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Mystery World Tour An activity exploring energy sources and the unique attributes of different countries around the world.

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Grade Levels:

Elem

Elementary

Pri Ele

Int

Intermediate

Sec

Subject Areas: Science

Social Studies

Math

Language Arts


NEED Mission Statement The mission of The NEED Project is to promote an energy conscious and educated society by creating effective networks of students, educators, business, government and community leaders to design and deliver objective, multisided energy education programs.

Teacher Advisory Board

Permission to Copy

Constance Beatty Kankakee, IL

Greg Holman Paradise, CA

James M. Brown Saratoga Springs, NY

Barbara Lazar Albuquerque, NM

NEED curriculum is available for reproduction by classroom teachers only. NEED curriculum may only be reproduced for use outside the classroom setting when express written permission is obtained in advance from The NEED Project. Permission for use can be obtained by contacting info@need.org.

Amy Constant - Schott Raleigh, NC

Robert Lazar Albuquerque, NM

Teacher Advisory Board

Nina Corley Galveston, TX

Leslie Lively Porters Falls, WV

Samantha Danielli Vienna, VA

Hallie Mills St. Peters, MO

Shannon Donovan Greene, RI

Jennifer Mitchell Winterbottom Pottstown, PA

Linda Fonner New Martinsville, WV Teresa Fulk Browns Summit, NC Michelle Garlick Long Grove, IL Erin Gockel Farmington, NM Robert Griegoliet Naperville, IL Bob Hodash DaNel Hogan Tucson, AZ

Mollie Mukhamedov Port St. Lucie, FL Don Pruett Jr. Puyallup, WA

In support of NEED, the national Teacher Advisory Board (TAB) is dedicated to developing and promoting standardsbased energy curriculum and training.

Energy Data Used in NEED Materials NEED believes in providing teachers and students with the most recently reported, available, and accurate energy data. Most statistics and data contained within this guide are derived from the U.S. Energy Information Administration. Data is compiled and updated annually where available. Where annual updates are not available, the most current, complete data year available at the time of updates is accessed and printed in NEED materials. To further research energy data, visit the EIA website at www.eia.gov.

Judy Reeves Lake Charles, LA Tom Spencer Chesapeake, VA Jennifer Trochez MacLean Los Angeles, CA Wayne Yonkelowitz Fayetteville, WV

1.800.875.5029 www.NEED.org Š 2018

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Mystery World Tour

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Mystery World Tour Table of Contents ƒƒStandards Correlation Information

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ƒƒTeacher Guide

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ƒƒAnswer Key and Rubric

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ƒƒCountry Passports

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ƒƒRenewable Energy Source Characteristic Sheets

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ƒƒNonrenewable Energy Source Characteristic Sheets

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ƒƒEvaluation Form

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©2018 The NEED Project

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Standards Correlation Information www.NEED.org/curriculumcorrelations

Next Generation Science Standards ƒƒ This guide effectively supports many Next Generation Science Standards. This material can satisfy performance expectations, science and engineering practices, disciplinary core ideas, and cross cutting concepts within your required curriculum. For more details on these correlations, please visit NEED’s curriculum correlations website.

Common Core State Standards ƒƒ This guide has been correlated to the Common Core State Standards in both language arts and mathematics. These correlations are broken down by grade level and guide title, and can be downloaded as a spreadsheet from the NEED curriculum correlations website.

Individual State Science Standards ƒƒ This guide has been correlated to each state’s individual science standards. These correlations are broken down by grade level and guide title, and can be downloaded as a spreadsheet from the NEED website.

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Teacher Guide

&Background

Grade Levels

This activity is designed to challenge students to first identify a country from a shaded world map. Students will then devise a possible energy plan that resolves identified energy challenges and is consistent with the climate and available resources of the country. Students will present their countries to the class without identifying the country, and describe the proposal they have developed. Classmates are then asked to identify the country.

ƒElementary, ƒ grades 3-5

There are two possible approaches for this activity. Option A incorporates the use of country passports, which have already been filled in with the pertinent information. This option allows you to complete the activity in less time, but does not give your students the experience of researching and becoming familiar with another country. Option B uses blank country passports that your students must complete using the required information to execute their presentations. This option requires more time, but allows students to become very familiar with a country besides their own. In both options, the goal of each student or group is to present the basic information about their country, yet not completely reveal the identity of their country.

3-5 class periods plus homework, depending on the option chosen

This activity provides many opportunities for collaboration with other teachers, including gradelevel partners, other departments, and teachers within your district.

ƒIntermediate, ƒ grades 6-8

Time

:Online Resources CIA World Factbook http://www.cia.gov/library/ publications/resources/theworld-factbook/index.html

Objectives

U.S. Energy Information Administration www.eia.gov

ƒStudents ƒ will be able to identify and describe important information about a country, including climate, GDP, population, industries, and resources.

International Energy Agency www.iea.org

ƒStudents ƒ will be able to identify strengths and weaknesses of a country. ƒStudents ƒ will be able to identify energy-related strengths and weaknesses and design an energy plan for a specific country.

 Materials ƒCountry ƒ passports ƒInternet ƒ and/or library access ƒPassport ƒ to the United States of America for projection and discussion ƒArt ƒ supplies (optional)

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Mystery World Tour

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Option A – USING COMPLETED COUNTRY PASSPORTS 2Preparation ƒRead ƒ the activity and decide if you’ll have your students work individually or in small groups. There are 26 country passport sheets that you can use with your class; some of them are more difficult to identify than others. If you have more than 26 students and wish for them to work individually, a blank template is provided that can be completed with the information needed for the number of countries you require. ƒDecide ƒ if your students will work entirely electronically, or if students will create a paper display. ƒGenerate ƒ a grading rubric for your students’ work. It may be worthwhile to focus on one or two factors for assessing energy needs and grade most heavily on those areas. Share the rubric with your students. A sample rubric can be found on page 9. ƒElectronic ƒ Delivery: ƒProvide ƒ students with access to the digital copy of the country passport you have assigned to each individual or group. ƒCreate ƒ a web page or similar master file with a world map. Provide a link to or highlight each of the countries your students are studying. Students can link their presentation files to the appropriate place on the map. ƒCreate ƒ a master folder of energy source icons that students can use to identify the source(s) of energy that will best meet the energy needs of their assigned country. Students will place these icons in the appropriate place on the teacher’s web page or master file before presenting their countries, similar to an electronic sticker. ƒPaper ƒ Display: ƒCopy ƒ enough country passport pages for each student or group to have their own. There are 26 country passport pages that you can use with your class. If you have more than 26 students, a blank template is provided that can be completed with the information necessary for the number of countries you require. ƒPrint ƒ enough energy icon symbols on sticky labels so that each student or group has one set and cut them apart. Students will use these icon stickers on their maps to identify the energy sources that will best meet the energy needs of the country.

Procedure 1. Introduce the activity. Display the example country passport for the United States of America. Discuss with the students the economic, geographic, climatic, and other factors that have helped determine our country’s energy mix. 2. Explain to the students that they will each be learning about a different country. They will analyze the energy challenges present in their country, and determine a plan that describes how they would solve the energy challenges of the country, while still considering climate, geography, resources, and economic factors. 3. Review the ten different energy sources as a class using the energy source characteristics sheets. If necessary, refer to the infosheets from the appropriate Energy Infobook for your grade level. These infosheets describe the energy sources in detail. Infobooks can be downloaded from shop.NEED.org. 4. Allow students sufficient time to determine the identity of their country, and think about or discuss the statistics and information about their country. Electronic version ƒHave ƒ students prepare an electronic presentation or digital tour showcasing their country, using music, video clips, photographs, text, and other multimedia elements. Presentations could be slideshows, web pages, or any variety of digital delivery formats. The presentations should include a brief description of the country, its current energy situation, its energy needs, and suggestions for additional sources of energy to meet its needs. ƒWhile ƒ students are making their presentations, the rest of the class should be writing down their first and second guesses about the identity of the country. A bank of country names can be provided for students if desired. Prizes or rewards can be offered for students who guess the most countries correctly, and for the favorite “tour“ presentation.

