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From World Development Indicators

The Little Green Data Book

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Agriculture Forests and biodiversity Oceans

Energy and emissions Water and sanitation Environment and health National accounting aggregates


2012

THE LITTLE GREEN DATA BOOK


Copyright Š2012 by the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development/THE WORLD BANK 1818 H Street, N.W. Washington, D.C. 20433 U.S.A. All rights reserved Manufactured in the United States of America First printing June 2012 ISBN: 978-0-8213-8993-5 eISBN: 978-0-8213-9517-2 DOI: 10.1596/978-0-8213-8993-5 SKU: 18993 The Little Green Data Book 2012 is a product of the Development Data Group of the Development Economics Vice Presidency and the Environment Department of the World Bank. Design by Communications Development Incorporated, Washington, D.C. Cover design by Peter Grundy Art & Design, London, U.K.


Contents Acknowledgments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . iv Foreword. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .v Focus: Oceans . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . vi Data notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . viii

Regional tables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 World . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 East Asia and Pacific . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Europe and Central Asia. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Latin America and the Caribbean . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Middle East and North Africa . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 South Asia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Sub-Saharan Africa . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8

Income group tables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Low income. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Middle income. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 Lower middle income . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Upper middle income . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Low and middle income . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 High income . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Euro area . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16

Country tables (in alphabetical order) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17

Glossary. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 235

References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 241

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Acknowledgments The Little Green Data Book 2012 is based on World Development Indicators 2012 and its accompanying CD-ROM. Defining, gathering, and disseminating international statistics is a collective effort of many people and organizations. The indicators presented in World Development Indicators are the fruit of decades of work at many levels, from the field workers who administer censuses and household surveys to the committees and working parties of the national and international statistical agencies that develop the nomenclature, classifications, and standards fundamental to the international statistical system. Nongovernmental organizations have also made important contributions. We are indebted to the World Development Indicators partners, as detailed in World Development Indicators 2012. The Little Green Data Book 2012 is the result of close collaboration between the staff of the Development Data Group of the Development Economics Vice Presidency and the Environment Department of the Sustainable Development Vice Presidency. Liu Cui, Mahyar Eshragh-Tabary, Peter Kristensen, GlennMarie Lange, Elisabeth Mealey, Esther Naikal, Urvashi Narain, William Prince, Jomo Tariku, and John Virdin contributed to its preparation. Azita Amjadi and Alison Kwong coordinated the production of the book. Staff from External Affairs oversaw publication and distribution of the book.

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Foreword Welcome to The Little Green Data Book 2012, which comes to you in the year of the Rio+20 Conference, marking the 20th anniversary of the 1992 United Nations Conference on Environment and Development in Rio de Janeiro. World leaders and thousands of other participants from governments, the private sector, civil society organizations, and other stakeholders, will come together in June in Rio de Janeiro to discuss progress and challenges in balancing the social, economic, and environmental pillars of sustainable development. While substantial progress has been made on the economic and social pillars, environmental goals are far from being met, partly due to the lack of measurement of natural capital and the goods and services it provides. Recognizing this need, for nearly 15 years the World Bank has constructed global comprehensive wealth accounts, including natural capital accounts for agricultural land, forests, protected areas, and subsoil assets. Measures of natural resource depletion have been included in The Little Green Data Book through the Adjusted Net Savings indicators, and last year’s edition introduced a new indicator, adjusted Net National Income, which provides a broader measure of national income that accounts for the depletion of energy, mineral and forest resources. These measures, along with efforts of the World Bank–facilitated partnership—Wealth Accounting and Valuation of Ecosystem Services (WAVES)—aim to help countries incorporate their natural resources into their national accounts to make better economic decisions. This year’s edition of The Little Green Data Book includes a focus story on oceans and its ecosystem services, as well as estimates of global marine fisheries wealth accounts—a first step in capturing the value of this important resource stock. A new set of ocean-related indicators are also introduced, highlighting the role of oceans in economic development and providing policy makers the information to make better decisions for the sustainable management of oceans. These and other related data are freely available online at data.worldbank.org as part of the World Bank’s Open Data Initiative. For more than a decade, The Little Green Data Book has served as a knowledge resource that aids policy makers in using environmental data more effectively to support priority-setting and improve development outcomes. It is the result of close collaboration between the Development Data Group of the Development Economics Vice Presidency and the Environment Department of the Sustainable Development Vice Presidency of the World Bank. We welcome your suggestions on how to improve future editions and make them even more useful. Shaida Badiee Director Development Data Group

Mary Barton-Dock Director Environment

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Focus: Oceans The oceans cover some 71 percent of the Earth’s surface, and are both an engine for global economic growth and a key source of our food security. An estimated 61 percent of the world’s total Gross National Income (GNI) comes from the areas within 100 kilometers of the coastline, and the oceans as a whole provide 16 percent of animal protein for the entire population (UNEP, 2006; FAO, 2010). The economy supported by the oceans is broad, and includes transport and shipping, oil, gas and minerals extraction, tourism and fisheries, among others. Ocean fisheries and aquaculture alone support some 250 million livelihoods around the world and produce seafood with a first sale value of more than US$190 billion. Data on current fisheries production and on growth in capture fisheries and aquaculture production have been included this year in the country tables. Within this ocean economy, many of the goods and services depend specifically on a healthy ‘living ocean’, i.e., healthy ocean ecosystems. The wealth of seafood, nature-based tourism, coastal protection, carbon storage and a vast array of other goods and services (‘ecosystem services’) can only be provided by a healthy living ocean. However, ocean ecosystem services are currently contributing far less to global economic growth than they could be, largely as a result of human actions changing the underlying natural systems. With the exponential increases in population growth and economic activity that occurred over the last half century, the environmental status of the living ocean is changing at a rate and scale not seen since the rise of modern civilization. • Overfishing: 85 percent of the world’s ocean fisheries are fully exploited, over-exploited or depleted, causing annual global efficiency losses of $50 billion. With better management, global fisheries can be a substantial source of economic return and wealth for countries, particularly Small Island Developing States (see Box 1); • Pollution: excess nitrogen runoff from fertilizers has resulted in large ‘dead zones’ in the ocean, covering some 250,000 km2—an area the size of Great Britain; • Habitat loss or conversion: an estimated 35 percent of global mangrove area has been lost or converted, approximately 20 percent of the planet’s coral reefs have been destroyed in the last few decades, with more than a further 20 percent being degraded, and 30 percent of sea grass beds have been destroyed. Data on marine protected areas and area under mangroves and coral reefs have been included in the country tables this year, identifying the countries where these coastal habitats are still a prominent source of ecosystem services. Climate change is also affecting the ocean in ways that we are only beginning to understand. Addressing the key drivers of the declining health of oceans— overfishing, pollution and habitat loss—is therefore all the more important to give the oceans the best chance to adapt to the changes caused by a warming climate.

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Focus: Oceans Box 1. Fisheries Wealth The World Bank’s global comprehensive wealth accounts have included natural capital accounts for agricultural land, forests, protected areas, and subsoil assets. Wealth accounts for global marine fisheries—what they are now and what they could be under better management—have been estimated for the first time this year. Results reveal the critical condition of today’s marine fisheries, where global marine fisheries as a whole are not providing positive economic returns. Rebuilding fisheries by defining clear access rights, removing harmful subsidies, and cooperatively managing shared fish stocks can result in potentially enormous economic gains: global fisheries wealth is estimated to increase from $120 billion to $900 billion, with the potential for the greatest gains in Asia (graph below). In addition, marine fisheries are particularly important for Small Island Developing States (SIDS) and many coastal communities both in the developing and developed worlds, where SIDS across all regions benefit with substantially higher levels of fisheries wealth when fisheries are rebuilt and sustainably managed.

Rebuilding the World’s Fisheries Fisheries Wealth (US$ Billion)

1,000 900 800

Current Fisheries Wealth Potential Fisheries Wealth

700 600 500 400 300 200 100 0

Africa

Asia

Europe

North America

Oceania

South, Central America and Caribbean

World

Sumaila, et al., Marine Fisheries as a Source of Sustainable Wealth of Nations. Working paper presented at 2012 AAAS Annual Meeting, February 2012.

Enhancing the health of the oceans represents a significant opportunity— to create a portfolio of sustainable ecosystem services that contribute to economic growth. Countries around the world have started to recognize the opportunity of sustainable socio-economic returns from the oceans, but actions have not yet been implemented at a scale sufficient to truly impact the provision of ocean ecosystem services to the global economy. Public and private finance together with a coordinated global effort is needed for the oceans. The World Bank has initiated the Global Partnership for Oceans <www.globalpartnershipforoceans.org> whose aim is to sustainably enhance the economic, social, and ecological performance of the ocean’s ecosystems and living resources. One of the many efforts under this partnership will be to further improve access to data on ocean resources to support policy making for sustainable management of oceans.

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Data notes The data in this book are for the most recent year available as noted in the Glossary. • Growth rates are calculated as annual averages and represented as percentages. • Regional aggregates include data for low- and middle-income economies only. • Figures in italics indicate data for years or periods other than those specified in the Glossary. Symbols used: ..

indicates that data are not available or that aggregates cannot be calculated because of missing data.

0 or 0.0

indicates zero or small enough that the number would round to zero at the displayed number of decimal places.

$

indicates current U.S. dollars.

Data are shown for economies with populations greater than 30,000 or for smaller economies if they are members of the World Bank. The term country (used interchangeably with economy) does not imply political independence or official recognition by the World Bank but refers to any economy for which the authorities report separate social or economic statistics. The selection of indicators in these pages includes some of those being used to monitor progress toward the Millennium Development Goals. For more information about the eight goals—halving poverty and increasing well-being by 2015—please see the other books in the World Development Indicators 2012 family of products.

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Regional tables The country composition of regions is based on the World Bank’s analytical regions and may differ from common geographic usage. East Asia and Pacific American Samoa, Cambodia, China, Fiji, Indonesia, Kiribati, Democratic Republic of Korea, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Malaysia, Marshall Islands, Federated States of Micronesia, Mongolia, Myanmar, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Thailand, Timor-Leste, Tonga, Tuvalu, Vanuatu, Vietnam. Europe and Central Asia Albania, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kosovo, Kyrgyz Republic, Latvia, Lithuania, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Moldova, Montenegro, Romania, Russian Federation, Serbia, Tajikistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan. Latin America and the Caribbean Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Grenada, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and the Grenadines, Suriname, Uruguay, República Bolivariana de Venezuela. Middle East and North Africa Algeria, Djibouti, Arab Republic of Egypt, Islamic Republic of Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, Syrian Arab Republic, Tunisia, West Bank and Gaza, Republic of Yemen. South Asia Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka. Sub-Saharan Africa Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros, Democratic Republic of Congo, Republic of Congo, Côte d’Ivoire, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, The Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mayotte, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, São Tomé and Príncipe, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Africa, South Sudan, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

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World Population (millions) 6,894.6 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 129,711 GDP ($ billions) 63,243.8

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5) Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

9,069 7,689 50.7 2.2 38 992 123 31.1 0.2 12.3 3,105 3,401 6,213 10,987

167,483 0.2 8.0 10.0 284,300 150,405

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

1,788 10.0 2,803 66.6 16.1 4.8

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

6,258 7.3 70 88 81 96 62 47 79

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

43 .. .. 58

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 22.5 Gross savings (% of GNI) 13.0 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 4.2 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 2.1 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.5 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.4 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.3 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 10.4 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)

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East Asia & Pacific Population (millions) 1,961.6 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 15,854 GDP ($ billions) 7,630.5

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

3,696 3,264 45.9 3.3

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

49 585 135

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

29.6 -0.1 15.0

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

96,136 3.5 9.3 1.4 137,690 56,537

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

1,436 11.8 2,095 80.3 16.2 4.3

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

4,506 9.9 73 90 84 97 66 57 76

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

56 .. .. 24

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 48.4 Gross savings (% of GNI) 10.7 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 2.2 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 3.8 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 1.3 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 1.0 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 1.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 32.6 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book

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Europe & Central Asia Population (millions) 405.2 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 22,748 GDP ($ billions) 3,059.0

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

7,272 5,727 64.1 0.3

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

28 3,204 126

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

38.6 0.0 7.5

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

5,573 –3.1 –0.9 10.4 .. ..

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

2,831 1.9 3,859 65.4 18.0 7.8

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

12,885 5.0 63 96 91 99 84 80 87 23 .. .. 23

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 23.9 Gross savings (% of GNI) 12.2 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 3.6 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 8.6 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.8 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.8 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.4 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 4.8 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)

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Latin America & Caribbean Population (millions) 582.6 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 20,116 GDP ($ billions) 4,980.8

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

7,733 6,894 79.3 2.0

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

36 3,663 131

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

47.0 0.5 20.2

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

13,464 –1.6 11.2 13.1 15,280 39,997

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

1,245 17.0 1,892 37.8 55.5 2.8

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

23,323 1.6 68 94 81 98 79 59 84

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

30 .. .. 23

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 20.9 Gross savings (% of GNI) 12.1 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 4.7 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 3.8 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 1.6 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.3 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.4 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 7.4 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book

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Middle East & North Africa Population (millions) 331.3 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

8,641 GDP ($ billions) 1,207.0

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

3,874 3,091 58.0 2.5

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

23 2,627 132

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

2.4 –0.1 3.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

3,614 2.9 13.4 2.0 5,700 217

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

1,399 0.9 1,497 93.4 4.9 3.8

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

695 70.0 86 89 81 94 88 80 94 66 .. .. 34

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 19.2 Gross savings (% of GNI) 10.7 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 4.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 12.4 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.4 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.1 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.9 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) –1.6 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)

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South Asia Population (millions) 1,633.1 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

4,771 GDP ($ billions) 2,090.3

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

1,176 1,111 30.1 2.7

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

55 521 123

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

17.1 –0.1 5.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

13,567 2.9 8.4 1.7 15,440 10,343

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

514 26.8 517 81.6 13.6 1.2

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

1,236 33.4 91 90 88 95 38 28 60

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

68 10 11 67

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 32.7 Gross savings (% of GNI) 9.2 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 2.9 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 2.3 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 1.1 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.6 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.8 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.7 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 20.9 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book

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Sub-Saharan Africa Population (millions) 853.4 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 23,588 GDP ($ billions) 1,097.9

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5) Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km) Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

1,176 946 37.4 4.0 45 322 130 28.0 0.6 11.7

6,190 1.8 16.3 5.8 18,550 27,815 689 57.3 511 65.2 18.2 0.8 4,635 2.2 84 61 49 83 31 23 42 46 .. 15 121

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 18.0 Gross savings (% of GNI) 10.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 3.6 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 9.4 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 1.9 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.5 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.5 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.5 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) –2.1 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)

8

2012

The Little Green Data Book


Income group tables For operational and analytical purposes the World Bankâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s main criterion for classifying economies is gross national income (GNI) per capita. Each economy in The Little Green Data Book is classified as low income, middle income, or high income. Low- and middle-income economies are sometimes referred to as developing economies. The use of the term is convenient; it is not intended to imply that all economies in the group are experiencing similar development or that other economies have reached a preferred or final stage of development. Classification by income does not necessarily reflect development status. Note: Classifications are fixed during the World Bankâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s fiscal year (ending on June 30), thus countries remain in the categories in which they are classified irrespective of any revisions to their per capita income data. Low-income economies are those with a GNI per capita of $1,005 or less in 2010. Middle-income economies are those with a GNI per capita of more than $1,005 but less than $12,276. Lower-middle-income and upper-middleincome economies are separated at a GNI per capita of $3,975. High-income economies are those with a GNI per capita of $12,276 or more. Euro area includes the member states of the Economic and Monetary Union of the European Union that have adopted the euro as their currency: Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Portugal, Slovak Republic, Slovenia, and Spain.

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2012

9


Low income Population (millions) 796.3 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 15,046 GDP ($ billions)

418.5

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

528 472 28.3 3.7

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

38 288 133

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5) Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km) Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

27.6 0.6 10.7

10,725 3.9 4.8 .. 15,120 25,817 365 65.9 229 32.0 45.7 0.3 5,381 4.3 90 65 57 86 37 32 47 56 .. 15 108

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 25.1 Gross savings (% of GNI) 7.7 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 3.0 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 1.3 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 1.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 1.2 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.3 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.4 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 15.9 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)

10

2012

The Little Green Data Book


Middle income Population (millions) 4,970.8 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 80,672 GDP ($ billions) 19,632.1

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

3,723 3,230 48.3 2.5

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

38 786 130

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

32.8 0.2 12.3

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

127,820 0.9 9.4 7.5 177,540 109,093

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

1,254 13.2 1,675 72.8 20.6 3.4

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

5,944 7.0 79 90 84 96 59 45 75

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

49 .. .. 51

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 33.8 Gross savings (% of GNI) 11.2 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 5.1 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 1.3 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.1 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.7 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 18.0 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book

2012

11


Lower middle income Population (millions) 2,518.7 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 22,787 GDP ($ billions) 4,312.3

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5) Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km) Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

1,619 1,454 39.4 2.9 47 677 128 27.9 0.5 9.4

38,888 2.7 9.9 4.4 144,150 60,615 665 26.9 644 73.7 16.9 1.5 3,227 12.6 88 87 83 93 47 34 66 58 9 11 69

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 29.2 Gross savings (% of GNI) 9.8 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 6.0 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 1.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.3 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.7 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 13.8 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)

12

2012

The Little Green Data Book


Upper middle income Population (millions) 2,452.1 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 57,885 GDP ($ billions) 15,317.0

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

5,884 5,052 57.4 2.3

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

34 871 131

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

34.6 0.1 13.4

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

88,932 0.1 9.2 8.5 33,390 48,478

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

1,848 8.3 2,714 72.6 21.6 5.3

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

8,718 5.0 66 93 86 98 73 62 82

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

43 .. .. 20

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 35.1 Gross savings (% of GNI) 11.6 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 4.8 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 1.3 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.7 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 19.1 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book

2012

13


Low and middle income Population (millions) 5,767.2 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 95,718 GDP ($ billions) 20,071.9

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5) Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

3,286 2,851 45.5 2.6 38 728 130 31.9 0.2 12.0

138,544 1.2 9.1 7.2 192,660 134,910

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

1,162 15.0 1,525 71.8 21.0 3.0

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

5,867 6.7 79 86 80 95 56 43 72

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

50 .. .. 63

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 33.7 Gross savings (% of GNI) 11.1 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 5.0 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 1.3 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.1 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.7 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 18.0 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)

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2012

The Little Green Data Book


High income Population (millions) 1,127.4 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 33,992 GDP ($ billions) 43,240.0

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

38,745 32,477 77.6 1.0

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

37 24,483 106

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial area (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

28.7 –0.1 12.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

28,570 –1.7 2.0 16.5 81,790 15,495

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

4,856 4.2 9,064 61.6 11.6 11.9

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

8,305 9.4 41 100 98 100 100 99 100

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

23 .. .. 6

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 17.6 Gross savings (% of GNI) 13.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 4.6 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.7 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.2 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 7.1 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book

2012

15


Euro area Population (millions) 331.8 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 2,552 GDP ($ billions) 12,149.1

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

38,565 31,527 73.6 0.6

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

46 25,752 98

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial area (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

37.3 –0.5 17.0

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

4,074 –1.2 0.5 15.1 .. ..

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

3,536 6.7 6,592 48.6 10.2 8.0

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

2,952 16.4 32 100 100 100 100 100 100

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

19 .. .. 4

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 19.4 Gross savings (% of GNI) 13.8 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 4.7 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.1 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.2 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 9.8 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)

16

2012

The Little Green Data Book


Country tables China Unless otherwise noted, data for China do not include data for Hong Kong SAR, China; Macao SAR, China; or Taiwan, China.

Cyprus GNI and GDP data and all data calculated using GNI and GDP refer to the area controlled by the government of the Republic of Cyprus.

Georgia GNI, GDP and population data and all data calculated using GNI, GDP and population exclude Abkhazia and South Ossetia.

Kosovo, Montenegro, and Serbia Data for each country are shown separately where available. However, some indicators for Serbia prior to 2006 include data for Montenegro; these data are noted in the tables. Moreover, data for most indicators for Serbia from 1999 onward exclude data for Kosovo, which in 1999 became a territory under international administration pursuant to UN Security Council Resolution 1244 (1999). Kosovo became a member of the World Bank on June 29, 2009, and its data are shown where available.

Moldova GNI, GDP and population data and all data calculated using GNI, GDP and population exclude Transnistria.

Morocco GNI and GDP data and all data calculated using GNI and GDP include Former Spanish Sahara.

Netherlands Antilles Netherlands Antilles ceased to exist on 10 October 2010. Curaรงao and St. Maarten became countries within the Kingdom of the Netherlands. Bonaire, Saba and St. Eustatius became special municipalities of the Netherlands.

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Country tables South Sudan and Sudan Data are shown separately for South Sudan where available. However, data reported for Sudan include South Sudan unless otherwise noted.

Tanzania GNI and GDP data and all data calculated using GNI and GDP refer to mainland Tanzania only. For more information, see World Development Indicators 2012 or data .worldbank.org.

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Afghanistan Population (millions)

34.4 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

652 GDP ($ billions)

Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

South Asia group

17.2 Lowincome group

410 390 24.8 4.5

1,176 1,111 30.1 2.7

528 472 28.3 3.7

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

58 .. 114

55 521 123

38 288 133

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

2.1 0.0 0.4 11 14 5 2 3.4

17.1 –0.1 5.9

27.6 0.6 10.7

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

1.0 –0.5 .. .. .. ..

13,567 2.9 8.4 1.7 15,440 10,343

10,725 3.9 4.8 .. 15,120 25,817

.. .. .. .. .. 0.0

514 26.8 517 81.6 13.6 1.2

365 65.9 229 32.0 45.7 0.3

1,645 35.6 99 50 42 78 37 30 60

1,236 33.4 91 90 88 95 38 28 60

5,381 4.3 90 65 57 86 37 32 47

32 .. .. 149

68 10 11 67

56 .. 15 108

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation .. 32.7 25.1 Gross savings (% of GNI) 8.9 9.2 7.7 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) .. 2.9 3.0 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 2.3 1.3 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 1.1 1.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 2.6 0.6 1.2 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.1 0.8 0.3 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.8 0.7 0.4 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) .. 20.9 15.9 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book

2012

19


Albania Population (millions)

3.2 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

27 GDP ($ billions)

11.8

Europe & Upper Central middleCountry Asia income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

3,960 3,165 48.0 1.3

7,272 5,727 64.1 0.3

5,884 5,052 57.4 2.3

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

44 1,645 110

28 3,204 126

34 871 131

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

28.3 0.1 9.8 3 5 39 0 0.2

38.6 0.0 7.5

34.6 0.1 13.4

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

8.6 –2.4 –3.4 1.6 .. ..

5,573 –3.1 –0.9 10.4 .. ..

88,932 0.1 9.2 8.5 33,390 48,478

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

538 12.4 1,747 0.6 99.4 1.3

2,831 1.9 3,859 65.4 18.0 7.8

1,848 8.3 2,714 72.6 21.6 5.3

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

8,425 4.4 58 95 94 96 94 93 95

12,885 5.0 63 96 91 99 84 80 87

8,718 5.0 66 93 86 98 73 62 82

37 .. .. 18

23 .. .. 23

43 .. .. 20

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 13.6 23.9 35.1 Gross savings (% of GNI) 10.6 12.2 11.6 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 2.8 3.6 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 2.2 8.6 4.8 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.3 0.8 1.3 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.3 0.8 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.2 0.4 0.7 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 2.7 4.8 19.1 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)

20

2012

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Algeria Population (millions)

35.5 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

2,382 GDP ($ billions)

162.0

Middle Upper East & middleCountry N. Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

4,390 3,097 66.5 2.9

3,874 3,091 58.0 2.5

5,884 5,052 57.4 2.3

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

17 2,254 117

23 2,627 132

34 871 131

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

0.6 0.6 6.3 14 9 36 12 2.9

2.4 –0.1 3.9

34.6 0.1 13.4

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

95.4 0.2 7.6 0.29 .. ..

3,614 2.9 13.4 2.0 5,700 217

88,932 0.1 9.2 8.5 33,390 48,478

1,138 0.1 971 99.2 0.8 3.2

1,399 0.9 1,497 93.4 4.9 3.8

1,848 8.3 2,714 72.6 21.6 5.3

322 52.7 64 83 79 85 95 88 98

695 70.0 86 89 81 94 88 80 94

8,718 5.0 66 93 86 98 73 62 82

75 .. .. 36

66 .. .. 34

43 .. .. 20

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 53.6 19.2 35.1 Gross savings (% of GNI) 11.3 10.7 11.6 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 4.5 4.3 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 17.8 12.4 4.8 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.2 0.4 1.3 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.1 0.1 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.6 0.7 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.3 0.9 0.7 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 29.8 –1.6 19.1 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book

2012

21


American Samoa Population (thousands) 68 Land area (sq. km)

200 GDP ($ millions)

..

Upper East Asia middleCountry & Pacific income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

.. .. 93.0 2.6

3,696 3,264 45.9 3.3

5,884 5,052 57.4 2.3

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

25 .. 99

49 585 135

34 871 131

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

90.0 0.0 0.3 1 8 9 1 0.3

29.6 -0.1 15.0

34.6 0.1 13.4

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

5.3 96,136 27.3 3.5 .. 9.3 17.0 1.4 220 137,690 0.52 56,537

88,932 0.1 9.2 8.5 33,390 48,478

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

.. .. .. .. .. ..

1,436 11.8 2,095 80.3 16.2 4.3

1,848 8.3 2,714 72.6 21.6 5.3

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

4,506 9.9 73 90 84 97 66 57 76

8,718 5.0 66 93 86 98 73 62 82

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

.. .. .. ..

56 .. .. 24

43 .. .. 20

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation .. 48.4 35.1 Gross savings (% of GNI) .. 10.7 11.6 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) .. 2.2 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) .. 3.8 4.8 Energy depletion (% of GNI) .. 1.3 1.3 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.0 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) .. 1.0 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) .. 1.1 0.7 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) .. 32.6 19.1 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)

22

2012

The Little Green Data Book


Andorra Population (thousands) 85 Land area (sq. km)

470 GDP ($ billions)

Highincome group

Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

3.7

41,750 .. 88.0 2.0

38,745 32,477 77.6 1.0

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

38 .. ..

37 24,483 106

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

34.0 0.0 6.1 2 1 0 0 0.0

28.7 –0.1 12.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

.. .. .. .. .. ..

28,570 –1.7 2.0 16.5 81,790 15,495

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

.. .. .. .. .. 6.5

4,856 4.2 9,064 61.6 11.6 11.9

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

.. .. .. 100 100 100 100 100 100

8,305 9.4 41 100 98 100 100 99 100

15 .. .. 4

23 .. .. 6

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation .. 17.6 Gross savings (% of GNI) 14.0 13.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 3.1 4.6 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 0.7 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.1 0.2 CO2 damage (% of GNI) .. 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) .. 7.1 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book

2012

23


Angola Population (millions)

19.1 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

1,247 GDP ($ billions)

84.4

SubLower Saharan middleCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

3,940 2,092 58.5 5.3

1,176 946 37.4 4.0

1,619 1,454 39.4 2.9

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

47 340 144

45 322 130

47 677 128

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

46.9 0.2 12.4 15 23 39 34 8.3

28.0 0.6 11.7

27.9 0.5 9.4

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

260 3.4 .. 0.07 .. 312

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

641 60.1 202 23.9 76.1 1.4

689 57.3 511 65.2 18.2 0.8

665 26.9 644 73.7 16.9 1.5

7,976 0.4 33 51 38 60 58 19 85

4,635 2.2 84 61 49 83 31 23 42

3,227 12.6 88 87 83 93 47 34 66

56 .. .. 161

46 .. 15 121

58 9 11 69

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

6,190 38,888 1.8 2.7 16.3 9.9 5.8 4.4 18,550 144,150 27,815 60,615

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 17.9 18.0 29.2 Gross savings (% of GNI) 12.1 10.9 9.8 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 2.3 3.6 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 35.1 9.4 6.0 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 1.9 1.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.5 0.3 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.3 0.5 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 1.8 0.5 0.7 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) –29.2 –2.1 13.8 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)

24

2012

The Little Green Data Book


Antigua and Barbuda Population (thousands) 88 Land area (sq. km)

440 GDP ($ billions) Latin America & Country Caribbean data group

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

1.2 Upper middleincome group

13,280 .. 30.3 1.0

7,733 6,894 79.3 2.0

5,884 5,052 57.4 2.3

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

30 1,698 106

36 3,663 131

34 871 131

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

22.7 0.0 7.0 2 1 17 4 0.7

47.0 0.5 20.2

34.6 0.1 13.4

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

2.3 4.9 .. 0.70 240 8.4

13,464 –1.6 11.2 13.1 15,280 39,997

88,932 0.1 9.2 8.5 33,390 48,478

1,699 .. .. .. .. 5.1

1,245 17.0 1,892 37.8 55.5 2.8

1,848 8.3 2,714 72.6 21.6 5.3

592 3.3 20 .. .. 95 .. .. 98

23,323 1.6 68 94 81 98 79 59 84

8,718 5.0 66 93 86 98 73 62 82

12 .. .. 8

30 .. .. 23

43 .. .. 20

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation –1.7 20.9 35.1 Gross savings (% of GNI) 12.7 12.1 11.6 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 2.2 4.7 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 3.8 4.8 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 1.6 1.3 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.0 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.2 0.3 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) .. 0.4 0.7 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) .. 7.4 19.1 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book

2012

25


Argentina Population (millions)

40.4 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

2,737 GDP ($ billions) Latin America & Country Caribbean data group

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

368.7 Upper middleincome group

8,620 7,364 92.4 1.4

7,733 6,894 79.3 2.0

5,884 5,052 57.4 2.3

Agriculture 51 Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) 12,957 95 Food production index (2004–2006=100)

36 3,663 131

34 871 131

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

10.7 0.8 5.5 38 49 37 35 17.7

47.0 0.5 20.2

34.6 0.1 13.4

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

814 1.9 11.5 1.1 .. ..

13,464 –1.6 11.2 13.1 15,280 39,997

88,932 0.1 9.2 8.5 33,390 48,478

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

1,853 3.1 2,759 64.1 27.8 4.8

1,245 17.0 1,892 37.8 55.5 2.8

1,848 8.3 2,714 72.6 21.6 5.3

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

6,889 4.0 66 96 80 98 90 77 91

23,323 1.6 68 94 81 98 79 59 84

8,718 5.0 66 93 86 98 73 62 82

60 .. .. 14

30 .. .. 23

43 .. .. 20

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 23.1 20.9 35.1 Gross savings (% of GNI) 12.1 12.1 11.6 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 6.0 4.7 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 4.5 3.8 4.8 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.4 1.6 1.3 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.4 0.3 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 1.6 0.4 0.7 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 10.1 7.4 19.1 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)

26

2012

The Little Green Data Book


Armenia Population (millions)

3.1 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

28 GDP ($ billions)

9.4

Europe & Lower Central middleCountry Asia income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

3,200 2,796 63.7 –1.0

7,272 5,727 64.1 0.3

1,619 1,454 39.4 2.9

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

62 4,723 131

28 3,204 126

47 677 128

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

9.2 1.4 8.0 9 12 3 1 0.2

38.6 0.0 7.5

27.9 0.5 9.4

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

5.6 –7.1 –0.1 .. .. ..

5,573 38,888 –3.1 2.7 –0.9 9.9 10.4 4.4 .. 144,150 .. 60,615

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

843 0.0 1,550 20.3 35.6 1.8

2,831 1.9 3,859 65.4 18.0 7.8

665 26.9 644 73.7 16.9 1.5

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

2,223 36.4 66 98 97 99 90 80 95

12,885 5.0 63 96 91 99 84 80 87

3,227 12.6 88 87 83 93 47 34 66

61 8 17 20

23 .. .. 23

58 9 11 69

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 18.1 23.9 29.2 Gross savings (% of GNI) 9.9 12.2 9.8 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 2.2 3.6 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 8.6 6.0 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 1.0 0.8 1.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 0.3 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.4 0.8 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 2.2 0.4 0.7 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 6.8 4.8 13.8 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book

2012

27


Aruba Population (thousands) 108 Land area (sq. km)

180 GDP ($ millions)

Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

..

Highincome group

.. .. 46.9 2.4

38,745 32,477 77.6 1.0

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

11 .. ..

37 24,483 106

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

2.2 .. 0.1 2 1 15 1 0.3

28.7 –0.1 12.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

0.15 –4.9 .. 0.0 <50 0.71

28,570 –1.7 2.0 16.5 81,790 15,495

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

.. .. .. .. .. 21.7

4,856 4.2 9,064 61.6 11.6 11.9

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

.. .. .. 100 100 100 .. .. ..

8,305 9.4 41 100 98 100 100 99 100

.. .. .. ..

23 .. .. 6

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation .. 17.6 Gross savings (% of GNI) .. 13.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 5.3 4.6 Education expenditure (% of GNI) .. 0.7 Energy depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.2 CO2 damage (% of GNI) .. 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) .. 7.1 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)

28

2012

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Australia Population (millions)

22.3 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

7,682 GDP ($ billions) 1,131.6 Highincome group

Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

46,200 38,708 89.1 1.5

38,745 32,477 77.6 1.0

Agriculture 53 Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) 35,208 103 Food production index (2004–2006=100)

37 24,483 106

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

19.4 0.2 10.6 55 52 103 27 87.7

28.7 –0.1 12.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

241 –1.0 9.0 28.3 48,960 9,910

28,570 –1.7 2.0 16.5 81,790 15,495

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

5,971 4.4 11,113 92.7 4.7 18.6

4,856 4.2 9,064 61.6 11.6 11.9

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

22,413 4.6 74 100 100 100 100 100 100

8,305 9.4 41 100 98 100 100 99 100

14 .. .. 5

23 .. .. 6

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 25.1 17.6 Gross savings (% of GNI) 14.6 13.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 4.5 4.6 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 2.2 0.7 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 4.3 0.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.3 0.2 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.0 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 8.2 7.1 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book

2012

29


Austria Population (millions)

8.4 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

82 GDP ($ billions)

Country data

379.1 Highincome group

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

47,030 38,551 67.6 0.6

38,745 32,477 77.6 1.0

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

38 25,771 101

37 24,483 106

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

47.2 –0.1 22.9 3 7 11 9 0.3

28.7 –0.1 12.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

2.5 –2.1 –1.8 .. .. ..

28,570 –1.7 2.0 16.5 81,790 15,495

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

3,784 17.6 7,944 28.2 61.4 8.1

4,856 4.2 9,064 61.6 11.6 11.9

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

6,575 4.7 3 100 100 100 100 100 100

8,305 9.4 41 100 98 100 100 99 100

27 .. .. 4

23 .. .. 6

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 24.9 17.6 Gross savings (% of GNI) 14.1 13.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 5.3 4.6 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.1 0.7 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.1 0.2 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.2 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 15.6 7.1 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)

30

2012

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Azerbaijan Population (millions)

9.1 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

83 GDP ($ billions)

51.8

Europe & Upper Central middleCountry Asia income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

5,330 2,858 52.2 1.0

7,272 5,727 64.1 0.3

5,884 5,052 57.4 2.3

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

58 1,241 115

28 3,204 126

34 871 131

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

11.3 0.0 7.1 7 14 10 0 0.8

38.6 0.0 7.5

34.6 0.1 13.4

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

2.1 –16.6 –1.0 .. .. ..

5,573 –3.1 –0.9 10.4 .. ..

