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From World Development Indicators

The Little Data Book

12 People

Environment Economy States and markets Global links


2012

THE LITTLE DATA BOOK


Copyright Š 2012 by the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development/THE WORLD BANK 1818 H Street, N.W. Washington, D.C. 20433 U.S.A. All rights reserved Manufactured in the United States of America First printing April 2012 ISBN: 978-0-8213-8992-8 eISBN: 978-0-8213-9516-5 DOI: 10.1596/978-0-8213-8992-8 SKU: 18992 The Little Data Book 2012 is a product of the Development Data Group of the Development Economics Vice Presidency of the World Bank. Cover design by Peter Grundy Art & Design, London, U.K. Design by Communications Development Incorporated, Washington, D.C.


Contents Acknowledgments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . iv Foreword. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .v Data notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . vi

Regional tables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 World . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 East Asia and Pacific . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Europe and Central Asia. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Latin America and the Caribbean . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Middle East and North Africa . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 South Asia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Sub-Saharan Africa . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8

Income group tables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Low income. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Middle income. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 Lower middle income . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Upper middle income . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Low and middle income . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 High income . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Euro area . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16

Country tables (in alphabetical order) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17

Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 234

Glossary. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 235

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Acknowledgments The Little Data Book 2012 was prepared by a team led by Soong Sup Lee, and comprising Awatif Abuzeid, David Cieslikowski, Liu Cui, Federico Escaler, Mahyar Eshragh-Tabary, Shota Hatakeyama, Masako Hiraga, Wendy Huang, Bala Bhaskar Naidu Kalimili, Buyant Erdene Khaltarkhuu, Ibrahim Levent, Sulekha Patel, William Prince and Jomo Tariku working closely with other teams in the Development Data Group of the Development Economics Vice Presidency. The work was carried out under the management of Shaida Badiee. Alison Kwong and Azita Amjadi coordinated all stages of production. Staff from External Affairs oversaw publication and dissemination of the book.

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Foreword The Little Data Book 2012 is a pocket edition of World Development Indicators 2012. It is intended as a quick reference for users of the World Development Indicators database, book, and CD-ROM. The database, which covers more than 1,000 indicators and spans more than 50 years, is available at data. worldbank.org. The 216 country tables in The Little Data Book present the latest available data for World Bank member countries and other economies with populations of more than 30,000. The 14 summary tables cover regional and income group aggregates. For more information about these data or other World Bank data publications, visit our data Web site at data.worldbank.org, e-mail us at data@worldbank. org, call our data hotline 800 590 1906 or 202 473 7824. To order World Development Indicators 2012 or the World Development Indicators 2012 CD-ROM, visit the publications Web site at www.worldbank. org/publications, call 800 645 7247 or 703 661 1580, or fax 703 661 1501.

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Data notes The data in this book are for 1990, 2000, and 2010 or the most recent year unless otherwise noted in the table or the Glossary. • Growth rates are proportional changes from the previous year unless otherwise noted. • Regional aggregates include data for low- and middle-income economies only. • Figures in italics indicate data for years or periods other than those specified.

Symbols used: ..

indicates that data are not available or that aggregates cannot be calculated because of missing data.

0 or 0.0

indicates zero or small enough that the number would round to zero at the displayed number of decimal places.

$

indicates current U.S. dollars.

Lettered notes on some country tables can be found in the Notes page. Data are shown for economies with populations greater than 30,000 or for smaller economies if they are members of the World Bank. The term country (used interchangeably with economy) does not imply political independence or official recognition by the World Bank but refers to any economy for which the authorities report separate social or economic statistics. The selection of indicators in these pages includes some of those being used to monitor progress toward the Millennium Development Goals. For more information about the eight goals—halving poverty and increasing well-being by 2015—please see the other books in the World Development Indicators 2012 family of products.

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Regional tables The country composition of regions is based on the World Bank’s analytical regions and may differ from common geographic usage. East Asia and Pacific American Samoa, Cambodia, China, Fiji, Indonesia, Kiribati, Democratic Republic of Korea, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Malaysia, Marshall Islands, Federated States of Micronesia, Mongolia, Myanmar, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Thailand, Timor-Leste, Tonga, Tuvalu, Vanuatu, Vietnam. Europe and Central Asia Albania, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kosovo, Kyrgyz Republic, Latvia, Lithuania, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Moldova, Montenegro, Romania, Russian Federation, Serbia, Tajikistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan. Latin America and the Caribbean Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Grenada, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and the Grenadines, Suriname, Uruguay, República Bolivariana de Venezuela. Middle East and North Africa Algeria, Djibouti, Arab Republic of Egypt, Islamic Republic of Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, Syrian Arab Republic, Tunisia, West Bank and Gaza, Republic of Yemen. South Asia Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka. Sub-Saharan Africa Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of Congo, Côte d’Ivoire, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, The Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mayotte, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, São Tomé and Príncipe, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Africa, South Sudan, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

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World Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

6,894.6 134,222 62,525.2 76,295.6

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

1.2 .. 9,069 11,066

1990

2000

2010

.. 65 3.2 .. 58 62 90 .. 73 79 50 87 0.3

.. 67 2.7 63 61 62 75 .. 73 82 60 92 1.0

.. 70 2.5 53 62 66 58 .. 85 88 68 96 0.8

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

41,582 40,738 40,204 .. 0.2 0.1 .. .. 7.3 76 83 88 47 56 62 1,661 1,638 1,788 4.2 4.0 4.8 2,113 2,376 2,803

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

21,921 32,249 63,242 3.0 4.3 4.2 7.6 4.5 4.4 5 4 3 33 29 25 61 68 72 19 25 28 20 25 28 23 22 20 .. 25.8 23.8 .. –0.2 –7.0

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. 47.5 3.6 0.2 0.0 .. 18

51 101.6 2.3 12.1 6.7 49.4 24

31 91.5 2.6 78.2 30.2 64.9 18

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ billions)

32 .. .. .. .. 68 204 59

41 .. .. .. .. 136 1,408 50

48 .. .. .. .. 449 1,430 131

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East Asia & Pacific Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

1,961.6 16,302 7,249.4 13,058.0

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

0.7 .. 3,696 6,657

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

.. 68 2.6 .. 75 82 56 20.4 89 101 41 89 0.1

.. 70 2.0 20 78 85 39 .. 83 96 60 98 ..

.. 72 1.8 19 78 91 24 5.8 95 97 76 103 0.2

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

4,602 .. .. 68 30 712 1.8 461

4,524 0.1 .. 80 48 826 2.3 876

4,698 –0.4 9.9 90 66 1,436 4.3 2,095

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

671 5.5 6.7 25 40 35 22 21 35 7.1 ..

1,727 7.5 3.0 15 44 41 35 31 31 8.2 –2.6

7,631 9.7 4.7 11 45 43 37 33 41 13.5 ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. 16.4 2.3 0.0 0.0 .. 17

53 46.9 1.8 5.8 1.9 14.4 32

39 79.9 1.9 73.3 29.8 30.7 29

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (millions) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ billions)

47 .. 234 17.7 –0.2 3.1 10 7.7

59 .. 496 11.4 –1.8 16.7 45 8.6

57 .. 1,014 4.8 –5.2 94.0 231 9.9

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Europe & Central Asia Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

405.2 23,603 2,946.7 5,428.2

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

0.4 .. 7,272 13,396

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

.. 68 2.3 .. .. 93 51 8.5 82 92 85 98 0.1

.. 68 1.6 35 .. 92 38 .. 93 94 86 96 0.3

.. 71 1.8 27 69 98 23 1.9 96 95 89 97 0.6

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

8,735 .. .. 90 80 4,067 9.8 4,515

8,754 0.0 .. 93 83 2,692 6.8 3,338

8,784 0.0 5.0 96 84 2,831 7.8 3,859

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

952 –1.1 13.6 19 42 39 20 23 28 .. ..

710 7.6 22.7 11 35 55 37 31 20 .. ..

3,059 5.7 6.9 7 32 61 31 31 23 25.6 –2.2

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. 2.4 14.6 0.0 0.0 .. ..

41 17.4 3.4 6.6 2.0 83.7 10

16 51.8 3.0 124.3 39.3 85.8 7

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (millions) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ billions)

.. .. 138 .. –1.2 3.2 0.7 1.4

52 .. 368 18.4 –2.3 9.3 9.8 4.5

52 .. 1,273 24.2 –0.6 36.0 87.0 7.2

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Latin America & Caribbean Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

582.6 20,394 4,504.9 6,365.1

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

1.1 .. 7,733 10,926

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

.. 68 3.2 .. 58 74 54 7.5 76 84 57 99 0.4

.. 72 2.6 83 .. 88 35 .. 93 97 83 101 ..

.. 74 2.2 72 75 90 23 3.0 93 102 90 102 0.5

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

10,389 .. .. 86 68 1,048 2.3 1,170

9,900 0.5 .. 90 75 1,139 2.5 1,577

9,460 0.4 1.6 94 79 1,245 2.8 1,892

1,117 0.3 22.5 9 36 56 17 15 19 19.4 –2.6

2,054 4.0 6.9 6 30 65 20 21 20 18.1 –1.5

4,981 6.2 5.1 6 31 63 22 22 22 .. ..

.. 7.6 1.6 0.0 0.0 .. 6

76 31.7 1.4 12.1 3.8 28.1 16

57 57.6 1.4 98.4 34.0 22.5 11

23 .. 441 24.5 –3.2 5.7 8 5.1

36 .. 751 40.4 –3.9 20.2 79 4.8

35 .. 1,039 13.8 –5.1 57.3 117 10.8

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (millions) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ billions)

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Middle East & North Africa Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

331.3 8,775 1,283.5 2,627.3

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

1.7 .. 3,874 8,068

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

.. 64 4.9 .. 42 47 74 11.8 83 .. 54 80 0.1

.. 69 3.2 43 61 71 49 .. 90 83 67 89 0.1

.. 72 2.7 37 62 81 34 7.9 88 88 72 93 0.1

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

207 .. .. 86 73 812 2.5 733

208 –0.1 .. 87 81 1,065 3.1 1,063

211 –0.1 70.0 89 88 1,399 3.8 1,497

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

266 7.4 17.0 18 32 50 23 34 29 .. ..

434 3.4 4.9 13 43 44 27 25 24 .. ..

1,207 4.3 6.3 11 43 47 38 33 28 30.5 –3.0

.. .. 2.9 0.0 0.0 .. ..

48 19.7 3.5 2.2 0.9 73.5 3

23 37.8 3.3 86.1 20.9 75.2 3

42 .. 137 24.2 –0.6 9.6 0.7 11.7

48 .. 139 14.3 –1.3 11.5 3.9 4.6

61 .. 144 5.1 –1.6 34.7 25.7 12.3

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (millions) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ billions)

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South Asia Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

1,633.1 5,131 1,920.1 5,101.4

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

1.4 .. 1,176 3,124

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

.. 59 4.2 .. 42 32 120 52.2 56 62 37 69 0.1

.. 62 3.3 101 45 36 89 .. 57 68 44 79 0.3

.. 65 2.7 73 51 48 67 32.9 77 86 55 92 0.3

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

795 .. .. 71 22 340 0.7 242

794 0.0 .. 81 29 405 1.0 350

817 –0.3 33.4 90 38 514 1.2 517

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

402 5.4 8.6 29 26 45 9 12 23 13.6 –3.4

608 4.3 4.5 24 26 50 14 16 23 12.3 –4.0

2,090 8.1 6.9 19 26 54 20 25 32 11.7 –3.8

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. 10.8 3.4 0.0 0.0 .. 3

47 26.1 3.1 0.3 0.5 57.0 5

23 83.8 2.4 58.8 8.1 53.9 7

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (millions) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ billions)

16 .. 126 31.6 –1.9 5.6 0.5 6.0

24 .. 161 17.4 –2.5 17.2 4.4 4.1

33 .. 401 6.4 –8.6 82.2 27.9 15.4

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Sub-Saharan Africa Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

853.4 24,243 1,003.6 1,833.4

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

2.5 .. 1,176 2,148

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

.. 50 6.2 .. 15 .. 175 29.0 57 51 22 82 2.4

.. 50 5.6 130 22 43 155 .. 55 51 25 84 6.3

.. 54 4.9 108 22 46 121 22.0 75 67 36 89 5.5

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

7,379 .. .. 49 26 681 0.9 517

6,960 0.6 .. 55 28 661 0.8 492

6,605 0.5 2.2 61 31 689 0.8 511

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

301 1.1 9.1 19 32 49 26 25 18 .. ..

342 3.7 5.4 16 29 54 32 31 17 .. ..

1,098 4.8 7.8 13 30 57 30 32 24 24.3 –1.0

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. 52.1 3.0 0.0 0.0 .. ..

64 89.8 2.0 1.7 0.5 18.1 4

34 152.7 1.6 44.9 11.3 18.8 3

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (millions) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ billions)

42 .. 176 .. –1.3 1.8 1.2 17.8

51 .. 211 11.8 –1.3 4.8 6.6 13.1

58 .. 206 3.3 –2.0 21.1 25.0 45.1

8

2012

The Little Data Book


Income group tables For operational and analytical purposes the World Bank’s main criterion for classifying economies is gross national income (GNI) per capita. Each economy in The Little Data Book is classified as low income, middle income, or high income. Low- and middle-income economies are sometimes referred to as developing economies. The use of the term is convenient; it is not intended to imply that all economies in the group are experiencing similar development or that other economies have reached a preferred or final stage of development. Classification by income does not necessarily reflect development status. Note: Classifications are fixed during the World Bank’s fiscal year (ending on June 30), thus countries remain in the categories in which they are classified irrespective of any revisions to their per capita income data. Low-income economies are those with a GNI per capita of $1,005 or less in 2010. Middle-income economies are those with a GNI per capita of more than $1,005 but less than $12,276. Lower-middle-income and upper-middleincome economies are separated at a GNI per capita of $3,975. High-income economies are those with a GNI per capita of $12,276 or more. Euro area includes the member states of the Economic and Monetary Union of the European Union that have adopted the euro as their currency: Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Portugal, Slovak Republic, Slovenia, and Spain.

The Little Data Book

2012

9


Low income Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

796.3 15,551 420.2 1,040.5

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

2.1 .. 528 1,307

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

.. 53 5.7 .. 22 .. 165 40.2 57 44 26 80 1.8

.. 55 4.8 120 32 33 137 .. 61 51 29 86 3.3

.. 59 4.1 94 34 44 108 23.0 78 65 39 91 2.6

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

4,721 .. .. 54 21 386 .. 221

4,424 0.6 .. 58 31 321 0.3 174

4,155 0.6 4.3 65 37 365 0.3 229

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

144 2.9 9.3 38 20 43 12 21 18 .. ..

165 3.6 5.4 34 21 45 17 25 19 10.4 –1.7

416 5.9 7.7 25 25 50 20 32 23 .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. 2.7 0.0 0.0 .. ..

62 .. 2.2 0.3 0.1 14.4 4

33 .. 1.4 33.1 5.6 20.7 3

29 .. 89 26.0 –3.0 1.4 0.6 14.2

39 .. 108 11.0 –2.9 4.1 2.4 10.4

53 .. 117 4.8 –6.8 24.6 13.0 40.7

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (millions) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ billions)

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Middle income Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

4,970.8 82,896 18,508.7 33,538.4

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

1.1 .. 3,723 6,747

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

.. 64 3.3 .. 59 60 85 .. 74 83 47 85 0.2

.. 67 2.6 60 63 66 68 .. 73 85 59 92 ..

.. 69 2.3 51 65 71 51 .. 86 92 69 97 0.7

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

27,387 .. .. 73 39 1,019 2.4 939

26,717 26,420 0.2 0.1 .. 7.0 82 90 50 59 950 1,254 2.4 3.4 1,058 1,675

3,555 1.9 11.6 18 37 46 19 19 26 .. ..

5,708 19,632 5.4 7.6 6.8 6.0 11 10 36 36 53 55 27 28 26 28 24 29 14.6 18.8 –2.3 ..

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (millions) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ billions)

.. 18.9 5.0 0.0 0.0 .. ..

56 36.4 2.1 4.8 1.7 39.0 19

36 72.6 2.0 78.0 23.8 53.5 18

32 .. 1,164 21.7 –5.4 28 21 33.2

45 .. 2,018 21.0 –10.3 76 147 27.3

48 .. 3,960 9.9 –16.3 301 501 52.2

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11


Lower middle income Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

2,518.7 23,568 4,077.7 9,147.8

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

1.5 .. 1,619 3,632

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

.. 59 4.2 .. 40 38 113 38.1 61 68 42 81 0.3

.. 62 3.4 85 46 48 90 .. 62 74 47 84 0.7

.. 65 2.9 68 50 57 69 24.6 80 88 58 93 0.7

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

7,003 .. .. 70 29 607 1.1 449

6,577 0.6 .. 79 39 584 1.3 470

6,364 0.3 12.6 87 47 665 1.5 644

872 3.7 10.8 26 30 44 18 22 24 16.3 –1.5

1,259 4.1 5.5 20 34 46 27 27 22 13.8 –4.0

4,312 6.9 7.0 17 31 52 28 31 28 14.9 –3.6

.. 9.6 3.0 0.0 0.0 .. ..

58 24.3 2.8 1.2 0.6 29.6 16

34 65.9 2.1 71.7 13.5 48.6 11

31 .. 454 24.3 –4.9 16 4.2 23.5

46 .. 599 16.7 –8.6 40 11.9 17.5

48 .. 1,021 10.1 –12.6 161 90.2 38.9

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (millions) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ billions)

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Upper middle income Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

2,452.1 59,328 14,429.0 24,447.4

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990

2000

2010

.. 69 2.6 .. 75 89 49 12.5 90 97 67 98 0.2

.. 71 1.9 33 81 94 34 .. 88 97 72 99 ..

.. 73 1.8 29 81 98 20 3.0 96 98 83 103 0.7

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

0.7 .. 5,884 9,970

20,384 20,140 20,056 .. 0.1 0.0 .. .. 5.0 76 85 93 46 60 73 1,375 1,291 1,848 3.6 3.6 5.3 1,363 1,606 2,714 2,683 1.4 15.4 15 38 46 19 18 27 .. ..

4,449 15,317 5.8 7.8 8.2 5.1 9 8 36 37 55 55 27 29 25 27 24 30 14.9 19.7 –1.8 ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. 20.3 5.6 0.0 0.0 .. ..

54 39.5 2.0 8.3 2.7 49.4 20

38 74.4 2.0 84.5 34.1 57.6 19

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (millions) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ billions)

32 .. 710 20.8 –0.5 11 17 9.6

45 .. 1,419 22.3 –1.7 36 135 9.1

48 .. 2,939 9.9 –3.7 139 411 12.1

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13


Low and middle income Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

5,767.2 98,447 18,948.9 34,577.9

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

1.3 .. 3,286 5,996

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

.. 63 3.6 .. 56 58 98 28.7 72 78 44 84 0.3

.. 65 2.9 69 59 59 81 .. 71 80 55 91 ..

.. 68 2.6 58 61 65 63 17.9 84 87 64 96 0.9

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

32,108 .. .. 71 37 963 2.2 876

31,141 30,575 0.3 0.2 .. 6.7 79 86 47 56 888 1,162 2.2 3.0 971 1,525

3,695 1.9 10.7 18 36 46 19 19 26 .. ..

5,875 20,072 5.4 7.6 6.2 6.3 12 10 35 35 53 54 27 28 25 28 24 29 14.5 18.6 –2.3 ..

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (millions) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ billions)

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.. 18.7 5.0 0.0 0.0 .. ..

58 36.0 2.1 4.2 1.5 30.2 19

35 72.3 2.0 71.8 21.5 44.8 18

32 .. 1,253 21.8 –8.4 29 22 56

45 .. 2,126 20.9 –13.1 80 149 49

48 .. 4,076 9.8 –23.2 325 514 131


High income Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

1,127.4 35,774 43,682.7 42,072.5

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

0.6 .. 38,745 37,317

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

.. 75 1.8 .. 70 .. 12 .. 84 .. 91 100 0.2

.. 78 1.7 23 70 .. 8 .. 91 97 99 100 0.3

.. 80 1.8 18 .. .. 6 .. 93 97 100 100 0.3

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

9,474 .. .. 99 100 4,649 11.8 7,394

9,597 –0.1 .. 99 99 5,148 12.3 8,947

9,629 0.0 9.4 100 100 4,943 11.9 9,064

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

18,226 26,375 43,240 3.2 4.1 3.1 5.4 3.3 1.4 3 2 1 32 28 24 65 71 75 19 24 28 20 25 28 23 22 18 .. 27.5 24.9 .. 0.1 –7.5

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (millions) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

.. 51.0 3.4 1.1 0.3 .. 19

33 115.1 2.3 49.9 30.7 88.8 26

17 99.7 2.9 110.5 73.4 81.1 17

32 .. .. .. 8.5 39 183 2,648

40 .. .. .. 13.3 56 1,259 340

47 .. .. .. 22.9 124 916 223

The Little Data Book

2012

15


Euro area Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

331.8 2,628 12,794.4 11,399.6

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

0.3 .. 38,565 34,360

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

.. 76 1.5 .. .. .. 10 .. 74 101 .. .. 0.2

.. 78 1.5 11 .. .. 6 .. 87 100 103 100 0.2

.. 81 1.6 8 .. .. 4 .. 93 101 107 99 0.3

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

859 .. .. 100 100 3,509 8.9 5,338

924 –0.8 .. 100 100 3,732 8.3 6,322

952 –0.3 16.4 100 100 3,641 8.0 6,592

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

5,688 3.5 4.4 3 33 64 27 28 23 .. ..

6,256 12,149 3.8 1.9 3.4 1.0 2 2 28 26 70 72 37 41 36 39 22 19 36.3 34.7 0.1 –5.2

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. 21.1 2.5 0.4 0.1 .. 13

51 86.9 1.8 59.9 22.7 91.8 20

12 51.7 1.6 122.4 71.2 87.3 15

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (millions) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

44 .. .. .. 2.1 27.9 61 43.7

61 .. .. .. 3.0 33.3 511 82.1

65 .. .. .. 6.3 72.0 395 ..

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2012

The Little Data Book


Country tables China Unless otherwise noted, data for China do not include data for Hong Kong SAR, China; Macao SAR, China; or Taiwan, China. Cyprus GNI and GDP data and data calculated using GNI and GDP refer to the area controlled by the government of the Republic of Cyprus. Georgia GNI, GDP and population data and data calculated using GNI, GDP and population exclude Abkhazia and South Ossetia. Kosovo, Montenegro, and Serbia Data for each country are shown separately where available. However, some indicators for Serbia prior to 2006 include data for Montenegro; these data are noted in the tables. Moreover, data for most indicators for Serbia from 1999 onward exclude data for Kosovo, which in 1999 became a territory under international administration pursuant to UN Security Council Resolution 1244 (1999). Kosovo became a member of the World Bank on June 29, 2009, and its data are shown where available. Moldova GNI, GDP and population data and data calculated using GNI, GDP and population exclude Transnistria. Morocco GNI and GDP data and data calculated using GNI and GDP include Former Spanish Sahara. Netherlands Antilles Netherlands Antilles ceased to exist on 10 October 2010. Curaรงao and St Maarten became countries within the Kingdom of the Netherlands. Bonaire, Saba and St Eustatius became special municipalities of the Netherlands. South Sudan and Sudan Data are shown separately for South Sudan where available. However, data reported for Sudan include South Sudan unless otherwise noted. Tanzania GNI and GDP data and data calculated using GNI and GDP refer to mainland Tanzania only. For more information, see World Development Indicators 2012 or data. worldbank.org.

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17


Afghanistan South Asia

Low income

Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

34.4 652 14.3 36.5

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

2.8 36.0 410 1,060

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

.. 42 8.0 .. .. .. 209 .. 20 28 11 54 ..

.. 45 7.7 182 5 12 151 32.9 27 .. 11 0 ..

9.4 48 6.3 107 23 24 149 .. 62 .. 46 64 ..

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

14 .. .. .. .. .. 0.14 ..

14 0.0 42.0 22 32 .. 0.03 ..

14 0.0 35.6 50 37 .. 0.03 ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

2.5 14.3 3.8 45 20 35 31 62 12 .. ..

17.2 8.2 3.7 30 22 48 15 54 16 10.1 1.4

.. .. .. 0.0 0.0 .. ..

.. .. 2.0 0.0 0.0 23.7 ..

7 .. 1.8 37.8 3.7 29.3 ..

.. .. .. .. –1,484 .. –0.3 122

72 100 .. .. –376 .. 0.2 136

28 147 2,297 .. –381 .. 75.7 6,374

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

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Albania Europe & Central Asia Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Upper middle income 3.2 29 12.7 27.3

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

0.4 12.4 3,960 8,520

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

.. 72 3.2 .. .. 93 41 .. 88 .. 89 95 ..

9.1 74 2.2 15 58 99 29 17.0 95 102 72 97 ..

8.1 77 1.5 16 69 99 18 6.3 99 86 89 98 ..

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

7.9 .. 4.5 97 76 809 2.3 522

7.7 0.3 6.8 98 84 575 1.0 1,217

7.8 –0.1 4.4 95 94 538 1.3 1,747

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

2.1 –9.6 –0.5 36 48 16 15 23 29 .. ..

3.7 7.3 4.3 29 19 52 19 37 25 23.4 –6.7

11.8 3.5 3.5 20 19 61 30 52 26 .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. 5.9 0.0 0.0 .. ..

41 .. 1.2 1.0 0.1 39.0 1

5 .. 1.6 141.9 45.0 .. 1

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

29 .. 0.5 4.3 23 152 20 11

37 100 1.1 3.4 –270 598 143 318

52 95 4.7 11.1 –48 1,156 1,110 338

The Little Data Book

2012

19


Algeria Middle East & North Africa Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

35.5 2,382 155.7 287.2

Upper middle income Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

1.5 22.6 4,390 8,100

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

6.5 67 4.7 .. 51 77 68 9.2 83 81 62 82 0.1

.. 70 2.6 10 64 93 49 5.4 80 82 75 98 0.1

.. 73 2.3 7 61 95 36 3.7 95 96 95 98 0.1

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

17 .. 38.0 94 88 877 3.1 541

16 0.5 52.7 89 92 885 2.9 695

15 0.6 52.7 83 95 1,138 3.2 971

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

62.0 0.8 30.3 11 48 40 23 25 29 .. ..

54.8 2.2 24.6 9 59 33 41 21 25 .. ..

162.0 3.3 16.2 7 62 31 31 21 41 37.3 –4.5

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. 1.5 0.0 0.0 67.0 1

25 .. 3.4 0.3 0.5 68.9 4

25 .. 3.5 92.4 12.5 74.0 1

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

37 74 28.1 65.0 –70 352 0 332

57 100 25.4 .. –140 790 280 200

60 178 5.3 1.0 –140 2,044 2,291 199

20

2012

The Little Data Book


American Samoa East Asia & Pacific Population (thousands) Surface area (sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ millions) GNI, PPP ($ millions)

Upper middle income 68 200 .. ..

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

1.6 .. .. ..

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 93 103 ..

.. .. .. .. .. 100 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

180 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

180 0.2 .. .. .. .. .. ..

180 0.2 .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. 0.0 0.0 .. ..

.. .. .. 3.5 .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. 100 .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. 145 .. .. .. .. .. ..

Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions) The Little Data Book

2012

21


Andorra High income Population (thousands) Surface area (sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ millions)

85 470 3.4 ..

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

1.4 .. 41,750 ..

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

.. .. .. .. .. .. 9 .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. 5 .. 97 102 79 101 ..

.. .. 1.2 .. .. .. 4 .. 99 .. 87 103 ..

Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

160 .. .. 100 100 .. .. ..

160 0.0 .. 100 100 .. 8.1 ..

160 0.0 .. 100 100 .. 6.5 ..

1,029 3.8 7.3 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

1,134 1.2 4.5 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

3,712 3.6 3.2 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. 0.0 0.0 .. ..

.. .. .. 36.4 10.5 .. 11

.. .. .. 77.2 81.0 .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. 100 .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

22

2012

The Little Data Book


Angola Sub-Saharan Africa Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Lower middle income 19.1 1,247 75.2 103.1

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

2.8 .. 3,940 5,410

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

.. 41 7.2 .. .. .. 243 .. 38 33 11 .. 0.5

2.0 45 6.8 207 6 45 200 27.5 41 .. 15 82 1.9

.. 51 5.4 157 .. 47 161 15.6 93 47 31 79 2.0

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

610 .. .. 42 29 569 0.4 61

597 0.2 0.4 46 42 533 0.7 89

585 0.2 0.4 51 58 641 1.4 202

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

10.3 –0.3 10.9 18 41 41 39 21 12 .. ..

9.1 3.0 418.2 6 72 22 90 63 15 .. ..

84.4 2.3 26.6 10 63 27 58 44 15 .. ..

.. .. 7.1 0.0 0.0 .. ..

119 .. 6.4 0.2 0.1 10.4 ..

68 .. 4.4 46.7 10.0 .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

53 94 8.6 8.1 –150 .. –335 266

The Little Data Book

2012

120 89 100 211 9.4 18.6 20.7 4.5 –126 82 .. 82.1 879 –3,227 302 239

23


Antigua and Barbuda Latin America & Caribbean Population (thousands) Surface area (sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Upper middle income 88 440 1.2 1.8

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

1.0 .. 13,280 20,400

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

.. 74 1.7 .. 53 .. 26 .. 89 .. .. .. ..

.. 75 1.7 .. 53 100 15 .. 95 .. 79 .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. 100 8 .. 98 100 105 96 ..

Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

100 .. 3.3 .. .. 1,589 4.8 ..

100 0.3 .. 91 95 .. 4.4 ..

100 0.2 3.3 .. .. 1,699 5.1 ..

Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

392 2.5 2.3 4 20 76 89 87 32 .. ..

803 1.5 21.3 2 16 82 58 62 35 .. ..

1,211 –5.2 2.0 2 19 79 44 54 18 .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. .. 0.0 0.0 .. ..

.. .. .. 28.3 6.5 33.0 0

21 .. .. 190.9 80.6 .. 0

70 .. .. .. .. 12.5 60.6 4.6

57 100 .. .. .. 20.7 43.1 9.8

52 75 .. .. .. 24.8 96.7 19.1

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

24

2012

The Little Data Book


Argentina Latin America & Caribbean Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

40.4 2,780 348.4 629.3

Upper middle income Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

0.9 .. 8,620 15,570

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

5.0 71 3.0 .. .. 96 27 .. 93 .. 72 107 0.3

3.2 74 2.5 64 65 98 20 .. 91 99 87 101 0.4

4.4 76 2.2 55 78 98 14 2.3 99 106 89 104 0.5

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

348 .. .. 94 90 1,411 3.4 1,303

319 0.9 11.8 96 91 1,650 3.8 2,085

294 0.8 4.0 97 90 1,853 4.8 2,759

141 –2.4 2,076.8 8 36 56 10 5 14 .. ..

284 –0.8 1.0 5 28 67 11 12 16 14.1 –5.7

369 9.2 15.4 10 31 59 22 18 22 .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. 2.3 1.1 0.0 0.0 28.5 8

66 58.4 1.1 17.6 7.0 29.4 9

26 17.3 0.9 141.8 36.0 .. 7

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

12 64 62 37.0 120 23 1.8 169

18 100 141 69.4 –50 86 10.4 52

34 127 128 16.7 –200 641 7.1 155

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

The Little Data Book

2012

25


Armenia Europe & Central Asia Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Lower middle income 3.1 30 9.9 17.5

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

0.2 35.8 3,200 5,660

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

.. 68 2.5 .. 56 100 55 .. 93 .. .. .. 0.1

7.6 71 1.7 44 61 97 33 2.6 92 93 90 104 0.1

8.8 74 1.7 34 55 100 20 4.2 97 101 92 102 0.1

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

3.5 .. .. .. .. 2,171 1.1 2,718

3.0 1.3 22.3 92 89 651 1.1 1,295

2.6 1.5 36.4 98 90 843 1.8 1,550

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

2.3 –11.7 79.4 17 52 31 35 46 47 .. ..

1.9 5.9 –1.4 26 39 35 23 51 19 17.7 –0.7

9.4 2.1 9.2 20 36 44 21 45 33 22.4 –4.9

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. 2.1 0.0 0.0 99.2 ..

18 0.1 3.6 0.6 1.3 91.3 5

8 0.3 4.5 125.0 44.0 93.6 2

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

.. .. 134 1.2 –68 .. 2 3

62 100 916 8.3 –225 87 104 216

51 126 6,103 33.4 –75 996 570 340

26

2012

The Little Data Book


Aruba High income Population (thousands) Surface area (sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ millions)

108 180 .. ..

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

0.8 .. .. ..

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

.. 73 2.2 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. 74 1.9 44 .. 96 .. .. .. 98 97 99 ..

.. 75 1.7 29 .. .. .. .. .. 91 90 99 ..

Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

4.0 .. .. 100 .. .. 29.6 ..

4.0 0.0 .. 100 .. .. 24.7 ..

4.0 0.0 .. 100 .. .. 21.7 ..

Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

872 12.0 5.7 .. .. .. 101 161 .. .. ..

1,859 3.7 4.0 .. .. .. 70 91 .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. 0.0 0.0 .. ..

.. .. .. 16.6 15.4 .. ..

.. .. .. 122.0 41.8 .. 3

58 .. .. .. –5.2 2.6 131 30.0

54 100 .. .. 6.3 7.9 –128 –7.4

.. 102 .. .. 4.0 15.6 161 ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions) The Little Data Book

2012

27


Australia High income Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

22.3 7,741 1,030.3 823.0

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

1.6 .. 46,200 36,910

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

.. 77 1.9 .. .. 100 9 .. 86 .. 132 100 0.1

.. 79 1.8 18 71 100 6 .. 91 .. 162 100 0.1

.. 82 1.9 14 .. .. 5 .. 94 .. 129 98 0.1

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

1,545 .. .. 100 100 5,053 16.8 8,527

1,549 0.0 4.9 100 100 5,645 17.2 10,194

1,493 0.4 4.6 100 100 5,643 18.6 11,113

314 3.6 6.1 5 31 64 15 17 29 .. ..

