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RIC-6414

3.2/139


Brain teasers (Book 3) First published by ThinkShop Thinking Resources Ltd. www.thinks.co.nz Reprinted under licence by R.I.C. Publications® 2008 Copyright© Jean Edwards 2006 ISBN 978-1-74126-720-4 RIC–6414

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Brain teasers (Book 1) Brain teasers (Book 2)

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r o e t s Bo r e p ok u S

Additional titles available in this series:

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This master may only be reproduced by the original purchaser for use with their class(es). The publisher prohibits the loaning or onselling of this master for the purposes of reproduction.

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contents r o e t s Bo r e p ok u S

Listing attributes

7

Teac he r

5

Comparing Stepping stones Find the set Venn diagrams Thinking: vocabulary

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Introduction

9

11 17 23 27

© R. I . C.Publ i cat i ons 33 Underlying problems •f orr e vi ew pur posesonl y42 • Spotting problems

48

Rink tinks

49

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Rinky tinky Brain busters

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Forming criteria

52 53

Design it! 57 . te Answers 61 o c . che e r o t r s super

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Brain teasers

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n i a r b tease

introduction r o e t s Bo r e p ok u S ew i ev Pr

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This series of three books is designed to provide 5–10 minute activities to ‘rev’ up students’ brains and get them into gear for thinking. There are a variety of activities aimed at higher-level thinking.

The activites mainly involve language-oriented critical thinking and include:

analysing meaning ©• R . I . C.Publ i cat i ons • analysing attributes of words •f o r r evi ew pur posesonl y• • analysing relationships of words

• synthesising rules and creating solutions

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Some of the activities are oriented more towards creative thinking and problemsolving, involving skills such as:

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• flexibility

o c . • originality c e h r e o t r • co-operative work s su per • elaboration

• evaluating ideas

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Listing attributes

Name: Date:

Try to picture a computer in your mind.

Correct Ideas:

1 Comparing:

Then list below all the attributes of a computer which ALL COMPUTERS usually have.

All computers usually... 1.

11.

12.

3.

4.

14.

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18.

10.

20.

CHALLENGE! Circle the numbers of any attributes which also apply to a WASHING MACHINE. R.I.C. Publications®

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Brain teasers

7


2

Listing attributes

Name: Date:

Try to picture a tree in your mind.

Correct Ideas:

Then list below all the attributes of a tree which ALL trees usually have.

Comparing:

All trees usually... 1.

4.

12.

13.

14.

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18.

10.

20.

CHALLENGE! Circle the numbers of any attributes which also apply to a DOG. 8

Brain teasers

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Name:

3

Comparing

Date:

Use this Venn diagram to compare the attributes of these two items. List attributes which they BOTH share in the middle part. Think carefully! Remember to number your answers.

SCORE for correct ideas:

SCORE for original ideas:

DOG r o e t s Bo r e p ok BOTH u S

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Teac he r

FRIDGE

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CHALLENGE:

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m . u

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Share your answers. How many original answers did you get (ones that no-one else thought of )?

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4

Comparing

Name: Date:

Use this Venn diagram to compare the attributes of these two items. List attributes which they BOTH share in the middle part. Think carefully! Remember to number your answers.

SCORE for correct ideas:

SCORE for original ideas:

BEE r o e t s Bo r e p BOTH ok u S

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Teac he r

BIRD

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CHALLENGE:

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Share your answers. How many original answers did you get (ones that no-one else thought of )? www.ricpublications.com.au

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stepping stones

5

Name: Date:

Change the following words, one letter at a time, to make the last word shown. Each step must be a proper word! If you can do it in even fewer steps—well done!

Answer: r o e t s Bo r e p ok u a S d e m a d

Example:

b

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a

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Brain teasers

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stepping stones

6

Name: Date:

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Change the following words, one letter at a time, to make the last word shown. Each step must be a proper word! If you can do it in even fewer steps—well done!

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14 Brain teasers

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stepping stones

7

Name: Date:

Change the following words, one letter at a time, to make the last word shown. Each step must be a proper word!

r o e t s Boh o r e p ok u S l

m e

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Teac he r

If you can do it in even fewer steps—well done!

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h o p ©eR. I . C.Publ i cat i ons

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15


stepping stones

Name: Date:

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Name:

Find the set

Date:

8

These exercises are to practise classifying information into groups. Circle the word/numeral which does not belong in the set and write it down in the space provided. Then explain why it doesn’t belong.

A.

B.

2

walk run r o e t s Bo amble r e p 7 o skip hop k 6 u S 9 paddle 8

4

0

stroll

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Teac he r

14

trudge

word out: © R. I . C.PubOdd l i c at i ons •f orr evi ew pur posesonl y• It does not belong in the set because all It does not belong in the set because all Odd numeral out:

the rest:

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C.

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the rest:

o c . flock che e r o t knotr pride s super herd

swarm

pack

crowd

Odd word out: It does not belong in the set because all the rest:

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Brain teasers

17


Find the set

Name: Date:

D.

square segment angle

r o e t s Bo r e degree p ok u S line

Odd word out:

It does not belong in the set because all the rest:

E.

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radius

hypotenuse

© R. I . C.Publ i cat i ons •f orr evi ew pur posesonl y• A. Odd word out:

CHALLENGE! Each of the activities above has another possible answer. Can you find it?

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It does not belong in the set because all the rest:

B. Odd word out:

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C. Odd word out:

o c . che e r o t r s super

It does not belong in the set because all the rest:

m . u

It does not belong in the set because all the rest:

D. Odd word out:

It does not belong in the set because all the rest:

18 Brain teasers

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Name:

Find the set

Date:

9

These exercises are to practise classifying information into groups. Circle the word which does not belong in the set and write it down in the space provided. Then explain why it doesn’t belong.

