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05

rh;tNjrj;jpd; murpay;...

07

Kw;Wg;ngwhj Kw;WifAk;...

ehl;Lf;Fs;Ns... 03

11 08 kf;fs; vOr;rpAk; ... z«_: 136

itutupfs; itfhrp - Mdp> 2007

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fUk;Gypfs; tPukuGk; jkpoupd; vOr;rpAk; vjphpaplk; ,y;yhj rf;jpkpf;f NghuhAjk; Kjw;fUk;Gyp fsk;GFe;J xU Gjpa tPutuyhw;iwj; njhlf;fp itj;J xd; W jk; k plk; ,Ug; g ij xU ,dg; n gUik ,UgJ tUlq;fs; G+h;j;jpahfptpl;ld. fg;ld; kpy;yh; vd;w me;j tPug; ahfNt jkpo; kf;fs; Nehf;fpg; ngUkpjk; mil Gypapd; jlj;jpy; ,d;W E}w;Wf;fzf;fhd fUk;Gypfs; rhjid gilj;Jj; fpd;wdh;. jkpohpd; tpLjiyg;Nghuhl;lj;ij cr;r epiyf;Ff; nfhz;L nrd;Ws;sdh;. jkpohpd; gilgyk; ,g;NghJ cah;epiy jkpoP o j; Njrpaj; jiyth; NkjF Nt.gpughfud; mth; f spd; rpe; j idapy; gpwe; j fUk;Gypg; Nghh;tbtk; ,d;W cyifNa tpaf;f itf;Fk; msTf;F tPuKk; - jpahfKk; - Neh;jj ; pAk; epiwe;jjhfg; Nghw;wg;gLfpd;wJ. ‘gytPdkhd vq;fs; ,dj;jpd; gykhd MAjk; j hd; fUk; G ypfs; ’ vd; W jiyth; $wpAs;sJ murpay; mh;jj ; k; epiwe;j thpahFk;. fUk;Gypg; Nghu;tbtk; rpq;fs muirAk; mjd; gilfisAk; rjh mr;RWj;jpf;nfhz;Nl ,Uf;fpwJ. mth;fshy; nty;yg;gl Kbahj xU

Nghh;tbtkhfNt fUk;Gyp eltbf;iffs; fhzg; apy; cs;sJ. mJNghy kf;fspd; tpLjiygw;wpa ek;gpf;ifAk; cr;r epiyapy; cs;sJ. gLfpd;wd. fUk; G ypr; n raw; g hLfspd; ,UgJtUl jiug;NghhpYk; - flw;rkh;fspYk; fUk; tuyhW jkpoh;fsplk; xU Njrpa vOr;rpia cj; Gypfspd; gq; f hw; W if msg; g hpa Nghuhl; l g; Ntfg;gLj;jptUfpd;wJ. fUk;Gypfspd; tPukuG gq;fspg;ghfNt tpsq;fptUfpd;wJ. vkJ Gjpa re;jjpapdhplKk; GFe;J mth;fisAk; fUk;Gypfspd; tPur;nraw;ghLfSk; - mjp vopr;rpnfhs;sitg;gij ,d;W ehk; fhzKbAk;. cr;r mh;gg; zpg;G czh;Tk; jkpoh;fsJ kdjpy; jkpoiu eRf;f tpUk;Gk; vtiuAk; fUk; Mokhd jhf;fq;fis tpistpj;Js;sJ. GypgN ; ghh;tbtk; mr;RWj;jpfn ; fhz;NlapUf;fpdw ; J. jkpo; kf;fspd; Njrpa czh;Tf;Fk; - jkpopdj;jpd; xU ghJfhg;Gf; ftrkhfNt fUk;Gypg; kz;gw;wpw;Fk; fUk;Gypfspd; nraw;ghLfs; Cf;f Nghh;tbtk; jpfo;fpd;wJ. rf;jpahf mike;Js;sd. (02Mk; gf;fk; ghh;ff ; )

05.07.2007 md;W fUk;Gypfs; ehs; epfo;tpy; RlNww;Wk; jkpoPoj; Njrpaj; jiyth;


rpq;fs murplk; epue;jukhd xU murpay; rpj;jhe;jk; cz;L. ,yq;ifj; jPT rpq;fs - ngsj;jh;fSf;F kl;LNk chpj;jhd epyk; vd;gJ me;jr; rpj;jhe;jkhFk;. rpq;fs - ngsj;jh;fisj; jtpu NtW ve;j ,d kf;fSf;Fk; ,yq;ifj; jPtpy; ,lkpy;iy vd;W me;j ,dthjr; rpj;jhe;jk; $Wfpd;wJ. rpq;fsj;jpd; ve;jf; fl;rp my;yJ ve;jj; jiyth; Ml;rpg; nghWg;Gf;F te;jhYk; ,e;j ,dthj murpay; rpj;jhe;jj;jpy; kl;Lk; khw;wNk ,Uf;fhJ. rpq; f s - ngsj; j g; Nghpdthjr; rpj; j he; jj;jpd; Kjyhk; vjphpahfj; jkpo; ,dNk cs;sJ. jkpo; kf;fSk; - jkpohpd; jhaf epyKk; mjd; njhlh; r ; r pahdJk; - F&ukhdJkhd jhf; F jy; fSf;F ,iltplhJ Kfk; nfhLj;Nj tUfpd;wJ. jkpopd mopg; G vd; g J mjd; jhuf ke; j pukhf ,Ue;JtUfpd;wJ. Kd;dh;> “,df;fytuq;fs;” vd;w ngah; fspy; fhyj;jpw;Ff; fhyk; jkpopd mopg;Gfisr; nra;Jte;jhh;fs;. ,g;NghJ “gaq;futhjj;jpw;F vjpuhd Nghh;” vd;w Nghh;itapy; ,d mopg;Gr; nra;JtUfpd;wdh;. Kd;dh;> tptrha mgptpUj;jpj; jpl;lq;fs; vd; w ngah; f spy; jkpoh; epyj; i j mgfhpj; J r; rpq;fsth;fisf; Fbakh;j;jpdhh;fs;. gpd;dh;> rpq;fsj;jpd; ,iwik kw;Wk; Njrpa ghJfhg;ngd;W fhuzk; $wpf;nfhz;L jpl;lkpl;l rp;q;fsf; FbNaw;wq;fis jkpoh; jhafg; gFjpfspy; mikj;jdh;. ,g; N ghJ> ,uhZt cah; g hJfhg; G tyaq; f s; kw; W k; nghUshjhu tyaq;fs; vd;W $wpf;nfhz;L jkpo; kf;fisf; FbnaOg;gpf; fiyj;J epyg;gwpg;igr; nra;a Kidfpd;wdh;. cs;ehl;by; mfjpfshf khwp ,yl;rf;fzf;fhd jkpo; kf;fs; my;yYWtjw;Fr; rpq;fs murpd; ,dntwpr; rpj;jhe;jNk fhuzkhf cs;sJ. nfhOk;G efhpypUe;J jkpo; kf;fis ntspNaw;w rpq;fs muR vLj; j ,dr; Rj; j pfhpg; G eltbf; i ffs; mjd; ,dthjr; rpj;jhe;jj;jpd; eilKiw tbtkhFk;.

rpq;fs muR kPJ my;yJ mjd; eph;thff; fl;likg;Gfs; kPJ rthy;fs; Rkj;jg;gLk;Nghnjy;yhk; mtw;iw xU rhl;lhf vLj;J jkpo; kf;fs; kPjhd xU ,dr; Rj;jpfhpg;G eltbf;ifahf mKw; gLj;JtJ rpq;fs murpd; ,dthj kughFk;. rh;tNjr ehLfspd; mOj;jq;fSf;F gzpe;Nj nfhOk;G tho; jkpoh; f spd; ntspNaw; w j; i jr; rpq; f s muR tpyf; f pf; nfhz;lJ. MapDk; khw;Wtopfspy;> NjitNaw;gl;lhy; kPz;Lk; ,NjtopapNyNa jkpoh; f is ,dr; R j; j pfhpg; G r; nra;a rpq;fs muR jaq;fhJ. Njrpag; ghJfhg;G vd;W rpq;fs muR nrhy;tJk; jkpopd mopg;igNa Fwpj;J epw;fpd;wJ. rh; t Njrf; fz; l dq; f s; - vjph; eltbf; iffs; vd;gtw;wpw;F kj;jpapYk; rpq;fs ,uhZt ,ae;jpuj;ij ngUnkLg;gpy; tphpthf;f kfpe;j muR Kay;fpd;wJ. rPdhtpypUe;J - ghfp];jhdpypUe;J etPd NghuhAjq;fis thq;fpf; Ftpj;JtUfpd;wJ. Ik;gjhapuk; Ngiug; gilf;Fj; jpul;l kfpe;j muR cj;Njrpj;Js;sJ. kfpe;j murpd; Nghh; Kidg;ig cyf ehLfs; fz;bj;J - vr;rhpf;iffs; nra;Js; sd. vdpDk;> kfpe;j muR mjidf;fUj;jpy; vLf;f tpy;iy. khwhf> rpq;fs muir mjd; fLk;Nghf;F kw;Wk; ,dntwp eltbf;iffSf;fhff; fz;bj;j cyf ehLfisNa J}f;fpnawpe;J Ngrp jdJ ntspehl;L ntWg;Gzh;it kfpe;j muR ntspg;gLj; jpAs;sJ. jkpoh;fSf;F vjpuhd ,dntwp kw;Wk; ntspehLfs; kPjhd ntWg; G zh; T ,it ,uz; L Nk rpq; f s ngsj; j Nghpdthj rpj;jhe;jj;jpd; jhf;Fjy; ,yf;fhf cs;sd. ,e;j ,dthjr; rpj;jhe;jj;ij murpay; mbj;jskhff; nfhz;l rpq;fs murplkpUe;J jkpo; kf;fs; xU epahakhd xU murpay; jPh;itg; Ngrpg;ngw KbAk; vd;W epidg;gJ rhj;jpakw;wNjahFk;. ,e;j tuyhw;W cz;ikia> ,yq;if ,dg;gpur;rpidapy; mf;fiwAk;> Mh;tKk; cs;s cyf ehLfs; fUj;jpy; vLj;J ajhh;j;j G+h;tkhfr; rpe;jpf;fNtz;Lk; vd;gNj jkpo; kf;fspd; vjph;ghh;g;ghFk;.

(01Mk; gf;fj; njhlh;rr; p) <oj;jkpopdj;jpw;Fj; jiy th; gpughfud; cte;jspj;j ,e;jg; Nghh;tbtj;ijj; jkpohpd; gz;ghl;L tbtkhf khw; w p vkJ ,dj; j pd; NgWilr; nrhj;jhf mijg; ghJfhj;J - tsh;ff ; Ntz;baJ jkpo; ,dj;jpd; tuyhw;Wf; flikahf cs;sJ. fUk;Gypfs; epidT ehspy; kf;fs; vy;NyhUk; ntspg;gLj;Jk; kd kfpo;r;rpAk; - vOr;rpAk; mghu khfNt cs;sd. Gyk;ngah;e;J thOk; vkJ cwTfSk; fUk;Gyp ehspy; czh; ntOr;rpAld; xd;Wjpuz;L - Njrpa xw; W ikiaAk; - Njrpa vOr; r p fisAk; ntspg;gLj;jp tUfpd;wdh;. ‘gyk;jhd; jkpoh;f;F tho;T jUk; ’ vd; w jiythpd; jhuf ke; j puj; j pw; F g; gyk; Nrh; j ; J tUk; fUk;GypgN ; ghh;tbtk; vkJ kf;fsplk; cz;Lgz;zptUk; kdg;Gul;rpahy;> kf; f s; nfhz; L s; s vOr; r pepiy jkpohpd; Nghuhl;lj;jpw;F gyKk; ek;gpf;ifAk; toq;fpAs;sJ. 02

#hpaNd> cd; fjph;fs; ehk;. mjdhy;jhd; vk;ik xUtuhYk; Rl;nlhpf;f Kbatpy;iy. eP ntg;gj;jpd; je;ij. ehk; ntg;gf; Foe;ijfs;. mjdhy;jhd; vjph;g;gth;fisnay;yhk; vhpf;f KbfpwJ. eP kiwe;jhYk; kPz;Lk; kPz;Lk; cjpj;Jf; nfhz;bUf;fpwha;. mjdhy;jhd; ehKk; tpOe;jhYk; tpijahfp Kisj;Jf;

nfhz;bUf;fpNwhk;. khtPuuhd kfj;jhd Xtpah;fs; jPl;ba rptg;Gr; rpj;jpuq;fs;. cd; ngahpy; xsph;e;J nfhz;bUf;fpNwhk;. eP cd; fjph;fis xUNghJk; Rl;nlhpf;fg; Nghtjpy;iy. mJ Nghy; cd;idr; Rl;nlhpf;f ,d;ndhU #hpad; cjpf;fg; Nghtjpy;iy.

khtPuh;: Nk[h; mKjh

\\\\neUg; neUg;gpDs; epd;W|| ftpijj; njhFg;gpypUe;J... itfhrp - Mdp> 2007


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nad;gij vg;gb czf;F czh;j;J tJ?” rfy gLghjfq;fisAk; xd;wp izj;J xU njhFg;G Ml;rpia vt; tpjk; elj;JtJ vd;gjpy; gLghjfq; fspd; gutyhd njhFg; g hsuhd kfpe;jhplk; mf;fpuk Ml;rpahsh;fs; ghlk; fw;fKbAk;. I.ehLfs; mit ahy; 1998,ypUe; J kdpj Fyj; jpw;nfjpuhd ngUq;Fw;wq;fshfTk; Nghh;fF ; w;wq;fshfTk; tifg;gLj;jg; gLk; ,df;nfhiy> ,dr;Rj;jpfhpg;G> fl;lha ntspNaw;wk; Nghd;wtw;wpwF ; cjhuzk; fhl;l rUtNjrk; jdpj; jdp ehLfisj; Njlj;Njitapyi ; y. rpwpyq;fh gf;fk; jpUk;gpdhy; NghJk;. Kd; G ,df; n fhiy gw; w pf; Fwpj; Njhk; . ,g; N ghJ ,dr; R j; j pfhpg; G g; gw; w p vOj Ntz; b ajhfpd; w J. 21Mk; E}w;whz;bd; ,dr;Rj;jp fhpg;G thpirapy; #lhDf;fUfpy; jdf;Fhpa ,lj;ijr; rpwpyq;fh ,g;NghJ ngw;W tpl; l J. Nkw; F r; #lhdpd; lhh; G +h; gpuNjrj; j py; muG K]; y Pk; ahd; ahtpj; (JANJAWEED) FOthy; tpul;lg;

itfhrp - Mdp> 2007

gLk; muGf; f s; my; y hj Mgphpf; f kf;fspd; mtyk; Njha;e;j glq;fspy; fhzg;gLtJ Nghy vjph;fhyk; vd; fpw Nfs;tpf;Fwpia Kfj;jpy; jhq; fpatz;zk; epw;Fk; vk; kf;fspd; fhl; rpf;Nfhyq;fs; cynfq;Fk; ntspah fpf;nfhz;bUf;fpd;wd. ,dr;Rj;jpfhpg;G my;yJ ,dj; J}a;ikg;gLj;jy; vd;whnyd;d? ,r; nrhw; g jj; j pw; f hd tpsf; f k; ,yF thdjy;y vd;fpd;wdh; Ma;thsh;. Vnddpy; xU Kidapy; ,g; g jk; ehl; b ypUe; J fl; l hakhf ntsp Naw;wg;gLNthiu> ,d;ndhU Kid apy; ,df; n fhiyiaAk; jd; D s; mlf;fpAs;sJ. xUtpjj;jpy; ,g;gjk; tphpe; j tpsf; f j; i jAk; ,d; n dhU tifapy; FWfpa tpsf; f j; i jAk; nfhz;Ls;sJ. xU Fwpf;fg;gl;l gpu Njrj;jpypUe;J jpl;lkpl;l nfhs;if abg; g ilapy; xU FOthdJ ,d; ndhU FOit kjj;jpd;> ,dj;jpd; my;yJ Njrj;jpd; ngauhy; gbg; gbahf mopj; J tUjy; ! ,d; ndhU tifapy; $wpdhy; xU ,df;FOkj;ijf; Fwpg;gpl;l gpu Njrj;jpypUe;J ntspNaw;wp xU J}a;ikg;gLj;jpa ,dj;ij cU thf;Fk; gy;NtW nfhs;iffis> eilKiwfisf; Fwpf;fpd;wJ. ,d; n dhU tifapy; $wpdhy; Fwpf; f g; g l; l gpuNjrnkhd; w p ypUe; J “tpUk; g j; j fhj kf; f s; $l;lnkhd;iw” kj ,d Ntw;W ikg;gLj;jy; mbg;gilapy; murp ay;> jj;Jt %Nyhghaf; fhuzq; fSf;fhf ntspNaw;wy; vd;Wk;

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,df;nfhiyAk; ,iltplhky; ele; NjWfpd;wd. gjpide;jhk; E}w;whz; bd; gpd;dh; ngUk; mtykhff; fUjg; gLk; kz;zpd; ike;jh;fshd G+h;tpf; Fbfs; INuhg;gpa yj;jPd; mnkhpf;f> Mgphpf;f Mrpa ehLfspy; mopf;fg; gl;lik tpul;lg;gl;likf;Fr; rhl;rpa khff; fUjg;gLk; mnkhpf;fg; G+h;tPff; Fbkf;fs; 19Mk; E}w;whz;bd; jkJ tskhd tho;tplq;fspypUe;J kpfj; njhiytpy; xJf;Fg;Gw tdg;gFjp fSf;F tpul;lg;gl;ldh;. 20Mk; E}w; whz;by; kpfg; ngUe;njhifahd xU NfhbasT kf;fs; 1947 gphptpidapd; nghOJ ,e;jpahtpypUe;Jk; (K];yPk; fs;) ghfp];jhdpypUe;Jk; (,e;Jf;fs;> rPf; f pah; f s; ) ntspNawpaik> 1941 ,df; n fhiyf; F Kd; g jhfNt 70 ,yl;rk; A+jh;fs; fply ; hpd; ,dr; Rj;jp fhpg;Gf; nfhs;ifahy; N[h;kdp> M]; jphpah kw; W k; ehrpfs; FbapUg; G g; gFjpfspy; ntspNaw; w g; g l; l ik>

f.Nt.ghyFkhud;

1948,d; gpd; ,RNuy; cUthf;fj;jpd; gpd; ntspNaw;wg;gl;l gy kpy;ypad; ghyj; j Pdpah; > epwNtw; W ikf; f hy fl;lj;jpy; njd;dhgphpf;ff; fWg;gpd kf; f s; xJf; F g; G wg; gFjpfSf; F tpul;lg;gl;lik> jPNkhh; gg;GthepA+f; fpdp ,e;NjhNdrpahpd; ,dr;Rj;jpfhpg; Gr; nraw;ghLfs; vd ,g;gl;bay; kpf kpf ePz;lit. ,jd; ePl;rpapd; Kb tpNy #lhDk; rpwpyq;fhTk; cyfpd; ntWg; G f; F s; s hfpd; w ehLfshf khwpAs;sd. ,q;Nf ehk; ftdj;jpy; nfhs;s Ntz;baJ> ,j;jifa ngUe;Jauf; fsq;fs; rpy ngUk; Nrhf tuyhwhf Kbe; j ikAk; gy tpLjiy Xh; k j; ijg; gpwg; g pj; j jPuf; f sq; f shfTk; khwpa fijiaj;jhd;. “nrUkdpapd; fug;ghd;fs;” vd fply ; uhy; miof;fg; gl;l A+jh; jkJ jhafj;ij cUthf; fpa tuyhW> Utz; l htpy; $l; L ,dj; j huhy; nfhy; y g; g l; l gj; J ,yl;rk; Jl;rp ,d kf;fs; Nky; #O iuj;J Nghiu ntw;wpngw;wUthz;lh kf;fs; tpLjiy ,uhZtk; vy;yhNk vkf; F r; nra; j pfs; nrhy; t dNt. fpof; F j; jPNkhhpy; ngh]; d pahtpy; nfhNrhNthtpy; ele; N jwpa ,df; nfhiyAk;> ,dr; Rj;jpfhpg;Gk; FU jpia ciwaitf; F k; F&uk; epuk; gpait. nghRdpahtpd; GijFop fSk; nrk;kzpg; GijFopfSk; (13Mk; gf;fk; gh;f;f)

jhYk; 1990,d; gpd;dNu ,r; nrhw; gjk; gutyhd Gof;fj;jpw;F te;jJ. Kd;dhs; A+NfhrpNytpahtpd; nghR dpa> FNuhrpa> Nrh; g pa ,dr; R j; j p fhpg;Gf; fsj;jpypUe;Nj gpwe;jjhff; $wg;gLfpd;wJ. I.ehtpd; ghJfhg;Gr; rigAk; nghJr;rigAk; ,j;jifa Fw;wq;fis kdpj Fyj;jpw;nfjpuhd ngUq; F w; w q; f shf tifg; g Lj; j pg; Nghh;f;Fw;wq;fshff; fzpj;J ,tw;wp idg; Ghpe;Njhiur; rl;lj;jpd; Kd; epWj;jp jz;lidfis VyNt toq; fj; njhlq;fpAs;sdh;. jw;NghJ rh;t Njrf; Fw; w tpapy; ePjpkd; w k; Kd; dhy; A+Nfhrpyhtpah> Wthz; l h> rpauh ypNahd; Nghd; w gFjpfs; Nghh;f;Fw;wq;fis tprhhpf;Fk; rh;t Njrf; Fw;wtpay; jPh;g;ghsh;fs; jz; lidfis toq; f j; njhlq; f p tpl;ldh;. gd;dhl;Lf; Fw;wtpay; jPh;g; ghak; epWTtJ khw;wKbahj cyfj; jpw; F kpf Kf; f pakhd eltbf; i f vd fUjg;gLfpd;wJ. MapDk; Fw;wk; ,isj;Njhiu ifjhf;Fk; murpay; cWjpg;ghl;bd; tY ,d;dKk; Nfs; tpf;Fhpajhf ,Ug;gjhfNt fUjg;gL tijAk; ehk; ftdj;jpy; nfhs;sj; jhd; Ntz;Lk;. cyf tuyhw; w py; ntt; N tW tbtq;fspy; gy;NtW fhuzq;fspw; fhf ,dr; R j; j pfhpg; G k; mjw; f hf

03


kz P L; nkhUKiw ,dr;Rj;jpfupg;igr; rl;lkhf;fpapUf;fpwJ rpwpyq;fh muR. 30 Nk 2007 jpfjpa tu; j ; j khdpapy; ntspahd 1499/25 ,yf;f tpjpfspd;gb %J}u; gpuNjr nrayfj;jpd; miuthrpg; gFjpapy;> mjhtJ 90 rJu fpNyhkPw;wu; gug;gpy; Mapuf;fzf;fhd Mz;Lfs;

jpa fhyj;jpy; %J}u;> fpz;zpah> <r; rpyk;gw;W Mfpatw;iw cs;slf;fpa gpu Njrk; uh[uh[ tsehL vdTk; tpf;fpu kr; Nrho tsehL vd;Wk; toq;fg;gl; lJ. mjd; g pd; > fpgp 1215,y; fypq; f khNfhd; gilnaLg;gpd; gpd;> mtd; tFj;j td;dpikfspd; mbg;gilapy;>

gLj;jp jkpoupd; njhd;kq;fis rpijf; Fk; nfhLik ,yq;ifj; jPtpw;Fg; Gjp jy;y. 1950 ,y; kl;lf;fsg;Gj; njw;F vd;W mwpag;gl;l ,lj;jpy; fy; Xahj; jpl; lj;ijf; nfhz;Lte;jJ b v]; Nrd ehaf; fhtpd; epUthfk;. gz;ila jkpo; Ml;rp ikaq;fSk; gz;ghl;Lj; jyq;

guk;giu guk;giuahf tho;e;Jte;j 12 fpuhk mYtyu; gpupitr; Nru;e;j 4249 jkpo;f; FLk;gq;fspd;> mjhtJ 15>648 jkpou;fspd; tho;T kw;Wk; njhopw;jsk;

Kw; F f ,sturu; f spd; gupghydk; mq;Nf neLq;fhykhf epytpaJ. mt; thwhd gyE}w; w hz; L fhyr; rP U k; nrOikAk; nfhz;l jkpo;j; njhd;kj;

fSk; ,d;W mk;ghiw my;yJ jpfh kLy;iy vd;w> ngUk;ghYk; rpq;fstu; fNs Mjpf;fk; nrYj;Jk; ,lkhf khwp apUf;fpd;wd. jpUkiy khtl;lj;jpy;$l fe;jshapYk;> ,d;W nkhwNtitahf ,Uf;Fk; Kjypf;Fsj;jpYk;> Nfhkuq; flnty vdg;gLk; Fkud; flitapYk;> gjtp rpupGu vdg;gLk; jdpf;fy; my;yJ gjtpf; Fsj;jpYk; rpq;fsr; rpidia tpijj;j tu; mtNu.

