.6 139 9.2

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

196

2016  The Little Data Book


Sudan Sub-Saharan Africa Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Lower middle income 39.4 1,879 67.3 154.4

Population growth (%) Population living below $1.90 a day (%) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)

2000

2010

.. 58 f 5.4 f 544 f 7 .. 106 f 47.6 58 .. 0.8 f f 52 f 0.1

6.8 62 f 4.6 f 349 f 9 23 f 80 f 38.3 f 90 60 f 0.9 f f 53 f 0.2

290

2.1 14.9 1,710 3,920 2014 .. 63 4.4 311 12 .. 70 38.2 86 56 0.9 54 0.2

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

.. 62 25 383 0.2 62

272 192 0.8 0.9 .. 673.3 55 56 23 24 362 375 0.3 .. 131 159

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

12.3 6.3 9.9 42 21 37 16 13 25 8.0 –0.4

65.6 3.5 19.6 25 28 47 20 17 23 .. ..

73.8 3.1 29.9 29 20 50 6 13 18 .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. 4.8 0.1 0.0 8.9 4

35 44.4 .. 41.5 16.7 22.0 0

36 51.1 .. 72.2 24.6 20.9 ..

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

27 100 15.8 13.5 –430 f 641 0.4 f 225

33 198 22.2 4.2 –500 f 1,100 2.1 f 2,028

18 g .. 21.8 g g 4.4 –800 507 g 1.3 872

The Little Data Book  2016

197


Suriname Latin America & Caribbean Population (thousands) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

538 164 5.4 9.2

Upper middle income Population growth (%) 0.9 Population living below $1.90 a day (%) 23.4 GNI per capita, Atlas ($) 9,950 GNI per capita, PPP ($) 17,040 2000

2010

2014

.. 68 2.8 259 42 85 34 14.5 84 .. 1.1 51 1.0

.. 70 2.5 169 48 91 25 8.8 90 92 1.1 54 1.1

.. 71 2.4 155 .. .. 21 .. 85 94 1.1 55 1.0

154 0.7 89 81 .. 4.4 ..

154 0.0 0.6 94 80 1,425 4.6 ..

153 0.0 0.6 95 79 .. .. ..

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

0.9 –0.1 54.8 11 25 64 20 33 12 34.1 1.1

4.4 5.2 7.2 8 52 40 .. .. .. 20.5 –2.1

5.2 1.8 –0.3 7 49 44 .. .. 6 25.7 –1.2

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. .. 8.8 2.5 33.7 8

690 71.1 .. 99.3 31.6 26.9 12

84 62.2 .. 170.6 40.1 38.9 21

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

104 100 .. .. –22.1 1.3 –148 34

78 140 .. .. –5.7 4.3 –248 104

80 122 .. .. –5.0 8.8 –210 13

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

198

2016  The Little Data Book


Swaziland Sub-Saharan Africa Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Lower middle income 1.3 17 4.5 10.0

Population growth (%) Population living below $1.90 a day (%) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

1.5 42.0 3,550 7,880

2000

2010

2014

4.5 49 4.2 586 28 70 128 36.6 92 61 1.0 56 25.2

4.0 48 3.6 436 65 82 88 31.0 94 77 0.9 57 27.4

.. 49 3.3 389 66 88 61 .. 86 79 0.9 58 27.7

5.2 39.5 52 52 .. 1.1 ..

5.6 –0.8 .. 70 57 373 0.9 ..

5.9 –0.8 39.5 74 58 .. .. ..

1.5 1.8 9.9 12 44 44 74 88 18 .. ..

3.5 1.7 –4.7 8 50 42 58 75 14 .. ..

4.4 2.5 6.1 6 44 50 .. .. .. .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. 1.6 3.1 0.9 11.1 0

56 67.8 2.9 60.8 11.0 18.1 0

30 58.9 1.8 72.3 27.1 16.5 ..

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

128 100 260 2.2 –46.1 56.9 91 13.1

107 115 707 1.9 –6.0 54.7 136 91.1

79 107 438 1.3 –6.0 24.5 27 85.9

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

The Little Data Book  2016

199


Sweden Europe & Central Asia Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

High income 9.7 447 596.9 454.4

Population growth (%) 1.0 Population living below $1.90 a day (%) .. GNI per capita, Atlas ($) 61,570 GNI per capita, PPP ($) 46,870

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

2000

2010

2014

.. 80 1.5 5 .. .. 4 .. 91 100 1.2 63 0.1

9.0 81 2.0 4 .. .. 3 .. 97 97 1.0 64 0.2

8.7 82 1.9 4 .. .. 3 .. 97 102 1.1 64 0.2

282 1.6 100 99 5,360 5.6 15,682

281 281 0.0 0.0 1.5 1.6 100 100 99 99 5,428 4,811 5.6 .. 14,934 13,870

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

260 4.7 1.6 2 30 68 44 38 23 38.0 1.2

488 6.0 1.0 2 29 69 46 41 23 29.8 –0.4

571 2.3 1.6 1 26 73 45 41 24 28.7 –1.2

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

16 .. 1.8 71.8 45.7 46.3 23

16 .. 1.2 117.2 90.0 146.9 14

7 .. 1.2 127.8 92.5 157.5 14

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

62 100 .. .. 142 438 23.9 ..

63 95 .. .. 262 762 2.3 ..

57 92 .. .. 273 4,442 –2.5 ..

200

2016  The Little Data Book


Switzerland Europe & Central Asia Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

High income 8.2 41 693.7 484.4

Population growth (%) 1.2 Population living below $1.90 a day (%) .. GNI per capita, Atlas ($) 84,720 GNI per capita, PPP ($) 59,160 2000

2010

2014

.. 80 1.5 7 .. .. 6 .. 82 96 1.0 67 ..

7.7 82 1.5 6 .. 100 5 .. 92 96 1.0 68 ..

8.1 83 1.5 5 .. .. 4 .. 93 97 1.0 68 ..

12 6.2 100 100 3,480 5.4 7,846

12 –0.3 5.5 100 100 3,347 5.0 8,175

13 –0.3 4.9 100 100 3,075 .. 7,807

272 3.9 1.4 1 26 72 52 46 25 22.4 2.0

581 3.0 0.3 1 26 73 64 54 24 10.0 0.3

701 1.9 –0.7 1 26 73 64 53 23 9.9 0.1

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

20 .. 1.0 64.7 47.1 158.2 22

18 .. 0.7 123.2 83.9 173.5 25

10 .. 0.7 136.7 87.0 176.0 26

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

60 100 .. .. 186 1.1 19.8 ..

64 108 .. .. 345 2.5 17.7 ..

84 102 .. .. 382 2.3 22.7 ..

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

The Little Data Book  2016

201


Syrian Arab Republic Middle East & North Africa Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ millions)

22.2 185 .. ..

Lower middle income Population growth (%) Population living below $1.90 a day (%) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

1.7 .. .. ..

