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Lower Comprehension with Pictorial and Context Clues

Written by George Moore

R.I.C. Publications RIC-0108 2.8/189

http://www.ricgroup.com.au


LOWER

FOREWORD Cloze is a well known teaching strategy for developing language skills in primary schools. The author has used his extensive experience as a classroom teacher and principal to write this series of books which provides cloze exercises that are varied and interesting. There are two main types of cloze exercises in this book –␣ exercises where answer lists are given and those where the children provide their own words. In both cases, reading strategies such as context clues, syntactic and semantic skills and word recognition etc. are practised. The factual passages enable the children to use their reading skills while learning interesting facts about a variety of topics. The imaginative passages will help to expand vocabulary and could be used as starting points for written expression. Children should provide their own words in cloze review situations and not select words from a given list.

CONTENTS

Sailing page 13 page 1 u © R. I . C . P b l i c a t i o n s page 2 Poem 2 page 14 Review page 15 page 3 •f orr evi e w pur p osesonl y • Fishing page 16 page 4

Introductory 1 Introductory 2 Sounds 1 Newspaper Report 1 Sounds 2 Sounds 3 Bird in a Tree Review Shipwrecked Poem 1 The Trip Review

Newspaper Report 2 Poem 3 Rabbits Letter 1 Letter 2 Review The Pond Review Answers

page 5 page 6 page 7 page 8 page 9 page 10 page 11 page 12

i

page 17 page 18 page 19 page 20 page 21 page 22 page 23 page 24 page 25


POINTS FROM RESEARCH ON CLOZE PROCEDURES

1.

Cloze exercises are very effective in developing reading/listening skills with primary/secondary pupils.

2.

Selective deletions are effective as teaching tools and can be used to practise selected aspects of language (nouns, verbs etc.).

3.

Teachers of younger children should precede written cloze exercises with oral cloze activities (for example, 'I rode to school on my .').

4.

Except in test situations, cloze exercises can be used with partners or small groups –␣ much verbal interaction.

5.

'Prompts' (initial letters, pictures, letter groups etc.) should be used in the initial stages with younger children before attempting passages without 'prompts'.

6.

© R. I . C.Publ i cat i ons •f orr evi ew pur posesonl y•

Answers are provided at the back of this book. However it is not possible to provide a complete list of possible answers. Teachers should use their discretion in marking activities and students should be rewarded for providing answers that show a use of context and pictorial clues contained in each activity.

ii


Cloze

Name:

Exercise 1

Introductory 1

The pictures tell you about the missing words. Put in your own words that fit the pictures and then you will have a story.

Kate climbed over the

to pick some pretty 1

for her sister Skye. She saw

in

2

3

away. Kate did not close the

the field so she 4

© soRa. I . C . P u b l i c a t i o n s bull got out and ran down the •f orr evi ew pur posesonl y• 5

. People from the small 6

farm closed their

near the

7

and said that 8

9

was wrong to ask her sister to pick some flowers. The animal was soon

back in the

. The gate was not left open this time! 10

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1


Cloze

Name: Introductory 2

Exercise 2

The pictures tell you about the missing words. Put in your own words that fit the pictures and then you will have a story.

The small boy

into the cool

and

1

2

. Then he climbed out and ate an

swam to the 3

After that he went into a and ©. R . I . C.Publ i cat i ons •f orr evi ew pur posesonl y• 5

4

played on the

. Soon he rode away on his 6

to his friend's

home, his

near the park. At

8

7

told his mother where he was. She

9

was angry and said his

would be cold. 10

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2


Cloze

Name: Sounds 1

Exercise 3

These letter groups are almost the same but they make different sounds. Put them into the spaces so you have a story about John.

– ock – ick – eck – uck – ack

For Christmas, John was given a toy r

et and a brand new

1

cr

et bat.

2

© R. I . C.Publ i cat i ons et in his •f orr evi ew pur posesonl y•

He was also given some money. He kept it in a p blue j

et he wore at school. On Monday, he spent 20c on a

4

raffle t

3

et. He wanted to win a p

5

6

et of lollies for

his sister. When the raffle numbers were ch l r

8

9

famous j R.I.C. Publications

7

ed, he was very

y. He had won some lollies for his sister and a tennis et for his mother. He also won a ride on a horse with a

10

ey.

