ISSUE #27 DEC. 2016
WHATâ€™S INSIDE T H E L AT E S T
10 Dispensary Map
Map of all dispensaries that support VCM.
20 Too Much of a Good Thing How to treat excess cannabis consumption.
22 Marijuana Legalization in NV TImeline for recreational cannabis.
30 Terpene Spotlight: Humulene Cannabis and hops as medicine.
32 Brownie Mary Inspiring the advocacy of medical marijuana.
34 Is Cannabis Medicine? The positive effects of cannabis as treatment for disease.
40 Edibles 101
What to expect when consuming edibles.
C U LT U R E
44 The Ruckus Rant
Steer clear of the greed within the industry.
X Talks Growing 46 Patient Hopper Stone's monthly Tokin' with the Infamous interview.
48 Dab to the Future
The role of concentrates for medical patients.
50 Wake Up Feeling Refreshed Using cannabis to induce healthy sleep.
52 Artist Spotlight: Alex Huerta
14 Photography Provided by Mikayla Whitmore
VCM Holiday Gift Guide Our suggestions for the perfect holiday gifts.
Nevada Passes Question 2
What's new each month in our local dispensaries.
What it means and who it benefits.
84 Cooking With Cannabis
Chef Fred's Phoenix Turkey plus some sides.
Monthly spotlight on one of our local artists.
F E AT U R E D D I S P E N S A R I E S Medizin
The Apothecary Shoppe
4850 W Sunset Rd, #130
4240 W Flamingo Ave, #100
702 206 1313
702 740 4372
1800 Industrial Rd, #180
1112 S Commerce St 2755 W Cheyenne Ave, #103
702 420 2405
702 776 4144
Inyo 2520 S Maryland Pkwy, #2 702 707 8888
Top Notch THC 5630 Stephanie St, Las Vegas 702-418-0420
The Source 2550 S Rainbow Blvd, #8 9480 S. Eastern Ave 702 708 2000 Nevada Medical Marijuana 3195 St. Rose Pkwy, #212 1975 S. Casino Dr, Laughlin
The Dispensary 5347 S Decatur Blvd, #100 50 N Gibson 702 476 0420 Silver Sage Wellness 4626 W. Charleston, Las Vegas
702 737 7777
4850 S Fort Apache Rd #100 702 227 0511
2307 S Las Vegas Blvd 5765 W Tropicana Ave 4300 E Sunset Rd, #A3
702 978 7186
1921 Western Ave 3650 S. Decatur Blvd
702 476 2262
3400 Western Avenue 1366 W Cheyenne Ave #110 & 111
702 475 6520
6332 S Rainbow Blvd #105 702 487 6776
Southern Nevada Magazine Pickup: Shango Las Vegas 4380 Boulder Hwy, Las Vegas
The Clinic 4310 W. Flamingo, Las Vegas
Blackjack Collective 1860 Western, Las Vegas
NuLeaf 430 E. Twain Ave, Las Vegas
Las Vegas Releaf 2244 Paradise Rd, Las Vegas
Sahara Wellness 420 E. Sahara, Las Vegas
Jennyâ€™s Dispensary 5530 N. Decatur, N. Las Vegas 10420 S. Eastern, Henderson
Deep Roots Medical 195 Willis Canyon Carrier, Mesquite
SIMMONS Northern Nevada Magazine Pickup:
UST R IAL IND
Silver State Relief Sierra Wellness Connection Kanna Reef NuLeaf Incline The Dispensary Rise Blum
BO UL DE RH
TROPICANA HACIENDA RUSSELL
SUNSET STEPHANIE ST.
GREEN VALLEY PKWY
Map Sponsored By GIBSON
EDITORS NOTE We did it! On November 8th, Nevadans voted in favor of legalizing cannabis for adult-use. Now begins the potentially lengthy law-making process. Although the adult-use law goes into effect January 1, 2017, our legislators technically have a full year from that date to determine regulations and begin accepting applications for recreational dispensaries. Currently, our Nevada leaders are investigating Oregonâ€™s Early Start Program in hopes of following their model in order to get recreational dispensaries open sometime next year. On January 1st, anyone over the age of 21 will be able to possess, use, and consume up to one ounce of marijuana and 1/8th of an ounce of concentrated marijuana. The law also allows for those over the age of 21 to grow six plants; however, this will only be allowed until the recreational dispensaries begin opening as there is a clause in the law stating that you may not grow if you are within 25 miles of a licensed dispensary. Adult-use/recreational dispensaries will be separate from the medical dispensaries. Patient rights are separate and medical marijuana patient rights are not affected by the recreational law. Those with a medical marijuana patient card will continue to shop at our medical dispensaries and pay a lower tax. Therefore, if you have an illness that is noted on Nevadaâ€™s list of qualifying conditions, it may be in your best interest to obtain a Nevada medical marijuana card. And, speaking of patients, Evergreen Organix has announced that they are giving back for the holidays. Patients are asked to send an email to firstname.lastname@example.org with RSO Story in the subject line. In the email, each patient must share their story of how medical cannabis has changed their life. On December 31st, Evergreen Organix will choose several patients and provide them with a one-month supply of RSO-Phoenix Tears. If a chosen recipient does not have a Nevada medical marijuana card, that will also be donated by Getting Legal. Thank you Evergreen Organix for giving back to our local, patient community - we appreciate you! Happy Holidays!
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EDITOR Stephanie Shehan 702 622 8001
CONTRIBUTING WRITERS Amanda Connor Bob Kerr Chef Dee Chef Fred Dr. Aseem Sappal Garrett Dillon Heath Timmons Hopper Stone Jason Sturtsman Nick Hatalski Pamela Jayne Rob Ruckus Willie Spearmint Riana Durrett, Esq. Dr. Kit, Pharm.D,RPH. Rebecka Snell Darryl Johnson, PHD Bruce Burnett, MD Oscar Hunt Shannon Dorn
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TOO MUCH OF A GOOD THING Symptoms and treatment of excess cannabis ingestion
BY DR. KIT, PHARM. D, RPH.
Cannabis was recently approved by the voters in Nevada for recreational use, in addition to its previous approval by Nevada voters in 2000 for medical use. Inevitably, approval of recreational use of cannabis will lead to some individuals with little to no cannabis experience trying cannabis for the first time.
Recently, in other states where cannabis has been approved for recreational use, emergency room visits associated with cannabis have increased. In a letter to the New England Journal of Medicine, visits to Denver emergency rooms that were associated with cannabis use by out-of-state visitors nearly doubled the year after recreational cannabis was approved, primarily associated with ingestion of edibles and a lack of knowledge of their onset and effects. New cannabis users, as well as very occasional cannabis users, are unaware of just how much to take. They also are likely to try edibles first, as this route does not require any additional equipment (pipes, papers etc.) to consume the cannabis. They might start with a standard dose, but may not wait the recommended 30 minutes to an hour for the dose to take effect. This leads them to take more doses, resulting in uncomfortable effects such as poor coordination, decreased muscle strength, shaky hands, dizziness,
Cannabis overdose is often treated with supportive care such as fluids, rest, and monitoring. In most cases, this can be done at home rather than the emergency room. drowsiness, decreased concentration, slowed reaction time, slurred speech, confusion, and shortterm memory loss. A very small number of individuals can even experience delusions, hallucinations, anxiety, and agitation, mostly caused by elevated levels of one of the cannabinoids: delta-9 tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). Because of these undesired effects of too much THC, they seek treatment at the emergency room. But, is an emergency room visit truly necessary for a cannabis overdose? Here is what you need to know: 1. Cannabis overdose is unlikely to result in death. Cannabis ingestion alone has not been linked to any overdose-associated deaths. In fact, published lethal doses are merely estimates of the lethal dose based on animal studies, since no known overdose deaths have been recorded.