88,932 0.1 9.2 8.5 33,390 48,478

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

1,338 0.0 1,620 87.8 12.2 5.4

2,831 1.9 3,859 65.4 18.0 7.8

1,848 8.3 2,714 72.6 21.6 5.3

907 35.2 76 80 71 88 82 78 86

12,885 5.0 63 96 91 99 84 80 87

8,718 5.0 66 93 86 98 73 62 82

29 3 11 46

23 .. .. 23

43 .. .. 20

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 49.5 23.9 35.1 Gross savings (% of GNI) 12.0 12.2 11.6 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 3.4 3.6 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 34.5 8.6 4.8 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.8 1.3 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.9 0.8 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.4 0.4 0.7 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 5.1 4.8 19.1 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book

2012

31


Bahamas, The Population (thousands) 343 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

10 GDP ($ billions)

Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

7.5 Highincome group

20,610 17,805 84.1 1.7

38,745 32,477 77.6 1.0

Agriculture 1 Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) 15,764 108 Food production index (2004–2006=100)

37 24,483 106

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

51.4 0.0 13.7 7 6 28 4 3.6

28.7 –0.1 12.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

11.6 2.2 .. 0.41 3,150 875

28,570 –1.7 2.0 16.5 81,790 15,495

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

2,156 .. .. .. .. 6.5

4,856 4.2 9,064 61.6 11.6 11.9

59 .. .. .. .. 98 100 100 100

8,305 9.4 41 100 98 100 100 99 100

.. .. .. 16

23 .. .. 6

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 25.0 17.6 Gross savings (% of GNI) 13.2 13.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 3.8 4.6 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 0.7 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.2 0.2 CO2 damage (% of GNI) .. 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) .. 7.1 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)

32

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Bahrain Population (millions)

1.3 Land area (sq. km)

760 GDP ($ billions)

Highincome group

Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

20.6

18,730 12,619 88.6 4.7

38,745 32,477 77.6 1.0

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

9 .. 117

37 24,483 106

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

1.3 –8.4 1.3 3 3 8 0 0.0

28.7 –0.1 12.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

13.5 2.6 .. 0.65 570 0.65

28,570 –1.7 2.0 16.5 81,790 15,495

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

8,096 0.0 9,214 100.0 0.0 21.4

4,856 4.2 9,064 61.6 11.6 11.9

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

3 219.8 45 .. .. 100 .. .. 100

8,305 9.4 41 100 98 100 100 99 100

45 .. .. 10

23 .. .. 6

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 45.4 17.6 Gross savings (% of GNI) 6.7 13.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 3.0 4.6 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 30.0 0.7 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.8 0.2 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.3 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 10.6 7.1 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book

2012

33


Bangladesh Population (millions) 148.7 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

130 GDP ($ billions)

Country data

South Asia group

100.4 Lowincome group

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

700 665 28.1 3.5

1,176 1,111 30.1 2.7

528 472 28.3 3.7

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

70 507 121

55 521 123

38 288 133

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

11.1 0.2 1.8 34 30 18 15 1.4

17.1 –0.1 5.9

27.6 0.6 10.7

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

3,035 5.0 10.1 0.81 <50 4,951

13,567 2.9 8.4 1.7 15,440 10,343

10,725 3.9 4.8 .. 15,120 25,817

201 29.8 252 95.9 4.1 0.3

514 26.8 517 81.6 13.6 1.2

365 65.9 229 32.0 45.7 0.3

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

714 2.9 88 81 80 85 56 55 57

1,236 33.4 91 90 88 95 38 28 60

5,381 4.3 90 65 57 86 37 32 47

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

121 5 10 48

68 10 11 67

56 .. 15 108

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 35.2 32.7 25.1 Gross savings (% of GNI) 7.5 9.2 7.7 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 1.8 2.9 3.0 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 1.8 2.3 1.3 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 1.1 1.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.4 0.6 1.2 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.4 0.8 0.3 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.6 0.7 0.4 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 26.2 20.9 15.9 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)

34

2012

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Barbados Population (thousands) 274 Land area (sq. km)

430 GDP ($ billions)

4.1 Highincome group

Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

12,660 .. 40.8 1.4

38,745 32,477 77.6 1.0

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

44 15,621 99

37 24,483 106

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

18.6 0.0 0.1 3 2 19 2 0.4

28.7 –0.1 12.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

3.3 0.4 .. 0.07 <100 0.04

28,570 –1.7 2.0 16.5 81,790 15,495

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

1,476 .. .. .. .. 5.0

4,856 4.2 9,064 61.6 11.6 11.9

293 76.1 33 100 100 100 100 100 100

8,305 9.4 41 100 98 100 100 99 100

34 .. .. 20

23 .. .. 6

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 17.2 17.6 Gross savings (% of GNI) 12.6 13.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 7.4 4.6 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 0.7 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.3 0.2 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.0 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) .. 7.1 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book

2012

35


Belarus Population (millions)

9.5 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

203 GDP ($ billions)

54.7

Europe & Upper Central middleCountry Asia income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

5,950 4,926 74.3 0.2

7,272 5,727 64.1 0.3

5,884 5,052 57.4 2.3

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

44 5,700 120

28 3,204 126

34 871 131

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

42.6 –0.5 7.2 4 4 2 0 0.0

38.6 0.0 7.5

34.6 0.1 13.4

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

17.2 –5.8 –0.1 .. .. ..

5,573 –3.1 –0.9 10.4 .. ..

88,932 0.1 9.2 8.5 33,390 48,478

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

2,815 6.0 3,299 99.3 0.1 6.5

2,831 1.9 3,859 65.4 18.0 7.8

1,848 8.3 2,714 72.6 21.6 5.3

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

3,913 7.5 19 100 99 100 93 97 91

12,885 5.0 63 96 91 99 84 80 87

8,718 5.0 66 93 86 98 73 62 82

7 .. .. 6

23 .. .. 23

43 .. .. 20

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 25.7 23.9 35.1 Gross savings (% of GNI) 11.4 12.2 11.6 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 4.4 3.6 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 1.0 8.6 4.8 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.8 1.3 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 1.0 0.8 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.0 0.4 0.7 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 16.6 4.8 19.1 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)

36

2012

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Belgium Population (millions)

10.9 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

30 GDP ($ billions)

Highincome group

Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

469.4

45,840 37,837 97.4 0.5

38,745 32,477 77.6 1.0

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

45 .. 97

37 24,483 106

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

22.4 0.0 13.8 3 2 11 0 0.0

28.7 –0.1 12.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

23.0 –3.0 –1.1 0.04 .. ..

28,570 –1.7 2.0 16.5 81,790 15,495

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

5,300 4.9 7,903 39.8 0.4 9.8

4,856 4.2 9,064 61.6 11.6 11.9

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

1,111 34.0 1 100 100 100 100 100 100

8,305 9.4 41 100 98 100 100 99 100

21 .. .. 4

23 .. .. 6

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 22.5 17.6 Gross savings (% of GNI) 13.7 13.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 6.1 4.6 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 0.7 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.2 0.2 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.1 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 14.6 7.1 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book

2012

37


Belize Population (thousands) 345 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

23 GDP ($ billions) Latin America & Country Caribbean data group

1.4 Lower middleincome group

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

3,810 3,341 52.7 3.5

7,733 6,894 79.3 2.0

1,619 1,454 39.4 2.9

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

7 4,506 88

36 3,663 131

47 677 128

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

61.1 0.6 27.9 8 4 30 27 1.7

47.0 0.5 20.2

27.9 0.5 9.4

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

119 22.3 21.3 11.9 1,330 958

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

13,464 38,888 –1.6 2.7 11.2 9.9 13.1 4.4 15,280 144,150 39,997 60,615

571 .. .. .. .. 1.3

1,245 17.0 1,892 37.8 55.5 2.8

665 26.9 644 73.7 16.9 1.5

48,019 0.8 20 98 99 98 90 87 93

23,323 1.6 68 94 81 98 79 59 84

3,227 12.6 88 87 83 93 47 34 66

13 .. .. 17

30 .. .. 23

58 9 11 69

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 16.3 20.9 29.2 Gross savings (% of GNI) 11.5 12.1 9.8 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 6.9 4.7 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 3.8 6.0 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 1.6 1.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 0.3 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.3 0.3 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.0 0.4 0.7 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 10.0 7.4 13.8 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)

38

2012

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Benin Population (millions)

8.9 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

111 GDP ($ billions)

6.6

SubSaharan LowCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

780 684 42.0 4.1

1,176 946 37.4 4.0

528 472 28.3 3.7

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

30 684 122

45 322 130

38 288 133

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

41.2 1.2 23.8 11 6 27 13 0.2

28.0 0.6 11.7

27.6 0.6 10.7

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

40.3 0.2 .. 0.0 .. 65.7

6,190 1.8 16.3 5.8 18,550 27,815

10,725 3.9 4.8 .. 15,120 25,817

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

404 57.4 91 100.0 0.0 0.5

689 57.3 511 65.2 18.2 0.8

365 65.9 229 32.0 45.7 0.3

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

1,197 0.5 45 75 68 84 13 5 25

4,635 2.2 84 61 49 83 31 23 42

5,381 4.3 90 65 57 86 37 32 47

48 10 9 115

46 .. 15 121

56 .. 15 108

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 12.8 18.0 25.1 Gross savings (% of GNI) 8.4 10.9 7.7 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 4.3 3.6 3.0 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 9.4 1.3 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 1.9 1.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.3 0.5 1.2 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.5 0.5 0.3 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.5 0.5 0.4 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 7.4 –2.1 15.9 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book

2012

39


Bermuda Population (thousands) 65 Land area (sq. km)

50 GDP ($ billions)

Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

5.7 Highincome group

.. .. 100.0 0.3

38,745 32,477 77.6 1.0

Agriculture 0 Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) 33,608 108 Food production index (2004–2006=100)

37 24,483 106

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

20.0 0.0 5.6 4 1 15 3 1.2

28.7 –0.1 12.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

0.38 –1.0 .. 5.0 370 0.18

28,570 –1.7 2.0 16.5 81,790 15,495

.. .. .. .. .. 6.1

4,856 4.2 9,064 61.6 11.6 11.9

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

8,305 9.4 41 100 98 100 100 99 100

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

.. .. .. ..

23 .. .. 6

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation .. 17.6 Gross savings (% of GNI) .. 13.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 1.9 4.6 Education expenditure (% of GNI) .. 0.7 Energy depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.2 CO2 damage (% of GNI) .. 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) .. 7.1 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)

40

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Bhutan Population (thousands) 726 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

38 GDP ($ billions)

Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

South Asia group

1.5 Lower middleincome group

1,870 1,682 36.8 5.4

1,176 1,111 30.1 2.7

1,619 1,454 39.4 2.9

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

13 465 92

55 521 123

47 677 128

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

84.6 –0.3 28.3 27 18 3 2 1.1

17.1 –0.1 5.9

27.9 0.5 9.4

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

0.21 –3.1 2.0 .. .. ..

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

354 .. .. .. .. 1.0

514 26.8 517 81.6 13.6 1.2

665 26.9 644 73.7 16.9 1.5

109,295 0.4 94 96 94 100 44 29 73

1,236 33.4 91 90 88 95 38 28 60

3,227 12.6 88 87 83 93 47 34 66

21 .. .. 56

68 10 11 67

58 9 11 69

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

13,567 38,888 2.9 2.7 8.4 9.9 1.7 4.4 15,440 144,150 10,343 60,615

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation .. 32.7 29.2 Gross savings (% of GNI) 10.4 9.2 9.8 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 3.2 2.9 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 2.3 6.0 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 1.1 1.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 3.6 0.6 0.3 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.4 0.8 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.1 0.7 0.7 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) .. 20.9 13.8 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book

2012

41


Bolivia Population (millions)

9.9 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

1,083 GDP ($ billions) Latin America & Country Caribbean data group

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

19.6 Lower middleincome group

1,810 1,467 66.5 2.9

7,733 6,894 79.3 2.0

1,619 1,454 39.4 2.9

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

34 716 113

36 3,663 131

47 677 128

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

52.8 0.5 18.5 20 34 0 72 12.5

47.0 0.5 20.2

27.9 0.5 9.4

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

7.8 0.0 2.6 .. .. ..

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

13,464 38,888 –1.6 2.7 11.2 9.9 13.1 4.4 15,280 144,150 39,997 60,615

638 17.7 558 61.4 37.5 1.3

1,245 17.0 1,892 37.8 55.5 2.8

665 26.9 644 73.7 16.9 1.5

31,054 0.3 57 88 71 96 27 10 35

23,323 1.6 68 94 81 98 79 59 84

3,227 12.6 88 87 83 93 47 34 66

60 20 26 54

30 .. .. 23

58 9 11 69

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 26.1 20.9 29.2 Gross savings (% of GNI) 10.2 12.1 9.8 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 5.2 4.7 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 9.4 3.8 6.0 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 2.9 1.6 1.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 0.3 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.5 0.3 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 1.1 0.4 0.7 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 7.3 7.4 13.8 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)

42

2012

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Bosnia and Herzegovina Population (millions)

3.8 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

51 GDP ($ billions)

16.6

Europe & Upper Central middleCountry Asia income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

4,770 .. 48.6 0.4

7,272 5,727 64.1 0.3

5,884 5,052 57.4 2.3

Agriculture 42 Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) 15,028 110 Food production index (2004–2006=100)

28 3,204 126

34 871 131

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

42.8 0.1 0.6 4 5 31 0 0.4

38.6 0.0 7.5

34.6 0.1 13.4

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

9.6 .. .. 0.71 .. ..

5,573 –3.1 –0.9 10.4 .. ..

88,932 0.1 9.2 8.5 33,390 48,478

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

1,580 3.1 2,867 60.2 39.8 8.3

2,831 1.9 3,859 65.4 18.0 7.8

1,848 8.3 2,714 72.6 21.6 5.3

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

9,422 0.9 .. 99 98 100 95 92 99

12,885 5.0 63 96 91 99 84 80 87

8,718 5.0 66 93 86 98 73 62 82

19 .. .. 8

23 .. .. 23

43 .. .. 20

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 14.5 23.9 35.1 Gross savings (% of GNI) 10.5 12.2 11.6 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) .. 3.6 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 1.4 8.6 4.8 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 1.4 0.8 1.3 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.0 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 1.3 0.8 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.1 0.4 0.7 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) .. 4.8 19.1 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book

2012

43


Botswana Population (millions)

2.0 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

567 GDP ($ billions)

14.9

SubUpper Saharan middleCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

6,790 6,256 61.1 3.8

1,176 946 37.4 4.0

5,884 5,052 57.4 2.3

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

46 447 116

45 322 130

34 871 131

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

20.0 0.9 30.9 7 10 2 0 1.4

28.0 0.6 11.7

34.6 0.1 13.4

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

0.06 –14.3 .. .. .. ..

6,190 1.8 16.3 5.8 18,550 27,815

88,932 0.1 9.2 8.5 33,390 48,478

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

1,034 23.6 1,503 100.0 0.0 2.5

689 57.3 511 65.2 18.2 0.8

1,848 8.3 2,714 72.6 21.6 5.3

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

1,211 1.6 41 96 92 99 62 41 75

4,635 2.2 84 61 49 83 31 23 42

8,718 5.0 66 93 86 98 73 62 82

66 .. .. 48

46 .. 15 121

43 .. .. 20

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 26.8 18.0 35.1 Gross savings (% of GNI) 11.6 10.9 11.6 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 7.6 3.6 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.2 9.4 4.8 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 3.2 1.9 1.3 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.5 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.2 0.5 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.3 0.5 0.7 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 18.6 –2.1 19.1 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)

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Brazil Population (millions) 194.9 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

8,459 GDP ($ billions) 2,087.9 Latin America & Country Caribbean data group

Upper middleincome group

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

9,390 8,873 86.5 2.0

7,733 6,894 79.3 2.0

5,884 5,052 57.4 2.3

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

31 4,118 116

36 3,663 131

34 871 131

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

61.4 0.5 26.3 81 122 84 389 100.0

47.0 0.5 20.2

34.6 0.1 13.4

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

1,265 1.2 17.1 16.5 1,200 12,999

13,464 –1.6 11.2 13.1 15,280 39,997

88,932 0.1 9.2 8.5 33,390 48,478

1,243 31.6 2,206 8.1 83.8 2.1

1,245 17.0 1,892 37.8 55.5 2.8

1,848 8.3 2,714 72.6 21.6 5.3

28,037 0.7 55 98 85 100 79 44 85

23,323 1.6 68 94 81 98 79 59 84

8,718 5.0 66 93 86 98 73 62 82

19 .. .. 19

30 .. .. 23

43 .. .. 20

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 16.8 20.9 35.1 Gross savings (% of GNI) 12.2 12.1 11.6 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 5.2 4.7 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 1.6 3.8 4.8 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 1.7 1.6 1.3 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.2 0.3 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.2 0.4 0.7 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 6.1 7.4 19.1 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book

2012

45


Brunei Darussalam Population (thousands) 399 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

5.3 GDP ($ millions)

Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

10.7

Highincome group

31,800 15,642 75.7 3.0

38,745 32,477 77.6 1.0

Agriculture 2 Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) 77,147 133 Food production index (2004–2006=100)

37 24,483 106

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

72.1 0.4 44.0 34 24 7 98 0.1

28.7 –0.1 12.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

2.8 –0.2 24.8 1.4 210 173

28,570 –1.7 2.0 16.5 81,790 15,495

7,971 0.0 8,662 100.0 0.0 27.5

4,856 4.2 9,064 61.6 11.6 11.9

21,693 1.1 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

8,305 9.4 41 100 98 100 100 99 100

48 .. .. 7

23 .. .. 6

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 61.6 17.6 Gross savings (% of GNI) 13.2 13.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 2.0 4.6 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 29.9 0.7 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.5 0.2 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.1 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 2.2 7.1 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)

46

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Bulgaria Population (millions)

7.5 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

109 GDP ($ billions)

47.7

Europe & Upper Central middleCountry Asia income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

6,280 5,110 71.7 –0.3

7,272 5,727 64.1 0.3

5,884 5,052 57.4 2.3

Agriculture 46 Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) 10,923 103 Food production index (2004–2006=100)

28 3,204 126

34 871 131

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

36.2 –0.8 9.2 7 11 19 5 0.8

38.6 0.0 7.5

34.6 0.1 13.4

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

18.7 –7.3 0.0 3.2 .. ..

5,573 –3.1 –0.9 10.4 .. ..

88,932 0.1 9.2 8.5 33,390 48,478

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

2,305 4.3 4,401 55.2 8.2 6.6

2,831 1.9 3,859 65.4 18.0 7.8

1,848 8.3 2,714 72.6 21.6 5.3

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

2,769 28.7 16 100 100 100 100 100 100

12,885 5.0 63 96 91 99 84 80 87

8,718 5.0 66 93 86 98 73 62 82

45 .. .. 13

23 .. .. 23

43 .. .. 20

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 24.6 23.9 35.1 Gross savings (% of GNI) 14.3 12.2 11.6 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 4.1 3.6 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.7 8.6 4.8 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 1.3 0.8 1.3 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.8 0.8 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 1.2 0.4 0.7 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 10.4 4.8 19.1 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book

2012

47


Burkina Faso Population (millions)

16.5 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

274 GDP ($ billions)

8.8

SubSaharan LowCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

550 470 20.4 4.8

1,176 946 37.4 4.0

528 472 28.3 3.7

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

44 176 105

45 322 130

38 288 133

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

20.6 1.0 14.2 9 7 4 3 0.3

28.0 0.6 11.7

27.6 0.6 10.7

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

14.9 3.7 22.9 .. .. ..

6,190 1.8 16.3 5.8 18,550 27,815

10,725 3.9 4.8 .. 15,120 25,817

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

.. .. .. .. .. 0.1

689 57.3 511 65.2 18.2 0.8

365 65.9 229 32.0 45.7 0.3

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

782 7.9 70 79 73 95 17 6 50

4,635 2.2 84 61 49 83 31 23 42

5,381 4.3 90 65 57 86 37 32 47

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

63 .. .. 176

46 .. 15 121

56 .. 15 108

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 6.8 18.0 25.1 Gross savings (% of GNI) 7.9 10.9 7.7 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 4.3 3.6 3.0 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 9.4 1.3 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 2.8 1.9 1.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 1.5 0.5 1.2 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.2 0.5 0.3 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.8 0.5 0.4 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 0.5 –2.1 15.9 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)

48

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Burundi Population (millions)

8.4 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

26 GDP ($ billions)

1.6

SubSaharan LowCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

170 153 11.0 4.8

1,176 946 37.4 4.0

528 472 28.3 3.7

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

84 72 65

45 322 130

38 288 133

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

6.7 2.6 4.8 11 11 17 2 0.3

28.0 0.6 11.7

27.6 0.6 10.7

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

17.8 0.1 2.6 .. .. ..

6,190 1.8 16.3 5.8 18,550 27,815

10,725 3.9 4.8 .. 15,120 25,817

.. .. .. .. .. 0.0

689 57.3 511 65.2 18.2 0.8

365 65.9 229 32.0 45.7 0.3

1,231 2.3 77 72 71 83 46 46 49

4,635 2.2 84 61 49 83 31 23 42

5,381 4.3 90 65 57 86 37 32 47

28 .. .. 142

46 .. 15 121

56 .. 15 108

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 4.1 18.0 25.1 Gross savings (% of GNI) 6.6 10.9 7.7 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 8.7 3.6 3.0 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 9.4 1.3 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.9 1.9 1.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 11.8 0.5 1.2 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.1 0.5 0.3 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.1 0.5 0.4 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) –28.6 –2.1 15.9 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book

2012

49


Cambodia Population (millions)

14.1 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

177 GDP ($ billions)

11.2

East Asia LowCountry & Pacific income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

750 686 22.8 4.9

3,696 3,264 45.9 3.3

528 472 28.3 3.7

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

31 434 137

49 585 135

38 288 133

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

57.2 1.2 25.8 37 24 42 29 3.5

29.6 –0.1 15.0

27.6 0.6 10.7

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

550 96,136 8.0 3.5 11.8 9.3 0.44 1.4 <50 137,690 728 56,537

10,725 3.9 4.8 .. 15,120 25,817

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

371 70.7 131 95.6 3.9 0.3

1,436 11.8 2,095 80.3 16.2 4.3

365 65.9 229 32.0 45.7 0.3

8,628 0.5 94 64 58 87 31 20 73

4,506 9.9 73 90 84 97 66 57 76

5,381 4.3 90 65 57 86 37 32 47

37 15 20 51

56 .. .. 24

56 .. 15 108

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 13.2 48.4 25.1 Gross savings (% of GNI) 8.9 10.7 7.7 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 1.6 2.2 3.0 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 3.8 1.3 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 1.3 1.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.1 0.0 1.2 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.3 1.0 0.3 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.4 1.1 0.4 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 5.1 32.6 15.9 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)

50

2012

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Cameroon Population (millions)

19.6 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

473 GDP ($ billions)

22.4

SubLower Saharan middleCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

1,180 968 58.4 4.2

1,176 946 37.4 4.0

1,619 1,454 39.4 2.9

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

20 743 114

45 322 130

47 677 128

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

42.1 1.0 9.2 38 20 112 378 12.5

28.0 0.6 11.7

27.9 0.5 9.4

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

141 3.5 10.9 0.39 .. 1,962

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

6,190 38,888 1.8 2.7 16.3 9.9 5.8 4.4 18,550 144,150 27,815 60,615

361 64.1 271 29.9 70.0 0.3

689 57.3 511 65.2 18.2 0.8

665 26.9 644 73.7 16.9 1.5

14,237 0.3 76 77 52 95 49 36 58

4,635 2.2 84 61 49 83 31 23 42

3,227 12.6 88 87 83 93 47 34 66

58 .. .. 136

46 .. 15 121

58 9 11 69

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 20.4 18.0 29.2 Gross savings (% of GNI) 9.1 10.9 9.8 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 3.1 3.6 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 4.6 9.4 6.0 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.1 1.9 1.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.5 0.3 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.2 0.5 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.7 0.5 0.7 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 5.2 –2.1 13.8 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book

2012

51


Canada Population (millions)

34.1 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

9,094 GDP ($ billions) 1,577.0

Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

Highincome group

43,250 37,869 80.6 1.3

38,745 32,477 77.6 1.0

Agriculture 7 Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) 44,619 107 Food production index (2004–2006=100)

37 24,483 106

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

34.1 0.0 7.5 12 15 35 1 21.5

28.7 –0.1 12.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

1,089 –2.8 7.0 1.2 .. ..

28,570 –1.7 2.0 16.5 81,790 15,495

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

7,534 4.5 15,471 22.8 60.3 16.3

4,856 4.2 9,064 61.6 11.6 11.9

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

84,495 1.6 12 100 99 100 100 99 100

8,305 9.4 41 100 98 100 100 99 100

16 .. .. 6

23 .. .. 6

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 18.8 17.6 Gross savings (% of GNI) 14.3 13.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 4.5 4.6 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 1.8 0.7 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.6 0.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.3 0.2 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.1 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 6.3 7.1 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)

52

2012

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Cape Verde Population (thousands) 496 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

4.0 GDP ($ billions)

1.6

SubLower Saharan middleCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

3,270 2,835 61.1 3.4

1,176 946 37.4 4.0

1,619 1,454 39.4 2.9

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

22 2,294 119

45 322 130

47 677 128

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

21.1 –1.9 2.5 3 4 24 3 2.4

28.0 0.6 11.7

27.9 0.5 9.4

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

19.5 5.6 .. 0.0 .. ..

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

213 .. .. .. .. 0.6

689 57.3 511 65.2 18.2 0.8

665 26.9 644 73.7 16.9 1.5

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

610 6.8 91 88 85 90 61 43 73

4,635 2.2 84 61 49 83 31 23 42

3,227 12.6 88 87 83 93 47 34 66

.. .. .. 36

46 .. 15 121

58 9 11 69

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

6,190 38,888 1.8 2.7 16.3 9.9 5.8 4.4 18,550 144,150 27,815 60,615

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 29.5 18.0 29.2 Gross savings (% of GNI) 10.9 10.9 9.8 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 4.9 3.6 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 9.4 6.0 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 1.9 1.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.1 0.5 0.3 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.2 0.5 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) .. 0.5 0.7 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) .. –2.1 13.8 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book

2012

53


Cayman Islands Population (thousands) 56 Land area (sq. km)

240 GDP ($ millions)

Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

..

Highincome group

.. .. 100.0 3.8

38,745 32,477 77.6 1.0

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

8 .. 95

37 24,483 106

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

54.2 0.0 8.7 1 1 18 2 0.6

28.7 –0.1 12.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

0.13 –9.1 .. 1.2 230 78.3

28,570 –1.7 2.0 16.5 81,790 15,495

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

.. .. .. .. .. 10.1

4,856 4.2 9,064 61.6 11.6 11.9

.. .. .. 96 .. 96 96 .. 96

8,305 9.4 41 100 98 100 100 99 100

.. .. .. ..

23 .. .. 6

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation .. 17.6 Gross savings (% of GNI) .. 13.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) .. 4.6 Education expenditure (% of GNI) .. 0.7 Energy depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.2 CO2 damage (% of GNI) .. 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) .. 7.1 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)

54

2012

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Central African Republic Population (millions)

4.4 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

623 GDP ($ billions)

2.0

SubSaharan LowCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

470 421 38.9 2.3

1,176 946 37.4 4.0

528 472 28.3 3.7

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

8 418 111

45 322 130

38 288 133

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

36.3 0.1 17.7 8 9 3 17 1.5

28.0 0.6 11.7

27.6 0.6 10.7

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

35.2 5.1 2.4 .. .. ..

6,190 1.8 16.3 5.8 18,550 27,815

10,725 3.9 4.8 .. 15,120 25,817

.. .. .. .. .. 0.1

689 57.3 511 65.2 18.2 0.8

365 65.9 229 32.0 45.7 0.3

32,653 0.0 1 67 51 92 34 28 43

4,635 2.2 84 61 49 83 31 23 42

5,381 4.3 90 65 57 86 37 32 47

33 .. .. 159

46 .. 15 121

56 .. 15 108

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation .. 18.0 25.1 Gross savings (% of GNI) 7.7 10.9 7.7 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 1.1 3.6 3.0 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 9.4 1.3 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 1.9 1.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.5 1.2 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.1 0.5 0.3 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.2 0.5 0.4 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) .. –2.1 15.9 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book

2012

55


Chad Population (millions)

11.2 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

1,259 GDP ($ billions)

7.6

SubSaharan LowCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

620 370 27.6 4.5

1,176 946 37.4 4.0

528 472 28.3 3.7

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

39 .. 112

45 322 130

38 288 133

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

9.2 0.6 9.4 13 9 1 2 2.2

28.0 0.6 11.7

27.6 0.6 10.7

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

40.0 –2.8 .. .. .. ..

6,190 1.8 16.3 5.8 18,550 27,815

10,725 3.9 4.8 .. 15,120 25,817

.. .. .. .. .. 0.0

689 57.3 511 65.2 18.2 0.8

365 65.9 229 32.0 45.7 0.3

1,371 0.9 52 51 44 70 13 6 30

4,635 2.2 84 61 49 83 31 23 42

5,381 4.3 90 65 57 86 37 32 47

82 .. .. 173

46 .. 15 121

56 .. 15 108

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation .. 18.0 25.1 Gross savings (% of GNI) 9.3 10.9 7.7 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 2.3 3.6 3.0 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 29.0 9.4 1.3 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 1.9 1.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.5 1.2 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.5 0.3 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 1.4 0.5 0.4 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) .. –2.1 15.9 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)

56

2012

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Channel Islands Population (thousands) 153 Land area (sq. km)

190 GDP ($ billions)

Highincome group

Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

11.5

67,960 .. 31.4 0.5

38,745 32,477 77.6 1.0

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

42 .. ..

37 24,483 106

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

4.2 .. 9.3 .. .. .. .. 0.0

28.7 –0.1 12.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

4.5 0.6 15.2 0.02 .. ..

28,570 –1.7 2.0 16.5 81,790 15,495

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

.. .. .. .. .. ..

4,856 4.2 9,064 61.6 11.6 11.9

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

8,305 9.4 41 100 98 100 100 99 100

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

.. .. .. ..

23 .. .. 6

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation .. 17.6 Gross savings (% of GNI) 15.6 13.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) .. 4.6 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 0.7 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.2 CO2 damage (% of GNI) .. 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) .. 7.1 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book

2012

57


Chile Population (millions)

17.1 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

744 GDP ($ billions) Latin America & Country Caribbean data group

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

212.7 Upper middleincome group

10,120 8,577 89.0 1.6

7,733 6,894 79.3 2.0

5,884 5,052 57.4 2.3

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

21 6,267 101

36 3,663 131

34 871 131

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

21.8 –0.3 16.6 20 34 20 34 15.3

47.0 0.5 20.2

34.6 0.1 13.4

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

3,393 –3.2 12.3 3.7 .. ..