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3


Cloze

Name: Newspaper Report 1

Exercise 4

Fill in the spaces in this newspaper report. Use the words from the list in the box.

police strangers hours safe never classes happy searched parents missing

DAILY TIMES For three

the police 1

2

the forest near the small town of Dawton.

Two young children had been reported

after

3

were © R. I . C.Publ i cat i on sworried and •f orr evi ew pur posesonl y•

going home from school. Their had called the

4

. Many times they had told their girls

5

to go with

. Teachers at the

6

7

school had also warned their

.

8

Luckily, this story had a 9

ending. They were both found and are now at home with their parents. 10

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4


Cloze

Name: Sounds 2

Exercise 5

Use the sounds in the box to fill in the spaces in the story below. The sentences should make sense if you use the sounds properly.

One n

a young b

told that he had to st

was

2

1

–ight –oy –art

his homework.

3

© R. I . C.Publ i cat i ons or evi ew ur po se sfirst opnl y• He put• onf the l r in hisp room and did the

of

5

4

, which was a

his work. He then played with his new t 6

br

red and yellow c

r

. He hoped to get his sums 8

7

so he worked hard. After he had done it all, he ate a 9

for his supper.

cream t 10

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5


Cloze

Name: Sounds 3

Exercise 6

The two sounds in the box look similar and have the same letters but they have different sounds. Use them to fill the spaces in the words below so the story makes sense.

My friend's n

– eam – ame

is Karen and she once 1

had a strange dr

. In it she was play2

near a flowing

ing a g 3

© R. I . C.Publ i cat i ons str . •f orr evi ew pur posesonl y• 4

Soon a witch c

by. The witch had a t

lion cub 6

5

with her and gave it cr

to drink. The witch let Karen hold it 7

. But then she woke up. It is a

and her eyes began to gl 8

sh

that she can't have the s

dream again. 10

9

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6


Cloze

Name: Bird in a Tree

Exercise 7

Use the list words below to fill the spaces so that the story makes sense. The picture will help you. Put one word into each space.

© R. I . C.Publ i cat i ons •f or r ev i ew p ur poseson l ybench • is after they have flown down from the . The The two

are sitting on the wooden

1

2

3

under a long

of a tall

. A large 5

4

is sitting near its

. It might chase the 7

6

other birds

so they don't

the three

8

9

from its nest. 10

owl seat

away eggs

birds branch

tree hills

nest steal

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7


Cloze

Name: Review

Exercise 8

Use your own words to fill the spaces so the story makes sense. The picture will help you. Put only one word into each space.

© R. I . C.Publ i cat i ons •f orr evi ew pur posesonl y• John is

with his

as he

1

2

on the floor in his room. He does not like his 3

and has left it in the

of the room. 5

4

and the family

The door is

has 7

6

come in to watch the young

. The two 8

behind him are not the 9

size. 10

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8


Cloze

Name: Shipwrecked

Exercise 9

Use your own words in the spaces so that the story makes sense. The picture will help you. Put only one word into each space. The

girls have been shipwrecked on the sandy 1

after strong north

blew them 3

2

has been

ashore onto an island. Their small 4

broken into

pieces and is now

on 6

5

and is s © R. I . C.Publ i cat i on •f orr evi ew pur posesonl y•

the sand. One girl has been

7

on a rock

her two friends. The sun is setting and it will

9

soon be

8

. 10

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9


Cloze

Name: Poem 1

Exercise 10

Use the list words below to fill the spaces in the poem so that it makes sense. The picture will help you. Put only one word into each space.

© R. I . C.Publ i caa t i on ssky, in bright blue •f orr evi ew pur posesonl y• The sun is

1

A few

A

clouds go drifting by.

2

glides along on the dark green

3

4

While happy

sing in the tallest

. 6

5

The gentle

run to the 7

Below the

8

that's built on the

.

9

sea white

10

sand waves

hot land

ship birds

tree house

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10


Cloze

Name: The Trip

Exercise 11

–aid –ane –ait

Use the letter groups in the box to fill the spaces below. You can then read the story. It must make sense.

