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THE LITTLE DATA BOOK ON PRIVATE SECTOR DEVELOPMENT


© 2015 International Bank for Reconstruction and Development / The World Bank 1818 H Street NW, Washington, DC 20433 Telephone: 202-473-1000; Internet: www.worldbank.org Some rights reserved 1 2 3 4 18 17 16 15 This work is a product of the staff of The World Bank with external contributions. The findings, interpretations, and conclusions expressed in this work do not necessarily reflect the views of The World Bank, its Board of Executive Directors, or the governments they represent. The World Bank does not guarantee the accuracy of the data included in this work. The boundaries, colors, denominations, and other information shown on any map in this work do not imply any judgment on the part of The World Bank concerning the legal status of any territory or the endorsement or acceptance of such boundaries. Nothing herein shall constitute or be considered to be a limitation upon or waiver of the privileges and immunities of The World Bank, all of which are specifically reserved. Rights and Permissions

This work is available under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 IGO license (CC BY 3.0 IGO) http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo. Under the Creative Commons Attribution license, you are free to copy, distribute, transmit, and adapt this work, including for commercial purposes, under the following conditions: Attribution—Please cite the work as follows: World Bank. 2015. The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development 2015. Washington, DC: World Bank. doi:10.1596/978-14648-0562-2. License: Creative Commons Attribution CC BY 3.0 IGO Translations—If you create a translation of this work, please add the following disclaimer along with the attribution: This translation was not created by The World Bank and should not be considered an official World Bank translation. The World Bank shall not be liable for any content or error in this translation. Adaptations—If you create an adaptation of this work, please add the following disclaimer along with the attribution: This is an adaptation of an original work by The World Bank. Views and opinions expressed in the adaptation are the sole responsibility of the author or authors of the adaptation and are not endorsed by The World Bank. Third-party content—The World Bank does not necessarily own each component of the content contained within the work. The World Bank therefore does not warrant that the use of any third-party-owned individual component or part contained in the work will not infringe on the rights of those third parties. The risk of claims resulting from such infringement rests solely with you. If you wish to re-use a component of the work, it is your responsibility to determine whether permission is needed for that re-use and to obtain permission from the copyright owner. Examples of components can include, but are not limited to, tables, figures, or images. All queries on rights and licenses should be addressed to the Publishing and Knowledge Division, The World Bank, 1818 H Street NW, Washington, DC 20433, USA; fax: 202-522-2625; e-mail: pubrights@worldbank.org. ISBN (paper): 978-1-4648-0562-2 ISBN (electronic): 978-1-4648-0563-9 DOI: 10.1596/978-1-4648-0562-2 Cover design: Communications Development Incorporated, Washington, DC.


Contents Acknowledgments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . iv Preface. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .v Data notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . vi

Regional tables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 World . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 East Asia and Pacific . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Europe and Central Asia. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Latin America and the Caribbean . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Middle East and North Africa . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 South Asia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Sub-Saharan Africa . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8

Income group tables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Low income. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Middle income. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 Lower middle income . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Upper middle income . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Low and middle income . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 High income . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Euro area . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16

Country tables (in alphabetical order) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17

Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 232

Glossary. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 233

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Acknowledgments The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development 2015 is based on World Development Indicators 2015 and its accompanying online tables, with a focus on the private sector in development. The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development 2015 is the result of close collaboration between the staff of the World Bank’s Development Data Group of the Development Economics Vice Presidency and the Trade and Competitiveness Global Practice. The Development Data Group team included Liu Cui, Federico Escaler, Buyant Erdene Khaltarkhuu, William Prince, and Jomo Tariku. The Trade and Competitiveness team included Ramin Aliyev, Jenny Datoo, Nathalie David, and Patricia Ellen Steele. The work was carried out under the management of Haishan Fu, director of the Development Data Group, and Klaus Tilmes, director of the Trade and Competitiveness Global Practice. Azita Amjadi and Leila Rafei coordinated all stages of production. Barton Matheson Willse & Worthington typeset the book. Nora Ridolfi, Paola Scalabrin, and Janice Tuten from World Bank’s Publishing and Knowledge Division oversaw publication and dissemination of the book.

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Preface Reliable cross-country data on aspects of private sector development are crucial in planning for economic recovery and growth. In targeting increased exports and investment, many governments prioritize an improved climate for business as a basis to attract capital, create jobs, and provide basic services. The availability of cross-country data on the business environment has rapidly expanded in recent years, including data from the World Bank Group’s Doing Business project, Enterprise Surveys, and the Entrepreneurship Snapshots. The data sources presented in this book report on the scope and types of regulations that enhance—and constrain—business activity, and they provide information on how business owners assess their business environments. The data have led to new research, enabled benchmarking, and informed the reform process in many developing countries. Please visit the Business Environment Snapshots (http://rru.worldbank.org/besnapshots/) for more information. Included in this guide are indicators on the economic and social context, the business environment, private sector investment, finance and banking, and infrastructure. Though a pocket guide cannot include all relevant variables, the included indicators provide users with a general understanding of the private sector in each country. Indicators displayed in the tables are defined in the glossary, which also lists data sources. We welcome your suggestions on how to improve future editions and make them more useful.

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Data notes The data in this book are for 2005 and 2013 or the most recent year unless otherwise noted in the table or the glossary. • Growth rates are proportional changes from the previous year unless otherwise noted. • Regional aggregates include data for low- and middle-income economies only. • Figures in italics indicate data for years or periods other than those specified.

Symbols used: ..

indicates that data are not available or that aggregates cannot be calculated because of missing data.

0 or 0.0

indicates zero or small enough that the number would round to zero at the displayed number of decimal places.

$

indicates current U.S. dollars.

Lettered notes on some country tables can be found in the notes on page 232. Data are shown for economies with populations greater than 30,000 or for smaller economies if they are members of the World Bank. The term country (used interchangeably with economy) does not imply political independence or official recognition by the World Bank but refers to any economy for which the authorities report separate social or economic statistics. The cutoff date for data is March 1, 2015.

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Regional tables The country composition of regions is based on the World Bank’s analytical regions and may differ from common geographic usage. East Asia and Pacific American Samoa, Cambodia, China, Fiji, Indonesia, Kiribati, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Malaysia, Marshall Islands, Federated States of Micronesia, Mongolia, Myanmar, Palau, Papua New Guinea, the Philippines, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Thailand, Timor-Leste, Tonga, Tuvalu, Vanuatu, Vietnam Europe and Central Asia Albania, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Georgia, Hungary, Kazakhstan, Kosovo, Kyrgyz Republic, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Moldova, Montenegro, Romania, Serbia, Tajikistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan Latin America and the Caribbean Argentina, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Grenada, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and the Grenadines, Suriname, República Bolivariana de Venezuela Middle East and North Africa Algeria, Djibouti, Arab Republic of Egypt, Islamic Republic of Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, Syrian Arab Republic, Tunisia, West Bank and Gaza, Republic of Yemen South Asia Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka Sub-Saharan Africa Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cabo Verde, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros, Democratic Republic of Congo, Republic of Congo, Côte d’Ivoire, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, The Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, São Tomé and Príncipe, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Africa, South Sudan, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

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World 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%)

2

2015

2013

6,489.9 7,125.1 3,011.3 3,314.9 6.1 6.0 7,303 10,683 2.9 1.9 3.4 3.1 28.3 26.9 17.2 16.1 68.3 70.1       27.2 29.9 27.0 29.7    

50 10 330 28 2.9 ..                    

.. 2.9 23.2 ..

.. 80.4 9.2 3.9 129.5 6.6  

22 7 264 22 2.6 16.3   3.8                

.. 2.3 22.0 ..

.. 75.2 10.0 4.3 128.4 6.0  

24,229 31,117 376,268 651,099 2,664 3,045   33.9 93.1 15.8 38.1

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


East Asia & Pacific 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

1,892.7 2,005.8 1,051.2 1,126.5 4.7 4.5 1,629 5,536 8.4 8.5 12.2 10.8 46.3 43.2 31.3 30.1 41.5 46.0       43.1 32.5 38.0 30.3    

Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

57 9 309 27 3.2 ..                    

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

35 8 221 22 2.9 18.0   1.3                

92,997 107,154 4.5 3.6 36.2 42.4 .. ..  

Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%)

2013

.. 50.1 .. .. 99.6 5.5  

.. 51.0 .. .. 128.7 5.2  

2,220 4,948 96,232 228,853 1,471 2,582   28.1 95.5 8.3 39.5 2015

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Europe & Central Asia 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%)

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2015

259.8 109.4 10.0 3,510 5.8 10.3 31.2 19.2 58.5   35.2 39.5  

39 10 477 38 2.9 ..                    

2013 272.4 120.5 9.7 7,114 2.8 8.2 30.2 17.2 61.6   40.5 44.5  

11 5 257 27 2.4 11.5   2.2                

27,260 101,549 4.9 2.2 22.7 21.2 18.9 18.5   .. 33.3 13.7 3.2 27.2   8.2  

412 .. 2,604 49.5 12.0

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

.. 44.7 13.2 11.6 56.6 5.9  

957 .. 2,954 111.8 45.9


Latin America & Caribbean 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

535.5 245.0 8.0 4,389 2.5 5.5 33.5 17.6 60.9   23.5 21.9  

Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

85 11 462 23 3.4 ..                    

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

588.0 284.8 6.1 9,542 3.2 5.3 30.5 15.4 64.2   22.5 24.4  

34 9 410 18 3.0 20.3   2.4                

135,286 404,343 2.6 3.3 18.6 20.1 15.3 16.5  

Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%)

2013

.. 29.6 11.1 3.5 22.9 8.0  

.. 40.9 10.3 2.3 46.7 8.0  

1,480 2,335 20,073 40,626 1,665 1,985   42.1 114.1 16.0 45.8 2015

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Middle East & North Africa 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%)

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2015

300.8 95.3 12.9 1,998 4.5 10.6 43.1 12.9 46.4   39.3 34.4  

36 10 281 30 3.0 ..                    

2013 345.4 112.0 12.7 .. 3.2 .. .. .. ..   .. ..  

20 8 302 24 3.0 16.3   0.5                

13,435 39,824 2.8 1.6 22.9 .. 14.1 ..   .. 50.1 .. .. 30.4   5.0  

.. 42.9 8.0 7.0 25.4 4.4  

361 529 10,615 18,399 1,328 1,696   22.4 100.8 8.5 34.1

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


South Asia 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

1,499.0 1,670.8 609.8 656.3 4.7 3.9 700 1,483 6.3 6.8 19.2 18.6 27.9 29.4 15.8 16.8 52.9 52.0       19.1 23.2 22.7 27.5    

Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

38 8 305 36 2.7 ..                    

16 8 325 33 2.6 17.9   0.3                

44,944 307,474 1.0 1.4 28.3 27.7 21.5 20.6  

Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

61.2 50.7 6.6 9.3 37.7 6.2  

Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%) The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2013

420 9,933 424 7.8 2.5 2015

50.6 60.0 7.8 5.6 46.7 4.8  

854 19,173 605 71.5 13.7

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Sub-Saharan Africa 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%)

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2015

756.4 291.8 7.7 791 5.3 17.0 32.0 12.3 50.4   31.4 31.3  

60 11 340 39 3.1 ..                    

2013 936.3 368.7 7.7 1,686 4.2 14.3 27.8 11.0 57.5   29.6 32.9  

25 8 307 31 3.1 18.0   2.1                

24,617 75,835 2.8 2.3 16.6 20.5 13.3 13.8   .. 32.7 .. .. 62.8   11.7  

380 .. 544 12.0 2.1

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

.. 33.0 .. .. 48.1 8.6  

625 .. 535 66.0 16.9


Income group tables For operational and analytical purposes the World Bank’s main criterion for classifying economies is gross national income (GNI) per capita. Every economy in The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development is classified as low income, middle income, or high income. Low- and middle-income economies are sometimes referred to as developing economies. The use of the term is convenient; it is not intended to imply that all economies in the group are experiencing similar development or that other economies have reached a preferred or final stage of development. Classification by income does not necessarily reflect development status. Low-income economies are those with a GNI per capita of $1,045 or less in 2013. Middle-income economies are those with a GNI per capita of more than $1,045 but less than $12,746. Lower-middle-income and upper-middle income economies are separated at a GNI per capita of $4,125. High-income economies are those with a GNI per capita of $12,746 or more. Euro area includes the member states of the Economic and Monetary Union of the European Union that have adopted the euro as their currency: Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Portugal, Slovak Republic, Slovenia, and Spain.

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2015

9


Low income 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%)

10

2015

713.4 317.6 4.9 342 4.7 28.3 22.9 12.5 48.8   22.0 33.5  

62 11 292 45 3.5 ..                    

2013 848.7 390.8 5.1 728 6.0 26.2 23.4 12.1 50.6   22.0 35.9  

29 8 265 35 3.4 19.2   0.3                

4,640 30,934 2.0 3.8 21.4 25.2 15.2 ..   .. 26.9 .. .. 19.8   11.3  

157 .. 197 4.5 0.8

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

.. 37.6 .. .. 27.6 10.7  

385 .. 219 54.6 7.1


Middle income 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

4,530.8 4,970.0 2,084.9 2,277.9 6.1 5.6 1,843 4,754 5.5 5.7 10.9 10.0 38.1 35.6 22.2 21.5 51.0 54.5       33.1 29.5 31.1 30.4    

Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

56 10 395 29 3.0 ..                    

24 7 319 23 2.7 16.7   2.2                

365,517 1,098,489 3.4 3.0 26.9 30.1 .. ..  

Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%)

2013

.. 41.5 9.8 6.5 55.6 7.4  

.. 46.8 10.4 4.1 85.8 6.4  

5,115 9,864 139,132 325,164 1,237 1,816   24.9 92.3 7.7 32.7 2015

11


Lower middle income 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%)

12

2015

2013

2,266.3 2,561.1 913.0 1,014.0 6.4 5.3 887 2,074 5.9 5.8 17.9 17.0 32.8 32.1 17.5 17.1 49.1 51.1       28.6 27.1 30.7 31.2    

53 10 417 32 3.2 ..                    

22 7 315 25 2.9 15.9   1.1                

93,090 402,668 2.4 2.1 24.7 25.5 19.6 18.8   .. 44.2 9.8 8.5 33.3   9.2  

.. 47.1 10.3 4.5 41.5 7.1  

1,231 2,437 27,448 62,268 563 736   13.7 85.2 4.0 21.2

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Upper middle income 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2,264.5 2,408.9 1,171.9 1,264.0 5.9 5.9 2,800 7,604 5.4 5.7 8.6 7.6 39.8 36.7 23.8 23.0 51.6 55.6       34.5 30.3 31.2 30.1    

Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

60 9 374 26 2.9 ..                    

26 7 323 20 2.6 17.5   3.0                

265,905 426,038 3.7 3.3 27.5 31.6 .. ..  

Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%)

2013

.. 40.7 9.7 4.3 62.3 6.5  

.. 48.0 10.7 3.6 98.0 6.0  

3,884 7,427 111,684 262,896 1,902 2,932   36.1 99.8 11.3 44.8 2015

13


Low & middle income 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%)

14

2015

2013

5,244.2 5,818.7 2,402.5 2,668.8 6.0 5.5 1,639 4,168 5.5 5.7 11.3 10.4 37.7 35.3 22.0 21.3 50.9 54.4       32.9 29.3 31.2 30.5    

58 10 371 33 3.1 ..                    

25 7 306 26 2.9 17.3   1.9                

313,205 1,008,068 3.4 3.0 26.7 29.9 .. ..   .. 41.2 .. 6.6 54.7   7.9  

.. 46.6 10.6 4.5 84.7 6.6  

5,272 10,249 139,941 329,497 1,129 1,646   22.2 86.9 6.8 29.1

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


High income 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

1,245.7 1,306.4 608.8 646.1 6.8 7.7 31,146 39,812 2.3 0.9 1.5 1.5 26.2 24.8 16.1 15.0 72.3 73.7       25.9 30.0 26.0 29.6    

Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

30 8 220 13 2.3 ..                    

15 6 166 12 2.0 14.1   7.5                

.. 2.8 22.4 ..

Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%)

2013

43.9 90.5 7.0 1.8 147.4 4.0  

.. 2.0 20.3 ..

65.9 90.3 8.2 3.2 150.9 ..  

18,957 20,868 236,327 321,602 8,878 8,906   83.4 121.0 53.8 78.2 2015

15


Euro area 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%)

16

2015

2013

329.5 337.3 156.1 162.5 9.0 12.1 32,422 39,350 1.5 0.0 1.8 1.8 26.5 24.6 17.7 16.2 71.7 73.7       36.1 42.7 34.6 39.3    

29 8 224 13 1.8 ..                    

.. 4.2 22.0 ..

48.9 82.4 6.6 1.8 105.6 3.8  

4,159 60,341 6,781 97.9 51.2

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

11 5 165 11 1.9 13.7   6.6                

.. 1.9 19.5 ..

73.2 104.8 7.5 7.9 119.0 ..  

4,139 87,653 6,599 122.8 75.8


Country tables China Data for China do not include data for Hong Kong SAR, China; Macao SAR, China; or Taiwan, China. Cyprus GNI and GDP data and data calculated using GNI and GDP refer to the area controlled by the government of Cyprus. Georgia GNI, GDP, and population data and data calculated using GNI, GDP, and population exclude Abkhazia and South Ossetia. Kosovo, Montenegro, and Serbia Montenegro declared independence from Serbia and Montenegro on June 3, 2006. Where available, data for each country are shown separately. However, some indicators for Serbia prior to 2006 include data for Montenegro. Moreover, data for most indicators for Serbia from 1999 onward exclude data for Kosovo, which in 1999 became a territory under international administration pursuant to UN Security Council Resolution 1244 (1999). Kosovo became a member of the World Bank on June 29, 2009, and its data are shown where available. Moldova GNI, GDP, and population data and data calculated using GNI, GDP, and population exclude Transnistria. Morocco GNI and GDP data and data calculated using GNI and GDP include Former Spanish Sahara. South Sudan and Sudan South Sudan declared its independence on July 9, 2011. Data are shown separately for South Sudan where available. Data reported for Sudan include South Sudan to 2011 unless otherwise noted. Tanzania GNI and GDP data and data calculated using GNI and GDP refer to mainland Tanzania only. For more information, see World Development Indicators 2015 or data.worldbank.org.

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2015

17


Afghanistan South Asia

Low income Lowincome group 2013 2013

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%)

18

2015

24.9 6.0 8.5 250 6.2 31.8 27.4 16.9 40.9

30.6 7.8 8.0 690 10.2 24.0 21.2 12.1 54.8

12.7 49.6

7.6 55.4

849 391 5.1 728 6.0 26.2 23.4 12.1 50.6

27.4

6.3

22.0

77.5

49.1

35.9

..

183

9 4 275 67 2.0 .. 2.5

7 3 275 86 2.0 0.0 2.3

29 8 265 35 3.4 19.2

0.2 .. .. .. .. .. ..

0.2 9.8 34.0 41.5 3.9 111.3 22.1

0.3

  468 4.3 21.6

    1,217 30,934 0.3 3.8 17.7 25.2

..

..

..

  .. 9.0 .. .. 4.8 10.1

  .. 17.6 7.8 4.9 4.2 10.7

.. 37.6 .. .. 27.6

..

..

10.7

  .. ..

  12 ..

385 ..

.. ..

.. 11.5

219

4.8

70.7

54.6

1.2

5.9

7.1

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Albania Europe & Central Asia

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2013 2013

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

3.0 1.3 12.5 2,690 5.3 22.8 21.5 10.1 55.7 2.4 99.9 22.3 46.3

Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms)

.. 40 11 364 21 2.0 .. 1.2 0.6 9.9 82.0 52.6 28.4 25.6 19.8  

Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

893 3.1 23.6 19.0

Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%)

.. 50.8 6.6 2.3 14.9 9.3 8.0

4 33 1,722 33.9 47.9 6.0

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2015

2.9 1.3 16.0 4,510 3.7 22.2 15.3 8.9 62.5 1.9 105.7 35.1 52.9

68 5 5 357 19 2.0 9.5 1.9 0.9 6.7 18.4 40.2 23.1 9.2 18.8  

2,409 1,264 5.9 7,604 5.7 7.6 36.7 23.0 55.6

30.3 30.1

26 7 323 20 2.6 17.5 3.0

1,913 426,038 9.7 3.3 26.2 31.6 20.7 .. .. 69.6 9.3 23.5 37.6 8.9 5.7  

.. 48.0 10.7 3.6 98.0 6.0

11 7,427 107 262,896 2,195 2,932 4.2 116.2 99.8 60.1 44.8

19


Algeria Middle East & North Africa

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2013 2013

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%)

20

2015

34.0 10.4 15.3 2,660 5.6 8.0 59.7 .. 32.3 1.4 73.3 47.2 24.1

.. 24 13 451 15 2.5 .. 10.4 0.5 25.1 15.0 66.8 28.6 49.1 5.0  

4,912 1.1 22.4 ..

.. 37.8 .. .. 12.0 –7.0 6.1

46 200 869 3.3 40.2 5.8

39.2 12.4 9.8 5,330 2.7 10.5 47.6 .. 41.9 3.3 79.4 33.1 30.3

154 22 13 451 17 2.5 6.6 13.9 0.5 .. .. .. .. .. ..  

2,409 1,264 5.9 7,604 5.7 7.6 36.7 23.0 55.6

30.3 30.1

26 7 323 20 2.6 17.5 3.0

7,583 426,038 0.8 3.3 33.8 31.6 .. .. .. 43.3 7.9 10.6 16.7 5.4 6.3  

.. 48.0 10.7 3.6 98.0 6.0

57 7,427 343 262,896 1,091 2,932 .. 100.8 99.8 16.5 44.8

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


American Samoa East Asia & Pacific

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2013 2013

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

0.06 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

0.06 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

30.3 30.1

Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms)

Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%)

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..   .. .. .. ..   .. .. .. .. .. .. ..  

.. .. .. .. 3.8 .. 2015

2,409 1,264 5.9 7,604 5.7 7.6 36.7 23.0 55.6

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..  

26 7 323 20 2.6 17.5 3.0

.. 426,038 .. 3.3 .. 31.6 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..  

.. 48.0 10.7 3.6 98.0 6.0

4 7,427 .. 262,896 .. 2,932 .. .. 99.8 .. 44.8

21


Andorra High income Highincome group 2013 2013

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

0.08 .. .. 31,310 7.1 .. .. .. .. .. 0.8 .. ..

Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms)

Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%)

22

2015

0.08 1,306 .. 646 .. 7.7 .. 39,812 .. 0.9 .. 1.5 .. 24.8 .. 15.0 .. 73.7 .. .. .. 30.0 .. 29.6

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..  

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..  

.. .. .. ..   .. .. .. .. .. .. ..  

.. .. .. .. 79.5

37.6

.. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

15 6 166 12 2.0 14.1 7.5

.. 2.0 20.3 ..

65.9 90.3 8.2 3.2 150.9 ..

.. 20,868 .. 321,602 .. 8,906 .. 80.7 121.0 78.2 94.0

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Angola Sub-Saharan Africa

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2013 2013

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

16.5 6.1 6.8 1,270 10.1 8.5 67.1 4.1 24.4 23.0 87.2 86.0 53.6

Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%) The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

.. 83 12 272 64 .. .. .. .. 7.1 14.8 77.7 2.3 60.2 5.0  

324 –4.6 8.8 3.3

.. 13.4 9.0 13.3 5.6 32.3 54.3

5 .. 128 6.5 9.7 1.1 2015

21.5 7.9 6.8 5,170 6.8 10.1 57.8 7.2 32.1 8.8 96.5 55.8 40.7

181 66 8 282 40 .. 25.3 .. .. 12.2 34.2 41.3 13.4 7.7 21.6  

2,409 1,264 5.9 7,604 5.7 7.6 36.7 23.0 55.6

30.3 30.1

26 7 323 20 2.6 17.5 3.0

2,133 426,038 –5.7 3.3 14.7 31.6 2.7 .. .. 34.2 .. .. 23.5 13.6 12.7  

.. 48.0 10.7 3.6 98.0 6.0

15 7,427 913 262,896 248 2,932 4.7 61.9 99.8 19.1 44.8

23


Antigua and Barbuda High income Highincome group 2013 2013

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%)

24

2015

0.08 0.09 1,306 .. .. 646 .. .. 7.7 11,920 13,050 39,812 3.8 –2.7 0.9 2.1 2.3 1.5 17.1 18.1 24.8 2.1 3.0 15.0 80.8 79.7 73.7 2.1 1.1 2.7 2.7 54.7 44.1 30.0 68.5 59.5 29.6  

.. 25 8 184 13 3.0 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..  

.. 22.2 27.6 ..   .. 92.0 .. .. 61.9 6.4 7.5  

27 34 .. .. 104.2 27.0

89 21 8 207 16 3.0 26.0 .. .. 4.5 6.1 78.1 46.3 6.7 3.7  

6 11.2 23.2 ..

.. 92.9 .. .. 67.7 10.3 6.9

15 6 166 12 2.0 14.1 7.5

.. 2.0 20.3 ..

65.9 90.3 8.2 3.2 150.9 ..

31 20,868 30 321,602 .. 8,906 2.8 127.1 121.0 63.4 78.2

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Argentina Latin America & Caribbean

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2013 2013

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

38.6 17.7 10.6 5,060 2.2 8.4 34.7 21.9 56.9 .. 2.9 20.9 15.9

Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms)

.. 30 13 453 16 2.8 .. 14.2 0.6 14.1 4.3 56.1 28.7 46.2 26.9  

41.4 19.1 7.5 ..a ..b 7.0 28.5 15.3 64.6 .. 5.5 14.5 14.8

124 25 14 405 12 2.8 0.0 12.4 0.5 20.8 8.7 68.2 33.3 54.2 18.2  

2,409 1,264 5.9 7,604 5.7 7.6 36.7 23.0 55.6

30.3 30.1

26 7 323 20 2.6 17.5 3.0

Private sector investment     Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) 10,659 21,003 426,038 2.4 1.9 3.3 Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) 18.3 17.0 31.6 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) .. .. .. Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)     Finance and banking       .. .. .. Government debt (% of GDP) 19.0 19.5 48.0 Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) 12.1 12.1 10.7 Bank capital to asset ratio (%) 7.6 1.7 3.6 Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) 9.6 15.8 98.0 Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) –4.0 –0.9 Real interest rate (%) 2.4 2.3 6.0 Interest rate spread (percentage points)     Infrastructure       81 96 7,427 Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) 1,490 2,143 262,896 Port container traffic (thousand TEU) 2,424 2,967 2,932 Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) 0.5 1.9 Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) 57.3 162.5 99.8 Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) 17.7 59.9 44.8 Individuals using the Internet (%) The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2015

25


Armenia Europe & Central Asia

Lower middle income Lower middleincome Country data group 2005 2013 2013

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%)

26

2015

3.0 1.4 27.8 1,520 12.3 20.9 45.3 14.8 33.8 0.6 457.7 28.8 43.2

.. 18 9 580 37 1.9 .. 2.3 1.1 3.1 70.5 .. 46.3 2.5 6.3  

454 6.0 29.8 26.8

.. 9.8 21.5 1.9 8.0 14.3 12.2

6 .. 1,505 .. 10.5 5.3

3.0 1.5 16.2 3,800 1.8 21.9 31.5 11.4 46.6 5.8 409.6 27.0 48.0

45 3 2 321 16 1.9 19.5 3.2 1.5 12.2 4.6 12.8 39.2 4.8 23.6  

2,561 1,014 5.3 2,074 5.8 17.0 32.1 17.1 51.1

27.1 31.2

22 7 315 25 2.9 15.9 1.1

2,089 402,668 3.5 2.1 20.9 25.5 18.7 18.8 .. 27.1 15.6 4.5 45.2 12.4 5.8  

.. 47.1 10.3 4.5 41.5 7.1

1 2,437 .. 62,268 1,755 736 0.3 112.4 85.2 46.3 21.2

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Aruba High income Highincome group 2013 2013

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

0.10 .. .. .. 2.0 0.4 20.6 4.0 78.9 3.4 1.8 68.5 77.9

Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms)

Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..  

.. –8.9 35.0 ..   .. 54.3 .. .. 54.7 7.0 7.6  

Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%)

.. 135 .. .. 103.4 25.4

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2015

0.10 1,306 .. 646 .. 7.7 .. 39,812 .. 0.9 0.5 1.5 16.3 24.8 4.7 15.0 83.2 73.7 –2.4 1.8 70.8 30.0 86.4 29.6

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..  

.. 18.9 .. ..

.. 64.3 .. .. 57.4 .. 7.1

15 6 166 12 2.0 14.1 7.5

.. 2.0 20.3 ..

65.9 90.3 8.2 3.2 150.9 ..

.. 20,868 159 321,602 .. 8,906 .. 134.9 121.0 78.9 78.2

27


Australia High income Highincome group 2013 2013

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

20.4 23.1 1,306 10.6 12.2 646 5.0 5.7 7.7 30,320 65,400 39,812 3.4 2.7 0.9 3.2 2.4 1.5 26.8 26.8 24.8 11.3 7.1 15.0 70.1 70.7 73.7 2.7 2.4 1.3 1.0 18.1 19.9 30.0 20.8 21.1 29.6  

.. 3 3 107 9 1.0 .. 122.0 8.9 .. .. .. .. .. ..  

.. –3.6 27.0 ..   22.5 75.4 6.9 0.6 108.8 5.2 5.2  

10 3 3 105 9 1.0 26.1 185.0 12.2 .. .. .. .. .. ..  

.. 3.3 28.3 ..

40.5 91.5 5.6 1.4 126.1 6.5 2.9

15 6 166 12 2.0 14.1 7.5

.. 2.0 20.3 ..

65.9 90.3 8.2 3.2 150.9 ..

Infrastructure     343 664 20,868 Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) 5,191 7,313 321,602 Port container traffic (thousand TEU) 10,458 10,712 8,906 Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) .. .. Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) 89.8 106.8 121.0 Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) 63.0 83.0 78.2 Individuals using the Internet (%)

28

2015

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Austria High income Highincome group 2013 2013

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

8.2 8.5 1,306 4.1 4.4 646 5.2 4.9 7.7 38,500 50,390 39,812 1.7 0.9 0.9 1.4 1.4 1.5 30.4 28.2 24.8 19.7 18.5 15.0 68.2 70.3 73.7 2.3 2.0 0.8 0.8 48.6 53.5 30.0 45.5 49.9 29.6  

Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%)

.. 25 8 170 11 1.1 .. 3.6 0.6 .. .. .. .. .. ..  

.. 25.8 23.1 ..   65.4 86.4 5.2 2.6 112.1 .. ..  

142 366 7,978 .. 105.2 58.0

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2015

21 22 8 166 10 1.1 15.4 2.8 0.5 .. .. .. .. .. ..  

.. 3.6 22.2 ..

78.5 92.4 8.0 2.9 112.1 .. ..

15 6 166 12 2.0 14.1 7.5

.. 2.0 20.3 ..

65.9 90.3 8.2 3.2 150.9 ..

166 20,868 430 321,602 8,388 8,906 .. 156.2 121.0 80.6 78.2

29


Azerbaijan Europe & Central Asia

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2013 2013

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%)

30

2015

8.4 4.0 7.3 1,270 12.7 9.9 63.6 7.0 26.5 9.7 0.9 62.9 52.9

.. 113 13 756 34 1.5 .. .. .. 5.2 68.4 .. 0.4 2.0 10.3  

731 33.8 41.3 37.5

.. 10.0 .. 7.2 9.5 0.8 8.5

12 .. 2,388 .. 26.2 8.0

9.4 4.8 5.5 7,350 6.8 5.7 62.1 4.5 32.3 2.4 0.8 48.7 26.9

80 5 3 195 27 1.5 12.9 4.7 0.7 0.2 11.8 18.4 15.9 4.3 12.8  

2,409 1,264 5.9 7,604 5.7 7.6 36.7 23.0 55.6

30.3 30.1

26 7 323 20 2.6 17.5 3.0

1,602 426,038 3.6 3.3 24.6 31.6 .. .. 6.4 13.9 .. 4.5 25.5 17.0 8.3  

.. 48.0 10.7 3.6 98.0 6.0

16 7,427 .. 262,896 1,705 2,932 0.5 107.6 99.8 58.7 44.8

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Bahamas, The High income Highincome group 2013 2013

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

0.33 0.38 1,306 0.18 0.22 646 10.2 13.6 7.7 23,680 21,570 39,812 1.3 –0.3 0.9 2.2 2.0 1.5 15.4 18.3 24.8 4.5 4.3 15.0 82.4 79.7 73.7 1.6 0.4 1.0 1.0 45.2 42.0 30.0 48.0 55.8 29.6  

Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms)

.. 31 7 58 16 3.0 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..  

Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

.. 7.3 24.2 ..   30.0 58.3 .. 4.4 64.3 0.5 2.3  

Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%)

33 1,212 .. .. 69.2 25.0

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2015

97 24 7 58 19 3.0 0.0 .. .. 3.9 10.9 67.5 28.5 14.8 31.1  

.. 4.5 26.3 ..

47.5 72.1 .. .. 77.4 2.9 3.1

15 6 166 12 2.0 14.1 7.5

.. 2.0 20.3 ..

65.9 90.3 8.2 3.2 150.9 ..

31 20,868 1,379 321,602 .. 8,906 2.2 76.1 121.0 72.0 78.2

31


Bahrain High income Highincome group 2013 2013

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%)

32

2015

0.88 1.3 1,306 0.42 0.74 646 8.8 7.4 7.7 16,730 19,700 39,812 5.3 4.2 0.9 .. .. 1.5 .. .. 24.8 .. .. 15.0 .. .. 73.7 2.6 3.2 0.4 0.4 83.9 74.3 30.0 64.4 47.9 29.6  

.. 9 7 60 14 2.5 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..  

53 9 7 60 11 2.5 0.0 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..  

.. 6.6 25.7 ..   7.5 54.4 .. .. 43.7 –5.2 4.7  

.. 3.0 19.2 ..

35.6 70.3 .. 5.6 68.9 4.4 4.9

15 6 166 12 2.0 14.1 7.5

.. 2.0 20.3 ..

65.9 90.3 8.2 3.2 150.9 ..

32 54 20,868 239 355 321,602 9,614 10,018 8,906 .. .. 87.2 165.9 121.0 21.3 90.0 78.2

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Bangladesh South Asia

Low income Lowincome group 2013 2013

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

143.1 66.5 4.3 470 5.4 20.1 27.2 16.5 52.6 7.0 61.5 16.6 23.0

Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

.. 52 9 400 39 4.0 .. 5.2 0.1 3.2 54.4 46.6 43.1 50.3 7.8  

1,796 1.3 24.5 18.3

Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%)

36.2 39.8 4.7 13.2 33.8 8.5 5.9

7 809 171 100.7 6.3 0.2

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2015

156.6 77.6 4.3 1,010 6.0 16.3 27.6 17.3 56.1 7.5 79.9 19.5 26.8

173 20 9 302 28 4.0 28.6 9.2 0.1 3.3 41.0 39.4 29.9 84.7 14.3  

849 391 5.1 728 6.0 26.2 23.4 12.1 50.6

22.0 35.9

29 8 265 35 3.4 19.2 0.3

7,518 30,934 1.0 3.8 28.4 25.2 21.7 .. .. 50.2 6.0 8.6 41.8 5.4 1.8  

28 1,571 259 64.5 74.4 6.5

.. 37.6 .. .. 27.6 10.7

385 .. 219 54.6 7.1

33


Barbados High income Highincome group 2013 2013

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

0.27 0.28 1,306 0.15 0.16 646 9.1 12.2 7.7 13,640 15,080 39,812 1.2 –0.5 0.9 1.8 1.5 1.5 17.1 15.7 24.8 8.0 6.9 15.0 81.0 82.9 73.7 6.1 1.8 2.0 2.0 44.0 42.5 30.0 51.8 54.3 29.6  

Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms)

Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%)

34

2015

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..  

.. 6.1 18.6 ..   69.2 102.7 .. .. 71.4 2.4 6.0  

.. 100 .. .. 75.4 52.5

106 18 8 237 9 1.8 19.5 .. .. 4.3 1.6 49.4 38.7 24.7 18.3  

.. 12.2 .. ..

96.8 .. .. .. .. 12.4 6.2

15 6 166 12 2.0 14.1 7.5

.. 2.0 20.3 ..

65.9 90.3 8.2 3.2 150.9 ..

.. 20,868 68 321,602 .. 8,906 1.1 108.1 121.0 75.0 78.2

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Belarus Europe & Central Asia

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2013 2013

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

9.7 9.5 4.6 4.5 6.3 5.8 2,820 6,730 7.6 4.9 9.9 9.1 44.0 42.2 29.5 26.8 46.1 48.6 10.3 18.3 2,153.8 8,880.1 59.8 61.2 59.1 64.0  

Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms)

.. 79 16 987 22 5.8 .. 1.7 0.2 5.1 26.4 .. 21.5 15.3 11.0  

Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

735 1.0 26.5 22.6

Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%)

6.6 16.0 19.8 3.1 15.9 –6.4 2.1

5 .. 3,246 .. 42.4 16.2

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2015

57 9 5 183 15 3.0 11.9 7.7 1.1 13.7 3.4 42.8 31.9 21.6 13.4  

2,409 1,264 5.9 7,604 5.7 7.6 36.7 23.0 55.6

30.3 30.1

26 7 323 20 2.6 17.5 3.0

8,189 426,038 3.1 3.3 36.9 31.6 34.4 .. 25.2 27.2 14.1 4.4 24.1 0.1 –1.1  

.. 48.0 10.7 3.6 98.0 6.0

18 7,427 .. 262,896 3,628 2,932 0.1 118.8 99.8 54.2 44.8

35


Belgium High income Highincome group 2013 2013

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%)

36

2015

10.5 11.2 1,306 4.6 4.9 646 8.4 8.4 7.7 37,630 46,340 39,812 1.8 0.7 0.9 0.9 0.8 1.5 25.2 22.5 24.8 17.7 14.2 15.0 73.9 76.7 73.7 2.8 1.1 0.8 0.8 73.7 82.8 30.0 70.0 81.4 29.6  

.. 34 4 156 9 0.9 .. 16.3 2.4 .. .. .. .. .. ..  

.. 8.7 22.2 ..   87.0 97.2 3.3 2.0 71.9 4.3 5.2  

42 4 3 160 9 0.9 6.5 18.1 2.5 .. .. .. .. .. ..  

.. –0.6 22.3 ..

89.4 109.6 6.2 4.3 89.4 .. ..

15 6 166 12 2.0 14.1 7.5

.. 2.0 20.3 ..

65.9 90.3 8.2 3.2 150.9 ..

152 131 20,868 7,890 10,733 321,602 8,510 8,021 8,906 .. .. 91.4 110.9 121.0 55.8 82.2 78.2

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Belize Latin America & Caribbean

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2013 2013

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

0.27 0.11 11.0 3,830 5.7 15.4 17.3 8.9 67.3 3.6 2.0 54.7 62.7

Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%) The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

.. 57 9 147 20 2.0 .. 0.7 4.7 .. .. .. .. .. ..  

162 11.4 18.5 ..

.. 52.7 .. .. 53.1 11.3 6.5

.. 39 .. .. 35.3 9.2 2015

0.33 0.14 14.6 4,510 2.4 15.3 19.1 11.5 65.6 0.7 2.0 60.9 66.3

118 43 9 147 17 2.0 24.7 0.9 4.3 4.0 6.7 58.5 57.0 6.1 0.7  

2,409 1,264 5.9 7,604 5.7 7.6 36.7 23.0 55.6

30.3 30.1

26 7 323 20 2.6 17.5 3.0

220 426,038 5.5 3.3 17.8 31.6 .. .. 74.5 69.7 .. .. 56.2 9.8 8.0  

.. 48.0 10.7 3.6 98.0 6.0

59 7,427 40 262,896 .. 2,932 2.5 52.6 99.8 31.7 44.8

37


Benin Sub-Saharan Africa

Low income Lowincome group 2013 2013

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%)

38

2015

8.2 3.3 1.3 530 4.0 35.9 14.8 8.7 49.3 5.4 527.5 21.6 28.5

.. 34 10 270 34 4.0 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..  

707 –0.2 19.4 11.4

.. 17.9 .. .. 16.3 .. ..

.. .. 73 .. 7.3 1.3

10.3 4.3 1.0 790 3.9 36.5 14.0 8.2 49.5 1.0 494.0 18.3 33.5

151 12 7 270 25 4.0 15.9 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..  

849 391 5.1 728 6.0 26.2 23.4 12.1 50.6

22.0 35.9

29 8 265 35 3.4 19.2 0.3

1,556 30,934 3.9 3.8 26.3 25.2 17.6 .. .. 29.3 .. .. 24.9 .. ..  

2 388 .. .. 93.3 4.9

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

.. 37.6 .. .. 27.6 10.7

385 .. 219 54.6 7.1


Bermuda High income Highincome group 2013 2013

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

0.06 0.07 1,306 .. .. 646 .. .. 7.7 117,640 104,610 39,812 2.3 –2.2 0.9 0.8 0.8 1.5 10.4 6.0 24.8 1.7 1.0 15.0 88.7 93.2 73.7 .. .. 1.0 1.0 .. .. 30.0 .. .. 29.6  

Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms)

Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%) The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..  

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..  

.. 0.9 .. ..   .. .. .. .. .. .. ..  

.. 0.9 .. ..

.. .. .. .. 82.2 65.4 2015

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

15 6 166 12 2.0 14.1 7.5

.. 2.0 20.3 ..

65.9 90.3 8.2 3.2 150.9 ..

.. 20,868 .. 321,602 .. 8,906 .. 144.3 121.0 95.3 78.2

39


Bhutan South Asia

Lower middle income Lower middleincome Country data group 2005 2013 2013

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%)

40

2015

0.65 0.31 3.1 1,230 7.9 23.2 37.3 7.4 39.5 5.3 44.1 38.2 62.9

.. 62 10 274 38 .. .. 0.0 0.0 .. .. .. .. .. ..  

.. 0.8 49.9 39.8

79.5 44.8 .. .. 18.1 7.7 9.5

2 .. .. .. 5.5 3.8

0.75 0.39 2.1 2,330 7.8 17.1 44.6 9.0 38.3 7.0 58.6 40.8 62.9

125 17 8 274 38 .. 37.2 0.1 0.2 .. .. .. .. .. ..  

2,561 1,014 5.3 2,074 5.8 17.0 32.1 17.1 51.1

27.1 31.2

22 7 315 25 2.9 15.9 1.1

219 402,668 2.8 2.1 47.3 25.5 34.4 18.8 .. 54.3 17.0 7.0 46.1 8.6 8.0  

.. 47.1 10.3 4.5 41.5 7.1

4 2,437 .. 62,268 .. 736 .. 72.2 85.2 29.9 21.2

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Bolivia Latin America & Caribbean

Lower middle income Lower middleincome Country data group 2005 2013 2013

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

9.4 4.1 5.4 1,000 3.1 14.4 32.0 14.2 53.6 5.4 8.1 35.5 32.1

.. 50 15 1,080 24 1.8 .. 1.6 0.3 13.5 19.6 90.1 39.4 15.2 13.8  

1,422 –2.5 13.0 6.1

Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%) The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

.. 37.4 11.3 11.3 45.0 10.1 11.7

26 .. 467 0.4 25.9 5.2 2015

10.7 5.0 2.6 2,550 4.9 13.3 38.1 13.3 48.6 5.7 6.9 44.2 37.2

157 49 15 1,025 22 1.8 0.0 3.5 0.6 28.5 3.4 80.5 40.5 21.2 22.4  

2,561 1,014 5.3 2,074 5.8 17.0 32.1 17.1 51.1

27.1 31.2

22 7 315 25 2.9 15.9 1.1

563 402,668 5.7 2.1 19.1 25.5 7.8 18.8 .. 49.7 8.2 1.5 47.0 4.8 9.3  

.. 47.1 10.3 4.5 41.5 7.1

38 2,437 .. 62,268 623 736 1.2 97.7 85.2 39.5 21.2

41


Bosnia and Herzegovina Europe & Central Asia

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2013 2013

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%)

42

2015

3.9 1.4 25.6 2,940 5.0 10.4 26.4 12.1 63.2 6.1 1.6 32.6 73.7

.. 63 12 368 23 3.3 .. .. .. 4.1 67.6 .. 45.4 6.8 16.4  

.. 5.7 27.9 10.6

.. 36.4 9.7 5.3 43.3 5.9 6.0

5 .. 2,319 .. 41.1 21.3

3.8 1.5 28.4 4,780 1.1 8.5 27.1 13.2 64.4 –0.1 1.5 32.0 53.1

107 37 11 407 16 3.3 7.2 1.8 0.7 14.4 7.5 44.0 46.7 45.1 32.2  

2,409 1,264 5.9 7,604 5.7 7.6 36.7 23.0 55.6

30.3 30.1

26 7 323 20 2.6 17.5 3.0

1,947 426,038 1.8 3.3 17.9 31.6 .. .. .. 51.5 11.5 15.1 62.0 7.3 4.0  

.. 48.0 10.7 3.6 98.0 6.0

1 7,427 .. 262,896 3,189 2,932 1.0 91.1 99.8 67.9 44.8

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Botswana Sub-Saharan Africa

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2013 2013

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

1.9 0.91 22.0 4,730 3.9 2.0 47.6 5.5 50.3 8.6 5.1 52.9 35.6

Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms)

.. 125 11 140 33 2.2 .. 6.6 5.7 5.0 4.5 49.7 15.9 25.5 12.7  

Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

104 2.8 25.3 17.9

Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%)

.. 27.4 9.8 2.8 19.8 0.2 6.5

8 .. 1,421 0.7 30.1 3.3

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2015

2.0 1.0 18.4 7,770 3.6 2.5 36.9 5.7 60.5 5.9 8.4 55.1 59.9

74 60 10 152 27 1.7 21.7 15.4 12.3 10.2 8.4 54.6 32.1 39.2 21.3  

2,409 1,264 5.9 7,604 5.7 7.6 36.7 23.0 55.6

30.3 30.1

26 7 323 20 2.6 17.5 3.0

429 426,038 1.3 3.3 33.9 31.6 25.3 .. 19.0 39.1 .. .. 32.0 4.0 7.1  

.. 48.0 10.7 3.6 98.0 6.0

9 7,427 .. 262,896 1,603 2,932 4.1 160.6 99.8 15.0 44.8

43


Brazil Latin America & Caribbean

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2013 2013

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms)

186.1 200.4 94.6 106.2 9.3 5.9 3,960 11,690 2.8 3.4 5.7 5.7 29.3 25.0 18.1 13.1 65.0 69.3 6.9 6.2 2.4 2.2 15.1 12.6 11.5 15.0  

.. 156 17 2,600 18 10.0 .. 246.7 2.0 .. .. .. .. .. ..  

120 84 12 2,600 13 4.0 24.7 53.9 2.2 .. .. .. .. .. ..  

2,409 1,264 5.9 7,604 5.7 7.6 36.7 23.0 55.6

30.3 30.1

26 7 323 20 2.6 17.5 3.0

Private sector investment     Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) 72,401 268,637 426,038 Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) 1.8 3.6 3.3 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 15.9 18.2 31.6 Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) 14.3 15.8 ..     Finance and banking       Government debt (% of GDP) .. .. .. Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) 44.2 57.7 48.0 Bank capital to asset ratio (%) 10.2 9.3 10.7 Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) 3.5 2.9 3.6 Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) 31.4 70.7 98.0 Real interest rate (%) 44.9 18.4 Interest rate spread (percentage points) 37.8 19.6 6.0     Infrastructure       Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) 515 959 7,427 Port container traffic (thousand TEU) 5,652 10,177 262,896 Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) 2,016 2,438 2,932 Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) .. .. Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) 46.3 135.3 99.8 Individuals using the Internet (%) 21.0 51.6 44.8

44

2015

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Brunei Darussalam High income Highincome group 2013 2013

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

0.37 0.42 1,306 0.17 0.20 646 3.2 3.8 7.7 22,920 31,590 39,812 2.2 0.5 0.9 0.9 0.7 1.5 71.6 68.2 24.8 12.3 12.3 15.0 27.5 31.0 73.7 1.2 0.4 1.7 1.3 70.2 76.2 30.0 27.3 32.5 29.6  

Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%)

101 101 15 93 19 2.5 7.9 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..  

.. 1.8 11.4 ..   .. 53.9 .. .. 40.3 –11.2 4.5  

Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

12 .. 8,401 .. 63.3 36.5

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

.. 116 18 144 27 2.5 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..  

2015

.. 5.6 15.3 ..

.. 61.5 9.3 5.4 35.0 8.9 5.2

15 6 166 12 2.0 14.1 7.5

.. 2.0 20.3 ..

65.9 90.3 8.2 3.2 150.9 ..

12 20,868 122 321,602 8,507 8,906 .. 112.2 121.0 64.5 78.2

45


Bulgaria Europe & Central Asia

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2013 2013

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%)

46

2015

7.7 3.4 10.1 3,700 5.3 8.7 28.8 .. 62.5 5.0 1.6 43.4 58.3

.. 32 11 616 24 3.3 .. 29.3 5.7 3.0 42.6 60.3 37.2 22.1 12.1  

5,770 14.0 26.0 ..

.. 40.9 7.4 2.2 40.5 1.9 5.6

10 131 4,122 1.7 81.3 20.0

7.3 3.3 12.9 7,360 1.1 5.5 27.9 .. 66.6 0.9 1.5 68.4 69.0

38 18 4 454 18 3.3 5.0 44.5 9.0 16.1 6.0 59.2 42.3 49.6 23.3  

2,409 1,264 5.9 7,604 5.7 7.6 36.7 23.0 55.6

30.3 30.1

26 7 323 20 2.6 17.5 3.0

7,357 426,038 3.5 3.3 21.3 31.6 .. .. 17.5 70.4 10.4 16.9 69.6 9.9 6.6  

.. 48.0 10.7 3.6 98.0 6.0

12 7,427 175 262,896 4,864 2,932 1.2 145.2 99.8 53.1 44.8

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Burkina Faso Sub-Saharan Africa

Low income Lowincome group 2013 2013

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

13.4 6.0 2.7 410 6.2 28.2 21.2 13.8 50.6 6.4 527.5 9.7 25.8

Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%) The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

.. 40 12 270 45 4.0 .. 0.6 0.1 9.5 19.5 88.1 19.4 19.6 7.3  

42 1.0 19.7 10.5

.. 13.9 .. .. 16.5 .. ..

1 .. .. 7.5 4.7 0.5 2015

16.9 7.7 3.1 750 6.3 22.9 29.4 6.4 47.8 0.5 494.0 25.1 32.0

167 13 3 270 41 4.0 16.2 1.3 0.1 .. .. .. .. .. ..  

849 391 5.1 728 6.0 26.2 23.4 12.1 50.6

22.0 35.9

29 8 265 35 3.4 19.2 0.3

1,141 30,934 2.9 3.8 25.6 25.2 14.1 .. .. 25.6 .. .. 23.4 .. ..  

3 .. .. .. 66.4 4.4

.. 37.6 .. .. 27.6 10.7

385 .. 219 54.6 7.1

47


Burundi Sub-Saharan Africa

Low income Lowincome group 2013 2013

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%)

48

2015

7.8 10.2 3.5 4.7 7.3 6.9 130 260 2.2 4.2 44.5 39.8 18.5 17.7 12.9 9.5 37.1 42.4 13.5 8.0 1,081.6 1,555.1 8.2 7.4 33.4 34.2  

.. 13 8 140 47 5.0 .. .. .. 5.7 22.6 60.3 25.5 24.1 7.1  

54 0.1 22.4 13.0

.. 17.1 .. .. 15.9 –0.3 ..

.. .. .. 10.7 2.0 0.5

152 5 3 274 32 5.0 34.7 .. .. 2.3 20.0 51.3 57.9 25.3 10.6  

849 391 5.1 728 6.0 26.2 23.4 12.1 50.6

22.0 35.9

29 8 265 35 3.4 19.2 0.3

42 30,934 0.3 3.8 28.7 25.2 15.2 .. .. 17.1 12.9 9.9 18.0 1.8 ..  

.. .. .. 16.6 25.0 1.3

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

.. 37.6 .. .. 27.6 10.7

385 .. 219 54.6 7.1


Cabo Verde Sub-Saharan Africa

Lower middle income Lower middleincome Country data group 2005 2013 2013

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

0.48 0.20 7.2 2,090 5.9 9.0 19.2 6.5 71.8 0.4 88.7 37.8 66.6

Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%) The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

.. 60 12 186 22 .. .. .. .. 12.2 10.4 60.4 19.4 7.8 12.2  

.. 8.3 44.2 36.0

.. 75.1 .. .. 39.1 14.3 8.9

20 .. .. 11.3 17.1 6.1 2015

0.50 0.24 7.0 3,620 3.1 8.1 17.0 .. 100.0 1.5 83.0 34.9 52.3

122 10 7 186 20 .. 18.2 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..  

2,561 1,014 5.3 2,074 5.8 17.0 32.1 17.1 51.1

27.1 31.2

22 7 315 25 2.9 15.9 1.1

168 402,668 2.2 2.1 35.9 25.5 33.7 18.8 .. 76.6 .. .. 63.2 7.3 6.3  

.. 47.1 10.3 4.5 41.5 7.1

8 2,437 .. 62,268 .. 736 .. 100.1 85.2 37.5 21.2

49


Cambodia East Asia & Pacific

Low income Lowincome group 2013 2013

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%)

50

2015

13.4 15.1 6.9 8.6 1.3 0.3 460 950 9.1 5.8 32.4 33.5 26.4 25.6 18.8 16.4 41.2 40.8 6.3 2.9 4,092.5 4,027.3 64.1 65.7 72.7 73.8  

.. 87 10 137 43 6.0 .. 1.5 0.2 5.6 60.3 .. 12.6 15.5 ..  

343 6.0 18.9 13.5

.. 14.3 .. .. 9.0 .. ..

3 253 66 .. 8.0 0.3

135 101 11 173 22 6.0 19.5 2.0 0.2 1.3 58.2 .. 3.6 9.4 9.5  

849 391 5.1 728 6.0 26.2 23.4 12.1 50.6

22.0 35.9

29 8 265 35 3.4 19.2 0.3

3,230 30,934 8.8 3.8 18.1 25.2 8.4 .. .. 46.0 .. .. 45.3 .. ..  

11 275 164 6.0 133.9 6.0

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

.. 37.6 .. .. 27.6 10.7

385 .. 219 54.6 7.1


Cameroon Sub-Saharan Africa

Lower middle income Lower middleincome Country data group 2005 2013 2013

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

18.1 7.0 4.4 900 3.8 20.6 32.0 18.7 47.4 2.0 527.5 20.5 21.5

Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%) The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

.. 45 11 654 27 3.2 .. .. .. 12.8 65.4 84.6 41.9 78.9 16.4  

486 1.5 17.7 15.2

.. 12.9 .. .. 9.9 14.7 12.8

11 218 182 11.6 12.4 1.4 2015

22.3 8.9 4.0 1,290 3.5 22.9 29.9 14.4 47.2 1.9 494.0 20.7 28.9

158 15 5 630 23 2.8 30.0 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..  

2,561 1,014 5.3 2,074 5.8 17.0 32.1 17.1 51.1

27.1 31.2

22 7 315 25 2.9 15.9 1.1

2,434 402,668 1.1 2.1 19.4 25.5 17.1 18.8 .. 16.0 .. 10.3 14.8 .. ..  

.. 47.1 10.3 4.5 41.5 7.1

6 2,437 350 62,268 256 736 .. 70.4 85.2 6.4 21.2

51


Canada High income Highincome group 2013 2013

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%)

52

2015

32.3 35.2 1,306 17.7 19.4 646 6.7 7.1 7.7 33,950 52,210 39,812 2.5 1.3 0.9 1.6 1.5 1.5 30.0 27.7 24.8 12.7 10.7 15.0 68.5 70.8 73.7 2.2 0.9 1.2 1.0 37.0 30.1 30.0 33.1 31.8 29.6  

.. 3 2 119 8 0.8 .. 20.9 0.9 .. .. .. .. .. ..  

.. 2.2 22.0 ..   45.9 145.0 4.1 0.5 173.5 1.2 3.6  

16 5 1 131 8 0.8 3.9 25.7 1.1 .. .. .. .. .. ..  

.. 3.9 23.7 ..

51.9 .. 5.1 0.6 .. 1.7 2.5

15 6 166 12 2.0 14.1 7.5

.. 2.0 20.3 ..

65.9 90.3 8.2 3.2 150.9 ..

1,018 1,263 20,868 4,163 5,383 321,602 17,319 16,473 8,906 .. .. 52.8 80.6 121.0 71.7 85.8 78.2

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Cayman Islands High income Highincome group 2013 2013

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

0.05 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms)

Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..   .. .. .. ..     .. .. .. .. .. .. ..  

Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%)

.. 1 .. .. 166.5 38.0

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2015

0.06 1,306 .. 646 .. 7.7 .. 39,812 .. 0.9 .. 1.5 .. 24.8 .. 15.0 .. 73.7 .. .. .. 30.0 .. 29.6

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..  

.. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

15 6 166 12 2.0 14.1 7.5

.. 2.0 20.3 ..

65.9 90.3 8.2 3.2 150.9 ..

.. 20,868 49 321,602 .. 8,906 .. 167.8 121.0 74.1 78.2

53


Central African Republic Sub-Saharan Africa

Low income Lowincome group 2013 2013

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%)

54

2015

4.0 1.8 7.0 340 1.5 54.9 14.3 6.4 30.8 2.9 527.5 13.2 21.5

.. 22 11 504 57 4.8 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..  

.. 0.7 9.8 ..

.. 5.3 .. .. 6.8 11.9 12.8

.. .. .. .. 2.5 0.3

4.6 2.2 7.6 320 1.4 54.3 13.7 6.5 32.0 1.5 493.9 11.6 21.8

187 22 8 483 46 4.8 0.0 .. .. 9.2 16.8 66.7 25.3 11.8 37.0  

849 391 5.1 728 6.0 26.2 23.4 12.1 50.6

22.0 35.9

29 8 265 35 3.4 19.2 0.3

80 30,934 0.1 3.8 14.8 25.2 .. .. .. 12.3 .. .. 14.9 .. ..  

.. .. .. 29.0 29.5 3.5

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

.. 37.6 .. .. 27.6 10.7

385 .. 219 54.6 7.1


Chad Sub-Saharan Africa

Low income Lowincome group 2013 2013

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

10.0 3.6 7.0 470 17.2 54.8 9.4 0.2 35.7 7.9 527.5 48.0 37.9

Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%) The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

.. 62 13 732 78 4.0 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..  

11 –1.5 20.6 14.4

.. 2.6 .. .. 2.5 –8.2 12.8

.. .. .. .. 2.1 0.4 2015

12.8 4.7 7.0 1,030 5.6 51.5 15.4 2.7 33.1 0.1 494.0 32.2 37.5

185 60 9 732 70 4.0 31.3 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..  

849 391 5.1 728 6.0 26.2 23.4 12.1 50.6

22.0 35.9

29 8 265 35 3.4 19.2 0.3

779 30,934 4.0 3.8 27.4 25.2 17.2 .. .. 5.8 .. .. 5.8 .. ..  

0 .. .. .. 35.6 2.3

.. 37.6 .. .. 27.6 10.7

385 .. 219 54.6 7.1

55


Channel Islands High income Highincome group 2013 2013

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

0.15 .. .. 55,320 –1.2 .. .. .. .. .. 0.6 .. ..

Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms)

Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%)

56

2015

0.16 1,306 .. 646 .. 7.7 .. 39,812 .. 0.9 .. 1.5 .. 24.8 .. 15.0 .. 73.7 .. .. .. 30.0 .. 29.6

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..   .. .. .. ..     .. .. .. .. .. .. ..  

.. .. .. .. .. ..

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..  

.. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

15 6 166 12 2.0 14.1 7.5

.. 2.0 20.3 ..

65.9 90.3 8.2 3.2 150.9 ..

.. 20,868 .. 321,602 .. 8,906 .. .. 121.0 .. 78.2


Chile High income Highincome group 2013 2013

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

16.3 17.6 1,306 6.8 8.6 646 8.0 6.0 7.7 6,250 15,230 39,812 4.2 3.9 0.9 4.6 3.4 1.5 36.9 35.3 24.8 14.7 11.5 15.0 58.5 61.3 73.7 .. 1.8 559.8 495.0 38.4 32.6 30.0 31.6 32.9 29.6  

Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%)

.. 42 9 316 17 5.6 .. 28.7 2.6 9.0 7.6 49.6 48.9 22.9 22.0  

8,980 5.6 21.2 ..   .. 47.7 7.1 0.9 76.3 –0.8 2.7  

93 1,804 3,066 0.6 64.7 31.2

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2015

41 6 7 291 15 3.2 21.2 68.4 5.7 9.9 0.4 55.8 55.1 21.1 22.1  

17,422 7.3 23.6 ..

.. 49.8 8.1 2.1 105.9 7.4 4.1

15 6 166 12 2.0 14.1 7.5

.. 2.0 20.3 ..

65.9 90.3 8.2 3.2 150.9 ..

127 20,868 3,784 321,602 3,568 8,906 0.7 134.3 121.0 66.5 78.2

57


China East Asia & Pacific

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2013 2013

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms)

1,303.7 1,357.4 758.6 793.3 4.1 4.6 1,740 6,560 9.8 9.6 12.1 10.0 47.4 43.9 32.5 31.8 40.5 46.1 1.8 2.6 8.2 6.2 37.1 26.4 31.6 23.8  

.. 48 13 832 23 2.4 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..  

90 31 11 261 21 1.7 7.8 .. .. 0.9 10.9 57.6 22.1 6.9 53.4  

2,409 1,264 5.9 7,604 5.7 7.6 36.7 23.0 55.6

30.3 30.1

26 7 323 20 2.6 17.5 3.0

Private sector investment     Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) 38,487 43,730 426,038 4.9 3.8 3.3 Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) 40.1 47.3 31.6 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) .. .. .. Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)     Finance and banking       .. .. .. Government debt (% of GDP) 45.0 49.0 48.0 Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) 4.4 6.3 10.7 Bank capital to asset ratio (%) 8.6 1.0 3.6 Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) 113.3 140.0 98.0 Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) 1.6 4.2 Real interest rate (%) 3.3 3.0 6.0 Interest rate spread (percentage points)     Infrastructure       7,427 Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) 1,349 3,073 67,245 174,080 262,896 Port container traffic (thousand TEU) 1,784 3,298 2,932 Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) .. 0.1 Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) 29.8 88.7 99.8 Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) 8.5 45.8 44.8 Individuals using the Internet (%)

58

2015

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Colombia Latin America & Caribbean

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2013 2013

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

43.2 48.3 19.9 23.6 12.0 10.5 2,930 7,590 3.7 4.3 8.4 6.1 32.8 37.2 15.4 12.3 58.8 56.7 5.0 2.0 2,321.6 1,868.8 16.8 17.8 18.8 20.2  

Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

.. 40 11 456 34 3.0 .. 29.3 1.1 14.3 1.1 55.1 55.7 26.4 5.9  

30.3 30.1

26 7 323 20 2.6 17.5 3.0

3,734 21,521 426,038 7.0 4.3 3.3 19.7 24.5 31.6 .. .. ..  

Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%)

34 11 8 239 14 1.7 19.9 63.0 2.0 12.9 1.5 70.9 49.2 20.9 20.8  

2,409 1,264 5.9 7,604 5.7 7.6 36.7 23.0 55.6

52.5 16.5 14.0 2.7 29.3 8.5 7.5

162 1,236 898 0.4 50.6 11.0

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2015

65.3 24.4 14.8 2.8 50.2 9.3 6.8

.. 48.0 10.7 3.6 98.0 6.0

251 7,427 2,718 262,896 1,123 2,932 0.6 104.1 99.8 51.7 44.8

59


Comoros Sub-Saharan Africa

Low income

Country data

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%)

60

2015

0.60 0.20 6.7 640 3.6 41.2 11.8 4.1 47.0 3.0 395.6 15.0 36.4

.. 30 10 100 31 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..  

0.5 0.1 10.3 ..

.. 16.0 .. .. 9.7 10.7 8.0

.. .. .. .. 2.6 2.0

0.73 0.25 6.5 840 2.1 37.1 12.5 7.0 50.4 2.3 370.5 16.4 61.8

159 15 8 100 31 .. 32.1 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..  

Lowincome group

849 391 5.1 728 6.0 26.2 23.4 12.1 50.6

22.0 35.9

29 8 265 35 3.4 19.2 0.3

.. 30,934 2.3 3.8 17.8 25.2 .. .. .. 30.9 .. .. 23.9 8.6 8.8  

.. .. .. .. 47.3 6.5

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

.. 37.6 .. .. 27.6 10.7

385 .. 219 54.6 7.1


Congo, Dem. Rep. Sub-Saharan Africa

Low income Lowincome group 2013 2013

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

54.0 20.9 8.2 210 4.2 22.4 27.9 20.0 49.7 21.3 473.9 20.4 23.6

Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%) The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

.. 133 14 308 46 .. .. .. .. 6.3 64.4 82.4 5.8 20.5 4.3  

473 1.4 11.7 9.0

.. 2.3 .. .. 1.2 30.6 32.6

.. .. 91 16.9 5.1 0.2 2015

67.5 26.7 8.0 430 6.2 20.8 38.2 16.6 41.0 1.6 919.8 34.2 40.4

184 16 7 316 44 .. 27.5 0.8 0.0 4.7 53.9 78.4 8.7 16.0 13.3  

849 391 5.1 728 6.0 26.2 23.4 12.1 50.6

22.0 35.9

29 8 265 35 3.4 19.2 0.3

1,886 30,934 5.2 3.8 20.6 25.2 13.7 .. .. 8.5 .. .. 5.2 16.1 14.7  

2 .. 105 12.3 41.8 2.2

.. 37.6 .. .. 27.6 10.7

385 .. 219 54.6 7.1

61


Congo, Rep. Sub-Saharan Africa

Lower middle income Lower middleincome Country data group 2005 2013 2013

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%)

62

2015

3.5 1.4 6.6 970 3.7 4.5 71.9 4.0 23.6 3.1 527.5 84.2 54.5

.. 37 11 606 50 3.3 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..  