2. Cannabis overdose is often treated with supportive care such as fluids, rest, and monitoring. In most cases, this can be done at home rather than the emergency room. Most of the effects, such as agitation, confusion, and anxiety, are uncomfortable, but not lifethreatening, and will wear off as the THC leaves the system, usually within 6-12 hours for new or occasional users. Smoked cannabis wears off more quickly than cannabis incorporated into edible products. In rare individuals, the effects may take as long as 24 hours to fully resolve after ingesting edible products. However, in chronic users, as tolerance to cannabis builds, intoxicating effects will wear off sooner. 3. The reasons to go to the ER include: unexplained or new-onset chest pain, rapid heartbeat, or difficulty breathing; hallucinations/ paranoid delusions, especially if they last more than 24 hours or are a safety
risk to self or others; or new-onset symptoms of stroke such as weakness or numbness only on one side of the body, difficulty speaking, sudden and severe headache, or sudden trouble walking. Although rare, these could be severe reactions to THC and should be checked out. If heart attack, irregular heartbeat, acute psychosis or stroke occur after cannabis ingestion, cannabis should be avoided. In conclusion, common adverse overdose reactions to cannabis include decreased coordination, decreased muscle strength, shaky hands, dizziness, drowsiness, impaired concentration, slowed reaction time, slurred speech, confusion, and short-term memory loss. These reactions will wear off as cannabis is metabolized and eliminated from the body, and do not require a visit to the emergency room. Treat with rest, fluids, and treat the symptoms as able. If any severe unexplained reactions, such as chest pain or difficulty breathing occur, seek medical attention at your nearest emergency room. Otherwise, just try to relax, ride out the symptoms, and remember to take a little less cannabis the next time. Dr. Kit, Pharm. D, RPh is a licensed pharmacist and coowner of Medigrow, a Nevada grow school.
MARIJUANA LEGALIZATION IN NEVADA Timeline for Recreational Cannabis in the Silver State
BY AMANDA CONNOR
As advocates for Question Two, we spent dozens of hours at speaking engagements and in interviews during the campaign. The focus of the conversation was usually why we need to legalize marijuana and what will be legalized. Now that it has passed, many are asking when it will be legal to purchase and consume it.
The effective date of Initiative Petition 1 is January 1, 2017. That does not mean adults over 21 can go into a dispensary on January 1, 2017 and legally purchase “recreational” marijuana. Rather, the Department of Taxation has 12 months from that date to issue regulations and begin accepting applications for marijuana establishments that will sell recreational marijuana, or dual licensees, which can sell both recreational and medical marijuana.
The Department of Taxation must approve or deny an application within 90 days after receipt of the application. Therefore, it is anticipated that legal recreational sales will occur by the second quarter of 2018, at the very latest. However, Senator Tick Segerblom, widely considered the “Godfather of Marijuana” here locally, has again taken the lead on
marijuana in Nevada and is organizing a trip to Oregon to do research on their “Early Start” program. If Senator Segerblom finds that a similar program would be successful in Nevada, then the Nevada legislature could enact a similar “Early Start” program to allow legal sales of recreational marijuana prior to 2018. So what becomes legal on January 1, 2017, the effective date of Initiative Petition 1? It appears that as of January 1, people will be able to possess, use, and consume up to 1 ounce of marijuana and 1/8th of an ounce of concentrated marijuana. Initiative Petition 1 imposes a 15% excise sales tax in addition to state and local sales, which will be used to pay for costs of administering the program and toward the State’s school distributive account. While possession and consumption is legal January 1, 2017, you must stay tuned on the date legal purchases can be made. With regards to the impact on the medical marijuana program, Initiative Petition 1 states that nothing in the Petition shall be construed to affect the medical marijuana program. Therefore, patients do not need to worry that their rights or understanding of the medical marijuana program will change in any way.
With regards to the impact on the medical marijuana program, Initiative Petition 1 states that nothing in the Petition shall be construed to affect the medical marijuana program. Therefore, patients do not need to worry that their rights or understanding of the medical marijuana program will change in any way. November 10, 2016 -
the Department of Taxation issued a press release stating that it will work on temporary regulations to be issued prior to the timelines contemplated in Initiative Petition 1; November 29, 2016 -
Senator Tick Segerblom visits Portland, Oregon to discuss the details of their “Early Start” program; January 1, 2017 -
Possession and consumption of 1 ounce or less of marijuana becomes legal;
February 6, 2017 -
The Nevada legislative session begins. During that time legislators may pass bills clarifying Initiative Petition 1, but they cannot amend or change it; January 1, 2018 - The
Department of Taxation must issue regulations governing the recreational program and must begin accepting applications (must accept or reject within 90 days).
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Vegas Cannabis Magazine Class of 2016 The Higher Education column is dedicated to highlighting college students who incorporate cannabis themed topics into assignments, projects, presentations, student organizations and in their overall academic experience. Since the debut of the Higher Education column in Vegas Cannabis Magazine Issue #18, six students have received the Nevada Cannabis Student of the Month award and five honorary mentions were given to students who made a significant impact on their campus by raising awareness on cannabis issues in Nevada.
Desiree DeCosta Nevada State College Student Body President Scorpions CAN Student Govt. Liaison (Honorary mention)
Daryl-Anthony Mitchell Nevada State College Scorpions CAN Communications Director (Honorary mention)
Hunter Lomprey Nevada State College Scorpions CAN Director of Sciences (Honorary mention)
Andrew Lea College of Southern Nevada Students for Liberty campus coordinator
Alejandra Ayala Nevada State College Scorpions CAN Media Relations (Honorary mention)
Lisa Noeth New York University Global Research Initiative fellowship
Amanda Angellella Kenny Tedford UNLV Boyd School of Law UNLV Hospitality Admin. & Hotel Management Phi Alpha Delta Law Fraternity President SSDP Founding member
Congratulations to the Vegas Cannabis Magazine â€œClass of 2016.â€?
New and ongoing developments taking place locally give students an opportunity to use their interdisciplinary knowledge and skills in new innovative ways to engage the cannabis industry. Students are continuing to learn how their field of study relates to this emerging industry while exploring the potential for internships and employment.
Jessie Sutphin Josh McCoy UNLV Business University of Nevada Reno & Management Philosophy Major SSDP Founding member SSDP President (Honorary mention)
DeuvallDorsey UNLV Greenspun Public Relations SSDP Nevada Campus Coordinator
TERPENE SPOTLIGHT HUMULENE
CANNABIS AND HOPS AS MEDICINE
BY BOB KERR, DEEP ROOTS HARVEST
What do pot, beer, and medicine have in common? The initial answer might be, not much at all, but that would be far from the truth. Cannabis has quite a bit in common with some of the plants used to brew the delicious nectar of the gods we call beer. Specifically, cannabis is very closely related to Humulus Lupulus, more commonly known as hops. In fact, cannabis and hops are classified by botanists as a part of the same family, the Cannabaceae family. Both plants are dioecious meaning that they have both a male and female plant. Humans cultivate both hops and cannabis for the nonpollinated female flower. In the cannabis world, the nonpollinated female flower has been affectionately referred to for decades as sinsemilla. When directly translated to English, the word sinsemilla means “without seed”. Not only are hops and cannabis cultivated for their prized female flowers, but those flowers share some of the same essential oils. Humulene is found in high concentrations in hops as well as many cannabis varieties such as those indigenous to the Hindu Kush region of Afghanistan. It is thought that OG Kush might have come from a Hindu Kush phenotype, so just about anything crossed with an OG might be high in humulene. Humulene
is a sesquiterpene also known as α-humulene and α–caryophyllene; an isomer of β–caryophyllene. Humulene is found in hops, cannabis sativa strains, and Vietnamese coriander, among other naturally occurring substances. Humulene is what gives beer its distinct ‘hoppy’ aroma. Considered to be antitumor, anti-bacterial, anti-inflammatory, and anorectic (suppresses appetite), humulene has commonly been blended with β–caryophyllene and used as a major remedy for inflammation. Humulene has been used for generations in Chinese medicine. It aids in weight loss by acting as an appetite suppressant. Hops and cannabis share some uses such as aiding digestion, insomnia, and menopause relief. Controlled studies using a combination of hops and valerian, another popular sedative herb, have been shown to be more effective than a placebo and similar in effectiveness to benzodiazepines for improving sleep quality. Humulene and other terpenes exist in all types of plants that come in all shapes and sizes. Terpenes often play the same role in protecting the plant as they do in protecting our bodies. Many terpenes including
humulene are antiseptic in nature which makes them highly valuable for a living plant and highly valuable for humans. Humulene helps fight pathogens as well as strengthen the immune system by aiding sleep. Humans have benefited from these essential oils for thousands of years. Hopefully future cannabis research will reveal new medicinal uses for these ancient medicines. Words like pot and beer have the potential to evoke thoughts of gluttony and abuse. It can be difficult to draw the connection between plants, society, and
medicine. When we look past the surface we often find deeper understanding. What do pot, beer, and medicine have in common? The answer is, a hell of a lot. Cannabis and hops are among some of the oldest herbal medicines known to humans. People have used beer and cannabis to self medicate for thousands of years. Often they are used in combination for no other reason than to relax at the end of a long day. So in honor of this month’s terpene I ask that you drink a beer, smoke a joint, and remember that warm fuzzy feeling is all made possible by our friend humulene.
