Page 1

Almanac Report


submarine cable FOREWORD Welcome to the twenty-sixth edition of the Submarine Cable Almanac, one of our most popular reference tools. Since the last issue, we have updated over half of the systems listed with substantive changes and modernized every single system map with new visual elements. You may also notice more of our continuous updates to this publication. Our analysts’ and database engineers’ continual R&D efforts are ongoing and aim to bear new tools and presentations for each edition of SubTel publications. With each issue we plan to bring new data and techniques to you, our loyal readers. The data provided in this document is, as it ever has been, from the public domain and supplied by owners and suppliers directly. If you see a system that needs updating or know of an upcoming system that needs to be represented, please feel free to contact us directly at kclark@subtelforum.com. I would like to thank our sponsors and supporters, without you this document and the others like it would not be possible! Good reading, Kristian Nielsen Vice President


METHODOLOGY SubTel Forum’s 26th edition of Submarine Cable Almanac was produced by the analysts at STF Analytics, which is a Division of Submarine Telecoms Forum, Inc., and provides submarine cable system analysis for SubTel Forum’s Submarine Cable Almanac, Cable Map, Industry Report and Industry Newsfeed. STF Analytics utilizes its proprietary Submarine Cable Database, which was initially developed in 2013 and modified with real-time data thereafter, and tracks some 400+ current and planned domestic and international cable systems, including project information suitable for querying by client, year, project, region, system length, capacity, landing points, owners, installers, etc. The Submarine Cable Database is purpose-built by STF Analytics’ database administration team, which is powered by SQL and retained on a Microsoft Azure platform. Maps are produced with ArcGIS Pro, in the same format and visual style as SubTel Forum's Submarine Cables of the World print map. Data is collected from the public domain, and is the most accurate, comprehensive, and centralized source of information in the industry. At present, STF Analytics’ Submarine Cable Database is chronicling the work of some 18 financiers, 477 cable owners, 22 system suppliers, 12 upgraders, 15 system surveyors and 25 system installers. In addition, it manages data for some 356 projects, across 7 regions and 842 landing points. To accomplish the quarterly Submarine Cable Almanac in line with SubTel Forum requirements, STF Analytics conducted continuous data gathering throughout the year. Data assimilation and consolidation in its Submarine Cable Database was accomplished in parallel with data gathering efforts. Below is a list of defined acronyms and terminology used in this document: Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps) – The capacity of individual wavelengths, express in gigabits per second Design Capacity (Tbps) – The maximum capacity available on a cable system, expressed in terabits per second EOS – End of Service, the year a cable system is expected to reach end of life Fiber Pairs – The number of fiber pairs in the cable system Initial Capacity (Tbps) – The capacity a cable system launched with, expressed in terabits per second Landing Points – The cities where a cable system comes ashore Length (km) – The total length of the cable system, in kilometers Owners – The names of all reported companies reported as owning a stake in the cable system Region – Which of the six regions (Americas, AustralAsia, EMEA, Indian Ocean Pan-East Asian, Transatlantic, Transpacific) the cable system is in RFS – Ready for Service, the year a cable system entered service System Cost (USD) – The cost for the cable system project in US dollars System Installer – The names of all reported companies that installed the cable system System Supplier – The names of all reported companies that supplied the cable system Upgrader — The names of all reported companies that have performed a cable system upgrade Upgrade Capacity (Gbps) – The wavelength capacity a systm was upgraded to Upgrade Year – The years a cable system received an upgrade Wavelengths per Fiber Pairs – The number of wavelengths/channels on a single fiber pair


AAE-1

............................................

9

BIN

............................................

63

AAG

............................................

10

BIOS / Jonah

............................................

64

AC-1 AC-2

............................................

11

BLAST

............................................

65

............................................

12

Boracay-Palawan

............................................

66

ACE

............................................

13

Botnia

............................................

67

Adones

............................................

15

BRCS

............................................

68

ADRIA-1

............................................

16

BRUSA

............................................

69

AEC-1

............................................

17

BSCS

............................................

70

AJC

............................................

18

BSFOCS

............................................

71

Akorn

............................................

19

Cadmos

............................................

72

Alasia

............................................

20

Canalink

............................................

73

Alaska United East

............................................

21

CanTaT-3

............................................

74

Alaska United West

............................................

22

Caucasus Cable System

............................................

75

ALBA-1

............................................

23

CB-1

............................................

76

Aletar

............................................

24

C-BUS

............................................

77

Alexandros

............................................

25

Ceiba-2

............................................

78

Alonso De Ojeda

............................................

26

CeltixConnect

............................................

79

Alpal-2

............................................

27

CFX-1

............................................

80

Americas I North

............................................

28

CIOS

............................................

81

Americas I South

............................................

29

CJFS

............................................

82

Americas II

............................................

30

C-Lion 1

............................................

83

Amerigo Vespucci

............................................

31

Columbus II

............................................

84

AMX-1

............................................

32

Columbus III

............................................

85

Antel

............................................

33

Concerto-1

............................................

86

Antilles Crossing

............................................

34

Corfu-Bar

............................................

87

APCN-2

............................................

35

Crosslake Fibre

............................................

88

APG

............................................

36

Curie

............................................

89

Aphrodite 2

............................................

37

Danica North

............................................

92

APNG-2

............................................

38

Danica South

............................................

93

Apollo

............................................

39

Danice

............................................

94

ARBR

............................................

40

DARE

............................................

95

Arcos-1

............................................

41

DDSCN

............................................

96

Arctic Connect

............................................

42

Deep Blue Phase 1

............................................

97

ASC

............................................

43

Denmark-Norway 5

............................................

98

ASE

............................................

44

Denmark-Norway 6

............................................

99

ASH

............................................

45

Denmark-Poland 2

............................................

100

Athena

............................................

46

Didon

............................................

101

ATISA

............................................

47

DMCS

............................................

102

Atlantis-2

............................................

48

EAC-C2C

............................................

103

Atlas Offshore

............................................

49

EASSy

............................................

104

Austral

............................................

50

Eastern Light

............................................

105

Bahamas-2

............................................

51

East-West

............................................

106

Baltica

............................................

52

EAUFON

............................................

107

BAR-SAV

............................................

53

ECFS

............................................

108

Bass Strait 2

............................................

54

ECLink

............................................

109

Basslink

............................................

55

EIG

............................................

110

BBG

............................................

56

EllaLink

............................................

111

BCS East

............................................

57

Endeavour

............................................

112

BCS East-West Interlink

............................................

58

Estepona-Tetouan

............................................

113

BCS North

............................................

59

Estrecho de Magallanes

............................................

114

BDM

............................................

60

Europa

............................................

115

Bharat-Lanka

............................................

61

FA-1 North/South

............................................

116

BICS

............................................

62

Falcon

............................................

117


Far East

............................................

118

Jupiter

............................................

175

Farice-1

............................................

119

KAFOS

............................................

176

Farland

............................................

120

Keltra-2

............................................

177

Faster

............................................

121

Khulna-Chennai

............................................

178

Fehmarn Belt

............................................

122

KJCN

............................................

179

FibraLink

............................................

123

Kodiak Kenai

............................................

180

FLAG Europe-Asia

............................................

124

Kuwait-Iran

............................................

181

Flores-Corvo

............................................

125

LEV

............................................

182

FOG

............................................

126

LION

............................................

183

Galapagos Subsea System

............................................

127

LION-2

............................................

184

GBICS

............................................

128

Liquid Sea

............................................

185

GCN

............................................

129

MAC

............................................

186

Gemini Bermuda

............................................

130

Main One

............................................

187

Georgia-Russia

............................................

131

MAREA

............................................

188

GLO-1

............................................

132

MARS

............................................

189

GlobeNet

............................................

133

Matrix

............................................

190

GO-1

............................................

134

MAYA-1

............................................

191

GOKI

............................................

135

MBDC

............................................

192

Gondwana-1

............................................

136

MCT

............................................

193

Greenland Connect

............................................

137

Med Cable Network

............................................

194

Greenland Connect North

............................................

138

MedNautilus

............................................

195

GTT Express

............................................

139

Melita-1

............................................

196

GTT North/South

............................................

140

MENA

............................................

197

Guantรกnamo Bay Cable

............................................

141

METISS

............................................

198

Guantรกnamo Bay Cable 2

............................................

142

MIC-1

............................................

199

GWEN

............................................

143

Micronesia Cable System

............................................

201

Hannibal

............................................

144

Midgardsormen

............................................

202

Hantru-1

............................................

145

Minerva

............................................

203

HAVFRUE/AEC-2

............................................

146

MKCS

............................................

204

Hawaiki

............................................

147

Monet

............................................

205

Hawk Cable System

............................................

148

NCP

............................................

206

HKA

............................................

149

NCSCS

............................................

207

HK-G

............................................

152

NEPTUNE Canada

............................................

208

Honotua

............................................

153

Norsea Com-1

............................................

209

HSCS

............................................

154

Northstar

............................................

210

Hugo

............................................

155

Orval

............................................

211

i2i

............................................

156

PAC

............................................

212

ICN1

............................................

157

PAN-AM

............................................

213

IFC-1

............................................

158

Pangea

............................................

214

IG-1

............................................

159

Paniolo

............................................

215

I-ME-WE

............................................

160

PC-1

............................................

216

Indigo Central

............................................

161

PCCS

............................................

217

Indigo West

............................................

164

PEACE

............................................

218

IOX

............................................

165

PEC

............................................

219

Italy-Albania

............................................

166

PLCN

............................................

220

Italy-Greece

............................................

167

PPC-1

............................................

221

Italy-Libya

............................................

168

Qatar-UAE

............................................

222

Italy-Monaco

............................................

169

Quintillion Subsea

............................................

223

JaKa2DeLeMa

............................................

170

Quintillion Subsea Phase 2

............................................

224

JAKABARE

............................................

171

Quintillion Subsea Phase 3

............................................

225

Japan-US

............................................

172

RJCN

............................................

226

Jasuka

............................................

173

RNAL

............................................

227

Junior

............................................

174

SABR

............................................

228


SAC

............................................

229

TWA-1

............................................

283

SACS

............................................

230

Ugarit

............................................

284

SAEx

............................................

231

Unisur

............................................

285

SAFE

............................................

232

Unity

............................................

286

SAIL

............................................

233

VMSCS

............................................

287

SAM-1

............................................

234

WACS

............................................

288

SAPL

............................................

235

WARF

............................................

289

SAS-1

............................................

236

Western Visayas-Palawan

............................................

290

SAT-3

............................................

237

..............................................

0

SCAN

............................................

238

..............................................

0

SCF-CN

............................................

239

..............................................

0

Scotland-Orkney-Shetland

............................................

240

..............................................

0

Seabras-1

............................................

241

..............................................

0

Seacom

............................................

242

..............................................

0

SEAK

............................................

243

..............................................

0

SEA-ME-WE 3

............................................

244

..............................................

0

SEA-ME-WE 4

............................................

245

..............................................

0

SEA-ME-WE 5

............................................

246

..............................................

0

SEA-US

............................................

247

..............................................

0

SEAX-1

............................................

248

..............................................

0

SG-SCS

............................................

249

..............................................

0

Shefa 2

............................................

250

..............................................

0

Silphium

............................................

251

..............................................

0

SJC

............................................

253

..............................................

0

SJC2

............................................

254

..............................................

0

SKR1M

............................................

255

..............................................

0

SMPCS

............................................

256

..............................................

0

SMPR-1

............................................

257

..............................................

0

Solas

............................................

258

..............................................

0

Southern Cross Cable Network ............................................

259

..............................................

0

Southern Cross NEXT

............................................

260

..............................................

0

SSCS

............................................

261

..............................................

0

Svalbard

............................................

262

..............................................

0

Sweden-Latvia

............................................

263

..............................................

0

Tangerine

............................................

264

..............................................

0

Tannat

............................................

265

..............................................

0

Tasman Global Access

............................................

266

..............................................

0

TAT 14

............................................

267

..............................................

0

TE North

............................................

268

..............................................

0

TEAMS

............................................

269

..............................................

0

TGN Atlantic

............................................

270

..............................................

0

TGN Eurasia

............................................

271

..............................................

0

TGN Gulf

............................................

272

..............................................

0

TGN Intra-Asia

............................................

273

..............................................

0

TGN Northern Europe

............................................

274

..............................................

0

TGN Pacific

............................................

275

..............................................

0

TGN Western Europe

............................................

276

..............................................

0

TGN-TIC

............................................

277

..............................................

0

TIS

............................................

278

..............................................

0

Tobruk-Emased

............................................

279

..............................................

0

TPE

............................................

280

..............................................

0

TSE-1

............................................

281

..............................................

0

Tui-Samoa

............................................

282

..............................................

0


ADVERTISER INDEX STF Industry Report

............................................

14

OFS

............................................

90

STF Analytics

............................................

150

SubOptic 2019

............................................

162

WFN Strategies

............................................

200

STF Industry Report

............................................