62 13.2 19.7 13.5

0.2 6.6 .. .. 2.4 –3.0 12.8

5 .. 120 .. 15.8 1.5

4.4 1.8 6.5 2,590 5.1 4.4 72.0 4.3 23.6 6.0 494.0 76.5 66.1

178 53 11 602 50 3.3 17.9 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..  

2,561 1,014 5.3 2,074 5.8 17.0 32.1 17.1 51.1

27.1 31.2

22 7 315 25 2.9 15.9 1.1

1,314 402,668 14.5 2.1 30.7 25.5 7.6 18.8 .. 23.2 .. 1.2 11.3 .. ..  

.. 47.1 10.3 4.5 41.5 7.1

7 2,437 416 62,268 172 736 .. 104.8 85.2 6.6 21.2

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Costa Rica Latin America & Caribbean

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2013 2013

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

4.3 1.9 6.6 4,810 4.3 9.0 29.1 21.7 61.9 13.8 477.8 48.5 54.0

Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms)

.. 77 12 402 36 3.5 .. 33.9 11.8 9.6 0.0 .. 15.8 48.6 10.4  

Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

625 4.3 18.7 ..

Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%)

.. 22.3 13.1 1.4 35.6 12.7 14.5

36 740 1,707 .. 25.5 22.1

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2015

4.9 2.3 7.6 9,550 3.6 5.6 25.2 16.1 69.2 5.2 499.8 35.1 38.7

83 24 9 163 14 3.0 19.3 11.8 3.5 8.4 7.6 70.4 30.1 39.0 13.3  

2,409 1,264 5.9 7,604 5.7 7.6 36.7 23.0 55.6

30.3 30.1

26 7 323 20 2.6 17.5 3.0

1,451 426,038 6.5 3.3 21.0 31.6 .. .. .. 22.3 14.8 1.7 50.4 9.7 11.3  

.. 48.0 10.7 3.6 98.0 6.0

43 7,427 1,881 262,896 1,844 2,932 1.3 146.0 99.8 46.0 44.8

63


Côte d’lvoire Sub-Saharan Africa

Lower middle income Lower middleincome Country data group 2005 2013 2013

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%)

64

2015

17.4 6.7 4.1 920 –0.2 22.6 22.8 14.5 54.6 3.9 527.5 49.8 43.1   .. 45 11 270 23 2.2 .. .. ..   .. .. .. .. .. ..     311 2.0 11.8 9.2     .. 14.6 .. .. 13.2 .. ..     .. 710 181 .. 13.5 1.0

20.3 2,561 8.0 1,014 4.0 5.3 1,450 2,074 2.8 5.8 22.3 17.0 22.3 32.1 12.7 17.1 55.5 51.1 2.6 494.0 45.4 27.1 45.6 31.2     147 7 22 4 7 270 315 25 25 2.2 2.9 8.8 15.9 .. .. 1.1   .. .. .. .. .. ..       2,760 402,668 1.2 2.1 17.0 25.5 11.0 18.8       .. .. 23.9 47.1 .. 10.3 .. 4.5 18.4 41.5 .. .. 7.1       5 2,437 745 62,268 212 736 .. 95.4 85.2 2.6 21.2

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Croatia High income Highincome group 2013 2013

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

4.4 4.3 1,306 2.0 1.9 646 12.6 17.7 7.7 9,870 13,420 39,812 4.6 –1.4 0.9 5.0 4.3 1.5 29.0 27.2 24.8 15.6 14.0 15.0 66.0 68.6 73.7 3.3 2.2 5.9 5.7 39.3 42.9 30.0 45.4 42.5 29.6  

Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms)

.. 29 11 232 26 3.1 .. 8.4 2.8 2.0 20.1 31.7 45.9 15.2 17.4  

Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

.. 3.9 25.4 19.9   .. 53.1 10.1 6.2 51.9 7.5 9.5  

Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%)

22 94 3,476 0.5 83.2 33.1

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2015

65 15 7 208 16 3.1 0.0 8.1 2.8 19.6 0.0 48.2 38.3 42.4 24.1  

.. 1.0 19.3 16.0

.. 61.7 13.9 15.4 76.7 8.3 7.7

15 6 166 12 2.0 14.1 7.5

.. 2.0 20.3 ..

65.9 90.3 8.2 3.2 150.9 ..

24 20,868 168 321,602 3,901 8,906 1.0 114.5 121.0 66.7 78.2

65


Cuba Latin America & Caribbean

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2013 2013

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%)

66

2015

11.3 4.8 1.9 3,950 4.6 5.6 19.4 9.5 75.0 .. 1.0 21.0 18.3

11.3 5.4 3.2 5,890 3.3 5.0 20.5 10.7 74.5 .. 1.0 20.0 19.1

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..  

776 .. 9.0 ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..  

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

30.3 30.1

26 7 323 20 2.6 17.5 3.0

60 426,038 .. 3.3 12.2 31.6 .. ..

11 320 1,152 .. 1.2 9.7

2,409 1,264 5.9 7,604 5.7 7.6 36.7 23.0 55.6

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. 48.0 10.7 3.6 98.0 6.0

18 7,427 286 262,896 1,327 2,932 .. 17.7 99.8 25.7 44.8

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Curaçao High income Highincome group 2013 2013

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

0.14 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms)

Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%) The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..   .. .. .. ..     .. .. .. .. .. .. ..  

.. .. .. .. .. ..

2015

0.15 1,306 .. 646 .. 7.7 .. 39,812 .. 0.9 .. 1.5 .. 24.8 .. 15.0 .. 73.7 .. .. .. 30.0 .. 29.6

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..  

.. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

15 6 166 12 2.0 14.1 7.5

.. 2.0 20.3 ..

65.9 90.3 8.2 3.2 150.9 ..

.. 20,868 .. 321,602 .. 8,906 .. 128.2 121.0 .. 78.2

67


Cyprus High income Highincome group 2013 2013

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%)

68

2015

1.0 1.1 1,306 0.52 0.60 646 5.3 15.8 7.7 21,490 25,210 39,812 3.1 0.1 0.9 2.8 .. 1.5 19.5 .. 24.8 8.8 .. 15.0 77.7 .. 73.7 2.6 –0.4 0.8 0.8 48.3 40.1 30.0 50.9 46.6 29.6  

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. 14.5 20.2 .. .. .. .. .. ..  

.. 6.8 19.3 ..   180.6 176.9 .. .. 209.9 4.6 3.3  

17 377 4,080 .. 75.8 32.8

64 8 6 147 7 1.5 9.6 18.0 22.5 .. .. .. .. .. ..  

.. 2.8 18.4 ..

131.0 199.1 8.6 33.7 300.6 .. ..

15 6 166 12 2.0 14.1 7.5

.. 2.0 20.3 ..

65.9 90.3 8.2 3.2 150.9 ..

12 20,868 277 321,602 4,271 8,906 .. 96.4 121.0 65.5 78.2

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Czech Republic High income Highincome group 2013 2013

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

10.2 10.5 1,306 5.2 5.3 646 7.9 6.9 7.7 12,380 18,970 39,812 3.8 0.6 0.9 2.4 2.6 1.5 37.7 36.7 24.8 25.5 24.9 15.0 59.8 60.7 73.7 1.8 1.4 24.0 19.6 62.3 77.2 30.0 60.0 71.4 29.6  

Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms)

.. 40 10 930 17 9.2 .. 14.1 1.9 1.9 36.0 .. 28.2 15.4 15.9  

Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

.. 8.5 28.3 ..   21.1 45.7 5.0 3.9 33.8 5.7 4.6  

Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%)

75 .. 6,357 .. 115.1 35.3

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2015

44 19 9 413 17 2.1 7.6 21.6 3.0 13.9 0.4 36.0 45.5 57.8 40.9  

.. 2.4 24.9 ..

40.8 66.9 7.5 5.2 55.4 3.2 4.1

15 6 166 12 2.0 14.1 7.5

.. 2.0 20.3 ..

65.9 90.3 8.2 3.2 150.9 ..

44 20,868 .. 321,602 6,289 8,906 0.4 127.7 121.0 74.1 78.2

69


Denmark High income Highincome group 2013 2013

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%)

70

2015

5.4 5.6 1,306 2.9 2.9 646 4.8 7.0 7.7 49,620 61,670 39,812 1.3 –0.6 0.9 1.3 1.4 1.5 26.2 22.9 24.8 14.4 13.7 15.0 72.4 75.8 73.7 1.8 0.8 6.0 5.6 47.4 54.3 30.0 41.8 48.5 29.6  

.. 6 4 135 6 3.3 .. 18.6 5.2 .. .. .. .. .. ..  

.. 4.9 21.1 ..   35.7 46.9 4.9 0.2 167.3 4.6 4.7  

13 914 6,659 .. 100.6 82.7

4 6 4 130 6 1.0 20.3 15.8 4.4 .. .. .. .. .. ..  

.. 0.5 18.3 ..

47.2 51.6 6.5 4.6 199.6 .. ..

15 6 166 12 2.0 14.1 7.5

.. 2.0 20.3 ..

65.9 90.3 8.2 3.2 150.9 ..

.. 20,868 873 321,602 6,122 8,906 .. 127.1 121.0 94.6 78.2

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Djibouti Middle East & North Africa

Lower middle income Lower middleincome Country data group 2005 2013 2013

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

0.78 0.24 .. 1,030 3.0 3.5 16.6 2.6 79.9 3.1 177.7 40.6 51.0

Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%) The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

.. 44 11 66 27 2.3 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..  

180 3.1 19.0 9.7

.. 67.0 .. .. 20.1 7.8 10.3

.. 295 .. .. 5.7 1.0 2015

0.87 0.30 .. .. 4.8 .. .. .. .. 2.4 177.7 .. ..

155 14 7 82 20 2.3 17.7 .. .. 5.3 3.4 22.2 25.3 34.1 17.3  

2,561 1,014 5.3 2,074 5.8 17.0 32.1 17.1 51.1

27.1 31.2

22 7 315 25 2.9 15.9 1.1

396 402,668 19.6 2.1 .. 25.5 .. 18.8 .. 75.6 .. .. 31.1 6.2 9.1  

.. 47.1 10.3 4.5 41.5 7.1

.. 2,437 736 62,268 .. 736 1.6 28.0 85.2 9.5 21.2

71


Dominica Latin America & Caribbean

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2013 2013

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%)

72

2015

0.07 .. .. 5,140 2.3 13.3 15.1 4.6 71.6 1.7 2.7 34.9 53.0

.. 14 5 147 16 4.0 .. 0.2 3.5 .. .. .. .. .. ..  

.. 5.2 19.8 ..

.. 71.5 .. .. 47.8 11.1 6.8

.. .. .. .. 73.7 38.5

0.07 .. .. 6,930 1.2 17.2 14.0 3.5 68.8 0.0 2.7 32.8 48.2

97 12 5 117 13 4.0 26.1 0.2 3.3 2.0 5.6 10.7 37.9 5.6 1.3  

2,409 1,264 5.9 7,604 5.7 7.6 36.7 23.0 55.6

30.3 30.1

26 7 323 20 2.6 17.5 3.0

5 426,038 3.5 3.3 12.0 31.6 .. .. .. 87.5 .. .. 55.6 7.7 6.0  

.. 48.0 10.7 3.6 98.0 6.0

.. 7,427 .. 262,896 .. 2,932 2.8 130.0 99.8 59.0 44.8

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Dominican Republic Latin America & Caribbean

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2013 2013

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

9.3 4.0 18.0 2,880 3.1 7.5 29.6 22.9 63.0 4.2 30.0 30.0 35.5

Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

.. 76 9 232 17 3.5 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..  

2,694 3.3 16.4 ..

Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%) The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

.. 19.8 9.5 5.9 20.9 20.9 10.2

.. 598 737 .. 38.8 11.5 2015

10.4 4.7 14.9 5,770 4.2 6.3 26.9 15.9 66.7 4.8 41.8 25.5 31.2

84 20 7 324 8 3.5 23.7 6.8 1.0 11.7 15.3 75.8 72.4 24.1 11.8  

2,409 1,264 5.9 7,604 5.7 7.6 36.7 23.0 55.6

30.3 30.1

26 7 323 20 2.6 17.5 3.0

2,200 426,038 2.6 3.3 21.5 31.6 .. .. .. 22.5 9.3 2.3 24.0 10.2 7.6  

.. 48.0 10.7 3.6 98.0 6.0

2 7,427 1,708 262,896 893 2,932 17.7 88.4 99.8 45.9 44.8

73


Ecuador Latin America & Caribbean

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2013 2013

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%)

74

2015

13.8 6.5 6.6 2,890 4.8 10.0 33.4 15.0 56.6 2.4 1.0 27.6 28.5

.. 69 14 600 22 5.3 .. .. .. 17.3 11.3 65.4 41.9 23.3 18.2  

1,865 1.2 20.4 ..

.. 20.9 8.5 5.5 20.8 1.8 6.0

30 633 760 1.6 45.3 6.0

15.7 7.6 4.2 5,760 4.4 9.4 38.7 13.0 52.0 2.7 1.0 29.2 31.6

115 56 13 654 19 5.3 16.1 .. .. 22.5 0.4 65.7 42.3 10.7 9.7  

2,409 1,264 5.9 7,604 5.7 7.6 36.7 23.0 55.6

30.3 30.1

26 7 323 20 2.6 17.5 3.0

3,985 426,038 0.8 3.3 27.9 31.6 .. .. .. 30.1 8.6 3.6 26.7 .. ..  

.. 48.0 10.7 3.6 98.0 6.0

72 7,427 1,205 262,896 1,192 2,932 1.0 111.5 99.8 40.4 44.8

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Egypt, Arab Rep. Middle East & North Africa

Lower middle income Lower middleincome Country data group 2005 2013 2013

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

71.8 23.1 11.2 1,290 3.4 14.9 36.3 17.8 48.8 4.9 6.0 30.3 32.6

.. 22 10 504 27 4.2 .. 3.9 0.1 .. 23.8 .. 9.8 133.9 20.0  

112 8 7 392 12 2.5 16.7 6.3 0.1 .. .. .. .. .. ..  

2,561 1,014 5.3 2,074 5.8 17.0 32.1 17.1 51.1

27.1 31.2

22 7 315 25 2.9 15.9 1.1

4,971 16,102 402,668 6.0 2.0 2.1 17.9 13.8 25.5 8.6 9.8 18.8  

Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%)

82.1 27.7 12.7 3,140 4.2 14.5 39.2 15.6 46.3 9.5 6.4 17.6 24.7

85.8 84.3 5.0 26.5 51.2 6.5 5.9

45 4,031 1,328 .. 19.0 12.8

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2015

.. 64.8 7.0 9.3 27.8 3.0 4.6

.. 47.1 10.3 4.5 41.5 7.1

95 2,437 7,143 62,268 1,743 736 .. 121.5 85.2 49.6 21.2

75


El Salvador Latin America & Caribbean

Lower middle income Lower middleincome Country data group 2005 2013 2013

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%)

76

2015

6.1 2.3 7.2 2,810 2.3 10.6 29.7 23.1 59.7 4.7 1.0 25.6 44.2

.. 40 12 320 22 4.0 .. 1.7 0.5 9.2 2.6 73.8 39.0 22.1 10.9  

1,196 3.0 15.3 12.9

48.3 41.0 11.1 1.9 42.9 .. ..

24 144 753 1.6 39.7 4.2

6.3 2.8 6.3 3,720 1.0 10.8 27.0 20.2 62.2 0.8 1.0 26.4 45.8

109 17 8 320 13 3.5 20.1 1.9 0.5 19.6 0.3 65.2 44.5 28.6 14.5  

2,561 1,014 5.3 2,074 5.8 17.0 32.1 17.1 51.1

27.1 31.2

22 7 315 25 2.9 15.9 1.1

1,478 402,668 0.8 2.1 15.1 25.5 12.5 18.8 47.8 41.3 14.3 2.3 42.7 .. ..  

.. 47.1 10.3 4.5 41.5 7.1

31 2,437 181 62,268 830 736 1.2 136.2 85.2 23.1 21.2

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Equatorial Guinea High income Highincome group 2013 2013

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

0.60 0.76 1,306 0.31 0.40 646 6.8 8.0 7.7 4,830 14,320 39,812 27.1 1.9 0.9 .. .. 1.5 .. .. 24.8 .. .. 15.0 3.6 6.4 73.7 5.6 6.4 527.5 494.0 87.4 88.5 30.0 43.6 68.4 29.6  

Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%) The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

.. 177 18 492 29 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..  

165 135 18 492 29 .. 0.0 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..  

.. 9.4 38.8 28.5   .. 5.1 .. .. 2.1 –26.1 12.8  

.. .. .. .. 16.1 1.1 2015

.. 12.3 58.4 24.6

.. 17.0 .. .. 10.6 .. ..

15 6 166 12 2.0 14.1 7.5

.. 2.0 20.3 ..

65.9 90.3 8.2 3.2 150.9 ..

6 20,868 .. 321,602 .. 8,906 .. 67.5 121.0 16.4 78.2

77


Eritrea Sub-Saharan Africa

Low income Lowincome group 2013 2013

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%)

78

2015

4.9 2.3 7.5 230 1.9 24.2 21.9 7.3 53.9 .. 15.4 6.2 54.9

6.3 3.1 7.2 490 2.3 14.5 22.4 5.7 63.0 .. 15.4 14.4 23.2

849 391 5.1 728 6.0 26.2 23.4 12.1 50.6

22.0 35.9

.. 76 13 216 59 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..  

189 84 13 216 50 .. 9.2 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..  

40 0.1 20.3 2.5

.. 107.3 .. .. 27.6 .. ..

.. .. 50 .. 0.8 0.4

29 8 265 35 3.4 19.2 0.3

.. 30,934 1.3 3.8 10.0 25.2 1.9 .. .. 89.7 .. .. 14.0 .. ..  

.. .. 49 .. 5.6 0.9

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

.. 37.6 .. .. 27.6 10.7

385 .. 219 54.6 7.1


Estonia High income Highincome group 2013 2013

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

1.4 0.67 7.9 9,670 7.0 3.5 29.8 16.6 66.7 0.0 0.8 65.9 71.0

Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms)

.. 35 6 81 6 3.0 .. 6.2 6.8 2.1 13.7 .. 21.6 7.2 12.9  

Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

.. 22.3 32.9 ..   5.8 42.5 8.4 0.2 69.2 –1.0 2.8  

Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%)

8 181 5,532 .. 109.1 61.5

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2015

1.3 1,306 0.69 646 8.8 7.7 17,780 39,812 –0.3 0.9 3.6 1.5 28.9 24.8 15.9 15.0 67.5 73.7 2.8 0.8 86.1 30.0 85.2 29.6

17 5 4 81 6 3.0 8.4 7.2 8.1 6.5 0.0 35.7 23.6 15.3 28.7  

.. 3.9 27.3 ..

10.4 54.4 11.3 1.5 73.7 0.8 4.9

15 6 166 12 2.0 14.1 7.5

.. 2.0 20.3 ..

65.9 90.3 8.2 3.2 150.9 ..

19 20,868 189 321,602 6,314 8,906 0.6 159.7 121.0 80.0 78.2

79


Ethiopia Sub-Saharan Africa

Low income Lowincome group 2013 2013

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%)

80

2015

76.2 34.7 5.4 160 5.6 44.7 12.8 5.3 42.5 12.9 8.7 15.0 35.2

.. 34 9 212 47 1.8 .. 0.8 0.0 3.8 4.3 .. 40.7 44.2 4.2  

.. 2.1 30.6 ..

94.1 45.1 5.7 470 10.6 45.0 11.9 4.0 43.0 8.1 18.2 12.5 29.1

132 15 9 306 44 1.8 26.2 1.3 0.0 3.0 3.8 37.3 13.6 111.8 13.6  

.. 34.6 .. 19.9 22.8 –2.6 3.5

22.0 35.9

29 8 265 35 3.4 19.2 0.3

4 30,934 2.0 3.8 35.8 25.2 .. ..

31 .. 34 1.7 0.5 0.2

849 391 5.1 728 6.0 26.2 23.4 12.1 50.6

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

66 .. 52 5.6 27.3 1.9

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

.. 37.6 .. .. 27.6 10.7

385 .. 219 54.6 7.1


Faeroe Islands High income Highincome group 2013 2013

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

0.05 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 6.0 .. ..

Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms)

Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%) The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..   .. .. .. ..     .. .. .. .. .. .. ..  

.. .. .. .. 85.5 67.9 2015

0.05 1,306 .. 646 .. 7.7 .. 39,812 .. 0.9 .. 1.5 .. 24.8 .. 15.0 .. 73.7 .. 5.4 .. 30.0 .. 29.6

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..  

.. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

15 6 166 12 2.0 14.1 7.5

.. 2.0 20.3 ..

65.9 90.3 8.2 3.2 150.9 ..

.. 20,868 .. 321,602 .. 8,906 .. 120.7 121.0 90.0 78.2

81


Fiji East Asia & Pacific

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2013 2013

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%)

82

2015

0.82 0.32 4.6 3,590 2.6 14.1 19.2 14.2 66.8 2.4 1.7 53.1 65.1

.. 44 8 140 25 1.8 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..  

50 5.3 21.0 17.9

.. 48.1 .. .. 68.7 0.0 5.0

42 .. .. .. 24.9 8.5

0.88 0.34 8.1 4,370 1.4 12.2 20.2 14.5 67.6 2.9 1.8 58.8 77.6

81 59 11 195 19 1.8 20.6 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..  

2,409 1,264 5.9 7,604 5.7 7.6 36.7 23.0 55.6

30.3 30.1

26 7 323 20 2.6 17.5 3.0

220 426,038 4.1 3.3 .. 31.6 .. .. .. 72.8 .. .. 81.4 6.6 4.0  

.. 48.0 10.7 3.6 98.0 6.0

16 7,427 .. 262,896 .. 2,932 .. 105.6 99.8 37.1 44.8

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Finland High income Highincome group 2013 2013

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

5.2 5.4 1,306 2.6 2.7 646 8.4 8.2 7.7 40,090 48,820 39,812 2.6 –0.3 0.9 2.6 2.7 1.5 33.5 26.9 24.8 24.3 16.6 15.0 63.8 70.5 73.7 0.9 1.5 0.8 0.8 40.3 38.2 30.0 36.4 39.1 29.6  

Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

.. 14 3 269 9 0.9 .. 8.4 2.4 .. .. .. .. .. ..  

.. 5.3 23.0 ..   42.2 47.6 9.4 0.3 71.9 3.1 2.7  

9 14 3 93 9 0.9 14.5 8.2 2.3 .. .. .. .. .. ..  

.. –2.0 21.2 ..

51.0 62.9 4.9 0.5 98.1 .. ..

15 6 166 12 2.0 14.1 7.5

.. 2.0 20.3 ..

65.9 90.3 8.2 3.2 150.9 ..

Infrastructure     107 135 20,868 Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) 1,312 1,633 321,602 Port container traffic (thousand TEU) 16,116 15,738 8,906 Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) .. .. Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) 100.5 171.6 121.0 Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) 74.5 91.5 78.2 Individuals using the Internet (%) The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2015

83


France High income Highincome group 2013 2013

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%)

84

2015

63.2 65.9 1,306 28.8 30.1 646 8.9 10.4 7.7 36,010 43,520 39,812 1.6 0.5 0.9 1.9 1.7 1.5 21.5 19.8 24.8 13.3 11.3 15.0 76.6 78.5 73.7 1.7 0.9 0.8 0.8 26.4 28.3 30.0 26.8 29.8 29.6  

.. 7 5 132 19 1.9 .. 117.3 2.9 .. .. .. .. .. ..  

.. 4.0 21.7 ..   70.7 66.9 5.4 3.5 89.8 4.9 4.4  

728 4,001 7,655 .. 78.3 42.9

31 5 5 137 10 1.9 7.4 121.5 2.9 .. .. .. .. .. ..  

.. 0.2 22.1 ..

100.9 88.6 5.4 4.5 111.3 .. ..

15 6 166 12 2.0 14.1 7.5

.. 2.0 20.3 ..

65.9 90.3 8.2 3.2 150.9 ..

740 20,868 6,372 321,602 7,292 8,906 .. 98.5 121.0 81.9 78.2

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


French Polynesia High income Highincome group 2013 2013

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

0.25 0.10 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms)

Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%) The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..   .. .. .. ..     .. .. .. .. .. .. ..  

.. 70 .. .. 47.1 21.5 2015

0.28 1,306 0.12 646 .. 7.7 .. 39,812 .. 0.9 .. 1.5 .. 24.8 .. 15.0 .. 73.7 .. .. .. 30.0 .. 29.6

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..  

.. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

15 6 166 12 2.0 14.1 7.5

.. 2.0 20.3 ..

65.9 90.3 8.2 3.2 150.9 ..

.. 20,868 84 321,602 .. 8,906 .. 85.6 121.0 56.8 78.2

85


Gabon Sub-Saharan Africa

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2013 2013

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%)

86

2015

1.4 1.7 0.49 0.63 21.0 19.6 5,080 10,650 1.6 3.9 4.9 4.0 61.4 64.0 4.1 .. 33.8 32.0 3.7 0.5 527.5 494.0 64.7 58.7 27.7 34.8  

.. 57 8 488 19 5.0 .. 2.6 3.4 .. .. .. .. .. ..  

204 3.8 21.3 17.1

.. 13.2 11.1 14.1 9.4 0.6 12.8

9 .. 915 .. 53.4 4.9

144 50 7 488 20 5.0 15.8 3.5 4.1 .. .. .. .. .. ..  

2,409 1,264 5.9 7,604 5.7 7.6 36.7 23.0 55.6

30.3 30.1

26 7 323 20 2.6 17.5 3.0

475 426,038 4.4 3.3 33.3 31.6 .. .. .. 17.5 11.5 3.4 13.7 .. ..  

.. 48.0 10.7 3.6 98.0 6.0

1 7,427 188 262,896 907 2,932 .. 214.8 99.8 9.2 44.8

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Gambia, The Sub-Saharan Africa

Low income Lowincome group 2013 2013

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

1.4 0.60 7.2 410 3.2 .. .. .. .. 4.8 28.6 20.7 49.6

Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms)

.. 28 8 376 23 2.0 .. .. .. 7.3 13.6 60.3 14.3 63.9 22.2  

Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

7 8.6 29.5 13.9

115.3 25.9 .. .. 9.6 30.2 17.6

Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%) The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

.. .. .. 21.0 17.2 3.8 2015

1.8 0.77 7.0 500 3.9 .. .. .. .. 5.7 35.5 37.0 50.8

138 26 7 376 19 2.0 6.1 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..  

849 391 5.1 728 6.0 26.2 23.4 12.1 50.6

22.0 35.9

29 8 265 35 3.4 19.2 0.3

35 30,934 2.8 3.8 20.7 25.2 13.7 .. .. 43.7 .. .. 15.4 22.5 14.6  

2 .. .. .. 100.0 14.0

.. 37.6 .. .. 27.6 10.7

385 .. 219 54.6 7.1

87


Georgia Europe & Central Asia

Lower middle income Lower middleincome Country data group 2005 2013 2013

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%)

88

2015

4.4 2.3 13.8 1,360 7.5 16.7 26.8 13.7 56.5 8.2 1.8 33.7 51.6

.. 21 8 448 54 3.3 .. 4.0 1.4 3.9 39.8 .. 27.8 .. 17.5  

241 7.1 28.1 22.2

40.9 10.5 18.8 1.2 14.7 8.9 10.1

5 185 1,715 .. 26.2 6.1

4.5 2.4 14.3 3,560 4.2 9.4 24.0 13.4 66.6 –0.5 1.7 44.7 57.6

15 2 2 362 9 2.0 14.3 14.9 4.9 0.9 0.2 54.1 27.6 8.7 7.7  

2,561 1,014 5.3 2,074 5.8 17.0 32.1 17.1 51.1

27.1 31.2

22 7 315 25 2.9 15.9 1.1

3,094 402,668 5.9 2.1 21.9 25.5 17.7 18.8 32.5 29.6 16.8 3.0 39.8 14.4 3.9  

.. 47.1 10.3 4.5 41.5 7.1

3 2,437 277 62,268 1,918 736 1.0 115.0 85.2 43.1 21.2

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Germany High income Highincome group 2013 2013

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

82.5 80.7 1,306 41.3 42.0 646 11.1 5.3 7.7 35,880 47,250 39,812 0.4 0.8 0.9 0.8 0.9 1.5 29.3 30.7 24.8 22.3 22.2 15.0 70.0 68.4 73.7 1.5 1.5 0.8 0.8 37.8 45.6 30.0 32.7 39.8 29.6  

Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

.. 22 9 196 8 1.2 .. 66.9 1.2 1.2 14.8 .. 42.2 3.2 ..  

.. 2.1 19.1 ..   43.3 97.4 4.1 4.1 109.0 8.2 7.0  

14 15 9 218 9 1.2 23.3 69.3 1.3 .. .. .. .. .. ..  

.. 1.4 19.8 ..

55.2 108.0 5.5 2.7 93.1 .. ..

15 6 166 12 2.0 14.1 7.5

.. 2.0 20.3 ..

65.9 90.3 8.2 3.2 150.9 ..

Infrastructure     928 20,868 Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) 1,024 13,599 19,039 321,602 Port container traffic (thousand TEU) 7,113 7,081 8,906 Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) .. .. Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) 94.6 120.9 121.0 Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) 68.7 84.0 78.2 Individuals using the Internet (%) The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2015

89


Ghana Sub-Saharan Africa

Lower middle income Lower middleincome Country data group 2005 2013 2013

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%)

90

2015

21.4 8.9 3.8 470 5.1 40.9 27.5 9.5 31.6 15.1 0.9 36.4 61.7

.. 17 11 304 47 1.9 .. 7.3 0.6 3.2 18.1 69.1 21.4 24.4 6.8  

756 1.4 29.0 17.0

.. 23.7 10.3 13.0 15.5 .. ..

3 544 259 9.5 13.4 1.8

25.9 11.0 4.6 1,770 8.5 21.9 28.5 5.8 49.6 11.6 2.0 42.2 47.2

70 14 8 224 19 1.9 18.6 13.2 0.9 4.0 11.4 69.4 25.3 44.7 9.2  

2,561 1,014 5.3 2,074 5.8 17.0 32.1 17.1 51.1

27.1 31.2

22 7 315 25 2.9 15.9 1.1

5,742 402,668 6.7 2.1 22.7 25.5 5.9 18.8 .. 22.8 14.7 12.0 17.0 .. ..  

.. 47.1 10.3 4.5 41.5 7.1

17 2,437 793 62,268 344 736 8.4 108.2 85.2 12.3 21.2

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Greece High income Highincome group 2013 2013

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

11.1 11.0 1,306 5.1 5.0 646 9.8 27.3 7.7 22,510 22,690 39,812 4.2 –4.5 0.9 4.8 3.8 1.5 19.3 13.8 24.8 9.4 8.5 15.0 75.9 82.4 73.7 3.5 –0.9 0.8 0.8 21.3 30.2 30.0 29.6 33.2 29.6  

Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%)

.. 38 15 264 20 2.0 .. 5.2 0.7 1.8 55.9 .. 26.3 7.0 11.7  

.. 0.3 20.7 ..   121.6 81.3 7.0 6.3 77.1 3.5 4.3  

131 1,779 5,247 .. 92.9 24.0

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2015

61 13 5 193 15 3.5 18.2 5.8 0.8 .. .. .. .. .. ..  

.. 1.2 11.2 ..

163.6 92.9 8.3 31.9 122.6 .. ..

15 6 166 12 2.0 14.1 7.5

.. 2.0 20.3 ..

65.9 90.3 8.2 3.2 150.9 ..

99 20,868 3,492 321,602 5,380 8,906 .. 116.8 121.0 59.9 78.2

91


Greenland High income Highincome group 2013 2013

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

0.06 0.06 1,306 .. .. 646 .. .. 7.7 29,690 26,020 39,812 0.7 .. 0.9 .. .. 1.5 .. .. 24.8 .. .. 15.0 .. .. 73.7 .. .. 6.0 5.4 .. .. 30.0 .. .. 29.6  

Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms)

Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%)

92

2015

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..  

