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Vol. 20 Issue. 08

www.ufvcascade.ca

WEDNESDAY, MARCH 7, 2012

Staying together for the kids since 1993

SUS-lections: Vote Now!

• SUS Debate Dilemma p.3

• Chilliwack Bus Connecter? p.3 •

Eat Local, Eat Healthy p.12

A Discussion Below the Belt - Silent Bonds Part 3 p.17


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WEDNESDAY, MARCH 7, 2012

INSIDE THIS WEEK’S ISSUE News

Opinion

Arts & Life

Sports & Health Paul Esau reports on the men’s and women’s Final Four appearance in Saskatchewan. The men grabbed second in Canada West, and the women fought hard against tough competetion.

CIVL celebrates newest venture

BCTF is one tough bunch

She came, She dined, She dashed

CIVIL radio moves further into the community with a bus advertisement that will turn heads. Station Manager, Aaron Levy tells students all about how CIVL involved the community in their latest business move.

Staff writer Sasha Moedt talks about her feelings regarding the hottest topic in the news, Bill 22. Sasha stands strong with the teachers, supporting their right to negogiate.

Amy Van Veen gives her final review, an evaluation of a local eatery in Abbotsford, Ann Marie’s Cafe. If you’re feeling the 50’s nostalgia, find out if this place is worth checking out.

Read more on page 4

Read more on page 9

Cascade crazy?

Read more on page 26

Read more on page 14

EDITORIAL

The myth of the individual Paul ESAU THE CASCADE I was on the internets recently, surfing the endless realms of belligerent, grammatical incoherent forum posts, when I discovered the following in the profile of one of my “real life” friends: “I respect people’s rights to believe in whatever nonsense or sense they want to, as long as they don’t try to persuade or influence others on the basis of their unevidenced beliefs. You believe in the Flying Spaghetti Monster?[*] Fine, no problem. You want to persuade me to believe it? Not fine, piss off.” I was struck by this not because it’s a new perspective on a common problem, but because of how pervasive this belief has become in our society. All of us have encountered a variation of this statement, usually in the form of someone backpedaling from a potential religious or ideological argument. We are familiar with, and to a certain extent resonate with, the idea that everyone should be able to believe or do what they want as long as they don’t impose those beliefs and actions on others. Recently in Abbotsford we’ve seen this sentiment expressed in defense of both the cancelled/ uncancelled Taboo Sex Show and the new Lingerie Football Team, and frankly I would defend its use in both cases. Yet this perspective is based on

a series of assumptions that I find problematic. It’s an easy, perhaps trite, response to the complicated problem of tolerance, and one that boxes systems of belief into defined containers in the closet of personality. It’s characteristic of what I would consider “the myth of the individual”; the belief that society is constructed of individuals whose actions or beliefs have little impact upon others or even upon their inherent selves.

There are two main myths which I think are propagated by this perspective: A. What you believe does not affect who you are I get the impression from statements such as the forum post above that people assume belief systems to be accessories which get pulled out during family reunions or important holidays as a matter of ceremony. An individual can thus turn on or off their beliefs, or even switch them to conform to different social settings.

Frankly this idea disturbs me because any system of beliefs that comes with an “on/off” isn’t really a system of beliefs at all. Belief dictates thought, and thought dictates action, and therefore any true belief will have a profound effect on both the perspective and life of the believer. This does not imply that anyone who believes anything is morally required to “persuade” everyone else of that belief, but it does mean that, con-

sciously or subconsciously, they are generating influence. What you believe, if you truly believe it, is what you are. B. What you believe has no affect on me One of the great myths of our time is the idea that any action or belief is permissible as long as it has no tangible negative effect upon other people. Anybody who has stood at the intersection of Hastings and Main in Vancouver and seen the sociological impact of the struggles in that commu-

nity will know that this statement simply isn’t true. All communities are organisms, and no single cell in an organism can completely buffer itself nor be buffered from the surrounding cells. The beliefs of our neighbours, our professors, even our classmates affect us, no matter how successfully or unsuccessfully they try to restrain them. Once again, I affirm that there is much truth in the idea that a person’s private beliefs are their own business, and everyone has the right to believe in “whatever nonsense or sense they want to” in the vacuum of their individuality. But I would caution those who believe the discussion simply ends there, that this alone constitutes tolerance. If anybody truly believes anything, then that person’s entire life is a subtle form of persuasion. We cannot attempt to deny this fact, just as we should not isolate ourselves to the point that the only persuasion or influence we recognize is our own. *For those of who you have not yet encountered the Church of the Flying Spaghetti Monster I’d encourage you to visit http://www. venganza.org/ for a rather bizarre commentary on modern religious institutions. YES, these people claim to believe in the FSM (or at least the ideas behind it). NO, these people are not idiots, and YES they have funny posters.

Editor-in-Chief esau@ufvcascade.ca Paul Esau Managing Editor nick@ufvcascade.ca Nick Ubels Business Manager ali@ufvcascade.ca Ali Siemens Online Editor michael@ufvcascade.ca Michael Scoular Production Manager stewart@ufvcascade.ca Stewart Seymour Art Director anthony@ufvcascade.ca Anthony Biondi Copy Editor joel@ufvcascade.ca Joel Smart News Editor grace@ufvcascade.ca Grace Romund Opinion Editor dessa@ufvcascade.ca Dessa Bayrock Arts & Life Editor amy@ufvcascade.ca Amy Van Veen Sports Editor sean@ufvcascade.ca Sean Evans Photojournalist rebecca@ufvcascade.ca Rebecca Groen News Writer joe@ufvcascade.ca Joe Johnson Staff Writers Karen Aney, Jennifer Colbourne, Sasha Moedt, Leanna Pankratz, Alexei Summers Contributors EJ Harrow, Paige Hoblak, Junelle Mah, Aaron Levy, Kenneth Muir, Tim Ubels Printed By International WebExpress

UPCOMING EVENTS March 8

March 9

March 9

March 14

ISA Integrates Meeting

Canada Research Chair Candidate Presentation

Opening Night of As You Like It

O-Leader Recruitment Session

The Canada Research Chair (CRC) will be presenting the candidates for the Canada Research Chair in Immigration, Citizenship, and Refugee Protection. This meeting is to present the candidate, Elke Winter. The CRC program aims to promote research and training of qualified university personnel. The presentation will be held on March 9 from 9 a.m. to 10 a.m. on the Abbotsford campus in room A225.

Spring has sprung which means that flowers will grow, that finals are fast approaching and that UFV Theatre will be premiering their annual production of a Shakespeare play very shortly. As You Like It will be opening on March 9 at 7:30 p.m. at the Chilliwack theatre on the Chilliwack campus. This will be the third time this scintillating romantic comedy has been produced by the UFV Theatre. Tickets range from $9 to $20. Previews and full features of the production will be playing throughout March.

If you want a fun and energetic way to get involved in campus life now and in the upcoming school year, becoming an Orientation Leader for this coming September is a great way to do it. O-Leaders are charged with the task of introducing new UFV students in the fall to all that UFV has to offer academically, culturally and socially. The recruitment session will be held on March 14 from 12:00 p.m. until 12:30 p.m. on the Abbotsford campus in U-House, room F110.

The International Student Association will be hosting their first Integrates Meeting as a way to inform students about what the International Student Association (ISA) can offer all UFV students. ISA celebrates the diversity of UFV and will be discussing ways of fulfilling this mandate when they meet for the Integrates Meeting March 8 at 11:45 a.m. to 12:30 p.m. in B223’s Globe Room. Pizza will be provided.

Volume 20 · Issues 8 Room C1027 33844 King Road Abbotsford, BC V2S 7M8 604.854.4529

The Cascade is UFV’s autonomous student newspaper. It provides a forum for UFV students to have their journalism published. It also acts as an alternative press for the Fraser Valley. The Cascade is funded with UFV student funds. The Cascade is published every Friday with a circulation of 1500 and is distributed at UFV campuses and throughout Abbotsford, Chilliwack, and Mission. The Cascade is a member of the Canadian University Press, a national cooperative of 75 university and college newspapers from Victoria to St. John’s. The Cascade follows the CUP ethical policy concerning material of a prejudicial or oppressive nature. Submissions are preferred in electronic format through e-mail. Please send submissions in “.txt” or “.doc” format only. Articles and letters to the editor must be typed. The Cascade reserves the right to edit submissions for clarity and length. The Cascade will not print any articles that contain racist, sexist, homophobic or libellous content. The writer’s name and student number must be submitted with each submission. Letters to the editor must be under 250 words if intended for print. Only one letter to the editor per writer in any given edition. Opinions expressed do not necessarily reflect that of UFV, Cascade staff and collective, or associated members.


WEDNESDAY, MARCH 7, 2012

www.ufvcascade.ca

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NEWS

UFV DECIDES 2012 Prospective SUS reps tackle student indifference Candidate absences set urgent tone for debate to increase interaction between students and their SUS representatives. “I have a class today from 11:30 to 2:30, but I just said to my teacher yesterday that I’ve got to leave really quick to go to an important meeting and that was no problem,” he said. “So I think we’re looking to our candidates here for who’s going to be a strong person to be able to take that role, because there does need to be a level of authority and leadership in making sure people are responsible.”

Nick ubels

THE CASCADE The hot button issue of student apathy once again took centre stage at last Wednesday’s Student Union Society (SUS) election’s allcandidates meeting, where hopeful SUS representatives offered a variety of solutions to this endemic problem facing an expanding and decentralized university. Low voter turnouts – hovering around one per cent of eligible students in the last SUS election – are telling of a widespread lack of involvement at UFV. Adding urgency to the discussion was the backdrop of five empty chairs reserved for representative-at-large candidates who were not in attendance at Wednesday’s meeting. These five candidates—Vinu Abraham, Vitor Carvalho, Ahmed Hussein, Jay Mitchell, and Ryan Petersen—were not only absent from the Abbotsford meeting on March 1, but also failed to submit written statements. Fellow representative-at-large candidate Rachel Waslesky was also absent, but forwarded a brief opening statement to be read by moderator and SUS communications administrator Jhim Burwell in her place. Celina Beer, candidate for vice president internal, addressed the issue of accountability in the fairly open-ended representativeat-large position by pledging to introduce set agendas that still allowed the representatives to choose which issues they would like to advocate. When asked to comment on the meeting’s many absences, Beer called it a “sad fact.” “Unfortunately, I can’t vouch for why that is,” she said. All told, only two of eight

Reaching out to students

SUS candidates debate candidates for representativeat-large—SUS longtime member Debbie Ellis and newcomer Nicholas Willms—made an appearance at the Abbotsford allcandidates meeting. None of the incumbent representative-atlarge candidates made an appearance. Representative-at-large was not the only position with a handful of no-show candidates, however. Two candidates for vice president academic, Daniel van der Kroon and Marin Beck, were also absent, though Beck did forward a written statement. This left current representative-at-large Mehtab Singh Rai the only candidate for VP academic in attendance. There are eight representativeat-large positions available in the upcoming election and only eight candidates running for those positions, meaning that each candidate is running uncontested; students will simply be asked to vote

yes or no for each candidate. VP internal candidate Greg Stickland added that, if elected, he would set clearer standards for representatives’ monthly reports. “It’s not fair if they don’t know what’s expected from them,” he said. “We kind of have a joke on the board, and that’s that Devon [McHardy] is our VP internal and VP infernal, and I’d be taking over that role, but that’s not exactly how I run things. I also set an example as well.” Debbie Ellis, rep-at-large candidate, proposed that the monthly reports be made publically available in hard copy at the SUS office to increase representative accountability to student members. “I would have no problem releasing my report,” she said. Incumbent SUS president Carlos Vidal, who is running uncontested after Wyatt Scott dropped out of the race, stressed the importance of leading by example

Candidate for Vice President East and third year political science major Kyle Wierks pledged to work towards greater student involvement on both the Abbotsford and Chilliwack campuses during his opening statement. “I believe in UFV,” said Wierks. “I want to see it grow and I want to see it become a hub of student activity. We have a lot of students who come to class and then leave and don’t stay and don’t get involved. I believe that that’s detrimental both to student life and to the university.” When asked to expand on some of the specific ways in which he would help achieve Weeks of Welcome activities to set a participatory tone early in students’ UFV experience as well as introducing program-specific designated study areas, much like the science study area, for other programs. He also recommended increased advertising for campus events through social media and posters. Unopposed candidate for vice president social Christian Doyle criticized Wierks’ plan for not bringing anything new to the

has no possible means of transportation out to the Chilliwack campus. VP academic candidate Mehtab Singh Rai voiced his support for the bus when asked if he was in support of such a project based on the fact that his position would, in large part, be responsible for advocating the needs of students to those beyond the institution. “I know that Tristan and Sam have been keen to solicit a private bus company… It’s really important that the connection happens,” stated Rai. Many questions were directed towards the candidate for VP finance Samuel Broadfoot, who was asked to speak on the logistical issues surrounding a potential bus to connect Abbotsford and Chilliwack campuses. Broadfoot is the incumbent for VP finance and has worked closely with current VP east Tristan Gibson already during his previous term as VP finance to review the potential SUS budget for an Abbotsford-

Chilliwack connector, as well as the costs associated with it. “We’ve run into some interesting problems [with private bus companies]... We tried to get a private shuttle working between Abbotsford and Chilliwack but as it stands we neither have the budget or money to offer that. The only thing we can really do is encourage private companies to come in and charge students and say ‘You would have an exclusive contract as long as you maintain prices.’ “We’re trying to see who else would be interesting in such a model, but we haven’t seen anyone else.” Broadfoot also stated that the two largest costs of a bus would be the insurance of the vehicles and the cost of gas. “If we had about $10,000 we could just throw around, a bus would definitely be a priority,” said Broadfoot. The VP east is intended to to advocate the specific needs of

Image:Nick Ubels/The Cascade

table as far as ways to bring together SUS representatives and their student members. “You mentioned that we need to make sure students get involved, we need to make sure we advertise and put out schedules, but we have done that in the past and we’ve done that this year,” said Doyle. “We did a lot of things that you’re saying, so I’m a little curious what you plan to do differently.” VP internal candidate Greg Stickland quickly chimed in with his “Campus Crunch” project in which SUS would produce a brief, weekly YouTube video that would fill make students aware of upcoming events. Beer countered that SUS is already reaching out to students through other campus media without much success. Shane Potter, Wierks’ opponent in the race for VP east, said that SUS has been taking steps in the right direction by moving from outmoded communication efforts like MyUFV, email newsletters, and posters—which students are “saturated” with on a daily basis—to social media and other new ways of connecting with students. “Honestly, I see it working,” he said. “People are taking a more vested interest in student politics. We need to think of innovative ways to connect with students in person and through social media.” Vidal echoed Potter’s enthusiasm for SUS’s recent attempts to find new and better ways to communicate with UFV students. “I think we’re working in the right direction,” he said. “But I think we need to bump up our advertising to drive people to that [Facebook] page.”

Start the bus, UFV! GRACE ROMUND

THE CASCADE

An Abbotsford-Chilliwack connector bus could become a reality if the candidates for VP east have their way. Both candidates for VP east Shane Potter and Kyle Wierks attempted to respond to specific needs of more eastwardly students during the SUS all-candidates meeting last Wednesday. The issue is all the more pressing with the opening of UFV’s new Chilliwack campus; the Theatre, Nursing and Agriculture programs are all exclusively offered in Chilliwack. VP east is one of the few positions (along with VP academic and VP internal) in this year’s SUS elections that are running contested campaigns, in which two or more candidates are gunning for the positions. The goals of the candidates for the VP east position proved to be one of the

most interesting to the attendees of Wednesday’s SUS elections allcandidates meeting as candidates Shane Potter and Kyle Wierks inspired discussion about the previously undervalued needs of Chilliwack students. Representative-at-large candidate Debbie Ellis commented that she and current VP east Tristan Gibson are the only two current SUS board members who make regular appearances in the Chilliwack SUS office. It has been a pipe dream and even an unavailable necessity for some students for many years now, despite previous attempts (petitions, countless SUS board meetings, etc.): a transit bus between Abbotsford and Chilliwack. Current SUS resident representative currently running for VP social Christian Doyle described his personal situation as a UFV student needing to take courses at both Abbotsford and Chilliwack campuses as a part of his degree although he currently

Chilliwack students. Hence, VP east candidate Shane Potter had a noticeably strong opinion on the bus issue as well as most of his campaign built up on the need for viable transit between Abbotsford and Chilliwack for students. “I respect that Sam works hard on budget, but this is an issue of absolute priority. We don’t understand that if we do not get a bus before the new [Chilliwack] campus is totally up and running we have students going into their second, third and fourth year who will be unable to go to class at all. They won’t be able to finish their education here,” Potter said. “So, I know it’s not in our budget and I know we’re working hard on the issue… There has to be a way. And if we have to look at other issues and giving up others things. Unfortunately, students getting to their classes and finishing their classes is top priority, especially for Chilliwack.”


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WEDNESDAY, MARCH 7, 2012

NEWS

CIVL Radio rolls out into the community ali siemens

THE CASCADE CIVL Radio has been working towards a stronger visual presence in the Abbotsford community with the help of UFV students. UFV’s campus radio station held a bus advertisement design contest in recent weeks. The station asked for submissions from students and community for a design that would be displayed on the side of three Trans-Link buses in Abbotsford. CIVL received the news that they have successfully completed the minimum requirements for the broadcasting tests of Industry Canada. Now that the final test period is complete, they are in the process of applying for a permanent broadcasting license. This allows for a stronger push to have their voices heard in the community. Aaron Levy, station manager at CIVL, happily announced that the station “ will be broadcast-

ing, which we pretty much have been for the past two weeks now, out into Langley and Aldergrove reaching more into the Fraser Valley for the first time.” The broadcasting tests were to ensure 101.7 FM didn’t interfere with any other stations or police scanners, and with lots of hard work, CIVL passed the test. With a more permanent link to the CRTC, the Canadian Radio Telecommunications Commission, CIVL also wants to work towards making a stronger link with the Fraser Valley community, both UFV students and com-

munity members off campus. Levy reiterated that the bus advertisement contest was just another way to have the community at large involved. “We don’t get any money out of this, we are looking at it as we want to help and sustain ourselves by raising our profile in the community with these advertisements,” stated Levy. Levy also mentioned that CIVL was able to take advantage of their status as a non-profit organization allowing them to receive a slightly lower rate for advertising.