252


AAE-1

Landing Points

ASIA AFRICA EUROPE

• Karachi (Pakistan)

• Aden (Yemen)

• Al Bustan (Oman)

• Bari (Italy)

• Hong Kong (China)

• Chania (Greece)

• Djibouti City (Djibouti)

• Doha (Qatar)

• Abu Talat (Egypt)

• Jeddah (Saudi Arabia)

• Zafarana (Egypt)

• Kuala Kurau (Malaysia)

• Marseille (France)

• Mumbai (India)

• Ngwe Saung (Myanmar)

• Satun (Thailand)

• Sihanoukville (Cambodia)

• Songkhla (Thailand)

• Vung Tau (Vietnam)

• Fujairah (United Arab Emirates)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps) Owners

System Supplier System Installer Region

2017 2042 $800,000,000 25,000 40 5 80 100 China Unicom, CIL, Djibouti Telecom, Etisalat, GT5L, HKT (PCCW Global), Mobily, Omantel, Ooredoo, OTE, PTCL, Reliance Jio, Retelit, Telecom Yemen, TOT, Viettel NEC, TE SubCom TE SubCom EMEA, Indian Ocean Pan-East Asian

Page 9 of 290 pages


AAG

Landing Points

ASIA-AMERICA GATEWAY

• Mersing (Malaysia)

• Keawaula (United States)

• Changi (Singapore)

• Lantau (Hong Kong)

• La Union (Philippines)

• Sri Racha (Thailand)

• Tanguisson (Guam)

• Vung Tau (Vietnam)

• Grover Beach (United States)

• Tungku (Brunei)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps) Owners

System Supplier System Installer

Upgrader

2009 2034 $500,000,000 20,547 2.88 2.88 3 96 100 AT&T Inc., BayanTel, Bharti, BT Global Network Services, CAT Telecom, ETPI, FPT Telecom, Government of Brunei Darussalam, PLDT, PT Indosat, Saigon Postel Corporation, StarHub, Telcotech, Telekom Malaysia, TELKOM Indonesia, Telstra, TM Berhad, TNZL, Viettel, VNPT Mitsubishi Electric Corporation Alcatel Submarine Networks, ASEAN Cableship, Orange Marine, Telekom Malaysia Ciena, Ciena Page 10 of 290 pages


AC-1

Landing Points

ATLANTIC CROSSING 1

• Westerland (Germany)

• Brookhaven (United States)

• Whitesand Bay (United Kingdom)

• Beverwijk (Netherlands)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Owners System Supplier System Installer Upgrader Upgrade Year Upgrade Capacity (Gbps) Region

1999 2024 $875,000,000 13,377 0.04 2 4 Level 3 Communications Tyco Telecommunications SSI Tyco Telecommunications SSI Xtera 2010 20 Transatlantic

Page 11 of 290 pages


AC-2

Landing Points • Widemouth Bay (United Kingdom)

ATLANTIC CROSSING 2 • Bellport (United States)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Owners Upgrader Upgrade Year Upgrade Capacity (Gbps) Region

2000 2025 $700,000,000 6,185 0.32 2.5 Level 3 Communications Infinera 2010 10 Transatlantic

Page 12 of 290 pages


ACE

Landing Points

AFRICA COAST TO EUROPE

• Libreville (Gabon)

• Abidjan (Ivory Coast)

• Banjul (Gambia)

• Bata (Equatorial Guinea)

• Carcavelos (Portugal)

• Conakry (Guinea)

• Cotonou (Benin)

• Dakar (Senegal)

• Duynefontein (South Africa)

• Accra (Ghana)

• Lagos (Nigeria)

• Freetown (Sierra Leone)

• Luanda (Angola)

• Monrovia (Liberia)

• Muanda (Democratic Republic of Congo) • Penmarch (France)

• Nouakchott (Mauritania)

• Suro (Guinea-Bissau)

• Swakopmund (Namibia)

• Tenerife (Canary Islands)

• Kribi (Cameroon)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Design Capacity (Tbps) Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps) Owners

• Santana (São Tomé and Príncipe)

System Supplier System Installer Region

2012 2037 $700,000,000 17,000 12.8 100 Benin Telecoms, Cable Consortium of Liberia, Canalink Africa SL, Côte d’Ivoire Telecom, Dolphin Telecom JLT, Gambia Submarine Cable, Guinéenne de Large Bande, International Mauritania Telecom, MEO, MTN Group, Orange Cameroun, Orange Mali, Orange Niger, Republic of Equatorial Guinea, Republic of Gabon, République of Cameroun, Sierra Leone Cable Company, STP Cabo TE SubCom Orange Marine EMEA Page 13 of 290 pages


Adones

Landing Points

ANGOLA DOMESTIC NETWORK SYSTEM

• Soyo (Angola)

• Cabinda (Angola)

• Luanda (Angola)

• Lucira (Angola)

• Namibe (Angola)

• Porto Amboim (Angola)

• Benguela (Angola)

• Nzeto (Angola)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Owners System Supplier System Installer Region

2009 2034 $35,000,000 1,800 0.03 0.08 Angola Telecom Ericsson Elettra EMEA

Page 15 of 290 pages


ADRIA-1

Landing Points • Durres (Albania) • Corfu (Greece)

ADRIA-1 • Dubrovnik (Croatia)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Owners System Installer Region

2000 2025 $13,400,000 430 0.000622 0.000622 OTE Alcatel Submarine Networks EMEA

Page 16 of 290 pages


AEC-1

Landing Points • Killala (Ireland)

AMERICA EUROPE CONNECT 1 • Shirley (United States)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps) Owners System Supplier Region

2016 2041 $300,000,000 5,536 78 6 130 100 AquaComms TE SubCom Transatlantic

Page 17 of 290 pages


AJC

Landing Points

AUSTRALIA-JAPAN CABLE

• Tanguisson (Guam)

• Oxford Falls (Australia)

• Maruyama (Japan)

• Tumon (Guam)

• Shima (Japan)

• Sydney (Australia)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps) Owners

System Supplier System Installer Upgrader Upgrade Year Upgrade Capacity (Gbps)

2001 2026 $520,000,000 12,224 0.32 25.6 4 64 100 Australia Japan Cable Limited, Communications Global Network Services Limited, KDD, SoftBank Telecom Corp, SOFTBANK Telecom Corp., Telstra Holdings No. 1 Limited, Worldcom Global Networks Limited Ocean Cable Company, Tyco Telecommunications FCR, KDD, Tyco Telecommunications Infinera, Infinera 2012, 2014 40, 40 Page 18 of 290 pages


Akorn

Landing Points • Florence (United States)

AKORN • Anchorage (United States)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Owners System Supplier System Installer Region

2009 2034 $100,000,000 2,968 0.01 0.01 4 Alaska Communications Systems Tyco Telecommunications Tyco Telecommunications Americas

Page 19 of 290 pages


Alasia

Landing Points • Tartus (Syria)

ALASIA • Pentaskhinos (Cyprus)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps) Owners

Region

2012 2037 $15,000,000 350 25.6 8 40 40 Cyprus Telecommunications Authority, Syrian Telecommunications Authority EMEA

Page 20 of 290 pages


Alaska United East

Landing Points

ALASKA UNITED EAST

• Valdez (United States)

• Juneau (United States)

• Harbor Pointe (United States)

• Whittier (United States)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Owners Region

1999 2024 $100,000,000 3,751 0.0025 0.01 2 GCI Americas

Page 21 of 290 pages


Alaska United West

Landing Points • Warrenton (United States) • Whittier (United States)

ALASKA UNITED WEST • Ketchikan (United States)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Owners System Supplier System Installer Region

2004 2029 $30,000,000 2,483 0.01 0.64 4 GCI Tyco Telecommunications SSI Tyco Telecommunications SSI Americas

Page 22 of 290 pages


ALBA-1

Landing Points

ALBA-1

• Siboney (Cuba)

• Santiago De Cuba (Cuba)

• Ocho Rios (Jamaica)

• Camuri (Venezuela)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Owners System Installer

Region

2013 2038 $72,000,000 1,600 0.64 5.12 Telecom Venezeula, Transbit SA Alcatel-Lucent Shanghai Bell, Telecomunicaciones Gran Caribe Americas

Page 23 of 290 pages


Aletar

Landing Points • Tartus (Syria)

ALETAR • Alexandria (Egypt)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Owners

System Installer Region

1997 2022 $23,000,000 733 0.005 0.005 1 Lebanese Ministry of Telecommunications, Syrian Telecom Alcatel Submarine Networks, FCR EMEA

Page 24 of 290 pages


Alexandros

Landing Points • Alexandria (Egypt) • Pentaskhinos (Cyprus)

ALEXANDROS • Marseille (France)

RFS Year EOS Year Length (km) Design Capacity (Tbps) Owners Region

2010 2035 3,500 10 Cyprus Telecommunications Authority EMEA

Page 25 of 290 pages


Alonso De Ojeda

Landing Points • Oranjestad (Aruba)

ALONSO DE OJEDA • Willemstad (Netherlands Antilles)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Owners System Supplier System Installer Region

1999 2024 $8,700,000 128 0.015 0.1 Antelecom NV, Setar IT International Telecom Alcatel Submarine Networks, IT International Telecom Americas

Page 26 of 290 pages


Alpal-2

Landing Points • Ses Covetes (Majorca)

ALPAL-2 • El Djemila (Algeria)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Owners System Supplier System Installer Region

2002 2027 $17,600,000 312 0.01 0.16 4 APT, France Telecom, Telefonica Pirelli Global Marine Systems Limited EMEA

Page 27 of 290 pages


Americas I North

Landing Points • Magen's Bay (Virgin Islands)

AMERICAS I NORTH • Vero Beach (United States)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Owners System Supplier System Installer Upgrader Upgrade Year Upgrade Capacity (Gbps) Region

1994 2019 $220,000,000 2,013 0.12 0.32 AT&T Inc., CANTV, Embratel, TSTT AT&T Submarine System, Inc. AT&T Submarine System, Inc. Xtera 2010 20 Americas

Page 28 of 290 pages


Americas I South

Landing Points

AMERICAS I SOUTH

• Magens Bay (Virgin Islands)

• Camuri (Venezuela)

• Macqueripe (Trinidad)

• Fortaleza (Brazil)

RFS Year EOS Year Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Owners

System Supplier System Installer

Region

1994 2019 6,014 0.00056 0.00056 AARNet, AT&T Inc., Cable & Wireless, CANTV, Embratel, TSTT AT&T Submarine System, Inc. Alcatel Submarine Networks, AT&T Submarine System, Inc., Cable & Wireless Americas

Page 29 of 290 pages


Americas II

Landing Points

AMERICAS II

• Willemstad (Netherlands Antilles)

• St Croix (US Virgin Islands)

• Miramar (Puerto Rico)

• La Lamentin (France)

• Hollywood (United States)

• Fortaleza (Brazil)

• Chaguaramas (Trinidad)

• Cayenne (French Guiana)

• Camuri (Venezuela)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps) Owners

System Supplier

System Installer Region

2000 2025 $350,000,000 8,373 0.08 1.48 12 40 Antelecom NV, AT&T Inc., Brazil Telecom, CANTV, Embratel, France Telecom, GT&T, Sprint, Telecom Italia, Telefonica, Telesur, Telintar, Trescom Int., TSTT, Verizon ASN Australia, Tyco Telecommunications, Tyco Telecommunications SSI Tyco Telecommunications, Tyco Telecommunications SSI Americas

Page 30 of 290 pages


Amerigo Vespucci

Landing Points • Curaçao (Curaçao)

AMERIGO VESPUCCI • Bonaire (Netherlands)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Region

1999 2024 $15,000,000 84 Americas

Page 31 of 290 pages


AMX-1

Landing Points • Hollywood (United States)

• Cancun (Mexico)

• Puerto Plata (Dominican Republic)

• Rio de Janeiro (Brazil)

• Salvador de Bahia (Brazil)

• Fortaleza (Brazil)

• Cartagena (Colombia)

• Barranquilla (Colombia)

• Puerto Barrios (Guatemala)

• San Juan (Puerto Rico)

• Jacksonville (United States)

AMERICA MOVIL SUBMARINE CABLE SYSTEM-1 RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps) Owners Region

2014 2039 $700,000,000 17,800 0.1 50 100 100 America Movil Americas

Page 32 of 290 pages


Antel

Landing Points • Maldonado (Uruguay)

ANTEL • Las Toninas (Argentina)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Owners System Supplier System Installer Region

2010 2035 $15,000,000 250 0.05 3.84 Antel, Telecom Agrentina IT International Telecom IT International Telecom Americas

Page 33 of 290 pages


Antilles Crossing

Landing Points • Bridgetown (Barbados) • Hams Bluff (Virgin Islands)

ANTILLES CROSSING • Port Castries (St Lucia)

RFS Year EOS Year Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Owners

System Supplier System Installer Upgrader Upgrade Year Upgrade Capacity (Gbps) Region

2006 2031 952 0.04 0.16 Antilles Crossing, Barbados Light & Power, Leucadia, Telebarbados Tyco Telecommunications SSI Tyco Telecommunications SSI Ciena 2013 40 Americas

Page 34 of 290 pages


APCN-2

Landing Points

ASIA-PACIFIC CABLE NETWORK 2

• Lantau (Hong Kong)

• Batangas (Philippines)

• Chikura (Japan)

• Chongming (China)

• Katong (Singapore)

• Kuantan (Malaysia)

• Busan (South Korea)

• Shantou (China)

• Tanshui (Taiwan)

• Kitaibaraki (Japan)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps) Owners

System Supplier System Installer Upgrader Upgrade Year Upgrade Capacity (Gbps) Region

2002 2027 $1,100,000,000 19,000 0.16 25.6 4 64 100 China Telecom, Chunghwa Telecom International, CTM, France Telecom, PLDT, Reach NHK, Telekom Malaysia, TM Berhad Ocean Cable Company Global Marine Systems Limited, Telekom Malaysia NEC, NEC 2011, 2014 40, 40 AustralAsia

Page 35 of 290 pages


APG

Landing Points

ASIA PACIFIC GATEWAY

• Maruyama (Japan)

• Chongming (China)

• Da Nang (Vietnam)

• Kuantan (Malaysia)

• Tseung Kwan (Hong Kong)

• Songkhla (Thailand)

• Shima (Japan)

• Nanhui (China)

• Toucheng (Taiwan)

• Tanah Merah (Singapore)

• Busan (South Korea)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Design Capacity (Tbps) Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps) Owners

System Installer Region

2016 2041 $313,000,000 10,400 54 100 China Telecom, China Unicom, Chunghwa Telecom International, Facebook, FPT Corp., PLDT, StarHub, Telekom Malaysia, TIME dotCom, VNPT S.B. Submarine Systems, Telekom Malaysia AustralAsia

Page 36 of 290 pages


Aphrodite 2

Landing Points • Yeroskipos (Cyprus)

APHRODITE 2 • Chania (Greece)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Owners

System Installer Region

1994 2019 $30,000,000 868 0.00112 0.00112 Belgacom, British Telecommunications PLC, Cyprus Telecommunications Authority, France Telecom, OTE, Sprint, Verizon Alcatel Submarine Networks EMEA

Page 37 of 290 pages


APNG-2

Landing Points • Port Moresby (Papua New Guinea)

AUSTRALIA PAPUA NEW GUINEA 2 • Sydney (Australia)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Owners System Installer Region

2006 2031 $11,000,000 3,400 0.00112 0.00112 2 Telikom PNG, Telstra Alcatel Submarine Networks AustralAsia

Page 38 of 290 pages


Apollo

Landing Points

APOLLO

• Lannion (France)

• Brookhaven (United States)

• Manasquan (United States)

• Widemouth (United Kingdom)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps) Owners System Supplier System Installer Upgrader

Upgrade Year Upgrade Capacity (Gbps) Region

2003 2028 $350,000,000 12,700 0.01 64 4 80 100 Alcatel, Apollo SCS Limited, C&W Alcatel Alcatel Submarine Networks Alcatel-Lucent Submarine Networks, Alcatel-Lucent Submarine Networks 2012, 2014 40, 40 Transatlantic

Page 39 of 290 pages


ARBR

PROJECT COMPLETION PHASES Pre-Engineering

Survey

System Manufacture

System Installation

Landing Points • Las Toninas (Argentina)

Commissioning & Acceptance

ARBR • Praia Grande (Brazil)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Owners System Supplier System Installer Region

2018 2043 $20,000,000 2,700 48 48 4 Seabras Group, Werthein Grupo Xtera IT International Telecom Americas

Page 40 of 290 pages


Arcos-1

Landing Points

ARCOS-1

• San Juan (Puerto Rico)