Ieh mfjpfs; Mizaj;jpd; Vg;uy; 2007 mwpf;ifapd;gb> %J}upy; ,Ue;J 51>450 Ngu; ,lk;ngau;e;jpUf;fpwhu;fs;. ,tu;fspy; 35>422 Ngu; nrd;w tUl ,Wjpapy; kl;lf;fsg;gpw;F nrd;wpUf;fpwhu;fs;. 9>653 Ngu; mk;ghiwf;Fr; nrd;wpUf; fpwhu;fs;. 6>375 Ngu; jpUkiyapd; Gwefu;g; gFjpapy; tho;fpwhu;fs;. ,tu;fs; midtUk; rpwpyq;fh gilfspd; tpkhdk;> gPuq;fp> gy;Foy; gPuq;fpfs; kw;Wk; flw;gilapd; jhf;Fjy; fhuzkhf ntspNawpatu;fs;. (2006 ,y; jpUkiyapy; Nkhjy;fs; Muk;gpj;jNghJ %J}upypUe;J ntspNawpa K];ypk;fis cldbahfNt rpwpyq;fh muR gyte;jkhf kPsf; FbNaw;wptpl;ljhy; me;j tpguq;fs; ,j;njhFg;gpy; Nru;f;fg;gltpy;iy)

%J}hpy; rpwpyq;fh ,uhZtj;jpd; fPgph; tpkhdf; Fz;LtPr;rpd; NghJ Nfhukhff; nfhy;yg;gl;l mg;ghtpj; jkpo; kf;fs;;

rpqf ; s murpd; fhl;Lkpuhz;br; rl;lj;jhy; epue;jukhfg; gwpf;fg;gLfpwJ. jkpou; gz; g hl; b d; G+u; t P f ciwtplq; f spy; xd; w hd rk; G +u; g ; gFjpapd; tho;Tj; jsk;> 2006 ,d; Kd; eLg;gFjp njhlf;fk; rpwpyq;fh elj;jpa thd;jhf;FjyhYk; gy;Foy; vwpfizj; jhf;FjyhYk; flw;gilapd; jiuNehf; fpa gPuq;fpj; jhf;FjyhYk; cUf;Fiy aj; njhlq;fpapUe;jJ. 2006 Xf];l; 27k; jpfjpapypUe;J rpwpyq;fh gilfs; CUf;Fs; ,wq;fp elj;jpa ,d mopg;G eltbf;ifapd; %yk; rk;G+upd; Fbfs; jq; f s; Mapukhz; L fhyj; jha; k bap ypUe;J gpLq;fp tPrg;gl;lhu;fs;. KjyPl;Lr; rl;l mitapd; fPo; tuf;$ba rpwg;Gg; nghUshjhu tyak; vd;w Kf%bAld; muq;NfwpapUf;Fk; ,e;j ,dntwpr; rl;lj;jpd; Nehf;Fk;> tpisTk; gaq;fukhdit. jpUkiyia ikag; g Lj; j p ,aq;fpa jkpo; murhl;rpahdJ Mapu khz;Lj; njhd;ikAilaJ. mt;tuR fspd; tpisepykhfTk; mt;tg;NghJ murhy; toq; f g; g l; l khdpakhfTk; tpsq;fpa tskpf;f epyq;fisf;nfhz; lJ %J}u; fpof;Fg; gpuNjrk;. gj;jhk; E}w; whz;bNy Nrhou;fs; nry;thf;Fr; nrYj; 04

te;j 13>288 jkpo;f; FLk;gq;fs; cldb ahf ntspNaWk;gb cj;jutplg;gl;ldu;. 99 tUlf; Fj;jiff;F epyj;ij vLj; jpUe;j 14 jkpoj ; ; njhopyjpgu;fspd; epyq; fs; cldbahfg; gwpf;fg;gl;ld. kfh ntyp mjpfhu rigapd; fPo; nfhz;Ltug; gl;l kzyhw;Wg; gFjp> 9>289 rpq;fsf; FLk;gq;fs; tpijf;fg;gl;l ntyp Xahthf khwpaJ. mjd; g b> gr;irj; jkpo;f; fpuhkq;fshd nrk;kiy> nfhf;fpsha;> nfhf; Fj;njhLtha;> njd;dkuthb

Nrdhjp midj;Jk; mEuhjGu khtl;lj;jpd; flw; fiufshapd. ,NjNghd;W kfhtyp rP jpl;lKk; eilKiwahdhy; thfiug; gFjp nghye;eWitf;Fs; jpzpf;fg;gLk; nfhLikAk; elf;fyhk; Nrdehaf;fhtpd; jpl;lk; jkpou; jhafj;ij gf;fthl;by; mupj;Jf; fpof; fpd; ,dg;guk;gw; Nfhyj;ij rpq;fs tUf;Fr; rhjfkhf khw;wpaJ. n[atu;jj ; dhtpd; jpl; l k; jkpou; jhafj; j pd; tlf;Fg; Gwj;ijAk; fpof;Fg; Gwj;ijAk; Jz;lhLk; Mg;ghfTk; nraw;gl;L ,dg; guk;gw; Nfhyj;ijAk; khw;wtpioe;jJ. ,d;iwa uh[gf;ru;fspd; jpl;lk; kl;lf; fsg;G khtl;ljpw;Fk; jpUkiy khtl;lj; jpw; F k; ,ilNa xU rpq; f sr; nrhU fiyf; nfhz;LtUtNjhL jpUkiy apd; ,dtpfpjj;ij khw;Wk; Nehf;Fil aJ vd;gJ ntspg;gil. rk;G+upNy ntFNtfkhf nghU shjhuj; jpl;lq;fisj; njhlf;fp> Ntiy ahl;fs; kw;Wk; epUthfk; vd;w Nghu; itapy; rpq; f sf; FLk; g q; f isf; nfhz; L tuNt uh[gf; r epUthfk; vz;ZfpwJ. mjw;fhd cjtpfisg; gy gf;fj;jpYk; Nfl;bUf;fpwJ. 2006 brk;gupy; ,e;jpahtpd; Njrpa mdy; tYf; $l;LepWtdkhdJ 500 nkfhtw; kpd;dhf;fpiaf; fl;bf; nfhLg; g njd rpwpyq; f h muRlDk; ,yq; i f kpd; r hu rigAlDk; Gupe; Jzu;T xg;ge;jk; xd;iw nra;jpUe;jJ. mjd; g b> ,t; t Ulk; rdtup khjk; ,e;jpa epWtdj;jpd;; guPl;rfu; FOit ,yq;if murhq;fk; jk;gyfhkf; Flh> fpsg;gd;Ngu;f; Flh kw;Wk; rk;G+u; Mfpa ,lq;fSf;Ff; nfhz;LNgha; fhl;baJ. fpsg;gd;Ngu;f; Flhtpd; njd; Nkw;Fg; gFjpiaNa nghUj;jkhd ,l khf ,e;jpag; guPlr; fu; FO gupeJ ; iuj;jJ. jk;gyfhkf; FlhthdJ ,jw;fhd efu;g; Gykhfg; gad;gLk; vdTk; gpw;fhyj;jpy; ,d;DNkhu; epiyaj;ij mikg;gjw; fhf Ntz;Lkhdhy; rk;G+iu kPz;Lk; ghu;f;fyhk; vd;Wk; mtu;fs; nrhy;yp apUe;jhu;fs;. ,yq;ifg; ghJfhg;G mikr;R njuptpj;j njhopEl;gr; rpf;fypd; mbg;

1881 ,y; elj;jg;gl;l Fbrd kjpg;gpd;gb> rk;G+u; kw;Wk; %J}u; fpof;F Mfpad jpUkiy khtl;lj;jpd; mg;Nghija ehd;F cg mur mjpgu; gpupTfspy; xd;whd nfhl;bahug;gw;W td;dpau; gpuptpDs; mlq;Ffpd;wd. mjd;gb mg;NghJ mq;Nf tho;e;j INuhg;gpau; 01> INuhg;gpa Mrpau; kw;Wk; guq;fpau; 13(Mz;-07> ngz;-06)> rpq;fsu; 11(Mz;-11> ngz;-,y;iy)> jkpou; 3027(Mz;-1646> ngz;-1381)> %u;fs; vdg;gl;l K];ypk;fs; 1673(Mz;881> ngz;792)> NtLtu;fs; 38(Mz;-21> ngz;-17) 1827k; Mz; b d; rkatif kjpg; g Pl; b d; g b xl; L nkhj; j jpUkiy khtl;lj;jpy; ,e;Jf;fs; 14>182 Ngu;> ngsj;ju;fs; 250 Ngu;> %u;fs; 3245 Ngu;> fpwp];jtu;fs; 1481 Ngu;. ,jpy; fpwp];jtu;fs; fpl;lj;jl;l midtUNk jkpou; Mtu;. jpd; njhl;biyr; rdehafr; rhy;it Nghu;j;jpa muf;fu;fshd uh[gf;ru;fs; ftpo;j;Jf; nfhl;bapUf;fpwhu;fs;. ,t;thW rl;l mjpfhuj;ijg; gad;

N[ Mu; n[atu;jdtpd; nfhLq; Nfhypd;NghJ 1988 Vg;uy; 16k; jpfjpa tu;jk ; hd mwptpj;jypd;gb kzyhw;wpd; 42 fpuhkq;fspy; ghuk;gupakhf tho;e;J

gilapy; fpsg;gd;Nghu;f; Nahrid if tplg;gl;lJ. rPdd; FlhtpypUf;Fk; thd; gilg; gapw;rpg; gwg;Gj; jsj;ij kPsTk; (13Mk; gf;fk; ghh;f;f) itfhrp - Mdp> 2007


xd;wiu tUl kfpe;jhpd; Ml;rpapy; rpq;fs muR neUf;fbfs; gytw;iw vjph;nfhz;Ls;sJ. rh;tNjrj;jpy; ,Ue;JtUk; murpay; neUf;fb fshYk; - cs; Kuz;ghl;lhy; vOe;j murpay; rpf;fy;fshYk; kfpe;j muR jLkhWfpd;wJ. jkpoUf;F vjpuhd ,df;FNuhjr; nraw;ghLfs; vd;w epiyiaj; jhz;b ntspehLfs; kPJ ntWg;Gzh;T fhl;ly; vd;w fl;lj;jpw;F kfpe;j muR nrd;Ws;sJ. ,jdhy;> rh;tNjr ehLfs; nfhOk;G murhq;fk; kPJ rPw;wj;ij ntspg;gLj;jp tUfpd;wd. jkpoUf;F vjpuhf ,iof;fg;gLk; nfh^ukhd kdpj chpik kPwy;fs; vy;iy fle;Js;sd. gaq;futhjj;jpw;F vjpuhd Nghh; vd;W cyfpw;Ff; $wpf;nfhz;L jkpoiu ,d mopg;Gr;

nfhOk;G efhpypUe;J jkpoh;fis 24 kzpNeuj;jpw;Fs; ntspNaw;w cj;jutpl;lJld;> me;j ntspNaw;w cj;juitf; fz;bj;J tpkh;rpj;j cyfehLfisg; gfpuq;fkhfNt jhf;fp mwpf;iftpl;l Nfhj;jgha uh[gf;rit cyfehLfs; rpy jdpahfTk; Fwpitj;Js;sd vd;Wk; nra;jpfs; frpe;Js;sd. Nfhj;jgha uh[gf;rtpw;Fk; - ,tiug; Nghd;W ghhpa kdpj chpik kPwy;fspy; <LgLk; rpq;fsj; jiyth;fs; kw;Wk; cah; mjpfhhpfSf;Fk; ntspehL nry;tjw;fhd tprhf;fis toq;fhky; jLg;gjw;F cyf ehLfs; cj;Njrpj;J tUtjhfTk; nra;jpfs; ntsptUfpd;wd. kfpe;j muR kPJ rh;tNjr ehLfs; fhl;Lk; rPw;wj;ijr; Rl;bf;fhl;bAs;s I.Nj fl;r;p kfpe;j Ml;rpapy; rpq;fs murpd; ew;ngaUf;F fsq;fk; Vw;gl;Ltpl;lnjd;Wk;> ,yq;if muir cyf ehLfs; jdpikg;gLj;j Kay;fpd;wd - ,J rpq;fs Njrj;jpw;F Mgj;ij tpistpff ; g;Nghfpdw ; d vd;Wk; Fuy; vOg;gj; njhlq;fpAs;sJ. kfpe;j gjtp tpyfp tPL NghfNtz;Lk; vd;Wk; vjph;f; fl;rpfs; Nfhuj; njhlq;fpAs;sd.

vy;yhsd; nra;Ak; rpq;fs murpd; nraw;ghLfisr; rh;tNjr r%fk; Nfs;tpf;Fl;gLj;j Muk;gpj;Js;sJ. jkpohpd; ,dr;rpf;fy;fSf;F ,uhZt topapy; jPh;T NjlKbahJ vd;W cyf ehLfs; rpq;fs murpw;F ,bj;Jf;$w Kw;gl;Ls;sd. jkpopdj;jpw;F vjpuhd kdpj chpik kPwy;fis cldbahf epWj;J! Nghiu epWj;J! rkhjhdj;jpw;fhd fjTfis cldbahfj; jpw! vd;W cyf ehLfs; kfpe;j muir Nehf;fp cuj;Jf;$Wfpd;wd. MapDk;> ,tw;Wf;Fr; nrtpkLf;f kfpe;j muR jahuhf ,y;iy. kfpe;j uh[gf;rTk; - mtuJ mikr;rh;fSk; “Nghh; md;wp Ntnwe;jNtiyAk; ,y;iy” vd;W Koq;fptUfpd;wdh;. jq;fsJ Kbtpy; ifitf;Fk; ve;j ehl;ilAk; fLikahf tpkh;rpj;Jf; fUj;Jf;$wTk; mth;fs; jaq;ftpy;iy. nfhOk;G murpaiy NknyOe;jthhpahfg; ghh;j;jhy; rpq;fs murpw;Fk; rh;tNjr r%fj;jpw;Fk; ,ilNa xUtpj “gdpg;Nghh;” epyTtijf; fhzKbAk;. rpq;fs murpw;F vjpuhf cjtpepjpf; Fiwg;G - MAj tpw;gidf;F kWg;G - vr;rhpf;if tpLg;G mOj;jq;fs; nfhLg;G vd;W cyf ehLfs; rpy murpay; - ,uhZt - nghUshjhu uPjpapy; kfpe;j murpw;F vjpuhf eltbf;iffs; vLj;JtUfpd;wd. ,jd; tsh;r;rpf;fl;lkhf If;fpa ehLfs; rig vd;w cyf murpay; kd;wj;jpd; rf;jpkpFe;j gphpthfpa ghJfhg;Gr; rigf;Fr; rpq;fs murpd; kdpj chpik kPwy; tptfhuj;ij vLj;Jr; nry;tJ njhlh;ghf INuhg;gpa A+dpad; kw;Wk; mnkhpf;fh Nghd;w ehLfs; MNyhrpj;J tUtjhfTk; nra;jpfs; tUfpd;wd.

itfhrp - Mdp> 2007

kfpe;j murpd; mikr;ruhf ,Ue;J gjtp tpyf;fg;gl;l kq;fs rkutPu kw;Wk; rpwpgjp #hpahuhr;rp Nghd;Nwhh; Gjpajhff; fl;rp njhlq;fp kfpe;j uh[gf;rtpw;Fj; jiytypia cz;L gz;zpAs;sdh;. ,th;fSld; re;jphpf;fh mk;ikahUk; ,ize;J kfpe;jtpd; Ml;rpf;F rkhjpfl;l Kayg;Nghfpd;whh;fs; vd;Wk; nfhOk;Gr; nra;jpfs; $Wfpd;wd. ,t;tpjk; kfpe;j murhdJ jdJ xd;wiutUl Ml;rpf;fhyj;jpNyNa rh;tNjr hPjpahfTk; - cs;ehl;bYk; murpay; hPjpahd neUf;fbfSf;F Kfq;nfhLf;f eph;g;ge;jpf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. ,uhZt hPjpahfTk; tlGyg; Nghh;Kidapy; rpq;fsg; gilfs; re;jpj;Js;s Njf;fepiy kfpe;j muirf; ftiyailar; nra;Js;sJ. Kg;gilg; gyj;ijAk; Gypfs; ,;af;fk; kuGg; Nghh;Kiwapy; jhf;fkhf ntspg;gLj;jpAs;sJk; kfpe;jhpd; ,uhZtj; jPh;Tf; fditAk; Nfs;tpf;Fhpajhf;fptpl;Ls;sJ. Gypfspd; thd;gil> flw;gil> jiug;gilapd; tsh;r;rpiaAk;> Gypfspd; rpwg;Gg; gilazpfspd; vOr;rpiaAk; rpq;fs muR fz;zhuf;fz;L tUfpd;wJ. td;dp epyj;jpy; epy Mf;fpukpg;ig Nkw;nfhs;Sk; vz;zk; jkJ murpw;F ,y;iy vd;W Nfhj;jgha uh[gf;r $Wtij> Nkw;$wpagb rpq;fsj;jpd; ,uhZt Klf;fy; epiyAld; rk;ge;jg;gLj;jpg; ghh;f;fKbAk;. ,Ue;jhYk; rpq;fsg;gilj; jsgjpfs; td;dp epyk; kPJ Nghh; njhLf;Fk; vz;zj;JlNdNa cs;sdh; vd;gJ cz;ikahFk;. rpq;fs muR jw;NghJ re;jpj;Js;s murpay; - ,uhZt neUf;fb epiyfis mJ Kd;dUk; gy jlitfs; re;jpj;Js;sJ. me;j neUf;fbfis rh;tNjr ehLfspd; nghUz;kpa kw;Wk; murpay;

MjuTj;JizAld; rkhspj;Js;sJ vd;gJk; cz;ikahFk;. rpq;fs muR kPJ jw;NghJ rh;tNjr ehLfs; fhl;Lk; gifikg;Nghf;F ePbj;J epiyf;Fk; vd;W vtUk; vjph;T $wKbahJ. rh;tNjr r%fj;ij Vkhw;Wk; xU murpay; fha;efh;j;jy; %yk; jw;Nghija neUf;fbfis kfpe;j uh[gf;r ,y;yhnjhopf;fTk; $Lk;. Nfhilfhy kioNkfk; Nghy rpq;fsk; kPjhd rh;tNjr gifik> jpBnudf; fiye;J mjDld; el;GwT ghuhl;bdhYk; Mr;rhpag;gl vJTkpy;iy. Gypfs; ,af;fj;jpd; epjhdg;Nghf;ifAk; kfpe;j murpd; fLk;Nghf;ifAk; cyfk; rhptu ,dq;fz;Ls;sJ. ,J jkpo; kf;fSf;F ek;gpf;if aspf;Fk; tplakhfNt cs;sJ. jkpohpd; murpay; gpujpepjpfs; Gypfs; ,af;fk; jhd; vd;gij cyfehLfNs xg;Gf;nfhz;Ls;sd vd;W I.Nj fl;rpj; jiyth;fSs; xUtuhd utp fUzhehaf;f $wpapUg;gJ xU murpay; ajhh;j;jj;ijj; njspT gLj;jpAs;sJ. cyf ehLfspilNa Vw;gl;LtUk; me;j murpay; khw;wk; kfpo;r;rpaspg;gjhfNt cs;sJ.

jhafj; jkpoh;fSk; - Gyk;ngah;e;J cynfq;Fk; thOk; gy,yl;rk; jkpoh;fSk; Gypfspd; gpd;dhy; mzpjpuz;L epw;gij cyfk; mtjhdpj;jgbNa cs;sJ xNu jiyikapd; fPo; xw;Wik czh;Tld; <oj;jkpoh;fs; jkJ murpay; tpLjiyf;fhfg; NghuhLtijr; rpq;fs - K];yPk; murpay; jiyth;fNs Rl;bf;fhl;bAs;sdh;. ,e;j Njrpa xw;Wikjhd; vkJ tpLjiyg; Nghuhl;lj;jpd; ngUk; gykhFk;. ,e;j Njrpa xw;Wikapd; nray;G+h;t ntspg;ghlhd ,uhZt gyNk vkJ tpLjiyg; Nghiu ntw;wpngwr; nra;Ak;. jkpohpd; gilgyk; ,d;W kfpo;r;rpaspf;ff; $ba tifapy; cah;juj;jpy; cs;sJ. ,uhZt Mf;fpukpg;gpw;Fs; rpf;fpAs;s vkJ jhafg; gFjp epyq;fspy; thOk; kf;fs; gy;NtW mtyq;fisr; re;jpf;fpd;wdh;. ,uhZt tyaq;fs; - ghJfhg;G tyaq;fs; vd;w ngah;fspy; tpul;lg;gl;l vkJ kf;fs; ,g;NghJ nghUz;kpa tyaq;fs; vd;w ngahpYk; ntspNaw;wg;gl;L epy mgfhpg;G eilngWfpd;wJ. nfhOk;gpy; jkpoh;fs; ntspNaw;wg;gl;ljw;Ff; fLk; rPw;wj;ij ntspapl;l cyfehLfs; jhaf epyg;gug;gpy; jkJ tPLfistpl;L ,yl;rf;fzf;fhd jkpo; kf;fs; ntspNaw;wg;gLtij fz;bf;fhJ ntWkNd ghh;j;Jf;nfhz;bUg;gJ jkpo; kf;fisg; nghWj;jtiuapy; xU GjpuhfNt cs;sJ. kdpj chpik tptfhuq;fspYk; murpay; kw;Wk; eyd;fisf; fye;J rpe;jpg;gJ mUtUg;ghfNt cs;sJ. Mdhy; ,Jjhd; ,d;iwa cyf murpaypd; ajhh;j;jk; vd;gijAk; ehk; czh;e;Jnfhs;sj;jhd; Ntz;Lk;. kfpe;j murpd; ,dntwpr; nraw;ghLfisAk; - Nghh; %yk; ,dg;gpur;rpidf;Fj; jPh;Tfhz KidAk; mjd; ,uhZt mZFKiwiaAk; cyfk; Ghpe;Jnfhz;L nraw;glNtz;Lk; vd;Nw jkpo; kf;fs; vjph;ghh;f;fpd;wdh;.