2000

2010

2014

.. 73 4.0 73 45 .. 23 24.3 84 92 0.9 51 0.1

.. 72 3.1 49 54 96 15 27.5 82 106 1.0 44 0.1

.. 70 3.0 68 .. .. 13 .. 54 69 1.0 44 0.1

4.3 229.4 88 89 944 3.1 1,069

4.9 –1.3 235.0 90 95 1,045 3.0 1,880

4.9 0.0 235.0 90 96 592 .. 999

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

19.3 2.7 9.7 24 38 38 35 29 17 26.6 –1.1

40.4 5.7 12.0 18 33 49 39 38 28 22.7 –3.1

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

43 .. 5.3 0.2 0.2 25.5 1

13 56.7 4.1 54.3 20.7 36.2 1

13 47.8 .. 63.9 28.1 .. ..

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

44 100 22.2 6.8 –380 0.2 0.3 159

65 .. 130 140 5.3 4.6 3.1 .. 370 –4,030 1.6 1.6 1.5 .. 135 4,198

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

202

2016  The Little Data Book


Tajikistan Europe & Central Asia Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Lower middle income 8.3 143 8.9 22.1

Population growth (%) Population living below $1.90 a day (%) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

2.2 4.7 1,080 2,660

2000

2010

2014

8.3 64 4.0 68 34 71 93 42.1 88 91 0.9 67 0.2

8.4 69 3.5 35 37 88 53 28.8 94 101 0.9 67 0.3

.. 70 3.5 32 28 87 45 26.8 98 97 0.9 68 0.4

4.1 18.8 60 90 347 0.4 2,172

4.1 0.0 18.1 70 94 287 0.4 1,880

4.1 –0.1 18.1 74 95 303 .. 1,682

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

0.9 8.3 22.7 27 39 34 99 101 9 10.6 –0.8

5.6 6.5 12.5 22 28 50 15 53 18 .. ..

9.2 6.7 5.5 27 22 51 19 68 19 .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. 1.2 0.0 0.0 17.9 42

16 74.4 1.0 77.9 11.6 7.6 ..

11 81.1 1.1 95.1 17.5 19.5 ..

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

170 100 1.1 12.7 –97 0.1 24 124

68 110 3.1 76.3 –65 2.3 –16 433

60 91 4.0 13.2 –117 4.0 261 356

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

The Little Data Book  2016

203


Tanzania Sub-Saharan Africa Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Low income 51.8 947 46.4 126.3

Population growth (%) Population living below $1.90 a day (%) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)

3.2 46.6 920 2,510

2000

2010

2014

6.8 50 5.7 842 25 36 131 48.3 78 50 .. 89 7.9

7.4 62 5.4 514 34 49 63 42.5 92 88 1.0 89 6.1

.. 65 5.1 398 .. .. 49 .. 99 74 1.0 89 5.3

519

461 0.8 6.2 56 16 470 .. 89

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

6.2 54 9 396 0.08 58

479 0.8 .. 55 13 449 0.15 94

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

10.2 4.9 7.6 33 19 47 13 20 17 .. ..

31.4 6.4 9.2 32 22 46 19 29 27 12.7 –1.9

48.1 7.0 4.7 31 25 44 19 30 31 12.6 –5.3

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

34 .. 1.3 0.3 0.1 10.7 1

29 67.8 0.9 46.7 2.9 15.5 3

26 75.6 1.0 62.8 4.9 20.2 3

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ billions)

22 100 7.2 11.9 –296 8 0.5 1.1

38 140 9.0 3.0 –265 344 1.8 3.0

35 136 14.4 2.9 –200 389 2.0 2.6

204

2016  The Little Data Book


Thailand East Asia & Pacific Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Upper middle income 67.7 513 391.7 1,006.9

Population growth (%) 0.4 Population living below $1.90 a day (%) <2 GNI per capita, Atlas ($) 5,780 GNI per capita, PPP ($) 14,870 2000

2010

2014

6.2 71 1.7 25 79 99 23 .. 94 85 1.0 73 2.1

6.6 74 1.5 23 80 100 15 15.7 98 .. 1.0 72 1.3

6.7 74 1.5 20 79 100 12 16.3 99 .. 1.0 72 1.1

170 .. 92 91 1,153 3.0 1,454

162 0.5 25.5 96 93 1,767 4.5 2,325

164 –0.2 25.5 98 93 1,988 .. 2,471

126 4.5 1.3 9 37 55 65 56 22 15.5 –1.8

341 7.5 4.1 11 40 49 66 61 25 17.3 –1.9

405 0.9 1.0 10 37 53 69 63 24 19.5 –0.8

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

33 .. 1.5 4.9 3.7 134.3 33

32 80.0 1.5 108.0 22.4 133.5 24

28 85.6 1.4 144.4 34.9 168.6 20

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

104 100 80 16.3 1,103 1.7 3.4 697

110 98 106 4.7 –859 3.6 14.7 –12

113 95 136 5.2 100 5.7 3.7 351

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

The Little Data Book  2016

205


Timor-Leste East Asia & Pacific Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Lower middle income 1.2 15 3.2 6.2

Population growth (%) Population living below $1.90 a day (%) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

2.7 46.8 2,680 5,080

2000

2010

2014

7.1 59 7.1 694 8 24 110 55.7 56 .. .. 56 ..

9.0 67 5.6 317 22 29 64 57.7 66 80 1.0 39 ..

.. 68 5.1 215 .. .. 53 .. 74 98 1.0 38 ..

8.5 .. 54 37 .. 0.2 ..

7.4 1.4 14.3 68 39 60 0.2 ..

6.9 1.6 14.3 72 41 .. .. ..

Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

368 17.5 5.6 28 16 56 10 168 38 .. ..

934 9.4 4.4 20 18 62 10 116 40 .. ..

1,417 7.0 0.4 19 18 63 8 96 39 .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. .. 2.1 0.0 –8.7 ..

110 55.6 2.8 43.8 0.2 –23.7 ..

9 62.2 2.1 119.4 1.1 –1.1 10

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

30 .. .. .. 0 .. 4.5 231

28 .. .. .. –105 137 30.3 291

68 .. .. .. –50 44 33.9 247

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

206

2016  The Little Data Book


Togo Sub-Saharan Africa Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Low income 7.1 57 4.0 9.2

Population growth (%) Population living below $1.90 a day (%) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)

2.7 54.2 570 1,290

2000

2010

2014

.. 53 5.4 491 26 49 121 29.8 58 65 0.7 79 3.5

4.8 57 4.9 393 15 59 91 29.8 68 70 0.8 81 2.8

.. 60 4.6 368 20 59 78 27.5 82 85 .. 81 2.4

4.9

1.9 8.1 1.5 63 12 463 .. 148

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

1.5 54 11 433 0.3 96

2.9 5.1 .. 60 12 487 0.3 125

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

1.3 –0.8 –4.3 35 18 47 34 48 15 .. ..

3.2 4.0 1.2 31 17 52 40 57 19 17.4 0.6

4.5 5.7 –1.4 42 17 41 50 101 21 21.0 –4.6

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

74 .. 1.7 1.0 0.8 22.4 1

84 51.1 1.8 41.3 3.0 31.7 0

10 65.6 .. 64.6 5.7 39.7 0

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

71 100 1.4 6.6 –10.0 34 42 70

84 116 1.3 2.6 –10.0 337 125 404

92 111 1.0 2.3 –10.0 343 292 208

The Little Data Book  2016

207


Tonga East Asia & Pacific Population (thousands) Surface area (sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ millions) GNI, PPP ($ millions)

Upper middle income 106 750 449.4 556.0

Population growth (%) 0.4 Population living below $1.90 a day (%) <2 GNI per capita, Atlas ($) 4,260 GNI per capita, PPP ($) 5,270

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)

2000

2010

2014

.. 71 4.3 97 33 95 18 .. 88 107 1.0 61 ..