417 4.0 2.5 4 27 70 19 21 26 25.8 2.0

1,132 2.3 0.1 2 20 78 20 20 28 24.6 –2.4

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. 34.7 2.1 1.1 0.6 35.0 8

2 89.4 1.9 44.7 46.8 41.6 15

2 128.5 2.0 100.9 75.9 43.5 12

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

26 .. .. .. 667 2.4 8.1 ..

32 100 .. .. 466 1.9 13.6 ..

37 179 .. .. 1,125 4.8 30.6 ..

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

28

2012

The Little Data Book


Austria High income Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

8.4 84 394.6 333.9

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

0.3 .. 47,030 39,790

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

.. 76 1.5 .. .. 100 9 .. 60 .. 101 94 0.1

8.6 78 1.4 14 .. .. 6 .. 75 101 98 97 0.1

.. 80 1.4 11 .. .. 4 .. 76 99 100 97 0.3

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

38 .. 4.9 100 100 3,228 7.9 6,104

38 –0.2 6.5 100 100 3,566 7.7 7,109

39 –0.1 4.7 100 100 3,941 8.1 7,944

165 4.2 3.1 4 32 64 37 37 25 .. ..

192 3.7 0.9 2 31 67 46 44 25 37.7 –2.0

379 2.3 1.8 2 29 69 54 50 22 36.6 –2.6

.. 7.0 1.2 1.0 0.1 100.0 8

28 15.6 1.0 76.4 33.7 100.0 15

28 17.9 0.9 145.9 72.7 100.0 12

55 .. .. .. 111 0.6 0.7 ..

73 100 .. .. 65 1.8 8.5 ..

82 91 .. .. 160 3.2 –25.6 ..

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions) The Little Data Book

2012

29


Azerbaijan Europe & Central Asia Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Upper middle income 9.1 87 48.3 83.9

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

1.2 15.8 5,330 9,270

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

.. 65 2.7 .. .. 97 93 .. 52 95 89 100 0.1

7.5 67 2.0 37 55 84 67 14.0 67 90 75 96 0.1

8.0 71 2.3 32 51 88 46 8.4 67 90 .. 99 0.1

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

9.4 .. .. 70 .. 3,665 6.0 2,584

9.4 0.0 29.0 74 62 1,421 3.8 2,040

9.4 0.0 35.2 80 82 1,338 5.4 1,620

8.9 –0.7 83.5 29 33 38 44 39 27 .. ..

5.3 11.1 12.5 17 45 38 39 38 21 .. ..

51.8 5.0 11.2 6 65 30 55 20 17 25.8 0.3

.. .. 2.1 0.0 0.0 .. ..

105 0.1 2.3 5.2 0.1 49.4 5

8 .. 2.9 100.5 46.7 50.6 1

.. .. 0.0 .. –151 .. .. 0

55 100 1.4 6.0 –128 57 130 139

64 160 7.0 1.4 53 1,432 563 156

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

30

2012

The Little Data Book


Bahamas, The High income Population (thousands) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

343 14 7.0 8.4

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

1.3 .. 20,610 24,800

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

.. 69 2.6 .. 62 99 22 .. 86 .. 93 102 3.6

.. 72 2.1 51 45 99 17 .. 93 82 82 98 3.2

.. 75 1.9 30 .. 99 16 .. 94 97 96 104 3.1

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

5.2 .. .. .. 100 2,520 7.6 ..

5.2 0.0 .. 96 100 .. 6.0 ..

5.2 0.0 .. .. 100 2,156 6.5 ..

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

3.2 –1.6 5.1 3 16 81 54 56 29 15.7 –1.9

5.5 4.1 3.1 2 19 79 43 52 36 17.0 0.4

7.5 0.9 5.6 2 22 76 40 52 38 17.3 –3.3

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. .. 0.8 0.0 52.0 ..

.. .. .. 10.6 8.0 57.4 7

31 .. .. 124.9 43.0 .. 0

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

88 .. .. .. –0.9 .. –17 3.2

48 100 .. .. –2.7 .. 250 ..

44 97 .. .. 6.4 .. 861 ..

The Little Data Book

2012

31


Bahrain High income Population (millions) Surface area (sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

1.3 760 19.7 26.0

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49) Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

7.6 .. 18,730 24,710

1990

2000

2010

.. 72 3.7 .. 54 .. 17 6.3 87 97 100 101 ..

.. 74 2.7 17 .. .. 12 .. 98 93 99 104 ..

.. 75 2.5 15 .. 97 10 .. 99 .. .. .. ..

2.0 4.6 .. –5.6 4,872.5 6,375.0 .. .. .. .. 8,826 9,190 24.1 29.2 6,573 8,994

10.0 –3.6 219.8 .. .. 8,096 21.4 9,214

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

4.2 4.4 4.8 1 46 53 116 95 16 27.1 –2.3

8.0 5.3 14.3 .. .. .. 89 64 10 32.9 8.5

20.6 6.3 11.5 .. .. .. 97 74 33 28.8 4.0

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. 5.1 1.0 0.0 75.4 ..

.. 83.1 4.0 32.2 6.2 77.6 0

9 82.2 3.7 124.2 55.0 82.1 0

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

177 .. .. .. 13 .. –183 138

136 100 .. .. 19 .. 364 60

94 114 .. .. 448 .. 156 ..

32

2012

The Little Data Book


Bangladesh South Asia Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Low income 148.7 144 104.7 269.7

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

1.1 31.5 700 1,810

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

9.5 59 4.5 .. 40 .. 143 61.5 65 41 18 75 0.1

8.7 65 3.1 116 54 12 86 48.2 72 64 48 .. 0.1

8.9 69 2.2 73 53 27 48 41.3 94 65 49 107 0.1

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

15 .. .. 77 39 121 0.1 49

15 0.2 .. 79 47 144 0.2 103

14 0.2 2.9 81 56 201 0.3 252

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

30.1 5.9 6.3 30 21 48 6 14 17 .. ..

47.1 5.9 1.9 26 25 49 14 19 23 9.8 –0.7

100.4 6.1 6.5 19 28 53 18 25 24 11.1 –1.7

.. 1.1 1.1 0.0 0.0 7.2 0

50 2.5 1.4 0.2 0.1 9.5 0

19 46.8 1.2 46.2 3.7 .. 1

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ billions)

18 117 12.3 34.6 –289 0.8 3 2.1

The Little Data Book

2012

32 47 100 59 15.5 25.0 10.5 4.7 –956 –2,908 2.0 10.9 280 917 1.2 1.4

33


Barbados High income Population (thousands) Surface area (sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

274 430 3.5 5.2

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

0.2 .. 12,660 19,000

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

.. 74 1.7 .. 55 .. 18 .. 87 .. .. .. 0.1

.. 75 1.6 48 55 98 17 .. 94 99 105 108 0.4

.. 77 1.6 42 .. 100 20 .. 85 101 101 106 1.4

Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

80 .. .. 100 100 1,241 4.1 ..

80 0.0 76.1 100 100 .. 4.4 ..

80 0.0 76.1 100 100 1,476 5.0 ..

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

1.7 –4.8 5.5 7 20 73 49 52 19 .. ..

2.6 2.3 0.8 4 16 79 50 57 19 .. ..

4.1 –5.3 3.4 3 23 74 47 52 15 35.6 –5.6

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. 16.5 .. 0.0 0.0 86.8 20

.. 66.0 .. 10.6 4.0 98.6 23

.. 106.2 .. 127.8 70.0 .. 12

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

54 .. .. .. –5.4 38 11 2.6

56 100 .. .. –1.9 115 19 0.2

49 117 .. .. 0.0 123 669 16.2

34

2012

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Belarus Europe & Central Asia Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Upper middle income 9.5 208 56.5 129.0

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

–0.2 5.4 5,950 13,590

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

11.1 71 1.9 .. .. 100 17 .. 94 94 98 .. 0.1

8.5 69 1.3 28 .. 100 14 .. 98 100 87 102 0.1

9.2 70 1.4 21 73 100 6 1.3 99 103 96 101 0.3

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

78 .. .. 100 93 4,470 8.6 4,381

83 –0.6 11.7 100 93 2,467 5.3 2,989

86 –0.4 7.5 100 93 2,815 6.5 3,299

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

17.4 –1.2 103.6 24 47 29 46 44 27 31.5 –4.8

12.7 5.8 185.3 14 39 47 69 72 25 28.7 0.1

54.7 7.6 10.2 9 44 47 55 68 41 31.7 –1.5

.. .. 1.6 0.0 0.0 95.8 ..

79 .. 1.3 0.5 1.9 86.4 4

5 .. 1.3 108.9 32.1 88.6 3

.. .. 1.0 0.7 –32.5 0 7 ..

125 100 2.1 4.8 0.0 139 119 ..

110 103 25.7 4.6 –50.0 376 1,403 137

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

The Little Data Book

2012

35


Belgium High income Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

10.9 31 499.5 417.3

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

0.9 .. 45,840 38,290

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

.. 76 1.6 .. 78 .. 10 .. 85 79 101 101 0.1

8.5 78 1.7 19 76 99 6 .. 82 .. 145 105 0.2

.. 80 1.8 12 .. .. 4 .. 94 90 111 98 0.2

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

6.8 .. .. 100 100 4,844 10.9 6,380

6.7 0.2 41.2 100 100 5,707 11.3 8,248

6.8 –0.2 34.0 100 100 5,213 9.8 7,903

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

203 3.1 2.8 2 31 67 67 65 23 .. ..

233 3.7 2.0 1 27 72 78 75 23 42.8 0.0

469 2.3 1.8 1 22 78 80 77 20 40.7 –3.3

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. 32.2 2.3 0.4 0.0 81.2 ..

56 78.4 1.4 54.9 29.2 78.2 10

4 57.4 1.1 111.5 73.7 78.2 10

117 .. .. .. 52 3.6 .. ..

157 100 .. .. 61 4.0 18.1 ..

171 101 .. .. 200 10.2 72.9 ..

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

36

2012

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Belize Latin America & Caribbean Population (thousands) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Lower middle income 345 23 1.3 2.1

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

3.4 33.5 3,810 6,200

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

3.0 72 4.5 .. 47 77 44 5.4 86 96 63 99 0.5

3.3 74 3.6 97 56 100 27 .. 96 94 .. 95 2.2

.. 76 2.8 74 34 95 17 4.9 98 105 .. 93 2.3

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

16 .. .. 74 77 562 1.6 ..

15 0.6 0.9 86 83 .. 2.8 ..

14 0.7 0.8 98 90 571 1.3 ..

Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

413 10.6 2.8 20 22 58 62 60 27 25.4 –0.6

832 13.0 0.5 17 21 62 53 74 29 .. ..

1,401 2.9 0.9 12 23 65 62 70 25 .. ..

.. .. 1.1 0.0 0.0 .. 0

.. .. 0.9 6.7 6.0 17.0 0

44 .. 1.1 56.3 12.6 .. 0

83 .. 143 7.2 –4.7 18.5 17.2 30.3

89 100 615 17.3 –2.0 26.4 23.3 14.7

74 103 1,045 12.1 –1.0 79.5 96.4 24.8

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

The Little Data Book

2012

37


Benin Sub-Saharan Africa Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Low income 8.9 113 6.9 14.0

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

2.8 39.0 780 1,590

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

.. 49 6.7 .. .. .. 178 .. 79 19 .. .. 0.2

7.0 53 6.0 120 19 66 143 21.5 70 40 23 61 1.4

.. 56 5.3 103 17 74 115 20.2 69 63 .. .. 1.2

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

58 .. .. 57 5 348 0.1 36

51 1.3 1.3 66 9 304 0.2 61

46 1.0 0.5 75 13 404 0.5 91

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

1.8 3.2 1.6 36 13 51 14 26 14 .. ..

2.3 5.8 3.2 37 14 50 15 28 19 16.5 0.7

6.6 3.0 1.8 .. .. .. 14 28 26 18.2 –1.0

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. 1.8 0.0 0.0 20.0 ..

32 .. 0.6 0.9 0.2 9.5 0

29 .. 1.0 79.9 3.1 .. ..

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

30 107 1.1 9.9 –8.7 101 62 267

45 100 1.4 13.5 –29.3 87 60 243

51 104 1.2 2.5 50.0 248 111 691

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Bermuda High income Population (thousands) Surface area (sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ millions)

65 50 .. ..

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

0.3 .. .. ..

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

.. 74 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. 78 1.7 .. .. .. .. .. .. 97 79 104 ..

.. 79 1.8 .. .. .. .. .. .. 100 79 108 ..

Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

10.0 .. .. .. .. .. 9.9 ..

10.0 0.0 .. .. .. .. 8.0 ..

10.0 0.0 .. .. .. .. 6.1 ..

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

1.6 0.0 6.0 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

3.5 2.9 2.5 1 9 90 .. .. .. .. ..

5.7 –8.1 2.5 1 8 92 26 36 10 .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. .. 1.8 0.0 .. ..

.. 61.2 .. 20.9 43.4 .. ..

.. 23.8 .. 136.5 84.7 .. ..

41 .. .. .. .. .. .. 42.2

22 100 .. .. .. .. 67 ..

19 72 .. .. .. 1,345 210 ..

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions) The Little Data Book

2012

39


Bhutan South Asia

Lower middle income

Population (thousands) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

726 38 1.4 3.6

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

1.7 23.2 1,870 4,990

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

.. 53 5.8 .. .. .. 139 34.0 93 24 .. .. 0.1

5.4 61 3.7 65 31 24 89 14.1 78 51 41 86 0.1

6.6 67 2.4 47 66 65 56 12.7 95 95 70 102 0.2

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

30 .. .. .. .. 100 0.2 ..

31 –0.3 .. 86 39 .. 0.7 ..

32 –0.3 0.4 96 44 354 1.0 ..

Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

281 9.1 6.4 36 24 40 29 33 32 18.1 –6.2

428 7.5 4.7 28 35 36 30 51 48 23.5 –2.5

1,516 7.4 5.4 19 43 38 65 72 41 22.9 0.5

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. .. 0.0 0.0 77.1 ..

62 11.0 .. 0.0 0.4 62.0 0

36 .. .. 54.3 13.6 .. 0

54 .. 84 .. 1.6 .. .. 46

65 100 204 5.1 0.1 .. 2.5 53

86 137 898 14.1 16.8 4.8 19.0 131

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

40

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Bolivia Latin America & Caribbean Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

9.9 1,099 17.9 46.0

Lower middle income Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

1.6 60.1 1,810 4,640

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

5.6 59 4.9 .. 30 43 121 9.7 53 71 .. .. 0.1

0.8 63 4.1 85 53 69 82 5.9 84 99 80 97 0.2

2.1 66 3.3 76 61 71 54 4.5 79 99 80 99 0.2

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

628 .. .. 70 18 392 0.8 274

601 0.4 0.7 80 22 455 1.1 421

572 0.5 0.3 88 27 638 1.3 558

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

4.9 4.6 16.3 17 35 48 23 24 13 .. ..

8.4 2.5 5.2 15 30 55 18 27 18 18.4 –8.7

19.6 4.1 8.8 13 37 50 41 34 17 23.3 1.2

.. .. 2.7 0.0 0.0 4.3 7

60 20.7 2.0 7.0 1.4 6.6 40

50 17.2 1.6 72.3 20.0 7.9 9

33 102 4.3 38.7 –100 5 27 545

36 100 5.8 39.4 –100 127 736 482

59 152 5.3 9.3 –165 1,088 622 676

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

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2012

41


Bosnia and Herzegovina Europe & Central Asia Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Upper middle income 3.8 51 17.9 33.5

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

–0.2 14.0 4,770 8,910

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

.. 67 1.7 .. .. 97 19 .. 52 .. .. .. ..

9.1 74 1.4 22 48 100 10 4.2 80 .. .. .. ..

6.7 75 1.1 15 36 100 8 1.6 93 70 90 102 ..

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

22 .. .. 97 .. 1,629 1.0 3,044

22 0.1 .. 97 95 1,179 6.3 2,062

22 0.0 0.9 99 95 1,580 8.3 2,867

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

5.5 5.5 28.8 11 23 66 29 76 21 37.1 0.7

16.6 0.8 1.2 8 28 64 36 57 20 39.7 –2.3

.. .. .. 0.0 0.0 54.0 ..

68 .. 3.6 2.5 1.1 52.3 2

40 .. 1.4 82.7 52.0 52.3 3

.. .. .. .. –24 .. .. 0

76 100 2.8 14.2 282 1.6 146 738

85 101 8.5 19.9 –10 1.9 232 492

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

42

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Botswana Sub-Saharan Africa Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Upper middle income 2.0 582 13.6 27.5

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

1.3 32.9 6,790 13,700

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

.. 64 4.7 .. 33 78 59 .. 87 90 40 108 3.5

.. 51 3.4 66 44 94 96 10.7 91 89 75 102 26.0

.. 53 2.8 47 53 95 48 11.2 94 94 80 100 24.8

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

137 .. 0.9 93 38 912 1.6 716

125 0.9 8.1 95 52 1,045 2.4 906

114 1.0 1.6 96 62 1,034 2.5 1,503

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

3.8 6.8 6.3 5 61 34 55 50 37 50.8 19.1

5.6 5.9 0.0 3 53 45 53 41 32 .. ..

14.9 7.2 14.7 3 45 52 29 32 36 .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. 6.6 4.1 0.0 0.0 32.0 ..

108 17.4 3.3 12.6 2.9 35.3 1

61 27.4 2.7 117.8 6.0 32.6 0

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

98 98 553 4.3 5.8 85.6 96 145

84 100 453 2.0 24.5 26.2 57 31

70 85 1,709 1.5 18.7 99.5 265 157

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43


Brazil Latin America & Caribbean Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

194.9 8,515 1,830.4 2,144.9

Upper middle income Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

0.9 21.4 9,390 11,000

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

2.2 66 2.8 .. 59 70 59 .. 78 93 .. .. ..

2.1 70 2.4 87 .. 96 36 3.7 99 108 104 103 ..

2.9 73 1.8 76 81 97 19 2.2 99 .. 101 102 ..

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

5,748 .. .. 89 68 937 1.4 1,454

5,459 0.5 1.1 94 74 1,084 1.9 1,891

5,195 0.5 0.7 98 79 1,243 2.1 2,206

462 –4.3 2,735.5 8 39 53 8 7 20 22.8 –3.4

645 4.3 6.2 6 28 67 10 12 18 19.9 –1.8

2,088 7.5 7.3 6 27 67 11 12 19 23.1 –3.5

.. 3.6 1.7 0.0 0.0 9.7 6

152 35.1 1.8 13.3 2.9 5.5 19

119 74.0 1.6 104.1 40.7 .. 11

12 66 120 22.5 –92 0.6 1.0 151

18 100 242 95.1 –100 1.6 32.8 231

19 125 347 19.0 –500 4.0 48.5 664

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

44

2012

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Brunei Darussalam High income Population (thousands) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

399 5.8 12.5 19.7

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

1.8 .. 31,800 50,180

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

.. 74 3.5 .. .. .. 12 .. 99 100 77 100 ..

.. 76 2.4 27 .. 99 9 .. 99 120 89 100 ..

.. 78 2.0 24 .. 100 7 .. 94 118 110 102 ..

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

4.1 .. 0.9 .. .. 6,990 25.5 4,438

4.0 0.4 .. .. .. 7,503 20.0 7,687

3.8 0.4 1.1 .. .. 7,971 27.5 8,662

3.5 1.1 8.4 1 62 37 62 37 19 .. ..

6.0 2.8 29.0 1 64 35 67 36 13 .. ..

10.7 –1.8 –22.1 1 74 25 78 28 14 .. ..

.. .. 6.6 0.7 0.0 31.4 ..

.. .. 4.1 29.0 9.0 34.7 0

101 .. 3.1 109.0 50.0 81.1 ..

91 .. .. .. 2.6 .. .. 3.9

83 100 .. .. 5.4 .. 61 ..

90 179 .. .. 3.5 .. 496 ..

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions) The Little Data Book

2012

45


Bulgaria Europe & Central Asia Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Upper middle income 7.5 111 47.3 101.2

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

–0.7 10.6 6,280 13,440

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

10.5 72 1.8 .. .. 99 22 .. 99 101 99 99 0.1

6.5 72 1.3 47 63 100 21 1.6 89 97 93 98 0.1

8.5 74 1.5 39 .. 100 13 .. 97 95 88 97 0.1

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

33 .. 35.7 100 99 3,277 8.9 4,759

34 –0.1 28.8 100 100 2,283 5.3 3,674

39 –1.5 28.7 100 100 2,305 6.6 4,401

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

20.7 –9.1 26.2 17 49 34 33 37 26 47.1 –5.0

12.9 5.7 6.6 14 26 61 50 56 18 32.9 –0.4

47.7 0.2 2.9 5 31 63 58 60 25 32.4 –0.1

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. 3.7 0.0 0.0 91.6 ..

32 4.8 2.7 9.0 5.3 92.1 3

18 15.2 1.4 135.4 46.0 98.4 8

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

49 .. 10.9 19.4 –186 .. 0.0 ..

88 100 11.2 17.7 –108 58 1.0 ..

97 109 48.1 14.2 –50 1,387 2.4 ..

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Burkina Faso Sub-Saharan Africa Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Low income 16.5 274 9.0 20.7

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

3.0 46.4 550 1,250

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

.. 48 6.8 .. 8 42 205 29.6 79 19 7 .. 3.9

7.0 50 6.3 133 12 31 191 33.7 59 24 10 70 2.3

6.7 55 5.9 120 17 54 176 26.0 94 45 23 89 1.2

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

68 .. 3.0 43 8 .. 0.1 ..

62 0.9 7.9 60 11 .. 0.1 ..

56 1.0 7.9 79 17 .. 0.1 ..

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

3.1 –0.6 1.8 29 21 50 11 24 19 .. ..

2.6 1.8 –1.7 29 24 47 9 25 17 11.4 –4.5

8.8 9.2 4.0 .. .. .. .. .. .. 15.6 –5.7

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. 2.3 0.0 0.0 16.6 ..

40 .. 1.2 0.2 0.1 16.0 3

13 .. 1.5 34.7 1.4 .. 8

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

22 119 0.8 9.4 –184 140 0.5 327

31 100 1.4 18.6 –137 67 23.2 180

38 121 2.1 3.7 –125 95 37.1 1,065

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47


Burundi Sub-Saharan Africa Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Low income 8.4 28 1.4 3.4

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

2.6 66.9 170 400

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

7.9 46 6.5 .. .. .. 183 .. 74 41 5 79 3.9

5.1 46 5.8 33 16 25 164 38.9 76 26 11 80 5.2

9.0 50 4.3 20 22 60 142 35.2 92 56 25 94 3.3

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

2.9 .. .. 70 44 .. 0.05 ..

2.0 3.7 2.9 72 45 .. 0.05 ..

1.7 1.4 2.3 72 46 .. 0.02 ..

1,132 3.5 6.0 56 19 25 8 28 15 18.2 –2.3

709 –0.9 13.2 40 19 41 8 20 6 15.8 –2.4

1,611 3.9 7.8 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. 3.5 0.0 0.0 .. 0

43 .. 6.0 0.3 0.1 7.1 0

14 .. 3.8 13.7 2.1 .. 8

27 128 907 43.4 –3 .. 1.3 263

28 100 1,108 39.4 -400 .. 11.7 93

38 153 537 16.6 370 28.2 0.8 632

Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

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Cambodia East Asia & Pacific Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Low income 14.1 181 10.6 29.4

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

1.1 30.1 750 2,080

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

.. 55 5.7 .. .. .. 121 .. 34 .. 25 .. 0.5

6.9 57 3.8 49 24 32 103 39.5 65 52 17 82 1.3

7.5 63 2.6 36 51 71 51 29.0 93 87 46 94 0.5

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

129 .. .. 31 9 .. 0.05 ..

115 1.1 3.4 44 17 320 0.18 29

101 1.3 0.5 64 31 371 0.33 131

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

2.5 .. .. 47 13 40 16 33 12 .. ..

3.7 8.8 –3.2 38 23 39 50 62 18 10.3 –3.4

11.2 6.0 3.1 36 23 41 54 60 17 12.2 –3.7

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. 1.8 0.0 0.0 7.5 ..

94 .. 2.2 1.0 0.0 6.3 0

85 .. 1.8 57.6 1.3 .. 0

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

30 .. 1.8 4.1 150 9 33 41

91 100 2.6 1.7 94 121 149 396

111 76 4.7 0.8 –255 369 783 737

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49


Cameroon Sub-Saharan Africa Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Lower middle income 19.6 475 23.2 44.4

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

2.2 39.9 1,180 2,270

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

.. 53 5.9 .. 16 64 137 18.0 56 54 25 82 0.6

6.5 50 5.0 139 26 60 148 15.1 49 51 28 85 5.5

6.7 51 4.5 120 29 63 136 16.6 79 79 42 85 5.3

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

243 .. 0.1 49 48 409 0.1 193

221 0.9 0.4 64 49 402 0.2 173

199 1.0 0.3 77 49 361 0.3 271

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

11.2 –6.1 1.6 25 29 46 20 17 18 14.3 –5.6

10.1 4.2 2.8 22 36 42 23 20 17 14.1 0.1

22.4 2.6 3.2 19 31 50 28 33 18 .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. 1.5 0.0 0.0 10.5 3

45 .. 1.3 0.7 0.3 8.1 1

15 .. 1.6 44.1 4.0 17.0 5

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

31 81 6.6 20.5 24.8 23 –113 444

33 100 10.3 21.5 –0.2 30 159 377

40 144 3.0 3.6 –19.0 195 –1 538

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Canada High income Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

34.1 9,985 1,475.9 1,309.5

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990

2000

2010

.. 77 1.8 .. .. .. 8 .. 89 .. 100 100 0.1

7.2 79 1.5 17 74 98 6 .. 96 98 102 101 0.2

.. 81 1.7 12 .. 100 6 .. 93 .. 101 99 0.2

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

1.2 .. 43,250 38,370

3,101 3,101 3,101 .. 0.0 0.0 .. 1.6 1.6 100 100 100 100 100 100 7,505 8,172 7,482 16.2 17.5 16.3 16,109 16,991 15,471

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

583 0.2 3.2 3 31 66 26 26 21 20.7 –5.2

725 5.2 4.1 2 33 65 46 40 20 20.9 2.2

1,577 3.2 2.9 2 32 67 29 31 22 17.2 –2.0

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. 41.5 2.0 2.1 0.4 35.0 14

3 116.1 1.1 28.4 51.1 39.9 19

5 137.0 1.4 70.4 81.3 .. 14

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

43 .. .. .. 889 .. 7.6 ..

72 100 .. .. 733 .. 66.1 ..

50 120 .. .. 1,098 .. 23.6 ..

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51


Cape Verde Sub-Saharan Africa Population (thousands) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Lower middle income 496 4.0 1.6 1.9

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

0.9 26.6 3,270 3,820

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

.. 65 5.3 .. 24 .. 59 .. 79 54 20 94 ..

4.5 69 3.7 99 53 89 46 .. 86 107 68 99 ..

.. 74 2.4 74 61 78 36 .. 96 99 88 104 ..

Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

580 .. .. .. .. 83 0.3 ..

820 –3.6 6.8 83 44 .. 0.4 ..

850 –0.4 6.8 88 61 213 0.6 ..

Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

339 0.7 2.3 14 21 64 13 44 23 .. ..

531 6.6 –1.2 12 18 70 28 61 20 .. ..

1,648 5.4 3.3 9 20 71 23 64 53 28.0 –3.7

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. 0.8 0.0 0.0 78.0 ..

.. .. 1.3 4.5 1.8 69.0 1

11 .. 0.5 75.0 30.0 .. 0

42 100 134 9.1 –34.0 59 0 105

45 100 319 10.7 –9.4 87 33 94

48 104 857 5.3 –17.3 139 112 329

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

52

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Cayman Islands High income Population (thousands) Surface area (sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ millions)

56 260 .. ..

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

0.8 .. .. ..

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 109 103 103 ..

.. .. .. .. .. 100 .. .. .. 86 83 104 ..

Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

130 .. .. .. 96 .. 9.7 ..

130 0.0 .. 93 96 .. 11.3 ..

130 0.0 .. 96 96 .. 10.1 ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. .. 0.0 0.0 .. ..

.. .. .. 26.6 .. .. ..

.. .. .. 177.6 66.0 .. ..

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

.. .. .. .. .. .. 0.0 3.0

.. 100 .. .. .. .. 7.6 ..

.. 82 .. .. .. .. 12.9 ..

Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

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Central African Republic Sub-Saharan Africa Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Low income 4.4 623 2.1 3.5

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

1.9 62.0 470 790

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

2.0 49 5.8 .. .. .. 165 .. 82 30 11 59 3.1

5.2 44 5.4 127 28 44 176 21.8 36 27 12 .. 9.4

3.4 48 4.6 102 19 44 159 .. 62 41 13 69 4.7

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

232 .. .. 58 11 .. 0.1 ..

229 0.1 0.0 63 22 .. 0.1 ..

226 0.1 0.0 67 34 .. 0.1 ..

1,488 –2.1 2.3 48 20 33 15 28 12 .. ..

959 2.3 3.2 53 16 31 20 24 10 .. ..

2,013 3.3 3.2 56 15 29 15 23 11 .. ..

.. .. 1.5 0.0 0.0 .. 1

22 .. 1.0 0.1 0.1 2.7 0

21 .. 2.6 22.3 2.3 .. 0

18 238 699 13.2 –41.0 0.1 0.7 249

29 100 860 .. 11.3 .. 0.8 75

24 86 385 .. 5.0 .. 72.0 264

Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

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Chad Sub-Saharan Africa Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Low income 11.2 1,284 6.9 13.7

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

2.6 55.0 620 1,220

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

.. 51 6.7 .. .. .. 207 .. 32 16 6 41 1.1

6.3 48 6.6 191 8 16 190 29.4 28 23 11 56 3.0

.. 49 6.0 149 5 23 173 .. 46 33 26 65 3.4

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

131 .. .. 39 8 .. 0.02 ..

123 0.6 2.4 45 10 .. 0.02 ..

115 0.7 0.9 51 13 .. 0.05 ..

1,739 –4.2 8.0 29 18 53 13 28 7 .. ..

1,385 –0.9 5.3 42 11 46 17 35 23 .. ..

7,588 4.3 11.6 14 49 38 44 69 37 .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. 3.3 0.0 0.0 0.8 ..

75 .. 1.9 0.1 0.0 0.8 ..

66 .. 3.0 23.8 1.7 .. ..

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

27 112 0.5 4.3 1.4 0.8 9 311

36 100 1.1 6.0 69.4 .. 115 131

80 180 1.7 .. –75.0 .. 781 490

Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

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55


Channel Islands High income Population (thousands) Surface area (sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ millions)

153 190 10.2 ..

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

0.5 .. 67,960 ..

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

.. 75 1.5 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. 78 1.4 13 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. 80 1.5 9 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

8.0 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

8.0 0.0 .. .. .. .. .. ..

8.0 0.0 .. .. .. .. .. ..

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

6.4 5.8 3.9 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

11.5 5.9 3.3 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. 6.1 .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. 2.8 .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. 4.5 .. .. ..

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

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Chile Latin America & Caribbean Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

17.1 756 173.2 250.5

Upper middle income Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

0.9 15.1 10,120 14,640

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

3.6 74 2.6 .. 56 99 19 .. 97 .. 78 101 0.1

3.7 77 2.1 64 61 100 11 0.7 97 98 83 100 0.2

4.3 79 1.9 57 58 100 9 0.5 93 96 88 99 0.4

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

153 .. .. 90 84 1,028 2.6 1,246

158 –0.4 1.3 94 92 1,602 3.9 2,487

162 –0.2 1.2 96 96 1,826 4.4 3,283

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

32 3.7 22.5 9 41 50 34 31 25 .. ..

75 4.5 4.6 6 38 55 32 30 22 21.6 –0.7

213 5.2 14.4 3 43 54 39 32 21 22.0 –0.4

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. 43.1 4.2 0.1 0.0 13.8 5

27 80.3 3.7 22.1 16.6 18.4 3

7 160.6 3.2 116.0 45.0 22.5 5

51 114 19.2 25.9 –40.0 0.4 0.7 104

50 100 37.2 24.8 60.0 13.3 4.9 49

61 204 86.3 15.2 30.0 3.2 15.1 198

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

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57


China East Asia & Pacific Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Upper middle income 1,338.3 9,600 5,720.8 10,221.7

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990

0.5 2.8 4,270 7,640

2000

2010

8.0 69 2.3 .. 85 94 48 12.6 98 104 38 85 ..

6.4 71 1.7 8 87 97 33 7.4 84 .. 62 99 ..

5.0 73 1.6 9 85 99 18 3.4 99 .. 81 103 0.1b

1,571 .. 17.8 67 24 760 2.2 511

1,770 –1.2 .. 80 44 867 2.7 993

2,069 –1.6 19.5 91 64 1,695 5.3 2,631

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

357 3.8 5.8 27 41 32 16 13 36 6.3 ..

1,198 8.4 2.1 15 46 39 23 21 35 7.1 –2.6

5,927 10.4 6.6 10 47 43 30 26 48 11.9 ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. 0.5 2.6 0.0 0.0 .. 6

48 48.5 1.8c 6.8 1.8 81.0 19

38 80.4 2.0c 64.2 34.4 53.5 28

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years)a Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands)a Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ billions)

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32 102 55 11.7 –236 0.2 3 2.0

40 50 100 77 145 549 9.1 3.3 –677 –1,884 4.8 53.0 38 185 1.7 0.6


Colombia Latin America & Caribbean Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

46.3 1,142 255.3 419.6

Upper middle income Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

1.4 37.2 5,510 9,060

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

3.6 68 3.1 .. 66 94 37 8.8 82 74 53 108 0.2

1.9 71 2.6 94 77 86 27 4.9 80 95 72 104 0.9

3.0 73 2.1 71 79 98 22 3.4 88 114 96 104 0.5

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

625 .. .. 89 67 730 1.7 869

615 0.2 0.6 91 73 674 1.5 845

605 0.2 0.6 92 77 697 1.5 1,047

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

40 6.0 26.1 17 38 45 21 15 19 .. ..