13,464 –1.6 11.2 13.1 15,280 39,997

88,932 0.1 9.2 8.5 33,390 48,478

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

1,698 17.5 3,283 51.0 41.7 4.4

1,245 17.0 1,892 37.8 55.5 2.8

1,848 8.3 2,714 72.6 21.6 5.3

52,136 1.2 70 96 75 99 96 83 98

23,323 1.6 68 94 81 98 79 59 84

8,718 5.0 66 93 86 98 73 62 82

53 .. .. 9

30 .. .. 23

43 .. .. 20

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 24.9 20.9 35.1 Gross savings (% of GNI) 13.2 12.1 11.6 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 4.6 4.7 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.1 3.8 4.8 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 12.3 1.6 1.3 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.3 0.3 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.6 0.4 0.7 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 3.0 7.4 19.1 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)

58

2012

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China Population (millions) 1,338.3 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

9,327 GDP ($ billions) 5,926.6 Upper East Asia middleCountry & Pacific income data group group

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

4,270 3,746 44.9 3.3

3,696 3,264 45.9 3.3

5,884 5,052 57.4 2.3

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

56 545 115

49 585 135

34 871 131

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

22.2 –1.4 16.6 75 86 113 374 66.6

29.6 –0.1 15.0

34.6 0.1 13.4

63,245 96,136 4.3 3.5 9.4 9.3 1.3 1.4 1,510 137,690 208 56,537

88,932 0.1 9.2 8.5 33,390 48,478

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km) Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

1,695 9.0 2,631 80.6 16.7 5.3

1,436 11.8 2,095 80.3 16.2 4.3

1,848 8.3 2,714 72.6 21.6 5.3

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

2,113 19.5 65 91 85 98 64 56 74

4,506 9.9 73 90 84 97 66 57 76

8,718 5.0 66 93 86 98 73 62 82

60 .. .. 18

56 .. .. 24

43 .. .. 20

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 52.7 48.4 35.1 Gross savings (% of GNI) 10.8 10.7 11.6 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 1.8 2.2 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 3.7 3.8 4.8 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 1.4 1.3 1.3 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 1.1 1.0 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 1.2 1.1 0.7 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 36.3 32.6 19.1 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book

2012

59


Colombia Population (millions)

46.3 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

1,110 GDP ($ billions) Latin America & Country Caribbean data group

288.2 Upper middleincome group

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

5,510 4,800 75.1 2.1

7,733 6,894 79.3 2.0

5,884 5,052 57.4 2.3

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

38 2,874 112

36 3,663 131

34 871 131

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

54.5 0.2 20.9 52 94 54 215 51.5

47.0 0.5 20.2

34.6 0.1 13.4

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

159 –2.0 10.7 15.5 940 4,079

13,464 –1.6 11.2 13.1 15,280 39,997

88,932 0.1 9.2 8.5 33,390 48,478

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

697 14.0 1,047 27.2 71.7 1.5

1,245 17.0 1,892 37.8 55.5 2.8

1,848 8.3 2,714 72.6 21.6 5.3

46,261 0.6 39 92 72 99 77 63 82

23,323 1.6 68 94 81 98 79 59 84

8,718 5.0 66 93 86 98 73 62 82

20 6 13 22

30 .. .. 23

43 .. .. 20

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 19.8 20.9 35.1 Gross savings (% of GNI) 11.8 12.1 11.6 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 3.9 4.7 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 7.2 3.8 4.8 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.5 1.6 1.3 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.2 0.3 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.1 0.4 0.7 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 3.8 7.4 19.1 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)

60

2012

The Little Green Data Book


Comoros Population (thousands) 735 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

1.9 GDP ($ millions) 541.1 SubSaharan LowCountry Africa income data group group

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

750 664 28.2 2.6

1,176 946 37.4 4.0

528 472 28.3 3.7

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

83 551 94

45 322 130

38 288 133

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

1.6 6.7 0.0 5 9 6 4 2.3

28.0 0.6 11.7

27.6 0.6 10.7

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

52.3 7.5 .. 3.2 430 1.2

6,190 1.8 16.3 5.8 18,550 27,815

10,725 3.9 4.8 .. 15,120 25,817

60 .. .. .. .. 0.2

689 57.3 511 65.2 18.2 0.8

365 65.9 229 32.0 45.7 0.3

1,677 0.8 47 95 97 91 36 30 50

4,635 2.2 84 61 49 83 31 23 42

5,381 4.3 90 65 57 86 37 32 47

32 .. .. 86

46 .. 15 121

56 .. 15 108

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation .. 18.0 25.1 Gross savings (% of GNI) 8.4 10.9 7.7 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 4.2 3.6 3.0 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 9.4 1.3 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 1.9 1.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 1.1 0.5 1.2 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.2 0.5 0.3 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.0 0.5 0.4 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) .. –2.1 15.9 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book

2012

61


Congo, Dem. Rep. Population (millions)

66.0 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

2,267 GDP ($ billions)

13.1

SubSaharan LowCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

180 147 35.2 4.2

1,176 946 37.4 4.0

528 472 28.3 3.7

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

10 173 99

45 322 130

38 288 133

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

68.0 0.2 10.0 30 35 83 80 19.9

28.0 0.6 11.7

27.6 0.6 10.7

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

239 1.9 7.5 4.4 .. 193

6,190 1.8 16.3 5.8 18,550 27,815

10,725 3.9 4.8 .. 15,120 25,817

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

357 93.7 104 0.4 99.6 0.0

689 57.3 511 65.2 18.2 0.8

365 65.9 229 32.0 45.7 0.3

14,018 0.0 18 45 27 79 24 24 24

4,635 2.2 84 61 49 83 31 23 42

5,381 4.3 90 65 57 86 37 32 47

38 .. 16 170

46 .. 15 121

56 .. 15 108

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation .. 18.0 25.1 Gross savings (% of GNI) 7.0 10.9 7.7 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 0.9 3.6 3.0 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 2.7 9.4 1.3 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 11.0 1.9 1.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.5 1.2 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.2 0.5 0.3 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.7 0.5 0.4 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) .. –2.1 15.9 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)

62

2012

The Little Green Data Book


Congo, Rep. Population (millions)

4.0 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

342 GDP ($ billions)

11.9

SubLower Saharan middleCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

2,150 559 62.1 3.3

1,176 946 37.4 4.0

1,619 1,454 39.4 2.9

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

31 .. 116

45 322 130

47 677 128

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

65.6 0.1 9.4 11 2 46 37 3.6

28.0 0.6 11.7

27.9 0.5 9.4

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

65.2 1.5 –6.9 32.8 .. 16.7

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

356 51.1 146 36.0 64.0 0.5

689 57.3 511 65.2 18.2 0.8

665 26.9 644 73.7 16.9 1.5

56,324 0.0 9 71 32 95 18 15 20

4,635 2.2 84 61 49 83 31 23 42

3,227 12.6 88 87 83 93 47 34 66

60 8 14 93

46 .. 15 121

58 9 11 69

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

6,190 38,888 1.8 2.7 16.3 9.9 5.8 4.4 18,550 144,150 27,815 60,615

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 22.0 18.0 29.2 Gross savings (% of GNI) 14.1 10.9 9.8 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 2.5 3.6 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 59.6 9.4 6.0 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 1.9 1.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.5 0.3 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.2 0.5 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.9 0.5 0.7 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) –49.8 –2.1 13.8 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book

2012

63


Costa Rica Population (millions)

4.7 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

51 GDP ($ billions) Latin America & Country Caribbean data group

35.8 Upper middleincome group

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

6,810 6,590 64.3 3.3

7,733 6,894 79.3 2.0

5,884 5,052 57.4 2.3

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

35 5,596 113

36 3,663 131

34 871 131

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

51.0 –0.1 20.9 9 19 50 112 9.7

47.0 0.5 20.2

34.6 0.1 13.4

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

48.6 0.8 21.2 12.2 970 418

13,464 –1.6 11.2 13.1 15,280 39,997

88,932 0.1 9.2 8.5 33,390 48,478

1,067 15.8 1,813 4.9 77.8 1.8

1,245 17.0 1,892 37.8 55.5 2.8

1,848 8.3 2,714 72.6 21.6 5.3

24,484 2.4 53 97 91 100 95 96 95

23,323 1.6 68 94 81 98 79 59 84

8,718 5.0 66 93 86 98 73 62 82

29 .. .. 10

30 .. .. 23

43 .. .. 20

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 15.7 20.9 35.1 Gross savings (% of GNI) 11.9 12.1 11.6 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 6.2 4.7 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 3.8 4.8 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 1.6 1.3 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.1 0.0 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.2 0.3 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.1 0.4 0.7 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 9.7 7.4 19.1 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)

64

2012

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Côte d’Ivoire Population (millions)

19.7 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

318 GDP ($ billions)

22.8

SubLower Saharan middleCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

1,160 954 50.1 3.4

1,176 946 37.4 4.0

1,619 1,454 39.4 2.9

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

64 1,056 108

45 322 130

47 677 128

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

32.7 –0.1 22.6 23 15 45 106 3.4

28.0 0.6 11.7

27.9 0.5 9.4

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

73.5 –1.4 15.2 0.07 .. 99.6

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

535 75.2 203 62.0 35.9 0.4

689 57.3 511 65.2 18.2 0.8

665 26.9 644 73.7 16.9 1.5

3,971 1.7 43 80 68 91 24 11 36

4,635 2.2 84 61 49 83 31 23 42

3,227 12.6 88 87 83 93 47 34 66

29 .. .. 123

46 .. 15 121

58 9 11 69

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

6,190 38,888 1.8 2.7 16.3 9.9 5.8 4.4 18,550 144,150 27,815 60,615

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 15.4 18.0 29.2 Gross savings (% of GNI) 9.4 10.9 9.8 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 4.3 3.6 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 3.4 9.4 6.0 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.5 1.9 1.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.5 0.3 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.3 0.5 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.3 0.5 0.7 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 5.3 –2.1 13.8 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book

2012

65


Croatia Population (millions)

4.4 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

56 GDP ($ billions)

Country data

60.9 Highincome group

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

13,890 11,493 57.8 –0.1

38,745 32,477 77.6 1.0

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

23 16,423 114

37 24,483 106

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

34.3 –0.2 13.0 7 10 60 5 0.6

28.7 –0.1 12.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

66.8 .. .. 3.4 .. ..

28,570 –1.7 2.0 16.5 81,790 15,495

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

1,965 4.2 3,712 46.3 53.0 5.3

4,856 4.2 9,064 61.6 11.6 11.9

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

8,512 0.6 2 99 97 100 99 98 99

8,305 9.4 41 100 98 100 100 99 100

25 .. .. 6

23 .. .. 6

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 22.6 17.6 Gross savings (% of GNI) 12.8 13.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 4.3 4.6 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.7 0.7 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.2 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.3 0.2 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.3 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 12.7 7.1 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)

66

2012

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Cuba Population (millions)

11.3 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

106 GDP ($ billions) Latin America & Country Caribbean data group

62.7 Upper middleincome group

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

5,520 4,685 75.7 0.5

7,733 6,894 79.3 2.0

5,884 5,052 57.4 2.3

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

63 3,618 98

36 3,663 131

34 871 131

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

27.0 –1.7 6.4 14 17 34 155 12.5

47.0 0.5 20.2

34.6 0.1 13.4

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

55.4 –9.6 7.0 4.4 3,020 4,944

13,464 –1.6 11.2 13.1 15,280 39,997

88,932 0.1 9.2 8.5 33,390 48,478

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

1,022 15.8 1,348 96.2 0.9 2.8

1,245 17.0 1,892 37.8 55.5 2.8

1,848 8.3 2,714 72.6 21.6 5.3

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

3,385 19.8 75 94 89 96 91 81 94

23,323 1.6 68 94 81 98 79 59 84

8,718 5.0 66 93 86 98 73 62 82

15 .. .. 6

30 .. .. 23

43 .. .. 20

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation .. 20.9 35.1 Gross savings (% of GNI) 11.3 12.1 11.6 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 13.4 4.7 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 2.3 3.8 4.8 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.9 1.6 1.3 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.4 0.3 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.0 0.4 0.7 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) .. 7.4 19.1 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book

2012

67


Curaçao Population (thousands) 143 Land area (sq. km)

444 GDP ($ millions)

Country data

..

Highincome group

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

.. .. .. ..

38,745 32,477 77.6 1.0

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

.. .. ..

37 24,483 106

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

28.7 –0.1 12.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

.. .. .. .. .. ..

28,570 –1.7 2.0 16.5 81,790 15,495

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

.. .. .. .. .. ..

4,856 4.2 9,064 61.6 11.6 11.9

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

8,305 9.4 41 100 98 100 100 99 100

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

.. .. .. ..

23 .. .. 6

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation .. 17.6 Gross savings (% of GNI) .. 13.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) .. 4.6 Education expenditure (% of GNI) .. 0.7 Energy depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.2 CO2 damage (% of GNI) .. 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) .. 7.1 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)

68

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Cyprus Population (millions)

1.1 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

9.2 GDP ($ billions)

Highincome group

Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

23.1

29,430 17,722 70.3 2.1

38,745 32,477 77.6 1.0

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

14 7,927 87

37 24,483 106

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

18.7 –0.4 10.5 5 4 19 16 0.5

28.7 –0.1 12.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

5.5 –2.9 19.1 0.56 .. ..

28,570 –1.7 2.0 16.5 81,790 15,495

2,298 1.8 4,620 99.2 0.0 7.9

4,856 4.2 9,064 61.6 11.6 11.9

715 19.3 86 100 100 100 100 100 100

8,305 9.4 41 100 98 100 100 99 100

28 .. .. 4

23 .. .. 6

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 9.5 17.6 Gross savings (% of GNI) 13.3 13.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 6.9 4.6 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 0.7 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.3 0.2 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.3 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 2.5 7.1 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book

2012

69


Czech Republic Population (millions)

10.5 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

77 GDP ($ billions)

Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

192.0 Highincome group

17,890 14,638 73.5 0.0

38,745 32,477 77.6 1.0

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

55 6,415 98

37 24,483 106

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

34.4 –0.1 15.1 2 5 2 8 0.1

28.7 –0.1 12.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

24.4 –0.4 –0.4 .. .. ..

28,570 –1.7 2.0 16.5 81,790 15,495

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

4,004 5.6 6,114 61.0 3.0 11.2

4,856 4.2 9,064 61.6 11.6 11.9

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

1,254 13.3 2 100 100 100 98 97 99

8,305 9.4 41 100 98 100 100 99 100

17 .. .. 4

23 .. .. 6

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 22.5 17.6 Gross savings (% of GNI) 13.6 13.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 3.8 4.6 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.5 0.7 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.5 0.2 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.0 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 11.6 7.1 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)

70

2012

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Denmark Population (millions)

5.5 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

42 GDP ($ billions)

Highincome group

Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

312.0

59,400 48,547 87.2 0.5

38,745 32,477 77.6 1.0

Agriculture 62 Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) 53,407 107 Food production index (2004–2006=100)

37 24,483 106

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

12.8 -1.0 4.9 2 2 15 1 0.2

28.7 -0.1 12.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

868 -2.8 -0.3 3.2 .. ..

28,570 -1.7 2.0 16.5 81,790 15,495

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

3,369 16.2 6,246 70.4 0.1 8.4

4,856 4.2 9,064 61.6 11.6 11.9

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

1,086 10.8 36 100 100 100 100 100 100

8,305 9.4 41 100 98 100 100 99 100

16 .. .. 4

23 .. .. 6

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 22.4 17.6 Gross savings (% of GNI) 14.0 13.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 7.3 4.6 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 1.7 0.7 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.1 0.2 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.0 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 13.9 7.1 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book

2012

71


Djibouti Population (thousands) 889 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

23 GDP ($ billions)

1.0

Middle Lower East & middleCountry N. Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

1,270 1,172 88.1 3.0

3,874 3,091 58.0 2.5

1,619 1,454 39.4 2.9

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

73 80 98

23 2,627 132

47 677 128

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

0.3 0.0 0.0 8 8 16 2 0.5

2.4 -0.1 3.9

27.9 0.5 9.4

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

1.1 5.5 .. 0.24 450 10.0

3,614 38,888 2.9 2.7 13.4 9.9 2.0 4.4 5,700 144,150 217 60,615

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

170 .. .. .. .. 0.6

1,399 0.9 1,497 93.4 4.9 3.8

665 26.9 644 73.7 16.9 1.5

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

344 6.3 16 88 54 99 50 10 63

695 70.0 86 89 81 94 88 80 94

3,227 12.6 88 87 83 93 47 34 66

49 .. .. 91

66 .. .. 34

58 9 11 69

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 33.7 19.2 29.2 Gross savings (% of GNI) 8.5 10.7 9.8 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) .. 4.3 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 12.4 6.0 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.4 1.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.3 0.1 0.3 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.4 0.7 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 1.8 0.9 0.7 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) .. -1.6 13.8 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)

72

2012

The Little Green Data Book


Dominica Population (thousands) 68 Land area (sq. km)

750 GDP ($ millions) 466.4 Latin America & Country Caribbean data group

Upper middleincome group

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

6,740 5,894 74.6 0.3

7,733 6,894 79.3 2.0

5,884 5,052 57.4 2.3

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

32 5,927 110

36 3,663 131

34 871 131

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

60.0 0.5 21.7 3 3 18 9 0.9

47.0 0.5 20.2

34.6 0.1 13.4

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

0.74 2.1 .. 0.13 <100 0.10

13,464 –1.6 11.2 13.1 15,280 39,997

88,932 0.1 9.2 8.5 33,390 48,478

628 .. .. .. .. 1.9

1,245 17.0 1,892 37.8 55.5 2.8

1,848 8.3 2,714 72.6 21.6 5.3

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

.. .. .. 95 92 96 81 84 80

23,323 1.6 68 94 81 98 79 59 84

8,718 5.0 66 93 86 98 73 62 82

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

21 .. .. 12

30 .. .. 23

43 .. .. 20

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 1.2 20.9 35.1 Gross savings (% of GNI) 11.7 12.1 11.6 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 3.1 4.7 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 3.8 4.8 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 1.6 1.3 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.2 0.3 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) .. 0.4 0.7 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) .. 7.4 19.1 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book

2012

73


Dominican Republic Population (millions)

9.9 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

48 GDP ($ billions) Latin America & Country Caribbean data group

51.8 Upper middleincome group

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

5,030 4,451 70.5 2.8

7,733 6,894 79.3 2.0

5,884 5,052 57.4 2.3

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

51 5,083 116

36 3,663 131

34 871 131

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

40.8 0.0 22.2 6 14 21 27 6.0

47.0 0.5 20.2

34.6 0.1 13.4

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

15.5 –1.5 6.5 30.4 610 212

13,464 –1.6 11.2 13.1 15,280 39,997

88,932 0.1 9.2 8.5 33,390 48,478

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

826 21.8 1,358 90.0 9.8 2.2

1,245 17.0 1,892 37.8 55.5 2.8

1,848 8.3 2,714 72.6 21.6 5.3

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

2,144 16.6 64 86 84 87 83 75 87

23,323 1.6 68 94 81 98 79 59 84

8,718 5.0 66 93 86 98 73 62 82

16 7 15 27

30 .. .. 23

43 .. .. 20

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 7.5 20.9 35.1 Gross savings (% of GNI) 11.4 12.1 11.6 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 1.9 4.7 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 3.8 4.8 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.2 1.6 1.3 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.4 0.3 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.0 0.4 0.7 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) –2.6 7.4 19.1 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)

74

2012

The Little Green Data Book


Ecuador Population (millions)

14.5 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

248 GDP ($ billions) Latin America & Country Caribbean data group

58.0 Upper middleincome group

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

3,850 2,998 66.9 2.7

7,733 6,894 79.3 2.0

5,884 5,052 57.4 2.3

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

30 2,040 115

36 3,663 131

34 871 131

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

39.7 1.7 25.1 43 73 50 1,714 29.3

47.0 0.5 20.2

34.6 0.1 13.4

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

664 1.5 6.5 75.4 <50 1,583

13,464 –1.6 11.2 13.1 15,280 39,997

88,932 0.1 9.2 8.5 33,390 48,478

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

796 5.4 1,115 44.4 53.5 1.9

1,245 17.0 1,892 37.8 55.5 2.8

1,848 8.3 2,714 72.6 21.6 5.3

30,291 3.6 92 94 89 96 92 84 96

23,323 1.6 68 94 81 98 79 59 84

8,718 5.0 66 93 86 98 73 62 82

20 .. .. 20

30 .. .. 23

43 .. .. 20

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 23.1 20.9 35.1 Gross savings (% of GNI) 10.9 12.1 11.6 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 1.4 4.7 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 12.9 3.8 4.8 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 1.6 1.3 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.4 0.3 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.1 0.4 0.7 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 0.2 7.4 19.1 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book

2012

75


Egypt, Arab Rep. Population (millions)

81.1 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

995 GDP ($ billions)

218.9

Middle Lower East & middleCountry N. Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

2,420 2,184 42.8 1.7

3,874 3,091 58.0 2.5

1,619 1,454 39.4 2.9

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

4 3,265 118

23 2,627 132

47 677 128

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

0.1 –2.3 5.9 17 9 39 2 2.9

2.4 –0.1 3.9

27.9 0.5 9.4

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

1,305 2.2 14.4 9.3 3,800 5.1

3,614 38,888 2.9 2.7 13.4 9.9 2.0 4.4 5,700 144,150 217 60,615

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

903 2.1 1,549 89.9 9.3 2.7

1,399 0.9 1,497 93.4 4.9 3.8

665 26.9 644 73.7 16.9 1.5

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

23 119.0 86 99 99 100 95 93 97

695 70.0 86 89 81 94 88 80 94

3,227 12.6 88 87 83 93 47 34 66

88 8 9 22

66 .. .. 34

58 9 11 69

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 18.2 19.2 29.2 Gross savings (% of GNI) 10.3 10.7 9.8 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 4.4 4.3 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 6.8 12.4 6.0 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.2 0.4 1.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.1 0.1 0.3 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.8 0.7 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.7 0.9 0.7 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 3.6 –1.6 13.8 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)

76

2012

The Little Green Data Book


El Salvador Population (millions)

6.2 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

21 GDP ($ billions) Latin America & Country Caribbean data group

21.2 Lower middleincome group

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

3,380 2,991 61.3 1.8

7,733 6,894 79.3 2.0

1,619 1,454 39.4 2.9

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

75 2,752 109

36 3,663 131

47 677 128

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

13.9 1.4 0.8 5 5 14 24 0.9

47.0 0.5 20.2

27.9 0.5 9.4

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

40.5 7.5 10.3 3.1 .. 252

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

828 33.8 845 43.7 26.0 1.0

1,245 17.0 1,892 37.8 55.5 2.8

665 26.9 644 73.7 16.9 1.5

2,881 5.5 55 88 76 94 87 83 89

23,323 1.6 68 94 81 98 79 59 84

3,227 12.6 88 87 83 93 47 34 66

28 .. .. 16

30 .. .. 23

58 9 11 69

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

13,464 38,888 -1.6 2.7 11.2 9.9 13.1 4.4 15,280 144,150 39,997 60,615

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 11.2 20.9 29.2 Gross savings (% of GNI) 10.6 12.1 9.8 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 3.0 4.7 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 3.8 6.0 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 1.6 1.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.4 0.0 0.3 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.2 0.3 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.2 0.4 0.7 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 2.7 7.4 13.8 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book

2012

77


Equatorial Guinea Population (thousands) 700 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

28 GDP ($ billions)

Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

14.0 Highincome group

14,550 4,347 39.7 3.8

38,745 32,477 77.6 1.0

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

11 993 116

37 24,483 106

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

58.0 0.7 19.2 19 5 29 68 1.5

28.7 –0.1 12.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

7.4 3.5 .. 2.6 .. 253

28,570 –1.7 2.0 16.5 81,790 15,495

2,732 .. .. .. .. 7.3

4,856 4.2 9,064 61.6 11.6 11.9

38,173 0.1 6 51 42 66 89 87 92

8,305 9.4 41 100 98 100 100 99 100

7 .. .. 121

23 .. .. 6

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation .. 17.6 Gross savings (% of GNI) 18.8 13.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 1.2 4.6 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 49.4 0.7 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.5 0.2 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.0 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) .. 7.1 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)

78

2012

The Little Green Data Book


Eritrea Population (millions)

5.3 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

101 GDP ($ billions)

2.1

SubSaharan LowCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

340 369 21.6 4.1

1,176 946 37.4 4.0

528 472 28.3 3.7

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

75 66 99

45 322 130

38 288 133

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

15.2 0.3 5.0 10 12 18 4 0.8

28.0 0.6 11.7

27.6 0.6 10.7

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

3.3 .. .. 0.0 3,260 102

6,190 1.8 16.3 5.8 18,550 27,815

10,725 3.9 4.8 .. 15,120 25,817

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

142 77.4 51 99.3 0.0 0.1

689 57.3 511 65.2 18.2 0.8

365 65.9 229 32.0 45.7 0.3

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

549 9.2 95 60 57 74 13 4 52

4,635 2.2 84 61 49 83 31 23 42

5,381 4.3 90 65 57 86 37 32 47

64 .. .. 61

46 .. 15 121

56 .. 15 108

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation .. 18.0 25.1 Gross savings (% of GNI) 7.6 10.9 7.7 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 1.7 3.6 3.0 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 9.4 1.3 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 1.9 1.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.5 1.2 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.2 0.5 0.3 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.4 0.5 0.4 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) .. –2.1 15.9 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book

2012

79


Estonia Population (millions)

1.3 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

42 GDP ($ billions)

Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

19.2 Highincome group

14,460 11,747 69.5 –0.9

38,745 32,477 77.6 1.0

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

22 3,156 115

37 24,483 106

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

52.3 –0.3 20.4 1 3 5 0 0.1

28.7 –0.1 12.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

96.0 –6.2 –2.4 26.5 .. ..

28,570 –1.7 2.0 16.5 81,790 15,495

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

3,543 14.7 5,950 93.1 0.4 13.6

4,856 4.2 9,064 61.6 11.6 11.9

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

9,483 14.0 0 98 97 99 95 94 96

8,305 9.4 41 100 98 100 100 99 100

9 .. .. 5

23 .. .. 6

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 25.3 17.6 Gross savings (% of GNI) 13.0 13.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 5.5 4.6 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 1.3 0.7 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.3 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.7 0.2 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.0 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 15.6 7.1 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)

80

2012

The Little Green Data Book


Ethiopia Population (millions)

83.0 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

1,000 GDP ($ billions)

29.7

SubSaharan LowCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

390 316 17.6 4.4

1,176 946 37.4 4.0

528 472 28.3 3.7

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

35 226 122

45 322 130

38 288 133

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

12.3 1.0 18.4 33 24 14 24 8.4

28.0 0.6 11.7

27.6 0.6 10.7

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

18.1 6.7 –1.8 .. .. ..

6,190 1.8 16.3 5.8 18,550 27,815

10,725 3.9 4.8 .. 15,120 25,817

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

402 92.0 46 12.4 87.3 0.1

689 57.3 511 65.2 18.2 0.8

365 65.9 229 32.0 45.7 0.3

1,503 4.6 94 44 34 97 21 19 29

4,635 2.2 84 61 49 83 31 23 42

5,381 4.3 90 65 57 86 37 32 47

51 13 18 106

46 .. 15 121

56 .. 15 108

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 16.7 18.0 25.1 Gross savings (% of GNI) 7.4 10.9 7.7 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 2.9 3.6 3.0 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 9.4 1.3 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.2 1.9 1.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 4.0 0.5 1.2 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.2 0.5 0.3 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.2 0.5 0.4 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 7.5 –2.1 15.9 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book

2012

81


Faeroe Islands Population (thousands) 49 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

1.4 GDP ($ billions)

Country data

2.2 Highincome group

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

.. .. 42.5 1.8

38,745 32,477 77.6 1.0

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

2 .. 102

37 24,483 106

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

0.1 .. .. 5 0 8 0 0.3

28.7 –0.1 12.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

441 1.8 6.7 .. .. ..

28,570 –1.7 2.0 16.5 81,790 15,495

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

.. .. .. .. .. 14.6

4,856 4.2 9,064 61.6 11.6 11.9

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

8,305 9.4 41 100 98 100 100 99 100

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

9 .. .. ..

23 .. .. 6

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation .. 17.6 Gross savings (% of GNI) 14.1 13.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) .. 4.6 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 0.7 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.2 0.2 CO2 damage (% of GNI) .. 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) .. 7.1 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)

82

2012

The Little Green Data Book


Fiji Population (thousands) 860 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

18 GDP ($ billions)

3.2

Lower East Asia middleCountry & Pacific income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

3,630 3,201 53.4 2.1

3,696 3,264 45.9 3.3

1,619 1,454 39.4 2.9

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

23 1,733 84

49 585 135

47 677 128

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

55.5 –0.3 1.3 6 14 13 61 3.9

29.6 –0.1 15.0

27.9 0.5 9.4

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km) Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

42.1 96,136 38,888 1.2 3.5 2.7 –10.0 9.3 9.9 0.06 1.4 4.4 10,020 137,690 144,150 425 56,537 60,615 627 .. .. .. .. 1.5

1,436 11.8 2,095 80.3 16.2 4.3

665 26.9 644 73.7 16.9 1.5

33,497 0.3 61 98 95 100 83 71 94

4,506 9.9 73 90 84 97 66 57 76

3,227 12.6 88 87 83 93 47 34 66

19 .. .. 17

56 .. .. 24

58 9 11 69

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 6.3 48.4 29.2 Gross savings (% of GNI) 10.9 10.7 9.8 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 6.0 2.2 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 3.8 6.0 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 1.3 1.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 0.3 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.4 1.0 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.1 1.1 0.7 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 0.6 32.6 13.8 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book

2012

83


Finland Population (millions)

5.4 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

304 GDP ($ billions)

Country data

238.0 Highincome group

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

47,570 37,864 63.9 0.6

38,745 32,477 77.6 1.0

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

8 47,514 101

37 24,483 106

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

72.9 –0.1 9.0 1 4 6 1 0.2

28.7 –0.1 12.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

171 0.6 –2.2 5.0 .. ..

28,570 –1.7 2.0 16.5 81,790 15,495

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

6,213 20.9 15,242 30.3 17.6 10.6

4,856 4.2 9,064 61.6 11.6 11.9

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

20,042 1.5 3 100 100 100 100 100 100

8,305 9.4 41 100 98 100 100 99 100

15 .. .. 3

23 .. .. 6

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 20.3 17.6 Gross savings (% of GNI) 16.0 13.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 5.7 4.6 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 0.7 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.1 0.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.2 0.2 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.0 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 9.7 7.1 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)

84

2012

The Little Green Data Book


France Population (millions)

64.9 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

548 GDP ($ billions) 2,560.0 Highincome group

Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

42,370 34,718 77.8 0.8

38,745 32,477 77.6 1.0

Agriculture 53 Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) 57,973 98 Food production index (2004–2006=100)

37 24,483 106

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

29.1 –0.5 16.5 9 6 44 27 5.3

28.7 –0.1 12.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

651 –1.9 –0.7 21.3 .. ..

28,570 –1.7 2.0 16.5 81,790 15,495

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

3,970 5.9 7,488 10.4 10.6 5.9

4,856 4.2 9,064 61.6 11.6 11.9

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

3,099 15.0 12 100 100 100 100 100 100

8,305 9.4 41 100 98 100 100 99 100

12 .. .. 4

23 .. .. 6

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 17.2 17.6 Gross savings (% of GNI) 13.6 13.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 5.1 4.6 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 0.7 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.1 0.2 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.0 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 8.5 7.1 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book

2012

85


French Polynesia Population (thousands) 271 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

3.7 GDP ($ millions)

Country data

..

Highincome group

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

.. .. 51.6 1.2

38,745 32,477 77.6 1.0

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

12 .. 111

37 24,483 106

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

42.3 –5.3 0.4 1 32 22 47 4.6

28.7 –0.1 12.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

13.1 5.8 –4.0 0.06 6,000 ..

28,570 –1.7 2.0 16.5 81,790 15,495

.. .. .. .. .. 3.4

4,856 4.2 9,064 61.6 11.6 11.9

38,264 .. .. 100 100 100 98 97 99

8,305 9.4 41 100 98 100 100 99 100

.. .. .. ..

23 .. .. 6

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation .. 17.6 Gross savings (% of GNI) .. 13.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) .. 4.6 Education expenditure (% of GNI) .. 0.7 Energy depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.2 CO2 damage (% of GNI) .. 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) .. 7.1 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)

86

2012

The Little Green Data Book


Gabon Population (millions)

1.5 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

258 GDP ($ billions)

13.0

SubUpper Saharan middleCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

7,740 4,086 86.0 3.5

1,176 946 37.4 4.0

5,884 5,052 57.4 2.3

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

20 1,972 115

45 322 130

34 871 131

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

85.4 0.0 15.1 14 4 61 120 3.0

28.0 0.6 11.7

34.6 0.1 13.4

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

32.2 2.4 24.5 7.3 .. 1,598

6,190 1.8 16.3 5.8 18,550 27,815

88,932 0.1 9.2 8.5 33,390 48,478

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

1,214 61.8 922 46.4 53.2 1.7

689 57.3 511 65.2 18.2 0.8

1,848 8.3 2,714 72.6 21.6 5.3

110,997 0.1 38 87 41 95 33 30 33

4,635 2.2 84 61 49 83 31 23 42

8,718 5.0 66 93 86 98 73 62 82

5 .. .. 74

46 .. 15 121

43 .. .. 20

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 49.7 18.0 35.1 Gross savings (% of GNI) 13.3 10.9 11.6 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 3.1 3.6 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 33.0 9.4 4.8 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 1.9 1.3 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.5 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.1 0.5 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.0 0.5 0.7 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 1.6 –2.1 19.1 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book

2012

87


Gambia, The Population (millions)

1.7 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

10 GDP ($ millions) 806.5 SubSaharan LowCountry Africa income data group group

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

450 390 58.1 5.0

1,176 946 37.4 4.0

528 472 28.3 3.7

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

67 282 119

45 322 130

38 288 133

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

48.0 –0.4 1.5 10 8 23 4 0.1

28.0 0.6 11.7

27.6 0.6 10.7

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

46.4 3.9 –4.3 0.06 .. 581

6,190 1.8 16.3 5.8 18,550 27,815

10,725 3.9 4.8 .. 15,120 25,817

84 .. .. .. .. 0.3

689 57.3 511 65.2 18.2 0.8

365 65.9 229 32.0 45.7 0.3

1,784 0.9 28 89 85 92 68 65 70

4,635 2.2 84 61 49 83 31 23 42

5,381 4.3 90 65 57 86 37 32 47

61 .. .. 98

46 .. 15 121

56 .. 15 108

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 13.7 18.0 25.1 Gross savings (% of GNI) 8.4 10.9 7.7 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 3.1 3.6 3.0 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 9.4 1.3 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 1.9 1.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.8 0.5 1.2 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.4 0.5 0.3 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.5 0.5 0.4 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 6.7 –2.1 15.9 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)

88

2012

The Little Green Data Book


Georgia Population (millions)

4.5 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

69 GDP ($ billions)

11.7

Europe & Lower Central middleCountry Asia income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

2,690 2,313 52.9 –0.6

7,272 5,727 64.1 0.3

1,619 1,454 39.4 2.9

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

36 1,817 72

28 3,204 126

47 677 128

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

39.5 0.1 3.7 10 10 9 0 0.6

38.6 0.0 7.5

27.9 0.5 9.4

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

31.1 –6.0 –1.3 0.45 .. ..

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

5,573 38,888 –3.1 2.7 –0.9 9.9 10.4 4.4 .. 144,150 .. 60,615

723 12.0 1,585 13.4 86.6 1.2

2,831 1.9 3,859 65.4 18.0 7.8

665 26.9 644 73.7 16.9 1.5

13,179 2.6 65 98 96 100 95 93 96

12,885 5.0 63 96 91 99 84 80 87

3,227 12.6 88 87 83 93 47 34 66

54 .. .. 22

23 .. .. 23

58 9 11 69

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 10.0 23.9 29.2 Gross savings (% of GNI) 9.7 12.2 9.8 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 2.8 3.6 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.2 8.6 6.0 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.4 0.8 1.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 0.3 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.4 0.8 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 1.5 0.4 0.7 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 0.7 4.8 13.8 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book

2012

89


Germany Population (millions)

81.8 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

349 GDP ($ billions) 3,280.5

Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

Highincome group

43,070 35,258 73.8 0.2

38,745 32,477 77.6 1.0

Agriculture 48 Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) 32,866 105 Food production index (2004–2006=100)

37 24,483 106

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

31.8 –0.2 42.4 6 5 23 13 0.6

28.7 –0.1 12.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

263 –1.9 –2.3 40.3 .. ..

28,570 –1.7 2.0 16.5 81,790 15,495

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

3,889 7.8 6,779 58.9 3.2 9.6

4,856 4.2 9,064 61.6 11.6 11.9

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

1,306 21.0 0 100 100 100 100 100 100

8,305 9.4 41 100 98 100 100 99 100

16 .. .. 4

23 .. .. 6

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 22.7 17.6 Gross savings (% of GNI) 13.6 13.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 4.4 4.6 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.1 0.7 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.2 0.2 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.0 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 13.2 7.1 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)

90

2012

The Little Green Data Book


Ghana Population (millions)

24.4 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

228 GDP ($ billions)

31.3

SubLower Saharan middleCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

1,230 1,044 51.5 4.2

1,176 946 37.4 4.0

1,619 1,454 39.4 2.9

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

68 .. 119

45 322 130

47 677 128

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

21.7 2.0 14.7 16 13 44 117 1.9

28.0 0.6 11.7

27.9 0.5 9.4

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

361 –0.6 18.2 0.01 .. 137

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

388 69.8 265 23.2 76.8 0.4

689 57.3 511 65.2 18.2 0.8

665 26.9 644 73.7 16.9 1.5

1,272 1.8 66 86 80 91 14 8 19

4,635 2.2 84 61 49 83 31 23 42

3,227 12.6 88 87 83 93 47 34 66

21 6 20 74

46 .. 15 121

58 9 11 69

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

6,190 38,888 1.8 2.7 16.3 9.9 5.8 4.4 18,550 144,150 27,815 60,615

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 20.8 18.0 29.2 Gross savings (% of GNI) 9.3 10.9 9.8 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 4.7 3.6 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 9.4 6.0 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 6.5 1.9 1.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 1.5 0.5 0.3 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.3 0.5 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.0 0.5 0.7 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 8.6 –2.1 13.8 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book

2012

91


Gibraltar Population (thousands) 29 Land area (sq. km)

10 GDP ($ billions)

Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

.. Highincome group

.. .. 100.0 0.4

38,745 32,477 77.6 1.0

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

.. .. ..

37 24,483 106

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

0.0 .. 4.7 5 2 14 0 0.0

28.7 –0.1 12.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

.. .. .. 0.0 .. ..

28,570 –1.7 2.0 16.5 81,790 15,495

5,597 0.0 5,947 100.0 0.0 14.4

4,856 4.2 9,064 61.6 11.6 11.9

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

8,305 9.4 41 100 98 100 100 99 100

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

.. .. .. ..

23 .. .. 6

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation .. 17.6 Gross savings (% of GNI) .. 13.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) .. 4.6 Education expenditure (% of GNI) .. 0.7 Energy depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.2 CO2 damage (% of GNI) .. 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) .. 7.1 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)

92

2012

The Little Green Data Book


Greece Population (millions)

11.3 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

129 GDP ($ billions)

Highincome group

Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

301.1

26,950 22,274 61.4 0.8

38,745 32,477 77.6 1.0

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

64 .. 86

37 24,483 106

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

30.3 –0.8 16.2 10 10 75 52 2.8

28.7 –0.1 12.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

196 –2.3 13.2 2.6 .. ..

