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RIC-6364 5.7/1341


Beginning geography (Ages 6–8) Published by R.I.C. Publications® 2013 under licence from Evan-Moor® Educational Publishers Copyright© 2010 Evan-Moor® Educational Publishers This version copyright© R.I.C. Publications® 2013 ISBN 978-1-922116-44-4 RIC– 6364

Titles available in this series:

A number of pages in this book are worksheets. The publisher licenses the individual teacher who purchased this book to photocopy these pages to hand out to students in their own classes. Except as allowed under the Copyright Act 1968, any other use (including digital and online uses and the creation of overhead transparencies or posters) or any use by or for other people (including by or for other teachers, students or institutions) is prohibited. If you want a licence to do anything outside the scope of the BLM licence above, please contact the Publisher.

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All material identified by is material subject to copyright under the Copyright Act 1968 (Cth) and is owned by the Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority 2013. For all Australian Curriculum material except elaborations: This is an extract from the Australian Curriculum. Elaborations: This may be a modified extract from the Australian Curriculum and may include the work of other authors. Disclaimer: ACARA neither endorses nor verifies the accuracy of the information provided and accepts no responsibility for incomplete or inaccurate information. In particular, ACARA does not endorse or verify that: • The content descriptions are solely for a particular year and subject; • All the content descriptions for that year and subject have been used; and • The author’s material aligns with the Australian Curriculum content descriptions for the relevant year and subject. You can find the unaltered and most up to date version of this material at http://www.australiancurriculum.edu.au/ This material is reproduced with the permission of ACARA.

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Beginning geography (Ages 6–8) Exploring geography: Africa (Ages 8–12+) Exploring geography: Antarctica (Ages 8–12+) Exploring geography: Asia (Ages 8–12+) Exploring geography: Australia & Oceania (Ages 8–12+) Exploring geography: Europe (Ages 8–12+) Exploring geography: North America (Ages 8–12+) Exploring geography: South America (Ages 8–12+)

Copyright Notice

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Internet websites In some cases, websites or specific URLs may be recommended. While these are checked and rechecked at the time of publication, the publisher has no control over any subsequent changes which may be made to webpages. It is strongly recommended that the class teacher checks all URLs before allowing students to access them.

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BEGINNING GEOGRAPHY CONTENTS

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Section 1: Map skills ................................................................................................... 2–37 Section 2: Landforms and bodies of water ............................................................... 38–70

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Section 3: Continents and oceans ........................................................................... 71–96

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Section 4: Around the world with animals ............................................................... 97–105

Answers .................................................................................................................. 106–111

GEOGRAPHICAL KNOWLEDGE AND UNDERSTANDING Foundation

• The representation of the location of places and their features on maps and a globe (ACHGK001)

• The places people live in and belong to, their familiar features and why they are important to people (ACHGK002)

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Year 1

• The natural, managed and constructed features of places, their location, how they change and how they can be cared for (ACHGK005)

• The ways the activities located in a place create its distinctive features (ACHGK007)

Year 2

• The location of the major geographical divisions of the world in relation to Australia (ACHGK009)

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GEOGRAPHICAL INQUIRY AND SKILLS

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Foundation Year 1

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• The definition of places as parts of the earth’s surface that have been given meaning by people, and how places can be defined at a variety of scales (ACHGK010)

• Present information using everyday language to describe location and direction

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(ACHGS005)

• Collecting, recording, evaluating and representing: Represent data and the location of places and their features by constructing tables, plans and labelled maps (ACHGS009)

• Interpreting, analysing and concluding: Draw conclusions based on the interpretation of geographical information sorted into categories (ACHGS010) • Communicating: Present findings in a range of communication forms, for example,

written, oral, digital and visual, and describe the direction and location of places using terms such as north, south, opposite, near, far (ACHGS011) Year 2

• Collecting, recording, evaluating and representing: Represent data and the location of places and their features by constructing tables, plans and labelled maps (ACHGS015) • Interpreting, analysing and concluding: Draw conclusions based on the interpretation of geographical information sorted into categories (ACHGS016) • Communicating: Present findings in a range of communication forms, for example,

written, oral, digital and visual, and describe the direction and location of places using terms such as north, south, opposite, near, far (ACHGS017)

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Beginning geography

iii


C T I ON SE

1

Map skills In this section of Beginning Geography, students learn basic map skills.

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Reproducible activity pages

There are 31 activity pages that cover 9 map skills. Page 3 provides a detailed table of contents for the Map skills section. The activity pages vary in difficulty, allowing you to match them to students’ learning levels.

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NOTE: The activity pages are intended for direct instruction with the whole class or small groups. Read the statement of the concept being presented and the activity directions to the students. For students at lower reading levels, it is recommended that you also read the activity items together.

Assessments

Three map skills reviews (pages 35−37) follow the skill activity pages. These pages may be used as a review or as a formal assessment of students’ skill acquisition. The review pages vary in difficulty. Choose one or more that are appropriate to your students’ needs.

© R. I . C.Publ i cat i ons •f orr evi ew pur posesonl y• Name

Name

Name

Map skills

Map skills

Map skills

Review 3

Review 2

Review 1

Tick the box next to the correct answer.

Choose the correct words to name each drawing.

Write the directions on the compass rose.

N = north S = south E = east

compass rose

grid square

map scale

state border

1. A map key has

map key

directions

symbol

Scale 1

0

Match each thing to its map symbol.

forest •

school •

border

map grid East Forest

city

South Forest

river

Timberland

2

3

Oceanside

B

C

D

Lake Erie

Toledo

Dayton

Cleveland

Akron

OHIO

Columbus

Cambridge

Portsmouth

Beginning geography

Beginning geography

Oceanside

.

compass rose

35

is pointing

down

right

2. How does a map key help you read a map?

. left

o c . che e r o t r s super 2. A map is a sign

of a place from above. name

directions

Beginning geography

symbols

3. A map scale shows 1 cm = 10 km. How many kilometres apart are two places that are 3 centimetres apart on the map?

drawing

.

3. North, south, east and west are called

36

3C

1. What are the four main directions?

Circle the correct answer.

1. This arrow

A6

Answer the questions.

Dark Plain Misty Woods

Cincinnati

4

2

river

Michigan

Lima

Timberland

city

. te 1

North Forest

5B

South Forest

capital

map key

A

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map

4. Which of these is a correct grid location on a map?

Name each picture.

capital

. grid

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city

3. The dividing line between two places is called a border

hi oR ive r

playground •

borders

1

1 cm = 1 km

O

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petrol station •

symbols

2. Lines that form squares on a map make a

A

W = west

that stand for places on the map.

kilometres

borders

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Beginning geography

37

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Concept

Activity

Activity description

What is a map?

follow teacher-read directions to locate and colour items in a bedroom

4

Looking at a map

follow teacher-read directions to show items on a map of a school’s grounds

5

Places on a map

locate places on a more detailed map

6

use left and right to show direction

7

use left, right, up and down to show direction

8

Treasure hunt

follow teacher-read directions to locate a treasure

9

Which way?

use north, south, east and west to locate items

1

What is a map?

2

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11

Around the town

use cardinal directions to find places on a map

12

A compass rose

place cardinal directions on a compass rose

13

Compass A fancy compass rose design a fancy compass rose rose

© R. I . C .Publ i cat i ons identify the ‘real things’ map symbols stand for • f or evi e wp ur ose s onl y• Symbols onr maps match labels to p common map symbols Using a compass rose

Map symbols

Name that symbol

Map key

9

17

colour to match map key symbols with places

19

write what the map symbols stand for

20

use the map key to locate places on a map

21

Making a map key

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How far is it?

count squares to find distances between animals

22

learn to recognise and understand a map scale

23 24, 25

Using a map scale

use a map scale to find the distance on a map

What is a border?

learn to recognise a border on a map

26

learn to recognise a state border

27

Australian borders

answer questions about borders

28, 29

What is a map grid?

learn what a map grid is and answer questions

Making a map grid

correctly place grid squares to make a map

31, 32

Using a map grid

use a map grid to locate cities in Ohio

33, 34

Borders A state border on a map

Map grids

16

What is a map key?

Distance What is a map scale? on a map

8

15

18

Reading a map key

7

14

Drawing map symbols create new map symbols

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6

use a compass rose to find places on a map

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5

10

use cardinal directions to draw things on a map

Cardinal On the farm directions

4

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Left or right?

Positional At the zoo words

3

Page

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Beginning geography

30

3


Name

What is a map?

A map is a drawing of a place from above. A map shows where things are.

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This is a map of Ben’s bedroom. Listen and follow directions.

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1. Colour the bed red.

4. Colour the table purple.

2. Colour the rug yellow.

5. Colour the chest of drawers brown.

3. Colour the toy box green.

4

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Beginning geography

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Name

Looking at a map

A map is a drawing of a place from above. A map shows where things are.

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This map shows a school. Listen and follow directions.

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1. Colour the building red.

4. Colour the tree green.

2. Draw a circle around the sandpit.

5. Draw a child on the footpath.

3. Mark an X on the cars. www.ricpublications.com.au. R.I.C. Publications®

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Places on a map

A map is a drawing of a place from above. A map shows where things are.

This map shows a town.

Brown Street

Main Street

Green Street

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Yellow Avenue

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© R. I . C.Publ i cat i ons •f orr evi ew pur posesonl y• Pink Avenue

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o c . c e 1. The school is on Avenue. r her o st super 2. You go into the petrol station from Street. Fill in the blanks to complete the sentences.

3. Kari and Kim live on

Avenue.

4. Brown Street goes by the school and the 5. Green Street and 6

Beginning geography

. Street go by the park. R.I.C. Publications® www.ricpublications.com.au.


Name

cat

Left and right are directions that help you find things.

r o e t s Bo r e p ok u S dog bird rabbit

Which direction would you go? Draw

1. From the bird to the rabbit

or

.

fish

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Teac he r

Left or right?

3. From the fish to the bird

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4. From the dog to the rabbit

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© R. I . C.Publ i cat i ons 2. From the dog to the cat •f orr evi ew pur posesonl y•

o c . 5. From the cat toc the fish e her r o t s super

6. From the rabbit to the dog

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Beginning geography

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At the zoo

Left, right, up and down are directions.

lef t

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at

im

P al

An

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up

right

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Wild Way

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Snak Shack

o c . Circle the correct answer. che e r o t r s super 1. Which animal is up at the top? down

2. Which animal is down at the bottom? 3. Which animal is to the left of the bear? 4. Which animal is to the right of the bear?

8

Beginning geography

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Name

Treasure hunt

Left, right, up and down are directions.

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up

right

lef t

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down

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© R. I . C.Publ i cat i ons •f orr evi ew pur posesonl y•

Listen and follow directions. Use a coloured pencil to draw a route to the buried treasure.

o c . 1. Start at the ship. 5. Go along the river. Go down che e r tot the ovillage. r s super 2. Go up to the lake. 3. Go left to the cave.

4. Go down to the log. Cross the river.

6. Go up to the three rocks.

7. Go to the rock on the right. 8. Mark an X below the rock.

What treasure did you find? Draw it on the back of this paper.

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Which way?

The four main directions on a map are north, south, east and west.

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Teac he r

north

You are here.

west

east

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© R. I . C.Publ i cat i ons •f orr evi ew pur posesonl y•

o c . che Start at X. Write the direction: north, south, east or west.e r o t r s suthee r 1. Look to seep car. south

2. Look

to see the bike.

3. Look

to see the truck.

4. Look

to see the bus.

