Page 1


Of Grand Forks • East Grand Forks

August 22, 2013




Issue # 831

Little Paper Ever Read®

Published by: Wick Publications • P.O. Box 12861, Grand Forks, ND 58208 • For Advertising Call: 701-772-8239 •

Family is why we do it all. Sharon Opdahl, Agent Sharon Opdahl 2534 17th Avenue South Grand Forks, ND 58201 Agent Bus: 701-746-0495

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Each square inch of skin contains about 20 blood vessels, 650 sweat glands, 100 oil glands, 65 hairs, and 1,300 nerve endings. Come along with Tidbits as we appreciate the skin!

THE BASIC FACTS • The skin is the largest organ in the body and accounts for 15 to 20 percent of body weight. The skin serves four purposes: to protect the body from injury and invasion; to sense the surrounding environment; to regulate metabolism by storing fat and controlling salt and water content through perspiration; and to control temperature. • The skin is a very efficient temperature control device. When you are hot, blood flow to your skin increases and you start sweating. As your sweat evaporates, it cools the blood in your skin. When you’re too cold, the opposite happens: blood flow to the skin is reduced so that it won’t contact the cold air and lose heat. Sometimes the skin sacrifices itself through frostbite in order to keep your blood warm. • The skin of an average adult human if peeled off and laid flat would measure about 10 square feet. The epidermis, which is the top layer of skin, is about twice as thick as a piece of paper. The cells of the skin are some of the most active in the entire body.

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FAST FACT • Cells in muscles and nerves never die. On the other hand, cells in the skin and the gut live only 18 hours before dying. White blood cells live for two weeks; red blood cells for one month; and liver cells two months.

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THE WHYS and WHEREFORES • Researchers theorize that one of the reasons humans walk upright instead of on all fours is Med Park Mall • 1395 S.S. Columbia Road • •746-1800 Med Park Mall • 1395 Columbia RoadRoad 746-1800 Med Park Mall • 1395 S. Columbia • 746-1800 because it is cooler. Walking upright reduces contact with the hot desert floor, exposes less Join Our Team! skin to direct sunlight, and allows air to cir• Be Self-Employed • Head-to-Toe culate more freely around the body. Humans Services with • Great Location don’t have hairy fur because on the African All Equipment • Fun Environment savanna, heat retention was not necessary. The • Established Salon & Furnishings already in place • Full or Part Time loss of heavy fur reduced the need for water in a desert climate.

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Quiz Bits 1. 2. 3. 4.

5. What movie featured a character called The Dude? 6. What divides the outer ear from You have an entirely new skin every the middle ear in humans? 30 days. So how many new skins 7. What were the boys’ names on will you have in a typical lifetime? the TV show “Home ImproveHow many pounds of dead skin ment”? flakes do you shed every year? 8. How many teeth does a dog have? The most sensitive skin is the eye- 9. “Let Your Love Flow” was a multi-chart hit for which group in lids, the upper lip, and the fingers. 1976? Where is the least sensitive skin? What is the chemical symbol for TRIVIA Mercury?



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• Vitamin D acts as a catalyst, producing proteins that allow minerals such as calcium to move through the intestinal membrane and into the cells. Vitamin D cannot be formed unless it is activated by ultraviolet light. Sunlight does not contain vitamin D; it only activates it. Cats and dogs, when they lick their fur, ingest body fat that has been irradiated on their fur. This serves as a source of vitamin D. Black skin acts as protection against sunburn and skin cancer, while white skin allows enough ultraviolet light to pass through the skin in cold climates where people wear heavy clothing most of the year and their exposure to sunlight is limited. • Oriental people have an extra flap of skin on their eyelids which gives them a slant-eyed appearance. Why? Anthropologists theorize that it protects against cold and glare, helping them cope with bitter, cold winters. Their noses are flat to minimize exposure and reduce risk of frostbite. Their nostrils are narrow, which helps warm up cold air. Their faces have an extra layer of fat to act as insulation, and a layer of fat on the eyelids also acts as a barrier to the cold.

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Grama Butterwick’s Family Restaurant

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Hours: M-F 7-4 • Sat. 8-4 • Sun. 8-3

1421 S. Washington St. • Grand Forks

sports Quiz 1. Name the only switch-hitter to compile at least 300 home runs & 300 stolen bases in his career. 2. Which was the last majorleague team to use six different starting pitchers in a World Series? 3. During the 2012-13 NBA season the Los Angeles Clippers had the longest winning streak in franchise history. How many wins was it?