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..  

.. .. .. ..   .. .. .. .. .. .. ..  

.. .. .. .. 81.6 57.7

.. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

15 6 166 12 2.0 14.1 7.5

.. 2.0 20.3 ..

65.9 90.3 8.2 3.2 150.9 ..

.. 20,868 .. 321,602 .. 8,906 .. 106.0 121.0 65.8 78.2

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Grenada Latin America & Caribbean

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2013 2013

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

0.10 .. .. 6,760 4.5 3.4 26.5 3.4 70.1 3.5 2.7 21.4 57.0

Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%) The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

.. 20 6 140 19 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..  

19 10.1 46.3 ..

.. 80.2 .. .. 58.0 7.4 7.2

.. .. .. .. 45.5 20.5 2015

0.11 .. .. 7,490 –0.5 5.6 15.2 3.6 79.2 0.0 2.7 25.1 50.7

126 15 6 140 9 .. 27.6 .. .. 7.7 1.9 72.5 50.3 22.9 32.6  

2,409 1,264 5.9 7,604 5.7 7.6 36.7 23.0 55.6

30.3 30.1

26 7 323 20 2.6 17.5 3.0

24 426,038 8.9 3.3 20.1 31.6 .. .. .. 86.2 .. 13.8 74.9 7.1 6.6  

.. 48.0 10.7 3.6 98.0 6.0

.. 7,427 .. 262,896 .. 2,932 0.7 125.6 99.8 35.0 44.8

93


Guam High income Highincome group 2013 2013

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

0.16 0.07 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms)

Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%)

94

2015

0.17 1,306 0.08 646 .. 7.7 .. 39,812 .. 0.9 .. 1.5 .. 24.8 .. 15.0 .. 73.7 .. .. .. 30.0 .. 29.6

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..  

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..  

.. .. .. ..   .. .. .. .. .. .. ..  

.. 165 .. .. 61.9 38.6

.. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

15 6 166 12 2.0 14.1 7.5

.. 2.0 20.3 ..

65.9 90.3 8.2 3.2 150.9 ..

.. 20,868 225 321,602 .. 8,906 .. .. 121.0 65.4 78.2

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Guatemala Latin America & Caribbean

Lower middle income Lower middleincome Country data group 2005 2013 2013

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

12.7 4.7 2.5 2,070 3.1 13.4 29.3 20.2 57.3 9.1 7.6 25.1 41.0

Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%) The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

.. 39 15 344 18 3.0 .. 4.2 0.6 9.2 3.8 65.8 22.8 35.3 8.0  

712 2.0 18.3 18.8

21.3 36.9 8.4 2.4 25.4 7.0 8.7

.. 776 479 1.2 35.6 5.7 2015

15.5 6.2 2.8 3,340 3.1 11.3 29.0 20.2 59.7 4.3 7.9 23.7 35.0

73 19 6 256 17 3.0 24.9 4.3 0.5 10.2 3.9 69.8 26.2 17.8 11.9  

2,561 1,014 5.3 2,074 5.8 17.0 32.1 17.1 51.1

27.1 31.2

22 7 315 25 2.9 15.9 1.1

3,538 402,668 2.5 2.1 14.3 25.5 11.4 18.8 24.3 40.5 9.1 1.2 32.6 10.0 8.1  

.. 47.1 10.3 4.5 41.5 7.1

8 2,437 1,212 62,268 539 736 2.3 140.4 85.2 19.7 21.2

95


Guinea Sub-Saharan Africa

Low income Lowincome group 2013 2013

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%)

96

2015

9.6 11.7 3.8 4.9 1.9 1.8 340 460 3.0 2.6 24.2 20.2 34.8 37.7 6.6 6.5 41.1 42.1 31.4 11.9 3,644.3 7,006.4 34.8 28.5 35.1 54.6  

.. 40 12 416 34 3.8 .. .. .. 2.6 57.3 62.8 2.6 16.1 5.2  

51 3.6 18.6 15.8

.. 11.2 .. .. 5.7 .. ..

.. .. .. 31.5 2.0 0.5

169 8 6 440 36 3.8 0.0 1.4 0.2 .. .. .. .. .. ..  

849 391 5.1 728 6.0 26.2 23.4 12.1 50.6

22.0 35.9

29 8 265 35 3.4 19.2 0.3

1,095 30,934 2.2 3.8 15.0 25.2 11.0 .. .. 23.6 .. .. 9.1 .. ..  

.. .. .. .. 63.3 1.6

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

.. 37.6 .. .. 27.6 10.7

385 .. 219 54.6 7.1


Guinea-Bissau Sub-Saharan Africa

Low income Lowincome group 2013 2013

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

1.4 0.59 6.9 400 1.5 45.6 14.5 .. 39.9 3.3 527.5 .. ..

Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%) The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

.. 259 17 208 27 .. .. .. .. 2.9 22.7 53.7 1.1 20.5 8.4  

7 1.5 .. ..

.. 3.8 .. .. 1.1 .. ..

.. .. .. 5.2 7.0 1.9 2015

1.7 0.73 7.1 590 3.4 43.7 13.7 .. 42.7 0.7 494.0 .. ..

179 9 9 208 25 .. 15.1 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..  

849 391 5.1 728 6.0 26.2 23.4 12.1 50.6

22.0 35.9

29 8 265 35 3.4 19.2 0.3

136 30,934 1.5 3.8 .. 25.2 .. .. .. 20.2 .. .. 14.0 .. ..  

.. .. .. .. 74.1 3.1

.. 37.6 .. .. 27.6 10.7

385 .. 219 54.6 7.1

97


Guyana Latin America & Caribbean

Lower middle income Lower middleincome Country data group 2005 2013 2013

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%)

98

2015

0.76 0.29 12.6 1,030 0.8 34.6 20.0 3.7 45.4 6.9 199.9 84.6 119.2

.. 42 8 288 21 3.0 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..  

89 9.3 24.8 19.0

.. 84.7 .. .. 57.1 6.2 12.0

.. .. .. .. 37.0 13.8

0.80 0.31 11.1 3,750 4.4 21.9 32.8 3.7 45.3 1.8 205.4 .. ..

123 19 8 256 19 3.0 21.3 .. .. 11.5 4.6 59.9 59.4 36.9 29.5  

2,561 1,014 5.3 2,074 5.8 17.0 32.1 17.1 51.1

27.1 31.2

22 7 315 25 2.9 15.9 1.1

26 402,668 6.7 2.1 24.9 25.5 9.4 18.8 .. 57.5 .. .. 44.6 13.3 12.4  

.. 47.1 10.3 4.5 41.5 7.1

7 2,437 .. 62,268 .. 736 8.4 69.4 85.2 33.0 21.2

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Haiti Latin America & Caribbean

Low income Lowincome group 2013 2013

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%) The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

9.3 3.7 7.4 410 –0.7 .. .. .. .. 15.7 40.4 14.0 42.9

.. 202 13 184 44 .. .. 0.1 0.0 .. .. .. .. .. ..  

24 0.6 .. ..

.. 34.5 .. .. 14.5 19.9 34.8

.. .. 37 .. 5.4 6.4 2015

10.3 4.4 7.0 810 1.6 .. .. .. .. 5.9 43.1 18.2 52.9

180 97 12 184 28 .. 23.8 0.4 0.1 .. .. .. .. .. ..  

849 391 5.1 728 6.0 26.2 23.4 12.1 50.6

22.0 35.9

29 8 265 35 3.4 19.2 0.3

364 30,934 2.2 3.8 .. 25.2 .. .. .. 36.9 .. .. 19.0 2.0 8.0  

.. .. 32 .. 69.4 10.6

.. 37.6 .. .. 27.6 10.7

385 .. 219 54.6 7.1

99


Honduras Latin America & Caribbean

Lower middle income Lower middleincome Country data group 2005 2013 2013

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%)

100

2015

6.9 2.5 4.2 1,380 4.7 13.7 28.7 20.9 57.6 8.8 19.0 59.0 77.5

.. 69 12 424 19 3.8 .. .. .. 4.5 6.1 71.0 36.0 27.6 16.5  

822 6.2 24.9 20.4

.. 42.6 9.6 6.6 39.4 10.8 7.9

.. 553 620 1.9 18.6 6.5

8.1 3.3 4.2 2,180 2.8 13.4 27.3 18.8 59.3 5.2 20.4 47.9 69.5

104 14 12 224 12 3.8 29.8 .. .. 17.0 2.8 63.2 25.6 23.3 16.3  

2,561 1,014 5.3 2,074 5.8 17.0 32.1 17.1 51.1

27.1 31.2

22 7 315 25 2.9 15.9 1.1

3,172 402,668 5.8 2.1 24.5 25.5 20.9 18.8 .. 47.5 11.1 3.4 55.2 18.1 8.4  

.. 47.1 10.3 4.5 41.5 7.1

19 2,437 671 62,268 708 736 2.3 95.9 85.2 17.8 21.2

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Hong Kong SAR, China High income Highincome group 2013 2013

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

6.8 7.2 1,306 3.6 3.7 646 5.6 3.3 7.7 28,890 38,420 39,812 4.2 3.0 0.9 0.1 0.1 1.5 8.7 7.2 24.8 2.9 1.5 15.0 91.3 92.7 73.7 0.9 4.4 7.8 7.8 194.7 229.6 30.0 182.4 228.7 29.6  

Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

.. 11 5 80 14 1.1 .. 73.4 14.6 .. .. .. .. .. ..  

.. 22.6 21.4 ..   31.6 241.7 13.0 1.4 143.1 7.9 6.5  

3 3 3 78 6 0.8 17.6 150.2 28.1 .. .. .. .. .. ..  

.. 28.0 23.9 ..

.. 337.9 8.7 0.5 219.5 3.6 5.0

15 6 166 12 2.0 14.1 7.5

.. 2.0 20.3 ..

65.9 90.3 8.2 3.2 150.9 ..

Infrastructure     123 197 20,868 Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) 22,602 22,352 321,602 Port container traffic (thousand TEU) 5,878 5,949 8,906 Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) .. .. Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) 123.9 237.4 121.0 Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) 56.9 74.2 78.2 Individuals using the Internet (%) The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2015

101


Hungary Europe & Central Asia

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2013 2013

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%)

102

2015

10.1 9.9 4.3 4.4 7.2 10.2 10,410 13,260 4.2 –0.7 4.3 4.4 31.4 30.2 22.2 22.8 64.3 65.4 3.6 1.7 199.6 223.7 63.2 88.8 65.4 81.2  

.. 38 6 340 16 2.0 .. 21.7 3.1 4.0 24.2 .. 41.8 9.8 27.4  

.. 7.6 23.9 ..

67.9 40.7 8.3 2.3 50.5 6.0 3.4

47 .. 3,771 .. 92.3 39.0

54 5 4 277 17 2.0 11.8 32.3 4.8 11.3 0.0 12.9 25.3 23.6 48.8  

2,409 1,264 5.9 7,604 5.7 7.6 36.7 23.0 55.6

30.3 30.1

26 7 323 20 2.6 17.5 3.0

.. 426,038 –3.2 3.3 19.9 31.6 .. .. 84.7 43.1 9.1 16.7 50.8 3.2 3.8  

.. 48.0 10.7 3.6 98.0 6.0

92 7,427 .. 262,896 3,895 2,932 0.3 116.4 99.8 72.6 44.8

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Iceland High income Highincome group 2013 2013

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

0.30 0.32 1,306 0.17 0.19 646 2.6 5.6 7.7 50,730 46,290 39,812 4.0 0.2 0.9 5.8 7.7 1.5 25.7 24.5 24.8 10.8 13.5 15.0 68.5 67.8 73.7 4.0 3.9 63.0 122.2 30.4 55.7 30.0 42.2 47.4 29.6  

Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

.. 5 5 140 10 1.0 .. 2.9 14.9 .. .. .. .. .. ..  

.. 15.7 29.5 ..   38.2 65.9 7.3 1.1 240.3 10.9 7.2  

12 4 5 140 10 1.0 9.0 1.7 8.2 .. .. .. .. .. ..  

.. 3.1 15.1 ..

112.6 81.6 23.3 4.3 91.5 6.0 ..

15 6 166 12 2.0 14.1 7.5

.. 2.0 20.3 ..

65.9 90.3 8.2 3.2 150.9 ..

Infrastructure     12 27 20,868 Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) 292 224 321,602 Port container traffic (thousand TEU) 27,988 52,374 8,906 Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) .. .. Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) 95.4 108.1 121.0 Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) 87.0 96.5 78.2 Individuals using the Internet (%) The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2015

103


India South Asia

Lower middle income Lower middleincome Country data group 2005 2013 2013

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms)

1,127.1 1,252.1 464.5 481.2 4.4 3.6 740 1,570 6.7 7.3 18.8 18.0 28.1 30.7 15.4 17.3 53.1 51.3 4.2 10.9 44.3 60.5 19.3 25.2 22.0 28.1  

.. 70 11 264 27 4.3 .. 38.1 0.1 6.7 52.3 .. 36.4 29.5 22.5  

142 28 12 243 17 4.3 25.3 99.6 0.1 1.9 15.3 50.1 36.4 21.9 27.5  

2,561 1,014 5.3 2,074 5.8 17.0 32.1 17.1 51.1

27.1 31.2

22 7 315 25 2.9 15.9 1.1

Private sector investment     Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) 33,775 275,483 402,668 0.9 1.5 2.1 Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) 30.3 29.7 25.5 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 23.0 21.9 18.8 Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)     Finance and banking       61.2 50.3 .. Government debt (% of GDP) 53.7 65.6 47.1 Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) 6.6 6.9 10.3 Bank capital to asset ratio (%) 5.2 4.0 4.5 Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) 39.4 51.9 41.5 Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) 6.2 3.8 Real interest rate (%) .. .. 7.1 Interest rate spread (percentage points)     Infrastructure       330 681 2,437 Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) 4,982 10,653 62,268 Port container traffic (thousand TEU) 461 684 736 Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) .. 13.8 Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) 8.0 70.8 85.2 Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) 2.4 15.1 21.2 Individuals using the Internet (%)

104

2015

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Indonesia East Asia & Pacific

Lower middle income Lower middleincome Country data group 2005 2013 2013

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

224.5 249.9 106.4 120.3 11.2 6.3 1,230 3,580 4.7 5.9 13.1 14.4 46.5 45.7 27.4 23.7 40.3 39.9 10.5 6.4 9,704.7 10,461.2 34.1 23.7 29.9 25.7  

Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

.. 151 12 560 22 5.5 .. 23.3 0.2 .. .. .. .. .. ..  

27.1 31.2

22 7 315 25 2.9 15.9 1.1

8,168 31,978 402,668 2.9 2.7 2.1 23.6 31.7 25.5 .. .. 18.8  

Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%)

114 53 10 254 17 1.9 16.7 47.5 0.3 .. .. .. .. .. ..  

2,561 1,014 5.3 2,074 5.8 17.0 32.1 17.1 51.1

47.3 38.8 8.7 7.3 26.4 –0.2 6.0

.. 36.4 12.5 1.7 37.9 7.0 5.4

.. 47.1 10.3 4.5 41.5 7.1

321 664 2,437 5,503 10,790 62,268 504 680 736 .. .. 20.9 125.4 85.2 3.6 15.8 21.2

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2015

105


Iran, Islamic Rep. Middle East & North Africa

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2013 2013

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%)

106

2015

70.2 77.4 24.8 26.6 12.1 13.2 2,530 5,780 5.9 3.0 10.2 .. 44.7 .. 10.7 .. 45.1 .. 13.4 39.3 8,964.0 18,414.4 33.1 .. 24.7 ..  

.. 27 7 344 26 4.5 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..  

1,345 1.5 27.0 17.9

.. 33.8 .. .. 30.0 –0.9 4.2

121 1,326 2,068 .. 12.1 8.1

130 12 6 344 25 4.5 17.8 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..  

2,409 1,264 5.9 7,604 5.7 7.6 36.7 23.0 55.6

30.3 30.1

26 7 323 20 2.6 17.5 3.0

3,419 426,038 0.8 3.3 .. 31.6 .. .. .. 15.6 .. .. 12.2 –5.8 –3.8  

.. 48.0 10.7 3.6 98.0 6.0

157 7,427 3,179 262,896 2,649 2,932 .. 84.2 99.8 31.4 44.8

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Iraq Middle East & North Africa

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2013 2013

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

27.4 33.4 6.6 8.5 18.0 16.0 1,990 6,720 –1.1 6.8 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 37.0 1.9 1,472.0 1,166.0 54.3 34.0 61.4 32.7  

Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%) The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

.. 32 11 312 102 .. .. 7.8 0.5 .. .. .. .. .. ..  

984 1.0 13.8 ..

.. 7.4 .. .. 1.6 –14.1 7.1

.. .. 823 .. 5.6 0.9 2015

156 29 10 312 80 .. 14.3 2.3 0.1 6.5 29.1 49.3 4.6 19.6 4.2  

2,409 1,264 5.9 7,604 5.7 7.6 36.7 23.0 55.6

30.3 30.1

26 7 323 20 2.6 17.5 3.0

8,970 426,038 1.2 3.3 16.7 31.6 .. .. .. 18.5 .. .. 6.5 11.1 7.4  

.. 48.0 10.7 3.6 98.0 6.0

5 7,427 .. 262,896 1,343 2,932 41.0 96.1 99.8 9.2 44.8

107


Ireland High income Highincome group 2013 2013

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%)

108

2015

4.2 4.6 1,306 2.1 2.2 646 4.3 13.1 7.7 43,570 43,090 39,812 4.7 –0.7 0.9 1.3 1.6 1.5 33.0 24.1 24.8 21.2 19.4 15.0 65.7 74.3 73.7 2.4 0.5 0.8 0.8 78.3 105.3 30.0 67.1 84.5 29.6  

.. 18 4 76 8 0.4 .. 17.0 6.0 2.3 11.0 .. 46.1 28.3 17.2  

.. 22.4 28.9 ..   31.8 86.9 4.3 0.5 154.1 –0.3 2.6  

304 973 6,242 .. 102.7 41.6

13 6 4 80 8 0.4 12.4 13.8 4.5 .. .. .. .. .. ..  

.. 21.5 15.2 ..

120.5 104.4 8.1 25.3 168.0 .. ..

15 6 166 12 2.0 14.1 7.5

.. 2.0 20.3 ..

65.9 90.3 8.2 3.2 150.9 ..

669 20,868 794 321,602 5,701 8,906 .. 102.8 121.0 78.2 78.2

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Isle of Man High income Highincome group 2013 2013

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

0.08 .. .. 38,440 5.8 .. .. .. .. .. 0.6 .. ..

Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%) The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. 2.7 54.4 .. .. .. .. .. ..  

.. .. .. ..   .. .. .. .. .. .. ..  

.. .. .. .. .. ..

2015

0.09 1,306 .. 646 .. 7.7 .. 39,812 .. 0.9 .. 1.5 .. 24.8 .. 15.0 .. 73.7 .. .. .. 30.0 .. 29.6

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. 2.3 45.3 .. .. .. .. .. ..  

.. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

15 6 166 12 2.0 14.1 7.5

.. 2.0 20.3 ..

65.9 90.3 8.2 3.2 150.9 ..

.. 20,868 .. 321,602 .. 8,906 .. .. 121.0 .. 78.2

109


Israel High income Highincome group 2013 2013

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%)

110

2015

6.9 8.1 1,306 2.8 3.7 646 9.0 6.3 7.7 21,220 33,930 39,812 2.0 3.9 0.9 .. .. 1.5 .. .. 24.8 .. .. 15.0 .. .. 73.7 1.3 1.5 4.5 3.6 41.0 32.9 30.0 41.2 31.6 29.6  

.. 19 5 230 12 3.0 .. 14.4 3.3 .. .. .. .. .. ..  

.. 3.4 18.4 ..   .. 84.4 8.3 2.3 85.2 5.6 3.5  

34 1,712 6,572 .. 117.5 25.2

40 13 5 235 10 2.0 23.2 14.5 3.0 4.3 0.0 17.4 34.3 55.3 33.0  

.. 4.1 19.5 ..

.. 89.5 10.8 2.9 89.4 1.4 3.3

15 6 166 12 2.0 14.1 7.5

.. 2.0 20.3 ..

65.9 90.3 8.2 3.2 150.9 ..

47 20,868 2,539 321,602 6,926 8,906 0.1 122.8 121.0 70.8 78.2

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Italy High income Highincome group 2013 2013

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

58.0 60.2 1,306 24.4 25.4 646 7.7 12.2 7.7 32,390 35,620 39,812 0.8 –1.1 0.9 2.2 2.3 1.5 25.8 23.3 24.8 17.2 14.9 15.0 71.9 74.4 73.7 2.0 1.2 0.8 0.8 24.6 28.6 30.0 24.8 26.3 29.6  

Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%)

.. 13 9 340 20 1.8 .. 84.1 2.2 .. .. .. .. .. ..  

.. 1.1 21.1 ..   108.7 52.1 4.6 7.0 85.8 3.4 4.9  

56 5 5 269 19 1.8 19.9 75.6 1.9 .. .. .. .. .. ..  

.. 0.6 17.8 ..

126.2 92.2 5.5 16.5 117.0 3.7 ..

15 6 166 12 2.0 14.1 7.5

.. 2.0 20.3 ..

65.9 90.3 8.2 3.2 150.9 ..

446 250 20,868 9,857 12,165 321,602 5,731 5,515 8,906 .. .. 121.9 158.8 121.0 35.0 58.5 78.2

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2015

111


Jamaica Latin America & Caribbean

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2013 2013

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%)

112

2015

2.6 1.2 10.9 .. .. 5.9 25.0 8.8 69.0 15.3 63.2 35.3 55.2

.. 8 6 414 19 1.1 .. 1.7 1.0 .. .. .. .. .. ..  

1,365 5.8 26.7 ..

121.1 40.4 9.3 2.9 21.0 5.3 9.9

22 1,672 2,484 .. 73.9 12.8

2.7 1.3 15.0 5,220 –0.6 6.7 20.8 9.2 72.5 9.3 100.2 30.4 53.0

58 15 2 368 20 1.1 19.5 1.9 1.1 1.7 14.3 66.4 53.1 20.5 16.5  

2,409 1,264 5.9 7,604 5.7 7.6 36.7 23.0 55.6

30.3 30.1

26 7 323 20 2.6 17.5 3.0

1,320 426,038 4.6 3.3 19.7 31.6 .. .. .. 41.0 .. .. 29.6 8.7 14.1  

.. 48.0 10.7 3.6 98.0 6.0

0 7,427 2,319 262,896 1,553 2,932 2.5 102.2 99.8 37.8 44.8

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Japan High income Highincome group 2013 2013

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

127.8 127.3 1,306 66.6 65.5 646 4.4 4.0 7.7 39,140 46,330 39,812 1.3 0.2 0.9 1.2 1.2 1.5 28.1 25.6 24.8 19.9 18.2 15.0 70.6 73.2 73.7 –0.3 0.4 110.2 97.6 14.3 16.2 30.0 12.9 19.0 29.6  

Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

.. 30 11 315 11 0.6 .. 80.0 0.9 .. .. .. .. .. ..  

.. 0.1 22.3 17.5   144.3 191.3 4.8 1.8 194.2 3.0 1.4  

29 11 8 330 11 0.6 28.9 91.8 1.2 .. .. .. .. .. ..  

.. 0.1 21.7 16.9

196.0 223.4 5.5 2.3 188.3 1.9 0.8

15 6 166 12 2.0 14.1 7.5

.. 2.0 20.3 ..

65.9 90.3 8.2 3.2 150.9 ..

Infrastructure     652 916 20,868 Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) 17,055 19,688 321,602 Port container traffic (thousand TEU) 8,213 7,848 8,906 Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) .. .. Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) 76.0 117.6 121.0 Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) 66.9 86.3 78.2 Individuals using the Internet (%) The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2015

113


Jordan Middle East & North Africa

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2013 2013

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%)

114

2015

5.4 1.4 14.9 2,490 6.3 3.1 28.6 17.9 68.3 3.5 0.7 52.7 94.2

.. 16 10 136 28 3.0 .. 1.8 0.6 6.7 0.9 .. 18.3 47.1 15.5  

1,758 15.8 30.6 24.5

80.0 116.2 8.2 6.6 88.1 5.5 4.7

20 414 1,682 0.9 59.9 12.9

6.5 1.8 12.6 4,950 4.2 3.4 29.7 19.4 66.9 5.5 0.7 42.5 71.3

117 12 7 151 12 3.0 13.2 3.9 1.0 5.3 14.4 20.6 26.1 13.2 6.8  

2,409 1,264 5.9 7,604 5.7 7.6 36.7 23.0 55.6

30.3 30.1

26 7 323 20 2.6 17.5 3.0

6,443 426,038 5.3 3.3 27.2 31.6 23.6 .. 66.8 95.8 12.9 7.0 72.3 3.2 4.2  

.. 48.0 10.7 3.6 98.0 6.0

39 7,427 759 262,896 2,289 2,932 0.2 141.8 99.8 44.2 44.8

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Kazakhstan Europe & Central Asia

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2013 2013

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

15.1 17.0 7.9 9.2 8.1 5.2 2,950 11,550 10.1 5.3 6.8 4.9 40.1 36.9 12.8 11.6 53.1 58.2 7.6 5.8 132.9 152.1 53.2 38.2 44.6 26.7  

Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

.. 25 8 271 89 1.5 .. 20.4 2.0 3.2 58.7 .. 34.3 6.7 11.1  

1,685 4.5 28.0 23.4

Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%)

13.2 21.6 9.0 3.3 35.7 .. ..

17 .. 4,012 .. 35.8 3.0

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2015

77 10 6 188 79 1.5 15.9 19.6 1.7 5.5 22.3 34.7 13.0 31.6 15.0  

2,409 1,264 5.9 7,604 5.7 7.6 36.7 23.0 55.6

30.3 30.1

26 7 323 20 2.6 17.5 3.0

6,275 426,038 4.2 3.3 21.2 31.6 16.2 .. .. 27.9 13.2 19.5 35.6 .. ..  

.. 48.0 10.7 3.6 98.0 6.0

55 7,427 .. 262,896 4,893 2,932 0.5 184.7 99.8 54.0 44.8

115


Kenya Sub-Saharan Africa

Low income Lowincome group 2013 2013

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%)

116

2015

35.8 13.3 9.5 520 3.4 27.2 19.1 11.8 53.7 10.3 75.6 28.5 36.0

.. 54 13 372 45 4.5 .. 7.3 0.4 5.1 32.3 .. 26.0 40.5 9.8  

1,434 0.1 18.7 16.2

.. 34.2 11.0 25.6 25.9 7.6 7.8

28 585 136 5.8 12.9 3.1

44.4 17.2 9.2 1,160 5.0 29.5 19.8 11.7 50.7 5.7 86.1 17.7 33.2

136 30 10 202 26 4.5 30.8 .. .. 7.2 17.5 59.1 41.1 42.5 22.3  

849 391 5.1 728 6.0 26.2 23.4 12.1 50.6

22.0 35.9

29 8 265 35 3.4 19.2 0.3

6,909 30,934 0.9 3.8 20.4 25.2 .. .. .. 37.2 11.8 5.0 31.6 10.9 8.7  

74 853 155 6.3 71.8 39.0

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

.. 37.6 .. .. 27.6 10.7

385 .. 219 54.6 7.1


Kiribati East Asia & Pacific

Lower middle income Lower middleincome Country data group 2005 2013 2013

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

0.09 .. .. 1,800 2.0 23.7 7.8 5.5 68.5 .. 1.3 14.1 123.0

Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

.. 31 7 120 21 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..  

.. 2.5 .. ..

Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%)

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. 0.7 4.0 2015

0.10 .. .. 2,620 1.9 25.3 8.2 5.5 66.5 .. 1.0 10.5 110.5

134 31 7 120 20 .. 24.3 0.0 0.1 .. .. .. .. .. ..  

2,561 1,014 5.3 2,074 5.8 17.0 32.1 17.1 51.1

27.1 31.2

22 7 315 25 2.9 15.9 1.1

.. 402,668 5.3 2.1 .. 25.5 .. 18.8 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..  

.. 47.1 10.3 4.5 41.5 7.1

.. 2,437 .. 62,268 .. 736 .. 16.6 85.2 11.5 21.2

117


Korea, Dem. People’s Rep. East Asia & Pacific

Low income Lowincome group 2013 2013

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

23.8 14.3 4.6 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms)

Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%)

118

2015

24.9 15.2 4.6 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..   .. .. .. ..  

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..  

22.0 35.9

29 8 265 35 3.4 19.2 0.3

474 30,934 .. 3.8 .. 25.2 .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

2 .. 810 .. 0.0 0.0

849 391 5.1 728 6.0 26.2 23.4 12.1 50.6

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

1 .. 739 .. 9.7 0.0

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

.. 37.6 .. .. 27.6 10.7

385 .. 219 54.6 7.1


Korea, Rep. High income Highincome group 2013 2013

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

48.1 50.2 1,306 24.0 26.1 646 3.7 3.1 7.7 17,800 25,920 39,812 4.8 3.4 0.9 3.1 2.3 1.5 37.5 38.6 24.8 28.3 31.1 15.0 59.4 59.1 73.7 2.8 1.3 1,024.1 1,094.9 36.8 53.9 30.0 34.4 48.9 29.6  

Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

.. 17 10 290 13 1.5 .. 50.3 1.4 0.1 21.3 .. 41.2 3.9 17.6  

.. 1.5 30.9 ..   .. 99.5 7.0 1.2 114.8 4.5 1.9  

5 4 3 187 8 1.5 18.4 74.0 2.0 .. .. .. .. .. ..  

.. 0.9 29.7 ..

.. 123.8 8.3 0.6 135.0 3.9 1.8

15 6 166 12 2.0 14.1 7.5

.. 2.0 20.3 ..

65.9 90.3 8.2 3.2 150.9 ..

Infrastructure     221 288 20,868 Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) 15,113 22,583 321,602 Port container traffic (thousand TEU) 7,804 10,162 8,906 Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) .. .. Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) 81.5 111.0 121.0 Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) 73.5 84.8 78.2 Individuals using the Internet (%) The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2015

119


Kosovo Europe & Central Asia

Lower middle income Lower middleincome Country data group 2005 2013 2013

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%)

120

2015

1.7 .. .. 2,550 6.4 15.0 26.1 11.3 58.8 –1.4 0.8 14.1 50.8

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.7 0.6 .. .. .. .. .. ..  

.. 3.6 24.0 16.4

.. 26.6 .. .. 18.8 17.8 10.9

.. .. 2,169 .. .. ..

1.8 .. .. 3,940 3.6 15.0 29.1 13.8 55.8 1.8 0.8 17.4 49.0

75 11 5 155 15 2.0 9.1 1.4 1.2 13.3 9.9 65.5 56.1 58.8 32.5  

2,561 1,014 5.3 2,074 5.8 17.0 32.1 17.1 51.1

27.1 31.2

22 7 315 25 2.9 15.9 1.1

1,055 402,668 4.9 2.1 24.8 25.5 14.8 18.8 .. 40.3 9.1 8.5 34.9 8.7 8.7  

.. 47.1 10.3 4.5 41.5 7.1

.. 2,437 .. 62,268 2,947 736 10.7 .. 85.2 .. 21.2

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Kuwait High income Highincome group 2013 2013

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2.3 3.4 1,306 1.2 1.7 646 2.0 3.1 7.7 34,110 45,130 39,812 9.0 1.6 0.9 .. 0.4 1.5 .. 73.3 24.8 .. 6.8 15.0 .. 26.3 73.7 4.1 2.7 0.3 0.3 64.0 71.6 30.0 28.3 26.5 29.6  

Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

.. 35 13 98 18 4.2 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..  

86 31 12 98 15 4.2 0.0 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..  

.. 0.3 14.6 ..   .. 53.0 13.0 4.1 58.5 –12.1 4.0  

.. 1.0 .. ..

.. 62.7 12.5 3.6 61.6 –0.8 2.5

15 6 166 12 2.0 14.1 7.5

.. 2.0 20.3 ..

65.9 90.3 8.2 3.2 150.9 ..