6.6 72 3.9 130 32 98 17 .. 68 .. 1.0 64 ..

.. 73 3.7 124 34 98 17 8.1 67 111 1.0 64 ..

90

90 0.0 .. 100 91 .. .. ..

Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

.. 99 93 .. 1.0 ..

90 0.0 .. 99 92 568 1.1 ..

Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

189 3.4 3.1 23 21 56 15 47 21 .. ..

370 4.2 3.5 19 21 61 13 48 30 .. ..

434 2.1 2.3 21 19 61 18 54 34 .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

32 .. .. 0.2 2.4 38.8 0

25 58.9 .. 52.2 16.0 40.3 0

16 47.8 .. 64.3 40.0 29.5 2

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

42 100 74 8.9 –8.1 53 4.8 18.8

45 90 154 7.4 –8.2 77 9.0 70.4

51 85 196 5.8 –8.1 114 56.0 79.9

208

2016  The Little Data Book


Trinidad and Tobago Latin America & Caribbean Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

1.4 5.1 27.2 43.3

High income Population growth (%) 0.5 Population living below $1.90 a day (%) 3.4 GNI per capita, Atlas ($) 20,070 GNI per capita, PPP ($) 31,970

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

2000

2010

2014

.. 69 1.8 62 38 96 29 5.3 90 93 .. 61 ..

.. 70 1.8 65 43 98 24 .. 92 95 .. 64 ..

.. 70 1.8 63 .. 100 20 .. 96 .. .. 64 ..

2.3 8.2 93 91 7,760 18.8 3,991

2.3 2.3 0.3 –0.7 9.0 10.0 95 95 91 92 15,109 14,538 38.3 .. 6,189 6,876

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

8.2 7.6 11.4 1 49 49 59 45 17 27.1 2.0

21.0 –0.1 10.7 1 63 37 58 33 14 34.7 –1.6

28.9 0.8 4.5 1 57 43 44 31 14 .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. 0.0 12.8 7.7 45.2 1

40 71.1 0.7 142.6 48.5 33.8 0

12 56.7 0.8 147.3 65.1 29.1 ..

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

93 100 .. .. –13.2 38 680 –1.5

83 122 .. .. –11.3 91 549 4.3

70 145 .. .. –5.0 131 2,423 ..

The Little Data Book  2016

209


Tunisia Middle East & North Africa Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

11.0 164 46.5 121.2

Upper middle income Population growth (%) 1.0 Population living below $1.90 a day (%) <2 GNI per capita, Atlas ($) 4,230 GNI per capita, PPP ($) 11,020

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)

2000

2010

2014

6.0 73 2.1 84 66 90 32 16.8 95 87 1.0 48 0.1

6.7 75 2.1 67 60 95 17 9.0 97 99 1.0 47 0.1

.. 74 2.2 62 63 99 14 10.1 98 97 .. 48 0.1

8

10 –1.0 78.8 98 92 956 .. 1,435

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

67.9 90 82 765 2.1 992

10 –1.7 .. 96 89 975 2.5 1,376

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

21.5 4.7 3.3 11 30 58 40 43 26 26.5 –2.4

44.1 3.5 3.8 8 32 60 50 55 27 29.0 –1.4

48.6 2.7 5.4 9 29 62 45 55 22 31.3 –5.1

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

11 .. 1.5 1.2 2.8 66.4 3

11 78.9 1.3 104.5 36.8 74.1 5

11 76.7 1.9 128.5 46.2 84.6 5

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

67 100 11.4 21.9 –139 0.8 0.8 222

88 113 22.5 10.4 –33 2.1 1.3 550

86 116 26.4 8.7 –33 2.3 1.0 921

210

2016  The Little Data Book


Turkey Europe & Central Asia Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

75.9 784 822.4 1,485.2

Upper middle income Population growth (%) 1.2 Population living below $1.90 a day (%) <2 GNI per capita, Atlas ($) 10,830 GNI per capita, PPP ($) 19,560 2000

2010

2014

5.8 70 2.5 79 71 83 40 19.1 87 .. 0.8 49 ..

5.9 74 2.1 23 73 95 19 12.3 97 99 0.9 49 ..

5.8 75 2.1 16 73 97 14 9.5 94 100 1.0 49 ..

102 18.5 93 88 1,201 3.4 1,653

112 –1.0 17.7 99 93 1,456 4.1 2,492

117 –0.9 17.7 100 95 1,573 .. 2,789

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

267 6.8 49.2 11 31 57 20 23 21 17.6 –5.8

731 9.2 5.7 9 26 64 21 27 20 24.0 –3.0

798 2.9 8.3 8 27 65 28 32 20 25.7 –0.8

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

39 .. 3.7 25.5 3.8 37.9 5

7 84.4 2.4 85.6 39.8 71.8 2

8 82.2 2.2 94.8 51.0 88.1 2

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ billions)

31 100 117 38.9 –100 4.6 1.0 0.3

41 92 299 36.6 –50 1.1 9.1 1.0

50 92 408 25.0 2,000 1.1 12.8 3.4

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

The Little Data Book  2016

211


Turkmenistan Europe & Central Asia Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Upper middle income 5.3 488 42.5 77.1

Population growth (%) 1.3 Population living below $1.90 a day (%) 42.3 GNI per capita, Atlas ($) 8,020 GNI per capita, PPP ($) 14,520

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

212

2016  The Little Data Book

2000

2010

2014

6.1 64 2.8 59 62 97 82 28.1 96 .. .. 61 ..

.. 65 2.4 46 48 100 60 .. 99 .. .. 61 ..

.. 66 2.3 42 .. .. 51 .. 99 .. 1.0 62 ..

41 1,773.0 60 62 3,306 7.9 1,698

41 41 0.0 0.0 1,989.3 1,989.3 .. .. .. .. 4,499 5,012 11.4 .. 2,403 2,602

2.9 5.5 23.5 24 44 31 96 81 35 .. ..

22.1 9.2 0.3 15 48 37 78 45 53 .. ..

47.9 10.3 6.0 15 48 37 73 44 47 .. ..

.. .. 2.9 0.2 0.1 .. 5

.. 38.9 .. 63.4 3.0 .. ..

.. 33.3 .. 135.8 12.2 .. ..

148 100 2,509 .. –114 .. 0.1 35.3

55 190 529 .. –57 .. 3.6 45.8

58 224 441 .. –25 .. 3.2 34.2


Turks and Caicos Islands Latin America & Caribbean Population (thousands) Surface area (sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ millions) GNI, PPP ($ millions)

34 950 .. ..

High income Population growth (%) Population living below $1.90 a day (%) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

1.9 .. .. ..

2000

2010

2014

.. .. .. .. .. 88 .. .. .. .. 1.0 .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. 100 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

340 .. 87 81 .. 0.8 ..

340 0.0 .. 87 81 .. 6.2 ..

