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From World Development Indicators

The Little Data Book on Climate Change

Climate Exposure to impacts Resilience GHG emissions and energy use National-level actions Carbon markets


2011

THE LITTLE DATA BOOK ON CLIMATE CHANGE


Copyright Š2012 by the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development/THE WORLD BANK 1818 H Street, N.W. Washington, D.C. 20433 U.S.A. All rights reserved Manufactured in the United States of America First printing November 2011 ISBN: 978-0-8213-8959-1 eISBN: 978-0-8213-8964-5 DOI: 10.1596/978-0-8213-8959-1 SKU: 18959 The Little Data Book on Climate Change 2011 is a product of the Development Data Group of the Development Economics Vice Presidency, the Environment Department, and the Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery Group of the World Bank. Cover design by Peter Grundy Art & Design, London, U.K. Design by Communications Development Incorporated, Washington, D.C.


Contents Acknowledgments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . iv Foreword. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .v User guide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . vi

Regional tables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 World . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 East Asia and Pacific . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Europe and Central Asia. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Latin America and the Caribbean . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Middle East and North Africa . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 South Asia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Sub-Saharan Africa . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8

Income and other group tables. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Low income. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Middle income. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 Lower middle income . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Upper middle income . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Low and middle income . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 High income . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Euro area . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 Small island developing states . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17

Country tables (in alphabetical order) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18

Renewable energy in 2010. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 237

Urban areas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 240 Summary of national actions: Renewable energy targets and non-Annex-I country GHG emissions reduction goals. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 241 Glossary. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 244 References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 253

The Little Data Book on Climate Change

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Acknowledgments The Little Data Book on Climate Change 2011 is based on the World Development Indicators database. Defining, gathering, and disseminating international statistics is a collective effort of many people and organizations. The indicators presented in these resources are results of decades of work at many levels, from the field workers who administer censuses and household surveys to the committees and working parties of the national and international statistical agencies that develop the nomenclature, classifications, and standards fundamental to the international statistical system. Nongovernmental organizations have also made important contributions. We are indebted to many external partners as detailed in World Development Indicators 2011 who have provided substantial help, guidance, and data. The Little Data Book on Climate Change 2011 is the result of close collaboration between the staff of the Development Data Group of the Development Economics Vice Presidency (DECDG), the Environment Department of the Sustainable Development Vice Presidency (ENV), and the Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery (GFDRR). Timothy Herzog coordinated the production of the book with substantial contributions from Philippe Ambrosi, Ana Bucher, and Fernanda Zermoglio from ENV, Milen Dyoulgerov and Ian Noble from GFDRR, and William Prince from DECDG. Additional support was provided by Azita Amjadi, Federico Escaler, Mahyar Eshragh-Tabary, Neil Fantom, Tariq Khokhar, Alison Kwong, and Sup Lee, from DECDG; Sameer Akbar, Jane Ebinger, Fernando Loayza, Elisabeth Mealey, Kiran Pandey, Kanta Kumari Rigaud, and Sari Soderstrom from ENV; Daniel Hoornweg and Marcus Lee from Financial Solutions Group; Roshin Joseph, and Ayaz Parvez from GFDRR; Richard Damania from the Latin America and the Caribbean Region (LAC); and Gabriela Elizondo Azuela from the Sustainable Energy Department (SEGEN). The book’s design is done by Jomo Tariku and is based on an original design by Communications Development Incorporated. Staff from External Affairs consisting of Stephen McGroarty, Dina Towbin, and Nora Ridolfi oversaw publication and distribution of the book. The book was prepared under supervision of Shaida Badiee, director of the Development Data Group; Mary Barton-Dock, director of Environment; and Andrew Steer, Special Envoy for Climate Change.

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Foreword When President Robert Zoellick launched the World Bank’s Open Data Initiative in April 2010, he said its purpose was to “open the treasure chest of the World Bank’s data and knowledge to every village, to everyone everywhere.” This small book and the much bigger open database behind it are part of this same goal. Solving the problem of climate change requires that our behavior changes. Whether this happens depends on our understanding, which, in turn, depends upon our knowledge of facts and their implications. Access to freely available climate and climate-related data is essential to catalyze the changes in policies, investments, and technologies that will be needed if we are to move toward a climate-smart future. The Little Data Book on Climate Change includes a diverse set of indicators selected from the global economic and scientific communities. These indicators recognize the intrinsic relationship between climate change and development and attempt to synthesize important aspects of current and projected climate conditions, exposure to climate impacts, resilience, greenhouse gas emissions, and the current state of efforts to take action. While these indicators are from standard sources and represent professional consensus, many are subject to considerable uncertainties, and the usual care must be taken in their interpretation. The Little Data Book on Climate Change draws upon several online resources, including the Open Data website,1 the Climate Change Knowledge Portal,2 and the Open Data for Resilience initiative.3 These resources from the World Bank and the Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery (GFDRR) provide free and open access to data and information relevant to climate risk, climate change, and development at the international, national and subnational levels. These resources contain many more indicators than are available in the limited space of this book and include interactive tools, visualizations on the use and interpretation of the data. In addition, there are other tools that will help users and programmers access World Bank data and develop applications. We invite you to visit the online companions to the Little Data Book on Climate Change. In the coming months, we will continue to add to the datasets. We welcome suggestions on how we can improve these resources for everyone.

Shaida Badiee Director Development Data Group

1 2 3

Andrew Steer Special Envoy for Climate Change World Bank Group

http://data.worldbank.org/ http://climateknowledgeportal.worldbank.org/ http://www.gfdrr.org/gfdrr/opendri/ The Little Data Book on Climate Change

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User guide The indicators in the Little Data Book on Climate Change are organized into the following categories, each of which relates to climate change, development, and the intrinsic relationship between the two. For additional information, refer to the definitions of each indicator in the Glossary. Climate includes data on current and projected future average climate conditions, particularly precipitation and temperature. Exposure to Impacts includes data that suggest the degree to which a country or region may be exposed to changes in the prevailing climate and natural environment, with potential impacts on human health, food security, water supply, and physical infrastructure. Resilience includes data on the capacity of human systems to cope with the impacts of climate change, such as economic capacity, institutional capacity, and extent of public infrastructure. GHG Emissions and Energy Use includes data on the emissions of greenhouse gases (GHG), energy use, including measures of energy efficiency and carbon intensity of economy. National-Level Actions includes data that summarize actions being taken to address and respond to climate change at the national and international levels. Additional information is included in the “Summary of National Actions� tables in the appendices. Carbon Markets includes data that summarize project activities under Joint Implementation and the Clean Development Mechanism, two of the flexibility mechanisms set forth under the Kyoto Protocol. The data in this book are for the most recent year available. Regional aggregates include data for low- and middle-income economies only. No aggregate is calculated if missing data exceed specific thresholds by indicator. See Statistical methods in World Development Indicators 2011 for more information. Symbols used: 0 or 0.0

.. n/a or blank

$

indicates zero or small enough that the number rounds to zero at the displayed number of decimal places. indicates that data are not available. indicates not applicable, or for an aggregate, not analytically meaningful. indicates current U.S. dollars.

Data are shown for economies with populations greater than 30,000 or for smaller economies if they are members of the World Bank. This publication also includes three additional economies: Cook Islands, Nauru, and Niue. The word country (used interchangeably with economy) does not imply political independence or official recognition by the World Bank but refers to any economy for which the authorities report separate social or economic statistics. The cutoff date for data was October 21, 2011.

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Regional tables The country composition of regions is based on the World Bank’s analytical regions and may differ from common geographic usage. East Asia and Pacific American Samoa, Cambodia, China, Cook Islands, Fiji, Indonesia, Kiribati, Democratic Republic of Korea, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Malaysia, Marshall Islands, Federated States of Micronesia, Mongolia, Myanmar, Nauru, Nuie, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Thailand, Timor-Leste, Tonga, Tuvalu, Vanuatu, Vietnam. Europe and Central Asia Albania, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kosovo, Kyrgyz Republic, Latvia, Lithuania, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Moldova, Montenegro, Romania, Russian Federation, Serbia, Tajikistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan. Latin America and the Caribbean Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Grenada, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and the Grenadines, Suriname, Uruguay, República Bolivariana de Venezuela. Middle East and North Africa Algeria, Djibouti, Arab Republic of Egypt, Islamic Republic of Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, Syrian Arab Republic, Tunisia, West Bank and Gaza, Republic of Yemen. South Asia Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka. Sub-Saharan Africa Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros, Democratic Republic of Congo, Republic of Congo, Côte d’Ivoire, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, The Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mayotte, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, São Tomé and Príncipe, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Africa, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

The Little Data Book on Climate Change

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World Population (millions) 6,840.5 Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010) 1.3

GDP ($ billions) 63,044.1 GNI per capita (Atlas $) 9,116

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people) Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) GHG Emissions and Energy Use CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (MtCO2e) Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands)

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1.8 6.6 20 2.1 8.8 .. .. 12.5 58 21.4 4,601 61 87 3,566 74.1 49.1 4.4 2.1 ..

88 96 4.6 485.4 30,649 7,136 2,853 724 1,803 182.9


East Asia & Pacific Population (millions) 1,961.6 Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010) 1.0

GDP ($ billions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

7,579.4 3,683

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

2.5 10.3 .. 3.3 10.8 .. 16.8 14.9 24 9.0 525

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

59 88 4,860 90.8 15.9 2.8 3.0 14,638

97 103

GHG Emissions and Energy Use CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (MtCO2e) Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $)

4.3 827.1 8,259 1,928 707 .. 1,436 259.5

National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands) The Little Data Book on Climate Change

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Europe & Central Asia Population (millions) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

405.1 0.2

GDP ($ billions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

3,055.0 7,269

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people) Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) GHG Emissions and Energy Use CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (MtCO2e) Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands)

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2.5 3.0 18 0.3 6.5 .. 3.7 7.5 23 .. .. 89 95 2,475 .. 85.8 9.9 2.8 22,652

95 97 7.7 708.0 3,110 937 214 76 2,833 276.8


Latin America & Caribbean Population (millions) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

582.6 1.4

GDP ($ billions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

4,969.4 7,741

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

1.5 3.8 35 2.0 2.0 .. 8.1 20.8 23 3.8 206

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

79 93 3,337 93.4 28.1 6.9 2.3 33,064

102 102

GHG Emissions and Energy Use CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (MtCO2e) Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $)

2.8 285.6 1,584 1,009 442 21 1,245 130.6

National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands) The Little Data Book on Climate Change

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Middle East & North Africa Population (millions) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

331.3 1.9

GDP ($ billions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

1,068.5 3,903

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people) Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) GHG Emissions and Energy Use CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (MtCO2e) Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands)

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1.4 9.7 20 2.5 121.9 .. 3.6 4.0 34 6.8 .. 84 87 2,512 92.9 74.3 3.6 2.9 5,854

88 93 3.8 604.6 1,230 287 74 7 1,399 213.9


South Asia Population (millions) 1,579.5 Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010) 1.7

GDP ($ billions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

2,088.2 1,222

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

1.5 4.4 13 2.7 50.6 .. 40.3 6.1 67 42.5 1,127

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

36 87 2,728 62.1 58.9 1.7 1.3 73,548

86 92

GHG Emissions and Energy Use CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (MtCO2e) Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $)

1.3 504.6 1,970 846 268 9 532 193.5

National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands) The Little Data Book on Climate Change

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Sub-Saharan Africa Population (millions) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

853.6 2.6

GDP ($ billions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

1,097.9 1,176

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people) Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) GHG Emissions and Energy Use CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (MtCO2e) Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands)

8

2011

The Little Data Book on Climate Change

0.4 2.0 14 4.0 3.2 .. 50.9 11.7 121 24.6 26,113 31 60 1,297 32.5 18.3 1.2 3.6 11,957

67 89 0.8 428.6 685 590 334 .. 689 308.4


Income & other group tables For operational and analytical purposes, the World Bank’s main criterion for classifying economies is gross national income (GNI) per capita. Each economy in The Little Data Book on Climate Change is classified as low income, middle income, or high income. Low- and middle-income economies are sometimes referred to as developing economies. The use of the term is convenient; it is not intended to imply that all economies in the group are experiencing similar development or that other economies have reached a preferred or final stage of development. Classification by income does not necessarily reflect development status. Note: Classifications are fixed during the World Bank’s fiscal year (ending on June 30). Thus, countries remain in the categories in which they are classified irrespective of any revisions to their per capita income data. Low-income economies are those with a 2010 GNI per capita of $1,005 or less. Middle-income economies are those with a 2010 GNI per capita of more than $1,006 but less than $12,276. Lower-middle-income and upper-middleincome economies are separated at a 2010 GNI per capita of $3,975. High-income economies are those with a GNI per capita of $12,276 or more. Euro area includes the member states of the Economic and Monetary Union of the European Union that have adopted the euro as their currency: Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Portugal, Slovak Republic, Slovenia, and Spain. Small island developing states included in this publication are American Samoa, Antigua and Barbuda, Aruba, The Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Cape Verde, Comoros, Cook Islands, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Fiji, French Polynesia, Grenada, Guam, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Jamaica, Kiribati, Maldives, Marshall Islands, Mauritius, Federated States of Micronesia, Nauru, New Caledonia, Niue, Northern Mariana Islands, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Puerto Rico, Samoa, São Tomé and Príncipe, Seychelles, Singapore, Solomon Islands, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and the Grenadines, Suriname, Timor-Leste, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tuvalu, Vanuatu, and Virgin Islands (U.S.).

The Little Data Book on Climate Change

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9


Low income Population (millions) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

796.3 2.3

GDP ($ billions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

413.9 523

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people) Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) GHG Emissions and Energy Use CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (MtCO2e) Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands)

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2011

The Little Data Book on Climate Change

0.7 5.1 11 3.7 3.7 .. .. 10.6 108 28.3 16,659 35 63 2,047 23.0 14.1 0.7 3.2 4,471

65 91 0.3 270.2 219 436 209 .. 365 303.9


Middle income Population (millions) 4,917.2 Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010) 1.3

GDP ($ billions) 19,561.7 GNI per capita (Atlas $) 3,763

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

1.8 6.5 18 2.5 9.1 .. .. 12.5 51 20.9 2,574

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

56 88 3,256 81.6 45.0 3.5 2.6 138,442

92 97

GHG Emissions and Energy Use CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (MtCO2e) Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $)

3.5 622.9 16,604 5,160 1,830 261 1,268 224.6

National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands) The Little Data Book on Climate Change

2011

11


Lower middle income Population (millions) 2,465.1 Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010) 1.7

GDP ($ billions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

4,312.0 1,660

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people) Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) GHG Emissions and Energy Use CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (MtCO2e) Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands)

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2011

The Little Data Book on Climate Change

1.7 6.5 14 2.8 18.7 .. .. 9.5 69 31.7 4,874 45 84 2,754 67.3 29.3 2.6 2.4 81,789

88 93 1.6 523.9 3,744 1,705 687 17 680 217.9


Upper middle income Population (millions) 2,452.2 Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010) 0.9

GDP ($ billions) 15,246.7 GNI per capita (Atlas $) 5,876

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

1.8 6.5 22 2.3 5.6 .. .. 13.6 20 4.1 80

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

68 92 3,690 98.0 50.5 4.5 2.7 26,166

98 103

GHG Emissions and Energy Use CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (MtCO2e) Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $)

5.3 659.4 12,860 3,455 1,144 243 1,848 227.1

National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands) The Little Data Book on Climate Change

2011

13


Low and middle income Population (millions) 5,713.5 Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010) 1.4

GDP ($ billions) 19,997.4 GNI per capita (Atlas $) 3,315

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people) Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) GHG Emissions and Energy Use CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (MtCO2e) Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands)

14

2011

The Little Data Book on Climate Change

1.6 6.3 17 2.6 8.4 .. 25.2 12.2 63 22.5 4,665 54 84 3,065 73.7 29.3 3.1 2.7 144,800

87 96 3.0 612.5 16,822 5,597 2,040 264 1,173 226.1


High income Population (millions) 1,127.0 Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010) 0.7

GDP ($ billions) 43,019.0 GNI per capita (Atlas $) 38,517

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

2.2 7.7 .. 1.0 10.4 .. .. 13.4 6 .. ..

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

100 100 5,445 .. 87.3 10.7 1.8 ..

97 100

GHG Emissions and Energy Use CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (MtCO2e) Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $)

11.9 354.4 13,285 1,539 813 460 4,944 147.0

National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands) The Little Data Book on Climate Change

2011

15


Euro area Population (millions) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

331.7 0.4

GDP ($ billions) 12,174.5 GNI per capita (Atlas $) 38,571

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people) Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) GHG Emissions and Energy Use CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (MtCO2e) Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands)

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3.6 8.5 18 0.6 21.5 .. .. 15.5 4 .. .. 100 100 5,817 .. 91.8 11.3 2.7 ..

101 99 8.0 260.0 2,633 318 219 84 3,642 122.2


Small island dev. states Population (millions) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

63.2 1.3

GDP ($ billions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

575.3 8,226

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

5.4 9.8 .. 2.0 1.4 .. .. 6.7 69 9.7 ..

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

67 80 1,922 81.4 49.9 .. 12.2 186

.. ..

GHG Emissions and Energy Use CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (MtCO2e) Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $)

3.7 351.5 230 33 12 .. 1,416 143.0

National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands) The Little Data Book on Climate Change

2011

17


Country tables China Data for China do not include data for Hong Kong SAR, China; Macao SAR, China; or Taiwan, China. Cyprus GNI and GDP data and data calculated using GNI and GDP data refer to the area controlled by the government of the Republic of Cyprus. Georgia GNI, GDP, and population data and data calculated using GNI, GDP and population data exclude Abkhazia and South Ossetia. Kosovo, Montenegro, and Serbia Where available, data for each country are shown separately. However, some indicators for Serbia prior to 2006 include data for Montenegro. Moreover, data for most indicators for Serbia from 1999 onward exclude data for Kosovo, which in 1999 became a territory under international administration pursuant to UN Security Council Resolution 1244 (1999). Kosovo became a member of the World Bank on June 29, 2009. Moldova GNI, GDP and population data and data calculated using GNI, GDP population data exclude Transnistria. Morocco GNI and GDP data and data calculated using GNI and GDP data include Former Spanish Sahara. Netherlands Antilles Netherlands Antilles ceased to exist on October 10, 2010. Curaรงao and Sint Maarten became countries within the Kingdom of the Netherlands. Bonaire, St. Eustatius, and Saba became special municipalities of the Netherlands. Sudan and South Sudan The Republic of South Sudan became an independent state on July 9, 2011. Data reported for Sudan include South Sudan. Tanzania GNI and GDP data and data calculated using GNI and GDP data refer to mainland Tanzania only. For more information, see World Development Indicators 2011 or http:// data.worldbank.org/.

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Afghanistan Population (millions) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

34.4 3.0

GDP ($ billions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

6 / 20 2.3 to 3.6 327 –58 to 13 3/7 –1 / –1 Country data

South Asia

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

0.0 0.0 11 4.5 1.1 42.0 4.8 .. 0.4 149 32.9 2,428

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

37 36 48 87 2,031 2,728 15.6 62.1 29.3 58.9 0.7 1.7 2.6 1.3 60 73,548 .. 160 2.4 39 86 62 92

GHG Emissions and Energy Use CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (MtCO2e) Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $)

11.8 290

0.0 28.5 0.8 .. .. .. .. .. ..

1.5 4.4 13 2.7

Low income

0.7 5.1 11 3.7

50.6 3.7 .. .. 40.3 .. 6.1 10.6 67 108 42.5 28.3 1,127 16,659 35 63 2,047 23.0 14.1 0.7 3.2 4,471

65 91

1.3 504.6 1,970

0.3 270.2 219

846 268 9 532 193.5

436 209 .. 365 303.9

National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target

.. n/a Yes Yes ..

Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands)

.. .. n/a n/a

The Little Data Book on Climate Change

2011

19


Albania Population (millions) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

3.2 –0.1

GDP ($ billions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

6 / 17 1.9 to 2.9 996 –147 to –44 3/7 –2 /–1 Country data

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

5.0 8.2 .. 1.3 5.3 6.8 16.8 <2 9.8 18 6.6 ..

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

98 97 4,315 .. 39.0 5.2 9.4 137 .. 82 3.3 90 100

GHG Emissions and Energy Use 1.3 CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) 181.8 CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 4.2 CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) 1.5 GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (1994, MtCO2e) 2.4 Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) 1.0 Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) 0.1 Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) 538 Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 72.3 National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands)

20

2011

11.8 3,960

The Little Data Book on Climate Change

Europe & Central Asia

Upper middle income

2.5 3.0 18 0.3

1.8 6.5 22 2.3

6.5 .. 3.7 7.5 23 .. ..

5.6 .. .. 13.6 20 4.1 80

89 68 95 92 2,475 3,690 .. 98.0 85.8 50.5 9.9 4.5 2.8 2.7 22,652 26,166

95 97

98 103

7.7 5.3 708.0 659.4 3,110 12,860 937 214 76 2,833 276.8

3,455 1,144 243 1,848 227.1

11/23/2009 (2nd) n/a .. n/a Yes 1 0 n/a n/a


Algeria Population (millions) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

35.5 1.7

GDP ($ billions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

159.4 4,450 15 / 30 2.4 to 3.0 89 –39 to 4 4/8 –2 / –2

Country data

Middle East & N. Africa

Upper middle income

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

0.4 3.5 8 2.9 0.0 54.6 2.1 6.8 6.3 36 3.7 ..

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

95 83 1,654 99.3 73.5 3.2 1.4 237 3.5 148 .. 91 98

84 68 87 92 2,512 3,690 92.9 98.0 74.3 50.5 3.6 4.5 2.9 2.7 5,854 26,166

GHG Emissions and Energy Use CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (2000, MtCO2e) Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $)

3.2 438.8 111.3 -7.9 54.2 4.9 0.5 1,138 153.5

3.8 5.3 604.6 659.4 1,230 12,860

National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target

1.4 9.7 20 2.5

1.8 6.5 22 2.3

121.9 .. 3.6 4.0 34 6.8 ..

5.6 .. .. 13.6 20 4.1 80

88 93

287 74 7 1,399 213.9

3,455 1,144 243 1,848 227.1

11/25/2010 (2nd) n/a Yes n/a Yes

Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands) The Little Data Book on Climate Change

98 103

.. .. n/a n/a 2011

21


American Samoa Population (thousands) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

68.4 1.9

GDP ($ millions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

.. ..

.. 1.3 to 1.6 .. –40 to 237 16 / 25 –3 / –3 Country data

East Asia & Pacific

Upper middle income

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

17.9 9.9 .. 2.6 0.0 .. .. .. 0.3 .. .. ..

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

59 68 88 92 4,860 3,690 90.8 98.0 15.9 50.5 2.8 4.5 3.0 2.7 14,638 26,166

GHG Emissions and Energy Use CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (MtCO2e) Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

4.3 5.3 827.1 659.4 8,259 12,860

2.5 10.3 .. 3.3

1.8 6.5 22 2.3

10.8 .. 16.8 14.9 24 9.0 525

5.6 .. .. 13.6 20 4.1 80

97 103

1,928 707 .. 1,436 259.5

98 103

3,455 1,144 243 1,848 227.1

National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target

n/a n/a n/a n/a ..

Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands)

n/a n/a n/a n/a

22

2011

The Little Data Book on Climate Change


Andorra Population (thousands) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

84.9 2.4

GDP ($ billions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

3.7 41,750

3 / 12 1.8 to 2.8 973 –113 to –22 4/7 –2 / –2 Country data

High income

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

0.0 0.0 .. 2.0 .. .. .. .. 6.0 4 .. ..

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

100 100 .. .. .. 7.9 .. .. .. .. .. 101 104

100 100 5,445 .. 87.3 10.7 1.8 ..

GHG Emissions and Energy Use CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (MtCO2e) Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $)

6.5 .. 0.5 .. .. .. .. .. ..

11.9 354.4 13,285

2.2 7.7 .. 1.0 10.4 .. .. 13.4 6 .. ..

97 100

1,539 813 460 4,944 147.0

National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target

n/a n/a n/a n/a ..

Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands)

n/a n/a n/a n/a

The Little Data Book on Climate Change

2011

23


Angola Population (millions) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

19.1 3.1

GDP ($ billions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

84.4 3,940 15 / 28 2.1 to 2.7 1,010 –89 to 75 7 / 20 –2 / –3

Country data

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

0.2 2.1 25 5.3 1.0 0.4 .. 54.3 12.4 161 27.5 21,593

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

57 50 588 26.2 10.4 1.4 11.8 534 .. 172 2.4 .. ..

GHG Emissions and Energy Use CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (MtCO2e) Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $)

1.4 245.3 24.4 .. 45.4 38.9 0.0 641 116.9

SubSaharan Africa

Lower middle income

0.4 2.0 14 4.0

1.7 6.5 14 2.8

3.2 .. 50.9 11.7 121 24.6 26,113

18.7 .. .. 9.5 69 31.7 4,874

31 45 60 84 1,297 2,754 32.5 67.3 18.3 29.3 1.2 2.6 3.6 2.4 11,957 81,789

67 89

88 93

0.8 428.6 685

1.6 523.9 3,744

590 334 .. 689 308.4

1,705 687 17 680 217.9

National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target

.. n/a .. .. ..

Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands)

.. .. n/a n/a

24

2011

The Little Data Book on Climate Change


Antigua and Barbuda Population (thousands) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

88.7 1.8

GDP ($ billions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

1.0 10,590

23 / 30 1.3 to 1.7 2,420 –104 to 37 13 / 23 –3 / –3 Latin Upper Country America & middle data the Carib. income

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

32.4 32.3 .. 1.0 .. 3.3 .. .. 7.0 8 .. ..

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

95 91 1,737 .. 33.0 .. 5.7 6 2.8 57 .. 95 97

GHG Emissions and Energy Use CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) 5.1 CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 274.0 CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) 0.4 GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (1990, MtCO2e) -0.1 Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) .. Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) .. Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) .. Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) 1,699 Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 89.6 National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target

1.8 6.5 22 2.3

2.0 .. 8.1 20.8 23 3.8 206

5.6 .. .. 13.6 20 4.1 80

79 68 93 92 3,337 3,690 93.4 98.0 28.1 50.5 6.9 4.5 2.3 2.7 33,064 26,166

102 102

98 103

2.8 5.3 285.6 659.4 1,584 12,860 1,009 442 21 1,245 130.6

3,455 1,144 243 1,848 227.1

9/10/2001 (1st) n/a Yes, with Goal n/a ..

Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands) The Little Data Book on Climate Change

1.5 3.8 35 2.0

.. .. n/a n/a 2011

25


Argentina Population (millions) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

40.4 1.1

GDP ($ billions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

368.7 8,500 8 / 21 1.4 to 2.1 591 –57 to 52 3/7 –1 / –1

Latin Upper Country America & middle data the Carib. income

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

1.2 4.5 39 1.4 0.2 11.8 1.1 <2 5.4 14 2.3 0

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

90 97 3,167 97.2 30.0 3.2 1.7 1,283 3.3 113 .. 105 105

79 68 93 92 3,337 3,690 93.4 98.0 28.1 50.5 6.9 4.5 2.3 2.7 33,064 26,166

GHG Emissions and Energy Use CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (2000, MtCO2e) Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $)

4.8 364.9 192.4 -43.3 101.8 49.8 0.8 1,853 139.6

2.8 5.3 285.6 659.4 1,584 12,860

National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands)

26

2011

The Little Data Book on Climate Change

1.5 3.8 35 2.0

1.8 6.5 22 2.3

2.0 .. 8.1 20.8 23 3.8 206

5.6 .. .. 13.6 20 4.1 80

102 102

1,009 442 21 1,245 130.6

98 103

3,455 1,144 243 1,848 227.1

3/7/2008 (2nd) n/a Yes n/a Yes 24 7,697 n/a n/a


Armenia Population (millions) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

3.1 –0.7

GDP ($ billions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

9.3 3,090 1 / 13 2.1 to 3.3 562 –75 to –7 3/6 –1 / –1

Country data

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

0.0 0.0 36 -1.0 0.5 41.2 8.9 <2 8.0 20 4.2 0

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

90 96 2,230 .. 90.5 8.6 6.2 98 3.0 55 3.7 98 103

Europe & Central Asia

Lower middle income

2.5 3.0 18 0.3

1.7 6.5 14 2.8

6.5 .. 3.7 7.5 23 .. ..

18.7 .. .. 9.5 69 31.7 4,874

89 45 95 84 2,475 2,754 .. 67.3 85.8 29.3 9.9 2.6 2.8 2.4 22,652 81,789

95 97

88 93

GHG Emissions and Energy Use CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) 1.8 CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 320.9 CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) 5.5 GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (MtCO2e) .. Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) 3.0 Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) 0.6 Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) 0.3 Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) 843 Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 175.5

7.7 708.0 3,110

1.6 523.9 3,744

937 214 76 2,833 276.8

1,705 687 17 680 217.9

National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target

9/7/2010 (2nd) n/a Yes n/a ..

Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands) The Little Data Book on Climate Change

5 12 n/a n/a 2011

27


Aruba Population (thousands) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

107.5 2.7

GDP ($ millions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

.. ..

.. 1.5 to 2.1 .. –121 to 24 14 / 27 –3 / –3 Country data

High income

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

29.6 29.6 .. 2.4 .. .. .. .. 0.1 .. .. ..

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

.. 100 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 95 99

100 100 5,445 .. 87.3 10.7 1.8 ..

GHG Emissions and Energy Use CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (MtCO2e) Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $)

21.7 .. 2.3 .. .. .. .. .. ..

11.9 354.4 13,285

2.2 7.7 .. 1.0 10.4 .. .. 13.4 6 .. ..

97 100

1,539 813 460 4,944 147.0

National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target

n/a n/a n/a n/a ..

Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands)

n/a n/a n/a n/a

28

2011

The Little Data Book on Climate Change


Australia Population (millions) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

22.3 1.3

GDP ($ billions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

924.8 43,590 15 / 28 1.7 to 2.4 535 –67 to 54 4/9 –2 / –2

Country data

High income

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

1.1 7.2 58 1.6 3.0 4.9 0.4 .. 10.5 5 .. ..

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

100 100 1,764 .. .. 12.6 2.9 .. 4.0 15 .. .. 98

100 100 5,445 .. 87.3 10.7 1.8 ..

GHG Emissions and Energy Use CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (2009, MtCO2e) Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $)

18.6 539.6 399.2 54.0 126.5 63.0 6.5 5,636 174.9

11.9 354.4 13,285

National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target (base year: 2000) NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target

2.2 7.7 .. 1.0 10.4 .. .. 13.4 6 .. ..

97 100

1,539 813 460 4,944 147.0 2/12/2010 (5th) 5% / 25% n/a n/a Yes

Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands) The Little Data Book on Climate Change

n/a n/a .. .. 2011

29


Austria Population (millions) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

8.4 0.4

GDP ($ billions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

376.2 46,690 2 / 10 1.9 to 2.9 1,110 –70 to 27 3/5 –1 / –2

Country data

High income

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

0.0 0.0 20 0.6 0.0 6.5 1.4 .. 22.9 4 .. ..

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

100 100 6,133 .. 100.0 4.7 -7.1 .. .. 32 .. 97 97

100 100 5,445 .. 87.3 10.7 1.8 ..

GHG Emissions and Energy Use CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (2009, MtCO2e) Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $)

8.1 224.4 67.7 -17.5 8.5 4.4 2.3 3,944 111.8

11.9 354.4 13,285

National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target (base year: 1990) NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands)

30

2011

The Little Data Book on Climate Change

2.2 7.7 .. 1.0 10.4 .. .. 13.4 6 .. ..

97 100

1,539 813 460 4,944 147.0 2/16/2010 (5th) 20% / 30% (EU) n/a n/a Yes n/a n/a .. ..


Azerbaijan Population (millions) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

9.0 1.2

GDP ($ billions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

51.1 5,080 7 / 17 1.9 to 3.1 447 –58 to 3 3/6 –1 / –1

Country data

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

20.0 29.8 22 1.0 1.1 150.5 29.5 <2 7.1 46 8.4 1

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

45 80 2,607 .. 50.6 12.2 1.1 124 .. 66 3.1 92 102

GHG Emissions and Energy Use CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) 5.4 CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 670.4 CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) 47.1 GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (1994, MtCO2e) –1.1 Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) 36.6 Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) 2.6 Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) 0.1 Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) 1,338 Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 155.7 National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target

Europe & Central Asia

2.5 3.0 18 0.3

1.8 6.5 22 2.3

6.5 .. 3.7 7.5 23 .. ..

5.6 .. .. 13.6 20 4.1 80

89 68 95 92 2,475 3,690 .. 98.0 85.8 50.5 9.9 4.5 2.8 2.7 22,652 26,166

95 97

98 103

7.7 5.3 708.0 659.4 3,110 12,860 937 214 76 2,833 276.8

3,455 1,144 243 1,848 227.1

6/7/2011 (2nd) n/a .. n/a ..

Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands) The Little Data Book on Climate Change

Upper middle income

1 0 n/a n/a 2011

31


Bahamas, The Population (thousands) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

342.9 1.5

GDP ($ billions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

20 / 30 1.4 to 1.7 1,292 –96 to 74 10 / 16 –2 / –2 Country data

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

72.0 46.5 .. 1.7 .. .. .. .. 13.7 16 .. ..

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

100 97 2,196 .. 57.4 .. 11.4 .. .. 85 .. 95 101

GHG Emissions and Energy Use 6.5 CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 263.6 2.2 CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) .. GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (MtCO2e) .. Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) .. Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) .. Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) 2,156 Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 85.6 National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands)

32

2011

7.5 20,610

The Little Data Book on Climate Change

High income

2.2 7.7 .. 1.0 10.4 .. .. 13.4 6 .. .. 100 100 5,445 .. 87.3 10.7 1.8 ..

97 100 11.9 354.4 13,285 1,539 813 460 4,944 147.0 11/5/2001 (1st) n/a .. n/a .. 0 0 n/a n/a


Bahrain Population (millions) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

1.3 4.7

GDP ($ billions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

21 / 34 2.1 to 3.0 83 –19 to 4 5/9 –2 / –2 Country data

High income

Exposure to Impacts 39.0 Land area below 5m (% of land area) 66.6 Population below 5m (% of total) .. Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) 4.7 Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) .. Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) 6,375.0 Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) .. Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) .. Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) 1.3 Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) 10 Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) .. Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) .. Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people) Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%) GHG Emissions and Energy Use CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (MtCO2e) Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $)

20.6 18,730

2.2 7.7 .. 1.0 10.4 .. .. 13.4 6 .. ..

.. .. .. 99.4 81.5 5.2 1.2 .. .. 38 .. 101 101

100 100 5,445 .. 87.3 10.7 1.8 ..

21.4 899.2 22.5 .. 2.8 0.1 0.3 8,096 369.8

11.9 354.4 13,285

National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target

97 100

1,539 813 460 4,944 147.0 4/20/2005 (1st) n/a .. n/a ..

Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands) The Little Data Book on Climate Change

.. .. n/a n/a 2011

33


Bangladesh Population (millions) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

148.7 1.7

GDP ($ billions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

100.1 700

20 / 30 1.7 to 2.4 2,665 –126 to 120 3 / 12 –2 / –2 Country data

South Asia

Low income

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

14.1 14.0 14 3.5 4.6 .. 52.6 49.6 1.6 48 41.3 1,510

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

53 80 4,140 41.0 9.5 0.6 1.0 617 4.0 122 3.0 61 108

36 87 2,728 62.1 58.9 1.7 1.3 73,548

35 63 2,047 23.0 14.1 0.7 3.2 4,471

86 92

65 91

GHG Emissions and Energy Use CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (1994, MtCO2e) Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $)

0.3 235.8 46.5 7.8 92.4 21.4 0.0 201 141.9

1.3 504.6 1,970

0.3 270.2 219

846 268 9 532 193.5

436 209 .. 365 303.9

National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands)

34

2011

The Little Data Book on Climate Change

1.5 4.4 13 2.7

0.7 5.1 11 3.7

50.6 3.7 .. .. 40.3 .. 6.1 10.6 67 108 42.5 28.3 1,127 16,659

11/12/2002 (1st) n/a .. Yes Yes 2 0 n/a n/a


Barbados Population (thousands) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

273.3 0.3

GDP ($ billions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

3.2 12,660

22 / 30 1.4 to 1.7 2,066 –154 to 14 14 / 24 –3 / –3 Country data

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

15.7 15.7 .. 1.4 .. 76.1 .. .. 0.1 20 .. ..

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

100 100 2,640 .. 100.0 6.7 2.5 .. 4.0 .. .. .. ..

High income

2.2 7.7 .. 1.0 10.4 .. .. 13.4 6 .. .. 100 100 5,445 .. 87.3 10.7 1.8 ..

97 100

GHG Emissions and Energy Use CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) 5.0 CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 267.5 CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) 1.4 GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (1997, MtCO2e) 0.0 Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) .. Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) .. Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) .. Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) 1,476 Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 79.4 National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target

11.9 354.4 13,285 1,539 813 460 4,944 147.0 10/30/2001 (1st) n/a .. n/a ..

Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands) The Little Data Book on Climate Change

.. .. n/a n/a 2011

35


Belarus Population (millions) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

9.5 –0.4

GDP ($ billions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

54.7 6,130 2 / 10 2.2 to 3.1 618 8 to 70 2/5 –2 / –2

Country data

Europe & Central Asia

Upper middle income

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

0.0 0.0 20 0.2 0.0 11.7 0.5 <2 7.3 6 1.3 ..

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

93 100 3,374 .. 88.6 5.1 2.6 1,045 .. 69 .. 96 102

89 68 95 92 2,475 3,690 .. 98.0 85.8 50.5 9.9 4.5 2.8 2.7 22,652 26,166

GHG Emissions and Energy Use CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (2009, MtCO2e) Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $)

6.5 556.9 62.8 –30.0 11.5 11.7 0.5 2,815 236.8

7.7 5.3 708.0 659.4 3,110 12,860

National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target (base year: 1990) NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands)

36

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The Little Data Book on Climate Change

2.5 3.0 18 0.3

1.8 6.5 22 2.3

6.5 .. 3.7 7.5 23 .. ..

5.6 .. .. 13.6 20 4.1 80

95 97

937 214 76 2,833 276.8

98 103

3,455 1,144 243 1,848 227.1

5/3/2010 (5th) 5% to 10% n/a n/a .. n/a n/a .. ..


Belgium Population (millions) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

10.9 0.4

GDP ($ billions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

467.5 45,360 6 / 14 1.4 to 2.4 847 –64 to 29 3/5 –1 / –2

Country data

High income

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

9.2 14.3 18 0.5 0.0 .. 0.4 .. 0.9 4 .. ..

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

100 100 9,711 .. 78.2 3.3 13.4 .. .. 28 .. 87 98

100 100 5,445 .. 87.3 10.7 1.8 ..

GHG Emissions and Energy Use CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (2009, MtCO2e) Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $)

9.8 291.8 104.9 –1.6 10.1 6.6 2.1 5,221 159.1

11.9 354.4 13,285

National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target (base year: 1990) NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target

2.2 7.7 .. 1.0 10.4 .. .. 13.4 6 .. ..

97 100

1,539 813 460 4,944 147.0 3/10/2010 (5th) 20% / 30% (EU) n/a n/a Yes

Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands) The Little Data Book on Climate Change

n/a n/a .. .. 2011

37


Belize Population (thousands) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

344.7 3.0

GDP ($ billions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

1.4 3,740

21 / 30 1.7 to 2.6 2,191 –189 to 16 8 / 21 –1 / –2 Latin Lower Country America & middle data the Carib. income

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

9.5 15.8 .. 3.5 0.8 0.9 .. 12.4 27.9 17 4.9 210

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

90 99 2,972 .. 17.0 2.8 6.7 22 .. 93 .. 106 101

GHG Emissions and Energy Use 1.3 CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) 212.0 CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 0.4 CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) –4.0 GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (1994, MtCO2e) .. Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) .. Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) .. Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) 571 Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 92.1 National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands)

38

2011

The Little Data Book on Climate Change

1.5 3.8 35 2.0

1.7 6.5 14 2.8

2.0 .. 8.1 20.8 23 3.8 206

18.7 .. .. 9.5 69 31.7 4,874

79 45 93 84 3,337 2,754 93.4 67.3 28.1 29.3 6.9 2.6 2.3 2.4 33,064 81,789

102 102

88 93

2.8 285.6 1,584

1.6 523.9 3,744

1,009 442 21 1,245 130.6

1,705 687 17 680 217.9

9/16/2002 (1st) n/a .. n/a .. .. .. n/a n/a


Benin Population (millions) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

8.8 3.1

GDP ($ billions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

6.6 780

22 / 33 2.0 to 2.5 1,039 –207 to 97 5 / 19 –2 / –3 Country data

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

1.2 14.1 .. 4.1 0.9 1.3 .. 47.3 23.8 115 20.2 35,555

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

12 75 1,424 24.8 9.5 0.8 1.7 394 .. 175 3.3 62 73

GHG Emissions and Energy Use CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) 0.5 CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 345.0 CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) 4.1 GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (1995, MtCO2e) –47.5 Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) 4.1 Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) 2.9 Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) 0.0 Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) 404 Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 284.0 National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target

SubSaharan Africa

0.4 2.0 14 4.0

0.7 5.1 11 3.7

3.2 3.7 .. .. 50.9 .. 11.7 10.6 121 108 24.6 28.3 26,113 16,659 31 60 1,297 32.5 18.3 1.2 3.6 11,957

35 63 2,047 23.0 14.1 0.7 3.2 4,471

67 89

65 91

0.8 428.6 685

0.3 270.2 219

590 334 .. 689 308.4

436 209 .. 365 303.9

10/21/2002 (1st) n/a Yes Yes ..

Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands) The Little Data Book on Climate Change

Low income

.. .. n/a n/a 2011

39


Bermuda Population (thousands) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

64.6 0.3

GDP ($ billions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

5.7 .. 17 / 26 1.3 to 1.7 1,506 –97 to 60 6/9 –2 / –2

Country data

High income

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

82.3 82.3 .. 0.3 .. .. .. .. 5.6 .. .. ..

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

.. .. .. .. .. .. 0.6 .. .. .. .. 93 109

100 100 5,445 .. 87.3 10.7 1.8 ..

GHG Emissions and Energy Use CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (MtCO2e) Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $)

6.1 .. 0.4 .. .. .. .. .. ..

11.9 354.4 13,285

2.2 7.7 .. 1.0 10.4 .. .. 13.4 6 .. ..

97 100

1,539 813 460 4,944 147.0

National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target

n/a n/a n/a n/a ..

Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands)

n/a n/a n/a n/a

40

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Bhutan Population (thousands) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

725.9 1.3

GDP ($ billions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

1.5 1,880

1 / 14 1.9 to 3.0 1,667 –112 to 298 3/9 –2 /–2 Country data

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

0.0 0.0 .. 5.4 0.0 .. 6.8 26.2 28.3 56 12.0 100

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

65 92 2,159 .. 62.0 0.3 0.8 201 .. 142 3.9 88 100

GHG Emissions and Energy Use CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) 1.0 CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 242.4 CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) 0.7 GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (1994, MtCO2e) –3.5 Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) .. Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) .. Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) .. Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) 354 Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 84.4 National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target

South Asia

1.5 4.4 13 2.7

1.7 6.5 14 2.8

50.6 .. 40.3 6.1 67 42.5 1,127

18.7 .. .. 9.5 69 31.7 4,874

36 45 87 84 2,728 2,754 62.1 67.3 58.9 29.3 1.7 2.6 1.3 2.4 73,548 81,789

86 92

88 93

1.3 504.6 1,970

1.6 523.9 3,744

846 268 9 532 193.5

1,705 687 17 680 217.9

11/13/2000 (1st) n/a Yes, with Goal Yes ..

Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands) The Little Data Book on Climate Change

Lower middle income

2 0 n/a n/a 2011

41


Bolivia Population (millions) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

9.9 2.0

GDP ($ billions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

19.8 1,810

15 / 28 2.1 to 3.0 1,146 –91 to 137 5 / 17 –2 / –2 Latin Lower Country America & middle data the Carib. income

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

0.0 0.0 33 2.9 1.3 0.7 .. 13.6 18.2 54 4.5 365

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

25 86 2,089 77.5 7.0 3.4 3.1 37 2.3 153 3.3 99 99

GHG Emissions and Energy Use CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (2004, MtCO2e) Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $)

1.3 319.8 12.8 48.0 30.3 15.1 0.0 638 150.2

National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands)

42

2011

The Little Data Book on Climate Change

1.5 3.8 35 2.0

1.7 6.5 14 2.8

2.0 .. 8.1 20.8 23 3.8 206

18.7 .. .. 9.5 69 31.7 4,874

79 45 93 84 3,337 2,754 93.4 67.3 28.1 29.3 6.9 2.6 2.3 2.4 33,064 81,789

102 102

88 93

2.8 285.6 1,584

1.6 523.9 3,744

1,009 442 21 1,245 130.6

1,705 687 17 680 217.9

12/2/2009 (2nd) n/a .. n/a .. 4 1,118 n/a n/a


Bosnia and Herzegovina Population (millions) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

3.8 -0.7

GDP ($ billions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

16.9 4,790 5 / 15 1.9 to 3.0 1,028 –116 to -7 3/6 –2 / –2

Country data

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

0.1 0.1 .. 0.4 0.5 .. .. <2 0.6 8 1.6 ..

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

95 99 4,539 .. 52.3 6.1 1.4 125 .. 125 3.3 .. 102

GHG Emissions and Energy Use CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) 8.3 CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 1,108.3 CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) 31.3 GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (1990, MtCO2e) -7.4 Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) 2.7 Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) 1.2 Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) 0.6 Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) 1,580 Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 217.7 National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target

Europe & Central Asia

2.5 3.0 18 0.3

1.8 6.5 22 2.3

6.5 .. 3.7 7.5 23 .. ..

5.6 .. .. 13.6 20 4.1 80

89 68 95 92 2,475 3,690 .. 98.0 85.8 50.5 9.9 4.5 2.8 2.7 22,652 26,166

95 97

98 103

7.7 5.3 708.0 659.4 3,110 12,860 937 214 76 2,833 276.8

3,455 1,144 243 1,848 227.1

5/26/2010 (1st) n/a .. n/a ..

Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands) The Little Data Book on Climate Change

Upper middle income

.. .. n/a n/a 2011

43


Botswana Population (millions) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

2.0 1.9

GDP ($ billions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

14 / 29 2.5 to 3.3 416 –106 to 24 5 / 13 –2 / -2 Country data

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

0.0 0.0 .. 3.8 0.7 8.1 0.0 31.2 30.9 48 10.7 587

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

60 95 569 45.4 32.6 3.2 3.6 59 3.0 54 .. 95 100

GHG Emissions and Energy Use 2.5 CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) 197.3 CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 4.8 CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) –38.7 GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (1994, MtCO2e) 4.5 Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) 3.1 Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) 0.0 Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) 1,034 Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 87.8 National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands)

44

2011

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The Little Data Book on Climate Change

SubSaharan Africa

Upper middle income

0.4 2.0 14 4.0

1.8 6.5 22 2.3

3.2 .. 50.9 11.7 121 24.6 26,113

5.6 .. .. 13.6 20 4.1 80

31 68 60 92 1,297 3,690 32.5 98.0 18.3 50.5 1.2 4.5 3.6 2.7 11,957 26,166

67 89

98 103

0.8 5.3 428.6 659.4 685 12,860 590 334 .. 689 308.4

3,455 1,144 243 1,848 227.1

10/22/2001 (1st) n/a Yes n/a Yes .. .. n/a n/a


Brazil Population (millions) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

194.9 1.3

GDP ($ billions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

2,087.9 9,390

20 / 30 1.9 to 2.6 1,782 –95 to 136 6 / 20 –2 / –2 Latin Upper Country America & middle data the Carib. income

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

1.2 4.9 41 2.0 0.5 1.1 .. 3.8 28.0 19 2.2 210

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

80 97 3,533 98.3 5.5 8.2 2.3 16,733 4.5 126 .. 106 103

GHG Emissions and Energy Use CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) 2.1 CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 214.2 CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) 393.2 GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (2005, MtCO2e) 1,329.1 Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) 492.2 Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) 236.0 Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) 11.8 Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) 1,243 Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 131.7 National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target

1.8 6.5 22 2.3

2.0 .. 8.1 20.8 23 3.8 206

5.6 .. .. 13.6 20 4.1 80

79 68 93 92 3,337 3,690 93.4 98.0 28.1 50.5 6.9 4.5 2.3 2.7 33,064 26,166

102 102

98 103

2.8 5.3 285.6 659.4 1,584 12,860 1,009 442 21 1,245 130.6

3,455 1,144 243 1,848 227.1

11/30/2010 (2nd) n/a Yes, with Goal n/a Yes

Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands) The Little Data Book on Climate Change

1.5 3.8 35 2.0

196 57,990 n/a n/a 2011

45


Brunei Darussalam Population (thousands) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

398.9 2.3

GDP ($ billions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

10.7 31,800

23 / 31 1.5 to 1.9 2,722 –185 to 111 15 / 27 –2 / –3 Country data

High income

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

3.3 9.2 .. 3.0 .. 1.1 0.0 .. 42.9 7 .. ..

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

.. 99 1,291 99.7 77.2 6.3 3.0 .. 2.8 83 .. 104 101

100 100 5,445 .. 87.3 10.7 1.8 ..

GHG Emissions and Energy Use CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (MtCO2e) Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $)

27.5 588.2 10.6 .. 5.8 0.6 0.3 7,971 176.5

11.9 354.4 13,285

2.2 7.7 .. 1.0 10.4 .. .. 13.4 6 .. ..

97 100

1,539 813 460 4,944 147.0

National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target

.. n/a .. n/a ..

Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands)

.. .. n/a n/a

46

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The Little Data Book on Climate Change


Bulgaria Population (millions) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

7.5 –0.7

GDP ($ billions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

47.7 6,250

6 / 16 1.9 to 3.1 608 –127 to -21 3/6 –1 / –1 Country data

Europe & Central Asia

Upper middle income

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

0.4 1.5 16 -0.3 0.0 24.2 1.4 <2 9.1 13 1.6 ..

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

100 100 3,413 .. 98.4 8.4 4.5 488 3.5 59 .. 94 97

89 68 95 92 2,475 3,690 .. 98.0 85.8 50.5 9.9 4.5 2.8 2.7 22,652 26,166

GHG Emissions and Energy Use CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (2009, MtCO2e) Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $)

6.6 552.2 50.5 –11.8 10.9 4.2 0.4 2,305 202.1

7.7 5.3 708.0 659.4 3,110 12,860

National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target (base year: 1990) NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target

1.8 6.5 22 2.3

6.5 .. 3.7 7.5 23 .. ..

5.6 .. .. 13.6 20 4.1 80

95 97

937 214 76 2,833 276.8

98 103

3,455 1,144 243 1,848 227.1

2/12/2010 (5th) 20% / 30% (EU) n/a n/a Yes

Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands) The Little Data Book on Climate Change

2.5 3.0 18 0.3

n/a n/a 28 2,556 2011

47


Burkina Faso Population (millions) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

16.5 2.8

GDP ($ billions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

22 / 35 2.2 to 2.8 748 –229 to 88 5 / 17 –2 / –3 Country data

Exposure to Impacts 0.0 Land area below 5m (% of land area) 0.0 Population below 5m (% of total) 12 Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) 4.8 Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) 1.3 Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) 7.9 Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) .. Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) 56.5 Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) 13.9 Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) 176 Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) 26.0 Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) 45,322 Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people) Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

11 76 1,002 14.6 4.2 0.8 0.4 299 .. 150 3.7 47 88

GHG Emissions and Energy Use 0.1 CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) 113.1 CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 1.9 CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) –1.4 GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (1994, MtCO2e) .. Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) .. Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) .. Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) .. Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) .. Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands)

48

2011

8.8 550

The Little Data Book on Climate Change

SubSaharan Africa

0.4 2.0 14 4.0

Low income

0.7 5.1 11 3.7

3.2 3.7 .. .. 50.9 .. 11.7 10.6 121 108 24.6 28.3 26,113 16,659 31 60 1,297 32.5 18.3 1.2 3.6 11,957

35 63 2,047 23.0 14.1 0.7 3.2 4,471

67 89

65 91

0.8 428.6 685

0.3 270.2 219

590 334 .. 689 308.4

436 209 .. 365 303.9

5/16/2002 (1st) n/a .. Yes .. .. .. n/a n/a


Burundi Population (millions) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

8.4 2.0

GDP ($ billions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

1.6 170

14 / 26 2.1 to 2.4 1,218 –21 to 206 8 / 26 –2 / –3 Country data

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

0.0 0.0 .. 4.8 2.4 2.9 .. 81.3 4.8 142 38.9 48,475

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

46 72 1,319 .. 10.4 0.2 0.9 6 3.3 169 2.6 52 93

GHG Emissions and Energy Use CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) 0.0 CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 62.9 CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) 0.2 GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (2005, MtCO2e) –15.3 Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) .. Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) .. Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) .. Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) .. Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) .. National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target

SubSaharan Africa

0.4 2.0 14 4.0

0.7 5.1 11 3.7

3.2 3.7 .. .. 50.9 .. 11.7 10.6 121 108 24.6 28.3 26,113 16,659 31 60 1,297 32.5 18.3 1.2 3.6 11,957

35 63 2,047 23.0 14.1 0.7 3.2 4,471

67 89

65 91

0.8 428.6 685

0.3 270.2 219

590 334 .. 689 308.4

436 209 .. 365 303.9

6/28/2010 (2nd) n/a .. Yes Yes

Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands) The Little Data Book on Climate Change

Low income

.. .. n/a n/a 2011

49


Cambodia Population (millions) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

14.1 2.0

GDP ($ billions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

11.3 760

22 / 31 1.6 to 2.0 1,903 –109 to 95 4 / 18 –2 / –2 Country data

East Asia & Pacific

Low income

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

3.8 10.6 11 4.9 6.6 1.8 .. 28.3 24.0 51 28.8 1,798

2.5 10.3 .. 3.3

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

29 61 2,947 24.0 6.3 1.0 6.9 1,775 .. 138 2.7 79 90

59 88 4,860 90.8 15.9 2.8 3.0 14,638

35 63 2,047 23.0 14.1 0.7 3.2 4,471

97 103

65 91

GHG Emissions and Energy Use CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (1994, MtCO2e) Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $)

0.3 175.4 4.6 –17.9 20.2 5.8 0.0 371 201.3

4.3 827.1 8,259

0.3 270.2 219

1,928 707 .. 1,436 259.5

436 209 .. 365 303.9

National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands)

50

2011

The Little Data Book on Climate Change

0.7 5.1 11 3.7

10.8 3.7 .. .. 16.8 .. 14.9 10.6 24 108 9.0 28.3 525 16,659

10/8/2002 (1st) n/a Yes Yes .. 5 11 n/a n/a


Cameroon Population (millions) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

19.6 2.4

GDP ($ billions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

22.4 1,180

19 / 30 2.1 to 2.4 1,604 –71 to 115 6 / 22 –2 / –2 Country data

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

0.1 0.3 20 4.2 0.1 0.4 .. 9.6 9.2 136 16.6 27,818

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

47 74 1,524 48.7 8.4 1.8 –0.0 575 .. 161 2.9 73 86

GHG Emissions and Energy Use CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (1994, MtCO2e) Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $)

0.3 138.4 5.3 22.2 18.5 9.1 0.4 361 177.0

National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target

SubSaharan Africa

0.4 2.0 14 4.0

1.7 6.5 14 2.8

3.2 .. 50.9 11.7 121 24.6 26,113

18.7 .. .. 9.5 69 31.7 4,874

31 45 60 84 1,297 2,754 32.5 67.3 18.3 29.3 1.2 2.6 3.6 2.4 11,957 81,789

67 89

88 93

0.8 428.6 685

1.6 523.9 3,744

590 334 .. 689 308.4

1,705 687 17 680 217.9

1/31/2005 (1st) n/a Yes n/a ..

Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands) The Little Data Book on Climate Change

Lower middle income

2 0 n/a n/a 2011

51


Canada Population (millions) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

34.1 1.0

GDP ($ billions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

1,574.1 41,950 -10 / -1 2.6 to 3.5 537 17 to 88 2/4 -2 / -2

Country data

High income

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

2.4 4.0 44 1.3 0.0 1.6 .. .. 8.0 6 .. ..

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

100 100 3,301 .. 39.9 12.0 1.5 .. 4.3 13 .. 96 99

100 100 5,445 .. 87.3 10.7 1.8 ..

GHG Emissions and Energy Use CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (2009, MtCO2e) Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $)

16.3 455.0 544.1 -12.1 89.3 40.2 21.9 7,486 212.4

11.9 354.4 13,285

National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target (base year: 2005) NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands)

52

2011

The Little Data Book on Climate Change

2.2 7.7 .. 1.0 10.4 .. .. 13.4 6 .. ..

97 100

1,539 813 460 4,944 147.0 3/3/2010 (5th) 17% n/a n/a .. n/a n/a .. ..


Cape Verde Population (thousands) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

496.0 1.8

GDP ($ billions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

1.6 3,270 20 / 27 1.4 to 1.8 424 –32 to 12 8 / 15 –3 / –3

Country data

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

14.5 13.8 .. 3.4 0.0 6.8 .. 21.0 2.5 36 .. 23

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

54 84 224 .. 69.0 1.9 6.8 16 3.5 119 4.0 87 103

GHG Emissions and Energy Use CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) 0.6 CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 189.7 CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) 0.3 GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (1995, MtCO2e) –0.1 Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) .. Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) .. Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) .. Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) 213 Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 67.4 National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target

SubSaharan Africa

0.4 2.0 14 4.0

1.7 6.5 14 2.8

3.2 .. 50.9 11.7 121 24.6 26,113

18.7 .. .. 9.5 69 31.7 4,874

31 45 60 84 1,297 2,754 32.5 67.3 18.3 29.3 1.2 2.6 3.6 2.4 11,957 81,789

67 89

88 93

0.8 428.6 685

1.6 523.9 3,744

590 334 .. 689 308.4

1,705 687 17 680 217.9

11/13/2000 (1st) n/a .. Yes Yes

Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands) The Little Data Book on Climate Change

Lower middle income

0 0 n/a n/a 2011

53


Cayman Islands Population (thousands) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

56.2 3.8

GDP ($ millions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

.. ..

.. 1.4 to 1.8 .. –122 to 39 11 / 18 –2 / –2 Country data

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

60.3 59.6 .. 3.8 .. .. .. .. 8.7 .. .. ..

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

96 95 .. .. .. .. .. .. 3.0 .. .. 84 101

GHG Emissions and Energy Use 10.1 CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) .. CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 0.6 CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) .. GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (MtCO2e) .. Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) .. Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) .. Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) .. Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) .. Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $)

High income

2.2 7.7 .. 1.0 10.4 .. .. 13.4 6 .. .. 100 100 5,445 .. 87.3 10.7 1.8 ..

97 100 11.9 354.4 13,285 1,539 813 460 4,944 147.0

National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target

n/a n/a n/a n/a ..

Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands)

n/a n/a n/a n/a

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Central African Republic Population (millions) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

4.4 2.0

GDP ($ billions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

2.0 470

18 / 32 2.1 to 2.4 1,343 –73 to 100 5 / 23 –2 / –2 Country data

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

0.0 0.0 .. 2.3 0.2 0.0 .. 62.8 14.7 159 21.8 35,786

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

34 67 948 .. .. 0.5 3.6 10 .. 182 2.5 40 69

GHG Emissions and Energy Use CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) 0.1 CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 87.8 CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) 0.3 GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (1994, MtCO2e) –139.3 Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) .. Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) .. Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) .. Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) .. Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) .. National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target

SubSaharan Africa

0.4 2.0 14 4.0

0.7 5.1 11 3.7

3.2 3.7 .. .. 50.9 .. 11.7 10.6 121 108 24.6 28.3 26,113 16,659 31 60 1,297 32.5 18.3 1.2 3.6 11,957

35 63 2,047 23.0 14.1 0.7 3.2 4,471

67 89

65 91

0.8 428.6 685

0.3 270.2 219

590 334 .. 689 308.4

436 209 .. 365 303.9

6/10/2003 (1st) n/a Yes Yes ..

Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands) The Little Data Book on Climate Change

Low income

.. .. n/a n/a 2011

55


Chad Population (millions) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

11.2 3.1

GDP ($ billions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

19 / 35 2.3 to 2.6 322 –79 to 41 5 / 14 –2 / –2 Country data

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

0.0 0.0 .. 4.5 2.7 2.4 .. 61.9 9.4 173 33.9 39,508

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

9 50 880 .. 0.8 0.3 10.3 345 .. 183 2.2 33 64

GHG Emissions and Energy Use 0.0 CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) 36.8 CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 0.5 CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) –46.2 GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (1993, MtCO2e) .. Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) .. Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) .. Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) .. Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) .. Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands)

56

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The Little Data Book on Climate Change

SubSaharan Africa

0.4 2.0 14 4.0

Low income

0.7 5.1 11 3.7

3.2 3.7 .. .. 50.9 .. 11.7 10.6 121 108 24.6 28.3 26,113 16,659 31 60 1,297 32.5 18.3 1.2 3.6 11,957

35 63 2,047 23.0 14.1 0.7 3.2 4,471

67 89

65 91

0.8 428.6 685

0.3 270.2 219

590 334 .. 689 308.4

436 209 .. 365 303.9

10/29/2001 (1st) n/a Yes Yes .. .. .. n/a n/a


Channel Islands Population (thousands) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

153.4 0.5

GDP ($ billions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

11.5 67,960 .. .. .. .. .. ..

Country data

High income

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

.. .. .. 0.5 .. .. 0.0 .. .. .. .. ..

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

100 100 5,445 .. 87.3 10.7 1.8 ..

GHG Emissions and Energy Use CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (MtCO2e) Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

11.9 354.4 13,285

2.2 7.7 .. 1.0 10.4 .. .. 13.4 6 .. ..

97 100

1,539 813 460 4,944 147.0

National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target

n/a n/a n/a n/a ..

Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands)

n/a n/a n/a n/a

The Little Data Book on Climate Change

2011

57


Chile Population (millions) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

17.1 1.3

GDP ($ billions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

203.4 9,950

4 / 13 1.2 to 1.9 716 –118 to 24 4/7 –2 / –2 Latin Upper Country America & middle data the Carib. income

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

3.1 1.6 35 1.6 0.3 1.3 5.6 <2 16.5 9 0.5 ..

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

96 96 5,472 98.5 20.2 1.3 7.4 1,266 2.8 39 .. 95 99

79 68 93 92 3,337 3,690 93.4 98.0 28.1 50.5 6.9 4.5 2.3 2.7 33,064 26,166

GHG Emissions and Energy Use CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (1994, MtCO2e) Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $)

4.4 325.0 73.1 –9.2 18.1 8.1 0.0 1,826 134.3

2.8 5.3 285.6 659.4 1,584 12,860

National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands)

58

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1.5 3.8 35 2.0

1.8 6.5 22 2.3

2.0 .. 8.1 20.8 23 3.8 206

5.6 .. .. 13.6 20 4.1 80

102 102

1,009 442 21 1,245 130.6

98 103

3,455 1,144 243 1,848 227.1

2/8/2000 (1st) n/a Yes, with Goal n/a Yes 51 7,307 n/a n/a


China Population (millions) 1,338.3 Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010) 0.8

GDP ($ billions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

5,878.6 4,260 1 / 13 2.1 to 3.0 627 –37 to 86 3/6 –1 / –2

Country data

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

1.4 8.1 18 3.3 8.0 19.7 10.2 15.9 16.6 18 4.5 3

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

55 89 5,450 99.4 53.5 2.8 3.1 942 .. 91 .. .. 105

GHG Emissions and Energy Use CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) 5.3 CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 929.3 CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) 7,031.9 GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (1994, MtCO2e) –407.5 Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) 1,333.1 Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) 467.2 Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) 141.4 Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) 1,695 Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 273.2 National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target

East Asia & Pacific

Upper middle income

2.5 10.3 .. 3.3

1.8 6.5 22 2.3

10.8 .. 16.8 14.9 24 9.0 525

5.6 .. .. 13.6 20 4.1 80

59 68 88 92 4,860 3,690 90.8 98.0 15.9 50.5 2.8 4.5 3.0 2.7 14,638 26,166

97 103

4.3 5.3 827.1 659.4 8,259 12,860 1,928 707 .. 1,436 259.5

3,455 1,144 243 1,848 227.1

12/10/2004 (1st) n/a Yes, with Goal n/a Yes

Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands) The Little Data Book on Climate Change

98 103

1,604 430,696 n/a n/a 2011

59


Colombia Population (millions) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

46.3 1.7

GDP ($ billions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

288.2 5,510

20 / 29 1.8 to 2.5 2,612 –80 to 199 8 / 27 –2 / –3 Latin Upper Country America & middle data the Carib. income

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

0.9 2.0 38 2.1 0.7 0.6 .. 16.0 20.4 19 5.1 394

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

74 92 4,017 93.6 .. 1.4 2.3 3,549 3.8 42 .. 115 105

79 68 93 92 3,337 3,690 93.4 98.0 28.1 50.5 6.9 4.5 2.3 2.7 33,064 26,166

GHG Emissions and Energy Use CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (2004, MtCO2e) Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $)

1.5 182.3 67.7 26.0 58.1 21.3 0.1 697 84.5

2.8 5.3 285.6 659.4 1,584 12,860

National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands)

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The Little Data Book on Climate Change

1.5 3.8 35 2.0

1.8 6.5 22 2.3

2.0 .. 8.1 20.8 23 3.8 206

5.6 .. .. 13.6 20 4.1 80

102 102

1,009 442 21 1,245 130.6

98 103

3,455 1,144 243 1,848 227.1

12/7/2010 (2nd) n/a Yes, with Goal n/a .. 34 1,094 n/a n/a


Comoros Population (thousands) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

734.8 2.6

GDP ($ millions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

541.1 750 22 / 30 1.5 to 1.8 1,754 –9 to 140 12 / 19 –3 / –3

Country data

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

13.5 14.0 .. 2.6 0.0 0.8 .. 46.1 0.0 86 25.0 24,619

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

36 95 1,064 .. 76.5 0.9 1.7 1 1.8 157 2.4 81 84

SubSaharan Africa

0.4 2.0 14 4.0

Low income

0.7 5.1 11 3.7

3.2 3.7 .. .. 50.9 .. 11.7 10.6 121 108 24.6 28.3 26,113 16,659 31 60 1,297 32.5 18.3 1.2 3.6 11,957

35 63 2,047 23.0 14.1 0.7 3.2 4,471

67 89

65 91

GHG Emissions and Energy Use CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) 0.2 CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 179.3 CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) 0.1 GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (1994, MtCO2e) –0.9 Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) .. Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) .. Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) .. Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) 60 Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 59.5

0.8 428.6 685

0.3 270.2 219

590 334 .. 689 308.4

436 209 .. 365 303.9

National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target

4/5/2003 (1st) n/a .. Yes ..

Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands) The Little Data Book on Climate Change

.. .. n/a n/a 2011

61


Congo, Dem. Rep. Population (millions) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

66.0 3.0

GDP ($ billions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

18 / 30 2.1 to 2.4 1,543 –48 to 128 6 / 25 –2 / –3 Country data

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

0.0 0.0 18 4.2 0.0 0.1 .. 59.2 10.0 170 28.2 37,400

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

23 46 789 11.1 1.8 0.6 22.4 174 .. 178 2.2 56 77

GHG Emissions and Energy Use 0.0 CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) 151.2 CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 2.8 CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) –178.8 GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (2003, MtCO2e) 56.4 Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) 54.6 Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) 0.0 Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) 357 Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 1,196.4 National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands)

62

2011

13.1 180

The Little Data Book on Climate Change

SubSaharan Africa

0.4 2.0 14 4.0

Low income

0.7 5.1 11 3.7

3.2 3.7 .. .. 50.9 .. 11.7 10.6 121 108 24.6 28.3 26,113 16,659 31 60 1,297 32.5 18.3 1.2 3.6 11,957

35 63 2,047 23.0 14.1 0.7 3.2 4,471

67 89

65 91

0.8 428.6 685

0.3 270.2 219

590 334 .. 689 308.4

436 209 .. 365 303.9

11/28/2009 (2nd) n/a .. Yes .. 2 0 n/a n/a


Congo, Rep. Population (millions) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

4.0 2.6

GDP ($ billions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

11.9 2,150

20 / 29 2.0 to 2.3 1,646 –40 to 134 9 / 26 –2 / –3 Country data

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

0.1 1.0 33 3.3 0.3 0.0 .. 54.1 9.4 93 11.8 34,298

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

30 71 862 37.1 7.1 0.9 23.7 77 .. 181 2.6 74 92

GHG Emissions and Energy Use CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) 0.5 CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 147.0 CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) 1.9 GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (2000, MtCO2e) -82.1 Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) 5.6 Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) 3.6 Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) 0.0 Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) 356 Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 99.1 National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target

SubSaharan Africa

0.4 2.0 14 4.0

1.7 6.5 14 2.8

3.2 .. 50.9 11.7 121 24.6 26,113

18.7 .. .. 9.5 69 31.7 4,874

31 45 60 84 1,297 2,754 32.5 67.3 18.3 29.3 1.2 2.6 3.6 2.4 11,957 81,789

67 89

88 93

0.8 428.6 685

1.6 523.9 3,744

590 334 .. 689 308.4

1,705 687 17 680 217.9

11/27/2009 (2nd) n/a Yes n/a ..

Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands) The Little Data Book on Climate Change

Lower middle income

.. .. n/a n/a 2011

63


Cook Islands Population (thousands) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

20.3 0.7

GDP ($ millions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

.. ..

22 / 28 1.3 to 1.7 1,925 –57 to 174 11 / 16 –3 / –3 Country data

East Asia & Pacific

Upper middle income

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

87.9 62.0 .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.8 9 .. ..

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

100 94 .. .. .. 5.9 .. .. 3.5 .. .. 102 106

59 68 88 92 4,860 3,690 90.8 98.0 15.9 50.5 2.8 4.5 3.0 2.7 14,638 26,166

GHG Emissions and Energy Use CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (1994, MtCO2e) Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $)

3.4 .. 0.1 –0.2 .. .. .. .. ..

4.3 5.3 827.1 659.4 8,259 12,860

National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands)

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2.5 10.3 .. 3.3

1.8 6.5 22 2.3

10.8 .. 16.8 14.9 24 9.0 525

5.6 .. .. 13.6 20 4.1 80

97 103

1,928 707 .. 1,436 259.5

98 103

3,455 1,144 243 1,848 227.1

10/30/1999 (1st) n/a .. n/a .. .. .. n/a n/a


Costa Rica Population (millions) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

4.7 2.1

GDP ($ billions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

34.6 6,550

20 / 30 1.6 to 2.3 2,926 –239 to 60 12 / 27 –3 / –3 Latin Upper Country America & middle data the Carib. income

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

2.1 0.8 31 3.3 0.7 2.4 1.5 <2 20.9 10 .. 51

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

95 97 3,770 99.3 25.3 2.3 4.1 144 4.5 121 .. 96 102

GHG Emissions and Energy Use 1.8 CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) 171.0 CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 8.0 CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) -3.5 GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (2005, MtCO2e) 2.6 Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) 1.3 Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) 0.1 Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) 1,067 Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 106.1 National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target

1.8 6.5 22 2.3

2.0 .. 8.1 20.8 23 3.8 206

5.6 .. .. 13.6 20 4.1 80

79 68 93 92 3,337 3,690 93.4 98.0 28.1 50.5 6.9 4.5 2.3 2.7 33,064 26,166

102 102

98 103

2.8 5.3 285.6 659.4 1,584 12,860 1,009 442 21 1,245 130.6

3,455 1,144 243 1,848 227.1

10/7/2009 (2nd) n/a Yes, with Goal n/a ..

Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands) The Little Data Book on Climate Change

1.5 3.8 35 2.0

8 320 n/a n/a 2011

65


Côte d’Ivoire Population (millions) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

19.7 2.3

GDP ($ billions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

21 / 32 1.8 to 2.4 1,348 –125 to 73 7 / 23 –2 / –2 Country data

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

0.2 3.2 21 3.4 0.0 1.8 .. 23.8 22.6 123 16.7 36,482

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

23 80 1,900 47.3 7.9 0.6 1.8 319 2.5 167 2.4 46 69

GHG Emissions and Energy Use CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) 0.4 CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 223.0 CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) 7.0 GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (2000, MtCO2e) –18.4 Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) 11.0 Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) 7.4 Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) 0.0 Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) 535 Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 317.2 National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands)

66

2011

22.8 1,160

The Little Data Book on Climate Change

SubSaharan Africa

Lower middle income

0.4 2.0 14 4.0

1.7 6.5 14 2.8

3.2 .. 50.9 11.7 121 24.6 26,113

18.7 .. .. 9.5 69 31.7 4,874

31 45 60 84 1,297 2,754 32.5 67.3 18.3 29.3 1.2 2.6 3.6 2.4 11,957 81,789

67 89

88 93

0.8 428.6 685

1.6 523.9 3,744

590 334 .. 689 308.4

1,705 687 17 680 217.9

4/26/2010 (2nd) n/a Yes n/a .. 3 0 n/a n/a


Croatia Population (millions) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

4.4 –0.4

GDP ($ billions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

60.9 13,780

6 / 16 1.9 to 2.9 1,113 –112 to –2 3/6 –2 / –2 Country data

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

3.0 3.4 .. 0.0 0.0 .. 0.4 <2 7.3 6 1.0 ..

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

99 99 6,117 .. 86.9 2.7 0.5 719 .. 80 .. 97 102

GHG Emissions and Energy Use 5.3 CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 303.5 23.3 CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) -8.7 GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (2009, MtCO2e) 3.9 Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) 2.9 Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) 0.1 Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) 1,965 Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 120.6

High income

2.2 7.7 .. 1.0 10.4 .. .. 13.4 6 .. .. 100 100 5,445 .. 87.3 10.7 1.8 ..

97 100 11.9 354.4 13,285 1,539 813 460 4,944 147.0

National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target (base year: 1990) NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target

.. 5% n/a n/a ..

Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands)

n/a n/a .. ..

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2011

67


Cuba Population (millions) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

11.3 0.3

GDP ($ billions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

62.7 5,520

20 / 30 1.4 to 1.8 1,335 –108 to 39 11 / 18 –2 / –2 Latin Upper Country America & middle data the Carib. income

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

12.7 10.0 19 0.5 0.7 19.8 .. .. 6.2 6 3.4 ..

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

91 94 2,069 97.0 49.0 15.0 0.0 60 4.5 .. .. 98 99

GHG Emissions and Energy Use CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) 2.8 CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) .. CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) 31.4 GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (1996, MtCO2e) –21.7 Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) 9.5 Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) 6.4 Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) 0.1 Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) 1,022 Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) .. National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands)

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1.5 3.8 35 2.0

1.8 6.5 22 2.3

2.0 .. 8.1 20.8 23 3.8 206

5.6 .. .. 13.6 20 4.1 80

79 68 93 92 3,337 3,690 93.4 98.0 28.1 50.5 6.9 4.5 2.3 2.7 33,064 26,166

102 102

98 103

2.8 5.3 285.6 659.4 1,584 12,860 1,009 442 21 1,245 130.6

3,455 1,144 243 1,848 227.1

9/28/2001 (1st) n/a .. n/a .. 2 171 n/a n/a


Curaçao Population (thousands) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

142.7 –0.1

GDP ($ millions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Country data

High income

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

100 100 5,445 .. 87.3 10.7 1.8 ..

GHG Emissions and Energy Use CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (MtCO2e) Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

11.9 354.4 13,285

2.2 7.7 .. 1.0 10.4 .. .. 13.4 6 .. ..

97 100

1,539 813 460 4,944 147.0

National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target

n/a n/a n/a n/a ..

Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands)

n/a n/a n/a n/a

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69


Cyprus Population (millions) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

1.1 1.8

GDP ($ billions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

13 / 24 1.7 to 2.3 498 –98 to –44 4/7 –2 / –2 Country data

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

6.4 9.7 .. 2.1 0.0 24.5 20.8 .. 11.0 4 .. ..

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

100 100 900 .. 64.6 6.3 23.4 .. .. 40 .. 103 100

GHG Emissions and Energy Use 7.9 CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) 410.2 CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 8.6 CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) .. GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (MtCO2e) 0.6 Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) 0.3 Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) 0.2 Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) 2,298 Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 121.4 National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target (base year: 1990) NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands)

70

2011

25.0 30,480

The Little Data Book on Climate Change

High income

2.2 7.7 .. 1.0 10.4 .. .. 13.4 6 .. .. 100 100 5,445 .. 87.3 10.7 1.8 ..

97 100 11.9 354.4 13,285 1,539 813 460 4,944 147.0 .. 20% / 30% .. n/a Yes 8 0 n/a n/a


Czech Republic Population (millions) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

10.5 0.1

GDP ($ billions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

192.2 17,890 3 / 12 1.9 to 2.8 677 –43 to 55 3/5 –1 / –2

Country data

High income

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

0.0 0.0 11 0.0 0.2 13.6 0.3 <2 15.1 4 2.1 ..

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

98 100 5,074 .. 100.0 12.2 3.5 .. 2.8 64 .. 99 101

100 100 5,445 .. 87.3 10.7 1.8 ..

GHG Emissions and Energy Use CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (2009, MtCO2e) Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $)

11.2 483.3 117.0 –6.9 11.5 8.9 1.1 4,022 178.3

11.9 354.4 13,285

National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target (base year: 1990) NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target

2.2 7.7 .. 1.0 10.4 .. .. 13.4 6 .. ..

97 100

1,539 813 460 4,944 147.0 11/30/2009 (5th) 20% / 30% (EU) n/a n/a Yes

Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands) The Little Data Book on Climate Change

n/a n/a 58 607 2011

71


Denmark Population (millions) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

5.5 0.4

GDP ($ billions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

4 / 11 1.6 to 2.5 703 21 to 87 3/5 –2 / –2 Country data

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

17.7 18.5 21 0.5 0.0 17.4 9.6 .. 5.0 4 .. ..

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

100 100 6,776 .. 100.0 18.0 -0.2 .. .. 5 .. 97 102

GHG Emissions and Energy Use 8.4 CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 246.4 46.0 CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) –1.1 GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (2009, MtCO2e) 7.9 Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) 6.3 Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) 1.4 Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) 3,550 Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 108.9 National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target (base year: 1990) NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands)

72

2011

310.4 59,210

The Little Data Book on Climate Change

High income

2.2 7.7 .. 1.0 10.4 .. .. 13.4 6 .. .. 100 100 5,445 .. 87.3 10.7 1.8 ..

97 100 11.9 354.4 13,285 1,539 813 460 4,944 147.0 1/11/2010 (5th) 20% / 30% (EU) n/a n/a Yes n/a n/a .. ..


Djibouti Population (thousands) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

888.7 2.3

GDP ($ billions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

1.0 1,270 23 / 33 2.0 to 2.7 220 –29 to 57 7 / 16 –2 / –3

Country data

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

2.6 7.6 .. 3.0 6.8 6.3 .. 18.8 0.0 91 29.6 467

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

56 92 1,111 .. 45.0 0.8 9.2 396 .. 170 2.8 35 82

GHG Emissions and Energy Use CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) 0.6 CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 302.5 CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) 0.5 GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (1994, MtCO2e) –0.6 Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) .. Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) .. Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) .. Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) 170 Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 87.3 National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target

Middle East & N. Africa

1.4 9.7 20 2.5

1.7 6.5 14 2.8

121.9 .. 3.6 4.0 34 6.8 ..

18.7 .. .. 9.5 69 31.7 4,874

84 45 87 84 2,512 2,754 92.9 67.3 74.3 29.3 3.6 2.6 2.9 2.4 5,854 81,789

88 93

88 93

3.8 604.6 1,230

1.6 523.9 3,744

287 74 7 1,399 213.9

1,705 687 17 680 217.9

6/2/2002 (1st) n/a .. Yes ..

Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands) The Little Data Book on Climate Change

Lower middle income

.. .. n/a n/a 2011

73


Dominica Population (thousands) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

67.8 –0.2

GDP ($ millions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

382.8 5,410

19 / 26 1.3 to 1.7 3,436 -106 to 42 13 / 24 -3 / -3 Latin Upper Country America & middle data the Carib. income

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

9.4 10.4 .. 0.3 .. .. .. .. 21.7 12 .. ..

