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The Walters Art Museum 600 N. Charles Street Baltimore, Maryland 21201 http://www.thewalters.org/

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/legalcode Published 2009


NOTE: The pages in this book are ordered from right to left. This means that to view the pages in order, you should go the last page of the document and read what would be from “back-to-front� for a Western manuscript.

This document is a digital facsimile of selections from a manuscript belonging to the Walters Art Museum, in Baltimore, Maryland, in the United States. It is one of a number of manuscripts that have been digitized as part of a project generously funded by the National Endowment for the Humanities, and by an anonymous donor to the Walters Art Museum. More details about the manuscripts at the Walters can be found by visiting The Walters Art Museum's website www.thewalters.org. For further information about this book, and online resources for Walters manuscripts, please contact us through the Walters Website by email, and ask for your message to be directed to the Department of Manuscripts.


Label: This scene refers to the verse about the passing of kings into oblivion, advising that one should not spend life without drink and merrymaking. fol. 198a: Title: A man in the company of merrymaking friends Form: Illustration fol. 200b: Title: Ḥāfiẓ comes to visit his beloved Form: Illustration fol. 202b: Title: A festive party with music and wine Form: Illustration fol. 204b: Title: Jacob questions his sons after they threw Joseph into the well Form: Illustration Acquisition

Walters Art Museum, 1931, by Henry Walters bequest

Binding

The binding is original. Brown leather with inlaid medallions and pendants (no flap)

Bibliography

Richard, Francis. Catalogue des manuscrits persans. (Paris: Bibliothèque nationale, 1989), no. 272.

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Label: This scene refers to the first couplet on the page, referring to Jamshīd and his magic bowl (jām). fol. 180b: Title: Farhād cuts the rocks while Shīrīn and Khusraw pass by on horseback Form: Illustration fol. 183a: Title: The empty throne and Jamshīd’s crown Form: Illustration Comment: This scene is supposed to illustrate the verses of this page about the nothingness of this world and worldly things. fol. 186a: Title: Ḥāfiẓ recites poems to his beloved Form: Illustration fol. 188b: Title: Ḥāfiẓ recites poems before a king Form: Illustration fol. 190b: Title: A beautiful girl (like an angel) on horseback followed by a crowd of admirers Form: Illustration fol. 192a: Title: A Persian king with his courtiers Form: Illustration fol. 193b: Title: Laylá and Majnūn and an old messenger who arranged their meeting Form: Illustration fol. 195a: Title: Rustam in the well Form: Illustration fol. 196b: Title: Two seated figures in discussion Form: Illustration

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fol. 140a: Title: Ḥāfiẓ and Ḥājī Qavām Form: Illustration fol. 143b: Title: Sultan Maḥmūd and Iyāz Form: Illustration fol. 148b: Title: Farhād visits Shīrīn Form: Illustration fol. 150b: Title: A man playing polo Form: Illustration Label: This illustration relates to the lower verse on this page: "The white horse of fortune became tame under you. You rode well into the field, so go forth and hit the ball." fol. 153b: Title: Farhād kills himself with a pickaxe Form: Illustration fol. 156a: Title: Ḥāfiẓ and his beloved with a bottle and a glass of wine in her hands Form: Illustration fol. 161b: Title: Gathering on a terrace Form: Illustration Label: This scene is supposed to go with the couplet "Considering what the women have done to Kay Kāvus and Kay Khusraw, do not put your faith in them." fol. 171a: Title: Majnūn surrounded by animals and Laylá in her tent Form: Illustration fol. 178b: Title: Figures seated around a magic bowl Form: Illustration

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Form: Illustration fol. 97a: Title: Alexander the Great and Darius Form: Illustration fol. 102b: Title: Alexander the Great, in search of the Fountain of Life, meets the prophet Khiḍr Form: Illustration fol. 107a: Title: Jesus in the company of men and women Form: Illustration Label: This illustration seems to refer to the first couplet on the page: “Wine, like Jesus, gives life to dead bodies.” fol. 113a: Title: Ḥāfiẓ pays a visit to his beloved at night Form: Illustration fol. 119b: Title: Alexander the Great, in search of the Fountain of Life, meets the prophet Khiḍr Form: Illustration fol. 122a: Title: Men drinking wine Form: Illustration fol. 126b: Title: Ḥāfiẓ tells the story of Kay Kāvus Form: Illustration fol. 131b: Title: Ḥāfiẓ serves wine in the company of a king, a judge, and a policeman Form: Illustration fol. 135a: Title: Jacob visits Joseph in Egypt Form: Illustration

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fol. 43b: Title: A beautiful girl and two gentlemen Form: Illustration Label: This illustration seems to depict the lower verse inscribed on the page indicting that it is not necessary to bring a candle to the gathering, as the beautiful face of the woman is illumination enough. fol. 48a: Title: An intoxicated girl brings wine to Ḥāfiẓ Form: Illustration fol. 54a: Title: Farhād in front of Shīrīn’s palace Form: Illustration fol. 59b: Title: Two lovers drinking wine in a garden Form: Illustration fol. 65a: Title: The hoopoe brings King Solomon good news from Queen Sheba Form: Illustration fol. 70b: Title: Majnūn, surrounded by animals, hopes to see Laylá pass Form: Illustration fol. 75b: Title: A festive party Form: Illustration fol. 80b: Title: King Solomon upon his throne and dancing demons Form: Illustration fol. 86b: Title: Jamshīd with his courtiers Form: Illustration fol. 92a: Title: Jacob visiting Joseph and his brothers

