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From World Development Indicators

The Little Data Book on Gender

Demography Education Family planning and maternal health Labor force and employment dynamics Women’s political participation


2011

THE LITTLE DATA BOOK ON GENDER


Copyright Š 2011 by the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development/THE WORLD BANK 1818 H Street, N.W. Washington, D.C. 20433 U.S.A. All rights reserved Manufactured in the United States of America First printing August 2011 ISBN: 978-0-8213-8881-5 eISBN: 978-0-8213-8882-2 DOI: 10.1596/978-0-8213-8881-5 SKU: 18881 The Little Data Book on Gender 2011 is a product of the Development Data Group of the Development Economics Vice Presidency and the Gender and Development Group of the World Bank. Design by Communications Development Incorporated, Washington, D.C Cover design by Peter Grundy


Contents Acknowledgments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . iv Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . v Data notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . vi

Regional tables. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 World . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 East Asia and Pacific. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Europe and Central Asia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Latin America and the Caribbean . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Middle East and North Africa . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 South Asia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Sub-Saharan Africa . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8

Income group tables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Low income . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Middle income . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 Lower middle income . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Upper middle income . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Low and middle income. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 Euro area . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 High income . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16

Country tables (in alphabetical order) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17

Notes. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 233

Glossary. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 234

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Acknowledgments The Little Data Book on Gender 2011 is a collaborative effort between the Development Data Group of the Development Economics Vice Presidency and the Gender and Development Group of the Poverty Reduction and Economic Management Network. The Little Data Book on Gender 2011 was prepared by Sulekha Patel, William Prince, Shota Hatakeyama, and Masako Hiraga of the Development Data Group and Nistha Sinha and Hippolyte Fofack of the Gender and Development Group. The introduction was written by Stephen McGroarty, with inputs from Nistha Sinha. Production of the book was coordinated by Azita Amjadi and Alison Kwong. The book was typeset by Jomo Tariku. The work was carried out under the management of Shaida Badiee and Pierella Paci. Staff from External Affairs oversaw publication and dissemination of the book.

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Introduction The Little Data Book on Gender 2011 is a quick reference for users interested in gender statistics. It presents gender-disaggregated data for more than 200 countries in a straightforward, country-by-country reference on demography, education, health, labor force, political participation, and the Millennium Development Goals. Summary pages that cover regional and income group aggregates are also included. This second issue of The Little Data Book on Gender coincides with the launch of the World Development Report 2012, the Bank's annual flagship publication. This year's report looks at the facts and trends surrounding the various dimensions of gender equality in the context of the development process: although many women around the world continue to struggle with gender-based disadvantages, much has changed for the better and at a more rapid pace than ever before. But that progress needs to be expanded, proctected, and deepened. While development has closed some gender gaps, other gaps persist, including excess deaths of girls and women, disparities in girls' schooling, unequal access to economic opportunities, and difference in voice in households and society. The report argues that gender equality can enhance productivity, improve development outcomes for the next generation, and make insitutions more representative. For more information about this landmark report, visit www.worldbank.org/wdr2012. As part of its strategy to provide content when, where, and how users want it, the World Bank now offers two new electronic products on gender. The World Development Report 2012 mobile application for the iPadTM allows users to browse and search the report by key message, keyword, topic, region, and more. Overviews in multiple languages and other relevant content round out the mobile application. Visit bit.ly/wdr2012app for more information. And for those interested in mapping and graphing gender statistics, the new eAtlas of Gender allows users to map and graph dozens of gender indicators over time and across countries, and compare maps for two different indicators, countries, regions, or years. Visit data.worldbank.org/atlas-gender.

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Data notes The data in this book are for 1990, and 2009 or the most recent year unless otherwise noted in the table or the Glossary. •

Growth rates are proportional changes from the previous year unless otherwise noted.

Regional aggregates include data for low- and middle-income economies only.

Figures in italics indicate data for years or periods other than those specified.

Symbols used: ..

indicates that data are not available or that aggregates cannot be calculated because of missing data.

0 or 0.0

indicates zero or small enough that the number would round to zero at the displayed number of decimal places.

$

indicates current U.S. dollars.

Lettered notes on some country tables can be found in the Notes on page 233. Data are shown for economies with populations greater than 30,000 or for smaller economies if they are members of the World Bank. The term country (used interchangeably with economy) does not imply political independence or official recognition by the World Bank but refers to any economy for which the authorities report separate social or economic statistics. The selection of indicators in these pages includes some of those being used to monitor progress toward the Millennium Development Goals. For more information about the eight goals—halving poverty and increasing well-being by 2015—please see the other books in the World Development Indicators 2011 family of products.

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Regional tables The country composition of regions is based on the World Bank’s analytical regions and may differ from common geographic usage. East Asia and Pacific American Samoa, Cambodia, China, Fiji, Indonesia, Kiribati, Democratic Republic of Korea, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Malaysia, Marshall Islands, Federated States of Micronesia, Mongolia, Myanmar, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Thailand, Timor-Leste, Tonga, Tuvalu, Vanuatu, Vietnam Europe and Central Asia Albania, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kosovo, Kyrgyz Republic, Latvia, Lithuania, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Moldova, Montenegro, Romania, Russian Federation, Serbia, Tajikistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan Latin America and the Caribbean Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Grenada, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and the Grenadines, Suriname, Uruguay, República Bolivariana de Venezuela Middle East and North Africa Algeria, Djibouti, Arab Republic of Egypt, Islamic Republic of Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, Syrian Arab Republic, Tunisia, West Bank and Gaza, Republic of Yemen South Asia Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka Sub-Saharan Africa Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros, Democratic Republic of Congo, Republic of Congo, Côte d’Ivoire, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, The Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mayotte, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, São Tomé and Príncipe, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Africa, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe

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World Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

6,855.2 62,363.4 9,097

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

937 67 .. ..

63 ..

93 45 .. 75 79

105 54 .. 86 88

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

3.3 .. .. 57 .. .. 50 400

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

52 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 35 .. 69 .. .. .. 49 45 .. .. .. ..

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

13

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935 71 .. ..

67 ..

105 109 67 69 28 26 87 89 87 92

2.5 54 .. 61 .. 82 65 260

81 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

76 60 .. .. .. ..

52 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 77 .. .. .. 48 37 .. .. .. ..

19

78 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

73 52 .. .. .. ..


East Asia & Pacific Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

1,956.9 7,224.3 3,692

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

16.8

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%)

908 68 .. ..

65 ..

886 74 .. ..

71 ..

Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

115 123 37 46 .. .. 97 105 92 97

113 78 25 98 99

111 74 23 96 99

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

2.6 .. .. 75 .. .. 48 200

1.9 19 .. 77 .. 91 89 89

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

69 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 37 .. 50 .. .. .. 66 67 .. .. .. ..

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

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84 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

80 67 .. .. .. ..

64 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 91 .. .. .. 62 52 .. .. .. ..

80 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

77 52 .. .. .. ..

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Europe & Central Asia Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

408.2 2,944.8 7,214

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

3.7

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%)

947 73 .. ..

64 ..

943 75 .. ..

66 ..

Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

97 84 .. 92 98

99 86 .. 93 99

98 88 61 94 99

99 91 50 96 99

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

2.3 .. .. .. .. .. .. 69

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

56 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 46 .. 81 .. .. .. 49 34 .. .. .. ..

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

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..

1.8 28 .. 69 .. .. 97 34

75 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

66 42 .. .. .. ..

51 69 81 80 19 20 18 18 5.4 2.0 15 16 18 35 66 49 48 .. 71 .. .. .. 46 61 28 37 .. .. 8.6 10.0 .. .. 17.8 16.5

16


Latin America & Caribbean Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

578.0 4,509.7 7,802

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

8.2

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%)

953 72 .. ..

65 ..

953 77 .. ..

71 ..

Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

113 57 .. 85 92

114 56 .. 84 91

115 93 44 102 97

119 86 34 101 97

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

3.2 .. .. .. .. .. 72 140

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

40 62 38 29 10.4 15 14 72 37 .. 74 .. .. .. 37 32 .. 6.9 .. 13.9

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

2.2 73 .. 75 .. 95 89 86

82 60 40 30 5.3 21 30 50

77 62 .. 6.0 .. 9.8

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52 80 66 64 31 35 30 30 6.8 3.5 9 18 14 29 77 52 41 .. 70 .. .. .. 47 75 34 54 .. .. 9.8 6.5 .. .. 17.9 11.7

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5


Middle East & North Africa Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

336.8 1,293.0 3,839

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

3.6

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

951 66 .. ..

63 ..

87 106 46 61 9 16 .. .. 67 84

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

4.9 .. .. 42 .. .. 47 210

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

22 77 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 16 .. 62 .. .. .. 18 69 14 42 .. .. 21.6 10.8 .. .. .. ..

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

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4

950 73 .. ..

69 ..

99 106 69 75 27 28 85 91 87 93

2.7 38 .. 62 .. 83 80 88

26 75 46 56 53 43 50 33 34.3 8.3 42 25 17 28 42 47 17 .. 53 .. .. .. 21 68 15 42 .. .. 16.7 8.9 .. .. 36.5 18.5

9


South Asia Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

1,590.7 1,929.8 1,213

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

40.3

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

936 58 42 ..

58 29

934 66 13 ..

63 9

74 27 .. 52 47

98 47 .. 75 71

107 51 9 84 72

113 58 13 87 85

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

4.3 .. .. 40 17 .. 32 610

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

35 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 13 .. 90 .. .. .. 34 30 .. 4.5 .. 8.2

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

2.8 75 .. 51 13 70 47 290

85 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

81 64 .. 3.7 .. 8.2

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The Little Data Book on Gender

35 82 13 20 87 80 .. .. 42.7 13.1 70 47 14 20 16 32 18 .. 93 .. .. .. 33 78 25 58 .. .. 5.7 4.1 .. .. 11.5 10.3

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Sub-Saharan Africa Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

861.6 1,003.6 1,165

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

50.9

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

963 52 .. ..

48 ..

65 19 .. 47 58

78 25 .. 57 73

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

6.3 .. .. 15 .. .. .. 870

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

57 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 73 .. .. .. 52 42 .. .. .. ..

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

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..

963 54 .. ..

51 ..

96 104 32 40 5 8 63 71 67 77

5.0 110 .. 21 .. 71 44 650

82 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

75 55 .. .. .. ..

61 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 66 .. .. .. 56 44 .. .. .. ..

20

81 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

75 54 .. .. .. ..


Income group tables For operational and analytical purposes, the World Bank’s main criterion for classifying economies is gross national income (GNI) per capita. Each economy in The Little Data Book on Gender is classified as low income, middle income, or high income. Low- and middle-income economies are sometimes referred to as developing economies. The use of the term is convenient; it is not intended to imply that all economies in the group are experiencing similar development or that other economies have reached a preferred or final stage of development. Classification by income does not necessarily reflect development status. Low-income economies are those with a GNI per capita of $1,005 or less in 2010. Middle-income economies are those with a GNI per capita of more than $1,006 but less than $12,275. Lower middle-income and upper middleincome economies are separated at a GNI per capita of $3,975. High-income economies are those with a GNI per capita of $12,276 or more. Euro area includes the member states of the Economic and Monetary Union of the European Union that have adopted the euro as their currency: Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Portugal, Slovak Republic, Slovenia, and Spain.

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Low income Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

816.8 416.8 510

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

964 53 .. ..

51 ..

965 59 .. ..

67 22 .. .. 52

81 30 .. .. 66

102 108 36 42 5 8 64 69 68 75

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

5.6 .. .. 23 .. .. .. 860

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

65 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 73 .. .. .. 61 56 .. .. .. ..

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

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..

56 ..

4.2 96 .. 33 .. 67 41 590

87 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

82 68 .. .. .. ..

66 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 89 .. .. .. 62 53 .. .. .. ..

20

84 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

80 63 .. .. .. ..


Middle income Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

4,915.5 18,504.2 3,764

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

930 66 .. ..

62 ..

925 71 .. ..

67 ..

97 42 .. 77 79

110 52 .. 89 89

107 68 25 91 88

110 70 24 93 94

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

3.3 .. .. 58 .. .. 46 350

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

52 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 33 .. 73 .. .. .. 48 44 .. .. .. ..

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

13

The Little Data Book on Gender

2.4 51 .. 66 .. 85 71 210

82 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

77 60 .. .. .. ..

50 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 33 .. 71 .. .. .. 47 34 .. .. .. ..

79 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

74 51 .. .. .. ..

18

2011

11


Lower middle income Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

2,466.5 4,091.3 1,659

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

941 61 .. ..

58 ..

940 67 .. ..

63 ..

94 35 .. 60 75

110 48 .. 76 87

107 62 19 86 79

110 65 20 90 89

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

4.3 .. .. 60 .. .. 41 540

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

39 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 20 .. 73 .. .. .. 36 29 .. .. .. ..

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

11

12

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

3.0 70 .. 63 .. 83 66 300

82 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

77 57 .. .. .. ..

39 80 25 28 75 72 .. .. 34.5 12.2 59 46 14 21 26 33 25 .. 85 .. .. .. 36 76 24 53 .. .. 8.2 5.7 .. .. 18.3 14.2

15


Upper middle income Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

2,448.9 14,410.0 5,884

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%)

916 70 .. ..

66 ..

Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

109 67 .. 94 93

112 68 .. 101 94

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

2.6 .. .. 52 .. .. .. 110

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

61 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 38 .. 66 .. .. .. 57 57 .. .. .. ..

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

14

The Little Data Book on Gender

899 75 .. ..

70 ..

109 112 92 88 47 38 100 100 99 99

1.9 29 .. 75 .. 95 96 60

83 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

77 63 .. .. .. ..

59 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 70 .. .. .. 56 45 .. .. .. ..

78 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

73 49 .. .. .. ..

19

2011

13


Low and middle income Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

5,732.2 18,940.6 3,304

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

25.2

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

936 64 .. ..

61 ..

934 69 .. ..

65 ..

91 105 38 49 .. .. 73 85 75 86

106 62 21 86 85

110 65 21 88 91

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

3.6 .. .. 54 .. .. 46 440

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

53 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 32 .. 73 .. .. .. 50 46 .. .. .. ..

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

13

14

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

2.7 58 .. 61 .. 82 64 290

83 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

78 61 .. .. .. ..

52 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 71 .. .. .. 49 37 .. .. .. ..

18

80 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

75 53 .. .. .. ..


Euro area Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

331.6 12,792.9 38,580

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%)

946 80 .. ..

Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

.. .. .. .. .. .. 100 100 .. ..

105 106 106 107 66 55 101 100 .. ..

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.5 .. .. .. .. .. .. 11

1.6 8 .. .. .. .. .. 7

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24) Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

73 ..

42 69 84 80 16 20 14 16 5.5 1.4 7 8 21 42 72 50 40 79 75 .. .. .. 38 64 37 46 .. .. 13.6 7.0 51.5 50.4 28.2 18.2

12

The Little Data Book on Gender

946 83 .. ..

78 ..

49 65 88 80 12 20 9 12 1.5 0.7 3 4 12 37 84 58 47 78 73 .. .. .. 44 59 33 38 .. .. 9.6 9.2 39.8 36.7 20.9 21.2

26

2011

15


High income Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

1,123.0 43,411.3 38,657

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%)

947 79 .. ..

Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

102 103 92 91 .. .. .. .. 99 99

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.8 .. .. 70 .. .. .. 15

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24) Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

16

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

72 ..

49 73 86 82 14 18 .. .. 5.6 1.1 5 6 19 39 76 55 43 74 69 .. .. .. 46 68 44 49 .. .. 6.8 5.4 20.7 27.2 14.2 12.2

12

949 83 .. ..

77 ..

101 102 100 100 77 63 97 98 99 99

1.7 19 .. .. .. .. .. 15

52 70 89 84 11 16 .. .. 2.2 0.6 3 4 12 34 85 62 47 71 77 .. .. .. 48 64 39 42 .. .. 7.7 8.3 23.8 25.3 15.8 18.7

23


Country tables China Unless otherwise noted, data for China do not include data for Hong Kong SAR, China; Macao SAR, China; or Taiwan, China.

Kosovo, Montenegro, and Serbia Montenegro declared independence from Serbia and Montenegro on June 3, 2006. Where available, data for each country are shown separately. However, some indicators for Serbia prior to 2006 include data for Montenegro; these data are noted in the tables. Moreover, data for most indicators for Serbia from 1999 onward exclude data for Kosovo, which in 1999 became a territory under international administration pursuant to UN Security Council Resolution 1244 (1999). Kosovo became a member of the World Bank on June 29, 2009, and its data are shown where available.

The Little Data Book on Gender

2011

17


Afghanistan South Asia

Low income

Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

30.6 9.5 330

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

943 41 .. ..

41 ..

22 11 1 14 ..

39 21 3 41 ..

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) 8.0 Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) .. Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) .. Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) .. Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) .. Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) .. Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) .. Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) 1,700 Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24) Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

18

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

32 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 18 .. .. 12 100 .. 29 24 .. .. .. ..

4

943 44 .. ..

44 ..

83 123 28 58 1 6 21 55 .. ..

6.5 111 39 23 .. 36 24 1,400

84 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

79 59 .. .. .. ..

33 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 13 100 .. 29 25 .. 9.5 .. ..

28

85 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

78 57 .. 7.6 .. ..


Albania Europe & Central Asia Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

Upper middle income 3.2 12.7 4,000

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

<2

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%)

935 75 .. ..

69 ..

935 80 1 ..

74 3

Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

100 85 9 .. ..

99 93 8 .. ..

117 73 23 89 99

121 72 15 90 99

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

2.9 .. .. .. .. .. .. 48

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

51 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 37 35 .. .. .. ..

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

29

The Little Data Book on Gender

1.9 17 10 69 .. 97 99 31

74 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

60 39 .. .. .. ..

49 70 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 52 80 .. 35 58 31 34 18.8 25.0 .. .. .. .. .. ..

16

2011

19


Algeria Middle East & North Africa Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

35.4 157.9 4,460

Upper middle income Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

6.8

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

952 68 .. ..

66 ..

952 74 .. ..

71 ..

86 102 54 70 .. .. 72 89 62 86

104 97 36 91 89

111 96 25 90 94

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

4.7 .. .. 51 .. 58 77 250

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

23 75 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 14 100 .. 18 61 14 35 .. .. 17.0 21.7 .. .. .. ..

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

20

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

2

2.3 7 2 61 11 89 95 120

37 80 51 36 34 34 49 32 7.3 7.2 22 20 28 26 49 54 13 .. .. 14 100 5 33 71 24 49 .. .. 10.1 11.0 .. .. 46.3 42.8

8


American Samoa East Asia & Pacific Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

Upper middle income 0.07 .. ..

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24) Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24) Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

.. .. .. ..

.. ..

.. .. .. ..

.. ..

100 95 .. .. ..

98 91 .. .. ..

.. .. 35 .. ..

.. .. 21 .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. 99 97 2 3 .. .. 0.3 0.1 0 4 45 43 25 52 42 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 1.7 3.6 .. .. 11.8 12.0

..

The Little Data Book on Gender

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. ..

..

2011

21


Andorra High income Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

0.09 3.4 41,130

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%)

.. .. .. ..

.. ..

.. .. .. ..

.. ..

Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

90 84 12 104 ..

89 78 9 99 ..

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

..

22

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

1.2 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 47 .. 71 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

54

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. ..


Angola Sub-Saharan Africa Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

Lower middle income 19.0 75.2 3,960

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

54.3

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

971 44 .. ..

40 ..

971 50 .. 25

46 ..

79 .. 0 .. ..

86 .. 1 .. ..

114 .. .. .. 66

141 .. .. .. 81

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) 7.2 Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) .. Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) .. Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) .. Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) .. Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) .. Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) .. Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) 1,000 Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24) Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

74 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 12 100 .. 69 64 .. .. .. ..

5.6 162 .. .. .. 80 47 610

90 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

83 74 .. .. .. ..

15

The Little Data Book on Gender

75 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 12 100 .. 69 62 .. .. .. ..

88 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

82 71 .. .. .. ..

39

2011

23


Antigua and Barbuda Latin America & Caribbean Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

0.09 0.94 10,610

Upper middle income Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

.. 76 .. ..

71 ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.7 .. .. 53 .. .. .. ..

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

.. 83 16 14 0.9 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

24

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

0

.. .. .. ..

.. ..

97 103 111 110 20 9 93 96 99 98

.. .. .. .. .. 100 100 ..

.. 78 21 15 0.7 .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. 1 5 93 51 .. .. 13 60 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

11

.. .. .. .. .. 4 26 68

.. .. .. .. .. ..


Argentina Latin America & Caribbean Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

40.7 343.6 8,450

Upper middle income Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

<2

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%)

962 75 .. ..

68 ..

Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

113 74 43 .. 99

107 67 37 .. 98

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

3.0 .. .. .. .. 95 96 72

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24) Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

72 ..

116 117 91 80 84 55 108 103 99 99

2.2 56 .. 78 .. 99 95 70

43 78 70 68 30 32 27 25 2.5 0.7 0 1 18 39 82 60 37 .. .. 13 60 .. 39 74 37 59 .. .. 7.3 7.3 .. .. 15.6 11.5

6

The Little Data Book on Gender

962 79 .. 34

52 78 80 73 20 27 17 22 1.2 0.4 0 2 10 33 89 65 45 61 .. 13 100 23 47 73 28 41 9.8 15.7 9.8 7.8 .. .. 24.7 18.8

39

2011

25


Armenia Europe & Central Asia Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

Lower middle income 3.1 9.6 3,090

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

<2

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%)

937 71 .. ..

Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

96 92 .. .. .. .. .. .. 100 100

100 97 94 92 57 44 100 96 100 100

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

2.5 .. .. 56 .. .. .. 51

1.7 35 10 53 13 93 100 29

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

61 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 37 18 .. .. .. ..

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

36

26

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

65 ..

78 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

56 35 .. .. .. ..

873 77 3 36

71 8

60 75 60 62 40 38 40 36 17.1 7.6 49 39 8 25 43 35 45 .. .. .. .. 24 39 55 23 38 .. .. 35.0 21.9 .. .. 69.4 47.2

9


Aruba High income Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

0.11 .. ..

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24) Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24) Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

952 76 .. ..

71 ..

952 78 .. ..

72 ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

113 97 36 93 99

117 94 26 97 99

2.2 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

1.7 31 .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. 95 90 5 10 2 5 0.6 0.1 0 0 5 28 95 71 44 71 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 6.3 5.9 13.8 16.2 11.0 12.9

..

The Little Data Book on Gender

.. .. 94 88 6 12 3 5 0.4 0.1 0 1 6 33 93 66 49 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 6.5 5.0 .. .. 22.9 24.1

..

2011

27


Australia High income Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

22.3 956.9 43,740

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%)

948 80 .. ..

Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

106 106 132 132 38 33 .. .. .. ..

106 107 130 135 94 71 .. .. .. ..

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.9 .. .. 76 .. 100 100 10

1.9 15 .. .. .. .. .. 8

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

52 76 88 83 12 17 9 12 1.2 0.5 4 7 13 34 83 59 44 .. 82 12 .. .. 47 67 56 59 .. .. 7.2 6.7 17.1 24.1 12.8 13.2

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

28

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

6

74 ..

947 84 .. ..

79 ..

58 72 91 86 9 14 7 11 0.3 0.2 2 4 9 32 88 64 47 71 90 52 0 38 55 68 62 62 .. .. 5.4 5.7 14.4 15.0 10.4 12.6

25


Austria High income Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

8.4 391.5 46,710

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%)

948 79 .. ..

Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

101 101 96 105 31 35 .. .. .. ..

98 99 98 103 64 54 97 97 .. ..

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.5 .. .. .. .. 100 100 10

1.4 12 .. .. .. .. .. 5

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

43 70 86 86 9 12 11 7 5.2 1.9 9 7 20 49 70 44 42 .. .. 16 100 .. 42 68 58 64 .. .. 3.6 3.0 18.5 18.4 3.8 3.8

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

72 ..

12

The Little Data Book on Gender

948 83 .. ..

77 ..

53 68 89 85 11 16 8 9 2.5 1.8 5 5 11 37 83 58 47 81 .. 16 100 29 51 65 49 57 .. .. 4.5 5.0 21.0 19.7 9.4 10.5

28

2011

29


Azerbaijan Europe & Central Asia Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

Upper middle income 8.9 46.0 5,180

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

<2

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%)

939 70 .. ..

61 ..

Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

110 88 19 94 ..

111 87 28 96 ..

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

2.7 .. .. .. .. .. .. 64

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

59 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 55 45 .. .. .. ..

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

30

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

..

862 73 5 25

68 9

95 96 101 98 19 19 91 92 100 100

2.3 33 12 51 23 77 88 38

74 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

66 41 .. .. .. ..

60 67 37 48 63 52 62 47 16.8 16.8 40 37 7 18 53 45 44 .. .. 18 100 16 57 62 31 28 4.5 5.8 4.9 7.1 .. .. 9.8 18.7

16


Bahamas, The High income Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

0.35 7.0 20,410

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%)

946 73 .. ..

67 ..

946 77 .. ..

Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

97 94 27 .. ..

96 91 12 .. ..

103 103 94 92 .. .. 96 93 .. ..

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

2.6 .. .. 62 .. .. 99 55

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24) Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

2.0 30 .. .. .. 98 99 49

64 79 89 84 10 15 .. .. 0.7 0.3 2 9 5 24 93 67 50 52 .. 8 100 .. 57 70 40 51 .. .. 12.2 12.1 40.1 22.6 19.5 14.3

4

The Little Data Book on Gender

71 ..

68 79 91 83 10 17 .. .. 0.3 0.1 1 5 4 28 96 67 49 .. .. 13 60 .. 58 69 34 41 .. .. 14.0 14.4 .. .. 21.7 16.7

12

2011

31


Bahrain High income Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

0.81 19.7 25,420

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%)

952 74 .. ..

70 ..

Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

110 102 20 98 97

107 98 15 96 97

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

3.7 .. .. 53 .. .. 94 25

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24) Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

32

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

28 88 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 0 3 7 33 92 64 8 .. 62 6 100 .. 26 84 16 47 .. .. 11.8 5.2 .. .. 33.9 22.4

..

952 78 .. ..

75 ..

105 108 98 95 51a 52a 99 103 100 100

2.2 15 .. .. .. .. 99 19

32 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 10 .. 77 6 100 12 29 16 .. .. .. ..

3

85 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

82 43 .. .. .. ..


Bangladesh South Asia Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

Low income 164.4 104.5 640

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

49.6

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

954 55 62 9

53 47

954 68 20 13

66 16

66 12 1 .. 38

78 24 7 .. 52

97 45 6 63 77

93 40 10 58 74

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

4.4 .. 73 40 18 26 10 870

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

61 .. .. .. .. 85 9 2 20 .. .. 12 100 .. 61 57 .. 1.9 .. 2.3

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

2.3 75 66 53 17 51 24 340

89 .. .. .. .. 54 16 25

87 75 .. 2.0 .. 2.8

10

The Little Data Book on Gender

59 83 12 15 87 85 87 85 60.1 9.7 68 42 13 15 19 43 20 .. .. 12 100 10 56 80 46 60 6.4 25.7 7.0 3.4 .. .. 13.6 8.0

19

2011

33


Barbados High income Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

0.26 3.5 13,500

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

965 77 .. ..

72 ..

965 80 .. ..

75 ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.7 .. .. 55 .. 100 .. 120

1.5 42 .. .. .. 100 100 64

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

62 78 91 85 9 15 9 14 0.6 1.0 6 7 14 29 70 56 47 60 .. 12 100 .. 48 65 39 44 .. .. 20.2 10.3 61.3 55.3 40.5 21.8

66 90 10 10 0.2 3 8 78 51 .. .. 12 100 .. 59 39 .. 9.4 .. ..

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

34

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

4

10

78 80 20 18 0.0 4 26 62

72 49 .. 6.8 .. ..


Belarus Europe & Central Asia Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

Upper middle income 9.6 58.2 6,030

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

<2

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%)

939 76 .. ..

Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

96 96 100 96 .. .. 95 95 100 100

100a 98a 91a 89a 91 63 92 93 100 100

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.9 .. .. .. .. .. .. 37

1.5 22 7 73 .. 99 100 15

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

60 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 55 .. .. .. .. .. 53 38 .. .. .. ..

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

66 ..

75 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

66 40 .. .. .. ..

..

The Little Data Book on Gender

943 76 .. 54

65 ..

55 67 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 9 15 24 33 64 37 56 .. .. 18 100 .. 49 60 31 36 11.2 12.1 .. .. .. .. .. ..

32

2011

35


Belgium High income Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

10.9 493.5 45,420

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%)

949 79 .. ..

Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

101 100 102 101 37 38 82 76 .. ..

103 104 106 109 74 59 89 85 .. ..

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.6 .. .. 78 .. .. 100 7

1.9 13 .. 75 .. .. .. 5

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

36 61 83 80 17 20 17 18 6.2 0.8 2 4 16 40 81 56 39 80 75 15 82 .. 34 58 29 34 .. .. 11.4 4.6 70.0 66.1 19.2 10.1

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

36

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

9

73 ..

952 84 .. ..

78 ..

47 61 89 82 11 18 9 11 2.2 0.5 1 2 10 35 88 63 47 81 86 15 82 31 43 56 24 29 .. .. 8.1 7.7 45.0 43.5 22.5 21.5

39


Belize Latin America & Caribbean Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

0.34 1.3 3,740

Lower middle income Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

12.1

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%)

971 74 .. ..

71 ..

Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

110 65 .. 95 77

114 61 .. 96 76

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

4.5 .. .. 47 .. 96 77 72

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24) Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

75 7

120 124 79 73 15 8 108 103 .. ..

2.8 76 .. 34 .. 99 95 94

35 82 76 68 24 32 .. .. 2.6 3.3 5 33 13 23 79 41 34 50 .. 12 80 .. 30 75 27 59 .. .. 2.1 4.4 51.6 30.8 4.0 7.1

0

The Little Data Book on Gender

971 79 3 ..

47 81 74 67 26 33 22 25 4.3 3.7 3 28 10 22 86 50 38 .. .. 14 80 .. 41 75 32 55 .. .. 13.0 5.9 .. .. 28.8 13.8

0

2011

37


Benin Sub-Saharan Africa Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

Low income 9.2 6.9 750

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

47.3

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

961 55 .. ..

53 ..

961 63 65 23

37 9 1 12 27

70 22 4 27 55

114 129 26 46 .. .. 53 71 43 65

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

6.7 .. .. .. .. .. .. 790

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

57 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 21 .. .. 14 100 .. 57 55 .. 0.6 .. 0.7

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

38

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

3

61 64

5.4 106 34 17 30 84 74 410

89 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

88 79 .. 2.2 .. 2.5

67 78 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 14 100 .. 67 77 58 55 76.0 72.8 .. .. .. .. .. ..

8


Bermuda High income Population (milliona) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

0.6 .. ..

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%)

.. 78 .. ..

70 ..

.. 82 .. ..

76 ..

Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

92a 85a 47 .. ..

91a 72a 18 .. ..

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 49 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 4.3 .. ..

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

1.8 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. 7.5 .. ..

..

The Little Data Book on Gender

.. .. .. .. .. 0 3 97 49 .. 92 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. 3 21 77

.. .. .. .. .. ..

..

2011

39


Bhutan South Asia

Lower middle income

Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

0.71 1.4 1,920

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

26.2

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

962 54 .. ..

51 ..

962 68 .. 28

43 .. .. 20 ..

71 .. .. 28 ..

110 108 61 62 5 8 92 85 68 80

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

5.9 .. .. 19 .. .. 15 940

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

45 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 43 31 .. .. .. ..

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

40

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

2

65 ..

2.6 48 .. 35 .. 88 71 200

67 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

66 46 .. .. .. ..

53 71 18 52 25 19 76 39 51.7 21.3 63 33 6 24 32 44 17 .. .. .. .. .. 52 69 40 50 .. .. 3.3 3.0 .. .. 7.2 5.5

9


Bolivia Latin America & Caribbean Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

10.0 18.0 1,790

Lower middle income Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

14.0

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%)

952 61 51 19

57 51

Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

102 .. .. 64 92

110 .. .. 78 96

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

4.9 .. 24 30 23 46 43 510

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24) Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

64 18

107 108 80 82 35 42 98 99 99 99

3.4 77 .. 61 .. 86 71 180

59 82 48 63 52 37 50 32 6.7 3.6 0 2 12 35 87 63 35 .. .. 8 .. .. 55 78 42 57 .. .. 12.3 21.1 .. .. .. ..

9

The Little Data Book on Gender

952 68 20 ..

62 82 23 43 70 57 67 49 34.4 15.0 38 34 9 28 52 38 38 .. .. 12 70 36 58 78 40 54 31.1 33.0 6.0 4.5 .. .. .. ..

25

2011

41


Bosnia and Herzegovina Europe & Central Asia Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

Upper middle income 3.8 18.0 4,790

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

<2

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24) Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24) Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

42

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

933 74 .. ..

62 ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

1.7 .. .. .. .. .. 97 18

53 67 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 37 48 14 19 .. .. 21.6 15.5 .. .. .. ..

..

933 78 .. ..

73 ..

110 108 92 90 42 32 .. .. 100 100

1.2 15 6 36 23 99 100 9

55 68 73 73 27 28 .. .. 10.4 2.6 .. .. .. .. .. .. 36 .. .. .. .. .. 40 52 22 23 9.5 11.7 27.1 21.8 .. .. 51.9 44.7

17


Botswana Sub-Saharan Africa Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

Upper middle income 2.0 13.6 6,890

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

31.2

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%)

971 66 16 ..

62 18

971 55 .. ..

55 ..

Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

109 102 42 38 4 5 98 81 92 86

108 84 8 97 97

111 79 7 93 94

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24) Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

4.7 .. 10 33 .. 92 77 83

2.8 49 .. 53 .. 94 95 190

64 82 65 67 35 33 34 31 6.8 1.4 .. .. .. .. .. .. 34 .. .. 12 25 .. 47 64 30 41 .. .. 17.2 11.7 .. .. 33.3 20.2

5

The Little Data Book on Gender

72 81 59 62 41 38 39 33 4.4 2.1 24 35 11 19 65 46 43 .. 66 12 25 33 57 68 36 44 .. .. 19.9 15.3 .. .. .. ..

8

2011

43


Brazil Latin America & Caribbean Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

194.9 1,830.4 9,390

Upper middle income Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

3.8

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%)

952 70 20 21

63 17

952 76 .. ..

69 ..

Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

129 130 .. .. 11 10 .. .. .. ..

123 106 39 .. 99

132 96 30 .. 97

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

2.8 .. 26 59 18 74 72 120

1.8 76 36 80 .. 97 97 58

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

45 68 32 30 9.4 13 13 74 35 .. 54 17 100 .. 42 38 .. 3.5 .. 6.8

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

44

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

5

85 65 35 29 4.3 28 28 44

78 69 .. 3.8 .. 6.7

60 82 69 64 25 33 22 27 6.3 3.4 12 21 13 29 75 50 42 .. .. 17 100 35 54 77 43 62 3.5 6.9 11.0 6.1 .. .. 23.1 13.9

9


Brunei Darussalam High income Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

0.41 12.5 31,180

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%)

948 76 .. ..

72 ..

Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

110 80 6 135 98

117 73 5 119 98

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

3.2 .. .. .. .. 100 98 28

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

45 96 4 3 0.6 2 9 90 23 .. .. .. .. .. 44 33 .. 6.7 .. ..

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

75 ..

107 106 99 97 22 13 104 103 100 100

2.1 24 .. .. .. .. 100 21

83 94 6 4 0.4 2 31 66

79 49 .. 3.7 .. ..

..

The Little Data Book on Gender

948 80 .. ..

60 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 57 39 .. .. .. ..

75 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

72 44 .. .. .. ..

..

2011

45


Bulgaria Europe & Central Asia Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

Upper middle income 7.6 47.2 6,240

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

<2

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%)

943 75 .. ..

68 ..

Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

95 99 28 101 ..

97 99 24 101 ..

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.8 .. .. .. .. .. .. 24

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24) Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

46

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

55 63 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 52 48 .. 17 100 .. 45 50 34 26 .. .. 22.0 20.9 52.3 52.6 .. ..

21

943 77 .. ..

70 ..

101 102 86 89 61 46 94 94 97 98

1.6 40 .. .. .. .. 100 13

48 61 90 85 10 15 8 10 1.5 0.6 5 9 27 43 67 49 51 54 69 19 90 32 45 57 23 29 .. .. 6.6 7.0 46.4 40.7 13.7 17.8

21


Burkina Faso Sub-Saharan Africa Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

Low income 16.3 9.0 550

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

56.5

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

957 48 .. 7

47 ..

25 3 0 14 14

40 6 1 24 27

957 55 .. ..

75a 19a 2 44a 33

52 ..

83a 24a 5 50a 47

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

6.8 .. 62 8 25 59 42 770

5.8 122 48 17 31 85 54 560

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

77 91 1 6 98 93 98 92 87.3 52.2 .. .. .. .. .. .. 13 .. .. 14 100 .. 76 88 73 81 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

78 91 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 14 100 .. 77 88 71 79 34.5 49.0 .. .. .. .. .. ..

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

..

The Little Data Book on Gender

15

2011

47


Burundi Sub-Saharan Africa Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

Low income 8.5 1.4 160

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

81.3

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

971 48 114 ..

45 101

971 52 65 ..

49 65

62 4 0 34 48

77 6 1 48 59

144 18 1 51 76

149 25 3 54 77

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) 6.6 Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) .. Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) 17 Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) 9 Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) .. Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) 79 Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) 19 Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) 1,200 Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24) Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

48

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

91 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 14 .. .. 12 90 .. 85 75 .. 0.3 .. 0.4

..

4.5 20 18 9 .. 92 34 970

90 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

84 70 .. 0.7 .. 1.0

91 88 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 12 100 .. 85 81 72 65 11.0 12.5 .. .. .. .. .. ..

32


Cambodia East Asia & Pacific Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

Low income 14.1 10.7 760

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

28.3

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

952 57 .. ..

53 ..

952 63 20 24

60 20

96 .. 0 .. ..

119 .. 2 .. ..

113 36 5 79 86

120 44 9 80 89

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

5.8 .. .. .. .. .. .. 690

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

78 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 12 100 .. 77 74 .. .. .. ..

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

2.9 38 23 51a 25 89a 71a 290

84 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

84 68 .. .. .. ..

..

The Little Data Book on Gender

74 86 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 44 .. .. 13 50 14 72 84 69 74 48.1 49.6 .. .. .. .. .. ..

21

2011

49


Cameroon Sub-Saharan Africa Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

Lower middle income 20.0 23.2 1,160

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

9.6

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

971 57 75 18

89 103 20 29 .. .. 52 56 .. ..

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

5.9 .. 58 16 22 79 58 680

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

48 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 14 100 .. 45 33 .. .. .. ..

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

50

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

53 64

14

971 52 72 24

51 73

106 122 38 45 8 10 67 80 77 89

4.5 123 36 29 3 82 63 600

83 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

76 55 .. .. .. ..

54 81 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 14 100 .. 50 74 33 51 43.4 43.5 3.3 2.5 .. .. .. ..

14


Canada High income Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

34.2 1,415.4 41,950

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%)

949 81 .. ..

Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

103 104 100 99 99 80 .. .. .. ..

98 99 101 103 72 53 96 96 .. ..

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.8 .. .. .. .. .. .. 6

1.6 13 .. .. .. .. 100 12

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24) Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

74 ..

58 76 90 82 10 18 .. .. 0.9 0.2 2 5 12 34 85 61 47 70 .. 17 57 .. 52 67 58 57 .. .. 8.1 8.2 6.2 8.0 11.0 13.5

13

The Little Data Book on Gender

949 84 .. ..

79 ..

63 73 89 81 11 19 .. .. 0.2 0.1 1 3 10 32 89 65 50 68 .. 18 55 36 58 66 60 56 .. .. 7.0 9.4 7.4 8.1 12.4 18.0

25

2011

51


Cape Verde Sub-Saharan Africa Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

Lower middle income 0.51 1.6 3,160

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

21.0

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%)

971 68 .. ..

63 ..

Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

109 20 0 51 86

116 20 0 57 90

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

5.3 .. .. .. .. .. .. 230

2.7 77 18 61 .. 98 78 94

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

42 86 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 39 79 42 70 .. .. 22.6 23.3 .. .. 42.1 40.7

54 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 50 39 .. .. .. ..

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

52

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

12

971 74 .. ..

69 ..

94 102 88 75 17 13 87 87 99 97

21

81 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

75 58 .. .. .. ..


Cayman Islands High income Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

0.06 .. ..

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%)

.. .. .. ..

.. ..

.. .. .. ..

.. ..

Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

85 86 39 76 99

91 78 18 91 99

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

.. .. .. .. .. 0 3 98 50 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 12.2 .. ..

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

.. .. .. .. .. .. 100 ..

.. .. .. .. .. 2 34 64

.. .. .. 5.3 .. ..

..

The Little Data Book on Gender

.. .. 95 87 5 12 .. .. .. .. 1 3 4 33 94 63 51 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 4.1 3.8 .. .. 13.3 13.6

..

2011

53


Central African Republic Sub-Saharan Africa Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

Low income 4.5 2.1 460

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

62.8

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

971 52 .. ..

47 ..

55 7 0 19 35

87 16 2 42 63

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

5.8 .. .. .. .. .. .. 880

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

69 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 14 50 .. 65 51 .. .. .. ..

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

54

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

4

971 49 82 ..

46 74

76a 107a 9a 16a 1 3 29a 51a 57 72

4.7 103 61 19 .. 69 44 850

87 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

81 63 .. .. .. ..

72 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 14 50 .. 67 51 .. .. .. ..

13

87 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

80 62 .. .. .. ..


Chad Sub-Saharan Africa Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

Low income 11.5 6.9 600

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

61.9

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

971 53 .. ..

49 ..

30 2 0 6 9

69 11 1 26 26

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) 6.7 Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) .. Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) .. Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) .. Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) .. Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) .. Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) .. Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) 1,300 Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24) Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

48 96

74 105 14 34 1 3 24 42 39 54

6.1 154 72 3 21 39 14 1,200

65 81 1 9 98 90 98 90 44.4 13.2 86 80 1 3 13 16 4 .. .. 14 50 .. 60 75 51 49 .. .. 0.3 1.1 .. .. .. ..

..

The Little Data Book on Gender

971 50 101 20

63 78 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 14 50 .. 59 73 49 47 56.2 64.4 .. .. .. .. .. ..

13

2011

55


Channel Islands High income Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

0.15 10.2 68,600

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

946 79 .. ..

74 ..

946 82 .. ..

77 ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.5 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

..

56

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

1.4 9 .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. ..


