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Of Grand Forks • East Grand Forks
May 1, 2014
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A WALK DOWN
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There are more than 10,466 miles of streets in the United States named Main Street. Even if the “main” street in a city or town is not called “Main,” it is there – usually the most important street in an area’s history.
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• “The Main” in Montreal is actually named Boulevard St-Laurent, also known as St. Lawrence Boulevard. It is considered the symbolic dividing line between the English and French communities in the city. Designated a National Historic Site in 2002, the street was made famous by the music of Leonard Cohen and books by Mordecai Richler. • Another Canadian Main Street was once listed as the longest road in the world. Yonge Street in Toronto runs from the Lake Ontario shore through Toronto north to become Highway 11 and continue through many country towns and wilderness to Lake Simcoe. Turn the page for more! Paper in Your Area
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• Main Streets are all over the world and tell many varied stories. Canada has its share. One of the most famous is the Main Street in Winnipeg, where it intersects with Portage Avenue, considered the heart of Winnipeg, the center of the country and thereby the heart of Canada. It is also said to be the coldest intersection in Canada! (eh, pretty much an unfair assessment!)
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• The Main Streets at Disney theme parks are based on Walt Disney’s hometown when he was a boy, Marceline, Missouri. Walt wanted to create an area that would bring back memories of childhood in a small town.
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Quiz Bits 1. 2. 3. 4.
5. What kind of candy did the boy use to lure the extraterrestrial in the movie “E.T.”? Main Street USA at Disney World’s 6. What kind of landform is deMagic Kingdom has Fire Station scribed as a flat-topped hill with number 71. Why is it that number? steep sides? What is the most popular street 7. Approximately, how long does it name used in the United States? take for a fingernail or toenail to Which group had a hit with the grow from base to tip? 8. What day of the week was named song “Long Cool Woman (In a after the Roman god Jupiter? Black Dress)”? What is the abnormal fear repreTRIVIA sented in pedophobia?
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• San Luis, Arizona’s Main Street is unusual in that it comes to a dead-end at the Mexican border. • The Main Street of Melvindale, Michigan runs through a trailer park near The Ford River Rouge automobile plant, which was the largest factory in the world when it was fully operational. The Rouge, which is now a museum, was where the Model A automobile was first produced in 1927. The gigantic facility was Henry Ford’s idea with a factory that would achieve “a continuous, nonstop process from raw material to finished product.” • The Rouge in many ways functioned as a city, without its own Main Street or residents! It had its own railroad with 16 locomotives, a bus network with 15 miles of paved streets, a police force, fire department, and even a fully staffed hospital. In the 1930s, at its peak, more than 100,000 people were employed at The Rouge.
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MAIN STREET (continued): • Yonge Street was removed from Guinness list of records in 1998, possibly because of road changes near Barrie, Ontario. The distance for the road is 1,178 miles (1,896 km), which sure seems long enough to be distinctive! A brass plaque is embedded in the sidewalk on Yonge Street near Toronto’s waterfront, across from Dundas Square, that marks distances to key cities of Ontario. The street was named after Sir George Yonge, an expert on Roman roads, by Ontario’s first governor.
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4. Who did Tommy Morrison beat to win the WBO world heavyweight boxing title in 1. Who holds the record for most 1993? major-league home runs hit 5. Name the first frontcourt before the age of 21—Mel player to lead the (then) Ott, Ken Griffey, Jr., Mickey Pac-10 Conference in assists Mantle or Bryce Harper? for a season? 2. Who holds the record for 6. In the 2013-14 season, the longest TD run (56 yards) Anaheim Ducks became by a NFL quarterback in the the fifth NHL team since playoffs? 1973-74 to record at least 3. When was the last time that one point in each of its first Argentina’s men’s soccer team 20 home games. Name two played in a World Cup final? of the other four.
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• Some Main Streets have had many years of decay before being brought back to life by history lovers. One such place is York, Pennsylvania. By 1978 all four of its downtown department stores were shuttered. Through programs provided for re-establishing downtown areas, the town is now thriving and Main Street is a popular destination.
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• Natchitoches, Louisiana, founded in 1714, is the oldest settlement in the Louisiana Purchase. The main street in the downtown area faces the Cane River and is named Front Street. This “main” street is kept alive by many small stores with southern charm, tasty restaurants plus a fabulous annual Christmas Festival. It is a destination street to visit. Natchitoches was also given a boost in popularity by the movie, Steel Magnolias, shot on location in 1989. • A famous motorcycle gathering fills up Main Street and the entire city of Sturgis, South Dakota annually. The 74th Annual Sturgis Motorcycle Rally will be August 4-10, this year. The first rally was held in 1938 with nine motorcyclists in a race. Now the rally attracts as many as 600,000 motorcycle enthusiasts; but they don’t all race!