CONTINUED ON NEXT PAGE

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Mystery World Tour

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Paper version ƒHave ƒ students prepare a display about their country, using charts, diagrams, photographs, and text. The display should include a brief description of the country, its current energy situation, its energy needs, and suggestions for additional sources of energy to meet its needs. ƒAs ƒ a class, students will tour all of the country displays, writing down their first and second guesses about the identity of each country. A bank of country names can be provided for students if desired. Prizes or rewards can be offered for students who guess the most countries correctly, and for the favorite “tour“ presentation.

Option B – USING BLANK COUNTRY PASSPORTS 2Preparation ƒRead ƒ the activity and decide if you’ll have your students work individually or in small groups. There are 26 country passport pages that you can use with your class; some of them are easier to work with than others. If you have more than 26 students and wish for them to work individually, a blank template is provided that can be completed with the information necessary for the number of countries you require. ƒDecide ƒ if your students will work entirely electronically, or if students will create a paper display. ƒGenerate ƒ a grading rubric for your students’ work. It may be worthwhile to focus on one or two factors for assessing energy needs and grade most heavily on those areas. Share the rubric with your students. A sample rubric can be found on page 9. ƒElectronic ƒ Delivery: ƒProvide ƒ access to the digital copy of the blank country passport you have assigned to each individual or group. ƒCompile ƒ a list of suggested sources students can use to gather information. This is an excellent time to collaborate with the school’s media specialist or librarian. ƒCreate ƒ a web page or similar master file with a world map. Provide a link to or highlight each of the countries your students are studying. Students can link their presentation files to the appropriate place on the map. ƒCreate ƒ a master folder of energy source icons that students can use to identify the source(s) of energy that will best meet the energy needs of their assigned country. Students will place these icons in the appropriate place on the teacher’s web page or master file before presenting their countries, similar to an electronic sticker. ƒPaper ƒ Display: ƒCopy ƒ enough blank country passport pages for each student or group to have their own. There are 26 blank country passport sheets that you can use with your class. If you have more than 26 students, a blank template is provided that can be completed with the information necessary for the number of countries you require. ƒCompile ƒ a list of suggested sources students can use to gather information. This is an excellent time to collaborate with the school’s media specialist or librarian. ƒPrint ƒ enough energy icon symbols on sticky labels and cut them apart. Students will use these icon stickers on their maps to identify the energy sources that will best meet the energy needs of the country.

Procedure 1. Introduce the activity. Display the example country passport for the United States of America. Discuss with the students the economic, geographic, climatic, and other factors that have helped determine our country’s energy mix. 2. Explain to the students that they will each be learning about a different country, and their first task is to identify the country to which they have been assigned. They will also be tasked with completing their country’s blank passport. Inform students that you will give them ample time to research. 3. Review the ten different energy sources as a class using the energy source characteristics sheets. If necessary, refer to the infosheets from the appropriate Energy Infobook for your grade level. These infosheets describe the energy sources in detail. Infobooks can be downloaded from shop.NEED.org. 4. Provide sufficient time for students to gather information about their assigned countries. One class period is the minimal amount of time needed to gather enough information.

CONTINUED ON NEXT PAGE ©2018 The NEED Project

Mystery World Tour

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Electronic version ƒHave ƒ students prepare an electronic presentation or digital tour showcasing their country, using music, video clips, photographs, text, and other multimedia elements. Presentations could be slideshows, web pages, or a variety of digital delivery formats. The presentations should include a brief description of the country, its current energy situation, its energy needs, and suggestions for additional sources of energy to meet its needs. ƒWhile ƒ students are making their presentations, the rest of the class should be writing down their first and second guesses about the identity of the country. A bank of country names can be provided for students if desired. Prizes or rewards can be offered for students who guess the most countries correctly, and for the favorite “tour“ presentation. Paper version ƒHave ƒ students prepare a display about their country, using charts, diagrams, photographs, and text. The display should include a brief description of the country, its current energy situation, its energy needs, and suggestions for additional sources of energy to meet its needs. ƒAs ƒ a class, students will tour all of the country displays, writing down their first and second guesses about the identity of each country. A bank of country names can be provided for students if desired. Prizes or rewards can be offered for students who guess the most countries correctly, and for the favorite “tour“ presentation.

Passport to the United States of America (page 10) This passport is completed so your students have a frame of reference for comparison. Sometimes numbers for literacy, GDP, area, and population have no meaning unless there is something to which they can be compared.

Option A – Completed Country Passports (pages 11-36) The completed country passports have been filled in with the relevant information your students will need to complete the activity as outlined in Option A. These pages are each available as individual file downloads.

Option B – Blank Country Passports (pages 37-62) These country passports are blank except for the shading of the country on the map. Use these if following Option B. These pages are each available as individual file downloads.

Undesignated Country Passport (page 63) This passport sheet is entirely blank. You can use it if you need more than 26 countries for your class.

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Answer Key and Rubric Answer Key to Countries A – Australia

H – Egypt

O – Indonesia

V – South Africa

B – Brazil

I – Mexico

P – Japan

W – Tanzania

C – Canada

J – France

Q – Kenya

X – Turkey

D – Chile

K – Germany

R – Portugal

Y – Ukraine

E – China

L – Greece

S – Russia

Z - Venezuela

F – Costa Rica

M – Iceland

T – Saudi Arabia

G – Denmark

N – India

U – Senegal

Sample Rubric Topic (Maximum Point Value)

Does not meet expectations (0)

Barely meets expectations (20%)

Meets most expectations (40%)

Meets expectations (60%)

Exceeds expectations (80%)

Far exceeds expectations (100%)

Words are spelled correctly (5)

0

1

2

3

4

5

Geographical information is presented accurately (20)

0

5

10

15

20

25

Energy information is presented accurately (20)

0

5

10

15

20

25

Energy recommendations are based on information presented (10)

0

2

4

6

8

10

Energy recommendations are realistic (5)

0

1

2

3

4

5

Display is creatively and neatly presented (5)

0

1

2

3

4

5

Total Points Possible: 65

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Total Score

Total

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Passport to the United States of America

3

Area

3.79 million sq. mi

Government

Federal presidential constitutional republic

9.83 million km2

Geography

North America; coastal plains, deciduous forests inland, grasslands in center, 2 major mountain ranges

Literacy Rate

99.0%

Climate

SE humid subtropical; eastern half is humid continental; semi-arid plains in north central; western has alpine mountains; SW is arid; West Coast is Mediterranean; northwest coastal regions are oceanic, and the extreme north is subarctic and polar

Monetary Unit

American Dollar

Language(s) English spoken Population

Gross Domestic Product (in 2017 US $)

19.39 trillion

326,625,791

Major Resources Renewable: timber Nonrenewable: iron, copper, other metals, petroleum, natural gas, coal; world’s largest reserve of coal

Predominant Industries S Agriculture S Manufacturing Cars, household goods, Steel, petroleum products S Fishing S Tourism

S Mining Coal, iron, copper S Logging S Technology S Services

Energy Information Energy is provided mostly from petroleum (37%), from coal (15%), and from natural gas (29%); world’s largest consumer of petroleum

Major Environmental Concerns and Environmental Actions Pesticides, nuclear waste disposal, air pollution, and greenhouse gas emissions; emits 14.95 tons of CO2 /capita annually

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Passport to Country A

3

Area

Government

Federal parliamentary constitutional monarchy

Flattest continent; least fertile soil; rain forest in the north, mostly desert and grassland on the interior

Literacy Rate

99.0%

Desert and arid on the interior, tropical and subtropical on coasts

Monetary Unit

Australian Dollar

2,941,299 sq. mi. 7,741,220 km2

Geography Climate

Language(s) English spoken Population

Gross Domestic Product (in 2017 US $)