• Puerto Lempira (Honduras)

• Puerto Limon (Costa Rica)

• Puerto Plata (Dominican Republic)

• Punta Cana (Dominican Republic)

• Riohacha (Columbia)

• Punto Fijo (Venezuela)

• Trojillo (Honduras)

• Ustupo (Panama)

• Puerto Cortes (Honduras)

• Willemstad (Netherlands Antilles)

• Cat Island (Bahamas)

• Cancun (Mexico)

• Bluefields (Nicaragua)

• Cartagena (Columbia)

• Crooked Island (Bahamas)

• Hollywood (United States)

• Puerto Cabezas (Nicuragua)

• Ladyville (Belize)

• Maria Chiquita (Panama)

• Nassau (The Bahamas)

• Providenciales (Turks and Caicos

• Puerto Barrios (Guatemala)

Islands) • Tulum (Mexico)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Owners

System Supplier System Installer Upgrader Upgrade Year Upgrade Capacity (Gbps) Region

2001 2026 $250,000,000 8,700 0.08 8.4 12 Alestra, Axtel, BTC, BTL, C&W Networks, CANTV, Codetel, Enitel, Hondutel, ICE, Impsat, Internexa, Orbinet SA, Racsa, Telecarrier, Tricom, Ultracom, UTS, Verizon NSW, Tyco Telecommunications Tyco Telecommunications Xtera, Xtera 2008, 2016 40, 40 Americas

Page 41 of 290 pages


Arctic Connect

PROJECT COMPLETION PHASES Pre-Engineering

Landing Points

System Manufacture

System Installation

Commissioning & Acceptance

ARCTIC CONNECT NORTHEAST PASSAGE

• Beijing (China)

• Emi (Japan)

• Vladivostok (Russia)

• Teriberka (Russia)

• Kirkenes (Norway)

Survey

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps) Owners Region

2021 2046 $500,000,000 10,500 30 6 100 Cinia Group Arctic

Page 42 of 290 pages


ASC

PROJECT COMPLETION PHASES Pre-Engineering

Landing Points • Anyer (Indonesia) • Perth (Australia)

Survey

System Manufacture

System Installation

Commissioning & Acceptance

AUSTRALIA-SINGAPORE CABLE • Tanah Mera (Singapore)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps) Owners

System Supplier System Installer Region

2018 2043 $170,000,000 4,600 40 4 150 100 Australia-Singapore Cable International Limited, Vocus Communications Alcatel Submarine Networks Alcatel Submarine Networks AustralAsia

Page 43 of 290 pages


ASE

Landing Points

ASIA SUBMARINE-CABLE EXPRESS

• Maruyama (Japan)

• Daet (Philippines)

• Tseung Kwan O (Hong Kong)

• Mersing (Malaysia)

• Changi (Singapore)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps) Owners System Supplier System Installer Region

2013 2038 $412,000,000 7,200 15.36 6 128 40 PLDT, StarHub, Telekom Malaysia, TM Berhad Fujitsu S.B. Submarine Systems, Telekom Malaysia AustralAsia

Page 44 of 290 pages


ASH

Landing Points • Keawaula (United States)

AMERICA SAMOA HAWAII • Pago Pago (American Samoa)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Owners Region

2009 2034 $100,000,000 4,680 0.0012 0.0012 2 American Samoa Government, eLandia International AustralAsia

Page 45 of 290 pages


Athena

Landing Points • Pentaskhinos (Cyprus)

ATHENA • Koropi (Greece)

RFS Year EOS Year Length (km) Owners Region

2011 2036 600 Cyprus Telecommunications Authority EMEA

Page 46 of 290 pages


ATISA

Landing Points • Tachognya Beach (Northern Mariana Islands) • Sugar Dock (Saipan)

ATISA • Sasanlagu (Northern Mariana Islands) • Piti (Guam)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Owners System Supplier System Installer Region

2017 2042 $7,000,000 280 7.2 6 DOCOMO Pacific NEC TE SubCom AustralAsia

Page 47 of 290 pages


Atlantis-2

Landing Points

ATLANTIS-2

• Funchal (Portugal)

• Las Toninas (Argentina)

• Conil (Spain)

• Dakar (Senegal)

• El Medano (Spain)

• Rio de Janeiro (Brazil)

• Lisbon (Portugal)

• Praia (Cape Verde)

• Fortaleza (Brazil)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps) Owners

System Supplier System Installer Region

2000 2025 $370,000,000 13,100 0.04 0.16 2 8 40 Cabo Verde Telecom, Embratel, France Telecom, Marconi, Telecom Argentina, Telecom Italia, Telefonica, Telefonica de Argentina, Telintar, Verizon Fujitsu, Pirelli Alcatel Submarine Networks, FCR Transatlantic

Page 48 of 290 pages


Atlas Offshore

Landing Points • Marseille (France)

ATLAS OFFSHORE • Asilah (Morocco)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Owners Region

2007 2032 $31,000,000 1,634 0.04 0.32 Maroc Telecom of Morocco EMEA

Page 49 of 290 pages


Austral

PROJECT COMPLETION PHASES Pre-Engineering

Landing Points • Punta Arenas (Chile)

Survey

System Manufacture

System Installation

Commissioning & Acceptance

FIBRA OPTICA AUSTRAL • Puerto Montt (Chile)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Owners System Supplier Region

2018 2043 $100,000,000 1,800 AUSTRAL University of Magellan, Magellan CPC Huawei Marine Americas

Page 50 of 290 pages


Bahamas-2

Landing Points • Nassau (The Bahamas) • Vero Beach (United States)

BAHAMAS-2 • Eight Mile Rock (Bahamas)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps) Owners System Supplier System Installer Region

1997 2022 $25,000,000 478 0.0025 2.4 40 Balteco, Verizon Tyco Telecommunications SSI Tyco Telecommunications SSI Americas

Page 51 of 290 pages


Baltica

Landing Points

BALTICA

• Ystad (Sweden)

• Kolobrzeg (Poland)

• Gedser (Denmark)

• Dueodde (Bornholm)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Owners Region

1997 2022 $16,000,000 437 0.005 0.005 6 Polish Telecom, TDC, Telecom Finland, Telenor, Teliasonera EMEA

Page 52 of 290 pages


BAR-SAV

Landing Points • Savona (Italy)

BAR-SAV • Barcelona (Spain)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Owners System Installer Region

1996 2021 $39,000,000 760 0.005 0.005 Telecom Italia, Telefonica Alcatel Submarine Networks EMEA

Page 53 of 290 pages


Bass Strait 2

Landing Points • Stanley (Australia)

BASS STRAIT 2 • Inverloch (Australia)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Owners System Installer Region

2003 2028 $17,000,000 240 0.01 1 Telstra Alcatel Submarine Networks AustralAsia

Page 54 of 290 pages


Basslink

Landing Points • McGaurans Beach (Australia)

BASSLINK • Four Mile Bluff (Australia)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Owners

2009 2034 $600,000,000 290 0.64 6 Basslink Telecoms

Page 55 of 290 pages


BBG

Landing Points

BAY OF BENGAL GATEWAY

• Penang (Malaysia)

• Mumbai (India)

• Chennai (India)

• Fujairah (United Arab Emirates)

• Barka (Oman)

• Ratmanlana (Sri Lanka)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps) Owners Region

2016 2041 $250,000,000 8,040 6.4 55 3 100 Bay of Bengal Consortium Indian Ocean Pan-East Asian

Page 56 of 290 pages


BCS East

Landing Points • Sventoji (Lithuania)

BCS EAST • Liepaja (Latvia)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Fiber Pairs Owners System Installer Region

1997 2022 $15,000,000 98 96 Telia Carrier Swedia Networks EMEA

Page 57 of 290 pages


BCS East-West Interlink

Landing Points • Katthammarsvik (Sweden)

BCS EAST-WEST INTERLINK • Sventoji (Lithuania)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Fiber Pairs Owners System Supplier System Installer Region

1997 2022 $20,000,000 218 8 Telia Carrier Ericsson Swedia Networks EMEA

Page 58 of 290 pages


BCS North

Landing Points

BCS NORTH

• Logi (Russia)

• Helsinki (Finland)

• Haraldsholm (Finland)

• Kotka (Finland)

• Mariehamn (Finland)

• Stavsnas (Sweden)

• Hanko (Finland)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Fiber Pairs Owners System Supplier System Installer Region

1997 2028 $30,000,000 793 48 Telia Carrier Ericsson Swedia Networks EMEA

Page 59 of 290 pages


BDM

Landing Points • Melaka (Malaysia) • Batam (Indonesia)

BATAM-DUMAI-MELAKA • Dumai (Indonesia)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps) Owners

System Supplier System Installer Region

2011 2036 $76,000,000 400 0.08 2.56 4 64 10 PT Mora Telematika, PT XL Axiata, Telekom Malaysia, TM Berhad Huawei Marine Telekom Malaysia AustralAsia

Page 60 of 290 pages


Bharat-Lanka

Landing Points • Tuticorine (India)

BHARAT-LANKA • Mount Lavinia (Sri Lanka)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps) Owners Region

2007 2032 $40,000,000 338 0.04 0.96 40 BSNL, Sri Lanka, Sri Lanka Telecom Limited Indian Ocean Pan-East Asian

Page 61 of 290 pages


BICS

Landing Points

BAHAMAS INTERNET CABLE SYSTEM

• Upper Bogue (Bahamas)

• Boca Raton (United States)

• Crown Haven (Bahamas)

• Freeport (Bahamas)

• Marsh Harbour (Bahamas)

• Nassau (The Bahamas)

• Riding Point (Bahamas)

• Sandy Point (Bahamas)

• Rock Sound (Bahamas)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps) Owners Region

2001 2026 $31,000,000 1,000 0.01 12 10 Caribbean Crossing Americas

Page 62 of 290 pages


BIN

Landing Points • Durres (Albania)

BALKANS-ITALY NETWORK • Bari (Italy)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps) Owners Region

2019 2044 $21,700,000 276 0.04 0.04 40 Unifi EMEA

Page 63 of 290 pages


BIOS / Jonah

Landing Points • Bari (Italy)

BIOS/JONAH • Tel Aviv (Israel)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Owners System Installer Region

2011 2036 $15,000,000 2,300 12.8 2 Bezeq International Elettra EMEA

Page 64 of 290 pages


BLAST

Landing Points • Aunu’u Wharf (American Samoa)

• Luma (American Samoa)

• Ofu Harbor (American Samoa)

• Pago Pago (American Samoa)

BROADBAND LINKING THE AMERICAN SAMOA TERRITORY RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Owners System Supplier System Installer Region

2015 2040 $11,000,000 250 ASTCA IT International Telecom IT International Telecom AustralAsia

Page 65 of 290 pages


Boracay-Palawan

Landing Points

BORACAY-PALAWAN

• Taytay (Philippines)

• San Jose (Philippines)

• Coron (Philippines)

• Caticlan (Philippines)

• Boracay (Philippines)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps) Owners System Supplier Region

2013 2038 $20,000,000 332 4.8 12 40 10 Globe Telecom Huawei Marine AustralAsia

Page 66 of 290 pages


Botnia

Landing Points • Umea (Sweden)

BOTNIA • Vaasa (Finland)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Owners System Supplier System Installer Region

1994 2019 $8,500,000 77 0.0012 0.0012 6 Teliasonera NKT AKN EMEA

Page 67 of 290 pages


BRCS

Landing Points • Sungai Rengit (Malaysia)

BATAM-RENGIT CABLE SYSTEM • Batam (Indonesia)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Owners Region

2007 2032 $10,000,000 63 0.01 0.01 Excelcom AustralAsia

Page 68 of 290 pages


BRUSA

PROJECT COMPLETION PHASES Pre-Engineering

Landing Points

Survey

System Manufacture

System Installation

Commissioning & Acceptance

BRAZIL-USA

• Virginia Beach (United States)

• San Juan (Puerto Rico)

• Fortaleza (Brazil)

• Rio de Janeiro (Brazil)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps) Owners System Supplier System Installer Region

2018 2043 $500,000,000 6,800 108 8 135 100 Telxius Alcatel Submarine Networks Alcatel Submarine Networks Americas

Page 69 of 290 pages


BSCS

Landing Points • Changi (Singapore)

BATAM SINGAPORE CABLE SYSTEM • Batam (Indonesia)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Owners System Supplier System Installer Region

2009 2034 $13,100,000 73 0.08 0.08 3 TELKOM Indonesia Ocean Cable Company ASEAN Cableship, Stena Offshore AustralAsia

Page 70 of 290 pages


BSFOCS

Landing Points • Odesa (Ukraine) • Varna (Bulgaria)

BLACK SEA FIBRE OPTIC CABLE SYSTEM • Novorossiysk (Russia)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Owners

System Supplier System Installer

Region

2001 2026 $51,000,000 933 0.0025 0.0025 2 Armentel, BTC, Cyprus Telecommunications Authority, DTAG, HT, OTE, Rostelecom, Telecom Slovenia, Ukrtelecom Tyco Telecommunications SSI Alcatel Submarine Networks, Global Marine Systems Limited, Tyco Telecommunications SSI EMEA

Page 71 of 290 pages


Cadmos

Landing Points • Pentaskhinos (Cyprus)

CADMOS • Beirut (Lebanon)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Owners

System Supplier System Installer Region

1995 2020 $8,000,000 262 0.000622 2 Cyprus Telecommunications Authority, Lebanese Ministry of Telecommunications AT&T Submarine System, Inc. AT&T Submarine System, Inc. EMEA

Page 72 of 290 pages


Canalink

Landing Points

CANALINK

• Tinocas (Spain)

• Tenerife (Spain)

• Rota (Spain)

• Santa Cruz de La Palma (Spain)

• Güimar (Spain)

• El Goro (Spain)

• Asilah (Morocco)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps) Owners System Installer Region

2011 2036 $157,000,000 2,000 5.12 4 128 10 Islalink, IT3 Elettra EMEA

Page 73 of 290 pages


CanTaT-3

Landing Points

CANTAT-3

• Sylt (Germany)

• Blaabjerg (Denmark)

• Redcar (United Kingdom)

• Tjørnuvík (Faroe Islands)

• Vestmannaeyjar (Iceland)

• Pennant Point (Canada)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Owners System Installer

Region

1994 2020 $385,000,000 6,450 0.0075 0.0075 TATA Communications Alcatel Submarine Networks, BT Marine, Orange Marine, TeleDanmark Transatlantic

Page 74 of 290 pages


Caucasus Cable System

Landing Points • Varna (Bulgaria)

CAUCASUS CABLE SYSTEM • Poti (Georgia)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Owners System Supplier System Installer Upgrader Upgrade Year Upgrade Capacity (Gbps) Region

