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submarine cable

ALMANAC FOREWORD

Welcome to the twenty‐third edition of the Submarine Cable Almanac, one of our most popular  reference tools. Since the last issue, we have updated every single entry with substantive change and added three  newly announced systems. You will also notice a change in presentation. Our R&D efforts over the  summer have introduced a new tool for the Cable Database: the Almanac is now a living and  breathing report that is tied directly to its source material. This new capability will help us deliver a  more accurate report, with less effort and at a moment’s notice. The data provided in this document is, as it ever has been, from the public domain and supplied by  owners and suppliers directly. If you see a system that needs updating, or know of an upcoming  system that needs to be represented, please feel free to contact us directly at  almanac@subtelforum.com.  I would like to thank our sponsors and supporters, without you this document and the others like it  would not be possible! Good reading, Kristian Nielsen Vice President


METHODOLOGY SubTel Forum’s 24th edition of Submarine Cable Almanac was produced by the analysts at STF Analytics,  which is a Division of Submarine Telecoms Forum, Inc., and provides submarine cable system analysis for  SubTel Forum’s Submarine Cable Almanac, Cable Map, Industry Report and Industry Newsfeed. STF Analytics  utilizes its proprietary Submarine Cable Database, which was initially developed in 2013 and modified with  real‐time data thereafter, and tracks some 400+ current and planned domestic and international cable  systems, including project information suitable for querying by client, year, project, region, system length,  capacity, landing points, owners, installers, etc. The Submarine Cable Database is purpose‐built by STF Analytics’ database administration team, which is  powered by SQL and retained on a Microsoft Azure platform. Data is collected from the public domain, and  is the most accurate, comprehensive, and centralized source of information in the industry. At present, STF  Analytics’ Submarine Cable Database is chronicling the work of some 18 financiers, 477 cable owners, 22  system suppliers, 12 upgraders, 15 system surveyors and 25 system installers. In addition, it manages data  for some 356 projects, across 7 regions and 842 landing points. To accomplish the quarterly Submarine Cable Almanac in line with SubTel Forum requirements, STF  Analytics conducted continuous data gathering throughout the year. Data assimilation and consolidation in  its Submarine Cable Database was accomplished in parallel with data gathering efforts. Below is a list of defined acronyms and terminology used in this document:  Cablehip – The names of all reported cableships that worked on the cable system Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps) – The capacity of individual wavelengths, express in gigabits per second Design Capacity (Tbps) – The maximum capacity available on a cable system, expressed in terabits per  second EOS – End of Service, the year a cable system is expected to reach end of life Fiber Pairs – The number of fiber pairs in the cable system Initial Capacity (Tbps) – The capacity a cable system launched with, expressed in terabits per second Landing Points – The cities where a cable system comes ashore Length (km) – The total length of the cable system, in kilometers Owners – The names of all reported companies reported as owning a stake in the cable system Region – Which of the six regions (Americas, AustralAsia, EMEA, Indian Ocean Pan‐East Asian, Transatlantic,  Transpacific) the cable system is in RFS – Ready for Service, the year a cable system entered service System Cost (USD) – The cost for the cable system project in US dollars System Installer – The names of all reported companies that installed the cable system System Supplier – The names of all reported companies that supplied the cable system Upgrader — The names of all reported companies that have performed a cable system upgrade Upgrade Capacity (Gbps) – The wavelength capacity a systm was upgraded to Upgrade Year – The years a cable system received an upgrade Wavelengths per Fiber Pairs – The number of wavelengths/channels on a single fiber pair


AAE‐1

............................................

9

Bharat‐Lanka

............................................

63

AAG

............................................

AC‐1

............................................

10

BICS

............................................

64

11

BIN

............................................

65

AC‐2 ACE

............................................

12

BIOS / Jonah

............................................

66

............................................

13

BLAST

............................................

67

Adones

............................................

14

Boracay‐Palawan

............................................

68

ADRIA‐1

............................................

15

Botnia

............................................

69

AEC

............................................

16

BRCS

............................................

70

AJC

............................................

17

BRUSA

............................................

71

Akorn

............................................

18

BSCS

............................................

72

Alasia

............................................

19

BSFOCS

............................................

73

Alaska United East

............................................

20

Cadmos

............................................

74

Alaska United West

............................................

21

Canalink

............................................

75

ALBA‐1

............................................

22

CanTaT‐3

............................................

76

Aletar

............................................

23

Caucasus Cable System

............................................

77

Alexandros

............................................

24

CB‐1

............................................

78

Alonso De Ojeda

............................................

25

C‐BUS

............................................

79

Alpal‐2

............................................

26

Ceiba‐2

............................................

80

American Samoa‐Fiji

............................................

27

CeltixConnect

............................................

81

Americas I

............................................

28

CFX‐1

............................................

82

Americas I South

............................................

29

CIOS

............................................

83

Americas II

............................................

30

CJFS

............................................

84

Amerigo Vespucci

............................................

31

C‐Lion 1

............................................

85

AMX‐1

............................................

32

Columbus II

............................................

86

Antel

............................................

33

Columbus III

............................................

87

Antilles Crossing

............................................

34

Concerto‐1

............................................

88

APCN 2

............................................

35

Corfu‐Bar

............................................

89

APG

............................................

36

Crosslake Fibre

............................................

90

Aphrodite 2

............................................

37

Danica North

............................................

91

APNG‐2

............................................

38

Danica South

............................................

94

Apollo

............................................

39

Danice

............................................

95

ARBR

............................................

40

DARE

............................................

96

Arcos‐1

............................................

41

DDSCN

............................................

97

Arctic Connect

............................................

42

Deep Blue Phase 1

............................................

98

ASC

............................................

43

Denmark‐Norway 5

............................................

99

ASE

............................................

44

Denmark‐Norway 6

............................................

100

ASH

............................................

45

Denmark‐Poland 2

............................................

101

Athena

............................................

46

Didon

............................................

102

ATISA

............................................

47

DMCS

............................................

103

Atlantis‐2

............................................

48

EAC‐C2C

............................................

104

Atlas Offshore

............................................

49

EaSSy

............................................

105

AURORA

............................................

50

Eastern Light

............................................

106

Austral

............................................

51

East‐West

............................................

107

AWE

............................................

52

EAUFON

............................................

108

Bahamas‐2

............................................

53

ECFS

............................................

109

Baltica

............................................

54

ECLink

............................................

110

BAR‐SAV

............................................

55

EIG

............................................

111

Bass Strait 2

............................................

56

EllaLink

............................................

112

BBG

............................................

57

Endeavour

............................................

113

BCS East

............................................

58

Estepona‐Tetouan

............................................

114

BCS East‐West Interlink

............................................

59

Estrecho de Magallanes

............................................

115

BDM

............................................

61

FA‐1 North/South

............................................

117

Best Cable System

............................................

62

Falcon

............................................

118


Far East

............................................

119

KJCN

............................................

178

Farice‐1

............................................

120

Kodiak Kenai

............................................

179

Farland

............................................

121

Kuwait‐Iran

............................................

180

Faster

............................................

122

LEV

............................................

181

Fehmarn Belt

............................................

123

LION

............................................

182

FibraLink

............................................

124

LION‐2

............................................

183

FLAG Europe‐Asia

............................................

125

Liquid Sea

............................................

184

Flores‐Corvo

............................................

128

MAC

............................................

185

FOG

............................................

129

Main One

............................................

186

GBICS

............................................

130

MAREA

............................................

187

GCN

............................................

131

Matrix

............................................

188

Gemini Bermuda

............................................

132

MAYA‐1

............................................

189

Georgia‐Russia

............................................

133

MBDC

............................................

192

GLO‐1

............................................

134

MCT

............................................

193

GlobeNet

............................................

135

Med Cable Network

............................................

194

GO‐1

............................................

136

MedNautilus

............................................

195

GOKI

............................................

137

Melita‐1

............................................

196

Gondwana‐1

............................................

138

MENA

............................................

197

Greenland Connect

............................................

139

MIC‐1

............................................

198

Greenland Connect North

............................................

140

Micronesia Cable System

............................................

199

GTT Express

............................................

141

Midgardsormen

............................................

200

GTT North/South

............................................

142

Minerva

............................................

201

Guantánamo Bay 2

............................................

143

MKCS

............................................

203

Guantánamo Bay Cable

............................................

144

Moana

............................................

204

GWEN

............................................

145

Monet

............................................

205

Hannibal

............................................

146

Mythic

............................................

206

Hantru‐1

............................................

147

NCP

............................................

207

Hawaiki

............................................

149

NCSCS

............................................

208

Hawk Cable System

............................................

150

NEPTUNE Canada

............................................

209

HK‐G

............................................

151

Norsea Com‐1

............................................

210

Honotua

............................................

152

Northstar

............................................

211

HSCS

............................................

153

Orval

............................................

212

Hugo

............................................

154

PAC

............................................

213

i2i

............................................

155

Palau‐Guam

............................................

214

ICN1

............................................

156

PAN‐AM

............................................

215

IFC‐1

............................................

157

Pangea

............................................

216

IG‐1

............................................

158

Paniolo

............................................

217

I‐ME‐WE

............................................

159

PC‐1

............................................

218

Indigo Central

............................................

160

PCCS

............................................

219

Indigo West

............................................

161

Peace

............................................

220

IOX

............................................

162

PEC

............................................

221

Italy‐Albania

............................................

163

PLCN

............................................

222

Italy‐Greece

............................................

166

PPC‐1

............................................

223

Italy‐Libya

............................................

167

Qatar‐UAE

............................................

224

Italy‐Monaco

............................................

168

Quintillion Subsea

............................................

225

JaKa2DeLeMa

............................................

169

Quintillion Subsea 2

............................................

226

JAKABARE

............................................

170

Quintillion Subsea 3

............................................

227

Japan‐US

............................................

171

RJCN

............................................

228

Jasuka

............................................

172

RNAL

............................................

229

Junior

............................................

173

SAC

............................................

230

Jupiter

............................................

174

SACS

............................................

231

KAFOS

............................................

175

SAEx

............................................

232

Khulna‐Chennai

............................................

177

SAIL

............................................

234


SAM‐1

............................................

235

WACS

............................................

290

Samoa‐Fiji

............................................

236

WALL‐LI

............................................

291

SAPL

............................................

237

WARF

............................................

292

SAS‐1

............................................

238

Western Visayas‐Palawan

............................................

293

SAT‐3

............................................

239

..............................................

0

SCAN

............................................

240

..............................................

0

SCF‐CN

............................................

241

..............................................

0

Scotland‐Orkney‐Shetland

............................................

242

..............................................

0

Seabras‐1

............................................

243

..............................................

0

Seacom

............................................

244

..............................................

0

SEAK

............................................

245

..............................................

0

SEA‐ME‐WE 3

............................................

246

..............................................

0

SEA‐ME‐WE 4

............................................

247

..............................................

0

SEA‐ME‐WE 5

............................................

248

..............................................

0

SEA‐US

............................................

249

..............................................

0

SEAX‐1

............................................

250

..............................................

0

SG‐SCS

............................................

251

..............................................

0

Shefa 2

............................................

252

..............................................

0

Silphium

............................................

253

..............................................

0

SJC

............................................

255

..............................................

0

SKR1M

............................................

256

..............................................

0

SMPCS

............................................

257

..............................................

0

SMPR‐1

............................................

258

..............................................

0

Solas

............................................

259

..............................................

0

Southern Cross Cable Network ............................................

260

..............................................

0

Southern Cross NEXT

............................................

261

..............................................

0

Svalbard

............................................

262

..............................................

0

Tangerine

............................................

263

..............................................

0

Tannat

............................................

264

..............................................

0

Tasman Global Access

............................................

265

..............................................

0

TAT 14

............................................

266

..............................................

0

TE North

............................................

267

..............................................

0

TEAMS

............................................

268

..............................................

0

TGN Eurasia

............................................

269

..............................................

0

TGN Gulf

............................................

270

..............................................

0

TGN Intra‐Asia

............................................

271

..............................................

0

TGN Northern Europe

............................................

272

..............................................

0

TGN Transatlantic

............................................

273

..............................................

0

TGN Transpacific

............................................

274

..............................................

0

TGN Western Europe

............................................

275

..............................................

0

TGN‐TIC

............................................

276

..............................................

0

TIS

............................................

277

..............................................

0

Tobruk‐Emased

............................................

278

..............................................

0

Tonga‐Fiji

............................................

279

..............................................

0

TPE

............................................

280

..............................................

0

Trident

............................................

281

..............................................

0

TSE‐1

............................................

282

..............................................

0

Tui‐Samoa

............................................

283

..............................................

0

TWA‐1

............................................

284

..............................................

0

Ugarit

............................................

285

..............................................

0

Unisur

............................................

286

..............................................

0

Unity

............................................

287

..............................................

0

VMSCS

............................................

289

..............................................

0


ADVERTISER INDEX STF Industry Report

............................................

8

Huawei

............................................

92

OFS

............................................

126

STF Analytics

............................................

148

Sub Optic

............................................

164

TE Sub Com

............................................

190

WFN Strategies

............................................

202

STF Industry Report

............................................

254


AAE‐1

Landing Points

ASIA AFRICA EUROPE

• Barka (Oman)

• Marseilles (France)

• (Hong Kong)

• Vung Tau (Vietnam)

• (Singapore)

• Penang (Malaysia)

• Satun & Songkhla (Thailand)

• (India)

• Karachi (Pakistan)

• Fujairah (UAE)

• Ngwe Saung (Myanmar)

• Aden (Yemen)

• Djibouti (Djibouti)

• Jeddah (Saudi Arabia)

• Zafarana (Egypt)

• Abu Talat (Egypt)

• Chania (Greece)

• Bari (Italy)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Capacity per Wavelength  (Gbps) Owners

• Doha (Qatar)

System Supplier Region

2017 2042 $800,000,000 25,000 40 5 80 100 China Unicom, CIL, Djibouti  Telecom, Etisalat, GT5L, HKT  (PCCW Global), Mobily,  Omantel, Ooredoo, OTE, PTCL,  Reliance Jio, Retelit, Telecom  Yemen, TOT, Viettel TE SubCom EMEA, Indian Ocean Pan‐East  Asian

Page 9 of 293 pages


AAG

Landing Points

ASIA‐AMERICA GATEWAY

• Mersing (Malaysia)

• Keawaula (Hawaii)

• Changi (Singapore)

• Lantau (Hong Kong)

• La Union (Philippines)

• Sri Racha (Thailand)

• Tanguisson (Guam)

• Vung Tau (Vietnam)

• Grover Beach (USA)

• Tungku (Brunei)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Capacity per Wavelength  (Gbps) Owners

System Supplier System Installer

Cableship Upgrader

2009 2034 $500,000,000 20,547 2.88 2.88 3 96 100 AT&T Inc., BayanTel, Bharti, BT  Global Network Services, CAT  Telecom, ETPI, FPT Telecom,  Government of Brunei  Darussalam, PLDT, PT Indosat,  Saigon Postel Corporation,  StarHub, Telcotech, Telekom  Malaysia, TELKOM Indonesia,  Telstra, TM Berhad, TNZL,  Viettel, VNPT Mitsubishi Electric Corporation Alcatel Submarine Networks,  ASEAN Cableship, Orange  Marine, Telekom Malaysia Asean Protector Ciena, Ciena Page 10 of 293 pages


AC‐1

Landing Points

ATLANTIC CROSSING 1

• Westerland (Germany)

• Brookhaven (United States)

• Whitesands Bay (United Kingdom)

• Beverwijk (Netherlands)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Owners System Supplier System Installer Upgrader Upgrade Year Upgrade Capacity (Gbps)

1999 2024 $875,000,000 13,377 0.04 2 4 Level 3 Communications Tyco Telecommunications SSI Tyco Telecommunications SSI Xtera 2010 20

Page 11 of 293 pages


AC‐2

Landing Points • Widemouth (United Kingdom)

ATLANTIC CROSSING 2 • Bellport (United States)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Owners Upgrader Upgrade Year Upgrade Capacity (Gbps) Region

2000 2025 $700,000,000 6,185 0.32 2.5 Level 3 Communications Infinera 2010 10 Transatlantic

Page 12 of 293 pages


ACE

Landing Points

AFRICA COAST TO EUROPE

• Kribi (Cameroon)

• Lisbon (Portugal)

• Lome (Togo)

• Luanda (Angola)

• Monrovia (Liberia)

• Muanda (DRC)

• Penmarch (France)

• Sucujaque (Guinea‐Bissau)

• Swakopmund (Namibia)

• Tenerife (Spain)

• Santana (São Tomé and Príncipe)

• Nouakchott (Mauritania)

• Lagos (Nigeria)

• Freetown (Sierra Leone)

• Dakar (Senegal)

• Cotonou (Benin)

• Conakry (Guinea)

• Cape Town (South Africa)

• Bata (Equatorial Guinea)

• Banjul (The Gambia)

• Asilah (Morocco)

• Accra (Ghana)

• Abidjan (Ivory Coast)

• Libreville (Gabon)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Design Capacity (Tbps) Capacity per Wavelength  (Gbps) Owners

System Supplier System Installer Region

2012 2037 $700,000,000 17,000 12.8 100 Benin Telecoms, Cable  Consortium of Liberia,  Canalink Africa SL, Côte  d’Ivoire Telecom, Dolphin  Telecom JLT, Gambia  Submarine Cable, Guinéenne  de Large Bande, International  Mauritania Telecom, MEO,  MTN Group, Orange  Cameroun, Orange Mali,  Orange Niger, Republic of  Equatorial Guinea, Republic of  Gabon, République of  Cameroun, Sierra Leone Cable  Company, STP Cabo TE SubCom Orange Marine EMEA

Page 13 of 293 pages


Adones

Landing Points

ANGOLA DOMESTIC NETWORK SYSTEM

• Soyo (Angola)

• Cabinda (Angola)

• Luanda (Angola)

• Lucira (Angola)

• Namibe (Angola)

• Porto Amboim (Angola)

• Benguela (Angola)

• Nzeto (Angola)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Owners System Supplier System Installer Cableship Region

2009 2034 $35,000,000 1,800 0.03 0.08 Angola Telecom Ericsson Elettra Teliri EMEA