Inspiring the Advocacy of Medical Marijuana
BY GARRETT DILLON
Long before pristinely packaged edibles with ingredients and lab results on the back, before brightly colored ads in cannabis magazines for infused cake pops and industry parties, before large influxes of investment created the modern medical marijuana industry as we know it there were people doing exactly what we do today: helping sick people. While we operate openly and with the cooperation of the community they remained hidden, flying below the radar of a society that neither understood nor tolerated their mission. The path to the legalization and acceptance of medical marijuana in America was a long and arduous one, paved with loss, hardship, and braved by compassionate outlaws dedicated to helping the most marginalized members of society. In other words, total badasses. While there have been numerous patient advocates and activists over the years who have worked to progress the conversation about marijuana as medicine and paved the way for legal reform and greater patient access, few characters represent the truly defiant nature of the origins of our profession than Mary Jane Rathbun, more famously known as Brownie Mary. Known around the Castro district for selling her “Magically Delicious” pot brownies, Mary Jane Rathbun
was a 59-year-old widowed waitress the first time she was arrested for possession of marijuana in 1981. It was through court mandated community service from this conviction that Rathbun first came into contact with the
providing cannabis infused brownies to the sick and dying, including the patients of San Francisco General Hospital's AIDS Ward 86 where she volunteered weekly, eventually being named volunteer of the year
Shanti Project, an advocacy group for people dying of terminal illnesses that was facing an overwhelming wave of AIDS patients in the early 1980s. After observing her brownies efficacy in dispelling nausea and increasing appetite in customers with AIDS wasting syndrome she spent the remainder of her active years
in 1986. While HIV/AIDS patients receive a high amount of visibility and advocacy now, things were quite different during the Reagan Administration. Not only did Ronald Reagan not even mention the word AIDS until 1985, at which point over 10,000 patients had died of the disease, but he
surrounded himself with ideological extremists with a propensity for making insulting and stigmatizing statements, such as Pat Buchanan who called AIDS “God’s revenge on homosexuals” and served as the White House Communications director from 1985 to 1987. Brownie Mary distributed thousands of pot brownies throughout the 1980s undeterred by her 1981 arrest, as well as the subsequent 1982 arrest by the same officer after a chance run-in while Mary was in possession of fourdozen brownies she intended to deliver to a friend going through chemotherapy. Those charges were later dropped. Brownie Mary continued her volunteer work and cannabis activism and in 1991, along with Dennis Peron, she helped to pass Proposition P, in which the city of San Francisco recommended that the State of California allow physicians to prescribe marijuana to their patients. Following her final arrest for possessing 2.5 pounds of marijuana in 1992, and the subsequent acquittal of those charges, Mary received international news coverage for her advocacy and repeated defiance of the law for her “kids”her term for her beloved patients - and became the face of medical marijuana in the early 90’s. The image of an elderly woman giving
However, despite the enormous contributions she made to advance our cause she is largely overlooked, unmentioned and forgotten. This is a shame, not only because her efforts deserved to be recognized by their own merit, but also because her story is so inspiring. Like many of you I got into the medical cannabis business at a time when it was not exactly legally advantageous to do so because I didn’t feel that funeral crawl bureaucracy was a good enough reason for patients to be limited to growing their own medicine, as was the case in Nevada for 15 years after our medical law passed in 2000. Many of you may have similar stories of prioritizing the well being of your friends, family and community over outdated and misinformed legislation for little, if any profit. You knew the risks you were taking but did it anyway because you cared. This is the core of what we do. While recent entrepreneurial interest and investment is healthy, don’t let the cash flow distract you from the real reason you’re in this field, which is because you care about the wellbeing of your patients. If that doesn’t sound like you, you’re in the wrong line of work. So let’s enjoy our pristinely packaged edibles, our lab results and industry parties, but let’s also remember and celebrate the people who came before us who fought so that all those things could be possible, working with little praise and much hardship to advance an unpopular truth we all cherish and live by: cannabis saves lives. Brownie Mary fought passionately in her lifetime, but the battle is far from over. Let’s fight like old ladies.
medicated baked goods to the terminally ill softened the public's perception of cannabis in much the same way as the story of Charlotte Figi, a young girl diagnosed with Dravet syndrome for whom the high CBD strain Charlotte's Web was named after and whose story was profiled by CNN in 2013, followed by a wave of CBDonly legislation being passed in traditionally diehard conservative states. By taking advantage of this spotlight to tirelessly campaign Brownie Mary was a huge factor in the 1996 passage of Proposition 215 in California, America's’ very first medical marijuana law, setting the tone for more than half the country to follow suit. Her and Peron also founded the San Francisco Buyers Club, America's’ first medical marijuana dispensary. After years of battling chronic pain from several ailments Mary stopped baking in 1996 and passed away on April 10th, 1999 in San Francisco. Hundreds attended a candlelight vigil held in her honor in the Castro District where she had worked tirelessly for the wellbeing of her “kids”. It is simply impossible to overstate the importance of Brownie Mary in the development of modern medical marijuana. From her discovery of the efficacy of cannabis to treat AIDS patients to her successful campaigning for the first medical marijuana law, to publishing a cookbook for infused recipes (missing her famous and well-guarded brownie recipe) her influence on modern public perception of marijuana has contributed tremendously to an accepting environment that has allowed medical cannabis to flourish in this country.
IS CANNABIS MEDICINE?
The Positive Effects of Cannabis as a Treatment to Combat Disease
BY NICK HATALSKI
For about a decade, I led a think tank of research & development scientists affiliated with the most prestigious academic medical centers in the world. Our mission was to discover improved protocols to manage and cure disease. One day, I decided to escape the ivory tower and work hands-on within a healthcare delivery system. I accepted a 100% travel position and lived out of a suitcase for the next six years, as I traveled from city to city and provided consulting services to
teaching hospitals. While on assignment in Denver, I crossed paths with a medical marijuana master grower. He received numerous awards for marijuana cultivation, including several High Times Cannabis Cups, and was rightfully considered by many to be the best grower in the U.S. As we exchanged career stories, I was intrigued by the similarities and synergies of our work. What I found truly amazing was the positive outcomes achieved with cannabis in the treatment of disease. However, at that time, there
were very few published results regarding the medical benefits of cannabis. Unsettled by the lack of scientific studies or clinical trials, I was eventually driven to another dramatic life change. Still in my late 30â€™s, I decided to take a very early retirement, drop out of corporate America, and dedicate my life to documenting and proving the positive effects of cannabis as a treatment to combat disease. After examining countless marijuana strains and documenting their
therapeutic value, trends linking cannabinoid/terpene profiles to positive outcomes in disease management slowly emerged. Strains with high concentrations of cannabinoids and terpenes can effectively combat disease when the correct cannabinoid/terpene ratios are maintained. The positive outcomes demonstrated by these combinations are often exponentially more effective than expected. Other researchers who witnessed similar phenomenon coined the term Entourage Effect to described the occurrence. A single cannabinoid or terpene may have no effect on alleviating a symptom of a condition. However, when multiple terpenoids are combined, or when terpenes act synergistically with cannabinoids, their entourage effects have strong healing qualities that no pill, cannabinoid and terpene can achieve on its own. Cannabinoids and terpenes can work independently to deliver a positive therapeutic effect. However, when cannabinoids are consumed in tandem or in conjunction with terpenes, they can regulate one another, create a unique effect or provide a substantially stronger effect. This breakthrough demonstrates that cannabis can be capable of much more than merely alleviating a symptom of a disease or improving the health...
