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Flower cultivation in Tarma © Antonio Escalante / PROMPERÚ

Junín

A practical guide for visitors


Organic coffee harvest Š Heinz Plenge Pardo / PROMPERÚ

In Chanchamayo you can taste and learn about the production of Peruvian coffee, increasingly recognized in the world.


Junín Location

Central mountains and jungle

Capital

Huancayo (3259 meters)

Elevation

313 meters (Puerto Prado) max: 4505 meters (Morococha) min:

Climate Temperature Max:

23 ºC

Mín.:

4

Dec - Mar

June - Sept

Mar - June

Sept - Dec

Arriving By land From Lima: Huancayo: 298 km / hr. Jauja: 265 km / hr. Concepción: 287 km / hr. Chupaca: 302 km / hr. Tarma: 230 km / hr.

6

6

7

5 6

Yauli: 177 km / hr. Junín: 321 km / hr. min . Chanchamayo: 303 km / Satipo: 429 km / hr. min

6 30 7 15

9

7 hr.

By air From Lima Regular flights from Lima to the city of Jauja:

30 min.

By train From Lima To the city Huancayo: hr. Huancayo - Huancavelica: 128+200 km / by express train hr. min. by autowagon.

13

3 30

5 hr. or


Calendar 1-3 Jan

La Huaconada de Mito ritual dance (Mito - Concepción)

20-25 Jan

San Fabián and San Sebastián festival / Tunantada (Yauyos - Jauja)

Ash Wednesday

Huaylarsh National Day

Mar-April (movable) Easter (Tarma and Mantaro Valley) May

Lord of Muruhuay Festival (Tarma) and Festival of the Crosses across the region

June

Central Jungle (Chanchamayo and Satipo) Tourism Week

July-Aug

Fiesta de Santiago (Concepción, Chupaca, Huancayo and Jauja)

8 Sept

Virgin of Cocharcas (Mantaro Valley)

15-20 Nov

Mantaro Valley Tourism Week (Huancayo, Jauja, Chupaca, Concepción)

What to eat? Soups such as uman caldo (ram’s head broth with mint and chili pepper), yaku chupe (potatoes, cheese, eggs, and aromatic herbs) and patachi (wheat with vegetables, bacon, meat, and mint) are popular in the mountainous regions of Junín. Other well-known dishes include carnero al palo (mu›on skewers) and pachamanca (meat, potatoes, and corn cooked in a pit). Cuisine in jungle regions relies on fresh water fish, such as doncella, for the preparation of ceviche and fried dishes. Other options include arroz chaufa exótico (cured pork, chicken, pepper and coriander) and pituca salvaje (milk of the breadfruit, with tuber and river fish fillet).

What to buy? Junín is well known for its burilados—dried gourd plants finely engraved with images representing daily life and traditions. Craftsmen in the Andes are also masters of embroidery, hand weaving, ceramics, silverware, wood carving, and upholstery. Artisans in the jungle regions make garments and accessories by taking materials from their surroundings such as native co›on, seeds, and feathers.


)

Distances

By car from the city of Huancayo to the cities of: DESTINATION

DISTANCE

TIME

Chupaca (Chupaca Province)

11 km

15 min.

Concepción (Concepción Province)

21 km

30 min.

Jauja (Jauja Province)

46 km

1 hr.

Tarma (Tarma Province)

108 km

1 hr. 45 min.

La Oroya (Yauli Province)

124 km

2 hr.

Junín (Junín Province)

180 km

3 hr.

La Merced (Chanchamayo Province)

182 km

3 hr.

Satipo (Satipo Province)

233 km

5 hr.

By car from the city of Huancayo to the cities of:

Tours

4 days (the minimum recommended stay)

1 day

Mantaro Valley (Constitution Square, Cathedral, Huanca Identity Park, Cochas Chico and Cochas Grande, San Jerónimo de Tunán, the Virgin of Piedra Parada, El Ingenio trout farm and Paca lagoon)

1 day

Tarma (Valley of the Flowers, Lord of Muruhuay sanctuary, Huagapo gro›o, and San Pedro de Cajas handcraft village)

1 day

Chanchamayo (El Tirol waterfall, Kimiri suspension bridge, Pampa Michi native community, Bayoz and Velo de La Novia waterfalls)