05


kfpe;j uh[gf;r rdhjpgjpj; Njh;jypy; Nghl;bapl;lNghJ mthpw;F vjpuhf tpOe;j thf;Ffs; rpq;fs ngsj;jh;fs; my;yhjth; fspd; thf;Ffs;. mtiu ,e;j ehl;bd; jiytuhf;f tpOe;j thf;FfNsh Vwj;jhsr; rpq;fs ngsj;jh;fspy; 80tPj thf;Ffs;. MfNt rpq;fs ngsj;jh;fs; ,e;jf; fhyfl;lj;jpy; jk;ikj; jiyik jhq;Fk; rpj;jhe;jkhf kfpe;j rpe;jidiaNa Mjupj;jhh;fs;. ,Jjhd; ,e;j ,q;ifj;jPtpy; ,dg;gpur;rpidf;Fj; jPh;Tfhz vLj;j Kaw;rp Njhw;wikf;fhd ikaf;fhuzp. ,dg;gpur;rpidf;Fj; jPh;Tfhz Kbahjikf;Ff;Fk; elg;gpypUe;j rkhjhdj;ijf; Fog;gpajw;Fk; fle;j rdhjpgjpj; Njh;jypy; jkpo; kf;fs; uzpYf;F thf;fspf;fhjJ my;yJ mt;thW thf;fspf;FkhW tpLjiyg;Gypfs; Nfhb fhl;lhjNj fhuzk; vd rh;tNjr r%fk; tprdKw;W tpLjiyg;Gypfis ntWg;Gld; ghh;f;Fk; xU epiyik ,Ue;jJ. Mdhy; cz;ik vJntdpy; rpq;fs kf;fs; tpLjiyg;Gypfs; gytPdg; gl;Ltpl;ljhf ek;gpaJk;> tpLjiyg; Gypfs; kPjhd xU Aj;jj;jpd; ntw;wp rhj;jpak; vdTk; mt;thwhd tha;g;Gf;fs; ,Uf;Fk;NghJ rkhjhdhj;jpw;fhd rpy rYiffs; $l mdhtrpakhdit vd;Wk; rpq;fs kf;fs; fUjpaNjahFk;. rpq;fs kf;fspd; ,e;j nghJthd mgpg;gpuhaj;jpw;Fj; jiy tzq;fhky; Ml;rpapy; ahh; ,Ue;jhYk; mth; fhhpak; nra;aKbahJ. xUth; rdhjpgjpahtJ ntw;wpiaj; jPh;khdpf;Fk; rpWghd;ikapdhpd; thf;F

nfhz;lhbdhh;?. ,e;j tpdhf; fSf;F tpil Njbdhy; mwpaf; $baJ vJntdpy; rpq;fs ngsj;jh; fspd; mgpg;gpuhaj;jpw;F vjpuhf xU rdhjpgjp nrayhw;w KbahJ vd;gNj.

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Vnddpy; Vw;fdNt ehk; fz;Lnfhz;lijg;Nghy ,q;F murhq;fk; khwpdhYk; mJ rpq;fs ngsj;jh;fspd; mgpg;gpuhaj;jpdhy; khWk; murhq;fk; my;y. vdNt khWk; murhq;fKk; ,j;jifa rpq;fs ngsj;jh;fspd; mgpg;gpuhaj;jpw;Nf fhupak; nra;aNtz;bapUf;Fk;. rh;tNjrj;jpd; Mjuitj; jkJ murhq;fj;jpw;F xU fhg;guzhf mikg;gjw;fhfr; rkhjhdk; Fwpj;Jr; rpy Nghf;Ff;fisf; fhl;b Vkhw;wyhNk jtpu rkhjhdj;jpw;fhff; fhhpak; nra;aKbahJ vd;gJ mth;fSf;Nf njhpAk;. vdNt rkhjhdj;ij tpUk;Ggth;fs;> Fwpg;ghfr; rh;tNjr r%fk; rkhjhdj;jpw;F xj;Jiof;ff;$ba kdg;ghq;Fs;s murhq;fj;ij kl;Lk; Ml;rpf;F Vw;wpdhy; mJ eilngwhJ. khwhfr; rpq;fs kf;fspd; mgpg;gpuhaj;ijr; rkhjhdj;jpd;ghy; jpUg;Gtjw;fhd fhhpaq;fspy; ,wq;fNtz;Lk;. xg;gPl;lstpy; Kd;dh; uzpy; murhq;fk; gjtpNawpaNghJ ,j;jifanjhU khw;wk; njd;gl;lJ. ,J rkhjhdkhf thOk; ehfhPf Nkd;ik gw;wp uzpy; murhq;fk; gpur;rhuk; nra;Njh my;yJ nfhs;if tpsf;fkspj;Njh te;jjy;y. Gypfs; kPjhd ,Wjpntw;wp epr;rak; vd;w fUj;jhf;fj;ij Vw;gLj;jp mij Ngzpte;j re;jphpf;fh murhq;fk; Gypfsplk; ,Wjpj; Njhy;tpiaf; fhz Neh;e;JtpLNkh vd;w mr;rk; njd;dpyq;ifapy; cUthfpajdhy; MFk;. Nghh;KidapYk; nghUshjhu ikaq;fisg; ghJfhg;gjpYk; murpd; ifahyh fhj;jdj;jpd; ntspg;ghl;bdhyhFk;. ,JNt rpq;fs ntFrd mgpg;gpuhaj;ijr; rkhjhdj;jpw;fhf MizNfl;l uzpypd; gf;fk; jpUg;gpaJ.

F.ftpaofd; fspdhyhf ,Uf;fyhk;. Mdhy; mth; rdhjpgjpahdJk; mth; fhhpak; nra;aNtz;baJ rpq;fs ngsj;jh;fspd; mgpg;gpuhaj;jpw;Nf md;wp rpWghd;ikapdhpd; mgpg;gpuhaj;jpw;fhf my;y. ,e;j E}jdkhd murpay; nka;ikia ntspehl;L ,uh[je;jpupfs; fz;Lzu kpfTk; fbdg;gLfpwhh;fs;. 80 tPj ngsj;j rpq;fsth; fspd; thf;Ffs; kfpe;jtpw;F fpilj;jnjd;why; ngsj;j rpq;fsth;fspd; nghJthd mgpg;gpuhakhdJ Aj;jj;jpd; %yk; tpLjiyg; Gypfisj; Njhw;fbf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;Wk; md;dpaj; jiyaPLfs; mdhtrpakhd tpl;Lf; nfhLg;Gf;fisj;jhd; GypfSf;Fr; nra;Ankd;Wk; ,Ue;jjhfj;jhd; mh;j;jk;. uzpy; rdhjpgjpahfpapUe; jhy; ,e;j mgpg;gpuhaj;jpw;F vjpuhf uzpyhy; nrayhw;wpapUf;f KbAkh? mt;thW KbAnkd;w ek;gpf;ifapUe;jhy; ,e;j mgpg;gpuhaj;ij khw;Wtjw;fhf mth; vj;jifa Kaw;rp vLj;jhh;? my;yJ ,e;j mgpg;gpuhak; xU nghUl;ly;yntdpy; mth; Vd; rh;tNjr ghJfhg;G tiyg;gpd;dy; %yk; Gypfis tpOj;jpapUg;Ngd; vd;Wk; fUzh gpstpw;Fj; jhq;fNs fhuzk; vd;Wk; chpik

06

rpq;fsg; ngsj;jh;fs; kfpe;jit rdhjpgjpahf;fpajd; %yk; mile;j ,yhgk; vd;d? nghUshjhu tsh;r;rpapy; VjhtJ Kd;Ndw;wk; Vw;gl;ljh? tho;f;ifj; juj;jpy; VjhtJ mth;fSf;Fr; rhjfkhd khw;wq;fs; epfo;e;jjh? my;yJ murhq;fj;jpdhy; eil Kiwg;gLj;jg;gLk; eytho;Tj; jpl;lq;fs; VJk; Nkk;gl;ljh? cw;gj;jpahsh;fSf;Fg; Gjpa tha;g;Gf;fs; fpilj;jjh? my;yJ rh;tNjr cwtpy; ,yq;iff;F me;j];J Kf;fpaj;Jtg; ghj;jpuk; fpilj;jjh? vJTNk elf;ftpy;iy. rhjhuz tho;f;ifr; nryT mjpfhpg;gpdhy; kfpe;jtpw;F thf;fspj;j ngsj;j rpq;fsth;fNs jpzWfpd;whh;fs;. khdpaq;fs;$l epWj;jg;gLfpd;wd. ntspehl;L tUtha;f;fhd vy;yh %yq;fSk; milgl;Lg;Nghfpd;wd. rh;tNjr r%fk; kfpe;j muirj; jdpikg; gLj;jTk; vj;jdpf;fpd;wJ. MapDk; rpq;fs kf;fspd; MjuT mtUf;F ,d;wsTk; cz;nldpy; mJ vq;qdk; vd;w Nfs;tpjhd; Kf;fpakhdJ. mJ vJntdpy; rpq;fs kf;fs; kfpe;jthy; milag;ngWk; ,uhZt ntw;wpfs; Fwpj;J kpfTk; cw;rhfj;Jld; ,Uf;fpd;whh;fs;. ngUkpjk; fiuGuz;L XLfpwJ.

ntspg;ghnld;Nw. mj;jifanjhU czh;it mWtil nra; tjw;fhfNt kfpe;j ,g;gbnahU Nfypf;$j;jhd jPu;itf;$lj; jd; fl;rpapd; jPh;thf Kd;itj;jpUe;jhh; vd;gij milahsq;fhzj; jtwptplf; $lhJ. ,d;W njd;dpyq;ifapy; Vw;gl;l murpay; Fog;gj;ij ahUk; jtwhf tpahf;fpahdk; nra;ayhk;. mJ kf;fspd; mjpUg;jp fhuzkhf vOe;jjy;y. kfpe;j murhq;fk; mr;RWj;jg;gLtJ kf;fshYky;y. mJ ntWkNd cl;fl;rp MSikg; Nghl;bfshYk;> Raeyd;fshYk;> gjtp mjpUg;jpfshYk; cUthdJ. ,jd; %yk; cUthfpa murpay; Fog;gk; kfpe;j murhq;fj;ijf; ftpo;g;gjw;F cjtf;$Lk;. vjph;f;fl;rpAk; MSk; fl;rp mjpUg;jpahsh;fSk; ,yq;ifapy; rkhjhdj;ij tpUk;Gk; rh;tNjr r%fKk; ,ize;J kfpe;j Ml;rpiaf; ftpo;g;gjw;Fk; khw;W murhq;fj;ij mikf;fTk; KbAk;. Mdhy; mjd; %yk; rkhjhdj;ij kl;Lk; nfhz;Lte;JtpLtjw;fhd tha;g;G fdpe;JtpLk; vd;W rh;tNjr r%fk; ek;gptplf;$lhJ. Aj;jj;jpd; typg;gl;Lg;NghapUf;Fk; jkpo; kf;fSk; $l eg;ghir mile;Jtplf;$lhJ.

,g;NghJk; ahNuDk; rkhjhdj;ij tpUk;Gthh;fNsahdhy; mJ Nkw;Fyfhfl;Lk;> ,e;jpahthfl;Lk;> ,yq;ifapd; rpWghd;ikj; jkpoh;fshfl;Lk; my;yJ uzpyhfl;Lk; mth;fs; nra;aNtz;baJ ahnjdpy; ngsj;j rpq;fs kf;fis ,dj;jPtputhjpfspd; gpbapypUe;J kPl;gjw;fhd fhhpakhf ,Uf;fNtz;Lk;. mjw;fhd nray; vJntdpy; uh[gf;r rNfhjuh;fshy; kPz;Lk; rpq;fs kf;fsplk; Vw;gLj;jg;gLk; Gypfs; kPjhd ntw;wp gw;wpa fUj;jhf;fg; ngha;ikia ep&gpf;fNtz;Lk;. mt;thW ep&gpg;gjw;fhd khh;f;fk; nrwpthd fUj;jhly;fis mk; kf;fspilNa elj;jNtz;Lk; vd;Nwh my;yJ ,Jkhjphp Ntnwhd;iwNah $wpdhy; mJ xU mgj;jkhd gpjw;wy; vd;W xU Foe;jijf;Ff;$l tpsq;ff;$baJ. khh;f;fk; xd;Wjhd;> xd;Nwnahd;Wjhd;. tpLjiyg;Gypfs; jkJ Nghh; typikia ep&gpj;Jf; fhz;gpg;gjhFk;. rkhjhdj;ij tpUk;Ggth;fs; nra;aNtz;ba fhhpak; tpLjiyg;Gypfs; ,j;jifa vj;jdj;ij vLg;gjw;F vy;yhtifapYk; MjuT ey;FtjhFk;.

itfhrp - Mdp> 2007


j kpoh; jhafj;jpy; tlfpof;fpy; Nghh; eil

ngWfpd;wJ> vd $wpf;nfhz;lhYk; Nghh; eil ngwhj Nky; khfhzKk; tlNky; khfhzKk; mbf;fb Rw;wp tisf;fg;gLfpd;wd. Kw;Wiff; Fs;shfpd;wd. jkpoh;fs; jkJ milahsj;ij cWjpg;gLj;JkhW Nfl;fg;gLfpd;whh;fs;. Kiwaw;w Kiwapy; ifJ nra;ag;gLfpwhh;fs;. flj;jg;gL fpwhh;fs;. fg;gk; Nfhug;gLfpd;wJ. fhzhky; Ngha;tpLfpd;whh;fs;. gLnfhiy nra;ag;gL fpd;whh;fs;. mtprhtis> mEuhjGuk;> Kj;Juhf ty> ntd;dg;Gt vd gy ,lq;fspYk; gy jkpoh;fsJ rlyq;fs; milahsk; fhzg;gl KbahjthW rpijf;fg;gl;l epiyapy; kPl;fg;gl;ld. ,it E}Wf;FNky; vd $wg;gLfpd;wJ. ,j;jifa ,dr; Rj;jpfhpg;gpd; xU ghpkhzNk nfhOk;gpypUe;J 07.06.2007 md;W mjpfhiy Ntis 58 ngz;fs; cl;gl Foe;ijfs; KjpNahh;fs; vd 328Ngh; gyte;jkhf mth;fsJ tjptplq;fspypUe;J ntspNaw;wg;gl;L NgUe;Jfspy; Vw;wg;gl;L tTdpah> jpUkiy> kl;lf;fsg;G vd tlfpof;F khfhzq;fSf;F mDg;gg;gl;lhh;fs;. mth;fSf;Nf njhpahj ,lq;fspy; mfjp Kfhk; fSf;Fs; ,wf;fptplg;gl;ldh;. ,e;j mbg;gil kdpj chpik kPwiy rh;tNjrk; fz;bj;jJ. [dhjpgjp kd;dpg;Gf;Nfhutpy;iy. gpujkh; kd;dpg;Gf;

83 ,df; fytuj;jpd; NghJ nd;dpyq;ifapy; jkpoh; xUth; eph;thzkhf;fg;gl;L rpj;jputijf; Fs;shf;fg;gl;L gpd; ngw;Nwhy; Cw;wp nfhiy nra;ag;gl;lhh;.

2007 kfpe;j ,uh[gf;r fle;j 07.06.2007 md;W ghJfhg;Gr; nrayhsh; Nfhj;jgha ,uh[gf;rhTk; nghyp];kh mjpgh; tpf;lh; ngNuuhTk; ,ize;J nfhOk;G tpLjpfspy; jq;fpapUe;j jkpoh;fisg; gyte;jkhf ntspNaw;wpg; NgUe;Jfspy; Vw;wpj; jpUkiy> kl;lf;fsg;G> tTdpah Nghd;w ,lq;fSf;F mDg;gp itj;jhh;fs;. kfpe;j ,uh[gf;rhtpd; xUg;ghl;Lld; ,lk;ngw;w ,e;j mg;gl;lkhd kdpj chpik kPwypd;NghJ 58 ngz;fs; cl;gl 328 jkpoh;fs; ,t;thwhfg; gyte;jkhf tlfpof;Fg; gFjpfSf;F

mDg;gpitf;fg;gl;lhh;fs;. xNu ehL> xw;iwahl;rp vd;W Kof;fkpLk; kfpe;j ,uh[gf;rTk; ajhh;j;jj;ij Vw;Wf;nfhz;lhh;. rh;tNjr r%fk; gyj;j vjph;g;ig ntspg;gLj;jpJ.

Nejh[p Nfhhpdhh;. mij xU mikr;rh; (byhd; ngNuuh) ghuhl;bdhh;. Mdhy; ,d;ndhU mikr;rh; mij (n[auhr; ngh;zhz;NlhGs;Ns) fz;bj;jhh;. ghJfhg;G mikr;rpd; nrayhsh; Nfhj;jgha ,uh[gf;r ,e;j nfhOk;Gj; jkpoh; ntspNaw;wj;ij epahag;gLj;jpdhh;. nghyp];kh mjpgh; tpf;lh; ngNuuhit gypf;flhthf;f murhq;fk; Kaw;rp nra;jJ. mth; ,uh[pdhkh nra;a Kad;whh;. mJ gpd;dh; rhpf;fl;lg;gl;Ltpl;lJ. 1978Mk; Mz;L murpayikg;gpd; %d;whk; mj;jpahak; Fwpg;gpLk; ,yq;ifg; gpuirfs; vtUf;Fk; ,yq;ifapd; vg;ghfj;jpYk; thOk; chpikAz;L vd;w rl;l Vw;ghL nghUsw;Wg; Ngha;tpl;lJ. ,e;j ,dr; Rj;jpfhpg;Gr; nraw;ghlhdJ rh;tNjr kl;lj;jpy; muh[fthjpfshy; Nkw;nfhs;sg; gl;l ,dr;Rj;jpfhpg;Gr; nraw;ghLfNshL xg;GNehf;fj;jf;fJ. n[h;kdpa ehl;by; tho;e;j A+j ,dkf;fis `pl;lhpd; jsgjpahd mNlhy;g; `pr;kdpd; ,uhZtk; flj;jpr; nrd;W ehL flj;jpaJ. njd;dh gphpf;fhtpy; nfhba epwntwpadhd mad; ];kpj; vd;w nts;is ,dj;jtd; fWg;G ,dj;jth;fis ntspNaw;wpj; jdpahd FbapUg;GfSf;Fs; js;spitj;jhd;. ngh];dpahtpy; K];ypk;fs; rh;thjpfhhp kpNyhRtpf;fpd; cj;jutpd; Nghpy; ,uhZtj;jhy; ,dr; Rj;jpfhpg;Gr; nra;ag;gl;lhh;fs;. ,j;jifa ,dr; Rj;jpfhpg;gpy;jhd; ,d;W kfpe;j uh[gf;rtpd; ,dthj muR <Lgl;Ls;sJ. tho;f;ifr; nryT cah;thYk; tho;f;ifj;ju tPo;r;rpahYk; nehe;JNghapUf;Fk; rpq;fs kf;fisj; jpir jpUg;Gtjw;fhfg; Nghpdthjpfs; ,j;jifa mjpub eltbf;ifapy; <LgLfpwhh;fs;. ,J ,d;W New;W Muk;gkhdnjhd;wy;y.

1958,y; gz;lhuehafh 1958Mk; Mz;L ,df;fytuk; Vw;gl;L jkpo; kf;fs; njd;dpyq;ifapy; jhf;fg;gl;L xU rpy ehl;fspy; mfjpfs; Mf;fg;gl;L nfhOk;G Nwhay; fy;Y}hp mfjp Kfhkpy; jq;f itf;fg;gl;lhh;fs;. ,d;Dk; gy ,lq;fspy; nfhOk;gpdJk; Gwefuq;fspYk; ,t;thW gy mfjp Kfhk;fs; jpwf;fg;gl;ld. Mdhy; mth;fshy; kPs jkJ nrhe;j ,lq;fSf;Fr; nry;y Kbatpy;iy. ,Wjpahff; nfhOk;G mfjpfs; ahtUk; fly; khh;f;fkhfNt itfhrp - Mdp> 2007

toq;fpdhh;. vy;yhf; fg;gy;fSk; nfhOk;Gj; Jiw Kfj;jpypUe;J jkpo; mfjpfis Vw;wpf;nfhz;L fhq;Nfrd;Jiwj; JiwKfj;ij Nehf;fp te;J Nrh;e;jd. xw;iwahl;rp vd;Wk; ,yq;if xNu ehL vd;Wk; $wpte;j N[.Mh;. tlf;F fpof;F jhd; jkpoh; fSf;Fg; ghJfhg;G vd;gij cl;fpilahf Vw;Wf; nfhz;lhh;. 1957,y; cUthf;fg;gl;l gz;lh-nry;th cld;gbf;ifapy; tlf;F fpof;F jkpoh; jhafk; vd;w fUj;J fhzg;gl;likahy; jhd; fz;bf;Fg; ghjahj; jpiu Nghdjhfr; nrhd;d N[.Mh;. ,Wjpapy; jkpoh; jhafk; gw;wpa ajhh;j;jj;ij Vw;Wf; nfhz;lhh;. rh;tNjr r%fKk; jdJ nksdj;ijf; fiyj;jJ. ,Wf%ba fz;fs; mfyj;jpwe;jJ.

nrhy;yhj nra;jp vd;d?

tlfpof;F khfhzq;fSf;F mDg;gp itf;fg;gl;lhh;fs;. cs;@h; ajhh;j;jk; Vw;gl;lJ. jkpo;j;Njrpak; khdrPfkhf Vw;Wf;nfhs;sg;gl;lJ.

