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2014

THE LITTLE DATA BOOK ON INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY

© 2014 International Bank for Reconstruction and Development / The World Bank 1818 H Street NW, Washington DC 20433 Telephone: 202-473-1000; Internet: www.worldbank.org Some rights reserved 1 2 3 4 17 16 15 14 This work is a product of the staff of The World Bank with external contributions. The findings, interpretations, and conclusions expressed in this work do not necessarily reflect the views of The World Bank, its Board of Executive Directors, or the governments they represent. The World Bank does not guarantee the accuracy of the data included in this work. The boundaries, colors, denominations, and other information shown on any map in this work do not imply any judgment on the part of The World Bank concerning the legal status of any territory or the endorsement or acceptance of such boundaries. Nothing herein shall constitute or be considered to be a limitation upon or waiver of the privileges and immunities of The World Bank, all of which are specifically reserved. Rights and Permissions

This work is available under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 IGO license (CC BY 3.0 IGO) http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo. Under the Creative Commons Attribution license, you are free to copy, distribute, transmit, and adapt this work, including for commercial purposes, under the following conditions: Attribution—Please cite the work as follows: The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2014. 2014. Washington, DC: World Bank. doi:10.1596/9781-4648-0177-8. License: Creative Commons Attribution CC BY 3.0 IGO Translations—If you create a translation of this work, please add the following disclaimer along with the attribution: This translation was not created by The World Bank and should not be considered an official World Bank translation. The World Bank shall not be liable for any content or error in this translation. Adaptations—If you create an adaptation of this work, please add the following disclaimer along with the attribution: This is an adaptation of an original work by The World Bank. Responsibility for the views and opinions expressed in the adaptation rests solely with the author or authors of the adaptation and are not endorsed by The World Bank. Third-party content—The World Bank does not necessarily own each component of the content contained within the work. The World Bank therefore does not warrant that the use of any third-party-owned individual component or part contained in the work will not infringe on the rights of those third parties. The risk of claims resulting from such infringement rests solely with you. If you wish to re-use a component of the work, it is your responsibility to determine whether permission is needed for that re-use and to obtain permission from the copyright owner. Examples of components can include, but are not limited to, tables, figures, or images. All queries on rights and licenses should be addressed to the Publishing and Knowledge Division, The World Bank, 1818 H Street NW, Washington, DC 20433, USA; fax: 202-522-2625; e-mail: pubrights@worldbank.org. ISBN (paper): 978-1-4648-0177-8 ISBN (electronic): 978-1-4648-0178-5 DOI: 10.1596/978-1-4648-0177-8 Design by Communications Development Incorporated, Washington, D.C.

Contents Acknowledgments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . iv Preface. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .v Data notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . vi

Regional tables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 World . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 East Asia and Pacific . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Europe and Central Asia. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Latin America and the Caribbean . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Middle East and North Africa . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 South Asia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Sub-Saharan Africa . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8

Income group tables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Low income. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Middle income. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 Lower middle income . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Upper middle income . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Low and middle income . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 High income . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Euro area . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16

Country tables (in alphabetical order) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17

Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 232

Glossary. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 233

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2014

iii

Acknowledgments The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2014 is a joint publication between the World Bank and the International Telecommunication Union (ITU). For the World Bank team, the work was the result of close collaboration between the staff of the Development Data Group of the Development Economics Vice Presidency and the Transport, Water, and Information Communication Technologies Sector Unit of the World Bank. The Development Data Group team included Azita Amjadi, Federico Escaler, Buyant Erdene Khaltarkhuu, Leila Rafei, Jomo Tariku, and William Prince. The Information and Communication Technologies team included Tim Kelly and Kaoru Kimura. The work was carried out under the management of Haishan Fu and Jose Luis Irigoyen. Nora Ridolfi, Paola Scalabrin, and Janice Tuten from World Bank’s Publishing and Knowledge Division oversaw publication and dissemination of the book. The ITU contribution was provided by the ICT Data and Statistics Division of the Telecommunication Development Bureau. The team included Susan Teltscher (Head of Division), Vanessa Gray, Esperanza Magpantay, and Ivan Vallejo. Regulatory data were provided by the Regulatory and Market Environment Division of the Telecommunication Development Bureau. The team included Makhtar Fall (Head of Division), Nancy Sundberg, and Youlia Lozanova. The World Bank and ITU acknowledge the data provided by other sources: IMF, Netcraft, OECD, UNCTAD, UNDESA/UNPAN, UNESCO, UNPD, and UNSD.

iv

2014

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology

Preface Since the late 1990s access to information and communication technologies (ICTs) has seen tremendous growth—driven primarily by the wireless technologies and liberalization of telecommunications markets. Mobile communications have evolved from simple voice and text services to diversified innovative applications and mobile broadband Internet. By the end of 2013, there were an estimated 6.8 billion mobile-cellular subscriptions globally. The number of individuals using the Internet has risen constantly and reached an estimated 2.7 billion while the number of fixed (wired)- broadband subscriptions reached almost 700 million at the end of 2013. The impacts of ICTs cross all sectors. Research has shown that investment in information and communication technologies is associated with such economic benefits as higher productivity, lower costs, new economic opportunities, job creation, innovation, and increased trade. ICTs also help provide better services in health and education, and strengthen social cohesion. The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2014 illustrates the progress of this revolution for 214 economies around the world. It provides comparable statistics on the sector for 2005 and 2012 across a range of indicators, enabling readers to readily compare economies. This book includes indicators covering the economic and social context, the structure of the information and communication technology sector, sector efficiency and capacity, and sector performance related to access, usage, quality, affordability, trade, and applications. The glossary contains definitions of the terms used in the tables. For more information and other World Bank data publications, visit our data Web site at data.worldbank.org or the Web site of the Information and Communication Technologies Department at www.worldbank.org/ict. For more statistics on information and communication technology infrastructure, access and usage, as well as analytical reports such as the annual Measuring the Information Society report, visit ITU’s Web site at www.itu.int/en/ITU-D/Statistics/Pages/default.aspx and the ITU ICT Eye at www.itu.int/icteye.

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2014

v

Data notes The data in this book are for 2005 and 2012 or the most recent year unless otherwise noted in the table or the glossary. • Growth rates are proportional changes from the previous year unless otherwise noted. • Regional aggregates include data for low- and middle-income economies only. • Figures in italics indicate data for years or periods other than those specified. Symbols used: ..

indicates that data are not available or that aggregates cannot be calculated because of missing data.

0 or 0.0

indicates zero or small enough that the number would round to zero at the displayed number of decimal places.

$

indicates current U.S. dollars.

Lettered notes on some country tables can be found in the notes on page 232. Data are shown for economies with populations greater than 30,000 or for smaller economies if they are members of the World Bank or the ITU. The term country (used interchangeably with economy) does not imply political independence or official recognition by the World Bank or the ITU but refers to any economy for which the authorities report separate social or economic statistics. Aggregates for groups of economies are based on the World Bank’s regional and income classifications. Because of missing data, aggregates should be treated as approximations of unknown totals or average values. The aggregation method for each indicator is noted in the glossary. Sums (s) are simple totals of available data. Weighted averages (w) are calculated using the value of the denominator or, in some cases, another indicator as the weight. Median (m) calculations are based on available data and exclude economies with populations below 1 million. For more information about aggregation methods visit datahelpdesk.worldbank.org. The cutoff date for data is March 1, 2014.

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The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology

Regional tables The country composition of regions is based on the World Bank’s analytical regions and may differ from common geographic usage. These regions include low- and middle-income economies only. East Asia and Pacific American Samoa, Cambodia, China, Fiji, Indonesia, Kiribati, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Malaysia, Marshall Islands, Federated States of Micronesia, Mongolia, Myanmar, Palau, Papua New Guinea, the Philippines, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Thailand, Timor-Leste, Tonga, Tuvalu, Vanuatu, Vietnam Europe and Central Asia Albania, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Georgia, Hungary, Kazakhstan, Kosovo, Kyrgyz Republic, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Moldova, Montenegro, Romania, Serbia, Tajikistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan Latin America and the Caribbean Argentina, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Grenada, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and the Grenadines, Suriname, República Bolivariana de Venezuela Middle East and North Africa Algeria, Djibouti, Arab Republic of Egypt, Islamic Republic of Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, Syrian Arab Republic, Tunisia, West Bank and Gaza, Republic of Yemen South Asia Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka Sub-Saharan Africa Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cabo Verde, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros, Democratic Republic of Congo, Republic of Congo, Côte d’Ivoire, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, The Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, São Tomé and Príncipe, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Africa, South Sudan, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2014

1

World 2005 2012 Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%) Sector structure Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) International gateway(s) Mobile telephone service Internet service Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

2

2014

6,491 7,044 49 53 7,208 10,181 2.9 2.1 82 84 67 71  

 

  3.0 17.9

  2.6 17.7

 

 

19.4 33.9 3.4 27.6 18.9

16.7 89.3 9.2 40.3 37.4

.. .. 15.8

7.1 .. 35.5

67 93 49.7 93.3 4,848 41,190 .. .. ..

10.4 14.6 23.2

13.6 13.8 28.6

10.4 11.2 31.7

0.45 64.9

0.41 160.4

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology

East Asia & Pacific 2005 2012 Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

1,893 42 1,614 8.4 91 67

1,992 50 4,884 9.1 94 71

3.2 23.5

2.2 20.0

20.9 28.1 2.0 20.4 9.0

17.0 88.9 9.7 34.9 30.9

1.3 132 8.3

0.5 386 36.2

93 45.9 975

99 96.8 5,993

.. .. ..

5.2 7.7 22.5

29.6 24.4 24.1

24.3 18.3 32.9

0.29 0.8

0.22 5.6

Sector structure Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) International gateway(s) Mobile telephone service Internet service Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2014

3

Europe & Central Asia 2005 2012 Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%) Sector structure Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) International gateway(s) Mobile telephone service Internet service Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

4

2014

260 58 3,491 5.8 97 77

271 60 6,664 3.1 98 80

 

 

  3.5 23.0

  2.4 19.6

 

 

22.1 49.6 1.2 14.7 6.8

21.4 108.5 10.1 44.8 41.4

.. .. 12.0

.. 95 43.3

92 99 30.7 92.2 2,797 42,572 .. .. ..

3.7 12.5 12.1

7.6 8.0 10.5

5.3 6.7 16.6

0.46 7.8

0.46 42.0

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology

Latin America & Caribbean 2005 2012 Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%) Sector structure Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) International gateway(s) Mobile telephone service Internet service Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2014

536 77 4,368 2.5 90 81

581 79 9,070 3.6 91 83

 

 

  3.3 20.3

  3.0 16.2

 

 

17.3 42.1 1.4 16.8 9.4

17.8 108.1 8.0 38.7 33.1

.. 43 16.0

.. 93 42.7

89 99 53.8 89.3 1,156 28,238 .. .. ..

7.9 14.9 20.4

8.5 13.7 ..

8.4 12.6 ..

0.47 9.8

0.43 36.4

5

Middle East & North Africa 2005 2012 Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%) Sector structure Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) International gateway(s) Mobile telephone service Internet service Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

6

2014

301 58 1,996 4.5 68 68

340 60 3,450 4.2 77 72

 

 

  3.2 21.7

  2.7 15.6

 

 

14.4 22.4 0.4 15.4 8.9

16.1 95.1 2.9 34.7 27.9

8.5 .. 8.5

6.1 .. 30.7

79 .. 645

97 53.8 7,114

.. .. ..

4.5 10.9 14.4

0.7 5.2 ..

0.8 4.1 ..

0.35 0.6

0.34 3.5

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology

South Asia 2005 2012 Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%) Sector structure Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) International gateway(s) Mobile telephone service Internet service Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2014

1,499 29 700 6.3 58 56

1,649 31 1,437 7.1 62 62

 

 

  2.4 37.8

  2.3 36.3

 

 

4.0 7.8 0.1 2.0 1.4

2.6 68.9 1.1 10.3 8.6

5.3 .. 2.5

6.0 .. 11.6

37 14.9 560

85 56.9 5,284

.. .. ..

3.0 3.5 7.0

1.0 7.6 61.6

1.7 5.0 62.0

0.31 0.5

0.36 3.3

7

Sub-Saharan Africa 2005 2012 Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%) Sector structure Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) International gateway(s) Mobile telephone service Internet service Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

8

2014

757 34 763 4.6 57 52

911 37 1,350 4.7 60 58

 

 

  4.7 ..

  3.8 23.8

 

 

1.5 12.0 0.0 3.6 1.1

1.2 59.3 0.2 8.1 8.0

.. .. 2.1

5.1 302 14.8

51 .. 232

84 39.8 6,430

.. .. ..

10.5 14.6 46.6

0.6 7.6 12.5

0.5 5.8 14.4

0.25 2.1

0.27 6.8

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology

Income group tables For operational and analytical purposes the World Bank’s main criterion for classifying economies is gross national income (GNI) per capita. Every economy in The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology is classified as low income, middle income, or high income. Low- and middleincome economies are sometimes referred to as developing economies. The use of the term is convenient; it is not intended to imply that all economies in the group are experiencing similar development or that other economies have reached a preferred or final stage of development. Classification by income does not necessarily reflect development status. Note: Classifications are fixed during the World Bank’s fiscal year (ending on June 30), thus countries remain in the categories in which they are classified irrespective of any revisions to their per capita income data. Low-income economies are those with a GNI per capita of $1,035 or less in 2012. Middle-income economies are those with a GNI per capita of more than $1,035 but less than $12,616. Lower-middle-income and upper-middle income economies are separated at a GNI per capita of $4,085. High-income economies are those with a GNI per capita of $12,616 or more. Euro area includes the member states of the Economic and Monetary Union of the European Union that have adopted the euro as their currency: Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Portugal, Slovak Republic, Slovenia, and Spain.

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2014

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Low income 2005 2012 Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%) Sector structure Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) International gateway(s) Mobile telephone service Internet service Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

10

2014

727 26 330 4.8 57 51

846 28 590 5.9 61 60

 

 

  2.5 ..

  5.0 ..

 

 

0.9 4.6 0.0 1.0 0.3

1.0 47.2 0.2 4.2 3.4

.. .. 0.9

.. 70 6.2

51 4.5 208

.. 30.9 9,141

.. .. ..

8.9 11.9 46.9

0.2 4.8 ..

.. .. ..

0.22 0.1

0.20 1.1

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology

Middle income 2005 2012 Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%) Sector structure Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) International gateway(s) Mobile telephone service Internet service Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2014

4,518 45 1,835 5.5 80 65

4,898 50 4,370 6.1 83 69

 

 

  3.3 22.1

  2.5 20.0

 

 

14.3 24.9 1.2 14.9 7.1

12.3 87.7 6.0 29.3 25.7

3.9 .. 7.7

4.0 .. 29.9

86 92 42.2 91.8 1,084 12,511 .. .. ..

6.9 13.1 18.3

17.9 16.5 26.0

15.2 13.1 35.2

0.42 2.4

0.37 11.3

11

Lower middle income 2005 2012 Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%) Sector structure Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) International gateway(s) Mobile telephone service Internet service Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

12

2014

2,253 36 876 5.7 68 60

2,507 39 1,893 6.0 71 64

 

 

  3.1 23.6

  2.5 20.5

 

 

5.2 13.7 0.1 3.5 2.4

5.4 83.1 1.4 15.0 12.4

6.9 .. 4.0

6.5 .. 18.7

50 10.7 514

86 58.2 8,076

.. .. ..

4.9 10.5 20.6

7.4 9.7 36.8

4.6 7.2 47.1

0.35 0.7

0.32 4.4

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology

Upper middle income 2005 2012 Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%) Sector structure Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) International gateway(s) Mobile telephone service Internet service Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2014

2,265 54 2,788 5.4 91 72

2,391 61 6,969 6.2 94 76

 

 

  3.3 20.5

  2.5 18.2

 

 

23.0 36.1 2.3 22.0 10.2

19.4 92.4 10.8 40.6 36.3

2.6 98 11.3

1.3 284 41.6

94 99 49.7 95.5 1,283 14,580 .. .. ..

9.4 14.9 17.8

20.0 18.5 20.8

17.6 14.7 29.1

0.47 4.1

0.42 18.5

13

Low and middle income 2005 2012 Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%) Sector structure Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) International gateway(s) Mobile telephone service Internet service Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

14

2014

5,245 42 1,626 5.5 78 63

5,744 46 3,815 6.1 80 67

 

 

  3.3 25.8

  2.5 21.3

 

 

12.5 22.2 1.0 13.7 6.4

10.6 81.7 5.3 26.4 23.2

.. .. 6.8

4.3 .. 26.5

84 91 42.0 91.1 1,070 12,402 .. .. ..

7.2 12.6 20.6

17.6 16.3 25.8

15.1 12.9 34.9

0.35 2.2

0.33 9.8

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology

High income 2005 2012 Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

1,246 1,300 78 80 30,693 38,412 2.3 1.0 .. .. 90 93

Sector structure Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) International gateway(s) Mobile telephone service Internet service Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2014

 

 

  3.0 14.4

  2.7 17.6

 

 

48.1 83.4 13.5 60.1 49.5

43.6 122.9 26.2 77.7 75.5

.. .. 53.8

.. 114 75.4

98 100 37.9 95.9 7,041 85,990 .. .. ..

25.2 20.6 29.2

12.3 13.1 29.3

8.9 10.8 30.8

0.66 313.4

0.67 827.6

15

Euro area 2005 2012 Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%) Sector structure Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) International gateway(s) Mobile telephone service Internet service Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

16

2014

327 333 74 76 31,548 38,030 1.5 0.4 .. 99 92 94  

 

  2.8 12.1

  1.9 16.5

 

 

51.5 97.5 13.2 58.2 46.4

48.4 120.3 29.7 79.2 76.5

.. 84 51.4

.. 117 75.9

99 99 58.6 97.6 9,606 100,322 .. .. ..

27.8 25.2 31.3

8.2 10.1 30.0

4.8 6.9 35.8

0.70 144.1

0.66 662.3

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology

Country tables Cabo Verde Cabo Verde is the new name for the country previously listed as Cape Verde. China Data for China do not include data for Hong Kong SAR, China; Macao SAR, China; or Taiwan, China. Cyprus GNI and GDP data and data calculated using GNI and GDP refer to the area controlled by the government of the Republic of Cyprus. Georgia GNI, GDP, and population data and data calculated using GNI, GDP, and population exclude Abkhazia and South Ossetia. Kosovo, Montenegro, and Serbia Montenegro declared independence from Serbia and Montenegro on June 3, 2006. Where available, data for each country are shown separately. However, some indicators for Serbia prior to 2006 include data for Montenegro. Moreover, data for most indicators for Serbia from 1999 onward exclude data for Kosovo, which in 1999 became a territory under international administration pursuant to UN Security Council Resolution 1244 (1999). Kosovo became a member of the World Bank on June 29, 2009, and its data are shown where available. Moldova GNI, GDP, and population data and data calculated using GNI, GDP, and population exclude Transnistria. Morocco GNI and GDP data and data calculated using GNI and GDP include Former Spanish Sahara. South Sudan and Sudan South Sudan declared its independence on July 9, 2011. Data are shown separately for South Sudan where available. However, data reported for Sudan include South Sudan unless otherwise noted. Tanzania GNI and GDP data and data calculated using GNI and GDP refer to mainland Tanzania only. For more information, see World Development Indicators 2014 or data.worldbank.org.

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2014

17

Afghanistan South Asia

Low income Lowincome group 2012 2012

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

25 22 250 6.2 .. 53

30 24 680 10.5 .. 62

846 28 590 5.9 61 60

   Sector structure Yes Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Public Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) P International gateway(s) P Mobile telephone service P Internet service A Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) .. Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)

    Yes Public

   6.0 37.8

    .. ..

  5.0 ..

  

   

 

0.2 4.8 0.0 0.8 0.8

0.0 60.4 0.0 2.3a 1.9a

1.0 47.2 0.2 4.2 3.4

.. 28.8 1.2

.. .. 5.5a

.. 70.1 6.2

Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

18

2014

 

P P P A C

72 18.3 13

85 50.0 1,229

.. 30.9 9,141

.. .. ..

1.9 9.7 53.5

8.9 11.9 46.9

.. .. ..

.. 0.2 51.6

.. .. ..

0.20 0.0

0.24 1.0

0.20 1.1

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology

Albania Europe & Central Asia

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2012 2012

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

3 47 2,540 5.3 99 66

3 54 4,030 4.4 97 ..

   Sector structure Yes Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Public Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) P International gateway(s) P Mobile telephone service C Internet service R Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) No Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)

    Yes Mixed

   6.1 11.2

    4.3 28.4

  

   

Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

2,391 61 6,969 6.2 94 76

P P C R A

2.5 18.2

8.7 47.9 0.0 7.0 5.0

9.9 110.7 5.1 20.0a 20.5a

19.4 92.4 10.8 40.6 36.3

41.0 21.5 6.0

21.1 .. 54.7a

1.3 284.4 41.6

91 25.0 62

99 99 91.8 95.5 17,358 14,580

.. .. ..

7.5 25.9 11.9

9.4 14.9 17.8

0.6 3.8 10.3

0.4 3.0 10.9

17.6 14.7 29.1

0.47 0.3

0.42 16.1

0.42 18.5

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2014

19

Algeria Middle East & North Africa

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2012 2012

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

34 67 2,660 5.6 73 69

38 74 5,020 2.6 .. 79

2,391 61 6,969 6.2 94 76

   Sector structure Yes Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Public Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) P International gateway(s) P Mobile telephone service C Internet service .. Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) A Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)

    Yes Public

   3.7 36.0

    2.9 ..

  2.5 18.2

  

   

 

8.3 97.9 2.9 24.2a 19.4a

19.4 92.4 10.8 40.6 36.3

Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

20

2014

7.6 40.2 0.4 7.1 1.2

 

P P C .. A

8.1 12.4 5.8

6.8 1.3 191.1 284.4 15.2a 41.6

42 71.1 79

.. 99 .. 95.5 7,679 14,580

.. .. ..

6.4 14.1 14.1

9.4 14.9 17.8

0.0 7.9 29.2

0.0 4.0 59.4

17.6 14.7 29.1

0.35 0.1

0.25 1.5

0.42 18.5

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology

American Samoa East Asia & Pacific

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2012 2012

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

0.06 91 .. .. .. ..

0.06 93 .. .. .. ..

2,391 61 6,969 6.2 94 76

Sector structure Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) International gateway(s) Mobile telephone service Internet service Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)

   .. ..

    .. ..

 

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)

   .. ..

    .. ..

  2.5 18.2

Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

  

   

 

17.6 3.8 .. .. ..

18.1 .. .. .. ..

19.4 92.4 10.8 40.6 36.3

.. .. ..

.. .. ..

1.3 284.4 41.6

.. .. ..

.. 99 .. 95.5 .. 14,580

.. .. ..

.. .. ..

9.4 14.9 17.8

.. .. ..

.. .. ..

17.6 14.7 29.1

.. 69.1

.. 36.4

0.42 18.5

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2014

21

Andorra High income

2005

Highincome group 2012 2012

0.08 90 31,310 7.1 .. ..

0.08 1,300 87 80 43,110 38,412 .. 1.0 .. .. .. 93

Country data

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

   Sector structure No Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Public Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) .. International gateway(s) M Mobile telephone service .. Internet service No Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) .. Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)

    No Public

   3.9 ..

    3.6 ..

  2.7 17.6

  

   

 

Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

22

2014

 

M M M A ..

43.6 79.5 12.7 .. ..

48.9 81.5 34.3 .. ..

43.6 122.9 26.2 77.7 75.5

112.6 65.4 37.6

80.2 53.6 86.4a

.. 113.6 75.4

91 60.7 13,750

99 100 99.4 95.9 38,388 85,990

.. .. ..

.. .. ..

25.2 20.6 29.2

18.8 14.0 ..

.. .. ..

8.9 10.8 30.8

0.52 418.6

0.31 645.6

0.67 827.6

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology

Angola Sub-Saharan Africa

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2012 2012

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

17 54

1,270 10.1 67 ..

21 60 4,580 9.4 70 73

2,391 61 6,969 6.2 94 76

   Sector structure Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Yes Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Public Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) International gateway(s) C Mobile telephone service P Internet service C Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) R Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) No

    Yes Public

   2.2 25.3

    .. ..

  2.5 18.2

  

   

 

0.6 9.7 0.0 4.0 1.4a

1.5 47.1 0.2 8.5a 7.2a

19.4 92.4 10.8 40.6 36.3

.. .. 1.1

.. 1.3 .. 284.4 16.9a 41.6

40

.. 99 6.3 95.5 567 14,580

Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

0.0 359

.. .. ..

.. .. 9.3

0.33 0.3

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2014

 

M C C R C

16.9 20.0 53.2

9.4 14.9 17.8

.. .. 4.5

17.6 14.7 29.1

0.33 3.9

0.42 18.5

23

Antigua and Barbuda High income

2005

Highincome group 2012 2012

0.08 31 12,000 3.9 99 ..

0.09 1,300 30 80 12,480 38,412 –1.7 1.0 99 .. 82 93

Country data

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

   Sector structure No Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Public Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) M International gateway(s) C Mobile telephone service C Internet service A Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) B Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)

    No Public

Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)

   .. ..

    .. ..

  2.7 17.6

Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

  

   

 

24

2014

44.2 104.2 1.0a .. .. .. .. 27.0a 100 8.8 24,896

 

P P P A A

37.2 43.6 143.0 122.9 4.6 26.2 56.1a 77.7 48.2a 75.5 19.0 138.9 59.0a

.. 113.6 75.4

100 100 91.6 95.9 97,620 85,990

.. .. ..

12.8 25.3 54.9

25.2 20.6 29.2

4.6 3.9 9.6

11.6 5.5 6.5

8.9 10.8 30.8

0.45 859.9

0.31 688.9

0.67 827.6

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology

Argentina Latin America & Caribbean

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2012 2012

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

39 91 4,480 2.2 97 89

41 93 .. 6.3 98 97

Sector structure Yes Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Private Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) .. International gateway(s) C Mobile telephone service C Internet service A Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) A Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

2,391 61 6,969 6.2 94 76

Yes Private .. C C R A

3.1 ..

