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Waterloo, Ontario


27 jiinuary


FCtcclub contestecf Administration and faculty nade it clear over the weekend .hat they definitely feel their own Ilush comfort comes before the leeds of the community. On friday night, in response to a special issue of the Chevron invitng the community to come to the opening of a building their tax noney pays for, the administraion placed the kampus kops on the loor to turn away the few Kitchentr-Waterloo people who showed ‘Pm The student contingent had a lifferent reception. Arriving beore nine p.m., about fifty students mmediately declared their intenions by changing the sign in front If the faculty club. They taped in center” ,he words “community ind after overwhelming the token wesistance of the kampus kops at ,he door, they proceeded inside. Almost as soon as the building iberators were inside, the adminstrators’ enforcers tore down :he students’ sign. Meanwhile, the community projonents were. quickly confronted )y irate club officials. The attitude of the faculty, was presented by the few who condestended to rap with the students. Professor Stone of the english jept. stated “I need this club so I :an have a special place to meet ;he people whom I choose. A supportative view was expressed by Paul Condon who wants a place with a church club setting but also a bar. This noted publicist from the phys. ed. dept. also said he will meet students in the classroom. Saturday afternoon the building was left undefended and about two dozen people from the community came to look around, talk to the student guides and have a cup of coffee. Those who did come from the community agreed that the university did little to serve the interests of the majority while doing major support work for the business community. Many who came brought their children and expressed their full

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support for the establishment of the day-care center that had been advertised in the community issue of the Chevron. Marie Kennedy, coordinator of the day-care center project, said in a Saturday night interview: “It has become obvious over the weekend that there is a pressing need for a day-care center. Many faculty and community wives present at the opening expressed keen interest in the project although a location satisfactory to all concerned has not, been found. Organization will continue and we hope to be able to open a day care center in the near future. If anyone is interested in helping organization or using the day-care center, Dlease call 576-6666. ” a Except for attempts by Carl Totzke to trip students passing by him and a swing at an unidentified person when students reappeared on Saturday, the activity went on without incident. Some faculty members spent friday cornered in discussions with students trying to find out why they’d been picked on for the symbolic gesture. But most headed for the members only bar and ignored the other activities.

The federation of students, presently working on booking the “Moody Blues” for a concert February 28 is running into difficulty because that is the date of the OQAA Basketball finals. If the Warriors place first in the league the finals will be played in our gym, leaving the federation with no concert auditorium. Larry Burke, who will be running the concert figured that if we can’t hold the concert on campus there is little chance that we can have the concert at all. “The cost involved in holding it anywhere ‘else is too great,” he said, “and its unfortunate that this is the only date that the Moody Blues are available. ”

and once we get the day care center going, we can serve from the bar and free hot lunches from the kitchen,”

“Students know their place in my athletic building. If you ever tried to liberate it, I’d have . you bounced out. You’ve got to learn to respect private property and elite privilege.”

Power Integrated Studies took what may be the first steps toward establishing student control of the unit. At its meeting last thursday, resolutions concerning the structure of IS, degrees for IS students, and visiting professors were passed. Considerable debate centred on how decisions were to be reached at the meeting and how the meeting was to operate. Myles Gene& suggested that any decisions should be made by a consensus of the members at the meeting. Objections were raised as to the efficiency of seeking a consensus. “What is a consensus?” asked Daphne Kelgard, secretary. “If you begin setting definite numbers such as 2/3rds or 80 percent, you’re really not any better off than with simple majority votes, since one vote can still make the difference. “You must have a way to determine how the members actually feel on any given issue.” It was eventually decided that the meeting would be run using the standard “Robert’s Rules” as a guideline, under which a simple majority is required to carry a motion. As well, the meeting decided that a quorum at any general meeting would be fifteen members of IS which would include students, faculty, and staff. The number was set4 at fifteen despite some opposition, since previous meetings had attracted only 20-25 members. It was suggested that members not in attendance could be mailed ballots. Janice Williams said that “things must be done now and mailing ballots to people too disinterested to attend wouldonly slow things down.” To induce greater interest, it was decided to notify all members

shuffle on the agenda for each meeting at xleast one week in advance. Ross Bell put forward a three-part motion to define a management committee for integrated studies. He proposed that the committee be composed of six members of which at least four would be students; that any decisions it made would be ratified by the membership at large; and that if any matters relating to the unit tiere to be presented to the administration, they would be presented by two members of the management committee, at least one of whom would be a student. All three parts were carried, with little discussion, other than to. the wording of the motion. Charlotte von Bezold questioned whether it would “all be just on Paper” with the committee having no real decision-making powers. While it was conceded that such might be the case, the group agreed that this type of structure was a minimum requirement. The meeting then voted to dissolve the existing management committee, which had never met, and to elect a new one. Bell, WilIiams, Jim Chorney, Andy Tamas, Steve Naylor, all students, and Keith Rowe, a resource person, were elected to the new committee. The meeting then concerned itself with the granting of degrees to IS students. A committee was formed to explore this area. It would make recommendations based on suggestions contained in briefs presented to it _by other students, faculty, and administration and would report, regularly to the management committee before presenting a final in the first week of march. Geoff Moir, Genest, and Cam Killoran were elect-

in IS ed to head the committee. The meeting then proceeded to consider visiting professors for the winter term. Several profs had already been presented to the administration, but no decisions had been made. The members felt that each of those briefs should be considered on their individual merit and that the reasons for rejecting any one should be made known to them. Singled out was a brief recommending a number of people for a seminar on women’s liberation. Fear was expressed that if any of the proposed persons were rejected, the seminar would lose much of its impact. Kelgard, who is helping to organize the seminar, said that the administration should arrange for equally competent _ substitutes for any people it found unacceptable. A motion was then passed giving the management committee the responsibility for securing from the administration a policy-statement on visiting profs by friday , january 30. There was also a proposal that a lump sum budget be sought for IS. This would enable the unit to set definite plans for allocating funds for resource people, visiting profs, and course aids. The last piece of business was admissions procedure for next year. It was decided that the management committee would set up a sub-committee to study procedures and criteria for selecting new members, and would report back to the general membership by the first week of march. Chorney, who chaired the meeting summed up the general feeling of the members with “It’s been a good meeting people. ”

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Carleton stud council self out of existence OTTAWA (CUP)-The remnants of Carleton University student council decided to remain in business Wednesday despite a student mandate to dissolve itself. During a two-day referendum january 19 and 20 students voted 744 to 457 to abolish the council and replace it with two new bodies: one controlling services, and one taking charge of “Political” functions of student government. But the referendum turn-out only amounted to 19 percent of the full-time student population of Carleton-less than the one-third of Carleton’s 6,200 students necessary to make the decision binding. The proposal to split the duties of the councilconsigning service functions to a five-man board of directors, and political functions to a “grand council” composed of student representatives to the university’s decision-making bodies-was originally forwarded by members of the student council executive january 6. At the same time they made the proposal, seven members of the eight-man executive resigned.