1.246 trillion

23,232,413

Major Resources Renewable: none Nonrenewable: bauxite, coal, iron ore, copper, tin, natural gas, petroleum, other metals including uranium, diamonds

Predominant Industries S Agriculture — wheat and wool 0 Logging 0 Manufacturing 0 Technology 0 Fishing S Services S Tourism (70% of GDP) S Mining Iron, coal, metals, Aluminum ore

Energy Information Electricity generated mostly from fossil fuels (73%); passed CO2 emissions tax in 2012; third largest LNG exporter; world’s largest coal exporter; high potential for solar in northern half, geothermal in north central region

Major Environmental Concerns and Environmental Actions High percentage of plants and animals are endemic; species are threatened by human activity; very high per capita carbon dioxide emission, 16 tons of CO2 /capita annually ©2018 The NEED Project

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Passport to Country B

3

Area

Government

Federal presidential constitutional republic

South America; equatorial; 200-600 m elevation; rain forest; mountains

Literacy Rate

91.3%

Tropical, equatorial, with various microclimates

Monetary Unit

Real (R$)

3,287,597 sq. mi. 8,515,770 km2

Geography Climate

Language(s) Portugese spoken Population

Gross Domestic Product (in 2017 US $)

3.24 trillion

207,353,391

Major Resources Renewable: hydropower and timber Nonrenewable: bauxite, gold, iron ore, manganese, nickel, phosphates, platinum, tin, uranium, petroleum

Predominant Industries S Agriculture S Manufacturing Aircraft, electrical equipment, Cars, ethanol, textiles, footwear Iron, steel, coffee, orange juice 0 Fishing 0 Tourism

S Mining Bauxite, gold, iron ore Metals 0 Logging 0 Technology 0 Services

Energy Information China is largest crude oil customer; over 91% of petroleum production is offshore; third largest electric sector in the Americas; world’s eighth largest energy consumer; uses hydropower for a majority of its electricity (69.3%), ethanol accounts for 19% of total energy consumption

Major Environmental Concerns and Environmental Actions Mining, logging, resettlement, oil and gas extraction, cattle ranching, and agriculture are all threatening natural heritage; overfishing, wildlife trade, dams, water contamination, climate change, and invasive species threaten natural areas; seventy dams are planned for major river region; emits 2.01 tons of CO2/capita annually

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Passport to Country C

3

Area

Government

Federal parliamentary democracy and constitutional monarchy

North America; grassland, forest, boreal forest, mountains interior; lots of coastline; tundra in north; longest single land border

Literacy Rate

99.0%

Temperate in the south, arctic and polar in north

Monetary Unit

Canadian Dollar

3,854,085 sq. mi. 9,984,670 km2

Geography

Climate

Language(s) English and French spoken Population

Gross Domestic Product (in 2017 US $)

1.769 trillion

35,623,680

Major Resources Renewable: timber, wildlife, hydropower, fish Nonrenewable: iron, nickel, zinc, copper, gold, lead, molybdenum, potash, diamond, silver, uranium, coal, petroleum, natural gas

Predominant Industries 0 Agriculture S Manufacturing 0 Fishing 0 Tourism S Mining Petroleum

S Logging 0 Technology S Services

Energy Information 31% of total energy from petroleum, 28% from natural gas, 26% from hydro power; net exporter of energy, especially petroleum; principal source of U.S. energy imports; complying with Copenhagen Accord, has agreed to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 17% to 2005 levels by 2020; greenhouse gases are regulated in electricity and transportation sectors; 58% of electricity generated from hydropower

Major Environmental Concerns and Environmental Actions Smog, acid rain, climate change from fossil fuel emissions; environmental contamination; overharvesting; species and their habitats significantly threatened by climate change; emits 14.91 tons of CO2/capita annually

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Passport to Country D

3

Area

Government

Unitary presidential republic

Western South America; mountainous; long, narrow country on eastern side of Ring of Fire

Literacy Rate

98.6%

Northern desert; alpine tundra east and south; Mediterranean in center

Monetary Unit

Peso

291,930 sq. mi. 756,102 km2

Geography Climate

Language(s) Spanish spoken Population

Gross Domestic Product (in 2017 US $)

451.1 billion

17,789,267

Major Resources Renewable: timber, hydropower Nonrenewable: copper, iron, nitrates, precious metals, molybdenum

Predominant Industries S Agriculture 0 Manufacturing 0 Fishing S Tourism S Mining Copper, iron

0 Logging 0 Technology 0 Services

Energy Information Most energy imported; 29% of electricity is produced from hydropower, 57% from fossil fuels, and 14% from other renewables; wind capacity at 1,540 MW; most natural gas imported via LNG terminal from Trinidad and Tobago and Middle East

Major Environmental Concerns and Environmental Actions Deforestation and soil erosion; air, water, and land pollution, especially in urban areas where population densities are very high; emits 4.67 tons of CO2/capita annually

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Passport to Country E

3

Area

Government

Marxist-Lenninist single-party state

Central Asia; longest combined land border in world; plains, grasslands, hills, mountains, and river deltas

Literacy Rate

96.4%

Varies greatly from tropical in south to subarctic in north; dominated by monsoon winds

Monetary Unit

Renminbi (Yuan)

3,704,427 sq. mi. 9,596,960 km2

Geography Climate

Language(s) Mandarin, Wu, Yue, Min, Xiang, Gan, Hakka spoken Population

Gross Domestic Product (in 2017 US $)

23.16 trillion

1,379,302,771

Major Resources Renewable: world’s greatest potential for hydropower Nonrenewable: coal, iron, petroleum, natural gas, mercury, tin, tungsten, antimony, manganese, molybdenum, vanadium, magnetite, aluminum, zinc, and uranium

Predominant Industries S Agriculture S Manufacturing (list) Virtually all consumer goods 0 Fishing S Tourism

S Mining Coal and metals listed 0 Logging 0 Technology 0 Services

Energy Information Largest energy producer and consumer in world; production in largest oil fields has peaked; 86% of total energy from coal-almost half the world’s coal consumption; generates 71% of electricity from coal and 20% from hydropower; produces the most wind turbines and solar panels worldwide; uses solar energy for water heating; businesses use energy inefficiently; using more natural gas, but still only 6% of total energy supply

Major Environmental Concerns and Environmental Actions Deserts are expanding, especially Gobi; water quality and supply are very poor; erosion and pollution are serious health factors; emits 6.57 tons of CO2/capita annually ©2018 The NEED Project

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Passport to Country F

3

Area

Government

Unitary presidential constitutional republic

On Central American isthmus

Literacy Rate

97.8%

Tropical

Monetary Unit

Colon

19,653 sq. mi. 51,100 km2

Geography Climate

Language(s) Spanish, Mekatelyu, Bribri spoken Population

Gross Domestic Product (in 2017 US $)

83.85 billion

4,930,258

Major Resources Renewable: hydropower Nonrenewable: none

Predominant Industries S Agriculture S Manufacturing Pharmaceuticals 0 Fishing S Tourism - Ecotourism

0 Mining 0 Logging S Technology — Software development S Services — Finance

Energy Information Does not produce or consume any natural gas; much of the energy for this country is produced from renewable sources; goal is to be 100% carbon neutral by 2021; most electricity is generated from hydropower (74%), geothermal (12%), and wind (11%).