2008 2033 $76,000,000 1,187 9 2 Caucasus Online TE SubCom, Tyco Telecommunications Tyco Telecommunications TE SubCom 2016 100 EMEA

Page 75 of 290 pages


CB-1

Landing Points • Charlestown (United States)

CHALLENGER BERMUDA-1 • Bermuda (Bermuda)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Owners Region

2009 2034 $50,000,000 1,448 0.02 0.32 Cable Company Ltd, Verizon Americas

Page 76 of 290 pages


C-BUS

Landing Points • Magens Bay (British Virgin Islands)

CARIBBEAN-BERMUDA US • Manasquan (United States)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Owners System Supplier System Installer Upgrader Upgrade Year Upgrade Capacity (Gbps) Region

2009 2034 $10,000,000 1,609 1.6 2 LIME IT International Telecom, Tyco Telecommunications SSI IT International Telecom, Tyco Telecommunications SSI Xtera 2016 100 Americas

Page 77 of 290 pages


Ceiba-2

Landing Points • Kribi (Cameroon) • Malabo (Equatorial Guinea)

CEIBA-2 • Bata (Equatorial Guinea)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Design Capacity (Tbps) Owners System Supplier System Installer Region

2017 2042 $15,000,000 290 8 Republic of Equatorial Guinea Huawei Marine Global Marine Systems Limited EMEA

Page 78 of 290 pages


CeltixConnect

Landing Points • Holyhead (United Kingdom)

CELTIXCONNECT • Dublin (Ireland)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Owners System Installer Region

2011 2036 $22,000,000 131 0.96 0.96 72 AquaComms Alcatel Submarine Networks, Global Marine Systems Limited EMEA

Page 79 of 290 pages


CFX-1

Landing Points • Cartagena (Columbia) • Boca Raton (United States)

COLOMBIA-FLORIDA SUBSEA FIBER • Morant Point (Jamaica)

RFS Year EOS Year Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Owners System Supplier System Installer Upgrader Upgrade Year Upgrade Capacity (Gbps) Region

2008 2023 2,439 0.11 12.8 12 C&W Networks TE SubCom, Tyco Telecommunications Tyco Telecommunications TE SubCom 2011 40 Americas

Page 80 of 290 pages


CIOS

Landing Points • Ayia Napa (Cyprus)

CYPRUS-ISRAEL OPTICAL SYSTEM • Nahariya (Israel)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Owners Region

1994 2018 $16,000,000 262 0.000622 1 Bezeq International, Cyprus Telecommunications Authority EMEA

Page 81 of 290 pages


CJFS

Landing Points • Montego Bay (Jamaica)

CAYMAN JAMAICA FIBRE SYSTEM • Half-Moon Bay (Cayman Islands)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Owners Region

1997 2022 $6,500,000 870 0.0025 2.7 LIME Americas

Page 82 of 290 pages


C-Lion 1

Landing Points • Hanko (Finland) • Helsinki (Finland)

C-LION 1 • Rostock-Ribnitz (Germany)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps) Owners Region

2016 2041 $74,000,000 1,172 144 8 300 Cinia Group EMEA

Page 83 of 290 pages


Columbus II

Landing Points

COLOMBUS II

• Magens Bay (Virgin Islands)

• Funchal (Portugal)

• Cancun (Mexico)

• West Palm Beach (United States)

• Sardina (Gran Canaria)

• Palermo (Italy)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Owners System Supplier System Installer Upgrader Upgrade Year Upgrade Capacity (Gbps) Region

1994 2019 $600,000,000 12,165 0.00056 0.0025 Columbus II Consortium AT&T Submarine System, Inc., Pirelli Alcatel Submarine Networks, AT&T Submarine System, Inc. Xtera 2012 100 Transatlantic

Page 84 of 290 pages


Columbus III

Landing Points

COLOMBUS III

• Mazara (Italy)

• Conil (Spain)

• Lisbon (Portugal)

• Ponta Delgada (Azores Islands

• Miami (United States)

Portugal)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Owners System Supplier System Installer Upgrader Upgrade Year Upgrade Capacity (Gbps) Region

1999 2024 $236,000,000 9,833 0.04 0.16 2 Columbus III Consortium Pirelli, Tyco Telecommunications Alcatel Submarine Networks, Tyco Telecommunications Xtera 2012 100 Transatlantic

Page 85 of 290 pages


Concerto-1

Landing Points • Bruges (Belguim) • Thorpeness (United Kingdom)

CONCERTO-1 • Zandvoort (Netherlands)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Owners System Installer Region

1999 2024 $25,000,000 574 0.0025 0.0025 96 Flute Alcatel Submarine Networks EMEA

Page 86 of 290 pages


Corfu-Bar

Landing Points • Bar (Montenegro)

CORFU-BAR • Corfu (Greece)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Owners Region

1998 2023 $19,000,000 320 0.000622 0.000622 3 Crngorski Telecom, OTE EMEA

Page 87 of 290 pages


Crosslake Fibre

PROJECT COMPLETION PHASES Pre-Engineering

Landing Points • Buffalo (United States)

Survey

System Manufacture

System Installation

Commissioning & Acceptance

CROSSLAKE FIBRE-LAKE ONTARIO • Toronto (Canada)

RFS Year EOS Year Length (km) Fiber Pairs Owners System Supplier System Installer Region

2018 2043 58 96 Crosslake Fibre, Inc. Hexatronic Cables & Interconnect Systems AB IT International Telecom Americas

Page 88 of 290 pages


Curie

PROJECT COMPLETION PHASES Pre-Engineering

Survey

System Manufacture

Landing Points • Los Angeles (United States)

System Installation

Commissioning & Acceptance

CURIE • Valparaiso (Chile)

RFS Year EOS Year Length (km) Owners System Supplier Region

2019 2045 8,900 Google TE SubCom Americas

Page 89 of 290 pages


Danica North

Landing Points • Tuborg (Denmark)

DANICA NORTH • Barseback (Sweden)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Owners System Supplier System Installer Upgrader Upgrade Year Upgrade Capacity (Gbps) Region

1998 2023 $10,000,000 25 0.01 0.01 96 Teliasonera Ericsson AKN Ciena 2013 40 EMEA

Page 92 of 290 pages


Danica South

Landing Points • Copenhagen (Denmark)

DANICA SOUTH • Bjarred (Sweden)

RFS Year EOS Year Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Owners System Supplier System Installer Upgrader Upgrade Year Upgrade Capacity (Gbps) Region

1998 2023 20 0.01 0.01 24 Teliasonera Ericsson AKN Ciena 2013 40 EMEA

Page 93 of 290 pages


Danice

Landing Points • Landeyjarsandur (Iceland)

DANICE • Blaabjerg (Denmark)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Owners System Supplier System Installer Upgrader Upgrade Year Upgrade Capacity (Gbps) Region

2008 2033 $76,000,000 2,291 0.1 5.1 4 Farice Ltd. Tyco Telecommunications Tyco Telecommunications Ciena 2013 100 EMEA

Page 94 of 290 pages


DARE

PROJECT COMPLETION PHASES Pre-Engineering

Landing Points

System Manufacture

System Installation

Commissioning & Acceptance

DJIBOUTI-AFRICA REGIONAL EXPRESS

• Mombasa (Kenya)

• Mogadishu (Somalia)

• Djibouti City (Djibouti)

• Bosaso (Somalia)

• Berbera (Somalia)

Survey

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps) Owners

System Supplier Region

2019 2044 $137,500,000 5,400 30 2 150 100 Africa Marine Express, Djibouti Telecom, Golis Telecom, Hormuud Telecom Somalia Inc., Somtel Group, Telesom Company, TeleYemen TE SubCom EMEA

Page 95 of 290 pages


DDSCN

Landing Points • Male (Maldives)

• Colombo (Sri Lanka)

DHIRAAGU-SLT SUBMARINE CABLE NETWORK RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Owners Region

2007 2032 $27,000,000 850 Dhiraagu Indian Ocean Pan-East Asian

Page 96 of 290 pages


Deep Blue Phase 1

PROJECT COMPLETION PHASES Pre-Engineering

Survey

Landing Points

System Installation

Commissioning & Acceptance

DEEP BLUE CABLE PHASE 1

• Boca Raton (United States)

• (Turks and Caicos Islands)

• Arcahaie (Haiti)

• (British Virgin Islands)

• San Juan (Puerto Rico)

• Puerto Plata (Dominican Republic)

• (Tobago)

• (Trinidad)

• Curaçao (Curaçao)

• Barranquilla (Colombia)

• Ocho Rios (Jamaica)

• Balboa (Panama)

• Kingston (Jamaica)

• (Cayman Islands)

• Naples (United States)

System Manufacture

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps) Owners System Supplier System Installer Region

2020 2045 $350,000,000 12,000 6 160 8 100 100 Deep Blue Cable Ltd TE SubCom TE SubCom Americas

Page 97 of 290 pages


Denmark-Norway 5

Landing Points • Hjrorring (Denmark)

DENMARK-NORWAY 5 • Ardendal (Norway)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Owners Region

1992 2017 $9,560,000 123 0.0025 0.002 Norway PTT, TDC EMEA

Page 98 of 290 pages


Denmark-Norway 6

Landing Points • Thisted (Denmark)

DENMARK-NORWAY 6 • Kristiansand (Norway)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Owners Region

1992 2017 $8,950,000 124 0.002 0.0015 Norway PTT, TDC EMEA

Page 99 of 290 pages


Denmark-Poland 2

Landing Points • Mielno (Poland)

DENMARK-POLAND 2 • Gedebak Odde (Denmark)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Owners Region

1991 2016 $4,500,000 110 0.0015 0.0025 Polish Telecom, TDC EMEA

Page 100 of 290 pages


Didon

Landing Points • Kélibia (Tunisia)

DIDON • Mazara (Italy)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Design Capacity (Tbps) Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps) Owners Region

2014 2039 $15,000,000 173 18 100 France Telecom EMEA

Page 101 of 290 pages


DMCS

Landing Points • Melaka (Malaysia)

DUMAI-MELAKA CABLE SYSTEM • Dumai (Indonesia)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Owners System Installer Region

2005 2030 $15,000,000 150 0.02 0.32 PT Telekom, Telekom Malaysia, TM Berhad ASEAN Cableship, Telekom Malaysia AustralAsia

Page 102 of 290 pages


EAC-C2C

Landing Points

EAC-C2C

• Nanhui (China)

• Vung Tau (Vietnam)

• Tseung Kwan O (Hong Kong)

• Tanshui (Taiwan)

• Taean (South Korea)

• Singapore (Singapore)

• Pali (Taiwan)

• Nasugbu (Philippines)

• Ajigaura (Japan)

• Fangshan (Taiwan)

• Chung Hom Kok (Hong Kong)

• Chikura (Japan)

• Changi (Singapore)

• Capepisa (Philippines)

• Shima (Japan)

• Busan (South Korea)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Design Capacity (Tbps) Owners Upgrader Upgrade Year Upgrade Capacity (Gbps) Region

2009 2034 $850,000,000 35,429 30 Telstra Infinera 2013 100 AustralAsia

Page 103 of 290 pages


EASSy

Landing Points • Mogadishu (Somalia)

• Mombasa (Kenya)

• Dar es Salaam (Tanzania)

• (Djibouti)

• Moroni (Comoros)

• Toliara (Madagascar)

• Mtunzini (South Africa)

• Port Sudan (Sudan)

• Maputo (Mozambique)

EASTERN AFRICA SUBMARINE CABLE SYSTEM RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps) Owners

Upgrader Upgrade Year

2010 2035 $247,000,000 9,900 0.03 11.8 2 59 100 Bharti Airtel, Botswana Telecommunications Corporation, British Telecommunications PLC, Comores Telecom, Etisalat, France Telecom, MTN Group, Neotel, Saudi Telecom Company, SPV2, Sudan Telecom Limited, Sudatel, Tanzania Telecommunications Company Limited, WIOCC Alcatel-Lucent Submarine Networks 2014 Page 104 of 290 pages


Eastern Light

PROJECT COMPLETION PHASES Pre-Engineering

Survey

System Manufacture

Landing Points

System Installation

Commissioning & Acceptance

EASTERN LIGHT

• Kotka (Finland)

• Helsinki (Finland)

• Hanko (Finland)

• Stockholm (Sweden)

RFS Year EOS Year Owners System Supplier Region

2018 2043 Eastern Light NSW EMEA

Page 105 of 290 pages


East-West

Landing Points • Tortola (British Virgin Islands) • Morant Point (Jamaica)

EAST-WEST • Santo Domingo (Dominican Republic)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Design Capacity (Tbps) Owners System Installer Upgrader Upgrade Year Upgrade Capacity (Gbps) Region

2011 2036 $35,000,000 1,700 1.6 C&W Networks Orange Marine Xtera 2016 100 Americas

Page 106 of 290 pages


EAUFON

PROJECT COMPLETION PHASES Pre-Engineering

Landing Points • Salluit (Canada)

• Makkovik (Canada)

• Nain (Canada)

• Kangiqsualujjuaq (Canada)

• Kuujjuaq (Canada)

• Tasiujaq (Canada)

• Aupaluk (Canada)

• Kangirsuk (Canada)

• Quaqtaq (Canada)

• Kimmirut (Canada)

• Charlottetown (Canada)

• Raglan (Canada)

• Iqaluit (Canada)

• Cape Dorset (Canada)

• Ivujivik (Canada)

• Akulivik (Canada)

• Puvirnituq (Canada)

• Inukjuak (Canada)

• Sanikiluaq (Canada)

• Umiujaq (Canada)

• Kuujjuarapik (Canada)

• Chisasibi (Canada)

Survey

System Manufacture

System Installation

Commissioning & Acceptance

EASTERN ARCTIC UNDERSEA FIBER OPTIC NETWORK RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps) Owners Region

2020 2045 $250,000,000 6,900 30 6 100 100 Kativik Regional Government Arctic

• Kangiqsujuaq (Canada)

Page 107 of 290 pages


ECFS

Landing Points

EAST CARIBBEAN FIBER SYSTEM

• Dickenson Bay (Antigua)

• Anguilla (Anguilla)

• Baliff (Guadeloupe)

• Basseterre (St. Kitts & Nevis)

• Canefield (Dominica)

• Kingstown (St. Vincent)

• Martinique (Martinique)

• Montserrat (Montserrat)

• Port Salines (Grenada)

• St. Lucia (St. Lucia)

• St Martin (Netherlands Antilles)

• Tortola (British Virgin Islands)

• Macqueripe (Trinidad)

• Bridgetown (Barbados)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Owners

System Installer Upgrader Upgrade Year Upgrade Capacity (Gbps) Region

1995 2020 $56,000,000 1,875 0.0025 4.6 6 BET, C&W, C&W Networks, Cable & Wireless, France Telecom, TSTT Alcatel Submarine Networks, Cable & Wireless Xtera, Xtera, Xtera 2009, 2013, 2016 10, 10, 10 Americas