2.9 15.3

2.5 18.2

24.4 57.3 2.4 32.0 13.3a

23.5 151.9 10.9 56.0a 47.5a

19.4 92.4 10.8 40.6 36.3

.. .. 17.7

.. 1.3 19.6 284.4 55.8a 41.6

94 38.3 1,788

.. 99 92.2 95.5 21,983 14,580

.. .. ..

4.5 39.4 24.3

9.4 14.9 17.8

0.2 11.6 31.1

0.1 8.3 46.0

17.6 14.7 29.1

0.58 10.8

0.53 42.9

0.42 18.5

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2014

25

Armenia Europe & Central Asia

Lower middle income Lower middleincome Country data group 2005 2012 2012

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

3 64 1,500 12.3 99 73

Sector structure No Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Mixed Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) .. International gateway(s) P Mobile telephone service C Internet service A Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) C Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

26

2014

3 64 3,720 2.8 100 78

2,507 39 1,893 6.0 71 64

Yes Mixed .. P C A A

3.0 23.6

4.2 19.7

2.5 20.5

19.7 10.5 0.1 5.5a 2.9a

19.7 111.9 6.7 34.0a 25.4a

5.4 83.1 1.4 15.0 12.4

.. 58.0 5.3

20.5 171.7 39.2a

6.5 .. 18.7

85 1.1 459

100 95.5 40,373

86 58.2 8,076

.. .. ..

3.0 8.8 12.1

4.9 10.5 20.6

0.3 3.6 14.3

1.3 3.7 13.5

4.6 7.2 47.1

0.42 1.3

0.33 40.3

0.32 4.4

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology

Aruba High income

2005

Highincome group 2012 2012

0.10 47 .. 2.0 97 84

0.10 1,300 47 80 .. 38,412 –3.9 1.0 97 .. 84 93

Country data

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%) Sector structure Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) International gateway(s) Mobile telephone service Internet service Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

.. ..

.. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

53.0 1.2

5.6 15.8

35.2a 43.6 131.9a 122.9 18.9 26.2 73.1a 77.7 69.6a 75.5

38.2 103.4 12.3 45.0 36.7 .. .. 25.4a 90 100.0 7,084

2.7 17.6

.. .. 74.0a

.. 113.6 75.4

99 100 100.0 95.9 67,578 85,990

.. .. ..

.. .. ..

25.2 20.6 29.2

.. .. 10.2

0.7 4.4 13.9

8.9 10.8 30.8

.. 289.9

.. 281.6

0.67 827.6

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2014

27

Australia High income

2005

Highincome group 2012 2012

20 88 30,280 3.4 .. 112

23 1,300 89 80 59,260 38,412 2.8 1.0 .. .. 112 93

Country data

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

Sector structure Yes Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Mixed Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) C International gateway(s) C Mobile telephone service C Internet service A Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) A Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

28

2014

Yes Mixed C C C A A

3.8 16.7

2.9 20.5

49.3 89.8 9.8 67.0 56.0

45.4 105.6 24.3 85.2a 81.4a

43.6 122.9 26.2 77.7 75.5

.. .. 63.0

.. .. 82.3a

.. 113.6 75.4

98 33.7 7,794

2.7 17.6

99 100 92.9 95.9 69,066 85,990

.. .. ..

33.0 20.3 61.9

25.2 20.6 29.2

1.7 11.8 16.0

0.9 8.9 18.6

8.9 10.8 30.8

0.81 0.86 498.1 1,265.3

0.67 827.6

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology

Austria High income

2005

Highincome group 2012 2012

8 67 37,210 1.7 .. 88

8 1,300 68 80 47,850 38,412 1.1 1.0 .. .. 94 93

Country data

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

Sector structure Yes Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Mixed Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) C International gateway(s) C Mobile telephone service C Internet service A Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) A Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

Yes Mixed C C C A A

2.4 12.7

1.4 12.5

2.7 17.6

45.4 105.2 14.2 63.1 46.7

39.7 160.5 25.0 81.0 79.0

43.6 122.9 26.2 77.7 75.5

16.1 107.5 58.0

.. 140.0 81.0

.. 113.6 75.4

99 99 100 66.3 85.4 95.9 11,430 108,084 85,990 .. .. ..

27.8 14.7 41.6

25.2 20.6 29.2

5.5 7.7 24.8

3.9 5.1 30.7

8.9 10.8 30.8

0.74 231.7

0.75 1,079.2

0.67 827.6

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2014

29

Azerbaijan Europe & Central Asia

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2012 2012

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

8 52 1,270 12.7 100 72

Sector structure No Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Public Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) M International gateway(s) P Mobile telephone service C Internet service R Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) No Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

30

2014

9 54 6,220 10.8 100 71

2,391 61 6,969 6.2 94 76

No Public M P C R A

3.6 6.8

2.5 24.7

2.5 18.2

12.8 26.2 0.0 7.3 6.3

18.5 108.8 14.1 45.0a 46.8a

19.4 92.4 10.8 40.6 36.3

7.6 3.1 8.0

6.4 1.3 179.7 284.4 54.2a 41.6

99 3.0 436

100 99 77.3 95.5 40,591 14,580

.. .. ..

2.5 10.4 12.7

9.4 14.9 17.8

0.0 4.6 38.8

0.0 3.3 15.0

17.6 14.7 29.1

0.46 0.5

0.37 8.6

0.42 18.5

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology

Bahamas, The High income

2005

Highincome group 2012 2012

0.33 83 23,680 1.3 .. ..

0.37 1,300 84 80 20,600 38,412 –0.3 1.0 .. .. .. 93

Country data

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

Sector structure Yes Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Public Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) M International gateway(s) M Mobile telephone service C Internet service A Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) C Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

.. ..

Yes Mixed C M C A A

.. ..

2.7 17.6

40.4 69.2 4.1 .. ..

36.3 43.6 80.7a 122.9 4.2a 26.2 .. 77.7 .. 75.5

.. .. 25.0a

.. .. 71.7a

95 49.2 1,094

.. 113.6 75.4

100 100 100.0 95.9 3,747 85,990

.. .. ..

16.3 17.5 30.0

25.2 20.6 29.2

0.3 3.2 ..

0.2 3.9 ..

8.9 10.8 30.8

0.49 148.9

0.47 267.9

0.67 827.6

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2014

31

Bahrain High income

2005

Highincome group 2012 2012

0.88 88 16,730 6.1 87 ..

1 1,300 89 80 19,560 38,412 4.8 1.0 95 .. .. 93

Country data

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

Sector structure Yes Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Mixed Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) C International gateway(s) P Mobile telephone service C Internet service A Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) C Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

32

2014

Yes Mixed C P C A A

3.9 14.9

3.6 13.0

2.7 17.6

22.0 87.2 2.4 44.0 32.0

22.7 161.2 13.2 92.7 79.0

43.6 122.9 26.2 77.7 75.5

.. 117.3 21.3

100.6 227.6 88.0

.. 113.6 75.4

100 42.6 2,183

100 100 100.0 95.9 18,108 85,990

.. .. ..

4.8 15.0 26.6

25.2 20.6 29.2

0.1 2.1 25.1

0.6 3.3 22.8

8.9 10.8 30.8

0.57 39.8

0.86 141.9

0.67 827.6

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology

Bangladesh South Asia

Low income Lowincome group 2012 2012

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

143 26 470 5.4 47 51

Sector structure Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Yes Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Public Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) International gateway(s) M Mobile telephone service C Internet service C Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) A Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) B Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

155 29 840 6.2 58 59

846 28 590 5.9 61 60

Yes Public P C C A A

1.5 ..

7.5 8.8

5.0 ..

0.7 6.3 0.0 1.4 0.2

0.6 62.8 0.4 4.8a 3.2a

1.0 47.2 0.2 4.2 3.4

.. .. 0.2a

21.3 96.2 6.3a

.. 70.1 6.2

80 0.0 173

99 25.8 3,032

.. 30.9 9,141

.. .. ..

2.6 1.6 4.7

8.9 11.9 46.9

0.1 6.2 18.2

.. .. 26.7

.. .. ..

0.29 0.0

0.44 0.8

0.20 1.1

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2014

33

Barbados High income

2005

Highincome group 2012 2012

0.27 41 13,640 1.2 .. 94

0.28 1,300 45 80 15,080 38,412 0.1 1.0 .. .. 96 93

Country data

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

Sector structure Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Yes Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Mixed Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) International gateway(s) P Mobile telephone service C Internet service C Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) A Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) No Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

34

2014

4.6 14.0

49.3 75.4 11.7 42.6a 37.2a .. .. 52.5a 100 71.2 3,481

Yes Mixed .. P .. R A

.. ..

2.7 17.6

50.8 43.6 122.5a 122.9 23.1a 26.2 69.2a 77.7 62.9a 75.5 .. .. 73.3a

.. 113.6 75.4

99 100 94.0 95.9 67,410 85,990

.. .. ..

22.0 24.6 45.2

25.2 20.6 29.2

4.9 7.8 15.3

0.8 4.4 25.9

8.9 10.8 30.8

0.57 204.7

0.37 340.4

0.67 827.6

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology

Belarus Europe & Central Asia

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2012 2012

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

10 72 2,810 7.6 .. ..

9 75 6,530 6.1 100 100

Sector structure No Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Public Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) M International gateway(s) P Mobile telephone service C Internet service R Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) B Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

2,391 61 6,969 6.2 94 76

No Public M C C R C

1.3 41.3

1.7 26.8

2.5 18.2

34.0 42.4 0.0 9.6 7.0

46.9 113.5 26.9 51.7 48.3

19.4 92.4 10.8 40.6 36.3

6.6 116.2 19.7

5.6 202.6 46.9

1.3 284.4 41.6

90 4.2 1,356

100 99 96.1 95.5 79,337 14,580

.. .. ..

1.4 8.4 11.9

9.4 14.9 17.8

1.0 2.4 15.0

0.6 2.4 18.0

17.6 14.7 29.1

0.52 0.5

0.41 26.4

0.42 18.5

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2014

35

Belgium High income

2005

Highincome group 2012 2012

10 97 36,610 1.6 .. 93

11 1,300 98 80 44,720 38,412 0.9 1.0 .. .. 95 93

Country data

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

Sector structure Yes Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Mixed Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) .. International gateway(s) P Mobile telephone service C Internet service A Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) A Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

36

2014

Yes Mixed C C C A A

3.0 11.6

1.6 20.4

2.7 17.6

45.6 91.4 19.1 57.0 50.2

41.9 111.3 33.3 80.0 78.0

43.6 122.9 26.2 77.7 75.5

.. 70.2 55.8a

.. 92.5 82.0

.. 113.6 75.4

99 100 100 88.1 99.7 95.9 20,038 180,389 85,990 .. .. ..

36.1 39.7 34.7

25.2 20.6 29.2

3.9 4.6 34.5

2.1 3.1 43.1

8.9 10.8 30.8

0.68 117.9

0.65 749.3

0.67 827.6

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology

Belize Latin America & Caribbean

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2012 2012

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

0.27 46 4,770 5.7 .. 79

0.32 45 4,490 2.8 .. 82

Sector structure Yes Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Mixed Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) .. International gateway(s) M Mobile telephone service M Internet service R Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) No Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

2,391 61 6,969 6.2 94 76

Yes Mixed C C C R C

5.7 23.8

4.8 19.4

2.5 18.2

12.4 35.3 1.8 .. ..

7.8 53.2 3.1 .. ..

19.4 92.4 10.8 40.6 36.3

.. 15.3 9.2

34.3 1.3 .. 284.4 25.0a 41.6

.. 73.5 5,390

.. 99 71.7 95.5 34,562 14,580

.. .. ..

19.2 31.3 50.0

9.4 14.9 17.8

0.0 5.9 12.3

0.5 3.6 11.0

17.6 14.7 29.1

0.41 275.8

0.40 177.7

0.42 18.5

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2014

37

Benin Sub-Saharan Africa

Low income Lowincome group 2012 2012

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

8 41 530 4.0 29 54

Sector structure Yes Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Public Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) .. International gateway(s) C Mobile telephone service .. Internet service .. Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) No Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

38

2014

1.4 35.0

10 46 750 3.8 .. 68

846 28 590 5.9 61 60

Yes Public P C P A B

6.3 32.2

5.0 ..

0.9 7.3 0.0 1.6a 0.0a

1.6 83.7 0.1 4.2a 2.4a

1.0 47.2 0.2 4.2 3.4

.. .. 1.3

6.4 30.9 3.8a

.. 70.1 6.2

43 2.9 452

99 11.9 3,249

.. 30.9 9,141

.. .. ..

13.4 14.4 53.0

8.9 11.9 46.9

0.0 2.9 20.1

0.0 1.3 21.1

.. .. ..

0.19 0.1

0.20 1.1

0.20 1.1

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology

Bermuda High income Highincome group 2012 2012

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

0.06 0.06 1,300 100 100 80 117,640 104,590 38,412 2.3 –1.2 1.0 .. .. .. 71 68 93

Sector structure Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) International gateway(s) Mobile telephone service Internet service Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

.. ..

.. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

3.9 11.3

.. ..

81.8 82.2 28.8 67.9 62.8a

2.7 17.6

105.8 43.6 139.5 122.9 61.7 26.2 97.2a 77.7 95.0a 75.5

.. 194.8 65.4

.. .. 91.3a

98 59.8 10,554

.. 113.6 75.4

.. 100 .. 95.9 .. 85,990

.. .. ..

.. .. ..

25.2 20.6 29.2

.. .. 37.2

6.6 3.6 40.4

8.9 10.8 30.8

.. 1,699.0

.. 5,015.0

0.67 827.6

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2014

39

Bhutan South Asia

Lower middle income Lower middleincome Country data group 2005 2012 2012

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

0.65 31 1,230 7.9 53 54

Sector structure Yes Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Public Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) M International gateway(s) M Mobile telephone service P Internet service R Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) B Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

40

2014

0.74 36 2,420 9.3 .. 69

2,507 39 1,893 6.0 71 64

Yes Public C C C R A

2.0 81.1

2.8 35.1

2.5 20.5

5.1 5.5 0.0 2.6 1.2

3.6 75.6 2.3 16.4 11.6

5.4 83.1 1.4 15.0 12.4

.. 56.1 3.8

21.3 44.6 25.4a

6.5 .. 18.7

5 0.0 240

100 98.1 3,286

86 58.2 8,076

.. .. ..

1.7 3.5 10.7

4.9 10.5 20.6

0.9 5.3 5.8

15.9 2.4 3.9

4.6 7.2 47.1

0.31 ..

0.35 9.3

0.32 4.4

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology

Bolivia Latin America & Caribbean

Lower middle income Lower middleincome Country data group 2005 2012 2012

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

9 64 1,000 3.1 91 79

Sector structure Yes Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Private Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) .. International gateway(s) C Mobile telephone service C Internet service R Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) B Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

10 67 2,220 4.7 91 ..

2,507 39 1,893 6.0 71 64

Yes Public .. C C No A

5.6 3.8

4.8 21.1

2.5 20.5

6.9 25.9 0.1 12.1 3.5

8.4 90.4 1.1 25.9a 10.0a

5.4 83.1 1.4 15.0 12.4

.. 20.8 5.2

5.8 33.4 34.2a

6.5 .. 18.7

46 18.1 814

95 81.1 5,176

86 58.2 8,076

.. .. ..

24.0 11.8 24.5

4.9 10.5 20.6

0.0 3.9 6.6

0.0 3.2 11.8

4.6 7.2 47.1

0.49 2.4

0.41 8.9

0.32 4.4

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2014

41

Bosnia and Herzegovina Europe & Central Asia

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2012 2012

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

4 45 2,940 5.0 97 ..

Sector structure Yes Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Public Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) .. International gateway(s) P Mobile telephone service C Internet service A Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) B Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

42

2014

4 49 4,750 2.1 98 ..

2,391 61 6,969 6.2 94 76

Yes Mixed .. P C A A

6.1 36.5

4.7 22.7

2.5 18.2

25.0 41.1 0.4 20.0 6.2a

23.1 87.6 10.6 39.8a 39.7a

19.4 92.4 10.8 40.6 36.3

.. 36.3 21.3

20.4 1.3 59.2 284.4 65.4a 41.6

97 7.6 187

100 99 83.3 95.5 23,945 14,580

.. .. ..

10.4 15.4 8.3

9.4 14.9 17.8

0.3 4.2 18.1

0.2 2.7 5.5

17.6 14.7 29.1

0.45 3.4

0.37 24.0

0.42 18.5

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology

Botswana Sub-Saharan Africa

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2012 2012

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

2 57 4,730 3.9 81 71

Sector structure Yes Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Public Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) M International gateway(s) C Mobile telephone service C Internet service A Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) B Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

2 62 7,650 3.7 85 ..

2,391 61 6,969 6.2 94 76

Yes Public P P C A A

3.2 48.9

4.2 14.4

2.5 18.2

7.3 30.1 0.1 6.5a 0.1a

8.0 153.8 0.9 12.3a 9.1a

19.4 92.4 10.8 40.6 36.3

.. 45.5 3.3a

.. 1.3 56.4 284.4 11.5a 41.6

99 .. 490

96 99 100.0 95.5 6,509 14,580

.. .. ..

17.9 13.0 57.3

9.4 14.9 17.8

0.2 4.7 12.8

0.2 2.4 40.9

17.6 14.7 29.1

0.36 1.6

0.36 10.4

0.42 18.5

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2014

43

Brazil Latin America & Caribbean

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2012 2012

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

186 83 3,960 2.8 90 ..

Sector structure Yes Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Private Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) .. International gateway(s) C Mobile telephone service C Internet service A Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) A Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

44

2014

199 85 11,630 3.8 90 ..

2,391 61 6,969 6.2 94 76

Yes Private C C C A A

4.1 17.4

2.9 13.1

2.5 18.2

21.4 46.3 1.7 18.5 13.6

22.3 125.0 9.2 49.9a 45.4a

19.4 92.4 10.8 40.6 36.3

.. 30.9 21.0

0.2 1.3 56.9 284.4 49.8a 41.6

88 74.1 716

100 99 81.4 95.5 44,837 14,580

.. .. ..

29.8 60.2 17.8

9.4 14.9 17.8

3.1 12.1 43.0

0.5 8.8 55.7

17.6 14.7 29.1

0.57 14.2

0.67 57.4

0.42 18.5

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology

Brunei Darussalam High income

2005

Highincome group 2012 2012

0.37 74 22,920 2.2 93 81

0.41 1,300 76 80 31,590 38,412 0.6 1.0 95 .. 81 93

Country data

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

Sector structure Yes Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Public Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) P International gateway(s) M Mobile telephone service P Internet service R Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) A Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

Yes Public P M P R A

.. ..

.. ..

22.8 63.3 2.2 55.0 50.0

17.2 43.6 113.9 122.9 4.8 26.2 86.9a 77.7 72.4a 75.5

.. .. 36.5 .. 45.2 4,138

2.7 17.6

.. .. 60.3a

.. 113.6 75.4

.. 100 84.5 95.9 39,925 85,990

.. .. ..

12.5 20.8 51.7

25.2 20.6 29.2

0.1 6.1 17.0

0.3 4.1 21.4

8.9 10.8 30.8

0.47 13.6

0.59 117.2

0.67 827.6

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2014

45

Bulgaria Europe & Central Asia

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2012 2012

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

8 70 3,640 5.5 98 77

Sector structure Yes Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Mixed Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) .. International gateway(s) P Mobile telephone service C Internet service A Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) No Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

46

2014

7 74 6,840 1.8 98 82

2,391 61 6,969 6.2 94 76

Yes Mixed P P C A A

6.0 34.5

3.0 23.9

2.5 18.2

32.4 81.3 2.2 17.9a 13.3a

29.3 148.1 17.9 52.0 51.0

19.4 92.4 10.8 40.6 36.3

5.9 37.8 20.0

6.8 122.8 55.1

1.3 284.4 41.6

100 80.0 888

100 99 100.0 95.5 85,424 14,580

.. .. ..

11.9 34.8 10.5

9.4 14.9 17.8

1.5 5.5 12.5

2.0 6.2 22.8

17.6 14.7 29.1

0.57 8.7

0.49 146.8

0.42 18.5

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology

Burkina Faso Sub-Saharan Africa

Low income Lowincome group 2012 2012

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

13 22 410 6.4 24 29

Sector structure Yes Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Public Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) M International gateway(s) C Mobile telephone service C Internet service R Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) B Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

3.5 55.8

0.7 4.7 0.0 1.4 0.0a .. 27.7 0.5

16 27 670 5.5 .. 45

846 28 590 5.9 61 60

Yes Mixed C C C R C

.. ..

5.0 ..

0.9 60.6 0.1 3.4a 2.8a

1.0 47.2 0.2 4.2 3.4

.. 30.2 3.7a

.. 70.1 6.2

26 4.6 1,142

.. 47.7 1,812

.. 30.9 9,141

.. .. ..

14.8 12.2 46.6

8.9 11.9 46.9

0.2 4.5 8.9

0.0 3.2 21.1

.. .. ..

0.15 0.1

0.29 0.8

0.20 1.1

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2014

47

Burundi Sub-Saharan Africa

Low income Lowincome group 2012 2012

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

8 9 130 2.2 59 36

Sector structure Yes Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Public Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) .. International gateway(s) C Mobile telephone service C Internet service A Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) B Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

48

2014

10 11 240 4.3 87 59

846 28 590 5.9 61 60

Yes Public C C C A B

.. ..

2.3 ..

5.0 ..

0.4a 2.0 0.0 .. ..

0.2 22.8 0.0 0.1a 0.1a

1.0 47.2 0.2 4.2 3.4

.. .. 0.5

.. 35.1 1.2a

.. 70.1 6.2

82 0.0 95

83 0.6 3,462

.. 30.9 9,141

.. .. ..

.. .. ..

8.9 11.9 46.9

0.1 5.6 ..

0.2 1.9 6.6

.. .. ..

0.18 0.1

0.15 0.3

0.20 1.1

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology

Cabo Verde Sub-Saharan Africa

Lower middle income Lower middleincome Country data group 2005 2012 2012

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

0.48 58 2,330 5.9 80 71

Sector structure Yes Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Mixed Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) M International gateway(s) C Mobile telephone service C Internet service R Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) B Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

0.49 63 3,830 5.9 85 77

2,507 39 1,893 6.0 71 64

Yes Mixed C C C A A

6.7 19.1

7.9 23.9

2.5 20.5

15.0 17.1 0.2 6.7a 1.4a

14.2 86.0 4.0 26.5a 13.7a

5.4 83.1 1.4 15.0 12.4

33.8 46.6 6.1

22.6 72.1 34.7a

6.5 .. 18.7

85 14.4 482

96 100.0 6,317

86 58.2 8,076

.. .. ..

10.8 32.9 33.3

4.9 10.5 20.6

0.5 3.9 7.8

.. 3.7 4.6

4.6 7.2 47.1

0.42 2.1

0.44 26.1

0.32 4.4

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2014

49

Cambodia East Asia & Pacific

Low income Lowincome group 2012 2012

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

13 19 460 9.1 74 62

Sector structure No Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Public Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) .. International gateway(s) P Mobile telephone service P Internet service R Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) B Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

50

2014

15 20 880 6.2 74 64

846 28 590 5.9 61 60

Yes Public C C C A A

0.4 ..

5.5 69.8

5.0 ..

0.2 8.0 0.0 1.8a ..

3.9 128.5 0.2 5.4a 3.9a

1.0 47.2 0.2 4.2 3.4

.. 11.1 0.3

.. .. 4.9a

.. 70.1 6.2

75 11.7 425

99 46.8 13,619

.. 30.9 9,141

.. .. ..

3.8 7.5 23.5

8.9 11.9 46.9

0.0 2.3 6.5

0.2 1.7 8.4

.. .. ..

0.30 0.1

0.19 2.0

0.20 1.1

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology

Cameroon Sub-Saharan Africa

Lower middle income Lower middleincome Country data group 2005 2012 2012

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

18 49 900 3.8 71 51

Sector structure Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Yes Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Public Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) International gateway(s) .. Mobile telephone service C Internet service C Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) A Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) B Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

22 53 1,170 3.2 71 62

2,507 39 1,893 6.0 71 64

Yes Public .. C C A B

3.1 28.3

3.5 24.2

2.5 20.5

0.6 12.4 0.0 3.0 1.1a

3.4 60.4 0.6 8.3a 3.5a

5.4 83.1 1.4 15.0 12.4

.. 1.6 1.4

4.4 9.3 5.7a

6.5 .. 18.7

54 1.3 609

.. .. 260

86 58.2 8,076

.. .. ..

17.9 18.8 58.1

4.9 10.5 20.6

0.0 3.3 19.1

0.0 2.7 29.7

4.6 7.2 47.1

0.27 0.1

0.30 1.5

0.32 4.4

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2014

51

Canada High income

2005

Highincome group 2012 2012

32 80 33,110 2.5 .. ..

35 1,300 81 80 51,570 38,412 1.2 1.0 .. .. .. 93

Country data

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

Sector structure Yes Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Public Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) C International gateway(s) C Mobile telephone service C Internet service R Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) A Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

52

2014

Yes Private C C C R A

2.5 16.2

2.5 21.9

2.7 17.6

56.3 52.8 21.7 72.0 64.3

50.7 80.1 32.5 86.6a 83.0a

43.6 122.9 26.2 77.7 75.5

.. .. 71.7

.. 357.1 86.8a

.. 113.6 75.4

97 99 100 78.9 97.9 95.9 9,411 100,505 85,990 .. .. ..

29.3 40.8 40.4

25.2 20.6 29.2

3.9 9.1 39.3

2.3 7.3 41.2

8.9 10.8 30.8

0.82 569.1

0.89 1,040.6

0.67 827.6

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology

Cayman Islands High income

2005

Highincome group 2012 2012

0.05 100 .. .. 99 ..

0.06 1,300 100 80 .. 38,412 .. 1.0 .. .. .. 93

Country data

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%) Sector structure Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) International gateway(s) Mobile telephone service Internet service Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

.. ..

.. ..

.. .. .. .. No

.. .. .. .. No

.. ..

.. ..

2.7 17.6

78.2a 166.5 .. 54.8 50.7a

65.0 171.7 33.6 74.5a 66.0a

43.6 122.9 26.2 77.7 75.5

.. .. 38.0

.. .. 74.1a

.. 113.6 75.4

100 .. ..

100 100 .. 95.9 .. 85,990

.. .. ..

.. .. ..

25.2 20.6 29.2

.. .. ..

.. .. ..