Chile Latin America & Caribbean Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

17.1 170.3 9,940

Upper middle income Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

<2

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%)

962 77 .. ..

71 ..

962 82 .. ..

76 ..

Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

104 106 80 76 25 29 .. .. 99 98

104 92 56 88 99

109 89 54 101 99

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

2.6 .. .. 56 .. 95 99 56

1.9 57 .. 64 .. .. 100 26

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24) Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

32 77 77 71 20 28 .. .. .. .. 6 25 14 30 80 44 37 50 .. 18 100 .. 29 72 20 45 .. .. 5.7 5.7 27.2 14.7 12.4 13.4

..

The Little Data Book on Gender

42 73 74 72 26 28 24 25 2.7 1.0 6 15 11 31 83 54 36 56 .. 18 100 24 37 67 19 31 .. .. 10.7 9.1 .. .. 24.4 21.5

14

2011

57


China East Asia & Pacific Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

Upper middle income 1,338.3 5,700.0 4,260

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

15.9

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years)b Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%)

885 70 .. ..

67 ..

839 75 .. ..

72 ..

Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15+)

122 135 33 44 .. .. .. .. 91 97

115 81 25 .. 99

111 76 24 .. 99

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) b Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) b Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

2.3 .. .. 85 .. .. 50 110

1.8 9 .. 85 .. 91 99 38

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

73 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 38 .. .. 8 100 .. 70 74 .. .. .. ..

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

58

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

21

85 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

80 69 .. .. .. ..

67 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 13 100 17 65 59 .. .. .. ..

21

80 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

76 53 .. .. .. ..


Colombia Latin America & Caribbean Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

46.3 255.3 5,510

Upper middle income Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

16.0

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24) Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24) Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

952 72

6

64 11

952 77 3 19

99 48 14 63 89

120 120 99 90 38 36 117 113 98 97

23

113 57 15

85 92

3.1 .. 22 66 11 83 82 140

29 72 28 26 2.4 1

25 74 42

2.4 72 23 78 6 94 96 85

78 65 35 30 0.8 2 35 63

.. .. 12 100 .. 24 17 .. 13.2

69 50 .. 8.1 .. .. 24.8 15.3

5

The Little Data Book on Gender

70 4

41 78 49 46 51 54 48 47 7.3 3.6 6 27 16 22 78 51 48 .. 60 12 100 38 34 70 22 45 2.3 5.3 15.8 9.3 .. .. 29.9 18.2

13

2011

59


Comoros Sub-Saharan Africa Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

Low income 0.68 0.55 820

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

46.1

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

952 58 .. ..

55 ..

952 68 .. ..

64 ..

70 100 28 41 0 1 36 43 .. ..

114 39 2 71 85

125 52 3 91 86

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

5.5 .. .. .. .. .. .. 530

3.9 55 .. .. .. 75 .. 340

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

64 87 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 14 100 .. 61 80 52 62 .. .. 16.9 21.3 .. .. .. ..

74 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 14 100 .. 69 50 .. .. .. ..

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

60

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

0

3

85 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

80 56 .. .. .. ..


Congo, Dem. Rep. Sub-Saharan Africa Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

Low income 67.8 12.0 180

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

59.2

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

971 50 .. ..

46 ..

971 49 64 21

46 70

47 14 .. 36 ..

67 29 .. 61 ..

83 26 3 46 62

98 47 8 66 73

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

7.1 .. .. 8 .. .. .. 900

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

53 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 26 .. .. 14 67 .. 50 46 .. .. .. ..

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

5.9 189 39 21 24 85 74 670

85 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

79 64 .. .. .. ..

5

The Little Data Book on Gender

57 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 14 67 .. 53 48 .. .. .. ..

86 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

79 67 .. .. .. ..

10

2011

61


Congo, Rep. Sub-Saharan Africa Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

Lower middle income 3.8 8.7 2,310

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

54.1

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%)

971 61 .. ..

Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

118 126 41 54 2 8 58 59 .. ..

116 123 40 46 2 11 72 77 78 87

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

5.4 .. .. .. .. .. .. 460

4.3 116 .. 44 16 86 83 580

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

59 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 26 .. .. 15 100 .. 56 41 .. .. .. ..

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

62

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

14

57 ..

84 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

78 58 .. .. .. ..

971 55 43 23

53 49

63 83 9 36 90 62 89 60 4.7 3.3 39 31 21 20 39 46 .. .. .. 15 100 .. 59 77 40 56 30.2 29.9 .. .. .. .. .. ..

7


Costa Rica Latin America & Caribbean Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

4.6 30.5 6,580

Upper middle income Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

<2

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%)

952 78 .. ..

73 ..

952 82 .. ..

77 ..

Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

101 102 44 42 .. .. 81 77 .. ..

109 99 28 97 99

110 93 23 95 98

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

3.2 .. .. 75 .. 95 98 35

1.9 64 .. 80 .. 90 99 44

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

33 78 22 21 6.3 6 24 69 37 53 74 17 100 .. 31 31 .. 5.9 13.9 10.0

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

84 67 33 26 4.7 34 27 39

79 65 .. 4.1 8.4 7.6

11

The Little Data Book on Gender

45 75 25 20 2.6 4 13 82 42 .. 70 16 100 30 42 33 3.5 6.2 .. 13.4

80 71 29 19 0.9 17 27 56

76 54 8.1 4.1 .. 9.6

39

2011

63


Côte d’Ivoire Sub-Saharan Africa Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

Lower middle income 21.6 23.0 1,070

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

23.8

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

978 60 58 15

56 71

978 59 .. ..

57 ..

56 .. 1 30 38

79 .. 4 50 60

66 .. 6 39 61

81 .. 11 54 72

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

6.3 .. 44 11 27 83 45 690

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

43 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 14 100 .. 42 36 .. .. .. ..

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

64

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

6

4.5 120 35 13 29 85 57 470

88 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

81 65 .. .. .. ..

51 82 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 14 100 .. 49 78 40 59 43.6 47.7 .. .. .. .. .. ..

9


Croatia High income Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

4.4 61.0 13,760

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

<2

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%)

944 76 .. ..

Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

82 82 84 81 25 26 .. .. 100 100

95 95 97 94 55 43 97 97 100 100

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.6 .. .. .. .. .. 100 8

1.5 13 .. .. .. 100a 100a 14

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

47 69 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 43 .. .. .. .. .. 41 62 25 29 .. .. 11.2 11.1 .. .. 38.6 41.5

46 60 80 77 20 23 18 16 3.9 0.9 15 13 16 39 68 47 45 59 77 59 100 26 41 56 20 30 .. .. 10.2 8.0 61.0 50.8 27.2 18.5

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

69 ..

..

The Little Data Book on Gender

944 80 1 24

73 1

24

2011

65


Cuba Latin America & Caribbean Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

11.2 62.2 5,550

Upper middle income Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%)

946 77 .. ..

Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

98 103 101 89 25 18 .. .. .. ..

103 104 89 90 149 88 98 98 100 100

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.8 .. .. 70 .. .. 100 63

1.5 45 .. 78 8 100 100 53

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

36 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 18 100 .. 35 28 .. .. .. ..

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

66

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

34

73 ..

73 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

71 53 .. .. .. ..

946 81 .. 46

41 93 7 .. .. 9 12 80 43 .. .. 18 100 29 40 29 .. 2.0 .. 3.5

43

77 ..

67 77 23 .. .. 25 22 53

66 41 .. 1.4 .. 2.8


Curaçao High income Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

0.14 .. ..

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%)

.. .. .. ..

.. ..

.. .. .. ..

.. ..

Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

..

The Little Data Book on Gender

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. ..

..

2011

67


Cyprus High income Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

0.88 24.4 c 30,460c

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%)

935 79 .. ..

Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

89 89 71 70 13 10 83 84 100 100

105 106 99 98 48 56 103 103 100 100

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

2.4 .. .. .. .. .. .. 17

1.5 6 .. .. .. .. .. 10

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

46 .. .. .. .. 16 25 59 .. .. 58 .. .. .. 43 38 .. 2.2 .. ..

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

68

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

2

74 ..

74 .. .. .. .. 12 31 55

71 42 .. 2.0 .. ..

935 82 .. ..

77 ..

54 71 86 75 14 25 13 17 3.5 1.4 3 5 10 32 87 62 49 66 56 16 75 .. 52 67 33 36 .. .. 5.5 5.0 10.4 10.4 9.4 8.6

11


Czech Republic High income Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

10.5 188.3 17,870

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

<2

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%)

945 75 .. ..

68 ..

945 80 .. ..

Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

96 88 14 93 ..

96 97 18 91 ..

103 104 96 94 71 51 99 99 .. ..

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.9 .. .. 78 .. 99 .. 15

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24) Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

1.5 10 .. .. .. .. 100 8

52 71 90 84 10 16 5 8 0.4 0.2 6 9 33 51 61 40 51 69 68 .. .. .. 51 70 40 56 .. .. 2.1 2.4 17.7 19.5 4.1 5.1

..

The Little Data Book on Gender

74 ..

49 68 89 79 11 21 9 16 1.0 0.3 2 4 24 49 74 47 46 69 .. 28 69 29 45 64 21 29 .. .. 7.7 5.8 33.4 29.0 16.7 16.6

22

2011

69


Denmark High income Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

5.6 328.3 58,980

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%)

948 78 .. ..

72 ..

948 81 .. ..

77 ..

Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

98 98 110 108 36 32 95 95 .. ..

99 120 92 97 ..

98 117 63 96 ..

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.7 .. .. 78 .. .. 100 7

1.8 6 .. .. .. .. .. 5

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

62 75 93 85 7 15 6 8 4.0 0.1 3 8 16 37 81 55 48 71 85 18 .. .. 56 68 63 68 .. .. 8.9 7.8 32.0 27.8 11.6 11.4

60 71 95 87 5 13 4 7 0.5 0.3 1 4 10 29 89 66 49 62 87 18 90 25 57 66 62 61 .. .. 5.4 6.5 9.4 8.9 9.9 12.4

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

70

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

31

38


Djibouti Middle East & North Africa Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

0.88 1.1 1,280

Lower middle income Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

18.8

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

962 52 .. ..

49 ..

962 57 24 ..

54 29

30 9 0 .. ..

41 13 0 .. ..

51 26 3 34 ..

58 35 4 37 ..

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

6.2 .. .. .. .. .. .. 370

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

51 81 79 75 16 19 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 14 50 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 46.7 41.9 .. .. .. ..

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

3.8 22 5 23 22 92 93 300

0

The Little Data Book on Gender

62 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 14 50 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

79 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. ..

14

2011

71


Dominica Latin America & Caribbean Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

0.07 0.37 4,960

Upper middle income Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%)

.. 75 .. ..

71 ..

Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

111 78 5 .. ..

114 66 6 .. ..

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

2.7 .. .. 50 .. 90 .. ..

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24) Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

72

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

.. .. 70 57 28 41 23 32 2.9 3.0 13 40 13 27 71 31 40 .. .. 9 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 9.8 9.9 .. .. 29.3 13.6

10

.. .. .. ..

.. ..

111 113 109 102 5 2 88 90 .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. 100 100 ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 12 60 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

13

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. ..


Dominican Republic Latin America & Caribbean Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

10.2 49.7 4,860

Upper middle income Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

4.3

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%)

952 70 20 25

65 18

952 76 4 35

70 6

Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

121 .. .. .. ..

117 .. .. .. ..

98 82 41 89 97

114 72 26 90 95

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

3.5 .. 30 56 17 97 93 220

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

43 85 69 53 31 47 30 42 3.7 6.2 3 27 24 23 74 50 32 .. .. 12 100 .. 29 75 22 57 .. .. 33.3 12.8 .. .. 48.2 25.0

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

2.6 107 40 73 11 99 98 100

8

The Little Data Book on Gender

51 80 67 47 33 54 30 49 3.4 2.9 2 21 14 26 84 53 39 .. .. 12 100 42 39 73 26 52 2.7 9.0 22.8 8.5 .. .. 44.5 21.2

21

2011

73


Ecuador Latin America & Caribbean Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

13.8 62.1 4,510

Upper middle income Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

5.1

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%)

952 71 26 ..

66 25

952 78 5 ..

72 5

Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

119 59 23 92 96

121 57 34 92 97

118 77 45 107 97

117 74 39 105 97

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

3.7 .. 26 53 .. 76 61 230

2.5 82 22 73 .. 84 98 140

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

33 78 45 60 44 40 41 33 11.3 3.9 3 10 17 30 81 60 31 60 .. 12 100 .. 30 73 25 51 .. .. 9.1 4.3 .. .. 17.3 11.1

47 78 46 58 53 42 51 37 19.5 7.3 23 34 11 24 66 43 39 .. .. 12 100 28 43 74 27 45 11.6 16.9 8.4 5.2 .. .. 18.1 11.7

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

74

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

5

32


Egypt, Arab Rep. Middle East & North Africa Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

84.5 197.9 2,340

Lower middle income Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

<2

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

952 64 36 12

62 25

78 59 10 59 54

94 78 18 81 71

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

4.6 .. 27 48 20 52 37 220

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

27 50 51 46 32.8 52 10 38 21 .. 68 7 100 .. 21 14 .. 17.9 .. ..

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

69 5

99 103 66 68 24 31 95 98 82 88

2.8 44 17 60 9 74 79 82

74 57 43 24 9.6 35 24 41

71 35 .. 5.2 .. ..

4

The Little Data Book on Gender

952 72 5 12

22 75 48 61 52 39 49 22 33.9 8.7 46 28 6 27 49 44 19 .. 76 13 100 11 18 71 11 43 4.3 11.5 22.9 5.2 .. .. 47.9 17.2

2

2011

75


El Salvador Latin America & Caribbean Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

6.2 20.8 3,360

Lower middle income Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

5.1

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

952 71 .. ..

61 ..

952 76 .. ..

67 ..

96 40 19 66 85

97 36 21 64 85

113 64 26 91 95

117 63 23 88 95

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

4.0 .. .. 47 .. 69 52 200

2.3 80 25 73 .. 94 96 110

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

41 83 50 62 49 37 46 27 8.6 7.4 3 11 22 35 75 54 46 54 92 12 75 .. 39 76 30 62 .. .. 9.8 10.1 .. .. 14.3 15.0

46 77 42 62 48 36 45 31 10.0 9.0 4 28 20 26 76 46 48 .. 85 12 75 29 44 69 29 52 3.8 10.1 3.6 7.5 .. .. 8.3 13.0

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

76

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

12

19


Equatorial Guinea High income Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

0.69 10.2 14,680

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%)

971 48 .. ..

Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

141 150 25 57 0 3 48 54 .. ..

45 ..

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) 5.9 Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) .. Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) .. Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) .. Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) .. Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) 37 Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) 5 Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) 1,000 Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

40 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 11 .. .. 12 75 .. 36 38 .. .. .. ..

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

13

The Little Data Book on Gender

971 52 .. ..

82a .. .. 50a 98

49 ..

84a .. .. 50a 98

5.3 120 .. .. .. .. .. 280

92 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

85 78 .. .. .. ..

40 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 12 75 .. 37 41 .. .. .. ..

92 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

85 78 .. .. .. ..

10

2011

77


Eritrea Sub-Saharan Africa Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

Low income 5.2 1.8 340

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

971 50 .. ..

46 ..

20 11 .. 15 ..

21 12 .. 21 ..

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

6.2 .. .. .. .. .. .. 930

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

55 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 51 45 .. .. .. ..

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

78

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

..

971 62 .. ..

44 26 1a 43 86

58 ..

53 37 3a 52 92

4.5 61 .. .. .. .. .. 280

84 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

77 62 .. .. .. ..

63 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 9 .. .. 59 46 .. .. .. ..

22

83 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

77 59 .. .. .. ..


Estonia High income Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

1.3 19.2 14,360

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

<2

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%)

944 75 .. ..

Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

92 95 104 96 25 23 .. .. 100 100

99 101 101 98 80 48 101 100 100 100

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

2.0 .. .. 70 .. .. .. 48

1.6 21 .. .. .. .. 100 12

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

63 97 3 3 2.3 15 31 53 52 .. .. .. .. .. 61 47 .. 0.7 .. ..

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

65 ..

77 97 3 2 0.9 27 42 31

74 54 .. 0.6 .. ..

..

The Little Data Book on Gender

944 80 .. ..

70 ..

55 69 95 89 5 11 3 6 0.2 0.2 3 6 19 42 78 50 52 68 .. 20 100 34 49 57 28 32 .. .. 10.8 17.0 28.4 26.8 21.2 31.8

20

2011

79


Ethiopia Sub-Saharan Africa Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

Low income 85.0 32.4 380

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

39.0

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

971 48 .. ..

45 ..

971 57 56 23

54 56

29 12 0 18 28

44 16 1 28 39

98 30 2 53 33

107 39 5 57 56

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

7.1 .. .. 5 .. .. .. 990

5.2 63 49 15 34 28 6 470

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

72 91 2 4 24 70 96 89 72.6 20.5 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 12 100 .. 64 87 62 79 .. .. 1.6 1.1 .. .. 3.0 1.9

81 90 43 49 44 42 56 48 12.7 7.8 10 9 20 25 64 76 47 56 .. 13 100 20 74 88 68 77 47.1 64.3 29.9 12.1 .. .. 29.4 19.5

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

80

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

..

28


Faeroe Islands High income Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

0.05 .. ..

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%)

.. .. .. ..

.. ..

.. 82 .. ..

77 ..

Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

..

The Little Data Book on Gender

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. 8 8 83 46 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 3.9 .. 12.5

.. .. .. .. .. 20 33 53

.. .. .. 2.6 .. 6.9

..

2011

81


Fiji East Asia & Pacific Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

Lower middle income 0.85 3.1 3,610

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%)

943 69 .. ..

65 ..

943 71 .. ..

67 ..

Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

112 75 2 98 ..

112 78 4 98 ..

94 84 17 91 ..

95 78 14 92 ..

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

3.4 .. .. .. .. .. 98 40

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

29 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 30 .. .. 12 .. .. 28 24 .. .. .. ..

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

82

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

0

2.7 44 .. 43 .. .. .. 26

84 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

79 59 .. .. .. ..

39 78 57 59 41 40 39 39 19.9 12.3 .. .. .. .. .. .. 30 .. .. 12 .. 51 36 75 26 52 .. .. 12.9 6.4 .. .. .. ..

11


Finland High income Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

5.4 253.0 47,170

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%)

954 79 .. ..

Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

99 100 123 104 47 42 102 102 .. ..

97 98 112 106 101 82 97 97 .. ..

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.8 .. .. 77 .. 100 100 7

1.9 9 .. .. .. .. .. 8

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

59 89 11 .. 1.1 7 17 76 51 67 77 15 80 .. 55 46 .. 2.6 8.4 8.3

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

32

The Little Data Book on Gender

71 ..

72 81 20 .. 1.7 11 42 47

65 51 .. 3.5 9.7 9.4

954 83 .. ..

77 ..

57 65 91 82 9 18 7 12 0.4 0.7 3 6 10 37 87 56 51 64 84 21 70 30 53 59 43 40 .. .. 7.5 8.9 14.7 18.2 18.8 22.0

43

2011

83


France High income Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

64.9 2,749.8 42,390

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%)

951 81 .. ..

73 ..

Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

109 99 39 .. ..

111 93 34 .. ..

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.8 .. .. 81 .. 99 99 13

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24) Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

84

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

46 65 87 82 13 18 11 11 5.5 0.9 5 6 17 39 78 55 45 79 79 16 84 .. 41 60 29 36 .. .. 12.2 7.2 40.0 35.5 23.9 15.3

7

951 85 .. ..

78 ..

108 109 113 113 62 49 .. .. .. ..

2.0 7 .. 77 .. .. .. 8

51 62 93 86 7 14 5 8 1.0 0.3 2 4 10 34 87 62 49 80 82 16 100 38 46 57 29 34 .. .. 9.3 8.9 35.3 35.6 21.7 23.4

19


French Polynesia High income Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

0.27 .. ..

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%)

952 72 .. ..

67 ..

952 77 .. ..

72 ..

Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

125 130 78 57 .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

3.3 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

48 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

2.2 50 .. .. .. .. .. ..

74 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. ..

..

The Little Data Book on Gender

48 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 43 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

66 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. ..

..

2011

85


Gabon Sub-Saharan Africa Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

Upper middle income 1.5 11.7 7,760

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

4.8

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%)

971 63 .. ..

59 ..

Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

156 37 3 70 92

156 43 8 70 94

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

5.2 .. .. .. .. .. .. 260

3.2 86 .. .. .. .. .. 260

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

63 83 29 59 63 38 63 37 5.3 2.0 61 26 3 19 36 55 29 .. .. .. .. .. 53 68 38 43 .. .. 16.1 19.1 .. .. 40.2 41.7

70 35 65 64 6.7 34 3 64 .. .. .. 14 100 .. 59 36 .. .. .. ..

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

86

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

13

971 62 .. ..

60 ..

134 135 .. .. .. .. .. .. 97 99

15

81 52 46 45 2.3 17 19 64

65 40 .. .. .. ..


Gambia, The Sub-Saharan Africa Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

Low income 1.8 0.77 440

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

34.3

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

971 53 .. ..

50 ..

47 12 .. 32 ..

75 25 .. 60 ..

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

6.1 .. .. 12 .. .. 44 750

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

71 .. .. .. .. 77 1 20 21 .. .. .. .. .. 66 58 .. .. .. ..

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

86a 54a 0 73a 60

55 46

84a 57a 2 71a 71

5.0 73 36 .. .. 98 57 400

86 .. .. .. .. 54 11 35

80 59 .. .. .. ..