Wednesday, the remains of the council rejected a proposal by former student council president Lorenz Schmidt asking that the council dissolve itself anyway, even though members were not bound by the referendum results. “A valid political comment to draw out of the referendum is that a majority .of the people who bothered to bate think changes are necessary,” Schmidt said. “I think this council should recognize that fact-and act accordingly.” The councillors voted 7-l to defeat the motion. “You want us to dissolve ourselves so your dream child will come through,” arts representative Dave Egan told Schmidt. “but right now we don’t have enough participation. Let’s wait until we get people at Carleton who will make this sort of change possible.” The council appointed Brian Hamilton, former finance commissioner, as interim president of the group: five other executive positions left vacant by the january 6 resignations will not be filled until new council elections take place february 16.

uproar in sot 272 class In the beginning was the class, except . . . . . it wasn’t. A normal class, that is. This nonnormal class took the place of a course in social psychology usually taught by Ron Lambert in AL 116 at 3: 00 on Thursday. The people in the class were there (all 374 of them) waiting for the entertainment to begin. Lambert was there. The lecture wasn’t. But Oscar was. Oscar was a freak, a stoned freak. The class opened fairly normally with Lambert introducing Oscar as someone living on a communal farm, come to talk about what living in a commune is like. Lambert’s introduction ended leaving Oscar to take over. Which he did, grooving on the microphone -creating out-of-sight sounds for those who were with it,-and emitting the occasional grunt.

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That was the end of Oscar’s verbal communication thus placing the responsibility for initiating any discussion or activity on the class itself. Which surprisingly enough they did, with one member of the class going down to sit at the front of the lecture hall claiming, ’ ’ It is much friendlier down here.” She was followed by groups of twos and threes until about thirty formed a circle sitting on the floor. When challenged on why they had gone down, Betsy Crapo responded saying : “We all know that the structure of the classroom is oppressive. We sit in rows of unmoveable seats looking down at the stage where a professor stands facing us. The actual physical set-up of the classroom creates a dichotomy between students and professors, and also between students themselves. During an ordinary class, students listen or talk, but only to the professor. They get little chance to talk to each other. Down here we can talk to one another. And we can see more people, more faces than you can sitting up there. By this time several different things were going on in the class. The people at the front had increased. to about fifty and had formed three groups. One was located around Lambert who was lecturing in his usual manner. Oscar was circulating around the classroom, not talking to anyone.

An intermission of about 10 minutes of somewhat uncomfortable silence followed, interruptmovements ed only by Oscar’s and the departure of one member from the class. By this point the tension had reached the stage where it could no longer be tolerated by people accustomed to the continual presence of noise no matter how inane. “What’s it like to live in a commune. ’ ’ “No one owns anything,” was Oscars comment. When asked for more information he mumbled, “It’s all vibrations man! ” A







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About a third of the class had left due probably to a feeling of lack of involvement in what was happening or thinking that such hippy-feelie stuff was a waste of time. The remaining people were sitting in small groups talking amongst themselves. The situation remained much the same to the end of the class. It is interesting to look at what was supposed to happen, what did happen and what is to ilappen next. It appeared that ,what was attempted was a 374people T-group. However, this was impossible with such a large group and resulted in the lack of involvement of a significant part of the class. The value of such an activity can also be questioned; that what happened happened in an artificial setting; the discussion was in a subtle way imposed and would not be continued after class. What did happen was ’ that people were talking to each other and were learning something about inter-personal relations first hand. Perhaps most important was the fact that the classroom structure was quite visibly broken down. And this breakdown was followed, for many, by meaningful communication. The most important part is not what happened at this lecture but what happens at the next. What happened here is only valuable insofar as it is continued and enlarged. $3

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French instruction Iat u of’0 favoured OTTAWA (CUP)-Social scionce students at the University If Ottawa turned thumbs down In bilingualism thursday and gave moral support to a student council bid for priority frenchlanguage instruction in their Faculty. Only 13 per cent of the U of 0 students favored the retention Df current bilingual instruction in an unofficial referendum called by the social sciences student council after U of 0 administrators rejected demands for more french and less englishanuage priority in the faculty. Although none of the options -eceived a clear majority, 34 perzent of the 350 social science students voted for french unilwhile 51 per cent ngualism, Favored either of the two systems For priority french. Although less than 15 per cent of the students ‘in the U of 0 faculty are anglophones, many of the courses in the faculty are in english, and a few professors cannot teach in french. French-speaking students said after the vote that results are not anti-english, but an attempt to cqrrect abnormal situations where english courses are out of 311 proportion to the number of anglophones in the faculty. In one department, they said, all but two of the 25 courses are offered in english only. Student councillor Gylliane Gervaise said thursday the combined vote for unilingualism

and priority-frendh was “strong backing for the council’s policy. ” She said the student council will call a general assembly of the social sciences faculty to decide on the next course of action. Many anglophone students in the faculty, however, said they would leave the faculty if a unilingual policy is accepted by the U of 0 adminiStration. “They’re only cutting their own throats,” said one student. “where will they go after graduation with nothing but french in their education?” Others were confident the student council demands would not be accepted by the U of 0 senate. The University of Ottawa’s purported bilingualism has come under attack from other sources : december 8, 1969, U of 0 student council president Allan Rock said the two-languages policy at the 4,500 student campus was a “failure,” and agreed with charges in a Quebec newspaper that the policy is a “disguised road to assimilation.” The article in the provincewide weekly, Quebec-Presse, said the university’s two-language policy hides the process of assimilation of french-speaking students, and called on the education department to establish a Hull branch of the University de Quebec to serve french people in western Quebec.



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Foreigners' fees hiked MONTREAL (CUP)-Foreign stu$ents attending McGill and other Quebec universities will have to pay higher fees then Canadians, if administrators accept a suggestion forwarded by McGill’s faculty of medicine. The proposal, passed last week at a faculty meeting, suggests that McGill contact other Quebec universities to raise fees for non-Canadians. The move would need approval from the McGill senate and board of governors. Maurice McGregor, dean of medicine, said the proposal was made to take the expense of educating foreign students off the Quebec taxpayer. Students from “a rich neighboring country,” are encouraged

to apply to quebec universities by comparatively lower fees, he said. The universities could increase bursaries to students from third world countries, McGregor said, so they would not be affected by the move. Administration vicepresident Stanley Frost said the faculty proposal would -open the university to charges of anti-americanism, as well as barring students from third world countries. The proposal is a “completely unacceptable display of petty nationalism, ” according to McGill students society president Julius Grey, who added the plan, if accepted, “could destroy the university.”

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Muc SCaids Huggur HAMILTON (CUP)-The student council at McMaster University Wednesday agreed to prod the Ontario human rights commission into issuing a three month-overdue report into the case of political scientist George Haggar. Haggar laid charges with the commission last September against five Ontario universities, charging that they refused to hire him because of his proarab, pro-socialist beliefs. The commission promised to issue a report on Haggar’s charges by October, 1969: so far, no report has been released. “It is important that the commission make known its findings in this case,” arts representative Jack Montieth told the McMaster council. “The McMaster student union should express its desire to see justice done.” The council will present a petition to the human rights commission, asking the body if it has come to any decision over Haggar’s charges. -Haggar said Waterloo Luth-

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an University, Lakehead University, York University, Seneca College of applied arts and technology and King’s college (an affiliate of the University of Western Ontario), all refused him employment because of his political beliefs. All the have denied the universities charges. Haggar taught at Lutheran from 1965 to 1967, when his contract was not renewed because, according to then-acting administration president Henry Endress : “Through numerous than-’ nels, you have made it very clear that you are not happy with the philosophy, operation and personnel (at Lutheran). ” In january 1968 the Canadian association of university teachers investigated the case and found that the university had acted legally in terminating Haggar’s contract because it contained a clause forbidding teachers “to attack or in any the Christian way disparage religion. “-

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You may have read about St. John’s in WEEKEND, or seen CBC’s penetrating documentary on this unique Winnipeg school, where encouragement to think comes first; where students (and teachers) learn to snowshoe up to 50 miles or paddle canoes up to 18 hours a day, retracing,’ routes of the early explorers; where building men of character is the motivating challenge of a hearty staff. Now a second St. John’s has been established in Edmonton, and others will be opened across Canada to meet continent-wide applications for admission. To do this we need men of immense vision and courage. They should have at least one year of university, and be prepared to complete their degrees under ComPanY direction; they should be prepared to work up to 80 hours a week, sometimes more, for a salary of $1 a day plus food, clothing, shelter and necessities for themselves and their families; they should like people, be able to think logically, use the English language effectively, laugh easily. They need not be Anglicans, but should be prepared to examine the Christian faith and reach honest conclusions.