Page 14 of 293 pages


ADRIA‐1

Landing Points • Durres (Albania) • Corfu (Greece)

ADRIA‐1 • Dubrovnik (Croatia)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Owners System Installer Region

2000 2025 $13,400,000 430 0.000622 0.000622 OTE Alcatel Submarine Networks EMEA

Page 15 of 293 pages


AEC

Landing Points • Killala (Ireland)

AMERICA EUROPE CONNECT • Shirley (United States)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Capacity per Wavelength  (Gbps) Owners System Supplier Region

2016 2041 $300,000,000 5,536 78 6 130 100 AquaComms TE SubCom Transatlantic

Page 16 of 293 pages


AJC

Landing Points

AUSTRALIA‐JAPAN CABLE

• Tanguisson (Guam)

• Oxford Falls (Australia)

• Maruyama (Japan)

• Tumon (Guam)

• Shima (Japan)

• Sydney (Australia)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Capacity per Wavelength  (Gbps) Owners

System Supplier System Installer Upgrader Upgrade Year Upgrade Capacity (Gbps)

2001 2026 $520,000,000 12,224 0.32 25.6 4 64 100 Australia Japan Cable Limited,  Communications Global  Network Services Limited,  KDD, SoftBank Telecom Corp,  SOFTBANK Telecom Corp.,  Telstra Holdings No. 1 Limited,  Worldcom Global Networks  Limited Ocean Cable Company, Tyco  Telecommunications FCR, KDD, Tyco  Telecommunications Infinera, Infinera 2012, 2014 40, 40 Page 17 of 293 pages


Akorn

Landing Points • Florence (United States)

AKORN • Anchorage (United States)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Owners System Supplier System Installer Region

2009 2034 $100,000,000 2,968 0.01 0.01 4 Alaska Communications  Systems Tyco Telecommunications Tyco Telecommunications Americas

Page 18 of 293 pages


Alasia

Landing Points • Tartus (Syria)

ALASIA • Pentaskhinos (Cyprus)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Capacity per Wavelength  (Gbps) Owners

Region

2012 2037 $15,000,000 350 25.6 8 40 40 Cyprus Telecommunications  Authority, Syrian  Telecommunications Authority EMEA

Page 19 of 293 pages


Alaska United East

Landing Points

ALASKA UNITED EAST

• Valdez (United States)

• Juneau (United States)

• Harbor Pointe (United States)

• Whittier (United States)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Owners Region

1999 2024 $100,000,000 3,751 0.0025 0.01 2 GCI Americas

Page 20 of 293 pages


Alaska United West

Landing Points • Warrenton (United States) • Whittier (United States)

ALASKA UNITED WEST • Ketchikan (United States)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Owners System Supplier System Installer Region

2004 2029 $30,000,000 2,483 0.01 0.64 4 GCI Tyco Telecommunications SSI Tyco Telecommunications SSI Americas

Page 21 of 293 pages


ALBA‐1

Landing Points

ALBA‐1

• Siboney (Cuba)

• Santiago De Cuba (Cuba)

• Ocho Rios (Jamaica)

• Camuri (Venezuela)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Owners System Installer

Cableship Region

2013 2038 $72,000,000 1,600 0.64 5.12 Telecom Venezeula, Transbit  SA Alcatel‐Lucent Shanghai Bell,  Telecomunicaciones Gran  Caribe RV Ridley Thomas Americas

Page 22 of 293 pages


Aletar

Landing Points • Tartus (Syria)

ALETAR • Alexandria (Egypt)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Owners

System Installer Region

1997 2022 $23,000,000 733 0.005 0.005 1 Lebanese Ministry of  Telecommunications, Syrian  Telecom Alcatel Submarine Networks,  FCR EMEA

Page 23 of 293 pages


Alexandros

Landing Points • Alexandria (Egypt) • Pentaskhinos (Cyprus)

ALEXANDROS • Marseille (France)

RFS Year EOS Year Length (km) Design Capacity (Tbps) Owners Region

2010 2035 3,500 10 Cyprus Telecommunications  Authority EMEA

Page 24 of 293 pages


Alonso De Ojeda

Landing Points • Oranjestad (Aruba)

ALONSO DE OJEDA • Willemstad (Netherlands Antilles)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Owners System Supplier System Installer Region

1999 2024 $8,700,000 128 0.015 0.1 Antelecom NV, Setar IT International Telecom Alcatel Submarine Networks,  IT International Telecom Americas

Page 25 of 293 pages


Alpal‐2

Landing Points • Ses Covetes (Majorca)

ALPAL‐2 • El Djemila (Algeria)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Owners System Supplier System Installer Region

2002 2027 $17,600,000 312 0.01 0.16 4 APT, France Telecom,  Telefonica Pirelli Global Marine Systems Limited EMEA

Page 26 of 293 pages


American Samoa‐Fiji

PROJECT COMPLETION PHASES Pre‐Engineering

Landing Points • (Fiji)

Survey

System Manufacture

System Installation

Commissioning & Acceptance

AMERICAN SAMOA‐FIJI • Pago Pago (American Samoa)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Owners Region

2020 2044 $35,000,000 0.04 0.04 American Samoa Hawaii Cable AustralAsia

Page 27 of 293 pages


Americas I

Landing Points • Vero Beach (United States)

AMERICAS I • Magens Bay (Virgin Islands)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Owners System Supplier System Installer Upgrader Upgrade Year Upgrade Capacity (Gbps) Region

1994 2019 $220,000,000 2,013 0.12 0.32 AT&T Inc., CANTV, Embratel,  TSTT AT&T Submarine System, Inc. AT&T Submarine System, Inc. Xtera 2010 20 Americas

Page 28 of 293 pages


Americas I South

Landing Points

AMERICAS I SOUTH

• Magens Bay (Virgin Islands)

• Camuri (Venezuela)

• Macqueripe (Trinidad)

• Fortaleza (Brazil)

RFS Year EOS Year Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Owners

System Supplier System Installer

Region

1994 2019 6,014 0.00056 0.00056 AARNet, AT&T Inc., Cable &  Wireless, CANTV, Embratel,  TSTT AT&T Submarine System, Inc. Alcatel Submarine Networks,  AT&T Submarine System, Inc.,  Cable & Wireless Americas

Page 29 of 293 pages


Americas II

Landing Points

AMERICAS II

• Willemstad (Netherlands Antilles)

• St Croix (US Virgin Islands)

• Miramar (Puerto Rico)

• Lamentine (France)

• Hollywood (United States)

• Fortaleza (Brazil)

• Chaguaramas (Trinidad)

• Cayenne (French Guiana)

• Camuri (Venezuela)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Capacity per Wavelength  (Gbps) Owners

System Supplier

System Installer Region

2000 2025 $350,000,000 8,373 0.08 1.48 12 40 Antelecom NV, AT&T Inc.,  Brazil Telecom, CANTV,  Embratel, France Telecom,  GT&T, Sprint, Telecom Italia,  Telefonica, Telesur, Telintar,  Trescom Int., TSTT, Verizon ASN Australia, Tyco  Telecommunications, Tyco  Telecommunications SSI Tyco Telecommunications,  Tyco Telecommunications SSI Americas

Page 30 of 293 pages


Amerigo Vespucci

Landing Points • Curacao (Curacao)

AMERIGO VESPUCCI • Bonaire (Netherlands)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Region

1999 2024 $15,000,000 84 Americas

Page 31 of 293 pages


AMX‐1

Landing Points • Cancun (Mexico)

• Puerto Plata (Dominican Republic)

• Rio de Janeiro (Brazil)

• Salvador de Bahia (Brazil)

• Fortaleza (Brazil)

• Cartagena (Colombia)

• Barranquilla (Colombia)

• Puerto Barrios (Guatemala)

• San Juan (Puerto Rico)

• Miami (United States)

• Jacksonville (United States)

AMERICA MOVIL SUBMARINE CABLE  SYSTEM‐1 RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Capacity per Wavelength  (Gbps) Owners Region

2014 2039 $700,000,000 17,800 0.1 50 100 100 America Movil Americas

Page 32 of 293 pages


Antel

Landing Points • Maldonado (Uruguay)

ANTEL • Las Toninas (Argentina)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Owners System Supplier System Installer Region

2010 2035 $15,000,000 250 0.05 3.84 Antel, Telecom Agrentina IT International Telecom IT International Telecom Americas

Page 33 of 293 pages


Antilles Crossing

Landing Points • Bridgetown (Barbados) • Hams Bluff (Virgin Islands)

ANTILLES CROSSING • Port Castries (St Lucia)

RFS Year EOS Year Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Owners

System Supplier System Installer Upgrader Upgrade Year Upgrade Capacity (Gbps) Region

2006 2031 952 0.04 0.16 Antilles Crossing, Barbados  Light & Power, Leucadia,  Telebarbados Tyco Telecommunications SSI Tyco Telecommunications SSI Ciena 2013 40 Americas

Page 34 of 293 pages


APCN 2

Landing Points

ASIA‐PACIFIC CABLE NETWORK 2

• Lantau (Hong Kong)

• Batangas (Philippines)

• Chikura (Japan)

• Chongming (China)

• Katong (Singapore)

• Kuantan New Port (Malaysia)

• Pusan (South Korea)

• Shantou (China)

• Tanshui (Taiwan)

• Kitaibaraki (Japan)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Capacity per Wavelength  (Gbps) Owners

System Supplier System Installer Upgrader Upgrade Year Upgrade Capacity (Gbps) Region

2002 2027 $1,100,000,000 19,000 0.16 25.6 4 64 100 China Telecom, Chunghwa  Telecom International, CTM,  France Telecom, PLDT, Reach  NHK, Telekom Malaysia, TM  Berhad Ocean Cable Company Global Marine Systems  Limited, Telekom Malaysia NEC, NEC 2011, 2014 40, 40 AustralAsia

Page 35 of 293 pages


APG

Landing Points

ASIA PACIFIC GATEWAY

• ShinMaruyama (Japan)

• Chongming (China)

• Da Nang (Vietnam)

• Kuantan (Malaysia)

• Tseung Kwan (Hong Kong)

• Songkhla (Thailand)

• Shima (Japan)

• Nanhui District (China)

• Toucheng (Taiwan)

• Tanah Merah (Singapore)

• Busan (South Korea)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Design Capacity (Tbps) Capacity per Wavelength  (Gbps) Owners

System Installer Region

2016 2041 $313,000,000 10,400 54 100 China Telecom, China Unicom,  Chunghwa Telecom  International, Facebook, FPT  Corp., PLDT, StarHub, Telekom  Malaysia, TIME dotCom, VNPT S.B. Submarine Systems,  Telekom Malaysia AustralAsia

Page 36 of 293 pages


Aphrodite 2

Landing Points • Yeroskipos (Cyprus)

APHRODITE 2 • Chania (Greece)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Owners

System Installer Region

1994 2019 $30,000,000 868 0.00112 0.00112 Belgacom, British  Telecommunications PLC,  Cyprus Telecommunications  Authority, France Telecom,  OTE, Sprint, Verizon Alcatel Submarine Networks EMEA

Page 37 of 293 pages


APNG‐2

Landing Points • Port Moresby (Papua New Guinea)

AUSTRALIA PAPUA NEW GUINEA 2 • Sydney (Australia)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Owners System Installer Region

2006 2031 $11,000,000 3,400 0.00112 0.00112 2 Telikom PNG, Telstra Alcatel Submarine Networks AustralAsia

Page 38 of 293 pages


Apollo

Landing Points

APOLLO

• Lannion (France)

• Brookhaven (United States)

• Manasquan (United States)

• Widemouth (United Kingdom)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Capacity per Wavelength  (Gbps) Owners System Supplier System Installer Upgrader

Upgrade Year Upgrade Capacity (Gbps) Region

2003 2028 $350,000,000 12,700 0.01 64 4 80 100 Alcatel, Apollo SCS Limited,  C&W Alcatel Alcatel Submarine Networks Alcatel‐Lucent Submarine  Networks, Alcatel‐Lucent  Submarine Networks 2012, 2014 40, 40 Transatlantic

Page 39 of 293 pages


ARBR

PROJECT COMPLETION PHASES Pre‐Engineering

Survey

System Manufacture

System Installation

Landing Points • Las Toninas (Argentina)

Commissioning & Acceptance

ARBR • Praia Grande (Brazil)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Owners Region

2018 2043 $20,000,000 48 48 4 Seabras Group, Werthein  Grupo Americas

Page 40 of 293 pages


Arcos‐1

Landing Points

ARCOS‐1

• San Juan (Puerto Rico)

• Puerto Lempira (Honduras)

• Puerto Limon (Costa Rica)

• Puerto Plata (Dominican Republic)

• Punta Cana (Dominican Republic)

• Riohacha (Columbia)

• Punto Fijo (Venezuela)

• Trojillo (Honduras)

• Ustupo (Panama)

• Puerto Cortes (Honduras)

• Willemstad (Netherlands Antilles)

• Cat Island (Bahamas)

• Cancun (Mexico)

• Bluefields (Nicaragua)

• Cartagena (Columbia)

• Crooked Island (Bahamas)

• Hollywood (United States)

• Puerto Cabezas (Nicuragua)

• Ladyville (Belize)

• Maria Chiquita (Panama)

• Nassau (The Bahamas)

• Providenciales (Turks and Caicos 

• Puerto Barrios (Guatemala)

Islands) • Tulum (Mexico)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Owners

System Supplier System Installer Upgrader Upgrade Year Upgrade Capacity (Gbps) Region

2001 2026 $250,000,000 8,700 0.08 8.4 12 Alestra, Axtel, BTC, BTL, C&W  Networks, CANTV, Codetel,  Enitel, Hondutel, ICE, Impsat,  Internexa, Orbinet SA, Racsa,  Telecarrier, Tricom, Ultracom,  UTS, Verizon NSW, Tyco  Telecommunications Tyco Telecommunications Xtera, Xtera 2008, 2016 40, 40 Americas

Page 41 of 293 pages


Arctic Connect

PROJECT COMPLETION PHASES Pre‐Engineering

Landing Points

System Manufacture

System Installation

Commissioning & Acceptance

ARCTIC CONNECT NORTHEAST PASSAGE

• Beijing (China)

• Emi (Japan)

• Vladivostok (Russia)

• Teriberka (Russia)

• Kirkenes (Norway)

Survey

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Capacity per Wavelength  (Gbps) Region

2021 2046 $500,000,000 10,500 30 6 100 Arctic

Page 42 of 293 pages


ASC

PROJECT COMPLETION PHASES Pre‐Engineering

Landing Points • Anyer (Indonesia) • Perth (Australia)

Survey

System Manufacture

System Installation

Commissioning & Acceptance

AUSTRALIA‐SINGAPORE CABLE • Tanah Mera (Singapore)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Capacity per Wavelength  (Gbps) Owners

System Installer Region

2018 2043 $170,000,000 4,600 40 4 150 100 Australia‐Singapore Cable  International Limited, Vocus  Communications Alcatel Submarine Networks AustralAsia

Page 43 of 293 pages


ASE

Landing Points

ASIA SUBMARINE‐CABLE EXPRESS

• (Japan)

• (Philippines)

• (Hong Kong)

• (Malaysia)

• (Singapore)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Capacity per Wavelength  (Gbps) Owners System Supplier System Installer Region

2013 2038 $412,000,000 7,200 15.36 6 128 40 PLDT, StarHub, Telekom  Malaysia, TM Berhad Fujitsu S.B. Submarine Systems,  Telekom Malaysia AustralAsia

Page 44 of 293 pages


ASH

Landing Points • Keawaula (United States)

AMERICA SAMOA HAWAII • Pago Pago (American Samoa)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Owners Region

2009 2034 $100,000,000 4,680 0.0012 0.0012 2 American Samoa Government,  eLandia International AustralAsia

Page 45 of 293 pages


Athena

Landing Points • Pentaskhinos (Cyprus)

ATHENA • Koropi (Greece)

RFS Year EOS Year Length (km) Owners Region

2011 2036 600 Cyprus Telecommunications  Authority EMEA

Page 46 of 293 pages


ATISA

Landing Points

ATISA

• Tachognya Beach (Northern 

• Sasanlagu (Northern Mariana 

Mariana Islands) • Sugar Dock (Saipan)

Islands) • Piti (Guam)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Fiber Pairs Owners System Supplier Region

2017 2042 $7,000,000 280 6 DOCOMO Pacific NEC AustralAsia

Page 47 of 293 pages


Atlantis‐2

Landing Points

ATLANTIS‐2

• Funchal (Portugal)

• Las Toninas (Argentina)

• Conil (Spain)

• Dakar (Senegal)

• El Medano (Spain)

• Rio de Janeiro (Brazil)

• Lisbon (Portugal)

• Praia (Cape Verde)

• Fortaleza (Brazil)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Capacity per Wavelength  (Gbps) Owners

System Supplier System Installer Region

2000 2025 $370,000,000 13,100 0.04 0.16 2 8 40 Cabo Verde Telecom,  Embratel, France Telecom,  Marconi, Telecom Argentina,  Telecom Italia, Telefonica,  Telefonica de Argentina,  Telintar, Verizon Fujitsu, Pirelli Alcatel Submarine Networks,  FCR Transatlantic

Page 48 of 293 pages


Atlas Offshore

Landing Points • Marseille (France)

ATLAS OFFSHORE • Asilah (Morocco)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Owners Region

2007 2032 $31,000,000 1,634 0.04 0.32 Maroc Telecom of Morocco EMEA

Page 49 of 293 pages


AURORA

Landing Points • Manta (Ecuador)

AURORA • Sarasota (United States)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Owners Region

2018 2043 $310,000,000 2,000 15 FP Telecommunications Americas

Page 50 of 293 pages


Austral

PROJECT COMPLETION PHASES Pre‐Engineering

Survey

System Manufacture

Landing Points • Punta Arenas (Chile)

System Installation

Commissioning & Acceptance

AUSTRAL • Puerto Montt (Chile)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Owners System Supplier System Installer Region

2018 2043 $100,000,000 1,800 AUSTRAL University of  Magellan, Magellan CPC Huawei Marine Networks, IT  International Telecom IT International Telecom Americas

