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From World Development Indicators

The Little Data Book on

Private Sector Development

12

Economic and social context Investment climate Private sector investment Finance and banking Infrastructure


2012

THE LITTLE DATA BOOK ON PRIVATE SECTOR DEVELOPMENT


Copyright Š 2012 by the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development/THE WORLD BANK 1818 H Street, N.W. Washington, D.C. 20433 U.S.A. All rights reserved Manufactured in the United States of America First printing June 2012 ISBN: 978-0-8213-8995-9 eISBN: 978-0-8213-9521-9 DOI: 10.1596/978-0-8213-8995-9 SKU: 18995 The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development 2012 is a product of the Development Data Group of the Development Economics Vice Presidency and the Investment Climate Department of the Financial and Private Sector Development Vice Presidency of the World Bank. Design by Communications Development Incorporated, Washington, D.C. Cover design by Peter Grundy Art & Design, London, U.K.


Contents Acknowledgments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . iv Preface. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .v Data notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . vi

Regional tables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 World . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 East Asia and Pacific . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Europe and Central Asia. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Latin America and the Caribbean . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Middle East and North Africa . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 South Asia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Sub-Saharan Africa . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8

Income group tables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Low income. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Middle income. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 Lower middle income . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Upper middle income . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Low and middle income . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 High income . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Euro area . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16

Country tables (in alphabetical order) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17

Note. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 234

Glossary. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 235

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Acknowledgments The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development 2012 is based on World Development Indicators 2012 and its accompanying CD-ROM, with a focus on the private sector in development. The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development 2012 is the result of close collaboration between the staff of the World Bank’s Development Data Group of the Development Economics Vice Presidency and the Investment Climate Department of the Financial and Private Sector Development Vice Presidency. The Development Data Group team included Liu Cui, Buyant Erdene Khaltarkhuu, William Prince, and Jomo Tariku. The Investment Climate Department’s team included Ryan Hahn and Nathalie David. The work was carried out under the management of Shaida Badiee, director of the Development Data Group, and Pierre Guislain, director of the Investment Climate Department. Azita Amjadi and Alison Kwong coordinated all stages of production. Staff from External Affairs oversaw publication and dissemination of the book.

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The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Preface Access to reliable cross-country data on private sector development is crucial when formulating responses to economic crises. When downturns affect exports, investment, and growth negatively, making life easier for business is a significant step towards economic recovery. This has become obvious during the global financial crisis as governments have tried to stimulate economic growth through the creation of more robust private and finance markets. Improving the investment climate facilitates economic adjustment as it helps attract capital to create jobs and provide basic services. Unsurprisingly, the availability of cross-country data on the business environment has rapidly expanded in recent years, including data from the World Bank Group’s Doing Business project, Enterprise Surveys, and the Entrepreneurship Snapshots. The data sources presented in this book report on the scope and types of regulations that enhance—and constrain—business activity and provide information on business owners’ assessment of the business environment. The data have led to new research, enabled benchmarking, and informed the reform process in many developing countries. For more information, please visit the Business Environment Snapshots at http://rru.worldbank .org/besnapshots/. Included in this guide are indicators on the economic and social context, the investment climate, private sector investment, finance and banking, and infrastructure. Though a pocket guide cannot include all relevant variables, the indicators that are included provide users with a general understanding of the private sector in each country. Indicators displayed in the tables are defined in the Glossary, which also lists data sources. We welcome your suggestions on how to improve future editions and make them more useful.

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Data notes The data in this book are for 2005 and 2010 or the most recent year unless otherwise noted in the table or the Glossary. • Growth rates are proportional changes from the previous year unless otherwise noted. • Regional aggregates include data for low- and middle-income economies only. • Figures in italics indicate data for years or periods other than those specified.

Symbols used: ..

indicates that data are not available or that aggregates cannot be calculated because of missing data.

0 or 0.0

indicates zero or small enough that the number would round to zero at the displayed number of decimal places.

$

indicates current U.S. dollars.

Data are shown for economies with populations greater than 30,000 or for smaller economies if they are members of the World Bank. The term country (used interchangeably with economy) does not imply political independence or official recognition by the World Bank but refers to any economy for which the authorities report separate social or economic statistics.

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Regional tables The country composition of regions is based on the World Bank’s analytical regions and may differ from common geographic usage. East Asia and Pacific American Samoa, Cambodia, China, Fiji, Indonesia, Kiribati, Democratic Republic of Korea, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Malaysia, Marshall Islands, Federated States of Micronesia, Mongolia, Myanmar, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Thailand, Timor-Leste, Tonga, Tuvalu, Vanuatu, Vietnam Europe and Central Asia Albania, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kosovo, Kyrgyz Republic, Latvia, Lithuania, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Moldova, Montenegro, Romania, Russian Federation, Serbia, Tajikistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan Latin America and the Caribbean Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Grenada, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and the Grenadines, Suriname, Uruguay, República Bolivariana de Venezuela Middle East and North Africa Algeria, Djibouti, Arab Republic of Egypt, Islamic Republic of Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, Syrian Arab Republic, Tunisia, West Bank and Gaza, Republic of Yemen South Asia Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka Sub-Saharan Africa Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros, Democratic Republic of Congo, Republic of Congo, Côte d’Ivoire, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, The Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mayotte, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, São Tomé and Príncipe, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Africa, South Sudan, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe

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World 2005 2010 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

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6,503.6 6,894.6 3,028.6 3,223.0 6.1 .. 7,099 9,071 2.8 1.9 3.1 2.8 28.1 25.4 17.6 15.8 68.8 71.8       26.8 27.9 26.9 28.0             50 31 10 7 52.2 51.2 3.1 2.9 53.3 44.8 .. 16.0       3.2                                 .. .. 2.6 2.3 21.3 19.3 .. ..         –1.8 –7.0 .. .. 110.5 122.3 82.1 89.7 8.6 9.4 3.5 4.0 132.0 134.4     6.6 6.2         45.0 64.9 2,656 2,803     34.0 78.2 15.8 30.2

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


East Asia & Pacific 2005 2010 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

1,892.7 1,961.6 1,061.0 1,118.0 5.0 4.7 1,617 3,696 8.5 9.6 12.5 11.4 45.9 45.3 31.1 28.7 41.6 43.2       44.9 37.2 40.0 33.1             57 39 9 8 55.4 56.7 3.3 3.2 40.1 36.2 .. 17.9       1.0                                 92,839 70,512 4.7 3.1 35.3 39.6 13.6 22.0         –2.0 .. .. .. 109.9 125.7 50.0 56.6 .. .. .. .. 99.9 116.3     5.5 6.9         16.0 30.7 1,474 2,095     28.4 73.3 8.4 29.8 2012

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Europe & Central Asia 2005 2010 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

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399.2 405.2 182.5 191.8 8.1 9.5 3,709 7,272 6.1 3.1 8.8 7.2 33.6 32.3 18.9 17.0 57.6 60.6       33.7 30.9 31.1 30.6             37 16 10 6 25.6 25.5 2.9 2.8 56.9 41.6 .. 9.2       2.0                                 55,441 135,012 3.1 2.8 20.7 21.9 17.7 18.4         3.9 –2.2 .. .. 34.5 54.8 28.5 41.8 13.2 13.6 2.6 12.2 26.4 46.2     7.8 6.9         86.2 85.8 3,716 3,859     61.8 124.3 12.9 39.3

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Latin America & Caribbean 2005 2010 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

549.7 582.6 252.2 278.2 8.4 7.8 4,411 7,741 2.6 3.7 6.1 6.3 33.7 31.0 18.4 16.9 60.2 62.8       24.3 22.3 21.8 22.3             78 57 11 9 58.6 55.5 3.5 3.1 50.3 47.8 .. 20.2       1.9                                 143,219 202,542 2.8 2.4 18.7 19.9 14.7 15.1         –1.7 .. .. .. 47.0 59.3 33.7 43.6 11.1 10.1 3.6 2.4 26.0 41.7     7.9 7.3         26.3 22.5 1,736 1,892     43.1 98.4 16.5 34.0 2012

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Middle East & North Africa 2005 2010 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

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303.6 95.4 12.9 2,195 4.1 10.9 43.0 12.3 46.0   37.5 32.9       39 10 54.8 3.5 56.6 ..                     13,435 2.9 22.6 13.8     0.1 .. 44.4 53.1 .. .. 31.3   5.0     70.2 1,305   22.2 8.3

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

331.3 104.9 10.6 3,874 4.8 .. .. .. ..   .. ..       23 8 54.8 3.5 40.6 15.5   0.9                 29,970 2.7 .. ..     –3.0 .. 60.1 64.9 .. .. 35.0   5.0     75.2 1,497   86.1 20.9


South Asia 2005 2010 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

1,517.3 1,633.1 614.2 638.8 4.5 .. 687 1,176 6.5 7.5 19.3 19.2 27.9 26.3 15.9 14.8 52.8 54.4       19.1 20.3 22.9 24.7             38 23 8 7 111.4 75.8 4.2 3.4 40.0 44.4 .. 18.6       0.9                                 44,251 204,075 1.1 1.3 28.2 27.1 21.3 19.5         –3.1 –3.8 61.2 .. 55.2 65.6 50.7 61.4 6.4 7.3 8.3 10.5 37.7 45.8     6.2 5.9         55.7 53.9 421 517     7.7 58.8 2.5 8.1 2012

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Sub-Saharan Africa 2005 2010 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

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754.6 853.4 295.9 340.4 .. .. 770 1,188 4.5 4.8 16.6 10.7 31.7 30.8 13.2 12.6 51.8 58.5       32.5 31.1 33.9 33.6             60 34 11 8 64.3 66.2 3.4 3.4 71.3 57.3 .. 18.5       1.2                                 24,622 52,365 2.9 2.3 18.2 20.4 13.0 12.5         –0.3 –1.0 .. .. 41.7 56.0 33.8 42.0 .. .. .. .. 62.2 64.8     11.7 9.7         18.3 18.8 532 511     12.0 44.9 2.3 11.3

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Income group tables For operational and analytical purposes the World Bank’s main criterion for classifying economies is gross national income (GNI) per capita. Every economy in The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development is classified as low income, middle income, or high income. Low- and middle-income economies are sometimes referred to as developing economies. The use of the term is convenient; it is not intended to imply that all economies in the group are experiencing similar development or that other economies have reached a preferred or final stage of development. Classification by income does not necessarily reflect development status. Low-income economies are those with a GNI per capita of $1,005 or less in 2010. Middle-income economies are those with a GNI per capita of more than $1,005 but less than $12,276. Lower-middle-income and upper-middleincome economies are separated at a GNI per capita of $3,975. High-income economies are those with a GNI per capita of $12,276 or more. Euro area includes the member states of the Economic and Monetary Union of the European Union that have adopted the euro as their currency: Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Portugal, Slovak Republic, Slovenia, and Spain.

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Low income 2005 2010 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

10

2012

718.2 319.9 .. 340 4.7 29.8 23.7 12.6 46.5   20.3 30.7       61 11 60.8 3.8 83.9 ..                     4,646 2.1 20.3 14.5     –1.4 .. 29.5 27.9 .. .. 20.4   11.7     18.0 214   4.6 1.1

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

796.3 363.5 .. 530 5.7 25.6 25.6 14.2 48.8   20.8 33.4       33 8 63.5 3.7 67.8 18.7   0.3                 21,616 3.2 22.4 16.0     .. .. 34.8 31.7 .. .. 29.7   9.8     20.7 229   33.1 5.6


Middle income 2005 2010 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

4,698.8 4,970.8 2,181.3 2,308.6 6.1 .. 1,919 3,726 5.5 6.3 10.1 9.5 37.5 35.6 21.3 20.2 52.4 54.9       32.5 28.6 29.7 27.8             56 36 10 8 55.0 52.8 3.2 3.1 48.3 41.1 .. 16.5       1.8                                 401,503 697,249 3.3 2.6 25.2 27.1 16.0 18.3         –1.5 .. .. .. 65.8 86.7 41.4 51.4 9.8 10.2 5.2 3.9 54.0 73.6     7.1 6.3         37.7 53.5 1,373 1,675     26.9 78.0 7.9 23.8 2012

11


Lower middle income 2005 2010 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

12

2012

2,330.1 2,518.7 935.9 994.1 6.4 .. 896 1,623 5.5 6.4 17.7 17.0 32.6 31.3 17.4 16.4 49.7 51.7       30.1 27.6 32.5 31.0             54 34 10 8 64.8 63.9 3.4 3.3 48.0 40.4 .. 16.0       0.9                                 90,218 301,804 2.4 2.1 25.1 25.7 18.9 17.7         –2.8 –3.6 .. .. 45.7 58.0 43.7 52.1 .. .. 16.5 .. 32.6 40.1     8.4 8.7         31.3 48.6 554 644     13.5 71.7 3.9 13.5

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Upper middle income 2005 2010 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2,368.7 2,452.1 1,245.4 1,314.4 5.9 5.8 2,925 5,886 5.5 6.3 8.0 7.4 38.8 36.8 22.4 21.3 53.2 55.8       33.2 28.8 28.9 26.9             58 38 10 8 45.2 41.4 3.1 2.8 48.8 41.9 .. 17.0       2.3                                 301,287 259,433 3.5 2.7 25.2 27.5 15.1 18.5         –1.1 .. .. .. 71.5 94.3 40.7 51.2 9.3 10.4 3.5 3.7 60.1 83.2     6.4 5.8         49.4 57.6 2,171 2,714     40.1 84.5 11.9 34.1 2012

13


Low and middle income 2005 2010 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

14

2012

5,417.0 5,767.2 2,501.2 2,672.1 6.0 .. 1,710 3,288 5.5 6.3 10.7 9.9 37.1 35.3 21.1 20.0 52.2 54.7       32.1 28.3 29.7 28.0             57 35 10 8 56.4 55.4 3.4 3.2 56.6 47.4 .. 17.0       1.6                                 326,012 697,912 3.3 2.6 25.0 27.0 16.0 18.2         –1.5 .. .. .. 65.1 86.3 41.1 51.3 .. .. 7.1 3.9 53.3 72.9     7.8 7.3         29.3 44.8 1,255 1,525     23.9 71.8 7.0 21.5

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


High income 2005 2010 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

1,086.6 1,127.4 527.3 550.9 6.7 8.5 33,982 38,746 2.2 0.6 1.5 1.3 26.2 23.6 16.9 14.8 72.2 75.1       25.7 27.8 26.4 28.0             27 17 8 6 38.3 38.4 2.3 2.1 42.7 37.4 .. 13.0       6.8                                 .. .. 2.5 2.1 20.5 17.9 .. ..         –1.9 –7.5 47.0 58.2 122.8 139.2 93.9 108.8 6.8 6.8 1.9 4.1 153.4 164.0     3.8 ..         87.4 81.1 9,399 9,064     83.9 110.5 59.1 73.4 2012

15


Euro area 2005 2010 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

16

2012

324.2 331.8 153.8 159.6 9.0 10.0 31,697 38,565 1.4 0.5 1.8 1.5 26.4 26.2 18.3 15.5 71.6 72.0       38.0 40.6 36.3 39.2             29 12 8 6 32.2 36.4 1.7 1.7 52.7 44.5 .. 11.8       5.1                                 .. .. 4.3 3.3 20.2 19.0 .. ..         –2.1 –5.2 59.5 70.5 126.2 155.3 85.4 109.3 5.9 6.2 2.3 4.4 109.3 133.6     3.5 ..         91.8 87.3 6,840 6,592     97.6 122.4 51.2 71.2

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Country tables China Data for China do not include data for Hong Kong SAR, China; Macao SAR, China; or Taiwan, China. Cyprus GNI and GDP data and data calculated using GNI and GDP refer to the area controlled by the government of the Republic of Cyprus. Georgia GNI and GDP data and data calculated using GNI and GDP exclude Abkhazia and South Ossetia. Kosovo, Montenegro, and Serbia Montenegro declared independence from Serbia and Montenegro on June 3, 2006. Where available, data for each country are shown separately. However, some indicators for Serbia prior to 2006 include data for Montenegro. Moreover, data for most indicators for Serbia from 1999 onward exclude data for Kosovo, which in 1999 became a territory under international administration pursuant to UN Security Council Resolution 1244 (1999). Kosovo became a member of the World Bank on June 29, 2009, and its data are shown where available. Moldova GNI and GDP data and data calculated using GNI and GDP exclude Transnistria. Morocco GNI and GDP data and data calculated using GNI and GDP include Former Spanish Sahara. Netherlands Antilles Netherlands Antilles ceased to exist on October 10, 2010. Curacao and St. Maarten became countries within the Kingdom of Netherlands. Bonaire, St. Eustatius, and Saba became special municipalities of the Netherlands. South Sudan and Sudan Data are shown separately for South Sudan where available. However, data reported for Sudan include South Sudan unless otherwise noted. Tanzania GNI and GDP data and data calculated using GNI and GDP refer to mainland Tanzania only. For more information, see World Development Indicators 2012 or data. worldbank.org.

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2012

17


Afghanistan South Asia

Low income Lowincome group 2010 2010

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

18

2012

29.9 7.6 8.5 230 12.4 39.5 25.3 15.7 35.2 12.7 49.5 25.2 71.3   .. 9 4 30.0 2.0 36.4 .. .. ..   .. .. .. .. ..     468 4.0 31.3 8.7     –1.9 .. .. .. .. .. 4.4 15.2 ..     27.5 .. .. 4.0 1.1

34.4 9.1 .. 410 10.7 29.9 22.2 13.1 47.9 0.9 46.5 15.5 53.6   160 7 4 30.0 2.0 36.4 0.0 .. ..   6.8 28.8 1.4 45.8 8.5     1,040 0.4 16.3 7.4     1.4 .. .. .. .. .. 10.5 11.6 ..     .. .. 20.3 37.8 3.7

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

796 364 .. 530 5.7 25.6 25.6 14.2 48.8

20.8 33.4 33 8 63.5 3.7 67.8 18.7 0.3

21,616 3.2 22.4 16.0   .. .. 34.8 31.7 .. .. 29.7 9.8   20.7 229 33.1 5.6


Albania Europe & Central Asia

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2010 2010

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

3.1 1.4 13.5 2,580 5.3 22.8 21.5 19.7 55.7 2.4 99.9 22.3 46.3   .. 41 11 56.0 2.0 58.2 .. 1.2 0.5   9.9 82.0 37.0 25.6 19.8     1,676 3.1 23.6 19.0     –3.0 .. 42.1 52.1 5.4 2.3 14.9 9.3 8.0     39.0 1,209 37.8 48.7 6.0

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2012

3.2 2,452 1.5 1,314 13.8 5.8 3,960 5,886 5.3 6.3 20.2 7.4 19.3 36.8 19.3 21.3 60.5 55.8 3.6 103.9 29.8 28.8 51.8 26.9     82 5 38 5 8 56.0 41.4 2.0 2.8 38.5 41.9 8.7 17.0 2.0 0.8 2.3   .. .. .. .. ..       1,471 259,433 9.4 2.7 25.9 27.5 20.4 18.5       .. .. .. .. 61.6 94.3 57.6 51.2 8.5 10.4 13.9 3.7 38.0 83.2 9.0 6.4 5.8       .. 57.6 1,747 2,714 .. 141.9 84.5 45.0 34.1

19


Algeria Middle East & North Africa

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2010 2010

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

20

2012

32.9 10.0 15.3 2,720 5.1 8.2 61.3 5.9 30.5 1.4 73.3 47.6 24.3   .. 25 14 17.0 2.5 76.9 .. 10.3 0.5   25.1 15.0 8.9 49.1 5.0     5,015 1.1 22.3 11.5     13.2 .. 33.6 37.8 .. .. 12.1 –7.3 6.1     70.2 898 4.8 41.5 5.8

35.5 2,452 11.2 1,314 11.4 5.8 4,390 5,886 2.6 6.3 6.9 7.4 62.1 36.8 5.6 21.3 31.0 55.8 3.9 74.4 30.8 28.8 21.5 26.9     148 25 38 14 8 17.0 41.4 2.5 2.8 72.0 41.9 6.6 17.0 10.5 0.4 2.3   .. .. .. .. ..       6,323 259,433 1.4 2.7 38.3 27.5 10.2 18.5       –4.5 .. .. .. 33.3 94.3 43.9 51.2 .. 10.4 .. 3.7 15.6 83.2 –7.1 6.3 5.8       74.0 57.6 971 2,714 .. 92.4 84.5 12.5 34.1

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


American Samoa East Asia & Pacific

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2010 2010

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

0.06 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..   .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..   .. .. .. .. ..     .. .. .. ..     .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..     .. .. .. 3.6 .. 2012

0.07 2,452 .. 1,314 .. 5.8 .. 5,886 .. 6.3 .. 7.4 .. 36.8 .. 21.3 .. 55.8 .. .. .. 28.8 .. 26.9     .. .. 38 .. 8 .. 41.4 .. 2.8 .. 41.9 .. 17.0 .. .. 2.3   .. .. .. .. ..       .. 259,433 .. 2.7 .. 27.5 .. 18.5       .. .. .. .. .. 94.3 .. 51.2 .. 10.4 .. 3.7 .. 83.2 .. .. 5.8       .. 57.6 .. 2,714 .. .. 84.5 .. 34.1

21


Andorra High income Highincome group 2010 2010

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

22

2012

0.08 0.08 .. .. .. .. 32,650 41,750 7.1 3.7 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..       .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..     .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..         .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..         .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..         .. .. .. .. .. .. 82.9 77.2 37.6 81.0

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

1,127 551 8.5 38,746 0.6 1.3 23.6 14.8 75.1

27.8 28.0 17 6 38.4 2.1 37.4 13.0 6.8

.. 2.1 17.9 ..   –7.5 58.2 139.2 108.8 6.8 4.1 164.0 ..   81.1 9,064 110.5 73.4


Angola Sub-Saharan Africa

Lower middle income Lower middleincome Country data group 2005 2010 2010

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

16.5 6.1 .. 1,330 9.9 7.7 72.6 3.5 19.8 23.0 87.2 79.3 49.4   .. 119 12 58.0 6.2 53.2 .. .. ..   7.1 14.8 2.1 60.2 5.1     324 –4.3 8.1 3.0     .. .. 9.0 12.4 9.0 10.4 5.1 25.2 54.3     .. 129 7.6 9.8 1.1

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2012

19.1 2,519 7.1 994 .. .. 3,960 1,623 12.1 6.4 9.9 17.0 62.5 31.3 5.8 16.4 27.6 51.7 14.5 91.9 56.8 27.6 43.3 31.0     172 68 34 8 8 58.0 63.9 6.2 3.3 53.2 40.4 24.6 16.0 .. .. 0.9   12.2 34.2 13.1 7.7 21.7       1,725 301,804 –3.8 2.1 14.5 25.7 2.4 17.7       .. –3.6 .. .. 26.0 58.0 20.2 52.1 .. .. .. .. 20.3 40.1 –0.5 9.8 8.7       .. 48.6 202 644 5.4 46.7 71.7 10.0 13.5

23


Antigua and Barbuda Latin America & Caribbean

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2010 2010

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

0.08 0.09 2,452 .. .. 1,314 .. .. 5.8 12,000 13,280 5,886 4.4 0.8 6.3 2.0 1.9 7.4 16.7 18.8 36.8 2.1 1.8 21.3 81.2 79.3 55.8 2.1 3.4 2.7 2.7 48.7 44.1 28.8 65.6 53.8 26.9         Business environment .. 57 Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) 31 21 38 Time to start a business (days) 8 8 8 Procedures to start a business (number) 52.0 Firing cost (weeks of wages) 52.0 41.4 Resolving insolvency (years) 3.0 3.0 2.8 Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) 52.1 41.5 41.9 Profit tax (% of commercial profits) .. 26.0 17.0 New businesses registered (thousands) .. .. New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) .. .. 2.3 Enterprise surveys     .. .. Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) .. .. Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) .. .. Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) .. .. Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) .. .. ISO certification ownership (% of firms)           Private sector investment .. 6 259,433 Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) 21.6 8.0 2.7 Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) 35.9 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 17.8 27.5 Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) .. .. 18.5           Finance and banking .. .. .. Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) .. .. .. Government debt (% of GDP) 88.1 102.1 94.3 Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) 105.9 103.9 51.2 Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) .. .. 10.4 Bank capital to asset ratio (%) .. .. 3.7 Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) 60.3 75.3 83.2 Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) 4.8 8.9 Real interest rate (%) 7.5 7.6 5.8 Interest rate spread (percentage points)           Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) 33.0 .. 57.6 Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) .. .. 2,714 Power outages in firms a typical month (number) .. .. Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) 102.5 190.9 84.5 Internet users (per 100 people) 34.7 80.6 34.1

24

2012

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Argentina Latin America & Caribbean

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2010 2010

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

38.7 17.7 10.6 4,460 2.2 9.4 35.6 23.2 55.0 9.6 2.9 25.1 19.2   .. 30 13 165.0 2.8 108.1 .. 13.5 0.5   14.1 4.3 6.9 46.2 26.9     10,659 2.9 21.5 19.1     –0.5 .. 30.3 23.2 12.9 5.2 11.7 –2.5 2.4     30.0 2,422 1.0 57.3 17.7

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2012

40.4 2,452 18.4 1,314 8.6 5.8 8,620 5,886 6.4 6.3 10.0 7.4 30.9 36.8 20.5 21.3 59.1 55.8 10.8 3.9 21.7 28.8 18.4 26.9     113 26 38 14 8 95.0 41.4 2.8 2.8 108.2 41.9 2.8 17.0 11.9 0.5 2.3   20.8 8.7 30.3 54.2 18.2       11,198 259,433 1.9 2.7 22.0 27.5 .. 18.5       .. .. .. .. 24.8 94.3 21.4 51.2 11.9 10.4 1.8 3.7 14.6 83.2 –4.2 1.4 5.8       .. 57.6 2,759 2,714 2.7 141.8 84.5 36.0 34.1

25


Armenia Europe & Central Asia

Lower middle income Lower middleincome Country data group 2005 2010 2010

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

26

2012

3.1 1.4 28.4 1,470 12.3 20.9 45.3 14.8 33.8 0.6 457.7 28.8 43.2   .. 18 9 17.0 1.9 38.7 .. 2.5 1.2   3.1 70.5 44.6 2.5 6.3     454 4.9 29.8 ..     –1.0 .. 9.5 9.8 21.5 1.9 8.0 14.3 12.2     90.0 1,479 .. 10.4 5.3

3.1 2,519 1.4 994 28.6 .. 3,200 1,623 3.3 6.4 19.6 17.0 36.0 31.3 10.7 16.4 44.5 51.7 8.2 373.7 20.6 27.6 44.8 31.0     55 8 34 3 8 13.0 63.9 1.9 3.3 40.9 40.4 16.8 16.0 2.7 1.3 0.9   10.3 13.3 31.9 16.3 26.9       1,429 301,804 6.1 2.1 33.1 25.7 .. 17.7       –4.9 –3.6 .. .. 27.8 58.0 16.9 52.1 20.4 .. 3.0 .. 26.5 40.1 9.2 10.3 8.7       93.6 48.6 1,550 644 2.2 125.0 71.7 44.0 13.5

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Aruba High income Highincome group 2010 2010

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

0.10 .. 5.7 .. –0.8 .. .. .. .. 3.4 1.8 .. ..   .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..   .. .. .. .. ..     .. 13.7 .. ..     .. .. 57.7 54.3 .. .. 57.0 9.8 7.6     .. .. .. 102.4 25.4

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2012

0.11 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 2.1 1.8 .. ..   .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..   .. .. .. .. ..     .. .. .. ..     .. .. 65.6 69.2 .. .. .. .. 8.1     .. .. .. 122.0 41.8

1,127 551 8.5 38,746 0.6 1.3 23.6 14.8 75.1

27.8 28.0 17 6 38.4 2.1 37.4 13.0 6.8

.. 2.1 17.9 ..   –7.5 58.2 139.2 108.8 6.8 4.1 164.0 ..   81.1 9,064 110.5 73.4

27


Australia High income Highincome group 2010 2010

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

20.4 22.3 10.6 11.8 5.0 5.2 30,440 46,200 3.4 2.9 3.3 2.3 26.8 19.8 11.8 9.3 70.0 77.9 2.7 2.8 1.3 1.1 18.0 19.8 20.6 20.1       Business environment .. 15 Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) 2 2 Time to start a business (days) 2 2 Procedures to start a business (number) 4.0 Firing cost (weeks of wages) 4.0 Resolving insolvency (years) 1.0 1.0 Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) 52.8 47.7 Profit tax (% of commercial profits) .. 26.0 New businesses registered (thousands) 88.3 .. New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) 6.4 .. Enterprise surveys     .. .. Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) .. .. Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) .. .. Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) .. .. Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) .. .. ISO certification ownership (% of firms)         Private sector investment .. .. Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) –5.1 2.7 Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) 26.8 28.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) .. .. Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)         Finance and banking 1.3 Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) –2.4 Government debt (% of GDP) 22.3 24.1 Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) 104.8 127.1 Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) 72.6 97.6 Bank capital to asset ratio (%) 5.2 5.7 Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) 0.2 2.2 Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) 108.3 131.1 Real interest rate (%) 4.9 7.2 Interest rate spread (percentage points) 5.2 3.1         Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) 41.6 43.5 Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) 11,120 11,113 Power outages in firms a typical month (number) .. .. Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) 90.3 100.9 Internet users (per 100 people) 63.0 75.9

28

2012

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

1,127 551 8.5 38,746 0.6 1.3 23.6 14.8 75.1

27.8 28.0 17 6 38.4 2.1 37.4 13.0 6.8

.. 2.1 17.9 ..   –7.5 58.2 139.2 108.8 6.8 4.1 164.0 ..   81.1 9,064 110.5 73.4


Austria High income Highincome group 2010 2010

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

8.2 8.4 4.1 4.3 5.2 4.4 37,210 47,030 1.7 1.1 1.6 1.5 29.3 29.1 19.4 19.1 69.1 69.4 2.3 1.8 .. 0.8 53.8 54.0 49.9 49.7       .. 32 28 28 8 8 2.0 2.0 1.1 1.1 58.6 53.1 .. 15.0 3.6 3.2 0.6 0.6     .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..         .. .. 26.8 –6.8 21.9 20.5 .. ..         –2.0 –2.6 67.5 70.5 129.6 136.1 89.1 96.9 4.8 7.5 2.6 2.8 115.6 122.4 .. .. .. ..         100.0 100.0 7,978 7,944 .. .. 105.3 145.9 58.0 72.7

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2012

1,127 551 8.5 38,746 0.6 1.3 23.6 14.8 75.1

27.8 28.0 17 6 38.4 2.1 37.4 13.0 6.8

.. 2.1 17.9 ..   –7.5 58.2 139.2 108.8 6.8 4.1 164.0 ..   81.1 9,064 110.5 73.4

29


Azerbaijan Europe & Central Asia

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2010 2010

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

30

2012

8.4 4.0 8.1 1,270 12.7 9.9 63.6 7.0 26.5 9.7 0.9 62.9 52.9   .. 113 13 22.0 2.7 46.4 .. 5.5 1.0   5.2 68.4 0.4 2.0 10.3     731 12.7 41.3 37.5     .. .. 11.5 10.0 .. 21.5 9.5 0.8 8.5     50.6 2,407 .. 26.7 8.2

9.1 2,452 4.6 1,314 6.0 5.8 5,330 5,886 15.8 6.3 5.8 7.4 64.7 36.8 5.8 21.3 29.5 55.8 5.7 0.8 55.1 28.8 20.4 26.9     66 8 38 6 8 22.0 41.4 2.7 2.8 40.0 41.9 12.9 17.0 5.3 0.9 2.3   3.0 43.2 19.0 9.7 18.2       1,408 259,433 1.1 2.7 17.0 27.5 5.9 18.5       0.3 .. .. .. 22.9 94.3 12.1 51.2 .. 10.4 .. 3.7 18.3 83.2 8.5 9.1 5.8       .. 57.6 1,620 2,714 2.9 100.5 84.5 46.7 34.1

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Bahamas, The High income Highincome group 2010 2010

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

0.32 0.34 0.17 0.20 10.2 14.2 24,410 22,240 1.3 –0.8 2.2 2.0 15.4 14.4 4.5 4.3 82.4 83.6 1.6 1.3 1.0 1.0 45.2 42.0 48.0 51.2       .. 85 31 31 7 7 26.0 26.0 5.0 5.0 46.1 47.7 .. 0.0 .. .. .. ..     .. 3.9 .. 10.9 .. 14.6 .. 14.8 .. 31.1         .. .. 7.3 11.2 24.2 20.5 .. ..         –1.4 –3.2 30.0 44.2 79.7 97.4 67.4 75.2 .. .. .. .. 64.3 85.4 0.5 8.0 2.3 2.1         .. .. .. .. .. 3.1 71.3 124.9 25.0 43.0

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2012

1,127 551 8.5 38,746 0.6 1.3 23.6 14.8 75.1

27.8 28.0 17 6 38.4 2.1 37.4 13.0 6.8

.. 2.1 17.9 ..   –7.5 58.2 139.2 108.8 6.8 4.1 164.0 ..   81.1 9,064 110.5 73.4

31


Bahrain High income Highincome group 2010 2010

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

32

2012

0.72 1.3 0.34 0.71 9.0 .. 17,400 18,730 6.1 7.2 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 2.6 2.0 0.4 0.4 99.5 96.8 76.4 74.3       .. 38 9 9 7 7 4.0 4.0 2.5 2.5 15.0 15.0 .. 0.0 .. .. .. ..     .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..         .. .. 7.8 1.2 23.0 31.9 .. ..         7.6 .. 23.6 .. 62.6 94.6 64.6 86.2 .. .. .. .. 51.8 79.6 –3.0 –3.0 4.7 6.0         80.3 82.1 11,667 9,214 .. .. 105.8 124.2 21.3 55.0

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

1,127 551 8.5 38,746 0.6 1.3 23.6 14.8 75.1

27.8 28.0 17 6 38.4 2.1 37.4 13.0 6.8

.. 2.1 17.9 ..   –7.5 58.2 139.2 108.8 6.8 4.1 164.0 ..   81.1 9,064 110.5 73.4


Bangladesh South Asia

Low income Lowincome group 2010 2010

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

140.6 65.2 4.3 480 5.4 20.1 27.2 16.5 52.6 7.0 64.3 16.6 23.0   .. 50 8 104.0 4.0 35.3 .. .. ..   3.2 54.4 24.7 50.3 7.8     1,796 1.3 24.5 18.3     –1.1 36.2 49.9 39.8 4.7 13.2 33.8 8.5 5.9     9.5 175 101.6 6.4 0.2

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2012

148.7 72.3 5.0 700 6.2 18.6 28.5 17.9 53.0 8.1 69.6 18.4 25.0   122 19 7 104.0 4.0 35.0 25.7 .. ..   .. .. .. .. ..     4,591 0.9 24.4 19.4     –1.7 .. 63.2 51.7 6.5 11.2 47.1 6.1 5.9     .. 252 .. 46.2 3.7

796 364 .. 530 5.7 25.6 25.6 14.2 48.8

20.8 33.4 33 8 63.5 3.7 67.8 18.7 0.3

21,616 3.2 22.4 16.0   .. .. 34.8 31.7 .. .. 29.7 9.8   20.7 229 33.1 5.6

33


Barbados High income Highincome group 2010 2010

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

34

2012

0.27 0.27 0.15 0.16 9.1 8.1 11,000 12,660 0.2 –0.2 3.8 3.0 18.4 23.2 7.3 .. 77.9 73.8 6.1 5.8 2.0 2.0 59.4 47.3 69.3 52.4       .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..     .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..         .. .. 7.9 16.3 24.0 14.6 24.0 ..         –10.4 –5.6 91.6 92.7 98.4 114.1 108.5 130.3 .. .. .. .. 92.5 102.9 5.9 5.6 6.0 6.0         100.0 .. .. .. .. .. 76.2 127.8 56.1 70.0