10

Beginning geography

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Name

On the farm

The four main directions on a map are north, south, east and west.

r o e t s Bo r e p ok u S

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Teac he r

north

west

east

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© R. I . C.Publ i cat i ons •f orr evi ew pur posesonl y•

o c . Follow the directions cinhorder. e r e o t r s su 1. Draw a house south of the cow. per south

2. Draw an apple tree west of the horse. 3. Draw a truck north of the tractor. 4. Draw a chicken south of the barn. 5. Draw a pig east of the chicken. www.ricpublications.com.au. R.I.C. Publications®

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Around the town

The four main directions on a map are north, south, east and west.

r o e t s Bo r e p ok u S

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Teac he r

north

Oak Street

west

east

Pine Street

Maple Street

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Joe’s Home

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Park Street

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south

o c . 1. From the bank to the fire station, go . ch e r er o t s s r u e p 2. Park Street is of Oak Street. Read. Write north, south, east or west.

3. To mail a letter, Joe walks 4. The hospital is 5. The supermarket is

12

Beginning geography

. of the supermarket. of Maple Street.

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Name

A compass rose

A compass rose is a map symbol that shows directions.

N stands for north

E stands for east

W stands for west r o e t s Bo r e p ok u S

S stands for south

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Teac he r

Cut out the direction words below. Glue them on the compass rose.

glue

© R. I . C.PuNbl i cat i ons •f o rr evi e w pur pos eson l y• glue glue W E

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north

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S

o c . che e r o t r s super glue

south

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east

west

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A fancy compass rose

A compass rose is a map symbol that shows directions.

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This compass rose is plain. Make it fancy. Label it with N, S, E and W.

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You can find plain and fancy compass roses on maps. Look at these compass roses. Which one do you like best?

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Beginning geography

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o c . che e r o t r s super

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Name

A compass rose is a map symbol that shows directions.

r o e t s Bo r e p ok u S

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Teac he r

Using a compass rose

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Circle the answers. Use the compass rose to help you.

o c . 1. Which one is Nc of the dog? tyre swing garden e her r o t s super 2. Which one is W of the table? swings sandpit 3. Which one is S of the sandpit?

umbrella

garden

4. Which one is E of the scarecrow?

swings

kennel

5. Which way does the fence run?

N and S

E and W

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Beginning geography

15


Name

A map symbol is a drawing that stands for something real.

Name that symbol

Look at the symbols. Write the word that each symbol could stand for on a map.

3.

2

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4.

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5.

1

4

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6.

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2.

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1.

Teac he r

bridge

r o e t s Broad r e oo school farm p lake library u k S

5

o c . che e r o t r s super 6

Use the numbered letters to complete the sentence.

I am on a map. I stand for a real thing. I am a 16

Beginning geography

5

6

1

4

3

2

.

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Name

Symbols on maps

A map symbol is a drawing that stands for something real.

Match each symbol with the name.

5.

6.

• hospital

• airport

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4.

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2.

3.

r o e t s B r • road e oo p u k S •

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1.

. te o c • • mountain . che e r o t r s super •

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• river

Beginning geography

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Name

Drawing map symbols

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Pictures

A map symbol is a drawing that stands for something real. There are different kinds of map symbols.

Shapes city

capital

Patterns

© R. I . C .Publ i cat i o ns desert ocean •f orr evi ew pur posesonl y•

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library

18

Beginning geography

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Pretend you are a mapmaker. What kinds of symbols would you use to show these things on a map?

o c . che e r o t r s super lake

park

bike path

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Name

A map key is a list of symbols on a map. A map key tells what the symbols stand for.

r o e t s Bo r e p ok u S

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Teac he r

What is a map key?

Map Key

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© R. I . C.Publ i cat i ons •f orr evi ew pur posesonl y•

o c . che Map key r e o r st super camping ground lake path

woods

Follow the directions to colour the map.

1. Colour each symbol on the map key a different colour. www.ricpublications.com.au. R.I.C. Publications®

2. Then colour the pictures on the map to match the key. Beginning geography

19


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Making a map key

r o e t s Bo r e p ok u S

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Teac he r

Exit

A map key is a list of symbols on a map. A map key tells what the symbols stand for.

Main level

Food court

Escalator

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Complete the map key. Write the name of each building next to the correct symbol.

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Map key

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Main entrance

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music store sports store pet store

20

Beginning geography

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Name

A map key is a list of symbols on a map. A map key tells what the symbols stand for.

r o e t s Bo r e p ok u S

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Teac he r

Reading a map key

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. te answer. o Circle the correct c . Use the map key toc help you. e h r e o t r 1. Which symbol stands fors au river? s per

2. The campground is next to the

.

3. The river and the path meet at the

.

4. To go from the woods to the lake, walk 5. The camping ground is

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of the river.

.

hills

lake

lake

bridge

north

south

north

south

Beginning geography

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Name

How far is it?

A map can show how far it is from one place to another. This is called distance.

r o e t s Bo r e p ok u S The distance is 4 squares.

Count the squares to find the distance.

© R. I . C.Publ i cat i ons squares •f orr evi ew pur posesonl y•

1.

squares

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2.

3.

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Teac he r

Look at the two dogs. Count the squares to find the distance between them.

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squares

o c . che e r o 4. The longest distance is between the t r s super and the

.

5. The shortest distance is between the and the

22

Beginning geography

.

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Name

What is a map scale?

A map scale can help show distance. A map scale is like part of a ruler.

Here is a map scale. 1 centimetre stands for 1 kilometre. So, 2 centimetres would stand for 2 kilometres.

r o e t s Bo r e p ok u S

Teac he r

0

1

1 cm = 1 km

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Yummy Town

Scale

Map key

7 cm

bakery

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ice-cream shop

. te Answer the questions. o c . che e r o t r s cm = 1. From the to the s ? e r up

km

2. From the

to the

?

cm =

km

3. From the

to the

?

cm =

km

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Beginning geography

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Using a map scale

A map scale is a way to measure distance. It tells what measurement equals what distance. Scale

r o e t s Bo r e p ok u S 0

1 cm = 1 km

Cut out the ruler below. Use the scale and the ruler to answer the questions about Maya’s fun time map on page 25.

This is Maya.

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3. movies

km

4. zoo

km

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2. swimming pool

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9

10

8

9

7

7

10

6

11 6

11

5

12 5

12

13

14

15

16

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4

13 4

3

14 3

2

15 2

17 24

1

o c . che e r o t r s super km

16

17

1

5. toy store

0

1. park

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How many kilometres is it from Maya’s house to the

0

1

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Teac he r

Here is a map scale. 1 centimetre stands for 1 kilometre. So, 2 centimetres would stand for 2 kilometres.

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Name

This map shows the places Maya likes to go to have fun. Look at the scale. It shows that 1 centimetre on the map equals 1 kilometre.

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Maya’s house

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Teac he r

Maya’s fun time map

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© R. I . C.Publ i cat i ons •f orr evi ew pur posesonl y•

o c . che e r o t r s super TOYS

Scale

0

1

1 cm = 1 km

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Beginning geography

25


Name

What is a border?

A border is a dividing line between two places on a map.

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Talking Trees Forest

Elf Acres

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Teac he r

This is a map of the places in Fairy Tale World.

Giants’ ©Garden R. I . C.Publ i cat i ons

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•f orr evi ew pur posesonl y•

. tebetween Giants’ Garden and Unicorn Fieldoin green. 1. Trace the border c . che e r 2. Use orange to trace the border of Elf Acres. o r st super Listen and follow directions.

3. Trace the border between Giants’ Garden and Talking Trees Forest in red.

4. Which place has a border with four sides? 5. Does Elf Acres border Talking Trees Forest?

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Name

A border is a dividing line between two places on a map.

A state border

r o e t s Bo r e p ok u S North

ew i ev Pr

Teac he r

This map shows five states.

Forest East Forest South Forest

© R. I . C.Publ i cat i ons •f orr evi ew pur po sesonl y• Oceanside

w ww

m . u

Timberland

. te o 1. Trace the border of North Forest in red. c . che e r o t r 2. Trace the border between South Forest and Timberland in yellow. s super Follow the directions.

3. On this map, East Forest shares a border with

states.

4. Does North Forest share a border with Oceanside? 5. Which state shares a border with four other states?

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27


Name

Australian borders

A border is a dividing line between two places on a map.

Look at the map of Australia below.

r o e t s Bo r e p ok u S

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Teac he r

There are 6 states and 2 territories of different shapes and sizes in Australia. alia. The borders are the dividing lines between the state states.

w ww

. te

m . u

© R. I . C.Publ i cat i ons •f orr evi ew pur posesonl y•

o c . ch e 1. Colour the three states that share a border with the Northern Territory r e o r st super blue.

Use the map of Australia on page 29 to complete the directions.

2. Colour the only state that borders the Australian Capital Territory green. 3. Use yellow to colour the state that borders New South Wales on the south. 4. Use red to trace the border of Tasmania. 5. Mark an X on the two largest states. 28

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South Australia

Tasmania

Victoria

Queensland

New South Wales

r o e t s Bo r e p ok u S

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Teac he r

Australian Capital Territory

Name

m . u

Western Australia

Australian map

w ww

. te

Northern Territory

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o c . che e r o t r s super

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Name

What is a map grid? A

B

C

r o e t s Bo r e p ok u The monkeys are S in square A1.

ew i ev Pr

Teac he r

1

A map grid is a pattern of lines that form squares. Each square on a map grid has a letter and a number.

2

3

m . u

© R. I . C.Publ i cat i ons •f orr evi ew pur posesonl y•

w ww

Look at this map grid. Circle the correct answer.

. te is in square . A3 B3 o c . che e r o 2. In square C1 there is a . r st super 1. The

3. The

is in square

4. In square C2 there is a

30

Beginning geography

.

A2

B2

.

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Name

Making a map grid

Each square on a map grid has a letter and a number. A map grid helps you find places on the map.

B

C

© R. I . C.Publ i cat i ons •f orr evi ew pur posesonl y•

w ww

2

A

. te

m . u

1

r o e t s Bo r e p ok u S

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Teac he r

Cut out the squares on page 32. Glue the squares in the correct places on this map grid.

o c . che e r o t r s super

3

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31


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Making a map grid These squares will make a map when you glue them on page 31.

r o e t B3 B s r e oo p u k S C3

A3

C1

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Teac he r

A1

B2

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A2

C2

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B1

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Name

Using a map grid

Each square on a map grid has a letter and a number. A map grid helps you find places on the map.

r o e t s Bo r e p ok u S

Now find the capital of Ohio. It is Columbus. Columbus is located at B3.

ew i ev Pr

Teac he r

Look at the map of the state of Ohio on page 34. Trace the border of the state with your finger.

© R. I . C.Publ i cat i ons 1. In which square is the city of Dayton found? •f orr evi ew pur posesonl y•

Use the map grid to help you answer the questions.

w ww

3. Which city is the furthest north? 4. What forms the southern border of Ohio?

. te

o c . che e r o t r sLocation: super

5. Which two cities are located on the Ohio River? In which squares are they found? City name:

m . u

2. Which city is found in square C1?

City name:

Location:

6. What body of water is named in square C1?

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Name

Using a map grid This map shows some cities in Ohio. The map is in a grid. A grid is a pattern of lines. The lines form small squares. C r o e t s B r e oo Michigan p u k S A

B

D

2

Toledo

Cleveland Akron

ew i ev Pr

1

Teac he r

Lake Erie

© R. I . C Pu i cat i ons O. H Ib Ol •f orr evi ew pur posesonl y• Lima

Cambridge

w ww

3

o c . che e r o t r Portsmouth s super Oh io

Riv er

. te Cincinnati

Columbus

m . u

Dayton

4

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Name

Map skills Review 1 Write the directions on the compass rose.