Page 51 of 293 pages


AWE

PROJECT COMPLETION PHASES Pre‐Engineering

Landing Points • Diego Garcia (United Kingdom) • Djibouti City (Djibouti)

Survey

System Manufacture

System Installation

Commissioning & Acceptance

AUSTRALIA WEST EXPRESS • Perth (Australia)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Capacity per Wavelength  (Gbps) Owners Region

2018 2043 $300,000,000 10,100 20 2 100 200 GoTo Networks Indian Ocean Pan‐East Asian

Page 52 of 293 pages


Bahamas‐2

Landing Points • Nassau (The Bahamas) • Vero Beach (United States)

BAHAMAS‐2 • Eight Mile Rock (Bahamas)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Capacity per Wavelength  (Gbps) Owners System Supplier System Installer Region

1997 2022 $25,000,000 478 0.0025 2.4 40 Balteco, Verizon Tyco Telecommunications SSI Tyco Telecommunications SSI Americas

Page 53 of 293 pages


Baltica

Landing Points

BALTICA

• Ystad (Sweden)

• Kolobrzeg (Poland)

• Gedser (Denmark)

• Dueodde (Bornholm)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Owners Region

1997 2022 $16,000,000 437 0.005 0.005 6 Polish Telecom, TDC, Telecom  Finland, Telenor, Teliasonera EMEA

Page 54 of 293 pages


BAR‐SAV

Landing Points • Savona (Italy)

BAR‐SAV • Barcelona (Spain)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Owners System Installer Region

1996 2021 $39,000,000 760 0.005 0.005 Telecom Italia, Telefonica Alcatel Submarine Networks EMEA

Page 55 of 293 pages


Bass Strait 2

Landing Points • Stanley (Australia)

BASS STRAIT 2 • Inverloch (Australia)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Owners System Installer Region

2003 2028 $17,000,000 240 0.01 0.01 Telstra Alcatel Submarine Networks AustralAsia

Page 56 of 293 pages


BBG

Landing Points

BAY OF BENGAL GATEWAY

• (United Arab Emirates)

• (Oman)

• (Singapore)

• (Sri Lanka)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Capacity per Wavelength  (Gbps) Owners Cableship Region

2016 2041 $250,000,000 8,040 6.4 55 3 100 Bay of Bengal Consortium Northern Endeavour
 Indian Ocean Pan‐East Asian

Page 57 of 293 pages


BCS East

Landing Points • Sventoji (Lithuania)

BCS EAST • Liepaja (Latvia)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Fiber Pairs Owners System Installer Region

1997 2022 $15,000,000 98 96 Telia Carrier Swedia Networks EMEA

Page 58 of 293 pages


BCS East‐West Interlink

Landing Points • Katthammarsvik (Sweden)

BCS EAST‐WEST INTERLINK • Sventoji (Lithuania)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Fiber Pairs Owners System Supplier System Installer Region

1997 2022 $20,000,000 218 8 Telia Carrier Ericsson Swedia Networks EMEA

Page 59 of 293 pages


BCS North

Landing Points

BCS NORTH

• Logi (Russia)

• Helsingfors (Finland)

• Haraldsholm (Finland)

• Kotka (Finland)

• Mariehamn (Finland)

• Stavsnas (Sweden)

• Hango (Finland)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Fiber Pairs Owners System Supplier System Installer Region

1997 2028 $30,000,000 793 48 Telia Carrier Ericsson Swedia Networks EMEA

Page 60 of 293 pages


BDM

Landing Points • Melaka (Malaysia) • Batam (Indonesia)

BATAM‐DUMAI‐MELAKA • Dumai (Indonesia)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Capacity per Wavelength  (Gbps) Owners

System Supplier System Installer Region

2011 2036 $76,000,000 400 0.08 2.56 4 64 10 PT Mora Telematika, PT XL  Axiata, Telekom Malaysia, TM  Berhad Huawei Marine Networks Telekom Malaysia AustralAsia

Page 61 of 293 pages


Best Cable System

PROJECT COMPLETION PHASES Pre‐Engineering

Landing Points

System Manufacture

System Installation

Commissioning & Acceptance

BEST CABLE SYSTEM

• (Philippines)

• (Brunei)

• (Malaysia)

• (Guam)

• (Indonesia)

Survey

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Owners Region

2019 2044 $150,000,000 5,092 Best Cable Corp. Pte. Ltd. AustralAsia

Page 62 of 293 pages


Bharat‐Lanka

Landing Points • Tuticorin (India)

BHARAT‐LANKA • Dehiwala‐Mount Lavinia (Sri Lanka)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Capacity per Wavelength  (Gbps) Owners Region

2007 2032 $40,000,000 338 0.04 0.96 40 BSNL, Sri Lanka, Sri Lanka  Telecom Limited Indian Ocean Pan‐East Asian

Page 63 of 293 pages


BICS

Landing Points

BAHAMAS INTERNET CABLE SYSTEM

• Upper Bogue (Bahamas)

• Boca Raton (United States)

• Crown Haven (Bahamas)

• Freeport (Bahamas)

• Marsh Harbour (Bahamas)

• Nassau (The Bahamas)

• Riding Point (Bahamas)

• Sandy Point (Bahamas)

• Rock Sound (Bahamas)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Capacity per Wavelength  (Gbps) Owners Region

2001 2026 $31,000,000 1,000 0.01 12 10 Caribbean Crossing Americas

Page 64 of 293 pages


BIN

Landing Points • Gjirin e Lalezit (Albania)

BALKANS‐ITALY NETWORK • Bari (Italy)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Capacity per Wavelength  (Gbps) Owners Region

2019 2044 $21,700,000 276 0.04 0.04 40 Unifi EMEA

Page 65 of 293 pages


BIOS / Jonah

Landing Points • Bari (Italy)

BIOS/JONAH • Tel Aviv (Israel)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Owners System Installer Region

2011 2036 $15,000,000 2,300 12.8 2 Bezeq International Elettra EMEA

Page 66 of 293 pages


BLAST

Landing Points • Aunu’u Warf (American Samoa)

• Luma (American Samoa)

• Ofu Harbor (American Samoa)

• Fogagogo (American Samoa)

BROADBAND LINKING THE AMERICAN  SAMOA TERRITORY RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Owners System Supplier System Installer Cableship Region

2015 2040 $11,000,000 250 ASTCA IT International Telecom IT International Telecom IT Intrepid AustralAsia

Page 67 of 293 pages


Boracay‐Palawan

Landing Points

BORACAY‐PALAWAN

• Taytay (Philippines)

• San Jose (Philippines)

• Coron (Philippines)

• Caticlan (Philippines)

• Boracay (Philippines)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Capacity per Wavelength  (Gbps) Owners System Supplier Region

2013 2038 $20,000,000 332 4.8 12 40 10 Globe Telecom Huawei Marine Networks AustralAsia

Page 68 of 293 pages


Botnia

Landing Points • Umea (Sweden)

BOTNIA • Vaasa (Finland)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Owners System Supplier System Installer Region

1994 2019 $8,500,000 77 0.0012 0.0012 6 Teliasonera NKT AKN EMEA

Page 69 of 293 pages


BRCS

Landing Points • Sungai Rengit (Malaysia)

BATAM‐RENGIT CABLE SYSTEM • Batam (Indonesia)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Owners Region

2007 2032 $10,000,000 63 0.01 0.01 Excelcom AustralAsia

Page 70 of 293 pages


BRUSA

PROJECT COMPLETION PHASES Pre‐Engineering

Survey

System Manufacture

Landing Points

System Installation

Commissioning & Acceptance

BRAZIL‐USA

• Virginia Beach (United States)

• San Juan (Puerto Rico)

• Fortaleza (Brazil)

• Rio de Janeiro (Brazil)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Owners Region

2018 2043 $500,000,000 11,000 Telxius Americas

Page 71 of 293 pages


BSCS

Landing Points • Changi (Singapore)

BATAM SINGAPORE CABLE SYSTEM • Batam (Indonesia)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Owners System Supplier System Installer Region

2009 2034 $13,100,000 73 0.08 0.08 3 TELKOM Indonesia Ocean Cable Company ASEAN Cableship, Stena  Offshore AustralAsia

Page 72 of 293 pages


BSFOCS

Landing Points • Odesa (Ukraine) • Varna (Bulgaria)

BLACK SEA FIBRE OPTIC CABLE SYSTEM • Novorossiysk (Russia)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Owners

System Supplier System Installer

Region

2001 2026 $51,000,000 933 0.0025 0.0025 2 Armentel, BTC, Cyprus  Telecommunications  Authority, DTAG, HT, OTE,  Rostelecom, Telecom Slovenia,  Ukrtelecom Tyco Telecommunications SSI Alcatel Submarine Networks,  Global Marine Systems  Limited, Tyco  Telecommunications SSI EMEA

Page 73 of 293 pages


Cadmos

Landing Points • Pentaskhinos (Cyprus)

CADMOS • Beirut (Lebanon)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Owners

System Supplier System Installer Region

1995 2020 $8,000,000 262 0.000622 2 Cyprus Telecommunications  Authority, Lebanese Ministry  of Telecommunications AT&T Submarine System, Inc. AT&T Submarine System, Inc. EMEA

Page 74 of 293 pages


Canalink

Landing Points • Tenerife (Spain)

CANALINK • Cadiz (Spain)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Capacity per Wavelength  (Gbps) Owners System Installer Region

2011 2036 $157,000,000 2,000 5.12 4 128 10 Islalink, IT3 Elettra EMEA

Page 75 of 293 pages


CanTaT‐3

Landing Points

CANTAT‐3

• Westerland (Germany)

• Vestmannaeyjar (Iceland)

• Tjørnuvík (Faroe Islands)

• Redcar (United Kingdom)

• Pennant Point (Canada)

• Blaabjerg (Denmark)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Owners System Installer

Region

1994 2020 $385,000,000 6,450 0.0075 0.0075 TATA Communications Alcatel Submarine Networks,  BT Marine, Orange Marine,  TeleDanmark Transatlantic

Page 76 of 293 pages


Caucasus Cable System

Landing Points • Varna (Bulgaria)

CAUCASUS CABLE SYSTEM • Poti (Georgia)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Owners System Supplier System Installer Upgrader Upgrade Year Upgrade Capacity (Gbps) Region

2008 2033 $76,000,000 1,187 9 2 Caucasus Online TE SubCom, Tyco  Telecommunications Tyco Telecommunications TE SubCom 2016 100 EMEA

Page 77 of 293 pages


CB‐1

Landing Points • Charlestown (United States)

CHALLENGER BERMUDA‐1 • Bermuda (Bermuda)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Owners Region

2009 2034 $50,000,000 1,448 0.02 0.32 Cable Company Ltd, Verizon Americas

Page 78 of 293 pages


C‐BUS

Landing Points • Magens Bay (British Virgin Islands)

CARIBBEAN‐BERMUDA US • Manasquan (United States)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Owners System Supplier System Installer Upgrader Upgrade Year Upgrade Capacity (Gbps) Region

2009 2034 $10,000,000 1,609 1.6 2 LIME IT International Telecom, Tyco  Telecommunications SSI IT International Telecom, Tyco  Telecommunications SSI Xtera 2016 100 Americas

Page 79 of 293 pages


Ceiba‐2

Landing Points • Kribi (Cameroon) • Malabo (Equatorial Guinea)

CEIBA‐2 • Bata (Equatorial Guinea)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Design Capacity (Tbps) Owners System Supplier Region

2017 2042 $15,000,000 290 8 Republic of Equatorial Guinea Huawei Marine Networks EMEA

Page 80 of 293 pages


CeltixConnect

Landing Points • Holyhead (United Kingdom)

CELTIXCONNECT • Dublin (Ireland)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Owners System Installer Region

2011 2036 $22,000,000 131 0.96 0.96 72 AquaComms Alcatel Submarine Networks,  Global Marine Systems Limited EMEA

Page 81 of 293 pages


CFX‐1

Landing Points • Cartagena (Columbia) • Boca Raton (United States)

COLOMBIA‐FLORIDA SUBSEA FIBER • Morant Point (Jamaica)

RFS Year EOS Year Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Owners System Supplier System Installer Upgrader Upgrade Year Upgrade Capacity (Gbps) Region

2008 2023 2,439 0.11 12.8 12 C&W Networks TE SubCom, Tyco  Telecommunications Tyco Telecommunications TE SubCom 2011 40 Americas

Page 82 of 293 pages


CIOS

Landing Points • Ayia Napa (Cyprus)

CYPRUS‐ISRAEL OPTICAL SYSTEM • Nahariya (Israel)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Owners Region

1994 2018 $16,000,000 262 0.000622 1 Bezeq International, Cyprus  Telecommunications Authority EMEA

Page 83 of 293 pages


CJFS

Landing Points • Montego Bay (Jamaica)

CAYMAN JAMAICA FIBRE SYSTEM • Half‐Moon Bay (Cayman Islands)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Owners Region

1997 2022 $6,500,000 870 0.0025 2.7 LIME Americas

Page 84 of 293 pages


C‐Lion 1

Landing Points • Hanko (Finland) • Helsinki (Finland)

C‐LION 1 • Rostock‐Ribnitz (Germany)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Capacity per Wavelength  (Gbps) Owners Region

2016 2041 $74,000,000 1,172 144 8 300 Cinia Group EMEA

Page 85 of 293 pages


Columbus II

Landing Points

COLOMBUS II

• Magens Bay (Virgin Islands)

• Funchal (Portugal)

• Cancun (Mexico)

• West Palm Beach (United States)

• Sardinia (Gran Canaria)

• Palermo (Italy)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Owners System Supplier System Installer Upgrader Upgrade Year Upgrade Capacity (Gbps) Region

1994 2019 $600,000,000 12,165 0.00056 0.0025 Columbus II Consortium AT&T Submarine System, Inc.,  Pirelli Alcatel Submarine Networks,  AT&T Submarine System, Inc. Xtera 2012 100 Transatlantic

Page 86 of 293 pages


Columbus III

Landing Points

COLOMBUS III

• Mazara del Vallo (Italy)

• Conil (Spain)

• Lisbon (Portugal)

• Ponta Delgada (Azores Islands  Portugal)

• Miami (USA)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Owners System Supplier System Installer Upgrader Upgrade Year Upgrade Capacity (Gbps) Region

1999 2024 $236,000,000 9,833 0.04 0.16 2 Columbus III Consortium Pirelli, Tyco  Telecommunications Alcatel Submarine Networks,  Tyco Telecommunications Xtera 2012 100 Transatlantic

Page 87 of 293 pages


Concerto‐1

Landing Points • Bruges (Belguim) • Thorpeness (United Kingdom)

CONCERTO‐1 • Zandvoort (Netherlands)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Owners System Installer Region

1999 2024 $25,000,000 574 0.0025 0.0025 96 Flute Alcatel Submarine Networks EMEA

Page 88 of 293 pages


Corfu‐Bar

Landing Points • Bar (Montenegro)

CORFU‐BAR • Corfu (Greece)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Owners Region

1998 2023 $19,000,000 320 0.000622 0.000622 3 Crngorski Telecom, OTE EMEA

Page 89 of 293 pages


Crosslake Fibre

PROJECT COMPLETION PHASES Pre‐Engineering

Landing Points • Buffalo (United States)

Survey

System Manufacture

System Installation

Commissioning & Acceptance

CROSSLAKE FIBRE‐LAKE ONTARIO • Toronto (Canada)

RFS Year EOS Year Length (km) Fiber Pairs Owners Region

2018 2043 100 96 Crosslake Fibre, Inc. Americas

Page 90 of 293 pages


Danica North

Landing Points • Tuborg (Denmark)

DANICA NORTH • Barseback (Sweden)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Owners System Supplier System Installer Upgrader Upgrade Year Upgrade Capacity (Gbps) Region

1998 2023 $10,000,000 25 0.01 0.01 96 Teliasonera Ericsson AKN Ciena 2013 40 EMEA

Page 91 of 293 pages


Danica South

Landing Points • Copenhagen (Denmark)

DANICA SOUTH • Bjarred (Sweden)

RFS Year EOS Year Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Owners System Supplier System Installer Upgrader Upgrade Year Upgrade Capacity (Gbps) Region

1998 2023 20 0.01 0.01 24 Teliasonera Ericsson AKN Ciena 2013 40 EMEA

Page 94 of 293 pages


Danice

Landing Points • Landeyjarsandur (Iceland)

DANICE • Blaabjerg (Denmark)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Owners System Supplier System Installer Upgrader Upgrade Year Upgrade Capacity (Gbps) Region

2008 2033 $76,000,000 2,291 0.1 5.1 4 Farice Ltd. Tyco Telecommunications Tyco Telecommunications Ciena 2013 100 EMEA

Page 95 of 293 pages


DARE

PROJECT COMPLETION PHASES Pre‐Engineering

Landing Points

Survey

System Manufacture

System Installation

Commissioning & Acceptance

DJIBOUTI‐AFRICA REGIONAL EXPRESS

• Socotra (Yemen)

• Mombasa (Kenya)

• Mogadishu (Somalia)

• Mocha (Yemen)

• Djibouti City (Djibouti)

• Dar es Salaam (Tanzania)

• Bosaso (Somalia)

• Berbera (Somalia)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Capacity per Wavelength  (Gbps) Owners

System Supplier Region

2018 2043 $137,500,000 5,500 1 60 100 Africa Marine Express, Djibouti  Telecom, Golis Telecom,  Hormuud Telecom Somalia  Inc., Somtel Group, Telesom  Company, TeleYemen TE SubCom EMEA

Page 96 of 293 pages


DDSCN

Landing Points • Male (Maldives)

• Colombo (Sri Lanka)

DHIRAAGU‐SLT SUBMARINE CABLE  NETWORK RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Owners Region

2007 2032 $27,000,000 850 Dhiraagu Indian Ocean Pan‐East Asian

Page 97 of 293 pages


Deep Blue Phase 1

PROJECT COMPLETION PHASES Pre‐Engineering

Survey

Landing Points

System Manufacture

System Installation

Commissioning & Acceptance

DEEP BLUE CABLE PHASE 1

• Bodden Town (Cayman Islands)

• Kingston (Jamaica)

• Arcahaie (Haiti)

• Chaguaramas (Trinidad and Tobago)