8

The Little Data Book on Gender

971 58 39 ..

71 85 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 12 100 .. 66 79 57 59 52.3 33.9 .. .. .. .. .. ..

8

2011

87


Georgia Europe & Central Asia Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

Lower middle income 4.5d 12.0d 2,690d

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

14.7

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%)

929 74 .. ..

67 ..

902 75 4 ..

Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

97 94 35 .. ..

97 96 38 .. ..

108 108 88 92 28 23 104 110 100 100

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

2.2 .. .. .. .. .. .. 58

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

60 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 51 24 .. .. .. ..

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

88

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

..

68 5

1.6 43 17 47 .. 94 98 48

78 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

66 32 .. .. .. ..

55 35 65 65 37.9 57 4 39 46 56 61 .. .. 33 46 14 29.9 16.1 .. 40.7

7

74 37 63 62 19.6 51 17 33

61 28 33.6 16.8 .. 32.4


Germany High income Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

81.6 3,537.2 43,330

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%)

948 79 .. ..

72 ..

Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

99 99 30 100 ..

98 101 40 99 ..

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.5 .. .. 70 .. .. 100 13

1.4 7 .. .. .. .. 100 7

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

45 73 91 88 9 12 6 5 2.9 0.4 4 4 26 50 70 45 43 90 .. 14 100 .. 45 69 55 60 .. .. 7.0 4.5 44.5 49.1 6.0 4.9

53 67 92 86 8 14 6 8 1.0 0.3 1 2 15 41 84 57 47 80 74 14 100 38 49 61 44 47 .. .. 7.3 8.1 47.0 44.4 9.8 12.0

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

..

The Little Data Book on Gender

948 83 .. ..

77 ..

103 104 99 104 .. .. 104 104 .. ..

33

2011

89


Ghana Sub-Saharan Africa Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

Lower middle income 24.3 30.1 1,240

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

30.0

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

948 58 79 37

56 78

948 58 28 34

64 28 0 56 ..

75 42 1 71 ..

105 106 54 61 7 11 81 85 79 81

56 38

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

5.6 .. 41 17 37 82 40 630

3.9 68 25 24 35 90 57 350

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

70 73 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 59 66 10 10 32 23 .. .. .. 12 50 .. 63 67 44 38 .. .. 5.5 3.7 .. .. 18.9 14.8

74 75 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 12 100 .. 66 68 44 42 48.0 49.9 .. .. .. .. .. ..

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

90

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

..

8


Gibraltar High income Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

0.03 .. ..

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%)

.. .. .. ..

.. ..

.. .. .. ..

.. ..

Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 35 .. 61 .. .. .. .. .. .. 4.0 .. ..

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. 7.7 .. ..

..

The Little Data Book on Gender

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 41 .. 61 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. ..

..

2011

91


Greece High income Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

11.3 308.6 27,240

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%)

938 80 .. ..

Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

99 100 92 94 26 25 100 99 99 99

101 101 99 104 95 87 101 102 99 99

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.4 .. .. .. .. .. .. 6

1.5 11 .. .. .. .. .. 2

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24) Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

92

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

75 ..

36 67 52 53 48 47 46 40 27.7 4.8 30 20 17 33 52 46 35 61 79 15 100 .. 30 63 24 38 .. .. 11.7 4.2 55.9 39.9 32.6 15.1

7

939 83 .. ..

78 ..

43 65 69 61 31 39 27 28 9.7 3.3 12 12 9 30 79 59 42 68 .. 17 100 27 37 61 17 27 .. .. 13.1 6.9 45.6 34.4 33.9 19.4

17


Greenland High income Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

0.06 1.5 26,150

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

.. 68 .. ..

63 ..

.. 70 .. ..

66 ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

2.4 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

..

The Little Data Book on Gender

2.4 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 49 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 6.7 10.0 .. .. .. ..

..

2011

93


Grenada Latin America & Caribbean Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

0.10 0.58 5,560

Upper middle income Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%)

952 71 .. ..

67 ..

Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

114 99 .. .. ..

117 89 .. .. ..

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

3.8 .. .. 54 .. 100 .. ..

2.3 40 .. 54 .. 100 99 ..

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

.. .. 84 74 31 18 29 14 1.3 1.6 15 24 17 30 62 40 40 43 .. 12 60 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 37.0 18.5 .. .. 26.7 27.5

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 12 100 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

94

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

..

952 77 .. ..

74 ..

104 110 100 99 62 45 117 134 96 96

13

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. ..


Guam High income Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

0.18 .. ..

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24) Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24) Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

945 74 .. ..

70 ..

945 78 .. ..

73 ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

3.1 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

2.5 51 .. .. .. .. .. ..

53 79 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 4.5 4.3 .. .. 16.1 16.4

..

The Little Data Book on Gender

52 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 43 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

77 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. ..

..

2011

95


Guatemala Latin America & Caribbean Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

14.4 39.3 2,740

Lower middle income Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

16.9

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

952 65 47 ..

59 44

952 74 .. ..

67 ..

75 23 .. .. 71

86 26 .. .. 82

110 55 18 77 84

117 58 18 83 89

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

5.6 .. 41 23 .. .. 29 140

4.0 105 .. 54 .. .. 51 110

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

39 88 68 46 32 54 30 53 9.1 14.4 3 18 22 34 75 49 37 .. .. 11 100 .. 38 85 31 76 .. .. 3.1 1.6 .. .. 6.0 3.0

48 88 39 49 61 51 58 45 21.4 15.5 16 44 21 24 63 32 43 .. .. 12 100 .. 46 85 39 75 11.7 24.5 2.4 1.5 .. .. .. ..

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

96

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

7

12


Guinea Sub-Saharan Africa Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

Low income 10.3 4.0 380

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

43.3

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

942 50 47 112 122 ..

21 5 0 9 ..

45 15 2 28 ..

942 60 86 17

56 89

83 27 5 53 54

97 46 14 71 68

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) 6.7 Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) .. Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) 67 Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) 2 Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) .. Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) 58 Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) 31 Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) 1,200

5.3 148 63 9 21 88 46 680

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

79 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 14 100 .. 77 71 .. .. .. ..

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

79 90 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 79 73 3 9 18 18 .. .. .. 14 100 .. 77 87 72 77 49.5 47.2 1.7 4.6 .. .. .. ..

..

The Little Data Book on Gender

89 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

86 75 .. .. .. ..

19

2011

97


Guinea-Bissau Sub-Saharan Africa Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

Low income 1.6 0.89 540

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

48.8

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

971 45 .. ..

42 ..

971 50 88 ..

47 110

36 3 0 3 ..

65 7 1 7 ..

.. .. .. .. 64

.. .. .. .. 78

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) 5.9 Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) .. Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) .. Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) .. Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) .. Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) .. Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) .. Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) 1,200 Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24) Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

98

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

59 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 11 .. .. 8 100 .. 56 42 .. .. .. ..

20

5.7 105 24 10 25 78 39 1,000

81 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

75 55 .. .. .. ..

60 84 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 9 100 .. 56 78 45 61 48.1 52.8 .. .. .. .. .. ..

10


Guyana Latin America & Caribbean Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

0.76 2.5 3,270

Lower middle income Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

7.7

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24) Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24) Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

952 65 .. ..

59 ..

952 71 9 ..

91 80 5 89 ..

92 77 6 86 ..

102 104 104 103 11 11 109 109 .. ..

2.6 .. .. 38 .. .. .. 310

2.3 63 20 43 32 92 92 270

36 82 53 52 47 48 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 13 .. .. 31 75 23 58 .. .. 18.1 8.4 .. .. 38.3 20.8

37

The Little Data Book on Gender

65 9

45 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 13 70 .. 39 22 .. .. .. ..

81 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

74 53 .. .. .. ..

30

2011

99


Haiti Latin America & Caribbean Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

Low income 10.0 6.5 650

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

54.9

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

952 56 .. ..

54 ..

952 63 36 44

60 33

47 .. 1 27 ..

49 .. 2 30 ..

.. .. .. .. 87

.. .. .. .. 75

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

5.4 .. .. 10 .. 71 23 670

3.4 44 30 32 38 85 26 300

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

57 81 21 17 77 81 .. .. 11.2 12.3 50 76 9 9 38 13 44 .. .. 12 100 .. 45 73 41 46 .. .. 13.8 11.9 .. .. 24.4 23.0

58 83 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 12 100 .. 52 78 55 58 29.6 37.3 .. .. .. .. .. ..

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

100

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

..

11


Honduras Latin America & Caribbean Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

7.6 14.3 1,880

Lower middle income Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

23.3

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%)

952 69 .. ..

64 ..

952 75 9 26

70 8

Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

108 36 8 61 ..

107 30 10 67 ..

116 72 22 93 95

116 57 15 87 93

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

5.1 .. .. 47 .. 88 45 210

3.2 90 39 65 17 92 67 110

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

41 88 49 50 51 50 50 48 6.3 11.3 6 65 23 15 71 20 33 59 .. 10 100 .. 39 84 29 71 .. .. 6.2 4.4 .. .. 8.6 10.5

40 80 46 48 54 52 52 49 11.1 12.1 10 48 22 22 68 30 34 .. .. 12 100 41 39 78 28 57 4.1 13.3 2.9 2.9 .. .. 11.2 5.2

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

10

The Little Data Book on Gender

18

2011

101


Hong Kong SAR, China High income Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

7.0 231.7 32,900

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%)

937 80 .. ..

75 ..

Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

104 77 16 .. ..

105 73 23 .. ..

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.3 .. .. 86 .. .. .. ..

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

47 95 5 4 2.0 1 33 66 41 .. 69 10 67 .. 47 53 .. 1.3 .. 3.3

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

102

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

..

937 86 .. ..

80 ..

105 103 83 81 58 56 93 92 .. ..

1.0 4 .. 80 .. .. 100 ..

80 85 15 7 0.2 1 39 60

78 55 .. 1.3 .. 3.6

52 69 94 85 6 16 5 10 1.0 0.1 0 0 4 19 96 80 49 .. 59 .. .. 29 50 65 37 33 .. .. 4.3 6.0 .. .. 10.3 15.1

..


Hungary High income Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

10.0 129.9 12,990

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

<2

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%)

943 74 .. ..

65 ..

Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

90 87 15 90 99

91 87 14 89 99

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.8 .. .. 81 .. .. .. 23

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24) Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

70 ..

99 100 98 99 72 53 95 95 99 99

1.3 15 .. .. .. .. 100 13

46 65 89 81 11 16 7 8 1.8 0.7 15 21 30 43 55 36 49 .. 70 24 100 .. 42 56 35 42 .. .. 8.7 11.0 19.8 20.9 15.0 22.0

21

The Little Data Book on Gender

943 78 .. ..

43 59 91 85 9 15 6 8 0.5 0.4 3 6 19 41 78 52 48 65 77 24 70 37 38 53 16 19 .. .. 9.7 10.3 42.8 42.4 24.2 28.2

9

2011

103


Iceland High income Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

0.32 10.8 33,870

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%)

962 78 .. ..

75 ..

950 83 .. ..

80 ..

Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

102 98 29 .. ..

101 101 22 .. ..

98 110 99 97 ..

98 107 51 99 ..

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

2.3 .. .. .. .. .. .. 8

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

74 88 12 9 3.0 5 18 77 53 82 .. 8 .. .. 72 64 .. 2.9 11.5 3.9

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

104

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

21

2.2 13 .. .. .. .. .. 5

84 73 27 17 2.1 14 33 52

82 66 .. 2.3 1.3 5.8

72 83 93 83 7 17 6 11 0.8 0.5 2 7 9 28 88 63 49 70 75 12 80 29 68 76 70 63 .. .. 5.7 8.6 6.7 7.0 12.0 19.9

43


India South Asia Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

Lower middle income 1,170.9 1,566.6 1,340

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

41.6

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

929 58 42 9

58 29

926 66 12 14

63 9

79 106 27 47 4 8 52 76 49 74

111 56 11 94 74

115 64 16 95 88

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

4.0 .. 54 43 17 49 34 570

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

34 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 13 .. .. 12 100 .. 33 28 .. 3.9 .. 8.0

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

2.7 82 47 54 13 75 53 230

84 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

81 63 .. 3.6 .. 8.4

5

The Little Data Book on Gender

33 81 11 18 89 82 89 81 38.2 13.1 71 49 14 21 15 30 18 .. .. 12 100 .. 31 78 22 57 4.2 4.2 5.1 4.1 .. .. 10.8 10.4

11

2011

105


Indonesia East Asia & Pacific Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

Lower middle income 232.5 599.1 2,580

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

18.7

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%)

952 63 35 13

60 36

Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

116 44 8 .. 95

121 52 12 .. 97

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

3.1 .. 34 50 14 76 32 620

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

50 .. .. .. .. 56 12 31 29 .. .. 12 100 .. 48 37 .. 2.7 .. 8.9

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

106

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

12

952 73 12 13

69 13

119 123 79 80 23 24 110 109 99 100

2.1 44 22 57 9 93 75 240

81 .. .. .. .. 56 15 30

79 55 .. 2.8 .. 9.0

52 86 32 34 68 66 67 62 32.4 8.1 39 40 15 21 46 39 32 .. .. 12 100 22 48 80 33 51 .. .. 8.5 7.5 .. .. 23.0 21.6

18


Iran, Islamic Rep. Middle East & North Africa Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

73.9 330.4 4,530

Upper middle income Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

<2

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

952 66 .. ..

64 ..

99 43 3 78 81

112 60 8 89 92

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

4.8 .. .. 49 .. .. .. 150

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

22 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 11 .. 76 12 67 .. 18 15 .. 24.4 .. ..

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

70 ..

102 103 81 85 38 35 101 101 99 99

1.8 28 .. 79 .. 98 97 30

80 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

72 49 .. 9.5 .. ..

2

The Little Data Book on Gender

952 73 .. ..

32 73 47 54 53 46 52 40 29.7 4.8 31 19 27 33 42 47 16 .. .. 13 67 16 27 67 23 42 .. .. 16.8 9.1 .. .. 33.9 20.2

3

2011

107


Iraq Middle East & North Africa Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

32.3 74.9 2,320

Lower middle income Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

4.0

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%)

939 72 .. ..

58 ..

939 72 7 11

65 6

Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

97 35 9 52 ..

115 54 14 63 ..

94 44 12 54 80

111 59 19 73 85

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

6.0 .. .. 14 .. .. 54 93

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

11 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 8 100 .. 8 3 .. .. .. ..

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

108

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

11

3.9 93 17 50 .. 84 80 75

73 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

60 38 .. .. .. ..

14 69 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 51 17 4 22 46 61 12 .. .. 9 100 .. 10 58 3 31 11.3 17.9 22.5 16.2 .. .. .. ..

25


Ireland High income Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

4.5 182.5 40,990

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%)

935 77 .. ..

Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

103 102 104 95 26 29 103 103 .. ..

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24) Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

72 ..

2.1 .. .. .. .. .. .. 6

77 ..

105 104 121 115 66 55 97 96 .. ..

2.1 14 .. 65 .. .. .. 3

35 71 89 68 12 32 10 25 3.5 2.0 4 21 18 33 77 46 42 70 69 14 70 .. 30 60 35 40 .. .. 14.9 13.7 56.8 71.1 18.2 20.9

8

The Little Data Book on Gender

935 82 .. ..

54 73 93 74 8 26 5 18 0.9 0.7 1 8 9 31 89 60 49 77 .. 18 70 31 50 62 41 39 .. .. 8.0 14.7 21.7 32.1 17.3 30.9

15

2011

109


Isle of Man High income Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

0.08 4.0 49,300

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

.. 80 .. ..

74 ..

.. .. .. ..

.. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.8 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 3.3 .. 5.9

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

110

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. 4.7 .. 9.0

.. .. .. .. .. 1 4 95 .. .. 71 .. .. .. .. .. .. 2.0 .. 5.1

..

.. .. .. .. .. 3 24 73

.. .. .. 2.8 .. 9.5


Israel High income Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

7.6 207.2 27,340

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%)

949 78 .. ..

75 ..

950 84 .. ..

80 ..

Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

97 93 32 .. ..

94 88 33 .. ..

112 90 71 103 ..

110 88 54 101 ..

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

2.8 .. .. 68 .. .. 99 12

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24) Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

3.0 14 .. .. .. .. .. 7

42 64 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 2 5 15 36 82 58 43 .. .. 12 75 .. 37 58 26 32 .. .. 11.3 8.4 .. .. 23.4 21.0

7

The Little Data Book on Gender

52 63 92 83 8 17 5 9 0.3 0.1 1 3 10 30 89 67 49 73 .. 12 100 30 48 58 34 30 .. .. 7.6 7.6 25.0 32.3 13.9 15.7

19

2011

111


Italy High income Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

60.6 2,125.8 35,090

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%)

941 80 .. ..

74 ..

941 84 .. ..

Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

98 79 29 99 ..

98 79 30 99 ..

103 104 100 101 79 56 104 104 100 100

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.3 .. .. .. .. .. .. 10

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24) Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

112

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

35 66 76 70 24 31 24 29 7.4 2.2 9 9 23 37 68 55 36 71 .. 21 80 .. 30 62 28 39 .. .. 15.7 6.4 70.7 68.6 37.8 26.2

13

79 ..

1.4 6 .. .. .. .. .. 5

38 61 82 71 19 29 15 21 2.2 1.1 3 4 15 39 82 57 44 78 .. 20 80 33 35 56 18 28 .. .. 9.3 6.8 46.9 42.0 28.7 23.3

21


Jamaica Latin America & Caribbean Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

2.7 12.9 4,750

Upper middle income Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

<2

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%)

952 73 .. ..

69 ..

952 75 6 ..

69 5

Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

103 103 72 68 .. .. 98 92 .. ..

92 93 33 90 98

95 89 15 88 92

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

2.9 .. .. 55 .. 98 79 66

2.4 74 9 .. .. 91 95 89

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24) Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

65 80 61 52 38 47 37 46 4.5 2.1 16 36 12 25 72 39 47 .. .. 12 100 .. 52 73 29 51 .. .. 23.1 9.3 27.8 21.4 46.9 19.1

5

The Little Data Book on Gender

56 74 67 55 33 45 31 41 2.1 0.4 10 28 7 24 83 48 48 .. .. 12 100 59 48 67 24 37 8.3 11.3 14.8 8.5 .. .. 33.1 22.5

13

2011

113


Japan High income Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

127.4 5,369.1 42,150

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%)

947 82 .. ..

Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

99 99 97 95 23 35 101 100 .. ..

102 102 101 101 55 62 102 102 .. ..

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.5 .. .. 58 .. .. 100 12

1.4 5 .. 54 .. .. 100 6

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

50 77 72 81 27 19 26 15 16.7 2.5 9 6 27 39 64 55 38 .. 41 14 60 .. 50 76 43 42 .. .. 2.2 2.0 8.8 26.2 4.1 4.5

48 72 87 86 12 13 11 10 6.9 1.1 4 4 17 35 78 60 42 70 60 14 60 10 46 68 40 39 .. .. 4.7 5.3 18.8 34.8 8.0 10.1

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

114

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

1

76 ..

947 86 .. ..

11

80 ..


Jordan Middle East & North Africa Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

6.1 26.5 4,350

Upper middle income Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

<2

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%)

952 69 6 ..

65 6

952 75 7 11

71 3

Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

105 106 82 78 24 19 98 97 .. ..

97 90 43 99 99

97 87 39 99 99

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

5.5 .. 16 40 22 80 87 110

3.4 25 10 59 11 99 99 59

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24) Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

15 71 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 4 7 8 18 87 75 11 .. 57 6 50 .. 11 60 2 31 .. .. 30.0 18.1 .. .. .. ..

0

The Little Data Book on Gender

23 74 95 81 5 19 3 11 0.5 0.5 2 3 10 21 88 75 16 .. 61 10 100 .. 18 67 5 32 .. .. 24.1 10.3 .. .. 45.9 22.6

11

2011

115


Kazakhstan Europe & Central Asia Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

Upper middle income 16.3 121.4 7,440

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

<2

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%)

939 73 .. ..

Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

118 118 96 94 40 32 103 103 100 100

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

2.7 .. .. .. .. .. .. 78

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

62 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 56 41 .. .. .. ..

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

116

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

..

64 ..

939 74 4 ..

64 5

109a 97a 47a 108a 100

109a 100a 32a 107a 100

2.6 28 7 51 .. 100 100 45

78 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

72 50 .. .. .. ..

66 65 35 34 0.9 29 12 59 50 .. 70 18 .. 38 61 41 2.8 7.5 .. 8.2

18

76 68 33 30 0.6 31 26 43

72 47 4.4 5.6 .. 6.8


Kenya Sub-Saharan Africa Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

Low income 40.9 31.8 780

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

19.7

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

971 62 33 33

58 35

971 55 25 ..

54 27

99 102 36 45 1 2 .. .. .. ..

111 56 3 89 94

114 62 5 91 92

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

6.0 .. 32 27 36 77 50 380

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

75 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 21 .. 73 8 .. .. 67 58 .. .. .. ..

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

4.9 99 26 46 .. 92 44 530

90 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

81 68 .. .. .. ..

1

The Little Data Book on Gender

76 .. .. .. .. 68 2 30 .. .. .. 8 100 .. 69 57 .. .. .. ..

88 .. .. .. .. 55 11 35

80 64 .. .. .. ..

10

2011

117


Kiribati East Asia & Pacific Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

Lower middle income 0.10 0.20 2,010

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%)

55 ..