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

1,127 551 8.5 38,746 0.6 1.3 23.6 14.8 75.1

27.8 28.0 17 6 38.4 2.1 37.4 13.0 6.8

.. 2.1 17.9 ..   –7.5 58.2 139.2 108.8 6.8 4.1 164.0 ..   81.1 9,064 110.5 73.4


Belarus Europe & Central Asia

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2010 2010

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

9.8 9.5 2,452 4.7 4.5 1,314 .. .. 5.8 2,780 5,950 5,886 7.6 7.1 6.3 9.8 9.2 7.4 41.8 43.9 36.8 33.1 31.2 21.3 48.5 46.9 55.8 10.3 7.7 2,153.8 2,978.5 59.8 54.6 28.8 59.1 68.3 26.9         Business environment .. 69 Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) 79 5 38 Time to start a business (days) 16 5 8 Procedures to start a business (number) 22.0 Firing cost (weeks of wages) 22.0 41.4 Resolving insolvency (years) 5.8 5.8 2.8 Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) 137.5 62.8 41.9 Profit tax (% of commercial profits) .. 20.2 17.0 New businesses registered (thousands) 1.6 5.5 New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) 0.2 0.8 2.3 Enterprise surveys     5.1 Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) 13.6 Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) 26.4 6.4 Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) 18.9 35.8 Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) 15.3 15.2 ISO certification ownership (% of firms) 11.0 13.9           Private sector investment 735 5,143 259,433 Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) 1.0 2.6 2.7 Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) 26.5 38.7 27.5 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 22.6 34.6 18.5 Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)           Finance and banking 0.2 –1.5 .. Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) 6.6 18.7 .. Government debt (% of GDP) 20.8 52.9 94.3 Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) 16.0 26.2 51.2 Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) 19.8 13.7 10.4 Bank capital to asset ratio (%) 3.1 3.5 3.7 Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) 15.9 44.8 83.2 Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) –6.4 –0.9 Real interest rate (%) 2.1 0.1 5.8 Interest rate spread (percentage points)           Infrastructure 88.6 .. 57.6 Paved roads (% of total roads) 3,208 3,299 2,714 Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) .. Power outages in firms a typical month (number) 1.4 Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) 41.9 108.9 84.5 Internet users (per 100 people) 16.3 32.1 34.1 The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2012

35


Belgium High income Highincome group 2010 2010

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

10.5 10.9 4.7 4.9 8.4 8.3 36,600 45,840 1.6 0.9 0.8 0.7 24.0 21.8 17.1 14.0 75.1 77.5 2.8 2.2 .. 0.8 78.7 80.0 74.8 77.3       Business environment .. 28 Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) 34 4 Time to start a business (days) 4 3 Procedures to start a business (number) 16.0 Firing cost (weeks of wages) 16.0 Resolving insolvency (years) 0.9 0.9 Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) 60.2 57.3 Profit tax (% of commercial profits) .. 5.2 New businesses registered (thousands) 25.5 29.5 New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) 3.7 4.3 Enterprise surveys     .. .. Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) .. .. Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) .. .. Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) .. .. Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) .. .. ISO certification ownership (% of firms)         Private sector investment .. .. Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) 8.9 15.5 Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) 20.7 20.2 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) .. .. Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)         Finance and banking –2.7 –3.3 Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) 89.3 91.8 Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) 103.2 116.2 Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) 99.7 107.5 Bank capital to asset ratio (%) 2.7 5.0 Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) 2.0 2.8 Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) 73.8 94.9 Real interest rate (%) 4.3 8.2 Interest rate spread (percentage points) 5.2 ..         Infrastructure 78.2 Paved roads (% of total roads) 78.2 Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) 8,510 7,903 Power outages in firms a typical month (number) .. .. Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) 91.7 111.5 Internet users (per 100 people) 59.4 73.7

36

2012

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

1,127 551 8.5 38,746 0.6 1.3 23.6 14.8 75.1

27.8 28.0 17 6 38.4 2.1 37.4 13.0 6.8

.. 2.1 17.9 ..   –7.5 58.2 139.2 108.8 6.8 4.1 164.0 ..   81.1 9,064 110.5 73.4


Belize Latin America & Caribbean

Lower middle income Lower middleincome Country data group 2005 2010 2010

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

0.29 0.11 11.0 3,580 5.7 15.3 17.4 9.1 67.3 3.6 2.0 54.6 62.7   .. 45 9 24.0 1.0 34.7 .. 0.8 4.6   .. .. .. .. ..     280 11.4 18.5 ..     .. .. 56.6 52.7 .. .. 53.0 11.5 6.5     .. .. .. 32.9 8.9

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2012

0.35 2,519 0.14 994 8.2 .. 3,810 1,623 2.3 6.4 12.2 17.0 22.8 31.3 14.3 16.4 65.1 51.7 0.9 2.0 62.1 27.6 70.0 31.0     93 44 34 9 8 24.0 63.9 1.0 3.3 33.2 40.4 0.0 16.0 0.5 3.0 0.9   .. .. .. .. ..       220 301,804 6.9 2.1 25.5 25.7 .. 17.7       .. –3.6 .. .. 67.2 58.0 69.0 52.1 .. .. .. .. 62.2 40.1 12.8 6.1 8.7       .. 48.6 .. 644 .. 56.3 71.7 12.6 13.5

37


Benin Sub-Saharan Africa

Low income Lowincome group 2010 2010

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

38

2012

7.6 3.0 0.7 570 3.9 32.2 13.4 7.5 54.4 5.4 527.5 13.5 26.1   .. 31 7 36.0 4.0 75.8 .. .. ..   6.5 21.2 24.3 71.7 2.7     707 1.2 18.9 12.2     –0.6 .. 16.5 16.7 .. .. 16.6 .. ..     9.5 77 .. 7.8 1.3

8.9 3.6 .. 780 4.2 .. .. .. .. 2.3 495.3 14.1 27.7   175 29 6 36.0 4.0 66.0 14.8 .. ..   20.7 26.8 4.2 86.8 7.3     794 1.7 25.8 15.9     –1.0 .. .. .. .. .. 23.1 .. ..     .. 91 13.9 79.9 3.1

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

796 364 .. 530 5.7 25.6 25.6 14.2 48.8

20.8 33.4 33 8 63.5 3.7 67.8 18.7 0.3

21,616 3.2 22.4 16.0   .. .. 34.8 31.7 .. .. 29.7 9.8   20.7 229 33.1 5.6


Bermuda High income Highincome group 2010 2010

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

0.06 .. .. .. 2.3 0.8 10.4 .. 88.7 .. 1.0 24.9 37.6   .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..   .. .. .. .. ..     .. 0.9 .. ..     .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..     .. .. .. 82.9 66.0 2012

0.06 .. .. .. 0.3 0.8 7.8 .. 91.4 .. 1.0 26.3 36.1   .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..   .. .. .. .. ..     .. 3.6 .. ..     .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..     .. .. .. 136.5 84.7

1,127 551 8.5 38,746 0.6 1.3 23.6 14.8 75.1

27.8 28.0 17 6 38.4 2.1 37.4 13.0 6.8

.. 2.1 17.9 ..   –7.5 58.2 139.2 108.8 6.8 4.1 164.0 ..   81.1 9,064 110.5 73.4

39


Bhutan South Asia

Lower middle income Lower middleincome Country data group 2005 2010 2010

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

40

2012

0.66 0.31 3.1 1,070 8.3 23.2 37.3 7.4 39.5 5.3 44.1 39.1 62.8   .. 62 10 10.0 .. 40.8 .. 0.0 0.0   .. .. .. .. ..     .. 1.1 49.9 39.8     –1.0 79.5 19.2 50.6 .. .. 18.2 7.4 9.5     62.0 .. .. 5.5 3.8

0.73 2,519 0.36 994 4.0 .. 1,870 1,623 8.8 6.4 18.7 17.0 43.2 31.3 8.4 16.4 38.1 51.7 2.0 45.7 64.7 27.6 72.0 31.0     142 36 34 8 8 10.0 63.9 .. 3.3 40.8 40.4 36.3 16.0 0.0 0.0 0.9   16.0 2.5 64.2 14.8 5.4       219 301,804 1.3 2.1 41.3 25.7 29.8 17.7       0.5 –3.6 56.8 .. 37.8 58.0 69.3 52.1 9.3 .. 5.2 .. 43.3 40.1 .. .. 8.7       .. 48.6 .. 644 3.1 54.3 71.7 13.6 13.5

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Bolivia Latin America & Caribbean

Lower middle income Lower middleincome Country data group 2005 2010 2010

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

9.1 4.0 5.4 1,030 3.1 14.4 32.0 14.2 53.6 5.4 8.1 35.5 32.1   .. 50 15 ..a 1.8 80.0 .. 1.5 0.3   13.5 19.6 22.2 15.2 13.8     1,422 –2.5 13.0 6.1     –3.7 .. 43.6 37.4 11.3 11.3 45.0 10.1 11.7     6.9 477 0.8 26.5 5.2

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2012

9.9 2,519 4.6 994 .. .. 1,810 1,623 4.7 6.4 12.9 17.0 37.3 31.3 13.9 16.4 49.9 51.7 2.5 7.0 41.2 27.6 34.3 31.0     153 50 34 15 8 a .. 63.9 1.8 3.3 80.0 40.4 0.0 16.0 2.5 0.4 0.9   28.5 3.4 27.8 21.2 22.4       422 301,804 3.2 2.1 16.6 25.7 7.1 17.7       .. –3.6 .. .. 38.6 58.0 44.7 52.1 8.4 .. 2.2 .. 40.3 40.1 1.0 8.9 8.7       7.9 48.6 558 644 3.1 72.3 71.7 20.0 13.5

41


Bosnia and Herzegovina Europe & Central Asia

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2010 2010

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

42

2012

3.8 1.4 31.8 3,000 5.0 10.5 25.1 11.3 64.4 6.1 1.6 32.7 72.9   .. 63 12 31.0 3.3 44.1 .. .. ..   4.1 67.6 38.1 6.8 16.4     .. 5.6 21.9 14.7     2.1 .. 37.9 34.2 14.4 5.3 43.9 7.3 6.0     52.3 2,380 .. 42.2 21.3

3.8 2,452 1.5 1,314 27.2 5.8 4,770 5,886 3.2 6.3 7.6 7.4 28.0 36.8 13.7 21.3 64.4 55.8 2.2 1.5 35.9 28.8 56.7 26.9     125 40 38 12 8 31.0 41.4 3.3 2.8 25.0 41.9 7.1 17.0 1.9 0.6 2.3   11.2 1.5 59.7 50.2 30.1       2,011 259,433 1.4 2.7 17.1 27.5 10.8 18.5       –2.3 .. .. .. 48.5 94.3 40.8 51.2 17.6 10.4 11.4 3.7 64.1 83.2 6.6 4.7 5.8       .. 57.6 2,867 2,714 2.5 82.7 84.5 52.0 34.1

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Botswana Sub-Saharan Africa

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2010 2010

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

1.9 0.92 17.6 5,070 5.8 1.8 50.6 3.7 47.6 8.6 5.1 51.2 34.5   .. 108 11 90.0 2.2 17.2 .. .. ..   5.0 4.5 11.3 25.5 12.7     104 4.8 24.5 17.3     .. .. 19.8 26.5 9.8 3.5 19.1 5.8 6.5     32.6 1,421 1.7 30.1 3.3

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2012

2.0 2,452 1.0 1,314 .. 5.8 6,740 5,886 2.4 6.3 2.4 7.4 45.1 36.8 4.0 21.3 52.4 55.8 6.9 6.8 32.6 28.8 39.7 26.9     54 61 38 10 8 90.0 41.4 1.7 2.8 19.4 41.9 15.9 17.0 .. .. 2.3   10.2 8.4 32.8 39.2 21.3       243 259,433 1.8 2.7 26.3 27.5 13.1 18.5       .. .. .. .. 24.0 94.3 39.8 51.2 .. 10.4 .. 3.7 23.4 83.2 –2.8 5.9 5.8       .. 57.6 1,503 2,714 4.5 117.8 84.5 6.0 34.1

43


Brazil Latin America & Caribbean

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2010 2010

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

44

2012

186.0 194.9 2,452 94.5 101.6 1,314 9.3 8.3 5.8 3,960 9,390 5,886 2.8 4.2 6.3 5.7 5.8 7.4 29.3 26.8 36.8 18.1 15.8 21.3 65.0 67.4 55.8 6.9 5.0 2.4 1.8 15.1 11.2 28.8 11.5 12.1 26.9         .. 126 152 119 38 17 13 8 46.0 46.0 41.4 10.0 4.0 2.8 69.1 67.1 41.9 .. 22.4 17.0 243.6 315.6 1.9 2.4 2.3     7.2 18.7 .. 16.4 27.8 48.4 .. 36.8 .. 25.7           71,479 117,997 259,433 1.7 2.3 2.7 15.9 18.4 27.5 13.4 15.7 18.5           –3.6 –3.5 .. 55.8 61.0 .. 73.6 89.1 94.3 51.3 63.6 51.2 9.8 11.1 10.4 3.5 3.1 3.7 31.4 56.6 83.2 44.9 30.4 37.8 31.1 5.8           .. .. 57.6 2,020 2,206 2,714 .. 2.7 46.4 104.1 84.5 21.0 40.7 34.1

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Brunei Darussalam High income Highincome group 2010 2010

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

0.36 0.40 0.18 0.20 .. .. 23,210 31,800 2.2 0.0 0.9 0.6 71.6 74.1 12.3 13.7 27.5 25.3 1.2 0.4 1.7 1.4 70.2 78.3 27.3 27.6       .. 83 116 101 18 15 4.0 4.0 2.5 2.5 37.4 16.8 .. 8.3 .. .. .. ..     .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..         .. .. 1.8 3.0 11.4 13.7 .. ..         .. .. .. .. 12.3 26.5 53.9 69.7 .. .. .. .. 40.3 44.5 –11.2 35.4 4.5 5.0         78.4 81.1 8,672 8,662 .. .. 64.1 109.0 36.5 50.0

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2012

1,127 551 8.5 38,746 0.6 1.3 23.6 14.8 75.1

27.8 28.0 17 6 38.4 2.1 37.4 13.0 6.8

.. 2.1 17.9 ..   –7.5 58.2 139.2 108.8 6.8 4.1 164.0 ..   81.1 9,064 110.5 73.4

45


Bulgaria Europe & Central Asia

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2010 2010

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

46

2012

7.7 3.4 10.1 3,640 5.5 9.1 29.0 16.3 61.9 5.0 1.6 40.5 55.6   .. 32 11 9.0 3.3 46.0 .. 29.3 5.7   3.0 42.6 37.7 22.1 12.1     5,587 14.9 25.7 21.3     3.2 .. 44.9 41.5 7.4 2.2 41.0 1.2 5.6     98.4 4,122 3.9 80.7 20.0

7.5 2,452 3.5 1,314 10.2 5.8 6,280 5,886 2.6 6.3 5.4 7.4 31.4 36.8 16.2 21.3 63.3 55.8 2.4 1.5 57.8 28.8 59.7 26.9     59 18 38 4 8 9.0 41.4 3.3 2.8 28.1 41.9 4.9 17.0 35.5 7.2 2.3   10.6 6.6 34.7 44.8 19.9       5,202 259,433 4.9 2.7 23.5 27.5 18.7 18.5       –0.1 .. .. .. 78.3 94.3 60.6 51.2 10.5 10.4 11.9 3.7 74.6 83.2 8.0 7.1 5.8       .. 57.6 4,401 2,714 3.7 135.4 84.5 46.0 34.1

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Burkina Faso Sub-Saharan Africa

Low income Lowincome group 2010 2010

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

14.2 6.4 2.7 390 6.1 34.1 22.7 14.6 43.2 6.4 527.5 10.0 25.6   .. 40 12 34.0 4.0 47.6 .. 0.5 0.1   9.5 19.5 23.1 19.6 7.4     42 0.6 19.4 11.1     –5.4 .. 16.6 13.6 .. .. 16.6 .. ..     4.2 .. 10.1 4.5 0.5

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2012

16.5 7.5 .. 550 5.0 .. .. .. .. –0.8 495.3 .. ..   150 13 3 34.0 4.0 43.6 14.8 0.6 0.1   22.2 6.7 25.6 23.1 14.4     980 0.4 .. ..     –5.7 .. .. .. .. .. 17.6 .. ..     .. .. 10.8 34.7 1.4

796 364 .. 530 5.7 25.6 25.6 14.2 48.8

20.8 33.4 33 8 63.5 3.7 67.8 18.7 0.3

21,616 3.2 22.4 16.0   .. .. 34.8 31.7 .. .. 29.7 9.8   20.7 229 33.1 5.6

47


Burundi Sub-Saharan Africa

Low income Lowincome group 2010 2010

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

7.3 8.4 3.5 4.3 .. .. 100 170 2.2 4.1 34.8 .. 20.0 .. 8.8 .. 45.1 .. 13.5 6.4 1,081.6 1,230.7 11.4 .. 45.3 ..       Business environment .. 169 Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) 14 14 Time to start a business (days) 9 9 Procedures to start a business (number) 26.0 Firing cost (weeks of wages) 26.0 Resolving insolvency (years) .. .. Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) 278.7 46.2 Profit tax (% of commercial profits) .. 37.4 New businesses registered (thousands) .. .. New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) .. .. Enterprise surveys     Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) 5.7 .. Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) 22.6 .. Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) 12.3 .. Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) 24.1 .. ISO certification ownership (% of firms) 7.1 ..         Private sector investment 54 .. Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) 0.1 0.0 Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) 10.5 .. Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 1.7 .. Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)         Finance and banking .. .. Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) .. .. Government debt (% of GDP) 19.2 27.9 Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) 24.0 31.6 Bank capital to asset ratio (%) .. .. Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) .. .. Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) 22.3 25.5 Real interest rate (%) 1.6 4.3 Interest rate spread (percentage points) .. ..         Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) 10.4 .. Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) .. .. Power outages in firms a typical month (number) 12.0 .. Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) 2.1 13.7 Internet users (per 100 people) 0.5 2.1

48

2012

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

796 364 .. 530 5.7 25.6 25.6 14.2 48.8

20.8 33.4 33 8 63.5 3.7 67.8 18.7 0.3

21,616 3.2 22.4 16.0   .. .. 34.8 31.7 .. .. 29.7 9.8   20.7 229 33.1 5.6


Cambodia East Asia & Pacific

Low income Lowincome group 2010 2010

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

13.4 14.1 6.9 8.0 .. 1.7 460 750 9.1 6.4 32.4 36.0 26.4 23.3 18.8 15.6 41.2 40.7 6.3 4.0 4,092.5 4,184.9 64.1 54.1 72.7 59.5       Business environment .. 138 Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) 86 85 Time to start a business (days) 10 9 Procedures to start a business (number) 39.0 Firing cost (weeks of wages) 39.0 Resolving insolvency (years) 6.0 6.0 Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) 22.6 22.5 Profit tax (% of commercial profits) .. 18.9 New businesses registered (thousands) 1.5 2.0 New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) 0.2 0.2 Enterprise surveys     Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) 5.6 .. Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) 60.3 .. Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) 11.3 .. Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) 15.5 .. ISO certification ownership (% of firms) 2.8 ..         Private sector investment 343 2,939 Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) 6.1 7.0 Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) 18.9 16.2 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 13.5 9.7 Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)         Finance and banking 0.0 –3.7 Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) .. .. Government debt (% of GDP) 8.7 27.1 Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) 14.3 35.7 Bank capital to asset ratio (%) .. .. Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) .. .. Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) 9.0 27.6 Real interest rate (%) .. .. Interest rate spread (percentage points) .. ..         Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) 6.3 .. Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) 57 131 Power outages in firms a typical month (number) 27.0 .. Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) 8.0 57.6 Internet users (per 100 people) 0.3 1.3 The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2012

796 364 .. 530 5.7 25.6 25.6 14.2 48.8

20.8 33.4 33 8 63.5 3.7 67.8 18.7 0.3

21,616 3.2 22.4 16.0   .. .. 34.8 31.7 .. .. 29.7 9.8   20.7 229 33.1 5.6

49


Cameroon Sub-Saharan Africa

Lower middle income Lower middleincome Country data group 2005 2010 2010

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

50

2012

17.6 7.1 4.4 930 3.8 19.5 30.4 17.7 50.1 2.0 527.5 20.5 21.5   .. 45 11 33.0 3.2 50.9 .. .. ..   12.8 65.4 19.5 78.9 16.4     486 1.4 17.7 15.2     .. .. 10.8 13.1 .. .. 9.7 14.6 12.7     17.4 188 12.7 12.8 1.4

19.6 2,519 8.2 994 .. .. 1,200 1,623 2.9 6.4 .. 17.0 .. 31.3 .. 16.4 .. 51.7 1.3 495.3 28.9 27.6 32.0 31.0     161 15 34 5 8 33.0 63.9 3.2 3.3 49.1 40.4 29.9 16.0 .. .. 0.9   7.0 30.8 31.4 17.6 20.4       1,842 301,804 0.0 2.1 .. 25.7 12.6 17.7       .. –3.6 .. .. 10.0 58.0 15.1 52.1 .. .. .. .. 11.9 40.1 .. .. 8.7       17.0 48.6 271 644 10.6 44.1 71.7 4.0 13.5

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Canada High income Highincome group 2010 2010

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

32.3 34.1 17.8 19.0 6.8 8.0 33,110 43,250 2.5 0.9 1.8 .. 32.4 .. 15.0 .. 65.8 .. 2.2 1.8 1.2 1.0 37.8 29.4 34.1 31.3       .. 13 3 5 2 1 28.0 28.0 0.8 0.8 49.1 28.8 .. 9.3 160.0 174.0 7.2 7.6     .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..         .. .. 2.3 1.5 21.3 22.1 .. ..         0.8 –2.0 47.0 52.6 148.6 176.7 149.5 123.0 5.6 4.7 0.5 1.2 178.2 128.2 1.1 –0.3 3.6 2.6         39.9 .. 17,319 15,471 .. .. 52.7 70.4 71.6 81.3

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2012

1,127 551 8.5 38,746 0.6 1.3 23.6 14.8 75.1

27.8 28.0 17 6 38.4 2.1 37.4 13.0 6.8

.. 2.1 17.9 ..   –7.5 58.2 139.2 108.8 6.8 4.1 164.0 ..   81.1 9,064 110.5 73.4

51


Cape Verde Sub-Saharan Africa

Lower middle income Lower middleincome Country data group 2005 2010 2010

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

52

2012

0.47 0.19 .. 2,080 5.2 9.0 15.7 .. 75.3 0.4 88.7 37.8 66.6   .. 52 12 91.0 .. 53.1 .. .. ..   12.2 10.4 26.3 7.8 12.2     .. 8.3 35.8 23.0     –2.9 .. 59.9 72.6 .. .. 39.1 13.9 8.9     .. .. 12.5 17.3 6.1

0.50 2,519 0.22 994 .. .. 3,270 1,623 6.6 6.4 10.3 17.0 16.2 31.3 .. 16.4 73.5 51.7 2.1 83.3 39.3 27.6 67.3 31.0     119 11 34 8 8 93.0 63.9 .. 3.3 37.8 40.4 18.6 16.0 .. .. 0.9   3.9 1.1 35.3 30.5 15.9       44 301,804 6.8 2.1 47.1 25.7 28.2 17.7       –3.7 –3.6 .. .. .. 58.0 .. 52.1 .. .. .. .. 62.5 40.1 7.4 7.9 8.7       .. 48.6 .. 644 4.9 75.0 71.7 30.0 13.5

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Cayman Islands High income Highincome group 2010 2010

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

0.05 .. 3.5 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.8 .. ..   .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..   .. .. .. .. ..     .. .. .. ..     .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..     .. .. .. 154.9 38.0

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2012

0.06 .. 4.0 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..   .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..   .. .. .. .. ..     .. .. .. ..     .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..     .. .. .. 177.6 66.0

1,127 551 8.5 38,746 0.6 1.3 23.6 14.8 75.1

27.8 28.0 17 6 38.4 2.1 37.4 13.0 6.8

.. 2.1 17.9 ..   –7.5 58.2 139.2 108.8 6.8 4.1 164.0 ..   81.1 9,064 110.5 73.4

53


Central African Republic Sub-Saharan Africa

Low income Lowincome group 2010 2010

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

54

2012

4.0 1.8 .. 340 –1.6 54.4 14.1 7.4 31.4 2.9 527.5 12.6 21.4   .. 22 11 22.0 4.8 65.7 .. .. ..   .. .. .. .. ..     .. 2.4 8.9 4.9     –0.5 .. 8.5 5.1 .. .. 6.8 13.5 12.7     .. .. .. 2.5 0.3

4.4 2.1 .. 470 2.8 56.5 14.8 .. 28.7 1.5 495.3 14.6 22.7   182 21 7 22.0 4.8 54.6 0.0 .. ..   .. .. .. .. ..     31 3.6 10.8 7.0     .. .. 8.0 8.0 .. .. 8.7 .. ..     .. .. .. 22.3 2.3

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

796 364 .. 530 5.7 25.6 25.6 14.2 48.8

20.8 33.4 33 8 63.5 3.7 67.8 18.7 0.3

21,616 3.2 22.4 16.0   .. .. 34.8 31.7 .. .. 29.7 9.8   20.7 229 33.1 5.6


Chad Sub-Saharan Africa

Low income Lowincome group 2010 2010

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

9.8 3.8 .. 430 17.2 12.3 60.4 5.3 27.3 7.9 527.5 61.0 43.8   .. 75 13 36.0 4.0 63.7 .. .. ..   .. .. .. .. ..     11 –1.9 16.7 8.9     .. .. 4.7 3.0 .. .. 3.2 15.1 12.7     .. .. .. 2.1 0.4

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2012

11.2 4.4 .. 620 0.2 13.6 48.8 6.6 37.5 10.0 495.3 43.9 68.7   183 66 11 36.0 4.0 65.4 31.3 .. ..   20.8 21.2 4.2 10.6 43.3     591 10.3 35.8 25.6     .. .. 7.0 5.9 .. .. 5.7 .. ..     .. .. 22.6 23.8 1.7

796 364 .. 530 5.7 25.6 25.6 14.2 48.8

20.8 33.4 33 8 63.5 3.7 67.8 18.7 0.3

21,616 3.2 22.4 16.0   .. .. 34.8 31.7 .. .. 29.7 9.8   20.7 229 33.1 5.6

55


Channel Islands High income Highincome group 2010 2010

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

56

2012

0.15 .. .. 57,380 –1.2 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..   .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..   .. .. .. .. ..     .. .. .. ..     .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..     .. .. .. .. ..

0.15 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..   .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..   .. .. .. .. ..     .. .. .. ..     .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..     .. .. .. .. ..

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

1,127 551 8.5 38,746 0.6 1.3 23.6 14.8 75.1

27.8 28.0 17 6 38.4 2.1 37.4 13.0 6.8

.. 2.1 17.9 ..   –7.5 58.2 139.2 108.8 6.8 4.1 164.0 ..   81.1 9,064 110.5 73.4


Chile Latin America & Caribbean

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2010 2010

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

16.3 17.1 2,452 6.8 8.0 1,314 8.0 8.1 5.8 5,920 10,120 5,886 4.2 3.0 6.3 4.6 3.2 7.4 43.4 42.9 36.8 16.3 11.5 21.3 52.0 53.9 55.8 .. 1.4 559.8 510.2 41.3 38.7 28.8 32.8 31.8 26.9         .. 39 27 7 38 9 7 8 52.0 52.0 41.4 5.6 4.5 2.8 25.7 25.0 41.9 .. 18.0 17.0 22.7 23.5 2.1 2.1 2.3     9.0 9.9 7.6 0.4 29.1 44.8 22.9 21.1 22.0 22.1           8,980 4,840 259,433 5.9 7.1 2.7 21.2 20.0 27.5 .. .. 18.5           4.6 –0.4 .. .. .. .. 64.5 71.1 94.3 50.1 53.4 51.2 6.9 8.3 10.4 0.9 2.7 3.7 80.3 86.3 83.2 –0.8 –8.4 2.7 3.0 5.8           21.0 22.5 57.6 3,073 3,283 2,714 1.7 1.7 64.8 116.0 84.5 31.2 45.0 34.1

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2012

57


China East Asia & Pacific

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2010 2010

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

1,303.7 1,338.3 2,452 767.1 799.8 1,314 4.2 4.3 5.8 1,740 4,270 5,886 9.8 11.1 6.3 12.1 10.1 7.4 47.4 46.8 36.8 32.5 29.6 21.3 40.5 43.1 55.8 1.8 3.3 8.2 6.8 37.1 29.6 28.8 31.6 25.7 26.9         Business environment .. 91 Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) 48 38 38 Time to start a business (days) 13 14 8 Procedures to start a business (number) 91.0 Firing cost (weeks of wages) 91.0 41.4 Resolving insolvency (years) 2.4 1.7 2.8 Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) 80.0 63.5 41.9 Profit tax (% of commercial profits) .. 5.9 17.0 New businesses registered (thousands) .. .. New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) .. .. 2.3 Enterprise surveys     Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) 18.3 .. Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) 38.7 .. Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) 28.8 .. Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) 27.8 .. ISO certification ownership (% of firms) 35.9 ..           Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) 38,478 27,899 259,433 5.2 3.1 2.7 Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) 40.1 45.4 27.5 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 12.6 23.7 18.5 Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)           Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) –2.1 .. .. Government debt (% of GDP) .. .. .. Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) 122.5 140.2 94.3 Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) 44.4 55.1 51.2 Bank capital to asset ratio (%) 4.4 6.1 10.4 Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) 8.6 1.1 3.7 Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) 113.3 130.0 83.2 Real interest rate (%) 1.6 –0.7 Interest rate spread (percentage points) 3.3 3.1 5.8           Infrastructure 40.8 Paved roads (% of total roads) 53.5 57.6 Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) 1,783 2,631 2,714 Power outages in firms a typical month (number) .. .. Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) 30.2 64.2 84.5 Internet users (per 100 people) 8.5 34.4 34.1

58

2012

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Colombia Latin America & Caribbean

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2010 2010

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

43.0 46.3 2,452 19.8 22.1 1,314 11.3 11.6 5.8 2,940 5,510 5,886 3.7 4.4 6.3 8.4 7.0 7.4 32.6 36.2 36.8 15.3 15.1 21.3 59.0 56.7 55.8 5.0 2.3 2,320.8 1,898.6 17.0 15.7 28.8 18.8 17.9 26.9         Business environment .. 42 Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) 42 14 38 Time to start a business (days) 11 9 8 Procedures to start a business (number) 59.0 Firing cost (weeks of wages) 59.0 41.4 Resolving insolvency (years) 3.0 1.3 2.8 Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) 82.1 74.8 41.9 Profit tax (% of commercial profits) .. 18.9 17.0 New businesses registered (thousands) 24.8 31.1 New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) 0.9 1.1 2.3 Enterprise surveys     Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) 14.3 12.9 Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) 1.1 1.5 Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) 30.6 35.0 Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) 26.4 20.9 ISO certification ownership (% of firms) 5.9 20.8           Private sector investment 3,734 12,195 259,433 Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) 7.0 2.4 2.7 Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) 19.7 23.1 27.5 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) .. .. 18.5 Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)           Finance and banking –1.9 –3.4 .. Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) 53.6 62.7 .. Government debt (% of GDP) 32.2 40.0 94.3 Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) 16.5 19.7 51.2 Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) 12.3 14.3 10.4 Bank capital to asset ratio (%) 2.7 2.9 3.7 Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) 29.3 43.4 83.2 Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) 8.5 5.5 Real interest rate (%) 7.5 5.7 5.8 Interest rate spread (percentage points)           Infrastructure .. .. 57.6 Paved roads (% of total roads) 903 1,047 2,714 Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) 1.0 1.2 Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) 50.8 96.1 84.5 Internet users (per 100 people) 11.0 36.5 34.1 The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2012

59


Comoros Sub-Saharan Africa

Low income Lowincome group 2010 2010

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

60

2012

0.64 0.21 .. 610 2.6 51.0 11.0 4.4 38.0 3.0 395.6 14.1 35.8   .. 24 11 100.0 .. 217.9 .. .. ..   .. .. .. .. ..     0.5 0.1 9.3 4.8     .. .. 8.7 17.2 .. .. 9.5 8.5 8.0     .. .. .. 2.4 3.2

0.74 0.24 .. 750 1.3 46.3 12.1 4.3 41.6 –0.1 371.5 14.7 48.2   157 24 11 100.0 .. 217.9 31.4 .. ..   .. .. .. .. ..     .. 1.7 12.4 7.7     .. .. 19.7 25.8 .. .. 19.1 6.4 8.8     .. .. .. 22.5 5.1

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

796 364 .. 530 5.7 25.6 25.6 14.2 48.8

20.8 33.4 33 8 63.5 3.7 67.8 18.7 0.3

21,616 3.2 22.4 16.0   .. .. 34.8 31.7 .. .. 29.7 9.8   20.7 229 33.1 5.6


Congo, Dem. Rep. Sub-Saharan Africa

Low income Lowincome group 2010 2010

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

57.4 21.5 .. 120 4.4 45.5 26.9 6.6 27.5 21.3 473.9 34.5 42.7   .. 133 14 31.0 5.2 287.1 .. .. ..   6.3 64.4 3.3 20.5 4.3     473 3.0 14.2 10.5     –1.0 .. 2.4 4.2 .. .. 1.9 29.5 32.6     1.8 85 17.5 4.8 0.2

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2012

66.0 25.3 .. 180 5.4 42.9 24.0 5.5 33.0 17.3 905.9 26.0 38.8   178 65 10 31.0 5.2 339.7 58.9 .. ..   29.4 54.4 6.7 48.0 8.5     1,054 22.4 28.7 5.8     3.8 .. 7.3 11.3 .. .. 6.6 27.8 39.7     .. 104 21.8 17.9 0.7

796 364 .. 530 5.7 25.6 25.6 14.2 48.8

20.8 33.4 33 8 63.5 3.7 67.8 18.7 0.3

21,616 3.2 22.4 16.0   .. .. 34.8 31.7 .. .. 29.7 9.8   20.7 229 33.1 5.6

61


Congo, Rep. Sub-Saharan Africa

Lower middle income Lower middleincome Country data group 2005 2010 2010

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

62

2012

3.5 1.4 .. 980 3.7 4.5 71.9 4.0 23.6 3.1 527.5 84.2 54.5   .. 37 10 33.0 3.3 65.4 .. .. ..   .. .. .. .. ..     62 8.4 19.7 13.5     19.5 .. 3.0 7.0 .. .. 2.4 –3.0 12.7     7.1 120 .. 15.8 1.5

4.0 2,519 1.7 994 .. .. 2,240 1,623 4.8 6.4 3.8 17.0 75.4 31.3 3.8 16.4 20.8 51.7 5.0 495.3 85.1 27.6 54.7 31.0     181 160 34 10 8 33.0 63.9 3.3 3.3 65.9 40.4 18.1 16.0 .. .. 0.9   6.0 37.1 7.7 8.5 19.6       1,143 301,804 23.5 2.1 20.3 25.7 10.2 17.7       .. –3.6 .. .. 6.0 58.0 15.0 52.1 .. .. .. .. 5.5 40.1 .. .. 8.7       .. 48.6 146 644 25.3 94.0 71.7 5.0 13.5

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Costa Rica Latin America & Caribbean

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2010 2010

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

4.3 1.9 6.6 4,680 4.3 8.7 29.2 21.7 62.1 13.8 477.8 48.5 54.0   .. 77 12 29.0 3.5 54.8 .. 30.9 11.0   9.6 0.0 14.9 48.6 10.5     545 4.3 18.7 17.7     .. .. 43.4 22.3 13.4 1.4 35.6 12.7 14.5     25.2 1,726 .. 25.6 22.1

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2012

4.7 2,452 2.2 1,314 7.8 5.8 6,810 5,886 4.0 6.3 6.9 7.4 26.1 36.8 17.4 21.3 66.9 55.8 5.7 525.8 38.1 28.8 41.2 26.9     121 60 38 12 8 29.0 41.4 3.5 2.8 55.0 41.9 18.9 17.0 26.8 8.8 2.3   8.4 7.6 22.2 39.0 13.3       597 259,433 4.1 2.7 19.6 27.5 20.1 18.5       –3.4 .. .. .. 52.8 94.3 23.1 51.2 14.4 10.4 1.9 3.7 45.9 83.2 8.6 11.8 5.8       26.0 57.6 1,813 2,714 2.8 65.1 84.5 36.5 34.1

63


Côte d’Ivoire Sub-Saharan Africa

Lower middle income Lower middleincome Country data group 2005 2010 2010

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

64

2012

18.0 7.0 .. 870 –0.2 22.8 25.9 19.3 51.3 3.9 527.5 51.1 43.6   .. 45 11 49.0 2.2 48.4 .. .. ..   .. .. .. .. ..     311 1.9 9.7 7.0     –6.7 96.4 15.9 14.3 .. .. 13.8 .. ..     8.1 175 .. 13.0 1.0

19.7 2,519 7.8 994 .. .. 1,160 1,623 2.4 6.4 22.9 17.0 27.4 31.3 19.2 16.4 49.7 51.7 1.7 495.3 40.9 27.6 36.3 31.0     167 32 34 10 8 49.0 63.9 2.2 3.3 44.3 40.4 8.8 16.0 .. .. 0.9   1.6 13.6 13.9 20.9 4.3       1,204 301,804 1.8 2.1 13.9 25.7 9.2 17.7       0.9 –3.6 .. .. .. 58.0 .. 52.1 .. .. .. .. 18.1 40.1 .. .. 8.7       .. 48.6 203 644 3.8 76.1 71.7 2.6 13.5

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Croatia High income Highincome group 2010 2010

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

4.4 4.4 2.0 2.0 12.6 11.8 9,730 13,890 4.6 0.8 5.0 5.5 28.5 27.3 17.5 18.0 66.4 67.2 3.3 1.0 5.9 5.5 42.3 38.3 48.7 38.8       .. 80 29 7 11 6 39.0 39.0 3.1 3.1 32.5 32.3 .. 11.5 8.2 7.8 2.7 2.6     2.0 .. 20.1 .. 45.8 .. 15.2 .. 17.4 ..         1,963 3,612 4.0 0.7 24.7 21.6 20.2 19.5         –2.4 –4.3 .. .. 63.8 83.8 53.8 65.5 9.0 13.9 6.2 11.2 52.6 70.1 7.6 9.3 9.5 8.6         89.1 90.5 3,476 3,712 1.8 .. 82.2 144.0 33.1 60.1

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2012

1,127 551 8.5 38,746 0.6 1.3 23.6 14.8 75.1

27.8 28.0 17 6 38.4 2.1 37.4 13.0 6.8

.. 2.1 17.9 ..   –7.5 58.2 139.2 108.8 6.8 4.1 164.0 ..   81.1 9,064 110.5 73.4

65


Cuba Latin America & Caribbean

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2010 2010

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

66

2012

11.3 4.8 1.9 3,960 4.6 5.6 19.4 9.5 75.0 .. .. 21.0 18.3   .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..   .. .. .. .. ..     776 0.0 9.0 ..     .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..     .. 1,156 .. 1.2 9.7

11.3 2,452 5.3 1,314 1.6 5.8 17,030 5,886 5.0 6.3 5.0 7.4 20.5 36.8 10.6 21.3 74.5 55.8 .. .. 19.6 28.8 19.0 26.9     .. .. 38 .. 8 .. 41.4 .. 2.8 .. 41.9 .. 17.0 .. .. 2.3   .. .. .. .. ..       60 259,433 0.0 2.7 9.9 27.5 .. 18.5       .. .. .. .. .. 94.3 .. 51.2 .. 10.4 .. 3.7 .. 83.2 .. .. 5.8       .. 57.6 1,348 2,714 .. 8.9 84.5 15.9 34.1

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Curaçao High income Highincome group 2010 2010

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

0.13 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..   .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..   .. .. .. .. ..     .. .. .. ..     .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..     .. .. .. .. .. 2012

0.14 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..   .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..   .. .. .. .. ..     .. .. .. ..     .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..     .. .. .. .. ..