340 0.0 .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. .. .. .. .. 20

.. .. .. .. .. .. 2

.. .. .. .. .. .. 2

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

.. 100 .. .. .. .. .. 6.7

.. 73 .. .. .. .. .. 15.4

.. 71 .. .. .. .. .. ..

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

The Little Data Book  2016

213


Tuvalu East Asia & Pacific Population (thousands) Surface area (sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ millions) GNI, PPP ($ millions)

Upper middle income 10 30 56.6 53.5

Population growth (%) Population living below $1.90 a day (%) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

0.2 .. 5,720 5,410

2000

2010

2014

.. .. .. .. 32 100 43 .. 81 102 1.1 .. ..

.. .. .. .. 31 98 32 10.0 85 .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. 27 .. 96 93 1.1 .. ..

10.0 .. 94 78 .. .. ..

10.0 0.0 .. 98 83 .. .. ..

10.0 0.0 .. 98 83 .. .. ..

13.7 –1.0 12.8 20 8 72 .. .. .. .. ..

31.8 –2.7 2.6 29 6 65 .. .. .. .. ..

37.9 2.0 3.7 22 9 69 .. .. .. .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. .. 0.0 5.2 .. 28

.. .. .. 16.3 25.0 .. ..

.. 37.8 .. 38.4 37.0 .. ..

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

36 .. .. .. .. .. .. 4.0

51 .. .. .. .. 3.9 0.5 13.3

32 .. .. .. .. 4.1 0.3 34.4

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

214

2016  The Little Data Book


Uganda Sub-Saharan Africa Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Low income 37.8 242 25.3 65.0

Population growth (%) Population living below $1.90 a day (%) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)

3.3 33.2 670 1,720

2000

2010

2014

5.9 46 6.9 620 23 39 148 44.8 57 61 0.9 82 7.4

5.9 56 6.2 420 30 57 75 33.7 73 57 1.0 78 6.9

6.1 58 5.8 343 .. .. 55 .. 82 56 1.0 77 7.3

39

21 5.5 1.6 79 19 .. .. ..

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

0.8 56 16 .. 0.06 ..

28 3.3 .. 73 18 .. 0.11 ..

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

6.2 3.1 11.1 29 23 48 11 22 19 10.8 –1.9

20.2 5.2 12.8 28 20 52 17 29 26 10.5 –3.4

27.0 4.8 2.3 27 22 51 18 28 27 11.2 –2.1

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

34 .. 2.5 0.5 0.2 12.2 4

24 70.0 3.2 37.7 12.5 14.6 2

27 72.2 1.2 52.4 17.7 16.8 2

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ billions)

31 100 3.5 10.6 –5 238 161 0.9

31 114 3.0 1.8 –135 771 544 1.7

30 115 5.1 2.1 –150 887 1,147 1.6

The Little Data Book  2016

215


Ukraine Europe & Central Asia Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Lower middle income Population growth (%) Population living below $1.90 a day (%) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

<2

2000

2010

2014

8.8 68 1.1 34 72 100 19 22.9 99 98 1.0 58 0.7

10.2 70 1.4 26 67 100 12 .. 56 98 1.0 59 1.2

10.3 71 1.5 24 65 99 9 .. 79 110 1.0 60 1.2

95 33.2 98 95 2,721 6.5 2,778

95 0.0 27.4 97 96 2,887 6.6 3,550

97 –0.2 27.0 96 96 2,553 .. 3,600

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

31.3 5.9 23.1 17 36 47 62 57 20 26.8 –0.6

136.4 4.2 13.8 8 31 60 51 54 20 34.3 –6.5

131.8 –6.8 14.7 12 25 63 49 53 14 37.5 –4.1

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

40 .. 3.6 1.7 0.7 23.8 5

27 87.8 2.7 117.1 23.3 93.9 4

7 91.1 3.1 144.1 43.4 109.9 7

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

91 100 14 18.4 –165 0.0 595 ..

82 102 125 38.6 235 6.5 6,451 651

82 91 131 25.2 195 7.4 847 1,404

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

216

2016  The Little Data Book


United Arab Emirates Middle East & North Africa Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

9.1 84 405.2 615.3

High income Population growth (%) 0.5 Population living below $1.90 a day (%) .. GNI per capita, Atlas ($) 44,600 GNI per capita, PPP ($) 67,720

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

2000

2010

2014

.. 74 2.6 8 .. 100 11 .. 94 89 1.0 76 ..

.. 77 1.9 6 .. 100 9 .. 94 87 .. 78 ..

.. 77 1.8 6 .. .. 7 .. 94 103 .. 81 ..

3.1 1,936.0 100 97 11,129 36.9 12,653

3.2 3.2 –0.2 –0.3 2,665.3 2,665.3 100 100 98 98 7,415 7,691 20.1 .. 10,891 10,904

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

104 10.9 11.5 2 50 48 49 41 22 6.5 0.1

286 1.6 11.0 1 55 45 79 72 26 3.1 –0.1

399 4.6 –1.3 .. .. .. 98 78 24 2.9 0.2

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

19 .. 5.6 47.2 23.6 28.9 1

15 .. 6.1 129.4 68.0 96.0 3

8 .. 5.7 178.1 90.4 83.0 ..

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

81 100 .. .. 1,180 .. –0.5 ..

132 164 .. .. 3,493 .. 5.5 ..

156 180 .. .. 405 .. 10.1 ..

The Little Data Book  2016

217


United Kingdom Europe & Central Asia Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

64.6 244 2,801.5 2,550.1

High income Population growth (%) 0.7 Population living below $1.90 a day (%) .. GNI per capita, Atlas ($) 43,390 GNI per capita, PPP ($) 39,500

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)

2000

2010

2014

.. 78 1.6 12 76 99 7 .. 88 .. 1.0 62 ..

7.1 80 1.9 10 84 .. 5 .. 89 .. 1.0 62 ..

7.5 81 1.8 9 .. .. 4 .. 93 .. 1.0 62 ..

30

31 –0.5 7.5 100 99 2,754 .. 5,407

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

10.8 100 99 3,786 9.2 6,115

31 –0.3 9.0 100 99 3,225 7.8 5,701

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

1,555 3.8 2.3 1 27 72 26 28 20 36.0 0.6

2,404 1.5 3.1 1 21 78 29 31 16 35.5 –9.5

2,989 2.9 1.7 1 21 78 28 30 17 35.9 –5.5

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

13 .. 2.3 73.7 26.8 123.7 32

12 .. 2.4 123.6 85.0 209.5 21

5 .. 2.0 123.6 91.6 168.8 21

41 100 .. .. 968 3.6 122 ..

42 103 .. .. 1,524 5.0 67 ..

40 101 .. .. 900 4.9 45 ..

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

218

2016  The Little Data Book


United States North America Population (millions) 318.9 Surface area (1,000 sq. km) 9,832 GNI, Atlas ($ billions) 17,611.5 GNI, PPP ($ billions) 17,823.2

High income Population growth (%) 0.7 Population living below $1.90 a day (%) .. GNI per capita, Atlas ($) 55,230 GNI per capita, PPP ($) 55,900

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)

2000

2010

2014

5.4 77 2.1 12 73 99 8 3.3 91 .. 1.0 66 ..

5.1 79 1.9 14 76 99 7 2.7 92 .. 1.0 64 ..