.. 63 .. ..

59 ..

Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

116 114 36 39 .. .. 102 100 .. ..

119 89 .. 118 ..

114 81 .. 118 ..

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

4.0 .. .. .. .. 88 72 ..

3.4 .. .. 22 .. .. 63 ..

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

0

118

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

.. 59 .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 39 .. .. 12 25 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

4

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. ..


Korea, Dem. Rep. East Asia & Pacific Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

Low income 24.0 .. ..

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

952 74 .. ..

67 ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

2.4 .. .. 62 .. .. .. 270

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

55 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 41 .. .. .. .. .. 54 43 .. .. .. ..

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

21

The Little Data Book on Gender

952 70 .. ..

65 ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 100 100

1.9 1 .. .. .. .. .. 250

80 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

77 53 .. .. .. ..

55 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 52 35 .. .. .. ..

78 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

72 43 .. .. .. ..

15

2011

119


Korea, Rep. High income Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

48.9 972.3 19,890

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%)

896 76 .. ..

Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

107 105 90 95 23 49 100 99 .. ..

103 105 95 99 82 117 101 102 .. ..

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.6 .. .. 79 .. .. 98 18

1.3 4 .. 80 .. .. .. 18

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

47 57 43 .. 24.5 20 30 50 38 59 50 .. .. .. 46 40 .. 1.8 0.9 5.5

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

120

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

2

67 ..

73 63 37 .. 2.5 16 39 45

72 33 .. 2.9 3.3 9.5

911 84 .. ..

77 ..

50 72 70 68 30 32 27 23 12.5 1.2 8 7 15 32 77 61 42 59 57 13 100 8 49 69 29 22 .. .. 3.0 4.1 0.3 0.6 8.5 11.9

16


Kosovo Europe & Central Asia Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

Lower middle income 1.8 6.0 3,300

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

.. 70 .. ..

66 ..

.. 72 .. ..

68 ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

3.9 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

..

The Little Data Book on Gender

2.3 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 56.4 40.7 79.8 82.8 .. ..

..

2011

121


Kuwait High income Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

2.9 117.0 43,920

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%)

971 77 .. ..

73 ..

971 80 .. ..

76 ..

Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

91 81 16 56 ..

92 85 9 58 ..

94 91 27 93 99

96 89 12 94 99

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

3.5 .. .. 35 .. .. .. 10

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

36 .. .. .. .. 0 2 98 .. .. .. 10 100 .. 36 21 .. 2.6 .. ..

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

122

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

..

2.2 14 .. .. .. .. .. 9

82 .. .. .. .. 2 33 65

81 38 .. 1.7 .. ..

45 83 100 97 1 3 0 3 0.0 0.0 0 4 2 27 97 69 .. .. .. 10 100 .. 44 81 21 36 .. .. 1.8 2.0 .. .. 10.0 11.8

8


Kyrgyz Republic Europe & Central Asia Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

Low income 5.4 4.7 880

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

<2

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%)

948 73 .. ..

Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

111 109 102 103 26 20 .. .. .. ..

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

3.7 .. .. .. .. .. .. 77

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

58 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 52 37 .. .. .. ..

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

64 ..

62 8

95 95 85 84 58 44 95 94 100 100

2.8 34 10 48 1 97 98 81

74 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

68 44 .. .. .. ..

..

The Little Data Book on Gender

944 72 4 ..

55 79 52 50 48 50 47 47 19.3 8.8 35 37 11 26 54 37 51 .. .. 18 100 35 50 73 31 51 4.6 5.8 9.4 7.3 .. .. 16.2 13.6

23

2011

123


Lao PDR East Asia & Pacific Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

Lower middle income 6.4 6.5 1,000

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

33.9

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

952 56 .. ..

53 ..

952 67 .. ..

64 ..

89 19 1 36 ..

112 28 2 46 ..

106 39 12 71 79

117 48 15 78 89

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) 6.0 Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) .. Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) .. Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) 19 Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) .. Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) .. Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) .. Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) 1,200 Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24) Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

124

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

80 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 12 100 .. 79 80 .. .. .. ..

6

3.4 35 .. 38 .. 35 20 580

83 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

81 64 .. .. .. ..

78 79 .. .. .. .. .. .. 64.2 26.4 .. .. .. .. .. .. 50 .. .. 12 70 .. 77 78 70 54 .. .. 1.4 1.3 .. .. .. ..

25


Latvia Europe & Central Asia Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

Upper middle income 2.2 26.1 11,620

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

<2

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%)

953 75 .. ..

Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

98 91 93 92 29 20 .. .. 100 100

97 100 93 92 87 48 90 96 100 100

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

2.0 .. .. .. .. .. .. 57

1.3 16 .. .. .. .. 100 20

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

63 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 52 .. .. .. .. .. 54 40 .. .. .. ..

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

64 ..

77 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

65 45 .. .. .. ..

..

The Little Data Book on Gender

957 78 .. ..

68 ..

54 70 92 86 9 14 7 9 1.3 1.6 6 12 16 35 78 54 53 59 77 16 100 41 47 56 26 31 .. .. 14.0 20.4 26.0 27.1 27.9 38.3

20

2011

125


Lebanon Middle East & North Africa Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

4.3 38.4 9,020

Upper middle income Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%)

952 71 .. ..

66 ..

952 74 .. ..

Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

96 62 27 .. ..

99 59 29 .. ..

102 104 87 78 57 48 87 83 99 98

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

3.1 .. .. .. .. .. .. 52

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

20 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 5 100 .. 17 15 .. .. .. ..

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

126

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

0

70 ..

1.8 16 .. 58 .. 96 98 26

72 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

67 38 .. .. .. ..

22 72 82 56 18 44 16 32 5.9 4.0 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 7 100 .. 20 66 14 32 .. .. 10.1 8.6 .. .. 21.5 22.3

3


Lesotho Sub-Saharan Africa Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

Lower middle income 2.1 2.2 1,080

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

43.4

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%)

971 61 .. ..

57 ..

971 46 19 37

Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

119 29 1 75 ..

98 20 1 41 ..

104 105 52 38 4 3 79 59 98 86

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

4.9 .. .. 23 .. 91 50 370

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

68 83 38 62 23 18 48 33 25.9 15.2 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 39 60 29 49 .. .. 7.8 11.1 .. .. .. ..

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

3.3 68 23 47 31 92 62 530

..

The Little Data Book on Gender

45 22

71 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 12 0 52 48 34 .. .. .. ..

78 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

62 50 .. .. .. ..

24

2011

127


Liberia Sub-Saharan Africa Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

Low income 4.1 0.78 190

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

83.7

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

948 50 93 ..

47 89

948 60 64 30

57 62

.. .. 1 .. 54

.. .. 4 .. 66

86 .. .. 53 81

96 .. .. 63 70

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) 6.5 Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) .. Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) 48 Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) 6 Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) .. Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) 83 Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) 58 Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) 1,100 Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24) Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

128

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

65 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 62 57 .. .. .. ..

..

5.8 135 38 11 36 79 46 990

78 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

72 59 .. .. .. ..

67 76 8 25 92 73 90 71 56.2 38.9 49 47 1 4 13 17 .. .. .. .. .. .. 64 71 56 56 37.1 37.8 4.2 6.8 .. .. 3.7 5.7

13


Libya Middle East & North Africa Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

6.5 77.1 12,020

Upper middle income Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%)

947 70 .. ..

66 ..

Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

105 68 14 .. 96

112 79 17 .. 99

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

4.8 .. .. .. .. .. .. 100

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

15 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 7 50 .. 13 13 .. .. .. ..

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

72 ..

108 113 101 86 .. .. .. .. 100 100

2.6 3 .. .. .. .. .. 64

75 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

69 41 .. .. .. ..

..

The Little Data Book on Gender

944 77 .. ..

25 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 7 50 .. 21 13 .. .. .. ..

79 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

73 43 .. .. .. ..

8

2011

129


Liechtenstein High income Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

0.04 4.9 136,540

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%)

.. .. .. ..

.. ..

Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 8 80 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

130

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

4

.. 85 .. ..

81 ..

110 108 98 112 22 47 101 114 .. ..

1.7 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 39 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

24

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. ..


Lithuania Europe & Central Asia Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

Upper middle income 3.3 37.8 11,400

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

<2

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%)

949 76 .. ..

Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

89 95 83 86 27 39 .. .. 100 100

96 98 99 99 96 63 94 98 100 100

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

2.0 .. .. .. .. .. .. 34

1.5 18 .. .. .. .. 100 13

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

59 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 55 .. .. .. .. .. 50 34 .. .. .. ..

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

66 ..

74 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

62 38 .. .. .. ..

..

The Little Data Book on Gender

956 79 .. ..

68 ..

50 62 90 85 10 15 8 11 2.1 1.4 7 12 18 37 75 51 53 60 71 18 100 40 45 52 17 20 .. .. 10.4 17.1 26.8 21.0 21.7 35.2

19

2011

131


Luxembourg High income Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

0.51 40.3 79,510

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%)

941 79 .. ..

72 ..

941 83 .. ..

Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

94 70 1 .. ..

87 68 3 .. ..

101 100 98 95 11 9 85 83 .. ..

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.6 .. .. .. .. .. .. 6

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24) Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

132

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

34 68 90 89 11 11 9 8 4.1 0.5 3 3 8 42 89 55 .. 87 62 14 100 .. 35 68 48 54 .. .. 2.4 1.2 33.3 60.0 4.7 2.7

13

78 ..

1.6 9 .. .. .. .. .. 17

48 63 93 90 7 10 6 6 1.1 0.5 1 2 4 18 87 71 43 81 73 16 100 .. 45 61 21 25 .. .. 6.1 4.4 26.1 19.9 17.8 16.7

20


Macao SAR, China High income Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

0.55 21.3 39,520

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%)

952 79 .. ..

74 ..

952 83 .. ..

79 ..

Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

98 104 64 58 18 46 97 97 .. ..

97 102 90 94 60 66 95 102 100 100

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.8 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

1.0 4 .. .. .. .. 100 ..

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

45 .. .. .. .. 0 50 49 43 .. 67 .. .. .. 44 45 .. 4.0 .. 3.3

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

72 .. .. .. .. 0 37 63

70 46 .. 2.5 .. 4.0

..

The Little Data Book on Gender

64 95 5 3 1.4 0 12 88 48 48 48 .. .. .. 62 41 .. 2.8 .. 5.4

76 90 10 6 0.2 0 27 73

73 37 .. 4.3 .. 9.8

..

2011

133


Macedonia, FYR Europe & Central Asia Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

Upper middle income 2.1 9.3 4,520

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

<2

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%)

926 73 .. ..

69 ..

926 77 1 8

72 2

Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

100 76 19 .. 99

101 77 19 .. 99

89 82 44 92 99

89 84 37 91 99

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

2.1 .. .. .. .. .. .. 16

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

46 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 38 .. .. .. .. .. 31 16 .. .. .. ..

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

134

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

..

1.4 20 4 14 34 94 100 9

68 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

47 22 .. .. .. ..

43 75 25 22 16.6 20 28 52 42 47 .. .. .. 27 29 11 8.6 33.0 80.6 58.5

31

65 70 30 24 6.3 20 33 47

45 17 14.8 31.7 82.2 52.8


Madagascar Sub-Saharan Africa Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

Low income 20.1 8.8 440

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

67.8

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

984 52 82 22

50 85

99 104 18 19 3 4 38 36 .. ..

974 62 31 22

59 30

158 162 31 32 3 4 79 79 64 66

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

6.3 .. 37 17 32 78 57 710

4.6 130 39 40 24 86 44 440

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

83 89 11 15 87 84 87 83 41.6 24.3 .. .. .. .. .. .. 31 .. .. 14 50 .. 80 86 70 72 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

84 89 11 16 89 84 .. .. 73.0 32.1 81 80 2 6 17 15 38 .. .. 14 100 22 81 87 71 72 24.2 27.7 3.5 1.7 .. .. 2.8 1.7

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

7

The Little Data Book on Gender

13

2011

135


Malawi Sub-Saharan Africa Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

Low income 14.9 4.9 330

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

73.9

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

971 50 48 114 126 25

65 12 0 24 49

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

7.0 .. 55 13 36 90 55 910

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

76 4 96 96 0.4 .. .. .. 11 .. .. .. .. .. 69 50 .. .. .. ..

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

10

136

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

75 21 1 32 70

971 55 54 25

53 52

121 28 0 60 86

118 31 1 58 87

5.5 114 50 41 28 92 54 510

80 29 71 71 0.3 .. .. ..

75 45 .. .. .. ..

75 79 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 8 100 .. 68 74 48 44 39.4 41.3 10.0 5.4 .. .. .. ..

21


Malaysia East Asia & Pacific Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

Upper middle income 27.9 220.4 7,900

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

<2

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%)

943 72 .. ..

68 ..

943 77 .. ..

72 ..

Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

92 58 7 90 95

93 54 8 90 96

94 71 41 97 99

95 66 32 97 98

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

3.7 .. .. 50 .. .. .. 56

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

43 71 27 25 8.1 25 28 47 35 .. 50 8 100 .. 42 38 .. .. .. ..

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

2.5 12 .. .. .. 79 99 31

80 64 34 31 2.4 26 27 46

78 55 .. .. .. ..

5

The Little Data Book on Gender

44 79 79 72 21 28 20 23 8.1 2.6 9 17 23 32 68 51 39 .. .. 9 100 23 43 76 35 47 .. .. 3.7 3.2 .. .. 11.8 10.3

10

2011

137


Maldives South Asia

Upper middle income

Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

0.31 1.3 4,270

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

<2

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%)

934 60 .. ..

Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

125 126 52 50 .. .. .. .. 98 98

108 114 86 81 0 0 112 127 99 99

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

6.1 .. .. 29 .. .. 90 510

2.0 11 .. 35 28 100 97 37

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

30 37 58 57 6.6 14 39 43 16 .. .. .. .. .. 24 17 .. .. .. ..

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

138

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

6

61 ..

74 49 47 44 4.0 28 18 50

70 47 .. .. .. ..

942 74 5 35

70 5

57 77 45 61 54 29 47 20 22.9 7.9 7 14 32 20 56 62 30 .. .. .. .. .. 45 73 37 53 .. .. 23.8 7.9 .. .. 30.5 15.5

7


Mali Sub-Saharan Africa Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

Low income 15.4 9.1 600

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

51.4

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

952 43 174 ..

43 166

21 4 0 7 ..

35 9 1 12 ..

952 50 114 12

48 117

89a 105a 34a 49a 3 9 56a 72a 31 47

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) 6.7 Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) .. Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) 79 Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) 5 Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) .. Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) 31 Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) .. Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) 1,200

6.5 179 71 8 31 70 49 830

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

38 67 4 12 107 77 93 82 34.1 18.5 64 68 3 8 33 24 35 .. .. 14 100 .. 35 60 29 42 21.6 24.2 10.9 7.2 .. .. .. ..

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

37 68 2 5 26 33 98 94 72.0 61.5 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 14 100 .. 35 62 30 46 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

..

The Little Data Book on Gender

10

2011

139


Malta High income Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

0.42 7.6 18,350

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%)

943 78 .. ..

73 ..

943 82 .. ..

78 ..

Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

106 110 80 85 9 12 101 103 .. ..

99 99 38 99 99

98 101 26 102 97

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

2.1 .. .. 86 .. .. 98 14

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

23 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 28 .. .. 13 100 .. 21 52 .. .. .. ..

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

140

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

3

1.4 15 .. .. .. .. 100 8

73 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

68 57 .. .. .. ..

32 68 93 83 7 17 6 11 0.2 0.0 0 2 12 31 87 66 35 70 85 14 100 18 29 63 43 48 .. .. 6.8 7.0 36.0 50.2 15.4 17.6

9


Marshall Islands East Asia & Pacific Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

Lower middle income 0.06 0.19 2,990

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24) Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24) Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

.. 75 .. ..

70 ..

.. .. .. ..

.. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

90 80 .. 94 ..

91 76 .. 93 ..

5.9 .. .. 37 .. .. .. ..

4.5 .. 26 45 8 81 86 ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 13.2 12.2 .. .. .. ..

..

The Little Data Book on Gender

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. ..

3

2011

141


Mauritania Sub-Saharan Africa Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

Lower middle income 3.4 3.6 1,060

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

21.2

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

952 57 .. ..

54 ..

952 59 44 ..

55 53

41 9 1 22 ..

54 18 5 36 ..

108 23 2 66 64

101 26 5 63 71

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

5.9 .. .. 4 .. 48 40 780

4.4 76 35 9 25 75 61 550

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

53 82 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 14 100 .. 36 54 23 28 .. .. 35.8 21.9 .. .. .. ..

59 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 14 100 .. 41 21 .. .. .. ..

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

142

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

..

22

81 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

53 24 .. .. .. ..


Mauritius Sub-Saharan Africa Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

Upper middle income 1.3 9.9 7,740

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%)

960 73 .. ..

66 ..

Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

112 52 2 114 92

111 52 4 114 91

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

2.3 .. .. 75 .. .. 91 72

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

38 91 9 7 3.1 14 50 35 37 .. .. .. .. .. 32 26 .. 3.6 .. ..

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

69 ..

100 100 88 86 29 23 90 89 98 96

1.5 34 .. .. .. .. 99 36

81 82 18 13 1.5 18 40 42

75 55 .. 3.2 .. ..

7

The Little Data Book on Gender

960 76 .. ..

41 75 84 78 16 22 15 17 4.4 0.9 8 10 25 35 67 55 37 44 .. 12 100 15 36 72 26 38 .. .. 12.3 4.4 .. .. 26.2 18.1

19

2011

143


Mayotte Sub-Saharan Africa Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

Upper middle income 0.20 .. ..

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

971 79 .. ..

70 ..

971 80 .. ..

72 ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

5.4 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

..

144

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

3.0 101 .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. ..


Mexico Latin America & Caribbean Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

108.5 1,012.3 9,330

Upper middle income Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

3.4

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%)

952 74 17 ..

68 15

Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

111 54 12 92 95

116 55 15 91 96

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

3.4 .. 28 63 .. 78 69 93

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

34 80 16 15 1.2 3 21 70 37 55 50 12 100 .. 33 33 .. 4.2 .. 5.8

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

73 ..

116 117 93 87 28 28 104 104 98 99

2.1 69 23 73 .. 94 93 85

84 65 32 29 2.9 29 30 39

82 68 .. 2.5 .. 5.2

12

The Little Data Book on Gender

952 78 .. ..

43 81 65 66 35 34 32 27 9.7 4.8 4 19 18 30 77 50 39 65 70 12 100 27 41 76 30 54 7.6 16.5 4.8 5.4 2.1 1.8 10.6 9.7

26

2011

145


Micronesia, Fed. Sts. East Asia & Pacific Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

Lower middle income 0.11 0.30 2,700

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

31.2

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

935 67 .. ..

66 ..

935 70 .. ..

68 ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

111 86 .. .. ..

110 80 .. .. ..

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

5.0 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

..

146

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

3.5 23 .. 23 .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

0

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. ..


Moldova Europe & Central Asia Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

Lower middle income 3.6e 6.5e 1,810e

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

<2

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%)

943 71 .. ..

64 ..

943 72 4 34

65 7

Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

89 90 98 90 .. .. .. .. 100 100

93 90 45 91 100

94 88 32 94 99

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

2.4 .. .. .. .. .. .. 62

1.5 32 19 68 7 98 100 32

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

61 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 55 38 .. .. .. ..

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

74 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

64 38 .. .. .. ..

..

The Little Data Book on Gender

47 53 71 65 29 35 28 34 3.5 1.3 28 34 14 26 58 41 54 .. .. 18 100 39 44 49 17 18 .. .. 4.9 7.8 .. .. 14.9 15.8

19

2011

147


Monaco High income Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

0.03 6.5 197,460

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%)

.. .. .. ..

.. ..

Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

148

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

11

.. .. .. ..

.. ..

125 131 154 153 .. .. 131 133 .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

26

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. ..


Mongolia East Asia & Pacific Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

Lower middle income 2.7 5.1 1,890

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

22.4

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

971 63 .. ..

59 ..

971 70 10 29

64 11

98 88 .. .. ..

96 77 .. .. ..

110 95 64 92 97

110 89 41 94 95

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

4.2 .. .. 57 .. .. .. 130

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

63 .. .. .. .. 37 20 44 49 .. .. 14 .. .. 54 40 .. .. .. ..

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

25

The Little Data Book on Gender

2.0 20 4 55 14 100 99 65

77 .. .. .. .. 42 22 37

65 50 .. .. .. ..

68 78 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 34 39 16 21 51 40 51 .. 77 17 70 49 56 64 33 44 8.6 11.4 3.6 3.0 .. .. .. ..

4

2011

149


Montenegro Europe & Central Asia Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

Upper middle income 0.63 4.2 6,690

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

<2

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

926 78 .. ..

73 ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.9 .. .. .. .. .. .. 15

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 39 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

150

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

..

926 77 .. ..

72 ..

105a 107a 103a 102a .. .. .. .. .. ..

1.6 17 5 39 26 97 99 15

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. 85 77 15 23 .. .. 2.6 1.9 1 2 12 32 86 66 43 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 35.5 26.2 .. .. .. ..