1,127 551 8.5 38,746 0.6 1.3 23.6 14.8 75.1

27.8 28.0 17 6 38.4 2.1 37.4 13.0 6.8

.. 2.1 17.9 ..   –7.5 58.2 139.2 108.8 6.8 4.1 164.0 ..   81.1 9,064 110.5 73.4

67


Cyprus High income Highincome group 2010 2010

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

68

2012

1.0 1.1 0.52 0.58 5.3 6.2 21,490 29,430 3.1 2.4 2.8 2.1 19.5 19.6 8.8 7.6 77.7 78.3 2.6 2.4 0.5 0.8 48.3 40.1 50.9 46.6       .. 40 .. 8 .. 6 .. 64.0 .. 1.5 .. 23.1 .. 9.1 14.5 16.1 20.0 20.3     .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..         .. .. 6.8 8.2 19.3 18.4 .. ..         5.9 –5.9 180.6 97.3 189.8 310.8 176.9 261.1 .. 5.9 .. 5.6 209.9 283.6 4.6 .. 3.3 ..         64.6 64.9 4,080 4,620 .. .. 75.8 93.8 32.8 53.0

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

1,127 551 8.5 38,746 0.6 1.3 23.6 14.8 75.1

27.8 28.0 17 6 38.4 2.1 37.4 13.0 6.8

.. 2.1 17.9 ..   –7.5 58.2 139.2 108.8 6.8 4.1 164.0 ..   81.1 9,064 110.5 73.4


Czech Republic High income Highincome group 2010 2010

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

10.2 5.2 7.9 11,330 3.6 3.0 37.9 26.3 59.1 1.8 24.0 72.2 69.0   .. 40 10 22.0 9.2 49.6 .. 14.1 1.9   1.9 36.0 20.8 15.4 15.9     .. 9.3 24.9 ..     –3.7 23.0 48.5 49.9 5.4 3.9 37.0 6.1 4.6     100.0 6,342 .. 115.0 35.2

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2012

10.5 5.3 7.3 17,890 2.3 2.4 37.6 24.5 60.0 1.4 19.1 79.3 74.5   64 20 9 22.0 3.2 49.1 7.5 21.7 3.0   10.4 0.2 33.4 50.2 43.5     .. 3.5 21.3 ..     –4.9 36.2 66.0 62.5 6.5 6.2 56.2 7.1 4.8     .. 6,114 2.1 136.8 68.6

1,127 551 8.5 38,746 0.6 1.3 23.6 14.8 75.1

27.8 28.0 17 6 38.4 2.1 37.4 13.0 6.8

.. 2.1 17.9 ..   –7.5 58.2 139.2 108.8 6.8 4.1 164.0 ..   81.1 9,064 110.5 73.4

69


Denmark High income Highincome group 2010 2010

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

5.4 5.5 2.9 2.9 4.8 7.4 48,590 59,400 1.2 –0.6 1.4 1.2 25.5 21.9 14.2 12.2 73.1 76.9 1.8 2.3 6.0 5.6 49.0 50.3 44.1 45.1       Business environment .. 5 Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) 6 6 Time to start a business (days) 4 4 Procedures to start a business (number) .. .. Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) 3.3 1.0 Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) 34.7 27.5 Profit tax (% of commercial profits) .. 20.1 New businesses registered (thousands) 21.1 16.5 New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) 5.9 4.6 Enterprise surveys     .. .. Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) .. .. Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) .. .. Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) .. .. Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) .. .. ISO certification ownership (% of firms)         Private sector investment .. .. Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) 5.0 –2.5 Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) 19.5 17.2 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) .. .. Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)         Finance and banking 5.4 Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) –2.1 Government debt (% of GDP) 36.7 40.8 Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) 181.0 225.3 Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) 48.0 55.9 Bank capital to asset ratio (%) 5.7 5.5 Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) 0.4 4.1 Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) 171.8 223.5 Real interest rate (%) 4.7 .. Interest rate spread (percentage points) 4.7 ..         Infrastructure 100.0 100.0 Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) 6,659 6,246 Power outages in firms a typical month (number) .. .. Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) 100.5 124.8 Internet users (per 100 people) 82.7 88.8

70

2012

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

1,127 551 8.5 38,746 0.6 1.3 23.6 14.8 75.1

27.8 28.0 17 6 38.4 2.1 37.4 13.0 6.8

.. 2.1 17.9 ..   –7.5 58.2 139.2 108.8 6.8 4.1 164.0 ..   81.1 9,064 110.5 73.4


Dijbouti Middle East & North Africa

Lower middle income Lower middleincome Country data group 2005 2010 2010

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

0.81 0.25 59.5 990 3.0 3.5 16.6 2.6 79.9 3.1 177.7 40.6 50.9   .. 37 11 56.0 5.0 38.7 .. .. ..   .. .. .. .. ..     180 3.1 19.0 9.7     .. .. 22.0 67.0 .. .. 20.1 7.8 10.3     .. .. .. 5.4 1.0 2012

0.89 2,519 0.29 994 .. .. 1,270 1,623 5.2 6.4 .. 17.0 .. 31.3 .. 16.4 .. 51.7 4.0 177.7 .. 27.6 .. 31.0     170 37 34 11 8 56.0 63.9 5.0 3.3 38.7 40.4 17.7 16.0 .. .. 0.9   .. .. .. .. ..       396 301,804 9.2 2.1 .. 25.7 .. 17.7       .. –3.6 .. .. 32.5 58.0 78.9 52.1 .. .. .. .. 29.3 40.1 9.3 9.3 8.7       .. 48.6 .. 644 .. 18.6 71.7 6.5 13.5

71


Dominica Latin America & Caribbean

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2010 2010

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

72

2012

0.07 .. .. 5,210 2.1 13.7 15.5 4.8 70.9 1.7 2.7 34.7 53.3   .. 14 5 58.0 4.0 37.3 .. 0.2 3.5   .. .. .. .. ..     .. 5.2 23.4 ..     .. .. 54.0 73.3 .. .. 48.1 10.8 6.8     .. .. .. 75.4 38.5

0.07 2,452 .. 1,314 .. 5.8 6,740 5,886 3.5 6.3 13.4 7.4 15.1 36.8 3.5 21.3 71.5 55.8 3.2 2.7 32.1 28.8 55.0 26.9     65 14 38 5 8 58.0 41.4 4.0 2.8 37.5 41.9 25.9 17.0 0.2 3.3 2.3   .. .. .. .. ..       5 259,433 5.2 2.7 22.6 27.5 .. 18.5       .. .. .. .. 54.1 94.3 83.0 51.2 .. 10.4 .. 3.7 56.2 83.2 9.4 6.2 5.8       .. 57.6 .. 2,714 .. 155.2 84.5 47.3 34.1

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Dominican Republic Latin America & Caribbean

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2010 2010

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

9.3 4.0 18.0 2,900 3.1 7.5 32.1 22.9 60.5 4.2 30.4 30.0 35.5   .. 74 9 88.0 3.5 36.2 .. .. ..   8.8 17.3 12.5 30.2 9.6     2,599 3.3 16.4 ..     –0.5 .. 21.0 19.4 9.4 5.9 23.3 20.9 10.2     .. 1,276 .. 39.1 11.5

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2012

9.9 2,452 4.4 1,314 14.3 5.8 5,030 5,886 6.7 6.3 6.2 7.4 32.0 36.8 24.1 21.3 61.7 55.8 6.3 36.9 22.3 28.8 34.0 26.9     108 19 38 7 8 88.0 41.4 3.5 2.8 41.7 41.9 21.3 17.0 12.9 2.1 2.3   .. .. .. .. ..       1,169 259,433 3.1 2.7 16.3 27.5 0.0 18.5       –3.6 .. .. .. 23.6 94.3 20.3 51.2 9.3 10.4 2.9 3.7 22.7 83.2 6.7 7.3 5.8       .. 57.6 1,358 2,714 .. 89.6 84.5 39.5 34.1

73


Ecuador Latin America & Caribbean

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2010 2010

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

13.4 6.4 7.7 2,620 5.6 7.0 35.8 9.4 57.1 2.4 25,000.0 30.9 32.0   Business environment .. Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) 69 Time to start a business (days) 14 Procedures to start a business (number) 135.0 Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) 5.3 Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) 35.3 Profit tax (% of commercial profits) .. New businesses registered (thousands) .. New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) .. Enterprise surveys   Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) 17.3 Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) 11.3 Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) 24.0 Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) 23.3 ISO certification ownership (% of firms) 18.2     Private sector investment 1,865 Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) 1.3 Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) 22.1 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 17.2 Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)     Finance and banking .. Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) .. Government debt (% of GDP) .. Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) .. Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) 8.4 Bank capital to asset ratio (%) 4.9 Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) 23.3 Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) 2.4 Real interest rate (%) 6.0 Interest rate spread (percentage points)     Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) 14.8 Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) 780 Power outages in firms a typical month (number) 2.5 Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) 46.5 Internet users (per 100 people) 6.0

74

2012

14.5 2,452 6.9 1,314 6.5 5.8 3,850 5,886 3.6 6.3 7.0 7.4 38.1 36.8 9.9 21.3 54.9 55.8 3.6 .. 32.9 28.8 38.6 26.9     130 56 38 13 8 135.0 41.4 5.3 2.8 35.3 41.9 18.4 17.0 .. .. 2.3   22.5 0.4 17.0 10.7 9.7       2,898 259,433 0.3 2.7 25.2 27.5 12.1 18.5       .. .. .. .. .. 94.3 .. 51.2 8.9 10.4 3.5 3.7 30.8 83.2 .. .. 5.8       .. 57.6 1,115 2,714 2.6 102.2 84.5 29.0 34.1

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Egypt, Arab Rep. Middle East & North Africa

Lower middle income Lower middleincome Country data group 2005 2010 2010

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

74.2 81.1 2,519 23.9 27.1 994 11.2 9.4 .. 1,250 2,420 1,623 3.4 6.2 6.4 14.9 14.0 17.0 35.9 37.5 31.3 17.0 15.8 16.4 49.2 48.5 51.7 4.9 11.3 5.8 5.6 30.3 21.3 27.6 32.6 26.1 31.0         .. 110 22 7 34 10 6 8 132.0 132.0 63.9 4.2 4.2 3.3 54.3 43.6 40.4 .. 13.0 16.0 3.9 6.3 0.1 0.1 0.9     .. 8.8 23.8 5.3 10.5 5.6 133.9 77.2 12.0 21.1           4,971 13,291 301,804 6.0 2.9 2.1 17.9 18.6 25.7 8.6 12.2 17.7           –6.4 –7.7 –3.6 85.8 .. .. 74.0 59.6 58.0 88.4 68.8 52.1 6.1 6.2 .. 26.5 11.0 .. 51.2 33.1 40.1 6.5 0.8 5.9 4.8 8.7           81.0 89.4 48.6 1,284 1,549 644 8.7 0.8 18.4 87.1 71.7 11.7 26.7 13.5

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2012

75


El Salvador Latin America & Caribbean

Lower middle income Lower middleincome Country data group 2005 2010 2010

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

76

2012

6.1 2.3 7.2 2,820 2.3 10.6 29.9 23.1 59.5 4.7 8.8 25.6 44.2   .. 40 12 86.0 4.0 34.8 .. 1.6 0.5   9.2 2.6 17.3 22.1 11.0     1,196 0.3 15.3 12.9     –4.4 48.3 5.2 4.4 11.1 1.9 42.8 .. ..     .. 747 2.3 39.9 4.2

6.2 2,519 2.6 994 7.3 .. 3,380 1,623 1.2 6.4 12.7 17.0 27.0 31.3 20.6 16.4 60.3 51.7 1.2 8.8 26.2 27.6 43.6 31.0     112 17 34 8 8 86.0 63.9 4.0 3.3 35.0 40.4 16.5 16.0 4.4 1.2 0.9   19.7 0.3 31.7 28.6 14.5       1,054 301,804 0.0 2.1 13.3 25.7 11.2 17.7       –2.7 –3.6 50.0 .. 5.0 58.0 5.0 52.1 13.9 .. 3.9 .. 41.0 40.1 .. .. 8.7       .. 48.6 845 644 2.1 124.3 71.7 15.9 13.5

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Equatorial Guinea High income Highincome group 2010 2010

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

0.61 0.70 0.31 0.37 .. .. 5,220 14,550 25.9 8.9 2.6 3.2 94.4 92.6 6.2 13.6 3.0 4.2 5.6 6.6 527.5 495.3 87.4 69.9 43.6 57.8       .. 155 137 137 20 21 133.0 133.0 .. .. 46.0 46.0 .. 0.0 .. .. .. ..     .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..         .. .. 9.4 5.0 37.6 60.2 27.4 17.2         .. .. .. .. 2.6 9.0 5.8 12.1 .. .. .. .. 2.1 7.7 –17.5 .. 12.7 ..         .. .. .. .. .. .. 15.9 57.0 1.1 6.0

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2012

1,127 551 8.5 38,746 0.6 1.3 23.6 14.8 75.1

27.8 28.0 17 6 38.4 2.1 37.4 13.0 6.8

.. 2.1 17.9 ..   –7.5 58.2 139.2 108.8 6.8 4.1 164.0 ..   81.1 9,064 110.5 73.4

77


Eritrea Sub-Saharan Africa

Low income Lowincome group 2010 2010

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

78

2012

4.5 2.2 .. 250 1.9 24.2 21.9 7.3 53.9 .. 15.4 6.2 54.9   .. 76 13 69.0 .. 84.5 .. .. ..   .. .. .. .. ..     40 –0.1 19.7 1.9     .. .. .. .. .. .. 27.6 .. ..     .. 54 .. 0.9 1.8

5.3 2.6 .. 340 –1.3 14.5 22.4 5.7 63.0 .. 15.4 4.5 20.4   180 84 13 69.0 .. 84.5 8.8 .. ..   0.5 0.0 11.9 .. 15.1     .. 2.6 .. ..     .. .. .. .. .. .. 16.0 .. ..     .. 51 3.0 3.5 5.4

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

796 364 .. 530 5.7 25.6 25.6 14.2 48.8

20.8 33.4 33 8 63.5 3.7 67.8 18.7 0.3

21,616 3.2 22.4 16.0   .. .. 34.8 31.7 .. .. 29.7 9.8   20.7 229 33.1 5.6


Estonia High income Highincome group 2010 2010

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

1.3 1.3 0.67 0.70 7.9 16.9 9,760 14,460 8.0 –1.3 3.5 2.9 28.6 29.1 17.2 16.7 67.9 68.0 4.1 3.0 12.6 0.8 77.7 78.3 84.2 71.6       .. 24 35 7 6 5 35.0 35.0 3.0 3.0 51.1 58.6 .. 8.0 6.2 .. 6.9 ..     2.1 5.5 13.7 0.0 25.0 41.5 7.2 207.2 12.9 21.2         .. .. 21.2 8.0 32.1 18.6 28.7 1.3         2.0 –1.3 5.9 9.0 71.3 100.7 42.8 57.0 8.7 9.3 0.2 5.4 69.7 97.2 –0.5 6.2 2.8 6.7         22.7 .. 5,567 5,950 .. 1.2 107.4 123.3 61.4 74.2

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2012

1,127 551 8.5 38,746 0.6 1.3 23.6 14.8 75.1

27.8 28.0 17 6 38.4 2.1 37.4 13.0 6.8

.. 2.1 17.9 ..   –7.5 58.2 139.2 108.8 6.8 4.1 164.0 ..   81.1 9,064 110.5 73.4

79


Ethiopia Sub-Saharan Africa

Low income Lowincome group 2010 2010

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

80

2012

74.3 34.9 5.4 160 5.6 46.7 13.0 4.8 40.3 11.6 8.7 15.1 35.5   .. 32 7 40.0 3.0 31.1 .. 0.8 0.0   3.8 4.4 11.0 44.2 4.2     .. 2.2 23.0 8.3     –4.5 .. 29.0 35.5 .. .. 23.0 –2.6 3.5     11.0 34 5.0 0.6 0.2

83.0 40.8 20.5 390 10.4 47.7 14.3 5.2 38.0 8.1 14.4 11.4 32.5   111 9 5 40.0 3.0 31.1 26.8 1.3 0.0   .. .. .. .. ..     4 1.0 21.5 5.0     .. .. 23.8 27.1 .. .. 17.8 –17.1 3.3     .. 46 .. 8.3 0.7

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

796 364 .. 530 5.7 25.6 25.6 14.2 48.8

20.8 33.4 33 8 63.5 3.7 67.8 18.7 0.3

21,616 3.2 22.4 16.0   .. .. 34.8 31.7 .. .. 29.7 9.8   20.7 229 33.1 5.6


Faeroe Islands High income Highincome group 2010 2010

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

0.05 .. 3.2 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 6.0 .. ..   .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..   .. .. .. .. ..     .. .. .. ..     .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..     .. .. .. 87.1 67.9 2012

0.05 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 5.6 .. ..   .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..   .. .. .. .. ..     .. .. .. ..     .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..     .. .. .. 122.0 75.2

1,127 551 8.5 38,746 0.6 1.3 23.6 14.8 75.1

27.8 28.0 17 6 38.4 2.1 37.4 13.0 6.8

.. 2.1 17.9 ..   –7.5 58.2 139.2 108.8 6.8 4.1 164.0 ..   81.1 9,064 110.5 73.4

81


Fiji East Asia & Pacific

Lower middle income Lower middleincome Country data group 2005 2010 2010

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

82

2012

0.82 0.34 4.6 3,590 2.6 14.1 19.2 14.2 66.8 2.4 1.7 52.9 65.1   .. 46 8 2.0 1.8 41.5 .. .. ..   .. .. .. .. ..     50 5.2 21.0 17.9     –3.3 .. 50.2 48.5 .. .. 44.4 0.0 5.0     .. .. .. 24.9 8.5

0.86 2,519 0.36 994 .. .. 3,630 1,623 0.1 6.4 12.1 17.0 19.7 31.3 15.0 16.4 68.2 51.7 5.5 1.9 52.5 27.6 64.4 31.0     77 45 34 9 8 22.0 63.9 1.8 3.3 38.3 40.4 28.0 16.0 .. .. 0.9   4.4 4.5 37.1 19.0 22.9       140 301,804 6.2 2.1 20.7 25.7 18.1 17.7       .. –3.6 .. .. .. 58.0 .. 52.1 .. .. .. .. 52.4 40.1 –0.6 2.1 8.7       .. 48.6 .. 644 1.7 81.2 71.7 14.8 13.5

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Finland High income Highincome group 2010 2010

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

5.2 5.4 2.6 2.7 8.4 8.4 38,550 47,570 2.6 0.4 2.8 2.9 32.4 29.0 23.4 18.9 64.8 68.1 0.9 1.2 .. 0.8 41.8 40.4 37.7 39.1       Business environment .. 11 Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) 14 14 Time to start a business (days) 3 3 Procedures to start a business (number) 26.0 Firing cost (weeks of wages) 26.0 Resolving insolvency (years) 0.9 0.9 Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) 49.5 39.0 Profit tax (% of commercial profits) .. 13.7 New businesses registered (thousands) 9.0 11.8 New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) 2.6 3.4 Enterprise surveys     .. .. Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) .. .. Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) .. .. Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) .. .. Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) .. .. ISO certification ownership (% of firms)         Private sector investment .. .. Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) 2.5 3.0 Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) 20.1 18.9 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) .. .. Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)         Finance and banking 3.3 Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) 4.6 Government debt (% of GDP) 44.0 36.0 Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) 77.5 100.3 Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) 49.7 63.8 Bank capital to asset ratio (%) 9.2 5.5 Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) 0.3 0.6 Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) 75.1 95.2 Real interest rate (%) 3.2 .. Interest rate spread (percentage points) 2.7 ..         Infrastructure 65.0 Paved roads (% of total roads) 65.5 Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) 16,120 15,242 Power outages in firms a typical month (number) .. .. Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) 100.5 156.4 Internet users (per 100 people) 74.5 86.9 The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2012

1,127 551 8.5 38,746 0.6 1.3 23.6 14.8 75.1

27.8 28.0 17 6 38.4 2.1 37.4 13.0 6.8

.. 2.1 17.9 ..   –7.5 58.2 139.2 108.8 6.8 4.1 164.0 ..   81.1 9,064 110.5 73.4

83


France High income Highincome group 2010 2010

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

63.0 64.9 28.8 29.9 8.9 9.3 34,890 42,370 1.5 0.4 2.3 1.8 20.8 19.0 13.3 10.7 76.9 79.2 1.7 1.5 .. 0.8 26.4 25.5 27.0 27.8       Business environment .. 29 Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) 7 7 Time to start a business (days) 5 5 Procedures to start a business (number) 32.0 Firing cost (weeks of wages) 32.0 Resolving insolvency (years) 1.9 1.9 Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) 66.0 65.7 Profit tax (% of commercial profits) .. 8.2 New businesses registered (thousands) 117.3 128.9 New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) 2.9 3.1 Enterprise surveys     .. .. Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) .. .. Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) .. .. Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) .. .. Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) .. .. ISO certification ownership (% of firms)         Private sector investment .. .. Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) 4.0 1.3 Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) 19.3 19.3 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) .. .. Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)         Finance and banking –2.8 Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) –7.3 Government debt (% of GDP) 72.6 83.5 Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) 108.7 132.2 Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) 69.1 82.0 Bank capital to asset ratio (%) 4.4 4.4 Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) 3.5 4.2 Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) 92.7 114.4 Real interest rate (%) 4.8 .. Interest rate spread (percentage points) 4.4 ..         Infrastructure 100.0 100.0 Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) 7,677 7,488 Power outages in firms a typical month (number) .. .. Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) 76.3 97.4 Internet users (per 100 people) 41.5 77.5

84

2012

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

1,127 551 8.5 38,746 0.6 1.3 23.6 14.8 75.1

27.8 28.0 17 6 38.4 2.1 37.4 13.0 6.8

.. 2.1 17.9 ..   –7.5 58.2 139.2 108.8 6.8 4.1 164.0 ..   81.1 9,064 110.5 73.4


French Polynesia High income Highincome group 2010 2010

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

0.25 0.11 11.7 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 96.0 .. ..   .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..   .. .. .. .. ..     .. .. .. ..     .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..     .. .. .. 47.1 21.5 2012

0.27 0.12 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..   .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..   .. .. .. .. ..     .. .. .. ..     .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..     .. .. .. 79.7 49.0

1,127 551 8.5 38,746 0.6 1.3 23.6 14.8 75.1

27.8 28.0 17 6 38.4 2.1 37.4 13.0 6.8

.. 2.1 17.9 ..   –7.5 58.2 139.2 108.8 6.8 4.1 164.0 ..   81.1 9,064 110.5 73.4

85


Gabon Sub-Saharan Africa

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2010 2010

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

86

2012

1.4 0.51 .. 5,110 1.6 4.9 61.4 4.1 33.8 3.7 527.5 64.7 27.7   .. 58 9 43.0 5.0 45.1 .. 2.6 3.4   .. .. .. .. ..     204 2.8 21.3 17.1     .. .. 10.3 13.7 11.1 14.1 8.3 0.6 12.7     10.2 934 .. 53.7 4.9

1.5 2,452 0.59 1,314 .. 5.8 7,650 5,886 2.5 6.3 4.1 7.4 59.7 36.8 3.5 21.3 36.2 55.8 1.5 495.3 61.6 28.8 36.2 26.9     156 58 38 9 8 43.0 41.4 5.0 2.8 43.5 41.9 18.4 17.0 3.5 4.3 2.3   2.8 22.8 6.3 34.5 18.6       408 259,433 1.3 2.7 26.7 27.5 17.4 18.5       .. .. .. .. 11.3 94.3 16.4 51.2 11.3 10.4 9.9 3.7 8.2 83.2 .. .. 5.8       .. 57.6 922 2,714 7.2 107.0 84.5 7.2 34.1

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Gambia, The Sub-Saharan Africa

Low income Lowincome group 2010 2010

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

1.5 0.64 .. 270 3.2 32.1 13.3 5.0 54.6 4.8 28.6 40.0 62.8   .. 27 8 9.0 3.0 286.3 .. .. ..   7.3 13.6 7.6 63.9 22.2     7 11.6 24.8 13.9     .. .. 21.0 28.7 .. .. 13.0 22.2 17.6     19.3 .. 23.7 16.5 3.8

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2012

1.7 0.75 .. 450 4.9 26.9 15.7 5.0 57.3 5.0 28.0 29.3 48.7   149 27 8 26.0 3.0 283.5 6.1 .. ..   .. .. .. .. ..     35 4.6 .. ..     .. .. 26.7 35.1 .. .. 19.1 17.2 12.4     .. .. .. 85.5 9.2

796 364 .. 530 5.7 25.6 25.6 14.2 48.8

20.8 33.4 33 8 63.5 3.7 67.8 18.7 0.3

21,616 3.2 22.4 16.0   .. .. 34.8 31.7 .. .. 29.7 9.8   20.7 229 33.1 5.6

87


Georgia Europe & Central Asia

Lower middle income Lower middleincome Country data group 2005 2010 2010

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

88

2012

4.4 2.3 13.8 1,360 7.5 16.7 26.8 13.7 56.5 8.2 1.8 33.7 51.6   .. 21 8 4.0 3.3 57.0 .. 4.0 1.3   3.9 39.8 40.0 1.8 17.5     241 7.1 28.1 22.2     1.5 40.9 15.1 10.5 18.8 1.2 14.8 12.7 14.1     94.1 1,715 .. 26.9 6.2

4.5 2,519 2.4 994 16.5 .. 2,690 1,623 4.6 6.4 8.4 17.0 23.2 31.3 12.9 16.4 68.4 51.7 7.1 1.8 34.8 27.6 52.3 31.0     16 2 34 2 8 4.0 63.9 3.3 3.3 16.5 40.4 14.3 16.0 7.2 2.3 0.9   2.1 8.4 38.2 11.4 16.0       2,364 301,804 7.0 2.1 17.3 25.7 9.1 17.7       –4.4 –3.6 36.7 .. 33.6 58.0 23.3 52.1 16.9 .. 12.5 .. 32.4 40.1 14.3 15.0 8.7       .. 48.6 1,585 644 3.3 89.4 71.7 26.3 13.5

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Germany High income Highincome group 2010 2010

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

82.5 81.8 41.4 42.2 11.1 7.1 34,780 43,070 0.5 0.8 0.9 0.9 29.4 28.2 22.9 20.9 69.7 71.0 1.6 1.1 .. 0.8 41.3 46.8 36.1 41.4       .. 19 24 15 9 9 69.0 69.0 1.2 1.2 49.2 46.7 .. 19.0 66.7 64.8 1.2 1.2     1.2 .. 14.8 .. 45.0 .. 3.2 .. .. ..         .. .. 1.7 1.4 17.3 17.5 .. ..         –2.3 –2.2 44.6 47.6 137.2 132.1 100.8 117.2 4.1 4.3 4.0 3.3 112.6 107.8 8.1 .. 7.0 ..         100.0 .. 7,113 6,779 .. .. 96.1 127.9 68.8 82.5

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2012

1,127 551 8.5 38,746 0.6 1.3 23.6 14.8 75.1

27.8 28.0 17 6 38.4 2.1 37.4 13.0 6.8

.. 2.1 17.9 ..   –7.5 58.2 139.2 108.8 6.8 4.1 164.0 ..   81.1 9,064 110.5 73.4

89


Ghana Sub-Saharan Africa

Lower middle income Lower middleincome Country data group 2005 2010 2010

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

90

2012

21.6 9.1 3.6 460 5.1 40.9 27.5 9.5 31.6 15.1 0.9 36.4 61.7   .. 18 11 178.0 1.9 40.1 .. 7.3 0.6   3.2 18.1 16.0 24.4 6.8     756 1.4 29.0 17.0     –1.4 .. 18.5 17.7 7.2 13.0 15.5 .. ..     14.9 247 9.7 13.3 1.8

24.4 2,519 10.4 994 .. .. 1,250 1,623 6.6 6.4 29.9 17.0 18.6 31.3 6.8 16.4 51.4 51.7 10.7 1.4 29.3 27.6 41.1 31.0     63 12 34 7 8 178.0 63.9 1.9 3.3 33.6 40.4 18.4 16.0 .. .. 0.9   .. .. .. .. ..       3,306 301,804 7.8 2.1 21.7 25.7 17.8 17.7       –5.6 –3.6 .. .. 24.2 58.0 22.8 52.1 7.9 .. 17.6 .. 15.2 40.1 .. .. 8.7       12.6 48.6 265 644 .. 71.5 71.7 9.5 13.5

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Gibraltar High income Highincome group 2010 2010

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

0.03 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.5 .. ..   .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..   .. .. .. .. ..     .. .. .. ..     .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..     .. 4,987 .. 68.8 39.1

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2012

0.03 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.6 .. ..   .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..   .. .. .. .. ..     .. .. .. ..     .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..     .. 5,947 .. 102.6 65.0

1,127 551 8.5 38,746 0.6 1.3 23.6 14.8 75.1

27.8 28.0 17 6 38.4 2.1 37.4 13.0 6.8

.. 2.1 17.9 ..   –7.5 58.2 139.2 108.8 6.8 4.1 164.0 ..   81.1 9,064 110.5 73.4

91


Greece High income Highincome group 2010 2010

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

92

2012

11.1 11.3 5.1 5.3 9.9 12.5 21,400 26,950 4.2 0.1 .. .. 19.4 18.1 .. .. .. .. 3.5 4.7 .. 0.8 23.2 21.5 32.5 30.4       .. 100 38 10 15 10 24.0 24.0 2.0 2.0 54.6 46.4 .. 13.4 5.2 .. 0.7 ..     1.8 .. 55.9 .. 25.9 .. 7.0 .. 11.7 ..         .. .. 0.3 0.1 20.7 16.6 .. ..         –5.3 –15.6 134.5 142.0 99.8 139.6 83.8 94.1 5.9 6.9 6.3 10.4 79.6 115.9 2.8 .. 4.3 ..         .. .. 5,242 5,540 .. .. 92.4 108.6 24.2 44.6

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

1,127 551 8.5 38,746 0.6 1.3 23.6 14.8 75.1

27.8 28.0 17 6 38.4 2.1 37.4 13.0 6.8

.. 2.1 17.9 ..   –7.5 58.2 139.2 108.8 6.8 4.1 164.0 ..   81.1 9,064 110.5 73.4


Greenland High income Highincome group 2010 2010

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

0.06 0.06 .. .. 9.3 .. 29,690 26,020 0.7 1.5 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 6.0 5.6 .. .. .. ..       .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..     .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..         .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..         .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..         .. .. .. .. .. .. 81.6 101.4 58.0 63.8

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2012

1,127 551 8.5 38,746 0.6 1.3 23.6 14.8 75.1

27.8 28.0 17 6 38.4 2.1 37.4 13.0 6.8

.. 2.1 17.9 ..   –7.5 58.2 139.2 108.8 6.8 4.1 164.0 ..   81.1 9,064 110.5 73.4

93


Grenada Latin America & Caribbean

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2010 2010

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

94

2012

0.10 .. .. 6,570 2.1 3.4 26.5 3.4 70.1 3.5 2.7 20.6 56.8   .. 20 6 29.0 3.0 45.3 .. .. ..   .. .. .. .. ..     19 10.1 40.0 ..     .. .. 77.3 100.7 .. .. 57.8 5.0 7.2     .. .. .. 45.6 20.5

0.10 2,452 .. 1,314 .. 5.8 6,960 5,886 –0.7 6.3 5.4 7.4 14.2 36.8 4.6 21.3 80.4 55.8 3.4 2.7 21.0 28.8 49.8 26.9     73 15 38 6 8 29.0 41.4 3.0 2.8 45.3 41.9 27.6 17.0 .. .. 2.3   7.7 1.9 37.3 22.9 32.6       24 259,433 7.8 2.7 23.6 27.5 .. 18.5       .. .. .. .. 113.6 94.3 115.4 51.2 .. 10.4 .. 3.7 83.7 83.2 7.9 7.5 5.8       .. 57.6 .. 2,714 1.2 117.3 84.5 33.6 34.1

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Guam High income Highincome group 2010 2010

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

0.17 0.07 11.4 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..   .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..   .. .. .. .. ..     .. .. .. ..     .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..     .. .. .. 59.1 38.6 2012

0.18 0.08 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..   .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..   .. .. .. .. ..     .. .. .. ..     .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..     .. .. .. .. 50.6

1,127 551 8.5 38,746 0.6 1.3 23.6 14.8 75.1

27.8 28.0 17 6 38.4 2.1 37.4 13.0 6.8

.. 2.1 17.9 ..   –7.5 58.2 139.2 108.8 6.8 4.1 164.0 ..   81.1 9,064 110.5 73.4

95


Guatemala Latin America & Caribbean

Lower middle income Lower middleincome Country data group 2005 2010 2010

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

96

2012

12.7 4.7 1.8 2,070 3.1 13.4 29.3 20.2 57.3 9.1 7.6 25.1 41.0   .. 39 15 101.0 3.0 38.7 .. 4.2 0.6   9.2 3.8 12.8 35.3 8.0     670 1.9 18.3 15.5     –1.7 21.3 32.1 36.9 8.5 4.2 25.1 7.0 8.7     .. 477 3.0 35.5 5.7

14.4 2,519 5.7 994 .. .. 2,740 1,623 3.6 6.4 12.9 17.0 19.5 31.3 19.5 16.4 67.6 51.7 3.9 8.1 25.1 27.6 36.0 31.0     97 37 34 12 8 101.0 63.9 3.0 3.3 40.9 40.4 25.9 16.0 5.1 0.7 0.9   10.2 3.9 26.6 17.8 11.9       2,753 301,804 2.1 2.1 15.3 25.7 .. 17.7       –3.1 –3.6 23.0 .. 35.5 58.0 39.3 52.1 10.3 .. 2.1 .. 23.4 40.1 8.0 7.9 8.7       .. 48.6 548 644 3.8 125.6 71.7 10.5 13.5

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Guinea Sub-Saharan Africa

Low income Lowincome group 2010 2010

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

9.0 10.0 3.6 4.1 .. .. 360 400 3.6 2.2 24.2 13.0 38.9 47.4 4.1 4.8 36.9 39.6 31.4 15.5 3,644.3 5,726.1 33.8 35.0 35.1 39.4       Business environment .. 179 Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) 40 40 Time to start a business (days) 12 12 Procedures to start a business (number) 26.0 Firing cost (weeks of wages) 26.0 Resolving insolvency (years) 3.8 3.8 Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) 49.9 54.3 Profit tax (% of commercial profits) .. 20.9 New businesses registered (thousands) .. .. New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) .. .. Enterprise surveys     Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) 2.7 .. Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) 57.3 .. Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) 0.9 .. Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) 16.1 .. ISO certification ownership (% of firms) 5.2 ..         Private sector investment 51 472 Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) 3.6 2.2 Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) 18.6 20.1 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 15.8 15.7 Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)         Finance and banking .. .. Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) .. .. Government debt (% of GDP) 8.2 .. Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) 10.0 .. Bank capital to asset ratio (%) .. .. Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) .. .. Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) 5.7 .. Real interest rate (%) .. .. Interest rate spread (percentage points) .. ..         Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) 9.8 .. Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) .. .. Power outages in firms a typical month (number) 33.9 .. Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) 2.1 40.1 Internet users (per 100 people) 0.5 1.0 The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2012

796 364 .. 530 5.7 25.6 25.6 14.2 48.8

20.8 33.4 33 8 63.5 3.7 67.8 18.7 0.3

21,616 3.2 22.4 16.0   .. .. 34.8 31.7 .. .. 29.7 9.8   20.7 229 33.1 5.6

97


Guinea-Bissau Sub-Saharan Africa

Low income Lowincome group 2010 2010

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

98

2012

1.4 0.57 .. 410 –0.9 57.3 13.1 10.6 29.6 3.3 527.5 29.8 51.2   .. 259 17 87.0 .. 54.3 .. .. ..   2.9 22.7 0.7 20.5 8.4     10 1.5 9.6 0.7     .. .. 2.1 3.9 .. .. 1.1 .. ..     27.9 .. 9.2 7.2 1.9

1.5 0.65 .. 590 3.0 .. .. .. .. 2.5 495.3 .. ..   176 9 9 87.0 .. 45.9 14.9 .. ..   .. .. .. .. ..     107 1.0 .. ..     .. .. 7.1 9.4 .. .. 6.2 .. ..     .. .. .. 39.2 2.5

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

796 364 .. 530 5.7 25.6 25.6 14.2 48.8

20.8 33.4 33 8 63.5 3.7 67.8 18.7 0.3

21,616 3.2 22.4 16.0   .. .. 34.8 31.7 .. .. 29.7 9.8   20.7 229 33.1 5.6


Guyana Latin America & Caribbean

Lower middle income Lower middleincome Country data group 2005 2010 2010

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

0.75 0.28 11.8 1,090 0.8 34.6 20.0 3.7 45.4 6.9 199.9 84.6 119.2   .. 46 8 56.0 3.0 39.3 .. .. ..   2.3 5.4 32.6 93.4 17.8     89 9.3 24.8 19.0     .. .. 65.9 84.6 .. .. 57.1 6.2 12.0     .. .. .. 37.7 ..

