Page 1

Inscription Stones of Bangalore, A Physical Verification Project by Udaya Kumar P L


Introduction This is documentation of a self-funded project motivated by the desire to learn more about my home cityBangalore, and to publicize the learnings A very key learning so far has been that we have in our city - in the urban jungle that Bangalore has turned into, a plethora of historical evidences in the form of centuries old stone inscriptions ! Unfortunately most of these have been misunderstood or ignored and lie in pitiable, unsafe surroundings . While a fair number of these stone inscriptions are still intact and readable, many also have been destroyed, most sadly in the last decade or so. If the present state of ignorance about them continues, then the pace at which they will be destroyed is bound to increase - given the maddening pace at which the city is growing and the increased pressures to encroach on the space they occupy. However with better awareness about what they really are, the chances of their being valued & therefore secured are much higher. All photos in this presentation are mine and can be freely reproduced. I hope but do not insist that I will be credited as the photographer and the person who (re)recognized these stones for what they really are ! This is a living document which will be continually updated to reflect the state of more stone inscriptions in the city as I learn about them. As of 12-Sep-2017 I have verified some 68 of the 160 odd stone inscriptions known to have been in Bangalore per historians. In due course I will add to this presentation the exact locations of these stones so that anyone interested may also go see them. If you like this project and have something to say about it , please write to Udayakumar.pl@gmail.com “Inscription Stones of Bangalore� by Udayakumar.pl@gmail.com


Stone Inscriptions – A Primer Stone Inscriptions (Shila Shasanas) are excellent sources of information about the local history of a place . They provide information about •

Martyrdom in war/defending cattle/defending women/hunting an elephant/tiger/bear,….

self killing for varied reasons….by a soldier at his kings funeral/for the fulfilment of a vow/fast unto death for religious reasons/widowing/…

the names of the local chieftain & empire of the time

the genealogy of the King

names of places and regions in use at the time

astronomical events such as solar eclipses, solistices..

the evolution of language over the centuries

units of length/area/currency..in use at the time

religious practices – grants to temples, shraddas, popular festivals

the construction of villages & lakes “Inscription Stones of Bangalore” by Udayakumar.pl@gmail.com


Inscription Stones (Shila Shashanas ) & Snake (Naga) Stones The two are completely different, Inscription Stones are often poorly dressed, visually unappealing with inscriptions carved on them. They usually do not carry any carvings of Snakes or other Deities. But Inscription stones do often have a full circle and a crescent carved at the top. These are symbolic indications that the contents of the inscription are valid for as long as the Sun & Moon are around (for all time to come). An inscription stone may sometimes include a deity (often a linga or a padma) depiction between the Sun and the Moon carvings. Naga stones sport the carving of a snake(s) and do not have any inscriptions on them. Naga stones are very common and are found in most streets! While some of these Naga stones may be hundreds of years old, there is not much of history to be gleaned from them. They are essentially religious in nature Often people mistake Inscription Stones for Naga stones and worship them too !


The Structure Of An Inscription Stone Moon Sun

Linga The first word is a greeting such as Swasti/Om.. Wishing all people well

The middle part is the key message of the inscription.

Date of the inscription in the Indian calendar system The Kings name with honorifics The last part is a blessing for those who honor and protect the inscription and a curse on those who protects or violates the core message or descrate the inscription


The Stone Inscriptions Of Bangalore Per historical records*, the Bangalore region in the late 1800s had about 200 stone inscriptions in its various villages & towns. These inscriptions span the period 517AD-1858AD and are an important record of the villages of that time and events there. The language and scripts of these inscriptions are Kannada, Tamil, Telugu, Marathi and Persian languages. Except in the case of a few well known inscriptions, the status of most of these are unknown today. This project (a self funded, citizen initiative) is an attempt to track these stones in the urban jungle of Bangalore, document their state and in due course attempt to ensure these stones are recognised for what they are and secured from destruction. *Epigraphia Carnatica (1905), Mysore Archaeological Reports (1906,7,11..), South Indian Inscriptions… “Inscription Stones of Bangalore” by Udayakumar.pl@gmail.com