1983,y; N[.Mh;.n[ath;jj ; dh 1983Mk; Mz;L njd;dpyq;ifapy; Nghpd thjpfshy; Nkw;nfhs;sg;gl;l ,dg;gLnfhiyiaj; njhlh;e;J jkpo; kf;fs; nfhOk;gpYk; kw;Wk; gy ,lq;fspYk; nfhiy nra;ag;gl;lhh;fs;. ,e;j ,dg;gLnfhiyapd; NghJ nts;stj;ij> gk;gyg; gpl;b Nghd;w gy ,lq;fspy; gy Mapuf;fzf;fhd jkpoh;fs; mfjp Kfhk;fspy; jQ;rk; GFe;jhh;fs;. ,th;fisj; njhlh;e;Jk; mfjp Kfhk;fspy; jq;fitf;f Nehpl;ljhy; mfjp Kfhk;fSk; jhf;fg;gLk; mghak; Njhd;wpaJ. ,jdhy; ,th;fspy; gyh; fly;khh;f;fkhfNt tlfpof;F khfhzq;fSf;F mDg;gp itf;fg; gl;lhh;fs;. ,yq;if muRf;Fr; nrhe;jkhd ruf;Ff; fg;gyhd yq;fhuhzp> yq;fh fy;ahzp Nghd;w fg;gy;fis ,yq;if murhq;fk; gad;gLj;jpaJ. mg;Nghija ,e;jpag; gpujkh; ,e;jpuhfhe;jp rpjk;guk; vd;w gazpfs; fg;giyAk;

fle;j Ik;gJ tUlq;fshf Ml;rp elj;Jk; ,q;fdg; Nghpdthjpfs; Nghpdthj tp];jhpg;Gf;fhf vijf; $wpf;nfhz;lhYk; cs;@h; ajhh;j;jj;ij kpwp nray;gl Kbahjth;fshfNt ,Uf;fpwhh;fs;. 1958Mk; Mz;L ,df;fytuj;jpd;NghJ gpujkh; gz;lhuehaf;fh fytuj;jpy; ghjpf;fg;gl;l kf;fis mj;jdfy;iyf;Nfh Nehunfhy;iyf;Nfh mDg;gp itf;ftpy;iy. tlfpof;Fg; gpuNjrq;fSf;Nf mDg;gpitj;jhh;. 1983Mk; Mz;L ,df;fy tuj;jpd;NghJ N[.Mh;. n[ath;j;jdh ghjpf;fg;gl;l jkpoh;fisj; jdJ nrhe;j njhFjpahd nfhOk;G Nkw;fpy; ,Ue;J tlf;F - fpof;F khfhzq;fSf;Nf mDg;gpitj;jhh;. mth;fisj; jdJ thr];jykhd thh;l; gpNsrpw;F mioj;Jr; nry;ytpy;iy. mq;F mtuhy; ghJfhg;G toq;f Kbatpy;iy. tlf;F fpof;Fg; gpuNjrq;fSf;Nf mDg;gpitj;jhh;. ,Nj Nghy kfpe;j ,uh[gf;r FLk;g Ml;rpahsh;fSk; nfhOk;G tpLjpfspypUe;J ntspNaw;wg;gl;l jkpoh; fis mk;ghe;Njhl;ilf;Nfh my;yJ tPutpyTf;Nfh mDg;gtpy;iy. khwhf tlf;F - fpof;F khfhzq; fSf;Nf mDg;gp itj;jhh;fs;> jkpoh;fs;| MfNt ,q;Nf rpq;fsg; Nghpdthjpfs; jkJ nray;fs; %yk; nrhy;yhj nra;jp vd;d? rpq;fs Njrk; jkpoh;fSf;Fg; ghJfhg;ghdJ my;y. jkpoh; jhafk; jhd; jkpoh;fSf;Fg; ghJfhg;ghdJ. ,e;j ajhh;j;jj;ij vtuhYk; kPwpr;nraw;gl KbahJ. nfhOk;Gj; jkpoh;fs; nfhOk;gpy; thOk; tiu Kw;WiffSk;> Rw;wptisg;GfSk; ,lk;ngwj;jhd; Nghfpd;wd. nfhOk;Gj; jkpoh;fs; ntspNaw;wg;gLk; mtyk; Kw;Wg; ngwtpy;iy. mJ vjph;fhyj;jpYk; njhluj;jhd; Nghfpd;wJ. rpwpyq;fhtpd; Clf mikr;rh; mEu gpajh;rd ahg;gh gj;jphpifahsh; kfhehl;by; mjid xj;Jf; nfhz;lhh;. mth; nrhd;d tpsf;fk; [dehaf kuGfisg; Ngzpg;ghJfhf;fNt ,j;jifa ntspNaw;wk; vd;fpwhh;fs;. jkpoh; jhaf g+kpia Mf;fpukpj;J epw;Fk; ,uhZtf; Ftpg;GfSk; kdpj chpik kPwy;fSk; rpwpyq;fhtpd; [dehaf kuGfSf;Fs; mlq;f kWg;gitahfNt njhlh;e;Jk; ,Uf;fpd;wd. 07


tpLjiyg; Gypfs; kf;fspypUe;J NtWgl;lth;fs; my;y| tpLjiyg; Gypfs; xU kf;fs; ,af;fk;| Gypfs; jhd; kf;fs;| kf;fs; jhd; Gypfs;. - jkpoPo Njrpaj; jiyth; NkjF Nt. gpughfud; mth;fs;. xU tpLjiyg; Nghuhl;lk; ntw;wp ngwNtz; L khdhy; kf; f s; vOr; r pAk; topelj;jpr; nry;Yk; jpwikahd jiy ikAk; ,Uj; j y; mtrpak; . jiyik kf;fspy; ,Ue;J gpwg;ngLf;fpd;wJ. mNj jiyik kf;fs; kdkwpe;J tpLjiyf; fhd midj;ijAk; jpl;lkpl;Lr; nra; fpd; w J. vOr; r pngwhj kf; f s; $l; l k; tpLjiy ngw; w jhf tuyhW ,y; i y. vOr;rp kl;Lk; NghjhJ> rpwe;j jiyik Ak; tha;f;fNtz;Lk;. kf;fSk; jiyik Ak; xd;wpize;J nraw;gLk;NghJ tpL jiy cWjpahfpd;wJ. vkJ tpLjiyg; Nghuhl;lj;ij kypdg;gLj;j tpisNthh; jkpoPo kf;fs; NtW jkpoPo tpLjiyg; Gypfs; NtW vd;W fhl;l Kay;fpd;wdh;. Gypfs; mikg;G kf;fshy; cUthf;fg; gl; l J. Gypfspd; gyk; kf; f s; gyk;

vd;gJ kWf;f Kbahj ajhh;j;jk;. jkpoPo kf;fs; gphpe;J nry;y tpUk;Gfpd;wdh;. ,jw;fikthf tpLjiyg; Gypfs; jdp ehl;Lf; Nfhhpf;ifia Kd;itf;fpd;w dh; | vz; z w; w caph; j ; j pahfk; nra; J mjw;fhfg; NghhpLfpd;wdh;. kf;fs; tpUk; ghjij tpLjiyg; Gypfs; Kd;ndLg; gjw; F tha; g ; g py; i y. tpLjiyf; f hf caph;j;jpahfk; nra;Ak; khtPuh;fs; jkpoPo kf;fs; ngw;nwLj;Jr; rPuhl;bg; ghuhl;b tsh; j ; j gps; i sfs; vd; g ij kwf; f f; $lhJ. jkpoPo kf;fisAk; jkpoPo tpL jiyg; GypfisAk; NtWgLj;jpg; ghh;g; Nghiuf; fz; ,uz; b Ue; J k; ghh; f ; f kWg;Nghuhff; fUJfpNwhk;. jkpoPo kf; f spd; jdp ehl; L f; Nfhhpf;if xU tuyhw;Wj; Njit. vk; Kd;dhl; jiyth;fs; rpq;fsth;fNshL $btho;tJ rhj;jpak; vd;W ek;gpdhh;fs;. neUf;fkhd el;GwTfisAk; nfhLf;fy; thq; f y; f isAk; jkpo; j ; jiyth; f s; rpq; f sj; jiyikAld; nfhz; b Ue; j dh;. jkJ ,Ug;gplq;fisf; nfhOk;gpy; mikj;Jf; nfhz;ldh;. mg;gbahdth; fspy; xUtuhd tTdpah ghuhSkd;w Kd; d hs; cWg; g pdh; rp.Re; j uypq; f k; jkpoPof; Nfhupf;ifia gfpuq;fkhf vOg; gpdhh;. mth; jdJ Ngug;gps;isfSf;F “<og;Nghuhl;lk;” vd;w fbjj;njhFg;ig jdJ ,Wjpf;fhyj;jpy; tpl;Lr;nrd;whh;. Mdhy; jdJ fzf; f pay; %is nfhz; L nlhd%h; Mizaj; j pd; murpay; ghpe; J iufSf; F mikthf KOr;rpqf ; s mikr;ruit (PAN SINHALA CABINET)mikf;fr; Re;juypq;fk; MNyh rid toq; f pdhh; . jkpo; j ; JNuhfpfs;

08

thpir tTdpah Re; j uypq; f k; > kl; l f; fsg; G jk; g pKj; J > aho; g ; g hzj; J g; nghd; d k; g yk; kw; W k; Jiuag; g h> gz;zhfk; mkpu;jypq;fk; vd;W kpfTk; ePskhdJ. ,d;W elg;gJ kf;fs; kag; gLj;jg;gl;l Rje;jpug; Nghuhl;lk;. ,q;F murpay; tpisahl;LfSf;F ,lkpy;iy. jkJ Njitia czh; e ; j kf; f Sf; F nghUj; j khd jiyikiaj; jkpoPo tpLjiyg; Gypfs; toq;Ffpwhh;fs;. cyfpd; kpf neba fhyk; ePbj; j tpLjiyg; Nghh; vd;W fUjg;gLk; mah; yhe;jpd; (IRELAND) tuyhW ,q;fpyhe; jpd; ,uz;lhk; nfd;wp kd;ddpd; (HENRY II) 1171Mk; Mz;L Mf;fpukpg;Gld; Muk; gpf;fpwJ. fj;Njhypf;f kjj;ijAk; nfap ypf; (GAELIC) nkhopiaAk; jkJ Kf;fpa milahskhff; nfhz;l Ihp\; kf;fis mlf; F tjw; F k; mth; f s; ,Ug; i g ,y; y hnjhopg; g jw; F k; ,q; f pyhe; j pd; murh; f Sk; Ml; r pahsh; f Sk; vLj; j eltbf;iffs; Vuhsk;. kPz;Lk; kPz;Lk; elj;jg;gl;l ,uhZtj; jhf;Fjy;fsh Yk;> mjw;F Ihp\; kf;fs; fhl;ba vjph;g; ghYk; ngUksT nghJkf;fs; nfhy;

yg;gl;ldh;. 17Mk; E}w;whz;bd; eLg;gF jpapy; ,q;fpyhe;jpd; kd;dh; Ml;rpia jw;fhypfkhf KbTf;Ff; nfhz;L te;j rh;thjpfhhp xypth; Fnuhk;nty; (OLIVER CROMWELL) (1599-1658)ngUksT Mq;fpy FbNaw;wthrpfis mah;yhe;Jj; jPtpy; FbNaw; w pdhd; . mah; y he; J j; jPT ,q;fpyhe;jpd; Nkw;fpy; mike;Js;sJ> 31>839 rJu ikw; gug;igf; nfhz;Ls;sJ. ,q;fpyhe;Jj; jPTf;F mLj;j kpfg; nghpa epyg;gug;ig mJ nfhz;Ls;sJ. xU kf; f s; $l; l j; j pd; Njrpaf; fl;likg;igAk; ghuk;ghpa milahsj; ijAk; mopj;njhopg;gjw;F ,q;fpyhe;J fz; L gpbj; j cghakhff; FbNaw; w k; Rl;bf;fhl;lg;gLfpwJ. vjph; Nghuhl;lq; fs; votplhJ ClWg;gjw;Fk; FbNaw;wg; gl;l ehl;ilj; jkJ vd;W NfhUtjw;Fk; ,e; j cghak; tifnra; f pd; w J. Fb Naw;wk; gw;wp ,j;jhypapd; murpay; jj;J thrphpad; khf;fpahnty;yp(MACHIAVELLI) (1469-1527)gpd;tUkhW $Wfpwhh;. “murd; jhd; ifg;gw;wpa gFjpia jdJ Mjpf;fj; jpd; fPo; njhlh;e;J itj;jpUf;fNtz;L khapd; mq; F jdJ FbNaw; w q; f is ]; j hgpg; g J> ,uhZtKfhk; f is tpl NkyhdjhFk; . Vnddpy; ,uhZtj; jpw;F murNd Cjpak; nfhLf;fNtz; Lk;. FbNaw;wg;gLNthh; re;jjp re;jjpahf me; j kz; z py; epd; W jhf; F g; g pbf; f f; $bath;fshth;. vdNt FbNaw;wk; xU tif epue;ju ,uhZtkhFk;.” rpq;fsth; fs; Rje;jpuk; ngw;w ehl;njhl;L khf;fpah nty;ypapd; Nfhl;ghl;Lf;F mikthfj; jkpoh; jhafj;jpy; rpq;fsf; FbNaw;wq; fis mikf;fpd;wdh;. ,d;DkJ Xa;e;j

ghby;iy. nghj;Jtpy;> mk;ghiw K]; ypk; f Sf; F nrhe; j khd epyq; f Sk; > rk;G+h;> %J}h; fpof;fpy; jkpoh;fSf;Fr; nrhe;jkhd ghuk;ghpa fpuhkq;fSk; rpq; fsf; FbNaw; w j; j pw; f hf mz; i kapy; xJf;fg;gl;Ls;sd. Ihp\; kf;fs; jq;fs; nrhe;j kz; zpy; epykw;wth;fshf tho FbNaw;wj; jpd; %yk; eph;g;ge;jpf;fg;gl;ldh;. vQ;rpa mth; f Sf; f hd epyj; j pYk; tptrhak; nra;tjw;Ff; fl;Lg;ghLfSk; jilfSk; tpjpf;fg;gl;ld. Ihp\; kf;fspd; gpujhd czthd cUisf; fpoq; F vkf; F r; NrhW Nghy tho;thjhukhFk;.1845 - 1849 fhyg;gFjpapy; G+Q;ir Neha; cUisf; fpoq;Fr; nra;ifiag; ghjpj;jJ. ,e;j %d;W tUlg; gQ;rj;jpy; 1>50>000 Ihp\; kf;fs; caphpoe;jdh;. ngUe;njhifah Ndhh; mnkhpf; f htpw; F fly; f le; J nrd;W FbNawpdh;. mnkhpf;ff; Fbkf; fspd; fzprkhd mstpdh; mah;yhe;J tk; r htspapdh; . mnkhpf; f mjpgh; f s; nfdb> Nufd; MfpNahh; ,jpy; mlq;F th;. Fb Naw;wj;jpd; gadha; 1703y; 14tPj epyk; khj;jpuk; Ihp\; fj;Njhypf;f kf;fs; iffspy; ,Ue;jd. kpFjpahTk; Gul;l]; jhe;J kjj;ijr; Nrh;e;j ,q;fpyhe;jpd; FbNaw; w thrpfsplk; nrd; W tpl; l d. mah; y he; j pd; jdp ehl; L f; Nfhhpf; i f tYg; ngWtjw;F njhlh;r;rpahf ele;j FbNaw;wq;fSk; Nkw;$wpa %d;WtUlg; gQ; r Kk; fhuzkh fpd;wd. 1850 njhlf; fk; Njrpa tpopg; Gzh; r ; r p Vw; g l; l J. Mq; f pNyah; kPjhd ntWg;Gzh;r;rp Kidg; G g; n gw; w J. Ihp\; nkhop gz; ghl; i l caph; g ; g pf; f Ntz;Lk; vd;w vz; zKk; rkhe;jukhf vOe;jJ. jw;fhyg; nghJ Tlikr; rpj; j he; j j; jpd; je; i jahd fhh;s; khf;]; (KARL MARX 1818 - 1883)

Nghuhl;lk; xd;W jhd; tpbaiyj; jUk; vd;W KbTf;F Ihp\; fj;Njhypf;f kf;fs; te;jdh;. Ihp\; kf;fspd; chpikg; Nghuhl; lj; i j Kw; w hf kWg; g J Mgj; j hd nfhs;if vd;W czh;e;j gphpl;b]; muR 1914Mk; Mz;L gy epge;jidfs;> tiu aiwfs; cs; s lq; f pa Rahl; r p kNrh jhit epiwNtw;wpaJ. ,r;rl;lk; FbauR thjpfisj; jpUg;jpg;gLj;jj; jtwpaJ> mth;fs; G+uz FbauRf; nfhs;ifia typAWj; j pdh; . 1916,y; ,f; n fhs; i f iaf; nfhz;l rpy MAjk; jhq;fpa FOf; fs; Nghuhl;lj;jpy; ,wq;fpd. muR mij ,Uk;Gf;fuk; nfhz;L eRf;fpaJ. Kf;fpa Kd;dzpg; Nghuhspfs; 18g; NgUf;F muR kuzjz;lid epiwNtw;wpaJ. ,jd; gpd; kf;fs; nfhjpj;njOe;jdh;. ghuJ}u khd ,e;jj; jz;lid Ihp\; tpLjiyg; Nghiuj; jPtpug; g Lj; j paNjhL kf; f s; gq;fspg;igAk; tphpthf;fpaJ. gphpj; j hdpahtpd; ,q; f pyhe; J j; jPTf;F Nkw;Nf 50iky; njhiytpYs;s mah;yhe;ij vspjpy; iftpl muR rk;k jpf;ftpy;iy. cyf ty;yuR vd;w epiy iaj; jf; f itg; g jw; F k; mah; y he; J kPjhd gpb mtrpakhf mike;jJ. mah; yhe; J tpLjiy ngw; w hy; ,e; j pah Nghd;w ehLfSf;F mJ Kd;Djhuz khf mikAk; tha;gG ; k; ,Ue;jJ. vdpDk; rpy murpay; rPh;jpUj;jq;fis mah;yhe; jpw;F toq;f gphpj;jhdpah jahuhfpaJ. 1914,y; epiwNtwpa Rahl; r p kNrhjh mjpy; Kjd; i kahdJ. 1918,y; ,e; j kNrhjhtpd; fPo; mah;yhe;jpd; nghJkf; fs; rigf; f hd Njh; j y; eilngw; w J. ,jpy; FbauRthjpfs; ngUk; g hd; i k Mrdq; f isg; ngw; w dh; . ,ijj; njhlh;e;J FbauRthjpfs; mah;yhe;jpd; nghJkf; f s; rigia epuhfhpj; j dh; . <kd; b tyuh (EAMMON DE VALERA 1882 1975) vd;w mnkhpf;fhtpy; gpwe;j Ihp\; Nghuhl;lj; jiytiu [dhjpgjpahff; nfhz;l mah;yhe;Jf; Fbauir mth; fs; gpufldg;gLj;jpdh;. ,jd;gpd; Mq; fhq; N f gphpl; b \; gilfSf; F vjpuhd nfhpy;yhj; jhf;Fjy;fs; ele;jd. ,J ehL jOtpa Nghuhf ,lk;ngw;wJ. Mq; fpy - Ihp\; Nghh; vd;W 1919 njhlf;fk;

Ihp\; kf; f spd; tpLjiy Ntl; i fia $h; i kahf mtjhdpj; J s; s hh; . mth; N[h;kdpapy; gpwe;j A+jh; vdpDk; 1849y; yz; l dpy; FbGFe; j th; . 1850y; fhh; s ; khf;]; mah;yhe;J xU jdpaurhf mik af;$lhJ vd;w fUj;ij ntspapl;lhh;. 1867tiu mth; ,e; j epiyg; g hl; i l vLj;jhh;. ,NjtUlk; mth; mah;yhe;J gphpj; j hdpahtplkpUe; J gphpaj; j hd; Ntz;Lnkd;whh;. jdJ kd khw;wj;jpw; fhd tpsf; f j; i j mth; 1869y; ntsp apl; l hh; . Mokhd Ma; T ,k; Kbit vLf;fj; J}z;baJ vd;whh;. ,jd; gpd;dh; mth; mah;yhe;jpd; tpLjiyf;fhd fUj; jpay; Nghiu Kd;ndLj;jhh;. Mdhy; khh;f;rpd; fUj;Jf;fs; Ihp\; kf;fs; kPJ Fwpg; g plj; j f; f ghjpg; i g Vw; g Lj; j tpy; i y. khwhf Ihp\; ,isa jiy Kiwapdh; jdpauR mikf;f Ntz;Lk; vd; w fUj; i jr; Rakhff; nfhz; b Ue;jdh;. ,Ugjhk; E}w;whz;bd; Muk;g ehl; fspy; tpLjiyf;fhd ,yl;rpaj;Jld; Rahl;rpf; Nfhhpf;if mzpapdh; (HOME RULE PARTY) FbauRthjpfs; (REPUBLI CANS) Nghd;w mikg;Gf;fs; Njhd;wpd. gphpj;jhdpahTld; ,ize;jpUf;f Ntz; Lk; vd; w If; f pathjpfs; fl; r pAk; (UNIONISTS) khWgl;l fUj;Jld; Njhd;wp aJ. Nghuhl; l k; tYg; n gWtij czh;e;j gphpl;b]; ghuhSkd;wk; Rahl;rp kNrhjhit (HOME RULE DILL) 1885y; nfhz;Lte;jJ. Mdhy; ,J thf;nfLg; gpy; Njhy; t paile; j J. 1893y; ,e; j kNrhjh fPo;rigahy; epiwNtw;wg;gl;lh Yk;. gpuGf;fs; rig mij epuhfhpj;J tpl; lJ. Ngr;Rthh;j;ij gadw;wJ> MAjg;

1921tiu ele; j jhf; F jy; f s; th; z pf; fg; g Lfpd; w d. nfhpy; y hj; jhf; F jy; fSf;F <LnfhLf;f Kbahj gphpl;b\; muR FbauRthjpfisg; Ngr; R f; F tUkhW gfpuq;f miog;G tpLj;jJ. b tyuhtpd; rk;kjj;NjhL Mh;jh; fphpgpj; kw; W k; ikf; N fy; nfhypd; ] ; MfpNahh; Ngr;Rf;Fr; nrd;wdh;. Gul;l]; jhe; J kjk; rhh; e ; j FbNaw; w thrpfs; ngUk; g hd; i kahf thOk; tl mah; yhe;J jtph;e;j vQ;rpa gFjpf;Ff; fdlh Tf;Ff; nfhLj;jijg; Nghd;w muRhpikj; jFjpia (DOMINION STATUS) toq;f gphpl; b\; muR xj;Jf; nfhz;lJ. mah;yhe; Jj; jPT njw;F tlf;fhfg; gphpf;fg;gl;Lj; njw;F Ihp\; Rje;jpu ehL (IRISH FREE STATE) vd;W miof;Fk; jpl;lk; tFf;fg; gl;lJ. ,j;jpl;lj;ij FbauRthjpfspd; ngUk; g Fjpapdh; Vw; W f; n fhz; l dh; . Nkw; $ wpa ,UtUk; cld; g bf; i fapy; xg;gkpl;ldh;. tl mah;yhe;J gphpj;jhdp ahTld; ,izf;fg;gl;lJ. ,g;NghJ tl mah;yhe;Jg; gpur;rpid vd;w Gjpatbtk; Njhd; w pAs; s J. tl mah; y he; i j tpl;Lf;nfhLj;jij vjph;j;Jj; jiyth; btyuh cl; g l xU njhFjpapdh; cs; ehl; L g; Nghhpy; <Lglj; jahuhfpdh; . 1916,y; ele; j Njhy; t paile; j Ihp\; fpsh;r;rpf; FOf;fspy; xd;whd rpd;ng apd; (SINN FEIN) mikg;gpd; fl;lisj; jsgjpfspy; xUtuhf b tyuh ,Ue;jth;. rpd;ngapd; vd;why; nfapypj; nkhopapy; jdpNa ehq;fs; (OURSELVES ALONE) vd;W nghUs;. njw;F mah;yhe;jpd; Nrhf tu yhwhf 1922 -1923 ,y; FbauRthjpfs; ,U mzpfSf; f pilapy; ngUk; cs; ehl;Lg; Nghh; ntbj;jJ. 1923,y;