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2012

0.76 2,519 0.30 994 .. .. 2,870 1,623 4.1 6.4 20.9 17.0 32.7 31.3 4.1 16.4 46.4 51.7 2.1 203.6 .. 27.6 .. 31.0     114 26 34 8 8 56.0 63.9 3.0 3.3 36.1 40.4 23.8 16.0 .. .. 0.9   11.5 4.6 34.5 36.9 29.5       26 301,804 12.1 2.1 26.7 25.7 12.4 17.7       .. –3.6 .. .. 45.1 58.0 56.3 52.1 .. .. .. .. 37.8 40.1 8.2 12.3 8.7       .. 48.6 .. 644 10.7 73.6 71.7 29.9 13.5

99


Haiti Latin America & Caribbean

Low income Lowincome group 2010 2010

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

100

2012

9.3 3.7 .. 400 –0.7 .. .. .. .. 15.7 40.4 14.0 42.9   .. 202 13 17.0 5.7 40.8 .. .. ..   .. .. .. .. ..     24 0.6 .. ..     .. .. 19.0 34.5 .. .. 14.5 19.9 36.8     .. 37 .. 5.4 6.4

10.0 4.2 .. 670 1.2 .. .. .. .. 5.7 39.8 12.1 57.3   174 105 12 17.0 5.7 40.8 24.1 .. ..   .. .. .. .. ..     307 2.2 .. ..     .. .. .. .. .. .. 14.0 11.5 16.7     .. 36 .. 40.0 8.4

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

796 364 .. 530 5.7 25.6 25.6 14.2 48.8

20.8 33.4 33 8 63.5 3.7 67.8 18.7 0.3

21,616 3.2 22.4 16.0   .. .. 34.8 31.7 .. .. 29.7 9.8   20.7 229 33.1 5.6


Honduras Latin America & Caribbean

Lower middle income Lower middleincome Country data group 2005 2010 2010

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

6.9 2.5 4.2 1,400 4.7 13.7 28.7 20.9 57.6 8.8 18.8 59.0 77.5   .. 62 13 74.0 3.8 44.5 .. .. ..   4.6 6.1 8.5 27.6 16.5     822 6.1 24.9 20.4     –0.8 .. 39.2 42.6 8.1 11.3 39.4 10.8 7.9     .. 619 2.9 18.6 6.5

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2012

7.6 2,519 3.0 994 .. .. 1,870 1,623 3.3 6.4 12.5 17.0 26.5 31.3 18.4 16.4 60.9 51.7 4.7 18.9 43.9 27.6 64.6 31.0     128 14 34 13 8 95.0 63.9 3.8 3.3 44.0 40.4 24.7 16.0 .. .. 0.9   17.0 2.8 17.0 23.3 16.3       1,251 301,804 5.2 2.1 23.4 25.7 19.5 17.7       –3.1 –3.6 .. .. 49.4 58.0 46.5 52.1 .. .. .. .. 50.2 40.1 12.4 9.0 8.7       .. 48.6 678 644 3.9 125.1 71.7 11.1 13.5

101


Hong Kong SAR, China High income Highincome group 2010 2010

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

102

2012

6.8 7.1 3.6 3.7 5.6 5.2 28,150 32,780 4.2 3.4 0.1 0.1 9.1 7.4 2.4 1.8 90.9 92.6 0.9 2.3 7.8 7.8 198.7 223.0 186.3 217.3       .. 2 11 3 5 3 10.0 10.0 1.1 1.1 24.4 23.0 .. 17.6 65.8 101.0 13.0 19.2     .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..         .. .. 18.9 31.7 20.9 21.5 .. ..         1.4 1.1 32.3 34.0 164.6 233.4 246.8 319.4 13.3 12.3 1.4 0.8 146.2 189.0 7.8 4.5 6.5 5.0         100.0 100.0 5,878 5,925 .. .. 125.4 195.2 56.9 71.8

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

1,127 551 8.5 38,746 0.6 1.3 23.6 14.8 75.1

27.8 28.0 17 6 38.4 2.1 37.4 13.0 6.8

.. 2.1 17.9 ..   –7.5 58.2 139.2 108.8 6.8 4.1 164.0 ..   81.1 9,064 110.5 73.4


Hungary High income Highincome group 2010 2010

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

10.1 10.0 4.3 4.3 7.2 11.2 10,220 12,860 4.2 –0.6 4.2 3.5 30.0 31.0 22.2 23.2 65.8 65.4 3.6 4.9 199.6 207.9 65.9 86.5 68.1 80.0       .. 51 38 4 6 4 35.0 35.0 2.0 2.0 56.6 52.4 .. 14.8 22.3 43.0 3.2 6.3     4.0 13.5 24.2 0.7 32.8 48.7 9.8 48.0 27.4 39.4         9,322 4,818 6.9 –32.9 22.8 18.0 .. ..         –7.4 –4.1 68.9 83.2 62.4 84.8 41.3 45.5 8.2 9.8 2.3 9.7 51.2 72.6 5.9 4.4 3.4 2.7         38.0 38.0 3,771 3,773 .. 2.9 92.4 120.1 39.0 65.2

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2012

1,127 551 8.5 38,746 0.6 1.3 23.6 14.8 75.1

27.8 28.0 17 6 38.4 2.1 37.4 13.0 6.8

.. 2.1 17.9 ..   –7.5 58.2 139.2 108.8 6.8 4.1 164.0 ..   81.1 9,064 110.5 73.4

103


Iceland High income Highincome group 2010 2010

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

104

2012

0.30 0.32 0.17 0.19 2.6 7.6 49,620 32,640 4.0 0.1 6.3 7.2 24.4 25.1 10.5 15.1 69.3 67.7 4.0 5.4 63.0 122.2 31.7 56.0 44.0 46.0       .. 9 5 5 5 5 13.0 13.0 1.0 1.0 27.5 31.8 .. 9.4 2.9 2.6 15.0 12.8     .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..         .. .. 19.2 2.0 28.3 13.0 .. ..         4.8 –9.2 39.4 111.5 248.6 157.7 68.0 90.5 7.4 14.4 1.1 39.9 247.9 107.5 11.6 3.1 7.2 ..         35.4 38.4 27,988 51,259 .. .. 95.4 107.3 87.0 95.6

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

1,127 551 8.5 38,746 0.6 1.3 23.6 14.8 75.1

27.8 28.0 17 6 38.4 2.1 37.4 13.0 6.8

.. 2.1 17.9 ..   –7.5 58.2 139.2 108.8 6.8 4.1 164.0 ..   81.1 9,064 110.5 73.4


India South Asia

Lower middle income Lower middleincome Country data group 2005 2010 2010

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

1,140.0 1,224.6 2,519 467.3 472.6 994 4.4 .. .. 720 1,270 1,623 7.0 8.2 6.4 18.8 19.0 17.0 28.1 26.3 31.3 15.4 14.2 16.4 53.0 54.7 51.7 4.2 12.0 44.1 45.7 19.3 21.5 27.6 22.0 24.8 31.0         Business environment .. 132 Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) 71 29 34 Time to start a business (days) 11 12 8 Procedures to start a business (number) 56.0 Firing cost (weeks of wages) 56.0 63.9 Resolving insolvency (years) 10.0 7.0 3.3 Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) 65.5 61.8 40.4 Profit tax (% of commercial profits) .. 24.7 16.0 New businesses registered (thousands) 38.1 84.8 New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) 0.1 0.1 0.9 Enterprise surveys     Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) 6.7 .. Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) 52.3 .. Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) 46.6 .. Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) 29.5 .. ISO certification ownership (% of firms) 22.5 ..           Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) 33,742 182,341 301,804 0.9 1.4 2.1 Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) 30.3 29.5 25.7 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 23.0 20.8 17.7 Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)           Finance and banking –3.2 –3.7 –3.6 Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) 61.2 46.1 .. Government debt (% of GDP) 58.3 69.4 58.0 Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) 53.7 65.9 52.1 Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) 6.4 7.1 .. Bank capital to asset ratio (%) 5.2 2.4 .. Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) 39.4 49.0 40.1 Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) 6.3 Real interest rate (%) 4.3 Interest rate spread (percentage points) .. .. 8.7           Infrastructure 47.0 Paved roads (% of total roads) 49.5 48.6 Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) 456 571 644 Power outages in firms a typical month (number) .. .. Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) 7.9 61.4 71.7 Internet users (per 100 people) 2.4 7.5 13.5 The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2012

105


Indonesia East Asia & Pacific

Lower middle income Lower middleincome Country data group 2005 2010 2010

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

227.3 239.9 2,519 109.3 118.0 994 11.2 7.1 .. 1,220 2,500 1,623 4.7 5.7 6.4 13.1 15.3 17.0 46.5 47.0 31.3 27.4 24.8 16.4 40.3 37.6 51.7 10.5 5.1 9,704.7 9,090.4 34.1 24.6 27.6 29.9 23.0 31.0         Business environment .. 129 Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) 151 45 34 Time to start a business (days) 12 8 8 Procedures to start a business (number) 108.0 108.0 Firing cost (weeks of wages) 63.9 Resolving insolvency (years) 5.5 5.5 3.3 Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) 37.3 34.5 40.4 Profit tax (% of commercial profits) .. 23.7 16.0 New businesses registered (thousands) 23.3 29.0 New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) 0.2 0.2 0.9 Enterprise surveys     4.0 1.6 Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) 11.2 14.0 Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) 34.0 11.7 Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) 14.6 15.5 Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) 22.1 2.9 ISO certification ownership (% of firms)           Private sector investment 8,042 18,841 301,804 Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) 2.9 1.9 2.1 Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) 23.6 32.2 25.7 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) .. .. 17.7 Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)           Finance and banking –0.1 –0.6 –3.6 Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) 47.3 26.1 .. Government debt (% of GDP) 36.3 32.4 58.0 Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) 38.8 34.2 52.1 Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) 9.8 11.4 .. Bank capital to asset ratio (%) 7.4 2.6 .. Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) 26.4 29.1 40.1 Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) –0.2 4.8 Real interest rate (%) 6.0 6.2 8.7 Interest rate spread (percentage points)           Infrastructure 55.4 Paved roads (% of total roads) 56.9 48.6 Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) 494 590 644 Power outages in firms a typical month (number) .. 2.1 Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) 20.6 91.7 71.7 Internet users (per 100 people) 3.6 9.9 13.5

106

2012

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Iran, Islamic Rep. Middle East & North Africa

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2010 2010

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

69.7 74.0 2,452 24.4 25.3 1,314 12.1 10.5 5.8 2,550 4,520 5,886 5.9 4.5 6.3 10.2 .. 7.4 44.7 .. 36.8 10.7 .. 21.3 45.1 .. 55.8 13.4 10.1 8,964.0 10,254.2 33.1 .. 28.8 24.7 .. 26.9         Business environment .. 144 Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) 28 8 38 Time to start a business (days) 8 6 8 Procedures to start a business (number) 87.0 Firing cost (weeks of wages) 87.0 41.4 Resolving insolvency (years) 4.5 4.5 2.8 Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) 44.2 44.1 41.9 Profit tax (% of commercial profits) .. 17.8 17.0 New businesses registered (thousands) .. .. New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) .. .. 2.3 Enterprise surveys     .. .. Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) .. .. Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) .. .. Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) .. .. Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) .. .. ISO certification ownership (% of firms)           Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) 1,345 1,992 259,433 1.6 Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) 0.9 2.7 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 27.0 .. 27.5 Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) 17.9 .. 18.5           Finance and banking 6.0 Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) 0.6 .. Government debt (% of GDP) .. .. .. Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) 29.2 .. 94.3 Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) 37.4 .. 51.2 Bank capital to asset ratio (%) .. .. 10.4 Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) .. .. 3.7 Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) 30.0 36.7 83.2 Real interest rate (%) –0.9 11.3 Interest rate spread (percentage points) 4.2 0.1 5.8           Infrastructure 71.0 .. 57.6 Paved roads (% of total roads) 2,046 2,238 2,714 Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) .. .. Power outages in firms a typical month (number) 12.2 91.2 84.5 Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) 8.1 13.0 34.1 Internet users (per 100 people) The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2012

107


Iraq Middle East & North Africa

Lower middle income Lower middleincome Country data group 2005 2010 2010

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

27.6 32.0 2,519 6.3 7.5 994 18.0 .. .. 1,150 2,340 1,623 –7.6 4.7 6.4 8.6 .. 17.0 70.1 .. 31.3 1.7 .. 16.4 21.3 .. 51.7 37.0 2.9 1,472.0 1,170.0 .. .. 27.6 .. .. 31.0         Business environment .. 164 Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) 77 77 34 Time to start a business (days) 11 11 8 Procedures to start a business (number) .. .. Firing cost (weeks of wages) 63.9 Resolving insolvency (years) .. .. 3.3 Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) 24.7 28.4 40.4 Profit tax (% of commercial profits) .. 14.9 16.0 New businesses registered (thousands) .. .. New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) .. .. 0.9 Enterprise surveys     .. .. Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) .. .. Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) .. .. Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) .. .. Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) .. .. ISO certification ownership (% of firms)           Private sector investment 984 6,067 301,804 Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) 1.6 1.7 2.1 Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) .. .. 25.7 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) .. .. 17.7 Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)           Finance and banking .. .. –3.6 Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) .. .. .. Government debt (% of GDP) –4.0 –11.0 Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) 58.0 Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) 7.4 17.9 52.1 Bank capital to asset ratio (%) .. .. .. Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) .. .. .. Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) 2.5 9.1 40.1 Real interest rate (%) –8.5 –8.5 Interest rate spread (percentage points) 6.9 8.3 8.7           Infrastructure .. .. 48.6 Paved roads (% of total roads) 816 1,069 644 Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) .. .. Power outages in firms a typical month (number) 5.6 74.9 71.7 Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) 0.9 2.5 13.5 Internet users (per 100 people)

108

2012

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Ireland High income Highincome group 2010 2010

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

4.2 4.5 2.1 2.1 4.3 13.5 42,380 41,820 4.9 –0.6 1.6 1.0 34.5 31.9 23.1 24.2 63.9 67.1 2.4 –0.9 .. 0.8 81.1 101.1 69.4 82.0       Business environment .. 10 Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) 18 13 Time to start a business (days) 4 4 Procedures to start a business (number) 24.0 Firing cost (weeks of wages) 18.0 Resolving insolvency (years) 0.4 0.4 Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) 26.4 26.3 Profit tax (% of commercial profits) .. 11.9 New businesses registered (thousands) 17.2 13.2 New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) 6.4 4.7 Enterprise surveys     2.3 .. Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) 11.0 .. Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) 37.4 .. Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) 28.3 .. Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) 17.2 .. ISO certification ownership (% of firms)         Private sector investment .. .. Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) –14.9 13.1 Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) 26.6 11.5 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) .. .. Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)         Finance and banking 1.4 –14.1 Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) 32.4 70.5 Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) 161.6 241.8 Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) 89.9 109.0 Bank capital to asset ratio (%) 4.7 4.4 Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) 0.7 8.6 Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) 159.5 215.0 Real interest rate (%) –0.4 .. Interest rate spread (percentage points) 2.6 ..         Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) 100.0 100.0 Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) 6,242 6,034 Power outages in firms a typical month (number) .. .. Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) 102.6 105.1 Internet users (per 100 people) 41.6 69.8 The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2012

1,127 551 8.5 38,746 0.6 1.3 23.6 14.8 75.1

27.8 28.0 17 6 38.4 2.1 37.4 13.0 6.8

.. 2.1 17.9 ..   –7.5 58.2 139.2 108.8 6.8 4.1 164.0 ..   81.1 9,064 110.5 73.4

109


Isle of Man High income Highincome group 2010 2010

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

110

2012

0.08 .. 2.4 38,610 5.8 .. .. .. .. .. 0.5 .. ..   .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..   .. .. .. .. ..     .. .. .. ..     .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..     .. .. .. .. ..

0.08 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.6 .. ..   .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..   .. .. .. .. ..     .. .. .. ..     .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..     .. .. .. .. ..

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

1,127 551 8.5 38,746 0.6 1.3 23.6 14.8 75.1

27.8 28.0 17 6 38.4 2.1 37.4 13.0 6.8

.. 2.1 17.9 ..   –7.5 58.2 139.2 108.8 6.8 4.1 164.0 ..   81.1 9,064 110.5 73.4


Israel High income Highincome group 2010 2010

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

6.9 2.8 9.0 20,250 2.1 .. .. .. .. 1.3 4.5 42.6 42.9   Business environment .. Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) 34 Time to start a business (days) 5 Procedures to start a business (number) 91.0 Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) 4.0 Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) 40.0 Profit tax (% of commercial profits) .. New businesses registered (thousands) 19.1 New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) 4.6 Enterprise surveys   .. Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) .. Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) .. Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) .. Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) .. ISO certification ownership (% of firms)     Private sector investment .. Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) 3.6 Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) 18.8 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) ..     Finance and banking –4.5 Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) .. Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) 100.2 Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) 88.9 Bank capital to asset ratio (%) 5.6 Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) 2.3 Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) 89.7 Real interest rate (%) 5.5 Interest rate spread (percentage points) 3.2     Infrastructure 100.0 Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) 6,572 Power outages in firms a typical month (number) .. Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) 111.9 Internet users (per 100 people) 24.0 The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2012

7.6 3.2 6.6 27,180 3.9 .. .. .. .. 2.7 3.7 37.0 34.9   34 34 5 91.0 4.0 31.2 22.8 19.8 4.5   .. .. .. .. ..     .. 2.4 16.7 ..     –4.0 .. 105.8 91.3 6.8 1.4 95.7 3.4 2.9     100.0 6,608 .. 129.5 65.4

1,127 551 8.5 38,746 0.6 1.3 23.6 14.8 75.1

27.8 28.0 17 6 38.4 2.1 37.4 13.0 6.8

.. 2.1 17.9 ..   –7.5 58.2 139.2 108.8 6.8 4.1 164.0 ..   81.1 9,064 110.5 73.4

111


Italy High income Highincome group 2010 2010

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

58.6 60.5 24.7 25.1 7.7 8.4 30,880 35,700 0.9 –0.6 2.2 1.9 26.7 25.2 18.4 16.7 71.1 72.9 2.0 1.5 .. 0.8 25.9 26.7 25.9 28.6       Business environment .. 87 Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) 13 6 Time to start a business (days) 9 6 Procedures to start a business (number) 2.0 Firing cost (weeks of wages) 11.0 Resolving insolvency (years) 1.2 1.8 Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) 77.5 68.5 Profit tax (% of commercial profits) .. 22.8 New businesses registered (thousands) 73.6 68.5 New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) 1.9 1.8 Enterprise surveys     .. .. Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) .. .. Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) .. .. Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) .. .. Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) .. .. ISO certification ownership (% of firms)         Private sector investment .. .. Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) 1.1 0.5 Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) 20.9 19.7 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) .. .. Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)         Finance and banking –3.5 Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) –4.9 Government debt (% of GDP) 112.8 118.4 Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) 103.2 153.1 Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) 54.0 90.2 Bank capital to asset ratio (%) 7.6 9.3 Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) 5.3 7.8 Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) 89.0 122.0 Real interest rate (%) 3.4 3.6 Interest rate spread (percentage points) 4.9 ..         Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) 100.0 .. Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) 5,669 5,271 Power outages in firms a typical month (number) .. .. Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) 122.0 149.8 Internet users (per 100 people) 35.0 53.7

112

2012

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

1,127 551 8.5 38,746 0.6 1.3 23.6 14.8 75.1

27.8 28.0 17 6 38.4 2.1 37.4 13.0 6.8

.. 2.1 17.9 ..   –7.5 58.2 139.2 108.8 6.8 4.1 164.0 ..   81.1 9,064 110.5 73.4


Jamaica Latin America & Caribbean

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2010 2010

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

2.7 1.2 10.9 3,910 2.2 6.0 25.3 9.0 68.7 15.3 62.3 35.4 53.5   .. 8 6 62.0 1.1 51.3 .. 1.6 1.0   6.3 4.9 37.0 6.9 16.4     1,378 6.1 26.8 ..     –0.9 122.0 45.0 40.4 9.3 6.8 21.2 5.9 9.9     73.3 2,478 .. 74.8 13.0

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2012

2.7 2,452 1.2 1,314 11.4 5.8 4,800 5,886 –0.2 6.3 6.3 7.4 22.4 36.8 9.2 21.3 71.3 55.8 12.6 87.2 25.6 28.8 43.3 26.9     88 7 38 6 8 62.0 41.4 1.1 2.8 45.6 41.9 25.6 17.0 2.0 1.2 2.3   1.7 10.6 44.4 20.5 16.5       368 259,433 1.6 2.7 20.4 27.5 15.9 18.5       –15.3 .. 115.8 .. 43.1 94.3 38.9 51.2 .. 10.4 .. 3.7 24.8 83.2 8.9 14.1 5.8       .. 57.6 1,902 2,714 3.1 117.8 84.5 26.5 34.1

113


Japan High income Highincome group 2010 2010

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

127.8 127.5 66.6 66.7 4.4 5.0 38,950 41,850 1.3 –0.4 1.5 1.4 30.5 26.7 21.6 18.1 68.0 71.9 –0.3 –0.7 110.2 87.8 14.3 15.2 12.9 14.1       Business environment .. 20 Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) 31 23 Time to start a business (days) 11 8 Procedures to start a business (number) 4.0 Firing cost (weeks of wages) 4.0 Resolving insolvency (years) 0.6 0.6 Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) 53.1 49.1 Profit tax (% of commercial profits) .. 27.0 New businesses registered (thousands) 112.2 105.7 New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) 1.3 1.3 Enterprise surveys     .. .. Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) .. .. Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) .. .. Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) .. .. Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) .. .. ISO certification ownership (% of firms)         Private sector investment .. .. Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) 0.1 0.0 Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) 23.3 20.5 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) .. .. Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)         Finance and banking .. .. Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) 151.3 174.4 Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) 208.4 217.0 Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) 192.3 211.1 Bank capital to asset ratio (%) 4.9 4.8 Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) 1.8 1.8 Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) 188.6 169.3 Real interest rate (%) 2.9 3.8 Interest rate spread (percentage points) 1.4 1.1         Infrastructure 79.0 Paved roads (% of total roads) 80.1 Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) 8,213 7,819 Power outages in firms a typical month (number) .. .. Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) 75.5 94.7 Internet users (per 100 people) 66.2 77.6

114

2012

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

1,127 551 8.5 38,746 0.6 1.3 23.6 14.8 75.1

27.8 28.0 17 6 38.4 2.1 37.4 13.0 6.8

.. 2.1 17.9 ..   –7.5 58.2 139.2 108.8 6.8 4.1 164.0 ..   81.1 9,064 110.5 73.4


Jordan Middle East & North Africa

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2010 2010

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

5.4 1.4 12.4 2,490 6.3 3.1 28.9 18.2 68.1 3.5 0.7 52.7 94.2   .. 16 10 4.0 4.3 31.1 .. 1.8 0.6   6.7 0.9 8.6 47.1 15.5     1,758 15.8 30.6 23.3     –5.1 80.0 108.8 116.2 8.2 6.6 88.1 5.5 4.7     100.0 1,682 2.6 58.0 12.8

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2012

6.0 2,452 1.6 1,314 12.9 5.8 4,340 5,886 6.0 6.3 2.9 7.4 30.6 36.8 19.3 21.3 66.5 55.8 5.0 0.7 44.5 28.8 65.9 26.9     96 12 38 7 8 4.0 41.4 4.3 2.8 27.7 41.9 13.0 17.0 2.7 0.7 2.3   .. .. .. .. ..       4,270 259,433 6.2 2.7 15.3 27.5 11.4 18.5       –5.4 .. 59.0 .. 99.3 94.3 96.7 51.2 10.5 10.4 7.9 3.7 70.3 83.2 2.6 5.5 5.8       100.0 57.6 2,112 2,714 .. 109.5 84.5 38.9 34.1

115


Kazakhstan Europe & Central Asia

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2010 2010

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

116

2012

15.1 7.9 8.1 2,930 10.1 6.8 40.1 12.8 53.1 7.6 132.9 53.5 44.7   .. 25 8 9.0 1.5 43.0 .. 30.7 3.0   3.2 58.7 33.9 6.7 11.1     1,685 3.5 28.0 23.7     2.6 7.0 38.9 21.4 13.0 .. 35.7 .. ..     91.2 4,012 .. 35.6 3.0

16.3 2,452 8.8 1,314 6.6 5.8 7,580 5,886 5.7 6.3 4.8 7.4 42.4 36.8 13.1 21.3 52.8 55.8 7.1 147.4 44.0 28.8 29.2 26.9     47 19 38 6 8 9.0 41.4 1.5 2.8 28.6 41.9 15.9 17.0 28.0 2.6 2.3   4.7 25.1 31.0 47.8 10.8       3,798 259,433 7.2 2.7 24.1 27.5 19.0 18.5       –1.1 .. 10.2 .. 48.7 94.3 32.4 51.2 10.9 10.4 23.8 3.7 39.3 83.2 .. .. 5.8       88.5 57.6 4,448 2,714 2.8 118.9 84.5 33.4 34.1

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Kenya Sub-Saharan Africa

Low income Lowincome group 2010 2010

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

35.6 13.2 .. 520 3.4 27.2 19.1 11.8 53.7 10.3 75.6 28.5 36.0   .. 54 13 47.0 4.5 50.2 .. 7.3 0.4   5.1 32.3 22.9 40.5 9.8     1,434 0.1 18.7 14.9     1.5 .. 37.4 35.8 12.1 25.6 25.9 7.6 7.8     14.1 137 6.9 12.9 3.1

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2012

40.5 15.5 .. 810 4.3 25.2 19.8 11.4 55.0 4.0 79.2 27.5 37.9   109 33 11 47.0 4.5 49.6 33.1 17.9 0.9   .. .. .. .. ..     4,307 0.6 19.9 14.1     –5.9 .. 50.5 44.8 13.2 6.3 33.8 11.9 9.8     14.3 147 .. 61.6 25.9

796 364 .. 530 5.7 25.6 25.6 14.2 48.8

20.8 33.4 33 8 63.5 3.7 67.8 18.7 0.3

21,616 3.2 22.4 16.0   .. .. 34.8 31.7 .. .. 29.7 9.8   20.7 229 33.1 5.6

117


Kiribati East Asia & Pacific

Lower middle income Lower middleincome Country data group 2005 2010 2010

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

118

2012

0.09 .. .. 1,780 2.3 25.6 6.9 4.7 67.5 .. 1.3 9.4 76.5   .. 31 7 4.0 .. 31.8 .. .. ..   .. .. .. .. ..     .. 4.4 .. ..     .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..     .. .. .. 0.7 4.0

0.10 2,519 .. 994 .. .. 2,000 1,623 0.2 6.4 28.6 17.0 9.5 31.3 6.2 16.4 61.8 51.7 .. 1.1 .. 27.6 .. 31.0     115 31 34 7 8 4.0 63.9 .. 3.3 31.8 40.4 23.4 16.0 .. .. 0.9   .. .. .. .. ..       .. 301,804 2.4 2.1 .. 25.7 .. 17.7       .. –3.6 .. .. .. 58.0 .. 52.1 .. .. .. .. .. 40.1 .. .. 8.7       .. 48.6 .. 644 .. 10.0 71.7 9.0 13.5

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Korea, Dem. Rep. East Asia & Pacific

Low income Lowincome group 2010 2010

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

23.7 14.0 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..   .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..   .. .. .. .. ..     .. .. .. ..     .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..     2.8 812 .. 0.0 0.0 2012

24.3 14.6 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..   .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..   .. .. .. .. ..     474 .. .. ..     .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..     .. 733 .. 1.8 0.0

796 364 .. 530 5.7 25.6 25.6 14.2 48.8

20.8 33.4 33 8 63.5 3.7 67.8 18.7 0.3

21,616 3.2 22.4 16.0   .. .. 34.8 31.7 .. .. 29.7 9.8   20.7 229 33.1 5.6

119


Korea, Rep. High income Highincome group 2010 2010

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

48.1 48.9 23.9 24.6 3.7 3.7 16,900 19,890 4.5 3.4 3.3 2.6 37.7 39.3 27.5 30.6 59.0 58.2 2.8 2.9 1,024.1 1,156.1 39.3 52.4 36.6 49.6       Business environment .. 8 Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) 17 7 Time to start a business (days) 10 5 Procedures to start a business (number) 91.0 Firing cost (weeks of wages) 91.0 Resolving insolvency (years) 1.5 1.5 Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) 36.4 29.7 Profit tax (% of commercial profits) .. 15.1 New businesses registered (thousands) 31.9 60.0 New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) 0.9 1.7 Enterprise surveys     0.1 .. Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) 21.3 .. Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) 39.9 .. Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) 3.9 .. Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) 17.6 .. ISO certification ownership (% of firms)         Private sector investment .. .. Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) 0.7 0.0 Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) 28.9 28.6 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) .. .. Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)         Finance and banking 0.9 1.7 Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) .. .. Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) 92.1 106.6 Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) 64.0 72.5 Bank capital to asset ratio (%) 9.3 7.6 Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) 1.2 1.9 Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) 87.0 100.8 Real interest rate (%) 4.9 1.7 Interest rate spread (percentage points) 1.9 1.7         Infrastructure 76.8 Paved roads (% of total roads) 79.3 Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) 7,804 8,980 Power outages in firms a typical month (number) .. .. Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) 79.7 103.9 Internet users (per 100 people) 71.8 82.5

120

2012

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

1,127 551 8.5 38,746 0.6 1.3 23.6 14.8 75.1

27.8 28.0 17 6 38.4 2.1 37.4 13.0 6.8

.. 2.1 17.9 ..   –7.5 58.2 139.2 108.8 6.8 4.1 164.0 ..   81.1 9,064 110.5 73.4


Kosovo Europe & Central Asia

Lower middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2010 2010

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

1.8 .. 41.4 2,460 5.9 12.0 20.0 19.3 68.0 –1.4 .. 14.1 50.8   .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.2 0.2   .. .. .. .. ..     .. 3.6 25.6 20.9     .. .. 17.1 26.6 .. .. 18.8 15.4 10.9     .. .. .. .. ..