28,570 –1.7 2.0 16.5 81,790 15,495

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

2,609 3.4 5,540 86.6 8.8 8.7

4,856 4.2 9,064 61.6 11.6 11.9

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

5,141 12.7 89 100 99 100 98 97 99

8,305 9.4 41 100 98 100 100 99 100

31 .. .. 4

23 .. .. 6

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 4.8 17.6 Gross savings (% of GNI) 13.6 13.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 3.2 4.6 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.2 0.7 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.1 0.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.2 0.2 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.5 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) –6.7 7.1 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book

2012

93


Greenland Population (thousands) 57 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

410 GDP ($ billions)

Highincome group

Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

1.3

26,020 .. 84.0 0.3

38,745 32,477 77.6 1.0

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

1 .. 101

37 24,483 106

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

0.0 .. 40.5 6 0 7 0 1.1

28.7 –0.1 12.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

209 1.9 .. 36.3 .. ..

28,570 –1.7 2.0 16.5 81,790 15,495

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

.. .. .. .. .. 10.2

4,856 4.2 9,064 61.6 11.6 11.9

Water and sanitation 10,662,187 Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) .. Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) .. Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) 100 Access to improved water source (% of total population) 100 Rural (% of rural population) 100 Urban (% of urban population) 100 Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) 100 Rural (% of rural population) 100 Urban (% of urban population)

8,305 9.4 41 100 98 100 100 99 100

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

.. .. .. ..

23 .. .. 6

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation .. 17.6 Gross savings (% of GNI) 14.4 13.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) .. 4.6 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 0.7 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.4 0.2 CO2 damage (% of GNI) .. 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) .. 7.1 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)

94

2012

The Little Green Data Book


Grenada Population (thousands) 104 Land area (sq. km)

340 GDP ($ millions) 773.3 Latin America & Country Caribbean data group

Upper middleincome group

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

6,960 .. 31.0 0.2

7,733 6,894 79.3 2.0

5,884 5,052 57.4 2.3

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

35 2,932 97

36 3,663 131

34 871 131

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

50.0 0.0 1.7 3 1 18 3 0.6

47.0 0.5 20.2

34.6 0.1 13.4

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

2.5 1.3 .. 0.02 150 1.4

13,464 –1.6 11.2 13.1 15,280 39,997

88,932 0.1 9.2 8.5 33,390 48,478

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

784 .. .. .. .. 2.4

1,245 17.0 1,892 37.8 55.5 2.8

1,848 8.3 2,714 72.6 21.6 5.3

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

.. .. .. .. .. 97 97 97 96

23,323 1.6 68 94 81 98 79 59 84

8,718 5.0 66 93 86 98 73 62 82

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

19 .. .. 11

30 .. .. 23

43 .. .. 20

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation –5.6 20.9 35.1 Gross savings (% of GNI) 12.3 12.1 11.6 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 3.8 4.7 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 3.8 4.8 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 1.6 1.3 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.0 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.2 0.3 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) .. 0.4 0.7 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) .. 7.4 19.1 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book

2012

95


Guam Population (thousands) 179 Land area (sq. km)

540 GDP ($ millions)

Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

..

Highincome group

.. .. 93.2 1.6

38,745 32,477 77.6 1.0

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

35 .. 111

37 24,483 106

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

48.1 0.0 26.4 2 14 8 3 0.2

28.7 –0.1 12.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

0.42 –2.4 –2.5 0.77 220 0.97

28,570 –1.7 2.0 16.5 81,790 15,495

.. .. .. .. .. ..

4,856 4.2 9,064 61.6 11.6 11.9

.. .. .. 100 100 100 99 98 99

8,305 9.4 41 100 98 100 100 99 100

.. .. .. ..

23 .. .. 6

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation .. 17.6 Gross savings (% of GNI) .. 13.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) .. 4.6 Education expenditure (% of GNI) .. 0.7 Energy depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.2 CO2 damage (% of GNI) .. 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) .. 7.1 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)

96

2012

The Little Green Data Book


Guatemala Population (millions)

14.4 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

107 GDP ($ billions) Latin America & Country Caribbean data group

41.2 Lower middleincome group

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

2,740 2,438 49.5 3.3

7,733 6,894 79.3 2.0

1,619 1,454 39.4 2.9

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

41 2,803 122

36 3,663 131

47 677 128

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

34.1 1.3 30.6 16 10 25 72 8.0

47.0 0.5 20.2

27.9 0.5 9.4

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

44.7 5.9 17.5 12.5 .. 177

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

701 52.1 548 42.7 23.3 0.9

1,245 17.0 1,892 37.8 55.5 2.8

665 26.9 644 73.7 16.9 1.5

7,781 2.6 55 92 87 98 78 70 87

23,323 1.6 68 94 81 98 79 59 84

3,227 12.6 88 87 83 93 47 34 66

68 .. .. 32

30 .. .. 23

58 9 11 69

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

13,464 38,888 –1.6 2.7 11.2 9.9 13.1 4.4 15,280 144,150 39,997 60,615

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 13.3 20.9 29.2 Gross savings (% of GNI) 10.5 12.1 9.8 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 2.9 4.7 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.5 3.8 6.0 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.6 1.6 1.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.7 0.0 0.3 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.3 0.3 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.2 0.4 0.7 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 3.4 7.4 13.8 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book

2012

97


Guinea Population (millions)

10.0 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

246 GDP ($ billions)

4.5

SubSaharan LowCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

400 329 35.4 3.9

1,176 946 37.4 4.0

528 472 28.3 3.7

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

58 242 107

45 322 130

38 288 133

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

26.6 0.5 6.8 22 13 65 22 2.3

28.0 0.6 11.7

27.6 0.6 10.7

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

110 4.7 16.2 0.0 .. 2,033

6,190 1.8 16.3 5.8 18,550 27,815

10,725 3.9 4.8 .. 15,120 25,817

.. .. .. .. .. 0.1

689 57.3 511 65.2 18.2 0.8

365 65.9 229 32.0 45.7 0.3

23,153 0.7 84 74 65 90 18 11 32

4,635 2.2 84 61 49 83 31 23 42

5,381 4.3 90 65 57 86 37 32 47

54 8 16 130

46 .. 15 121

56 .. 15 108

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 10.5 18.0 25.1 Gross savings (% of GNI) 8.2 10.9 7.7 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 2.3 3.6 3.0 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 9.4 1.3 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 12.0 1.9 1.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 2.3 0.5 1.2 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.3 0.5 0.3 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.6 0.5 0.4 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) –10.6 –2.1 15.9 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)

98

2012

The Little Green Data Book


Guinea-Bissau Population (millions)

1.5 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

28 GDP ($ millions) 878.5 SubSaharan LowCountry Africa income data group group

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

590 530 30.0 2.3

1,176 946 37.4 4.0

528 472 28.3 3.7

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

58 .. 98

45 322 130

38 288 133

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

71.9 0.5 16.1 12 5 32 4 0.6

28.0 0.6 11.7

27.6 0.6 10.7

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

6.8 1.2 .. 45.8 .. 2,982

6,190 1.8 16.3 5.8 18,550 27,815

10,725 3.9 4.8 .. 15,120 25,817

67 .. .. .. .. 0.2

689 57.3 511 65.2 18.2 0.8

365 65.9 229 32.0 45.7 0.3

10,781 0.6 82 64 53 91 20 9 44

4,635 2.2 84 61 49 83 31 23 42

5,381 4.3 90 65 57 86 37 32 47

45 .. .. 150

46 .. 15 121

56 .. 15 108

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation .. 18.0 25.1 Gross savings (% of GNI) 8.0 10.9 7.7 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 2.3 3.6 3.0 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 9.4 1.3 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 1.9 1.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.5 0.5 1.2 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.3 0.5 0.3 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.8 0.5 0.4 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) .. –2.1 15.9 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book

2012

99


Guyana Population (thousands) 755 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

197 GDP ($ billions) Latin America & Country Caribbean data group

2.2 Lower middleincome group

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

2,870 2,486 28.5 0.0

7,733 6,894 79.3 2.0

1,619 1,454 39.4 2.9

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

9 3,265 100

36 3,663 131

47 677 128

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

77.2 0.0 5.0 10 3 28 21 3.0

47.0 0.5 20.2

27.9 0.5 9.4

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

45.7 1.0 12.1 0.0 .. 396

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

667 .. .. .. .. 2.0

1,245 17.0 1,892 37.8 55.5 2.8

665 26.9 644 73.7 16.9 1.5

320,048 0.7 98 94 93 98 84 82 88

23,323 1.6 68 94 81 98 79 59 84

3,227 12.6 88 87 83 93 47 34 66

22 .. .. 30

30 .. .. 23

58 9 11 69

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

13,464 38,888 –1.6 2.7 11.2 9.9 13.1 4.4 15,280 144,150 39,997 60,615

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 15.1 20.9 29.2 Gross savings (% of GNI) 10.2 12.1 9.8 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 3.4 4.7 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 3.8 6.0 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 6.0 1.6 1.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 0.3 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.6 0.3 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.1 0.4 0.7 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 1.7 7.4 13.8 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)

100

2012

The Little Green Data Book


Haiti Population (millions)

10.0 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

28 GDP ($ billions)

6.7

Latin America & LowCountry Caribbean income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

670 600 49.6 4.5

7,733 6,894 79.3 2.0

528 472 28.3 3.7

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

67 .. 106

36 3,663 131

38 288 133

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

3.7 0.7 0.3 5 13 20 26 5.2

47.0 0.5 20.2

27.6 0.6 10.7

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

8.5 2.4 .. 0.0 450 136

13,464 –1.6 11.2 13.1 15,280 39,997

10,725 3.9 4.8 .. 15,120 25,817

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

263 71.2 36 71.3 28.7 0.3

1,245 17.0 1,892 37.8 55.5 2.8

365 65.9 229 32.0 45.7 0.3

1,319 8.6 78 69 51 85 17 10 24

23,323 1.6 68 94 81 98 79 59 84

5,381 4.3 90 65 57 86 37 32 47

33 28 24 165

30 .. .. 23

56 .. 15 108

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 23.2 20.9 25.1 Gross savings (% of GNI) 8.2 12.1 7.7 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 1.5 4.7 3.0 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 3.8 1.3 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 1.6 1.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.6 0.0 1.2 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.3 0.3 0.3 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.5 0.4 0.4 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 15.1 7.4 15.9 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book

2012

101


Honduras Population (millions)

7.6 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

112 GDP ($ billions) Latin America & Country Caribbean data group

15.4 Lower middleincome group

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

1,870 1,741 48.8 3.2

7,733 6,894 79.3 2.0

1,619 1,454 39.4 2.9

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

29 2,041 103

36 3,663 131

47 677 128

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

46.4 2.2 18.2 7 9 27 107 7.2

47.0 0.5 20.2

27.9 0.5 9.4

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

38.6 –1.9 11.0 1.9 810 628

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

592 44.3 678 54.9 42.5 1.2

1,245 17.0 1,892 37.8 55.5 2.8

665 26.9 644 73.7 16.9 1.5

12,877 1.2 58 87 79 95 77 69 85

23,323 1.6 68 94 81 98 79 59 84

3,227 12.6 88 87 83 93 47 34 66

34 17 16 24

30 .. .. 23

58 9 11 69

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

13,464 38,888 –1.6 2.7 11.2 9.9 13.1 4.4 15,280 144,150 39,997 60,615

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 16.9 20.9 29.2 Gross savings (% of GNI) 10.1 12.1 9.8 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 3.5 4.7 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 3.8 6.0 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.5 1.6 1.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 0.3 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.4 0.3 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.2 0.4 0.7 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 9.2 7.4 13.8 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)

102

2012

The Little Green Data Book


Hong Kong SAR, China Population (millions)

7.1 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

1.0 GDP ($ billions)

Highincome group

Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

224.5

32,780 28,134 100.0 1.1

38,745 32,477 77.6 1.0

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

.. .. ..

37 24,483 106

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

.. .. 41.8 2 20 13 6 ..

28.7 –0.1 12.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

172 –1.4 –4.2 .. .. ..

28,570 –1.7 2.0 16.5 81,790 15,495

2,133 0.4 5,925 100.0 0.0 5.5

4,856 4.2 9,064 61.6 11.6 11.9

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

8,305 9.4 41 100 98 100 100 99 100

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

.. .. .. ..

23 .. .. 6

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 29.3 17.6 Gross savings (% of GNI) 13.2 13.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 3.1 4.6 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 0.7 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.1 0.2 CO2 damage (% of GNI) .. 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) .. 7.1 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book

2012

103


Hungary Population (millions)

10.0 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

91 GDP ($ billions)

Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

128.6 Highincome group

12,860 10,602 68.3 0.0

38,745 32,477 77.6 1.0

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

64 8,522 94

37 24,483 106

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

22.4 –0.6 5.1 2 8 9 8 0.2

28.7 –0.1 12.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

20.5 –4.7 –1.1 .. .. ..

28,570 –1.7 2.0 16.5 81,790 15,495

2,480 7.1 3,773 48.7 0.6 5.4

4,856 4.2 9,064 61.6 11.6 11.9

599 5.4 6 100 100 100 100 100 100

8,305 9.4 41 100 98 100 100 99 100

15 .. .. 6

23 .. .. 6

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 21.5 17.6 Gross savings (% of GNI) 12.9 13.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 5.2 4.6 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.5 0.7 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.3 0.2 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.0 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 12.9 7.1 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)

104

2012

The Little Green Data Book


Iceland Population (thousands) 318 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

100 GDP ($ billions)

Highincome group

Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

12.6

32,640 25,909 92.3 1.2

38,745 32,477 77.6 1.0

Agriculture 23 Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) 56,880 104 Food production index (2004–2006=100)

37 24,483 106

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

0.3 –6.2 19.7 5 0 12 0 0.7

28.7 –0.1 12.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

1,066 –1.7 2.9 3.9 .. ..

28,570 –1.7 2.0 16.5 81,790 15,495

16,405 0.0 51,259 0.0 72.9 7.0

4,856 4.2 9,064 61.6 11.6 11.9

533,754 0.1 42 100 100 100 100 100 100

8,305 9.4 41 100 98 100 100 99 100

16 .. .. 2

23 .. .. 6

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 2.0 17.6 Gross savings (% of GNI) 17.4 13.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 8.9 4.6 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 0.7 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.2 0.2 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.0 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) –6.7 7.1 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book

2012

105


India Population (millions) 1,224.6 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

2,973 GDP ($ billions) 1,727.1

Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

South Asia group

Lower middleincome group

1,270 1,207 30.1 2.5

1,176 1,111 30.1 2.7

1,619 1,454 39.4 2.9

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

61 489 114

55 521 123

47 677 128

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

23.0 –0.3 5.0 94 78 212 291 39.9

17.1 –0.1 5.9

27.9 0.5 9.4

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

9,348 2.7 7.9 1.7 5,790 4,326

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

13,567 38,888 2.9 2.7 8.4 9.9 1.7 4.4 15,440 144,150 10,343 60,615

560 24.5 571 83.8 11.9 1.5

514 26.8 517 81.6 13.6 1.2

665 26.9 644 73.7 16.9 1.5

1,197 39.8 90 92 90 97 34 23 58

1,236 33.4 91 90 88 95 38 28 60

3,227 12.6 88 87 83 93 47 34 66

57 9 9 63

68 10 11 67

58 9 11 69

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 34.0 32.7 29.2 Gross savings (% of GNI) 9.3 9.2 9.8 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 3.1 2.9 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 2.5 2.3 6.0 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 1.3 1.1 1.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.5 0.6 0.3 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.9 0.8 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.7 0.7 0.7 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 21.8 20.9 13.8 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)

106

2012

The Little Green Data Book


Indonesia Population (millions) 239.9 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

1,812 GDP ($ billions)

706.6

Lower East Asia middleCountry & Pacific income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

2,500 2,372 53.7 4.1

3,696 3,264 45.9 3.3

1,619 1,454 39.4 2.9

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

30 730 120

49 585 135

47 677 128

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

52.1 1.1 14.1 184 119 140 385 81.0

29.6 –0.1 15.0

27.9 0.5 9.4

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km) Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

11,600 96,136 38,888 3.9 3.5 2.7 12.4 9.3 9.9 2.0 1.4 4.4 51,020 137,690 144,150 31,894 56,537 60,615 851 26.0 590 86.7 7.3 1.7

1,436 11.8 2,095 80.3 16.2 4.3

665 26.9 644 73.7 16.9 1.5

8,504 5.6 82 82 74 92 54 39 73

4,506 9.9 73 90 84 97 66 57 76

3,227 12.6 88 87 83 93 47 34 66

68 .. 14 35

56 .. .. 24

58 9 11 69

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 32.9 48.4 29.2 Gross savings (% of GNI) 10.5 10.7 9.8 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 4.3 2.2 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 5.3 3.8 6.0 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 1.3 1.3 1.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 0.3 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.5 1.0 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.8 1.1 0.7 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 18.8 32.6 13.8 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book

2012

107


Iran, Islamic Rep. Population (millions)

74.0 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

1,629 GDP ($ billions)

331.0

Middle Upper East & middleCountry N. Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

4,520 3,110 69.5 2.5

3,874 3,091 58.0 2.5

5,884 5,052 57.4 2.3

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

30 3,104 104

23 2,627 132

34 871 131

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

6.8 0.0 7.1 16 20 29 1 7.3

2.4 –0.1 3.9

34.6 0.1 13.4

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

664 3.1 11.0 1.7 700 192

3,614 2.9 13.4 2.0 5,700 217

88,932 0.1 9.2 8.5 33,390 48,478

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

2,951 0.2 2,238 96.3 3.6 7.4

1,399 0.9 1,497 93.4 4.9 3.8

1,848 8.3 2,714 72.6 21.6 5.3

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

1,757 67.7 92 96 92 97 100 100 100

695 70.0 86 89 81 94 88 80 94

8,718 5.0 66 93 86 98 73 62 82

55 .. .. 26

66 .. .. 34

43 .. .. 20

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation .. 19.2 35.1 Gross savings (% of GNI) 10.9 10.7 11.6 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 4.1 4.3 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 19.2 12.4 4.8 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.6 0.4 1.3 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.1 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 1.2 0.7 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.8 0.9 0.7 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) .. –1.6 19.1 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)

108

2012

The Little Green Data Book


Iraq Population (millions)

32.0 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

434 GDP ($ billions)

82.2

Middle Lower East & middleCountry N. Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

2,340 1,061 66.4 2.6

3,874 3,091 58.0 2.5

1,619 1,454 39.4 2.9

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

20 .. 92

23 2,627 132

47 677 128

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

1.9 –0.1 0.1 13 16 11 0 1.6

2.4 –0.1 3.9

27.9 0.5 9.4

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

46.0 0.6 13.6 0.0 .. ..

3,614 38,888 2.9 2.7 13.4 9.9 2.0 4.4 5,700 144,150 217 60,615

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

1,035 0.1 1,069 93.0 7.0 3.4

1,399 0.9 1,497 93.4 4.9 3.8

665 26.9 644 73.7 16.9 1.5

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

1,132 87.3 79 79 56 91 73 67 76

695 70.0 86 89 81 94 88 80 94

3,227 12.6 88 87 83 93 47 34 66

110 .. .. 39

66 .. .. 34

58 9 11 69

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation .. 19.2 29.2 Gross savings (% of GNI) 10.6 10.7 9.8 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) .. 4.3 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 45.7 12.4 6.0 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.4 1.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.1 0.3 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 1.1 0.7 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 4.0 0.9 0.7 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) .. –1.6 13.8 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book

2012

109


Ireland Population (millions)

4.5 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

69 GDP ($ billions)

Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

206.6 Highincome group

41,820 31,739 61.9 1.6

38,745 32,477 77.6 1.0

Agriculture 61 Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) 13,931 91 Food production index (2004–2006=100)

37 24,483 106

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

10.7 –2.3 1.8 5 1 20 1 0.6

28.7 –0.1 12.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

365 2.0 2.8 0.18 .. ..

28,570 –1.7 2.0 16.5 81,790 15,495

3,216 2.2 6,034 76.1 3.2 9.9

4,856 4.2 9,064 61.6 11.6 11.9

10,989 .. .. 100 100 100 99 98 100

8,305 9.4 41 100 98 100 100 99 100

12 .. .. 4

23 .. .. 6

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 14.8 17.6 Gross savings (% of GNI) 16.9 13.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 5.9 4.6 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 0.7 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.1 0.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.2 0.2 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.0 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 3.5 7.1 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)

110

2012

The Little Green Data Book


Isle of Man Population (thousands) 83 Land area (sq. km)

570 GDP ($ billions)

Highincome group

Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

4.1

48,910 .. 50.6 0.7

38,745 32,477 77.6 1.0

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

74 .. ..

37 24,483 106

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

5.3 0.0 .. 0 0 2 0 0.0

28.7 –0.1 12.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

4.8 0.8 .. .. .. ..

28,570 –1.7 2.0 16.5 81,790 15,495

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

.. .. .. .. .. ..

4,856 4.2 9,064 61.6 11.6 11.9

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

8,305 9.4 41 100 98 100 100 99 100

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

.. .. .. ..

23 .. .. 6

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation .. 17.6 Gross savings (% of GNI) 13.6 13.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) .. 4.6 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 0.7 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.2 CO2 damage (% of GNI) .. 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) .. 7.1 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book

2012

111


Israel Population (millions)

7.6 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

22 GDP ($ billions)

Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

217.3 Highincome group

27,180 23,730 91.7 2.5

38,745 32,477 77.6 1.0

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

24 .. 104

37 24,483 106

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

7.1 –0.8 17.8 15 13 36 0 0.8

28.7 –0.1 12.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

22.2 –6.0 1.5 0.45 <10 ..

28,570 –1.7 2.0 16.5 81,790 15,495

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

2,878 0.1 6,608 99.3 0.0 5.2

4,856 4.2 9,064 61.6 11.6 11.9

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

100 101.9 58 100 100 100 100 100 100

8,305 9.4 41 100 98 100 100 99 100

23 .. .. 5

23 .. .. 6

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 18.9 17.6 Gross savings (% of GNI) 13.8 13.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 5.7 4.6 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.1 0.7 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.1 0.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.2 0.2 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.1 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 10.3 7.1 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)

112

2012

The Little Green Data Book


Italy Population (millions)

60.5 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

294 GDP ($ billions) 2,061.0 Highincome group

Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

35,700 29,246 68.4 0.4

38,745 32,477 77.6 1.0

Agriculture 47 Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) 31,254 97 Food production index (2004–2006=100)

37 24,483 106

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

31.1 –0.9 15.1 7 7 47 61 3.8

28.7 –0.1 12.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

388 –2.3 0.0 17.4 .. ..

28,570 –1.7 2.0 16.5 81,790 15,495

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

2,735 4.3 5,271 75.1 17.0 7.4

4,856 4.2 9,064 61.6 11.6 11.9

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

3,032 23.7 44 100 100 100 .. .. ..

8,305 9.4 41 100 98 100 100 99 100

21 .. .. 4

23 .. .. 6

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 17.1 17.6 Gross savings (% of GNI) 13.7 13.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 4.4 4.6 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.1 0.7 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.2 0.2 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.1 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 7.5 7.1 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book

2012

113


Jamaica Population (millions)

2.7 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

11 GDP ($ billions) Latin America & Country Caribbean data group

14.3 Upper middleincome group

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

4,800 4,409 53.7 1.0

7,733 6,894 79.3 2.0

5,884 5,052 57.4 2.3

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

41 2,758 106

36 3,663 131

34 871 131

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

31.1 0.1 18.9 5 10 21 206 4.4

47.0 0.5 20.2

34.6 0.1 13.4

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

19.5 0.6 0.9 4.2 1,240 97.5

13,464 –1.6 11.2 13.1 15,280 39,997

88,932 0.1 9.2 8.5 33,390 48,478

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

1,208 15.9 1,902 96.4 2.0 4.5

1,245 17.0 1,892 37.8 55.5 2.8

1,848 8.3 2,714 72.6 21.6 5.3

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

3,489 6.2 34 93 88 98 80 82 78

23,323 1.6 68 94 81 98 79 59 84

8,718 5.0 66 93 86 98 73 62 82

29 .. .. 24

30 .. .. 23

43 .. .. 20

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 12.9 20.9 35.1 Gross savings (% of GNI) 11.6 12.1 11.6 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 5.8 4.7 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 3.8 4.8 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.6 1.6 1.3 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.6 0.3 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.2 0.4 0.7 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 5.6 7.4 19.1 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)

114

2012

The Little Green Data Book


Japan Population (millions) 127.5 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

365 GDP ($ billions) 5,458.8 Highincome group

Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

41,850 37,986 66.8 0.4

38,745 32,477 77.6 1.0

Agriculture 13 Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) 48,794 98 Food production index (2004–2006=100)

37 24,483 106

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

68.5 0.0 16.5 28 39 64 6 36.0

28.7 –0.1 12.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

5,195 –4.2 –0.9 5.5 2,900 7.4

28,570 –1.7 2.0 16.5 81,790 15,495

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

3,700 1.4 7,819 61.4 7.2 9.5

4,856 4.2 9,064 61.6 11.6 11.9

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

3,371 20.9 63 100 100 100 100 100 100

8,305 9.4 41 100 98 100 100 99 100

25 .. .. 3

23 .. .. 6

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 23.2 17.6 Gross savings (% of GNI) 13.6 13.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 3.2 4.6 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 0.7 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.2 0.2 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.3 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 12.3 7.1 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book

2012

115


Jordan Population (millions)

6.0 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

89 GDP ($ billions)

27.6

Middle Upper East & middleCountry N. Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

4,340 4,060 78.5 3.6

3,874 3,091 58.0 2.5

5,884 5,052 57.4 2.3

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

12 3,401 110

23 2,627 132

34 871 131

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

1.1 0.0 1.9 13 10 13 1 0.4

2.4 –0.1 3.9

34.6 0.1 13.4

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

1.0 1.6 11.6 30.0 <50 ..

3,614 2.9 13.4 2.0 5,700 217

88,932 0.1 9.2 8.5 33,390 48,478

1,260 0.1 2,112 99.5 0.4 3.7

1,399 0.9 1,497 93.4 4.9 3.8

1,848 8.3 2,714 72.6 21.6 5.3

115 99.4 65 97 92 98 98 98 98

695 70.0 86 89 81 94 88 80 94

8,718 5.0 66 93 86 98 73 62 82

29 1 16 22

66 .. .. 34

43 .. .. 20

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 9.1 19.2 35.1 Gross savings (% of GNI) 10.8 10.7 11.6 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 5.6 4.3 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.1 12.4 4.8 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.9 0.4 1.3 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.1 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.7 0.7 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.2 0.9 0.7 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 2.0 –1.6 19.1 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)

116

2012

The Little Green Data Book


Kazakhstan Population (millions)

16.3 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

2,700 GDP ($ billions)

149.1

Europe & Upper Central middleCountry Asia income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

7,580 5,108 58.5 0.2

7,272 5,727 64.1 0.3

5,884 5,052 57.4 2.3

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

77 1,782 126

28 3,204 126

34 871 131

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

1.2 0.2 2.5 16 20 14 16 5.1

38.6 0.0 7.5

34.6 0.1 13.4

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

43.2 –2.9 –17.1 .. .. ..

5,573 –3.1 –0.9 10.4 .. ..

88,932 0.1 9.2 8.5 33,390 48,478

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

4,091 0.2 4,448 91.3 8.7 15.1

2,831 1.9 3,859 65.4 18.0 7.8

1,848 8.3 2,714 72.6 21.6 5.3

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

4,686 28.9 87 95 90 99 97 98 97

12,885 5.0 63 96 91 99 84 80 87

8,718 5.0 66 93 86 98 73 62 82

17 .. .. 33

23 .. .. 23

43 .. .. 20

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 31.6 23.9 35.1 Gross savings (% of GNI) 13.3 12.2 11.6 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 4.4 3.6 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 21.6 8.6 4.8 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 1.8 0.8 1.3 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 1.4 0.8 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.2 0.4 0.7 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) –2.3 4.8 19.1 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book

2012

117


Kenya Population (millions)

40.5 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

569 GDP ($ billions)

31.4

SubSaharan LowCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

790 706 22.2 3.7

1,176 946 37.4 4.0

528 472 28.3 3.7

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

48 337 110

45 322 130

38 288 133

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

6.1 0.3 11.8 28 31 68 126 8.8

28.0 0.6 11.7

27.6 0.6 10.7

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

155 –1.7 12.1 10.5 630 610

6,190 1.8 16.3 5.8 18,550 27,815

10,725 3.9 4.8 .. 15,120 25,817

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

474 76.0 147 44.1 31.6 0.3

689 57.3 511 65.2 18.2 0.8

365 65.9 229 32.0 45.7 0.3

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

525 8.9 79 59 52 82 32 32 32

4,635 2.2 84 61 49 83 31 23 42

5,381 4.3 90 65 57 86 37 32 47

30 8 17 85

46 .. 15 121

56 .. 15 108

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 15.6 18.0 25.1 Gross savings (% of GNI) 7.3 10.9 7.7 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 5.9 3.6 3.0 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 9.4 1.3 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.1 1.9 1.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 1.1 0.5 1.2 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.3 0.5 0.3 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.1 0.5 0.4 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 13.1 –2.1 15.9 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)

118

2012

The Little Green Data Book


Kiribati Population (thousands) 100 Land area (sq. km)

810 GDP ($ millions) 151.2 Lower East Asia middleCountry & Pacific income data group group

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

2,000 .. 44.0 2.8

3,696 3,264 45.9 3.3

1,619 1,454 39.4 2.9

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

42 1,463 104

49 585 135

47 677 128

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

14.8 0.0 23.2 1 6 10 0 1.1

29.6 –0.1 15.0

27.9 0.5 9.4

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km) Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

49.4 96,136 38,888 2.6 3.5 2.7 –0.4 9.3 9.9 22.6 1.4 4.4 2,940 137,690 144,150 2.6 56,537 60,615 116 .. .. .. .. 0.3

1,436 11.8 2,095 80.3 16.2 4.3

665 26.9 644 73.7 16.9 1.5

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

.. .. .. 63 53 77 34 22 49

4,506 9.9 73 90 84 97 66 57 76

3,227 12.6 88 87 83 93 47 34 66

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

.. .. .. 49

56 .. .. 24

58 9 11 69

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation .. 48.4 29.2 Gross savings (% of GNI) 6.5 10.7 9.8 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) .. 2.2 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 3.8 6.0 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 1.3 1.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.0 0.3 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.1 1.0 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) .. 1.1 0.7 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) .. 32.6 13.8 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book

2012

119


Korea, Dem. Rep. Population (millions)

24.3 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

120 GDP ($ billions)

..

East Asia LowCountry & Pacific income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

.. .. 63.4 1.4

3,696 3,264 45.9 3.3

528 472 28.3 3.7

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

24 .. 100

49 585 135

38 288 133

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

47.1 1.8 5.9 9 24 13 5 0.7

29.6 –0.1 15.0

27.6 0.6 10.7

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

713 96,136 –4.1 3.5 –2.8 9.3 0.11 1.4 .. 137,690 .. 56,537

10,725 3.9 4.8 .. 15,120 25,817

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

795 5.4 733 40.9 59.1 3.2

1,436 11.8 2,095 80.3 16.2 4.3

365 65.9 229 32.0 45.7 0.3

2,764 11.2 76 98 97 99 80 71 86

4,506 9.9 73 90 84 97 66 57 76

5,381 4.3 90 65 57 86 37 32 47

56 .. .. 33

56 .. .. 24

56 .. 15 108

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation .. 48.4 25.1 Gross savings (% of GNI) .. 10.7 7.7 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) .. 2.2 3.0 Education expenditure (% of GNI) .. 3.8 1.3 Energy depletion (% of GNI) .. 1.3 1.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.0 1.2 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) .. 1.0 0.3 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.8 1.1 0.4 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) .. 32.6 15.9 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)

120

2012

The Little Green Data Book


Korea, Rep. Population (millions)

48.9 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

97 GDP ($ billions) 1,014.5 Highincome group

Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

19,890 18,077 81.9 1.2

38,745 32,477 77.6 1.0

Agriculture 19 Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) 19,807 108 Food production index (2004–2006=100)

37 24,483 106

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

64.1 0.1 2.4 9 29 19 3 1.7

28.7 –0.1 12.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

3,110 –1.7 2.8 3.9 .. ..

28,570 –1.7 2.0 16.5 81,790 15,495

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

4,701 1.3 8,980 66.2 0.6 10.5

4,856 4.2 9,064 61.6 11.6 11.9

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

1,330 36.5 62 98 88 100 100 100 100

8,305 9.4 41 100 98 100 100 99 100

33 .. .. 5

23 .. .. 6

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 31.6 17.6 Gross savings (% of GNI) 12.9 13.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 4.3 4.6 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 0.7 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.4 0.2 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.5 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 22.1 7.1 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book

2012

121


Kosovo Population (millions)

1.8 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

11 GDP ($ billions)

5.6

Europe & Lower Central middleCountry Asia income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

3,290 .. .. ..

7,272 5,727 64.1 0.3

1,619 1,454 39.4 2.9

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

52 .. ..

28 3,204 126

47 677 128

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

38.6 0.0 7.5

27.9 0.5 9.4

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

.. .. .. .. .. ..

5,573 38,888 –3.1 2.7 –0.9 9.9 10.4 4.4 .. 144,150 .. 60,615

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

.. .. .. .. .. ..

2,831 1.9 3,859 65.4 18.0 7.8

665 26.9 644 73.7 16.9 1.5

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

12,885 5.0 63 96 91 99 84 80 87

3,227 12.6 88 87 83 93 47 34 66

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

.. .. .. ..

23 .. .. 23

58 9 11 69

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation .. 23.9 29.2 Gross savings (% of GNI) 10.0 12.2 9.8 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) .. 3.6 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 8.6 6.0 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.9 0.8 1.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.0 0.3 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.8 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) .. 0.4 0.7 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) .. 4.8 13.8 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)

122

2012

The Little Green Data Book


Kuwait Population (millions)

2.7 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

18 GDP ($ billions)

Highincome group

Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

109.5

47,790 29,967 98.4 1.4

38,745 32,477 77.6 1.0

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

8 .. 110

37 24,483 106

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

0.3 –3.5 1.6 6 8 11 0 0.1

28.7 –0.1 12.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

4.4 –0.5 .. 0.01 110 0.05

28,570 –1.7 2.0 16.5 81,790 15,495

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

11,402 0.0 17,610 100.0 0.0 30.1

4,856 4.2 9,064 61.6 11.6 11.9

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

0 2,465.0 54 99 99 99 100 100 100

8,305 9.4 41 100 98 100 100 99 100

95 .. .. 11

23 .. .. 6

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 54.9 17.6 Gross savings (% of GNI) 7.2 13.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 3.2 4.6 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 25.1 0.7 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.5 0.2 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.5 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 14.9 7.1 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book

2012

123


Kyrgyz Republic Population (millions)

5.4 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

192 GDP ($ billions)

4.6

Europe & Central LowCountry Asia income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

830 658 36.6 0.9

7,272 5,727 64.1 0.3

528 472 28.3 3.7

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

55 996 101

28 3,204 126

38 288 133

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

5.0 –0.7 6.9 6 12 3 14 1.1

38.6 0.0 7.5

27.6 0.6 10.7

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

0.35 –11.7 –5.5 .. .. ..

5,573 –3.1 –0.9 10.4 .. ..