8.9 10.8 30.8

.. .. 843.2 2,103.4

0.67 827.6

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2014

53

Central African Republic Sub-Saharan Africa

Low income Lowincome group 2012 2012

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

4 38 340 1.5 51 ..

Sector structure Yes Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Mixed Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) .. International gateway(s) C Mobile telephone service C Internet service .. Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) .. Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

54

2014

5 39 510 6.7 57 43

846 28 590 5.9 61 60

Yes Mixed C C C A C

1.1 ..

2.2 56.3

5.0 ..

0.3 2.5 0.0 .. ..

0.0 25.3 0.0 2.9a 2.4a

1.0 47.2 0.2 4.2 3.4

.. .. 0.3a

5.2 29.8 3.0a

.. 70.1 6.2

19 0.0 145

63 0.0 162

.. 30.9 9,141

.. .. ..

10.1 12.9 1,329.5

8.9 11.9 46.9

0.0 2.4 ..

0.2 5.9 ..

.. .. ..

0.14 0.2

0.00 0.2

0.20 1.1

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology

Chad Sub-Saharan Africa

Low income Lowincome group 2012 2012

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

10 22 360 17.2 28 36

Sector structure Yes Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Public Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) .. International gateway(s) C Mobile telephone service C Internet service A Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) B Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

12 22 770 4.9 35 47

846 28 590 5.9 61 60

Yes Public .. .. C A B

.. ..

2.1 ..

5.0 ..

0.1 2.1 0.0 .. ..

0.2 35.4 0.2 2.5a 2.3a

1.0 47.2 0.2 4.2 3.4

.. .. 0.4

3.4 .. 2.1a

.. 70.1 6.2

24 0.0 88

36 100.0 490

.. 30.9 9,141

.. .. ..

16.7 15.4 11.8

8.9 11.9 46.9

.. .. ..

.. .. ..

.. .. ..

0.10 ..

0.10 ..

0.20 1.1

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2014

55

Channel Islands High income

2005

Highincome group 2012 2012

0.15 31 55,320 –1.2 .. ..

0.16 1,300 31 80 .. 38,412 .. 1.0 .. .. .. 93

Country data

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%) Sector structure Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) International gateway(s) Mobile telephone service Internet service Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

56

2014

.. ..

.. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. ..

.. ..

2.7 17.6

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

43.6 122.9 26.2 77.7 75.5

.. .. ..

.. .. ..

.. 113.6 75.4

.. .. ..

.. 100 .. 95.9 .. 85,990

.. .. ..

.. .. ..

25.2 20.6 29.2

.. .. ..

.. .. ..

8.9 10.8 30.8

.. ..

.. ..

0.67 827.6

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology

Chile High income

2005

Highincome group 2012 2012

16 88 6,250 4.2 96 83

17 1,300 89 80 14,310 38,412 3.8 1.0 99 .. 88 93

Country data

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

Sector structure Yes Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Private Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) C International gateway(s) C Mobile telephone service C Internet service A Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) No Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

Yes Private C C C A A

.. ..

.. ..

2.7 17.6

21.0 64.7 4.3 30.1a 16.7a

18.8 138.2 12.4 53.7a 45.3a

43.6 122.9 26.2 77.7 75.5

3.7 55.9 31.2a

1.9 91.5 61.4a

.. 113.6 75.4

100 78.2 2,494

100 100 98.9 95.9 40,460 85,990

.. .. ..

35.1 22.8 25.8

25.2 20.6 29.2

0.5 8.2 18.4

0.3 7.3 21.1

8.9 10.8 30.8

0.58 21.0

0.75 93.6

0.67 827.6

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2014

57

China East Asia & Pacific

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2012 2012

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

1,304 43 1,740 9.8 91 64

Sector structure No Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Mixed Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) .. International gateway(s) P Mobile telephone service C Internet service R Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) B Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

58

2014

1,351 52 5,720 10.4 95 74

2,391 61 6,969 6.2 94 76

No Mixed P .. .. R C

3.2 35.9

2.1 33.6

2.5 18.2

26.6 29.8 2.8 25.0 11.0

20.2 80.8 12.7 40.9a 37.4a

19.4 92.4 10.8 40.6 36.3

1.3 132.5 8.5

0.4 415.4 42.3a

1.3 284.4 41.6

97 51.2 1,211

99 99 96.8 95.5 3,261 14,580

.. .. ..

4.9 2.3 23.2

9.4 14.9 17.8

30.7 25.3 24.9

27.1 19.6 34.9

17.6 14.7 29.1

0.50 0.3

0.53 3.9

0.42 18.5

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology

Colombia Latin America & Caribbean

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2012 2012

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

43 74 2,930 3.7 93 79

48 76 7,020 4.5 94 82

Sector structure Yes Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Public Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) .. International gateway(s) P Mobile telephone service C Internet service R Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) No Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

2,391 61 6,969 6.2 94 76

Yes Mixed C C C A A

4.3 ..

5.4 17.8

2.5 18.2

17.8 50.6 0.7 14.6 6.2

13.0 102.9 8.2 38.4 32.1

19.4 92.4 10.8 40.6 36.3

.. 48.4 11.0

5.7 353.4 49.0

1.3 284.4 41.6

82 46.3 4,686

100 99 99.9 95.5 20,370 14,580

.. .. ..

10.0 22.7 18.7

9.4 14.9 17.8

0.2 13.0 14.6

0.1 9.0 18.6

17.6 14.7 29.1

0.53 4.4

0.84 33.5

0.42 18.5

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2014

59

Comoros Sub-Saharan Africa

Low income Lowincome group 2012 2012

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

0.60 28 650 2.6 68 64

Sector structure No Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Public Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) .. International gateway(s) .. Mobile telephone service M Internet service No Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) B Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

60

2014

4.0 25.6

0.72 28 840 1.6 76 78

846 28 590 5.9 61 60

Yes Public M M M A C

5.5 13.8

5.0 ..

2.8 2.6 0.0 3.0 0.8a

3.3a 39.5 0.2 6.4a 3.4a

1.0 47.2 0.2 4.2 3.4

.. .. 2.0a

.. 49.4 6.0a

.. 70.1 6.2

40 0.3 166

.. 60.6 7,231

.. 30.9 9,141

.. .. ..

10.0 13.5 80.2

8.9 11.9 46.9

0.0 2.7 ..

0.9 7.0 ..

.. .. ..

0.19 5.0

0.08 1.4

0.20 1.1

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology

Congo, Dem. Rep. Sub-Saharan Africa

Low income Lowincome group 2012 2012

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

54 31 130 4.6 61 53

Sector structure Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Yes Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Public Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) International gateway(s) .. Mobile telephone service C Internet service C Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) No Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) B Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

5.5 89.2

66 35 230 5.8 .. 63

846 28 590 5.9 61 60

Yes Public C C C R A

5.8 49.4

5.0 ..

0.0 5.1 0.0 0.2a 0.2a

0.1 30.6 0.0 1.3a 1.3a

1.0 47.2 0.2 4.2 3.4

9.5 51.2 0.2a

3.0 35.6 1.7a

.. 70.1 6.2

50 6.3 39

50 .. 725

.. 30.9 9,141

.. .. ..

9.9 11.9 400.2

8.9 11.9 46.9

.. .. ..

.. .. ..

.. .. ..

0.22 0.1

0.18 0.3

0.20 1.1

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2014

61

Congo, Rep. Sub-Saharan Africa

Lower middle income Lower middleincome Country data group 2005 2012 2012

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

4 61 970 3.7 .. 55

Sector structure No Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Public Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) .. International gateway(s) C Mobile telephone service .. Internet service .. Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) B Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

62

2014

4 64 2,550 5.0 .. 66

2,507 39 1,893 6.0 71 64

Yes Public C C C A C

2.7 ..

3.2 23.4

2.5 20.5

0.4 15.8 0.0 1.4 0.1a

0.3 98.8 0.0 4.3a 1.3a

5.4 83.1 1.4 15.0 12.4

.. .. 1.5a

9.5 40.9 6.1a

6.5 .. 18.7

39 0.0 19

95 14.3 204

86 58.2 8,076

.. .. ..

.. .. ..

4.9 10.5 20.6

0.0 1.0 ..

0.0 0.9 ..

4.6 7.2 47.1

0.27 0.6

0.08 1.1

0.32 4.4

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology

Costa Rica Latin America & Caribbean

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2012 2012

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

4 62 4,810 4.3 95 74

5 65 8,820 4.1 96 85

Sector structure Yes Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Public Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) .. International gateway(s) M Mobile telephone service M Internet service R Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) B Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

2,391 61 6,969 6.2 94 76

Yes Public C C C R A

2.3 25.8

2.3 98.2

2.5 18.2

32.1 25.5 1.0 27.0 10.2

20.7 111.9 9.3 49.0 47.3

19.4 92.4 10.8 40.6 36.3

19.2 152.2 22.1

13.0 120.0 47.5

1.3 284.4 41.6

86 60.6 687

70 99 100.0 95.5 29,890 14,580

.. .. ..

4.7 3.8 15.8

9.4 14.9 17.8

23.7 23.7 13.3

19.4 18.3 32.2

17.6 14.7 29.1

0.51 61.8

0.50 79.0

0.42 18.5

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2014

63

Côte d’Ivoire Sub-Saharan Africa

Lower middle income Lower middleincome Country data group 2005 2012 2012

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

17 47 900 –0.2 49 ..

Sector structure Yes Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Mixed Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) .. International gateway(s) P Mobile telephone service C Internet service A Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) B Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

64

2014

20 52 1,220 1.9 57 ..

2,507 39 1,893 6.0 71 64

Yes Mixed M P C A No

5.0 29.1

7.0 15.4

2.5 20.5

1.5 13.5 0.0 1.3 0.2a

1.4 91.2 0.1 2.3a 1.3a

5.4 83.1 1.4 15.0 12.4

.. 106.4 1.0

5.9 66.5 2.4a

6.5 .. 18.7

55 6.9 307

95 .. 16,950

86 58.2 8,076

.. .. ..

20.7 20.1 42.4

4.9 10.5 20.6

0.6 3.8 33.7

0.1 3.1 28.5

4.6 7.2 47.1

0.19 0.3

0.33 2.0

0.32 4.4

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology

Croatia High income

2005

Highincome group 2012 2012

4 56 9,690 4.6 98 79

4 1,300 58 80 13,490 38,412 –0.4 1.0 99 .. 85 93

Country data

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

Sector structure Yes Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Mixed Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) C International gateway(s) C Mobile telephone service C Internet service A Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) A Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

Yes Mixed C C C A A

4.9 14.5

3.6 18.3

2.7 17.6

42.9 83.2 2.6 32.7 25.0

37.9 115.4 20.7 68.0 66.0

43.6 122.9 26.2 77.7 75.5

16.5 65.7 33.1

8.4 115.0 63.0

.. 113.6 75.4

100 12.2 3,280

100 100 95.6 95.9 28,743 85,990

.. .. ..

15.3 17.6 19.0

25.2 20.6 29.2

2.6 6.1 12.5

1.9 4.4 14.5

8.9 10.8 30.8

0.57 39.6

0.64 188.5

0.67 827.6

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2014

65

Cuba Latin America & Caribbean

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2012 2012

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

11 76 3,950 4.6 100 86

Sector structure No Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Private Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) .. International gateway(s) M Mobile telephone service P Internet service R Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) B Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

66

2014

2.9 7.5

7.6 1.2 0.0 0.2a 0.0 26.5 53.0 9.7 71 5.8 95

11 75 5,890 4.4 100 85

2,391 61 6,969 6.2 94 76

No Mixed .. M P R A

.. ..

2.5 18.2

10.8 14.9 0.0 4.6a 3.8a

19.4 92.4 10.8 40.6 36.3

11.9 36.6 25.6a

1.3 284.4 41.6

85 99 11.9 95.5 158 14,580

.. 0.3 .. 26.5 .. 1,760.4

9.4 14.9 17.8

0.9 2.6 ..

.. .. ..

17.6 14.7 29.1

0.40 0.1

0.31 0.4

0.42 18.5

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology

Curaçao High income

2005

Highincome group 2012 2012

0.14 .. .. .. .. ..

0.15 1,300 .. 80 .. 38,412 .. 1.0 .. .. .. 93

Country data

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%) Sector structure Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) International gateway(s) Mobile telephone service Internet service Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

.. ..

.. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. ..

.. ..

2.7 17.6

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

43.6 122.9 26.2 77.7 75.5

.. .. ..

.. .. ..

.. 113.6 75.4

.. .. ..

.. 100 .. 95.9 .. 85,990

.. .. ..

.. .. ..

25.2 20.6 29.2

.. .. ..

.. .. ..

8.9 10.8 30.8

.. ..

.. 187.5

0.67 827.6

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2014

67

Cyprus High income

2005

Highincome group 2012 2012

1 69 21,490 3.1 97 78

1 1,300 71 80 26,110 38,412 1.5 1.0 99 .. 78 93

Country data

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

Sector structure Yes Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Public Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) .. International gateway(s) P Mobile telephone service C Internet service A Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) No Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

68

2014

Yes Public C P C A A

2.9 15.0

3.1 11.9

2.7 17.6

40.7 75.8 3.1 46.0 31.7

33.1 98.4 19.2 70.0 62.0

43.6 122.9 26.2 77.7 75.5

57.5 174.0 32.8

40.2 228.7 61.0

.. 113.6 75.4

100 35.0 1,328

100 100 96.5 95.9 69,698 85,990

.. .. ..

25.2 8.4 21.9

25.2 20.6 29.2

25.0 10.8 21.1

3.5 4.1 25.1

8.9 10.8 30.8

0.60 175.3

0.56 621.4

0.67 827.6

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology

Czech Republic High income

2005

Highincome group 2012 2012

10 74 11,920 3.9 .. 83

11 1,300 73 80 18,130 38,412 1.6 1.0 .. .. 88 93

Country data

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

Sector structure Yes Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Private Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) C International gateway(s) C Mobile telephone service C Internet service A Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) A Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

Yes Private .. P C R A

3.8 11.7

1.9 20.8

2.7 17.6

31.4 115.1 6.9 30.0 19.1

19.9 126.8 16.4 75.0a 71.0

43.6 122.9 26.2 77.7 75.5

7.4 50.3 35.3

9.7 97.8 75.0

.. 113.6 75.4

100 100 100 30.1 100.0 95.9 13,620 100,062 85,990 .. .. ..

29.1 27.7 22.6

25.2 20.6 29.2

11.1 11.2 24.4

14.5 14.7 36.1

8.9 10.8 30.8

0.67 41.6

0.54 559.3

0.67 827.6

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2014

69

Denmark High income

2005

Highincome group 2012 2012

5 86 48,590 1.2 .. 103

6 1,300 87 80 59,870 38,412 –0.4 1.0 .. .. 100 93

Country data

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

Sector structure Yes Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Private Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) C International gateway(s) P Mobile telephone service C Internet service A Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) A Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

70

2014

Yes Private C P C A A

2.6 17.2

2.0 17.2

2.7 17.6

61.8 100.6 24.8 84.0 74.9

43.4 117.6 38.8 92.2a 92.0

43.6 122.9 26.2 77.7 75.5

.. 99.1 82.7

18.2 146.1 93.0

.. 113.6 75.4

.. .. 100 74.3 96.3 95.9 42,041 174,801 85,990 .. .. ..

30.5 10.3 46.4

25.2 20.6 29.2

7.1 12.4 ..

3.5 8.2 ..

8.9 10.8 30.8

0.91 411.3

0.86 2,104.5

0.67 827.6

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology

Djibouti Middle East & North Africa

Lower middle income Lower middleincome Country data group 2005 2012 2012

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

0.78 77 1,030 3.0 .. 25

0.86 77 .. .. .. 37

Sector structure No Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Public Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) .. International gateway(s) .. Mobile telephone service M Internet service No Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) B Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

2,507 39 1,893 6.0 71 64

No Public M M M No C

4.8 25.6

.. 14.3

2.5 20.5

1.4 5.7 0.0 6.8 0.6

2.3 24.7 1.7 15.5a 5.1a

5.4 83.1 1.4 15.0 12.4

.. 50.2 1.0

124.9 32.0 8.3a

6.5 .. 18.7

75 1.2 6,076

95 79.6 11,960

86 58.2 8,076

.. .. ..

6.9 13.2 31.6

4.9 10.5 20.6

.. .. 5.1

0.1 5.4 ..

4.6 7.2 47.1

0.23 1.3

0.20 4.6

0.32 4.4

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2014

71

Dominica Latin America & Caribbean

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2012 2012

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

0.07 67 4,980 1.9 .. ..

Sector structure Yes Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Mixed Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) .. International gateway(s) M Mobile telephone service .. Internet service R Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) No Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

72

2014

0.07 67 6,440 3.3 .. ..

2,391 61 6,969 6.2 94 76

Yes Private C C C A A

8.4 18.0

7.8 12.5

2.5 18.2

26.9 73.7 4.8 .. ..

20.3 152.5 11.9 .. ..

19.4 92.4 10.8 40.6 36.3

41.2 38.4 38.5a

14.6 112.1 55.2a

1.3 284.4 41.6

.. 54.0 1,407

90 99 97.2 95.5 65,734 14,580

.. .. ..

10.7 15.4 33.0

9.4 14.9 17.8

0.2 8.3 25.9

7.8 4.3 14.5

17.6 14.7 29.1

0.37 113.4

0.29 430.6

0.42 18.5

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology

Dominican Republic Latin America & Caribbean

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2012 2012

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

9 66 2,880 3.1 88 ..

10 70 5,470 6.0 90 ..

Sector structure Yes Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Private Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) C International gateway(s) C Mobile telephone service C Internet service A Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) No Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

2,391 61 6,969 6.2 94 76

Yes Private C C C A A

0.4 192.0

3.3 16.1

2.5 18.2

9.6 38.8 0.6 8.7 3.1

10.4 86.9 4.3 19.8a 13.7a

19.4 92.4 10.8 40.6 36.3

.. .. 11.5

12.8 26.1 45.0a

1.3 284.4 41.6

.. 45.1 2,889

95 99 90.4 95.5 14,874 14,580

.. .. ..

16.6 14.9 23.3

9.4 14.9 17.8

7.2 4.2 2.8

0.9 3.2 4.3

17.6 14.7 29.1

0.49 5.6

0.54 20.4

0.42 18.5

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2014

73

Ecuador Latin America & Caribbean

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2012 2012

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

14 64 2,890 4.8 84 ..

Sector structure Yes Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Public Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) .. International gateway(s) P Mobile telephone service C Internet service A Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) No Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

74

2014

15 68 5,170 4.0 92 ..

2,391 61 6,969 6.2 94 76

Yes Public C C C A A

3.4 ..

2.3 13.9

2.5 18.2

12.2 45.3 0.2 17.9 2.5

14.9 106.2 5.3 32.2 22.5

19.4 92.4 10.8 40.6 36.3

4.4 77.6 35.1

1.3 284.4 41.6

.. .. 6.0a 80 19.5 2,422

96 99 94.2 95.5 31,804 14,580

.. .. ..

6.9 17.1 20.2

9.4 14.9 17.8

0.2 11.1 ..

0.1 6.4 ..

17.6 14.7 29.1

0.48 3.9

0.46 24.5

0.42 18.5

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology

Egypt, Arab Rep. Middle East & North Africa

Lower middle income Lower middleincome Country data group 2005 2012 2012

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

72 43 1,290 3.4 71 76

Sector structure Yes Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Mixed Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) M International gateway(s) P Mobile telephone service C Internet service A Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) No Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

81 44 2,980 5.1 74 77

2,507 39 1,893 6.0 71 64

Yes Mixed P C C A A

3.8 35.2

2.8 33.4

2.5 20.5

14.5 19.0 0.2 .. 15.3

10.6 119.9 2.8 37.9 32.3

5.4 83.1 1.4 15.0 12.4

7.6 36.0 12.8

5.5 119.6 44.1

6.5 .. 18.7

92 5.5 413

100 93.8 4,242

86 58.2 8,076

.. .. ..

3.0 6.3 7.6

4.9 10.5 20.6

0.1 4.4 13.2

0.2 3.4 7.3

4.6 7.2 47.1

0.48 0.5

0.60 3.5

0.32 4.4

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2014

75

El Salvador Latin America & Caribbean

Lower middle income Lower middleincome Country data group 2005 2012 2012

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

6 62 2,810 2.3 84 72

Sector structure Yes Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Mixed Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) .. International gateway(s) C Mobile telephone service C Internet service A Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) No Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

76

2014

6 65 3,590 1.2 84 71

2,507 39 1,893 6.0 71 64

Yes Mixed C C C A A

4.1 13.6

3.8 17.7

2.5 20.5

16.0 39.7 0.7 7.4 2.1

16.8 137.3 3.8 15.3a 15.0a

5.4 83.1 1.4 15.0 12.4

.. 33.2 4.2a

27.5 86.9 25.5a

6.5 .. 18.7

95 33.2 608

.. 99.3 6,850

86 58.2 8,076

.. .. ..

6.9 14.7 20.3

4.9 10.5 20.6

0.2 3.6 8.4

0.4 5.0 11.5

4.6 7.2 47.1

0.50 6.1

0.67 18.8

0.32 4.4

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology

Equatorial Guinea High income

2005

Highincome group 2012 2012

0.60 39 5,250 26.0 88 ..

0.74 1,300 40 80 13,560 38,412 3.1 1.0 94 .. .. 93

Country data

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

Sector structure No Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Mixed Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) .. International gateway(s) .. Mobile telephone service M Internet service No Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) B Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

Yes Mixed P C C R No

.. ..

.. ..

2.7 17.6

1.7 16.1 0.0 .. ..

2.0 68.1 0.2 .. ..

43.6 122.9 26.2 77.7 75.5

.. .. 1.1

.. .. 13.9a

.. 113.6 75.4

.. 15.0 2,421

.. 100 .. 95.9 2,123 85,990

.. .. ..

.. .. ..

25.2 20.6 29.2

.. .. ..

.. .. ..

8.9 10.8 30.8

0.29 ..

0.10 1.3

0.67 827.6

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2014

77

Eritrea Sub-Saharan Africa

Low income Lowincome group 2012 2012

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

5 19 230 1.9 53 30

Sector structure Yes Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Public Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) M International gateway(s) P Mobile telephone service P Internet service .. Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) B Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

78

2014

3.1 57.6

6 22 450 1.2 69 25

846 28 590 5.9 61 60

Yes Public M P P .. B

3.1 70.0

5.0 ..

0.8 0.8 0.0 0.2 0.2a

1.0 5.0 0.0 1.5a 1.1a

1.0 47.2 0.2 4.2 3.4

.. 81.4 0.4a

76.5 88.7 0.8a

.. 70.1 6.2

2 0.0 562

85 13.0 1,284

.. 30.9 9,141

.. 4.1 .. 11.8 .. 1,596.5

8.9 11.9 46.9

0.2 3.0 ..

.. .. ..

.. .. ..

0.20 ..

0.21 ..

0.20 1.1

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology

Estonia High income

2005

Highincome group 2012 2012

1 69 9,690 7.1 100 95

1 1,300 70 80 16,270 38,412 0.3 1.0 100 .. 96 93

Country data

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

Sector structure Yes Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Mixed Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) C International gateway(s) C Mobile telephone service C Internet service A Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) A Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

Yes Mixed .. C C A A

5.5 8.2

2.6 26.0

2.7 17.6

33.4 109.1 13.5 43.0 38.7

34.7 160.4 25.5 76.0 75.0

43.6 122.9 26.2 77.7 75.5

6.9 75.0 61.5

9.0 115.0 79.0

.. 113.6 75.4

99 91.0 5,895

100 100 95.6 95.9 26,478 85,990

.. .. ..

12.8 24.6 22.2

25.2 20.6 29.2

17.0 13.0 17.2

10.9 10.7 26.2

8.9 10.8 30.8

0.76 101.4

0.82 749.2

0.67 827.6

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2014

79

Ethiopia Sub-Saharan Africa

Low income Lowincome group 2012 2012

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

76 16 160 5.6 30 43

Sector structure Yes Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Public Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) M International gateway(s) M Mobile telephone service M Internet service No Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) B Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

80

2014

2.2 82.1

0.8 0.5 0.0 0.2 0.0a 13.5 90.9 0.2

92 17 380 9.7 .. ..

846 28 590 5.9 61 60

No Public M M M No B

1.7 36.2

5.0 ..

0.9 22.4 0.0 2.1a 1.9a

1.0 47.2 0.2 4.2 3.4

3.1 55.8 1.5a

.. 70.1 6.2

10 0.3 347

73 3.2 4,779

.. 30.9 9,141

.. .. ..

1.0 3.8 23.7

8.9 11.9 46.9

0.0 7.0 10.9

0.2 3.5 6.5

.. .. ..

0.19 0.0

0.47 0.2

0.20 1.1

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology

Faeroe Islands High income

2005

Highincome group 2012 2012

0.05 40 .. .. .. ..

0.05 1,300 41 80 .. 38,412 .. 1.0 .. .. .. 93

Country data

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%) Sector structure Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) International gateway(s) Mobile telephone service Internet service Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

.. ..

.. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

3.5 ..

.. ..

2.7 17.6

48.5 85.5 11.9 .. ..

37.7 118.6 33.0 .. ..

43.6 122.9 26.2 77.7 75.5

.. 73.1 67.9a

.. 122.4 85.3a

.. 113.6 75.4

100 49.2 4,793

100 100 100.0 95.9 .. 85,990

.. .. ..

.. .. ..

25.2 20.6 29.2

0.0 4.3 30.1

0.0 4.3 25.8

8.9 10.8 30.8

.. .. 61.5 1,632.7

0.67 827.6

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2014

81

Fiji East Asia & Pacific

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2012 2012

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

0.82 50 3,590 2.6 .. 78

Sector structure No Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Mixed Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) .. International gateway(s) M Mobile telephone service .. Internet service .. Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) B Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

82

2014

0.87 53 4,110 0.4 .. 88

2,391 61 6,969 6.2 94 76

Yes Mixed C C C A A

4.7 20.2

.. ..

2.5 18.2

13.7 24.9 0.9 13.0 8.0

10.1 98.2 1.5 31.7a 24.4a

19.4 92.4 10.8 40.6 36.3

.. .. 8.5

.. .. 33.7a

1.3 284.4 41.6

60 52.6 1,036

.. 99 59.6 95.5 9,232 14,580

.. .. ..

