Primary Infobook Activities

Page 1

Primary Energy Infobook Activities

20

19

A companion guide to the Primary Energy Infobook that includes activities to reinforce basic energy information and introductory facts about the energy sources.

e

Grade Level:

Pri

Primary Int

Sec

Ele Subject Areas: Science

Language Arts

Social Studies

-20

20


NEED Mission Statement The mission of The NEED Project is to promote an energy conscious and educated society by creating effective networks of students, educators, business, government and community leaders to design and deliver objective, multisided energy education programs.

Teacher Advisory Board

Permission to Copy

Constance Beatty Kankakee, IL

Barbara Lazar Albuquerque, NM

James M. Brown Saratoga Springs, NY

Robert Lazar Albuquerque, NM

NEED curriculum is available for reproduction by classroom teachers only. NEED curriculum may only be reproduced for use outside the classroom setting when express written permission is obtained in advance from The NEED Project. Permission for use can be obtained by contacting info@need.org.

Mark Case Randleman, NC

Leslie Lively Porters Falls, WV

Teacher Advisory Board

Amy Constant Schott Raleigh, NC

Melissa McDonald Gaithersburg, MD

In support of NEED, the national Teacher Advisory Board (TAB) is dedicated to developing and promoting standardsbased energy curriculum and training.

Nina Corley Galveston, TX

Nicole McGill Washington, DC

Samantha Danielli Vienna, VA

Hallie Mills St. Peters, MO

Shannon Donovan Greene, RI

Jennifer Mitchell Winterbottom Pottstown, PA

Nijma Esad Washington, DC

Mollie Mukhamedov

Linda Fonner New Martinsville, WV Teresa Fulk Browns Summit, NC Michelle Garlick Long Grove, IL Erin Gockel Farmington, NM Robert Griegoliet Naperville, IL Bob Hodash DaNel Hogan Tucson, AZ

Port St. Lucie, FL

Energy Data Used in NEED Materials NEED believes in providing teachers and students with the most recently reported, available, and accurate energy data. Most statistics and data contained within this guide are derived from the U.S. Energy Information Administration. Data is compiled and updated annually where available. Where annual updates are not available, the most current, complete data year available at the time of updates is accessed and printed in NEED materials. To further research energy data, visit the EIA website at www.eia.gov.

Cori Nelson Winfield, IL Don Pruett Jr. Puyallup, WA Judy Reeves Lake Charles, LA Tom Spencer Chesapeake, VA Jennifer Trochez MacLean Los Angeles, CA Wayne Yonkelowitz Fayetteville, WV

1.800.875.5029 www.NEED.org Š 2019

Greg Holman Paradise, CA

2

Š2019 The NEED Project

Primary Energy Infobook Activities

www.NEED.org


Primary Energy Infobook Activities NEED Curriculum Resources For more in-depth information, inquiry investigations, and engaging activities, download these curriculum resources from shop.NEED.org: Primary Energy Infobook Energy Stories and More Primary Science of Energy Also, check out our digital and interactive infobook activities at www.NEED.org/need-students/ energy-infobooks/.

Table of Contents  Standards Correlation Information

4

Teacher Guide

5

Energy Worksheets

6

� Light

6

� Heat

7

� Motion

8

� Sound

9

� Growth

10

Forms of Energy Detective

11

Renewable Energy Chants

12

Nonrenewable Energy Chants

13

Energy Source Graphics

14

Energy Source Matching

19

Energy Source Matching

20

Renewable or Nonrenewable?

21

Energy Source Crossword

22

Electricity Works for Me

23

Recycling 24   We Use Energy Booklet

25

Answer Keys

27

Evaluation Form

35

e ©2019 The NEED Project

Primary Energy Infobook Activities

www.NEED.org

3


Standards Correlation Information www.NEED.org/educators/curriculum-correlations/

Next Generation Science Standards This guide effectively supports many Next Generation Science Standards. This material can satisfy performance expectations, science and engineering practices, disciplinary core ideas, and cross cutting concepts within your required curriculum. For more details on these correlations, please visit NEED’s curriculum correlations website.