Infrastructure     19 27 20,868 Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) 673 1,216 321,602 Port container traffic (thousand TEU) 16,882 16,122 8,906 Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) .. .. Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) 60.2 190.3 121.0 Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) 25.9 75.5 78.2 Individuals using the Internet (%) The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2015

121


Kyrgyz Republic Europe & Central Asia

Lower middle income Lower middleincome Country data group 2005 2013 2013

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%)

122

2015

5.2 2.3 8.1 450 4.1 31.9 22.4 14.4 45.7 4.4 41.0 38.3 56.8

.. 21 9 202 64 4.0 .. 3.2 1.0 5.1 83.8 .. 23.6 14.1 14.7  

12 1.7 16.2 11.4

.. 8.2 21.3 6.2 8.0 18.2 20.8

5 .. 1,540 .. 10.7 10.5

5.7 2.7 8.0 1,210 4.2 17.7 26.7 15.6 55.6 6.6 48.4 47.2 95.9

102 8 2 210 63 4.0 6.4 3.4 0.9 12.0 54.8 43.2 23.3 54.6 28.0  

2,561 1,014 5.3 2,074 5.8 17.0 32.1 17.1 51.1

27.1 31.2

22 7 315 25 2.9 15.9 1.1

271 402,668 10.5 2.1 30.5 25.5 21.3 18.8 .. .. 16.9 5.5 .. 14.0 11.4  

.. 47.1 10.3 4.5 41.5 7.1

8 2,437 .. 62,268 1,642 736 0.9 121.4 85.2 23.4 21.2

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Lao PDR East Asia & Pacific

Lower middle income Lower middleincome Country data group 2005 2013 2013

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

5.8 6.8 2.7 3.4 1.4 1.4 450 1,450 6.2 8.0 36.2 26.5 24.6 33.1 9.9 8.2 39.2 40.4 7.2 6.4 10,655.2 7,823.1 34.2 37.2 46.5 46.1  

Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

.. 153 7 672 55 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..  

1,339 1.0 23.1 14.5

Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%) The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

.. 15.8 .. .. 7.4 16.7 22.1

9 .. .. .. 11.4 0.9 2015

148 92 6 362 23 .. 16.5 0.4 0.1 5.8 23.5 42.3 28.7 22.7 11.7  

2,561 1,014 5.3 2,074 5.8 17.0 32.1 17.1 51.1

27.1 31.2

22 7 315 25 2.9 15.9 1.1

6,889 402,668 3.8 2.1 29.2 25.5 21.5 18.8 .. 29.2 .. .. 20.8 11.4 19.6  

.. 47.1 10.3 4.5 41.5 7.1

20 2,437 .. 62,268 .. 736 2.6 68.1 85.2 12.5 21.2

123


Latvia High income Highincome group 2013 2013

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%)

124

2015

2.2 2.0 1,306 1.1 1.0 646 8.9 11.1 7.7 6,950 15,290 39,812 8.0 –1.5 0.9 4.0 4.1 1.5 21.6 21.8 24.8 12.6 12.2 15.0 74.5 74.1 73.7 6.7 0.0 0.6 0.5 47.8 58.8 30.0 62.2 62.7 29.6  

.. 16 5 280 13 3.0 .. 8.8 5.6 3.2 30.0 .. 45.2 23.5 9.5  

.. 5.1 30.6 30.6   .. 34.4 7.6 0.7 68.2 –3.7 3.3  

23 236 2,777 .. 84.0 46.0

23 13 4 193 10 1.5 4.9 15.8 11.6 5.2 0.9 26.5 11.1 4.9 19.6  

.. 2.8 22.2 ..

41.1 38.8 11.4 6.4 60.7 4.5 5.8

15 6 166 12 2.0 14.1 7.5

.. 2.0 20.3 ..

65.9 90.3 8.2 3.2 150.9 ..

44 20,868 333 321,602 3,264 8,906 0.3 228.4 121.0 75.2 78.2

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Lebanon Middle East & North Africa

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2013 2013

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

4.0 4.5 1.3 1.7 8.2 6.5 5,740 9,870 4.2 6.1 4.0 7.2 16.1 19.8 8.1 8.6 79.9 73.1 .. 4.0 1,507.5 1,507.5 37.8 62.5 58.6 76.1  

Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms)

.. 46 6 180 25 3.0 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..  

Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%)

291 12.3 22.7 19.0

.. 223.2 7.5 16.4 70.4 11.9 2.5

12 595 2,835 .. 24.9 10.1

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2015

104 9 5 183 22 3.0 6.1 .. .. 4.1 14.6 57.1 40.2 56.0 13.1  

2,409 1,264 5.9 7,604 5.7 7.6 36.7 23.0 55.6

30.3 30.1

26 7 323 20 2.6 17.5 3.0

.. 426,038 6.8 3.3 27.9 31.6 24.9 .. .. 233.6 7.6 4.0 98.6 5.5 1.5  

.. 48.0 10.7 3.6 98.0 6.0

20 7,427 1,117 262,896 3,499 2,932 50.5 80.6 99.8 70.5 44.8

125


Lesotho Sub-Saharan Africa

Lower middle income Lower middleincome Country data group 2005 2013 2013

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%)

126

2015

1.9 0.79 36.4 910 2.8 9.0 33.1 19.4 57.9 3.4 6.4 48.9 120.9

.. 103 9 564 44 2.6 .. 0.8 0.8 .. .. .. .. .. ..  

88 5.1 21.1 16.8

.. 25.1 10.2 3.0 8.9 5.1 7.8

.. .. .. .. 13.0 2.6

2.1 0.87 24.7 1,500 5.0 8.3 31.8 11.7 59.9 4.9 9.7 45.0 105.6

128 29 7 324 31 2.6 10.8 1.8 1.5 .. .. .. .. .. ..  

2,561 1,014 5.3 2,074 5.8 17.0 32.1 17.1 51.1

27.1 31.2

22 7 315 25 2.9 15.9 1.1

81 402,668 1.9 2.1 36.7 25.5 15.2 18.8 .. 34.1 9.4 4.1 20.2 –1.7 7.1  

.. 47.1 10.3 4.5 41.5 7.1

.. 2,437 .. 62,268 .. 736 .. 86.3 85.2 5.0 21.2

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Liberia Sub-Saharan Africa

Low income Lowincome group 2013 2013

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%) The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

3.3 1.1 5.0 120 –1.0 67.0 7.3 7.2 25.7 10.8 57.1 23.8 76.3

.. 68 10 158 20 3.0 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..  

70 15.3 13.3 12.2

.. 13.5 .. .. 6.7 6.2 13.6

.. .. .. .. 4.9 0.0 2015

4.3 1.5 3.7 410 11.4 38.8 16.4 3.3 44.7 7.6 75.5 32.4 89.5

174 5 4 151 15 3.0 21.2 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..  

849 391 5.1 728 6.0 26.2 23.4 12.1 50.6

22.0 35.9

29 8 265 35 3.4 19.2 0.3

589 30,934 35.9 3.8 25.4 25.2 17.8 .. 32.7 29.0 .. .. 20.1 9.3 9.6  

.. .. .. .. 59.4 4.6

.. 37.6 .. .. 27.6 10.7

385 .. 219 54.6 7.1

127


Libya Middle East & North Africa

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2013 2013

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

5.6 6.2 2.1 2.3 19.8 19.6 6,660 12,930 4.7 –5.6 2.3 .. 75.5 .. 4.7 .. 22.2 .. 2.7 2.6 1.4 1.3 66.4 .. 28.3 ..  

Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms)

Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%)

128

2015

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..  

.. 2.4 15.8 1.7

.. 19.7 .. .. 7.7 –14.8 4.0

13 122 3,553 .. 35.7 3.9

188 35 10 889 23 .. 20.8 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..  

2,409 1,264 5.9 7,604 5.7 7.6 36.7 23.0 55.6

30.3 30.1

26 7 323 20 2.6 17.5 3.0

.. 426,038 0.9 3.3 .. 31.6 .. .. .. 44.5 .. .. 13.9 3.3 3.5  

.. 48.0 10.7 3.6 98.0 6.0

32 7,427 435 262,896 3,926 2,932 .. 165.0 99.8 16.5 44.8

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Liechtenstein High income Highincome group 2013 2013

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

0.03 0.04 1,306 .. .. 646 .. .. 7.7 92,660 136,770 39,812 0.5 .. 0.9 .. .. 1.5 .. .. 24.8 .. .. 15.0 .. .. 73.7 .. .. 1.2 1.1 .. .. 30.0 .. .. 29.6  

Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms)

Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%) The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..  

.. .. .. ..   .. .. .. .. .. .. ..  

.. .. .. .. 79.2 63.4 2015

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.6 25.1 .. .. .. .. .. ..  

.. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

15 6 166 12 2.0 14.1 7.5

.. 2.0 20.3 ..

65.9 90.3 8.2 3.2 150.9 ..

.. 20,868 .. 321,602 .. 8,906 .. 104.1 121.0 93.8 78.2

129


Lithuania High income Highincome group 2013 2013

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%)

130

2015

3.3 3.0 1,306 1.6 1.5 646 8.3 11.8 7.7 7,580 14,900 39,812 8.0 0.4 0.9 4.8 3.5 1.5 32.7 27.8 24.8 20.7 16.3 15.0 62.5 68.7 73.7 2.6 1.1 2.8 2.6 57.3 77.1 30.0 64.3 78.6 29.6  

.. 26 8 166 10 1.7 .. 4.5 1.9 4.5 35.4 .. 31.9 37.5 17.5  

1,507 4.6 22.7 19.1   21.3 31.9 7.6 0.6 40.7 –1.3 2.9  

12 321 3,187 .. 132.5 36.2

24 4 3 175 10 2.3 6.1 9.7 4.7 6.0 10.8 58.0 25.4 42.9 17.9  

1,390 1.6 17.4 ..

49.4 37.9 12.5 11.6 46.2 3.3 4.3

15 6 166 12 2.0 14.1 7.5

.. 2.0 20.3 ..

65.9 90.3 8.2 3.2 150.9 ..

12 20,868 403 321,602 3,530 8,906 0.2 151.3 121.0 68.5 78.2

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Luxembourg High income Highincome group 2013 2013

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

0.47 0.54 1,306 0.21 0.26 646 4.5 5.9 7.7 70,340 69,880 39,812 3.0 1.2 0.9 0.4 0.3 1.5 16.5 12.2 24.8 8.9 5.2 15.0 83.1 87.5 73.7 2.5 1.7 0.8 0.8 162.1 203.3 30.0 135.4 168.1 29.6  

Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

.. 29 6 59 8 2.0 .. 1.8 5.6 .. .. .. .. .. ..  

.. 17.7 19.0 ..   3.7 368.8 5.0 0.2 131.2 .. ..  

59 19 6 55 8 2.0 4.2 7.6 21.0 .. .. .. .. .. ..  

.. 50.0 17.1 ..

20.0 352.5 6.4 0.2 162.4 .. ..

15 6 166 12 2.0 14.1 7.5

.. 2.0 20.3 ..

65.9 90.3 8.2 3.2 150.9 ..

Infrastructure     42 39 20,868 Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) .. .. 321,602 Port container traffic (thousand TEU) 15,642 15,530 8,906 Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) .. .. Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) 111.4 148.6 121.0 Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) 70.0 93.8 78.2 Individuals using the Internet (%) The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2015

131


Macao SAR, China High income Highincome group 2013 2013

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

0.47 0.57 1,306 0.26 0.35 646 4.2 1.8 7.7 24,080 64,050 39,812 12.8 12.9 0.9 0.0 0.0 1.5 15.2 6.2 24.8 4.3 0.7 15.0 84.8 93.8 73.7 4.4 5.5 8.0 8.0 94.6 106.7 30.0 62.3 45.8 29.6  

Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms)

Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%)

132

2015

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..  

.. 15.1 25.8 ..   .. 140.5 .. .. 45.3 1.2 5.5  

24 .. .. .. 113.8 34.9

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..  

.. 7.2 12.8 ..

.. 104.6 .. 0.1 62.3 –2.2 5.2

15 6 166 12 2.0 14.1 7.5

.. 2.0 20.3 ..

65.9 90.3 8.2 3.2 150.9 ..

18 20,868 .. 321,602 .. 8,906 .. 304.1 121.0 65.8 78.2

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Macedonia, FYR Europe & Central Asia

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2013 2013

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2.1 0.89 37.3 2,830 1.9 12.3 28.2 17.4 59.5 0.2 49.3 44.1 61.1

Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms)

.. 48 13 192 17 2.0 .. 8.0 5.5 9.7 32.8 .. 17.3 8.5 14.1  

Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

707 2.4 16.6 10.6

Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%)

.. 31.4 13.3 15.0 24.4 8.1 6.9

2 .. 3,326 .. 54.1 26.5

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2015

2.1 0.97 29.0 4,870 2.3 10.4 26.2 11.6 63.4 2.8 46.4 53.9 72.8

30 2 2 119 12 1.8 5.5 5.4 3.6 10.3 2.4 55.5 38.4 28.9 34.8  

2,409 1,264 5.9 7,604 5.7 7.6 36.7 23.0 55.6

30.3 30.1

26 7 323 20 2.6 17.5 3.0

1,730 426,038 4.1 3.3 24.8 31.6 18.6 .. .. 54.8 11.3 10.9 49.2 8.0 3.6  

.. 48.0 10.7 3.6 98.0 6.0

.. 7,427 .. 262,896 3,881 2,932 1.2 106.2 99.8 61.2 44.8

133


Madagascar Sub-Saharan Africa

Low income Lowincome group 2013 2013

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%)

134

2015

18.3 22.9 8.7 11.7 2.6 3.6 290 440 2.0 1.7 28.3 26.4 15.8 16.1 14.0 14.2 55.9 57.5 18.5 5.8 2,003.0 2,206.9 28.2 30.1 45.6 43.0  

.. 42 11 400 49 2.0 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..  

74 1.7 22.2 13.5

.. 14.2 6.7 10.1 9.9 7.3 8.3

18 112 .. .. 2.8 0.6

163 8 4 183 22 2.0 13.3 0.6 0.1 20.8 31.7 71.7 19.1 24.0 15.3  

849 391 5.1 728 6.0 26.2 23.4 12.1 50.6

22.0 35.9

29 8 265 35 3.4 19.2 0.3

744 30,934 7.9 3.8 15.7 25.2 12.9 .. .. 16.9 .. .. 11.9 52.3 49.3  

9 173 .. 6.7 36.9 2.2

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

.. 37.6 .. .. 27.6 10.7

385 .. 219 54.6 7.1


Malawi Sub-Saharan Africa

Low income Lowincome group 2013 2013

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

12.9 5.8 7.9 220 2.5 33.1 17.3 9.3 49.6 15.4 118.4 24.0 52.2

Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%) The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

.. 37 10 370 45 2.6 .. 0.4 0.1 .. .. .. .. .. ..  

36 5.1 20.2 13.0

.. 12.9 .. .. 7.9 19.9 22.2

5 .. .. .. 3.3 0.4 2015

16.4 7.4 7.6 270 6.3 27.0 18.8 10.7 54.2 27.3 364.4 46.3 64.2

164 38 8 175 34 2.6 20.4 0.6 0.1 .. .. .. .. .. ..  

849 391 5.1 728 6.0 26.2 23.4 12.1 50.6

22.0 35.9

29 8 265 35 3.4 19.2 0.3

865 30,934 3.2 3.8 19.7 25.2 10.5 .. .. 31.3 .. .. 18.5 19.9 27.6  

2 .. .. .. 32.3 5.4

.. 37.6 .. .. 27.6 10.7

385 .. 219 54.6 7.1

135


Malaysia East Asia & Pacific

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2013 2013

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms)

25.8 29.7 11.0 13.0 3.5 3.2 5,240 10,430 5.1 4.4 8.3 9.3 46.4 40.5 27.5 23.9 45.4 50.2 3.0 2.1 3.8 3.2 112.9 81.7 91.0 72.4  

.. 37 10 190 13 2.3 .. 37.7 2.2 7.8 .. .. 49.3 10.7 54.0  

18 6 3 133 11 1.0 21.7 45.4 2.3 .. .. .. .. .. ..  

2,409 1,264 5.9 7,604 5.7 7.6 36.7 23.0 55.6

30.3 30.1

26 7 323 20 2.6 17.5 3.0

Private sector investment     Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) 20,698 12,558 426,038 2.7 3.7 3.3 Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) 22.3 26.9 31.6 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 12.2 16.3 .. Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)     Finance and banking       42.1 53.3 .. Government debt (% of GDP) 109.2 131.8 48.0 Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) 7.6 9.6 10.7 Bank capital to asset ratio (%) 9.4 1.8 3.6 Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) 106.5 124.0 98.0 Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) –2.7 4.6 Real interest rate (%) 3.0 1.6 6.0 Interest rate spread (percentage points)     Infrastructure       176 383 7,427 Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) 12,198 21,427 262,896 Port container traffic (thousand TEU) 2,857 4,246 2,932 Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) .. .. Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) 75.6 144.7 99.8 Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) 48.6 67.0 44.8 Individuals using the Internet (%)

136

2015

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Maldives South Asia

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2013 2013

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

0.30 0.12 13.4 3,420 7.1 7.8 15.3 6.5 76.8 3.5 12.8 48.8 87.5

Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%) The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

.. 9 5 0 21 1.5 .. 0.7 3.9 .. .. .. .. .. ..  

40 5.3 40.4 ..

39.8 43.9 .. .. 45.5 11.8 6.5

5 48 .. .. 68.4 6.9 2015

0.35 0.16 11.6 5,600 4.8 4.2 22.5 7.1 73.3 2.3 15.4 111.3 112.3

116 9 5 413 21 1.5 14.4 0.9 4.4 .. .. .. .. .. ..  

2,409 1,264 5.9 7,604 5.7 7.6 36.7 23.0 55.6

30.3 30.1

26 7 323 20 2.6 17.5 3.0

522 426,038 15.7 3.3 .. 31.6 .. .. 73.5 59.1 .. .. 44.7 5.9 7.3  

.. 48.0 10.7 3.6 98.0 6.0

.. 7,427 80 262,896 .. 2,932 .. 181.2 99.8 44.1 44.8

137


Mali Sub-Saharan Africa

Low income Lowincome group 2013 2013

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%)

138

2015

11.9 3.5 8.5 440 5.9 36.6 24.2 3.2 39.3 6.4 527.5 25.6 37.3

.. 27 12 270 44 3.6 .. .. .. 2.4 31.1 72.8 6.7 48.4 8.6  

504 3.0 22.6 15.0

.. 17.7 .. .. 17.2 .. ..

.. .. .. 3.0 6.4 0.5

15.3 5.3 8.2 670 3.6 42.3 22.7 .. 35.0 –0.6 494.0 31.3 37.7

146 11 5 270 26 3.6 10.1 .. .. 2.0 20.2 75.4 21.4 32.9 24.8  

849 391 5.1 728 6.0 26.2 23.4 12.1 50.6

22.0 35.9

29 8 265 35 3.4 19.2 0.3

1,233 30,934 3.7 3.8 16.3 25.2 13.1 .. .. 24.1 .. .. 22.8 .. ..  

0 .. .. 2.7 129.1 2.3

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

.. 37.6 .. .. 27.6 10.7

385 .. 219 54.6 7.1


Malta High income Highincome group 2013 2013

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

0.40 0.42 1,306 0.16 0.19 646 7.3 6.5 7.7 14,380 20,980 39,812 0.8 1.9 0.9 2.6 1.9 1.5 37.8 32.7 24.8 16.1 13.4 15.0 59.5 65.4 73.7 3.0 1.4 0.8 0.8 76.8 93.6 30.0 79.9 88.9 29.6  

Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. 2.4 8.6 .. .. .. .. .. ..  

.. 11.6 22.0 ..   193.5 137.1 7.0 9.0 106.1 2.9 2.8  

15 1,382 4,913 .. 78.1 41.2

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2015

94 35 11 139 11 3.0 30.3 4.0 13.6 .. .. .. .. .. ..  

.. –19.4 14.3 ..

85.9 154.0 7.3 9.2 119.3 2.5 ..

15 6 166 12 2.0 14.1 7.5

.. 2.0 20.3 ..

65.9 90.3 8.2 3.2 150.9 ..

14 20,868 2,848 321,602 4,689 8,906 .. 129.8 121.0 68.9 78.2

139


Marshall Islands East Asia & Pacific

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2013 2013

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

0.05 .. .. 3,570 1.8 .. .. .. .. .. 1.0 .. ..

30.3 30.1

139 17 5 128 23 2.0 0.0 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..  

.. 2.4 .. ..

Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%)

2015

2,409 1,264 5.9 7,604 5.7 7.6 36.7 23.0 55.6

.. 17 5 128 23 2.0 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..  

Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

140

0.05 .. .. 4,310 1.8 .. .. .. .. .. 1.0 .. ..

3.0

.. 426,038 11.9 3.3 .. 31.6 .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

3 .. .. .. 1.3 3.9

26 7 323 20 2.6 17.5

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. 48.0 10.7 3.6 98.0 6.0

.. 7,427 .. 262,896 .. 2,932 .. .. 99.8 11.7 44.8

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Mauritania Sub-Saharan Africa

Lower middle income Lower middleincome Country data group 2005 2013 2013

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

3.1 0.96 32.1 560 4.0 23.7 29.3 5.0 47.0 12.1 265.5 33.7 76.9

Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%) The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

.. 82 11 696 40 .. .. .. .. 5.8 48.2 65.2 13.5 7.5 5.9  

92 43.8 61.5 49.8

.. 21.2 .. .. 29.1 4.3 15.1

2 .. .. 3.3 23.7 0.7 2015

3.9 1.3 31.0 1,060 3.4 15.5 41.5 4.1 43.0 4.1 300.6 66.7 67.0

176 9 7 734 31 .. 0.0 .. .. 17.2 20.4 78.5 29.4 16.1 16.2  

2,561 1,014 5.3 2,074 5.8 17.0 32.1 17.1 51.1

27.1 31.2

22 7 315 25 2.9 15.9 1.1

367 402,668 27.1 2.1 38.0 25.5 20.8 18.8 .. 25.4 .. .. 30.5 23.9 11.2  

.. 47.1 10.3 4.5 41.5 7.1

3 2,437 81 62,268 .. 736 5.3 102.5 85.2 6.2 21.2

141


Mauritius Sub-Saharan Africa

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2013 2013

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%)

142

2015

1.2 0.55 9.6 5,420 3.3 6.0 27.6 19.8 66.4 4.9 29.5 59.9 65.9

.. 46 6 161 13 1.7 .. 6.3 7.3 .. .. .. .. .. ..  

393 0.7 21.4 15.1

.. 94.4 .. 3.0 75.3 16.1 13.8

15 413 .. .. 54.2 15.2

1.3 0.59 8.3 9,570 4.0 3.2 24.3 17.0 72.5 3.5 30.7 54.3 66.5

28 6 5 152 10 1.7 11.2 6.8 7.4 .. .. .. .. .. ..  

2,409 1,264 5.9 7,604 5.7 7.6 36.7 23.0 55.6

30.3 30.1

26 7 323 20 2.6 17.5 3.0

113 426,038 2.2 3.3 21.2 31.6 16.2 .. 37.2 92.5 8.1 4.2 108.1 5.1 1.7  

.. 48.0 10.7 3.6 98.0 6.0

12 7,427 622 262,896 .. 2,932 .. 123.2 99.8 39.0 44.8

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Mexico Latin America & Caribbean

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2013 2013

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

110.7 44.8 3.5 7,650 1.7 3.4 35.2 17.2 61.5 4.0 10.9 26.6 28.0

Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms)

.. 30 9 560 13 1.8 .. 40.4 0.6 20.5 9.6 69.7 5.9 8.3 20.3  

122.3 53.9 4.9 9,940 1.9 3.5 34.8 17.8 61.7 3.8 12.8 31.7 32.4

39 6 6 334 12 1.8 24.9 68.7 0.9 13.6 10.4 70.3 26.9 17.1 24.0  

2,409 1,264 5.9 7,604 5.7 7.6 36.7 23.0 55.6

30.3 30.1

26 7 323 20 2.6 17.5 3.0

Private sector investment     Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) 29,001 56,099 426,038 2.9 3.3 3.3 Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) 21.3 21.0 31.6 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 16.7 17.1 .. Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)     Finance and banking       .. .. .. Government debt (% of GDP) 21.2 28.4 48.0 Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) 8.8 10.4 10.7 Bank capital to asset ratio (%) 1.5 3.2 3.6 Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) 16.2 30.6 98.0 Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) 4.1 2.2 Real interest rate (%) 6.2 2.9 6.0 Interest rate spread (percentage points)     Infrastructure       331 441 7,427 Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) 2,144 4,900 262,896 Port container traffic (thousand TEU) 1,853 2,092 2,932 Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) 0.8 1.6 Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) 42.6 85.8 99.8 Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) 17.2 43.5 44.8 Individuals using the Internet (%) The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2015

143


Micronesia, Fed. Sts. East Asia & Pacific

Lower middle income Lower middleincome Country data group 2005 2013 2013

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%)

144

2015

0.11 .. .. 2,550 0.4 24.4 5.7 0.6 69.8 .. 1.0 .. ..

0.10 .. .. 3,280 0.2 28.2 9.2 0.5 62.7 .. 1.0 .. ..

2,561 1,014 5.3 2,074 5.8 17.0 32.1 17.1 51.1

27.1 31.2

.. 16 7 128 30 5.3 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..  

145 16 7 128 30 5.3 0.0 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..  

.. 0.0 .. ..

.. 39.7 .. .. 19.8 14.0 14.8

.. .. .. .. 13.3 11.9

22 7 315 25 2.9 15.9 1.1

.. 402,668 0.6 2.1 .. 25.5 .. 18.8 .. 46.1 .. .. 19.7 13.7 14.3  

.. 47.1 10.3 4.5 41.5 7.1

.. 2,437 .. 62,268 .. 736 .. 30.3 85.2 27.8 21.2

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Moldova Europe & Central Asia

Lower middle income Lower middleincome Country data group 2005 2013 2013

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

3.6 1.4 7.3 890 7.1 19.5 16.3 15.9 64.1 11.8 12.6 51.1 91.7

Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms)

.. 30 10 234 23 2.8 .. 4.6 1.8 3.7 45.2 .. 33.7 30.4 7.2  

Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

171 6.4 24.6 22.6

Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%)

32.4 29.9 16.7 4.4 23.6 9.1 6.0

4 .. 2,048 .. 28.9 14.6

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2015

3.6 1.2 5.1 2,470 3.4 15.0 16.6 13.6 68.4 4.6 12.6 43.8 81.5

63 6 5 185 23 2.8 9.3 4.2 1.6 6.8 13.5 32.3 26.6 10.5 18.7  

2,561 1,014 5.3 2,074 5.8 17.0 32.1 17.1 51.1

27.1 31.2

22 7 315 25 2.9 15.9 1.1

662 402,668 3.1 2.1 22.9 25.5 17.0 18.8 24.3 44.9 16.1 11.6 39.7 7.6 5.1  

.. 47.1 10.3 4.5 41.5 7.1

7 2,437 .. 62,268 1,470 736 0.4 106.0 85.2 48.8 21.2

145


Monaco High income Highincome group 2013 2013

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

0.03 .. .. 128,380 1.7 .. .. .. .. .. 0.8 .. ..

Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms)

Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%)

146

2015

0.04 1,306 .. 646 .. 7.7 .. 39,812 .. 0.9 .. 1.5 .. 24.8 .. 15.0 .. 73.7 .. 0.8 .. 30.0 .. 29.6

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..  

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..  

.. .. .. ..   .. .. .. .. .. .. ..  

12 .. .. .. 50.8 55.5

.. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

15 6 166 12 2.0 14.1 7.5

.. 2.0 20.3 ..

65.9 90.3 8.2 3.2 150.9 ..

11 20,868 .. 321,602 .. 8,906 .. 93.7 121.0 90.7 78.2

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Mongolia East Asia & Pacific

Lower middle income Lower middleincome Country data group 2005 2013 2013

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2.5 2.8 1.1 1.3 6.9 4.9 900 3,770 6.7 8.8 22.1 16.5 36.2 33.3 6.4 7.2 41.7 50.3 12.7 8.6 1,205.3 1,523.9 58.8 45.1 63.6 67.0  

Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms)

.. 13 7 204 44 4.0 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..  

Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

22 7.3 27.9 25.8

Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%)

50.5 32.2 .. .. 27.6 8.7 17.6

5 .. 1,289 .. 22.1 9.0

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2015

72 11 5 148 44 4.0 10.0 .. .. 19.4 19.5 48.1 44.4 93.9 15.9  

2,561 1,014 5.3 2,074 5.8 17.0 32.1 17.1 51.1

27.1 31.2

22 7 315 25 2.9 15.9 1.1

120 402,668 18.7 2.1 44.2 25.5 44.2 18.8 .. 49.4 .. .. 67.3 5.7 6.4  

.. 47.1 10.3 4.5 41.5 7.1

9 2,437 .. 62,268 1,577 736 1.0 124.2 85.2 17.7 21.2

147


Montenegro Europe & Central Asia

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2013 2013

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%)

148

2015

0.62 0.25 19.4 3,650 2.8 10.5 20.7 9.8 68.8 2.9 0.8 43.5 61.1

.. 24 13 372 14 2.0 .. 2.0 4.8 .. .. .. .. .. ..  

248 0.0 18.0 13.3

.. 22.4 15.3 5.3 18.0 1.9 6.1

6 .. 6,299 .. 88.2 27.1

0.62 0.25 19.8 7,250 1.7 9.8 18.8 5.0 71.4 2.2 0.8 41.8 62.1

36 10 6 320 14 1.4 7.1 4.5 10.7 9.6 16.2 52.4 43.9 31.8 13.8  

2,409 1,264 5.9 7,604 5.7 7.6 36.7 23.0 55.6

30.3 30.1

26 7 323 20 2.6 17.5 3.0

565 426,038 10.1 3.3 19.2 31.6 15.6 .. .. 51.0 10.3 18.4 53.6 7.0 6.5  

.. 48.0 10.7 3.6 98.0 6.0

7 7,427 .. 262,896 5,747 2,932 2.6 159.9 99.8 56.8 44.8

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Morocco Middle East & North Africa

Lower middle income Lower middleincome Country data group 2005 2013 2013

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

30.1 10.9 11.0 1,980 5.0 14.7 28.2 16.6 57.1 1.0 8.9 32.3 37.9

Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

.. 12 6 358 17 1.8 .. 11.3 0.6 11.4 10.7 47.7 30.2 18.8 17.3  

7,389 2.8 27.5 ..

Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%) The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

57.3 70.9 7.7 15.7 46.1 9.9 8.0

49 561 641 0.8 41.1 15.1 2015

33.0 12.0 9.2 3,020 4.2 16.6 28.5 15.4 54.9 1.9 8.4 33.6 46.9

71 11 5 232 10 3.5 25.3 26.2 1.3 .. .. .. .. .. ..  

2,561 1,014 5.3 2,074 5.8 17.0 32.1 17.1 51.1

27.1 31.2

22 7 315 25 2.9 15.9 1.1

9,327 402,668 3.2 2.1 30.2 25.5 .. 18.8 59.7 88.8 8.9 5.9 70.2 .. ..  

.. 47.1 10.3 4.5 41.5 7.1

62 2,437 2,500 62,268 826 736 .. 128.5 85.2 56.0 21.2

149


Mozambique Sub-Saharan Africa

Low income Lowincome group 2013 2013

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%)

150

2015

21.0 9.9 8.3 290 8.5 26.4 24.8 15.1 48.9 7.2 23.1 31.7 43.9

.. 167 14 230 28 5.0 .. .. .. 3.3 9.8 75.5 8.5 12.7 18.7  

1,663 1.9 18.7 10.1

.. 23.6 6.6 3.5 11.8 10.1 11.7

10 209 440 1.6 7.2 0.9

25.8 11.9 8.3 610 6.9 29.0 20.8 10.9 50.2 4.3 30.1 30.2 40.3

127 13 9 230 21 5.0 31.3 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..  

849 391 5.1 728 6.0 26.2 23.4 12.1 50.6

22.0 35.9

29 8 265 35 3.4 19.2 0.3

975 30,934 42.8 3.8 17.4 25.2 33.6 .. .. 40.9 8.7 3.0 28.9 11.7 6.5  

16 312 447 .. 48.0 5.4

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

.. 37.6 .. .. 27.6 10.7

385 .. 219 54.6 7.1


Myanmar East Asia & Pacific

Low income Lowincome group 2013 2013

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

50.2 28.0 3.4 .. 12.8 48.4 16.2 11.6 35.4 9.4 .. 0.2 0.1

Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms)

Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%) The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..  

.. .. 11.7 ..

.. 8.1 .. .. 4.7 11.1 5.5

26 170 73 .. 0.3 0.1 2015

53.3 31.4 3.4 .. .. .. .. .. .. 5.5 .. .. ..