100 4.4 32.4 9 29 62 16 17 15 15.1 –5.8

288 4.3 3.1 7 36 57 16 18 24 18.2 –3.5

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. 3.5 3.3 0.0 0.0 11.9 5

60 9.5 2.9 5.7 2.2 14.4 8

14 72.3 3.7 96.1 36.5 .. 5

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

31 81 17.2 43.1 –235 0.5 0.5 89

24 100 33.9 30.3 –150 1.6 2.4 186

28 134 63.1 21.0 –120 4.1 6.9 910

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Comoros Sub-Saharan Africa Population (thousands) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ millions) GNI, PPP ($ millions)

Low income 735 1.9 550.4 802.4

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

2.6 44.8 750 1,090

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

.. 56 5.6 .. .. .. 125 16.2 87 40 22 .. 0.1

2.6 58 5.3 65 26 62 104 25.0 70 50 29 84 0.1

.. 61 4.9 54 .. .. 86 .. 72 75 .. .. 0.1

Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

120 .. .. 87 17 41 0.2 ..

80 4.0 0.8 92 28 .. 0.1 ..

30 9.3 0.8 95 36 60 0.2 ..

Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

250 5.1 2.2 41 8 50 14 37 20 .. ..

202 1.4 3.4 49 12 40 17 33 10 .. ..

541 2.1 3.8 46 12 42 15 48 12 .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. .. 0.0 0.0 69.3 ..

.. .. .. 0.0 0.3 76.5 0

24 .. .. 22.5 5.1 .. ..

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

28 86 188 2.9 –4.5 9.9 0.4 44.9

28 100 226 .. –6.0 .. 0.1 18.7

38 71 485 14.8 –10.0 .. 9.4 68.0

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Congo, Dem. Rep. Sub-Saharan Africa Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Low income 66.0 2,345 12.0 21.4

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

2.7 71.3 180 320

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

.. 47 7.1 .. 8 .. 181 .. 38 48 21 70 ..

.. 46 6.9 235 31 61 181 33.6 46 32 19 80 ..

5.5 48 5.8 183 17 79 170 28.2 68 59 38 79 ..

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

1,604 .. .. 45 9 324 0.11 124

1,572 0.2 0.1 44 16 336 0.03 92

1,541 0.2 0.0 45 24 357 0.05 104

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

9.3 –6.6 109.0 31 29 40 30 29 9 10.1 –6.5

4.3 –6.9 515.8 50 20 30 22 21 3 3.7 –4.2

13.1 7.2 22.4 43 24 33 15 34 29 23.4 3.8

.. .. .. 0.0 0.0 .. ..

166 .. 1.0 0.0 0.0 1.8 ..

65 .. 1.4 17.9 0.7 .. ..

43 86 10.3 .. 75 .. –14 896

35 100 11.7 .. –1,501 .. 72 177

75 138 5.8 3.8 –24 .. 2,939 3,413

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions) The Little Data Book

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Congo, Rep. Sub-Saharan Africa Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Lower middle income 4.0 342 8.7 13.0

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

2.5 50.1 2,150 3,220

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

.. 56 5.4 .. .. .. 116 .. 75 59 48 89 5.2

.. 54 4.9 130 .. .. 104 .. 34 57 36 86 3.9

5.0 57 4.5 115 44 83 93 11.8 76 71 .. .. 3.4

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

227 .. .. .. .. 334 0.5 172

226 0.1 0.0 70 20 271 0.3 95

224 0.1 0.0 71 18 356 0.5 146

2.8 1.0 –1.0 13 41 46 54 46 16 22.5 –13.1

3.2 7.6 47.0 5 72 23 80 44 23 28.6 1.9

11.9 8.8 19.8 4 80 16 82 50 25 .. ..

.. .. .. 0.0 0.0 9.7 5

37 .. 1.4 2.2 0.0 9.7 ..

160 .. 1.1 94.0 5.0 7.1 ..

57 63 4.9 34.6 1.1 4.4 23 217

92 100 4.8 1.7 35.3 10.4 166 32

93 182 3.8 1.7 49.9 14.8 2,816 1,314

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

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Costa Rica Latin America & Caribbean Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Upper middle income 4.7 51 31.7 52.5

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

1.5 24.2 6,810 11,270

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

3.8 76 3.2 .. 75 98 17 2.5 90 74 43 100 0.1

4.0 78 2.4 81 80 98 13 .. 82 87 61 101 0.1

3.9 79 1.8 63 80 99 10 1.1 83 96 100 102 0.3

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

26 .. .. 93 93 660 1.0 1,089

24 0.8 2.4 95 95 769 1.4 1,524

26 –0.9 2.4 97 95 1,067 1.8 1,813

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

7.4 3.9 17.1 12 30 58 30 36 18 .. ..

15.9 1.8 7.0 9 32 58 49 46 17 .. ..

35.8 4.2 7.8 7 26 67 38 41 20 24.7 –3.4

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. 5.5 .. 0.0 0.0 15.3 ..

77 18.3 .. 5.4 5.8 22.0 52

60 4.0 .. 65.1 36.5 26.0 40

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

46 75 3.7 24.1 25 12 163 227

77 100 4.6 8.1 128 136 409 10

64 78 8.8 7.7 76 552 1,466 96

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Côte d’Ivoire Sub-Saharan Africa Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Lower middle income 19.7 322 23.0 35.8

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

2.0 42.7 1,160 1,810

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

7.1 53 6.3 .. .. .. 151 .. 56 40 .. .. 2.4

5.0 50 5.2 135 15 63 148 18.2 68 43 24 69 6.9

5.6 55 4.4 115 13 57 123 29.4 70 59 .. .. 3.4

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

102 .. 1.4 76 20 345 0.5 153

103 –0.1 1.8 77 22 406 0.4 173

104 –0.2 1.7 80 24 535 0.4 203

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

10.8 –1.1 –4.5 32 23 44 32 27 7 .. ..

10.4 –3.7 –0.4 24 25 51 40 33 11 16.9 –2.5

22.8 3.0 0.7 23 27 50 41 36 14 18.9 0.9

.. 5.1 1.3 0.0 0.0 8.7 ..

62 11.4 1.6 2.9 0.2 9.7 3

32 31.2 1.6 76.1 2.6 7.9 8

48 143 17.3 35.4 325 44 48 686

61 100 12.1 22.6 90 119 235 351

80 162 11.4 9.5 –360 179 418 848

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

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Croatia High income Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

4.4 57 61.4 83.4

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

–0.3 11.1 13,890 18,890

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

10.3 72 1.6 .. .. 100 13 .. 90 .. 83 103 0.1

8.3 73 1.4 16 69 100 8 .. 93 93 85 101 0.1

8.1 76 1.5 13 .. 100 6 1.0 95 95 95 102 0.1

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

19 .. .. 99 99 1,884 3.7 2,991

19 –0.2 .. 99 99 1,760 4.4 2,840

19 –0.2 0.6 99 99 1,965 5.3 3,712

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

24.8 –21.1 99.3 11 36 53 78 86 12 33.0 –4.6

21.5 3.8 4.6 6 29 65 42 45 19 35.7 –5.3

60.9 –1.2 1.0 6 27 67 38 39 23 32.9 –4.3

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. 7.6 0.0 0.0 .. 6

29 12.7 3.1 23.3 6.8 85.4 9

7 40.9 1.7 144.0 60.1 90.5 9

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

88 .. .. .. 7 230 13 0

57 100 .. .. –160 641 1,110 66

52 101 .. .. 10 1,315 408 149

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Cuba Latin America & Caribbean Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ millions)

Upper middle income 11.3 110 62.2 ..

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

0.0 .. 5,520 ..

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

.. 74 1.8 .. .. 100 13 .. 94 96 95 105 0.1

.. 76 1.6 57 73 100 9 3.4 94 96 83 100 0.1

.. 79 1.5 44 78 100 6 .. 99 98 89 98 0.1

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

21 .. .. 82 80 1,824 3.2 1,215

24 –1.7 19.8 90 86 1,215 2.3 1,140

29 –1.7 19.8 94 91 1,022 2.8 1,348

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

28.6 –2.9 5.3 14 19 67 30 41 25 .. ..

30.6 5.9 1.7 8 28 64 14 17 13 .. ..

62.7 4.3 2.6 5 20 75 20 18 11 .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. 6.4 0.0 0.0 50.5 ..

.. .. 3.5 0.1 0.5 49.0 21

.. .. 3.2 8.9 15.9 .. ..

34 .. .. .. –67 .. 1.2 52

21 100 .. .. –156 .. –10.3 44

31 173 .. .. –190 .. 85.5 129

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

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Curaçao High income Population (thousands) Surface area (sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ millions) GNI, PPP ($ millions)

143 444 .. ..

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

0.5 .. .. ..

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

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67


Cyprus High income Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

1.1 9.3 23.7 24.4

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

1.2 .. 29,430 30,300

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

.. 77 2.4 .. .. .. 11 .. 77 83 71 100 ..

.. 78 1.7 10 .. 99 7 .. 86 98 93 101 ..

.. 79 1.5 6 .. .. 4 .. 87 103 98 100 ..

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

1.6 .. 28.6 100 100 1,775 6.1 2,430

1.7 –0.6 24.5 100 100 2,265 7.3 3,373

1.7 –0.1 19.3 100 100 2,298 7.9 4,620

5.6 7.4 5.4 7 26 67 52 57 27 .. ..

9.3 5.0 3.8 4 19 77 55 55 18 .. ..

23.1 1.0 2.0 2 20 78 40 47 18 39.7 –5.9

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. 22.4 7.4 0.4 0.0 59.6 4

.. 46.7 3.0 23.1 15.3 60.6 2

8 29.5 2.2 93.8 53.0 64.9 37

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

63 .. .. .. 17.2 79 127 38.4

51 100 .. .. 53.3 64 855 ..

43 103 .. .. 44.2 146 1,886 ..

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

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Czech Republic High income Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

10.5 79 188.3 241.0

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

0.3 .. 17,890 22,910

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

10.4 71 1.9 .. 78 100 14 0.9 98 92 93 94 0.1

.. 75 1.1 13 .. 100 7 2.1 98 99 87 101 0.1

.. 77 1.5 10 .. 100 4 .. 98 101 90 101 0.1

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

26 .. .. 100 100 4,796 13.5 5,600

26 0.0 13.6 100 98 3,989 12.1 5,694

27 –0.1 13.3 100 98 4,024 11.2 6,114

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

34.9 –11.6 36.2 6 49 45 45 43 25 38.4 0.2

56.7 3.6 1.5 4 38 58 63 66 29 30.5 –3.6

192.0 2.3 –1.2 2 38 60 79 75 23 29.6 –4.9

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. 2.4 0.0 0.0 100.0 4

40 19.4 2.0 42.3 9.8 100.0 8

20 22.4 1.3 136.8 68.6 .. 15

84 .. .. .. –22 138 0.7 ..

108 100 .. .. 36 297 5.0 ..

135 106 .. .. 240 1,122 6.7 ..

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions) The Little Data Book

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69


Denmark High income Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

5.5 43 329.5 228.0

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

0.4 .. 59,400 41,100

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

.. 75 1.7 .. 78 .. 9 .. 84 95 109 101 0.1

.. 77 1.8 7 .. .. 6 .. 99 100 127 102 0.1

.. 79 1.9 5 .. .. 4 .. 85 97 117 101 0.2

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

4.5 .. 18.6 100 100 3,377 9.8 5,945

4.9 –0.9 17.4 100 100 3,490 8.8 6,482

5.4 –1.1 10.8 100 100 3,548 8.4 6,246

136 1.6 2.8 4 26 70 37 33 20 .. ..

160 3.5 3.0 3 27 71 47 40 21 36.2 1.6

312 1.3 3.9 1 22 77 50 45 17 39.8 –2.1

.. 28.8 2.0 2.9 0.1 100.0 16

7 67.3 1.5 63.0 39.2 100.0 21

6 74.3 1.4 124.8 88.8 100.0 14

52 .. .. .. 32.8 464 1.1 ..

60 100 .. .. 74.6 667 36.0 ..

59 107 .. .. 90.3 633 –7.7 ..

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

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Djibouti Middle East & North Africa Population (thousands) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Lower middle income 889 23 1.1 2.1

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

1.9 .. 1,270 2,460

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

.. 51 6.2 .. .. .. 123 20.2 85 32 11 72 0.9

6.0 54 4.8 30 9 61 106 25.4 50 28 14 71 2.9

.. 58 3.8 21 23 93 91 29.6 85 36 36 85 2.5

Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

60 .. .. 78 66 231 0.7 ..

60 0.0 6.3 82 60 .. 0.6 ..

60 0.0 6.3 88 50 170 0.6 ..

Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

452 –4.3 6.8 3 22 75 54 78 14 .. ..

551 0.4 2.4 4 15 81 35 50 9 .. ..

1,049 5.0 1.7 4 17 79 57 77 37 .. ..

.. .. 6.9 0.0 0.0 .. ..

.. .. 4.7 0.0 0.2 45.0 ..

37 .. 3.7 18.6 6.5 .. 0

53 .. 155 4.0 90.0 13.1 2.3 207

43 100 258 6.1 30.0 12.3 3.3 72

50 80 751 7.5 0.0 32.7 36.5 133

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions) The Little Data Book

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71


Dominica Latin America & Caribbean Population (thousands) Surface area (sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ millions) GNI, PPP ($ millions)

68 750 458.2 812.2

Upper middle income Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

–0.2 .. 6,740 11,940

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

.. 74 2.5 .. .. .. 17 .. 88 .. 72 103 ..

.. 77 1.9 .. 50 100 15 .. 99 119 105 106 ..

.. .. .. .. .. 100 12 .. 99 84 98 103 ..

Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

500 .. .. .. .. 299 0.8 ..

470 0.6 .. 95 81 .. 1.5 ..

450 0.6 .. .. .. 628 1.9 ..

Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

166 5.3 3.0 25 19 56 55 81 41 .. ..

329 –2.3 25.6 14 18 68 44 56 23 .. ..

466 0.1 0.0 13 15 71 32 55 23 .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. .. 0.0 0.0 45.6 2

.. .. .. 1.7 8.8 50.4 7

14 .. .. 155.2 47.3 .. 0

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

104 .. 88 6.2 .. 13.9 12.9 19.6

61 100 165 7.2 .. 16.3 17.6 15.2

59 111 267 9.8 .. 26.2 24.3 32.5

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Dominican Republic Latin America & Caribbean Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Upper middle income 9.9 49 49.9 89.6

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

1.3 34.4 5,030 9,030

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

4.2 68 3.5 .. 56 92 62 8.4 70 .. .. .. 0.4

3.7 71 2.9 110 65 98 41 3.5 84 78 59 104 1.0

4.7 73 2.6 106 73 98 27 3.4 79 92 76 97 0.9

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

20 .. .. 88 73 570 1.3 388

20 0.0 16.6 87 78 908 2.3 728

20 0.0 16.6 86 83 826 2.2 1,358

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

7.1 –5.5 50.5 15 34 60 34 44 25 .. ..

24.0 5.7 6.9 7 36 57 37 46 23 .. ..

51.8 7.8 5.1 6 32 62 22 34 16 14.5 –3.6

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. 0.9 0.0 0.0 44.7 ..

77 .. 1.2 8.2 3.7 49.4 1

19 .. 0.6 89.6 39.5 .. 3

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

73 96 4.4 12.1 –117 0.3 133 102

63 100 4.5 5.6 –139 1.8 953 56

42 98 13.0 11.0 –140 3.4 1,626 177

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Ecuador Latin America & Caribbean Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

14.5 256 55.7 114.0

Upper middle income Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

1.4 32.8 3,850 7,880

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

.. 69 3.7 .. 53 .. 52 .. 60 92 55 100 0.3

3.0 73 3.0 85 66 99 33 6.2 99 99 57 100 0.5

4.3 75 2.5 81 .. .. 20 .. 98 106 80 103 0.4

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

138 .. .. 72 69 584 1.6 479

118 1.5 3.5 86 83 651 1.7 652

99 1.8 3.6 94 92 796 1.9 1,115

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

10.4 2.7 5.9 .. .. .. 33 32 21 14.4 2.9

15.9 2.8 –7.0 9 32 59 37 31 20 .. ..

58.0 3.6 7.6 7 38 55 33 39 26 .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. 0.6 2.0 0.0 0.0 13.4 0

92 4.4 1.7 3.9 1.5 18.9 6

56 9.1 3.8 102.2 29.0 14.8 8

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

44 114 12.1 33.0 0 0.1 126 159

54 100 13.3 31.4 –250 1.3 –23 146

66 122 14.8 9.4 –120 2.6 167 153

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Egypt, Arab Rep. Middle East & North Africa Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

81.1 1,001 196.2 491.3

Lower middle income Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

1.7 22.0 2,420 6,060

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

8.7 62 4.4 .. 48 37 94 10.5 86 .. 69 80 0.1

9.0 69 3.3 55 56 61 47 4.3 98 94 83 92 0.1

9.2 73 2.7 43 60 79 22 6.8 96 98 .. .. 0.1

Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

440 590 .. –3.0 .. 3,788.9 93 96 72 86 560 668 1.3 2.1 669 994

700 –1.7 119.0 99 95 903 2.7 1,549

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

43 5.7 18.4 19 29 52 20 33 29 23.0 –2.0

100 5.4 4.9 17 33 50 16 23 20 24.3 –6.7

219 5.1 10.1 14 38 48 21 26 19 24.8 –7.7

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. 4.1 4.7 0.0 0.0 72.0 ..

37 28.8 3.2 2.0 0.6 78.1 0

7 37.7 2.0 87.1 26.7 89.4 1

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ billions)

37 101 33.0 28.6 –652 4.3 0.7 6.1

20 100 29.0 9.8 –946 2.9 1.2 1.4

36 152 34.8 6.0 –347 7.7 6.4 0.6

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El Salvador Latin America & Caribbean Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Lower middle income 6.2 21 20.9 40.6

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

0.5 37.8 3,380 6,550

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

2.6 66 4.0 .. 53 87 62 7.2 98 65 38 101 0.1

2.3 70 2.9 100 67 92 34 6.1 97 83 54 97 0.7

3.7 72 2.3 79 73 96 16 6.6 92 96 65 98 0.8

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

3.8 .. 2.9 74 75 463 0.5 348

3.3 1.3 7.8 82 83 667 1.0 610

2.9 1.5 5.5 88 87 828 1.0 845

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

4.8 4.8 4.7 17 27 55 19 31 14 .. ..

13.1 2.2 3.2 10 32 58 27 42 17 16.0 –4.7

21.2 1.4 1.2 13 27 60 26 44 13 19.2 –2.7

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. 2.3 0.0 0.0 14.4 ..

115 15.5 0.9 12.5 1.2 19.8 3

17 19.9 0.6 124.3 15.9 .. 6

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

38 84 2.1 20.7 –291 0.4 2 347

60 100 4.5 9.7 –402 1.8 173 180

61 91 11.1 19.0 –292 3.4 –6 284

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Equatorial Guinea High income Population (thousands) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

700 28 10.2 16.6

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

2.8 76.8 14,550 23,760

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

.. 47 5.9 .. .. .. 190 .. 88 .. 41 82 0.1

.. 49 5.8 131 10 65 152 15.7 51 55 31 81 1.5

.. 51 5.2 118 .. .. 121 .. 51 52 .. .. 5.0

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

19 .. .. .. .. .. 0.3 ..

17 0.7 0.1 51 89 .. 0.9 ..

16 0.7 0.1 .. .. 2,732 7.3 ..

0.1 3.3 –2.5 62 11 28 32 70 17 .. ..

1.3 13.5 46.6 10 86 4 99 85 61 .. ..

14.0 0.9 19.1 3 93 4 70 58 47 .. ..

.. .. .. 0.0 0.0 .. ..

.. .. .. 1.0 0.1 .. ..

137 .. .. 57.0 6.0 .. ..

95 38 .. .. 15.0 1.3 11 60.2

123 100 .. .. 20.0 .. 154 21.3

116 206 .. .. 20.0 .. 695 85.2

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

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Eritrea Sub-Saharan Africa Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Low income 5.3 118 1.8 2.8

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

3.0 69.0 340 540

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

.. 48 6.2 .. .. .. 141 36.9 34 .. 11 82 0.3

.. 56 5.4 89 8 28 93 34.5 76 36 25 77 1.2

.. 61 4.5 59 .. .. 61 .. 99 40 32 80 0.8

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

16 .. .. 43 9 276 .. 39

16 0.3 14.8 54 11 193 0.2 47

15 0.3 9.2 61 14 142 0.1 51

Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

477 13.5 –1.4 31 12 57 11 45 8 .. ..

634 –13.1 25.0 15 23 62 15 82 24 .. ..

2,117 2.2 11.6 15 22 63 5 20 11 .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. 22.0 0.0 0.0 19.4 ..

91 .. 36.4 0.0 0.1 21.8 0

84 .. .. 3.5 5.4 .. ..

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

77 99 .. .. –3.8 .. .. 5

80 100 300 2.8 –8.9 3.3 27.9 177

33 77 1,010 .. 55.0 .. 55.6 161

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Estonia High income Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

1.3 45 19.4 26.5

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

0.0 .. 14,460 19,810

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

6.4 69 2.0 .. .. 99 21 .. 74 .. 103 103 0.1

6.6 70 1.4 26 .. 100 13 .. 93 92 94 100 0.5

.. 75 1.6 19 .. 100 5 .. 95 98 104 101 1.2

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

21 .. .. 98 95 6,316 15.0 5,890

22 –0.7 11.4 98 95 3,443 11.4 4,629

22 0.1 14.0 98 95 4,084 13.6 5,950

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

5.0 –7.1 33.7 17 50 34 60 54 30 .. ..

5.7 9.6 4.9 5 28 68 85 88 28 31.0 0.2

19.2 3.1 1.5 3 29 68 78 72 20 36.8 –1.3

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. 0.5 0.0 0.0 51.8 ..

72 32.5 1.4 40.7 28.6 20.1 30

7 11.8 1.7 123.3 74.2 28.6 9

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

.. .. .. .. 15.0 .. 82 ..

156 100 .. .. –36.6 4 387 ..

124 144 .. .. 0.0 322 1,539 ..

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79


Ethiopia Sub-Saharan Africa Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Low income 83.0 1,104 32.4 86.1

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

2.1 38.9 390 1,040

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

.. 47 7.1 .. 5 .. 184 .. 38 23 14 68 ..

9.2 52 6.1 103 8 6 141 42.0 52 23 14 65 ..

9.3 59 4.2 58 15 6 106 34.6 81 72 36 89 ..

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

151 .. .. 14 3 308 0.1 22

137 1.0 4.6 29 9 284 0.1 23

123 1.1 4.6 44 21 402 0.1 46

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

12.1 2.7 3.3 54 11 35 6 9 13 12.4 –6.6

8.2 6.1 6.9 50 12 38 12 24 20 11.9 –4.2

29.7 10.1 3.8 48 14 38 11 32 21 .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. 6.5 0.0 0.0 15.0 ..

44 .. 7.6 0.0 0.0 12.0 0

9 .. 1.1 8.3 0.7 13.7 3

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ billions)

11 125 8.6 39.0 780 5 0 1.0

21 100 5.5 13.7 –277 53 135 0.7

36 127 7.1 3.0 –300 225 288 3.5

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Faeroe Islands High income Population (thousands) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ millions)

49 1.4 .. ..

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

0.2 .. .. ..

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

.. 76 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. 79 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. 80 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

1.0 .. .. .. .. .. 13.1 ..

1.0 0.0 .. .. .. .. 14.3 ..

1.0 0.0 .. .. .. .. 14.6 ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

1,062 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

2,198 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. 0.0 0.0 .. 0

.. .. .. 37.1 32.9 .. 0

.. .. .. 122.0 75.2 .. 1

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

95 100 .. .. .. 43.0 .. ..

70 105 .. .. .. .. .. ..

Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions) The Little Data Book

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Fiji East Asia & Pacific Population (thousands) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Lower middle income 860 18 3.1 3.9

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

1.0 31.0 3,630 4,510

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

.. 66 3.4 .. .. .. 30 6.9 84 .. 76 98 0.1

4.1 68 3.1 43 44 99 23 .. 81 95 78 103 0.1

6.2 69 2.7 44 43 99 17 .. 94 105 86 104 0.1

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

10 .. .. 84 61 392 1.1 ..

10 –0.3 0.3 93 75 .. 1.1 ..

10 –0.3 0.3 98 83 627 1.5 ..

1,337 5.8 6.7 20 24 56 62 67 14 26.8 0.9

1,684 –1.7 –4.7 17 22 61 65 70 17 .. ..

3,189 0.3 8.1 12 20 68 53 64 24 .. ..

.. .. 2.3 0.0 0.0 44.5 12

45 14.5 1.9 6.8 1.5 49.2 0

45 44.0 1.7 81.2 14.8 .. 4

94 142 308 9.1 –66.9 22 92 49.6

84 100 173 2.4 –42.3 44 1 29.1

70 104 452 1.8 –28.8 183 196 76.4

Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

82

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Finland High income Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

5.4 338 255.2 198.9

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990

2000

2010

.. 75 1.8 .. 77 100 7 .. 97 102 114 109 0.1

9.6 77 1.7 12 .. 100 4 .. 96 96 125 105 0.1

.. 80 1.9 9 .. .. 3 .. 98 98 108 102 0.1

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

0.5 .. 47,570 37,070

219 225 222 .. –0.3 0.1 2.1 2.1 1.5 100 100 100 100 100 100 5,692 6,231 6,639 10.2 10.1 10.6 12,486 15,286 15,242

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

139 0.5 5.4 6 34 60 23 24 28 .. ..

122 5.3 2.6 3 35 62 44 34 21 40.9 6.7

238 3.7 0.4 3 29 68 40 39 19 38.8 4.6

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. 16.3 1.5 5.2 0.4 61.0 8

31 241.1 1.3 72.0 37.2 62.0 27

14 49.6 1.5 156.4 86.9 65.5 11

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

39 .. .. .. 15.5 63 0.8 ..

66 100 .. .. 19.6 473 9.1 ..

58 77 .. .. 72.6 826 7.1 ..

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83


France High income Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

64.9 549 2,749.8 2,254.9

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

0.5 .. 42,370 34,750

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

.. 77 1.8 .. 81 99 9 .. 71 101 96 103 0.3

.. 79 1.9 8 82 .. 5 .. 84 97 108 100 0.3

.. 81 2.0 6 71 .. 4 .. 90 .. 113 100 0.4

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

145 .. 17.9 100 100 3,848 6.9 5,974

154 –0.6 15.9 100 100 4,145 6.0 7,255

160 –0.4 15.0 100 100 4,072 5.9 7,488

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

1,244 2.6 2.8 4 27 69 21 22 22 .. ..

1,326 3.7 1.6 3 23 74 29 28 20 42.9 –1.7

2,560 1.5 0.8 2 19 79 25 28 19 40.9 –7.3

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. 25.2 3.4 0.5 0.1 .. 17

41 109.1 2.5 47.8 13.9 100.0 25

7 75.3 2.3 97.4 77.5 100.0 25

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

36 .. .. .. 278 4.0 13.2 ..

50 100 .. .. 188 8.6 42.4 ..

44 98 .. .. 500 15.6 33.7 ..

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French Polynesia High income Population (thousands) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ millions)

271 4.0 .. ..

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

1.1 .. .. ..

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

.. 69 3.3 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 67 111 ..

.. 72 2.5 58 .. 99 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. 75 2.1 49 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

0.6 .. .. 100 98 .. 3.2 ..

1.1 –6.7 .. 100 98 .. 2.7 ..

1.6 –4.0 .. 100 98 .. 3.4 ..

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

3.2 2.2 0.8 1 .. .. 1 28 .. .. ..

3.4 4.0 1.0 5 .. .. 5 24 .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. .. 0.0 0.0 .. ..

.. .. .. 16.8 6.4 .. 8

.. .. .. 79.7 49.0 .. 5

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

33 .. .. .. –1.1 .. .. 260

35 100 .. .. 3.2 408 10.9 352

.. 80 .. .. –0.4 869 94.6 ..

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Gabon Sub-Saharan Africa Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Upper middle income 1.5 268 11.7 19.8

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

1.9 32.7 7,740 13,180

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

.. 61 5.2 .. .. .. 93 .. 76 70 40 96 0.9

.. 60 4.1 116 33 86 88 8.8 55 72 48 96 5.2

6.2 62 3.3 85 .. .. 74 .. 55 .. .. .. 5.2

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

220 .. .. .. .. 1,272 5.2 940

220 0.0 0.1 85 36 1,184 0.9 875

220 0.0 0.1 87 33 1,214 1.7 922

6.0 5.2 15.4 7 43 50 46 31 22 .. ..

5.1 –1.9 28.1 6 56 38 69 33 22 .. ..

13.0 5.7 18.0 4 54 42 52 31 26 .. ..

.. .. .. 0.0 0.0 8.2 45

.. .. 1.8 9.7 1.2 9.9 5

58 .. 1.0 107.0 7.2 12.0 3

52 157 4.0 6.4 20.0 0.9 73 131

70 100 3.9 9.9 14.4 6.1 –43 12

95 196 2.3 .. 5.0 .. 170 104

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

86

2012

The Little Data Book


Gambia, The Sub-Saharan Africa Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ millions) GNI, PPP ($ millions)

Low income 1.7 11 770.0 2,245.6

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

2.7 48.4 450 1,300

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

.. 53 6.1 .. 12 44 165 .. 86 46 19 58 0.1

4.8 55 5.6 114 10 55 128 15.4 89 67 .. .. 0.5

.. 58 4.9 71 .. 57 98 15.8 97 71 54 99 2.0

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

4.4 .. .. 74 .. 64 0.2 ..

4.6 –0.4 2.4 83 63 .. 0.2 ..

4.8 –0.4 0.9 89 68 84 0.3 ..

317 3.6 12.0 29 13 58 60 72 22 19.4 2.1

421 5.5 3.7 36 13 51 48 57 17 .. ..

807 5.0 8.4 27 16 57 29 49 26 .. ..

.. .. 1.1 0.0 0.0 .. ..

.. .. 0.8 0.4 0.9 19.3 3

27 .. 0.7 85.5 9.2 .. 1

69 100 369 22.2 48.4 .. 14.1 97

48 100 483 12.3 –26.4 56 19.1 50

36 93 470 7.2 –13.7 116 37.4 121

Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

The Little Data Book

2012

87


Georgia Europe & Central Asia Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Lower middle income 4.5 70 12.0 22.2

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

0.9 24.7 2,690 4,990

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

.. 70 2.2 .. .. 97 47 .. 16 .. 95 98 0.1

5.3 72 1.6 53 41 96 33 2.7 73 98 79 98 0.1

5.3 73 1.6 42 53 100 22 1.1 94 116 86 97 0.1

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

28 .. .. 81 96 2,587 3.1 3,039

28 0.0 .. 89 95 650 1.0 1,453

27 0.1 2.6 98 95 723 1.2 1,585

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

7.7 –14.8 22.4 32 33 35 40 46 31 .. ..

3.1 1.8 4.7 22 22 56 23 40 27 10.4 –1.6

11.7 6.4 8.7 8 23 68 35 52 20 23.8 –4.4

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. .. 0.0 0.0 93.8 ..

25 0.8 0.6 4.4 0.5 39.4 11

2 9.1 3.9 89.4 26.3 94.1 2

.. .. 0.1 .. –65 .. .. 0

34 100 1.6 13.9 –390 274 131 169

57 132 9.2 18.1 –150 806 817 626

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

88

2012

The Little Data Book


Germany High income Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

81.8 357 3,522.0 3,115.4

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

–0.2 .. 43,070 38,100

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

.. 75 1.5 .. 70 .. 9 .. 75 100 98 99 0.1

8.5 78 1.4 11 .. .. 5 .. 92 102 98 99 0.1

.. 80 1.4 7 .. 100 4 1.1 96 100 103 96 0.1

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

107 .. .. 100 100 4,424 12.0 6,640

111 –0.3 36.6 100 100 4,103 10.1 6,635

111 0.0 21.0 100 100 4,054 9.6 6,779

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

1,714 5.3 3.4 1 37 61 25 25 23 .. ..

1,886 3.1 –0.7 1 30 68 33 33 22 30.6 1.4

3,281 3.7 0.6 1 28 71 47 41 17 29.7 –2.2

.. 20.7 2.5 0.3 0.1 99.0 12

45 67.3 1.5 58.6 30.3 100.0 19

15 43.6 1.4 127.9 82.5 .. 15

45 .. .. .. 1,621 4.9 3 ..

56 100 .. .. 839 3.6 210 ..

71 103 .. .. 550 11.3 46 ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

The Little Data Book

2012

89


Ghana Sub-Saharan Africa Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Lower middle income 24.4 239 30.1 40.5

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

2.4 28.5 1,230 1,660

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

7.0 57 5.6 .. 17 44 122 24.1 61 64 35 78 0.3

5.6 58 4.7 84 22 47 99 20.3 98 71 41 90 2.3

5.2 64 4.2 66 24 57 74 14.3 93 94 58 96 1.8

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

74 .. .. 53 7 358 0.3 323

61 2.0 3.2 71 10 404 0.3 330

49 2.1 1.8 86 14 388 0.4 265

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

5.9 3.3 31.2 45 17 38 17 26 14 12.5 ..

5.0 3.7 27.2 39 28 32 49 67 24 18.1 –6.5

31.3 6.6 14.0 30 19 51 25 38 22 15.4 –5.6

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. 1.2 0.5 0.0 0.0 19.6 2

22 10.1 1.0 0.7 0.2 29.6 2

12 11.3 0.4 71.5 9.5 12.6 2

36 100 3.7 38.4 –30.0 6 15 560

93 100 6.1 15.8 –51.3 32 166 598

59 175 8.4 3.4 –51.3 136 2,527 1,694

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

90

2012

The Little Data Book


Gibraltar High income Population (thousands) Surface area (sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ millions) GNI, PPP ($ millions)

29 10 .. ..