The promotions committee spent the morning of Saturday, March 3, deliberating on the multiple submissions made to CIVL, and ultimately deciding who was the winner of the contest. Levy noted that after an hour, the team reached a decision and the winner is UFV student Brian Kavanagh. Following the specific requirements, Kavanagh submitted a design that will fill 30-inches by 139-inches of space on the side of three Abbotsford buses. As a community radio station, CIVL 101.7 is trying to include the community in all areas. By hold-

ing a community wide contest and trying to extend their reach further into the community, they hope to soon find themselves playing over local venue speakers as well. Levy also mentioned the hopes to have the advertising contest to coincide with CIVL’s upcoming referendum happening at the end of March, hopefully bringing more attention to the radio station as a whole and their request for an increased budget.

Visit us online at ufvcascade.ca NEWS BRIEFS

Image: reuters

Image: Byron and Tamara/Wikimedia Commons

Mystery disease devastates northern Uganda

McGillLeaks publishes confidential internal documents

Image: U OF T

Ontario universities face tricky financial future

Image: wired.com

Elections Canada swamped with 2011 complaints

Apple’s next iPad may be a 4G game changer

PADER DISTRICT, Uganda (Reuters) - Most mornings, Michael

MONTREAL (CUP) — Documents from McGill’s Development and

WATERLOO (CUP) — In order to prevent a projected deficit of

OTTAWA (Reuters) - An investigation of alleged dirty tricks

SAN FRANCISCO/NEW YORK (Reuters) - Apple Inc is betting a

Odongkara takes his daughter Nancy Lamwaka outside and ties

Alumni Relations (DAR), many of which are marked “confidential”

$30.2 billion by 2017–18, Canadian economist Don Drummond

during last year’s election campaign has been broadened after

4G-equipped iPad will tempt more U.S. consumers to pay extra

her ankle to a mango tree.

or “highly confidential,” were posted online on March 3 by the

has recommended a series of fiscal initiatives for the Ontario gov-

the number of complaints has snowballed into the tens of

to watch high-quality video on the go, and in turn, give Verizon

It’s not something he likes to do. But the disease that gives

anonymous group McGillLeaks.

ernment to consider when constructing the next annual budget, in

thousands, the federal agency that runs elections said on Friday.

Wireless and AT&T Inc a revenue boost.

the 12-year-old violent seizures has so diminished her mental

In a statement on its website, McGillLeaks announced its

a report released on Feb. 15.

The complaints to the agency, Elections Canada, concern

Until now, Apple’s fan legion has been reluctant to shell out

capacity that she no longer talks and often wanders off. Once,

intention to release hundreds of documents over the next three

This, however, has included many restrictions on provincial funding

fraudulent phone calls made during the campaign for the May

extra money even for iPads with 3G connections. The cheaper

she was lost in the bush for three days.

weeks, starting with the release of DAR documents pertaining

for many public areas, including post-secondary education.

2011 federal election, which was won by the Conservatives.

Wi-Fi-only model -- with more limited Web access -- is by far the

“It hurts me so much to tie my own daughter to a tree ... but

to pharmaceutical, biotechnology and defence industries. The

Wilfrid Laurier University, along with other Ontario universities,

Opposition politicians allege the calls directed their supporters

top-selling one today.

because I want to save her life, I am forced to. I don’t want her to

documents can be downloaded from the McGillLeaks website.

will have to prepare accordingly if such cuts to funding do occur in

away from correct polling stations in an effort to suppress

The newest iPad will be capable of operating on a high-speed

(get) loose and die in a fire, or walk and get lost in the bushes, or

The first release of documents contains donor and corporation

the next provincial budget. Many recommendations in the report

their votes.

4G “LTE,” or Long-Term Evolution network, according to a source

even drown in the nearby swamps,” he said.

profiles, correspondence pertaining to corporate funding,

include “accelerated” three-year degrees and a teaching stream

The opposition Liberals have also complained of rude calls made

familiar with the product. At speeds roughly 10 times faster

Lamwaka suffers from nodding syndrome, a disease of unknown

histories of corporate donations and relations, and industrial

that is more emphasized on teaching rather than research.

under their name in an apparent attempt to alienate voters.

than current 3G technology, that may go a long way toward

origins and no known cure, which Ugandan authorities estimate

partnerships — notably, a Memorandum of Understand-

“From what I heard one person say, there’s ‘pain on every page,’”

Prime Minister Stephen Harper has categorically denied any

banishing the sometimes shaky video quality of older devices.

affects more than 3,000 children in the country.

ing between McGill and Canadian pharmaceutical company

explained Jim Butler, vice president of finance at Laurier. “So, it’s

Conservative involvement in the calls.

Such a juiced-up device would help boost the telecoms market

Named after its seizure-like episodes of head nodding, the

GlaxoSmithKline Inc.

going to mean cutbacks in government services and government

Elections Canada said the high volume of complaints regarding

if consumers catch on and can be enticed to pay more, some

disease, which mostly affects children between five and 15, has

On its website, DAR states that its “many programs and activities

funding everywhere.”

“robocalls”, automated calls made with a recorded message,

analysts said. The global tablet user base already reached 67

killed more than 200 children in Uganda in the past three years.

help the University establish and maintain strong relationships

Due to the ailing pension plan — in which Laurier has an $85 mil-

in recent days was the result of political parties and members

million in 2011, according to researcher Strategy Analytics.

Thousands of children in South Sudan are also sufferers.

with alumni, donors, and potential donors.” DAR employees

lion deficiency — as well as other economic instabilities, Butler

of Parliament having called on the public to send information

“It’s going to dramatically improve video consumption,” said UBS

As the seizures are often triggered by food, children who have

report to vice-principal (development and alumni relations)

anticipates significant cuts to Laurier’s budget for the 2013–14

to the agency.

analyst John Hodulik. “This is the device people want. They want

nodding syndrome become undernourished and mentally and

Marc Weinstein.

academic year.

“More than 31,000 contacts have been initiated with Elections

the fastest speed. They want high resolution.”

physically stunted.

In its statement, McGillLeaks verified the authenticity of the

“Any kind of cut [and] anything less than full average cost funding

Canada by Canadians. Elections Canada is reviewing these and

Apple, AT&T and Verizon declined to comment.

“There is a general effect on their neurological system to the

documents on its website and stated that the contents of the

is going to hurt,” Butler continued, noting that special payments of

will take action as appropriate,” the agency said in a statement

The Cupertino, California-based consumer device company

extent that some can be impaired in vision, eating and even

documents have not been altered.

around $13 million to the pension plan may begin early 2013.

on Friday.

is gearing up to unveil the iPad 3 on Wednesday, a faster

mere recognition of their immediate environment,” said Dr.

McGillLeaks outlines three goals for its public release of the

“If you combine that with reduced government revenue by way of

It emerged on February 23 that Elections Canada had opened

and better-equipped version intended to thwart increasing

Emmanuel Tenywa, a country advisor in disease control for the

documents: to provide an account of a “corporate university’s in-

[fewer] government grants for student growth, that’s going to be a

an investigation into possible electoral fraud in Guelph, Ontario,

competition from rivals such as Samsung Electronics Co and

World Health Organization (WHO) in Uganda.

ner workings,” to supply accurate information regarding McGill’s

very, very challenging year.”

but the agency had not confirmed the breadth of its investiga-

Amazon.com.

relations with the private sector and to create transparency.

In the report, Drummond recommends that government funding

tions elsewhere, or even if it was investigating.

The new iPad will be “critical” to Apple if it is to continue to

“While not exhaustive in any sense, the documents are primary

grows at a rate of 1.5 per cent a year until 2017–18, but that does

Friday’s statement said the Commissioner of Canada Elections

dominate the global tablet market, said Frost & Sullivan’s

source material on the university’s role within the competitive

not match up with the figure of the 1.7 per cent projected student

was looking at new complaints and had the authority to bring

analyst, Phil Harpur.

market, and how it conceives of that role,” the statement reads.

enrolment growth up to the same year. As a result, questions have

in investigators from the Royal Canadian Mounted Police and

“We are cognizant of the fact that the methods used by McGill

arisen about the potential impact this may have on university

other agencies to help in times of high volume.

are similar to those of many other ‘public research universities,’

education, in particular class sizes and the quality of teaching.

and thus are relevant not only to those with an interest in McGill,” it continues.


WEDNESDAY, MARCH 7, 2012

www.ufvcascade.ca

5

NEWS

Conference on equality on its way to becoming an annual event SASHA MOEDT

THE CASCADE

The second annual Advocates for Equality Leadership Conference took place at U-House this past Friday evening and Saturday. Hosted by Student Life, the conference focused on cultural diversity, racism and self-awareness. “We have received positive feedback from students who attended,” noted Sidrah Ahmad, Jenia Pyzhyanova, and Susan Francis of UFV’s Student Life. “Friday evening was a great start to the conference – students didn’t want the dialogue to finish at 7:30 p.m. which was a good sign. Overall on Saturday, everything went very well.” This year, the conference offered sessions in small group workshops, discussions, and short films. Various topics—including defining race and racism, addressing white privilege, and responding to racism—were looked at and discussed in the sessions led by UFV students and alumni. “The conference was amazing,” said UFV student Katherine Palmateer, who attended for the first time this year. “It was fun, engaging and informative. I will definitely be attending next year.” “I think it is valuable to make connections and learn about different ways to combat discrimination and learn about issues of

Image: Sasha Moedt/The Cascade

supremacy on both a macro and micro level.” The conference also hosted a keynote speaker River Chandler of Theatre Works Consulting – a company that offers workshops looking at issues such as racism in schools, and uses theatre and creativity to create change. Chandler facilitated a workshop called “Rainbow of Desire.” Student Life said that the keynote was a “very powerful and emotional theatre production, [that was] based on one UFV student’s story related to

racism which the audience acted out and contributed to.” Katherine Palmateer stated that the keynote was one of the best parts of the conference. “It was an engaging theatre workshop where students and faculty got to actively take part in creating a dialogue to gain insight, share fears, and express desire in regards to views on racism.” Students attending enjoyed the comfortable and safe atmosphere, working in small groups on topics that could be quite sensitive,

“What Can I Do with my Arts Degree?” event highlights career possibilities leanna pankratz

THE CASCADE

It’s a question that all arts students have asked themselves. No one wants to be waiting tables while an English literature degree hangs on their wall. The variety of possible arts careers, however, often leaves students feeling overwhelmed. This confusion is what prompted the February 29 event. “What Can I Do with my Arts Degree?” was attended by 30 students, UFV alumni, UFV faculty and staff. The event was organized by the Alumni Relations office, the Career Centre and English department instructor Rhonda Schuller. The event featured a panel of alumni mentors who provided experience-rich information regarding life and career opportunities after graduating from UFV with an Arts degree. The panel featured five UFV Arts alumni each representing different disciplines within the College of Arts, including History, English, Fine Arts and Geography. Several of the panel speakers are current and former members on the Alumni Association board,” said Alumni relations manager Nancy Armitage. The panel was made up of five speakers who once called the

UFV Arts Department their academic home. Melissa Kenzierski, a 2009 Geography BA, is now the Sustainability Coordinator of the City of Mission. Darren Penner, formerly a History student, forged a career as a lawyer. Helen Yannacopoulos utilizes her Bachelor of Fine Arts in her occupation as a Mission Secondary School Art teacher. English BA, Amanda Henderson now functions as the Abbotsford Heat’s ticket operations manager. Dana Boogard has put her Bachelor of English and History to use as a freelance copy writer and as a financial advisor for Sunlife Financial. The panel of alumni was well-received by attendees, who took obvious gratification in the company of Arts Department success stories. The event itself was conversational, informative, and informal – including a period for one-on-one networking, as well as a question and answer segment led by English instructor Rhonda Schuller. Refreshments were provided, and the air was full of ambition and inspiration. Students were visibly encouraged by the presence of former students who may be just a few years further down the road than themselves. “It was so good to hear from people who had actually graduated from my specific program,” said Matt

Dawson, an event attendee in his first year of History studies. “The joke is that there’s a million arts graduates out there working at coffee shops saying their “should’ve, would’ve, could’ves,” but to see tangible success by students like me, that didn’t have to travel across the continent to find it, was very encouraging… for me.” Fourth year arts student, Emily DuGard is grateful for events such as this. “This being my final year of my Bachelor of Arts in English,” she shared. “I’ve obviously had to consider the choices and decisions I’m making towards my future through my education, and have heard from more than a few naysayers when I tell them what my major is. ‘What can you do with your English degree?’ is a question I’ve heard often. When I see and hear the success experienced by other Arts graduates, I am certainly encouraged that the future is friendly, to use a cliché. For an Arts student, the world is wide open. There is success to be seen.”

and commented on the turnout as compared to the previous year. Student Life leaders Ahmad, Francis, and Pyzhyanova said that there was a total of 53 attendees – double the attendance of last year. The conference seemed worth the money; besides the keynotes and discussion sessions, students were served dinner on Friday night, as well as breakfast and lunch on Saturday. Student Life would like to see this conference grow in the com-

ing years, and are hoping for new offerings of workshops and sessions. The Advocates for Equality Leadership Conference offered many things a student might be looking for. It works to “increase [student] knowledge base” on sensitive issues. The conference “has [attendees] go out and educate others; helps them develop a toolbox of strategies, helps them get involved on campus and make a difference [and] allows them to meet other students who are perhaps experiencing similar issues. [It] builds friendships and allies, network and discover useful resources, volunteer and leadership opportunities [and] develops senior student’s leadership and facilitation skills.” “I think it is imperative for students to attend these conferences. In an environment of higher learning I believe students should challenge themselves to grow as much as possible and to take education into their own hands and actively seek out things that stretch and build them for a better world,” said Palmateer. “Conferences like this teach students to ask questions, engage in critical thought, and be accountable for their actions. This is what university should always be about, but sometimes it takes a conference to recognize it.”

NOW HIRING: Business Manager The Business Manager is responsible for the financial management of the Cascade. The Business Manager works closely with the Cascade Journalism Society’s treasurer to ensure the Cascade’s budget is being adhered to. As well, the Business Manager is to manage the Cascade’s local ad portfolio. Qualifications: 1) Must be registered in at least one credit course during the fall/winter semester. 2) Must be available to work varying hours. 3) Must be present in the office for a minimum of 12 hours a week. 4) Must be able to deal effectively with Society and university staff, students and the general public. 5) Administrative experience is an asset. 6) Must have an interest in and a rudimentary understanding of journalistic practices. 7) Basic literacy is required.

Rate of pay: $150 per issue + 20% commission on local ad sales

Please send a resume, and cover letter to ali@ufvcascade.ca


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WEDNESDAY, MARCH 7, 2012

NEWS

“We all know prohibition is a failure…” Jodie Emery on pot and progressive politics JOE JOHNSON

a lot of money into the legitimate economy: millions of dollars, billions even.

Jodie Emery, referred to as the “Princess of Pot” by some, discussed marijuana legalization—and the politics around it—with The Cascade. While her imprisoned husband Marc Emery, founder of the Cannabis Culture magazine and President of the BC Marijuana party, serves a fiveyear sentence for the sale of Marijuana seeds across the border, Jodie has taken up a full-time activist role for legalization. While most recently she travelled to Boston, and along the American east coast, to speak to legalization issues, she has in the past been politically active and ran for the Green party in the 2009 provincial election. She has her own weekly series online called “The Jodie Emery Show” where she discusses current issues, and is a consummate promoter of the website www.FreeMarc.ca. She is also now the publisher of the Cannabis Culture magazine.

I believe you’ve touched on the environmental impact of the Conservatives before, care to elaborate on that? The Conservatives don’t care for the environment. They’re dismantling environmental protection groups. They’re muzzling federal scientists. Federal scientists aren’t allowed to talk about any of the work that they’re doing anymore without approval from the Prime Minister’s office, itself… The tar sands are a big example, at the size of all of England is a gaping hole up in Alberta that’s just devastating. Native populations in the area are getting very sick… there are so many problems… But Harper doesn’t care because he puts immediate monetary benefits ahead of long term protection.

THE CASCADE

Recently, four former BC Attorney Generals came forward to call on the NDP’s Adrian Dix and Premier Christy Clark to take a stand on the legalization of pot, as well as four former Vancouver mayors having also come forward to announce their support – with current Mayor Gregor Robertson joining in. Of course, there was also the federal Liberal party who passed a motion to stand for legalization. Those are people from mainstream political parties who have had a major hand in leading us at the municipal, provincial, and federal levels. How have we not seen legalization come to pass yet? It has to be a strong sentiment running through our leaders. Well because of the special interests involved in it. There’s always police who are lobbying to continue prohibition and politicians who are willing to enable that to happen. So, there is a lot of monetary interest at stake. And that’s why you find the only people who campaign to keep prohibition in place are the police, and the police have guns, and they can take down any politician they want by arresting them for anything that they want to set up. So, we know that police do have that interest, and there are other interests at stake, too; big money, prisons, all sorts of unions that are involved. That’s why it seems to continue, I mean everybody in Canada, public opinion, politicians: we all know prohibition is a failure, but somebody awfully powerful is keeping it in place. And the only ones who want to continue prohibition are the gangsters, the police, and the politicians who support it. So, that’s what we’re up against, and they have all the weapons. The federal Conservatives appear to be importing an American-style criminal and incarceration system with their ‘Safe Streets and Communities Act’, Bill C-10. We’ve seen what that can lead to in the US now, but what will it mean to Canadians?