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

81 95 1,437 .. 50.4 .. 8.1 5 .. 65 3.9 89 102

GHG Emissions and Energy Use 1.9 CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) 214.5 CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 0.1 CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) –0.4 GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (1994, MtCO2e) .. Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) .. Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) .. Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) 628 Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 74.4 National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands)

74

2011

The Little Data Book on Climate Change

1.5 3.8 35 2.0

1.8 6.5 22 2.3

2.0 .. 8.1 20.8 23 3.8 206

5.6 .. .. 13.6 20 4.1 80

79 68 93 92 3,337 3,690 93.4 98.0 28.1 50.5 6.9 4.5 2.3 2.7 33,064 26,166

102 102

98 103

2.8 5.3 285.6 659.4 1,584 12,860 1,009 442 21 1,245 130.6

3,455 1,144 243 1,848 227.1

12/4/2001 (1st) n/a .. n/a .. .. .. n/a n/a


Dominican Republic Population (millions) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

9.9 1.6

GDP ($ billions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

51.6 5,000

20 / 29 1.5 to 1.8 1,410 –128 to 30 12 / 24 –3 / –3 Latin Upper Country America & middle data the Carib. income

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

4.1 3.0 22 2.8 0.1 16.6 9.0 4.3 22.1 27 3.4 46

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

83 86 2,846 95.9 49.4 3.7 3.2 69 3.0 108 .. 90 97

GHG Emissions and Energy Use CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) 2.2 CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 289.4 CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) 21.6 GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (2000, MtCO2e) –18.8 Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) 6.1 Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) 2.3 Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) 0.0 Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) 826 Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 104.7 National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target

1.8 6.5 22 2.3

2.0 .. 8.1 20.8 23 3.8 206

5.6 .. .. 13.6 20 4.1 80

79 68 93 92 3,337 3,690 93.4 98.0 28.1 50.5 6.9 4.5 2.3 2.7 33,064 26,166

102 102

98 103

2.8 5.3 285.6 659.4 1,584 12,860 1,009 442 21 1,245 130.6

3,455 1,144 243 1,848 227.1

11/17/2009 (2nd) n/a .. n/a Yes

Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands) The Little Data Book on Climate Change

1.5 3.8 35 2.0

2 12 n/a n/a 2011

75


Ecuador Population (millions) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

14.5 1.7

GDP ($ billions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

58.9 4,290 16 / 28 1.8 to 2.3 2,087 22 to 273 10 / 24 –3 / –3

Latin Upper Country America & middle data the Carib. income

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

2.0 7.3 31 2.7 0.3 3.5 12.6 4.4 25.1 20 6.2 63

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

92 94 2,974 92.2 14.8 3.1 0.3 239 4.8 130 .. 106 102

GHG Emissions and Energy Use 1.9 CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 263.2 26.8 CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) 46.9 GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (1990, MtCO2e) 17.1 Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) 4.6 Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) 0.1 Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) 796 Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 111.0 National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands)

76

2011

The Little Data Book on Climate Change

1.5 3.8 35 2.0

1.8 6.5 22 2.3

2.0 .. 8.1 20.8 23 3.8 206

5.6 .. .. 13.6 20 4.1 80

79 68 93 92 3,337 3,690 93.4 98.0 28.1 50.5 6.9 4.5 2.3 2.7 33,064 26,166

102 102

98 103

2.8 5.3 285.6 659.4 1,584 12,860 1,009 442 21 1,245 130.6

3,455 1,144 243 1,848 227.1

11/15/2000 (1st) n/a .. n/a .. 17 1,184 n/a n/a


Egypt, Arab Rep. Population (millions) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

81.1 1.8

GDP ($ billions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

15 / 29 1.9 to 2.4 51 –20 to 1 4/8 –2 / –2 Country data

Exposure to Impacts 4.0 Land area below 5m (% of land area) 25.6 Population below 5m (% of total) 19 Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) 1.7 Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) 0.0 Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) 3,788.9 Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) .. Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) <2 Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) 5.9 Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) 22 Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) 6.8 Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) 0 Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people) Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

218.9 2,440

94 99 7,571 99.6 86.9 6.4 2.9 2,588 .. 110 .. 96 96

GHG Emissions and Energy Use CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) 2.7 CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 514.8 CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) 210.3 GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (1990, MtCO2e) –9.9 Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) 47.0 Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) 19.0 Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) 3.2 Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) 903 Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 164.5 National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target

Middle East & N. Africa

1.4 9.7 20 2.5

1.7 6.5 14 2.8

121.9 .. 3.6 4.0 34 6.8 ..

18.7 .. .. 9.5 69 31.7 4,874

84 45 87 84 2,512 2,754 92.9 67.3 74.3 29.3 3.6 2.6 2.9 2.4 5,854 81,789

88 93

88 93

3.8 604.6 1,230

1.6 523.9 3,744

287 74 7 1,399 213.9

1,705 687 17 680 217.9

6/7/2010 (2nd) n/a .. n/a Yes

Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands) The Little Data Book on Climate Change

Lower middle income

9 7,012 n/a n/a 2011

77


El Salvador Population (millions) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

6.2 0.7

GDP ($ billions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

21.8 3,360

18 / 31 1.7 to 2.9 1,724 –205 to 14 9 / 25 –2 / –2 Latin Lower Country America & middle data the Carib. income

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

2.5 1.7 25 1.8 0.4 7.8 2.1 5.1 0.8 16 6.1 1

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

87 87 2,727 86.4 19.8 2.0 0.0 152 3.3 112 .. 89 98

GHG Emissions and Energy Use 1.0 CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 158.9 6.1 CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) 3.9 GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (1994, MtCO2e) 3.1 Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) 1.4 Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) 0.1 Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) 828 Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 137.5 National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands)

78

2011

The Little Data Book on Climate Change

1.5 3.8 35 2.0

1.7 6.5 14 2.8

2.0 .. 8.1 20.8 23 3.8 206

18.7 .. .. 9.5 69 31.7 4,874

79 45 93 84 3,337 2,754 93.4 67.3 28.1 29.3 6.9 2.6 2.3 2.4 33,064 81,789

102 102

88 93

2.8 285.6 1,584

1.6 523.9 3,744

1,009 442 21 1,245 130.6

1,705 687 17 680 217.9

4/10/2000 (1st) n/a .. n/a .. 6 790 n/a n/a


Equatorial Guinea Population (thousands) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

700.4 3.1

GDP ($ billions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

14.0 14,540

21 / 29 1.8 to 2.1 2,156 –16 to 129 13 / 27 –3 / –3 Country data

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

0.9 2.6 .. 3.8 .. 0.1 .. .. 19.2 121 10.6 27,726

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

51 43 .. .. .. 0.8 5.0 .. .. 155 .. 50 83

GHG Emissions and Energy Use CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) 7.3 CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 234.6 CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) 4.8 GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (MtCO2e) .. Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) .. Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) .. Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) .. Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) 2,732 Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 94.9

High income

2.2 7.7 .. 1.0 10.4 .. .. 13.4 6 .. .. 100 100 5,445 .. 87.3 10.7 1.8 ..

97 100 11.9 354.4 13,285 1,539 813 460 4,944 147.0

National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target

.. n/a .. .. ..

Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands)

0 0 n/a n/a

The Little Data Book on Climate Change

2011

79


Eritrea Population (millions) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

5.3 2.5

GDP ($ billions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

19 / 32 2.1 to 2.7 384 –55 to 26 7 / 14 –2 / –2 Country data

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

3.1 1.2 .. 4.1 7.3 20.8 .. .. 5.0 61 34.5 762

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

14 61 500 32.0 21.8 0.6 2.6 40 .. 180 2.7 48 77

GHG Emissions and Energy Use 0.1 CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) 171.0 CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 0.4 CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) 1.7 GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (1994, MtCO2e) 2.5 Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) 1.2 Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) 0.0 Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) 142 Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 288.2 National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands)

80

2011

2.1 340

The Little Data Book on Climate Change

SubSaharan Africa

0.4 2.0 14 4.0

Low income

0.7 5.1 11 3.7

3.2 3.7 .. .. 50.9 .. 11.7 10.6 121 108 24.6 28.3 26,113 16,659 31 60 1,297 32.5 18.3 1.2 3.6 11,957

35 63 2,047 23.0 14.1 0.7 3.2 4,471

67 89

65 91

0.8 428.6 685

0.3 270.2 219

590 334 .. 689 308.4

436 209 .. 365 303.9

9/16/2002 (1st) n/a Yes Yes .. .. .. n/a n/a


Estonia Population (millions) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

1.3 –0.8

GDP ($ billions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

18.7 14,370 2/9 2.2 to 3.2 626 33 to 93 2/5 –2 / –2

Country data

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

3.4 7.2 .. -0.9 0.0 1.2 .. <2 20.0 5 .. ..

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

95 98 2,761 .. 28.8 10.2 8.2 .. .. 24 .. 100 101

High income

2.2 7.7 .. 1.0 10.4 .. .. 13.4 6 .. .. 100 100 5,445 .. 87.3 10.7 1.8 ..

97 100

GHG Emissions and Energy Use CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) 13.6 CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 731.7 CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) 18.3 GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (2009, MtCO2e) –7.0 Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) 2.1 Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) 0.9 Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) 0.0 Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) 4,085 Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 249.8 National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target (base year: 1990) NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target

11.9 354.4 13,285 1,539 813 460 4,944 147.0 2/12/2010 (5th) 20% / 30% (EU) n/a n/a Yes

Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands) The Little Data Book on Climate Change

n/a n/a 12 0 2011

81


Ethiopia Population (millions) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

82.9 2.7

GDP ($ billions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

16 / 29 2.1 to 2.5 848 –42 to 79 7 / 21 –2 / –3 Country data

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

0.7 0.4 4 4.4 3.3 4.6 0.5 39.0 18.4 106 34.6 11,509

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

12 38 1,677 17.0 13.7 0.3 0.6 4 .. 111 3.2 55 88

GHG Emissions and Energy Use 0.1 CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 109.9 7.1 CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) –9.9 GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (1995, MtCO2e) 52.2 Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) 30.5 Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) 0.0 Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) 402 Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 464.6 National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands)

82

2011

29.7 390

The Little Data Book on Climate Change

SubSaharan Africa

0.4 2.0 14 4.0

Low income

0.7 5.1 11 3.7

3.2 3.7 .. .. 50.9 .. 11.7 10.6 121 108 24.6 28.3 26,113 16,659 31 60 1,297 32.5 18.3 1.2 3.6 11,957

35 63 2,047 23.0 14.1 0.7 3.2 4,471

67 89

65 91

0.8 428.6 685

0.3 270.2 219

590 334 .. 689 308.4

436 209 .. 365 303.9

10/16/2001 (1st) n/a Yes Yes .. 1 0 n/a n/a


Faeroe Islands Population (thousands) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

48.7 0.1

GDP ($ billions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

2.2 .. 4/8 0.6 to 1.6 1,578 16 to 95 4/5 –1 / –1

Country data

High income

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

14.5 11.0 .. 1.8 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

100 100 5,445 .. 87.3 10.7 1.8 ..

14.6 .. 0.7 .. .. .. .. .. ..

11.9 354.4 13,285

GHG Emissions and Energy Use CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (MtCO2e) Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $)

2.2 7.7 .. 1.0 10.4 .. .. 13.4 6 .. ..

97 100

1,539 813 460 4,944 147.0

National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target

n/a n/a n/a n/a ..

Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands)

n/a n/a n/a n/a

The Little Data Book on Climate Change

2011

83


Fiji Population (thousands) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

860.6 0.8

GDP ($ billions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

21 / 28 1.3 to 1.7 2,593 –93 to 271 10 / 18 –3 / –3 Country data

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

11.4 11.0 .. 2.1 1.7 0.3 .. .. 1.3 17 .. ..

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

.. .. 2,458 .. 49.2 2.4 4.3 90 2.8 77 .. 92 103

GHG Emissions and Energy Use 1.5 CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 348.5 1.3 CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) –7.7 GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (1994, MtCO2e) .. Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) .. Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) .. Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) 627 Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 145.9 National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands)

84

2011

3.0 3,580

The Little Data Book on Climate Change

East Asia & Pacific

Lower middle income

2.5 10.3 .. 3.3

1.7 6.5 14 2.8

10.8 .. 16.8 14.9 24 9.0 525

18.7 .. .. 9.5 69 31.7 4,874

59 45 88 84 4,860 2,754 90.8 67.3 15.9 29.3 2.8 2.6 3.0 2.4 14,638 81,789

97 103

88 93

4.3 827.1 8,259

1.6 523.9 3,744

1,928 707 .. 1,436 259.5

1,705 687 17 680 217.9

5/18/2006 (1st) n/a .. n/a Yes 2 36 n/a n/a


Finland Population (millions) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

5.4 0.4

GDP ($ billions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

238.8 47,160 –2 / 6 2.4 to 3.7 536 37 to 103 2/4 –2 / –2

Country data

High income

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

1.1 4.4 21 0.6 0.0 2.1 2.8 .. 9.1 3 .. ..

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

100 100 3,760 .. 65.5 2.7 1.8 .. 3.5 11 .. 97 102

100 100 5,445 .. 87.3 10.7 1.8 ..

GHG Emissions and Energy Use CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (2009, MtCO2e) Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $)

10.6 316.3 56.5 –40.6 9.7 7.1 0.8 6,639 210.6

11.9 354.4 13,285

National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target (base year: 1990) NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target

2.2 7.7 .. 1.0 10.4 .. .. 13.4 6 .. ..

97 100

1,539 813 460 4,944 147.0 12/23/2009 (5th) 20% / 30% (EU) n/a n/a Yes

Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands) The Little Data Book on Climate Change

n/a n/a 3 245 2011

85


France Population (millions) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

64.9 0.5

GDP ($ billions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

2,560.0 42,390 7 / 15 1.6 to 2.6 867 –112 to 2 4/6 –1 / –1

Country data

High income

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

2.1 4.0 22 0.8 0.0 15.9 5.1 .. 15.1 4 .. ..

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

100 100 7,456 .. 100.0 8.9 1.3 .. .. 29 .. 98 100

100 100 5,445 .. 87.3 10.7 1.8 ..

GHG Emissions and Energy Use CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (2009, MtCO2e) Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $)

5.9 193.5 377.0 –63.9 77.3 49.1 15.5 4,073 137.4

11.9 354.4 13,285

National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target (base year: 1990) NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands)

86

2011

The Little Data Book on Climate Change

2.2 7.7 .. 1.0 10.4 .. .. 13.4 6 .. ..

97 100

1,539 813 460 4,944 147.0 2/8/2010 (5th) 20% / 30% (EU) n/a n/a Yes n/a n/a 17 3,535


French Polynesia Population (thousands) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

270.8 1.6

GDP ($ millions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

.. ..

.. 1.3 to 1.7 .. –79 to 283 16 / 25 –3 / –3 Country data

High income

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

37.6 19.8 .. 1.2 .. .. .. .. 0.4 .. .. ..

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

98 100 .. .. .. 1.7 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

100 100 5,445 .. 87.3 10.7 1.8 ..

GHG Emissions and Energy Use CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (MtCO2e) Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $)

3.4 .. 0.9 .. .. .. .. .. ..

11.9 354.4 13,285

2.2 7.7 .. 1.0 10.4 .. .. 13.4 6 .. ..

97 100

1,539 813 460 4,944 147.0

National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target

n/a n/a n/a n/a ..

Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands)

n/a n/a n/a n/a

The Little Data Book on Climate Change

2011

87


Gabon Population (millions) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

1.5 2.4

GDP ($ billions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

21 / 29 1.8 to 2.2 1,831 –51 to 148 14 / 27 –3 / –3 Country data

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

0.5 5.9 .. 3.5 .. 0.1 .. 4.8 14.9 74 8.8 29,451

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

33 87 2,389 36.7 10.2 5.3 1.3 125 .. 156 .. 70 96

GHG Emissions and Energy Use 1.7 CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 126.8 2.5 CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) –500.9 GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (1994, MtCO2e) 8.2 Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) 0.5 Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) 0.0 Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) 1,214 Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 93.3 National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands)

88

2011

13.0 7,740

The Little Data Book on Climate Change

SubSaharan Africa

Upper middle income

0.4 2.0 14 4.0

1.8 6.5 22 2.3

3.2 .. 50.9 11.7 121 24.6 26,113

5.6 .. .. 13.6 20 4.1 80

31 68 60 92 1,297 3,690 32.5 98.0 18.3 50.5 1.2 4.5 3.6 2.7 11,957 26,166

67 89

98 103

0.8 5.3 428.6 659.4 685 12,860 590 334 .. 689 308.4

3,455 1,144 243 1,848 227.1

12/22/2004 (1st) n/a Yes n/a Yes .. .. n/a n/a


Gambia, The Population (millions) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

1.7 2.9

GDP ($ millions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

806.5 450 20 / 35 2.1 to 2.7 837 –87 to 26 7 / 17 –2 / –3

Country data

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

16.6 33.4 .. 5.0 0.2 2.4 .. 34.3 1.5 98 15.8 31,925

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

67 92 1,049 .. 19.3 0.6 4.6 35 .. 149 3.0 72 100

GHG Emissions and Energy Use CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) 0.3 CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 209.4 CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) 0.4 GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (1993, MtCO2e) –50.0 Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) .. Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) .. Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) .. Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) 84 Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 71.5 National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target

SubSaharan Africa

0.4 2.0 14 4.0

0.7 5.1 11 3.7

3.2 3.7 .. .. 50.9 .. 11.7 10.6 121 108 24.6 28.3 26,113 16,659 31 60 1,297 32.5 18.3 1.2 3.6 11,957

35 63 2,047 23.0 14.1 0.7 3.2 4,471

67 89

65 91

0.8 428.6 685

0.3 270.2 219

590 334 .. 689 308.4

436 209 .. 365 303.9

10/6/2003 (1st) n/a .. Yes ..

Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands) The Little Data Book on Climate Change

Low income

.. .. n/a n/a 2011

89


Georgia Population (millions) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

4.5 –0.4

GDP ($ billions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

0 / 11 1.9 to 3.0 1,026 –77 to -3 3/6 –1 / –1 Country data

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

1.4 3.3 25 -0.6 0.8 2.8 4.0 15.3 3.7 22 2.3 0

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

95 98 1,918 .. 94.1 8.4 4.7 61 2.8 16 3.9 107 96

GHG Emissions and Energy Use 1.2 CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 262.8 5.2 CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) 1.0 GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (1994, MtCO2e) 4.4 Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) 2.0 Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) 0.0 Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) 723 Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 167.4 National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands)

90

2011

11.7 2,690

The Little Data Book on Climate Change

Europe & Central Asia

Lower middle income

2.5 3.0 18 0.3

1.7 6.5 14 2.8

6.5 .. 3.7 7.5 23 .. ..

18.7 .. .. 9.5 69 31.7 4,874

89 45 95 84 2,475 2,754 .. 67.3 85.8 29.3 9.9 2.6 2.8 2.4 22,652 81,789

95 97

88 93

7.7 708.0 3,110

1.6 523.9 3,744

937 214 76 2,833 276.8

1,705 687 17 680 217.9

10/2/2009 (2nd) n/a Yes n/a .. 2 53 n/a n/a


Germany Population (millions) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

81.7 0.1

GDP ($ billions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

3,309.7 43,290 5 / 12 1.7 to 2.6 700 –38 to 57 3/5 –1 / –2

Country data

High income

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

4.9 4.4 8 0.2 0.0 36.6 .. .. 40.5 4 1.1 ..

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

100 100 7,201 .. 100.0 14.4 1.4 .. 4.3 19 .. 104 96

100 100 5,445 .. 87.3 10.7 1.8 ..

GHG Emissions and Energy Use CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (2009, MtCO2e) Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $)

9.6 283.8 786.7 17.6 67.6 56.6 31.5 4,057 121.1

11.9 354.4 13,285

National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target (base year: 1990) NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target

2.2 7.7 .. 1.0 10.4 .. .. 13.4 6 .. ..

97 100

1,539 813 460 4,944 147.0 2/11/2010 (5th) 20% / 30% (EU) n/a n/a Yes

Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands) The Little Data Book on Climate Change

n/a n/a 11 2,087 2011

91


Ghana Population (millions) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

24.4 2.5

GDP ($ billions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

31.3 1,230

22 / 32 1.8 to 2.4 1,187 –159 to 83 7 / 22 –2 / –2 Country data

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

0.8 2.3 17 4.2 1.0 3.2 .. 30.0 14.0 74 14.3 31,179

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

13 82 1,660 60.5 14.9 1.1 8.1 290 3.3 63 3.7 83 95

SubSaharan Africa

Lower middle income

0.4 2.0 14 4.0

1.7 6.5 14 2.8

3.2 .. 50.9 11.7 121 24.6 26,113

18.7 .. .. 9.5 69 31.7 4,874

31 45 60 84 1,297 2,754 32.5 67.3 18.3 29.3 1.2 2.6 3.6 2.4 11,957 81,789

67 89

88 93

GHG Emissions and Energy Use 0.4 CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) 267.6 CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 8.6 CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) –19.0 GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (1996, MtCO2e) 9.0 Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) 4.9 Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) 0.0 Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) 388 Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 275.0

0.8 428.6 685

1.6 523.9 3,744

590 334 .. 689 308.4

1,705 687 17 680 217.9

National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target

5/2/2001 (1st) n/a Yes n/a Yes

Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands)

92

2011

The Little Data Book on Climate Change

0 0 n/a n/a


Gibraltar Population (thousands) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

29.2 0.4

GDP ($ millions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

.. ..

13 / 22 1.8 to 2.7 618 –100 to –26 3/8 –2 / –2 Country data

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

100.0 100.0 .. .. .. .. .. .. 4.7 .. .. ..

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

GHG Emissions and Energy Use CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) 14.4 CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) .. CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) 0.4 GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (MtCO2e) .. Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) 0.0 Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) 0.0 Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) 0.0 Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) 5,597 Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) ..

High income

2.2 7.7 .. 1.0 10.4 .. .. 13.4 6 .. .. 100 100 5,445 .. 87.3 10.7 1.8 ..

97 100 11.9 354.4 13,285 1,539 813 460 4,944 147.0

National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target

n/a n/a n/a n/a ..

Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands)

n/a n/a n/a n/a

The Little Data Book on Climate Change

2011

93


Greece Population (millions) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

11.3 0.5

GDP ($ billions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

11 / 20 1.7 to 2.6 652 -110 to -40 3/6 -2 / -2 Country data

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

6.3 9.9 29 0.8 0.0 12.2 16.9 .. 13.8 4 .. ..

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

98 100 4,103 .. 91.8 9.7 0.7 .. .. 100 .. 101 97

GHG Emissions and Energy Use 8.7 CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 323.6 97.8 CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) –3.0 GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (2009, MtCO2e) 7.3 Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) 6.0 Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) 1.8 Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) 2,387 Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 95.5 National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target (base year: 1990) NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands)

94

2011

304.9 27,260

The Little Data Book on Climate Change

High income

2.2 7.7 .. 1.0 10.4 .. .. 13.4 6 .. .. 100 100 5,445 .. 87.3 10.7 1.8 ..

97 100 11.9 354.4 13,285 1,539 813 460 4,944 147.0 1/18/2010 (5th) 20% / 30% (EU) n/a n/a Yes n/a n/a .. ..


Greenland Population (thousands) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

56.5 0.1

GDP ($ billions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

1.3 26,020 –23 / –10 1.9 to 3.0 585 6 to 74 2/5 –1 / –2

Country data

High income

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

16.3 52.2 .. 0.3 .. .. .. .. 40.5 .. .. ..

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

100 100 5,445 .. 87.3 10.7 1.8 ..

10.2 .. 0.6 .. .. .. .. .. ..

11.9 354.4 13,285

GHG Emissions and Energy Use CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (MtCO2e) Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $)

2.2 7.7 .. 1.0 10.4 .. .. 13.4 6 .. ..

97 100

1,539 813 460 4,944 147.0

National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target

n/a n/a n/a n/a ..

Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands)

n/a n/a n/a n/a

The Little Data Book on Climate Change

2011

95


Grenada Population (thousands) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

104.5 0.4

GDP ($ millions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

627.9 5,550 23 / 31 1.5 to 1.9 1,535 –245 to 7 15 / 26 –3 / –3

Latin Upper Country America & middle data the Carib. income

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

21.7 21.7 .. 0.2 .. .. 0.0 .. 1.7 11 .. ..

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

97 95 989 .. 61.0 .. 10.1 14 .. 73 3.7 126 97

GHG Emissions and Energy Use 2.4 CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 290.2 0.2 CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) –0.1 GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (1994, MtCO2e) .. Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) .. Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) .. Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) 784 Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 96.5 National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands)

96

2011

The Little Data Book on Climate Change

1.5 3.8 35 2.0

1.8 6.5 22 2.3

2.0 .. 8.1 20.8 23 3.8 206

5.6 .. .. 13.6 20 4.1 80

79 68 93 92 3,337 3,690 93.4 98.0 28.1 50.5 6.9 4.5 2.3 2.7 33,064 26,166

102 102

98 103

2.8 5.3 285.6 659.4 1,584 12,860 1,009 442 21 1,245 130.6

3,455 1,144 243 1,848 227.1

11/21/2000 (1st) n/a .. n/a .. .. .. n/a n/a


Guam Population (thousands) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

179.9 1.5

GDP ($ millions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

.. ..

.. 1.3 to 1.7 .. –25 to 230 19 / 27 –3 / –3 Country data

High income

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

20.4 26.6 .. 1.6 .. .. .. .. 26.4 .. .. ..

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

99 100 3,333 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

100 100 5,445 .. 87.3 10.7 1.8 ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

11.9 354.4 13,285

GHG Emissions and Energy Use CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (1994, MtCO2e) Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $)

2.2 7.7 .. 1.0 10.4 .. .. 13.4 6 .. ..

97 100

1,539 813 460 4,944 147.0

National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target

n/a n/a n/a n/a ..

Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands)

n/a n/a n/a n/a

The Little Data Book on Climate Change

2011

97


Guatemala Population (millions) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

14.4 2.4

GDP ($ billions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

41.2 2,730

18 / 29 1.7 to 2.8 2,712 –186 to 22 8 / 22 –2 / –2 Latin Lower Country America & middle data the Carib. income

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

0.6 0.3 8 3.3 1.3 2.7 .. 11.7 30.6 32 17.7 184

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

81 94 1,966 80.5 34.5 .. 1.7 971 3.3 97 .. 80 94

GHG Emissions and Energy Use 0.9 CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) 199.4 CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 11.9 CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) –39.5 GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (1990, MtCO2e) 8.3 Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) 5.4 Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) 0.5 Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) 701 Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 163.8 National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands)

98

2011

The Little Data Book on Climate Change

1.5 3.8 35 2.0

1.7 6.5 14 2.8

2.0 .. 8.1 20.8 23 3.8 206

18.7 .. .. 9.5 69 31.7 4,874

79 45 93 84 3,337 2,754 93.4 67.3 28.1 29.3 6.9 2.6 2.3 2.4 33,064 81,789

102 102

88 93

2.8 285.6 1,584

1.6 523.9 3,744

1,009 442 21 1,245 130.6

1,705 687 17 680 217.9

2/1/2002 (1st) n/a .. n/a .. 11 1,023 n/a n/a


Guinea Population (millions) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

10.0 2.7

GDP ($ billions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

4.5 400

20 / 32 2.0 to 2.6 1,651 –122 to 104 7 / 20 –2 / –2 Country data

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

1.1 3.6 17 3.9 0.2 0.7 .. 43.3 6.8 130 20.8 40,585

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

19 71 1,339 .. 9.8 0.1 2.2 71 .. 179 2.6 62 77

GHG Emissions and Energy Use CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) 0.1 CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 145.0 CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) 1.4 GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (1994, MtCO2e) –17.6 Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) .. Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) .. Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) .. Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) .. Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) .. National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target

SubSaharan Africa

0.4 2.0 14 4.0

0.7 5.1 11 3.7

3.2 3.7 .. .. 50.9 .. 11.7 10.6 121 108 24.6 28.3 26,113 16,659 31 60 1,297 32.5 18.3 1.2 3.6 11,957

35 63 2,047 23.0 14.1 0.7 3.2 4,471

67 89

65 91

0.8 428.6 685

0.3 270.2 219

590 334 .. 689 308.4

436 209 .. 365 303.9

10/28/2002 (1st) n/a .. Yes ..

Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands) The Little Data Book on Climate Change

Low income

.. .. n/a n/a 2011

99


Guinea-Bissau Population (millions) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

1.5 2.0

GDP ($ millions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

21 / 33 1.8 to 2.2 1,577 -69 to 130 10 / 22 –3 / –3 Country data

Exposure to Impacts 9.5 Land area below 5m (% of land area) 18.8 Population below 5m (% of total) .. Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) 2.3 Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) 0.5 Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) 1.1 Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) .. Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) 48.8 Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) 16.1 Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) 150 Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) 17.4 Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) 34,043 Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people) Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

21 61 1,445 .. 27.9 0.6 1.0 19 1.0 176 2.6 31 65

GHG Emissions and Energy Use 0.2 CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 186.6 0.3 CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) .. GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (MtCO2e) .. Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) .. Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) .. Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) 67 Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 64.8 National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands)

100

2011

878.5 590

The Little Data Book on Climate Change

SubSaharan Africa

0.4 2.0 14 4.0

Low income

0.7 5.1 11 3.7

3.2 3.7 .. .. 50.9 .. 11.7 10.6 121 108 24.6 28.3 26,113 16,659 31 60 1,297 32.5 18.3 1.2 3.6 11,957

35 63 2,047 23.0 14.1 0.7 3.2 4,471

67 89

65 91

0.8 428.6 685

0.3 270.2 219

590 334 .. 689 308.4

436 209 .. 365 303.9

12/1/2005 (1st) n/a .. Yes .. .. .. n/a n/a


Guyana Population (thousands) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

754.5 0.2

GDP ($ billions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

2.2 3,300

22 / 30 1.9 to 3.0 2,387 –158 to 72 9 / 26 –3 / –3 Latin Lower Country America & middle data the Carib. income

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

2.7 31.3 .. 0.0 7.2 0.7 .. 8.7 4.9 30 10.8 2,194

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

81 94 2,568 .. 7.4 2.8 8.4 26 .. 114 3.0 109 100

GHG Emissions and Energy Use CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) 2.0 CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 780.2 CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) 1.5 GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (1998, MtCO2e) –30.9 Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) .. Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) .. Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) .. Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) 667 Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 260.8 National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target

1.7 6.5 14 2.8

2.0 .. 8.1 20.8 23 3.8 206

18.7 .. .. 9.5 69 31.7 4,874

79 45 93 84 3,337 2,754 93.4 67.3 28.1 29.3 6.9 2.6 2.3 2.4 33,064 81,789

102 102

88 93

2.8 285.6 1,584

1.6 523.9 3,744

1,009 442 21 1,245 130.6

1,705 687 17 680 217.9

5/16/2002 (1st) n/a .. n/a ..

Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands) The Little Data Book on Climate Change

1.5 3.8 35 2.0

1 0 n/a n/a 2011

101


Haiti Population (millions) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

10.0 1.7

GDP ($ billions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

6.7 650

20 / 30 1.5 to 1.8 1,440 –125 to 34 13 / 23 –3 /–3 Latin Country America & Low data the Carib. income

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

3.9 5.4 21 4.5 0.8 9.2 .. 54.9 0.3 165 18.9 1,891

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

17 63 991 38.5 24.3 .. 2.2 1 .. 174 2.5 .. ..

GHG Emissions and Energy Use 0.3 CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 238.9 2.4 CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) 1.0 GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (1994, MtCO2e) 4.0 Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) 1.4 Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) 0.0 Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) 263 Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 247.5 National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands)

102

2011

The Little Data Book on Climate Change

1.5 3.8 35 2.0

0.7 5.1 11 3.7

2.0 3.7 .. .. 8.1 .. 20.8 10.6 23 108 3.8 28.3 206 16,659 79 93 3,337 93.4 28.1 6.9 2.3 33,064

35 63 2,047 23.0 14.1 0.7 3.2 4,471

102 102

65 91

2.8 285.6 1,584

0.3 270.2 219

1,009 442 21 1,245 130.6

436 209 .. 365 303.9

1/3/2002 (1st) n/a .. Yes .. .. .. n/a n/a


Honduras Population (millions) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

7.6 2.2

GDP ($ billions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

15.4 1,880

19 / 28 1.6 to 2.6 1,976 -204 to 15 10 / 25 -2 / -2 Latin Lower Country America & middle data the Carib. income

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

3.0 2.2 14 3.2 1.3 1.2 .. 23.3 18.2 24 8.6 335

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

71 86 1,752 70.3 20.4 1.9 5.2 321 3.8 128 3.3 90 107

GHG Emissions and Energy Use CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) 1.2 CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 326.6 CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) 8.7 GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (1995, MtCO2e) 4.6 Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) 5.2 Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) 2.9 Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) 0.0 Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) 592 Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 169.2 National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target

1.7 6.5 14 2.8

2.0 .. 8.1 20.8 23 3.8 206

18.7 .. .. 9.5 69 31.7 4,874

79 45 93 84 3,337 2,754 93.4 67.3 28.1 29.3 6.9 2.6 2.3 2.4 33,064 81,789

102 102

88 93

2.8 285.6 1,584

1.6 523.9 3,744

1,009 442 21 1,245 130.6

1,705 687 17 680 217.9

11/15/2000 (1st) n/a .. n/a ..

Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands) The Little Data Book on Climate Change

1.5 3.8 35 2.0

19 568 n/a n/a 2011

103


Hong Kong SAR, China Population (millions) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

7.1 1.1

GDP ($ billions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

224.5 32,780 19 / 26 1.4 to 1.9 2,240 –83 to 73 7 / 10 –1 / –1

Country data

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

24.6 26.2 100 1.1 0.0 .. .. .. 41.8 .. .. ..

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

.. .. .. .. 100.0 .. 30.7 .. .. 2 .. 93 102

GHG Emissions and Energy Use 5.5 CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 136.2 38.6 CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) .. GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (MtCO2e) 2.8 Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) 0.4 Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) 0.1 Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) 2,133 Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 54.2

High income

2.2 7.7 .. 1.0 10.4 .. .. 13.4 6 .. .. 100 100 5,445 .. 87.3 10.7 1.8 ..

97 100 11.9 354.4 13,285 1,539 813 460 4,944 147.0

National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target

n/a n/a n/a n/a ..

Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands)

n/a n/a n/a n/a

104

2011

The Little Data Book on Climate Change


Hungary Population (millions) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

10.0 –0.2

GDP ($ billions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

130.4 12,980 5 / 15 2.0 to 3.0 589 –75 to 23 3/5 –1 / –2

Country data

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

0.0 0.0 17 0.0 0.1 89.6 1.8 <2 5.1 6 .. ..

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

100 100 4,712 .. 37.7 9.4 –32.2 2,645 .. 51 .. 95 99

High income

2.2 7.7 .. 1.0 10.4 .. .. 13.4 6 .. .. 100 100 5,445 .. 87.3 10.7 1.8 ..

97 100

GHG Emissions and Energy Use CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) 5.4 CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 312.1 CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) 54.6 GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (2009, MtCO2e) –3.0 Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) 7.8 Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) 7.0 Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) 1.6 Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) 2,542 Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 153.9 National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target (base year: 1990) NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target

11.9 354.4 13,285 1,539 813 460 4,944 147.0 12/10/2009 (5th) 20% / 30% (EU) n/a n/a Yes

Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands) The Little Data Book on Climate Change

n/a n/a 11 1,321 2011

105


Iceland Population (thousands) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

317.4 1.1

GDP ($ billions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

–1 / 5 0.9 to 2.3 978 –1 to 101 3/6 –1 / –1 Country data

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

4.4 13.1 .. 1.2 .. 0.1 .. .. 9.7 2 .. ..

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

100 100 .. .. 36.6 20.4 23.4 .. .. 9 .. 98 102

GHG Emissions and Energy Use 7.0 CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) 191.5 CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 2.2 CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) 0.7 GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (2009, MtCO2e) 0.4 Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) 0.4 Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) 0.2 Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) 16,876 Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 512.0 National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target (base year: 1990) NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands)

106

2011

12.6 33,990

The Little Data Book on Climate Change

High income

2.2 7.7 .. 1.0 10.4 .. .. 13.4 6 .. .. 100 100 5,445 .. 87.3 10.7 1.8 ..

97 100 11.9 354.4 13,285 1,539 813 460 4,944 147.0 3/12/2010 (5th) 30% n/a n/a .. n/a n/a .. ..


India Population (millions) 1,170.9 Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010) 1.6

GDP ($ billions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

1,729.0 1,340

18 / 30 1.9 to 2.6 1,083 –91 to 135 5 / 13 –2 / –2 Country data

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

1.4 3.8 13 2.4 4.4 47.8 35.1 41.6 5.3 63 43.5 1,124

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

31 88 2,572 66.3 49.3 1.9 1.4 71,898 3.3 132 3.6 95 92

GHG Emissions and Energy Use CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) 1.5 CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 549.8 CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) 1,742.7 GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (1994, MtCO2e) 14.3 Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) 584.0 Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) 212.9 Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) 8.4 Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) 585 Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 195.4 National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target

South Asia

1.5 4.4 13 2.7

1.7 6.5 14 2.8

50.6 .. 40.3 6.1 67 42.5 1,127

18.7 .. .. 9.5 69 31.7 4,874

36 45 87 84 2,728 2,754 62.1 67.3 58.9 29.3 1.7 2.6 1.3 2.4 73,548 81,789

86 92

88 93

1.3 504.6 1,970

1.6 523.9 3,744

846 268 9 532 193.5

1,705 687 17 680 217.9

6/22/2004 (1st) n/a Yes, with Goal n/a Yes

Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands) The Little Data Book on Climate Change

Lower middle income

727 118,184 n/a n/a 2011

107


Indonesia Population (millions) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

239.9 1.3

GDP ($ billions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

21 / 31 1.5 to 1.8 2,702 –160 to 234 17 / 27 –3 / –3 Country data

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

5.5 11.2 9 4.1 0.2 5.6 16.0 18.7 14.1 35 17.5 1,645

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

52 80 4,813 64.5 59.1 2.3 1.9 3,408 3.3 129 3.2 109 98

GHG Emissions and Energy Use CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (1994, MtCO2e) Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $)

1.7 484.1 406.0 164.1 208.9 123.3 1.0 851 230.3

National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands)

108

2011

706.6 2,500

The Little Data Book on Climate Change

East Asia & Pacific

Lower middle income

2.5 10.3 .. 3.3

1.7 6.5 14 2.8

10.8 .. 16.8 14.9 24 9.0 525

18.7 .. .. 9.5 69 31.7 4,874

59 45 88 84 4,860 2,754 90.8 67.3 15.9 29.3 2.8 2.6 3.0 2.4 14,638 81,789

97 103

88 93

4.3 827.1 8,259

1.6 523.9 3,744

1,928 707 .. 1,436 259.5

1,705 687 17 680 217.9

10/27/1999 (1st) n/a Yes, with Goal n/a Yes 70 3,007 n/a n/a


Iran, Islamic Rep. Population (millions) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

74.0 1.5

GDP ($ billions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

331.0 4,520 10 / 24 2.2 to 3.3 228 –51 to 6 3/7 –1 / –1

Country data

Middle East & N. Africa

Upper middle income

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

1.6 5.0 24 2.5 3.1 72.5 19.0 <2 7.1 26 .. 18

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

83 93 2,289 98.4 73.3 2.5 0.9 486 .. 144 .. 101 97

84 68 87 92 2,512 3,690 92.9 98.0 74.3 50.5 3.6 4.5 2.9 2.7 5,854 26,166

GHG Emissions and Energy Use CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (1994, MtCO2e) Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $)

7.4 716.3 538.4 31.6 114.6 26.6 2.6 2,951 282.1

3.8 5.3 604.6 659.4 1,230 12,860

National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target

1.4 9.7 20 2.5

1.8 6.5 22 2.3

121.9 .. 3.6 4.0 34 6.8 ..

5.6 .. .. 13.6 20 4.1 80

88 93

287 74 7 1,399 213.9

3,455 1,144 243 1,848 227.1

3/31/2003 (1st) n/a .. n/a ..

Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands) The Little Data Book on Climate Change

98 103

7 0 n/a n/a 2011

109


Iraq Population (millions) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

32.0 2.8

GDP ($ billions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

82.2 2,340 14 / 29 2.3 to 3.2 216 –38 to -2 3/7 –2 / –1

Country data

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

4.0 6.5 23 2.6 0.0 187.5 .. 4.0 0.1 39 7.1 0

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

73 79 1,222 86.0 84.3 2.1 1.7 956 .. 164 .. 64 81

GHG Emissions and Energy Use 3.4 CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 1,057.0 102.9 CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) .. GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (MtCO2e) 15.9 Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) 3.4 Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) 0.1 Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) 1,035 Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 317.1

Middle East & N. Africa

Lower middle income

1.4 9.7 20 2.5

1.7 6.5 14 2.8

121.9 .. 3.6 4.0 34 6.8 ..

18.7 .. .. 9.5 69 31.7 4,874

84 45 87 84 2,512 2,754 92.9 67.3 74.3 29.3 3.6 2.6 2.9 2.4 5,854 81,789

88 93

88 93

3.8 604.6 1,230

1.6 523.9 3,744

287 74 7 1,399 213.9

1,705 687 17 680 217.9

National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target

.. n/a .. n/a ..

Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands)

.. .. n/a n/a

110

2011

The Little Data Book on Climate Change


Ireland Population (millions) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

4.5 1.2

GDP ($ billions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

203.9 40,720 6 / 13 0.9 to 1.4 1,118 –13 to 78 3/6 –1 / –1

Country data

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

4.0 6.6 25 1.6 0.0 .. .. .. 1.0 4 .. ..

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

99 100 6,798 .. 100.0 15.7 13.3 .. .. 10 .. 97 103

High income

2.2 7.7 .. 1.0 10.4 .. .. 13.4 6 .. .. 100 100 5,445 .. 87.3 10.7 1.8 ..

97 100

GHG Emissions and Energy Use CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) 9.9 CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 252.9 CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) 43.6 GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (2009, MtCO2e) -2.2 Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) 15.3 Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) 7.5 Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) 1.2 Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) 3,333 Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 94.7 National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target (base year: 1990) NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target

11.9 354.4 13,285 1,539 813 460 4,944 147.0 3/3/2010 (5th) 20% / 30% (EU) n/a n/a Yes

Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands) The Little Data Book on Climate Change

n/a n/a .. .. 2011

111


Isle of Man Population (thousands) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

82.9 0.8

GDP ($ billions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

4.1 48,910 .. 1.3 to 1.8 .. –13 to 56 3/5 –1 / –1

Country data

High income

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

12.1 27.8 .. 0.7 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

100 100 5,445 .. 87.3 10.7 1.8 ..

GHG Emissions and Energy Use CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (MtCO2e) Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

11.9 354.4 13,285

2.2 7.7 .. 1.0 10.4 .. .. 13.4 6 .. ..

97 100

1,539 813 460 4,944 147.0

National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target

n/a n/a n/a n/a ..

Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands)

n/a n/a n/a n/a

112

2011

The Little Data Book on Climate Change


Israel Population (millions) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

7.6 2.5

GDP ($ billions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

217.3 27,170 13 / 25 1.9 to 2.7 435 –41 to -11 4/8 –2 / –2

Country data

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

7.8 8.3 57 2.5 0.0 241.9 28.4 .. 18.7 5 .. ..

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

100 100 3,182 99.7 100.0 9.8 2.4 .. .. 34 .. 102 102

High income

2.2 7.7 .. 1.0 10.4 .. .. 13.4 6 .. .. 100 100 5,445 .. 87.3 10.7 1.8 ..

97 100

GHG Emissions and Energy Use CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) 5.2 CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 200.2 CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) 37.7 GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (2007, MtCO2e) -0.4 Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) 3.5 Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) 1.8 Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) 2.0 Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) 2,873 Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 110.4 National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target

11.9 354.4 13,285 1,539 813 460 4,944 147.0 12/7/2010 (2nd) n/a Yes, with Goal n/a Yes

Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands) The Little Data Book on Climate Change

22 1,160 n/a n/a 2011

113


Italy Population (millions) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

60.5 0.3

GDP ($ billions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

2,051.4 35,150

10 / 17 1.8 to 2.6 832 –108 to –11 4/7 –2 / –2 Country data

High income

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

5.2 7.5 17 0.4 0.0 24.8 18.8 .. 9.9 4 .. ..

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

.. 100 5,035 .. 100.0 6.5 0.5 .. 3.5 87 .. 104 99

100 100 5,445 .. 87.3 10.7 1.8 ..

GHG Emissions and Energy Use CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (2009, MtCO2e) Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $)

7.4 264.1 445.1 –94.7 40.8 28.6 14.0 2,814 105.2

11.9 354.4 13,285

National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target (base year: 1990) NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands)

114

2011

The Little Data Book on Climate Change

2.2 7.7 .. 1.0 10.4 .. .. 13.4 6 .. ..

97 100

1,539 813 460 4,944 147.0 3/17/2010 (5th) 20% / 30% (EU) n/a n/a Yes n/a n/a .. ..


Jamaica Population (millions) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

2.7 0.6

GDP ($ billions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

14.0 4,770

21 / 29 1.3 to 1.8 2,051 –102 to 28 14 / 24 –3 / –3 Latin Upper Country America & middle data the Carib. income

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

7.1 5.8 .. 1.0 1.1 6.2 .. <2 18.9 24 2.2 ..

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

83 94 1,262 92.0 73.3 2.5 1.6 170 3.8 88 .. 89 100

GHG Emissions and Energy Use CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) 4.5 CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 618.4 CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) 12.2 GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (1994, MtCO2e) –0.2 Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) 1.3 Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) 0.6 Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) 0.1 Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) 1,208 Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 169.3 National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target

1.8 6.5 22 2.3

2.0 .. 8.1 20.8 23 3.8 206

5.6 .. .. 13.6 20 4.1 80

79 68 93 92 3,337 3,690 93.4 98.0 28.1 50.5 6.9 4.5 2.3 2.7 33,064 26,166

102 102

98 103

2.8 5.3 285.6 659.4 1,584 12,860 1,009 442 21 1,245 130.6

3,455 1,144 243 1,848 227.1

11/21/2000 (1st) n/a .. n/a Yes

Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands) The Little Data Book on Climate Change

1.5 3.8 35 2.0

1 211 n/a n/a 2011

115


Japan Population (millions) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

127.5 0.2

GDP ($ billions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

7 / 15 1.8 to 2.3 1,668 –47 to 80 3/6 –2 / –2 Country data

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

5.9 16.2 49 0.4 0.0 20.6 35.2 .. 16.3 3 .. ..

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

100 100 5,920 .. 79.6 6.2 –0.0 .. 4.5 20 .. 102 100

GHG Emissions and Energy Use 9.5 CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 302.2 1,208.2 CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) -71.5 GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (2009, MtCO2e) 42.8 Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) 29.8 Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) 53.8 Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) 3,883 Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 125.7 National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target (base year: 1990) NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands)

116

2011

5,497.8 42,130

The Little Data Book on Climate Change

High income

2.2 7.7 .. 1.0 10.4 .. .. 13.4 6 .. .. 100 100 5,445 .. 87.3 10.7 1.8 ..

97 100 11.9 354.4 13,285 1,539 813 460 4,944 147.0 12/21/2009 (5th) 25% n/a n/a Yes n/a n/a .. ..


Jordan Population (millions) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

6.0 3.2

GDP ($ billions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

27.6 4,390 11 / 25 2.1 to 2.9 111 –28 to -3 4/7 –1 / –2

Country data

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

2.0 4.2 18 3.6 0.4 136.5 9.2 <2 9.4 22 1.9 ..

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

98 96 1,044 99.9 100.0 6.5 6.2 301 .. 96 .. 99 102

GHG Emissions and Energy Use CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) 3.7 CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 723.4 CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) 21.4 GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (2000, MtCO2e) 0.7 Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) 1.8 Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) 0.7 Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) 0.1 Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) 1,260 Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 246.3 National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target

Middle East & N. Africa

1.4 9.7 20 2.5

1.8 6.5 22 2.3

121.9 .. 3.6 4.0 34 6.8 ..

5.6 .. .. 13.6 20 4.1 80

84 68 87 92 2,512 3,690 92.9 98.0 74.3 50.5 3.6 4.5 2.9 2.7 5,854 26,166

88 93

98 103

3.8 5.3 604.6 659.4 1,230 12,860 287 74 7 1,399 213.9

3,455 1,144 243 1,848 227.1

11/8/2009 (2nd) n/a Yes n/a Yes

Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands) The Little Data Book on Climate Change

Upper middle income

2 986 n/a n/a 2011

117


Kazakhstan Population (millions) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

16.3 –0.0

GDP ($ billions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

1 / 12 2.2 to 3.1 250 –1 to 37 2/5 –1 / –1 Country data

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

6.7 3.9 8 0.2 0.2 42.1 .. <2 2.5 33 4.9 ..

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

97 95 1,254 .. 89.9 3.8 7.0 596 .. 47 .. 108 99

GHG Emissions and Energy Use 15.1 CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 1,444.1 237.0 CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) .. GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (MtCO2e) 47.1 Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) 17.6 Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) 0.3 Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) 4,134 Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 396.5 National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target (base year: 1992) NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands)

118

2011

143.0 7,440

The Little Data Book on Climate Change

Europe & Central Asia

Upper middle income

2.5 3.0 18 0.3

1.8 6.5 22 2.3

6.5 .. 3.7 7.5 23 .. ..

5.6 .. .. 13.6 20 4.1 80

89 68 95 92 2,475 3,690 .. 98.0 85.8 50.5 9.9 4.5 2.8 2.7 22,652 26,166

95 97

98 103

7.7 5.3 708.0 659.4 3,110 12,860 937 214 76 2,833 276.8

3,455 1,144 243 1,848 227.1

6/4/2009 (2nd) 15% .. n/a .. .. .. n/a n/a


Kenya Population (millions) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

40.5 2.7

GDP ($ billions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

31.4 790 19 / 31 1.9 to 2.1 692 0 to 144 8 / 25 –2 / –3

Country data

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

0.2 1.4 9 3.7 6.5 13.2 0.0 19.7 11.6 85 16.4 30,307

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

31 59 1,204 16.1 14.1 0.1 0.4 492 4.0 109 3.3 90 95

GHG Emissions and Energy Use CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) 0.3 CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 187.6 CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) 10.4 GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (1994, MtCO2e) –28.0 Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) 22.1 Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) 10.5 Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) 0.0 Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) 474 Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 329.4 National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target

SubSaharan Africa

0.4 2.0 14 4.0

0.7 5.1 11 3.7

3.2 3.7 .. .. 50.9 .. 11.7 10.6 121 108 24.6 28.3 26,113 16,659 31 60 1,297 32.5 18.3 1.2 3.6 11,957

35 63 2,047 23.0 14.1 0.7 3.2 4,471

67 89

65 91

0.8 428.6 685

0.3 270.2 219

590 334 .. 689 308.4

436 209 .. 365 303.9

10/22/2002 (1st) n/a .. n/a ..

Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands) The Little Data Book on Climate Change

Low income

5 0 n/a n/a 2011

119


Kiribati Population (thousands) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

99.5 1.6

GDP ($ millions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

25 / 31 1.6 to 2.0 1,942 81 to 385 14 / 24 -2 / -2 Country data

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

96.7 95.2 .. 2.8 5.0 .. .. .. 22.0 49 .. ..

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

31 61 .. .. .. 0.3 2.4 .. .. 115 3.1 118 107

GHG Emissions and Energy Use 0.3 CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 134.6 0.0 CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) .. GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (MtCO2e) .. Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) .. Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) .. Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) 116 Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 49.9 National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands)

120

2011

151.2 2,010

The Little Data Book on Climate Change

East Asia & Pacific

Lower middle income

2.5 10.3 .. 3.3

1.7 6.5 14 2.8

10.8 .. 16.8 14.9 24 9.0 525

18.7 .. .. 9.5 69 31.7 4,874

59 45 88 84 4,860 2,754 90.8 67.3 15.9 29.3 2.8 2.6 3.0 2.4 14,638 81,789

97 103

88 93

4.3 827.1 8,259

1.6 523.9 3,744

1,928 707 .. 1,436 259.5

1,705 687 17 680 217.9

10/30/1999 (1st) n/a .. Yes .. .. .. n/a n/a


Korea, Dem. Rep. Population (millions) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

24.3 0.9

GDP ($ millions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

.. .. 0 / 11 2.1 to 2.7 1,062 –9 to 129 3/5 –1 / –2

Country data

East Asia & Pacific

Low income

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

2.4 5.3 12 1.4 2.5 10.3 .. .. 4.0 33 20.6 284

2.5 10.3 .. 3.3

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

59 100 3,513 26.0 2.8 7.4 .. 47 .. .. .. .. ..

59 88 4,860 90.8 15.9 2.8 3.0 14,638

35 63 2,047 23.0 14.1 0.7 3.2 4,471

97 103

65 91

4.3 827.1 8,259

0.3 270.2 219

1,928 707 .. 1,436 259.5

436 209 .. 365 303.9

GHG Emissions and Energy Use CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) 3.2 CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) .. CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) 78.4 GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (1990, MtCO2e) –14.6 Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) 18.2 Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) 3.4 Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) 2.8 Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) 795 Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) .. National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target

10.8 3.7 .. .. 16.8 .. 14.9 10.6 24 108 9.0 28.3 525 16,659

5/7/2004 (1st) n/a .. n/a ..

Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands) The Little Data Book on Climate Change

0.7 5.1 11 3.7

0 0 n/a n/a 2011

121


Korea, Rep. Population (millions) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

48.9 0.7

GDP ($ billions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

1,014.5 19,890 7 / 17 1.8 to 2.3 1,404 0 to 181 3/5 –1 / –2

Country data

High income

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

4.3 5.0 48 1.2 0.1 39.3 51.6 .. 2.4 5 .. 8

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

100 98 7,238 .. 78.5 7.3 –0.0 .. .. 8 .. 101 97

100 100 5,445 .. 87.3 10.7 1.8 ..