–ade –ain –ate

THE TRIP Mother looked through the

and said it

windowp 1

was r

ing . She had to catch a tr

and

2

3

didn't want to be l

. They had a long walk down the

© R. I . C.Publ i cat i ons •f orr e vi ewnotpwur posesountil nl y and could the• rain 4

l

6

5

stopped.

a phone call

They m 7

for a taxi and p

ten 8

dollars. Soon they went through the

at the station. J

g 9

there on time! R.I.C. Publications

was glad she was 10

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11


Cloze

Name:

Exercise 12

Review

Use your own words to fill in the spaces so that the story makes sense. The picture will help. Use only one word in each space.

© R. I . C.Publ i cat i ons •f orr evi ew pur posesonl y• in the

David and Mary are enjoying a 1

. They are surrounded by tall

. Mary 3

2

is having a

but David has no

so he 5

4

one of the

has

from the plate. The 7

6

is waiting to see if they

any tiny 9

8

around the table for it to pick up. 10

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12


Cloze

Name: Sailing

Exercise 13

Use your own words in the spaces so that the story makes sense. The picture will help you. Put only one word into each space.

The

sharks in the ocean

round the 2

1

ship. The

with a black

3

the strong

on it flaps in 4

. The captain's sister

5

to 6

the sailors as she stands on the sandy

. She is 7

© R. I . C.Publ i cat i ons she is not in the water with the •f orr evi ew pur posesonl y• 8

9

because they are very

10

.

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13


Cloze

Name:

Exercise 14

Poem 2

Use the list of words and put in the words missing from the poem. Think about words which rhyme because this can help you.

LIST slow home sea cheetahs dogs sleep heaters

mice hide chase

Cats and Dogs Cats can catch 1

Wherever they go, But

can't catch rabbits, 2

!a © R. I . C.Publ i c t i ons •f orr evi ew pur posesonl y• They're far too

3

crocodiles

They don't 4

That lie by the

, 5

And can't catch monkeys Which

in a tree.

6

They should both stay at

7

And lie near the

, 8

Or both go to 9

And dream they are

! 10

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14


Cloze

Name:

Exercise 15

Review

Use your own words in the spaces so that the story makes sense. The picture will help you. Put only one word in each space.

© R. I . C.Publ i cat i ons •f orr evi ew pur posesonl y• The two

boys suddenly ran

busy road in

the

2

1

of an oncoming car. The poor

3

driving it used her

to bring the 5

4

. Afterwards, they

vehicle to a stop before it hit 6

her for saving their

and later

7

8

her some pretty 9

from the florist. 10

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15


Cloze

Name: Fishing

Exercise 16

Use your own words in the spaces so that the story makes sense. The picture will help. Use only one word in each space.

John's Uncle Tony is

from his small

It has a

. 2

1

written on the front and an 3

4

fixed to the back.

John is standing on the

5

near a tall

, 6

© R. I . C.P ubl i cat i ons . Tony hasn't seen John because he has •f orr evi ew pur posesonl y•

waving to his

8

7

a fish and is trying to

9

it before it

away. 10

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16


Cloze

Name: Newspaper Report 2

Exercise 17

Fill in the spaces in this newspaper report. Use the words from the list. WEEKLY NEWS

hospital sorry pecked eggs under chasing stitches cut climbing wrong

not need

and 5

he was soon back home. Some boys had been 6

thebirdsand

© R. I . C.Pubtrees l i ca t i ons to steal •f orr evi ew pur posesonl y•

the

7

8

from their nests. The boys were told

Last Sunday, Robert Evans was

it was

to raid 9

sometall

playing

nests.

They said they were

1

and would not

trees. Two magpies flew down and 10

him. He had a

do it again. That made Robert and

2

deep

on the

the magpies happy!