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2012

1.8 2,519 .. 994 45.4 .. 3,290 1,623 5.3 6.4 12.0 17.0 20.0 31.3 16.9 16.4 68.0 51.7 3.5 .. 19.3 27.6 62.1 31.0     117 58 34 10 8 30.0 63.9 2.0 3.3 15.4 40.4 9.1 16.0 0.1 0.1 0.9   9.8 7.7 25.3 76.9 7.9       385 301,804 8.7 2.1 30.5 25.7 18.2 17.7       .. –3.6 .. .. 34.3 58.0 40.4 52.1 .. .. 4.4 .. 37.3 40.1 10.9 10.9 8.7       .. 48.6 .. 644 42.8 .. 71.7 .. 13.5

121


Kuwait High income Highincome group 2010 2010

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2.3 1.2 2.0 34,650 8.9 0.5 51.0 2.3 48.5 4.1 0.3 64.0 28.3   Business environment .. Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) 35 Time to start a business (days) 13 Procedures to start a business (number) 78.0 Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) 4.2 Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) 14.4 Profit tax (% of commercial profits) .. New businesses registered (thousands) .. New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) .. Enterprise surveys   .. Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) .. Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) .. Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) .. Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) .. ISO certification ownership (% of firms)     Private sector investment .. Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) 0.3 Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 14.6 Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) ..     Finance and banking 29.1 Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) .. Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) 57.6 Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) 53.0 Bank capital to asset ratio (%) 13.0 Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) 4.1 Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) 58.5 Real interest rate (%) –11.7 Interest rate spread (percentage points) 4.0     Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) 85.0 Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) 17,123 Power outages in firms a typical month (number) .. Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) 100.6 Internet users (per 100 people) 25.9

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2012

2.7 1.4 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 4.0 0.3 56.4 28.0   67 32 12 78.0 4.2 15.5 4.7 .. ..   .. .. .. .. ..     .. 1.0 13.9 ..     18.7 .. 91.9 76.6 12.6 8.9 82.4 .. 2.6     .. 17,610 .. 160.8 38.3

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

1,127 551 8.5 38,746 0.6 1.3 23.6 14.8 75.1

27.8 28.0 17 6 38.4 2.1 37.4 13.0 6.8

.. 2.1 17.9 ..   –7.5 58.2 139.2 108.8 6.8 4.1 164.0 ..   81.1 9,064 110.5 73.4


Kyrgyz Republic Europe & Central Asia

Low income Lowincome group 2010 2010

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

5.2 2.3 8.1 450 4.1 31.9 22.4 14.4 45.7 4.4 41.0 38.7 57.7   .. 21 9 17.0 4.0 68.2 .. 2.4 0.7   5.1 83.8 13.6 14.1 14.7     12 1.7 14.4 9.6     –0.7 .. 9.1 8.2 .. .. 8.0 18.2 20.8     .. 1,835 .. 10.5 10.3

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2012

5.4 2.5 8.6 830 5.0 20.7 28.0 17.8 51.3 8.0 46.0 57.7 89.2   70 10 2 17.0 4.0 69.0 6.2 4.4 1.3   4.9 39.1 17.9 25.2 16.2     130 9.5 28.1 20.8     –5.0 .. .. .. .. .. .. 23.1 27.4     .. 1,386 5.7 96.8 19.6

796 364 .. 530 5.7 25.6 25.6 14.2 48.8

20.8 33.4 33 8 63.5 3.7 67.8 18.7 0.3

21,616 3.2 22.4 16.0   .. .. 34.8 31.7 .. .. 29.7 9.8   20.7 229 33.1 5.6

123


Lao PDR East Asia & Pacific

Lower middle income Lower middleincome Country data group 2005 2010 2010

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

5.8 6.2 2,519 2.8 3.2 994 1.4 .. .. 470 1,050 1,623 6.2 7.9 6.4 36.4 33.0 17.0 24.1 30.2 31.3 9.9 7.6 16.4 39.5 36.8 51.7 7.2 6.0 10,655.2 8,258.8 34.4 36.3 27.6 48.8 40.9 31.0         Business environment .. 165 Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) 153 93 34 Time to start a business (days) 7 7 8 Procedures to start a business (number) 162.0 162.0 Firing cost (weeks of wages) 63.9 Resolving insolvency (years) .. .. 3.3 Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) 35.5 33.3 40.4 Profit tax (% of commercial profits) .. 24.8 16.0 New businesses registered (thousands) .. .. New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) .. .. 0.9 Enterprise surveys     4.5 1.2 Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) 34.5 26.2 Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) 14.1 0.0 Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) 58.8 .. ISO certification ownership (% of firms) 3.3 7.2           Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) 1,339 5,422 301,804 1.0 3.8 2.1 Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) 23.5 26.1 25.7 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 14.6 14.5 17.7 Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)           Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) –3.2 –0.8 –3.6 Government debt (% of GDP) .. .. .. Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) 9.8 26.4 58.0 Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) 15.1 32.7 52.1 Bank capital to asset ratio (%) .. .. .. Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) .. .. .. Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) 7.4 20.4 40.1 Real interest rate (%) 24.5 12.0 Interest rate spread (percentage points) 22.1 19.6 8.7           Infrastructure 13.4 Paved roads (% of total roads) 13.7 48.6 Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) .. .. 644 Power outages in firms a typical month (number) .. 1.5 Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) 11.4 64.6 71.7 Internet users (per 100 people) 0.9 7.0 13.5

124

2012

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Latvia Europe & Central Asia

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2010 2010

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

2.3 2.2 2,452 1.1 1.2 1,314 8.9 18.7 5.8 6,810 11,640 5,886 8.0 –1.8 6.3 4.0 4.1 7.4 21.6 21.8 36.8 12.6 12.2 21.3 74.5 74.1 55.8 6.7 –1.1 0.6 0.5 47.8 53.4 28.8 62.2 54.2 26.9         .. 21 16 16 38 5 4 8 17.0 17.0 41.4 3.0 3.0 2.8 37.3 37.9 41.9 .. 6.1 17.0 8.8 7.2 5.6 4.6 2.3     3.2 9.7 30.0 4.4 27.9 37.3 23.5 93.2 9.5 18.2           858 787 259,433 4.4 1.5 2.7 30.6 18.0 27.5 30.6 21.6 18.5           –0.9 –6.8 .. .. 49.9 .. 72.0 98.1 94.3 34.6 43.8 51.2 7.6 7.3 10.4 0.7 19.0 3.7 68.2 103.7 83.2 –3.7 12.2 3.3 7.7 5.8           100.0 20.9 57.6 2,703 2,875 2,714 .. 0.7 81.4 103.0 84.5 46.1 71.5 34.1

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2012

125


Lebanon Middle East & North Africa

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2010 2010

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

4.1 4.2 2,452 1.3 1.5 1,314 7.9 .. 5.8 5,710 8,880 5,886 4.0 7.1 6.3 6.2 6.4 7.4 21.3 21.5 36.8 12.7 8.3 21.3 72.4 72.2 55.8 .. 4.0 1,507.5 1,507.5 21.4 20.9 28.8 42.6 43.8 26.9         Business environment .. 104 Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) 46 9 38 Time to start a business (days) 6 5 8 Procedures to start a business (number) 17.0 Firing cost (weeks of wages) 17.0 41.4 Resolving insolvency (years) 4.0 4.0 2.8 Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) 35.4 30.2 41.9 Profit tax (% of commercial profits) .. 6.1 17.0 New businesses registered (thousands) .. .. New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) .. .. 2.3 Enterprise surveys     12.0 8.9 Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) 23.7 19.2 Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) 53.5 23.8 Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) 71.6 117.6 Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) 20.9 17.9 ISO certification ownership (% of firms)           Private sector investment 291 .. 259,433 Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) 12.0 11.0 2.7 Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) 22.2 31.7 27.5 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 19.5 29.7 18.5 Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)           Finance and banking –7.8 Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) –8.2 .. Government debt (% of GDP) .. .. .. Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) 147.2 152.7 94.3 Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) 217.4 226.7 51.2 Bank capital to asset ratio (%) 7.5 7.3 10.4 Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) 16.4 4.3 3.7 Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) 68.5 81.3 83.2 Real interest rate (%) 11.4 3.8 Interest rate spread (percentage points) 2.5 2.1 5.8           Infrastructure .. .. 57.6 Paved roads (% of total roads) 2,785 3,130 2,714 Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) .. Power outages in firms a typical month (number) 29.9 Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) 24.5 68.0 84.5 Internet users (per 100 people) 10.1 31.0 34.1

126

2012

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Lesotho Sub-Saharan Africa

Lower middle income Lower middleincome Country data group 2005 2010 2010

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

2.1 0.85 .. 760 2.8 8.3 33.9 19.8 57.8 3.4 6.4 49.4 122.1   .. 93 9 44.0 2.6 26.2 .. .. ..   19.8 .. 11.9 .. 8.6     88 5.1 23.4 15.5     4.3 .. 12.8 26.0 10.2 3.0 9.0 5.9 7.8     .. .. .. 12.1 2.6

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2012

2.2 2,519 0.89 994 25.3 .. 1,070 1,623 4.0 6.4 7.6 17.0 32.9 31.3 15.1 16.4 59.5 51.7 3.6 7.3 44.2 27.6 101.8 31.0     143 40 34 7 8 44.0 63.9 2.6 3.3 16.0 40.4 13.1 16.0 .. .. 0.9   5.6 9.2 32.7 13.9 24.7       42 301,804 5.3 2.1 38.6 25.7 16.5 17.7       5.7 –3.6 .. .. 13.2 58.0 32.9 52.1 8.4 .. 3.7 .. 13.6 40.1 2.3 7.5 8.7       .. 48.6 .. 644 6.8 45.5 71.7 3.9 13.5

127


Liberia Sub-Saharan Africa

Low income Lowincome group 2010 2010

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

128

2012

3.2 1.1 5.6 130 –6.8 65.8 15.7 12.4 18.4 10.8 57.1 37.9 51.9   .. 68 10 84.0 3.0 43.7 .. .. ..   .. .. .. .. ..     70 15.6 16.4 4.3     0.0 .. .. .. .. .. 6.8 2.8 13.6     .. .. .. 5.0 0.0

4.0 1.4 3.7 200 6.9 61.3 16.8 12.7 21.9 7.4 71.3 31.1 172.6   151 6 4 84.0 3.0 43.7 0.0 .. ..   7.5 54.4 10.1 .. 2.4     379 45.9 .. ..     0.0 .. .. .. .. .. 16.0 5.9 10.1     .. .. 5.4 39.3 7.0

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

796 364 .. 530 5.7 25.6 25.6 14.2 48.8

20.8 33.4 33 8 63.5 3.7 67.8 18.7 0.3

21,616 3.2 22.4 16.0   .. .. 34.8 31.7 .. .. 29.7 9.8   20.7 229 33.1 5.6


Libya Middle East & North Africa

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2010 2010

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

5.8 6.4 2,452 2.1 2.4 1,314 .. .. 5.8 6,460 12,320 5,886 4.7 4.5 6.3 2.3 1.9 7.4 75.5 78.2 36.8 4.7 4.5 21.3 22.2 19.9 55.8 2.7 2.5 1.3 1.3 66.4 67.4 28.8 28.3 27.5 26.9         .. .. .. .. 38 .. .. 8 .. .. 41.4 .. .. 2.8 .. .. 41.9 .. .. 17.0 .. .. .. .. 2.3     .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..           .. .. 259,433 2.4 2.2 2.7 15.8 27.9 27.5 1.7 5.9 18.5           .. .. .. .. .. .. 10.1 14.4 94.3 17.6 41.2 51.2 .. .. 10.4 .. .. 3.7 7.7 10.9 83.2 –14.8 57.8 4.0 3.5 5.8           .. .. 57.6 3,413 4,170 2,714 .. .. 34.7 171.5 84.5 3.9 14.0 34.1

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2012

129


Liechtenstein High income Highincome group 2010 2010

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

130

2012

0.03 0.04 .. .. .. .. 92,780 137,070 0.5 3.0 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..       .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.6 .. 25.1     .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..         .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..         .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..         .. .. .. .. .. .. 79.3 98.5 63.4 80.0

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

1,127 551 8.5 38,746 0.6 1.3 23.6 14.8 75.1

27.8 28.0 17 6 38.4 2.1 37.4 13.0 6.8

.. 2.1 17.9 ..   –7.5 58.2 139.2 108.8 6.8 4.1 164.0 ..   81.1 9,064 110.5 73.4


Lithuania Europe & Central Asia

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2010 2010

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

3.4 1.6 8.3 7,280 8.0 4.8 32.9 20.8 62.3 2.7 2.8 57.5 64.6   .. 26 8 30.0 1.7 52.3 .. 4.5 1.8   4.6 35.4 21.8 37.5 17.5     1,507 4.0 22.8 19.1     –0.5 21.4 44.8 31.9 7.9 0.6 40.9 –1.3 2.9     28.3 3,101 .. 127.5 36.2

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2012

3.3 2,452 1.6 1,314 17.8 5.8 11,510 5,886 0.5 6.3 3.5 7.4 28.2 36.8 16.4 21.3 68.3 55.8 1.3 2.6 68.2 28.8 69.6 26.9     27 22 38 6 8 30.0 41.4 1.5 2.8 43.9 41.9 5.7 17.0 5.4 2.2 2.3   9.3 3.4 47.4 63.0 15.6       1,012 259,433 2.1 2.7 16.1 27.5 .. 18.5       –7.2 .. 43.2 .. 66.8 94.3 41.9 51.2 8.9 10.4 19.7 3.7 66.4 83.2 12.6 3.6 5.8       29.4 57.6 3,431 2,714 1.1 148.8 84.5 62.8 34.1

131


Luxembourg High income Highincome group 2010 2010

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

0.47 0.51 0.21 0.24 4.5 4.4 69,300 76,980 3.5 1.5 0.4 0.3 16.6 12.8 9.2 6.1 82.9 86.9 2.5 2.3 .. 0.8 155.8 165.0 130.3 133.8       Business environment .. 50 Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) 26 19 Procedures to start a business (number) 6 6 Firing cost (weeks of wages) 39.0 52.0 Resolving insolvency (years) 2.0 2.0 Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) 21.6 20.8 Profit tax (% of commercial profits) .. 4.1 New businesses registered (thousands) 2.0 .. New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) 6.3 .. Enterprise surveys     .. .. Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) .. .. Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) .. .. Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) .. .. Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) .. .. ISO certification ownership (% of firms)         Private sector investment .. .. Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) 305.8 389.8 Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) 20.5 18.4 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) .. .. Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)         Finance and banking 0.3 –1.0 Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) 3.6 17.1 Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) 129.1 186.6 Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) 362.6 338.3 Bank capital to asset ratio (%) 4.1 5.2 Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) 0.2 0.2 Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) 129.0 185.4 Real interest rate (%) .. .. Interest rate spread (percentage points) .. ..         Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) 100.0 .. Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) 15,640 14,424 Power outages in firms a typical month (number) .. .. Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) 109.6 143.4 Internet users (per 100 people) 68.8 90.1

132

2012

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

1,127 551 8.5 38,746 0.6 1.3 23.6 14.8 75.1

27.8 28.0 17 6 38.4 2.1 37.4 13.0 6.8

.. 2.1 17.9 ..   –7.5 58.2 139.2 108.8 6.8 4.1 164.0 ..   81.1 9,064 110.5 73.4


Macao SAR, China High income Highincome group 2010 2010

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

0.48 0.54 0.26 0.34 4.2 3.6 22,800 34,880 12.8 10.1 0.0 0.0 15.2 11.0 4.3 1.5 84.8 89.0 4.4 2.8 8.0 8.0 94.9 106.9 62.6 49.8       Business environment .. .. Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) .. .. Time to start a business (days) .. .. Procedures to start a business (number) .. .. Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) .. .. Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) .. .. Profit tax (% of commercial profits) .. .. New businesses registered (thousands) .. .. New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) .. .. Enterprise surveys     .. .. Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) .. .. Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) .. .. Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) .. .. Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) .. .. ISO certification ownership (% of firms)         Private sector investment .. .. Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) 15.0 12.6 Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) 25.9 12.3 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) .. .. Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)         Finance and banking 8.6 19.6 Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) .. .. Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) 40.0 47.6 Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) 141.0 105.0 Bank capital to asset ratio (%) .. .. Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) .. .. Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) 45.4 57.4 Real interest rate (%) 1.2 1.1 Interest rate spread (percentage points) 5.5 5.2         Infrastructure 100.0 100.0 Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) .. .. Power outages in firms a typical month (number) .. .. Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) 110.7 206.3 Internet users (per 100 people) 34.9 56.8 The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2012

1,127 551 8.5 38,746 0.6 1.3 23.6 14.8 75.1

27.8 28.0 17 6 38.4 2.1 37.4 13.0 6.8

.. 2.1 17.9 ..   –7.5 58.2 139.2 108.8 6.8 4.1 164.0 ..   81.1 9,064 110.5 73.4

133


Macedonia, FYR Europe & Central Asia

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2010 2010

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

134

2012

2.0 0.86 37.3 2,900 1.9 12.3 28.2 17.4 59.5 0.2 49.3 44.1 61.1   .. 48 13 35.0 2.0 21.6 .. 8.0 5.7   9.7 32.8 17.7 8.5 14.1     707 1.6 16.6 10.6     2.4 .. 26.0 31.4 15.9 15.0 24.4 8.1 6.9     55.6 3,411 .. 55.5 26.5

2.1 2,452 0.95 1,314 32.0 5.8 4,570 5,886 3.4 6.3 11.3 7.4 27.8 36.8 15.6 21.3 60.9 55.8 1.6 46.5 47.3 28.8 66.0 26.9     22 3 38 3 8 26.0 41.4 2.0 2.8 9.7 41.9 6.3 17.0 8.1 5.6 2.3   14.5 8.1 47.0 27.7 21.5       1,525 259,433 2.3 2.7 19.6 27.5 13.0 18.5       –0.8 .. .. .. 49.0 94.3 50.2 51.2 10.6 10.4 9.0 3.7 45.3 83.2 7.2 2.4 5.8       57.6 57.6 3,442 2,714 2.2 104.5 84.5 51.9 34.1

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Madagascar Sub-Saharan Africa

Low income Lowincome group 2010 2010

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

17.9 20.7 8.6 10.1 2.6 .. 300 430 2.0 3.1 28.3 29.1 15.8 16.0 14.0 14.1 55.9 54.9 18.5 9.2 2,003.0 2,090.0 28.2 28.8 45.6 52.8       Business environment .. 137 Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) 38 8 Time to start a business (days) 11 3 Procedures to start a business (number) 30.0 Firing cost (weeks of wages) 30.0 Resolving insolvency (years) 2.0 2.0 Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) 46.9 36.6 Profit tax (% of commercial profits) .. 14.7 New businesses registered (thousands) 1.0 0.7 New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) 0.1 0.1 Enterprise surveys     20.8 17.1 Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) .. Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) 6.8 Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) 18.5 12.2 Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) .. 92.1 ISO certification ownership (% of firms) 6.6 8.7         Private sector investment 74 472 Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) 1.7 9.9 Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) 22.2 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 33.0 Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) 13.5 29.8         Finance and banking –4.6 Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) –1.9 Government debt (% of GDP) .. .. Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) 11.8 14.3 Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) 14.2 17.0 Bank capital to asset ratio (%) 6.7 .. Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) 19.6 .. Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) 9.9 11.7 Real interest rate (%) 7.4 37.9 Interest rate spread (percentage points) 8.3 38.5         Infrastructure .. .. Paved roads (% of total roads) .. .. Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) .. Power outages in firms a typical month (number) 13.6 Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) 2.9 37.2 Internet users (per 100 people) 0.6 1.7 The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2012

796 364 .. 530 5.7 25.6 25.6 14.2 48.8

20.8 33.4 33 8 63.5 3.7 67.8 18.7 0.3

21,616 3.2 22.4 16.0   .. .. 34.8 31.7 .. .. 29.7 9.8   20.7 229 33.1 5.6

135


Malawi Sub-Saharan Africa

Low income Lowincome group 2010 2010

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

136

2012

12.8 5.7 7.8 220 2.7 32.6 17.0 9.2 50.3 15.4 118.4 24.0 52.2   .. 39 10 84.0 2.6 32.6 .. 0.4 0.1   5.8 15.3 20.6 98.5 17.2     36 1.4 20.2 13.0     .. .. 9.2 17.0 .. .. 7.9 19.6 22.2     45.0 .. 6.4 3.3 0.4

14.9 6.7 .. 330 7.4 30.5 16.1 10.0 53.4 7.4 150.5 30.6 47.2   145 39 10 84.0 2.6 28.2 23.6 0.6 0.1   3.5 11.4 20.6 59.2 17.9     314 2.8 21.7 16.9     .. .. 18.4 21.1 .. .. 16.0 17.1 21.0     .. .. 1.0 20.4 2.3

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

796 364 .. 530 5.7 25.6 25.6 14.2 48.8

20.8 33.4 33 8 63.5 3.7 67.8 18.7 0.3

21,616 3.2 22.4 16.0   .. .. 34.8 31.7 .. .. 29.7 9.8   20.7 229 33.1 5.6


Malaysia East Asia & Pacific

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2010 2010

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

26.1 11.0 3.5 5,110 5.1 8.4 49.7 29.6 41.9 3.0 3.8 117.5 94.6   .. 37 10 75.0 2.3 36.0 .. 37.7 2.5   7.8 .. 48.6 10.7 54.1     20,698 2.9 20.5 10.3     –3.9 43.8 123.2 113.6 7.7 9.6 110.8 1.3 3.0     81.3 3,121 0.8 74.9 48.6

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2012

28.4 2,452 12.0 1,314 3.7 5.8 7,760 5,886 4.2 6.3 10.6 7.4 44.4 36.8 26.1 21.3 45.0 55.8 1.7 3.2 97.3 28.8 79.5 26.9     18 6 38 4 8 75.0 41.4 1.5 2.8 34.0 41.9 17.0 17.0 41.6 2.5 2.3   .. .. .. .. ..       5,707 259,433 3.9 2.7 20.3 27.5 10.3 18.5       –5.4 .. 53.1 .. 132.4 94.3 128.8 51.2 9.1 10.4 3.4 3.7 114.9 83.2 –0.1 2.5 5.8       .. 57.6 3,614 2,714 .. 119.2 84.5 56.3 34.1

137


Maldives South Asia

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2010 2010

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

138

2012

0.30 0.12 14.4 3,350 7.1 9.9 30.7 10.0 59.4 3.5 12.8 49.5 88.7   .. 9 5 9.0 1.5 9.3 .. 0.7 3.2   .. .. .. .. ..     53 5.4 40.9 ..     –9.3 40.3 44.6 44.6 .. .. 46.1 13.5 6.5     100.0 .. .. 69.0 6.9

0.32 2,452 0.15 1,314 .. 5.8 5,750 5,886 8.5 6.3 3.1 7.4 14.5 36.8 3.8 21.3 82.3 55.8 4.7 12.8 49.7 28.8 67.3 26.9     79 9 38 5 8 9.0 41.4 1.5 2.8 9.3 41.9 0.0 17.0 0.9 3.1 2.3   .. .. .. .. ..       490 259,433 8.6 2.7 .. 27.5 .. 18.5       –22.4 .. 44.2 .. 104.2 94.3 76.7 51.2 .. 10.4 .. 3.7 64.6 83.2 10.7 6.3 5.8       .. 57.6 .. 2,714 .. 156.4 84.5 28.3 34.1

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Mali Sub-Saharan Africa

Low income Lowincome group 2010 2010

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

13.2 3.6 8.8 390 5.9 36.6 24.2 3.2 39.3 6.4 527.5 25.6 37.3   .. 41 12 31.0 3.6 52.2 .. .. ..   2.4 31.1 7.0 48.4 8.6     504 3.5 22.6 15.0     –2.5 .. 18.1 17.1 .. .. 17.2 .. ..     19.0 .. 4.2 5.8 0.5

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2012

15.4 4.3 .. 600 4.7 .. .. .. .. 1.1 495.3 .. ..   146 8 4 31.0 3.6 51.8 10.8 .. ..   2.0 20.2 29.3 32.9 24.8     837 1.6 .. ..     –2.1 .. 19.7 19.8 .. .. 18.4 .. ..     24.6 .. 5.3 48.4 2.7

796 364 .. 530 5.7 25.6 25.6 14.2 48.8

20.8 33.4 33 8 63.5 3.7 67.8 18.7 0.3

21,616 3.2 22.4 16.0   .. .. 34.8 31.7 .. .. 29.7 9.8   20.7 229 33.1 5.6

139


Malta High income Highincome group 2010 2010

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

140

2012

0.40 0.42 0.16 0.18 7.3 6.9 14,310 19,130 1.1 2.3 2.7 1.8 39.3 33.0 17.0 13.6 57.9 65.2 3.0 1.5 0.3 0.8 77.1 85.2 82.4 83.4       .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 2.4 2.7 8.8 9.5     .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..         .. .. 11.4 12.0 20.1 16.7 .. ..         –3.1 –3.6 83.4 81.7 136.7 160.2 137.6 148.7 12.9 10.8 3.9 7.2 106.5 131.4 2.9 1.6 2.8 ..         87.5 87.5 4,913 4,416 .. .. 80.2 109.5 41.8 63.1

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

1,127 551 8.5 38,746 0.6 1.3 23.6 14.8 75.1

27.8 28.0 17 6 38.4 2.1 37.4 13.0 6.8

.. 2.1 17.9 ..   –7.5 58.2 139.2 108.8 6.8 4.1 164.0 ..   81.1 9,064 110.5 73.4


Marshall Islands East Asia & Pacific

Lower middle income Lower middleincome Country data group 2005 2010 2010

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

0.05 .. .. 3,560 1.8 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..   .. 17 5 .. 2.0 64.9 .. .. ..   .. .. .. .. ..     .. 4.7 .. ..     .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..     .. .. .. 1.3 3.9

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2012

0.05 2,519 .. 994 .. .. 3,640 1,623 0.9 6.4 .. 17.0 .. 31.3 .. 16.4 .. 51.7 .. .. .. 27.6 .. 31.0     106 17 34 5 8 .. 63.9 2.0 3.3 64.9 40.4 0.0 16.0 .. .. 0.9   .. .. .. .. ..       .. 301,804 5.3 2.1 .. 25.7 .. 17.7       .. –3.6 .. .. .. 58.0 .. 52.1 .. .. .. .. .. 40.1 .. .. 8.7       .. 48.6 .. 644 .. 7.0 71.7 3.5 13.5

141


Mauritania Sub-Saharan Africa

Lower middle income Lower middleincome Country data group 2005 2010 2010

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

142

2012

3.0 0.93 33.0 720 4.5 30.5 33.2 10.0 36.3 12.1 265.5 30.7 82.5   .. 82 11 31.0 8.0 94.8 .. .. ..   5.8 48.2 3.2 7.5 5.9     92 37.3 59.0 52.1     .. .. 39.4 22.0 .. .. 23.9 12.3 15.1     30.3 .. 3.7 24.5 0.7

3.5 2,519 1.1 994 .. .. 1,000 1,623 4.3 6.4 17.1 17.0 43.9 31.3 3.7 16.4 38.9 51.7 6.3 275.9 62.0 27.6 73.6 31.0     159 19 34 9 8 31.0 63.9 8.0 3.3 68.3 40.4 0.0 16.0 .. .. 0.9   .. .. .. .. ..       266 301,804 0.4 2.1 24.5 25.7 16.6 17.7       .. –3.6 .. .. 35.4 58.0 24.6 52.1 .. .. .. .. 30.4 40.1 –2.0 9.0 8.7       .. 48.6 .. 644 .. 79.3 71.7 3.0 13.5

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Mauritius Sub-Saharan Africa

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2010 2010

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

1.2 0.55 9.6 5,360 3.3 6.0 27.6 19.8 66.4 4.9 29.5 59.9 65.9   .. 46 6 35.0 1.7 23.4 .. 6.3 7.3   9.6 .. 48.4 .. 28.4     393 0.7 21.4 15.1     .. .. 102.7 91.4 7.3 3.0 75.3 16.1 13.8     100.0 .. .. 52.8 15.3

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2012

1.3 2,452 0.60 1,314 7.7 5.8 7,850 5,886 4.6 6.3 3.6 7.4 26.9 36.8 18.0 21.3 69.4 55.8 2.9 30.8 52.4 28.8 63.8 26.9     23 6 38 5 8 4.0 41.4 1.7 2.8 25.0 41.9 11.6 17.0 6.6 7.3 2.3   9.4 0.3 37.5 18.7 11.1       63 259,433 4.4 2.7 24.9 27.5 18.8 18.5       –2.4 .. 37.8 .. 112.2 94.3 99.4 51.2 7.3 10.4 2.8 3.7 87.8 83.2 6.9 0.5 5.8       98.0 57.6 .. 2,714 3.2 93.0 84.5 28.7 34.1

143


Mayotte Sub-Saharan Africa

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2010 2010

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

144

2012

0.17 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..   .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..   .. .. .. .. ..     .. .. .. ..     .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..     .. .. .. 28.4 ..

0.20 2,452 .. 1,314 .. 5.8 .. 5,886 .. 6.3 .. 7.4 .. 36.8 .. 21.3 .. 55.8 .. .. .. 28.8 .. 26.9     .. .. 38 .. 8 .. 41.4 .. 2.8 .. 41.9 .. 17.0 .. .. 2.3   .. .. .. .. ..       .. 259,433 .. 2.7 .. 27.5 .. 18.5       .. .. .. .. .. 94.3 .. 51.2 .. 10.4 .. 3.7 .. 83.2 .. .. 5.8       .. 57.6 .. 2,714 .. .. 84.5 .. 34.1

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Mexico Latin America & Caribbean

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2010 2010

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

106.5 113.4 2,452 44.3 49.6 1,314 3.5 5.3 5.8 7,820 8,930 5,886 1.9 1.1 6.3 3.7 3.9 7.4 34.0 34.3 36.8 18.4 18.0 21.3 62.3 61.8 55.8 4.0 4.2 10.9 12.6 27.1 30.3 28.8 28.6 31.7 26.9         .. 53 58 9 38 9 6 8 52.0 52.0 41.4 1.8 1.8 2.8 55.7 52.7 41.9 .. 24.5 17.0 37.3 44.1 0.6 0.6 2.3     20.5 13.6 9.6 10.4 2.6 16.2 8.3 17.1 20.3 24.0           29,001 32,322 259,433 2.9 1.9 2.7 20.0 20.1 27.5 15.5 14.2 18.5           .. .. .. .. .. .. 33.4 39.2 94.3 21.7 26.7 51.2 12.5 10.4 10.4 1.8 2.0 3.7 16.6 24.6 83.2 4.9 1.2 6.2 4.1 5.8           37.0 35.3 57.6 1,927 1,943 2,714 2.4 3.5 44.3 80.6 84.5 17.2 31.1 34.1

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2012

145


Micronesia, Fed. Sts. East Asia & Pacific

Lower middle income Lower middleincome Country data group 2005 2010 2010

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

146

2012

0.11 .. .. 2,510 0.3 .. .. .. .. .. 1.0 .. ..   .. 16 7 .. 5.3 59.6 .. .. ..   .. .. .. .. ..     .. 0.0 .. ..     .. .. .. .. .. .. 19.8 13.9 14.8     .. .. .. 12.9 11.9

0.11 2,519 .. 994 .. .. 2,740 1,623 –0.5 6.4 .. 17.0 .. 31.3 .. 16.4 .. 51.7 .. 1.0 .. 27.6 .. 31.0     140 16 34 7 8 .. 63.9 5.3 3.3 58.7 40.4 0.0 16.0 .. .. 0.9   12.4 0.0 7.2 67.1 6.0       .. 301,804 3.4 2.1 .. 25.7 .. 17.7       .. –3.6 .. .. .. 58.0 .. 52.1 .. .. .. .. 20.6 40.1 11.7 14.2 8.7       .. 48.6 .. 644 5.8 24.8 71.7 20.0 13.5

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Moldova Europe & Central Asia

Lower middle income Lower middleincome Country data group 2005 2010 2010

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

3.6 1.4 7.3 890 7.1 19.5 16.3 15.9 64.1 12.0 12.6 51.1 91.7   .. 30 10 29.0 2.8 48.2 .. 4.6 1.5   3.7 45.2 27.0 30.4 7.2     273 6.4 24.6 22.6     1.8 32.4 25.4 29.9 15.7 5.3 23.6 9.1 6.0     86.3 1,539 .. 30.3 15.3

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2012

3.6 2,519 1.2 994 6.4 .. 1,810 1,623 2.9 6.4 14.3 17.0 13.2 31.3 12.7 16.4 72.5 51.7 7.4 12.4 39.6 27.6 78.2 31.0     81 9 34 7 8 37.0 63.9 2.8 3.3 31.3 40.4 0.0 16.0 4.2 1.3 0.9   7.0 15.5 30.8 24.3 9.1       555 301,804 3.3 2.1 22.7 25.7 21.9 17.7       –2.6 –3.6 26.3 .. 38.7 58.0 37.5 52.1 16.0 .. 13.3 .. 33.3 40.1 4.7 8.7 8.7       85.8 48.6 1,018 644 1.7 88.9 71.7 40.1 13.5

147


Monaco High income Highincome group 2010 2010

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

0.04 0.04 .. .. .. .. 123,100 183,150 1.7 7.7 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..       Business environment .. .. Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) .. .. Time to start a business (days) .. .. Procedures to start a business (number) .. .. Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) .. .. Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) .. .. Profit tax (% of commercial profits) .. .. New businesses registered (thousands) .. .. New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) .. .. Enterprise surveys     .. .. Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) .. .. Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) .. .. Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) .. .. Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) .. .. ISO certification ownership (% of firms)         Private sector investment .. .. Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) .. .. Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) .. .. Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) .. .. Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)         Finance and banking .. .. Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) .. .. Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) .. .. Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) .. .. Bank capital to asset ratio (%) .. .. Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) .. .. Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) .. .. Real interest rate (%) .. .. Interest rate spread (percentage points) .. ..         Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) 100.0 100.0 Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) .. .. Power outages in firms a typical month (number) .. .. Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) .. .. Internet users (per 100 people) .. ..