A.

B.

Europe

white

r o yellow e t s B r beige e o blue South America p o u cream k black S North America purple

Africa China

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Australasia

brown

© R. I . C.Publ i cat i ons •belong f or e vbecause i ewallpur os so l y It does not in r the set Itp does note belong inn the set • because all Odd word out:

the rest:

the rest:

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Odd word out:

C.

magazine . te novel o c encyclopaedia . che diary e r o t r s super dictionary newspaper

Odd word out: It does not belong in the set because all the rest:

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Brain teasers

19


Find the set

Name: Date:

D. bull dog

boar vixen stallion

r o e t s Bo r e p ok u S

drake

Odd word out:

It does not belong in the set because all the rest:

E.

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Teac he r

ram

© R. I . C.Publ i cat i ons •f orr evi ew pur posesonl y• A. Odd word out:

CHALLENGE! Each of the activities above has another possible answer. Can you find it?

w ww

It does not belong in the set because all the rest:

B. Odd word out:

. te

C. Odd word out:

o c . che e r o t r s super

It does not belong in the set because all the rest:

m . u

It does not belong in the set because all the rest:

D. Odd word out:

It does not belong in the set because all the rest:

20 Brain teasers

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Name:

Find the set

Date:

10

These exercises are to practise classifying information into groups. Circle the word which does not belong in the set and write it down in the space provided. Then explain why it doesn’t belong.

square triangle hexagon circle octagon cube

B.

potato

carrot r o e t s Bo sprout r e p ok u onion Srectangle parsnip cucumber

Odd word out:

Odd word out:

the rest:

the rest:

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Teac he r

A.

w ww

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© R. I . C.Publ i cat i ons •belong f or e vbecause i ewallpur os so l y It does not in r the set Itp does note belong inn the set • because all

C.

clarinet . te oboe o saxophone c . recorder ch e r er flute o bassoon t s super trumpet

Odd word out: It does not belong in the set because all the rest:

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Brain teasers

21


Find the set

Name: Date:

D.

silverfish ant

bee butterfly

wasp

r o e t s Bo r e p ok u S centipede

It does not belong in the set because all the rest:

E.

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Teac he r

Odd word out:

© R. I . C.Publ i cat i ons orr evi ew pur posesonl y• A. Odd word• out:f

CHALLENGE! Each of the activities above has another possible answer. Can you find it?

It does not belong in the set because all the rest:

w ww

B. Odd word out:

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It does not belong in the set because all the rest:

m . u

o c . c e her r C. Odd word out: o t s super It does not belong in the set because all the rest:

D. Odd word out:

It does not belong in the set because all the rest:

22 Brain teasers

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11

Venn diagrams

Name: Date:

You might not agree with some of these statements as you work through these exercises—but the main point is to learn Venn diagrams, so let’s assume that all of them are true. Use the patterns in the key boxes to shade carefully inside the Venn circles to show:

(a)

My key

(a) Some wild animals have fur (already done for you).

My key

(a) All apples have pips.

r o e t s Bo r e p ok u S

(b) All pears have pips.

(b) Some pet animals have fur.

(c) Some oranges have pips and some don’t.

The shaded part shows the wild animals that have fur.

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Teac he r

(b)

ANIMALS WITH FUR

FRUIT WITH PIPS

© R. I . C.Publ i cat i ons •f orr evi ew pur posesonl y• Now draw a circle to show that some pet animals have fur and some do not.

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(c)

(a) All milk is white.

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(b) Some paper is white.

My key

(a) Some cream is made into ice-cream.

o c . che e (c) One ofr many milk o products is ice-cream. r st super

(c) Some teeth are white.

WHITE THINGS

A challenge for you!

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My key

(b) Chocolate ice-cream is mostly ice-cream.

ICE-CREAM

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Brain teasers

23


12

Venn diagrams

Name:

Using these attributes—parents, women, tall—use the patterns in the key boxes to shade carefully inside the Venn circles to show:

(a)

(b)

My key

(a) All women.

My key

(a) All women who are mothers (parents).

(b) All tall women. (c) Tall fathers

Date:

r o e t s Bo r e p ok u S

(b) Men parents (fathers) – tall and short!

PARENTS

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(c) Women with no children.

WOMEN PARENTS

WOMEN

© R. I . C.Publ i cat i o ns TALL •f orr evi ew pur posesonl y• TALL

(c)

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(a) All tall women.

(b) Tall women who are mothers (parents). (c) Tall fathers.

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PARENTS

A challenge for you!

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My key

Men who are not tall and are not fathers. (HINT: You need to draw

My key

another circle or shape somewhere).

o c . che e r o t r s PARENTS WOMEN supe r WOMEN

TALL TALL

24 Brain teasers

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Name:

13

Venn diagrams

Date:

Use the patterns in the key boxes to shade carefully inside the Venn circles to show:

(a)

My key

(a) All taxis.

(b)

My key

Draw circles carefully to show:

(b) Fare-paying transport besides taxis (such as buses, trains, planes)

(a) About one-third of all farepaying transport is made up of buses.

r o e t s Bo r e p ok u S

FARE-PAYING TRANSPORT

CARS

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Teac he r

(b) Private cars.

FARE-PAYING TRANSPORT

© R. I . C.Publ i cat i ons •f orr evi ew pur posesonl y• BLACK

(c)

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(a) Show that ALL cars have WHEELS. Label your diagram neatly.

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(b) Draw another circle to show that ALL buses are wheeled.