• Rockly Bay (Trinidad and Tobago)

• San Juan (Puerto Rico)

• Puerto Plata (Dominican Republic)

• Providenciales (Turks and Caicos 

• Naples (United States)

• Boca Raton (United States)

Islands)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Capacity per Wavelength  (Gbps) Owners System Supplier System Installer Region

2019 2044 $350,000,000 12,000 6 6 100 100 Deep Blue Cable Ltd TE SubCom TE SubCom Americas

Page 98 of 293 pages


Denmark‐Norway 5

Landing Points • Hjrorring (Denmark)

DENMARK‐NORWAY 5 • Ardendal (Norway)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Owners Region

1992 2017 $9,560,000 123 0.0025 0.002 Norway PTT, TDC EMEA

Page 99 of 293 pages


Denmark‐Norway 6

Landing Points • Thisted (Denmark)

DENMARK‐NORWAY 6 • Kristiansand (Norway)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Owners Region

1992 2017 $8,950,000 124 0.002 0.0015 Norway PTT, TDC EMEA

Page 100 of 293 pages


Denmark‐Poland 2

Landing Points • Mielno (Poland)

DENMARK‐POLAND 2 • Gedebak Odde (Denmark)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Owners Region

1991 2016 $4,500,000 110 0.0015 0.0025 Polish Telecom, TDC EMEA

Page 101 of 293 pages


Didon

Landing Points • Kélibia (Tunisia)

DIDON • Mazara del Vallo (Italy)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Design Capacity (Tbps) Capacity per Wavelength  (Gbps) Owners Region

2014 2039 $15,000,000 173 18 100 France Telecom EMEA

Page 102 of 293 pages


DMCS

Landing Points • Melaka (Malaysia)

DUMAI‐MELAKA CABLE SYSTEM • Dumai (Indonesia)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Owners System Installer Cableship Region

2005 2030 $15,000,000 150 0.02 0.32 PT Telekom, Telekom  Malaysia, TM Berhad ASEAN Cableship, Telekom  Malaysia Asean Protector AustralAsia

Page 103 of 293 pages


EAC‐C2C

Landing Points

EAC‐C2C

• Shima (Japan)

• Capepisa (Philippines)

• Changi (Singapore)

• Chikura (Japan)

• Chung Hom Kok (Hong Kong)

• Fangshan (Taiwan)

• Nanhui District (China)

• Nasugbu (Philippines)

• Pusan (South Korea)

• Singapore (Singapore)

• Taean (South Korea)

• Tanshui (Taiwan)

• Tseung Kwan O (Hong Kong)

• Vung Tau (Vietnam)

• Pali (Taiwan)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Design Capacity (Tbps) Owners Upgrader Upgrade Year Upgrade Capacity (Gbps) Region

2009 2034 $850,000,000 35,429 30 Telstra Infinera 2013 100 AustralAsia

Page 104 of 293 pages


EaSSy

Landing Points • Mogadishu (Somalia)

• Mombasa (Kenya)

• Dar es Salaam (Tanzania)

• (Djibouti)

• Moroni (Comoros)

• Toliary (Madagascar)

• Mtunzini (South Africa)

• Port Sudan (Sudan)

• Maputo (Mozambique)

EASTERN AFRICA SUBMARINE CABLE  SYSTEM RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Capacity per Wavelength  (Gbps) Owners

Upgrader Upgrade Year

2010 2035 $247,000,000 9,900 0.03 11.8 2 59 100 Bharti Airtel, Botswana  Telecommunications  Corporation, British  Telecommunications PLC,  Comores Telecom, Etisalat,  France Telecom, MTN Group,  Neotel, Saudi Telecom  Company, SPV2, Sudan  Telecom Limited, Sudatel,  Tanzania Telecommunications  Company Limited, WIOCC Alcatel‐Lucent Submarine  Networks 2014 Page 105 of 293 pages


Eastern Light

PROJECT COMPLETION PHASES Pre‐Engineering

Survey

System Manufacture

Landing Points

System Installation

Commissioning & Acceptance

EASTERN LIGHT

• Kotka (Finland)

• Helsinki (Finland)

• Hanko (Finland)

• Stockholm (Sweden)

RFS Year EOS Year Owners System Supplier Region

2017 2042 Eastern Light NSW EMEA

Page 106 of 293 pages


East‐West

Landing Points • Tortola (British Virgin Islands)

EAST‐WEST • Santo Domingo (Dominican  Republic)

• Morant Point (Jamaica)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Design Capacity (Tbps) Owners System Installer Upgrader Upgrade Year Upgrade Capacity (Gbps) Region

2011 2036 $35,000,000 1,700 1.6 C&W Networks Orange Marine Xtera 2016 100 Americas

Page 107 of 293 pages


EAUFON

PROJECT COMPLETION PHASES Pre‐Engineering

Landing Points • Salluit (Canada)

• Makkovik (Canada)

• Nain (Canada)

• Kangiqsualujjuaq (Canada)

• Kuujjuaq (Canada)

• Tasiujaq (Canada)

• Aupaluk (Canada)

• Kangirsuk (Canada)

• Quaqtaq (Canada)

• Kimmirut (Canada)

• Charlottetown (Canada)

• Raglan (Canada)

• Iqaluit (Canada)

• Cape Dorset (Canada)

• Ivujivik (Canada)

• Akulivik (Canada)

• Puvirnituq (Canada)

• Inukjuak (Canada)

• Sanikiluaq (Canada)

• Umiujaq (Canada)

• Kuujjuarapik (Canada)

• Chisasibi (Canada)

Survey

System Manufacture

System Installation

Commissioning & Acceptance

EASTERN ARCTIC UNDERSEA FIBER OPTIC  NETWORK RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Capacity per Wavelength  (Gbps) Owners Region

2020 2045 $250,000,000 6,900 30 6 100 100 Kativik Regional Government Arctic

• Kangiqsujuaq (Canada)

Page 108 of 293 pages


ECFS

Landing Points

EAST CARIBBEAN FIBER SYSTEM

• Dickenson Bay (Antigua)

• Anguilla (Anguilla)

• Baliff (Guadeloupe)

• Basseterre (St. Kitts & Nevis)

• Canefield (Dominica)

• Kingstown (St. Vincent)

• Martinique (Martinique)

• Montserrat (Montserrat)

• Port Salines (Grenada)

• St. Lucia (St. Lucia)

• St Martin (Netherlands Antilles)

• Tortola (British Virgin Islands)

• Macqueripe (Trinidad)

• Bridgetown (Barbados)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Owners

System Installer Upgrader Upgrade Year Upgrade Capacity (Gbps) Region

1995 2020 $56,000,000 1,875 0.0025 4.6 6 BET, C&W, C&W Networks,  Cable & Wireless, France  Telecom, TSTT Alcatel Submarine Networks,  Cable & Wireless Xtera, Xtera, Xtera 2009, 2013, 2016 10, 10, 10 Americas

Page 109 of 293 pages


ECLink

Landing Points • Trinidad (Trinidad)

ECLINK • Curacao (Curacao)

RFS Year EOS Year Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Owners

System Supplier System Installer Upgrader Upgrade Year Upgrade Capacity (Gbps) Region

2007 2032 1,240 1.875 7.2 12 60 Alcatel, C&W Networks,  Columbus Networks, New  World Network Alcatel, TE SubCom, Tyco  Telecommunications SSI Tyco Telecommunications SSI TE SubCom 2016 100 Americas

Page 110 of 293 pages


EIG

Landing Points

EUROPE INDIA GATEWAY

• Gibraltar (Gibraltar)

• Abu Talat (Egypt)

• Bude (United Kingdom)

• Fujairah (United Arab Emirates)

• Jeddah (Saudi Arabia)

• Monaco (Monaco)

• Mumbai (India)

• Muscat (Oman)

• Zafarana (Egypt)

• Sesimbra (Portugal)

• Tripoli (Libya)

• (Djibouti)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Capacity per Wavelength  (Gbps) Owners

System Supplier System Installer Upgrader Upgrade Year Upgrade Capacity (Gbps) Region

2011 2036 $700,000,000 15,000 3.84 3.84 100 Bharti Airtel, British  Telecommunications PLC,  BSNL, C&W, Djibouti Telecom,  Du, Gibtelecom, Libyan Post,  Telecom and Information  Technology Company, MTN  Group, Omantel, Saudi  Telecom Company, Telekom  SA, Verizon Tyco Telecommunications Tyco Telecommunications Ciena 2014 100 Indian Ocean Pan‐East Asian

Page 111 of 293 pages


EllaLink

PROJECT COMPLETION PHASES Pre‐Engineering

Landing Points

Survey

System Manufacture

System Installation

Commissioning & Acceptance

ELLALINK

• Tenerife (Spain)

• Sines (Portugal)

• Santos (Brazil)

• Praia (Cape Verde)

• Funchal (Portugal)

• Fortaleza (Brazil)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Capacity per Wavelength  (Gbps) Owners Region

2020 2045 $175,000,000 10,119 50 72 4 100 100 Islalink, Telebras Transatlantic

Page 112 of 293 pages


Endeavour

Landing Points • Sydney (Australia)

ENDEAVOUR • Keawaula (United States)

RFS Year EOS Year Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Owners Upgrader Upgrade Year Upgrade Capacity (Gbps) Region

2008 2033 9,125 0.08 0.08 2 Telstra Infinera 2014 100 AustralAsia

Page 113 of 293 pages


Estepona‐Tetouan

Landing Points • Tetouan (Morocco)

ESTEPONA‐TETOUAN • Estepona (Spain)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Owners System Supplier System Installer Region

1994 2019 $10,000,000 113 0.0037 0.0037 Telefonica STF Submarine Systems FCR EMEA

Page 114 of 293 pages


Estrecho de Magallanes

Landing Points • Espiritu Santo (Argentina)

ESTRECHO DE MAGALLANES • Punta Dungeness (Argentina)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Capacity per Wavelength  (Gbps) Owners System Supplier Region

2012 2037 $5,000,000 37 1.8 18 1 100 AR‐SAT Boskalis Americas

Page 115 of 293 pages


Europa

Landing Points • Tripoli (Lebanon)

EUROPA • Pentaskhinos (Cyprus)

RFS Year EOS Year Fiber Pairs Owners

Region

2013 2038 8 Cyprus Telecommunications  Authority, Lebanese Ministry  of Telecommunications EMEA

Page 116 of 293 pages


FA‐1 North/South

Landing Points

FLAG ATLANTIC 1 NORTH/SOUTH

• Porthcurno (United Kingdom)

• Island Park (United States)

• Northport (United States)

• Plerin (France)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Owners System Installer Upgrader Upgrade Year Upgrade Capacity (Gbps) Region

2001 2026 $900,000,000 12,820 4.68 24 6 Global Cloud Xchange Alcatel Submarine Networks Infinera, Ciena, Infinera, Ciena,  Infinera, Ciena 2010, 2011, 2013 10, 100, 40 Transatlantic

Page 117 of 293 pages


Falcon

Landing Points

FALCON

• Colombo (Sri Lanka)

• Trivandrum (India)

• Sumaisma (Qatar)

• Suez (Egypt)

• Port Sudan (Sudan)

• Mumbai (India)

• Manama (Bahrain)

• Hulhumalé (India)

• Dubai (United Arab Emirates)

• Kuwait City (Kuwait)

• Chabahar (Iran)

• Bandar‐E Abbas (Iran)

• Aqaba (Jordan)

• Al Seeb (Oman)

• Al‐Khobar (Saudi Arabia)

• Al Hudaydah (Yemen)

• Al Ghaydah (Yemen)

• Jeddah (Saudi Arabia)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Owners System Installer Upgrader Region

2006 2031 $900,000,000 12,181 0.09 2.56 8 Global Cloud Xchange Alcatel Submarine Networks Infinera Indian Ocean Pan‐East Asian

Page 118 of 293 pages


Far East

Landing Points • Okha (Russia) • Magadan (Russia)

FAR EAST • Mys Levashova (Russia)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Capacity per Wavelength  (Gbps) Owners System Supplier System Installer Region

2015 2040 $50,000,000 1,844 1.6 2 8 100 Rostelecom Huawei Marine Networks Global Marine Systems Limited AustralAsia

Page 119 of 293 pages


Farice‐1

Landing Points • Dunnet Bay (Scotland) • Seyðisfjörður (Iceland)

FARICE‐1 • Funningsfjørður (Faroe Islands)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Owners System Supplier Upgrader Upgrade Year Upgrade Capacity (Gbps) Region

2004 2029 $25,000,000 1,395 0.02 0.02 Farice Ltd., Iceland Telecom  Ltd. Pirelli Ciena 2013 100 EMEA

Page 120 of 293 pages


Farland

Landing Points • Domburg (Netherlands)

FARLAND • Aldeburgh (United Kingdom)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Owners System Supplier System Installer Region

1994 2019 $10,000,000 149 0.018 0.018 British Telecommunications  PLC AT&T Submarine System, Inc. AT&T Submarine System, Inc. EMEA

Page 121 of 293 pages


Faster

Landing Points

FASTER

• Tanshui (Taiwan)

• Shima (Japan)

• Chikura (Japan)

• Bandon (USA)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Capacity per Wavelength  (Gbps) Owners

System Supplier System Installer Region

2016 2041 $350,000,000 9,000 28 60 6 100 100 China Mobile International,  China Telecom Global, Global  Transit, Google, Singtel NEC Orange Marine Transpacific

Page 122 of 293 pages


Fehmarn Belt

Landing Points • Rödbyhavn (Denmark)

FEHMARN BELT • Puttgarden (Germany)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Owners System Supplier System Installer Region

2000 2025 $10,000,000 20 0.0025 0.0025 Teliasonera Ericsson, Nexans Nexans EMEA

Page 123 of 293 pages


FibraLink

Landing Points

FIBRALINK

• Ocho Rios (Jamaica)

• Montego Bay (Jamaica)

• Puerto Plata (Dominican Republic)

• Kingstown (St. Vincent)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Owners System Supplier System Installer Region

2006 2031 $30,000,000 2,438 0.04 7.2 3 Alcatel, C&W Networks,  Columbus Networks Alcatel, IT International  Telecom IT International Telecom Americas

Page 124 of 293 pages


FLAG Europe‐Asia

Landing Points

FLAG EUROPE‐ASIA

• Miura (Japan)

• Songkhla (Thailand)

• Satun (Thailand)

• Porthcurno (United Kingdom)

• Penang (Malaysia)

• Fujairah (United Arab Emirates)

• Palermo (Italy)

• Nanhui District (China)

• Ninomiya (Japan)

• Jeddah (Saudi Arabia)

• Keoje (South Korea)

• (Hong Kong)

• Estepona (Spain)

• Ben Pak Para (Thailand)

• Aqaba (Jordan)

• Alexandria (Egypt)

• Mumbai (India)

• Suez (Egypt)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Owners Upgrader Upgrade Year Upgrade Capacity (Gbps) Region

1997 2022 $720,000,000 27,433 0.01 0.5 2 Global Cloud Xchange Ciena 2012 100 Indian Ocean Pan‐East Asian;  EMEA

Page 125 of 293 pages


Flores‐Corvo

Landing Points

FLORES‐CORVO

• Corvo (Azores)

• Graciosa (Azores)

• Faial (Azores)

• Flores (Azores)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Capacity per Wavelength  (Gbps) Owners System Supplier System Installer Region

2014 2039 $20,000,000 685 0.96 6 16 10 Viatel Huawei Marine Networks,  Nexans Nexans EMEA

Page 128 of 293 pages


FOG

Landing Points

FIBER OPTIC GULF

• Manama (Bahrain)

• Kuwait City (Kuwait)

• Dubai (United Arab Emirats)

• Doha (Qatar)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Owners

System Supplier Region

1998 2023 $80,000,000 1,286 0.02 0.02 4 Bahrain Telephone Co., Kuwait  Ministry of Communications,  Qatar Telecommunication  Company, UAE  Telecommunications Company Fujitsu EMEA

Page 129 of 293 pages


GBICS

Landing Points • Kuwait City (Kuwait)

• Alexandria (Egypt)

• Al Hidd (Bahrain)

• Al‐Khobar (Saudi Arabia)

• Al Seeb (Oman)

• Bushehr (Iran)

• Doha (Qatar)

• Dubai (United Arab Emirates)

• Jeddah (Saudi Arabia)

• Mazara (Italy)

• Mumbai (India)

• Zafarana (Egypt)

• Fujairah (United Arab Emirates)

GULF BRIDGE INTERNATIONAL CABLE  SYSTEM RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Capacity per Wavelength  (Gbps) Owners System Supplier Upgrader Upgrade Year Upgrade Capacity (Gbps) Region

2011 2036 $445,000,000 4,719 51.2 4 128 100 Gulf Bridge International TE SubCom Xtera 2012 100 EMEA

Page 130 of 293 pages


GCN

Landing Points

GLOBAL CARIBBEAN NETWORK

• Dickenson Bay (Antigua)

• Baie‐Mahault (Guadeloupe)

• Baliff (Guadeloupe)

• Basseterre (St. Kitts & Nevis)

• Bridgetown (Barbados)

• Canefield (Dominica)

• Le Lamentin (Martinique)

• Kingstown (St. Vincent)

• Macqueripe (Trinidad)

• Port Castries (St Lucia)

• Port Salines (Grenada)

• Galisbay (St Martin)

• Hams Bluff (Virgin Islands)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Owners System Installer Upgrader Upgrade Year Upgrade Capacity (Gbps) Region

2007 2032 $17,520,000 1,926 1.2 5 Global Carribean Network Alcatel Submarine Networks Ciena 2013 40 Americas

Page 131 of 293 pages


Gemini Bermuda

Landing Points • (Bermuda)

GEMINI BERMUDA • Manasquan (United States)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Design Capacity (Tbps) Owners System Installer Upgrader Upgrade Year Upgrade Capacity (Gbps) Region

2007 2032 $40,000,000 1,500 1.6 C&W, Verizon Orange Marine Xtera 2016 100 Americas

Page 132 of 293 pages


Georgia‐Russia

Landing Points • Novorossiysk (Russia) • Poti (Georgia)

GEORGIA‐RUSSIA • Sochi (Russia)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Owners Region