Page 108 of 290 pages


ECLink

Landing Points • Trinidad (Trinidad)

ECLINK • Curaçao (Curaçao)

RFS Year EOS Year Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Owners

System Supplier System Installer Upgrader Upgrade Year Upgrade Capacity (Gbps) Region

2007 2032 1,240 1.875 7.2 12 60 Alcatel, C&W Networks, Columbus Networks, New World Network Alcatel, TE SubCom, Tyco Telecommunications SSI Tyco Telecommunications SSI TE SubCom 2016 100 Americas

Page 109 of 290 pages


EIG

Landing Points

EUROPE INDIA GATEWAY

• Gibraltar (Gibraltar)

• Abu Talat (Egypt)

• Bude (United Kingdom)

• Fujairah (United Arab Emirates)

• Jeddah (Saudi Arabia)

• Monaco (Monaco)

• Mumbai (India)

• Muscat (Oman)

• Zafarana (Egypt)

• Sesimbra (Portugal)

• Tripoli (Libya)

• (Djibouti)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps) Owners

System Supplier System Installer Upgrader Upgrade Year Upgrade Capacity (Gbps) Region

2011 2036 $700,000,000 15,000 3.84 3.84 100 Bharti Airtel, British Telecommunications PLC, BSNL, C&W, Djibouti Telecom, Du, Gibtelecom, Libyan Post, Telecom and Information Technology Company, MTN Group, Omantel, Saudi Telecom Company, Telekom SA, Verizon Tyco Telecommunications Tyco Telecommunications Ciena 2014 100 Indian Ocean Pan-East Asian

Page 110 of 290 pages


EllaLink

PROJECT COMPLETION PHASES Pre-Engineering

Landing Points

Survey

System Manufacture

System Installation

Commissioning & Acceptance

ELLALINK

• Tenerife (Spain)

• Sines (Portugal)

• Santos (Brazil)

• Praia (Cape Verde)

• Funchal (Portugal)

• Fortaleza (Brazil)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps) Owners Region

2020 2045 $175,000,000 10,119 50 72 4 100 100 Islalink, Telebras Transatlantic

Page 111 of 290 pages


Endeavour

Landing Points • Sydney (Australia)

ENDEAVOUR • Keawaula (United States)

RFS Year EOS Year Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Owners System Supplier System Installer Upgrader Upgrade Year Upgrade Capacity (Gbps) Region

2008 2033 9,125 0.08 1.28 2 Telstra Alcatel-Lucent Submarine Networks Alcatel-Lucent Submarine Networks Infinera 2014 100 AustralAsia

Page 112 of 290 pages


Estepona-Tetouan

Landing Points • Tetouan (Morocco)

ESTEPONA-TETOUAN • Estepona (Spain)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Owners System Supplier System Installer Region

1994 2019 $10,000,000 113 0.0037 0.0037 Telefonica STF Submarine Systems FCR EMEA

Page 113 of 290 pages


Estrecho de Magallanes

Landing Points • Espiritu Santo (Argentina)

ESTRECHO DE MAGALLANES • Punta Dungeness (Argentina)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps) Owners System Supplier Region

2012 2037 $5,000,000 37 1.8 18 1 100 AR-SAT Boskalis Americas

Page 114 of 290 pages


Europa

Landing Points • Tripoli (Lebanon)

EUROPA • Pentaskhinos (Cyprus)

RFS Year EOS Year Fiber Pairs Owners

Region

2013 2038 8 Cyprus Telecommunications Authority, Lebanese Ministry of Telecommunications EMEA

Page 115 of 290 pages


FA-1 North/South

Landing Points

FLAG ATLANTIC 1 NORTH/SOUTH

• Porthcurno (United Kingdom)

• Island Park (United States)

• Northport (United States)

• Plerin (France)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Owners System Installer Upgrader Upgrade Year Upgrade Capacity (Gbps) Region

2001 2026 $900,000,000 12,820 4.68 24 6 Global Cloud Xchange Alcatel Submarine Networks Infinera, Ciena, Infinera, Ciena, Infinera, Ciena 2010, 2011, 2013 10, 100, 40 Transatlantic

Page 116 of 290 pages


Falcon

Landing Points

FALCON

• Doha (Qatar)

• Al Hudaydah (Yemen)

• Al Khobar (Saudi Arabia)

• Al Safat (Kuwait)

• Al Seeb (Oman)

• Al-Faw (Iraq)

• Al Ghaydah (Yemen)

• Chabahar (Iran)

• Suez (Egypt)

• Dubai (UAE)

• Jeddah (Saudi Arabia)

• Khasab (Oman)

• Manama (Bahrain)

• Mumbai (India)

• Port Sudan (Sudan)

• Bandar Abbas (Iran)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Owners System Installer Upgrader Region

2006 2031 $900,000,000 12,181 0.09 2.56 8 Global Cloud Xchange Alcatel Submarine Networks Infinera Indian Ocean Pan-East Asian

Page 117 of 290 pages


Far East

Landing Points • Okha (Russia) • Magadan (Russia)

FAR EAST • Mys Levashova (Russia)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps) Owners System Supplier System Installer Region

2015 2040 $50,000,000 1,844 1.6 2 8 100 Rostelecom Huawei Marine Global Marine Systems Limited AustralAsia

Page 118 of 290 pages


Farice-1

Landing Points • Dunnet Bay (Scotland) • Seyðisfjörður (Iceland)

FARICE-1 • Funningsfjørður (Faroe Islands)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Owners System Supplier Upgrader Upgrade Year Upgrade Capacity (Gbps) Region

2004 2029 $25,000,000 1,395 0.02 0.02 Farice Ltd., Iceland Telecom Ltd. Pirelli Ciena 2013 100 EMEA

Page 119 of 290 pages


Farland

Landing Points • Domburg (Netherlands)

FARLAND • Aldeburgh (United Kingdom)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Owners System Supplier System Installer Region

1994 2019 $10,000,000 149 0.018 0.018 British Telecommunications PLC AT&T Submarine System, Inc. AT&T Submarine System, Inc. EMEA

Page 120 of 290 pages


Faster

Landing Points

FASTER

• Tanshui (Taiwan)

• Shima (Japan)

• Chikura (Japan)

• Bandon (United States)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps) Owners

System Supplier System Installer Region

2016 2041 $350,000,000 9,000 28 60 6 100 100 China Mobile International, China Telecom Global, Global Transit, Google, Singtel NEC Orange Marine Transpacific

Page 121 of 290 pages


Fehmarn Belt

Landing Points • Rödbyhavn (Denmark)

FEHMARN BELT • Puttgarden (Germany)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Owners System Supplier System Installer Region

2000 2025 $10,000,000 20 0.0025 0.0025 Teliasonera Ericsson, Nexans Nexans EMEA

Page 122 of 290 pages


FibraLink

Landing Points • Puerto Plata (Dominican Republic) • Bull Bay (Jamaica)

FIBRALINK • Kaliko (Haiti)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Owners System Supplier System Installer Region

2006 2031 $30,000,000 2,438 0.04 7.2 3 Alcatel, C&W Networks, Columbus Networks Alcatel, IT International Telecom IT International Telecom Americas

Page 123 of 290 pages


FLAG Europe-Asia

Landing Points

FLAG EUROPE-ASIA

• Ninomiya (Japan)

• Aqaba (Jordan)

• Estepona (Spain)

• Fujairah (UAE)

• Jeddah (Saudi Arabia)

• Keoje (South Korea)

• Lantau (Hong Kong)

• Alexandria (Egypt)

• Mumbai (India)

• Suez (Egypt)

• Palermo (Italy)

• Penang (Malaysia)

• Porthcurno (United Kingdom)

• Satun (Thailand)

• Shanghai (China)

• Songkhla (Thailand)

• Miura (Japan)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Owners Upgrader Upgrade Year Upgrade Capacity (Gbps) Region

1997 2022 $720,000,000 27,433 0.01 0.5 2 Global Cloud Xchange Ciena 2012 100 Indian Ocean Pan-East Asian; EMEA

Page 124 of 290 pages


Flores-Corvo

Landing Points

FLORES-CORVO

• Corvo (Azores)

• Graciosa (Azores)

• Faial (Azores)

• Flores (Azores)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps) Owners System Supplier System Installer Region

2014 2039 $20,000,000 685 0.96 6 16 10 Viatel Huawei Marine, Nexans Nexans EMEA

Page 125 of 290 pages


FOG

Landing Points

FIBER OPTIC GULF

• Manama (Bahrain)

• Kuwait City (Kuwait)

• Dubai (United Arab Emirats)

• Doha (Qatar)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Owners

System Supplier Region

1998 2023 $80,000,000 1,286 0.02 0.02 4 Bahrain Telephone Co., Kuwait Ministry of Communications, Qatar Telecommunication Company, UAE Telecommunications Company Fujitsu EMEA

Page 126 of 290 pages


Galapagos Subsea System

Landing Points • Puerto Baquerizo Moreno (Ecuador)

ECUADOR - GALAPAGOS ISLANDS • Manta (Ecuador)

RFS Year EOS Year Length (km) Owners Region

2020 2045 1,000 CNT EP Americas

Page 127 of 290 pages


GBICS

Landing Points • Mumbai (India)

• Kuwait City (Kuwait)

• Fujairah (UAE)

• Bushehr (Iran)

• Al-Faw (Iraq)

• Al Seeb (Oman)

• Al Khobar (Saudi Arabia)

• Al Hidd (Bahrain)

• Al Daayen (Qatar)

GULF BRIDGE INTERNATIONAL CABLE SYSTEM RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps) Owners System Supplier Upgrader Upgrade Year Upgrade Capacity (Gbps) Region

2011 2036 $445,000,000 4,719 51.2 4 128 100 Gulf Bridge International, Inc. TE SubCom Xtera 2012 100 EMEA

Page 128 of 290 pages


GCN

Landing Points

GLOBAL CARIBBEAN NETWORK

• St Martin (Guadeloupe)

• St Barthelemy (Guadeloupe)

• Jarry (Guadeloupe)

• Baliff (Guadeloupe)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Owners System Installer Upgrader Upgrade Year Upgrade Capacity (Gbps) Region

2007 2032 $17,520,000 1,926 1.2 5 Global Carribean Network Alcatel Submarine Networks Ciena 2013 40 Americas

Page 129 of 290 pages


Gemini Bermuda

Landing Points • (Bermuda)

GEMINI BERMUDA • Manasquan (United States)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Design Capacity (Tbps) Owners System Installer Upgrader Upgrade Year Upgrade Capacity (Gbps) Region

2007 2032 $40,000,000 1,500 1.6 C&W, Verizon Orange Marine Xtera 2016 100 Americas

Page 130 of 290 pages


Georgia-Russia

Landing Points • Novorossiysk (Russia) • Poti (Georgia)

GEORGIA-RUSSIA • Sochi (Russia)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Owners Region

2000 2025 $20,000,000 280 0.0025 0.0025 4 DanTelco, FOPTNET, Rostelecom EMEA

Page 131 of 290 pages


GLO-1

Landing Points

GLOBACOM-1

• Accra (Ghana)

• Vigo (Spain)

• Sesimbra (Portugal)

• Nouakchott (Mauritania)

• Lagos (Nigeria)

• Dakar (Senegal)

• Casablanca (Morocco)

• Bude (United Kingdom)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Owners System Supplier System Installer Region

2010 2035 $260,000,000 8,717 0.64 2.5 2 Globalcom Ltd. IT International Telecom Alcatel Submarine Networks, IT International Telecom EMEA

Page 132 of 290 pages


GlobeNet

Landing Points

GLOBENET

• Tuckerton (United States)

• St. Davd's (Bermuda)

• Rio de Janeiro (Brazil)

• Maiquetia (Venezuela)

• Fortaleza (Brazil)

• Boca Raton (United States)

• Barranquilla (Colombia)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps) Owners System Supplier Upgrader Upgrade Year Upgrade Capacity (Gbps) Region

2001 2026 $610,000,000 22,690 0.04 4.6 4 100 Globenet TE SubCom Xtera, Xtera 2010, 2016 100, 100 Americas

Page 133 of 290 pages


GO-1

Landing Points

GO-1

• St Paul's Bay (Malta)

• St George's Bay (Malta)

• Mazara (Italy)

• Catania (Sicily)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Owners System Installer Region

1995 2020 $10,000,000 290 0.02 0.02 GO Elettra EMEA

Page 134 of 290 pages


GOKI

Landing Points

GOKI

• Tumon (Guam)

• Okinawa (Japan)

• Kitakyushu (Japan)

• Incheon (Korea)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Design Capacity (Tbps) System Installer Region

2013 2038 $120,000,000 4,200 0.08 Kokusai Cable Ship AustralAsia

Page 135 of 290 pages


Gondwana-1

Landing Points

GONDWANA-1

• Noum'ea (New Caledonia)

• Mouli Island (New Caledonia)

• Poindimie (New Caledonia)

• Sydney (Australia)

• Lifou (New Caledonia)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Owners

System Installer Region

2008 2033 $57,500,000 2,152 0.64 0.64 OPT - Nouvelle Caledonie, Post and Telecommunications Office of New Caledonia Alcatel Submarine Networks AustralAsia

Page 136 of 290 pages


Greenland Connect

Landing Points

GREENLAND CONNECT

• Nuuk (Greenland)

• Milton (Canada)

• Landeyjarsandur (Iceland)

• Qaqortoq (Greenland)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps) Owners System Installer Upgrader Upgrade Year Upgrade Capacity (Gbps) Region

2009 2034 $126,000,000 4,733 0.02 2.56 2 62 100 Tele Greenland Elettra Huawei Marine 2017 100 Americas

Page 137 of 290 pages


Greenland Connect North

Landing Points

GREENLAND CONNECT NORTH

• Nuuk (Greenland)

• Maniitsoq (Greenland)

• Sisimiut (Greenland)

• Aasiaat (Greenland)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Design Capacity (Tbps) Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps) Owners System Supplier System Installer Region

2017 2042 $80,000,000 680 4.8 100 Tele Greenland Alcatel Submarine Networks Alcatel Submarine Networks EMEA

Page 138 of 290 pages


GTT Express

Landing Points • Cork (Ireland) • Halifax (Canada)

GTT EXPRESS • London (United Kingdom)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps) Owners System Supplier Region

2015 2040 $120,000,000 4,600 53 6 100 100 GTT Communications TE SubCom Transatlantic

Page 139 of 290 pages


GTT North/South

Landing Points

GTT NORTH/SOUTH

• (Southport United Kingdom)

• Coleraine (Ireland)

• Dublin (Ireland)

• Lynn (United States)