GHG Emissions and Energy Use CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (2001, MtCO2e) Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $)

10.5 410.5 509.2 –34.6 32.1 13.5 10.2 5,044 186.6

11.9 354.4 13,285

National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands)

122

2011

The Little Data Book on Climate Change

2.2 7.7 .. 1.0 10.4 .. .. 13.4 6 .. ..

97 100

1,539 813 460 4,944 147.0 12/1/2003 (2nd) n/a Yes, with Goal n/a Yes 64 77,317 n/a n/a


Kosovo Population (millions) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

1.8 –0.1

GDP ($ billions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

5.6 3,300

.. 2.0 to 3.1 .. –148 to -34 3/6 –1 / –1 Country data

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

.. .. .. .. .. .. 7.4 5 .. 117 3.2 .. ..

GHG Emissions and Energy Use CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (MtCO2e) Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Europe & Central Asia

Lower middle income

2.5 3.0 18 0.3

1.7 6.5 14 2.8

6.5 .. 3.7 7.5 23 .. ..

18.7 .. .. 9.5 69 31.7 4,874

89 45 95 84 2,475 2,754 .. 67.3 85.8 29.3 9.9 2.6 2.8 2.4 22,652 81,789

95 97

88 93

7.7 708.0 3,110

1.6 523.9 3,744

937 214 76 2,833 276.8

1,705 687 17 680 217.9

National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target

n/a n/a n/a n/a ..

Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands)

n/a n/a n/a n/a

The Little Data Book on Climate Change

2011

123


Kuwait Population (millions) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

2.7 1.4

GDP ($ billions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

109.5 47,790 19 / 32 2.2 to 3.1 121 –19 to 4 4/7 –2 / –2

Country data

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

8.9 22.8 84 1.4 0.0 .. .. .. 1.6 11 1.7 ..

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

100 99 3,084 100.0 85.0 6.3 1.0 .. .. 67 .. 93 101

GHG Emissions and Energy Use 30.1 CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 602.0 76.7 CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) .. GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (MtCO2e) 14.4 Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) 0.6 Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) 0.9 Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) 11,402 Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 217.6

High income

2.2 7.7 .. 1.0 10.4 .. .. 13.4 6 .. .. 100 100 5,445 .. 87.3 10.7 1.8 ..

97 100 11.9 354.4 13,285 1,539 813 460 4,944 147.0

National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target

.. n/a .. n/a Yes

Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands)

.. .. n/a n/a

124

2011

The Little Data Book on Climate Change


Kyrgyz Republic Population (millions) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

5.4 1.0

GDP ($ billions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

4.6 880 -5 / 8 2.3 to 3.2 381 –32 to 35 3/7 –1 / –1

Country data

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

0.0 0.0 .. 0.8 2.1 20.6 9.4 <2 6.9 38 2.7 0

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

93 90 3,034 .. 91.1 8.0 5.1 14 .. 70 3.0 94 101

GHG Emissions and Energy Use CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) 1.2 CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 575.9 CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) 6.2 GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (2005, MtCO2e) –0.7 Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) 3.6 Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) 1.5 Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) 0.0 Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) 566 Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 271.4 National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target

Europe & Central Asia

2.5 3.0 18 0.3

0.7 5.1 11 3.7

6.5 3.7 .. .. 3.7 .. 7.5 10.6 23 108 .. 28.3 .. 16,659 89 95 2,475 .. 85.8 9.9 2.8 22,652

35 63 2,047 23.0 14.1 0.7 3.2 4,471

95 97

65 91

7.7 708.0 3,110

0.3 270.2 219

937 214 76 2,833 276.8

436 209 .. 365 303.9

6/4/2009 (2nd) n/a .. n/a ..

Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands) The Little Data Book on Climate Change

Low income

0 0 n/a n/a 2011

125


Lao PDR Population (millions) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

6.2 2.0

GDP ($ billions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

18 / 27 1.6 to 2.4 1,834 –95 to 70 3 / 13 –1 / –1 Country data

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

0.0 0.0 .. 5.8 2.7 1.6 .. 33.9 16.3 54 31.6 327

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

53 57 3,808 55.0 13.5 1.2 4.7 3,860 2.3 165 3.1 75 87

GHG Emissions and Energy Use 0.3 CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 125.3 1.5 CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) –104.3 GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (1990, MtCO2e) .. Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) .. Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) .. Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) .. Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) .. Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands)

126

2011

7.5 1,040

The Little Data Book on Climate Change

East Asia & Pacific

Lower middle income

2.5 10.3 .. 3.3

1.7 6.5 14 2.8

10.8 .. 16.8 14.9 24 9.0 525

18.7 .. .. 9.5 69 31.7 4,874

59 45 88 84 4,860 2,754 90.8 67.3 15.9 29.3 2.8 2.6 3.0 2.4 14,638 81,789

97 103

88 93

4.3 827.1 8,259

1.6 523.9 3,744

1,928 707 .. 1,436 259.5

1,705 687 17 680 217.9

11/2/2000 (1st) n/a .. Yes .. 1 2 n/a n/a


Latvia Population (millions) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

2.2 –0.9

GDP ($ billions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

24.0 11,620 2/9 2.1 to 3.1 641 31 to 89 2/5 –2 / –2

Country data

Europe & Central Asia

Upper middle income

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

3.0 23.9 .. –1.0 0.0 2.4 0.0 <2 17.8 10 .. ..

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

78 99 3,075 .. 100.0 7.8 1.4 122 .. 21 .. 93 100

89 68 95 92 2,475 3,690 .. 98.0 85.8 50.5 9.9 4.5 2.8 2.7 22,652 26,166

GHG Emissions and Energy Use CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (2009, MtCO2e) Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $)

3.3 213.9 7.6 –20.5 3.1 1.3 0.9 1,871 144.9

7.7 5.3 708.0 659.4 3,110 12,860

National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target (base year: 1990) NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target

1.8 6.5 22 2.3

6.5 .. 3.7 7.5 23 .. ..

5.6 .. .. 13.6 20 4.1 80

95 97

937 214 76 2,833 276.8

98 103

3,455 1,144 243 1,848 227.1

3/16/2010 (5th) 20% / 30% (EU) n/a n/a Yes

Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands) The Little Data Book on Climate Change

2.5 3.0 18 0.3

n/a n/a 0 0 2011

127


Lebanon Population (millions) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

4.2 1.8

GDP ($ billions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

11 / 22 2.0 to 2.9 661 –75 to -27 4/7 –2 / –2 Country data

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

1.7 9.1 46 2.0 0.0 26.3 19.9 .. 0.5 22 4.2 ..

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

98 100 2,832 99.9 .. 5.8 12.7 3 3.0 104 .. 85 104

GHG Emissions and Energy Use 4.1 CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) 372.5 CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 17.1 CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) -0.1 GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (2000, MtCO2e) 1.0 Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) 0.7 Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) 0.0 Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) 1,580 Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 133.2 National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands)

128

2011

39.2 9,080

The Little Data Book on Climate Change

Middle East & N. Africa

Upper middle income

1.4 9.7 20 2.5

1.8 6.5 22 2.3

121.9 .. 3.6 4.0 34 6.8 ..

5.6 .. .. 13.6 20 4.1 80

84 68 87 92 2,512 3,690 92.9 98.0 74.3 50.5 3.6 4.5 2.9 2.7 5,854 26,166

88 93

98 103

3.8 5.3 604.6 659.4 1,230 12,860 287 74 7 1,399 213.9

3,455 1,144 243 1,848 227.1

3/31/2011 (2nd) n/a .. n/a Yes 0 0 n/a n/a


Lesotho Population (millions) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

2.2 1.4

GDP ($ billions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

5 / 19 2.0 to 2.5 789 –66 to 89 4 / 10 –2 / –2 Country data

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

0.0 0.0 .. 4.7 3.4 1.0 .. 43.4 0.5 85 16.6 ..

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

29 85 421 16.0 18.3 0.7 5.5 11 2.5 143 3.5 69 107

GHG Emissions and Energy Use CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (1994, MtCO2e) Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $)

2.1 1,040

.. .. .. 1.3 .. .. .. 9 7.0

National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target

SubSaharan Africa

0.4 2.0 14 4.0

1.7 6.5 14 2.8

3.2 .. 50.9 11.7 121 24.6 26,113

18.7 .. .. 9.5 69 31.7 4,874

31 45 60 84 1,297 2,754 32.5 67.3 18.3 29.3 1.2 2.6 3.6 2.4 11,957 81,789

67 89

88 93

0.8 428.6 685

1.6 523.9 3,744

590 334 .. 689 308.4

1,705 687 17 680 217.9

4/17/2000 (1st) n/a .. Yes ..

Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands) The Little Data Book on Climate Change

Lower middle income

0 0 n/a n/a 2011

129


Liberia Population (millions) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

4.0 3.2

GDP ($ millions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

986.2 200

20 / 31 1.7 to 2.2 2,391 –115 to 81 10 / 25 –3 / –3 Country data

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

0.4 3.3 30 4.7 1.9 0.1 .. 83.7 18.1 103 20.4 29,994

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

17 68 1,610 .. 6.2 0.3 25.1 135 .. 151 2.8 58 72

GHG Emissions and Energy Use 0.2 CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) 447.7 CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 0.6 CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) .. GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (MtCO2e) .. Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) .. Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) .. Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) .. Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) .. Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $)

SubSaharan Africa

0.4 2.0 14 4.0

Low income

0.7 5.1 11 3.7

3.2 3.7 .. .. 50.9 .. 11.7 10.6 121 108 24.6 28.3 26,113 16,659 31 60 1,297 32.5 18.3 1.2 3.6 11,957

35 63 2,047 23.0 14.1 0.7 3.2 4,471

67 89

65 91

0.8 428.6 685

0.3 270.2 219

590 334 .. 689 308.4

436 209 .. 365 303.9

National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target

.. n/a .. Yes ..

Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands)

1 0 n/a n/a

130

2011

The Little Data Book on Climate Change


Libya Population (millions) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

6.4 1.9

GDP ($ billions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

62.4 12,320 14 / 29 2.0 to 2.4 57 –18 to 5 4/8 –2 / –2

Country data

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

0.8 4.7 17 2.1 0.0 718.0 .. .. 0.1 17 5.6 ..

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

97 54 569 99.8 57.2 8.7 2.7 .. .. .. .. .. 105

GHG Emissions and Energy Use CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) 9.5 CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 619.1 CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) 58.3 GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (MtCO2e) .. Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) 14.7 Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) 1.3 Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) 0.3 Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) 3,258 Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 212.1

Middle East & N. Africa

Upper middle income

1.4 9.7 20 2.5

1.8 6.5 22 2.3

121.9 .. 3.6 4.0 34 6.8 ..

5.6 .. .. 13.6 20 4.1 80

84 68 87 92 2,512 3,690 92.9 98.0 74.3 50.5 3.6 4.5 2.9 2.7 5,854 26,166

88 93

98 103

3.8 5.3 604.6 659.4 1,230 12,860 287 74 7 1,399 213.9

3,455 1,144 243 1,848 227.1

National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target

.. n/a .. n/a Yes

Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands)

0 0 n/a n/a

The Little Data Book on Climate Change

2011

131


Liechtenstein Population (thousands) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

36.0 1.1

GDP ($ billions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

4.8 137,070 2/9 1.7 to 2.8 1,539 –66 to 32 3/5 –1 / –1

Country data

High income

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

0.0 0.0 .. 0.2 .. .. .. .. 42.4 2 .. ..

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 107 93

100 100 5,445 .. 87.3 10.7 1.8 ..

GHG Emissions and Energy Use CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (2009, MtCO2e) Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $)

.. .. .. 0.0 .. .. .. .. ..

11.9 354.4 13,285

National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target (base year: 1990) NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands)

132

2011

The Little Data Book on Climate Change

2.2 7.7 .. 1.0 10.4 .. .. 13.4 6 .. ..

97 100

1,539 813 460 4,944 147.0 1/25/2010 (5th) 20% / 30% n/a n/a .. n/a n/a .. ..


Lithuania Population (millions) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

3.3 –0.5

GDP ($ billions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

36.3 11,390 2 / 10 2.0 to 3.0 656 22 to 83 2/5 –2 / –2

Country data

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

1.9 4.0 .. -0.6 0.0 17.7 .. <2 4.5 7 .. ..

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

.. .. 3,450 .. 28.6 11.0 1.7 104 .. 27 .. 96 99

GHG Emissions and Energy Use CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) 4.5 CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 255.8 CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) 15.1 GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (2009, MtCO2e) –3.7 Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) 5.5 Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) 2.5 Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) 0.7 Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) 2,512 Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 166.3 National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target (base year: 1990) NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target

Europe & Central Asia

2.5 3.0 18 0.3

1.8 6.5 22 2.3

6.5 .. 3.7 7.5 23 .. ..

5.6 .. .. 13.6 20 4.1 80

89 68 95 92 2,475 3,690 .. 98.0 85.8 50.5 9.9 4.5 2.8 2.7 22,652 26,166

95 97

98 103

7.7 5.3 708.0 659.4 3,110 12,860 937 214 76 2,833 276.8

3,455 1,144 243 1,848 227.1

2/22/2010 (5th) 20% / 30% (EU) n/a n/a Yes

Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands) The Little Data Book on Climate Change

Upper middle income

n/a n/a 12 2,408 2011

133


Luxembourg Population (thousands) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

505.8 1.4

GDP ($ billions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

4 / 13 1.5 to 2.5 934 –86 to 26 3/5 –1 / –1 Country data

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

0.0 0.0 .. 1.5 0.0 .. .. .. 19.8 3 .. ..

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

100 100 6,202 .. 100.0 2.9 279.2 .. .. 50 .. 84 102

GHG Emissions and Energy Use 21.5 CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) 291.0 CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 10.5 CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) –0.3 GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (2009, MtCO2e) 1.1 Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) 0.5 Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) 0.1 Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) 8,313 Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 116.8 National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target (base year: 1990) NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands)

134

2011

55.1 79,630

The Little Data Book on Climate Change

High income

2.2 7.7 .. 1.0 10.4 .. .. 13.4 6 .. .. 100 100 5,445 .. 87.3 10.7 1.8 ..

97 100 11.9 354.4 13,285 1,539 813 460 4,944 147.0 2/14/2010 (5th) 20% / 30% (EU) n/a n/a Yes n/a n/a .. ..


Macao SAR, China Population (thousands) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

543.7 2.1

GDP ($ billions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

21.7 40,030 20 / 26 1.4 to 1.9 2,219 –83 to 73 7 / 10 –1 / –1

Country data

High income

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

35.4 79.9 .. 2.1 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

.. .. .. .. 100.0 .. 8.3 .. .. .. .. 99 95

100 100 5,445 .. 87.3 10.7 1.8 ..

2.6 46.0 1.3 .. .. .. .. .. ..

11.9 354.4 13,285

GHG Emissions and Energy Use CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (MtCO2e) Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $)

2.2 7.7 .. 1.0 10.4 .. .. 13.4 6 .. ..

97 100

1,539 813 460 4,944 147.0

National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target

n/a n/a n/a n/a ..

Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands)

n/a n/a n/a n/a

The Little Data Book on Climate Change

2011

135


Macedonia, FYR Population (millions) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

2.1 0.4

GDP ($ billions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

5 / 15 1.9 to 3.0 619 –150 to -43 3/6 –1 / –1 Country data

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

0.0 0.0 .. 1.2 0.3 28.8 7.3 <2 4.8 12 1.8 ..

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

89 100 3,373 .. 56.5 6.9 3.2 86 3.3 22 .. 92 99

GHG Emissions and Energy Use 5.8 CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 655.2 11.8 CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) –2.6 GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (2002, MtCO2e) 1.4 Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) 0.6 Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) 0.1 Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) 1,352 Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 155.6 National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands)

136

2011

9.1 4,520

The Little Data Book on Climate Change

Europe & Central Asia

Upper middle income

2.5 3.0 18 0.3

1.8 6.5 22 2.3

6.5 .. 3.7 7.5 23 .. ..

5.6 .. .. 13.6 20 4.1 80

89 68 95 92 2,475 3,690 .. 98.0 85.8 50.5 9.9 4.5 2.8 2.7 22,652 26,166

95 97

98 103

7.7 5.3 708.0 659.4 3,110 12,860 937 214 76 2,833 276.8

3,455 1,144 243 1,848 227.1

1/15/2009 (2nd) n/a Yes n/a .. 1 0 n/a n/a


Madagascar Population (millions) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

20.7 3.0

GDP ($ billions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

8.7 430

18 / 27 1.7 to 2.1 1,513 –104 to 56 8 / 16 –3 / –3 Country data

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

1.3 2.0 9 4.3 0.9 4.4 2.2 67.8 2.9 62 36.8 3,735

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

11 41 2,582 19.0 11.6 0.2 9.9 132 3.8 137 3.0 79 97

GHG Emissions and Energy Use CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) 0.1 CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 102.9 CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) 1.9 GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (2000, MtCO2e) –233.3 Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) .. Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) .. Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) .. Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) .. Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) .. National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target

SubSaharan Africa

0.4 2.0 14 4.0

0.7 5.1 11 3.7

3.2 3.7 .. .. 50.9 .. 11.7 10.6 121 108 24.6 28.3 26,113 16,659 31 60 1,297 32.5 18.3 1.2 3.6 11,957

35 63 2,047 23.0 14.1 0.7 3.2 4,471

67 89

65 91

0.8 428.6 685

0.3 270.2 219

590 334 .. 689 308.4

436 209 .. 365 303.9

12/7/2010 (2nd) n/a Yes Yes Yes

Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands) The Little Data Book on Climate Change

Low income

1 0 n/a n/a 2011

137


Malawi Population (millions) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

14.9 2.3

GDP ($ billions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

17 / 27 2.0 to 2.5 1,181 -53 to 91 4 / 16 –2 / –2 Country data

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

0.0 0.0 .. 5.0 8.8 6.0 0.5 73.9 15.0 92 15.5 33,773

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

56 80 2,163 9.0 45.0 0.3 2.7 116 1.8 145 3.4 59 100

GHG Emissions and Energy Use 0.1 CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) 120.1 CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 1.2 CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) 17.5 GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (1994, MtCO2e) .. Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) .. Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) .. Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) .. Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) .. Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands)

138

2011

5.1 330

The Little Data Book on Climate Change

SubSaharan Africa

0.4 2.0 14 4.0

Low income

0.7 5.1 11 3.7

3.2 3.7 .. .. 50.9 .. 11.7 10.6 121 108 24.6 28.3 26,113 16,659 31 60 1,297 32.5 18.3 1.2 3.6 11,957

35 63 2,047 23.0 14.1 0.7 3.2 4,471

67 89

65 91

0.8 428.6 685

0.3 270.2 219

590 334 .. 689 308.4

436 209 .. 365 303.9

12/2/2003 (1st) n/a .. Yes Yes .. .. n/a n/a


Malaysia Population (millions) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

28.4 2.2

GDP ($ billions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

237.8 7,760

21 / 30 1.6 to 1.9 2,875 –160 to 117 13 / 26 –2 / –3 Country data

East Asia & Pacific

Upper middle income

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

3.0 9.5 9 4.1 0.1 2.1 .. <2 17.9 6 .. 75

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

96 100 3,750 99.4 82.8 3.7 3.8 1,201 3.8 18 .. 97 103

59 68 88 92 4,860 3,690 90.8 98.0 15.9 50.5 2.8 4.5 3.0 2.7 14,638 26,166

7.6 585.7 208.3 –220.2 46.5 15.1 1.0 2,391 191.2

4.3 5.3 827.1 659.4 8,259 12,860

GHG Emissions and Energy Use CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (2000, MtCO2e) Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target

1.8 6.5 22 2.3

10.8 .. 16.8 14.9 24 9.0 525

5.6 .. .. 13.6 20 4.1 80

97 103

1,928 707 .. 1,436 259.5

98 103

3,455 1,144 243 1,848 227.1

4/14/2011 (2nd) n/a .. n/a ..

Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands) The Little Data Book on Climate Change

2.5 10.3 .. 3.3

101 1,475 n/a n/a 2011

139


Maldives Population (thousands) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

315.9 1.8

GDP ($ billions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

25 / 31 1.5 to 1.8 1,972 –2 to 319 22 / 27 –3 / –3 Country data

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

100.0 100.0 .. 4.1 0.0 .. .. <2 .. 15 25.7 ..

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

98 91 2,042 .. 100.0 6.0 11.1 490 2.3 79 3.5 119 98

GHG Emissions and Energy Use 3.0 CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 580.8 0.9 CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) .. GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (MtCO2e) .. Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) .. Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) .. Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) 985 Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 200.3 National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands)

140

2011

1.5 4,240

The Little Data Book on Climate Change

South Asia

Upper middle income

1.5 4.4 13 2.7

1.8 6.5 22 2.3

50.6 .. 40.3 6.1 67 42.5 1,127

5.6 .. .. 13.6 20 4.1 80

36 68 87 92 2,728 3,690 62.1 98.0 58.9 50.5 1.7 4.5 1.3 2.7 73,548 26,166

86 92

98 103

1.3 5.3 504.6 659.4 1,970 12,860 846 268 9 532 193.5

3,455 1,144 243 1,848 227.1

11/5/2001 (1st) n/a Yes, with Goal Yes .. .. .. n/a n/a


Mali Population (millions) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

15.4 2.9

GDP ($ billions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

9.3 600

21 / 36 2.5 to 3.1 282 –142 to 43 5 / 13 –2 / –2 Country data

SubSaharan Africa

Low income

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

0.0 0.0 11 4.6 0.7 10.9 .. 51.4 2.4 178 27.9 25,366

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

36 56 1,588 .. 19.0 0.3 1.6 254 .. 146 3.4 64 80

31 60 1,297 32.5 18.3 1.2 3.6 11,957

35 63 2,047 23.0 14.1 0.7 3.2 4,471

67 89

65 91

0.0 44.2 0.6 –9.7 .. .. .. .. ..

0.8 428.6 685

0.3 270.2 219

590 334 .. 689 308.4

436 209 .. 365 303.9

GHG Emissions and Energy Use CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (1995, MtCO2e) Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target

0.4 2.0 14 4.0

3.2 3.7 .. .. 50.9 .. 11.7 10.6 121 108 24.6 28.3 26,113 16,659

11/13/2000 (1st) n/a .. Yes Yes

Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands) The Little Data Book on Climate Change

0.7 5.1 11 3.7

1 0 n/a n/a 2011

141


Malta Population (thousands) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

413.0 0.7

GDP ($ billions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

15 / 23 1.7 to 2.1 383 –67 to –28 5/7 –2 / –2 Country data

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

19.4 21.8 .. 0.9 .. 53.5 22.2 .. 17.2 6 .. ..

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

100 100 4,431 .. 87.5 9.7 9.4 .. .. .. .. 100 99

GHG Emissions and Energy Use 6.2 CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) 274.3 CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 2.6 CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) -0.1 GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (2009, MtCO2e) 0.2 Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) 0.1 Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) 0.1 Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) 1,935 Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 87.5 National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target (base year: 1990) NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands)

142

2011

8.0 18,430

The Little Data Book on Climate Change

High income

2.2 7.7 .. 1.0 10.4 .. .. 13.4 6 .. .. 100 100 5,445 .. 87.3 10.7 1.8 ..

97 100 11.9 354.4 13,285 1,539 813 460 4,944 147.0 7/27/2010 (2nd) 20% / 30% (EU) n/a n/a Yes n/a n/a .. ..


Marshall Islands Population (thousands) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

54.0 0.7

GDP ($ millions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

155.8 3,450 25 / 30 1.4 to 1.8 2,705 8 to 240 21 / 27 –3 / –3

Country data

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

99.0 99.4 .. 1.2 0.1 .. .. .. 3.1 26 .. ..

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

73 94 .. .. .. 3.1 5.6 .. 1.8 106 .. 94 101

GHG Emissions and Energy Use CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (MtCO2e) Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $)

1.9 .. 0.1 .. .. .. .. 610 ..

National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target

East Asia & Pacific

2.5 10.3 .. 3.3

1.7 6.5 14 2.8

10.8 .. 16.8 14.9 24 9.0 525

18.7 .. .. 9.5 69 31.7 4,874

59 45 88 84 4,860 2,754 90.8 67.3 15.9 29.3 2.8 2.6 3.0 2.4 14,638 81,789

97 103

88 93

4.3 827.1 8,259

1.6 523.9 3,744

1,928 707 .. 1,436 259.5

1,705 687 17 680 217.9

11/24/2000 (1st) n/a Yes, with Goal n/a ..

Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands) The Little Data Book on Climate Change

Lower middle income

.. .. n/a n/a 2011

143


Mauritania Population (millions) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

3.5 2.8

GDP ($ billions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

20 / 35 2.4 to 3.1 92 –113 to 9 5 / 11 –2 / –2 Country data

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

1.0 20.4 .. 3.0 3.1 399.8 .. 21.2 0.5 111 16.7 17,325

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

26 49 876 .. 26.8 0.8 0.4 133 .. 159 3.0 64 103

GHG Emissions and Energy Use 0.6 CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 343.6 2.0 CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) -1.3 GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (2000, MtCO2e) .. Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) .. Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) .. Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) .. Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) .. Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands)

144

2011

3.6 1,030

The Little Data Book on Climate Change

SubSaharan Africa

Lower middle income

0.4 2.0 14 4.0

1.7 6.5 14 2.8

3.2 .. 50.9 11.7 121 24.6 26,113

18.7 .. .. 9.5 69 31.7 4,874

31 45 60 84 1,297 2,754 32.5 67.3 18.3 29.3 1.2 2.6 3.6 2.4 11,957 81,789

67 89

88 93

0.8 428.6 685

1.6 523.9 3,744

590 334 .. 689 308.4

1,705 687 17 680 217.9

12/6/2008 (2nd) n/a Yes Yes .. .. .. n/a n/a


Mauritius Population (millions) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

1.3 1.0

GDP ($ billions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

9.7 7,750

19 / 26 1.3 to 1.7 2,041 –165 to 67 8 / 14 –3 / –3 Country data

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

7.1 5.6 .. 0.8 0.0 26.4 21.4 .. 4.5 15 .. ..

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

91 99 8,307 99.4 98.0 4.8 4.4 26 3.5 23 .. 89 101

GHG Emissions and Energy Use CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) 3.1 CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 269.6 CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) 4.0 GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (1995, MtCO2e) –0.2 Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) .. Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) .. Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) .. Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) 947 Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 85.9 National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target

SubSaharan Africa

0.4 2.0 14 4.0

1.8 6.5 22 2.3

3.2 .. 50.9 11.7 121 24.6 26,113

5.6 .. .. 13.6 20 4.1 80

31 68 60 92 1,297 3,690 32.5 98.0 18.3 50.5 1.2 4.5 3.6 2.7 11,957 26,166

67 89

98 103

0.8 5.3 428.6 659.4 685 12,860 590 334 .. 689 308.4

3,455 1,144 243 1,848 227.1

5/28/1999 (1st) n/a Yes n/a Yes

Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands) The Little Data Book on Climate Change

Upper middle income

0 0 n/a n/a 2011

145


Mayotte Population (thousands) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

204.1 4.0

GDP ($ millions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

.. ..