2000 2025 $20,000,000 280 0.0025 0.0025 4 DanTelco, FOPTNET,  Rostelecom EMEA

Page 133 of 293 pages


GLO‐1

Landing Points

GLOBACOM‐1

• Accra (Ghana)

• Vigo (Spain)

• Sesimbra (Portugal)

• Nouakchott (Mauritania)

• Lagos (Nigeria)

• Dakar (Senegal)

• Casablanca (Morocco)

• Bude (United Kingdom)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Owners System Supplier System Installer Region

2010 2035 $260,000,000 8,717 0.64 2.5 2 Globalcom Ltd. IT International Telecom Alcatel Submarine Networks,  IT International Telecom EMEA

Page 134 of 293 pages


GlobeNet

Landing Points

GLOBENET

• Fortaleza (Brazil)

• Maiquetia (Venezuela)

• Boca Raton (USA)

• Rio de Janeiro (Brazil)

• Tuckerton (United States)

• Bermuda (Bermuda)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Capacity per Wavelength  (Gbps) Owners System Supplier Upgrader Upgrade Year Upgrade Capacity (Gbps) Region

2001 2026 $610,000,000 22,690 0.04 4.6 4 100 Globenet TE SubCom Xtera, Xtera 2010, 2016 100, 100 Americas

Page 135 of 293 pages


GO‐1

Landing Points

GO‐1

• St Paul's Bay (Malta)

• St George's Bay (Malta)

• Mazara (Italy)

• Cantina (Sicily)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Owners System Installer Region

1995 2020 $10,000,000 290 0.02 0.02 GO Elettra EMEA

Page 136 of 293 pages


GOKI

Landing Points

GOKI

• Tumon (Guam)

• Okinawa Prefecture (Japan)

• Kita‐Kyushu (Japan)

• Incheon (Korea)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Design Capacity (Tbps) System Installer Region

2013 2038 $120,000,000 4,200 0.08 Kokusai Cable Ship AustralAsia

Page 137 of 293 pages


Gondwana‐1

Landing Points

GONDWANA‐1

• Noum'ea (New Caledonia)

• Mouli Island (New Caledonia)

• Poindimie (New Caledonia)

• Sydney (Australia)

• Lifou (New Caledonia)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Owners

System Installer Region

2008 2033 $57,500,000 2,152 0.64 0.64 OPT ‐ Nouvelle Caledonie, Post  and Telecommunications  Office of New Caledonia Alcatel Submarine Networks AustralAsia

Page 138 of 293 pages


Greenland Connect

Landing Points

GREENLAND CONNECT

• Nuuk (Greenland)

• Milton (Canada)

• Landeyjarsandur (Iceland)

• Qaqortoq (Greenland)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Capacity per Wavelength  (Gbps) Owners System Installer Upgrader Upgrade Year Upgrade Capacity (Gbps) Region

2009 2034 $126,000,000 4,733 0.02 2.56 2 100 Tele Greenland Elettra Huawei Marine Networks 2017 100 Americas

Page 139 of 293 pages


Greenland Connect North

Landing Points

GREENLAND CONNECT NORTH

• Nuuk (Greenland)

• Maniitsoq (Greenland)

• Sisimiut (Greenland)

• Aasiaat (Greenland)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Design Capacity (Tbps) Capacity per Wavelength  (Gbps) Owners System Supplier Region

2017 2042 $80,000,000 680 4.8 100 Tele Greenland Huawei Marine Networks EMEA

Page 140 of 293 pages


GTT Express

Landing Points • Cork (Ireland) • Halifax (Canada)

GTT EXPRESS • Brean (United Kingdom)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Capacity per Wavelength  (Gbps) Owners System Supplier Cableship

Region

2015 2040 $120,000,000 4,600 53 6 100 100 GTT Communications TE SubCom RV Ridley Thomas, Tyco  Decisive, Tyco Dependable,  Tyco Reliance, Tyco Resolute,  Tyco Responder Transatlantic

Page 141 of 293 pages


GTT North/South

Landing Points

GTT NORTH/SOUTH

• (Southport United Kingdom)

• Coleraine (Ireland)

• Dublin (Ireland)

• Lynn (United States)

• Herring Cove (Canada)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Capacity per Wavelength  (Gbps) Owners System Supplier System Installer Upgrader Upgrade Year Upgrade Capacity (Gbps) Region

2001 2026 $320,000,000 12,111 10.16 25 4 48 100 GTT Communications Huawei Marine Networks,  Tyco Telecommunications SSI FCR, Tyco Telecommunications  SSI Huawei Marine Networks 2011 100 Transatlantic

Page 142 of 293 pages


Guantánamo Bay 2

PROJECT COMPLETION PHASES Pre‐Engineering

Landing Points • Guantánamo Bay (Cuba)

Survey

System Manufacture

System Installation

Commissioning & Acceptance

GUANTÁNAMO BAY 2 • (Puerto Rico)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Owners System Supplier Region

2018 2043 $30,000,000 1,200 US Government Xtera Americas

Page 143 of 293 pages


Guantánamo Bay Cable

Landing Points • Guantánamo Bay (Cuba)

GUANTÁNAMO BAY CABLE • (United States)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Capacity per Wavelength  (Gbps) Owners System Supplier System Installer Region

2016 2041 $31,000,000 1,500 100 US Government IT International Telecom, NSW IT International Telecom Americas

Page 144 of 293 pages


GWEN

Landing Points • Corfu (Greece)

GREECE TO WESTERN EUROPE NETWORK • Bari (Italy)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Fiber Pairs Owners Region

2004 2029 $20,000,000 647 4 OTE EMEA

Page 145 of 293 pages


Hannibal

Landing Points • Mazara (Italy)

HANNIBAL • Kelibia (Tunisia)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Capacity per Wavelength  (Gbps) Owners System Supplier System Installer Region

2009 2034 $10,000,000 180 9.6 3 80 40 Tunisie Telecom Huawei Marine Networks Global Marine Systems Limited EMEA

Page 146 of 293 pages


Hantru‐1

Landing Points

HANTRU‐1

• Tumon (Guam)

• Reagan Test Site (Kwajalein)

• Pohnpei (Micronesia)

• Majuro (Marshall Islands)

• Ebeye (Kwajalein)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Owners

System Supplier Region

2010 2035 $130,000,000 2,908 Federated States of  Micronesia  Telecommunications  Authority, Hannon Armstrong TE SubCom AustralAsia

Page 147 of 293 pages


Hawaiki

PROJECT COMPLETION PHASES Pre‐Engineering

Survey

System Manufacture

Landing Points

Commissioning & Acceptance

HAWAIKI

• Sydney (Australia)

• Pago Pago (American Samoa)

• Pacific City (United States)

• Mangawhai (New Zealand)

• Kapolei (United States)

System Installation

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Capacity per Wavelength  (Gbps) Owners System Supplier Cableship Region

2018 2043 $350,000,000 15,000 5 43.8 4 106 100 Hawaiki Submarine Cable TE SubCom Tyco Global Sentinel, Tyco  Responder AustralAsia; Transpacific

Page 149 of 293 pages


Hawk Cable System

Landing Points • Marseille (France) • Alexandria (Egypt)

HAWK CABLE SYSTEM • Anatoliko (Cyprus)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Capacity per Wavelength  (Gbps) Owners System Supplier System Installer Region

2011 2035 $250,000,000 3,181 2.72 2.72 4 68 10 Global Cloud Xchange Fujitsu Elettra, Orange Marine EMEA

Page 150 of 293 pages


HK‐G

PROJECT COMPLETION PHASES Pre‐Engineering

Landing Points • Tseung Kwan O (Hong Kong)

Survey

System Manufacture

System Installation

Commissioning & Acceptance

HONG KONG‐GUAM • Piti (Guam)

RFS Year EOS Year Length (km) Design Capacity (Tbps) Capacity per Wavelength  (Gbps) Owners Region

2020 2045 3,900 48 100 RTI Connectivity AustralAsia

Page 151 of 293 pages


Honotua

Landing Points

HONOTUA

• Spencer Beach (United Stats)

• Huahine (French Polynesia)

• Papeete (French Polynesia)

• Vaitape (French Polynesia)

• Uturoa (French Polynesia)

• Moorea (French Polynesia)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Owners Region

2009 2034 $122,000,000 4,634 0.64 0.64 OPT French Polynesia AustralAsia

Page 152 of 293 pages


HSCS

Landing Points • Nevelsk (Russia)

HOKKAIDO‐SAKHALIN CABLE SYSTEM • Ishikari (Japan)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Design Capacity (Tbps) Owners System Installer Region

2008 2033 $20,000,000 559 0.64 KDD, TTK KDD AustralAsia

Page 153 of 293 pages


Hugo

Landing Points • Porthcurno (United Kingdom) • Guernsey (Guernsey)

HUGO • Lannion (France)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Owners System Installer Region

2006 2031 $11,960,000 426 3.3 3.3 C&W Alcatel Submarine Networks,  Tyco Telecommunications SSI EMEA

Page 154 of 293 pages


i2i

Landing Points • Tuas (Singapore)

I2I • Chennai (India)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Capacity per Wavelength  (Gbps) Owners Upgrader Upgrade Year Upgrade Capacity (Gbps) Region

2002 2027 $90,000,000 3,100 0.16 84 8 105 100 Bharti Airtel Ciena 2014 100 Indian Ocean Pan‐East Asian

Page 155 of 293 pages


ICN1

Landing Points • Port Vila (Vanuatu)

INTERCHANGE I • Suva (Fiji)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Owners System Supplier Region

2014 2039 $32,000,000 1,259 0.02 0.32 Interchange Limited TE SubCom AustralAsia

Page 156 of 293 pages


IFC‐1

PROJECT COMPLETION PHASES Pre‐Engineering

Survey

System Manufacture

System Installation

Landing Points • Lannion (France)

Commissioning & Acceptance

IFC‐1 • Cork (Ireland)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Owners Region

2019 2044 $15,000,000 492 120 6 Ireland‐France Subsea Cable EMEA

Page 157 of 293 pages


IG‐1

Landing Points • Aethos (Greece)

ITALY GREECE‐1 • Otranto (Italy)

RFS Year EOS Year Length (km) Fiber Pairs Region

2002 2027 172 24 EMEA

Page 158 of 293 pages


I‐ME‐WE

Landing Points

INDIA‐MIDDLE EAST‐WESTERN EUROPE

• Karachi (Pakistan)

• Catania (Italy)

• Fujairah (United Arab Emirates)

• Jeddah (Saudi Arabia)

• Mumbai (India)

• Suez (Egypt)

• Tripoli (Lebanon)

• Alexandria (Egypt)

• Marseille (France)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Owners

System Supplier System Installer Upgrade Year Upgrade Capacity (Gbps) Region

2010 2035 $320,000,000 13,000 0.52 5.6 3 128 Bharti Airtel, Etisalat, France  Telecom, Ogero, PTCL, STC,  TATA Communications Mitsubishi Electric Corporation S.B. Submarine Systems 2012, 2014 40, 40 EMEA

Page 159 of 293 pages


Indigo Central

PROJECT COMPLETION PHASES Pre‐Engineering

Landing Points • Perth (Australia)

Survey

System Manufacture

System Installation

Commissioning & Acceptance

INDIGO CENTRAL • Sydney (Australia)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Capacity per Wavelength  (Gbps) Owners System Supplier Region

2019 2044 $150,000,000 4,850 18 4 80 100 Google, SubPartners TE SubCom AustralAsia

Page 160 of 293 pages


Indigo West

PROJECT COMPLETION PHASES Pre‐Engineering

Survey

System Manufacture

Landing Points • Tuas (Singapore) • Jakarta (Indonesia)

System Installation

Commissioning & Acceptance

INDIGO WEST • Perth (Australia)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Owners System Installer Region

2019 2043 $225,000,000 9,000 36 2 AARNet, Google, Indosat  Ooredoo, Telstra Alcatel Submarine Networks AustralAsia

Page 161 of 293 pages


IOX

PROJECT COMPLETION PHASES Pre‐Engineering

Landing Points

System Manufacture

System Installation

Commissioning & Acceptance

INDIAN OCEAN XCHANGE

• Sainte Pierre (LA Reunion)

• Puducherry (India)

• La Cambuse (Mauritius)

• East London (South Africa)

• Creve Couer (Mauritius)

Survey

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Capacity per Wavelength  (Gbps) Owners System Supplier Region

2019 2044 $220,000,000 8,850 54 54 4 130 100 IOX Cable Ltd Alcatel Submarine Networks Indian Ocean Pan‐East Asian

Page 162 of 293 pages


Italy‐Albania

Landing Points • Durres (Albania)

ITALY‐ALBANIA • Bari (Italy)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Region

1998 2023 $10,000,000 236 0.0025 0.0025 1 EMEA

Page 163 of 293 pages


Italy‐Greece

Landing Points • Otranto (Italy)

ITALY‐GREECE • Corfu (Greece)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Owners Region

1995 2020 $10,000,000 161 0.00169 0.00169 4 Telecom Italia EMEA

Page 166 of 293 pages


Italy‐Libya

Landing Points • Tripoli (Libya)

ITALY‐LIBYA • Mazara (Italy)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Owners Upgrade Year Upgrade Capacity (Gbps) Region

2000 2025 $10,000,000 570 0.0025 0.12 2 Telecom Italia 2011 40 EMEA

Page 167 of 293 pages


Italy‐Monaco

Landing Points • Savona (Italy)

ITALY‐MONACO • Monaco (Monaco)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Owners Region

1995 2020 $10,000,000 162 0.000565 0.000565 1 Telecom Italia EMEA

Page 168 of 293 pages


JaKa2DeLeMa

Landing Points

JAKA2DELEMA

• Bandjermasin (Indonesia)

• Sangata (Indonesia)

• Pontianak (Indonesia)

• Pangkalanbun (Indonesia)

• Mataram (Indonesia)

• Ketapang (Indonesia)

• Jember (Indonesia)

• Benculuk (Indonesia)

• Toweli (Indonesia)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Capacity per Wavelength  (Gbps) Owners System Supplier System Installer Upgrader Upgrade Year Upgrade Capacity (Gbps) Region

2010 2035 $116,000,000 1,800 0.96 9.6 3 32 100 PT Telekom Fujitsu, NSW Orange Marine Fujitsu 2013 100 AustralAsia

Page 169 of 293 pages


JAKABARE

Landing Points

JAKABARE

• Jakarta (Indonesia)

• Batam (Indonesia)

• Pontianak (Indonesia)

• Tuas (Singapore)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Owners System Installer Cableship Region

2009 2034 $40,000,000 1,330 0.16 1.28 Indosat ASEAN Cableship, Orange  Marine Asean Protector AustralAsia

Page 170 of 293 pages


Japan‐US

Landing Points

JAPAN‐US

• Shima (Japan)

• Point Arena (United States)

• Morro Bay (United States)

• Maruyama (Japan)

• Makaha (United States)

• Kitaibaraki (Japan)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Capacity per Wavelength  (Gbps) Owners

System Supplier System Installer Upgrader Upgrade Year Upgrade Capacity (Gbps) Region

2001 2026 $590,000,000 21,880 0.64 6.4 4 16 100 Japan Telecom, MCI‐ WorldCom, NTT Worldwide  Network Fujitsu, Ocean Cable Company Alcatel Submarine Networks,  Global Marine Systems Limited Ciena 2012 100 Transpacific

Page 171 of 293 pages


Jasuka

Landing Points

JASUKA

• Tanjung Pandan (Indonesia)

• Batam (Indonesia)

• Jakarta (Indonesia)

• Pontianak (Indonesia)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Owners Upgrader Upgrade Year Upgrade Capacity (Gbps) Region

2006 2031 $280,000,000 354 0.02 0.32 PT Telekom Nokia Siemens Networks 2011 40 AustralAsia

Page 172 of 293 pages


Junior

Landing Points • Santos (Brazil)

JUNIOR • Rio de Janeiro (Brazil)

RFS Year EOS Year Length (km) Fiber Pairs Owners System Supplier System Installer Cableship Region

2017 2042 390 8 Google Nexans, PadTec Elettra Teliri Americas

Page 173 of 293 pages


Jupiter

PROJECT COMPLETION PHASES Pre‐Engineering

Survey

System Manufacture

System Installation

Landing Points

Commissioning & Acceptance

JUPITER

• Hermosa Beach (United States)

• Daet (Philippines)

• Maruyama (Japan)

• Shima (Japan)

RFS Year EOS Year Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Capacity per Wavelength  (Gbps) Owners

System Supplier Region

2020 2045 14,000 60 400 Amazon, Facebook, NTT  Communications Corporation,  PCCW Global, PLDT, Softbank  Mobile Corp TE SubCom Transpacific

Page 174 of 293 pages


KAFOS

Landing Points • Varna (Bulgaria) • Istanbul (Turkey)

KARADENIZ FIBER OPTIK SISTEMI • Mangalia (Romania)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Owners System Installer Region

1997 2022 $20,000,000 4,640 0.0012 0.0012 BTC, Turk Telecom Alcatel Submarine Networks,  FCR EMEA

Page 175 of 293 pages


Keltra‐2

Landing Points • Trapini (Italy)

KELTRA‐2 • Kelibia (Tunisia)

RFS Year EOS Year Length (km) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Owners Region

2007 2032 209 0.02 6 Telecom Italia, Tunisie Telecom EMEA

Page 176 of 293 pages


Khulna‐Chennai

Landing Points • Chennai (India)

KHULNA‐CHENNAI • Khulna (Bangladesh)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Owners Region

2010 2035 $48,000,000 115 Bangladesh Submarine Cable  Company Indian Ocean Pan‐East Asian

Page 177 of 293 pages


KJCN

Landing Points • Kita‐Kyushu (Japan) • Pusan (South Korea)

KOREA‐JAPAN CABLE NETWORK • Fukuoka (Japan)

RFS Year EOS Year Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Capacity per Wavelength  (Gbps) Owners System Supplier Upgrader Upgrade Year Upgrade Capacity (Gbps) Region

2002 2027 500 2.88 28.8 12 24 100 KEPCO, SoftBank Telecom Corp Fujitsu Ciena 2015 100 AustralAsia

