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Urbanisme and the Unlearning of Architecture

Tina Saaby, City Architect, Copenhagen AoU, Bradford, The producer city

16.05.2013


A growing Copenhagen 100.000 new Copenhageners by 2025 = 1.000 new citizens every month The Copenhagen narrative focuses on a Copenhagen that maintains its position as one of the world’s best places to live and work in.


What is the story about Copenhagen?

• Good conditions for bikes – 55 % of people living in Copenhagen are using bikes • Human scale – ”cosiness” • Safeness and good security • A lot of water – Nyhavn, the mermaid, the operahouse etc. • The best city to live in in the world - Designed for life – Monocle, architecture prizes etc. • ”The city with the happiest people in the world” – Der Spiegel • Europes Green Capital 2014


Before


After

torsdag 20. juni 2013


DIFFERENT STORIES TO LEARN FROM? • FOUR stories about strategies • THREE stories about focused urban development • SIX short stories about singel projects


THE STORY ABOUT HOW TO GET A LIVABLE CITY


APPROACH Our approach: Consider urban life before urban space Consider urban space before buildings


// More urban life for all:

Goal: By 2015, 80% of Copenhageners will be satisfied with the opportunities they have for taking part in urban life


// More people to walk more:

Goal: To increase the amount of pedestrian traffic by 20% by 2015 compared to 2010


// More people to stay longer:

Goal: By 2015, Copenhageners will spend 20% more time in urban space than they did in 2010


THE WORLDS FIRST URBAN LIFE ACCOUNT


URBAN LIFE ACCOUNT 2010

Urban Life Account: ”What we need more of is landscape in the city and quiet places”


URBAN LIFE ACCOUNT 2011 Urban Life Account: ”When playareas is not standard but invites to move and play in new ways, we can see more diversity in the use ”


THE BIKECITY STORY - ONE STORY ON THE WAY TO BECOME CO2 NEUTRAL IN 2025


Tilføj præsentationens titel i "Indsæt/

28


”Green Wave” Through Traffic Lights

SPEED

Niels Tørsløv City of Copenhagen Cycling - a lifestyle choise


SPEED


SENSE OF SECURITY


COMFORT


CITYLIFE

Experience the city slowly gives a social and liveable city


THE STORY ABOUT COURTYARDS GARDENS


COURTYARDS GARDENS 12 yards a year Around 50 million Dkr. RULES: More than one owner Democracy Carfree zones Handling rainwater Outdated areas


MAKING THE CITY HAPPEN TASK FORCE GROUP


MAKING THE CITY HAPPEN 2.0 • • • • • • •

A task force group that works strategically across differents administrations One entrance to the municipality – make it easy for people to let something happen in the city Developing a guide to temporary spaces Impermanence in perspective areas Create improved internal practices working with the projects Create Impermanence into the local planning "Live transformations", lessons from area renewal about impermanence as a strategic tool in urban development


MAKING THE CITY HAPPEN 2.0


MAKING THE CITY HAPPEN 2.0


MAKING THE CITY HAPPEN 2.0

Tilføj præsentationens titel i "Indsæt/ Sidehoved og Sidefod" 41


MAKING THE CITY HAPPEN 2.0


MAKING THE CITY HAPPEN 2.0

Tilføj præsentationens titel i "Indsæt/ Sidehoved og Sidefod" 43


THE STORY ABOUT ACTIONSPLANS


New developing areas of Copenhagen


THE STORY ABOUT NEIGHBOURHOOD IMPROVEMENT


NEIGHBOURHOOD IMPROVEMENT


NEIGHBOURHOOD IMPROVEMENT The selected areas have: - high levels of potential and qualities prior to development. - having a high proportion of small, obsolete housing units - a relatively poor or run down infrastructure (recreational areas, institutions etc.) - integration problems - high proportion of inhabitants outside the labour market.


NEIGHBOURHOOD IMPROVEMENT Builds on resident involvement and local commitment Is limited in time to a period of 5 years Is initially publically financed, but is co-financed by funds, residents and businesses. It is �on site� development


EUROPAN 2012 – ”THIRD NATURE”


THE STORY ABOUT ØRESTAD - RETROFITTING


Ørestad facts

Area: ca. 310 hectars/3,1 million sq.meters = 35,000,000 sq.feet Building opportunities 3,1 million sq.meters of floor-space Sold: ca. 1,6 mio. sq.meters floor-space Expectations Landuse: 60 % business/serviceindustry 20 % housing 20 % other use: cultural use, service industry, shops, istitutions and education

Hotel Cab Inn

80,000 people will work in Ørestad 20,000 peopleFIELD’s will live in Ørestad More than 20,000 people already study in Ørestads schools and universities.


1990 New metro was planned – 6 stop in Ørestad 1991 New bridge to Sweden was planned 1993 Copenhagen and Malmø as one region 1994 Architectural masterplan competition. Won by ARKKI. 1995 Localplan/detailplan


NATURE AND CITY


ØRESTAD NORTH


ØRESTAD CITY


ØRESTAD SOUTH


Retrofitting Ă˜restad: 01. Urbanlife, Ă˜restad second layer 2.0


Retrofitting Ă˜restad: 02. Sivegaden


Retrofitting Ă˜restad: 03. Arena area


Ă˜restad


”VILD” NATURE AS BASIC DESIGN PRIORITY


CHARACTER – NEW SCALE


ARENA


Hannemanns Allé

Arena

byfælled


SIX SHORTSTORIES SINGEL PROJECTS HOW A CITY PRODUCES AND REPRODUCES ITSELF?


VESTER VOLDGADE


PLUG AND PLAY


BIRKEGADE ROOFGARDEN


LIGHTPROJECT TEMPORARY


DANCING HOUSE - transformation


SEB – landscape in the city


SEB – landscape in the city


Urbanism & the Unlearning of Architecture - Prof Tina Saaby Madsen