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The Waterloo basketball athenas defeat of the season being downed 50-40 by the Windsor lancerettes on Saturday. The athenas played one of their better games of the season despite the final score. The two teams were evenly matched everywhere in the game except on shooting. The Windsor girls hit 19 of 49 shots from the floor while Waterloo managed only 16 of 66, attempts. The shooting gap was most obvious in the second quarter when Waterloo sank three of eighteen and Windsor five of seven. Waterloo started to move fast from the first whistle and jumped to an early 16-13 first quarter lead. MaryAnn Gaskin paced the athenas in the quarter by driving under the basket for six points. The lancerette hot shooting in the second quarter put the athenas down 26-24 at the half.

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BoIger stars at Guelph The Waterloo wrestling team took fifteen members to the Guelph invitational tournament last Saturday, winning 34 of their 58 matches. Ten of the warriors placed in the tourney, as follows:

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2 Jim Hall 4-l John Burry 4 4-l 4 3-l Bill Hederson 1 Pat Bolger 5-o 5 3-2 Dave Finnie 4 Bruce Gribbon 2-2 4 Fred Scheel 2-l-l 5-l George Saunders 2 2 Brian Westell 3-l 4 2-2 Craig Telfer Those ten wrestlers recorded 33 of the warriors’ 34 victories. Twenty-three of the victories were by pins for the Waterloo grapplers, who suffered only twelve pins in their 22 losses. The meet featured top competition from both Canadian and american universities, matches In their sixteen with americans, the warriors won seven and lost nine-five of their losses to wrestlers who placed first in their divisions. the Most outstanding for warriors on Saturday was Pat Canadian Bolger , defending

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The third quarter was a repeat of the second as Windsor outscored Waterloo 13-5 and Waterloo switched to a full court press in an attempt to steal the ball and close the gap. The gyble did not pay off however as Windsor’s strong and accurate passing made it difficult for Waterloo to intercept. Windsor managed to run out the clock and take the game 50-40. This win for the lancerettes puts them in a first place tie with the athenas and the absence of any major upsets will leave the two teams sharing first place going into the final tournament. Patty Bland led the athenas with 10 points while Windsor was paced by Cookie Leach with 17. The athenas are at home tonight as they host the girls from York. In their last meeting with York, Waterloo won 56-17. Game time is 7 : 30 pm.

judo and wrestling champ. Bolger , who has been injured all season, went into Saturday’s meet with a bad knee, which forced him to alter his wrestling style to protect it. This lengthened his unbeaten string to twelve with ten victories (seven on pins) and two draws. Bolger began his wrestling career under his father, high school coach in Westloren, Ontario. He attended the university of Oklahoma and placed third in the “Big Eight” last year at 137 pounds, the weight at which he represented Canada in the Olympics at Mexico. Warrior coach Ed De Armon has great praise for Pat, both as a terrific person and as the best wrestler he has ever coached. De Armon says Bolger is the hardest working of the warriors and is determined to become the best in his field of judo and wrestling. The warriors have two meets this weekend. They wrestle Fredonia here at 6 pm friday before the basketball game and travel to Queen’s on saturday for a triangular meet with Queen’s and McGill.



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Loyola University of Montreal continues to roll along at the expense of other intercollegiate teams. The latest victim was the University of Waterloo who lost a hard fought contest to their namesakes by a score of -.-. s-3.

Loyola, who must be considered to be a top C.I.A.U. contender, displayed top form in downing the warriors. Led by high scoring forwards Mike Lowe and Chris Hayes, Loyola outhustled and outskated the warriors, forcing them to make costly mistakes. Lowe, who was the top draft choice of the St. Louis Blues last year, led the scoring with two goals, including the winner at 1: 36 of the third period. Defenceman John Donnelly contributed a goal and an assist and played a very strong game. His ability to clear the puck out of the Loyola end quickly was a key factor to the effectiveness of the fast breaking Lowe and Hayes. Loyola’s defence is probably the best the warriors have encountered all year. Generally the game was fast skating and exciting. Loyola continuously frustrated Waterloo with close forechecking and precision short passing, made most effective by strong ’ positional play. Waterloo also showed good form but was not nearly as consistent as Loyola. Loyola, who scored after only 20 seconds of the first period, dominated most of the early part of the game. Only the fine work of goalie Ian Scott kept Waterloo in contention. Waterloo looked like the team of old in the second period by scoring the only goal and controlling much of the play. In the third and decisive period Waterloo began to tire. Loyola’s consistency paid off with two picture goals and enabled them to coast to victory. In addition to the scoring by Lowe and Donnelly, goals from Bruce Wickham and Larry Carriere ensured Loyola’s victory. Waterloo’s scoring was spread among Ken Laidlaw,

Ian McKegney and a perfect break through the georgian degoal by Rick Bacon. fence. In playing a team of Loyola’s 1 Defenseman Phil Branston calibre, faculty Waterloo play cleverly alternated his points was very conspicuous in at shooting from high to low shots least two areas. The inability to thoroughly confuse the georgof the defence to properly feed ians throughout the game. the fast breaking forwards not The warriors, who took 7 out only eliminated an effective of 12 penalties 9 sustained offense but enabled Loyola’s several minor injuries but reforecheckers to have many good covered and felt no pain by the scoring opportunities. next day. A previous injury to However, when the forwards Pete Paleczney gave much did manage to break in over icetime to Mike Martin who Loyola’s blueline their passing played well and scored the plays were broken up by a winning goal. strong defence. Had the warIt is incredible that Sir riors forechecking been more George Williams would play : a efficient, shooting the puck into? team of Waterloo’s calibre the Loyola’s end and going in after night before a key league game. it probably would have producTheir victory over R.M.C. the ed better results. next afternoon can be considerLoyola has a reputation ed to be more luck than good for being a big aggressive management. team but it was the warriors LOOSE PUCKS: who displayed most of the rough The trip down to Montreal play. Bill Hogan squared off was freezing as the heating with Loyola’s Danny McCann system of the bus malfunctionearly in the game and, both ed . . . Cornell University, curplayers were ejected. rently rated No. 1 in the NCAA, Chippy play continued throughdefeated the U of T blues 2-l in out and resulted in many flareToronto sat. night. . . Loyola ups, the most notable of which outshot thewarriors 33-27. saw Cam Crosby and Danny SCORING VERSUS LOYOLA O’Connor each draw double FIRST PERIOD roughing penalties. 1 - Loyola; Wickham 0:20 The encounter with Sir George (Hutton, Thomassin) Williams the night before saw 2 - Loyola; Carriere 7:15 Waterloo play a sloppy game (Doyle) but emerge with an easy 7-4 3 - Waterloo; Laidlaw 7~29 victory over their weaker hosts. (Branston) Greg Sephton gave the war4 - Loyola; Lowe 16:34 riors a 1-O lead but the geor(Donnelly) gians stormed back early in the second to score two goals by Penalties ; the 28 second mark. Water(L) McCann 5:35 loo replied with a three goal out(L) McCann 5:35 burst midway through the stanza (W) Hogan 5:35 and assumed a commanding (W) Scott 6:06 lead. Sir George narrowed the (L) O’Connor 17:50 count to 4-3 going into the third (W) Crosby 17:50 but another three goal flurry 5 - Waterloo; McKegney 18:i8 by Waterloo put the game (Crosby, Rudge) beyond reach. Penalties ; Bob Reade and Phil Brans(L) Carriere 5:33 ton each scored twice while (W) Bacon 9f27 singles went to Cam Crosby (L) Carriere 12:53. and Mike Martin. The georgians finished second 6 - Loyola; Lowe to Toronto in last years C.I.A.U. (Carriere, Sunstrum) finals but have a much weaker 7 - Loyola; Donnelly 13:36 team this season. The shots on (Hayes, Doyle) goal, which were 43-20 in favor 8 - Waterloo; Bacon 17:oo (MC Kegney. Kropf) of Waterloo, reflected the ease with which the warriors could Penalties; none.