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A challenge for you! (a) Draw a big circle and label it, to show that about half of all wheeled things are bikes (even if this isn’t actually true!).

o c . c e r CARS h er o t s super (c) Draw a circle in the right place to (b) Draw a circle to show SKATEBOARDS. Think carefully! Write in a label.

show HUMAN TRANSPORT—think of things like skis, planes, boats ... Think hard! Label it. (d) Draw a circle and label it to show BOATS.

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Brain teasers

25


Venn diagrams

Date:

Use the patterns in the key boxes to shade carefully inside the Venn circles to show:

(a)

My key

(a) All funny movies.

HUMOROUS

My key

Draw circles to show: (a) A small proportion of BOOKS are ADVENTURE books.

r o e t s Bo r e p ok u S MOVIES

(b) A small proportion of BOOKS are SCIENCE FICTION books.

ADVENTURE

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Teac he r

(b) Draw a circle to show ADVENTURE; label it, and shade in the part for adventure movies.

(b)

© R. I . C.Publ i cat i ons •f orr evi ew pAuchallenge r poses onl y• for you!

(c)

(a) Show that ALL humans are mammals. Label your diagram neatly.

w ww

(b) Draw another circle to show that ALL DOGS are mammals but not human.

(a) Draw a big circle and label it, to show that about half of all LIVING THINGS are PLANTS (even if this isn’t actually true!)

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14

Name:

(b) Draw a circle to show INSECTS. . Think carefully! Write in a label. tmammals are o (c) Show that ALLe c (c) Draw a circle in the. right place to ANIMALS. Label neatly! che e r o t r s super

HUMANS

26 Brain teasers

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Characteristic

Thinking: Vocabulary Thinking with analogies

15

Score: Name: Date:

Remember these analogies are for thing and characteristic.

1.

jet: airborne

2.

fish:

r o e t s Bo r e p ok u S

(white smooth, submerged)

food: tasty

as

sea:

(fishy, salty, old)

autumn: frosty

as

ice:

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Teac he r

3.

as

4.

sky: blue

(winter, cracks, cold)

as

banana:

5.

coffee: hot

(ripe, apple, yellow)

as

salad:

© R. I . C.Publ i cat i ons 6. bed: comfortable as saw: •f orr evi ew pur posesonl y•

(sweet, vegetable, fresh)

(sharp, light, expensive)

7.

letter: written

as

sandwich: (written, eaten, white)

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feather: light

as

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lead:

(heavy, weight, black)

. fairground: adventure: te fun as o c . c e heras r 10. wound: bleeding toothache: o t s super 9.

(expensive, jungle, exciting)

(fun, mouth, sore)

Challenge: Make your own analogy! Try it on a friend or your teacher. fairground: fun as R.I.C. Publications®

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27


Similar and opposite

16

Thinking: Vocabulary Thinking with analogies

Score:

Name: Date:

Remember these analogies are either ‘is the same as’ or ‘is the opposite of ’.

1.

push: pull

as

give:

r o e t s Bo r e p ok u S (receive, lend, down)

2.

cost: price

stem:

(root stalk, leaf)

3.

muddle: mess

as

magnify:

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as

4.

hairy: bald

(minify, big, enlarge)

as

shrink:

5.

6.

tasty: bland

(stretch, clothes, big)

as

top:

© R. I . C.Publ i cat i ons fast: quick as noise: •f orr evi ew pur posesonl y• (tip, end, bottom)

(quiet, thunder, sound)

7.

cut: snip

as

paste: (sticky, scissors, glue)

w ww

8. 9.

over: under

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hard: difficult

10. child: adult

as

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through:

(around, in, inside)

o c . che e r as start: o t r s super as

close:

(far, near, inside)

(finish, begin, inside)

Challenge: Make your own analogy! Try it on a friend or your teacher. over: under as

:

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28 Brain teasers

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) R.I.C. Publications®


Analogy mixture

Thinking: Vocabulary Thinking with analogies

17

Score: Name: Date:

A mixture of synonyms, antonyms and characteristics (‘is the same as’, ‘is the opposite of ’, and ‘is usually’).

1.

2.

as

toffee:

(sweet, vegetable, fresh)

vicious: cruel

as

scare:

(frighten, cry, entertain)

garbage: junk

as

unkind:

4.

(kind, mean, bad)

distant: near

as

powerful:

5.

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3.

r o e t s Bo r e p ok u S

puppy: playful

(strong, small, powerless)

fruit: juicy

as

saw:

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(sharp, light, expensive)

7.

(written, greasy, white)

sweet: tart

as

near: (heavy, sweet, distant)

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jet: airborne

as

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fish:

. te colourful as 9. firework: tiger: o c . che e r o t r 10. wound: heal as stitch: s s uper

(white, smooth, submerged)

(expensive, jungle, wild)

(fun, snip, sew)

Challenge: Make your own analogy! Try it on a friend or your teacher. fruit: juicy

as

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) Brain teasers

29


Thinking: Vocabulary Thinking with analogies

Part of a group

18

Score:

Name: Date:

Remember, these analogies are for a member to its group. In these following pairs of words, one is part of the other. Example: pupil (is par t of) a school: as bee (is par t of) a swarm

1.

ink: pen

r o e t s Bo r e p ok u S as

button:

(shirt, sew, sock)

2.

root: tree

3.

twig:

(tree, branch, leaf)

as

cloud: sky

salt:

4.

(rain, acid, ocean)

as

puppy: litter

caterpillar:

5.

(army, pack, herd)

as © R. I . C.Puflour: bl i cat i ons •lock f orr evi e u r posesonl y• bolt: as w p rung: cream: ice-cream

(bake, windmill, cake)

6.

