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From World Development Indicators

The Little Data Book on

Private Sector Development

Economic and social context Investment climate Private sector investment Finance and banking Infrastructure


2011

THE LITTLE DATA BOOK ON PRIVATE SECTOR DEVELOPMENT


Copyright ©2011 by the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development/THE WORLD BANK 1818 H Street, N.W., Washington, D.C. 20433 U.S.A. All rights reserved Manufactured in the United States of America First printing July 2011 ISBN: 978-0-8213-8861-7 eISBN: 978-0-8213-8884-6 DOI: 10.1596/978-0-8213-8861-7 SKU: 18861 The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development 2011 is a product of the Development Data Group of the Development Economics Vice Presidency and the Investment Climate Department of the Financial and Private Sector Development Vice Presidency of the World Bank Group. Design by Communications Development Incorporated, Washington, D.C.


Contents Acknowledgments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . iv Preface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . v Data notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . vi

Regional tables. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 World . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 East Asia and Pacific. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Europe and Central Asia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Latin America and the Caribbean . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Middle East and North Africa . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 South Asia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Sub-Saharan Africa . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8

Income group tables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Low income . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Middle income . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 Lower middle income . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Upper middle income . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Low and middle income. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 Euro area . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 High income . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16

Country tables (in alphabetical order) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17

Glossary. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 231

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2011

iii


Acknowledgments The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development 2011 is based on World Development Indicators 2011 and its accompanying CD-ROM, with a focus on the private sector in development. The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development 2011 is the result of close collaboration between the staff of the World Bank’s Development Data Group of the Development Economics Vice Presidency and the Investment Climate Department of the Financial and Private Sector Development Vice Presidency. The Development Data Group team included Azita Amjadi, David Cieslikowski, Federico Escaler, Buyant Erdene Khaltarkhuu, Alison Kwong, William Prince, and Jomo Tariku. The Investment Climate Department's team included Nathalie David and Ayse Boybeyi. The work was carried out under the management of Shaida Badiee, director of the Development Data Group, and Pierre Guislain, director of the Investment Climate Department. The book was typeset by Jomo Tariku. Staff from External Affairs oversaw publication and dissemination of the book.

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Preface Access to reliable cross-country data on private sector development is crucial when formulating responses to economic crisis. When downturns affect exports, investment and growth negatively, making life easier for business is a significant step towards economic recovery. This became very obvious during the global financial crises when governments were trying to stimulate economic growth through the creation of more robust private and finance markets. Improving the investment climate facilitates economic adjustment as it helps attract capital to create jobs and provide basic services. Unsurprisingly, the availability of cross-country data on the business environment has rapidly expanded in recent years, including data from the World Bank’s Doing Business project, Enterprise Surveys, and the World Bank Group Entrepreneurship Snapshots. The data sources presented in this book report on the scope and types of regulations that enhance — and constrain — business activity and provide information on business owners’ assessment of the business environment. The data have led to new research, enabled benchmarking, and informed the reform process in many developing countries. Included in this guide are indicators on the economic and social context, the investment climate, private sector investment, finance and banking, and infrastructure. Though a pocket guide cannot include all relevant variables, the indicators that are included provide users with a general understanding of the private sector in each country. Indicators displayed in the tables are defined in the Glossary, which also lists data sources. We welcome your suggestions on how to improve future editions and make them more useful.

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Data notes The data in this book are for 2000 and 2009 or the most recent year unless otherwise noted in the table or the Glossary. •

Growth rates are proportional changes from the previous year unless otherwise noted.

•

Regional aggregates include data for low- and middle-income economies only.

•

Figures in italics indicate data for years or periods other than those specified.

Symbols used:

..

indicates that data are not available or that aggregates cannot be calculated because of missing data.

0 or 0.0

indicates zero or small enough that the number would round to zero at the displayed number of decimal places.

$

indicates current U.S. dollars.

Data are shown for economies with populations greater than 30,000 or for smaller economies if they are members of the World Bank. The term country (used interchangeably with economy) does not imply political independence or official recognition by the World Bank but refers to any economy for which the authorities report separate social or economic statistics.

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Regional tables The country composition of regions is based on the World Bank’s analytical regions and may differ from common geographic usage. East Asia and Pacific American Samoa, Cambodia, China, Fiji, Indonesia, Kiribati, Democratic Republic of Korea, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Malaysia, Marshall Islands, Federated States of Micronesia, Mongolia, Myanmar, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Thailand, Timor-Leste, Tonga, Tuvalu, Vanuatu, Vietnam Europe and Central Asia Albania, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kosovo, Kyrgyz Republic, Lithuania, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Moldova, Montenegro, Romania, Russian Federation, Serbia, Tajikistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan Latin America and the Caribbean Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Grenada, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and the Grenadines, Suriname, Uruguay, República Bolivariana de Venezuela Middle East and North Africa Algeria, Djibouti, Arab Republic of Egypt, Islamic Republic of Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, Syrian Arab Republic, Tunisia, West Bank and Gaza, Republic of Yemen South Asia Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka Sub-Saharan Africa Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros, Democratic Republic of Congo, Republic of Congo, Côte d’Ivoire, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, The Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mayotte, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, São Tomé and Príncipe, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Africa, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe

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World 2000 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

6,085.0 6,775.2 2,755.3 3,175.8 5.6 6.6 5,293 8,732 3.3 2.9 3.6 2.9 28.9 27.0 19.2 16.8 67.5 70.2

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

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24.4 24.5

24.2 24.3

.. .. .. .. ..

34 8 51.2 2.9 47.8 17.9

.. 5.0 21.6 ..

.. 2.0 19.5 ..

-0.2 .. 103.9 88.6 8.7 9.5 129.3

-7.1 .. 124.6 91.5 9.4 4.2 138.2

7.0

6.2

49.0 2,389

.. 2,875

12.2 6.7

69.0 27.1


East Asia & Pacific 2000 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

1,807.1 1,943.8 985.3 1,090.7 3.6 4.6 902 3,163 6.0 9.4 15.0 11.4 44.4 45.0 30.7 31.7 40.6 43.4 35.5 31.3

34.9 29.7

.. .. .. .. ..

40 8 56.7 3.1 36.5 18.4

17,993 2.6 30.5 8.9

11,467 1.6 39.4 18.8

-2.6 .. 109.5 49.0 .. .. 98.9

-2.0 .. 125.3 56.0 .. .. 117.0

6.9

7.1

11.4 879

.. 1,972

5.8 1.9

61.6 24.1

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

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Europe & Central Asia 2000 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

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399.7 176.4 10.2 1,756 2.1 10.8 34.7 18.2 54.5

404.2 187.2 9.2 6,793 5.9 7.5 30.4 16.6 62.1

37.0 31.0

29.8 28.7

.. .. .. .. ..

18 6 25.9 2.9 42.2 10.0

8,448 1.3 18.8 15.6

23,082 3.3 21.1 17.2

.. .. 27.7 22.3 14.0 11.0 14.8

-0.4 .. 54.3 40.2 13.3 9.3 45.0

14.8

5.7

67.4 3,316

.. 4,052

6.5 2.0

118.7 36.4


Latin America & Caribbean 2000 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

512.4 221.0 9.0 3,831 3.0 5.6 29.6 18.3 64.8

572.5 269.3 7.9 7,007 3.8 6.1 30.6 16.8 63.3

20.0 21.1

21.0 21.0

.. .. .. .. ..

60 9 55.5 3.2 47.9 21.4

36,956 3.9 18.4 ..

52,821 1.9 19.9 14.3

-1.5 .. 44.5 32.1 9.6 7.5 27.0

-1.7 .. 59.0 44.0 9.6 3.0 40.8

8.3

7.7

24.3 1,568

.. 1,907

12.1 3.8

89.5 31.5

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

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Middle East & North Africa 2000 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

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280.5 89.1 14.3 1,617 4.5 12.5 43.3 12.5 44.2

330.9 115.2 10.6 3,597 4.7 10.6 43.0 11.7 46.5

26.8 25.6

38.2 33.2

.. .. .. .. ..

23 8 54.8 3.5 41.6 16.6

1,310 1.0 22.0 14.0

4,015 2.6 24.7 15.0

.. .. 53.0 52.0 .. .. 34.4

-3.0 .. 48.3 58.5 .. .. 34.5

4.9

4.3

68.7 1,044

81.0 1,494

2.2 0.9

67.4 21.5


South Asia 2000 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

1,362.4 1,567.7 515.4 625.9 4.5 4.8 442 1,107 5.4 7.3 23.9 18.3 25.8 26.8 15.4 15.3 50.3 54.9 14.2 15.9

18.9 24.2

.. .. .. .. ..

25 7 75.8 4.5 39.9 17.8

3,027 0.7 22.2 15.8

39,907 2.3 28.6 21.0

-4.0 64.6 41.8 41.9 4.9 19.5 27.7

-4.6 56.5 63.7 60.5 6.4 10.5 43.5

6.9

5.9

47.5 359

51.8 503

0.3 0.5

45.5 5.5

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

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Sub-Saharan Africa 2000 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

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671.8 263.1 .. 488 3.2 16.3 29.4 14.9 54.3

839.6 341.0 .. 1,125 5.1 13.1 29.5 12.7 57.3

32.4 30.7

29.7 33.5

.. .. .. .. ..

43 9 66.2 3.4 68.2 23.3

2,787 2.0 16.3 11.8

11,333 3.1 22.3 13.4

.. .. 41.9 32.3 .. .. 61.5

-1.0 .. 53.2 40.3 .. .. 65.1

12.6

8.5

12.1 490

.. 531

1.7 0.5

37.3 8.8


Income group tables For operational and analytical purposes the World Bank’s main criterion for classifying economies is gross national income (GNI) per capita. Every economy in The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development is classified as low income, middle income, or high income. Low- and middle-income economies are sometimes referred to as developing economies. The use of the term is convenient; it is not intended to imply that all economies in the group are experiencing similar development or that other economies have reached a preferred or final stage of development. Classification by income does not necessarily reflect development status. Low-income economies are those with a GNI per capita of $995 or less in 2009. Middle-income economies are those with a GNI per capita of more than $995 but less than $12,196. Lower-middle-income and upper-middle-income economies are separated at a GNI per capita of $3,945. High-income economies are those with a GNI per capita of $12,196 or more. Euro area includes the member states of the Economic and Monetary Union of the European Union that have adopted the euro as their currency: Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Portugal, Slovak Republic, Slovenia, and Spain.

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Low income 2000 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

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694.7 302.6 .. 264 4.1 34.0 21.3 11.5 44.7

846.1 384.5 .. 509 5.4 26.1 24.4 12.4 49.5

19.2 27.6

23.2 35.9

.. .. .. .. ..

41 8 71.0 3.7 76.5 24.8

630 1.6 18.7 12.1

4,779 2.7 22.9 15.8

.. .. 24.1 24.4 .. .. 18.4

-1.4 .. 31.8 30.6 .. .. 26.3

13.6

11.5

12.0 184

.. 231

0.3 0.1

26.6 2.7


Middle income 2000 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

4,339.2 4,812.5 1,947.7 2,244.8 5.4 6.2 1,267 3,397 4.1 6.4 11.4 9.6 35.5 35.0 21.5 21.0 53.1 55.4

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

27.3 25.4

27.0 26.1

.. .. .. .. ..

39 8 49.5 3.1 41.5 17.1

80,173 142,107 2.6 2.2 22.6 27.3 13.3 18.4

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

2009

-2.3 .. 62.9 38.7 9.5 11.3 50.2

-1.5 .. 86.4 51.5 10.1 4.8 72.8

8.2

6.3

35.4 1,071

.. 1,670

4.9 1.7

66.7 20.9

2011

11


Lower middle income 2000 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

3,416.4 3,810.8 1,555.1 1,786.5 4.3 5.3 741 2,321 5.6 8.5 17.1 13.3 39.5 38.9 24.7 25.8 43.4 47.7 27.7 26.3

28.9 28.3

.. .. .. .. ..

35 8 57.7 3.3 40.2 16.3

21,404 2.1 27.2 11.1

41,477 2.0 34.9 19.9

-3.2 .. 84.0 43.7 8.8 16.8 71.9

-2.3 .. 107.6 54.9 10.0 5.1 92.9

8.3

7.3

35.4 693

.. 1,318

3.3 1.1

57.8 17.2

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

12

2011

2009

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Upper middle income 2000 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

922.7 1,001.7 392.6 458.2 11.1 9.1 3,214 7,502 2.9 4.4 6.6 6.2 32.2 31.5 18.5 16.7 61.2 62.4 26.9 24.7

25.4 24.2

.. .. .. .. ..

43 8 40.1 2.9 43.0 18.0

32,746 3.0 18.8 ..

64,899 2.4 20.7 15.6

-1.4 .. 45.3 34.6 9.6 8.1 32.0

-0.6 .. 60.6 47.4 9.7 4.2 47.8

7.8

5.5

36.8 2,469

.. 3,001

10.8 3.8

100.6 34.6

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2009

2011

13


Low and middle income 2000 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

5,033.9 5,658.7 2,250.3 2,629.2 5.3 6.5 1,128 2,968 4.1 6.4 12.1 10.0 35.1 34.7 21.2 20.8 52.8 55.2

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) 2011

27.0 25.5

26.9 26.4

.. .. .. .. ..

39 8 55.7 3.3 51.1 19.2

40,472 127,613 2.6 2.2 22.5 27.2 13.2 18.4

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

14

2009

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

-2.3 .. 62.0 38.4 .. 12.0 49.4

-1.5 .. 85.9 51.3 .. 5.3 72.0

8.7

6.8

24.3 975

.. 1,505

4.3 1.5

60.7 18.1


Euro area 2000 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

311.6 143.9 9.2 21,980 2.8 2.5 27.8 19.9 69.7

327.3 158.5 9.4 38,872 1.5 1.5 24.1 15.3 74.3

36.6 36.0

36.3 34.8

.. .. .. .. ..

14 6 36.4 1.7 45.7 13.5

.. 11.6 21.4 ..

.. 3.0 19.5 ..

0.1 58.9 118.3 74.7 6.4 2.6 97.7

-5.2 69.9 151.4 106.5 6.5 3.6 133.1

4.2

3.5

91.8 6,363

100.0 6,970

60.3 22.8

123.2 67.3

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2009

2011

15


High income 2000 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

1,051.1 1,116.6 504.9 546.6 6.5 8.1 25,241 37,990 3.1 2.0 1.9 1.5 27.7 25.0 18.8 15.9 70.5 73.5

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms) Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP) Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points) Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

16

2011

2009

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

23.8 24.3

23.6 23.9

.. .. .. .. ..

18 6 37.9 2.1 38.6 14.3

.. 5.6 21.5 ..

.. 2.0 18.0 ..

0.1 54.2 113.1 100.5 7.0 4.4 147.0

-7.7 55.7 140.0 108.5 6.8 3.4 165.1

4.3

3.8

88.5 8,939

93.4 9,518

49.9 30.5

111.2 72.3


Country tables China Data for China do not include data for Hong Kong SAR, China; Macao SAR, China; or Taiwan, China. Cyprus GNI and GDP data and data calculated using GNI and GDP refer to the area controlled by the government of the Republic of Cyprus. For more information, see World Development Indicators 2011 or data.worldbank.org. Georgia GNI and GDP data and data calculated using GNI and GDP exclude Abkhazia and South Ossetia. For more information, see World Development Indicators 2011 or data.worldbank.org. Kosovo, Montenegro, and Serbia Montenegro declared independence from Serbia and Montenegro on June 3, 2006. Where available, data for each country are shown separately. However, some indicators for Serbia prior to 2006 include data for Montenegro. Moreover, data for most indicators for Serbia from 1999 onward exclude data for Kosovo, which in 1999 became a territory under international administration pursuant to UN Security Council Resolution 1244 (1999). Kosovo became a member of the World Bank on June 29, 2009, and its data are shown where available. Moldova GNI and GDP data and data calculated using GNI and GDP exclude Transnistria. For more information, see World Development Indicators 2011 or data.worldbank.org. Morocco GNI and GDP data and data calculated using GNI and GDP include Former Spanish Sahara. For more information, see World Development Indicators 2011 or data.worldbank.org. Netherlands Antilles Netherlands Antilles ceased to exist on October 10, 2010. Curacao and St. Maarten became countries within the Kingdom of Netherlands. Bonaire, St. Eustatius, and Saba became special municipalities of the Netherlands. Tanzania GNI and GDP data and data calculated using GNI and GDP refer to mainland Tanzania only. For more information, see World Development Indicators 2011 or data.worldbank.org.

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2011

17


Afghanistan South Asia

Low income Country data 2000

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2008

Lowincome group 2008

23.6 7.4 .. .. .. 45.2 19.7 15.0 35.1 .. 47.4 30.6 61.6

29.8 9.6 8.5 310 10.5 32.5 22.1 13.3 45.4 -13.2 50.2 15.6 47.7

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

167 7 4 30.0 .. 36.4 0.0 .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

6.8 28.8 1.4 45.8 8.5

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

70 0.0 11.6 1.1

60 1.3 25.0 8.7

4,779 2.7 22.9 15.8

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

0.2 .. .. .. .. .. 9.1 36.1 ..

-1.4 .. 31.8 30.6 .. .. 26.3

.. .. .. 0.0 0.0

29.3 .. 20.3 40.3 3.4

12.0 231

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

18

2011

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

846 384 .. 509 5.4 26.1 24.4 12.4 49.5 23.2 35.9

41 8 71.0 3.7 76.5 24.8

11.5

26.6 2.7


Europe & Central Asia

Albania

Upper middle income Country data 2000

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2009

3.1 1.3 22.7 1,170 5.2 29.1 19.0 11.4 51.9 0.1 143.7 19.1 37.5

3.2 1.4 12.7 4,000 5.4 20.8 19.7 19.7 59.5 2.3 95.0 28.7 54.4

Upper middleincome group 2009 1,002 458 9.1 7,502 4.4 6.2 31.5 16.7 62.4 25.4 24.2

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

82 5 5 56.0 .. 40.6 8.5 2.0 0.8

11.4 83.8 10.4 27.4 14.0

18.7 22.4 12.4 41.7 24.6

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

102 3.9 24.7 18.1

1,003 8.1 29.0 20.6

64,899 2.4 20.7 15.6

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

-6.7 51.9 34.8 43.8 .. .. 4.7 17.0 13.8

-3.0 .. 62.0 57.9 8.7 10.5 37.0 10.1 5.9

-0.6 .. 60.6 47.4 9.7 4.2 47.8

39.0 1,218 .. 1.0 0.1

.. 1,372 37.8 131.9 41.2

36.8 3,001

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2011

43 8 40.1 2.9 43.0 18.0

5.5

100.6 34.6

19


Algeria Middle East & North Africa

Upper middle income Country data 2000

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2009

30.5 11.1 29.8 1,610 3.2 8.9 58.6 7.5 32.5 0.3 75.3 41.2 21.4

34.9 14.8 11.3 4,420 4.0 11.7 54.5 6.1 33.7 5.7 72.6 40.4 36.1

Upper middleincome group 2009 1,002 458 9.1 7,502 4.4 6.2 31.5 16.7 62.4 25.4 24.2

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

136 24 14 17.0 2.5 72.0 6.6 10.5 0.4

.. .. 27.6 124.9 ..

25.1 15.0 8.9 49.1 5.0

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

472 0.8 20.7 12.9

974 2.0 33.0 33.0

64,899 2.4 20.7 15.6

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

.. .. 33.4 26.1 .. .. 6.0 -11.7 2.5

-4.4 .. 35.0 47.2 .. .. 16.2 19.2 6.3

-0.6 .. 60.6 47.4 9.7 4.2 47.8

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

68.9 695 .. 0.3 0.5

73.5 957 4.8 93.8 13.5

36.8 3,001

20

2011

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

43 8 40.1 2.9 43.0 18.0

5.5

100.6 34.6


East Asia & Pacific

American Samoa Upper middle income

Upper middleincome group 2009

Country data 2000 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2009

0.06 .. 5.1 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

0.07 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

.. .. .. ..

.. .. .. ..

64,899 2.4 20.7 15.6

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

-0.6 .. 60.6 47.4 9.7 4.2 47.8

.. .. .. 3.5 ..

.. .. .. 3.6 ..

36.8 3,001

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2011

1,002 458 9.1 7,502 4.4 6.2 31.5 16.7 62.4 25.4 24.2

43 8 40.1 2.9 43.0 18.0

5.5

100.6 34.6

21


Andorra

High income Highincome group 2009

Country data 2000 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2009

.. .. .. .. 4.6 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

0.09 .. .. 41,130 5.9 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

.. .. .. ..

.. .. .. ..

.. 2.0 18.0 ..

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

-7.7 55.7 140.0 108.5 6.8 3.4 165.1

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. 76.6 70.5

93.4 9,518

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

22

2011

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

1,117 547 8.1 37,990 2.0 1.5 25.0 15.9 73.5 23.6 23.9

18 6 37.9 2.1 38.6 14.3

3.8

111.2 72.3


Sub-Saharan Africa

Angola

Lower middle income Country data 2000

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2009

Lower middleincome group 2009

14.3 6.2 .. 410 6.3 5.7 72.1 2.9 22.2 325.0 10.0 89.6 62.8

18.5 8.3 .. 3,750 13.1 10.2 59.0 6.1 30.8 13.7 79.3 52.2 46.2

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

163 68 8 58.0 6.2 53.2 24.6 .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

7.1 14.8 2.1 60.2 5.1

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

68 9.6 15.1 8.9

354 2.9 14.8 2.4

41,477 2.0 34.9 19.9

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

.. .. 2.2 13.9 10.6 10.4 2.0 -60.8 63.6

.. .. 26.0 20.2 .. .. 21.2 22.8 8.1

-2.3 .. 107.6 54.9 10.0 5.1 92.9

10.4 86 .. 0.2 0.1

.. 189 7.6 43.8 3.3

36.3 1,318

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2011

3,811 1,787 5.3 2,321 8.5 13.3 38.9 25.8 47.7 28.9 28.3

35 8 57.7 3.3 40.2 16.3

7.3

57.8 17.2

23


Antigua and Barbuda Latin America & Caribbean

Upper middle income Upper middleincome group 2009

Country data 2000 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2009

0.08 .. 8.4 7,960 4.4 3.9 19.8 2.3 76.3 0.5 2.7 70.3 75.1

0.09 .. .. 12,130 5.2 3.6 28.1 1.8 68.4 2.4 2.7 47.5 68.2

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

64 21 8 52.0 3.0 41.5 26.0 .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

.. 6.5 48.1 24.9

.. 11.4 75.8 ..

64,899 2.4 20.7 15.6

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

.. .. 93.6 93.5 .. .. 72.9 11.7 7.0

.. .. 105.1 103.1 .. .. 80.6 7.1 6.6

-0.6 .. 60.6 47.4 9.7 4.2 47.8

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

33.0 .. .. 28.5 6.5

.. .. .. 154.0 74.2

36.8 3,001

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

24

2011

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

1,002 458 9.1 7,502 4.4 6.2 31.5 16.7 62.4 25.4 24.2

43 8 40.1 2.9 43.0 18.0

5.5

100.6 34.6


Latin America & Caribbean

Argentina Upper middle income Country data 2000

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2009

Upper middleincome group 2009

36.9 16.3 15.0 7,460 2.7 5.0 27.6 17.5 67.4 -0.9 1.0 10.9 11.5

40.3 19.6 8.6 7,550 5.4 7.5 31.8 21.2 60.7 6.3 3.7 21.4 16.0

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

115 26 14 95.0 2.8 108.2 2.8 11.9 0.5

.. .. .. .. ..

13.8 4.3 6.9 45.9 26.9

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

4,863 3.7 16.2 15.2

1,670 1.3 20.9 20.4

64,899 2.4 20.7 15.6

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

-5.7 .. 33.2 27.5 .. 16.0 23.9 9.9 2.7

-0.5 .. 23.0 20.2 13.3 3.0 13.5 5.2 4.1

-0.6 .. 60.6 47.4 9.7 4.2 47.8

29.4 2,085 .. 17.6 7.0

30.0 2,789 1.1 128.8 30.4

36.8 3,001

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2011

1,002 458 9.1 7,502 4.4 6.2 31.5 16.7 62.4 25.4 24.2

43 8 40.1 2.9 43.0 18.0

5.5

100.6 34.6

25


Armenia

Europe & Central Asia

Lower middle income Country data 2000

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2009

3.1 1.5 35.9 660 5.1 25.5 35.4 24.1 39.0 -0.8 539.5 23.4 50.5

3.1 1.6 28.6 3,100 10.5 20.7 34.6 15.7 44.8 3.4 363.3 12.0 36.5

Lower middleincome group 2009 3,811 1,787 5.3 2,321 8.5 13.3 38.9 25.8 47.7 28.9 28.3

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

48 15 6 13.0 1.9 40.7 16.6 2.7 1.3

1.9 33.7 5.3 2.3 12.6

10.3 13.3 31.9 16.3 26.9

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

33 5.5 18.4 15.9

199 8.9 30.8 25.6

41,477 2.0 34.9 19.9

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

.. .. 11.6 8.9 14.3 17.5 9.9 33.4 13.5

-7.5 .. 24.6 17.4 21.0 4.8 23.1 17.1 10.1

-2.3 .. 107.6 54.9 10.0 5.1 92.9

96.8 1,295 .. 0.6 1.3

90.5 1,578 2.2 85.0 6.8

36.3 1,318

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

26

2011

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

35 8 57.7 3.3 40.2 16.3

7.3

57.8 17.2


Aruba

High income Highincome group 2009

Country data 2000 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2009

0.09 .. 6.9 .. 4.4 .. .. .. .. 4.0 1.8 69.9 91.2

0.11 .. 5.7 .. .. .. .. .. .. -2.1 1.8 .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

.. -6.9 .. ..

