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• In 1935, President Franklin D. Roosevelt’s New Deal was signed into law. One aspect of it was that the Social Security program was CALL ME TODAY. sharonopdahl.com implemented to limit the hazards of old age, poverty, unemployment, and disability. • The Social Security number (SSN) was creatState Farm Mutual Automobile Insurance Company ed in 1936 for the purpose of tracking the earn1301900 State Farm Indemnity Company, Bloomington, IL ings histories of U.S. workers, for determinState Farm Mutual Automobile Insurance Company 1301900 State Farm Indemnity Company, Bloomington, IL ing Social Security benefit entitlements, and for computing benefit levels. Since then, use of the Social Security number has expanded substantially. Today it may be the most comCarpet Cleaning monly used numbering system in the United www.elitecarpetsgf.com States. Its universal use has led to its adoption Carpet Cleaning • Carpet throughout government and the private sector Cleaning SPECIAL! as a chief means of identifying and gathering • Upholstery $89 information about an individual. Cleaning Vehicle Carpet & • There have been more than 465 million nineSeat Cleaning • Water 3rd row not included. Not valid with digit Social Security numbers issued since Extraction any other offer. Expires 7-13-18 the program started. With just under 1 billion Residential & Commercial possible number combinations, there has never been a need to recycle numbers. Over 5.5 million new numbers are assigned every year. At some point the numbers will run out and a change will be made to keep up that policy, perhaps adding a digit. 1601529 1601529
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4. What percentage of Americans have less than $10,000 set aside for retirement? 5. What is the only U.S. state name to end in three consecutive vowels? 6. The conversion of water vapor to liquid is called what? 7. “Got to Get You Into My Life” appeared on which Beatles album? TRIVIA SPONSORED BY:
1. What is the current ratio of people who are working vs. people collecting Social Security? 2. Is a Social Security number ever re-assigned following a person’s death? 3. What was the first year that Social Security pay-outs exceeded revenue generated?
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SOCIAL SECURITY (cont'd)
• The first set of three digits of a Social Security number is called the “Area Number” and is assigned to the state where you were born, with the lowest numbers starting in the northeast and increasing as you move west and south. Beginning in 1973, they were based on the zip code of the application. • The middle set of two digits is called the “Group Number” and are assigned a number between 01-99, but not in consecutive order. The group number was created as way to organize Social Security Administration filing cabinets into subgroups to make them more manageable. • The final set of four digits is called the “Serial Number” and runs from 0001 through 9999. These are assigned consecutively as applications arrive. • Unfortunately, the formula the administration used to come up with a particular Social Security number was getting increasingly easy for criminals to figure out especially because many people’s social media pages include their birthplace and date of birth. However, the government recognized the problem, and as of June 25, 2011, changed how numbers are assigned. The first three digits no longer indicate the area of birth, and the other six digits are randomized in order to combat fraud and ID theft for those who were born after 2011. • Because the lowest numbers started in the northeastern U.S., you’d expect a Maine resident to have the lowest number ever issued. However, New Hampshire was ultimately given the 001 area number instead. John Winant, three-time governor of New Hampshire, served as the chairman of the Social Security Board. They wanted to honor him by giving him the lowest number ever: 001-01-0001. Winant declined the honor, and it was instead given to New Hampshire’s first applicant, Grace Owen. ...continued
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SOCIAL SECURITY (cont'd)
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• You’d expect Grace Owen’s low number to have been the very first Social Security card ever issued, but it wasn’t. On December 1, 1936, as part of the publicity campaign, Joseph Fay of the Social Security Administration selected a random record from the top of a pile of a thousand records that were stacked on a desk next to him as reporters snapped pictures. He announced that the first Social Security number in history (05509-0001) was assigned to John David Sweeney of New Rochelle, New York. Sweeney died in 1974 at the age of 61 without ever receiving any benefits. Sweeney's widow, however, did receive benefits until she died eight years later. • Cards have never been issued where the first three digits are 000 or 666. There are no cards where any set of digits is all zeros. • Before 1986, people often did not obtain a Social Security number until the age of about 14, since the numbers were used for income tracking purposes, and those under that age seldom earned much. Many youth waited until they turned 16, when it was required for obtaining a driver’s license. • The Tax Reform Act of 1986 required parents to list Social Security numbers for each dependent over the age of 5 for whom the parent wanted to claim as a tax deduction. Before this act, parents claiming tax deductions were simply trusted not to lie about the number of children they supported. Many people lied about the number of kids they had anyway. During the first year of the Tax Reform Act, this anti-fraud change resulted in seven million fewer minor dependents being claimed as dependents. By 1988, parents needed a SSN for children over the age of 2 if they wanted to claim them as dependents, and in 1990 it was lowered again to the age of 1. Today most parents apply for a SSN as soon as their child is born. ...continued
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Traps used in mosquito surveillance programs are not successful in reducing mosquito populations. They are simply a surveillance tool used to collect data about the mosquitoes in our community.