N = north S = south W = west

ew i ev Pr

Teac he r

E = east

r o e t s Bo r e p ok u S

Match each thing to its map symbol.

petrol station •

forest •

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school •

. te

m . u

© R. I . C.Publ i cat i ons playground • • •f orr evi ew pur posesonl y•

o c . c border map grid map key e her r o t s super

Name each picture.

A

capital

1

North Forest

South Forest

river

Timberland

C

D

Lake Erie

Toledo Cleveland

East Forest

city

B

Michigan

Akron

2

Lima

OHIO

O

Columbus

Cincinnati

4

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Dayton

hi oR ive r

Cambridge

3 Oceanside

Portsmouth

Beginning geography

35


Name

Map skills Review 2 Choose the correct words to name each drawing.

r o e t s grid square map key Bo r e p state border ok map scale u S

A

ew i ev Pr

Teac he r

compass rose

Scale

1

0

1

1 cm = 1 km

© R. I . C.Publ i cat i ons •f orr evi ew pur posesonl y• South Forest

capital

Timberland

city river

Oceanside

Dark Plain

w ww

m . u

Misty Woods

. tanswer. Circle the correct e o c . c e 1. This arrow is pointing her . st r o supe r down right left 2. A map is a sign

of a place from above. name

drawing .

3. North, south, east and west are called directions 36

Beginning geography

symbols

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Name

Map skills Review 3 Tick the box next to the correct answer.

thatt stand for places on the map. r o e s r e symbols Bo directions p borders ok u S 2. Lines that form squares on a map make a . symbol

city

grid

3. The dividing line between two places is called a border

map

ew i ev Pr

Teac he r

1. A map key has

.

compass rose

© R. I . C.Publ i cat i ons 5B A6 3C •f orr evi ew pur poses onl y•

4. Which of these is a correct grid location on a map?

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1. What are the four main directions?

. te

m . u

Answer the questions.

o c . ch e 2. How does a map key help you read a map? r er o st super

3. A map scale shows 1 cm = 10 km. How many kilometres apart are two places that are 3 centimetres apart on the map? kilometres

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37


C T I ON SE

2

Landforms and bodies of water In this section of Beginning Geography, students learn basic landforms and bodies of water.

Reproducible activity pages

r o e t s Bo r e p ok u S

There are 28 activity pages that present eight landforms and three bodies of water. Page 39 provides a detailed table of contents for the Landforms and bodies of water section. The activity pages vary in difficulty, allowing you to match them to students’ learning levels.

Teac he r

ew i ev Pr

NOTE: The activity pages are intended for direct instruction of the whole class or small groups. Read the statement of the concept being presented and the activity directions to the students. For students at lower reading levels, it is recommended that you also read the activity items together.

Assessments

Three map skills reviews (pages 68−70) follow the skill activity pages. These pages may be used as a review or as a formal assessment of students’ skill acquisition. The review pages vary in difficulty. Choose one or more that are appropriate to your students’ needs.

© R. I . C.Publ i cat i ons •f orr evi ew pur posesonl y• Name

Name

Name

Landforms and bodies of water

Landforms and bodies of water

Review 1

Review 2

Review 3

Tick the box next to the correct answer.

Write the letter of the picture that matches the name of the landform.

Write the correct word on the line above each list.

landforms

Landforms and bodies of water

1. canyon

water

A

D

G

B

E

H

C

F

1. The largest bodies of salt water in the world are called lakes oceans rivers

2. desert

lake ocean river

3. island

hill island desert

4. mountain 5. hill

2. A

6. plain Draw a line to match each word to the correct picture.

7. valley

m . u

w ww

plain

mountain

4. What is the beginning of a river called? course mouth source

Write the name of the body of water under each picture.

5. What is the source of the Darling River? a lake the Southern Ocean the Murray River

valley

volcano lake

68

38

Beginning geography

. te

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Beginning geography

is a large flat area of land.

3. Which landform is a deep valley with steep sides? canyon mountain volcano

8. volcano

canyon

hill plain valley

.

6. Greenland is the largest island lake volcano

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69

70

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in the world.

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Concept

Activity

Activity description

Hills and mountains

match pictures of these landforms to definitions

40

Parts of a hill

learn hill, hilltop, foot and knoll

41

Parts of a mountain

learn base, slope and peak

42

Islands and volcanoes

match pictures of these landforms to definitions

43

1

Hills and mountains

2

r o e t s Bo r e p ok u S learn facts about Greenland

44

Erupting volcano!

colour to show features of an erupting volcano

45

Deserts and plains

match pictures of these landforms to definitions

46

Teac he r

Islands and The largest island volcanoes

Deserts and plains

cut out desert animals, then colour an illustration of a desert

47, 48

On the plain

cut out plains animals, then colour an illustration of a plain

49, 50

Canyons and valleys

match pictures of these landforms to definitions

learn facts about the Grand Canyon; colour © R. I . C. ubl i cat i ons aP picture •Valleys f orr evi ewlearn pu r povalleys; ses on l y• facts about colour a picture

The Grand Canyon Canyons and valleys

5

Oceans, lakes and rivers

w ww

Oceans, lakes and rivers

6

51 52 53

match pictures of these bodies of water to definitions

54

m . u

4

A desert habitat

ew i ev Pr

3

Page

learn source, stream, mouth and bank

55

The Murray Darling River

learn facts about the Murray Darling River

56

Landforms and bodies of water puzzles

fit puzzle pieces together to match pictures of landforms and bodies of water with their definitions

57–61

compile a booklet about the landforms and bodies of water studied in Section 2; colour the booklet’s pictures

62–67

Parts of a river

. te

o c . che e r o t r s super

Landforms and bodies Landforms and bodies of water of water (booklet)

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Name

Hills and mountains

Hills and mountains are landforms.

hill

mountain

Teac he r

A hill is a raised area of land. It is lower and smaller than a mountain.

ew i ev Pr

r o e t s Bo r e p ok u S glue glue

A mountain is a very high raised area of land. It is higher and larger than a hill.

© R. I . C.Publ i cat i ons •f orr evi ew pur posesonl y•

w ww

1. Colour.

2. Cut.

. te

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Beginning geography

3. Glue.

m . u

Follow the directions.

o c . che e r o t r s super

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Name

Parts of a hill

A hill is a landform. A hill is a raised area of land. It is lower and smaller than a mountain.

r o e t s Bo r e p ok u S

ew i ev Pr

Teac he r

The highest part of a hill is called the hilltop. The bottom of a hill is called the foot. A small, round hill is called a knoll.

w ww

. te

m . u

© R. I . C.Publ i cat i ons •f orr evi ew pur posesonl y•

o c . che e r o t r s super Follow the directions. 1. Write hill, knoll, hilltop and foot on the correct lines. 2. Draw a cabin at the foot of the hill. 3. Draw a tree on the top of the knoll.

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A mountain is a landform. It is a very high raised area of land. A mountain is higher and larger than a hill.

Parts of a mountain

r o e t s Bo r e p ok u S

Follow the directions.

1. Write the three parts of the mountain on the lines. 2. Colour the mountain.

ew i ev Pr

Teac he r

A mountain has three parts. The bottom is called the base. The steep sides are called slopes. The pointed top is called the peak.

w ww

. te

42

Beginning geography

m . u

© R. I . C.Publ i cat i ons •f orr evi ew pur posesonl y•

o c . che e r o t r s super

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Name

Islands and volcanoes are landforms.

island

volcano

glue

glue

r o e t s Bo r e p ok u S

An island is land with water all around it. Islands are found in oceans, rivers and lakes.

ew i ev Pr

Teac he r

Islands and volcanoes

A volcano is a mountain that has an opening. Lava, gas and ash can erupt through the opening.

Follow the directions.

w ww

1. Colour.

. te

2. Cut.

3. Glue.

m . u

© R. I . C.Publ i cat i ons •f orr evi ew pur posesonl y•

o c . che e r o t r s super

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The largest island

An island is a landform. An island is land with water all around it.

Read the facts about Greenland.

r o e t s Bo r e p ok u • A huge sheet ofS ice covers most of Greenland.

• Some animals of Greenland are polar bears, seals, walruses and whales.

Arctic Ocean

ew i ev Pr

Teac he r

• Greenland is the largest island in the world.

Look at the map.

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1. Write the name Greenland on the island.

. te

m . u

© R. I . C.Publ i cat i ons •f orr evi ew pur posesonl y•

o c . 3. Colour the water around the island blue. che e r o t r s super

2. Colour the Greenland animals.

Atlantic Ocean

Did you know?

Greenland belongs to the country of Denmark, which is many miles away in Europe.

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Name

Erupting volcano!

A volcano is a landform. A volcano is a special kind of mountain.

A volcano is a mountain that has an opening.

r o e t s Bo r e p ok u Lava is hot, melted rock. S

Teac he r

Lava, pieces of rock, ash and hot gas can erupt through the opening.

ew i ev Pr

Ash is grey powder from the burning volcano. You can’t see the gas, but it smells like rotten eggs.

Colour by number.

1. grey—cloud of ash and gas

1

2

2a © R. I . C.Publ i c t i ons 3. red—lava flowing down the sides •f orr evi ew pur posesonl y•

2. brown—erupting rocks

w ww

. te

3

4

m . u

4. brown—the rest of the volcano

o c . che e r o t r s super Did you know?

When lava cools, it turns into solid rock.

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Name

Deserts and plains

Deserts and plains are landforms.

plain

r o e t s Bo r e p ok u S glue

glue

A desert is a dry and sandy or rocky area. There is very little rainfall. There are only a few plants.

ew i ev Pr

Teac he r

desert

A plain is a large flat area of land. There are grasses. There are not many trees.

Follow the directions.

w ww

1. Colour.

46

2. Cut.

. te

Beginning geography

3. Glue.

m . u

© R. I . C.Publ i cat i ons •f orr evi ew pur posesonl y•

o c . che e r o t r s super

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Name

A desert habitat

A desert is a landform. A desert is a dry area that is sandy or rocky.

r o e t s Bo r e p ok u S

Follow the directions.

ew i ev Pr

Teac he r

Some animals live in the desert. They have to find ways to survive. These animals hunt for food in the morning or at night. They rest during the hot time of the day.

1. Colour and cut out the animals that live in the desert.

2. Glue them under the desert on page 48. 3. Colour the desert habitat.

w ww

. te

m . u

© R. I . C.Publ i cat i ons •f orr evi ew pur posesonl y•

4. Cut out the story above. Glue it above the desert.

o c . che e r o t r s super

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47


Name

glue r o e t s Bo r e p ok u S

ew i ev Pr

Teac he r

A desert habitat

A desert is a landform. A desert is a dry area that is sandy or rocky.

w ww

. te

glue

48

Beginning geography

m . u

© R. I . C.Publ i cat i ons •f orr evi ew pur posesonl y•

o c . che e r o t r s super glue

glue

glue

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Name

On the plain

A plain is a landform. A plain is a large flat area of land. It has grasses. It does not have a lot of trees.

r o e t s Bo r e p ok u S

Follow the directions.

ew i ev Pr

Teac he r

There are many animals on a plain. Animals like to hide in the grasses. Their colours help them blend in. That way other animals can’t catch them as easily.

1. Colour and cut out the animals that live on the plain.

2. Glue them under the plain on page 50. 3. Colour the plain habitat.

w ww

. te

m . u

© R. I . C.Publ i cat i ons 4. Cut out the story above. Glue it above the plain. •f orr evi ew pur posesonl y•

o c . che e r o t r s super

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Name

r o glue e t s Bo r e p ok u S

ew i ev Pr

Teac he r

On the plain

A plain is a landform. A plain is a large flat area of land. It has grasses. It does not have a lot of trees.

w ww

. te

glue

50

Beginning geography

m . u

© R. I . C.Publ i cat i ons •f orr evi ew pur posesonl y•

o c . che e r o t r s super glue

glue

glue

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Name

Canyons and valleys

Canyons and valleys are landforms.

valley

glue

glue

A canyon is a deep valley with steep sides. The sides of a canyon are rocky cliffs.

