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January 29, 2015

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THE SUPER BOWL In preparation for Super Bowl Sunday on February 1, Tidbits focuses on the history and interesting facts of this famous sporting event. • The Super Bowl has always been played on a Sunday, with the first on January 15, 1967 in the Los Angeles Coliseum. The game wasn’t called the Super Bowl that year, but rather the “World Championship of Professional Football.” The Green Bay Packers defeated the Kansas City Chiefs 35-10, with the Green Bay quarterback Bart Starr named the MVP. Green Bay was also the winner of the second Super Bowl. • Until 2002, the Super Bowl was always played in January, typically the last Sunday of the month. Following the September 11, 2001 attacks, television schedules were delayed by one week, which pushed the Super Bowl back a week into February. The following year, the game was held in January but has been in February ever since. This year, Super Bowl XLIX will take place in The University of Phoenix Stadium in Glendale, Arizona, home of the Arizona Cardinals, and will be the second Super Bowl played in that stadium. • The term Super Bowl did not appear on the game tickets until 1970, and wasn’t identified with Roman numerals until 1971. WANT TO RUN YOUR OWN BUSINESS? Publish a

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5. What year was the novel “Gone With the Wind” published? 6. What institution declares itself to be the largest library in the world? 7. What is the only Central American country that doesn’t have a coastline on the Pacific? 8. What was the Secret Service’s code name for Ronald Reagan? 9. What decade was velcro patented?

?

1. What Olympic figure skaters appeared in the 1992 Super Bowl half-time show? 2. What is the largest bay in the world? What is the 2nd-largest? 3. Who is the patron saint for mountain climbers? 4. What was Chandler’s last name on the TV sitcom “Friends”? What was Joey’s last name?

TRIVIA SPONSORED BY:

THE SUPER BOWL (continued): • In 2016, the Super Bowl will celebrate its 50th anniversary. However, instead of naming it Super Bowl L with Roman numerals like in previous Super Bowls, this game will be marketed with the Arabic numeral "50". It will revert back to Roman numerals in 2017, when it will use LI for the 51st game, which will be held in Houston. • The name Super Bowl is attributed to the Kansas City Chiefs owner Lamar Hunt, who came up with the idea after watching his young daughter playing with a Whamo Super Ball, a toy introduced in 1965 that could bounce six times higher than an ordinary rubber ball. That very ball can be seen exhibited at the Pro Football Hall of Fame in Canton, Ohio. • The Pittsburgh Steelers have won more Super Bowls than any other team. They have played in eight games and emerged the victor in six of those appearances. The Dallas Cowboys and the San Francisco 49ers are close behind with five victories each. Out of seven appearances at the Super Bowl, the Denver Broncos have lost five, the record for the most losses. The team with the most consecutive appearances is the Buffalo Bills from 1990 to 1993. Unfortunately for the Bills, all four of those were losses. Four NFL teams have never made it to the Super Bowl – the Cleveland Browns, Detroit Lyons, Jacksonville Jaguars, and Houston Texans. • Only one team has won Super Bowls in four different decades, the New York Giants, and only one team has lost in four different decades, the New England Patriots. The Minnesota Vikings have played in four Super Bowls, but have never led at any point during any of those games.

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• Three men have been a winner in the Super Bowl both as a player and as a head coach – Tony Dungy, Mike Ditka, and Tom Flores.

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SUPER BOWL

SPORTS QUIZ 1. Name the one football player who has won the Super Bowl MVP three times. 2. How many times has the Super Bowl gone into overtime play? 3. What city will host the Super Bowl’s 50th anniversary game in 2016? 4. T or F: Only one team has played the Super Bowl on their own home field.

5. Tony Dungy won a Super Bowl Championship as coach of the Indianapolis Colts. He also won one as a player. Name the team. 6. How many Super Bowls have been played with zero interceptions—0, 2, 4 or 6? 7. Where was the first indoor Super Bowl played? What two teams played in that game? 8. Seattle scored over 40 points in last year’s Super Bowl. Who was the last team to do so prior to them?