(stairs, phone, ladder)

7.

w ww

8.

lace: shoe

9.

bed: bedroom

. te flame: candle

10. Earth: galaxy

as

monitor:

m . u

ew i ev Pr

Teac he r

as

(computer, prefect, watch)

as

books:

(shelf, bed, library)

o c . che e r o t r s supgalaxy: er as as

child:

(young, adult, family)

(Earth, stars, universe)

Challenge: Make your own analogy! Try it on a friend or your teacher. puppy: litter as

:

(

30 Brain teasers

,

, www.ricpublications.com.au

) R.I.C. Publications®


Analogy mixture

Thinking: Vocabulary Thinking with analogies

19

Score: Name: Date:

These analogies are a mixture of all these analogy types: synonyms/antonyms (is the same as/is the opposite of)

characteristics (is usually)

members (is par t of)

purpose (is used for, is used to)

Teac he r

r o e t s Bo r e p ok u S 2.

ew i ev Pr

Decide what the missing phrase is and write it on the line. Think carefully about which missing phrase you will use!

1.

ear: hear

as

coat: wear

as

love: adore

as

close: far

as

drawer: storing

push: shove

w ww

5.

present: wrapped

as

. te

6.

melon: juicy

m . u

© R. I . C.Pu bl i cat i ons 3. shiny: dull 4. o oven: baking • f orr evi ew pur p se sonl y•

picture: viewing as

notebook: writing

o c . e 7. fridge: white c 8. mountain: valley her r o t s super as comedy: funny as squeak: roar

9.

spice: taste

as

sugar: sweetener

R.I.C. Publications®

10. caterpillar: army as

lion: pride

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Brain teasers

31


Thinking: Vocabulary Thinking with analogies

Analogy mixture

20

Score:

Name: Date:

These analogies are a mixture of all the types of analogy covered so far. Think carefully about which missing phrase you will use!

1.

fruit: juicy

as

fire:

(sharp, orange, hot)

2.

gigantic: enormous

as

tiny:

3.

garbage: treasure

(minute, shrink huge)

as

unkind:

4.

(kind, mean, bad)

as © R. I . C.Purude: bl i cat i ons •f orr evi ew pur posesonl y•

powerful: weak

(strong, polite, powerless)

5.

puppy: playful

as

sugar:

(sweet, vegetable, brown)

7.

money: purchase

w ww

6.

8.

9.

. te

as

toaster:

(electric, toast, hot)

o c . c e he r brain: thinking as rod: o t r s super sweet: tart

as

punctual:

(heavy, distant, late)

(long, bamboo, fishing)

carpet: flat

as

wheel:

10. ear: hear

32 Brain teasers

m . u

ew i ev Pr

Teac he r

r o e t s Bo r e p ok u S

(bike, round, spoke)

as

needle:

(stitch, snip, sharp)

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R.I.C. Publications®


spotting problems

THINK OUTSIDE THE SQUARE

21

Name: Date:

Outside the shop

Your aim: To use creative and analytical thinking by looking at a situation from different angles in order to find possible alternative or underlying problems.

Number of ideas Original ideas Final total

r o e t s Bo r e p ok u S

ew i ev Pr

Teac he r

Method: Study the illustration. There could be many different problems rather than just the one which is immediately apparent to you. Put on your thinking cap and see how many possible problems you can list which could explain the situation in the picture.

Sample responses:

1. His shoes have been superglued™ together. 2. He’s broken the shop window.

3. He’s lost his © wallet. R. I . C.Publ i cat i ons 4. His shoelaces have been tied together.

•f orr evi ew pur posesonl y•

5. He’s actually inside the shop and he’s a plain, tired-out assistant.

m . u

w ww

6. He’s tripped over those pebbles in the picture. 7. He’s been waiting more than five minutes.

. te

o c 9. He found hec can’t return a sale item. . e h r e o 10. He’s just sitting onr the st sufootpath. per

8. The sale’s sold out.

11. There’s been a riot outside and he was hit on the head. 12. He’s waiting for his mum to come with money. 13. He’s acting in a movie and is waiting for the next ‘take’. 14. The black ‘shadows’ are from another dimension and are

invading his mind (hence hands on head).

R.I.C. Publications®

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Brain teasers

33


21

spotting problems

Name: Date:

THINK OUTSIDE THE SQUARE

Outside the shop Your aim: To use creative and analytical thinking by looking at a situation from different angles in order to find possible alternative or underlying problems.

r o e t s Bo r e p ok u S

ew i ev Pr

Teac he r

Method: Study the illustration. There could be many different problems rather than just the one which is immediately apparent to you. Put on your thinking cap and see how many possible problems you can list which could explain the situation in the picture.

w ww

. te

34 Brain teasers

m . u

© R. I . C.Publ i cat i ons •f orr evi ew pur posesonl y•

o c . che e r o t r s super

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R.I.C. Publications®


spotting problems

Name: Date:

r o e t s Bo r e p ok u S

ew i ev Pr

Teac he r

THINK OUTSIDE THE SQUARE

w ww

. te

Number of ideas R.I.C. Publications®

m . u

© R. I . C.Publ i cat i ons •f orr evi ew pur posesonl y•

o c . che e r o t r s super

www.ricpublications.com.au

Original ideas

Final total Brain teasers

35


22

spotting problems

Name: Date:

THINK OUTSIDE THE SQUARE

In the bedroom Your aim: To use creative and analytical thinking by looking at a situation from different angles in order to find possible alternative or underlying problems.