5.1 79 1.9 14 .. .. 7 2.1 91 .. 1.0 62 ..

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

16.8 99 100 8,057 20.2 13,671

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

10,285 14,964 4.1 2.5 2.3 1.2 1 1 23 20 76 79 11 12 14 16 24 18 20.5 10.0 2.2 –6.8

3,035

3,087 3,101 –0.2 –0.1 17.0 17.0 99 99 100 100 7,162 6,919 17.5 .. 13,394 12,985 17,419 2.4 1.5 1 21 78 13 16 20 19.1 –5.1

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. 2.9 38.5 43.1 191.0 34

.. .. 4.7 91.3 71.7 227.1 20

6 .. 3.5 110.2 87.4 253.5 18

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

20 100 .. .. 5,149 4.4 321 ..

22 97 .. .. 5,070 5.9 259 ..

23 96 .. .. 5,008 6.9 132 ..

The Little Data Book  2016

219


Uruguay Latin America & Caribbean Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

3.4 176 55.9 69.1

High income Population growth (%) 0.3 Population living below $1.90 a day (%) <2 GNI per capita, Atlas ($) 16,350 GNI per capita, PPP ($) 20,220 2000

2010

2014

4.7 75 2.2 31 .. 100 17 13.9 89 97 1.1 63 0.5

4.9 76 2.1 19 .. 100 12 11.7 95 104 1.0 65 0.8

5.1 77 2.0 15 .. 98 10 .. 96 .. .. 66 0.7

14 4.0 97 94 931 1.6 2,030

17 –2.4 .. 99 96 1,211 1.9 2,803

18 –1.3 4.0 100 96 1,351 .. 2,985

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

22.8 –1.9 3.5 7 25 69 17 20 14 24.7 –3.0

40.3 7.8 4.9 8 28 64 26 25 19 29.9 –0.9

57.5 3.5 9.6 8 28 64 23 26 21 29.9 –2.0

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

45 .. 2.5 12.4 10.5 50.2 2

64 95.6 2.0 131.6 46.4 31.7 7

7 88.9 1.6 160.8 61.5 35.5 8

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

25 100 .. .. –104 0 0.3 17.4

38 119 .. .. –50 125 2.2 46.7

36 129 .. .. –30 122 2.8 88.7

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

220

2016  The Little Data Book


Uzbekistan Europe & Central Asia Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Lower middle income 30.8 447 64.3 179.4

Population growth (%) 1.7 Population living below $1.90 a day (%) 66.8 GNI per capita, Atlas ($) 2,090 GNI per capita, PPP ($) 5,830

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

2000

2010

2014

7.1 67 2.6 34 67 96 63 25.3 99 94 1.0 60 0.1

.. 68 2.3 39 65 100 46 19.6 98 96 1.0 61 0.2

.. 68 2.2 36 .. .. 39 .. 99 .. .. 62 0.2

32 370.7 89 91 2,064 4.9 1,780

33 –0.2 342.7 87 100 1,513 3.7 1,653

32 0.3 342.7 87 100 1,419 .. 1,637

13.8 3.8 47.3 34 23 43 25 22 22 .. ..

39.3 8.5 19.6 19 33 48 32 29 23 .. ..

62.6 8.1 12.6 19 34 48 23 27 25 .. ..

29 .. 1.2 0.2 0.5 .. ..

15 61.1 .. 75.5 20.0 .. ..

7 51.1 .. 78.4 43.6 .. ..

40 100 5.0 .. –450 .. 75 186

52 166 7.8 .. –290 .. 1,636 232

43 171 13.4 .. –195 .. 751 324

The Little Data Book  2016

221


Vanuatu East Asia & Pacific Population (thousands) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ millions) GNI, PPP ($ millions)

Lower middle income 259 12 819.3 784.8

Population growth (%) Population living below $1.90 a day (%) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

2.2 15.4 3,160 3,030

2000

2010

2014

.. 68 4.4 144 28 88 29 .. 61 92 1.0 77 ..

6.7 71 3.5 94 38 74 29 25.9 53 84 1.0 71 ..

.. 72 3.3 78 49 89 28 28.5 53 94 .. 71 ..

4.4 .. 76 42 .. 0.4 ..

4.4 0.0 .. 88 56 159 0.5 ..

4.4 0.0 .. 95 58 .. .. ..

Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

272 5.9 2.2 26 13 61 39 48 20 19.4 –0.1

701 1.6 2.6 23 14 63 47 53 35 17.9 –2.5

815 2.3 2.0 28 9 63 48 49 26 .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

47 .. .. 0.2 2.1 35.6 0

47 42.2 .. 71.9 8.0 63.7 14

35 45.6 .. 60.4 18.8 72.1 ..

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

42 100 96 1.6 –0.5 34.7 20.3 46

48 86 173 1.6 1.1 11.8 63.1 108

46 95 181 1.8 0.6 28.1 13.3 98

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

222

2016  The Little Data Book


Venezuela, RB Latin America & Caribbean Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

30.7 912 373.3 535.7

High income Population growth (%) 1.4 Population living below $1.90 a day (%) 9.2 GNI per capita, Atlas ($) 12,500 GNI per capita, PPP ($) 17,700 2000

2010

2014

3.5 72 2.8 90 70 94 22 17.4 84 82 1.0 66 0.3

.. 74 2.5 99 .. .. 17 13.4 79 93 1.0 65 0.5

.. 74 2.4 95 .. 96 15 .. 89 96 1.0 65 0.6

492 1.1 91 88 2,094 6.2 2,636

475 0.3 2.8 93 93 2,496 6.8 3,134

467 0.3 2.8 93 94 2,271 .. 3,245

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

117 3.7 29.5 4 50 46 30 18 24 21.2 –1.2

394 –1.5 45.9 6 52 42 29 18 22 .. ..

381 –4.0 35.5 5 49 .. 25 30 27 .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

143 .. 1.5 22.3 3.4 14.9 3

141 83.3 0.9 96.0 37.4 22.5 5

144 82.2 1.4 99.0 57.0 61.9 1

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

42 100 .. 16.9 –7.6 17 4.7 76.1

27 216 .. 22.0 –28.4 143 1.9 52.6

41 255 .. 22.2 –69.1 121 6.9 40.6

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

The Little Data Book  2016

223


Vietnam East Asia & Pacific Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Lower middle income 90.7 331 171.9 485.2

Population growth (%) 1.1 Population living below $1.90 a day (%) 3.2 GNI per capita, Atlas ($) 1,890 GNI per capita, PPP ($) 5,350

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)

2000

2010

2014

7.5 73 2.0 81 74 70 34 43.4 97 99 0.9 78 0.2

5.9 75 1.9 58 78 93 25 23.3 98 103 .. 77 0.4

6.5 76 2.0 54 76 94 22 19.4 97 106 .. 78 0.5

117

148 –0.9 22.8 98 78 668 .. 1,306

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

.. 77 53 370 0.7 295

141 –1.9 22.8 91 70 678 1.8 1,035

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

33.6 6.8 11.6 23 34 43 50 53 27 .. ..

115.9 6.4 12.1 19 38 43 72 80 36 .. ..