The warrior basketballers seemed to come of age last Saturday night in Windsor. Playing with 8 rookies on a 12 man team, they had been troubled throughout the season in the last tense moments of games when inexperience was leaving them flustered. Not so on Saturday. The warriors came from ten points down with five and a half minutes to go to pull out a two point victory over the lancers 86-84. The last two- minutes saw the lead change hands three times but two key baskets by Tom Kieswetter and one by Jaan Laaniste won the game for the warriors. The warriors began the game well and built up a twelve point lead at the end of the first quarter. They led 31-21 with six minutes to go in the half but the lancers slowly whittled away at the lead and went ahead 42-41 at the half. Jaan Laaniste got 12 points in the first half to go with seven by Tom Kieswetter and six from Walt Lozynsky and Paul Bilewicz. The key to the warriors’ strong first quarter was rebounding. Lozynsky, Bilewicz and Bill Hamilton had outstanding control of the boards and kept them until Bilewicz took two fouls and rested for the second quarter. Lancers pulled away in the second half behind GUY Delaire and Jack Orange until they led 73-63 with 5: 44 to go in the game. The warriors moved to within two points, 78-76, with 2:48 left. The comeback was helped by the foul shooting of Laaniste and Bilewicz who totalled 10 points between them from the line in the second half. Waterloo took the lead for the first time in the second half, 81-80, with 1: 43 to go on a long jump shot by Kieswetter. The shot was hardly a percentage shot but was helped by a midcourse correction by a lancer finger. The warrior press, used often in the game, got the ball back but lost it on an attempted freeze and Windsor went ahead 82-81. A driving lay-up by Kieswetter and a foul shot by Hamilton set


the stage for the clinching sleeper play from Lozynsky to Laaniste. There were several interesting aspects to this game. It was the first time the warriors have ever beaten Windsor on their floor. It was the second straight loss this year for the lancers at home after they had won their previous 50 home games. Lancer coach Paul Thomas made a rather questionable coaching move when they had a ten point lead. He took out Delaire who has led the team and never used him again until the warriors had taken the lead. After the game Delaire said he didn’t know why he was replaced. Tom Kieswetter was exceptional in probably his best game of the year. He controlled the speed of the play and managed to keep the team cool in the last anxious moments of the game, and added 17 points: Paul Bilewicz was also fantastic. He led the game in rebounds against bigger Windsor opponents and got 16 points. He also managed to finish the game with only three fouls. Laanistefound the scoring range again and finished with 26 points. Meanwhile, high lancer scorer, Chris Wydrzynsky, was held to 13 points covered by two Windsor natives Lozynsky and -Hamilton. The win puts the warriors in second place-where they must finish to make the play-offsbehind Western at 5-O. Uniwat plays at home on friday night against Fredonia from New York state and at Western Saturday night in an important game. Buses may be hard to organize as Western’s athletic director John Metras, refuses to save any tickets for Waterloo students. The team looked good in the scrimmage against Niagara last thursday but there is no room for a report until friday. Scoring Waterloo

Laaniste Kieswetter


Bilewicz Lozynsky Cribhton Hamilton Wing

16 8 5 5 . 4


Harry Veldstra - Chevron

Uniwat% Rick Maloney fights Loyola player for the puck.




CCORDING TO MODERN folklore, our cities are deeply in distress; distress which is so serious that its correction is beyond the scope and comprehension of the layman; thus the need for the professional social scientist. Among those concerned about the urban environment is the city planner. Since it is becoming increasingly “in” to be in such a profession, I present a quick guide for those who wish to avoid the formal prerequisities ; the steps if followed carefully can lead to acceptance at middle-class cocktail parties, Ford Mustang showrooms and in suburban bungalows where such beings are usually found. Education : In referring to your education always make it clear that you avoided radical modes of thought, otherwise people may suspect 5 that you don’t accept as your most important goals, physical order (rather than psychic order), protection of private property and economic growth. Always talk only of North America and Western Europe-most planning schools assume that the whole world lives there. Decision-making: Decisions in regards to new physical facilities for a City are almost invariably made in economic terms. Therefore, be able to justify changes in highway design in terms of the number of manpower hours that will be saved by the subsequent reduction in the fatality rate. If challenged, simply reply that a viable economic base is necessary before man can engage in activities that go beyond making a living. If you are still challenged, it is appropriate to reply that planners also consider such as pollution, the visual “intangibles” quality of the environment, noise and the psychological effects of their design efforts on people. It is important not to mention that these latter factors are usually found either in the appendices or concluding remarks of reports rather than in the more

ELL-KNOWN’ UNIVERSITY of Montreal planning professor R.W. Bryant, in an article written for the planning profession magazine Plan Canada states outright that “no


sensible community would regard land as simply a commodity, 0; all fours with bales of cloth or bushels of wheat. Iz

To do so, he contends, would be using the tools of traditional economic analysis for a situation in which they are inappropriate. Planning in the interests of the public requires a new economic philosophy in which controls are not based on the ‘normal’ market economy. Indeed, more and more planners would agree with Bryant that because land supply is limited bynature, it must be considered a “special” commodity that should not be left to market influences. The destructive practice of buying land cheaply with the intent of selling at a more than substantial profit-speculation-emerges from the capitalist ethic of the right of individuals to pursue their own fortunes regardless of public good. Years of a one-sided battle in which private profit has so triumphed over public interest have proven speculation holdings to be a hindrance in cities and extra-urba<l environments alike. In cities, for example, says planner E.T. Rashleigh, “a stubborn owner, an old business.. .development which creates dead frontage(almost always held speculatively). . .can isolate a portion of a block (and) prevent an area from redeveloping logically. Where speculators can step in, the retail core of urban areas becomes preoccupied with its business and ignores its surroundings. Until recently, few efforts have ever been made to relate such an area to adjoining city sections or take advantage of any occurring natural assets.