3

back of his head. His father took him to

Reporter: J. Hill

and the 4

doctor looked at it. The wound did R.I.C. Publications

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17


Cloze TRAVEL

Name:

Exercise 18

Poem 3

Use the words from the list and fit rails high sails here them into the poem below. float freeways travel people trains fly

Ships

on the sea

1

with white flapping

, 2

glide along tracks 3

on shiny steel

, 4

© R. I . C .Pu l i cat i ons above usb •f orr evi eand wp ur posesonl y• in skies wide, Planes

5

6

Buses roar along with

8

7

inside.

They're all going on holidays to towns far from

, 9

Which way would you 10

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18


Cloze

Name:

Exercise 19

Rabbits

Put your own words into the spaces below and find out some things about rabbits.

Rabbits make nice friendly

if you 1

look after them and are

to them. 2

They like to eat green lettuce

so 3

some in your

you will have to

© R. I . C.Publ i cat i ons at home. •f orr evi ew pur posesonl y• 4

5

each day.

Make sure you keep their hutch very 6

Rabbits are different

such as black, brown and white. 7

They are cute animals but the

thinks they are pests. 8

in his fields. They also make lots of

They eat the 9

10

on his farmland and hide in them when they see him. COLOUR YOUR PICTURES AFTER YOU CHECK YOUR ANSWERS

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19


Cloze

Name:

Exercise 20

Letter 1

Pick words from the list and put them into the letter to see what Ben wrote.

8 Page Street Newstown 16/2/93 Dear Nathan I'm going to watch the football

on Saturday with my 1

This means I can't go ©. R . I . C.Publ i cat i ons with the Cubs. If• you want to myp can. f o rr eborrow vi ew ur posesyou on l yI won't • be 2

3

4

it this weekend. I hope the

is good

5

6

like last year. I'll miss the

and it doesn't 7

round the camp

. You will have to

8

tell me the best ones

9

10

time I see you.

Your friend, Ben

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tent final using rain stories

fire next camping family weather 20


Cloze

Name:

Exercise 21

Letter 2

Put your own words in the spaces below and see what Amy wrote to her friend. 4 Happy Road Joytown 18/3/93 Dear Julie I am having a

for my seventh 1

. We are going to have 2

cream

and other tasty things to

© R. I . C.PubTony l i ca t i ons can come. My •f orr evi ew pur posesonl y• 3

.I

4

hope you and your

5

says she doesn't want you to bring a

6

for me unless you want to. When it is over, Dad will 7

you home. It will not be 8

as I have 9

the next day. So have you!

to get up for 10

Your friend, Amy

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21


Cloze

Exercise 22

Name: Review

Use your own words to fill the spaces so that the story makes sense. The picture will help you. Only put one word into each space.

© R. I . C.Publ i cat i ons •f orr evi ew pur posesonl y• Peter's

has hung her wet

1

. The three pairs of

3

hanging the ground will soon

10

7

9

4

the two trees. Her

5

on the

2

the clothes. The hot

can be seen is on

6

8

them and then they will be to take out the creases.

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22


Cloze

Name: The Pond

Exercise 23

Fill the spaces with words that fit into the sentences. Use the words in the list. The picture will help.

The

birds on the

and the two

© R. I . C.Publ i cat i ons in the are allso •f orr e vi ew pur po se nl y• 2

1

4

3

eat. The man is mowing the

He will uncover juicy They do not

to

.

6

for them to

7

9

5

the man with the

8

10

. as he

might use it. waiting pond

like three

ducks insects

gun lawn

roof enjoy

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23


Cloze

Name: Review

Exercise 24

Fill the spaces with your own words and make sensible sentences. The picture will help. Use a different word in each space.

The

1

3

is on a branch up in the away from the

because it climbed the

6

4

. It was

2

. The cat is clever

tree. It now

5

the dog to go back to its wooden

, 7

and drink itss milk. The dog © R. I . C.Publ i c at i on •f orr evi ew pur powhich ses onl y• is in can eat its food from the then the cat can climb

8

9

of its kennel. 10

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24


Answers Page 1 1. Fence 2. Flowers 3. Animals 4. Ran 5. Gate 6. Road/street, lane 7. Town/village 8. Doors 9. Skye 10. Field/paddock/ meadow Page 2 1. Dived 2. Water/river/lake 3. Bridge 4. Ice-cream 5. Park 6. Swings 7. Bike/bicycle 8. House/place 9. Sister 10. Meal/lunch/dinner/tea Page 3 1. Rocket 2. Cricket 3. Pocket 4. Jacket 5. Ticket 6. Packet 7. Checked 8. Lucky 9. Racket 10. Jockey