4. In 2013, brothers Jared, Eric and Jordan Staal played together for Carolina, the fourth brother trio to do so in a game in NHL history. Name the last trio of brothers to do so. (hint: 1980s) 5. Who has tossed the most career shutouts in the history of the Dodgers franchise? 6. In 2013, Mitch Seavey became the oldest person to win Alaska’s Iditarod Trail Sled Dog Race. How old was he when he won the race?

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SUNBURNS • Sun is bad for your skin. The redness of a sunburn means that your skin has actually been injured and the damage doesn’t disappear when the redness does. It accumulates. Even if you’re well tanned, sunlight will still cause your skin to eventually become tough, dry, and leathery. The ultraviolet rays in sunlight also promote skin cancer because they impair the immune cells - the same cells that usually attack cancer cells. Many people, when they get a sunburn, say, “Oh, it’ll turn into a tan in a few days.” But exposure to sunlight activates the pigment which takes about three days to reach the surface of the skin, resulting in a tan. So it’s not the burn turning tan, it’s just the pigment finally showing up. Unlike a tan, a sunburn shows up immediately. Some lightskinned people can burn in 10 to 20 minutes. MADE IN THE SHADE • When a friend of Harvey Schakowsky developed skin cancer, Schakowsky was alarmed. He learned that one way to prevent skin cancer is by wearing protective clothing. “What IS protective clothing?” he asked. Nobody knew. So he decided to look into it. Testing different fibers, he found that a typical cotton T-shirt will block only 50 percent of harmful rays from the sun. After some experimenting, he developed


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a fabric that blocks 99 percent of ultraviolet B radiation and 93 percent of ultraviolet A rays. It’s made of a synthetically woven nylon which is treated with a patented chemical substance. Schakowsky is marketing the line as Solarweave, selling hats, jackets, and shirts. He would like to see all sports players wearing his weave. He’s also pushing for all clothing to be labeled telling consumers what protection, if any, it offers. ~ QUOTE ~ “I never expected to see the day when girls would get sunburned in the places they do today.” - Will Rogers

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Contact your local agent Group Contact your&local agent for for more information: moreIndividual information: t for more information: Medical & <Agent Name> Medicare Financial Services <Agency Name> Coverage <Address> Roger Parkinson • 701-772-1872 H2409, H2410, H2450_2058 (01-2009) <City, ST ZIP> ©2009 Medica. Medica contracts with the federal government. <Phone> 2750 17th Ave. S. • Ste. B • Grand Forks <Hours of Operation> >

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• It was Napoleon Bonaparte who made the following sage observation: “Glory is fleeting, but obscurity is forever.” • In 2006, an 87-year-old Oregon man, Marty Alvey, lost nearly all his sight, due (unsurprisingly) to age-related causes. This is not noteworthy. However, three years later, the same man became faint and dizzy, so he called 911. He began to feel better on the ambulance ride to the hospital, but he wanted to be checked out anyway. By the time the doctor made it to his room, Alvey’s sight had been restored. Even after thorough examinations by two ophthalmologists, no cause was found. • If you’re pregnant in Switzerland, don’t tell anyone the name you plan to give your baby; it’s considered to bring bad luck. • Smugglers will never stop trying to find creative ways to transport illicit goods from one part of the world to another. In 2009, a German

man tried to smuggle 44 lizards out of New Zealand in his underwear; it seems that he had sewn special pockets in his undergarments specifically for the creatures. • If a frog eats too many fireflies, it will begin to glow. • You’ve probably heard or seen pictures of bioluminescent lagoons, but the bacteria that cause this phenomenon are not limited to small bays and inlets. In fact, there is a bioluminescent patch of ocean to be found off the horn of Africa. “Patch” may not be quite the right word to describe it, though; the area that glows is the same size as the state of Connecticut. • You might be surprised to learn that the sweatiest part of the human body is not the armpits; it’s the palms of the hands. * * * Thought for the day: “I hate women because they always know where things are.” -- Voltaire © 2013 King Features Synd., Inc.