Marijuana activist Jodie Emery Well it would mean many thousands more Canadians going to prison, at a cost of tens of thousands of dollars per prisoner per year. That means less money for education, for healthcare, and it means the implementation of a private prison industry that would ensure Canadians continue to go to prison, even if the crime rate drops. Then they lobby for laws like the mandatory minimums to ensure that people are going to be in prison. It’s proven in the US to do that, and it’s happening in Canada. Private prison groups are already meeting with the government. So, that means that a lot of Canadians are going to be going to prison, a lot of families are going to be destroyed, and millions of dollars will be spent on it, wasted, going after an endless war. Can you expand on, maybe, the prison lobbyists meeting with the government? Yeah, there’s Geo Group and Corrections Corporation of America, are some private prison companies. Geo Group is an international [private prison company], and they have been meeting with the Canadian government. There’s a blog out there that’s documented that, and more people are looking into it, too. It’s not in the news yet, but there’s some evidence. While they do have their prison system, some American states actually are now turning around and are being seen as more progressive than we are on the legalization issue. Why has it been so difficult in a country like Canada to take a real stance? Because, the Conservatives have a majority government. They don’t listen to public opinion; they don’t listen to the experts, or the evidence, or the reports, or anything at all except the interest groups that they’re interested in. They’re ideological driven, and pretty much like a dictator, Harper says what he wants no matter what. And if anybody opposes him from within—or without— his party, he criticizes and attacks them. I mean, that’s what we’re up against, it’s really tough.

Do you believe any other political party, for instance the Liberals, would bring in legalization? They voted on it in their last convention. So, they do support it now as part of their official party policy. The Liberals were the ones who were bringing in decriminalization with Jean Chrétien, and that was supposed to go forward before the US said, “You can’t.” So, the Liberal party has been pushing for legalization or “decrim” in their history, so you know that they’re on board. The NDP also supports it, the Bloc supports it; it’s only the Conservatives who don’t. Would you consider getting back into politics? I prefer the idea of being able to support any candidate from any party if they choose the right issues. You know, if they stand for our cause or whatever’s just and fair. I don’t want to align myself to any particular political party but who knows what opportunities might come up. I’ve been asked to run at different levels of government. I’ve been asked to run federally, provincially, and on citywide politics in Vancouver. But I’ve only run provincially because it’s a big time commitment and I’m not so much for pushing for a certain party as I am for pushing for our cause. When you did run, why did you choose the Green party as opposed to the Marijuana party? Well, they asked me to run. When that election was happening, Marc had always said that the Marijuana party would support any other party that championed our issue. And so, when the Green party made it their policy to end prohibition and made sure that every candidate would agree to end prohibition, Marc said that he wanted to support the Greens. And so, the Green party met with us and said that they would like me to run as a candidate, and I agreed to that, and that’s how I got involved. Do you think that the Green party receives the same respect as the major parties? No, I don’t think they do, unfor-

Image: Cannabis Culture

tunately because they are seen as an environmental party and don’t have the financial support or voter support… They’re also pushed out because of our system. You know, we don’t have proper representation. Our first-past-thepost system doesn’t really give them the chance that they need. I mean, the Bloc had a lot of seats in the House of Commons, federally for example, whereas the Green party got the same percentage of the vote across the country but they didn’t even get one seat – until Elizabeth May won her seat in the last federal election. Other than that, we just don’t have a fair system. That’s why the Green party has always been kind of frozen out. Do you think that we will ever see a provincial leader take up legalization as a cause? I think that they should, but they won’t. Christy Clark is onboard with Stephen Harper and his crime bill, C-10. She used to say that prohibition is wrong but now that she is in office, as everybody is when they’re in office—including the four former mayors and the four former Attorney Generals— they don’t say it when they’re in office because there’s some sort of reason, you know, that they aren’t going to get money from certain people, or that they’re not going have the support of the party, or who knows exactly? But they’re not willing to speak out while they’re in office, and so Christy Clark and Adrian Dix of the NDP, he doesn’t care about this issue at all. They just both cop out and say it’s a federal issue, and that’s really unfair to the citizens of BC because they’re supposed to represent our needs and desires, and they’re not because British Columbians do want legalization. In big numbers they want it, and so it’s really a struggle. Economically, doesn’t it make sense to legalize, regulate, and tax it? British Columbians are being hit on all fronts by the government in terms of costs. Of course it does. It would save millions of dollars in law enforcement, court costs, police work, prison costs, and it would bring

Are there any cons of legalizing it? No. It depends who you are, for the police; yeah it’s negative because they’ll lose their budget. The private prison industry, they state in their annual financial report that they need to make sure the drug laws stay in place so that they can keep up the prison population. So yeah, the losers will be the gangsters, government, and police and the winners are always going to be the tax payers. Right now, we’re the losers. But no, there’s no other negative towards legalizing it at all, whatsoever. Would you be satisfied with decriminalization? Yes, because any step towards stopping people from going to prison, or having to interact with courts or arrests, is positive. We’ll take steps towards full legalization, I’m fine with that. What do you say to people who see societal values as not including marijuana, and would rather try to eliminate it as opposed to control it? Well, you’re never going to be able to get rid of it because as we’ve seen, prohibition doesn’t work. There’s more marijuana than ever before, more people use it more than ever before. So, they can’t ever win. After being arrested for selling seeds by mail into the US, how is Marc doing down in an American prison? He’s fine considering the circumstances. He’s keeping busy, he reads a lot, writes a lot, walks around the track, tries to stay healthy, tries to eat healthy as much as he can in prison, he’s learning bass guitar. He’s got a band and that’s been keeping his time going, and he always tries to make the most of wherever he’s at, and whatever situation he’s in. So, he just tries to remain optimistic because he has a lot of support, we have each other, and we have just a couple more years to go.


WEDNESDAY, MARCH 7, 2012

www.ufvcascade.ca

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NEWS

Prospera Credit Union wins Top Employer Award in Abbotsford JOE JOHNSON

THE CASCADE

Last week, Vibrant Abbotsford, a local group that recognizes businesses who excel in providing high-quality work benefits and conditions for employees, awarded Prospera Credit Union with their Top Employer Award. Prospera, which has a history that goes back 65 years, has developed into BC’s fourth largest credit union consisting of 63,000 members. Their 16 branches can be found from Vancouver to Kelowna. On hand was Abbotsford Mayor, Bruce Banman, to present Prospera CEO Bruce Howell with the award. At the event, along with Howell, were Heather Johnson, Senior Vice-President of Human Resources, and Trudi Kloepper, Senior Vice-President of Personal Financial Services. Prospera was awarded with the title because, as each of the three Prospera executives spoke, it became evident that the organization privileges the importance human resources and the effect that, when effectively provided for, translates to a great employee work environment. While Johnson was speaking, she explained that a goal of Prospera is to be a “work environment where people can’t imagine working anywhere else.” Prospera is experiencing less employee turnover, less absenteeism, and strong work relationships. Howell would later put an emphasis on the need for great employee satisfaction by stressing customers won’t receive the service they’re entitled to without a strong employee front. To make their employees happy to be a member of the Prospera team, they are offered a custom tailored benefits package. From their website, “At Prospera, we have developed one of the most competitive benefits plans in

Image:Courtesy of Vibrant Abbotsford

Mayor Bruce Banman presents an award the industry – designed to be as flexible as your changing needs. Whether you are single, have a family, or are nearing retirement, Lifestyles Benefits don’t just celebrate your unique life, they celebrate your unique lifestyle.” Included in their benefits are things like an outline of a career path within the organization, advantages in pursuing further education, loans free of interest if they’re used towards health or computer equipment. But perhaps the greatest benefit to employees is the health package which is, again, tailored to each individual employee. With the health pack-

age having the advantage of any unassigned amount of money being able to be towards having days off, retirement plans, or simply a deposit in their bank account. Kloepper attributed a strong employee-management relationship to a “bottom-up” approach. There are monthly meetings which are attended by staff, including members of executive staff, to make it visible that all upper management is open to every employee. Vibrant Abbotsford provides the Top Employer Award on an annual basis, with this year be-

ing the inaugural presentation. But their main organizational goals are in poverty reduction. They take the position of aiding residents of the city, who are in the low-income bracket, with the means of rising out of their current situations – not merely allowing them to continue living in those situations. Some of their initiatives include improving the economic base of Abbotsford, creating a sense of community for all residents, and removing certain policies that restrict opportunities. And so it was Mayor Banman who took the opportunity to

speak to what the City of Abbotsford is doing for those in poverty. He talked about the Abbotsford Social Development Advisory Committee and how that body examines methods of improvement and establishing affordable housing. Prospera being awarded the Top Employer Award is simply an example of an organization operating under the direction of employee-centric values to achieve its goals in our community.

especially the younger generation, it’s just not that important any more. Since you’re questioning your parent’s religious beliefs and asking yourself if you want to follow these traditions, a question to ask yourself is, “What turns you off of religion?” The process of posing simple questions like this one may bring up beliefs you have that will conflict with the way you have been brought up. However, notice that the conflict between your beliefs and those of your parents also reflects a conflict of values. Parents try to instill beliefs and values in a child that will help the child live a good and rewarding life. But now that you’re an adult, you’re looking at those beliefs and values and are finding that there are some you don’t need anymore. It can be upsetting to your parents when they see you giving up beliefs and values they felt were important. Out

of respect for your parents we suggest you discuss this with them. Describe to them a facet of religion that you’re having trouble understanding and then ask them to explain their reasoning behind it. You may find that their religious reasoning is similar to your own independent thinking, although they’re using religious language. Please keep in mind that religion is not the same as cultural values or family belief systems which can change a lot from one generation to the next — especially when the previous generations are from a different cultural background. Perhaps what’s bothering you isn’t actually religion at all.

The voice of reason: Philosophical advice for everyday concerns from the Student Association for Philosophical Counselling (SAPC) Dear Voice of Reason, I feel like I am going through a transition in my life. I was born in Canada and raised a Sikh. My family, for generations, has always been strong in their religious practices. As a way of maintaining connections with the homeland of my grandparents, religion is held in very high esteem in our household. But lately I have been questioning my upbringing. I used to believe every word of the Holy Book when I was younger, but now I’m not certain. I don’t know if I can bring myself to live up to the life my family has envisioned for me. I am afraid of my parents finding out because I

don’t want to disappoint them. But a religious life no longer appears to be the life for me. My faith is weakening and knowing them, this will be unacceptable. Sincerely, Concerned Writer Dear Concerned Writer, It’s the 21st century now, and many people your age are in the same predicament. While it’s true that tradition may play a significant role in ones’ family history, it’s important to be true to yourself as an individual, and make your own path. The relationship you

mentioned you have with your family sounds like it’s healthy and close, which is why you don’t want to upset them. This sensibility is a great character trait. This is a new path of self-discovery for you, and like many similar scenarios, it begins with questioning past beliefs about who you are and where you see yourself in the coming years. We at the SAPC would like to encourage you to explore your individuality but at the same time appreciate the value of religious beliefs within your family. Religion plays a significant role in a lot of peoples’ lives. But for others,

If anyone reading this would like to respond to this issue specifically or anything else please request advice from the SAPC by emailing grace@ ufvcascade.ca.


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WEDNESDAY, MARCH 7, 2012

OPINION

Newt’s robots and Super Tuesday demystified SEAN EVANS

told them that Rick Santorum is bad for America. The effective campaign will find a way to engage the general population by getting them excited about the candidate’s vision for the future. I see robocalling as an immature, last-ditch effort to win over some support. All I can say is, good luck, Gingrich.

THE CASCADE

NICK UBELS

THE CASCADE Have a hard time following conversations about the American primaries? Have no fear. Sean and Nick discuss and debate American politics for the everyman, so even your cat can follow along! Soon you, too, will be able to name-drop in drunken conversations with PoliSci students. Stay smart, stay informed. It might be States politics but it affects us Canadian kids too. Nick: Let’s talk tactics. We find ourselves entering our third month of primaries and caucuses, and four candidates are still vying for the Republican nomination. It’s obvious these men care about realizing their respective goals, but how does one continue to campaign with the same fervor, attract new supporters, and keep voters’ attention so far into what is turning into a long and ugly race for the prize? Perhaps in desperation (born of his last-place delegate count and floundering campaign donations) Newt Gingrich has employed every old trick in the book to try to get the people behind his bid for President. Aside from turning the tables on CNN moderator John King, who inquired about Gingrich’s history with his ex-wife, and promising moon bases to NASA-happy Floridians, Gingrich has recently shown that

Image: Stewart Seymour/The Cascade

there is no tactic too low and no option too remote not to be worth exploring. It’s like the man doesn’t stop to consider how these stunts might affect his campaign in the long run. However, it does make an excellent case study what sort of political tactics to avoid. Gingrich has been recently catching flack for robocalling voters with anti-Rick Santorum messages. Robocalling is telemarketing by another name; it specifically refers to the automatic playing of a pre-recorded message. It’s invasive, obnoxious, and fits surprisingly well with Gingrich’s unabashedly aggressive persona and campaign. What’s more surprising is that he’s not the only one. Rick Santorum re-

cently targeted Democrats and Independents in Michigan (an open state where members of both parties can vote) in an effort to blow open the delegate race in the state. Sean, do you think robocalling is an acceptable practice? How would you feel to receive an automated call from the office of a political candidate? Sean: Nick, there is a difference between effective and acceptable. Is robocalling acceptable? Probably. There is nothing wrong with phoning someone – if they’re annoyed, they can simply hang up. That said, I don’t see robocalling as an effective tactic. People aren’t going to be won over because an angry, biased, uberconservative robot phoned them and

Nick: That’s a helpful distinction. In terms of what is acceptable and what is not, there are many far more pressing problems in U.S. politics than robocalling. While I, too, doubt its efficacy, I worry that these kinds of tactics may dissuade more people from getting involved, even voting at all. It makes the electoral process that much less personal—and much more frustrating—for many voters. Sean: Nick, what are your thoughts on the importance of the Super Tuesday? Could you explain what Super Tuesday is, for those who may be wondering? Nick: Super Tuesday is the single day in late February or early March where the largest number of states select their delegates. This year, 10 states will be holding Republican caucuses or primaries. In a single day, 410 delegates will be awarded. That’s enough to make or break a campaign; whoever wins Super Tuesday is often considered to have the nomination pretty much sealed up. What do you think, Sean? Are

people putting too much stock in a single day? Will the injection of more delegates make the winner of the nomination any clearer? Sean: Well, traditionally, by Super Tuesday it is pretty clear who the nominee will be and usually that candidate wins all of the delegates on Super Tuesday. The day usually serves as a confirmation of the victor. Clearly, this year is different. Nick: Of course, this year all bets are off. But I wouldn’t be surprised if a predictably poor showing from Gingrich would mark the end of his bid. Sean: Exactly. There is no clear front runner, in the traditional sense. Mitt Romney is the man to beat, but he has in no way sealed up the nomination – the fight will be long and bitter. So, this year, Super Tuesday is more important than ever. It really does have the power to determine who the front runner is – and, as you noted, make or break the campaign of Newt Gingrich. More likely, however, is that the day will leave the nomination as up in the open as before. Buckle up, it’s going to be a long election year. Stay tuned next week, when Sean and Nick tackle more American politics and issues that you don’t understand! (But don’t worry – you will. And so will your cat.)

Where have all the The red wiggle wants to help you Occupiers gone? ANTHONY BIONDI THE CASCADE

I would like you to ask yourself how often you pick up a pencil and write for more than five minutes. Notes are one thing, but have you written any papers in pen? There are a select few out there of whom I am certain do this, but the vast majority, as I see it, type. The word processor has, for a long time, been a valuable ally and friend. I know I have counted on her efficient methods of scribing. How can it be possible to go back to pen and pencil, when all it takes is a few keystrokes to record your thoughts? I bring this forward for one simple reason: that beautiful red squiggly line. Everyone’s familiar with the perfect, mathematically calculated wiggly bit below our misspelled words. It greets us with not only love, but also altruism. It knows we have problems, and insists that it helps us solve them. But I ask you now, as your true friend: what is the cost to allow this red wiggle to consume our work? There is a certain fear in handwritten essays. If you spell something wrong, there is no red marking to tell you that you are, in fact, abominably wrong. (I will let you in on a secret. I can’t spell “abominably,” but my computer can. It can spell “abominably” in aces.) When I

go into tests, I sweat bullets. I worry that I will lose marks on spelling and so on. With pen in hand I am simply left guessing. In reality, most of us can’t spell worth a damn. Some of us, sure, are great spellers. We could spell all the words. We were encouraged to learn to spell in elementary school (or at least we were when I attended some decades ago). Yet, dependence on this red wobble has left us reliant. We expect computers to do the thinking now. We can’t spell because the computer spells for us. We can’t do math because the computer does that too. Hell, if we taught computers to give us helpful life advice about picking up members of the opposite sex, we would most definitely be relying on that. Once the computer begins its work, we don’t have to think nearly as hard. Sure, there are benefits. The simple fact that I can write at top speeds without stopping is the greatest one. But I fear it is the bane of my ability as well. The nagging question: is there a solution? I give an emphatic maybe. As with all solutions, there is a fair amount of work involved. As we all recall back in the old days of elementary school, we practiced our spelling and arithmetic every day. We would repeat formulas and words over and over again until we had it down pat. The answer is simple: work at it. Nothing comes easy, and

PAIGE HOBLAK CONTRIBUTOR

spelling is one of those things. It’s why dictionaries are so helpful. It’s why going and talking to the girl (or guy) on your own initiative and with your own words is important. The digital era has brought forth the mentality that it is okay to rely on our machines. There is an implication to forget that there is a whole other world out there of pencils, paper and books. Though these methods are archaic and ancient, they’re still important. As the new generation are brought up in a computerized world, the threat to spelling ability is increasing. There is no stopping a child from printing off his homework as opposed to handwriting it. And as they type it out on the computer screen, that red worm will forever be there, helping.