In such areas, then, land speculation thrives on conditions the speculator has 77Q the Chevron

substantive made.


Career: A I solutions which the body for wl works for an aut. to build dams, cause they dil, floodplain propel the sources of po construction on t be better solution When making z the following gw’ “If its stationary sion it.” Since department in g( to other governn enhance their p guard all inform7 Basic


believe that an ment is a prime don’t accept tht Because middle, overhead wires, streets these shou Though the pot may prefer food rity, they need bursed for this il of values. One the physical infi, sidizing people or sical environmen determinant.



Always think ii solutions which cement, paveme: are more likely to than non-physica’ redistribution of justify the propoF tary expediency, of the U.S. inter&a

had going for hin sacred nature of PI “Private land o in public opinion ; “that it can questi ing proposals and unity objectives.” Modern theory of “individual fre demns, as the ro( tion, private land 1 ship, is now con: cause of the amour What, for exam public resources a ‘people’s econoi example of Niagar I,. . . the peat able, but their ment is even gr6 tern of /and-use ( does not permit development of tht

A recent planr Waterloo profess tario government ing in like situat watered down recommends thal such vast land are Such a measure in cost in this though public OWI the only situatic well as others WC age.


of 3

Now, Queen’s would suggest tl dures for contrc and others consid earliest stage: tk~ previous owner to He states that ample, where a I other party who sells the land to

n which




!r should recommend ante the power of le works. Thus if he f which is empowered rill justify dams beJlution and protect, ven though attacking n directly and making hod plain illegal might sion becomes difficult q will usually suffice, e it ; if it moves, pencollected by a given ment might be useful departments and thus i, it is important to 3refully. I The planner mustr .ent orderly environin itself; people who :oals are secondary. people don’t like rntennas and narrow riminated. people in. the society ic shelter and secube in anyway reimition of a certain set d pump money into &re rather than subpremise that the phya major behavourial




:ms of technological large quantities of, nd machinery-they lcepted by the society utions such as the ne. If nothing else, an in terms of milias done in the case [hway system.







,’ but deadly


Zoning for industrial land helps the towns economy, but rarely benefits those who suffer. the ill effects of solid waste, liquid and air pollution (zoning has no provisions for costing such side-effects). It is important to locate most industry

owner or the third party are also speculators. Economics reporter R. H. Stacey, writing in the Toronto Daily Star might agree. “Attempting to penalize a ‘speculator’ on his profits will be a difficult task,” he says, “because the first _difficulty will be in its definition.” Agreeing with .MacKay in the desirability of preserving the freely competitive market, he feels anti-combines legislation is the best way of contributing to combat the negative aspects of speculation. For, like many traditional theorists, MacKay contends that speculation in any market (again he ignores the new plea that land cannot be’ considered an ordinary commodity) is the result of uncertainty. This, in turn, results from inadequate information. Supposedly, if this degree 1of uncertainty is lessened, the- amount, of speculation and the size of speculative gains will decline. To control speculation, constantly updated information must be widely distributed to potential land market investors. MacKay views Bryant’s proposed ’ legal regulations for control ,of speculation as devices which will merely reduce the risks which speculators must take by decreasing the uncertainty as to where development will occur. But because MacKay operates from a ‘value orientation -which accepts the present capitalist economy, he is in an untenable position to criticize Bryant’s claim that there must be regulations based .on fiscal

years; namely, the land ownership. ship is so sacrosanct LW,” says Rashleigh, e propriety of plann3t legitimate commrejects the concept ” of land and conexploitative speculaship. Private owner?d- anachronistic beuitable land left. is to become of the are the backbone of Bryant points to the insula fruitlands. ..


:hards are irreplaceC value for develop. . the primitive sysI/ existing in Ontario effective check on h lands. ‘*

report submitted by ). Gertler to the Ond ensure good plannbut will probably be antially because it government ‘acquire ;he public name. If course, prohibitive alist economy-even .p of ,a11 land is likely ‘which his plan as hrive to best advant-

controls, acquisition and public ownership

ulation ?ssor A.N. MacKay viewing the procespeculation, Bryant beculation’ at only its nsfer of land from a . 3veloper. n exchange, for exland owner., or some ases land from him, veloper , the original


ant to have a good j working I relationship with local politicians. This can be facilitated, by preparing several alternative plans SO that the politicians can choose the one that conforms most closely to the status quo or the one that reinforces their own biases. In fact, if one never questions the values of politicians a very comfortable position is guaranteed. Since the current political-administrative machinery is designed to facilitate certain decisions (e.g. roads over rapid transit), it is best to work within the terms of such a framework ; that is, perpetuate what already exists, only build more of it., . When public improvements grossly inflate private land values (e.g. a new railroad making a farm property increase tentimes in value) always agree with the populace that such windfalls are the just right of the private person concerned rather than benefits which should accrue to the society. Zoning: The prime tool of the planner is that of zoning land, that is, placing restrictions on the physical development of certain areas. Zoning creates very neat patterns which are just wonderful if you see the world through airphotos or maps (planners often assume everyone has a bird’s eye view of the world). Zoning also enables one to limit a community to only those types of people who can afford to meet the standards outlined thus preserving property values, increasing the town’s assessment and keeping undesirables out. *

of development of land.


So if we dgree with Bryant’s view of speculation as an oppressing factor in good planning; and further agree, as we must, that this oppression has its roots in and should be viewed as symptomatic of a’ capitalist market economy, the question of how best to counteract speculative prices then arises.


Justice Bryant

through first


taxation? that



in space and in organization. Thus kids awav from residential areas and in the . should be allowed to play at certain hours periphery; it’s economic and cleaner there so their play can be supervised by people though the poorer people are unable to who work at play. Playing in the park at commute to the jobs created. times which are not structured for play Other planning tools: The road pattern can be’ prevented by judicious use of fenc” - can be very coercive in its behavourial ing. At no time should ecology be con-, effects. In ghettos and other riotprone sidered in park planning. areas it is best to use a grid system of Since unique areas such as markets, straight_ roads meeting-at 90 degree angChinatowns, youth cult areas and outdoor les: This way, a single police or military cafes often do not yield high rents or convehicle stationed at one corner can command form to zoning laws and are usually dismore power. orderly; they should be regarded as prime However, in suburban areas it is best , sites for “redevelopment”. to curve roads so as to slow traffic. After Once utopian master plans have been all, middle-class kids are more valuable constructed the resulting segregation of than those who live in “slums”. Freeways life, both residential and land-use, can be make excellent “buffers”, their cement reexplained by the fact that too much heterotaining walls or high wire fences prevent geneity in neighborhoods leads to a lack of the encroachment of ethnic or ghetto areas “meaningful rapport”. on more “normal” neighborhoods. After having created such an environIf questioned on the above, state that the ment, is there any chance of losing one’s land-uses are “incompatible” and must be position? separated. If one is forced to remove the the need for freeway, define school districts so that _ _ No, one has just created ameliorative planning. Those who t have the two neighborhoods have their children been dispersed by urban renewal and zon‘educated in different places. If the friction _ ing now need public housing. Others have is still too great, run your thruway through escaped planning regulations by settling a park and change its name to “parkway” just outside the municipality’s boundaries . . . you can fool some of the people.. . . in the sprawl. Septic tanks and unpaved Another important tool is urban renewal. roads must now be corrected by a new Basically this consists of destroying old planning agency so that those occupying the residential areas and replacing them with areas will be inculcated, with the values of upper-middle-class housing that the former an orderly environment. residents can’t afford or don’t want. (If If challenged on what one is doing, one I this is not possible, substitute an office should always have a computer simulation complex or shopping mall for middle-class model ready. If it doesn’t prove anything housing. ) it <baffles the opposition for awhile and In the last decade in the U.S. only one in:, time is the name of the game. Time for four residential units destroyed in urban another expressway or redevelopment renewal has been replaced. However, scheme; time to tear down another historic where it is necessary to replace destroyed . building in the name of efficiency. housing one can always replace’housing in -_ dispersed developments on the periphery Douglas Webster is a graduate so as to destroy the social -interaction, student in the school of urban not to mention possible revolutionary and regional planning, University * thought, that existed in the “ghetto”. _ of Waterloo. . Parks should be highly structured both