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

0.0 .. .. ..

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

0.0 .. .. .. .. 2,180 3.6 2,758

0.0 0.0 .. .. .. 4,675 12.2 4,571

0.0 0.0 .. .. .. 5,597 14.4 5,947

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. .. 0.0 0.0 .. ..

.. .. .. 20.3 19.1 .. ..

.. .. .. 102.6 65.0 .. ..

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

.. .. .. .. .. .. 36 0.6

.. 100 .. .. .. .. 138 0.0

.. 59 .. .. .. .. 165 ..

Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

The Little Data Book

2012

91


Greece High income Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

11.3 132 305.0 312.7

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

0.3 .. 26,950 27,630

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

.. 77 1.4 .. .. .. 13 .. 76 99 93 98 0.1

6.7 78 1.3 11 76 .. 8 .. 89 .. 89 103 0.1

.. 80 1.4 10 .. .. 4 .. 99 101 101 97 0.1

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

33 .. 9.5 96 97 2,111 7.2 3,234

36 –0.9 12.2 99 98 2,481 8.4 4,539

39 –0.8 12.7 100 98 2,387 8.7 5,540

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

93 0.0 20.7 .. 26 .. 18 31 25 .. ..

124 4.5 3.4 .. 21 .. 26 40 25 41.9 –3.8

301 –3.5 1.7 .. 18 .. 22 30 16 37.1 –15.6

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. 16.3 3.4 0.0 0.0 91.7 2

38 89.1 3.6 54.3 9.2 91.8 14

10 24.1 3.1 108.6 44.6 .. 10

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

30 .. .. .. 155 1.8 1.0 ..

36 100 .. .. 300 2.2 1.1 ..

28 93 .. .. 154 1.5 0.4 ..

92

2012

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Greenland High income Population (thousands) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ millions)

57 410 1.5 ..

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

0.4 .. 26,020 ..

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

.. 65 2.4 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. 66 2.3 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. 68 2.4 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

2.0 .. .. 100 100 .. 10.0 ..

2.0 0.0 .. 100 100 .. 9.5 ..

2.0 0.0 .. 100 100 .. 10.2 ..

1,019 –11.7 5.1 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

1,068 7.1 2.1 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

1,268 –5.4 –19.0 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. .. 0.0 0.0 .. 10

.. .. .. 26.9 31.7 .. 37

.. .. .. 101.4 63.8 .. 12

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

88 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

60 100 .. .. .. .. .. ..

84 70 .. .. .. .. .. ..

Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

The Little Data Book

2012

93


Grenada Latin America & Caribbean Population (thousands) Surface area (sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ millions) GNI, PPP ($ millions)

104 340 723.9 1,032.9

Upper middle income Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

0.4 .. 6,960 9,930

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

.. 69 3.8 .. 54 .. 21 .. 85 .. 94 102 ..

.. 73 2.6 55 54 100 15 .. 92 71 108 103 ..

.. 76 2.2 38 54 99 11 .. 95 121 108 99 ..

Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

170 .. .. .. 97 442 1.3 ..

170 0.0 .. 94 97 .. 2.0 ..

170 0.0 .. .. 97 784 2.4 ..

Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

221 5.2 –1.4 13 18 69 42 63 38 .. ..

520 12.6 21.6 6 21 73 44 60 35 .. ..

773 –0.8 2.4 5 14 80 21 50 24 .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. .. 0.2 0.0 55.4 4

.. .. .. 4.2 4.1 61.0 30

15 .. .. 117.3 33.6 .. 11

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

60 .. 111 3.4 –14.7 18.0 12.9 13.8

55 100 201 6.0 –5.5 46.4 37.4 16.5

40 99 576 14.3 –5.0 54.5 60.2 33.8

94

2012

The Little Data Book


Guam High income Population (thousands) Surface area (sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ millions) GNI, PPP ($ millions)

179 540 .. ..

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

1.2 .. .. ..

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

.. 72 3.1 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. 74 2.9 64 67 99 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. 76 2.5 51 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

260 .. .. 100 99 .. .. ..

260 0.0 .. 100 99 .. .. ..

260 0.0 .. 100 99 .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. .. 0.0 0.0 .. ..

.. .. .. 17.5 16.1 .. ..

.. .. .. .. 50.6 .. ..

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

.. .. .. .. 0.5 .. .. ..

.. 100 .. .. –4.8 .. .. ..

.. 92 .. .. 0.0 .. .. ..

Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

The Little Data Book

2012

95


Guatemala Latin America & Caribbean Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Lower middle income 14.4 109 39.4 66.8

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

2.5 51.0 2,740 4,650

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

2.2 62 5.6 .. .. .. 78 .. 68 .. 23 87 0.1

3.5 68 4.8 118 38 41 49 19.6 86 58 38 89 0.5

3.1 71 4.0 104 54 51 32 13.0 93 84 59 95 0.8

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

47 .. .. 81 62 497 0.6 223

42 1.2 2.7 87 71 631 0.9 343

37 1.4 2.6 92 78 701 0.9 548

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

7.7 3.1 40.5 .. .. .. 21 25 14 7.9 –1.9

19.3 3.6 6.8 15 29 56 20 29 18 10.2 –1.8

41.2 2.8 5.0 13 19 68 25 36 15 10.9 –3.1

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. 1.5 0.0 0.0 24.9 6

39 0.9 0.8 7.6 0.7 34.5 8

37 .. 0.4 125.6 10.5 .. 6

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

37 115 2.8 14.9 –300 119 48 201

39 100 3.9 9.6 –390 596 230 263

54 93 14.3 14.3 –200 4,229 881 398

96

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Guinea Sub-Saharan Africa Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Low income 10.0 246 4.0 10.2

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

2.2 53.0 400 1,020

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

3.1 44 6.7 .. 2 31 229 .. 35 19 10 44 1.1

6.4 48 6.0 169 6 35 175 29.1 42 32 19 64 1.7

6.4 54 5.2 143 9 46 130 20.8 51 64 38 77 1.3

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

73 .. .. 51 10 .. 0.2 ..

69 0.5 0.7 63 14 .. 0.2 ..

65 0.5 0.7 74 18 .. 0.1 ..

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

2.7 4.3 17.3 24 33 43 31 33 25 .. ..

3.1 1.9 11.1 20 33 47 24 28 20 12.0 –2.4

4.5 1.9 19.7 13 47 40 35 39 20 .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. 2.4 0.0 0.0 15.2 ..

40 .. 1.5 0.5 0.1 16.5 0

40 .. .. 40.1 1.0 .. 0

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

52 122 2.5 20.0 162 18.0 18 292

41 100 3.1 20.7 –227 1.2 10 153

52 110 2.9 5.6 –300 60.4 101 214

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97


Guinea-Bissau Sub-Saharan Africa Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ millions) GNI, PPP ($ millions)

Low income 1.5 36 890.5 1,794.9

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

2.1 64.7 590 1,180

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

2.1 43 6.6 .. .. .. 210 .. 53 5 5 55 0.3

7.3 45 5.8 137 8 35 177 21.9 71 30 19 65 1.8

.. 48 5.1 102 14 44 150 17.2 61 68 .. .. 2.5

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

22 .. 0.1 36 .. 73 0.2 ..

21 0.4 1.1 50 14 .. 0.2 ..

20 0.5 0.6 64 20 67 0.2 ..

244 6.1 30.2 61 19 21 10 37 30 .. ..

215 7.5 3.3 56 13 31 32 52 11 .. ..

879 3.5 1.7 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. 2.1 0.0 0.0 8.3 ..

.. .. 4.4 0.0 0.2 27.9 ..

9 .. .. 39.2 2.5 .. ..

43 146 695 32.3 –20.0 1.0 2.0 126

56 100 947 7.0 –20.0 8.0 0.7 81

39 84 1,095 5.6 –10.0 48.1 8.8 141

Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

98

2012

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Guyana Latin America & Caribbean Population (thousands) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Lower middle income 755 215 2.2 2.6

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

0.2 .. 2,870 3,450

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

4.3 61 2.6 .. 38 .. 66 16.1 73 88 .. .. 2.8

4.5 64 2.5 79 37 86 47 11.9 86 103 98 98 1.5

.. 70 2.3 60 43 92 30 10.8 95 83 91 107 1.2

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

152 .. 0.6 .. .. 527 1.6 ..

152 0.0 0.7 89 79 .. 2.2 ..

152 0.0 0.7 94 84 667 2.0 ..

Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

397 –3.0 56.4 38 25 37 63 80 31 .. ..

713 –1.4 6.6 31 29 40 96 111 24 .. ..

2,226 3.6 5.9 21 33 46 .. .. 27 .. ..

.. .. 0.9 0.0 0.0 6.6 ..

46 12.7 .. 5.4 6.6 7.4 2

26 15.3 .. 73.6 29.9 .. 0

143 .. 2.0 20.7 –88.0 1 8 168

150 100 1.4 10.1 –42.5 27 67 116

102 131 1.4 2.6 –40.0 308 270 153

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

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2012

99


Haiti Latin America & Caribbean Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Low income 10.0 28 6.6 11.6

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

1.3 77.0 670 1,180

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

.. 55 5.4 .. 10 23 151 23.7 31 29 .. .. 1.3

2.4 58 4.3 56 28 24 109 13.9 55 .. .. .. 2.8

.. 62 3.3 43 32 26 165 18.9 59 .. .. .. 1.9

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

1.2 .. 7.5 59 26 219 0.1 58

1.1 0.6 9.2 62 22 233 0.2 35

1.0 0.8 8.6 69 17 263 0.3 36

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

3.5 –5.3 20.9 .. .. .. 10 29 24 .. ..

3.7 0.9 11.1 .. .. .. 13 33 27 .. ..

6.7 –5.1 5.4 .. .. .. 12 57 25 .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. 0.1 0.0 0.0 21.9 14

202 .. .. 0.6 0.2 24.3 ..

105 .. .. 40.0 8.4 .. ..

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

16 132 917 11.1 –131 123 8 167

37 100 1,173 8.8 –136 578 13 208

56 78 492 15.7 –240 1,499 150 3,076

100

2012

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Honduras Latin America & Caribbean Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Lower middle income 7.6 112 14.2 28.6

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

2.0 60.0 1,870 3,770

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

2.8 66 5.1 .. 47 47 58 15.8 90 64 33 104 1.1

2.7 70 4.0 107 62 56 37 12.5 98 .. .. .. 1.3

2.0 73 3.1 89 65 67 24 8.6 99 99 73 107 0.8

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

81 .. .. 76 50 487 0.5 373

64 2.4 1.2 82 64 481 0.8 516

52 2.1 1.2 87 77 592 1.2 678

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

3.0 0.1 21.2 22 26 51 37 40 23 .. ..

7.1 5.7 30.8 16 32 52 54 66 28 20.0 –3.0

15.4 2.8 5.7 13 27 61 44 65 23 21.1 –3.1

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. 1.3 .. 0.0 0.0 21.1 1

62 8.8 0.7 2.5 1.2 20.4 0

14 .. 1.6 125.1 11.1 .. 1

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

61 78 3.7 36.9 –70 63 44 448

103 100 5.4 9.8 –180 484 382 448

93 83 4.2 7.6 –100 2,649 797 576

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101


Hong Kong SAR, China High income Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

7.1 1.1 231.7 335.6

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

0.9 .. 32,780 47,480

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

.. 77 1.3 .. 86 .. .. .. .. 102 75 102 ..

.. 81 1.0 4 86 .. .. .. .. 97 77 98 ..

.. 83 1.1 4 80 100 .. .. .. 96 83 102 ..

Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

.. .. .. .. .. 1,518 4.8 4,178

.. .. .. .. .. 2,009 6.1 5,447

.. .. .. .. .. 2,133 5.5 5,925

77 3.9 7.5 .. .. .. 131 122 27 .. ..

169 8.0 –3.6 0 12 88 143 139 27 14.9 –6.8

224 7.0 0.5 0 7 93 223 217 24 20.7 1.1

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

102

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.. 108.5 .. 2.3 0.0 100.0 17 217 100 .. .. 160 .. .. 38.2

11 3 368.6 1,207.9 .. .. 81.7 195.2 28.3 71.8 100.0 100.0 23 16 246 100 .. .. 551 136 61.9 ..

376 96 .. .. 176 347 71.1 ..


Hungary High income Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

10.0 93 128.6 195.5

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

–0.2 .. 12,860 19,550

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

10.4 69 1.8 .. 81 99 19 2.3 99 89 87 100 0.1

9.6 71 1.3 22 .. 100 11 .. 99 97 95 100 0.1

8.4 74 1.3 15 .. 100 6 .. 99 98 98 99 0.1

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

18 .. .. 96 100 2,762 6.1 3,427

19 –0.6 5.6 99 100 2,448 5.6 3,309

20 –0.6 5.4 100 100 2,544 5.4 3,773

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

33.1 –3.5 25.7 15 39 46 31 29 25 .. ..

46.4 4.2 9.7 6 32 62 75 78 27 38.6 –2.8

128.6 1.3 3.1 4 31 65 87 80 18 41.3 –4.1

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. 1.5 2.8 0.0 0.0 44.1 4

52 25.9 1.7 30.1 7.0 43.7 27

4 21.5 1.0 120.1 65.2 38.0 24

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

62 .. .. .. –77.1 .. 0.6 ..

130 100 .. .. 81.7 281 2.8 ..

143 95 .. .. 75.0 2,265 –42.3 ..

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2012

103


Iceland High income Population (thousands) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

318 103 10.4 9.0

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49) Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

–0.1 .. 32,640 28,270

1990

2000

2010

.. 78 2.3 .. .. .. 6 .. 99 .. 98 98 0.1

.. 80 2.1 20 .. .. 4 .. 91 98 107 102 0.2

.. 81 2.2 13 .. .. 2 .. 93 99 107 102 0.3

90 180 300 .. –7.8 –5.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 100 100 100 100 100 100 8,196 11,023 16,844 8.1 7.7 7.0 16,148 26,202 51,259

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

6.4 1.2 15.2 12 31 57 34 32 19 .. ..

8.7 4.3 3.6 9 26 65 34 41 23 33.3 2.7

12.6 –4.0 6.9 7 25 68 56 46 13 30.2 –9.2

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. .. 3.9 0.0 19.9 10

5 51.0 .. 76.4 44.5 29.5 13

5 15.9 0.1 107.3 95.6 38.4 21

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

51 .. .. .. 0.3 62.3 22 ..

52 100 .. .. 2.0 87.6 155 ..

68 92 .. .. 10.4 24.9 258 ..

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India South Asia Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Lower middle income 1,224.6 3,287 1,553.9 4,159.7

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

1.4 37.2 1,270 3,400

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

8.8 58 3.9 .. 41 34 115 59.5 56 64 37 68 0.1

.. 62 3.1 106 47 43 86 44.4 55 71 45 79 0.4

8.6 65 2.6 79 54 53 63 43.5 74 96 60 92 0.3

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

639 .. 39.2 69 18 362 0.8 268

654 –0.2 47.8 81 25 434 1.1 387

684 –0.5 39.8 92 34 560 1.5 571

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

317 5.5 10.7 29 27 44 7 9 24 12.6 –3.4

460 4.0 3.5 23 26 50 13 14 24 11.9 –3.9

1,727 8.8 10.5 19 26 55 22 25 35 11.4 –3.7

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. 12.2 3.2 0.0 0.0 47.3 4

89 32.2 3.1 0.3 0.5 47.5 6

29 93.6 2.4 61.4 7.5 49.5 7

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ billions)

13 86 86 34.9 –14 2.4 0.2 1.4

20 32 100 127 100 290 17.5 5.6 –513 –3,000 12.9 54.0 3.6 24.2 1.4 2.8

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2012

105


Indonesia East Asia & Pacific Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Lower middle income 239.9 1,905 599.2 1,008.2

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

1.0 13.3 2,500 4,200

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

9.4 62 3.1 .. 50 41 85 31.0 58 96 48 93 0.1

9.6 66 2.5 49 55 67 54 24.8 74 93 53 96 0.1

8.3 69 2.1 43 56 82 35 17.5 89 105 77 101 0.2

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

1,185 .. 3.7 70 32 550 0.8 160

994 1.8 5.6 78 44 730 1.2 387

944 0.5 5.6 82 54 851 1.7 590

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

114 9.0 7.7 19 39 41 25 24 31 16.6 0.7

165 4.9 20.4 16 46 38 41 30 22 18.3 –3.7

707 6.1 8.0 15 47 38 25 23 32 15.1 –0.6

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. 7.1 1.2 0.0 0.0 45.1 2

168 16.3 0.6 1.7 0.9 57.1 16

45 51.0 1.0 91.7 9.9 56.9 11

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ billions)

42 95 70 33.5 –264 0.2 1.1 1.7

66 100 143 22.7 –776 1.2 –4.6 1.7

41 127 179 16.6 –1,293 6.9 13.4 1.4

106

2012

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Iran, Islamic Rep. Middle East & North Africa Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

74.0 1,745 330.4 840.0

Upper middle income Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

1.1 .. 4,520 11,490

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

5.2 62 4.8 .. 49 .. 65 .. 85 84 52 83 0.1

5.2 70 2.2 39 74 90 44 9.5 99 93 80 94 0.1

6.4 73 1.7 27 79 97 26 .. 99 104 84 96 0.2

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

111 .. .. 90 79 1,237 4.1 967

111 0.0 69.8 93 90 1,978 5.2 1,553

111 0.0 67.7 96 100 2,951 7.4 2,238

116 13.7 20.6 19 29 52 15 23 37 18.7 –1.9

101 5.1 26.4 14 37 50 23 17 33 23.4 1.8

331 1.8 0.6 10 44 45 32 22 33 31.9 0.6

.. 2.2 2.0 0.0 0.0 .. ..

29 7.3 3.7 1.5 0.9 64.8 1

8 19.1 1.9 91.2 13.0 73.3 4

34 .. 9.0 3.2 1,344 1,200 –362 106

42 100 7.7 9.7 687 536 39 130

39 158 12.6 .. –186 1,181 3,617 122

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

The Little Data Book

2012

107


Iraq Middle East & North Africa Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

32.0 435 74.9 108.1

Lower middle income Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

3.0 22.9 2,340 3,370

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

.. 68 6.0 .. 14 54 46 10.4 75 58 45 77 ..

.. 71 5.3 66 44 72 43 12.9 87 56 38 77 ..

8.7 68 4.7 91 50 80 39 7.1 73 65 53 81 ..

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

8.0 .. 121.6 81 .. 994 2.9 1,253

8.2 –0.2 187.5 80 69 1,044 3.0 1,199

8.3 –0.1 87.3 79 73 1,035 3.4 1,069

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

48.4 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

25.9 –4.3 47.4 5 84 10 .. .. .. .. ..

82.2 0.8 25.0 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. .. 0.0 0.0 77.9 ..

.. .. .. 0.0 0.1 84.3 ..

77 .. 6.0 74.9 2.5 .. 0

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

55 .. .. .. –630 .. 0 63

131 100 .. .. –18 .. –3 102

116 184 .. .. –150 71.0 1,426 2,192

108

2012

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Ireland High income Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

4.5 70 187.1 150.1

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

0.3 .. 41,820 33,540

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

.. 75 2.1 .. .. .. 9 .. 78 103 99 105 0.1

7.4 77 1.9 19 75 100 7 .. 79 95 105 103 0.2

.. 80 2.1 12 65 .. 4 .. 90 .. 117 103 0.2

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

4.7 .. .. 100 99 2,842 8.7 3,768

6.4 –3.2 .. 100 99 3,600 10.8 5,796

7.4 –1.5 .. 100 99 3,338 9.9 6,034

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

48 8.5 –0.7 9 35 57 57 52 21 .. ..

98 9.2 7.1 3 42 55 97 84 24 33.0 4.9

207 –0.4 –2.4 1 32 67 101 82 11 31.0 –14.1

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. 1.3 0.7 0.0 94.0 41

18 84.0 0.7 64.7 17.8 100.0 48

13 16.3 0.6 105.1 69.8 100.0 21

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

93 .. .. .. –115 286 0.6 ..

132 100 .. .. 83 252 25.5 ..

86 95 .. .. 100 601 27.1 ..

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2012

109


Isle of Man High income Population (thousands) Surface area (sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ millions)

83 570 4.0 ..

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

0.6 .. 48,910 ..

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. 78 1.7 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

30 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

30 0.0 .. .. .. .. .. ..

30 0.0 .. .. .. .. .. ..

Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

.. 4.2 9.0 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

1,564 5.3 3.3 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

4,076 7.5 3.9 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

110

2012

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Israel High income Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

7.6 22 207.2 210.8

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

1.8 .. 27,180 27,660

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

.. 77 2.8 .. 68 .. 12 .. 91 .. 90 105 0.1

5.7 79 3.0 17 .. .. 7 .. 97 104 93 100 0.1

.. 82 3.0 14 .. .. 5 .. 98 103 91 101 0.2

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

1.3 .. 237.1 100 100 2,463 7.2 4,176

1.5 –1.5 101.4 100 100 2,902 10.0 6,323

1.5 –0.1 101.9 100 100 2,874 5.2 6,608

52 6.8 15.9 .. .. .. 35 45 25 .. ..

125 9.2 1.6 .. .. .. 37 37 21 40.7 –3.5

217 4.7 1.1 .. .. .. 37 35 16 35.3 –4.0

.. 6.3 12.6 0.3 0.1 100.0 11

34 51.4 7.8 70.0 20.0 100.0 29

34 100.3 6.5 129.5 65.4 100.0 15

55 .. .. .. 65 812 0.2 1.4

55 100 .. .. 245 400 8.0 ..

55 98 .. .. 274 1,411 5.2 ..

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ billions) The Little Data Book

2012

111


Italy High income Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

60.5 301 2,159.3 1,923.7

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

0.5 .. 35,700 31,810

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

.. 77 1.3 .. .. .. 10 .. 43 99 79 100 0.3

6.5 79 1.3 7 .. 99 6 .. 74 102 93 98 0.3

.. 82 1.4 5 .. .. 4 .. 90 103 99 99 0.3

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

76 .. .. 100 .. 2,584 7.5 4,145

84 –1.0 24.8 100 .. 3,012 7.8 5,300

91 –0.9 23.7 100 .. 2,814 7.4 5,271

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

1,133 2.1 8.4 3 32 64 19 19 22 .. ..

1,104 3.7 1.9 3 28 69 27 26 21 36.9 –0.7

2,061 1.5 0.4 2 25 73 27 29 20 38.4 –4.9

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. 13.1 2.1 0.5 0.0 100.0 8

23 69.6 2.0 74.2 23.1 100.0 9

6 15.4 1.8 149.8 53.7 .. 7

31 .. .. .. –10 5.1 6.4 ..

43 100 .. .. 225 1.9 13.2 ..

45 99 .. .. 1,999 6.8 9.6 ..

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

112

2012

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Jamaica Latin America & Caribbean Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Upper middle income 2.7 11 13.0 19.7

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

0.2 9.9 4,800 7,310

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

5.9 71 2.9 .. 55 92 38 4.0 74 95 70 103 2.1

5.5 70 2.6 89 69 96 30 3.8 88 88 87 100 1.9

.. 73 2.3 73 72 98 24 1.9 88 73 93 99 1.7

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

3.5 .. 9.6 93 80 1,167 3.3 879

3.4 0.1 6.2 93 80 1,482 4.0 2,334

3.4 0.1 6.2 93 80 1,208 4.5 1,902

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

4.6 4.2 25.1 8 37 55 48 52 26 .. ..

9.0 0.9 10.6 7 26 67 .. .. .. 31.9 –2.4

14.3 –0.6 10.6 6 22 71 26 43 21 25.9 –15.3

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. 19.8 0.6 0.0 0.0 64.0 0

31 39.8 0.5 14.2 3.1 70.1 0

7 46.5 0.8 117.8 26.5 73.3 1

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

67 .. 4.8 28.5 –161 229 138 271

51 100 4.7 18.6 –73 892 468 9

46 71 13.9 27.9 –100 2,011 228 141

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2012

113


Japan High income Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

127.5 378 5,334.4 4,411.7

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

–0.1 .. 41,850 34,610

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

10.6 79 1.5 .. 58 100 6 .. 73 101 96 101 0.1

.. 81 1.4 5 56 100 5 .. 96 102 102 101 0.1

.. 83 1.4 6 54 .. 3 .. 94 102 102 100 0.1

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

250 .. 21.3 100 100 3,556 8.9 6,486

249 0.0 20.6 100 100 4,090 9.6 7,974

250 0.0 20.9 100 100 3,883 9.5 7,819

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

3,058 5.2 2.6 2 39 58 10 9 33 .. ..

4,667 2.9 –1.7 2 32 66 11 10 25 .. ..

5,459 4.0 –2.2 1 27 72 15 14 20 .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. 95.5 0.9 0.7 0.0 69.2 24

31 67.6 1.0 52.6 29.7 76.6 29

23 75.1 1.0 94.7 77.6 80.1 18

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

17 .. .. .. –628 0.5 1.8 ..

18 100 .. .. 18 1.4 8.2 ..

27 68 .. .. 270 1.8 –1.4 ..

114

2012

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Jordan Middle East & North Africa Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Upper middle income 6.0 89 26.3 35.1

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

2.2 13.3 4,340 5,800

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

6.0 70 5.8 .. 40 87 38 4.8 87 98 80 102 ..

6.7 72 3.9 35 56 100 29 3.6 94 94 84 102 ..

7.7 73 3.8 25 59 99 22 1.9 98 101 91 102 ..

Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

980 .. 105.0 97 97 1,028 3.3 1,050

980 0.0 .. 96 98 1,013 3.2 1,377

980 0.0 99.4 97 98 1,260 3.7 2,112

4.0 1.0 11.4 8 28 64 62 93 32 26.1 –3.5

8.5 4.2 –0.4 2 26 72 42 68 22 25.1 –2.0

27.6 3.1 6.3 3 31 66 45 66 15 21.8 –5.4

.. 49.7 8.0 0.0 0.0 100.0 2

79 58.4 6.2 8.1 2.6 100.0 8

12 111.9 5.2 109.5 38.9 100.0 3

91 94 8.3 24.4 118 0.5 38 952

77 100 7.4 17.6 –188 1.8 913 553

81 85 7.8 4.9 203 3.6 1,701 955

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions) The Little Data Book

2012

115


Kazakhstan Europe & Central Asia Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Upper middle income 16.3 2,725 123.8 175.7

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

1.4 8.2 7,580 10,770

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

7.5 68 2.7 .. .. 99 57 .. 89 .. 100 .. 0.1

5.5 66 1.8 33 66 98 44 3.8 99 93 94 102 0.1

9.1 68 2.6 27 51 100 33 4.9 99 116 100 98 0.1

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

34 .. .. 96 96 4,450 15.9 5,905

34 0.2 42.1 96 97 2,391 8.6 3,170

33 0.2 28.9 95 97 4,091 15.1 4,448

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

26.9 –11.0 96.4 27 45 29 74 75 32 .. ..

18.3 9.8 17.4 9 40 51 57 49 19 11.3 0.1

149.1 7.3 19.5 5 42 53 44 29 25 9.9 –1.1

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. 1.0 0.0 0.0 55.1 ..

26 7.3 0.8 1.3 0.7 94.0 4

19 40.8 0.9 118.9 33.4 88.5 30

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

.. .. 0 .. –595 .. 0.1 112

76 100 12 32.2 –1,320 122 1.3 189

60 193 119 71.4 7 291 10.7 222

116

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Kenya Sub-Saharan Africa Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Low income 40.5 580 31.8 68.1

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

2.6 45.9 790 1,680

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

3.4 59 6.0 .. 27 50 99 20.1 78 .. 40 92 3.9

.. 52 5.0 105 39 42 111 17.5 75 .. 39 98 9.0

4.8 56 4.7 99 46 44 85 16.4 86 .. 60 95 6.3

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

37 .. 9.9 44 25 467 0.2 125

36 0.4 13.2 52 28 447 0.3 110

35 0.3 8.9 59 32 474 0.3 147

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

8.6 4.2 10.6 30 19 51 26 31 24 19.5 –2.8

12.7 0.6 6.1 32 17 51 22 32 17 19.7 2.0

31.4 5.3 3.9 19 14 67 26 39 21 20.3 –5.9

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. 5.3 2.9 0.0 0.0 12.8 4

60 10.1 1.3 0.4 0.3 12.1 4

33 46.0 1.9 61.6 25.9 14.3 6

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ billions)

38 70 7.1 35.4 5 139 57 1.2

38 100 6.1 20.9 –21 538 111 0.5

55 92 8.4 4.4 –189 1,777 186 1.6

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117


Kiribati East Asia & Pacific Population (thousands) Surface area (sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ millions) GNI, PPP ($ millions)

Lower middle income 100 810 199.9 351.7

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

1.5 .. 2,000 3,520

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

.. 58 3.8 .. .. .. 87 .. 75 101 38 99 ..

.. 60 3.6 .. 36 89 65 .. 80 99 64 106 ..

.. .. .. .. .. 65 49 .. 89 112 86 107 ..

Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

120 .. .. 48 26 99 0.3 ..

120 0.0 .. 62 33 .. 0.4 ..

120 0.0 .. .. .. 116 0.3 ..

Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

28.4 2.1 –4.7 19 8 74 12 147 93 .. ..

68.2 7.2 0.3 22 12 66 7 47 .. .. ..

151.2 1.8 –1.4 29 10 62 .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. 0.0 0.0 .. ..

21 .. .. 0.4 1.8 .. ..

31 .. .. 10.0 9.0 .. ..

105 .. .. .. .. 5.1 0.3 20.2

64 100 .. .. .. .. 0.7 17.9

73 82 .. .. .. .. 3.7 22.8

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

118

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Korea, Dem. Rep. East Asia & Pacific Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ millions) GNI, PPP ($ millions)

Low income 24.3 121 .. ..

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

0.4 .. .. ..

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

.. 70 2.4 .. 62 .. 45 .. 98 .. .. .. ..

.. 65 2.1 1 69 97 58 24.7 78 .. .. .. ..

.. 69 2.0 1 .. 100 33 18.8 99 .. .. .. ..

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

82 .. .. 100 .. 1,649 .. 1,247

69 1.7 10.3 100 61 864 3.4 713

57 2.0 11.2 98 80 795 3.2 733

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. 0.0 0.0 5.7 ..

.. .. .. 0.0 0.0 6.4 ..

.. .. .. 1.8 0.0 2.8 ..

.. .. .. .. 0.0 .. –60.8 7.7

.. 100 .. .. 0.0 .. 3.4 73.3

.. 77 .. .. 0.0 .. 37.7 79.4

Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

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119


Korea, Rep. High income Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

48.9 100 972.3 1,422.7

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

0.3 .. 19,890 29,110

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

.. 71 1.6 .. 79 .. 8 .. 93 99 93 98 0.1

7.9 76 1.5 3 79 100 6 .. 95 104 99 100 0.1

.. 81 1.2 4 80 .. 5 .. 98 101 97 99 0.1

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

64 .. .. .. 100 2,171 5.7 2,373

63 0.1 36.5 93 100 4,001 9.2 5,907

62 0.1 36.5 98 100 5,044 10.5 8,980

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

264 9.2 10.5 9 42 49 28 29 38 16.8 1.7

533 8.5 5.0 5 38 57 39 36 31 22.3 4.4

1,014 6.2 3.7 3 39 58 52 50 29 22.7 1.7

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. 42.1 3.8 0.2 0.0 71.5 18

17 32.2 2.6 57.0 43.7 74.5 35

7 107.4 2.7 103.9 82.5 79.3 29

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

51 133 .. .. 435 2.4 789 52.0

62 100 .. .. –515 4.9 9,283 –55.1

88 68 .. .. –30 8.7 –150 ..

120

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Kosovo Europe & Central Asia Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ millions)

Lower middle income 1.8 11 6.0 ..

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

0.6 34.5 3,290 ..

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

.. 68 3.9 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. 68 3.0 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. 70 2.3 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

1,849 27.0 11.4 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

5,552 4.0 3.0 12 20 68 19 62 30 .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

58 .. .. .. .. .. ..

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. 342 1.6 .. 932 481 591

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121


Kuwait High income Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

2.7 18 117.0 142.8

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49) Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

3.4 .. 47,790 58,350

1990

2000

2010

.. 73 2.6 .. .. .. 15 .. 66 57 83 97 ..

.. 74 2.6 20 52 100 13 2.2 99 103 108 103 ..

.. 75 2.3 14 .. 100 11 1.7 98 112 101 105 ..

30 50 60 .. –3.5 –2.6 .. 2,465.0 2,465.0 99 99 99 100 100 100 4,364 9,690 11,402 21.8 30.5 30.1 8,253 14,822 17,610

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

18.4 25.9 –1.7 1 52 47 45 58 18 58.7 6.1

37.7 4.7 20.5 0 59 40 56 30 11 48.3 4.9

109.5 4.4 5.9 .. .. .. 56 28 14 55.5 18.7

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. 40.8 48.7 1.0 0.0 72.9 3

35 55.1 7.1 24.5 6.7 80.6 0

32 87.6 4.0 160.8 38.3 .. 1

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

60 .. .. .. 119 .. 5.6 12.9

71 100 .. .. 125 .. 16.3 ..

66 187 .. .. 278 .. 80.8 ..

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Kyrgyz Republic Europe & Central Asia Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Low income 5.4 200 4.5 11.3

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

1.2 33.7 830 2,070

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

2.5 68 3.7 .. .. 99 72 .. 94 .. 103 100 0.1

8.4 69 2.4 34 .. 99 52 .. 98 93 84 101 0.1

6.8 69 2.9 33 48 99 38 2.7 99 97 84 99 0.3

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

8.4 .. .. .. .. 1,705 2.4 2,331

8.6 –0.3 20.6 82 93 490 0.9 1,911

9.5 –1.1 43.7 90 93 559 1.2 1,386

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

2.7 5.7 7.9 34 35 31 29 50 24 15.5 ..