What Can Be Done With These Inscriptions ? I am of the opinion that these stones should not be moved to a Museum or some such distant place for safe keeping. If moved, their connection with the place of installation will be lost & the opportunity to educate local people about their heritage greatly diminished! In my dreams, I see these stones encircled in a low 6" platform (to protect them) and an adjacent modern day stone carrying translations of the inscription in Kannada and English. This is exactly what has been done in the Veerashaiva Mutta at Vibhutipura ! That particular inscription tells the story of the village - that in the year 1307, the jungle around was cleared, a lake constructed and the lands exempt from tax. Imagine the pride a resident today would walk away with when he learns all that from the inscription!!!

“Inscription Stones of Bangalore� by Udayakumar.pl@gmail.com


In Due Course …. Locations


List of Stone Inscriptions Verified So Far EC 9 Bn# 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30

34 1 8 9 10 11 12 13 16 17 19 24 27 28 29 30 35 38 39 52 53 59 60 72 73 83 84 86 87 88

Description of Installed Location in Historical Records

Village

Year Inscribed Inscription language Installed On (AD)

Alada mara Nagasandra Stone Ranganatha Temple Ballapurada Pete Stone Chokkanatha Temple Domlur Stone Chokkanatha Temple Domlur Stone Chokkanatha Temple Domlur Stone Chokkanatha Temple Domlur Stone Chokkanatha Temple Domlur Stone Chokkanatha Temple Domlur Stone Garudakamba outside GopalaKrishna Temple Yelahanka Stone Garudakamba in the Prakara of GopalaKrishna Temple Yelahanka Stone South of Hanumanta temple Chikka Bettahali (Yelahankahobli) Stone North outlet of tank Ganigarahalli (Yelahanka hobli) Stone Pujaris field Tindlu Stone Anjenaya Temple Harohalli (Yelahanka hobli) Stone Virakkal in Taranisi Iranya's filed Avalahalli (Yelahanka Hobli) Stone Village entrance Allalasandra (Yelahanka Hobli) Baireshwara Temple Doddabidarkallu Stone Sanabogha Ellappas field (virakalu) Dasarahalli Stone Sanabogha Ellappas field Dasarahalli Stone Asvatta mara Marathhalli Stone Hola near the village Dodda Nekkundi Stone Village gate Saddarmangala Stone Batayi land to the west Saddarmangala Stone Someshvara Temple Belur Stone Muniyappa garden Belur Stone Brought to the museum from the Nagesvara temple Brought to the museum from the Nagesvara temple Begur (Begur hobli) Stone Nageshwara temple basement of the inner mantappa Begur (Begur hobli) Stone Nageshwara temple virakal in the wall of the enclosure Begur (Begur hobli) Stone Nageshwara temple another virakal Begur (Begur hobli) Stone

Kannada Telugu Kannada Kannada Grantha & Tamil Grantha & Tamil Grantha & Tamil Grantha & Tamil Kannada Kannada Kannada Kannada Kannada Kannada Kannada Kannada Kannada Kannada Kannada Telugu Tamil Grantha & Tamil Grantha & Tamil Tamil Tamil Kannada Kannada Grantha & Tamil Grantha & Tamil Grantha & Tamil

1342 1628 1440 1270 1266 1290 1300 1200 1410 Unknown 1524 1342 1368 1530 1349 1544 Unknown 1000 1250 1508 1304 1346 1337 1350 1381 890 1270 900 900