186.2 6.0 3.7 18 39 43 86 83 27 .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

62 .. 2.0 1.0 0.3 32.6 11

36 64.4 2.3 125.3 30.7 124.7 9

20 82.2 2.3 147.1 48.3 113.8 27

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ billions)

90 100 12.9 7.5 –772 1.3 1.3 1.7

135 130 44.9 2.3 –878 8.3 8.0 2.9

161 130 71.9 4.2 –200 .. 9.2 4.2

224

2016  The Little Data Book


Virgin Islands (U.S.) Latin America & Caribbean Population (thousands) Surface area (sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ millions)

104 350 .. ..

High income Population growth (%) Population living below $1.90 a day (%) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

–0.5 .. .. ..

2000

2010

2014

.. 77 2.1 .. 78 98 .. .. .. .. .. 64 ..

.. 79 1.8 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 64 ..

.. 80 1.8 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 62 ..

200 .. 100 96 .. .. ..

180 1.2 .. 100 96 .. .. ..

180 0.6 .. 100 96 .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. .. 32.3 13.8 .. ..

.. .. .. .. 31.2 .. ..

.. .. .. .. 50.1 .. ..

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

.. .. .. .. –5.3 .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. –6.2 .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. –3.6 .. .. ..

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

The Little Data Book  2016

225


West Bank and Gaza Middle East & North Africa Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

4.3 6.0 13.1 21.5

Lower middle income Population growth (%) 3.0 Population living below $1.90 a day (%) <2 GNI per capita, Atlas ($) 3,060 GNI per capita, PPP ($) 5,000

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)

2000

2010

2014

.. 71 5.4 72 51 97 30 16.1 .. 94 1.0 38 ..

7.7 72 4.4 54 53 99 24 10.9 .. 95 1.0 41 ..

.. 73 4.2 45 57 100 21 7.4 .. 97 1.1 41 ..

90

90 0.0 51.5 58 92 .. .. ..

Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

34.4 91 89 .. 0.3 ..

90 –0.1 51.5 70 92 .. 0.5 ..

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

4.3 –9.9 10.4 11 25 64 21 67 32 .. ..

8.9 2.3 13.4 7 24 69 15 59 22 6.0 0.5

12.7 –1.5 2.7 5 24 72 18 61 19 5.1 0.3

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. .. 0.2 1.1 7.0 ..

48 42.2 .. 64.9 37.4 7.2 ..

44 80.0 .. 72.1 53.7 9.8 ..

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ billions)

.. 100 .. .. –190 1.0 62 0.7

.. 79 .. .. –90 0.9 180 2.5

.. 77 .. .. –44 2.2 127 2.5

226

2016  The Little Data Book


Yemen, Rep. Middle East & North Africa Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

26.2 528 33.3 93.3

Lower middle income Population growth (%) Population living below $1.90 a day (%) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

2.5 .. 1,300 3,650

2000

2010

2014

.. 60 6.3 440 23 27 95 57.7 71 58 0.5 47 0.1

.. 63 4.7 416 28 36 54 46.6 73 65 0.8 48 0.1

.. 64 4.2 385 34 45 42 46.8 75 69 0.8 49 0.1

5.5 161.9 60 39 267 0.8 140

5.5 0.0 169.8 55 53 332 1.1 250

5.5 0.0 169.8 55 53 324 .. 247

9.6 6.2 23.3 14 46 40 41 34 19 .. ..

30.9 3.3 13.8 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

36.0 4.2 7.9 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

72 .. 4.9 0.2 0.1 5.3 0

12 48.9 4.7 48.7 12.4 19.5 0

40 55.6 4.6 68.5 22.6 33.9 1

66 100 5.2 5.9 –100.0 1.3 6 311

56 149 6.7 2.8 0.0 1.5 189 667

60 159 7.7 3.3 –50.0 3.4 –738 1,164

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Zambia Sub-Saharan Africa Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Lower middle income 15.7 753 26.4 57.9

Population growth (%) Population living below $1.90 a day (%) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)

3.1 64.4 1,680 3,690

2000

2010

2014

6.1 43 6.1 541 22 47 163 57.9 85 57 .. 80 14.3

3.8 56 5.7 262 41 47 82 45.8 96 98 .. 80 13.0

.. 60 5.4 224 49 64 64 40.0 85 81 .. 79 12.4

511

486 0.3 2.0 65 44 631 .. 731

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

2.0 53 41 590 0.2 588

495 0.3 .. 61 43 591 0.2 577

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

3.6 3.9 32.6 18 26 55 24 36 .. 17.5 1.6

20.3 10.3 14.0 10 36 54 37 31 30 13.9 –1.2

27.1 6.0 8.6 10 34 57 41 38 .. .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

35 .. 1.6 1.0 0.2 64.0 0

18 57.8 1.4 41.2 10.0 15.1 1

8 60.0 1.6 67.3 17.3 25.9 2

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

49 100 5.8 21.2 –93 36.3 0.1 795

62 193 4.4 1.9 –124 43.7 1.7 917

71 172 7.4 3.7 –34 58.3 1.5 995

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Zimbabwe Sub-Saharan Africa Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Low income 15.2 391 12.8 25.2

Population growth (%) Population living below $1.90 a day (%) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Prevalence of stunting (% of children under 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)

2.3 .. 840 1,650

2000

2010

2014

.. 42 4.1 590 54 73 106 33.7 75 90 0.9 75 28.4

.. 50 4.0 446 59 66 90 32.3 90 .. .. 86 18.0

.. 57 3.9 443 67 80 71 27.6 92 89 1.0 87 16.7

189

141 2.1 34.3 77 37 758 .. 532

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–10 and 2010–15) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

34.3 79 39 801 1.1 853

156 1.9 .. 78 38 677 0.6 551

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

6.7 –3.1 0.6 18 24 57 38 36 14 .. ..

9.4 11.4 3.7 15 31 55 37 64 24 .. ..

14.2 3.8 1.3 14 29 57 27 52 13 .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Overall level of statistical capacity (scale 0–100) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (% of population) Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

131 .. 5.2 2.1 0.4 52.2 2

86 51.1 1.0 58.9 11.5 .. 1

90 62.2 2.6 80.8 19.9 .. 2

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Personal remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

57 100 3.8 .. –396 .. 23 176

74 114 6.6 .. –308 .. 166 713

51 108 10.6 .. –220 .. 545 758

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Notes a. Data series will be calculated once ongoing revisions to official statistics reported by the National Statistics and Censuses Institute of Argentina have been finalized. b. Data are officially reported statistics by the National Statistics and Censuses Institute of Argentina. On February 1, 2013, the International Monetary Fund (IMF) issued a declaration of censure, and in December 2013 called on Argentina to implement specified actions to address the quality of its official GDP data according to a specified timetable. On June 3, 2015, the IMF Executive Board recognized the material progress in remedying the inaccurate provision of data since 2013, but found that some specified actions called for by the end of February 2015 had not yet been completely implemented. The IMF Executive Board will review this issue again by July 15, 2016. c. Estimates differ from statistics of the government of China, which has published the following estimates for military expenditure: 1.2 percent of GDP in 2000, 1.3 percent in 2010 and 1.3 percent in 2014 (see National Bureau of Statistics of China, www.stats.gov.cn). d. Refers to area free from ice. e. Includes Montenegro. f. Excludes South Sudan. g. Includes South Sudan.