11


Morocco Middle East & North Africa Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

32.4 94.1f 2,850 f

Lower middle income Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

2.5

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

947 66 24 16

62 21

944 74 11 17

69 9

54 31 8 42 46

81 44 14 61 71

103 51 12 77 72

112 60 14 84 87

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

4.0 .. 18 42 20 32 31 270

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

25 81 53 48 47 53 45 48 29.3 16.8 3 4 50 32 47 64 21 .. .. 12 100 .. 21 71 22 55 .. .. 20.4 14.2 .. .. 31.6 30.9

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

2.3 13 16 63 10 68 63 110

0

The Little Data Book on Gender

26 80 34 48 66 52 65 47 48.6 15.0 59 34 15 24 25 42 21 .. .. 14 100 12 24 73 18 50 .. .. 10.5 9.8 .. .. 19.4 22.8

11

2011

151


Mozambique Sub-Saharan Africa Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

Low income 23.4 10.3 440

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

60.0

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

971 45 .. ..

42 ..

971 49 .. ..

54 5 0 21 ..

72 9 1 32 ..

110a 122a 23a 28a 1 2 55a 66a 64 78

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) 6.2 Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) .. Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) .. Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) .. Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) .. Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) .. Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) .. Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) 1,000 Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24) Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

152

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

85 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 11 .. .. 8 100 .. 80 70 .. .. .. ..

16

47 ..

5.0 139 52 16 .. 89 55 550

88 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

82 64 .. .. .. ..

85 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 9 100 .. 79 68 .. .. .. ..

39

87 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

81 60 .. .. .. ..


Myanmar East Asia & Pacific Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

Low income 50.5 .. ..

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

971 61 .. ..

57 ..

971 64 .. ..

60 ..

92 20 5 .. ..

98 21 4 .. ..

115 54 12 100 95

117 53 9 98 96

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

3.4 .. .. 17 .. .. .. 420

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

71 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 41 .. .. .. .. .. 68 63 .. 8.8 .. ..

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

2.3 15 .. 41 .. 80 64 240

89 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

86 76 .. 4.7 .. ..

..

The Little Data Book on Gender

63 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 89 12 67 .. 61 34 .. .. .. ..

85 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

82 57 .. .. .. ..

4

2011

153


Namibia Sub-Saharan Africa Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

Upper middle income 2.2 10.3 4,650

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

49.1

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%)

971 64 34 31

60 30

971 62 19 44

61 24

Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

123 42 4 81 90

113 34 2 67 86

111 70 10 91 95

113 60 8 83 91

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

5.2 .. 12 29 22 87 68 180

3.3 66 9 55 7 95 81 180

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

48 64 43 65 55 33 54 32 31.5 14.5 52 45 8 21 40 34 .. .. .. 12 .. .. 38 53 21 27 .. .. 19.0 20.0 .. .. 33.8 29.6

52 63 80 82 33 24 28 17 1.1 0.9 8 23 9 24 83 53 41 .. .. 12 80 36 39 50 14 18 .. .. 43.0 32.5 .. .. 47.0 36.7

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

154

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

7

24


Nepal South Asia Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

Low income 29.9 14.5 490

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

55.1

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

952 54 .. ..

54 ..

952 68 18 23

66 21

82 136 19 44 2 7 41 70 33 68

.. 41 3 .. 77

.. 46 8 .. 87

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

5.2 .. .. 24 .. 15 7 870

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

52 .. .. .. .. 91 1 8 .. .. .. 7 100 .. 52 51 .. .. .. ..

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

2.8 97 51 48 25 44 19 380

85 .. .. .. .. 75 4 20

83 67 .. .. .. ..

6

The Little Data Book on Gender

63 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 7 100 14 62 55 .. .. .. ..

80 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

79 58 .. .. .. ..

33

2011

155


Netherlands High income Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

16.6 826.5 49,720

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%)

945 80 .. ..

Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

104 101 114 123 32 39 .. .. .. ..

106 108 120 122 65 58 .. .. .. ..

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.6 .. .. 76 .. .. .. 10

1.8 5 .. 69 .. .. .. 9

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24) Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

156

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

74 ..

43 70 87 88 13 12 12 7 5.1 0.3 3 5 11 35 84 59 38 70 75 16 100 .. 39 66 53 54 .. .. 10.9 5.6 44.6 55.2 8.5 7.7

21

945 83 .. ..

79 ..

60 73 90 84 11 16 9 11 0.7 0.2 2 3 7 25 85 63 48 75 82 16 100 27 57 70 69 69 .. .. 3.5 3.4 26.1 23.7 6.2 7.1

39


New Caledonia High income Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

0.25 .. ..

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%)

952 73 .. ..

68 ..

952 81 .. ..

72 ..

Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

.. .. .. .. 99

.. .. .. .. 99

.. .. .. .. 100

.. .. .. .. 99

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

3.2 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

47 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

2.2 20 .. .. .. .. .. ..

74 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. ..

..

The Little Data Book on Gender

44 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

70 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. ..

..

2011

157


New Zealand High income Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

4.4 125.4 29,050

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%)

945 78 .. ..

73 ..

948 82 .. ..

78 ..

Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

105 90 41 .. ..

107 90 38 .. ..

102 129 99 .. ..

101 124 68 .. ..

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

2.2 .. .. .. .. 95 95 18

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24) Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

158

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

54 74 87 75 13 25 10 15 1.9 0.7 8 13 14 33 78 54 44 77 74 14 0 .. 49 66 53 56 .. .. 7.3 8.1 16.1 25.6 13.2 14.8

14

2.1 26 .. .. .. .. .. 14

62 76 87 79 13 21 9 15 1.3 0.7 4 9 10 31 86 61 48 72 82 14 100 40 58 71 51 56 .. .. 6.1 6.1 6.4 6.3 17.2 16.0

34


Nicaragua Latin America & Caribbean Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

5.8 6.3 1,080

Lower middle income Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

15.8

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

952 67 .. ..

61 ..

952 77 .. ..

70 ..

90 41 8 55 ..

84 25 7 41 ..

116 72 .. 78 89

118 64 .. 71 85

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

4.8 .. .. 49 .. 72 .. 190

2.7 110 41 72 8 90 74 100

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

39 85 51 57 49 43 47 40 3.6 5.4 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 53 .. 12 60 .. 37 79 31 68 .. .. 14.7 9.0 .. .. 14.9 11.0

47 78 53 49 47 51 45 45 8.7 13.0 8 42 19 21 72 37 38 .. .. 12 60 41 45 73 31 59 3.9 16.2 5.1 4.9 .. .. 9.7 8.1

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

15

The Little Data Book on Gender

21

2011

159


Niger Sub-Saharan Africa Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

Low income 15.9 5.7 360

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

43.1

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

952 42 232 10

41 212

19 3 0 11 ..

32 9 2 20 ..

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) 7.9 Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) .. Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) 83 Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) 4 Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) 19 Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) 30 Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) 15 Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) 1,400 Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24) Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

160

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

27 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 14 50 .. 27 28 .. .. .. ..

5

952 53 51 135 138 19

60a 11a 1a 35a 23

73a 16a 2a 46a 52

7.1 202 75 11 16 46 33 820

91 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

86 74 .. .. .. ..

39 88 4 6 90 84 89 83 2.8 3.3 38 64 18 8 43 27 36 .. .. 14 50 .. 38 83 34 71 45.0 49.2 .. .. .. .. .. ..

13


Nigeria Sub-Saharan Africa Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

Lower middle income 158.3 186.4 1,180

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

64.4

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

944 46 102 14

43 118

944 49 93 ..

48 91

73 21 2 .. 62

95 28 5 .. 81

84 27 8 74 65

95 34 12 84 78

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) 6.6 Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) .. Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) 52 Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) 6 Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) 21 Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) 57 Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) 33 Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) 1,100 Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24) Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

5.6 116 39 15 .. 58 39 840

36 76 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 38 51 4 9 57 38 .. .. .. 12 50 .. 34 70 17 39 .. .. 4.4 3.7 .. .. 22.3 11.5

..

The Little Data Book on Gender

39 .. .. .. .. 39 11 48 21 .. .. 12 50 .. 37 17 .. .. .. ..

73 .. .. .. .. 49 12 37

69 36 .. .. .. ..

4

2011

161


Northern Mariana Islands High income Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

0.09 .. ..

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%)

.. .. .. ..

.. ..

.. .. .. ..

.. ..

Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

.. .. .. .. .. 0 40 58 44 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

162

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. 4 47 49

.. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 5.8 .. ..

..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. 7.3 .. ..


Norway High income Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

4.9 416.9 85,380

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%)

945 80 .. ..

Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

100 100 103 99 42 35 96 95 .. ..

99 99 109 112 92 56 99 100 .. ..

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.9 .. .. 74 .. .. 100 9

2.0 8 .. 88 .. .. .. 7

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

57 73 93 85 7 15 .. .. 2.6 1.6 4 8 11 35 85 56 47 83 86 18 100 .. 54 66 48 50 .. .. 4.8 5.6 22.5 19.0 11.0 12.4

63 71 95 89 5 11 4 8 0.3 0.2 1 4 7 32 92 64 49 71 89 47 90 33 61 68 55 51 .. .. 2.6 3.6 8.0 7.5 8.0 10.3

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

73 ..

36

The Little Data Book on Gender

947 83 .. ..

79 ..

40

2011

163


Oman High income Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

2.9 49.8 17,890

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%)

952 71 .. ..

68 ..

952 78 .. ..

75 ..

Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

79 33 4 62 ..

86 45 4 67 ..

83 89 .. 79 98

85 93 .. 80 98

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

6.6 .. .. 9 .. 88 87 49

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

19 91 6 .. .. 5 7 86 19 .. .. .. .. .. 16 14 .. .. .. ..

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

164

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

..

3.0 9 .. .. .. .. 99 20

80 85 14 .. .. 10 8 81

76 40 .. .. .. ..

25 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 22 .. .. .. .. 9 21 16 .. .. .. ..

0

77 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

72 40 .. .. .. ..


Pakistan South Asia Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

Lower middle income 173.4 182.5 1,050

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

22.6

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

952 61 37 7

60 22

952 67 22 10

67 14

32 12 2 .. ..

62 28 4 .. ..

77 29 5 54 61

92 37 6 68 79

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

6.1 .. 32 15 32 27 19 490

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

14 .. .. .. .. 72 14 14 8 .. .. 12 100 .. 12 11 .. 0.7 .. 1.3

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

3.9 30 24 27 25 61 39 260

85 .. .. .. .. 48 21 31

81 65 .. 2.8 .. 5.7

10

The Little Data Book on Gender

22 85 22 40 78 61 78 59 65.0 19.7 75 37 12 22 13 41 13 .. .. 12 100 3 20 81 17 68 .. .. 8.7 4.0 .. .. 10.5 7.0

22

2011

165


Palau East Asia & Pacific Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

Upper middle income 0.02 0.13 6,460

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

.. 75 .. ..

63 ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

2.8 .. .. .. .. .. 99 ..

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 40 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

166

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

..

.. 72 .. ..

66 ..

103 100 95 97 .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. 21 .. 100 100 ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

0

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. ..


Panama Latin America & Caribbean Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

3.5 24.5 6,990

Upper middle income Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

9.5

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%)

952 75 .. ..

Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

104 109 63 59 25 18 86 86 95 95

107 111 76 70 55 36 101 102 96 97

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

3.0 .. .. .. .. .. 86 86

2.5 80 .. .. .. .. 92 71

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24) Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

70 ..

39 79 80 53 20 47 19 44 3.3 7.7 3 38 11 16 87 46 43 45 .. 14 100 .. 30 69 20 47 .. .. 22.6 12.8 26.6 20.9 28.8 18.5

8

The Little Data Book on Gender

952 79 .. ..

73 ..

48 81 73 67 27 33 25 29 4.4 2.5 4 20 9 26 87 55 42 47 95 14 100 45 44 76 26 54 5.4 12.1 7.9 4.6 .. .. 21.1 11.7

9

2011

167


Papua New Guinea East Asia & Pacific Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

Lower middle income 6.9 8.9 1,300

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

35.8

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

926 58 .. ..

52 ..

926 64 .. ..

59 ..

59 8 1 43 ..

71 14 2 54 ..

50 .. .. .. 70

59 .. .. .. 65

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

4.8 .. .. .. .. .. .. 340

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

71 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 20 .. .. 6 0 .. 69 58 .. 5.9 .. ..

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

168

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

0

4.0 65 21 36 .. 79 53 250

74 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

72 57 .. 9.0 .. ..

72 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 6 0 .. 69 57 .. .. .. ..

1

74 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

73 56 .. .. .. ..


Paraguay Latin America & Caribbean Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

6.5 19.0 2,940

Lower middle income Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

5.1

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%)

952 70 12 17

66 10

952 74 .. ..

70 ..

Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

102 106 31 30 8 9 65 65 95 96

98 68 43 95 99

101 65 30 92 99

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

4.5 .. 24 48 15 84 66 130

3.0 70 18 79 .. 96 82 95

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

47 87 67 69 33 31 31 17 0.1 0.4 1 3 15 36 84 61 41 57 66 12 50 .. 44 82 34 69 .. .. 6.3 6.7 .. .. 16.5 15.0

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

6

The Little Data Book on Gender

57 87 49 51 51 49 48 42 11.0 10.4 19 31 10 25 71 44 40 .. .. 12 50 .. 52 82 38 67 7.7 22.6 7.5 4.4 .. .. 16.8 8.7

13

2011

169


Peru Latin America & Caribbean Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

29.5 139.0 4,710

Upper middle income Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

5.9

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%)

952 68 31 15

63 29

952 76 4 22

71 13

Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

116 65 .. .. 94

119 69 .. .. 97

109 89 36 101 97

109 89 33 101 98

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

3.8 .. 18 59 16 64 80 250

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

49 75 53 63 47 37 46 30 9.2 2.8 1 2 20 32 80 66 .. .. .. 12 100 .. 41 69 29 43 .. .. 11.5 6.5 .. .. 19.7 12.6

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

170

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

6

2.5 52 19 73 8 94 83 98

58 76 49 59 50 41 47 34 8.7 4.5 6 10 13 28 82 62 38 .. .. 13 100 28 54 70 39 41 39.5 44.8 8.3 5.4 .. .. 15.6 12.5

22


Philippines East Asia & Pacific Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

Lower middle income 93.6 192.2 2,050

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

22.6

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%)

943 68 25 14

63 28

943 74 9 19

70 10

Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

108 72 30 86 97

110 70 21 85 96

109 86 32 97 98

111 79 26 91 97

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

4.3 .. 14 36 26 83 53 180

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

48 83 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 31 53 13 16 56 31 40 .. 75 14 100 .. 42 76 31 53 .. .. 9.8 7.1 .. .. 19.2 13.1

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

3.0 51 14 51 22 91 62 94

9

The Little Data Book on Gender

49 79 51 53 49 47 46 42 17.4 9.0 24 42 10 18 66 40 42 .. 91 9 100 58 46 73 28 44 .. .. 7.4 7.5 .. .. 19.3 16.2

22

2011

171


Poland High income Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

38.2 474.0 12,420

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

<2

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%)

943 76 .. ..

Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

97 100 90 86 24 16 .. .. 100 100

97 97 99 99 84 59 95 95 100 100

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

2.0 .. .. 73 .. .. 99 17

1.4 14 .. .. .. .. 100 6

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24) Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

172

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

67 ..

55 72 71 69 29 31 28 28 7.8 5.5 24 24 21 41 55 35 47 .. .. 16 100 .. 47 62 27 36 .. .. 14.7 12.2 36.0 33.3 30.1 25.9

14

943 80 .. ..

72 ..

46 62 80 75 20 25 17 20 5.7 2.5 13 13 17 43 70 44 47 68 .. 16 100 35 42 57 24 31 .. .. 8.7 7.8 27.3 23.3 21.2 20.2

20


Portugal High income Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

10.6 232.6 21,860

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%)

943 77 .. ..

70 ..

Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

119 59 26 .. 99

124 59 20 .. 99

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.4 .. .. .. .. .. 98 15

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24) Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

76 ..

111 114 109 105 67 56 106 101 100 100

1.3 15 .. 87 .. .. .. 7

49 73 70 72 30 28 28 22 4.0 2.0 21 16 26 41 53 44 43 70 69 12 100 .. 48 71 45 60 .. .. 6.8 3.2 49.4 38.2 12.8 7.1

8

The Little Data Book on Gender

943 82 .. ..

56 69 79 74 21 26 18 18 1.1 0.6 12 11 16 39 72 50 48 68 69 17 100 33 51 63 29 36 .. .. 10.1 8.9 47.5 40.8 21.6 18.6

27

2011

173


Puerto Rico High income Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

4.0 .. ..

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%)

950 79 .. ..

71 ..

950 83 .. ..

75 ..

Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

.. .. .. .. 94

.. .. .. .. 92

91 86 95 .. 88

91 83 61 .. 87

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

2.2 .. .. .. .. .. .. 29

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24) Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

174

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

31 61 92 80 8 20 .. .. 2.1 0.3 0 6 21 27 79 68 47 .. .. .. .. .. 27 50 13 29 .. .. 11.0 17.6 .. .. 27.6 33.3

..

1.7 53 .. .. .. .. 100 18

36 58 92 80 8 20 .. .. 0.0 0.0 1 2 10 25 90 73 42 .. .. .. .. .. 31 48 21 27 .. .. 11.6 14.9 .. .. 22.0 28.6

..


Qatar High income Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

1.5 .. ..

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%)

947 72 .. ..

68 ..

Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

103 87 41 72 91

111 80 12 67 89

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

4.4 .. .. 32 .. 94 .. 15

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

40 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 8 100 .. 35 15 .. .. .. ..

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

75 ..

105 107 106 72 30 5 106 109 98 98

2.4 16 .. .. .. .. .. 8

94 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

94 68 .. .. .. ..

..

The Little Data Book on Gender

961 77 .. ..

50 100 0 0 0.0 0 5 95 13 .. 142 7 100 .. 48 28 .. 2.6 .. 7.5

93 99 1 1 0.0 3 58 39

93 72 .. 0.2 .. 0.7

0

2011

175


Romania Europe & Central Asia Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

Upper middle income 21.4 168.2 7,840

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

<2

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%)

943 73 .. ..

Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

95 96 100 103 8 9 96 96 99 99

99 100 93 94 77 58 96 96 98 97

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.8 .. .. 57 .. .. 99 170

1.4 31 .. 70 .. 94 99 27

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24) Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

176

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

67 ..

60 73 68 81 32 19 33 21 5.6 3.5 34 25 37 49 29 26 42 60 .. 16 .. .. 56 68 33 41 .. .. 8.7 7.7 51.0 39.6 23.4 21.5

34

941 77 .. ..

70 ..

45 60 68 67 33 33 32 31 19.2 6.1 31 28 22 37 47 36 46 49 74 18 85 30 43 55 19 27 .. .. 5.8 7.7 30.6 32.2 20.2 21.2

11


Russian Federation Europe & Central Asia Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

Upper middle income 141.8 1,404.2 9,910

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

<2

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%)

947 74 .. ..

Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

107 107 96 94 58 47 93 92 100 100

97 97 84 86 89 66 .. .. 100 100

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.9 .. .. 63 .. .. .. 74

1.6 27 .. 80 .. .. 100 39

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24) Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

64 ..

60 76 94 90 6 10 1 1 0.1 0.1 .. .. .. .. .. .. 51 67 .. 20 100 .. 52 65 34 36 .. .. 5.2 5.2 14.5 9.9 12.9 13.0

..

The Little Data Book on Gender

944 75 .. ..

63 ..

58 69 93 92 7 8 5 6 0.1 0.1 7 11 19 38 74 51 51 62 .. 20 100 39 53 64 31 36 .. .. 7.9 8.4 38.4 33.3 19.1 17.7

14

2011

177


Rwanda Sub-Saharan Africa Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

Low income 10.3 5.5 540

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

76.8

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

990 35 73 21

31 87

990 52 55 34

76 16 0 48 75

77 19 1 50 75

151 150 26 27 4 6 56 52 77 77

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) 6.8 Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) .. Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) 15 Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) 21 Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) 39 Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) 94 Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) 26 Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) 1,100 Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24) Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

178

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

87 .. .. .. .. 96 1 3 .. .. .. 12 33 .. 86 79 .. 0.2 .. 0.7

17

49 69

5.3 37 13 36 38 96 52 540

89 .. .. .. .. 83 5 11

88 79 .. 0.6 .. 1.4

87 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 12 67 .. 86 77 7.0 .. .. ..

56

85 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

84 72 8.0 .. .. ..


Samoa East Asia & Pacific Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

Lower middle income 0.18 0.52 2,930

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%)

926 68 .. ..

62 ..

926 75 .. ..

69 ..

Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

117 .. .. .. 99

115 .. .. .. 99

99 81 .. 90 100

101 72 .. 97 99

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

4.8 .. .. .. .. .. 76 ..

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

40 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

3.9 27 .. 29 .. .. 100 ..

76 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. ..

0

The Little Data Book on Gender

38 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

75 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. ..

4

2011

179


San Marino High income Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

0.03 1.6 50,670

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%)

.. .. .. ..

.. ..

.. 86 .. ..

80 ..

Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

94 97 .. 93 ..

92 94 .. 90 ..

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

.. .. .. .. .. 3 32 66 40 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 9.0 .. ..

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

12

180

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

1.5 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. 2 52 46

.. .. .. 2.0 .. ..

.. 93 7 .. 0.0 0 21 79 42 .. .. 20 100 .. .. .. .. 4.5 .. ..

17

.. 89 11 .. 0.0 0 48 52

.. .. .. 1.2 .. ..


São Tomé and Príncipe Sub-Saharan Africa Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

Lower middle income 0.17 0.20 1,200

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

28.6

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%)

971 64 .. ..

61 ..

Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

130 33 .. 69 92

142 36 .. 76 96

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

5.4 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

37 69 30 30 0.7 35 3 59 32 .. .. 10 100 .. .. .. .. .. .. 13.5

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

64 ..