ments must keep pace with market values and should be based on “bare site” values (rather than on buildings and intended use). Bryant admits, however, the former has not. been entirely successful in experiments in western Canada; and further, despite the fact that they operate from different values, MacKay’ .and. Steacy have a point when they suggest that (a), it -would be almost impossible to -deal with. the “vast army of assessors and appraisers employed in the pursuit of. placing ,a fair market value and (.b) a capital gains tax on all land,” based on increasing land values would be too cumbersome to be effective. In the latter case, however, it cannot ‘be overlooked that in cities, many parcels of land remain vacant and underdeveloped. If owners had to pay taxes based on a land’s true market value, they would be less likely to leave land undeveloped, thereby discouraging outskirts sprawl. We may then understand Bryant’s proposal and see his bitterness when he says such land owners confronted ,merely by zoning bylaws are still concerned only with their own plot of land and aren’t stimulated with thought on broader issues. . .. m . the prevailing attitude of mind,” he complains, which regards per mainspring

“*is not unnatural in a society the Profit motive as the of economic activity. ‘*


Commenting on agricultural settings, Bryant says land zoned for agricultural use should be assessed- at agricultural value. Farming‘ is discouraged if the land has- to Pay taxes on urban or suburban. levels, for the support of services required by neighboring residents.


land ownership

MacKay claims that if land is held publically, the -government subsidizes speculators by providing land to developers at a cost lower than they would have~ paid in the open market. However negative this concept might-‘ seem to contemporary economists, many

european examples prove that MacKay’s criticism is notvalid to the theory. Sweden, for example, in master planning blueprints, specifies the type and location of development; timing as well as other. matters according to the availability of services. Says Bryant : “Clearly there is much _ diminished scope for speculation in land under such conditions-apart altogether from the common Swedish practice of ’ municipal land ownership.” Other examples which could be cited in-’ elude the 1942 british inquiry into land use, the Uthwatt committee. Through its 2 proposals that government developg land itself and then lease it to private concerns, and that local governments have increased expropriation rights to ensure public benefit from land (thereby. ensuring effectiveness within official, overall plans), this committee did% everything butstate in black and white that it favored public ownership of all land.


~ ’ ,

Surely reforms based on Bryant’s princi‘pals could overcome what might appear to theorists like MacKay rather large admini’ strative problems. Summing up once again ”. in Bryant’s own words: ‘66. . . it -is all very well for Mr. MacKay to say that ‘anyone who pays what appears to be an exorbitant price for a unit of land tinticipates a use for it which will provide sufficient income to pay off his investment’. True, but this ‘doesn’t answer my question, which is, what rational, equitable or moral justification can there possibly be for permitting certain fortunate owners of land ” to have a free ride at the expense of the = community at large?”

What right, indeed, of organizations like Burger Chef, Tim Horton’s, Harvey’s and a host of other opportunists to clutter the landscape with ostensibly legitimate, but unquestionably vulgar “development” until they can sell the land they have so carefully chosen for its fantastic speculative value? tuesday

27 january

1970 (70:44)









-An undergraduate co-op math student to sit on the Student Advisory Council to co-ordination. -Undergraduate math students for positions on the Faculty Curriculum Committee


‘Women -beady

exploited’ contestant


VANCOUVER (GINS)-Janiel Jolly, a 25 year old first year student, will be Simon Fraser University’s candidate in the annual miss Canadian university beauty contest, but she is entered under protest. Miss Jolley, a member of the Vancouver Women’s Caucus, said recently in an interview that she will appeal to the other contestants from 30 Canadian universities to renounce beauty contests and their objectivism of women. “A woman should not be judged on what she looks like, just as a man should not be. “It is ridiculous to think that universities, which are concerned with the intelligence of students, should be involved in anything so superficial.” The five foot, 95 pound toed says she will join in all of the events and will not disrupt any of the activities. However, in her free time, she wants to tell the other girls that they are being used by an oppressive society. Miss Canadian university will be selected at the five day winter carnival at Waterloo Lutheran University on january 30.



Unique Cdturel Event University

of Waterloo

Fine Arts




Choice of the World’s Best Shorts

. F&m from Italy, Japan, France, Czechoslovakia, Germany atid other countries January 30 AL 116 7:OO and 9:00 p.m.


Tickets: Students $1.25 non-stud. $1.50

at the door Program Coming

a 772

the Chevron

3 . . . on February



onsors Paul Lawson

Chevron staff

International Night, staged in the humanities theatre january 23 and 24 was a ‘do your own thing night’ for performers from over twelve nations. Produced by U of W’s International Student Associati~on, the problem‘ with the amateur production was that it was just that - an amateur production and this was painfully obvious throughout. The master of ceremonies who during the evening modelled costumes from his native Africa, began the proceedings by presenting a young lady who, in a manner similar to the relaxed effort of a final exam, introduced students who modelled the traditional apparel of their respective countries. Mangala Tembe performed an Indian dance, if it could be described as that. Aesthetic appreciation was immediately perplexed because of the difference in cultural standards. Western culture experiences a more direct relationship between music and movement, whether in ballet or the bugaloo. If it was her express desire to divorce her movements from the music, Miss Tembe was eminently successful. Five students made a poor showing for the British Isles with their feeble attempt at humor and harmony. Jill Spence, an Irish folk singer, unfortunately lost out in a contest between a good voice and the noise she created with a badly-tuned guitar. A Pakistani student introduced as Professor Imam deserved an A for effort. Card tricks and disappearing balls re-established the platitude “the hand is quick-





cur nig

er than the, eye.” Everything from ping-pong ,balls to strips of paper and bad jokes poured out of his mouth. While he might have turned on lower-level grade schoolers, the audience at the performance were probably less appreciative. A group of eight Africans, calling themselves, allegorically, the “Biafran Babies” partially overcame their lack of organized lyrical harmony with the rhythms created by a set of drums, a conga and bongo drums, maracas and a single-pitch wooden percussion beater. The oriental presentation was a credible representation of their people and culture. One unquestionably competent performance came from Mrs. Aiko Inoue. She soloed on the “Koto”, a traditional wooden instrument japanese with 13 strings. Although not fully understood, her recital was, in my opinion, the best of the evening. She received

long applause from the appreciative audience. The other notable japanese production was their folk group, which visibly inspired the audience. The Chinese presentation deserves an honourable mention. An air of enigmatic beauty emanated from a ribbon dance by Julie Chao. Unfortunately, she appeared to be struggling with the inordinately long ribbons, which somewhat tainted her performance. A Chinese musician playing on a traditional 2-string violin was another highlight of the night. With the strings singing like a bird, his music seemed to come alive. The performance of the chinese choral group was rather anticlimatic. As a finale, the entire cast sang “This land is my land”, providing comic relief for the whole production.