177 72 11 155 20 5.0 25.4 .. .. 2.0 37.1 31.2 4.7 105.6 1.7  

849 391 5.1 728 6.0 26.2 23.4 12.1 50.6

22.0 35.9

29 8 265 35 3.4 19.2 0.3

726 30,934 .. 3.8 .. 25.2 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 5.0  

43 233 110 12.5 12.8 1.2

.. 37.6 .. .. 27.6 10.7

385 .. 219 54.6 7.1

151


Namibia Sub-Saharan Africa

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2013 2013

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%)

152

2015

2.0 0.75 20.2 3,390 5.4 11.3 29.2 13.6 59.5 2.3 6.4 40.4 40.3

.. 95 10 339 24 2.5 .. 0.7 0.6 2.9 2.6 33.1 19.6 9.2 17.6  

36 5.4 18.6 12.9

.. 36.1 7.8 2.3 51.8 4.8 4.4

6 148 1,453 0.4 22.1 4.0

2.3 0.87 16.9 5,870 4.2 6.1 33.4 13.2 60.5 5.6 9.7 43.0 61.1

88 66 10 314 24 2.5 17.5 1.2 0.9 3.1 5.3 41.7 11.8 20.3 8.3  

2,409 1,264 5.9 7,604 5.7 7.6 36.7 23.0 55.6

30.3 30.1

26 7 323 20 2.6 17.5 3.0

106 426,038 6.9 3.3 25.7 31.6 19.1 .. 35.5 52.8 8.6 1.3 47.0 –3.8 4.3  

.. 48.0 10.7 3.6 98.0 6.0

9 7,427 125 262,896 1,549 2,932 0.6 118.4 99.8 13.9 44.8

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Nepal South Asia

Low income Lowincome group 2013 2013

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%) The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

25.3 13.0 2.5 320 3.3 36.3 17.7 8.2 46.0 6.8 72.5 14.6 29.5

.. 31 7 408 43 2.0 .. 5.5 0.4 .. .. .. .. .. ..  

166 0.0 19.9 17.0

51.8 41.7 .. .. 28.7 1.9 5.9

6 .. 78 .. 0.9 0.8 2015

27.8 15.1 2.7 730 4.5 35.1 15.7 6.6 49.2 9.0 87.7 10.7 37.5

108 17 7 334 40 2.0 17.7 10.7 0.7 1.4 10.4 55.7 13.7 21.3 8.2  

849 391 5.1 728 6.0 26.2 23.4 12.1 50.6

22.0 35.9

29 8 265 35 3.4 19.2 0.3

644 30,934 0.4 3.8 22.6 25.2 18.4 .. 33.9 72.0 .. .. 58.1 –6.2 4.4  

29 .. 106 8.7 76.8 13.3

.. 37.6 .. .. 27.6 10.7

385 .. 219 54.6 7.1

153


Netherlands High income Highincome group 2013 2013

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%)

154

2015

16.3 16.8 1,306 8.6 9.0 646 4.7 6.7 7.7 42,010 51,060 39,812 1.0 0.2 0.9 2.0 2.0 1.5 23.6 22.2 24.8 13.8 12.1 15.0 74.4 75.9 73.7 1.7 2.5 0.8 0.8 66.4 82.9 30.0 58.3 72.6 29.6  

.. 9 7 250 7 1.1 .. 46.5 4.2 .. .. .. .. .. ..  

.. 6.6 20.4 ..   48.9 107.2 3.0 1.2 156.7 1.1 0.4  

27 4 4 123 7 1.1 21.1 49.4 4.4 .. .. .. .. .. ..  

.. 3.8 18.2 ..

67.9 125.0 4.8 3.2 178.0 0.4 –1.1

15 6 166 12 2.0 14.1 7.5

.. 2.0 20.3 ..

65.9 90.3 8.2 3.2 150.9 ..

241 313 20,868 9,472 11,829 321,602 6,988 7,036 8,906 .. .. 97.1 113.7 121.0 81.0 94.0 78.2

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


New Caledonia High income Highincome group 2013 2013

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

0.23 0.10 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms)

Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%) The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..   .. .. .. ..     .. .. .. .. .. .. ..  

.. 83 .. .. 58.7 32.4 2015

0.26 1,306 0.11 646 .. 7.7 .. 39,812 .. 0.9 .. 1.5 .. 24.8 .. 15.0 .. 73.7 .. .. .. 30.0 .. 29.6

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..  

.. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

15 6 166 12 2.0 14.1 7.5

.. 2.0 20.3 ..

65.9 90.3 8.2 3.2 150.9 ..

.. 20,868 111 321,602 .. 8,906 .. 93.8 121.0 66.0 78.2

155


New Zealand High income Highincome group 2013 2013

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%)

156

2015

4.1 4.4 1,306 2.2 2.4 646 3.8 6.2 7.7 25,140 35,760 39,812 4.0 1.5 0.9 4.9 7.2 1.5 25.9 23.8 24.8 15.7 12.2 15.0 69.1 69.1 73.7 3.0 1.3 1.4 1.2 28.5 29.7 30.0 30.0 27.8 29.6  

.. 12 2 172 10 1.3 .. 64.8 23.6 .. .. .. .. .. ..  

.. 1.7 23.9 ..   44.5 77.5 5.3 0.3 121.6 5.4 1.1  

209 1,603 9,674 .. 85.4 62.7

2 1 1 152 10 1.3 30.0 44.2 15.1 .. .. .. .. .. ..  

.. –0.3 20.6 ..

69.0 92.8 7.2 1.0 145.4 1.0 1.7

15 6 166 12 2.0 14.1 7.5

.. 2.0 20.3 ..

65.9 90.3 8.2 3.2 150.9 ..

194 20,868 3,093 321,602 9,444 8,906 .. 105.8 121.0 82.8 78.2

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Nicaragua Latin America & Caribbean

Lower middle income Lower middleincome Country data group 2005 2013 2013

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

5.5 2.1 5.6 1,160 3.1 17.7 22.9 14.8 59.4 9.6 16.7 24.4 47.3

Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%) The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

.. 40 8 240 38 2.2 .. .. .. 9.3 2.6 73.4 37.9 62.7 18.7  

449 3.8 23.5 19.4

.. 27.9 7.3 8.0 22.6 2.0 8.1

.. 61 411 9.3 20.5 2.6 2015

6.1 2.6 7.2 1,790 3.1 16.9 30.9 19.3 52.2 7.1 24.7 40.5 52.1

119 13 6 207 21 2.2 22.5 .. .. 20.2 4.2 62.6 18.4 24.7 15.5  

2,561 1,014 5.3 2,074 5.8 17.0 32.1 17.1 51.1

27.1 31.2

22 7 315 25 2.9 15.9 1.1

1,593 402,668 7.5 2.1 22.9 25.5 16.9 18.8 .. 31.2 .. .. 28.8 8.3 14.0  

.. 47.1 10.3 4.5 41.5 7.1

.. 2,437 96 62,268 522 736 4.9 112.0 85.2 15.5 21.2

157


Niger Sub-Saharan Africa

Low income Lowincome group 2013 2013

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%)

158

2015

13.2 4.3 5.1 250 3.7 24.7 15.4 6.1 59.9 7.8 527.5 16.6 30.8

.. 35 13 270 59 5.0 .. 0.0 0.0 11.4 17.1 .. 26.4 20.6 4.8  

89 1.5 21.4 14.5

.. 7.7 .. .. 6.8 .. ..

.. .. .. 20.7 2.5 0.2

17.8 5.8 5.1 400 5.3 37.2 19.4 6.1 43.4 2.3 494.0 23.3 41.4

168 15 6 270 56 5.0 21.3 0.0 0.0 .. .. .. .. .. ..  

849 391 5.1 728 6.0 26.2 23.4 12.1 50.6

22.0 35.9

29 8 265 35 3.4 19.2 0.3

572 30,934 8.5 3.8 34.4 25.2 22.9 .. .. 13.1 .. .. 14.2 .. ..  

1 .. .. .. 39.3 1.7

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

.. 37.6 .. .. 27.6 10.7

385 .. 219 54.6 7.1


Nigeria Sub-Saharan Africa

Lower middle income Lower middleincome Country data group 2005 2013 2013

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms)

139.6 43.3 7.6 660 11.8 32.8 43.5 2.8 23.7 17.9 131.3 31.7 19.1

.. 35 9 1,120 41 2.0 .. 29.0 0.4 6.1 22.9 60.1 4.3 7.5 8.5  

173.6 54.2 7.5 2,710 6.1 21.0 22.0 9.0 57.0 8.5 155.3 18.0 13.0

170 31 9 908 23 2.0 21.6 81.1 0.9 8.3 26.9 47.1 13.7 12.6 6.5  

2,561 1,014 5.3 2,074 5.8 17.0 32.1 17.1 51.1

27.1 31.2

22 7 315 25 2.9 15.9 1.1

Private sector investment     Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) 10,924 25,974 402,668 4.4 1.1 2.1 Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) 5.5 14.5 25.5 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) .. .. 18.8 Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)     Finance and banking       28.6 10.4 .. Government debt (% of GDP) 13.9 19.2 47.1 Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) 16.0 10.3 10.3 Bank capital to asset ratio (%) 18.1 3.2 4.5 Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) 13.2 12.6 41.5 Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) –3.3 10.2 Real interest rate (%) 7.4 8.8 7.1 Interest rate spread (percentage points)     Infrastructure       10 52 2,437 Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) 513 1,011 62,268 Port container traffic (thousand TEU) 129 149 736 Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) 25.2 36.4 Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) 13.3 73.3 85.2 Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) 3.5 38.0 21.2 Individuals using the Internet (%) The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2015

159


Northern Mariana Islands High income Highincome group 2013 2013

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

0.06 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms)

Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%)

160

2015

0.05 1,306 .. 646 .. 7.7 .. 39,812 .. 0.9 .. 1.5 .. 24.8 .. 15.0 .. 73.7 .. .. .. 30.0 .. 29.6

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..   .. .. .. ..     .. .. .. .. .. .. ..  

.. .. .. .. 31.0 ..

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..  

.. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

15 6 166 12 2.0 14.1 7.5

.. 2.0 20.3 ..

65.9 90.3 8.2 3.2 150.9 ..

.. 20,868 .. 321,602 .. 8,906 .. .. 121.0 .. 78.2


Norway High income Highincome group 2013 2013

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

4.6 5.1 1,306 2.4 2.7 646 4.6 3.5 7.7 62,760 102,700 39,812 2.1 0.7 0.9 1.6 1.5 1.5 42.8 40.8 24.8 9.0 7.3 15.0 55.6 57.7 73.7 1.5 2.1 6.4 5.9 44.1 38.9 30.0 27.8 28.2 29.6  

Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

.. 8 5 87 8 0.9 .. 20.5 6.8 .. .. .. .. .. ..  

.. 3.5 19.2 ..   35.9 51.1 7.0 0.7 80.9 –4.5 2.2  

Infrastructure 254 Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) 329 Port container traffic (thousand TEU) 25,083 Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) .. Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) 102.8 Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) 82.0 Individuals using the Internet (%) The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2015

6 5 4 83 8 0.9 24.8 25.9 7.8 .. .. .. .. .. ..  

.. 0.5 22.6 ..

20.9 .. 6.8 1.3 .. .. ..

15 6 166 12 2.0 14.1 7.5

.. 2.0 20.3 ..

65.9 90.3 8.2 3.2 150.9 ..

.. 20,868 361 321,602 23,174 8,906 .. 116.3 121.0 95.1 78.2

161


Oman High income Highincome group 2013 2013

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%)

162

2015

2.5 3.6 1,306 0.91 1.8 646 8.4 7.9 7.7 10,580 25,150 39,812 0.3 5.0 0.9 1.6 1.3 1.5 63.5 67.3 24.8 8.6 10.7 15.0 34.8 31.4 73.7 1.9 1.2 0.4 0.4 58.3 62.6 30.0 31.1 35.9 29.6  

.. 35 10 52 14 4.0 .. 1.4 0.9 .. .. .. .. .. ..  

66 7 5 68 10 4.0 11.1 3.2 1.7 .. .. .. .. .. ..  

.. 4.9 22.0 ..   8.5 26.7 13.9 7.0 30.6 –12.6 3.8  

32 2,749 4,084 .. 52.9 6.7

.. 2.0 22.3 ..

5.0 35.2 11.9 2.1 42.7 0.2 3.0

15 6 166 12 2.0 14.1 7.5

.. 2.0 20.3 ..

65.9 90.3 8.2 3.2 150.9 ..

47 20,868 3,930 321,602 6,292 8,906 .. 154.6 121.0 66.5 78.2

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Pakistan South Asia

Lower middle income Lower middleincome Country data group 2005 2013 2013

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

158.0 51.4 7.1 710 5.0 21.5 27.1 18.6 51.4 9.1 59.4 15.7 19.6

.. 22 11 560 31 2.8 .. 3.9 0.0 1.9 58.8 12.4 4.6 106.3 9.6  

128 19 10 594 21 2.7 18.7 4.2 0.0 3.9 29.1 44.8 9.5 82.3 36.8  

2,561 1,014 5.3 2,074 5.8 17.0 32.1 17.1 51.1

27.1 31.2

22 7 315 25 2.9 15.9 1.1

7,642 18,769 402,668 2.0 0.6 2.1 17.5 13.0 25.5 13.1 9.6 18.8  

Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%)

182.1 65.6 5.1 1,360 2.8 25.1 21.1 14.0 53.8 7.7 96.8 13.2 19.9

.. 37.9 7.6 9.0 28.6 1.9 6.5

49 1,686 450 31.7 8.1 6.3

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2015

.. 31.6 9.3 13.0 16.0 4.2 4.8

.. 47.1 10.3 4.5 41.5 7.1

67 2,437 2,563 62,268 449 736 69.6 70.1 85.2 10.9 21.2

163


Palau East Asia & Pacific

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2013 2013

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

0.02 0.02 .. .. .. .. 9,650 10,970 3.3 –0.4 5.6 5.3 15.8 8.3 0.8 1.1 78.6 86.4 .. .. 1.0 1.0 54.4 62.7 57.0 74.5  

.. 24 7 128 29 1.0 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..  

.. 0.4 .. ..

Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%)

164

2015

113 28 8 142 26 2.0 65.8 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..  

30.3 30.1

26 7 323 20 2.6 17.5 3.0

.. 426,038 2.3 3.3 .. 31.6 .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. 30.4 27.0

2,409 1,264 5.9 7,604 5.7 7.6 36.7 23.0 55.6

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. 48.0 10.7 3.6 98.0 6.0

.. 7,427 .. 262,896 .. 2,932 .. 85.8 99.8 .. 44.8

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Panama Latin America & Caribbean

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2013 2013

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

3.4 3.9 1.5 1.8 9.8 4.1 4,460 10,700 4.4 8.2 7.0 3.5 16.6 22.1 7.4 5.8 76.5 74.4 3.2 4.0 1.0 1.0 75.5 79.8 69.1 75.0  

Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms)

.. 18 6 560 10 2.5 .. 40.3 18.9 10.3 7.7 40.1 39.4 10.2 14.7  

Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

712 7.1 16.8 14.4

Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%)

.. 73.8 13.1 2.9 87.1 6.8 6.0

30 3,064 1,440 3.1 52.0 11.5

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2015

52 6 5 417 10 2.5 12.4 34.5 14.1 33.3 6.4 51.4 9.0 1.8 22.5  

2,409 1,264 5.9 7,604 5.7 7.6 36.7 23.0 55.6

30.3 30.1

26 7 323 20 2.6 17.5 3.0

3,668 426,038 11.8 3.3 26.5 31.6 .. .. .. 74.5 10.2 1.9 70.7 2.8 4.5  

.. 48.0 10.7 3.6 98.0 6.0

93 7,427 7,448 262,896 1,829 2,932 0.6 163.0 99.8 42.9 44.8

165


Papua New Guinea East Asia & Pacific

Lower middle income Lower middleincome Country data group 2005 2013 2013

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%)

166

2015

6.1 2.7 2.6 700 2.0 37.8 38.9 7.0 23.3 1.8 3.1 72.2 58.9

.. 52 6 207 23 3.0 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..  

.. 0.7 18.1 ..

69.7 30.6 .. .. 14.1 –0.6 10.6

20 282 .. .. 1.2 1.7

7.3 3.3 2.1 2,020 7.6 .. .. .. .. 5.0 2.2 .. ..

133 53 6 207 23 3.0 23.2 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..  

2,561 1,014 5.3 2,074 5.8 17.0 32.1 17.1 51.1

27.1 31.2

22 7 315 25 2.9 15.9 1.1

150 402,668 0.1 2.1 .. 25.5 .. 18.8 .. 48.4 .. .. 34.6 7.7 9.8  

.. 47.1 10.3 4.5 41.5 7.1

43 2,437 364 62,268 .. 736 .. 41.0 85.2 6.5 21.2

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Paraguay Latin America & Caribbean

Lower middle income Lower middleincome Country data group 2005 2013 2013

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

5.9 6.8 2.7 3.2 5.8 5.2 1,210 4,010 2.2 4.7 19.6 21.6 34.8 28.4 12.9 11.6 45.7 50.0 6.8 2.7 6,178.0 4,303.9 58.2 49.4 46.0 44.7  

Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%) The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

.. 72 17 328 36 3.9 .. .. .. 7.9 24.4 76.7 25.8 27.2 7.0  

199 0.1 16.6 ..

.. 16.4 9.9 6.5 15.1 18.0 28.2

10 .. 848 1.8 32.0 7.9 2015

92 35 7 378 29 3.9 9.6 .. .. 20.6 14.6 75.3 48.0 23.2 15.0  

2,561 1,014 5.3 2,074 5.8 17.0 32.1 17.1 51.1

27.1 31.2

22 7 315 25 2.9 15.9 1.1

1,168 402,668 1.2 2.1 15.1 25.5 .. 18.8 .. 27.4 10.0 2.0 45.8 18.8 15.0  

.. 47.1 10.3 4.5 41.5 7.1

6 2,437 10 62,268 1,228 736 2.7 103.7 85.2 36.9 21.2

167


Peru Latin America & Caribbean

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2013 2013

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%)

168

2015

27.7 12.9 5.2 2,530 4.4 7.3 41.1 18.0 51.6 1.6 3.3 26.6 20.3

.. 104 10 424 22 3.1 .. 23.3 1.4 13.5 1.6 64.1 60.9 81.6 14.6  

30.4 16.5 3.9 6,270 6.3 .. .. .. .. 2.8 2.7 23.7 24.6

35 26 6 293 12 3.1 22.8 74.1 3.8 14.1 8.4 68.6 49.9 33.4 14.2  

2,409 1,264 5.9 7,604 5.7 7.6 36.7 23.0 55.6

30.3 30.1

26 7 323 20 2.6 17.5 3.0

5,415 19,381 426,038 3.4 4.6 3.3 17.4 26.6 31.6 14.3 20.8 ..  

32.8 24.0 9.2 6.3 19.7 22.9 22.9

61 992 834 0.2 20.1 17.1

19.2 35.4 10.1 3.5 31.4 16.1 15.8

.. 48.0 10.7 3.6 98.0 6.0

110 7,427 2,192 262,896 1,248 2,932 0.6 98.1 99.8 39.2 44.8

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Philippines East Asia & Pacific

Lower middle income Lower middleincome Country data group 2005 2013 2013

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

85.8 35.0 7.7 1,530 4.7 12.7 33.8 24.1 53.5 6.5 55.1 46.1 51.7

Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

.. 47 17 195 17 5.7 .. 13.5 0.3 .. .. .. .. .. ..  

95 34 16 193 15 2.7 20.5 16.1 0.3 .. .. .. .. .. ..  

2,561 1,014 5.3 2,074 5.8 17.0 32.1 17.1 51.1

27.1 31.2

22 7 315 25 2.9 15.9 1.1

8,998 25,834 402,668 1.6 1.3 2.1 19.9 20.5 25.5 17.8 18.1 18.8  

Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%)

98.4 42.3 7.1 3,270 5.0 11.2 31.1 20.4 57.7 3.0 42.4 27.9 32.0

73.9 49.1 11.7 10.0 29.1 4.1 4.6

59 3,634 580 .. 40.5 5.4

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2015

51.5 62.2 10.8 2.4 35.8 3.7 4.1

.. 47.1 10.3 4.5 41.5 7.1

242 2,437 5,860 62,268 647 736 .. 104.5 85.2 37.0 21.2

169


Poland High income Highincome group 2013 2013

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%)

170

2015

38.2 38.5 1,306 17.5 18.5 646 17.7 10.4 7.7 7,400 13,240 39,812 3.1 3.6 0.9 3.3 3.3 1.5 32.1 33.2 24.8 18.4 18.8 15.0 64.6 63.5 73.7 2.1 1.0 3.2 3.2 34.9 46.1 30.0 35.9 44.2 29.6  

.. 46 10 418 17 3.0 .. 13.0 0.5 2.9 30.4 .. 28.0 9.4 19.6  

.. 3.6 18.6 ..   41.3 37.2 7.8 11.0 28.9 4.1 4.0  

79 428 3,437 .. 76.3 38.8

32 30 4 286 15 3.0 13.1 14.4 0.5 19.7 2.0 29.1 32.7 65.8 33.1  

.. –0.9 18.8 ..

.. 51.6 9.0 5.0 53.9 .. ..

15 6 166 12 2.0 14.1 7.5

.. 2.0 20.3 ..

65.9 90.3 8.2 3.2 150.9 ..

76 20,868 1,806 321,602 3,832 8,906 0.2 149.1 121.0 62.8 78.2

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Portugal High income Highincome group 2013 2013

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

10.5 10.5 1,306 5.5 5.4 646 7.6 16.5 7.7 18,550 21,270 39,812 0.7 –0.9 0.9 2.6 2.3 1.5 24.6 21.1 24.8 14.5 12.7 15.0 72.7 76.7 73.7 2.3 0.3 0.8 0.8 26.7 39.3 30.0 35.8 38.3 29.6  

Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%)

.. 48 11 328 20 2.0 .. 25.8 3.7 1.1 52.1 .. 20.3 5.7 12.7  

.. 2.2 23.1 ..   68.4 87.2 6.2 1.5 136.8 .. ..  

149 905 4,683 .. 108.9 35.0

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2015

25 3 3 275 15 2.0 15.1 25.8 3.6 .. .. .. .. .. ..  

.. 3.5 15.1 ..

122.8 121.9 6.9 10.6 169.8 .. ..

15 6 166 12 2.0 14.1 7.5

.. 2.0 20.3 ..

65.9 90.3 8.2 3.2 150.9 ..

132 20,868 2,481 321,602 4,848 8,906 .. 113.0 121.0 62.1 78.2

171


Puerto Rico High income Highincome group 2013 2013

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%)

172

2015

3.8 3.6 1,306 1.5 1.2 646 11.5 14.2 7.7 14,750 19,210 39,812 2.6 –2.2 0.9 0.6 0.8 1.5 87.1 95.5 24.8 42.4 46.7 15.0 12.3 3.7 73.7 .. .. 1.0 1.0 81.7 75.5 30.0 64.4 54.7 29.6  

.. 7 7 140 15 3.8 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..  

.. .. 14.2 ..   .. .. .. .. .. .. ..  

.. 1,727 .. .. 53.0 23.4

47 6 6 218 15 2.5 32.3 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..  

.. .. 9.5 ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

15 6 166 12 2.0 14.1 7.5

.. 2.0 20.3 ..

65.9 90.3 8.2 3.2 150.9 ..

.. 20,868 1,526 321,602 .. 8,906 .. 83.6 121.0 73.9 78.2

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Qatar High income Highincome group 2013 2013

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

0.82 2.2 1,306 0.50 1.6 646 1.1 0.5 7.7 40,320 86,790 39,812 8.3 12.7 0.9 0.1 0.1 1.5 74.5 69.6 24.8 9.9 9.9 15.0 25.4 30.3 73.7 8.8 3.1 3.6 3.6 65.1 71.7 30.0 29.7 25.8 29.6  

Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

.. 7 7 36 21 2.8 .. 1.4 2.2 .. .. .. .. .. ..  

50 9 8 41 15 2.8 0.0 3.1 1.7 .. .. .. .. .. ..  

.. 5.6 .. ..   .. 46.9 .. .. 33.7 –18.3 3.5  

.. –0.4 .. ..

.. 60.6 .. 1.9 39.3 4.6 3.7

15 6 166 12 2.0 14.1 7.5

.. 2.0 20.3 ..

65.9 90.3 8.2 3.2 150.9 ..

Infrastructure     46 140 20,868 Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) 350 424 321,602 Port container traffic (thousand TEU) 16,290 15,755 8,906 Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) .. .. Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) 87.3 152.6 121.0 Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) 24.7 85.3 78.2 Individuals using the Internet (%) The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2015

173


Romania Europe & Central Asia

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2013 2013

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%)

174

2015

21.3 9.9 7.2 3,920 6.0 9.5 35.9 .. 54.6 9.0 2.9 33.1 43.2

.. 11 5 190 28 4.6 .. 92.3 6.1 1.1 27.4 .. 36.0 23.6 18.2  

20.0 9.6 7.3 9,050 0.9 6.4 43.2 .. 50.4 4.0 3.3 42.0 42.5

48 8 5 159 13 3.3 10.7 61.5 4.1 15.8 6.8 34.6 41.3 51.8 34.4  

2,409 1,264 5.9 7,604 5.7 7.6 36.7 23.0 55.6

30.3 30.1

26 7 323 20 2.6 17.5 3.0

5,264 16,968 426,038 6.9 2.2 3.3 23.7 23.5 31.6 .. .. ..   .. 24.8 10.7 1.4 19.9 6.8 13.2  

39 771 2,365 .. 60.4 21.5

.. 32.7 7.5 21.9 41.4 6.5 6.0

.. 48.0 10.7 3.6 98.0 6.0

45 7,427 738 262,896 2,639 2,932 1.4 105.6 99.8 49.8 44.8

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Russian Federation High income Highincome group 2013 2013

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms)

143.1 143.5 1,306 75.1 77.0 646 7.1 5.6 7.7 4,460 13,850 39,812 6.2 2.2 0.9 5.0 3.9 1.5 38.1 36.3 24.8 18.3 14.8 15.0 57.0 59.8 73.7 12.7 6.8 28.3 31.8 35.2 28.4 30.0 21.5 22.5 29.6  

.. 29 8 448 24 2.0 .. 381.0 3.7 5.2 59.3 .. 22.3 18.2 11.3  

62 11 4 168 21 2.0 8.4 442.2 4.3 14.7 7.3 30.2 21.3 120.4 12.6  

15 6 166 12 2.0 14.1 7.5

Private sector investment     .. Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) 23,827 111,828 2.0 3.4 2.0 Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) 17.8 21.5 20.3 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 14.0 19.5 .. Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)       Finance and banking     16.7 9.4 65.9 Government debt (% of GDP) 23.9 45.2 90.3 Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) 12.1 11.5 8.2 Bank capital to asset ratio (%) 2.6 6.0 3.2 Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) 25.9 52.5 150.9 Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) –7.2 3.4 Real interest rate (%) 6.7 3.9 .. Interest rate spread (percentage points)     Infrastructure       391 674 20,868 Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) 1,804 3,968 321,602 Port container traffic (thousand TEU) 5,786 6,486 8,906 Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) .. 0.3 Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) 83.4 152.8 121.0 Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) 15.2 61.4 78.2 Individuals using the Internet (%) The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2015

175


Rwanda Sub-Saharan Africa

Low income Lowincome group 2013 2013

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%)

176

2015

9.4 4.5 0.6 260 7.2 38.4 11.8 5.6 49.8 9.0 557.8 11.5 25.2

.. 18 9 168 60 3.0 .. 0.4 0.1 5.9 4.9 47.1 32.5 18.2 10.8  

150 0.3 15.8 7.7

.. 14.2 9.4 29.0 11.2 4.0 8.1

.. .. .. 9.9 2.4 0.6

11.8 5.8 0.6 630 7.8 33.4 14.9 5.2 51.7 8.0 646.7 14.4 31.0

46 7 8 107 26 2.5 26.3 6.7 1.1 5.2 4.5 56.7 43.9 31.4 11.7  

849 391 5.1 728 6.0 26.2 23.4 12.1 50.6

22.0 35.9

29 8 265 35 3.4 19.2 0.3

674 30,934 1.5 3.8 25.5 25.2 8.1 .. .. .. 20.0 7.0 .. 13.7 9.6  

11 .. .. 4.0 56.8 8.7

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

.. 37.6 .. .. 27.6 10.7

385 .. 219 54.6 7.1


Samoa East Asia & Pacific

Lower middle income Lower middleincome Country data group 2005 2013 2013

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

0.18 0.05 .. 2,370 4.8 .. .. .. .. 1.9 2.7 28.4 49.4

Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%) The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

0.19 0.05 .. 3,970 0.9 .. .. .. .. 0.6 2.3 30.6 50.3

2,561 1,014 5.3 2,074 5.8 17.0 32.1 17.1 51.1

27.1 31.2

.. 35 8 224 24 2.0 .. 0.1 0.8 .. .. .. .. .. ..  

67 9 4 224 21 2.0 11.6 0.1 1.0 .. .. .. .. .. ..  

.. 0.8 .. ..

.. 34.5 .. .. 34.9 10.5 7.1

11 .. .. .. 13.3 3.4 2015

22 7 315 25 2.9 15.9 1.1

.. 402,668 3.0 2.1 .. 25.5 .. 18.8 .. 37.3 18.8 5.8 40.6 9.7 7.3  

.. 47.1 10.3 4.5 41.5 7.1

.. 2,437 .. 62,268 .. 736 .. .. 85.2 15.3 21.2

177


San Marino High income Highincome group 2013 2013

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

0.03 .. .. 41,080 3.2 .. .. .. .. 1.7 0.8 .. ..

Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms)

Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%)

178

2015

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..  

.. .. .. ..   51.1 .. .. .. .. 5.2 5.8  

.. .. .. .. 57.6 50.3

0.03 1,306 .. 646 .. 7.7 .. 39,812 .. 0.9 .. 1.5 .. 24.8 .. 15.0 .. 73.7 1.6 .. .. 30.0 .. 29.6

93 40 8 52 15 2.3 12.4 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..  

.. .. .. ..

.. .. .. 42.4 .. .. 4.8

15 6 166 12 2.0 14.1 7.5

.. 2.0 20.3 ..

65.9 90.3 8.2 3.2 150.9 ..

.. 20,868 .. 321,602 .. 8,906 .. 117.0 121.0 50.8 78.2

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


São Tomé and Príncipe Sub-Saharan Africa

Lower middle income Lower middleincome Country data group 2005 2013 2013

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

0.15 0.19 0.05 0.07 .. .. 770 1,470 3.9 4.8 17.6 19.8 15.8 15.9 6.7 6.4 66.6 100.0 17.2 7.1 10,558.0 18,450.0 12.9 11.0 48.1 47.3  

Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%) The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

.. 144 10 424 27 6.2 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..  

50 12.7 79.3 ..

.. 27.7 .. .. 24.6 12.3 19.0

1 .. .. .. 7.7 13.8 2015

153 4 3 424 26 6.2 20.2 0.4 3.8 .. .. .. .. .. ..  

2,561 1,014 5.3 2,074 5.8 17.0 32.1 17.1 51.1

27.1 31.2

22 7 315 25 2.9 15.9 1.1

.. 402,668 3.4 2.1 41.7 25.5 .. 18.8 .. 34.1 .. .. 31.2 12.3 13.9  

.. 47.1 10.3 4.5 41.5 7.1

.. 2,437 .. 62,268 .. 736 .. 64.9 85.2 23.0 21.2

179


Saudi Arabia High income Highincome group 2013 2013

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%)

180

2015

24.7 28.8 1,306 8.2 11.2 646 5.9 5.7 7.7 12,480 26,260 39,812 5.2 6.1 0.9 3.2 1.8 1.5 62.1 60.6 24.8 9.5 10.1 15.0 34.7 37.6 73.7 0.7 3.5 3.7 3.8 57.1 51.8 30.0 24.9 30.6 29.6  

.. 67 14 69 17 2.8 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..  

49 21 9 64 13 2.8 2.1 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..  

.. 3.7 19.3 ..   .. 17.9 8.8 1.9 35.4 .. ..  

116 3,733 6,381 .. 57.4 12.7

.. 1.2 23.2 ..

.. 30.7 13.6 1.3 40.3 .. ..

15 6 166 12 2.0 14.1 7.5

.. 2.0 20.3 ..

65.9 90.3 8.2 3.2 150.9 ..

217 20,868 6,742 321,602 8,161 8,906 .. 184.2 121.0 60.5 78.2

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Senegal Sub-Saharan Africa

Lower middle income Lower middleincome Country data group 2005 2013 2013

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

11.3 4.8 10.1 770 4.6 16.8 23.6 15.0 59.6 1.7 527.5 27.0 42.4

Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%) The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

.. 57 11 696 21 3.0 .. 1.0 0.2 2.9 18.7 74.1 9.6 9.4 6.1  

701 1.9 23.3 17.4

.. 25.4 7.6 11.9 23.2 .. ..

6 424 158 11.5 15.4 4.8 2015

14.1 6.1 10.3 1,050 3.3 17.5 24.0 13.6 58.4 0.7 494.0 26.2 47.4

161 6 4 620 12 3.0 16.2 2.0 0.3 3.0 7.3 76.4 19.6 24.8 9.3  

2,561 1,014 5.3 2,074 5.8 17.0 32.1 17.1 51.1

27.1 31.2

22 7 315 25 2.9 15.9 1.1

2,666 402,668 2.0 2.1 25.1 25.5 18.6 18.8 .. 34.2 10.2 20.6 33.0 .. ..  