6.9 21.1 19.5

9.4 14.9 17.8

0.3 4.7 5.4

0.8 4.2 4.3

17.6 14.7 29.1

0.42 8.5

0.36 30.6

0.42 18.5

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology

Finland High income

2005

Highincome group 2012 2012

5 83 38,550 2.6 .. 101

5 1,300 84 80 46,490 38,412 0.4 1.0 .. .. 101 93

Country data

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

Sector structure Yes Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Mixed Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) C International gateway(s) P Mobile telephone service C Internet service A Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) A Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

Yes Mixed C C C A A

2.7 9.8

2.0 15.0

2.7 17.6

40.4 100.5 22.4 63.9 54.1

16.4 172.3 30.3 88.0 87.0

43.6 122.9 26.2 77.7 75.5

.. 171.5 74.5

.. 177.5 91.0

.. 113.6 75.4

99 100 100 57.1 .. 95.9 5,788 159,294 85,990 .. .. ..

31.4 13.8 37.4

25.2 20.6 29.2

20.3 14.3 32.3

4.0 6.9 45.7

8.9 10.8 30.8

0.75 308.2

0.88 1,554.7

0.67 827.6

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2014

83

France High income

2005

Highincome group 2012 2012

63 82 34,850 1.5 .. 93

66 1,300 86 80 41,750 38,412 0.5 1.0 .. .. 94 93

Country data

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

Sector structure Yes Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Mixed Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) C International gateway(s) C Mobile telephone service C Internet service A Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) A Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

84

2014

Yes Mixed C C C R A

2.4 15.6

2.1 17.6

2.7 17.6

54.9 78.3 15.4 54.3a 34.4

61.5 97.4 37.5 81.0 80.0

43.6 122.9 26.2 77.7 75.5

19.5 160.4 83.0

.. 113.6 75.4

13.6 138.0 42.9 99 71.7 7,593

99 100 99.1 95.9 83,918 85,990

.. .. ..

28.1 42.2 29.2

25.2 20.6 29.2

6.3 8.5 23.8

4.1 6.2 32.6

8.9 10.8 30.8

0.80 76.1

0.88 487.0

0.67 827.6

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology

French Polynesia High income

2005

Highincome group 2012 2012

0.25 52 .. .. .. ..

0.27 1,300 51 80 .. 38,412 .. 1.0 .. .. .. 93

Country data

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%) Sector structure Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) International gateway(s) Mobile telephone service Internet service Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

.. ..

.. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. ..

.. ..

2.7 17.6

20.9 47.1 4.3 45.0 ..

20.1 82.5 14.7 .. ..

43.6 122.9 26.2 77.7 75.5

9.1 116.7 21.5

9.4 103.8 52.9a

.. 113.6 75.4

96 59.5 1,639

98 100 98.5 95.9 13,814 85,990

.. .. ..

.. .. ..

25.2 20.6 29.2

0.2 5.1 13.5

0.4 5.2 9.7

8.9 10.8 30.8

.. 58.9

.. 133.6

0.67 827.6

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2014

85

Gabon Sub-Saharan Africa

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2012 2012

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

1 83 5,080 1.6 84 ..

Sector structure Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Yes Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Public Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) International gateway(s) .. Mobile telephone service C Internet service C Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) A Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) B Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

86

2014

2 86 10,040 3.1 89 ..

2,391 61 6,969 6.2 94 76

Yes Mixed C C C A C

1.7 12.4

.. ..

2.5 18.2

2.8 53.4 0.1 3.0 2.0

1.0 179.5a 0.3a 10.1a 7.9a

19.4 92.4 10.8 40.6 36.3

.. .. 4.9

1.6 .. 8.6a

1.3 284.4 41.6

78 17.7 2,963

.. 99 18.4 95.5 5,509 14,580

.. .. ..

52.9 23.3 31.8

9.4 14.9 17.8

0.0 3.7 37.7

0.0 3.5 ..

17.6 14.7 29.1

0.32 5.8

0.19 9.6

0.42 18.5

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology

Gambia, The Sub-Saharan Africa

Low income Lowincome group 2012 2012

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

1 53 410 3.2 37 ..

Sector structure Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Yes Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Public Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) International gateway(s) M Mobile telephone service P Internet service C Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) A Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) B Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

2 58 510 3.8 51 58

846 28 590 5.9 61 60

Yes Public M C C A B

.. ..

.. ..

5.0 ..

3.1 17.2 0.0 2.3 1.0a

3.6 85.2 0.0 7.4a 6.7a

1.0 47.2 0.2 4.2 3.4

.. 14.7 3.8a

.. .. 12.4a

.. 70.1 6.2

70 7.6 165

.. .. 2,117

.. 30.9 9,141

.. .. ..

3.5 6.0 280.3

8.9 11.9 46.9

1.2 5.0 ..

0.1 1.9 ..

.. .. ..

0.23 1.3

0.32 4.3

0.20 1.1

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2014

87

Georgia Europe & Central Asia

Lower middle income Lower middleincome Country data group 2005 2012 2012

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

4 52 1,360 7.5 100 77

Sector structure Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Yes Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Public Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) International gateway(s) .. Mobile telephone service C Internet service C Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) A Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) A Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

88

2014

4 53 3,290 4.7 100 72

2,507 39 1,893 6.0 71 64

Yes Mixed C C C A No

6.2 30.9

2.7 19.6

2.5 20.5

12.7 26.2 0.1 1.8a 1.0a

29.3 107.8 8.7 32.7 32.0

5.4 83.1 1.4 15.0 12.4

.. .. 6.1a

6.1 116.5 45.5a

6.5 .. 18.7

95 1.3 118

99 100.0 52,946

86 58.2 8,076

.. .. ..

2.4 6.0 11.9

4.9 10.5 20.6

0.1 4.4 4.0

0.5 4.9 4.6

4.6 7.2 47.1

0.46 4.6

0.60 29.3

0.32 4.4

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology

Germany High income

2005

Highincome group 2012 2012

82 73 34,780 0.5 .. ..

80 1,300 74 80 45,070 38,412 1.2 1.0 .. .. 90 93

Country data

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

Sector structure Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Yes Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Private Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) International gateway(s) C Mobile telephone service C Internet service C Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) A Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) A Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

Yes Mixed C C C A A

3.0 8.6

1.5 15.3

2.7 17.6

65.4 94.6 12.9 70.0 61.6

60.5 111.6 33.7 87.0 85.0

43.6 122.9 26.2 77.7 75.5

.. 43.0 68.7

.. 99.1 84.0

.. 113.6 75.4

99 53.9 9,827

99 100 .. 95.9 74,793 85,990

.. .. ..

28.6 18.9 41.7

25.2 20.6 29.2

7.9 11.5 29.7

4.4 7.6 33.7

8.9 10.8 30.8

0.71 274.2

0.75 1,060.5

0.67 827.6

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2014

89

Ghana Sub-Saharan Africa

Lower middle income Lower middleincome Country data group 2005 2012 2012

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

21 48 470 5.1 58 54

Sector structure Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Yes Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Mixed Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) International gateway(s) .. Mobile telephone service P Internet service C Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) A Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) C Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

90

2014

.. ..

25 53 1,550 7.9 71 66

2,507 39 1,893 6.0 71 64

Yes Mixed C C C A C

2.4 98.7

2.5 20.5

1.5 13.4 0.0 2.0 0.2a

1.1 101.0 0.3 13.8 11.0a

5.4 83.1 1.4 15.0 12.4

14.6 .. 1.8

6.5 67.5 17.1a

6.5 .. 18.7

59 17.8 429

87 100.0 230

86 58.2 8,076

.. .. ..

5.2 6.6 43.0

4.9 10.5 20.6

0.0 4.8 ..

0.1 4.4 ..

4.6 7.2 47.1

0.30 0.1

0.30 2.6

0.32 4.4

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology

Greece High income

2005

Highincome group 2012 2012

11 60 21,400 4.2 96 100

11 1,300 62 80 23,660 38,412 –2.2 1.0 97 .. .. 93

Country data

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

Sector structure Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Yes Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Mixed Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) International gateway(s) C Mobile telephone service P Internet service C Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) A Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) A Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

Yes Mixed C P C A A

4.0 9.4

3.1 12.2

2.7 17.6

57.2 92.9 1.5 33.0 21.7

49.1 120.0 24.1 57.4 54.0

43.6 122.9 26.2 77.7 75.5

13.9 49.3 24.0

13.9 34.0 56.0

.. 113.6 75.4

100a 100 100 18.1 98.7 95.9 2,458 64,208 85,990 .. .. ..

25.4 43.3 23.7

25.2 20.6 29.2

2.8 5.7 6.6

1.7 5.1 7.9

8.9 10.8 30.8

0.57 31.4

0.58 133.1

0.67 827.6

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2014

91

Greenland High income

2005

Highincome group 2012 2012

0.06 83 29,690 0.7 .. ..

0.06 1,300 85 80 26,020 38,412 1.5 1.0 .. .. .. 93

Country data

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%) Sector structure Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) International gateway(s) Mobile telephone service Internet service Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

92

2014

.. ..

.. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. ..

.. ..

2.7 17.6

56.5 81.6 12.5 .. 32.0

33.3 104.7 19.9 .. 76.7a

43.6 122.9 26.2 77.7 75.5

.. .. 57.7

.. .. 87.9 113.6 64.9a 75.4

90 100.0 913

100 100 100.0 95.9 18,995 85,990

.. .. ..

.. .. ..

25.2 20.6 29.2

0.1 5.6 ..

0.0 3.9 ..

8.9 10.8 30.8

.. 212.2

.. 1,478.6

0.67 827.6

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology

Grenada Latin America & Caribbean

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2012 2012

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

0.10 37 6,800 4.6 .. ..

0.11 39 7,220 –0.4 .. 91

Sector structure Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Yes Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Mixed Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) International gateway(s) .. Mobile telephone service M Internet service .. Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) .. Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) No Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

2,391 61 6,969 6.2 94 76

Yes Mixed .. C C A No

5.8 19.1

6.7 13.4

2.5 18.2

26.6 45.5 3.1 .. ..

27.0a 121.3 13.7a .. ..

19.4 92.4 10.8 40.6 36.3

100.5 133.5 20.5a

46.6 200.9 42.1a

1.3 284.4 41.6

.. 57.3 19,463

.. 99 100.0 95.5 90,094 14,580

.. .. ..

13.4 14.7 29.4

9.4 14.9 17.8

1.5 4.8 15.8

2.0 4.4 15.9

17.6 14.7 29.1

0.45 29.1

0.35 28.3

0.42 18.5

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2014

93

Guam High income

2005

Highincome group 2012 2012

0.16 93 .. .. .. ..

0.16 1,300 93 80 .. 38,412 .. 1.0 .. .. .. 93

Country data

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%) Sector structure Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) International gateway(s) Mobile telephone service Internet service Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

94

2014

.. ..

.. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. ..

.. ..

2.7 17.6

41.4 61.9 1.7 .. ..

41.2 .. 1.9 .. ..

43.6 122.9 26.2 77.7 75.5

.. .. 38.6

.. .. 61.5a

.. 113.6 75.4

.. .. ..

.. 100 .. 95.9 .. 85,990

.. .. ..

.. .. ..

25.2 20.6 29.2

.. .. ..

.. .. ..

8.9 10.8 30.8

.. 113.6

.. 242.4

0.67 827.6

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology

Guatemala Latin America & Caribbean

Lower middle income Lower middleincome Country data group 2005 2012 2012

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

13 47 2,070 3.1 69 71

Sector structure Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Yes Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Private Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) International gateway(s) .. Mobile telephone service C Internet service C Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) A Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) No Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

15 50 3,120 3.4 76 ..

2,507 39 1,893 6.0 71 64

Yes Private C C C A A

.. ..

.. ..

2.5 20.5

9.8 35.6 0.2 8.4 2.1

11.6 137.8 1.8 19.2a 9.3a

5.4 83.1 1.4 15.0 12.4

32.1 51.4 5.7

11.5 77.6 16.0a

6.5 .. 18.7

76 .. 977

100 .. 6,630

86 58.2 8,076

.. .. ..

5.8 19.8 20.6

4.9 10.5 20.6

0.3 6.0 19.3

0.3 5.7 21.9

4.6 7.2 47.1

0.43 5.5

0.46 13.3

0.32 4.4

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2014

95

Guinea Sub-Saharan Africa

Low income Lowincome group 2012 2012

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

10 33 340 3.0 30 44

Sector structure Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator No Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Mixed Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) International gateway(s) .. Mobile telephone service P Internet service C Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) .. Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) No Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

96

2014

11 36 440 2.5 25 52

846 28 590 5.9 61 60

Yes Mixed C C C R A

.. ..

.. ..

5.0 ..

0.3 2.0 0.0 .. 0.0a

0.2 41.8 0.0 2.1a 1.3a

1.0 47.2 0.2 4.2 3.4

.. .. 0.5

.. .. 1.5a

.. 70.1 6.2

80 0.0 39

80 .. 2,051

.. 30.9 9,141

.. .. ..

1.6 4.1 800.0

8.9 11.9 46.9

0.0 0.7 1.1

0.0 5.2 64.9

.. .. ..

0.14 ..

0.00 0.1

0.20 1.1

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology

Guinea-Bissau Sub-Saharan Africa

Low income Lowincome group 2012 2012

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

1 40 390 0.7 41 59

Sector structure Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Yes Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Mixed Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) International gateway(s) P Mobile telephone service P Internet service C Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) A Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) B Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

2 45 510 3.1 55 ..

846 28 590 5.9 61 60

Yes Mixed P P C A B

.. ..

.. ..

5.0 ..

0.7 7.0 0.0 .. 0.7

0.3 63.1 0.0 2.3a 1.6a

1.0 47.2 0.2 4.2 3.4

.. .. 1.9

.. .. 2.9a

.. 70.1 6.2

65 .. 2

65 0.0 3,220

.. 30.9 9,141

.. .. ..

.. .. ..

8.9 11.9 46.9

.. 1.8 10.5

.. .. 55.4

.. .. ..

0.15 ..

0.10 1.2

0.20 1.1

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2014

97

Guyana Latin America & Caribbean

Lower middle income Lower middleincome Country data group 2005 2012 2012

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

0.76 28 1,070 0.8 .. 77

Sector structure Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Yes Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Mixed Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) International gateway(s) .. Mobile telephone service C Internet service .. Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) .. Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) B Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

98

2014

0.80 28 3,410 2.8 85 68

2,507 39 1,893 6.0 71 64

Yes Mixed M P P .. C

6.3 50.0

5.2 19.2

2.5 20.5

14.5 37.0 0.3 11.6a 10.4a

19.4 68.8 3.7 22.9a 20.6a

5.4 83.1 1.4 15.0 12.4

21.7 24.7 13.8a

15.1 35.2 33.0a

6.5 .. 18.7

95 4.2 339

97 68.2 8,382

86 58.2 8,076

.. .. ..

3.1 9.0 24.5

4.9 10.5 20.6

0.0 1.9 42.4

0.1 5.8 41.4

4.6 7.2 47.1

0.44 1.3

0.25 12.5

0.32 4.4

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology

Haiti Latin America & Caribbean

Low income Lowincome group 2012 2012

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

9 44 410 –0.7 49 ..

Sector structure Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Yes Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Public Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) International gateway(s) .. Mobile telephone service P Internet service C Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) .. Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) No Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

10 55 760 1.4 .. ..

846 28 590 5.9 61 60

Yes Mixed C C C R A

.. ..

3.7 ..

5.0 ..

1.6 5.4 0.0 2.0 1.0

0.5 59.9 0.0 7.3a 3.4a

1.0 47.2 0.2 4.2 3.4

.. .. 6.4a

.. .. 9.8a

.. 70.1 6.2

.. 0.0 229

.. .. ..

.. 30.9 9,141

.. .. ..

5.6 12.6 47.8

8.9 11.9 46.9

.. .. ..

.. .. ..

.. .. ..

0.21 0.6

0.09 1.1

0.20 1.1

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2014

99

Honduras Latin America & Caribbean

Lower middle income Lower middleincome Country data group 2005 2012 2012

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

7 49 1,380 4.7 84 ..

Sector structure Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Yes Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Public Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) International gateway(s) .. Mobile telephone service M Internet service C Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) A Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) B Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

100

2014

8 53 2,120 3.2 85 71

2,507 39 1,893 6.0 71 64

Yes Public .. C C R C

5.1 23.5

5.4 9.1

2.5 20.5

7.2 18.6 0.0 6.3 1.5

7.7 92.9 0.8 15.1a 13.2a

5.4 83.1 1.4 15.0 12.4

25.3 43.0 6.5

24.7 186.5 18.1a

6.5 .. 18.7

90 0.0 1,115

.. 81.1 4,173

86 58.2 8,076

.. .. ..

6.3 17.0 19.0

4.9 10.5 20.6

1.1 5.6 8.1

0.3 5.0 11.2

4.6 7.2 47.1

0.40 4.3

0.38 9.1

0.32 4.4

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology

Hong Kong SAR, China High income Highincome group 2012 2012

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

7 100 28,890 4.2 .. 72

Sector structure Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) International gateway(s) Mobile telephone service Internet service Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

7 1,300 100 80 36,560 38,412 3.4 1.0 .. .. 90 93

.. ..

Yes ..

.. .. .. .. A

.. .. .. .. A

3.6 18.3

3.6 12.9

2.7 17.6

55.0 123.9 24.1 70.1 64.6

61.3 229.2 31.2 80.3 78.6

43.6 122.9 26.2 77.7 75.5

.. .. 56.9

61.2 102.5 72.8

.. 113.6 75.4

100 100 100 63.1 75.6 95.9 16,723 1,426,554 85,990 .. .. ..

14.1 1.8 21.6

25.2 20.6 29.2

38.3 38.2 18.4

42.2 40.8 15.3

8.9 10.8 30.8

.. 162.3

.. 627.0

0.67 827.6

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2014

101

Hungary Europe & Central Asia

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2012 2012

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

10 66 10,220 4.2 99 89

Sector structure Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Yes Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Private Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) International gateway(s) C Mobile telephone service P Internet service C Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) A Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) A Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

102

2014

10 70 12,410 -0.5 99 90

2,391 61 6,969 6.2 94 76

Yes Private C P C A A

4.6 9.1

3.4 15.8

2.5 18.2

33.8 92.3 6.5 42.0 22.1

29.7 116.1 22.9 71.0 69.0

19.4 92.4 10.8 40.6 36.3

6.8 84.5 39.0

8.9 129.5 72.0

1.3 284.4 41.6

99 66.7 8,896

99 99 99.4 95.5 15,314 14,580

.. .. ..

25.3 25.1 31.0

9.4 14.9 17.8

25.6 18.7 20.3

17.4 16.2 27.7

17.6 14.7 29.1

0.65 30.0

0.69 248.7

0.42 18.5

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology

Iceland High income

2005

Highincome group 2012 2012

0.30 93 49,620 4.0 .. 95

0.32 1,300 94 80 38,270 38,412 -0.1 1.0 .. .. 98 93

Country data

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

Sector structure Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Yes Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Mixed Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) International gateway(s) .. Mobile telephone service C Internet service C Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) A Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) C Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

Yes Private C C C A A

2.8 19.5

2.0 14.6

2.7 17.6

65.3 95.4 26.3 89.0 84.4

55.2 108.1 34.3 96.0 95.0

43.6 122.9 26.2 77.7 75.5

18.7 125.4 87.0

13.9 178.7 96.2

.. 113.6 75.4

99 99 100 89.6 95.9 95.9 4,803 318,962 85,990 .. .. ..

21.0 21.9 31.8

25.2 20.6 29.2

0.1 6.4 21.4

0.2 4.1 27.1

8.9 10.8 30.8

0.72 1,004.3

0.54 2,869.3

0.67 827.6

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2014

103

India South Asia

Lower middle income Lower middleincome Country data group 2005 2012 2012

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

1,127 29 740 6.7 63 63

Sector structure Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Yes Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Mixed Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) International gateway(s) C Mobile telephone service C Internet service C Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) R Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) A Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

104

2014

2.4 42.8

1,237 32 1,550 7.6 .. 70

2,507 39 1,893 6.0 71 64

Yes Mixed C C C R A

2.1 17.6

2.5 20.5

4.5 8.0 0.1 2.0a 1.6a

2.5 69.9 1.2 10.9a 9.5a

5.4 83.1 1.4 15.0 12.4

5.6 .. 2.4a

4.9 .. 12.6a

6.5 .. 18.7

31 19.4 743

83 59.1 5,277

86 58.2 8,076

.. .. ..

3.2 3.5 6.0

4.9 10.5 20.6

1.1 7.6 67.2

2.0 5.3 65.9

4.6 7.2 47.1

0.38 0.6

0.54 3.9

0.32 4.4

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology

Indonesia East Asia & Pacific

Lower middle income Lower middleincome Country data group 2005 2012 2012

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

224 46 1,230 4.7 92 67

247 51 3,420 5.9 93 77

Sector structure Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Yes Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Mixed Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) International gateway(s) C Mobile telephone service C Internet service C Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) .. Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) A Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

2,507 39 1,893 6.0 71 64

Yes Mixed C C C .. A

2.2 28.3

1.9 18.6

2.5 20.5

6.0 20.9 0.0 3.7 1.0

15.4 114.2 1.2 15.1 6.5

5.4 83.1 1.4 15.0 12.4

.. .. 3.6

.. .. 15.4

6.5 .. 18.7

90 5.8 186

100 57.5 17,063

86 58.2 8,076

.. .. ..

4.8 7.9 22.2

4.9 10.5 20.6

8.1 3.6 29.7

4.1 7.1 38.2

4.6 7.2 47.1

0.41 0.5

0.50 4.1

0.32 4.4

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2014

105

Iran, Islamic Rep. Middle East & North Africa

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2012 2012

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

70 68 2,530 5.9 82 64

Sector structure Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Yes Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Public Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) International gateway(s) M Mobile telephone service P Internet service P Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) R Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) B Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

106

2014

76 69 4,330 3.7 85 87

2,391 61 6,969 6.2 94 76

Yes Public M C C R B

1.4 74.5

2.0 95.4

2.5 18.2

29.0 12.1 0.1 19.0a 6.6a

37.6 76.1 4.0 37.0a 26.5a

19.4 92.4 10.8 40.6 36.3

2.9 .. 8.1a

2.6 109.4 26.0a

1.3 284.4 41.6

75 .. 600

96 99 33.8 95.5 3,731 14,580

.. .. ..

0.2 5.0 17.8

9.4 14.9 17.8

0.0 4.6 ..

0.0 4.6 ..

17.6 14.7 29.1

0.41 0.3

0.49 1.3

0.42 18.5

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology

Iraq Middle East & North Africa

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2012 2012

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

27 67 1,990 –1.1 74 63

Sector structure Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Yes Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Public Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) International gateway(s) .. Mobile telephone service .. Internet service .. Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) .. Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) B Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

33 66 6,130 6.7 78 ..

2,391 61 6,969 6.2 94 76

Yes Public M P P R B

.. ..

.. ..

2.5 18.2

4.1 5.6 0.0 5.0 ..

5.7a 81.6a 0.0 23.3a 15.6a

19.4 92.4 10.8 40.6 36.3

.. .. 0.9a

.. .. 7.1a

1.3 284.4 41.6

68 72.1 130

.. 99 28.5 95.5 43 14,580

.. .. ..

0.4 12.5 211.3

9.4 14.9 17.8

.. .. 5.0

.. .. 12.0

17.6 14.7 29.1

0.27 0.0

0.29 0.3

0.42 18.5

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2014

107

Ireland High income

2005

Highincome group 2012 2012

4 60 42,380 4.7 .. 96

5 1,300 63 80 39,020 38,412 -0.4 1.0 .. .. 106 93

Country data

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

Sector structure Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Yes Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Private Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) International gateway(s) C Mobile telephone service C Internet service C Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) A Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) A Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

108

2014

Yes Private C C C R A

2.4 10.1

1.6 23.9

2.7 17.6

49.4 102.7 7.8 55.0 47.2

43.9 107.2 22.7 83.0 81.0

43.6 122.9 26.2 77.7 75.5

.. 115.4 41.6

.. 167.1 79.0

.. 113.6 75.4

99 34.8 14,211

99 100 93.1 95.9 97,097 85,990

.. .. ..

27.8 46.0 34.8

25.2 20.6 29.2

22.4 23.8 57.1

5.8 9.0 66.3

8.9 10.8 30.8

0.73 353.9

0.54 700.5

0.67 827.6

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology

Isle of Man High income

2005

Highincome group 2012 2012

0.08 51 38,440 5.8 .. ..

0.09 1,300 51 80 .. 38,412 .. 1.0 .. .. .. 93

Country data

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%) Sector structure Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) International gateway(s) Mobile telephone service Internet service Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

.. ..

.. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. ..

.. ..

2.7 17.6

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

43.6 122.9 26.2 77.7 75.5

.. .. ..

.. .. ..

.. 113.6 75.4

.. .. ..

.. 100 .. 95.9 .. 85,990

.. .. ..

.. .. ..

25.2 20.6 29.2

.. .. ..

.. .. ..

8.9 10.8 30.8

.. .. 24.9 2,220.9

0.67 827.6

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2014

109

Israel High income

2005

Highincome group 2012 2012

7 92 20,140 2.0 .. 92

8 1,300 92 80 32,030 38,412 4.4 1.0 .. .. 92 93

Country data

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

Sector structure Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator No Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Mixed Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) International gateway(s) .. Mobile telephone service C Internet service C Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) R Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) A Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

110

2014

4.1 ..

No Mixed C C C R A

2.6 12.0

2.7 17.6

44.5 117.5 18.6 60.0 42.0

47.0 120.7 25.3 82.1a 73.4a

43.6 122.9 26.2 77.7 75.5

.. .. 25.2

.. .. 73.4a

.. 113.6 75.4

99 73.3 10,218

99 100 100.0 95.9 56,170 85,990

.. .. ..

18.2 36.2 38.3

25.2 20.6 29.2

7.5 9.7 55.4

11.7 8.9 59.3

8.9 10.8 30.8

0.74 162.8

0.85 275.4

0.67 827.6

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology

Italy High income

2005

Highincome group 2012 2012

59 68 30,880 0.9 98 90

60 1,300 69 80 34,640 38,412 -0.7 1.0 99 .. 90 93

Country data

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

Sector structure Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Yes Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Mixed Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) International gateway(s) .. Mobile telephone service C Internet service C Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) A Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) A Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

Yes Mixed .. P C A A

2.4 23.2

1.8 21.3

2.7 17.6

42.7 121.9 11.6 46.0 38.6

35.4 159.8 22.1 67.0 63.0

43.6 122.9 26.2 77.7 75.5

.. 87.7 35.0

.. 108.8 58.0

.. 113.6 75.4

100 38.5 5,834

99 100 97.5 95.9 76,346 85,990

.. .. ..