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THE SUPER BOWL (continued): • The NFL has a policy that the game must be held in a stadium that has a climate of at least 50 degrees F, unless it is enclosed. The first indoor game was in 1978. Perhaps this was the result of the record coldest Super Bowl temperature of 39 degrees F in New Orleans for the 1972 game. • A ticket to the first Super Bowl in 1967 cost between $6 and $12. In 2014, the cheapest ticket was around $1,800, while the most expensive seat was close to $450,000. The average price for last year’s game was $3,715, the highest average since the game’s inauguration. • It’s quite an honor to be chosen to sing “The StarSpangled Banner” before the big game. In the inaugural game, it was performed by the University of Arizona and University of Michigan marching bands along with the UCLA choir. Over the years, the privilege has shifted to pop stars, including Barry Manilow, Neil Diamond, Whitney Houston, Cher, and Beyonce Knowles. Two singers have been invited twice – Billy Joel and Aaron Neville. The ranks of “American Idol” have been represented several times with singers Jordin Sparks, Carrie Underwood, Jennifer Hudson, and Kelly Clarkson, and judges Harry Connick, Jr. and Mariah Carey. The last time the game was opened with an instrumental performance of the national anthem was at Super Bowl XXII in 1988 when trumpeter Herb Alpert presented the “Banner.” On one occasion, the national anthem was not sung. That was back in 1977 when Vicky Carr sang “America the Beautiful” instead. • 1992 marked the first year the national anthem was performed in sign language, and since then, a signer has performed along with the vocalist every year. Christina Aguilera made history in 2011 when she forgot the words to the anthem, completely skipping the line about the flag’s broad stripes and bright stars.


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FILLER PAGE 2 1Q09 - WEEK 03 JAN 11 - JAN 17

MOMENTS IN TIME

1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

The History Channel

• On Feb. 2, 1847, the first woman quickly grossed $8 million, a staggerof a group of pioneers commonly ing sum during the Great Depression. known as the Donner Party dies • On Feb. 3, 1953, French oceanduring the group's journey through ographer Jacques-Yves Cousa snowbound Sierra Nevada moun- teau publishes "The Silent World." tain pass. The disastrous trip PRESENTS west Three years later, the film version ended up killing 42 people and turned was released to world acclaim. many of the survivorsNEWSFRONT™ into cannibals. The film, which revealed the hidTRIVIA by members Kara Kovalchik & Sandy • On Feb. 6, 1891, of the DaldenWood universe of tropical fish, whales ton Gang stage an unsuccessful train and Best DocuWhat British duo hit number onewalruses, in 1983wonwith robbery in California -- an inauspicious mentary at the Academy Awards. “Sweet (AreasMade This)? beginningDreams to their careers serious of • On Feb. 7, 1984, while in orbit criminals. Bob, Emmett and Grat Dal- 170 miles above Earth, Navy Capt. What actress portrayed Patsy Cline in the 1985 ton were only three of the 10 Dalton Bruce McCandless becomes the Dreams biographical film ? being to fly untethered sons. The majority of theSweet Dalton boys first human became law-abiding citizens, and one in space when he exits the U.S. What character owned a ghostly horse servedcartoon as a deputy U.S. marshal. space shuttle Challenger and manamed Nightmare? • On Feb. 5, 1918, the steamship Tus- neuvers freely. McCandless orbited cania, transporting over 2,000 Ameri- Earth in tangent with the shuttle at What 17th century phrase “To mph. can soldiers bound for author Europe, iscoined speeds the greater than 17,500 sleep, perchance to coast dream”? torpedoed and sinks off the of Ire- • On Feb. 8, 1990, singer-songwriter land by the German submarine U-77. Del Shannon ("Runaway" and "Hats What is the name of the villain in the Nightmare • On Feb. 4, 1938, Walt Disney re- Off to Larry") commits suicide while onleases Elm"Snow Street movie White and theseries? Seven in the midst of a comeback. ShanDwarfs," his first full-length animated non's widow would later file a highfeature production. Naysayers, in- profile lawsuit against Eli Lilly, the cluding his wife, warned him that au- manufacturer of the antidepressant diences wouldn't sit through a cartoon Prozac, which Shannon had begun PUZZLE fantasy about dwarfs, NUMBER but the film taking shortly before his suicide. © 2014 King Features Synd., Inc.