.. .. .. ..

.. 2.0 18.0 ..

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

.. .. 46.1 47.9 .. .. 45.2 7.7 5.9

.. .. 57.0 63.6 .. .. 57.0 9.8 7.4

-7.7 55.7 140.0 108.5 6.8 3.4 165.1

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

.. .. .. 16.5 15.4

.. .. .. 120.2 22.5

93.4 9,518

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2011

1,117 547 8.1 37,990 2.0 1.5 25.0 15.9 73.5 23.6 23.9

18 6 37.9 2.1 38.6 14.3

3.8

111.2 72.3

27


Australia

High income Highincome group 2009

Country data 2000 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2009

19.2 9.6 6.3 21,260 4.4 3.5 26.9 13.2 69.6 4.5 1.7 19.3 21.3

21.9 11.5 5.6 43,770 3.3 2.5 29.1 10.5 68.4 1.8 1.3 19.8 21.6

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

10 2 2 4.0 1.0 47.9 25.9 90.0 6.4

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

.. 3.3 24.1 ..

.. 2.4 27.1 ..

.. 2.0 18.0 ..

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

2.0 29.5 87.7 61.1 6.9 0.5 87.4 6.5 5.1

-2.4 24.1 131.4 96.6 5.0 1.2 127.8 1.0 3.2

-7.7 55.7 140.0 108.5 6.8 3.4 165.1

38.7 10,194 .. 44.7 46.8

.. 11,217 .. 110.7 72.0

93.4 9,518

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

28

2011

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

1,117 547 8.1 37,990 2.0 1.5 25.0 15.9 73.5 23.6 23.9

18 6 37.9 2.1 38.6 14.3

3.8

111.2 72.3


Austria

High income Highincome group 2009

Country data 2000 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2009

8.0 3.9 3.5 25,840 3.0 2.0 30.8 20.6 67.2 2.4 12.4 46.4 44.7

8.4 4.3 4.8 46,450 2.0 1.5 29.2 18.6 69.3 0.5 .. 50.5 46.0

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

32 28 8 2.0 1.1 55.5 15.7 3.2 0.6

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

.. 4.5 24.0 ..

.. 2.3 21.1 ..

.. 2.0 18.0 ..

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

-2.0 65.9 125.1 80.8 5.2 2.4 103.1 5.2 3.4

-2.6 70.7 139.7 100.8 7.0 2.3 126.9 .. ..

-7.7 55.7 140.0 108.5 6.8 3.4 165.1

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

100.0 7,109 .. 76.4 33.7

100.0 8,218 .. 140.8 73.5

93.4 9,518

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2011

1,117 547 8.1 37,990 2.0 1.5 25.0 15.9 73.5 23.6 23.9

18 6 37.9 2.1 38.6 14.3

3.8

111.2 72.3

29


Azerbaijan Europe & Central Asia

Upper middle income Country data 2000

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2009

8.0 3.5 16.3 610 7.3 17.1 45.3 5.6 37.5 1.8 0.9 39.0 38.4

8.8 4.2 6.1 4,840 17.9 8.2 60.0 4.5 31.8 1.4 0.8 52.5 24.8

Upper middleincome group 2009 1,002 458 9.1 7,502 4.4 6.2 31.5 16.7 62.4 25.4 24.2

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

54 8 6 22.0 2.7 40.9 13.8 5.3 0.9

3.0 61.1 4.6 6.0 12.1

3.0 43.2 19.0 9.7 18.2

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

61 2.5 23.1 20.1

208 1.1 21.9 9.4

64,899 2.4 20.7 15.6

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

.. .. 10.5 10.6 .. 28.0 5.9 6.4 6.8

0.4 .. 24.7 12.3 .. .. 19.6 44.2 7.8

-0.6 .. 60.6 47.4 9.7 4.2 47.8

.. 2,040 .. 5.2 0.1

50.6 2,317 2.9 88.3 42.0

36.8 3,001

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

30

2011

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

43 8 40.1 2.9 43.0 18.0

5.5

100.6 34.6


Bahamas, The

High income Highincome group 2009

Country data 2000 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2009

0.30 0.16 6.9 17,040 5.5 2.0 19.3 5.4 78.7 1.6 1.0 43.3 51.9

0.34 0.19 14.2 21,390 1.3 1.6 19.7 4.5 78.7 2.1 1.0 45.3 68.1

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

77 31 7 26.0 5.0 46.1 0.0 .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

.. 4.5 33.8 ..

.. 9.9 37.8 ..

.. 2.0 18.0 ..

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

0.4 27.4 70.2 59.7 .. .. 65.5 3.0 1.9

-1.1 34.1 97.4 75.2 .. .. 86.0 3.1 1.7

-7.7 55.7 140.0 108.5 6.8 3.4 165.1

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

57.4 .. .. 10.3 4.3

.. .. .. 105.0 33.9

93.4 9,518

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2011

1,117 547 8.1 37,990 2.0 1.5 25.0 15.9 73.5 23.6 23.9

18 6 37.9 2.1 38.6 14.3

3.8

111.2 72.3

31


Bahrain

High income Highincome group 2009

Country data 2000 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2009

0.65 0.30 5.5 10,740 4.3 .. .. .. .. -0.7 0.4 89.4 64.4

0.79 0.37 .. 25,420 6.6 .. .. .. .. 2.8 0.4 96.8 74.3

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

28 9 7 4.0 2.5 15.0 0.0 .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

.. 4.6 13.5 ..

.. 1.2 31.9 ..

.. 2.0 18.0 ..

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

8.5 29.3 56.8 67.1 .. .. 46.1 -2.4 5.8

6.4 14.7 95.2 87.2 .. .. 79.6 -3.0 6.4

-7.7 55.7 140.0 108.5 6.8 3.4 165.1

77.6 8,831 .. 31.6 6.2

81.5 13,144 .. 199.4 82.0

93.4 9,518

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

32

2011

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

1,117 547 8.1 37,990 2.0 1.5 25.0 15.9 73.5 23.6 23.9

18 6 37.9 2.1 38.6 14.3

3.8

111.2 72.3


Bangladesh

South Asia

Low income

Country data 2000 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2009

140.8 62.8 3.3 350 5.2 25.5 25.3 15.2 49.2 2.2 52.1 14.0 19.2

162.2 78.6 4.3 580 5.9 18.7 28.7 17.9 52.6 5.4 69.0 19.4 26.6

Lowincome group 2009 846 384 .. 509 5.4 26.1 24.4 12.4 49.5 23.2 35.9

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

107 19 7 104.0 4.0 35.0 25.7 .. ..

3.7 85.8 56.5 79.6 ..

3.2 54.4 24.7 50.3 7.8

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

93 0.6 23.0 15.6

437 0.8 24.4 19.7

4,779 2.7 22.9 15.8

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

-0.7 36.2 32.4 29.8 3.5 34.9 24.7 13.4 6.9

-1.7 36.2 58.2 48.1 6.5 11.2 41.5 7.6 6.4

-1.4 .. 31.8 30.6 .. .. 26.3

9.5 95 .. 0.2 0.1

9.5 208 101.6 31.1 0.4

12.0 231

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2011

41 8 71.0 3.7 76.5 24.8

11.5

26.6 2.7

33


Barbados

High income Highincome group 2009

Country data 2000 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2009

0.25 0.14 9.3 9,670 3.7 4.3 16.3 6.4 79.4 2.4 2.0 50.5 57.0

0.26 0.15 8.1 .. .. 3.8 18.4 7.3 77.9 3.6 2.0 60.6 64.6

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

.. 0.8 18.4 16.2

.. 8.3 22.4 24.0

.. 2.0 18.0 ..

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

.. .. 68.7 63.1 .. .. 57.3 9.4 5.2

-5.6 92.7 114.1 130.3 .. .. 102.9 .. 6.3

-7.7 55.7 140.0 108.5 6.8 3.4 165.1

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

98.6 .. .. 11.3 4.0

100.0 .. .. 131.7 56.1

93.4 9,518

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

34

2011

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

1,117 547 8.1 37,990 2.0 1.5 25.0 15.9 73.5 23.6 23.9

18 6 37.9 2.1 38.6 14.3

3.8

111.2 72.3


Europe & Central Asia

Belarus

Upper middle income Country data 2000

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2009

10.0 9.7 4.8 5.0 .. .. 1,380 5,560 6.7 8.4 14.2 9.6 39.2 42.5 31.6 30.0 46.7 47.9 168.6 12.9 876.8 2,789.5 69.2 50.7 72.4 62.1

Upper middleincome group 2009 1,002 458 9.1 7,502 4.4 6.2 31.5 16.7 62.4 25.4 24.2

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

68 5 5 22.0 5.8 80.4 22.0 5.5 0.8

6.2 34.5 11.4 14.7 10.6

13.6 6.4 35.8 15.2 13.9

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

39 0.9 25.2 22.7

833 3.8 36.9 28.6

64,899 2.4 20.7 15.6

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

0.1 15.0 18.2 14.9 15.1 10.8 8.9 -41.2 30.1

0.2 18.1 44.3 24.0 16.6 4.2 37.3 7.5 1.0

-0.6 .. 60.6 47.4 9.7 4.2 47.8

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

95.6 2,989 .. 0.5 1.9

88.6 3,427 1.4 100.2 45.9

36.8 3,001

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2011

43 8 40.1 2.9 43.0 18.0

5.5

100.6 34.6

35


Belgium

High income Highincome group 2009

Country data 2000 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2009

10.3 4.4 6.6 25,400 2.9 1.4 27.0 19.3 71.6 2.5 36.3 78.2 75.3

10.8 4.8 7.9 45,270 1.7 0.7 21.7 14.0 77.6 -0.1 .. 73.0 70.2

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

25 4 3 16.0 0.9 57.0 4.8 29.5 4.3

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

.. 92.5 21.1 ..

.. -8.2 21.3 ..

.. 2.0 18.0 ..

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

0.0 106.8 125.2 82.4 2.8 2.8 77.9 5.9 4.4

-5.1 92.4 118.6 105.6 4.5 2.7 97.9 7.1 5.2

-7.7 55.7 140.0 108.5 6.8 3.4 165.1

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

78.2 8,247 .. 54.9 29.3

78.2 8,523 .. 115.1 75.2

93.4 9,518

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

36

2011

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

1,117 547 8.1 37,990 2.0 1.5 25.0 15.9 73.5 23.6 23.9

18 6 37.9 2.1 38.6 14.3

3.8

111.2 72.3


Belize Latin America & Caribbean

Lower middle income Lower middleincome group 2009

Country data 2000 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2009

0.25 0.09 9.1 3,110 5.8 16.7 21.2 10.9 62.1 0.6 2.0 53.0 73.7

0.33 0.14 8.2 3,740 4.2 12.2 22.8 14.3 65.1 -1.1 2.0 62.1 70.0

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

99 44 9 24.0 1.0 33.2 24.7 0.5 3.0

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

18 2.8 28.7 ..

22 7.0 25.5 ..

41,477 2.0 34.9 19.9

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

-2.9 .. 46.7 48.0 .. .. 40.8 15.5 8.3

.. .. 69.6 71.6 .. .. 65.9 14.5 5.7

-2.3 .. 107.6 54.9 10.0 5.1 92.9

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

17.0 .. .. 6.7 6.0

.. .. .. 48.6 10.8

36.3 1,318

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2011

3,811 1,787 5.3 2,321 8.5 13.3 38.9 25.8 47.7 28.9 28.3

35 8 57.7 3.3 40.2 16.3

7.3

57.8 17.2

37


Benin

Sub-Saharan Africa

Low income Country data 2000

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2009

Lowincome group 2009

6.7 2.7 0.7 360 5.3 36.5 13.9 8.8 49.6 4.2 712.0 15.2 28.1

8.9 3.7 .. 750 4.0 32.2 13.4 7.5 54.4 2.2 472.2 13.8 28.2

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

170 31 7 36.0 4.0 66.0 14.8 .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

20.7 26.8 4.2 86.8 7.3

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

90 2.6 18.9 11.3

127 1.4 25.0 15.4

4,779 2.7 22.9 15.8

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

0.7 .. 13.1 15.6 .. .. 12.1 .. ..

-4.5 .. 20.2 21.8 .. .. 22.2 .. ..

-1.4 .. 31.8 30.6 .. .. 26.3

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

20.0 60 .. 0.8 0.2

9.5 76 13.9 56.3 2.2

12.0 231

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

38

2011

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

846 384 .. 509 5.4 26.1 24.4 12.4 49.5 23.2 35.9

41 8 71.0 3.7 76.5 24.8

11.5

26.6 2.7


Bermuda

High income Highincome group 2009

Country data 2000 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2009

0.06 .. 2.7 .. 3.6 0.7 9.2 .. 90.1 .. 1.0 .. ..

0.06 .. .. .. 3.2 0.8 7.5 .. 91.7 .. 1.0 26.3 36.1

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

.. .. .. ..

.. .. .. ..

.. 2.0 18.0 ..

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

-7.7 55.7 140.0 108.5 6.8 3.4 165.1

.. .. .. 20.9 43.5

.. .. .. 132.0 83.9

93.4 9,518

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2011

1,117 547 8.1 37,990 2.0 1.5 25.0 15.9 73.5 23.6 23.9

18 6 37.9 2.1 38.6 14.3

3.8

111.2 72.3

39


Bhutan South Asia

Lower middle income Country data 2000

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2009

Lower middleincome group 2009

0.56 0.18 .. 730 6.2 28.4 35.3 8.5 36.3 4.0 44.9 30.5 51.3

0.70 0.30 3.7 2,020 8.8 17.6 45.0 6.4 37.4 4.4 48.4 58.0 48.3

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

142 46 8 10.0 .. 40.6 35.0 0.0 0.0

.. .. .. .. ..

16.0 2.5 64.2 14.8 5.4

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

.. .. 50.6 38.6

201 2.8 53.6 43.6

41,477 2.0 34.9 19.9

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

-2.5 40.2 11.6 47.0 .. .. 9.1 10.8 7.8

0.5 56.2 37.8 69.3 .. .. 32.1 9.3 9.5

-2.3 .. 107.6 54.9 10.0 5.1 92.9

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

60.7 .. .. 0.0 0.4

62.0 .. 3.1 46.9 7.2

36.3 1,318

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

40

2011

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

3,811 1,787 5.3 2,321 8.5 13.3 38.9 25.8 47.7 28.9 28.3

35 8 57.7 3.3 40.2 16.3

7.3

57.8 17.2


Latin America & Caribbean

Bolivia

Lower middle income Country data 2000

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2009

Lower middleincome group 2009

8.3 3.6 4.8 1,000 3.5 15.0 29.8 15.3 55.2 4.6 6.2 18.3 27.3

9.9 4.5 5.2 1,630 4.1 13.8 36.2 14.4 49.9 3.3 7.0 35.7 32.9

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

149 50 15 ..a 1.8 80.0 0.0 2.5 0.4

.. .. .. .. ..

13.5 19.6 22.2 15.2 13.8

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

323 8.8 17.9 12.8

37 2.4 16.5 6.6

41,477 2.0 34.9 19.9

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

-8.7 .. 61.0 46.1 9.8 10.3 58.7 27.9 23.6

1.2 .. 33.5 38.8 8.7 3.5 37.0 15.1 8.9

-2.3 .. 107.6 54.9 10.0 5.1 92.9

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

6.6 421 .. 7.0 1.4

7.0 561 0.8 72.5 11.2

36.3 1,318

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2011

3,811 1,787 5.3 2,321 8.5 13.3 38.9 25.8 47.7 28.9 28.3

35 8 57.7 3.3 40.2 16.3

7.3

57.8 17.2

41


Bosnia and Herzegovina Europe & Central Asia

Upper middle income Country data 2000

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2009

3.7 1.8 .. 1,510 25.2 10.6 23.0 10.1 66.4 .. 2.1 28.7 75.5

3.8 1.9 23.9 4,700 5.0 8.0 28.1 12.9 63.9 -0.4 1.4 33.4 58.0

Upper middleincome group 2009 1,002 458 9.1 7,502 4.4 6.2 31.5 16.7 62.4 25.4 24.2

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

110 55 12 31.0 3.3 23.0 5.3 1.9 0.6

7.8 65.2 25.8 4.3 13.9

11.2 1.5 59.7 50.2 30.1

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

.. 2.7 20.6 10.0

64 1.4 19.7 13.3

64,899 2.4 20.7 15.6

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

.. .. 40.9 6.8 20.1 9.9 37.4 1.3 15.8

-4.3 .. 50.8 13.6 15.2 5.9 57.3 7.9 4.3

-0.6 .. 60.6 47.4 9.7 4.2 47.8

52.3 2,062 .. 2.5 1.1

52.3 2,467 3.2 86.5 37.7

36.8 3,001

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

42

2011

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

43 8 40.1 2.9 43.0 18.0

5.5

100.6 34.6


Sub-Saharan Africa

Botswana Upper middle income Country data 2000

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2009

Upper middleincome group 2009

1.7 0.80 15.8 3,180 7.8 2.7 52.6 4.5 44.7 8.6 5.1 53.3 41.2

1.9 1.00 17.6 6,260 4.4 3.1 39.6 4.2 57.3 8.0 7.2 33.6 44.6

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

52 61 10 90.0 1.7 19.5 15.9 .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

5.0 4.5 11.3 25.5 12.7

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

17 1.0 25.8 14.7

86 2.1 28.2 8.9

64,899 2.4 20.7 15.6

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

.. .. 16.7 23.4 10.3 1.7 15.1 15.4 6.1

.. .. 26.9 44.7 .. .. 25.5 20.6 6.3

-0.6 .. 60.6 47.4 9.7 4.2 47.8

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

35.3 924 .. 12.9 2.9

32.6 1,503 1.7 96.1 6.2

36.8 3,001

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2011

1,002 458 9.1 7,502 4.4 6.2 31.5 16.7 62.4 25.4 24.2

43 8 40.1 2.9 43.0 18.0

5.5

100.6 34.6

43


Brazil

Latin America & Caribbean

Upper middle income Country data 2000

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2009

Upper middleincome group 2009

174.2 83.4 9.3 3,870 1.7 5.6 27.7 17.2 66.7 7.0 1.8 10.0 11.7

193.7 101.5 8.3 8,070 3.6 6.1 25.4 15.8 68.5 4.9 2.0 11.1 11.2

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

127 120 15 46.0 4.0 69.0 21.4 315.6 2.4

.. .. .. .. ..

18.7 16.4 48.4 36.8 25.7

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

21,032 5.1 16.8 ..

39,176 1.6 16.9 14.4

64,899 2.4 20.7 15.6

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

-1.8 .. 66.9 44.3 12.1 8.3 31.7 47.7 39.6

-3.5 61.0 89.4 66.4 9.5 4.2 54.0 36.8 35.4

-0.6 .. 60.6 47.4 9.7 4.2 47.8

5.5 1,894 .. 13.3 2.9

.. 2,232 2.7 89.8 39.2

36.8 3,001

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

44

2011

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

1,002 458 9.1 7,502 4.4 6.2 31.5 16.7 62.4 25.4 24.2

43 8 40.1 2.9 43.0 18.0

5.5

100.6 34.6


Brunei Darussalam

High income Highincome group 2009

Country data 2000 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2009

0.33 0.15 .. 14,670 1.0 1.0 63.7 15.4 35.3 1.6 1.7 67.4 35.8

0.40 0.20 .. 27,050 2.1 0.7 71.0 10.4 28.3 1.0 1.5 67.7 27.8

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

112 105 15 4.0 2.5 29.8 24.2 .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

.. 1.1 13.0 ..

.. 0.8 13.0 ..

.. 2.0 18.0 ..

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

.. .. 69.9 111.3 .. .. 50.3 -18.2 ..

.. .. 33.8 71.8 .. .. 37.4 4.5 4.8

-7.7 55.7 140.0 108.5 6.8 3.4 165.1

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

34.7 7,539 .. 28.5 9.0

77.2 8,308 .. 106.7 79.8

93.4 9,518

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2011

1,117 547 8.1 37,990 2.0 1.5 25.0 15.9 73.5 23.6 23.9

18 6 37.9 2.1 38.6 14.3

3.8

111.2 72.3

45


Bulgaria

Europe & Central Asia

Upper middle income Country data 2000

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2009

8.1 3.6 16.2 1,640 0.7 13.6 25.9 17.6 60.6 10.3 2.1 50.5 55.8

7.6 3.6 6.8 6,060 5.4 5.6 30.3 15.4 64.1 2.8 1.4 47.8 55.8

Upper middleincome group 2009 1,002 458 9.1 7,502 4.4 6.2 31.5 16.7 62.4 25.4 24.2

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

51 18 4 9.0 3.3 29.0 4.6 35.5 7.2

2.6 53.4 19.2 5.0 14.7

10.6 6.6 34.7 44.8 19.9

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

157 7.8 15.8 11.8

810 9.4 24.4 19.4

64,899 2.4 20.7 15.6

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

-0.4 .. 15.5 22.7 15.3 17.3 12.3 4.4 8.2

-0.1 .. 78.5 57.5 10.8 6.4 75.6 7.0 5.2

-0.6 .. 60.6 47.4 9.7 4.2 47.8

92.1 3,724 .. 9.2 5.3

98.4 4,594 3.7 140.0 44.8

36.8 3,001

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

46

2011

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

43 8 40.1 2.9 43.0 18.0

5.5

100.6 34.6


Sub-Saharan Africa

Burkina Faso

Low income

Country data 2000 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2009

Lowincome group 2009

11.7 5.2 2.4 250 6.8 29.0 24.4 16.2 46.6 -0.3 712.0 9.1 25.2

15.8 7.1 .. 510 5.4 33.3 22.4 13.6 44.4 2.6 472.2 11.5 26.8

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

151 14 4 34.0 4.0 44.9 16.1 0.6 0.1

.. .. .. .. ..

22.2 6.7 25.6 23.1 14.4

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

27 0.9 18.7 11.0

193 2.1 20.8 11.1

4,779 2.7 22.9 15.8

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

-3.6 .. 12.9 13.1 .. .. 11.7 .. ..

-4.8 .. 17.4 16.3 .. .. 17.5 .. ..

-1.4 .. 31.8 30.6 .. .. 26.3

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

16.0 .. .. 0.2 0.1

4.2 .. 10.8 20.9 1.1

12.0 231

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2011

846 384 .. 509 5.4 26.1 24.4 12.4 49.5 23.2 35.9

41 8 71.0 3.7 76.5 24.8

11.5

26.6 2.7

47


Burundi

Sub-Saharan Africa

Low income Country data 2000

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

2009

6.5 8.3 3.1 4.6 .. .. 120 150 -0.7 3.0 40.4 34.8 18.8 20.0 8.7 8.8 40.8 45.1 24.3 11.0 720.7 1,230.2 7.8 10.7 19.9 47.0

Lowincome group 2009 846 384 .. 509 5.4 26.1 24.4 12.4 49.5 23.2 35.9

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

181 32 11 26.0 .. 153.4 19.4 .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

5.7 22.6 12.3 24.1 7.1

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

36 1.6 6.1 0.8

6 0.0 16.4 1.7

4,779 2.7 22.9 15.8

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

-2.4 162.6 20.4 14.5 .. .. 25.0 2.3 ..

.. .. 24.2 31.5 .. .. 21.7 0.4 ..

-1.4 .. 31.8 30.6 .. .. 26.3

7.1 .. .. 0.3 0.1

10.4 .. 12.0 10.1 0.8

12.0 231

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

48

2011

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

41 8 71.0 3.7 76.5 24.8

11.5

26.6 2.7


East Asia & Pacific

Cambodia Low income

Country data 2000

2009

Economic and social context 12.8 14.8 Population (millions) 5.9 7.8 Labor force (millions) 2.5 .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force) 280 650 GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) 7.3 9.0 GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) 37.8 35.3 Agriculture value added (% of GDP) 23.0 22.6 Industry value added (% of GDP) 16.9 15.0 Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) 39.1 42.0 Services value added (% of GDP) -0.8 -0.7 Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) 3,840.8 4,139.3 Exchange rate (local currency units per $) 49.8 59.6 Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) 61.8 62.7 Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

Lowincome group 2009 846 384 .. 509 5.4 26.1 24.4 12.4 49.5 23.2 35.9

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

147 85 9 39.0 .. 22.5 18.9 2.0 0.2

.. .. .. .. ..

5.6 60.3 11.3 15.5 2.8

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

2 4.1 18.3 11.9

231 5.1 20.0 11.3

4,779 2.7 22.9 15.8

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

-3.4 .. 6.4 9.5 .. .. 6.4 .. ..

-2.3 .. 17.5 26.5 .. .. 24.5 .. ..