1.4 5.4 27.2 37 31 32 42 48 20 14.2 –2.9

4.6 –1.4 6.9 21 28 51 58 89 28 20.2 –5.0

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. 1.6 0.0 0.0 90.0 ..

21 0.3 2.9 0.2 1.1 91.1 15

10 1.7 3.6 96.8 19.6 .. 1

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

.. .. 0.0 0.4 –155 2 10 21

77 100 1.8 29.4 –27 9 –2 215

108 108 4.0 21.9 –132 1,275 438 373

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Lao PDR East Asia & Pacific Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Lower middle income 6.2 237 6.5 15.3

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

1.4 27.6 1,050 2,460

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

9.3 54 6.2 .. 19 .. 145 39.8 32 45 24 77 0.1

8.6 61 4.2 53 32 19 88 36.4 42 69 35 81 0.1

7.6 67 2.7 34 38 37 54 31.6 64 79 45 87 0.2

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

173 .. .. .. .. .. 0.1 ..

165 0.5 1.6 45 26 .. 0.2 ..

158 0.5 1.3 67 63 .. 0.3 ..

Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

866 6.7 37.9 61 15 24 11 25 14 .. ..

1,735 5.8 25.1 53 23 25 30 44 14 .. ..

7,296 9.4 9.4 33 30 37 36 41 26 14.2 –0.8

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. 9.0 0.0 0.0 24.0 ..

153 .. 0.8 0.2 0.1 14.1 ..

93 .. 0.3 64.6 7.0 13.7 ..

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

31 .. 1.8 8.5 0.1 10.9 6 149

50 100 2.5 7.8 –87.5 0.7 34 281

47 119 5.6 14.8 –75.0 40.9 279 416

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2012

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Latvia Europe & Central Asia Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Upper middle income 2.2 65 26.1 36.7

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

–0.7 5.9 11,640 16,380

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

9.6 69 2.0 .. .. 100 21 .. 95 .. 96 101 0.1

6.9 70 1.2 19 .. 100 17 .. 97 92 91 101 0.3

6.6 73 1.2 15 .. 100 10 .. 93 92 95 98 0.7

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

32 .. .. 99 .. 2,949 5.4 3,397

32 –0.2 2.4 99 78 1,565 2.6 2,078

34 –0.3 1.2 99 78 1,871 3.3 2,875

7.4 –7.9 24.1 22 46 32 48 49 40 .. ..

7.8 6.9 4.2 5 24 72 42 49 24 26.1 –2.2

24.0 –0.3 –2.3 4 22 74 53 54 21 25.0 –6.8

.. .. 0.8 0.0 0.0 .. ..

16 7.2 0.9 16.9 6.4 100.0 4

16 5.2 1.1 103.0 71.5 20.9 8

.. .. 0.1 .. 41.8 .. 29 ..

65 100 4.9 .. –40.0 72 413 ..

88 105 39.6 76.4 –10.0 614 369 ..

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions) The Little Data Book

2012

125


Lebanon Middle East & North Africa Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Upper middle income 4.2 10 37.5 59.5

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

0.7 .. 8,880 14,090

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

.. 69 3.1 .. .. .. 38 .. 61 .. 61 100 0.1

.. 71 2.4 25 63 98 29 4.2 71 102 77 102 0.2

.. 72 1.8 16 .. .. 22 .. 53 87 81 104 0.1

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

1.3 .. .. 100 .. 663 3.1 475

1.3 0.0 29.9 100 98 1,311 4.1 2,608

1.4 –0.4 28.1 100 .. 1,580 4.1 3,130

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

2.8 26.5 15.5 .. .. .. 18 100 18 .. ..

17.3 1.3 –2.1 7 23 70 14 36 20 16.0 –18.4

39.0 7.0 4.4 6 21 72 21 44 33 22.2 –8.2

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. 7.6 0.0 0.0 95.0 ..

46 9.2 5.4 19.9 8.0 84.9 2

9 32.3 4.2 68.0 31.0 .. 13

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

107 .. 1.8 .. –220 .. .. 286

40 100 10.2 35.6 0 2,544 1,336 200

60 96 24.3 19.1 –13 7,558 4,280 449

126

2012

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Lesotho Sub-Saharan Africa Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Lower middle income 2.2 30 2.2 4.3

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

1.0 56.6 1,040 1,960

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

2.6 59 4.9 .. 23 61 89 13.8 80 58 25 124 0.8

3.0 48 4.1 91 30 60 127 15.0 74 60 30 107 24.5

.. 47 3.2 66 47 62 85 13.5 85 70 46 106 23.6

Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

400 .. .. 80 .. .. .. ..

420 –0.5 1.0 80 25 .. .. ..

440 –0.5 1.7 78 26 9 .. ..

Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

541 6.5 11.6 25 34 41 18 123 56 44.9 –0.6

746 5.7 2.4 12 32 56 34 103 44 50.7 –2.8

2,132 3.3 3.7 8 34 58 49 114 34 66.2 5.7

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. 5.1 0.0 0.0 18.0 ..

93 .. 4.1 1.1 0.2 18.3 0

40 .. 2.7 45.5 3.9 .. 0

136 100 396 4.2 –50.9 428 17 139

138 100 672 11.3 –20.9 478 32 37

142 66 726 1.9 –20.0 746 117 257

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

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2012

127


Liberia Sub-Saharan Africa Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ millions) GNI, PPP ($ millions)

Low income 4.0 111 782.2 1,364.5

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

4.0 63.8 200 340

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

.. 42 6.5 .. .. .. 227 .. .. .. .. .. 0.3

.. 46 5.8 149 10 51 169 22.8 63 .. 35 73 3.3

6.4 56 5.2 131 11 46 103 20.4 64 62 .. .. 1.5

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

49 .. .. .. .. .. 0.2 ..

46 0.6 0.1 61 12 .. 0.2 ..

43 0.7 0.1 73 18 .. 0.2 ..

384 –51.0 –0.2 54 17 29 .. .. .. .. ..

561 25.7 –1.3 72 12 16 21 26 5 .. ..

986 5.5 11.3 61 17 22 31 173 20 0.4 0.0

.. .. 3.7 0.0 0.0 5.5 ..

.. .. 0.2 0.1 0.0 6.2 ..

6 .. 0.8 39.3 7.0 .. ..

374 .. 2.1 .. –368 .. 225 114

178 100 2.8 .. 453 .. 21 67

94 147 0.2 1.3 300 26.7 453 1,423

Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

128

2012

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Libya Middle East & North Africa Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

6.4 1,760 77.1 105.7

Upper middle income Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

1.5 .. 12,320 16,880

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

.. 68 4.8 .. .. .. 45 .. 89 .. .. .. ..

.. 73 3.1 4 .. 99 27 .. 93 .. 110 103 ..

.. 75 2.6 3 .. 100 17 5.6 98 .. .. .. ..

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

2.2 .. 793.3 54 97 2,614 9.3 1,614

2.2 0.0 718.0 54 97 3,168 9.5 2,276

2.2 0.0 718.0 .. 97 3,258 9.5 4,170

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

28.9 .. .. .. .. .. 40 31 19 .. ..

33.9 3.7 18.4 5 66 29 36 15 13 .. ..

62.4 2.1 –32.8 2 78 20 67 27 28 .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. .. 0.0 0.0 51.7 ..

.. .. 3.2 0.8 0.2 57.2 ..

.. .. 1.2 171.5 14.0 .. ..

64 .. .. .. –20.3 .. 159 8.3

50 100 .. .. –20.3 9.0 141 4.7

75 162 .. .. –20.3 17.3 1,784 8.5

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

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129


Liechtenstein High income Population (thousands) Surface area (sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ millions)

36 160 4.9 ..

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

0.7 .. 137,070 ..

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

.. .. .. .. .. .. 10 .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. 1.6 .. .. .. 6 .. .. 90 70 104 ..

.. .. 1.4 .. .. .. 2 .. .. 95 70 101 ..

Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

70 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

70 –0.6 .. .. .. .. .. ..

70 0.0 .. .. .. .. .. ..

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

1.4 2.3 5.4 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

2.5 3.2 1.6 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

4.8 –1.2 –0.5 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. .. 0.0 0.0 .. ..

.. .. .. 30.4 36.5 .. ..

.. .. .. 98.5 80.0 .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

130

2012

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Lithuania Europe & Central Asia Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Upper middle income 3.3 65 37.8 59.4

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

–1.6 .. 11,510 18,060

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

8.0 71 2.0 .. .. 100 17 .. 89 .. 95 96 0.1

7.9 72 1.4 25 .. 100 12 .. 97 97 98 99 0.1

6.6 73 1.6 18 .. 100 7 .. 96 96 98 99 0.1

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

19 .. .. .. .. 4,357 6.0 4,023

20 –0.4 17.7 92 86 2,038 3.5 2,517

22 –0.7 9.6 .. .. 2,512 4.5 3,431

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

10.5 –5.7 228.3 27 31 42 52 61 33 .. ..

11.4 3.3 0.9 6 30 64 45 51 19 25.9 –2.8

36.3 1.3 2.0 4 28 68 68 70 17 27.4 –7.2

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. 0.8 0.0 0.0 .. 0

26 13.9 1.7 15.0 6.4 .. 4

22 15.6 1.3 148.8 62.8 29.4 11

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

.. .. 0.1 0.3 33 0 30 ..

81 100 4.7 20.9 –106 50 379 ..

122 104 29.6 34.3 –35 1,575 748 ..

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2012

131


Luxembourg High income Population (thousands) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

507 2.6 39.0 31.1

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

1.8 .. 76,980 61,240

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

.. 75 1.6 .. .. .. 8 .. 80 .. 69 102 0.1

8.4 78 1.8 11 .. 100 5 .. 91 84 97 104 0.2

.. 80 1.6 9 .. .. 3 .. 96 84 98 102 0.3

Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

860 .. .. 100 100 8,932 25.9 13,668

870 870 –0.1 0.0 1.9 1.9 100 100 100 100 7,520 8,294 18.9 21.5 14,703 14,424

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

12.7 5.3 2.5 1 27 71 102 88 24 .. ..

20.3 8.4 2.0 1 18 81 150 129 23 39.8 5.5

53.3 2.7 4.9 0 13 87 165 134 19 38.5 –1.0

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. 82.9 0.8 0.2 0.0 99.1 ..

.. 167.8 0.6 69.5 22.8 100.0 17

19 189.6 0.6 143.4 90.1 .. 8

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

.. .. .. .. 11.9 .. 8 ..

97 100 .. .. 19.9 579 89 ..

82 96 .. .. 42.5 1,586 208 ..

132

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Macao SAR, China High income Population (thousands) Surface area (sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

544 28 18.5 24.0

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

2.3 .. 34,880 45,220

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

.. 76 1.7 .. .. .. .. .. .. 97 61 99 ..

.. 79 0.9 5 .. 100 .. .. .. 99 83 100 ..

.. 81 1.1 4 .. .. .. .. .. 97 92 95 ..

Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

.. .. .. .. .. .. 2.9 ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. 3.8 ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. 2.6 ..

3.0 8.0 11.5 0 21 79 110 84 25 .. ..

6.1 5.7 –2.0 0 15 85 100 65 12 19.9 1.6

28.0 26.4 4.1 0 11 89 107 50 12 36.9 19.6

.. .. .. 0.6 0.0 100.0 2

.. .. .. 32.7 13.6 100.0 1

.. .. .. 206.3 56.8 100.0 0

108 .. .. .. 36.9 .. 0 0.2

85 100 .. .. 19.8 208 –1 0.3

23 89 .. .. 50.6 835 3,530 ..

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

The Little Data Book

2012

133


Macedonia, FYR Europe & Central Asia Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Upper middle income 2.1 26 9.4 22.5

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

0.2 19.0 4,570 10,920

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

.. 71 2.1 .. .. 89 39 .. 98 98 76 99 ..

6.5 73 1.7 29 .. 98 16 1.9 97 100 84 98 ..

5.1 75 1.4 19 14 100 12 1.8 98 92 83 99 ..

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

9.1 .. .. 100 .. 1,298 5.6 2,789

9.6 –0.5 10.8 100 88 1,331 6.0 2,933

10.0 –0.4 16.1 100 88 1,352 5.8 3,442

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

4.5 –6.2 93.7 9 44 47 26 36 19 .. ..

3.6 4.5 8.2 12 34 54 49 64 22 .. ..

9.2 1.8 2.2 11 28 61 47 66 25 32.9 –0.8

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. .. 0.0 0.0 58.9 ..

48 0.2 1.9 5.8 2.5 63.8 1

3 28.8 1.5 104.5 51.9 57.6 3

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

104 .. 1.0 .. –15.0 .. .. 3

95 100 1.5 8.2 –9.0 81 215 250

95 89 5.8 15.2 2.0 388 207 178

134

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Madagascar Sub-Saharan Africa Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Low income 20.7 587 8.8 19.9

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

2.9 68.7 430 960

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

5.1 51 6.3 .. 17 57 159 35.5 47 37 19 96 0.2

4.9 60 5.5 152 19 46 102 36.8 55 37 16 96 0.2

5.4 66 4.7 127 40 44 62 .. 67 72 31 97 0.2

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

137 .. .. 29 9 .. 0.1 ..

131 0.4 4.4 38 12 .. 0.1 ..

126 0.4 4.4 46 15 .. 0.1 ..

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

3.1 3.1 11.5 29 13 59 17 28 17 .. ..

3.9 4.8 7.2 29 14 57 31 38 15 11.7 –2.0

8.7 1.6 8.1 29 16 55 29 53 33 14.2 –1.9

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. 1.2 0.0 0.0 15.4 8

67 .. 1.2 0.4 0.2 11.6 1

8 .. 0.7 37.2 1.7 .. 1

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

31 81 3.7 45.9 –8.0 7.9 22 397

50 100 4.7 9.6 –6.0 11.3 83 320

43 76 2.3 2.6 –5.0 .. 860 473

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135


Malawi Sub-Saharan Africa Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Low income 14.9 118 4.9 12.7

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

3.1 52.4 330 850

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

.. 47 6.8 .. 13 55 222 24.4 81 28 17 81 7.2

7.0 46 6.1 160 31 56 167 21.5 73 65 32 93 14.2

.. 53 6.0 111 41 54 92 13.8 93 67 32 101 11.0

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

39 .. .. 41 39 .. 0.1 ..

36 0.9 6.0 62 46 .. 0.1 ..

32 1.0 5.6 83 51 .. 0.1 ..

1,881 5.7 10.7 45 29 26 24 33 23 .. ..

1,744 1.6 30.5 40 18 43 26 35 14 .. ..

5,106 7.1 7.7 31 16 53 26 36 24 .. ..

.. .. 1.3 0.0 0.0 .. 0

45 3.6 0.7 0.4 0.1 45.0 2

39 26.7 1.2 20.4 2.3 .. 1

53 148 1.6 29.3 846 .. 23 500

52 100 2.7 13.4 –106 0.7 26 446

58 88 0.9 .. –20 .. 140 1,027

Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

136

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Malaysia East Asia & Pacific Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Upper middle income 28.4 331 220.4 403.9

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

1.6 3.8 7,760 14,220

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

5.1 70 3.5 .. 50 93 18 22.1 70 90 56 102 0.1

6.5 72 3.1 15 .. 97 11 16.7 88 95 66 104 0.4

4.5 74 2.6 12 .. 99 6 12.9 96 .. 68 .. 0.5

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

224 .. 1.7 88 84 1,208 3.1 1,171

216 0.4 2.1 97 92 2,019 5.4 2,726

205 0.5 2.3 100 96 2,391 7.6 3,614

44 9.0 3.8 15 42 43 75 72 32 .. ..

94 8.9 8.9 9 48 43 120 101 27 17.5 –4.1

238 7.2 5.1 11 44 45 97 79 21 20.8 –5.4

.. 110.4 2.6 0.5 0.0 70.0 38

37 124.7 1.6 21.9 21.4 76.2 60

6 172.6 1.5 119.2 56.3 .. 45

133 103 15.3 12.6 461 185 2.3 468

192 100 41.8 5.6 422 342 3.8 46

153 100 81.5 5.2 84 1,301 9.2 2

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions) The Little Data Book

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137


Maldives South Asia

Upper middle income

Population (thousands) Surface area (sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

316 300 1.8 2.6

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

1.3 .. 5,750 8,110

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

.. 61 6.1 .. 29 .. 102 .. 96 .. .. .. 0.1

6.5 70 2.9 32 42 70 47 25.7 99 147 53 101 0.1

.. 77 1.8 11 35 95 15 17.8 97 120 .. .. 0.1

Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

10.0 .. .. 93 68 232 0.7 ..

10.0 0.0 .. 95 79 .. 1.8 ..

10.0 0.0 15.7 98 97 985 3.0 ..

Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

215 .. .. .. .. .. 85 83 .. 22.1 –7.5

624 4.8 1.1 9 15 76 89 72 26 30.0 –5.0

1,908 9.9 –0.3 3 15 82 50 67 .. 24.0 –22.4

.. .. .. 0.0 0.0 .. ..

13 .. .. 2.8 2.2 .. ..

9 .. .. 156.4 28.3 100.0 ..

100 .. 78 4.8 –2.6 1.7 6 21

80 100 206 4.2 –1.1 2.2 22 19

68 96 1,229 21.3 –0.1 4.1 164 111

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

138

2012

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Mali Sub-Saharan Africa Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Low income 15.4 1,240 9.1 15.8

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

3.0 47.4 600 1,030

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

.. 44 7.1 .. .. .. 255 .. 43 9 7 58 0.4

6.1 47 6.8 190 8 41 213 30.1 55 29 17 71 1.7

8.0 51 6.3 176 8 49 178 27.9 63 55 39 83 1.0

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

141 .. .. 28 15 .. 0.0 ..

133 0.6 10.9 46 18 .. 0.0 ..

125 0.6 6.5 64 22 .. 0.0 ..

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

2.4 –1.9 4.9 46 16 39 17 34 23 .. ..

2.4 3.2 5.6 42 21 38 27 39 25 13.4 –3.4

9.3 4.5 3.6 37 24 .. 26 36 22 17.1 –2.1

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. 2.2 0.0 0.0 10.9 ..

41 .. 2.4 0.1 0.1 12.1 15

8 .. 1.9 48.4 2.7 24.6 2

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

40 135 2.5 15.3 –481 107 6 479

56 100 3.0 14.0 –142 73 82 288

56 159 2.3 2.5 –101 436 148 1,093

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139


Malta High income Population (thousands) Surface area (sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

416 320 8.0 10.3

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

0.5 .. 19,130 24,660

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

.. 75 2.1 .. 86 98 11 .. 80 102 82 95 0.1

.. 78 1.7 16 .. .. 8 .. 74 100 85 100 0.1

.. 81 1.4 14 .. 100 6 .. 73 92 105 93 0.1

Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

3.0 .. .. 100 100 1,962 6.2 2,824

3.0 0.0 71.3 100 100 1,771 5.4 4,410

3.0 0.0 71.3 100 100 1,931 6.2 4,416

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

2.5 6.3 3.2 3 55 41 76 89 31 .. ..

3.9 5.0 4.2 2 51 47 92 103 26 37.3 –9.8

8.3 3.1 3.0 2 33 65 85 83 17 37.0 –3.6

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. 0.8 0.0 0.0 .. 45

.. 52.5 0.7 30.0 13.7 88.0 72

.. 29.1 0.7 109.5 63.1 87.5 60

122 .. .. .. 2.3 58.2 46 5.3

151 100 .. .. 2.2 20.0 601 21.2

81 61 .. .. 5.0 47.6 994 ..

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

140

2012

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Marshall Islands East Asia & Pacific Population (thousands) Surface area (sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ millions) GNI, PPP ($ millions)

Lower middle income 54 180 196.6 ..

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

1.2 .. 3,640 ..

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

.. .. .. .. .. .. 51 .. 52 .. .. .. ..

.. 65 5.7 .. 34 95 37 .. 94 93 68 102 ..

.. .. 4.5 .. 45 86 26 .. 97 97 99 101 ..

Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

130 .. .. 95 64 .. 1.0 ..

130 0.0 .. 95 70 .. 1.5 ..

130 0.0 .. 94 75 610 1.9 ..

Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

78.5 2.7 5.0 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

110.9 5.9 –3.0 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

162.9 5.2 2.2 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. .. 0.0 0.0 .. ..

17 .. .. 0.9 1.5 .. ..

17 .. .. 7.0 3.5 .. ..

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

.. .. .. .. .. .. 1 0.3

58 100 .. .. .. .. 125 57.2

90 103 .. .. .. .. 9 90.6

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141


Mauritania Sub-Saharan Africa Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Lower middle income 3.5 1,031 3.6 6.6

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

2.4 42.0 1,030 1,910

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

5.2 56 5.9 .. 4 40 124 43.3 38 29 14 69 0.2

6.2 57 5.2 91 8 57 116 30.4 62 46 18 93 0.6

6.0 58 4.5 75 9 61 111 15.9 67 75 24 101 0.7

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

4.2 .. .. 30 16 .. 1.3 ..

3.2 2.7 399.8 40 21 .. 0.5 ..

2.4 2.7 14.0 50 26 .. 0.6 ..

1,020 –1.8 2.6 30 29 42 46 61 20 .. ..

1,081 1.9 1.3 28 30 43 46 74 19 .. ..

3,636 5.0 19.3 20 37 43 48 63 28 .. ..

.. .. 3.9 0.0 0.0 .. ..

82 .. 2.9 0.6 0.2 32.6 ..

19 .. 3.8 79.3 3.0 26.8 ..

84 97 2.1 30.7 –30.3 13.7 6.7 236

75 100 2.4 27.8 9.9 2.2 40.1 223

106 133 2.5 4.8 9.9 .. 13.6 373

Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

142

2012

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Mauritius Sub-Saharan Africa Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Upper middle income 1.3 2.0 9.9 17.9

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

0.5 .. 7,750 13,960

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

.. 69 2.3 .. 75 91 24 .. 76 114 52 100 0.1

.. 72 2.0 36 76 99 19 .. 84 96 75 98 0.3

.. 73 1.5 33 .. 99 15 .. 99 96 89 100 1.0

Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

390 .. 20.6 99 89 453 1.4 ..

390 0.0 22.2 99 89 .. 2.3 ..

350 1.0 26.4 99 89 947 3.1 ..

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

2.7 7.2 10.1 13 33 54 65 72 30 .. ..

4.6 9.0 2.1 7 31 62 61 62 26 .. ..

9.7 4.0 1.6 4 29 67 45 58 22 22.7 –2.4

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. 10.1 0.3 0.2 0.0 93.0 1

46 29.0 0.2 15.2 7.3 97.0 1

6 66.9 0.2 93.0 28.7 98.0 1

106 93 932 8.5 –35.9 .. 41 88

80 100 946 16.9 –8.8 177 266 20

68 73 1,076 2.4 0.0 226 431 125

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

The Little Data Book

2012

143


Mayotte Sub-Saharan Africa Population (thousands) Surface area (sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ millions) GNI, PPP ($ millions)

Upper middle income 204 370 .. ..

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

3.1 .. .. ..

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

.. 72 5.9 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. 75 4.6 98 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. 78 4.3 101 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

180 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

160 1.2 .. .. .. .. .. ..

140 1.3 .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. .. 0.0 .. .. ..

.. .. .. 0.0 .. .. 2

.. .. .. .. .. .. 2

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

.. .. .. .. 6.1 .. .. 61

.. 100 .. .. 5.8 .. 0.0 103

.. 80 .. .. –0.3 .. .. 604

Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

144

2012

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Mexico Latin America & Caribbean Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

113.4 1,964 1,008.0 1,627.0

Upper middle income Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

1.2 51.3 8,890 14,340

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

6.4 71 3.4 .. 63 84 49 13.9 75 88 55 97 0.4

4.0 74 2.6 76 70 95 29 6.0 96 99 73 100 0.3

4.7 77 2.3 68 73 95 17 3.4 95 104 87 102 0.3

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

703 .. .. 85 64 1,453 3.9 1,180

668 0.5 15.9 90 75 1,452 3.8 1,766

648 0.3 17.5 96 85 1,497 4.3 1,943

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

263 5.1 28.1 8 28 64 19 20 23 15.3 –2.5

581 6.6 12.1 4 28 68 31 33 24 14.7 –1.2

1,035 5.4 4.4 4 34 62 30 32 25 .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. 12.4 0.5 0.1 0.0 35.1 8

58 21.5 0.6 14.1 5.1 32.8 22

9 43.9 0.5 80.6 31.1 35.3 17

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (millions) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

32 102 104 21.7 –1.3 3.1 2.5 156

59 100 151 31.5 –1.4 7.5 18.1 –58

59 104 200 9.8 –1.8 22.0 19.8 473

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145


Micronesia, Fed. Sts. East Asia & Pacific Population (thousands) Surface area (sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ millions) GNI, PPP ($ millions)

Lower middle income 111 700 303.6 387.7

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

0.3 .. 2,740 3,490

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

.. 66 5.0 .. .. .. 56 .. 81 .. .. .. ..

1.6 67 4.3 38 23 88 49 .. 85 .. .. .. ..

.. 69 3.5 21 .. 92 42 .. 80 .. .. .. ..

Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

640 .. .. 89 29 .. .. ..

640 0.0 .. 92 26 .. 0.5 ..

640 0.0 .. .. .. .. 0.6 ..

Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

147 3.7 4.9 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

234 4.5 1.1 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

297 3.1 3.1 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. .. 0.0 0.0 15.9 ..

16 .. .. 0.0 3.7 17.5 ..

16 .. .. 24.8 20.0 .. ..

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

.. .. .. .. –2.5 .. .. 0

55 100 .. .. –13.6 .. –0.2 102

61 94 .. .. –9.0 .. 10.0 125

146

2012

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Moldova Europe & Central Asia Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Lower middle income 3.6 34 6.5 12.0

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

–0.1 21.9 1,810 3,360

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

6.9 67 2.4 .. .. 100 37 .. 73 .. 94 105 0.1

6.7 67 1.6 46 62 98 26 .. 89 98 82 101 0.4

7.8 69 1.5 31 68 100 19 3.2 97 93 88 101 0.4

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

3.2 .. 25.4 .. .. 2,669 5.7 3,235

3.2 –0.2 191.5 93 79 782 1.0 1,005

3.9 –1.8 16.4 96 85 687 1.3 1,018

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

3.6 –2.4 13.5 36 37 27 48 51 25 .. ..

1.3 2.1 27.3 29 22 49 50 75 24 24.5 –1.5

5.8 6.9 11.2 14 13 73 40 78 24 31.6 –2.6

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. 0.5 0.0 0.0 87.1 ..

42 3.2 0.4 3.8 1.4 86.1 3

9 .. 0.3 88.9 40.1 85.8 8

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

.. .. 0.0 .. –89 .. 17 ..

97 100 1.7 19.2 –253 179 128 123

94 105 4.6 12.8 –172 1,370 193 468

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147


Monaco High income Population (thousands) Surface area (sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ millions)

35 2.0 6.5 ..

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

0.1 .. 183,150 ..

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

.. .. .. .. .. .. 9 .. 99 .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. 5 .. 99 .. 154 104 ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. 4 .. 99 132 153 98 ..

Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

0.0 .. .. 100 100 .. .. ..

0.0 0.0 .. 100 100 .. .. ..

0.0 0.0 .. 100 100 .. .. ..

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

2.5 2.6 2.6 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

2.6 3.9 1.4 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

6.1 –2.6 0.5 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. 100.0 ..

.. .. .. .. .. 100.0 ..

.. .. .. .. .. 100.0 ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

148

2012

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Mongolia East Asia & Pacific Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Lower middle income 2.8 1,564 5.2 10.1

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

1.6 35.2 1,870 3,670

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

.. 61 4.1 .. .. .. 107 10.8 92 .. 87 109 0.1

7.5 63 2.2 26 67 97 61 11.6 92 86 65 111 0.1

7.1 68 2.5 20 55 100 32 5.3 97 108 93 103 0.1

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

125 .. 1.2 54 .. 1,558 4.6 1,540

117 0.7 1.4 65 49 980 3.1 1,070

109 0.7 1.4 82 51 1,194 4.1 1,411

2.6 –3.2 23.2 13 42 45 18 40 29 15.4 –0.5

1.1 1.1 12.0 31 25 44 54 68 29 24.4 0.2

6.2 6.4 20.0 16 38 46 55 62 41 33.7 3.0

.. .. 4.6 0.0 0.0 .. ..

20 3.2 2.1 6.4 1.3 3.5 0

13 17.6 0.9 91.1 12.9 .. 7

62 .. 355 17.3 0.0 .. 11 13

101 100 896 6.2 –57.7 12 54 217

100 216 2,444 5.0 –15.0 277 1,455 304

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

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2012

149


Montenegro Europe & Central Asia Population (thousands) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Upper middle income 632 14 4.3 8.1

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

0.2 6.6 6,740 12,770

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

.. 75 1.9 .. .. .. 18 .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. 75 1.8 22 53 99 13 .. .. .. 86 100 ..

8.5 74 1.7 16 39 100 8 2.2 90 .. 104 100 ..

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

5.4 .. .. 97 .. .. .. ..

5.4 0.0 .. 98 90 .. .. ..

5.4 0.0 .. 98 90 1,384 3.1 ..

Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

984 3.1 20.2 12 23 64 37 51 22 .. ..

4,111 2.5 1.6 9 20 71 36 64 23 .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

10 87.7 1.3 185.1 52.0 .. ..

.. .. .. .. 17.7 .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. –32.5 .. .. 8.1

65 .. 1,554 5.9 –2.5 301 760 77.4

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

150

2012

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Morocco Middle East & North Africa Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

32.0 447 92.6 149.3

Lower middle income Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

1.0 9.0 2,850 4,600

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

6.6 64 4.0 .. 42 31 86 8.1 79 51 38 69 0.1

6.5 69 2.7 23 63 63 55 9.9 93 57 38 83 0.1

6.5 72 2.3 13 .. .. 36 .. 98 85 56 89 0.1

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

50 .. 38.1 73 53 280 1.0 360

50 0.1 43.4 78 64 356 1.2 490

51 –0.2 43.4 83 70 477 1.5 756

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

25.8 4.0 5.5 18 33 48 26 32 25 .. ..

37.0 1.6 –0.6 15 29 56 28 33 26 30.0 –3.1

90.8 3.7 0.6 15 30 55 33 43 35 31.8 –2.6

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. 3.7 4.1 0.0 0.0 49.1 3

36 29.4 2.3 8.1 0.7 56.4 11

12 76.2 3.5 100.1 49.0 70.3 8

43 85 25.0 28.4 –250 2.0 165 1,241

51 100 20.7 25.2 –500 2.2 221 434

58 134 25.4 10.7 –675 6.4 1,241 994

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received (billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

The Little Data Book

2012

151


Mozambique Sub-Saharan Africa Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Low income 23.4 799 10.3 21.7

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

2.3 54.7 440 930

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

.. 43 6.2 .. .. .. 219 .. 59 26 7 73 1.2

5.4 47 5.7 153 17 48 177 21.2 71 16 6 75 8.6

5.2 50 4.9 134 16 55 135 18.3 70 61 25 89 11.5

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

434 .. 0.6 36 11 437 0.1 40

412 0.5 0.7 42 14 394 0.1 122

390 0.5 0.3 47 18 427 0.1 453

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

2.5 1.0 34.1 37 18 44 8 36 22 .. ..

4.2 1.1 12.0 24 25 51 16 37 31 .. ..

9.6 7.2 12.7 32 23 45 25 43 24 .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. 3.4 0.0 0.0 16.8 ..

153 .. 1.3 0.3 0.1 18.7 9

13 .. 0.9 30.9 4.2 20.8 1

41 175 4.6 26.2 –1,300 70 9 998

36 100 7.2 12.5 75 37 139 906

80 109 4.1 2.9 –20 132 789 1,959

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

152

2012

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Myanmar East Asia & Pacific Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ millions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Low income 48.0 677 .. 93.5

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

0.8 .. .. 1,950

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

.. 57 3.4 .. 17 46 112 28.8 68 .. 20 93 0.2

.. 62 2.4 21 37 57 87 30.1 84 81 40 101 0.8

.. 65 2.0 14 41 64 66 .. 88 104 54 102 0.6

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

392 .. .. 56 .. 271 0.1 46

349 1.2 3.3 67 62 278 0.2 78

318 0.9 2.8 83 76 316 0.3 104

Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

.. 2.8 18.5 57 11 32 2 4 13 10.5 ..

.. 13.7 2.5 57 10 33 0 1 12 5.3 –2.7

.. 10.4 8.2 36 26 38 0 0 23 .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. 3.4 0.0 0.0 10.9 0

.. .. 2.3 0.0 0.0 11.4 ..

.. .. .. 1.2 0.2 11.9 ..

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

.. 252 4.7 18.8 –137 6 163 161

.. 100 6.0 1.7 4 104 258 106

.. 110 6.4 .. –500 133 910 358

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153


Namibia Sub-Saharan Africa Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Upper middle income 2.3 824 10.3 14.7

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

1.8 38.0 4,510 6,420

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

1.5 61 5.2 .. 41 68 73 21.5 76 74 38 111 1.6

3.2 58 4.0 85 44 76 74 20.3 69 91 60 104 15.3

.. 62 3.2 62 55 81 40 17.5 75 84 64 104 13.1

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

88 .. 4.0 64 24 445 0.0 1,050

80 0.9 4.9 81 28 537 0.9 1,179

73 1.0 1.7 93 32 764 1.8 1,576

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

2.4 2.5 4.3 12 38 50 52 67 34 31.3 –2.6

3.9 3.5 26.7 12 28 60 41 45 17 30.1 –1.6

12.2 4.8 9.3 8 20 73 39 38 23 29.2 2.0

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. 0.7 8.4 0.0 0.0 10.8 ..