Common Core State Standards This guide has been correlated to the Common Core State Standards in both language arts and mathematics. These correlations are broken down by grade level and guide title, and can be downloaded as a spreadsheet from the NEED curriculum correlations website.

Individual State Science Standards This guide has been correlated to each state’s individual science standards. These correlations are broken down by grade level and guide title, and can be downloaded as a spreadsheet from the NEED website.

4

©2019 The NEED Project

Primary Energy Infobook Activities

www.NEED.org


e

Teacher Guide

&Background

Grade Level

Primary Energy Infobook Activities is a series of student worksheets designed to act as companion pieces that reinforce the vocabulary and concepts in the Primary Energy Infobook. You can download the Primary Energy Infobook from www.NEED.org/need-students/energy-infobooks/. Digital and interactive versions of some of these activities can also be accessed at www.NEED.org/need-students/games-puzzles-activities/.

2Preparation Decide which worksheets you will use and make copies for each student. The energy use booklet will need to be single-sided. Duplicate and enlarge, or project the Energy Source Graphics on pages 14-18 as visual aids when teaching the students the Energy Chants on pages 12-13.

Procedure 1. After you have read the Primary Energy Infobook with the students and discussed the information, have the students complete the forms of energy worksheets on pages 6-11 and discuss. 2. Using the energy source graphics, teach the students the Energy Chant for each source of energy. 3. Have the students complete the energy source worksheets on pages 19-22. Discuss the answers when completed. 4. Have students complete the electricity worksheet on page 23 and the recycling worksheet on page 24 and review.

Primary, grades K-2

Time Approximately 30 minutes to one hour to read the information with students and complete the worksheets. More time may be required to learn the chants and complete source worksheets.

Additional Resources The Primary Energy Infobook can be downloaded as an e-publication for easy use on tablets or interactive boards. Energy Stories and More contains short stories and hands-on activities to further reinforce the information presented in the Primary Energy Infobook. Download Energy Stories and More from shop.NEED.org.

5. Have the students make an energy use booklet using pages 25-26. Have them cut on the solid lines and fold each strip in half so the completely blank sides face out. Stack all pages along the folded edge. Staple twice through the folded edge. Ask students to create cover art and glue the blank sided pages together. 6. Use the Evaluation Form on page 35 to evaluate the activities.

©2019 The NEED Project

Primary Energy Infobook Activities

www.NEED.org

5


Light  Draw a circle around the objects that people use for light.

6

©2019 The NEED Project

Primary Energy Infobook Activities

www.NEED.org


Heat  Draw a circle around the objects that people use for heat.

©2019 The NEED Project

Primary Energy Infobook Activities

www.NEED.org

7


Motion  Draw a circle around the objects that burn fuel to move.  Color the objects that need "people power" to move.

8

©2019 The NEED Project

Primary Energy Infobook Activities

www.NEED.org


Sound  Draw a circle around the objects that send warnings with sound.

©2019 The NEED Project

Primary Energy Infobook Activities

www.NEED.org

9


Growth  Make an X on the objects that DO NOT use the sun's energy to grow.  Color the objects that need the sun's energy to grow.

10

©2019 The NEED Project

Primary Energy Infobook Activities

www.NEED.org


e Forms of Energy Detective Search your classroom to find an example of each form of energy. Draw a picture or write the name of each in the boxes.

light

heat

motion

Forms of Energy Detectives sound

©2019 The NEED Project

Primary Energy Infobook Activities

growth

www.NEED.org

11


Renewable Energy Chants BIOMASS Garbage, wood, landfill gas...it’s all BIOMASS! Hold your nose while chanting, "Garbage, wood, landfill gas." During "it's all BIOMASS", shake your hands near your shoulders.

GEOTHERMAL Geo-Earth, Thermal-heat—GEOTHERMAL—Earth-heat! Hold arms in a circle in front of you during “Geo-Earth.” Cross arms and hug yourself for “Thermal-heat.” Shout “GEOTHERMAL,” then repeat the motions quickly for “Earthheat.”

HYDROPOWER Falling water, HYDROPOWER, HYDROPOWER! With your finger tips touching, hold your hands under your chin and glide your hands down like a waterfall during “Falling water.” For “HYDROPOWER, HYDROPOWER” spin your hands like a turbine.