130a 131a 52a 50a 4a 4a 89a 81a 96 95

3.7 62 33 38 .. 98 82 ..

78 72 26 26 0.8 42 19 36

.. .. .. .. .. 5.8

12

The Little Data Book on Gender

971 68 .. ..

45 76 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 10 100 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 24.5 11.0 .. .. .. ..

18

2011

181


Saudi Arabia High income Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

26.0 436.6 17,200

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%)

971 70 .. ..

66 ..

Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

.. .. 10 .. 81

.. .. 11 .. 94

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

5.8 .. .. .. .. .. .. 41

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

15 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 10 50 .. 13 4 .. .. .. ..

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

182

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

..

971 74 4 ..

73 3

97 101 90 104 36 29 89 87 97 99

3.0 16 .. 24 .. .. 96 24

80 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

76 39 .. .. .. ..

21 80 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 0 5 2 23 98 72 15 .. .. 10 75 9 18 76 5 36 .. .. 15.9 3.5 .. .. 45.8 23.6

0


Senegal Sub-Saharan Africa Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

Lower middle income 12.9 13.5 1,050

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

33.5

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

967 53 80 16

51 96

967 57 39 20

54 43

46 10 .. 32 28

64 20 .. 51 49

85 27 6 57 56

82 34 10 56 74

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

6.7 .. 48 7 29 74 47 750

4.7 99 39 12 32 94 52 410

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

62 90 8 14 91 78 91 77 32.4 25.3 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 14 100 .. 57 78 49 70 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

65 89 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 33 34 5 20 42 33 .. .. .. 14 100 .. 60 76 48 67 12.6 24.4 13.6 7.9 .. .. 20.1 11.9

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

13

The Little Data Book on Gender

23

2011

183


Serbia Europe & Central Asia Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

Upper middle income 7.3 42.4 5,820

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

<2

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

926 74 .. ..

69 ..

926 76 3 29

71 4

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

97 93 56 96 ..

98 90 44 97 ..

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.8 .. .. .. .. .. .. 13

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 39 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

184

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

..

1.4 21 6 41 29 98 99 8

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. 68 65 32 35 29 30 15.6 4.1 23 25 16 32 61 43 44 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 6.6 7.2 18.4 15.3 72.1 70.1 41.3 31.0

22


Seychelles Sub-Saharan Africa Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

Upper middle income 0.09 0.84 9,490

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

<2

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%)

.. 74 .. ..

67 ..

Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

.. .. .. .. 98

.. .. .. .. 97

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

2.8 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24) Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

68 ..

107 105 108 103 .. .. 104 106 99 99

2.3 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. 86 79 6 15 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 49 .. .. 14 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 12.5 8.6 .. .. 28.1 18.0

16

The Little Data Book on Gender

.. 79 .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 14 .. .. .. .. .. 4.9 .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. 6.1 .. ..

24

2011

185


Sierra Leone Sub-Saharan Africa Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

Low income 5.8 2.0 340

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

53.4

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

982 42 .. ..

38 ..

982 49 61 ..

47 67

41 11 .. .. ..

62 22 .. .. ..

.. .. .. 75 48

.. .. .. 101 68

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) 5.5 Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) .. Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) .. Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) 3 Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) .. Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) .. Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) .. Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) 1,300 Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24) Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

186

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

66 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 64 47 .. .. .. ..

..

5.2 128 48 8 .. 87 42 970

68 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

65 35 .. .. .. ..

65 68 4 11 96 89 .. .. 21.6 14.8 71 66 3 10 26 23 23 .. .. .. .. .. 64 64 47 35 14.9 14.9 2.3 4.5 .. .. 3.5 7.3

13


Singapore High income Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

5.1 210.3 40,920

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%)

932 77 .. ..

72 ..

932 84 .. ..

Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

.. .. .. .. 99

.. .. .. .. 99

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 100 100

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.9 .. .. 65 .. .. .. 6

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

51 92 8 6 2.1 0 34 66 43 .. 55 8 100 .. 50 55 .. 1.8 .. 2.9

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

1.2 6 .. .. .. .. 100 9

79 83 17 10 0.4 1 40 59

79 57 .. 2.0 .. 2.8

5

The Little Data Book on Gender

79 ..

54 3 97 7 1.0 1 17 83 46 .. 65 8 100 31 50 31 .. 6.5 .. 16.6

76 7 94 12 0.3 2 26 73

72 34 .. 5.4 .. 9.8

22

2011

187


Sint Maarten (Dutch part) High income Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

0.04 .. ..

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%)

.. .. .. ..

.. ..

.. .. .. ..

.. ..

Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

..

188

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. ..


Slovak Republic High income Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

5.4 88.1 16,220

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

<2

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%)

952 75 .. ..

67 ..

Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

100 90 16 96 ..

101 86 16 95 ..

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

2.1 .. .. 74 .. .. .. 15

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24) Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

71 ..

102 102 92 92 69 43 98 97 .. ..

1.4 19 .. .. .. .. 100 6

59 72 97 91 3 9 3 6 0.2 0.0 7 13 29 48 64 39 47 72 .. .. .. .. 52 65 45 47 .. .. 11.8 12.5 43.5 41.7 26.5 28.0

..

The Little Data Book on Gender

952 79 .. ..

51 69 90 80 10 20 8 16 0.3 0.1 2 5 22 50 76 45 48 59 .. 28 55 28 45 61 21 27 .. .. 12.9 11.4 54.4 47.8 26.5 27.9

16

2011

189


Slovenia High income Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

2.1 49.3 23,860

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

<2

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%)

949 77 .. ..

Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

96 96 92 88 27 22 .. .. 100 100

98 99 97 97 104 72 96 96 100 100

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.5 .. .. .. .. 98 100 11

1.5 5 .. .. .. .. 100 18

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

47 59 88 82 12 18 10 14 4.6 2.0 10 11 36 52 54 37 48 53 .. .. .. .. 44 57 27 30 .. .. 6.0 8.1 50.0 57.1 19.1 25.1

53 65 87 81 13 19 11 14 6.9 4.3 9 9 22 43 69 48 47 57 .. 15 100 33 50 62 30 40 .. .. 5.8 5.9 32.1 28.3 13.4 13.8

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

190

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

..

69 ..

949 82 .. ..

14

76 ..


Solomon Islands East Asia & Pacific Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

Lower middle income 0.54 0.55 1,030

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

917 57 .. ..

56 ..

917 68 .. ..

66 ..

80 11 .. 46 ..

93 17 .. 58 ..

106 32 .. .. ..

109 38 .. .. ..

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

5.9 .. .. .. .. .. 85 130

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

24 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 12 25 .. 22 21 .. .. .. ..

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

3.8 68 22 35 11 74 70 100

47 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

45 33 .. .. .. ..

0

The Little Data Book on Gender

24 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 12 25 .. 23 23 .. .. .. ..

50 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

48 36 .. .. .. ..

0

2011

191


Somalia Sub-Saharan Africa Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

Low income 9.4 .. ..

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

971 46 .. ..

43 ..

971 52 54 ..

49 53

9 7 1 .. ..

18 13 4 .. ..

23 5 .. .. ..

42 11 .. .. ..

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) 6.6 Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) .. Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) .. Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) 1 Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) .. Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) .. Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) .. Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) 1,100 Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24) Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

192

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

58 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 22 .. .. 14 50 .. 55 46 .. .. .. ..

4

6.4 69 45 15 26 26 33 1,200

84 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

78 63 .. .. .. ..

57 85 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 14 50 .. 53 79 46 62 41.5 45.5 .. .. .. .. .. ..

7


South Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

Upper middle income 50.0 304.6 6,100

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

17.4

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%)

971 65 .. ..

58 ..

Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

106 71 11 80 ..

107 61 13 72 ..

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

3.7 .. .. 57 .. .. .. 230

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

36 62 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 26 48 12 19 .. .. 23.5 17.2 .. .. .. ..

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

50 ..

99 103 96 92 .. .. 94 93 98 97

2.5 56 .. 60 .. .. .. 410

3

The Little Data Book on Gender

971 53 .. ..

47 63 85 84 15 16 12 8 1.4 0.4 4 6 13 35 83 59 44 .. .. 16 60 .. 35 49 13 19 .. .. 25.9 22.0 .. .. 52.5 44.6

45

2011

193


Spain High income Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

46.2 1,462.9 31,650

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%)

940 81 .. ..

Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

106 108 105 99 37 34 103 104 100 100

107 108 124 118 82 66 103 103 100 100

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.3 .. .. .. .. .. .. 7

1.4 12 .. 66 .. .. .. 6

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24) Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

194

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

73 ..

34 67 73 74 27 26 25 21 10.5 3.0 10 13 17 41 73 47 32 79 .. 16 75 .. 26 59 25 39 .. .. 24.5 11.6 61.5 45.6 39.7 23.2

15

940 85 .. ..

79 ..

49 69 87 80 13 20 9 13 1.2 0.7 3 6 10 36 88 59 45 79 .. 16 100 32 40 56 28 32 .. .. 18.4 17.7 34.4 26.9 36.4 39.1

37


Sri Lanka South Asia Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

Lower middle income 20.5 46.7 2,290

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

7.0

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%)

962 73 10 ..

66 10

962 78 .. ..

71 ..

Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

109 74 2 98 ..

114 69 4 98 ..

97 88 .. 98 99

97 86 .. 97 97

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

2.5 .. 14 66 .. 80 94 91

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

37 66 34 34 18.7 43 22 32 .. .. 90 12 100 .. 28 16 .. 21.6 .. ..

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

2.3 23 12 68 .. 99 99 39

79 58 42 40 6.7 37 19 38

70 40 .. 9.7 .. ..

5

The Little Data Book on Gender

34 75 55 59 45 41 44 38 22.3 4.5 37 30 25 25 27 27 31 .. 93 12 100 21 31 72 21 45 .. .. 8.1 7.2 .. .. 27.9 17.1

6

2011

195


St. Kitts and Nevis Latin America & Caribbean Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

0.05 0.50 9,980

Upper middle income Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%)

.. 69 .. ..

65 ..

.. .. .. ..

.. ..

Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

106 87 7 105 ..

110 85 6 132 ..

97 100 25 97 ..

95 93 12 94 ..

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

2.7 .. .. .. .. 100 .. ..

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

.. 84 14 12 1.3 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

196

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

7

.. .. .. 54 .. 100 100 ..

.. 81 17 12 0.7 .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 13 60 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

7

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. ..


St. Lucia Latin America & Caribbean Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

0.17 0.86 4,970

Upper middle income Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

20.9

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%)

971 73 .. ..

69 ..

971 76 .. ..

70 ..

Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

136 143 60 40 3 3 123 124 .. ..

95 97 23 93 ..

98 95 9 99 ..

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

3.3 .. .. 47 .. 100 .. ..

2.0 59 .. .. .. 99 100 ..

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

41 74 74 57 25 39 21 25 4.1 1.7 15 30 19 24 64 43 52 .. .. 13 60 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 7.0 6.6 .. .. 15.2 14.6

51 76 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 10 19 10 21 73 49 48 .. .. 12 65 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 25.0 17.5 .. .. 45.5 37.1

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

0

The Little Data Book on Gender

11

2011

197


St. Martin (French part) High income Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

0.03

Population living below $1.25 a day (%) 1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%)

.. .. .. ..

.. ..

.. .. .. ..

.. ..

Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

..

198

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. ..


St. Vincent & Grenadines Latin America & Caribbean Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

0.11 0.53 4,850

Upper middle income Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%)

971 72 .. ..

67 ..

971 74 .. ..

70 ..

Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

113 67 9 .. ..

114 54 4 .. ..

103 111 .. 105 ..

111 107 .. 114 ..

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

3.0 .. .. 58 .. .. .. ..

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24) Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

2.1 57 .. 48 .. 100 99 ..

44 81 79 71 21 29 17 22 2.7 2.1 14 31 11 27 75 42 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 21.4 18.3 .. .. 43.2 31.9

10

The Little Data Book on Gender

56 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 13 65 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

79 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. ..

17

2011

199


Sudan Sub-Saharan Africa Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

Lower middle income 43.6 55.3 1,270

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

949 54 63 ..

51 62

949 60 30 19

57 38

41 18 2 .. ..

53 22 3 .. ..

70 36 .. 47 83

78 40 .. 53 89

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

6.0 .. 27 9 .. 70 69 830

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

27 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 22 .. .. .. .. .. 23 17 .. .. .. ..

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

200

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

..

4.1 58 34 8 6 64 49 750

79 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

72 48 .. .. .. ..

31 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 8 100 .. 26 18 .. .. .. ..

26

74 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

69 33 .. .. .. ..


Suriname Latin America & Caribbean Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

0.52 3.1 5,920

Upper middle income Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

15.5

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%)

926 71 .. ..

64 ..

926 73 .. ..

66 ..

Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

120 64 11 94 ..

110 50 9 79 ..

111 85 .. 95 99

116 66 .. 81 99

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24) Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

2.7 .. .. 48 .. .. 91 84

2.4 38 19 46 .. 90 90 100

36 68 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 2 5 8 27 87 65 41 68 .. .. .. .. 29 60 14 33 .. .. 20.1 12.6 .. .. 46.5 29.0

8

The Little Data Book on Gender

39 .. .. .. .. 5 8 82 38 .. .. .. .. .. 31 8 .. 13.7 .. ..

66 .. .. .. .. 10 31 55

60 27 .. 7.0 .. ..

10

2011

201


Swaziland Sub-Saharan Africa Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

Lower middle income 1.2 3.1 2,600

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

62.9

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

971 63 .. ..

58 ..

971 46 30 48

47 32

94 .. 3 66 84

94 .. 5 59 83

104 50 4 69 95

112 56 4 75 92

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

5.7 .. .. 20 .. .. 56 260

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

45 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 35 .. 73 12 0 .. 34 29 .. .. .. ..

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

202

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

4

3.5 77 5 51 24 85 69 420

81 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

65 40 .. .. .. ..

53 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 12 0 .. 40 26 .. .. .. ..

14

75 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

60 35 .. .. .. ..


Sweden High income Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

9.4 469.0 49,930

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%)

944 80 .. ..

75 ..

944 83 .. ..

Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

100 92 33 96 ..

99 88 28 97 ..

96 97 102 103 88 56 95 94 .. ..

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

2.1 .. .. .. .. .. 100 7

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

63 72 95 87 5 13 .. .. 0.5 0.2 2 5 14 43 84 52 51 81 89 12 90 .. 61 69 60 59 .. .. 1.8 1.9 11.8 12.3 4.5 4.8

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

1.9 6 .. .. .. .. .. 5

38

The Little Data Book on Gender

79 ..

61 69 94 85 6 15 5 9 0.2 0.2 1 3 8 31 91 65 50 64 90 14 80 32 56 63 40 39 .. .. 8.0 8.6 12.4 13.1 23.7 26.3

45

2011

203


Switzerland High income Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

7.8 548.0 70,350

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%)

951 81 .. ..

74 ..

Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

89 94 18 52 ..

88 101 34 52 ..

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.6 .. .. .. .. .. .. 8

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24) Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

204

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

57 81 86 84 14 16 11 8 6.4 1.7 4 5 18 41 78 54 43 82 68 8 100 .. 56 81 69 69 .. .. 2.6 1.7 17.8 15.9 3.2 3.1

14

951 84 .. ..

80 ..

103 104 94 98 52 51 98 94 .. ..

1.5 4 .. .. .. .. 100 10

61 74 87 83 13 17 10 9 2.7 1.7 2 4 10 30 81 61 48 81 77 14 80 31 58 71 60 63 .. .. 4.5 3.7 33.6 26.4 8.7 7.7

29


Syrian Arab Republic Middle East & North Africa Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

21.6 57.0 2,640

Lower middle income Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

<2

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

952 70 .. ..

95 106 43 59 14 22 83 94 .. ..

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

5.5 .. .. 40 .. 51 77 120

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

18 .. .. .. .. 54 8 38 15 .. .. 7 70 .. 16 16 .. 14.0 .. ..

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

66 ..

73 5

120 125 74 75 .. .. 111 113 93 96

3.1 40 13 58 11 84 93 46

81 .. .. .. .. 23 28 49

78 60 .. 5.2 .. ..

9

The Little Data Book on Gender

952 76 3 ..

21 80 69 52 31 49 29 39 19.0 7.4 26 18 8 32 66 50 16 .. .. 7 70 15 16 76 12 54 4.3 8.8 25.7 5.2 .. .. 49.1 13.1

12

2011

205


Tajikistan Europe & Central Asia Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

Low income 7.1 5.5 780

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

21.5

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%)

952 66 .. ..

Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

90 92 .. .. .. .. .. .. 100 100

100 104 78 90 12 28 93 97 100 100

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

5.2 .. .. .. .. .. .. 120

3.4 27 13 37 24 80 88 64

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

59 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 37 .. .. .. .. .. 50 46 .. .. .. ..

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

206

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

..

60 ..

80 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

69 54 .. .. .. ..

952 70 13 ..

57 .. .. .. .. 75 5 20 37 .. .. 20 .. .. 50 43 9.1 .. .. ..

19

64 18

78 .. .. .. .. 42 27 31

68 55 8.7 .. .. ..


Tanzania Sub-Saharan Africa Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

Low income 45.0 23.4g 530g

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

67.9

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

971 53 57 19

49 63

971 57 52 25

69 4 0 47 78

70 6 1 48 86

105 105 24 31 1 2 102 102 76 78

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

6.2 .. 37 10 28 62 53 880

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

87 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 72 62 .. 4.3 .. ..

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

5.5 130 38 34a 22 76 43 790

91 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

78 63 .. 2.8 .. ..

..

The Little Data Book on Gender

56 56

86 91 6 15 94 85 93 82 13.0 9.7 78 71 3 7 19 22 31 .. .. 12 100 49 76 81 69 70 27.1 35.0 5.8 2.8 .. .. 10.1 7.4

36

2011

207


Thailand East Asia & Pacific Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

Upper middle income 68.1 286.7 4,210

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

10.8

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%)

950 73 12 ..

66 11

Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

100 30 21 .. ..

102 28 18 .. ..

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

2.1 .. 21 74 .. .. 69 50

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24) Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

208

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

75 87 26 31 74 69 74 67 56.1 27.0 65 63 12 16 23 21 42 .. 64 12 100 .. 71 84 67 72 .. .. 2.4 2.0 .. .. 4.2 4.3

3

941 72 .. 30

90 80a 51a .. 98

66 ..

92 74a 39a .. 98

1.8 41 20 72 .. 98 97 48

66 81 43 46 57 54 55 50 28.5 13.6 39 44 18 21 43 35 45 .. .. 13 100 29 65 80 38 55 14.4 15.7 1.1 1.2 .. .. 5.1 3.7

13


Timor-Leste East Asia & Pacific Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

Lower middle income 1.1 2.5 2,220

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

37.4

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

952 47 .. ..

45 ..

952 63 .. ..

61 ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

109 55 13 79 ..

116 55 18 80 ..

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

5.3 .. .. 25 .. .. .. 650

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

58 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 55 49 .. .. .. ..

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

6.4 60 .. 22a .. .. .. 370

82 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

79 58 .. .. .. ..

..

The Little Data Book on Gender

59 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 56 54 .. .. .. ..

83 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

80 65 .. .. .. ..

29

2011

209


Togo Sub-Saharan Africa Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

Low income 6.8 3.0 440

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

38.7

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

982 60 90 ..

56 75

982 65 43 ..

61 55

70 109 11 31 1 4 22 48 .. ..

111 28 .. 52 68

119 54 .. 71 85

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

6.3 .. 44 34 .. 43 31 650

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

56 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 41 .. .. .. .. .. 53 47 .. .. .. ..

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

210

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

5

4.2 61 24 17 41 84 62 350

87 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

81 65 .. .. .. ..

64 86 6 17 94 83 .. .. 28.4 23.1 48 61 4 10 46 29 .. .. .. 14 100 .. 60 80 46 61 37.4 39.8 .. .. .. .. .. ..

11


Tonga East Asia & Pacific Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

Lower middle income 0.10 0.35 3,380

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%)

952 71 .. ..

68 ..

952 75 .. ..

69 ..

Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

108 110 97 97 .. .. 119 136 .. ..

110 105 8 108 100

113 101 5 102 99

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

4.6 .. .. .. .. .. 92 ..

3.9 21 .. 24 .. .. 98 ..

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

42 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

76 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. ..

0

The Little Data Book on Gender

55 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

75 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. ..

4

2011

211


Trinidad and Tobago High income Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

1.3 20.7 15,380

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

4.2

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%)

963 73 3 ..

65 3

963 73 8 ..

Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

96 86 6 105 99

94 84 7 99 99

102 106 92 86 13 10 93 93 100 100

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

2.4 .. 34 53 .. 98 98 86

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24) Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

212

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

39 76 77 73 23 26 21 22 6.5 2.5 6 15 14 34 80 51 36 38 .. 13 60 .. 34 56 23 44 .. .. 24.2 17.9 36.1 20.2 42.5 33.1

17

66 5

1.6 33 8 43 27 96 98 55

55 83 16 13 1.7 2 15 82 44 .. .. 13 100 43 51 41 .. 6.2 .. 12.9

29

78 76 23 17 0.3 5 44 51

75 55 .. 3.5 .. 8.8


Tunisia Middle East & North Africa Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

10.5 42.8 4,070

Upper middle income Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

2.6

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%)

952 72 19 ..

69 19

Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

105 38 6 75 ..

119 50 10 85 ..