r o e t s Bo r e p ok u S

ew i ev Pr

Teac he r

Method: Study the illustration. There could be many different problems rather than just the one which is immediately apparent to you. Put on your thinking cap and see how many possible problems you can list which could explain the situation in the picture.

w ww

. te

36 Brain teasers

m . u

© R. I . C.Publ i cat i ons •f orr evi ew pur posesonl y•

o c . che e r o t r s super

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R.I.C. Publications®


spotting problems

Name: Date:

r o e t s Bo r e p ok u S

ew i ev Pr

Teac he r

THINK OUTSIDE THE SQUARE

w ww

. te

Number of ideas R.I.C. Publications®

m . u

© R. I . C.Publ i cat i ons •f orr evi ew pur posesonl y•

o c . che e r o t r s super

www.ricpublications.com.au

Original ideas

Final total Brain teasers

37


23

spotting problems

Name: Date:

THINK OUTSIDE THE SQUARE

On the phone Your aim: To use creative and analytical thinking by looking at a situation from different angles in order to find possible alternative or underlying problems.

r o e t s Bo r e p ok u S

ew i ev Pr

Teac he r

Method: Study the illustration. There could be many different problems rather than just the one which is immediately apparent to you. Put on your thinking cap and see how many possible problems you can list which could explain the situation in the picture.

w ww

. te

38 Brain teasers

m . u

© R. I . C.Publ i cat i ons •f orr evi ew pur posesonl y•

o c . che e r o t r s super

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R.I.C. Publications®


spotting problems

Name: Date:

r o e t s Bo r e p ok u S

ew i ev Pr

Teac he r

THINK OUTSIDE THE SQUARE

w ww

. te

Number of ideas R.I.C. Publications®

m . u

© R. I . C.Publ i cat i ons •f orr evi ew pur posesonl y•

o c . che e r o t r s super

www.ricpublications.com.au

Original ideas

Final total Brain teasers

39


24

spotting problems

Name: Date:

THINK OUTSIDE THE SQUARE

The door Your aim: To use creative and analytical thinking by looking at a situation from different angles in order to find possible alternative or underlying problems.

r o e t s Bo r e p ok u S

ew i ev Pr

Teac he r

Method: Study the illustration. There could be many different problems rather than just the one which is immediately apparent to you. Put on your thinking cap and see how many possible problems you can list which could explain the situation in the picture.

w ww

. te

40 Brain teasers

m . u

© R. I . C.Publ i cat i ons •f orr evi ew pur posesonl y•

o c . che e r o t r s super

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R.I.C. Publications®


spotting problems

Name: Date:

r o e t s Bo r e p ok u S

ew i ev Pr

Teac he r

THINK OUTSIDE THE SQUARE

w ww

. te

Number of ideas R.I.C. Publications®

m . u

© R. I . C.Publ i cat i ons •f orr evi ew pur posesonl y•

o c . che e r o t r s super

www.ricpublications.com.au

Original ideas

Final total Brain teasers

41


25

Want to be part of the group?

Name: Date:

AIM: To use analytical and creative thinking to find underlying problems relating to one overall problem. TASK

r o e t s Bo r e p ok u S

ew i ev Pr

Teac he r

1. Many different underlying problems can be lumped under one main problem. Sometimes, you can solve a problem by looking for what’s missing or looking from a different viewpoint. In a group, BRAINSTORM as many different things as you can which you look for in a good group

© R. I . C.Publ i cat i ons •f orr evi ew pur posesonl y•

w ww

. te

m . u

votes

o c . che e r o t r s super

42 Brain teasers

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R.I.C. Publications®


Want to be part of the group?

Name: Date:

2. VOTE in your group with a show of hands for problems caused by lack of the above that each of you personally has experienced. Enter the score in the boxes on the right of each underlying problem.

r o e t s Bo r e p okin a group are: The three most common important things to find u S 1st

3. RANK the underlying problems by entering the highest-scoring three on the lines below.

ew i ev Pr

Teac he r

2nd

3rd

© R. I . C.Publ i cat i ons •f orr evi ew pur posesonl y•

w ww

. te

m . u

4. NOW SUGGEST SOLUTIONS for these three problem situations:

o c . che e r o t r s super

R.I.C. Publications®

www.ricpublications.com.au

Brain teasers

43


26

In trouble with parents

Name: Date:

AIM: To use analytical and creative thinking to find underlying problems relating to one overall problem. TASK

r o e t s Bo r e p ok u S

ew i ev Pr

Teac he r

1. Many different underlying problems can be lumped under one main problem. Sometimes, you can solve a problem by looking for what’s missing or looking from a different viewpoint. In a group, BRAINSTORM as many different underlying problems as you can which could be causing someone your age to be in trouble with his or her parents.

© R. I . C.Publ i cat i ons •f orr evi ew pur posesonl y•

w ww

. te

m . u

votes

o c . che e r o t r s super

44 Brain teasers

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R.I.C. Publications®


In trouble with parents

Name: Date:

2. VOTE in your group with a show of hands for problems with parents that each of you personally has experienced. Enter the score in the boxes on the right of each underlying problem.

r o e t s Bo r e p okparents that our The three most common underlying problems with u group found Sare:

3. RANK the underlying problems by entering the highest-scoring three on the lines below.

ew i ev Pr

Teac he r

1st

2nd

© R. I . C.Publ i cat i ons •f orr evi ew pur posesonl y•

3rd

w ww

. te

m . u

4. NOW SUGGEST SOLUTIONS for these three problem situations:

o c . che e r o t r s super

R.I.C. Publications®

www.ricpublications.com.au

Brain teasers

45


27

A good teacher

Name: Date:

AIM: To use analytical and creative thinking to find underlying problems relating to one overall problem. TASK

r o e t s Bo r e p ok u S

ew i ev Pr

Teac he r

1. Many different underlying problems can be lumped under one main problem. Some people have difficulty with their teacher. Sometimes, you can solve a problem by looking for what’s missing or looking from another viewpoint. In a group, BRAINSTORM as many different things as you can which you look for in a good teacher.