Size

Current Status

4'x3'6" In three pieces 4'10"X1'4"Intact 4'6"X2" Intact Intact Intact Intact Intact Intact Intact Intact 6'2"X2'4" Intact 5'X6'3" Intact 7'6"X3'6" Intact 5'X2'11" Intact Intact 5'X2'3" Intact 2'X1'3" Intact 6'X4'6" Intact 5'6"x4'3" Intact 6'2"X1'6" Intact 8'X6' Intact 4'6"x2"6" Intact 6'6"x3' Intact 3'x2'6" Intact 5'6"x2' Intact 6'8'x6'10" Intact 7'6"x4'6" Intact Intact Intact Intact “Inscription Stones of Bangalore� by Udayakumar.pl@gmail.com


EC 9 Bn# 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59

90 124 127 131 133 134 137 85a 85b 85c 91a 91b

32 36 37 125 126 18 20 22 25 26 31 74 75 128

Description of Installed Location in Historical Records Nageshwara temple door frame South of village gate west of Anjaneya temple Nagashettyhalli village entrance Mutt Karadappas garden Sanabhaga Raghavendrappas garden Nageswara temple basement Nageshwara temple basement Nageshwara temple basement Nageshwara temple basement Nageshwara temple basement By the roadside North of the Basavana Temple North of the Basavana Temple (no inscription ?) Barren Land of Kempapurada Muniyappa KoteHanumantas field (virakalu) KoteHanumantas field Cow shed southside Rudrappas field Hanumnathappas field Basavana Temple Anjenaya Temple Old fort Gopalswami temple Eminance (hill?) Basava temple Viranna Temple Talavaras field

Village

Inscribed Inscription On language

Begur (Begur hobli) Stone Yeshwantapura Stone Kodigehalli Stone Nagasettyhalli Stone Vibhutipura Stone Hebbala Stone Hebbala Stone Begur (Begur hobli) Stone Begur (Begur hobli) Stone Begur (Begur hobli) Stone Begur (Begur hobli) Stone Begur (Begur hobli) Stone Allalasandra (Yelahanka Hobli) Doddabettahalli Doddabettahalli Allalasandra (Yelahanka Hobli) Stone Dasarahalli Stone Dasarahalli Stone Yeshwantapura Stone Yeshwantapura Stone Yelahanka Stone Doddabettahalli Stone Shinginayakanahalli Stone Chickbanavara Stone DoddaBommasandra (YelahankaStone hobli) Allalasandra (Yelahanka Hobli) Stone Belur Stone Belur Stone Nagasettihalli Stone

Grantha & Tamil Kannada Kannada Kannada Tamil Kannada Kannada Grantha & Tamil Grantha & Tamil Grantha & Tamil Grantha & Tamil Grantha & Tamil Grantha-Tamil ? Not visible Not visible Kannada Tamil Kannada Kannada Kannada Grantha & Tamil Kannada Kannada Kannada Kannada Kannada Tamil Tamil Kannada

Year Installed (AD) 1400 Unknown 1431 Unknown 1307 1308 1676 1300 1262 1110 1294 1300 Unknown Unknown Unknown 1080 750 980 Unknown 1650 1303 Unknown 1140 1430 1340 1300 1301 1342

Size

Current Status

2'4"x1' 2'3"X1'2' 4'6"X3' 2'6"X2' 3'x4' 3'4"x3'4" 3'X2'

Intact Intact Intact Intact Intact Intact Intact Intact Intact Intact Intact Intact Intact 1'X1' Intact 4'X2' Intact 5'4"x4' Intact. 4'6"x3'9" Known to have been destroyed 4'x2'9" Known to have been destroyed 3'X1'6" Known to have been destroyed 2'6"X2' Known to have been destroyed 5'X2'6" Not traceable Not traceable 1'6'X1'9' Not traceable 5'6"X2' Not traceable 3'X2' Not Traceable 6'X4' Not traceable 7'x2' Not traceable 5'x2'6" Not traceable 2'6"X1'9" Not Traceable “Inscription Stones of Bangalore� by Udayakumar.pl@gmail.com