85 8.0 2.4 4.3 1.6 13.6 2

66 9.7 3.3 67.2 6.5 14.7 1

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

96 93 .. .. 74.8 13.5 30 120

73 100 .. .. 35.5 9.5 119 152

77 120 .. .. –1.5 14.8 796 259

154

2012

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Nepal South Asia Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Low income 30.0 147 14.5 36.2

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

1.8 25.2 490 1,210

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

.. 54 5.2 .. 24 7 141 .. 57 51 32 57 0.2

6.5 62 4.1 124 37 12 84 43.0 77 66 35 77 0.5

8.3 68 2.7 93 48 19 50 38.8 86 .. .. .. 0.4

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

48 .. .. 76 10 303 0.03 35

39 2.1 5.1 83 20 332 0.13 58

36 0.7 4.7 89 31 338 0.12 91

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

3.6 4.6 10.7 52 16 32 11 22 18 8.4 ..

5.5 6.2 4.5 41 22 37 23 32 24 10.6 ..

15.7 4.6 13.4 36 15 48 10 37 35 15.2 ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. 1.1 0.0 0.0 37.5 ..

31 14.4 1.0 0.0 0.2 53.9 0

29 30.8 1.5 30.7 7.9 53.9 1

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

24 .. 1.6 15.2 –145 55 5.9 423

43 100 2.9 7.5 –99 111 –0.5 386

39 78 3.7 10.5 –100 3,468 87.8 821

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155


Netherlands High income Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

16.6 42 814.8 694.7

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

0.5 .. 49,030 41,810

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

.. 77 1.6 .. 79 .. 8 .. 94 .. 119 97 0.1

7.6 78 1.7 7 67 100 6 .. 96 98 123 97 0.2

.. 81 1.8 5 69 .. 4 .. 96 .. 120 99 0.2

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

3.5 .. 8.8 100 100 4,393 11.0 5,218

3.6 –0.4 105.1 100 100 4,598 10.4 6,560

3.7 –0.1 11.7 100 100 5,015 10.6 6,896

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

295 4.2 1.6 4 29 66 56 53 23 .. ..

385 3.9 4.1 3 25 72 70 65 22 40.7 2.0

779 1.7 1.3 2 24 74 78 71 19 40.9 –4.8

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. 40.7 2.5 0.5 0.3 88.0 16

9 166.3 1.6 67.5 43.8 90.0 36

8 84.8 1.4 115.4 90.7 .. 21

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

87 .. .. .. 134 0.7 10.7 ..

117 100 .. .. 154 1.2 63.1 ..

140 102 .. .. 50 3.8 –15.6 ..

156

2012

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New Caledonia High income Population (thousands) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ millions)

247 19 .. ..

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

0.6 .. .. ..

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

.. 70 3.2 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. 75 2.6 18 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. 76 2.1 20 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

8.4 .. .. .. .. .. 9.7 ..

8.4 0.0 .. .. .. .. 10.8 ..

8.4 0.0 .. .. .. .. 12.9 ..

2.5 3.6 –4.6 4 23 73 18 35 31 .. ..

2.7 2.1 –0.6 .. .. .. 13 33 .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. .. 0.0 0.0 .. ..

.. .. .. 23.4 13.9 .. 1

.. .. .. 89.4 34.2 .. 1

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

53 .. .. .. 0.6 .. 31 302

57 100 .. .. 6.2 333 –41 315

.. 215 .. .. 6.4 638 1,439 ..

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

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2012

157


New Zealand High income Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

4.4 268 124.2 121.3

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

1.2 .. 28,770 28,100

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

.. 75 2.2 .. .. .. 11 .. 90 .. 90 99 0.1

.. 79 2.0 29 .. 97 7 .. 85 .. 111 103 0.1

.. 81 2.2 24 .. .. 6 .. 91 .. 119 103 0.1

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

77 .. .. 100 .. 3,720 7.0 8,664

83 –0.7 0.6 100 .. 4,360 8.5 9,384

83 0.0 1.5 100 .. 4,193 7.8 9,346

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

44.5 0.0 2.5 7 28 65 27 26 20 .. ..

51.6 2.6 3.0 9 25 66 35 33 21 33.7 1.7

126.7 –0.5 1.7 .. .. .. 29 27 20 36.1 3.1

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. 19.9 1.8 1.6 0.0 57.0 4

12 36.6 1.2 40.0 47.4 62.8 10

1 52.9 1.1 114.9 83.0 66.2 9

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

42 .. .. .. –8.6 762 1.7 ..

53 100 .. .. 43.0 236 3.8 ..

40 124 .. .. 65.0 843 0.7 ..

158

2012

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Nicaragua Latin America & Caribbean Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Lower middle income 5.8 130 6.4 16.1

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

1.4 46.2 1,110 2,790

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

4.2 64 4.8 .. 49 61 68 9.6 82 39 37 119 0.1

5.6 70 3.3 125 69 67 43 7.8 86 66 53 105 0.1

6.2 74 2.6 108 72 74 27 5.7 99 81 69 102 0.2

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

45 .. .. 74 43 508 0.6 285

38 1.7 0.7 80 48 536 0.7 327

31 2.0 0.7 85 52 540 0.8 460

1.0 –0.1 5,018.1 .. .. .. 25 46 19 30.0 –34.2

3.9 4.1 8.6 21 28 51 24 51 30 15.1 –3.6

6.6 7.6 2.9 21 30 49 41 70 28 19.7 –1.0

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. 4.0 0.0 0.0 10.5 6

46 .. 0.8 1.8 1.0 11.1 5

39 .. 0.7 65.1 10.0 11.6 5

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

96 155 10.8 3.9 –156 10 1 330

62 100 6.7 25.3 –158 320 267 560

92 82 4.8 14.3 –200 823 508 628

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

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2012

159


Niger Sub-Saharan Africa Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Low income 15.5 1,267 5.7 11.2

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

3.5 59.5 370 720

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

7.5 41 7.8 .. 4 15 311 41.0 25 16 6 53 0.1

.. 48 7.5 216 14 16 218 43.6 37 19 7 65 1.0

8.1 54 7.1 199 18 18 143 39.9 71 46 13 78 0.8

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

19 .. 1.5 35 5 .. 0.1 ..

13 3.7 67.5 42 7 .. 0.1 ..

12 1.0 7.0 49 9 .. 0.1 ..

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

2.5 –1.3 –1.6 35 16 49 15 22 8 .. ..

1.8 –1.4 4.5 38 18 44 18 26 11 .. ..

5.5 8.8 1.7 .. .. .. .. .. .. 13.5 –0.9

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. .. 0.0 0.0 29.0 ..

35 .. 1.1 0.0 0.0 25.7 6

17 .. 0.9 24.5 0.8 20.7 7

27 165 1.8 17.8 –91.9 13.9 41 388

38 100 1.7 7.8 24.1 14.4 8 209

56 150 1.1 2.6 –28.5 88.0 947 749

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

160

2012

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Nigeria Sub-Saharan Africa Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Lower middle income 158.4 924 186.4 344.2

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

2.5 54.7 1,180 2,170

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

4.0 46 6.4 .. 6 31 213 35.1 54 .. 24 77 1.3

5.1 46 5.9 130 15 42 186 27.3 33 77 24 82 3.9

4.4 51 5.5 114 15 39 143 26.7 71 74 44 90 3.6

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

172 .. .. 47 37 724 0.5 85

131 2.7 4.7 53 34 726 0.6 74

90 3.7 3.6 58 31 701 0.6 121

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

28.5 8.2 7.2 .. .. .. 43 29 .. .. ..

46.0 5.4 38.2 49 31 21 54 32 .. .. ..

193.7 7.9 7.5 33 41 27 39 27 .. 9.7 –1.7

.. 4.8 0.9 0.0 0.0 .. ..

44 9.2 0.8 0.0 0.1 15.0 1

34 26.3 1.0 55.1 28.4 .. 1

68 89 33.4 22.6 –91 0.0 0.6 255

65 100 31.4 8.7 –95 1.4 1.1 174

65 187 7.9 0.4 –300 10.0 6.0 2,069

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

The Little Data Book

2012

161


Northern Mariana Islands High income Population (thousands) Surface area (sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ millions) GNI, PPP ($ millions)

61 460 .. ..

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

–0.9 .. .. ..

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. 100 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

340 .. .. 98 84 .. .. ..

320 0.5 .. 98 92 .. .. ..

300 0.5 .. 98 .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. 0.0 0.0 .. ..

.. .. .. 4.4 .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. 124 63.1

.. 100 .. .. .. .. 12 0.1

.. 88 .. .. .. .. .. ..

Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

162

2012

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Norway High income Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

4.9 324 427.1 286.3

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990

2000

2010

.. 77 1.9 .. 74 100 9 .. 87 96 101 102 0.1

9.6 79 1.9 11 87 .. 5 .. 88 98 116 101 0.1

.. 81 2.0 8 88 .. 3 .. 93 100 110 99 0.1

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

1.2 .. 87,350 58,570

91 93 101 .. –0.2 –0.8 .. 0.5 0.8 100 100 100 100 100 100 4,952 5,760 6,327 7.4 8.6 10.5 23,354 24,994 23,550

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

118 1.9 3.8 3 34 63 40 34 23 .. ..

168 3.3 15.7 2 42 56 47 29 20 48.4 15.7

417 0.7 6.4 2 40 58 41 29 22 47.7 11.7

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. 22.2 2.9 4.6 0.7 69.0 11

18 38.6 1.7 71.8 26.8 76.0 17

7 60.1 1.6 115.5 93.3 80.7 16

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

52 .. .. .. 34 158 1.0 ..

56 100 .. .. 59 270 7.0 ..

50 140 .. .. 171 680 11.7 ..

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Oman High income Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

2.8 310 49.5 68.3

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

2.6 .. 18,260 25,190

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

.. 71 7.2 .. 9 .. 47 21.4 98 65 39 86 0.1

.. 74 3.6 28 32 95 22 11.3 99 78 75 99 0.1

.. 73 2.3 9 24 99 9 8.6 97 101 100 98 0.1

Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

20 .. 87.4 80 82 2,258 5.5 2,121

20 0.0 94.7 83 90 3,646 9.7 3,345

20 0.0 86.6 89 99 5,554 17.3 5,724

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

11.7 –0.1 24.8 3 54 43 47 28 12 35.0 –0.3

19.9 5.4 20.0 2 57 41 59 31 12 23.9 –4.4

46.9 1.1 –23.5 .. .. .. 53 41 30 .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. 8.5 16.5 0.1 0.0 21.0 15

35 17.4 10.6 7.2 3.5 30.0 3

8 36.9 9.6 165.5 62.0 46.0 1

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

71 .. .. .. 9 39.0 142 68.2

83 100 .. .. –229 39.0 82 79.7

97 193 .. .. 153 39.0 2,333 –40.0

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Pakistan South Asia Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Lower middle income 173.6 796 182.8 484.4

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

1.8 22.3 1,050 2,790

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

8.1 61 6.0 .. 15 19 124 39.0 50 .. 20 48 0.1

8.7 63 4.5 49 28 23 101 31.3 59 .. 28 73 0.1

9.6 65 3.4 30 27 39 87 .. 86 67 34 80 0.1

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

25 .. 282.9 85 27 383 0.6 267

21 1.8 313.8 89 37 440 0.7 357

17 2.2 79.5 92 48 502 1.0 449

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

40.0 4.5 6.5 26 25 49 16 23 19 19.1 –2.5

74.0 4.3 24.9 26 23 51 13 15 17 13.9 –4.1

176.9 4.1 12.0 21 25 53 14 19 15 13.8 –5.0

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. 7.1 6.9 0.0 0.0 54.0 0

24 8.9 4.0 0.2 1.3 56.0 0

21 21.6 3.2 57.1 16.8 65.4 2

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ billions)

33 109 20.6 27.4 140 2.0 245 1.1

27 34 100 52 32.7 56.8 27.9 15.2 –187 –2,000 1.1 9.7 308 2,022 0.7 3.0

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Palau East Asia & Pacific Population (thousands) Surface area (sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ millions) GNI, PPP ($ millions)

Upper middle income 20 460 134.2 225.2

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

0.6 .. 6,560 11,000

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

.. 69 2.8 .. .. 99 33 .. 98 .. .. .. ..

.. 70 1.5 .. 17 100 25 .. 83 99 86 100 ..

.. .. .. .. 21 100 19 .. 75 .. 96 .. ..

Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

380 .. .. 80 65 4,869 15.6 ..

400 –0.4 .. 83 84 .. 6.1 ..

400 –0.2 .. 85 100 .. 10.5 ..

76.9 –6.4 5.0 19 13 69 20 39 .. .. ..

119.9 0.3 5.3 4 15 81 10 106 .. .. ..

171.3 2.0 2.0 3 21 76 81 100 .. .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. .. .. 0.0 .. ..

24 .. .. 12.6 20.2 .. ..

28 .. .. 70.9 .. .. ..

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

.. .. .. .. .. .. 1.0 0.0

113 100 .. .. .. .. 14.9 39.1

74 102 .. .. .. .. 2.3 26.3

Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

166

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Panama Latin America & Caribbean Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Upper middle income 3.5 75 24.5 44.9

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

1.6 32.7 6,970 12,770

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

1.2 72 3.0 .. .. 86 33 .. 73 86 61 99 0.2

1.9 74 2.7 91 .. 93 26 .. 97 94 67 100 1.4

3.3 76 2.5 79 52 89 20 .. 95 97 74 101 0.9

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

38 .. .. 84 58 603 1.3 852

34 1.2 0.3 90 65 853 2.0 1,298

33 0.4 0.3 93 69 896 2.0 1,735

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

5.3 8.1 0.6 10 15 75 87 79 17 25.6 2.0

11.6 2.7 –1.2 7 19 74 73 70 24 23.1 –0.8

26.7 4.8 3.0 5 17 78 65 69 27 .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. 3.4 1.4 0.0 0.0 32.0 ..

18 24.0 1.0 13.9 6.6 34.6 1

8 40.9 .. 184.7 42.7 42.0 1

35 69 6.5 6.2 –15.0 110 136 99

36 100 6.6 9.4 11.0 16 624 15

37 87 11.4 5.7 11.0 231 2,350 129

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

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Papua New Guinea East Asia & Pacific Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Lower middle income 6.9 463 8.9 16.6

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

2.3 37.5 1,300 2,420

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

.. 56 4.8 .. .. .. 90 .. 67 48 11 78 0.1

.. 59 4.5 73 .. 41 74 .. 62 55 20 84 0.4

.. 62 4.0 64 32 53 61 18.1 55 .. .. .. 0.9

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

315 .. .. 41 47 .. 0.5 ..

301 0.5 0.0 39 46 .. 0.5 ..

287 0.5 0.0 40 45 .. 0.3 ..

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

3.2 –3.0 4.1 31 32 37 41 49 24 25.2 –2.2

3.5 –2.5 13.1 36 41 23 66 49 22 24.2 –1.9

9.5 8.0 9.3 36 45 19 56 53 18 .. ..

.. .. 2.1 0.0 0.0 3.2 ..

51 49.3 0.9 0.2 0.8 3.5 19

51 102.8 0.5 27.8 1.3 .. ..

74 .. 2.6 37.2 0.0 5.4 155 412

92 100 2.3 12.9 0.0 7.2 96 275

100 150 5.8 12.9 0.0 15.0 29 513

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

168

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Paraguay Latin America & Caribbean Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Lower middle income 6.5 407 17.6 32.8

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

1.8 34.7 2,720 5,080

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

5.8 68 4.5 .. 48 66 50 2.8 69 65 31 98 0.1

2.7 70 3.7 86 73 77 35 .. 92 92 61 98 0.3

3.3 72 3.0 69 79 82 25 3.4 94 94 67 100 0.3

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

212 .. .. 52 37 724 0.5 502

194 0.9 0.5 74 58 721 0.7 881

176 1.0 0.1 86 71 749 0.7 1,056

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

5.3 3.1 36.3 28 25 47 33 39 23 12.3 2.9

7.1 –3.3 12.1 17 22 61 38 49 19 17.0 –3.9

18.3 15.0 6.7 22 20 57 57 55 19 18.1 1.4

.. 0.3 1.2 0.0 0.0 .. 0

74 3.5 1.1 15.4 0.7 50.8 3

35 0.2 0.9 91.7 19.8 .. 7

44 103 2.1 12.3 –16.9 34 77 57

43 100 3.1 11.1 –43.0 278 104 82

80 103 4.9 4.6 –40.0 673 345 105

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

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Peru Latin America & Caribbean Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

29.1 1,285 136.7 259.6

Upper middle income Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

1.1 31.3 4,700 8,930

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

.. 66 3.8 .. 59 53 78 8.8 64 .. 67 96 0.4

3.4 70 2.9 65 69 59 41 5.2 97 103 86 97 0.5

3.9 74 2.5 51 74 84 19 4.5 94 102 92 99 0.4

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

702 .. 1.0 75 54 449 1.0 550

692 0.1 1.2 81 63 473 1.2 682

680 0.2 1.0 85 71 550 1.4 1,136

26.3 –5.1 6,836.9 9 27 64 16 14 16 12.5 –8.1

53.3 3.0 3.7 8 30 62 16 18 20 17.4 –2.1

157.1 8.8 6.9 8 34 57 25 22 24 18.5 0.3

.. 3.1 0.1 0.0 0.0 9.9 1

98 19.8 2.0 4.9 3.1 13.4 4

26 63.6 1.4 100.1 34.3 13.9 7

22 114 20.1 11.0 –180 87 41 397

27 100 28.6 27.8 –350 718 810 397

42 152 36.3 16.7 –725 2,534 7,328 –254

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

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Philippines East Asia & Pacific Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Lower middle income 93.3 300 192.2 370.7

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

1.7 26.5 2,060 3,980

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

5.9 65 4.3 .. 40 53 59 29.8 85 88 71 99 0.1

5.4 67 3.8 52 47 58 40 20.7 80 101 75 103 0.1

6.0 68 3.1 50 51 62 29 20.7 88 92 85 101 0.1

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

66 .. .. 85 57 469 0.7 363

71 –0.8 .. 89 65 523 1.0 504

77 –0.7 17.0 92 74 424 0.9 593

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

44.3 3.0 13.0 22 34 44 28 33 24 16.2 –2.8

81.0 4.4 5.7 14 34 52 51 53 18 14.2 –3.7

199.6 7.6 4.2 12 33 55 35 37 21 13.4 –3.5

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. 13.4 1.4 0.0 0.0 .. 32

49 32.0 1.0 8.3 2.0 20.0 73

35 78.8 0.8 85.7 25.0 .. 68

48 87 30.6 27.6 –299 1.5 0.5 1,271

95 100 58.3 16.0 –776 7.0 2.2 572

55 69 72.3 18.4 –1,233 21.4 1.7 535

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

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Poland High income Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

38.2 313 474.9 731.5

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

0.1 10.6 12,440 19,160

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

9.2 71 2.0 .. 73 100 17 .. 95 98 88 101 0.1

7.8 74 1.4 17 .. 100 10 .. 97 95 101 98 0.1

7.7 76 1.4 13 .. 100 6 .. 98 95 97 99 0.1

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

89 .. 24.6 .. .. 2,705 9.6 3,272

91 –0.2 24.5 .. 90 2,317 7.8 3,240

93 –0.3 19.4 100 90 2,664 8.3 3,591

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

65 –7.0 55.3 8 50 42 26 20 24 .. ..

171 4.3 7.3 5 32 63 27 34 25 31.5 –2.8

469 3.9 1.4 4 32 65 42 43 21 30.0 –6.1

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. 0.2 2.4 0.0 0.0 61.6 3

31 18.3 1.8 17.5 7.3 68.3 3

32 40.5 1.9 123.0 62.5 69.9 7

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

40 .. .. .. –250 .. 0.1 ..

47 100 .. .. –199 1.5 9.3 ..

70 102 .. .. 56 7.6 9.1 ..

172

2012

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Portugal High income Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

10.6 92 232.6 261.6

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

0.0 .. 21,870 24,590

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

.. 74 1.4 .. .. 98 15 .. 85 .. 59 97 0.1

.. 76 1.6 20 .. 100 7 .. 87 .. 105 101 0.4

.. 79 1.3 14 67 .. 4 .. 96 .. 107 100 0.6

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

33 .. .. 96 92 1,677 4.4 2,542

34 –0.3 31.3 99 98 2,413 6.2 4,014

35 –0.1 12.3 99 100 2,211 5.3 4,815

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

78 4.0 13.1 9 29 63 30 37 27 .. ..

117 3.9 3.3 4 28 68 29 40 28 34.6 –2.6

229 1.4 1.0 2 23 74 31 38 20 34.5 –8.7

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. 11.8 2.4 0.1 0.0 .. 4

78 51.7 1.9 65.2 16.6 86.0 6

5 35.9 2.2 142.8 51.3 .. 3

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

54 .. .. .. –148 4.5 2.6 ..

55 100 .. .. 174 3.5 6.7 ..

54 88 .. .. 150 3.5 1.5 ..

The Little Data Book

2012

173


Puerto Rico High income Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ millions)

4.0 8.9 61.6 ..

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

0.3 .. 15,500 ..

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

.. 74 2.2 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. 77 2.0 68 84 100 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. 79 1.8 52 .. .. .. .. .. .. 82 104 ..

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

2.9 .. 11.2 .. .. .. .. ..

4.6 –4.9 12.1 .. .. .. .. ..

5.5 –1.8 14.0 .. .. .. .. ..

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

30.6 3.8 4.3 1 42 57 72 70 17 .. ..

61.7 3.3 3.3 1 42 57 75 98 18 .. ..

96.3 –2.1 3.2 1 50 49 78 92 9 .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. .. 0.6 0.0 .. ..

7 .. .. 34.6 10.5 94.0 ..

6 .. .. 73.8 42.7 .. ..

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

.. .. .. .. –55 .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. –25 .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. –145 .. .. ..

174

2012

The Little Data Book


Qatar High income Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ millions) GNI, PPP ($ millions)

1.8 12 .. ..

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990

2000

2010

.. 74 4.2 .. .. .. 21 .. 79 70 83 98 0.1

.. 76 3.1 21 43 100 13 .. 91 93 88 109 0.1

3.9 78 2.3 16 .. 100 8 .. 99 100 94 109 0.1

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49) Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

9.6 .. .. ..

0.0 0.0 0.0 .. 0.0 0.0 .. 348.0 455.2 100 100 100 100 100 100 13,098 18,029 14,911 24.9 58.8 49.1 9,643 14,385 14,421

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions) The Little Data Book

7.4 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

17.8 3.3 –4.4 .. .. .. 67 22 20 .. ..

98.3 8.6 –18.3 .. .. .. 47 31 39 47.2 15.2

.. .. .. 0.8 0.0 85.6 0

.. 29.0 4.7 20.5 4.9 90.0 0

12 89.4 2.3 132.4 81.6 .. 0

76 .. .. .. 58 .. 5 3.0

84 100 .. .. 43 .. 252 ..

67 188 .. .. 857 .. 5,534 ..

2012

175


Romania Europe & Central Asia Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Upper middle income 21.4 238 168.2 306.4

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

–0.2 13.8 7,850 14,290

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

9.9 70 1.8 .. 57 100 37 5.0 92 96 102 98 0.1

8.2 71 1.3 38 64 99 27 3.7 98 95 82 100 0.1

8.3 73 1.4 30 .. 99 14 .. 95 91 95 99 0.1

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

64 .. 48.3 75 71 2,683 6.8 2,925

64 0.0 4.2 84 72 1,612 4.0 1,988

66 –0.3 3.2 .. 72 1,602 4.4 2,267

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

38.3 –5.6 13.6 24 50 26 17 26 30 .. ..

37.1 2.1 44.3 13 36 51 33 38 20 25.8 –2.0

161.6 0.9 3.6 7 26 67 23 30 31 30.9 –4.6

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. 4.5 0.0 0.0 51.0 3

29 2.9 2.5 11.1 3.6 49.5 6

14 20.0 1.4 114.9 40.0 .. 11

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

33 .. 1 0.3 –121 .. 0.0 ..

64 100 11 20.1 –300 96 1.0 ..

69 100 122 31.2 –100 3,883 2.9 ..

176

2012

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Russian Federation Europe & Central Asia Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Upper middle income 141.8 17,098 1,403.8 2,726.8

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

–0.1 11.1 9,900 19,240

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

4.4 69 1.9 .. 63 99 27 .. 83 .. 95 101 0.1

6.1 65 1.2 31 84 99 23 .. 97 91 92 100 0.3

6.5 69 1.5 26 80 100 12 .. 98 98 89 98 1.0

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

8,090 .. .. 93 74 5,929 14.9 6,673

8,093 0.0 1.5 95 72 4,233 10.6 5,209

8,091 0.0 1.5 97 70 4,561 12.0 6,136

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

517 –3.0 15.9 17 48 35 18 18 30 .. ..

260 10.0 37.7 6 38 56 44 24 19 31.8 7.0

1,480 4.0 11.4 4 37 59 30 22 23 26.8 –1.9

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. 0.0 19.1 0.0 0.0 74.2 ..

44 15.0 3.7 2.2 2.0 67.4 16

30 67.9 4.0 167.7 43.4 80.1 9

.. .. 78 .. 0.9 .. 1.2 ..

58 100 160 9.9 2.2 1.3 2.7 ..

44 197 385 12.8 1.1 5.3 43.3 ..

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (millions) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions) The Little Data Book

2012

177


Rwanda Sub-Saharan Africa Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Low income 10.6 26 5.5 12.3

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

3.0 44.9 520 1,150

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

.. 33 7.0 .. 21 26 163 24.3 83 49 17 95 5.2

4.8 47 5.8 48 13 31 177 20.3 74 23 11 97 3.8

5.2 55 5.4 37 52 69 91 18.0 82 70 32 102 2.9

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

3.2 .. .. 66 36 .. 0.1 ..

3.4 –0.8 1.6 66 47 .. 0.1 ..

4.4 –2.4 1.6 65 55 .. 0.1 ..

2.6 –2.4 13.5 33 25 43 6 14 15 10.8 –5.4

1.7 8.1 –3.0 37 14 49 9 26 18 .. ..

5.6 7.5 2.1 34 14 52 12 29 22 .. ..

.. .. 3.7 0.0 0.0 9.0 ..

18 .. 3.5 0.5 0.1 19.0 2

3 .. 1.4 33.4 13.0 .. 6

15 40 708 13.4 15 2.6 7.6 288

15 100 1,270 25.2 1,816 6.6 8.3 321

31 234 795 2.3 15 91.8 42.3 1,034

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

178

2012

The Little Data Book


Samoa East Asia & Pacific Population (thousands) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ millions) GNI, PPP ($ millions)

Lower middle income 184 2.8 549.0 782.2

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

0.4 .. 2,980 4,250

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

.. 65 4.8 .. .. 76 27 .. 89 .. .. .. ..

.. 69 4.6 40 25 100 23 1.7 93 94 78 106 ..

.. 72 3.9 27 29 81 20 .. 61 101 85 108 ..

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

1.3 .. .. 89 99 268 0.8 ..

1.7 –2.8 .. 92 98 .. 0.8 ..

1.7 0.0 .. 96 98 320 0.9 ..

Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

112 –4.4 9.0 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

246 7.0 2.8 17 26 57 34 57 .. .. ..

574 1.7 2.3 10 28 62 32 59 .. .. ..

.. .. .. 0.0 0.0 .. ..

42 .. .. 1.4 0.6 14.2 1

9 .. .. 91.0 7.0 .. 0

80 .. 92 10.6 –16.4 43 6.6 48

70 100 138 5.7 –15.0 45 –1.5 27

64 79 308 5.2 –15.7 143 0.7 147

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

The Little Data Book

2012

179


San Marino High income Population (thousands) Surface area (sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ millions)

32 60 1.6 ..

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

0.6 .. 50,400 ..

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

.. .. .. .. .. .. 12 .. 99 .. .. .. ..

.. 81 .. .. .. .. 5 .. 74 .. .. .. ..

.. 83 .. .. .. .. 2 .. 93 101 97 106 ..

Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

0.0 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

0.0 0.0 .. .. .. .. .. ..

0.0 0.0 .. .. .. .. .. ..

Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

.. 2.1 8.4 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

774 2.2 2.6 .. .. .. .. .. .. 46.4 1.3

1,900 1.9 3.2 .. .. .. .. .. .. 45.8 2.4

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. .. 0.0 0.0 .. ..

.. .. .. 53.8 48.8 .. ..

.. .. .. 76.1 54.2 .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

180

2012

The Little Data Book


São Tomé and Principe Sub-Saharan Africa Population (thousands) Surface area (sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ millions) GNI, PPP ($ millions)

Lower middle income 165 960 198.7 317.8

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

1.8 66.2 1,200 1,930

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

.. 61 5.4 .. .. .. 94 .. 71 78 35 95 ..

5.2 62 4.6 86 29 79 87 10.1 69 46 38 100 ..

.. 64 3.7 60 38 82 80 14.4 92 115 59 102 ..

Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

270 .. 0.3 .. .. 202 0.6 ..

270 0.0 .. 79 21 .. 0.6 ..

270 0.0 0.3 89 26 280 0.8 ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

76.5 11.6 9.3 20 17 63 .. .. .. .. ..

196.8 4.5 13.1 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. .. 0.0 0.0 61.6 ..

192 .. .. 0.0 4.6 68.1 1

10 .. .. 62.1 18.8 .. 14

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

.. 101 150 34.8 –3.2 0.3 –0.1 54.1

41 100 304 25.6 –4.9 0.5 3.8 34.9

63 136 170 6.5 –6.5 2.0 24.6 49.5

Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

The Little Data Book

2012

181


Saudi Arabia High income Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

27.4 2,150 434.1 609.8

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

2.4 .. 16,190 22,750

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

.. 69 5.8 .. .. .. 45 .. 88 .. .. .. ..

.. 71 4.0 27 21 96 26 .. 94 .. .. .. ..

.. 74 2.8 18 24 97 18 5.3 98 93 101 97 ..

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

9.8 .. 680.8 89 .. 3,703 13.3 4,041

9.8 0.0 .. .. .. 5,055 14.9 5,840

9.8 0.0 943.3 .. .. 5,888 16.6 7,427

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

117 8.3 13.1 6 49 45 41 32 15 .. ..

188 4.9 11.6 5 54 41 44 25 19 .. ..

435 3.8 12.4 3 62 35 57 35 22 .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. 36.7 14.0 0.1 0.0 40.6 0

71 35.6 10.6 6.9 2.2 29.9 0

5 81.3 10.4 187.9 41.0 21.5 1

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

59 .. .. .. 538 .. 1.9 15

57 100 .. .. –877 .. –1.9 22

80 223 .. .. 1,056 236 21.6 –131

182

2012

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Senegal Sub-Saharan Africa Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Lower middle income 12.4 197 13.5 23.8

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

2.7 50.8 1,090 1,910

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

3.5 53 6.6 .. 7 47 139 19.0 51 42 15 67 0.2

6.6 56 5.5 110 11 58 119 20.3 48 40 16 82 0.6

6.2 59 4.8 96 12 52 75 14.5 60 59 37 100 0.9

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

93 .. .. 61 38 233 0.4 108

89 0.5 5.7 66 45 252 0.4 106

85 0.5 5.7 72 52 243 0.4 196

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

5.7 –0.7 0.0 20 22 58 25 32 9 .. ..

4.7 3.2 1.9 19 23 58 28 37 20 16.9 –0.9

13.0 4.2 1.4 17 22 61 25 44 29 .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. 2.0 0.0 0.0 27.2 ..

58 .. 1.3 2.6 0.4 29.3 7

5 .. 1.6 67.1 16.0 32.0 1

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

35 172 3.8 21.1 –48 142 57 812

52 100 3.6 16.2 –168 233 63 431

54 99 3.7 4.8 –133 1,346 237 931

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2012

183


Serbia Europe & Central Asia Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Upper middle income 7.3 88 41.0 80.8

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

–0.4 9.2 5,630 11,090

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

.. 71 1.8 .. .. .. 29 .. 82 .. .. .. 0.1

8.0 72 1.5 27 59 98 13 .. 89 .. 90 101 0.1

8.9 74 1.4 20 41 99 7 1.8 95 96 91 101 0.1

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

23 .. .. 99 .. 2,550 5.9 4,629

25 –0.6 .. 99 92 1,771 5.5 4,199

27 –1.0 .. 99 92 1,974 6.8 4,224

.. –8.0 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

6.1 5.3 77.4 20 30 50 24 40 9 .. ..

38.4 1.0 9.0 9 27 64 35 51 23 37.5 –3.9

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

56 4.9 5.5 .. .. 62.7 ..

13 25.2 2.2 136.0 43.1 63.2 ..

.. .. 17.8 .. 27 .. 126 ..

.. .. 11.5 .. –148 .. 52 1,134

69 .. 32.2 30.9 0 3,351 1,340 651

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

184

2012

The Little Data Book


Seychelles Sub-Saharan Africa Population (thousands) Surface area (sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ millions) GNI, PPP ($ millions)

Upper middle income 87 460 844.9 1,835.1

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

–0.9 .. 9,710 21,090

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

.. 71 2.7 .. .. .. 17 5.0 86 .. .. .. ..

5.7 73 2.1 .. .. .. 14 .. 97 107 105 103 ..

3.7 73 2.5 .. .. .. 14 .. 99 133 119 104 ..

Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

410 .. .. .. .. 537 1.6 ..

410 0.0 .. .. .. .. 7.0 ..

410 0.0 .. .. .. 2,411 7.8 ..

Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

369 7.0 5.6 5 16 79 62 67 25 51.1 –4.9

615 4.3 1.3 3 29 68 78 81 25 38.7 –13.9

937 6.2 –0.8 2 19 79 116 124 23 36.4 1.5

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. 4.0 0.0 0.0 56.9 1

.. .. 1.7 32.0 7.2 96.0 2

39 .. 0.8 135.2 40.8 96.5 3

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

66 78 185 9.1 .. 7.5 20 35.6

87 100 304 4.2 .. 3.2 24 23.1

112 76 1,510 5.7 .. 10.8 167 56.0

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2012

185


Sierra Leone Sub-Saharan Africa Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Low income 5.9 72 2.0 4.9

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

2.2 66.4 340 830

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

.. 39 5.7 .. 3 .. 276 25.4 .. .. 16 62 0.1

6.1 40 5.7 146 4 42 233 24.7 37 .. 28 68 0.9

.. 47 5.0 120 8 42 174 21.3 82 74 .. .. 1.6

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

31 .. .. 38 11 .. 0.1 ..