SOLAR SOLAR ENERGY—sun shine bright, SOLAR ENERGY—give me light! Begin with arms over head in a big circle, swaying from side to side during “SOLAR ENERGY.” Spread arms out wide during “sun shine bright.” Repeat motions for second part of chant.

WIND Energy is flowin’ in the WIND! Make big arm circles, mimicking a wind turbine, as you say this chant.

12

©2019 The NEED Project

Primary Energy Infobook Activities

www.NEED.org


Nonrenewable Energy Chants COAL COAL in the hole—makes light in the night! During “COAL in the hole,” point down with thumbs, hands in fists. During “makes light in the night,” point thumbs upward in rhythm with the cadence of the chant.

NATURAL GAS Burn clean, burn fast—NATURAL GAS! During “Burn clean,” bring one hand up in front of you, palm facing inward. During “burn fast,” bring the other hand up to the first hand. During “NATURAL GAS,” move hands upward together to make the shape of a flame.

URANIUM URANIUM, URANIUM—split goes the atom! Clap twice during “URANIUM, URANIUM.” During “split goes the atom,” clap and bring hands out and up, representing the splitting atom.

PETROLEUM Pump, pump—PETROLEUM! Place hands together in fists in front of you. During “Pump, pump,” partially extend fingers twice and return them to a fist. During “PETROLEUM,” fully extend hands and move them upward, representing oil shooting from a well.

PROPANE Put a little pressure on me—PROPANE! Begin with hands wide apart and bring palms closer together at each word of the chant.

©2019 The NEED Project

Primary Energy Infobook Activities

www.NEED.org

13


BIOMASS

COAL 14

©2019 The NEED Project

Primary Energy Infobook Activities

www.NEED.org


GEOTHERMAL

HYDROPOWER ©2019 The NEED Project

Primary Energy Infobook Activities

www.NEED.org

15


NATURAL GAS

URANIUM 16

©2019 The NEED Project

Primary Energy Infobook Activities

www.NEED.org


PETROLEUM

PROPANE ©2019 The NEED Project

Primary Energy Infobook Activities

www.NEED.org

17


SOLAR

WIND 18

©2019 The NEED Project

Primary Energy Infobook Activities

www.NEED.org


e Energy Source Matching Write the number of the energy source on the line next to its symbol.

1. Petroleum (oil)

________

2. Wind

________

3. Biomass

________

4. Uranium

________

5. Propane

________

6. Solar

________

7. Geothermal

________

8. Hydropower

________

9. Coal

________

10. Natural Gas

________

Š2019 The NEED Project

Primary Energy Infobook Activities

www.NEED.org

19


e Energy Source Matching Write the number of the energy source on the line next to its definition.

1. Petroleum (oil)

________

2. Wind

________

3. Biomass

________

4. Uranium

________

5. Propane

________

6. Solar

________

7. Geothermal

________

8. Hydropower

________

9. Coal

________

10. Natural Gas

________

20

Š2019 The NEED Project

Black rock burned to make electricity. Energy from heat inside the Earth. Energy from flowing water. Energy from wood, waste, and garbage. Energy from moving air. Energy from splitting atoms. Portable fossil fuel gas often used in grills. Fossil fuel for cars, trucks, and jets. Fossil fuel gas moved by pipeline. Energy in rays from the sun. Primary Energy Infobook Activities

www.NEED.org


Renewable or Nonrenewable?

e

 Draw a circle around the renewables.  Draw a square around the nonrenewables.

Petroleum

Biomass Coal

Propane Geothermal

Solar Hydropower

Uranium

Natural Gas Wind ©2019 The NEED Project

Primary Energy Infobook Activities

www.NEED.org

21


e Energy Source Crossword

ACROSS

DOWN

2. The energy of moving air.

1. The energy in waste and wood.

5. The portable gas.

3. Heat energy from inside the Earth.

6. Energy from the sun.

4. The energy in flowing water.

7. Gas moved in pipelines.

5. Liquid fossil fuel.

8. An atom of this element can be split. 9. Black, solid fossil fuel.

22

Š2019 The NEED Project

Primary Energy Infobook Activities

www.NEED.org


Electricity Works for Me Draw a picture to show how you use electricity. Write a sentence to describe how you use electricity.