• Herring Cove (Canada)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps) Owners System Supplier System Installer Upgrader Upgrade Year Upgrade Capacity (Gbps) Region

2001 2026 $320,000,000 12,111 10.16 25 4 48 100 GTT Communications Huawei Marine, Tyco Telecommunications SSI FCR, Tyco Telecommunications SSI Huawei Marine 2011 100 Transatlantic

Page 140 of 290 pages


Guantánamo Bay Cable

Landing Points • Guantánamo Bay (Cuba)

GUANTÁNAMO BAY CABLE • Miami (United States)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps) Owners System Supplier System Installer Region

2016 2041 $31,000,000 1,500 100 US Government IT International Telecom, NSW, Xtera IT International Telecom Americas

Page 141 of 290 pages


Guantánamo Bay Cable 2

PROJECT COMPLETION PHASES Pre-Engineering

Landing Points • Guantánamo Bay (Cuba)

Survey

System Manufacture

System Installation

Commissioning & Acceptance

GUANTÁNAMO BAY CABLE 2 • San Juan (Puerto Rico)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Owners System Supplier Region

2018 2043 $30,000,000 1,200 US Government Xtera Americas

Page 142 of 290 pages


GWEN

Landing Points • Corfu (Greece)

GREECE TO WESTERN EUROPE NETWORK • Bari (Italy)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Fiber Pairs Owners Region

2004 2029 $20,000,000 647 4 OTE EMEA

Page 143 of 290 pages


Hannibal

Landing Points • Mazara (Italy)

HANNIBAL • Kélibia (Tunisia)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps) Owners System Supplier System Installer Region

2009 2034 $10,000,000 180 9.6 3 80 40 Tunisie Telecom Huawei Marine Global Marine Systems Limited EMEA

Page 144 of 290 pages


Hantru-1

Landing Points

HANTRU-1

• Pohnpei (Micronesia)

• Piti (Guam)

• Majuro (Marshall Islands)

• Kwajalein (Marshall Islands)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Owners

System Supplier Region

2010 2035 $130,000,000 2,908 Federated States of Micronesia Telecommunications Authority, Hannon Armstrong TE SubCom AustralAsia

Page 145 of 290 pages


HAVFRUE/AEC-2

PROJECT COMPLETION PHASES Pre-Engineering

Survey

System Manufacture

Landing Points

System Installation

Commissioning & Acceptance

HAVFRUE/AEC-2

• Kristiansand (Norway)

• Leckanvy (Ireland)

• Wall (United States)

• Blaabjerg (Denmark)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Design Capacity (Tbps) Owners System Supplier System Installer Region

2019 2044 $200,000,000 8,179 108 AquaComms, Bulk Infrastructure AS, Facebook TE SubCom TE SubCom Transatlantic

Page 146 of 290 pages


Hawaiki

PROJECT COMPLETION PHASES Pre-Engineering

Landing Points

System Manufacture

System Installation

Commissioning & Acceptance

HAWAIKI

• Sydney (Australia)

• Pago Pago (American Samoa)

• Pacific City (United States)

• Mangawhai (New Zealand)

• Kapolei (United States)

Survey

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps) Owners System Supplier System Installer Region

2018 2043 $350,000,000 15,000 5 43.8 4 106 100 Hawaiki Submarine Cable TE SubCom TE SubCom AustralAsia; Transpacific

Page 147 of 290 pages


Hawk Cable System

Landing Points • Marseille (France) • Alexandria (Egypt)

HAWK CABLE SYSTEM • Yeroskipos (Cyprus)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps) Owners System Supplier System Installer Region

2011 2035 $250,000,000 3,181 2.72 2.72 4 68 10 Global Cloud Xchange Fujitsu Elettra, Orange Marine EMEA

Page 148 of 290 pages


HKA

PROJECT COMPLETION PHASES Pre-Engineering

Landing Points • Hermosa Beach (United States)

Survey

System Manufacture

System Installation

Commissioning & Acceptance

HONG KONG - AMERICA • Hong Kong (Hong Kong)

RFS Year EOS Year Length (km) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Owners

System Supplier System Installer

2020 2045 13,000 80 6 100 China Telecom, China Unicom, Facebook, TATA Communications, Telstra Alcatel Submarine Networks Alcatel Submarine Networks

Page 149 of 290 pages


HK-G

PROJECT COMPLETION PHASES Pre-Engineering

Landing Points • Tseung Kwan O (Hong Kong)

Survey

System Manufacture

System Installation

Commissioning & Acceptance

HONG KONG-GUAM • Piti (Guam)

RFS Year EOS Year Length (km) Design Capacity (Tbps) Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps) Owners Region

2020 2045 3,900 48 100 Google, RTI Connectivity AustralAsia

Page 152 of 290 pages


Honotua

Landing Points

HONOTUA

• Spencer Beach (United Stats)

• Huahine (French Polynesia)

• Papenoo (French Polynesia)

• Vaitape (French Polynesia)

• Uturoa (French Polynesia)

• Moorea (French Polynesia)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Owners Region

2009 2034 $122,000,000 4,634 0.64 0.64 OPT French Polynesia AustralAsia

Page 153 of 290 pages


HSCS

Landing Points • Nevelsk (Russia)

HOKKAIDO-SAKHALIN CABLE SYSTEM • Ishikari (Japan)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Design Capacity (Tbps) Owners System Installer Region

2008 2033 $20,000,000 559 0.64 KDD, TTK KDD AustralAsia

Page 154 of 290 pages


Hugo

Landing Points • Porthcurno (United Kingdom) • Guernsey (Guernsey)

HUGO • Lannion (France)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Owners System Installer Region

2006 2031 $11,960,000 426 3.3 3.3 C&W Alcatel Submarine Networks, Tyco Telecommunications SSI EMEA

Page 155 of 290 pages


i2i

Landing Points • Tuas (Singapore)

I2I CABLE NETWORK • Chennai (India)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps) Owners Upgrader Upgrade Year Upgrade Capacity (Gbps) Region

2002 2027 $90,000,000 3,100 0.16 84 8 105 100 Bharti Airtel Ciena 2014 100 Indian Ocean Pan-East Asian

Page 156 of 290 pages


ICN1

Landing Points • Port Vila (Vanuatu)

INTERCHANGE I • Suva (Fiji)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Owners System Supplier Region

2014 2039 $32,000,000 1,259 0.02 0.32 Interchange Limited TE SubCom AustralAsia

Page 157 of 290 pages


IFC-1

PROJECT COMPLETION PHASES Pre-Engineering

Survey

System Manufacture

System Installation

Landing Points • Lannion (France)

Commissioning & Acceptance

IFC-1 • Cork (Ireland)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Owners Region

2019 2044 $15,000,000 492 120 6 Ireland-France Subsea Cable EMEA

Page 158 of 290 pages


IG-1

Landing Points • Aethos (Greece)

ITALY GREECE-1 • Otranto (Italy)

RFS Year EOS Year Length (km) Fiber Pairs Region

2002 2027 172 24 EMEA

Page 159 of 290 pages


I-ME-WE

Landing Points

INDIA-MIDDLE EAST-WESTERN EUROPE

• Karachi (Pakistan)

• Catania (Italy)

• Fujairah (United Arab Emirates)

• Jeddah (Saudi Arabia)

• Mumbai (India)

• Suez (Egypt)

• Tripoli (Lebanon)

• Alexandria (Egypt)

• Marseille (France)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Owners

System Supplier System Installer Upgrade Year Upgrade Capacity (Gbps) Region

2010 2035 $320,000,000 13,000 0.52 5.6 3 128 Bharti Airtel, Etisalat, France Telecom, Ogero, PTCL, STC, TATA Communications Mitsubishi Electric Corporation S.B. Submarine Systems 2012, 2014 40, 40 EMEA

Page 160 of 290 pages


Indigo Central

PROJECT COMPLETION PHASES Pre-Engineering

Landing Points • Perth (Australia)

Survey

System Manufacture

System Installation

Commissioning & Acceptance

INDIGO CENTRAL • Sydney (Australia)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps) Owners System Supplier Region

2019 2044 $150,000,000 4,850 36 2 80 100 Google, SubPartners TE SubCom AustralAsia

Page 161 of 290 pages


Indigo West

PROJECT COMPLETION PHASES Pre-Engineering

Survey

System Manufacture

Landing Points • Tuas (Singapore) • Jakarta (Indonesia)

System Installation

Commissioning & Acceptance

INDIGO WEST • Perth (Australia)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Owners System Supplier System Installer Region

2019 2043 $225,000,000 4,600 36 2 AARNet, Google, Indosat Ooredoo, Telstra Alcatel Submarine Networks Alcatel Submarine Networks AustralAsia

Page 164 of 290 pages


IOX

PROJECT COMPLETION PHASES Pre-Engineering

Landing Points

System Manufacture

System Installation

Commissioning & Acceptance

INDIAN OCEAN XCHANGE

• Creve Couer (Rodrigues)

• Sainte Pierre (LA Reunion)

• Puducherry (India)

• La Cambuse (Mauritius)

• East London (South Africa)

Survey

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps) Owners System Supplier System Installer Region

2019 2044 $220,000,000 8,850 54 54 4 130 100 IOX Cable Ltd Alcatel Submarine Networks Alcatel Submarine Networks Indian Ocean Pan-East Asian

Page 165 of 290 pages


Italy-Albania

Landing Points • Durres (Albania)

ITALY-ALBANIA • Bari (Italy)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Region

1998 2023 $10,000,000 236 0.0025 0.0025 1 EMEA

Page 166 of 290 pages


Italy-Greece

Landing Points • Otranto (Italy)

ITALY-GREECE • Otranto (Greece)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Owners Region

1995 2020 $10,000,000 161 0.00169 0.00169 4 Telecom Italia EMEA

Page 167 of 290 pages


Italy-Libya

Landing Points • Tripoli (Libya)

ITALY-LIBYA • Mazara (Italy)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Owners Upgrade Year Upgrade Capacity (Gbps) Region

2000 2025 $10,000,000 570 0.0025 0.12 2 Telecom Italia 2011 40 EMEA

Page 168 of 290 pages


Italy-Monaco

Landing Points • Savona (Italy)

ITALY-MONACO • Monaco (Monaco)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Owners Region

1995 2020 $10,000,000 162 0.000565 0.000565 1 Telecom Italia EMEA

Page 169 of 290 pages


JaKa2DeLeMa

Landing Points

JAKA2DELEMA

• Bandjermasin (Indonesia)

• Sangata (Indonesia)

• Pontianak (Indonesia)

• Pangkalanbun (Indonesia)

• Mataram (Indonesia)

• Ketapang (Indonesia)

• Jember (Indonesia)

• Benculuk (Indonesia)

• Toweli (Indonesia)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps) Owners System Supplier System Installer Upgrader Upgrade Year Upgrade Capacity (Gbps) Region

2010 2035 $116,000,000 1,800 0.96 9.6 3 32 100 PT Telekom Fujitsu, NSW Orange Marine Fujitsu 2013 100 AustralAsia

Page 170 of 290 pages


JAKABARE

Landing Points

JAKABARE

• Jakarta (Indonesia)

• Batam (Indonesia)

• Pontianak (Indonesia)

• Tuas (Singapore)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Owners System Installer Region

2009 2034 $40,000,000 1,330 0.16 1.28 Indosat ASEAN Cableship, Orange Marine AustralAsia

Page 171 of 290 pages


Japan-US

Landing Points

JAPAN-US

• Shima (Japan)

• Point Arena (United States)

• Morro Bay (United States)

• Maruyama (Japan)

• Makaha (United States)

• Kitaibaraki (Japan)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps) Owners

System Supplier System Installer Upgrader Upgrade Year Upgrade Capacity (Gbps) Region

2001 2026 $590,000,000 21,880 0.64 6.4 4 16 100 Japan Telecom, MCIWorldCom, NTT Worldwide Network Fujitsu, Ocean Cable Company Alcatel Submarine Networks, Global Marine Systems Limited Ciena 2012 100 Transpacific

Page 172 of 290 pages


Jasuka

Landing Points

JASUKA

• Tanjung Pandan (Indonesia)

• Batam (Indonesia)

• Jakarta (Indonesia)

• Pontianak (Indonesia)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Owners Upgrader Upgrade Year Upgrade Capacity (Gbps) Region

2006 2031 $280,000,000 354 0.02 0.32 PT Telekom Nokia Siemens Networks 2011 40 AustralAsia

Page 173 of 290 pages


Junior

Landing Points • Santos (Brazil)

JUNIOR • Rio de Janeiro (Brazil)

RFS Year EOS Year Length (km) Fiber Pairs Owners System Supplier System Installer Region

2017 2042 390 8 Google Nexans, PadTec Elettra Americas

Page 174 of 290 pages


Jupiter

PROJECT COMPLETION PHASES Pre-Engineering

Survey

System Manufacture

System Installation

Landing Points

Commissioning & Acceptance

JUPITER

• Hermosa Beach (United States)

• Daet (Philippines)

• Maruyama (Japan)

• Shima (Japan)

RFS Year EOS Year Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps) Owners

System Supplier System Installer Region

2020 2045 14,000 60 60 400 Amazon, Facebook, NTT Communications Corporation, PCCW Global, PLDT, Softbank Mobile Corp TE SubCom TE SubCom Transpacific

Page 175 of 290 pages


KAFOS

Landing Points • Varna (Bulgaria) • Istanbul (Turkey)

KARADENIZ FIBER OPTIK SISTEMI • Mangalia (Romania)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Owners System Installer Region

1997 2022 $20,000,000 4,640 0.0012 0.0012 BTC, Turk Telecom Alcatel Submarine Networks, FCR EMEA

Page 176 of 290 pages


Keltra-2

Landing Points • Trapini (Italy)

KELTRA-2 • Kélibia (Tunisia)

RFS Year EOS Year Length (km) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Owners Region

2007 2032 209 0.02 6 Telecom Italia, Tunisie Telecom EMEA

Page 177 of 290 pages


Khulna-Chennai

Landing Points • Chennai (India)

KHULNA-CHENNAI • Khulna (Bangladesh)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Owners Region

2010 2035 $48,000,000 115 Bangladesh Submarine Cable Company Indian Ocean Pan-East Asian

Page 178 of 290 pages


KJCN

Landing Points • Kitakyushu (Japan) • Busan (South Korea)

KOREA-JAPAN CABLE NETWORK • Fukuoka (Japan)

RFS Year EOS Year Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps) Owners System Supplier Upgrader Upgrade Year Upgrade Capacity (Gbps) Region

2002 2027 500 2.88 28.8 12 24 100 KEPCO, SoftBank Telecom Corp Fujitsu Ciena 2015 100 AustralAsia

Page 179 of 290 pages


Kodiak Kenai

Landing Points

KODIAK KENAI

• Seward (United States)

• Narrow Cape (United States)