EC 9 Bn#

Description of Installed Location in Historical Records

Village

60 129 Talavaras field Nagasettihalli 61 130 Talavaras field Nagasettihalli 62 132 Ruined Anjaneya temple Devasandra 63 135 Basaweshwara temple (on stone column lying in front) Hebbala 64 136 Village gate Hebbala 65 139 Western outlet of tank Kyatamaranahalli 66 139a Sivanisvara temple basement Kacharkanahalli 67 139b Sivanisvara temple Kacharkanahalli 68 139c Sivanisvara temple Kacharkanahalli

Inscribed Inscription On language Stone Stone Stone Stone Stone Stone Stone Stone Stone

Year Installed (AD)

Kannada 1342 Kannada Tamil 1376 Kannada Unknown Kannada 1689 Kannada 1386 Grantha & Tamil 1237 Grantha & Tamil 1273 Grantha & Tamil 1286

Size

Current Status

6'X2' Not Traceable 5'X2'6" Not Traceable 5'6"x4'3" Not traceable Not traceable 2'x1'6" Not traceable 6'x2'9" Not traceable Not traceable Not traceable Not traceable

“Inscription Stones of Bangalore� by Udayakumar.pl@gmail.com


Location

Domlur

Year

Language

1440 AD

Kannada

Current State Secure. Installed in the premises of the Chockanathata temple

Dombalur

Adhikari of Sondeyakoppa

EC9 Bn8 Vira DevaRaya

Hejjunka

Chokkanatha

“Inscription Stones of Bangalore� by Udayakumar.pl@gmail.com


Location

Domlur

Year

Language

1440 AD

Kannada

Current State Secure. Installed in the premises of the Chockanathata temple

EC9 Bn8

…continued from previous page

“Inscription Stones of Bangalore” by Udayakumar.pl@gmail.com


Location

Domlur

Year 12001300 AD

Language

Kannada

Current State Secure. Basement of the Chockanathata temple

Talaikattu Irravi Tripurantaka Settiyar Parapati Settichchiyar

EC9 Bn9-13

Tombalur

Tesimanika pattinam

Illaipakanadu RajendraSolavanadu

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Location

Domlur

Year

Language

1440 AD

Kannada

Current State Secure. Basement of the Chockanathata temple

EC9 Bn9-13

…continued from previous page “Inscription Stones of Bangalore” by Udayakumar.pl@gmail.com


Location

Yelahanka

Year

Language

1368 AD

Kannada

Current State Secure. Inscribed at the base of the Garudakamba

EC9 Bn16 Vira DevaRaya

Deepamale Kamba “Inscription Stones of Bangalore” by Udayakumar.pl@gmail.com


Location

Yelahanka

Year

Language

Unknown

Kannada

Current State Secure. Inscribed at the base of the Garudakamba

EC9 Bn17 “Inscription Stones of Bangalore” by Udayakumar.pl@gmail.com


Location

Year

Chikkabettahalli

1524

Language

Kannada

Current State

Somewhat secure, adjacent to a temple

EC9 Bn19 Krishna-raya

Singapura

Chiga-bettahali

Pattana

Ramanujakuta

“Inscription Stones of Bangalore� by Udayakumar.pl@gmail.com


Location

Ganigarahalli

Year

1324

Language

Kannada

Current State

Unsecured, lying on open ground

Sarvamanya Kodige Yelahaka-nad

EC9 Bn24 Vira-Ballala

Unnamale “Inscription Stones of Bangalore� by Udayakumar.pl@gmail.com


Location

Tindlu

Year

Language

1368 AD

Kannada

Current State In a bylane, tilted and vulnerable to being hit by a passing vehicle.

EC9 Bn27 Bukkanna “Inscription Stones of Bangalore” by Udayakumar.pl@gmail.com


Location

Chikkabettahalli

Year

1530

Language

Kannada

Current State

Secure inside a temple compound

Achyuta-raya

EC9 Bn28

Harohalli

Sivanasumadra-sthala

Tiruvengalanatha of Singapura

Ramanujakuta

“Inscription Stones of Bangalore� by Udayakumar.pl@gmail.com


Location

Avalahalli

Year

1349

Language

Kannada

Current State Lying in a field, beside a deep pit dug by treasure hunters . Insecure. Worn out inscription with only a few words discernible.