I use electricity at school.

I use electricity at home.

I use electricity in my community.

I use electricity every day.

Š2019 The NEED Project

Primary Energy Infobook Activities

www.NEED.org

23


Recycling Draw a square around paper or cardboard recyclables. Draw a circle around plastic recyclables. Draw a triangle around metal recyclables. Draw an X over glass recyclables.

24

©2019 The NEED Project

Primary Energy Infobook Activities

www.NEED.org


e We Use Energy Booklet Cut out the strips on the solid lines. Complete the sentence on the right side of the strip. Draw a picture of each energy source on the left side of the strip.

We use to

We use to

We use to

We use to

We use to

Š2019 The NEED Project

Primary Energy Infobook Activities

www.NEED.org

energy .

energy .

energy .

energy .

energy .

25


We use

energy

to

.

We use

energy

to

.

We use

energy

to

.

We use

energy

to

.

We use

energy

to

26

Š2019 The NEED Project

.

Primary Energy Infobook Activities

www.NEED.org


©2019 The NEED Project

Primary Energy Infobook Activities

www.NEED.org

27

Heat  Draw a circle around the objects that people use for heat.

Light

 Draw a circle around the objects that people use for light.


28

ANSWERS

©2019 The NEED Project

Primary Energy Infobook Activities

www.NEED.org

 Draw a circle around the objects that burn fuel to move.  Color the objects that need "people power" to move.

Motion  Draw a circle around the objects that send warnings with sound.

Sound


Growth  Make an X on the objects that DO NOT use the sun's energy to grow.  Color the objects that need the sun's energy to grow.

©2019 The NEED Project

Primary Energy Infobook Activities

www.NEED.org

ANSWERS

29


30

ANSWERS

Š2019 The NEED Project

Primary Energy Infobook Activities

www.NEED.org

8. Hydropower 9. Coal 10. Natural Gas

9 ________ 2 ________

9. Coal

10. Natural Gas

6. Solar

1 ________

6. Solar

6 ________

5. Propane

10 ________

5. Propane

8. Hydropower

4. Uranium

8 ________

4. Uranium

7. Geothermal

3. Biomass

7 ________

3. Biomass

5 ________

2. Wind

4 ________

2. Wind

7. Geothermal

1. Petroleum (oil)

3 ________

6 ________

10 ________

1 ________

5 ________

4 ________

2 ________

3 ________

8 ________

7 ________

9 ________

Write the number of the energy source on the line next to its definition.

(page 20)

Energy in rays from the sun.

Fossil fuel gas moved by pipeline.

Fossil fuel for cars, trucks, and jets.

Portable fossil fuel gas often used in grills.

Energy from splitting atoms.

Energy from moving air.

Energy from wood, waste, and garbage.

Energy from flowing water.

Energy from heat inside the Earth.

Black rock burned to make electricity.

e Energy Source Matching

1. Petroleum (oil)

Write the number of the energy source on the line next to its symbol.

(page 19)

e Energy Source Matching


©2019 The NEED Project

Primary Energy Infobook Activities

www.NEED.org

ANSWERS

31

e

 Draw a circle around the renewables.  Draw a square around the nonrenewables.

Renewable or Nonrenewable?

3. Heat energy from inside the Earth. 4. The energy in flowing water. 5. Liquid fossil fuel.

6. Energy from the sun. 7. Gas moved in pipelines. 9. Black, solid fossil fuel.

8. An atom of this element can be split.

1. The energy in waste and wood. 5. The portable gas.

DOWN 2. The energy of moving air.

ACROSS

e Energy Source Crossword


Recycling Draw a square around paper or cardboard recyclables. Draw a circle around plastic recyclables. Draw a triangle around metal recyclables. Draw an X over glass recyclables.

32

ANSWERS

©2019 The NEED Project

Primary Energy Infobook Activities

www.NEED.org


Awesome Extras! Our Awesome Extras page contains PowerPoints, animations, and other great resources to compliment what you are teaching! This page is available at www.NEED.org/educators/awesome-extras/.

BINGO

A.