Page 178 of 293 pages


Kodiak Kenai

Landing Points

KODIAK KENAI

• Seward (United States)

• Narrow Cape (United States)

• Kodiak (United States)

• Kenai (United States)

• Homer (United States)

• Anchorage (United States)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Owners Upgrader Upgrade Year Upgrade Capacity (Gbps) Region

2006 2031 $30,000,000 971 0.0025 0.01 4 Kodiak Kenai Cable Company Infinera 2010 10 Americas

Page 179 of 293 pages


Kuwait‐Iran

Landing Points • Soroosh (Iran) • Kharg (Iran)

KUWAIT‐IRAN • Failaka (Kuwait)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Owners

Region

2006 2031 $20,000,000 334 0.0025 0.0025 6 Iran Ministry of  Communications, Kuwait and  Telecommunication  Infrastructure Company EMEA

Page 180 of 293 pages


LEV

Landing Points • Yeroskipos (Cyprus) • Mazara (Italy)

LEV • Tel Aviv (Israel)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Owners System Supplier System Installer Region

1999 2024 $175,000,000 2,600 0.0025 0.0025 2 8 Cyprus Telecommunications  Authority Tyco Telecommunications Alcatel Submarine Networks,  Tyco Telecommunications EMEA

Page 181 of 293 pages


LION

Landing Points • Terre Rouge (Mauritius) • Toamasina (Madagascar)

LOWER INDIAN OCEAN NETWORK • Sainte Marie (Reunion Island)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Capacity per Wavelength  (Gbps) Owners System Installer Region

2009 2034 $30,000,000 1,091 0.02 1.28 2 64 10 France Telecom, Orange  Madagascar FCR, Orange Marine Indian Ocean Pan‐East Asian

Page 182 of 293 pages


LION‐2

Landing Points • Mayotte (Mayotte)

LOWER INDIAN OCEAN NETWORK 2 • Mombasa (Kenya)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Capacity per Wavelength  (Gbps) Owners

System Installer Region

2012 2037 $76,000,000 3,000 1.28 2 64 10 Emtel Ltd., France Telecom,  Orange Madagascar, Telkom  Kenya Alpha Logistics, Elettra,  Orange Marine Indian Ocean Pan‐East Asian

Page 183 of 293 pages


Liquid Sea

PROJECT COMPLETION PHASES Pre‐Engineering

Survey

System Manufacture

System Installation

Landing Points

LIQUID SEA

• Quseer (Egypt)

• Mtunzini (South Africa)

• Mombasa (Kenya)

• Maputo (Mozambique)

• Djibouti City (Djibouti)

• Dar es Salaam (Tanzania)

• Aqaba (Jordan)

Commissioning & Acceptance

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Design Capacity (Tbps) Owners Region

2018 2043 $250,000,000 10,000 30 Liquid Telecom EMEA

Page 184 of 293 pages


MAC

Landing Points • St Croix (US Virgin Islands) • Brookhaven (United States)

MID‐ATLANTIC CROSSING • Hollywood (United States)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Owners System Installer Upgrader Upgrade Year Upgrade Capacity (Gbps) Region

2000 2025 $200,000,000 7,461 0.02 0.92 2 Global Crossing, Level 3  Communications Alcatel Submarine Networks,  FCR Infinera, Infinera 2010, 2011 10, 10 Americas

Page 185 of 293 pages


Main One

Landing Points

MAIN ONE

• Dakar (Senegal)

• Tenerife (Spain)

• Abidjan (Ivory Coast)

• Accra (Ghana)

• Casablanca (Morocco)

• Port Harcourt (Nigeria)

• Seixal (Portugal)

• Lagos (Nigeria)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Capacity per Wavelength  (Gbps) System Supplier Upgrader Upgrade Year Upgrade Capacity (Gbps) Region

2010 2035 $240,000,000 7,000 1.92 10 100 TE SubCom Xtera 2015 100 EMEA

Page 186 of 293 pages


MAREA

Landing Points • Bilbao (Spain)

MAREA • Virginia Beach (United States)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Owners System Supplier Cableship Region

2017 2042 $165,000,000 6,600 160 8 Facebook, Microsoft TE SubCom Teneo, Tyco Dependable Transatlantic

Page 187 of 293 pages


Matrix

Landing Points • Jakarta (Indonesia) • Batam (Indonesia)

MATRIX • Changi (Singapore)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Owners System Supplier System Installer Region

2008 2032 $30,000,000 1,438 0.6 2.56 4 Matrix Networks, NAP Info TE SubCom Global Marine Systems Limited AustralAsia

Page 188 of 293 pages


MAYA‐1

Landing Points

MAYA‐1

• Maria Chiquita (Panama)

• Hollywood (United States)

• Tolu (Colombia)

• Puerto Limon (Costa Rica)

• Cancun (Mexico)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Owners System Supplier System Installer Upgrader Upgrade Year Upgrade Capacity (Gbps) Region

2000 2025 $120,000,000 4,506 0.01 0.9225 2 MAYA‐1 Consortium Tyco Telecommunications Alcatel Submarine Networks,  Tyco Telecommunications Alcatel‐Lucent Submarine  Networks 2012 40 Americas

Page 189 of 293 pages


MBDC

Landing Points • Dumai (Indonesia)

MORATELINDO BATAM ‐ DUMAI CABLE • Batam (Indonesia)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Owners Region

2009 2034 $40,000,000 330 0.01 0.01 Moratelindo AustralAsia

Page 192 of 293 pages


MCT

Landing Points • Sihanoukville (Cambodia) • Cherating (Malaysia)

MALAYSIA‐CAMBODIA‐THAILAND • Rayoung (Thailand)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Capacity per Wavelength  (Gbps) Owners

System Supplier System Installer Region

2017 2041 $60,000,000 1,425 1.5 30 6 50 100 Symphony Communication  Public Company Limited,  Telcotech Limited, Telekom  Malaysia Berhad Huawei Marine Networks Global Marine Systems Limited AustralAsia

Page 193 of 293 pages


Med Cable Network

Landing Points • Annaba (Algeria) • Marseille (France)

MED CABLE NETWORK • Algiers (Algeria)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Owners Region

2005 2030 $40,000,000 1,300 0.02 0.02 Med Cable EMEA

Page 194 of 293 pages


MedNautilus

Landing Points

MEDNAUTILUS

• Chania (Greece)

• Catania (Italy)

• Haifa (Israel)

• Istanbul (Turkey)

• Koropi (Greece)

• Tel Aviv (Israel)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Capacity per Wavelength  (Gbps) System Installer Upgrader Upgrade Year Upgrade Capacity (Gbps) Region

2001 2026 $190,000,000 5,729 3.84 38.4 6 64 100 Alcatel Submarine Networks,  Orange Marine Infinera, Infinera, Infinera 2011, 2012, 2013 10, 10, 10 EMEA

Page 195 of 293 pages


Melita‐1

Landing Points • St Paul's Bay (Malta)

MELITA‐1 • Pozallo (Italy)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Owners Region

2009 2034 $14,000,000 100 0.00005 0.00005 Melita Infrastructure Ltd. EMEA

Page 196 of 293 pages


MENA

Landing Points

MIDDLE EAST NORTH AFRICA

• Jeddah (Saudi Arabia)

• Abu Talat (Egypt)

• Al Seeb (Oman)

• Zafarana (Egypt)

• Mazara (Italy)

• Mumbai (India)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Capacity per Wavelength  (Gbps) Owners

System Supplier System Installer Upgrader Upgrade Year Upgrade Capacity (Gbps) Region

2014 2039 $210,000,000 8,800 57.6 57.6 6 96 100 MENA Submarine Cable  Systems, Orascom Telecom  Media and Technology  Holding S.A.E. TE SubCom Alcatel Submarine Networks,  Elettra Infinera 2016 100 EMEA

Page 197 of 293 pages


MIC‐1

Landing Points • Changi (Singapore)

MORATEL INTERNATIONAL CABLE 1 • Batam (Indonesia)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Owners System Installer Region

2008 2033 $10,000,000 70 0.01 0.01 Moratelindo Global Marine Systems Limited AustralAsia

Page 198 of 293 pages


Micronesia Cable System

Landing Points

MICRONESIA CABLE SYSTEM

• (Guam)

• Pohnpei (Micronesia)

• Kwajalein (Marshall Islands)

• Majuro (Marshall Islands)

RFS Year EOS Year Length (km) Owners

System Supplier Region

2011 2036 174 Federated States of  Micronesia  Telecommunications  Authority, Marshall Island  National Telecommunications  Authority TE SubCom AustralAsia

Page 199 of 293 pages


Midgardsormen

PROJECT COMPLETION PHASES Pre‐Engineering

Landing Points • Virginia Beach (United States)

Survey

System Manufacture

System Installation

Commissioning & Acceptance

MIDGARDSORMEN • Blaabjerg (Denmark)

RFS Year EOS Year Length (km) Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Capacity per Wavelength  (Gbps) Owners Region

2020 2045 7,848 100 100 Midgardsormen Transatlantic

Page 200 of 293 pages


Minerva

Landing Points • Catania (Italy) • Mazara (Italy)

MINERVA • Yeroskipos (Cyprus)

RFS Year EOS Year Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Region

2007 2032 0.01 0.01 EMEA

Page 201 of 293 pages


MKCS

Landing Points

MATARAM‐KUPANG CABLE SYSTEM

• Mataram (Indonesia)

• Kupang (Indonesia)

• Ende (Indonesia)

• Waingapu (Indonesia)

• Saraemee (Indonesia)

• Ambalawi (Indonesia)

• Sumbawa (Indonesia)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Capacity per Wavelength  (Gbps) Owners System Supplier System Installer Region

2011 2036 $94,000,000 1,318 1.8 6 30 10 PT Telekom Huawei Marine Networks,  Nexans Nexans AustralAsia

Page 203 of 293 pages


Moana

PROJECT COMPLETION PHASES Pre‐Engineering

Landing Points

Survey

System Manufacture

System Installation

Commissioning & Acceptance

MOANA SUBMARINE CABLE SYSTEM

• (Samoa)

• (Cook Islands)

• (United States)

• (New Zealand)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Design Capacity (Tbps) Capacity per Wavelength  (Gbps) Owners Region

2018 2043 $250,000,000 9,700 20 200 Amper SA, Bluesky Pacific  Group AustralAsia

Page 204 of 293 pages


Monet

Landing Points • Fortaleza (Brazil) • Santos (Brazil)

MONET • Boca Raton (United States)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Capacity per Wavelength  (Gbps) Owners System Supplier Region

2017 2041 $280,000,000 10,556 60 6 100 100 Algar Telecom, Angola Cables,  Antel, Google TE SubCom Americas

Page 205 of 293 pages


Mythic

PROJECT COMPLETION PHASES Pre‐Engineering

Landing Points • (Thailand) • (Myanmar)

Survey

System Manufacture

System Installation

Commissioning & Acceptance

MYTHIC • (Malaysia)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Capacity per Wavelength  (Gbps) Owners Region

2018 2043 $40,000,000 1,600 20 2 100 100 Campana Group AustralAsia

Page 206 of 293 pages


NCP

PROJECT COMPLETION PHASES Pre‐Engineering

Survey

System Manufacture

Landing Points

Commissioning & Acceptance

NEW CROSS PACIFIC

• Busan (South Korea)

• Hillsboro (United States)

• Chongming (China)

• Lingang (China)

• Toucheng (Taiwan)

• Maruyama (Japan)

• Nanhui (China)

System Installation

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Design Capacity (Tbps) Capacity per Wavelength  (Gbps) Owners

System Supplier Region

2018 2043 $350,000,000 13,618 80 100 China Mobile, China Telecom,  China Unicom, Chunghwa  Telecom, Microsoft, Softbank  Mobile Corp TE SubCom Transpacific

Page 207 of 293 pages


NCSCS

Landing Points • Lagos (Nigeria)

• Kribi (Cameroon)

NIGERIA‐CAMEROON SUBMARINE CABLE  SYSTEM RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Owners System Supplier System Installer Region

2015 2040 $30,000,000 1,100 0.04 12.8 6 Cameroon Government, Main  One Cable Company Huawei Marine Networks,  Nexans Nexans EMEA

Page 208 of 293 pages


NEPTUNE Canada

Landing Points • Port Alberni (Canada)

NEPTUNE CANADA RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Owners System Installer Region

2007 2032 $62,000,000 800 University of Victoria Alcatel Submarine Networks Americas

Page 209 of 293 pages


Norsea Com‐1

Landing Points • Tysvær (Norway)

NORSEA COM‐1 • Lowestoft (United Kingdom)

RFS Year EOS Year Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Owners System Supplier Region

1999 2024 800 0.16 0.16 North Sea Communications AS Alcatel AKN EMEA

Page 210 of 293 pages


Northstar

Landing Points

NORTHSTAR

• Juneau (United States)

• Whittier (United States)

• Valdez (United States)

• Nedonna Beach (United States)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Owners System Installer Region

1999 2024 $90,000,000 3,385 0.01 0.01 Alaska Communications  Systems, Cable & Wireless Alcatel Submarine Networks,  Cable & Wireless Americas

Page 211 of 293 pages


Orval

PROJECT COMPLETION PHASES Pre‐Engineering

Survey

System Manufacture

Landing Points • Valencia (Spain)

System Installation

Commissioning & Acceptance

ORAN‐VALENCIA • Oran (Algeria)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Design Capacity (Tbps) Capacity per Wavelength  (Gbps) Owners

System Installer Region

2018 2043 $20,000,000 560 20 100 Algerian Ministry of Post,  Information Technology and  Communications Alcatel Submarine Networks EMEA

Page 212 of 293 pages


PAC

Landing Points

PAN‐AMERICAN CROSSING

• Tijuana (Mexico)

• Colon (Panama)

• Fort Amadour (Panama)

• Grover Beach (United States)

• Mazatlán (Mexico)

• St Croix (US Virgin Islands)

• Puerto Viejo (Venezuela)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Capacity per Wavelength  (Gbps) Owners System Supplier System Installer Upgrader Region

2001 2026 $350,000,000 9,451 0.01 3.2 2 16 100 Global Crossing, Level 3  Communications Tyco Telecommunications Tyco Telecommunications Xtera Americas

Page 213 of 293 pages


Palau‐Guam

Landing Points • Piti (Guam)

PALAU‐GUAM • Ngeremlengui (Palau)

RFS Year EOS Year Owners System Supplier Region

2017 2042 BSCC NEC AustralAsia

Page 214 of 293 pages


PAN‐AM

Landing Points

PAN AMERICAN

• Butler's Bay (St. Croix)

• Arica (Chile)

• Baby Beach (Aruba)

• Barranquilla (Colombia)

• Battery Pratt (Panama)

• Panama City (Panama)

• Lurin (Peru)

• Punto Fijo (Venezuela)

• Salinas (Ecuador)

• Magens Bay (Virgin Islands)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Owners

Region

1999 2024 $260,000,000 6,867 0.01 0.07 2 Antel, C&W, Cable Andino,  CANTV, CNT, Embratel, Entel,  Setar, Telecom Colombia,  Telmex Americas

Page 215 of 293 pages


Pangea

Landing Points

PANGEA

• Redcar (United Kingdom)

• Måde (Denmark)

• Lowestoft (United Kingdom)

• Fanø (Denmark)

• Beverwijk (Netherlands)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Owners System Supplier System Installer Region

2000 2025 $20,000,000 511 7 7 Pangea Ltd. Nexans Alcatel Submarine Networks,  Nexans EMEA

Page 216 of 293 pages


Paniolo

Landing Points

PANIOLO

• Kaunakakai (United States)

• Kekeha (United States)

• Hawaii Kai (United States)

• Maui (United States)

• Hawaii (United States)

• Makaha (United States)

RFS Year EOS Year Length (km) Fiber Pairs System Supplier System Installer Cableship Region

2009 2034 575 24 IT International Telecom IT International Telecom IT Intrepid AustralAsia

Page 217 of 293 pages


PC‐1

Landing Points

PACIFIC CROSSING 1

• Shima (Japan)

• Shima (Japan)

• Harbor Pointe (United States)

• Grover Beach (United States)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Capacity per Wavelength  (Gbps) Owners System Supplier System Installer Upgrader Upgrade Year Upgrade Capacity (Gbps) Region

2000 2025 $650,000,000 20,910 1.8 8.4 4 20 100 AT&T Submarine System, Inc.,  NT Communications Tyco Telecommunications Tyco Telecommunications Infinera 2013 40 Transpacific

Page 218 of 293 pages


PCCS

Landing Points

PACIFIC CARIBBEAN CABLE SYSTEM

• Cartagena (Colombia)

• Isla Verde (Puerto Rico)

• Tortola (United Kingdom)

• Hudishibana (Aruba)

• Balboa (Panama)

• Manta (Ecuador)

• Tera Cora (Curaçao)

• Jacksonville (United States)

• Maria Chiquita (Panama)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Capacity per Wavelength  (Gbps) Owners

Cableship Region

2015 2040 $160,000,000 6,000 48 6 100 Cable & Wireless  Communications, Setar,  Telconet, Telefónica Global  Solutions RV Ridley Thomas Americas

Page 219 of 293 pages


Peace

PROJECT COMPLETION PHASES Pre‐Engineering

Landing Points • (Kenya) • (Pakistan)

Survey

System Manufacture

System Installation

Commissioning & Acceptance

PAKISTAN EAST AFRICA CABLE EXPRESS • Djibouti (Djibouti)

RFS Year EOS Year Length (km) Owners System Supplier Region

2019 2044 6,800 China‐ASEAN Information  Harbor, Tropic Science Huawei Marine Networks EMEA

Page 220 of 293 pages


PEC

Landing Points

PAN‐EUROPEAN CROSSING

• Bredene (Belguim)

• Broadstairs (United Kingdom)

• Veules‐les‐Roses (France)

• Seaford (United Kingdom)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Owners Region

1999 2024 $20,000,000 170 0.01 0.01 Global Crossing, Level 3  Communications EMEA

Page 221 of 293 pages


PLCN

PROJECT COMPLETION PHASES Pre‐Engineering

Landing Points • (Hong Kong)