.. 1.5 to 1.8 .. –24 to 112 13 / 20 –3 / –3 Country data

SubSaharan Africa

Upper middle income

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

21.6 21.6 .. .. .. .. .. .. 2.2 .. .. ..

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

31 68 60 92 1,297 3,690 32.5 98.0 18.3 50.5 1.2 4.5 3.6 2.7 11,957 26,166

GHG Emissions and Energy Use CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (MtCO2e) Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

0.8 5.3 428.6 659.4 685 12,860

0.4 2.0 14 4.0

1.8 6.5 22 2.3

3.2 .. 50.9 11.7 121 24.6 26,113

5.6 .. .. 13.6 20 4.1 80

67 89

590 334 .. 689 308.4

98 103

3,455 1,144 243 1,848 227.1

National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target

n/a n/a n/a n/a ..

Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands)

n/a n/a n/a n/a

146

2011

The Little Data Book on Climate Change


Mexico Population (millions) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

113.4 1.5

GDP ($ billions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

1,039.7 8,930

14 / 29 1.7 to 2.8 752 –178 to 10 6 / 12 –2 / –2 Latin Upper Country America & middle data the Carib. income

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

2.9 2.7 35 1.9 0.1 19.3 5.5 <2 11.1 17 3.4 3

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

85 94 3,434 .. 35.3 6.9 1.8 6,360 4.3 53 .. 104 102

79 68 93 92 3,337 3,690 93.4 98.0 28.1 50.5 6.9 4.5 2.3 2.7 33,064 26,166

GHG Emissions and Energy Use CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (2006, MtCO2e) Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $)

4.3 332.6 475.8 70.2 128.2 42.5 4.6 1,497 119.8

2.8 5.3 285.6 659.4 1,584 12,860

National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target

1.8 6.5 22 2.3

2.0 .. 8.1 20.8 23 3.8 206

5.6 .. .. 13.6 20 4.1 80

102 102

1,009 442 21 1,245 130.6

98 103

3,455 1,144 243 1,848 227.1

4/20/2010 (4th) n/a Yes, with Goal n/a ..

Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands) The Little Data Book on Climate Change

1.5 3.8 35 2.0

132 10,122 n/a n/a 2011

147


Micronesia, Fed. Sts. Population (thousands) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

111.1 0.7

GDP ($ millions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

.. 1.4 to 1.7 .. –85 to 411 26 / 27 –3 / –3 Country data

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

33.4 54.9 .. 0.1 1.3 .. .. 31.2 4.0 42 .. ..

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

27 94 1,450 .. 17.5 2.8 3.5 .. .. 140 .. .. 102

GHG Emissions and Energy Use 0.6 CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 196.8 0.1 CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) .. GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (MtCO2e) .. Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) .. Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) .. Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) .. Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) .. Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands)

148

2011

287.4 2,700

The Little Data Book on Climate Change

East Asia & Pacific

Lower middle income

2.5 10.3 .. 3.3

1.7 6.5 14 2.8

10.8 .. 16.8 14.9 24 9.0 525

18.7 .. .. 9.5 69 31.7 4,874

59 45 88 84 4,860 2,754 90.8 67.3 15.9 29.3 2.8 2.6 3.0 2.4 14,638 81,789

97 103

88 93

4.3 827.1 8,259

1.6 523.9 3,744

1,928 707 .. 1,436 259.5

1,705 687 17 680 217.9

10/30/1999 (1st) n/a .. n/a .. .. .. n/a n/a


Moldova Population (millions) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

3.6 –0.2

GDP ($ billions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

5.8 1,810 5 / 14 2.0 to 3.3 553 –72 to 11 3/5 –1 / –2

Country data

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

1.3 0.9 .. –0.8 0.3 191.5 9.2 <2 1.4 19 3.2 ..

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

79 90 2,340 .. 85.8 9.3 3.3 35 .. 81 3.4 93 101

GHG Emissions and Energy Use CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) 1.3 CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 483.1 CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) 4.8 GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (2005, MtCO2e) –1.4 Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) 3.4 Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) 0.8 Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) 0.0 Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) 687 Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 263.6 National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target

Europe & Central Asia

2.5 3.0 18 0.3

1.7 6.5 14 2.8

6.5 .. 3.7 7.5 23 .. ..

18.7 .. .. 9.5 69 31.7 4,874

89 45 95 84 2,475 2,754 .. 67.3 85.8 29.3 9.9 2.6 2.8 2.4 22,652 81,789

95 97

88 93

7.7 708.0 3,110

1.6 523.9 3,744

937 214 76 2,833 276.8

1,705 687 17 680 217.9

1/27/2010 (2nd) n/a Yes, with Goal n/a Yes

Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands) The Little Data Book on Climate Change

Lower middle income

4 0 n/a n/a 2011

149


Monaco Population (thousands) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

35.4 0.7

GDP ($ billions) 6.1 GNI per capita (Atlas $) 183,150

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

10 / 17 1.8 to 2.7 894 –114 to 1 4/7 –2 / –2 Country data

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people) Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

100.0 100.0 .. 0.7 .. .. .. .. 23.7 4 .. ..

10.4 .. .. 13.4 6 .. .. 100 100 5,445 .. 87.3 10.7 1.8 ..

.. .. .. 0.0 .. .. .. .. ..

11.9 354.4 13,285

National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target (base year: 1990) NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands) 2011

2.2 7.7 .. 1.0

100 100 .. .. 100.0 .. .. .. .. .. .. 132 98

GHG Emissions and Energy Use CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (2009, MtCO2e) Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $)

150

High income

The Little Data Book on Climate Change

97 100

1,539 813 460 4,944 147.0 3/25/2011 (5th) 30% n/a n/a .. n/a n/a .. ..


Mongolia Population (millions) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

2.8 1.1

GDP ($ billions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

6.1 1,850 –8 / 6 2.3 to 3.1 241 1 to 50 2/4 –1 / –1

Country data

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

0.0 0.0 .. 1.2 2.6 1.4 .. 22.4 13.4 32 5.3 ..

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

50 76 1,552 67.0 3.5 6.3 23.9 2 2.8 86 3.4 93 103

GHG Emissions and Energy Use CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) 4.1 CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 1,146.7 CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) 10.9 GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (2006, MtCO2e) –2.1 Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) 6.1 Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) 3.5 Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) 0.0 Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) 1,194 Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 345.1 National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target

East Asia & Pacific

2.5 10.3 .. 3.3

1.7 6.5 14 2.8

10.8 .. 16.8 14.9 24 9.0 525

18.7 .. .. 9.5 69 31.7 4,874

59 45 88 84 4,860 2,754 90.8 67.3 15.9 29.3 2.8 2.6 3.0 2.4 14,638 81,789

97 103

88 93

4.3 827.1 8,259

1.6 523.9 3,744

1,928 707 .. 1,436 259.5

1,705 687 17 680 217.9

12/10/2010 (2nd) n/a Yes n/a Yes

Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands) The Little Data Book on Climate Change

Lower middle income

3 15 n/a n/a 2011

151


Montenegro Population (thousands) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

631.5 0.2

GDP ($ billions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

.. 1.9 to 2.9 .. –138 to –27 3/6 –2 / –1 Country data

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

.. .. .. 1.3 0.0 .. .. <2 13.3 8 2.2 ..

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

92 98 3,464 .. .. 7.5 19.0 6 .. 56 .. .. 100

GHG Emissions and Energy Use 3.1 CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) 293.7 CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 2.0 CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) –0.9 GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (2003, MtCO2e) .. Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) .. Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) .. Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) 1,384 Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 139.9 National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands)

152

2011

4.0 6,620

The Little Data Book on Climate Change

Europe & Central Asia

Upper middle income

2.5 3.0 18 0.3

1.8 6.5 22 2.3

6.5 .. 3.7 7.5 23 .. ..

5.6 .. .. 13.6 20 4.1 80

89 68 95 92 2,475 3,690 .. 98.0 85.8 50.5 9.9 4.5 2.8 2.7 22,652 26,166

95 97

98 103

7.7 5.3 708.0 659.4 3,110 12,860 937 214 76 2,833 276.8

3,455 1,144 243 1,848 227.1

10/12/2010 (1st) n/a .. n/a .. .. .. n/a n/a


Morocco Population (millions) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

32.0 1.3

GDP ($ billions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

91.2 2,900 11 / 23 2.1 to 3.0 346 –62 to –5 4/8 –2 / –2

Country data

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

0.7 3.8 19 2.1 0.1 43.4 4.6 2.5 1.5 36 9.9 ..

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

69 81 1,911 97.0 67.8 1.5 1.4 1,124 3.0 94 .. 80 88

GHG Emissions and Energy Use CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) 1.5 CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 379.0 CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) 47.9 GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (2000, MtCO2e) 3.6 Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) 10.6 Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) 5.8 Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) 0.0 Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) 477 Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 113.7 National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target

Middle East & N. Africa

1.4 9.7 20 2.5

1.7 6.5 14 2.8

121.9 .. 3.6 4.0 34 6.8 ..

18.7 .. .. 9.5 69 31.7 4,874

84 45 87 84 2,512 2,754 92.9 67.3 74.3 29.3 3.6 2.6 2.9 2.4 5,854 81,789

88 93

88 93

3.8 604.6 1,230

1.6 523.9 3,744

287 74 7 1,399 213.9

1,705 687 17 680 217.9

11/3/2010 (2nd) n/a Yes n/a Yes

Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands) The Little Data Book on Climate Change

Lower middle income

6 330 n/a n/a 2011

153


Mozambique Population (millions) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

23.4 2.7

GDP ($ billions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

9.6 440 19 / 29 1.9 to 2.4 1,031 –69 to 61 5 / 15 –2 / –3

Country data

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

1.8 6.5 7 5.7 3.7 0.7 .. 59.6 15.8 135 21.2 32,555

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

17 47 877 11.7 20.8 0.3 8.2 80 4.0 139 3.4 61 89

SubSaharan Africa

0.4 2.0 14 4.0

Low income

0.7 5.1 11 3.7

3.2 3.7 .. .. 50.9 .. 11.7 10.6 121 108 24.6 28.3 26,113 16,659 31 60 1,297 32.5 18.3 1.2 3.6 11,957

35 63 2,047 23.0 14.1 0.7 3.2 4,471

67 89

65 91

GHG Emissions and Energy Use 0.1 CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 133.6 2.3 CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) 7.7 GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (1994, MtCO2e) 12.8 Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) 9.5 Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) 0.3 Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) 427 Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 529.7

0.8 428.6 685

0.3 270.2 219

590 334 .. 689 308.4

436 209 .. 365 303.9

National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target

6/2/2006 (1st) n/a .. Yes ..

Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands)

154

2011

The Little Data Book on Climate Change

0 0 n/a n/a


Myanmar Population (millions) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

48.0 1.0

GDP ($ millions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

.. .. 18 / 8 1.7 to 2.3 2,091 –84 to 97 4 / 14 –2 / –2

Country data

East Asia & Pacific

Low income

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

4.6 14.0 11 2.5 0.1 3.3 24.8 .. 6.3 66 29.6 7,943

2.5 10.3 .. 3.3

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

81 71 3,949 13.0 11.9 1.3 .. 556 .. .. .. 99 100

59 88 4,860 90.8 15.9 2.8 3.0 14,638

35 63 2,047 23.0 14.1 0.7 3.2 4,471

97 103

65 91

0.3 .. 12.8 .. 77.2 30.9 0.0 316 ..

4.3 827.1 8,259

0.3 270.2 219

1,928 707 .. 1,436 259.5

436 209 .. 365 303.9

GHG Emissions and Energy Use CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (MtCO2e) Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $)

0.7 5.1 11 3.7

10.8 3.7 .. .. 16.8 .. 14.9 10.6 24 108 9.0 28.3 525 16,659

National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target

.. n/a .. .. ..

Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands)

0 0 n/a n/a

The Little Data Book on Climate Change

2011

155


Namibia Population (millions) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

2.3 2.4

GDP ($ billions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

13 / 27 2.2 to 2.9 285 -67 to 23 6 / 13 –2 / –2 Country data

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

0.3 2.9 .. 4.0 3.4 4.9 .. 49.1 14.5 40 17.5 4,589

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

33 92 365 34.0 12.8 3.2 7.0 9 .. 78 .. 87 104

GHG Emissions and Energy Use 1.8 CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) 311.4 CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 4.0 CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) -5.7 GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (1994, MtCO2e) 5.1 Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) 3.8 Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) 0.0 Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) 764 Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 135.4 National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands)

156

2011

12.2 4,500

The Little Data Book on Climate Change

SubSaharan Africa

Upper middle income

0.4 2.0 14 4.0

1.8 6.5 22 2.3

3.2 .. 50.9 11.7 121 24.6 26,113

5.6 .. .. 13.6 20 4.1 80

31 68 60 92 1,297 3,690 32.5 98.0 18.3 50.5 1.2 4.5 3.6 2.7 11,957 26,166

67 89

98 103

0.8 5.3 428.6 659.4 685 12,860 590 334 .. 689 308.4

3,455 1,144 243 1,848 227.1

10/7/2002 (1st) n/a .. n/a .. .. .. n/a n/a


Nauru Population (thousands) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

10.3 0.6

GDP ($ millions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

.. ..

25 / 31 1.3 to 2.1 2,445 –60 to 565 18 / 26 –3 / –3 Country data

East Asia & Pacific

Upper middle income

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

40.4 40.4 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 40 .. ..

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

50 90 .. .. .. 5.6 .. .. .. .. .. 97 112

59 68 88 92 4,860 3,690 90.8 98.0 15.9 50.5 2.8 4.5 3.0 2.7 14,638 26,166

GHG Emissions and Energy Use CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (1994, MtCO2e) Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $)

13.9 .. 0.1 –0.0 .. .. .. .. ..

4.3 5.3 827.1 659.4 8,259 12,860

National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target

1.8 6.5 22 2.3

10.8 .. 16.8 14.9 24 9.0 525

5.6 .. .. 13.6 20 4.1 80

97 103

1,928 707 .. 1,436 259.5

98 103

3,455 1,144 243 1,848 227.1

10/30/1999 (1st) n/a .. n/a ..

Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands) The Little Data Book on Climate Change

2.5 10.3 .. 3.3

.. .. n/a n/a 2011

157


Nepal Population (millions) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

30.0 2.3

GDP ($ billions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

2 / 15 2.2 to 3.4 1,321 –116 to 231 3/8 –2 / –2 Country data

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

0.0 0.0 .. 5.8 0.7 5.1 27.7 55.1 17.0 50 38.8 103

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

31 88 2,374 43.6 55.9 0.7 0.6 34 2.8 107 2.8 70 82

GHG Emissions and Energy Use 0.1 CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 120.0 3.5 CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) 8.1 GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (1994, MtCO2e) 22.1 Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) 4.5 Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) 0.0 Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) 338 Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 323.2 National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands)

158

2011

15.7 480

The Little Data Book on Climate Change

South Asia

1.5 4.4 13 2.7

Low income

0.7 5.1 11 3.7

50.6 3.7 .. .. 40.3 .. 6.1 10.6 67 108 42.5 28.3 1,127 16,659 36 87 2,728 62.1 58.9 1.7 1.3 73,548

35 63 2,047 23.0 14.1 0.7 3.2 4,471

86 92

65 91

1.3 504.6 1,970

0.3 270.2 219

846 268 9 532 193.5

436 209 .. 365 303.9

9/1/2004 (1st) n/a .. Yes .. 4 92 n/a n/a


Netherlands Population (millions) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

16.6 0.5

GDP ($ billions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

783.4 49,750 6 / 13 1.4 to 2.3 778 –18 to 50 3/5 –2 / –2

Country data

High income

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

58.5 61.3 12 1.5 0.0 105.1 10.6 .. 12.4 4 .. ..

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

100 100 9,032 .. 90.0 0.2 –2.3 .. .. 31 .. 100 99

100 100 5,445 .. 87.3 10.7 1.8 ..

GHG Emissions and Energy Use CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (2009, MtCO2e) Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $)

10.6 277.0 173.7 2.5 21.3 14.6 3.8 5,016 135.9

11.9 354.4 13,285

National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target (base year: 1990) NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target

2.2 7.7 .. 1.0 10.4 .. .. 13.4 6 .. ..

97 100

1,539 813 460 4,944 147.0 12/19/2009 (5th) 20% / 30% (EU) n/a n/a Yes

Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands) The Little Data Book on Climate Change

n/a n/a .. .. 2011

159


New Caledonia Population (thousands) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

254.0 2.1

GDP ($ millions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

.. ..

19 / 25 1.4 to 1.7 1,498 –122 to 118 7 / 12 –3 / –3 Country data

High income

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

8.0 34.3 .. 2.5 .. .. .. .. 5.5 .. .. ..

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

.. .. 3,391 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

100 100 5,445 .. 87.3 10.7 1.8 ..

12.8 .. 3.1 .. .. .. .. .. ..

11.9 354.4 13,285

GHG Emissions and Energy Use CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (MtCO2e) Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $)

2.2 7.7 .. 1.0 10.4 .. .. 13.4 6 .. ..

97 100

1,539 813 460 4,944 147.0

National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target

n/a n/a n/a n/a ..

Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands)

n/a n/a n/a n/a

160

2011

The Little Data Book on Climate Change


New Zealand Population (millions) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

4.4 1.2

GDP ($ billions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

126.7 29,050 6 / 15 1.1 to 1.7 1,732 –44 to 53 4/8 –2 / –2

Country data

High income

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

2.7 12.6 32 1.3 0.0 0.6 3.2 .. 25.8 6 .. ..

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

.. 100 6,924 .. 65.9 13.3 –1.0 .. 3.8 3 .. .. 102

100 100 5,445 .. 87.3 10.7 1.8 ..

GHG Emissions and Energy Use CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (2009, MtCO2e) Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $)

7.8 304.1 33.1 –26.7 27.6 12.9 1.0 4,193 162.9

11.9 354.4 13,285

National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target (base year: 1990) NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target

2.2 7.7 .. 1.0 10.4 .. .. 13.4 6 .. ..

97 100

1,539 813 460 4,944 147.0 12/23/2009 (5th) 10% / 20% n/a n/a Yes

Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands) The Little Data Book on Climate Change

n/a n/a 7 1,898 2011

161


Nicaragua Population (millions) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

5.8 1.7

GDP ($ billions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

6.6 1,090

20 / 30 1.6 to 2.4 2,391 –220 to 19 10 / 26 –3 / –3 Latin Lower Country America & middle data the Carib. income

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

3.6 1.5 23 2.2 0.8 0.7 .. 15.8 36.7 27 4.3 26

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

52 85 2,077 72.1 12.0 1.4 7.8 547 3.8 118 3.2 75 102

GHG Emissions and Energy Use 0.8 CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 308.2 4.3 CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) –13.1 GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (1994, MtCO2e) 6.0 Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) 3.3 Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) 0.0 Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) 540 Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 222.8 National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands)

162

2011

The Little Data Book on Climate Change

1.5 3.8 35 2.0

1.7 6.5 14 2.8

2.0 .. 8.1 20.8 23 3.8 206

18.7 .. .. 9.5 69 31.7 4,874

79 45 93 84 3,337 2,754 93.4 67.3 28.1 29.3 6.9 2.6 2.3 2.4 33,064 81,789

102 102

88 93

2.8 285.6 1,584

1.6 523.9 3,744

1,009 442 21 1,245 130.6

1,705 687 17 680 217.9

6/22/2011 (2nd) n/a .. n/a Yes 5 602 n/a n/a


Niger Population (millions) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

15.5 3.4

GDP ($ billions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

5.5 370 19 / 35 2.4 to 2.8 151 –71 to 36 5 / 12 –2 / –2

Country data

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

0.0 0.0 7 3.9 7.5 67.5 .. 43.1 6.8 143 39.9 37,958

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

9 48 380 .. 20.7 0.2 17.1 107 .. 173 3.2 41 78

GHG Emissions and Energy Use CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) 0.1 CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 90.3 CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) 0.9 GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (2000, MtCO2e) –16.8 Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) .. Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) .. Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) .. Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) .. Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) .. National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target

SubSaharan Africa

0.4 2.0 14 4.0

0.7 5.1 11 3.7

3.2 3.7 .. .. 50.9 .. 11.7 10.6 121 108 24.6 28.3 26,113 16,659 31 60 1,297 32.5 18.3 1.2 3.6 11,957

35 63 2,047 23.0 14.1 0.7 3.2 4,471

67 89

65 91

0.8 428.6 685

0.3 270.2 219

590 334 .. 689 308.4

436 209 .. 365 303.9

12/9/2009 (2nd) n/a .. Yes Yes

Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands) The Little Data Book on Climate Change

Low income

.. .. n/a n/a 2011

163


Nigeria Population (millions) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

158.4 2.4

GDP ($ billions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

21 / 33 2.0 to 2.5 1,150 –128 to 89 6 / 19 –2 / –2 Country data

Exposure to Impacts 0.5 Land area below 5m (% of land area) 3.0 Population below 5m (% of total) 15 Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) 4.1 Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) 0.1 Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) 4.7 Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) .. Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) 64.4 Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) 12.8 Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) 143 Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) 26.7 Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) 38,259 Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people) Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

32 58 1,528 50.6 15.0 2.0 3.1 3,036 4.0 133 2.9 79 85

GHG Emissions and Energy Use CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (1994, MtCO2e) Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $)

0.6 326.6 95.8 105.0 130.3 21.6 0.7 701 345.1

National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands)

164

2011

193.7 1,180

The Little Data Book on Climate Change

SubSaharan Africa

Lower middle income

0.4 2.0 14 4.0

1.7 6.5 14 2.8

3.2 .. 50.9 11.7 121 24.6 26,113

18.7 .. .. 9.5 69 31.7 4,874

31 45 60 84 1,297 2,754 32.5 67.3 18.3 29.3 1.2 2.6 3.6 2.4 11,957 81,789

67 89

88 93

0.8 428.6 685

1.6 523.9 3,744

590 334 .. 689 308.4

1,705 687 17 680 217.9

11/17/2003 (1st) n/a .. n/a Yes 5 312 n/a n/a


Niue Population (thousands) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

1.5 -2.3

GDP ($ millions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

.. .. 22 / 27 1.3 to 1.7 2,210 –9 to 153 9 / 15 –3 / –3

Country data

East Asia & Pacific

Upper middle income

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

10.4 10.4 .. .. .. .. .. .. 22.2 22 .. ..

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

100 100 .. .. .. 19.0 .. .. .. .. .. 126 129

59 68 88 92 4,860 3,690 90.8 98.0 15.9 50.5 2.8 4.5 3.0 2.7 14,638 26,166

2.5 .. 0.0 0.1 .. .. .. .. ..

4.3 5.3 827.1 659.4 8,259 12,860

GHG Emissions and Energy Use CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (1994, MtCO2e) Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target

1.8 6.5 22 2.3

10.8 .. 16.8 14.9 24 9.0 525

5.6 .. .. 13.6 20 4.1 80

97 103

1,928 707 .. 1,436 259.5

98 103

3,455 1,144 243 1,848 227.1

10/2/2001 (1st) n/a .. n/a ..

Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands) The Little Data Book on Climate Change

2.5 10.3 .. 3.3

.. .. n/a n/a 2011

165


Northern Mariana Islands Population (thousands) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

60.9 1.6

GDP ($ millions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

.. .. 24 / 30 1.4 to 1.8 7,369 1 to 197 17 / 26 –3 / –3

Country data

High income

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

28.1 39.3 .. 1.7 .. .. .. .. 1.1 .. .. ..

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

94 98 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

100 100 5,445 .. 87.3 10.7 1.8 ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

11.9 354.4 13,285

GHG Emissions and Energy Use CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (MtCO2e) Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $)

2.2 7.7 .. 1.0 10.4 .. .. 13.4 6 .. ..

97 100

1,539 813 460 4,944 147.0

National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target

n/a n/a n/a n/a ..

Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands)

n/a n/a n/a n/a

166

2011

The Little Data Book on Climate Change


Norway Population (millions) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

4.9 0.7

GDP ($ billions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

414.5 85,340 –2 / 5 1.8 to 3.3 1,119 41 to 131 2/5 –2 / –2

Country data

High income

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

4.9 9.3 .. 1.1 0.0 0.5 5.4 .. 14.4 3 .. ..

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

100 100 3,105 .. 80.5 18.8 2.8 .. 3.8 6 .. 100 99

100 100 5,445 .. 87.3 10.7 1.8 ..

GHG Emissions and Energy Use CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (2009, MtCO2e) Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $)

10.5 215.9 50.0 –25.3 16.9 4.7 5.2 6,332 134.9

11.9 354.4 13,285

National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target (base year: 1990) NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target

2.2 7.7 .. 1.0 10.4 .. .. 13.4 6 .. ..

97 100

1,539 813 460 4,944 147.0 1/22/2010 (5th) 30% / 40% n/a n/a ..

Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands) The Little Data Book on Climate Change

n/a n/a .. .. 2011

167


Oman Population (millions) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

2.8 2.0

GDP ($ billions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

46.9 18,260 21 / 30 2.0 to 2.4 125 –16 to 31 4 / 12 –2 / –2

Country data

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

1.1 5.5 .. 2.4 .. 94.7 4.0 .. 10.7 9 .. ..

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

87 88 3,473 98.0 43.5 6.0 3.2 .. .. 49 .. 80 97

GHG Emissions and Energy Use 17.3 CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 703.9 45.7 CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) .. GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (MtCO2e) 17.8 Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) 0.6 Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) 0.2 Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) 5,554 Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 229.3

High income

2.2 7.7 .. 1.0 10.4 .. .. 13.4 6 .. .. 100 100 5,445 .. 87.3 10.7 1.8 ..

97 100 11.9 354.4 13,285 1,539 813 460 4,944 147.0

National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target

.. n/a .. n/a ..

Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands)

0 0 n/a n/a

168

2011

The Little Data Book on Climate Change


Pakistan Population (millions) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

173.6 2.2

GDP ($ billions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

174.8 1,050 13 / 27 2.4 to 3.4 305 –60 to 36 3/8 –2 / –2

Country data

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

1.4 1.3 18 3.1 1.1 313.8 73.9 22.6 10.3 87 31.3 881

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

45 90 2,790 62.4 65.4 1.4 1.2 437 3.5 105 3.1 61 82

GHG Emissions and Energy Use CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (1994, MtCO2e) Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $)

1.0 420.7 163.2 6.5 137.4 26.8 0.8 502 212.7

National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target

South Asia

1.5 4.4 13 2.7

1.7 6.5 14 2.8

50.6 .. 40.3 6.1 67 42.5 1,127

18.7 .. .. 9.5 69 31.7 4,874

36 45 87 84 2,728 2,754 62.1 67.3 58.9 29.3 1.7 2.6 1.3 2.4 73,548 81,789

86 92

88 93

1.3 504.6 1,970

1.6 523.9 3,744

846 268 9 532 193.5

1,705 687 17 680 217.9

11/15/2003 (1st) n/a .. n/a Yes

Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands) The Little Data Book on Climate Change

Lower middle income

12 2,983 n/a n/a 2011

169


Palau Population (thousands) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

20.5 1.5

GDP ($ millions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

24 / 31 1.4 to 1.7 3,259 –89 to 172 25 / 27 –3 / –3 Country data

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

21.4 55.6 .. 2.4 .. .. .. .. 2.0 19 .. ..