• On June 17, 1885, the dismantled Statue of Liberty, a gift from the people of France, arrives in New York Harbor packed in more than 200 cases. The copper and iron statue was reassembled and dedicated the following year. • On June 13, 1895, Emile Levassor drives a Panhard et Levassor car with a two-cylinder, 750rpm, four-horsepower engine to victory in the world's first real automobile race. He completed the 732-mile course in just under 49 hours, at a then-impressive speed of about 15 mph. • On June 15, 1917, two months after America entered World War I against Germany, Congress passes the Espionage Act. The act made it a crime to convey information intended to interfere with the U.S. armed forces prosecution of the war or to promote the success of the country's enemies. • On June 12, 1940, Edsel Ford agrees to manufacture 9,000 Rolls-Royce-designed engines to be used in British and U.S. airplanes in World War II. A biography about Edsel's father, Henry, later revealed that Henry had already accepted a contract to work with the German government. He eventually reversed his position. • On June 14, 1951, the U.S. Census Bureau dedicates UNIVAC, the world's first commercially produced electronic digital computer. Weighing 16,000 pounds, UNIVAC used 5,000 vacuum tubes, and could perform about 1,000 calculations per second. • On June 16, 1963, aboard Vostok 6, Soviet cosmonaut Valentina Tereshkova becomes the first woman to travel into space. She returned to Earth after 48 orbits, having spent more time in space than all U.S. astronauts combined to that date. • On June 11, 1979, actor John Wayne, born Marion Morrison in Iowa, dies at age 72. In his early acting jobs Wayne was credited as Duke Morrison, a childhood nickname derived from the name of his beloved pet dog.
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Mosquito Surveillance - Why Trap Mosquitoes? The Grand Forks Health Department maintains an active mosquito surveillance program. The more we know about mosquitoes, the better equipped we are to control them. Our surveillance program is responsible for collecting, identifying, and conducting West Nile virus tests on mosquitoes. Traps are distributed throughout the community and the Information gained from these traps include: Mosquito Population – Knowing the population helps us determine if it’s necessary to conduct citywide mosquito spraying. This information also enables us to measure the effectiveness of the mosquito spraying operations.
Species of Mosquitoes – There’s around 43 different species of mosquitoes in North Dakota. Some of these mosquitoes are just annoying pests, but one of them, the Culex tarsalis, is the most common mosquito for transmitting West Nile virus in North Dakota. This mosquito is prevalent in the Grand Forks region. Monitoring and testing the Culex tarsalis mosquito is important because it may enable us to respond to an elevated threat of West Nile virus before it infects the human population. This component of mosquito control is very important in reducing the risk of mosquito-borne disease in our community. Mosquito Activity – Knowing what times the mosquitoes are active is important for getting the best results from our spray operation. We use ultra-low volume sprayers that deliver very small droplets and only 1 ounce of a diluted, non-residual insecticide per acre. Because we’re using such a small amount of insecticide, timing is critical to be successful. This insecticide must directly impact mosquitoes, generally while in flight to be effective. Rotator traps are used to monitor the times the mosquitoes are most active.
Gender Identification – Knowing the sex of the mosquito can be helpful in predicting a new hatch. Male mosquitoes hatch out before females. Therefore, if we see a spike in the number of male mosquitoes collected in our traps, we know there’s the potential for an increase of females soon to follow. That data is helpful in preparing us for a citywide spray. It’s a short warning to get ready.
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SOCIAL SECURITY (cont'd)
• In 1938, the vice president of a company that mass-produced wallets thought it would be a good idea to stick a fake copy of a Social Security card into millions of the wallets, which were then distributed throughout the nation at department stores such as Woolworths. The dummy cards were much smaller than normal Social Security cards, they had the word “specimen” written on them, and they used all red ink which was not the same color as real Social Security cards, but the number written on the fake cards was real: it was the Social Security number that belonged to the vice president’s secretary, Hilda Schrader Whitcher. The FBI subsequently paid a call on Hilda to find out why so many people were claiming her Social Security number as their own. Hilda was assigned a new number. Eventually over 40,000 people illegally appropriated her number, even as late as 1977. • More recently, Todd Davis distributed his SSN in advertisements for his company's LifeLock identity theft protection service, which allowed his identity to be stolen numerous times.