• Kodiak (United States)

• Kenai (United States)

• Homer (United States)

• Anchorage (United States)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Owners Upgrader Upgrade Year Upgrade Capacity (Gbps) Region

2006 2031 $30,000,000 971 0.0025 0.01 4 Kodiak Kenai Cable Company Infinera 2010 10 Americas

Page 180 of 290 pages


Kuwait-Iran

Landing Points • Soroosh (Iran) • Kharg (Iran)

KUWAIT-IRAN • Failaka (Kuwait)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Owners

Region

2006 2031 $20,000,000 334 0.0025 0.0025 6 Iran Ministry of Communications, Kuwait and Telecommunication Infrastructure Company EMEA

Page 181 of 290 pages


LEV

Landing Points • Yeroskipos (Cyprus) • Mazara (Italy)

LEV • Tel Aviv (Israel)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Owners System Supplier System Installer Region

1999 2024 $175,000,000 2,600 0.0025 0.0025 2 8 Cyprus Telecommunications Authority Tyco Telecommunications Alcatel Submarine Networks, Tyco Telecommunications EMEA

Page 182 of 290 pages


LION

Landing Points • Terre Rouge (Mauritius) • Toamasina (Madagascar)

LOWER INDIAN OCEAN NETWORK • Sainte Marie (Reunion Island)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps) Owners System Installer Region

2009 2034 $30,000,000 1,091 0.02 1.28 2 64 10 France Telecom, Orange Madagascar FCR, Orange Marine Indian Ocean Pan-East Asian

Page 183 of 290 pages


LION-2

Landing Points • Mayotte (Mayotte)

LOWER INDIAN OCEAN NETWORK 2 • Mombasa (Kenya)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps) Owners

System Installer Region

2012 2037 $76,000,000 3,000 1.28 2 64 10 Emtel Ltd., France Telecom, Orange Madagascar, Telkom Kenya Alpha Logistics, Elettra, Orange Marine Indian Ocean Pan-East Asian

Page 184 of 290 pages


Liquid Sea

PROJECT COMPLETION PHASES Pre-Engineering

Survey

System Manufacture

System Installation

Landing Points

LIQUID SEA

• Quseer (Egypt)

• Mtunzini (South Africa)

• Mombasa (Kenya)

• Maputo (Mozambique)

• Djibouti City (Djibouti)

• Dar es Salaam (Tanzania)

• Aqaba (Jordan)

Commissioning & Acceptance

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Design Capacity (Tbps) Owners Region

2019 2044 $250,000,000 10,000 30 Liquid Telecom EMEA

Page 185 of 290 pages


MAC

Landing Points • St Croix (US Virgin Islands) • Brookhaven (United States)

MID-ATLANTIC CROSSING • Hollywood (United States)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Owners System Installer Upgrader Upgrade Year Upgrade Capacity (Gbps) Region

2000 2025 $200,000,000 7,461 0.02 0.92 2 Global Crossing, Level 3 Communications Alcatel Submarine Networks, FCR Infinera, Infinera 2010, 2011 10, 10 Americas

Page 186 of 290 pages


Main One

Landing Points

MAIN ONE

• Dakar (Senegal)

• Tenerife (Spain)

• Abidjan (Ivory Coast)

• Accra (Ghana)

• Casablanca (Morocco)

• Port Harcourt (Nigeria)

• Seixal (Portugal)

• Lagos (Nigeria)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps) System Supplier Upgrader Upgrade Year Upgrade Capacity (Gbps) Region

2010 2035 $240,000,000 7,000 1.92 10 100 TE SubCom Xtera 2015 100 EMEA

Page 187 of 290 pages


MAREA

Landing Points • Bilbao (Spain)

MAREA • Virginia Beach (United States)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Owners System Supplier System Installer Region

2017 2042 $165,000,000 6,600 160 8 Facebook, Microsoft TE SubCom TE SubCom Transatlantic

Page 188 of 290 pages


MARS

Landing Points • (Mauritius)

• (Rodrigues)

MAURITIUS AND RODRIGUES SUBMARINE CABLE SYSTEM RFS Year EOS Year Length (km) Design Capacity (Tbps) Owners System Supplier Region

2019 2044 700 16 Mauritius Telecom, PCCW Global Huawei Marine Indian Ocean

Page 189 of 290 pages


Matrix

Landing Points • Jakarta (Indonesia) • Batam (Indonesia)

MATRIX • Changi (Singapore)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Owners System Supplier System Installer Region

2008 2032 $30,000,000 1,438 0.6 2.56 4 Matrix Networks, NAP Info TE SubCom Global Marine Systems Limited AustralAsia

Page 190 of 290 pages


MAYA-1

Landing Points

MAYA-1

• Maria Chiquita (Panama)

• Hollywood (United States)

• Tolu (Colombia)

• Puerto Limon (Costa Rica)

• Cancun (Mexico)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Owners System Supplier System Installer Upgrader Upgrade Year Upgrade Capacity (Gbps) Region

2000 2025 $120,000,000 4,506 0.01 0.9225 2 MAYA-1 Consortium Tyco Telecommunications Alcatel Submarine Networks, Tyco Telecommunications Alcatel-Lucent Submarine Networks 2012 40 Americas

Page 191 of 290 pages


MBDC

Landing Points • Dumai (Indonesia)

MORATELINDO BATAM - DUMAI CABLE • Batam (Indonesia)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Owners Region

2009 2034 $40,000,000 330 0.01 0.01 Moratelindo AustralAsia

Page 192 of 290 pages


MCT

Landing Points • Sihanoukville (Cambodia) • Cherating (Malaysia)

MALAYSIA-CAMBODIA-THAILAND • Rayoung (Thailand)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps) Owners

System Supplier System Installer Region

2017 2041 $60,000,000 1,425 1.5 30 6 50 100 Symphony Communication Public Company Limited, Telcotech Limited, Telekom Malaysia Berhad Huawei Marine Global Marine Systems Limited AustralAsia

Page 193 of 290 pages


Med Cable Network

Landing Points • Annaba (Algeria) • Marseille (France)

MED CABLE NETWORK • Algiers (Algeria)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Owners Region

2005 2030 $40,000,000 1,300 0.02 0.02 Med Cable EMEA

Page 194 of 290 pages


MedNautilus

Landing Points

MEDNAUTILUS

• Chania (Greece)

• Catania (Italy)

• Haifa (Israel)

• Istanbul (Turkey)

• Koropi (Greece)

• Tel Aviv (Israel)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps) System Installer Upgrader Upgrade Year Upgrade Capacity (Gbps) Region

2001 2026 $190,000,000 5,729 3.84 38.4 6 64 100 Alcatel Submarine Networks, Orange Marine Infinera, Infinera, Infinera 2011, 2012, 2013 10, 100, 40 EMEA

Page 195 of 290 pages


Melita-1

Landing Points • St Paul's Bay (Malta)

MELITA-1 • Pozallo (Italy)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Owners Region

2009 2034 $14,000,000 100 0.00005 0.00005 Melita Infrastructure Ltd. EMEA

Page 196 of 290 pages


MENA

Landing Points

MIDDLE EAST NORTH AFRICA

• Zafarana (Egypt)

• Mazara (Italy)

• Jeddah (Saudi Arabia)

• Djibouti City (Djibouti)

• Al Seeb (Oman)

• Abu Talat (Egypt)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps) Owners

System Supplier System Installer Upgrader Upgrade Year Upgrade Capacity (Gbps) Region

2014 2039 $210,000,000 8,800 57.6 57.6 6 96 100 MENA Submarine Cable Systems, Orascom Telecom Media and Technology Holding S.A.E. TE SubCom Alcatel Submarine Networks, Elettra Infinera 2016 100 EMEA

Page 197 of 290 pages


METISS

PROJECT COMPLETION PHASES Pre-Engineering

Landing Points • (Mauritius)

• (LA Reunion)

• (Madagascar)

• (South Africa)

Survey

System Manufacture

System Installation

Commissioning & Acceptance

MELTING POT INDIANOCEANIC SUBMARINE SYSTEM RFS Year EOS Year Length (km) Design Capacity (Tbps) Owners

2019 2044 3,000 24 Canal+ Telecom, CEB FiberNet, Emtel Ltd., SFR, Telma, ZEOP

Page 198 of 290 pages


MIC-1

Landing Points • Changi (Singapore)

MORATEL INTERNATIONAL CABLE 1 • Batam (Indonesia)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Owners System Installer Region

2008 2033 $10,000,000 70 0.01 0.01 Moratelindo Global Marine Systems Limited AustralAsia

Page 199 of 290 pages


Micronesia Cable System

Landing Points

MICRONESIA CABLE SYSTEM

• (Guam)

• Pohnpei (Micronesia)

• Kwajalein (Marshall Islands)

• Majuro (Marshall Islands)

RFS Year EOS Year Length (km) Owners

System Supplier Region

2011 2036 174 Federated States of Micronesia Telecommunications Authority, Marshall Island National Telecommunications Authority TE SubCom AustralAsia

Page 201 of 290 pages


Midgardsormen

PROJECT COMPLETION PHASES Pre-Engineering

Landing Points • Virginia Beach (United States)

Survey

System Manufacture

System Installation

Commissioning & Acceptance

MIDGARDSORMEN • Blaabjerg (Denmark)

RFS Year EOS Year Length (km) Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps) Owners Region

2020 2045 7,848 100 100 Midgardsormen Transatlantic

Page 202 of 290 pages


Minerva

Landing Points • Catania (Italy) • Mazara (Italy)

MINERVA • Yeroskipos (Cyprus)

RFS Year EOS Year Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Region

2007 2032 0.01 0.01 EMEA

Page 203 of 290 pages


MKCS

Landing Points

MATARAM-KUPANG CABLE SYSTEM

• Waingapu (Indonesia)

• Sumbawa Besar (Indonesia)

• Saraemee (Indonesia)

• Mataram (Indonesia)

• Kupang (Indonesia)

• Ende (Indonesia)

• Ambalawi (Indonesia)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps) Owners System Supplier System Installer Region

2011 2036 $94,000,000 1,318 1.8 6 30 10 PT Telekom Huawei Marine, Nexans Nexans AustralAsia

Page 204 of 290 pages


Monet

Landing Points • Fortaleza (Brazil) • Santos (Brazil)

MONET • Boca Raton (United States)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps) Owners System Supplier System Installer Region

2017 2041 $280,000,000 10,556 60 6 100 100 Algar Telecom, Angola Cables, Antel, Google TE SubCom TE SubCom Americas

Page 205 of 290 pages


NCP

PROJECT COMPLETION PHASES Pre-Engineering

Survey

System Manufacture

Landing Points

Commissioning & Acceptance

NEW CROSS PACIFIC

• Busan (South Korea)

• Hillsboro (United States)

• Chongming (China)

• Lingang (China)

• Toucheng (Taiwan)

• Maruyama (Japan)

• Nanhui (China)

System Installation

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Design Capacity (Tbps) Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps) Owners

System Supplier Region

2018 2043 $350,000,000 13,618 80 100 China Mobile, China Telecom, China Unicom, Chunghwa Telecom, KT Corporation, Microsoft, Softbank Mobile Corp TE SubCom Transpacific

Page 206 of 290 pages


NCSCS

Landing Points • Lagos (Nigeria)

• Kribi (Cameroon)

NIGERIA-CAMEROON SUBMARINE CABLE SYSTEM RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Owners System Supplier Region

2015 2040 $30,000,000 1,100 0.04 12.8 6 Cameroon Government, Main One Cable Company Huawei Marine EMEA

Page 207 of 290 pages


NEPTUNE Canada

Landing Points • Port Alberni (Canada)

NEPTUNE CANADA RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Owners System Installer Region

2007 2032 $62,000,000 800 University of Victoria Alcatel Submarine Networks Americas

Page 208 of 290 pages


Norsea Com-1

Landing Points • Tysvær (Norway)

NORSEA COM-1 • Lowestoft (United Kingdom)

RFS Year EOS Year Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Owners System Supplier Region

1999 2024 800 0.16 0.16 North Sea Communications AS Alcatel AKN EMEA

Page 209 of 290 pages


Northstar

Landing Points

NORTHSTAR

• Juneau (United States)

• Whittier (United States)

• Valdez (United States)

• Nedonna Beach (United States)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Owners System Installer Region

1999 2024 $90,000,000 3,385 0.01 0.01 Alaska Communications Systems, Cable & Wireless Alcatel Submarine Networks, Cable & Wireless Americas

Page 210 of 290 pages


Orval

PROJECT COMPLETION PHASES Pre-Engineering

Survey

System Manufacture

Landing Points • Valencia (Spain)

System Installation

Commissioning & Acceptance

ORAN-VALENCIA • Oran (Algeria)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Design Capacity (Tbps) Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps) Owners

System Installer Region

2018 2043 $20,000,000 560 20 100 Algerian Ministry of Post, Information Technology and Communications Alcatel Submarine Networks EMEA

Page 211 of 290 pages


PAC

Landing Points

PAN-AMERICAN CROSSING

• Tijuana (Mexico)

• Colon (Panama)

• Fort Amadour (Panama)

• Grover Beach (United States)

• Mazatlán (Mexico)

• St Croix (US Virgin Islands)

• Puerto Viejo (Venezuela)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps) Owners System Supplier System Installer Upgrader Region

2001 2026 $350,000,000 9,451 0.01 3.2 2 16 100 Global Crossing, Level 3 Communications Tyco Telecommunications Tyco Telecommunications Xtera Americas

Page 212 of 290 pages


PAN-AM

Landing Points

PAN AMERICAN

• Butler's Bay (St. Croix)

• Arica (Chile)

• Baby Beach (Aruba)

• Barranquilla (Colombia)

• Battery Pratt (Panama)

• Panama City (Panama)

• Lurin (Peru)

• Punto Fijo (Venezuela)

• Salinas (Ecuador)

• Magen's Bay (Virgin Islands)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Owners

Region

1999 2024 $260,000,000 6,867 0.01 0.07 2 Antel, C&W, Cable Andino, CANTV, CNT EP, Embratel, Entel, Setar, Telecom Colombia, Telmex Americas

Page 213 of 290 pages


Pangea

Landing Points

PANGEA

• Redcar (United Kingdom)

• Måde (Denmark)

• Lowestoft (United Kingdom)

• Fanø (Denmark)

• Beverwijk (Netherlands)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Owners System Supplier System Installer Region

2000 2025 $20,000,000 511 7 7 Pangea Ltd. Nexans Alcatel Submarine Networks, Nexans EMEA

Page 214 of 290 pages


Paniolo

Landing Points

PANIOLO

• Kaunakakai (United States)

• Kekeha (United States)

• Hawaii Kai (United States)

• Maui (United States)

• Hawaii (United States)

• Makaha (United States)