-1.4 .. 31.8 30.6 .. .. 26.3

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

7.5 29 .. 1.0 0.0

6.3 113 27.0 37.8 0.5

12.0 231

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2011

41 8 71.0 3.7 76.5 24.8

11.5

26.6 2.7

49


Cameroon Sub-Saharan Africa

Lower middle income Country data 2000

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2009

Lower middleincome group 2009

15.9 6.0 7.5 620 4.8 22.1 36.0 20.8 41.8 1.2 712.0 23.3 19.7

19.5 7.7 2.9 1,190 3.3 19.5 30.6 16.5 49.9 3.0 472.2 26.6 30.9

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

168 19 6 33.0 3.2 49.1 29.9 .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

7.0 30.8 31.4 17.6 20.4

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

95 1.6 16.0 13.9

278 1.5 17.1 12.4

41,477 2.0 34.9 19.9

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

0.1 91.7 12.1 11.1 .. .. 8.2 18.6 17.0

.. .. 11.5 14.6 .. .. 11.3 12.7 10.8

-2.3 .. 107.6 54.9 10.0 5.1 92.9

8.1 171 .. 0.7 0.3

8.4 263 10.5 37.9 3.8

36.3 1,318

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

50

2011

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

3,811 1,787 5.3 2,321 8.5 13.3 38.9 25.8 47.7 28.9 28.3

35 8 57.7 3.3 40.2 16.3

7.3

57.8 17.2


Canada

High income

Highincome group 2009

Country data 2000 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2009

30.8 16.3 6.8 22,130 4.3 2.3 33.2 19.2 64.5 2.7 1.5 45.6 39.8

33.7 19.1 8.3 41,980 2.1 1.6 31.8 14.0 66.5 0.3 1.1 28.7 30.4

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

7 5 1 28.0 0.8 29.2 9.8 174.0 7.6

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

.. 9.1 19.2 ..

.. 1.5 21.5 ..

.. 2.0 18.0 ..

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

2.2 56.7 85.8 70.1 4.7 1.3 95.7 3.0 3.8

-1.9 53.2 176.7 123.0 5.7 1.3 128.6 4.6 2.3

-7.7 55.7 140.0 108.5 6.8 3.4 165.1

.. 16,991 .. 28.4 42.2

39.9 17,061 .. 68.4 77.7

93.4 9,518

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2011

1,117 547 8.1 37,990 2.0 1.5 25.0 15.9 73.5 23.6 23.9

18 6 37.9 2.1 38.6 14.3

3.8

111.2 72.3

51


Cape Verde Sub-Saharan Africa

Lower middle income Country data 2000

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2009

Lower middleincome group 2009

0.44 0.16 .. 1,310 6.6 12.0 17.9 9.3 70.2 -2.5 119.7 27.5 61.4

0.51 0.21 .. 3,010 6.4 9.2 20.1 6.7 70.7 1.0 79.4 23.6 65.4

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

132 11 8 93.0 .. 37.1 17.8 .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

4.3 1.1 35.3 30.5 15.9

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

.. 6.3 19.7 7.2

23 7.7 53.8 42.7

41,477 2.0 34.9 19.9

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

.. .. 51.3 54.4 .. .. 40.7 13.3 7.6

-3.8 .. 60.8 73.6 .. .. 64.0 6.9 8.1

-2.3 .. 107.6 54.9 10.0 5.1 92.9

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

69.0 .. .. 4.5 1.8

.. .. 4.9 77.5 29.7

36.3 1,318

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

52

2011

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

3,811 1,787 5.3 2,321 8.5 13.3 38.9 25.8 47.7 28.9 28.3

35 8 57.7 3.3 40.2 16.3

7.3

57.8 17.2


Cayman Islands High income

Highincome group 2009

Country data 2000 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2009

0.04 .. 7.5 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.8 .. ..

0.05 .. 4.0 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.8 .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

.. .. .. ..

.. .. .. ..

.. 2.0 18.0 ..

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

-7.7 55.7 140.0 108.5 6.8 3.4 165.1

.. .. .. 26.6 ..

.. .. .. 84.0 43.7

93.4 9,518

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2011

1,117 547 8.1 37,990 2.0 1.5 25.0 15.9 73.5 23.6 23.9

18 6 37.9 2.1 38.6 14.3

3.8

111.2 72.3

53


Central African Republic Sub-Saharan Africa

Low income Lowincome group 2009

Country data 2000 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2009

3.7 1.7 .. 270 3.0 53.1 15.8 7.0 31.0 3.2 712.0 19.8 24.1

4.4 2.1 .. 450 0.8 55.5 14.6 7.6 29.9 3.5 472.2 14.5 22.4

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

182 22 8 22.0 4.8 203.8 176.8 .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

.. 0.1 9.5 4.8

6 2.1 10.6 6.9

4,779 2.7 22.9 15.8

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

.. .. 7.6 3.4 .. .. 4.5 18.3 17.0

-0.5 .. 8.9 5.4 .. .. 7.0 12.2 10.8

-1.4 .. 31.8 30.6 .. .. 26.3

2.7 .. .. 0.1 0.1

.. .. .. 3.8 0.5

12.0 231

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

54

2011

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

846 384 .. 509 5.4 26.1 24.4 12.4 49.5 23.2 35.9

41 8 71.0 3.7 76.5 24.8

11.5

26.6 2.7


Chad

Sub-Saharan Africa

Low income Country data 2000

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2009

Lowincome group 2009

8.4 3.3 .. 180 3.1 42.3 11.3 8.9 46.3 3.8 712.0 16.9 34.7

11.2 4.3 .. 600 10.2 13.6 48.8 6.6 37.5 10.0 472.2 42.1 70.1

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

183 75 13 36.0 .. 65.4 31.3 .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

20.8 21.2 4.2 10.6 43.3

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

5 8.3 20.9 10.5

68 6.8 32.7 21.8

4,779 2.7 22.9 15.8

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

.. .. 5.7 3.9 .. .. 3.5 15.9 17.0

.. .. 7.0 5.9 .. .. 5.2 9.4 10.8

-1.4 .. 31.8 30.6 .. .. 26.3

0.8 .. .. 0.1 0.0

.. .. 22.6 24.0 1.7

12.0 231

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2011

846 384 .. 509 5.4 26.1 24.4 12.4 49.5 23.2 35.9

41 8 71.0 3.7 76.5 24.8

11.5

26.6 2.7

55


Channel Islands

High income Highincome group 2009

Country data 2000 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2009

0.15 .. .. 43,020 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

0.15 .. .. 68,610 0.5 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

.. .. .. ..

.. .. .. ..

.. 2.0 18.0 ..

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

-7.7 55.7 140.0 108.5 6.8 3.4 165.1

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

93.4 9,518

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

56

2011

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

1,117 547 8.1 37,990 2.0 1.5 25.0 15.9 73.5 23.6 23.9

18 6 37.9 2.1 38.6 14.3

3.8

111.2 72.3


Latin America & Caribbean

Chile

Upper middle income Country data 2000

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2009

Upper middleincome group 2009

15.4 6.1 9.2 4,840 3.8 6.1 38.4 19.5 55.5 .. 539.6 31.6 29.7

17.0 7.5 9.7 9,470 4.1 3.3 42.1 12.7 54.6 .. 560.9 38.1 30.4

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

43 22 8 52.0 4.5 25.0 18.0 23.5 2.1

.. .. .. .. ..

9.0 7.6 29.1 22.9 22.0

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

2,051 6.5 20.7 ..

2,331 7.8 21.4 18.2

64,899 2.4 20.7 15.6

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

-0.7 .. 64.7 50.9 7.5 1.7 73.6 9.8 5.6

-4.5 .. 79.6 55.2 7.4 3.0 97.5 2.9 5.2

-0.6 .. 60.6 47.4 9.7 4.2 47.8

18.4 2,487 .. 22.1 16.6

.. 3,319 1.7 96.9 34.0

36.8 3,001

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2011

1,002 458 9.1 7,502 4.4 6.2 31.5 16.7 62.4 25.4 24.2

43 8 40.1 2.9 43.0 18.0

5.5

100.6 34.6

57


China

East Asia & Pacific

Lower middle income Country data 2000

2009

Economic and social context 1,262.6 1,331.5 Population (millions) 726.0 783.2 Labor force (millions) 3.1 4.3 Unemployment rate (% of labor force) 930 3,650 GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) 8.5 10.9 GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) 15.1 10.3 Agriculture value added (% of GDP) 45.9 46.3 Industry value added (% of GDP) 32.1 33.9 Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) 39.0 43.4 Services value added (% of GDP) 0.3 -0.7 Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) 8.3 6.8 Exchange rate (local currency units per $) 23.3 26.7 Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) 20.9 22.3 Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

Lower middleincome group 2009 3,811 1,787 5.3 2,321 8.5 13.3 38.9 25.8 47.7 28.9 28.3

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

79 38 14 91.0 1.7 63.5 6.0 .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

18.3 38.7 28.8 27.8 35.9

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

8,131 3.2 34.1 7.5

6,120 1.6 45.6 19.8

41,477 2.0 34.9 19.9

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

-2.6 11.6 120.2 39.0 4.1 22.4 112.3 3.7 3.6

-2.1 .. 138.3 53.7 5.6 1.6 127.3 6.0 3.1

-2.3 .. 107.6 54.9 10.0 5.1 92.9

.. 993 .. 6.8 1.8

53.5 2,455 .. 56.1 28.8

36.3 1,318

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

58

2011

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

35 8 57.7 3.3 40.2 16.3

7.3

57.8 17.2


Colombia Latin America & Caribbean

Upper middle income Country data 2000

2009

Economic and social context 39.8 45.7 Population (millions) 15.1 19.0 Labor force (millions) 16.6 12.0 Unemployment rate (% of labor force) 2,350 4,990 GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) 0.8 4.5 GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) 8.9 7.5 Agriculture value added (% of GDP) 29.5 34.4 Industry value added (% of GDP) 15.5 14.3 Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) 61.6 58.1 Services value added (% of GDP) 9.2 4.2 Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) 2,087.9 2,166.8 Exchange rate (local currency units per $) 16.4 16.3 Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) 16.7 18.3 Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

Upper middleincome group 2009 1,002 458 9.1 7,502 4.4 6.2 31.5 16.7 62.4 25.4 24.2

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

39 14 9 59.0 3.0 78.7 17.7 31.1 1.1

.. .. .. .. ..

14.3 1.1 30.6 26.4 5.9

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

1,032 2.4 14.3 ..

1,042 3.1 20.5 ..

64,899 2.4 20.7 15.6

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

-5.8 .. 27.1 22.4 11.2 11.0 20.9 -10.3 6.6

-4.0 59.3 37.2 18.1 13.6 4.1 29.9 7.7 6.9

-0.6 .. 60.6 47.4 9.7 4.2 47.8

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

14.4 844 .. 5.7 2.2

.. 974 1.0 92.3 45.5

36.8 3,001

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2011

43 8 40.1 2.9 43.0 18.0

5.5

100.6 34.6

59


Comoros Sub-Saharan Africa

Low income Lowincome group 2009

Country data 2000 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2009

0.54 0.25 .. 400 1.7 48.6 11.5 4.5 39.9 .. 534.0 16.7 32.5

0.66 0.32 .. 810 1.9 46.3 12.1 4.3 38.0 .. 354.1 14.7 48.2

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

159 24 11 100.0 .. 217.9 31.4 .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

.. 0.0 10.1 6.2

0.5 1.7 12.4 7.7

4,779 2.7 22.9 15.8

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

.. .. 9.0 5.9 .. .. 11.9 8.3 9.0

.. .. 16.1 23.2 .. .. 16.0 5.7 8.6

-1.4 .. 31.8 30.6 .. .. 26.3

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

76.5 .. .. 0.0 0.3

.. .. .. 15.2 3.7

12.0 231

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

60

2011

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

846 384 .. 509 5.4 26.1 24.4 12.4 49.5 23.2 35.9

41 8 71.0 3.7 76.5 24.8

11.5

26.6 2.7


Sub-Saharan Africa

Congo, Dem. Rep. Low income

Country data 2000 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2009

Lowincome group 2009

50.8 18.6 .. 80 -3.8 50.0 20.3 4.8 29.7 513.9 21.8 22.4 21.4

66.0 24.9 .. 160 5.2 42.9 24.0 5.5 33.0 17.3 809.8 9.6 21.7

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

175 84 10 31.0 5.2 339.7 58.9 .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

29.4 54.4 6.7 48.0 8.5

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

41 1.7 3.5 3.0

151 9.0 29.8 6.1

4,779 2.7 22.9 15.8

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

-4.0 152.2 3.8 9.2 .. .. 0.7 .. ..

.. .. 7.3 11.3 .. .. 7.5 27.0 49.5

-1.4 .. 31.8 30.6 .. .. 26.3

.. 89 .. 0.0 0.0

1.8 95 21.8 15.4 0.6

12.0 231

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2011

846 384 .. 509 5.4 26.1 24.4 12.4 49.5 23.2 35.9

41 8 71.0 3.7 76.5 24.8

11.5

26.6 2.7

61


Congo, Rep. Sub-Saharan Africa

Lower middle income Country data 2000

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2009

Lower middleincome group 2009

3.0 1.3 .. 580 1.9 5.3 72.2 3.5 22.5 -0.9 712.0 80.3 43.6

3.7 1.6 .. 2,080 4.0 4.5 71.1 4.5 24.4 5.0 472.2 71.9 50.9

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

177 160 10 33.0 3.3 65.5 0.0 .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

6.0 37.1 7.7 8.5 19.6

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

35 5.2 20.9 14.0

110 21.7 24.3 13.5

41,477 2.0 34.9 19.9

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

1.9 283.7 6.4 8.6 .. .. 4.8 -17.0 17.0

19.5 .. 3.6 10.2 .. .. 4.8 14.4 10.8

-2.3 .. 107.6 54.9 10.0 5.1 92.9

9.7 99 .. 2.3 0.0

7.1 150 25.3 58.9 6.7

36.3 1,318

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

62

2011

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

3,811 1,787 5.3 2,321 8.5 13.3 38.9 25.8 47.7 28.9 28.3

35 8 57.7 3.3 40.2 16.3

7.3

57.8 17.2


Latin America & Caribbean

Costa Rica Upper middle income Country data 2000

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2009

Upper middleincome group 2009

3.9 1.6 5.2 3,700 5.7 9.5 32.1 25.3 58.5 11.0 308.2 48.6 45.8

4.6 2.1 4.9 6,260 5.1 7.1 27.2 19.0 65.7 7.8 573.3 43.3 42.1

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

125 60 12 29.0 3.5 55.0 18.9 26.8 8.8

.. .. .. .. ..

9.6 0.0 14.9 48.6 10.5

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

161 2.6 17.8 16.3

110 4.6 26.7 24.6

64,899 2.4 20.7 15.6

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

.. .. 27.8 14.1 10.8 3.5 24.0 16.7 11.5

-3.4 .. 54.4 23.0 13.9 2.0 49.4 9.9 12.8

-0.6 .. 60.6 47.4 9.7 4.2 47.8

22.0 1,519 .. 5.4 5.8

25.3 1,866 .. 42.6 34.5

36.8 3,001

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2011

1,002 458 9.1 7,502 4.4 6.2 31.5 16.7 62.4 25.4 24.2

43 8 40.1 2.9 43.0 18.0

5.5

100.6 34.6

63


Côte d’Ivoire Sub-Saharan Africa

Lower middle income Country data 2000

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2009

Lower middleincome group 2009

17.3 6.7 4.1 620 3.4 24.2 24.9 21.7 50.9 2.5 712.0 40.4 33.3

21.1 8.4 .. 1,070 0.8 24.4 25.2 18.0 50.4 1.0 472.2 41.7 33.8

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

169 40 10 49.0 2.2 44.4 8.8 .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

1.8 13.6 13.9 20.9 4.3

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

215 2.3 11.2 8.4

318 1.6 11.2 8.3

41,477 2.0 34.9 19.9

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

.. .. 19.4 13.5 .. .. 15.5 .. ..

0.9 96.4 19.3 17.4 .. .. 17.1 .. ..

-2.3 .. 107.6 54.9 10.0 5.1 92.9

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

9.7 166 .. 2.7 0.2

7.9 186 3.8 63.3 4.6

36.3 1,318

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

64

2011

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

3,811 1,787 5.3 2,321 8.5 13.3 38.9 25.8 47.7 28.9 28.3

35 8 57.7 3.3 40.2 16.3

7.3

57.8 17.2


Croatia

High income Country data 2000

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2009

4.4 2.0 16.1 5,200 3.1 6.5 28.5 20.3 65.0 4.6 8.3 41.7 45.0

4.4 2.0 9.1 13,770 3.9 6.7 27.1 16.0 66.1 2.4 5.3 36.1 39.4

Highincome group 2009 1,117 547 8.1 37,990 2.0 1.5 25.0 15.9 73.5 23.6 23.9

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

84 7 6 39.0 3.1 32.5 11.4 7.8 2.6

4.6 43.7 36.1 .. 16.3

10.9 6.0 60.0 42.6 16.5

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

746 5.2 19.0 16.2

719 4.7 24.7 22.6

.. 2.0 18.0 ..

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

-5.3 .. 44.9 37.3 11.9 9.5 32.0 7.1 8.3

-3.0 .. 77.7 62.5 13.9 7.8 66.3 8.0 8.4

-7.7 55.7 140.0 108.5 6.8 3.4 165.1

85.4 2,840 .. 23.3 6.8

86.9 3,878 1.8 136.2 50.4

93.4 9,518

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2011

18 6 37.9 2.1 38.6 14.3

3.8

111.2 72.3

65


Cuba

Latin America & Caribbean

Upper middle income Upper middleincome group 2009

Country data 2000 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2009

11.1 4.8 5.4 2,630 4.0 8.4 27.9 17.7 63.7 .. .. 14.1 16.9

11.2 5.0 1.6 5,550 6.7 5.0 20.0 9.6 74.9 .. .. 20.0 18.2

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

600 .. 11.9 ..

60 .. 9.7 ..

64,899 2.4 20.7 15.6

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

-0.6 .. 60.6 47.4 9.7 4.2 47.8

49.0 1,142 .. 0.1 0.5

.. 1,327 .. 4.0 14.3

36.8 3,001

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

66

2011

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

1,002 458 9.1 7,502 4.4 6.2 31.5 16.7 62.4 25.4 24.2

43 8 40.1 2.9 43.0 18.0

5.5

100.6 34.6


Cyprus

High income Highincome group 2009

Country data 2000 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2009

0.79 0.36 4.9 13,440 3.9 3.6 19.1 9.9 77.3 4.1 0.6 55.4 54.5

0.87 0.45 5.2 30,480 3.3 2.1 19.6 7.6 78.3 0.4 0.4 46.3 57.4

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

37 8 6 64.0 1.5 23.2 9.4 16.1 20.3

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

.. 9.2 17.0 ..

.. 23.6 22.9 ..

.. 2.0 18.0 ..

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

.. 156.3 178.1 161.3 .. .. 211.8 4.0 1.5

-5.9 97.3 295.6 241.1 .. .. 269.7 1.3 3.3

-7.7 55.7 140.0 108.5 6.8 3.4 165.1

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

60.6 4,045 .. 27.8 15.3

64.6 5,711 .. 112.2 49.8

93.4 9,518

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2011

1,117 547 8.1 37,990 2.0 1.5 25.0 15.9 73.5 23.6 23.9

18 6 37.9 2.1 38.6 14.3

3.8

111.2 72.3

67


Czech Republic

High income Country data 2000

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2009

10.3 5.1 8.8 5,800 1.0 3.9 38.1 26.8 58.0 3.9 38.6 63.4 66.4

10.5 5.2 6.7 17,310 4.1 2.3 37.2 23.2 60.5 1.0 19.1 69.5 63.8

Highincome group 2009 1,117 547 8.1 37,990 2.0 1.5 25.0 15.9 73.5 23.6 23.9

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

63 20 9 22.0 3.2 48.8 7.4 21.7 3.0

1.7 35.9 20.4 .. 16.5

10.4 0.2 33.4 50.2 43.5

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

.. 8.8 28.0 ..

.. 1.4 22.7 ..

.. 2.0 18.0 ..

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

-3.6 13.7 52.4 58.1 5.4 29.3 49.0 5.6 3.7

-6.1 31.9 65.1 63.6 6.1 4.6 55.3 3.2 4.7

-7.7 55.7 140.0 108.5 6.8 3.4 165.1

100.0 5,694 .. 42.3 9.7

100.0 6,464 2.1 135.9 63.7

93.4 9,518

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

68

2011

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

18 6 37.9 2.1 38.6 14.3

3.8

111.2 72.3


Denmark

High income Highincome group 2009

Country data 2000 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2009

5.3 2.9 4.5 31,850 2.8 2.6 26.8 16.2 70.6 2.9 8.1 46.6 40.5

5.5 3.0 6.0 59,060 1.2 0.9 22.5 13.1 76.6 1.3 5.4 47.8 44.0

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

6 6 4 .. 1.1 29.2 21.9 16.5 4.6

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

.. 22.5 20.2 ..

.. 0.9 18.1 ..

.. 2.0 18.0 ..

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

1.6 53.3 146.2 35.4 6.2 0.7 135.3 4.9 4.9

-2.1 41.0 236.0 59.4 5.7 0.3 231.6 .. ..

-7.7 55.7 140.0 108.5 6.8 3.4 165.1

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

100.0 6,485 .. 63.0 39.2

100.0 6,460 .. 133.9 85.9

93.4 9,518

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2011

1,117 547 8.1 37,990 2.0 1.5 25.0 15.9 73.5 23.6 23.9

18 6 37.9 2.1 38.6 14.3

3.8

111.2 72.3

69


Djibouti

Middle East & North Africa

Lower middle income Lower middleincome group 2009

Country data 2000 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2009

0.73 0.30 59.5 760 -0.2 3.5 15.4 2.6 81.1 1.7 177.7 35.1 50.4

0.86 0.39 .. 1,280 4.0 3.9 16.9 2.5 79.3 1.7 177.7 57.1 77.1

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

158 37 11 56.0 5.0 38.7 17.7 .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

50 0.6 8.8 6.1

396 9.2 37.5 25.2

41,477 2.0 34.9 19.9

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

.. .. 36.2 47.6 .. .. 32.1 -2.3 8.6

.. .. 32.5 78.9 .. .. 29.3 1.9 9.4

-2.3 .. 107.6 54.9 10.0 5.1 92.9

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

45.0 .. .. 0.0 0.2

.. .. .. 14.9 3.0

36.3 1,318

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

70

2011

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

3,811 1,787 5.3 2,321 8.5 13.3 38.9 25.8 47.7 28.9 28.3

35 8 57.7 3.3 40.2 16.3

7.3

57.8 17.2


Latin America & Caribbean

Dominica Upper middle income

Upper middleincome group 2009

Country data 2000 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2009

0.07 .. 11.0 3,200 2.2 18.1 23.5 8.8 58.4 0.9 2.7 53.3 67.5

0.07 .. .. 4,900 2.9 19.5 23.2 4.2 57.3 0.1 2.7 38.4 65.5

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

88 14 5 58.0 .. 37.0 25.9 0.2 3.3

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

19 6.5 28.1 8.1

5 13.3 29.5 6.9

64,899 2.4 20.7 15.6

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

.. .. 79.9 68.6 .. .. 62.0 11.0 7.8

.. .. 63.0 101.1 .. .. 63.3 8.2 6.8

-0.6 .. 60.6 47.4 9.7 4.2 47.8

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

50.4 .. .. 1.7 8.4

.. .. .. 144.0 38.0

36.8 3,001

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2011

1,002 458 9.1 7,502 4.4 6.2 31.5 16.7 62.4 25.4 24.2

43 8 40.1 2.9 43.0 18.0

5.5

100.6 34.6

71


Dominican Republic Latin America & Caribbean

Upper middle income Country data 2000

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2009

Upper middleincome group 2009

8.8 3.7 14.2 2,550 7.0 7.2 35.9 26.1 56.8 7.7 16.4 37.0 45.9

10.1 4.5 14.2 4,550 5.5 6.2 32.5 24.5 61.3 1.4 36.0 22.2 30.3

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

91 19 8 88.0 3.5 40.7 20.5 12.9 2.1

.. .. .. .. ..

8.8 17.3 12.5 30.2 9.6

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

1,076 4.0 20.5 ..