28.8 31.9 28.0

25.2 20.6 29.2

3.1 7.1 34.2

2.1 6.2 34.9

8.9 10.8 30.8

0.67 44.2

0.58 200.3

0.67 827.6

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2014

111

Jamaica Latin America & Caribbean

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2012 2012

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

3 52 .. .. .. 80

Sector structure Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Yes Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Mixed Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) International gateway(s) C Mobile telephone service C Internet service C Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) A Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) No Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

112

2014

3 52 5,130 –1.0 87 ..

2,391 61 6,969 6.2 94 76

Yes Mixed C C C A A

6.6 19.0

4.2 23.2

2.5 18.2

11.9 73.9 1.7 12.7a 5.1a

9.6 96.3 4.3 32.6a 23.0a

19.4 92.4 10.8 40.6 36.3

41.3 33.5 12.8a

80.8 194.7 46.5a

1.3 284.4 41.6

95 96.4 5,826

.. 99 97.9 95.5 20,193 14,580

.. .. ..

15.0 10.5 29.2

9.4 14.9 17.8

0.3 5.0 8.3

0.4 2.5 9.4

17.6 14.7 29.1

0.47 14.4

0.31 44.3

0.42 18.5

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology

Japan High income

2005

Highincome group 2012 2012

128 86 39,140 1.3 .. 86

128 1,300 92 80 47,870 38,412 0.1 1.0 .. .. 89 93

Country data

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

Sector structure Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator No Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Private Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) International gateway(s) C Mobile telephone service C Internet service C Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) A Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) A Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

No Private C C C A A

2.9 14.3

2.8 10.8

2.7 17.6

45.7 76.0 18.4 80.5 57.0

50.5 110.9 27.7 80.0 86.0

43.6 122.9 26.2 77.7 75.5

23.6 97.6 66.9

1.9 90.4 79.1

.. 113.6 75.4

99 44.0 2,589

100 100 89.9 95.9 32,827 85,990

.. .. ..

29.0 30.7 26.6

25.2 20.6 29.2

16.9 13.5 19.8

9.1 10.2 20.7

8.9 10.8 30.8

0.77 257.7

0.86 741.6

0.67 827.6

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2014

113

Jordan Middle East & North Africa

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2012 2012

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

5 81 2,490 6.3 91 83

Sector structure Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Yes Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Mixed Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) International gateway(s) C Mobile telephone service P Internet service C Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) A Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) A Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

114

2014

6 83 4,670 5.2 96 79

2,391 61 6,969 6.2 94 76

Yes Mixed C P C A A

8.5 20.5

5.4 12.0

2.5 18.2

12.0 59.9 0.4 23.0 8.0

6.2 128.2 2.8 54.6a 43.6a

19.4 92.4 10.8 40.6 36.3

15.4 111.8 12.9

16.0 297.2 41.0a

1.3 284.4 41.6

99 12.0 457

99 99 99.6 95.5 5,219 14,580

.. .. ..

9.4 7.8 18.7

9.4 14.9 17.8

3.2 6.9 ..

1.5 4.1 ..

17.6 14.7 29.1

0.55 3.7

0.39 25.8

0.42 18.5

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology

Kazakhstan Europe & Central Asia

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2012 2012

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

15 55 2,930 10.1 .. 92

17 54 9,780 5.7 100 92

Sector structure Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Yes Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Mixed Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) International gateway(s) .. Mobile telephone service C Internet service .. Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) .. Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) No Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

2,391 61 6,969 6.2 94 76

No Mixed C P C R A

2.8 5.3

2.0 18.0

2.5 18.2

18.0 35.8 0.0 15.6a 5.0

26.8 185.8 9.8 63.0a 52.6a

19.4 92.4 10.8 40.6 36.3

7.2 41.1 3.0

.. 97.0 53.3a

1.3 284.4 41.6

81 1.0 108

95 99 96.5 95.5 32,028 14,580

.. .. ..

3.2 11.3 13.2

9.4 14.9 17.8

0.1 4.0 11.2

0.4 5.8 10.6

17.6 14.7 29.1

0.47 0.9

0.78 9.5

0.42 18.5

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2014

115

Kenya Sub-Saharan Africa

Low income Lowincome group 2012 2012

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

36 22 520 3.4 72 59

Sector structure Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Yes Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Public Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) International gateway(s) P Mobile telephone service P Internet service C Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) R Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) A Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

116

2014

43 24 860 4.3 .. 67

846 28 590 5.9 61 60

Yes Mixed C C C R A

4.7 76.3

4.1 48.0

5.0 ..

0.8 12.9 0.0 2.6 1.2

0.6 71.2 0.1 10.8a 11.5a

1.0 47.2 0.2 4.2 3.4

3.8 12.7 3.1

3.8 78.1 32.1a

.. 70.1 6.2

62 6.7 102

89 61.6 23,715

.. 30.9 9,141

.. .. ..

12.6 3.7 33.7

8.9 11.9 46.9

0.2 4.1 ..

1.4 7.2 ..

.. .. ..

0.35 0.3

0.43 4.8

0.20 1.1

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology

Kiribati East Asia & Pacific

Lower middle income Lower middleincome Country data group 2005 2012 2012

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

0.09 44 1,800 2.0 .. 77

Sector structure Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator No Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Public Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) International gateway(s) .. Mobile telephone service .. Internet service .. Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) .. Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) No Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

0.10 44 2,520 1.5 .. 75

2,507 39 1,893 6.0 71 64

Yes Public .. P C .. No

.. ..

.. ..

2.5 20.5

4.6 0.7 0.4 6.0 2.5

8.9 15.9 1.0 .. ..

5.4 83.1 1.4 15.0 12.4

.. .. 4.0a

.. .. 10.7a

6.5 .. 18.7

.. .. ..

.. .. 4,155

86 58.2 8,076

.. .. ..

12.9 18.1 428.3

4.9 10.5 20.6

0.9 1.3 ..

1.9 1.5 ..

4.6 7.2 47.1

0.00 ..

0.07 9.8

0.32 4.4

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2014

117

Korea, Dem. People’s Rep. East Asia & Pacific

Low income Lowincome group 2012 2012

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

24 60 .. .. .. ..

Sector structure Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator No Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Public Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) International gateway(s) .. Mobile telephone service .. Internet service .. Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) .. Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) B Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

118

2014

25 60 .. .. 100 ..

846 28 590 5.9 61 60

No Public .. .. .. No B

.. ..

.. ..

5.0 ..

4.2 0.0 0.0 .. ..

4.8 6.9 0.0 .. ..

1.0 47.2 0.2 4.2 3.4

.. .. 0.0

.. .. 0.0a

.. 70.1 6.2

0 .. ..

.. .. ..

.. 30.9 9,141

.. .. ..

.. .. ..

8.9 11.9 46.9

.. .. ..

.. .. ..

.. .. ..

0.00 ..

0.12 0.0

0.20 1.1

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology

Korea, Rep. High income

2005

Highincome group 2012 2012

48 81 16,900 4.5 .. 98

50 1,300 83 80 22,670 38,412 3.4 1.0 .. .. 100 93

Country data

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

Sector structure Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Yes Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Private Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) International gateway(s) .. Mobile telephone service C Internet service C Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) R Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) A Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

Yes Private C P C R A

4.7 14.4

4.3 15.7

2.7 17.6

50.8 81.5 25.9 79.7a 92.7

61.4 109.4 37.2 82.3 97.4

43.6 122.9 26.2 77.7 75.5

3.2 163.0 84.1

.. 113.6 75.4

3.2 175.8 73.5 80 100.0 1,440

100 100 100.0 95.9 25,815 85,990

.. .. ..

6.1 7.4 27.1

25.2 20.6 29.2

30.0 15.2 19.9

17.2 9.8 21.6

8.9 10.8 30.8

0.83 20.0

1.00 1,999.1

0.67 827.6

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2014

119

Kosovo Europe & Central Asia

Lower middle income Lower middleincome Country data group 2005 2012 2012

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%) Sector structure Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) International gateway(s) Mobile telephone service Internet service Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

120

2014

2 .. 2,520 6.4 .. ..

2 .. 3,600 4.7 .. ..

2,507 39 1,893 6.0 71 64

.. ..

.. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. ..

.. ..

2.5 20.5

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

5.4 83.1 1.4 15.0 12.4

.. .. ..

.. .. ..

6.5 .. 18.7

.. .. ..

.. .. ..

86 58.2 8,076

.. .. ..

.. .. ..

4.9 10.5 20.6

.. .. 4.7

.. .. 20.7

4.6 7.2 47.1

.. ..

.. ..

0.32 4.4

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology

Kuwait High income

2005

Highincome group 2012 2012

2 98 34,160 9.0 93 86

3 1,300 98 80 44,880 38,412 1.4 1.0 94 .. .. 93

Country data

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

Sector structure Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator No Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Public Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) International gateway(s) M Mobile telephone service P Internet service P Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) R Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) B Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

No Public M M P R B

3.5 27.0

.. ..

2.7 17.6

22.0 60.2 1.1 32.0 27.0

15.7 156.9 1.4 75.0a 65.2a

43.6 122.9 26.2 77.7 75.5

.. .. 25.9

.. .. 79.2a

.. 113.6 75.4

100 8.8 1,481

100a 100 .. 95.9 5,444 85,990

.. .. ..

8.6 7.8 19.2

25.2 20.6 29.2

0.2 5.0 52.2

0.3 6.4 34.5

8.9 10.8 30.8

0.52 34.8

0.58 184.9

0.67 827.6

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2014

121

Kyrgyz Republic Europe & Central Asia

Low income Lowincome group 2012 2012

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

5 35 450 4.1 .. 79

Sector structure Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Yes Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Mixed Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) International gateway(s) C Mobile telephone service C Internet service C Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) R Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) No Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

122

2014

6 35 990 4.2 99 75

846 28 590 5.9 61 60

Yes Mixed C C C A No

4.5 3.2

6.7 18.6

5.0 ..

8.7 10.7 0.0 1.0a 0.8a

8.9 124.2 0.9 6.9a 6.3a

1.0 47.2 0.2 4.2 3.4

.. .. 10.5

14.8 394.7 21.7a

.. 70.1 6.2

42 16.2 516

98 33.6 3,875

.. 30.9 9,141

.. .. ..

1.4 5.7 12.5

8.9 11.9 46.9

0.1 3.3 26.4

0.1 2.3 15.9

.. .. ..

0.42 0.6

0.42 5.5

0.20 1.1

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology

Lao PDR East Asia & Pacific

Lower middle income Lower middleincome Country data group 2005 2012 2012

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

6 27 450 6.2 73 58

Sector structure Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator No Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Public Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) International gateway(s) M Mobile telephone service P Internet service P Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) R Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) B Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

7 35 1,270 8.0 .. 60

2,507 39 1,893 6.0 71 64

Yes Mixed M P P R No

1.7 63.0

1.7 8.9

2.5 20.5

1.6 11.4 0.0 2.0 1.0

1.8 64.7 0.1 8.7a 5.1a

5.4 83.1 1.4 15.0 12.4

.. 59.6 0.9

5.9 11.2 10.7a

6.5 .. 18.7

55 5.0 406

72 27.6 9,397

86 58.2 8,076

.. .. ..

4.6 6.2 97.2

4.9 10.5 20.6

.. .. ..

.. .. ..

4.6 7.2 47.1

0.24 0.3

0.22 1.0

0.32 4.4

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2014

123

Latvia High income

2005

Highincome group 2012 2012

2 68 7,000 8.0 100 95

2 1,300 68 80 14,060 38,412 -1.1 1.0 100 .. 89 93

Country data

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

Sector structure Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Yes Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Mixed Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) International gateway(s) .. Mobile telephone service C Internet service C Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) A Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) A Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

124

2014

Yes Mixed .. P C A A

4.0 ..

3.6 25.9

2.7 17.6

32.8 84.0 2.7 32.0 30.5

24.3a 112.1a 23.3a 70.0 69.0

43.6 122.9 26.2 77.7 75.5

3.7 72.2 46.0

.. .. 74.0

.. 113.6 75.4

98 83.2 2,713

.. 100 .. 95.9 59,027 85,990

.. .. ..

10.9 13.3 13.8

25.2 20.6 29.2

2.0 5.8 15.9

6.1 6.0 20.5

8.9 10.8 30.8

0.59 38.9

0.59 266.1

0.67 827.6

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology

Lebanon Middle East & North Africa

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2012 2012

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

4 87 5,800 4.0 90 78

4 87 9,190 6.1 .. 75

Sector structure Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator No Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Public Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) International gateway(s) .. Mobile telephone service C Internet service C Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) .. Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) B Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

2,391 61 6,969 6.2 94 76

Yes Public M M C R B

7.9 ..

.. ..

2.5 18.2

15.9 24.9 3.3 24.0 4.4

18.7 80.8 9.7 79.7a 64.0a

19.4 92.4 10.8 40.6 36.3

88.5 190.6 10.1

44.4 189.4 61.2a

1.3 284.4 41.6

100 56.5 717

99 99 61.9 95.5 18,445 14,580

.. .. ..

10.3 20.9 17.6

9.4 14.9 17.8

1.8 3.3 42.4

0.6 2.2 56.8

17.6 14.7 29.1

0.48 8.5

0.48 39.8

0.42 18.5

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2014

125

Lesotho Sub-Saharan Africa

Lower middle income Lower middleincome Country data group 2005 2012 2012

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

2 23 910 2.8 86 64

Sector structure Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Yes Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Mixed Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) International gateway(s) M Mobile telephone service C Internet service C Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) A Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) B Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

126

2014

2 28 1,380 5.0 76 65

2,507 39 1,893 6.0 71 64

Yes Mixed C C C A No

0.6 20.9

4.5 12.2

2.5 20.5

2.5 13.0 0.0 3.0 0.6

2.5 75.3 0.1 5.9a 3.7a

5.4 83.1 1.4 15.0 12.4

.. 26.2 2.6a

31.1 21.4 4.6a

6.5 .. 18.7

29 1.8 86

81 4.1 6,330

86 58.2 8,076

.. .. ..

13.8 19.8 85.4

4.9 10.5 20.6

3.3 1.1 11.9

5.8 2.7 18.0

4.6 7.2 47.1

0.38 0.5

0.30 0.5

0.32 4.4

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology

Liberia Sub-Saharan Africa

Low income Lowincome group 2012 2012

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

3 46 120 –1.0 55 ..

Sector structure Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Yes Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Public Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) International gateway(s) .. Mobile telephone service C Internet service .. Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) A Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) B Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

4 49 370 11.6 .. ..

846 28 590 5.9 61 60

Yes Public C P C No C

8.1 ..

.. ..

5.0 ..

0.1 4.9 0.0 0.8 ..

0.0 57.1 0.0 2.0a 1.5a

1.0 47.2 0.2 4.2 3.4

.. 0.0 0.6a

11.1 52.0 3.8a

.. 70.1 6.2

16 .. ..

.. .. 2,006

.. 30.9 9,141

.. .. ..

.. .. ..

8.9 11.9 46.9

.. .. ..

.. .. ..

.. .. ..

0.22 ..

0.19 0.9

0.20 1.1

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2014

127

Libya Middle East & North Africa

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2012 2012

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

6 77 6,660 4.7 86 94

Sector structure Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator No Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Public Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) International gateway(s) .. Mobile telephone service M Internet service .. Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) .. Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) B Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

128

2014

6 78 12,930 4.5 90 ..

2,391 61 6,969 6.2 94 76

Yes Public .. M .. .. B

.. ..

.. ..

2.5 18.2

15.2a 35.7 0.0 5.0 3.0

13.2a 155.8a 1.1a 17.6a 13.7a

19.4 92.4 10.8 40.6 36.3

13.4 84.0 3.9a

.. .. 14.0a

1.3 284.4 41.6

71 .. 456

98 99 8.2 95.5 14,044 14,580

.. .. ..

.. .. ..

9.4 14.9 17.8

.. 4.8 ..

.. 3.6 ..

17.6 14.7 29.1

0.35 0.2

0.00 3.4

0.42 18.5

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology

Liechtenstein High income Highincome group 2012 2012

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

0.03 0.04 1,300 15 14 80 92,660 136,770 38,412 0.5 3.0 1.0 .. .. .. 86 88 93

Sector structure Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Yes Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Public Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) International gateway(s) .. Mobile telephone service P Internet service C Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) .. Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) .. Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

Yes Public C C C A ..

0.8 ..

.. ..

2.7 17.6

57.6 79.2 24.8 .. ..

50.4 97.4 30.5 .. ..

43.6 122.9 26.2 77.7 75.5

.. .. 63.4

.. 11.7 89.4a

.. 113.6 75.4

94 54.9 6,813

100 100 92.7 95.9 6,022 85,990

.. .. ..

29.0 23.4 47.1

25.2 20.6 29.2

.. .. ..

.. .. ..

8.9 10.8 30.8

0.55 1,410.5

0.59 8,216.2

0.67 827.6

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2014

129

Lithuania High income

2005

Highincome group 2012 2012

3 67 7,590 8.0 100 96

3 1,300 67 80 13,820 38,412 0.8 1.0 100 .. 97 93

Country data

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

Sector structure Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Yes Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Mixed Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) International gateway(s) C Mobile telephone service C Internet service C Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) A Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) A Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

130

2014

Yes Mixed .. C C A A

3.5 15.6

1.7 138.3

2.7 17.6

24.4 132.5 7.1 32.0 15.8

22.3 165.1 21.1 64.0 62.0

43.6 122.9 26.2 77.7 75.5

6.0 55.7 36.2

6.1 124.5 68.0

.. 113.6 75.4

100 90.9 4,188

98 100 99.4 95.9 76,193 85,990

.. .. ..

13.9 10.8 12.1

25.2 20.6 29.2

5.3 6.4 8.2

2.3 3.6 9.0

8.9 10.8 30.8

0.66 22.3

0.70 248.6

0.67 827.6

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology

Luxembourg High income

2005

Highincome group 2012 2012

0.47 84 69,180 3.5 .. 76

0.53 1,300 86 80 71,640 38,412 0.9 1.0 .. .. 78 93

Country data

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

Sector structure Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Yes Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Public Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) International gateway(s) C Mobile telephone service C Internet service C Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) A Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) A Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

Yes Public C C C A A

1.5 18.3

1.2 25.9

2.7 17.6

53.4 111.4 15.3 75.0 64.6

50.9 145.4 32.4 92.0 93.0

43.6 122.9 26.2 77.7 75.5

74.2 79.7 70.0

69.1 84.4 92.0

.. 113.6 75.4

99 100 100 58.9 100.0 95.9 29,486 4,088,456 85,990 .. .. ..

28.5 27.7 40.3

25.2 20.6 29.2

7.9 8.4 16.4

2.7 4.1 21.7

8.9 10.8 30.8

0.75 473.0

0.70 2,258.1

0.67 827.6

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2014

131

Macao SAR, China High income

2005

Highincome group 2012 2012

0.47 100 24,080 12.8 93 92

0.56 1,300 100 80 55,720 38,412 12.6 1.0 96 .. 82 93

Country data

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%) Sector structure Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) International gateway(s) Mobile telephone service Internet service Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

132

2014

.. ..

.. ..

.. .. .. .. No

.. .. .. .. No

2.5 16.8

1.7 11.2

2.7 17.6

37.3 113.8 14.5 68.1 56.9a

29.2 289.8 26.0 85.8a 81.0a

43.6 122.9 26.2 77.7 75.5

37.5 123.1 34.9

30.1 .. 64.3a

.. 113.6 75.4

100 76.8 9,803

100 100 99.6 95.9 59,233 85,990

.. .. ..

8.4 5.7 7.9

25.2 20.6 29.2

2.8 9.7 0.9

14.9 14.5 1.3

8.9 10.8 30.8

.. 55.5

.. 311.0

0.67 827.6

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology

Macedonia, FYR Europe & Central Asia

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2012 2012

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

2 59 2,830 1.9 96 68

2 59 4,620 2.9 97 70

Sector structure Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Yes Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Mixed Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) International gateway(s) M Mobile telephone service C Internet service C Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) A Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) No Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

2,391 61 6,969 6.2 94 76

Yes Mixed .. C C .. A

5.5 9.8

4.9 14.0

2.5 18.2

25.5 54.1 0.6 24.9 12.5

19.4 106.2 13.7 58.4a 56.8a

19.4 92.4 10.8 40.6 36.3

.. 28.7 26.5a

9.0 149.3 63.1a

1.3 284.4 41.6

99 11.5 62

100 99 92.2 95.5 30,836 14,580

.. .. ..

9.1 13.3 13.5

9.4 14.9 17.8

0.4 4.3 20.7

0.3 4.0 24.0

17.6 14.7 29.1

0.49 0.5

0.45 51.7

0.42 18.5

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2014

133

Madagascar Sub-Saharan Africa

Low income Lowincome group 2012 2012

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

18 29 290 2.0 71 60

Sector structure Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Yes Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Mixed Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) International gateway(s) C Mobile telephone service C Internet service C Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) R Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) B Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

134

2014

2.6 32.8

22 33 430 2.3 64 66

846 28 590 5.9 61 60

Yes Mixed .. C C R C

3.2 31.3

5.0 ..

0.5 2.8 0.0 0.5 0.4a

1.1 39.4 0.0 2.9a 2.7a

1.0 47.2 0.2 4.2 3.4

14.7 7.7 0.6a

0.9 2.4 2.1a

.. 70.1 6.2

23 0.0 327

.. 65.0 493

.. 30.9 9,141

.. .. ..

8.8 17.7 63.7

8.9 11.9 46.9

0.3 4.6 19.6

0.1 2.4 ..

.. .. ..

0.31 0.2

0.32 0.7

0.20 1.1

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology

Malawi Sub-Saharan Africa

Low income Lowincome group 2012 2012

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

13 15 220 2.5 .. 64

Sector structure Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Yes Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Public Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) International gateway(s) .. Mobile telephone service P Internet service P Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) R Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) B Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

16 16 320 3.6 61 69

846 28 590 5.9 61 60

Yes Mixed C P P R C

3.4 ..

3.4 ..

5.0 ..

0.8 3.3 0.0 .. ..

1.4 29.2 0.0 4.0 5.5

1.0 47.2 0.2 4.2 3.4

.. .. 0.4

.. 5.2 4.4a

.. 70.1 6.2

70 2.7 392

85 0.3 2,803

.. 30.9 9,141

.. .. ..

21.5 21.0 48.1

8.9 11.9 46.9

0.2 3.5 6.7

0.2 3.5 27.1

.. .. ..

0.29 0.2

0.22 0.9

0.20 1.1

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2014

135

Malaysia East Asia & Pacific

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2012 2012

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

26 68 5,240 5.1 89 71

Sector structure Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Yes Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Mixed Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) International gateway(s) C Mobile telephone service C Internet service C Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) R Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) A Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

136

2014

29 73 9,820 4.4 93 ..

2,391 61 6,969 6.2 94 76

Yes Private C C C R A

4.6 22.5

4.6 14.4

2.5 18.2

16.9 75.6 1.9 28.2 15.0a

15.7 141.3 8.4 66.9 64.7

19.4 92.4 10.8 40.6 36.3

.. .. 48.6

.. .. 65.8

1.3 284.4 41.6

93 11.6 254

97 99 27.6 95.5 16,424 14,580

.. .. ..

5.4 7.4 21.6

9.4 14.9 17.8

43.4 38.0 19.4

27.9 23.1 27.9

17.6 14.7 29.1

0.61 14.6

0.79 66.8

0.42 18.5

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology

Maldives South Asia

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2012 2012

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

0.30 34 3,420 7.1 98 77

0.34 42 5,750 7.0 .. ..

Sector structure Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Yes Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Mixed Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) International gateway(s) .. Mobile telephone service M Internet service M Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) .. Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) B Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

2,391 61 6,969 6.2 94 76

Yes Mixed .. P .. A C

9.6 15.2

.. ..

2.5 18.2

10.9 68.4 1.1 26.1a 7.0a

6.8 165.6 5.3 67.2a 34.3a

19.4 92.4 10.8 40.6 36.3

.. 55.8 6.9

32.7 218.4 38.9a

1.3 284.4 41.6

91 71.7 2,593

100 99 100.0 95.5 25,479 14,580

.. .. ..

3.6 6.0 8.2

9.4 14.9 17.8

0.2 11.2 ..

.. 4.3 ..

17.6 14.7 29.1

0.45 6.7

0.33 87.0

0.42 18.5

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2014

137

Mali Sub-Saharan Africa

Low income Lowincome group 2012 2012

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

12 31 440 5.9 26 48

Sector structure Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Yes Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Public Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) International gateway(s) .. Mobile telephone service P Internet service C Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) .. Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) B Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

138

2014

4.7 25.8

15 36 660 4.4 33 57

846 28 590 5.9 61 60

Yes Mixed P P C A B

6.3 24.2

5.0 ..

0.6 6.4 0.0 1.0a 0.7a

0.8 98.4 0.0 7.7a 2.5a

1.0 47.2 0.2 4.2 3.4

5.0 9.9 0.5

5.2 19.3 2.2a

.. 70.1 6.2

20 45.7 429

.. 11.3 5,292

.. 30.9 9,141

.. .. ..

8.3 15.5 50.0

8.9 11.9 46.9

0.2 2.2 21.9

0.0 3.6 33.9

.. .. ..

0.16 0.1

0.32 1.0

0.20 1.1

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology

Malta High income

2005

Highincome group 2012 2012

0.40 94 14,380 0.8 92 77

0.42 1,300 95 80 19,710 38,412 1.9 1.0 .. .. 81 93

Country data

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

Sector structure Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Yes Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Mixed Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) International gateway(s) C Mobile telephone service C Internet service C Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) A Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) A Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

Yes Private C C C A A

5.4 15.1

3.0 22.3

2.7 17.6

48.7 78.1 12.4 46.0 40.6

53.7 127.0 32.0 78.0 77.0

43.6 122.9 26.2 77.7 75.5

.. 40.3 41.2

10.3 86.3 70.0

.. 113.6 75.4

99 100 100 57.9 100.0 95.9 4,531 625,752 85,990 .. .. ..