Survey

System Manufacture

System Installation

Commissioning & Acceptance

PACIFIC LIGHT CABLE NETWORK • Los Angeles (United States)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Capacity per Wavelength  (Gbps) Owners System Supplier Region

2018 2043 $400,000,000 12,800 120 5 240 100 Facebook, Google, Pacific Light  Data Communication TE SubCom Transpacific

Page 222 of 293 pages


PPC‐1

Landing Points • Sydney (Australia) • Madang (Papua New Guinea)

PIPE PACIFIC CABLE • Piti (Guam)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Owners System Supplier System Installer Upgrader Upgrade Capacity (Gbps) Region

2009 2034 $180,000,000 7,185 0.04 2.56 PIPE Networks Ltd. Tyco Telecommunications Tyco Telecommunications Infinera 100 AustralAsia

Page 223 of 293 pages


Qatar‐UAE

Landing Points • Halul (Qatar)

QATAR‐UAE • Das Island (United Arab Emirates)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Region

2004 2029 $10,000,000 208 0.02 0.02 EMEA

Page 224 of 293 pages


Quintillion Subsea

PROJECT COMPLETION PHASES Pre‐Engineering

Survey

System Manufacture

Landing Points

System Installation

Commissioning & Acceptance

QUINTILLION SUBSEA

• Nome (United States)

• Wainright (United States)

• Oliktok (United States)

• Barrow (United States)

• Point Hope (United States)

• Kotzebue (United States)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Capacity per Wavelength  (Gbps) Owners System Supplier Cableship

Region

2017 2041 $150,000,000 1,200 30 3 100 100 Quintillion Subsea Holdings Alcatel Submarine Networks Dreamcatcher, Ile de Batz, Ile  de Brehat, Ile de Sein, Pacific  Star Arctic

Page 225 of 293 pages


Quintillion Subsea 2

PROJECT COMPLETION PHASES Pre‐Engineering

Landing Points • Tokyo (Japan)

Survey

System Manufacture

System Installation

Commissioning & Acceptance

QUINTILLION SUBSEA 2 ‐ ASIA • Nome (USA)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Capacity per Wavelength  (Gbps) Owners Region

2020 2045 $150,000,000 3,500 30 3 100 100 Quintillion Subsea Holdings Arctic, Transpacific

Page 226 of 293 pages


Quintillion Subsea 3

PROJECT COMPLETION PHASES Pre‐Engineering

Landing Points • Iqaluit (Canada) • Prudhoe Bay (USA)

• London (United Kingdom)

Survey

System Manufacture

System Installation

Commissioning & Acceptance

QUINTILLION SUBSEA 3 ‐ CANADA/UNITED  KINGDOM RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Capacity per Wavelength  (Gbps) Owners Region

2021 2046 $250,000,000 5,000 30 3 100 100 Quintillion Subsea Holdings Arctic, Transatlantic

Page 227 of 293 pages


RJCN

Landing Points • Naoetsu (Japan)

RUSSIAN‐JAPAN CABLE NETWORK • Nakhodka (Russia)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Owners Region

2006 2031 $50,000,000 1,795 0.64 0.64 Rostelecom AustralAsia

Page 228 of 293 pages


RNAL

Landing Points

REACH NORTH ASIA LOOP

• Wada (Japan)

• Pusan (South Korea)

• Toucheng (Taiwan)

• Tong Fuk (Hong Kong)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Owners

Upgrader Upgrade Year Upgrade Capacity (Gbps) Region

2001 2026 $900,000,000 9,792 0.08 0.08 6 FLAG Telecom, Global Cloud  Xchange, Level 3  Communications Infinera, Infinera 2011, 2014 40, 40 AustralAsia

Page 229 of 293 pages


SAC

Landing Points

SOUTH AMERICAN CROSSING

• Lurin (Peru)

• St Croix (US Virgin Islands)

• Fortaleza (Brazil)

• Fort Amadour (Panama)

• Las Toninas (Argentina)

• Valparaiso (Chile)

• Santos (Brazil)

• Puerto Viejo (Venezuela)

• Rio de Janeiro (Brazil)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Capacity per Wavelength  (Gbps) Owners System Installer Upgrader Upgrade Year Upgrade Capacity (Gbps) Region

2001 2026 $520,000,000 15,983 0.1 4.84 4 30 40 Global Crossing, Level 3  Communications Alcatel Submarine Networks Infinera, Infinera 2010, 2011 10, 10 Americas

Page 230 of 293 pages


SACS

PROJECT COMPLETION PHASES Pre‐Engineering

Landing Points • Fortaleza (Brazil)

Survey

System Manufacture

System Installation

Commissioning & Acceptance

SOUTH ATLANTIC CABLE SYSTEM • Luanda (Angola)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Capacity per Wavelength  (Gbps) System Supplier System Installer Cableship Region

2018 2043 $130,000,000 6,200 40 40 4 100 100 NEC Orange Marine René Descartes Transatlantic

Page 231 of 293 pages


SAEx

PROJECT COMPLETION PHASES Pre‐Engineering

Landing Points

Survey

System Manufacture

System Installation

Commissioning & Acceptance

SOUTH ATLANTIC EXPRESS

• (St Helena and Ascension Islands)

• Virginia Beach (United States)

• Yzerfontein (South Africa)

• Lagos (Nigeria)

• Fortaleza (Brazil)

• Mtunzini (South Africa)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Capacity per Wavelength  (Gbps) Owners Region

2020 2045 $450,000,000 17,320 72 72 6 120 200 SAEx International Limited Transatlantic

Page 232 of 293 pages


SAFE

Landing Points

SOUTH AFRICA‐FAR EAST

• Cape Town (South Africa)

• Baie du Jacotet (Mauritius)

• Cochin (India)

• Saint‐Paul (Reunion)

• Penang (Malaysia)

• Durban (South Africa)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Owners

System Supplier System Installer Upgrader Upgrade Year Upgrade Capacity (Gbps) Region

2002 2027 $350,000,000 13,669 0.44 0.44 France Telecom, TATA  Communications, Telekom SA,  TM Berhad Tyco Telecommunications FCR, Tyco Telecommunications Alcatel‐Lucent Submarine  Networks 2014 40 Indian Ocean Pan‐East Asian

Page 233 of 293 pages


SAIL

PROJECT COMPLETION PHASES Pre‐Engineering

Survey

System Manufacture

Landing Points • Fortaleza (Brazil)

System Installation

Commissioning & Acceptance

SOUTH ATLANTIC INTER LINK • Kribi (Cameroon)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Capacity per Wavelength  (Gbps) Owners System Supplier System Installer Region

2018 2043 $487,000,000 5,900 32 4 80 100 CamTel, China Unicom Huawei Marine Networks,  Nexans Global Marine Systems  Limited, Nexans Transatlantic

Page 234 of 293 pages


SAM‐1

Landing Points

SOUTH AMERICA‐1

• Puerto Barrios (Guatemala)

• Arica (Chile)

• Barranquilla (Colombia)

• Boca Raton (United States)

• Fortaleza (Brazil)

• Mancora (Peru)

• Lurin (Peru)

• Las Toninas (Argentina)

• Rio de Janeiro (Brazil)

• Salinas (Ecuador)

• Salvador (Brazil)

• San Juan (Puerto Rico)

• Santos (Brazil)

• Valparaiso (Chile)

• Puerto San Jose (Guatemala)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Capacity per Wavelength  (Gbps) Owners System Supplier System Installer Upgrader Upgrade Year Upgrade Capacity (Gbps) Region

2001 2026 $650,000,000 24,140 0.16 19.2 4 48 100 Telefonica Tyco Telecommunications Tyco Telecommunications Infinera, Infinera, Infinera 2009, 2010, 2012 10, 10, 10 Americas

Page 235 of 293 pages


Samoa‐Fiji

PROJECT COMPLETION PHASES Pre‐Engineering

Survey

System Manufacture

Landing Points

System Installation

Commissioning & Acceptance

SAMOA‐FIJI

• Suva (Fiji)

• (Wallis and Futana)

• Savai'i (Samoa)

• Upolu (Samoa)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Owners Region

2018 2043 $57,400,000 1,300 Samoa Submarine Cable  Company AustralAsia

Page 236 of 293 pages


SAPL

PROJECT COMPLETION PHASES Pre‐Engineering

Landing Points

Survey

System Manufacture

System Installation

Commissioning & Acceptance

SOUTH AMERICA PACIFIC LINK

• Balboa (Panama)

• Oahu (United States)

• Valparaiso (Chile)

• Jacksonville (United States)

• Hilo (United States)

• Lima (Peru)

• Arica (Chile)

• (Cuba)

• (Dominican Republic)

• Manta (Ecuador)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Capacity per Wavelength  (Gbps) Owners System Supplier Region

2019 2044 $400,000,000 17,600 30 3 150 100 Ocean Networks Alcatel Submarine Networks Transpacific

Page 237 of 293 pages


SAS‐1

Landing Points • Jeddah (Saudi Arabia)

SAUDI ARABIA‐SUDAN • Port Sudan (Sudan)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Owners Region

2003 2028 $20,000,000 333 1.28 1.28 4 Saudi Telecom Company EMEA

Page 238 of 293 pages


SAT‐3

Landing Points

SOUTH ATLANTIC 3

• Douala (Cameroon)

• Abidjan (Ivory Coast)

• Accra (Ghana)

• Alta Vista (Spain)

• Chipiona (Spain)

• Dakar (Senegal)

• Lagos (Nigeria)

• Libreville (Gabon)

• Luanda (Angola)

• Melkbosstrand (South Africa)

• Sesimbra (Portugal)

• Cotonou (Benin)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Capacity per Wavelength  (Gbps) Owners

System Installer Upgrader Upgrade Year Upgrade Capacity (Gbps) Region

2002 2027 $370,000,000 14,350 0.34 0.8 2 40 British Telecommunications  PLC, C&W, CamTel, CIT, Côte  d’Ivoire Telecom, CPRM,  France Telecom, Ghana  Telecom, Maroc Telecom of  Morocco, Nigerian  Telecommunications Ltd,  Nitel, OPT Benin, OPT Gabon,  TATA Communications, TCI,  Telecom Namibia, Telefonica,  Telekom SA, Togo Telecom Alcatel Submarine Networks Alcatel‐Lucent Submarine  Networks 2014 40 EMEA Page 239 of 293 pages


SCAN

Landing Points • (Indonesia)

SUBMARINE CABLE ASIA NETWORK • (Hong Kong)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Owners

Region

2011 2036 $337,000,000 4,300 0.04 1.92 PT. Fangbian Iskan  Corporindo, Telemedia Pacific  Inc. AustralAsia

Page 240 of 293 pages


SCF‐CN

Landing Points

SCF‐CN

• Basseterre (St. Kitts & Nevis)

• Bridgetown (Barbados)

• Kingstown (St. Vincent)

• Martinique (Martinique)

• Port Castries (St Lucia)

• Macqueripe (Trinidad and Tobago)

• Port Salines (Grenada)

RFS Year EOS Year Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Owners Region

2007 2032 1,186 1.28 1.28 Group Loret Americas

Page 241 of 293 pages


Scotland‐Orkney‐Shetland

Landing Points

SCOTLAND‐ORKNEY‐SHETLAND RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Owners Region

2013 2038 $12,000,000 400 British Telecommunications  PLC EMEA

Page 242 of 293 pages


Seabras‐1

Landing Points • Wall Township (United States)

SEABRAS‐1 • Praia Grande (Brazil)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Capacity per Wavelength  (Gbps) Owners Region

2017 2042 $509,000,000 10,750 72 72 6 120 100 Seaborn Group Americas

Page 243 of 293 pages


Seacom

Landing Points

SEACOM

• Dar es Salaam (Tanzania)

• Abu Talat (Egypt)

• (Djibouti)

• Maputo (Mozambique)

• Mtunzini (South Africa)

• Mumbai (India)

• Zafarana (Egypt)

• Mombasa (Kenya)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Owners

System Supplier System Installer Upgrader Upgrade Year Upgrade Capacity (Gbps) Region

2009 2034 $600,000,000 13,601 0.11 4.2 Convergence Partners,  Herakles Telecom LLC,  Industrial Promotion Services,  Seacom Ltd, Shanduka Group,  VenFin Limited Tyco Telecommunications SSI Tyco Telecommunications SSI Ciena 2013 100 Indian Ocean Pan‐East Asian

Page 244 of 293 pages


SEAK

Landing Points

SOUTH EAST ALASKA

• Ketchikan (United States)

• Juneau (United States)

• Angoon (United States)

• Petersburg (United States)

• Wrangell (United States)

• Sitka (United States)

• Hawk Inlet (United States)

RFS Year EOS Year Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Owners Region

2008 2033 0.01 0.01 GCI Americas

Page 245 of 293 pages


SEA‐ME‐WE 3

Landing Points • Satun (Thailand)

• Suez (Egypt)

• Nanhui District (China)

• Yeroskipos (Cyprus)

• Tungku (Brunei)

• Tuas (Singapore)

• Toucheng (Taiwan)

• Tetouan (Morocco)

• Deep Water Bay (Hong Kong)

• Shantou (China)

• Norden (Germany)

• Pyapon (Myanmar)

• Perth (Australia)

• Penmarch (France)

• Penang (Malaysia)

• Oostende (Belguim)

• Okinawa Prefecture (Japan)

• Mumbai (India)

• Taipa (Macau)

• Fangshan (Taiwan)

• Goonhilly (United Kingdom)

• Jeddah (Saudi Arabia)

• Karachi (Pakistan)

• Keoje (South Korea)

• Marmaris (Turkey)

• Fujairah (United Arab Emirates)

• Medan (Indonesia)

• Sesimbra (Portugal)

• Mazara (Italy)

• Mersing (Malaysia)

• (Djibouti)

• Dehiwala‐Mount Lavinia (Sri Lanka)

• Da Nang (Vietnam)

• Chania (Greece)

• Batangas (Philippines)

• Al Seeb (Oman)

• Alexandria (Egypt)

• Cochin (India)

SOUTH EAST ASIA‐MIDDLE EAST‐WESTERN  EUROPE 3 RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Capacity per Wavelength  (Gbps) Owners

System Supplier System Installer Upgrade Year Upgrade Capacity (Gbps) Region

1999 2024 $1,500,000,000 39,622 0.04 12.8 2 64 100 Cyprus Telecommunications  Authority, SEA‐ME‐WE 3  Consortium, TATA  Communications, TM Berhad Fujitsu, KDD‐SCS, Pirelli, Tyco  Telecommunications Alcatel Submarine Networks,  Tyco Telecommunications 2015 100 AustralAsia, EMEA, Indian  Ocean Pan‐East Asian

Page 246 of 293 pages


SEA‐ME‐WE 4

Landing Points • Karachi (Pakistan)

• Alexandria (Egypt)

• Tuas (Singapore)

• Suez (Egypt)

• Satun (Thailand)

• Palermo (Italy)

• Mumbai (India)

• Marseille (France)

• Melaka (Malaysia)

• Bizerte (Tunisia)

• Jeddah (Saudi Arabia)

• Fujairah (United Arab Emirates)

• Cox's Bazaar (Bangladesh)

• Colombo (Sri Lanka)

• Chennai (India)

• Annaba (Algeria)

• Mumbai (India)

SOUTH EAST ASIA‐MIDDLE EAST‐WESTERN  EUROPE 4 RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Capacity per Wavelength  (Gbps) Owners

System Supplier

2005 2030 $500,000,000 18,846 1.28 12.8 2 64 100 Algerie Telecom, Bangladesh  Submarine Cable Company,  Bharti Airtel, CAT Telecom, Du,  France Telecom, Pakistan  Telecommunication Company  Limited, Saudi Telecom  Company, Sri Lanka Telecom  Limited, TATA  Communications, Telekom  Malaysia, TM Berhad, Tunisie  Telecom, Verizon Fujitsu, Mitsubishi Electric  Corporation

Page 247 of 293 pages


SEA‐ME‐WE 5

Landing Points • Satun (Thailand)

• Karachi (Pakistan)

• Marseille (France)

• Annaba (Algeria)

• Palermo (Italy)

• Bizerte (Tunisia)

• Jeddah (Saudi Arabia)

• Fujairah (United Arab Emirates)

• Chennai (India)

• Malacca (Malacca)

• Cox's Bazar (Bangladesh)

• Colombo (Sri Lanka)

• Singapore (Singapore)

• Mumbai (India)

SOUTH EAST ASIA‐MIDDLE EAST‐WESTERN  EUROPE 5 RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Capacity per Wavelength  (Gbps)

2017 2042 $1,000,000,000 20,000 24 24 3 80 100

Page 248 of 293 pages


SEA‐US

Landing Points

SOUTH EAST ASIA‐UNITED STATES

• Honolulu (United States)

• Piti (Guam)

• Davao (Phillippines)

• Manado (Indonesia)

• Los Angeles (United States)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Capacity per Wavelength  (Gbps) Owners

Region

2017 2042 $250,000,000 15,400 20 20 2 100 100 Globe Telecom, GTA, GTI,  Hawaiian Telecom, RTI, Telin,  Telkom USA Transpacific

Page 249 of 293 pages


SEAX‐1

Landing Points • Mersing (Malaysia) • Batam (Indonesia)

SEAX‐1 • Changi (Singapore)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Fiber Pairs Owners System Supplier System Installer Region

2018 2043 $6,250,000 250 24 Super SEA Cable Networks Pte.  Ltd. Huawei Marine Networks,  Nexans Huawei Marine Networks AustralAsia

Page 250 of 293 pages


SG‐SCS

Landing Points • Totness (Suriname) • Macqueripe (Trinidad)

• Georgetown (Guyana)

SURINAME‐GUYANA SUBMARINE CABLE  SYSTEM RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Capacity per Wavelength  (Gbps) Owners

System Supplier System Installer Region

2010 2035 $54,000,000 1,249 3.6 2 64 10 Guyana Telephone and  Telegraph Co. Ltd., Telesur of  Suriname Huawei Marine Networks,  Nexans Global Marine Systems  Limited, Nexans Americas

Page 251 of 293 pages


Shefa 2

Landing Points

SHETLAND‐FAROESE 2

• Tórshavn (Faroe Islands)

• Sandwick (Scotland)

• Maywick (United Kingdom)