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fol. 5b: Title: Incipit page with illuminated headpiece Form: Incipit; headpiece Label: This incipit page has an illuminated headpiece inscribed with the doxological formula (basmalah) introducing the initial verses of the Dīvān. There is gilt interlinear illumination and rectangular panels with floral motifs in the lower corners of the text area. fol. 8b: Title: The Prophet Muhammad (not depicted) ascends on Burāq Form: Illustration fol. 12a: Title: An angel tells Adam to leave paradise Form: Illustration fol. 14a: Title: The martyrdom of Manṣūr al-Ḥallāj Form: Illustration fol. 19b: Title: King Solomon sends a hoopoe with a message to Queen Sheba Form: Illustration fol. 23b: Title: The story of the nightingale continuing to mourn Form: Illustration fol. 28b: Title: Comparison of two famous couples: Iyāz and Sultan Maḥmūd and Laylá and Majnūn Form: Illustration fol. 33b: Title: A man beside the bed of his beloved with his two rivals Form: Illustration fol. 38b: Title: Ḥāfiẓ dreams of a beautiful girl coming to his bed Form: Illustration

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Comment: Date uncertain (evidence of erasure of second digit) Support material

Paper Laid paper

Extent

Foliation: i+ 213+i

Collation

Catchwords: Written obliquely on versos

Dimensions

8.0 cm wide by 14.0 cm high

Written surface

4.5 cm wide by 9.0 cm high

Layout

Columns: 2 Ruled lines: 14 Framing lines in blue, red, gold, and green

Contents

fols. 1b - 212b: Title: Dīvān-i Ḥāfiẓ Incipit: Text note: Main text of the Dīvān preceded by a preface (dībāchah) (fols. 1b-4b) Hand note: Written in black nastaʿlīq script Decoration note: Forty-nine illustrations; double-page illuminated incipit with headpiece introducing the preface; double-page illuminated incipit with headpiece introducing the main text; square and rectangular panels with floral decoration on text pages; framing lines in blue, red, gold, and green

Decoration

fol. 1b: Title: Incipit page with illuminated headpiece Form: Incipit; headpiece Label: This incipit page has an illuminated headpiece inscribed with the doxological formula (basmalah). It introduces the preface (dībāchah) of the work. There is gilt interlinear decoration with a flower and vine gilt border.

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Shelf mark

Walters Art Museum Ms. W.635

Descriptive Title

Collection of poems (divan)

Text title

Dīvān-i Ḥāfiẓ Vernacular:

Author

Authority name: Ḥāfiẓ, 14th cent. As-written name: Shams al-Dīn Muḥammad Ḥāfiz al-Shīrāzī Name, in vernacular: Note: Author dates preferred by cataloger: (fl. 8th century AH / 14th CE)

Abstract

This is an illuminated and illustrated Collection of poems (dīvān) by Shams al-Dīn Muḥammad Ḥāfiz al-Shīrāzī (fl. eighth century AH / fourteenth CE), which was produced in India. According to the colophon, the manuscript was completed on the 19th Rajab 1202[?] AH / 1788[?] CE. It opens with a double-page illuminated incipit (fols. 1b-2a) with headpiece that introduces the preface (dībāchah) (fols. 1b-4b), followed by another double-page illuminated incipit with headpiece opening the main text of the Dīvān (fols. 5b-6a). The codex is decorated throughout with square and rectangular panels, as well as horizontal bands with floral decoration marking the end of odes, quatrains, or series of verses. There are forty-nine illustrations. The brown leather binding with medallion and pendants is contemporary with the manuscript.

Date

19th Rajab 1202[?] AH / 1788[?] CE

Origin

India

Form

Book

Genre

Literary -- Poetry

Language

The primary language in this manuscript is Persian.

Colophon

212b: Transliteration: tamma tamma tamām shud bi-tārīkh-i nūzdahum /1/ shahr-i Rajab al-murajjab sanat-i 1202[?] /2/

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This document is a digital facsimile of selections from a manuscript belonging to the Walters Art Museum, in Baltimore, Maryland, in the United States. It is one of a number of manuscripts that have been digitized as part of a project generously funded by the National Endowment for the Humanities, and by an anonymous donor to the Walters Art Museum. More details about the manuscripts at the Walters can be found by visiting The Walters Art Museum's website www.thewalters.org. For further information about this book, and online resources for Walters manuscripts, please contact us through the Walters Website by email, and ask for your message to be directed to the Department of Manuscripts.


A digital facsimile of selections fromWalters Ms. W.635, Collection of poems (divan) Title: Dīvān-i Ḥāfiẓ

Published by: The Walters Art Museum 600 N. Charles Street Baltimore, MD 21201 http://www.thewalters.org/

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/legalcode Published 2011

Collection of poems (divan), Walters Art Museum MS. W.635  

This is an illuminated and illustrated Collection of poems (dīvān) by Shams al-Dīn Muḥammad Ḥāfiz al-Shīrāzī (fl. eighth century AH / fourte...

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