10,725 3.9 4.8 .. 15,120 25,817

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

559 0.1 1,386 10.7 89.3 1.2

2,831 1.9 3,859 65.4 18.0 7.8

365 65.9 229 32.0 45.7 0.3

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

9,093 43.7 94 90 85 99 93 93 94

12,885 5.0 63 96 91 99 84 80 87

5,381 4.3 90 65 57 86 37 32 47

35 .. .. 38

23 .. .. 23

56 .. 15 108

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 21.3 23.9 25.1 Gross savings (% of GNI) 9.2 12.2 7.7 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 6.0 3.6 3.0 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.7 8.6 1.3 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 6.2 0.8 1.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 1.2 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 1.1 0.8 0.3 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.5 0.4 0.4 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 9.5 4.8 15.9 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)

124

2012

The Little Green Data Book


Lao PDR Population (millions)

6.2 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

231 GDP ($ billions)

7.3

Lower East Asia middleCountry & Pacific income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

1,050 926 33.2 5.8

3,696 3,264 45.9 3.3

1,619 1,454 39.4 2.9

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

10 532 125

49 585 135

47 677 128

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

68.2 0.5 16.6 45 23 46 17 5.0

29.6 –0.1 15.0

27.9 0.5 9.4

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

113 96,136 38,888 2.7 3.5 2.7 11.1 9.3 9.9 .. 1.4 4.4 .. 137,690 144,150 .. 56,537 60,615

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

.. .. .. .. .. 0.3

1,436 11.8 2,095 80.3 16.2 4.3

665 26.9 644 73.7 16.9 1.5

31,151 1.3 93 67 62 77 63 50 89

4,506 9.9 73 90 84 97 66 57 76

3,227 12.6 88 87 83 93 47 34 66

45 .. .. 54

56 .. .. 24

58 9 11 69

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 20.5 48.4 29.2 Gross savings (% of GNI) 9.4 10.7 9.8 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 1.1 2.2 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 3.8 6.0 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 8.3 1.3 1.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 0.3 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.2 1.0 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.8 1.1 0.7 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 2.9 32.6 13.8 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book

2012

125


Latvia Population (millions)

2.2 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

62 GDP ($ billions)

24.0

Europe & Upper Central middleCountry Asia income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

11,640 8,761 68.2 –0.9

7,272 5,727 64.1 0.3

5,884 5,052 57.4 2.3

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

29 3,837 118

28 3,204 126

34 871 131

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

53.9 –0.3 18.0 1 4 6 0 0.0

38.6 0.0 7.5

34.6 0.1 13.4

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

165 –5.0 –6.8 6.7 .. ..

5,573 –3.1 –0.9 10.4 .. ..

88,932 0.1 9.2 8.5 33,390 48,478

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

1,871 30.0 2,875 36.1 62.1 3.3

2,831 1.9 3,859 65.4 18.0 7.8

1,848 8.3 2,714 72.6 21.6 5.3

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

7,424 1.2 12 99 96 100 78 71 82

12,885 5.0 63 96 91 99 84 80 87

8,718 5.0 66 93 86 98 73 62 82

12 .. .. 10

23 .. .. 23

43 .. .. 20

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 23.7 23.9 35.1 Gross savings (% of GNI) 18.0 12.2 11.6 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 5.6 3.6 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 8.6 4.8 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.8 1.3 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.5 0.0 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.2 0.8 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.0 0.4 0.7 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 10.5 4.8 19.1 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)

126

2012

The Little Green Data Book


Lebanon Population (millions)

4.2 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

10 GDP ($ billions)

39.0

Middle Upper East & middleCountry N. Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

8,880 8,148 87.2 2.0

3,874 3,091 58.0 2.5

5,884 5,052 57.4 2.3

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

67 41,013 104

23 2,627 132

34 871 131

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

13.4 –0.2 0.5 10 8 22 1 0.2

2.4 –0.1 3.9

34.6 0.1 13.4

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

4.6 5.1 12.2 0.11 .. ..

3,614 2.9 13.4 2.0 5,700 217

88,932 0.1 9.2 8.5 33,390 48,478

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

1,580 1.8 3,130 95.5 4.5 4.1

1,399 0.9 1,497 93.4 4.9 3.8

1,848 8.3 2,714 72.6 21.6 5.3

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

1,144 28.1 60 100 100 100 98 87 100

695 70.0 86 89 81 94 88 80 94

8,718 5.0 66 93 86 98 73 62 82

28 .. .. 22

66 .. .. 34

43 .. .. 20

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 12.0 19.2 35.1 Gross savings (% of GNI) 11.8 10.7 11.6 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 1.6 4.3 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 12.4 4.8 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.4 1.3 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.1 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.4 0.7 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.2 0.9 0.7 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 1.2 –1.6 19.1 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book

2012

127


Lesotho Population (millions)

2.2 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

30 GDP ($ billions)

2.1

SubLower Saharan middleCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

1,040 1,078 26.9 4.7

1,176 946 37.4 4.0

1,619 1,454 39.4 2.9

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

77 202 100

45 322 130

47 677 128

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

1.4 –0.5 0.5 2 7 1 4 0.3

28.0 0.6 11.7

27.9 0.5 9.4

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

0.35 7.8 14.5 .. .. ..

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

6,190 38,888 1.8 2.7 16.3 9.9 5.8 4.4 18,550 144,150 27,815 60,615

9 .. .. .. .. ..

689 57.3 511 65.2 18.2 0.8

665 26.9 644 73.7 16.9 1.5

2,433 1.7 20 78 73 91 26 24 32

4,635 2.2 84 61 49 83 31 23 42

3,227 12.6 88 87 83 93 47 34 66

43 .. .. 85

46 .. 15 121

58 9 11 69

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 27.4 18.0 29.2 Gross savings (% of GNI) 7.3 10.9 9.8 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 9.8 3.6 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 9.4 6.0 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 1.9 1.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 1.0 0.5 0.3 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.5 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.1 0.5 0.7 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) .. –2.1 13.8 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)

128

2012

The Little Green Data Book


Liberia Population (millions)

4.0 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

96 GDP ($ millions) 986.2 SubSaharan LowCountry Africa income data group group

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

200 172 61.5 4.7

1,176 946 37.4 4.0

528 472 28.3 3.7

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

27 .. 121

45 322 130

38 288 133

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

44.9 0.6 1.8 18 11 53 47 2.6

28.0 0.6 11.7

27.6 0.6 10.7

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

8.0 1.1 .. 0.0 .. 109

6,190 1.8 16.3 5.8 18,550 27,815

10,725 3.9 4.8 .. 15,120 25,817

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

.. .. .. .. .. 0.2

689 57.3 511 65.2 18.2 0.8

365 65.9 229 32.0 45.7 0.3

52,139 0.1 34 73 60 88 18 7 29

4,635 2.2 84 61 49 83 31 23 42

5,381 4.3 90 65 57 86 37 32 47

31 9 20 103

46 .. 15 121

56 .. 15 108

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation –2.7 18.0 25.1 Gross savings (% of GNI) 8.4 10.9 7.7 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 3.1 3.6 3.0 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 9.4 1.3 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 1.7 1.9 1.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 4.7 0.5 1.2 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.8 0.5 0.3 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.4 0.5 0.4 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) –14.0 –2.1 15.9 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book

2012

129


Libya Population (millions)

6.4 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

1,760 GDP ($ billions)

62.4

Middle Upper East & middleCountry N. Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

12,320 5,843 77.9 2.1

3,874 3,091 58.0 2.5

5,884 5,052 57.4 2.3

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

9 .. 104

23 2,627 132

34 871 131

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

0.1 0.0 0.1 12 3 24 2 1.6

2.4 –0.1 3.9

34.6 0.1 13.4

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

50.2 3.6 6.4 0.05 .. ..

3,614 2.9 13.4 2.0 5,700 217

88,932 0.1 9.2 8.5 33,390 48,478

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

3,258 0.8 4,170 100.0 0.0 9.5

1,399 0.9 1,497 93.4 4.9 3.8

1,848 8.3 2,714 72.6 21.6 5.3

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

96 718.0 83 .. .. .. 97 96 97

695 70.0 86 89 81 94 88 80 94

8,718 5.0 66 93 86 98 73 62 82

81 .. .. 17

66 .. .. 34

43 .. .. 20

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 66.8 19.2 35.1 Gross savings (% of GNI) 12.0 10.7 11.6 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) .. 4.3 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 29.0 12.4 4.8 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.4 1.3 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.1 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.7 0.7 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 1.8 0.9 0.7 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) .. –1.6 19.1 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)

130

2012

The Little Green Data Book


Liechtenstein Population (thousands) 36 Land area (sq. km)

160 GDP ($ billions)

Highincome group

Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

4.8

137,070 .. 14.2 0.2

38,745 32,477 77.6 1.0

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

38 .. 98

37 24,483 106

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

43.8 0.0 42.4 0 0 0 0 0.0

28.7 –0.1 12.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

.. .. .. .. .. ..

28,570 –1.7 2.0 16.5 81,790 15,495

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

.. .. .. .. .. ..

4,856 4.2 9,064 61.6 11.6 11.9

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

8,305 9.4 41 100 98 100 100 99 100

15 .. .. 2

23 .. .. 6

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation .. 17.6 Gross savings (% of GNI) 15.5 13.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 2.4 4.6 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 0.7 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.2 CO2 damage (% of GNI) .. 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) .. 7.1 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book

2012

131


Lithuania Population (millions)

3.3 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

63 GDP ($ billions)

36.3

Europe & Upper Central middleCountry Asia income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

11,510 9,465 67.2 –0.6

7,272 5,727 64.1 0.3

5,884 5,052 57.4 2.3

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

43 5,996 110

28 3,204 126

34 871 131

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

34.5 –0.5 14.5 3 4 6 0 0.0

38.6 0.0 7.5

34.6 0.1 13.4

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

153 –3.9 –1.9 10.7 .. ..

5,573 –3.1 –0.9 10.4 .. ..

88,932 0.1 9.2 8.5 33,390 48,478

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

2,512 9.8 3,431 19.4 2.9 4.5

2,831 1.9 3,859 65.4 18.0 7.8

1,848 8.3 2,714 72.6 21.6 5.3

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

4,659 9.6 3 92 81 98 86 69 95

12,885 5.0 63 96 91 99 84 80 87

8,718 5.0 66 93 86 98 73 62 82

15 .. .. 7

23 .. .. 23

43 .. .. 20

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 18.8 23.9 35.1 Gross savings (% of GNI) 12.3 12.2 11.6 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 4.7 3.6 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.1 8.6 4.8 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.8 1.3 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.5 0.0 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.3 0.8 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.1 0.4 0.7 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 10.4 4.8 19.1 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)

132

2012

The Little Green Data Book


Luxembourg Population (thousands) 507 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

2.6 GDP ($ billions)

Highincome group

Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

53.3

76,980 58,874 82.2 1.5

38,745 32,477 77.6 1.0

Agriculture 51 Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) 25,881 105 Food production index (2004–2006=100)

37 24,483 106

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

33.6 –0.1 20.0 0 1 1 0 0.0

28.7 –0.1 12.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

.. .. .. .. .. ..

28,570 –1.7 2.0 16.5 81,790 15,495

7,934 3.3 14,424 90.2 3.4 21.5

4,856 4.2 9,064 61.6 11.6 11.9

2,009 1.9 0 100 100 100 100 100 100

8,305 9.4 41 100 98 100 100 99 100

13 .. .. 3

23 .. .. 6

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 27.1 17.6 Gross savings (% of GNI) 21.3 13.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 3.5 4.6 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 0.7 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.2 0.2 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.0 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 9.1 7.1 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book

2012

133


Macao SAR, China Population (thousands) 544 Land area (sq. km)

28 GDP ($ billions)

Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

28.0 Highincome group

34,880 .. 100.0 2.1

38,745 32,477 77.6 1.0

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

.. .. ..

37 24,483 106

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

.. .. .. 0 4 5 0 ..

28.7 –0.1 12.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

1.5 –2.7 .. .. .. ..

28,570 –1.7 2.0 16.5 81,790 15,495

.. .. .. .. .. 2.6

4,856 4.2 9,064 61.6 11.6 11.9

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

8,305 9.4 41 100 98 100 100 99 100

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

.. .. .. ..

23 .. .. 6

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 54.2 17.6 Gross savings (% of GNI) 2.4 13.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 2.8 4.6 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 0.7 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.1 0.2 CO2 damage (% of GNI) .. 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) .. 7.1 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)

134

2012

The Little Green Data Book


Macedonia, FYR Population (millions)

2.1 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

25 GDP ($ billions)

9.2

Europe & Upper Central middleCountry Asia income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

4,570 3,624 67.9 1.2

7,272 5,727 64.1 0.3

5,884 5,052 57.4 2.3

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

40 5,946 114

28 3,204 126

34 871 131

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

39.6 –0.5 4.9 5 9 13 0 0.2

38.6 0.0 7.5

34.6 0.1 13.4

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

1.8 .. .. .. .. ..

5,573 –3.1 –0.9 10.4 .. ..

88,932 0.1 9.2 8.5 33,390 48,478

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

1,352 7.0 3,442 81.4 18.6 5.8

2,831 1.9 3,859 65.4 18.0 7.8

1,848 8.3 2,714 72.6 21.6 5.3

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

2,625 16.1 12 100 99 100 88 82 92

12,885 5.0 63 96 91 99 84 80 87

8,718 5.0 66 93 86 98 73 62 82

18 .. .. 12

23 .. .. 23

43 .. .. 20

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 24.8 23.9 35.1 Gross savings (% of GNI) 11.1 12.2 11.6 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 4.9 3.6 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 1.0 8.6 4.8 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 4.8 0.8 1.3 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.1 0.0 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 1.0 0.8 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.1 0.4 0.7 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 11.6 4.8 19.1 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book

2012

135


Madagascar Population (millions)

20.7 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

582 GDP ($ billions)

8.7

SubSaharan LowCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

430 380 30.2 4.3

1,176 946 37.4 4.0

528 472 28.3 3.7

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

70 187 112

45 322 130

38 288 133

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

21.6 0.4 3.1 65 35 85 273 29.2

28.0 0.6 11.7

27.6 0.6 10.7

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

140 1.1 20.1 0.12 2,230 2,991

6,190 1.8 16.3 5.8 18,550 27,815

10,725 3.9 4.8 .. 15,120 25,817

.. .. .. .. .. 0.1

689 57.3 511 65.2 18.2 0.8

365 65.9 229 32.0 45.7 0.3

16,746 4.4 97 46 34 74 15 12 21

4,635 2.2 84 61 49 83 31 23 42

5,381 4.3 90 65 57 86 37 32 47

30 3 8 62

46 .. 15 121

56 .. 15 108

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 8.1 18.0 25.1 Gross savings (% of GNI) 7.7 10.9 7.7 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 2.7 3.6 3.0 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 9.4 1.3 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.8 1.9 1.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.2 0.5 1.2 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.2 0.5 0.3 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.1 0.5 0.4 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 3.2 –2.1 15.9 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)

136

2012

The Little Green Data Book


Malawi Population (millions)

14.9 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

94 GDP ($ billions)

5.1

SubSaharan LowCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

330 303 19.8 5.0

1,176 946 37.4 4.0

528 472 28.3 3.7

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

59 169 127

45 322 130

38 288 133

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

34.3 0.9 15.0 7 15 101 12 3.5

28.0 0.6 11.7

27.6 0.6 10.7

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

101 1.4 14.9 .. .. ..

6,190 1.8 16.3 5.8 18,550 27,815

10,725 3.9 4.8 .. 15,120 25,817

.. .. .. .. .. 0.1

689 57.3 511 65.2 18.2 0.8

365 65.9 229 32.0 45.7 0.3

1,118 5.6 84 83 80 95 51 51 49

4,635 2.2 84 61 49 83 31 23 42

5,381 4.3 90 65 57 86 37 32 47

33 .. .. 92

46 .. 15 121

56 .. 15 108

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 13.0 18.0 25.1 Gross savings (% of GNI) 7.5 10.9 7.7 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 4.4 3.6 3.0 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 9.4 1.3 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 1.9 1.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 1.8 0.5 1.2 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.2 0.5 0.3 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.1 0.5 0.4 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 7.5 –2.1 15.9 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book

2012

137


Malaysia Population (millions)

28.4 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

329 GDP ($ billions)

237.8

Upper East Asia middleCountry & Pacific income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

7,760 6,545 72.2 4.1

3,696 3,264 45.9 3.3

5,884 5,052 57.4 2.3

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

24 6,680 114

49 585 135

34 871 131

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

62.3 0.4 18.1 70 45 64 674 13.9

29.6 –0.1 15.0

34.6 0.1 13.4

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

2,014 96,136 2.1 3.5 12.7 9.3 2.0 1.4 3,600 137,690 7,097 56,537

88,932 0.1 9.2 8.5 33,390 48,478

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

2,391 4.5 3,614 93.7 6.3 7.6

1,436 11.8 2,095 80.3 16.2 4.3

1,848 8.3 2,714 72.6 21.6 5.3

20,752 2.3 34 100 99 100 96 95 96

4,506 9.9 73 90 84 97 66 57 76

8,718 5.0 66 93 86 98 73 62 82

19 .. .. 6

56 .. .. 24

43 .. .. 20

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 34.1 48.4 35.1 Gross savings (% of GNI) 12.1 10.7 11.6 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 4.1 2.2 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 6.9 3.8 4.8 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.1 1.3 1.3 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.7 1.0 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.0 1.1 0.7 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 18.5 32.6 19.1 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)

138

2012

The Little Green Data Book


Maldives Population (thousands) 316 Land area (sq. km)

300 GDP ($ billions)

Country data

South Asia group

1.9 Upper middleincome group

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

5,750 5,071 40.5 4.1

1,176 1,111 30.1 2.7

5,884 5,052 57.4 2.3

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

27 2,450 96

55 521 123

34 871 131

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

3.3 0.0 .. 2 0 18 0 1.4

17.1 –0.1 5.9

34.6 0.1 13.4

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

95.0 0.8 .. .. 8,920 ..

13,567 2.9 8.4 1.7 15,440 10,343

88,932 0.1 9.2 8.5 33,390 48,478

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

985 .. .. .. .. 3.0

514 26.8 517 81.6 13.6 1.2

1,848 8.3 2,714 72.6 21.6 5.3

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

96 15.7 0 98 97 100 97 97 98

1,236 33.4 91 90 88 95 38 28 60

8,718 5.0 66 93 86 98 73 62 82

30 7 5 15

68 10 11 67

43 .. .. 20

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 12.0 32.7 35.1 Gross savings (% of GNI) 11.8 9.2 11.6 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 5.0 2.9 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 2.3 4.8 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 1.1 1.3 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.6 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.4 0.8 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.2 0.7 0.7 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 5.4 20.9 19.1 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book

2012

139


Mali Population (millions)

15.4 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

1,220 GDP ($ billions)

9.3

SubSaharan LowCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

600 474 33.3 4.6

1,176 946 37.4 4.0

528 472 28.3 3.7

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

34 462 146

45 322 130

38 288 133

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

10.2 0.6 2.4 12 9 3 7 1.5

28.0 0.6 11.7

27.6 0.6 10.7

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

102 1.8 28.9 .. .. ..

6,190 1.8 16.3 5.8 18,550 27,815

10,725 3.9 4.8 .. 15,120 25,817

.. .. .. .. .. 0.0

689 57.3 511 65.2 18.2 0.8

365 65.9 229 32.0 45.7 0.3

4,024 6.5 90 64 51 87 22 14 35

4,635 2.2 84 61 49 83 31 23 42

5,381 4.3 90 65 57 86 37 32 47

106 6 13 178

46 .. 15 121

56 .. 15 108

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 18.6 18.0 25.1 Gross savings (% of GNI) 8.4 10.9 7.7 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 3.9 3.6 3.0 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 9.4 1.3 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 9.8 1.9 1.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.5 1.2 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.1 0.5 0.3 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 1.7 0.5 0.4 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 7.4 –2.1 15.9 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)

140

2012

The Little Green Data Book


Malta Population (thousands) 416 Land area (sq. km)

320 GDP ($ billions)

8.3 Highincome group

Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

19,130 .. 94.7 1.0

38,745 32,477 77.6 1.0

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

28 35,113 95

37 24,483 106

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

0.9 .. 17.3 3 2 17 4 0.0

28.7 –0.1 12.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

4.8 4.3 41.1 0.40 .. ..

28,570 –1.7 2.0 16.5 81,790 15,495

1,931 0.0 4,416 100.0 0.0 6.2

4,856 4.2 9,064 61.6 11.6 11.9

122 71.3 35 100 100 100 100 100 100

8,305 9.4 41 100 98 100 100 99 100

.. .. .. 6

23 .. .. 6

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 13.1 17.6 Gross savings (% of GNI) 13.8 13.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 5.6 4.6 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 0.7 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.3 0.2 CO2 damage (% of GNI) .. 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) .. 7.1 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book

2012

141


Marshall Islands Population (thousands) 54 Land area (sq. km)

180 GDP ($ millions) 162.9 Lower East Asia middleCountry & Pacific income data group group

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

3,640 .. 71.8 1.2

3,696 3,264 45.9 3.3

1,619 1,454 39.4 2.9

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

72 .. 133

49 585 135

47 677 128

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

72.2 0.0 3.1 2 4 11 0 1.3

29.6 –0.1 15.0

27.9 0.5 9.4

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km) Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

59.7 96,136 38,888 30.8 3.5 2.7 .. 9.3 9.9 0.61 1.4 4.4 6,110 137,690 144,150 .. 56,537 60,615 610 .. .. .. .. 1.9

1,436 11.8 2,095 80.3 16.2 4.3

665 26.9 644 73.7 16.9 1.5

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

.. .. .. 94 99 92 75 53 83

4,506 9.9 73 90 84 97 66 57 76

3,227 12.6 88 87 83 93 47 34 66

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

.. .. .. 26

56 .. .. 24

58 9 11 69

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation .. 48.4 29.2 Gross savings (% of GNI) 8.5 10.7 9.8 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 6.5 2.2 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 3.8 6.0 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 1.3 1.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.0 0.3 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.4 1.0 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) .. 1.1 0.7 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) .. 32.6 13.8 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)

142

2012

The Little Green Data Book


Mauritania Population (millions)

3.5 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

1,031 GDP ($ billions)

3.6

SubLower Saharan middleCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

1,030 605 41.4 3.0

1,176 946 37.4 4.0

1,619 1,454 39.4 2.9

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

38 404 107

45 322 130

47 677 128

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

0.2 2.7 0.5 15 11 32 0 1.3

28.0 0.6 11.7

27.9 0.5 9.4

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

276 7.4 .. 32.1 .. 1.4

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

6,190 38,888 1.8 2.7 16.3 9.9 5.8 4.4 18,550 144,150 27,815 60,615

.. .. .. .. .. 0.6

689 57.3 511 65.2 18.2 0.8

665 26.9 644 73.7 16.9 1.5

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

118 14.0 94 50 48 52 26 9 51

4,635 2.2 84 61 49 83 31 23 42

3,227 12.6 88 87 83 93 47 34 66

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

68 .. .. 111

46 .. 15 121

58 9 11 69

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation .. 18.0 29.2 Gross savings (% of GNI) 8.8 10.9 9.8 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 3.7 3.6 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 9.4 6.0 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 33.9 1.9 1.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.4 0.5 0.3 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.4 0.5 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.6 0.5 0.7 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) .. –2.1 13.8 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book

2012

143


Mauritius Population (millions)

1.3 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

2.0 GDP ($ billions)

9.7

SubUpper Saharan middleCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

7,750 6,772 42.6 0.8

1,176 946 37.4 4.0

5,884 5,052 57.4 2.3

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

48 6,401 98

45 322 130

34 871 131

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

17.2 0.5 4.5 6 11 13 88 3.3

28.0 0.6 11.7

34.6 0.1 13.4

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

8.4 –2.9 10.4 0.28 870 1.2

6,190 1.8 16.3 5.8 18,550 27,815

88,932 0.1 9.2 8.5 33,390 48,478

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

947 .. .. .. .. 3.1

689 57.3 511 65.2 18.2 0.8

1,848 8.3 2,714 72.6 21.6 5.3

2,158 26.4 68 99 99 100 89 88 91

4,635 2.2 84 61 49 83 31 23 42

8,718 5.0 66 93 86 98 73 62 82

14 .. .. 15

46 .. 15 121

43 .. .. 20

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 16.1 18.0 35.1 Gross savings (% of GNI) 11.5 10.9 11.6 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 3.1 3.6 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 9.4 4.8 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 1.9 1.3 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.5 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.3 0.5 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.0 0.5 0.7 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 7.6 –2.1 19.1 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)

144

2012

The Little Green Data Book


Mayotte Population (thousands) 204 Land area (sq. km)

370 GDP ($ millions)

..

SubUpper Saharan middleCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

.. .. .. ..

1,176 946 37.4 4.0

5,884 5,052 57.4 2.3

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

54 .. ..

45 322 130

34 871 131

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

37.8 1.2 2.5 1 4 3 0 0.3

28.0 0.6 11.7

34.6 0.1 13.4

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

21.0 13.7 .. 0.87 570 7.1

6,190 1.8 16.3 5.8 18,550 27,815

88,932 0.1 9.2 8.5 33,390 48,478

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

.. .. .. .. .. ..

689 57.3 511 65.2 18.2 0.8

1,848 8.3 2,714 72.6 21.6 5.3

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

4,635 2.2 84 61 49 83 31 23 42

8,718 5.0 66 93 86 98 73 62 82

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

.. .. .. ..

46 .. 15 121

43 .. .. 20

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation .. 18.0 35.1 Gross savings (% of GNI) .. 10.9 11.6 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) .. 3.6 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) .. 9.4 4.8 Energy depletion (% of GNI) .. 1.9 1.3 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.5 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.5 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) .. 0.5 0.7 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) .. –2.1 19.1 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book

2012

145


Mexico Population (millions) 113.4 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

1,944 GDP ($ billions) 1,034.8 Latin America & Country Caribbean data group

Upper middleincome group

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

8,890 7,405 77.8 1.9

7,733 6,894 79.3 2.0

5,884 5,052 57.4 2.3

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

53 3,302 101

36 3,663 131

34 871 131

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

33.3 0.4 11.1 100 56 152 191 68.7

47.0 0.5 20.2

34.6 0.1 13.4

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

1,650 0.6 9.0 16.7 1,780 6,557

13,464 –1.6 11.2 13.1 15,280 39,997

88,932 0.1 9.2 8.5 33,390 48,478

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

1,559 4.8 1,943 81.9 10.2 4.3

1,245 17.0 1,892 37.8 55.5 2.8

1,848 8.3 2,714 72.6 21.6 5.3

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

3,651 17.5 77 96 91 97 85 79 87

23,323 1.6 68 94 81 98 79 59 84

8,718 5.0 66 93 86 98 73 62 82

33 .. .. 17

30 .. .. 23

43 .. .. 20

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 24.6 20.9 35.1 Gross savings (% of GNI) 12.0 12.1 11.6 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 4.8 4.7 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 5.4 3.8 4.8 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.3 1.6 1.3 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.3 0.3 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.4 0.4 0.7 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 11.0 7.4 19.1 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)

146

2012

The Little Green Data Book


Micronesia, Fed. Sts. Population (thousands) 111 Land area (sq. km)

700 GDP ($ millions) 297.5 Lower East Asia middleCountry & Pacific income data group group

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

2,740 .. 22.7 0.1

3,696 3,264 45.9 3.3

1,619 1,454 39.4 2.9

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

31 .. 86

49 585 135

47 677 128

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

91.4 0.0 4.0 7 10 16 3 2.6

29.6 –0.1 15.0

27.9 0.5 9.4

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

30.9 96,136 38,888 14.3 3.5 2.7 .. 9.3 9.9 0.06 1.4 4.4 4,340 137,690 144,150 87.0 56,537 60,615

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

.. .. .. .. .. 0.6

1,436 11.8 2,095 80.3 16.2 4.3

665 26.9 644 73.7 16.9 1.5

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

.. .. .. 94 94 95 25 15 61

4,506 9.9 73 90 84 97 66 57 76

3,227 12.6 88 87 83 93 47 34 66

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

.. .. .. 42

56 .. .. 24

58 9 11 69

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation .. 48.4 29.2 Gross savings (% of GNI) 9.7 10.7 9.8 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) .. 2.2 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 3.8 6.0 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 1.3 1.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.0 0.3 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.1 1.0 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) .. 1.1 0.7 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) .. 32.6 13.8 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book

2012

147


Moldova Population (millions)

3.6 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

33 GDP ($ billions)

5.8

Europe & Lower Central middleCountry Asia income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

1,810 1,606 41.2 –0.8

7,272 5,727 64.1 0.3

1,619 1,454 39.4 2.9

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

75 1,610 91

28 3,204 126

47 677 128

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

11.7 –1.0 1.4 4 8 8 2 0.0

38.6 0.0 7.5

27.9 0.5 9.4

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

10.0 –1.8 0.8 .. .. ..

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

5,573 38,888 –3.1 2.7 –0.9 9.9 10.4 4.4 .. 144,150 .. 60,615

687 3.3 1,018 96.4 1.5 1.3

2,831 1.9 3,859 65.4 18.0 7.8

665 26.9 644 73.7 16.9 1.5

280 16.4 40 96 93 99 85 82 89

12,885 5.0 63 96 91 99 84 80 87

3,227 12.6 88 87 83 93 47 34 66

33 7 7 19

23 .. .. 23

58 9 11 69

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 14.7 23.9 29.2 Gross savings (% of GNI) 8.7 12.2 9.8 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 7.7 3.6 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.1 8.6 6.0 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.8 1.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.1 0.0 0.3 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.6 0.8 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.9 0.4 0.7 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 11.9 4.8 13.8 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)

148

2012

The Little Green Data Book


Monaco Population (thousands) 35 Land area (sq. km)

2.0 GDP ($ billions)

Highincome group

Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

6.1

183,150 .. 100.0 0.7

38,745 32,477 77.6 1.0

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

.. .. ..

37 24,483 106

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

0.0 .. 23.7 2 0 11 0 0.0

28.7 –0.1 12.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

0.00 –3.4 .. 100.0 .. ..

28,570 –1.7 2.0 16.5 81,790 15,495

.. .. .. .. .. ..

4,856 4.2 9,064 61.6 11.6 11.9

.. .. .. 100 .. 100 100 .. 100

8,305 9.4 41 100 98 100 100 99 100

.. .. .. 4

23 .. .. 6

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation .. 17.6 Gross savings (% of GNI) 15.8 13.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 1.2 4.6 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 0.7 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.2 CO2 damage (% of GNI) .. 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) .. 7.1 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book

2012

149


Mongolia Population (millions)

2.8 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

1,554 GDP ($ billions)

6.2

Lower East Asia middleCountry & Pacific income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

1,870 1,162 57.5 1.2

3,696 3,264 45.9 3.3

1,619 1,454 39.4 2.9

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

75 1,524 146

49 585 135

47 677 128

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

7.0 0.7 13.4 11 20 1 0 4.2

29.6 –0.1 15.0

27.9 0.5 9.4

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

0.09 96,136 38,888 –1.6 3.5 2.7 .. 9.3 9.9 .. 1.4 4.4 .. 137,690 144,150 .. 56,537 60,615

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

1,194 3.2 1,411 100.0 0.0 4.1

1,436 11.8 2,095 80.3 16.2 4.3

665 26.9 644 73.7 16.9 1.5

12,833 1.4 44 82 53 100 51 29 64

4,506 9.9 73 90 84 97 66 57 76

3,227 12.6 88 87 83 93 47 34 66

101 .. .. 32

56 .. .. 24

58 9 11 69

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 29.8 48.4 29.2 Gross savings (% of GNI) 10.9 10.7 9.8 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 5.1 2.2 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 17.5 3.8 6.0 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 14.8 1.3 1.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 0.3 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 1.6 1.0 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 2.8 1.1 0.7 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) –12.6 32.6 13.8 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)

150

2012

The Little Green Data Book


Montenegro Population (thousands) 632 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

13 GDP ($ billions)

4.1

Europe & Upper Central middleCountry Asia income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

6,740 .. 59.5 1.3

7,272 5,727 64.1 0.3

5,884 5,052 57.4 2.3

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

38 2,684 99

28 3,204 126

34 871 131

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

40.4 0.0 13.3 6 10 25 1 0.0

38.6 0.0 7.5

34.6 0.1 13.4

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

1.9 .. .. 0.85 .. ..

5,573 –3.1 –0.9 10.4 .. ..

88,932 0.1 9.2 8.5 33,390 48,478

1,384 .. .. .. .. 3.1

2,831 1.9 3,859 65.4 18.0 7.8

1,848 8.3 2,714 72.6 21.6 5.3

.. .. .. 98 96 99 90 87 92

12,885 5.0 63 96 91 99 84 80 87

8,718 5.0 66 93 86 98 73 62 82

.. .. .. 8

23 .. .. 23

43 .. .. 20

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation .. 23.9 35.1 Gross savings (% of GNI) 11.4 12.2 11.6 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) .. 3.6 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 8.6 4.8 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.1 0.8 1.3 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.0 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.4 0.8 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) .. 0.4 0.7 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) .. 4.8 19.1 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book

2012

151


Morocco Population (millions)

32.0 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

446 GDP ($ billions)

90.8

Middle Lower East & middleCountry N. Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

2,850 2,437 56.7 2.1

3,874 3,091 58.0 2.5

1,619 1,454 39.4 2.9

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

67 3,315 117

23 2,627 132

47 677 128

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

11.5 –0.1 1.5 18 10 47 28 3.5

2.4 –0.1 3.9

27.9 0.5 9.4

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

1,138 3.5 6.7 1.3 .. ..

3,614 38,888 2.9 2.7 13.4 9.9 2.0 4.4 5,700 144,150 217 60,615

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

477 3.2 756 86.0 12.1 1.5

1,399 0.9 1,497 93.4 4.9 3.8

665 26.9 644 73.7 16.9 1.5

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

917 43.4 87 83 61 98 70 52 83

695 70.0 86 89 81 94 88 80 94

3,227 12.6 88 87 83 93 47 34 66

23 .. .. 36

66 .. .. 34

58 9 11 69

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 31.5 19.2 29.2 Gross savings (% of GNI) 10.5 10.7 9.8 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 5.2 4.3 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 12.4 6.0 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 1.6 0.4 1.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.1 0.3 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.4 0.7 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.1 0.9 0.7 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 24.1 –1.6 13.8 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)

152

2012

The Little Green Data Book


Mozambique Population (millions)

23.4 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

786 GDP ($ billions)

9.6

SubSaharan LowCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

440 358 38.4 5.7

1,176 946 37.4 4.0

528 472 28.3 3.7

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

63 234 98

45 322 130

38 288 133

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

49.6 0.5 15.8 12 24 55 40 7.2

28.0 0.6 11.7

27.6 0.6 10.7

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

152 7.4 26.2 3.3 1,860 2,909

6,190 1.8 16.3 5.8 18,550 27,815

10,725 3.9 4.8 .. 15,120 25,817

427 81.8 453 0.1 99.9 0.1

689 57.3 511 65.2 18.2 0.8

365 65.9 229 32.0 45.7 0.3

4,388 0.3 74 47 29 77 18 5 38

4,635 2.2 84 61 49 83 31 23 42

5,381 4.3 90 65 57 86 37 32 47

24 .. .. 135

46 .. 15 121

56 .. 15 108

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 11.0 18.0 25.1 Gross savings (% of GNI) 7.7 10.9 7.7 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 4.0 3.6 3.0 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 3.2 9.4 1.3 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.1 1.9 1.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.5 1.2 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.2 0.5 0.3 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.1 0.5 0.4 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 3.7 –2.1 15.9 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book

2012

153


Myanmar Population (millions)

48.0 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

654 GDP ($ millions)

..