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

83 84 .. .. .. 7.2 1.4 .. .. 116 .. 104 100

GHG Emissions and Energy Use 10.5 CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) 827.5 CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 0.2 CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) .. GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (MtCO2e) .. Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) .. Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) .. Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) .. Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) .. Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands)

170

2011

169.7 6,470

The Little Data Book on Climate Change

East Asia & Pacific

Upper middle income

2.5 10.3 .. 3.3

1.8 6.5 22 2.3

10.8 .. 16.8 14.9 24 9.0 525

5.6 .. .. 13.6 20 4.1 80

59 68 88 92 4,860 3,690 90.8 98.0 15.9 50.5 2.8 4.5 3.0 2.7 14,638 26,166

97 103

98 103

4.3 5.3 827.1 659.4 8,259 12,860 1,928 707 .. 1,436 259.5

3,455 1,144 243 1,848 227.1

6/18/2003 (1st) n/a .. n/a .. .. .. n/a n/a


Panama Population (millions) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

3.5 1.9

GDP ($ billions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

26.8 6,980

21 / 30 1.6 to 2.2 2,692 –228 to 107 14 / 27 –3 / –3 Latin Upper Country America & middle data the Carib. income

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

3.7 4.0 39 3.5 0.2 0.3 .. 2.4 18.7 20 .. 35

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

69 93 2,019 88.1 38.1 4.3 8.8 339 3.0 61 .. 102 101

GHG Emissions and Energy Use CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) 2.0 CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 173.8 CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) 6.9 GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (1994, MtCO2e) 23.7 Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) 3.2 Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) 1.2 Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) 0.0 Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) 896 Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 75.5 National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target

1.8 6.5 22 2.3

2.0 .. 8.1 20.8 23 3.8 206

5.6 .. .. 13.6 20 4.1 80

79 68 93 92 3,337 3,690 93.4 98.0 28.1 50.5 6.9 4.5 2.3 2.7 33,064 26,166

102 102

98 103

2.8 5.3 285.6 659.4 1,584 12,860 1,009 442 21 1,245 130.6

3,455 1,144 243 1,848 227.1

7/20/2001 (1st) n/a .. n/a ..

Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands) The Little Data Book on Climate Change

1.5 3.8 35 2.0

7 138 n/a n/a 2011

171


Papua New Guinea Population (millions) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

6.9 2.5

GDP ($ billions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

20 / 30 1.4 to 1.8 3,142 –163 to 421 16 / 26 –3 / –3 Country data

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

1.8 2.0 .. 1.6 0.7 0.0 .. 35.8 3.1 61 18.1 18,012

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

45 40 4,415 .. 3.5 0.6 0.3 150 .. 101 2.9 53 ..

GHG Emissions and Energy Use 0.3 CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 158.0 2.1 CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) –0.4 GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (1994, MtCO2e) .. Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) .. Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) .. Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) .. Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) .. Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands)

172

2011

9.5 1,300

The Little Data Book on Climate Change

East Asia & Pacific

Lower middle income

2.5 10.3 .. 3.3

1.7 6.5 14 2.8

10.8 .. 16.8 14.9 24 9.0 525

18.7 .. .. 9.5 69 31.7 4,874

59 45 88 84 4,860 2,754 90.8 67.3 15.9 29.3 2.8 2.6 3.0 2.4 14,638 81,789

97 103

88 93

4.3 827.1 8,259

1.6 523.9 3,744

1,928 707 .. 1,436 259.5

1,705 687 17 680 217.9

2/27/2002 (1st) n/a Yes n/a .. 1 215 n/a n/a


Paraguay Population (millions) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

6.5 2.1

GDP ($ billions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

18.5 2,940

18 / 29 1.9 to 2.6 1,130 –48 to 112 3 / 12 –1 / –1 Latin Lower Country America & middle data the Carib. income

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

0.0 0.0 31 3.3 0.7 0.5 .. 5.1 5.4 25 .. 16

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

70 86 2,358 96.7 50.8 2.9 2.3 45 3.8 102 .. 93 100

GHG Emissions and Energy Use CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) 0.7 CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 151.9 CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) 4.1 GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (1994, MtCO2e) 19.5 Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) 15.4 Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) 9.1 Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) 0.0 Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) 749 Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 182.3 National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target

1.7 6.5 14 2.8

2.0 .. 8.1 20.8 23 3.8 206

18.7 .. .. 9.5 69 31.7 4,874

79 45 93 84 3,337 2,754 93.4 67.3 28.1 29.3 6.9 2.6 2.3 2.4 33,064 81,789

102 102

88 93

2.8 285.6 1,584

1.6 523.9 3,744

1,009 442 21 1,245 130.6

1,705 687 17 680 217.9

4/10/2002 (1st) n/a .. n/a ..

Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands) The Little Data Book on Climate Change

1.5 3.8 35 2.0

2 0 n/a n/a 2011

173


Peru Population (millions) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

29.1 1.5

GDP ($ billions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

153.8 4,780

14 / 26 2.1 to 2.7 1,493 –57 to 181 8 / 23 –3 / –3 Latin Upper Country America & middle data the Carib. income

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

0.4 1.7 31 1.7 2.0 1.2 .. 5.9 13.6 19 5.4 478

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

68 82 3,910 85.7 13.9 2.2 4.8 1,663 3.0 41 .. 101 99

GHG Emissions and Energy Use 1.4 CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) 178.7 CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 40.5 CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) 56.8 GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (2000, MtCO2e) 17.2 Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) 7.6 Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) 0.3 Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) 550 Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 69.2 National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands)

174

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The Little Data Book on Climate Change

1.5 3.8 35 2.0

1.8 6.5 22 2.3

2.0 .. 8.1 20.8 23 3.8 206

5.6 .. .. 13.6 20 4.1 80

79 68 93 92 3,337 3,690 93.4 98.0 28.1 50.5 6.9 4.5 2.3 2.7 33,064 26,166

102 102

98 103

2.8 5.3 285.6 659.4 1,584 12,860 1,009 442 21 1,245 130.6

3,455 1,144 243 1,848 227.1

9/28/2010 (2nd) n/a Yes, with Goal n/a .. 25 620 n/a n/a


Philippines Population (millions) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

93.3 2.1

GDP ($ billions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

199.6 2,060

22 / 30 1.4 to 1.8 2,348 –136 to 140 13 / 24 –2 / –3 Country data

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

6.0 10.5 14 3.6 0.8 16.5 .. 22.6 10.9 29 20.7 96

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

76 91 3,229 89.7 9.9 7.2 0.9 2,817 .. 136 .. 94 102

GHG Emissions and Energy Use CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) 0.9 CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 272.6 CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) 83.2 GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (1994, MtCO2e) –0.1 Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) 51.9 Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) 13.0 Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) 0.4 Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) 424 Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 125.9 National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target

East Asia & Pacific

2.5 10.3 .. 3.3

1.7 6.5 14 2.8

10.8 .. 16.8 14.9 24 9.0 525

18.7 .. .. 9.5 69 31.7 4,874

59 45 88 84 4,860 2,754 90.8 67.3 15.9 29.3 2.8 2.6 3.0 2.4 14,638 81,789

97 103

88 93

4.3 827.1 8,259

1.6 523.9 3,744

1,928 707 .. 1,436 259.5

1,705 687 17 680 217.9

5/19/2000 (1st) n/a .. n/a Yes

Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands) The Little Data Book on Climate Change

Lower middle income

57 245 n/a n/a 2011

175


Poland Population (millions) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

38.2 0.0

GDP ($ billions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

468.6 12,410 4 / 12 1.9 to 2.8 600 –12 to 64 2/5 –2 / –2

Country data

High income

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

1.7 2.5 4 0.0 0.0 24.5 0.4 <2 21.8 6 .. ..

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

90 100 3,475 .. 68.2 7.9 1.9 4,638 3.3 62 .. 95 100

100 100 5,445 .. 87.3 10.7 1.8 ..

GHG Emissions and Energy Use CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (2009, MtCO2e) Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $)

8.3 503.8 316.1 –37.2 70.0 30.2 2.5 2,663 153.6

11.9 354.4 13,285

National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target (base year: 1990) NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands)

176

2011

The Little Data Book on Climate Change

2.2 7.7 .. 1.0 10.4 .. .. 13.4 6 .. ..

97 100

1,539 813 460 4,944 147.0 3/12/2010 (5th) 20% / 30% (EU) n/a n/a Yes n/a n/a 17 0


Portugal Population (millions) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

10.6 0.4

GDP ($ billions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

228.5 21,850 10 / 20 1.3 to 2.3 855 –113 to –7 5/9 –2 / –2

Country data

High income

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

2.3 5.2 39 1.5 0.0 31.3 11.4 .. 5.9 4 .. ..

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

100 99 3,455 .. 86.0 3.8 0.6 .. .. 30 .. 103 101

100 100 5,445 .. 87.3 10.7 1.8 ..

GHG Emissions and Energy Use CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (2009, MtCO2e) Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $)

5.3 241.4 56.3 –14.1 12.2 6.0 0.8 2,210 102.0

11.9 354.4 13,285

National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target (base year: 1990) NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target

2.2 7.7 .. 1.0 10.4 .. .. 13.4 6 .. ..

97 100

1,539 813 460 4,944 147.0 6/11/2010 (5th) 20% / 30% (EU) n/a n/a Yes

Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands) The Little Data Book on Climate Change

n/a n/a .. .. 2011

177


Puerto Rico Population (millions) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

4.0 0.6

GDP ($ millions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

.. ..

21 / 29 1.4 to 1.8 2,054 –133 to 37 13 / 24 –3 / –3 Country data

High income

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

7.7 11.3 69 2.2 0.0 14.0 8.5 .. 10.1 .. .. ..

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

.. .. 1,878 .. 95.0 .. .. .. .. 43 .. .. 102

100 100 5,445 .. 87.3 10.7 1.8 ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

11.9 354.4 13,285

GHG Emissions and Energy Use CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (MtCO2e) Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $)

2.2 7.7 .. 1.0 10.4 .. .. 13.4 6 .. ..

97 100

1,539 813 460 4,944 147.0

National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target

n/a n/a n/a n/a ..

Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands)

n/a n/a n/a n/a

178

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Qatar Population (millions) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

1.8 6.6

GDP ($ billions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

98.3 .. 21 / 33 2.3 to 2.9 74 –23 to 8 5/9 –2 / –2

Country data

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

13.4 23.1 .. 6.8 .. 471.4 .. .. 0.7 8 .. ..

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

100 100 4,746 98.7 90.0 10.1 8.3 .. .. 36 .. 108 120

High income

2.2 7.7 .. 1.0 10.4 .. .. 13.4 6 .. .. 100 100 5,445 .. 87.3 10.7 1.8 ..

97 100

GHG Emissions and Energy Use CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) 49.1 CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 636.1 CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) 68.5 GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (MtCO2e) .. Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) 15.7 Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) 0.2 Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) 0.0 Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) 14,911 Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 203.7 National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target

11.9 354.4 13,285 1,539 813 460 4,944 147.0 6/20/2011 (1st) n/a .. n/a ..

Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands) The Little Data Book on Climate Change

1 0 n/a n/a 2011

179


Romania Population (millions) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

21.4 –0.4

GDP ($ billions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

161.6 7,840 4 / 14 2.0 to 3.1 637 –92 to 2 3/5 –1 / –2

Country data

Europe & Central Asia

Upper middle income

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

2.9 2.9 9 –0.3 0.1 21.7 2.2 <2 7.1 14 3.5 ..

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

72 .. 2,825 .. 30.2 6.1 2.1 680 3.3 72 .. 96 99

89 68 95 92 2,475 3,690 .. 98.0 85.8 50.5 9.9 4.5 2.8 2.7 22,652 26,166

GHG Emissions and Energy Use CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (2009, MtCO2e) Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $)

4.4 373.1 94.7 –36.5 24.3 11.5 0.7 1,602 148.2

7.7 5.3 708.0 659.4 3,110 12,860

National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target (base year: 1990) NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands)

180

2011

The Little Data Book on Climate Change

2.5 3.0 18 0.3

1.8 6.5 22 2.3

6.5 .. 3.7 7.5 23 .. ..

5.6 .. .. 13.6 20 4.1 80

95 97

937 214 76 2,833 276.8

98 103

3,455 1,144 243 1,848 227.1

2/15/2010 (5th) 20% / 30% (EU) n/a n/a Yes n/a n/a 15 2,405


Russian Federation Population (millions) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

141.8 –0.2

GDP ($ billions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

1,479.8 9,910 –10 / 0 2.6 to 3.7 460 24 to 79 2/4 –2 / –2

Country data

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

1.9 2.9 18 –0.3 0.1 1.5 2.0 <2 9.0 12 .. ..

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

87 96 2,281 .. 80.1 12.8 2.9 16,097 .. 120 .. 95 98

GHG Emissions and Energy Use CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) 12.0 CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 815.1 CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) 1,708.7 GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (2009, MtCO2e) –656.5 Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) 562.8 Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) 76.1 Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) 59.7 Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) 4,561 Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 334.8 National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target (base year: 1990) NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target

Europe & Central Asia

2.5 3.0 18 0.3

1.8 6.5 22 2.3

6.5 .. 3.7 7.5 23 .. ..

5.6 .. .. 13.6 20 4.1 80

89 68 95 92 2,475 3,690 .. 98.0 85.8 50.5 9.9 4.5 2.8 2.7 22,652 26,166

95 97

98 103

7.7 5.3 708.0 659.4 3,110 12,860 937 214 76 2,833 276.8

3,455 1,144 243 1,848 227.1

3/16/2010 (5th) 15% / 25% n/a n/a Yes

Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands) The Little Data Book on Climate Change

Upper middle income

n/a n/a 25 7,211 2011

181


Rwanda Population (millions) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

10.6 2.0

GDP ($ billions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

5.6 520

12 / 24 2.1 to 2.4 1,212 –12 to 211 8 / 26 –2 / –3 Country data

SubSaharan Africa

Low income

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

0.0 0.0 .. 8.3 1.3 1.6 .. 76.8 10.0 91 18.0 11,429

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

54 65 1,829 .. 19.0 0.5 0.8 63 .. 45 3.7 54 100

31 60 1,297 32.5 18.3 1.2 3.6 11,957

35 63 2,047 23.0 14.1 0.7 3.2 4,471

67 89

65 91

0.1 71.1 0.7 –7.0 .. .. .. .. ..

0.8 428.6 685

0.3 270.2 219

590 334 .. 689 308.4

436 209 .. 365 303.9

GHG Emissions and Energy Use CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (2002, MtCO2e) Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target

Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands)

182

2011

The Little Data Book on Climate Change

0.4 2.0 14 4.0

0.7 5.1 11 3.7

3.2 3.7 .. .. 50.9 .. 11.7 10.6 121 108 24.6 28.3 26,113 16,659

9/6/2005 (1st) n/a .. Yes Yes 3 0 n/a n/a


Samoa Population (thousands) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

183.1 0.6

GDP ($ millions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

565.2 2,860

24 / 30 1.3 to 1.6 2,991 –41 to 196 16 / 25 –3 / –3 Country data

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

7.3 15.6 .. 1.1 0.0 .. .. .. 3.4 20 .. ..

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

100 88 .. .. 14.2 1.2 0.4 .. 3.5 60 4.0 93 105

GHG Emissions and Energy Use CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) 0.9 CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 213.0 CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) 0.2 GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (1994, MtCO2e) –0.1 Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) .. Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) .. Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) .. Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) 320 Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 80.4 National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target

East Asia & Pacific

2.5 10.3 .. 3.3

1.7 6.5 14 2.8

10.8 .. 16.8 14.9 24 9.0 525

18.7 .. .. 9.5 69 31.7 4,874

59 45 88 84 4,860 2,754 90.8 67.3 15.9 29.3 2.8 2.6 3.0 2.4 14,638 81,789

97 103

88 93

4.3 827.1 8,259

1.6 523.9 3,744

1,928 707 .. 1,436 259.5

1,705 687 17 680 217.9

6/14/2010 (2nd) n/a .. Yes ..

Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands) The Little Data Book on Climate Change

Lower middle income

.. .. n/a n/a 2011

183


San Marino Population (thousands) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

31.5 1.3

GDP ($ billions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

1.9 50,400 8 / 16 1.9 to 3.0 840 –111 to 3 4/6 –1 / –1

Country data

High income

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

0.0 0.0 .. 1.5 .. .. .. .. .. 2 .. ..

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 92 103

100 100 5,445 .. 87.3 10.7 1.8 ..

GHG Emissions and Energy Use CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (2007, MtCO2e) Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $)

.. .. .. 0.0 .. .. .. .. ..

11.9 354.4 13,285

National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands)

184

2011

The Little Data Book on Climate Change

2.2 7.7 .. 1.0 10.4 .. .. 13.4 6 .. ..

97 100

1,539 813 460 4,944 147.0 8/24/2009 (1st) n/a Yes n/a .. .. .. n/a n/a


São Tomé and Príncipe Population (thousands) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

165.4 1.8

GDP ($ millions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

196.8 1,200

21 / 27 1.5 to 2.0 2,169 –42 to 137 20 / 27 –3 / –3 Country data

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

14.7 11.1 .. 3.5 .. 0.3 .. 29.7 .. 80 13.1 1,961

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

26 89 4,056 .. 68.1 2.4 1.5 50 .. 163 3.1 85 100

GHG Emissions and Energy Use CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) 0.8 CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 496.2 CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) 0.1 GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (1998, MtCO2e) –1.5 Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) .. Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) .. Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) .. Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) 280 Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 180.0 National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target

SubSaharan Africa

0.4 2.0 14 4.0

1.7 6.5 14 2.8

3.2 .. 50.9 11.7 121 24.6 26,113

18.7 .. .. 9.5 69 31.7 4,874

31 45 60 84 1,297 2,754 32.5 67.3 18.3 29.3 1.2 2.6 3.6 2.4 11,957 81,789

67 89

88 93

0.8 428.6 685

1.6 523.9 3,744

590 334 .. 689 308.4

1,705 687 17 680 217.9

5/19/2005 (1st) n/a .. Yes ..

Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands) The Little Data Book on Climate Change

Lower middle income

.. .. n/a n/a 2011

185


Saudi Arabia Population (millions) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

27.4 2.7

GDP ($ billions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

434.7 16,190 18 / 31 2.3 to 2.9 .. –27 to 9 5/9 –1 / –2

Country data

High income

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

0.5 1.0 39 3.1 0.0 943.3 .. .. 31.3 18 5.3 7

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

99 96 4,161 99.0 21.5 3.0 5.0 .. .. 12 .. 88 91

100 100 5,445 .. 87.3 10.7 1.8 ..

GHG Emissions and Energy Use CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (1990, MtCO2e) Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $)

16.6 805.7 433.6 -15.2 48.2 6.5 2.2 5,888 292.9

11.9 354.4 13,285

National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands)

186

2011

The Little Data Book on Climate Change

2.2 7.7 .. 1.0 10.4 .. .. 13.4 6 .. ..

97 100

1,539 813 460 4,944 147.0 11/29/2005 (1st) n/a .. n/a .. 0 0 n/a n/a


Senegal Population (millions) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

12.4 2.7

GDP ($ billions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

13.0 1,090

21 / 35 2.0 to 2.7 687 –124 to 37 7 / 17 –2 / –3 Country data

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

4.5 14.8 23 3.2 0.6 8.6 0.7 33.5 24.1 75 14.5 7,077

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

51 69 1,135 42.0 29.3 0.5 1.8 258 2.8 154 3.5 57 95

GHG Emissions and Energy Use CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) 0.4 CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 246.0 CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) 5.0 GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (2000, MtCO2e) –10.5 Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) 7.1 Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) 4.1 Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) 0.0 Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) 243 Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 142.2 National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target

SubSaharan Africa

0.4 2.0 14 4.0

1.7 6.5 14 2.8

3.2 .. 50.9 11.7 121 24.6 26,113

18.7 .. .. 9.5 69 31.7 4,874

31 45 60 84 1,297 2,754 32.5 67.3 18.3 29.3 1.2 2.6 3.6 2.4 11,957 81,789

67 89

88 93

0.8 428.6 685

1.6 523.9 3,744

590 334 .. 689 308.4

1,705 687 17 680 217.9

9/16/2010 (2nd) n/a .. Yes Yes

Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands) The Little Data Book on Climate Change

Lower middle income

1 0 n/a n/a 2011

187


Serbia Population (millions) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

7.3 -0.2

GDP ($ billions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

.. 2.0 to 3.1 .. –125 to -15 3/6 –1 / –1 Country data

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

0.2 0.1 15 0.0 0.0 .. 0.6 <2 6.0 7 1.8 ..

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

92 99 4,623 .. 47.7 6.5 3.4 107 .. 92 2.9 96 101

GHG Emissions and Energy Use 6.8 CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 663.2 49.9 CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) –8.7 GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (1998, MtCO2e) 7.8 Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) 4.6 Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) 4.5 Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) 1,974 Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 198.1 National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands)

188

2011

39.1 5,810

The Little Data Book on Climate Change

Europe & Central Asia

Upper middle income

2.5 3.0 18 0.3

1.8 6.5 22 2.3

6.5 .. 3.7 7.5 23 .. ..

5.6 .. .. 13.6 20 4.1 80

89 68 95 92 2,475 3,690 .. 98.0 85.8 50.5 9.9 4.5 2.8 2.7 22,652 26,166

95 97

98 103

7.7 5.3 708.0 659.4 3,110 12,860 937 214 76 2,833 276.8

3,455 1,144 243 1,848 227.1

11/29/2010 (1st) n/a .. n/a .. 0 0 n/a n/a


Seychelles Population (thousands) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

86.5 1.1

GDP ($ millions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

936.6 9,760

25 / 30 1.5 to 1.8 1,970 –75 to 226 18 / 25 –3 / –3 Country data

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

43.9 41.3 .. 1.6 0.1 .. .. <2 42.0 14 .. ..

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

.. .. .. .. 96.5 9.4 39.4 15 .. 103 .. 105 103

GHG Emissions and Energy Use CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) 7.8 CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 404.4 CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) 0.7 GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (1995, MtCO2e) –0.8 Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) .. Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) .. Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) .. Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) 2,411 Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 120.0 National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target

SubSaharan Africa

0.4 2.0 14 4.0

1.8 6.5 22 2.3

3.2 .. 50.9 11.7 121 24.6 26,113

5.6 .. .. 13.6 20 4.1 80

31 68 60 92 1,297 3,690 32.5 98.0 18.3 50.5 1.2 4.5 3.6 2.7 11,957 26,166

67 89

98 103

0.8 5.3 428.6 659.4 685 12,860 590 334 .. 689 308.4

3,455 1,144 243 1,848 227.1

11/15/2020 (1st) n/a .. n/a ..

Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands) The Little Data Book on Climate Change

Upper middle income

.. .. n/a n/a 2011

189


Sierra Leone Population (millions) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

5.9 1.9

GDP ($ billions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

1.9 340

21 / 31 1.8 to 2.3 2,526 –96 to 128 9 / 24 –3 / –3 Country data

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

3.0 5.1 .. 2.7 0.2 0.3 .. 53.4 5.0 174 21.3 36,141

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

13 49 1,402 .. 8.0 0.2 4.5 168 3.0 141 3.0 .. 68

SubSaharan Africa

0.4 2.0 14 4.0

Low income

0.7 5.1 11 3.7

3.2 3.7 .. .. 50.9 .. 11.7 10.6 121 108 24.6 28.3 26,113 16,659 31 60 1,297 32.5 18.3 1.2 3.6 11,957

35 63 2,047 23.0 14.1 0.7 3.2 4,471

67 89

65 91

GHG Emissions and Energy Use 0.2 CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 332.2 1.3 CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) .. GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (MtCO2e) .. Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) .. Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) .. Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) .. Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) .. Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $)

0.8 428.6 685

0.3 270.2 219

590 334 .. 689 308.4

436 209 .. 365 303.9

National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target

1/8/2007 (1st) n/a Yes Yes ..

Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands)

190

2011

The Little Data Book on Climate Change

0 0 n/a n/a


Singapore Population (millions) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

5.1 2.6

GDP ($ billions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

222.7 41,430

23 / 30 1.5 to 1.8 2,497 –134 to 49 12 / 26 –3 / –3 Country data

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

8.1 12.1 95 2.6 .. .. .. .. 5.4 3 3.3 ..

Resilience Access to improved sanitation (% of total pop.) Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) Cereal yield (kg. per hectare) Access to electricity (% of total population) Paved roads (% of total roads) Health workers (per 1,000 people) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Disaster risk reduction progress score (1–5 scale; 5 = best) Ease of doing business (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Public sector mgmt & institutions avg. (1–6 scale; 6 = best) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)

100 100 .. 100.0 100.0 7.7 17.3 .. .. 1 .. .. ..

2.2 7.7 .. 1.0 10.4 .. .. 13.4 6 .. .. 100 100 5,445 .. 87.3 10.7 1.8 ..

97 100

GHG Emissions and Energy Use CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) 6.7 CO2 emissions per units of GDP (kg/$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 139.0 CO2 emissions, total (MtCO2) 32.3 GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (MtCO2e) .. Methane (CH4) emissions, total (MtCO2e) 2.2 Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, total (MtCO2e) 1.1 Other GHG emissions, total (MtCO2e) 2.5 Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) 3,704 Energy use per units of GDP (kg oil eq./$1,000 of 2005 PPP $) 80.2 National-Level Actions Latest UNFCCC national communication Annex-I emissions reduction target NAMA submission NAPA submission Renewable energy target

11.9 354.4 13,285 1,539 813 460 4,944 147.0 11/12/2010 (2nd) n/a Yes, with Goal n/a ..

Carbon Markets Hosted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects Issued Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from CDM (thousands) Hosted Joint Implementation (JI) projects Issued Emission Reduction Units (ERUs) from JI (thousands) The Little Data Book on Climate Change

High income

2 0 n/a n/a 2011

191


Sint Maarten (Dutch part) Population (thousands) Pop. growth (avg. ann. %, 1990–2010)

37.9 1.6

GDP ($ millions) GNI per capita (Atlas $)

Climate Average daily min/max temperature (1961–90, Celsius) Projected annual temperature change (2045–65, Celsius) Average annual precipitation (1961–90, mm) Projected annual precipitation change (2045–65, mm) Projected change in annual hot days/warm nights Projected change in annual cool days/cold nights

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Country data

High income

Exposure to Impacts Land area below 5m (% of land area) Population below 5m (% of total) Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (%) Urban pop. growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2010) Droughts, floods, extreme temps (% pop. avg., 1990–2009) Annual freshwater withdrawals (% of internal resources) Agricultural land under irrigation (% of total ag. land) Population living below $1.25 a day (% of total) Nationally terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age five) Malaria incidence rate (per 100,000 people)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..