1 day

Satipo (Puerto Ocopa Franciscan convent, Imperitaja waterfall, Arcoíris waterfall, and Asháninka community)


Scenery along the hike towards the Tirol waterfall in San Ramón © Walter Silvera / PROMPERÚ


Junín

Departmental capital Provincial capital District capital Tourist attraction Provincial border Main road Asphalted road Non-asphalted road

Organic coffee harvest © Heinz Plenge Pardo / PROMPERÚ

Railway


to Tingo María

to Pozuzo

PASCO

Pampa Hermosa National Sanctuary

Sanchirio-Palo

Bayoz and Velo de Novia waterfalls

Junín National Reserve

San Luis de Shuaro

Carhuamayo

Lake Chinchaycocha

JUNÍN

Ondores

TARMA

Junín

San Ramón

Marcapomacocha

lca

Pui Pui Protection Pa

Huanacaure petr

Monobamba

Tarma La Oroya

Huaricolca cave painting

JAUJA

Tunanmarca archaeological complex Helenapuquio cave painting Cori Vinchos archaeological complex Jauja Cañón del Shucto Ma

CONCEPCIÓ

Santa Rosa de O

nta ro

Concepción

v Ri

Landscape Reserve

Arwaturo archaeological site

Huaytapa Hualhuas Mates burilados

Chupaca

Huancayo

Chongos Bajo

Cerrito La Libe Sapallanga Huanca Identi

Santiago León de Chongos Bajo

CHUPACA

LIMA

Comas

Paca Lagoon

Huajlasmarca archaeological complex er Wawi Wawi geological formations San Jerónimo de Tunán Nor Yauyos Cochas

to Lima

CHANCHA

El Tirol waterfall Asháninka Atahualpa n Tunquimayo waterfall

er Riv

Palca

Acobamba

Tarmatambo archaeological complex

Morococha

Pa

San Pedro de Cajas

Kimiri suspension bridge

La Merced

Chacamarca historic sanctuary

YAULI

Perené

Zhaveta Yard butterfly farm El Perezoso botanical gardens

Colca

Huancavelica


UCAYALI

omar waterfall Puerto Ocopa Franciscan convent

Pichanaqui Meretari waterfall Pere né Riv er

AMAYO

Puerto Ocopa

native communities

Satipo

ark

roglyphs

Betania natural pool Koari waterfall Tam bo Riv er

Fundo Verde

Mazamari

Mariposa

Llaylla San Martín de Pangoa Nomatsiguenga San Antonio de Sonomoro native community Imperitaja waterfall Alto Chavini petroglyphs

Andamarca

SATIPO

Asháninka Communal Reserve

ÓN HUANCAYO

allana Mount

En eR ive r

Ocopa Convent

Otishi National Park

Torre Torre archaeological formations

ertad

ity Park

CUSCO

HUANCAVELICA

AYACUCHO

Scale (km)

0

20

40

60


Central Highway© Antonio Escalante / PROMPERÚ


JunĂ­n has very diverse aractions, since it has Andean areas, the central jungle and the Mantaro valley.


What to see? Mantaro Valley Huancayo Province Constitution Square

In the center of the city of Huancayo. The square takes its name from the signing that took place here in 1813 of the Liberal Constitution of Cádiz proclaiming the equality of the colonized territories. The cathedral is located on the square.

Cathedral

Constitution Square Opening hours Mon-Sun: 7:30 am - 9:30 am / 5:00 pm - 7:30 pm Designed in baroque-neoclassic style, the temple was elevated to the status of cathedral in 1955. Its walls are decorated with canvasses from the Cusco School.

Wariwillka Sanctuary

8.4 km to the south of the city of Huancayo (15 min. by car). Opening hours, Tues-Sun: 9:00 am - 1:00 pm /2:30 pm - 5:00 pm. Ticket entry. The Wari built this religious center between 900 and 1200 at an important junction for trade between Huancavelica, Ayacucho, and the Mantaro Valley. The site museum provides information about both the construction itself and Wari culture.

Huanca Identity Park

5 km to the northeast of the city of Huancayo (10 min. by car). A giant replica of an engraved gourd — a typical regional handcraft item — welcomes visitors to this 5800 m² park dedicated to huanca folk art and its most popular characters. Its paths and green landscapes are adorned with sculptures made from pebbles, marble, quartz, and foam stone.