Major Environmental Concerns and Environmental Actions Water pollution is heavily taxed, to keep it at a minimum; 25% of the country is protected in national parks and other areas; emits 1.54 tons of CO2/capita annually

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Passport to Country G

3

Area

Government

Unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy

Europe; main part of country on peninsula extending into the North Sea and Baltic Sea; 443 islands; overall flat

Literacy Rate

99.0%

Primarily temperate and subarctic

Monetary Unit

Krone

16,638 sq. mi. 43,094 km2

Geography Climate

Language(s) Danish, Faroese, Greenlandic spoken Population

Gross Domestic Product (in 2017 US $)

286.8 billion

5,605,948

Major Resources Renewable: fish Nonrenewable: petroleum, natural gas, salt, limestone, chalk, stone, gravel, sand

Predominant Industries 0 Mining 0 Logging 0 Technology 0 Services

S Agriculture — Pork S Manufacturing S Fishing 0 Tourism

Energy Information Most electricity from wind generation (42%); other major sources for electricity are coal (28%), and biofuels (13%); large number of petroleum and natural gas deposits in North Sea; strong focus on intelligent battery and plug-in transportation systems

Major Environmental Concerns and Environmental Actions World leader in environmental policy; emits 5.84 tons of CO2/capita annually

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Passport to Country H

3

Area

Government

Semi-presidential republic

Northern Africa; Nile River delta and valley amidst desert

Literacy Rate

73.9%

Arid; tropical

Monetary Unit

Egyptian Pound

387,048 sq. mi. 1,001,450 km2

Geography Climate

Language(s) Arabic spoken Population

Gross Domestic Product (in 2017 US $)

1.201 billion

97,041,072

Major Resources Renewable: none Nonrenewable: petroleum, natural gas, iron, phosphates, manganese, limestone, gypsum, talc, asbestos, lead, zinc

Predominant Industries S Agriculture 0 Manufacturing 0 Fishing S Tourism S Mining Petroleum, natural gas, coal

0 Logging 0 Technology 0 Services

Energy Information Large deposits of petroleum and natural gas; second largest dry natural gas producer in Africa; exporter of LNG; coal, natural gas, petroleum, and hydropower are most prevalent sources; most electricity is generated from natural gas (72%), petroleum (20%), and hydropower (6.9%); 2% of electricity generated from wind and solar

Major Environmental Concerns and Environmental Actions Rising sea levels would flood heavily populated coastal areas; emits 2.14 tons of CO2/capita annually

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Area

Passport to Country I

758,449 sq. mi.

Government

Federal presidential republic

Southern North America, with Pacific and Gulf of Mexico coasts

Literacy Rate

94.5%

Tropical to Desert

Monetary Unit

Mexican Peso

Language(s) Spanish, Indigenous languages spoken

Gross Domestic Product (in 2017 US $)

2.458 trillion

1,964,375 km2

Geography Climate

Population

124,574,795

Major Resources Renewable: timber Nonrenewable: petroleum, silver, copper, gold, lead, zinc, natural gas

Predominant Industries S Agriculture — tobacco S Manufacturing 0 Fishing S Tourism 0 Mining

0 Logging 0 Technology 0 Services

Energy Information Petroleum production was once the major contributor to GDP, but decreased petroleum production since 2005 and increased economic diversification has led to petroleum being a lesser contributor to the overall economy; 46% of total energy is from petroleum, 40% from natural gas; important source of petroleum for United States; generates 80% of electricity from fossil fuels, 10% from hydropower, 5% from other renewables

Major Environmental Concerns and Environmental Actions Waste disposal, clean water, and deforestation; emits 3.64 tons of CO2/capita annually

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Passport to Country J

3

Area

Government

Unitary semi-presidential constitutional republic

Northwestern Europe; borders on Atlantic Ocean and English Channel; includes part of Pyrenees and Alps; shares borders with five different countries

Literacy Rate

99.0%

West is oceanic; south is Mediterranean, interior is temperate; mountainous areas are alpine

Monetary Unit

Euro

260,558 sq. mi. 674,843 km2

Geography

Climate

Language(s) French spoken Population

Gross Domestic Product (in 2017 US $)

2.836 trillion

67,106,161

Major Resources Renewable: hydropower, good soil Nonrenewable: coal, iron, bauxite, uranium

Predominant Industries S Agriculture — Wine 0 Manufacturing 0 Fishing S Tourism

0 Mining 0 Logging 0 Technology S Services — Financial

Energy Information Petroleum accounts for over half of all energy consumption; has banned hydraulic fracturing, thus very little natural gas is produced; coal and mineral resources are low in supply or difficult to acquire; hydropower production does not meet country’s energy needs; 72.6% of electricity is generated at nuclear power plants; leader in uranium-generated electricity; reprocesses spent nuclear fuel to reduce waste

Major Environmental Concerns and Environmental Actions Emits 4.38 tons of CO2/capita annually

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Passport to Country K

3

Area

Government

Federal parliamentary constitutional republic

North-central Europe; borders with 8 other countries and North Sea

Literacy Rate

99.0%

Temperate

Monetary Unit

Euro

137,847 sq. mi. 357,021 km2

Geography Climate

Language(s) German spoken Population

Gross Domestic Product (in 2017 US $)

4.171 trillion

80,594,017

Major Resources Renewable: timber, arable land Nonrenewable: coal, natural gas, iron, copper, nickel, uranium, potash, salt, construction materials

Predominant Industries 0 Mining 0 Logging 0 Technology S Services (68% of GDP)

0 Agriculture S Manufacturing 0 Fishing 0 Tourism

Energy Information World leader in non-hydropower renewable energy; 81% of total energy is from petroleum; 42% of electricity is from coal and other fossil fuels, 13% is from uranium, 31% is from renewable resources; closing all nuclear power plants by 2022; has set a goal of one-half of electricity generated from renewable sources by 2050; carbon dioxide emission goals are 40% below 1990 levels by 2020 and 80% below 1990 levels by 2050

Major Environmental Concerns and Environmental Actions Emissions from coal; water pollution; emits 8.88 tons of CO2/capita annually

Š2018 The NEED Project

Mystery World Tour

www.NEED.org

21


e

Passport to Country L

3

Area

Government

Unitary parliamentary republic

Southern Europe; peninsula into Mediterranean Sea; Aegean Sea to east; Ionian Sea to west

Literacy Rate

97.7%

Mediterranean

Monetary Unit

Euro

50,944 sq. mi. 131,990 km2

Geography Climate

Language(s) Greek spoken Population

Gross Domestic Product (in 2017 US $)

298.7 billion

10,768,477

Major Resources Renewable: hydropower potential Nonrenewable: coal, petroleum, iron, bauxite, lead, zinc, nickel, magnesite, marble, salt

Predominant Industries S Agriculture 0 Manufacturing 0 Fishing S Tourism

0 Mining 0 Logging 0 Technology S Services

Energy Information 72.3% of electricity is generated from coal, natural gas, and petroleum, 10.2% from hydropower, and 16.7% from wind and solar; heating mostly from coal and peat

Major Environmental Concerns and Environmental Actions Air and water pollution; emits 5.85 tons of CO2/capita annually

22

Š2018 The NEED Project

Mystery World Tour

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e

Passport to Country M

3

Area

Government

Parliamentary republic

Island in Northern Atlantic Ocean between Greenland and Norway, northwest of Scotland; active volcanoes; part of both North American and European continental plates

Literacy Rate

99.0%

Subpolar oceanic; warmed by ocean currents

Monetary Unit

Icelandic Krona

39,770 sq. mi. 103,001 km2

Geography

Climate

Language(s) Icelandic spoken Population

Gross Domestic Product (in 2017 US $)

17.62 billion

339.747

Major Resources Renewable: fish, hydropower, geothermal energy Nonrenewable: diatomite

Predominant Industries S Agriculture 0 Manufacturing S Fishing — 40% of exports 0 Tourism

0 Mining 0 Logging S Technology — Software and biotechnology S Services — Finance

Energy Information Most electricity is produced from hydropower (72.6%) and geothermal (27.3%); petroleum imported is already refined for use as transportation fuel; all heating is provided from geothermal; a goal is to be 100% reliant on domestic energy sources by 2050; developing offshore petroleum exploration in Norwegian Sea

Major Environmental Concerns and Environmental Actions Water pollution from fertilizers; wastewater treatment; emits 6.16 tons of CO2/capita annually

©2018 The NEED Project

Mystery World Tour

www.NEED.org

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e

Passport to Country N

3

Area

1,269,219 sq. mi.