HAND FACTS • No one know for sure why the skin gets all wrinkled when it’s wet for long periods of time. However, researchers have noted that when the nerves that supply feeling to a patch of skin is cut, that patch of skin becomes permanently numb-- and it also ceases to become wrinkled when it is wet. It also loses its ability to sweat. Scientists now theorize that wrinkled skin allows for a better grip in wet situations. Hunter-gatherers operating in wet environments would find this advantageous. • There are no muscles in your fingers. Your fingers are controlled by muscles and tendons in your palm, wrist, and forearm. • The wrinkles on the backs of the knuckles of your fingers are the places where the skin is attached to the tendons that move the fingers. (This prevents the skin from moving around like a rubber glove when hands are used for gripping and twisting.) If for some reason the finger joints cease moving, the wrinkles disappear. • The skin on the palm of your hand is unable to tan. THE DIMPLE DEVICE • Patent #560,351 was issued in 1896. It was a device for producing dimples. The rig resembled a hand drill and it was used to “massage the cellular tissues surrounding the spot where the dimple is to be produced.” All one needed to do was merely to put the “knob C of the arm A on the selected spot on the body, the extension D, together with the cylinder F, put in position, then while holding the knob N with one hand the brace ‘I’ must be made to revolve on the axis X. The cylinder F serves to make the skin surrounding the spot malleable.” This contraption was also handy for “nurturing and maintaining dimples already existing” in case you were worried about them disappearing.

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WEST NILE VIRUS RISK FACTORS West Nile virus (WNV) is an infection transmitted by mosquitoes. The mosquito most common for transmitting this virus is one that is widespread throughout the Grand Forks region. This mosquito does not discriminate. People of all ages are susceptible to WNV infection, but the elderly are at higher risk for developing the more severe form of this disease (neuroinvasive illness). Children infected with WNV generally show no symptoms or may have a mild fever. Ideal conditions for mosquito breeding and WNV are a wet spring followed by a hot dry summer. That pretty much describes our season in the Grand Forks region this year and WNV arrived early. The Grand Forks Health Department identified WNV in a bird on July 15th and we continue to identify it’s presence in mosquitoes collected throughout the community. This is a preventable disease and recognizing the risk factors can help reduce your chances of being infected.

Human West Nile Virus Cases August 16, 2013 Number of Cases

North Dakota - West Nile Virus Cases By Date 2002 - 2012

United States

Weekly Data 2002 - 2012 Total Human Cases in ND - 1,385

Risk factors for West Nile virus: • Time of year – The majority of WNV cases occur from July – September. • Geographic region – The Dakotas have reported some of the highest cases per capita in the United States. • Time spent outdoors not wearing protective clothing and mosquito repellent – If you work or spend a lot of time outdoors (golfing, gardening, hunting, etc.), you’re at a higher risk of being bitten by mosquitoes. • Proximity – If you live in an area where WNV has already been identified or near mosquito larval habitat. • If you have a weakened immune system. The best way to prevent West Nile virus infection is to avoid mosquito bites. • Use mosquito-repellant products containing DEET. • Wear long sleeves and pants. • Eliminate any standing water from your property, such as trash bins, plant saucers, rain gutters, buckets, etc. For information about West Nile Virus and the Grand Forks mosquito control program visit our website at or call the Information Line at 701-787-8144

NUGGET OF KNOWLEDGE Saint Bernards, historically depicted as bringing kegs of brandy to freezing travellers, actually carried sugar water lightly lace with brandy. Alcohol causes blood vessels near the surface of the skin to dilate, causing the sensation of warmth. This causes the heart to work harder to provide the blood. However, if the heart is already in a weakened condition, the extra work can cause heart failure.


EMMA EDMONDS • Sarah Emma Edmondson was born in New Brunswick, Canada in 1841. As a young woman, she fled an abusive home situation and changed her name to Emma Edmonds. She wanted to cross the border into the U.S so she dressed as a man and changed her name to Franklin Thompson. The disguise was so successful that she ended up enlisting in the Union army at the start of the Civil War, retaining the alias Franklin Thompson. • She was an excellent soldier and served in many capacities. She worked as a mail carrier, nursing attendant, orderly, and stretcher bearer. She stood with her regiment at Yorktown, Williamsburg, and Manassas. But her greatest contribution was as a spy. • She had many disguises. Once she disguised herself as an Irish peddler woman, claiming she was selling apples and soap to the soldiers. This afforded her access to the Confederate camps, where she chatted with her customers and gathered intelligence about upcoming campaigns. Another time she dyed her hair and skin black using berries, soot, and silver nitrate and got a job as a black laundress in a Confederate camp. She just happened to be standing next to a Confederate officer when a packet of important papers fell out of his pocket unnoticed, and she safely delivered the valuable information to her Union superiors. • One of her most successful episodes of espionage came when she again disguised herself as a male slave by dying her skin. The Confederates put her to work on the fortifications at Yorktown, Virginia. She worked hard and made many sketches of the fortifications which were then smuggled to Union headquarters. The information she gave greatly assisted General McClellan in capturing the town.