© R. I . C.Publ i cat i ons •f orr evi ew pur posesonl y•

w ww

. te

m . u

votes

o c . che e r o t r s super

46 Brain teasers

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R.I.C. Publications®


A good teacher

Name: Date:

2. VOTE in your group with a show of hands for characteristics of good teachers that each of you personally has experienced. Enter the score in the boxes on the right of each underlying problem.

r o e t s Bo r e p okin a good teacher The three most common important things to find u that our group S found are:

3. RANK the underlying problems by entering the highest-scoring three on the lines below.

ew i ev Pr

Teac he r

1st

2nd

© R. I . C.Publ i cat i ons •f orr evi ew pur posesonl y•

3rd

w ww

. te

m . u

4. NOW SUGGEST SOLUTIONS for these three problem situations:

o c . che e r o t r s super

R.I.C. Publications®

www.ricpublications.com.au

Brain teasers

47


28

FORMING CRITERIA

Name:

Use it or lose it…

Date:

‘WOW – thanks – the PERFECT GIFT!’

Here’s your chance to practise using criteria in real life. You need to make up criteria for people to use before they choose you a present. Showing them this list might even help them to recognise that there are other alternatives too!

r o e t s Bo r e p ok u S

1. Discuss the following questions before you make up your criteria:

2.

Is anyone disturbed easily by noise in your family? How can some gifts avoid this?

Teac he r

Some gifts are boring after 2 or 3 days—why is this? What makes you treasure a gift for a long time?

ew i ev Pr

Some gifts delight you even though they weren’t expensive—what is it you like about them? Do you like doing things on your own or with others?

© R. I . C.Publ i cat i ons BRAINSTORM as a class alle the criteria youp now think are important forn al gift for• yourself. • f o r r v i e w u r p o s e s o y Then choose the five most important to you and write them in the grid below. Then, What if something breaks or doesn’t work properly?

1.

w ww

Criteria for a present for:

2. 3. 4.

. te

m . u

working ACROSS the rows, compare each gift. Score each out of 10. Think carefully!

o c . che e r o t r s super

5. Totals My best idea turned out to be: Share your list with your family—they should be impressed with the thought you’ve given to this… (and they might have other criteria they’d like to add!). 48 Brain teasers

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r i n k nnnn t i nk s nnnn

These are one-syllable rhyming pairs, along with a definition or clue for them. See if you can complete them!

29

Name: Date:

Hint: Work through the alphabet!

f a t c a t 1. unhappy father r o e t s B r e oo 2. one strand of furp from a grizzly u k S 3. five and five males

ew i ev Pr

Teac he r

Example: obese feline

4. soft footwear for a timepiece

5. communications equipment made of granite

© R. I . C.Publ i cat i ons •f orr evi ew pur posesonl y• 29 nnnn nnnn

w ww

These are one-syllable rhyming pairs, along with a definition or clue for them. See if you can complete them!

Date:

Hint: Work through the alphabet!

m . u

r i nk t i nk s

Name:

f a t c a t

. te o 1. unhappy father c . che e r o 2. one strand of fur fromr as grizzly t s uper Example: obese feline

3. five and five males

4. soft footwear for a timepiece

5. communications equipment made of granite R.I.C. Publications®

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Brain teasers

49


30

Name: Date:

r i n k nnnn t i nk s nnnn

These are one-syllable rhyming pairs, along with a definition or clue for them. See if you can complete them!

Hint: Work through the alphabet!

1. narrow container for rubbish

2. conversation with a

r o e t s B r e oo p u k 3. a rock all on itsS own

4. comic person’s cross look

5. a city painted

the colour of mud

ew i ev Pr

Teac he r

pronged eating utensil

© R. I . C.Publ i cat i ons •f orr evi ew pur posesonl y•

Date:

r i n k nnnn t i nk s nnnn

w ww

These are one-syllable rhyming pairs, along with a definition or clue for them. See if you can complete them!

Hint: Work through the alphabet!

m . u

30

Name:

. ea 2. conversationt with o c . che e pronged eating utensil r o t r s super 3. a rock all on its own 1. narrow container for rubbish

4. comic person’s cross look

5. a city painted the colour of mud 50 Brain teasers

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r i n k nnnn t i nk s nnnn

31

Name: Date:

Now you try! Find a rhyming word to make the rink-tink, then make up a clue for someone else.This would make a great wall display and get some head-scratching going on. Remember to work through the alphabet if you need help. 1. HAIRY

2. COUNTER

r o e t s Bo r e p ok u S Your clue:

4. LIPPY

Your clue:

5. AWESOME

Your clue:

Your clue:

ew i ev Pr

Teac he r

3. FENDER

Your clue:

© R. I . C.Publ i cat i ons •f orr evi ew pur posesonl y• 31 nnnn nnnn

r i nk t i nk s

Name: Date:

1. HAIRY 2.

. te COUNTER

3. FENDER

Your clue:

m . u

w ww

Now you try! Find a rhyming word to make the rink-tink, then make up a clue for someone else.This would make a great wall display and get some head-scratching going on. Remember to work through the alphabet if you need help.

o c . che e r o t r s super Your clue: Your clue:

4. LIPPY

Your clue:

5. AWESOME

Your clue:

R.I.C. Publications®

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Brain teasers

51


32

t i nk y r i n k y nnnnn nnnnn

Name: Date:

These are 2-syllable rhyming words. Find rhyming words to make the rinky-tinky. This would make a great wall display and get some head-scratching going on! 1. SILLY

Your clue:

2. HAPPY

5. SAUCY

Your clue:

Your clue:

ew i ev Pr

4. PEOPLE

r o e t s Bo r e p ok u S Your clue:

Teac he r

3. DINNER

Your clue:

Challenge: Make up some of your very own rink-tinks. And think about making up a RINKETY-TINKETY. These are really hard!