I feel confident that everyone knows, more or less, about the Occupy Wall Street Movement that swept through North America this fall. The movement caused much controversy in mainstream media and even in the city streets of our beloved Vancouver. The movement was generated by Adbusters, a Vancouver-based corporation and inspired by the Arab Spring revolution. News companies have provided heavy coverage of the events from the movement across North America and the rest of the world. Much of the controversy stems from police-occupier relations and questions about police crossing boundaries of authority. Over the winter, this coverage has faded with many Occupy camp closures. In spite of this, the movement has not died. It has, however, transformed itself. Encampment proved a level of success for the Occupiers, although it is obviously not sustainable. The movement has taken on a different approach to advocate the centralizing “We are the 99 per cent” message. It has been the driving force behind activities such as Occupy homes, movie theatres, and some workplaces.

Occupy Vancouver in particular lacked the focus that New York’s Zuccotti Park and London’s St.Paul’s Cathedral Occupiers displayed. Despite the recent closure of London’s Occupy encampment, protesters say they are just beginning. The legality of these encampment closures is currently being debated. No details have been specified as to what is next for the protesters. Many blogs and websites have been created for protesters and those in favour of related change. Some sites have been used for public discussion, while others are intended to address the present situation and the next steps being contemplated. (If you are interested in the movement and want to find out more about upcoming events try these websites: http://occupylsx.org/ and http://occupywallst.org/.) The conversation has started, and I agree with the London protesters when they say this is only the beginning. Attention has been drawn to the issues surrounding the 99 per cent of the world’s population, and this is definitely a good step in the right direction. With that said, it is simply not enough. I am not entirely sure what the Occupiers have up their sleeves next, but what I do know is that a ripple in an ocean can only carry for so long; drastic action must be taken in order for real change to exist.


www.ufvcascade.ca

WEDNESDAY, MARCH 7, 2012

9

OPINION

BCTF: our bulldog friend that doesn’t back down SASHA MOEDT THE CASCADE The BC Teacher’s Federation (BCTF) has proven to be one tough bunch in the face of negative media spins and government legislation. This past Monday, in a protest to the draconian Bill 22 being passed by the BC government, BC teachers are striking: fully walking off the job. The BCTF president Susan Lambert described the bill as a “a destructive act of legislative vandalism that will violate collective bargaining rights for teachers and have a profoundly negative impact on learning conditions for students” in her strike announcement. It’s just another dishonest attempt from the Liberals to push aside the issues being brought forth by teachers. Classroom conditions, funding, support for special needs children, low salary: the teachers brought these issues to the table. Meanwhile, the government came with nothing. Negotiations went nowhere not because the BCTF’s obstinacy – they have been willing to negotiate in the past. In the 1990s, teachers gave up a salary increase for eight years in

exchange for the right to determine class size and composition in the contract, according to Burnaby Now. Currently, the Liberals are taking that right away. Now we have Bill 22 establishing some of these proposals for reducing teachers’ rights in law. Bill 22 will effectively take away a teacher’s right to determine class composition and size. The teacher would have no say in how many children with special needs will be integrated in their class. George Abbott, Education Minister, stated in The Vancouver Sun that this will prevent discrimination. He’s completely missing the point. The BCTF wants the cap set at three special needs students without extra support in a classroom, not because they are discriminating against that fourth child who wants to be in that class, but because the classroom teacher will not be able to fully support that fourth child. He/she will be included and left with needs unattended because the teacher cannot attend to all of the class’s needs. Bill 22 also takes away rights to determine class size. It does offer compensation or extra prep time for teachers who are recognized as

teaching overloaded classrooms, but even if a teacher is getting paid more and even if they have more out-ofclass time to prepare, they will be unable to fully help a class of over 30 students. Someone will be overlooked. The bill ensures there will be no professional autonomy: students learn what the government dictates, not what the teachers think is appropriate or what students need. There is no more protection from unfair hiring or firing practices. It also legislates the “cooling off period,” which effectively forces teachers back to work. Once the negotiations start again, the teacher’s bargaining power will be limited and narrowed. To put it bluntly, Bill 22 is garbage: complete bullshit. The BC government is pushing to legislate, rather than negotiate. These negotiations consist of the BCTF bringing forth issues and are met with proposals for huge strips in the contract. When the BCTF does not agree, the government paints them as greedy, selfish and stubborn. Damn right they’re stubborn – but for the right reasons. “The BCTF has a proud history of

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Lambert said. That’s exactly what it comes down to: respect of professionals. Teachers have five, six, seven years of university education. They are thoroughly trained. But the government is looking to control how they teach, who they teach, what they teach – as if the government knows better than these professionals. It’s absurd. The government is messing around with the wrong crowd: don’t cut back on the future generation’s minds. It’s extremely short-sighted. “There is a breathtaking arrogance to this government’s announcements,” Lambert said. I like her style: why should the government speak down to the teachers, and their “essential service?” Thank God we have a union like this backing up the well-being of the education system. When Bill 22 comes, I hope our powerhouse of a union stands up to this bullying, intimidating government. I hope they keep butting heads hard with the government, even though the media’s twisted portrayal of what the BCTF is fighting for is completely screwed up. Let’s figure these things out with a backbone and support the teachers.

Hamas risks Damascus base, supports Syria LEANNA PANKRATZ

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standing up to bullies.” Susan Lambert explained. We’ve got people complaining that BCTF thinks that it is above other union’s, that they should step back and wait with the other unions waiting for the government to fulfill their needs. I think the government will only give you more than they want to give you when you take steps like the BCTF. When you’re aggressive, you get what you want. Unions like CUPE are pushovers compared to BCTF. The BC government can afford to give their MLAs a 29 per cent salary increase, but essentially cut back on funding to schools by just leaving it – the funding will then not match inflation. The Liberals have the money to fund what they want. BCTF is one of the strongest unions in the province. They’re our bulldog friend that doesn’t back down. The Liberals would love to break them and gain control of the education system. “The Bill that was tabled on the legislature on Tuesday was such a sign of appalling disrespect for the profession of teaching in this province, for the students of this province, and for public education in BC,”

Hamas (meaning “enthusiasm”) is the Palestinian Sunni Islamic political party that governs the Gaza Strip. According to The New York Times this week, Hamas Prime Minister Ismail Haniyeh told Islamic worshipers at the al-Azhar Mosque in Cairo, “I salute the Syrian people who strive toward freedom, democracy and reform.” In short, praising the revolutions of the Arab Spring, and “salut[ing] the great sacrifices of the Syrian people,” Haniyeh made public his sympathetic and supportive views towards the Syrian rebels looking to overthrow their leader Bashar al-Assad—a longtime supporter of Hamas—to the cries of “Syria, Syria!” from the adoring public, according to The New York Times. The uprising in Syria was led by Sunni Islamic people, making Hamas’ support of the opposition logical, since the Assad regime is a decidedly dedicated ally of Iran’s Shiite theocracy. Palestinian analysts feel that Haniyeh’s public outcry of Syrian support is pure evidence to his prediction of the outcome in Syria. “Hamas knows that Assad has lost the battle already,” said Dr. Samir Awwad, a Palestinian expert, to The Telegraph. In making his Cairo announcement, Haniyeh has chosen to sever past alliances, endanger its Damascus base, and suffer inevitable financial backlash from a displeased Tehran. Instead, Haniyeh is tying Hamas to the Muslim Brotherhood of Egypt and the rising, increasingly

united power of the Middle East. I feel that, with this, Hamas has most likely incited and encouraged anti-regime philosophies among current and future Syrian rebels; the political firestorm that is the Middle East has now officially taken hold in Syria. Although furious, the Syrian Baath Party will most likely stop short of expelling Hamas, as one can tell that the presence of a political power will prove to be of some help in the upcoming, inevitable political turmoil. Such a decision has turned the Middle East on its head. Hamas, considered since 1993 as a terrorist regime by the United States and members of the European Union (buffered by Haniyeh’s references to Osama bin Laden as a “holy martyr,” quoted by CNN.), has shifted their support to a new focus – Syria. What this implicates is a power shift, and a turning of the axis that is the Middle East. Damascus is stripped of its already reduced political credibility, and we now see additional power and governmental backing given to forces that have been consistently defiant towards Israel. I feel that Hamas’ actions have gone to further escalate tensions between the Assad regime and the Syrian population. New support from Hamas may inspire rebels to take further action, and we may be seeing another drawn-out revolution, much like the overthrowing of Gadhafi in Lybia through a similar, political uprising. With the actions of Hamas, we are now looking at a new era and a shift in powers throughout the Middle East.


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WEDNESDAY, MARCH 7, 2012

OPINION

The Tim’s curse: haunted by seventeen double-doubles past DESSA BAYROCK THE CASCADE “Oh no!” my empty doubledouble tells me, “You didn’t seem to quite manage to win this time! You know what? Play again. Please. I promise next time will work out for you.” It’s that time of year again. The scarlet Tim Horton’s cups are everywhere. This is doubly true on campus, as it nears that time of year students start to consider caffeine a food group in and of itself. All in all, it seems like a simple enough promotion – buy a hot beverage and have a chance to win the next one. Chances of winning, theoretically, are one in six. Well, Tim Horton’s, I have a beef. I’ve been rolling and rolling and rolling, and I have yet to see a message other than an entreaty to play again. It’s not that I don’t drink a lot of hot beverages – I do. Let’s be serious; it’s that time in semester where caffeine is carrying 99 per cent of the student population through final papers and cramming sessions, and I am proudly part of that 99 per cent. Coffee is the new water. My beef about this isn’t because I bought a single coffee and am upset I didn’t win the Camry. Dear reader, I am

currently at 17 losses and no wins. Not even a measly donut. I might not be a math major, but my stats don’t match the stats Tim’s says I should have. I mean, I’m not incredibly upset about this fact. It’s by happy chance that this time of semester (which requires larger amounts of caffeine than any other time of year) matches up with the Roll Up the Rim time period. This is most likely coffee I would have bought anyway. But I feel like I’m being kicked when I’m already down – not only can I not figure out this Spanish conjugation for the midterm I have in an hour, but I have to suffer through Tim’s condescending, simpering request to play again. So I give another double-double a chance and it does the exact same thing. The empty cups pile on top of each other, like in some video games where tombstones pop up to mark where you’ve been slain. The pile keeps getting higher and higher. I begin to think my Tim’s cups are talking behind my back. I can’t even work in the same room. I compulsively take out the trash. Still, the tiny cardboard corpses of my past coffees haunt me. I can hear them whisper at me even through the plastic triangle walls of UFV’s new recycling recep-

tacles. Please play again! Please play again! Please play again! I feel like there’s a line of ghostly, empty Timmy’s cups following me everywhere I go, as though I am a mother duck and these are my demented ducklings. Enough! Please play again? Since when is caffeine a game? I take my hot beverage seriously, and I’m tired of being tormented this way. Why am I braving this ferocious line in G building when I could have had cafeteria-brew beverage 20 minutes ago? Maybe I’ll go to Sodexo for my morning beverage tomorrow, huh? That would show you! But I know that I won’t. Tomorrow morning, I’ll be in line with 20 or 30 other exhausted, tormented coffee-drinkers. Why? I don’t know. I’m torn, I really am. On one hand, I just want things to go back to the way they were: before rolling, before winning, when the only chance you had when buying a coffee was the chance to wake up and maybe pass your Spanish midterm. On the other hand, I really want to win the car. Or even just a coffee. Tim, I just want to feel like a winner for a half-hour or so after successfully rolling up the rim, because God knows I’m still at a loss with this Spanish conjugation.

Arcade is dead. Long live arcade. ANTHONY BIONDI

THE CASCADE

Alien Vs. Predator. That’s all I have to say. One of the greatest games I ever sank my coins into. I spent the greater part of my childhood standing in front of a massive box inset with a television and joysticks. There were hours of shooting dinosaurs and flying fighting jets. On top of this I managed my coins enough to earn tickets for the prize table at the end of the day. Imagine the excitement when I purchased my first console and could have this same experience at home. But maybe something special was lost in the change from arcade to SNES. Consoles have been around for ages. The golden age of arcade gaming was in the ‘80s and ‘90s, and although arcades were still popular, gamers were already well-acquainted with the Atari and NES. These systems quickly evolved into SuperNES and Sega Genesis. But during this time the arcade lived on. How is it that the arcade could live side-byside with the console and survive up until now? The charm of the arcade is in supplying the player with cutting-edge entertainment in formats the console could not provide. It could come in the form of a customized gun controller, a taller screen for overhead scrolling, a motorbike seat, or even the entire cockpit of a space ship complete with lights and movement. This level of immersion and interactivity was profound and exciting. It took us from our daily lives and

placed us completely into another world. The old, at-home consoles could not provide this kind of immersion. They were limited by the size of the screen, the limitations of basic hardware, and the handheld controller. Since the arcade could break this boundary it remained as an exciting social experience, the likes of which could not be done from home. Arcades still have this variety, but home consoles have become competitors. Motion games and interactive tools (as well as the expansion of TV capabilities and the realism displayed in recent consoles) now allows us to experience this level of immersion from our couches at home. No longer do we need to go to a dedicated facility to find ourselves lost in another world. High definition graphics and dynamic storytelling coupled with longer and more intensive experiences opened the gaming world up to a whole new style of play. The arcade may have allowed us briefly into this world, but now our consoles not only take us there, but keep us there longer. The second blow comes from the social aspect of gaming. It’s all about the community and always has been. Before the creation of the Internet and online games, gamers competed against each other in person in front of a united screen. Scoreboards would tell us that our friend was 50 points above us, and we had to play again to beat him. The arcade was a place to go to compete for dominance. It was a contest of perfection and highest scores. It was all about the multiplayer gaming. This was

the arcade’s strongest trait, and one that not even the inclusion of four controllers on the N64 could beat. Nowadays, though, we can experience live multiplayer gaming from home, and on a grander scale than awkward split-screen. Online consoles have solidified themselves in the recent generation, expanding into a full-blown phenomenon. Things like Xbox live and the PlayStation Network allow us to instantaneously interact with not only our friends, but people from around the world as well. Not only has the console stolen the core experience from the arcade, it has improved it. The online gaming community has not only wounded the arcade establishment; it has poured salt over every cut. The release of the online arcade and online shops selling classic games has taken part of the nostalgia away. Even some arcade classics find their way into the vast troves of gaming gems. Because of this, the fate of the arcade has been sealed in digital dollars and a worldwide community. Its strongest traits stolen, the arcade is left a washed out novelty. It is now a place to go to reminisce. Sure, pinball and DDR had their moments, but they cannot keep the sinking ship of arcade gaming from going bottom up. With the lack of frequent customers, arcades have had to resort to other games such as mini-golf, go-carts, and the like to keep customers coming. However fun these items may be, they will never be the same as the good old days of true arcading. Arcade is dead. Long live arcade.

Image: Stewart Seymour

Toilet Seat vs. Relationship ALI SIEMENS THE CASCADE Recently two male friends and I had a conversation about bathroom etiquette. They asked me why females always make a big deal about men leaving the seat up, and I tried to give them my most honest and fair answer. It seems as though men are often bullied about leaving the toilet seat up. It isn’t surprising that they often retort with, “Well, why don’t you lift the seat up after you use it?” For starters, men, the toilet seat is fashioned to be left against the bowl it is connected to, so that is the simple answer for that. But before you think I am going to side with the ladies, hear me out. The bathroom is often stereotyped as the dirty room in a house, perhaps because we all know what goes on in there when no one is around. That being said, who doesn’t like having an intimate experience in their bathroom? It’s always nice to be seated next to the two-ply-kittensoft toilet paper, and you generally always feel better after exiting the bathroom. Is that too much information or truth? You decide. The social issues surrounding the bathroom are the real issues. Perhaps why men and women fight over the seat issue is because everyone wants to have a pleasant bathroom experience. Upon further discussion with these two male friends, I explained that the issue really doesn’t have anything to do with the process of

lifting the seat or putting it down – it is the condition of the seat itself. If we think about this on the basis of female and male genitalia, women sit and are therefore closer to the water, not resulting in any urine splashing onto the seat. However, for men, there is a further distance from the urine stream to toilet water, often resulting in pee-dribbles splashing on the underside of the toilet seat. This is the issue. The pee dribbles. Not to mention the other bodily fluids and hairs that then stick to the pee dribbles. I’m not trying to nag or act like anyone’s mother, but I feel like the seat battle would be nonexistent if we all just took a minute to think about it. If the seat is clean, I have no issue moving it from the up position to the down position. I mean, I believe in a fair division of labor, and if I have to do my part, I am willing. Luckily, in the public sphere, men and women do not generally share bathrooms. We have been provided with separate entrances to separate locations so we don’t have to deal with our co-workers pee-related issues. Unfortunately, men and women share bathrooms in other circumstances, and I feel like it’s time to narrow down the issue and address it. I hope we can all work together in the future. For those moments you forget to put the seat down, I hope you remember to clean up the pee. If you do, I will put the seat down with a smile on my face. Problem solved.