740 4.4 14.7 0.0

64,899 2.4 20.7 15.6

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

.. .. 31.1 25.5 9.4 2.6 29.0 18.6 9.1

-3.8 .. 23.6 19.6 9.1 4.0 21.3 14.7 10.3

-0.6 .. 60.6 47.4 9.7 4.2 47.8

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

49.4 709 .. 8.0 3.7

.. 1,377 .. 85.5 26.8

36.8 3,001

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

72

2011

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

1,002 458 9.1 7,502 4.4 6.2 31.5 16.7 62.4 25.4 24.2

43 8 40.1 2.9 43.0 18.0

5.5

100.6 34.6


Latin America & Caribbean

Ecuador

Lower middle income Country data 2000

2009

Economic and social context 12.3 Population (millions) 4.8 Labor force (millions) 9.0 Unemployment rate (% of labor force) 1,340 GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) 0.7 GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) .. Agriculture value added (% of GDP) .. Industry value added (% of GDP) .. Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) .. Services value added (% of GDP) 96.1 Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) 11,786.8 Exchange rate (local currency units per $) 37.1 Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) 31.0 Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

13.6 5.9 6.5 3,970 5.0 6.2 23.2 9.9 70.6 5.2 .. 37.1 48.1

Lower middleincome group 2009 3,811 1,787 5.3 2,321 8.5 13.3 38.9 25.8 47.7 28.9 28.3

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

130 56 13 135.0 5.3 35.3 18.4 .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

17.3 11.3 24.0 23.3 18.2

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

20 -0.1 20.5 15.6

259 0.6 28.2 -10.8

41,477 2.0 34.9 19.9

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

.. .. .. .. 12.9 31.0 29.9 26.0 8.3

.. .. .. .. 7.7 2.9 25.3 6.3 7.1

-2.3 .. 107.6 54.9 10.0 5.1 92.9

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

18.9 654 .. 3.9 1.5

14.8 1,137 2.5 100.1 15.1

36.3 1,318

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2011

35 8 57.7 3.3 40.2 16.3

7.3

57.8 17.2

73


Egypt, Arab Rep. Middle East & North Africa

Lower middle income Country data 2000

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2009

Lower middleincome group 2009

70.2 21.7 9.0 1,390 5.2 16.7 33.1 19.4 50.1 2.7 3.5 16.2 22.8

83.0 27.4 9.4 2,070 4.9 13.7 37.3 16.0 49.0 11.8 5.5 25.0 31.9

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

94 7 6 132.0 4.2 42.6 13.2 6.3 0.1

.. .. .. .. ..

8.8 5.3 5.6 92.4 21.1

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

864 1.2 18.9 9.1

1,791 3.6 19.0 10.9

41,477 2.0 34.9 19.9

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

-6.7 .. 77.1 67.6 5.6 13.6 52.0 7.9 3.8

-6.6 79.5 63.7 71.2 6.4 13.4 36.2 1.0 5.5

-2.3 .. 107.6 54.9 10.0 5.1 92.9

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

78.1 958 .. 1.9 0.6

86.9 1,425 1.1 66.7 20.0

36.3 1,318

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

74

2011

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

3,811 1,787 5.3 2,321 8.5 13.3 38.9 25.8 47.7 28.9 28.3

35 8 57.7 3.3 40.2 16.3

7.3

57.8 17.2


Latin America & Caribbean

El Salvador Lower middle income Country data 2000

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2009

Lower middleincome group 2009

5.9 2.3 7.0 2,110 3.3 10.5 31.6 24.7 57.9 2.3 8.8 27.4 42.4

6.2 2.5 5.9 3,370 2.6 12.5 27.5 21.4 60.1 1.1 8.8 22.3 37.8

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

86 17 8 86.0 4.0 35.0 17.0 4.4 1.2

.. .. .. .. ..

9.2 2.6 17.3 22.1 11.0

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

277 1.3 16.9 14.2

87 2.0 13.1 10.6

41,477 2.0 34.9 19.9

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

-4.7 55.3 5.5 4.9 8.8 4.3 45.2 10.5 4.6

-5.0 48.5 5.1 4.8 13.2 3.6 41.3 .. ..

-2.3 .. 107.6 54.9 10.0 5.1 92.9

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

19.8 680 .. 12.5 1.2

.. 953 2.3 122.8 14.4

36.3 1,318

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2011

3,811 1,787 5.3 2,321 8.5 13.3 38.9 25.8 47.7 28.9 28.3

35 8 57.7 3.3 40.2 16.3

7.3

57.8 17.2

75


Equatorial Guinea

High income Highincome group 2009

Country data 2000 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2009

0.53 0.19 .. 1,250 36.0 9.8 85.9 1.4 4.2 4.8 712.0 98.6 85.4

0.68 0.26 .. 12,420 16.8 3.5 91.9 18.2 4.7 6.6 472.2 74.1 41.6

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

164 136 20 133.0 .. 59.5 13.5 .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

.. 12.3 61.3 56.2

.. 15.7 36.6 16.1

.. 2.0 18.0 ..

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

.. .. 3.3 3.7 .. .. 3.0 -16.8 17.0

.. .. 2.9 6.5 .. .. 7.7 16.4 10.8

-7.7 55.7 140.0 108.5 6.8 3.4 165.1

.. .. .. 0.9 0.1

.. .. .. 65.8 2.1

93.4 9,518

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

76

2011

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

1,117 547 8.1 37,990 2.0 1.5 25.0 15.9 73.5 23.6 23.9

18 6 37.9 2.1 38.6 14.3

3.8

111.2 72.3


Eritrea

Sub-Saharan Africa

Low income

Country data 2000 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2009

Lowincome group 2009

3.7 1.4 .. 170 1.5 15.1 23.0 11.2 61.9 .. 9.6 15.1 81.8

5.1 2.2 .. 320 0.2 14.4 22.2 5.6 63.4 .. 15.4 4.5 20.3

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

180 84 13 69.0 .. 84.5 8.8 .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

0.5 0.0 11.9 .. 15.1

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

40 4.4 23.8 5.0

.. 0.0 10.6 1.2

4,779 2.7 22.9 15.8

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

.. .. .. .. .. .. 32.5 .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. 16.6 .. ..

-1.4 .. 31.8 30.6 .. .. 26.3

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

21.8 .. .. 0.0 0.1

.. .. 3.0 2.8 4.9

12.0 231

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2011

846 384 .. 509 5.4 26.1 24.4 12.4 49.5 23.2 35.9

41 8 71.0 3.7 76.5 24.8

11.5

26.6 2.7

77


Estonia

High income Country data 2000

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2009

1.4 0.66 13.1 4,220 5.8 4.8 27.5 17.7 67.6 4.0 17.0 84.6 88.2

1.3 0.70 13.7 14,060 5.9 2.9 29.1 16.7 68.0 -0.1 11.3 70.6 65.2

Highincome group 2009 1,117 547 8.1 37,990 2.0 1.5 25.0 15.9 73.5 23.6 23.9

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

17 7 5 35.0 3.0 49.6 8.0 7.2 8.1

2.4 18.5 24.2 3.5 7.5

5.5 0.0 41.5 207.2 21.2

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

.. 6.8 25.7 22.9

.. 9.2 21.8 31.0

.. 2.0 18.0 ..

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

0.2 4.3 37.4 27.8 12.6 1.0 36.1 2.4 3.7

-1.3 9.1 110.0 56.2 8.5 5.2 110.2 10.0 4.6

-7.7 55.7 140.0 108.5 6.8 3.4 165.1

20.1 4,629 .. 40.7 28.6

28.8 6,348 1.2 203.0 72.3

93.4 9,518

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

78

2011

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

18 6 37.9 2.1 38.6 14.3

3.8

111.2 72.3


Sub-Saharan Africa

Ethiopia Low income

Country data 2000 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2009

65.5 29.0 8.2 130 3.5 49.9 12.4 5.5 37.8 0.7 8.2 12.0 24.0

82.8 40.0 20.5 330 8.5 50.7 10.7 4.0 38.6 8.5 11.8 10.6 28.8

Lowincome group 2009 846 384 .. 509 5.4 26.1 24.4 12.4 49.5 23.2 35.9

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

104 9 5 40.0 3.0 31.1 26.8 1.3 0.0

2.1 .. 31.0 .. 2.3

3.8 4.4 11.0 44.2 4.2

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

.. 1.6 20.3 8.1

4 0.8 22.4 5.9

4,779 2.7 22.9 15.8

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

-4.2 84.2 27.3 28.1 .. .. 23.1 3.8 4.9

-4.5 .. 23.7 27.1 .. .. 17.8 -17.2 3.3

-1.4 .. 31.8 30.6 .. .. 26.3

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

12.0 23 .. 0.0 0.0

13.7 42 5.0 4.9 0.5

12.0 231

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2011

41 8 71.0 3.7 76.5 24.8

11.5

26.6 2.7

79


Faeroe Islands

High income Highincome group 2009

Country data 2000 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2009

0.05 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 8.1 .. ..

0.05 .. 3.2 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 5.4 .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

.. .. .. ..

.. .. .. ..

.. 2.0 18.0 ..

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

-7.7 55.7 140.0 108.5 6.8 3.4 165.1

.. .. .. 37.1 32.8

.. .. .. 117.2 77.1

93.4 9,518

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

80

2011

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

1,117 547 8.1 37,990 2.0 1.5 25.0 15.9 73.5 23.6 23.9

18 6 37.9 2.1 38.6 14.3

3.8

111.2 72.3


East Asia & Pacific

Fiji

Upper middle income Country data 2000

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2009

Upper middleincome group 2009

0.80 0.31 .. 2,260 2.2 17.1 22.3 14.0 60.6 1.1 2.1 65.2 70.3

0.85 0.34 8.6 3,840 1.4 13.2 17.9 14.0 68.8 3.7 2.0 47.1 61.7

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

62 46 8 22.0 1.8 39.3 28.9 .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

4.4 4.5 37.1 19.0 22.9

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

3 0.0 15.4 10.2

90 2.0 20.9 18.2

64,899 2.4 20.7 15.6

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

.. .. 38.4 36.8 .. .. 32.0 13.7 7.5

-2.9 .. 45.5 43.6 .. .. 49.9 7.5 7.1

-0.6 .. 60.6 47.4 9.7 4.2 47.8

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

49.2 .. .. 6.9 1.5

.. .. 1.7 75.4 13.4

36.8 3,001

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2011

1,002 458 9.1 7,502 4.4 6.2 31.5 16.7 62.4 25.4 24.2

43 8 40.1 2.9 43.0 18.0

5.5

100.6 34.6

81


Finland

High income Highincome group 2009

Country data 2000 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2009

5.2 2.7 9.7 25,430 4.9 3.5 34.7 26.5 61.8 3.4 5.3 43.6 34.5

5.3 2.7 8.2 45,940 2.5 2.7 28.2 18.2 69.2 0.0 .. 37.4 34.9

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

13 14 3 26.0 0.9 44.6 15.9 11.8 3.4

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

.. 7.5 20.0 ..

.. 0.0 19.5 ..

.. 2.0 18.0 ..

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

6.7 55.2 55.6 46.1 6.3 0.6 53.2 2.9 4.0

4.6 36.2 98.3 62.6 6.4 0.7 94.4 3.2 2.7

-7.7 55.7 140.0 108.5 6.8 3.4 165.1

62.0 15,286 .. 72.0 37.2

65.5 16,350 .. 144.2 83.9

93.4 9,518

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

82

2011

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

1,117 547 8.1 37,990 2.0 1.5 25.0 15.9 73.5 23.6 23.9

18 6 37.9 2.1 38.6 14.3

3.8

111.2 72.3


France High income Highincome group 2009

Country data 2000

2009

58.9 26.4 10.2 24,450 2.9 2.8 22.9 16.0 74.3 1.7 5.9 28.6 27.7

62.6 28.7 9.1 42,620 1.5 1.7 18.8 10.6 79.4 0.1 .. 23.0 25.0

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

26 7 5 32.0 1.9 65.8 8.2 128.9 3.1

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

.. 3.2 19.5 ..

.. 2.3 20.6 ..

.. 2.0 18.0 ..

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

-1.7 60.7 103.1 62.5 6.7 5.0 85.0 5.2 4.1

-7.3 82.8 127.4 78.6 4.5 3.6 110.3 4.9 4.4

-7.7 55.7 140.0 108.5 6.8 3.4 165.1

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

100.0 7,485 .. 49.3 14.4

100.0 7,931 .. 95.1 71.3

93.4 9,518

Economic and social context Population (millions) a Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

1,117 547 8.1 37,990 2.0 1.5 25.0 15.9 73.5 23.6 23.9

18 6 37.9 2.1 38.6 14.3

3.8

111.2 72.3

a. Excludes the French overseas departments of French Guiana, Guadeloupe, Martinique, and Reunion. The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2011

83


French Polynesia

High income Highincome group 2009

Country data 2000 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2009

0.24 0.10 11.7 16,080 3.5 4.7 .. .. .. .. 129.5 4.9 24.2

0.27 0.11 11.7 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 87.2 .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

.. .. .. ..

.. .. .. ..

.. 2.0 18.0 ..

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

-7.7 55.7 140.0 108.5 6.8 3.4 165.1

.. .. .. 16.9 6.4

.. .. .. 77.4 44.6

93.4 9,518

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

84

2011

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

1,117 547 8.1 37,990 2.0 1.5 25.0 15.9 73.5 23.6 23.9

18 6 37.9 2.1 38.6 14.3

3.8

111.2 72.3


Sub-Saharan Africa

Gabon

Upper middle income Country data 2000

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2009

Upper middleincome group 2009

1.2 0.54 .. 3,080 0.3 6.2 56.3 3.7 37.5 0.5 712.0 69.0 32.7

1.5 0.71 .. 7,370 2.1 5.1 53.8 4.3 41.2 1.9 472.2 52.2 33.3

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

156 58 9 43.0 5.0 43.5 18.4 3.5 4.3

.. .. .. .. ..

2.8 22.8 6.3 34.5 18.6

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

12 -0.8 21.9 19.0

91 0.3 28.4 23.2

64,899 2.4 20.7 15.6

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

.. .. 11.7 11.4 .. 6.6 8.7 -4.8 17.0

.. .. 10.6 14.2 16.2 9.8 10.1 9.3 10.8

-0.6 .. 60.6 47.4 9.7 4.2 47.8

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

9.9 876 .. 9.7 1.2

10.2 1,158 7.2 93.1 6.7

36.8 3,001

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2011

1,002 458 9.1 7,502 4.4 6.2 31.5 16.7 62.4 25.4 24.2

43 8 40.1 2.9 43.0 18.0

5.5

100.6 34.6

85


Gambia, The Sub-Saharan Africa

Low income Country data 2000

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2009

Lowincome group 2009

1.3 0.58 .. 330 4.6 35.8 13.1 5.4 51.1 0.8 12.8 48.0 56.8

1.7 0.77 .. 440 5.2 27.5 15.5 5.0 57.1 4.6 26.6 30.4 50.1

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

146 27 8 26.0 3.0 292.3 41.4 .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

7.3 13.6 7.6 63.9 22.2

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

7 2.9 17.4 12.8

35 5.4 24.8 13.9

4,779 2.7 22.9 15.8

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

.. .. 34.2 33.5 .. .. 12.5 19.6 11.5

.. .. 26.7 35.1 .. .. 18.9 24.1 11.5

-1.4 .. 31.8 30.6 .. .. 26.3

.. .. .. 0.4 0.9

19.3 .. 23.7 84.0 7.6

12.0 231

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

86

2011

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

846 384 .. 509 5.4 26.1 24.4 12.4 49.5 23.2 35.9

41 8 71.0 3.7 76.5 24.8

11.5

26.6 2.7


Europe & Central Asia

Georgia

Lower middle income Country data 2000

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2009

4.7 2.4 10.8 730 5.6 21.9 22.4 9.1 55.7 4.0 2.0 23.0 39.7

4.3 2.3 16.5 2,530 7.4 9.6 21.4 11.6 69.0 1.7 1.7 29.5 49.0

Lower middleincome group 2009 3,811 1,787 5.3 2,321 8.5 13.3 38.9 25.8 47.7 28.9 28.3

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

12 3 3 4.0 3.3 15.3 13.3 7.2 2.3

11.0 81.2 25.9 1.9 16.8

2.1 8.4 38.2 11.4 16.0

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

49 4.3 25.4 24.5

154 6.1 14.4 6.4

41,477 2.0 34.9 19.9

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

-1.6 69.9 7.5 5.2 30.5 11.6 8.7 26.8 22.6

-7.8 34.7 32.1 19.1 18.3 6.3 31.2 28.1 15.2

-2.3 .. 107.6 54.9 10.0 5.1 92.9

93.4 1,353 .. 4.1 0.5

94.1 1,678 3.3 66.6 30.5

36.3 1,318

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2011

35 8 57.7 3.3 40.2 16.3

7.3

57.8 17.2

87


Germany

High income Country data 2000

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2009

Highincome group 2009

82.2 40.4 7.7 25,510 2.0 1.3 30.3 22.9 68.5 1.5 1.8 33.4 33.0

81.9 42.3 7.7 42,450 1.0 0.8 26.5 19.1 72.7 0.3 .. 40.8 35.9

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

22 15 9 69.0 1.2 48.2 23.0 64.8 1.2

.. .. .. .. ..

1.2 14.8 45.0 3.2 ..

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

.. 11.1 21.5 ..

.. 1.2 17.6 ..

.. 2.0 18.0 ..

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

1.4 37.8 145.2 90.8 4.2 4.7 118.6 10.4 6.2

-2.2 47.2 132.2 117.2 4.8 3.3 112.3 .. ..

-7.7 55.7 140.0 108.5 6.8 3.4 165.1

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

.. 6,636 .. 58.6 30.2

100.0 7,149 .. 128.2 79.5

93.4 9,518

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

88

2011

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

1,117 547 8.1 37,990 2.0 1.5 25.0 15.9 73.5 23.6 23.9

18 6 37.9 2.1 38.6 14.3

3.8

111.2 72.3


Ghana

Sub-Saharan Africa

Low income

Country data 2000 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2009

Lowincome group 2009

19.5 8.6 10.4 330 4.4 39.4 28.4 10.1 32.2 25.2 0.5 48.8 67.2

23.8 11.0 .. 1,190 5.8 31.7 18.9 6.9 49.5 19.3 1.4 30.5 41.3

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

67 12 7 178.0 1.9 32.7 18.1 9.6 0.7

.. .. .. .. ..

4.0 18.1 16.0 24.4 6.8

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

10 3.3 23.1 12.7

847 6.4 19.6 11.6

4,779 2.7 22.9 15.8

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

-6.5 .. 14.5 16.8 11.8 11.9 14.0 .. ..

-5.6 .. .. .. 17.0 16.2 15.9 .. ..

-1.4 .. 31.8 30.6 .. .. 26.3

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

29.6 324 .. 0.7 0.2

14.9 268 9.7 63.4 5.4

12.0 231

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2011

846 384 .. 509 5.4 26.1 24.4 12.4 49.5 23.2 35.9

41 8 71.0 3.7 76.5 24.8

11.5

26.6 2.7

89


Gibraltar

High income Highincome group 2009

Country data 2000 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2009

0.03 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.7 .. ..

0.03 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.6 .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

.. .. .. ..

.. .. .. ..

.. 2.0 18.0 ..

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

-7.7 55.7 140.0 108.5 6.8 3.4 165.1

.. 4,325 .. 19.2 19.1

.. 5,349 .. 92.1 65.1

93.4 9,518

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

90

2011

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

1,117 547 8.1 37,990 2.0 1.5 25.0 15.9 73.5 23.6 23.9

18 6 37.9 2.1 38.6 14.3

3.8

111.2 72.3


Greece

High income

Country data 2000 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2009

Highincome group 2009

10.9 4.9 11.1 12,560 3.5 6.6 21.0 11.1 72.5 3.2 365.4 24.9 38.4

11.3 5.2 9.5 29,040 3.6 3.1 17.5 10.1 79.3 1.2 .. 18.6 29.3

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

109 19 15 24.0 2.0 47.2 13.9 8.4 1.2

.. .. .. .. ..

1.8 55.9 25.9 7.0 11.7

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

.. 0.9 21.6 ..

.. 0.7 16.9 ..

.. 2.0 18.0 ..

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

-3.7 123.9 78.1 50.5 8.9 12.3 47.0 8.6 6.2

-15.2 138.5 109.0 103.1 6.1 7.7 91.7 2.8 4.3

-7.7 55.7 140.0 108.5 6.8 3.4 165.1

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

91.8 4,539 .. 54.3 9.2

.. 5,723 .. 117.8 44.1

93.4 9,518

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2011

1,117 547 8.1 37,990 2.0 1.5 25.0 15.9 73.5 23.6 23.9

18 6 37.9 2.1 38.6 14.3

3.8

111.2 72.3

91


Greenland

High income Highincome group 2009

Country data 2000 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2009

0.06 .. 11.0 20,290 3.8 .. .. .. .. .. 8.1 .. ..

0.06 .. 8.4 26,160 1.7 .. .. .. .. .. 5.4 .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

.. .. .. ..

.. .. .. ..

.. 2.0 18.0 ..

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

-7.7 55.7 140.0 108.5 6.8 3.4 165.1

.. .. .. 26.9 31.7

.. .. .. 95.4 64.2

93.4 9,518

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

92

2011

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

1,117 547 8.1 37,990 2.0 1.5 25.0 15.9 73.5 23.6 23.9

18 6 37.9 2.1 38.6 14.3

3.8

111.2 72.3


Latin America & Caribbean

Grenada

Upper middle income

Upper middleincome group 2009

Country data 2000 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2009

0.10 .. 10.2 3,870 7.4 7.3 22.2 6.5 70.5 3.5 2.7 54.9 72.2

0.10 .. .. 5,580 1.8 6.5 18.4 4.1 75.1 -2.4 2.7 26.8 56.6

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

92 15 6 29.0 .. 45.3 27.6 .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

7 8.7 41.8 35.0

16 14.5 23.2 18.8

64,899 2.4 20.7 15.6

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

.. .. 88.1 89.5 .. .. 75.7 11.1 7.4

.. .. 112.0 114.5 .. .. 97.7 12.0 7.7

-0.6 .. 60.6 47.4 9.7 4.2 47.8

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

61.0 .. .. 4.2 4.1

.. .. .. 61.6 24.1

36.8 3,001

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2011

1,002 458 9.1 7,502 4.4 6.2 31.5 16.7 62.4 25.4 24.2

43 8 40.1 2.9 43.0 18.0

5.5

100.6 34.6

93


Guam

High income Highincome group 2009

Country data 2000 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2009

0.16 0.07 15.3 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

0.18 0.08 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

.. .. .. ..

.. .. .. ..

.. 2.0 18.0 ..

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

-7.7 55.7 140.0 108.5 6.8 3.4 165.1

.. .. .. 17.5 16.1

.. .. .. 59.1 50.6

93.4 9,518

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

94

2011

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

1,117 547 8.1 37,990 2.0 1.5 25.0 15.9 73.5 23.6 23.9

18 6 37.9 2.1 38.6 14.3

3.8

111.2 72.3


Latin America & Caribbean

Guatemala Lower middle income Country data 2000

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2009

Lower middleincome group 2009

11.2 4.0 1.4 1,730 4.1 15.1 29.1 21.3 55.8 6.0 7.8 20.2 29.0

14.0 5.5 1.8 2,650 3.7 12.4 28.5 19.8 59.2 1.9 8.2 23.4 33.1

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

101 37 12 101.0 3.0 40.9 25.9 5.1 0.7

.. .. .. .. ..

9.2 3.8 12.8 35.3 8.0

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

147 1.2 16.1 13.7

206 1.6 15.1 12.0

41,477 2.0 34.9 19.9

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

-1.8 17.0 22.1 18.2 8.9 7.9 19.8 13.2 10.7

-3.2 23.3 36.0 39.0 10.5 2.7 25.4 11.2 8.3

-2.3 .. 107.6 54.9 10.0 5.1 92.9

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

34.5 343 .. 7.6 0.7

.. 543 3.0 123.4 16.3

36.3 1,318

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2011

3,811 1,787 5.3 2,321 8.5 13.3 38.9 25.8 47.7 28.9 28.3

35 8 57.7 3.3 40.2 16.3

7.3

57.8 17.2

95


Guinea

Sub-Saharan Africa

Low income Country data 2000

2009

Economic and social context 8.4 10.1 Population (millions) 4.0 4.8 Labor force (millions) .. .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force) 400 370 GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) 4.4 3.0 GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) 20.3 17.2 Agriculture value added (% of GDP) 32.5 53.0 Industry value added (% of GDP) 4.0 5.3 Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) 47.2 29.8 Services value added (% of GDP) .. 4.7 Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) 1,746.9 5,500.0 Exchange rate (local currency units per $) 23.6 40.7 Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) 27.9 45.4 Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

Lowincome group 2009 846 384 .. 509 5.4 26.1 24.4 12.4 49.5 23.2 35.9

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

179 41 13 26.0 3.8 54.6 19.4 .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

2.7 57.3 0.9 16.1 5.2

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

6 0.3 18.9 14.0

246 1.2 21.6 17.0

4,779 2.7 22.9 15.8

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

-2.4 .. .. .. .. .. 3.8 7.4 11.9

.. .. 8.2 10.0 .. .. 5.7 .. ..

-1.4 .. 31.8 30.6 .. .. 26.3

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

16.5 .. .. 0.5 0.1

9.8 .. 33.9 55.7 0.9

12.0 231

96

2011

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

41 8 71.0 3.7 76.5 24.8

11.5

26.6 2.7


Sub-Saharan Africa

Guinea-Bissau Low income

Country data 2000 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2009

Lowincome group 2009

1.3 0.54 .. 170 -2.7 56.4 13.0 10.5 30.6 8.6 712.0 31.8 51.6

1.6 0.66 .. 510 1.0 .. .. .. .. -1.7 472.2 .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

176 216 17 87.0 .. 45.9 14.9 .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

2.9 22.7 0.7 20.5 8.4

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

3 0.3 11.3 1.3

28 1.7 .. ..

4,779 2.7 22.9 15.8

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

.. .. 7.9 13.7 .. .. 7.9 .. ..