.. 47.1 10.3 4.5 41.5 7.1

7 2,437 428 62,268 187 736 6.0 92.9 85.2 20.9 21.2

181


Serbia Europe & Central Asia

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2013 2013

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%)

182

2015

7.4 3.3 20.8 3,630 6.3 12.0 29.3 17.3 58.7 16.1 66.7 27.1 47.1

.. 23 11 279 33 2.7 .. 10.2 2.0 6.9 59.6 .. 29.9 17.7 14.1  

564 7.8 20.1 ..

.. 22.7 16.2 23.8 27.9 2.2 13.1

17 .. 3,922 .. 67.0 26.3

7.2 3.1 22.2 6,050 1.1 9.0 30.3 18.1 60.7 7.7 85.2 40.8 51.9

91 12 6 279 12 2.0 16.2 8.4 1.7 13.2 3.7 37.5 38.4 57.9 32.5  

2,409 1,264 5.9 7,604 5.7 7.6 36.7 23.0 55.6

30.3 30.1

26 7 323 20 2.6 17.5 3.0

3,658 426,038 4.3 3.3 21.2 31.6 .. .. .. 40.3 21.1 21.4 43.6 11.1 9.2  

.. 48.0 10.7 3.6 98.0 6.0

18 7,427 .. 262,896 4,490 2,932 0.6 119.4 99.8 51.5 44.8

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Seychelles Sub-Saharan Africa

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2013 2013

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

0.08 0.09 .. .. .. .. 10,810 13,210 –1.0 3.6 3.3 2.4 16.4 11.3 8.8 6.3 80.5 86.3 0.9 4.3 5.5 12.1 78.5 76.3 100.2 87.7  

Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%) The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

.. 39 10 76 17 2.0 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..  

51 8.8 35.8 30.7

.. 80.7 6.7 4.4 30.9 19.7 6.0

20 .. .. .. 67.5 25.4 2015

85 38 9 88 16 2.0 20.9 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..  

2,409 1,264 5.9 7,604 5.7 7.6 36.7 23.0 55.6

30.3 30.1

26 7 323 20 2.6 17.5 3.0

0.8 426,038 12.3 3.3 33.6 31.6 25.9 .. 80.2 49.3 9.2 9.2 21.9 –3.9 8.9  

.. 48.0 10.7 3.6 98.0 6.0

15 7,427 .. 262,896 .. 2,932 .. 147.3 99.8 50.4 44.8

183


Sierra Leone Sub-Saharan Africa

Low income Lowincome group 2013 2013

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%)

184

2015

5.1 6.1 1.9 2.4 3.4 3.2 310 660 9.0 5.3 52.5 59.5 12.0 8.0 2.6 2.0 35.6 32.6 11.6 10.3 2,889.6 4,332.5 17.8 53.1 29.7 54.4  

.. 26 8 399 31 2.6 .. 0.5 0.2 .. .. .. .. .. ..  

49 5.6 11.5 6.5

.. 10.0 20.0 26.8 3.4 6.8 12.8

0 .. .. .. 14.3 0.2

140 12 6 353 25 2.3 18.8 1.1 0.3 .. .. .. .. .. ..  

849 391 5.1 728 6.0 26.2 23.4 12.1 50.6

22.0 35.9

29 8 265 35 3.4 19.2 0.3

345 30,934 3.5 3.8 16.6 25.2 9.9 .. .. 16.4 13.6 22.4 5.7 8.8 11.7  

0 .. .. .. 65.7 1.7

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

.. 37.6 .. .. 27.6 10.7

385 .. 219 54.6 7.1


Singapore High income Highincome group 2013 2013

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

4.3 5.4 1,306 2.2 3.1 646 4.1 2.8 7.7 28,370 54,040 39,812 5.2 5.4 0.9 0.1 0.0 1.5 32.4 25.1 24.8 27.8 18.8 15.0 67.6 74.9 73.7 0.4 2.4 1.7 1.3 226.1 190.5 30.0 196.3 167.5 29.6  

Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

.. 6 6 49 6 0.8 .. 18.7 6.0 .. .. .. .. .. ..  

.. 14.2 23.1 ..   95.3 96.8 9.6 3.8 89.5 3.0 4.9  

1 3 3 82 6 0.8 2.2 31.5 8.0 .. .. .. .. .. ..  

.. 21.4 25.9 ..

110.9 125.3 8.2 0.9 128.2 5.2 5.2

15 6 166 12 2.0 14.1 7.5

.. 2.0 20.3 ..

65.9 90.3 8.2 3.2 150.9 ..

Infrastructure     77 167 20,868 Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) 23,192 33,516 321,602 Port container traffic (thousand TEU) 8,507 8,404 8,906 Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) .. .. Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) 97.5 155.9 121.0 Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) 61.0 73.0 78.2 Individuals using the Internet (%) The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2015

185


Sint Maarten (Dutch part) High income Highincome group 2013 2013

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

0.04 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms)

Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%)

186

2015

0.04 1,306 .. 646 .. 7.7 .. 39,812 .. 0.9 .. 1.5 .. 24.8 .. 15.0 .. 73.7 .. .. .. 30.0 .. 29.6

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..   .. .. .. ..     .. .. .. .. .. .. ..  

.. .. .. .. .. ..

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..  

.. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

15 6 166 12 2.0 14.1 7.5

.. 2.0 20.3 ..

65.9 90.3 8.2 3.2 150.9 ..

.. 20,868 .. 321,602 .. 8,906 .. .. 121.0 .. 78.2


Slovak Republic High income Highincome group 2013 2013

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

5.4 2.7 16.2 11,330 5.1 3.6 36.1 23.4 60.3 2.7 0.8 72.1 76.7

Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms)

.. 27 9 325 22 4.8 .. 11.8 3.1 2.5 31.3 .. 34.0 7.4 12.3  

Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

.. 4.8 27.4 ..   36.3 42.5 7.0 5.0 34.4 4.1 4.2  

Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%)

14 .. 4,933 .. 84.2 55.2

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2015

5.4 1,306 2.7 646 14.2 7.7 17,810 39,812 2.4 0.9 4.0 1.5 33.2 24.8 20.2 15.0 62.7 73.7 1.4 0.8 93.0 30.0 88.4 29.6

37 12 7 207 16 4.0 8.5 20.0 5.1 8.2 2.5 42.8 40.2 39.1 42.9  

.. 2.2 20.4 ..

53.5 .. 12.1 5.1 .. .. ..

15 6 166 12 2.0 14.1 7.5

.. 2.0 20.3 ..

65.9 90.3 8.2 3.2 150.9 ..

2 20,868 .. 321,602 5,348 8,906 0.5 113.9 121.0 77.9 78.2

187


Slovenia High income Highincome group 2013 2013

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%)

188

2015

2.0 2.1 1,306 1.0 1.0 646 6.5 10.2 7.7 18,460 23,220 39,812 3.6 –0.6 0.9 2.6 2.1 1.5 34.1 32.0 24.8 23.6 22.3 15.0 63.3 65.8 73.7 2.5 1.8 0.8 0.8 59.6 74.7 30.0 60.2 68.7 29.6  

.. 60 9 260 20 2.0 .. 3.3 2.4 2.4 13.9 .. 42.8 12.7 30.5  

.. 2.7 26.6 ..   .. 52.7 8.5 2.5 55.4 6.2 4.6  

18 306 6,918 .. 87.9 46.8

51 6 2 260 16 2.0 12.5 6.2 4.4 10.1 0.3 26.5 36.3 63.3 22.4  

.. –0.9 19.7 ..

.. 55.7 8.2 13.3 70.8 .. ..

15 6 166 12 2.0 14.1 7.5

.. 2.0 20.3 ..

65.9 90.3 8.2 3.2 150.9 ..

17 20,868 616 321,602 6,806 8,906 0.2 110.2 121.0 72.7 78.2

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Solomon Islands East Asia & Pacific

Lower middle income Lower middleincome Country data group 2005 2013 2013

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%) The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

0.47 0.18 3.6 900 1.6 34.5 8.1 5.7 57.4 7.3 7.5 34.1 54.6

.. 55 7 80 24 1.0 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..  

.. 0.1 12.5 ..

.. 25.7 .. .. 20.6 8.4 13.4

12 .. .. .. 1.3 0.8 2015

0.56 0.22 3.8 1,600 5.0 .. .. .. .. 5.4 7.3 54.5 64.6

87 9 7 80 22 1.0 23.3 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..  

2,561 1,014 5.3 2,074 5.8 17.0 32.1 17.1 51.1

27.1 31.2

22 7 315 25 2.9 15.9 1.1

.. 402,668 4.1 2.1 .. 25.5 .. 18.8 .. 36.2 .. .. 34.4 3.7 10.5  

.. 47.1 10.3 4.5 41.5 7.1

7 2,437 .. 62,268 .. 736 .. 57.6 85.2 8.0 21.2

189


Somalia Sub-Saharan Africa

Low income Lowincome group 2013 2013

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms)

8.5 2.5 6.9 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

10.5 3.1 6.9 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..  

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..  

22.0 35.9

29 8 265 35 3.4 19.2 0.3

13 .. .. ..

10 30,934 .. 3.8 .. 25.2 .. ..

Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%)

Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

190

2015

849 391 5.1 728 6.0 26.2 23.4 12.1 50.6

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. 5.9 1.1

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

4 .. .. .. 49.4 1.5

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

.. 37.6 .. .. 27.6 10.7

385 .. 219 54.6 7.1


South Africa Sub-Saharan Africa

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2013 2013

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms)

47.3 17.7 23.8 5,050 3.8 2.7 30.3 18.1 67.1 3.4 6.4 26.4 26.7

.. 33 9 350 25 2.0 .. 227.6 7.4 6.0 3.1 45.3 21.1 15.8 26.4  

53.2 19.5 24.9 7,410 2.3 2.3 29.9 13.2 67.8 3.3 9.7 31.0 33.2

43 19 5 200 16 2.0 21.7 217.6 6.5 .. .. .. .. .. ..  

2,409 1,264 5.9 7,604 5.7 7.6 36.7 23.0 55.6

30.3 30.1

26 7 323 20 2.6 17.5 3.0

Private sector investment     Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) 12,307 25,387 426,038 2.5 2.2 3.3 Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) 17.2 20.0 31.6 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 12.8 13.1 .. Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)     Finance and banking       .. .. .. Government debt (% of GDP) 54.4 59.6 48.0 Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) 7.9 7.7 10.7 Bank capital to asset ratio (%) 1.8 3.6 3.6 Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) 138.2 149.5 98.0 Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) 4.9 2.4 Real interest rate (%) 4.6 3.3 6.0 Interest rate spread (percentage points)     Infrastructure       148 186 7,427 Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) 3,111 4,595 262,896 Port container traffic (thousand TEU) 4,689 4,606 2,932 Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) 0.9 .. Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) 70.4 145.6 99.8 Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) 7.5 48.9 44.8 Individuals using the Internet (%) The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2015

191


South Sudan Sub-Saharan Africa

Lower middle income Lower middleincome Country data group 2005 2013 2013

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms)

8.0 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.1 0.0 .. .. .. .. .. ..  

Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%)

192

2015

.. .. .. ..

11.3 .. .. 950 –11.0 .. .. .. .. 47.3 3.0 18.2 42.8

186 14 13 218 55 .. 7.1 4.3 0.7 18.0 30.6 69.8 6.0 9.7 2.6  

27.1 31.2

22 7 315 25 2.9 15.9 1.1

103 402,668 .. 2.1 11.9 25.5 5.8 18.8

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

2,561 1,014 5.3 2,074 5.8 17.0 32.1 17.1 51.1

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. 47.1 10.3 4.5 41.5 7.1

.. 2,437 .. 62,268 .. 736 1.5 25.3 85.2 .. 21.2

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Spain High income Highincome group 2013 2013

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%)

43.7 46.6 1,306 21.2 23.3 646 9.3 26.6 7.7 25,930 29,940 39,812 3.3 –0.7 0.9 3.0 2.8 1.5 30.4 23.3 24.8 .. .. 15.0 66.5 73.9 73.7 3.4 1.4 0.8 0.8 24.7 31.6 30.0 29.7 28.1 29.6  

.. 70 10 298 10 1.5 .. 131.1 4.4 0.8 14.3 .. 35.8 9.3 21.3  

.. 2.6 29.9 ..   37.7 102.4 6.3 0.8 142.3 0.2 1.8  

33 13 6 167 10 1.5 21.9 84.4 2.7 .. .. .. .. .. ..  

.. 3.2 18.5 ..

65.9 139.1 6.3 9.4 172.0 .. ..

15 6 166 12 2.0 14.1 7.5

.. 2.0 20.3 ..

65.9 90.3 8.2 3.2 150.9 ..

586 416 20,868 9,171 14,020 321,602 6,111 5,530 8,906 .. .. 98.4 106.9 121.0 47.9 71.6 78.2

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2015

193


Sri Lanka South Asia

Lower middle income Lower middleincome Country data group 2005 2013 2013

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%)

194

2015

19.6 8.1 7.7 1,210 4.3 11.8 30.2 19.5 58.0 11.6 100.5 32.3 41.3

.. 46 9 256 25 1.7 .. 2.9 0.2 .. .. .. .. .. ..  

1,058 1.1 23.4 19.5

90.6 37.0 5.7 9.6 32.9 0.3 5.1

20 2,455 398 .. 16.8 1.8

20.5 8.4 4.2 3,170 6.5 10.8 32.5 17.7 56.8 6.9 129.1 22.5 32.0

99 11 9 167 16 1.7 1.6 7.0 0.5 1.7 7.7 47.4 40.6 42.4 9.1  

2,561 1,014 5.3 2,074 5.8 17.0 32.1 17.1 51.1

27.1 31.2

22 7 315 25 2.9 15.9 1.1

3,103 402,668 1.4 2.1 29.2 25.5 22.4 18.8 79.2 35.3 8.2 5.6 29.2 5.5 2.4  

.. 47.1 10.3 4.5 41.5 7.1

33 2,437 4,306 62,268 490 736 4.1 95.5 85.2 21.9 21.2

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


St. Kitts and Nevis High income Highincome group 2013 2013

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

0.05 0.05 1,306 .. .. 646 .. .. 7.7 10,970 13,890 39,812 2.8 –0.4 0.9 1.9 1.7 1.5 25.9 25.5 24.8 7.5 11.0 15.0 72.2 72.8 73.7 3.4 0.7 2.7 2.7 41.7 38.4 30.0 51.6 49.3 29.6  

Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%)

.. 19 7 172 17 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..  

.. 17.1 42.2 ..   .. 110.2 .. .. 54.9 10.9 5.5  

.. .. .. .. 103.8 34.0

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2015

121 19 7 203 13 .. 30.5 0.2 5.7 10.7 0.0 65.4 52.0 15.7 19.4  

17 14.5 28.7 ..

.. 142.0 .. .. 63.2 8.3 5.0

15 6 166 12 2.0 14.1 7.5

.. 2.0 20.3 ..

65.9 90.3 8.2 3.2 150.9 ..

.. 20,868 .. 321,602 .. 8,906 4.2 142.1 121.0 80.0 78.2

195


St. Lucia Latin America & Caribbean

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2013 2013

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%)

196

2015

0.17 0.08 .. 5,280 2.2 3.5 19.0 5.3 77.5 3.9 2.7 56.1 63.6

.. 22 6 71 22 2.0 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..  

90 8.4 28.8 ..

.. 79.7 .. .. 75.9 2.9 7.8

.. 56 .. .. 63.9 21.6

0.18 0.10 .. 7,060 0.3 3.1 14.4 3.1 82.6 1.5 2.7 46.0 51.2

100 15 5 110 14 2.0 25.8 0.4 3.0 2.2 11.9 18.2 49.1 6.3 0.6  

2,409 1,264 5.9 7,604 5.7 7.6 36.7 23.0 55.6

30.3 30.1

26 7 323 20 2.6 17.5 3.0

50 426,038 6.3 3.3 23.3 31.6 .. .. .. 86.5 .. .. 111.1 5.9 6.1  

.. 48.0 10.7 3.6 98.0 6.0

.. 7,427 68 262,896 .. 2,932 3.0 116.3 99.8 35.2 44.8

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


St. Martin (French part) High income Highincome group 2013 2013

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

0.03 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms)

Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%) The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..   .. .. .. ..     .. .. .. .. .. .. ..  

.. .. .. .. .. ..

2015

0.03 1,306 .. 646 .. 7.7 .. 39,812 .. 0.9 .. 1.5 .. 24.8 .. 15.0 .. 73.7 .. .. .. 30.0 .. 29.6

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..  

.. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

15 6 166 12 2.0 14.1 7.5

.. 2.0 20.3 ..

65.9 90.3 8.2 3.2 150.9 ..

.. 20,868 .. 321,602 .. 8,906 .. .. 121.0 .. 78.2

197


St. Vincent and the Grenadines Latin America & Caribbean

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2013 2013

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%)

198

2015

0.11 0.05 .. 4,950 4.9 6.3 18.8 5.9 74.9 3.7 2.7 36.4 52.9

.. 12 8 76 15 .. .. 0.1 1.8 .. .. .. .. .. ..  

50 7.3 25.1 ..

.. 64.9 .. .. 45.6 6.4 6.7

.. .. .. .. 64.9 9.2

0.11 0.05 .. 6,460 –0.3 7.1 17.7 4.7 75.1 0.8 2.7 27.4 59.9

103 10 7 108 12 .. 30.2 0.1 1.4 4.8 5.9 65.0 52.7 9.3 20.9  

2,409 1,264 5.9 7,604 5.7 7.6 36.7 23.0 55.6

30.3 30.1

26 7 323 20 2.6 17.5 3.0

.. 426,038 17.9 3.3 24.9 31.6 .. .. .. 68.2 .. 8.3 53.6 8.7 6.7  

.. 48.0 10.7 3.6 98.0 6.0

.. 7,427 23 262,896 .. 2,932 1.7 114.6 99.8 52.0 44.8

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Sudan Sub-Saharan Africa

Lower middle income Lower middleincome Country data group 2005 2013 2013

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%) The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

31.6 c 38.0 2,561 9.5 c 11.9 1,014 14.8 c 15.2 5.3 570 1,550 2,074 6.3 –0.1 5.8 31.5 28.1 17.0 27.7 21.7 32.1 6.9 8.2 17.1 40.8 50.2 51.1 8.5 30.0 2.4 4.8 19.2 9.6 27.1 28.4 16.1 31.2         .. 160 37 36 22 10 10 7 180 180 315 56 32 25 2.0 2.0 2.9 .. 11.5 15.9 .. .. .. .. 1.1     .. 4.1 .. 3.2 .. 90.5 .. 2.6 .. 5.8 .. 7.0           748 3,310 402,668 d 5.9 3.3 2.1 23.1 20.0 25.5 18.2 18.2 18.8           .. .. .. 14.3 13.9 47.1 .. .. 10.3 .. .. 4.5 10.4 10.4 41.5 .. .. .. .. 7.1           9 10 2,437 342 538 62,268 77 143 736 .. 3.4 4.8 72.9 85.2 1.3 22.7 21.2 2015

199


Suriname Latin America & Caribbean

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2013 2013

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%)

200

2015

0.50 0.18 8.2 3,330 5.9 5.4 37.3 18.4 57.3 9.9 2.7 30.4 45.2

.. 697 13 199 20 5.0 .. 0.2 0.5 .. .. .. .. .. ..  

.. 1.6 24.9 19.6

.. 37.3 .. .. 19.3 1.7 10.1

5 .. .. .. 46.6 6.4

0.54 0.21 7.8 9,370 4.1 7.0 48.6 16.4 44.4 2.0 3.3 .. ..

162 84 13 199 22 5.0 27.9 0.6 1.6 6.4 1.8 85.3 57.6 44.4 16.9  

2,409 1,264 5.9 7,604 5.7 7.6 36.7 23.0 55.6

30.3 30.1

26 7 323 20 2.6 17.5 3.0

60 426,038 2.6 3.3 .. 31.6 .. .. .. 46.3 .. .. 27.0 9.0 4.9  

.. 48.0 10.7 3.6 98.0 6.0

3 7,427 .. 262,896 .. 2,932 0.7 161.1 99.8 37.4 44.8

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Swaziland Sub-Saharan Africa

Lower middle income Lower middleincome Country data group 2005 2013 2013

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

1.1 0.36 22.9 2,390 2.2 8.8 44.7 38.9 46.5 4.8 6.4 87.1 91.2

Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%) The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

.. 60 12 104 21 2.0 .. .. .. 4.4 3.3 39.7 16.0 16.9 22.1  

28 –1.8 15.0 7.1

.. 19.6 14.4 7.0 21.1 7.9 6.6

.. .. .. 1.8 18.1 3.7 2015

1.2 0.45 22.5 2,990 1.6 7.5 47.7 43.8 44.8 5.6 9.7 55.3 59.3

110 30 12 110 17 2.0 28.6 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..  

2,561 1,014 5.3 2,074 5.8 17.0 32.1 17.1 51.1

27.1 31.2

22 7 315 25 2.9 15.9 1.1

75 402,668 0.6 2.1 9.6 25.5 5.0 18.8 .. 28.2 17.9 6.8 25.3 1.2 6.4  

.. 47.1 10.3 4.5 41.5 7.1

.. 2,437 .. 62,268 .. 736 .. 71.5 85.2 24.7 21.2

201


Sweden High income Highincome group 2013 2013

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

9.0 4.8 7.8 45,350 2.7 1.1 29.7 20.5 69.2 0.5 7.5 45.9 38.7

.. 16 3 122 9 2.0 .. 20.6 3.5 .. .. .. .. .. ..  

.. 5.2 22.1 ..   50.6 42.9 4.9 0.8 102.7 2.5 2.5  

9.6 1,306 5.1 646 8.1 7.7 61,710 39,812 0.9 0.9 1.4 1.5 25.9 24.8 16.5 15.0 72.7 73.7 0.0 6.5 43.8 30.0 38.9 29.6

11 16 3 122 9 2.0 13.4 39.3 6.4 4.9 0.3 29.7 26.6 24.3 39.1  

.. –0.9 22.1 ..

35.3 62.9 .. 0.6 135.3 .. ..

15 6 166 12 2.0 14.1 7.5

.. 2.0 20.3 ..

65.9 90.3 8.2 3.2 150.9 ..

Infrastructure     190 .. 20,868 Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) 1,253 1,602 321,602 Port container traffic (thousand TEU) 15,431 14,030 8,906 Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) .. .. Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) 100.8 124.4 121.0 Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) 84.8 94.8 78.2 Individuals using the Internet (%)

202

2015

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Switzerland High income Highincome group 2013 2013

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

7.4 8.1 1,306 4.2 4.7 646 4.4 4.4 7.7 61,550 90,680 39,812 1.3 1.5 0.9 0.9 0.7 1.5 26.8 25.7 24.8 19.6 18.7 15.0 72.3 73.6 73.7 1.2 –0.2 1.2 0.9 53.9 72.1 30.0 46.7 60.0 29.6  

Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%)

.. 18 6 63 8 3.0 .. 11.1 2.2 .. .. .. .. .. ..  

.. 0.7 24.5 ..   38.3 127.9 4.9 0.5 150.2 2.5 2.6  

135 104 8,305 .. 92.2 70.1

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2015

20 10 6 63 8 3.0 9.5 13.7 2.5 .. .. .. .. .. ..  

.. –1.2 23.4 ..

24.3 163.9 5.7 0.8 169.0 2.9 2.7

15 6 166 12 2.0 14.1 7.5

.. 2.0 20.3 ..

65.9 90.3 8.2 3.2 150.9 ..

259 20,868 121 321,602 7,928 8,906 .. 136.8 121.0 86.7 78.2

203


Syrian Arab Republic Middle East & North Africa

Lower middle income Lower middleincome Country data group 2005 2013 2013

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%)

204

2015

18.2 5.2 9.2 1,520 4.7 19.5 36.2 8.0 44.3 7.2 52.2 40.4 41.6

.. 43 12 336 21 4.1 .. 0.1 0.0 .. .. .. .. .. ..  

583 1.7 23.0 11.9

.. 46.2 .. .. 14.8 –3.5 –1.0

17 539 1,514 .. 16.2 5.6

22.8 6.5 10.8 .. .. .. .. .. .. 36.7 46.7 .. ..

175 13 7 336 18 4.1 23.0 0.6 0.0 .. .. .. .. .. ..  

2,561 1,014 5.3 2,074 5.8 17.0 32.1 17.1 51.1

27.1 31.2

22 7 315 25 2.9 15.9 1.1

744 402,668 .. 2.1 .. 25.5 .. 18.8 .. .. .. .. .. .. 3.7  

.. 47.1 10.3 4.5 41.5 7.1

5 2,437 796 62,268 1,715 736 .. 56.1 85.2 26.2 21.2

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Tajikistan Europe & Central Asia

Low income Lowincome group 2013 2013

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

6.8 2.8 11.7 320 10.1 24.0 31.3 23.7 44.8 7.1 3.1 26.0 52.8

Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms)

.. 79 14 224 71 1.7 .. 0.8 0.2 4.2 71.5 .. 8.0 5.3 6.4  

Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

25 2.4 13.8 6.0

Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%)

.. 5.2 .. 11.3 9.1 12.6 13.1

7 .. 2,144 .. 3.9 0.3

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2015

8.2 3.6 10.7 990 6.7 27.4 21.7 11.2 50.8 5.0 4.8 19.2 68.3

166 39 4 209 71 1.7 17.7 1.3 0.3 21.9 31.9 34.5 19.2 19.2 16.9  

849 391 5.1 728 6.0 26.2 23.4 12.1 50.6

22.0 35.9

29 8 265 35 3.4 19.2 0.3

1,400 30,934 1.3 3.8 14.1 25.2 5.5 .. .. 6.1 19.6 16.0 17.9 19.2 17.8  

6 .. 1,714 6.1 91.8 16.0

.. 37.6 .. .. 27.6 10.7

385 .. 219 54.6 7.1

205


Tanzania Sub-Saharan Africa

Low income Lowincome group 2013 2013

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%)

206

2015

38.8 49.3 19.2 24.2 2.5 3.5 380 860 7.1 6.3 31.8 33.8 22.7 23.2 8.7 7.4 45.5 43.0 5.0 7.9 1,128.9 1,600.4 20.8 17.9 29.7 31.6  

.. 34 11 172 30 3.0 .. .. .. 4.0 14.7 66.8 17.3 44.3 14.7  

899 6.6 24.7 18.7

.. 21.0 .. 9.2 10.2 8.3 10.5

6 351 68 9.1 7.6 1.1

131 26 9 181 18 3.0 20.7 .. .. 2.0 14.6 72.6 14.7 52.6 17.6  

849 391 5.1 728 6.0 26.2 23.4 12.1 50.6

22.0 35.9

29 8 265 35 3.4 19.2 0.3

3,469 30,934 4.3 3.8 30.0 25.2 .. .. .. 19.1 .. 5.1 13.1 9.1 6.0  

32 526 92 8.9 55.7 4.4

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

.. 37.6 .. .. 27.6 10.7

385 .. 219 54.6 7.1


Thailand East Asia & Pacific

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2013 2013

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

65.6 37.4 1.3 2,600 5.5 10.3 44.0 34.7 45.8 4.5 40.2 73.6 74.7

Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms)

.. 33 8 264 24 2.7 .. 32.2 0.7 0.4 .. .. 71.9 27.9 39.0  

67.0 39.7 0.7 5,340 3.0 12.0 42.5 32.9 45.5 2.2 30.7 73.6 70.3

26 28 4 264 14 2.7 19.9 41.2 0.9 .. .. .. .. .. ..  

2,409 1,264 5.9 7,604 5.7 7.6 36.7 23.0 55.6

30.3 30.1

26 7 323 20 2.6 17.5 3.0

Private sector investment     Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) 11,760 15,230 426,038 4.6 3.3 3.3 Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) 28.9 26.7 31.6 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 21.8 21.2 .. Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)     Finance and banking       27.3 .. .. Government debt (% of GDP) 101.5 123.5 48.0 Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) 9.0 10.9 10.7 Bank capital to asset ratio (%) 9.1 2.3 3.6 Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) 100.7 154.4 98.0 Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) 1.2 4.1 Real interest rate (%) 3.9 4.1 6.0 Interest rate spread (percentage points)     Infrastructure       124 285 7,427 Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) 5,115 7,702 262,896 Port container traffic (thousand TEU) 1,911 2,316 2,932 Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) 1.3 .. Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) 46.5 140.1 99.8 Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) 15.0 28.9 44.8 Individuals using the Internet (%) The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2015

207


Timor-Leste East Asia & Pacific

Lower middle income Lower middleincome Country data group 2005 2013 2013

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%)

208

2015

0.98 0.25 7.2 900 1.0 28.2 9.8 2.5 62.2 1.1 1.0 8.1 63.7

.. 167 11 640 28 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..  

.. 0.2 18.9 12.0

.. 15.5 .. .. 21.6 17.6 15.9

.. .. .. .. 3.3 0.1

1.2 0.24 4.4 3,940 12.0 18.4 19.8 0.9 61.8 11.2 1.0 12.1 124.6

172 10 5 276 28 .. 11.0 1.7 2.8 .. .. .. .. .. ..  

2,561 1,014 5.3 2,074 5.8 17.0 32.1 17.1 51.1

27.1 31.2

22 7 315 25 2.9 15.9 1.1

.. 402,668 1.6 2.1 55.7 25.5 9.2 18.8 .. 31.7 .. .. 12.6 7.0 11.5  

.. 47.1 10.3 4.5 41.5 7.1

.. 2,437 .. 62,268 .. 736 .. 57.4 85.2 1.1 21.2

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Togo Sub-Saharan Africa

Low income Lowincome group 2013 2013

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

5.5 2.5 7.1 370 1.5 39.4 17.2 8.5 43.4 6.8 527.5 40.0 58.7

Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%) The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

.. 63 13 270 34 3.0 .. 0.0 0.0 .. .. .. .. .. ..  

735 4.5 15.8 13.1

.. 22.3 .. .. 17.5 .. ..

.. .. 111 .. 7.8 1.8 2015

6.8 3.2 6.9 530 4.0 30.8 15.5 8.1 53.7 1.8 494.0 39.4 56.3

149 10 6 270 24 3.0 10.0 0.5 0.1 .. .. .. .. .. ..  

849 391 5.1 728 6.0 26.2 23.4 12.1 50.6

22.0 35.9

29 8 265 35 3.4 19.2 0.3

815 30,934 1.9 3.8 18.3 25.2 10.1 .. .. 36.9 .. .. 32.2 .. ..  

11 .. .. .. 62.5 4.5

.. 37.6 .. .. 27.6 10.7

385 .. 219 54.6 7.1

209


Tonga East Asia & Pacific

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2013 2013

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%)

210

2015

0.10 0.04 .. 2,550 2.4 20.5 19.4 8.6 60.0 8.3 1.9 17.6 57.7

.. 32 4 164 21 2.7 .. 0.1 2.3 .. .. .. .. .. ..  

32 2.7 21.9 ..

.. 43.2 .. .. 52.2 5.5 5.5

5 .. .. .. 29.6 4.9

0.11 0.04 .. 4,490 1.7 19.2 21.5 6.4 59.3 0.7 1.7 17.8 62.7

69 16 4 200 22 2.7 23.8 0.1 1.9 .. .. .. .. .. ..  

2,409 1,264 5.9 7,604 5.7 7.6 36.7 23.0 55.6

30.3 30.1

26 7 323 20 2.6 17.5 3.0

6 426,038 2.5 3.3 33.1 31.6 .. .. .. 37.3 .. .. 28.2 9.0 6.9  

.. 48.0 10.7 3.6 98.0 6.0

.. 7,427 .. 262,896 .. 2,932 .. 54.6 99.8 35.0 44.8

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Trinidad and Tobago High income Highincome group 2013 2013

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

1.3 1.3 1,306 0.66 0.68 646 8.0 5.8 7.7 11,060 15,760 39,812 8.7 0.2 0.9 0.5 0.6 1.5 60.3 56.5 24.8 5.5 6.4 15.0 39.2 42.9 73.7 6.9 5.2 6.3 6.4 65.8 63.2 30.0 39.0 40.0 29.6  

Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms)

.. 74 9 210 14 2.5 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..  

Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

.. 5.8 28.6 19.4   16.8 38.0 .. .. 34.6 –7.0 6.9  

Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%)

14 515 5,142 .. 71.3 29.0

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2015

79 12 7 210 11 2.5 22.0 .. .. 7.9 5.5 69.2 63.8 18.8 11.0  

.. 7.0 .. ..

.. 55.0 .. .. 31.1 3.6 6.0

15 6 166 12 2.0 14.1 7.5

.. 2.0 20.3 ..

65.9 90.3 8.2 3.2 150.9 ..