• Her escapades ended when she contracted malaria in 1863 and requested a furlough, which was denied. Not wanting to seek medical attention from the army for fear of discovery, she left her comrades in mid-April, never to return. “Franklin Thompson” was subsequently charged with desertion. • When she recovered from the malaria, she wanted to return to the army, but was afraid to do so after seeing “WANTED” posters listing Franklin Thompson as a deserter. Instead, she dropped her male disguise and went to work as a nurse. • She wrote and published her memoirs, Nurse and Spy in the Union Army, the first edition being released in 1864. It sold well, to the tune of 175,000 copies. Edmonds donated the profits from her book to various soldiers’ aid groups. She subsequently married and had three children. • In 1876, she attended a reunion of the 2nd Michigan and was warmly received by her surprised comrades. They joined with her in petitioning the government to have the charge of desertion removed from her military records, and supported her application for a military pension. After an eight year battle and an Act of Congress, “Franklin Thompson” was cleared of desertion charges and awarded a pension of $12 per month in 1884. • In 1897, Edmonds was admitted into the Grand Army of the Republic, the only woman member of this organization of Union Civil War vets. One year later, on September 5, 1898, Emma Edmonds died at her home in La Porte, Texas. In 1901, she was re-buried with military honors at Washington Cemetery in Houston.

Presidential Quotes: “When the people fear government, there is tyranny; when the government fears the people, there is liberty.” ~ Thomas Jefferson

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Draw a star in exactly 10 of the empty squares in the diagram below so that each numbered square accurately indicates how many immediately adjacent squares (horizontally, vertically or diagonally) contain a star.

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Moments in time • On Aug. 30, 30 B.C., Cleopatra, queen of Egypt and lover of Julius Caesar and Mark Antony, takes her life following the defeat of her forces against Octavian, the future first emperor of Rome. She committed suicide possibly by means of an asp, a poisonous Egyptian serpent and symbol of divine royalty. • On Aug. 29, 1876, Charles F. Kettering, inventor of the electric self-starter, is born in Loundonville, Ohio. Kettering’s inventions spread far beyond the automotive industry: He helped develop the refrigerant Freon, and took an active role in the medical industry, inventing a treatment for venereal disease, an incubator for premature infants and artificial fever therapy.


The History Channel

est car, the small, affordable Mark I Mini. The Mini went on to become one of the best-selling British cars in history. At only 10 feet long, the $800 Mini could sit four adults and had a trunk big enough for a reasonable amount of luggage. • On Sept. 1, 1964, pitcher Masanori Murakami becomes the first Japanese man to play in U.S. baseball’s major leagues. Murakami was a teenage baseball prodigy in Japan, and his left-handed sidearm delivery proved an asset in the United States.

• On Aug. 28, 1972, the U.S. Air Force gets its first ace designation since the Korean War when Captain Richard S. Ritchie and his “backseater” (radar intercept officer), Captain Charles B. DeBellevue, • On Aug. 27, 1908, future president shoot down his fifth MiG near Hanoi. Lyndon Baines Johnson is born on • On Aug. 31, 1985, Richard a farm near Stonewall, Texas. As Ramirez, the notorious “Night Stalkpresident, Johnson pushed through er,” is captured and nearly killed by a the creation of Medicare/Medicaid, mob in East Los Angeles, Calif., after Head Start, the Voting Rights Act, the being recognized from a photograph Civil Rights Act and the Department shown on television and in newsof Housing and Urban Development. papers. Ramirez was pulled from • On Aug. 26, 1959, the British Mo- the enraged mob by police officers. tor Corporation launches its new© 2013 King Features Synd., Inc.

Evangelist Jim Brown maintained the “Mr. Ed” television theme song conveyed a satanic message to unwary listeners. “ ‘A horse is a horse’ when played backwards contains the message, ‘the source is Satan’ and ‘someone sung this song for Satan,’” Brown maintained. OOPS! • In Iowa, hundreds of highway signs warning of deer crossings were distributed. The signs pictured the deer with their antlers backwards. • At the San Onofre, CA, nuclear plant, the 420-ton reactor vessel was installed backwards. • So much mail was being sent to Mount Tabor, South Carolina, when it was intended to go to Mount Tabor, North Carolina, that residents in South Carolina dropped the Mount from their name and spelled Tabor backwards to become the town of Robat. • At the end of World War I, Marshal Ferdinand Foch dictated the armistice to Henri Deledicq, a military clerk from French headquarters. In the wee hours of early morning, the sleepy clerk put the carbon papers in backwards. As a result, the Armistice agreement signed on November 11, 1918 in the railway car near Rethondes had signatures on the bottom of an agreement that was printed backwards. No one even noticed.


than any other creature. i There is no time at the center of a black hole.


i A five-seat bicycle is called a quindem. i There are more species of beetles on Earth




BACKWARDS WORDS • A man named Muldoon led a gang of street thugs that kept the entire waterfront area of San Francisco under their tight control in the 1870s. A newspaper wanted to end their tyranny but was so intimidated by the gang that they dared not use Muldoon’s real name. They spelled it backwards and changed the N to an H— and hoodlum entered the language.