Huaytapallana Regional Conservation Area

33 km to the northeast of the city of Huancayo towards Virgen de las Nieves (1 hr. by car) followed by a 4 km (2 hr.) hike along a pathway to the edge of the snow. The park, whose highest point sits at 5557 meters, is not-to-be-missed by lovers of adventure sports such as mountaineering. The Mantaro River is fed by melting snow from the mountain.

Cochas Chico and Cochas Grande

11 km to the northeast of the city of Huancayo in the district of El Tambo (25 min. by car). This town is renowned for the skill of its artisans, who are specialists in the techniques of gourd engraving.

Hualhuas

12 km to the north of the town of Huancayo (20 min. by car). The inhabitants of this town are skillful weavers who give color to their work using natural dyes such as chilca, walnut, and cochineal.

San Jerónimo de Tunán

16 km to the northwest of the city of Huancayo (30 min. by car). Delicate work in gold and silver filigree by local craftsman is characteristic of this district. The visitor can also appreciate the carved wooden altars in the local church.

El Ingenio Trout Farm

28 km to the northwest of the city of Huancayo (35 min. by car). Opening hours Mon-Sun: 8:00 am - 5:00 pm. Ticket entry. Visitors to the fish farm, one of the largest in the country, can learn about the life cycle of the rainbow trout.


Concepción Province Concepción

21 km to the northwest of the city of Huancayo (30 min. by car). Concepción is known as land of the huacones and the mancallutas (clay pot artisans). Confrontations took place in the main square on 9 and 10 July 1882 during the Breña Campaign of the War of the Pacific. Bordering the square is the neoclassical mother church with an image of the Immaculate Virgin on its main altar.

Main Square

Concepción is known as land of the huacones and the mancallutas (clay pot artisans). Confrontations took place in the main square on 9 and 10 July 1882 during the Breña Campaign of the War of the Pacific. Bordering the square is the neoclassical mother church with an image of the Immaculate Virgin on its main altar.

Virgin Piedra Parada

5 km to the northeast of the city of Concepción (10 min. by car). This site is dominated by a 25-meter high statue of the Immaculate Virgin and also serves as a lookout across the valley below. The surrounding gardens contain sculptures that represent the area’s economic activities.

Santa Rosa de Ocopa Convent

5.5 km to the northeast of Concepción (12 min. by car). Opening hours, Wed - Mon: 9:00 am 11:00 am and 3:00 pm – 5:00 pm.Ticket entry. Built in 1725, the convent was a center for the evangelization of jungle communities. It houses an art gallery. Its library, one of the best in the country, has approximately 20 thousand titles. The Jungle Natural History Museum showcases the cultural and scientific work undertaken by the Franciscans since the vice royal era.

Mito District

12 km to the northwest of the city of Huancayo (50 min. by car). This district is known as the land of the huacones (exemplary citizens). The Asunción de Mito church has been declared a National Monument. The main square has been beautifully remodeled. The Wawi Wawi, (baby, in Quechu) archaeological formations are located nearby. Here the wind and rain have formed obelisks up to 40 meters high that together look like towers guarding a castle.

Library of the Santa Rosa de Ocopa convent © César Vega / PROMPERÚ


Paca Lagoon © Víctor Villanueva

Jauja Province Cristo Pobre Chapel

Between San Martín and Colina streets, Jauja (10 min. on foot from the main square). Opening hours Mon-Sun: 7:00 am - 9:00 am / 3:00 pm - 6:00 pm Construction of this temple between 1920 and 1928 was commissioned by the French priest, Louis Grandin Blo…iere, and Luisa Montes of the Congregation of the Daughters of Charity of Saint Vincent de Paul. It resembles the Sainte Chapelle, in the Notre-Dame Cathedral in Paris.

Paca Lagoon

6 km to the north of the city of Jauja (10 min. by car). Sheltered by the Sleeping Native, a silhoue…e formed by the eastern mountain range, this is a lagoon of legends associated with the founding of the city of Jauja. In addition to boat rides, the visitor can enjoy regional cuisine in nearby restaurants and appreciate local fauna such as cormorants, grebes, herons, ibis, and Andean geese.

Tunanmarca Archeological Complex

10 km to the northwest of the city of Jauja (30 min. by car). This citadel of the Huanca culture was built on a hill over a stone quarry. Its circular constructions served as housing for its inhabitants, including nobility, religious leaders, and the military.