CONTINUED AFTER THE POSTER
refuse involvement in medical cannabis research. Unfortunately, medical marijuana is federally illegal. If a research facility performs clinical trials documenting the effects of medical marijuana without federal government approval, its ability to receive grant money and funding for other research projects is placed in jeopardy. One of the main reasons cannabis cannot be tested for medicinal attributes is tied to the DEA (Drug Enforcement Agency) drug schedule. This schedule is used to categorize drugs depending upon their acceptable medical use, abuse or dependence potential. These factors are used in placing a drug into one of five (5) distinct categories or schedules. Schedule 1 contains drugs that are defined as having no currently accepted medical use and a high potential for abuse. These are the party favors that our parents warned us about! Included on this list is heroin, a drug that has ruined or taken American lives for well over a century. Other Schedule 1 culprits are lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD), peyote, methaqualone, and 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA or Ecstasy). Also on the blacklist is the weed with roots in Hell – cannabis! Many individuals believe that the Schedule 1 classification of cannabis is paradoxical since so many physicians regularly approve medical marijuana use for their patients and medical marijuana has been successfully used in the treatment of addiction to pharmaceutical drugs such as OxyContin, as well as it’s illegal cousin, heroin.
Over this past summer, an attempt was made to correct the erroneous classification of pot. However, on 8/11/16, the DEA once again denied reclassification and released its decision to keep cannabis in its current Schedule 1 status. Our federal government considers cannabis to have no medical use, while 44 states have adopted medical cannabis law and 29 states created comprehensive medical cannabis programs. Two million patients have been granted access to medical cannabis and cannabis products under state laws. In its 70 years of existence, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has never documented a single case involving marijuana as the cause of death. However, last year in the U.S., 435,000 deaths were caused by tobacco, 85,000 deaths were caused by alcohol, 32,000 deaths were caused by prescription drugs and 7,600 deaths were caused by aspirin. As a side note, THC, a compound found only in cannabis, has 20 times the anti-inflammatory power of aspirin. Countless incarcerated citizens can attest that the most dangerous scenario involving marijuana is getting busted. In Nevada, medical marijuana is legal at the state level. To assure consumer safety, it is required that a sample of each strain of each harvest be analyzed by an independent laboratory. The lab must measure the concentration of several components found in the strain and document their Certificate of Analysis. The analyzed cannabis components can be grouped into six panels. The first two panels: terpenes and cannabinoids are beneficial
in the treatment of disease. The other four panels, Microbial, Mycotoxin, Pesticide/Growth Regulator and Heavy Metal contain items that can be harmful to humans. Terpenes or Terpenoids
are all flavor and fragrance components, or essential oils, found in plants. They are prevalent in human diets and have been generally recognized as safe by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration and other regulatory agencies. The use of aromatic plants in medicine dates back thousands of years. The study of essential oils deals with the administration of terpenes for their therapeutic value and has also been practiced for over a millennium. The term Aromatherapy was coined in the late 1920’s and is based on the essential oils. Up to 200 terpenes have been identified in cannabis, but only 21 of them are measured in Nevada’s major cannabis testing laboratories. A terpene, on its own, can provide medical benefit to a patient. For example, a-humulene has been used as an anorectic or appetite suppressant since the early practice of ancient Chinese medicine. a-humulene is usually found in sativa and sativa-dominant cannabis strains which are known to suppress appetite. Cannabinoids, unlike
terpenes, are only found in the cannabis plant. They affect the body and mind through their interaction with special receptors. THC is the most popular cannabinoid, as it is strongly psychoactive, thus producing euphoria and time dilation – the feeling of being high.
of a patient who was compromised by the side effects of pharmaceutical medicine. My research suggests that cannabis may provide an all-natural cure for diseases that are currently incurable. This research led to the realization that two large groups of individuals can benefit from these findings. The first group has medical conditions which cause them to persevere with their symptoms because they do not know that an all-natural, safe, effective treatment is available. The second group are currently undergoing treatment for medical conditions. However, their current treatment causes side effects that significantly degrade their health and quality of life. Equipped with this groundbreaking information, I reached out to the master grower, who originally set me down this path. Together we met with a select few of my like-minded colleagues to craft a plan providing an effective treatment alternative for unfortunate individuals who suffer from debilitating conditions. We decided to open a state of the art medical marijuana cultivation facility, where we could nurture and study cannabis. We set a goal to deliver flower, with high concentrations of cannabinoids and terpenes existing in the precise ratios that best provide treatment capable of improving their health. To achieve this goal and make my dreams come true, Greenway Medical was born. Although several years have passed since my journey first began, very little clinical research had been released on the medicinal attributes of cannabis. Nearly all reputable research facilities
The most up and coming cannabinoid is CBD, a nonpsychoactive compound that has been shown to be extremely valuable in the treatment of seizure disorders such as multiple sclerosis and epilepsy. Its lack of psychoactivity makes it ideal in treating children, the elderly and patients that prefer to remain clear headed and focused. Although at least 85 types of cannabinoids exist, the major cannabis testing laboratories in NV measure only 11. Cannabinoids are a perfect fit for specialized receptors found throughout the brain, nervous system, and immune system of the human body. B-myrcene is often considered one of the most important terpenes. It possesses very special properties, including lowering the resistance across the blood to brain barrier. It can allow itself and many other chemicals to cross the barrier easier and more quickly. When coupled with a cannabinoid like THC-A, b-myrcene improves its uptake, thus allowing it to take effect more quickly. Starkiller, an indicadominant hybrid strain of medical marijuana, that quickly gained popularity in Nevada as a treatment for insomnia, has a high THC-A content (often approaching 30%) and high levels of b-myrcene (usually 4 – 8 mg/gr). Both compounds have been used to alleviate insomnia. In fact, there are several promising applications based on the combined use of cannabinoids and terpenes, such as: • Acne therapies utilizing CBD with the three terpenes limonene, linalool, and pinene • New antiseptic agents with
CBG and pinene • Treatment of social anxiety disorder using CBD with limonene and linalool • Treatment of sleeping disorders by adding caryophyllene, linalool, and myrcene to 1:1 CBD/ THC extracts Microbial Screening
The microbial panel tests for the presence and concentration of yeast, mold, bacteria and other compounds that are harmful to humans. A state mandated limit has been set for the number of CFU/g (colony forming units per gram) that are identified in the marijuana sample being tested. Pesticide/Growth Regulator Analysis
Pesticides and nutrients are fed to plants during their growth cycle. Some pesticides and nutrients can be harmful to the health of humans. The ppm (parts per million) of each compound must fall below their mandated limit. Mycotoxin Screening
The Mycotoxin panel contains poisonous chemical compounds produced by certain fungi that can cause disease and death in humans. The ppb (parts per billion) of each contaminate must fall below their mandated limit. Heavy Metal Analysis
These metallic chemical elements threaten human health. Exposure to lead, cadmium, mercury and arsenic in a relatively low concentration is poisonous. However, high density exposure is toxic. Each marijuana sample must be tested for the presence of these metals. The test result must be below the ppb limit.
Each substance listed on the Microbial, Pesticide/ Growth Regulators, Mycotoxin or Heavy Metals Panel can be harmful to the health of humans. To assure the health safety of humans who encounter the lot of tested marijuana, none of these substances can be present in a concentration above its mandated limit. If one limit is exceeded the entire lot will fail testing and cannot be sold as medical marijuana flower in the state of Nevada. With education and practice, a patient can learn to interpret the terpene and cannabinoid result values of a strain and accurately predict its smell, taste and most importantly the medical effect. After sampling and comparing multiple strains, they can select one which best treats their condition. Many patients find it useful to divide their medicine into two groups, daytime and nighttime medication. Your daytime medication can include strains that effectively relieve stress, promote mental focus and increase energy. Your nighttime medication can allow relaxation and alleviate anxiety. As time passes, additional value and new uses for medical marijuana will be uncovered. I began my studies with a focus on alleviating the unpleasant side effects caused by addictive pharmaceutical medication. Soon after, I was pleasantly surprised to discover that medical marijuana, with the correct profiles, can not only alleviate side effects caused by pharmaceutical remedies, but can also act as an allnatural cure. Constant quality
improvement of a strain’s genetics coupled with precise organic nutrient regiments and state-of-the-art grow techniques can produce cannabis flower possessing the precise cannabinoidterpenoid ratios required in cannabis-based therapies that do not merely alleviate symptoms but completely cure diseases. On November 6, 2016, the Nevada Marijuana Legalization Initiative, also known as Question 2, was passed. It intends to increase the availability of marijuana to adults in our state. Hopefully our federal government will soon recognize the medicinal value of cannabis and realize that cannabis prohibition has a disastrous effect on the overall health of the United States. It’s impossible to spell healthcare without THC! Nick Hatalski, MBA is Chief Operating Officer of Greenway Medical, LLC. He has over 30 years of internationally recognized expertise as an engineer, researcher and consultant within the healthcare sector. Email him at Nick@ GreenwayMedic.com.