• Banff (United Kingdom)

• Ayre of Cara (United Kingdom)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Owners System Supplier Upgrader Region

2008 2033 $27,000,000 828 0.02 0.57 Faroese Telecom IT International Telecom, NSW Xtera EMEA

Page 252 of 293 pages


Silphium

Landing Points • Chania (Greece)

SILPHIUM • Darnah (Libya)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Capacity per Wavelength  (Gbps) Owners

System Supplier System Installer Region

2012 2037 $20,000,000 426 0.07 1.2 3 40 10 Libyan Post, Telecom and  Information Technology  Company Huawei Marine Networks,  Nexans Nexans EMEA

Page 253 of 293 pages


SJC

Landing Points

SOUTH‐EAST ASIA JAPAN CABLE

• Tuas (Singapore)

• Telisai (Brunei)

• Shantou (China)

• Nasugbu (Philippines)

• Lantau (Hong Kong)

• Chikura (Japan)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Capacity per Wavelength  (Gbps) Owners

System Supplier System Installer Upgrader Upgrade Year Upgrade Capacity (Gbps) Region

2013 2038 $400,000,000 8,986 28 28 6 100 Brunei International Gateway  Sendirian Berhad, China  Mobile, China Telecom, China  Telecom International Ltd.,  Donghwa Telecom Co., Globe  Telecom, Google, SJC  Consortium, Telemedia Pacific  Inc., Telin, TOT Public Co. TE SubCom S.B. Submarine Systems TE SubCom, TE SubCom 2014, 2016 100, 100 AustralAsia

Page 255 of 293 pages


SKR1M

Landing Points

SISTEM KABEL RAKYAT 1 MALAYSIA

• Miri (Malaysia)

• Mersing (Malaysia)

• Kuching (Malaysia)

• Kota Kinabalu (Malaysia)

• Cherating (Malaysia)

• Bintulu (Malaysia)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Design Capacity (Tbps) Owners System Installer Region

2017 2042 $100,000,000 3,500 4 Telekom Malaysia, TIME  dotCom Bhd Telekom Malaysia AustralAsia

Page 256 of 293 pages


SMPCS

Landing Points • (New Guinea)

SULAWESI‐MALUKU‐PAPUA CABLE SYSTEM • (Papua)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Design Capacity (Tbps) Owners Cableship Region

2015 2040 $71,100,000 2,000 40 PT Telekom Fugro Supporter
 AustralAsia

Page 257 of 293 pages


SMPR‐1

Landing Points • St Martin (Netherlands Antilles)

ST. MAARTEN‐PUERTO RICO 1 • San Juan (Puerto Rico)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Region

2004 2029 $15,000,000 382 0.0025 0.0025 Americas

Page 258 of 293 pages


Solas

Landing Points • Kilmore Quay (Ireland)

SOLAS • Oxwich Bay (United Kingdom)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Owners System Installer Region

2012 2037 $6,000,000 140 0.05 0.005 Eircom Global Marine Systems Limited EMEA

Page 259 of 293 pages


Southern Cross Cable Network

Landing Points

SOUTHERN CROSS CABLE NETWORK

• Brookvale (Australia)

• Alexandria (Australia)

• Kahe Point (United States)

• Morro Bay (United States)

• Nedonna Beach (United States)

• Suva (Fiji)

• Takapuna (New Zealand)

• Whenuapai (New Zealand)

• Spencer Beach (United States)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Capacity per Wavelength  (Gbps) Owners System Supplier System Installer Upgrader Upgrade Year Upgrade Capacity (Gbps) Region

2000 2030 $1,300,000,000 30,000 3.6 14 3 16 100 Verizon Alcatel Submarine Networks,  Fujitsu Alcatel Submarine Networks Ciena, Ciena 2012, 2013 40, 40 AustralAsia; Transpacific

Page 260 of 293 pages


Southern Cross NEXT

PROJECT COMPLETION PHASES Pre‐Engineering

Landing Points • Los Angeles (United States) • Sydney (Australia)

Survey

System Manufacture

System Installation

Commissioning & Acceptance

SOUTHERN CROSS NEXT • Auckland (New Zealand)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Capacity per Wavelength  (Gbps) Cableship Region

2019 2044 $350,000,000 12,500 100 Geo Resolu on
 Transpacific

Page 261 of 293 pages


Svalbard

Landing Points • Hotellneset (Norway) • Andøy (Norway)

SVALBARD • Harstad (Norway)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Owners System Supplier System Installer

Region

2004 2029 $80,000,000 2,800 4.8 4.8 Telenor Nexans, Tyco  Telecommunications Global Marine Systems  Limited, Nexans, Tyco  Telecommunications EMEA

Page 262 of 293 pages


Tangerine

Landing Points • Oostende (Belguim)

TANGERINE • Broadstairs (United Kingdom)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Owners Region

2000 2025 $10,000,000 121 0.24 0.24 96 Level 3 Communications EMEA

Page 263 of 293 pages


Tannat

Landing Points • Maldonado (Uruguay)

TANNAT • Santos (Brazil)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Owners System Supplier System Installer Region

2017 2042 $50,000,000 2,000 90 6 Antel, Google, Government of  Uruguay TE SubCom TE SubCom Americas

Page 264 of 293 pages


Tasman Global Access

Landing Points • Sydney (Australia)

TASMAN GLOBAL ACCESS • Ngarunui Beach (New Zealand)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Capacity per Wavelength  (Gbps) Owners Region

2017 2042 $60,000,000 2,300 20 2 100 Spark New Zealand, Telstra,  Vodafone AustralAsia

Page 265 of 293 pages


TAT 14

Landing Points

TAT‐14

• Manasquan (United States)

• Norden (Germany)

• Katwijk (Netherlands)

• Blaabjerg (Denmark)

• Tuckerton (United States)

• Widemouth (United Kingdom)

• Saint‐Valery‐en‐Caux (France)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Capacity per Wavelength  (Gbps) Owners System Supplier System Installer Upgrade Year Upgrade Capacity (Gbps) Region

2001 2026 $400,000,000 15,453 0.16 9.38 4 40 40 KPN Telecom, TAT‐14  Consortium Mitsubishi Electric Corporation Global Marine Systems Limited 2012 40 Transatlantic

Page 266 of 293 pages


TE North

Landing Points • Marseille (France) • Abu Talat (Egypt)

TELECOM EGYPT NORTH • Pentaskinos (Republic of Cyprus)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Capacity per Wavelength  (Gbps) Owners Upgrader Upgrade Year Upgrade Capacity (Gbps) Region

2011 2036 $150,000,000 2,938 10 20 8 25 100 Telecom Egypt Infinera 2012 100 EMEA

Page 267 of 293 pages


TEAMS

Landing Points • Mombasa (Kenya)

THE EAST AFRICAN MARINE SYSTEM • Fujairah (United Arab Emirates)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Owners Region

2009 2034 $130,000,000 4,500 0.12 1.28 Etisalat, TEAMS Ltd. Indian Ocean Pan‐East Asian

Page 268 of 293 pages


TGN Eurasia

Landing Points

TGN EURASIA

• Mtunzini (South Africa)

• Abu Talat (Egypt)

• (Djibouti)

• Marseille (France)

• Mumbai (India)

• Zafarana (Egypt)

• Jeddah (Saudi Arabia)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Owners Region

2009 2034 $250,000,000 9,240 0.16 1.28 TATA Communications Indian Ocean Pan‐East Asian

Page 269 of 293 pages


TGN Gulf

Landing Points

TGN GULF

• Sumaisma (Qatar)

• Manama (Bahrain)

• Kuwait City (Kuwait)

• Dubai (United Arab Emirates)

• Al‐Khobar (Saudi Arabia)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Owners System Supplier Region

2011 2036 $200,000,000 2,306 1.28 2 TATA Communications TE SubCom EMEA

Page 270 of 293 pages


TGN Intra‐Asia

Landing Points

TGN INTRA‐ASIA

• Singapore (Singapore)

• Piti (Guam)

• Deep Water Bay (Hong Kong)

• Toyohashi (Japan)

• Vung Tau (Vietnam)

• Ballesteros (Philippines)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Capacity per Wavelength  (Gbps) Owners System Installer Upgrader Upgrade Year Upgrade Capacity (Gbps) Region

2009 2034 $180,000,000 6,485 3.84 3.84 100 TATA Communications Orange Marine Ciena 2014 100 AustralAsia

Page 271 of 293 pages


TGN Northern Europe

Landing Points • Humanby (United Kingdom)

TGN NORTHERN EUROPE • De Marne (Netherlands)

RFS Year EOS Year Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Owners Region

2002 2027 551 3.84 3.84 4 TATA Communications EMEA

Page 272 of 293 pages


TGN Transatlantic

Landing Points • Wall Township (United States) • Highbridge (United Kingdom)

TGN TRANSATLANTIC • Saunton Sands (United Kingdom)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Owners System Supplier System Installer Upgrader Upgrade Year Upgrade Capacity (Gbps) Region

2001 2026 $340,000,000 12,670 2.56 50 4 64 TATA Communications Tyco Telecommunications Tyco Telecommunications Ciena 2013 100 Transatlantic

Page 273 of 293 pages


TGN Transpacific

Landing Points

TGN TRANSPACIFIC

• Toyohashi (Japan)

• Emi (Japan)

• Nedonna Beach (United States)

• Hermosa Beach (United States)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Capacity per Wavelength  (Gbps) Owners System Supplier System Installer Upgrader Upgrade Year Upgrade Capacity (Gbps) Region

2002 2027 $580,000,000 21,424 5.12 5.12 8 96 100 TATA Communications Tyco Telecommunications Tyco Telecommunications Ciena 2014 100 Transpacific

Page 274 of 293 pages


TGN Western Europe

Landing Points • Seixal (Portugal) • Bilbao (Spain)

TGN WESTERN EUROPE • Highbridge (United Kingdom)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Owners System Supplier System Installer Region

2002 2027 $100,000,000 3,487 3.84 3.84 TATA Communications Tyco Telecommunications Tyco Telecommunications EMEA

Page 275 of 293 pages


TGN‐TIC

Landing Points • Tuas (Singapore)

TGN‐TIC • Chennai (India)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Owners Region

2005 2030 $90,000,000 3,175 5.12 5.12 8 64 TATA Communications Indian Ocean Pan‐East Asian

Page 276 of 293 pages


TIS

Landing Points • Songkhla (Thailand)

THAILAND‐INDONESIA‐SINGAPORE • Batam (Indonesia)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Owners System Supplier System Installer Cableship Region

2006 2031 $36,000,000 1,003 0.03 0.03 CAT Telecom, PT Telekom,  Singtel Tyco Telecommunications ASEAN Cableship, Tyco  Telecommunications Asean Protector AustralAsia

Page 277 of 293 pages


Tobruk‐Emased

Landing Points • El Quawef (Libya)

TOBRUK‐EMASED • Tobruk (Libya)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Capacity per Wavelength  (Gbps) Owners

System Supplier System Installer Region

2010 2035 $10,000,000 180 25.6 8 80 40 Libyan Post, Telecom and  Information Technology  Company Huawei Marine Networks Orange Marine EMEA

Page 278 of 293 pages


Tonga‐Fiji

Landing Points • Suva (Fiji)

TONGA‐FIJI • Nuku'alofa (Tonga)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Owners Region

2012 2037 $18,900,000 827 Tonga Cable Limited AustralAsia

Page 279 of 293 pages


TPE

Landing Points

TRANS‐PACIFIC EXPRESS

• Tanshui (Taiwan)

• Qingdao (China)

• Nedonna Beach (United States)

• Keoje (South Korea)

• Shin‐Maruyama (China)

• Chongming (China)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Capacity per Wavelength  (Gbps) Owners

System Supplier System Installer

Upgrader Upgrade Year Upgrade Capacity (Gbps) Region

2008 2033 $440,000,000 16,163 1.28 5.12 4 64 100 China Telecom, China Unicom,  Chunghwa Telecom  International, Verizon TE SubCom, Tyco  Telecommunications Global Marine Systems  Limited, Tyco  Telecommunications TE SubCom 2013 10 Transpacific

Page 280 of 293 pages


Trident

PROJECT COMPLETION PHASES Pre‐Engineering

Landing Points

Survey

System Manufacture

System Installation

Commissioning & Acceptance

TRIDENT

• Onslow (Australia)

• Jakarta (Indonesia)

• (Singapore)

• Perth (Australia)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Capacity per Wavelength  (Gbps) Owners System Supplier Region

2018 2043 $290,000,000 4,600 28 2 100 100 Trident Subsea Cable TE SubCom AustralAsia

Page 281 of 293 pages


TSE‐1

Landing Points • Tamsui District (Taiwan)

TAIWAN STRAIT EXPRESS • Changle (China)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Owners

System Supplier System Installer Region

2013 2038 $10,000,000 270 6.4 8 China Mobile, China Unicom,  Chunghwa Telecom, Far  EasTone Telecommunications,  Taiwan International Gateway  Corporation, Taiwan Mobile Huawei Marine Networks S.B. Submarine Systems AustralAsia

Page 282 of 293 pages


Tui‐Samoa

PROJECT COMPLETION PHASES Pre‐Engineering

Survey

System Manufacture

Landing Points

System Installation

Commissioning & Acceptance

TUI‐SAMOA

• Tuasivi (Samoa)

• Suva (Fiji)

• Savusavu (Fiji)

• Savai'i (Samoa)

• Mata‐Utu (Wallis and Futana)

• Leava (Wallis and Futana)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Design Capacity (Tbps) Capacity per Wavelength  (Gbps) Owners System Supplier System Installer Cableship Region

2017 2042 $57,400,000 1,470 8 100 Samoa Submarine Cable  Company Alcatel Submarine Networks Alcatel Submarine Networks Ile de Re AustralAsia

Page 283 of 293 pages


TWA‐1

Landing Points • Karachi (Pakistan) • Al Seeb (Oman)

TRANSWORLD ASSOCIATES • Fujairah (United Arab Emirates)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Owners System Supplier System Installer Upgrade Year Upgrade Capacity (Gbps) Region

2006 2031 $40,000,000 1,300 1.28 1.28 Trans‐World Associates Huawei Marine Networks,  Tyco Telecommunications Tyco Telecommunications 2016 100 EMEA

Page 284 of 293 pages


Ugarit

Landing Points • Pentaskhinos (Cyprus)

UGARIT • Tartus (Syria)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Owners System Supplier System Installer Region

1995 2020 $16,000,000 240 0.000622 0.000622 Cyprus Telecommunications  Authority AT&T Submarine System, Inc. AT&T Submarine System, Inc. EMEA

Page 285 of 293 pages


Unisur

Landing Points • Maldonado (Uruguay) • Florianopolis (Brazil)

UNISUR • Las Toninas (Argentina)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Owners

Region

1994 2019 $74,000,000 1,720 0.00056 0.00056 Antel, Embratel, Telecom  Argentina, Telefonica de  Argentina Americas

Page 286 of 293 pages


Unity

Landing Points • Los Angeles (United States)

UNITY • Chikura (Japan)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Capacity per Wavelength  (Gbps) Owners System Supplier System Installer Upgrader Upgrade Year Upgrade Capacity (Gbps) Region

2010 2035 $300,000,000 9,486 1.92 7.68 8 96 100 Bharti Airtel, Global Transit,  Google, Singtel Tyco Telecommunications Kokusai Cable Ship, Tyco  Telecommunications Ciena 2013 100 Transpacific

Page 287 of 293 pages


Ventspils‐Gotland

Landing Points • Ventspils (Latvia) • Fårösund (Sweden)

VETNSPILS‐GOTLAN • Stockholm (Sweden)

RFS Year EOS Year Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Owners System Supplier Region

2004 2029 175 0.0025 0.0025 34 Baltcom TE SubCom EMEA

Page 288 of 293 pages


VMSCS

Landing Points • Catania (Italy)

VODAFONE MALTA‐SICILY CABLE SYSTEM • Balluta (Malta)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Owners Region

2004 2029 $10,000,000 250 0.01 0.01 Vodafone Malta EMEA

Page 289 of 293 pages


WACS

Landing Points

WEST AFRICA CABLE SYSTEM

• Cape Verde (Cape Verde)

• Luanda (Angola)

• Alta Vista (Spain)

• Douala (Cameroon)

• Lagos (Nigeria)

• Lome (Togo)

• Pointe Noire (Congo)

• Sesimbra (Portugal)

• Highbridge (United Kingdom)

• Walvis Bay (Namibia)

• Accra (Ghana)

• Muanda (Democratic Republic of  Congo)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Capacity per Wavelength  (Gbps) Owners

System Supplier Upgrader Upgrade Year Upgrade Capacity (Gbps) Region

2012 2037 $600,000,000 14,350 5.12 14.5 4 32 100 Broadband Infraco, C&W,  Congo Telecom, MTN Group,  Office Congolais de Poste et  Telecommunication, TATA  Communications, Telecom  Namibia, Telekom SA, Togo  Telecom, Vodacom Huawei Marine Networks Huawei Marine Networks 2015 100 EMEA

Page 290 of 293 pages


WALL‐LI

PROJECT COMPLETION PHASES Pre‐Engineering

Landing Points • Westbury (United States)

Survey

System Manufacture

System Installation

Commissioning & Acceptance

WALL‐LI • Wall Township (United States)

RFS Year EOS Year Length (km) Fiber Pairs Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Capacity per Wavelength  (Gbps) Owners Region

2019 2044 95 96 100 100 Crosslake Fibre, Inc. Americas

Page 291 of 293 pages


WARF

Landing Points • Hulhumalé (India)

WARF • Cochin (India)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Owners System Installer Region

2007 2032 $20,000,000 680 WARF Telecom International Alcatel Submarine Networks Indian Ocean Pan‐East Asian

Page 292 of 293 pages


Western Visayas‐Palawan

Landing Points • Taytay (Philippines)

WESTERN VISAYAS‐PALAWAN • San Jose de Buenavista (Philippines)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Owners Region

2014 2039 $20,000,000 300 PLDT AustralAsia

Page 293 of 293 pages

Submarine Cable Almanac Issue 24  

Since the last issue, we have updated every single system with a substantive change and added 10 new systems.   As part of our continuing co...