148

2012

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

1,127 551 8.5 38,746 0.6 1.3 23.6 14.8 75.1

27.8 28.0 17 6 38.4 2.1 37.4 13.0 6.8

.. 2.1 17.9 ..   –7.5 58.2 139.2 108.8 6.8 4.1 164.0 ..   81.1 9,064 110.5 73.4


Mongolia East Asia & Pacific

Lower middle income Lower middleincome Country data group 2005 2010 2010

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2.5 2.8 2,519 1.1 1.2 994 3.3 .. .. 890 1,870 1,623 6.7 6.4 6.4 22.1 16.2 17.0 36.2 37.5 31.3 6.4 7.3 16.4 41.7 46.3 51.7 12.7 10.1 1,205.2 1,357.1 58.8 54.7 27.6 63.6 62.4 31.0         Business environment .. 86 Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) 13 13 34 Time to start a business (days) 7 7 8 Procedures to start a business (number) 9.0 Firing cost (weeks of wages) 9.0 63.9 Resolving insolvency (years) 4.0 4.0 3.3 Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) 39.8 24.6 40.4 Profit tax (% of commercial profits) .. 10.2 16.0 New businesses registered (thousands) .. .. New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) .. .. 0.9 Enterprise surveys     6.0 12.1 Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) .. Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) 20.8 Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) 42.3 26.5 Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) 6.7 20.0 ISO certification ownership (% of firms) 20.5 16.7           Private sector investment 22 .. 301,804 Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) 7.3 23.5 2.1 Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) 27.9 32.5 25.7 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 25.8 26.4 17.7 Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)           Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) 2.8 3.0 –3.6 Government debt (% of GDP) 50.5 45.0 .. Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) 27.6 41.8 58.0 Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) 34.8 34.9 52.1 Bank capital to asset ratio (%) .. .. .. Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) .. .. .. Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) 27.6 39.6 40.1 Real interest rate (%) 8.7 0.0 Interest rate spread (percentage points) 17.6 8.2 8.7           Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) 3.5 .. 48.6 Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) 1,278 1,411 644 Power outages in firms a typical month (number) .. 2.6 Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) 21.9 91.1 71.7 Internet users (per 100 people) 2.0 12.9 13.5 The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2012

149


Montenegro Europe & Central Asia

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2010 2010

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

150

2012

0.63 .. 30.3 3,580 2.8 10.5 20.7 9.8 68.8 2.9 0.8 43.5 61.1   .. 24 13 39.0 2.0 31.6 .. 2.0 4.2   12.7 .. 18.6 .. 12.0     248 25.5 18.0 13.3     .. .. .. .. 15.3 5.3 18.0 2.0 6.1     .. .. .. 86.7 28.8

0.63 2,452 .. 1,314 .. 5.8 6,740 5,886 4.3 6.3 9.2 7.4 19.5 36.8 5.4 21.3 71.3 55.8 0.7 0.8 35.6 28.8 63.6 26.9     56 10 38 6 8 28.0 41.4 2.0 2.8 22.3 41.9 7.1 17.0 0.4 0.9 2.3   6.8 3.4 75.9 30.9 13.0       486 259,433 18.5 2.7 21.1 27.5 15.8 18.5       .. .. .. .. .. 94.3 .. 51.2 10.6 10.4 21.0 3.7 66.9 83.2 7.8 5.8 5.8       .. 57.6 .. 2,714 7.0 185.1 84.5 52.0 34.1

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Morocco Middle East & North Africa

Lower middle income Lower middleincome Country data group 2005 2010 2010

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

30.4 11.0 11.0 1,960 5.0 14.7 28.2 16.3 57.1 1.0 8.9 32.3 37.9   .. 12 6 85.0 1.8 51.7 .. 11.3 0.6   9.2 10.7 26.5 18.8 22.3     7,389 2.7 27.5 23.8     –2.5 57.3 73.0 71.5 7.7 15.7 46.2 9.9 8.0     61.9 636 2.5 40.8 15.1

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2012

32.0 2,519 11.4 994 10.0 .. 2,850 1,623 4.8 6.4 15.4 17.0 29.7 31.3 15.3 16.4 55.0 51.7 1.0 8.4 33.0 27.6 42.9 31.0     94 12 34 6 8 85.0 63.9 1.8 3.3 49.6 40.4 25.2 16.0 26.2 1.3 0.9   .. .. .. .. ..       3,874 301,804 1.4 2.1 30.7 25.7 24.9 17.7       –2.6 –3.6 50.3 .. 105.2 58.0 89.6 52.1 8.4 .. 4.4 .. 68.7 40.1 .. .. 8.7       70.3 48.6 756 644 .. 100.1 71.7 49.0 13.5

151


Mozambique Sub-Saharan Africa

Low income Lowincome group 2010 2010

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

152

2012

20.8 9.9 .. 290 8.2 27.0 25.3 15.5 47.7 7.2 23.1 31.7 43.9   .. 153 14 143.0 5.0 34.3 .. .. ..   3.3 9.8 10.5 12.7 18.7     1,663 1.6 18.7 10.1     .. .. 18.1 23.6 6.6 3.5 11.8 9.8 11.7     .. 445 3.0 7.2 0.9

23.4 11.1 .. 440 7.2 31.9 23.4 13.1 44.8 12.7 34.0 25.3 43.2   139 13 9 134.0 5.0 34.3 27.7 .. ..   .. .. .. .. ..     236 8.2 23.7 10.6     .. .. .. .. 8.0 1.9 25.8 3.1 6.6     20.8 453 .. 30.9 4.2

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

796 364 .. 530 5.7 25.6 25.6 14.2 48.8

20.8 33.4 33 8 63.5 3.7 67.8 18.7 0.3

21,616 3.2 22.4 16.0   .. .. 34.8 31.7 .. .. 29.7 9.8   20.7 229 33.1 5.6


Myanmar East Asia & Pacific

Low income Lowincome group 2010 2010

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

46.3 26.0 .. .. 13.0 46.7 17.5 12.8 35.8 9.4 5.8 0.2 0.1   .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..   .. .. .. .. ..     .. .. 12.7 ..     –1.5 .. 6.0 8.1 .. .. 4.7 –3.6 5.5     11.9 85 .. 0.3 0.1 2012

48.0 28.0 .. .. 11.2 36.4 26.0 19.5 37.6 7.7 5.6 0.1 0.1   .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..   .. .. .. .. ..     556 .. 22.4 ..     .. .. .. .. .. .. 4.7 8.1 5.0     .. 104 .. 1.2 0.2

796 364 .. 530 5.7 25.6 25.6 14.2 48.8

20.8 33.4 33 8 63.5 3.7 67.8 18.7 0.3

21,616 3.2 22.4 16.0   .. .. 34.8 31.7 .. .. 29.7 9.8   20.7 229 33.1 5.6

153


Namibia Sub-Saharan Africa

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2010 2010

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

154

2012

2.1 0.78 21.9 3,300 5.4 11.3 29.2 13.6 59.5 2.3 6.4 40.5 40.3   .. 95 10 24.0 1.5 13.1 .. .. ..   2.9 2.6 8.1 9.2 17.6     36 2.3 18.6 16.2     0.0 .. 59.7 41.2 7.8 2.3 51.8 4.8 4.4     12.8 1,416 1.6 21.6 4.0

2.3 2,452 0.93 1,314 37.6 5.8 4,510 5,886 3.8 6.3 7.5 7.4 19.6 36.8 7.7 21.3 72.9 55.8 4.5 7.3 38.9 28.8 37.8 26.9     78 66 38 10 8 24.0 41.4 1.5 2.8 9.8 41.9 4.0 17.0 .. .. 2.3   .. .. .. .. ..       9 259,433 6.5 2.7 23.5 27.5 14.9 18.5       .. .. .. .. .. 94.3 .. 51.2 8.4 10.4 2.0 3.7 45.6 83.2 0.4 4.7 5.8       14.7 57.6 1,576 2,714 .. 67.2 84.5 6.5 34.1

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Nepal South Asia

Low income Lowincome group 2010 2010

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

27.3 14.0 .. 290 3.3 36.3 17.7 8.2 46.0 6.8 71.4 14.6 29.5   .. 31 7 90.0 5.0 32.5 .. .. ..   .. .. .. .. ..     124 0.0 19.9 17.0     –1.0 51.8 38.8 41.7 .. .. 28.4 1.9 5.9     56.1 73 .. 0.8 0.8 2012

30.0 16.0 2.7 490 4.5 36.1 15.4 6.6 48.5 10.0 73.2 9.8 37.1   107 29 7 90.0 5.0 31.5 17.2 .. ..   6.5 14.9 17.5 9.0 3.1     60 0.6 20.2 15.7     .. 43.8 65.0 61.6 .. .. 55.6 –4.8 4.4     53.9 91 52.0 30.7 7.9

796 364 .. 530 5.7 25.6 25.6 14.2 48.8

20.8 33.4 33 8 63.5 3.7 67.8 18.7 0.3

21,616 3.2 22.4 16.0   .. .. 34.8 31.7 .. .. 29.7 9.8   20.7 229 33.1 5.6

155


Netherlands High income Highincome group 2010 2010

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

16.3 16.6 8.6 8.9 4.7 4.5 39,880 49,030 1.2 1.2 2.1 2.0 24.2 23.9 14.3 13.3 73.7 74.1 1.7 1.3 .. 0.8 69.6 78.0 61.1 70.6       Business environment .. 31 Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) 9 8 Time to start a business (days) 7 6 Procedures to start a business (number) 17.0 Firing cost (weeks of wages) 17.0 Resolving insolvency (years) 1.1 1.1 Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) 48.5 40.5 Profit tax (% of commercial profits) .. 20.9 New businesses registered (thousands) 29.1 35.1 New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) 2.6 3.1 Enterprise surveys     .. .. Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) .. .. Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) .. .. Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) .. .. Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) .. .. ISO certification ownership (% of firms)         Private sector investment .. .. Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) 7.4 –2.0 Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) 18.9 18.2 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) .. .. Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)         Finance and banking –0.1 Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) –4.8 Government debt (% of GDP) 51.5 58.2 Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) 176.5 211.9 Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) 112.8 130.5 Bank capital to asset ratio (%) 3.1 4.4 Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) 1.2 2.8 Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) 165.0 199.3 Real interest rate (%) 0.3 0.4 Interest rate spread (percentage points) 0.4 –0.6         Infrastructure .. .. Paved roads (% of total roads) 6,988 6,896 Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) .. .. Power outages in firms a typical month (number) 97.0 115.4 Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) 80.9 90.7 Internet users (per 100 people)

156

2012

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

1,127 551 8.5 38,746 0.6 1.3 23.6 14.8 75.1

27.8 28.0 17 6 38.4 2.1 37.4 13.0 6.8

.. 2.1 17.9 ..   –7.5 58.2 139.2 108.8 6.8 4.1 164.0 ..   81.1 9,064 110.5 73.4


New Caledonia High income Highincome group 2010 2010

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

0.23 0.10 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 96.0 .. ..   .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..   .. .. .. .. ..     .. .. .. ..     .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..     .. .. .. 57.3 31.9 2012

0.25 0.11 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..   .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..   .. .. .. .. ..     .. .. .. ..     .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..     .. .. .. 89.4 34.2

1,127 551 8.5 38,746 0.6 1.3 23.6 14.8 75.1

27.8 28.0 17 6 38.4 2.1 37.4 13.0 6.8

.. 2.1 17.9 ..   –7.5 58.2 139.2 108.8 6.8 4.1 164.0 ..   81.1 9,064 110.5 73.4

157


New Zealand High income Highincome group 2010 2010

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

4.1 4.4 2.2 2.4 3.8 6.5 24,840 28,770 4.1 0.5 5.4 .. 25.1 .. 15.3 .. 69.5 .. 3.2 2.9 1.4 1.4 27.4 28.7 29.6 27.2       Business environment .. 3 Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) 12 1 Time to start a business (days) 2 1 Procedures to start a business (number) .. .. Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) 1.3 1.3 Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) 36.2 34.4 Profit tax (% of commercial profits) .. 29.9 New businesses registered (thousands) 63.3 47.9 New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) 23.5 17.1 Enterprise surveys     .. .. Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) .. .. Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) .. .. Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) .. .. Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) .. .. ISO certification ownership (% of firms)         Private sector investment .. .. Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) 1.4 Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) –0.6 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 24.0 19.3 Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) .. ..         Finance and banking 4.4 .. Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) 44.8 .. Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) 126.5 154.7 Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) 78.0 93.3 Bank capital to asset ratio (%) .. .. Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) .. .. Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) 122.4 149.0 Real interest rate (%) 5.4 4.9 Interest rate spread (percentage points) 1.1 1.7         Infrastructure 64.9 Paved roads (% of total roads) 66.2 Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) 9,674 9,346 Power outages in firms a typical month (number) .. .. Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) 85.4 114.9 Internet users (per 100 people) 62.7 83.0

158

2012

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

1,127 551 8.5 38,746 0.6 1.3 23.6 14.8 75.1

27.8 28.0 17 6 38.4 2.1 37.4 13.0 6.8

.. 2.1 17.9 ..   –7.5 58.2 139.2 108.8 6.8 4.1 164.0 ..   81.1 9,064 110.5 73.4


Nicaragua Latin America & Caribbean

Lower middle income Lower middleincome Country data group 2005 2010 2010

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

5.4 2.1 5.6 890 3.1 19.0 29.8 18.7 51.2 9.6 16.7 29.0 58.6   .. 39 8 22.0 2.2 63.5 .. .. ..   9.3 2.6 13.0 62.7 18.7     449 4.9 28.4 21.5     –1.8 .. 30.4 36.2 7.3 12.6 29.3 2.0 8.1     12.0 414 12.5 20.6 2.6 2012

5.8 2,519 2.4 994 .. .. 1,110 1,623 3.1 6.4 21.4 17.0 29.8 31.3 19.8 16.4 48.8 51.7 5.5 21.4 41.3 27.6 69.6 31.0     118 39 34 8 8 22.0 63.9 2.2 3.3 66.8 40.4 24.5 16.0 .. .. 0.9   20.2 4.2 21.9 24.7 15.5       1,022 301,804 7.8 2.1 27.4 25.7 20.9 17.7       –1.0 –3.6 .. .. 32.9 58.0 39.9 52.1 .. .. .. .. 32.6 40.1 10.1 10.3 8.7       11.6 48.6 460 644 6.8 65.1 71.7 10.0 13.5

159


Niger Sub-Saharan Africa

Low income Lowincome group 2010 2010

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

160

2012

13.0 4.3 .. 260 3.7 39.6 17.1 6.3 43.2 7.8 527.5 15.0 24.2   .. 35 13 35.0 5.0 42.3 .. 0.0 0.0   11.5 17.1 14.6 20.6 4.8     89 1.3 18.5 12.2     –1.9 .. 7.5 7.7 .. .. 6.8 .. ..     20.6 .. 20.7 2.5 0.2

15.5 5.1 .. 370 4.8 .. .. .. .. 0.8 495.3 .. ..   173 17 9 35.0 5.0 43.8 17.3 0.0 0.0   22.9 13.7 9.3 37.1 4.6     359 17.1 .. ..     .. .. 13.4 11.4 .. .. 12.6 .. ..     20.7 .. 20.1 24.5 0.8

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

796 364 .. 530 5.7 25.6 25.6 14.2 48.8

20.8 33.4 33 8 63.5 3.7 67.8 18.7 0.3

21,616 3.2 22.4 16.0   .. .. 34.8 31.7 .. .. 29.7 9.8   20.7 229 33.1 5.6


Nigeria Sub-Saharan Africa

Lower middle income Lower middleincome Country data group 2005 2010 2010

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

139.8 158.4 2,519 43.7 50.3 994 .. .. .. 630 1,230 1,623 6.6 6.7 6.4 32.8 .. 17.0 43.5 .. 31.3 2.8 .. 16.4 23.7 .. 51.7 17.9 13.7 131.3 150.3 46.5 36.8 27.6 31.0 30.4 31.0         .. 133 43 34 34 9 8 8 50.0 50.0 63.9 2.0 2.0 3.3 31.5 32.7 40.4 .. 22.3 16.0 29.0 65.1 0.4 0.8 0.9     6.1 .. 22.9 .. 2.7 .. 7.5 .. 8.5 ..           11,225 15,308 301,804 4.4 3.0 2.1 .. .. 25.7 .. .. 17.7           2.5 –1.7 –3.6 3.6 3.0 .. 17.6 42.6 58.0 13.9 34.0 52.1 12.4 3.2 .. 18.1 17.2 .. 13.2 28.1 40.1 –1.5 5.4 7.4 11.1 8.7           15.0 .. 48.6 128 121 644 26.3 .. 13.3 55.1 71.7 3.5 28.4 13.5

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2012

161


Northern Mariana Islands High income Highincome group 2010 2010

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

162

2012

0.07 .. 8.3 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..   .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..   .. .. .. .. ..     .. .. .. ..     .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..     .. .. .. 29.9 ..

0.06 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..   .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..   .. .. .. .. ..     .. .. .. ..     .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..     .. .. .. .. ..

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

1,127 551 8.5 38,746 0.6 1.3 23.6 14.8 75.1

27.8 28.0 17 6 38.4 2.1 37.4 13.0 6.8

.. 2.1 17.9 ..   –7.5 58.2 139.2 108.8 6.8 4.1 164.0 ..   81.1 9,064 110.5 73.4


Norway High income Highincome group 2010 2010

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

4.6 4.9 2.4 2.6 4.6 3.6 62,490 87,350 2.1 0.7 1.5 1.6 42.6 40.2 9.7 9.2 55.9 58.2 1.5 2.4 6.4 6.0 44.1 41.1 27.8 28.8       Business environment .. 6 Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) 8 7 Time to start a business (days) 5 5 Procedures to start a business (number) 13.0 Firing cost (weeks of wages) 13.0 Resolving insolvency (years) 0.9 0.9 Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) 42.0 41.6 Profit tax (% of commercial profits) .. 24.4 New businesses registered (thousands) 14.0 13.8 New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) 4.7 4.5 Enterprise surveys     .. .. Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) .. .. Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) .. .. Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) .. .. Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) .. .. ISO certification ownership (% of firms)         Private sector investment .. .. Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) 1.8 2.8 Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) 19.2 19.8 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) .. .. Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)         Finance and banking 15.1 11.7 Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) 35.9 35.4 Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) 83.5 .. Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) 51.1 .. Bank capital to asset ratio (%) 7.4 6.4 Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) 0.7 1.5 Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) 80.9 .. Real interest rate (%) –4.5 11.4 Interest rate spread (percentage points) 2.2 2.0         Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) 79.6 80.7 Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) 25,083 23,550 Power outages in firms a typical month (number) .. .. Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) 102.8 115.5 Internet users (per 100 people) 82.0 93.3 The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2012

1,127 551 8.5 38,746 0.6 1.3 23.6 14.8 75.1

27.8 28.0 17 6 38.4 2.1 37.4 13.0 6.8

.. 2.1 17.9 ..   –7.5 58.2 139.2 108.8 6.8 4.1 164.0 ..   81.1 9,064 110.5 73.4

163


Oman High income Highincome group 2010 2010

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

164

2012

2.4 2.8 0.90 1.2 .. .. 11,190 18,260 3.1 7.1 1.9 .. 55.1 .. 8.3 .. 43.0 .. 1.9 3.2 0.4 0.4 58.6 52.6 31.2 41.5       .. 49 35 8 10 5 4.0 4.0 4.0 4.0 19.5 22.0 .. 10.0 1.4 3.2 0.8 1.7     .. .. .. .. 31.0 .. 14.7 .. 10.8 ..         .. .. 5.0 3.2 .. .. .. ..         .. .. .. .. 29.3 40.6 26.8 35.8 14.6 13.5 7.0 3.3 30.8 48.2 –11.1 40.4 3.8 3.5         39.7 46.0 4,449 5,724 .. .. 54.9 165.5 6.7 62.0

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

1,127 551 8.5 38,746 0.6 1.3 23.6 14.8 75.1

27.8 28.0 17 6 38.4 2.1 37.4 13.0 6.8

.. 2.1 17.9 ..   –7.5 58.2 139.2 108.8 6.8 4.1 164.0 ..   81.1 9,064 110.5 73.4


Pakistan South Asia

Lower middle income Lower middleincome Country data group 2005 2010 2010

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

158.6 173.6 2,519 51.5 59.7 994 6.1 5.0 .. 710 1,050 1,623 5.0 4.0 6.4 21.5 21.2 17.0 27.1 25.4 31.3 18.6 16.8 16.4 51.4 53.4 51.7 9.1 13.9 59.5 85.2 15.7 13.6 27.6 19.6 18.8 31.0         .. 105 24 21 34 11 10 8 90.0 90.0 63.9 2.8 2.8 3.3 43.6 35.3 40.4 .. 17.9 16.0 4.2 2.8 0.0 0.0 0.9     1.9 .. 58.8 .. 9.7 .. 106.3 .. 9.6 ..           7,083 14,051 301,804 2.0 1.1 2.1 17.5 13.8 25.7 13.1 10.2 17.7           –3.2 –5.0 –3.6 .. .. .. 39.5 36.6 58.0 37.9 31.0 52.1 7.9 9.8 .. 8.3 14.7 .. 28.6 21.5 40.1 1.9 1.9 6.5 5.9 8.7           65.4 .. 48.6 448 449 644 33.9 .. 8.1 57.1 71.7 6.3 16.8 13.5

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2012

165


Palau East Asia & Pacific

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2010 2010

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

166

2012

0.02 .. 4.2 7,770 0.9 3.5 16.1 0.5 80.4 .. .. 77.2 80.8   .. 24 7 .. 1.0 73.0 .. .. ..   .. .. .. .. ..     .. 0.6 .. ..     .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..     .. .. .. 30.4 27.0

0.02 2,452 .. 1,314 .. 5.8 6,560 5,886 –0.6 6.3 .. 7.4 .. 36.8 .. 21.3 .. 55.8 .. .. 80.8 28.8 100.2 26.9     116 28 38 8 8 .. 41.4 1.0 2.8 73.0 41.9 65.9 17.0 .. .. 2.3   .. .. .. .. ..       .. 259,433 1.4 2.7 .. 27.5 .. 18.5       .. .. .. .. .. 94.3 .. 51.2 .. 10.4 .. 3.7 .. 83.2 .. .. 5.8       .. 57.6 .. 2,714 .. 70.9 84.5 .. 34.1

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Panama Latin America & Caribbean

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2010 2010

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

3.2 1.5 9.8 4,640 4.4 7.0 16.6 7.4 76.5 3.2 1.0 75.5 69.1   .. 18 6 44.0 2.5 49.3 .. 12.6 6.3   10.3 7.7 19.2 10.2 14.7     712 5.9 16.8 14.4     .. .. 87.7 73.8 12.8 1.8 87.1 6.8 6.0     34.1 1,496 4.2 54.0 11.5

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2012

3.5 2,452 1.6 1,314 6.5 5.8 6,970 5,886 7.9 6.3 5.3 7.4 16.8 36.8 6.1 21.3 77.9 55.8 3.5 1.0 65.2 28.8 69.2 26.9     61 8 38 6 8 44.0 41.4 2.5 2.8 45.2 41.9 13.7 17.0 0.5 0.3 2.3   33.3 6.4 1.2 1.8 22.5       2,139 259,433 8.8 2.7 25.6 27.5 21.7 18.5       .. .. .. .. 87.5 94.3 86.2 51.2 12.5 10.4 1.1 3.7 91.5 83.2 4.6 4.7 5.8       42.0 57.6 1,735 2,714 2.7 184.7 84.5 42.7 34.1

167


Papua New Guinea East Asia & Pacific

Lower middle income Lower middleincome Country data group 2005 2010 2010

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

168

2012

6.1 2.7 .. 680 1.6 38.6 41.4 6.5 19.9 1.8 3.1 73.6 64.1   .. 51 6 39.0 3.0 41.7 .. .. ..   .. .. .. .. ..     .. 0.8 18.1 ..     –2.3 69.7 22.2 25.3 .. .. 14.0 –3.8 10.6     .. .. .. 1.2 1.7

6.9 2,519 3.0 994 .. .. 1,300 1,623 6.1 6.4 35.8 17.0 44.8 31.3 5.9 16.4 19.5 51.7 6.0 2.7 55.9 27.6 53.1 31.0     101 51 34 6 8 39.0 63.9 3.0 3.3 42.3 40.4 22.0 16.0 .. .. 0.9   .. .. .. .. ..       150 301,804 0.3 2.1 16.7 25.7 .. 17.7       .. –3.6 .. .. .. 58.0 .. 52.1 .. .. .. .. 31.8 40.1 1.1 9.1 8.7       .. 48.6 .. 644 .. 27.8 71.7 1.3 13.5

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Paraguay Latin America & Caribbean

Lower middle income Lower middleincome Country data group 2005 2010 2010

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

5.9 6.5 2,519 2.7 3.1 994 5.8 5.6 .. 1,220 2,720 1,623 2.6 4.8 6.4 21.1 22.3 17.0 20.7 20.4 31.3 13.9 12.2 16.4 58.2 57.3 51.7 6.8 4.7 6,178.0 4,735.5 51.2 57.1 27.6 55.6 55.0 31.0         Business environment .. 102 Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) 74 35 34 Time to start a business (days) 17 7 8 Procedures to start a business (number) 99.0 Firing cost (weeks of wages) 99.0 63.9 Resolving insolvency (years) 3.9 3.9 3.3 Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) 54.3 35.0 40.4 Profit tax (% of commercial profits) .. 9.6 16.0 New businesses registered (thousands) .. .. New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) .. .. 0.9 Enterprise surveys     7.9 20.7 Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) 24.5 14.6 Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) 8.2 30.1 Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) 27.2 23.2 ISO certification ownership (% of firms) 7.1 15.0           Private sector investment 199 636 301,804 Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) 0.7 1.9 2.1 Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) 19.3 18.2 25.7 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) 15.1 13.2 17.7           Finance and banking 0.7 1.4 –3.6 Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) .. .. .. Government debt (% of GDP) 15.7 35.7 58.0 Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) 19.1 28.4 52.1 Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) 11.0 9.4 .. Bank capital to asset ratio (%) 6.6 1.3 .. Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) 17.6 37.8 40.1 Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) 20.2 18.1 Real interest rate (%) 28.2 24.8 8.7 Interest rate spread (percentage points)           Infrastructure .. .. 48.6 Paved roads (% of total roads) 849 1,056 644 Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) 2.3 3.2 Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) 32.0 91.7 71.7 Internet users (per 100 people) 7.9 19.8 13.5 The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2012

169


Peru Latin America & Caribbean

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2010 2010

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

170

2012

27.6 12.8 11.4 2,680 4.3 7.2 34.3 16.4 58.5 1.6 3.3 25.1 19.2   .. 102 10 52.0 3.1 41.6 .. 29.9 1.7   13.5 1.6 30.9 81.6 14.6     5,415 3.2 18.3 15.5     –0.8 31.2 21.7 23.2 7.7 6.3 19.4 21.9 22.9     13.9 839 0.9 20.3 17.1

29.1 2,452 15.5 1,314 6.3 5.8 4,700 5,886 7.1 6.3 8.3 7.4 34.3 36.8 16.6 21.3 57.5 55.8 1.5 2.8 25.1 28.8 22.2 26.9     41 26 38 5 8 17.0 41.4 3.1 2.8 40.7 41.9 26.6 17.0 51.2 2.7 2.3   14.1 8.4 45.9 33.4 14.2       8,792 259,433 4.7 2.7 24.5 27.5 18.8 18.5       0.3 .. 21.6 .. 26.2 94.3 30.3 51.2 9.5 10.4 2.6 3.7 24.3 83.2 11.3 17.4 5.8       .. 57.6 1,136 2,714 1.7 100.1 84.5 34.3 34.1

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Philippines East Asia & Pacific

Lower middle income Lower middleincome Country data group 2005 2010 2010

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

85.5 34.8 7.7 1,210 4.7 12.7 33.8 24.1 53.5 7.6 55.1 46.1 51.7   .. 47 17 91.0 5.7 49.8 .. 13.5 0.2   6.9 .. 21.8 .. 15.8     8,988 1.8 19.9 17.8     –2.8 73.9 45.4 53.5 12.0 10.0 29.1 4.1 4.6     9.9 582 .. 40.7 5.4

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2012

93.3 2,519 38.7 994 7.4 .. 2,060 1,623 4.7 6.4 12.3 17.0 32.6 31.3 21.4 16.4 55.1 51.7 3.8 45.1 34.8 27.6 36.6 31.0     136 35 34 15 8 91.0 63.9 5.7 3.3 46.5 40.4 21.0 16.0 11.4 0.2 0.9   9.1 21.8 22.0 23.1 15.7       17,614 301,804 0.9 2.1 20.5 25.7 16.8 17.7       –3.5 –3.6 .. .. 46.5 58.0 53.5 52.1 11.7 .. 3.8 .. 29.6 40.1 3.3 4.5 8.7       .. 48.6 593 644 0.9 85.7 71.7 25.0 13.5

171


Poland High income Highincome group 2010 2010

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

172

2012

38.2 38.2 17.4 18.2 17.7 9.6 7,290 12,440 3.2 4.7 4.5 3.5 30.7 31.6 18.5 18.5 64.8 64.8 2.1 2.7 3.2 3.0 37.1 42.3 37.8 43.5       .. 62 31 32 10 6 13.0 13.0 3.0 3.0 43.8 43.6 .. 17.4 13.0 14.4 0.5 0.5     2.9 12.8 30.4 4.8 33.3 40.7 9.4 83.0 19.6 17.3         21,157 13,868 3.4 1.9 18.2 19.9 .. ..         –4.0 –6.1 46.9 48.1 39.1 64.4 37.3 48.5 7.9 9.1 11.0 8.8 28.9 54.8 4.1 .. 4.0 ..         66.5 69.9 3,437 3,591 .. 2.3 76.4 123.0 38.8 62.5

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

1,127 551 8.5 38,746 0.6 1.3 23.6 14.8 75.1

27.8 28.0 17 6 38.4 2.1 37.4 13.0 6.8

.. 2.1 17.9 ..   –7.5 58.2 139.2 108.8 6.8 4.1 164.0 ..   81.1 9,064 110.5 73.4


Portugal High income Highincome group 2010 2010

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

10.5 10.6 5.5 5.6 7.6 10.8 18,060 21,870 0.7 0.3 2.8 2.4 24.9 23.1 15.0 13.5 72.3 74.5 2.3 1.4 .. 0.8 27.7 31.0 37.1 38.2       Business environment .. 30 Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) 54 5 Time to start a business (days) 11 5 Procedures to start a business (number) 95.0 Firing cost (weeks of wages) 97.0 Resolving insolvency (years) 2.0 2.0 Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) 45.2 43.3 Profit tax (% of commercial profits) .. 15.1 New businesses registered (thousands) 25.8 27.8 New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) 3.7 3.9 Enterprise surveys     1.1 .. Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) 52.1 .. Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) 24.4 .. Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) 5.7 .. Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) 12.7 .. ISO certification ownership (% of firms)         Private sector investment .. .. Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) 2.1 0.6 Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) 23.0 19.8 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) .. .. Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)         Finance and banking –5.5 Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) –8.7 Government debt (% of GDP) 70.3 84.0 Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) 144.4 208.3 Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) 90.0 126.6 Bank capital to asset ratio (%) 5.8 6.4 Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) 1.5 3.3 Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) 140.7 191.0 Real interest rate (%) .. .. Interest rate spread (percentage points) .. ..         Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) 86.0 .. Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) 4,663 4,815 Power outages in firms a typical month (number) .. .. Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) 108.5 142.8 Internet users (per 100 people) 35.0 51.3 The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2012

1,127 551 8.5 38,746 0.6 1.3 23.6 14.8 75.1

27.8 28.0 17 6 38.4 2.1 37.4 13.0 6.8

.. 2.1 17.9 ..   –7.5 58.2 139.2 108.8 6.8 4.1 164.0 ..   81.1 9,064 110.5 73.4

173


Puerto Rico High income Highincome group 2010 2010

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

174

2012

3.9 4.0 1.5 1.4 11.3 13.4 14,190 15,500 1.9 –1.9 0.6 0.6 47.9 50.1 43.0 46.4 51.5 49.3 .. .. .. .. 82.8 77.9 101.0 92.3       .. 43 7 6 7 6 .. .. 3.8 3.8 57.6 63.1 .. 28.3 .. .. .. ..     .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..         .. .. .. .. 14.4 9.1 .. ..         .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..         95.0 .. .. .. .. .. 51.0 73.8 22.6 42.7

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

1,127 551 8.5 38,746 0.6 1.3 23.6 14.8 75.1

27.8 28.0 17 6 38.4 2.1 37.4 13.0 6.8

.. 2.1 17.9 ..   –7.5 58.2 139.2 108.8 6.8 4.1 164.0 ..   81.1 9,064 110.5 73.4


Qatar High income Highincome group 2010 2010

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

0.82 1.8 0.52 1.3 1.5 .. .. .. 8.7 20.9 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 8.8 –2.4 3.6 3.6 67.3 46.7 33.0 31.2       .. 36 6 12 6 8 69.0 69.0 2.8 2.8 11.3 11.3 .. 0.0 .. .. .. ..     .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..         .. .. 5.8 8.3 33.1 39.3 .. ..         9.5 15.2 .. .. 44.3 69.8 48.5 55.3 .. .. .. .. 34.9 51.5 –15.5 31.0 3.5 4.4         .. .. 16,294 14,421 .. .. 87.3 132.4 24.7 81.6

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2012

1,127 551 8.5 38,746 0.6 1.3 23.6 14.8 75.1

27.8 28.0 17 6 38.4 2.1 37.4 13.0 6.8

.. 2.1 17.9 ..   –7.5 58.2 139.2 108.8 6.8 4.1 164.0 ..   81.1 9,064 110.5 73.4

175


Romania Europe & Central Asia

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2010 2010

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

176

2012

21.6 21.4 2,452 10.0 10.2 1,314 7.2 7.3 5.8 3,920 7,850 5,886 5.8 2.9 6.3 10.1 7.1 7.4 35.0 26.2 36.8 23.5 21.8 21.3 54.9 66.7 55.8 9.0 6.1 2.9 3.2 32.9 23.5 28.8 43.3 29.8 26.9         .. 72 11 14 38 5 6 8 6.0 8.0 41.4 4.6 3.3 2.8 57.2 44.4 41.9 .. 10.4 17.0 92.3 56.7 5.9 3.7 2.3     1.1 9.2 27.4 12.1 31.4 37.3 23.6 42.0 18.2 26.1           5,264 11,443 259,433 6.6 1.8 2.7 23.0 31.1 27.5 20.6 28.2 18.5           –1.0 –4.6 .. .. .. .. 20.7 51.1 94.3 24.8 33.1 51.2 9.2 8.9 10.4 2.6 11.9 3.7 20.0 46.1 83.2 6.5 10.1 13.2 6.8 5.8           30.2 .. 57.6 2,331 2,267 2,714 .. 3.0 61.7 114.9 84.5 21.6 40.0 34.1

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Russian Federation Europe & Central Asia

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2010 2010

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

143.2 141.8 2,452 73.4 75.5 1,314 7.2 7.5 5.8 4,460 9,900 5,886 6.2 3.1 6.3 5.0 4.0 7.4 38.1 36.7 36.8 18.3 16.4 21.3 57.0 59.3 55.8 12.7 6.9 28.3 30.4 35.2 30.0 28.8 21.5 21.7 26.9         .. 120 31 30 38 10 9 8 17.0 17.0 41.4 2.0 2.0 2.8 60.0 46.9 41.9 .. 8.9 17.0 502.6 261.6 4.9 2.6 2.3     5.2 19.9 59.3 17.4 15.8 30.6 18.2 57.5 11.3 11.7           24,789 69,412 259,433 1.7 2.9 2.7 17.8 21.9 27.5 15.2 19.1 18.5           9.9 –1.9 .. 16.7 9.4 .. 29.3 46.5 94.3 23.7 40.3 51.2 12.8 14.0 10.4 2.6 8.2 3.7 27.5 45.1 83.2 –7.2 –0.5 6.7 4.8 5.8           84.4 .. 57.6 5,785 6,136 2,714 .. 1.5 83.8 167.7 84.5 15.3 43.4 34.1

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2012

177


Rwanda Sub-Saharan Africa

Low income Lowincome group 2010 2010

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

178

2012

9.2 4.5 .. 270 7.3 38.4 14.1 7.0 47.5 9.0 557.8 11.4 25.2   .. 18 9 26.0 3.0 47.1 .. 0.4 0.1   5.9 4.9 15.9 18.2 10.8     74 0.3 15.8 7.0     .. .. 12.6 14.2 9.4 29.0 11.2 6.3 8.1     19.0 .. 13.6 2.4 0.6

10.6 5.2 .. 520 7.4 33.9 14.4 6.4 51.8 2.3 583.1 11.6 29.0   45 3 2 26.0 3.0 31.3 21.2 3.0 0.5   .. .. .. .. ..     414 0.8 21.6 10.5     .. .. .. .. 11.4 10.8 .. 14.3 9.6     .. .. .. 33.4 13.0

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

796 364 .. 530 5.7 25.6 25.6 14.2 48.8

20.8 33.4 33 8 63.5 3.7 67.8 18.7 0.3

21,616 3.2 22.4 16.0   .. .. 34.8 31.7 .. .. 29.7 9.8   20.7 229 33.1 5.6


Samoa East Asia & Pacific

Lower middle income Lower middleincome Country data group 2005 2010 2010

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

0.18 0.07 .. 2,090 4.9 13.2 30.6 15.7 56.2 1.9 2.7 31.9 55.4   .. 35 8 9.0 2.5 20.2 .. .. ..   .. .. .. .. ..     .. –0.7 .. ..     .. .. 34.9 37.6 .. .. 39.1 10.5 7.1     .. .. .. 13.3 3.4

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2012

0.18 2,519 0.07 994 .. .. 2,980 1,623 0.6 6.4 9.8 17.0 28.2 31.3 10.0 16.4 62.0 51.7 0.8 2.5 32.0 27.6 58.8 31.0     60 9 34 4 8 9.0 63.9 2.5 3.3 18.9 40.4 11.9 16.0 .. .. 0.9   13.9 19.6 48.3 9.8 31.4       .. 301,804 0.1 2.1 .. 25.7 .. 17.7       .. –3.6 .. .. .. 58.0 .. 52.1 .. .. .. .. 45.0 40.1 8.2 8.0 8.7       .. 48.6 .. 644 5.4 91.0 71.7 7.0 13.5

179


San Marino High income Highincome group 2010 2010

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

180

2012

0.03 0.03 .. .. 2.8 .. 40,370 50,400 3.2 3.1 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 1.7 2.6 0.8 0.8 .. .. .. ..       .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..     .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..         .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..         5.4 2.4 51.1 58.2 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 5.2 4.5 5.8 4.7         .. .. .. .. .. .. 56.6 76.1 50.3 54.2

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

1,127 551 8.5 38,746 0.6 1.3 23.6 14.8 75.1

27.8 28.0 17 6 38.4 2.1 37.4 13.0 6.8

.. 2.1 17.9 ..   –7.5 58.2 139.2 108.8 6.8 4.1 164.0 ..   81.1 9,064 110.5 73.4


São Tomé and Príncipe Sub-Saharan Africa

Lower middle income Lower middleincome Country data group 2005 2010 2010

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

0.15 0.17 2,519 0.05 0.06 994 16.7 .. .. 770 1,200 1,623 7.0 5.4 6.4 16.8 .. 17.0 20.5 .. 31.3 6.4 .. 16.4 62.7 .. 51.7 17.2 12.9 10,558.0 18,498.6 .. .. 27.6 .. .. 31.0         Business environment .. 163 Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) 144 10 34 Time to start a business (days) 10 4 8 Procedures to start a business (number) 91.0 Firing cost (weeks of wages) 91.0 63.9 Resolving insolvency (years) 6.2 6.2 3.3 Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) 46.9 32.5 40.4 Profit tax (% of commercial profits) .. 22.1 16.0 New businesses registered (thousands) .. .. New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) .. .. 0.9 Enterprise surveys     .. .. Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) .. .. Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) .. .. Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) .. .. Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) .. .. ISO certification ownership (% of firms)           Private sector investment 52 .. 301,804 Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) 13.8 12.5 2.1 Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) .. .. 25.7 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) .. .. 17.7 Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)           Finance and banking .. .. –3.6 Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) .. .. .. Government debt (% of GDP) .. .. 58.0 Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) .. .. 52.1 Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) .. .. .. Bank capital to asset ratio (%) .. .. .. Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) 26.7 39.7 40.1 Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) 22.0 13.9 Real interest rate (%) 19.0 17.8 8.7 Interest rate spread (percentage points)           Infrastructure .. .. 48.6 Paved roads (% of total roads) .. .. 644 Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) .. .. Power outages in firms a typical month (number) 7.8 62.1 71.7 Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) 13.8 18.8 13.5 Internet users (per 100 people) The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2012