Indian students perform a folk dance at International



for unique



“THIS RECORD SHOULD BE PLAYED LOUD” tells it like it is. So turn it up, all the way up . . .8 . . .9 . . . 10. . . that’s it. Now put your mind in gear and let the Stones do it to your head. ’ Guts, man, that’s what its all about” screams “Gimme Shelter, ” as he sets Jagger on the tone for the rest of this powerhouse album. Guts and power spewing forth, grabbing you, pulling, pushing, forcing you to pay attention and feel it. “It’s just a kiss away” and don’t you know it brothers and sisters. Now slow it down . . .” all my loves in vain”so sad-so lonesome. . . it’s right there in the guitar and it’s crying too. Next a country tune-not C&W but down-home country blues. “She blew my nose and then she blew my nose and then she blew my mind.” Raunchy guitar, raunchy voice, raunchy fiddle, raunchy women, raunchy song. . .” And now a song for our times. . . “don’t you want to live with me” More guts, more animal




emotion, and . . . a sax? Yeah, but it’s blues-rough hard 7and dirty.

.,. . . we

all need someone

we can lean / dream/

/ feed / bleed on” Fine stuff fellas-sex, dope, blood, after all what’s life all about anyway? “Did you hear about the midnight rambler. . .” killer coming to stick his knife down your throat, coming closer, faster; the harp flutters in the background like your heart and you can’t hide behind the bedroom door. But what’s this?-a Boston Pops arrangement? No, there’s the guitar driving out at you “. . . all my friends are junkies . . . I’m a monkey man” a song of the common man. And a spiritual too. 3 The London Bach Choi.rcream

I* you can’t always get what you want, but if you try some time, you might find you get what you

sex, more dope, more violence, MORE STONES! Listen to it, feel it, play with it, enjoy it, turn it over and start again. Then go out andget drunk.





27 january

1970 (10:44)



We c,annot understand what is happening iri education in Canada -.Unless we first comprehend the nature of our lives iti a branch plant economy.


Y OWN PERCEPTION of the latter derives largely from my experiences in writing and defending the Watkins Report. The report needs to be considered apart from its contents if, in McLuhan’s terms, we are to get at the real message. A report com.missioned by the government and under its constant surveillance, ended up being disowned by the government. Since it was in fact a rather bland and conventional document, its fate cannot be attributed to its being radical in content. Rather, it was disowned &because it exposed the limitations of liberalism-and of Liberalism. It is hardly news that Canada, as a liberal democracy, is run largely by and for the national bourgeoisie. What makes the Canadian situation somewhat special, however, is the extent to which its bourgeoisie is emasculated. The business elite of this country has always been timid and colonialminded, and has provided no base for a viable nationalism. The rise and fall of Walter Gordon illustrated the limitations of Canadian liberalism; as far as foreign ownership is concerned, apparently no move from complete laissez-faire is to be tolerated. If there remains a case for nationalism, it must be a nationalism of the left, based on economic and social planning-that is, socialism. -The implications of the branch plant situation are pervasive; what is often mistaken for the absence of leadership in Canada is in reality the inability of its leaders to govern.

We ignore

the past

Historically, the Canadian government emerged to create a national economy separate from that of the United States c But the Canadian economy, patiently assembled around the railway as an extension of the St. Lawrence River, has again become a collection of regional economies, each largely dominated by the U.S. / The capacity of the federal government to effect the rate of economic - growth and the level of prices and employment has perhaps never been very great, but it now approaches absolute zero. Understandably, the very existence of a federal government has become increasingly pointless. The north american economy into

which Canada has become imbedded has itself become more and more exlicitly a military-industrial complex. American economic growth is highly dependent on military spending, and labor is absorbed by the draft and the war industries. Canada, to its credit, has refused to be fully integrated with the American war machine (though its complicity ‘is substantial) ; as a result it has had a harder time absorbing the young in the labor market. by Melville


Sharp increases in enrolment in post-secondary education have helped somewhat to alleviate this structural problem. In the long-run, however, Canada’s ambivalence toward war-its refusal either to fully join the american cause or to find viable alternatives-has meant fewer opportunities for such skilled professionals as engineers and scientists. The external politics of the branch plant economy tend to be dominated by quiet diplomacy-to minimize tension within the imperial system-and by the mercantilist strategy of seeking special status within the empire. The recent history of Canadian foreign policy is a tribute to the success with which the Ottawa mandarins have carried out these functions, while locking Canada even more tightly into the continental system. The efficient functioning of the branch plant society depends also on its producing branch plants intellectualspeople capable of rationalizing the system needed for its efficient operation. Eventually,‘ even the universities must be americanized. John Porter has shown how the Canadian elites systematically neglected higher education in order to remove potential threats to their power. But they failed even to run their branch plants efficiently, much less to create any kind of independent economy with a capacity to generate growth on its own. The great educational push in Canada in recent years is intended to improve the efficiency of the branch plant economy; it is no accident that major support has come from the Economic Council, itself .an emasculated version of the American Council of Economic Advisers, with its research often done by economists otherwise employed by the CanadianAmerican Committee. As the late Harold Innis observed, the risk of being a social

scientist in Canada is that one may die laughing. Little is to be gained through the mere intellectual exercise of working out an economic policy for Canada. Any technocrat can do that. Carter’s reform of the tax system was ingenious, but it was doomed to failure because it viewed economics as a technical exercise independent of politics, and assumed that those in power would legislate against their own interest. The real issue is not politics in the sense of policy but politics in the sense of politicizing people. The demand for solutions provides jobs for economists to pull rabbits out of hats, when what is needed is political action. Hence student protests against Dow Chemical’s recruiting on Canadian campuses do more to expose the reality of foreign ownership as the intrusion of the U.S. military-industrial complex than could any number of Watkins Reports. The implications of this for Canadian universities have already been touched on. Both the defenders and critics of the multiversity, from Clark Kerr to Ronald Reagan, agree that the multiversity is a knowledge factory. Canadian universities have not been running their factories efficiently enough, however, and are therefore in the process of being reformed. New universities have been created and old ones expanded to absorb more students and enable the Canadian participation ratio to approach the american participation ratio. Obsolete requirements have been removed and more choices made available to the studentan appropriate analogy here is either the supermarket or Jean Genet’s brothel. The tri-semester system and a longer school year make for a more efficient use of the plant, and keep students out of the job-market in summer. A high priority .for graduate studies and the proliferation of research centers and institutes improve working conditions for the faculty (at uncertain costs for undergraduates. ) The University of Toronto has become a multiversity at the center of an embryonic University of Ontario, the example of California notwithstanding.

before they are national, and national before they are provincial; that ministers of education are provincial should not blind us to these structural realities. Across the globe, the university has become a battleground to expose the contradictions and the repressiveness of corporate capitalism. Nationally, the university has become the last bastion from which to insist that Canada regain her independence from the United States. In the words of John Seely (a former York dean who left in 1963 after a dispute with president Murray Ross and the board of governors over the future of the university) : “If Canada is to be more than a geographical expression, her nationhood will be born in her universities. And if her universities are to discover any merit or mission, then students will educate into that discovery-and salvation. ”

It is tempting to leave the matter there-though insisting that the issue is not salvation, but survival. But to ask students to shoulder the entire burden is to cop out. Those of us who are professors should either work to change the universities or leave them to sink -into irrelevance. And we should give the students advice based on our own experience of life within the walls. There should be joint student-faculty control of departments-for that is where the power lies-and combined efforts to create an environment centered not on teaching (much less on publishing) but on learning. If there is any truth at all in the views of Galbraith and others that power is shifting from the capitalists to the technocrats, then no time should be lost in humanizing the universities where technocracy presently thrives. For what is at issue is not simply discovery as a personal possibility, though the liberation of the mind is sufficient to justify action.