A valley is low land between hills or mountains. Valleys can be narrow or they can be kilometres wide.

r o e t s Bo r e p ok u S

ew i ev Pr

Teac he r

canyon

Follow the directions.

w ww

1. Colour.

. te

2. Cut.

3. Glue.

m . u

© R. I . C.Publ i cat i ons •f orr evi ew pur posesonl y•

o c . che e r o t r s super

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Beginning geography

51


Name

The Grand Canyon

A canyon is a landform. A canyon is a deep valley with steep sides.

There is a famous canyon in America. It is called the Grand Canyon.

Teac he r

ew i ev Pr

r o e t s B r e oo The canyon walls have beautiful rock layers. p k Some layersu are red or yellow. S Some layers are brown or green.

The Colorado River flows through the canyon. The river carved out the canyon over millions of years.

Colour the Grand Canyon.

w ww

. te

m . u

© R. I . C.Publ i cat i ons •f orr evi ew pur posesonl y•

o c . che e r o t r s super

Did you know?

You can take a trip to the bottom of the Grand Canyon. You can hike or ride a mule. It will take you all day to get to the canyon floor.

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Name

A valley is a landform. A valley is low land between hills or mountains.

Valleys

r o e t s Bo r e p ok u S

ew i ev Pr

Teac he r

A valley can be very long and wide. It has fields of grass and flowers. Rivers and lakes are in valleys. Forests are around valleys. Above and around valleys are huge cliffs with beautiful waterfalls and mountains with snow on top.

Colour the valley.

w ww

. te

m . u

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o c . che e r o t r s super

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Name

Oceans, lakes and rivers

glue

lake

river

A lake is a large body of water with land all around it. There are saltwater lakes and freshwater lakes.

A river is a long, wide stream of water. Rivers flow across the land into another body of water.

r o e t s Bo r e p ok u S glue glue

An ocean is a very large body of salt water. There are five oceans on Earth.

ew i ev Pr

Teac he r

ocean

Oceans, lakes and rivers are bodies of water.

w ww

Follow the directions.

1. Colour.

54

m . u

© R. I . C.Publ i cat i ons •f orr evi ew pur posesonl y•

2. Cut. 3. Glue. . te o c . che e r o t r s super

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Name

Parts of a river

A river is a long, wide stream of water that flows across land.

Look at the river. Read the facts.

Teac he r

It begins as a small stream.

More streams flow into the river. The river gets wider and faster along the way. The place where a river ends is called the mouth. Rivers may empty into another river, a lake or an ocean.

ew i ev Pr

r o e t s Bo r e The place where a river begins p ok is called the source. u Sat a lake. This river begins

© R. I . C.Publ i cat i ons •f orr evi ew pur posesonl y•

w ww

1. Label the picture. Use the words stream, mouth and source.

. te

2. Colour the picture.

m . u

Follow the directions.

o c . che e r o t r s super The land along the side of a river Did you know?

is called a bank.

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Name

The Murray Darling River

A river is a long, wide stream of water that flows across land.

Teac he r

The Murray Darling River system is important for farmers in Australia. The water from the river system helps farmers to grow cotton, fruit and wheat, and to farm sheep and cattle.

r o e t s Bo r e p ok u S

QUEENSLAND

© R. I . C.Publ i cat i ons •f orr evi ew pur posesonl y• Sydney Mu rra yR

. te

VICTORIA

SOUTHERN OCEAN

m . u

Darling Ri ver

NEW SOUTH WALES

r ive

w ww

Adelaide

ew i ev Pr

SOUTH AUSTRALIA

Brisbane

The Murray DarlingoRiver

c . che e r o r st super Melbourne

0

100

200 km

Follow the directions.

1. The source of the Darling River is the Murray River. Write S for source where they meet. 2. The mouth of the Murray River is the Southern Ocean near Adelaide. Write M for mouth there. 3. Trace the route of the Murray River in red. Trace the route of the Darling in blue. 56

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Name

Landforms and bodies of water puzzles

A river is a long, wide stream of water that flows across land.

Use pages 57–61 to make an activity in which your students can practise what they’ve learned about landforms and bodies of water.

r o e t s Bo r e p ok u S

Puzzle pieces, pages 57–60

Teac he r

Activity sheet, page 61

ew i ev Pr

1. Photocopy the puzzle pieces. Then colour the landforms and bodies of water. 2. Laminate the puzzle pieces and cut them apart along the dotted lines. 3. Store the puzzle pieces in an envelope or folder. 4. Make the puzzles available to students.

Reproduce this page (one per student) and store the copies with the puzzles. After students have put together the puzzles, they can complete the activity sheet to show that they know the names of the landforms and bodies of water studied in Section 2 of Beginning Geography.

© R. I . C.Publ i cat i ons •f o r ev i e w pur posesonl y• A mountain is r a very high raised mountain

w ww

It is higher and larger than a hill.

. te

hill

m . u

area of land.

o c . che e r o t r s super

A hill is a raised area of land. It is smaller than a mountain.

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Landforms and bodies of water puzzles

plain

r o e t s Bo r e p ok A plain has grass and not u many trees. S

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Teac he r

A plain is a large flat area of land.

w ww

. te

m . u

© R. I . C.Publ i cat i ons An island is land with water •f orr evi ew pur posesonl y• all around it. island

o c . c e her r A volcano is a mountain with o t s super an opening. volcano

Lava, gas and ash erupt out of the opening.

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Landforms and bodies of water puzzles

valley

r o e t s Bo r e p ok u S

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Teac he r

A valley is low land between hills or mountains.

w ww

. te

m . u

© R. I . C.Publ i cat i ons A canyon is a deep valley •f orr evi ew pur posesonl y• with steep sides. canyon

o c . c e her r desert o t s s per A desert is a dry and sandy u or rocky area.

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59


Landforms and bodies of water puzzles

ocean An ocean is a very large body of salt water.

Teac he r

© R. I . C.Publ i cat i ons •f orr evi ew pur posesonl y•

A river is a long, wide stream of water that flows across land.

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. te

m . u

river

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r o e t s Bo r e There are five oceans onp Earth. ok u S

o c lake . che e r o A lake is a large body of water r t s super with land all around it.

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Name

Landforms and bodies of water Write the number of the picture that matches the name of the landform.

r o e t s Bo r e p ok desert u S island 1

mountain

3

2

4

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Teac he r

canyon

5

6

plain hill

w ww

Write the name of the body of water.

. te

ocean

river

lake

m . u

© R. I . C .Publ i c at i ons 7 8 •volcano f orr evi ew pur posesonl y• valley

o c . che e r o t r s super

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Landforms and bodies of water A landform is a shape of land. Earth has many kinds of landforms. The Earth has many different bodies of water, too.

r o e t s Bo r e p ok u S

Name

1

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Teac he r

Let’s look at some of them.

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A mountain is a very high raised area of land. Sometimes it has snow at the top.

m . u

© R. I . C.Publ i cat i ons •f orr evi ew pur posesonl y•

. ttall mountain brown. • Colour the e o c . ch e • Show snow on the top of r e o t r s super the mountain.

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A hill is a raised area of land. It is lower and smaller than a mountain. • Colour the hill green.

r o e t s Bo r e p ok u S 3

ew i ev Pr

Teac he r

• Draw a small tree on the hill.

m . u

© R. I . C.Publ i cat i ons •f orr evi ew pur posesonl y•

w ww

An island is land with water all around it. You can find many islands in the oceans.

. tthe island green. o • Coloure c . c e r • Draw a tree onh the eisland. o t r s super • Colour the ocean blue.

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A volcano is a mountain that has an opening. Lava, gas and ash can erupt through the opening. • Colour the cloud of gas and ash grey.

r o e t s Bo r e p ok u S • Colour the rest of the volcano brown.

5

ew i ev Pr

Teac he r

• Colour the lava flowing down the volcano red.

m . u

© R. I . C.Publ i cat i ons •f orr evi ew pur posesonl y•

w ww

A desert is a dry and sandy or rocky area. There is very little rainfall. There are only a few plants.

. te

o c . • Colour the desert cyellow. e h r e o t r • Colour the tree green. s super • Draw a brown snake in the desert.

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A plain is a large flat area of land. There are grasses. There are not many trees. • Draw yellow wildflowers on the plain.

r o e t s Bo r e p ok u S 7

ew i ev Pr

Teac he r

• Colour the grasses green.

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A canyon is a deep valley with steep sides. A canyon may have colourful rocky walls or cliffs.

. te

m . u

© R. I . C.Publ i cat i ons •f orr evi ew pur posesonl y•

o c . che e r o t r • Use red, yellow, brown s super and green. • Colour the layers of the canyon walls.

• Colour the river blue.

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A valley is low land between hills or mountains. Valleys can be narrow or they can be kilometres wide. • Draw a deer in the valley.

r o e t s Bo r e p ok u S 9

ew i ev Pr

Teac he r

• Colour the valley using shades of green.

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An ocean is a large body of salt water. Earth has five oceans. They are named the Atlantic, Arctic, Indian, Pacific and Southern.

. te

m . u

© R. I . C.Publ i cat i ons •f orr evi ew pur posesonl y•

o c . ch • Draw a ship on the ocean. e r er o t s super • Colour the ocean using shades of blue.

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A lake is a body of water with land all around it. There are saltwater lakes and freshwater lakes. • Draw a sailboat on the lake.

r o e t s Bo r e p ok u S 11

ew i ev Pr

Teac he r

• Colour the lake blue.

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A river is a long, wide stream of water that flows across the land. A river may empty into another river, a lake or an ocean.

. te

m . u

© R. I . C.Publ i cat i ons •f orr evi ew pur posesonl y•

o c . • Draw a canoe on the river. ch e r e o t r • Colour the river blue. s s uper

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67


Name

Landforms and bodies of water Review 1 Write the correct word on the line above each list.

water r o e t s Bo r e p ok u S

lake ocean river

hill island desert

Draw a line to match each word to the correct picture.

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Teac he r

landforms

plain

w ww

. te

mountain

m . u

© R. I . C.Publ i cat i ons canyon •f orr evi ew pur posesonl y•

o c . che valley e r o t r s super volcano lake

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Name

Landforms and bodies of water Review 2 Write the letter of the picture that matches the name of the landform.

r o e t s Bo r e 2. desert p ok u S 3. island A

D

B

E

4. mountain 5. hill

6. plain 7. valley

G

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Teac he r

1. canyon

H

© R. I . C.Publ i cat i ons •f orr evi e ur po esonl y• C wp Fs

w ww

. te

Write the name of the body of water under each picture.

m . u

8. volcano

o c . che e r o t r s super

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Name

Landforms and bodies of water Review 3 Tick the box next to the correct answer.

r o e t s Bo r e p ok u S

2. A

hill plain valley

is a large flat area of land.

.

ew i ev Pr

Teac he r

1. The largest bodies of salt water in the world are called lakes oceans rivers

© R. I . C.Publ i cat i ons •f orr evi ew pur posesonl y•

3. Which landform is a deep valley with steep sides? canyon mountain volcano

w ww

m . u

4. What is the beginning of a river called? course mouth source

. te o 5. What is the source of the Darling River? c . che e a lake r o t r s super the Southern Ocean the Murray River

6. Greenland is the largest island lake volcano

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in the world.