.. .. 7.1 9.4 .. .. 5.6 .. ..

-1.4 .. 31.8 30.6 .. .. 26.3

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

27.9 .. .. 0.0 0.2

.. .. 9.2 34.8 2.3

12.0 231

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2011

846 384 .. 509 5.4 26.1 24.4 12.4 49.5 23.2 35.9

41 8 71.0 3.7 76.5 24.8

11.5

26.6 2.7

97


Guyana

Latin America & Caribbean

Lower middle income Country data 2000

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2009

Lower middleincome group 2009

0.76 0.32 9.1 870 2.5 31.1 29.0 8.2 39.9 6.1 182.4 96.1 110.7

0.76 0.34 .. 2,660 2.2 20.6 34.3 7.7 45.1 2.9 204.0 84.6 119.2

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

100 30 8 56.0 3.0 38.9 26.8 .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

2.3 5.4 32.6 93.4 17.8

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

11 9.4 23.8 10.0

26 7.1 26.6 13.8

41,477 2.0 34.9 19.9

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

.. .. 70.4 65.7 .. .. 57.1 10.0 8.6

.. .. 69.5 88.0 .. .. 36.5 13.1 12.2

-2.3 .. 107.6 54.9 10.0 5.1 92.9

7.4 .. .. 5.3 6.6

.. .. .. 36.8 28.9

36.3 1,318

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

98

2011

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

3,811 1,787 5.3 2,321 8.5 13.3 38.9 25.8 47.7 28.9 28.3

35 8 57.7 3.3 40.2 16.3

7.3

57.8 17.2


Haiti

Latin America & Caribbean

Low income Lowincome group 2009

Country data 2000 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2009

8.6 3.5 7.2 .. 2.5 .. .. .. .. 13.7 21.2 12.7 33.4

10.0 4.5 .. .. 0.7 .. .. .. .. 0.0 41.2 14.2 43.9

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

162 105 13 17.0 5.7 40.1 23.3 .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

101 0.4 .. ..

176 0.6 .. ..

4,779 2.7 22.9 15.8

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

.. .. 17.5 29.9 .. .. 15.5 7.3 7.0

.. .. 14.7 30.5 .. .. 14.5 13.3 16.2

-1.4 .. 31.8 30.6 .. .. 26.3

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

24.3 35 .. 0.6 0.2

.. 23 .. 36.4 10.0

12.0 231

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2011

846 384 .. 509 5.4 26.1 24.4 12.4 49.5 23.2 35.9

41 8 71.0 3.7 76.5 24.8

11.5

26.6 2.7

99


Honduras

Latin America & Caribbean

Lower middle income Country data 2000

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2009

Lower middleincome group 2009

6.2 2.4 4.1 930 2.8 15.9 32.5 22.7 51.7 11.0 14.8 54.0 66.4

7.5 2.8 2.9 1,800 4.9 12.5 27.1 18.6 60.4 5.5 18.9 42.1 60.8

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

131 14 13 95.0 3.8 48.3 26.7 .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

4.6 6.1 8.5 27.6 16.5

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

127 5.4 25.8 20.3

277 3.5 22.6 19.1

41,477 2.0 34.9 19.9

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

.. .. 34.7 35.2 8.8 10.6 34.1 -3.1 10.9

-4.5 .. 51.9 46.5 .. .. 52.6 14.4 8.6

-2.3 .. 107.6 54.9 10.0 5.1 92.9

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

20.4 515 .. 2.5 1.2

.. 708 2.9 103.3 9.8

36.3 1,318

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

100

2011

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

3,811 1,787 5.3 2,321 8.5 13.3 38.9 25.8 47.7 28.9 28.3

35 8 57.7 3.3 40.2 16.3

7.3

57.8 17.2


Hong Kong SAR, China High income

Highincome group 2009

Country data 2000 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2009

6.7 3.4 4.9 26,570 1.8 .. 13.4 5.4 86.5 -3.8 7.8 143.3 138.8

7.0 3.7 5.2 31,570 4.7 .. 8.0 2.5 92.0 0.6 7.8 193.8 186.7

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

2 6 3 10.0 1.1 24.1 18.7 101.0 19.2

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

.. 36.6 26.4 ..

.. 24.9 20.9 ..

.. 2.0 18.0 ..

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

-6.8 27.7 167.9 220.8 9.0 7.3 152.6 13.6 4.7

0.6 30.5 199.2 319.9 12.7 1.1 158.0 4.8 5.0

-7.7 55.7 140.0 108.5 6.8 3.4 165.1

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

100.0 5,447 .. 81.7 27.8

100.0 5,866 .. 174.3 61.4

93.4 9,518

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2011

1,117 547 8.1 37,990 2.0 1.5 25.0 15.9 73.5 23.6 23.9

18 6 37.9 2.1 38.6 14.3

3.8

111.2 72.3

101


Hungary

High income Country data 2000

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2009

10.2 4.2 6.4 4,700 4.3 5.4 32.2 23.5 62.4 9.8 282.2 72.2 75.8

10.0 4.3 10.0 12,980 2.9 4.3 29.4 21.7 66.2 4.2 202.3 81.4 80.2

Highincome group 2009 1,117 547 8.1 37,990 2.0 1.5 25.0 15.9 73.5 23.6 23.9

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

46 4 4 35.0 2.0 53.3 16.7 43.0 6.3

5.2 27.4 21.6 9.6 32.6

13.5 0.7 48.7 48.0 39.4

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

1,168 5.8 23.0 ..

2,645 2.2 20.1 ..

.. 2.0 18.0 ..

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

-2.7 61.0 41.1 38.0 8.3 3.0 31.4 0.9 3.1

-4.0 81.7 82.7 47.4 8.5 6.7 71.3 6.1 5.2

-7.7 55.7 140.0 108.5 6.8 3.4 165.1

43.7 3,309 .. 30.1 7.0

37.7 3,989 2.9 117.7 61.6

93.4 9,518

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

102

2011

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

18 6 37.9 2.1 38.6 14.3

3.8

111.2 72.3


Iceland

High income

Highincome group 2009

Country data 2000 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2009

0.28 0.17 2.3 30,830 5.0 9.1 26.1 13.9 64.8 5.1 78.6 33.6 40.9

0.32 0.20 7.2 43,430 3.9 6.4 27.3 12.9 66.3 12.0 123.6 53.0 44.2

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

15 5 5 13.0 1.0 26.8 6.9 2.6 12.8

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

.. 1.8 22.9 ..

.. 0.5 13.9 ..

.. 2.0 18.0 ..

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

2.7 60.5 97.7 42.6 6.2 1.5 97.1 12.7 6.2

-8.9 104.7 340.7 90.5 13.0 61.2 261.2 9.6 7.2

-7.7 55.7 140.0 108.5 6.8 3.4 165.1

29.5 26,221 .. 76.5 44.5

36.6 50,067 .. 109.4 94.5

93.4 9,518

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2011

1,117 547 8.1 37,990 2.0 1.5 25.0 15.9 73.5 23.6 23.9

18 6 37.9 2.1 38.6 14.3

3.8

111.2 72.3

103


India South Asia

Lower middle income Country data 2000

2009

Economic and social context 1,015.9 1,155.3 Population (millions) 385.4 457.5 Labor force (millions) 4.3 4.4 Unemployment rate (% of labor force) 450 1,220 GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) 5.9 7.9 GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) 23.4 17.8 Agriculture value added (% of GDP) 26.2 27.0 Industry value added (% of GDP) 15.6 14.8 Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) 50.5 55.3 Services value added (% of GDP) 4.0 10.9 Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) 44.9 48.4 Exchange rate (local currency units per $) 13.2 19.6 Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) 14.2 24.0 Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

Lower middleincome group 2009 3,811 1,787 5.3 2,321 8.5 13.3 38.9 25.8 47.7 28.9 28.3

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

134 29 12 56.0 7.0 63.3 24.0 84.8 0.1

12.9 .. .. .. 0.0

6.7 52.3 46.7 29.5 22.5

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

2,665 0.8 22.7 16.3

36,057 2.5 30.8 22.4

41,477 2.0 34.9 19.9

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

-3.9 56.0 44.7 45.8 5.7 12.8 28.8 8.5 ..

-4.9 53.0 67.8 65.5 6.4 2.3 46.8 4.3 ..

-2.3 .. 107.6 54.9 10.0 5.1 92.9

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

47.5 402 .. 0.4 0.5

49.3 566 .. 45.4 5.3

36.3 1,318

104

2011

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

35 8 57.7 3.3 40.2 16.3

7.3

57.8 17.2


East Asia & Pacific

Indonesia Lower middle income Country data 2000

2009

Economic and social context 205.3 230.0 Population (millions) 97.0 115.6 Labor force (millions) 6.1 7.9 Unemployment rate (% of labor force) 580 2,050 GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) -0.6 5.3 GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) 15.6 15.8 Agriculture value added (% of GDP) 45.9 49.1 Industry value added (% of GDP) 27.7 27.2 Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) 38.5 35.2 Services value added (% of GDP) 3.7 6.4 Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) 8,421.8 10,389.9 Exchange rate (local currency units per $) 41.0 24.1 Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) 30.5 21.3 Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

Lower middleincome group 2009 3,811 1,787 5.3 2,321 8.5 13.3 38.9 25.8 47.7 28.9 28.3

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

121 47 9 108.0 5.5 37.3 26.6 29.0 0.2

.. .. .. .. ..

1.9 14.0 11.7 23.5 2.9

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

642 -2.8 19.9 ..

1,899 0.9 31.1 ..

41,477 2.0 34.9 19.9

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

-3.7 44.6 51.8 48.2 6.0 34.4 19.9 -1.7 6.0

-1.7 28.3 31.4 34.1 10.3 3.3 27.6 5.6 5.2

-2.3 .. 107.6 54.9 10.0 5.1 92.9

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

57.1 402 .. 1.8 0.9

59.1 591 2.1 69.2 8.7

36.3 1,318

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2011

35 8 57.7 3.3 40.2 16.3

7.3

57.8 17.2

105


Iran, Islamic Rep. Middle East & North Africa

Upper middle income Upper middleincome group 2009

Country data 2000

2009

Economic and social context 63.9 72.9 Population (millions) 22.4 29.2 Labor force (millions) 12.8 10.5 Unemployment rate (% of labor force) 1,670 4,530 GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) 3.7 5.4 GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) 13.7 10.2 Agriculture value added (% of GDP) 36.7 44.5 Industry value added (% of GDP) 13.2 10.6 Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) 49.5 45.3 Services value added (% of GDP) 14.5 13.5 Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) 1,765.3 9,864.3 Exchange rate (local currency units per $) 22.7 32.2 Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) 17.4 21.5 Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

1,002 458 9.1 7,502 4.4 6.2 31.5 16.7 62.4 25.4 24.2

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

129 8 6 87.0 4.5 44.1 17.8 .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

5 0.0 26.4 17.6

483 0.9 25.8 16.7

64,899 2.4 20.7 15.6

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

1.8 .. 20.5 34.3 .. .. 19.5 .. ..

0.6 .. 36.8 40.3 .. .. 36.7 11.3 -1.1

-0.6 .. 60.6 47.4 9.7 4.2 47.8

64.8 1,586 .. 1.5 1.0

73.3 2,423 .. 72.1 38.3

36.8 3,001

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

106

2011

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

43 8 40.1 2.9 43.0 18.0

5.5

100.6 34.6


Middle East & North Africa

Iraq

Lower middle income Lower middleincome group 2009

Country data 2000 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2009

25.1 31.5 6.0 7.7 .. 17.5 .. 2,210 17.9 -0.3 5.4 8.6 84.4 70.1 0.9 1.7 10.3 21.3 .. .. 0.3 1,170.0 .. .. .. ..

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

3,811 1,787 5.3 2,321 8.5 13.3 38.9 25.8 47.7 28.9 28.3

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

166 77 11 .. .. 28.4 14.9 .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

.. 0.0 .. ..

447 1.6 .. ..

41,477 2.0 34.9 19.9

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. -5.9 10.3 .. .. 6.4 61.5 7.8

-2.3 .. 107.6 54.9 10.0 5.1 92.9

84.3 1,161 .. 0.0 0.0

.. 1,164 .. 62.6 1.0

36.3 1,318

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2011

35 8 57.7 3.3 40.2 16.3

7.3

57.8 17.2

107


Ireland

High income Country data 2000

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2009

Highincome group 2009

3.8 1.8 4.3 23,180 9.7 3.2 42.0 32.9 54.9 5.6 0.7 98.3 84.8

4.5 2.2 11.7 44,280 3.9 1.0 31.2 23.7 67.8 -4.5 .. 88.5 73.6

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

9 13 4 18.0 0.4 26.5 11.9 13.2 4.7

.. .. .. .. ..

2.3 11.0 37.4 28.3 17.2

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

.. 26.4 23.2 ..

.. 11.1 15.1 ..

.. 2.0 18.0 ..

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

4.9 40.0 108.7 78.1 6.5 1.0 105.6 -1.1 4.7

-13.9 69.2 241.0 116.2 5.6 9.0 230.3 0.2 2.6

-7.7 55.7 140.0 108.5 6.8 3.4 165.1

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

100.0 5,796 .. 64.7 17.8

100.0 6,301 .. 109.5 68.4

93.4 9,518

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

108

2011

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

1,117 547 8.1 37,990 2.0 1.5 25.0 15.9 73.5 23.6 23.9

18 6 37.9 2.1 38.6 14.3

3.8

111.2 72.3


Isle of Man

High income

Highincome group 2009

Country data 2000 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2009

0.08 .. 1.6 21,980 10.4 .. .. .. .. .. 0.7 .. ..

0.08 .. 2.4 49,310 6.2 .. .. .. .. .. 0.6 .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

.. .. .. ..

.. .. .. ..

.. 2.0 18.0 ..

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

-7.7 55.7 140.0 108.5 6.8 3.4 165.1

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

93.4 9,518

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2011

1,117 547 8.1 37,990 2.0 1.5 25.0 15.9 73.5 23.6 23.9

18 6 37.9 2.1 38.6 14.3

3.8

111.2 72.3

109


Israel

High income Highincome group 2009

Country data 2000 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2009

6.3 2.5 8.8 17,840 4.6 .. .. .. .. 1.1 4.1 37.1 37.4

7.4 3.1 7.6 25,790 3.6 .. .. .. .. 3.3 3.9 34.7 32.2

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

29 34 5 91.0 4.0 31.7 23.8 19.8 4.5

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

.. 6.5 20.4 ..

.. 2.0 16.7 ..

.. 2.0 18.0 ..

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

-1.9 .. 85.6 78.7 7.3 6.9 76.9 11.1 4.2

-4.3 .. 93.8 89.7 6.0 1.5 84.5 -1.4 2.6

-7.7 55.7 140.0 108.5 6.8 3.4 165.1

100.0 6,323 .. 70.0 20.2

100.0 7,054 .. 121.2 49.7

93.4 9,518

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

110

2011

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

1,117 547 8.1 37,990 2.0 1.5 25.0 15.9 73.5 23.6 23.9

18 6 37.9 2.1 38.6 14.3

3.8

111.2 72.3


Italy

High income

Highincome group 2009

Country data 2000

2009

Economic and social context 56.9 Population (millions) 23.2 Labor force (millions) 10.8 Unemployment rate (% of labor force) 20,890 GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) 1.8 GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) 2.8 Agriculture value added (% of GDP) 28.4 Industry value added (% of GDP) 21.0 Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) 68.8 Services value added (% of GDP) 2.5 Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) 1,736.2 Exchange rate (local currency units per $) 27.1 Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) 26.1 Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

60.2 25.4 7.8 35,110 0.5 1.8 25.1 16.1 73.1 0.8 .. 24.0 24.4

1,117 547 8.1 37,990 2.0 1.5 25.0 15.9 73.5 23.6 23.9

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

80 6 6 11.0 1.8 68.6 22.8 68.5 1.8

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

.. 1.2 20.3 ..

.. 1.4 18.9 ..

.. 2.0 18.0 ..

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

-0.7 119.4 92.0 50.2 7.0 7.8 76.0 5.0 5.2

-4.9 118.9 139.1 78.2 8.0 7.0 110.8 2.6 4.9

-7.7 55.7 140.0 108.5 6.8 3.4 165.1

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

100.0 5,299 .. 74.2 23.2

100.0 5,661 .. 150.5 48.5

93.4 9,518

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2011

18 6 37.9 2.1 38.6 14.3

3.8

111.2 72.3

111


Jamaica

Latin America & Caribbean

Upper middle income Country data 2000

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2009

Upper middleincome group 2009

2.6 1.2 15.5 3,310 -0.5 7.0 25.5 10.6 67.4 8.2 43.0 39.1 51.9

2.7 1.2 11.4 4,590 1.5 6.2 22.1 9.1 71.7 9.6 87.9 34.7 53.3

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

81 8 6 62.0 1.1 50.1 28.6 2.0 1.2

.. .. .. .. ..

6.3 4.9 37.0 6.9 16.4

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

546 5.2 28.9 23.9

60 4.5 21.1 ..

64,899 2.4 20.7 15.6

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

.. .. 38.8 34.5 9.2 11.0 25.7 11.5 11.7

-15.9 115.8 47.4 40.0 .. .. 28.5 9.3 9.5

-0.6 .. 60.6 47.4 9.7 4.2 47.8

70.1 2,321 .. 14.2 3.1

73.3 2,552 .. 110.1 58.6

36.8 3,001

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

112

2011

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

1,002 458 9.1 7,502 4.4 6.2 31.5 16.7 62.4 25.4 24.2

43 8 40.1 2.9 43.0 18.0

5.5

100.6 34.6


Japan

High income Highincome group 2009

Country data 2000 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2009

126.9 67.6 4.8 34,620 0.6 1.8 32.4 22.2 65.8 -0.7 107.8 11.0 9.5

127.6 65.8 5.0 38,080 1.1 1.5 28.0 19.9 70.6 -1.4 93.6 12.5 12.2

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

18 23 8 4.0 0.6 48.6 27.9 105.7 1.3

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

.. 0.2 25.2 ..

.. 0.2 20.6 ..

.. 2.0 18.0 ..

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

.. .. 239.9 231.5 4.6 5.3 222.3 3.9 2.0

.. 157.7 215.9 209.3 4.7 1.7 171.0 2.7 1.3

-7.7 55.7 140.0 108.5 6.8 3.4 165.1

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

76.6 7,974 .. 52.6 30.0

79.6 8,071 .. 90.1 77.7

93.4 9,518

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2011

1,117 547 8.1 37,990 2.0 1.5 25.0 15.9 73.5 23.6 23.9

18 6 37.9 2.1 38.6 14.3

3.8

111.2 72.3

113


Jordan

Middle East & North Africa

Lower middle income Country data 2000

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2009

Lower middleincome group 2009

4.8 1.4 15.8 1,790 3.2 2.3 25.5 15.7 72.1 0.7 0.7 41.8 68.5

6.0 1.9 12.9 3,980 6.9 2.9 31.6 19.7 65.5 -0.7 0.7 43.5 65.0

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

111 13 8 4.0 4.3 31.2 15.2 2.7 0.7

.. .. .. .. ..

6.7 0.9 8.6 47.1 15.5

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

584 10.8 21.1 11.9

1,580 9.5 14.8 6.4

41,477 2.0 34.9 19.9

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

-2.0 93.7 89.4 90.6 7.0 18.4 72.1 12.2 4.8

-8.5 57.9 110.4 104.0 11.0 6.7 71.7 1.1 4.3

-2.3 .. 107.6 54.9 10.0 5.1 92.9

100.0 1,377 .. 8.1 2.7

100.0 2,087 2.6 101.1 29.3

36.3 1,318

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

114

2011

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

3,811 1,787 5.3 2,321 8.5 13.3 38.9 25.8 47.7 28.9 28.3

35 8 57.7 3.3 40.2 16.3

7.3

57.8 17.2


Europe & Central Asia

Kazakhstan

Upper middle income Country data

2000 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2009

14.9 7.5 12.8 1,260 1.9 8.7 40.5 17.7 50.8 13.2 142.1 56.6 49.1

15.9 8.6 6.6 6,920 8.8 6.4 40.3 11.4 53.3 7.3 147.5 42.0 33.8

Upper middleincome group 2009 1,002 458 9.1 7,502 4.4 6.2 31.5 16.7 62.4 25.4 24.2

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

59 19 6 9.0 1.5 29.6 16.3 28.0 2.6

7.6 57.1 17.4 7.4 12.8

4.7 25.1 31.0 47.8 10.8

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

375 7.0 17.3 16.5

596 11.8 29.1 23.6

64,899 2.4 20.7 15.6

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

0.1 21.6 13.5 11.1 13.6 .. 11.2 .. ..

-2.0 9.5 59.6 38.0 -9.3 21.2 50.3 .. ..

-0.6 .. 60.6 47.4 9.7 4.2 47.8

86.5 3,170 .. 1.3 0.7

89.9 4,689 2.8 94.4 33.4

36.8 3,001

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2011

43 8 40.1 2.9 43.0 18.0

5.5

100.6 34.6

115


Kenya

Sub-Saharan Africa

Low income Country data 2000

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2009

Lowincome group 2009

31.4 14.3 9.8 420 2.2 32.4 16.9 11.6 50.7 10.0 76.2 21.6 31.7

39.8 18.7 .. 760 4.4 22.6 15.3 8.7 62.1 9.2 77.4 25.2 38.3

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

98 33 11 47.0 4.5 49.7 33.1 17.9 0.9

.. .. .. .. ..

5.1 32.3 22.9 40.5 9.8

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

130 0.9 16.7 7.5

289 0.5 20.1 14.5

4,779 2.7 22.9 15.8

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

2.0 52.6 33.8 32.0 12.9 33.3 28.4 15.3 14.2

-5.5 .. 40.4 38.2 12.7 7.9 31.5 7.6 8.8

-1.4 .. 31.8 30.6 .. .. 26.3

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

12.1 109 .. 0.4 0.3

14.1 155 6.9 48.7 10.0

12.0 231

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

116

2011

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

846 384 .. 509 5.4 26.1 24.4 12.4 49.5 23.2 35.9

41 8 71.0 3.7 76.5 24.8

11.5

26.6 2.7


East Asia & Pacific

Kiribati

Lower middle income Lower middleincome group 2009

Country data 2000 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2009

0.08 .. .. 1,380 6.2 22.5 11.8 5.0 65.7 .. 1.7 6.9 46.8

0.10 .. .. 1,830 1.3 28.6 9.5 6.2 61.8 .. 1.3 9.4 76.5

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

93 21 6 4.0 .. 31.8 23.4 .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

.. 25.8 .. ..

.. 1.7 .. ..

41,477 2.0 34.9 19.9

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

-2.3 .. 107.6 54.9 10.0 5.1 92.9

.. .. .. 0.4 1.8

.. .. .. 1.0 2.0

36.3 1,318

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2011

3,811 1,787 5.3 2,321 8.5 13.3 38.9 25.8 47.7 28.9 28.3

35 8 57.7 3.3 40.2 16.3

7.3

57.8 17.2

117


Korea, Dem. Rep. East Asia & Pacific

Low income Lowincome group 2009

Country data 2000 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2009

22.9 11.1 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

23.9 12.4 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

.. .. .. ..

400 .. .. ..

4,779 2.7 22.9 15.8

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

-1.4 .. 31.8 30.6 .. .. 26.3

6.4 715 .. 0.0 0.0

2.8 820 .. 0.3 0.0

12.0 231

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

118

2011

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

846 384 .. 509 5.4 26.1 24.4 12.4 49.5 23.2 35.9

41 8 71.0 3.7 76.5 24.8

11.5

26.6 2.7


Korea, Rep.

High income

Country data 2000 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2009

47.0 48.7 22.7 24.7 4.4 3.6 9,910 19,830 3.5 4.2 4.6 2.6 38.1 36.5 28.3 27.7 57.3 60.9 2.3 2.8 1,131.0 1,276.9 38.6 49.9 35.7 46.0

Highincome group 2009 1,117 547 8.1 37,990 2.0 1.5 25.0 15.9 73.5 23.6 23.9

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

16 14 8 91.0 1.5 29.8 15.3 60.0 1.7

.. .. .. .. ..

0.1 21.3 39.9 3.9 17.6

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

.. 1.7 30.0 ..

.. 0.2 29.3 ..

.. 2.0 18.0 ..

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

4.4 9.6 79.7 65.5 4.6 8.9 77.7 3.4 0.6

0.0 .. 112.8 69.5 10.9 1.2 107.6 2.2 2.2

-7.7 55.7 140.0 108.5 6.8 3.4 165.1

74.5 5,907 .. 57.0 40.5

78.5 8,853 .. 98.4 80.9

93.4 9,518

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2011

18 6 37.9 2.1 38.6 14.3

3.8

111.2 72.3

119


Kosovo Europe & Central Asia

Lower middle income Country data 2000

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2009

Lower middleincome group 2009

1.7 .. 57.0 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

1.8 .. 45.4 3,240 4.8 12.0 20.0 17.3 68.0 -2.4 .. 14.1 54.4

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

119 58 10 30.0 2.0 16.5 10.2 0.1 0.1

.. .. .. .. ..

9.8 7.7 25.3 76.9 7.9

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

.. .. .. ..