WEDNESDAY, MARCH 7, 2012

www.ufvcascade.ca

11

ARTS & LIFE

CROSSWORD 1

Wild about Wilder

GRACE ROMUND & NICK UBELS THE CASCADE

ACROSS

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1. Wilder’s 1953 World War II prisoner of war film. (6 , 2 letters) 5. Wilder reportedly worked as one of these in Berlin before making it as a writer. (4 , 6 letters) 6. In Some Like It Hot, Tony Curtis’ character hides from the mob by joining an all-female touring band under this assumed name. (9 letters) 9. Wilder co-wrote and directed this classic noir about insurance fraud with Raymond Chandler. (6 , 9 letters) 10. Michel Hazanavicius thanked Wilder three times in his Best Picture acceptance speech for this film at the 2012 Oscars. (3 , 6 letters) 11. “______ is never perfect. It always comes apart sooner or later.” - Baton Keyes in Double Indemnity. (6 letters) 12. Won his first Oscar for this 1945 film about alcoholism. (3 , 4 , 7 letters)

DOWN

1. C.C. Baxter’s boss in The Apartment [1960]. (9 letters) 2. Stars opposite Jack Lemmon as melancholic elevator operator Fran Kubelik in The Apartment. (7 , 8 letters) 3. Summer temptation plagues lonely husband Richard Sherman in this 1955 film which featured Saul Bass’ only opening sequence created for Wilder. (3, 5, 4, 4 letters) 4. 1950 noir about an out-of-work writer, an aging silent film star, and a crime of passion. (6, 9 letters) 7. In 2000, the American Film Institute listed this 1959 movie set in the Great Depression as the greatest American comedy of the 20th century. 8. The Seven Year Itch produced an iconic image of this actress standing over a subway grate, her white dress billowing around her. (7 , 6 letters) 9. “All right, Mr. _____, I’m ready for my close-up.” (7 letters)

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LAST WEEK’S Answer Key Across 1. Scotland 4. Pirates 6. Greece 8. Ireland 11. Oswald 13. Sweet sixteen 14. Gone With the Wind Down 2. Leaping 3. Howe 5. February 7. Hebrew 9. Disease 10. Yellow 12. Desmond

Star Signs from the Sumas Sibyl Libra: Sept 23 - Oct 22 “Don’t follow your heart,” says Toucan Sam. “Follow your nose!”

Pisces: Feb 19 - March 20

Cancer: June 22 - July 22

Scorpio: Oct 23 - Nov 21

You have a 1/6 chance of winning roll-up-the-rim this week. You also have a 1/6 chance of suffering a heart attack after drinking six consecutive cups of coffee.

Flying will go well for you this week. You are a leaf on the wind!

Keep trying to ruin Capricorn’s life. S/he has it coming!

Leo: July 23 - Aug 22

Sagittarius: Nov 22 - Dec 21

Have sex. All the other kids are doing it!

It’s peanut butter-jelly time.

Aries: March 21 - April 19 Beware of bunnies. They have it out for you.

Taurus: April 20 - May 20

Virgo: Aug 23 - Sept 22

It is not unpossible that you will fail English.

God does have the whole world in his hands. Better watch out, He’s about to sneeze.

Capricorn: Dec 22 - Jan 19 There is a Scorpio in your life causing dire trouble. You don’t deserve this!

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www.ufvcascade.ca

WEDNESDAY, MARCH 7, 2012

FEATURE

Ecological Eating

part two: from happy cows to bird-repellant soaked Grapples KAREN ANEY THE CASCADE

Eating Locally

Another recent nutritional trend is “localvorism,” also known as locavorism. This refers to a diet comprised exclusively of locally grown and produced foods. Predominately, this is meant to reduce the carbon footprint your food has. However, it also serves to boost the economy in your area, and has positive effects on flavour and reduced instances of pesticides and other chemical agents. Eating locally fits hand-inhand with a trend referred to as “know your farmer, know your food.” This is a phrase that has been thrown around in conjunction with health eating for

decades, but it also serves as the slogan for a recent USDA initiative to increase local industry and decrease transportation costs in the USA. The philosophy behind the phrase is that if you know where your food comes from, you know how it’s produced – in theory, you know what’s in it. A huge advantage of local eating is the reduced use of fuel. According to Omnivores Dilemma, by Michael Pollan, the food industry in the USA is responsible for approximately one-fifth of the total petroleum consumption in the country. This number is nearly as high as that of personal automobiles.

Of that total, less than a quarter is used on the farm – the majority is spent in transporting the food. If you’d like to try to eat locally, make sure that the food is not only produced locally but also processed locally. Sometimes, often with grains and dairy, the goods can be produced on a farm, shipped to be processed at the other end of the country, then shipped back for “local” consumption. This not only defeats the environmental purpose of local eating, but also negates some of the economic impacts in your community.

One source is just five minutes away from the Abbotsford campus. The Bakerview Ecodairy sits at 1356 Sumas Way, just across from the Starbucks. This is a family-run dairy farm that exclusively produces Vitala milk. The farm itself is open to the public. Guests can tour the facilities, see the collection of animals and find out how the cows live. Their manager of guest services, Ingrid Epp, states that they call their cows the “princesses,” because essentially they spend the entire day doing whatever they like. They have stalls that are built on mattresses made from recycled car tires. They have an automatic cleaner—the “spa,” Epp says—that cleans them down whenever they wish to use it. They have a completely automated milker that provides them with a treat while they’re relieved of their burden. What’s more, there are large industrial fans that come on when the barn hits 21 degrees, and misters that come on if the barn hits 25 degrees.

Essentially, they have better accommodations than most of us students do. Translation? These are some seriously happy cows. Their diet is specially formulated by Vitala CEO, Bill Vanderkooi. He has a Master of Science in animal science from the University of Michigan and utilized his education to create the diet the cows feed on. Through the special components in the feed, the cows produce milk that is naturally enriched with DHA Omega-3 and CLA. These have a long list of dietary benefits: DHA Omega-3 is an anti-carcinogen, fights symptoms of depression and more. Further, Omega-3 is generally found only in oils – mostly fish oils. Fish oil or a tall glass of milk? Seems like a pretty clear choice. CLA, while it is an anti-carcinogen, has also been hailed as a great tool in both achieving and maintaining weight loss. The farm is open for touring every day except Sunday. There’s also an on-site shop that, as of February 29, is being

Where can I go for Lower Mainland produce?

PHOTOS COURTESY OF ECODAIRY

renovated into a second location of Nature’s Pickins. Currently, and after renovations, it will sell the milk and yogurt produced by the Bakerview cows, which is also processed locally. When the newly-renovated shop opens, they will also be selling Bakerview cheese. Long story short, it’s five minutes from school, it’s local, and they have cows, goats, miniature horses and turkeys. It’s a great place to go between classes, especially if you’re trying to eat local. Goat’s Pride Dairy is another option. Located on Olund Road, about a 15 minute drive from campus, this farm is located on the Circle Farm Tour. This tour is a great source for information and locations of farms in our area to visit if you’re looking to eat local and organic. Goat’s Pride Dairy is a family-run farm owned by Peter and Jo-Ann Dykstra. Their son, Jason Dykstra, is the farm’s cheesemaker, and recently won two third-place ribbons at

the American Cheese Society Cheese competition. Taking third place out of 1600 entries speaks to the quality of the cheeses produced at this local farm. The family-run operation also sells pork. While it isn’t certified as organic, it is locally raised and butchered. The farm will also soon offer certified organic, locally-produced eggs. All the animals at the farm are given free range to roam in good weather, and have ample shelter when it’s raining and bleak. Again, these are some seriously happy animals. Aside from the cheese, one highlight of this local farm is their goat’s milk. While it’s possible to find goat’s milk at most grocery stores today, this farm is the only one owner Peter Dykstra knows of that produces the milk in a four-litre jug. Priced at $14.50, it’s an economical way to eat local and healthy.


WEDNESDAY, MARCH 7, 2012

www.ufvcascade.ca

13

FEATURE

Grapples While the produce section of your local grocery store provides many organic, local and otherwise healthy options, they’re also increasingly providing items like these. Grapples (pronounced “grayples”) are an apple that tastes like a grape, and a wonderful example of why you should always read the labels. Fruits have been successfully genetically crossed in the past. An example of this is a tangelo; a cross between a grapefruit and a tangerine that was actually invented in 1911. Fruits like these are created at the genetic level: two specific strains of citrus trees are combined to produce one new tree that naturally produces one new fruit. However, Grapples are not an example of this natural

process. Instead, they are apples that are soaked in grape flavour. As explained on a 2007 episode of the Food Network’s Unwrapped, Grapples are made using mostly Fuji apples. This type of apple is used because it is highly porous: as such, it takes on flavour quite well. Before the future Grapples are chosen, they are individually checked for density using an infrared camera. As the show states, this is “to measure the sweetness, or brix.” In an interview with Marvin Record, a Grapple employee, he states that this is to ensure that “only the sweetest apples” are used. However, brix is a unit of measurement that denotes the mass of sucrose within a given item (it is also applied to wines

and honeys). Thus, measuring the brix of an apple serves to demonstrate how dense an apple is – logically, it serves to demonstrate how much room there is left for Grapple flavour. What does this mean for the consumer? That the less sweet the apple, the more grape taste can be infused. Unfortunately, that grape flavour isn’t a natural one. The grape taste in Grapples comes from methyl anthrinilate, which is an ester of anthranilic acid. For those of us that aren’t chemistry majors, it’s a chemical that is actually naturally occurring in not only grapes but oranges, strawberries, even flowers such as gardenia and jasmine. However, the levels with which it occurs in these

items is substantially lower than its artificial applications. It is used to flavour grape gum and soda. It’s also used as a highly effective—and to some breeds, devastating—bird repellent. Because of this, the USDA requires Grapples be packaged as a processed food – hence the plastic container that every Grapple is purchased in. What’s the lesson here? If it’s in the produce section and it’s packaged, it’s probably soaked in bird repellent. If it isn’t soaked in bird repellent, it’s likely processed in some other way. Educate yourself, read the labels.

Image: grappefruits.com


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www.ufvcascade.ca

WEDNESDAY, MARCH 7, 2012

ARTS & LIFE

Dine & Dash: Ann Marie’s Café

33771 George Ferguson Way Abbotsford, BC 604.852.2610 www.annmariescafe.ca

Hours: Monday to Friday 6:30 a.m. to 5 p.m.; Saturday 7 a.m. to 5 p.m.; Sunday 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. Prices: up to $11.99

AMY VAN VEEN THE CASCADE

There’s a certain level of comfort that goes along with nostalgic, themed diners. Something about sitting in red leather booths, with your feet sitting pleasantly on the black and white checked floor that makes you want to put on a poodle skirt and flirt with Danny Zuko. These kinds of diners are a little less plentiful than they were back then. The diner of the ‘50s is the coffee shop of today, which is why it’s that much more fun to step back in time and enjoy a burger and shake. There seems to be at least one

Image: Amy Van Veen/ The Cascade

diner in every town, and Abbotsford’s is centrally located on George Ferguson Way between Montrose and W Railway Street, just a stone’s throw from Champion Jack’s Emporium. Open more for the breakfast and lunch crowd, Ann Marie’s Café offers patrons a taste of nostalgia along with their menu selection. Though most of

the breakfasts are only served until 11:30 a.m., some—like eggs benny and the classic—are served all day. Otherwise, there’s a fairly basic selection of soups, salads, burgers, sandwiches and some favourites such as fish and chips, chicken strips, hot dogs and a meatloaf sandwich. Since the idea of meatloaf leaves

The Cascade Cookbook Junelle Mah’s Hellman’s Chocolate Mayonnaise Cake

me both baffled and uncertain, I opted for a more friendly BLTC (bacon, lettuce, tomato and cheddar). The sandwich, unfortunately, left me wanting more. It wasn’t the ingredients—since a BLT is fairly sparse for ingredients anywhere— but rather the presentation of them all. The bread was fine, the bacon was fine, the cheddar was fine, but

none of them grabbed my attention. The fries, though, saved the mediocre plate. The seasoning of pepper and lemon made these fries as memorable as the sandwich was forgettable. The service was prompt, friendly and casual, and the nostalgic theme of the restaurant itself was aptly executed. This particular diner, though, seems to be more for those who may not want anything exciting in their meal, but want something a little more unusual for their dining experience. The building is incredibly clean, welldecorated and seems to be fairly recently renovated—minus the unheated bathrooms: watch out for cold toilet seats—and if I had wanted to enjoy a milkshake with some chili cheese fries à la films depicting the glory of the ‘50s, this is the restaurant I would come to. However, if I’m looking for some unexpected plates and palate-satisfying flavours, I might struggle to satisfy those cravings with the selections offered at Anne Marie’s.

Drink o’ the Week:

Jello Shots

Junelle Mah is the Housing Assistant Residence Life for UFV Residence Services. A graduate of the University of Alberta in Human Ecology, Junelle always found that baking was a fantastic way to bring people together or relieve stress as a result of her undergraduate studies. She currently supervises a team of super-hero student staff who are always willing to be her culinary taste testers!

“As a way to get to know my team when I first arrived at Residence Services, I emailed everyone to come see me with a fun fact about themselves and I’d give them a cupcake made from this recipe… it’s amazing how well cupcake bribery works!” Ingredients: 2 cups all-purpose flour 2/3 cup unsweetened cocoa powder 1-1/4 tsp. baking soda 1/4 tsp. baking powder 3 eggs 1-2/3 cups sugar 1 tsp. vanilla extract 1 cup Hellmann’s or Best Foods Real Mayonnaise 1-1/3 cups water Instructions: Preheat oven to 350 degrees. Grease and lightly flour two 9-inch round cake pans*; set aside. In medium bowl, combine flour, cocoa, baking soda and baking powder; set aside. In large bowl, with electric mixer at high speed, beat eggs, sugar and vanilla for 3 minutes or until light and fluffy. Beat in Hellmann’s or Best Foods Image: Tree Frog Imaging Real Mayonnaise at low speed until blended. Alternately beat in flour mixture with water, beginning and ending with flour mixture. Pour into prepared pans. Bake 30 minutes or until toothpick inserted in centers comes out clean. On wire racks, cool 10 minutes; remove from pans and cool completely. Frost, if desired, or sprinkle with confectioner’s sugar. *Or, prepare cake mix as above in 13 x 9-inch baking pan and bake 40 minutes or until toothpick inserted in center comes out clean. **Make them as cupcakes to more easily share the love! Decorate with your favorite frosting, colourful candies, or even bake them with a Reese peanut butter cup or Skor bits inside! ***I originally found this recipe at www.hellmanns.us Estimated cost: About $10-$15 depending on your decorations!

Image: Patrick Haney/ flicker.com

A party classic that is guaranteed to have everyone puking rainbow by the end of the night. 1 package Jell-O 1 cup boiling water 1 cup alcohol Whisk Jell-O and boiling water together very well until sugar is dissolved. Let cool to room temperature. Add and mix in alcohol. Pour into shot glasses and put into the refrigerator. Serve when set with toothpicks (used to separate the Jell-O from the glass before shooting). *A.I.M. founder and Jell-O shot expert Katherine Palmateer’s recommended combinations: Blue raspberry Jell-O tastes best with 1/2 cup blue curaco and 1/2 cup vodka. Orange and lime Jell-O taste best with spiced rum (also good mixed with a bit of coconut rum). Raspberry tastes great with a combo of raspberry sour puss and coconut rum. Grape tastes wicked awesome with vanilla rum and coconut rum combo. **The cheapest way to do Jell-O shots is to buy a package of plastic shot glasses from the dollar store. However, if you want to get creative, you can put them in new (unused) plastic syringes; another fun method is to hollow out orange halves and put the jello in each half to set. When set, the orange half is cut in half, making the shot look like an orange slice. Ideal for: Wild parties Bad for: Easter dinner On the Cascade scale: A+


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ARTS & LIFE

ALBUM REVIEW Hey Ocean – Is CHARTS

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18

Shuffle

Tennis Young and Old Grimes Visions Topanga Oceans Real Boys Vacation (single)

B.A. Johnston Hi Dudes

Ketamines Spaced Out

Steve Gates A Bee in Her Mouth Hands & Teeth Hunting Season Isole Born from the Shadows Young Liars Homesick Future

The Black Keys El Camino Rococode Guns Sex & Glory Trust TRST Kate Bush 50 Words For Snow Leonard Cohen Old Ideas Perfume Genius Put Your Back N 2 It Deer Tick Divine Providence

Yamantaka // Sonic Titan YT//ST

19 20

Black Mountain Year Zero Kill Matilda I Want Revenge

AARON LEVY

CIVL DJ/CONTRIBUTOR

CIVL Radio Station Manager Aaron Levy dislikes the new Green Day. Below is a Shuffle of the best songs on Green Day’s second major full-length release, 1995’s double-platinum selling Insomniac on Reprise Records. “Brat” This song embodies the worst of the middle class: “Mom and Dad don’t look so hot these days / they’re getting’ over the hill / I’ll just wait for Mom and Dad to die and get my inheritance.” What is this, Green Day, Bio Dome!? Some real life depiction of Hollywood’s the Green Hornet?! “No Pride/Bab’s Uvula Who” Part of a three song suite with “86”; the heart of Insomniac. “I am just a mutt, and nowhere is my home / To hell with unity, separation will kill us all” and “I got a knack for fucking everything up,” an SNL reference, really explains what mid-’90’s adolescence is all about. “86” “What brings you around, did you lose something the last time you were here?” Rhetorical questions and backhanded compliments litter this song about breaking up and making out with the goods. “You’ll never find it now, buried deep with your identity.” Deep for a punk pop band, eh? Meow, see. “Panic Song” This song starts off with a deep, plodding, frantic yet monotonous baseline, slicing guitars underneath, tension, momentum and pressure, all building under the anticipation of something immediate, intense and important, leading into the repeated chorus of sorts: “I wanna drop out.” Don’t panic though; they didn’t. Why would you?! Exactly.