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C T I ON SE

3

Continents and oceans In this section of Beginning Geography, students learn about the seven continents and five oceans of the world.

Reproducible activity pages

r o e t s Bo r e p ok u S

Teac he r

There are 21 activity pages that cover seven continents and five oceans. Following an introduction to all the continents and oceans, there are two activity pages for each continent. The first page is an introduction with facts and an activity, and the second page is a physical map of the continent. Page 72 provides a detailed table of contents for the Continents and oceans section.

ew i ev Pr

NOTE: The activity pages are intended for direct instruction of the whole class or small groups. Read the statement of the concept being presented and the activity directions to the students. For students at lower reading levels, it is recommended that you also read the activity items together.

Assessments

Three reviews (pages 94−96) follow the skill activity pages. These pages may be used as a review or as a formal assessment of students’ skill acquisition. The review pages vary in difficulty. Choose one or more that are appropriate to your students’ needs.

© R. I . C.Publ i cat i ons •f orr evi ew pur posesonl y• Name

Name

Continents and oceans

Continents and oceans

Review 1

Review 2

Continents and oceans Review 3

Tick the box next to the correct answer.

4

1. There are

Arctic Ocean

1

5

Atlantic Ocean

3

4

Indian Ocean

Pacific

6

Cuba

w ww

7

1

2 3

4 5

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Antarctica

5.

5

. te

2

6

Atlantic Ocean Pacific Ocean

North America South America

Arctic Ocean

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7

Europe

Africa

Antarctica Asia

4

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Panama

Australia Africa

Beginning geography

95

96

Mexico .

Asia

Asia

6. The Amazon Rainforest is in

o c . che e r o t r s super

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3

Southern

Australia

is the largest continent.

Australia

North America South America

Indian

4. The coldest and iciest continent is

Write the name of each continent. Use the word box to help you.

1

8, 3 Oceans border North America.

3. The three largest countries in North America are Canada, . the United States and

Southern Ocean

Write the name of each continent and ocean on the lines. Use the word box to help you.

oceans in the world.

7, 5

2. The Arctic, Atlantic and

Pacific Ocean

5

Pacific Ocean

2

continents and

6, 4

3

2

1

m . u

Name

Beginning geography

Europe

.

North America

South America

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71


1

Continents & oceans

2

Activity

Activity description

The seven continents

learn to recognise the seven continents on a map of the world

74

The five oceans

learn to recognise the five oceans on a map of the world

75

What is a globe?

colour continents and oceans in the Western Hemisphere

76

Globe

r o e t s Bo r e p ok u S

colour continents and oceans in the Eastern Hemisphere

77

North America

learn facts about North America and follow directions to add to a map of the continent

78, 79

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Teac he r

What is a globe?

South America

learn facts about South America and follow directions to add to a map of the continent

80, 81

Africa

learn facts about Africa and follow directions to add to a map of the continent

82, 83

Europe

learn facts about Europe and follow directions to add to a map of the continent

84, 85

Australia*

learn facts about Australia and follow directions to add to a map of the continent

88, 89

3

The seven continents

© R. I . C.Publ i cat i ons learn facts about Asia and follow directions Asia to add a map ofp the continent •f orr evi e wtop ur o sesonl y• 86, 87

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learn facts about Antarctica and colour an emperor penguin

Antarctica

4

Additional material

Page

. te

m . u

Concept

o c . che e r o t r s super

Continent match

match the shapes and names of the continents

Where in the world do you live?

write your world address

90, 91

92, 93 94

* Many atlases group Australia and the islands of Oceania together. Australia is the continental landmass. Oceania is made up of New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, and the island groups of Polynesia, Micronesia, and Melanesia. For students at this year level, we have chosen to focus on Australia alone.

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Name

The seven continents

r o e t s Bo r e p ok u S

America

Europe

Africa

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Teac he r

North

A continent is a large area of land. The seven continents are Africa, Antarctica, Asia, Australia, Europe, North America and South America.

Asia

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©America R. I . C.Publ i cat i ons •f orr evi ew pur posesonl yAustralia • South

Antarctica

. te o Follow the directions. c . che e r o 1. Colour Africa yellow. r 5. Colour t s Europe green. super 2. Colour Antarctica purple.

6. Colour North America pink.

3. Colour Asia red.

7. Colour South America brown.

4. Colour Australia orange.

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Name

An ocean is a large body of salt water. The five oceans are Atlantic, Pacific, Indian, Arctic and Southern.

The five oceans

r o e t s Bo r e p ok u S Arctic Ocean

America

Europe

Atlantic Ocean

Pacific Ocean

Africa

© R. I . C.Publ i caIndian t i ons Ocean Australia •f orr evi ew pur poseson l y• South

America

Southern Ocean

w ww

Antarctica

m . u

Pacific Ocean

Asia

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Teac he r

North

. te o Circle the correct ocean. Use the compass rose to help you. c . che e r o 1. Which ocean is east of North America? Atlantic Pacific t r s super 2. Which ocean is south of Asia?

Arctic

Indian

3. Which ocean is north of Europe?

Atlantic

Arctic

4. Which ocean is west of Africa?

Atlantic

Indian

Colour the oceans blue on the world map. 74

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Name

What is a globe?

A globe is a round model of the Earth. A globe shows the continents and oceans.

r o e t s Bo r e p ok u S North

America

Pacific Ocean

Atlantic Ocean

ew i ev Pr

Teac he r

This globe picture shows only one side of the Earth. It shows 2 continents and 2 oceans.

w ww

. te

m . u

© R. I . C.P ubl i cat i ons South •f orr evi ew p ur posesonl y• America

o c . che e r o t r s super

Colour.

1. Colour North America green. 2. Colour South America yellow. 3. Colour the Atlantic Ocean and the Pacific Ocean blue. www.ricpublications.com.au. R.I.C. Publications®

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Name

What is a globe?

A globe is a round model of the Earth. A globe shows the continents and oceans.

r o e t s Bo r e p ok u S

Arctic Ocean

Europe

Africa

Asia

ew i ev Pr

Teac he r

This globe picture shows only one side of the Earth. It shows 5 continents and 4 oceans.

© R. I . C.Publ i ca t i ons Ocean Ocean •f orr evi ew pur posesonl y• Pacific

Indian

Southern

Australia

w ww

. te

Antarctica

m . u

Ocean

o c . che e r o t r s super

Colour.

1. Colour Africa brown. 2. Colour Australia orange. 3. Colour Europe and Asia pink. 76

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Name

North America

North America is a continent. There are many countries in North America.

r o e t s Bo r e p ok u S • The Atlantic, Arctic, and

ew i ev Pr

Teac he r

• The 3 largest countries in North America are Canada, Mexico and the United States of America. Pacific Oceans border North America.

• North America has high mountains, hot deserts and many forests.

© R. I . C.Publ i ca t i o ns part of the • The northern continent is very cold. The •f orr evi ew pur pos esonl y• southern part is warm.

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1. Colour the United States of America yellow.

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2. Which country is north of the USA? Colour it green.

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Use the map of North America on page 78. Follow the directions and answer the questions.

o c . c e her r 3. Colour Mexico red. o t s super

4. To go to Mexico from the USA, in which direction would you travel?

5. Which US state is north of Canada? Colour it yellow, too. www.ricpublications.com.au. R.I.C. Publications®

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Name

North America

r o e t s Bo r e p ok u S Arctic Ocean

ew i ev Pr

Teac he r

Alaska

Canada

w ww

Pacific Ocean

. te

United States of America

m . u

© R. I . C.Publ i cat i ons •f orr evi ew pur posesonl y•

Atlantic Ocean

o c . che e r o t r s super Mexico

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Name

South America

South America is a continent. There are many countries in South America.

r o e t s B r • Much of Brazil is covered e o p oAmazon by the Rainforest, u k a hot, wet jungle. S

ew i ev Pr

Teac he r

• The largest country in South America is Brazil.

• The Atlantic and Pacific Oceans border South America.

• South America has rugged mountains, grassy plains and a very dry desert.

© R. I . C.Publ i cat i ons Use the• map ofr South America on p page 80. f o r e v i e w u r posesonl y• Follow the directions and answer the questions.

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1. Colour the grasslands yellow. 2. In which part of the continent are the high mountains found? Circle the answer.

. tewest o c . ch e 3. What ocean does the Amazon River empty into? r er o t s super east

4. The high mountains are near which ocean? 5. Colour the rainforest green.

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Name

r o e t s Bo r e p ok u S

ew i ev Pr

Teac he r

South America

w ww

. te

m . u

© R. I . C.Publ i cat i ons Atlantic Ocean •f orr evi ew pur poseson l y• Pacific Ocean

o Key c . che e r o t r s super

Amazon River grasslands rainforest mountains

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Name

Africa is a continent. There are many countries in Africa.

Africa

r o e t s B r e oAtlantic • The and Indian p o u Oceansk border Africa. S • Africa has large areas of

ew i ev Pr

Teac he r

• Egypt, Kenya and Nigeria are three countries in Africa.

grassy woodlands called savannas.

• The largest desert in the world is in the northern part of Africa. It is called the Sahara Desert.

© R. I . C.Publ i cat i ons f o r ev ew82.pur posesonl y• Use the• map ofr Africa oni page 1. Colour the desert light brown.

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2. What is the name of the desert?

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m . u

Follow the directions and answer the questions.

o c . c e 4. In which part of the continent is the Sahara Desert found? he r o t r s super Circle the answer. 3. Draw a lion on the savanna. Colour the savanna yellow.

north

south

5. Which ocean is on the eastern side of the continent?

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Name

Africa

r o e t s Bo r e p ok u S

ew i ev Pr

Teac he r

Sahara

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© R. I . C.Publ i cat i ons Atlantic Ocean Indian Ocean •f orr evi ew pur poseson l y•

o c . che e r o t r s super Key

desert savanna

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Name

Europe

Europe is a continent. There are many countries in Europe.

r o e t s B r e oAtlantic • The and Arctic p o u Oceansk border Europe. S • Europe has frozen plains in

ew i ev Pr

Teac he r

• France, Greece and Norway are three countries in Europe.

the north and mountains called the Alps in the south.

• The border between Europe and Asia is formed by the Ural Mountains.

© R. I . C.Publ i cat i ons Use the map of Europe on page 84. Follow • thef directions. orr evi ew pur posesonl y•

m . u

1. Find Italy. It is shaped like a boot with a tall heel. Colour Italy green.

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2. Use red to trace the border between Europe and Asia.

. te o it orange. 4. The longer island south of Iceland is Great Britain.. Colour c che e r o stAlps to label them. suofp 5. Find the mountains justr north Italy. Write er 3. The island furthest to the west is Iceland. Colour it yellow.

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mountains

Key

Name

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w ww

o c . che e r o t r s super Atlantic Ocean

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m . u

Europe

Arctic Ocean

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Teac he r

Asia

r o e t s Bo r e p ok u S

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Name

Asia

Asia is the largest continent. There are many countries in Asia.

r o e t s B r e oArctic, • The Indian and Pacific p o u Oceansk border Asia. S • Asia has frozen plains and

ew i ev Pr

Teac he r

• China, India and Japan are three countries in Asia.

evergreen forests in the north. Asia also has cold deserts and hot deserts. Rainforests are in the south.

• The highest mountains in the world are in southern Asia. They are called the Himalayas.

Use the map of Asia on page 86. Follow the directions.

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1. Write Himalayas to the left of the mountains.