Fill in the grid so that every column, every row, and every 3 x 3 box contains the digits 1 through 9.

THE SUPER BOWL (continued): • The half-time show has turned into quite an extravaganza over the years. For the first 10 years, the program featured marching bands. In 1976, the group Up With People broke that pattern. Gradually half-time has progressed to top entertainers, with Michael Jackson performing in 1993. Other notable half-timers include Gloria Estefan, Diana Ross, Smokey Robinson, Aerosmith, Britney Spears, Tina Turner, Stevie Wonder, Paul McCartney, The Rolling Stones and U2. In 2014, Bruno Mars sang to a record-breaking television audience of 115.3 million, and earned an Emmy nomination for Outstanding Short-Format Live-Action Entertainment Program. • Lots of Super Bowl viewers watch the game just for the clever commercials. Back in 1967, a 30-second commercial for the first game could be had for around $42,000. Twenty years later the price was $58,000, ten years after that in 1997, it was $1.2 million for the same length of time. In 2007, it cost $2.6 million. In 2014, 43 advertisers paid a record $4.5 million for a commercial. That’s about double the price for the same time during the Oscars telecast. The average commercial costs about $1 million to produce. TRIVIA NEWSFRONT ANSWERS • A Super Bowl ring is valued at about $5,000, depending on the price of gold and diamonds 1. Eurythmics at the time they are created by Josten, the pri2. Jessica Lange mary supplier of high school and college graduation3. rings. The NFL springs forGhost the price of Casper, the Friendly 70 rings to the winning team, who can distrib4. William Shakespeare ute them to whomever they please, even non5. Freddy Krueger players. • Look for more Super Bowl facts in this issue.

ALWAYS FREE ALWAYS FUN

Tidbits Laughs

Two guys were waiting to get into the Super Bowl stadium. First guy: "I wish I'd brought my piano to the stadium." Second guy: "Why would you bring a piano to the Super Bowl?

First Guy: "Because I left the tickets on it."


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September 11, 2014

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BUSY. BUSY. BUSY. BUSY. BUSY. Sharon Opdahl, Agent Sharon 2534 17thOpdahl Avenue South Grand Forks, ND 58201 Agent Bus: 701-746-0495 sharonopdahl.com

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BUSY. BUSY. BUSY. BUSY. BUSY. Sharon Opdahl, Agent Sharon 2534 17thOpdahl Avenue South Grand Forks, ND 58201 Agent Bus: 701-746-0495 sharonopdahl.com

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TIDBITS® BEATING by Janet Spencer

On September 11, 1952, the first artificial aortic valve was installed in a patient in Washington, D.C. Come along with Tidbits as we take a look at the human heart!

HEART ATTACK FACTS • 37% of all deaths in the United States are related to heart disease, making it the largest single cause of natural death. Heart disease kills twice as many people as all forms of cancer combined. The major causes are smoking, fatty diet, high blood pressure, obesity, stress, heredity, lack of exercise, and diabetes. It is an illness produced of man's environment. Before 1900, heart attacks were very rare. The rate of heart disease increased so sharply between 1940 and 1967 that the World Health Organization called it the world’s most serious epidemic. • Every single cell in the heart is guided by an electrical impulse which synchronizes the heartbeat so all muscle cells contract in unison to pump the blood. During a heart attack, the cells begin firing out of turn so the efficiency of the heart is lost and the blood does not get pumped. When doctors shock the heart, the shock overrides each cell’s individual firing mechanism and once again synchronizes every cell, hopefully getting them all to work together again. WANT TO RUN YOUR OWN BUSINESS? Publish a