Government

Federal parliamentary constitutional republic

3,287,263 km2

Geography

Subcontinent; south central Asia; extends into Indian Ocean; major rivers originate in Himalayas

Literacy Rate

71.2%

Climate

Tropical wet, tropical dry, subtropical humid, montane

Monetary Unit

Indian Rupee

Gross Domestic Product (in 2017 US $)

9.459 trillion

Language(s) Hindi, English spoken Population

1,281,935,911

Major Resources Renewable: arable land Nonrenewable: coal (5th largest reserves in world), iron, manganese, mica, bauxite, titanium ore, chromite, natural gas, diamonds, petroleum, limestone

Predominant Industries S Agriculture S Manufacturing Textiles, automobiles, Petroleum products 0 Fishing 0 Tourism

0 Mining 0 Logging S Technology S Services — Telecommunications

Energy Information 44% of total energy is produced from coal, 23% from petroleum, and 24% from biomass and waste combined; 75% of electricity is generated from coal, third largest producer and consumer of coal in world; world’s fourth largest LNG importer and fourth largest petroleum consumer; insufficient fuel supplies at power plants lead to rolling blackouts

Major Environmental Concerns and Environmental Actions Human encroachment on wildlife habitat; poverty is a major issue, with 42% below international poverty rate; water contamination and air pollution have resulted from overpopulation and high population density; emits 1.57 tons of CO2/capita annually

24

©2018 The NEED Project

Mystery World Tour

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e

Passport to Country O

3

Area

Government

Unitary presidential constitutional republic

Southeastern Asia island nation; tropical with many volcanoes and earthquakes; sits on three plate boundaries

Literacy Rate

93.9%

Tropical with monsoonal wet and dry seasons

Monetary Unit

Rupiah

735,358 sq. mi. 1,904,569 km2

Geography

Climate

Language(s) Indonesian spoken Population

Gross Domestic Product (in 2017 US $)

3.243 trillion

250,580,739

Major Resources Renewable: timber, fertile soil Nonrenewable: petroleum, tin, natural gas, nickel, bauxite, copper, coal, gold, silver

Predominant Industries S Agriculture S Manufacturing Industry accounts for 46% of GDP 0 Fishing 0 Tourism

0 Mining 0 Logging 0 Technology S Services

Energy Information Has an aging energy infrastructure; world’s largest exporter of coal by weight; exports about half of natural gas produced; produces coal, petroleum, natural gas, and palm oil used for energy, but oil production of all kinds is declining; has high potential for renewable energy; 38% of total energy comes from petroleum, 25% from coal, 15% from natural gas, and 22% from renewables; 87.2% of electricity generated is from fossil fuels, 7.8% from hydropower, and 4.3% from geothermal

Major Environmental Concerns and Environmental Actions Large-scale deforestation from illegal fires has increased smog pollution; rapid urbanization has led to major loss of critical habitats; emits 1.74 tons of CO2/capita annually Š2018 The NEED Project

Mystery World Tour

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e

Passport to Country P

3

Area

Government

Unitary parliamentary democracy; Constitutional monarchy

Island nation in far eastern Asia, in the far west Pacific Ocean; 108 active volcanoes, sitting on Ring of Fire; susceptible to earthquakes and tsunami; 73% of land is forested and hilly; population density is high in areas suitable for populating

Literacy Rate

99.0%

Predominantly temperate with zonal variations

Monetary Unit

Yen

145,925 sq. mi. 377,944 km2

Geography

Climate

Language(s) Japanese spoken Population

Gross Domestic Product (in 2017 US $)

5.429 trillion

126,451,398

Major Resources Renewable: fish Nonrenewable: very few minerals in mineable locations

Predominant Industries S Agriculture S Manufacturing Automobiles Electronics S Fishing

0 Tourism 0 Mining 0 Logging S Technology 0 Services

Energy Information World’s largest importer of LNG, second largest importer of coal, and third largest importer of petroleum; no domestic energy sources; world’s third largest consumer of petroleum; 2011 tsunami and Fukushima disaster led to all nuclear plants being immediately shut down, which had accounted for 27% of electric power; nuclear power now makes up only 1.7% of electricity generated; 39.2% of electricity generated is from natural gas and 33.7% from coal; renewables make up 17.2% of electricity generated

Major Environmental Concerns and Environmental Actions Hosted and signed Kyoto Protocol, committing to reduce carbon emissions; water and air pollution; water eutrophication; emits 9.04 tons of CO2/capita annually

26

©2018 The NEED Project

Mystery World Tour

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e

Passport to Country Q

3

Area

Government

Semi-presidential republic

Western Africa on Indian Ocean; low coastal plains, central highlands

Literacy Rate

72.2%

Tropical at coast, temperate inland, arid in north and northeast; receives high amounts of sunshine yearround

Monetary Unit

Kenyan Shilling

224,080 sq. mi. 580,367 km2

Geography Climate

Language(s) Swahili, English spoken Population

Gross Domestic Product (in 2017 US $)

163.1 billion

47,615,739

Major Resources Renewable: wildlife, hydropower Nonrenewable: limestone, soda ash, salt, gemstones, fluorspar, zinc, diatomite, gypsum

Predominant Industries 0 Mining 0 Logging S Technology — Telecommunications S Services

S Agriculture — Tea 0 Manufacturing 0 Fishing S Tourism

Energy Information One of the largest refineries in Africa; petroleum power plant on coast; geothermal sources near capital provide 43.1% of country’s electricity; periodic shortfalls of electricity during drought; only 18% of the population have access to electricity; 34.3% of electricity generated is from hydropower, 20.7% from petroleum, 43.1% from geothermal; may have petroleum reserves in South Lokichar basin

Major Environmental Concerns and Environmental Actions One-half of the population lives in absolute poverty; water is in short supply; overexploitation of forests and encroachment on habitats are major concerns and difficult to control; emits 0.32 tons of CO2/capita annually

©2018 The NEED Project

Mystery World Tour

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e

Passport to Country R

3

Area

35,603 sq. mi.

Government

Unitary parliamentary constitutional republic

92,212 km2

Geography

Western Europe on Iberian Peninsula; mountains in north; plains in south; incl. Azores, Madeiras

Literacy Rate

95.7%

Climate

Mediterranean; Cool and rainy in north, warmer and drier in south

Monetary Unit

Euro

Language(s) Portuguese, Mirandese spoken Population

Gross Domestic Product (in 2017 US $)

313.4 billion

10,839,514

Major Resources Renewable: fish, cork, arable land, hydropower Nonrenewable: iron, copper, zinc, tin, tungsten, silver, gold, uranium, marble, clay, gypsum, salt

Predominant Industries S Agriculture S Manufacturing Textiles, clothing, footwear Cars, electronics S Fishing S Tourism

S Mining European leader of copper Tin, uranium, tungsten 0 Logging 0 Technology 0 Services

Energy Information Significant potential for wind and hydropower resources; 41.8% of electricity generated is from natural gas and coal, 28.1% from hydropower, and 28.0% from wind and all other renewables; all natural gas consumed is imported

Major Environmental Concerns and Environmental Actions Soil erosion; air pollution; water pollution in coastal areas; emits 4.59 tons of CO2/capita annually

28

Š2018 The NEED Project

Mystery World Tour

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e

Passport to Country S

3

Area

Government

Federal semi-presidential constitutional republic

Most of Asia; largest country in world; second largest forest reserves

Literacy Rate

99.7%

Mostly humid continental; far northern regions experience subartic, polar, or tundra climatic conditions

Monetary Unit

Ruble

6,592,800 sq. mi. 17,075,400 km2

Geography Climate

Language(s) Russian; others by region spoken Population

Gross Domestic Product (in 2017 US $)