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m . u

© R. I . C.Publ i cat i ons •f orr evi ew pur posesonl y•

o c . che e r o t r su 3. Write Japan on the line that points tor as group of islands. pe

2. Write India on the line that points to land shaped like a triangle that sticks out into the Indian Ocean.

4. Write China on the line that is left.

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Teac he r

mountains

Pacific Ocean

w ww

o c . che e r o t r s super Europe

. te

Indian Ocean

© R. I . C.Publ i cat i ons •f orr evi ew pur posesonl y•

m . u

Asia

r o e t s Bo r e p ok u S

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Arctic Ocean

Key

Name

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Name

Australia

Australia is the smallest continent. It is also an island country.

r o e t s B r e ocentre • The of the continent p o u khot deserts and has huge, S dry grasslands.

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Teac he r

• The Indian and Pacific Oceans surround Australia.

• The land is greener along the edges of Australia. Rainforests are in the north-east. • Most of the mountains are in the eastern part of the continent.

© R. I . C.Publ i cat i ons •f orr evi ew pur posesonl y•

m . u

Use the map of Australia on page 88. Follow the directions.

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1. The island to the south of the continent is part of the country of Australia. Circle the name of this island.

. te

o c . che e r o t r s s up 3. The pointy piece of land in the northern part of Australia er

2. The largest city ( ) in Australia is Sydney. Label Sydney. is mostly rainforest. Colour it green.

4. Colour the desert area (

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87


Indian Ocean

. te

Beginning geography

desert

Key

Tasmania

m . u

Australia

© R. I . C.Publ i cat i ons •f orr evi ew pur posesonl y•

w ww 88

r o e t s Bo r e p ok u S

ew i ev Pr

Teac he r

Pacific Ocean

Name

o c . che e r o t r s super

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Name

Antarctica

The South Pole is near the middle of the continent of Antarctica. Antarctica does not belong to any country.

r o e t s B r e oo is the coldest and • Antarctica p u kplace on earth. It is windiest S covered in a thick layer of

ew i ev Pr

Teac he r

• Antarctica is surrounded by the Southern Ocean.

ice and snow.

• Several kinds of penguins live in Antarctica. • There are no indigenous people living in Antarctica.

© R. I . C.Publ i cat i ons Use the map of Antarctica on page 90. • f orr evi ew pur posesonl y•

w ww

1. Draw a red circle around the South Pole. 2. Antarctica is surrounded by ocean. Colour the ocean blue.

. te

Emperor Penguin

black with yellow-orange streak

m . u

Follow the directions.

yellow patch

reddish-brown

o c . c e he r 3. The largest penguin in o t r s s per Antarctica is the Emperor. u Follow the directions to colour the emperor penguin.

white with yellow

black

white

black

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Name

Antarctica

r o e t s Bo r e p ok u S

ew i ev Pr

Teac he r

Southern Ocean

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. te

m . u

© R. I . C.Publ i cat i ons South Pole •f orr evi ew p ur posesonl y•

o c . che e r o t r s super

Southern Ocean

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Continent match

1. Laminate the cards on this page and page 92.

r o e t s Bo r e p ok u S

2. Cut out the cards and place them in an envelope.

Teac he r

Atlantic

Ocean

ew i ev Pr

3. Instruct students to match each continent shape with its name.

Indian

Ocean

Southern

Arctic

Ocean

© R. I . C.Publ i cat i ons •f orr evi ew pur posesonl y•

Ocean

w ww

Ocean

Southern Ocean

Indian Ocean

. te

m . u

Pacific

Indian Ocean

o c . che e r o t r s super Arctic

Ocean

Atlantic Pacific

Ocean

Ocean

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Continent match Arctic Ocean

Pacific

r o e t s Bo r e p ok u S Atlantic Ocean

Ocean

Atlantic

ew i ev Pr

Teac he r

Ocean

Pacific

Ocean

Antarctica © R. I . C.Pu bl i cat i ons •f orr evi ew pur posesonl y•

w ww

Asia

Europe

. te

Australia

m . u

Africa

o North c . che e r o America t r s super

South America 92

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Name

You live on planet Earth. r o e t s Bo r e What continent do you live on? p o u k In which country do you live? S

ew i ev Pr

Teac he r

Where in the world do you live?

Write your world address.

© R. I . C.Publ i cat i ons •f orr evi ew pur posesonl y•

Name

w ww

City

. te

State or Territory Country Continent

m . u

Street

o c . che e r o t r s super

Planet

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Name

Continents and oceans Review 1

r o e t s 1 Bo r e p ok u S 5

3 2

ew i ev Pr

Teac he r

4

w ww

. te

Write the name of each continent and ocean on the lines. Use the word box to help you.

1 2

m . u

© R. I . C.Publ i cat i ons •f orr evi ew pur posesonl y•

o c . che e North America r o r st South America super Arctic Ocean

3

Atlantic Ocean Pacific Ocean

4 5 94

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Name

Continents and oceans Review 2

r o e t s Bo r e p ok u 3 S 2 1 Atlantic Ocean

Pacific Ocean

5

Pacific Ocean

4

ew i ev Pr

Teac he r

Arctic Ocean

Indian Ocean

© R. I . C.Publ i cat i ons 6 •f orr evi ew pur posesonl y• Southern Ocean

w ww

m . u

7 Write the name of each continent. Use the word box to help you.

1

2

. te

o c . che e r o t r s super North America 6 5

South America

3

7

Europe Antarctica Asia

4

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Australia Africa Beginning geography

95


Name

Continents and oceans Review 3 Tick the box next to the correct answer.

1. There are

r o e t oceans in the world. s B r e oo p 7, 5 8, 3 k u S continents and

2. The Arctic, Atlantic and Pacific

ew i ev Pr

Teac he r

6, 4

Oceans border North America. Indian

Southern

3. The three largest countries in North America are Canada, the United States of America and .

4. The coldest and iciest continent is

w ww Antarctica

5.

. te

Asia

Australia

o c . che Asia Europe e r o t r s super

is the largest continent.

Australia

6. The Amazon Rainforest is in Africa

96

.

Beginning geography

m . u

© R. I . C.Publ i cat i ons Cuba•f Panama Mexico orr evi e w pur poses onl y•

.

North America

South America

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C T I ON SE

4

Around the world with animals The final section of Beginning Geography focuses on the variety of animal life around the world. There is a world map followed by a map of each continent that shows examples of the animal life found in various regions of that continent.

How to use

r o e t s Bo r e p ok u S

You may use these maps in a number of ways:

Teac he r

• in conjunction with the study of each continent in Section 3—learning where interesting animals are found can help to engage students and enrich your geography studies

ew i ev Pr

• as a reference to science in the areas of biodiversity and ecosystems • as a springboard to nonfiction reading and writing on animal life.

Reproducible maps

Page

A world map .......................... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ......... 99 North America ....................... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ....... 100 South America ........................ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ........ 101

© R. I . C.Publ i cat i ons Europe . ................................ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ........ 103 f orr evi ew. . . .p Asia . .• . . ................................ . . . . .u ...r . . .p . . . .o . . . .s . . . .e . . .s . . . . .o ....n . . . .l . .y . . . . . .• . . . . . . . . ...... 104

Africa . . . ............................... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ........ 102

Australia .............................. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ........ 105

w ww

. te

m . u

Antarctica ............................. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ....... 106

o c . che e r o t r s super

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Beginning geography

Ocean

North America

South

o c . che e r o t r s super Ocean

Africa

Europe

© R. I . C.Publ i cat i ons •f orr evi ew pur posesonl y• Ocean

Indian

Antarctica

Southern Ocean

Atlantic

m . u

America

Ocean

Atlantic

. te

Pacific

Ocean

Arctic

Arctic

Ocean

Asia

Pacific

Australia

Ocean

r o e t s Bo r e p ok u S

ew i ev Pr

w ww

98

The world map is a flat picture that shows all the land and water on Earth. It shows the 7 continents and the 5 oceans.

Teac he r

A world map

Name

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Name

North America

r o 1 e t s B r e oo p u k S

ew i ev Pr

Teac he r

Arctic Ocean

2

© R. I . C.Publ i cat i ons •f orr evi ew pur posesonl y•

w ww

. te

1 2 3 4 5 6

Animal Polar bear Caribou Coyote Alligator Puma Spider monkey

m . u

Pacific Ocean

Atlantic Ocean

3

o c . che e 5 r o t r s super 4

Habitat Arctic Islands Frozen plain South-west deserts South-east wetlands Mountains Rainforest

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6

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Name

South America

r o e t s Bo r e p ok u 2 S

ew i ev Pr

Teac he r

1

3

© R. I . C.Publ i cat i ons •f orr evi ew pur posesonl y• Pacific Ocean

w ww

. te

5

m . u

4

Atlantic Ocean

o c . che e r o t r s super 1 2 3 4 5

100

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Animal Jaguar Anaconda Andean fox Llama Rhea

Habitat Rainforest Rainforest Deserts Mountains Grasslands

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Name

Africa

r o e t s Bo r e p ok u S 2

ew i ev Pr

Teac he r

1

3

© R. I . C.Publ i cat i ons •f orr evi ew pur posesonl y•

Atlantic Ocean

Indian Ocean

w ww

. te

m . u

4

o c . che e r o t r s super

Animal 1 Sheep 2 Camel 3 Lion 4 Gorilla

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Habitat Mountains Desert Grasslands Rainforest

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3

2

4

3

2

1

Animal Reindeer Brown bear Wild boar Ibex

© R. I . C.Publ i cat i ons •f orr evi ew pur posesonl y•

w ww

o c . che e r o t r s super Atlantic Ocean

. te

m . u

4

1

Arctic Ocean

Europe

r o e t s Bo r e p ok u S

ew i ev Pr

Teac he r

Habitat Frozen plain Forest Grassy plain Mountains

Name

102

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o c . che e r o t r s super

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Indian Ocean

m 5 . u

2

6

3

© R. I . C.Publ i cat i ons •f orr evi ew pur posesonl y• 1

Arctic Ocean

Teac he r

Beginning geography

6

5

4

3

2

1

Animal Arctic fox Giant panda Water buffalo Oryx Snow leopard King cobra

Pacific Ocean

r o e t s Bo r e p ok u S

ew i ev Pr

w ww

4

Asia

Habitat Frozen plain Forest Wetlands Desert Mountains Rainforest

Name

103


104

Beginning geography

5

4

3

. te

2

1

Animal Sugar glider Dingo Red kangaroo Koala Platypus

2

m . u

o c . che e r o t r s super

Habitat Rainforest Dry grasslands Desert Forest Wetlands

© R. I . C.Publ i cat i ons •f orr evi ew pur posesonl y• 3

1

5

4

Pacific Ocean

Tasmania

r o e t s Bo r e p ok u S

ew i ev Pr

w ww

Indian Ocean

Teac he r

Australia

Name

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Antarctica

r o e t s Bo r e 4 p ok u S

South Pole

ew i ev Pr

Teac he r

1

Southern Ocean

3

© R. I . C.Publ i cat i ons •f orr evi ew pur posesonl y•

w ww

. te

2 5

m . u

Southern Ocean

o c . che e r o t r s super 1 2 3 4 5

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Animal Adélie penguin Leopard seal Emperor penguin Weddell seal Killer whale

Habitat Ice sheet, ocean Rocky shore, ocean Ice sheet, ocean Ice sheet, ocean Ocean

Beginning geography

105


Answers Section 1

Page 4

Page 5

Page 6

Name

Name

A map is a drawing of a place from above. A map shows where things are.

What is a map?

Name

Looking at a map

A map is a drawing of a place from above. A map shows where things are.

This map shows a school. Listen and follow directions.

This is a map of Ben’s bedroom. Listen and follow directions.

A map is a drawing of a place from above.

Places on a map

A map shows where things are.

This map shows a town.