EC9 Bn29 “Inscription Stones of Bangalore” by Udayakumar.pl@gmail.com


Location

Year

Allalasandra

Language

1544

Kannada

Current State

By the side of a road

EC9 Bn30 Sadasiva-raya

Allalanatha

Vitahaleswaraarasu

Rachur

Jakur

Allalasandra

Sivanasamudrasime

Elahaka-nad “Inscription Stones of Bangalore� by Udayakumar.pl@gmail.com


Wrong Size & characters not clearly visible. Could be a different inscription

Location

Allalasandra

Year

1080AD

Language

Kannada

Current State Untraceable

EC9 32 ?

KulottungaChola

Sanne-nad

Killed while hunting an old boar (handi)

Warrior’s Son’s Younger Brother ! “Inscription Stones of Bangalore” by Udayakumar.pl@gmail.com


Location

Year

Language

Nagasandra

1342 AD

Kannada

Current State Broken into three pieces, lying flat in a field. Appears like there are inter-family disagreements about the property

EC9 Bn34 Vir-Ballala

Elahaka-nad

Machidevaru Jiyaru

“Inscription Stones of Bangalore� by Udayakumar.pl@gmail.com


Location

Doddabidarkal

Year

Language

Unknown

Kannada

Current State Secure inside a temple compound. White enamel painted.

No translation provided in the EC

EC9 Bn35 “Inscription Stones of Bangalore� by Udayakumar.pl@gmail.com


Location

Dasarahalli

Year

Language

¬1000 AD

Kannada

Current State In a 15’X15’ vacant site with a corrugated metal roof, littered with construction debris.

EC9 Bn38

Inbatur

Chaura “Inscription Stones of Bangalore” by Udayakumar.pl@gmail.com


Location

Dasarahalli

Year

Language

¬1250 AD

Kannada

Current State In a 15’X15’ vacant site with a corrugated sheet roof, littered with construction debris.

No translation provided in the EC

EC9 Bn38

“Inscription Stones of Bangalore” by Udayakumar.pl@gmail.com


Location

Marathalli

Year

1508 AD

Language

Telugu

Current State In an open public space, stone is smeared with turmeric & kumkum

EC9 Bn52 Narasinga Raya “Inscription Stones of Bangalore� by Udayakumar.pl@gmail.com


Location Dodda Nekkundi

Year

1304 AD

Language

Tamil

Current State Rests against a tree at a busy intersection. Most part of the stone is hidden behind a flex banner and a sugarcane juice vendor uses the space between the stone and tree to stash crushed cane

EC9 Bn53

Erumurkkada ppali

Nekkundi Periyanadu

Ariyas

Chola

Masandinadu

Dorasamuttira Sivagange Pandya Vira-vallaladeva-nadu

Nakkigundi Mahevaras “Inscription Stones of Bangalore� by Udayakumar.pl@gmail.com


Location Dodda Nekkundi

Year

1304 AD

Language

Tamil

Current State Rests against a roadside tree at a busy intersection. Most part of the stone is covered from sight by a flex banner and a roadside sugarcane juice vendor uses the space between the stone and tree to stash crushed cane

EC9 Bn53

…continued from previous page “Inscription Stones of Bangalore” by Udayakumar.pl@gmail.com


Location

Year

Sadarmangala

1337 AD

Language

Tamil

Current State Lying unrecognised in a vacant site

Hosala Vira Vallala Devar

EC9 Bn60 Turaivalinadu “Inscription Stones of Bangalore� by Udayakumar.pl@gmail.com


Location Someshwara Temple inside NAL Belur Campus

Year

1350 AD

Language

Tamil

Current State Secure inside a temple deep inside NAL Belur campus. Access to the general public is only on Mondays 9am-1pm

EC9 Bn72 & 73

“Inscription Stones of Bangalore” by Udayakumar.pl@gmail.com


Location Someshwara Temple inside NAL Belur Campus

Year

1381 AD

Language

Tamil

Current State Secure inside a temple deep inside NAL Belur campus. Access to the general public is only on Mondays 9am-1pm

Velur

EC9 Bn72 & 73

Turaivali-nad (Land of Banana ?)