.. 7.5 27.7 17.3

41,477 2.0 34.9 19.9

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

.. .. 3.3 15.8 .. .. 0.9 .. ..

.. .. 28.7 36.2 .. 4.4 36.1 18.1 10.1

-2.3 .. 107.6 54.9 10.0 5.1 92.9

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. 42.8 .. ..

36.3 1,318

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

120

2011

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

3,811 1,787 5.3 2,321 8.5 13.3 38.9 25.8 47.7 28.9 28.3

35 8 57.7 3.3 40.2 16.3

7.3

57.8 17.2


Kuwait

High income Highincome group 2009

Country data 2000 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2009

2.2 1.1 0.8 16,790 1.8 0.4 59.2 2.6 40.5 2.5 0.3 56.5 30.1

2.8 1.5 2.0 43,930 8.4 0.5 51.0 2.3 48.5 4.0 0.3 66.4 25.6

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

74 35 13 78.0 4.2 15.5 4.7 .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

.. 0.0 10.7 ..

.. 0.0 18.9 ..

.. 2.0 18.0 ..

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

-5.1 .. 76.7 67.0 11.5 19.2 45.4 -9.7 3.0

20.0 .. 91.9 76.6 12.1 9.7 63.3 2.5 3.3

-7.7 55.7 140.0 108.5 6.8 3.4 165.1

80.6 13,378 .. 21.7 6.8

85.0 16,747 .. 106.6 39.4

93.4 9,518

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2011

1,117 547 8.1 37,990 2.0 1.5 25.0 15.9 73.5 23.6 23.9

18 6 37.9 2.1 38.6 14.3

3.8

111.2 72.3

121


Kyrgyz Republic Europe & Central Asia

Low income Country data 2000

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2009

4.9 2.1 7.5 280 5.4 36.7 31.4 19.5 31.9 18.7 47.7 41.8 47.6

5.3 2.5 8.2 870 4.6 29.2 19.3 12.7 51.5 6.9 42.9 49.9 80.8

Lowincome group 2009 846 384 .. 509 5.4 26.1 24.4 12.4 49.5 23.2 35.9

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

44 10 2 17.0 4.0 57.2 8.9 4.4 1.3

5.2 80.3 5.9 5.2 14.3

4.9 39.1 17.9 25.2 16.2

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

5 -0.2 18.3 10.5

75 4.1 21.2 18.3

4,779 2.7 22.9 15.8

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

-2.9 114.5 4.4 5.0 .. .. 4.2 19.5 33.5

-1.4 .. 16.2 11.6 .. .. 15.1 20.5 19.2

-1.4 .. 31.8 30.6 .. .. 26.3

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

91.1 1,904 .. 0.2 1.0

.. 1,449 5.7 84.3 41.2

12.0 231

122

2011

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

41 8 71.0 3.7 76.5 24.8

11.5

26.6 2.7


Lao PDR East Asia & Pacific

Low income Country data 2000

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2009

5.4 6.3 2.5 3.1 .. 1.4 280 880 6.1 6.9 52.5 34.7 22.9 28.2 17.0 9.3 24.6 37.1 25.1 0.0 7,887.6 8,516.1 30.0 32.7 44.1 44.4

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

Lowincome group 2009 846 384 .. 509 5.4 26.1 24.4 12.4 49.5 23.2 35.9

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

171 100 7 162.0 .. 33.7 25.2 .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

1.6 26.2 0.0 58.8 7.2

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

5 2.0 28.3 14.7

125 5.4 37.1 32.3

4,779 2.7 22.9 15.8

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

.. .. 10.1 16.0 .. .. 8.9 5.5 20.0

-1.6 .. 9.8 20.2 .. .. 9.5 14.4 19.3

-1.4 .. 31.8 30.6 .. .. 26.3

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

14.1 .. .. 0.2 0.1

13.5 .. 1.5 51.2 4.7

12.0 231

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2011

41 8 71.0 3.7 76.5 24.8

11.5

26.6 2.7

123


Latvia

High income Country data 2000

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2009

2.4 1.1 14.2 3,220 5.7 4.6 23.6 13.7 71.8 2.6 0.6 41.6 48.7

2.3 1.2 17.1 12,390 6.2 3.1 20.2 9.6 76.8 3.5 0.5 42.2 43.1

Highincome group 2009 1,117 547 8.1 37,990 2.0 1.5 25.0 15.9 73.5 23.6 23.9

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

24 16 5 17.0 3.0 38.5 6.5 7.2 4.6

6.0 38.2 30.8 5.2 13.0

9.7 4.4 37.3 93.2 18.2

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

229 5.3 24.2 20.5

122 0.4 21.3 21.3

.. 2.0 18.0 ..

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

-2.2 12.0 24.0 18.7 8.5 4.6 19.2 7.4 7.5

-6.4 41.8 104.2 39.2 7.4 16.4 107.8 17.1 8.2

-7.7 55.7 140.0 108.5 6.8 3.4 165.1

100.0 2,078 .. 16.9 6.3

100.0 3,087 0.7 99.5 66.7

93.4 9,518

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

124

2011

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

18 6 37.9 2.1 38.6 14.3

3.8

111.2 72.3


Lebanon Middle East & North Africa

Upper middle income Country data 2000

2009

Economic and social context 3.8 4.2 Population (millions) 1.2 1.5 Labor force (millions) 8.5 9.0 Unemployment rate (% of labor force) 4,690 8,060 GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) 1.2 4.6 GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) 7.1 5.3 Agriculture value added (% of GDP) 22.8 16.5 Industry value added (% of GDP) 13.0 8.8 Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) 70.1 78.2 Services value added (% of GDP) .. 1.2 Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) 1,507.5 1,507.5 Exchange rate (local currency units per $) 14.2 22.3 Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) 35.9 47.0 Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

Upper middleincome group 2009 1,002 458 9.1 7,502 4.4 6.2 31.5 16.7 62.4 25.4 24.2

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

113 9 5 17.0 4.0 30.2 6.1 .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

8.9 19.2 23.8 117.6 17.9

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

196 7.0 21.0 16.6

3 13.9 29.2 27.6

64,899 2.4 20.7 15.6

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

-18.4 .. 174.9 182.9 6.4 7.8 87.9 20.7 6.9

-8.3 .. 152.7 226.7 7.0 6.0 73.9 3.5 2.3

-0.6 .. 60.6 47.4 9.7 4.2 47.8

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

84.9 2,081 .. 19.7 8.0

.. 2,267 29.9 36.1 23.7

36.8 3,001

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2011

43 8 40.1 2.9 43.0 18.0

5.5

100.6 34.6

125


Lesotho Sub-Saharan Africa

Lower middle income Country data 2000

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2009

Lower middleincome group 2009

1.9 0.81 27.3 550 3.7 12.3 31.6 14.0 56.1 6.1 6.9 34.2 103.4

2.1 0.94 .. 980 3.1 8.4 34.1 17.0 57.5 7.2 8.5 51.2 111.7

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

138 40 7 44.0 2.6 19.6 16.4 .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

5.6 9.2 32.7 13.9 24.7

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

3 15.8 42.5 33.3

11 4.0 31.5 17.3

41,477 2.0 34.9 19.9

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

-2.8 75.4 28.5 29.3 .. .. 16.4 14.4 12.2

5.8 .. 13.2 32.9 7.9 4.0 13.5 9.2 8.2

-2.3 .. 107.6 54.9 10.0 5.1 92.9

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

18.3 .. .. 1.1 0.2

.. .. 6.8 32.0 3.7

36.3 1,318

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

126

2011

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

3,811 1,787 5.3 2,321 8.5 13.3 38.9 25.8 47.7 28.9 28.3

35 8 57.7 3.3 40.2 16.3

7.3

57.8 17.2


Liberia

Sub-Saharan Africa

Low income

Country data 2000 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2009

Lowincome group 2009

2.8 1.1 .. 140 38.9 72.0 11.6 9.5 16.4 .. 41.0 21.5 26.0

4.0 1.6 5.6 160 0.0 61.3 16.8 12.7 21.9 .. 68.3 31.1 172.6

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

155 20 5 84.0 3.0 43.7 0.0 .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

7.5 54.4 10.1 .. 2.4

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

.. 3.7 4.9 2.0

24 24.9 16.4 4.3

4,779 2.7 22.9 15.8

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

.. .. .. .. .. .. 3.1 22.1 14.3

0.0 .. .. .. .. .. 16.1 6.3 10.1

-1.4 .. 31.8 30.6 .. .. 26.3

6.2 .. .. 0.1 0.0

.. .. 5.4 21.3 0.5

12.0 231

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2011

846 384 .. 509 5.4 26.1 24.4 12.4 49.5 23.2 35.9

41 8 71.0 3.7 76.5 24.8

11.5

26.6 2.7

127


Libya

Middle East & North Africa

Upper middle income Upper middleincome group 2009

Country data 2000 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2009

5.3 1.8 .. 4,610 .. 5.2 66.1 3.1 28.7 -2.9 0.5 35.6 15.5

6.4 2.4 .. 12,020 5.4 1.9 78.2 4.5 19.9 2.5 1.3 67.4 27.5

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

.. 0.4 13.1 2.0

.. 2.7 27.9 5.9

64,899 2.4 20.7 15.6

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

.. .. 40.6 37.6 .. .. 23.1 -9.6 4.0

.. .. 14.4 41.2 .. .. 10.9 57.8 3.5

-0.6 .. 60.6 47.4 9.7 4.2 47.8

57.2 2,227 .. 0.7 0.2

.. 3,909 .. 77.9 5.5

36.8 3,001

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

128

2011

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

1,002 458 9.1 7,502 4.4 6.2 31.5 16.7 62.4 25.4 24.2

43 8 40.1 2.9 43.0 18.0

5.5

100.6 34.6


Liechtenstein High income

Highincome group 2009

Country data 2000 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2009

0.03 0.04 .. .. .. .. 79,640 136,630 7.5 2.5 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

1,117 547 8.1 37,990 2.0 1.5 25.0 15.9 73.5 23.6 23.9

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.6 25.1

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

.. .. .. ..

.. .. .. ..

.. 2.0 18.0 ..

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

-7.7 55.7 140.0 108.5 6.8 3.4 165.1

.. .. .. 30.4 36.5

.. .. .. 97.5 64.0

93.4 9,518

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2011

18 6 37.9 2.1 38.6 14.3

3.8

111.2 72.3

129


Lithuania

Europe & Central Asia

Upper middle income Country data 2000

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2009

3.5 1.7 15.9 3,200 4.6 6.3 29.8 19.3 63.9 1.0 4.0 44.7 51.0

3.3 1.6 13.7 11,410 6.3 4.3 31.5 17.9 64.2 4.4 2.5 60.2 71.7

Upper middleincome group 2009 1,002 458 9.1 7,502 4.4 6.2 31.5 16.7 62.4 25.4 24.2

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

23 22 6 30.0 1.5 38.7 0.0 5.4 2.2

6.2 31.4 15.4 5.3 14.9

9.3 3.4 47.4 63.0 15.6

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

388 3.3 18.7 16.4

131 0.6 25.2 22.7

64,899 2.4 20.7 15.6

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

-2.8 .. 18.5 17.0 10.2 11.3 13.2 11.1 8.3

-9.0 33.3 72.8 40.1 7.9 19.3 70.9 10.8 3.6

-0.6 .. 60.6 47.4 9.7 4.2 47.8

.. 2,517 .. 15.0 6.4

28.6 3,557 1.1 148.6 58.8

36.8 3,001

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

130

2011

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

43 8 40.1 2.9 43.0 18.0

5.5

100.6 34.6


Luxembourg

High income

Highincome group 2009

Country data 2000 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2009

0.44 0.19 2.3 43,660 6.3 0.7 18.4 11.3 81.0 3.1 36.3 150.0 129.0

0.50 0.23 5.1 76,710 3.6 0.3 13.3 6.5 86.4 0.4 .. 169.4 136.2

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

45 19 6 52.0 2.0 21.1 4.1 2.4 7.4

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

.. 437.8 20.8 ..

.. 372.6 17.5 ..

.. 2.0 18.0 ..

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

5.5 4.9 92.5 313.2 4.0 0.5 102.2 5.7 2.0

-0.7 12.7 187.3 341.6 6.0 1.3 186.0 .. ..

-7.7 55.7 140.0 108.5 6.8 3.4 165.1

100.0 15,485 .. 69.5 22.9

100.0 15,895 .. 144.4 85.3

93.4 9,518

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2011

1,117 547 8.1 37,990 2.0 1.5 25.0 15.9 73.5 23.6 23.9

18 6 37.9 2.1 38.6 14.3

3.8

111.2 72.3

131


Macao SAR, China

High income Highincome group 2009

Country data 2000 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2009

0.44 0.22 6.7 14,350 -1.1 0.0 15.7 10.1 90.3 -1.6 8.0 100.4 64.6

0.54 0.33 3.6 39,550 14.7 0.0 15.7 2.8 84.3 1.2 8.0 89.6 42.1

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

.. 0.0 11.5 ..

.. 7.5 17.6 ..

.. 2.0 18.0 ..

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

1.6 .. 77.4 164.5 .. .. 79.9 12.2 4.6

13.3 .. 51.3 125.3 .. .. 57.0 6.3 5.2

-7.7 55.7 140.0 108.5 6.8 3.4 165.1

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

100.0 .. .. 32.0 13.6

100.0 .. .. 192.8 52.2

93.4 9,518

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

132

2011

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

1,117 547 8.1 37,990 2.0 1.5 25.0 15.9 73.5 23.6 23.9

18 6 37.9 2.1 38.6 14.3

3.8

111.2 72.3


Macedonia, FYR Europe & Central Asia

Upper middle income Country data 2000

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2009

2.0 0.83 32.2 1,840 3.0 12.0 33.7 20.7 54.2 6.6 65.9 48.6 63.5

2.0 0.90 32.2 4,400 3.1 11.3 36.3 23.0 52.3 -0.3 44.1 44.3 67.3

Upper middleincome group 2009 1,002 458 9.1 7,502 4.4 6.2 31.5 16.7 62.4 25.4 24.2

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

38 3 3 26.0 2.9 10.6 6.3 8.1 5.6

9.3 36.8 10.0 11.2 12.1

14.5 8.1 47.0 27.7 21.5

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

429 6.0 16.2 11.5

136 2.7 20.8 18.2

64,899 2.4 20.7 15.6

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

.. .. .. .. .. 23.1 17.8 9.9 7.7

-0.8 .. .. .. 11.4 8.9 44.3 7.1 3.0

-0.6 .. 60.6 47.4 9.7 4.2 47.8

63.8 2,929 .. 5.8 2.5

56.5 3,723 2.2 95.1 51.8

36.8 3,001

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2011

43 8 40.1 2.9 43.0 18.0

5.5

100.6 34.6

133


Madagascar Sub-Saharan Africa

Low income Country data 2000

2009

Economic and social context 15.3 19.6 Population (millions) 7.3 9.7 Labor force (millions) 5.8 2.6 Unemployment rate (% of labor force) 250 430 GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) 3.9 3.6 GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) 29.2 29.1 Agriculture value added (% of GDP) 14.2 16.0 Industry value added (% of GDP) 12.2 14.1 Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) 56.6 54.9 Services value added (% of GDP) 11.9 9.0 Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) 1,353.5 1,956.2 Exchange rate (local currency units per $) 30.7 28.5 Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) 38.0 52.2 Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

Lowincome group 2009 846 384 .. 509 5.4 26.1 24.4 12.4 49.5 23.2 35.9

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

140 7 2 30.0 .. 37.7 15.8 0.7 0.1

.. .. .. .. ..

17.1 6.8 12.2 92.1 8.7

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

10 2.1 15.0 8.3

83 6.3 32.6 29.4

4,779 2.7 22.9 15.8

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

-2.0 111.9 11.1 14.0 7.1 8.6 8.8 18.0 11.5

-1.9 .. 14.5 17.3 .. .. 11.5 33.8 33.5

-1.4 .. 31.8 30.6 .. .. 26.3

11.6 .. .. 0.4 0.2

.. .. 13.6 30.6 1.6

12.0 231

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

134

2011

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

41 8 71.0 3.7 76.5 24.8

11.5

26.6 2.7


Sub-Saharan Africa

Malawi Low income

Country data 2000 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2009

Lowincome group 2009

11.8 5.0 .. 150 3.8 39.5 17.9 12.9 42.5 29.6 59.5 25.6 35.3

15.3 6.3 7.8 290 4.8 30.5 16.1 10.0 53.4 8.4 141.2 30.0 37.7

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

133 39 10 84.0 2.6 25.1 23.3 0.6 0.1

.. .. .. .. ..

3.5 11.4 20.6 59.2 17.9

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

5 1.5 12.3 2.3

73 1.3 21.8 14.9

4,779 2.7 22.9 15.8

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

.. .. 9.1 17.8 .. .. 9.1 17.3 19.9

.. .. 9.7 15.0 .. .. 14.2 15.6 21.8

-1.4 .. 31.8 30.6 .. .. 26.3

.. .. .. 0.4 0.1

45.0 .. 1.0 15.7 4.7

12.0 231

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2011

846 384 .. 509 5.4 26.1 24.4 12.4 49.5 23.2 35.9

41 8 71.0 3.7 76.5 24.8

11.5

26.6 2.7

135


Malaysia East Asia & Pacific

Upper middle income Country data 2000

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2009

23.3 9.7 3.0 3,450 3.7 8.6 48.3 30.9 43.1 1.5 3.8 119.8 100.6

27.5 12.0 3.7 7,350 5.1 9.5 44.3 25.5 46.2 0.6 3.5 96.4 74.9

Upper middleincome group 2009 1,002 458 9.1 7,502 4.4 6.2 31.5 16.7 62.4 25.4 24.2

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

21 17 9 75.0 2.3 33.7 16.7 41.6 2.5

7.3 .. 48.6 .. 31.4

7.8 .. 48.6 10.7 54.1

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

5,511 4.0 25.3 13.4

388 0.7 20.1 9.6

64,899 2.4 20.7 15.6

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

-4.1 43.0 135.4 112.9 8.5 15.4 135.0 -1.1 4.3

-6.4 53.3 138.0 134.7 9.0 3.7 117.1 12.6 3.0

-0.6 .. 60.6 47.4 9.7 4.2 47.8

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

76.2 2,742 .. 22.0 21.4

82.8 3,490 0.8 110.6 57.6

36.8 3,001

136

2011

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

43 8 40.1 2.9 43.0 18.0

5.5

100.6 34.6


Maldives

South Asia

Lower middle income Lower middleincome group 2009

Country data 2000 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2009

0.27 0.09 2.0 2,150 8.5 8.8 15.0 8.0 76.2 .. 11.8 89.5 71.6

0.31 0.15 14.4 3,970 6.4 5.0 17.4 6.8 77.5 4.0 12.8 67.0 94.2

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

85 9 5 9.0 6.7 9.3 0.0 0.9 3.1

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

2 2.1 26.3 ..

40 7.6 53.5 ..

41,477 2.0 34.9 19.9

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

-5.0 40.9 21.6 31.7 .. .. 19.1 11.7 6.1

-26.5 52.3 105.2 71.3 .. .. 82.5 -6.2 6.5

-2.3 .. 107.6 54.9 10.0 5.1 92.9

.. .. .. 2.8 2.2

100.0 .. .. 147.9 28.4

36.3 1,318

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2011

3,811 1,787 5.3 2,321 8.5 13.3 38.9 25.8 47.7 28.9 28.3

35 8 57.7 3.3 40.2 16.3

7.3

57.8 17.2

137


Mali

Sub-Saharan Africa

Low income Country data 2000

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2009

Lowincome group 2009

10.5 3.0 3.3 250 5.5 41.6 20.6 3.8 37.9 -0.7 712.0 26.8 39.4

13.0 3.8 8.8 680 5.3 36.5 24.2 3.1 39.1 2.2 472.2 26.2 35.6

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

153 8 6 31.0 3.6 52.2 12.9 .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

2.4 31.1 7.0 48.4 8.6

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

366 3.4 24.6 15.9

429 1.2 22.4 14.0

4,779 2.7 22.9 15.8

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

-3.4 .. 15.9 13.7 .. .. 16.6 .. ..

-2.1 .. 19.7 19.8 .. .. 17.4 .. ..

-1.4 .. 31.8 30.6 .. .. 26.3

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

12.1 .. .. 0.1 0.1

19.0 .. 4.2 28.8 1.9

12.0 231

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

138

2011

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

846 384 .. 509 5.4 26.1 24.4 12.4 49.5 23.2 35.9

41 8 71.0 3.7 76.5 24.8

11.5

26.6 2.7


Malta

High income Highincome group 2009

Country data 2000 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2009

0.39 0.16 6.5 10,110 4.9 2.3 50.9 22.4 46.8 2.4 0.4 92.1 102.7

0.41 0.17 6.9 18,360 2.0 1.8 33.0 13.6 65.2 2.1 0.3 74.2 73.7

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. 2.7 9.5

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

.. 15.4 23.1 ..

.. 11.2 14.5 ..

.. 2.0 18.0 ..

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

.. .. 134.2 125.4 .. .. 106.8 3.0 2.4

-3.8 81.1 160.6 145.4 15.2 2.4 135.5 2.1 2.6

-7.7 55.7 140.0 108.5 6.8 3.4 165.1

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

88.0 4,313 .. 29.3 13.1

87.5 4,806 .. 101.7 58.0

93.4 9,518

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2011

1,117 547 8.1 37,990 2.0 1.5 25.0 15.9 73.5 23.6 23.9

18 6 37.9 2.1 38.6 14.3

3.8

111.2 72.3

139


Marshall Islands East Asia & Pacific

Lower middle income Lower middleincome group 2009

Country data 2000 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2009

0.05 .. 30.9 2,420 -3.7 9.4 18.6 3.7 72.1 .. .. .. ..

0.06 .. .. 3,060 2.2 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

108 17 5 .. 2.0 64.9 0.0 .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

.. .. .. ..

.. .. .. ..

41,477 2.0 34.9 19.9

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

-2.3 .. 107.6 54.9 10.0 5.1 92.9

.. .. .. 0.9 1.6

.. .. .. 1.6 3.6

36.3 1,318

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

140

2011

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

3,811 1,787 5.3 2,321 8.5 13.3 38.9 25.8 47.7 28.9 28.3

35 8 57.7 3.3 40.2 16.3

7.3

57.8 17.2


Sub-Saharan Africa

Mauritania

Low income

Country data 2000 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2009

Lowincome group 2009

2.6 1.0 20.6 460 2.3 27.6 29.7 9.0 42.6 3.3 238.9 46.2 74.2

3.3 1.4 33.0 990 4.7 20.6 34.7 4.1 44.8 2.2 262.4 49.7 67.6

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

165 19 9 31.0 8.0 68.4 44.2 .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

5.8 48.2 3.2 7.5 5.9

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

43 3.7 19.4 14.8

43 -1.3 25.2 36.7

4,779 2.7 22.9 15.8

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

.. .. 24.3 10.3 .. .. 23.1 23.9 16.2

.. .. 35.4 24.6 .. .. 27.0 15.1 15.5

-1.4 .. 31.8 30.6 .. .. 26.3

.. .. .. 0.6 0.2

26.8 .. 3.7 66.3 2.3

12.0 231

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2011

846 384 .. 509 5.4 26.1 24.4 12.4 49.5 23.2 35.9

41 8 71.0 3.7 76.5 24.8

11.5

26.6 2.7

141


Mauritius Sub-Saharan Africa

Upper middle income Country data 2000

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2009

Upper middleincome group 2009

1.2 0.53 8.8 3,870 5.5 7.0 31.0 23.5 62.1 4.2 26.2 61.4 61.9

1.3 0.57 7.3 7,250 3.7 4.3 29.1 19.4 66.6 2.5 32.0 48.4 59.1

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

20 6 5 4.0 1.7 24.1 11.8 6.6 7.3

.. .. .. .. ..

9.4 0.3 37.5 18.7 11.1

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

338 5.8 22.9 16.5

35 3.0 26.2 19.5

64,899 2.4 20.7 15.6

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

.. .. 70.5 72.5 .. .. 57.5 18.3 11.2

0.6 38.9 109.9 98.3 .. .. 85.1 17.5 10.8

-0.6 .. 60.6 47.4 9.7 4.2 47.8

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

97.0 .. .. 15.2 7.3

98.0 .. 3.2 85.2 22.7

36.8 3,001

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

142

2011

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

1,002 458 9.1 7,502 4.4 6.2 31.5 16.7 62.4 25.4 24.2

43 8 40.1 2.9 43.0 18.0

5.5

100.6 34.6


Sub-Saharan Africa

Mayotte

Upper middle income

Upper middleincome group 2009

Country data 2000 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2009

0.16 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

0.20 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

.. .. .. ..

.. .. .. ..

64,899 2.4 20.7 15.6

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

-0.6 .. 60.6 47.4 9.7 4.2 47.8

.. .. .. 12.7 ..

.. .. .. 28.0 ..