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• You can lose your card 10 times during your lifetime (but only three times in a single year) and still get a free replacement card. After that, it'll cost you to get a new card. Legal name changes don't count toward the limits. • Social Security retirement benefits are based on your highest 35 years of income. • In 2017, the average Social Security retirement benefit was $1,322 per month. For a couple, the average monthly combined benefit was $2,212. In 2017, the maximum Social Security benefit at full retirement age was $2,687. • Today, about 157 million Americans pay Social Security taxes and over 61 million Americans receive Social Security benefits.
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* Annual Percentage Yield (APY) effective 05/30/2018. CDs offered by Edward Jones are bank-issued and FDIC-insured up to $250,000 (principal and interest accrued but not yet paid) per depositor, per insured depository institution, for each account ownership category. Please visit www.fdic.gov or contact your financial advisor for additional information. Subject to availability and price change. CD values are subject to interest rate risk such that when interest rates rise, the prices of CDs can decrease. If CDs are sold prior to maturity, the investor can lose principal value. FDIC insurance does not cover losses in market value. Early withdrawal may not be permitted. Yields quoted are net of all commissions. CDs require the distribution of interest and do not allow interest to compound. CDs offered through Edward Jones are issued by banks and thrifts nationwide. All CDs sold by Edward Jones are registered with the Depository Trust Corp. (DTC).
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• Does honey keep forever? Honey found in King Tut’s tomb was 2,000 years old and it was still good. Honey crystallizes and solidifies over time, but reverts to its original form when the container is placed in a pot of warm water. (Be sure not to boil it, which destroys enzymes.) It keeps well in air-tight plastic or glass containers, but do not store it in metal cans because the acids in the honey will oxidize the metal, ruining the taste. It can be kept indefinitely at room temperature and can be frozen without harm, but heat ruins the nutritional value, and it’s best to store it where the temperature remains constant.
• Honey is great for three reasons. First, it’s one of nature’s most unique foods. Second, it lasts virtually indefinitely. Third, it doubles as a topical antibiotic. • First, is it really one of nature’s most unique foods? It is the only edible foodstuff that is manufactured by insects. Bees collect nectar secreted by flowers, mix it with enzymes from their digestive tract, spit it into a honeycomb, and then dehydrate it by fanning their wings • Can it be used as an effective ointment? Although until it is reduced to about 18% water. bacteria usually thrive in sugary environments, hon• Honey has equal parts of glucose and fructose. In the ey has an acidic pH value of between 3.2 and 4.5, digestive tract, the glucose is absorbed quickly and making it a highly unfavorable environment for bacprovides immediate energy, whereas the fructose is teria. Because honey is so high in sugar and so low absorbed slowly and provides sustaining energy. in water, it acts like a desiccant, drawing the water out of anything it comes into contact with, includ• Due to the high level of fructose, honey is about 25% ing bacteria, which die. This desiccating property of sweeter than ordinary sugar. A tablespoon full of honhoney also means that when it’s used as an ointment, ey contains about 60 calories, which is about the same it draws fluids from the wound, reducing inflammaas sugar. tion. • Honey is fat-free and cholesterol-free and contains 22 amino acids and many essential minerals perfectly • Finally, when moisture is added to honey (such as designed to maintain metabolism in the body of a bee. from a weeping wound), a chemical reaction between water and an enzyme produces hydrogen peroxide • There is one drawback to honey, which is that it cannot as a by-product. Hydrogen peroxide is an antisepbe fed to children under one year old. This is due to tic. Ancient Egyptians used honey for all manner of the risk of botulism. Botulism spores are everywhere, problems, and during World War I, honey mixed with in the dirt, carried by the wind, blowing around as castor oil was used to treat battlefield injuries. It’s efdust. When bees collect nectar, they’re also collecting fective for treating bedsores, burns, sunburns, cuts, microscopic botulism spores and mixing them with scrapes, rashes and so forth. the honey. Normally this isn’t a big deal; botulism is only dangerous when it’s concentrated. Adults can eat • While enjoying your honey, keep in mind that the honey without fear of botulism, but babies have an total output over the lifetime of a single honey bee underdeveloped immune system and do not develop a might equal 1/12th of a teaspoon. To make one pound full complement of protective digestive bacteria until of honey, bees in a colony must visit about 2 million they are about a year old. Because of this, they have flowers and fly over 55,000 miles. less resistance to botulism than adults.