itfhrp - Mdp> 2007


mikjp Vw; g l; l J. rpd; n gapd; mikg;gpypUe;J tpyfpa b tyuh jdJ jiyikapy; GjpjhfnthU FbauRf; fl;rpiaj; njhlq;fpdhh;. 1932,y; mth; ehl;bd; jiyikg; gjtpiaj; Njh;jy; %yk; ifg; g w; w pdhh; . 1948 tiu mth; ,g; g jtp tfpj; j hh; . mtUila gjtpf; fhyj;jpy; (1938) njw;F mah;yhe;jpYs;s gphpl;b\; ,uhZtj; jsq;fs; mfw;wg; gl; l d. 1938,y; njw; F mah; y he; J vd; W k; Ihp\; Rje; j pu ehL vd; W k; miof;fg;gl;l gFjp mah;yhe;J vd;W ngah; khw; w k; nra; a g; g l; l J. ,d; W mah;yhe;Jf; FbauR I.eh> INuhg;gpa xd;wpak; Mfpatw;wpy; cWg;Ghpik ngw;w nropg;ghd jdp ehlhf ,lk;ngWfpwJ. Vwj;jho Kg;gJ tUlfhyk; ePbj;j vhpj;jphpa tpLjiyg;Nghh; Nkw;F ehLfs; cUthf;fpa Raeph;zaf; Nfhl;ghl;ilj; jkJ ,uhZt Nfe;jpu eyDf;F Vw;w thW mNj Nkw;F ehLfs; kPwpajhy; Vw; gl;lJ. INuhg;gpa ehLfspd; fhydpj; Jt Ml;rpf;Fl;gl;l Mrpa - Mgphpf;f ehL fSf;F Ra eph;zaf; Nfhl;ghL mbg;gil apy; tpLjiy epthuzk; cz; L vd; w tpjpKiw vhpj;jphpa kf;fSf;F kWf;fg; gl;lJ. Nghh; vd;gJ murpaypd; ePl;rp vd;w thf;fpaj;jpw;F cjhuzkhf vhpj;jphp ahtpd; tpLjiyg; N ghh; mikfpd; w J. ,j;jhypapd; fhydpj;Jt Ml;rpapd; fPo; 1889 njhlf; f k; 1941tiu vhpj; j phpah fple;jgpd; 1941 njhlf;fk; 1952tiuapy; gphpl;b\; Ml;rpapd; fPo; te;jJ. ,uz;lhk; cyfg;Nghhpy; Njhy;tp mile;j ,j;jhyp ntw;wpngw;w ehLfSld; nra;j cld;g bf;ifapd; mbg;gilapy; jdJ fhydpj; Jt ehLfSf;F tpLjiy toq;fr; rk; kjk; njhptpj; j J. ypgpah> Nrhkhypah Mfpait ,jd; g b tpLjiyngw; w d. Mdhy; vhpj;jphpahTf;F tpLjiy toq; fg;gltpy;iy. khwhf mJ vjpNahg;gpah tpd; gpw;Nghf;F kd;dh; nfapy; nryhh;rp apd; (HAILE SELASSIE) Ml;rpf;F toq;fg; gl;lJ. vhpj;jphpahtpd; Mapuk; iky; ePs khd fpof;F vy;iy nrq;fly; Xukhf ,Ue; j J. mnkhpf; f htpd; ,uhZtj; Njitf;Fk; Gtpapay; murpay; eyDf; Fk; nrq; f ly; fiuNahuk; mjw; F j; Njitg;gl;lJ. mj;NjhL vhpj;jphpahtpd; m]; k huh efh; g ; G wj; j py; gphpl; b rhh; mikj;j njhiyj; njhlh;G epiyaj;ij jdjhf;f mnkhpf;fh tpUk;gpaJ. ehq;fs; cq;fSf;F vhpj;jphpahitg; ngw;Wj; jU fpNwhk;> ePq;fs; vq;fs; ghtidapy; Nkw; Fwpj;j epiyaj;ij tpl;L tpLq;fs; vd;W vjpNahg;gpahTld; mnkhpf;fh Nguk; Ngrp aJ. vhpj; j phpahitg; gphpj; j hdpahTk; mnkhpf;fhTk; $l;lhf tQ;rpj;jd. ,jd; gpufhuk; vhpj;jphpah> vjpNahg; gpa murhpd; fPOs;s jd;dhl;rpAila gFjpahf mnkhpf;fh xOq;fikj;j I.eh jPh; k hdk; gpufldQ; nra; j J. ed; F tpthpf; f g; g lhj rk\; b Kiwapd; fPo; vhpj; j phpah Ml; r p nra; a g; g Lk; vd; W k; $wg;gl;lJ. Mdhy; ,e;j re;Njfj;jpw; fplkhd rk\;b Ml;rpKiw gw;wpg; Ngrg; gl;l 1952Mk; Mz;bw;Fg; gpd; vhpj;jphpa kf; f spd; jd; d hl; r p chpj; J f; f isg; gwpg;gjpy; kd;dh; nryhrp Ntfkhf <L gl;lhh;. rk\;b Ml;rpKiwia mwpKfk; nra;j I.eh vhpj;jphpa kf;fspd; Kiwg; ghLfis Vw;f kWj;jJ. I.ehtpd; kWg; igr; rhjfkhf Vw; W f; n fhz; l murh; 1962,y; rk\;b Kiwikia mopg;gjh fg; gpufldQ;nra;jhh;. 1961 ,y; njhlq; fpa vhpj;jphpa tpLjiyg; Nghh; 1970 ms tpy; gue;Jgl;l kf;fs; Nghuhf tsh;r;rp fz; l J. Nkw; F yfk; jk; i k Vkhw; w p tpl;lij mth;fs; ed;F czh;e;jdh;. nryhrpAk; mth; rhh;e;j Nkw;FyfKk; vhpj; j phpag; Nghiug; gphptpidg; Nghh; vd;W gpurhuk; nra;jdh;. cz;ik mg;gb ,y;iy. kf;fs; tpUg;gj;jpw;F khwhfg; gpwpNjhh; ehl;Lld; ,izf;fg;gl;l xU ehL jdJ ,oe;j tpLjiyia kPog;ngw elj;Jk; Nghuhfj; jhd; mJ ,Ue;jJ. ,ij Mgphpf;f ehLfs; czh;tjw;Fg; gy tUlk; vLj;jJ. vjpNahg;gpa kd;dh; nfapy; nryhrp apd; Ml; r p ,uhZtg; Gul; r p %yk; 1974,y; KbTf;Ff; nfhz;Ltug;gl;lJ. Nfzy;. nkd;fp];J nfapy; khpak; (COL. MENGISTU HAILE MARIAM) jiyikap yhd ,sk; ,uhZt mjpfhhpfs; Ml;rp iaf; ifg; g w; w pdh; . ,th; f s; nfhkp A+dprr; nraw;jpl;lq;fis eilKiwg; gLj;jj; njhlq;fpdh;. tptrha epyq;fs;> njhopw; r hiyfs; > epjp epWtdq; f s; >

itfhrp - Mdp> 2007

Vw;Wkjp ,wf;Fkjp vd;gtw;iw ,e;j ,uh Zt Ml;rpahsh;fs; Njrpa clikahf; fpdhh;fs;. 1972 - 1974 fhyg;gFjpapy; vjp Nahg;gpahtpy; epytpa kpff; nfhba gQ; rj;jpd; tpisTfis ,e;j eltbf;if fl;Lg;gLj;Jk; vd;W mth;fs; ek;gpdhh; fs;. khwhf cs;ehl;by; Fog;gk; Vw;gl; lJ. ,ijr; rhjfkhfg; gad; g Lj; j pa vhpj;jphpag; Nghuhspfs; vhpj;jphpa kf;fs; tpLjiy Kd;dzp (ERITREAN PEO PLE’S LIBERATION FRONT - EPLF) vd; w mikg;gpd; fPo; xd;W jpuz;L jhf;Fjy; fis jPtpug;gLj;jpdh;. vjpNahg;gpa ,uh Zt Ml;rpahsh;fspd; nfhs;iffSk; nraw;ghLfSk; epjp kw;Wk; MAj cjtp fis toq;fpa mnkhpf;fhTf;F ntWg; G+l;baJ. mnkhpf;fh jdJ cjtpfis epWj;jpa NghJ Nrhtpaj; xd;wpak; ntw; wplj;ij epug;gpaJ. Fz;L tPr;R tpkhdq; fs; cl;glg; gy jug;gl;l etPd MAj js ghlq; f isAk; ,uhZt MNyhrid fisAk; Nrhtpaj; xd;wpak; vjpNahg;gp ahtpw;F kpff;Fiwe;j tpiyapYk; ,y trkhfTk; toq;fpaJ. Mdhy; vjpNahg; gpa ,uhZtj;jhy; vhpj;jphpa tpLjiyg;

Nghuhspfspd; fl; L g; g hLld; $ba fl;likg;G> mDgt mwpTkpf;f fl;lis gPlk;> Jy;yp akhfj; jhf;Fk; rpwg;G Mfpa tw;iwf; nfhz;bUe;jikAk;> ehd;fht jhf NghUf;F kj;jpapy; fy;tp> Rfhjhuk; cs; s lq; f yhd kf; f s; eyd; NgZk; jpl; l q; f is tFj; J eilKiwg; g Lj; jpaik Ak;> Ie;jhtjhf ehk; kf;fNshL kf; f shdth; vd; g ijg; Nghuhspfs; njhlh;r;rpahf ntspg;gLj;jp te;jikAk; ntw;wpapd; fhuzq; fshf mikfpd;wd” (THE ERITREAN STRUGGLE FOR INDEPENDENCE-DOMI NATION, RESISTANCE AND NATIONALISM 1941 - 1993, BY RUTH IYOB, CAMBRIDGE. U.K 1995)

Nghiu klf; f Kbatpy;iy. tpLjiyf;fhf vhpj;jphpa kf;fs; nfhLj; j tpiy kpfg; nghpaJ. xU kf; f s; $l; l k; tpLjiyNa Fwp ahf> ,og; G f; fisg; nghUl; gLj;jhJ Nghuhlj; Jzpe;jhy; ve;j nthU rf; j pah Yk; mth; f is tPo;j;j KbahJ. ,jw;F vhpj;jphpah rpwe;j cjhuzk;. kf;fs; Mju itAk; Nrhtpaj; xd;wpaj;jpd; ek; gpf;ifAk; ,oe;j Nfzy; nkd; fp];Jtpd;

jw; f hy Mgphpf; f htpd; kpf ePz; l fhyk; epytpa MAjg; Nghuhd vhpj;jphpa tpLjiyg; Nghh; gw;wpg; ghh;j;jgpd; njd; dhgphpf; f htpd; nts; i s epw ntwpau rpw;F vjpuhd fWg;gpd kf;fspd; eltbf; ifiaf; fUj;jpy; vLg;Nghk;. njd;dh gphpf;f ehl;bw;Fk; jkpoh;fSf;Fk; neUf;f khd njhlh; G cz; L . jkpoPo kf; f s; elj; J k; tpLjiyg; N ghUf; F mq; F fhj; j pukhd MjuTg; G yk; ,Ug; g jw; F ,Jjhd; fhuzk;. njd;dhgphpf; fhit Ml;rp nra;j nts;is ah; f s; fWg; g pdg; G+h; t f; Fb fis mlf;fpnahLf;fp Ntiy thq;fr; rpukg;gl;ldh;. ,e;jpah tpypUe; J Vioj; n jhopyhsh; fis nts; i sah; f s; mioj; Jr;nrd;wdh;. ,th;fspw; ngUk; ghyhNdhh; jkpoh;fs;. njYq;fh; fSk; > Fauhj; j pfSk; rpW vz; z pf; i fapy; ,Ue; j dh; . ,th; f Sf; F xg; g e; j f; $ ypfs; vd; W ngah; . ,th; f s; Ie; J Mz; L fhyk; nts; i s Kjyhspaplk; Ntiy ghh; f ; f Ntz;Lk;. Ie;jhz;L Kbe;jgpd; tpUk;gpdhy; mNj Kjyhspap lk; Nkw;nfhz;L Ie;JtUl fhyk; njhlh;e;J gzpahw;w yhk; . 21 tUlfhyk; njd; d hgphpf; f htpy; jq;fpapUe;J tf;fpy; njhopiyAk; > ,e; jpa kw; W k; fWg; gpd kf; f spd; chpikfSf; fhfg; Nghuhba fhe;jp mbfs; jkpoh; f NshL neUq; f pg; go fpdh; . fhe; j p elj;jpa Nghuhl; lj; j py; gq; F gw; w pa jkpoh;

,uhZt Ml;rp 1991 Nk khjj;jpy; tPo;r;rp mile;jJ. Fiwe;j tpiyapYk; ,ytr khfTk; toq;fpa jdJ MAj jsghlq; fis Kd;NdwptUk; vhpj;jphpag; Nghuhsp fs; ms;spr; nry;tij Nrhtpaj; xd;wp aj; j hy; nghWj; J f; n fhs; s Kba tpy;iy. ,dp gzk; je;jhy;jhd; vkJ ,uhZt cjtp vd;w epiyf;Fr; Nrhtpaj; xd; w pak; te; j J. 1991 Nk 24Mk; ehs; vjpNahg;gpa ,uhZtj;jpw;F vhpj;jphpa kf;fs; tpLjiy Kd;dzpg; Nghuhspfs; ,Wjpab nfhLj;J ntw;wpthif #bdh;. mjd; gpd; rh;tNjr r%fk; vhpj;jphpa ehl; bd; Njhw;wj;ij mq;fPfhpf;fNtz;ba epiy Njhd;wpaJ. I.eh jiyikapyhd kf; f s; fUj; J f; f zpg; G 1993 Vg; g puypy; elj;jg;gl;l gpd; vhpj;jphpah ehL rl;lG+h; tkhf cjakhfpaJ. “,uhZt ntw;wp fSld; kf;fspd; gq;fspg;G ,ize;J ehl; b d; Njhw; w j; j pw; F ,lkspj; j J” vd; w Ma; t hsh; NkYk; $Wfpd; w hh; . “Kjyhtjhf caph;> nghUs; midj;ij Ak; ghhpa mstpy; ,oe; j epiyapYk; me;j kf;fs; jkJ tpLjiy mikg;gpw;F MjuT mspj;jikAk;> ,uz;lhtjhf tpLjiy mikg;G ntspg;gLj;jpa jhf; Fg;gpbf;Fk; tY> gil elj;Jk; jpwd;> MAjq;fisf; ifahSk; jpwik> vjphp apd; jiu mikT gw; w pa Ez; z wpT vd; g dTk; > %d; w htjhf vhpj; j phpag;

fspy; gyh; rpiwapy; caph; ePj;Js;sdh;. mth; f spy; xUth; 17 tajpduhd jpy;iyahb ts;spak;ik. ,th; rpiwapy; fLk; rpj;jputijf;F cs;shfp tpLjiy ahd rpy ehl;fspy; caph;ePj;jhh;. rj;jpa Nrhjid vd; w fhe; j pabfspd; jd; tuyhw;W E}ypy; “ts;spak;ikapd; cly; kiwe;jhYk; mth; ngah; vd;nwd;Wk; epiyj;jpUf;Fk;” vd;w Fwpg;G cs;sJ. ts; s pak; i kiag; Nghy; ehfg; g d; > ehuhazrhkp Mfpa jkpo; ,isQh;fSk; njd; d hgphpf; f tuyhw; w py; ,lk; g pbj; Js;sdh;. fhe;jpabfs; “,e;jpad; xg;gPdpad;” vd;w Mq;fpyg; gj;jphpifia mq;fpUe;j NghJ elhj;jpdhh;. jkpoh;fSf;fhf ,g; gj; j phpifapd; jkpo; gjpg; i gAk; mth; ntspapl;lhh;. jkpo; njhopyhsh;fSld; ciuahLtjw; f hf mth; ,ad; w sT jkpo; nkhopiaf; fw;whh;. njd;dhgphpf;fh tpy; jkpoh;fs; gw;wpf; fhe;jp> “Nghuhl;lj; jpd; fLikiaj; jhq;fpath;fs; jkpoh; fNs. caph;j;jpahfk; nra;jth;fspy; kpf mjpfkhdth;fs; jkpoh;fs;. filrptiu Nghuhbath;fSk;> filrpahfr; rpiwap ypUe;J ntspte;jth;fSk; jkpoh;fNs” vd;W $wpAs;shh;. (xU jkpod; ghh;it apy; ,Ugjhk; E}w; w hz; L > vOjpath; I.rz; K fehjd; > G+k; G fhh; gjpg; g fk; nrd;id. 2003. gf;fq;fs; 93-94) fWg;

gpdj;jth;fspd; ,d tpLjiyg; NghUf;F mbnaLj; J f; n fhLj; j th; f s; ,e; j pah; fNs. ,ij %j;j fWg;gpd tpLjiy tPuh;fs; kwf;ftpy;iy. <oj;jkpoh;fspd; tpLjiy Kd; n dLg; g py; ney; r d; kz;Nlyh cs;spl;l ngUe;jiyth;fs; mf;fiw fhl;Lfpd;whh;fs;. jkpoPo tpLjiyg; G ypfspd; ew; ngaUf;Ff; fsq;fk; Vw;gLj;Jtjw;fhfr; nrd;w khjk; ,U Nfhlhpf; fhk;Gfis kfpe; j uh[gf; r muR njd; d hgphpf; f h mDg;gpaJ. mikr;rh; lf;fps]; Njth de;jhTk;> ehNlhb Mde;j rq;fhpAk; gy Nfhg;Gf;fs;> mwpf;iffs; Nghd;wtw;iw njd;dhgphpf;fh vLj;Jr;nrd;wdh;. ,th; fNshL Ngrpa xU %j;j fWg;gpdj; jiy th; Kfj;jpy; miwe;jhw;Nghy; ,UtUf; Fk; gpd; t UkhW $wpdhh; . “ehq; f s; nts; i s epwntwp muRld; Nghuhba fhyj;jpy; rpy fWg;gh;fs; nts;isah; fspd; iff; $ypfshfr; nraw;gl;ldh;. ehL ehlhfr; nrd; W vkf; F vjpuhfg; gpurhuk; nra;jdh;. mth;fs; iffspYk; Nfhg;Gf; fSk; mwpf;iffSk; ,Ue;jd” kdpj ehfhPf tuyhw; w py; kpfTk; mehfhPf Ml;rpKiwahff; fUjg;gLk; mg; g hj; i jw; (APARTHEID) vd; w ,d xJf;fy; Kiwik njd;dhgphpf;fh vd;w ehL njhlq;fpa 1910Mk; Mz;L njhlf; fk; 1994,y; fWg; g h; f s; jiyikapy; kf;fs; Ml;rp Vw;gLk; tiu epytpaJ. mg; ghj;ijw; MAl;fhyk; Vwj;jho 84 tUlq; fs; vd; W fzpg; g plg; g Lfpd; w J. ,e; j Ml;rp Kiwapd; mbj;jskhf nts;is ah;fs; epiwNtw;wpa 1913,d; epyThpikr; rl;lk; (THE LAND ACT OF 1913) mikfpd; wJ. ,jd; %yk; fWg;gh;fs; jhk; gpwe;j ehl;bNyNa 87tPjkhd epyj;ij ,oe;j dh; . njd; d hgphpf; f htpd; tskhd kz;iz ,r; rl;lk; nts;isah; clik ahf;fpaJ. 1923Mk; Mz;by; nts;isah; fs; cUthf;fpa efh;g;Gwr; rl;lk; (THE URBAN ACT OF 1923) fWg;gpd kf;fisr; Rfhjhu trjpfs; mw;w Nrhptho;tpw;Fj; js; s paJ. 1936,y; epiwNtw; w g; g l; l RNjrpfs; gpujpepjpj; J tr; rl; l k; (THE REPRESENTATION OF NATIVES ACT OF 1936)

fWg;gh;fspd; thf;Fhpikiag; gwpj;jJ. 1913Mk; Mz;bd; epyThpikr;rl;lk; ghu J}ukhd tpisTfis Vw;gLj;jpaJ. 87 tPjkhd epyk; 3kpy;ypad; nts;isah; fSf;Fr; nrhe;jkhf;fg;gl;lJ. vQ;rpa 13tPjkhd epyk; 8kpy;ypad; fWg;gh;fspd; tho;tplkhf mDkjpf;fg;gl;lJ. 1950,y; epiwNtw;wg;gl;l ,U ntt; NtW rl; l q; f s; ,d xJf; f y; nfhs; ifia epWtdkag; g Lj; j paJ. Kjyh tJ kf;fspd; gjpTr;rl;lk; (POPULATION REGISTRATION ACT) ,r; rl; l g; g b Njhypd; epw mbg;gilapy; midtUk; ntt; N twhfg; gjpT nra; a g; g l; l dh; . ,uz; l htJ FOk tho; t plr; r l; l k; (GROUP AREAS ACT) fWg;gh;fSk; ,e;jpah; fSk; mth;fSf;nfd xJf;fg;gl;l gFjp apy; khj;jpuk; tho KbAk;. mNj gFjp nts; i sah; f Sf; F j; Njitg; g l; l hy; mq;F tho;Nthiu nghyp]; kw;Wk; ,uh Zt cjtpNahL mg;Gwg;gLj;j ,r; rl; lk; tif nra;fpd;wJ. ,g;gbahfr; rl;lj; jpd; %yk; kpfg; g yk; tha; e ; j etPd nghyp]; kw; W k; ,uhZt cjtpNahL ,d xJf;fy; Ml;rp eilKiwapy; ,Ue; jJ. kPWNthiuj; jz;bf;f kpff;nfhba fpUkpdy; rl;lq;fs; cUthf;fg;gl;ld. ,jd; fPo; fWg;gh;fspd; ngUe;jiyth; ney; r d; kz; N lyh 27 tUlk; 6khjk; rpiwapy; milgl; l hh; . tpLjiyahd NghJ mtUf;F taJ 71. khh;r; 21> 1960 ,y; fWg;gh;fs; NghuhlNtz;ba epiyf; Fj; js;sg;gl;ldh;. md;W nts;isg; nghyp]; 69 mg; g htpf; fWg; g h; f isr; Rl;Lf;nfhd;wJ. ,J rhh;g; tpy; rk;gtk; (SHARPEVILLE INCIDENT) vd;W Fwpg;gplg; gLfpd;wJ. kf;fs; vjph;g;G ntspg;gil ahf ele;jJ. 1960 ,w;Fg; gpd; cyfehL fs; nts;is murpw;F vjpuhfg; nghUsh jhuj; jiliag; gbg;gbahff; nfhz;L te;jd. 1976,d; nrhntw;Nwh (SOWETO) khzth; gLnfhiy nts;is murpd; KbTf; F f; fl; b ak; $wpaJ. fWg; g h; fspd; MAjg;Nghuhl;lk; jPtpukile;j NjhL> nghUshjhuj; jilfSk; tYg; ngw; w d. ,d xJf; f y; nfhs; i fia epWj; j pa nts; i sah; f s; ngUk; g hd; ikf; fWg;gh;fsplk; Ml;rpia 1994,y; xg;gilj;jdh;.