East Asia LowCountry & Pacific income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

.. .. 33.9 2.5

3,696 3,264 45.9 3.3

528 472 28.3 3.7

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

19 .. 126

49 585 135

38 288 133

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

48.6 1.0 6.3 45 43 39 37 10.0

29.6 –0.1 15.0

27.6 0.6 10.7

3,914 96,136 7.4 3.5 27.0 9.3 0.31 1.4 1,870 137,690 5,029 56,537

10,725 3.9 4.8 .. 15,120 25,817

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km) Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

316 69.9 104 28.5 71.5 0.3

1,436 11.8 2,095 80.3 16.2 4.3

365 65.9 229 32.0 45.7 0.3

21,071 2.8 89 83 78 93 76 73 83

4,506 9.9 73 90 84 97 66 57 76

5,381 4.3 90 65 57 86 37 32 47

41 .. .. 66

56 .. .. 24

56 .. 15 108

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation .. 48.4 25.1 Gross savings (% of GNI) .. 10.7 7.7 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 0.8 2.2 3.0 Education expenditure (% of GNI) .. 3.8 1.3 Energy depletion (% of GNI) .. 1.3 1.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.0 1.2 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) .. 1.0 0.3 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.5 1.1 0.4 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) .. 32.6 15.9 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)

154

2012

The Little Green Data Book


Namibia Population (millions)

2.3 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

823 GDP ($ billions)

12.2

SubUpper Saharan middleCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

4,510 4,665 38.0 4.0

1,176 946 37.4 4.0

5,884 5,052 57.4 2.3

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

47 881 90

45 322 130

34 871 131

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

8.9 0.9 14.9 12 25 27 25 5.2

28.0 0.6 11.7

34.6 0.1 13.4

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

371 1.7 19.2 8.2 .. ..

6,190 1.8 16.3 5.8 18,550 27,815

88,932 0.1 9.2 8.5 33,390 48,478

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

764 12.0 1,576 18.0 82.0 1.8

689 57.3 511 65.2 18.2 0.8

1,848 8.3 2,714 72.6 21.6 5.3

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

2,747 1.7 71 93 90 99 32 17 57

4,635 2.2 84 61 49 83 31 23 42

8,718 5.0 66 93 86 98 73 62 82

45 4 12 40

46 .. 15 121

43 .. .. 20

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 34.2 18.0 35.1 Gross savings (% of GNI) 11.1 10.9 11.6 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 8.0 3.6 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 9.4 4.8 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.7 1.9 1.3 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.5 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.2 0.5 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.1 0.5 0.7 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 30.1 –2.1 19.1 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book

2012

155


Nepal Population (millions)

30.0 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

143 GDP ($ billions)

Country data

South Asia group

15.7 Lowincome group

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

490 474 18.2 5.8

1,176 1,111 30.1 2.7

528 472 28.3 3.7

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

30 238 110

55 521 123

38 288 133

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

25.4 1.4 17.0 31 31 7 2 2.1

17.1 –0.1 5.9

27.6 0.6 10.7

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

49.7 7.3 5.7 .. .. ..

13,567 2.9 8.4 1.7 15,440 10,343

10,725 3.9 4.8 .. 15,120 25,817

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

338 85.8 91 0.4 99.6 0.1

514 26.8 517 81.6 13.6 1.2

365 65.9 229 32.0 45.7 0.3

6,734 4.7 98 89 88 93 31 27 48

1,236 33.4 91 90 88 95 38 28 60

5,381 4.3 90 65 57 86 37 32 47

30 8 12 50

68 10 11 67

56 .. 15 108

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 33.9 32.7 25.1 Gross savings (% of GNI) 7.8 9.2 7.7 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 4.2 2.9 3.0 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 2.3 1.3 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 1.1 1.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 2.5 0.6 1.2 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.2 0.8 0.3 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.1 0.7 0.4 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 27.6 20.9 15.9 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)

156

2012

The Little Green Data Book


Netherlands Population (millions)

16.6 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

34 GDP ($ billions)

779.4 Highincome group

Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

49,030 39,531 82.9 1.5

38,745 32,477 77.6 1.0

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

57 47,805 108

37 24,483 106

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

10.8 –0.3 12.4 4 2 13 0 0.2

28.7 –0.1 12.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

456 –0.2 –2.0 22.1 .. ..

28,570 –1.7 2.0 16.5 81,790 15,495

4,729 4.4 6,896 85.3 0.1 10.6

4,856 4.2 9,064 61.6 11.6 11.9

665 11.7 1 100 100 100 100 100 100

8,305 9.4 41 100 98 100 100 99 100

30 .. .. 4

23 .. .. 6

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 23.6 17.6 Gross savings (% of GNI) 14.2 13.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 4.7 4.6 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.8 0.7 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.2 0.2 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.4 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 12.8 7.1 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book

2012

157


New Caledonia Population (thousands) 247 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

18 GDP ($ millions)

Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

..

Highincome group

.. .. 65.5 2.4

38,745 32,477 77.6 1.0

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

14 .. 98

37 24,483 106

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

45.9 0.0 60.2 9 15 26 230 8.5

28.7 –0.1 12.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

5.0 –1.1 3.4 17.7 5,980 227

28,570 –1.7 2.0 16.5 81,790 15,495

.. .. .. .. .. 12.9

4,856 4.2 9,064 61.6 11.6 11.9

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

8,305 9.4 41 100 98 100 100 99 100

53 .. .. ..

23 .. .. 6

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation .. 17.6 Gross savings (% of GNI) .. 13.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) .. 4.6 Education expenditure (% of GNI) .. 0.7 Energy depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.2 CO2 damage (% of GNI) .. 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) .. 7.1 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)

158

2012

The Little Green Data Book


New Zealand Population (millions)

4.4 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

263 GDP ($ billions)

Highincome group

Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

126.7

28,770 23,937 86.8 1.3

38,745 32,477 77.6 1.0

Agriculture 44 Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) 26,556 98 Food production index (2004–2006=100)

37 24,483 106

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

31.4 –0.3 26.2 9 70 23 19 20.2

28.7 –0.1 12.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

547 1.2 7.0 10.8 .. 261

28,570 –1.7 2.0 16.5 81,790 15,495

4,032 6.3 9,346 28.2 55.7 7.8

4,856 4.2 9,064 61.6 11.6 11.9

75,768 1.5 74 100 100 100 .. .. ..

8,305 9.4 41 100 98 100 100 99 100

12 .. .. 6

23 .. .. 6

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 17.1 17.6 Gross savings (% of GNI) 14.0 13.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 7.2 4.6 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.7 0.7 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.3 0.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.2 0.2 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.0 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 8.5 7.1 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book

2012

159


Nicaragua Population (millions)

5.8 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

120 GDP ($ billions) Latin America & Country Caribbean data group

6.6 Lower middleincome group

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

1,110 965 57.3 2.2

7,733 6,894 79.3 2.0

1,619 1,454 39.4 2.9

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

43 2,779 115

36 3,663 131

47 677 128

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

25.9 1.8 36.7 6 12 30 40 3.3

47.0 0.5 20.2

27.9 0.5 9.4

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

54.4 13.3 31.2 37.2 710 671

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

540 45.9 460 69.1 8.6 0.8

1,245 17.0 1,892 37.8 55.5 2.8

665 26.9 644 73.7 16.9 1.5

33,221 0.7 84 85 68 98 52 37 63

23,323 1.6 68 94 81 98 79 59 84

3,227 12.6 88 87 83 93 47 34 66

24 .. .. 27

30 .. .. 23

58 9 11 69

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

13,464 38,888 –1.6 2.7 11.2 9.9 13.1 4.4 15,280 144,150 39,997 60,615

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 13.4 20.9 29.2 Gross savings (% of GNI) 9.3 12.1 9.8 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 3.0 4.7 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 3.8 6.0 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.9 1.6 1.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.7 0.0 0.3 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.6 0.3 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.1 0.4 0.7 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 4.9 7.4 13.8 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)

160

2012

The Little Green Data Book


Niger Population (millions)

15.5 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

1,267 GDP ($ billions)

5.5

SubSaharan LowCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

370 334 16.7 3.9

1,176 946 37.4 4.0

528 472 28.3 3.7

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

35 .. 132

45 322 130

38 288 133

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

1.0 2.4 7.1 12 7 4 2 0.9

28.0 0.6 11.7

27.6 0.6 10.7

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

30.0 11.6 3.4 .. .. ..

6,190 1.8 16.3 5.8 18,550 27,815

10,725 3.9 4.8 .. 15,120 25,817

.. .. .. .. .. 0.1

689 57.3 511 65.2 18.2 0.8

365 65.9 229 32.0 45.7 0.3

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

234 7.0 88 49 39 100 9 4 34

4,635 2.2 84 61 49 83 31 23 42

5,381 4.3 90 65 57 86 37 32 47

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

92 14 21 143

46 .. 15 121

56 .. 15 108

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 18.5 18.0 25.1 Gross savings (% of GNI) 3.2 10.9 7.7 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 3.5 3.6 3.0 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 9.4 1.3 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.9 1.9 1.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 1.5 0.5 1.2 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.1 0.5 0.3 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 1.4 0.5 0.4 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 15.3 –2.1 15.9 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book

2012

161


Nigeria Population (millions) 158.4 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

911 GDP ($ billions)

193.7

SubLower Saharan middleCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

1,180 760 49.8 4.1

1,176 946 37.4 4.0

1,619 1,454 39.4 2.9

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

82 .. 92

45 322 130

47 677 128

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

9.9 3.2 12.8 26 14 59 171 6.0

28.0 0.6 11.7

27.9 0.5 9.4

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

818 3.5 18.0 0.16 .. 7,356

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

6,190 38,888 1.8 2.7 16.3 9.9 5.8 4.4 18,550 144,150 27,815 60,615

701 84.9 121 77.1 22.9 0.6

689 57.3 511 65.2 18.2 0.8

665 26.9 644 73.7 16.9 1.5

1,431 3.6 53 58 43 74 31 27 35

4,635 2.2 84 61 49 83 31 23 42

3,227 12.6 88 87 83 93 47 34 66

42 3 10 143

46 .. 15 121

58 9 11 69

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation .. 18.0 29.2 Gross savings (% of GNI) 9.9 10.9 9.8 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 0.9 3.6 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 21.7 9.4 6.0 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 1.9 1.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.3 0.5 0.3 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.5 0.5 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.7 0.5 0.7 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) .. –2.1 13.8 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)

162

2012

The Little Green Data Book


Northern Mariana Islands Population (thousands) 61 Land area (sq. km)

460 GDP ($ millions)

Highincome group

Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

..

.. .. 91.3 1.7

38,745 32,477 77.6 1.0

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

7 .. ..

37 24,483 106

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

65.2 0.6 12.8 5 15 11 4 2.2

28.7 –0.1 12.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

0.27 1.7 .. 28.7 <50 0.07

28,570 –1.7 2.0 16.5 81,790 15,495

.. .. .. .. .. ..

4,856 4.2 9,064 61.6 11.6 11.9

.. .. .. 98 97 98 94 96 94

8,305 9.4 41 100 98 100 100 99 100

.. .. .. ..

23 .. .. 6

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation .. 17.6 Gross savings (% of GNI) .. 13.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) .. 4.6 Education expenditure (% of GNI) .. 0.7 Energy depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.2 CO2 damage (% of GNI) .. 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) .. 7.1 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book

2012

163


Norway Population (millions)

4.9 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

305 GDP ($ billions)

Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

417.5 Highincome group

87,350 65,757 77.6 1.1

38,745 32,477 77.6 1.0

Agriculture 3 Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) 46,480 103 Food production index (2004–2006=100)

37 24,483 106

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

32.9 –0.5 14.6 7 2 19 2 1.3

28.7 –0.1 12.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

3,683 2.6 10.0 2.4 .. ..

28,570 –1.7 2.0 16.5 81,790 15,495

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

5,849 5.1 23,550 3.3 95.7 10.5

4,856 4.2 9,064 61.6 11.6 11.9

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

79,110 0.8 29 100 100 100 100 100 100

8,305 9.4 41 100 98 100 100 99 100

15 .. .. 3

23 .. .. 6

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 35.2 17.6 Gross savings (% of GNI) 14.5 13.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 6.0 4.6 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 10.2 0.7 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.1 0.2 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.0 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 16.4 7.1 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)

164

2012

The Little Green Data Book


Oman Population (millions)

2.8 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

310 GDP ($ billions)

Highincome group

Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

46.9

18,260 9,431 71.7 2.4

38,745 32,477 77.6 1.0

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

6 .. 97

37 24,483 106

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

0.0 0.0 10.7 9 11 26 6 3.7

28.7 –0.1 12.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

164 1.6 .. 1.3 530 10.9

28,570 –1.7 2.0 16.5 81,790 15,495

5,554 0.0 5,724 100.0 0.0 17.3

4,856 4.2 9,064 61.6 11.6 11.9

516 86.6 88 89 78 93 99 95 100

8,305 9.4 41 100 98 100 100 99 100

82 .. .. 9

23 .. .. 6

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 39.7 17.6 Gross savings (% of GNI) 13.5 13.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 4.2 4.6 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 28.5 0.7 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.8 0.2 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.0 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) –8.5 7.1 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book

2012

165


Pakistan Population (millions) 173.6 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

771 GDP ($ billions)

Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

South Asia group

176.9 Lower middleincome group

1,050 939 37.0 3.1

1,176 1,111 30.1 2.7

1,619 1,454 39.4 2.9

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

34 947 115

55 521 123

47 677 128

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

2.2 2.0 10.1 23 27 34 2 4.9

17.1 –0.1 5.9

27.9 0.5 9.4

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

593 –0.2 14.1 1.8 .. 977

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

502 34.5 449 67.5 29.4 1.0

514 26.8 517 81.6 13.6 1.2

665 26.9 644 73.7 16.9 1.5

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

323 79.5 94 92 89 96 48 34 72

1,236 33.4 91 90 88 95 38 28 60

3,227 12.6 88 87 83 93 47 34 66

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

101 14 22 87

68 10 11 67

58 9 11 69

13,567 38,888 2.9 2.7 8.4 9.9 1.7 4.4 15,440 144,150 10,343 60,615

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 21.0 32.7 29.2 Gross savings (% of GNI) 8.5 9.2 9.8 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 1.6 2.9 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 2.1 2.3 6.0 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.1 1.1 1.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.7 0.6 0.3 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.7 0.8 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 1.1 0.7 0.7 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 9.4 20.9 13.8 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)

166

2012

The Little Green Data Book


Palau Population (thousands) 20 Land area (sq. km)

460 GDP ($ millions) 171.3 Upper East Asia middleCountry & Pacific income data group group

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

6,560 .. 82.7 2.4

3,696 3,264 45.9 3.3

5,884 5,052 57.4 2.3

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

11 .. ..

49 585 135

34 871 131

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

87.0 –0.3 2.0 4 4 14 3 1.2

29.6 –0.1 15.0

34.6 0.1 13.4

1.0 96,136 –0.4 3.5 9.4 9.3 5.3 1.4 1,150 137,690 48.5 56,537

88,932 0.1 9.2 8.5 33,390 48,478

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km) Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

.. .. .. .. .. 10.5

1,436 11.8 2,095 80.3 16.2 4.3

1,848 8.3 2,714 72.6 21.6 5.3

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

.. .. .. 85 96 83 100 100 100

4,506 9.9 73 90 84 97 66 57 76

8,718 5.0 66 93 86 98 73 62 82

.. .. .. 19

56 .. .. 24

43 .. .. 20

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation .. 48.4 35.1 Gross savings (% of GNI) 14.8 10.7 11.6 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) .. 2.2 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 3.8 4.8 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 1.3 1.3 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.0 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 1.1 1.0 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) .. 1.1 0.7 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) .. 32.6 19.1 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book

2012

167


Panama Population (millions)

3.5 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

74 GDP ($ billions) Latin America & Country Caribbean data group

26.7 Upper middleincome group

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

6,970 6,243 74.8 3.5

7,733 6,894 79.3 2.0

5,884 5,052 57.4 2.3

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

30 4,109 102

36 3,663 131

34 871 131

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

43.7 0.8 18.7 15 17 41 192 10.9

47.0 0.5 20.2

34.6 0.1 13.4

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

170 1.2 3.0 4.0 720 1,744

13,464 –1.6 11.2 13.1 15,280 39,997

88,932 0.1 9.2 8.5 33,390 48,478

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

896 10.7 1,735 43.6 56.1 2.0

1,245 17.0 1,892 37.8 55.5 2.8

1,848 8.3 2,714 72.6 21.6 5.3

42,578 0.3 51 93 83 97 68 51 75

23,323 1.6 68 94 81 98 79 59 84

8,718 5.0 66 93 86 98 73 62 82

33 .. .. 20

30 .. .. 23

43 .. .. 20

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 19.5 20.9 35.1 Gross savings (% of GNI) 12.3 12.1 11.6 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 3.5 4.7 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 3.8 4.8 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 1.6 1.3 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.2 0.3 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.2 0.4 0.7 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 10.3 7.4 19.1 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)

168

2012

The Little Green Data Book


Papua New Guinea Population (millions)

6.9 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

453 GDP ($ billions)

9.5

Lower East Asia middleCountry & Pacific income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

1,300 924 12.5 1.6

3,696 3,264 45.9 3.3

1,619 1,454 39.4 2.9

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

3 683 108

49 585 135

47 677 128

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

63.4 0.5 3.1 39 37 42 142 25.4

29.6 –0.1 15.0

27.9 0.5 9.4

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km) Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

226 96,136 38,888 11.3 3.5 2.7 31.2 9.3 9.9 0.32 1.4 4.4 13,840 137,690 144,150 4,265 56,537 60,615 .. .. .. .. .. 0.3

1,436 11.8 2,095 80.3 16.2 4.3

665 26.9 644 73.7 16.9 1.5

119,492 0.0 0 40 33 87 45 41 71

4,506 9.9 73 90 84 97 66 57 76

3,227 12.6 88 87 83 93 47 34 66

16 .. .. 61

56 .. .. 24

58 9 11 69

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 20.8 48.4 29.2 Gross savings (% of GNI) 9.4 10.7 9.8 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) .. 2.2 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 3.8 6.0 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 22.2 1.3 1.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 0.3 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.4 1.0 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.0 1.1 0.7 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) .. 32.6 13.8 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book

2012

169


Paraguay Population (millions)

6.5 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

397 GDP ($ billions) Latin America & Country Caribbean data group

18.3 Lower middleincome group

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

2,720 2,493 61.5 3.3

7,733 6,894 79.3 2.0

1,619 1,454 39.4 2.9

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

53 2,710 110

36 3,663 131

47 677 128

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

44.3 0.9 5.4 8 27 0 9 2.8

47.0 0.5 20.2

27.9 0.5 9.4

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

4.7 –9.5 21.4 .. .. ..

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

13,464 38,888 –1.6 2.7 11.2 9.9 13.1 4.4 15,280 144,150 39,997 60,615

749 53.7 1,056 0.0 100.0 0.7

1,245 17.0 1,892 37.8 55.5 2.8

665 26.9 644 73.7 16.9 1.5

14,822 0.1 71 86 66 99 71 40 90

23,323 1.6 68 94 81 98 79 59 84

3,227 12.6 88 87 83 93 47 34 66

65 .. .. 25

30 .. .. 23

58 9 11 69

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 23.0 20.9 29.2 Gross savings (% of GNI) 10.4 12.1 9.8 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 3.7 4.7 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 3.8 6.0 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 1.6 1.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 0.3 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.2 0.3 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 1.1 0.4 0.7 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 15.1 7.4 13.8 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)

170

2012

The Little Green Data Book


Peru Population (millions)

29.1 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

1,280 GDP ($ billions) Latin America & Country Caribbean data group

157.1 Upper middleincome group

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

4,700 4,049 71.6 1.7

7,733 6,894 79.3 2.0

5,884 5,052 57.4 2.3

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

17 1,607 123

36 3,663 131

34 871 131

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

53.1 0.2 13.6 54 98 20 268 33.4

47.0 0.5 20.2

34.6 0.1 13.4

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

4,350 –2.4 15.2 2.8 .. 53.1

13,464 –1.6 11.2 13.1 15,280 39,997

88,932 0.1 9.2 8.5 33,390 48,478

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

550 15.4 1,136 41.0 57.6 1.4

1,245 17.0 1,892 37.8 55.5 2.8

1,848 8.3 2,714 72.6 21.6 5.3

56,179 1.0 85 85 65 91 71 37 81

23,323 1.6 68 94 81 98 79 59 84

8,718 5.0 66 93 86 98 73 62 82

43 .. .. 19

30 .. .. 23

43 .. .. 20

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 24.4 20.9 35.1 Gross savings (% of GNI) 11.8 12.1 11.6 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 2.1 4.7 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 1.3 3.8 4.8 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 6.8 1.6 1.3 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.2 0.3 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.4 0.4 0.7 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 5.9 7.4 19.1 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book

2012

171


Philippines Population (millions)

93.3 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

298 GDP ($ billions)

199.6

Lower East Asia middleCountry & Pacific income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

2,060 1,889 66.4 3.6

3,696 3,264 45.9 3.3

1,619 1,454 39.4 2.9

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

40 1,119 112

49 585 135

47 677 128

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

25.7 –0.8 10.9 38 74 71 210 32.3

29.6 –0.1 15.0

27.9 0.5 9.4

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km) Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

5,158 96,136 38,888 1.8 3.5 2.7 6.9 9.3 9.9 2.5 1.4 4.4 25,060 137,690 144,150 2,565 56,537 60,615 424 17.9 593 67.4 15.8 0.9

1,436 11.8 2,095 80.3 16.2 4.3

665 26.9 644 73.7 16.9 1.5

5,223 17.0 82 92 92 93 74 69 79

4,506 9.9 73 90 84 97 66 57 76

3,227 12.6 88 87 83 93 47 34 66

17 5 9 29

56 .. .. 24

58 9 11 69

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 27.2 48.4 29.2 Gross savings (% of GNI) 9.8 10.7 9.8 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 2.4 2.2 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.4 3.8 6.0 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 1.5 1.3 1.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.1 0.0 0.3 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.3 1.0 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.1 1.1 0.7 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 17.3 32.6 13.8 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)

172

2012

The Little Green Data Book


Poland Population (millions)

38.2 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

304 GDP ($ billions)

Highincome group

Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

469.4

12,440 10,180 61.2 0.0

38,745 32,477 77.6 1.0

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

53 2,994 104

37 24,483 106

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

30.7 –0.3 22.4 5 6 7 8 0.5

28.7 –0.1 12.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

220 –4.2 0.8 4.1 .. ..

28,570 –1.7 2.0 16.5 81,790 15,495

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

2,464 7.1 3,591 94.1 1.6 8.3

4,856 4.2 9,064 61.6 11.6 11.9

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

1,405 19.4 10 .. .. 100 90 80 96

8,305 9.4 41 100 98 100 100 99 100

34 .. .. 6

23 .. .. 6

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 17.5 17.6 Gross savings (% of GNI) 12.7 13.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 4.9 4.6 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 1.0 0.7 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.4 0.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.1 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.6 0.2 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.4 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 7.4 7.1 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book

2012

173


Portugal Population (millions)

10.6 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

91 GDP ($ billions)

Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

228.6 Highincome group

21,870 16,929 60.7 1.5

38,745 32,477 77.6 1.0

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

40 7,019 98

37 24,483 106

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

37.8 –0.2 8.3 11 8 53 68 5.5

28.7 –0.1 12.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

226 –1.9 –2.2 3.1 .. ..

28,570 –1.7 2.0 16.5 81,790 15,495

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

2,266 13.6 4,815 62.4 16.7 5.3

4,856 4.2 9,064 61.6 11.6 11.9

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

3,574 12.3 73 99 100 99 100 100 100

8,305 9.4 41 100 98 100 100 99 100

20 .. .. 4

23 .. .. 6

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 10.8 17.6 Gross savings (% of GNI) 18.4 13.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 4.9 4.6 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 0.7 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.1 0.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.2 0.2 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.0 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) –3.1 7.1 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)

174

2012

The Little Green Data Book


Puerto Rico Population (millions)

4.0 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

8.9 GDP ($ billions)

Highincome group

Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

96.3

15,500 .. 98.8 2.2

38,745 32,477 77.6 1.0

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

21 .. 103

37 24,483 106

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

62.2 –3.3 10.1 3 8 19 51 4.0

28.7 –0.1 12.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

1.9 –0.1 –9.0 1.6 480 73.9

28,570 –1.7 2.0 16.5 81,790 15,495

.. .. .. .. .. ..

4,856 4.2 9,064 61.6 11.6 11.9

1,790 14.0 7 .. .. .. .. .. ..

8,305 9.4 41 100 98 100 100 99 100

14 .. .. ..

23 .. .. 6

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation .. 17.6 Gross savings (% of GNI) 20.0 13.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) .. 4.6 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 0.7 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.2 CO2 damage (% of GNI) .. 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) .. 7.1 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book

2012

175


Qatar Population (millions)

1.8 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

12 GDP ($ billions)

Country data

98.3 Highincome group

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

.. .. 95.8 6.8

38,745 32,477 77.6 1.0

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

6 .. 168

37 24,483 106

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

0.0 .. 2.5 3 4 11 0 0.1

28.7 –0.1 12.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

13.8 4.5 .. 0.25 700 12.3

28,570 –1.7 2.0 16.5 81,790 15,495

14,911 0.0 14,421 100.0 0.0 49.1

4,856 4.2 9,064 61.6 11.6 11.9

35 455.2 59 100 100 100 100 100 100

8,305 9.4 41 100 98 100 100 99 100

31 .. .. 8

23 .. .. 6

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation .. 17.6 Gross savings (% of GNI) .. 13.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 1.8 4.6 Education expenditure (% of GNI) .. 0.7 Energy depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.2 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.1 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) .. 7.1 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)

176

2012

The Little Green Data Book


Romania Population (millions)

21.4 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

230 GDP ($ billions)

161.6

Europe & Upper Central middleCountry Asia income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

7,850 6,427 54.6 –0.3

7,272 5,727 64.1 0.3

5,884 5,052 57.4 2.3

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

59 9,700 93

28 3,204 126

34 871 131

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

28.6 –0.2 7.1 7 11 19 4 0.7

38.6 0.0 7.5

34.6 0.1 13.4

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

11.7 –16.2 –6.6 33.3 .. ..

5,573 –3.1 –0.9 10.4 .. ..

88,932 0.1 9.2 8.5 33,390 48,478

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

1,602 11.4 2,267 52.7 26.9 4.4

2,831 1.9 3,859 65.4 18.0 7.8

1,848 8.3 2,714 72.6 21.6 5.3

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

1,969 3.2 17 89 76 99 73 54 88

12,885 5.0 63 96 91 99 84 80 87

8,718 5.0 66 93 86 98 73 62 82

14 .. .. 14

23 .. .. 23

43 .. .. 20

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 26.7 23.9 35.1 Gross savings (% of GNI) 11.7 12.2 11.6 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 3.4 3.6 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 1.6 8.6 4.8 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.8 1.3 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.5 0.8 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.0 0.4 0.7 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 16.2 4.8 19.1 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book

2012

177


Russian Federation Population (millions) 141.8 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 16,377 GDP ($ billions) 1,479.8 Europe & Upper Central middleCountry Asia income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

9,900 7,406 72.8 –0.3

7,272 5,727 64.1 0.3

5,884 5,052 57.4 2.3

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

13 2,731 106

28 3,204 126

34 871 131

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

49.4 0.0 9.1 32 49 35 8 34.1

38.6 0.0 7.5

34.6 0.1 13.4

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

4,191 –2.9 –3.7 10.8 .. ..

5,573 –3.1 –0.9 10.4 .. ..

88,932 0.1 9.2 8.5 33,390 48,478

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

4,561 1.0 6,136 65.5 17.6 12.0

2,831 1.9 3,859 65.4 18.0 7.8

1,848 8.3 2,714 72.6 21.6 5.3

30,405 1.5 20 97 92 99 70 59 74

12,885 5.0 63 96 91 99 84 80 87

8,718 5.0 66 93 86 98 73 62 82

16 .. .. 12

23 .. .. 23

43 .. .. 20

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 28.6 23.9 35.1 Gross savings (% of GNI) 12.4 12.2 11.6 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 3.5 3.6 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 13.2 8.6 4.8 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 1.1 0.8 1.3 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.9 0.8 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.1 0.4 0.7 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 4.5 4.8 19.1 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)

178

2012

The Little Green Data Book


Rwanda Population (millions)

10.6 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

25 GDP ($ billions)

5.6

SubSaharan LowCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

520 467 18.9 8.3

1,176 946 37.4 4.0

528 472 28.3 3.7

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

81 .. 121

45 322 130

38 288 133

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

17.6 –1.6 10.0 20 12 9 4 0.9

28.0 0.6 11.7

27.6 0.6 10.7

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

9.7 7.0 6.9 .. .. ..

6,190 1.8 16.3 5.8 18,550 27,815

10,725 3.9 4.8 .. 15,120 25,817

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

.. .. .. .. .. 0.1

689 57.3 511 65.2 18.2 0.8

365 65.9 229 32.0 45.7 0.3

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

921 1.6 68 65 63 76 55 56 52

4,635 2.2 84 61 49 83 31 23 42

5,381 4.3 90 65 57 86 37 32 47

23 15 14 91

46 .. 15 121

56 .. 15 108

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 15.1 18.0 25.1 Gross savings (% of GNI) 8.0 10.9 7.7 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 4.2 3.6 3.0 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 9.4 1.3 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.1 1.9 1.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 3.0 0.5 1.2 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.1 0.5 0.3 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.1 0.5 0.4 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 7.7 –2.1 15.9 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book

2012

179


Samoa Population (thousands) 184 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

2.8 GDP ($ millions) 573.5 Lower East Asia middleCountry & Pacific income data group group

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

2,980 2,700 23.4 1.1

3,696 3,264 45.9 3.3

1,619 1,454 39.4 2.9

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

24 1,748 104

49 585 135

47 677 128

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

60.4 –1.4 3.4 2 6 12 2 1.6

29.6 –0.1 15.0

27.9 0.5 9.4

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

13.0 96,136 38,888 11.4 3.5 2.7 .. 9.3 9.9 0.55 1.4 4.4 490 137,690 144,150 3.7 56,537 60,615

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

320 .. .. .. .. 0.9

1,436 11.8 2,095 80.3 16.2 4.3

665 26.9 644 73.7 16.9 1.5

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

.. .. .. 96 96 96 98 98 98

4,506 9.9 73 90 84 97 66 57 76

3,227 12.6 88 87 83 93 47 34 66

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

.. .. .. 20

56 .. .. 24

58 9 11 69

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation .. 48.4 29.2 Gross savings (% of GNI) 10.6 10.7 9.8 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 4.4 2.2 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 3.8 6.0 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 1.3 1.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.3 0.0 0.3 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.2 1.0 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) .. 1.1 0.7 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) .. 32.6 13.8 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)

180

2012

The Little Green Data Book


San Marino Population (thousands) 32 Land area (sq. km)

60 GDP ($ billions)

Highincome group

Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

1.9

50,400 .. 94.3 1.5

38,745 32,477 77.6 1.0

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

17 .. ..

37 24,483 106

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

0.0 .. .. 0 0 0 0 0.0

28.7 –0.1 12.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

.. .. .. .. .. ..

28,570 –1.7 2.0 16.5 81,790 15,495

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

.. .. .. .. .. ..

4,856 4.2 9,064 61.6 11.6 11.9

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

8,305 9.4 41 100 98 100 100 99 100

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

8 .. .. 2

23 .. .. 6

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation .. 17.6 Gross savings (% of GNI) 16.3 13.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) .. 4.6 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 0.7 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.2 CO2 damage (% of GNI) .. 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) .. 7.1 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book

2012

181


São Tomé and Príncipe Population (thousands) 165 Land area (sq. km)

960 GDP ($ millions) 196.8 SubLower Saharan middleCountry Africa income data group group

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

1,200 1,092 62.2 3.5

1,176 946 37.4 4.0

1,619 1,454 39.4 2.9

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

58 .. 116

45 322 130

47 677 128

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

28.1 0.0 .. 5 12 12 34 2.7

28.0 0.6 11.7

27.9 0.5 9.4

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

4.7 1.0 .. .. .. 1.4

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

280 .. .. .. .. 0.8

689 57.3 511 65.2 18.2 0.8

665 26.9 644 73.7 16.9 1.5

13,414 0.3 .. 89 88 89 26 19 30

4,635 2.2 84 61 49 83 31 23 42

3,227 12.6 88 87 83 93 47 34 66

27 .. .. 80

46 .. 15 121

58 9 11 69

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

6,190 38,888 1.8 2.7 16.3 9.9 5.8 4.4 18,550 144,150 27,815 60,615

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation .. 18.0 29.2 Gross savings (% of GNI) 8.9 10.9 9.8 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) .. 3.6 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 9.4 6.0 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 1.9 1.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.8 0.5 0.3 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.6 0.5 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.2 0.5 0.7 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) .. –2.1 13.8 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)

182

2012

The Little Green Data Book


Saudi Arabia Population (millions)

27.4 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

2,150 GDP ($ billions)

Highincome group

Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

434.7

16,190 8,357 83.6 3.1

38,745 32,477 77.6 1.0

Agriculture 81 Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) 20,233 102 Food production index (2004–2006=100)

37 24,483 106

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

0.5 0.0 31.3 9 15 23 3 3.2

28.7 –0.1 12.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

91.5 2.4 13.8 3.4 6,660 204

28,570 –1.7 2.0 16.5 81,790 15,495

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

5,888 0.0 7,427 100.0 0.0 16.6

4,856 4.2 9,064 61.6 11.6 11.9

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

90 943.3 88 .. .. 97 .. .. 100

8,305 9.4 41 100 98 100 100 99 100

103 .. .. 18

23 .. .. 6

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 32.5 17.6 Gross savings (% of GNI) 12.1 13.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 7.2 4.6 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 29.1 0.7 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.8 0.2 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 1.2 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) –3.6 7.1 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book

2012

183


Senegal Population (millions)

12.4 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

193 GDP ($ billions)

13.0

SubLower Saharan middleCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

1,090 937 42.9 3.2

1,176 946 37.4 4.0

1,619 1,454 39.4 2.9

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

49 256 136

45 322 130

47 677 128

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

44.0 0.5 24.1 16 10 45 9 1.0

28.0 0.6 11.7

27.9 0.5 9.4

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

410 1.4 13.0 12.4 .. 1,279

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

6,190 38,888 1.8 2.7 16.3 9.9 5.8 4.4 18,550 144,150 27,815 60,615

243 41.1 196 88.1 8.4 0.4

689 57.3 511 65.2 18.2 0.8

665 26.9 644 73.7 16.9 1.5

2,131 5.7 93 72 56 93 52 39 70

4,635 2.2 84 61 49 83 31 23 42

3,227 12.6 88 87 83 93 47 34 66

80 13 22 75

46 .. 15 121

58 9 11 69

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 19.7 18.0 29.2 Gross savings (% of GNI) 8.9 10.9 9.8 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 5.2 3.6 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 9.4 6.0 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.8 1.9 1.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.5 0.3 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.3 0.5 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.7 0.5 0.7 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 13.7 –2.1 13.8 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)

184

2012

The Little Green Data Book


Serbia Population (millions)

7.3 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

87 GDP ($ billions)

38.4

Europe & Upper Central middleCountry Asia income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

5,630 .. 52.4 0.0

7,272 5,727 64.1 0.3

5,884 5,052 57.4 2.3

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

58 2,057 99

28 3,204 126

34 871 131

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

31.0 –0.8 6.0 6 9 11 2 0.2

38.6 0.0 7.5

34.6 0.1 13.4

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

13.0 .. .. .. .. ..

5,573 –3.1 –0.9 10.4 .. ..