What to Expect When Consuming Edibles
BY HEATH TIMMONS, MSC; DARRYL JOHNSON, PHD; ACE ANALYTICAL LABORATORY
Marijuana edibles are cannabinoid-infused food products that are consumed for medicinal and recreational effects. Edibles have become an increasingly popular method of cannabis consumption, especially for people who do not want to smoke or vaporize flowers. It is estimated that edible sales will account for up to 40% of all cannabis sales in the Nevada adult-use market. With the increasing popularity of edibles, it is important for consumers to understand how they work in the body, how their onset and duration differs from inhalation (smoking and vaping) usage, and how to select an appropriate dosage One common misconception is that edibles are safer than smoking. While edibles can provide patients a great alternative to smoking, the effects from THC and other cannabinoids can be profoundly different from those experienced when smoking. Unfortunately, many consumers are unaware of this, which has led to some adverse reactions from people ingesting too much THC. There are three very important things to remember about edibles: they take significantly longer to produce noticeable effects, these effects can last much longer, and the effects can be considerably more intense than those experienced by smoking or vaping. The most abundant
compound in cannabis is tetrahydrocannabinolic acid (THCA). THCA possesses some medicinal properties, but is non-psychoactive. Following heating or exposure to UV light, THCA is decarboxylated to form delta-9-THC (Δ9-THC). Δ9-THC is psychoactive and plays a significant role in producing the high associated with cannabis consumption. During smoking, heat decarboxylates THCA and the newly formed Δ9-THC can be readily absorbed through the lungs. Once Δ9-THC is in the bloodstream, it travels to cannabinoid receptors (CB1
and CB2) to produce various medicinal and psychoactive effects. The effects from smoking are rapid and tend to peak about 10 minutes following inhalation and begin to wear off over the next 30 to 60 minutes. The process for edibles is considerably different. First, cannabinoids are separated from raw cannabis flowers using a variety of extraction techniques (CO2, butane, distillation, cooking oils, etc.). During the extraction process, heat is applied to decarboxylate cannabinoids. The cannabinoid extract, which is now predominately Δ9-THC, is then cooked
or baked into a food product. After ingestion, the edible goes through the digestive tract and the decarboxylated cannabinoids are metabolized in the liver. While in the liver, Δ9-THC is converted into 11-hydroxy-THC (11-OHTHC), which is released into the bloodstream and travels to interact with CB1 and CB2 receptors. 11-OH-THC can cross the blood-brain barrier more easily than Δ9-THC and has been described as 2-10 times more potent than Δ9-THC. For edibles that go through the digestive tract, the onset of the more pronounced effects usually
Figure 1: 'Highness' Over Time: Each consumption method produces different levels and duration of highness. It is important that patients consume edibles with caution to avoid adverse effects.
none since they are lost during the extraction and decarboxylation process. The absence of terpenes also contributes to the different type of "high" most people experience when using edibles versus smoking. Edibles tend to produce more of a body high rather than a cerebral head high; however, this can differ from patient to patient. Unfortunately, some consumers have experienced adverse events with edibles. In almost all cases, the patient ingested too much Δ9-THC and potentially other cannabinoids. Reported effects from over consumption range from lethargy and sleepiness to irritability and disorientation. It is important to give the edible enough time to reach the bloodstream before deciding to consume a second dose. A depiction of the general effects of these consumption methods and the 'highness' effect experienced is provided in Figure 1. Smoking induces a rapid high, which dissipates in a relatively short amount of time. On the other hand, edibles that pass through the stomach take much longer to produce noticeable effects, but this high can last longer and be more intense than smoking. There are many variables that influence how a person responds to edibles. Because each person is different, it is very important to educate consumers. A first-time user of edibles needs to start off with a lower dose to find the minimum dose necessary to achieve the desired effect. Adverse events can be avoided if consumers approach edible dosing with caution and slowly find the appropriate amount to consume.
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take 45 minutes to 2 hours. Since 11-OH-THC more easily passes through the blood brain barrier, effects tend to be more intense and can last anywhere between 3 and 8 hours. Lozenges, tinctures, and sprays are other types of cannabis-infused products typically associated with the term edibles. These products enter the bloodstream through buccal absorption in the mouth and, because they are effectively directly absorbed into the bloodstream, produce similar effects to smoking or vaping. Lozenges, tinctures, and sprays are decarboxylated during production so they contain activated cannabinoids including Δ9THC. During consumption, some of the Δ9-THC is processed through the digestive tract to produce 11-OH-THC, but the majority remains as Δ9-THC. Since most of the cannabinoids do not get metabolized, the effects can be felt faster than edibles that travel through the stomach. The effects of lozenges, tinctures, and sprays can last longer than smoking or vaping, most likely due to the presence of some 11-OH-THC and an extended release effect, introducing cannabinoids into the bloodstream over a much longer period than smoking. Another important consideration when comparing the effects of smoking and edibles is the presence of terpenes. Terpenes are the chemicals that give cannabis its flavors and scents. They also play a critical role in producing strain-specific effects such as making a person feel sleepy, euphoric, hungry, energetic, etc. Cannabis flowers can be rich in terpenes, but edibles contain virtually
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C U LT U R E THE RUCKUS RANT
STEER CLEAR OF THE GREED WITH ROB RUCKUS Hello and welcome to another Ruckus Rant. I'm pretty sure the reason Vegas Cannabis Magazine asked me to start this column is because I'm a VERY outspoken sombitch that usually ALWAYS has something to bitch about. This month though, I'm pretty happy.
With recreational hitting Nevada the floodgates have opened. Patients will have so many more options for safe clean medicines. Companies from all over the world will be bringing their products and education with them. The Marijuana Business Conference last month proved that. So much money and technology is being directed at the marijuana
IF IT'S A CBD PRODUCT, QUESTION WHERE THE HEMP WAS GROWN.
Photography By Ginger Bruner
community right now. It's an amazing thing to see. I look forward to seeing cleaner medicine, better terpene profiles, new ways of extraction, medicating of ALL kinds of foods, plant nutrients and pesticides without cancer causing chemicals, and new ways for patients who can't or won't smoke to medicate. But along with all this money always comes the greed. Be wary of companies old and new. Ask to see lab results and soil data
sheets. If it's a CBD product, question where the hemp was grown. If there is a problem answering your questions, something is probably wrong. Don't support them. Then they will go away or adapt to what Nevada medical marijuana patients deserve, the cleanest, safest, most effective medicine on the planet. The future for cannabis is looking brighter every day. But we must stand vigilant. Greed ruins everything!! And the greed is coming. WE are the ones who support these companies. WE should be the ones they are working for. Where we choose to spend our hard earned money is a choice every single one of us must ponder. Do you want to support people who are actually trying to make other people's lives better, or some asshole with a marijuana company trying to use patients as an ATM? The choice to me is clear, but the decision is YOURS.
reservoirs, and you’re dealing with 2500 gallons. Patient X: Yeah, it’s
definitely on a bigger level. A lot of it has to do with planning ahead. You have to constantly be thinking a couple months ahead. You have to know your schedule, have your plants, and be proactive, staying on top of bugs before you get them. Hopper: I’ve seen you grow
in almost every environment. In the city, out in the desert, on the highest hills in Humboldt, and you’ve succeeded in all elements. What’s your secret? Patient X: Yeah, it just
depends on the situation. Each environment is gonna have different things you have to pay attention to. Hopper: Right, right. Some
TOKIN’ WITH THE INFAMOUS
PATIENT X TALKS LARGE SCALE GROWING WITH HOPPER THE CHRONISSEUR Hopper: Before we get
started, you gotta tell me what we’re smokin’ on right now.