“Inscription Stones of Bangalore� by Udayakumar.pl@gmail.com


Location Bangalore Museum

Year

890 AD

Language

Tamil

Current State Secure in the museum

Komaran gundu Bempuru

EC9 Bn83

Galanjavagilu

Tovaguru Kudal

PuvinaPullimangala

Kutanidanalluru

Igalluru Saramu

Elkunde

Parvaru

“Inscription Stones of Bangalore� by Udayakumar.pl@gmail.com


Location Bangalore Museum

Year

890 AD

Language

Tamil

Current State Secure in the museum

1865 photo by Henry Dixon of the Virakal at Begur Nageshwara temple before it was shifted to the museum EC9 Bn83 …continued from previous page Bempur

Tumbepadi

Ganga Kula

Gangavadi 96 thousand Ereyapparasa

Ayappadeva Nagattara

Dagmonelmalli Bira Mahendra

Nigattara “Inscription Stones of Bangalore” by Udayakumar.pl@gmail.com


Location Year Basement of 1270 AD Nageshwara Temple Current State Secure in the temple

Language

Tamil

EC9 Bn85a-c

“Inscription Stones of Bangalore” by Udayakumar.pl@gmail.com


Location Year Basement of 1270 AD Nageshwara Temple Current State Secure in the temple

Language

Tamil

EC9 Bn85a-c

“Inscription Stones of Bangalore” by Udayakumar.pl@gmail.com


Location Year Basement of 1110Nageshwara 1300 AD Temple Current State Secure in the temple

Language

Tamil

EC9 Bn85a-c

“Inscription Stones of Bangalore” by Udayakumar.pl@gmail.com


Location

Nageshwara Temple

Year

900 AD

Language

Kannada

Current State Secure in the temple

EC9 Bn87

Nagattara

Manemagaddin

Pegura “Inscription Stones of Bangalore� by Udayakumar.pl@gmail.com


Location

Nageshwara Temple

Year

900 AD

Language

Kannada

Current State Secure in the temple

EC9 Bn88

Nagattara

Tondabbe “Inscription Stones of Bangalore” by Udayakumar.pl@gmail.com


Location

Nageshwara Temple

Year

900 AD

Language

Kannada

Current State Secure in the temple

EC9 Bn88

Nagattara

Tondabbe “Inscription Stones of Bangalore” by Udayakumar.pl@gmail.com


Location

Nageshwara Temple

Year

900 AD

Language

Kannada

Current State Secure in the temple

MAR 1915

Nagattara

Bengaluru

Buttana Shetty “Inscription Stones of Bangalore� by Udayakumar.pl@gmail.com


Location

Year

Language

Yeshwantapura

1650 AD

Kannada

Current State Secure inside a temple compound. Smeared with turmeric & kumkum

EC9 Bn124

“Inscription Stones of Bangalore” by Udayakumar.pl@gmail.com


Location

Kodigehalli

Year

Language

1431 AD

Kannada

Current State By the side of a fairly busy road. Very susceptible to being hit by a passing vehicle, road is frequented by heavy commercial vehicles

EC9 Bn127 Accurate record of a Solar eclipse on Aug-8, 1431

Vijayanagar

Devasamudra

Devaraya

Virupaskhapura

Yelahnaka-nad

Sivanasamudra

Yelahnaka-nad “Inscription Stones of Bangalore� by Udayakumar.pl@gmail.com


Current State

Location Kodigehalli

Year

Language

1431 AD

Kannada

By the side of a fairly busy road. Very susceptible to being hit by a passing vehicle, road is frequented by heavy commercial vehicles