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MAIN STREET (continued): • Have you heard of the longest Main Street in America? The city limits of Island Park, Idaho follow a 35 mile drive on U.S. highway 20 that connects Idaho with West Yellowstone, Montana and Yellowstone National Park. The rural town is only 500-5000 feet wide along the highway with fishing lodges, mountain views, the very cold Henry’s Fork (also known as the North Fork of the Snake River), Henry’s Lake as well as Island Park Reservoir. Western hospitality beckons visitors to stop and explore.
: i Some spiders' brains extend into
their legs. i A human's lips do not sweat. i A platypus swims with its ears and nostrils shut.
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MAIN STREET (continued): • The small town of Wallace, Idaho was formed when the silver boom was happening in the surrounding mountains. The main street is actually Bank Street, with impressive old brick buildings harking back to the town’s glory days. With only about 1,000 residents the town hangs on to its roots and entertains travelers along Interstate 90, in the Silver Valley of northern Idaho.
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• About 11 miles west of Wallace is Kellogg, another small Silver Valley town. The residents approved $8 million in bonds in the late 1980s to build a gondola from Kellogg to the top of Silver Mountain Ski Resort. The 3.1 mile gondola ride is North America’s longest and is available for summer adventures on the mountain as well. The ski area was actually owned by the city and its taxpayers for a number of years but is now owned by a private company. In 2008 the company opened Idaho’s largest indoor water park as well, keeping the town on the radar for year round fun.
Justask ask us.us. Just Bill Gose | 701-746-4541 Bill Gose 701-746-4541 JustI ask us.| Grand Forks 2915 South Washington Street
(Next Happy Joe 2915BillS. Washington St. Gose |to701-746-4541 Grand Forks, ND 2915 South Washington Street | Grand Forks
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• The entire small town of Eureka Springs in the Ozark Mountains or northern Arkansas is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. South Main Street is included in a loop that can be enjoyed on a drive or trolley ride through the hilly terrain. Like many historic small towns, tourism is the biggest business.
Some discounts, coverages, payment plans and features are not available in all states or in all GEICO companies. See geico.com for
Some discounts, coverages, payment plans and features are not available in all states or in all GEICO companies. more details. GEICO and Affiliates. Washington DC 20076. GEICO See geico.com for more details. GEICO and Affiliates. Washington DC 20076. GEICO Gecko image © 1999-2013. Gecko image © 1999-2013. © 2013 GEICO.© 2013 GEICO.
• While many towns and cities have Main Streets that thrive because either the city government kept the downtowns alive or private citizens invested time and effort, some have needed help from outside interests. In the U.S., the National Trust for Historic Preservation has a nonprofit subsidiary, the National Main Street Center, Inc., that provides grants and advice to help.
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ANNE MURRAY When the 2010 Olympic Ceremony in Vancouver featured famous Canadians in the opening ceremony, Anne Murray was one of them. She’s been called Canada’s “Songbird” for many years. • Morna Anne Murray was born in 1945, the fourth child and only daughter to James and Marion Murray. She grew up with five brothers in Springhill, Nova Scotia. Anne was a tomboy and in her own words, “the reason I became a successful singer was that, as a kid, I could never do anything as well as my brothers. I wanted to do something better than they did.” She started singing as a child, took voice lessons as a teen, and hasn’t stopped singing! • Murray’s 40+ year career has garnered her 20 number one hits. She has sold more than 54 million albums. • Murray’s first paid music job was while she was studying at the University of New Brunswick. She was hired to sing at the Curling Club at Fredericton. This may not sound great, but curling is a very popular sport in Canada! It was a good assignment. • When the snow flies and winter sets in for the northern U.S. and Canada many people become snowbirds and head south. Since “Snowbird” was her first big hit, Murray’s fans are often called snowbirds too. It was the second song ever written by Canadian songwriter Gene MacLellan and took Murray to the spotlight internationally. “Snowbird” sold a million copies in 1970 and for the first time in history, an American gold record was awarded to a solo Canadian female. • When Murray became a regular on the “Glenn Campbell Goodtime Hour,” which was a hit show at the time, the American audience fell in love with her even more.