This month I sat down and toked up with a good friend of mine who, in the spirit of anonymity, we’ll just call Patient X. With large scale grow operations throughout California, Patient X works seven days a week growing major quantities of top shelf cannabis for people like you and me. When we ‘grab a sack’ or ‘medicate peacefully’, it’s easy to forget about the blood, sweat, and time that went into it.
Millions of people in the US smoke cannabis, and trust me, it’s not all coming from small closet gardens. So that is why I want to share with you some of my conversation with Patient X about his day to day experience as a large scale grower. He makes it sound easy, but believe me, it is not. Hopper: I’ve seen your
grows here, there, and everywhere. Indoor, outdoor, they’re all massive. You want to let our readers know about all of the work that goes into growing on that level? Most people are mixing 25 gallon
with the clouds or the rain and humidity. In Humboldt we dealt with a lot of rain this year. Hopper: What’s your
favorite strain to grow? You’ve done so many bomb ones. I remember you doing the Ghost OG, when I got you that way back in the day. You did a knock-out job on that. Patient X: I want to do the
old school Ghost OG again, I’m excited about that. The Angel Food Cake, the first time I saw it, I fell in love with it. Hopper: What we’re
smokin’ on now, this Sunset Sherbert you did, is amazing. Hats off, you did a great job. Patient X: Yeah, we did a
few of those this year.
are beneficial, and I can imagine some have to be a pain in the ass.
Hopper: What’s your
Patient X: You can easily
the heavier Indicas. The SFV that we did this year is really great.
get caught up with powdery mildew and molds because of the humidity up in the Humboldt area. Growing in the high desert, you’d never have to deal with that issue because it’s so dry. Hopper: You did light
deprivation out in the desert, right? How did that go, with the extreme heat? Patient X: Yeah. We did
light deps in the desert. The plants love it. I really like growing in the desert. There’s good sun, there’s long days so you can do three runs a year outside - you’ve got your dep, you’ve got full sun, full term; and then you’ve got early spring and winter which you can do with a little bit of supplemental light. You don’t have to deal
favorite strain to smoke on? Patient X: To smoke, I like
Hopper: Oh yeah…it is
Patient X: The Bubba
Cookies I’ve been smoking has a really nutty, Bubba smell to it. I’m really into that one right now. Hopper: Right on, brother.
It was great to see you, as always. Thanks for tokin’ with me, I’ll be up your way soon. Let’s finish up these blunts you brought. Patient X: Yeah, let’s do
Hopper: Absolutely. Shout
out to all the Vegas Cannabis readers, happy holidaze to all! See you next year!
DAB TO THE FUTURE BY REBECKA SNELL
With Prop 2’s recent victory, I am highly interested in what direction the cannabis industry is headed in Las Vegas; more specifically the concentrate culture. I was introduced to the wax world about a year and a half ago at a dispensary in California. At the time all I knew about dabbing was that the process was intimidating, and that I really knew nothing about it. I was uncomfortably high and this deterred my interest for the time being. I allowed my ignorance to pardon any further dabbing until earlier this year when I started working in the cannabis industry. Now, I can honestly say I prefer dabbing wax over smoking flower. Shatter, badder, honeycomb…I love it all. Don’t get me wrong, nothing will ever replace rolling a sticky joint, but the newfound benefits I get out of my high have kept me going back to concentrates. I understand the intimidating illusions to dabbing over other methods of medicating.
New age attachments and heating elements that seem dramatic, easily prevent even seasoned smokers from scooping up a glob and trying something new. Beyond the tools and torches, lies an underutilized and often misunderstood method of medicine intake. There is something about rolling a joint that is therapeutic and mindful. While I appreciate the
can’t afford to eat the entire fridge. Surprisingly with concentrates I have noticed a drastic decrease in my desire to indulge. With more potent terpene profiles and a concentrated high, I assumed this would increase the potency of all side effects as well. But it has been quite the contrary. I can dab all day and not feel the subconscious need to eat. Sometimes I experience what some stoners might consider
BEYOND THE TOOLS AND TORCHES, LIES AN UNDERUTILIZED AND OFTEN MISUNDERSTOOD METHOD OF MEDICINE INTAKE. authenticity of flower, I have grown an appreciation for the difference I feel in a concentrate high versus a bud high. I enjoy the euphoric body high attained from indicas, however, I do not enjoy the award winning munchies that follow. For some people an increase in appetite is nice, but for others we
a lag or hangover from a heavy smoke after puffin’ on flower. A glob of shatter will get me equally as high as a joint yet I won’t feel that gravitational grog as my high wears off. Until recent years dabbing wasn’t even a thing and like flower, there are multiple ways to consume
concentrates. You can go the hybrid method and decorate the top of your flower with honeycomb, or swirl shatter throughout your joint, and have the best of both worlds. The classic torch or e-nail methods are probably the most common amongst connoisseurs. There is also the option to vaporize concentrate and have a low key, user friendly method of medicating without feeling intimidated by rigs and a new realm of glass. With rec life on the horizon, I am excited to see the cannabis culture in Las Vegas flourish. Stoners will one day have places to legally meet without the paranoia of our fragrance lingering. I dream of dab bars and flower girls in lieu of nightclubs and bottle service; places where we can share our speakeasy spirituality. Regardless of what you’re smoking out of, try something new to enhance your high; the proof is in the puff.
ACCOUNTING | TAX | ADVISORY
WAKE UP REFRESHED
Using Cannabis to Induce Healthy Sleep Routines
BY JASON STURTSMAN
I used to believe getting six hours of sleep a night or less meant you were an important person, now I consider it unhealthy and vain of me. After years of this behavior, I experienced memory retrieval problems, which worried me substantially with no apparent solution. By increasing my sleep to eight hours or more a night combined with cannabis, I no longer had the previous memory difficulties I experienced for over a year. When utilizing cannabis to improve sleep, it is very dependent upon the unique requirements of each patient, so my methods may not work for you. Edibles seem to be most effective way for me to experience a long deep sleep, without getting up frequently in the middle of the night. Cannabidiol
(CBD) tends to have a sedating quality to some people, with the opposite experienced by myself. There are many effective cannabis products available at dispensaries for patients such as sublingual Trokies & Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) & CBD capsules that will be very effective in reducing pain and helping them get to sleep. In Colorado, you can find Cannabinol (CBN) pills available, which hopefully we expect to see in Nevada in the near future. CBN is one cannabinoid that has been shown to be extremely
effective along with Cannabichromene (CBC) and cannabigerol (CBG) A cost effective way to treat your insomnia can include making your own edibles at home. My recipe for my daily cannabis “Sleepy Time” pills, include the simple combination of kief and coconut oil cooked for 4-6 hours in a smaller ceramic container within a crock pot, then using a dropper to put the mixture into empty capsules purchased from Whole Foods. A gram of kief to one tablespoon of coconut oil results in ten to fifteen days
MYRCENE HAS A MUSKY, EARTHY, AND CLOVE LIKE AROMA - HIGH AMOUNTS RESULT IN INCREASED SLEEPINESS AND A REDUCTION IN MUSCLE TENSION.
of a non-addictive substitute to sleeping pills (Ambien) and benzodiazepines (Xanax). Indica flower and concentrates can also be used to assist with sleep. Indicas tend to have a strong body high with a quick inducement to sleep in most patients. In Nevada, we always have the ability to look at the testing results and can be assured we are using strains with terpene profiles beneficial to sleep. Myrcene has a musky, earthy, and clove like aroma - high amounts result in increased sleepiness and a reduction in muscle tension. Linalool has a floral aroma and high amounts increase sedation and reduce anxiety. My journey to a better night’s sleep will hopefully give you some ideas that can help you be a more happy and productive individual waking up refreshed each and every day after your beautiful slumber. There are so many options available for patients to purchase cannabis products that will increase the quality of their lives with a non-addictive natural substance that has no negative effects on the body.
ALEX HUERTA BY SHANNON DORN
Shannon: How would you
describe your art?
Alex: My art is organic,
mixed media, urban, truthful and stimulating. Shannon: Who is your
favorite artist worldwide and locally? Alex: Wow! The worldwide
artist is easy, local....holy toledo! Basquiat is my favorite artist. I like his work because of his truthfulness. Visually, he has a childlike feel making some of his work very sophisticated. Locally, I really can't choose just one artist, as I collect many, many, artists works around the Arts District. You know Dray is always one of my favorites, his art always gives me a good feeling. Shannon: What is your
favorite style of art?