EC9 Bn127 Vijayanagar Accurate record of a Solar eclipse on Aug-8, 1431

Devasamudra

Devaraya

Virupaskhapura

Yelahnaka-nad

Sivanasamudra

Yelahnaka-nad “Inscription Stones of Bangalore� by Udayakumar.pl@gmail.com


Location

Year

Language

Nagashettyhalli

Unknown

Kannada

Current State

Set in the compound wall of a home

EC9 Bn131

“Inscription Stones of Bangalore” by Udayakumar.pl@gmail.com


Location

Vibuthipura

Year

1307

Language

Tamil

Current State Secure within the premises of the Veerashaiva mutta. Alongside is a modern day stone inscription that provides the English & Kannada transalations of the original Tamil inscription

Posala-ViraVallala-Devar Masandinadu

EC9 Bn133 Sembidevar

Accountant of nada Villa-gamaudar

Cleared jungle, levelled land, built a village, constructed lake

Peru-Erumur

Vachhidevarpuram “Inscription Stones of Bangalore� by Udayakumar.pl@gmail.com


Location

Vibuthipura

Year

Language

1307

Tamil

EC9 Bn133

…continued from previous page “Inscription Stones of Bangalore” by Udayakumar.pl@gmail.com


Location

Hebbala

Year

Language

1308 AD

Kannada

Current State Have been used to line a roadside drain. They have been moved from their original locations and are kept alongside an unmarked veeragalu

EC9 Bn134&137

Vira-BallalaDevarsa

Elahaka-nad

Hebbala

“Inscription Stones of Bangalore� by Udayakumar.pl@gmail.com


Location

Hebbala

Year

Language

1676 AD

Kannada

Current State Have been used to line a roadside drain. They have been moved from their original locations and are kept alongside an unmarked veeragalu

EC9 Bn134&137 Samudrakote

Old tank of Hebbala

“Inscription Stones of Bangalore� by Udayakumar.pl@gmail.com


Location

Year

Allalasandra

Unknown

Language GranthaTamil ?

Current State

By the side of a road, on the footpath

“Inscription Stones of Bangalore” by Udayakumar.pl@gmail.com


Location

Year

Undisclosed

Unknown

Language

NA

Current State

No inscripritions. Approx 5’x3’ size

“Inscription Stones of Bangalore” by Udayakumar.pl@gmail.com


Location

Dasarahalli

Year

Language

¬750 AD

Kannada

Current State Was destroyed during the construction of a house some 10 years ago per neighbours

EC9 36

Polettalvor

Kukkara

Bidirkkal

Karika-nad

Palikkari-nad

“Inscription Stones of Bangalore” by Udayakumar.pl@gmail.com


Location

Dasarahalli

Year

980 AD

Language

Kannada

Current State Was destroyed during the construction of a house some 10 years ago per neighbours

EC9 37

“Inscription Stones of Bangalore� by Udayakumar.pl@gmail.com


Location

Yeshawantapura

Year

Language

1431 AD

Kannada

Current State Was carted away by workers during the construction of a house some 15 years ago per neighbours

EC9 125

“Inscription Stones of Bangalore” by Udayakumar.pl@gmail.com


Location

Yeshawantapura

Year

Language

1650 AD

Kannada

Current State Was carted away by workers during the construction of a house some 15 years ago per neighbours