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MOMENTS IN TIME • On May 10, 1749, the 10th and final volume of Henry Fielding's novel "Tom Jones" is printed. The serialized novel told the humorous story of the attempts of the illegitimate but charming Tom Jones to win his neighbor's daughter. • On May 5, 1904, Boston Red Sox pitcher Cy Young (born Denton True Young) throws a perfect game against the Detroit Tigers. It was the first perfect game of the modern era; the last had been thrown by John Montgomery Ward in 1880. It was the second of three no-hitters that Young would throw, and the only perfect game. • On May 9, 1926, according to their claims, polar explorer Richard E. Byrd and co-pilot Floyd Bennett fly over the North Pole in a triple-engine Fokker monoplane, the Josephine Ford. However, the discovery in 1996 of the diary that Byrd kept seemed to suggest that he and Bennett may have turned back 150 miles short of the pole because of an oil leak. • On May 6, 1940, John Steinbeck is awarded the Pulitzer Prize for his novel "The Grapes of Wrath."
The History Channel
The book traces the fictional Joad family of Oklahoma as they lose their family farm and move to California in search of a better life. • On May 7, 1965, in a Clearwater, Fla., motel room, a bleary-eyed Keith Richards awoke, grabbed a tape recorder and laid down one of the greatest pop hooks of all time: The opening riff of "(I Can't Get No) Satisfaction." He then promptly fell back to sleep. • On May 8, 1984, claiming that its athletes will not be safe from protests and possible physical attacks, the Soviet Union announces that it will not compete in the 1984 Olympics in Los Angeles. The boycott was a response to the decision of the United States to boycott the 1980 games held in Moscow. • On May 11, 1997, IBM's supercomputer Deep Blue makes chess history by defeating chess champion Gary Kasparov. The Russian master conceded defeat after 19 moves in the sixth game of the tournament. It was the first defeat of a reigning world champion by a machine in tournament play. © 2014 King Features Synd., Inc.
ANNE MURRAY (continued): • Murray’s music hit the charts in country, pop, and even children’s genres. Her songs “You Needed Me,” “Could I Have This Dance,” and “A Love Song” are songs still requested today. The children’s album she recorded, There’s a Hippo in My Tub, in 1978 was reissued in 2001. • Many honors have been bestowed on Anne Murray including three honorary doctorates from University of New Brunswick, Saint Mary’s University, and University of Prince Edward Island. She graduated from University of New Brunswick with a physical education degree and taught high school in Summerside, Prince Edward Island before her singing career took off. • On June 29, 2007, Murray was honored when Canada Post issued a limited edition Anne Murray stamp. • If you want to see the list of the many honors and awards that Murray has received through the years, pick up a copy of her autobiography, All of Me, which was released in the fall of 2009. She has won a long list of Canadian Juno Awards, which is understandable since it is her home country – but – she also has won four Grammy Awards, a Country Music Association of Great Britain Award and as they say…the list goes on and on! She has been honored by many for her beautiful voice. • Springhill, Nova Scotia, Murray’s hometown, is home to The Anne Murray Centre. Since opening in July, 1989, there have been over 400,000 visitors from around the world to explore the memorabilia of this world-class singer.
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Draw a star in exactly 10 of the empty squares in the diagram below so that each numbered square accurately indicates how many immediately adjacent squares (horizontally, vertically or diagonally) contain a star.
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The first road signs used were milestones that indicated the distance and directions to destinations. Used as early as the 4th Century, BC, there were approximately 50,000 miles of roads in the Roman Empire. • The saying “all roads lead to Rome,” was really true in ancient times. Rome was the hub for trade, commerce, culture, politics and military might in all of Europe for many years. • The Forum Romanum, which is the center of the city of Rome, Italy, has the remains of the Milliarium Aureum (column), or the “Golden Milestone.” It was erected in 20 BC by Augustus, first emperor of the Roman Empire, The column was covered with gilt bronze and was the spot whereby all roads pointed out of the city. The names of the principal cities were engraved on the column along with their distances from Rome.
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• Early automobile owners were mostly the wealthy who used the auto for convenience and entertainment. They formed clubs and started creating their own signs. Colors, shapes, messages, sizes and placements were not uniform from one area to the next! • As early as 1899, owners of horseless carriages in New York City formed an automobile club when they met at the Waldorf-Astoria Hotel. They saw the need for signs to guide drivers through the city or to sites of interest within the city.