88,932 0.1 9.2 8.5 33,390 48,478

1,974 2.0 4,224 72.6 27.4 6.8

2,831 1.9 3,859 65.4 18.0 7.8

1,848 8.3 2,714 72.6 21.6 5.3

.. .. 2 99 98 99 92 88 96

12,885 5.0 63 96 91 99 84 80 87

8,718 5.0 66 93 86 98 73 62 82

.. .. .. 7

23 .. .. 23

43 .. .. 20

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 15.9 23.9 35.1 Gross savings (% of GNI) 11.3 12.2 11.6 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 5.0 3.6 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 1.9 8.6 4.8 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.8 1.3 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.0 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 1.0 0.8 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) .. 0.4 0.7 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) .. 4.8 19.1 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book

2012

185


Seychelles Population (thousands) 87 Land area (sq. km)

460 GDP ($ millions) 936.6 SubUpper Saharan middleCountry Africa income data group group

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

9,710 8,529 55.3 1.6

1,176 946 37.4 4.0

5,884 5,052 57.4 2.3

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

7 701 82

45 322 130

34 871 131

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

89.1 0.0 42.0 5 10 17 55 3.5

28.0 0.6 11.7

34.6 0.1 13.4

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

87.4 14.9 16.2 0.51 1,690 32.3

6,190 1.8 16.3 5.8 18,550 27,815

88,932 0.1 9.2 8.5 33,390 48,478

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

2,411 .. .. .. .. 7.8

689 57.3 511 65.2 18.2 0.8

1,848 8.3 2,714 72.6 21.6 5.3

.. .. 7 .. .. 100 .. .. 98

4,635 2.2 84 61 49 83 31 23 42

8,718 5.0 66 93 86 98 73 62 82

.. .. .. 14

46 .. 15 121

43 .. .. 20

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 11.9 18.0 35.1 Gross savings (% of GNI) 13.2 10.9 11.6 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 4.6 3.6 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 9.4 4.8 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 1.9 1.3 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.5 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.7 0.5 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) .. 0.5 0.7 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) .. –2.1 19.1 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)

186

2012

The Little Green Data Book


Sierra Leone Population (millions)

5.9 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

72 GDP ($ billions)

1.9

SubSaharan LowCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

340 294 38.4 2.7

1,176 946 37.4 4.0

528 472 28.3 3.7

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

48 .. 104

45 322 130

38 288 133

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

38.1 0.7 4.9 17 10 47 48 1.3

28.0 0.6 11.7

27.6 0.6 10.7

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

200 6.5 3.5 0.0 .. 1,049

6,190 1.8 16.3 5.8 18,550 27,815

10,725 3.9 4.8 .. 15,120 25,817

.. .. .. .. .. 0.2

689 57.3 511 65.2 18.2 0.8

365 65.9 229 32.0 45.7 0.3

27,878 0.3 71 55 35 87 13 6 23

4,635 2.2 84 61 49 83 31 23 42

5,381 4.3 90 65 57 86 37 32 47

37 7 13 174

46 .. 15 121

56 .. 15 108

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 13.0 18.0 25.1 Gross savings (% of GNI) 7.2 10.9 7.7 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 3.4 3.6 3.0 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 9.4 1.3 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.6 1.9 1.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 1.5 0.5 1.2 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.6 0.5 0.3 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 1.1 0.5 0.4 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 5.4 –2.1 15.9 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book

2012

187


Singapore Population (millions)

5.1 Land area (sq. km)

700 GDP ($ billions)

Country data

208.8 Highincome group

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

40,070 33,902 100.0 2.6

38,745 32,477 77.6 1.0

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

0 29,145 98

37 24,483 106

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

2.9 0.0 5.4 11 15 25 57 0.1

28.7 –0.1 12.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

5.2 –9.0 3.2 1.4 <100 4.6

28,570 –1.7 2.0 16.5 81,790 15,495

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

3,704 0.2 7,949 99.8 0.0 6.7

4,856 4.2 9,064 61.6 11.6 11.9

120 .. .. 100 .. 100 100 .. 100

8,305 9.4 41 100 98 100 100 99 100

23 .. .. 3

23 .. .. 6

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 47.7 17.6 Gross savings (% of GNI) 14.4 13.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 3.0 4.6 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 0.7 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.2 0.2 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.4 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 35.7 7.1 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)

188

2012

The Little Green Data Book


Sint Maarten (Dutch part) Population (thousands) 38 Land area (sq. km)

34 GDP ($ millions)

..

Highincome group

Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

.. .. .. ..

38,745 32,477 77.6 1.0

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

.. .. ..

37 24,483 106

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

28.7 –0.1 12.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

.. .. .. .. .. ..

28,570 –1.7 2.0 16.5 81,790 15,495

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

.. .. .. .. .. ..

4,856 4.2 9,064 61.6 11.6 11.9

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

8,305 9.4 41 100 98 100 100 99 100

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

.. .. .. ..

23 .. .. 6

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation .. 17.6 Gross savings (% of GNI) .. 13.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) .. 4.6 Education expenditure (% of GNI) .. 0.7 Energy depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.2 CO2 damage (% of GNI) .. 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) .. 7.1 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book

2012

189


Slovak Republic Population (millions)

5.4 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

48 GDP ($ billions)

Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

87.3 Highincome group

16,840 13,769 56.8 0.1

38,745 32,477 77.6 1.0

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

40 9,924 92

37 24,483 106

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

40.2 0.0 23.2 3 6 5 5 0.1

28.7 –0.1 12.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

2.3 .. .. .. .. ..

28,570 –1.7 2.0 16.5 81,790 15,495

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

3,086 5.2 4,925 26.5 16.9 6.9

4,856 4.2 9,064 61.6 11.6 11.9

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

2,325 1.4 3 100 100 100 100 99 100

8,305 9.4 41 100 98 100 100 99 100

12 .. .. 8

23 .. .. 6

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 20.4 17.6 Gross savings (% of GNI) 12.7 13.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 3.5 4.6 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 0.7 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.3 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.4 0.2 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.0 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 10.4 7.1 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)

190

2012

The Little Green Data Book


Slovenia Population (millions)

2.0 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

20 GDP ($ billions)

Highincome group

Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

46.9

23,900 19,507 48.0 –0.1

38,745 32,477 77.6 1.0

Agriculture 23 Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) 76,633 93 Food production index (2004–2006=100)

37 24,483 106

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

62.2 –0.3 13.2 4 2 29 7 0.2

28.7 –0.1 12.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

1.7 .. .. 0.68 .. ..

28,570 –1.7 2.0 16.5 81,790 15,495

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

3,417 7.2 6,103 35.1 28.7 8.5

4,856 4.2 9,064 61.6 11.6 11.9

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

9,153 3.0 0 99 99 100 100 100 100

8,305 9.4 41 100 98 100 100 99 100

26 .. .. 3

23 .. .. 6

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 22.4 17.6 Gross savings (% of GNI) 13.3 13.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 4.9 4.6 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.1 0.7 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.2 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.3 0.2 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.1 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 13.3 7.1 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book

2012

191


Solomon Islands Population (thousands) 538 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

28 GDP ($ millions) 678.6 Lower East Asia middleCountry & Pacific income data group group

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

1,030 755 18.6 4.3

3,696 3,264 45.9 3.3

1,619 1,454 39.4 2.9

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

3 1,777 110

49 585 135

47 677 128

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

79.1 0.2 0.1 20 20 16 16 4.4

29.6 –0.1 15.0

27.9 0.5 9.4

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km) Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

43.2 96,136 38,888 –0.7 3.5 2.7 44.6 9.3 9.9 0.12 1.4 4.4 5,750 137,690 144,150 603 56,537 60,615 129 .. .. .. .. 0.4

1,436 11.8 2,095 80.3 16.2 4.3

665 26.9 644 73.7 16.9 1.5

85,285 .. .. 70 65 94 32 18 98

4,506 9.9 73 90 84 97 66 57 76

3,227 12.6 88 87 83 93 47 34 66

31 .. .. 27

56 .. .. 24

58 9 11 69

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 10.2 48.4 29.2 Gross savings (% of GNI) 11.1 10.7 9.8 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 3.8 2.2 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 3.8 6.0 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 1.3 1.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 15.6 0.0 0.3 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.3 1.0 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.1 1.1 0.7 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) –6.6 32.6 13.8 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)

192

2012

The Little Green Data Book


Somalia Population (millions)

9.3 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

627 GDP ($ millions)

..

SubSaharan LowCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

.. .. 37.4 2.9

1,176 946 37.4 4.0

528 472 28.3 3.7

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

70 .. 100

45 322 130

38 288 133

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

10.8 1.0 0.6 15 12 27 21 6.1

28.0 0.6 11.7

27.6 0.6 10.7

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

30.0 1.4 .. 0.0 710 48.0

6,190 1.8 16.3 5.8 18,550 27,815

10,725 3.9 4.8 .. 15,120 25,817

.. .. .. .. .. 0.1

689 57.3 511 65.2 18.2 0.8

365 65.9 229 32.0 45.7 0.3

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

658 22.4 99 29 7 66 23 6 52

4,635 2.2 84 61 49 83 31 23 42

5,381 4.3 90 65 57 86 37 32 47

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

28 .. .. 180

46 .. 15 121

56 .. 15 108

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation .. 18.0 25.1 Gross savings (% of GNI) .. 10.9 7.7 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) .. 3.6 3.0 Education expenditure (% of GNI) .. 9.4 1.3 Energy depletion (% of GNI) .. 1.9 1.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.5 1.2 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.5 0.3 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.5 0.5 0.4 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) .. –2.1 15.9 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book

2012

193


South Africa Population (millions)

50.0 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

1,214 GDP ($ billions)

363.7

SubUpper Saharan middleCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

6,090 5,738 61.7 2.6

1,176 946 37.4 4.0

5,884 5,052 57.4 2.3

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

82 3,662 109

45 322 130

34 871 131

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

4.7 1.8 6.9 24 40 87 65 20.7

28.0 0.6 11.7

34.6 0.1 13.4

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

629 0.8 1.8 6.5 .. 30.5

6,190 1.8 16.3 5.8 18,550 27,815

88,932 0.1 9.2 8.5 33,390 48,478

2,921 9.8 4,532 94.1 0.6 8.9

689 57.3 511 65.2 18.2 0.8

1,848 8.3 2,714 72.6 21.6 5.3

908 25.0 63 91 79 99 79 67 86

4,635 2.2 84 61 49 83 31 23 42

8,718 5.0 66 93 86 98 73 62 82

26 .. .. 57

46 .. 15 121

43 .. .. 20

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 16.8 18.0 35.1 Gross savings (% of GNI) 13.5 10.9 11.6 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 5.4 3.6 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 3.3 9.4 4.8 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 2.6 1.9 1.3 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.2 0.5 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.9 0.5 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.2 0.5 0.7 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 1.6 –2.1 19.1 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)

194

2012

The Little Green Data Book


South Sudan Population (thousands)

.. Land area (sq. km)

.. GDP ($ millions)

..

SubLower Saharan middleCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

.. .. .. ..

1,176 946 37.4 4.0

1,619 1,454 39.4 2.9

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

.. .. ..

45 322 130

47 677 128

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

28.0 0.6 11.7

27.9 0.5 9.4

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

.. .. .. .. .. ..

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

.. .. .. .. .. ..

689 57.3 511 65.2 18.2 0.8

665 26.9 644 73.7 16.9 1.5

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

4,635 2.2 84 61 49 83 31 23 42

3,227 12.6 88 87 83 93 47 34 66

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

.. .. .. ..

46 .. 15 121

58 9 11 69

6,190 38,888 1.8 2.7 16.3 9.9 5.8 4.4 18,550 144,150 27,815 60,615

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation .. 18.0 29.2 Gross savings (% of GNI) .. 10.9 9.8 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) .. 3.6 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) .. 9.4 6.0 Energy depletion (% of GNI) .. 1.9 1.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.5 0.3 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.5 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) .. 0.5 0.7 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) .. –2.1 13.8 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book

2012

195


Spain Population (millions)

46.1 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

499 GDP ($ billions) 1,407.4

Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

Highincome group

31,750 26,023 77.4 1.0

38,745 32,477 77.6 1.0

Agriculture 55 Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) 22,035 104 Food production index (2004–2006=100)

37 24,483 106

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

36.4 –1.4 8.6 16 9 71 205 6.8

28.7 –0.1 12.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

1,221 –0.7 1.1 3.5 .. ..

28,570 –1.7 2.0 16.5 81,790 15,495

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

2,756 4.9 6,006 56.2 9.0 7.2

4,856 4.2 9,064 61.6 11.6 11.9

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

2,422 29.0 61 100 100 100 100 100 100

8,305 9.4 41 100 98 100 100 99 100

25 .. .. 5

23 .. .. 6

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 19.1 17.6 Gross savings (% of GNI) 13.6 13.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 4.2 4.6 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 0.7 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.2 0.2 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.2 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 9.2 7.1 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)

196

2012

The Little Green Data Book


Sri Lanka Population (millions)

20.9 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

63 GDP ($ billions)

Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

South Asia group

49.6 Lower middleincome group

2,240 2,101 15.1 0.3

1,176 1,111 30.1 2.7

1,619 1,454 39.4 2.9

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

42 966 112

55 521 123

47 677 128

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

29.7 1.2 21.5 29 15 44 282 7.9

17.1 –0.1 5.9

27.9 0.5 9.4

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

444 4.4 10.8 1.1 680 88.8

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

449 51.1 408 60.3 39.5 0.6

514 26.8 517 81.6 13.6 1.2

665 26.9 644 73.7 16.9 1.5

2,555 24.5 87 91 90 99 92 93 88

1,236 33.4 91 90 88 95 38 28 60

3,227 12.6 88 87 83 93 47 34 66

71 .. .. 17

68 10 11 67

58 9 11 69

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

13,567 38,888 2.9 2.7 8.4 9.9 1.7 4.4 15,440 144,150 10,343 60,615

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 25.1 32.7 29.2 Gross savings (% of GNI) 10.1 9.2 9.8 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 1.7 2.9 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 2.3 6.0 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 1.1 1.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.3 0.6 0.3 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.2 0.8 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.3 0.7 0.7 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 15.9 20.9 13.8 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book

2012

197


St. Kitts and Nevis Population (thousands) 52 Land area (sq. km)

260 GDP ($ millions) 651.7 Latin America & Country Caribbean data group

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

Upper middleincome group

11,830 .. 32.4 0.8

7,733 6,894 79.3 2.0

5,884 5,052 57.4 2.3

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

19 1,317 78

36 3,663 131

34 871 131

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

42.3 0.0 3.6 2 1 18 2 0.1

47.0 0.5 20.2

34.6 0.1 13.4

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

21.1 19.3 .. 0.53 180 0.68

13,464 –1.6 11.2 13.1 15,280 39,997

88,932 0.1 9.2 8.5 33,390 48,478

1,645 .. .. .. .. 4.9

1,245 17.0 1,892 37.8 55.5 2.8

1,848 8.3 2,714 72.6 21.6 5.3

464 .. .. 99 99 99 96 96 96

23,323 1.6 68 94 81 98 79 59 84

8,718 5.0 66 93 86 98 73 62 82

15 .. .. 8

30 .. .. 23

43 .. .. 20

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 7.7 20.9 35.1 Gross savings (% of GNI) 12.9 12.1 11.6 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 3.5 4.7 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 3.8 4.8 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 1.6 1.3 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.0 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.3 0.3 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) .. 0.4 0.7 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) .. 7.4 19.1 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)

198

2012

The Little Green Data Book


St. Lucia Population (thousands) 174 Land area (sq. km)

610 GDP ($ billions) Latin America & Country Caribbean data group

1.2 Upper middleincome group

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

6,560 .. 28.0 1.1

7,733 6,894 79.3 2.0

5,884 5,052 57.4 2.3

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

18 1,351 103

36 3,663 131

34 871 131

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

77.0 –0.3 14.3 2 5 19 5 1.4

47.0 0.5 20.2

34.6 0.1 13.4

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

1.9 3.5 3.5 0.06 160 1.9

13,464 –1.6 11.2 13.1 15,280 39,997

88,932 0.1 9.2 8.5 33,390 48,478

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

760 .. .. .. .. 2.3

1,245 17.0 1,892 37.8 55.5 2.8

1,848 8.3 2,714 72.6 21.6 5.3

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

.. .. .. 96 95 98 65 63 71

23,323 1.6 68 94 81 98 79 59 84

8,718 5.0 66 93 86 98 73 62 82

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

30 .. .. 16

30 .. .. 23

43 .. .. 20

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 19.3 20.9 35.1 Gross savings (% of GNI) 11.8 12.1 11.6 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 4.5 4.7 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 3.8 4.8 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 1.6 1.3 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.0 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.3 0.3 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.0 0.4 0.7 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) .. 7.4 19.1 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book

2012

199


St. Martin (French part) Population (thousands) 30 Land area (sq. km)

54 GDP ($ millions)

Country data

..

Highincome group

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

.. .. .. ..

38,745 32,477 77.6 1.0

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

.. .. ..

37 24,483 106

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

.. .. .. 1 0 4 2 ..

28.7 –0.1 12.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

.. .. .. .. .. ..

28,570 –1.7 2.0 16.5 81,790 15,495

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

.. .. .. .. .. ..

4,856 4.2 9,064 61.6 11.6 11.9

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

8,305 9.4 41 100 98 100 100 99 100

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

.. .. .. ..

23 .. .. 6

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation .. 17.6 Gross savings (% of GNI) .. 13.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) .. 4.6 Education expenditure (% of GNI) .. 0.7 Energy depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.2 CO2 damage (% of GNI) .. 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) .. 7.1 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)

200

2012

The Little Green Data Book


St. Vincent & Grenadines Population (thousands) 109 Land area (sq. km)

390 GDP ($ millions) 704.8 Latin America & Country Caribbean data group

Upper middleincome group

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

6,320 5,610 47.8 0.9

7,733 6,894 79.3 2.0

5,884 5,052 57.4 2.3

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

26 2,689 103

36 3,663 131

34 871 131

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

69.2 –0.4 10.9 2 2 19 4 1.0

47.0 0.5 20.2

34.6 0.1 13.4

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

65.6 10.5 .. 0.61 140 0.90

13,464 –1.6 11.2 13.1 15,280 39,997

88,932 0.1 9.2 8.5 33,390 48,478

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

642 .. .. .. .. 1.8

1,245 17.0 1,892 37.8 55.5 2.8

1,848 8.3 2,714 72.6 21.6 5.3

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. 96 ..

23,323 1.6 68 94 81 98 79 59 84

8,718 5.0 66 93 86 98 73 62 82

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

23 .. .. 21

30 .. .. 23

43 .. .. 20

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation –6.6 20.9 35.1 Gross savings (% of GNI) 11.5 12.1 11.6 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 4.5 4.7 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 3.8 4.8 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 1.6 1.3 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.2 0.3 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.1 0.4 0.7 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) –13.9 7.4 19.1 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book

2012

201


Sudan Population (millions)

43.6 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

2,376 GDP ($ billions)

62.0

SubLower Saharan middleCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

1,270 987 45.2 5.1

1,176 946 37.4 4.0

1,619 1,454 39.4 2.9

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

58 929 103

45 322 130

47 677 128

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

29.4 0.4 4.2 15 15 19 16 5.1

28.0 0.6 11.7

27.9 0.5 9.4

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

73.9 4.2 11.9 0.05 2,720 9.8

6,190 38,888 1.8 2.7 16.3 9.9 5.8 4.4 18,550 144,150 27,815 60,615

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

372 68.0 114 52.2 47.8 0.3

689 57.3 511 65.2 18.2 0.8

665 26.9 644 73.7 16.9 1.5

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

706 57.6 97 58 52 67 26 14 44

4,635 2.2 84 61 49 83 31 23 42

3,227 12.6 88 87 83 93 47 34 66

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

137 .. .. 103

46 .. 15 121

58 9 11 69

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 19.7 18.0 29.2 Gross savings (% of GNI) 10.3 10.9 9.8 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 0.9 3.6 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 12.9 9.4 6.0 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 1.9 1.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.5 0.3 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.2 0.5 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.9 0.5 0.7 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) –3.6 –2.1 13.8 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)

202

2012

The Little Green Data Book


Suriname Population (thousands) 525 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

156 GDP ($ billions) Latin America & Country Caribbean data group

3.3 Upper middleincome group

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

5,920 5,213 75.6 1.8

7,733 6,894 79.3 2.0

5,884 5,052 57.4 2.3

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

1 3,394 118

36 3,663 131

34 871 131

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

94.6 0.0 11.6 8 0 26 26 2.7

47.0 0.5 20.2

34.6 0.1 13.4

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

34.5 8.7 .. 22.9 .. 510

13,464 –1.6 11.2 13.1 15,280 39,997

88,932 0.1 9.2 8.5 33,390 48,478

1,400 .. .. .. .. 4.7

1,245 17.0 1,892 37.8 55.5 2.8

1,848 8.3 2,714 72.6 21.6 5.3

169,276 0.5 93 92 81 97 83 66 90

23,323 1.6 68 94 81 98 79 59 84

8,718 5.0 66 93 86 98 73 62 82

22 .. .. 31

30 .. .. 23

43 .. .. 20

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 9.2 20.9 35.1 Gross savings (% of GNI) 11.3 12.1 11.6 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) .. 4.7 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 3.8 4.8 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 5.5 1.6 1.3 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.6 0.3 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.2 0.4 0.7 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) .. 7.4 19.1 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book

2012

203


Swaziland Population (millions)

1.1 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

17 GDP ($ billions)

3.6

SubLower Saharan middleCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

2,950 3,033 25.5 2.1

1,176 946 37.4 4.0

1,619 1,454 39.4 2.9

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

71 1,217 101

45 322 130

47 677 128

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

32.7 –0.9 3.0 5 11 4 3 0.1

28.0 0.6 11.7

27.9 0.5 9.4

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

0.28 0.4 8.0 .. .. ..

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

6,190 38,888 1.8 2.7 16.3 9.9 5.8 4.4 18,550 144,150 27,815 60,615

415 .. .. .. .. 1.1

689 57.3 511 65.2 18.2 0.8

665 26.9 644 73.7 16.9 1.5

2,530 23.1 97 71 65 91 57 55 64

4,635 2.2 84 61 49 83 31 23 42

3,227 12.6 88 87 83 93 47 34 66

38 8 13 78

46 .. 15 121

58 9 11 69

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 2.7 18.0 29.2 Gross savings (% of GNI) 10.6 10.9 9.8 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 6.9 3.6 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 9.4 6.0 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 1.9 1.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.1 0.5 0.3 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.2 0.5 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.1 0.5 0.7 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) –1.4 –2.1 13.8 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)

204

2012

The Little Green Data Book


Sweden Population (millions)

9.4 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

410 GDP ($ billions)

Highincome group

Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

458.6

50,100 43,007 84.7 0.6

38,745 32,477 77.6 1.0

Agriculture 8 Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) 51,585 101 Food production index (2004–2006=100)

37 24,483 106

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

68.7 –0.2 10.9 1 2 12 4 0.3

28.7 –0.1 12.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

223 –0.8 0.8 5.3 .. ..

28,570 –1.7 2.0 16.5 81,790 15,495

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

4,883 22.9 14,142 2.3 48.2 5.3

4,856 4.2 9,064 61.6 11.6 11.9

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

18,390 1.5 4 100 100 100 100 100 100

8,305 9.4 41 100 98 100 100 99 100

10 .. .. 3

23 .. .. 6

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 24.5 17.6 Gross savings (% of GNI) 13.2 13.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 6.2 4.6 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 0.7 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.4 0.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.1 0.2 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.0 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 17.0 7.1 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book

2012

205


Switzerland Population (millions)

7.8 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

40 GDP ($ billions)

Country data

527.9 Highincome group

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

71,520 62,855 73.6 0.8

38,745 32,477 77.6 1.0

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

38 27,066 103

37 24,483 106

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

31.0 –0.4 24.9 2 1 9 2 0.2

28.7 –0.1 12.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

2.9 –3.2 0.8 .. .. ..

28,570 –1.7 2.0 16.5 81,790 15,495

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

3,480 8.2 8,021 1.2 53.6 5.3

4,856 4.2 9,064 61.6 11.6 11.9

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

5,217 4.9 2 100 100 100 100 100 100

8,305 9.4 41 100 98 100 100 99 100

22 .. .. 5

23 .. .. 6

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 33.4 17.6 Gross savings (% of GNI) 13.5 13.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 5.3 4.6 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 0.7 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.1 0.2 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.1 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 25.0 7.1 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)

206

2012

The Little Green Data Book


Syrian Arab Republic Population (millions)

20.4 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

184 GDP ($ billions)

59.1

Middle Lower East & middleCountry N. Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

2,750 2,173 54.9 3.1

3,874 3,091 58.0 2.5

1,619 1,454 39.4 2.9

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

76 .. 96

23 2,627 132

47 677 128

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

2.7 –1.4 0.6 16 14 34 2 0.9

2.4 –0.1 3.9

27.9 0.5 9.4

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

15.2 4.0 5.9 0.63 .. ..

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

3,614 38,888 2.9 2.7 13.4 9.9 2.0 4.4 5,700 144,150 217 60,615

1,123 0.0 1,563 95.7 4.3 3.6

1,399 0.9 1,497 93.4 4.9 3.8

665 26.9 644 73.7 16.9 1.5

356 99.8 88 90 86 93 95 93 96

695 70.0 86 89 81 94 88 80 94

3,227 12.6 88 87 83 93 47 34 66

71 .. .. 16

66 .. .. 34

58 9 11 69

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 17.4 19.2 29.2 Gross savings (% of GNI) 10.6 10.7 9.8 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 2.6 4.3 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 11.7 12.4 6.0 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.1 0.4 1.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.1 0.3 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 1.0 0.7 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 1.3 0.9 0.7 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) –4.8 –1.6 13.8 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book

2012

207


Tajikistan Population (millions)

6.9 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

140 GDP ($ billions)

5.6

Europe & Central LowCountry Asia income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

800 734 26.5 0.4

7,272 5,727 64.1 0.3

528 472 28.3 3.7

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

34 577 118

28 3,204 126

38 288 133

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

2.9 0.0 4.1 8 12 5 13 0.7

38.6 0.0 7.5

27.6 0.6 10.7

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

0.68 –2.8 –9.3 .. .. ..

5,573 –3.1 –0.9 10.4 .. ..

10,725 3.9 4.8 .. 15,120 25,817

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

342 0.0 1,985 2.0 98.0 0.5

2,831 1.9 3,859 65.4 18.0 7.8

365 65.9 229 32.0 45.7 0.3

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

9,774 74.8 92 64 54 92 94 94 95

12,885 5.0 63 96 91 99 84 80 87

5,381 4.3 90 65 57 86 37 32 47

30 .. .. 63

23 .. .. 23

56 .. 15 108

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 2.6 23.9 25.1 Gross savings (% of GNI) 8.6 12.2 7.7 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 3.2 3.6 3.0 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.4 8.6 1.3 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.4 0.8 1.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 1.2 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.5 0.8 0.3 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.2 0.4 0.4 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) –4.3 4.8 15.9 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)

208

2012

The Little Green Data Book


Tanzania Population (millions)

44.8 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

886 GDP ($ billions)

23.1

SubSaharan LowCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

530 456 26.4 4.5

1,176 946 37.4 4.0

528 472 28.3 3.7

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

40 292 106

45 322 130

38 288 133

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

37.7 1.1 27.5 35 42 174 290 14.8

28.0 0.6 11.7

27.6 0.6 10.7

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

350 –0.9 8.7 10.0 3,580 1,287

6,190 1.8 16.3 5.8 18,550 27,815

10,725 3.9 4.8 .. 15,120 25,817

451 87.7 86 39.8 60.2 0.2

689 57.3 511 65.2 18.2 0.8

365 65.9 229 32.0 45.7 0.3

1,930 5.4 89 53 44 79 10 7 20

4,635 2.2 84 61 49 83 31 23 42

5,381 4.3 90 65 57 86 37 32 47

20 4 15 92

46 .. 15 121

56 .. 15 108

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 21.1 18.0 25.1 Gross savings (% of GNI) 7.9 10.9 7.7 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 2.4 3.6 3.0 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.3 9.4 1.3 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 2.9 1.9 1.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.5 1.2 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.2 0.5 0.3 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.1 0.5 0.4 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 12.1 –2.1 15.9 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book

2012

209


Thailand Population (millions)

69.1 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

511 GDP ($ billions)

318.5

Upper East Asia middleCountry & Pacific income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

4,150 3,805 34.0 1.7

3,696 3,264 45.9 3.3

5,884 5,052 57.4 2.3

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

39 706 112

49 585 135

34 871 131

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

37.1 0.1 20.1 57 46 97 86 8.0

29.6 –0.1 15.0

34.6 0.1 13.4

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

3,113 96,136 –1.6 3.5 7.7 9.3 4.4 1.4 2,130 137,690 2,484 56,537

88,932 0.1 9.2 8.5 33,390 48,478

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

1,504 19.9 2,045 91.1 4.8 4.2

1,436 11.8 2,095 80.3 16.2 4.3

1,848 8.3 2,714 72.6 21.6 5.3

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

3,268 13.1 90 96 95 97 96 96 95

4,506 9.9 73 90 84 97 66 57 76

8,718 5.0 66 93 86 98 73 62 82

53 .. .. 13

56 .. .. 24

43 .. .. 20

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 32.3 48.4 35.1 Gross savings (% of GNI) 11.4 10.7 11.6 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 4.1 2.2 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 2.2 3.8 4.8 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.1 1.3 1.3 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.1 0.0 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.8 1.0 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.3 1.1 0.7 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 21.5 32.6 19.1 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)

210

2012

The Little Green Data Book


Timor-Leste Population (millions)

1.1 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

15 GDP ($ millions) 701.0 Lower East Asia middleCountry & Pacific income data group group

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

2,220 .. 28.1 3.6

3,696 3,264 45.9 3.3

1,619 1,454 39.4 2.9

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

25 .. 129

49 585 135

47 677 128

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

49.9 1.3 6.1 4 7 5 0 0.6

29.6 –0.1 15.0

27.9 0.5 9.4

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

4.7 96,136 38,888 .. 3.5 2.7 .. 9.3 9.9 6.7 1.4 4.4 .. 137,690 144,150 18.0 56,537 60,615

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

58 .. .. .. .. 0.2

1,436 11.8 2,095 80.3 16.2 4.3

665 26.9 644 73.7 16.9 1.5

7,469 14.3 91 69 60 91 47 37 73

4,506 9.9 73 90 84 97 66 57 76

3,227 12.6 88 87 83 93 47 34 66

.. 2 16 81

56 .. .. 24

58 9 11 69

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation .. 48.4 29.2 Gross savings (% of GNI) 2.1 10.7 9.8 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 3.3 2.2 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 3.8 6.0 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 1.3 1.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.0 0.3 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.1 1.0 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) .. 1.1 0.7 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) .. 32.6 13.8 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book

2012

211


Togo Population (millions)

6.0 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

54 GDP ($ billions)

3.2

SubSaharan LowCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

490 412 43.4 4.3

1,176 946 37.4 4.0

528 472 28.3 3.7

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

62 437 114

45 322 130

38 288 133

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

5.3 4.3 11.3 11 5 24 9 0.3

28.0 0.6 11.7

27.6 0.6 10.7

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

27.6 2.8 7.9 0.0 .. 10.9

6,190 1.8 16.3 5.8 18,550 27,815

10,725 3.9 4.8 .. 15,120 25,817

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

445 83.1 111 24.6 73.8 0.2

689 57.3 511 65.2 18.2 0.8

365 65.9 229 32.0 45.7 0.3

1,949 1.2 45 61 40 89 13 3 26

4,635 2.2 84 61 49 83 31 23 42

5,381 4.3 90 65 57 86 37 32 47

28 .. .. 103

46 .. 15 121

56 .. 15 108

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation –3.5 18.0 25.1 Gross savings (% of GNI) 8.8 10.9 7.7 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 4.4 3.6 3.0 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 9.4 1.3 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 1.3 1.9 1.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 2.1 0.5 1.2 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.4 0.5 0.3 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.1 0.5 0.4 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) –11.5 –2.1 15.9 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)

212

2012

The Little Green Data Book


Tonga Population (thousands) 104 Land area (sq. km)

720 GDP ($ millions) 348.3 Lower East Asia middleCountry & Pacific income data group group

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

3,290 3,037 25.3 1.0

3,696 3,264 45.9 3.3

1,619 1,454 39.4 2.9

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

43 3,396 107

49 585 135

47 677 128

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

12.5 0.0 14.5 2 4 11 2 1.0

29.6 –0.1 15.0

27.9 0.5 9.4

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

2.2 96,136 38,888 1.4 3.5 2.7 .. 9.3 9.9 9.4 1.4 4.4 1,500 137,690 144,150 3.4 56,537 60,615

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

567 .. .. .. .. 1.7

1,436 11.8 2,095 80.3 16.2 4.3

665 26.9 644 73.7 16.9 1.5

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

.. .. .. 100 100 100 96 96 98

4,506 9.9 73 90 84 97 66 57 76

3,227 12.6 88 87 83 93 47 34 66

.. .. .. 16

56 .. .. 24

58 9 11 69

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 7.7 48.4 29.2 Gross savings (% of GNI) 10.3 10.7 9.8 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 3.0 2.2 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 3.8 6.0 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 1.3 1.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 0.3 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.4 1.0 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) .. 1.1 0.7 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) .. 32.6 13.8 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book

2012

213


Trinidad and Tobago Population (millions)

1.3 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

5.1 GDP ($ billions)

Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

20.6 Highincome group

15,380 7,838 13.9 3.0

38,745 32,477 77.6 1.0

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

11 1,024 107

37 24,483 106

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

44.1 0.3 31.2 2 2 24 1 2.2

28.7 –0.1 12.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

13.9 0.6 10.2 2.8 <100 65.7

28,570 –1.7 2.0 16.5 81,790 15,495

15,158 0.1 5,662 99.8 0.0 37.4

4,856 4.2 9,064 61.6 11.6 11.9

2,874 6.0 9 94 93 98 92 92 92

8,305 9.4 41 100 98 100 100 99 100

98 .. .. 27

23 .. .. 6

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 36.4 17.6 Gross savings (% of GNI) 13.4 13.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 4.0 4.6 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 32.0 0.7 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 1.5 0.2 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.3 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) –26.0 7.1 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)

214

2012

The Little Green Data Book


Tunisia Population (millions)

10.5 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

155 GDP ($ billions)

44.3

Middle Upper East & middleCountry N. Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

4,160 3,329 67.3 2.0

3,874 3,091 58.0 2.5

5,884 5,052 57.4 2.3

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

63 3,050 101

23 2,627 132

34 871 131

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

6.5 –2.3 1.3 13 6 35 6 0.5

2.4 –0.1 3.9

34.6 0.1 13.4

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

103 0.5 8.7 1.2 .. ..

3,614 2.9 13.4 2.0 5,700 217

88,932 0.1 9.2 8.5 33,390 48,478

881 14.1 1,311 98.9 0.5 2.4

1,399 0.9 1,497 93.4 4.9 3.8

1,848 8.3 2,714 72.6 21.6 5.3

402 61.7 76 94 84 99 85 64 96

695 70.0 86 89 81 94 88 80 94

8,718 5.0 66 93 86 98 73 62 82

23 .. .. 16

66 .. .. 34

43 .. .. 20

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 21.4 19.2 35.1 Gross savings (% of GNI) 11.3 10.7 11.6 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 6.0 4.3 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 4.1 12.4 4.8 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.9 0.4 1.3 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.1 0.1 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.5 0.7 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.1 0.9 0.7 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 10.3 –1.6 19.1 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book

2012

215


Turkey Population (millions)

72.8 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

770 GDP ($ billions)

734.4

Europe & Upper Central middleCountry Asia income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

9,890 8,753 69.6 2.3

7,272 5,727 64.1 0.3

5,884 5,052 57.4 2.3

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

51 3,770 108

28 3,204 126

34 871 131

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

14.7 –0.8 1.9 17 14 70 5 6.2

38.6 0.0 7.5

34.6 0.1 13.4

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

654 1.2 18.3 2.4 .. ..