13.6 28.2 19.3

25.2 20.6 29.2

45.2 25.5 15.3

20.2 10.9 12.3

8.9 10.8 30.8

0.66 0.61 331.8 1,488.0

0.67 827.6

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2014

139

Marshall Islands East Asia & Pacific

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2012 2012

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

0.05 70 3,560 1.8 .. 69

Sector structure Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator No Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Mixed Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) International gateway(s) .. Mobile telephone service .. Internet service .. Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) .. Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) B Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

140

2014

0.05 72 4,040 1.2 .. ..

2,391 61 6,969 6.2 94 76

No Mixed M M M A B

5.0 ..

.. ..

2.5 18.2

10.6 1.3 0.0 .. ..

.. .. 0.0 .. ..

19.4 92.4 10.8 40.6 36.3

.. .. 3.9

.. .. 10.0a

1.3 284.4 41.6

.. 0.0 1,153

.. 99 .. 95.5 8,562 14,580

.. .. ..

45.8 22.2 50.0

9.4 14.9 17.8

.. .. ..

.. .. ..

17.6 14.7 29.1

0.00 19.2

0.14 113.2

0.42 18.5

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology

Mauritania Sub-Saharan Africa

Lower middle income Lower middleincome Country data group 2005 2012 2012

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

3 40 690 4.5 51 45

Sector structure Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Yes Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Mixed Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) International gateway(s) C Mobile telephone service C Internet service C Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) A Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) B Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

4 42 1,110 4.2 59 49

2,507 39 1,893 6.0 71 64

Yes Mixed C C C A C

5.8 19.2

5.7 20.0

2.5 20.5

1.3 23.7 0.0 1.6a 0.6a

1.7 106.0 0.2 3.7a 3.4a

5.4 83.1 1.4 15.0 12.4

8.7 47.1 0.7

5.3 68.0 5.4a

6.5 .. 18.7

26 7.2 2,135

62 95.5 3,042

86 58.2 8,076

.. .. ..

17.6 14.6 22.3

4.9 10.5 20.6

.. 1.4 ..

.. 1.2 ..

4.6 7.2 47.1

0.20 0.3

0.08 2.1

0.32 4.4

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2014

141

Mauritius Sub-Saharan Africa

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2012 2012

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

1 42 5,360 3.3 84 77

Sector structure Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Yes Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Mixed Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) International gateway(s) C Mobile telephone service C Internet service C Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) A Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) A Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

142

2014

1 42 8,570 4.3 89 86

2,391 61 6,969 6.2 94 76

Yes Mixed C C C A A

4.4 12.9

3.1 55.5

2.5 18.2

29.5 54.2 0.4 22.5a 15.0a

28.2 119.9 11.2 40.6a 42.0a

19.4 92.4 10.8 40.6 36.3

14.5 80.8 15.2a

11.6 125.1 41.4a

1.3 284.4 41.6

100 6.3 832

99 99 96.2 95.5 16,125 14,580

.. .. ..

5.4 6.5 12.2

9.4 14.9 17.8

13.3 12.8 18.5

0.8 5.1 35.4

17.6 14.7 29.1

0.51 18.5

0.43 127.3

0.42 18.5

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology

Mexico Latin America & Caribbean

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2012 2012

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

111 76 7,710 1.7 92 73

121 78 9,640 1.9 94 76

Sector structure Yes Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Private Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) .. International gateway(s) C Mobile telephone service C Internet service R Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) No Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

2,391 61 6,969 6.2 94 76

Yes Private .. C C R No

2.5 15.9

2.6 22.2

2.5 18.2

17.6 42.6 1.7 18.6 8.9

16.7 83.4 10.5 32.2 26.0

19.4 92.4 10.8 40.6 36.3

.. 45.8 17.2a

.. 111.8 38.4

1.3 284.4 41.6

100 49.5 708

100 99 98.3 95.5 15,670 14,580

.. .. ..

19.2 23.4 17.6

9.4 14.9 17.8

18.0 17.1 ..

16.9 16.5 ..

17.6 14.7 29.1

0.59 7.8

0.73 26.5

0.42 18.5

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2014

143

Micronesia, Fed. Sts. East Asia & Pacific

Lower middle income Lower middleincome Country data group 2005 2012 2012

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

0.11 22 2,550 0.4 .. 75

Sector structure No Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Public Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) .. International gateway(s) C Mobile telephone service .. Internet service .. Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) No Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

144

2014

0.10 23 3,230 0.2 .. ..

2,507 39 1,893 6.0 71 64

No Public M M M R A

4.8 13.2

.. ..

2.5 20.5

11.7 13.3 0.0 .. ..

8.1 30.2 1.0 .. ..

5.4 83.1 1.4 15.0 12.4

.. 44.2 11.9

.. .. 26.0a

6.5 .. 18.7

.. 2.0 476

.. 46.9 1,930

86 58.2 8,076

.. .. ..

147.0 13.6 33.0

4.9 10.5 20.6

.. .. ..

.. .. ..

4.6 7.2 47.1

0.00 18.8

0.21 19.2

0.32 4.4

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology

Moldova Europe & Central Asia

Lower middle income Lower middleincome Country data group 2005 2012 2012

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

4 43 890 7.1 97 71

4 48 2,070 3.1 99 64

Sector structure Yes Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Public Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) C International gateway(s) C Mobile telephone service C Internet service A Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) No Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

2,507 39 1,893 6.0 71 64

Yes Public C C C A A

9.7 31.4

4.7 42.0

2.5 20.5

24.7 28.9 0.3 7.0 2.3a

34.3 102.0 11.9 44.5a 42.0a

5.4 83.1 1.4 15.0 12.4

22.2 36.4 14.6

17.2 103.1 43.4a

6.5 .. 18.7

97 17.0 744

.. 100.0 94,175

86 58.2 8,076

.. .. ..

0.5 13.2 12.8

4.9 10.5 20.6

0.3 3.6 21.2

0.3 3.3 25.3

4.6 7.2 47.1

0.45 4.2

0.52 25.3

0.32 4.4

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2014

145

Monaco High income Highincome group 2012 2012

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

0.03 0.04 1,300 100 100 80 128,380 186,950 38,412 1.7 .. 1.0 .. .. .. .. .. 93

Sector structure No Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Private Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) .. International gateway(s) M Mobile telephone service C Internet service A Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) .. Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

146

2014

5.4 7.6

No Private P M M A ..

.. ..

2.7 17.6

100.5 50.8 28.1 63.5a 40.1a

121.7 88.3 43.3 73.5a 70.9a

43.6 122.9 26.2 77.7 75.5

241.5 49.0 55.5

114.6 125.4 87.0a

.. 113.6 75.4

100 100 100 96.9 100.0 95.9 6,129 244,695 85,990 .. .. ..

21.2 52.6 45.9

25.2 20.6 29.2

.. .. ..

.. .. ..

8.9 10.8 30.8

0.00 709.9

0.36 2,736.8

0.67 827.6

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology

Mongolia East Asia & Pacific

Lower middle income Lower middleincome Country data group 2005 2012 2012

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

3 62 900 6.7 98 79

3 69 3,160 8.0 97 93

Sector structure Yes Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Mixed Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) C International gateway(s) P Mobile telephone service C Internet service R Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) A Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

2,507 39 1,893 6.0 71 64

Yes Mixed P P C R A

3.3 15.1

4.2 19.1

2.5 20.5

6.2 22.1 0.1 6.3a 2.3a

6.3 120.7 3.7 30.3 14.0

5.4 83.1 1.4 15.0 12.4

.. 0.3 9.0a

4.2 99.4 16.4

6.5 .. 18.7

29 20.0 5,138

91 98.8 94,295

86 58.2 8,076

.. .. ..

1.1 5.7 10.3

4.9 10.5 20.6

0.0 5.0 6.0

.. .. 20.7

4.6 7.2 47.1

0.47 3.2

0.59 22.2

0.32 4.4

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2014

147

Montenegro Europe & Central Asia

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2012 2012

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

0.62 62 3,650 2.8 .. 75

Sector structure Yes Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Mixed Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) C International gateway(s) C Mobile telephone service C Internet service .. Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) No Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

148

2014

0.62 63 7,220 3.1 98 89

2,391 61 6,969 6.2 94 76

Yes Mixed C C C A A

.. ..

.. ..

2.5 18.2

27.8 88.2 1.2 18.6 13.0a

26.2a 181.3 8.4 51.3 55.0

19.4 92.4 10.8 40.6 36.3

.. 110.7 27.1a

.. .. 56.8

1.3 284.4 41.6

99 9.5 1,438

100 99 .. 95.5 60,621 14,580

.. .. ..

8.3 17.5 19.5

9.4 14.9 17.8

.. .. 9.5

0.4 3.0 7.9

17.6 14.7 29.1

0.43 ..

0.51 37.0

0.42 18.5

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology

Morocco Middle East & North Africa

Lower middle income Lower middleincome Country data group 2005 2012 2012

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

30 55 1,980 5.0 52 59

33 57 2,960 4.7 67 67

Sector structure Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Yes Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Mixed Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) International gateway(s) C Mobile telephone service C Internet service C Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) A Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) C Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

2,507 39 1,893 6.0 71 64

Yes Mixed C C C A A

4.6 17.0

4.3 16.7

2.5 20.5

4.5 41.1 0.8 13.2 4.3

10.1 120.0 2.1 43.1 38.9

5.4 83.1 1.4 15.0 12.4

12.7 7.8 15.1

9.9 68.2 55.0

6.5 .. 18.7

98 95.0 1,562

99 99.7 14,871

86 58.2 8,076

.. .. ..

2.3 23.2 12.2

4.9 10.5 20.6

6.0 7.0 17.0

3.1 3.5 21.8

4.6 7.2 47.1

0.29 0.7

0.54 3.6

0.32 4.4

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2014

149

Mozambique Sub-Saharan Africa

Low income Lowincome group 2012 2012

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

21 30 290 8.5 48 52

Sector structure Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Yes Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Mixed Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) International gateway(s) C Mobile telephone service C Internet service C Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) R Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) B Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

150

2014

1.5 24.6

25 31 510 6.9 51 61

846 28 590 5.9 61 60

Yes Mixed C C C R B

6.2 21.7

5.0 ..

0.3 7.2 0.0 0.6a 0.8a

0.3 36.2 0.1 5.9a 4.7a

1.0 47.2 0.2 4.2 3.4

.. 25.6 0.9a

0.8 26.4 4.8a

.. 70.1 6.2

.. .. 106

.. 132.8 1,636

.. 30.9 9,141

.. .. ..

12.9 13.0 58.5

8.9 11.9 46.9

0.1 4.5 20.6

0.0 2.3 31.1

.. .. ..

0.26 0.1

0.37 1.6

0.20 1.1

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology

Myanmar East Asia & Pacific

Low income Lowincome group 2012 2012

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

50 29 .. 12.8 90 53

Sector structure Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator No Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Public Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) International gateway(s) M Mobile telephone service M Internet service P Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) .. Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) C Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

.. 8.6

1.0 0.3 0.0 0.3a 0.2a 15.2 .. 0.1

53 33 .. .. 93 ..

846 28 590 5.9 61 60

No Public M M M A B

.. ..

5.0 ..

1.1 10.3 0.0 2.3a 1.8a

1.0 47.2 0.2 4.2 3.4

.. .. 1.1a

.. 70.1 6.2

10 3.8 2,871

2 72.8 9,425

.. 30.9 9,141

.. .. ..

0.9 12.8 28.5

8.9 11.9 46.9

.. .. ..

0.0 1.7 ..

.. .. ..

0.29 0.0

0.10 0.1

0.20 1.1

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2014

151

Namibia Sub-Saharan Africa

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2012 2012

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

2 35 3,390 5.4 76 71

Sector structure Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Yes Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Public Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) International gateway(s) M Mobile telephone service M Internet service C Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) R Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) B Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

152

2014

2 39 5,610 4.1 .. ..

2,391 61 6,969 6.2 94 76

Yes Public C C C R A

4.1 7.5

3.2 12.3

2.5 18.2

6.9 22.1 0.0 6.9a 3.0a

7.6 95.0 1.2 14.3a 13.0a

19.4 92.4 10.8 40.6 36.3

.. .. 4.0a 88 0.2 443

6.0 1.3 92.6 284.4 12.9a 41.6 100 99 .. 95.5 3,564 14,580

.. .. ..

12.8 16.0 68.7

9.4 14.9 17.8

0.5 4.8 4.7

0.6 3.1 27.0

17.6 14.7 29.1

0.34 6.9

0.30 18.2

0.42 18.5

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology

Nepal South Asia

Low income Lowincome group 2012 2012

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

25 15 320 3.3 49 64

Sector structure Yes Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Public Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) P International gateway(s) P Mobile telephone service C Internet service R Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) B Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

0.9 26.7

27 17 700 4.5 57 77

846 28 590 5.9 61 60

Yes Mixed C P C R A

.. ..

5.0 ..

1.9 0.9 0.0 1.9 0.7a

3.0 59.6 0.5 7.8a 4.1a

1.0 47.2 0.2 4.2 3.4

.. .. 0.8

.. .. 11.1a

.. 70.1 6.2

10 0.0 226

35 64.8 1,632

.. 30.9 9,141

.. .. ..

2.7 3.5 8.0

8.9 11.9 46.9

.. 4.5 27.2

0.2 5.3 41.5

.. .. ..

0.27 0.5

0.29 2.4

0.20 1.1

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2014

153

Netherlands High income

2005

Highincome group 2012 2012

16 80 39,880 1.2 .. 97

17 1,300 84 80 48,000 38,412 0.7 1.0 .. .. 106 93

Country data

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

Sector structure Yes Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Mixed Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) .. International gateway(s) P Mobile telephone service P Internet service A Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) A Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

154

2014

2.2 13.2

46.6 97.1 25.1 78.0 78.3 .. 38.8 81.0

Yes Mixed C C C A A

1.7 26.3

2.7 17.6

43.0 43.6 118.0 122.9 39.8 26.2 97.2a 77.7 94.0 75.5 .. 95.0 93.0

.. 113.6 75.4

100 100 100 73.2 100.0 95.9 25,338 172,864 85,990 .. .. ..

35.1 43.5 35.4

25.2 20.6 29.2

16.8 18.7 45.5

10.2 12.1 45.2

8.9 10.8 30.8

0.86 327.1

0.96 2,391.3

0.67 827.6

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology

New Caledonia High income

2005

Highincome group 2012 2012

0.23 63 .. .. .. ..

0.26 1,300 62 80 .. 38,412 .. 1.0 97 .. .. 93

Country data

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%) Sector structure Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) International gateway(s) Mobile telephone service Internet service Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)

.. ..

.. ..

.. .. .. .. B

.. .. .. .. A

Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)

.. ..

.. ..

Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

2.7 17.6

24.2 58.7 4.2 18.2 8.0a

31.6 43.6 91.2 122.9 18.9 26.2 28.2a 77.7 20.3a 75.5

.. 60.1 32.4

.. .. 58.0a

.. 113.6 75.4

75a 89 100 51.2 100.0 95.9 1,784 20,432 85,990 .. .. ..

.. .. ..

25.2 20.6 29.2

0.2 4.6 8.6

0.2 3.3 12.7

8.9 10.8 30.8

.. 68.3

.. 242.3

0.67 827.6

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2014

155

New Zealand High income

2005

Highincome group 2012 2012

4 86 25,150 4.0 .. 106

4 1,300 86 80 36,900 38,412 1.2 1.0 .. .. 107 93

Country data

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

Sector structure Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Yes Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Private Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) International gateway(s) C Mobile telephone service C Internet service C Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) A Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) A Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

156

2014

4.3 6.1

41.8 85.4 7.8 67.8a 62.1a .. 29.5 62.7a 98 27.8 1,764

Yes Private C C C A A

2.5 24.1

2.7 17.6

42.2 43.6 110.4 122.9 27.8 26.2 91.2a 77.7 87.4a 75.5 .. 73.6 89.5a

.. 113.6 75.4

97 100 90.5 95.9 31,062 85,990

.. .. ..

53.4 51.6 59.2

25.2 20.6 29.2

1.7 9.6 12.5

1.1 7.7 18.6

8.9 10.8 30.8

0.74 0.78 489.9 1,093.8

0.67 827.6

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology

Nicaragua Latin America & Caribbean

Lower middle income Lower middleincome Country data group 2005 2012 2012

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

5 56 1,160 3.1 78 ..

6 58 1,650 3.2 .. ..

Sector structure Yes Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Private Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) .. International gateway(s) C Mobile telephone service C Internet service A Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) B Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

2,507 39 1,893 6.0 71 64

Yes Private M C C A A

2.9 24.0

.. ..

2.5 20.5

4.0 20.5 0.2 3.8 0.1

5.0 86.1 1.6 9.9a 7.4a

5.4 83.1 1.4 15.0 12.4

.. .. 2.6

.. .. 13.5a

6.5 .. 18.7

70 45.0 43

100 100.0 24,725

86 58.2 8,076

.. .. ..

3.8 27.8 22.2

4.9 10.5 20.6

0.1 6.1 ..

0.2 4.1 18.7

4.6 7.2 47.1

0.37 2.0

0.31 8.4

0.32 4.4

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2014

157

Niger Sub-Saharan Africa

Low income Lowincome group 2012 2012

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

13 17 250 3.7 29 26

Sector structure Yes Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Mixed Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) .. International gateway(s) C Mobile telephone service M Internet service R Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) B Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

158

2014

2.2 56.5

17 18 390 5.2 .. 38

846 28 590 5.9 61 60

Yes Mixed .. C M R B

4.6 ..

5.0 ..

0.6 31.4 0.0 1.8a 1.4a

1.0 47.2 0.2 4.2 3.4

.. .. .. 18,471.9 0.2a 1.4a

.. 70.1 6.2

0.2 2.5 0.0 0.1a 0.0a

15 5.9 1,028

75 13.4 3,499

.. 30.9 9,141

.. .. ..

11.7 16.6 59.6

8.9 11.9 46.9

0.2 3.2 34.3

0.2 1.9 5.4

.. .. ..

0.11 0.1

0.20 0.2

0.20 1.1

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology

Nigeria Sub-Saharan Africa

Lower middle income Lower middleincome Country data group 2005 2012 2012

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

140 46 630 6.6 55 56

Sector structure Yes Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Public Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) .. International gateway(s) P Mobile telephone service C Internet service A Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) A Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

169 50 1,440 6.9 51 ..

2,507 39 1,893 6.0 71 64

Yes Mixed C C C A A

3.1 0.4

2.6 75.5

2.5 20.5

0.9 13.3 0.0 4.0 2.0a

0.2 66.8 0.0 11.4a 9.1a

5.4 83.1 1.4 15.0 12.4

6.2 27.4 3.5

4.6 37.6 32.9a

6.5 .. 18.7

58 .. 30

96 44.6 306

86 58.2 8,076

.. .. ..

9.5 9.8 39.0

4.9 10.5 20.6

0.0 3.9 1.6

0.0 5.5 4.4

4.6 7.2 47.1

0.31 0.2

0.22 1.7

0.32 4.4

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2014

159

Northern Mariana Islands High income

2005

Highincome group 2012 2012

0.06 91 .. .. .. ..

0.05 1,300 92 80 .. 38,412 .. 1.0 .. .. .. 93

Country data

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%) Sector structure Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) International gateway(s) Mobile telephone service Internet service Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

160

2014

.. ..

.. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. ..

.. ..

2.7 17.6

36.2 31.0 0.0 .. 30.9

43.1 .. 0.0 .. ..

43.6 122.9 26.2 77.7 75.5

.. .. ..

.. .. ..

.. 113.6 75.4

.. .. ..

.. 100 .. 95.9 .. 85,990

.. .. ..

.. .. ..

25.2 20.6 29.2

.. .. ..

.. .. ..

8.9 10.8 30.8

.. 83.6

.. 37.0

0.67 827.6

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology

Norway High income

2005

Highincome group 2012 2012

5 77 62,760 2.1 .. 99

5 1,300 80 80 98,780 38,412 0.8 1.0 .. .. 98 93

Country data

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

Sector structure Yes Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Mixed Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) .. International gateway(s) P Mobile telephone service C Internet service A Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) A Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

Yes Mixed C C C A A

1.6 ..

1.1 ..

2.7 17.6

45.6 102.8 21.4 74.0 64.0

28.0 116.7 36.3 92.0 93.0

43.6 122.9 26.2 77.7 75.5

.. 119.3 82.0

.. 174.7 95.0

.. 113.6 75.4

.. .. 100 69.8 100.0 95.9 11,346 187,809 85,990 .. .. ..

38.0 25.2 53.3

25.2 20.6 29.2

1.2 8.8 24.4

0.8 7.1 29.1

8.9 10.8 30.8

0.89 308.9

0.86 1,741.9

0.67 827.6

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2014

161

Oman High income

2005

Highincome group 2012 2012

3 72 10,780 3.1 81 68

3 1,300 74 80 19,450 38,412 5.7 1.0 87 .. 77 93

Country data

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

Sector structure Yes Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Mixed Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) M International gateway(s) P Mobile telephone service M Internet service R Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) B Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

162

2014

3.0 102.5

Yes Mixed C P C A A

2.4 10.8

2.7 17.6

10.5 52.9 0.5 37.2 15.5a

9.2 43.6 159.3 122.9 2.1 26.2 62.7a 77.7 41.9a 75.5

18.1 99.9 6.7

17.0 108.9 60.0a

92 24.4 2,960

.. 113.6 75.4

98 100 92.1 95.9 8,948 85,990

.. .. ..

13.2 8.7 26.0

25.2 20.6 29.2

0.2 4.4 21.9

0.1 3.0 24.1

8.9 10.8 30.8

0.47 4.0

0.67 62.8

0.67 827.6

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology

Pakistan South Asia

Lower middle income Lower middleincome Country data group 2005 2012 2012

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

158 34 710 5.0 50 41

Sector structure Yes Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Public Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) C International gateway(s) P Mobile telephone service C Internet service A Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) No Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

179 37 1,260 3.1 55 45

2,507 39 1,893 6.0 71 64

Yes Mixed C C C A A

2.2 61.0

2.0 39.7

2.5 20.5

3.3 8.1 0.0 8.1 ..

3.2 67.1 0.5 12.5a 8.3a

5.4 83.1 1.4 15.0 12.4

4.0 40.9 6.3

8.3 135.6 10.0a

6.5 .. 18.7

36 0.7 72

92 25.6 7,283

86 58.2 8,076

.. .. ..

3.5 3.5 14.5

4.9 10.5 20.6

0.5 8.7 17.9

0.2 4.4 20.1

4.6 7.2 47.1

0.32 0.3

0.37 1.3

0.32 4.4

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2014

163

Palau East Asia & Pacific

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2012 2012

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

0.02 78 8,910 3.2 .. ..

Sector structure .. Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Public Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) .. International gateway(s) .. Mobile telephone service .. Internet service .. Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) .. Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

164

2014

0.02 85 9,860 –1.9 .. ..

2,391 61 6,969 6.2 94 76

.. Public .. .. .. .. ..

.. ..

.. ..

2.5 18.2

40.1 30.4 0.5 18.5 ..

35.3 82.6 4.4 .. 19.0

19.4 92.4 10.8 40.6 36.3

50.7 .. 27.0

23.8 .. ..

1.3 284.4 41.6

30 7.6 1,123

98 99 79.2 95.5 .. 14,580

.. .. ..

.. .. ..

9.4 14.9 17.8

.. .. ..

1.0 2.5 ..

17.6 14.7 29.1

0.00 50.5

0.18 95.2

0.42 18.5

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology

Panama Latin America & Caribbean

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2012 2012

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

3 71 4,460 4.4 92 76

4 76 8,510 8.7 94 74

Sector structure Yes Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Mixed Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) .. International gateway(s) P Mobile telephone service C Internet service A Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) No Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

2,391 61 6,969 6.2 94 76

Yes Mixed C C C A A

3.7 ..

14.0 52.0 0.5 14.6a 8.1

2.5 ..

2.5 18.2

16.8 178.0 7.8 38.3 31.6

19.4 92.4 10.8 40.6 36.3

.. 61.3 11.5

6.7 1.3 79.2 284.4 45.2a 41.6

75 21.3 2,396

96 99 98.4 95.5 30,838 14,580

.. .. ..

9.5 12.6 14.0

9.4 14.9 17.8

0.1 9.1 10.6

7.9 8.1 8.1

17.6 14.7 29.1

0.47 54.1

0.46 89.8

0.42 18.5

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2014

165

Papua New Guinea East Asia & Pacific

Lower middle income Lower middleincome Country data group 2005 2012 2012

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

6 13 680 1.6 57 ..

Sector structure Yes Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Public Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) .. International gateway(s) M Mobile telephone service P Internet service .. Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) A Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

166

2014

.. ..

7 13 1,790 6.9 62 ..

2,507 39 1,893 6.0 71 64

Yes Public .. M P .. A

.. ..

2.5 20.5

1.0 1.2 0.0 2.0a 1.1a

1.9 37.8 0.1 3.2a 2.7a

5.4 83.1 1.4 15.0 12.4

.. .. 1.7

.. .. 2.3a

6.5 .. 18.7

.. .. 57

.. .. 4,849

86 58.2 8,076

.. .. ..

11.5 30.4 185.6

4.9 10.5 20.6

0.0 3.2 72.8

0.0 2.2 49.3

4.6 7.2 47.1

0.21 0.5

0.23 7.8

0.32 4.4

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology

Paraguay Latin America & Caribbean

Lower middle income Lower middleincome Country data group 2005 2012 2012

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

6 58 1,210 2.2 95 72

7 62 3,400 4.3 94 74

Sector structure Yes Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Public Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) .. International gateway(s) C Mobile telephone service C Internet service R Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) B Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

2,507 39 1,893 6.0 71 64

Yes Public C C C A A

3.5 ..

3.7 ..

2.5 20.5

5.4 32.0 0.1 8.7 1.7

6.1 101.6 1.2 24.3a 22.8a

5.4 83.1 1.4 15.0 12.4

.. .. 7.9

7.2 81.6 27.1a

6.5 .. 18.7

.. 9.3 737

94 98.3 11,585

86 58.2 8,076

.. .. ..

8.8 8.8 21.8

4.9 10.5 20.6

0.2 17.4 8.7

0.1 19.1 1.9

4.6 7.2 47.1

0.47 1.4

0.46 15.4

0.32 4.4

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2014

167

Peru Latin America & Caribbean

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2012 2012

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

28 75 2,700 4.3 88 81

Sector structure Yes Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Private Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) .. International gateway(s) C Mobile telephone service C Internet service A Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) A Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

168

2014

30 78 6,060 6.9 .. 82

2,391 61 6,969 6.2 94 76

Yes Private .. C C A A

2.7 17.9

2.7 16.7

2.5 18.2

8.7 20.1 1.3 8.2 3.5

11.4 98.0 4.7 29.9 20.2

19.4 92.4 10.8 40.6 36.3

13.7 40.5 17.1a

9.5 58.6 38.2

1.3 284.4 41.6

92 42.3 2,109

97 99 98.2 95.5 13,094 14,580

.. .. ..