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HEART ATTACK FACTS • 37% of all deaths in the United States are related to heart disease, making it the largest single cause of natural death. Heart disease kills twice as many people as all forms of cancer combined. The major causes are smoking, fatty diet, high blood pressure, obesity, stress, heredity, lack of exercise, and diabetes. It is an illness produced of man's environment. Before 1900, heart attacks were very rare. The rate of heart disease increased so sharply between 1940 and 1967 that the World Health Organization called it the world’s most serious epidemic. • Every single cell in the heart is guided by an electrical impulse which synchronizes the heartbeat so all muscle cells contract in unison to pump the blood. During a heart attack, the cells begin firing out of turn so the efficiency of the heart is lost and the blood does not get pumped. When doctors shock the heart, the shock overrides each cell’s individual firing mechanism and once again synchronizes every cell, hopefully getting them all to work together again.

• Very Quiet Vacuum • Self Adjusting • Works on Carpet & Hard Floors • Long Hose & Attachments • Long 39 Foot Cord

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House of Vacuums 746-9300 • 1-800-481-9303

A dentist with 2 years of additional training beyond dental school to specialize in dental care for infants, children & adolescents. Your child will love coming to see us!

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Mrs.

On September 11, 1952, the first artificial aortic valve was installed in a patient in Washington, D.C. Come along with Tidbits as we take a look at the human heart!

Publish a

Anything else is a compromise

Issue # 884

wickpub@yahoo.com

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701-739-2403 Mikala Hoge, DDS

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NOTEWORTHY INVENTORS:

BINNEY & SMITH

The inventions of Edwin Binney and C. Harold Smith are used every single day around the world. Although their most famous creation is the crayon, they are responsible for other conveniences as well, as you’ll discover as you read along. • In 1884, Edwin Finney’s father Joseph founded the Peekskill Chemical Company in Peekskill, N.Y. The company’s specialty was creating colors of black and red, for example, lampblack, printing ink, charcoal, and a paint containing red iron oxide used to paint American barns red. The company earned a gold medal award in chemical and pharmaceutical arts at the 1900 Paris Exposition for their ingenuity in creating black chemical colorants. Peekskill went on to achieve notoriety for an idea presented to the B.F. Goodrich Company. By adding carbon black to the traditional white automobile tire, not only did the color of the tire change, but the process strengthened the rubber and improved tread life, making the tires five times more durable. • Edwin’s cousin C. Harold Smith joined the company around 1885, and they expanded their product line to include shoe polish. In 1900, the cousins purchased a stone mill in Easton, Pennsylvania, a region where a large supply of slate could be found. This paved the way for the production of slate pencils for schools. • Binney began experimenting with a mixture of slate waste, cement, and talc, and before long had created the first dustless white chalk. The company was awarded a gold medal for their An-Du-Septic Dustless Chalk at the 1904 St. Louis World’s Fair. For the next 50 years, Crayola used the image of their gold medal on their crayon packages.

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• Binney & Smith had already developed the Sta-on-al industrial wax marking crayon for marking shipping crates and barrels in 1902. But the formula, which was full of carbon black, was considered too toxic for use by children, so they began experimenting with a safer recipe using paraffin wax and colored pigments. Binney’s wife Alice, a former schoolteacher, conceived the name for their new product by combing two French words – craie, meaning chalk, and ola, short for oleagineux, the French word for oily, because they were made of petroleum-based wax. In 1905, the company began selling a box of eight crayons for a nickel, and the product was an instant success. They quickly expanded to 18 different sizes of crayon boxes with five different sizes of crayons. • Next, Crayola expanded their line to include items for art students, such as Perma-Pressed sharpenable fine art crayons and Artista brand paints. • Although Smith died in 1928 and Binney in 1934, Crayola continued to grow, introducing a 48-pack of assorted color crayons in 1949, and 64 colors in 1958 in a box that had a built-in sharpener for the first time. Today there are more than 100 different types of Crayola crayons, including those that have glitter added, some that glow in the dark, others that smell like flowers, or change color, and still others that can be easily washed off walls. Crayola markers were introduced in 1978. • Crayons were inducted into the National Toy Hall of Fame in 1998.