35 20,868 703 321,602 6,332 8,906 0.5 144.9 121.0 63.8 78.2

211


Tunisia Middle East & North Africa

Lower middle income Lower middleincome Country data group 2005 2013 2013

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%)

212

2015

10.0 3.4 14.2 3,190 4.2 10.1 29.3 17.4 60.6 2.0 1.3 44.9 45.3

.. 11 10 268 16 1.3 .. 5.6 0.8 .. .. .. .. .. ..  

781 2.2 21.3 18.3

52.4 43.9 7.7 20.9 58.3 .. ..

21 421 1,092 .. 56.5 9.7

10.9 4.0 13.3 4,200 3.2 8.6 30.0 17.0 61.4 5.8 1.6 47.0 56.2

60 11 10 144 16 1.3 15.4 11.3 1.5 46.5 4.9 45.2 44.7 89.3 16.8  

2,561 1,014 5.3 2,074 5.8 17.0 32.1 17.1 51.1

27.1 31.2

22 7 315 25 2.9 15.9 1.1

5,239 402,668 2.3 2.1 20.2 25.5 .. 18.8 44.5 55.4 .. .. 75.7 .. ..  

.. 47.1 10.3 4.5 41.5 7.1

43 2,437 572 62,268 1,297 736 0.3 115.6 85.2 43.8 21.2

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Turkey Europe & Central Asia

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2013 2013

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

67.7 74.9 22.3 27.5 10.6 10.0 6,520 10,970 5.2 3.5 10.8 8.5 28.5 27.1 19.8 17.6 60.7 64.4 10.1 7.5 1.3 1.9 21.9 25.6 25.4 32.2  

Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms)

.. 6 6 254 20 3.3 .. 45.8 1.0 6.3 8.4 .. 36.8 11.1 26.7  

55 7 7 226 13 3.3 18.1 38.8 0.8 19.0 1.2 40.0 42.4 8.3 32.4  

2,409 1,264 5.9 7,604 5.7 7.6 36.7 23.0 55.6

30.3 30.1

26 7 323 20 2.6 17.5 3.0

Private sector investment     Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) 21,742 71,575 426,038 2.1 1.6 3.3 Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) 21.0 20.3 31.6 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 17.7 15.6 .. Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)     Finance and banking       .. 45.1 .. Government debt (% of GDP) 37.7 55.0 48.0 Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) 12.3 11.2 10.7 Bank capital to asset ratio (%) 4.3 2.6 3.6 Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) 22.2 70.2 98.0 Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) .. .. Real interest rate (%) .. .. 6.0 Interest rate spread (percentage points)     Infrastructure       146 566 7,427 Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) 3,174 7,284 262,896 Port container traffic (thousand TEU) 2,019 2,709 2,932 Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) .. 1.7 Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) 64.4 93.0 99.8 Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) 15.5 46.3 44.8 Individuals using the Internet (%) The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2015

213


Turkmenistan Europe & Central Asia

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2013 2013

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%)

214

2015

4.7 1.9 11.0 1,600 4.5 18.8 37.6 21.7 43.6 .. 2.2 65.0 47.8

5.2 2.3 10.6 6,880 10.9 14.5 48.4 .. 37.0 .. 2.9 73.3 44.4

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..  

20 5.2 22.9 22.7

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..  

30.3 30.1

26 7 323 20 2.6 17.5 3.0

219 426,038 7.3 3.3 47.2 31.6 10.5 ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. 0.0 .. .. ..

14 .. 2,055 .. 2.2 1.0

2,409 1,264 5.9 7,604 5.7 7.6 36.7 23.0 55.6

.. 48.0 10.7 3.6 98.0 6.0

1 7,427 .. 262,896 2,444 2,932 .. 116.9 99.8 9.6 44.8

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Turks and Caicos Islands High income Highincome group 2013 2013

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

0.03 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms)

Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%) The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..   .. .. .. ..     .. .. .. .. .. .. ..  

.. .. .. .. .. ..

2015

0.03 1,306 .. 646 .. 7.7 .. 39,812 .. 0.9 .. 1.5 .. 24.8 .. 15.0 .. 73.7 .. .. .. 30.0 .. 29.6

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..  

.. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

15 6 166 12 2.0 14.1 7.5

.. 2.0 20.3 ..

65.9 90.3 8.2 3.2 150.9 ..

.. 20,868 .. 321,602 .. 8,906 .. .. 121.0 .. 78.2

215


Tuvalu East Asia & Pacific

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2013 2013

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

0.01 .. .. 3,740 0.2 22.6 8.6 0.9 68.8 .. 1.3 .. ..

Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms)

Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

.. –0.1 .. ..

Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%)

2015

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..  

Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

216

0.01 .. .. 5,840 1.9 22.2 8.7 1.2 69.1 .. 1.0 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..   .. .. .. .. .. ..  

30.3 30.1

26 7 323 20 2.6 17.5 3.0

.. 426,038 0.9 3.3 .. 31.6 .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. 13.4 10.0

2,409 1,264 5.9 7,604 5.7 7.6 36.7 23.0 55.6

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. 48.0 10.7 3.6 98.0 6.0

.. 7,427 .. 262,896 .. 2,932 .. 34.4 99.8 37.0 44.8

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Uganda Sub-Saharan Africa

Low income Lowincome group 2013 2013

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

28.7 37.6 11.4 15.0 2.0 3.8 290 600 6.9 6.8 26.7 25.3 25.0 20.8 7.5 10.0 48.3 54.0 8.4 5.5 1,780.7 2,586.9 14.2 20.2 24.8 30.5  

Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%) The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

.. 34 18 237 38 2.2 .. 8.2 0.6 5.2 14.5 73.1 14.0 33.0 15.5  

502 4.2 22.2 17.2

64.9 14.9 11.9 2.3 8.6 21.8 10.9

0 .. .. 10.7 4.6 1.7 2015

150 32 15 209 28 2.2 25.2 20.8 1.2 6.5 14.3 95.2 21.4 18.1 11.6  

849 391 5.1 728 6.0 26.2 23.4 12.1 50.6

22.0 35.9

29 8 265 35 3.4 19.2 0.3

3,916 30,934 4.8 3.8 29.1 25.2 22.4 .. 33.2 17.1 16.1 5.6 13.5 18.4 11.4  

8 .. .. 6.3 44.1 16.2

.. 37.6 .. .. 27.6 10.7

385 .. 219 54.6 7.1

217


Ukraine Europe & Central Asia

Lower middle income Lower middleincome Country data group 2005 2013 2013

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%)

218

2015

47.1 23.3 7.2 1,540 8.0 10.4 32.3 19.6 57.3 13.6 5.1 51.5 50.6

.. 34 15 2,085 30 2.9 .. 27.7 0.8 8.0 49.5 .. 27.3 33.5 12.9  

3,443 9.1 22.0 20.1

.. 30.1 11.9 58.0 32.2 –6.7 7.6

42 579 3,246 .. 63.7 3.7

45.5 23.1 7.9 3,960 0.0 10.4 26.9 13.7 62.6 –0.3 8.2 46.9 55.4

96 21 6 350 29 2.9 9.7 29.7 0.9 19.6 50.0 50.1 14.8 6.7 16.6  

2,561 1,014 5.3 2,074 5.8 17.0 32.1 17.1 51.1

27.1 31.2

22 7 315 25 2.9 15.9 1.1

9,716 402,668 2.5 2.1 18.2 25.5 17.0 18.8 33.5 45.8 15.1 12.9 74.0 15.3 5.9  

.. 47.1 10.3 4.5 41.5 7.1

67 2,437 808 62,268 3,662 736 0.3 138.1 85.2 41.8 21.2

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


United Arab Emirates High income Highincome group 2013 2013

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

4.1 9.3 1,306 2.5 6.3 646 3.1 3.8 7.7 41,470 38,360 39,812 5.8 1.3 0.9 1.4 0.7 1.5 55.6 59.0 24.8 10.6 8.5 15.0 43.0 40.3 73.7 .. 1.1 3.7 3.7 67.6 98.4 30.0 52.0 77.7 29.6  

Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

.. 19 10 12 9 3.2 .. 7.0 2.1 .. .. .. .. .. ..  

.. 6.0 18.4 11.4   .. 46.2 11.9 8.3 43.8 .. ..  

22 8 6 12 7 3.2 0.0 10.8 1.4 .. .. .. .. .. ..  

.. 2.6 22.0 14.8

.. 57.9 15.2 7.3 59.1 .. ..

15 6 166 12 2.0 14.1 7.5

.. 2.0 20.3 ..

65.9 90.3 8.2 3.2 150.9 ..

Infrastructure     87 359 20,868 Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) 9,852 19,336 321,602 Port container traffic (thousand TEU) 13,561 9,389 8,906 Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) .. .. Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) 109.3 171.9 121.0 Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) 40.0 88.0 78.2 Individuals using the Internet (%) The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2015

219


United Kingdom High income Highincome group 2013 2013

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%)

220

2015

60.4 64.1 1,306 30.7 32.8 646 4.8 7.5 7.7 41,010 41,680 39,812 3.0 0.3 0.9 0.6 0.7 1.5 23.0 20.2 24.8 11.9 9.7 15.0 76.3 79.2 73.7 2.0 2.6 0.5 0.6 25.8 29.8 30.0 28.4 31.7 29.6  

.. 12 6 105 10 1.0 .. 333.7 8.4 .. .. .. .. .. ..  

.. 10.5 18.0 ..   43.9 .. 6.1 1.0 150.9 1.8 ..  

1,018 8,250 6,271 .. 108.6 70.0

8 6 6 110 8 1.0 20.9 455.6 11.0 .. .. .. .. .. ..  

.. 1.8 16.4 ..

97.2 .. 5.0 3.7 155.5 –1.2 ..

15 6 166 12 2.0 14.1 7.5

.. 2.0 20.3 ..

65.9 90.3 8.2 3.2 150.9 ..

1,041 20,868 9,167 321,602 5,472 8,906 .. 124.6 121.0 89.8 78.2

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


United States High income Highincome group 2013 2013

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

295.5 316.1 1,306 152.7 159.0 646 5.2 7.4 7.7 46,220 53,470 39,812 2.6 0.9 0.9 1.2 1.3 1.5 22.0 21.0 24.8 13.5 13.0 15.0 76.9 77.7 73.7 3.4 1.5 1.0 1.0 10.0 13.5 30.0 15.5 16.5 29.6  

Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

.. 6 6 325 6 1.5 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..  

.. 1.1 23.2 19.3   56.3 66.5 10.3 0.7 187.8 2.9 ..  

7 6 6 175 6 1.5 28.2 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..  

.. 1.8 19.3 15.8

96.1 81.1 11.8 2.5 192.3 1.7 ..

15 6 166 12 2.0 14.1 7.5

.. 2.0 20.3 ..

65.9 90.3 8.2 3.2 150.9 ..

Infrastructure     Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) 9,970 9,734 20,868 38,498 44,255 321,602 Port container traffic (thousand TEU) 13,705 13,246 8,906 Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) .. .. Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) 68.3 95.5 121.0 Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) 68.0 84.2 78.2 Individuals using the Internet (%) The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2015

221


Uruguay High income Highincome group 2013 2013

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%)

222

2015

3.3 3.4 1,306 1.6 1.7 646 9.0 6.6 7.7 4,720 15,180 39,812 0.0 5.8 0.9 10.4 10.0 1.5 27.1 25.4 24.8 17.1 12.6 15.0 62.5 64.6 73.7 4.7 8.6 24.5 20.5 30.4 24.0 30.0 28.5 27.3 29.6  

.. 45 11 304 23 2.1 .. 7.5 3.6 7.0 0.6 87.1 20.6 38.6 6.8  

1,063 4.8 16.5 13.2   76.1 39.6 7.2 5.6 22.5 12.8 10.8  

9 596 2,000 0.1 34.7 20.1

82 7 5 312 15 1.8 23.6 6.5 3.0 11.6 1.8 67.7 26.4 15.5 10.8  

3,588 5.0 22.9 18.3

44.5 41.6 9.3 1.3 26.8 4.5 7.8

15 6 166 12 2.0 14.1 7.5

.. 2.0 20.3 ..

65.9 90.3 8.2 3.2 150.9 ..

.. 20,868 861 321,602 2,810 8,906 0.1 154.6 121.0 58.1 78.2

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Uzbekistan Europe & Central Asia

Lower middle income Lower middleincome Country data group 2005 2013 2013

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

26.2 30.2 10.4 13.3 11.0 10.7 530 1,880 5.3 8.5 28.0 19.1 23.2 26.3 9.1 10.5 48.9 54.6 .. .. 1,112.9 2,095.0 37.9 27.7 28.7 31.6  

Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%) The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

.. 28 11 196 79 4.0 .. 6.1 0.4 2.5 63.0 .. 15.0 8.3 9.4  

286 1.3 17.9 14.6

.. .. 14.0 3.0 .. .. ..

22 .. 1,711 .. 2.8 3.3 2015

141 8 7 193 54 2.0 12.1 12.8 0.6 19.9 2.4 15.8 13.1 6.2 4.0  

2,561 1,014 5.3 2,074 5.8 17.0 32.1 17.1 51.1

27.1 31.2

22 7 315 25 2.9 15.9 1.1

3,017 402,668 1.9 2.1 23.2 25.5 20.7 18.8 .. .. 11.2 0.4 .. .. ..  

.. 47.1 10.3 4.5 41.5 7.1

24 2,437 .. 62,268 1,626 736 5.7 74.3 85.2 38.2 21.2

223


Vanuatu East Asia & Pacific

Lower middle income Lower middleincome Country data group 2005 2013 2013

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%)

224

2015

0.21 0.09 .. 1,780 1.0 25.3 8.9 4.3 65.8 1.2 109.2 45.4 54.8

.. 47 8 120 26 2.6 .. 0.5 4.4 .. .. .. .. .. ..  

6 3.4 23.4 ..

.. 92.4 .. .. 43.6 7.0 5.5

2 .. .. .. 6.1 5.1

0.25 0.11 .. 3,130 2.9 28.0 8.8 3.6 63.2 1.4 91.5 47.8 51.3

76 35 8 120 21 2.6 0.0 0.3 2.3 .. .. .. .. .. ..  

2,561 1,014 5.3 2,074 5.8 17.0 32.1 17.1 51.1

27.1 31.2

22 7 315 25 2.9 15.9 1.1

41 402,668 4.0 2.1 25.2 25.5 .. 18.8 .. 71.9 .. .. 68.7 2.3 3.8  

.. 47.1 10.3 4.5 41.5 7.1

13 2,437 .. 62,268 .. 736 .. 50.3 85.2 11.3 21.2

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Venezuela, RB Latin America & Caribbean

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2013 2013

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

26.7 30.4 12.2 14.1 11.4 7.5 4,920 12,550 1.5 2.2 4.0 5.8 57.8 52.2 16.4 13.9 38.2 42.1 .. 40.6 2.1 6.0 39.7 26.2 20.5 24.2  

Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

.. 143 16 864 34 4.0 .. .. .. 33.6 2.6 .. 24.9 25.4 12.5  

3,425 1.9 20.3 12.1

Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%)

.. 19.0 11.1 1.1 13.1 –9.9 5.2

136 1,120 2,859 0.6 46.8 12.6

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2015

182 144 17 792 56 4.0 10.3 .. .. 27.6 6.4 29.8 27.1 13.9 25.9  

2,409 1,264 5.9 7,604 5.7 7.6 36.7 23.0 55.6

30.3 30.1

26 7 323 20 2.6 17.5 3.0

4,448 426,038 1.6 3.3 20.3 31.6 7.4 .. .. 41.1 10.9 .. 25.3 –27.5 1.4  

.. 48.0 10.7 3.6 98.0 6.0

79 7,427 1,348 262,896 3,313 2,932 2.6 101.6 99.8 54.9 44.8

225


Vietnam East Asia & Pacific

Lower middle income Lower middleincome Country data group 2005 2013 2013

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%)

226

2015

82.4 89.7 46.3 53.7 2.1 2.0 680 1,740 6.9 5.9 19.3 18.4 38.1 38.3 18.8 17.5 42.6 43.3 8.3 6.6 15,858.9 20,912.9 63.7 83.9 67.0 79.8  

.. 42 11 1,050 24 5.0 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..  

3,095 3.4 31.3 ..

.. 12.1 .. .. 60.5 1.7 3.9

54 2,537 580 .. 11.3 12.7

78 34 10 872 21 5.0 17.0 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..  

2,561 1,014 5.3 2,074 5.8 17.0 32.1 17.1 51.1

27.1 31.2

22 7 315 25 2.9 15.9 1.1

7,758 402,668 5.2 2.1 23.8 25.5 .. 18.8 .. 11.9 9.9 3.4 96.8 5.4 3.2  

.. 47.1 10.3 4.5 41.5 7.1

135 2,437 8,121 62,268 1,073 736 .. 130.9 85.2 43.9 21.2

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Virgin Islands (U.S.) High income Highincome group 2013 2013

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

0.11 0.05 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms)

Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%) The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..   .. .. .. ..     .. .. .. .. .. .. ..  

.. .. .. .. 74.5 27.3 2015

0.10 1,306 0.05 646 .. 7.7 .. 39,812 .. 0.9 .. 1.5 .. 24.8 .. 15.0 .. 73.7 .. .. .. 30.0 .. 29.6

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..  

.. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

15 6 166 12 2.0 14.1 7.5

.. 2.0 20.3 ..

65.9 90.3 8.2 3.2 150.9 ..

.. 20,868 .. 321,602 .. 8,906 .. .. 121.0 45.3 78.2

227


West Bank and Gaza Middle East & North Africa

Lower middle income Lower middleincome Country data group 2005 2013 2013

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%)

228

2015

3.3 0.74 26.0 1,660 4.5 6.1 26.8 14.6 67.1 3.5 4.5 15.0 74.0   .. 93 12 170 25 .. .. .. ..   5.7 2.7 .. 14.2 37.1 18.2     430 0.7 25.3 ..     .. 16.7 .. .. .. .. ..     .. .. .. 2.3 15.9 16.0

4.2 2,561 1.0 1,014 23.4 5.3 3,070 2,074 5.4 5.8 5.3 17.0 25.1 32.1 16.2 17.1 69.6 51.1 2.8 3.6 16.6 27.1 55.9 31.2     143 44 22 9 7 162 315 23 25 .. 2.9 15.0 15.9 .. .. 1.1   4.4 2.9 50.7 11.3 42.5 7.9       777 402,668 1.6 2.1 22.2 25.5 .. 18.8       .. .. 15.6 47.1 10.0 10.3 2.9 4.5 .. 41.5 .. .. 7.1       .. 2,437 .. 62,268 .. 736 8.7 73.7 85.2 46.6 21.2

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Yemen, Rep. Middle East & North Africa

Lower middle income Lower middleincome Country data group 2005 2013 2013

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

20.1 5.2 16.1 700 4.1 10.5 49.0 7.1 40.5 11.8 191.5 40.9 35.9

Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%) The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

.. 63 12 248 33 3.0 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..  

377 –1.8 18.5 10.6

.. 19.2 .. .. 6.9 –0.4 5.0

17 773 183 .. 11.3 1.0 2015

24.4 7.1 17.4 1,330 –0.1 .. .. .. 100.0 11.0 214.9 .. ..

137 40 6 248 29 3.0 20.2 .. .. 1.9 62.6 43.0 4.6 25.6 4.9  

2,561 1,014 5.3 2,074 5.8 17.0 32.1 17.1 51.1

27.1 31.2

22 7 315 25 2.9 15.9 1.1

1,052 402,668 –0.4 2.1 .. 25.5 .. 18.8 .. 25.4 .. 21.7 6.3 13.2 6.8  

.. 47.1 10.3 4.5 41.5 7.1

14 2,437 820 62,268 193 736 38.8 69.0 85.2 20.0 21.2

229


Zambia Sub-Saharan Africa

Lower middle income Lower middleincome Country data group 2005 2013 2013

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%)

230

2015

11.5 4.9 15.9 580 6.2 16.1 29.7 10.9 54.2 18.3 4.5 30.6 31.6

.. 35 6 183 53 2.7 .. 3.4 0.6 4.6 4.9 73.8 15.0 97.0 17.1  

227 4.3 .. ..

.. 13.3 .. 10.8 6.6 9.9 17.0

6 .. 716 2.5 8.3 2.9

14.5 6.2 13.3 1,810 8.1 9.6 33.9 8.2 56.5 7.0 5.4 41.9 39.7

111 7 5 177 51 2.4 1.3 9.7 1.4 8.8 9.0 78.3 9.9 18.9 15.5  

2,561 1,014 5.3 2,074 5.8 17.0 32.1 17.1 51.1

27.1 31.2

22 7 315 25 2.9 15.9 1.1

1,812 402,668 6.8 2.1 25.9 25.5 .. 18.8 .. 19.1 .. 7.0 16.5 3.7 3.0  

.. 47.1 10.3 4.5 41.5 7.1

8 2,437 .. 62,268 599 736 5.2 71.5 85.2 15.4 21.2

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Zimbabwe Sub-Saharan Africa

Low income Lowincome group 2013 2013

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2006–13 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in CPI) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

12.7 6.4 4.6 430 –8.5 18.6 28.7 16.4 52.7 .. 1.0 33.5 42.5

Business environment Ease of doing business (ranking 1–189; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours) Time to export (days) Time to resolve insolvency (years) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time spent dealing w/req. of gov't. reg. (% of sr. mgt. time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms competing against unregistered firms (%) Firms using banks to finance working capital (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) Internationally recognized quality certification (% of firms)

.. 93 9 216 52 3.3 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..  

Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–13 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government debt (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

72 1.8 2.0 0.0

.. 37.1 8.0 23.2 15.8 219.3 144.6

Infrastructure Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide) Port container traffic (thousand TEU) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Individuals using the Internet (%) The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

4 .. 984 .. 5.1 8.0 2015

14.1 7.4 5.4 860 3.9 12.0 31.1 12.8 56.9 1.6 1.0 29.5 57.0

171 90 9 242 53 3.3 19.2 .. .. 2.5 12.6 71.8 12.8 30.0 18.0  

849 391 5.1 728 6.0 26.2 23.4 12.1 50.6

22.0 35.9

29 8 265 35 3.4 19.2 0.3

1,251 30,934 3.0 3.8 13.0 25.2 10.1 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..  

11 .. 757 6.7 96.3 18.5

.. 37.6 .. .. 27.6 10.7

385 .. 219 54.6 7.1

231


Notes a. Data series will be calculated upon finalization of the ongoing revisions to official statistics by the National Statistics and Censuses Institute of Argentina. b. Data for Argentina are officially reported by the National Statistics and Censuses Institute of Argentina. The IMF has, however, issued a declaration of censure and called on Argentina to adopt remedial measures to address the quality of the official GDP and CPI data. Alternative data sources have shown significantly lower real growth and higher inflation than the official data since 2008. In this context, the World Bank is also using alternative data sources and estimates for the surveillance of macroeconomic developments in Argentina. c. Excludes South Sudan. d. Includes South Sudan.

232

2015

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Glossary Agriculture value added is the net output of agriculture (International Standard Industrial Classification divisions 1–5, including forestry and fishing) after totaling outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. (World Bank and Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development) Air transport for registered carrier departures worldwide are domestic takeoffs and takeoffs abroad of air carriers registered in the country. (International Civil Aviation Organization) Bank capital to asset ratio is the ratio of bank capital and reserves to total assets. Capital and reserves include funds contributed by owners, retained earnings, general and special reserves, provisions, and valuation adjustments. Capital includes tier 1 capital (paid-up shares and common stock), which is a common feature in all countries’ banking systems, and total regulatory capital, which includes several specified types of subordinated debt instruments that need not be repaid if the funds are required to maintain minimum capital levels (these comprise tier 2 and tier 3 capital). Total assets include all nonfinancial and financial assets. (International Monetary Fund) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans is the percentage value of nonperforming loans divided by the total value of the loan portfolio (including nonperforming loans before the deduction of specific loan loss provisions). The loan amount recorded as nonperforming should be the gross value of the loan as recorded on the balance sheet, not just the amount that is overdue. (International Monetary Fund) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection is the average wait, in days, to obtain an electrical connection from the day an establishment applies for it to the day it receives the service. (World Bank) Domestic credit to the private sector is financial resources provided to the private sector—such as through loans, purchases of nonequity securities, and trade credits and other accounts receivable—that establish a claim for repayment. For some countries these claims include credit to public enterprises. (International Monetary Fund, World Bank, and Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development) Ease of doing business index ranks economies from 1 to 189, with 1 being the best. A high ranking means that a country’s regulatory environment is conducive to business operation. The index ranks the simple average of a country’s percentile rankings on 11 topics covered in Doing Business 2015. The ranking on each topic is the simple average of the percentile rankings on its component indicators. Data listed for 2013 are for June 2014. (World Bank) Electric power consumption is the production of power plants and combined heat and power plants minus transmission, distribution, and transformation losses and own use by heat and power plants. (International Energy Agency)

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Glossary Enterprise surveys gather firm-level data to benchmark the business environment of economies and assess how business environment constraints affect productivity and job creation. (World Bank) Exchange rate is the exchange rate determined by national authorities or the rate determined in the legally sanctioned exchange market. It is calculated in local currency units relative to the U.S. dollar as an annual average based on monthly averages. (International Monetary Fund) Exports of goods and services are the value of all goods and other market services provided to the rest of the world. They include the value of merchandise, freight, insurance, transport, travel, royalties, license fees, and other services, such as communication, construction, financial, information, business, personal, and government services. They exclude compensation of employees and investment income (formerly called factor services) as well as transfer payments. (World Bank and Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development) Firms competing against unregistered firms are the percentage of firms competing against unregistered or informal firms. (World Bank) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials are the percentage of firms that report that a gift or informal payment is expected or requested during a meeting with tax officials. (World Bank) Firms using banks to finance working capital are the percentage of firms using bank loans to finance working capital. (World Bank) GDP growth is the annual percentage growth rate of gross domestic product (GDP) at market prices based on constant local currency. Aggregates are based on constant 2005 U.S. dollars. GDP is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without deducting for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources. (World Bank and Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method, is gross national income (GNI) converted to U.S. dollars using the World Bank Atlas method, divided by the midyear population. GNI is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes minus any subsidies not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. GNI, calculated in national currency, is usually converted to U.S. dollars at official exchange rates for comparisons across economies. To smooth fluctuations in prices and exchange rates, the World Bank Atlas method is used; it averages the exchange rate for a given year and the two preceding years, adjusted for differences in rates of inflation between the country and the Euro area, Japan, the United Kingdom, and the United States. (World Bank)

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Glossary Government debt is the entire stock of direct government fixed-term contractual obligations to others outstanding on a particular date. It includes domestic and foreign liabilities such as loans, currency and money deposits, and securities other than shares. It is the gross amount of government liabilities reduced by the amount of equity and financial derivatives held by the government. Because debt is a stock rather than a flow, it is measured as of a given date, usually the last day of the fiscal year. (International Monetary Fund, World Bank, and Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development) Gross fixed capital formation includes land improvements (fences, ditches, drains, and so on); plant, machinery, and equipment purchases; and the construction of roads, railways, and the like, including schools, offices, hospitals, private residential dwellings, and commercial and industrial buildings. According to the 1993 System of National Accounts, net acquisition of valuables is also considered capital formation. (World Bank and Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development) Gross fixed private capital formation is gross outlays by the private sector (including private nonprofit organizations) on additions to its fixed domestic assets. (World Bank and Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development) Imports of goods and services are the value of all goods and other market services received from the rest of the world. They include the value of merchandise, freight, insurance, transport, travel, royalties, license fees, and other services, such as communication, construction, financial, information, business, personal, and government services. They exclude compensation of employees and investment income (formerly called factor services) as well as transfer payments. (World Bank and Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development) Individuals using the Internet are the percentage of individuals who have used the Internet (from any location) in the last 12 months. Internet can be used via a computer, mobile phone, personal digital assistant, games machine, digital TV, etc. (International Telecommunication Union) Industry value added is the net output of industry (International Standard Industrial Classification divisions 10–45, including mining, manufacturing, construction, electricity, water, and gas) after totaling outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. (World Bank and Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development) Inflation is the annual percentage change in the cost to the average consumer of acquiring a basket of goods and services that may be fixed or changed at specified intervals, such as yearly. The Laspeyres formula is generally used. (International Monetary Fund)

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Glossary Interest rate spread is the interest rate charged by banks on loans to prime customers minus the interest rate paid by commercial or similar banks for demand, time, or savings deposits. (International Monetary Fund) Internationally recognized quality certification is the percentage of firms that have an internationally recognized quality certification. (World Bank) Investment in infrastructure with private participation is the value of infrastructure projects in telecommunications, energy (electricity and natural gas transmission and distribution), transport, and water and sanitation that have reached financial closure and directly or indirectly serve the public, including operation and management contracts with major capital expenditure, greenfield projects (in which a private entity or public-private joint venture builds and operates a new facility), and divestitures. Incinerators, movable assets, standalone solid waste projects, and small projects such as windmills are excluded. Data listed for 2005 and 2013 refer to total for the period 2000–05 and 2006–13. (World Bank) Labor force is all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period, according to the International Labour Organization definition of the economically active population. It includes both the employed and the unemployed. While national practices vary in the treatment of such groups as the armed forces and seasonal or parttime workers, in general the labor force includes the armed forces, the unemployed, and first-time job-seekers and excludes homemakers and other unpaid caregivers and workers in the informal sector. (International Labour Organization and World Bank) Manufacturing value added is the net output of industries belonging to International Standard Industrial Classification divisions 15–37 after totaling outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. (World Bank and Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions are the number of subscriptions to a public mobile-telephone service that provide access to the public switched telephone network (PSTN) using cellular technology. The indicator includes (and is split into) the number of postpaid subscriptions, and the number of active prepaid accounts (i.e. that have been used during the last three months). The indicator applies to all mobile-cellular subscriptions that offer voice communications. It excludes subscriptions via data cards or USB modems, subscriptions to public mobile data services, private trunked mobile radio, telepoint, radio paging, and telemetry services. It is calculated per 100 people. (International Telecommunication Union) New business density is the number of newly registered limited liability corporations per 1,000 people ages 15–64. (World Bank) New businesses registered are the number of new limited liability corporations registered in the calendar year. (World Bank)

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Glossary Population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship—except for refugees not permanently settled in the country of asylum, who are generally considered part of the population of their country of origin. Data are midyear estimates. (World Bank) Port container traffic is the flow of containers from land to sea transport modes and vice versa in twenty-foot-equivalent units (TEUs), a standard-size container. Data cover coastal shipping as well as international journeys. Transshipment traffic is counted as two lifts at the intermediate port (once to off-load and again as an outbound lift) and includes empty units. (Containerisation International and the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development) Power outages in firms in a typical month are the average number of power outages that establishments experience in a typical month. (World Bank) Private foreign direct investment, net, is net inflows of private investment to acquire a lasting management interest (10 percent or more of voting stock) in an enterprise operating in an economy other than that of the investor. It is the sum of equity capital, reinvestment of earnings, other long-term capital, and short-term capital, as shown in the balance of payments. (International Monetary Fund, World Bank, and Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development) Procedures to start a business are the number of procedures required to start a business, including interactions to obtain necessary permits and licenses and to complete all inscriptions, verifications, and notifications to start operations. Data are for businesses with specific characteristics of ownership, size, and type of production. Data listed for 2013 are for June 2014. (World Bank) Profit tax is the amount of taxes on profits paid by the business as a percentage of commercial profits. For further details on the method, see the World Bank’s Doing Business 2015. Data listed for 2013 are for June 2014. (World Bank) Real interest rate is the lending interest rate adjusted for inflation as measured by the GDP deflator. (International Monetary Fund and World Bank) Services value added is the net output of services (International Standard Industrial Classification divisions 50–99) after totaling outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. (World Bank and Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development) Time spent dealing with the requirements of government regulations is the percentage of senior management time in a given week spent on requirements imposed by government regulations (taxes, customs, labor regulations, licensing, and registration). (World Bank)

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Glossary Time to export is the time necessary to comply with all procedures required to export goods. If a procedure can be accelerated for an additional cost, the fastest legal procedure is chosen. (World Bank) Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes is the time, in hours per year, it takes to prepare, file, and pay (or withhold) three major types of taxes: the corporate income tax, the value added or sales tax, and labor taxes, including payroll taxes and social security contributions. (World Bank) Time to resolve insolvency is the number of years from time of filing for insolvency in court until resolution of distressed assets and payment of creditors. Data listed for 2013 are for June 2014. (World Bank) Time to start a business is the number of calendar days needed to complete the required procedures for legally operating a business. If a procedure can be expedited at additional cost, the fastest procedure, independent of cost, is chosen. Data listed for 2013 are for June 2014. (World Bank) Total financial system deposits are the demand, time, and saving deposits in deposit money banks and other financial institutions. (International Monetary Fund) Unemployment rate is the share of the labor force without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country. (International Labour Organization)

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The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development 2015  

The little data book on Private Sector Development 2015 is a reliable cross-country data on aspects of private sector development, crucial i...

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