181


Saudi Arabia High income Highincome group 2010 2010

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

24.0 27.4 8.1 9.6 6.3 5.4 12,230 16,190 4.0 2.6 3.2 2.6 63.2 62.0 9.4 10.1 33.5 35.5 0.7 5.3 3.7 3.8 60.9 56.8 27.8 35.4       Business environment .. 12 Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) 64 5 Time to start a business (days) 13 3 Procedures to start a business (number) 80.0 Firing cost (weeks of wages) 80.0 Resolving insolvency (years) 2.8 1.5 Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) 14.5 14.5 Profit tax (% of commercial profits) .. 2.1 New businesses registered (thousands) .. .. New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) .. .. Enterprise surveys     .. .. Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) .. .. Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) .. .. Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) .. .. Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) .. .. ISO certification ownership (% of firms)         Private sector investment .. .. Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) 3.8 5.0 Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) 16.5 21.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) .. .. Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)         Finance and banking .. .. Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) .. .. Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) 50.4 58.6 Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) 18.6 31.4 Bank capital to asset ratio (%) 8.8 12.6 Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) 1.9 3.0 Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) 36.9 47.6 Real interest rate (%) .. .. Interest rate spread (percentage points) .. ..         Infrastructure 21.5 .. Paved roads (% of total roads) 6,553 7,427 Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) .. .. Power outages in firms a typical month (number) 58.9 187.9 Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) 12.7 41.0 Internet users (per 100 people)

182

2012

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

1,127 551 8.5 38,746 0.6 1.3 23.6 14.8 75.1

27.8 28.0 17 6 38.4 2.1 37.4 13.0 6.8

.. 2.1 17.9 ..   –7.5 58.2 139.2 108.8 6.8 4.1 164.0 ..   81.1 9,064 110.5 73.4


Senegal Sub-Saharan Africa

Lower middle income Lower middleincome Country data group 2005 2010 2010

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

10.9 4.6 10.0 800 4.6 16.7 23.8 15.2 59.5 1.7 527.5 26.9 42.5   .. 58 10 38.0 3.0 50.7 .. 1.2 0.2   2.9 18.7 19.8 9.4 6.1     742 0.5 29.7 19.7     .. .. 24.7 25.4 7.6 11.9 23.3 .. ..     29.3 163 11.8 15.9 4.8

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2012

12.4 2,519 5.4 994 .. .. 1,080 1,623 3.5 6.4 17.4 17.0 22.4 31.3 13.3 16.4 60.2 51.7 1.3 495.3 24.8 27.6 43.0 31.0     154 5 34 3 8 38.0 63.9 3.0 3.3 46.0 40.4 14.8 16.0 1.6 0.2 0.9   .. .. .. .. ..       1,989 301,804 1.8 2.1 29.0 25.7 18.2 17.7       .. –3.6 .. .. 30.3 58.0 31.0 52.1 10.0 .. 20.2 .. 25.9 40.1 .. .. 8.7       32.0 48.6 196 644 .. 67.1 71.7 16.0 13.5

183


Serbia Europe & Central Asia

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2010 2010

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

184

2012

7.4 4.0 20.8 3,430 5.3 12.1 29.0 17.4 58.9 16.1 66.7 26.2 47.2   .. 23 11 17.0 2.7 35.8 .. 10.2 2.0   6.9 59.6 30.2 17.7 14.1     564 8.1 19.0 16.3     –0.9 .. 31.2 23.6 16.2 22.2 29.0 1.0 13.1     .. 3,922 .. 74.1 27.1

7.3 2,452 3.5 1,314 19.2 5.8 5,630 5,886 2.0 6.3 9.0 7.4 26.6 36.8 15.6 21.3 64.3 55.8 6.1 77.7 34.9 28.8 51.4 26.9     92 13 38 7 8 25.0 41.4 2.7 2.8 34.0 41.9 11.6 17.0 9.7 1.9 2.3   12.2 3.6 42.8 109.5 21.8       3,024 259,433 3.5 2.7 22.8 27.5 19.2 18.5       –3.9 .. 38.7 .. 61.1 94.3 42.0 51.2 19.7 10.4 16.9 3.7 51.5 83.2 7.6 6.0 5.8       63.2 57.6 4,224 2,714 1.1 136.0 84.5 43.1 34.1

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Seychelles Sub-Saharan Africa

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2010 2010

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

0.08 .. 5.5 9,680 –1.2 2.5 21.9 13.1 75.6 0.9 5.5 81.1 102.7   .. 39 10 39.0 .. 48.4 .. .. ..   .. .. .. .. ..     51 9.7 24.7 20.1     2.5 .. 103.1 105.9 6.6 4.4 32.1 –6.6 6.0     96.0 .. .. 70.9 25.6

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2012

0.09 2,452 .. 1,314 .. 5.8 9,710 5,886 4.0 6.3 1.9 7.4 19.1 36.8 11.4 21.3 78.9 55.8 –2.4 12.1 115.7 28.8 123.7 26.9     103 39 38 10 8 39.0 41.4 .. 2.8 32.2 41.9 19.9 17.0 .. .. 2.3   .. .. .. .. ..       .. 259,433 17.9 2.7 23.5 27.5 20.3 18.5       1.5 .. 78.2 .. .. 94.3 .. 51.2 9.2 10.4 5.5 3.7 28.7 83.2 13.6 9.8 5.8       96.5 57.6 .. 2,714 .. 135.2 84.5 40.8 34.1

185


Sierra Leone Sub-Saharan Africa

Low income Lowincome group 2010 2010

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

5.2 5.9 2.0 2.3 3.4 .. 230 340 13.7 5.4 51.6 49.0 23.6 20.7 3.7 .. 24.8 30.4 11.6 16.6 2,889.6 3,978.1 23.6 17.1 36.5 29.5       Business environment .. 141 Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) 26 12 Time to start a business (days) 8 6 Procedures to start a business (number) 189.0 189.0 Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) 2.6 2.6 Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) 272.4 32.1 Profit tax (% of commercial profits) .. 17.6 New businesses registered (thousands) .. .. New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) .. .. Enterprise surveys     .. 7.4 Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) .. Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) 8.6 Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) .. 6.9 Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) .. 14.8 ISO certification ownership (% of firms) .. 13.8         Private sector investment 49 280 Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) 6.7 4.5 Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) 17.0 15.8 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 11.3 8.0 Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)         Finance and banking –1.7 Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) –3.2 Government debt (% of GDP) .. .. Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) 8.5 12.5 Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) 11.0 14.6 Bank capital to asset ratio (%) 10.3 17.5 Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) 26.8 15.6 Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) 4.5 10.4 Real interest rate (%) 10.4 6.0 Interest rate spread (percentage points) 13.5 12.3         Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) 8.0 .. Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) .. .. Power outages in firms a typical month (number) .. 15.9 Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) 14.2 34.1 Internet users (per 100 people) 0.2 0.3

186

2012

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

796 364 .. 530 5.7 25.6 25.6 14.2 48.8

20.8 33.4 33 8 63.5 3.7 67.8 18.7 0.3

21,616 3.2 22.4 16.0   .. .. 34.8 31.7 .. .. 29.7 9.8   20.7 229 33.1 5.6


Singapore High income Highincome group 2010 2010

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

4.3 5.1 2.2 2.8 5.6 5.9 27,180 40,070 5.1 5.4 0.1 0.0 31.6 28.3 26.8 22.2 68.3 71.7 0.4 2.8 1.7 1.4 230.0 211.1 200.6 183.0       .. 1 6 3 6 3 4.0 4.0 0.8 0.8 27.7 27.1 .. 6.5 19.5 26.4 5.8 7.4     .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..         .. .. 12.5 18.5 21.1 25.0 .. ..         6.5 8.0 96.8 109.2 111.9 130.1 101.3 128.3 9.6 9.6 3.8 1.8 90.9 102.1 3.2 5.9 4.9 5.2         100.0 100.0 8,507 7,949 .. .. 102.8 145.5 61.0 71.1

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2012

1,127 551 8.5 38,746 0.6 1.3 23.6 14.8 75.1

27.8 28.0 17 6 38.4 2.1 37.4 13.0 6.8

.. 2.1 17.9 ..   –7.5 58.2 139.2 108.8 6.8 4.1 164.0 ..   81.1 9,064 110.5 73.4

187


Sint Maarten (Dutch part) High income Highincome group 2010 2010

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

188

2012

0.04 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..   .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..   .. .. .. .. ..     .. .. .. ..     .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..     .. .. .. .. ..

0.04 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..   .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..   .. .. .. .. ..     .. .. .. ..     .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..     .. .. .. .. ..

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

1,127 551 8.5 38,746 0.6 1.3 23.6 14.8 75.1

27.8 28.0 17 6 38.4 2.1 37.4 13.0 6.8

.. 2.1 17.9 ..   –7.5 58.2 139.2 108.8 6.8 4.1 164.0 ..   81.1 9,064 110.5 73.4


Slovak Republic High income Highincome group 2010 2010

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

5.4 5.4 2.7 2.7 16.2 14.4 11,040 16,840 4.9 4.4 3.7 3.9 36.5 34.9 24.1 20.7 59.9 61.2 2.7 1.0 31.0 0.8 76.3 81.1 80.9 82.4       .. 48 27 18 9 6 13.0 26.0 4.8 4.0 49.7 48.8 .. 7.2 12.7 15.8 3.3 4.0     2.5 6.7 31.3 3.1 23.8 33.5 7.4 25.0 12.3 28.6         .. .. 3.9 0.6 26.5 22.2 21.6 ..         –2.6 –7.3 37.1 38.2 48.3 53.8 43.4 48.8 7.4 9.7 5.0 5.8 35.1 44.9 4.2 2.8 4.2 2.0         87.0 87.1 4,920 4,925 .. 1.2 84.3 109.1 55.5 79.9

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2012

1,127 551 8.5 38,746 0.6 1.3 23.6 14.8 75.1

27.8 28.0 17 6 38.4 2.1 37.4 13.0 6.8

.. 2.1 17.9 ..   –7.5 58.2 139.2 108.8 6.8 4.1 164.0 ..   81.1 9,064 110.5 73.4

189


Slovenia High income Highincome group 2010 2010

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

190

2012

2.0 2.0 1.0 1.0 6.5 7.2 18,070 23,900 3.6 1.5 2.7 2.5 34.1 31.6 23.9 21.1 63.2 65.9 2.5 1.8 192.7 0.8 62.2 65.4 62.6 64.9       .. 37 60 6 9 2 40.0 37.0 2.0 2.0 40.0 34.7 .. 14.1 3.7 5.8 2.6 4.2     2.4 7.3 14.0 0.0 47.3 52.2 12.7 60.8 30.5 28.0         .. .. 1.5 0.8 25.4 21.6 .. ..         –1.5 –5.5 .. .. 68.1 98.0 53.7 57.9 8.5 8.2 2.5 3.6 56.3 94.4 6.0 2.9 4.6 4.5         100.0 100.0 6,918 6,103 .. 2.7 87.9 103.6 46.8 69.3

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

1,127 551 8.5 38,746 0.6 1.3 23.6 14.8 75.1

27.8 28.0 17 6 38.4 2.1 37.4 13.0 6.8

.. 2.1 17.9 ..   –7.5 58.2 139.2 108.8 6.8 4.1 164.0 ..   81.1 9,064 110.5 73.4


Solomon Islands East Asia & Pacific

Lower middle income Lower middleincome Country data group 2005 2010 2010

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

0.47 0.19 .. 890 1.6 34.5 8.1 5.7 57.4 7.3 7.5 34.1 54.6   .. 57 7 44.0 1.0 26.1 .. .. ..   .. .. .. .. ..     5 4.5 12.5 ..     .. .. 18.5 20.8 .. .. 20.6 8.4 13.4     .. .. .. 1.3 0.8 2012

0.54 2,519 0.22 994 .. .. 1,030 1,623 6.0 6.4 38.9 17.0 6.1 31.3 3.8 16.4 55.0 51.7 1.1 8.1 31.1 27.6 61.5 31.0     74 43 34 7 8 44.0 63.9 1.0 3.3 26.2 40.4 14.6 16.0 .. .. 0.9   .. .. .. .. ..       5 301,804 35.1 2.1 .. 25.7 .. 17.7       .. –3.6 .. .. .. 58.0 .. 52.1 .. .. .. .. 26.9 40.1 8.4 11.1 8.7       .. 48.6 .. 644 .. 5.6 71.7 5.0 13.5

191


Somalia Sub-Saharan Africa

Low income Lowincome group 2010 2010

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

192

2012

8.4 2.6 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..   .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..   .. .. .. .. ..     13 .. .. ..     .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..     .. .. .. 6.0 1.1

9.3 2.9 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..   .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..   .. .. .. .. ..     .. .. .. ..     .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..     .. .. .. 6.9 1.2

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

796 364 .. 530 5.7 25.6 25.6 14.2 48.8

20.8 33.4 33 8 63.5 3.7 67.8 18.7 0.3

21,616 3.2 22.4 16.0   .. .. 34.8 31.7 .. .. 29.7 9.8   20.7 229 33.1 5.6


South Africa Sub-Saharan Africa

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2010 2010

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

47.2 50.0 2,452 17.2 18.2 1,314 26.7 23.8 5.8 4,850 6,090 5,886 3.8 3.0 6.3 2.7 2.5 7.4 31.2 30.8 36.8 18.5 14.6 21.3 66.2 66.7 55.8 3.4 4.3 6.4 7.3 27.4 27.3 28.8 27.9 27.5 26.9         .. 35 35 19 38 9 5 8 24.0 24.0 41.4 2.0 2.0 2.8 38.1 33.1 41.9 .. 24.4 17.0 44.2 24.7 1.5 0.8 2.3     6.0 .. 3.1 .. 34.8 .. 15.8 .. 26.4 ..           12,307 13,314 259,433 2.6 0.3 2.7 16.8 19.6 27.5 12.5 11.9 18.5           –0.2 –4.9 .. .. .. .. 76.4 88.1 94.3 56.7 60.9 51.2 7.9 7.0 10.4 1.5 5.8 3.7 138.7 145.5 83.2 4.9 1.6 4.6 3.4 5.8           .. .. 57.6 4,704 4,532 2,714 2.1 .. 72.0 100.8 84.5 7.6 12.3 34.1

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2012

193


South Sudan Sub-Saharan Africa

Lower middle income Lower middleincome Country data group 2005 2010 2010

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

194

2012

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..   .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..   .. .. .. .. ..     .. .. .. ..     .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..     .. .. .. .. ..

.. 2,519 .. 994 .. .. .. 1,623 .. 6.4 .. 17.0 .. 31.3 .. 16.4 .. 51.7 .. .. 72.1 27.6 40.4 31.0     .. .. 34 .. 8 .. 63.9 .. 3.3 .. 40.4 .. 16.0 .. .. 0.9   .. .. .. .. ..       .. 301,804 .. 2.1 .. 25.7 .. 17.7       .. –3.6 .. .. .. 58.0 .. 52.1 .. .. .. .. .. 40.1 .. .. 8.7       .. 48.6 .. 644 .. .. 71.7 .. 13.5

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Spain High income Highincome group 2010 2010

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

43.4 46.1 21.0 23.2 9.2 20.1 25,450 31,750 3.2 0.7 3.2 2.7 29.7 25.7 15.8 12.7 67.1 71.7 3.4 1.8 .. 0.8 25.7 26.3 31.0 28.4       .. 44 47 28 10 10 56.0 56.0 1.5 1.5 61.8 38.7 .. 1.2 138.3 79.8 5.0 2.9     0.8 .. 14.3 .. 32.6 .. 9.3 .. 21.3 ..         .. .. 2.2 1.8 29.4 22.5 .. ..         1.6 –5.2 38.5 47.8 157.6 231.7 104.8 160.0 6.8 6.2 0.8 4.6 145.7 211.6 0.0 .. 1.8 ..         99.0 .. 6,147 6,006 .. .. 98.4 112.0 47.9 65.8

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2012

1,127 551 8.5 38,746 0.6 1.3 23.6 14.8 75.1

27.8 28.0 17 6 38.4 2.1 37.4 13.0 6.8

.. 2.1 17.9 ..   –7.5 58.2 139.2 108.8 6.8 4.1 164.0 ..   81.1 9,064 110.5 73.4

195


Sri Lanka South Asia

Lower middle income Lower middleincome Country data group 2005 2010 2010

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

196

2012

19.8 8.1 7.7 1,190 4.3 11.8 30.2 19.5 58.0 11.6 100.5 32.3 41.3   .. 50 8 217.0 1.7 56.8 .. 4.8 0.3   3.5 2.7 26.2 83.4 ..     985 1.1 23.4 19.5     –7.0 90.6 40.6 37.0 5.7 15.3 32.9 0.3 5.1     81.0 394 .. 16.9 1.8

20.9 2,519 8.6 994 4.9 .. 2,240 1,623 6.1 6.4 12.8 17.0 29.4 31.3 18.0 16.4 57.8 51.7 5.9 113.1 21.7 27.6 30.8 31.0     89 35 34 4 8 217.0 63.9 1.7 3.3 105.2 40.4 26.7 16.0 4.2 0.3 0.9   .. .. .. .. ..       1,284 301,804 1.0 2.1 25.9 25.7 20.1 17.7       –6.6 –3.6 .. .. 37.0 58.0 33.5 52.1 .. .. .. .. 26.6 40.1 2.7 3.3 8.7       .. 48.6 408 644 .. 83.2 71.7 12.0 13.5

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


St. Kitts and Nevis Latin America & Caribbean

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2010 2010

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

0.05 0.05 2,452 .. .. 1,314 .. .. 5.8 10,130 11,830 5,886 3.2 1.6 6.3 2.3 1.7 7.4 22.0 16.4 36.8 8.0 5.5 21.3 75.8 81.8 55.8 3.4 0.5 2.7 2.7 43.3 27.1 28.8 54.8 44.6 26.9         .. 95 19 19 38 7 7 8 13.0 13.0 41.4 .. .. 2.8 52.6 52.7 41.9 .. 32.7 17.0 .. .. .. .. 2.3     .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..           26 .. 259,433 18.2 18.5 2.7 36.2 31.0 27.5 .. .. 18.5           –3.5 –3.9 .. .. .. .. 114.8 131.5 94.3 111.6 125.0 51.2 .. .. 10.4 .. .. 3.7 58.3 72.0 83.2 7.5 6.5 5.5 4.0 5.8           .. .. 57.6 .. .. 2,714 .. .. 103.7 153.8 84.5 34.0 76.6 34.1

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2012

197


St. Lucia Latin America & Caribbean

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2010 2010

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

198

2012

0.16 0.08 16.6 5,130 2.4 3.8 20.7 5.7 75.5 3.9 2.7 56.8 67.5   .. 20 6 56.0 2.0 35.7 .. .. ..   .. .. .. .. ..     90 8.9 30.6 ..     .. .. 84.3 84.6 .. .. 80.6 8.9 7.8     .. .. .. 64.3 21.7

0.17 2,452 0.09 1,314 .. 5.8 6,560 5,886 2.7 6.3 3.2 7.4 16.6 36.8 3.9 21.3 80.2 55.8 0.6 2.7 47.3 28.8 60.4 26.9     52 15 38 5 8 56.0 41.4 2.0 2.8 34.4 41.9 25.9 17.0 .. .. 2.3   .. .. .. .. ..       50 259,433 9.2 2.7 33.5 27.5 .. 18.5       .. .. .. .. 118.3 94.3 88.2 51.2 .. 10.4 .. 3.7 112.6 83.2 5.2 7.3 5.8       .. 57.6 .. 2,714 .. 114.4 84.5 40.1 34.1

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


St. Martin (French part) High income Highincome group 2010 2010

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

0.03 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..   .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..   .. .. .. .. ..     .. .. .. ..     .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..     .. .. .. .. .. 2012

0.03 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..   .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..   .. .. .. .. ..     .. .. .. ..     .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..     .. .. .. .. ..

1,127 551 8.5 38,746 0.6 1.3 23.6 14.8 75.1

27.8 28.0 17 6 38.4 2.1 37.4 13.0 6.8

.. 2.1 17.9 ..   –7.5 58.2 139.2 108.8 6.8 4.1 164.0 ..   81.1 9,064 110.5 73.4

199


St. Vincent & Grenadines Latin America & Caribbean

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2010 2010

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

200

2012

0.11 0.05 .. 4,980 3.8 6.3 18.8 5.9 74.9 3.7 2.7 35.9 52.7   .. 12 8 54.0 .. 45.0 .. .. ..   .. .. .. .. ..     50 7.3 26.6 ..     –4.1 .. 55.5 64.9 .. .. 45.6 6.1 6.7     70.0 .. .. 64.9 9.2

0.11 2,452 0.05 1,314 .. 5.8 6,320 5,886 2.1 6.3 6.5 7.4 18.2 36.8 4.9 21.3 75.2 55.8 1.5 2.7 25.4 28.8 55.0 26.9     75 10 38 7 8 54.0 41.4 .. 2.8 38.7 41.9 30.2 17.0 .. .. 2.3   .. .. .. .. ..       .. 259,433 14.2 2.7 22.6 27.5 .. 18.5       –0.8 .. .. .. 64.6 94.3 74.3 51.2 .. 10.4 .. 3.7 50.1 83.2 6.9 6.3 5.8       .. 57.6 .. 2,714 .. 120.9 84.5 69.6 34.1

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Sudan Sub-Saharan Africa

Lower middle income Lower middleincome Country data group 2005 2010 2010

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

38.4 11.9 .. 610 5.2 32.0 28.3 6.9 39.7 8.5 2.4 18.2 28.1   .. 39 10 118.0 2.0 49.7 .. .. ..   .. .. .. .. ..     748 8.4 24.0 18.2     .. .. 8.9 10.8 .. .. 10.0 .. ..     .. 79 .. 4.8 1.3

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2012

43.6 2,519 14.0 994 .. .. 1,270 1,623 7.2 6.4 23.6 17.0 33.0 31.3 5.6 16.4 43.3 51.7 13.0 2.3 19.8 27.6 18.9 31.0     135 36 34 10 8 118.0 63.9 2.0 3.3 36.1 40.4 13.8 16.0 .. .. 0.9   .. .. .. .. ..       2,377 301,804 3.3 2.1 20.4 25.7 13.1 17.7       .. –3.6 .. .. 14.2 58.0 13.4 52.1 .. .. .. .. 11.6 40.1 .. .. 8.7       .. 48.6 114 644 .. 40.5 71.7 10.2 13.5

201


Suriname Latin America & Caribbean

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2010 2010

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

202

2012

0.50 0.18 9.5 3,320 5.9 5.4 37.3 18.4 57.3 9.9 2.7 30.4 45.2   .. 694 13 26.0 5.0 27.9 .. 0.2 0.5   .. .. .. .. ..     .. 1.6 24.9 19.6     .. .. 22.5 37.3 .. .. 19.3 1.6 10.1     26.3 .. .. 46.6 6.4

0.53 2,452 0.20 1,314 .. 5.8 5,920 5,886 4.3 6.3 5.1 7.4 38.5 36.8 18.9 21.3 56.4 55.8 6.9 2.7 .. 28.8 .. 26.9     158 694 38 13 8 26.0 41.4 5.0 2.8 27.9 41.9 27.9 17.0 0.1 0.4 2.3   .. .. .. .. ..       60 259,433 –2.9 2.7 .. 27.5 .. 18.5       .. .. .. .. 31.0 94.3 46.9 51.2 .. 10.4 .. 3.7 29.1 83.2 8.5 5.4 5.8       .. 57.6 .. 2,714 .. 169.5 84.5 31.6 34.1

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Swaziland Sub-Saharan Africa

Lower middle income Lower middleincome Country data group 2005 2010 2010

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

1.0 0.36 .. 2,600 2.2 8.8 44.7 38.9 46.5 4.8 6.4 87.1 91.2   .. 60 12 53.0 2.0 36.6 .. .. ..   4.4 3.3 7.7 16.9 22.1     28 –1.8 15.0 7.1     –2.8 .. 23.8 19.6 14.4 7.0 21.1 7.9 6.6     30.0 .. 2.5 19.7 4.0

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2012

1.1 2,519 0.41 994 .. .. 2,930 1,623 2.4 6.4 8.0 17.0 46.5 31.3 41.7 16.4 45.5 51.7 4.5 7.3 54.8 27.6 68.2 31.0     124 56 34 12 8 53.0 63.9 2.0 3.3 36.8 40.4 28.1 16.0 .. .. 0.9   .. .. .. .. ..       63 301,804 3.7 2.1 11.1 25.7 5.3 17.7       .. –3.6 .. .. 23.8 58.0 27.6 52.1 12.2 .. 8.0 .. 23.0 40.1 3.4 5.9 8.7       .. 48.6 .. 644 .. 69.4 71.7 9.0 13.5

203


Sweden High income Highincome group 2010 2010

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

204

2012

9.0 9.4 4.8 5.0 7.7 8.4 42,920 50,100 2.8 0.8 1.2 1.9 28.1 26.6 19.9 16.4 70.6 71.5 0.5 1.2 7.5 7.2 48.4 50.0 40.6 44.0       .. 14 15 15 3 3 26.0 26.0 2.0 2.0 54.9 52.8 .. 15.7 20.6 24.2 3.5 4.1     .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..         .. .. 3.3 1.3 17.9 17.8 .. ..         .. .. 53.1 44.2 117.5 145.0 45.0 59.0 4.8 5.0 0.8 2.0 107.9 140.2 2.4 .. 2.5 ..         31.5 24.4 15,431 14,142 .. .. 100.8 116.1 84.8 90.0

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

1,127 551 8.5 38,746 0.6 1.3 23.6 14.8 75.1

27.8 28.0 17 6 38.4 2.1 37.4 13.0 6.8

.. 2.1 17.9 ..   –7.5 58.2 139.2 108.8 6.8 4.1 164.0 ..   81.1 9,064 110.5 73.4


Switzerland High income Highincome group 2010 2010

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

7.4 7.8 4.2 4.5 4.4 4.2 56,870 71,520 1.2 1.8 1.3 1.1 27.2 27.1 19.3 19.2 71.6 71.8 1.2 0.7 1.2 1.0 49.0 53.6 42.3 42.2       .. 26 18 18 6 6 13.0 13.0 3.0 3.0 29.9 30.1 .. 8.9 8.8 25.3 1.7 4.9     .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..         .. .. –0.1 4.1 21.2 20.9 .. ..         –0.4 1.3 28.1 28.8 176.3 188.6 139.9 150.1 5.1 5.4 0.5 0.4 164.4 174.6 3.0 2.7 2.6 2.7         100.0 100.0 8,306 8,021 .. .. 91.9 121.7 69.9 82.2

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2012

1,127 551 8.5 38,746 0.6 1.3 23.6 14.8 75.1

27.8 28.0 17 6 38.4 2.1 37.4 13.0 6.8

.. 2.1 17.9 ..   –7.5 58.2 139.2 108.8 6.8 4.1 164.0 ..   81.1 9,064 110.5 73.4

205


Syrian Arab Republic Middle East & North Africa

Lower middle income Lower middleincome Country data group 2005 2010 2010

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

206

2012

18.5 5.2 8.2 1,500 4.7 19.5 36.2 8.0 44.3 7.2 11.2 40.4 41.6   .. 43 12 80.0 4.1 43.3 .. .. ..   10.3 68.8 7.6 61.8 7.4     583 1.7 23.0 11.9     .. .. 32.6 46.2 .. .. 14.8 –3.5 –1.0     95.2 1,361 .. 16.0 5.6

20.4 2,519 5.5 994 8.4 .. 2,750 1,623 5.0 6.4 22.9 17.0 30.6 31.3 .. 16.4 46.5 51.7 4.4 11.2 35.3 27.6 35.8 31.0     134 13 34 7 8 80.0 63.9 4.1 3.3 39.7 40.4 20.0 16.0 .. .. 0.9   12.2 61.0 20.7 118.4 ..       455 301,804 2.5 2.1 18.8 25.7 9.7 17.7       .. –3.6 .. .. 47.6 58.0 55.0 52.1 .. .. .. .. 22.5 40.1 3.4 3.7 8.7       90.3 48.6 1,563 644 16.1 57.7 71.7 20.7 13.5

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Tajikistan Europe & Central Asia

Low income Lowincome group 2010 2010

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

6.5 2.5 .. 340 10.1 24.0 31.3 23.7 44.7 7.1 3.1 26.0 52.8   .. 80 14 30.0 1.7 79.9 .. 0.9 0.2   4.2 71.5 1.3 5.3 6.4     25 2.4 13.8 6.0     –6.6 .. 15.9 5.4 .. .. 17.2 16.6 13.5     .. 2,261 .. 4.1 0.3

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2012

6.9 2.8 .. 800 6.9 21.3 22.0 9.5 56.6 6.4 4.4 15.2 61.1   147 24 5 30.0 1.7 84.5 0.0 2.2 0.5   11.7 33.0 21.4 28.3 16.7     196 0.3 18.8 7.0     .. .. 0.8 9.2 .. .. .. 7.6 18.0     .. 1,985 6.3 86.4 11.5

796 364 .. 530 5.7 25.6 25.6 14.2 48.8

20.8 33.4 33 8 63.5 3.7 67.8 18.7 0.3

21,616 3.2 22.4 16.0   .. .. 34.8 31.7 .. .. 29.7 9.8   20.7 229 33.1 5.6

207


Tanzania Sub-Saharan Africa

Low income Lowincome group 2010 2010

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

38.8 44.8 19.3 22.1 4.3 .. 390 540 7.1 6.9 31.8 28.1 22.7 25.5 8.7 9.6 45.5 46.5 5.0 6.2 1,128.9 1,409.3 20.8 26.1 29.7 37.8       Business environment .. 127 Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) 31 29 Time to start a business (days) 13 12 Procedures to start a business (number) 18.0 Firing cost (weeks of wages) 18.0 Resolving insolvency (years) 3.0 3.0 Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) 43.8 45.5 Profit tax (% of commercial profits) .. 20.1 New businesses registered (thousands) .. .. New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) .. .. Enterprise surveys     4.0 .. Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) 14.7 .. Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) 6.8 .. Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) 44.3 .. ISO certification ownership (% of firms) 14.7 ..         Private sector investment 899 2,272 Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) 6.6 1.9 Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) 24.7 28.4 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 18.7 20.1 Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)         Finance and banking .. .. Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) .. .. Government debt (% of GDP) .. .. Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) .. .. Bank capital to asset ratio (%) .. .. Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) .. .. Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) 10.2 16.2 Real interest rate (%) 8.3 7.1 Interest rate spread (percentage points) 10.5 8.0         Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) 8.6 6.7 Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) 70 86 Power outages in firms a typical month (number) 12.0 .. Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) 7.6 46.8 Internet users (per 100 people) 4.3 11.0

208

2012

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

796 364 .. 530 5.7 25.6 25.6 14.2 48.8

20.8 33.4 33 8 63.5 3.7 67.8 18.7 0.3

21,616 3.2 22.4 16.0   .. .. 34.8 31.7 .. .. 29.7 9.8   20.7 229 33.1 5.6


Thailand East Asia & Pacific

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2010 2010

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

66.7 69.1 2,452 37.9 39.4 1,314 1.3 1.2 5.8 2,560 4,150 5,886 5.5 3.0 6.3 10.3 12.4 7.4 44.0 44.7 36.8 34.7 35.6 21.3 45.8 43.0 55.8 4.5 3.3 40.2 31.7 73.6 71.3 28.8 74.7 63.9 26.9         .. 17 33 29 38 8 5 8 54.0 54.0 41.4 2.7 2.7 2.8 37.7 37.5 41.9 .. 28.8 17.0 32.1 27.5 0.7 0.6 2.3     0.4 .. .. .. 74.4 .. 27.9 .. 39.0 ..           11,760 10,186 259,433 4.6 3.0 2.7 28.9 24.7 27.5 21.8 18.8 18.5           2.5 –0.6 .. 27.3 28.8 .. 114.2 110.1 94.3 101.4 97.4 51.2 8.9 11.3 10.4 9.1 3.9 3.7 100.7 116.6 83.2 1.2 2.2 3.9 4.9 5.8           .. .. 57.6 1,878 2,045 2,714 1.3 .. 46.7 103.6 84.5 15.0 21.2 34.1

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2012

209


Timor-Leste East Asia & Pacific

Lower middle income Lower middleincome Country data group 2005 2010 2010

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

210

2012

1.0 0.31 .. 730 0.5 .. .. .. .. 1.1 1.0 .. ..   .. 157 10 17.0 .. 28.3 .. .. ..   .. .. .. .. ..     .. 0.3 .. ..     .. .. .. .. .. .. 31.9 15.5 15.9     .. .. .. 3.3 0.1

1.1 2,519 0.34 994 .. .. 2,220 1,623 6.9 6.4 .. 17.0 .. 31.3 .. 16.4 .. 51.7 6.8 1.0 .. 27.6 .. 31.0     168 103 34 10 8 17.0 63.9 .. 3.3 0.2 40.4 0.0 16.0 .. .. 0.9   3.8 2.6 1.6 9.1 2.2       .. 301,804 39.9 2.1 .. 25.7 .. 17.7       .. –3.6 .. .. .. 58.0 .. 52.1 .. .. .. .. 15.6 40.1 1.7 10.2 8.7       .. 48.6 .. 644 14.1 53.4 71.7 0.2 13.5

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Togo Sub-Saharan Africa

Low income Lowincome group 2010 2010

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

5.4 2.5 .. 340 2.5 43.5 23.9 10.1 32.6 6.8 527.5 40.2 57.0   .. 65 13 36.0 3.0 52.8 .. 0.0 0.0   .. .. .. .. ..     658 3.6 22.2 19.4     –5.7 .. 18.6 21.8 .. .. 17.5 .. ..     21.0 114 .. 8.0 4.0

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2012

6.0 2.9 .. 490 2.9 .. .. .. .. 1.8 495.3 .. ..   162 84 7 36.0 3.0 49.5 9.3 0.1 0.0   2.7 16.4 16.9 53.9 6.6     257 1.3 .. ..     0.6 .. .. .. .. .. 23.0 .. ..     .. 111 11.1 40.7 5.4

796 364 .. 530 5.7 25.6 25.6 14.2 48.8

20.8 33.4 33 8 63.5 3.7 67.8 18.7 0.3

21,616 3.2 22.4 16.0   .. .. 34.8 31.7 .. .. 29.7 9.8   20.7 229 33.1 5.6

211


Tonga East Asia & Pacific

Lower middle income Lower middleincome Country data group 2005 2010 2010

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

212

2012

0.10 0.04 1.1 2,470 2.1 22.0 19.2 9.2 58.8 8.3 1.9 18.0 57.9   .. 32 4 .. 2.7 27.5 .. .. ..   .. .. .. .. ..     32 2.8 21.8 ..     .. .. 51.9 44.7 .. .. 53.3 3.1 5.5     .. .. .. 29.6 4.9

0.10 2,519 0.04 994 .. .. 3,290 1,623 0.4 6.4 20.3 17.0 17.8 31.3 7.5 16.4 61.9 51.7 3.6 1.9 13.4 27.6 60.0 31.0     58 16 34 4 8 .. 63.9 2.7 3.3 25.7 40.4 24.3 16.0 .. .. 0.9   6.6 1.4 33.9 8.3 7.8       .. 301,804 4.7 2.1 24.6 25.7 .. 17.7       .. –3.6 .. .. 46.2 58.0 42.0 52.1 .. .. .. .. 42.0 40.1 7.4 7.5 8.7       .. 48.6 .. 644 2.1 52.2 71.7 12.0 13.5