4.008 trillion

142,257,519

Major Resources Renewable: timber Nonrenewable: major resources, including petroleum, natural gas, coal, strategic minerals; climate, terrain, and distance hinder full resource exploitation

Predominant Industries S Logging S Agriculture 0 Technology 0 Manufacturing 0 Services S Fishing 0 Tourism S Mining Major exporter of petroleum, natural gas, and metals

Energy Information World’s largest natural gas reserves as well as world’s second largest producer and consumer of natural gas; third largest petroleum producer; second largest coal reserves; significant potential for hydropower; fourth largest producer and consumer of electricity and third largest user of nuclear power in the world; currently 18.7% of electricity is generated from uranium; oil and gas revenue comprise 36% of budget revenue; 64.7% of electricity is generated by fossil fuels, 17.1% from hydropower

Major Environmental Concerns and Environmental Actions Poaching; habitat destruction; deforestation in some areas; illegal logging occurs in northwest and far east; energy use is inefficient and greatly dependent on fossil fuels; water pollution is a significant problem because of poor water treatment; air pollution is serious, one of the most polluted in the world; emits 9.97 tons of CO2/capita annually Š2018 The NEED Project

Mystery World Tour

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e

Passport to Country T

3

Area

Government

Unitary Islamic absolute monarchy

Occupies 80% of Arabian Peninsula; southern borders are not well defined; mostly desert

Literacy Rate

94.7%

Desert – very hot days and cool nights

Monetary Unit

Saudi Riyal

Gross Domestic Product (in 2017 US $)

1.774trillion

870,000 sq. mi. 2,250,000 km2

Geography Climate

Language(s) Arabic spoken Population

28,571,770

Major Resources Renewable: none Nonrenewable: petroleum, natural gas, iron, gold, copper

Predominant Industries 0 Logging 0 Agriculture 0 Technology 0 Manufacturing S Services 0 Fishing 0 Tourism S Mining Petroleum accounts for 45% of GDP

Energy Information 16% of world’s proven petroleum reserves; world’s largest exporter of crude oil and second largest petroleum producer; 41% of electricity is generated from petroleum and 59% from natural gas; current electricity generating capacity is 66 GW; to meet electricity demand capacity is expected to grow to 120 GW by 2032

Major Environmental Concerns and Environmental Actions One of the highest carbon dioxide emitters per capita; desertification; depletion of fresh ground water; no perennial rivers; must use desalination facilities to produce potable water; oil spills occasionally occur on coast; emits 16.34 tons of CO2/capita annually

30

©2018 The NEED Project

Mystery World Tour

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e

Passport to Country U

3

Area

76,000 sq. mi.

Government

Semi-presidential republic

196,723 km2

Geography

West Africa coast; mostly sandy plains

Literacy Rate

57.7%

Climate

Tropical with dry and humid seasons

Monetary Unit

CFA Franc

Language(s) French, and other regional languages spoken

Population

Gross Domestic Product (in 2017 US $)

43.24 billion

14,668,522; 60% under age 25

Major Resources Renewable: fish Nonrenewable: phosphates, iron

Predominant Industries S Agriculture Cotton and ground nuts S Manufacturing Textiles S Fishing 0 Tourism

S Mining Calcium phosphate 0 Logging 0 Technology 0 Services

Energy Information Electricity generated on a build-own-operate basis; 90.2% of electricity is generated from fossils fuels; 9.7% of electricity from renewable sources up from essentially zero 5 years ago; demand for electricity is increasing dramatically; aging power plants are unreliable, leading to frequent electricity outages; goal is to move toward more coal electricity production

Major Environmental Concerns and Environmental Actions Receives a lot of foreign aid; 47% of the population is below the poverty line; poaching, deforestation, overgrazing, soil erosion, and overfishing are all poverty-related concerns; desertification of natural areas; emits 0.53 tons of CO2/capita annually

Š2018 The NEED Project

Mystery World Tour

www.NEED.org

31


e

Passport to Country V

3

Area

Government

Constitutional parliamentary republic

Southernmost Africa; interior flat scrubland; east coast is lush and more tropical

Literacy Rate

93.7%

Temperate with regional variations

Monetary Unit

S. African Rand

471,443 sq. mi. 1,221,037 km2

Geography Climate

Language(s) Afrikaans, English, Ndebele, Northern Sotho, Sotho, Swazi, Tswana, Tsonga, Venda, Xhosa, Zulu spoken Population

Gross Domestic Product (in 2017 US $)

765.6 billion

54,841,552

Major Resources Renewable: none Nonrenewable: gold, chromium, antimony, coal, iron, manganese, nickel, phosphates, tin, uranium, gem diamonds, platinum, copper, vanadium, salt, natural gas

Predominant Industries S Agriculture 0 Manufacturing 0 Fishing 0 Tourism S Mining Hard coal, diamonds

0 Logging S Technology — Astronomy and medicine 0 Services

Energy Information Has 75% of Africa’s coal, and is the fifth largest coal exporter in the world; produces synthetic fuel made from coal; 89.6% of electricity is generated from coal, 5.9% from uranium, 1.6% from hydropower; in 2008 and 2014 experienced power crisis; a fragile electricity infrastructure including outdated, poorly maintained coal plants and rising electricity demands cause frequent outages

Major Environmental Concerns and Environmental Actions High poverty and unemployment rates; invasion of non-native species; loss of natural habitat; climate change will lead to warming and drying of already semi-arid region; old abandoned coal mines; coal combustion wastes; toxic coal fires; emits 7.41 tons of CO2/capita annually

32

©2018 The NEED Project

Mystery World Tour

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e

Passport to Country W

3

Area

Government

Federal presidential constitutional republic

East Africa on Indian Ocean; mountainous in the northeast; central is a plateau

Literacy Rate

67.8%

Tropical, hot, humid

Monetary Unit

Tanzanian Shilling

364,898 sq. mi. 945,203 km2

Geography Climate

Language(s) Swahili, English spoken Population

Gross Domestic Product (in 2017 US $)

162.2 billion

53,950,935

Major Resources Renewable: hydropower Nonrenewable: tin, phosphates, iron, coal, diamonds, gemstones, gold, natural gas, nickel

Predominant Industries 0 Logging S Agriculture — 50% of GDP 0 Technology 0 Manufacturing 0 Services 0 Fishing S Tourism — Increasing market S Mining Not a significant part of GDP Songo Songo island producing natural gas

Energy Information 65.7% of electricity is generated from fossil fuels and 33.9% from hydropower; a natural gas pipeline to the capital city is under construction; only 15% of the population has access to electricity; offshore deposits provide potential to become an LNG exporter

Major Environmental Concerns and Environmental Actions Clean air; fossil fuel emissions; whale habitat; hardwoods; endangered species preservation; government is primarily focused on poverty problems, food insecurity, and water supply; emits 0.19 tons of CO2/capita annually

©2018 The NEED Project

Mystery World Tour

www.NEED.org

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e

Passport to Country X

3

Area

Government

Parliamentary republic

Lies on both Europe (3%) and Asia (97%); eastern end of Mediterranean; between Mediterranean and Caspian Seas

Literacy Rate

95%

Interior is harsh and arid, eastern coastal region is Mediterranean

Monetary Unit

Turkish Lira

Gross Domestic Product (in 2017 US $)

2.173 trillion

302,535 sq. mi. 783,562 km2

Geography Climate

Language(s) Turkish spoken Population

80,845,215

Major Resources Renewable: arable land, hydropower Nonrenewable: coal, iron, copper, chromium, antimony, mercury, gold, barite, borate, celestite (strontium), emery, feldspar, limestone, magnesite, marble perlite, pumice, pyrites, clay

Predominant Industries S Agriculture S Manufacturing Automotive Shipbuilding 0 Fishing S Tourism