© R. I . C.Publ i cat i ons •f orr evi ew pur posesonl y•

32

t i nk y r i n k y nnnnn nnnnn

Name: Date:

w ww

1. SILLY

2. HAPPY

3. DINNER 4. PEOPLE

. te

Your clue:

m . u

These are 2-syllable rhyming words. Find rhyming words to make the rinky-tinky. This would make a great wall display and get some head-scratching going on!

o c . che e r Your clue: o t r s super

Your clue:

Your clue:

Your clue:

5. SAUCY Challenge: Make up some of your very own rink-tinks. And think about making up a RINKETY-TINKETY. These are really hard!

52 Brain teasers

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Creative thinking activity

33

BRAIN BUSTER

Your product:

A universal lock (i.e. any key opens it) Your task:

r o e t s Bo r e p ok u S

1. Brainstorm uses for your product with a group.

Brainstormed uses for our product:

ew i ev Pr

Names of our design and marketing team:

Teac he r

© R. I . C.Publ i cat i ons •f orr evi ew pur posesonl y•

w ww

. te

m . u

o c . che 3. Design a logo. e r o t r sthe four golden rules: up er 4. Make an advertisement for your s product. Remember 2. Each choose YOUR personal favourite and create a name for your product.

(a) Catch their attention—use an attention grabber!

(b) Give them a couple of facts to get them interested in reading further.

(c) Give details about its uses.

(d) Tell them why they NEED this product and where they can get it.

5. Invent a jingle for the radio, which you can sing to a well-known tune. R.I.C. Publications®

www.ricpublications.com.au

Brain teasers

53


34

Creative thinking activity

BRAIN BUSTER

Your product:

A reverse lightbulb -it sucks in light Your task:

r o e t s Bo r e p ok u S

1. Brainstorm uses for your product with a group.

ew i ev Pr

Names of our design and marketing team:

Teac he r

Brainstormed uses for our product:

© R. I . C.Publ i cat i ons •f orr evi ew pur posesonl y•

w ww

m . u

. te

o c . che 3. Design a logo. e r o t r s sRemember per 4. Make an advertisement for your product.u the four golden rules: 2. Each choose YOUR personal favourite and create a name for your product.

(a) Catch their attention—use an attention grabber!

(b) Give them a couple of facts to get them interested in reading further.

(c) Give details about its uses.

(d) Tell them why they NEED this product and where they can get it.

5. Invent a jingle for the radio, which you can sing to a well-known tune. 54 Brain teasers

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Creative thinking activity

35

BRAIN BUSTER

Your product:

Nails which explode when inserted Your task:

r o e t s Bo r e p ok u S

1. Brainstorm uses for your product with a group.

Brainstormed uses for our product:

ew i ev Pr

Names of our design and marketing team:

Teac he r

© R. I . C.Publ i cat i ons •f orr evi ew pur posesonl y•

w ww

. te

m . u

o c . che 3. Design a logo. e r o t r sthe four golden rules: up er 4. Make an advertisement for your s product. Remember 2. Each choose YOUR personal favourite and create a name for your product.

(a) Catch their attention—use an attention grabber!

(b) Give them a couple of facts to get them interested in reading further.

(c) Give details about its uses.

(d) Tell them why they NEED this product and where they can get it.

5. Invent a jingle for the radio, which you can sing to a well-known tune. R.I.C. Publications®

www.ricpublications.com.au

Brain teasers

55


36

Creative thinking activity

BRAIN BUSTER

Your product:

Plates (for food) which can hover for five minutes Your task:

r o e t s Bo r e p ok u S

1. Brainstorm uses for your product with a group.

ew i ev Pr

Names of our design and marketing team:

Teac he r

Brainstormed uses for our product:

© R. I . C.Publ i cat i ons •f orr evi ew pur posesonl y•

w ww

m . u

. te

o c . che 3. Design a logo. e r o t r s sRemember per 4. Make an advertisement for your product.u the four golden rules: 2. Each choose YOUR personal favourite and create a name for your product.

(a) Catch their attention—use an attention grabber!

(b) Give them a couple of facts to get them interested in reading further.

(c) Give details about its uses.

(d) Tell them why they NEED this product and where they can get it.

5. Invent a jingle for the radio, which you can sing to a well-known tune. 56 Brain teasers

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Date:

Name:

Design it!

Design an improvement for your family car. Think of problems you have on long trips; for example sun, space, storage. Your idea must be practical and workable, and solve a specific problem.

37

Realistic practical Imaginary impractical

r o e t s Bo r e p ok u S

ew i ev Pr

Teac he r

Write a few sentences to describe how your solution works. Then draw a diagram of it, with labelled parts.

w ww

. te

R.I.C. Publications®

m . u

© R. I . C.Publ i cat i ons •f orr evi ew pur posesonl y•

o c . che e r o t r s super

www.ricpublications.com.au

Brain teasers

57


38

Design it!

Name:

Date:

Design the perfect bedroom for yourself.