Knows the average cost per kilowatt-hour of electricity for residential customers

B.

Can name two renewable energy sources

C.

Has an ENERGY STAR® appliance at home

E.

Can name two ways to save energy at home

F.

Has taken the ENERGY STAR® change a light pledge

G.

I.

Can explain the concept of energy efficiency

J.

Uses two CFLs at home

K.

Knows the perfector/patent holder of the incandescent light bulb Can name two reasons to use an ENERGY STAR® CFL or LED

N. Knows how much energy an incandescent bulb converts to wasted heat

O.

©2015 The NEED Project

©2019 The NEED Project

Primary Energy Infobook Activities

www.NEED.org

www.NEED.org

ME NA E ME NA E

E NA M 1.800.875.5029

P

ME

O

8408 Kao Circle, Manassas, VA 20110

NA M

E NA M

ME NA

NA

N

L

E

K

NA ME

M

H

NA M

ME NA

NA

J

Knows the significance of the ENERGY STAR® rating on appliances Knows what CFL stands for

D

G

ME

I

P.

NA

NA

NA

F

ME

E

L.

ME

C

ME

B

ME

A

Knows which energy source generates the most electricity in the U.S. H. Knows how electricity is generated

Knows a greenhouse gas produced by the burning of fossil fuels

NA

M. Knows what a lumen is

D.

NA M

CHANGE A LIGHT

17

33


Youth Energy Conference and Awards

Youth Awards Program for Energy Achievement

The NEED Youth Energy Conference and Awards gives students more opportunities to learn about energy and to explore energy in STEM (science, technology, engineering, and math). The annual June conference has students from across the country working in groups on an Energy Challenge designed to stretch their minds and energy knowledge. The conference culminates with the Youth Awards Ceremony recognizing student work throughout the year and during the conference.

All NEED schools have outstanding classroom-based programs in which students learn about energy. Does your school have student leaders who extend these activities into their communities? To recognize outstanding achievement and reward student leadership, The NEED Project conducts the National Youth Awards Program for Energy Achievement.

For More Info: www.NEED.org/event/youth-energy-conference-and-awards/

Share Your Energy Outreach with The NEED Network! This program combines academic competition with recognition to acknowledge everyone involved in NEED during the year—and to recognize those who achieve excellence in energy education in their schools and communities.

What’s involved? Students and teachers set goals and objectives and keep a record of their activities. Students create a digital project to submit for judging. In April, digital projects are uploaded to the online submission site.

Want more info? Check out www.NEED.org/need-students/youth-awards/ for more application and program information, previous winners, and photos of past events.

34

©2019 The NEED Project

Primary Energy Infobook Activities

www.NEED.org


Primary Energy Infobook Activities Evaluation Form State: ___________

Grade Level: ___________

Number of Students: __________

1. Did you conduct all of the activities in the guide?

Yes

No

2. Were the instructions clear and easy to follow?

Yes

No

3. Did the activities meet your academic objectives?

Yes

No

4. Were the activities age appropriate?

Yes

No

5. Were the allotted times sufficient to conduct the activities?

Yes

No

6. Were the activities easy to use?

Yes

No

7. Was the preparation required acceptable for the activities?

Yes

No

8. Were the students interested and motivated?

Yes

No

9. Was the energy knowledge content age appropriate?

Yes

No

10. Would you teach this guide again? Please explain any ‘no’ statement below.

Yes

No

How would you rate the guide overall?

excellent 

good

fair

poor

How would your students rate the guide overall?

excellent 

good

fair

poor

What would make the guide more useful to you?

Other Comments:

Please fax or mail to: The NEED Project

©2019 The NEED Project

8408 Kao Circle Manassas, VA 20110 FAX: 1-800-847-1820

Primary Energy Infobook Activities

www.NEED.org

35


National Sponsors and Partners 2019 Exelon Women’s Leadership Summit Association of Desk and Derrick Clubs Foundation Alaska Electric Light & Power Company American Electric Power Foundation American Fuel & Petrochemical Manufacturers Apex Clean Energy Armstrong Energy Corporation Association for Learning Environments Robert L. Bayless, Producer, LLC Baltimore Gas & Electric BG Group/Shell BP America Inc. Blue Grass Energy Bob Moran Charitable Giving Fund Boys and Girls Club of Carson (CA) Buckeye Supplies Cape Light Compact–Massachusetts Central Alabama Electric Cooperative Citgo CLEAResult Clover Park School District Clovis Unified School District Colonial Pipeline Columbia Gas of Massachusetts ComEd ConocoPhillips Constellation Cuesta College Cumberland Valley Electric David Petroleum Corporation David Sorenson Desk and Derrick of Roswell, NM Desert Research Institute Direct Energy Dominion Energy, Inc. Dominion Energy Foundation DonorsChoose Duke Energy Duke Energy Foundation East Kentucky Power EduCon Educational Consulting Edward David E.M.G. Oil Properties Energy Trust of Oregon Ergodic Resources, LLC Escambia County Public School Foundation Eversource Exelon Exelon Foundation Exelon Generation First Roswell Company Foundation for Environmental Education FPL The Franklin Institute George Mason University – Environmental Science and Policy Gerald Harrington, Geologist Government of Thailand–Energy Ministry Grayson RECC ©2019 The NEED Project

Green Power EMC Greenwired, Inc. Guilford County Schools–North Carolina Gulf Power Harvard Petroleum Hawaii Energy Houston LULAC National Education Service Centers Illinois Clean Energy Community Foundation Illinois International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers Renewable Energy Fund Illinois Institute of Technology Independent Petroleum Association of New Mexico Jackson Energy James Madison University Kansas Corporation Commission Kentucky Office of Energy Policy Kentucky Environmental Education Council Kentucky Power–An AEP Company Kentucky Utilities Company League of United Latin American Citizens – National Educational Service Centers Leidos Linn County Rural Electric Cooperative Llano Land and Exploration Louisiana State University – Agricultural Center Louisville Gas and Electric Company Midwest Wind and Solar Minneapolis Public Schools Mississippi Development Authority–Energy Division Mississippi Gulf Coast Community Foundation National Fuel National Grid National Hydropower Association National Ocean Industries Association National Renewable Energy Laboratory NC Green Power Nebraskans for Solar New Mexico Oil Corporation New Mexico Landman’s Association NextEra Energy Resources NEXTracker Nicor Gas Nisource Charitable Foundation Noble Energy North Carolina Department of Environmental Quality North Shore Gas Offshore Technology Conference Ohio Energy Project Oklahoma Gas and Electric Energy Corporation Oxnard Union High School District Pacific Gas and Electric Company PECO Pecos Valley Energy Committee People’s Electric Cooperative Peoples Gas Pepco Performance Services, Inc. Petroleum Equipment and Services Association Permian Basin Petroleum Museum

8408 Kao Circle, Manassas, VA 20110

1.800.875.5029

www.NEED.org

Phillips 66 Pioneer Electric Cooperative PNM PowerSouth Energy Cooperative Providence Public Schools Quarto Publishing Group Prince George’s County (MD) R.R. Hinkle Co Read & Stevens, Inc. Renewable Energy Alaska Project Resource Central Rhoades Energy Rhode Island Office of Energy Resources Rhode Island Energy Efficiency and Resource Management Council Robert Armstrong Roswell Geological Society Salal Foundation/Salal Credit Union Salt River Project Salt River Rural Electric Cooperative Sam Houston State University Schlumberger C.T. Seaver Trust Secure Futures, LLC Seneca Resources Shell Shell Carson Shell Chemical Shell Deer Park Shell Eco-Marathon Sigora Solar Singapore Ministry of Education Society of Petroleum Engineers Sports Dimensions South Kentucky RECC South Orange County Community College District SunTribe Solar Sustainable Business Ventures Corp Tesla Tri-State Generation and Transmission TXU Energy United Way of Greater Philadelphia and Southern New Jersey University of Kentucky University of Maine University of North Carolina University of Rhode Island University of Tennessee University of Texas Permian Basin University of Wisconsin – Platteville U.S. Department of Energy U.S. Department of Energy–Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy U.S. Department of Energy–Wind for Schools U.S. Energy Information Administration United States Virgin Islands Energy Office Volusia County Schools Western Massachusetts Electric Company Eversource