36.8 3,001

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2011

1,002 458 9.1 7,502 4.4 6.2 31.5 16.7 62.4 25.4 24.2

43 8 40.1 2.9 43.0 18.0

5.5

100.6 34.6

143


Mexico

Latin America & Caribbean

Upper middle income Country data 2000

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2009

Upper middleincome group 2009

98.0 39.5 2.6 5,110 5.4 4.2 28.0 20.3 67.8 9.5 9.5 30.9 32.9

107.4 47.2 5.2 8,960 2.2 4.3 34.8 17.2 60.9 5.3 13.5 27.8 29.3

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

35 9 6 52.0 1.8 50.5 23.1 44.1 0.6

.. .. .. .. ..

20.5 9.6 2.6 8.3 20.3

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

5,277 3.1 21.4 17.8

4,165 1.7 21.8 16.0

64,899 2.4 20.7 15.6

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

-1.2 23.2 34.5 23.5 9.6 5.8 18.3 4.3 8.7

.. .. 40.1 25.9 9.7 3.1 23.3 2.7 5.1

-0.6 .. 60.6 47.4 9.7 4.2 47.8

32.8 1,722 .. 14.4 5.2

35.3 2,020 2.4 77.8 26.5

36.8 3,001

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

144

2011

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

1,002 458 9.1 7,502 4.4 6.2 31.5 16.7 62.4 25.4 24.2

43 8 40.1 2.9 43.0 18.0

5.5

100.6 34.6


Micronesia, Fed. Sts.

East Asia & Pacific

Lower middle income Lower middleincome group 2009

Country data 2000 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2009

0.11 .. .. 2,270 -0.3 .. .. .. .. .. 1.0 .. ..

0.11 .. .. 2,500 -0.2 .. .. .. .. .. 1.0 .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

141 16 7 .. 5.3 58.7 0.0 .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

12.4 0.0 7.2 67.1 6.0

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

.. .. .. ..

.. .. .. ..

41,477 2.0 34.9 19.9

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

.. .. .. .. .. .. 31.7 14.1 10.7

.. .. .. .. .. .. 21.6 6.8 14.1

-2.3 .. 107.6 54.9 10.0 5.1 92.9

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

17.5 .. .. 0.0 3.7

.. .. 5.8 34.3 15.4

36.3 1,318

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2011

3,811 1,787 5.3 2,321 8.5 13.3 38.9 25.8 47.7 28.9 28.3

35 8 57.7 3.3 40.2 16.3

7.3

57.8 17.2

145


Moldova

Europe & Central Asia

Lower middle income Country data 2000

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2009

4.1 1.9 8.5 370 -2.6 29.0 21.7 16.3 49.2 31.3 12.4 49.8 75.4

3.6 1.5 6.4 1,560 5.6 10.0 12.9 12.5 77.0 -0.1 11.1 36.8 73.4

Lower middleincome group 2009 3,811 1,787 5.3 2,321 8.5 13.3 38.9 25.8 47.7 28.9 28.3

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

90 10 8 37.0 2.8 30.9 0.0 4.2 1.3

7.0 73.3 28.0 19.1 8.8

7.0 15.5 30.8 24.3 9.1

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

125 9.9 15.4 13.8

117 2.4 25.8 22.1

41,477 2.0 34.9 19.9

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

-1.5 73.0 16.3 13.1 30.6 20.6 12.7 5.1 8.9

-5.7 24.4 43.0 40.0 16.0 16.3 36.2 18.1 5.6

-2.3 .. 107.6 54.9 10.0 5.1 92.9

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

86.1 892 .. 3.4 1.3

85.8 1,287 1.7 77.3 35.9

36.3 1,318

146

2011

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

35 8 57.7 3.3 40.2 16.3

7.3

57.8 17.2


Monaco

High income

Highincome group 2009

Country data 2000 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2009

0.03 0.03 .. .. 3.6 .. 91,070 197,590 2.9 4.3 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

1,117 547 8.1 37,990 2.0 1.5 25.0 15.9 73.5 23.6 23.9

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

.. .. .. ..

.. .. .. ..

.. 2.0 18.0 ..

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

-7.7 55.7 140.0 108.5 6.8 3.4 165.1

100.0 .. .. .. ..

100.0 .. .. .. ..

93.4 9,518

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2011

18 6 37.9 2.1 38.6 14.3

3.8

111.2 72.3

147


Mongolia East Asia & Pacific

Lower middle income Country data 2000

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

2009

2.4 2.7 1.1 1.4 3.4 3.3 410 1,630 3.0 7.4 32.7 23.5 20.3 32.7 4.6 4.7 47.0 43.8 11.6 6.3 1,076.7 1,437.8 56.4 55.8 70.9 62.6

Lower middleincome group 2009 3,811 1,787 5.3 2,321 8.5 13.3 38.9 25.8 47.7 28.9 28.3

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

73 13 7 9.0 4.0 23.0 9.5 .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

12.1 20.8 26.5 20.0 16.7

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

11 4.9 25.1 22.0

2 14.8 49.0 45.8

41,477 2.0 34.9 19.9

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

0.2 81.9 10.8 12.8 .. .. 7.2 8.6 20.2

-4.5 64.8 41.8 34.9 .. .. 43.9 21.3 8.4

-2.3 .. 107.6 54.9 10.0 5.1 92.9

3.5 1,080 .. 6.5 1.3

.. 1,473 2.6 84.2 13.1

36.3 1,318

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

148

2011

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

35 8 57.7 3.3 40.2 16.3

7.3

57.8 17.2


Europe & Central Asia

Montenegro

Upper middle income Country data

2000 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2009

Upper middleincome group 2009

0.66 .. .. 1,840 -1.6 12.5 23.4 10.2 64.1 .. 1.1 36.8 51.1

0.62 .. 30.3 6,650 4.7 10.0 20.1 5.9 69.9 .. 0.7 32.8 65.9

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

66 10 7 28.0 2.0 26.6 6.6 0.4 0.9

.. .. .. .. ..

6.8 3.4 75.9 30.9 13.0

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

10 .. 16.9 ..

306 32.0 26.8 18.3

64,899 2.4 20.7 15.6

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

.. .. .. .. .. .. 8.1 .. ..

.. .. .. .. 11.0 13.5 76.5 6.7 5.5

-0.6 .. 60.6 47.4 9.7 4.2 47.8

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. 7.0 120.5 44.9

36.8 3,001

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people) The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2011

1,002 458 9.1 7,502 4.4 6.2 31.5 16.7 62.4 25.4 24.2

43 8 40.1 2.9 43.0 18.0

5.5

100.6 34.6

149


Morocco

Middle East & North Africa

Lower middle income Country data 2000

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2009

Lower middleincome group 2009

28.8 10.2 13.6 1,310 3.4 14.9 29.1 17.5 56.0 1.9 10.6 28.0 33.4

32.0 12.0 10.0 2,770 5.0 16.4 28.5 15.9 55.1 1.0 8.1 28.6 39.5

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

114 12 6 85.0 1.8 41.7 18.1 26.2 1.3

.. .. .. .. ..

11.4 10.7 12.3 18.8 17.3

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

2,135 0.6 26.0 21.3

240 2.2 30.7 24.8

41,477 2.0 34.9 19.9

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

-3.1 56.5 66.4 59.2 9.8 17.5 51.0 14.0 8.2

1.0 46.9 99.9 87.0 7.6 5.5 64.4 9.9 8.0

-2.3 .. 107.6 54.9 10.0 5.1 92.9

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

56.4 489 .. 8.1 0.7

67.8 736 2.5 79.1 32.2

36.3 1,318

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

150

2011

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

3,811 1,787 5.3 2,321 8.5 13.3 38.9 25.8 47.7 28.9 28.3

35 8 57.7 3.3 40.2 16.3

7.3

57.8 17.2


Sub-Saharan Africa

Mozambique

Low income

Country data 2000 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2009

Lowincome group 2009

18.2 8.9 2.2 230 8.1 24.0 24.5 12.2 51.5 12.7 15.2 16.5 37.0

22.9 11.0 .. 440 7.9 31.5 23.6 13.6 44.9 3.3 27.5 25.1 43.8

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

126 13 9 134.0 5.0 34.3 27.7 .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

3.3 9.8 10.5 12.7 18.7

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

45 3.3 31.0 21.7

52 9.0 21.0 7.9

4,779 2.7 22.9 15.8

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

.. .. 19.3 23.3 8.2 17.8 16.7 6.3 9.3

.. .. 18.9 26.4 7.7 1.8 25.1 12.0 6.2

-1.4 .. 31.8 30.6 .. .. 26.3

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

18.7 122 .. 0.3 0.1

20.8 461 3.0 26.1 2.7

12.0 231

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2011

846 384 .. 509 5.4 26.1 24.4 12.4 49.5 23.2 35.9

41 8 71.0 3.7 76.5 24.8

11.5

26.6 2.7

151


Myanmar East Asia & Pacific

Low income Lowincome group 2009

Country data 2000 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2009

46.6 25.2 .. .. 8.1 57.2 9.7 7.2 33.1 -0.1 6.4 0.5 0.6

50.0 27.0 .. .. 13.0 48.4 16.2 11.6 35.4 1.5 5.5 0.2 0.1

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

325 .. 11.8 ..

556 .. 11.7 ..

4,779 2.7 22.9 15.8

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

.. .. 13.1 17.9 .. .. 10.4 12.5 5.5

-2.0 .. 5.3 8.1 .. .. 4.7 11.1 5.0

-1.4 .. 31.8 30.6 .. .. 26.3

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

11.4 75 .. 0.0 0.0

11.9 97 .. 0.9 0.2

12.0 231

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

152

2011

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

846 384 .. 509 5.4 26.1 24.4 12.4 49.5 23.2 35.9

41 8 71.0 3.7 76.5 24.8

11.5

26.6 2.7


Namibia Sub-Saharan Africa

Upper middle income Country data 2000

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2009

Upper middleincome group 2009

1.8 0.60 20.3 2,030 3.5 11.8 28.0 12.8 60.2 .. 6.9 40.9 44.5

2.2 0.78 37.6 4,270 5.3 9.4 32.7 14.7 58.0 8.8 8.5 46.6 59.9

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

69 66 10 24.0 1.5 9.6 4.0 .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

2.9 2.6 8.1 9.2 17.6

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

10 3.0 16.6 11.1

9 5.3 24.7 15.6

64,899 2.4 20.7 15.6

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

-1.6 .. 51.7 43.8 8.7 3.4 39.8 -9.0 7.9

2.0 .. 59.7 41.2 7.9 2.7 46.8 4.4 4.9

-0.6 .. 60.6 47.4 9.7 4.2 47.8

13.6 1,226 .. 4.5 1.6

.. 1,797 1.6 56.1 5.9

36.8 3,001

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2011

1,002 458 9.1 7,502 4.4 6.2 31.5 16.7 62.4 25.4 24.2

43 8 40.1 2.9 43.0 18.0

5.5

100.6 34.6

153


Nepal South Asia

Low income Country data 2000

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2009

Lowincome group 2009

24.4 10.2 8.8 220 4.6 40.8 22.1 9.4 37.0 2.5 71.1 23.3 32.4

29.3 13.3 .. 440 3.7 33.8 15.9 7.0 50.2 11.6 77.5 15.7 37.4

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

116 31 7 90.0 5.0 38.2 16.2 .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

6.5 14.9 17.5 9.0 3.1

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

30 0.0 19.3 12.4

14 0.3 21.2 17.1

4,779 2.7 22.9 15.8

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

.. 64.6 34.9 38.8 .. .. 30.7 4.8 3.5

-1.0 43.7 63.9 67.5 .. .. 59.4 -3.6 5.5

-1.4 .. 31.8 30.6 .. .. 26.3

.. 58 .. 0.0 0.2

55.9 89 52.0 26.0 2.1

12.0 231

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

154

2011

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

846 384 .. 509 5.4 26.1 24.4 12.4 49.5 23.2 35.9

41 8 71.0 3.7 76.5 24.8

11.5

26.6 2.7


Netherlands

High income Highincome group 2009

Country data 2000 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2009

15.9 8.1 2.7 26,580 4.1 2.6 24.9 15.6 72.4 2.3 2.0 70.1 64.5

16.5 9.0 3.4 48,460 1.7 1.7 24.0 12.6 74.3 1.2 .. 69.4 62.2

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

30 8 6 17.0 1.1 40.5 20.9 35.1 3.1

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

.. 16.4 21.9 ..

.. 4.2 19.1 ..

.. 2.0 18.0 ..

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

2.0 52.1 147.5 92.4 5.1 1.8 134.2 0.6 1.9

-4.8 58.3 223.6 134.7 4.3 0.8 215.3 2.3 -0.6

-7.7 55.7 140.0 108.5 6.8 3.4 165.1

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

90.0 6,560 .. 67.5 44.0

.. 7,226 .. 128.1 90.0

93.4 9,518

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2011

1,117 547 8.1 37,990 2.0 1.5 25.0 15.9 73.5 23.6 23.9

18 6 37.9 2.1 38.6 14.3

3.8

111.2 72.3

155


Netherlands Antilles

High income Highincome group 2009

Country data 2000 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2009

0.18 0.08 14.0 .. .. .. .. .. .. 5.8 1.8 .. ..

0.20 0.10 10.3 .. .. .. .. .. .. 1.8 1.8 .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. 1.2 8.0

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

.. .. .. ..

.. .. .. ..

.. 2.0 18.0 ..

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 6.1

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 5.3

-7.7 55.7 140.0 108.5 6.8 3.4 165.1

.. 5,402 .. 16.5 1.1

.. 5,342 .. 108.6 ..

93.4 9,518

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

156

2011

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

1,117 547 8.1 37,990 2.0 1.5 25.0 15.9 73.5 23.6 23.9

18 6 37.9 2.1 38.6 14.3

3.8

111.2 72.3


New Caledonia High income

Highincome group 2009

Country data 2000 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2009

0.21 0.09 .. 14,020 0.2 3.7 19.6 4.0 76.7 .. 129.5 13.1 33.0

0.25 0.11 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 87.2 .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

.. -1.5 .. ..

.. .. .. ..

.. 2.0 18.0 ..

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

-7.7 55.7 140.0 108.5 6.8 3.4 165.1

.. .. .. 23.4 14.1

.. .. .. 83.1 34.0

93.4 9,518

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2011

1,117 547 8.1 37,990 2.0 1.5 25.0 15.9 73.5 23.6 23.9

18 6 37.9 2.1 38.6 14.3

3.8

111.2 72.3

157


New Zealand

High income Highincome group 2009

Country data 2000 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2009

3.9 1.9 6.2 13,620 2.5 8.8 25.1 16.7 66.1 3.0 2.2 35.1 33.5

4.3 2.4 6.1 28,810 2.5 5.6 25.0 15.1 69.4 1.9 1.6 28.2 26.5

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

3 1 1 .. 1.3 34.3 30.4 47.9 17.1

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

.. 2.9 20.1 ..

.. -1.0 19.4 ..

.. 2.0 18.0 ..

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

1.7 33.5 116.1 78.7 .. .. 110.4 5.9 2.9

3.1 37.9 154.4 91.0 .. .. 147.0 8.6 6.3

-7.7 55.7 140.0 108.5 6.8 3.4 165.1

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

62.8 9,413 .. 40.0 47.5

65.9 9,492 .. 108.9 83.4

93.4 9,518

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

158

2011

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

1,117 547 8.1 37,990 2.0 1.5 25.0 15.9 73.5 23.6 23.9

18 6 37.9 2.1 38.6 14.3

3.8

111.2 72.3


Latin America & Caribbean

Nicaragua Lower middle income Country data 2000

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2009

Lower middleincome group 2009

5.1 1.9 9.8 730 5.0 20.9 28.2 17.0 50.9 7.1 12.7 23.9 51.1

5.7 2.3 5.0 1,000 3.3 19.0 29.6 20.0 51.4 3.7 20.3 35.1 61.2

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

117 39 6 22.0 2.2 63.2 24.8 .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

9.3 2.6 13.0 62.7 18.7

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

219 6.8 26.5 19.8

53 7.1 27.3 20.2

41,477 2.0 34.9 19.9

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

-3.6 .. 33.8 34.4 6.3 5.2 31.1 8.8 7.3

-2.3 .. 33.4 37.1 .. .. 34.4 -2.0 8.0

-2.3 .. 107.6 54.9 10.0 5.1 92.9

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

11.1 337 .. 1.8 1.0

12.0 457 12.5 55.8 3.5

36.3 1,318

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2011

3,811 1,787 5.3 2,321 8.5 13.3 38.9 25.8 47.7 28.9 28.3

35 8 57.7 3.3 40.2 16.3

7.3

57.8 17.2

159


Niger

Sub-Saharan Africa

Low income Country data 2000

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2009

Lowincome group 2009

11.0 3.6 1.5 170 3.4 37.8 17.8 6.8 44.4 2.9 712.0 17.8 25.7

15.3 4.8 .. 340 4.3 39.6 17.1 6.3 43.2 4.3 472.2 15.0 24.2

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

173 17 9 35.0 5.0 46.5 20.1 0.0 0.0

.. .. .. .. ..

21.1 13.7 9.3 37.1 4.6

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

13 0.5 11.2 4.6

87 13.7 18.5 12.2

4,779 2.7 22.9 15.8

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

.. .. 6.2 5.7 .. .. 4.8 .. ..

-0.9 .. 13.4 11.4 .. .. 12.2 .. ..

-1.4 .. 31.8 30.6 .. .. 26.3

25.7 .. .. 0.0 0.0

20.7 .. 20.1 17.0 0.8

12.0 231

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

160

2011

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

846 384 .. 509 5.4 26.1 24.4 12.4 49.5 23.2 35.9

41 8 71.0 3.7 76.5 24.8

11.5

26.6 2.7


Nigeria Sub-Saharan Africa

Lower middle income Country data 2000

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2009

Lower middleincome group 2009

124.8 39.2 .. 270 2.7 48.6 30.5 3.4 20.9 6.9 101.7 54.0 32.0

154.7 50.0 .. 1,190 6.6 32.7 40.7 2.6 26.6 11.5 148.9 35.9 27.2

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

137 31 8 50.0 2.0 32.2 21.8 65.1 0.8

.. .. .. .. ..

6.1 22.9 2.7 7.5 8.5

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

76 2.5 .. ..

3,057 3.3 .. ..

41,477 2.0 34.9 19.9

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

.. .. 17.7 14.9 7.4 22.6 12.5 -12.2 9.6

-1.7 3.0 45.2 33.7 18.4 6.6 37.6 19.1 5.1

-2.3 .. 107.6 54.9 10.0 5.1 92.9

.. 73 .. 0.0 0.1

15.0 126 26.3 47.2 28.4

36.3 1,318

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2011

3,811 1,787 5.3 2,321 8.5 13.3 38.9 25.8 47.7 28.9 28.3

35 8 57.7 3.3 40.2 16.3

7.3

57.8 17.2

161


Northern Mariana Islands

High income Highincome group 2009

Country data 2000 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2009

0.07 .. 3.8 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

0.09 .. 8.3 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

.. .. .. ..

.. .. .. ..

.. 2.0 18.0 ..

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

-7.7 55.7 140.0 108.5 6.8 3.4 165.1

.. .. .. 4.3 ..

.. .. .. 26.2 ..

93.4 9,518

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

162

2011

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

1,117 547 8.1 37,990 2.0 1.5 25.0 15.9 73.5 23.6 23.9

18 6 37.9 2.1 38.6 14.3

3.8

111.2 72.3


Norway

High income

Highincome group 2009

Country data 2000 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2009

4.5 2.4 3.4 35,870 3.6 2.1 42.0 10.6 56.0 3.1 8.8 46.5 29.4

4.8 2.6 3.2 84,640 2.1 1.2 40.1 9.5 58.7 2.2 6.3 42.0 27.3

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

8 7 5 13.0 0.9 41.6 24.4 13.8 4.5

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

.. 4.1 18.4 ..

.. 3.0 21.6 ..

.. 2.0 18.0 ..

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

15.7 23.5 69.8 45.9 7.0 1.2 65.5 -5.8 2.2

10.7 36.3 90.0 54.3 6.0 1.5 77.4 8.7 2.0

-7.7 55.7 140.0 108.5 6.8 3.4 165.1

76.0 24,994 .. 71.8 26.7

80.5 24,867 .. 110.5 91.8

93.4 9,518

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2011

1,117 547 8.1 37,990 2.0 1.5 25.0 15.9 73.5 23.6 23.9

18 6 37.9 2.1 38.6 14.3

3.8

111.2 72.3

163


Oman

High income Country data 2000

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2009

Highincome group 2009

2.4 0.88 .. 6,720 3.2 2.0 57.2 5.4 40.8 -0.8 0.4 59.2 31.4

2.8 1.1 .. 17,890 4.5 1.9 55.1 8.3 43.0 3.9 0.4 59.3 38.0

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

57 12 5 4.0 4.0 21.6 9.7 3.2 1.7

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. 31.0 14.7 10.8

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

.. 0.4 11.9 4.4

.. 4.8 .. ..

.. 2.0 18.0 ..

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

-4.4 19.1 42.1 28.4 12.8 11.3 36.8 -8.3 2.4

.. .. 45.7 41.0 13.5 3.5 49.0 -16.0 3.3

-7.7 55.7 140.0 108.5 6.8 3.4 165.1

30.0 3,153 .. 6.7 3.5

43.5 4,894 .. 139.5 43.5

93.4 9,518

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

164

2011

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

1,117 547 8.1 37,990 2.0 1.5 25.0 15.9 73.5 23.6 23.9

18 6 37.9 2.1 38.6 14.3

3.8

111.2 72.3


Pakistan South Asia

Lower middle income Country data 2000

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2009

138.1 41.6 7.2 490 3.0 25.9 23.3 14.7 50.7 4.4 53.6 13.4 14.7

169.7 58.1 5.0 1,000 5.2 21.6 24.3 17.1 54.2 13.6 81.7 12.8 20.4

Lower middleincome group 2009 3,811 1,787 5.3 2,321 8.5 13.3 38.9 25.8 47.7 28.9 28.3

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

83 21 10 90.0 2.8 31.6 14.3 2.8 0.0

8.7 .. 14.6 .. 17.0

2.2 58.8 9.7 106.3 9.6

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

77 0.4 15.9 10.3

2,732 1.5 17.4 12.7

41,477 2.0 34.9 19.9

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

-4.1 79.1 32.0 27.7 4.9 19.5 22.3 .. ..

-4.8 .. 38.4 31.6 10.1 12.2 23.5 -4.6 5.9

-2.3 .. 107.6 54.9 10.0 5.1 92.9

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

56.0 374 .. 0.2 1.4

65.4 436 34.1 60.7 12.0

36.3 1,318

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2011

35 8 57.7 3.3 40.2 16.3

7.3

57.8 17.2

165


Palau

East Asia & Pacific

Upper middle income Upper middleincome group 2009

Country data 2000 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2009

0.02 .. .. 6,260 1.2 3.9 15.3 1.4 80.8 .. .. 9.6 106.1

0.02 .. .. 6,220 1.2 3.5 20.7 0.5 75.8 .. .. 80.8 100.2

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

120 28 8 .. 1.0 73.0 65.9 .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

.. .. .. ..

.. .. .. ..

64,899 2.4 20.7 15.6

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

-0.6 .. 60.6 47.4 9.7 4.2 47.8

.. .. .. 12.3 20.0

.. .. .. 64.5 27.3

36.8 3,001

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

166

2011

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

1,002 458 9.1 7,502 4.4 6.2 31.5 16.7 62.4 25.4 24.2

43 8 40.1 2.9 43.0 18.0

5.5

100.6 34.6


Latin America & Caribbean

Panama

Upper middle income Country data 2000

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2009

Upper middleincome group 2009

3.0 1.3 13.8 3,740 5.0 7.2 19.1 10.1 73.6 1.5 1.0 72.6 69.8

3.5 1.6 5.9 6,570 6.9 5.8 17.1 6.4 77.1 2.4 1.0 77.0 61.1

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

72 9 6 44.0 2.5 50.1 17.0 0.5 0.3

.. .. .. .. ..

10.3 7.7 19.2 10.2 14.7

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

111 5.4 21.2 17.9

137 7.2 23.8 14.6

64,899 2.4 20.7 15.6

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

-0.8 .. 96.8 76.7 9.6 1.4 101.9 11.9 3.4

.. .. 87.5 86.2 11.7 1.4 85.7 4.0 4.8

-0.6 .. 60.6 47.4 9.7 4.2 47.8

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

34.6 1,301 .. 13.9 6.6

38.1 1,646 4.2 164.4 27.8

36.8 3,001

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2011

1,002 458 9.1 7,502 4.4 6.2 31.5 16.7 62.4 25.4 24.2

43 8 40.1 2.9 43.0 18.0

5.5

100.6 34.6

167


Papua New Guinea East Asia & Pacific

Lower middle income Lower middleincome group 2009

Country data 2000 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2009

5.4 2.3 .. 620 -0.8 35.8 41.4 7.5 22.8 15.6 2.8 66.2 49.2

6.7 3.0 .. 1,180 3.4 35.9 44.5 5.9 19.6 6.9 2.8 57.9 57.1

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

103 51 6 39.0 3.0 42.3 22.0 .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

71 2.7 20.4 ..

150 5.4 18.5 ..