Realistic practical Imaginary impractical

r o e t s Bo r e p ok u S

ew i ev Pr

Teac he r

Write a few sentences to describe how your solution works. Then draw a diagram of it, with labelled parts.

w ww

. te

58 Brain teasers

m . u

© R. I . C.Publ i cat i ons •f orr evi ew pur posesonl y•

o c . che e r o t r s super

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R.I.C. Publications®


Date:

Name:

Design it!

Design a way of feeding your pet through a chain reaction begun by you turning on the kitchen tap. (Using pulleys, ramps etc. will help here.)

39

Realistic practical Imaginary impractical

r o e t s Bo r e p ok u S

ew i ev Pr

Teac he r

Write a few sentences to describe how your solution works. Then draw a diagram of it, with labelled parts.

w ww

. te

R.I.C. Publications®

m . u

© R. I . C.Publ i cat i ons •f orr evi ew pur posesonl y•

o c . che e r o t r s super

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Brain teasers

59


40

Design it!

Name:

Date:

Design the perfect lunchbox for yourself!

Realistic practical Imaginary impractical

r o e t s Bo r e p ok u S

ew i ev Pr

Teac he r

Write a few sentences to describe how your solution works. Then draw a diagram of it, with labelled parts.

w ww

. te

60 Brain teasers

m . u

© R. I . C.Publ i cat i ons •f orr evi ew pur posesonl y•

o c . che e r o t r s super

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8

Find the set page 19

A. 14 – rest are single-digit

7 – rest are not prime numbers

11

answers Venn diagrams page 25

(a)

(b)

B. paddle – rest are on land (no water)

hop – rest involve two feet

C. swarm – rest involve groups of animals

ANIMALS WITH FUR

FRUIT WITH PIPS

r o e t s Bo r e p o u (c) kChallenge S

(note: knot = a group of frogs)

knot – rest refer only to groups of living things

WILD ANIMALS

D. square – rest are only parts, not shapes radius – rest have an ‘e’

9

Find the set page 21

ICE-CREAM

A. China – rest are continents

ew i ev Pr

segment – rest refer only to geometry

Teac he r

WHITE THINGS

Antarctica – rest are free from a covering of ice all year Europe – rest have an ‘a’

© R. I . C.Publ i cat i ons black – rest are formed by spectrum • f ofacts rr evi ew pur posesonl y• C. novel – rest contain

B. cream – rest aren’t edible

novel – rest have an ‘a’

diary – rest are printed/published

D. drake – rest are mammals/have fur/have teeth

w ww

12

Venn diagrams page 26

(a)

(b)

vixen – rest are male

10

. te

Find the set page 23

HUMAN PARENTS

WOMEN

HUMAN PARENTS

WOMEN

o c . che e r o t r s super Challenge

A. cube – rest are three-dimensional (3-D)

m . u

circle – rest are formed of straight lines

TALL

TALL

B. cucumber – rest are vegetables

sprout – rest are only nouns (sprout is also a verb)

C. trumpet – rest are woodwind (including the saxophone)

flute – rest are played at right angles to the mouth (flute is played sideways)

D.

centipede – rest are insects

mosquito – rest eat solid food

(c)

HUMAN PARENTS

WOMEN HUMAN PARENTS

WOMEN

TALL TALL

R.I.C. Publications®

www.ricpublications.com.au

Brain teasers

61


answers  continued

13

15

Venn diagrams page 27

(a)

(b)

FARE-PAYING TRANSPORT

Characteristic page 29

1. submerged buses (includes housebuses etc)

CARS

FARE-PAYING TRANSPORT

2. salty 3. cold 4. yellow

r o e t s Bo r e p ok u S Challenge 5. fresh

6. sharp

BLACK

7. eaten

9. exciting 10. sore

has wheels

CARS

skateboards

16

Similar and opposite page 31

1. receive

bikes

2. stalk

enlarge © R. I . C.Pub3.4.l i cat i ons stretch 5.p bottom •f orr evi ew pur osesonl y• human transport

has wheels

buses

14

ew i ev Pr

6. sound

Venn diagrams page 28

7. glue

(a)

8. around

(b)

w ww

HUMOROUS

MOVIES

adventure

9. near

. te

10. finish

ADVENTURE

books

17

m . u

(c)

Teac he r

8. heavy

o c . che e r o t r s super Challenge

sci-fi

Analogy mixture page 32

1. frighten 2. mean

3. powerless

(c)

4. sweet rocks insects HUMAN

mammals dogs

living things plants

5. sharp 6. greasy 7. distant 8. submerged 9. wild

animals

62 Brain teasers

10. snip www.ricpublications.com.au

R.I.C. Publications®


answers

18

continued

Similar, opposite and usually page 33

1. branch 2. shirt 3. ocean 4. army 5. cake 6. ladder 7. computer 9. family

10. universe

19

Analogy mixture 35

1. used to

2. same as

3. the opposite

ew i ev Pr

Teac he r

8. library

r o e t s Bo r e p ok u S

© R . I . C . P u b l i c a t i o n s 5. is usually f orr evi ew pur posesonl y• 6. is used for • 4. is used for

7. is usually 9. is used for

w ww

10. is part of

20 1. hot

2. minute 3. kind 4. polite 5. sweet

. te

Analogy mixture page 36

m . u

8. the opposite

o c . che e r o t r s super

6. toast 7. late 8. fishing 9. round 10. stitch

R.I.C. Publications®

www.ricpublications.com.au

Brain teasers

63

Brain Teasers: Book 3 - Ages 11+  

Brain Teasers is a series of three blackline master books - each containing a number of short, five-to ten-minute activities to stimulate th...

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