29 0.7 0.3 46 11 .. 0.2 ..

27 0.7 0.3 55 13 .. 0.2 ..

Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

650 3.4 70.6 47 19 34 22 24 10 5.6 ..

636 3.8 6.1 58 28 13 18 39 7 11.4 –9.3

1,905 4.9 14.4 49 21 30 17 30 16 11.8 –3.2

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. 1.4 0.0 0.0 10.6 ..

26 .. 3.7 0.3 0.1 7.9 28

12 .. 2.3 34.1 0.3 .. ..

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

44 .. 1.2 10.0 63 0.0 32.4 59

25 100 1.2 74.8 –150 7.1 39.0 181

58 70 0.8 2.6 60 57.5 86.6 475

186

2012

The Little Data Book


Singapore High income Population (millions) Surface area (sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

5.1 710 203.4 283.3

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

1.8 .. 40,070 55,790

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

.. 76 1.9 .. 65 .. 8 .. 84 .. .. .. 0.1

5.0 78 1.4 7 .. 100 4 3.3 96 .. .. .. 0.1

.. 82 1.2 6 .. .. 3 .. 95 .. .. .. 0.1

Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

20 .. .. 100 99 3,760 15.4 4,983

20 0.0 .. 100 100 4,778 11.8 7,575

20 0.0 .. 100 100 3,704 6.7 7,949

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

36 10.1 4.4 0 32 68 177 167 35 25.4 10.5

96 9.1 3.6 0 35 65 192 180 33 26.2 11.2

209 14.5 –0.5 0 28 72 211 183 24 18.1 8.0

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. 95.0 4.6 1.7 0.0 97.1 40

8 159.3 4.6 68.2 35.0 100.0 63

3 177.3 3.8 145.5 71.1 100.0 50

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

314 116 .. .. 121 .. 5.6 –3.1

284 100 .. .. 254 .. 16.5 ..

317 83 .. .. 722 .. 38.6 ..

The Little Data Book

2012

187


Sint Maarten (Dutch part) High income Population (thousands) Surface area (sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ millions) GNI, PPP ($ millions)

38 34 .. ..

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

–3.3 .. .. ..

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

188

2012

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Slovak Republic High income Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

5.4 49 91.5 124.8

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

0.2 .. 16,840 22,980

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

11.9 71 2.1 .. 74 100 18 .. .. 95 88 102 0.1

9.2 73 1.3 23 .. 100 12 .. 98 94 85 101 0.1

10.1 75 1.4 18 .. 100 8 .. 98 98 89 101 0.1

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

19 .. .. 100 100 4,025 8.6 5,542

19 0.0 2.3 100 100 3,293 6.8 4,956

19 –0.1 1.4 100 100 3,180 6.9 4,925

11.7 –2.7 6.9 7 59 33 27 36 33 .. ..

28.7 1.4 9.4 4 36 59 70 73 26 35.3 –3.2

87.3 4.2 0.5 4 35 61 81 82 23 28.6 –7.3

.. .. 2.0 0.0 0.0 .. ..

103 4.2 1.7 23.1 9.5 87.0 4

18 4.8 1.1 109.1 79.9 87.1 7

91 .. .. .. –35.3 79 199 ..

86 100 .. .. 2.6 18 2,052 ..

151 90 .. .. 36.7 1,591 553 ..

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

The Little Data Book

2012

189


Slovenia High income Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

2.0 20 49.0 54.4

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

0.4 .. 23,900 26,530

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

9.3 73 1.5 .. .. 100 10 .. 90 95 88 103 0.1

8.7 75 1.3 10 .. 100 5 .. 95 96 101 103 0.1

.. 79 1.6 5 .. 100 3 .. 95 95 97 99 0.1

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

12 .. .. 100 100 2,858 6.5 5,335

12 –0.4 .. 100 100 3,224 7.3 5,778

13 –0.2 3.0 99 100 3,462 8.5 6,103

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

17.4 –8.9 94.9 6 42 52 91 79 17 39.8 3.2

20.0 4.3 5.2 3 36 61 54 57 27 38.9 –1.1

46.9 1.4 –1.1 2 32 66 65 65 23 36.9 –5.5

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. 2.2 0.0 0.0 72.0 3

60 12.7 1.1 61.1 15.1 100.0 5

6 20.1 1.6 103.6 69.3 100.0 5

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

102 .. .. .. 20.8 38 111 7.1

95 100 .. .. 24.2 205 136 60.8

127 89 .. .. 22.0 309 366 ..

190

2012

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Solomon Islands East Asia & Pacific Population (thousands) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ millions) GNI, PPP ($ millions)

Lower middle income 538 29 552.4 1,191.7

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

2.6 .. 1,030 2,220

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

.. 57 5.9 .. .. .. 45 16.3 70 61 14 84 ..

.. 63 4.7 71 7 85 35 .. 85 .. 21 90 ..

.. 67 4.2 67 35 70 27 11.5 68 .. 36 94 ..

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

23 .. .. .. .. 172 0.5 ..

23 0.2 .. 70 31 .. 0.4 ..

22 0.2 .. .. .. 129 0.4 ..

Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

303 6.0 7.2 29 5 66 30 65 20 .. ..

435 –14.3 10.7 35 13 53 24 39 7 .. ..

679 7.0 5.6 39 6 55 31 62 .. .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. .. 0.0 0.0 2.1 ..

57 .. .. 0.3 0.5 2.4 ..

43 .. .. 5.6 5.0 .. ..

53 85 120 11.8 –1.9 .. 10 46

37 100 155 7.1 –0.7 4.3 13 68

93 91 215 5.9 0.0 2.9 238 340

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions) The Little Data Book

2012

191


Somalia Sub-Saharan Africa Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ millions) GNI, PPP ($ millions)

Low income 9.3 638 .. ..

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

2.3 .. .. ..

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

.. 45 6.6 .. .. .. 180 .. 30 .. .. .. 0.1

.. 48 6.5 72 8 34 180 22.8 24 .. .. .. 0.2

.. 51 6.3 69 15 33 180 32.8 46 .. 8 53 0.7

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

83 .. .. .. .. .. 0.00 ..

75 1.0 54.8 22 22 .. 0.07 ..

67 1.1 22.4 29 23 .. 0.07 ..

917 –1.5 215.5 65 .. .. 10 38 16 .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. 0.8 0.0 0.0 11.1 ..

.. .. .. 1.1 0.0 11.8 ..

.. .. .. 6.9 1.2 .. ..

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

.. .. 2.4 47.6 –632 .. 6 515

.. 100 2.5 .. –100 .. 0 102

.. 106 2.9 .. –300 .. 112 499

Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

192

2012

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South Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Upper middle income 50.0 1,219 304.6 517.9

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

1.4 23.0 6,090 10,360

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

3.0 62 3.7 .. 57 .. 60 .. 79 76 66 103 0.7

3.1 55 2.9 75 60 91 78 10.1 72 86 85 100 16.1

2.7 52 2.5 54 .. .. 57 8.7 65 .. 94 99 17.8

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

82 .. 29.7 83 71 2,667 9.5 4,431

69 0.0 27.9 86 75 2,600 8.4 4,417

57 0.0 25.0 91 79 2,921 8.9 4,532

112 –0.3 15.5 5 40 55 24 19 18 .. ..

133 4.2 8.8 3 32 65 28 25 16 26.3 –2.0

364 2.8 8.1 3 31 66 26 27 25 28.4 –4.9

.. 123.2 3.7 0.0 0.0 .. 7

38 154.2 1.5 19.0 5.4 20.3 7

19 278.4 1.2 100.8 12.3 .. 4

37 104 .. .. –123 136 –76 270

45 100 24.9 9.8 200 344 969 486

48 139 45.2 4.9 700 1,119 1,224 1,032

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

The Little Data Book

2012

193


South Sudan Sub-Saharan Africa Population (millions) Surface area (sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ millions) GNI, PPP ($ millions)

Lower middle income .. .. .. ..

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

.. 50.6 .. ..

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. 62 3.9 .. .. 19 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

194

2012

The Little Data Book


Spain High income Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

46.1 505 1,462.9 1,465.2

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

0.4 .. 31,750 31,800

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

.. 77 1.3 .. .. .. 11 .. 99 104 102 103 0.4

7.0 79 1.2 9 72 .. 7 .. 94 .. 111 103 0.4

.. 82 1.4 12 66 .. 5 .. 95 102 119 102 0.4

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

138 .. 33.0 100 100 2,319 5.9 3,538

170 –2.1 33.4 100 100 3,029 7.3 5,207

182 –0.7 29.0 100 100 2,781 7.2 6,006

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

521 3.8 7.3 6 34 61 16 19 26 .. ..

581 5.0 3.5 4 29 66 29 32 26 31.1 –0.5

1,407 –0.1 1.0 3 26 72 26 28 23 24.9 –5.2

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. 21.3 1.7 0.1 0.0 99.0 7

114 86.8 1.2 60.3 13.6 99.0 8

28 83.2 1.1 112.0 65.8 .. 6

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

28 .. .. .. –68 2.2 14.0 ..

47 100 .. .. 796 4.9 38.8 ..

40 105 .. .. 2,250 10.5 24.7 ..

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2012

195


Sri Lanka South Asia

Lower middle income

Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

20.9 66 46.7 104.6

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

0.9 8.9 2,240 5,010

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

8.7 70 2.5 .. 66 94 32 .. 80 98 72 102 0.1

6.8 71 2.2 28 70 96 23 22.8 99 107 85 103 0.1

6.9 75 2.3 23 68 99 17 21.6 99 101 .. .. 0.1

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

24 .. 18.5 67 70 318 0.2 151

21 1.2 24.6 80 82 444 0.5 295

19 1.1 24.5 91 92 449 0.6 408

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

8.0 6.4 20.1 26 26 48 30 38 22 21.0 –5.2

16.3 6.0 7.3 20 27 53 39 50 28 16.8 –8.4

49.6 8.0 7.3 13 29 58 22 31 28 14.9 –6.6

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. 11.4 2.3 0.0 0.0 .. 1

58 6.6 5.0 2.3 0.6 85.8 2

35 40.2 2.8 83.2 12.0 .. 1

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

57 82 5.9 16.1 –137 0.4 43 728

77 100 9.1 12.1 –400 1.2 173 275

44 76 20.5 13.0 –250 4.2 478 581

196

2012

The Little Data Book


St. Kitts and Nevis Latin America & Caribbean Population (thousands) Surface area (sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ millions) GNI, PPP ($ millions)

52 260 615.2 830.6

Upper middle income Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

1.2 .. 11,830 15,970

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

.. 68 2.6 .. .. .. 28 .. 99 118 86 99 ..

.. 71 2.1 .. .. 99 16 .. 99 101 97 100 ..

.. .. .. .. 54 100 8 .. 99 89 97 100 ..

Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

110 .. .. 99 96 514 1.6 ..

110 0.0 .. 99 96 .. 2.3 ..

110 0.0 .. 99 96 1,645 4.9 ..

Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

159 2.3 8.7 6 29 65 52 83 55 28.3 0.6

381 2.8 21.5 2 27 71 39 65 47 25.6 –9.0

652 –5.0 1.9 2 16 82 27 45 31 28.9 –3.9

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. .. 0.0 0.0 38.5 5

.. 56.5 .. 2.7 6.1 42.5 1

19 95.7 .. 153.8 76.6 .. 0

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

87 .. 44 3.4 .. 19.3 49 8.1

60 100 156 12.6 .. 27.1 96 3.9

53 73 203 23.2 .. 43.9 120 11.4

The Little Data Book

2012

197


St. Lucia Latin America & Caribbean Population (thousands) Surface area (sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Upper middle income 174 620 1.1 1.8

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

0.9 .. 6,560 10,520

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

.. 71 3.4 .. 47 .. 23 .. 82 124 50 103 ..

.. 71 2.0 65 47 100 18 .. 88 95 73 106 ..

.. 74 2.0 58 .. 100 16 .. 95 90 96 97 ..

Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

440 .. .. 94 58 417 1.2 ..

470 –0.6 .. 95 62 .. 2.1 ..

470 –0.1 .. 96 65 760 2.3 ..

Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

397 23.5 3.2 15 18 67 73 84 26 .. ..

721 0.0 4.1 7 19 74 51 62 29 .. ..

1,198 3.1 5.1 3 17 80 47 60 33 .. ..

.. .. .. 0.0 0.0 .. 1

.. .. .. 1.6 5.1 .. 6

15 .. .. 114.4 40.1 .. 17

100 .. 79 2.2 –4.3 16.1 45 12.3

55 100 221 7.9 –0.9 26.4 54 11.0

59 103 464 7.1 –1.0 31.4 110 41.2

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

198

2012

The Little Data Book


St. Martin (French part) High income Population (thousands) Surface area (sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ millions) GNI, PPP ($ millions)

30 54 .. ..

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

1.4 .. .. ..

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. 0.0 .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. 0.0 .. .. .. .. .. ..

Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

The Little Data Book

2012

199


St. Vincent & Grenadines Latin America & Caribbean Population (thousands) Surface area (sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ millions) GNI, PPP ($ millions)

109 390 688.4 1,184.3

Upper middle income Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

0.1 .. 6,320 10,870

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

.. 69 3.0 .. 58 .. 27 .. 96 .. 60 107 ..

.. 70 2.4 69 58 100 22 .. 95 90 82 106 ..

.. 72 2.1 56 48 99 21 .. 99 94 107 97 ..

Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

250 .. .. .. .. 274 0.8 ..

260 –0.3 .. .. .. .. 1.5 ..

270 –0.3 .. .. .. 642 1.8 ..

Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

198 5.0 6.4 21 23 56 66 77 30 25.6 ..

397 1.8 17.6 9 20 72 45 50 23 25.9 –1.4

705 –1.3 2.1 7 18 75 25 55 23 25.7 –0.8

.. .. .. 0.0 0.0 .. 0

.. .. .. 2.2 3.2 68.0 0

10 .. .. 120.9 69.6 .. 0

110 .. 62 3.2 –6.7 15.6 7.7 15.4

53 100 195 7.2 –7.6 22.5 37.7 6.2

60 118 261 16.4 –5.0 30.6 99.7 16.9

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

200

2012

The Little Data Book


Sudan Sub-Saharan Africa Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Lower middle income 43.6 2,506 55.3 88.6

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

2.5 46.5 1,270 2,030

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

.. 53 6.0 .. 9 69 125 31.8 57 .. 20 78 0.1

.. 57 5.3 79 7 .. 114 38.4 58 37 25 88 0.3

6.8 61 4.4 57 8 49 103 31.7 90 58 39 90 1.1

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

764 .. 51.7 65 27 401 0.2 48

705 0.8 123.8 62 27 396 0.2 63

699 0.1 57.6 58 26 372 0.3 114

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

12.4 –5.5 66.2 41 15 44 4 7 11 .. ..

12.4 8.4 8.7 42 22 37 15 18 18 8.0 –0.4

62.0 4.5 17.6 24 33 43 20 19 23 .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. 2.6 0.0 0.0 33.8 ..

.. .. 4.7 0.1 0.0 36.3 4

36 .. .. 40.5 10.2 .. 29

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

8 100 14.8 9.7 –459 62 –31 848

27 100 16.0 13.3 –227 641 392 225

35 197 21.8 4.2 135 1,974 2,064 2,055

The Little Data Book

2012

201


Suriname Latin America & Caribbean Population (thousands) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Upper middle income 525 164 3.1 4.0

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

0.9 .. 5,920 7,680

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

.. 67 2.7 .. 48 .. 52 .. 65 86 57 116 0.1

3.2 68 2.7 47 42 85 40 11.4 84 98 73 107 1.0

.. 70 2.3 37 46 90 31 7.5 89 86 75 105 1.0

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

148 .. .. .. .. 1,366 4.5 ..

148 0.0 0.8 89 81 .. 4.6 ..

148 0.0 0.5 92 83 1,400 4.7 ..

Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

399 –0.5 43.9 9 24 67 42 44 11 .. ..

892 –0.1 54.8 11 25 64 20 33 12 .. ..

3,251 3.1 2.9 5 39 56 .. .. .. .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. .. 0.0 0.0 24.0 ..

.. .. .. 8.8 2.5 26.0 8

694 .. .. 169.5 31.6 .. 12

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

237 .. .. .. –4.8 0.5 –77 61

104 100 .. .. –5.7 1.3 –148 34

83 132 .. .. –5.0 4.3 –256 104

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Swaziland Sub-Saharan Africa Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Lower middle income 1.1 17 3.1 5.7

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

1.1 69.2 2,950 5,430

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

.. 59 5.7 .. 20 .. 96 .. 85 63 49 .. 2.3

4.5 49 4.2 105 28 70 114 9.1 92 61 42 96 22.3

4.1 48 3.4 74 49 82 78 7.3 94 77 58 94 25.9

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

4.7 .. .. 39 48 358 0.5 ..

5.2 –0.9 39.5 52 52 .. 1.2 ..

5.6 –0.8 23.1 71 57 415 1.1 ..

1,115 9.8 43.8 10 43 46 59 69 15 .. ..

1,490 10.1 0.2 12 45 43 76 90 17 25.6 –0.8

3,645 1.1 6.1 7 50 42 58 77 17 .. ..

.. 1.5 1.3 0.0 0.0 .. ..

.. 4.9 1.6 3.3 1.0 30.0 0

56 6.9 3.4 69.4 9.0 .. 0

109 100 257 5.4 17.1 113 30 53.6

131 100 265 2.2 –12.0 57 91 13.1

89 110 616 2.1 –6.0 109 136 92.0

Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

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203


Sweden High income Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

9.4 450 469.8 372.6

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

0.9 .. 50,100 39,730

1990

2000

2010

.. 78 2.1 .. .. .. 7 .. 96 97 90 102 0.1

9.1 80 1.5 8 .. .. 4 .. 91 100 152 115 0.1

.. 81 2.0 6 .. .. 3 .. 96 94 100 99 0.1

273 274 282 .. 0.0 –0.3 1.8 1.6 1.5 100 100 100 100 100 100 5,515 5,360 5,415 6.0 5.6 5.3 15,836 15,682 14,142

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

244 1.0 8.7 4 31 65 30 30 24 .. ..

247 4.5 1.4 2 29 69 47 40 19 42.2 ..

459 5.6 1.2 2 27 71 50 44 18 34.8 ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. 40.1 2.5 5.4 0.6 .. 13

15 132.8 2.0 71.8 45.6 31.2 23

15 126.7 1.2 116.1 90.0 24.4 14

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

46 .. .. .. 132 153 2.0 ..

65 100 .. .. 49 438 23.9 ..

67 89 .. .. 266 688 5.8 ..

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Switzerland High income Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

7.8 41 559.7 391.0

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

1.1 .. 71,520 49,960

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

.. 77 1.6 .. .. .. 8 .. 90 52 98 97 0.2

7.6 80 1.5 5 .. .. 6 .. 81 96 95 97 0.3

.. 82 1.5 4 .. 100 5 .. 90 95 95 98 0.4

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

12 .. .. 100 100 3,621 6.4 7,503

12 –0.4 6.5 100 100 3,481 5.4 7,846

12 –0.4 4.9 100 100 3,361 5.3 8,021

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

238 3.7 4.6 3 32 65 36 35 30 20.1 0.0

250 3.6 1.1 2 27 71 46 41 23 24.3 2.2

528 2.7 0.1 1 27 72 54 42 19 18.3 1.3

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. 67.2 1.7 1.9 0.6 .. 16

20 317.0 1.1 64.6 47.0 100.0 22

18 232.9 0.9 121.7 82.2 100.0 25

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

56 .. .. .. 131 0.9 5.5 ..

65 100 .. .. 65 1.1 19.8 ..

70 81 .. .. 183 2.6 21.7 ..

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205


Syrian Arab Republic Middle East & North Africa Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

20.4 185 56.3 104.6

Lower middle income Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

2.0 .. 2,750 5,120

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

.. 71 5.3 .. 40 77 38 11.5 87 89 51 85 ..

7.7 74 3.6 48 45 90 23 6.0 84 93 45 92 ..

.. 76 2.9 39 54 96 16 10.1 82 104 72 99 ..

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

3.7 .. .. 86 85 849 3.0 696

4.3 –1.5 97.4 87 88 998 4.0 1,093

4.9 –1.3 99.8 90 95 1,123 3.6 1,563

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

12.3 7.6 19.3 30 25 45 28 28 17 21.9 ..

19.3 2.7 9.7 24 38 38 35 29 17 .. ..

59.1 3.2 6.3 23 31 46 35 36 19 .. ..

.. .. 6.4 0.0 0.0 .. ..

43 .. 5.3 0.2 0.2 93.6 1

13 .. 3.9 57.7 20.7 90.3 2

54 .. 17.4 .. –147 385 40 883

44 100 22.2 6.8 –130 180 270 159

51 140 4.7 3.9 –56 1,646 1,469 137

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

206

2012

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Tajikistan Europe & Central Asia Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Low income 6.9 143 5.5 14.7

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

1.4 46.7 800 2,140

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

.. 63 5.2 .. .. 90 116 .. 68 .. 102 .. 0.1

8.4 64 4.0 33 34 71 93 .. 88 93 74 89 0.1

8.3 67 3.3 27 37 83 63 15.0 94 104 87 90 0.2

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

4.1 .. .. .. .. 1,001 1.3 3,346

4.1 –0.1 18.0 61 90 348 0.4 2,177

4.1 0.0 74.8 64 94 342 0.5 1,985

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

2.6 –0.6 6.2 33 38 29 28 35 25 .. ..

0.9 8.3 22.7 27 39 34 99 101 9 10.6 –0.8

5.6 3.8 15.4 21 22 57 15 61 23 .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. 2.8 0.0 0.0 71.6 ..

.. .. 1.2 0.0 0.0 .. 42

24 .. .. 86.4 11.5 .. ..

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

.. .. 0.0 .. –83 .. 9.0 12

170 100 1.0 12.4 –333 79 23.5 124

73 97 3.0 44.8 –296 2,254 15.8 430

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207


Tanzania Sub-Saharan Africa Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Low income 44.8 947 23.4 62.6

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

3.0 33.4 530 1,430

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

7.4 51 6.2 .. 10 44 155 25.1 80 47 5 97 4.8

7.3 50 5.7 133 25 36 130 25.3 78 55 6 97 7.3

6.8 57 5.5 129 34 49 92 16.2 92 90 27 96 5.6

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

415 .. .. 55 7 382 0.1 51

375 1.0 5.4 54 9 393 0.1 58

334 1.1 5.4 53 10 451 0.2 86

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

4.3 7.0 22.4 46 18 36 13 37 26 .. ..

10.2 4.9 7.6 33 19 47 13 20 17 .. ..

23.1 7.0 7.7 28 25 47 24 38 31 .. ..

.. .. 2.0 0.0 0.0 .. ..

31 2.3 1.3 0.3 0.1 8.6 1

29 5.5 1.0 46.8 11.0 6.7 3

32 107 6.4 32.9 68 .. 0 1.2

22 100 7.1 12.4 –206 8.0 463 1.1

50 139 8.7 3.0 –300 24.8 433 3.0

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ billions)

208

2012

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Thailand East Asia & Pacific Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Upper middle income 69.1 513 286.6 565.8

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

0.6 8.1 4,150 8,190

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

5.9 72 2.1 .. 66 .. 32 16.3 80 .. 29 99 1.0

6.2 73 1.7 44 79 99 18 .. 94 88 62 98 1.8

6.7 74 1.6 40 80 99 13 7.0 98 .. 79 103 1.3

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

195 .. .. 86 84 735 1.7 703

190 0.3 .. 92 94 1,146 3.2 1,443

190 0.0 13.1 96 96 1,504 4.2 2,045

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

85 11.2 5.8 12 37 50 34 42 41 .. ..

123 4.8 1.3 9 42 49 67 58 23 19.5 1.5

319 7.8 3.7 12 45 43 71 64 26 20.3 –0.6

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. 28.0 2.7 0.1 0.0 88.4 21

33 24.0 1.5 4.8 3.7 98.5 33

29 87.2 1.5 103.6 21.2 .. 24

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

66 119 28.1 16.9 505 1.0 2.4 796

107 100 79.7 16.3 596 1.7 3.4 697

119 98 71.3 4.8 492 1.8 9.7 –11

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209


Timor-Leste East Asia & Pacific Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Lower middle income 1.1 15 2.5 4.0

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

2.2 49.9 2,220 3,600

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

.. 46 5.3 .. 25 .. 169 .. .. .. .. .. ..

6.7 56 7.1 71 8 24 104 40.6 56 .. 34 .. ..

9.0 62 5.6 58 22 29 81 45.3 66 65 56 98 ..

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

9.7 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

8.5 1.2 .. 54 39 .. 0.2 ..

7.4 1.4 14.3 69 47 58 0.2 ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

316 13.7 3.0 26 19 56 .. .. 26 .. ..

701 7.4 9.1 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. 0.0 0.0 .. ..

.. .. .. 2.2 0.0 .. ..

103 .. 2.8 53.4 0.2 .. ..

.. .. .. .. 4 .. .. 0

46 .. .. .. –162 .. 5 231

45 .. .. .. –50 .. 280 292

Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

210

2012

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Togo Sub-Saharan Africa Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Low income 6.0 57 3.0 5.4

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

2.1 61.7 490 890

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

.. 53 6.3 .. 34 31 147 21.2 73 35 21 58 0.6

.. 55 5.1 85 26 49 124 23.2 58 69 34 69 3.6

7.6 57 4.1 59 15 60 103 20.5 84 74 46 75 3.2

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

6.9 .. .. 49 13 345 0.2 94

4.9 3.4 1.2 55 13 440 0.3 98

2.9 5.1 1.2 61 13 445 0.2 111

1,628 –0.2 3.0 34 23 44 33 45 27 .. ..

1,329 –0.8 –1.7 34 18 48 31 51 18 .. ..

3,153 3.4 1.4 .. .. .. 42 62 .. 17.6 0.6

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. 3.1 0.0 0.0 21.2 1

65 .. 1.6 1.0 1.9 31.6 1

84 .. 1.8 40.7 5.4 21.0 0

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

52 133 1.3 12.3 1 27 18.2 258

70 100 1.4 6.5 128 34 41.9 70

75 31 1.7 4.4 –5 333 41.1 421

Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

The Little Data Book

2012

211


Tonga East Asia & Pacific Population (thousands) Surface area (sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ millions) GNI, PPP ($ millions)

Lower middle income 104 750 341.7 476.6

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

0.5 .. 3,290 4,580

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

.. 70 4.6 .. .. 92 25 .. 86 128 97 99 ..

.. 71 4.3 22 33 95 20 .. 95 107 106 102 ..

.. 72 3.9 20 24 98 16 .. 99 .. .. .. ..

Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

90 .. .. 100 96 266 0.8 ..

90 0.0 .. 100 96 .. 1.2 ..

90 0.0 .. 100 96 567 1.7 ..

Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

114 –2.0 12.2 36 14 50 34 65 18 .. ..

189 3.4 3.1 23 21 56 15 47 22 .. ..

348 –0.5 3.9 20 18 62 13 60 29 .. ..

.. .. .. 0.0 0.0 .. ..

32 .. .. 0.2 2.4 27.0 0

16 .. .. 52.2 12.0 .. 0

64 .. 44 3.5 –10.9 24.0 0.2 29.8

42 100 65 8.3 –8.7 52.5 4.8 18.8

51 87 144 9.1 –8.2 84.6 16.2 70.5

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

212

2012

The Little Data Book


Trinidad and Tobago High income Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

1.3 5.1 20.6 32.3

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

0.4 .. 15,380 24,050

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

5.5 69 2.4 .. .. .. 37 .. 70 102 85 102 0.2

.. 68 1.6 38 38 96 32 4.4 90 87 76 103 1.2

.. 70 1.6 33 43 98 27 .. 92 91 90 101 1.5

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

2.4 .. .. 88 93 4,912 14.0 2,697

2.3 2.3 0.3 0.3 6.0 6.0 91 94 92 92 8,248 15,158 19.0 37.4 3,916 5,662

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

5.1 1.5 15.5 3 47 50 45 29 13 28.1 –0.2

8.2 6.1 12.9 1 49 49 59 45 20 27.1 2.0

20.6 0.1 4.4 1 52 47 65 38 11 33.5 –4.8

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. 13.7 0.1 0.0 0.0 46.2 0

.. 53.1 .. 12.5 7.7 51.1 1

43 59.0 .. 141.3 48.5 .. 0

61 100 .. .. –62.1 3 109 17.8

93 100 .. .. –19.8 38 680 –1.5

83 134 .. .. –19.8 120 549 4.3

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

The Little Data Book

2012

213


Tunisia Middle East & North Africa Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Upper middle income 10.5 164 43.9 95.6

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

1.0 3.8 4,160 9,060

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

5.9 70 3.6 .. 50 69 49 8.5 93 80 44 85 0.1

6.0 73 2.1 7 66 90 28 3.5 95 88 76 98 0.1

5.9 75 2.0 5 60 95 16 3.3 97 91 90 101 0.1

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

6 .. 73.1 81 74 607 1.6 638

8 –2.7 67.6 90 81 764 2.1 991

10 –1.9 61.7 94 85 881 2.4 1,311

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

12.3 7.9 4.5 18 34 49 44 51 27 30.7 –3.2

21.5 4.3 3.7 11 30 58 40 43 26 26.5 –2.4

44.3 3.7 4.0 8 32 60 49 54 26 29.0 –1.3

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. 4.3 2.0 0.0 0.0 76.1 2

11 13.2 1.5 1.2 2.7 68.4 3

11 24.1 1.2 105.4 36.6 75.2 5

74 109 7.7 27.0 –25.2 551 76 393

67 100 11.3 21.9 –55.6 796 752 222

87 95 21.6 10.4 –20.0 1,970 1,401 551

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

214

2012

The Little Data Book


Turkey Europe & Central Asia Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Upper middle income 72.8 784 719.9 1,129.9

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

1.3 18.1 9,890 15,530

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

.. 63 3.0 .. 63 76 80 8.7 78 88 47 81 0.1

5.6 69 2.4 46 71 83 43 3.5 87 .. 71 82 0.1

5.7 74 2.1 34 73 95 18 .. 97 99 78 95 0.1

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

97 .. 14.8 85 84 975 2.8 926

101 –0.5 18.5 93 87 1,200 3.4 1,643

113 –1.1 18.8 100 90 1,441 4.0 2,298

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

151 9.3 58.2 18 32 50 13 18 25 .. ..

267 6.8 49.2 11 31 57 20 23 21 .. ..

734 9.0 6.3 10 27 64 21 27 20 24.4 –2.2

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. 12.7 3.5 0.1 0.0 .. 1

38 26.1 3.7 25.4 3.8 34.0 5

6 41.8 2.4 84.9 39.8 88.7 2

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ billions)

23 109 49 33.8 –150 3.2 0.7 1.3

31 100 117 38.9 –150 4.6 1.0 0.3

41 92 294 36.7 –50 0.9 9.1 1.0

The Little Data Book

2012

215


Turkmenistan Europe & Central Asia Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Lower middle income 5.0 488 19.1 37.8

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours) Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

216

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1.2 .. 3,790 7,490

1990

2000

2010

6.9 63 4.3 .. .. .. 98 .. 76 .. .. .. ..

6.1 64 2.8 21 62 97 74 10.5 96 .. .. .. ..

.. 65 2.4 18 48 100 56 .. 99 .. .. .. ..

41 41 .. 0.0 .. 1,831.6 .. 83 98 98 5,352 3,223 7.2 7.9 2,293 1,698

41 0.0 100.8 .. 98 3,933 9.7 2,446

3.2 0.7 6.3 32 30 38 39 27 40 .. ..

2.9 18.6 9.8 24 44 31 96 81 35 .. ..

20.0 9.2 –1.8 12 54 34 52 55 59 .. ..

.. .. .. 0.0 0.0 73.5 ..

.. .. 2.9 0.2 0.1 81.2 5

.. .. .. 63.4 2.2 .. ..

.. .. 276 .. –34.7 .. 79 6.6

148 100 2,518 .. –50.0 .. 131 35.3

60 196 422 .. –54.5 .. 2,083 43.3


Turks and Caicos Islands High income Population (thousands) Surface area (sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ millions) GNI, PPP ($ millions)

38 950 .. ..

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

2.9 .. .. ..

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. 88 .. .. .. 99 95 98 ..

.. .. .. .. .. 100 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

340 .. .. 100 .. .. .. ..

340 0.0 .. 100 97 .. 0.8 ..

340 0.0 .. 100 .. .. 4.4 ..

Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. 20

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. 0.0 11.6

.. 100 .. .. .. .. 0.4 6.7

.. 74 .. .. .. .. 96.9 15.4

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions) The Little Data Book

2012

217


Tuvalu East Asia & Pacific Population (thousands) Surface area (sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ millions) GNI, PPP ($ millions)

Lower middle income 10 30 46.7 ..

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

0.2 .. 4,760 ..

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

.. .. .. .. 39 100 57 .. 95 .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. 32 100 44 .. 81 110 80 112 ..

.. .. .. .. 31 98 33 1.6 85 .. .. .. ..

Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

10.0 .. .. 90 80 .. .. ..

10.0 0.0 .. 94 83 .. .. ..

10.0 0.0 .. 98 85 .. .. ..

Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

8.8 3.6 2.6 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

13.9 –1.0 14.5 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

31.4 –1.9 4.0 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. .. 0.0 0.0 .. ..

.. .. .. 0.0 5.2 .. 28

.. .. .. 25.4 25.0 .. ..