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MIKE by Samantha Weaver
• It was computer guru Jef Raskin who made the following sage observation: "Imagine if every Thursday your shoes exploded if you tied them the usual way. This happens to us all the time with computers, and nobody thinks of complaining." • The Secret Service is well-known today as the protector of the U.S. president, so you might be surprised to learn that it was originally established to fight counterfeit currency. • The world record for the most published works by a single author is held by L. Ron Hubbard (who also, incidentally, founded the Church of Scientology). His first work was published in February 1934, and his final work -- number 1,084 -- was published in March 2006. • Doubtless you've heard of the Taj Mahal in India, but did you know that there is a tourist attraction in America that is so grand it is popularly known as the Taj Mahal of the West? In 1968, a group of Hare Krishnas founded the New Vrindaban Community near Wheeling, West Virginia. Though they began on 100 acres with no electricity or running water, the community now covers more than 1,200 acres and featuresÊPrabhupada's Palace of Gold, an ornate edifice of gold, marble and hand-carved teakwood. The award-winning rose garden alone is said to be worth a trip. • Those who study such things claim that in the wild, animals don't die of old age. • The town of Key Largo, Florida, did not exist before the 1948 film of that name starring Humphrey Bogart made it famous. • Due to a series of earthquakes in 1811 and 1812, the Mississippi River ran backward for a time. *** Thought for the Day: "To fall in love is to create a religion that has a fallible god." -- Jorge Luis Borges
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FOR G.F. COUNTY SHERIFF VOTE JUNE 12
Former and longtime Deputy Sheriff & K9 handler, Mike Lee, announces that he will seek out election as Grand Forks County Sheriff in 2018. Mike Lee accomplishments and agenda items: • 18 years of law enforcement experience and is highly decorated. • Grand Forks Sheriff’s Department’s first ever to receive a lifesaving award after responding to an active shooter situation where a man was shot in the chest. • Received the “Beyond the Traffic Stop” award from the North Dakota DOT for criminal interdiction. • Mike and his K9 partners have won numerous K9 competitions for drug detection, as well as the Iron Dog competition. • Received numerous traffic safety awards. • Will focus on making the department proactive rather than reactive. • Another item on Mike Lee’s agenda is the high recidivism (repeat offenders) rate at the jail. • Will take an active role in curbing the drug epidemic, as well as work with the community in tackling the opioid problems we are facing. • Believes the Sheriff should be a leader in creating a solution to these issues. • Mike has a plan that would reduce the County budget by more $400,000.00 annually. “Effective leadership only happens when great leaders are willing to do uncomfortable things.” Paid for by Big Al’s Construction
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May 28, 2018
• Sunburn relief: Take two nonsteroidal anti-inflammatories right away (aspirin, ibuprofen) and soak a cloth in cold milk. Drape over the burn until it warms to room temperature. Repeat if necessary and apply a light moisturizer. • “When purchasing clothes for a loved one in a care facility, look for garments that are comfortable and stylish, but double-check that they do not require any special care, like ironing or dry cleaning. Also, be sure they are labeled clearly with the person’s name.” — C.G. in Michigan • If you want your chocolate chip cookies to really pop, sprinkle lightly with course sea salt before baking. They do not come out tasting salty. Rather, the salt enhances the sweetness and make the whole thing extra delicious. • “When you shop for shoes, go in the evening. Feet swell and expand throughout the day, so if you buy shoes in the morning, the fit might not feel too good later in the day.” — A.T. in Louisiana • “I make my grilled cheese sandwiches with mayonnaise instead of butter. I know it sounds gross, but it is so good. The oil and egg in the mayo flavor and crisp the bread without leaving it too greasy.” — S.O. in Alabama • To ease the ache of a “brain freeze” after eating or drinking something really cold, simply cup your hands over your mouth and nose. Blow out hot air, and it recirculates to warm your palate in seconds. Works like a charm. Send your tips to Now Here’s a Tip, 628 Virginia Drive, Orlando, FL 32803.