09


efuKbahjjhy;> cl;GFe;j Gyp mzpfs; xd;iw xd;W re;jpf;f Kbahky; jdpj; jdpahfr; rz;ilapl;Lf; nfhz;bUe;jd. xt;nthU mzpapYkpUe;j xt;nthU NghuhspAk; rpwpyq;fhg; gilapdhpd; gygf;fj; jhf;Fjy;fis vjph;nfhs;s Ntz;bapUe;jJ. fiuNahukhfg; Nghd nyg;.Nfzy; fiytpopapd; mzp kpf Ntfkhf> rpwpyq;fhg; gilapdhpd; ,uz;lhk;

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kiykfs; fple;j rpq;fsg; gilapduplkpUe;J Njitahd uitfis vLj;Jf;nfhz;bUe;jhh;. Nkyjpfkhd RLFoy; xd;iwf;$l rpq;fsg; gilapdhpd; RLfydpypUe;J fow;wpitj;jpUe;jhh;. %d;W ehl;fs; njhlh;e;j jPr;Rthiy Kwpabg;Gr; rkhpy; Nkyjpf uitf;$l;L mzpiaAk; fow;whky; fisg;ig ntd;W fskhba ,irepyhTf;F ,g;NghJ mjdpYk; nghpa RLfyd; xd;iwtpl;L te;jJ. neQ;irr; Rl;Lf;nfhz;bUe;jJ.

jpirnay;yhk; rpwpyq;fhg; gilapdNu njd;gl;ldh;. fhg;guz;fs;> FWf;F mfopfs;> mq;Nf> ,q;Nf vd;W rpwpyq;fhg; gilapdiuj; jhd; fz;l ,lq;fspd; Ms;$Wfisf; fzpg;gpl;L> vwpfiznrYj;Jk; mzpf;F mwptpj;Jf;nfhz;bUe;jhh;. rpq;fsg; gilapdhpd; jiyfspy; ,bahf vwpfizfs; tpOe;J ntbj;Jf;nfhz;bUe;jd. vdpDk; kiof;Fr; rw;WKd;dh; Gw;wpypUe;J GWg;gl;LtUk; <ry;fs; Nghy gilapdh; te;Jnfhz;bUe;jdh;. mq;Nf> ,q;Nf vd;W vwpfizfis

eltbf;ifapd; NghJ fpspnehr;rpf; fsKidapNy nyg;.Nfzy; nry;tp vLj;j mNj KbT. ,g;NghJ vtUk; nrhy;yhkNy ,irepyh vL;j;jhh;. guk;giu njhlh;fpd;wJ. sss rz;il kpff; fLikahf ele;Jnfhz;bUe;jJ. fiuNahukhfr; rpwpyq;fhg; gilapdhpd; ,uz;lhk; epiuf; fhg;guz;fs; mUNf fiytpop epd;whh;. fhakile;j Nghuhspfis clDf;FlNdNa gpd;duq;fpw;Fg; NghFkhW mDg;gpf;nfhz;bUe;jhh;. neUf;fbahd me;jf; fsj;jpy; fhTk; FOtpdh; te;J fhaf;fhuiu mfw;w tha;gpy;iy. ,aYkhd fhaf; fhuh;fs;> tPo;e;jpUe;j Njhopahpd; tpj;Jly;fisr; Rke;JNghdhh;fs;. fiytpopNahL $lNt efh;e;j fg;ld; vopy;epjpf;F fhak; Vw;gl;lJ. kWgb kWgb fhak; Vw;gl;ljhy; mtuhy; elf;fKba tpy;iy. ele;Jtuf;$ba vy;NyhiuANk fiytpop mDg;gptpl;bUe;jhh;. fsj;ijtpl;Lf; fiytpopiaAk; ntspNa

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10

epiuf; fhg;guz;fis mz;kpj;Jtpl;bUe;jJ. vdpDk; fLikahd me;jr; rz;ilapy; gyh; fhakila Nehpl;lJ. fhakile;jth;fs; jhkhf efh;e;J ntspNaWtjw; fpilapy; kWgb kWgb vjph;j; jhf;Fjy;fisr; re;jpj;jdh;. ,ayhj fhaj;Jld; jdJ RLfyidNa epidj;jgb “vLj;Jf;nfhz;L th> vLj;Jf;nfhz;L th” vd;W Nghh;f;fsj;ijtpl;L ntspNawpa gpd;Gk; ,irepyh fj;jpf;nfhz;bUe;jhh;. vLj;Jtuf;$ba epiyapy; fsj;jpy; vtUkpy;iy. ,Nj Kd;duq;fpy; ,jw;F Kd;dUk;

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fhaj;NjhLk; kdNjhLk; Nghuhba ,irepyh 2006.08.16 md;W kUj;Jtkidapy; tpop%bg;Nghdhh;. sss nyg;.Nfzy; fiytpop Nghd fiuNahug; ghijtopNa nyg;.jkpo;r;Rlh; jdJ ce;Jfiz nrYj;jpAld; NghapUe;jhh;. Njitahd ,lq;fspy; vjphpf; fhg;guz;fisj; jhf;fp

tpOj;jpf;nfhz;bUe;jtiur; #o ,g;NghJ gilapdh;jhd; epd;wdh;. jhd; epw;Fkplj;ijf; Fwpg;gpl;l ,irepyh epiyikia tpsf;fp> jd;idg; ghh;f;fhky; jhd; epw;Fkplj;Jf;F vwpfizfis tPRkhW Nfl;lhh;. Xahj miyfs; - 02

tUkhW fl;lisikak; gzpj;jJ. fhaj;Jld; fple;j vopy;epjpiaj; J}f;fpf;nfhz;L jhd; tUtjhff; $wpa fiytpop jd;NdhL epd;wth;fisAk; mDg;gptpl;bUe;jhh;. rpq;fsg; gilapdhpd; fLk; jhf;Fjy; kj;jpapy; vopy;epjpia kPl;Ltu Kad;w fiytpop tuNtapy;iy. Xahj miyfs; - 03 eltbf;ifapy; gue;jd; fsKidapy; #dpag; gFjpf;Fs; tPo;e;Jfple;j Nk[h; khJhpapd; tpj;Jliy vLf;fhky; tukhl;Nld; vd;W Ngha;> tpj;Jlyhf te;j nyg;.Nfzy; ikjpypiag; NghyNt fiytpopAk;.

itfhrp - Mdp> 2007


vt;tsT f];ug;gl;L gapw;rp vLj;Jk; $l ,Jtiu eltbf;iff;Fr; nry;y re;jh;g;gk; fpilf;fhjgbahy; nrq;fjph; mOJnfhz;Nl ,Ue;jhs;. mts; kl;L ky;y vy;NyhUNk. MI.17 cyq;F thD}h;jp kPjhd jhf;FjYf;Fr; nrd;wgbahy; vkf;Fk; ,Jtiu re;jh;g;gk; toq;fg;gltpy;iy. 25.01.1998 fhiy kyh;tjw;F Kd; vq;fs; cs;sq;fs; jhd; kyh;e;J kfpo;e;J nfhz;ld. Mk; FKjd; mz;zhtpd; jiyikapy; kPz;Lk; njupTnra;ag;gl;Nlhk;. mjpy; nrq;fjpUk; xUj;jpaha;........ toikNghy; gapw;rpfs; Muk;gkhfpd> ngUq;flypy;> rpWq;flypy;> Nrw;W epyj;jpy;> kzy;gpuNjrj;jpy;> fhl;by;> ntl;ilntspapy;> fl;llj;jpy;> jilfspy; vd ghuk; J}f;fpagbahd gapw;rpfs; ,uT gfyha; Xa;T cwf;fkpd;wp cz;gjw;Nf Neuk; ,d;wp fLikahf eilngw;Wf; nfhz;bUe;jJ. vYk;Gk; NjhYkha; vk; cUtq;fs; ,Ue;jd. nrk;gfj;jpd; fz;fs; Nghy; vk; fz;fs; rpte;J fple;jd> vdpDk; gapw;rp njhlh;e;jJ. ,g;gbj;jhd; vjpupapd; ,yf;F kPJ rhf Ntz;Lk; vd;gjw;fha; ,th;fs; gapw;rpapy; $l jk;ikr; rhfbj;Jf; nfhz;bUe;jhh;fs;. sss vkJ MAjq;fSk; ntbkUe;JfSk;> ePh;f;fhg; gplg;gl;Lj; jahh;gLj;jy;fNshL vQ;rp epd;w Njhop fsplKk;> gapw;rp Mrpupah;fs;> mq;fpUe;j Kfhk; NghuhspfsplKk; tpil ngw;Nwhk;. sss vkf;fhd efh;Tg; ghijfisAk; jhf;Fjy; tpA+fj;jpidAk; jhf;FjYf;fhd KbTfisAk; jsgjp njspT gLj;jpdhh;. ,uT czit khiyNa cz;L> glq;fs; vLj;J mth;fs; tpopfrpe;J epw;f ehk; ifairj;J kPz;Lk; tpil ngw;Nwhk;. rpyUf;F mJNt ,Wjp tpilngwyhfTk; ,Ue;jJ. sss 30.01.1998 khiy 6.45f;F gw;iwfs;> mUtpfs;fle;J> ntspfs; ntl;ilfs; jhz;b> ePNuupf;fiuia mile;Njhk;. ,uhZt Kd;dzpf; fhty; epiyapy; ‘uPg;’ iyw;wpd; xspr; rpjwy;fs; nky;ypa ePuiyapy; gl;Lj; njwpj;J neQ;irf; nfhs;is nfhs;Sk; th;z[hykha; mJ fhl;rp aspj;jJ. Mdhy; mJNt kdJf;Fs; xU MNtrf; fziyAk; %l;bf;nfhz;bUe;jJ. vk;kf;fs; jq;f ,lkpd;wp mfjpaha; njUntq;Fk; Fg;gp tpsf;Nf ,d;wp miye;J jpupifapy; ,tNdh vkJ kz;zpy; jpUtpoh eilngWk; Nfhapy;fs; Nghyy;yth? ,Uf; fpd;whd;. ePNuupahy; efh;e;Njhk;. ghug;igfis mizj;jgb rpy ,lq;fspy; khh;gsT ePUk;> rpy ,lq;fspy; fhy; msT ePUkhfNt ,Ue;jJ. ,tw;Wf;F Vw;why;Nghy; vk;ik vkJ cUit kiwj;j gb efuNtz;b ,Ue;jJ. vkJ mzpf;F Kd;ghf Mrh mf;fhtpd; mzp ,af;fr;rpg; gFjpapy; ,Ue;j Ml;ywpfis jfh;g;gjw;fhfr; nrd;W nfhz;bUe;jJ. sss Kd;dzpf; fhty; epiyapd; fk;gp Nwhy;j; jiliaj;jhz;b> fhg;guidAk; kiwg;G NtypiaAk; jhz;b kPz;Lk; ,uhZt tyaj;jpd; cs;NsNa fly; ePNuupahy; ele;J nfhz;bUe;Njhk;. Xuplj;jpy; jiuapy; ePh; tbAk; tiuAk; epd;Nwhk;. mg;NghJ kq;if mf;fh vd;dplk; mwpTf; Fkuz;z ehq;fs; tNuf;f “nghapd;wpy;” ,Ue;J Nlhr; mbj;Jg; ghh;j;jhNd mjhNy VJk; gpur;rpid tuhNjh vdf; Nfl;lhh;. rhjhuz Nghuhspahd vd;dplk; mth; Nfl;ljw;F ehd; NtTf;fhuh; nrhd;dgbNa mtd; ,g;gbj;jhd; neLfTk; mbg;ghd;. Mdhy; gaj;jpy xz;LNk nra;akhl;lhd; vd;W nrhd;dijNa nrhd;Ndd;. gpd; ntspfs; ClhfTk; kzw;ghq;fhd

itfhrp - Mdp> 2007

jiuj;Njhw;wj;jpd; ClhfTk; jlak; ,d;wp efh;e;J tPjp xd;iwf; fle;J Xuplj;jpy; jq;fp> clNd vkJ ePh;f;fhg;gplg;gl;l MAj ntbnghUl;fis ntspapy; vLj;J vk;ik jahh; nra;J nfhz;Nlhk;. gpd; jlag; nghUl;fisAk;> eide;j cilfisAk; kiwj;Jf; nfhz;L ,uT 12.40 f;F J}q;fpNdhk;. gpd; mjpfhiy 4.10f;F vOe;J mjpf Kl;gw;iwfs; epiwe;j ,Wry; fhl;Lf;Fs; Eioe;J Kf;Nfhz epiy vLj;Jj; j}q;fpNdhk;. sss fUk;Gyp fg;ld; FkNu]; vg;NghJk; gk;gy; mbj;j gb vy;NyhUila go upd;idAk; ntl;b ntl;br; rhg;gpl;Lf;nfhz;Nl ,Ue;jhd;. fUk;Gyp fg;ld; nrq;fjph; Mir jPUk; kl;Lk; epj;jpiu nfhz;ljhy; mtspd; fz;fs; jtisapd; fz;Nghy tPq;fpf; fple;jJ. md;W jhd; vy;NyhUf;FNk ey;y Xa;T fpilj;jJ. Mir jPUk; kl;Lk; epj;jpiu nfhz;lhr;R ,dpr; nrj;jhYk; guthapy;iy vd;W nrhd;dNghJ mtspd; nky;ypa cjLfs; cjph;j;j me;j Gd;rpupg;ig vg;gbj;jhd; kwf;f KbAk;. fUk;Gyp Nk[h; FKjd; mz;zh mbf;fb mUfpy; ,Ue;j kuj;jpy; Vwp vkJ ,yf;F mike;jpUf;Fk; me;j MidapwTj; jsj;ijNa ghh;j;Jf;nfhz;bUe;jhh;. sss fUk;Gyp fg;ld; nrq;fjph; ehk; Nfl;fhkNy (FKjd;> FkNu];> ehd;) nrhy;ypf;nfhz;bUe;jhs;. ehd; xd;gJ tajpy vd;w Mir mz;zhitf; fz;lhg;gpwF fhzNt ,y;iy vd;wNghJ mtspd; fz;fs; fz;zPuhy; epuk;gp ,Ue;jd. ,af;fj;Jf;F te;jhg;gpwF “mk;kh mg;ghitf; $lf; fhNzy;y” mJ jhd; vdf;Ff; ftiy. kw;Wk;gb ,e;j kz;Zf;fhf vd;idj; jpahfk; nra;tjpy; vdf;F ngUk; kfpo;Tjhd;. ,ij ehq;fSk; ngUk; Ntjid NahLjhd; Nfl;Lf; nfhz;bUe;Njhk;. ,Uth; ePh; vLf;fr; nrd;wNghJ ,uhZtj;jpdh; Ntl;ilf;Fg; Ngha;f; nfhz;bUe; jhh;fshk;. ey;yNtis mtd; ,th;fisf; fhztpy;iy. Mrh mf;fhtpd; uPk; vk;kpy; ,Ue;J 75 kPw;wupy; jhd; jq;fp ,Ue;jJ. kjpa czit vy;NyhUk; cz;Nlhk;. jlag; nghUl;fis ghug; igapDs; jpzpj;J ehDk; RNgrd; mz;zhTk; FkNuRk;> ,d;Dk; Xh; NghuhspAk; Kw; gw;iwfspd; Clhf ,Oj;Jr; nrd;W Xuplj;jpy; kiwj;J itj;Jf; nfhz;bUf;Fk; NghJ jhd; me;j ntbr;rj;jk; vq;fis jq;fpapUe;j ,lj;Jf;F Ntfkhf Xlitj; jJ - XbNdhk;. mq;F Ngha;g; ghh;j;jNghJ Nghuhsp xUtupd; “[f;fl;” jtWjyhf ntbj;J ,Ue;jJ. Kw;gw;iwfSk; kuf;fpisfSk; Jfohfpf; fple;jJ. ey;yNtisahf ahUf;Fk; ve;jf; fhaKk; Vw;gl tpy;iy. ntbf;Fk; NghJ Neuk; 4.40 ,Uf;Fk;. gpd;dh; clNdNa vkJ epiyfis khw;wp efu Muk;gpj;Njhk;. mJ kpfTk; ,Wryhd Kw;gw;iwfs; epiwe;j fhlhd gbahy; efUtJ kpfTk; fbdkhdjhfNt ,Ue;jJ. efUk; jpir khwp mijj; jtw tpl;lgbahy; rq;fj;jhh; taypd; mUfpy; ,Ue;j Kfhik mile;J tpl;Nlhk;. mq;fpUe;J nkapd; KfhKf; ‘nuypNghd;’ iyd; nry;Yk; ghijapidj; njhlh;e;J efh;e;J Xuplj;jpy; ePh; Fbj;Jf;nfhz;bUe;jNghJ. sss fUk;Gyp Nk[h; Mrh mf;fhtpd; FOTk; mt;tplj;Jf;Nf te;J Nrh;e;jJ. vy;NyhUk; vy;NyhuplKk; tpilngw Kd;dh;. fUk;Gyp fg;ld; cikahs; vd;dplk; mz;zh kpy;yh; mz;zhl;l vd;dj;jpy Nghwpq;fs; vdf; Nfl;ljw;F ehNdh fpgpupy jhd; Nghf Ntz;Lk; vd;W nrhd;Ndd; Mdhy; mtNsh mijtplTk; Ntfkha; NghNa tpl;lhs;. vy;NyhUNk fl;lhahk; jpUk;gp thq;Nfh> fhag;gl;lhy; vy;yhk; ‘rhr;’ ,Oj;Jg; Nghlh NjAq;Nfh - vd mjpAah; ghrj; jpd; ntspg;ghlha;r;

fUk;Gyp Nk[h; mwpTf;Fkudpd; Fwpg;Ngl;L thpfspit. gy fUk;Gyp eltbf;iffspy; gq; F nfhz; L mtw; i wf; fUk; N tq; i f vd; w ngahpy; ituthpfshf; f pa Nk[h; mwpTf;Fkud; 11.04.2000 md;W jpUNfhz kiyf; flw; g ug; g py; flw; g ilAldhd Nkhjypd; NghJ tPur;rhtile;jhh;. nrhy;ypf;nfhz;Nl ,Ue; jhh;fs;. fUk;Gyp Nk[h; kq;ifaf;fh ,yf;if mopr;rh fl;lhak; jpUk;gp tUNtd tUNtd; vd;W nrhy;ypg; Nghl;Lg; Nghdt jhd;. gpd;dh; mth tutpy;iyNa vd mwpe;jNghJ ,yf;F mopf;fg;gltpy;iy vd;gijj; njupe;J nfhz;Nlhk;. ,g;gbj;jhd; vy;NyhUNk vy;NyhuplKk; kdkpd;wp tpilngw;Nwhk;. sss 31.01.1998 ,uT 7.50 jq;fpj;jq;fp> nky;y nky;y mtjhdpj;jgb L.P fhudpd; fz;zpy; glhky; efh;e;J nfhz;bUe;Njhk;. Xuplj;jpy; jq;fp go upd; rhg;gpl;lNghJ FKjd; mz;zh Vrpagbahy; FkNu]; Ntz;lhk; vd;Nw ,Ue;jhd; gpd;dh; nkJ thf vdf;F tapW Vyhkf; fplf;F Mkpf;fhk;gpy Nrhlh Fbr;rhj;jhd; ruptUk; vd;W nrhy;yp Kbj;jhd;. fz;btPjpia flg;gjw;fha; mjpy; ,Uf;Fk; fhty; epiyapy; vjpupapd; elkhl;lj;ij mtjhdpg;gjw;fha; tPjpapy; ,Ue;J 30 kPw;wupy; jq;fpapUe;Njhk;. vk;khy; mjpy; ,Uf;fKbatpy;iy. vjpupapd; kyehw;wk; %f;ifj;Jisapl ckpo; ePh; thia Kl;bapUe;jJ. Jg;gpdhy; vjpupf;F Nfl;LtpLk; vd;gjhy; Jg;ghkNy ,Uf;f Ntz;bapUe;jJ. gpd; fz;b tPjpia vjpupapd; fhty; muDf;F mUfpdhNyNa guty; tupirapy; efh;e;J fle;J. Kw;gw;iwfs;> ntspfs; ePh; epiyfs;> Nrw;W epyq;fs; jhz;b vjpupapd; “rhr;rh; iyw;wpd;” ghh;itapy; vk;ik mbf;fb kiwj;Jk; efh;e;J Gifapuj tPjpiaAk; fle;J efh;e;J nfhz;bUe;Njhk;. fhty; muz;fs;> mLj;Js;s gapw;rp ikjhdk;> kz; miz> ntl;il ntspfs; jhz;b ,Wjpaha; jq;Fkplj;jpy; 12.30 kzptiu jq;fpNdhk;. fUk;Gyp Nk[h; FKjd; mz;zh vy;NyhUf;Fk; FSf;Nfh]; je;jhh;. fUk;Gyp nyg; . Nfzy; RNgrd; mz;zh jhd; Fbj;j kPjp ePiu vdf;F ,Wjpaha; je;jhh;. jz;zPh;f; fhd;fis mjpNyNa Nghl;L tpl;L efh;e;Njhk;. mJ ghy;Nghd;w epyT ntl;il. ve;j ,Ul;bYk; thdtpspk;G njupAk; . mijtpl fpshypg; gf;fKk; > thbabg;gf;fKk;> cy;yhr tpLjpg;gf;fKk; vd vg;gf;fKk; vupe;Jnfhz;bUf;Fk; uPg; iyw;wpdJk; “Nghf;f];” iyw;wpdJk; xspfs; ghk;G Ch;e;jNy fhl;bf;nfhLj;JtpLk;. mg;gbahd cg;gs ntl;il mJ> nky;nyd mjD}lhf Ch;e;J Ch;e;Jk; ,Ue;jgbAk; efh;e;J Rkhh; 450 kPw;wh; J}uk; efh;e;jpUe;jpUg;Nghk;. ehk; cs; EioAk; fhty; epiyf;F Kd;dhy; Neh; vjpNu 65 kPw;wupy; epiy vLj;J vk;ikAk;> ntbkUe;JfisAk;> ,Wjpaha; jahh; nra;J nfhz;Nlhk;. sss Xh; NghuhspAk; ehDk; fhg;Gr; #l;Lf;F jahuhFk; NghJ nyg; .Nfzy; RNgrd; mz;zhTk; fz;zh sDk; fk;gpNwhy;j; jiliaj; jfh;g;gjw;fha; NlhgpNlhTld; NghdNghJjhd;. sss thdNtbf;ifiaAk; kpQ;rpajha; Mrh mf;fhf; fs; nrd;w Kfhkpd; gf;fk; ntbajph;Tfs; Nfl;l tz;zNk ,Ue;jJ. mjpy; Nk[h; n[auhzp> fg;ld; cikahs;> fg;ld; jdh> fg;ld; esh> fg;ld; ,e;J> Nk[h; kq;if> Nk[h; Mrh MfpNahh; cly; fiuj;J Njr tpbTf;fha; jk; Njfj;ij cg;gsf;fhw;NwhL fiuj;jdh;. (14Mk; gf;fk; ghh;f;f)

11


fiyaofd; vd epidf;Fk;

NghJ> vd;Wk; khwhj Gd;dif G+j;j KfNk vy;NyhUf;Fk; epidtpw;F tUk;. fs;sk; fglkw;w rphpg;Gk;> vy;NyhUlDk; md;ghf> gz;ghf goFk; jd;ikAk;> midtiuAk; cgrhpf;Fk;

,ay;Gk; mtdJ ,yl;rzq;fs;. Mdhy; mtDf;Fs; ,Ue;j mw;Gjkhd jpwikAk;> Mokhd MSikAk;> gd;Kfj;jd;ikAk; gyUf;Fj; njhpahJ. Foe;ijj;jdkhd Kfj;jpw;F nrhe;jf;fhud; gy;NtW nghWg;Gf;fis Njhspy; Rke;J jphpe;j xU mw;Gjkhd Nghuhsp vd;gJ rpyUf;Fk; kl;Lk; njhpAk;. Muk;gg; gapw;rpia Kbj;Jf;nfhz;l fiyaofd;> 1994Mk; Mz;L Vg;uy; khjk; Njrpaj;jiyth; mth;fshy; Muk;gpf;fg;gl;l Nfzy; fpl;L murwptpay; fy;Yhhp khztdhf ,izj;Jf;nfhs;sg;gl;lhd;. jiyth; mth;fspd; vz;zj;jpw;F Vw;g murwptpaYk;> gilag;gapw;rpAk; ,f;fy;Yhhp khzth;fspw;F khwpkhwp toq;fg;gl;lJ. mf;fy;Yhhpapd; Kjd;ik khzth;fspy; xUtdhf khtPud; fiyaofd; jpfo;e;jhd;. Ngr;rhw;wy;> El;gkhfg; gjpy; nfhLf;Fk; jd;ikapid fy;Yhhpapy; mtd; tsh;j;Jnfhz;lhd;. mq;F mtdJ xOf;fk;> fl;Lg;ghL> kw;wth;fNshL goFk; jd;ik> vy;NyhUf;Fk; cjTk; gz;G> Neh;ik vd;gd mtidj; Jha;ikahd Nghuhspahf ntspr;rk; Nghl;Lf;fhl;baJ. ehd;F tUlq;fspw;F Nkyhf murwptpay; fw;w fiyaofd; Njrpaj;jiyth;; mth;fsJ fUj;JiufspdhYk;> Njrj;jpd; Fuy; md;;ud; ghyrpq;fk; mth;fspd; njhlh; tFg;Gf;fspdhYk; KOikahd Nghuhspahfg; Glk;

Nghlg;gl;lhd;. ,e;jf;fhyg; gFjpapy; nfhkhz;Nlhg; gapw;rpapypUe;J fdufg;gPuq;fpg; gapw;rp tiuf;Fkhd gy;NtW tifahd gilag;gapw;rpfis mtd; ngw;whd;. 1995Mk; Mz;L khjfypy; Muk;gpj;j

fhyk;; nkhopngah;g;G mwptpid ngWtjw;fhd fy;tpiaAk;> ghJfhg;G gapw;rpiaAk; ngw;w fiyaofDf;F Njrpaj;jiyth; mth;fisg;gw;wpa tuyhw;Wg;gjpTfis Mtzkhf;Fk; gzpapy; <LgLk;

mtdJ Nghh; eltbf;iffs; hptpur> rj;n[a> n[arpf;FW>> Xahj miyfs;-03> MidapwTr;rkh; vd ePz;lJ. mz;ika Kfkhiy jhf;Fjy; fsj;jpYk; mtd; gq;Fgw;wpapUe;jhd;. ,f;fy;Yhhpapd; KjyhtJ mzp khzth;fspd; gl;lg;gbg;G epiwtile;j NghJ> kpfr;rpwe;j khzth;fs; rpyhpy; xUtdhf fiyaofd; njhpT nra;ag;gl;L jiyth; mth;fspdhy; rpwg;Gg; ghpRk; \jpwNthh;| vDk; gl;lKk;

re;jh;g;gk; fpilj;jJ. ,t;thpa re;jh;g;gj;ij jdJ tho;ehspy; jdf;F fpilj;j ngUk; NgwhfNt mtd; fUjpapUe;jhd;. fhy Xl;lj;jpy; mtDf;F Ntiyr;Rik mjpfhpj;j NghJk; jiyth; mth;fspd; tuyhw;iw Mtzkhf;Fk; gzpapid jhNd nra;aNtz;Lk; vd;w Mh;tKk; Jbg;Gk; mtDf;fpUe;jJ. jiyth; mth;fsJ Muk;g fhy rk;gtq;fisj; Njb vLj;J njhFg;gjpYk;> jiyth;

toq;fpf; nfsutpf;fg;gl;lhd;. murpay; mwpTk;> gila mwpTk; xUq;Nf ,ize;J jiyth; mth;fs; vjph;ghh;j;j gy;Jiwrhh; Nghuhspahf mtd; ,e;jf; fhyfl;lj;jpy; tsh;e;jpUe;jhd;. fy;Yhupf; fhyq;fspy; gFjp Neukhf fiyaofd; njhiyj;njhlu;ghsdhf nraw;g;gl;lhd;. gpd;G rpwpJ

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itfhrp - Mdp 2007

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,jaj;ij ahNuh rk;kl;bahy; mbj;j mjpu;T. thh;j;ijfspy; tbf;f Kbahj JauKk; typAk;. Ntjidr;rfjpapy; rpf;fpj; jtpf;fpd;w Nrhfk;. Vd; ,t;tsT Ntfkhf vik tpl;Lg;gphpe;jhd; vd;W kdjpy; Mokhd typAld; vOk;Gk; tpdh. fiyapd; ,og;gpd; ngWkjp> ,og;gpd; ,jatyp> mjd; xl;Lnkhj;jg; ghpkhzk; vdf;Nf KOikahfj; njhpe;jpUe;jJ. vd;idNa KOikahfj; jhf;fpapUe;jJ. mtd; mofhdtd;> gz;ghdtd;>goFtjw;F ,dpikahdtd;> fs;sk;fglkw;w nts;isAs;sk; gilj;jtd;. MSiknaLj;J nraw;fhpa gzpfisr; nra;jtd;. Kjy; ehs; capNuhL tyk; te;jtid kWehs; tpijFopapy; tpijj;Jtpl;L te;Njhk;. ,J vt;tsT Jaukhf> nfhLikahf ,Ue;jJ. MdhYk; vt;tsT ,og;GthpDk;> ,lh;thpDk; cWjp jsNuhk;. nyg;. Nfzy; fiyaofdJ jiyth; kPjhd gw;Wk; ghrKk;> tpLjiyNtl;ifAk;> Njrpa czh;Tk; nfhz;l vz;zq;fis neQ;rpdpy; Rke;J mtdJ ,yl;rpaf; fdit edthf;FNthk; vd mtdJ tpijFop kPJ rj;jpak; nra;fpd;Nwhk;.