The terrible fact of our times is that the technology of the technocrats has created a world out of control, and has made action a prerequisite to sheer survival. To act is to assume a moral risk, but the risk must be taken: the present is intolerable.

There is an answer What is to be done? Clearly, the problems of the university are continental




774 the Chevron



When will I finally gain my freedom, the student wonders. Give us bread and freedom, the working class shouts, and in order to win this freedom or to defend it against attack, the worker is quite prepared to fight and even, if need be, to die. When society wishes to punish one of its members, it simply takes away his freedom. And yet, for the vast majority, what is freedom anyway? Nothing more than the removal of every form of constraint, the opportunity to do whatever one wants, wherever and whenever he wants to. Clearly a mere caricature . of genuine freedom of spirit.


In addition to the absence of every form of physical constraint, authentic freedom presupposes a complete detachment from’self with a view to commitment at a higher level. In this regard, we have to win our freedom. Human freedom is strictly finite and hence can only find fulfillment in the supernatural II order. -Michel Quoist, 1966

The form of freedom rather the determination unite life on earth.

is not merely self-determination and self-realization, and the realization of goals which enhance, protect

but and

I / -Herburt




an essay on liberation LC l



where we can do our own thing.”

What the spirit brings is very different: love, joy, peace, patience, kindness, goodness, trustfulness, gentleness and self-control. There can be no law against things like that, of course. -Paul to the Galatians, 5:17

No contest The life of man centers on love. In love’s name and for love’s sake he works, he suffers, he struggles, he gives his life, he even muI’ders. The history of man could be read as an unending quest for love, a history marked by brilliant success and terrible failure. To love and to be loved in return-herein lies th goal of each man’s striving. Man was made by love and for love. This is the inner meaning of his existence. and it is only through love that he finds personal fulfillment. Unfortunately, however, love is a very misunderstood and much abused term. It is a term which is used to describe relationships as different as day and night. Man can set out on the road that leads to genuine love only if he knows what he’s looking for and what love demands of him. In this life the road never ends since the love for which man **aches always exceeds his grasp. - Michel Quoist, 1963

Love gives not but itself and takes not but from itself. Love possesses not nor would it be possessive-for love is sufficient unto love. - Kalil Gibran, the Prophet

Commitment is a word which has become increasingly common of late. It is used to indicate the gift a man makes of himself to his brothers, particularly in their struggle for a more humane society in which to live and for improved conditions under which to work. It is impossible for a man to love God if he does not love his brothers, and he doesn’t truly love his brothers if he allows them to suffer without lifting a finger to help. The further a civilization advances, the greater the hold which evil seems to have on political, economic, and social life, and on our organizations, laws and way of life in general. This is, needless to say, an unfathomable source of still greater suffering for man. We can no longer be content with individual conversions in our efforts to liberate man. We must struggle today to convert the institutions which constitute our society. -Michel Quoist, 1963

Some men see things as they are and say, why? I dream things that never were and say, why not? ‘ -Robert Kennedy, quoting George Bernard Shaw

member: Canadian university press (CUP) and underground presssyndicate (UPS); subscriber: liberation news service (LNS) and chevron international news service (GINS); published tuesdays and fridays by the publications board of the federation of students (inc.), university of Waterloo: content is the responsibility of the Chevron staff, independent of the federation and the university administration; offices in the people’s campus center; phone (519) 578-7070 or university local 3443; telex 0295-748; circulation 12,500 Chairman board of publications - Geoff Roulet One of the draw backs of the collective lies in the possibility of a flu epidemic hitting and did we get hit this week. With the hope that the inflicted will be back fighting again, this week’s staff includes Jim Bowman, Bruce Meharg, Alex Smith, Brenda Wilson, Al Lukachko, Bob Epp, Brian Switzman, Phil Elsworthy, Gerrit Huver, John Nelson, Harry Veldstra, Ross Bell, Pete Marshall, Steve Izma, Notes, Jeff Bennett, Bill Sheldon, Paul Lawson, Doug Minke, Donna McCollum, Charlotte Buchan, Cam Killoran, Mary Morris, Cam Hourd, David Palmer, and maybe somebody we forgot, but they’ll have to let us know if they ‘want they’re names in this damned masthead. Oh yes, the collective met yesterday at 8 pm.

It was contestation night in Kitchener-Waterloo last Friday. About fifty students arrived to challenge the club card carrying faculty at the opening of the new campus facility. Before the students had decided to field their team, it looked like a clear track for the privatist, self-serving segment of the faculty. Their precontest manouvering, although quite predictable, was nevertheless geared for total victory. Besides land and buildings, the board of governors is given an annual grant of the people’s money. They are then supposed to spend this money to serve the taxpayers in the best way possible. The isolationist faculty, who are all learned men, do not believe in myths like this. Knowing what truth is, they proceeded to ask the board for money and land for their club. Next, these expropriators of the people’s wealth ensured their theft by getting full administration support. Concretely this meant kampus kop protection and the usual professional front office publicity. In contrast, the student preparations were decidely amateurish. The distribution of the special edition of the Chevron was not very extensive in the downtown areas. The pre-contest practices were not very rigorous and many of the students were not in the best fighting shape possible. Yet the opening of the contest wa_s definitely all student. Arriving early, they easily outmanouvered the kampus kops forechecking at the door. Inside defenders Totzke and Condon met the student rush with determined hassling. The only crack in the stout club faculty defense came when some of the faculty club spouses who had come to drink and cheer swit-

ched their support for the day care center demand of the students. The other scoring opportunity for the anti-elitist forces was the arrival of some community people. The lack of organizational practice showed itself as the students failed to counter-attack the elitists play of having the kampus kops turn back the people who payed for the contested building. Although the pro-people forces rallied on Saturday afternoon and took over the community center, they obviously were no longer in a position to seriously challenge the control established by the elitist faculty backed by the board and administration. In a post-contest wrap-up an interesting analysis was made. Beside the obvious differences in fire power of the two groups and the other faults already mentioned, the students fell before a more subtle force deference. When the elite arrived, most of the students moved into the nigger reserved lounges. Once segregated, most remained in their usual passive trance. Those who did engage the opposition directly, failed to challenge the elitists on their assumptions of private property and whom this university really does serve. Learned by writing exams, reading mounds of trivial irrelevancies and by simply sitting for endless hours in endless lectures, the student team will have to get. more practice or they will probably get psyched out again. In summing up, the anti-people, elitist victory was much easier than it should have been. Although total victory was never a real aim of the students, with more practice and organization, they should have had a better showing. Too bad the people lost, too. tuesday

27 januaay

7970 k70:44)




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776 the Chevron



. and once we get the day care center going, we can serve milk from the bar and free hot lunches from the kitchen,” “Students know their pla...