41,477 2.0 34.9 19.9

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

-1.9 57.7 29.3 29.0 .. .. 17.2 3.9 9.1

.. .. 22.2 25.3 .. .. 32.1 14.2 7.8

-2.3 .. 107.6 54.9 10.0 5.1 92.9

3.5 .. .. 0.2 0.8

.. .. .. 13.4 1.9

36.3 1,318

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

168

2011

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

3,811 1,787 5.3 2,321 8.5 13.3 38.9 25.8 47.7 28.9 28.3

35 8 57.7 3.3 40.2 16.3

7.3

57.8 17.2


Latin America & Caribbean

Paraguay

Lower middle income Country data

2000

2009

Economic and social context 5.4 6.3 Population (millions) 2.3 3.0 Labor force (millions) 7.6 5.6 Unemployment rate (% of labor force) 1,350 2,250 GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) 0.1 3.4 GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) 17.0 19.3 Agriculture value added (% of GDP) 22.5 21.2 Industry value added (% of GDP) 15.5 13.0 Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) 60.5 59.5 Services value added (% of GDP) 9.0 2.6 Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) 3,486.4 4,965.4 Exchange rate (local currency units per $) 38.2 46.5 Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) 49.0 51.6 Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

Lower middleincome group 2009 3,811 1,787 5.3 2,321 8.5 13.3 38.9 25.8 47.7 28.9 28.3

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

106 35 7 99.0 3.9 35.0 9.6 .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

7.9 24.5 8.2 27.2 7.1

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

30 1.5 17.5 ..

93 1.4 15.2 15.1

41,477 2.0 34.9 19.9

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

-3.9 .. 28.6 22.2 12.4 12.3 29.8 13.1 11.1

0.1 .. 27.3 25.3 8.7 1.6 29.1 28.4 26.8

-2.3 .. 107.6 54.9 10.0 5.1 92.9

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

50.8 880 .. 15.3 0.7

.. 1,002 2.3 88.5 15.8

36.3 1,318

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2011

35 8 57.7 3.3 40.2 16.3

7.3

57.8 17.2

169


Peru Latin America & Caribbean

Upper middle income Country data 2000

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2009

26.0 11.2 7.4 2,050 2.4 8.5 29.9 15.8 61.6 3.8 3.5 16.0 18.2

29.2 13.6 6.8 4,200 6.0 7.3 34.1 14.0 58.6 2.9 3.0 23.6 19.7

Upper middleincome group 2009 1,002 458 9.1 7,502 4.4 6.2 31.5 16.7 62.4 25.4 24.2

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

36 27 6 17.0 3.1 40.2 26.0 51.2 2.7

.. .. 26.3 .. 2.6

13.5 1.6 30.9 81.6 14.6

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

952 1.5 20.2 16.3

1,753 3.7 24.0 18.2

64,899 2.4 20.7 15.6

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

-2.1 .. 28.5 25.8 9.1 9.0 26.0 25.4 20.2

-1.5 23.6 26.5 29.0 9.9 2.7 24.1 17.5 18.2

-0.6 .. 60.6 47.4 9.7 4.2 47.8

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

13.4 678 .. 4.9 3.1

13.9 1,032 0.9 84.7 27.7

36.8 3,001

170

2011

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

43 8 40.1 2.9 43.0 18.0

5.5

100.6 34.6


East Asia & Pacific

Philippines Lower middle income Country data 2000

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2009

Lower middleincome group 2009

77.7 31.5 11.2 970 3.5 15.8 32.3 22.2 52.0 4.0 44.2 55.4 53.5

92.0 38.8 7.5 1,790 4.9 14.8 30.2 20.4 55.0 3.2 47.7 31.7 30.8

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

148 38 15 91.0 5.7 45.8 21.3 11.4 0.2

.. .. .. .. ..

9.1 21.8 22.0 23.1 15.7

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

2,153 3.0 21.2 14.6

5,559 1.2 14.7 10.7

41,477 2.0 34.9 19.9

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

-3.9 52.9 54.4 58.0 13.6 24.0 39.2 4.3 2.6

-3.9 77.7 48.0 57.0 11.1 4.1 30.3 5.9 5.8

-2.3 .. 107.6 54.9 10.0 5.1 92.9

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

20.0 501 .. 8.3 2.0

9.9 588 1.0 81.0 6.5

36.3 1,318

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2011

3,811 1,787 5.3 2,321 8.5 13.3 38.9 25.8 47.7 28.9 28.3

35 8 57.7 3.3 40.2 16.3

7.3

57.8 17.2

171


Poland

High income Country data 2000

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2009

38.5 17.4 16.1 4,590 5.4 5.0 31.7 18.5 63.3 10.1 4.3 27.1 33.5

38.1 17.4 8.2 12,260 4.4 3.6 30.5 16.2 65.9 3.8 3.1 38.9 38.8

Highincome group 2009 1,117 547 8.1 37,990 2.0 1.5 25.0 15.9 73.5 23.6 23.9

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

70 32 6 13.0 3.0 42.3 17.7 14.4 0.5

7.8 29.4 29.2 8.2 11.4

12.8 4.8 40.7 83.0 17.3

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

7,807 5.5 23.7 21.3

4,638 3.2 21.0 21.0

.. 2.0 18.0 ..

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

-2.8 33.0 34.6 36.0 7.1 15.5 26.6 12.0 5.8

-6.1 48.1 63.1 46.6 9.0 7.6 52.9 3.9 3.3

-7.7 55.7 140.0 108.5 6.8 3.4 165.1

68.3 3,240 .. 17.5 7.3

68.2 3,732 2.3 116.8 58.8

93.4 9,518

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

172

2011

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

18 6 37.9 2.1 38.6 14.3

3.8

111.2 72.3


Portugal

High income

Country data 2000 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2009

Highincome group 2009

10.2 5.2 3.9 12,070 4.3 3.7 28.0 17.5 68.3 2.8 180.1 29.0 40.0

10.6 5.6 9.5 21,910 0.8 2.3 22.8 13.0 74.8 -0.8 .. 28.0 35.6

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

31 6 6 97.0 2.0 43.3 14.9 27.8 3.9

.. .. .. .. ..

1.1 52.1 24.4 5.7 12.7

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

.. 5.7 27.7 ..

.. 1.2 19.5 ..

.. 2.0 18.0 ..

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

-2.6 58.2 128.0 89.5 5.8 2.2 126.6 1.8 2.8

-8.7 84.4 194.9 117.4 6.5 3.2 187.8 .. ..

-7.7 55.7 140.0 108.5 6.8 3.4 165.1

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

86.0 4,014 .. 65.2 16.4

86.0 4,822 .. 142.8 48.6

93.4 9,518

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2011

1,117 547 8.1 37,990 2.0 1.5 25.0 15.9 73.5 23.6 23.9

18 6 37.9 2.1 38.6 14.3

3.8

111.2 72.3

173


Puerto Rico

High income Highincome group 2009

Country data 2000 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2009

3.8 1.4 10.1 10,560 4.4 0.9 41.3 38.3 57.8 .. .. 75.2 98.0

4.0 1.5 13.4 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

47 7 7 .. 3.8 67.7 26.3 .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

.. .. .. ..

.. .. .. ..

.. 2.0 18.0 ..

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

-7.7 55.7 140.0 108.5 6.8 3.4 165.1

94.0 .. .. 34.6 10.5

95.0 .. .. 68.5 25.2

93.4 9,518

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

174

2011

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

1,117 547 8.1 37,990 2.0 1.5 25.0 15.9 73.5 23.6 23.9

18 6 37.9 2.1 38.6 14.3

3.8

111.2 72.3


Qatar

High income

Highincome group 2009

Country data 2000 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2009

0.62 0.35 3.9 .. .. .. .. .. .. 1.7 3.6 67.3 22.3

1.4 1.00 0.5 .. 14.2 .. .. .. .. -4.9 3.6 46.7 31.2

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

50 12 8 69.0 2.8 11.3 0.0 .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

.. .. 19.5 ..

.. .. 39.3 ..

.. 2.0 18.0 ..

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

.. .. 54.4 41.9 .. .. 26.8 .. ..

15.2 .. 75.8 58.5 .. .. 51.5 31.0 2.8

-7.7 55.7 140.0 108.5 6.8 3.4 165.1

90.0 13,782 .. 19.6 4.9

.. 15,682 .. 175.4 28.3

93.4 9,518

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2011

1,117 547 8.1 37,990 2.0 1.5 25.0 15.9 73.5 23.6 23.9

18 6 37.9 2.1 38.6 14.3

3.8

111.2 72.3

175


Romania

Europe & Central Asia

Upper middle income Country data 2000

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2009

22.4 11.8 7.0 1,690 -2.1 12.5 36.4 14.5 51.1 45.7 2.2 32.7 37.9

21.5 9.5 6.9 8,330 5.6 7.2 26.0 21.5 66.9 5.6 3.0 33.3 40.2

Upper middleincome group 2009 1,002 458 9.1 7,502 4.4 6.2 31.5 16.7 62.4 25.4 24.2

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

56 10 6 8.0 3.3 44.9 10.4 56.7 3.7

8.6 35.2 19.8 20.1 21.7

9.2 12.1 37.3 42.0 26.1

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

901 2.8 18.9 ..

3,037 3.9 30.3 28.0

64,899 2.4 20.7 15.6

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

-2.0 .. 12.4 19.7 8.6 3.3 7.2 6.7 20.7

-4.6 .. 48.5 32.9 7.6 15.3 47.1 10.1 5.3

-0.6 .. 60.6 47.4 9.7 4.2 47.8

49.5 1,988 .. 11.1 3.6

30.2 2,488 3.0 118.1 36.2

36.8 3,001

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

176

2011

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

43 8 40.1 2.9 43.0 18.0

5.5

100.6 34.6


Russian Federation

Europe & Central Asia

Upper middle income Country data

2000 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2009

146.3 72.3 10.6 1,710 1.2 6.4 37.9 17.1 55.6 20.8 28.1 44.1 24.0

141.9 75.9 8.2 9,340 6.0 4.7 32.8 15.0 62.5 11.7 31.7 27.7 20.4

Upper middleincome group 2009 1,002 458 9.1 7,502 4.4 6.2 31.5 16.7 62.4 25.4 24.2

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

123 30 9 17.0 3.8 46.5 9.0 261.6 2.6

8.2 54.2 11.1 10.2 20.3

19.9 17.4 30.6 57.5 11.7

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

1,939 1.0 16.9 15.1

5,827 3.0 21.4 18.2

64,899 2.4 20.7 15.6

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

7.0 49.0 21.3 15.6 12.1 7.7 13.4 -9.6 17.9

5.3 8.6 47.5 37.8 15.7 9.7 45.3 12.5 6.7

-0.6 .. 60.6 47.4 9.7 4.2 47.8

67.4 5,209 .. 2.2 2.0

80.1 6,435 1.5 162.5 42.1

36.8 3,001

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2011

43 8 40.1 2.9 43.0 18.0

5.5

100.6 34.6

177


Rwanda

Sub-Saharan Africa

Low income Country data 2000

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2009

Lowincome group 2009

8.0 3.7 .. 250 10.1 37.2 13.6 7.0 49.2 3.9 389.7 8.7 25.7

10.0 5.0 .. 490 7.6 34.2 14.5 6.4 51.3 10.4 568.3 11.7 29.2

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

58 3 2 26.0 .. 31.3 21.2 3.0 0.5

.. .. .. .. ..

5.9 4.9 15.9 18.2 10.8

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

8 0.5 18.3 12.1

183 2.3 21.8 10.6

4,779 2.7 22.9 15.8

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

.. .. 11.3 13.0 8.1 57.0 10.4 20.6 6.9

.. .. 12.6 14.2 13.0 13.1 11.2 3.3 9.8

-1.4 .. 31.8 30.6 .. .. 26.3

.. .. .. 0.5 0.1

19.0 .. 13.6 24.3 4.5

12.0 231

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

178

2011

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

846 384 .. 509 5.4 26.1 24.4 12.4 49.5 23.2 35.9

41 8 71.0 3.7 76.5 24.8

11.5

26.6 2.7


East Asia & Pacific

Samoa

Lower middle income Country data 2000

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2009

Lower middleincome group 2009

0.18 0.06 5.0 1,420 3.3 16.8 26.0 14.8 57.2 1.0 3.3 33.8 57.2

0.18 0.06 .. 2,840 3.5 11.9 26.7 9.4 61.4 6.3 2.7 33.5 58.5

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

61 9 5 9.0 2.5 18.9 11.9 .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

12.1 19.6 48.3 9.8 31.4

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

10 -0.6 .. ..

.. 0.6 .. ..

41,477 2.0 34.9 19.9

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

.. .. 33.1 34.4 .. .. 30.6 8.9 6.9

.. .. 34.9 37.6 .. .. 44.8 10.3 7.3

-2.3 .. 107.6 54.9 10.0 5.1 92.9

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

14.2 .. .. 1.4 0.6

.. .. 5.2 84.4 5.0

36.3 1,318

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2011

3,811 1,787 5.3 2,321 8.5 13.3 38.9 25.8 47.7 28.9 28.3

35 8 57.7 3.3 40.2 16.3

7.3

57.8 17.2

179


San Marino

High income Highincome group 2009

Country data 2000 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2009

.. .. 3.0 .. 5.5 .. .. .. .. .. 1.1 .. ..

0.03 .. 2.6 50,670 3.2 .. .. .. .. 2.2 0.7 .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

.. .. .. ..

.. .. .. ..

.. 2.0 18.0 ..

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

1.3 16.5 133.1 139.2 .. .. .. 6.4 6.6

6.2 62.0 .. .. .. .. .. 4.5 5.0

-7.7 55.7 140.0 108.5 6.8 3.4 165.1

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. 76.3 54.1

93.4 9,518

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

180

2011

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

1,117 547 8.1 37,990 2.0 1.5 25.0 15.9 73.5 23.6 23.9

18 6 37.9 2.1 38.6 14.3

3.8

111.2 72.3


São Tomé and Príncipe Sub-Saharan Africa

Lower middle income Lower middleincome group 2009

Country data 2000

2009

Economic and social context 0.14 0.16 Population (millions) 0.05 0.06 Labor force (millions) 14.4 16.7 Unemployment rate (% of labor force) .. 1,130 GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) .. 6.3 GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) 19.7 16.8 Agriculture value added (% of GDP) 16.9 20.5 Industry value added (% of GDP) 5.7 6.4 Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) 63.5 62.7 Services value added (% of GDP) .. .. Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) 7,978.2 16,208.5 Exchange rate (local currency units per $) .. .. Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) .. .. Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

3,811 1,787 5.3 2,321 8.5 13.3 38.9 25.8 47.7 28.9 28.3

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

178 144 10 91.0 .. 33.3 21.9 .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

2 3.9 .. ..

50 3.9 .. ..

41,477 2.0 34.9 19.9

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

.. .. .. .. .. .. 4.3 25.7 18.7

.. .. .. .. .. .. 34.6 14.6 19.7

-2.3 .. 107.6 54.9 10.0 5.1 92.9

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

68.1 .. .. 0.0 4.6

.. .. .. 39.3 16.4

36.3 1,318

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2011

35 8 57.7 3.3 40.2 16.3

7.3

57.8 17.2

181


Saudi Arabia

High income Highincome group 2009

Country data 2000 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2009

20.6 6.3 4.6 8,150 2.3 4.9 53.9 9.7 41.1 -1.1 3.8 43.7 24.9

25.4 8.6 5.4 17,210 3.8 2.9 50.6 10.4 46.4 5.1 3.8 53.7 42.7

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

11 5 4 80.0 1.5 14.5 2.1 .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

.. -1.0 17.5 ..

.. 2.8 24.7 ..

.. 2.0 18.0 ..

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

.. .. 42.0 16.2 9.6 10.4 24.4 .. ..

.. .. 65.6 31.0 11.9 3.3 52.1 .. ..

-7.7 55.7 140.0 108.5 6.8 3.4 165.1

29.9 5,670 .. 6.7 2.2

21.5 7,527 .. 176.7 38.6

93.4 9,518

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

182

2011

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

1,117 547 8.1 37,990 2.0 1.5 25.0 15.9 73.5 23.6 23.9

18 6 37.9 2.1 38.6 14.3

3.8

111.2 72.3


Sub-Saharan Africa

Senegal

Lower middle income Country data 2000

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2009

Lower middleincome group 2009

9.9 4.1 .. 510 4.4 19.1 23.2 14.7 57.6 0.7 712.0 27.9 37.2

12.5 5.4 10.0 1,040 4.3 16.6 21.7 12.7 61.7 -1.1 472.2 24.0 44.0

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

152 8 4 38.0 3.0 46.0 14.8 1.6 0.2

.. .. .. .. ..

2.9 18.7 19.8 9.4 6.1

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

79 1.3 22.4 17.9

520 1.6 27.9 17.8

41,477 2.0 34.9 19.9

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

-0.9 73.7 21.4 18.4 9.9 18.1 18.7 .. ..

.. .. 29.1 28.6 9.3 18.7 24.7 .. ..

-2.3 .. 107.6 54.9 10.0 5.1 92.9

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

29.3 101 .. 2.5 0.4

29.3 158 11.8 55.1 7.4

36.3 1,318

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2011

3,811 1,787 5.3 2,321 8.5 13.3 38.9 25.8 47.7 28.9 28.3

35 8 57.7 3.3 40.2 16.3

7.3

57.8 17.2

183


Serbia

Europe & Central Asia

Upper middle income Country data 2000

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2009

7.5 .. .. 1,400 1.5 21.4 32.6 .. 46.0 71.1 63.2 23.9 40.5

7.3 .. 16.6 6,000 5.0 12.9 27.7 .. 59.4 7.8 67.6 27.5 43.9

Upper middleincome group 2009 1,002 458 9.1 7,502 4.4 6.2 31.5 16.7 62.4 25.4 24.2

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

89 13 7 25.0 2.7 34.0 11.6 9.7 1.9

10.3 44.8 10.6 8.7 9.6

12.2 3.6 42.8 109.5 21.8

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

345 0.9 12.7 9.9

190 4.5 23.8 20.7

64,899 2.4 20.7 15.6

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

.. .. 62.4 14.1 18.3 21.6 49.1 -40.1 -72.4

-2.6 .. 51.4 40.4 21.0 15.5 42.2 1.6 0.0

-0.6 .. 60.6 47.4 9.7 4.2 47.8

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

62.7 4,199 .. .. ..

47.7 4,284 1.1 135.4 56.1

36.8 3,001

184

2011

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

43 8 40.1 2.9 43.0 18.0

5.5

100.6 34.6


Sub-Saharan Africa

Seychelles Upper middle income

Upper middleincome group 2009

Country data 2000 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2009

0.08 .. 9.8 7,420 6.6 3.0 29.0 19.2 68.0 6.3 5.7 78.2 81.4

0.09 .. 5.5 8,480 1.7 2.0 19.7 11.8 78.3 31.8 13.6 119.3 127.6

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

95 39 10 39.0 .. 44.1 20.8 .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

7 4.0 25.2 13.8

15 32.5 24.2 20.9

64,899 2.4 20.7 15.6

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

-13.9 .. 96.5 83.8 .. .. 22.3 9.4 6.0

4.3 .. 103.1 105.9 .. .. 25.1 -10.3 5.6

-0.6 .. 60.6 47.4 9.7 4.2 47.8

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

84.5 .. .. 32.0 7.4

96.5 .. .. 104.9 38.6

36.8 3,001

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2011

1,002 458 9.1 7,502 4.4 6.2 31.5 16.7 62.4 25.4 24.2

43 8 40.1 2.9 43.0 18.0

5.5

100.6 34.6

185


Sierra Leone Sub-Saharan Africa

Low income Country data 2000

2009

Economic and social context 4.2 5.7 Population (millions) 1.7 2.1 Labor force (millions) .. 3.4 Unemployment rate (% of labor force) 150 340 GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) -5.0 9.5 GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) 58.4 51.4 Agriculture value added (% of GDP) 28.4 22.1 Industry value added (% of GDP) 3.5 3.7 Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) 13.3 26.6 Services value added (% of GDP) .. 9.3 Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) 2,092.1 3,385.7 Exchange rate (local currency units per $) 18.1 15.7 Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) 39.3 28.5 Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

Lowincome group 2009 846 384 .. 509 5.4 26.1 24.4 12.4 49.5 23.2 35.9

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

143 12 6 189.0 2.6 235.6 0.0 .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

7.4 8.6 6.9 14.8 13.8

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

3 6.1 6.9 1.7

23 3.8 15.1 7.4

4,779 2.7 22.9 15.8

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

-9.3 247.4 7.5 9.1 18.5 37.9 2.1 19.0 17.0

-3.1 .. 12.5 14.6 18.9 16.5 9.3 12.0 14.8

-1.4 .. 31.8 30.6 .. .. 26.3

7.9 .. .. 0.3 0.1

.. .. 15.9 20.4 0.3

12.0 231

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

186

2011

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

41 8 71.0 3.7 76.5 24.8

11.5

26.6 2.7


Singapore

High income

Highincome group 2009

Country data 2000 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2009

4.0 2.1 6.0 23,350 5.7 .. 35.6 27.7 64.3 1.4 1.7 191.4 176.4

5.0 2.7 5.9 37,220 6.5 .. 26.3 19.4 74.0 0.6 1.5 220.5 202.6

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

1 3 3 4.0 0.8 25.4 7.4 26.4 7.4

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

.. 17.8 30.6 22.5

.. 9.2 26.8 17.0

.. 2.0 18.0 ..

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

11.4 86.9 120.6 108.4 10.0 3.4 99.5 2.0 4.1

1.7 113.3 133.9 135.8 10.5 2.3 103.2 7.4 5.1

-7.7 55.7 140.0 108.5 6.8 3.4 165.1

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

100.0 7,575 .. 68.2 32.3

100.0 8,185 .. 133.4 73.3

93.4 9,518

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2011

1,117 547 8.1 37,990 2.0 1.5 25.0 15.9 73.5 23.6 23.9

18 6 37.9 2.1 38.6 14.3

3.8

111.2 72.3

187


Slovak Republic

High income Country data 2000

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2009

5.4 2.6 18.8 5,370 3.7 4.5 36.2 24.7 59.3 12.0 46.0 70.5 73.0

5.4 2.7 12.1 16,130 5.8 2.6 34.5 19.3 62.9 1.6 21.4 99.5 103.7

Highincome group 2009 1,117 547 8.1 37,990 2.0 1.5 25.0 15.9 73.5 23.6 23.9

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

41 16 6 26.0 4.0 48.7 7.0 15.8 4.0

6.1 41.2 9.6 15.2 20.0

6.7 3.1 33.5 25.0 28.6

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

.. 7.2 25.8 23.8

.. 0.0 26.1 22.2

.. 2.0 18.0 ..

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

.. .. 84.9 56.9 4.6 13.7 51.1 5.0 6.4

-7.3 38.1 53.8 48.8 9.6 5.3 44.7 2.8 4.3

-7.7 55.7 140.0 108.5 6.8 3.4 165.1

87.0 4,956 .. 23.1 9.4

87.0 5,268 1.2 101.5 75.0

93.4 9,518

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

188

2011

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

18 6 37.9 2.1 38.6 14.3

3.8

111.2 72.3


Slovenia

High income

Country data 2000 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2009

2.0 0.96 7.2 11,090 4.4 3.3 35.8 25.8 60.9 8.9 222.7 53.9 57.4

2.0 1.0 5.9 23,520 3.8 2.4 33.9 22.1 63.8 0.9 191.0 58.9 57.4

Highincome group 2009 1,117 547 8.1 37,990 2.0 1.5 25.0 15.9 73.5 23.6 23.9

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) ISO certification ownership (% of firms)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

42 6 2 37.0 2.0 35.4 14.8 5.8 4.2

4.4 14.7 12.7 6.4 32.0

7.3 0.0 52.2 60.8 28.0

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

.. 0.7 26.1 57.3

.. -1.2 24.0 59.1

.. 2.0 18.0 ..

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

-1.1 22.2 46.7 44.9 10.1 6.5 35.9 9.9 5.7

-5.5 .. 93.6 55.8 8.3 2.3 94.0 4.0 4.5

-7.7 55.7 140.0 108.5 6.8 3.4 165.1

100.0 5,778 .. 61.1 15.1

100.0 6,920 2.7 102.8 63.6

93.4 9,518

Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development

2011

18 6 37.9 2.1 38.6 14.3

3.8

111.2 72.3

189


Solomon Islands East Asia & Pacific

Low income Lowincome group 2009

Country data 2000 Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) GDP growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of GDP) Industry value added (% of GDP) Manufacturing value added (% of GDP) Services value added (% of GDP) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

2009

0.42 0.09 31.9 1,000 -1.9 34.7 12.7 8.0 52.6 7.9 5.1 24.1 38.6

0.52 0.12 .. 910 4.5 38.9 6.1 3.8 55.0 7.1 8.1 33.5 46.9

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

96 57 7 44.0 1.0 36.4 25.8 .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

Private sector investment Invest. in infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)

.. 3.0 6.1 ..

5 17.9 13.4 ..

4,779 2.7 22.9 15.8

Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of GDP) Government debt (% of GDP) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of GDP) Total financial system deposits (% of GDP) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)

.. .. 23.3 24.0 .. .. 16.0 3.5 11.6

.. .. .. .. .. .. 28.3 6.6 11.1

-1.4 .. 31.8 30.6 .. .. 26.3

2.4 .. .. 0.3 0.5

.. .. .. 5.7 1.9

12.0 231

Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183;