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

3.5 .. 10 50 .. 58 69 130

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

21 76 59 69 41 30 14 23 21.8 5.7 23 27 44 31 32 41 23 .. .. 4 67 .. 17 64 19 38 .. .. 21.7 14.7 .. .. 30.4 31.0

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

73 ..

107 109 94 87 42 27 92 88 96 98

2.1 5 .. 60 .. 96 95 60

4

The Little Data Book on Gender

952 77 .. ..

26 71 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 4 67 .. 21 61 15 29 .. .. 17.3 13.1 .. .. 29.3 31.4

28

2011

213


Turkey Europe & Central Asia Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

Upper middle income 75.7 719.4 9,500

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

2.7

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%)

62 13

952 75 6 ..

70 6

Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

95 102 35 58 8 16 84 91 88 97

98 77 34 92 97

101 87 43 95 99

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

3.1 .. 23 63 11 62 76 68

2.1 36 14 73 18 95 95 23

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24) Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

214

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

952 67 14 10

34 81 22 47 78 54 .. .. 69.2 13.0 76 34 10 26 14 41 16 62 81 12 67 .. 32 74 36 60 .. .. 8.5 7.8 51.2 45.0 15.0 16.6

1

24 70 51 63 49 37 48 29 34.8 5.4 38 17 15 29 47 54 22 58 .. 16 67 8 21 60 17 39 1.8 3.3 14.3 13.9 32.2 22.6 25.0 25.4

14


Turkmenistan Europe & Central Asia Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

Lower middle income 5.2 19.2 3,700

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

24.8

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

956 66 .. ..

59 ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

4.3 .. .. .. .. .. .. 91

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

58 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 50 34 .. .. .. ..

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

26

The Little Data Book on Gender

956 69 .. ..

61 ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 100 100

2.4 18 7 48 .. 99 100 77

72 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

63 42 .. .. .. ..

62 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 56 36 .. .. .. ..

74 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

66 43 .. .. .. ..

17

2011

215


Turks and Caicos Islands High income Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

0.03 .. ..

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%)

.. .. .. ..

.. ..

.. .. .. ..

.. ..

Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

92 83 0 91 ..

88 89 0 93 ..

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

..

216

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

.. .. .. .. .. .. 99 ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. ..

.. 96 4 .. .. .. .. .. 38 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

..

.. 94 6 .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. ..


Tuvalu East Asia & Pacific Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

Lower middle income 0.01 .. ..

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24) Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24) Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

.. ..

.. ..

.. ..

.. .. ..

.. ..

.. .. .. ..

.. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

98 .. .. 109 ..

102 .. .. 89 ..

.. .. .. 39 .. .. .. ..

..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. ..

.. .. ..

.. .. .. 31 24 97 98 ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. ..

8

The Little Data Book on Gender

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 34 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. ..

0

2011

217


Uganda Sub-Saharan Africa Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

Low income 33.8 16.6 490

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

28.7

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

971 50 86 ..

46 97

971 54 62 30

62 8 1 28 63

77 14 2 46 77

122 121 25 30 4 5 73 73 85a 90a

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

7.1 .. 53 5 .. 87 38 670

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

81 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 8 .. .. 78 70 .. 0.6 .. 1.2

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

12

218

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

53 75

6.3 141 46 24 41 94 42 430

91 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

89 81 .. 1.3 .. 2.7

78 91 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 82 69 3 9 16 23 .. .. .. 8 100 33 75 88 70 79 36.5 39.8 .. .. .. .. .. ..

35


Ukraine Europe & Central Asia Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

Lower middle income 45.8 137.9 3,010

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

<2

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%)

945 75 .. ..

66 ..

Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

106 98 47 99 ..

107 94 35 99 ..

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.8 .. .. .. .. .. .. 49

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

56 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 47 .. .. .. .. .. 52 36 .. .. .. ..

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

64 4

98 97 93 95 91 72 96 95 100 100

1.5 29 10 67 10 99 99 26

71 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

65 37 .. .. .. ..

..

The Little Data Book on Gender

943 75 1 49

52 65 81 83 19 17 .. .. 0.3 0.4 .. .. .. .. .. .. 55 .. 71 18 100 38 48 59 30 38 16.6 18.0 6.1 6.6 .. .. 14.4 15.2

8

2011

219


United Arab Emirates High income Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

4.7 .. ..

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%)

952 75 .. ..

71 ..

Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

113 69 12 96 ..

116 60 3 98 ..

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

4.4 .. .. .. .. .. .. 28

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

25 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 6 100 .. 25 15 .. .. .. ..

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

220

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

0

952 79 .. ..

77 ..

105 106 96 95 41 22 98 100 97 94

1.9 25 .. .. .. .. .. 10

92 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

90 61 .. .. .. ..

42 99 1 0 0.0 0 7 92 20 .. .. 12 100 10 36 21 .. 12.0 .. 21.8

23

92 95 5 1 0.0 5 28 66

90 51 .. 2.0 .. 7.9


United Kingdom High income Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

62.2 2,399.3 38,540

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%)

951 79 .. ..

Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

106 105 85 82 26 27 .. .. .. ..

106 106 100 98 69 50 .. .. .. ..

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.8 .. .. 70 .. .. .. 10

2.0 30 .. 84 .. .. .. 12

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24) Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

73 ..

52 74 92 81 8 19 6 13 0.7 1.2 1 3 17 44 81 53 48 85 68 14 90 .. 48 67 58 62 .. .. 6.5 7.0 23.7 41.8 9.0 11.1

6

The Little Data Book on Gender

951 82 .. ..

78 ..

55 70 91 82 9 18 7 14 0.4 0.2 1 2 8 30 91 68 52 76 80 26 90 35 52 63 49 50 .. .. 6.4 8.8 21.5 26.5 15.6 21.7

22

2011

221


United States High income Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

309.7 14,600.8 47,140

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%)

953 79 .. ..

72 ..

953 81 .. ..

76 ..

Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

105 105 92 92 79 64 .. .. .. ..

99 94 101 94 ..

98 93 72 99 ..

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

2.1 .. .. 71 .. 99 99 12

2.1 36 .. 79 .. .. .. 24

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24) Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

222

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

57 76 93 90 7 11 .. .. 0.5 0.1 1 4 15 36 84 60 47 68 .. 12 0 .. 53 70 53 59 .. .. 5.5 5.7 3.7 7.0 10.7 11.6

7

58 72 94 92 6 8 .. .. 0.1 0.1 1 2 9 30 90 68 48 67 .. 12 0 42 54 64 46 47 .. .. 8.1 10.3 16.1 16.4 14.9 20.1

17


Uruguay Latin America & Caribbean Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

3.4 35.6 10,590

Upper middle income Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

<2

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%)

952 76 .. ..

Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

108 109 89 75 .. .. 97 92 .. ..

112 115 94 82 83 48 108 104 100 98

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

2.5 .. .. .. .. .. .. 39

2.0 60 .. 78 .. 96 99 27

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24) Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

69 ..

48 76 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 0 0 22 40 78 60 42 .. .. 12 100 .. 41 70 35 58 .. .. 10.9 6.9 .. .. 27.4 20.7

6

The Little Data Book on Gender

952 80 .. ..

73 ..

54 76 73 68 27 32 24 26 3.0 0.9 5 16 13 29 83 56 46 59 .. 12 100 40 49 72 33 49 .. .. 9.7 5.3 .. .. 25.4 16.1

15

2011

223


Uzbekistan Europe & Central Asia Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

Lower middle income 28.2 36.1 1,280

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

46.3

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%)

953 70 .. ..

64 ..

Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

109 97 .. .. ..

111 117 .. .. ..

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

4.1 .. .. .. .. .. .. 53

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

53 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 37 .. .. .. .. .. 47 29 .. .. .. ..

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

224

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

..

953 71 7 ..

65 11

91 93 103 104 8 11 91 93 100 100

2.7 13 7 65 8 99 100 30

68 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

59 38 .. .. .. ..

58 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 39 .. .. 18 100 .. 52 34 4.9 .. .. ..

22

71 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

63 43 5.3 .. .. ..


Vanuatu East Asia & Pacific Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

Lower middle income 0.24 0.66 2,760

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%)

935 65 .. ..

62 ..

935 73 .. ..

69 ..

Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

95 16 .. 82 85

97 20 .. 85 87

105 49 4 83 94

111 45 6 83 94

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

4.9 .. .. 15 .. .. 87 ..

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

79 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

3.9 53 27 38 .. 84 74 ..

88 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. ..

4

The Little Data Book on Gender

79 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 39 .. .. 12 50 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

88 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. ..

4

2011

225


Venezuela, RB Latin America & Caribbean Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

28.8 334.1 11,590

Upper middle income Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

3.5

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%)

952 74 .. ..

68 ..

Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

108 62 25 86 96

109 50 28 76 95

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

3.4 .. .. 58 .. .. .. 84

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24) Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

226

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

36 81 71 58 29 42 27 34 1.2 1.7 2 19 16 30 82 52 35 66 .. 18 100 .. 33 74 21 51 .. .. 10.0 10.4 .. .. 25.8 20.9

10

952 77 .. ..

71 ..

102 105 86 79 99 59 96 94 99 98

2.5 89 .. .. .. .. .. 68

52 80 62 57 38 43 32 30 1.2 0.5 2 13 11 31 87 57 42 .. .. 18 100 27 47 75 28 52 3.3 6.9 8.1 7.2 .. .. 15.9 12.3

17


Vietnam East Asia & Pacific Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

Lower middle income 88.4 96.9 1,100

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

13.1

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%)

952 67 .. ..

64 ..

952 77 4 ..

73 5

Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

100 .. .. .. 93

107 .. .. .. 94

.. .. .. .. 96

.. .. .. .. 97

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

3.7 .. .. 53 .. .. .. 170

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

74 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 100 .. 72 75 .. .. .. ..

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

2.0 25 10 80 .. 91 88 56

82 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

80 74 .. .. .. ..

18

The Little Data Book on Gender

68 76 21 30 79 70 79 70 47.2 18.9 54 50 16 24 30 26 40 .. .. 20 100 22 66 74 49 51 21.6 21.0 2.4 1.9 .. .. 4.9 4.4

24

2011

227


Virgin Islands (U.S.) High income Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

0.11 .. ..

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

943 77 .. ..

71 ..

943 83 .. ..

76 ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

2.6 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

44 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 48 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

228

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

..

1.8 26 .. .. .. .. .. ..

80 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. ..

49 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

..

72 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. ..


West Bank and Gaza Middle East & North Africa Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

Lower middle income 4.2 .. ..

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

952 70 .. ..

67 ..

952 75 3 ..

72 3

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

79 90 52 81 99

79 84 40 82 99

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

6.4 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

11 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 9 4 .. .. .. ..

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

4.9 51 19 50 .. 99 99 ..

66 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

51 33 .. .. .. ..

..

The Little Data Book on Gender

17 68 67 66 33 34 31 26 19.8 5.5 28 10 11 29 60 60 18 .. 53 .. .. 12 13 51 6 28 .. .. 38.6 17.7 .. .. 47.3 38.8

..

2011

229


Yemen, Rep. Middle East & North Africa Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

24.3 25.0 1,060

Lower middle income Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

17.5

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

952 55 47 12

54 41

952 65 11 ..

62 10

.. .. 2 .. 35

.. .. 7 .. 83

76 30 6 49 72

94 61 14 72 96

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

8.1 .. 49 10 .. 26 16 540

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

16 74 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 83 44 2 14 13 38 6 .. .. 10 70 .. 12 65 8 37 .. .. 3.9 9.3 .. .. 9.8 20.2

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

230

2011

The Little Data Book on Gender

4

5.1 74 32 28 24 47 36 210

20 74 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 6 .. .. 9 100 4 15 64 9 36 15.9 20.7 40.9 11.5 .. .. .. ..

0


Zambia Sub-Saharan Africa Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

Lower middle income 12.9 13.8 1,070

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

64.3

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

971 53 85 16

49 91

971 47 55 24

46 66

95 104 15 26 1 3 80 106 66 67

112 44 .. 82 67

113 53 .. 92 82

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

6.5 .. 43 15 31 92 51 390

5.7 143 42 41 27 94 47 470

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

61 79 15 39 82 58 81 56 55.7 27.8 56 47 3 15 18 22 17 .. .. 12 100 .. 52 61 35 41 .. .. 13.7 11.7 .. .. 21.0 20.7

60 79 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 12 100 19 53 68 40 49 33.3 35.4 .. .. .. .. .. ..

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

7

The Little Data Book on Gender

14

2011

231


Zimbabwe Sub-Saharan Africa Population (millions) GNI ($ billions) GNI per capita ($)

Low income 12.6 5.8 460

Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

..

1990

2009

Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) Life expectancy at birth (years) Child mortality rate (per 1,000) Female-headed households (%)

980 64 .. 33

57 ..

Education Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24)

100 44 4 91 94

101 50 8 96 97

Family planning and maternal health Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

5.2 .. 33 43 .. 91 70 390

3.4 60 30 65 13 93 60 790

Labor force and employment dynamics Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24)

67 80 18 54 82 47 82 47 20.5 16.4 .. .. .. .. .. .. 15 .. .. 12 60 .. 64 75 47 48 .. .. 7.9 6.5 .. .. 42.6 45.6

60 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 13 100 .. 58 43 .. 4.1 .. ..

Women's political participation Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

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11

980 46 21 38

45 21

103 104 39 43 3 4 .. .. 99 98

15

74 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

71 49 .. 4.2 .. ..


Notes a. Data are for 2010. b. Includes Taiwan, China. c. Data are for the area controlled by the government of the Republic of Cyprus. d. Excludes Abkhazia and South Ossetia. e. Excludes Transnistria. f. Includes Former Spanish Sahara. g. Covers mainland Tanzania only.

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Glossary Adolescent fertility rate is the number of births per 1,000 women ages 15–19. (United Nations Population Division) Births attended by skilled health staff are the percentage of deliveries attended by personnel trained to give the necessary care to women during pregnancy, labor, and postpartum; to conduct deliveries on their own; and to care for newborns. (United Nations Children’s Fund and Macro International) Children in employment are children ages 7-14 who are involved in any economic activity for at least one hour in the reference week of the survey. (Understanding Children’s Work) Child mortality rate is the probability per 1,000 of dying between ages 1 and 5—that is, the probability of a 1-year-old dying before reaching age 5—if subject to current age-specific mortality rates. (Macro International) Contraceptive prevalence is the percentage of women married or in-union ages 15–49 who are practicing, or whose sexual partners are practicing, any form of contraception. (United Nations Children’s Fund and Macro International) Employment in agriculture is the proportion of employment in agriculture— division 1 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories A and B (ISIC revision 3) and includes hunting, forestry, and fishing—in total employment. (International Labour Organization) Employment in industry is the proportion of employment in industry—divisions 2–5 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories C–F (ISIC revision 3) and includes mining and quarrying (including oil production), manufacturing, construction, and public utilities (electricity, gas, and water)—in total employment. (International Labour Organization) Employment in service is the proportion of employment in service—divisions 6–9 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories G–P (ISIC revision 3) and include wholesale and retail trade and restaurants and hotels; transport, storage, and communications; financing, insurance, real estate, and business services; and community, social, and personal service—in total employment. (International Labour Organization) Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Ages 15 and older are generally considered the working-age population and ages 15-24 are generally considered the youth population. (International Labour Organization) Female headed household is the percentage of households with a female head. (Macro International) Female legislators, senior officials and managers refer to the share of legistlators, senior officials, and managers who are female. (OECD)

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GNI is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. Data are in current U.S. dollars. GNI, calculated in national currency, is usually converted to U.S. dollars at official exchange rates for comparisons across economies, although an alternative rate is used when the official exchange rate is judged to diverge by an exceptionally large margin from the rate actually applied in international transactions. To smooth fluctuations in prices and exchange rates, a special Atlas method of conversion is used by the World Bank. This applies a conversion factor that averages the exchange rate for a given year and the two preceding years, adjusted for differences in rates of inflation between the country, and through 2000, the G-5 countries (France, Germany, Japan, the United Kingdom, and the United States). From 2001, these countries include the Euro area, Japan, the United Kingdom, and the United States. Figures in italics are for years other than 2010. (World Bank) GNI per capita is gross national income (GNI) converted to U.S. dollars using the World Bank Atlas method divided by midyear population. GNI is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. GNI, calculated in national currency, is usually converted to U.S. dollars at official exchange rates for comparisons across economies. The World Bank Atlas method is used to smooth fluctuations in prices and exchange rates. It averages the exchange rate for a given year and the two preceding years, adjusted for differences in rates of inflation between the country and the Euro zone, Japan, the United Kingdom, and the United States. Figures in italics are for years other than 2010. (World Bank) Gross primary enrollment ratio is the total enrollment in primary level, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the primary education. (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization Institute for Statistics) Gross secondary enrollment ratio is the total enrollment in secondary level, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the secondary education. (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization Institute for Statistics) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio is the total enrollment in tertiary level, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the tertiary education. (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization Institute for Statistics) Labor force participation rate is the proportion of the population ages 15 and older that is economically active: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period. (International Labour Organization) Life expectancy at birth is the number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to stay the same throughout its life. (World Bank staff estimates from various sources including census reports, the United Nations Population Division's World Population

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Glossary Prospects, national statistical offices, household surveys conducted by national agencies, and Macro International) Long-term unemployment rate is the share of people with continuous periods of unemployment extending for a year or longer in the total unemployed. (International Labour Organization) Maternal leave benefits are percentage of the wage paid during the maternity leave. (United Nations) Maternal mortality ratio is the number of women who die from pregnancyrelated causes during pregnancy and childbirth per 100,000 live births. (World Health Organization, United Nations Childrenâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Fund, United Nations Population Fund, and the World Bank) Maternity leave is a number of weeks that the benefits are provided. (United Nations) Population is the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenshipâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;except for refugees not permanently settled in the country of asylum, who are generally considered part of the population of their country of origin. Figures in italics are for years other than 2010. (World Bank staff estimates from various sources including census reports, the United Nations Population Division's World Population Prospects, national statistical offices, household surveys conducted by national agencies, and Macro International) Population below $1.25 a day is the percentage of the population living on less than $1.25 a day at 2005 international prices. Data are the most recent estimate since 1990. Figures in italics are for years other than 2009. (World Bank) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care are the percentage of women attended to at least once during pregnancy by skilled health personnel for reasons related to pregnancy. (United Nations Childrenâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Fund and Macro International) Primary completion rate is the percentage of students completing the last year of primary school. It is calculated by dividing the total number of students in the last grade of primary school minus the number of repeaters in that grade by the total number of children of official completing age. (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization Institute for Statistics) Proportion of women in managerial positions is the share of women administrators and managers as a percentage of all workers in public sector and industry. (United Nations) Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) refers to female to male wages and salaries in manufacturing. (International Labour Organization) Seats held by women in national parliament is the percentage of parliamentary seats in a single or lower chamber occupied by women. Data listed for 2009 are for 2011. (Inter-Parliamentary Union)

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Sex ratio at birth is the ratio of female to male births. (United Nations Population Division) Self employed workers are those workers who, working on their own account or with one or a few partners or in cooperative, hold the type of jobs defined as “self-employment jobs." (International Labour Organization) Total fertility rate is the number of children that would be born to a woman if she were to live to the end of her childbearing years and bear children in accordance with current age-specific fertility rates. (World Bank staff estimates from various sources including census reports, the United Nations Population Division's World Population Prospects, national statistical offices, household surveys conducted by national agencies, and Macro International) Unemployment rate is the share of labor force without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment may differ by country. (International Labour Organization) Unmet need for contraception is the percentage of fertile, married women of reproductive age who do not want to become pregnant and are not using contraception. (Macro International) Unpaid family workers are those who work without pay in a market-oriented establishment operated by a related person living in the same household. (International Labour Organization) Vulnerable employment is unpaid family workers and own-account workers as a percentage of total employment. (International Labour Organization) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector is the share of female workers in the nonagricultural sector (industry and services), expressed as a percentage of total employment in the nonagricultural sector. Industry includes mining and quarrying (including oil production), manufacturing, construction, electricity, gas, and water, corresponding to divisions 2-5 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories C-F (ISIC revision 3). Services include wholesale and retail trade and restaurants and hotels; transport, storage, and communications; financing, insurance, real estate, and business services; and community, social, and personal services, corresponding to divisions 6-9 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories G-P (ISIC revision 3). (International Labour Organization) Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) is the female share of total part-time workers. Part-time worker is an employed person whose normal hours of work are less than those of comparable full-time workers. Definition of part-time varies across countries. (International Labour Organization) Women first married by age 18 is the percentage of women ages 20-24 who were first married by age 18. (United Nations Children’s Fund and Macro International) Wage and salaried workers are those workers who hold the type of jobs defined as “paid employment jobs,” where the incumbents hold explicit

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Glossary (written or oral) or implicit employment contracts that give them a basic remuneration that is not directly dependent upon the revenue of the unit for which they work. (International Labour Organization) Youth literacy rate is the percentage of people ages 15 to 24 that can, with understanding, both read and write a short, simple statement about their everyday life. (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization Institute for Statistics) Youth unemployment rate is the share of the labor force ages 15-24 without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment may differ by country. (International Labour Organization)

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The Little Data Book on Gender 2011  

This handy pocket guide is a quick reference for users interested in the gender statistics.

The Little Data Book on Gender 2011  

This handy pocket guide is a quick reference for users interested in the gender statistics.