Brown Street

red

Main Street

Green Street

green brown

Yellow Avenue

yellow purple red

green

r o e t s Bo r e p ok u S

Pink Avenue

Fill in the blanks to complete the sentences.

Second

1. The school is on

Avenue.

Green

2. You go into the petrol station from

4. Colour the table purple.

2. Colour the rug yellow.

5. Colour the chest of drawers brown.

3. Colour the toy box green.

4

Beginning geography

Page 7 Name

Left or right?

cat

dog

bird

4. Colour the tree green.

2. Draw a circle around the sandpit.

5. Draw a child on the footpath.

Beginning geography

5

Page 8

6

Beginning geography

Page 9

Name

Name

At the zoo

Main

library

up

.

Street go by the park. R.I.C. Publications® www.ricpublications.com.au.

Treasure hunt

Left, right, up and down are directions.

Street.

Avenue.

4. Brown Street goes by the school and the 5. Green Street and

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Left and right are directions that help you find things.

Which direction would you go? Draw or .

1. Colour the building red.

3. Mark an X on the cars.

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First

3. Kari and Kim live on

ew i ev Pr

Teac he r

1. Colour the bed red.

Left, right, up and down are directions.

up

© R. I . C.Publ i cat i ons •f orr evi ew pur posesonl y• rabbit

fish

al

th

Pa

im

An

right

lef t

1. From the bird to the rabbit

right

lef t

Wild Way

Snak Shack

2. From the dog to the cat 3. From the fish to the bird

down

4. From the dog to the rabbit 5. From the cat to the fish

1. Start at the ship.

1. Which animal is up at the top?

2. Go up to the lake.

7

. te

Name

The four main directions on a map are north, south, east and west.

north

8

5. Go along the river. Go down to the village. 6. Go up to the three rocks.

3. Go left to the cave.

7. Go to the rock on the right.

m . u

w ww

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Which way?

Circle the correct answer.

2. Which animal is down at the bottom?

6. From the rabbit to the dog

Page 10

Listen and follow directions. Use a coloured pencil to draw a route to the buried treasure.

down

3. Which animal is to the left of the bear?

4. Go down to the log. Cross the river.

4. Which animal is to the right of the bear?

What treasure did you find? Draw it on the back of this paper.

Beginning geography

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8. Mark an X below the rock.

Beginning geography

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9

o c . che e r o t r s super Page 11

Page 12 Name

Name

On the farm

Around the town

The four main directions on a map are north, south, east and west.

The four main directions on a map are north, south, east and west.

north

north

Oak Street

You are here.

east

west

east

west

east Pine Street

Maple Street

west

Joe’s Home

Park Street

south south Start at X. Write the direction: north, south, east or west.

1. Look 2. Look 3. Look 4. Look

10

north west south east

Beginning geography

106

Read. Write north, south, east or west.

south

to see the car. to see the bike. to see the truck. to see the bus.

Follow the directions in order.

1. From the bank to the fire station, go

1. Draw a house south of the cow.

2. Park Street is

2. Draw an apple tree west of the horse.

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east

.

of Oak Street.

west . north of the supermarket. east of Maple Street.

3. To mail a letter, Joe walks

3. Draw a truck north of the tractor.

4. The hospital is

4. Draw a chicken south of the barn.

5. The supermarket is

5. Draw a pig east of the chicken. R.I.C. Publications® www.ricpublications.com.au.

south

Beginning geography

11

12

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Answers Page 13

Page 15

Name

Name

A compass rose

E stands for east

S stands for south

W stands for west

Name

Using a compass rose

A compass rose is a map symbol that shows directions.

N stands for north

Page 16

A compass rose is a map symbol that shows directions.

Look at the symbols. Write the word that each symbol could stand for on a map.

bridge

Cut out the direction words below. Glue them on the compass rose.

N W

l a k e

east

west

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13

Page 17

2. Which one is W of the table?

swings

sandpit

3. Which one is S of the sandpit?

umbrella

garden

r o a d

4.

b r i d g e

5.

s c h o o l

6.

l

4. Which one is E of the scarecrow?

swings

kennel

5. Which way does the fence run?

N and S

E and W

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15

16

2.

4

5

i b r a r y 6

I am on a map. I stand for a real thing.

s y m b o l

I am a

5

6

1

4

3

.

2

R.I.C. Publications® www.ricpublications.com.au.

Page 21 Name

Name

Making a map key

A map symbol is a drawing that stands for something real.

3

Beginning geography

Reading a map key

A map key is a list of symbols on a map. A map key tells what the symbols stand for.

Match each symbol with the name.

1.

1

2

Use the numbered letters to complete the sentence.

Page 20

Name

Symbols on maps

garden

school

ew i ev Pr

Teac he r

south

tyre swing

road

3.

Circle the answers. Use the compass rose to help you.

1. Which one is N of the dog?

library

2.

glue East

glue South

lake

f a r m

r o e t s Bo r e p ok u S

E S

north

farm

1.

glue North

glue West

A map symbol is a drawing that stands for something real.

Name that symbol

Exit

• road

A map key is a list of symbols on a map. A map key tells what the symbols stand for.

© R. I . C.Publ i cat i ons •f orr evi ew pur posesonl y• Main level

• hospital

Food court

Escalator

3.

• railway

Main entrance

4.

5.

• airport

Complete the map key. Write the name of each building next to the correct symbol.

Map key

• river

w ww

Beginning geography

A map can show how far it is from one place to another. This is called distance.

How far is it?

1. Which symbol stands for a river?

toy store

music store

2. The campground is next to the

sports store

Look at the two dogs. Count the squares to find the distance between them.

17

20

.

3. The river and the path meet at the

pet store

.

of the river.

5. The camping ground is

Beginning geography

.

4. To go from the woods to the lake, walk

sports store

. te

Name

toy store

music store

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Page 22

Circle the correct answer. Use the map key to help you.

pet store

m . u

6.

• mountain

o c . che e r o t r s super Page 23

lake bridge south

north

south

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hills lake north

21

Page 24

Name

Name

What is a map scale?

A map scale can help show distance. A map scale is like part of a ruler.

Here is a map scale. 1 centimetre stands for 1 kilometre. So, 2 centimetres would stand for 2 kilometres.

Scale

0

A map scale is a way to measure distance. It tells what measurement equals what distance.

Here is a map scale. 1 centimetre stands for 1 kilometre. So, 2 centimetres would stand for 2 kilometres.

1

1 cm = 1 km

Yummy Town

The distance is 4 squares.

Using a map scale

Scale

0

1

1 cm = 1 km

Cut out the ruler below. Use the scale and the ruler to answer the questions about Maya’s fun time map on page 25.

Map key

7 cm

bakery

This is Maya.

Count the squares to find the distance.

6

1.

3

2.

5

3.

squares

How many kilometres is it from Maya’s house to the

pizza shop

12 cm

5 cm

squares

2. swimming pool 3. movies 4. zoo

squares

5. toy store

Answer the questions.

4. The longest distance is between the

to the

3. From the

to the

2

km

?

5

cm =

5

km

?

3

cm =

3

km

km

6

7 10

11

12

13

14

15

16

Beginning geography

5

8 9

17 24

4

9

10

8

23

3

7

Beginning geography

2

11 6

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1

12 5

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0

13 4

pig

.

14

15

16

3

Beginning geography

2. From the

cm =

km

2

22

cow

2

?

km

.

5. The shortest distance is between the and the

to the

km

1

bird

1. From the

?

km

17 0

and the

cat

1 2 4 3 5

1. park ice-cream shop

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Beginning geography

107


Answers Page 27

Page 29

Name

Name

This is a map of the places in Fairy Tale World.

North Forest East Forest

Elf Acres Giants’ Garden

Northern Territory

South Forest

r o e t s Bo r e p ok u S Oceanside

red border

South Australia

Talking Trees Forest

New South Wales

This map shows five states.

orange

Unicorn Field

Queensland

green

green

A border is a dividing line between two places on a map.

A state border

Tasmania

A border is a dividing line between two places on a map.

What is a border?

Australian Capital Territory

Name

Victoria

Page 26

red Listen and follow directions.

Follow the directions.

2. Use orange to trace the border of Elf Acres.

2. Trace the border between South Forest and Timberland in yellow.

3. Trace the border between Giants’ Garden and Talking Trees Forest in red.

Meadow

South Forest

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What is a map grid?

1

B

27

blue

Page 33

Name

Name

Making a map grid

Each square on a map grid has a letter and a number. A map grid helps you find places on the map.

Look at the map of the state of Ohio on the other page. Trace the border of the state with your finger.

© R. I . C.Publ i cat i ons •f orr evi ew pur posesonl y• The monkeys are in square A1.

A

2

B

C

A1

B1

Now find the capital of Ohio. It is Columbus. Columbus is located at B3.

C1

1

3

Use the map grid to help you answer the questions.

A3 Cleveland Toledo 3. Which city is the farthest north? Ohio River 4. What forms the southern border of Ohio? 1. In which square is the city of Dayton found?

Look at this map grid. Circle the correct answer.

B2

C2

A3

B3

C3

2. Which city is found in square C1?

2

is in square

.

A3

5. Which two cities are located on the Ohio River? In which squares are they found?

B3

.

2. In square C1 there is a 3. The

A2

is in square

.

A2

Portsmouth Cincinnati

City name: City name:

3

B2

B4 A4 Lake Erie

Location: Location:

m . u

1. The

6. What body of water is named in square C1? .

w ww

4. In square C2 there is a

30

Beginning geography

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Page 35

Map skills Review 1 Write the directions on the compass rose.

W

E

W = west

Name

Name

Map skills

Map skills

Review 3

Tick the box next to the correct answer.

compass rose

grid square

map scale

state border

1. A map key has

map key

directions

1

0

playground •

symbol

compass rose

map scale

river

border

map grid

map key

1. This arrow A

B

1

North Forest

South Forest

C

river

Timberland

A6

3C

north south

east west

2. A map is a

hi oR ive r

Columbus

O

Dayton

Oceanside Cincinnati

border

right

2. How does a map key help you read a map?

.

It tells you what the symbols stand for.

left

OHIO

Lima

Cambridge

3

is pointing

down

Akron

2

4

of a place from above.

3. A map scale shows 1 cm = 10 km. How many kilometres apart are two places that are 3 centimetres apart on the map?

Portsmouth

sign

map grid Beginning geography

Beginning geography

name

drawing .

3. North, south, east and west are called directions

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4. Which of these is a correct grid location on a map?

1. What are the four main directions?

state border

D

Lake Erie

Toledo Cleveland

East Forest

city

map key

.

compass rose

Circle the correct answer.

Michigan

capital

map

Answer the questions.

Dark Plain

map key

Name each picture.

. grid

Oceanside

Misty Woods

borders

3. The dividing line between two places is called a

5B

South Forest Timberland

city

school •

city

border

grid square capital

forest •

symbols

1

1 cm = 1 km

petrol station •

that stand for places on the map.

2. Lines that form squares on a map make a

Scale

S

33

Page 37

A

Match each thing to its map symbol.

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o c . che e r o t r s super Page 36

Choose the correct words to name each drawing.

S = south E = east

31

Review 2

N

N = north

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. te

Name

108

29

Each square on a map grid has a letter and a number. A map grid helps you find places on the map.

Using a map grid

Cut out the squares on page 32. Glue the squares in the correct places on this map grid.

C

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Page 31

A map grid is a pattern of lines that form squares. Each square on a map grid has a letter and a number.