12.3 12.8 18.0

9.4 14.9 17.8

0.2 8.4 13.9

0.1 7.8 15.1

17.6 14.7 29.1

0.53 5.2

0.52 21.4

0.42 18.5

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology

Philippines East Asia & Pacific

Lower middle income Lower middleincome Country data group 2005 2012 2012

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

86 48 1,210 4.7 93 78

97 49 2,500 4.8 95 76

Sector structure Yes Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Private Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) .. International gateway(s) C Mobile telephone service C Internet service R Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) A Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

2,507 39 1,893 6.0 71 64

Yes Private .. C C R A

4.2 24.4

2.4 24.0

2.5 20.5

3.9 40.5 0.1 6.6a 4.3a

4.1 106.5 2.2 16.9a 18.9a

5.4 83.1 1.4 15.0 12.4

.. .. 5.4a

.. .. 36.2a

6.5 .. 18.7

99a 34.5 14,269

86 58.2 8,076

99 8.5 694 .. .. ..

15.0 10.5 22.9

4.9 10.5 20.6

47.7 45.8 15.9

29.5 24.8 67.3

4.6 7.2 47.1

0.50 2.4

0.50 8.1

0.32 4.4

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2014

169

Poland High income

2005

Highincome group 2012 2012

38 61 7,270 3.2 100 87

39 1,300 61 80 12,660 38,412 4.2 1.0 100 .. 90 93

Country data

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

Sector structure Yes Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Mixed Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) C International gateway(s) C Mobile telephone service C Internet service A Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) A Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

170

2014

Yes Mixed C P C A A

3.8 16.1

2.7 14.9

2.7 17.6

31.0 76.3 2.5 40.0 30.4

15.6 140.3 15.5 73.0 70.0

43.6 122.9 26.2 77.7 75.5

.. 46.7 38.8

.. 105.9 65.0

.. 113.6 75.4

99 35.2 1,442

100 100 99.1 95.9 70,620 85,990

.. .. ..

21.6 11.3 19.9

25.2 20.6 29.2

4.0 7.9 19.6

7.0 8.2 33.7

8.9 10.8 30.8

0.61 22.0

0.54 312.2

0.67 827.6

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology

Portugal High income

2005

Highincome group 2012 2012

11 58 18,140 0.7 .. 89

11 1,300 62 80 20,640 38,412 –0.2 1.0 95 .. 97 93

Country data

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

Sector structure Yes Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Mixed Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) C International gateway(s) P Mobile telephone service C Internet service A Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) No Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

Yes Mixed C C C A A

4.8 9.9

4.0 11.6

2.7 17.6

40.3 108.9 11.1 42.5 31.5

43.0 116.1 22.5 66.0 61.0

43.6 122.9 26.2 77.7 75.5

15.7 80.6 35.0

.. 135.8 64.0

.. 113.6 75.4

99 99 100 81.1 99.0 95.9 2,378 195,537 85,990 .. .. ..

25.0 25.3 29.2

25.2 20.6 29.2

7.8 8.4 16.1

3.4 5.1 17.8

8.9 10.8 30.8

0.65 57.7

0.65 216.0

0.67 827.6

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2014

171

Puerto Rico High income

2005

Highincome group 2012 2012

4 98 14,120 1.5 91 ..

4 1,300 99 80 18,000 38,412 –1.1 1.0 90 .. 92 93

Country data

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%) Sector structure Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) International gateway(s) Mobile telephone service Internet service Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

172

2014

.. ..

.. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. ..

.. ..

2.7 17.6

27.6a 53.0 3.1 .. ..

19.1 43.6 82.6 122.9 15.5 26.2 60.0a 77.7 60.7a 75.5

.. .. 23.4a

.. .. 51.4a

.. 113.6 75.4

62 68 100 .. 99.9 95.9 2,272 136,866 85,990 .. .. ..

.. .. ..

25.2 20.6 29.2

.. .. ..

.. .. ..

8.9 10.8 30.8

.. 31.9

.. 106.5

0.67 827.6

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology

Qatar High income

2005

Highincome group 2012 2012

0.82 97 40,320 8.7 89 79

2 1,300 99 80 74,600 38,412 14.9 1.0 96 .. .. 93

Country data

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

Sector structure Yes Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Mixed Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) M International gateway(s) M Mobile telephone service M Internet service A Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) B Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

Yes Mixed P P P R A

1.8 26.3

1.1 14.2

2.7 17.6

25.0 87.3 3.1 65.7a 31.5a

19.2 126.9 10.5 91.5 88.1

43.6 122.9 26.2 77.7 75.5

79.1 .. 24.7

.. .. 88.1

.. 113.6 75.4

99 48.2 3,816

100 100 97.8 95.9 33,212 85,990

.. .. ..

9.1 18.7 54.9

25.2 20.6 29.2

0.0 4.8 ..

0.0 4.3 ..

8.9 10.8 30.8

0.53 20.7

0.74 161.8

0.67 827.6

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2014

173

Romania Europe & Central Asia

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2012 2012

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

21 53 3,920 6.0 97 75

Sector structure Yes Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Mixed Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) C International gateway(s) C Mobile telephone service C Internet service A Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) A Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

174

2014

20 53 8,560 1.8 98 81

2,391 61 6,969 6.2 94 76

Yes Mixed C C C A A

3.8 23.0

1.8 19.0

2.5 18.2

19.8 60.4 1.7 24.7 9.8a

21.4 105.0 16.2 57.0 54.0

19.4 92.4 10.8 40.6 36.3

10.2 57.2 21.5a

11.6 224.7 50.0

1.3 284.4 41.6

99 100 99 47.7 100.0 95.5 2,835 114,917 14,580 .. .. ..

13.0 25.7 9.5

9.4 14.9 17.8

2.2 6.7 19.2

5.0 6.8 37.3

17.6 14.7 29.1

0.54 5.4

0.52 68.7

0.42 18.5

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology

Russian Federation High income

2005

Highincome group 2012 2012

143 73 4,460 6.2 99 82

144 1,300 74 80 12,700 38,412 2.9 1.0 100 .. 84 93

Country data

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

Sector structure No Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Mixed Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) .. International gateway(s) C Mobile telephone service .. Internet service .. Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) No Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

No Mixed .. C .. .. No

2.9 32.1

2.3 21.3

2.7 17.6

27.9 83.4 1.1 25.0a 17.0a

30.1 43.6 182.9 122.9 14.5 26.2 60.6a 77.7 51.2a 75.5

.. .. 15.2

.. 115.2 53.3a

95 8.3 655

.. 113.6 75.4

.. 100 98.1 95.9 32,838 85,990

.. .. ..

4.1 11.1 10.2

25.2 20.6 29.2

0.2 7.8 23.7

0.3 7.5 31.9

8.9 10.8 30.8

0.51 2.4

0.66 51.9

0.67 827.6

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2014

175

Rwanda Sub-Saharan Africa

Low income Lowincome group 2012 2012

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

9 18 260 7.5 65 55

Sector structure Yes Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Mixed Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) .. International gateway(s) C Mobile telephone service C Internet service .. Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) B Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

176

2014

11 19 600 8.1 66 67

846 28 590 5.9 61 60

Yes Mixed P C C A A

2.7 22.7

2.8 40.1

5.0 ..

0.3 2.4 0.0 0.2 0.1

0.4 49.7 0.0 2.4a 2.4a

1.0 47.2 0.2 4.2 3.4

12.8 11.8 0.6a

3.3 48.9 8.0a

.. 70.1 6.2

75 40.0 1,030

98 69.6 6,585

.. 30.9 9,141

.. .. ..

9.0 14.7 111.7

8.9 11.9 46.9

1.2 8.4 8.4

0.2 7.8 3.8

.. .. ..

0.29 ..

0.34 2.5

0.20 1.1

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology

Samoa East Asia & Pacific

Lower middle income Lower middleincome Country data group 2005 2012 2012

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

0.18 21 2,100 4.9 99 ..

Sector structure No Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Public Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) M International gateway(s) M Mobile telephone service C Internet service R Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) B Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

0.19 20 3,260 0.7 99 ..

2,507 39 1,893 6.0 71 64

Yes Public C C C R A

5.0 ..

.. ..

2.5 20.5

10.8 13.3 0.0 .. ..

.. .. 0.1 .. ..

5.4 83.1 1.4 15.0 12.4

.. .. 3.4

.. .. 12.9a

6.5 .. 18.7

.. .. 1,492

.. .. 5,531

86 58.2 8,076

.. .. ..

12.7 18.1 42.7

4.9 10.5 20.6

0.1 2.0 10.1

0.1 2.7 7.8

4.6 7.2 47.1

0.38 5.6

0.28 26.3

0.32 4.4

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2014

177

San Marino High income

2005

Highincome group 2012 2012

0.03 94 41,080 3.2 .. ..

0.03 1,300 94 80 51,470 38,412 .. 1.0 .. .. 86 93

Country data

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

Sector structure No Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Mixed Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) .. International gateway(s) C Mobile telephone service .. Internet service .. Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) .. Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

178

2014

No Mixed .. C .. .. ..

0.4 50.0

.. ..

2.7 17.6

70.0 57.6 4.1 .. ..

59.8 115.2 31.7 .. ..

43.6 122.9 26.2 77.7 75.5

.. .. 50.3

.. .. 50.9a

.. 113.6 75.4

.. 98 100 22.2 75.4 95.9 10,358 628,959 85,990 .. .. ..

25.6 23.8 22.2

25.2 20.6 29.2

.. .. ..

.. .. ..

8.9 10.8 30.8

0.00 369.4

0.29 1,451.6

0.67 827.6

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology

São Tomé and Príncipe Sub-Saharan Africa

Lower middle income Lower middleincome Country data group 2005 2012 2012

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

0.15 58 740 4.1 85 65

Sector structure No Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Mixed Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) .. International gateway(s) .. Mobile telephone service .. Internet service .. Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) No Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

0.19 63 1,310 4.9 70 74

2,507 39 1,893 6.0 71 64

Yes Mixed .. M M .. No

9.1 14.9

5.8 51.2

2.5 20.5

4.6 7.7 0.0 .. ..

4.3 65.0 0.4 .. ..

5.4 83.1 1.4 15.0 12.4

33.2 4.6 13.8a

7.4 25.5 21.6a

6.5 .. 18.7

8 0.0 94

70 88.7 7,689

86 58.2 8,076

.. .. ..

8.6 13.2 116.8

4.9 10.5 20.6

0.0 3.4 13.2

0.2 3.2 8.3

4.6 7.2 47.1

0.32 12.2

0.12 46.6

0.32 4.4

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2014

179

Saudi Arabia High income

2005

Highincome group 2012 2012

25 81 12,460 5.2 83 75

28 1,300 82 80 24,310 38,412 6.1 1.0 87 .. 92 93

Country data

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

Sector structure Yes Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Mixed Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) P International gateway(s) P Mobile telephone service C Internet service No Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) B Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

180

2014

2.8 0.0

Yes Mixed .. P C R B

2.7 0.0

2.7 17.6

15.6 57.4 0.3 30.0 20.0

17.0 43.6 187.4 122.9 6.9 26.2 67.7a 77.7 66.6a 75.5

.. 15.6 12.7

29.3 102.0 54.0a

96 5.4 383

.. 113.6 75.4

99 100 100.0 95.9 36,396 85,990

.. .. ..

13.2 14.1 39.7

25.2 20.6 29.2

0.1 6.5 41.5

0.1 8.0 3.6

8.9 10.8 30.8

0.49 3.1

0.80 34.2

0.67 827.6

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology

Senegal Sub-Saharan Africa

Lower middle income Lower middleincome Country data group 2005 2012 2012

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

11 41 770 4.6 42 41

Sector structure Yes Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Mixed Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) C International gateway(s) C Mobile telephone service C Internet service A Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) B Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

14 43 1,030 3.4 50 48

2,507 39 1,893 6.0 71 64

Yes Mixed C P C A A

7.8 22.1

9.8 10.0

2.5 20.5

2.4 15.4 0.2 2.9a 0.7a

2.5 83.6 0.7 9.0a 5.8a

5.4 83.1 1.4 15.0 12.4

36.4 42.6 4.8

9.3 68.1 19.2a

6.5 .. 18.7

85 86.8 1,437

91 100.0 5,122

86 58.2 8,076

.. .. ..

12.5 19.5 38.1

4.9 10.5 20.6

0.4 3.9 28.0

0.3 2.2 32.3

4.6 7.2 47.1

0.25 0.3

0.35 2.2

0.32 4.4

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2014

181

Serbia Europe & Central Asia

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2012 2012

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

7 54 3,430 5.3 .. 78

Sector structure No Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Mixed Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) .. International gateway(s) C Mobile telephone service .. Internet service .. Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) B Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

182

2014

7 57 5,280 1.3 98 79

2,391 61 6,969 6.2 94 76

Yes Mixed .. C C A A

4.7 22.9

5.3 15.0

2.5 18.2

30.9 67.4 0.4 25.0 18.0

38.4 117.8 12.9 60.3a 48.0a

19.4 92.4 10.8 40.6 36.3

13.5 27.6 26.3a 96 4.4 799

8.2 1.3 97.4 284.4 48.1a 41.6 100 99 99.0 95.5 89,563 14,580

.. .. ..

7.0 12.5 21.2

9.4 14.9 17.8

.. .. 36.5

2.1 3.8 42.0

17.6 14.7 29.1

0.48 5.1

0.58 34.7

0.42 18.5

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology

Seychelles Sub-Saharan Africa

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2012 2012

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

0.08 52 10,540 –1.0 92 82

0.09 54 12,180 4.0 92 71

Sector structure No Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Private Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) .. International gateway(s) P Mobile telephone service P Internet service A Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) A Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

2,391 61 6,969 6.2 94 76

No Private C P C A A

6.4 24.9

3.8 ..

2.5 18.2

24.6 67.5 1.1 12.0a 6.0a

22.7 147.8 11.0 51.9a 41.9a

19.4 92.4 10.8 40.6 36.3

9.3 .. 25.4

5.2 1.3 42.3 284.4 47.1a 41.6

98 24.5 1,062

98 99 94.2 95.5 15,606 14,580

.. .. ..

9.0 15.3 16.3

9.4 14.9 17.8

0.0 1.5 4.9

0.0 2.1 6.4

17.6 14.7 29.1

0.49 482.5

0.33 604.4

0.42 18.5

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2014

183

Sierra Leone Sub-Saharan Africa

Low income Lowincome group 2012 2012

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

5 37 310 9.0 35 ..

Sector structure No Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Public Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) .. International gateway(s) C Mobile telephone service P Internet service .. Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) B Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

184

2014

6 40 580 6.3 43 ..

846 28 590 5.9 61 60

Yes Public P P P .. B

.. ..

.. ..

5.0 ..

0.5 14.3 0.0 0.8 ..

0.3 37.0 .. .. ..

1.0 47.2 0.2 4.2 3.4

.. .. 0.2

.. .. 1.3a

.. 70.1 6.2

70 .. ..

.. .. 1,994

.. 30.9 9,141

.. .. ..

.. .. ..

8.9 11.9 46.9

.. .. 0.2

.. .. 57.2

.. .. ..

0.15 0.7

0.17 0.8

0.20 1.1

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology

Singapore High income

2005

Highincome group 2012 2012

4 100 27,240 5.1 93 ..

5 1,300 100 80 47,210 38,412 5.5 1.0 96 .. .. 93

Country data

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

Sector structure Yes Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Mixed Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) C International gateway(s) C Mobile telephone service C Internet service A Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) A Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

3.5 12.6

41.0 97.5 14.6 74.0 66.0 75.2 .. 61.0

Yes Mixed C C C A No

2.6 ..

2.7 17.6

37.5 43.6 152.1 122.9 25.4 26.2 87.7a 77.7 87.7a 75.5 88.3 .. 74.2a

.. 113.6 75.4

100 100 100 29.1 98.3 95.9 31,606 387,641 85,990 .. .. ..

8.8 9.3 30.0

25.2 20.6 29.2

45.5 37.9 22.3

28.4 23.4 24.0

8.9 10.8 30.8

0.70 275.4

1.00 610.1

0.67 827.6

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2014

185

Sint Maarten (Dutch part) High income

2005

Highincome group 2012 2012

0.04 .. .. .. .. ..

0.04 1,300 .. 80 .. 38,412 .. 1.0 .. .. .. 93

Country data

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%) Sector structure Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) International gateway(s) Mobile telephone service Internet service Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

186

2014

.. ..

.. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. ..

.. ..

2.7 17.6

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

43.6 122.9 26.2 77.7 75.5

.. .. ..

.. .. ..

.. 113.6 75.4

.. .. ..

.. 100 .. 95.9 .. 85,990

.. .. ..

.. .. ..

25.2 20.6 29.2

.. .. ..

.. .. ..

8.9 10.8 30.8

.. ..

.. ..

0.67 827.6

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology

Slovak Republic High income

2005

Highincome group 2012 2012

5 56 11,070 4.9 .. 78

5 1,300 55 80 17,190 38,412 3.5 1.0 .. .. 82 93

Country data

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

Sector structure Yes Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Mixed Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) C International gateway(s) C Mobile telephone service C Internet service A Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) A Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

Yes Mixed P P C A A

3.0 22.6

2.6 11.0

2.7 17.6

22.2 84.2 3.4 47.0 23.0

17.9 111.9 14.7 79.0 76.6

43.6 122.9 26.2 77.7 75.5

12.4 86.4 55.2

11.4 120.0 80.0

.. 113.6 75.4

100 61.7 4,772

100 100 96.4 95.9 11,477 85,990

.. .. ..

18.9 17.5 27.6

25.2 20.6 29.2

9.4 8.3 24.2

16.6 12.8 31.7

8.9 10.8 30.8

0.59 18.4

0.50 263.3

0.67 827.6

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2014

187

Slovenia High income

2005

Highincome group 2012 2012

2 50 18,070 3.6 100 92

2 1,300 50 80 22,810 38,412 0.6 1.0 100 .. 94 93

Country data

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

Sector structure Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Yes Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Mixed Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) International gateway(s) C Mobile telephone service C Internet service C Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) A Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) A Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

188

2014

Yes Mixed C C C A A

3.3 23.8

2.5 20.0

2.7 17.6

51.0 87.9 9.8 61.0 48.2

39.9 108.6 24.3 76.0 74.0

43.6 122.9 26.2 77.7 75.5

11.6 109.4 46.8

9.9 137.3 70.0

.. 113.6 75.4

99 49.4 2,681

100 100 99.6 95.9 94,652 85,990

.. .. ..

18.7 25.1 36.2

25.2 20.6 29.2

1.3 4.3 20.4

1.8 3.6 22.2

8.9 10.8 30.8

0.67 79.0

0.67 547.8

0.67 827.6

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology

Solomon Islands East Asia & Pacific

Lower middle income Lower middleincome Country data group 2005 2012 2012

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

0.47 18 900 1.6 .. 51

Sector structure Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator No Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Mixed Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) International gateway(s) .. Mobile telephone service .. Internet service .. Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) .. Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) B Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

0.55 21 1,130 6.0 .. ..

2,507 39 1,893 6.0 71 64

Yes Mixed .. .. .. .. B

2.7 ..

.. ..

2.5 20.5

1.6 1.3 0.1 .. ..

1.5 55.0 0.4 5.1a 4.2a

5.4 83.1 1.4 15.0 12.4

.. .. 0.8

.. .. 7.0a

6.5 .. 18.7

.. 23.7 2,044

.. .. 3,614

86 58.2 8,076

.. .. ..

10.3 14.5 259.2

4.9 10.5 20.6

.. .. 57.5

0.0 2.7 2.4

4.6 7.2 47.1

0.27 4.3

0.13 5.3

0.32 4.4

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2014

189

Somalia Sub-Saharan Africa

Low income Lowincome group 2012 2012

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

8 35 .. .. .. ..

Sector structure Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator No Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Private Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) International gateway(s) .. Mobile telephone service .. Internet service .. Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) .. Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) A Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

190

2014

10 38 .. .. .. ..

846 28 590 5.9 61 60

No Private .. .. .. .. A

.. ..

.. ..

5.0 ..

1.2 5.9 0.0 .. ..

0.7 22.6 0.0 .. ..

1.0 47.2 0.2 4.2 3.4

.. .. 1.1a

.. .. 1.4a

.. 70.1 6.2

.. 0.0 33

80 .. ..

.. 30.9 9,141

.. .. ..

.. .. ..

8.9 11.9 46.9

.. .. ..

.. .. ..

.. .. ..

0.00 0.1

0.18 0.1

0.20 1.1

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology

South Africa Sub-Saharan Africa

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2012 2012

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

48 59 4,810 3.8 89 ..

52 62 7,460 2.8 93 ..

Sector structure Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Yes Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Mixed Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) International gateway(s) P Mobile telephone service P Internet service C Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) R Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) A Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

2,391 61 6,969 6.2 94 76

Yes Mixed P P C R A

6.3 13.1

4.5 12.1

2.5 18.2

9.8 70.4 0.3 13.0a 3.0a

7.7 130.6 2.1 23.6a 25.5a

19.4 92.4 10.8 40.6 36.3

.. .. 7.5

.. .. 41.0a

1.3 284.4 41.6

96 1.7 244

.. 99 .. 95.5 18,111 14,580

.. .. ..

28.3 32.6 28.1

9.4 14.9 17.8

1.2 11.1 9.9

1.0 7.6 10.6

17.6 14.7 29.1

0.51 20.2

0.46 87.7

0.42 18.5

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2014

191

South Sudan Sub-Saharan Africa

Low income Lowincome group 2012 2012

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

8 17 .. .. .. ..

Sector structure Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator No Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Mixed Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) International gateway(s) .. Mobile telephone service .. Internet service .. Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) .. Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) .. Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

192

2014

11 18 790 –9.8 .. ..

846 28 590 5.9 61 60

No Mixed .. .. .. .. C

.. ..

.. ..

5.0 ..

.. .. .. .. ..

0.0 21.2 0.0 .. ..

1.0 47.2 0.2 4.2 3.4

.. .. ..

10.2 63.0 ..

.. 70.1 6.2

.. .. ..

.. .. ..

.. 30.9 9,141

.. .. ..

.. .. ..

8.9 11.9 46.9

.. .. ..

.. .. ..

.. .. ..

.. ..

0.14 ..

0.20 1.1

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology

Spain High income

2005

Highincome group 2012 2012

44 77 25,310 3.2 98 96

47 1,300 78 80 29,270 38,412 0.1 1.0 98 .. 106 93

Country data

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

Sector structure Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Yes Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Private Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) International gateway(s) C Mobile telephone service C Internet service C Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) A Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) A Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

Yes Private C C C A A

3.1 19.6

2.3 15.4

2.7 17.6

44.9 98.4 11.6 55.0 35.5

41.9 108.4 24.4 74.0 68.0

43.6 122.9 26.2 77.7 75.5

.. 93.1 47.9

.. 115.7 72.0

.. 113.6 75.4

99 80.8 5,799

100 100 99.6 95.9 81,365 85,990

.. .. ..

33.5 39.9 33.5

25.2 20.6 29.2

3.7 7.2 23.3

1.3 4.6 30.0

8.9 10.8 30.8

0.72 81.2

0.76 266.7

0.67 827.6

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2014

193

Sri Lanka South Asia

Lower middle income Lower middleincome Country data group 2005 2012 2012

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

20 15 1,210 4.3 91 ..

Sector structure Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Yes Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Mixed Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) International gateway(s) .. Mobile telephone service C Internet service C Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) A Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) No Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

194

2014

20 15 2,920 6.5 91 77

2,507 39 1,893 6.0 71 64

Yes Mixed P P P A C

2.5 12.2

1.9 33.4

2.5 20.5

6.2 16.8 0.1 5.0 1.1a

16.3 91.6 1.7 15.0a 10.3a

5.4 83.1 1.4 15.0 12.4

.. 74.7 1.8a

10.0 160.5 18.3a

6.5 .. 18.7

85 18.3 1,396

98 83.6 5,995

86 58.2 8,076

.. .. ..

3.4 1.1 4.5

4.9 10.5 20.6

1.1 4.9 20.4

0.5 3.7 24.6

4.6 7.2 47.1

0.42 1.8

0.38 8.7

0.32 4.4

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology

St. Kitts and Nevis High income

2005

Highincome group 2012 2012

0.05 32 10,900 3.2 .. ..

0.05 1,300 32 80 13,610 38,412 0.7 1.0 .. .. 75 93

Country data

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

Sector structure Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator No Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Private Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) International gateway(s) .. Mobile telephone service .. Internet service .. Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) .. Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) No Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

No Private .. .. .. .. No

5.4 25.3

6.9 7.9

2.7 17.6

41.3 103.8 13.2 17.3a ..

37.3a 156.8a 27.2a 54.7a ..

43.6 122.9 26.2 77.7 75.5

58.2 102.1 34.0a

63.5 32.3 79.3a

.. 113.6 75.4

.. .. ..

.. 100 .. 95.9 67,860 85,990

.. .. ..

12.6 22.1 36.7

25.2 20.6 29.2

2.4 8.3 14.0

22.5 5.9 16.7

8.9 10.8 30.8

0.48 1,017.5

0.18 1,388.9

0.67 827.6

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2014

195

St. Lucia Latin America & Caribbean

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2012 2012

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

0.17 23 5,110 2.0 .. 73

Sector structure Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Yes Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Private Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) International gateway(s) C Mobile telephone service C Internet service M Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) A Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) No Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

196

2014

8.5 9.4

0.18 17 6,890 2.2 .. 71

2,391 61 6,969 6.2 94 76

Yes Private C C C A A

6.7 8.4

2.5 18.2

23.6 63.9 4.2a .. ..

20.4 125.5 13.6 42.5a 32.2a

19.4 92.4 10.8 40.6 36.3

53.5 64.7 21.6

28.7 80.4 48.6a

1.3 284.4 41.6

80 91.2 ..

100 99 98.5 95.5 68,218 14,580

.. .. ..