S Mining Iron and steel 0 Logging 0 Technology S Services - 65% of GDP

Energy Information Imports 90% of petroleum and 23% of coal consumed; important role in transporting crude oil worldwide; 32.6% of electricity generated is from natural gas, 33.7% from coal, and 24.6% from hydropower, energy demand in this country has increased rapidly

Major Environmental Concerns and Environmental Actions Water and air pollution; deforestation; spills from oil and gas ships; emits 4.33 tons of CO2/capita annually

34

Š2018 The NEED Project

Mystery World Tour

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e

Passport to Country Y

3

Area

Government

Unitary semi-presidential republic

NE Europe – largest European country; fertile plains and plateaus

Literacy Rate

99.7%

Temperate continental

Monetary Unit

Hryvnia

233,090 sq. mi. 603,628 km2

Geography Climate

Language(s) Ukrainian spoken Population

Gross Domestic Product (in 2017 US $)

368.8 billion

44,033,874

Major Resources Renewable: arable land Nonrenewable: iron, coal, manganese, natural gas, petroleum, salt, sulphur, graphite, titanium, magnesium, kaolin, nickel, mercury

Predominant Industries 0 Agriculture S Manufacturing Transportation vehicles, spacecraft 0 Fishing 0 Tourism

S Mining Refining of metals 0 Logging S Technology — Space exploration and satellites 0 Services

Energy Information Imports 46% of the natural gas consumed; important in the transport of natural gas and petroleum liquids; imports most of its energy supply from Russia, especially petroleum and natural gas; large use of nuclear power; small amount of renewables in use, but increasing; fourth largest European solar park; generates 49.2% of electricity from uranium, 43.2% from coal and natural gas, and 5.6% from hydropower

Major Environmental Concerns and Environmental Actions Air and water pollution; deforestation; radiation contamination in north from Chernobyl incident in 1986; emits 4.39 tons of CO2/capita annually

©2018 The NEED Project

Mystery World Tour

www.NEED.org

35


e

Passport to Country Z

3

Area

Government

Federal presidential constitutional republic

Northern South America; Caribbean Sea to north, Atlantic Ocean to northeast; Mountains in north are far limits of Andes; central dominated by plains, northwest lowlands; southeast highlands

Literacy Rate

95.5%

Mostly tropical

Monetary Unit

Bolivar Fuerte

353,841 sq. mi. 916,445 km2

Geography

Climate

Language(s) Spanish spoken Population

Gross Domestic Product (in 2017 US $)

545.7 billion

28,868,486

Major Resources Renewable: hydropower Nonrenewable: petroleum, natural gas, iron, gold, bauxite, minerals, diamonds

Predominant Industries 0 Agriculture S Manufacturing Steel, aluminum, cement 0 Fishing 0 Tourism

S Mining Petroleum is dominant 0 Logging 0 Technology 0 Services

Energy Information Has the largest petroleum reserves in the world; most petroleum exports go to the United States, China, India, and Caribbean countries; fourth largest petroleum exporter to U.S.; 60.0% of electricity generated is from hydropower, 40.0% from natural gas and petroleum; Guri Dam provides majority of the electricity which has led to rolling blackouts during times of severe drought

Major Environmental Concerns and Environmental Actions Wildlife threatened by logging, mining, development, and shifting cultivation; 20-33% of forested land protected; deforestation major concern; Guri Dam flooded a forested area; sewage is polluting Lago de Valencia; emits 4.03 tons of CO2/capita annually

36

Š2018 The NEED Project

Mystery World Tour

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Passport to Country A

3

Area

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Literacy Rate

Climate

Monetary Unit

Language(s) spoken

Gross Domestic Product (in 2017 US $)

Population

Major Resources

Predominant Industries

Energy Information

Major Environmental Concerns and Environmental Actions

Š2018 The NEED Project

Mystery World Tour

www.NEED.org

37


e

Passport to Country B

3

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Climate

Monetary Unit

Language(s) spoken

Gross Domestic Product (in 2017 US $)

Population

Major Resources

Predominant Industries

Energy Information

Major Environmental Concerns and Environmental Actions

38

Š2018 The NEED Project

Mystery World Tour

www.NEED.org


e

Passport to Country C

3

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Language(s) spoken

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Population

Major Resources

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Major Environmental Concerns and Environmental Actions

Š2018 The NEED Project

Mystery World Tour

www.NEED.org

39


e

Passport to Country D

3

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Language(s) spoken

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Population

Major Resources

Predominant Industries

Energy Information

Major Environmental Concerns and Environmental Actions

40

Š2018 The NEED Project

Mystery World Tour

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Passport to Country E

3

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Language(s) spoken

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Major Resources

Predominant Industries

Energy Information

Major Environmental Concerns and Environmental Actions

Š2018 The NEED Project

Mystery World Tour

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41


e

Passport to Country F

3

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Language(s) spoken

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Population

Major Resources

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Major Environmental Concerns and Environmental Actions

42

Š2018 The NEED Project

Mystery World Tour

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Passport to Country G

3

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Major Resources

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Major Environmental Concerns and Environmental Actions

Š2018 The NEED Project

Mystery World Tour

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43


e

Passport to Country H

3

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Language(s) spoken

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Population

Major Resources

Predominant Industries

Energy Information

Major Environmental Concerns and Environmental Actions 44

Š2018 The NEED Project

Mystery World Tour

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e

Passport to Country I

Area

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Major Resources

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Major Environmental Concerns and Environmental Actions

Š2018 The NEED Project

Mystery World Tour

www.NEED.org

45


e

Passport to Country J

3

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Population

Major Resources

Predominant Industries

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Major Environmental Concerns and Environmental Actions 46

Š2018 The NEED Project

Mystery World Tour

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Passport to Country K

3

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Major Resources

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Major Environmental Concerns and Environmental Actions

Š2018 The NEED Project

Mystery World Tour

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47


e

Passport to Country L

3

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Major Resources

Predominant Industries

Energy Information

Major Environmental Concerns and Environmental Actions 48

Š2018 The NEED Project

Mystery World Tour

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Passport to Country M

3

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Major Resources

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Major Environmental Concerns and Environmental Actions

Š2018 The NEED Project

Mystery World Tour

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e

Passport to Country N

3

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Major Resources

Predominant Industries

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Major Environmental Concerns and Environmental Actions 50

Š2018 The NEED Project

Mystery World Tour

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Passport to Country O

3

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Language(s) spoken

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Major Environmental Concerns and Environmental Actions

Š2018 The NEED Project

Mystery World Tour

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e

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3

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Major Resources

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Major Environmental Concerns and Environmental Actions 52

Š2018 The NEED Project

Mystery World Tour

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e

Passport to Country Q

3

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Major Environmental Concerns and Environmental Actions

Š2018 The NEED Project

Mystery World Tour

www.NEED.org

53


e

Passport to Country R

3

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Major Environmental Concerns and Environmental Actions 54

Š2018 The NEED Project

Mystery World Tour

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Passport to Country S

3

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Major Environmental Concerns and Environmental Actions

Š2018 The NEED Project

Mystery World Tour

www.NEED.org

55


e

Passport to Country T

3

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Major Environmental Concerns and Environmental Actions 56

Š2018 The NEED Project

Mystery World Tour

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e

Passport to Country U

3

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Major Environmental Concerns and Environmental Actions

Š2018 The NEED Project

Mystery World Tour

www.NEED.org

57


e

Passport to Country V

3

Area

Government

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Energy Information

Major Environmental Concerns and Environmental Actions 58

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Passport to Country W

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Literacy Rate

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Monetary Unit

Language(s) spoken

Gross Domestic Product (in 2017 US $)

Population

Major Resources

Predominant Industries

Energy Information

Major Environmental Concerns and Environmental Actions

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e

Passport to Country X

3

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Literacy Rate

Climate

Monetary Unit

Language(s) spoken

Gross Domestic Product (in 2017 US $)

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Major Environmental Concerns and Environmental Actions 60

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e

Passport to Country Y

3

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Literacy Rate

Climate

Monetary Unit

Language(s) spoken

Gross Domestic Product (in 2017 US $)

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Major Resources

Predominant Industries

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Major Environmental Concerns and Environmental Actions

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e

Passport to Country Z

3

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Monetary Unit

Language(s) spoken

Gross Domestic Product (in 2017 US $)

Population

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Predominant Industries

Energy Information

Major Environmental Concerns and Environmental Actions 62

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e

Passport to Country ____

Area

Government

Geography

Literacy Rate

Climate

Monetary Unit

Language(s) spoken

Gross Domestic Product (in 2017 US $)

Population

Major Resources

Predominant Industries

Energy Information

Major Environmental Concerns and Environmental Actions

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RENEWABLE

Solar

Characteristics Definition Category Processed Transported Uses Environment

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Radiant energy from the sun. Renewable The sun’s rays are collected by windows, mirrors, sand, rocks, and photovoltaic cells. This source is not transported, but is collected. It is used mostly to heat homes and water, and to generate electricity. It creates no air, water, or soil pollution.