A

Beginning geography

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Page 30 Name

states.

no

5. Which state shares a border with four other states?

no

5. Does Elf Acres border Talking Trees Forest?

3

3. On this map, East Forest shares a border with

4. Does North Forest share a border with Oceanside?

yellow

ew i ev Pr

Teac he r

4. Which place has a border with four sides?Unicorn

Beginning geography

1. Trace the border of North Forest in red.

Australian tralian map

1. Trace the border between Giants’ Garden and Unicorn Field in green.

26

Western Australia

Timberland

35

36

Beginning geography

symbols

30

kilometres

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Answers Page 41

Page 42

Section 2

Name

Page 48

Name

Parts of a hill

A hill is a landform. A hill is a raised area of land. It is lower and smaller than a mountain.

Name

Parts of a mountain

The highest part of a hill is called the hilltop. The bottom of a hill is called the foot. A small, round hill is called a knoll.

A desert is a landform. A desert is a dry area that is sandy or rocky.

A desert habitat

It is a very high raised area of land. A mountain is higher and larger than a hill.

A mountain has three parts. The bottom is called the base. The steep sides are called slopes. The pointed top is called the peak. Follow the directions.

hilltop hilltop

hill foot

2. Colour the mountain.

r o e t s Bo r e p ok u S

knoll

slopes

knoll

Follow the directions.

peak

1. Write the three parts of the mountain on the lines.

hill

foot

A mountain is a landform.

1. Write hill, knoll, hilltop and foot on the correct lines.

3. Draw a tree on the top of the knoll.

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41

Page 50

Beginning geography

42

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Teac he r

2. Draw a cabin at the foot of the hill.

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Page 56 Name

Name

A river is a long, wide stream of water that flows across land.

Parts of a river

The Murray Darling River

A river is a long, wide stream of water that flows across land.

The Murray Darling River system is important for farmers in Australia. The water from the river system helps farmers to grow cotton, fruit and wheat, and to farm sheep and cattle.

Look at the river. Read the facts.

© R. I . C.Publ i cat i ons •f orr evi ew pur posesonl y• QUEENSLAND

source

More streams flow into the river. The river gets wider and faster along the way.

The place where a river ends is called the mouth. Rivers may empty into another river, a lake or an ocean.

Traced in blue

stream

Follow the directions.

1. Label the picture. Use the words stream, mouth and source.

NEW SOUTH WALES

s

Adelaide

The Murray Darling River

r ive

VICTORIA

SOUTHERN OCEAN

Melbourne

Did you know?

The land along the side of a river is called a bank.

56

canyon

1

3

2

desert

mountain

5

4

landforms

water

landforms

lake ocean river

hill island desert

Draw a line to match each word to the correct picture.

valley 8

7

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Landforms and bodies of water Review 2

Write the letter of the picture that matches the name of the landform.

Write the correct word on the line above each list.

hill

200 km

Name

Landforms and bodies of water

6

100

Page 69

Name

plain

volcano

Beginning geography

o c . che e r o t r s super Page 68

water

island

55

Review 1

Write the number of the picture that matches the name of the landform.

2 5 8 3 4 7 1 6

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Landforms and bodies of water

0

1. The source of the Darling River is the Murray River. Write S for source where they meet. 2. The mouth of the Murray River is the Southern Ocean near Adelaide. Write M for mouth there. 3. Trace the route of the Murray River in red. Trace the route of the Darling in blue.

m . u

w ww

Name

Traced in red

Follow the directions.

mouth

. te

Sydney

Mu rra yR

m

2. Colour the picture.

Page 61

Brisbane

SOUTH AUSTRALIA

Darling Riv er

The place where a river begins is called the source. This river begins at a lake. It begins as a small stream.

canyon

G D E B H C F A

1. canyon

A

D

G

B

E

H

C

F

2. desert 3. island

4. mountain 5. hill 6. plain 7. valley 8. volcano

plain Write the name of the body of water.

ocean

river

mountain

lake

Write the name of the body of water under each picture.

valley

volcano

lake

river www.ricpublications.com.au. R.I.C. Publications®

lake

ocean Beginning geography

river 61

68

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Beginning geography

69

109


Answers Page 70

Page 73

Name

Page 74

Section 3

Name

Name

The seven continents

Landforms and bodies of water Review 3

A continent is a large area of land. The seven continents are Africa, Antarctica, Asia, Australia, Europe, North America and South America.

An ocean is a large body of salt water. The five oceans are Atlantic, Pacific, Indian, Arctic and Southern.

The five oceans

Tick the box next to the correct answer.

1. The largest bodies of salt water in the world are called lakes oceans rivers 2. A

hill plain valley

. Arctic Ocean

America

is a large flat area of land.

green

Atlantic Ocean

r o e t s Bo r e p ok u S purple

Follow the directions.

Australia

Southern Ocean Antarctica

5. Colour Europe green.

1. Which ocean is east of North America?

Atlantic

2. Colour Antarctica purple.

6. Colour North America pink.

2. Which ocean is south of Asia?

Arctic

Indian

3. Colour Asia red.

7. Colour South America brown.

3. Which ocean is north of Europe?

Atlantic

Arctic

4. Which ocean is west of Africa?

Atlantic

Indian

Colour the oceans blue on the world map.

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Page 76

74

Beginning geography

Page 77

Name

Name

What is a globe?

A globe is a round model of the Earth. A globe shows the continents and oceans.

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North America

This globe picture shows only one side of the Earth. It shows 5 continents and 4 oceans.

This globe picture shows only one side of the Earth. It shows 2 continents and 2 oceans.

North America is a continent. There are many countries in North America.

• The 3 largest countries in North America are Canada, Mexico and the United States.

© R. I . C.Publ i cat i ons •f orr evi ew pur posesonl y• brown

Arctic Ocean

Europe

• The Atlantic, Arctic, and Pacific Oceans border North America.

pink

Africa

Asia

• North America has high mountains, hot deserts and many forests.

Atlantic Ocean

Pacific Ocean

blue

blue

South America

Pacific

ew i ev Pr

Teac he r

Circle the correct ocean. Use the compass rose to help you.

1. Colour Africa yellow.

4. Colour Australia orange.

A globe is a round model of the Earth. A globe shows the continents and oceans.

America

Indian Ocean

America

orange

brown

Page 75

North

South

Australia

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green

yellow

America

in the world.

What is a globe?

Pacific Ocean

Antarctica

Beginning geography

Pacific Ocean

Africa

South

5. What is the source of the Darling River? a lake the Southern Ocean the Murray River 6. Greenland is the largest island lake volcano

Europe

America

Africa

4. What is the beginning of a river called? course mouth source

Name

Asia

North

Asia

Europe

pink

3. Which landform is a deep valley with steep sides? canyon mountain volcano

70

red

North

Pacific

Indian

• The northern part of the continent is very cold. The southern part is warm.

Ocean

Ocean

yellow

Southern

Australia

Use the map of North America on page 78. Follow the directions and answer the questions.

Ocean

Antarctica

1. Colour the United States of America yellow.

orange

Canada

2. Which country is north of the USA? Colour it green. 3. Colour Mexico red. Colour.

4. To go to Mexico from the United States, in which direction would you travel?

1. Colour North America green.

1. Colour Africa brown.

w ww

2. Colour South America yellow.

Beginning geography

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Name

North America

75

76

Beginning geography

Alaska

5. Which US state is north of Canada? Colour it yellow, too.

3. Colour Europe and Asia pink.

. te

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o c . che e r o t r s super Page 79

Page 80

Name

Name

South America

South America

South America is a continent. There are many countries in South America.

• The largest country in South America is Brazil.

Arctic Ocean

yellow

south

2. Colour Australia orange.

3. Colour the Atlantic Ocean and the Pacific Ocean blue.

Page 78

m . u

Colour.

green

• Much of Brazil is covered by the Amazon Rainforest, a hot, wet jungle.

Alaska

• The Atlantic and Pacific Oceans border South America.

• South America has rugged mountains, grassy plains and a very dry desert.

Canada

green

Use the map of South America on page 80. Follow the directions and answer the questions.

Atlantic Ocean

Pacific Ocean

1. Colour the grasslands yellow. United States of America Pacific Ocean

Atlantic Ocean

yellow

2. In which part of the continent are the high mountains found? Circle the answer. east

4. The high mountains are near which ocean?

red

yellow

west

3. What ocean does the Amazon River empty into?

Mexico

Key

Atlantic

Amazon River

Pacific

grasslands rainforest

5. Colour the rainforest green.

mountains

78

Beginning geography

110

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Answers Page 82

Name

Page 84

Name

Name

Africa

Africa is a continent.

Africa

Key

There are many countries in Africa.

Asia

red

light brown

™Egypt, Kenya and Nigeria are three countries in Africa. ™The Atlantic and Indian Oceans border Africa.

Sahara

™Africa has large areas of grassy woodlands called savannas.

Arctic Ocean

yellow

™The largest desert in the world is in the northern part of Africa. It is called the Sahara Desert.

red

Indian Ocean

Alps

1. Colour the desert light brown.

Europe

r o e t s Bo r e p ok u S Atlantic Ocean

Use the map of Africa on page 82. Follow the directions and answer the questions.

Sahara

2. What is the name of the desert?

mountains

Page 81

desert

Beginning geography

Page 86

84

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Key

Sydney

green

Name

mountains

Key

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Antarctica

green

blue

© R. I . C.Publ i cat i ons •f orr evi ew pur posesonl y• Australia

Tasmania

blue

Name

Continents and oceans

brown

Indian Ocean 88

Southern Ocean

blue

Beginning geography

m . u

. te

Page 94

red

India

Himalayas

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o c . che e r o t r s super Page 95

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Page 96 Name

Name

Continents and oceans

Continents and oceans

Review 3

Review 2

Review 1

Southern Ocean

South Pole

Indian Ocean

China

Europe

Asia

w ww

Beginning geography

86

Beginning geography

Page 90

Name

Japan

Pacific Ocean

Beginning geography

82

Page 88

Name

Arctic Ocean

81

Pacific Ocean

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savanna

ew i ev Pr

Teac he r

Indian

Atlantic Ocean

Key

south

desert

north

5. Which ocean is on the eastern side of the continent?

orange

4. In which part of the continent is the Sahara Desert found? Circle the answer.

yellow

3. Draw a lion on the savanna. Colour the savanna yellow.

Tick the box next to the correct answer.

4

1. There are

Arctic Ocean

1

1

5

Pacific Ocean

5

Pacific Ocean

2

4

Indian Ocean

Pacific

oceans in the world.

7, 5

2. The Arctic, Atlantic and

Atlantic Ocean

3

continents and

6, 4

3

2

8, 3 Oceans border North America.

Indian

Southern

3. The three largest countries in North America are Canada, the United States and .

6

Cuba

Panama

Mexico

Southern Ocean

7

4. The coldest and iciest continent is Antarctica

Write the name of each continent. Use the word box to help you. Write the name of each continent and ocean on the lines. Use the word box to help you.

1

North America

North America

2

South America

South America

3

Pacific Ocean

4

Arctic Ocean

5 94

N o r t h

A m e r i c a

2

E u r o p e

5

A f r i c a

A u s t r a l i a

Atlantic Ocean

South America

3

A s i a

7

A n t a r c t i c a

Pacific Ocean

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Asia

6. The Amazon Rainforest is in

Europe

Africa

Antarctica

Australia

Europe .

North America

South America

Asia

4

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North America

Asia

is the largest continent. Australia

6

Arctic Ocean

Atlantic Ocean Beginning geography

1

5.

.

S o u t h

A m e r i c a

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95

96

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111

Beginning/Exploring Geography - Australian Curriculum Linked: Beginning Geography  

Beginning Geography (Ages 6-8) is a starter book for younger students that introduces geography skills and concepts. Buy now: http://www.te...

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