13.4 21.6 36.2

9.4 14.9 17.8

4.8 5.5 5.9

4.2 3.9 9.1

17.6 14.7 29.1

0.47 36.3

0.35 71.4

0.42 18.5

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology

St. Martin (French part) High income

2005

Highincome group 2012 2012

0.03 .. .. .. .. ..

0.03 1,300 .. 80 .. 38,412 .. 1.0 .. .. .. 93

Country data

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%) Sector structure Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) International gateway(s) Mobile telephone service Internet service Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

.. ..

.. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. ..

.. ..

2.7 17.6

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

43.6 122.9 26.2 77.7 75.5

.. .. ..

.. .. ..

.. 113.6 75.4

.. .. ..

.. 100 .. 95.9 .. 85,990

.. .. ..

.. .. ..

25.2 20.6 29.2

.. .. ..

.. .. ..

8.9 10.8 30.8

.. ..

.. 32.3

0.67 827.6

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2014

197

St. Vincent and the Grenadines Latin America & Caribbean

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2012 2012

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

0.11 47 4,960 4.9 .. 78

Sector structure Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Yes Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Private Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) International gateway(s) C Mobile telephone service C Internet service C Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) A Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) No Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

198

2014

0.11 50 6,400 0.6 .. ..

2,391 61 6,969 6.2 94 76

Yes Private C C C A A

9.3 ..

7.4 ..

2.5 18.2

20.7 64.9 3.4 16.8a 14.1a

17.7 123.9 12.4 62.3a 49.7a

19.4 92.4 10.8 40.6 36.3

58.9 49.4 9.2

34.7 82.2 47.5a

1.3 284.4 41.6

100 100 99 71.7 98.4 95.5 1,719,474 577,211 14,580 .. .. ..

10.9 24.6 33.6

9.4 14.9 17.8

1.4 6.4 24.8

2.5 3.3 23.8

17.6 14.7 29.1

0.43 101.2

0.31 238.5

0.42 18.5

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology

Sudan Sub-Saharan Africa

Lower middle income Lower middleincome Country data group 2005 2012 2012

Economic and social context Population (millions)b Urban population (% of total)b GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)c GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %)c Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

32 33 570 6.3 61 ..

Sector structure Yes Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Mixed Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) M International gateway(s) P Mobile telephone service P Internet service R Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) B Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

3.9 384.0

37 33 1,500 2.8 72 ..

2,507 39 1,893 6.0 71 64

Yes Mixed P P C R C

2.1 332.4

2.5 20.5

1.1 74.4 0.1 14.0 29.3

5.4 83.1 1.4 15.0 12.4

5.6 81.1 1.3

5.6 80.2 21.0

6.5 .. 18.7

34 4.7 407

88 72.4 1,703

86 58.2 8,076

.. .. ..

4.9 5.6 9.7

4.9 10.5 20.6

0.0 4.2 2.1

0.0 3.8 3.8

4.6 7.2 47.1

0.22 0.0

0.25 0.0

0.32 4.4

1.5 4.8a 0.0 3.0 0.6

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2014

199

Suriname Latin America & Caribbean

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2012 2012

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%) Sector structure Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) International gateway(s) Mobile telephone service Internet service Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

200

2014

0.50 67 3,330 5.9 90 ..

0.53 70 8,680 4.2 95 ..

Yes Public

Yes Public

M M P R No

C C C R A

5.7 32.4

1.0 15.9

2.5 18.2

16.2 46.6 0.2 17.3a 5.2a

16.2 106.5 5.5 34.3a 20.2a

19.4 92.4 10.8 40.6 36.3

.. 43.0 6.4

28.9 70.6 34.7a

1.3 284.4 41.6

.. 15.9 1,407

2,391 61 6,969 6.2 94 76

100 99 67.9 95.5 2,002 14,580

.. .. ..

2.9 14.2 41.9

9.4 14.9 17.8

0.2 3.3 ..

0.1 2.8 26.7

17.6 14.7 29.1

0.35 10.0

0.16 33.4

0.42 18.5

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology

Swaziland Sub-Saharan Africa

Lower middle income Lower middleincome Country data group 2005 2012 2012

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%) Sector structure Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) International gateway(s) Mobile telephone service Internet service Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)

1 22 2,390 2.2 82 61

1 21 2,860 1.7 88 67

2,507 39 1,893 6.0 71 64

No Public

No Public

.. M C No B

M M P R B

12.4 13.2

4.5 6.8

2.5 20.5

4.0 18.1 0.0 8.6a 3.0a

3.7 65.4 0.3 11.9a 11.4a

5.4 83.1 1.4 15.0 12.4

.. .. 3.7a

8.3 45.2 20.8a

6.5 .. 18.7

90 0.0 24

97 90.0 1,818

86 58.2 8,076

.. .. ..

6.8 22.5 75.7

4.9 10.5 20.6

0.2 2.2 15.6

.. .. 42.7

4.6 7.2 47.1

0.35 1.8

0.14 8.8

0.32 4.4

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2014

201

Sweden High income

2005

Highincome group 2012 2012

9 84 42,920 2.8 .. 95

10 1,300 85 80 56,120 38,412 1.4 1.0 .. .. 92 93

Country data

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%) Sector structure Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) International gateway(s) Mobile telephone service Internet service Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

202

2014

Yes Mixed

Yes Mixed

C C C A A

C C C A A

1.8 17.8

1.5 13.5

2.7 17.6

62.4 100.8 27.9 80.0 72.5

43.8 124.6 32.3 92.0 92.0

43.6 122.9 26.2 77.7 75.5

.. 90.8 84.8

.. 164.9 94.0

.. 113.6 75.4

99 100 100 76.7 96.6 95.9 20,578 279,287 85,990 .. .. ..

28.3 20.6 36.8

25.2 20.6 29.2

11.2 11.1 46.2

7.2 10.1 46.6

8.9 10.8 30.8

0.92 0.84 331.2 1,444.0

0.67 827.6

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology

Switzerland High income

2005

Highincome group 2012 2012

7 73 58,530 1.2 .. 85

8 1,300 74 80 80,970 38,412 1.7 1.0 .. .. 87 93

Country data

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%) Sector structure Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) International gateway(s) Mobile telephone service Internet service Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)

Yes Mixed

Yes Mixed

C P C A A

C C C A A

3.4 12.6

2.4 21.1

2.7 17.6

69.5 92.2 22.5 76.5 67.0a

56.5 130.2 39.9 85.8a 90.0a

43.6 122.9 26.2 77.7 75.5

.. 57.6 70.1

.. 84.5 85.2

.. 113.6 75.4

100 100 100 64.6 99.0 95.9 13,760 312,015 85,990 .. .. ..

34.6 51.3 38.3

25.2 20.6 29.2

2.6 7.4 26.9

1.4 5.5 34.6

8.9 10.8 30.8

0.76 472.8

0.67 2,222.0

0.67 827.6

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2014

203

Syrian Arab Republic Middle East & North Africa

Lower middle income Lower middleincome Country data group 2005 2012 2012

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%) Sector structure Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) International gateway(s) Mobile telephone service Internet service Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

204

2014

18 54 1,520 4.7 81 70

22 56 .. 5.0 84 73

2,507 39 1,893 6.0 71 64

No Public

No Public

.. P P A B

.. P P R B

2.6 7.5

.. 15.1

2.5 20.5

16.0 16.2 0.0a 28.0 26.0

20.2 59.3 1.1 43.0a 38.0a

5.4 83.1 1.4 15.0 12.4

13.6 130.2 5.6a

11.6 72.2 24.3a

6.5 .. 18.7

92 1.3 333

90 60.5 3,760

86 58.2 8,076

.. .. ..

1.3 21.3 21.6

4.9 10.5 20.6

0.0 3.3 9.3

0.0 2.2 2.5

4.6 7.2 47.1

0.36 0.1

0.23 0.5

0.32 4.4

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology

Tajikistan Europe & Central Asia

Low income Lowincome group 2012 2012

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%) Sector structure Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) International gateway(s) Mobile telephone service Internet service Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)

7 26 320 10.1 99 69

8 27 880 6.7 100 69

No Mixed

No Mixed

.. .. .. .. No

.. .. .. .. A

2.9 71.4

.. ..

5.0 ..

4.1 3.9 0.1 1.0a 0.3

4.9 81.5 0.1 4.1a 3.6a

1.0 47.2 0.2 4.2 3.4

.. 7.3 0.3

.. .. 14.5a

.. 70.1 6.2

.. 2.2 98

.. .. ..

.. 30.9 9,141

.. .. ..

0.9 8.5 362.5

8.9 11.9 46.9

.. .. 19.2

.. .. 40.7

.. .. ..

0.32 ..

0.24 1.2

0.20 1.1

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2014

846 28 590 5.9 61 60

205

Tanzania Sub-Saharan Africa

Low income Lowincome group 2012 2012

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%) Sector structure Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) International gateway(s) Mobile telephone service Internet service Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

206

2014

39 24 380 7.1 69 ..

48 27 570 6.8 68 56

846 28 590 5.9 61 60

Yes Mixed

Yes Mixed

M C C R A

M C C R A

.. ..

.. ..

5.0 ..

0.4 7.6 0.0 2.1a 0.5a

0.4 57.0 0.0 3.2a 3.3a

1.0 47.2 0.2 4.2 3.4

3.2 7.1 1.1a

0.5 51.5 4.0a

.. 70.1 6.2

45 1.6 234

95 .. 3,974

.. 30.9 9,141

.. .. ..

8.9 7.7 19.1

8.9 11.9 46.9

0.3 5.8 10.1

0.1 3.6 13.3

.. .. ..

0.29 0.1

0.35 1.1

0.20 1.1

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology

Thailand East Asia & Pacific

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2012 2012

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%) Sector structure Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) International gateway(s) Mobile telephone service Internet service Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)

66 32 2,600 5.5 94 72

67 34 5,210 3.0 .. 76

Yes Public

Yes Public

M P C R B

C C C R A

3.2 10.0

2.3 23.5

2.5 18.2

10.7 46.5 0.8 15.5 7.2a

9.5 127.3 8.2 26.9 18.4

19.4 92.4 10.8 40.6 36.3

.. .. 15.0

1.8 38.0 26.5

1.3 284.4 41.6

26 99.6 691

2,391 61 6,969 6.2 94 76

100 99 94.4 95.5 26,649 14,580

.. .. ..

6.2 10.6 20.7

9.4 14.9 17.8

23.4 17.4 25.7

16.0 11.8 16.2

17.6 14.7 29.1

0.50 4.8

0.51 18.1

0.42 18.5

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2014

207

Timor-Leste East Asia & Pacific

Lower middle income Lower middleincome Country data group 2005 2012 2012

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%) Sector structure Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) International gateway(s) Mobile telephone service Internet service Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

208

2014

1 26 890 1.0 51 66

1 29 3,620 9.8 58 72

2,507 39 1,893 6.0 71 64

No ..

No ..

.. .. .. .. B

.. .. .. .. B

3.6 16.9

6.0 28.6

2.5 20.5

0.2 3.3 0.0 .. ..

0.3 55.7 0.1 .. ..

5.4 83.1 1.4 15.0 12.4

20.0 70.6 0.1

.. 36.8 0.9a

6.5 .. 18.7

50 3.4 5,071

92 51.5 17,467

86 58.2 8,076

.. .. ..

20.8 16.3 99.0

4.9 10.5 20.6

5.2 3.4 ..

.. .. ..

4.6 7.2 47.1

0.25 1.0

0.22 0.8

0.32 4.4

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology

Togo Sub-Saharan Africa

Low income Lowincome group 2012 2012

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%) Sector structure Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) International gateway(s) Mobile telephone service Internet service Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)

6 35 370 1.5 57 61

7 39 500 3.6 60 73

846 28 590 5.9 61 60

Yes Public

Yes Public

P P C R A

P C C R A

6.3 34.7

9.2 23.6

5.0 ..

1.1 7.8 0.0 1.0 ..

0.9 49.9 0.1 2.3 1.4

1.0 47.2 0.2 4.2 3.4

22.5 22.0 1.8a

7.6 29.4 4.0a

.. 70.1 6.2

85 1.9 143

91 16.9 5,224

.. 30.9 9,141

.. .. ..

10.5 17.8 47.2

8.9 11.9 46.9

0.1 3.9 23.8

0.0 1.9 23.2

.. .. ..

0.22 0.4

0.14 3.1

0.20 1.1

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2014

209

Tonga East Asia & Pacific

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2012 2012

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%) Sector structure Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) International gateway(s) Mobile telephone service Internet service Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

210

2014

0.10 23 2,550 2.4 99 88

0.10 24 4,220 1.1 .. ..

No Public

No Public

.. .. P .. C

C C C A C

.. ..

.. ..

2.5 18.2

13.6 29.6 0.6 .. ..

28.6 53.4 1.4 15.5a 12.0a

19.4 92.4 10.8 40.6 36.3

.. .. 4.9a

.. .. 34.9a

1.3 284.4 41.6

70 37.0 404

2,391 61 6,969 6.2 94 76

.. 99 16.2 95.5 2,733 14,580

.. .. ..

6.4 11.0 62.3

9.4 14.9 17.8

.. 2.8 16.3

1.1 3.8 12.2

17.6 14.7 29.1

0.40 9.8

0.24 19.0

0.42 18.5

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology

Trinidad and Tobago High income

2005

Highincome group 2012 2012

1 12 11,060 8.7 98 67

1 1,300 14 80 14,710 38,412 1.4 1.0 99 .. .. 93

Country data

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%) Sector structure Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) International gateway(s) Mobile telephone service Internet service Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)

Yes Mixed

Yes Mixed

M M C A No

.. P P A A

2.4 ..

2.9 8.7

2.7 17.6

24.9 71.3 0.8 31.0 17.0

21.4 140.8 13.8 61.0a 40.0a

43.6 122.9 26.2 77.7 75.5

27.0 272.8 29.0a

19.6 205.7 59.5a

.. 113.6 75.4

100 16.6 1,304

100 100 99.1 95.9 18,442 85,990

.. .. ..

15.6 15.1 12.3

25.2 20.6 29.2

0.2 4.0 8.9

0.1 3.1 85.3

8.9 10.8 30.8

0.53 21.6

0.48 93.2

0.67 827.6

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2014

211

Tunisia Middle East & North Africa

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2012 2012

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

10 65 3,200 4.5 74 77

Sector structure Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Yes Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Public Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) International gateway(s) .. Mobile telephone service C Internet service C Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) .. Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) C Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

212

2014

11 67 4,150 3.3 79 78

2,391 61 6,969 6.2 94 76

Yes Mixed P C C R A

3.8 21.7

3.9 18.2

2.5 18.2

12.5 56.5 0.2 7.2 2.1

10.2 118.1 4.9 22.8a 20.6a

19.4 92.4 10.8 40.6 36.3

7.1 35.5 9.7

9.3 136.7 41.4a

1.3 284.4 41.6

98 11.7 773

99 99 96.3 95.5 18,745 14,580

.. .. ..

6.0 10.6 7.0

9.4 14.9 17.8

2.0 4.6 5.1

7.4 6.6 9.6

17.6 14.7 29.1

0.35 1.4

0.48 17.0

0.42 18.5

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology

Turkey Europe & Central Asia

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2012 2012

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

68 67 6,520 5.2 88 74

74 72 10,830 3.4 94 85

Sector structure Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Yes Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Mixed Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) International gateway(s) C Mobile telephone service P Internet service C Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) A Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) No Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

2,391 61 6,969 6.2 94 76

Yes Mixed .. .. C A A

2.6 11.0

2.1 19.0

2.5 18.2

28.0 64.4 2.3 12.0 7.7

18.7 91.5 10.6 50.2 47.2

19.4 92.4 10.8 40.6 36.3

3.9 68.3 15.5

5.6 209.0 45.1

1.3 284.4 41.6

96 70.6 2,788

100 99 99.2 95.5 40,629 14,580

.. .. ..

13.7 31.4 12.5

9.4 14.9 17.8

4.4 6.1 2.2

1.7 4.2 1.6

17.6 14.7 29.1

0.48 18.1

0.46 50.4

0.42 18.5

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2014

213

Turkmenistan Europe & Central Asia

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2012 2012

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

5 47 1,600 4.5 .. ..

Sector structure Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator No Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Public Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) International gateway(s) .. Mobile telephone service C Internet service .. Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) .. Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) B Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

214

2014

5 49 5,410 10.9 100 ..

2,391 61 6,969 6.2 94 76

No Public .. C .. .. B

1.5 ..

.. ..

2.5 18.2

8.4 2.2 .. 1.9a 0.9a

11.1 76.4 0.0 13.7a 6.7a

19.4 92.4 10.8 40.6 36.3

.. .. 1.0a

.. .. 7.2a

1.3 284.4 41.6

14 .. 1,605

.. 99 .. 95.5 1,075 14,580

.. .. ..

.. .. ..

9.4 14.9 17.8

.. .. ..

.. .. ..

17.6 14.7 29.1

0.33 ..

0.19 0.2

0.42 18.5

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology

Turks and Caicos Islands High income

2005

Highincome group 2012 2012

0.03 90 .. .. .. ..

0.03 1,300 94 80 .. 38,412 .. 1.0 .. .. .. 93

Country data

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%) Sector structure Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) International gateway(s) Mobile telephone service Internet service Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

.. ..

.. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. ..

.. ..

2.7 17.6

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

43.6 122.9 26.2 77.7 75.5

.. .. ..

.. .. ..

.. 113.6 75.4

.. .. ..

.. 100 .. 95.9 .. 85,990

.. .. ..

.. .. ..

25.2 20.6 29.2

4.0 4.6 ..

1.9 3.0 ..

8.9 10.8 30.8

.. ..

.. 333.3

0.67 827.6

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2014

215

Tuvalu East Asia & Pacific

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2012 2012

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

0.01 48 3,740 0.2 .. ..

Sector structure Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator No Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Public Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) International gateway(s) .. Mobile telephone service M Internet service M Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) R Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) .. Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

216

2014

.. ..

0.01 51 5,650 2.3 .. ..

2,391 61 6,969 6.2 94 76

No Public .. .. M R ..

.. ..

2.5 18.2

9.2 13.4 1.5 .. ..

14.7 28.4 5.6 23.4a 19.7a

19.4 92.4 10.8 40.6 36.3

.. 2.9 10.0a

.. .. 35.0a

1.3 284.4 41.6

13 28.8 3,073

.. 99 .. 95.5 1,159 14,580

.. .. ..

.. .. ..

9.4 14.9 17.8

7.3 6.1 ..

.. 2.1 ..

17.6 14.7 29.1

0.00 ..

0.05 102.2

0.42 18.5

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology

Uganda Sub-Saharan Africa

Low income Lowincome group 2012 2012

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

29 13 290 6.9 71 64

Sector structure Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Yes Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Mixed Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) International gateway(s) P Mobile telephone service P Internet service C Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) A Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) No Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

3.2 23.4

36 16 480 7.3 73 67

846 28 590 5.9 61 60

Yes Mixed C C C A A

3.7 32.6

5.0 ..

0.3 4.6 0.0 0.8a 0.1a

0.9 45.0 0.1 4.0a 4.2a

1.0 47.2 0.2 4.2 3.4

.. 119.4 1.7

.. 61.3 14.7a

.. 70.1 6.2

70 8.9 121

100 40.0 4,670

.. 30.9 9,141

.. .. ..

9.2 9.0 14.0

8.9 11.9 46.9

2.0 7.5 13.4

6.5 6.6 14.1

.. .. ..

0.31 0.0

0.29 1.2

0.20 1.1

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2014

217

Ukraine Europe & Central Asia

Lower middle income Lower middleincome Country data group 2005 2012 2012

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

47 68 1,540 8.0 99 88

Sector structure Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Yes Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Public Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) International gateway(s) .. Mobile telephone service C Internet service .. Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) .. Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) No Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

218

2014

46 69 3,500 0.5 100 94

2,507 39 1,893 6.0 71 64

Yes Mixed C C C A A

5.9 32.8

3.4 13.6

2.5 20.5

24.8 63.7 0.3 11.5 3.0

26.8 130.3 8.0 40.5 36.5a

5.4 83.1 1.4 15.0 12.4

.. .. 3.7

.. .. 33.7a

6.5 .. 18.7

96 3.5 461

100 72.0 14,143

86 58.2 8,076

.. .. ..

3.7 7.8 7.5

4.9 10.5 20.6

0.5 4.0 7.6

1.1 3.8 19.2

4.6 7.2 47.1

0.57 1.3

0.42 26.8

0.32 4.4

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology

United Arab Emirates High income

2005

Highincome group 2012 2012

4 82 41,470 5.8 90 ..

9 1,300 85 80 38,620 38,412 2.1 1.0 .. .. .. 93

Country data

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

Sector structure Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Yes Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Mixed Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) International gateway(s) P Mobile telephone service P Internet service P Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) .. Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) B Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

Yes Mixed P P P R A

1.9 9.8

2.0 22.6

2.7 17.6

29.8 109.3 3.1 36.5a 30.4a

21.4 149.6 10.3 85.0 72.0

43.6 122.9 26.2 77.7 75.5

.. .. 40.0a

41.8 110.4 85.0

.. 113.6 75.4

100 24.5 3,082

100 100 99.4 95.9 32,445 85,990

.. .. ..

4.1 9.1 40.6

25.2 20.6 29.2

4.3 8.1 ..

2.0 4.5 ..

8.9 10.8 30.8

0.63 53.7

0.86 194.2

0.67 827.6

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2014

219

United Kingdom High income

2005

Highincome group 2012 2012

60 79 39,560 3.0 .. 92

64 1,300 80 80 38,500 38,412 0.0 1.0 .. .. 89 93

Country data

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

Sector structure Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Yes Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Private Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) International gateway(s) .. Mobile telephone service C Internet service C Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) A Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) A Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

220

2014

3.7 ..

Yes Private .. C .. A A

1.8 15.2

2.7 17.6

56.5 108.6 16.4 70.0 60.2

52.9 135.3 34.0 87.0 88.6a

43.6 122.9 26.2 77.7 75.5

.. 87.6 70.0

.. 123.0 87.0a

.. 113.6 75.4

99 100 100 60.7 98.6 95.9 52,831 188,920 85,990 .. .. ..

36.2 47.8 20.8

25.2 20.6 29.2

14.0 12.3 37.6

4.2 7.3 39.0

8.9 10.8 30.8

0.79 0.97 464.8 1,200.3

0.67 827.6

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology

United States High income

2005

Highincome group 2012 2012

296 81 46,350 2.6 .. 93

314 1,300 83 80 52,340 38,412 0.8 1.0 .. .. 97 93

Country data

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

Sector structure Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Yes Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Private Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) International gateway(s) .. Mobile telephone service C Internet service C Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) A Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) A Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

Yes Private C C C A A

2.9 18.7

3.4 14.0

2.7 17.6

58.7 68.3 17.2 67.1 58.1a

44.4 95.4 28.3 79.3a 75.0a

43.6 122.9 26.2 77.7 75.5

20.1 .. 68.0a

18.5 383.7 81.0a

.. 113.6 75.4

99 90.0 7,185

100 100 97.0 95.9 61,938 85,990

.. .. ..

15.0 35.6 15.0

25.2 20.6 29.2

14.3 13.7 19.3

9.0 12.8 22.1

8.9 10.8 30.8

0.86 785.2

1.00 1,304.0

0.67 827.6

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2014

221

Uruguay High income

2005

Highincome group 2012 2012

3 92 4,720 0.0 98 90

3 1,300 93 80 13,580 38,412 5.8 1.0 98 .. 90 93

Country data

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)

Sector structure Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Yes Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Public Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) International gateway(s) .. Mobile telephone service C Internet service C Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) A Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) No Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

222

2014

Yes Public .. C P .. A

3.8 8.0

2.5 49.7

2.7 17.6

30.3 34.7 1.5 22.1 13.5

29.8 147.1 16.6 63.7 48.4

43.6 122.9 26.2 77.7 75.5

8.9 28.1 20.1 100 27.8 2,395

5.9 97.0 55.1a

.. 113.6 75.4

100 100 100.0 95.9 40,635 85,990

.. .. ..

12.0 22.4 14.9

25.2 20.6 29.2

0.1 6.3 11.6

0.1 5.6 15.9

8.9 10.8 30.8

0.56 27.1

0.55 75.1

0.67 827.6

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology

Uzbekistan Europe & Central Asia

Lower middle income Lower middleincome Country data group 2005 2012 2012

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%) Sector structure Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) International gateway(s) Mobile telephone service Internet service Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)

26 37 530 5.3 99 75

30 36 1,720 8.5 99 70

No Public

No Public

.. C .. .. No

.. C .. .. No

2.2 31.7

.. ..

2.5 20.5

6.9 2.8 0.0 1.0 0.9a

6.9 71.0 0.7 8.0a 9.6a

5.4 83.1 1.4 15.0 12.4

.. .. 3.3

22.1 154.3 36.5a

6.5 .. 18.7

75 7.4 164

92 85.0 959

86 58.2 8,076

.. .. ..

1.4 2.4 11.5

4.9 10.5 20.6

.. .. ..

.. .. ..

4.6 7.2 47.1

0.41 0.0

0.50 0.8

0.32 4.4

The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2014

2,507 39 1,893 6.0 71 64

223

Vanuatu East Asia & Pacific

Lower middle income Lower middleincome Country data group 2005 2012 2012

Economic and social context Population (millions) Urban population (% of total) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–12 (avg. annual %) Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%) Sector structure Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator Status of main fixed-line telephone operator Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly) International gateway(s) Mobile telephone service Internet service Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed) Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed) Sector efficiency and capacity Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP) Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) Sector performance Access Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) Households with a computer (%) Households with Internet access at home (%) Usage Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month) Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month) Individuals using the Internet (%) Quality Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%) Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet) International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user) Affordability Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month) Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month) Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month) Trade ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports) ICT service exports (% of total service exports) Applications Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence) Secure Internet servers (per million people)  

224

2014

0.21 23 1,780 1.0 78 64

0.25 25 3,000 3.9 83 ..

2,507 39 1,893 6.0 71 64

No Mixed

Yes Mixed

.. .. .. .. No

C C C R A

3.5 20.0

4.8 24.6

2.5 20.5

3.3 6.1 0.0 4.0 ..

2.2 59.1 0.1 10.7a 3.5

5.4 83.1 1.4 15.0 12.4

.. .. 5.1

.. 99.1 10.6a

6.5 .. 18.7

20 3.7 376

92 11.9 2,290