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Find at least 6 differences in details between panels

Differences: 1. Hair is different. 2. Bracelet is missing. 3. Handle is missing. 4. Snake’s head is moved. 5. Rug is missing. 6. Lamppost is missing. © 2013 King Features Synd., All rights reserved.

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BACKWARDS WORDS (continued): • Enola, a town in Arkansas, is ‘alone’ spelled DEERE. JOHN DEERE. (continued): backwards. • It was while living in Illinois that John no• A failed cola company in Ohio named their new ticed the problems that farmers faced when pop Norka, advertising, “Remember— Norka attempting to till soil. Because the area had spelled backwards is Akron.”the soil was rich formerly been woodland, • Evian is ‘naïve’ backwards. with water hummus, whichspelled clumped and clung to the blades of the plows farmers • “Have you ever noticed what golfwere spellsaccusbacktomed to using. While repairing a broken cirwards?”- Al Boliska cular saw, Deere stumbled upon an idea. He BACKWARDS employed his smith skillsMOVIES to fashion the steel blade into yell the shape of aonplow. He affixed • The Tarzan is based a yodel Johnny two wooden spokes, then hitched the device Weissmuller learned from his father as a child. to yodel a horse. It plowed the heavy soil The is played backwards andIllinois speeded up a charm. Innormal fact, a farmer tolike three times its rate. who happened to be observing the test run immediately put • Gary baseball in anCooper order forportrayed his own John Deereplayer plow. Lou Gehrig in the movie “The Pride of the Yankees.” •The In short order, upwas his blacksmith problem wasDeere that gave Gehrig left-handed shop and focused on making The and Cooper was right-handed. Toplows. get around company grew steadily and added many emthis, Cooper played his scenes wearing a baseployees. In the late 1840s, John relocated the ball uniform that had the insignia sewn on backentire operation to Moline, Illinois. Ashamed wards. He played right-handed, but then the film of his own lack of education, John sent his was flipped over as it ran through the cameras. children to the state’s finest schools. One of Cooper appeared to be a natural left hander. his proudest days occurred when son Charles • Jack Palance played theofgunslinger in theBell’s movearned the equivalent an MBA from ie Commercial “Shane.” But Palance knew nothing about College in Chicago. horses and a lot of horse scenes required. • With his son Charles managing were the company, Palance was nervous when mounting and indisJohn found time to pursue philanthropic mounting, so when the director filmed him terests. He co-founded both the First Nationdoing a perfect he used that same al Bank and thedismount, First Congregational Church. scene overelected and over the movie and in even ran He was the in mayor of Moline 1873, it where backwards whenever the script called for one of his first actions – the replacePalance to mount his horse. One scene called ment of the city’s open drains with a sewer forpipe Palance into townlives on by hisreduchorse, systemto– gallop saved countless but hethe couldn’t it. So the director asked ing spreadmanage of disease. just canter town, butregistered still Palance •him Thetooriginal Johninto Deere logo, in had trouble. Finally the director told 1876, depicted a deer that was nativePalance to Afri-to just off the horse into town ca.get Thirty-six years and later,walk in 1912, it wasleadreing the animal. This Palance did, and it became placed with the image of a North American one of the mostdeer. dramatic scenes in thethat movie. white-tailed In the decades followed, the now-familiar “outline” logo took Thanks for Reading Tidbits! over as the symbol of the John Deere brand.


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About 1,000 About 1.5 lbs. Heel of foot Hg (hydrargyrum) 5. “The Big Lebowski”



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4. Stastnys 1. Carlos Beltran (Quebec) in 2012 5. Don Sutton 2. Pittsburgh in JayDee 52 Weigand shutouts 1971  701.757.0926 6. He was 53 3. 17 wins 701.210.2452 

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Floor Liners

• Truckbed Protection from Scratches, Dents & Rust • Permanent Bond

Starting at $47500 Installed

• Most advanced floor protection available today • Perfect fit • Rigid core for strength • Surface friction to the carpet • Lower reservoir that channels fluids and debris away from shoes and clothing *Most Makes & Models

Tidbits August 22 Issue  

"Skin," Emma Edmonds" and "Backwards Things"