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Glossary Access to improved sanitation facilities refers to the percentage of the population using improved sanitation facilities. The improved sanitation facilities are likely to ensure hygienic separation of human excreta from human contact. The improved sanitation facilities include flush/pour flush (to piped sewer system, septic tank, pit latrine), ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrine, pit latrine with slab, and composting toilet. Data listed for 2014 are for 2015. (WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation) Access to improved water source refers to the percentage of the population using an improved drinking water source. The improved drinking water source includes piped water on premises (piped household water connection located inside the user’s dwelling, plot, or yard), and other improved drinking water sources (public taps or standpipes, tube wells or boreholes, protected dug wells, protected springs, and rainwater collection). Data listed for 2014 are for 2015. (WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation) Births attended by skilled health staff are the percentage of deliveries attended by personnel trained to give the necessary supervision, care, and advice to women during pregnancy, labor, and the postpartum period; to conduct deliveries on their own; and to care for newborns. (United Nations Children’s Fund, and ICF International) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita are emissions stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement divided by midyear population. They include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring. (Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center) Central government cash surplus/deficit is revenue (including grants) minus expense, minus net acquisition of nonfinancial assets. Before 2005, nonfinancial assets were included under revenue and expenditure in gross terms. The concept of cash surplus or deficit is close to the earlier overall budget balance (still missing is lending minus repayments, which is brought into the balance sheet as a financing item under net acquisition of financial assets). (International Monetary Fund) Central government revenue is cash receipts from taxes, social contributions, and other revenues such as fines, fees, rent, and income from property or sales. Grants are also considered revenue but are excluded here. (International Monetary Fund) Child immunization, measles is the percentage of children ages 12–23 months at the time of the survey who received a dose of measles vaccine by age 12 months or at any time before the interview date. A child is considered adequately immunized against measles after receiving one dose of the vaccine. (World Health Organization and United Nations Children’s Fund) Contraceptive prevalence is the percentage of women married or in-union ages 15–49 who are practicing or whose sexual partners are practicing

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Glossary any form of contraception. (United Nations Childrenâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Fund, United Nations Population Division, and ICF International) Deforestation is the permanent conversion of natural forest areas to other uses, including shifting cultivation, permanent agriculture, ranching, settlements, and infrastructure development. Deforested areas do not include areas logged but intended for regeneration or areas degraded by fuelwood gathering, acid precipitation, or forest fires. Negative numbers indicate an increase in forest area. (Food and Agriculture Organization) Domestic credit provided by financial sector is all credit to various sectors on a gross basis, except to the central government, which is net. The financial sector includes monetary authorities, deposit money banks, and other banking institutions for which data are available. (International Monetary Fund) Electricity use per capita is the production of power plants and combined heat and power plants less transmission, distribution, and transformation losses and own use by heat and power plants plus imports less exports, divided by midyear population. (International Energy Agency) Energy use per capita is the use of primary energy before transformation to other end-use fuels, which is equal to indigenous production plus imports and stock changes, minus exports and fuels supplied to ships and aircraft engaged in international transportation, divided by midyear population. (International Energy Agency) Exports of goods and services are the value of all goods and other market services provided to the rest of the world, including the value of merchandise, freight, insurance, transport, travel, royalties, license fees, and other services. Compensation of employees, investment income (formerly called factor services), and transfer payments are excluded. (World Bank, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, and United Nations) Foreign direct investment, net inflows are investments to acquire a lasting management interest in an enterprise operating in an economy other than that of the investor. They are the sum of inflows of equity capital, reinvestment of earnings, other long-term capital, and short-term capital as shown in the balance of payments. Net inflows refer to new investments made during the reporting period netted against disinvestments. (World Bank and International Monetary Fund) Forests are land under natural or planted stands of trees, whether productive or not. Data listed for 2014 are for 2015. (Food and Agriculture Organization) Freshwater use is total freshwater withdrawals for domestic, industrial, and agricultural use, not counting evaporation losses from storage basins. Internal resources refer to internal renewable resources only (flows of rivers and groundwater from rainfall in the country). Withdrawals can exceed 100 percent of internal renewable resources because river flows from other

232

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Glossary countries are not included, because extraction from nonrenewable aquifers or desalination plants is considerable, or because there is significant water reuse. (Food and Agriculture Organization and World Resources Institute) GDP is gross domestic product at purchaser prices. It is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources. (World Bank, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, and United Nations) GDP growth is the one-year rate of growth in real gross domestic product. (World Bank and Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development) GDP implicit price deflator is the one-year rate of price change in the economy as a whole. (World Bank, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, and United Nations) GNI is gross national income. It is calculated as gross domestic product (GDP) plus net receipts of primary income (employee compensation and investment income) from abroad. GDP is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output. (World Bank) GNI per capita is gross national income (GNI) converted to U.S. dollars using the World Bank Atlas method divided by midyear population. GNI is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. GNI, calculated in national currency, is usually converted to U.S. dollars at official exchange rates for comparisons across economies. The World Bank Atlas method is used to smooth fluctuations in prices and exchange rates. It averages the exchange rate for a given year and the two preceding years, adjusted for differences in rates of inflation between the country and the Euro area, Japan, the United Kingdom, and the United States. (World Bank) GNI, PPP is gross national income (GNI) converted to international dollars using purchasing power parities (PPP). An international dollar has the same purchasing power over GNI that a U.S. dollar has in the United States. For most economies PPP figures are extrapolated from the 2011 International Comparison Program (ICP) benchmark estimates or imputed using a statistical model based on the 2011 ICP. For 47 high- and upper middle-income economies conversion factors are provided by Eurostat and the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). (World Bank) GNI per capita, PPP is gross national income (GNI) converted to international dollars using purchasing power parities (PPP), divided by midyear population. An international dollar has the same purchasing power over GNI that a U.S. dollar has in the United States. (World Bank)

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Glossary Gross capital formation is outlays on additions to the fixed assets of the economy plus net changes in the level of inventories. Fixed assets include land improvements (fences, ditches, drains, and so on); plant, machinery, and equipment purchases; and the construction of roads, railways, and the like, including schools, offices, hospitals, private residential dwellings, and commercial and industrial buildings. Inventories are stocks of goods held by firms to meet temporary or unexpected fluctuations in production or sales and work in progress. According to the 1993 System of National Accounts, net acquisitions of valuables are also considered capital formation. (World Bank, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, and United Nations) High-technology exports are products with high research and development intensity, as in aerospace, computers, pharmaceuticals, scientific instruments, and electrical machinery. (United Nations Statistics Division’s Commodity Trade database) HIV prevalence rate is the percentage of people ages 15–49 who are infected with HIV. (Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS) Imports of goods and services are the value of all goods and other market services received from the rest of the world, including the value of merchandise, freight, insurance, transport, travel, royalties, license fees, and other services. Labor and property income (formerly called factor services) and transfer payments are excluded. (World Bank, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, and United Nations) Individuals using the Internet refers to the percentage of individuals who have used the Internet (from any location) in the last 12 months. Internet can be used via a computer, mobile phone, personal digital assistant, games machine, digital TV, etc. (International Telecommunication Union) Labor force participation rate is the proportion of the population ages 15 and older that engages actively in the labor market, by either working or looking for work during a reference period. Data in the tables are modeled estimates. (International Labour Organization Key Indicators of the Labour Market database) Life expectancy at birth is the number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to stay the same throughout its life. (United Nations Population Division, national statistical offices, Eurostat, United Nations Statistical Division, United States Census Bureau, and World Bank) Maternal mortality ratio is the number of women who die from pregnancyrelated causes while pregnant or within 42 days of pregnancy termination per 100,000 live births. The data in the table are estimated with a regression model using information on the proportion of maternal deaths among non-AIDS deaths in women ages 15–49, fertility, birth attendants, and GDP. Data listed for 2014 are for 2015. (World Health Organization, United Nations Children’s Fund, United Nations Population Fund, World Bank Group, and United Nations Population Division)