EC9 126 Elavakka-nad

Yejavantapura

“Inscription Stones of Bangalore� by Udayakumar.pl@gmail.com


Location

Yelahanka

Year

1303 AD

Language

Tamil

Current State

Untraceable

EC9 18

“Inscription Stones of Bangalore” by Udayakumar.pl@gmail.com


Location

Year

Language

Dodadabettahalli

Unknown

Kannada

Current State

Untraceable

EC9 20

“Inscription Stones of Bangalore” by Udayakumar.pl@gmail.com


Location

Singanayakanahalli

Year

Language

Unknown

Kannada

Current State

Untraceable

EC9 22

“Inscription Stones of Bangalore” by Udayakumar.pl@gmail.com


Location Suspected to be submerged in a Kalyani

Year

Chikkabanavara

1140

Language

Kannada

Current State

Untraceable

EC9 25

Hoysala-devas dandanayka Udeyamayya

Kadambur

“Inscription Stones of Bangalore” by Udayakumar.pl@gmail.com


Location

Doddabomasandra

Year

Language

Unknown

Kannada

Current State

Untraceable

EC9 26

Kukkala-nad

Bukka-Nayaka

Bommahalli

Granted for an Agrahara “Inscription Stones of Bangalore� by Udayakumar.pl@gmail.com


Location

Allalasandra

Year

1340AD

Language

Kannada

Current State Untraceable

EC9 31

Vira-Ballala

Unnamalepatttana

Yalahaka-nad Sena Bohava Allala

Fort of Haramaravur “Inscription Stones of Bangalore� by Udayakumar.pl@gmail.com


Location

Belur

Year

1300 AD

Language

Tamil

Current State

Untraceable

EC9 74

“Inscription Stones of Bangalore” by Udayakumar.pl@gmail.com


Location

Belur

Year

1301 AD

Language

Tamil

Current State

Untraceable

EC9 75

Periya-nadu

Saruga-nadu

Vira-Vallala-deva-nadu “Inscription Stones of Bangalore” by Udayakumar.pl@gmail.com


Location

Devasandra

Year

Language

1376 AD

Kannada

Current State

Untraceable

EC9 132

Devasamudra

Illaipaka-nadu

Bukkannavodeyar

“Inscription Stones of Bangalore� by Udayakumar.pl@gmail.com


Location

Hebbala

Year

Language

1689 AD

Kannada

Current State

Untraceable

EC9 136

hana

“Inscription Stones of Bangalore” by Udayakumar.pl@gmail.com


Location

Kethmaranahalli

Year

Language

1386 AD

Kannada

Current State

Untraceable

EC9 139

Hariyappavodeyar

Bukkannavodeyar

Jubanahalli

Yalahakanad “Inscription Stones of Bangalore� by Udayakumar.pl@gmail.com


Location Kacharakanahalli

Year 12371286 AD

Language

Tamil

Current State

Sivanisvara temple is unlocatable !

EC9 139a

“Inscription Stones of Bangalore” by Udayakumar.pl@gmail.com


Appendix


Evolution Of The Kannada Alphabet


For fun, I tried to rewrite a beautiful vachana by Allama Prabhu a 12th-century Veershaiva saint using Kannada fonts of his time.

If this were a real stone inscription Hoysala carvers would have turned it into an absolute beauty of course!


Reflectance Transformation Imaging (RTI) Not being a trained archaeologist/epigraphist I am not conversant with the traditional technique of estampage to record inscriptions, anyways I am not keen to touch the stones at all . So I researched for digital imaging techniques that would help me capture inscriptions electronically and found a technique “Reflectance Transformation Imaging� that seems pretty good for this purpose. I have tried the technique on one inscription and am amazed by the result. Here is a small video clip of that exercise. This was my first attempt with the technique and the quality of the photographs I took were far from the recommended quality . The flash failed to go off while shooting some 15 photographs, but still the result was quite impressive: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Wx3lPVZmOyU&t=4s I hope to build RTI models of all existing stone inscriptions in Bangalore and share them freely in the time to come ! If you would like to understand the power of RTI, you will have to download the RTI viewer from http://culturalheritageimaging.org/What_We_Offer/Downloads/View/index.html

And study this RTI model of one small section of a Bangalore stone inscription: https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B94usvKpk9M7WlRMMHNUejhXckE/view?usp=sharing

StoneInscriptionsOfBangalore  

This is my documentation of a self-funded project to rediscover Bangalore's stone inscriptions. This project is motivated purely by my desir...

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