Alex: My favorite style of
artwork is truthful. I think I connect most with abstract art visually, it could be the colors or the materials used... it just helps my brain more. Shannon: How does
cannabis inspire your work?
Alex: Cannabis opens up
my brain and it certainly has done that for over twenty years. I am also on dialysis and I use cannabis as a medicine. No doubt that it helps soothe my aches and pains. It also helps me sleep and helps my appetite. As far as inspiration, it can help inspire the subject matter and sometimes I'm not afraid of judgements, it helps me not give a shit! Shannon: How do you
prefer to smoke the ganja? Alex: Well this is my
favorite question of the night! I prefer to get straight to the medicine, so I put the weed in the bowl and light the lighter, old school...that's how I like to smoke. Shannon: What's the first
step you took to be an artist? Alex: My first step was
going to the store to buy art materials. Check out Alex at facebook. com/alexander.p.huerta or you can come visit me at the World Famous Arts Factory inside PeaceNart Studios (107 E. Charleston, Suite 230 (upstairs south wing).
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The Source 9480 S. Eastern Ave Suite 185 Henderson, NV 89123
NEVADA PASSES QUESTION 2 What It Means and Who Benefits
BY ASEEM SAPPAL, MD, PROVOST & DEAN OF FACULTY AT OAKSTERDAM UNIVERSITY
On November 8, Nevada joined the states of Washington, Colorado, Alaska and Oregon—and most recently California, Maine and Massachusetts— in passing adult-use cannabis legislation. With 54.5% of residents voting ‘Yes’ in favor of the Nevada Marijuana Legalization Initiative, also known as Question 2, adult-use cannabis officially became legal in the Silver State. Before the passage of Question 2, it was illegal to possess or consume marijuana in Nevada unless it was for medical purposes. Medical cannabis became legal in the state in 2000. Under the new law, adults who are 21 years old or older may purchase, possess and consume up to 1 ounce or less of cannabis or 1/8 of an ounce or less of concentrated cannabis. Individuals 21 years old or older may also grow up to six marijuana plants for personal use. For those interested in becoming establishments that sell cannabis, the Department of Taxation is authorized to regulate them. Initially, each marijuana establishment must purchase a one-time application fee of $5,000. During the first 18 months of licensing, the only licensing applications accepted will be for cannabis stores, production facilities and cultivation facilities from registered medical marijuana establishments.
Wholesale liquor dealers will also be permitted to apply for marijuana distributor licenses during that same period. Businesses that receive cannabis establishment licenses from the Department of Taxation may also be subject to additional taxes and fees imposed by the state and local governments. The number of cannabis establishments allowed in the state will be determined by county population size. For example, Clark County which has over 700,000 residents, will be allowed up to 80 cannabis retail stores. Other smaller counties such as Carson City and Pershing County—which have populations of less than 55,000—will be allowed up to two stores. In addition, cannabis establishments are prohibited from being within 1,000 feet of a school and 300 feet from a community facility. In addition to licensing, the Department of Taxation is charged with adopting regulations including licensing procedures, licensee qualifications, security of cannabis establishments, testing, labeling and packaging requirements, restrictions on advertising, and civil penalties for regulation violation. Criminal penalties related to the possession, consumption, sale and cultivation of cannabis will
be imposed and include such violations as the following: • Driving while under the influence of cannabis • Knowingly selling or giving cannabis to anyone who is under 21 years’ old • Possessing or using cannabis in state correctional centers • Possessing or using cannabis on school grounds • Undertaking any task while under the influence of cannabis that constitutes negligence or professional malpractice. Question 2 does NOT prevent employers from enforcing cannabis bans for their employees, cannabis bans in public buildings or on private property, and localities from adopting control measures related to zoning and land use for cannabis establishments. The new law also created a 15% excise tax on cannabis sales by cultivation facilities and mandated annual licensing fees ranging from $3,300 to $30,000 depending on the type of license. Revenue from the excise tax as well as revenue from licensing fees and penalties will be collected by the Department of Taxation and will go to the Department of Taxation and local governments to cover the costs of enforcing Question 2 provisions. Remaining
revenue would be deposited in the State Distributive School Account for use by Nevada schools. Benefits of Passing
When cannabis is regulated and taxed, it can be beneficial for many. In addition to potentially generating $60 million in annual tax revenue, regulation will benefit Nevada in several ways including: • Create and support thousands of jobs • Reduce/remove dangerous black market sales • Testing of cannabis to prevent contaminated products from reaching consumers • Proper packaging and labeling so consumers know what they are getting • Reduce/eliminate the number of adults—including the disproportionate number of people of color—from being jailed for possessing or consuming cannabis Question 2 goes into effect on January 1, 2017. Until then Nevada police officers will continue to enforce the current law, which prohibits any non-medical cannabis possession. When retail stores will be up and running under the new law is still unclear. The Department of Taxation has until January 1, 2018, to develop regulations and licensing to allow the stores to operate. Cannabis continues to be a Schedule 1 substance under federal law and how the new United States Attorney General will handle state cannabis laws will remain to be seen for all states, including Nevada.
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COOKING WITH CANNABIS WITH CHEF FRED
Every year I celebrate the holidays with friends and family. I enjoy cooking for two sets of people during the holidays. My kids and family and also my friends that like medicated gourmet cuisine. I had a few family members fighting at Standing Rock Indian Reservation in North Dakota, for our rights with the water of our land. All food and life come from water and the indigenous people of North America are fighting for our rights to not lose control over our lands and resources to oil corporations. This is a civil rights violation. This meal and article is dedicated to all the WATER PROTECTORâ€™S and their families. You are my heroes. Thank you for fighting for our rights.
This year I injected the medicated turkey and named it Phoenix Turkey. I medicated the recipe with 10,200MG of organic fractionally distilled cannabis oil testing in at 85% THC and 3% CBD. This spicy bird and meal will keep you painless into the 2017 New Year. This year there were ten adults that consumed every last morsel. Yes, 1,020 MG THC PER PERSON. Happy Holidays! Please come and check me out in my booth at The Emerald Cup, in Sonoma CA Dec. 10-11, 2016. I am launching my new medicated edibles and synergy topical line.
Phoenix Turkey - A Little Fire on the Table Medicated Phoenix Turkey
Unmedicated Holiday Turkey Ingredients:
1 (24 pound) whole turkey, neck and giblets removed Â˝ cup butter, melted 2 large onions, peeled and chopped 4 carrots, peeled and chopped 2 T cumin 2 T chili powder 4 stalks celery, chopped 2 sprigs fresh thyme 1 bay leaf 1 cup dry white wine
1 1/2 cup (240 mL) chicken broth 1/4 cup (60 mL) Louisiana hot sauce 3 T (45 mL) Worcestershire sauce 1 T (15 mL) garlic powder 1 T (15 mL) cayenne pepper 2 t (10 mL) salt 4 grams Fractionally Distilled Cannabis Oil heated in 4 T MCT oil, mix until blended
Preheat oven to 350 degrees F (175 degrees C) and thoroughly rinse turkey.
Combine all ingredients and heat to a simmer then let cool.
Brush the turkey with 1/2 the melted butter. Place breast side up on a roasting rack in a shallow roasting pan.
Stuff the turkey cavity with 1 onion, 1/2 the carrots, 1/2 the celery, 1 sprig of thyme, and the bay leaf. Scatter the remaining vegetables and thyme around the bottom of the roasting pan, and cover with the white wine. Roast covered 4 to 5 1/2 hours in the preheated oven, until the internal temperature of the thigh reaches 180 degrees F (85 degrees C). Allow the bird to stand about 30 minutes before carving.
Inject the Phoenix Turkey and smear all remaining sauce all over the bird. The injectors are basically a hypodermic needle with a large gauge needle. Use this syringe to inject small amounts (about 3 teaspoons per location) of sauce into the thick parts of the Phoenix Turkey before cooking.
Side Dishes Medicated Yukon Gold Roasted Garlic Mashed Potatoes Ingredients: 5 lb. Yukon Gold potatoes 1 lb. butter 1 roasted and macerated whole peeled garlic bunch Sea salt/pepper to taste 5 grams fractionally distilled cannabis oil
Bacon Almond Brown Sugar Green Beans Ingredients: 2 lb. cleaned Blue Lake green beans 1 lb. smoked & cured bacon, diced 1 red onion, halved then slivered 1 red bell pepper, julienned 1 cup brown sugar 1 cup whiskey ¼ cup toasted almonds 2 T crushed garlic ¼ lb. butter infused With 3 grams fractionally distilled cannabis oil
Boil potatoes until tender and drain. In the same pot, melt the butter and add the garlic and cannabis oil.