• The sex organ of a male spider can be found at the end of one of its legs. • As most health-care workers could tell you, emergency rooms are busier and more mental patients are admitted during the full moon than at any other time of the month. The time of the new moon is only slightly less busy, however. • The next time you're drizzling honey on your biscuit, consider this tidbit: Bees must visit up to 2 million flowers just to produce a single pound of the sweetener. • One might think that an event as momentous as the Wright Brothers' first successful airplane flight in 1903 would have received widespread coverage in the media. One would be wrong. The only newspaper to carry an account of the historic flight was the Virginian Pilot, based in Norfolk. * * * Thought for the Day: "I have never let my schooling interfere with my education." -- Mark Twain
• It was noted Democratic politician Adlai Stevenson who made the following sage observation: "In America, anybody can be president. That's one of the risks you take." • You might be surprised to learn that notorious FBI director J. Edgar Hoover at one time had presidential aspirations. He reportedly believed he would be able to defeat president Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1936, though nothing came of his ambition. • Those who study such things say that a lion and a leopard can successfully interbreed. The resulting offspring is called a leopon. • The first pocket calculator was introduced by Texas Instruments in 1961, intended originally for use by the Air Force. Weighing 10 ounces and being only slightly larger than a pack of cigarettes, the company claimed that it could perform the same calculations as a computer 150 times its size.
• Early road signs in North America were, like those of ancient Rome, mainly for giving the distance from one place to the next. Then as cars became popular in the early 1900s, a need for signs for safety became a high priority.
by Samantha Weaver
Professional Home Inspection Service
Find at least 6 differences in details between panels
DIFFERENCES: 1. Stick is shorter. 2. Jacket is opened. 3. Binoculars are missing. 4. Cap is different. 5. Flashlight is missing. 6. Squirrel is missing. © 2014 King Features Synd., All rights reserved.
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• One known for busy streets, the New York two city wooden spokes, then hitched device to a is horse. It plowed the heavy Illinois soil City, where the proposal for adopting unilike a road charm. In fact, farmersymbols who happened versal signs and atraffic started. to be observing test run put The proposal wasthe brought by immediately the Deputy Chief in an order for his own John Deere plow. Inspector of Police in New York in 1925. • The In short Deererecord gave up • first order, historical ofhis a blacksmith STOP sign shop and focused on making plows. The was in 1915, in Detroit, Michigan. Of course, company grew steadily and added many emmaybe that was because most cars at that time ployees. In the late 1840s, John relocated the were manufactured in Detroit. entire operation to Moline, Illinois. Ashamed
• The Manual on Uniform TrafficJohn Control Deof his own lack of education, sent his children the state’s schools. One of vices for toStreets and finest Highways (MUTCD) his proudest daysinoccurred when sontoday, Charles was first drafted 1934. Still used but theupdated, equivalent an MBA from ofearned course, it of standardized theBell’s signs, Commercial College in Chicago. signals, locations, marking and maintenance roads traffic devices. • for With his and son Charles managing the company, Johnoctagonal found time to pursue philanthropic in• The shape of “STOP” signs was terests. He co-founded both the First Nationfirst recommended by the Mississippi Valley al Bank and the First Congregational Church. Association of State Highway Departments He was elected the mayor of Moline in 1873, inwhere 1923.one Now used,– the signs of universally his first actions the red replaceare easily Originally ment of therecognizable. city’s open drains with a yellow, sewer the red signs with white letters were used pipe system – saved countless lives bynot reducuntil thespread MUTCD revision of 1954. ing the of disease.
• signs are designed instead • Many The original John Deere with logo,figures registered in of1876, just words. makes them recognizable depictedThis a deer that was native to Africa. Thirty-six years 1912, it was re-if without knowing thelater, localinlanguage. Now, withcrossing the image American aplaced kangaroo signofisaonNorth the road, you’ll white-tailed deer. you’re In theindecades that folmost likely know a land down-unlowed, theNew now-familiar “outline” logo took der, not in York City! over as the symbol of the John Deere brand.
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ROAD SIGNS (continued): • Several versions of signs were tested during DEERE. JOHN (continued): the early years ofDEERE. the proliferation of autos. for living the shapes and colors of signs • Standards It was while in Illinois that John noticed developed. the problems that farmers facedused whento were Round signs were attempting to till crossings; soil. Because area had warn of railroad the the octagon was formerly been woodland, the soil was rich used to warn drivers to stop; diamonds were withtohummus, whichthat clumped to used alert drivers cautionand wasclung needed; the blades of the plows farmers were accusrectangular signs were chosen for providtomed to using. While repairing a broken cir-In ing directions and regulatory information. cular saw, Deere stumbled upon an idea. He the beginning signs were all black letters on employed his smith skills to fashion the steel white backgrounds. blade into the shape of a plow. He affixed
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