Nor Yauyos-Cochas Landscape Reserve

Jauja Province in Junín and Yauyos Province in Lima, 57 km from Jauja along the asphalted highway towards Pachacayo and from there along a made road to Cochas and finally a trail to the lagoons (2 hr. 30 minutes by car and on foot). The snow-capped Mount Pariacaca feeds the lagoons found in this reserve: Huaylacancha, Tembladera, Azulcocha, and Carhuacocha. Its fauna, representative of the Andes, includes Raimondi puya, quinuales, and kolles. It is also an a…ractive place for fans of bird watching. Common species include the condor, the peregrine falcon, the aguilucho, the Andean gull, and the huashua. Archaeological centers are also located in the surroundings. So too is the Shucto gorge, where the Piñascocha riverbed, (choppy lagoon, in Quecha) has formed a canyon with walls that rise to a height of 60 meters. The visitor will also find the Helenapuquio rock paintings next to a crystalline spring that wells up at the foot of a hill. On the nearby walls are drawing—three people and two foxes—that date back to the Middle Archaic period.


Central Jungle Satipo Province Huanacaure Petroglyphs

11.4 km to the southwest of the city of Sapito (20 min. by car and10 min. on foot). Appearing here cut into a moss-covered rock are circles, anthropomorphic figures, representations of local plants, as well as a possible map. It is believed that they could be up to 3500 years old.

San Andrés Waterfall

15 km to the southwest of the city of Satipo, in the district of Coviriali (San Pedro) (45 min. by car). This a…raction has been designed for tourists, with some steps and a small mechanical cable car that crosses over the waterfall. Visitors can bathe in three stepped pools.

Gallito de las Rocas Waterfall

35 km to the southwest of the city of Satipo along the asphalted Satipo-Pampa Hermosa road as far as the locality of San Antonio (1 hr. 5 min. by car) followed by a 200 meter (7 min.) walk along a path leading to the waterfall. This waterfall is found in a gorge opposite the town of San Antonio. Access is via a suspension bridge over the Satipo river.

Imperitaja Waterfall (or Tina de Piedra)

46 km to the southeast of the city of Satipo (1 hr. 30 min. by car). The falls are reached via a track from Pangoa that can be driven. The waterfall is located near Canaán in the district of Pangoa. A formation known as the Tina de Piedra (Stone Tub) has been carved by the constant flowOcopa of water over time. This/beautiful Convento de Puerto © Adrián Portugal PROMPERÚ natural spectacle is surrounded by a lush secondary forest home to numerous birds.

Puerto Ocopa Franciscan Convent

67 km to the northeast of the city of Satipo (28 min. by car). This convent was founded at the end of the 19th century on land occupied by an Asháninka community. It was annexed to the Santa Rosa de Ocopa convent in Concepción and constructed in the same style. The image of the Virgin Mary wearing Ashaninka garments is an interesting feature of the colonial style chapel. During the rubber boom the convent’s friars rescued escaped slaves sentenced to death.

Puerto Ocopa Convent © Adrián Portugal / PROMPERÚ


Meretari Natural Slide

73 km to the northeast of the city of Satipo (2 hr. 15 min. by car). On the border between a natural region of high and low jungle, the Meretari waterfall is located in the eponymous gorge—the name refers to the mereto, a small jungle fish. The fall has a height of 14 meters and its cool waters have a pleasant temperature that ranges between 15 and 24° C. Climbing the side of the waterfall the visitor reaches a natural slide formed by a rock 30-meters in length. The cascade lands on a rocky bed surrounded by lush vegetation typical of the low jungle. Although a path has been constructed, the site is otherwise untouched.

Koari Waterfall

135.5 km to the northeast of the city of Satipo (2 hr. by 4WD and 45 min. on foot). The Koari waterfall is located in the eponymous gorge on the left bank of the Tambo river, the territory of the native Shimaventzo community. Its crystalline waters, which originate in the Gran Pajonal, fall from a vertical rock wall approximately 100 meters high and form whimsical figures on their rapid descent. The waterfall is entered via a rocky canyon covered by dense vegetation typical of the low jungle.