5,573 –3.1 –0.9 10.4 .. ..

88,932 0.1 9.2 8.5 33,390 48,478

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

1,359 4.8 2,298 80.4 18.5 4.0

2,831 1.9 3,859 65.4 18.0 7.8

1,848 8.3 2,714 72.6 21.6 5.3

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

3,160 18.8 74 100 99 100 90 75 97

12,885 5.0 63 96 91 99 84 80 87

8,718 5.0 66 93 86 98 73 62 82

37 .. .. 18

23 .. .. 23

43 .. .. 20

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 13.7 23.9 35.1 Gross savings (% of GNI) 12.1 12.2 11.6 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 2.6 3.6 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.2 8.6 4.8 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.1 0.8 1.3 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.3 0.8 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.9 0.4 0.7 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 2.7 4.8 19.1 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)

216

2012

The Little Green Data Book


Turkmenistan Population (millions)

5.0 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

470 GDP ($ billions)

20.0

Europe & Lower Central middleCountry Asia income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

3,790 .. 49.5 2.1

7,272 5,727 64.1 0.3

1,619 1,454 39.4 2.9

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

69 2,156 113

28 3,204 126

47 677 128

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

8.8 0.0 3.0 9 16 11 3 1.8

38.6 0.0 7.5

27.9 0.5 9.4

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

15.0 –5.1 –21.9 .. .. ..

5,573 38,888 –3.1 2.7 –0.9 9.9 10.4 4.4 .. 144,150 .. 60,615

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

3,933 0.0 2,446 100.0 0.0 9.7

2,831 1.9 3,859 65.4 18.0 7.8

665 26.9 644 73.7 16.9 1.5

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

273 100.8 97 84 72 97 98 97 99

12,885 5.0 63 96 91 99 84 80 87

3,227 12.6 88 87 83 93 47 34 66

41 .. .. 56

23 .. .. 23

58 9 11 69

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation .. 23.9 29.2 Gross savings (% of GNI) 11.8 12.2 9.8 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) .. 3.6 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 35.1 8.6 6.0 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.8 1.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.0 0.3 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 2.5 0.8 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.8 0.4 0.7 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) .. 4.8 13.8 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book

2012

217


Turks and Caicos Islands Population (thousands) 38 Land area (sq. km)

950 GDP ($ millions)

Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

..

Highincome group

.. .. 93.3 7.1

38,745 32,477 77.6 1.0

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

1 .. ..

37 24,483 106

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

35.8 0.0 42.9 2 2 17 2 ..

28.7 –0.1 12.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

5.4 1.9 .. 0.95 730 236

28,570 –1.7 2.0 16.5 81,790 15,495

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

.. .. .. .. .. 4.4

4,856 4.2 9,064 61.6 11.6 11.9

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

.. .. .. 100 100 100 .. .. 98

8,305 9.4 41 100 98 100 100 99 100

.. .. .. ..

23 .. .. 6

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation .. 17.6 Gross savings (% of GNI) .. 13.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) .. 4.6 Education expenditure (% of GNI) .. 0.7 Energy depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.2 CO2 damage (% of GNI) .. 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) .. 7.1 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)

218

2012

The Little Green Data Book


Tuvalu Population (thousands) 10 Land area (sq. km)

30 GDP ($ millions)

31.4

Lower East Asia middleCountry & Pacific income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

4,760 .. 50.4 1.5

3,696 3,264 45.9 3.3

1,619 1,454 39.4 2.9

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

33 2,590 102

49 585 135

47 677 128

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

33.3 0.0 0.4 2 1 10 0 0.3

29.6 –0.1 15.0

27.9 0.5 9.4

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

11.3 96,136 38,888 16.7 3.5 2.7 .. 9.3 9.9 0.19 1.4 4.4 710 137,690 144,150 0.40 56,537 60,615

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

.. .. .. .. .. ..

1,436 11.8 2,095 80.3 16.2 4.3

665 26.9 644 73.7 16.9 1.5

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

.. .. .. 98 97 98 85 81 88

4,506 9.9 73 90 84 97 66 57 76

3,227 12.6 88 87 83 93 47 34 66

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

.. .. .. 33

56 .. .. 24

58 9 11 69

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation .. 48.4 29.2 Gross savings (% of GNI) 6.4 10.7 9.8 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) .. 2.2 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 3.8 6.0 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 1.3 1.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.0 0.3 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) .. 1.0 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) .. 1.1 0.7 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) .. 32.6 13.8 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book

2012

219


Uganda Population (millions)

33.4 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

200 GDP ($ billions)

17.0

SubSaharan LowCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

500 438 13.3 4.1

1,176 946 37.4 4.0

528 472 28.3 3.7

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

70 200 105

45 322 130

38 288 133

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

15.0 2.3 10.3 22 21 61 36 2.8

28.0 0.6 11.7

27.6 0.6 10.7

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

509 2.7 45.6 .. .. ..

6,190 1.8 16.3 5.8 18,550 27,815

10,725 3.9 4.8 .. 15,120 25,817

.. .. .. .. .. 0.1

689 57.3 511 65.2 18.2 0.8

365 65.9 229 32.0 45.7 0.3

1,205 0.5 36 72 68 95 34 34 34

4,635 2.2 84 61 49 83 31 23 42

5,381 4.3 90 65 57 86 37 32 47

11 23 26 99

46 .. 15 121

56 .. 15 108

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 19.1 18.0 25.1 Gross savings (% of GNI) 8.0 10.9 7.7 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 3.0 3.6 3.0 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 9.4 1.3 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 1.9 1.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 4.5 0.5 1.2 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.2 0.5 0.3 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.0 0.5 0.4 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 9.4 –2.1 15.9 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)

220

2012

The Little Green Data Book


Ukraine Population (millions)

45.9 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

579 GDP ($ billions)

137.9

Europe & Lower Central middleCountry Asia income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

3,000 2,544 68.1 –0.5

7,272 5,727 64.1 0.3

1,619 1,454 39.4 2.9

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

71 2,500 106

28 3,204 126

47 677 128

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

16.8 –0.2 3.5 11 11 21 16 0.5

38.6 0.0 7.5

27.9 0.5 9.4

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

209 –7.4 –6.1 4.9 .. ..

5,573 38,888 –3.1 2.7 –0.9 9.9 10.4 4.4 .. 144,150 .. 60,615

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

2,507 0.8 3,200 45.2 6.8 7.0

2,831 1.9 3,859 65.4 18.0 7.8

665 26.9 644 73.7 16.9 1.5

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

1,153 27.6 51 98 98 98 94 89 96

12,885 5.0 63 96 91 99 84 80 87

3,227 12.6 88 87 83 93 47 34 66

17 .. .. 13

23 .. .. 23

58 9 11 69

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 17.5 23.9 29.2 Gross savings (% of GNI) 10.4 12.2 9.8 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 5.9 3.6 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 3.7 8.6 6.0 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.8 1.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 0.3 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 1.7 0.8 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.1 0.4 0.7 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 7.4 4.8 13.8 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book

2012

221


United Arab Emirates Population (millions)

7.5 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

84 GDP ($ billions)

Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

297.6 Highincome group

41,930 .. 78.0 7.0

38,745 32,477 77.6 1.0

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

7 .. 113

37 24,483 106

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

3.8 –1.3 5.6 7 9 13 0 0.2

28.7 –0.1 12.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

79.6 –0.9 .. 2.6 1,190 68.2

28,570 –1.7 2.0 16.5 81,790 15,495

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

8,588 0.0 11,464 100.0 0.0 25.0

4,856 4.2 9,064 61.6 11.6 11.9

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

22 2,032.0 83 100 100 100 98 95 98

8,305 9.4 41 100 98 100 100 99 100

62 .. .. 7

23 .. .. 6

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation .. 17.6 Gross savings (% of GNI) 13.6 13.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) .. 4.6 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 10.9 0.7 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.4 0.2 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.8 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) .. 7.1 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)

222

2012

The Little Green Data Book


United Kingdom Population (millions)

62.2 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

242 GDP ($ billions) 2,261.7 Highincome group

Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

38,200 31,040 90.1 0.5

38,745 32,477 77.6 1.0

Agriculture 72 Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) 25,681 101 Food production index (2004–2006=100)

37 24,483 106

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

11.9 –0.5 26.4 5 2 43 11 3.5

28.7 –0.1 12.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

814 –1.1 7.2 5.7 .. ..

28,570 –1.7 2.0 16.5 81,790 15,495

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

3,183 2.7 5,692 74.2 1.4 8.5

4,856 4.2 9,064 61.6 11.6 11.9

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

2,346 8.8 10 100 100 100 100 100 100

8,305 9.4 41 100 98 100 100 99 100

13 .. .. 5

23 .. .. 6

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 11.9 17.6 Gross savings (% of GNI) 13.6 13.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 5.1 4.6 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 1.3 0.7 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.2 0.2 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.0 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 1.8 7.1 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book

2012

223


United States Population (millions) 309.3 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

9,147 GDP ($ billions) 14,586.7

Country data

Highincome group

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

47,340 40,256 82.3 1.5

38,745 32,477 77.6 1.0

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

44 51,120 109

37 24,483 106

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

33.2 –0.1 12.4 37 76 183 219 94.2

28.7 –0.1 12.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

4,865 –1.2 2.3 28.6 1,250 3,030

28,570 –1.7 2.0 16.5 81,790 15,495

7,051 3.9 12,914 69.5 6.6 18.0

4,856 4.2 9,064 61.6 11.6 11.9

9,186 15.6 40 99 94 100 100 99 100

8,305 9.4 41 100 98 100 100 99 100

18 .. .. 8

23 .. .. 6

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 10.9 17.6 Gross savings (% of GNI) 14.0 13.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 4.8 4.6 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.8 0.7 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.1 0.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.3 0.2 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.1 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 0.4 7.1 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)

224

2012

The Little Green Data Book


Uruguay Population (millions)

3.4 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

175 GDP ($ billions) Latin America & Country Caribbean data group

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

39.1 Upper middleincome group

10,230 9,746 92.5 0.6

7,733 6,894 79.3 2.0

5,884 5,052 57.4 2.3

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

85 8,682 109

36 3,663 131

34 871 131

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

10.0 –3.2 0.3 11 24 36 0 1.2

47.0 0.5 20.2

34.6 0.1 13.4

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

74.2 –1.0 18.2 0.33 .. ..

13,464 –1.6 11.2 13.1 15,280 39,997

88,932 0.1 9.2 8.5 33,390 48,478

1,224 26.0 2,671 31.3 59.4 2.5

1,245 17.0 1,892 37.8 55.5 2.8

1,848 8.3 2,714 72.6 21.6 5.3

17,639 2.6 87 100 100 100 100 99 100

23,323 1.6 68 94 81 98 79 59 84

8,718 5.0 66 93 86 98 73 62 82

142 .. .. 11

30 .. .. 23

43 .. .. 20

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 17.3 20.9 35.1 Gross savings (% of GNI) 12.6 12.1 11.6 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 2.3 4.7 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 3.8 4.8 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.1 1.6 1.3 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.5 0.0 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.2 0.3 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 1.8 0.4 0.7 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 4.4 7.4 19.1 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book

2012

225


Uzbekistan Population (millions)

28.2 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

425 GDP ($ billions)

39.0

Europe & Lower Central middleCountry Asia income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

1,280 990 36.9 1.2

7,272 5,727 64.1 0.3

1,619 1,454 39.4 2.9

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

63 2,782 123

28 3,204 126

47 677 128

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

7.7 –0.4 2.3 10 15 7 15 1.1

38.6 0.0 7.5

27.9 0.5 9.4

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

10.7 –0.8 –5.8 .. .. ..

5,573 38,888 –3.1 2.7 –0.9 9.9 10.4 4.4 .. 144,150 .. 60,615

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

1,758 0.0 1,636 81.3 18.7 4.6

2,831 1.9 3,859 65.4 18.0 7.8

665 26.9 644 73.7 16.9 1.5

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

588 118.3 91 87 81 98 100 100 100

12,885 5.0 63 96 91 99 84 80 87

3,227 12.6 88 87 83 93 47 34 66

37 .. .. 52

23 .. .. 23

58 9 11 69

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation .. 23.9 29.2 Gross savings (% of GNI) 9.2 12.2 9.8 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 9.4 3.6 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 13.7 8.6 6.0 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 5.5 0.8 1.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 0.3 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 2.9 0.8 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.4 0.4 0.7 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) .. 4.8 13.8 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)

226

2012

The Little Green Data Book


Vanuatu Population (thousands) 240 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

12 GDP ($ millions) 698.8 Lower East Asia middleCountry & Pacific income data group group

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

2,640 2,529 25.6 4.0

3,696 3,264 45.9 3.3

1,619 1,454 39.4 2.9

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

15 1,959 101

49 585 135

47 677 128

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

36.1 0.0 4.3 8 8 15 8 2.1

29.6 –0.1 15.0

27.9 0.5 9.4

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km) Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

97.9 96,136 38,888 4.3 3.5 2.7 .. 9.3 9.9 0.05 1.4 4.4 4,110 137,690 144,150 20.5 56,537 60,615 157 .. .. .. .. 0.4

1,436 11.8 2,095 80.3 16.2 4.3

665 26.9 644 73.7 16.9 1.5

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

.. .. .. 90 87 98 57 54 64

4,506 9.9 73 90 84 97 66 57 76

3,227 12.6 88 87 83 93 47 34 66

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

14 .. .. 14

56 .. .. 24

58 9 11 69

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 19.6 48.4 29.2 Gross savings (% of GNI) 10.5 10.7 9.8 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 5.2 2.2 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 3.8 6.0 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 1.3 1.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 0.3 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.1 1.0 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.0 1.1 0.7 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 15.1 32.6 13.8 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book

2012

227


Venezuela, RB Population (millions)

28.8 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

882 GDP ($ billions) Latin America & Country Caribbean data group

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

391.8 Upper middleincome group

11,590 10,142 94.0 2.4

7,733 6,894 79.3 2.0

5,884 5,052 57.4 2.3

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

24 7,667 106

36 3,663 131

34 871 131

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

52.5 0.6 53.8 32 27 37 68 25.3

47.0 0.5 20.2

34.6 0.1 13.4

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

293 –1.0 18.3 15.3 480 3,569

13,464 –1.6 11.2 13.1 15,280 39,997

88,932 0.1 9.2 8.5 33,390 48,478

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

2,357 0.8 3,152 27.2 72.8 6.1

1,245 17.0 1,892 37.8 55.5 2.8

1,848 8.3 2,714 72.6 21.6 5.3

25,451 0.7 44 92 75 94 91 57 94

23,323 1.6 68 94 81 98 79 59 84

8,718 5.0 66 93 86 98 73 62 82

9 .. .. 18

30 .. .. 23

43 .. .. 20

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 31.7 20.9 35.1 Gross savings (% of GNI) 12.4 12.1 11.6 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 3.6 4.7 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 12.0 3.8 4.8 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.4 1.6 1.3 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.3 0.3 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.0 0.4 0.7 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 10.1 7.4 19.1 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)

228

2012

The Little Green Data Book


Vietnam Population (millions)

86.9 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

310 GDP ($ billions)

106.4

Lower East Asia middleCountry & Pacific income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

1,160 952 28.8 3.1

3,696 3,264 45.9 3.3

1,619 1,454 39.4 2.9

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

33 367 114

49 585 135

47 677 128

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

44.5 –2.0 6.2 54 43 68 119 12.1

29.6 –0.1 15.0

27.9 0.5 9.4

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km) Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

5,128 96,136 38,888 5.8 3.5 2.7 15.1 9.3 9.9 1.7 1.4 4.4 1,270 137,690 144,150 1,056 56,537 60,615 745 39.3 918 64.0 36.0 1.5

1,436 11.8 2,095 80.3 16.2 4.3

665 26.9 644 73.7 16.9 1.5

4,178 9.3 95 95 93 99 76 68 94

4,506 9.9 73 90 84 97 66 57 76

3,227 12.6 88 87 83 93 47 34 66

50 .. .. 23

56 .. .. 24

58 9 11 69

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 33.2 48.4 29.2 Gross savings (% of GNI) 9.4 10.7 9.8 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 2.8 2.2 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 9.0 3.8 6.0 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.2 1.3 1.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.2 0.0 0.3 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 1.0 1.0 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.5 1.1 0.7 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 15.8 32.6 13.8 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book

2012

229


Virgin Islands (U.S.) Population (thousands) 110 Land area (sq. km)

350 GDP ($ millions)

Country data

..

Highincome group

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

.. .. 95.3 0.7

38,745 32,477 77.6 1.0

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

11 .. 108

37 24,483 106

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

57.1 0.9 15.2 2 1 14 12 0.2

28.7 –0.1 12.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

0.86 1.1 .. 0.64 200 2.6

28,570 –1.7 2.0 16.5 81,790 15,495

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

.. .. .. .. .. ..

4,856 4.2 9,064 61.6 11.6 11.9

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

8,305 9.4 41 100 98 100 100 99 100

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

.. .. .. ..

23 .. .. 6

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation .. 17.6 Gross savings (% of GNI) .. 13.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) .. 4.6 Education expenditure (% of GNI) .. 0.7 Energy depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.2 CO2 damage (% of GNI) .. 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) .. 7.1 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)

230

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West Bank and Gaza Population (millions)

4.2 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

6.0 GDP ($ billions)

4.0

Middle Lower East & middleCountry N. Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

1,250 .. 72.1 4.0

3,874 3,091 58.0 2.5

1,619 1,454 39.4 2.9

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

61 .. 101

23 2,627 132

47 677 128

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

1.5 0.0 0.6 3 9 0 0 ..

2.4 –0.1 3.9

27.9 0.5 9.4

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

.. .. .. .. .. ..

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

3,614 38,888 2.9 2.7 13.4 9.9 2.0 4.4 5,700 144,150 217 60,615

.. .. .. .. .. 0.5

1,399 0.9 1,497 93.4 4.9 3.8

665 26.9 644 73.7 16.9 1.5

201 49.9 45 85 81 86 92 92 92

695 70.0 86 89 81 94 88 80 94

3,227 12.6 88 87 83 93 47 34 66

.. .. .. 22

66 .. .. 34

58 9 11 69

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 9.7 19.2 29.2 Gross savings (% of GNI) 8.1 10.7 9.8 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) .. 4.3 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 12.4 6.0 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.4 1.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.1 0.3 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.4 0.7 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) .. 0.9 0.7 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) .. –1.6 13.8 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book

2012

231


Yemen, Rep. Population (millions)

24.1 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

528 GDP ($ billions)

31.3

Middle Lower East & middleCountry N. Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

1,170 928 31.8 5.6

3,874 3,091 58.0 2.5

1,619 1,454 39.4 2.9

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

44 749 126

23 2,627 132

47 677 128

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

1.0 0.0 0.5 9 15 23 158 3.2

2.4 –0.1 3.9

27.9 0.5 9.4

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

191 4.6 .. 1.8 700 9.3

3,614 38,888 2.9 2.7 13.4 9.9 2.0 4.4 5,700 144,150 217 60,615

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

324 1.3 219 100.0 0.0 1.0

1,399 0.9 1,497 93.4 4.9 3.8

665 26.9 644 73.7 16.9 1.5

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

90 168.6 91 55 47 72 53 34 93

695 70.0 86 89 81 94 88 80 94

3,227 12.6 88 87 83 93 47 34 66

43 .. .. 77

66 .. .. 34

58 9 11 69

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 9.6 19.2 29.2 Gross savings (% of GNI) 9.7 10.7 9.8 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 4.2 4.3 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 14.5 12.4 6.0 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.4 1.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.1 0.3 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.6 0.7 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.4 0.9 0.7 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) –11.5 –1.6 13.8 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)

232

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Zambia Population (millions)

12.9 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

743 GDP ($ billions)

16.2

SubLower Saharan middleCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

1,070 784 35.7 2.0

1,176 946 37.4 4.0

1,619 1,454 39.4 2.9

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

31 214 115

45 322 130

47 677 128

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

66.5 0.3 36.0 9 14 20 9 3.8

28.0 0.6 11.7

27.9 0.5 9.4

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

86.7 0.8 10.3 .. .. ..

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

617 80.9 635 0.3 99.7 0.2

689 57.3 511 65.2 18.2 0.8

665 26.9 644 73.7 16.9 1.5

6,303 1.7 76 61 46 87 48 43 57

4,635 2.2 84 61 49 83 31 23 42

3,227 12.6 88 87 83 93 47 34 66

30 5 16 111

46 .. 15 121

58 9 11 69

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

6,190 38,888 1.8 2.7 16.3 9.9 5.8 4.4 18,550 144,150 27,815 60,615

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 25.4 18.0 29.2 Gross savings (% of GNI) 10.3 10.9 9.8 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 1.3 3.6 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 9.4 6.0 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 18.9 1.9 1.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.5 0.3 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.1 0.5 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.3 0.5 0.7 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) –2.8 –2.1 13.8 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book

2012

233


Zimbabwe Population (millions)

12.6 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

387 GDP ($ billions)

7.5

SubSaharan LowCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010)

460 493 38.3 2.3

1,176 946 37.4 4.0

528 472 28.3 3.7

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Food production index (2004–2006=100)

42 160 92

45 322 130

38 288 133

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas (% of land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, median is 1.5)

40.4 1.7 28.0 9 14 3 14 1.9

28.0 0.6 11.7

27.6 0.6 10.7

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

13.2 –4.4 15.3 .. .. ..

6,190 1.8 16.3 5.8 18,550 27,815

10,725 3.9 4.8 .. 15,120 25,817

763 65.6 1,026 46.7 53.3 0.7

689 57.3 511 65.2 18.2 0.8

365 65.9 229 32.0 45.7 0.3

983 21.0 79 80 69 98 40 32 52

4,635 2.2 84 61 49 83 31 23 42

5,381 4.3 90 65 57 86 37 32 47

37 11 12 80

46 .. 15 121

56 .. 15 108

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation .. 18.0 25.1 Gross savings (% of GNI) 8.6 10.9 7.7 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 2.5 3.6 3.0 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 1.9 9.4 1.3 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.8 1.9 1.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.5 1.2 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 1.0 0.5 0.3 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.2 0.5 0.4 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) .. –2.1 15.9 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)

234

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Glossary Access to improved sanitation is the percentage of population with adequate access to excreta disposal facilities (private or shared, but not public) that can effectively prevent human, animal, and insect contact with excreta. Improved facilities range from simple but protected pit latrines to flush toilets with a sewerage connection. To be effective, facilities must be correctly constructed and properly maintained. (World Health Organization; data are for 2010) Access to improved water source is the percentage of the population with reasonable access to an adequate amount of water from an improved source, such as piped water into a dwelling, plot, or yard; public tap or standpipe; tube-well or borehole; protected dug well or spring; or rainwater collection. Unimproved sources include an unprotected dug well or spring, cart with small tank or drum, bottled water, and tanker trucks. Reasonable access to an adequate amount means the availability of at least 20 liters a person a day from a source within 1 kilometer of the dwelling. (World Health Organization; data are for 2010) Acute respiratory infection prevalence is the percentage of children under age five with acute respiratory infection in the two weeks prior to the survey. (United Nations Childrenâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Fund; data are for the most recent year available during 2005â&#x20AC;&#x201C;10) Adjusted net national income equals gross national income minus consumption of fixed capital, energy depletion, mineral depletion, and net forest depletion. (World Bank; data are for 2010) Adjusted net savings equal gross savings minus consumption of fixed capital, plus education expenditures, minus energy depletion, mineral depletion, net forest depletion, and particulate emissions and carbon dioxide damage. (World Bank; data are for 2010) Agricultural land is arable land, land under permanent crops, and permanent pastures. Arable land includes land defined by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations as land under temporary crops (doublecropped areas are counted once), temporary meadows for mowing or for pasture, land under market or kitchen gardens, and land temporarily fallow. Land abandoned as a result of shifting cultivation is excluded. Land under permanent crops is land cultivated with crops that occupy the land for long periods and need not be replanted after each harvest, such as cocoa, coffee, and rubber. This category includes land under flowering shrubs, fruit trees, nut trees, and vines but excludes land under trees grown for wood or timber. Permanent pasture is land used for five or more years for forage, including natural and cultivated crops. (Food and Agriculture Organization; data are for 2009) Agricultural productivity is the ratio of agricultural value added, measured in 2000 U.S. dollars, to the number of workers in agriculture. Agricultural productivity is measured by value added per unit of input. Agricultural value added includes that from forestry and fishing. Thus interpretations of land productivity should be made with caution. (See World Bank 2012 for details; data are for 2010)

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235


Glossary Aquaculture growth is the exponential change in aquaculture fisheries production for the period indicated. Aquaculture is understood to mean the farming of aquatic organisms including fish, molluscs, crustaceans and aquatic plants. Aquaculture production specifically refers to output from aquaculture activities, which are designated for final harvest for consumption. (Food and Agriculture Organization; data are for 1990–2010) Capture fisheries growth is the exponential change in capture fisheries production for the period indicated. Capture fisheries production contains the volume of fish catches landed by a country for all commercial, industrial, recreational and subsistence purpose. (Food and Agriculture Organization; data are for 1990–2010) Carbon dioxide (CO2) damage is estimated at $20 per ton of carbon (the unit damage in 1995 U.S. dollars) times the number of tons of carbon emitted. (World Bank estimates; data are for 2010) Carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions per capita are carbon dioxide emissions divided by midyear population. (Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, World Bank, and United Nations; data are for 2008) Consumption of fixed capital is the replacement value of capital used up in the process of production. (United Nations; data are extrapolated to 2010 from the most recent year available) Coral reef area is a country’s area of coral reefs, which are shallow marine habitats defined both by a physical structure (corals) and by the organisms found on them. (See The World Atlas of Coral Reefs (2001), UNEP-World Conservation Monitoring Centre) Deforestation is the permanent conversion of natural forest area to other uses, including shifting cultivation, permanent agriculture, ranching, settlements, and infrastructure development. Deforested areas do not include areas logged but intended for regeneration or areas degraded by fuel-wood gathering, acid precipitation, or forest fires. Negative numbers indicate an increase in forest areas. (Food and Agriculture Organization; data are for 1990–2010) Diarrhea prevalence is the percentage of children under age five who had diarrhea in the two weeks prior to the survey. (United Nations Children’s Fund; data are for the most recent year available during 2005–10) Education expenditure is public current operating expenditures in education, including wages and salaries and excluding capital investments in buildings and equipment. (United Nations; data are extrapolated to 2010 from the most recent year available) Electric power consumption per capita is the production of power plants and combined heat and power plants, minus transmission, distribution, and transformation losses and own use by heat and power plants plus imports

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Glossary minus exports divided by midyear population. (International Energy Agency; data are for 2009) Electricity generated by hydropower is use of hydropower as a percentage of total inputs to the generation of electricity. (International Energy Agency; data are for 2009) Electricity generated using fossil fuel is use of coal, oil, and gas as a percentage of total inputs to the generation of electricity. (International Energy Agency; data are for 2009) Energy depletion is the ratio of the value of the stock of energy resources to the remaining reserve lifetime (capped at 25 years). It covers crude oil, natural gas, and coal. (See World Bank 2011 for details; data are for 2010) Energy from biomass products and waste is energy from solid biomass, liquid biomass, biogas, industrial waste, and municipal waste as a percentage of total energy use. (International Energy Agency; data are for 2009) Energy use per capita refers to apparent consumption, which is equal to indigenous production plus imports and stock changes, minus exports and fuels supplied to ships and aircraft engaged in international transport. (International Energy Agency; data are for 2009) Fisheries production, total, contains the volume of aquatic species caught by a country for all commercial, industrial, recreational and subsistence purposes. The harvest from mariculture, aquaculture and other kinds of fish farming is also included. (Food and Agriculture Organization; data are for 2010) Food production index indicates the relative level of net food production compared with the base period 2004â&#x20AC;&#x201C;06. It covers food crops that are considered edible and that contain nutrients. Coffee and tea are excluded because, although edible, they have no nutritive value. (See the Food and Agriculture Organizationâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Production Yearbook for details; data are for 2009) Forest area is land under natural or planted stands of trees, whether productive or not. (Food and Agriculture Organization; data are for 2010) Freshwater withdrawal, agriculture, is withdrawals for irrigation and livestock production as a percentage of total freshwater withdrawal. (Food and Agriculture Organization; data are for various years; for details see World Development Indicators 2012, Primary data documentation) Freshwater withdrawal, total, is total water withdrawal, excluding evaporation losses from storage basins and including water from desalination plants in countries where they are a significant source. Withdrawals can exceed 100 percent of internal renewable resources because river flows from other countries are not included, because extraction from nonrenewable aquifers or desalination plants is considerable, or because there is significant water reuse. (Food and Agriculture Organization; data are for various years; for details see World Development Indicators 2012, Primary data documentation)

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Glossary GDP is gross domestic product and measures the total output of goods and services for final use occurring within the domestic territory of a given country, regardless of the allocation to domestic and foreign claims. GDP at purchaser values (market prices) is the sum of gross value added by all resident and nonresident producers in the economy plus any taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources. (World Bank, Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development, and United Nations; data are for 2010) GEF benefits index for biodiversity is a composite index of relative biodiversity potential for each country developed by the Global Environment Facility, based on the species represented in each country, their threat status, and the diversity of habitat types in each country. The index shown in the tables has been normalized so that values run from 0 (no biodiversity potential) to 100 (maximum biodiversity potential) (World Bank; estimates are for 2008) GNI per capita is gross national income (GNI) divided by midyear population. GNI is gross domestic product plus net receipts of primary income (employee compensation and property income) from abroad. GNI per capita is in current U.S. dollars, converted using the World Bank Atlas method (see World Development Indicators 2012, Statistical methods). (World Bank, Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development, and United Nations; data are for 2010) Gross savings are calculated as gross national income less total consumption, plus net transfers. (World Bank and Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development; data are for 2010) Internal freshwater resources per capita are internal renewable resources, which include flows of rivers and groundwater from rainfall in the country but excludes river flows from other countries, divided by midyear population. (Food and Agriculture Organization; data are for various years; for details see World Development Indicators 2012, Primary data documentation.) Land area is a country’s total land area, excluding area under inland water bodies, national claims to continental shelf, and exclusive economic zones. In most cases the definition of inland water bodies includes major rivers and lakes. (Food and Agriculture Organization; data are for 2010) Mangroves area is a country’s total area of mangroves, which are plants of a variety of different species, including trees, shrubs, palms and ferns, that grow in the tropics and subtropics in saline inter-tidal coastal habitats, such as estuaries and shorelines. (See The World Atlas of Mangroves (2010), International Society for Mangrove Ecosystems, The Nature Conservancy, Food and Agriculture Organization, UNEP-World Conservation Monitoring Centre) Marine protected areas are areas of intertidal or subtidal terrain—and overlying water and associated flora and fauna and historical and cultural features—that have been reserved by law or other effective means to protect

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Glossary part or all of the enclosed environment. (United Nations Environmental Program and the World Conservation Monitoring Centre, as compiled by the World Resources Institute; data are for 2010) Mineral depletion is the ratio of the value of the stock of mineral resources to the remaining reserve lifetime (capped at 25 years). It covers bauxite, copper, iron, lead, nickel, phosphate, tin, gold, silver, and zinc. (See World Bank 2011 for details; data are for 2010) Nationally protected terrestrial areas are totally or partially protected areas of at least 1,000 hectares that are designated as national parks, natural monuments, nature reserves or wildlife sanctuaries; protected landscapes and seascapes; and scientific reserves. It includes World Conservation Union–protected area categories I–VI. (United Nations Environmental Program and the World Conservation Monitoring Centre, as compiled by the World Resources Institute; data are for 2010) Net forest depletion is the product of unit resource rents and the excess of round-wood harvest over natural growth. If growth exceeds harvest, this figure is zero. (Food and Agriculture Organization and World Bank estimates of natural growth; data are for 2010) Particulate emissions damage is calculated as the willingness to pay to reduce the risk of illness and death attributable to particulate emissions. (World Bank estimates; data are for 2010) Particulate matter is fine suspended particulates of less than 10 microns in diameter that are capable of penetrating deep into the respiratory tract and causing damage. The indicator is the population-weighted average of all cities in the country with a population greater than 100,000. (World Bank estimates; data are for 2010) Population includes all residents who are present regardless of legal status or citizenship except for refugees not permanently settled in the country of asylum, who are generally considered part of the population of their country of origin. (Eurostat, United Nations Population Division, and World Bank; data are midyear estimates for 2010) Threatened species, birds, are the number of species of birds classified by the IUCN as endangered, vulnerable, rare, indeterminate, out of danger, or insufficiently known. Birds are listed for countries included within their breeding or wintering ranges. (World Conservation Monitoring Centre and IUCN; data are for 2011) Threatened species, fish, are the number of species of fish—cold-blooded aquatic vertebrates of the superclass Pisces—classified by the IUCN as endangered, vulnerable, rare, indeterminate, out of danger, or insufficiently known. (World Conservation Monitoring Centre and IUCN; data are for 2011) Threatened species, higher plants, are the number of native vascular plant species classified by the IUCN as endangered, vulnerable, rare, indeterminate, out of danger, or insufficiently known. (World Conservation Monitoring Centre and IUCN; data are for 2011)

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Glossary Threatened species, mammals, are the number of species of mammals— excluding whales and porpoises—classified by the IUCN as endangered, vulnerable, rare, indeterminate, out of danger, or insufficiently known. (World Conservation Monitoring Centre and IUCN; data are for 2011) Under-five mortality rate is the probability that a newborn baby will die before reaching age five if subject to current age-specific mortality rates. (United Nations and United Nations Children’s Fund; data are for 2010) Urban population is the share of the midyear population living in areas defined as urban in each country (United Nations; data are for 2010) Urban population growth is the exponential change in urban population for the period indicated. (United Nations; data are for 1990–2010)

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References FAO. 2010a. "From Drain to Gain in Capture Fisheries Rents: A Synthesis Study." FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Technical Paper No. 538. FAO, Rome. ______. 2010b. The State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture. Rome: FAO. Spalding, M., E. Green, and C. Ravilious. 2001. World Atlas of Coral Reefs. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press. Spalding, M., M. Kainuma, and L. Lorna. 2010. World Atlas of Mangroves. London: Earthscan. Sumaila, U. R., et al. 2012. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Marine Fisheries as a Source of Sustainable Wealth of Nations.â&#x20AC;? Working paper presented at 2012 AAAS Annual Meeting, February 2012. UNEP. 2006. Marine and Coastal Ecosystems and Human Wellbeing: A Synthesis Report Based on the Findings of the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment. Nairobi, Kenya: UNEP. World Bank. 2011. The Changing Wealth of Nations: Measuring Sustainable Development in the New Millennium. Washington, DC: World Bank. ______ 2012. World Development Indicators 2012. Washington, DC: World Bank.

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The Little Green Data Book 2012  

The Little Green Data Book is a pocket-sized ready reference on key environmental data for over 200 countries. Key indicators are organized...

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