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RENEWABLE

Hydropower

Characteristics Definition Category Processed

Energy that comes from the force of moving water.

Transported Uses Environment

This energy source is not transported. Power plants are built near the source.

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Renewable This source is controlled by dams and is usually stored in reservoirs. When the dams are opened, water flows with strong force and turns the blades of turbine generators. Its major use is to generate electricity. This energy source is clean, but facilities can flood large areas of land and disturb wildlife and natural resources in the area.

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RENEWABLE

Geothermal

Characteristics Definition

This source comes from heat deep within the Earth’s core. Underground rocks and water absorb the heat and move it toward the surface. Examples of this source are geysers, volcanoes, and hot springs.

Category Processed

Renewable

Transported Uses Environment

This resource is not transported. Power plants are built on top of this energy source.

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Wells are drilled into reservoirs of hot water and steam in the Earth. These wells pump the heated, underground water to the surface, where it can be used to generate electricity or heat buildings. The most active resources are found in an area surrounding the Pacific Ocean called the Ring of Fire. It can be used to generate electricity or to heat homes and buildings. This source does little damage to the environment. Power plants produce almost no emissions because no fuel is used to produce electricity.

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RENEWABLE

Biomass

Characteristics Definition Category Processed

Energy stored in any organic matter, such as wood, plants, animal wastes, or garbage.

Transported Uses

Easily transported by car, train, or boat.

Environment

Burning this energy source can pollute the air, but does not cause acid rain. Also, growing this source may reduce the amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere.

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Renewable Plants convert solar energy into chemical energy through the process of photosynthesis. When plants are burned, the energy is transformed into heat and light. This source is collected and burned in waste-to-energy plants, or in individual homes. It can also be used to make alcohol fuels and energy-rich gas. Burned to generate electricity and heat. Can also be made into an alcohol fuel and mixed with gasoline to fuel cars.

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RENEWABLE

Wind

Characteristics Definition Category Processed

Energy from moving air caused by the uneven heating of the Earth’s surface.

Transported

This source is collected, not transported. A disadvantage of this energy source is that it is not constant, because air is not always moving.

Uses Environment

It is used to produce electricity.

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Renewable The kinetic energy of this source is collected by machines with large blades, which turn when air moves. The machines are connected to a generator, which produces electricity.

This source creates no air, soil, or water pollution. It can be harmful to bat populations.

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NONRENEWABLE

Natural Gas

Characteristics Definition Category Processed

One of the fossil fuels produced hundreds of millions of years ago. This source is a colorless, odorless gas.

Transported Uses

It is transported by pipelines.

Environment

This source releases some pollutants into the air when burned, but is cleaner-burning than coal or oil.

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Nonrenewable This source is found in porous rocks and is reached by digging wells that can be up to 8,600 feet deep. It can be found with coal and petroleum deposits. Used in industry to produce heat energy to manufacture goods. It is also an ingredient in fertilizer, glue, paint, laundry detergents, and other items. It can be used in homes for heating, cooking, and also for generating electricity.

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NONRENEWABLE

Propane

Characteristics

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Definition

A fossil fuel that is found mixed with petroleum and natural gas. It is considered to be part of the liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) family.

Category Processed

Nonrenewable

Transported

It is transported through underground pipelines and by small tank trucks. This source is stored and distributed in pressurized tanks. The pressure in the tanks causes the source to change from a gas to a liquid, which reduces its volume.

Uses

In homes and businesses, it is used for heating and cooking. Because it is clean burning, it can also be used indoors to fuel forklifts and blow torches. It is often used in rural areas and in recreational vehicles.

Environment

Because it is very clean burning, it emits fewer pollutants into the air than other fossil fuels.

About half of this source comes from processing natural gas, and half from refining petroleum, and some percent is imported.

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NONRENEWABLE

Coal

Characteristics Definition Category Processed

A solid fossil fuel found underground. It takes millions to hundreds of millions of years to form.

Transported Uses

It is transported mostly by trains, and occasionally by river barges, trucks, and conveyer belts.

Environment

Burning this source releases a chemical called sulfur, which can cause air pollution when it combines with oxygen to form sulfur dioxide. Before it is burned at power plants, scrubbers remove most of the sulfur. Leftover ash can be made into products to build roads and make cement.

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Nonrenewable This resource is removed from the ground through surface mining and underground mining. It then goes to a preparation plant to be cleaned. This source is mostly used to generate electricity. It is also used as fuel for the steel and iron industries. The United States has the world’s largest known reserves.

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NONRENEWABLE

Uranium

Characteristics Definition

Energy is stored in the nucleus of atoms of this element. The energy can be released by splitting the nucleus — a process called fission.

Category Processed

Nonrenewable

Transported Uses Environment

This energy source can be transported by train, truck, or boat.

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This source is mined and its atoms are split apart in the reactor of nuclear power plants. As the atoms split apart, heat energy and radiation are released. The heat is used to generate electricity. This source is used to generate electricity. This energy source produces no air pollution because no fuel is burned. A major disadvantage to using this source is that it produces radioactive waste which, if not stored properly, can be dangerous to living things. The waste can remain radioactive for as long as 1,000 years.

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NONRENEWABLE

Petroleum

Characteristics Definition Category Processed

A liquid fossil fuel found underground in beds of porous rock. It takes hundreds of millions of years to form.

Transported Uses

It is transported by pipeline, and also shipped by boat and by truck.

Environment

Burning this energy source can cause air pollution. It can also pollute the soil and water if it is spilled during production or transportation.

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Nonrenewable A well is drilled and pumps are used to force this source to the surface. Then the source is refined into products such as gasoline, heating fuel, and kerosene. It is refined into gasoline to fuel vehicles such as cars, trucks, and buses. It is also used as an ingredient in many common products like toothbrushes, aspirin, tires, and plastics.

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Mystery World Tour Evaluation Form State: ___________

Grade Level: ___________

Number of Students: __________

1. Did you conduct the entire activity?

Yes

No

2. Were the instructions clear and easy to follow?

Yes

No

3. Did the activity meet your academic objectives?

Yes

No

4. Was the activity age appropriate?

Yes

No

5. Were the allotted times sufficient to conduct the activity?

Yes

No

6. Was the activity easy to use?

Yes

No

7. Was the preparation required acceptable for the activity?

Yes

No

8. Were the students interested and motivated?

Yes

No

9. Was the energy knowledge content age appropriate?

Yes

No

10. Would you teach this activity again?

Yes

No

Please explain any “no” statements below

How would you rate the activity overall?

excellent 

good

fair

poor

How would your students rate the activity overall? 

excellent 

good

fair

poor

What would make the activity more useful to you?

Other Comments:

Please fax or mail to: The NEED Project 8408 Kao Circle Manassas, VA 20110 FAX: 1-800-847-1820

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