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2016  The Little Data Book


Glossary Merchandise trade is the sum of merchandise exports and imports measured in current U.S. dollars as a percentage of GDP. (World Trade Organization and World Bank) Military expenditures data from SIPRI are derived from the NATO definition, which includes all current and capital expenditures on the armed forces, including peacekeeping forces; defense ministries and other government agencies engaged in defense projects; paramilitary forces, if these are judged to be trained and equipped for military operations; and military space activities. Such expenditures include military and civil personnel, including retirement pensions of military personnel and social services for personnel; operation and maintenance; procurement; military research and development; and military aid (in the military expenditures of the donor country). Excluded are civil defense and current expenditures for previous military activities, such as for veterans’ benefits, demobilization, conversion, and destruction of weapons. This definition cannot be applied for all countries, however, since that would require much more detailed information than is available about what is included in military budgets and off-budget military expenditure items. (For example, military budgets might or might not cover civil defense, reserves and auxiliary forces, police and paramilitary forces, dual-purpose forces such as military and civilian police, military grants in kind, pensions for military personnel, and social security contributions paid by one part of government to another.) (Stockholm International Peace Research Institute) Mobile cellular subscriptions are subscriptions to a public mobile telephone service using cellular technology, which provide access to the public switched telephone network. Postpaid and prepaid subscriptions are included. (International Telecommunication Union) Net barter terms of trade index is the ratio of the export unit value index to the corresponding import unit value index measured relative to the base year 2000. (United Nations Conference on Trade and Development and International Monetary Fund) Net migration is the total number of immigrants less the total number of emigrants, including both citizens and noncitizens, during the period. Data are five-year estimates. (United Nations Population Division) Net official development assistance received is official development assistance flows (net of repayment of principal) as defined by the Development Assistance Committee (DAC) that are made to countries and territories on the DAC list of aid recipients. (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development) Overall level of statistical capacity is a composite score assessing the capacity of a country’s statistical system. It is based on a diagnostic framework assessing the following areas: methodology, data sources, and periodicity and timeliness. Countries are scored against 25 criteria in these areas, using publicly available information and/or country input. The overall statistical capacity score is then calculated as simple average of all three area scores on a scale of 0–100. Data listed for 2014 are for 2015. (World Bank) The Little Data Book  2016

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Glossary Personal remittances received refers to personal transfers and compensation of employees. They comprise current transfers in cash or kind received by resident households from nonresident households and wages and salaries earned by nonresident workers or resident workers employed by nonresident entities. (International Monetary Fund and World Bank) Population is the midyear estimate of all residents regardless of legal status citizenship, except for refugees not permanently settled in the country of asylum who are generally considered part of the population of their country of origin. (United Nations Population Division, national statistical offices, Eurostat, United Nations Statistical Division, United States Census Bureau, and World Bank) Population living below $1.90 a day is the percentages of the population living on less than $1.90 a day at 2011 international prices. As a result of revisions in purchasing power parities (PPP) exchange rates, poverty rates for individual countries cannot be compared with poverty rates reported in earlier editions. Note that estimates for five countries—Bangladesh, Cabo Verde, Cambodia, Jordan, and Lao PDR—are based on the poverty line of $1.25 a day in 2005 PPP. (World Bank, Development Research Group) Population growth is the exponential growth rate from the previous midyear population. (World Bank) Prevalence of stunting is the percentage of children under age five whose height for age is more than two standard deviations below the median for the international reference population ages 0–59 months. For children up to two years old height is measured by recumbent length. For older children height is measured by stature while standing. The data are based on the WHO’s new child growth standards released in 2006. (World Health Organization) Primary completion rate, total, or gross intake ratio to the last grade of primary education, is the number of new entrants (enrollments minus repeaters) in the last grade of primary education, regardless of age, divided by the population at the entrance age for the last grade of primary education. (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization Institute for Statistics) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school is the ratio of the female to male gross enrollment rate in primary and secondary school. (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization Institute for Statistics) Share of poorest 20% in national consumption or income is the share of total national income or consumption that accrues to the poorest quintile. Data may not be strictly comparable across years within a country due to differences in the types of welfare measures. (World Bank) Starting a business is the number of calendar days needed to complete the procedures to legally operate a business. If a procedure can be expedited at additional cost, the fastest procedure, independent of cost, is chosen. Data listed for 2014 are for June 2015. (World Bank)

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Glossary Surface area is a country’s total area, including areas under inland bodies of water and some coastal waterways. (Food and Agriculture Organization) Total debt service is the sum of principal repayments and interest actually paid on long-term debt (public and publicly guaranteed and private nonguaranteed); interest paid on short-term debt; and repayments (repurchases and charges) to the International Monetary Fund, expressed as a percentage of exports of goods and services and primary income. Exports of goods and services and primary income are the total value of exports of goods and services, receipts of compensation of nonresident workers, and investment income from abroad. (World Bank and International Monetary Fund) Total external debt stocks are debt owed to nonresident creditors and repayable in foreign currencies, goods, or services by public and private entities in the country. They are the sum of long-term external debt, shortterm debt, and use of International Monetary Fund credit. Debt repayable in domestic currency is excluded. (World Bank) Total fertility rate is the number of children that would be born to a woman if she were to live to the end of her childbearing years and bear children in accordance with age-specific fertility rates of the specified year. (United Nations Population Division, national statistical offices, Eurostat, United Nations Statistical Division, United States Census Bureau, and World Bank) Under-five mortality rate is the probability per 1,000 that a newborn baby will die before age five if subject to age-specific mortality rates of the specified year. Data listed for 2014 are for 2015. (United Nations Inter-agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation) Value added in agriculture is the net output of agriculture (International Standard Industrial Classification divisions 1–5 including forestry and fishing) after totaling outputs and subtracting intermediate outputs. (World Bank, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, and United Nations) Value added in industry is the net output of industry (International Standard Industrial Classification divisions 10–45, which includes mining, manufacturing, construction, electricity, water, and gas) after totaling outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. (World Bank, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, and United Nations) Value added in services is the net output of services (International Standard Industrial Classification divisions 50–99) after totaling outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. This sector is derived as a residual and may not properly reflect the sum of services outputs, including banking and financial services. (World Bank, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, and United Nations)

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The Little Data Book 2016  

The Little Data Book 2016 is a pocket edition of World Development Indicators 2015. It is intended as a quick reference for users of the Wor...

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