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Trinidad and Tobago High income Highincome group 2010 2010

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

1.3 1.3 0.67 0.70 8.0 5.3 10,880 15,380 8.7 2.7 0.5 0.6 60.3 52.4 5.5 5.3 39.2 47.0 6.9 10.5 6.3 6.4 65.8 65.3 39.0 37.6       Business environment .. 68 Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) 43 43 Time to start a business (days) 9 9 Procedures to start a business (number) 67.0 Firing cost (weeks of wages) 67.0 Resolving insolvency (years) 4.0 4.0 Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) 37.0 29.1 Profit tax (% of commercial profits) .. 21.6 New businesses registered (thousands) .. .. New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) .. .. Enterprise surveys     .. .. Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) .. .. Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) .. .. Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) .. .. Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) .. .. ISO certification ownership (% of firms)         Private sector investment .. .. Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) 5.9 2.7 Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 25.3 .. Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) 19.4 ..         Finance and banking 5.7 Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) –4.8 Government debt (% of GDP) 16.8 21.4 Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) 34.7 46.4 Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) 40.6 58.5 Bank capital to asset ratio (%) .. .. Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) .. .. Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) 34.6 39.2 Real interest rate (%) –6.9 4.6 Interest rate spread (percentage points) 6.9 7.8         Infrastructure .. .. Paved roads (% of total roads) 5,070 5,662 Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) .. .. Power outages in firms a typical month (number) 70.3 141.3 Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) 29.0 48.5 Internet users (per 100 people) The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2012

1,127 551 8.5 38,746 0.6 1.3 23.6 14.8 75.1

27.8 28.0 17 6 38.4 2.1 37.4 13.0 6.8

.. 2.1 17.9 ..   –7.5 58.2 139.2 108.8 6.8 4.1 164.0 ..   81.1 9,064 110.5 73.4

213


Tunisia Middle East & North Africa

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2010 2010

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

214

2012

10.0 3.4 14.2 3,200 4.4 10.1 29.2 17.3 60.7 2.0 1.3 44.9 45.3   .. 11 10 17.0 1.3 61.0 .. 5.5 0.8   .. .. .. .. ..     781 2.2 21.3 18.3     –2.8 52.4 60.9 45.3 7.7 20.9 58.3 .. ..     65.8 1,205 .. 56.6 9.5

10.5 2,452 3.8 1,314 14.2 5.8 4,160 5,886 4.6 6.3 8.0 7.4 32.3 36.8 18.0 21.3 59.7 55.8 4.4 1.4 48.7 28.8 54.0 26.9     46 11 38 10 8 17.0 41.4 1.3 2.8 62.9 41.9 15.2 17.0 9.1 1.2 2.3   .. .. .. .. ..       4,706 259,433 3.2 2.7 24.3 27.5 20.7 18.5       –1.3 .. 40.5 .. 64.2 94.3 53.3 51.2 .. 10.4 12.1 3.7 68.8 83.2 .. .. 5.8       75.2 57.6 1,311 2,714 .. 105.4 84.5 36.6 34.1

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Turkey Europe & Central Asia

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2010 2010

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

68.1 23.1 10.6 6,480 5.2 10.8 28.5 19.9 60.7 10.1 1.3 21.9 25.4   .. 6 6 95.0 3.3 53.0 .. 47.4 1.0   6.3 8.4 32.6 11.1 26.7     21,847 2.1 21.0 17.7     1.9 51.5 44.9 37.9 13.4 5.0 22.2 .. ..     .. 2,007 .. 64.0 15.5

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2012

72.8 2,452 26.5 1,314 11.9 5.8 9,890 5,886 2.3 6.3 9.6 7.4 26.7 36.8 17.7 21.3 63.8 55.8 8.6 1.5 21.1 28.8 26.6 26.9     71 6 38 6 8 95.0 41.4 3.3 2.8 41.1 41.9 17.9 17.0 44.5 0.9 2.3   27.1 4.0 51.9 7.4 30.0       31,727 259,433 1.2 2.7 18.7 27.5 14.9 18.5       –2.2 .. 50.5 .. 69.8 94.3 51.8 51.2 13.4 10.4 3.8 3.7 44.0 83.2 .. .. 5.8       88.7 57.6 2,298 2,714 4.1 84.9 84.5 39.8 34.1

215


Turkmenistan Europe & Central Asia

Lower middle income Lower middleincome Country data group 2005 2010 2010

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

216

2012

4.7 1.9 .. 1,650 16.7 18.8 37.6 21.7 43.6 .. .. 65.0 47.8   .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..   .. .. .. .. ..     20 5.2 22.9 22.7     .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..     .. 2,058 .. 2.2 1.0

5.0 2,519 2.2 994 .. .. 3,790 1,623 10.8 6.4 12.0 17.0 54.0 31.3 .. 16.4 34.0 51.7 .. .. 51.7 27.6 54.6 31.0     .. .. 34 .. 8 .. 63.9 .. 3.3 .. 40.4 .. 16.0 .. .. 0.9   .. .. .. .. ..       203 301,804 10.4 2.1 58.6 25.7 20.1 17.7       .. –3.6 .. .. .. 58.0 .. 52.1 .. .. .. .. .. 40.1 .. .. 8.7       .. 48.6 2,446 644 .. 63.4 71.7 2.2 13.5

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Turks and Caicos Islands High income Highincome group 2010 2010

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

0.03 .. 8.0 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..   .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..   .. .. .. .. ..     .. .. .. ..     .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..     .. .. .. .. .. 2012

0.04 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..   .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..   .. .. .. .. ..     .. .. .. ..     .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..     .. .. .. .. ..

1,127 551 8.5 38,746 0.6 1.3 23.6 14.8 75.1

27.8 28.0 17 6 38.4 2.1 37.4 13.0 6.8

.. 2.1 17.9 ..   –7.5 58.2 139.2 108.8 6.8 4.1 164.0 ..   81.1 9,064 110.5 73.4

217


Tuvalu East Asia & Pacific

Lower middle income Lower middleincome Country data group 2005 2010 2010

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

218

2012

0.01 .. 6.5 3,780 1.3 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..   .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..   .. .. .. .. ..     .. –0.1 .. ..     .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..     .. .. .. 13.4 10.0

0.01 2,519 .. 994 .. .. 4,760 1,623 1.9 6.4 .. 17.0 .. 31.3 .. 16.4 .. 51.7 .. .. .. 27.6 .. 31.0     .. .. 34 .. 8 .. 63.9 .. 3.3 .. 40.4 .. 16.0 .. .. 0.9   .. .. .. .. ..       .. 301,804 4.8 2.1 .. 25.7 .. 17.7       .. –3.6 .. .. .. 58.0 .. 52.1 .. .. .. .. .. 40.1 .. .. 8.7       .. 48.6 .. 644 .. 25.4 71.7 25.0 13.5

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Uganda Sub-Saharan Africa

Low income Lowincome group 2010 2010

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

28.4 33.4 11.5 13.4 2.0 4.2 300 500 6.9 8.1 26.7 24.2 25.0 25.5 7.5 8.3 48.3 50.3 8.4 4.0 1,780.7 2,177.6 14.2 24.0 24.8 34.3       Business environment .. 123 Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) 34 34 Time to start a business (days) 18 16 Procedures to start a business (number) 13.0 Firing cost (weeks of wages) 13.0 Resolving insolvency (years) 2.2 2.2 Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) 35.8 35.7 Profit tax (% of commercial profits) .. 23.3 New businesses registered (thousands) 8.2 11.2 New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) 0.6 0.7 Enterprise surveys     Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) 5.2 .. Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) 14.5 .. Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) 7.7 .. Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) 33.0 .. ISO certification ownership (% of firms) 15.5 ..     Private sector investment     Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) 502 3,125 Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) 4.1 4.8 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 22.2 23.5 Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) 17.2 17.8     Finance and banking     Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) –0.8 –0.9 Government debt (% of GDP) 64.9 33.1 Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) 12.0 20.1 Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) 13.4 19.7 Bank capital to asset ratio (%) 10.3 13.9 Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) 2.3 2.1 Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) 8.6 15.8 Real interest rate (%) 21.8 10.2 Interest rate spread (percentage points) 10.9 12.5     Infrastructure     Paved roads (% of total roads) 23.0 .. Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) .. .. Power outages in firms a typical month (number) 11.0 .. Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) 4.6 38.4 Internet users (per 100 people) 1.7 12.5 The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2012

796 364 .. 530 5.7 25.6 25.6 14.2 48.8

20.8 33.4 33 8 63.5 3.7 67.8 18.7 0.3

21,616 3.2 22.4 16.0   .. .. 34.8 31.7 .. .. 29.7 9.8   20.7 229 33.1 5.6

219


Ukraine Europe & Central Asia

Lower middle income Lower middleincome Country data group 2005 2010 2010

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

220

2012

47.1 23.2 7.2 1,540 8.0 10.4 32.3 19.6 57.3 13.6 5.1 51.5 50.6   .. 34 15 13.0 2.9 57.3 .. 27.6 0.8   8.0 49.5 25.0 33.5 12.9     3,423 9.1 22.0 20.1     –1.4 .. 35.0 30.1 12.4 19.6 32.2 –6.7 7.6     97.4 3,246 .. 63.7 3.7

45.9 2,519 23.2 994 8.8 .. 3,000 1,623 0.3 6.4 8.2 17.0 30.9 31.3 17.3 16.4 60.9 51.7 9.4 7.9 50.2 27.6 53.0 31.0     152 24 34 9 8 13.0 63.9 2.9 3.3 57.1 40.4 12.2 16.0 19.3 0.6 0.9   11.3 28.3 32.1 47.9 13.0       5,218 301,804 4.7 2.1 19.0 25.7 17.7 17.7       –5.6 –3.6 .. .. 73.9 58.0 37.7 52.1 14.6 .. 15.3 .. 61.7 40.1 0.7 5.3 8.7       97.8 48.6 3,200 644 2.1 117.5 71.7 44.6 13.5

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


United Arab Emirates High income Highincome group 2010 2010

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

4.1 7.5 2.5 4.9 3.1 4.0 42,280 41,930 5.8 2.8 1.4 1.0 56.1 53.9 10.7 10.2 43.3 46.1 .. .. 3.7 3.7 67.6 77.9 52.0 68.8       .. 33 19 13 10 7 84.0 84.0 5.1 5.1 14.4 14.1 .. 0.0 .. .. .. ..     .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..         .. .. 6.0 1.3 18.4 23.8 11.4 15.2         .. .. .. .. 72.1 .. 61.9 .. 11.9 17.7 8.3 5.6 43.8 72.5 .. .. .. ..         .. .. 13,826 11,464 .. .. 111.4 145.4 40.0 78.0

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2012

1,127 551 8.5 38,746 0.6 1.3 23.6 14.8 75.1

27.8 28.0 17 6 38.4 2.1 37.4 13.0 6.8

.. 2.1 17.9 ..   –7.5 58.2 139.2 108.8 6.8 4.1 164.0 ..   81.1 9,064 110.5 73.4

221


United Kingdom High income Highincome group 2010 2010

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

60.2 62.2 30.6 31.8 4.6 7.8 38,850 38,200 2.9 0.1 0.7 0.7 23.5 21.7 13.3 11.4 75.9 77.6 2.0 3.3 0.5 0.6 26.4 30.1 29.8 32.6       Business environment .. 7 Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) 13 13 Time to start a business (days) 6 6 Procedures to start a business (number) 22.0 Firing cost (weeks of wages) 22.0 Resolving insolvency (years) 1.0 1.0 Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) 35.8 37.3 Profit tax (% of commercial profits) .. 23.1 New businesses registered (thousands) 333.7 330.1 New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) 8.3 8.0 Enterprise surveys     .. .. Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) .. .. Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) .. .. Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) .. .. Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) .. .. ISO certification ownership (% of firms)         Private sector investment .. .. Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) 7.8 2.3 Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) 16.7 14.9 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) .. .. Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)         Finance and banking –3.0 –10.9 Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) 47.7 73.3 Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) 159.0 202.6 Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) .. .. Bank capital to asset ratio (%) 6.1 5.4 Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) 1.0 4.0 Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) 159.6 202.9 Real interest rate (%) 2.4 –2.3 Interest rate spread (percentage points) .. ..         Infrastructure 100.0 100.0 Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) 6,289 5,692 Power outages in firms a typical month (number) .. .. Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) 108.7 130.3 Internet users (per 100 people) 70.0 84.7

222

2012

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

1,127 551 8.5 38,746 0.6 1.3 23.6 14.8 75.1

27.8 28.0 17 6 38.4 2.1 37.4 13.0 6.8

.. 2.1 17.9 ..   –7.5 58.2 139.2 108.8 6.8 4.1 164.0 ..   81.1 9,064 110.5 73.4


United States High income Highincome group 2010 2010

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

295.5 309.3 152.9 157.5 5.1 9.6 44,660 47,340 2.5 0.4 1.2 1.0 22.1 20.0 14.2 12.8 76.6 78.9 3.4 1.6 1.0 1.0 10.4 12.6 16.1 16.2       Business environment .. 4 Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) 6 6 Time to start a business (days) 6 6 Procedures to start a business (number) .. .. Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) 1.5 1.5 Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) 46.0 46.7 Profit tax (% of commercial profits) .. 27.6 New businesses registered (thousands) .. .. New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) .. .. Enterprise surveys     .. .. Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) .. .. Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) .. .. Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) .. .. Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) .. .. ISO certification ownership (% of firms)         Private sector investment .. .. Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) 0.9 1.6 Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) 19.5 14.6 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) .. .. Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)         Finance and banking –2.8 –10.0 Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) 47.3 76.1 Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) 88.6 92.2 Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) 68.9 76.9 Bank capital to asset ratio (%) 10.3 11.1 Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) 0.7 4.9 Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) 195.5 200.7 Real interest rate (%) 2.8 2.4 Interest rate spread (percentage points) .. ..         Infrastructure 65.3 Paved roads (% of total roads) 67.4 Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) 13,705 12,914 Power outages in firms a typical month (number) .. .. Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) 68.9 90.2 Internet users (per 100 people) 68.3 74.2 The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2012

1,127 551 8.5 38,746 0.6 1.3 23.6 14.8 75.1

27.8 28.0 17 6 38.4 2.1 37.4 13.0 6.8

.. 2.1 17.9 ..   –7.5 58.2 139.2 108.8 6.8 4.1 164.0 ..   81.1 9,064 110.5 73.4

223


Uruguay Latin America & Caribbean

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2010 2010

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

224

2012

3.3 3.4 2,452 1.6 1.7 1,314 12.2 7.3 5.8 4,740 10,230 5,886 0.0 5.8 6.3 10.4 8.6 7.4 27.1 26.5 36.8 17.1 14.2 21.3 62.5 64.9 55.8 4.7 6.7 24.5 20.1 30.4 26.9 28.8 28.5 26.1 26.9         .. 90 45 7 38 11 5 8 31.0 31.0 41.4 2.1 2.1 2.8 71.4 42.0 41.9 .. 23.6 17.0 7.5 4.7 3.5 2.1 2.3     7.0 11.6 0.6 1.8 6.9 13.7 38.6 15.5 6.8 10.8           1,063 200 259,433 4.9 4.2 2.7 16.5 19.9 27.5 13.2 13.7 18.5           –1.5 –0.9 .. 76.1 45.6 .. 25.7 23.7 94.3 39.6 38.1 51.2 8.6 9.5 10.4 3.6 1.0 3.7 22.5 23.0 83.2 12.8 4.9 10.8 6.2 5.8           10.0 .. 57.6 2,012 2,671 2,714 0.3 0.5 34.9 132.2 84.5 20.2 47.9 34.1

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Uzbekistan Europe & Central Asia

Lower middle income Lower middleincome Country data group 2005 2010 2010

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

26.2 10.5 .. 530 5.3 28.0 23.2 9.1 48.9 .. .. 37.9 28.7   .. 29 8 22.0 4.0 96.7 .. 7.7 0.5   2.5 63.0 8.2 8.3 9.4     286 1.3 22.0 18.7     .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..     .. 1,711 .. 2.8 3.3 2012

28.2 2,519 12.1 994 .. .. 1,280 1,623 8.6 6.4 19.5 17.0 35.4 31.3 9.0 16.4 45.1 51.7 .. .. 31.5 27.6 30.9 31.0     166 14 34 6 8 22.0 63.9 4.0 3.3 97.5 40.4 1.1 16.0 14.4 0.8 0.9   11.1 52.4 8.2 28.0 1.3       2,072 301,804 2.1 2.1 26.5 25.7 22.8 17.7       .. –3.6 .. .. .. 58.0 .. 52.1 .. .. .. .. .. 40.1 .. .. 8.7       .. 48.6 1,636 644 6.1 74.2 71.7 19.4 13.5

225


Vanuatu East Asia & Pacific

Lower middle income Lower middleincome Country data group 2005 2010 2010

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

226

2012

0.21 0.09 .. 1,760 1.1 21.9 7.9 3.9 70.2 1.2 109.2 45.0 52.1   .. 47 8 56.0 2.6 8.4 .. 0.5 4.1   .. .. .. .. ..     6 3.4 19.6 ..     .. .. 52.4 109.9 .. .. 43.8 7.0 5.5     .. .. .. 6.0 5.1

0.24 2,519 0.10 994 4.6 .. 2,640 1,623 5.3 6.4 19.7 17.0 9.9 31.3 3.0 16.4 70.4 51.7 2.8 96.9 47.3 27.6 53.6 31.0     76 35 34 8 8 56.0 63.9 2.6 3.3 8.4 40.4 0.0 16.0 0.3 2.2 0.9   7.5 4.6 41.4 15.3 27.0       35 301,804 5.6 2.1 .. 25.7 .. 17.7       .. –3.6 .. .. .. 58.0 .. 52.1 .. .. .. .. 65.8 40.1 4.1 4.3 8.7       .. 48.6 .. 644 2.3 118.9 71.7 8.0 13.5

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Venezuela, RB Latin America & Caribbean

Upper middle income Upper middleincome Country data group 2005 2010 2010

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

26.6 28.8 2,452 12.1 13.4 1,314 11.4 7.6 5.8 4,950 11,590 5,886 1.5 3.7 6.3 4.0 .. 7.4 57.8 .. 36.8 16.4 .. 21.3 38.2 .. 55.8 16.0 29.1 2.1 2.6 39.7 28.7 28.8 20.5 17.2 26.9         .. 177 141 141 38 16 17 8 a a .. .. 41.4 4.0 4.0 2.8 51.1 63.5 41.9 .. 6.9 17.0 .. .. .. .. 2.3     33.6 27.6 2.6 6.4 35.7 35.3 25.4 14.0 12.5 25.9           3,425 3,043 259,433 1.9 0.3 2.7 20.3 17.5 27.5 11.0 9.6 18.5           2.2 .. .. .. .. .. 16.0 24.1 94.3 19.3 27.6 51.2 11.6 9.9 10.4 1.2 3.4 3.7 13.1 18.9 83.2 –9.9 –19.3 5.2 3.5 5.8           .. .. 57.6 2,875 3,152 2,714 2.4 4.0 47.0 96.7 84.5 12.6 35.9 34.1

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2012

227


Vietnam East Asia & Pacific

Lower middle income Lower middleincome Country data group 2005 2010 2010

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

82.4 86.9 2,519 46.4 51.1 994 2.1 2.4 .. 630 1,160 1,623 7.5 6.9 6.4 21.0 20.6 17.0 41.0 41.1 31.3 20.6 19.7 16.4 38.0 38.3 51.7 8.3 8.9 15,858.9 18,612.9 69.4 77.5 27.6 73.5 87.8 31.0         Business environment .. 98 Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) 50 44 34 Time to start a business (days) 11 9 8 Procedures to start a business (number) 87.0 Firing cost (weeks of wages) 87.0 63.9 Resolving insolvency (years) 5.0 5.0 3.3 Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) 40.0 40.1 40.4 Profit tax (% of commercial profits) .. 17.2 16.0 New businesses registered (thousands) .. .. New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) .. .. 0.9 Enterprise surveys     0.8 4.6 Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) 78.7 Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) 33.7 Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) 29.4 21.5 Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) 12.4 29.6 ISO certification ownership (% of firms) 11.4 16.7           Private sector investment 3,077 3,011 301,804 Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) 3.7 7.5 2.1 Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) 32.9 35.6 25.7 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) .. .. 17.7 Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)           Finance and banking .. .. –3.6 Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) .. .. .. Government debt (% of GDP) 74.3 135.2 58.0 Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) 13.2 14.5 52.1 Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) .. .. .. Bank capital to asset ratio (%) .. .. .. Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) 65.9 125.0 40.1 Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) 2.6 1.1 Real interest rate (%) 3.9 1.9 8.7 Interest rate spread (percentage points)           Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) 47.0 .. 48.6 Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) 578 918 644 Power outages in firms a typical month (number) .. 2.0 Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) 11.6 177.2 71.7 Internet users (per 100 people) 12.9 27.9 13.5

228

2012

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Virgin Islands (U.S.) High income Highincome group 2010 2010

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

0.11 0.05 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 1.0 .. ..   .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..   .. .. .. .. ..     .. .. .. ..     .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..     .. .. .. 73.3 27.3 2012

0.11 0.05 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 1.0 .. ..   .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..   .. .. .. .. ..     .. .. .. ..     .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..     .. .. .. .. 27.2

1,127 551 8.5 38,746 0.6 1.3 23.6 14.8 75.1

27.8 28.0 17 6 38.4 2.1 37.4 13.0 6.8

.. 2.1 17.9 ..   –7.5 58.2 139.2 108.8 6.8 4.1 164.0 ..   81.1 9,064 110.5 73.4

229


West Bank and Gaza Middle East & North Africa

Lower middle income Lower middleincome Country data group 2005 2010 2010

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

230

2012

3.6 0.79 23.6 1,250 –0.9 .. .. .. .. 3.5 .. 14.0 68.2   .. 93 12 91.0 .. 22.8 .. .. ..   5.7 2.7 4.2 37.1 18.2     430 1.2 25.7 ..     .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..     100.0 .. 3.3 15.9 15.9

4.2 2,519 0.97 994 24.5 .. .. 1,623 .. 6.4 .. 17.0 .. 31.3 .. 16.4 .. 51.7 2.8 .. .. 27.6 .. 31.0     131 49 34 11 8 91.0 63.9 .. 3.3 16.8 40.4 16.2 16.0 .. .. 0.9   .. .. .. .. ..       644 301,804 .. 2.1 .. 25.7 .. 17.7       .. –3.6 .. .. .. 58.0 .. 52.1 .. .. .. .. .. 40.1 .. .. 8.7       91.7 48.6 .. 644 .. 44.5 71.7 36.4 13.5

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Yemen, Rep. Middle East & North Africa

Lower middle income Lower middleincome Country data group 2005 2010 2010

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

20.6 5.2 16.1 690 4.1 10.5 49.0 7.1 40.5 11.8 191.5 40.9 35.9   .. 63 12 17.0 3.0 195.3 .. .. ..   .. .. .. .. ..     377 –1.8 18.5 10.6     .. .. 11.1 16.9 .. .. 6.9 –0.4 5.0     8.7 179 .. 11.0 1.0

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2012

24.1 2,519 6.5 994 14.6 .. 1,170 1,623 4.2 6.4 7.6 17.0 29.2 31.3 6.0 16.4 63.1 51.7 11.2 219.6 30.3 27.6 34.3 31.0     99 12 34 6 8 17.0 63.9 3.0 3.3 32.9 40.4 20.0 16.0 .. .. 0.9   11.8 66.7 4.2 68.2 4.4       687 301,804 0.2 2.1 11.6 25.7 7.0 17.7       .. –3.6 .. .. 15.5 58.0 21.1 52.1 .. .. .. .. 6.2 40.1 –0.7 5.2 8.7       .. 48.6 219 644 54.4 46.1 71.7 12.3 13.5

231


Zambia Sub-Saharan Africa

Lower middle income Lower middleincome Country data group 2005 2010 2010

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

11.5 12.9 2,519 5.0 5.5 994 15.9 .. .. 500 1,070 1,623 4.8 6.3 6.4 23.3 9.2 17.0 31.6 37.2 31.3 11.9 9.2 16.4 45.1 53.6 51.7 18.3 8.5 4,463.5 4,797.1 34.6 44.1 27.6 36.7 35.0 31.0         Business environment .. 84 Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) 35 18 34 Time to start a business (days) 6 6 8 Procedures to start a business (number) 178.0 178.0 Firing cost (weeks of wages) 63.9 Resolving insolvency (years) 2.7 2.7 3.3 Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) 16.5 14.5 40.4 Profit tax (% of commercial profits) .. 1.5 16.0 New businesses registered (thousands) 3.4 5.5 New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) 0.6 0.9 0.9 Enterprise surveys     4.6 .. Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) 4.9 .. Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) 10.2 .. Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) 97.0 .. ISO certification ownership (% of firms) 17.2 ..           Private sector investment 227 1,077 301,804 Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) 5.0 6.4 2.1 Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) 22.4 22.4 25.7 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 15.5 18.3 17.7 Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)           Finance and banking –4.7 –1.5 –3.6 Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) .. .. .. Government debt (% of GDP) 12.4 Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) 16.8 58.0 Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) 15.4 19.0 52.1 Bank capital to asset ratio (%) .. .. .. Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) 11.4 .. .. Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) 7.7 11.5 40.1 Real interest rate (%) 9.6 8.2 Interest rate spread (percentage points) 17.0 13.5 8.7           Infrastructure .. .. 48.6 Paved roads (% of total roads) 717 635 644 Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) 3.6 .. Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) 8.3 42.1 71.7 Internet users (per 100 people) 2.9 10.1 13.5

232

2012

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Zimbabwe Sub-Saharan Africa

Low income Lowincome group 2010 2010

Country data 2005 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–10 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Business environment Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1=best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Resolving insolvency (years) Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–10 ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in firms a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

12.6 6.5 4.2 440 –8.5 18.6 28.7 16.4 52.7 302.1 22.4 33.5 42.5   .. 97 9 360.0 3.3 33.4 .. .. ..   .. .. .. .. ..     72 1.8 2.0 0.0     .. .. 28.4 42.1 8.0 7.9 15.8 219.3 144.6     19.0 995 .. 5.1 8.0

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

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12.6 6.6 .. 460 –3.7 16.0 26.8 13.7 57.2 .. .. 48.3 78.0   171 90 9 446.0 3.3 35.6 20.3 .. ..   .. .. .. .. ..     644 1.4 5.6 0.1     .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..     .. 1,026 .. 61.3 11.5

796 364 .. 530 5.7 25.6 25.6 14.2 48.8

20.8 33.4 33 8 63.5 3.7 67.8 18.7 0.3

21,616 3.2 22.4 16.0   .. .. 34.8 31.7 .. .. 29.7 9.8   20.7 229 33.1 5.6

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Note a. Laws ban dismissing workers on economic grounds.

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Glossary Agriculture value added is the net output of agriculture (International Standard Industrial Classification divisions 1–5, including forestry and fishing) after totaling outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. (World Bank and Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development) Bank capital to asset ratio is the ratio of bank capital and reserves to total assets. Capital and reserves include funds contributed by owners, retained earnings, general and special reserves, provisions, and valuation adjustments. Capital includes tier 1 capital (paid-up shares and common stock), which is a common feature in all countries’ banking systems, and total regulatory capital, which includes several specified types of subordinated debt instruments that need not be repaid if the funds are required to maintain minimum capital levels (these comprise tier 2 and tier 3 capital). Total assets include all nonfinancial and financial assets. (International Monetary Fund) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio is the value of nonperforming loans divided by the total value of the loan portfolio (including nonperforming loans before the deduction of specific loan loss provisions). The loan amount recorded as nonperforming should be the gross value of the loan as recorded on the balance sheet, not just the amount that is overdue. (International Monetary Fund) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection is the average wait, in days, to obtain an electrical connection from the day an establishment applies for it to the day it receives the service. (World Bank) Deposit money banks’ assets are claims on the domestic real nonfinancial sector by deposit money banks. (International Monetary Fund) Domestic credit to the private sector is financial resources provided to the private sector—such as through loans, purchases of nonequity securities, and trade credits and other accounts receivable—that establish a claim for repayment. For some countries these claims include credit to public enterprises. (International Monetary Fund, World Bank, and Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development) Ease of doing business index ranks economies from 1 to 183, with 1 being the best. A high ranking means that a country’s regulatory environment is conducive to business operation. The index ranks the simple average of a country’s percentile rankings on 10 topics covered in Doing Business 2012. The ranking on each topic is the simple average of the percentile rankings on its component indicators. Data listed for 2010 are for June 2011. (World Bank) Electric power consumption is the production of power plants and combined heat and power plants minus transmission, distribution, and transformation losses and own use by heat and power plants. (International Energy Agency)

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Glossary Exchange rate is the exchange rate determined by national authorities or the rate determined in the legally sanctioned exchange market. It is calculated in local currency units relative to the U.S. dollar as an annual average based on monthly averages. (International Monetary Fund) Exports of goods and services are the value of all goods and other market services provided to the rest of the world. They include the value of merchandise, freight, insurance, transport, travel, royalties, license fees, and other services, such as communication, construction, financial, information, business, personal, and government services. They exclude compensation of employees and investment income (formerly called factor services) as well as transfer payments. (World Bank and Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development) Firing cost is the cost of advance notice requirements, severance payments, and penalties due when terminating a redundant worker, expressed in weekly wages. One month is recorded as 4 1/3 weeks. Data listed for 2010 are for June 2011. (World Bank) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials are the percentage of firms that report that a gift or informal payment is expected or requested during a meeting with tax officials. (World Bank) Firms using banks to finance investments are the percentage of firms using banks to finance purchases of fixed assets. (World Bank) GDP growth is the annual percentage growth rate of gross domestic product (GDP) at market prices based on constant local currency. Aggregates are based on constant 2000 U.S. dollars. GDP is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without deducting for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources. (World Bank and Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method, is gross national income (GNI) converted to U.S. dollars using the World Bank Atlas method, divided by the midyear population. GNI is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes minus any subsidies not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. GNI, calculated in national currency, is usually converted to U.S. dollars at official exchange rates for comparisons across economies. To smooth fluctuations in prices and exchange rates, the World Bank Atlas method is used; it averages the exchange rate for a given year and the two preceding years, adjusted for differences in rates of inflation between the country and the Euro area, Japan, the United Kingdom, and the United States. (World Bank)

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Glossary Government cash surplus or deficit is revenue (including grants) minus expense and net acquisition of nonfinancial assets. (International Monetary Fund, World Bank, and Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development) Government debt is the entire stock of direct government fixed-term contractual obligations to others outstanding on a particular date. It includes domestic and foreign liabilities such as loans, currency and money deposits, and securities other than shares. It is the gross amount of government liabilities reduced by the amount of equity and financial derivatives held by the government. Because debt is a stock rather than a flow, it is measured as of a given date, usually the last day of the fiscal year. (International Monetary Fund, World Bank, and Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development) Gross fixed capital formation includes land improvements (fences, ditches, drains, and so on); plant, machinery, and equipment purchases; and the construction of roads, railways, and the like, including schools, offices, hospitals, private residential dwellings, and commercial and industrial buildings. According to the 1993 System of National Accounts, net acquisition of valuables is also considered capital formation. (World Bank and Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development) Gross fixed private capital formation is gross outlays by the private sector (including private nonprofit organizations) on additions to its fixed domestic assets. (World Bank and Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development) Imports of goods and services are the value of all goods and other market services received from the rest of the world. They include the value of merchandise, freight, insurance, transport, travel, royalties, license fees, and other services, such as communication, construction, financial, information, business, personal, and government services. They exclude compensation of employees and investment income (formerly called factor services) as well as transfer payments. (World Bank and Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development) Industry value added is the net output of industry (International Standard Industrial Classification divisions 10–45, including mining, manufacturing, construction, electricity, water, and gas) after totaling outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. (World Bank and Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development) Inflation is the annual percentage change in the cost to the average consumer of acquiring a basket of goods and services that may be fixed or changed at specified intervals, such as yearly. The Laspeyres formula is generally used. (International Monetary Fund)

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Glossary Interest rate spread is the interest rate charged by banks on loans to prime customers minus the interest rate paid by commercial or similar banks for demand, time, or savings deposits. (International Monetary Fund) Internet users are individuals who have used the Internet (in any location) with a device such as a computer, smartphone, or digital television in the last 12 months via a fixed or mobile network. The Internet provides access to the worldwide network. (International Telecommunication Union) Investment in infrastructure with private participation is the value of infrastructure projects in telecommunications, energy (electricity and natural gas transmission and distribution), transport, and water and sanitation that have reached financial closure and directly or indirectly serve the public, including operation and management contracts with major capital expenditure, greenfield projects (in which a private entity or public-private joint venture builds and operates a new facility), and divestitures. Incinerators, movable assets, standalone solid waste projects, and small projects such as windmills are excluded. Data listed for 2005 and 2010 refer to total for the period 2000–05 and 2006–10. (World Bank) ISO certification ownership is the percentage of firms that have earned a quality certification recognized by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO). (World Bank) Labor force is all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period, according to the International Labour Organization definition of the economically active population. It includes both the employed and the unemployed. While national practices vary in the treatment of such groups as the armed forces and seasonal or parttime workers, in general the labor force includes the armed forces, the unemployed, and first-time job-seekers and excludes homemakers and other unpaid caregivers and workers in the informal sector. (International Labour Organization and World Bank) Manufacturing value added is the net output of industries belonging to International Standard Industrial Classification divisions 15–37 after totaling outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. (World Bank and Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development) Mobile cellular subscriptions are the number of subscriptions—including postpaid and prepaid subscriptions—to a public mobile telephone service using cellular technology that provides access to the public switched telephone network. It is calculated per 100 people. (International Telecommunication Union) New business density is the number of newly registered limited liability corporations per 1,000 people ages 15–64. (World Bank)

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Glossary Paved roads are roads surfaced with concrete, cobblestones, or crushed stone (macadam) and hydrocarbon binder or bituminized agents. (International Road Federation) Population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship—except for refugees not permanently settled in the country of asylum, who are generally considered part of the population of their country of origin. Data are midyear estimates. (World Bank) Power outages in a typical month are the average number of power outages that establishments experience in a typical month. (World Bank) Private foreign direct investment, net, is net inflows of private investment to acquire a lasting management interest (10 percent or more of voting stock) in an enterprise operating in an economy other than that of the investor. It is the sum of equity capital, reinvestment of earnings, other long-term capital, and short-term capital, as shown in the balance of payments. (International Monetary Fund, World Bank, and Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development) Procedures to start a business are the number of procedures required to start a business, including interactions to obtain necessary permits and licenses and to complete all inscriptions, verifications, and notifications to start operations. Data are for businesses with specific characteristics of ownership, size, and type of production. Data listed for 2010 are for June 2011. (World Bank) Profit tax is the amount of taxes on profits paid by the business. For further details on the method, see the World Bank’s Doing Business 2012. Data listed for 2010 are for June 2011. (World Bank) Real interest rate is the lending interest rate adjusted for inflation as measured by the GDP deflator. (International Monetary Fund and World Bank) Services value added is the net output of services (International Standard Industrial Classification divisions 50–99) after totaling outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. (World Bank and Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development) Time dealing with government officials is the percentage of management time in a given week spent on requirements imposed by government regulations (taxes, customs, labor regulations, licensing, and registration). (World Bank) Time to resolve insolvency is the number of years from time of filing for insolvency in court until resolution of distressed assets and payment of creditors. Data listed for 2010 are for June 2011. (World Bank)

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Glossary Time to start a business is the number of calendar days needed to complete the required procedures for legally operating a business. If a procedure can be expedited at additional cost, the fastest procedure, independent of cost, is chosen. Data listed for 2010 are for June 2011. (World Bank) Total financial system deposits are the demand, time, and saving deposits in deposit money banks and other financial institutions. (International Monetary Fund) Total tax rate is the total amount of taxes payable by a business (except for labor taxes) after accounting for deductions and exemptions as a percentage of profit. For further details on the method used for assessing the total tax payable, see the World Bank’s Doing Business 2012. Data listed for 2010 are for June 2011. (World Bank) Unemployment rate is the share of the labor force without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country. (International Labour Organization)

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The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development 2012  

One of a series of pocket-sized books that provide a quick reference to development data on different topics, 'The Little Data Book on Priva...