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13


(11Mk; gf;fj; njhlh;r;rp) sss NlhgpNlhtpd; xspr;rpjwNyhL Nrh;e;J fk;gp NwhYk; NkNy vOe;J nfhz;lJ. clNd ehk; vy;NyhUk; KjyhtJ jilapD}lhfr; nrd;W ,uz; lhtJ jilia fl;lupdhy; ntl;Lk; NghJ> ,lJ gf;f fhty; epiyapy; ,Ue;J te;j vjpupapd; #Lfs; vk;ikf; fhag;gLj;jpf;nfhz;Nl ,Ue;jJ .vdJ gf;ff; fhtyuz; vd;wgbahy; vdJ RPK LMG mr;#l;il Kw;whf ,y;yhJ nra;Jtpl. sss fUk;Gyp Nk[h; FKjd; mz;zhTf;F tyJ if Kw;whf Kwpe;Nj ,Ue;jJ. mtupd; njhiyj;njhlh;G rhjdk; nehWq;fp tpl;lJ. fUk;Gyp fg;ld; FkNurpw;F tyJ fhy; Kw;whf cile;j epiyapy; jilAf; Fs;NsNa fple;jhd;. fUk;Gyp fg;ld; nrq;fjpUf;F ,lJ ifapYk; tyJ ghjj;jpYk; fhak;. NkYk; Ie;J NgUf;F rpwpa fhaq;fs;. vdf;F tyJ fhy; %l;bYk; ,lJ fhypd; Kd;gFjpapYk; uitfs; Jisj;J FUjp nfhg;gspj;Jf; nfhz;bUe;jJ. “vy;NyhUk; ,jhy thq;Nfh” vd;w FKjd; mz;zhtpd; FuNyhL mtNuhL vy;NyhUNk kpf Ntfkha; cs; Eioe;J nfhz;bUe;Njhk;. fhaj;jpd; Ntjidfs; xd;WNk vkf;Fj; njupaNt ,y;iy.

sss Ml;ywp epiyg;gLj;Jk; gFjp ntWikaha; fple;jJ. vq;fs; cs;sj;jpYk; xU tpj ntWik Fbnfhs;s nyg; .Nfzy; RNgrd; mz;zhtpd; 40mm nry;Yk; vdJ ftrj;Jisg;G uitAk; ,lJ Gwj;jhy; khbf;fl;llj;ijAk; jfuf; nfhl;lifia Ak; fpspah; gz;zpf; nfhz;bUf;Fk; NghJ tyJ Gwkha; ,Ue;J te;j #l;bid Nehf;fp Rl;Lf; nfhz;Nl Nghd RNgrd; mz;zupd; njhlh;G kl;Lky;y mtupd; RthrKk; Gypfspd; jhfk; jkpoPoj;jhafk; vd;w jhuf ke;jpuj;NjhL epd;Nw NghdJ. mJtiuAk; Fz;L mb uitab mq;fhy mb ,Q;rhy mb vd;W fl;lisaha; te;j mtupd; Fuy; fzPh; vd;W epd;Nw NghdJ . RNgrd; mz;zhNt! filrpapy; $l mUfpy; epd;W fl;lis gpwg;gpj;J - cq;fs; fl;Lliy ,iwg;gpj;J NghdtNu nghWikapd; ngWkjpaha; vkf;F vd;Wk; topfhl;b epw;gPh; - filrpaha; ePh; je;j jz;zPh; vkf;F vd;Wk; fz;zPuha;....... jpBh; vd ngupa fl;llk; xd;wpy; ,Ue;J te;j rukhupahd #l;by; vdJ ,lJ Nky;Gwf;ifapy; fhakile;j epiyapYk; mf;fl;llj;jpd; #l;bid vdJ RPK LMGapYk; iff;Fz;LfshYk; epWj;Jk; NghJ> (,jpy; VO iff;Fz;Lfisg; ghtpj;Njd;) ,U ez;gh;fs; clNd mt;tplj;Jf;F te;Nj tpl;lhh;fs;. vjpup jdJ KfhKf;Fs;NsNa fj;jpf; fj;jp Xbf;nfhz;Nl ,Ue;jhd;. ,g;NghJ ve;j vjph;g;GNk tutpy;iy. vy;NyhUk; rj;jk; tUk; jpir fis Nehf;fpr; Rl;Lf; nfhz;Nl epd;whh;fs;;. fUk;Gyp Nk[h; FKjd; mz;zh vy;NyhiuAk; “tpf;Nuh” gz;Zk;gb $wpajhf ahNuh nrhd;dNghJ ngupa xU NtjidNahLk;> neQ;R fzf;Fk; NtjidNahL k;> njhiyj;njhlh;G gupth;j;jidiaAk;> fl;lisj; jiyikiaAk; Fog;gp jpfpyila itj;j miuFiw jpUg;jpNahL vy;NyhUk; gpd;thq;fpdhh;fs;. sss ehd; FKjd; mz;zuplk; te;Njd; mth; mjpf FUjp ntspNawpajhYk; khh;gpYk; fhakile;jjhYk; mjpfkhf kaf;fkile;jpUe;jhh;. me;j epiyapYk; “mepahakha;r; rhff;$lhJ vy;NyhUk; NghNthk;” vd;W jd;idAk; nfhz;L NghFk;gb nrhy;y> mtiu mizj;jgb vdJ fhaj;jpd; uz NtjidNahL $l;b te;Njd;. nfhQ;rj;Juj;Jf;F ez;gp xUth; cjtp nra;jhh;. gpd; ntbkUe;Jg; igNahL mthTk; Ngha;tpl Kd;Nd kz; miz> miuFiwaha; ntl;lg;gl;l fk;gpj;jiliaAk; jhz;b tUk;NghJ. sss

14

fUk;Gyp fg;ld; FkNu]; “mwpTf;Fuz;z vd;idAk; nfhz;L Nghq;Nfh fhypy;yhl;bAk; ,baidahtJ nfhz;LNgha; ,bg;gd;” vd;W me;j Kbahj Ntisapy; $l nrhd;dhd;. jhd; jd;id ,of;fpd;w NghJ vjpupiaAk; ,yf;ifAk; mopf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;w jtpg;igg; ghUq;fs;. vd;dhy; vJTNk nra;a Kbahj epiyapy; jtpj;jpUf;f mtd; vJTNk nrhy;ytpy;iy “rhr;ir” kl;Lk; Xd; (ON) gz;zpdhd; . mjNdhL FkNurpd; ,Wjpahd thh;j;ijiaAk;> mtdpd; rpupj;jgb ,Uf;Fk; ,isa Kfj;ijAk;> Vd; mtdpd; me;jf; fl;L cliyf; $l vq;fshy; ,dpf; fhzNt KbahJ vd;gij epidj;jNghJ neQ;rpy; xU ngUk; NtjidAk; ciwe;J NghdJ. FkNu];! jk;gp eP tpilngw;Wg; Ngha; ntF ehs; Mftpy;iy - vdpDk; cilgl;Lg;NghdJ - vq;fs; cs;sk;jhd; - fhy; cilgl;L eP fple;j fhl;rpia ntbNahL eP fiue;j nghOjpid epidf;Fk;NghJ twz;L NghtJ Njfk; kl;Lky;y fz;fSk; jhd; .... sss FKjd; mz;zhitf; nfhz;L te;J nfhz;Nl ,Ue;Njd;. mth; mbf;fb gpbapypUe;J eOtp eOtp jiyiaf; Fj;jpf; Fj;jp tpOe;J nfhz;Nl ,Ue;jhh;. me;j Mizapwtpd; fl;lis ikaj;jpy; ,Ue;J 180 kPw;wupy; jd;dhy; KOikahfNt ,ayhJ Nghf kaf;fkile;j epiyapYk; epjhdkha;. jdJ “rhr;ir” fow;wp jdJ neQ;rpy; itf;Fk;gb $wNt vg;gbNah kdijj; jplg;gLj;jp mijf; fow;wp ON nra;Ak; NghJ mjpy; ,Ue;j ,aq;F epiyj; jil iaf; $wp mJ ,aq;fhJ vdf;$wpaNghJ mth; “vd;dhy ,dp tNuyhJ cq;fl rhr;irf; fow;wp itAq;Nfh” ,ijf; Nfl;lJk; ehd; ciwe;Nj NghNdd;> vd;NdhL ,Ue;jtUf;F vdJ rhr;irNa itg;gjh? vd;dhy; mijg;gw;wp epidf;ff; $l Kb ahky; ,Ue;jJ. mg;gb vz;lhy; ,uz;L NgUNk xa;lhf; fple;J “rhr;” ,Og;gk; vd;W NtjidNahL $wp Kbf;Fk; Kd; “mepahakha; ehq;fs; rhff; $lhJ. nfypr;rz;iliag; Nghy epiwar; nra; jpl;Lj;jhd; tPur;rhtila Ntz;Lk;. ,Q;r ele;j gpur;ridia xz;Lk; tplhky; fl;lhak; Ngha;r;nrhy;Yq;Nfh” vd ,iltplhJ nrhy;ypr; nrhy;ypf; nfhz;lhd;. kPz;Lk; kPz;Lk; mNj NghjidAk;> mNj fl;lisAk; jhd; vd;d nra;tJ ngUk; NtjidNahL vdJ clNyhL ,Ue;j ‘rhr;ir’ fow;wp mth; nrhd;dgbNa neQ;rpy; itj;J xU nghj;jhid On gz;zpagb vQ;rpapUe;j mtupd; ,lJ ifapy; kw;wg; nghj;jhidf; nfhLj;j NghJ. kPz;Lk; Kd;dh; nrhd;d mNj NghjidAk;> fl;l isAk; mjNdhL ,Wjpaha; jk;gp tpkyehjdplk; Rfkhf ,Uf;fr; nrhy;Yq;Nfh nfjpaha; Nghq;Nfh nfjpaha; Nghq;Nfh.... ,J jhd; mth; vd;dplk; kl;Lky;y mth; cjLfs; nrhd;d ,Wjp thh;ijAk;. sss Nthf;fp kl;Lky;y vd; cs;sKk; rpije;J Nghd epiyapy; mtupd; Nthf;fpiaAk;”rhr;rpd;” nghwpj; njhFjpiaAk; vLj;Jf; nfhz;L vdJ ghjq;fs; jhd; efh;e;jd. ehd; efuNt ,y;iy. ,g;NghJk ghJk; mq;F jhd; vd; capNu. 05 kPw;wh; J}uk; nrd;wpUg; Ngd;. vjpup me;j ePz;l ,ilntspapy; jd;id kPz;Lk; jahh;gLj;jpj; jhf;f njhlq;fpdhd;. sss mg;NghJ jpUk;gpg;ghh;j;jgb Ngha;f; nfhz;bUf;f vdJ rhr;rpd; ntbajph;NthL mjd; xspr;rpjwy; fNshL FKjd; mz;zhtpd; clYk; nre;JfohfpaJ. mk;khit tpl ghrkha; vk;ik mutizj;j me;j caph; ez;gid %d;W fsj;jpYk; vkf;F jiyik jhq;fpa me;j tPuid> vdJ tho;ehspNy vd; kdijf; fth;e;j khkdpjiu ehk; ,oe;J NghNdhk;. 05 epkpl Neuf;fzpg;gpy; ,Ue;j FkNurpd; ntbkUe;Jj; njhFjpNahLk; fpspau; nra;a Kd;Df;F te;j vjpupfNshLk; Nrh;e;J FkNurpd; clYk; ngUk; ntspr;rj;NjhL cg;Gf; fhw;wpy; fiue;J fye;J vd; %r;Rf; fhw;NwhL fye;jJ. FKjd; mz;zhNt! vd; mk;khtpy; $l fhzhj cq;fs; mutizg;ig epidf;f tpopfs; fyq;FNj %d;W fsj;jpYk; ePq;fNs jiyik Vw;wPh; -,d;W vk; %r;rpy; $l Rthiy Vw;wpr; nrd;wPNu........ sss ,e;j ,uz;L Njhoh;fspdJk; cly;fs; rpjwpaijg; ghh;j;j vd; cs;sKk; rpjwpaJjhd;. vdpDk; vdJ mg;Nghija epiyia vdJ mg;Nghija czh;it vg;NghJNk vd;dhy; vOj;jpy; tbf;f KbahJ. Vnddpy;. xd;wha; cz;L xd;wha; cwq;fp xd;wha;g; gapw;rp vLj;J. xd;wha;g; gy jhf;Fjy;fSf;Fr; nrd;W> xd;wha; ve;j ,d;gq;fis Ak; Jd;gq;fisAk; gq;F nfhz;L xU $l;Lg; gwit

fsha; ,Ue;j me;jg; ghr cwTfs;> vk; caph;r; nrhe; jq;fs;. vd; fz;Kd;Nd vdJ ‘rhr;’ rhYk; jq;fs; ‘rhr;’ NrhLk; ntbj;J ,UNshL ,Ushfpg; Nghdhh;fs; me;j ,Uk;G kdpjhpd; cs;s czh;it mJ vd;Ds; Vw;gLj;jpa jhf;fj;ij> ve;jf; fUk;Gypfspdhy;; $l thh;j;ijf;Fs; mlf;f KbahJ. fUk;Gypfspd; jpahfNk mg;gbahdJ jhd;. mth;fspd; epiditr; Rke;jgb vd; cs;sj;jpy; xUtpj Gjpa cj;Ntfk; ce;jpj;js;s me;j Midapwtpd; ikaj;jhy; efh;e;J nfhz;bUe;Njd;. sss xU rpwpa gw;iwf;Fs; Kdfy;r; rj;jk; Nfl;fNt mq;F Ngha;g;ghh;j;Njd;. jpifj;Nj NghNdd;. fUk; Gyp fg;ld; nrq;fjph;. mz;zh mitas; Kd;Df;Fg; Ngha;f; nfhz;bUf;fpdk; mts; nrhy;yp Kbg;gjw;Fs;> ,JtiuAk; ,UtiuANk fhg;ghw;w Kbahky; Nghd Ntjid Nkypl ,tis vg;gbahtJ fhg;ghw;w Ntz;Lk; vd;w xU Jbg;G. xU Gjpa MNtrk; vd;dpy; vo mtisj; J}f;fp mtspd; xU ifia vd; Njhisg; gpbj;jpUf;f vdJ tyJ ifahy; mtis mizj;jgb vdJ fhaj;jpd; NtjidNahLk; mij ntspf;fhl;lhky; jhz;bj; jhz;b mtisf; nfhz;L te;J nfhz;b Ue;Njd;. vjphp KjyhtJ ‘guh’ ntspr;rk; kiwAk; Kd;dh; kw;wg; guhitAk; mbj;Jf; nfhz;bUe;jhd;. MidapwNt me;j eL ,utpy; gl;lg; gfyha;f;fplf;f fth; vLg;gjw;F ve;j jlaKNk ,y;yhj me;j ntl;il ntspahy; efh;e;J nfhz;bUe;Njhk;. Nkhg;g eha;fSk; Jg;ghf;fp uitAk;> 40mm vwpfizAk; vk;ikj; Jwj;jpf;nfhz;NlapUe;jJ. ehk; nrd;Wnfhz;NlapUe;Njhk;. sss xU ,Ury; gw;iwf;F mUfpy; Kd;dh; te;jth;fisf; fz;L> gpd; mth;fNshL Nrh;e;J nrd;Wnfhz;bUe;Njhk;. vjphp Juj;jpf;nfhz;Nl apUe;jhd;. fhag;gl;L mjpf FUjp ntspNawpajhy;> nrq;fjph; jz;zPh; jz;zPh; vd;W fj;jpa tz;zNk tu xU cg;G ePh; Xilapy; ePiuf; Fbj;jJk; cg;Gj; jd;ik vkJ fhaq;fis ,d;Dk; Ntjidg;gLj;jpf; nfhz;bUe;jJ. nrq;fjph; kaf;fk; tUk;NghJ nfhQ;rNeuk; ,Ue;JtpLths;> gpd;dh; gLj;jgb ‘nfhQ; ,Ue;Jl;Lg;Nghtk;’ vd;ghs;. Gifapuj tPjpiaf; fle;J te;Jtpl;Nlhk;. nrq;fjph; gLj;jhy; vOk;gNt khl;lhs;> vOe;J elf;Fk;NghJ vdJ gpbapypUe;J eOtp mbf;fb kaq;fp kaq;fp ,Ue;JtpLths;. sss kw;wth;fs; tpbtjw;fpilapy; fz;btPjpiaf; flf;f Ntz;Lnkd;W nrhy;ypf;nfhz;bUf;f... vq;fSf;fh ePq;fs; vy;NyhUk; epd;W tPdha;r; rhff;$lhJ ePq;fs; Nghq;Nfh> tpbQ;rhg;gpwF nfhQ;rk; kaf;fk; njspQ;rpLk; thwk; vd;W nrhy;yp vdJ RPK LMG iaf; nfhLj;Jtpl mth;fSk; xU iwgpis itj;Jtpl;Lr; nrd;whh;fs;. kNyhpahf; Fspir Fbj;j khjphpahd kaf;fk; Vw;glNt thapy; Fg;gpAk;> ifapy; Fz;LlDk;> fhaj;jpd; Ntjidahy; mDq;fpf;nfhz;L fple;Njhk;.

sss 01.02.1998 fhiy 6.00kzp ,Uf;Fk; nrq;fjph; gLj; jpUe;j G+tur kuj;jbapy; vdJ Nfhy;rhpy; fple;j iff; Fz;Lfspy; xd;wpidr; nrq;fjpUf;Ff; nfhLj;Jtpl;L kpFjp ehd;F Fz;LfisAk; ,Lg;gpy; nrUfptpl;bUe;Njhk;. mJ ntl;il ntsp cUkiwg;Gr; nra;aKbahj <r;rk; gw;iwfs; ehk; ,Ue;j ,lj;jpypUe;J fz;b Nuhl; 300m wpy; ,Ue;jJ. mjd; ,U kUq;Fk; 200m ,ilntspapy; fhty; muz;fs; njhpe;jd. gfypNy tPjpiaf; flf;f KbaNt KbahJ. ,Uz;lgpd; jhd; me;j tPjpiaf; flf;f Ntz;Lk;. mJtiuAk; Ntjidiaj; jhq;fpagb rhg;ghLk;> ePUk; ,d;wp ,Uf;fNtz;Lk;. mijg; gw;wp epidf;fNt Kbahky; ,Ue;jJ.

itfhrp - Mdp> 2007


nrq;fjphpd; fhy;fhaj;jpw;F vd;dplkpUe;j xNunahU FUjpj; jLg;Gg; gQ;ridiaf; fl;btpl;L mtspd; mUfpNy mbf;fb Vw;gLk; miuFiw kaf;fj;jpy; fple;Njhk;. fUk;Gyp fg;ld; nrq;fjph; FKjd; mz;iz ahf;fs; ghtk; vd mbf;fb nrhy;ypr; nrhy;ypf; nfhz;bUe;jhs;. kw;wth;fSf;fhf ,uf;fg;gLtjpYk;> ftiyg;gLtjpYk; mth;fSf;Fj;jhd; vt;tsT jpUg;jp ghUq;fs;. sss jz;zPh;j; jhfk; mtis thl;b vLj;jpUf;f Ntz;Lk;. mbf;fb jhfj;jhy; fj;jpf; nfhz;bUe; jhs;. kpFjpaha; fple;j FSf;Nfhir mtspd; thapy; nfhl;Lk;NghJ> mz;zh ,ij ckpQ;R rhg;gplf; $l ckpo; ePh; ,y;iy vd mts; fz;zPNuhL nrhd;d thh;j;ij vd; neQ;ir ,g;NghJk; ciwa itj;Jf;nfhz;NlapUf;fpd;wJ. mLj;J elf;fg;NghtJ vd;d vd;gij mwpahky; fijj;Jf; nfhz;bUe;Njhk;.