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THE DEMPSTER DUMPSTER
• George Dempster was born in Knoxville, Tennessee in 1887, one of 11 children born to immigrant parents. When he was 19, he went to Panama with his brother to work on the Panama Canal. He was particularly talented at handling the gigantic steam shovels. He even re-designed his steam shovel, improving it so that the bucket, once it was filled, would self-empty. His bosses were impressed and every single steam shovel was re-built following his design. • When George and his brother returned to Tennessee, they started a company named after themselves: The Dempster Construction Company. They built roads, dams, and railways. By 1922 they owned 26 steam shovels including the largest strip-mining shovel in the world at the time. Things were really going well, but then the Great Depression hit. George Dempster watched as the luxurious home he had built was auctioned to the highest bidder to satisfy company debts. But he did not give up. • Instead, he brought in two more of his brothers, reorganized, and formed the Dempster Machinery Company, focusing on building large construction machines, with construction jobs relegated as a side-line. • One of the biggest headaches of owning a construction firm was hauling away the waste generated which had to be loaded onto dump trucks. What he really needed was a way to easily dispose of huge amounts of garbage. He went to work designing something that could do that. In 1935 he built the first unit, dubbing it the “Dempster-Dumpster,” a word he invented using his name and the world “dump.” The Dempster Dumpster was a specially designed truck that could lift a specially designed container over its head, dumping tons of refuse into the rear of the truck, then crushing it before unloading it. ...cont'd
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DIFFERENCES: 1. Cap is reversed. 2. Dinosaur is missing. 3. Racket is shorter. 4. Bow is smaller. 5. Blouse is shorter. 6. Jacket is missing. © 2018 King Features Synd., All rights reserved.
DEMPSTER DUMPSTER (cont'd):
• Dempster Dumpsters reduced the cost of collecting, hauling and dumping garbage more than 75% compared to the cost of performAnswer: Dell. ing the task with conventional dump trucks. A VERY LARGE George Dempster designedNUMBER and built models •capable EdwardofKasner wasaa38,000-lb mathematician. In 1938 handling net load, plus he was asked to come up with a name for the two ton weight of the container, all on a very large number: the numeral one,1939 followed single-axle heavy-duty truck. By the by a hundred zeros. He asked his two young company was also manufacturing the Dempnephews what name they would suggest. ster-Balester, a hydraulic machine capable of •crushing Nine-year-old Milton suggested name and bailing an entire car intoa a billet out of the funnies. A cartoon strip character for shipping. named Barney was very popular. Milton chose • He designed Dempster Dumpster to make Barney’s lastthe name for the number. things easier for his own construction • Kasner announced the new name for compathe big ny, but once other rival companies a look at number in his next book, altering got the spelling. it, they wanted Dempster Dumpsters for them• Sixty years later, Larry Page and Sergey Brin selves. Soon,a new municipalities started putting in developed internet search engine. Other orders, beat the each current methodand of searchbecause engines itsearched webpage having garbage men manually empty garbage ranked them according to how many times a cans into term the back of dump trucks. specific appeared on them, butDempster Page and advertised the their product as engine being to“rat-proof, Brin designed search search for the specificfly-proof, term and then find out how many wind-proof, fire-proof, and scavenlinks there were that led back to that page, ger-proof.” which resulted in a better search engine. • Before long, the five Dempster brothers were •spending They decided theytime needed a out name that their entire turning Dumpreflected how many websites the search sters at Dempster Brothers, Inc. Work with the engine was searching. They took the name U.S. Navy resulted Dempster’s equipment of Edward Kasner’sinvery large number, only being used all over the world. In fact, there they misspelled it slightly, so it ended up being were 125 Dumpsters the docks Pearl Harspelled exactly theonsame way inthe cartoon bor on December 7, 1941. character Barney spelled his last name. What’s it the called? (Answer at bottom of page)over 450 • By 1950s, his company employed COMPUTER FACTS people and was grossing over $6 million a year. Inthe 1981 Gates said, of memory • •By endBill of his career he “640 wouldkbhold over 75 ought to be enough for anybody.” patents. By the time he died of a heart attack •inMoore’s Lawword states“Dumpster” that computer performance 1964, the which he had doubles every 24 months,asand evercorposince coined was used18astocommonly other 1971, this has been true. rate names such as “Kleenex” or “Xerox” or •“Band-aid.” HP, Google, Microsoft,areand Apple all Dumpsters now foundwere in evstarted in garages. ery city all over the world. Answer: Google, from googol.
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Sports Answers 6. Six— Danny 1. 2001 2. O.J. Simpson Manning (‘88), had 2,003 yds. Christian 3. Nashville and Laetner (‘92), Colorado each Ed O’Bannon (‘95), Shane won 10 Battier (‘01), straight Anthony Davis 4. 7 seasons 5. True: last time (‘12) & Jalen Brunson (‘18). was 1984.
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"Social Security," "Honey" and "The Dempster Dumpster"