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

58 .. .. .. .. .. .. 5.1

36 .. .. .. .. .. –0.9 4.0

52 .. .. .. .. .. 1.5 13.3

218

2012

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Uganda Sub-Saharan Africa Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Low income 33.4 242 16.6 41.8

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

3.2 24.5 500 1,250

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

4.9 47 7.1 .. 5 38 175 19.7 52 .. 11 78 10.2

5.9 46 6.9 180 23 39 144 19.0 57 60 16 91 7.3

5.8 54 6.1 136 24 42 99 16.4 55 57 28 99 6.5

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

48 .. .. 43 27 .. 0.05 ..

39 2.0 0.5 58 30 .. 0.06 ..

30 2.6 0.5 72 34 .. 0.12 ..

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

4.3 6.5 44.4 57 11 32 7 19 13 .. ..

6.2 3.1 11.1 29 23 48 11 22 19 10.8 –1.9

17.0 5.2 9.1 24 25 50 24 34 24 12.6 –0.9

.. .. 3.3 0.0 0.0 .. ..

34 0.6 2.5 0.5 0.2 23.0 4

34 .. 1.7 38.4 12.5 .. 2

10 146 2.6 81.4 233 .. –6 663

31 100 3.5 10.3 –46 238 161 853

36 111 3.0 1.8 –135 915 817 1,730

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions) The Little Data Book

2012

219


Ukraine Europe & Central Asia Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Lower middle income 45.9 604 137.8 303.8

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

–0.4 2.9 3,000 6,620

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

9.5 70 1.8 .. .. 100 21 .. 90 94 96 102 0.1

8.8 68 1.1 35 72 100 18 4.1 99 91 99 100 0.9

9.7 70 1.4 28 67 99 13 .. 94 98 96 99 1.1

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

93 .. .. .. .. 4,852 12.3 4,787

95 –0.3 72.5 97 95 2,721 6.5 2,778

97 –0.2 27.6 98 94 2,507 7.0 3,200

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

81.5 –6.3 16.3 26 45 30 28 29 27 .. ..

31.3 5.9 23.1 17 36 47 62 57 20 26.8 –0.6

137.9 4.2 15.0 8 31 61 50 53 19 34.6 –5.6

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. 0.5 0.0 0.0 93.7 ..

40 6.0 3.6 1.7 0.7 96.7 5

24 28.6 2.7 117.5 44.6 97.8 4

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

.. .. 1 .. 2 .. 200 ..

91 100 12 18.6 –547 33 595 ..

81 119 117 40.7 –40 5,607 6,495 624

220

2012

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United Arab Emirates High income Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

7.5 84 290.9 351.0

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($) 1990

2000

2010

.. 72 4.4 .. .. .. 22 .. 80 97 64 104 ..

.. 75 2.6 26 .. 100 12 .. 94 86 85 102 ..

.. 77 1.7 25 .. 100 7 .. 94 .. .. .. ..

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49) Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

7.9 .. 41,930 50,580

2.5 3.1 3.2 .. –2.4 –0.2 .. 1,679.3 2,032.0 100 100 100 97 97 98 11,258 11,331 8,588 28.8 37.1 25.0 8,594 12,722 11,464

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

51 18.3 3.3 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

104 10.9 11.5 2 50 48 49 41 22 6.5 0.1

298 1.4 8.5 1 54 46 78 69 25 .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. .. 1.9 0.0 94.2 0

19 5.5 6.3 47.1 23.6 100.0 1

13 35.2 5.4 145.4 78.0 .. 3

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

69 .. .. .. 260 .. –116 3.5

81 100 .. .. 469 .. –506 ..

128 163 .. .. 3,077 .. 3,948 ..

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221


United Kingdom High income Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

62.2 244 2,377.2 2,230.6

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

0.7 .. 38,200 35,840

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

.. 76 1.8 .. 70 .. 9 .. 87 .. 84 102 0.1

6.1 78 1.6 29 76 99 7 .. 88 .. 102 101 0.1

.. 80 1.9 30 84 .. 5 .. 93 .. 102 101 0.2

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

26 .. 8.2 100 100 3,597 10.0 5,357

28 –0.7 10.0 100 100 3,785 9.2 6,115

29 –0.3 8.8 100 100 3,282 8.5 5,692

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

1,013 0.8 7.7 2 34 64 24 26 20 .. ..

1,477 4.5 0.6 1 27 72 28 29 18 37.1 1.6

2,262 2.1 2.9 1 22 78 30 33 15 36.0 –10.9

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. 83.8 3.8 1.9 0.1 100.0 24

13 174.5 2.4 73.8 26.8 100.0 32

13 137.4 2.6 130.3 84.7 100.0 21

40 .. .. .. 99 2.1 34 ..

43 100 .. .. 429 3.6 122 ..

43 103 .. .. 1,020 7.5 53 ..

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

222

2012

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United States High income Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

309.3 9,832 14,645.6 14,635.6

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

0.8 .. 47,340 47,310

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

.. 75 2.1 .. 71 99 11 .. 90 .. 92 99 0.5

5.4 77 2.1 46 73 99 9 1.1 91 99 93 100 0.5

.. 78 2.1 33 79 .. 8 .. 92 104 96 100 0.6

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

2,963 .. 16.4 99 100 7,672 19.5 11,713

3,002 3,040 –0.1 –0.1 16.8 15.6 99 99 100 100 8,057 7,225 19.5 18.0 13,671 12,914

5,751 1.9 3.8 2 28 70 10 11 18 .. ..

9,899 14,587 4.2 3.0 2.2 0.8 1 1 23 20 75 79 11 13 15 16 21 15 20.1 16.9 0.5 –10.0

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. 53.2 5.3 2.1 0.8 .. 33

6 152.6 3.0 38.8 43.1 66.2 34

6 117.5 4.8 90.2 74.2 67.4 20

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (millions) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

16 103 .. .. 3.8 1.2 48 ..

21 100 .. .. 8.5 4.4 321 ..

22 97 .. .. 5.0 5.3 236 ..

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223


Uruguay Latin America & Caribbean Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Upper middle income 3.4 176 34.3 45.7

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

0.3 18.6 10,230 13,620

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

5.3 72 2.5 .. .. .. 23 .. 97 95 81 .. 0.1

4.7 75 2.2 65 77 100 17 5.4 89 97 98 105 0.3

4.9 76 2.0 60 78 100 11 .. 95 106 90 104 0.5

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

9 .. .. 96 94 724 1.3 1,245

14 –4.4 5.3 98 96 937 1.6 2,043

17 –2.1 2.6 100 100 1,224 2.5 2,671

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

9.3 0.3 106.8 9 35 56 24 18 12 23.8 0.5

22.8 –1.9 3.5 7 25 69 17 20 14 24.7 –3.0

39.1 8.5 5.1 9 26 65 27 26 19 30.9 –0.9

.. 1.7 2.9 0.0 0.0 .. 3

45 0.7 1.3 12.4 10.6 10.0 2

7 0.4 1.5 132.2 47.9 .. 6

33 116 4.4 40.8 –30.0 .. 42 52.4

25 100 8.4 27.2 –26.0 0 269 17.4

39 100 11.3 12.4 –50.0 103 1,627 49.0

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

224

2012

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Uzbekistan Europe & Central Asia Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Lower middle income 28.2 447 36.1 87.7

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

1.6 .. 1,280 3,110

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

10.6 67 4.1 .. .. .. 77 .. 84 .. 101 .. 0.1

7.8 67 2.6 25 67 96 63 7.1 99 95 88 98 0.1

.. 68 2.5 13 65 100 52 4.4 98 93 106 98 0.1

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

30 .. .. 90 84 2,261 5.3 2,383

32 –0.5 364.8 89 91 2,058 4.9 1,780

33 –0.2 118.3 87 100 1,758 4.6 1,636

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

13.4 1.6 4.0 33 33 34 29 48 32 .. ..

13.8 3.8 47.3 34 23 43 25 22 16 .. ..

39.0 8.5 18.5 20 35 45 31 31 26 .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. .. 0.0 0.0 79.0 ..

29 0.2 1.2 0.2 0.5 87.3 ..

14 .. .. 74.2 19.4 .. ..

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

.. .. 0.1 .. –451 .. 9 2

40 100 4.6 .. –400 .. 75 186

52 152 7.4 .. –518 .. 822 229

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2012

225


Vanuatu East Asia & Pacific Population (thousands) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ millions) GNI, PPP ($ millions)

Lower middle income 240 12 633.4 1,035.4

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

2.5 .. 2,640 4,310

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

.. 63 4.9 .. 15 .. 39 .. 66 83 18 93 ..

.. 68 4.5 60 28 88 23 .. 61 92 35 101 ..

.. 71 3.9 52 38 74 14 11.7 52 83 55 97 ..

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

4.4 .. .. 62 .. 159 0.5 ..

4.4 0.0 .. 76 41 .. 0.4 ..

4.4 0.0 .. 90 57 157 0.4 ..

Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

158 11.7 –1.0 21 14 65 47 73 33 26.1 –7.8

272 5.9 2.2 23 11 66 39 48 20 19.4 –0.7

699 3.0 2.8 20 10 70 47 54 25 .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. .. 0.0 0.0 21.6 20

39 .. .. 0.2 2.1 23.9 0

35 .. .. 118.9 8.0 .. 2

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

73 .. 38 2.3 –2.5 8.2 13.1 50

42 100 74 1.1 –7.1 34.7 20.3 46

48 92 148 1.7 0.0 6.4 38.9 108

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Venezuela, RB Latin America & Caribbean Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

28.8 912 334.1 350.2

Upper middle income Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

1.6 28.5 11,590 12,150

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

4.5 71 3.4 .. 58 .. 33 6.7 61 79 55 105 ..

4.0 73 2.8 93 70 94 25 3.9 84 83 60 105 ..

4.3 74 2.5 88 .. .. 18 3.7 79 94 83 102 ..

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

520 .. .. 90 82 2,205 6.2 2,463

492 0.6 1.3 92 89 2,321 6.3 2,655

463 0.6 0.7 .. .. 2,357 6.1 3,152

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

47 6.5 41.7 5 61 34 39 20 10 24.5 3.0

117 3.7 29.5 4 50 46 30 18 24 21.2 –1.2

392 –1.5 46.7 4 54 42 29 17 21 .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. 17.8 1.9 0.0 0.0 35.6 4

141 6.9 1.5 22.4 3.4 33.6 3

141 1.0 0.9 96.7 35.9 .. 5

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

53 90 33.2 23.3 75.0 1 0.5 76.4

42 100 42.3 16.8 40.0 17 4.7 76.1

27 216 55.6 8.8 40.0 143 1.2 53.3

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Vietnam East Asia & Pacific Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Lower middle income 86.9 331 101.1 267.0

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

1.0 14.5 1,160 3,070

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

7.8 65 3.6 .. 53 .. 51 40.7 88 .. 35 .. 0.1

7.5 72 2.0 26 74 70 35 26.7 97 98 64 93 0.2

7.4 75 1.8 24 80 88 23 20.2 98 .. 77 102 0.4

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

94 .. .. 57 37 368 0.3 98

117 –2.3 .. 77 56 476 0.7 295

138 –1.6 9.3 95 76 745 1.5 918

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

6.5 5.1 42.1 39 23 39 36 45 13 .. ..

31.2 6.8 3.4 25 37 39 55 57 30 .. ..

106.4 6.8 11.9 21 41 38 78 88 39 .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. 7.9 0.0 0.0 23.5 ..

63 0.4 2.1 1.0 0.3 43.9 11

44 19.2 2.2 177.2 27.9 47.6 6

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions) Net official development assistance received ($ billions)

80 .. 23.3 .. –332 .. 0.2 0.2

97 100 12.8 7.5 –287 1.3 1.3 1.7

148 101 35.1 1.7 –431 8.3 8.0 2.9

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Virgin Islands (U.S.) High income Population (thousands) Surface area (sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ millions)

110 350 .. ..

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

0.0 .. .. ..

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

.. 75 3.1 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. 78 2.1 43 78 98 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. 79 1.8 24 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

240 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

220 0.7 .. .. .. .. .. ..

200 0.8 .. .. .. .. .. ..

1,565 7.1 4.1 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. 0.0 0.0 .. ..

.. .. .. 32.2 13.8 .. ..

.. .. .. .. 27.2 .. ..

.. .. .. .. –11.5 .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. –5.1 .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. –3.6 .. .. ..

Economy GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

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2012

229


West Bank and Gaza Middle East & North Africa Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Lower middle income 4.2 6.0 .. ..

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

2.7 21.9 .. ..

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

.. 68 6.5 .. .. .. 45 .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. 71 5.4 81 51 97 31 .. .. 98 81 102 ..

7.4 73 4.5 50 50 99 22 2.2 .. 95 86 104 ..

Environment Forests (sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

90 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

90 0.0 34.4 92 89 .. 0.3 ..

90 –0.1 49.9 85 92 .. 0.5 ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

4.1 –5.6 2.9 .. .. .. 16 71 33 .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. 0.0 0.0 .. ..

106 18.6 .. 0.2 1.2 100.0 ..

49 .. .. 44.5 36.4 91.7 ..

.. .. .. .. –39.4 .. .. 179

.. .. .. .. 70.0 1.0 62 685

.. .. .. .. –90.0 1.2 264 2,519

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ millions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

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Yemen, Rep. Middle East & North Africa Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Lower middle income 24.1 528 28.1 60.1

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

3.1 34.8 1,170 2,500

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

.. 56 8.7 .. 10 16 128 29.6 69 .. .. .. ..

7.4 60 6.5 98 23 27 100 43.1 71 56 43 55 ..

7.2 65 5.2 71 28 36 77 .. 73 63 44 75 ..

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

5.5 .. 139.1 67 24 210 0.8 123

5.5 0.0 161.4 60 39 267 0.8 139

5.5 0.0 168.6 55 53 324 1.0 219

5.6 6.3 12.0 24 34 41 12 17 12 16.2 –6.7

9.6 6.2 23.3 14 46 40 41 34 19 23.4 –2.3

31.3 8.0 24.7 8 29 63 30 34 12 .. ..

.. .. 6.6 0.0 0.0 9.1 ..

72 .. 4.9 0.2 0.1 .. 0

12 .. 4.4 46.1 12.3 8.7 0

40 .. 6.4 11.1 –50 1.5 –131 450

66 100 5.1 5.9 –100 1.3 6 311

59 150 6.3 2.8 –135 1.2 56 666

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ billions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

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Zambia Sub-Saharan Africa Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Lower middle income 12.9 753 13.8 17.8

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

1.6 59.3 1,070 1,380

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

3.0 47 6.5 .. 15 51 183 21.2 90 .. 21 87 12.7

6.2 42 6.1 153 22 47 157 19.6 85 63 20 91 14.4

3.6 48 6.3 142 41 47 111 14.9 91 103 .. 96 13.5

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

528 .. 1.7 49 46 687 0.3 779

511 0.3 2.2 54 47 612 0.2 610

495 0.3 1.7 61 48 617 0.2 635

3.3 –0.5 106.4 21 51 28 36 37 17 20.4 ..

3.2 3.6 30.0 22 25 52 27 41 17 19.7 1.8

16.2 7.6 11.7 9 37 54 44 35 22 17.4 –1.5

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. .. 3.7 0.0 0.0 16.6 2

35 7.3 1.8 1.0 0.2 22.0 0

18 17.4 1.7 42.1 10.1 .. 1

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

77 207 6.9 14.7 28.6 .. 203 475

55 100 5.7 20.8 83.5 36.3 122 795

77 189 3.7 1.9 –85.0 43.7 1,041 913

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

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Zimbabwe Sub-Saharan Africa Population (millions) Surface area (1,000 sq. km) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI, PPP ($ millions)

Low income 12.6 391 5.8 ..

Population growth (%) National poverty rate (% of pop.) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) GNI per capita, PPP ($)

0.8 72.0 460 ..

1990

2000

2010

People Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%) Life expectancy at birth (years) Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women 15–19) Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) HIV prevalence rate (% population of ages 15–49)

.. 61 5.2 .. 43 70 78 8.0 87 94 47 96 10.1

.. 45 3.9 88 54 73 115 11.5 75 90 45 94 24.8

.. 50 3.3 58 59 66 80 14.0 84 .. .. .. 14.3

Environment Forests (1,000 sq. km) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 1990–2000 and 2000–2010) Freshwater use (% of internal resources) Access to improved water source (% total pop.) Access to improved sanitation facilities (% total pop.) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons) Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

222 .. .. 79 41 888 1.5 862

189 1.6 21.0 80 40 790 1.1 853

156 1.9 21.0 80 40 763 0.7 1,026

Economy GDP ($ billions) GDP growth (annual %) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) Value added in industry (% of GDP) Value added in services (% of GDP) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

8.8 7.0 –0.9 16 33 50 23 23 17 24.1 –2.6

6.6 –2.7 0.3 18 25 57 39 36 14 .. ..

7.5 9.0 17.5 17 29 53 37 56 1 .. ..

States and markets Starting a business (days) Stock market capitalization (% of GDP) Military expenditures (% of GDP) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) Paved roads (% of total) High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

.. 27.3 4.7 0.0 0.0 14.0 1

97 36.8 5.2 2.1 0.4 19.0 2

90 153.6 1.3 61.3 11.5 .. 1

Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Total external debt stocks ($ billions) Total debt service (% of exports) Net migration (thousands) Remittances received ($ millions) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

41 98 3.3 23.1 121 0.8 –12 334

57 100 3.8 .. –200 .. 23 176

84 107 5.0 .. –900 .. 105 738

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Notes a. Includes Taiwan, China. b. Includes Hong Kong SAR, China. c. Estimates differ from statistics of the government of China, which has published the following estimates for military expenditure: 1.2 percent of GDP in 2000 and 1.5 percent in 2009 (see National Bureau of Statistics of China, www.stats.gov.cn).

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Glossary Access to improved sanitation is the percentage of population with adequate access to excreta disposal facilities (private or shared, but not public) that can effectively prevent human, animal, and insect contact with excreta. Improved facilities range from simple but protected pit latrines to flush toilets with a sewerage connection. To be effective, facilities must be correctly constructed and properly maintained. (World Health Organization) Access to improved water source is the percentage of the population with reasonable access to an adequate amount of water from an improved source, such as piped water into a dwelling, plot, or yard; public tap or standpipe; tube-well or borehole; protected dug well or spring; or rainwater collection. Unimproved sources include an unprotected dug well or spring, cart with small tank or drum, bottled water, and tanker trucks. Reasonable access to an adequate amount means the availability of at least 20 liters a person a day from a source within 1 kilometer of the dwelling. (World Health Organization) Adolescent fertility is the number of births per 1,000 women ages 15–19. (United Nations Population Division) Births attended by skilled health staff are the percentage of deliveries attended by personnel trained to give the necessary supervision, care, and advice to women during pregnancy, labor, and the postpartum period; to conduct deliveries on their own; and to care for newborns. (United Nations Children’s Fund and Macro International) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita are emissions stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement divided by midyear population. They include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring. (Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center) Central government cash surplus/deficit is revenue (including grants) minus expense, minus net acquisition of nonfinancial assets. Before 2005 nonfinancial assets were included under revenue and expenditure in gross terms. The concept of cash surplus or deficit is close to the earlier overall budget balance (still missing is lending minus repayments, which is brought into the balance sheet as a financing item under net acquisition of financial assets). (International Monetary Fund) Central government revenue is cash receipts from taxes, social contributions, and other revenues such as fines, fees, rent, and income from property or sales. Grants are also considered revenue but are excluded here. (International Monetary Fund) Child immunization, measles, is the percentage of children ages 12–23 months at the time of the survey who received a dose of measles vaccine by age 12 months or at any time before the interview date. A child is considered adequately immunized against measles after receiving one dose of the vaccine. (World Health Organization and United Nations Children’s Fund)

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Glossary Child malnutrition, underweight, is the percentage of children under age five whose weight for age is more than two standard deviations below median for the international reference population ages 0–59 months. The data conform to the new Child Growth Standards released by the World Health Organization in 2006. (World Health Organization) Contraceptive prevalence is the percentage of women married or in-union ages 15–49 who are practicing, or whose sexual partners are practicing, any form of contraception. (United Nations Children’s Fund and Macro International) Deforestation is the permanent conversion of natural forest areas to other uses, including shifting cultivation, permanent agriculture, ranching, settlements, and infrastructure development. Deforested areas do not include areas logged but intended for regeneration or areas degraded by fuelwood gathering, acid precipitation, or forest fires. Negative numbers indicate an increase in forest area. (Food and Agriculture Organization) Electricity use per capita is the production of power plants and combined heat and power plants less transmission, distribution, and transformation losses and own use by heat and power plants plus imports less exports divided by midyear population. (International Energy Agency) Energy use per capita is the use of primary energy before transformation to other end-use fuels, which is equal to indigenous production plus imports and stock changes, minus exports and fuels supplied to ships and aircraft engaged in international transportation, divided by midyear population. (International Energy Agency) Exports of goods and services are the value of all goods and other market services provided to the rest of the world, including the value of merchandise, freight, insurance, transport, travel, royalties, license fees, and other services. Compensation of employees, investment income (formerly called factor services), and transfer payments are excluded. (World Bank, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, and United Nations) Foreign direct investment, net inflows, are investments to acquire a lasting management interest in an enterprise operating in an economy other than that of the investor. They are the sum of inflows of equity capital, reinvestment of earnings, other long-term capital, and short-term capital as shown in the balance of payments. Net inflows refer to new investments made during the reporting period netted against disinvesments. (World Bank and International Monetary Fund) Forests are land under natural or planted stands of trees, whether productive or not. (Food and Agriculture Organization) Freshwater use is total freshwater withdrawals for domestic, industrial, and agricultural use, not counting evaporation losses from storage basins. Inter-

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Glossary nal resources refer to internal renewable resources only (flows of rivers and groundwater from rainfall in the country). Withdrawals can exceed 100 percent of internal renewable resources because river flows from other countries are not included, because extraction from nonrenewable aquifers or desalination plants is considerable, or because there is significant water reuse. (Food and Agriculture Organization and World Resources Institute) GDP is gross domestic product at purchaser prices. It is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources. (World Bank, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, and United Nations) GDP growth is the one-year rate of growth in real gross domestic product. (World Bank and Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development) GDP implicit price deator is the one-year rate of price change in the economy as a whole. (World Bank, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, and United Nations) GNI is gross national income. It is calculated as gross domestic product (GDP) plus net receipts of primary income (employee compensation and investment income) from abroad. GDP is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output. (World Bank) GNI per capita is gross national income (GNI) converted to U.S. dollars using the World Bank Atlas method divided by midyear population. GNI is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. GNI, calculated in national currency, is usually converted to U.S. dollars at official exchange rates for comparisons across economies. The World Bank Atlas method is used to smooth fluctuations in prices and exchange rates. It averages the exchange rate for a given year and the two preceding years, adjusted for differences in rates of inflation between the country and the Euro area, Japan, the United Kingdom, and the United States. (World Bank) GNI, PPP, is gross national income (GNI) converted to international dollars using purchasing power parities (PPP). An international dollar has the same purchasing power over GNI that a U.S. dollar has in the United States. (World Bank) GNI per capita, PPP, is gross national income (GNI) converted to international dollars using purchasing power parities (PPP), divided by midyear population. An international dollar has the same purchasing power over GNI that a U.S. dollar has in the United States. (World Bank)

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Glossary Gross capital formation is outlays on additions to the fixed assets of the economy plus net changes in the level of inventories. Fixed assets include land improvements (fences, ditches, drains, and so on); plant, machinery, and equipment purchase; and the construction of roads, railways, and the like, including schools, offices, hospitals, private residential dwellings, and commercial and industrial buildings. Inventories are stocks of goods held by firms to meet temporary or unexpected fluctuations in production or sales and work in progress. According to the 1993 System of National Accounts, net acquisitions of valuables are also considered capital formation. (World Bank, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, and United Nations) Gross secondary enrollment, total, is the ratio of total enrollment in secondary education, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to secondary education. Secondary education completes the provision of basic education that begins at the primary level and aims at laying the foundations for lifelong learning and human development by offering more subject- or skill-oriented instruction using more specialized teachers. (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization Institute for Statistics) High-technology exports are products with high research and development intensity, as in aerospace, computers, pharmaceuticals, scientific instruments and electrical machinery. (United Nations Statistics Division’s Commodity Trade database) HIV prevalence rate is the percentage of people ages 15–49 who are infected with HIV. (Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS and World Health Organization) Imports of goods and services are the value of all goods and other market services received from the rest of the world, including the value of merchandise, freight, insurance, transport, travel, royalties, license fees and other services. Labor and property income (formerly called factor services) and transfer payments are excluded. (World Bank, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, and United Nations) Internet users are people with access to the worldwide network. (International Telecommunication Union) Life expectancy at birth is the number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of birth were to stay the same throughout life. (Eurostat, United Nations Population Division, and World Bank) Merchandise trade is the sum of merchandise exports and imports measured in current U.S. dollars as a percentage of GDP. (World Trade Organization and World Bank) Military expenditures data from SIPRI are derived from the NATO definition, which includes all current and capital expenditures on the armed forces, in-

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Glossary cluding peacekeeping forces; defense ministries and other government agencies engaged in defense projects; paramilitary forces, if these are judged to be trained and equipped for military operations; and military space activities. Such expenditures include military and civil personnel, including retirement pensions of military personnel and social services for personnel; operation and maintenance; procurement; military research and development; and military aid (in the military expenditures of the donor country). Excluded are civil defense and current expenditures for previous military activities, such as for veterans’ benefits, demobilization, conversion, and destruction of weapons. This definition cannot be applied for all countries, however, since that would require much more detailed information than is available about what is included in military budgets and off-budget military expenditure items. (For example, military budgets might or might not cover civil defense, reserves and auxiliary forces, police and paramilitary forces, dual-purpose forces such as military and civilian police, military grants in kind, pensions for military personnel, and social security contributions paid by one part of government to another.) (Stockholm International Peace Research Institute) Mobile cellular subscriptions are subscriptions to a public mobile telephone service using cellular technology, which provide access to the public switched telephone network. Post-paid and prepaid subscriptions are included. (International Telecommunication Union) National poverty rate is the percentage of the population living below the national poverty line. National estimates are based on population-weighted subgroup estimates from household surveys. Data are for most recent estimate since 2000. Figures in italics are for years other than 2010. (World Bank) Net barter terms of trade index is the ratio of the export unit value index to the corresponding import unit value index measured relative to the base year 2000. (United Nations Conference on Trade and Development and International Monetary Fund) Net migration is the total number of immigrants less the total number of emigrants, including both citizens and noncitizens, during the period. Data are five-year estimates for 1985–90, 1995–2000, and 2005–10. (United Nations Population Division) Net official development assistance received is official development assistance flows (net of repayment of principal) as defined by the Development Assistance Committee (DAC) that are made to countries and territories on the DAC list of aid recipients. (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development) Paved roads are roads surfaced with crushed stone (macadam) and hydrocarbon binder or bituminized agents, with concrete, or with cobblestones, as a percentage of all the country’s roads, measured in length. (International Road Federation)

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Glossary Population is the midyear estimate of all residents regardless of legal status citizenship, except for refugees not permanently settled in the country of asylum who are generally considered part of the population of their country of origin. (Eurostat, United Nations Population Division, and World Bank) Population growth is the exponential growth rate from the previous midyear population. (World Bank) Primary completion rate, total, is the percentage of students completing the last year of primary school. It is calculated by dividing the total number of students in the last grade of primary school minus the number of repeaters in that grade by the total number of children of official completing age. Because of the change from the International Standard Classification of Education 1976 (ISCED76) to ISCED97, data for years before 1999 are not fully comparable with data for 1999 onward. (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization Institute for Statistics) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school is the ratio of the female to male gross enrollment rate in primary and secondary school. (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization Institute for Statistics) Remittances received are current transfers by migrant workers and wages and salaries earned by nonresident workers. (International Monetary Fund and World Bank) Share of poorest 20% in national consumption or income is the share of total national income or consumption that accrues to the poorest quintile. (World Bank) Starting a business is the number of calendar days needed to complete the procedures to legally operate a business. If a procedure can be expedited at additional cost, the fastest procedure, independent of cost, is chosen. Data listed for 2010 are for June 2011. (World Bank) Stock market capitalization is the share price times the number of shares outstanding. (Standard and Poor’s) Surface area is a country’s total area, including areas under inland bodies of water and some coastal waterways. (Food and Agriculture Organization) Total debt service is the sum of principal repayments and interest actually paid on long-term debt (public and publicly guaranteed and private nonguaranteed); interest paid on short-term debt; and repayments (repurchases and charges) to the International Monetary Fund, expressed as a percentage of exports of goods and services and income. Exports of goods and services and income are the total value of exports of goods and services, receipts of compensation of nonresident workers, and investment income from abroad. (World Bank and International Monetary Fund)

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Glossary Total external debt stocks are debt owed to nonresident creditors and repayable in foreign currencies, goods, or services by public and private entities in the country. They are the sum of long-term external debt, short-term debt, and use of International Monetary Fund credit. Debt repayable in domestic currency is excluded. (World Bank) Total fertility is the number of children that would be born to a woman if she were to live to the end of her childbearing years and bear children in accordance with current age-specific fertility rates. (Eurostat, United Nations Population Division, and World Bank) Under-five mortality rate is the probability that a newborn baby will die before age five if subject to current age-specific mortality rates. (United Nations Children’s Fund, World Health Organization, World Bank, and United Nations Population Division) Value added in agriculture is the net output of agriculture (International Standard Industrial Classification divisions 1–5 including forestry and fishing) after totaling outputs and subtracting intermediate outputs. (World Bank, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, and United Nations) Value added in industry is the net output of industry (International Standard Industrial Classification divisions 10–45, which includes mining, manufacturing, construction, electricity, water, and gas) after totaling outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. (World Bank, Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development, and United Nations) Value added in services is the net output of services (International Standard Industrial Classification divisions 50–99) after totaling outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. This sector is derived as a residual and may not properly reflect the sum of services outputs, including banking and financial services. (World Bank, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, and United Nations)

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Web site: data.worldbank.org Email: data@worldbank.org

AFGHANISTAN ALBANIA ALGERIA AMERICAN SAMOA ANDORRA ANGOLA ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA ARGENTINA ARMENIA ARUBA AUSTRALIA AUSTRIA AZERBAIJAN THE BAHAMAS BAHRAIN BANGLADESH BARBADOS BELARUS BELGIUM BELIZE BENIN BERMUDA BHUTAN BOLIVIA BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA BOTSWANA BRAZIL BRUNEI DARUSSALAM BULGARIA BURKINA FASO BURUNDI CAMBODIA CAMEROON CANADA CAPE VERDE CAYMAN ISLANDS CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC CHAD CHANNEL ISLANDS CHILE CHINA COLOMBIA COMOROS DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF CONGO REPUBLIC OF CONGO COSTA RICA CÔTE D’IVOIRE CROATIA CUBA CURA¸¸CAO CYPRUS CZECH REPUBLIC DENMARK DJIBOUTI DOMINICA DOMINICAN REPUBLIC ECUADOR ARAB REPUBLIC OF EGYPT EL SALVADOR EQUATORIAL GUINEA ERITREA ESTONIA ETHIOPIA FAEROE ISLANDS FIJI FINLAND FRANCE FRENCH POLYNESIA GABON THE GAMBIA GEORGIA GERMANY GHANA GREECE GREENLAND GRENADA GUAM GUATEMALA GUINEA GUINEA-BISSAU GUYANA HAITI HONDURAS HONG KONG SAR, CHINA HUNGARY ICELAND INDIA INDONESIA ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF IRAN IRAQ IRELAND ISLE OF MAN ISRAEL ITALY JAMAICA JAPAN JORDAN KAZAKHSTAN KENYA KIRIBATI DEMOCRATIC PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF KOREA REPUBLIC OF KOREA KOSOVO KUWAIT KYRGYZ REPUBLIC LAO PEOPLE’S DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC LATVIA LEBANON LESOTHO LIBERIA LIBYA LIECHTENSTEIN LITHUANIA LUXEMBOURG MACAO, SAR CHINA FORMER YUGOSLAV REPUBLIC OF MACEDONIA MADAGASCAR MALAWI MALAYSIA MALDIVES MALI MALTA MARSHALL ISLANDS MAURITANIA MAURITIUS MAYOTTE MEXICO FEDERATED STATES OF MICRONESIA MOLDOVA MONACO MONGOLIA MONTENEGRO MOROCCO MOZAMBIQUE MYANMAR NAMIBIA NEPAL NETHERLANDS NEW CALEDONIA NEW ZEALAND NICARAGUA NIGER NIGERIA NORTHERN MARIANA ISLANDS NORWAY OMAN PAKISTAN PALAU PANAMA PAPUA NEW GUINEA PARAGUAY PERU PHILIPPINES POLAND PORTUGAL PUERTO RICO QATAR ROMANIA RUSSIAN FEDERATION RWANDA SAMOA SAN MARINO SÃO TOMÉ AND PRÍNCIPE SAUDI ARABIA SENEGAL SERBIA SEYCHELLES SIERRA LEONE SINGAPORE SINT MAARTEN SLOVAK REPUBLIC SLOVENIA SOLOMON ISLANDS SOMALIA SOUTH AFRICA SOUTH SUDAN SPAIN SRI LANKA ST. KITTS AND NEVIS ST. LUCIA ST. MARTIN ST. VINCENT AND GRENADINES SUDAN SURINAME SWAZILAND SWEDEN SWITZERLAND SYRIAN ARAB REPUBLIC TAJIKISTAN TANZANIA THAILAND TIMOR-LESTE TOGO TONGA TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO TUNISIA TURKEY TURKMENISTAN TURKS AND CAICOS GIBRALTAR UGANDA UKRAINE UNITED ARAB EMIRATES UNITED KINGDOM UNITED STATES URUGUAY UZBEKISTAN VANUATU REPÚBLICA BOLIVARIANA DE VENEZUELA VIETNAM U.S. VIRGIN ISLANDS WEST BANK AND GAZA REPUBLIC OF YEMEN ZAMBIA ZIMBABWE

The Little Data Book 2012  

This pocket-sized reference on key development data for over 200 countries provides profiles of each country with 54 development indicators...

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