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by Linda Thistle

Draw a star in exactly 10 of the empty squares in the diagram below so that each numbered square accurately indicates how many immediately adjacent squares (horizontally, vertically or diagonally) contain a star.

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A guy finally got tickets to the Super Bowl, but his seats were in the nosebleed section -- but he didn't care. He had always dreamed of going to the Super Bowl. Hoping to find a seat closer to the field, he made his way toward the front. He spied an empty seat and asked the gentleman next to it whether anyone was sitting there. The man replied, "Help yourself. That was my wife's seat, but she just died." "Well," says the first guy, "why didn't you just bring a friend or relative"? The man replied, "Oh, they're all at the funeral."

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MORE SUPER BOWL FACTS

• More than 100 million people watch the Super Bowl every year. Only one other event has surpassed 100 million, 1983’s series finale of M*A*S*H. • In terms of the amount of food eaten on any particular day, Super Bowl Sunday is second only to Thanksgiving. It should be no surprise that Super Bowl Sunday is the highest pizza sales day of the year. Domino’s Pizza alone sells more than 11 million pizza slices on the day, about 80% more than a normal Sunday. An estimated 1.25 billion chicken wings will be consumed during the game. Back in 2000, game-watchers ate about 8 million lbs. of avocados during the Super Bowl, but with that industry’s increased advertising and emphasis on guacamole snacks, thet number has skyrocketed to 79 million lbs. If you’re counting, that’s about 158 million avocados.

© 2015 King Features Synd., Inc.

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Answer

Weekly SUDOKU

• If you live in Georgia, keep in mind that it is illegal to have a picnic in a graveyard in that state. • Given the rise in foodie culture, it's no wonder that there are a plethora of cookbooks available covering every imaginable kind of comestible. However, you might be surprised to learn just how far back the recording of food preparation goes: One of the earliest known recipes was written on cuneiform tablets and has been dated almost 4,000 years ago to around 1700 B.C. • Those who study such things say that a giraffe can go longer without water than a camel can. • People who are indigenous to the high altitudes of the Andes have more blood than do people who live at sea level -- 3 quarts more. * * * Thought for the Day: "I love deadlines. I like the whooshing sound they make as they fly by." -- Douglas Adams

Answer

• It's not known who made the following sage observation: "The best way to lie is to tell the truth -- carefully edited truth." • In a survey conducted by the Cumberland Farms chain of convenience stores last year, more than half of respondents said they would rather have jury duty for a week than give up coffee for the same length of time. A whopping 69 percent would rather give up alcohol than coffee for a week. • Finland once banned Donald Duck comics because the title character doesn't wear pants. • You might be surprised to learn that World War II played an important role in the rise of popcorn as a favorite snack at the movies. During the war, the U.S. was cut off from many sugar-exporting nations, causing shortages and rationing on the home front. The scarcity of sugar resulted in a dearth of candy being offered at the box office, causing popcorn sales to skyrocket.

• The Vince Lombardi Trophy awarded to the winner of the Super Bowl takes four months to create. It’s manufactured in Parsippany, New Jersey, by Tiffany, who has made every single trophy since the first game in 1967. The trophy wasn’t called the Lombardi Trophy back then, when the legendary coach led his Green Bay Packers to the first two victories. The game was called the AFL-NFL World Championship and up until 1971, the trophy was inscribed with the words “World Professional Football Championship.” After Lombardi died of colon cancer in 1970, the trophy was renamed and the Baltimore Colts became the first team to receive it as the Vince Lombardi Trophy at Super Bowl V. The trophy is made entirely of sterling silver and stands 22 inches tall, weighing 7 lbs. The silver itself is valued around $3,500, but the completed trophy’s worth is given as $25,000.