KAREN ANEY THE CASCADE

“this group of musicians use their ability to actually play their instruments” Hey Ocean! is a band from Vancouver, made up of Ashleigh Ball (vocals/flute/xylophone), Dave Vertesi (vocals/bass), and David Beckingham (vocals/guitar). You’ve probably heard of them since they’re frequently on the Peak and CBC, and were voted the best local unsigned band of 2011 in the reader’s choice competition of The Georgia Straight. If you’re not a big radio listener, you may still know them – their music has been used in a T-Booth commercial and in an episode of One Tree Hill. Just in case you haven’t heard them yet, here’s a quick rundown: this group of musicians use their ability to actually play their instruments to produce unobtrusive songs that bridge the gap between folk music, indie rock and the oft-dreaded “p” word (pop). The resulting sound is uniquely west coast: laid back enough for yoga on the beach, yet perky enough to keep you dancing in gridlock traffic. One of the perkier tracks on their latest album is aptly titled “Make A New Dance Up.” It starts with a simple drumline—not too far a departure from what any

eighth grader learned the first time sitting at a drum kit—and catchy repetitive guitar chords. When the lyrics come in, this sound retreats to a simple bass line – thus allowing Ball’s voice and the words themselves to shine. The rhythm, care of percussion and guitar, gradually builds up again until the chorus. This is a high point of the track, and includes everything from bright and sunny brass to initially incomprehensible lyrics. Yes, it’s all been done before, but if it ain’t broke, don’t fix it: the track is catchy and memorable. Though the tactics in tracks like “Make a New Dance Up” are recognizable, other parts of the album stand out as unique. One such track is “Bicycle,” and is a great example of why it’s worth it to actually buy the album. Gems like this song often get forgotten because they just don’t get as much radio play as the singles with higher promotion. The track consists of some acoustic guitar, quiet drumming, and even what sounds like casual snapping. Ball’s vocals are layered on top, and everything melds together to create a quintessential early ‘60s jazz piece. However, the lyrics outline an end-of-relationship story shocking in content yet bordering on hilarity given the style of song it’s presented in. The condensed version: girl bikes to boy’s house, boy’s things are all over the lawn, note addressed to girl says he’s “leaving this place – not by choice, it’s my fate.” The juxtaposition of song style with the content of the lyrics makes this track amusing and unforgettable, while the melodies are lovely and keep it consis-

tent with the rest of the album. A lone critique of the album is that it may be slightly over-produced for some ears. A great example of this is the first track, “If I Were a Ship.” The album version starts with an interlude of good old acoustic piano layered with some honest-to-goodness flute playing. This in itself is refreshing on an album of the genre, and demonstrates musical brevity that seems to escape many artists today. The song then launches into the gentle melody that continues throughout the track, including the line “part all these provinces” – the inclusion of which is sure to make every Canadian sick of hearing about states squeal with joy. Everything moves along nicely, and it’s a perfectly fine song. However, a quick perusal of the group’s YouTube channel, (heyocean), shows a video from “The Hallway Sessions” of Ball singing the song acoustically and unedited. The video demonstrates her natural vocal talent and ability to milk beauty out of every note and run. However, the editing process on the album seems to have cut much of this out. While it perhaps makes for a more radiofriendly sound, fans of the group may be disappointed that the group’s raw and natural talent is diminished in the editing process. There’s plenty to love about this album. The harmonies from male members Dave and David are interesting and refreshing; the songs are creatively unique yet coherent; but best of all the group is part of a movement in Vancouver of amazing musicians rising to both national and international fame.


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WEDNESDAY, MARCH 7, 2012

Mini Album Reviews

SoundBites

ARTS & LIFE

Graham Wright Shirts VS Skins

White Rabbits Milk Famous

Jordan Klassen

The Cranberries Roses

Graham Wright is the keyboardist for Tokyo Police Club, but this first fulllength album (following several EPs) clearly marks out his territory as a solo artist. Wright largely steps away from the more morose tone of The Lakes of Alberta and into the more energetic ground of Tokyo Police Club. As always, Wright has an excellent sense of both rhythm and story – although the lyrics don’t always rhyme, the narrative of what he’s singing and how well the words fit together serve to carry the listener through without a second thought. All in all, the album spoke to me – especially as a fellow Canadian. From describing hometowns to greyhound busses to high school crushes, Wright perfectly captures the in-between feeling of growing up spread out across this giant land. I am currently listening to it on repeat and I don’t think I’ll stop. You should do the same. “On the highway where the cities disappear / Oh my god, she looked so beautiful / a pencil tucked behind her ear. / Oh / she looked so good, you don’t know what to do. / Oh / don’t get your hopes up / she won’t fall in love with you.”

White Rabbits is a six-piece American post-punk band with a penchant for fractured, rollicking, yet indomitably infectious song craft. Under the tutelage of producer Britt Daniels of Spoon, the band made a huge leap forward with their 2009 sophomore release, It’s Frightening, best exemplified by the stand-out single “Percussion Gun,” in which a soulfully desperate vocal and piano riff are anchored by dueling floor-toms. Instead of continuing their fruitful partnership with Daniels, who helped simultaneously blow apart and reconstruct the band’s sound, White Rabbits’ new record, Milk Famous, employs the talents of Spoon producer Mike McCarthy behind the mixing board. The result is a warm, well-rounded, yet less immediate and arresting album. Without such a strong opening track to set a destabilizing tone for the songs to follow, the album fails to surprise in the same way the band’s previous record still manages to do. But perhaps this is more the result of having to follow up such a uniquely compelling work. While I’m hesitant to say the band has plateaued, the progress from It’s Frightening to Milk Famous is much less noticeable; the improvements come in increments, more the result of increased attention to detail and studio experience than any tremendous creative breakthrough.

Vancouver-based Jordan Klassen returns in full force with a cheerful and innocent third release, Kindness. His gentle falsetto voice and baroque instrumentation have become a trademark sound for the songwriter. Although Klassen fails to explore new musical and thematic territory on Kindness, he has managed to produce a set of familiar and deeply soothing songs, and Klassen seems poised to make a big splash in the local independent music scene. His often-personal lyrics and earnest words permeate through every note, no matter where they roam, elevating him above your run-of-the-mill coffee house singer/ songwriter. The highlight of the album is its opening track “Go To Me,” which builds off of bursting instrumentation and evokes a Shins-inspired melody throughout. It’s not a record that’s going to hit you over the head, not surprising considering its modest neofolk vibe, but Kindness meekly invites the listener for more plays. It is available for purchase on Jordan Klassen’s bandcamp, and is the precursor to an upcoming full-length record to be released later this year.

After nearly a decade spent off the charts, The Cranberries reunite with their newest album Roses. I often wondered where they had gone and when they would be coming back after I had fallen in love with their infamous “Zombie.” The group’s Irish roots are still prevalent in their new album and their style is still truly unique to the music scene. With this being said, I wasn’t entirely impressed with the new album. “Show Me the Way” stood out as the only song I wanted to listen to loudly and on repeat. I feel that the album is lacking some of the swagger they once had. The songs from Roses lack a confidence that The Cranberries once carried so well. They feel more like elevator or background music than the front running, life-inspiring sort. I feel disappointed that I cannot boast about Roses as I feel a rave review would be dishonest. However, I am very happy to see the band reunite; for better or worse.

DESSA BAYROCK

NICK UBELS

CASCADE ARCADE JOEL SMART

Image: whatnomints.com

their safe house operational, or to trade with other characters in the game. The game is completely audio-based during the running portions, with scripted broadcasts and

TIM UBELS

PAIGE HOBLAK

Getting fit during a zombie apocalypse

THE CASCADE Not much gets the adrenaline running like the hungry growls of the looming undead. It’s what makes The Walking Dead such an exciting show, and Left 4 Dead such a compelling video game series. Now you can finally turn that energy boost into a performanceenhancing workout inspiration, with the recently released Zombies, Run! – an immersive story-driven iPhone and iPod Touch app (coming to Android devices this spring) available for $7.99. Couch potatoes have long been looking for a fun way to become active, and a thrilling zombie adventure might be just the answer they’ve been looking for. Just put in those headphones and see if you can escape the ruthless zombie hordes. In the game, players will assume the role of the silent protagonist “Runner 5” as they seek to complete all 30 short missions in the game’s first “season.” During a mission, players attempt to collect specific packages or items, such as medicine or batteries used to keep

Kindness

horrifying zombie-chases bookending your own music playlists. Once you finish your run, you get to allocate the items you found. “When you get back home, who

needs [the supplies] more: the soldiers or the doctors? Which buildings need extra defences? It’s up to you – and the bigger your base, the more missions you can play,” reads the game’s website www. zombiesrungame.com. Six to Start, the company responsible for the game, found funding for the game using KickStarter, a site that asks the public to donate to projects they’d like to see completed. They asked for $12,500, but nearly 3500 people loved the idea and the project took just six days to fund – with a total financial backing of $72,627. Its simple premise: run at your own pace, along your own preferred routes, and improve your stamina and fitness level at the same time you’re saving hundreds of lives in the fictional Abel Township. Games have the power to energize you, to involve you, to motivate you. If fingers could get buff, you can trust that most gamers would be showing off their glistening finger muscles to all the babes. So, it made sense to me when our resident fitness guru Ken Muir

wrote about a social network site called Fitocracy in last week’s issue of The Cascade. On this site, gamers could track their workouts, and win “achievement badges” among other things for completing specific exercise quests and accomplishing their fitness goals. By applying game mechanics to the often dreaded activity of getting in shape, Fitocracy has managed to merge the specific qualities of gaming that are so often missing from a workout. Yet, despite rewarding players after-the-fact for their hard work, the site fails to really immerse players in the heat of the action – the moment when extra motivation would be the most useful. Zombies, Run! aims to remedy just that issue. The only immediate negative of the game is trying to get out of bed the morning after the “let’s see what happens next” phenomenon hits and you accidently run a 10k marathon on your first night of exercise in four years. Undead might seem like an improvement.


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ARTS & LIFE

Haute Stuff LEANNA PANKRATZ THE CASCADE

It all started with a few Vincent Gallo-shot Calvin Klein ads in the ‘90s featuring then upstart young model Kate Moss. For a fashion world accustomed to the 1980s supermodel era featuring voluptuous, vibrant specimens like Cindy Crawford and Linda Evangelista, these ads were a step in a new direction. Stripping the model and the clothes completely of any implied glamour, heroin chic was characterized by a messy, ginsoaked, slightly scruffy presentation. The look suggested an element of self-destruction – a pale, bone-jutting, sunken eye kind of glamour that implicated a certain world-weariness. It was a kind of sad, smoke-blowing, unexpected beauty. Cited by the Los Angeles Times as a “nihilistic vision of beauty,” heroin-chic was arguably a launching pad for the fashion world’s leap into more experimental territory – the desire for something innovate, something interesting, rather than traditionally beautiful. The concept of something as serious as drug use being glamourized in fashion is what has drawn many an evil eye again this

Heroin chic as a fashion philosophy

trend. “I’m certain there’s very few people who admire the heroin-chic look that actually want to do heroin, explained Natalia Giacchi, a Vancouver fashion intern and merchandising graduate. “It’s more of a revolt against traditional standards of beauty, or the suggestion that all beautiful women must be a C-cup. Kate Moss had hipbones, she had ribs. It was a different body type that before would have been considered waifish or boyish. It was new.” “Heroin chic began as fashion rebellion,” she continued, “it was hardcore for its time, and pretty much epitomizes the spirit of grungy, wasted techno parties.” Fashion rebellion is a good way to put it. Photographer Davide Sorrenti utilized the heroin-chic ideal during the ‘90s in his photographs that featured run-down environments and strung out, glassy-eyed models. It was a glorification of all things dilapidated and decayed, it was something new, and the fashion world completely lapped it up. Heroin chic has seen a bit of resurgence nowadays, but it is still a far cry from the authentic revolution that it was in the early to mid ‘90s. We’ve seen it in the merging of the unexpected this last season,

in the minimalist, stripped-down visions from designers who’ve previously only shot in colour. The waifish, far-eyed look has come back a bit in fashion photography, as has the importance placed on being different or groundbreaking as opposed to being cookie-cutter gorgeous. Kate Moss herself has made somewhat of a return to the catwalk, most notably strutting in Louis Vuitton’s fall collection donning black leather and puffing irreverently on a cigarette, not a wink or smile in sight. That image of boldness, or fashion impertinence, is the spirit that pervaded heroin chic upon its conception, and has continued to shock, infuriate, and inspire. More a commentary on the current world and rampant disillusionment, heroin-chic has lived up to its name as fashion nihilism – suggesting a space where the only thing to do sometimes is dance away in a run-down nightclub, purposely disheveled hair and smudgy eyeliner intentionally mussed. In a world rife with tribulations, sometimes all we can do is put our game face on and make something beautiful out of the grime. Image: starsmoke.com

Silent Bonds

Part three: suffering the starvation of sexual anorexia VIOLET HART

THE CASCADE The sexual anorexic is a secret sufferer. While they may appear normal on the outside, on the inside they are starving themselves of sexual pleasure. Yet nobody knows. They suffer alone. Tragically, sexual anorexia largely goes unrecognized. If people don’t like to talk about having sex, they like to talk even less about not having sex. It is very difficult to understand why someone would, without reason, deny themselves the joys of sexuality; as difficult, really, as understanding anorexia nervosa and why someone would deny themselves the joys of eating. It is important to note that abstinence is not the same thing as sexual anorexia; ultimately, it’s the same as the difference between fasting and anorexia nervosa. While a person may choose to abstain from sex or food for spiritual reasons, the anorexic is psychologically impelled to avoid what are, at base, natural drives and biological necessities. Avoiding sex becomes a way for the sexual anorexic to control their life. At the root of this desire is a fear of intimacy; typically, the sexual anorexic has been abused or suffered severe rejection. In order to cope with the fear that becomes associated with being intimate, the sexual anorexic avoids sex. They may have sex, but they prevent themselves from enjoying it. Nobody, after all, can force them to come to orgasm. They are still in control. While sexual anorexia is seemingly the complete opposite of sex

Image: KeiBei/ Flickr.com

addiction, the disorders actually have quite a bit in common – as much as the compulsive overeating and anorexia nervosa. The obsession is the same, but the reaction is different. While the sex addict deals with anxiety by acting out sexually, the sexual anorexic deals by acting in. Often, sex addicts are known to flip to extremes and become sexual anorexics, or vice versa. According to sex psychologist Dr. Patrick Carnes, sexual anorexia actually shares the core beliefs of sex addiction: that the anorexic is

a bad person, that nobody would love them as they are, that their needs will never be met by depending on others and that sex is their most terrifying need (as sex is the sex addict’s most important need). And, like sex addiction, their recovery can only begin once they admit their powerlessness over their problem and seek help. In his book Sexual Anorexia: Overcoming Sexual Self-Hatred, Dr. Carnes offers an impressive 12step recovery program for sexual anorexic, beginning with learning to accept nurturing and sensuality.

I asked a fellow UFV student, who requested to remain anonymous, about her self-confessed struggle with sexual anorexia. “It’s hard to explain,” she said. “It’s not that I don’t want sex, because on a certain level I do. I’m not asexual. But I’m afraid to have sex. When my partner touches me, I feel seized up and tense inside. I just want it to be over. I love my partner and want to make him happy, and so I’ll have sex with him… I feel guilty, ashamed, if I try and enjoy sex though… I go out of my way to avoid it because it’s so stressful

for me, but then I feel guilty about [my partner]. It sucks, because I feel guilty and stressed if I have sex and feel guilty and stressed if I don’t. It’s really not fair… I know I’m missing out on a lot. We’re working on it though. Love goes a long way.” Trying to recover from sexual anorexia can be as difficult as sex addiction. Both require a complete re-wiring of how the sufferer views the world. Often, the sexual anorexic comes from a rigid, sexnegative home, and just learning to view sex as healthy and positive can be a challenge. Yet refusing intimacy can destroy their world— not only is their own sexual health and enjoyment at stake, but that of their partner as well—while the sexual anorexic’s obsessive control and perfectionism can rob all joy from their life. Both the sex addict and the sexual anorexic have to struggle to reclaim their sexuality. That we have created such sufferers is no surprise though, because in our sex-negative society we have utterly lost any sense of “healthy” sex. Our conceptions of sex are so often at extremes. Yet sex doesn’t have to be dirty and taboo, nor does it have to be objectifying and raging out of control. Sex can be many amazing things: playful, pleasurable, intimate, bonding, loving and procreative. Sometimes, we get so caught up in the politics and abuses of sex that we forget what sex truly is: one of the greatest joys of being human.


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ARTS & LIFE

FilmReview The Lorax and The Secret World of Arrietty MICHAEL SCOULAR

THE CASCADE

The Lorax and The Secret World of Arrietty, different in premise except that they both aim to appeal to children, are similar in approach in how they attempt to draw special attention to what the viewer should be hearing. How they work at this, and what sounds they create, is a different story. The Lorax opens with an automatic musical number snidely praising consumerism and complacency. The environmental message extolled within and whatever virtues or heavy-handedness it has can be attributed to the Seussian source material, so the real interest here is in how Despicable Me hot commodities Chris Renaud and team at Illumination Entertainment present it. Whether it’s Thneedville or the Truffala forest, the movie’s main character (voiced by Zac Efron) or its villain (who’s shorter than the Lorax, because shortness denotes instant humour and instability, right?), everything is rendered in an artificial neon sheen. The Lorax pokes fun at the evils of modern advertisement and the dehumanization of the marketplace, with jabs at how “people will buy anything if you put it in a plastic bottle” and how the key thing to cater to is people’s short attention spans. Yet its aesthetic makes no attempt at separating people from the plastic messages on concrete walls surrounding them. If The Lorax talks down mindless pursuits in the name of ease of access and hypnotizing bright colors, it only condescends to its audience and muddles its supposedly all-important message by bathing everything in that same veneer. Studio Ghibli’s work has touched on many “big themes” over the years, but whether the work of Hayao Miyazaki or someone under his tutelage, issues and concerns take far less importance compared to the animation studio’s propensity for sketching not just evocative landscapes and

dwellings but people and their lives. Whatever thematic ideas of import that are in Studio Ghibli’s work tend to arise out of the way daily life is observed, rather than having events dictated by a need to speak to a supposedly unknowing audience. Where The Lorax wants its audience to listen to a message, The Secret World of Arrietty, adapted from Mary Norton’s fantasy novel The Borrowers, emphasizes listening to the natural world surrounding its characters. Arrietty’s uniquely miniscule point of view allows for a great deal of impressive animated climbing and rappelling, but the real wonder of the movie’s opening moments, which sees Arrietty on her first “Borrowing” mission, is Koji Kasamatsu’s sound design. Many an outsider’s tale emphasizes disorienting sounds and images to impress a feeling of unfamiliarity, but in Arrietty, there is an incredible sense of natural scale that extends beyond first impressions. The ever-present cicadas, the hum of a refrigerator, the tick of a clock are all sounds the human mind blocks out after a certain amount of time, yet their foregrounding here in the excursions of Arrietty and her father makes their every move palpable. Studio Ghibli understands that a hesitation is often more eventful than an action set piece, and it is that sensibility that carries throughout their work, which gives equal attention to the lives of crickets and centipedes, equal time to what happens in between encounters with strange new worlds. The Lorax, which like other Seuss movie adaptations scrambles to add material to reach a feature running time, borrowing the gibberish spouting cutesy designs of Illumination’s previous production Despicable Me, to predictably dire results. All this compounds the problem of what this is supposed to be conveying. The message of how evil chopping a tree down can be is mostly confined to a musical number that shouts political cartoon imagery and oneliners, ironically touting “a portion

Image: Image from The Secret World of Arrietty

Postcard Lit Call for Submissions Would you like to see your short fiction published? The Cascade is looking for original flash fiction to grace the pages of this fine publication. Each week, we will include a thematic prompt for writers to work with. Submissions may touch on any theme or topic.