Blanch and ice bath green beans.
Once all is incorporated into the butter, add the potatoes back to the pot and whip until light and fluffy.
In a large sauté pan, begin heating bacon and start browning. As the first grease gathers, drain then add onions and bell pepper. Once cooked, add green beans, garlic, and almonds and let sauté 3 minutes. Add brown sugar, when it starts to melt, add whiskey and let flambé. FIRE IN THE HOLE: Add butter THC mixture, mixing completely and serve.
Inside Moondoggie's Bar 11:00 am - 3:00 am 702-243-6277 3240 S Arville ST, Las Vegas, NV 89102
We make the dough, the sauce, the sausage, meatballs and dressings daily from fresh ingredients for you!
Naked City Pizza - Paradise 11:00 am - 3:00 am 702-722-2241 4608 Paradise Road, Las Vegas, NV 89169
1/4 SHEET + 1 TOPPING 10 WINGS FRIED ZEPPOLES 2 CANS SODA
Valid at either Naked City Pizza Shop Location. Offer Expires 12/31/16
ADVERTISE WITH US, HERE OR ONLINE. VISIT 702VCM.COM Email email@example.com for more information.
CHEMICALS, FERTILIZERS,Â GROWING SUPPLIES AND TECHNICAL SERVICE FOR THE PROFESSIONAL GROWER.
Contact our Territory Managers Bill Heaslip 702 305 2656 Jack Towers 702 591 1127
7020 W Warm Springs Rd Ste #140, Las Vegas, NV 89113 Office - 702 485 6885 Website - cpsagu.com
RESOURCES Dr. Green Relief:
ACCOUNTING K&H Consulting:
(702) 850-2868, 8565 S. Eastern Ave, Ste 150, Las Vegas, NV 89123, Accounting, tax & business advisory solutions.
ATTORNEYS Amanda Connor:
Connor & Connor PLLC, provides legal services to medical marijuana patients and medical marijuana businesses, 2450 St. Rose Pkwy, Ste 120 A, Henderson, NV, (702) 750-9139, connorpllc.com Christopher Tilman:
Tilman Law Office, 1211 S. Maryland Pkwy, (702) 214-4214, christophertilman.com Mark R. Smith, Esq:
Law Offices of Mark R. Smith, 8565 S. Eastern Ave. #150 (702) 518-7625, MarkRSmithLaw.com Jaccarino Law Firm:
Martina L. Jaccarino Esq, (702) 287-0095, 871 Coronado Center Dr, #200, Henderson, NV 89052
DOCTORS Getting Legal:
No medical records required, 99% approval rate, 2619 W. Charleston Blvd, #100, Las Vegas, NV 89102, (702) 9799999, gettinglegal.com
Affordable evaluations, 7200 Smoke Ranch Rd, #120 (702) 707-2414, drgreenrelief. com Ultimate â€œUâ€? Medical:
Medical recommendations and renewals, 8660 Spring Mountain Road, Suite 101, (702) 353-9777, ultimateumedical.com
Unconventional Foundation For Autism:
College cannabis awareness network, ScorpionsCAN.com.
$199 all inclusive, (702) 420-3825, 3131 La Canada, Ste. 110 lasvegasmedicalmarijuana. com Cohen Medical Center:
(702) 564-6420, 3650 S. Decatur Blvd, #23 Well Docs:
(702) 738-5653, welldocs.co Goldsmith Healthcare Ltd: 5375 S. Ft. Apache, (702)
EDUCATION Oaksterdam University:
Coming soon to Las Vegas, www.oaksterdamuniversity. com, (510) 251-1544. Nurse Juhlzie:
Certified cannabis registered nurse providing nursingbased information and educational services for patients, organizations, medical professionals (406)748-2624, asknursejuhlzie.com.
Digipath Labs: (702) 209-
2429, firstname.lastname@example.org, digipathlabs.com.
New Heights Laboratory:
Sun Valley Certification Clinic:
2550 S. Rainbow, #12, Las Vegas, NV 89146, (702) 4202205, svmmjcc.com
Resources for special needs families, (714) 805-8342, UF4A.org
(702) 879-8698, newheightslaboratory.com. Ace Analytical:
Professional cultivation education, also provides in home grow consultations for professionals, (702) 606-9059, medigrownv. com Best Hydroponic Supply:
6818 W. Cheyenne Ave, (702) 750-9300, besthydroponicsupply.com. Sin City Hydroponics:
2570 Duneville St #103 (702) 910-2752, sincityhydrocompany.com. AAA Hydroponics:
2 W. Charleston, Las Vegas NV, 89102, (702) 450-4769, vegasindoorgarden.com Crop Production Services:
7020 W. Warm Springs Rd, #140, Las Vegas, NV 89113, (702) 485-6885, cpsagu.com
Trim Ready: 702-658-9333,
CULTIVATION & PRODUCTION Green Therapeutics:
Green Life Productions:
greenlifeproduction.com Evergreen Organix:
evergreenorganix.com Bam Marijuana:
bammarijuana.com Silver State Trading:
silverstatetrading.com Icon Cannabis:
iconcannabis.com The Cannavative Group:
kynd.com Gardens of Weeden:
High Standard LLC:
highstandardllc.com Farmers Insurance, The Venuto Agency: (702)
458-1475, 7965 S. Rainbow Blvd, #100, email@example.com, vFi1.com
High Sierra Holistics hshnevada.com Moxie moxie710.com Giddy Up Extracts giddyuphash.com
FELLOWSHIP Cannabis Chapel:
Non-denominational, sharing sessions on various Sundays at 4pm, 827 Las Vegas Blvd. South, Ste. A, CannabisChapelLV.com.
PHOTOGRAPHY Dope Foto:
(702) 970-9444, firstname.lastname@example.org, dopefoto.com
INDUSTRY ORGANIZATIONS Las Vegas Medical Marijuana Association:
A chamber of commerce for medical marijuana, We include dispensary owners, production facilities, cultivators, labs and various companies. LVMMA.org
SECURITY Diversified Protection Systems:
702-307-3473, dpsi.biz, full service fire protection, security and service and CO2 systems.
PATIENT SUPPORT WECAN: Wellness
Education Cannabis Advocates of Nevada, Free to join and provides a platform for people to post and discuss ideas in a controlled environment, WeCan702.org, facebook.com/wecan702 meetup.com/wecan702, Patient To Patient Group:
A safe place to meet fellow patients & build lasting friendships, monthly potluck & other events meetup.com/ Patient-to-Patient Las Vegas Cannabis Events Group: Events,
festivals, and get togethers for those passionate about cannabis, meetup.com/ LasVegasCannabisEvents Compassion Nevada Consulting: Assistance with
obtaining a Nevada medical marijuana card, 2800 S. Highland Dr (702) 506-6379. Nevada Medical Marijuana Program: For
information about obtaining your Nevada Medical Marijuana card visit health.nv.gov/ medicalmarijuana.htm HIV/AIDS Health Education: Golden Rainbow
offers monthly health education and risk reduction workshops for persons living with HIV/AIDS. Emergency Housing and Financial Support also available. Call 702-384-2899 or visit www. goldenrainbow.org.
FIND US IN NEVADA DISPENSARIES Evergreen Organix top selling strains:
Silver Surfer Em-Dog Tangie Candyland Girl Scout Cookies
S E V I G X I N A G EVERGREEN OR H SUPPLY T N O M A H T I W K BAC ! S R A E T X I N E O OF RSO-PH
ts to share their story of how ien pat ing ask are we y, nit mu com r ou â€œIn the spirit of giving and helping life.â€? medical cannabis has changed their Tears. e a month supply of our RSO-Phoenix eiv rec to 16 20 31, r be cem De ed ect Several patients will be sel . a medical marijuana card is needed vad Ne a if n tio lua eva al dic me a e nat Getting Legal will do ix.com with subject line: RSO story Write to us at info@evergreenorgan
December 2016 Issue #27