King CROSSWORD

by Samantha Weaver


MORE SUPER BOWL FACTS (continued): • Air • Cruises • Tours • Funjet • MLT Vacations • Amtrak • Vacation Packages www.stentrav.com

775-5099 • Toll Free 1-800-358-2891

DIFFERENCES: 1. Sign is missing. 2. Dog's ear is shorter. 3. Mitten is removed. 4. Sun is missing. 5. Book is missing. 6. Cap is missing. © 2015 King Features Synd., All rights reserved.

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Quiz Answers

1. Dorothy Hamill & Brian Boitano 2. Bay of Bengal; Hudson Bay 3. St. Bernard 4. Bing; Tribbiani

5. 1936 6. Library of Congress 7. Belize 8. Rawhide 9. 1950s (1955)

• Although Peyton Manning was 37 years and 10 months old when he played in 2014’s Super Bowl, he wasn’t the oldest quarterback to Answer: Dell. play in the championship game. That honor A VERY LARGE NUMBER belongs to John Elway, who was 38 when he • played EdwardinKasner a mathematician. In 1938 Superwas Bowl XXXIII in 1998. Elhe was asked to come up with a name for a way was also that game’s MVP. The youngest very large number: the numeral one, followed starting Super Bowl quarterback was Ben Roby a hundred zeros. He asked his two young ethlisberger, who at 23, the suggest. winning QB nephews what name theywas would for the Pittsburgh Steelers in Super Bowl XL • Nine-year-old Milton suggested a name in 2006. out of the funnies. A cartoon strip character • Jerry has was scored most Milton Super Bowl namedRice Barney verythe popular. chose Barney’s last of name the number. touchdowns anyforplayer. Rice achieved TD’s in four the different games, three • eight Kasner announced new name forinthe big games as a San Francisco 49er and in one as number in his next book, altering the spelling. Oakland Raider. Emmitt Smith is a Brin dis• an Sixty years later, Larry Page and Sergey tant second with five touchdowns in his three developed a new internet search engine. Other games a Dallassearched Cowboy.each webpage and search asengines ranked them according to how • The last time the Super Bowl wasmany a daytimes game,a specific term appeared on them, but Page and ending before the local sunset, was in January Brin designed their search engine to search for of the1977. specific term and then find out how many links there were that led back to that • In 2011, Cowboy Stadium in Dallas ranpage, into whichseating resulteddifficulties in a better when searchthey engine. some failed to install athey section of temporary • properly They decided needed a nameseats. that reflected how ticket many holders websites the search This left 1,250 without seats. engine was They thearound name Officials weresearching. able to place 850took people of Edward Kasner’s very large number, only the stadium in vacant seats, but 400 remained they misspelled it slightly, so it ended up being unseated. NFL promised a triple refund for spelled exactly the same way the cartoon the $800 tickets to all 1,250 people. character Barney spelled his last name. What’s • In 1981, the Louisiana Superdome it called? (Answer at bottom of page) in New Orleans honored the 52 American COMPUTER FACTS hostages who had just been released from 444 days in • In 1981 Bill Gates said, “640 kb of memory captivity in Iran by for displaying a gigantic yelought to be enough anybody.” low ribbon over the main entrance to the sta• Moore’s Law states that computer performance dium. doubles every 18 to 24 months, and ever since 1971, this hasfor been true. Thanks Reading Tidbits! • HP, Google, Microsoft, and Apple were all started in garages. Answer: Google, from googol. .COM

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Tidbits Grand Forks - January 29, 2015  

"The Super Bowl"

Tidbits Grand Forks - January 29, 2015  

"The Super Bowl"

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