Submission guidelines *Insert name of story, poem, or monologue here* by *Insert name of author here*.

of proceeds to charity” and other corporate niceties. But the main takeaway here is the cute bears and the luminous shine of Taylor Swift’s avatar’s hair. An Illumination introduction, the new crux of The Lorax’s plot is that boy wonder is doing all this searching for enlightenment to impress the girl of his dreams. The entire endeavor is done with a “yeah right” attitude that permeates seemingly every modern animation, and most curiously, in a key scene a mob is turned from viciously encroaching on the hopes of our protagonist to viciously encroaching on the life of the villain. It’s a cause to fight for, but one imagines Zac Efron could be swooping in to provide the world and Taylor Swift with the world’s last puppy or the last of a limited line of perfume given the mood of the picture. Environmentalism and beating up on those that crave money is the cool, “relevant” thing to do in movies (see

also Tower Heist, In Time) right now. It’s just another thing to turn the mob towards, even as it still fuels the same engine of pollution. As Universal’s glitzy new logo emerges with a proud “A Comcast company” under the spinning globe, it’s hard to imagine any of the involved parties banking on anyone taking anything from this movie past a laugh, a distraction and a short feeling of uplift. The Secret World of Arrietty, with its rather traditional way of creating then confounding an arbitrary villain, is a bit of a minor work when slotted next to something like Spirited Away or Howl’s Moving Castle. But as is always present in a Studio Ghibli work, there is a life coursing through the movie. One never doubts that there have been years of life prior to and following after the movie, and the central relationships of the movie are the kind that endure in children’s stories. Arrietty, like The Lorax, also contains the theme that humans

Please attach all submissions as a Word .doc. Submissions must be under 500 words. Show us what you can do in a limited amount of space. Writers are encouraged to create new work each week to fit with the prompt. What we like: - General fiction is preferred, but humour and satire are also appreciated. - We’re not sticklers for genre. As long as it’s good, we’ll consider it.

destroy things with alarming consistency, but here it’s conveyed with a guarded optimism. It isn’t the key, the driving force, the thing on which the movie turns, instead the people are. Disney’s involvement means The Secret World of Arrietty is saddled with an unnecessary English-language dub, which like all of their previous efforts features some weak performances from people who are notable more for their names than their talents as voice actors. But all of the big studio’s involvement can’t contain the rhythms of conversation and the wind that blows throughout all of Ghibli’s outdoors. Studio Ghibli understands the best approach in animation is to tell it from the level of someone who still wants to find something in life, rather than someone caustically rattling off that they already have. It’s the difference between hypnotizing and realizing.

- Please inform us if your submission has been previously published. - Submissions can come from UFV students, faculty or community members. Response time will typically be one week. Please email all submissions to: alexei@ufvcascade.ca Stories will be accepted until March 14th.


WEDNESDAY, MARCH 7, 2012

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ARTS & LIFE

Pick up that guitar – you’re sexier Is it the confidence, the talent, or something else that makes musicians so attractive? CEDRIC NOEL

THE AQUINIAN FREDERICTON (CUP) — Remember those teen movies where the guy with the guitar—and the less-than-mediocre voice—sits on the stairs with a flock of girls surrounding him? Or that bad-ass, rebel girl who plays bass guitar and all the guys secretly (or not-so-secretly) have a crush on her? I sure do. And now, almost three years out of my pimple-filled high school days, I still wonder: what makes musicians so attractive? Most people don’t usually enjoy the spotlight. Maybe it’s the pressure, maybe it’s the responsibility, or maybe it’s the actual spotlight itself. But there’s something intriguing about a person who has the guts to rock out and mesmerize their audience. Max Leblanc is the singersongwriter for Fredericton band She Roars!. The blonde-haired, blue-eyed guitarist said he can understand the phenomenon, but musicians aren’t necessarily more attractive. “Attractive is one word I guess,” he said, “but if you can think of it in a couple ways – there’s hot and [then there’s] sexy. Basically the musician gets sexier, and when I think about that, I think about girls from various bands. They look sexier than girls who don’t play.” Chris McIntosh is the bass player for She Roars!. McIntosh, who frequently rocks the ponytail and

toque combo, said it has more to do with musicians as public figures. “When you perform, you are the centre of attention,” McIntosh said. “People like to think they have some sort of association with people that they respect, people they look up to.” In more ways than one, I agree with McIntosh. The same phenomenon can be applied to athletes or other celebrities, whether they’re in high school, university or beyond. Most people seem to want to be associated with famous people, but I think music adds something more to the mix. Musicians have the confidence to express themselves in front of a crowd. They pull out their diary and tell us their most candid experiences through song. Why do we find that attractive or sexy? I’m not entirely sure. It could be their confidence or the connection we make with their emotions. Love, loss, hate and sadness – all things we can feel too, bringing us closer to the musician. Bridget Yard, a third-year St. Thomas University student, said another reason we’re attracted to musicians is because of their ability to fit in with the crowd one minute and then be a rock star the next. “There’s that whole notion that they’re playing to you, or the lyrics of the song are being sung to you,” she said. “Of course, that’s almost never how it really is, but the thought is pretty exhilarating.” Whether you strongly relate to a

Image: Cara Smith/The Aquinian

song or you’re just trying to figure out what it means, there’s a definite mystery and mystique around music and the people who make it – and everyone is intrigued by a

good mystery. In any case, music has the power to make us feel alive. Whether we’re rocking out, dancing in a club, or lying down on our beds

taking in some smooth tunes, music speaks to us. So it only makes sense that we we’re attracted to the people who create it.


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WEDNESDAY, MARCH 7, 2012

ARTS & LIFE

POSTCARD LITERATURE This young man It was a lonely, dark hour. The barroom was dim, and the clicking and clacking of the wheels on the tracks seemed natural now. Raymond Kingsley had placed his order and was now sipping gingerly at his memories. Consumed in an immaculate inebriated eclipse, as the hydrocarbons flowed through his veins, he reviewed the situation he had been faced with. He took a drag from his cigarette. The countryside was gray, and damp. Dew clung to the rye that swung in the breeze. Thousands of yards of telephone cable had gone by in the distance, people were left behind, in a forgotten frenzy, and the feeling of running away was beginning to fully set in. He could not return to the apartment. She would surely be there. He was alone now. How he wanted to be. But he wasn’t happy. He thought he would feel happy being alone. The drink began to go to his head. He was homeward bound now. Wherever the hell home was. Regardless, the train he was on was headed for the eastern seaboard. It was bound for what he

considered to be civilization. Raymond Kingsley had just finished concluding that true tragedy is neither beautiful, nor does it reveal itself, and that it is one of the things that one never really hears of. He had more or less written three separate copies of the same letter, each conveying the same general message – that being, that he wanted to leave her, and never see her again. But in the end, he decided not to send any of them, as they were all lengthy, and phony sounding. “I dreamt we lived in a house built on a cliff,” he wrote. “The sea crashed noisily below us, and gulls circled overhead. We lived in a room with dark wooden floors, and a low ceiling. We kept the shutters closed, and blotted out the sun. The room had no furniture, only two desks, identical to each other.” His thoughts kept drifting back to that room, with the two desks. The sun had shone through the slats on the windows so vividly. Somehow, in the dream, he had recognized the location of the house on the cliffs, as being situated in France, on the Mediterranean. He wondered

Last Call I had just set down my glass and my lips were already dry. My hands were shaking. My teeth were grinding. It was the kind of night where ghosts haunted the streets and men cowered in the bars. I could hear the factory workers and the sailors broadcasting their late night stupor. Some were even trying to sing, their voices like the confident strums on an out-of-tune guitar. The glass in front of me was half empty, so I drained it and called for another. “You’re not a cheap drunk, are you?” The bartender was an inspiring man. He was stout with a bald head, his lip always twisted in a sneer. He stepped away and poured me another glass from the tap. “Last call’s in half.” Half an hour was all I had to escape the ghosts. All I could picture was the face of the woman in the car they pulled from Lost Lagoon. Her curled hair and round face shadowed and decaying, the bloating of submersion beginning to take its effect. It wasn’t contorted in a chorus of pain, it was smiling. A group of sailors shouted a verse of some ineffable drinking song. I drowned the image with a quick slug of whiskey. “Heard someone was rubbed out, up at the lagoon. Some

kind of shooting.” A man with a voice like gravel was talking down the bar. “This town is hitting the tanks. First the fire, then that holdup downtown, now this. What next, eh?” A thin voice replied. “It’s the damned drug trade. They kill each other at the drop of a nickel. Whoever they shot tonight must have had it coming.” I listened, hands balled into fists, lips curled. Something about the other man’s voice struck a nerve at the back of my skull in a slow pulse that made my eyes twitch. I was in his face faster than it took me to realize I had his collar in my fist. The singers stopped their singing. “Spread out, asshole, before I spread you out.” The man looked grim; his eyes were wide, his mouth twisted in fury. I socked him in the kisser, scraping my fist along his teeth. He took out a stool on his way down. The man knew how to take a blow. Then I took a fist in the back. The brute behind me must have been built. I felt as if every muscle in my body vanished, replaced by a melody of pain. I stumbled forward, falling over my own limp feet. The thinner man shuffled away. “Take it outside,” the barkeep hollered.

EJ Harrow

how he knew that. Perhaps he’d seen it in another life. He recalled how he’d once fought with her, on a trip to the country. “Go to hell,” he’d said as he floored the gas. “I swear to God, I will turn this wheel, and throw us both into the goddamn ditch.” He really had wanted to turn the wheel. There was an alien beauty to his memories. He had wanted to have children with her sometimes. He wanted to watch them grow in that house on the cliffs, and ride their tricycles down the road, and run around in crimson sunlight with scabbed knees, as the light occasionally peeked through the forest foliage during an afternoon picnic, whilst a stream trickled nearby. He’d wanted to grow old with her, and take her out to sea on a boat, and he had wanted to tell her everything. But he only knew so little. He wrote more. “I won’t tell you why I’ve left. You’ll only hate yourself even more than you already do, I have learned many things in the four years we’ve been together. Such as the following: Daisy Buchanan

is a whore. Romance and love are human inventions of the 21st century. Nothing more. You can’t always get what you want. I will not be returning this time. Goodbye. PS: If you try sometimes, you just might find, you get what you need.” It had been four long years. This young man had changed. People that knew him well would sometimes now find him to grow silent when people would say certain things. He’d put the house on the cliffs out of his mind. He knew that it had just been a dream— the stuff of pipes—and nothing more. Perhaps in his next life he would return there. But for now, it was nothing but another dream, a garden variety fleeting fantasy stuck between the voids, in and out of time.

Anthony Biondi

Art: Anthony BIondi

“Get up,” the big man said. He was dressed like a sailor and chewed the stub of an old cigar. He looked to be at least 250, and judging by the weight of his fist, it was all muscle. I dragged myself upright, breathing hard and threatening to topple. Before the man could say anything I threw in a right hook. He took it in the chest, without moving. He laughed and I hit him again, harder. This time he staggered back a little, with a look of amusement. I hated that look. “That’s two,” he counted. I threw a third punch, but his fist gunned into my ribs before my blow even made it half the

distance. He was some heavy weight champ, alright. I landed on the floor, winded and disoriented. “Stand up, I owe you one more.” “Get the hell out!” The bartender was yelling now. There were voices around us, wagers, as the other sailors watched the fight. I wondered how many were betting on my odds. Struggling to breathe, I slowly rose to my feet. I tried to smile at him, but it fell short. He came at me again; I tried to duck the blow, but took it in the temple instead. The landscape went dizzy and wild, colours exploded past my eyes. I saw

the counter then felt another blow to my head as I struck wood. I lay crumpled on the ground, dazed, hanging onto the last grips of consciousness. There was a roar of cheers. The singing picked up again before I heard the click of a phone. It was the booze. I could have taken him apart sober. It was definitely the booze. I went for a cigarette, but my hands wouldn’t move. So I closed my eyes and tried to rest. A woman’s voice echoed through my mind before it all went dark. Familiar, with an accent I couldn’t quite place.


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SPORTS & HEALTH

Pro sports teams and the death of design Why are the MLB and NHL forsaking originality in jersey design?

Wade Thompson — The Cord

image: Sports Illustrated cover photo

Selling sex doesn’t sell sports Sports media and organizations overlooking athletic performance for sex appeal Kyle Brown — The Sputnik BRANTFORD, Ont. (CUP) — “Let the women play in more feminine clothes like they do in volleyball.” These were the words that FIFA president Sepp Blatter uttered back in 2004, sparking intense controversy. “They could, for example, have tighter shorts. Female players are pretty, if you excuse me for saying so, and they already have different rules to men – such as playing with a lighter ball.” Blatter’s comments caused an outcry among female soccer players the world over, but in truth, he was not saying anything new. Sports organizations and the media have been attempting to exploit the sex appeal of female athletes to sell sports for years. The year 2009 saw the most blatant example when the Lingerie Football League was created, a professional female tackle-football league that sees the players wearing only bras, panties, shoulder pads and helmets – with clear visors instead of face masks, of course. Not all examples are this blatantly obvious, however. In 1999, the ruling international governing body for volleyball, FIVB, standardized beach volleyball uniforms to be smaller, even implementing a maximum size. “There really is no empirical proof to prove this assertion,” explained Nicole Lavoi of the Tucket Center for Research on Girls and Women in Sports at the University of Minnesota. “Yes, we know sex sells – it sells jeans and perfumes and God knows what else. But nobody has any proof that sex sells women’s sports. “It’s a big assumption. And those of us that critique that assumption, say, ‘Show us the data,’ because we have data that says otherwise. To those that actually want to consume

women’s sports, it’s quite an offensive assumption.” More than from just inside the actual organizations, it’s the media portrayal and coverage given to women’s sports that puts an emphasis on sex. Each year when tennis’s Rogers Cup rolls around, it is rarely the numberone seed that gets to grace the cover of Canadian sports sections, but instead one of the players with universal sex appeal like Maria Sharapova. “[What this does is it] makes female athletes think how they themselves have to promote this kind of sexy, hetero, feminine image – whether they want to or not. It’s kind of like that’s the business, so that’s what you have to do,” Lavoi said. “This is problematic because it has nothing to do with athletic performance, but it’s kind of seen like you have to play this game to be promoted, and not all female athletes can conform to that feminine norm.” By that same token, however, it’s hard to ignore the fact that some female athletes do project this sexy image themselves in other forms of media. Last year, U.S. Olympic skier Lindsey Vonn famously posed in a bikini atop a ski hill for Sports Illustrated, while tennis star Anna Kournikova has posed for men’s magazines Maxim and FHM multiple times. Lavoi believes one reason for this could be the result of poor media attention and endorsements towards women’s sports, so the athletes are trying to take advantage of their fame and make a significant amount of money to help fund their training and simple living expenses. The other side, according to Lavoi, is that these female athletes feel they have a choice to show off their bodies, but don’t realize that that choice is created in an unequal system. “Yes, they have a choice, but their choices are tempered by this whole

binary system that female athletes are never valued as much as male athletes,” Lavoi said. “So when they go ahead and sexualize themselves they’re in fact becoming part of the problem, not the solution, but they don’t see it that way. And it’s not their fault they’ve been co-opted into believing this is the way to promote female athletes.” Regardless of the reasons for sexualizing female sports and female athletes, it simply is not working in promoting the sports on the same scale as their male counterparts. Looking at basketball figures, the WNBA averaged just over 7,800 fans per game in the 2010 season, while the NBA averaged a whopping 17,520. In college hoops, the female University of Connecticut Huskies team—who had a record 90 consecutive wins and were named third on SI’s “Teams of the Decade”—averaged 10,182 fans per home game, comparable to the Xavier University men’s team, who finished 44th in overall attendance. Lavoi believes the media must cover women’s athleticism as opposed to the “sex sells” approach and that female athletes must stand up to this idea in order to get women’s sports appreciated for the athletes themselves. Another possibility, however, could simply be time-based. Compared to the men’s professional leagues, many women’s pro sports are still in their infancy and trying to break into the mainstream market. Coverage and attention have gone up in recent years, so these leagues and sports may just need to go through this rough patch and time will bring them the desired attention. The worst thing for them would be to be typecast for their sex appeal — that is, if they want to be taken seriously.