Page 7 1. Birds 2. Seat 3. Hills 4. Branch 5. Tree 6. Owl 7. Nest 8. Away 9. Steal 10. Eggs Page 8 1. Playing 2. Toys 3. Sits 4. Plane 5. Corner 6. Open 7. Cat 8. Boy 9. Pictures 10. Same Page 9 1. Poor/three 2. Beach/island/shore 3. Winds/wind 4. Boat 5. Two 6. Lying/sitting 7. Injured/hurt 8. Sitting 9. Near 10. Dark/night

Page 13 1. Three 2. Swim 3. Flag 4. Cross 5. Breeze/wind 6. Waves 7. Shore/beach 8. Glad/happy 9. Sharks 10. Frightening/ dangerous Page 14 1. Mice 2. Dogs 3. Slow 4. Chase 5. Sea 6. Hide 7. Home 8. Heaters 9. Sleep 10. Cheetahs Page 15 1. Foolish/silly 2. Across 3. Front 4. Woman/lady 5. Brakes 6. Them 7. Thanked 8. Lives 9. Gave/sent, bought 10. Flowers

Page 19 1. Pets 2. Kind/good 3. Leaves/plants 4. Grow/plant 5. Backyard/garden 6. Clean/tidy 7. Colours 8. Farmer 9. Grass/crops 10. Holes Page 20 1. Final 2. Family 3. Camping 4. Tent 5. Using 6. Weather 7. Rain 8. Stories 9. Fire 10. Next Page 21 1. Party 2. Birthday 3. Cakes/biscuits, buns 4. Eat 5. Brother 6. Mother 7. Present 8. Drive/walk, take 9. Late 10. School

© R. I . C.Publ i cat i ons •f orr evi ew pur posesonl y•

Page 4 1. Hours 2. Searched 3. Missing 4. Parents 5. Police 6. Never 7. Strangers 8. Classes 9. Happy 10. Safe Page 5 1. Night 2. Boy 3. Start 4. Light 5. Part 6. Toy 7. Bright 8. Cart 9. Right 10. Tart Page 6 1. Name 2. Dream 3. Game 4. Stream 5. Came 6. Tame 7. Cream 8. Gleam 9. Shame 10. Same

R.I.C. Publications

Page 10 1. Hot 2. White 3. Ship/boat 4. Sea 5. Birds 6. Tree 7. Waves 8. Sand 9. House 10. Land

Page 11 1. Windowpane 2. Raining 3. Train 4. Late 5. Lane 6. Wait 7. Made 8. Paid 9. Gate 10. Jane Page 12 1. Barbecue/picnic 2. Woods/bush/park 3. Trees 4. Drink 5. Glass/cup 6. Eaten 7. Bananas 8. Bird 9. Drop/leave 10. Crumbs

Page 16 1. Fishing 2. Boat 3. Number 4. Engine 5. Beach/shore 6. Tree 7. Uncle 8. Caught 9. Grab/seize 10. Gets

Page 22 1. Mother/sister 2. Washing/clothes 3. Line 4. Socks 5. Between 6. Basket 7. Under 8. Sun 9. Dry 10. Ironed

Page 17 1. Under 2. Pecked 3. Cut 4. Hospital 5. Stitches 6. Chasing 7. Climbing 8. Eggs 9. Wrong 10. Sorry

Page 23 1. Three 2. Roof 3. Ducks 4. Pond 5. Waiting 6. Lawn 7. Insects 8. Enjoy 9. Like 10. Gun

Page 18 1. Float 2. Sails 3. Trains 4. Rails 5. Fly 6. High 7. Freeways 8. People 9. Here 10. Travel

Page 24 1. Cat 2. Tree 3. Running 4. Dog 5. Tall/highest, tallest 6. Wants 7. Kennel 8. Down 9. Dish/plate 10. Front 25


Cloze: Ages 5-7