Chanchamayo Province El Tirol Waterfall

5 km to the southeast of the city of San Ramón (10 min. by car) along a path in the shape of a horseshoe (45 min. on foot). Ticket entry A pathway lined among other species of flora by orchids, lianas, and vines, leads to this waterfall. It has a free fall of 25 meters in height.

Pampa Hermosa National Sanctuary

24 km to the northwest of the city of San Ramón (1 hr. 45 min. by light truck). This protected natural area conserves montane and premontane forests. The El Abuelo (grandfather) cedar tree is a feature—it is approximately 400 years old and measures over 40 meters in height.

Kimiri Suspension Bridge

3.5 km to the northeast of the city of La Merced (5 min. by car). This bridge is the province’s oldest. The surroundings a’ract lovers of adrenaline sports. In addition to hikes to discover the area’s pre’y landscapes, it is possible to go cycling or canoeing in the Chanchamayo river.

Pampa Michi Native Community

19 km to the northeast of the city of La Merced (15 min. by car). This se’lement consists of 170 indigenous families, heirs to an ancestral culture rich in artistic representations. Dressed their typical clothing they receive visitors and encourage them to participate in dances and appreciate the community’s history, all part of an experiential tour of ancient customs and traditions.

Marankiari - Perene Native Community

31.5 km to the northeast of the city of La Merced (40 min. by car). This Asháninka native community is located on the right bank of the Perene river. Here the inhabitants have prepared an area to receive visitors, who they greet wearing their typical clothing and singing traditional songs. They offer lodging, traditional medicine, guided tours, and canoe trips. On a tour of the community the visitor can purchase its colorful handcrafts, take part in its dances, and gather around a campfire to listen to the telling of its myths and legends.

Bayoz and Velo de Novia Waterfalls

55 km to the northeast of the city of La Merced (15 min. by car). Ticket entry These falls are located very close to each other. The Bayoz waterfall has several cascades, the highest reaching 60 meters. The Velo de Novia (Bride’s Veil) is a single fall of 120 meters.


Zotarari Waterfalls

80 km from the city of La Merced (1 hr. 30 min. by car). Ticket entry This series of waterfalls is relatively easy to climb and descend thanks to the porous sedimentation of the rocks. The first is the most outstanding. It is 18 meters high and suitable for rappelling. The final one, known as Las Despeinadas (disheveled) because its cascades resemble long strands of hair, has a height of 35 meters.

Imperitaja Waterfall (Tina de Piedra) © César Vega / PROMPERÚ


Named "The Pearl of the Andes" by Antonio Raimondi, Tarma is known for its beautiful landscapes.

Tarma Main Square © Antonio Escalante / PROMPERÚ


Andes Tarma Province Tarma Main Square

In the center of the city of Tarma. The square is one of the city’s most important sites. It includes the town hall, the Manuel A Odría Museum and the Cathedral of Santa Ana. The laer boasts a clock donated by Ramón Castilla on one of its towers. The square hosted bull fighting during colonial times.

Santa Ana Cathedral

Tarma Main Square The cathedral was constructed in 1954 and is under the control of the diocesan order. Its architectural style is neoclassical and its layout is in the form of a Latin cross. It has two towers and three naves. The central nave houses the main altar, which in turn contains a sculpture of the Holy Trinity, and the image of Saint Ana—Tarma’s patron.

Valley of the Flowers - Chuchupampa

5 km to the west of the city of Tarma (10 min. by car). The valley contains extensive pre-Inca terraces. It is named for the colorful flowers that are cultivated here, including wallflowers, pompons, lilies, and gladioli.

Tarmatambo Archaeological Complex

11 km to the south of the city of Tarma (15 min. by car). Opening hours Mon-Sun: 7:00 am - 7:00 pm. Made from mud and stone, this site was the area’s principal Inca administrative center and for that reason Qhapaq Ñan (the Inca Trail) passes through it. Its structures include administration facilities, plazas, an aclla huasi (a house for chosen women), other housing, storage rooms, a network of canals, cultivation platforms, and funeral constructions known as chullpas.

Huagapo Groo

33 km to the north of the city of Tarma in the Palcamayo district (40 min. by car). Ticket entry Huagapo means the groo that cries. On a guided tour of its interior the visitor can see stalactites and stalagmites.