WATERLOO (CUP) — Last Friday, the Toronto Blue Jays unveiled their new look to the world, a look that many fans were already familiar with. They have decided to put the “blue” back into the organization. And while the general reaction to the announcement seems to be a positive one, the new, old-look Jays seem to be a rarity when it comes to good sports design nowadays. Trying to start anew with a name change and a brand new look, the MLB’s Miami (formerly Florida) Marlins have, in my mind, redefined what it means to have a terrible look. With their use of pastel blue, yellow and orange in their logo, as well as the modernized fish attached to the beginning of “Miami,” their new appearance seems more like that of an ’80s night club logo than that of a feared baseball team. Now, of course, with the simplified, classic looks of teams like the Yankees and the Red Sox, I’m well aware that it is not common-place for baseball teams to try and evoke fear in their rivals through their jerseys. However, when your logo reminds me more of retirees sipping mei-teis than it does a threatening baseball team on a diamond, I think your plan has gone awry. It’s somewhat hard to slight baseball teams for their unoriginal designs, though, when the majority of their existence dates back over a century. They revert to “classic” looks above all else. And while I may not be the most wellrounded baseball fanatic, you can be damn sure that my hockey and design background make me qualified to comment on NHL teams, which have no such excuse. Franchises have consistently altered and improved their look every few years since the NHL started at the turn of the 1900s. In my mind, it is fair to call the league the predominant leader in team style. Well, it would have been fair until 2007, when Reebok took over the uniform design for the organization and all hell broke loose. Taking a page from the NBA, one would assume, more teams have been foregoing putting their actual logos on the fronts of their jerseys and have instead replaced

image: Wade Thompson/The Cord

them with simple text and a number. Look no further than the latest offender (and inspiration for this article), the New York Islanders’ third jerseys. Rather than come up with some unique alternate logo, or playing around with their current one by changing up the colours, the team has decided to go minimalistic with a navy blue base and “Islanders” plastered on the front above the number of the player wearing it. Why? No, I mean really – why? Are players on the rival teams complaining about not being able to identify who they are currently up against? Are they sitting on the bench, saying, “Thank God that these guys have their numbers on the front AND back of the jersey. When they just had the logo, I was almost always confused.” Come on, people. A hockey jersey is a canvas for open creativity. As one of the few advocates of the mid-’90s “Fisherman” logo, the Islanders would be better off going back to that than reverting to text. At least the “Fisherman” was something. Alas, the Islanders aren’t the only offenders. The Colorado Avalanche, Dallas Stars and Vancouver Canucks are keeping the “trend” alive. Evidently, someone thinks that fans would rather have words representing their team than a badass, crisply designed logo. I think what it comes down to is that in professional sports, original design seems to be dying. The NFL has always been very minimalistic in its jersey conception, but helmet design is miles behind that of the college leagues. Even in baseball, the Jays have reverted to a familiar look as opposed to trying to come up with something new to define them as a team. That’s why it pains me when I see NHL teams giving in to this idea. The league needs to realize that they have the ability to create something of value with their look, and should stop going the lazy route in order to just get the name across. We need more mustard yellow Nashville Predators jerseys in the world and less of this basketballesque font bullshit.


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The Final Countdown: Cascades in the Canada West PAUL ESAU

THE CASCADE Last weekend the UFV basketball teams faced some big competition in the wild wastelands of Saskatchewan, as both teams looked to clinch a spot in the CIS national championships in Halifax, Nova Scotia. The men and women were competing in the “Final Four” of the Canada West conference tournament in the hopes of achieving a first or second finish, and therefore a guaranteed birth into nationals. Both teams fought hard, with the men grabbing a silver medal and the women placing fourth overall. The women’s team initially played the University of Regina Cougars on Friday, March 2, succumbing to the undefeated Cougars (22-0) by a score of 72-56. Sarah Wierks led the Cascades with 22 points and 10 rebounds for the double-double, but UFV was still unable to overcome the Cougar’s formidable offensive effort and home crowd. On Saturday the Cascades faced the University of Saskatchewan Huskies for a chance to win the Canada West bronze medal. Despite strong performances from Aieisha Luyken (17 points and a cool 37 minutes of play) and Kayli Sartori (12 points and two steals off the bench), the Cascades fell behind early and never quite caught up. UFV fell 71-65, and is now forced to play in the East Regional Tournament on March 9-10 in Ottawa for a chance at a wildcard spot in the national tournament. “I think the team had an inconsistent weekend,” said coach Al Tuchscherer about his team’s performance over the two games. “When you’re playing the number one, three, and four ranked teams in the country you need to have maximum effort for 40 minutes – physically, mentally, and emotionally. We didn’t have that and I think we are all pretty disappointed by our showing this weekend.” Yet Tuchscherer was positive about his team’s performance this year compared to the similar finish last season in the same tournament. “I think there are a lot of differences. First of all, we were a lot more com-

Stretch Run: The best and the worst of times for the Canucks JOEL SMART to be decided.

THE CASCADE

Art: Anthony Biondi

petitive this year – giving ourselves a chance both nights even though we didn’t have our best games. Last year we were in a bit over our heads with it being our first appearance. The competition is intense, the crowds are large, the scale is bigger, it was all new and overwhelming last year for our young team. I think we had genuine expectations of winning this year and when we didn’t there was genuine disappointment and even some anger with how things turned out. I think this setback can serve us well moving forward.” The UFV men carved out a heartpounding 63-62 victory on Friday against the University of Victoria Vikes, winning by only one point despite entering the fourth quarter with a 19-point lead. Coach Barnaby Craddock blamed the sudden turnaround on high stakes and the men’s unexpected dominance in the first half of the game: “It truly is a special and illusive thing to qualify for the national tournament in Halifax,” he said after the game. “Many larger and talented schools will not make it there this

year. When that was on the line in the fourth quarter, we started trying to hold onto our lead instead of playing to win. That change in mindset made things closer than they needed to be.” In Saturday’s conference finals, the men found themselves on the opposite side of the equation with a narrow one point loss (71-72) to the University of Alberta Golden Bears. Everything came down to the final shot in this closely contested game, and this time the Cascades couldn’t beat the buzzer. The Golden Bears claimed victory on the back of an astounding 25-point performance from guard Daniel Ferguson, who went six-for-11 from the three-point range. Besides the silver medal, UFV gained a standout performance from first year guard Jordan Blackman, who had 21 points in 29 minutes over the two games. The Cascades will be heading off to the CIS championships this weekend in Halifax, starting on March 9.

This is absolutely the greatest time in the regular season. There is plenty to speculate about, with so many teams still vying for playoff positions. The Canucks are currently in a pretty positive situation in the Western Conference. Barring a catastrophic end to the season, they should be able to finish in either the first or second seed. Before they played the Dallas Stars on Tuesday, the Canucks needed only 12 points to guarantee another Northwest Division title – six wins in 16 games, while either Colorado or Calgary would need to win every single game until the end of the season. If the Phoenix Coyotes, currently the third seed, won all 17 remaining games, they’d land 109 points – the Canucks would need 10 wins to top it. But of course, in reality, such a winning streak is pretty unlikely. Of course, the Canucks know the value of the hometown advantage, going to game seven twice in last year’s playoffs. Line-matching can win a series, and having the last change at home makes it so much easier. As a result, the team will likely spend the last handful of games trying to win the President’s trophy, rather than looking at the distant specks in the rear-view mirror. Unfortunately for the Canucks, the New York Rangers have the early advantage. On the Western front, The Detroit Redwings and the St. Louis Blues are battling it out for Central Division supremacy. That means that there isn’t much room for the Canucks to falter if they want to stay ahead. With so much still to be decided, it’s still up-in-the-air as to who the Canucks might face off against, with the Dallas Stars, San Jose Sharks and the Los Angeles Kings looking like the most likely candidates. A Chicago Blackhawks rematch isn’t even out of the realm of possibility. Much is yet

For the Canucks, their immediate concerns down the stretch have to be the somewhat reduced offensive output by the Sedins and Ryan Kesler. These players were crucial in last year’s playoffs, and while the Sedins were on fire earlier this year, things have dropped off. Finding some consistency from their best players is going to be the key to the team’s success from here in. In the meantime, players like Maxim Lapierre and David Booth have really begun to show their worth. Booth, in particular, has managed to find his game, with 13 goals and 25 points in 40 games. Lapierre, on the otherhand, seems intent to show anyone paying attention that Zack Kassian isn’t the only physical presence on the team – with his infamous smirk driving opposing teams wild. To varying degrees of critical approval, the Canucks traded for a more defensive, physical team at the deadline – a move that will rely on the ability of the first two lines to put the puck in the net. Though the team has been finding a way to win on most nights, it has happened less so in the last few games. It’s tough to tell at this point whether they should they have opted to stick with scoring depth, but as the playoffs draw even nearer, the team will look to really hit full stride – in a way they failed to do even on an impressive 13-game streak in which they took away at least a point from each game (and subsequent five-game streak). The Canucks face a hungry Winnipeg Jets team that is hanging on to eighth place in the Eastern Conference on Thursday, with a 7 p.m. start. Then, Saturday’s Montreal match-up should also be an exciting game, despite the last-place position of the Canadiens. An unusual three-day break afterward will end next Wednesday, when the team faces the hard-working Phoenix Coyotes.

Ask, and ye won’t receive: why Nash didn’t move KAREN ANEY THE CASCADE

It’s a pretty sad story. Arguably one of the best players of his generation, Rick Nash is currently captaining a burning ship, headed straight into the ground. Columbus is dead last in the league, with not even a faint glimmer of hope of making the playoffs. Those of us who are able to look at the situation logically, i.e., those with no emotional affiliations with the team, don’t blame him for asking to be traded. But, at least before this deadline, it wasn’t going to happen. The main reason it wasn’t going to happen is that there really isn’t a home for him. It’s a double edged sword: he’s too good for a team with no hope for a Cup run, yet that same skill makes him too valuable to be traded to a contending team. The problem is that he’s worth too much – meeting

his trade price could easily dismantle a team completely, and that’s just not something a team headed to the playoffs can handle at this time of year. The two teams that seemed to be the best fit were the Rangers and the Sharks (now that Jeff Carter has taken the Kings out of the running). Both teams have enough skilled, young players to pay the price for Nash, but are unwilling to move him for different reasons. The Rangers weren’t going to make a move for him because they were solidly at the top of their conference at the trade deadline. Though they could pay the price for Nash—players like Ryan McDonagh and Chris Kreider would be huge assets to the rebuilding Blue Jackets— Nash isn’t worth disrupting the synergy developed by the dominating team. The Sharks are another story, albeit a similar one. They sit at seventh in the conference at press time,

but the close point race at that level means their position is by no means guaranteed – and it wasn’t when the trade deadline rolled around, either. As anyone who watched the 2010 Olympics knows, Joe Thornton and Rick Nash are a lethal combination (yes, there were goals scored aside from that one from Crosby and Iginla). Though reuniting the two Canadians would put an intimidating face on the Sharks, the trade likely would have come at the cost of centre Logan Couture. Along with Big Joe, Couture is the young talent currently carrying the team. Losing him would be a huge hit for the precarious team, one that could easily take them out of the running to make it to playoffs – even if Thornton and Nash could manage to make maple leaf coloured magic all over the ice together. Another reason Nash didn’t move is that the price—at this late point

in the season—was irrefutably too high. Blue Jackets GM Scott Howson stated in a post-trade deadline media scrum that the price was “high. I don’t apologize for that. It had to be high.” What else did he say in that conference? That Nash came to him and asked to be traded. Talk about throwing your only asset under a bus. Nash held a press conference of his own the next day, stating that he held no ill feelings towards Howson for sharing that bit of information. Whether this was true or not, the fact that Nash is taking the high road is admirable. He went on to say that his dedication to the team hasn’t changed: “as of right now I’ll wear this jersey with pride, like I always have. I’ve always played my heart out for (the owners). And I will continue to do that as long as I’m a Blue Jacket and I’ll play my hardest for the fans as well.” Despite the differing circumstanc-

es, the situation bears a rather striking resemblance to what Vancouverites experienced under the captaincy of Mark Messier. A failing team, a captain questioned by the fans, and a GM willing to be just a bit too candid with the media. When then-GM Mike Keenan blamed a loss directly on Linden in front of the media, it was the nail in the coffin that took Linden out of Vancouver. Canucks fans spent the next few seasons watching a sinking team with a captain that seemed unable to inspire a spark in his team. What did it take to turn the dark days around? Losing the looselipped GM and ousting the captain the fans (and team) had no faith in. Hopefully for Columbus fans—and the frustrated Nash—they’ll get what they’re waiting for this summer.


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SPORTS & HEALTH

Leland Irving on double duties SEAN EVANS THE CASCADE

It’s no secret the Abbotsford Heat have had their struggles this season, but things have been looking up. Here’s why. Although the Heat went through a stretch in January and early February in which they lost nine of 12, it seems they may have turned a corner. In their last nine outings, the Heat have walked away with five wins, two overtime losses and two outright losses. Not a bad turnaround. The Heat now find themselves sitting in fifth spot in the Western Conference, poised to take on the Chicago Wolves, affiliate to the Vancouver Canucks, in the playoffs. How’s that for a series? Much of the Heat’s trouble this year has coincided with the loss of key players to the Calgary Flames. Obviously this can be expected – it is the AHL, we’re talking about here. That said, having goaltender Leland Irving out for weeks at a time has perhaps cost the Heat a couple games. But, alas, Irving has returned, being sent back to Abbotsford just last week. However, that return is not as simple as it may appear. Irving has really served as the backbone to this team for a while now. That is not to understate the importance that back-up goaltender Danny Taylor has played this year, filling in for the absent Irving. A close look at the numbers reveals the importance of Irving. In his 29 games with the club this year, Irving was 17-10-1-3, with a Goals Against Average (GAA) of 2.37 and a save percentage of .914 per cent. In comparison, Taylor has played 33 games, amassing a record of 16-12-1-2, with a GAA of 2.45 and save percentage of .924 percent. The difference between the two goalies is not drastic, by any stretch of the imagination, but Irving ultimately has the better numbers – he is the guy you want between the pipes come playoff time, if the Heat ever want to see the second round of the post season. The return of Irving is not as simple as it seems, however. The Flames have announced that Irving is now the number two goalie in Calgary. Here’s how it works: Irving, who played well during his time in Calgary has jumped past goalie Henrik Karlsson, taking over second spot. Karlsson, who does not have a twoway contract, and therefore cannot play for the Heat, will remain with Calgary, but will not play. Instead, Irving will do double duty, sharing the goaltending role in Abbotsford with Danny Taylor, while at the same time, taking frequent trips up the big leagues to give Flames goalie Miikka Kiprusoff some rest. So, long story short, the Heat have two goalies that have shown they can win – one a little more than the other. As a result, they will have to be content with sharing Irving with the Flames for the time being. That said, it’s pretty likely that the Flames wont require the services of Irving anytime past April 7, the last day of their regular season. In the end, the fact is that Danny Taylor is a good enough goalie to help the Abbotsford Heat ensure they maintain a playoff spot, but not good enough to steal that stage from Irving come postseason.

Health Kick: the importance of sleep KEN MUIR

CONTRIBUTOR

As I’ve alluded to in previous articles, there are numerous factors that affect the amount of progress one can extract out of a workout. Working at the right intensity level, for instance, will help you to train your body to do specific things. Staying hydrated will allow you to work at those intensities with less effort. Working out consistently will get you fit faster and will keep you motivated. Theoretically, if you tailor all of these factors correctly, you should be able to maximize the gains from your workouts, and achieve your goals even faster. Of course, there are a rather large number of factors to consider, but most of them can be controlled. This week, we’ll be discussing the effects of sleep, or more specifically, a lack of. A common misconception is that working out is what grows muscle. At first glance, it certainly appears so:

during and after your workout, your body’s muscle groups are tight, which causes them to look larger than they normally are. What workouts actually do is cause light damage to muscle tissue. Exerting enough effort causes micro-tears in your muscles, weakening their overall ability to do work. By working out, we’re actually in the practice of attacking our own bodies. These micro-tears stimulate your body to repair the damage and to increase the number of cells devoted to the muscle, in an effort to stop more micro-tears from forming if similar stresses are faced in the future. In this manner, your body repairs the damage caused by a workout, and then strengthens the area. Most of this repair and growth, however, occurs in your sleep. Dr. Eve Van Cauter from the University of Chicago conducted a study in which healthy males in their 20s slept eight hours a night for four nights, then four hours a night for six

nights, and then finally 12 hours a night for seven nights. He discovered that after his subjects had slept for four hours a night for six nights, the subjects had higher stress hormone levels, could not efficiently metabolize glucose, and had diminished levels of human growth hormone. The inability to properly metabolize glucose means that the body won’t be able to produce glycogen, which is the main energy source for muscles. This means that if you completed a workout, slept for four hours, and then tried to do another workout the next day, your muscles would have virtually no energy reserves. Your workout quality would dive-bomb. The lower levels of growth hormone would mean that your body would be less able to devote more cells to your damaged muscles. Your workout would become worthless if you’re sleep deprived, because your body has no way of increasing the amount of muscle. Finally, stress hormones

sometimes interfere with the body’s ability to repair damaged muscle, so an increase of stress hormones would cause your body to still feel weakened by your previous workout, as it hadn’t been properly repaired. Overall, not sleeping enough is extremely debilitating to the amount of progress you can achieve by working out. In another, similar study, Dr. Eve Van Cauter found that sleep deprivation also caused increases in hunger and appetite, which could lead to overeating. The clear way to avoid these problems is to sleep enough and sleep regularly. It’s rather difficult to sleep too much, so sleep in excess wherever possible. As students, it’s often tempting to pull all-nighters in order to study for exams, or finish an essay the night before they’re due. Do try to avoid getting into those situations in the first place; your workout will dearly suffer for it.

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24

UNION SOCIETY

WEDNESDAY, MARCH 7, 2012

www.ufvcascade.ca

SPORTS & HEALTH

STUDENT UNION SOCIETY

in the SAC

Invest in yourself !

The SUS

Your SUS social house on Campus.

u f v S U S . c a

General elecTion

PollinG Period: March 7 To 13 aT My.Ufv.ca Sign in to Choose YOUR SUS! LIVE IN CONCERT @

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Engage your SUS candidates!

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March 09 Doors open @ 8:30 TICKETS

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The Cascade Vol. 20 No. 8 - March 7, 2012  

The Cascade is the University of the Fraser Valley's autonomous student newspaper, and has been since 1993.