sss Neuk; 7.40 kzp vkf;F tyg;Gwkhff; Nfl;l ehapd; Fiuay; rj;jj;jpy; jiyia cah;j;jpg; ghh;j;jNghJ vk;ik Nehf;fp ,uhZtj;jpdh; te;Jnfhz;bUf;f> vy;yhNk ntl;il ntsp Mdgbahy; FNuhypy; fz;b Nuhl;il Nehf;fpg; Ngha;f;nfhz;bUf;f> nrq;fj;jph; ,jhiyAk; thwhq;fs; vdr; nrhy;y> jpUk;gpg;ghh;f;f> mjhiyAk; te;Jnfhz;bUe;jhd;. vJTNk nra;aKbahJ. kPz;Lk; jq;fpapUe;j G+turk; kuj;jbiaNehf;fp efh;e;J nfhz;bUe;Njhk;. sss vjphp vk;ik neUq;fp tpl;lhd;. Rl;Lf;nfhz;Nl ,Uf;fpd;whd;. vq;fspd; Kd;dhy; kz;izf; fpsW fpd;wJ. mg;NghJ vq;fs; iff;Fz;Lfs; “Nrg;wp” ,Oj;Jj; jahh; epiyapy; ifapy; ,Uf;f nrq;fjph; tapw;Wf;Fs; Fz;il itj;Jtpl;lhs;. ehDk; mg;gbj;jhd;. nrq;fjph; vJTNk fijf;ftpy;iy. Mdhy;> mtspd; fz;fs; vijNah nrhy;ypf;nfhz;bUe;jJ. sss vjphpapd; #L mtspd; clypy; Jisapl;l khj;jpuj;jpy; Fz;bd; ntbajph;T mtspd; cliy mg;gbNa ky;yhf;fhfg; Gul;btpl nrq;fj;jph; vd;idtpl;L fz;Kd;dhbNa Ngha;tpl;lhs;. mij vd;dhy; [Puzpf;f Kbahky; ,Ue;jJ. gpd;dh; vjphpapd; #l;ilf; fhztpy;iy nrq;fjph; ntbj;jijg; ghh;j;J gae;jpUg;ghd; Nghyj;jhd; ,Ue;jJ. jq;if nrq;fjpNu! vq;F jhd; cd;idf; fhz;gjpdp ? ntbj;Jr; rpjwpl;l Ntisapy; cq;fs; <fj;ijAk;> jz;zPh;j; jhfj;jpy; eP jtpj;j nghOjpidAk; vz;zp mOfpd;Nwd; - neQ;Rf;Fs; tpk;kp mOfpd;Nwd; kPz;Lk; re;jpg;Ngd; kpf tpiutpy;...... cq;fs; Mirfis epiwNtw;wpagb VNjh xU czh;T vd;id NkYk; ce;jpj; js;s. Nrg;hp mfw;wg;gl;l me;jf; iff;Fz;NlhL jhz;bj; jhz;br; nrd;Wnfhz;bUe;Njd;. vjphpapd; uit fSk; 40 mm nry;Yk; vdf;F Kd;dhy; ntbj;Jf; nfhz;bUf;f Mq;fpyj; jpiug;glf; fjhehafidg; Nghy ve;jf; fhaKk; ,d;wpg; Ngha;f;nfhz;bUe; Njd;. mjid ,g;NghJ vd;dhy; epidj;jhYk; vd;dhy; ek;gKbtjpy;iy. sss 200m J}uj;jpy; xU rpwpa ePh; epiy njhpa mq;F Ngha; Mir jPUkl;Lk; jz;zPiuf; Fbj;Njd;. vd;dhy; Fbf;fKbatpy;iy> nrq;fjph; jhfj;Jld; nrhd;d thh;j;ijfs; vdJ cs;sj;ij ntWik ahf;;fpf;nfhz;bUe;jJ. vd; cly; gytPdj;jhy; Nrhh;e;JNghf me;j “Nrg;hp” mfw;wpa iff;Fz;il ntbf;fhj khjphp Nrw;wpy; Gijj;Jtpl;L ePNuhL ePuhfp ghrpNahL ghrpahf ePe;jpr; nrd;W vjphptUk; jpirapd; gf;fkha; ,Ue;j rk;Gg; Gy;;Yf;Fs; fple;Njd;. mt;tplj;jpw;Fk; Mkp te;jpl;lhd;. Fsj;jpd; cs;Sk;

itfhrp - Mdp> 2007

Fsj;jpidf; fle;Jk; vjphpapd; #Lfs; nrd;W nfhz;bUf;fpd;wJ. MI -24 nfypAk; NjLjy; elj;Jfpd;wJ. Mdhy; vd;idf; fz;Lgpbf;f mitfshy; Kbatpy;iy. sss vdJ ,uz;L fhy; fhaj;ijAk; iff; fhaj;ijAk; kPd;fs; File;J File;J gpa;j;Jg; gpa;j;Jr; Ritj;Jf; nfhz;bUe;jJ. ehd; cly; hPjpaha;r; nrj;Jf;nfhz;Nl nrhy;yKbahj me;j uz NtjidNahL tpiwj;Jg; Ngha;f; fple;Njd;. VNjh VNjh vy;yhk; nra;jJ. Mdhy; mtw;iwAk; tpl vk; Njhoh;ffSk; nrq;fjpUk; ntbj;j epidTk; ,Wjpaha;r; nrhd;ditANk epidit epiwj;Jf; nfhz;bUe;jJ. mg;NghJ Ntjid vy;yhk; vdf;F Ntjidaha;j; njupatpy;iy. Mdhy; ,g;NghJ mij epidj;jhy; mJNt ngUk; Ntjidaha; vd;idf; nfhy;Yk;. ,g;gbahfj; jz;zPUf;Fs;Ns kPNdhLk;> ntspNa %r;R tplTk; mkpo;e;J mkpo;e;J Nghuhbf;nfhz;NlapUe;Njd;. ez;gfy; 12.00 kzpf;F gpwFjhd; ,af;fpr;rp KfhkpypUe;J Ml;ywpfs; Vtg;gl;ld. rpwyq;fhtpd; CTB g];fs; fhag;gl;l ,uhZtj;jpdiu Vw;wpr; nrd;W nfhz;bUe;jJ. me;j NtjidfNshLk; kaf;f epiyNahLk;; ,Ul;Lk; tiu tpiwj;jgb jz;zPUf;Fs;Ns Cwpagb fplg;gJ vd;gij rhjuhz Neuq;fspy; epidj;jhy; $l Ntjidaha;j;jhd; ,Uf;fpd;wJ. sss vdJ fz;fs; kl;Lky;y md;iwa thDk; ,Uz;Lnfhz;bUf;f nky;y nky;y vOe;J Fg;gpia thapYk;> Fz;bidf; ifapYk; nfhz;L fhiy ,Oj;J ,Oj;J nrq;fjph; ntbj;j mNj ,lj;Jf;Fg; NghNdd;. mq;F nrq;fjpupd; fOj;Jj; jfL kl;LNk fple;jJ. mtspd; cliy vjpup ,Oj;Jg; Nghd jilak; Gw;;fspy; njupe;jd. mij vLj;J vdJ “nghf;fw;” f;Fs; itj;J tpl;L fz;b Nwhl;il Nehf;fp efh;e;Njd;. vd;dpy; ,Ue;J 75m J}uj;jpy; 7>8 Mkpf;fhud; mtjhdpg;Gf;fha; nrd;W nfhz;bUg; gij fz;L> clNd jpUk;gp kPz;Lk; nrq;fjph; tPur;rhtile;j ,lj;jpy; jq;fpNdd;. thdj;jpNy epyT. vd; kdjpNyh ,UNshLk; mtspd; epid NthLk; mjpNy epyT kiwAk; tiu fple;Njd;. jdpik vd;gijNa czuKbahj jdpik mJ. mtspd; me;jj; jpahfj;ij njupag;gLj;j Ntz;Lk;. mth;fs; ,Wjpaha; nrhd;dijf; fl;lhak; nrhy;y Ntz;Lk;. ,JNt vdf;Fs; ,Ue;j ntwpahFk;. ,uT 10.00 kzpapUf;Fk; epyT kiwa kPz;Lk; thdj;Jr; #upadha; guh nry;fs; xspgha;r;rpf; nfhz;bUf;f sss vdJ fhiy ,Oj;J ,Oj;J xUthW fz;b Nwhl;ilAk; fle;J Nfhapy; tay;gFjpf; fhl;Lf;Fs; te;J tpl;Nld;> jpir kl;Lky;y ve;jg; ghijAk; ,y;yhj Kw;gw;iwfs; epiwe;j fhL mJ. ve;j ntl;iliaAk; fhztpy;iy. mq;nfhd;W ,q;nfhd;wha;j; njupAk; gidfisg; ghh;j;J efh;e;jhy; mjd; mUfpYk; ,Ury;fhLfNs> Kl;fs; vd; ghjq;fis kl;Lky;y vd; fhaq;fisAk; gjk; ghh;j;Jf; nfhz;bUe;jJ. vdf;F cly;uPjpaha; Nrhh;T Vw;gl Xuplj;jpy; gLj;Nj tpl;Nld;. sss 02.02.1998 fhiy gioa tajhdth;fisg;Nghy jbia Cz;bagbjhd; vd;dhy; efu Kbe;jJ. gfypy; $l gw;iwfspd; Clhf efh;tJ fbdkhfNt ,Ue;jJ. efh;e;J nfhz;L jhd; ,Ue;Njd;. rq;fj;jhh; tay;gFjpapy; ,Ue;j ,uhZt kpdpKfhKf;F mz;ikapy; nrd;W tpl;Nld;. ,g;NghJ ehd; te;j gf;fkhf fhl;bidf; fpspah; nra;a Mkpf;fhwh; nrd;w jlak; kl;Lk; fz;zpy; njupa> ey;y fhyk; vd;id mtDf;F njupahky; Nghd epk;kjpNahL fpof;Fg; gf;fkha; KfhKf;F rkhe;jukha; efh;e;J nfhz;bUe; Njd;. ,ilf;fpil rg;ghj;Jj; jlaq;fs;. xUthW Kd;dh; te;J ghij njupahky; nrd;w mNj “nuypNghd;” tah; tUk; ghijia njhlh;e;J ele;J Kd;dh; Kf;Nfhz epiy vLj;j mNj ,lj;jpy; fple;Njd;. md;W Gijj;J itj;J tpl;Lg; Nghd kPjpr; rhg;ghl;ilAk; gd;wp fpowp> VJkw;W vdJ tapw;iwg; Nghy; rhg;ghl;Lg;igAk; ntWikaha; fple;jJ > jz;zPh; tplha; nfhLikg;gLj;jpf;nfhz;bUf;f KRW vWk;Gfs; vd; jirfspy; GFe;J fbj;Jf;nfhz;bUe;jJ. mjidj; jLf;ff; $l rf;jpaw;Wf; fple;Njd;. FKjd; mz;zh> RNgrd; mz;zh> FkNu];> nrq;fjph; MfpNahNuhL ,Wjpaha; cz;L mth;fspd; ,d;g Jd;gq;fisg; gfph;e;J nfhz;l mNj ,lj;jpy; me;j epidTfNshL jdpikapy; jtpaha; jtpj;Jf;nfhz;bUe;Njd;. khiyahFk; NghJ nky;y nky;yr; nrd;W md;W RNgrd; mz;zhNthL ghug;igfs; kiwj;J itj;j ,lj;jpy; kPjpr; rhg;ghL ,Uf;Fk; vd;w ek;gpf;ifapy; nrd;Nwd;. mq;F mtw;iwf; fhz Kbatpy;iy. ,Ul;L te;jJk; tpf;dh tPjpiaAk; fle;J kPz;Lk; ntspfs;> gw;iwfs;> ntl;ilfs; Clhf efh;e;J kpd;rhuk; toq;Fk; kpdpKfhKf;F mz;ikapy; nrd;W tpl;Nld;. mq;fpUe;J el;rj;jpuq;fis itj;J njw;F Nehf;fp efh;e;Njd;. sss fly; ePh; Vupf;Fs; ,wq;fp tpl;Nld; 200 m nrd;wpUg;Ngd;. fiuapy; te;J

vq;fspd; 120mm vwpfizfs; te;J ntbf;fpd;wd. sss ePNuupf;Fs; ,Ue;j ghrpfs; fhaj;ij curpf; nfhz;bUe;jJ> mtw;Wf;Ff;$l vd; jirfSk; FUjpAk; jhd; Njitg;gl;ld NghYk;. epyT kiwAk; tiu Kd;dzp fhty; epiyfis mtjhzpj;jgb ePUf;Fs; fple;Njd;. Kjy; ehs; ,uT jhf;Fjy; elj;jp vkJ mzpfs; ntspNawpagbahy; vjpup vy;yh epiy apYk; Nuhr; mbj;jgbNa ,Ue;jhd;. xU kzp Neu ,ilntspf;F xU Kiw xU ,ae;jpug; glF mtw;iw ‘mNyl;;’gz;zpf;nfhz;bUe;jJ. vg;gbah tJ mtw;iwf; fle;J tuj;jhd; Ntz;Lk;. epyT kiwaTk; nky;y nky;y nrd;W me;jg; glF nrd;W kiwe;j gpd; fhty; epiyapypUe;J 15m Ntypiag; gpupj;J KjyhtJ “hPg; iyl;” iyidAk; fk;gp Nwhiy ifahy; mOj;jpagbAk; fle;J ,uz;lh tijAk; mg;gbNa nra;J (fk;gp Nwhy; fwy; gpbj;J ,Ue;jgbahy; mOj;Jk;NghJ mJ ,YFtha; mOj;jg;gl;lJ.) kPz;Lk; fly; ePNuupahy; nfhk;gbg; gf;fkha; ePUf;Fs; njupe;j epyg;gFjpf;F mz;ikapy; nrd;wNghJ “gpwp];uy;”kzk; %f;Fs; Eioa mJ ,uhZtg; gpuNjrk; vd;gij czh;e;J kPz;Lk; njw;F Nehf;fp efh;e;J cly; ePhpy; fple;jgbahy; NkYk; ,ayhkw;Nghf kaf;f epiyapy; kzy; jpl;bapy; gLj;Jtpl;Nld;. sss 03.02.1998 fhiyapy; vjpupapd; fhty; epiyapy; hPg;iyl; mizaKd; %d;whtJ ehshf Tk; NtjidfNshLk;> cs;sj;jpypUe;j me;j cWjp NahLk; cg;G ePh; epiwe;j tapw;NwhLk; efh;e;J nfhz;bUe;Njd;. ,uizkLtpd; Nkyjpf ePh; ntspNaw;Wk; me;j Mw;Wg;gLf;ifia ,uz;L jlit ntt;NtW ,lq;fshy; fle;J ele;J nfhz; NlapUf;fpd;Nwd;> ,g;NghJ vdJ fhaq;fis kzp ,ioahDk;>me;j ntspapd; Gw;fSNk Ritj; Jf;nfhz;bUf;f #upa ntg;gk; vd; Nkdpapy; gl NkYk; jiyr;Rw;whfNt ,Ue;jJ. fuk;igf; fha;fisr; rhg;gpl;Lf;nfhz;Uf;Fk;NghNj> mit clDf;Fld; the;jpaha; ntspapy; te;Jnfhz;NlapUf;Fk;. sss 03.02.1998 md;W Kw;gfy; 11.40 kzpf;F fz;lh tisf; fpuhkj;Jf;Fs; nky;y nky;y Eioe;J nfhz;bUe;Njd;. vd;idf; fz;lTld; Njhl;lj; Jf;F ePh; Cw;wpf;nfhz;bUe;jth;fs; Xb tpl;lhh;fs;. ,Uth; kl;LNk mirahky; epd;W ghh;j;Jf;nfhz;Nl epd;whh;fs;. NtjidapYk; rpupj;jgb mth;fsplk; tpguj;ijf; Nfl;lNghJ Xbath;fs; Mkpf;fhuh; vd epidj;J XLtjhAk;> Mkpf;fhuhh; vd;why; jbA+z; bagb tukhl;lhd; vd;gjhy; jhq;fs; Xltpy;iy vd;Wk; nrhy;ypf;nfhz;lhh;fs;. gidNahiy thsp apy; ePh; Fbf;fj; je;jhh;fs;. vdJ fhaj;Jf;F nghOj;

jPdhy; ,iyahd; nkha;f;fhky; fl;btpl;L> jq;fspd; khl;L tz;biyf; nfhz;L te;J> mjpy; vd; fhaq;fs; jhq;fhj khjpup itf;Nfhy; epug;gpa rhf;fpy; vd;idj; J}f;fp Vw;wpf; nfhz;L te;jhh;fs;. ehq;fs; Mokhf Nerpf;Fk; kf;fspd; me;j gq;Fk; gzpAk; ,d;Dk; njhluNtz;Lk;. ,ilapy; NtTg;Gyp fg;ld; tpLjiyAk; kw;Wk; Xh; NghuhspAk; vd;id coT ,ae;jpuj;jpy; khw;wp Vw;wp te;jhh;fs;. sss 04.02.1998 md;W Ra epidT ngw;W vOe;jNghJ ehd; migad; kUj;Jt kidapy; kl;Lky;y <oehjk; gj;jpupifapy;> MizapwtpYk; fpspnehr;rpapYk; tPufhtpakhd gjpdhd;F fUk;Gypfspy; xUtdha; ,Ue;Njd;. kPz;Lk; Gjpa Nghupay; mDgtq;fspd; CNl vjpupapd; ,yf;if Nehf;fp vd; ghjq;fs;.....

15


rhTk; tho;Tk; tpLjiyf;fhdhy; jPAk;$lf; Fsph;fpwJ tpahrd; neQ;rpdpNy gQ;Ritj;J vz;izapl;l neUg;G epy;nydNt nrhy;tjw;F ahUkpy;iy vkf;F rhfntd;W Njjpnrhy;ypg; NghFk;Gay; fWg;G ehisgif kPjpdpNy Nfl;Fnkq;fs; rphpg;G A+iy - 5 Gjpa jpirnahd;wpd; Gyh;T jpdk;. Mjpf;ff; fjpiufs; mr;rj;jpy; ciwAk; ehs;. ney;ypabapy; kpy;yh; njhlf;fp itj;j nrhy;ypabf;Fk; jpUehs;. “fUk;Gypfs;” Nkfj;jpy; KbAk; Moj;jpy; mbAk; nfhz;L jhfj;jpy; jphpAk; Nfhgq;fs;. Njfj;jpy; jP %l;Lk; NghJk; Nrhfj;jpd; jpiu%lhj jpUKfq;fs;. Moj;jpw; fplf;Fk; ,thpd; mdy;Nth;fis ve;j Ma;thsh;fshYk; msntLf;f Kbtjpy;iy. mOjOJ tUk; thh;j;ijfshw; $l ,th;fis vOjptpl KbahJ. fUk;Gypfisg; ghLk; NghJjhd; ftpQh;fs; Njhw;Wg;Nghfpd;wdh;. ntbj;j Gay;fSf;F vOjpa ftpijfis ,Uf;Fk; fUk;Gypfs; gbf;Fk;NghJjhd; vOj;jpd; ,ayhik njhpatUfpwJ. J}hpif vLj;J Xtpak; jPl;lyhk; th;zq;fs; Njhw;Wk;NghFk; ,Wjpapy;. KiynfhLj;j jhah;fs; $l kiyfis epkph;e;J ghh;f;fyhNk jtpu mth; cs;sf;fplf;ifia czh;e;Jnfhs;s KbahJ. rhnthd;wpd; Kd;Ndjhd; mjpfkhNdhh; rfyijAk; ,of;fpd;wdh;. tpQ;Qhdj;jhy; rhTf;Fj; Njjpitf;f KbAnkdpy; mr;rj;jpy; me;jhpj;Jg; NghFk; cyF. ,e;jg;Gay;fs; kl;Lk; Njjpitj;j gpd;dh;jhd; re;Njhrj;ij jiyapy; itj;Jf; $j;jhLfpd;wdh;. efk; ntl;Lk;NghJ jir fps;Sg;gl;lhNy Nth;j;J tpWtpWj;Jg;NghFk; ,dj;jpy;

,e;j cw;gtq;fs; vg;gb rhj;jpakhdJ? tpjp topNajhd; rhTtUnkd ek;Gk; r%fj;jpy; ,e;jg; GJtpjpfs; gpwg;ngLj;jJ vg;gb? tPjpapw; fhZk;NghJ mKf;fkhfTk; tPl;Lf;F tUk;Nghjpy; ntspr;rkhfTk; Fjpj;Jf;nfhs;fpd;wd ,e;jf; FspNuhilfs;. ehis ,th;fsh ntbf;fg;Nghfpd;wdh;? ek;g Kbahky; ,Uf;Fk; rpyNtisfspy;. rj;jpurpfpr;ir vd;whNy ehq;fs; ghjp nrj;JtpLfpNwhk;. rhfg;NghFk; Neuj;jpYk; ,th;fshy; vg;gbj; jiythu KbfpwJ? vy;yh caph;fisAk; ,Ue;J ghh;f;Fk; ,akd; ,th;fspd; capiukl;Lk; vOe;J ghh;g;ghdhk;. fUk;Gypfspd; gpwg;gpd; #j;jpuk; cah;kiynahd;wpd; cr;rpapypUf;fpwJ. ,th;fspd; ejp%yk; jiytdpd; ek;gpf;ifg; Gs;spapy; Cw;nwLf;fpwJ. top jtwhj gazpnad ek;gpNa fUk;Gypfs; fe;jf ntbahfpd;wdh;. ,th;fs; tuyhW jpUg;Gk; nghOJfspy; G+g;G+j;Jf;nfhs;fpd;wd thry; kuq;fs;. kpjpj;Jr;nrd;w Kl;nrbfs; $l Ngha; tUNthUf;Fg; Gd;dif vwpfpd;wd. gazk; nrhy;ypg;Nghd fhw;jlq;fis gTj;jpug;gLj;jpf; nfhs;fpwJ fhw;W. jiuapy; flypYk; kiwtpYk; mjpUk;ntb xt;nthd;Wk; fhw;wpy; fye;J fiutjpy;iy csptUk; jpirapy; tiuag;gLfpd;wd. mwpe;jOk; jhahpd; Fuy;$l mbj;jywp xg;ghhp itg;gjpy;iy nksdkhf khubj;Jf;nfhs;fpwJ. fUk;Gypfs; vq;fs; fhtw;nja;tnkd ehis tUk; ,isa cUj;jhsh; G+l;lDf;Fk;> ngj;jhr;rpf;Fk; NfhapnyOg;Gth;. ntbak;kd; Nfhapnyd tpsf;Nfw;Wth;. Ngr;rpak;kDk;>

gplhhpak;kDk; ,d;wpUg;gJNghy ntbak;kd; ehis tpsq;Fths;. tho;tpd; mh;j;jk; Ghpahky; ehq;fs; ntWk;ntspapy; tof;fhLfpNwhk;. vtiuAk; epfo;fhyk; jPh;khdpg;gjpy;iy ,y;yhj fhyj;jpy; vjph;fhyNk jPh;khdpf;fpwJ. thOk;Nghjpy; tho;tJkl;Lk; tho;ty;y rhtpd; gpd;dh; tho;tJjhd; tho;thfpwJ. Kd;Ndhh;fs; ,ijj;jhd; nrhh;f;fnkdr; nrhd;dhh;fs;. fUk;Gypfs; thdj;jpypy;iy g+kpapNyNa tho;thh;fs;. rhTld; KbAk; rhpj;jpuky;y ,th;fs; jPAld; vhpAk; [Ptd;fsy;y ,th;fs;. tuyhw;wpy; tho;jnyd;gJ nra;Ak; jpahfj;jhy; tUtJ. re;jdkha;f; fiuAk; tho;tpypUe;J tphptJ. fUk;Gypfspd; tho;T Nfhbjtk; G+h;t Gz;zpa tuk;. Mnzd;Wk; ngz;nzd;Wk; Ngjkpd;wp ,e;j mdw;FQ;Rfspd; gpwg;Gf;F cyfk; cUfhyk; jiyrha;f;Fk; <oj;jkpoUf;fhd tpLjiyia vth; jukWj;jhYk; mtiuf; fUk;Gypfspd; fWg;G mr;r%l;Lk;. fWg;Ng moF fWg;Ng typik fWg;Ng th;zq;fspd; ftpij fWg;Gj;jhd; cyfpd; Mjpepwk;. mjdhw;jhd; Mjpkdpjdhd jkpoDk; fWg;gha; tpsq;Ffpwhd;. fUk;Gypfs; fhynkOjpfs; vOJk; fhyj;jpd; vy;iyf;fw;fs;. vy;iyiaf; fle;J vjphpfs; tuhky; ,e;j ,bNawpfs; fhtypUf;fpd;wdh;. fUk;Gyp NghFk; jpirapidnae;j kdpjUk; njhptjpy;iy - me;jf; flTnsd;whYk; ,th;fspd; Ntiu KOtJk; mwptjpy;iy mofpa fdTk; nkOfpa moFk; ,thplk; G+g;gjpy;iy - ,e;j mjpra kdpjh; cytpLk; G+kp gifaplk; Njhw;gjpy;iy.


ltte 136