Lord of Muruhuay Sanctuary

11 km to the north of the city of Tarma in the Acobamba district (20 min. by car). Here the image of Christ on the cross appeared on a rock on Mount Shalacoto. People sick with smallpox were brought before the image to be healed. This gave rise to the name of the site—muru means smallpox and huay means house. Hundreds of faithful come every year to visit the temple constructed on a foothill.

San Pedro de Cajas Handcraft Village

41 km to the northwest of the city of Tarma (1 hr. by car). The village is home to skilled craftsmen. The archeological discoveries at Telarmachay testify that they have been dedicated to textile art since pre-Hispanic times. Today their tapestries portraying landscapes and human faces are very popular.


Junín Province San Ignacio de Loyola Mother Church

Junin Main Square. The church has been declared National Cultural Heritage. Built by Jesuit priests in 1640, it is colonial in style, with an 18th century Renaissance influence, a floor plan in the shape of a cross, and two separate interior lateral towers. The facade has a sculptured portal with representations of religious scenes. Its beautiful main altar is baroque in style, carved in wood, and coated with gold leaf.

Chacamarca Historic Sanctuary

7 km to the south of the city of Junín (10 min. by car). In order to enter, it is necessary to obtain permission from Sernanp Junín on telephone (064) 344-146 or email shchacamarca@sernanp.gob.pe. Ticket entry The protected natural area of 2500 hectares conserves the site where on 6 August 1824 the liberating army confronted the royalists at the Ba„le of Junín. The visitor can visit the obelisk that commemorates the victors of Junín, the site museum, and the Chacamarca archeological center—which is composed of bridges, storage rooms, and Inca dwellings.

Junín National Reserve

177 km to the northwest of the city of Huancayo (3 hr. by car). In order to enter, it is necessary to obtain permission from Sernanp Junín on telephone (064) 344-146 or email rnjunin@sernanp.gob.pe. Ticket entry Chinchaycocha is Peru’s largest and second highest lake. The surrounding area and its ecosystem is classified as a Ramsar Site because it protects a great diversity of high Andean aquatic birds (including the Andean goose, the rushbird, and the Andean woodpecker) and migratory species (including the Baird sandpiper, the avocet, the stilt, and the red duck). Boat trips are possible. The best time to visit is between the months of June and October.

San Pedro de Pari Colonial Church

35.3 km to the northwest of the city of Junín (45 min. by car). Located on the shores of the Lake Junín, this church is considered one of the oldest in the Americas. It has a typical colonial design featuring a fusion of 16th century styles and schools harmonized with Andean structural pa„erns. Its walls display paintings, the most notable of which portrays the last supper.

Junin grebe © Alejandro Tello


Huancayo City Center City limit Railway Main river Urban area

Huancayo Cathedral La Merced Chapel Salesian Museum The Church of the Immaculate Conception Obelisk in honor of the independence of Huancayo

Police City Hall Post Office


iver Shullcas R

Andrés A. Cáceres Park

Sh

ul

s lca

General Cemetery

Ri

ve

r

Constitución Square House of the Artisan


To Huanca Identity Park

To Cerrito de la Libertad To Torre Torre

Huancayo - Lima train station 15 de Junio Park

Wholesale market

Plaza Inmaculada Huamanmarca Square

Huancayo Stadium

Chil

ca R

iver


(01) 574-8000 24 hours iperu@promperu.gob.pe

www.peru.travel www.ytuqueplanes.com Opening hours and telephones are subject to variation by each tourist a¢raction. Confirm times and phone numbers with IPERÚ.

A publication by the Peru Export and Tourism Promotion Board - PROMPERU Calle Uno Oeste N° 50, piso 14, urb. Córpac, San Isidro, Lima - Perú Telephone: (51-1) 616-7300 www.promperu.gob.pe © PROMPERÚ. All rights reserved. Hecho el Depósito Legal en la Biblioteca Nacional del Perú N° 2017-11100 Imprenta: Quad/Graphics Perú S.A. (Av. Los Frutales No. 344, Ate Vitarte-Lima) Lima, agosto de 2017

The information in this brochure was updated in August 2017. In developing it, PROMPERU has used official information sources such as the Junín Regional Directorate of Foreign Trade and Tourism. FREE DISTRIBUTION. NOT FOR SALE.

Guía del viajero Junin [en]  

Guía del viajero Junin, inglés

Guía del viajero Junin [en]  

Guía del viajero Junin, inglés