RFS Year EOS Year Length (km) Fiber Pairs System Supplier System Installer Region

2009 2034 575 24 IT International Telecom IT International Telecom AustralAsia

Page 215 of 290 pages


PC-1

Landing Points

PACIFIC CROSSING 1

• Shima (Japan)

• Ajigaura (Japan)

• Harbor Pointe (United States)

• Grover Beach (United States)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps) Owners System Supplier System Installer Upgrader Upgrade Year Upgrade Capacity (Gbps) Region

2000 2025 $650,000,000 20,910 1.8 8.4 4 20 100 AT&T Submarine System, Inc., NT Communications Tyco Telecommunications Tyco Telecommunications Infinera 2013 40 Transpacific

Page 216 of 290 pages


PCCS

Landing Points

PACIFIC CARIBBEAN CABLE SYSTEM

• Cartagena (Colombia)

• Isla Verde (Puerto Rico)

• Tortola (United Kingdom)

• Hudishibana (Aruba)

• Balboa (Panama)

• Manta (Ecuador)

• Tera Cora (Curaçao)

• Jacksonville (United States)

• Maria Chiquita (Panama)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps) Owners

Region

2015 2040 $160,000,000 6,000 48 6 100 Cable & Wireless Communications, Setar, Telconet, Telefónica Global Solutions Americas

Page 217 of 290 pages


PEACE

PROJECT COMPLETION PHASES Pre-Engineering

Landing Points

Survey

System Manufacture

System Installation

Commissioning & Acceptance

PAKISTAN EAST AFRICA CABLE EXPRESS

• Gwadar (Pakistan)

• (Kenya)

• Djibouti (Djibouti)

• Karachi (Pakistan)

RFS Year EOS Year Length (km) Design Capacity (Tbps) Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps) Owners System Supplier System Installer Region

2019 2044 6,800 60 200 China-ASEAN Information Harbor, Tropic Science Huawei Marine Huawei Marine EMEA

Page 218 of 290 pages


PEC

Landing Points

PAN-EUROPEAN CROSSING

• Bredene (Belguim)

• Broadstairs (United Kingdom)

• Veules-les-Roses (France)

• Seaford (United Kingdom)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Owners Region

1999 2024 $20,000,000 170 0.01 0.01 Global Crossing, Level 3 Communications EMEA

Page 219 of 290 pages


PLCN

PROJECT COMPLETION PHASES Pre-Engineering

Landing Points • (Hong Kong)

Survey

System Manufacture

System Installation

Commissioning & Acceptance

PACIFIC LIGHT CABLE NETWORK • Los Angeles (United States)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps) Owners System Supplier Region

2019 2044 $400,000,000 12,800 120 5 240 100 Facebook, Google, Pacific Light Data Communication, Telstra TE SubCom Transpacific

Page 220 of 290 pages


PPC-1

Landing Points • Sydney (Australia) • Madang (Papua New Guinea)

PIPE PACIFIC CABLE • Piti (Guam)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Owners System Supplier System Installer Upgrader Upgrade Capacity (Gbps) Region

2009 2034 $180,000,000 7,185 0.04 2.56 PIPE Networks Ltd. Tyco Telecommunications Tyco Telecommunications Infinera 100 AustralAsia

Page 221 of 290 pages


Qatar-UAE

Landing Points

QATAR-UAE

• Doha (UAE)

• Abu Dhabi (UAE)

• Halul Island (Qatar)

• Das Island (United Arab Emirates)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Region

2004 2029 $10,000,000 208 0.02 0.02 EMEA

Page 222 of 290 pages


Quintillion Subsea

Landing Points

QUINTILLION SUBSEA

• Prudhoe Bay (United States)

• Utqiaġvik (United States)

• Wainwright (United States)

• Point Hope (United States)

• Kotzebue (United States)

• Nome (United States)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps) Owners System Supplier System Installer Region

2017 2041 $150,000,000 1,200 30 3 100 100 Quintillion Subsea Holdings Alcatel Submarine Networks Alcatel-Lucent Submarine Networks Arctic

Page 223 of 290 pages


Quintillion Subsea Phase 2

PROJECT COMPLETION PHASES Pre-Engineering

Landing Points • Tokyo (Japan)

Survey

System Manufacture

System Installation

Commissioning & Acceptance

QUINTILLION SUBSEA PHASE 2 • Nome (United States)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps) Owners Region

2020 2045 $150,000,000 3,500 30 3 100 100 Quintillion Subsea Holdings Arctic, Transpacific

Page 224 of 290 pages


Quintillion Subsea Phase 3

PROJECT COMPLETION PHASES Pre-Engineering

Landing Points • Iqaluit (Canada) • Prudhoe Bay (United States)

Survey

System Manufacture

System Installation

Commissioning & Acceptance

QUINTILLION SUBSEA PHASE 3 • London (United Kingdom)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps) Owners Region

2021 2046 $250,000,000 5,000 30 3 100 100 Quintillion Subsea Holdings Arctic, Transatlantic

Page 225 of 290 pages


RJCN

Landing Points • Naoetsu (Japan)

RUSSIAN-JAPAN CABLE NETWORK • Nakhodka (Russia)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Owners Region

2006 2031 $50,000,000 1,795 0.64 0.64 Rostelecom AustralAsia

Page 226 of 290 pages


RNAL

Landing Points

REACH NORTH ASIA LOOP

• Wada (Japan)

• Busan (South Korea)

• Toucheng (Taiwan)

• Tong Fuk (Hong Kong)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Owners

Upgrader Upgrade Year Upgrade Capacity (Gbps) Region

2001 2026 $900,000,000 9,792 0.08 0.08 6 FLAG Telecom, Global Cloud Xchange, Level 3 Communications Infinera, Infinera 2011, 2014 40, 40 AustralAsia

Page 227 of 290 pages


SABR

PROJECT COMPLETION PHASES Pre-Engineering

Landing Points • Recife (Brazil)

Survey

System Manufacture

System Installation

Commissioning & Acceptance

SOUTH AFRICA-BRAZIL • Cape Town (South Africa)

RFS Year EOS Year Length (km) Design Capacity (Tbps) Owners Region

2019 2044 6,200 60 Seaborn Networks Transatlantic

Page 228 of 290 pages


SAC

Landing Points

SOUTH AMERICAN CROSSING

• Lurin (Peru)

• St Croix (US Virgin Islands)

• Fortaleza (Brazil)

• Fort Amadour (Panama)

• Las Toninas (Argentina)

• Valparaiso (Chile)

• Santos (Brazil)

• Puerto Viejo (Venezuela)

• Rio de Janeiro (Brazil)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps) Owners System Installer Upgrader Upgrade Year Upgrade Capacity (Gbps) Region

2001 2026 $520,000,000 15,983 0.1 4.84 4 30 40 Global Crossing, Level 3 Communications Alcatel Submarine Networks Infinera, Infinera 2010, 2011 10, 10 Americas

Page 229 of 290 pages


SACS

Landing Points • Fortaleza (Brazil)

SOUTH ATLANTIC CABLE SYSTEM • Luanda (Angola)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps) System Supplier System Installer Region

2018 2043 $130,000,000 6,300 40 40 4 100 100 NEC Orange Marine Transatlantic

Page 230 of 290 pages


SAEx

PROJECT COMPLETION PHASES Pre-Engineering

Landing Points

System Manufacture

System Installation

Commissioning & Acceptance

SOUTH ATLANTIC EXPRESS

• (St. Helena)

• Virginia Beach (United States)

• Yzerfontein (South Africa)

• Fortaleza (Brazil)

• Mtunzini (South Africa)

Survey

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps) Owners Region

2020 2045 $450,000,000 17,320 72 72 6 120 200 SAEx International Limited Transatlantic

Page 231 of 290 pages


SAFE

Landing Points

SOUTH AFRICA-FAR EAST

• Cape Town (South Africa)

• Baie du Jacotet (Mauritius)

• Cochin (India)

• Saint-Paul (Reunion)

• Penang (Malaysia)

• Durban (South Africa)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Owners

System Supplier System Installer Upgrader Upgrade Year Upgrade Capacity (Gbps) Region

2002 2027 $350,000,000 13,669 0.44 0.44 France Telecom, TATA Communications, Telekom SA, TM Berhad Tyco Telecommunications FCR, Tyco Telecommunications Alcatel-Lucent Submarine Networks 2014 40 Indian Ocean Pan-East Asian

Page 232 of 290 pages


SAIL

PROJECT COMPLETION PHASES Pre-Engineering

Landing Points • Fortaleza (Brazil)

Survey

System Manufacture

System Installation

Commissioning & Acceptance

SOUTH ATLANTIC INTER LINK • Kribi (Cameroon)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps) Owners System Supplier System Installer Region

2019 2044 $487,000,000 5,900 32 4 80 100 CamTel, China Unicom Huawei Marine, Nexans Global Marine Systems Limited Transatlantic

Page 233 of 290 pages


SAM-1

Landing Points

SOUTH AMERICA-1

• Puerto Barrios (Guatemala)

• Arica (Chile)

• Barranquilla (Colombia)

• Boca Raton (United States)

• Fortaleza (Brazil)

• Mancora (Peru)

• Lurin (Peru)

• Las Toninas (Argentina)

• Rio de Janeiro (Brazil)

• Salinas (Ecuador)

• Salvador (Brazil)

• San Juan (Puerto Rico)

• Santos (Brazil)

• Valparaiso (Chile)

• Puerto San Jose (Guatemala)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps) Owners System Supplier System Installer Upgrader Upgrade Year Upgrade Capacity (Gbps) Region

2001 2026 $650,000,000 24,140 0.16 19.2 4 48 100 Telefonica Tyco Telecommunications Tyco Telecommunications Infinera, Infinera, Infinera 2009, 2010, 2012 10, 100, 40 Americas

Page 234 of 290 pages


SAPL

PROJECT COMPLETION PHASES Pre-Engineering

Landing Points

System Manufacture

System Installation

Commissioning & Acceptance

SOUTH AMERICA PACIFIC LINK

• Valparaiso (Chile)

• Naples (United States)

• Makaha (United States)

• Colon (Panama)

• Balboa (Panama)

Survey

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps) Owners System Supplier Region

2020 2045 $400,000,000 17,600 30 3 150 100 Ocean Networks Alcatel Submarine Networks Transpacific

Page 235 of 290 pages


SAS-1

Landing Points • Jeddah (Saudi Arabia)

SAUDI ARABIA-SUDAN • Port Sudan (Sudan)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Owners Region

2003 2028 $20,000,000 333 1.28 1.28 4 Saudi Telecom Company EMEA

Page 236 of 290 pages


SAT-3

Landing Points

SOUTH ATLANTIC 3

• Douala (Cameroon)

• Abidjan (Ivory Coast)

• Accra (Ghana)

• Alta Vista (Spain)

• Chipiona (Spain)

• Dakar (Senegal)

• Lagos (Nigeria)

• Libreville (Gabon)

• Luanda (Angola)

• Melkbosstrand (South Africa)

• Sesimbra (Portugal)

• Cotonou (Benin)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps) Owners

System Installer Upgrader Upgrade Year Upgrade Capacity (Gbps)

2002 2027 $370,000,000 14,350 0.34 0.8 2 40 British Telecommunications PLC, C&W, CamTel, CIT, Côte d’Ivoire Telecom, CPRM, France Telecom, Ghana Telecom, Maroc Telecom of Morocco, Nigerian Telecommunications Ltd, Nitel, OPT Benin, OPT Gabon, TATA Communications, TCI, Telecom Namibia, Telefonica, Telekom SA, Togo Telecom Alcatel Submarine Networks Alcatel-Lucent Submarine Networks 2014 40 Page 237 of 290 pages


SCAN

Landing Points • Jakarta (Indonesia)

SUBMARINE CABLE ASIA NETWORK • (Hong Kong)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Owners Region

2011 2036 $337,000,000 4,300 0.04 1.92 PT. Fangbian Iskan Corporindo, Telemedia Pacific Inc. AustralAsia

Page 238 of 290 pages


SCF-CN

Landing Points

SCF-CN

• Basseterre (St. Kitts & Nevis)

• Bridgetown (Barbados)

• Kingstown (St. Vincent)

• Martinique (Martinique)

• Port Castries (St Lucia)

• Macqueripe (Trinidad and Tobago)

• Port Salines (Grenada)

RFS Year EOS Year Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Owners Region

2007 2032 1,186 1.28 1.28 Group Loret Americas

Page 239 of 290 pages


Scotland-Orkney-Shetland

Landing Points • Shetland (Scotland) • (Scotland)

SCOTLAND-ORKNEY-SHETLAND • Orkney (Scotland)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Owners Region

2013 2038 $12,000,000 400 British Telecommunications PLC EMEA

Page 240 of 290 pages


Seabras-1

Landing Points • Wall Township (United States)

SEABRAS-1 • Praia Grande (Brazil)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps) Owners System Supplier System Installer Region

2017 2042 $509,000,000 10,750 72 72 6 120 100 Seaborn Group Alcatel Submarine Networks Alcatel Submarine Networks Americas

Page 241 of 290 pages


Seacom

Landing Points

SEACOM

• Dar es Salaam (Tanzania)

• Djibouti City (Djibouti)

• Maputo (Mozambique)

• Mtunzini (South Africa)

• Mumbai (India)

• Zafarana (Egypt)

• Mombasa (Kenya)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Owners

System Supplier System Installer Upgrader Upgrade Year Upgrade Capacity (Gbps) Region

2009 2034 $600,000,000 13,601 0.11 4.2 Convergence Partners, Herakles Telecom LLC, Industrial Promotion Services, Seacom Ltd, Shanduka Group, VenFin Limited Tyco Telecommunications SSI Tyco Telecommunications SSI Ciena 2013 100 Indian Ocean Pan-East Asian

Page 242 of 290 pages


SEAK

Landing Points

SOUTH EAST ALASKA

• Ketchikan (United States)

• Juneau (United States)

• Angoon (United States)

• Petersburg (United States)

• Wrangell (United States)

• Sitka (United States)

• Hawk Inlet (United States)

RFS Year EOS Year Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Owners Region

2008 2033 0.01 0.01 GCI Americas

Page 243 of 290 pages


SEA-ME-WE 3

Landing Points • Fangshan (Taiwan)

• Mersing (Malaysia)

• Medan (Indonesia)

• Mazara (Italy)

• Mamaris (Turkey)

• Keoje (South Korea)

• Karachi (Pakistan)

• Jeddah (Saudi Arabia)

• Alexandria (Egypt)

• Fujairah (UAE)

• Muscat (Oman)

• (Djibouti)

• (Hong Kong)

• Da Nang (Vietnam)

• Cochin (India)

• Chania (Greece)

• Batangas (Philippines)

• Ancol (Indonesia)

• Goonhilly (United Kingdom)

• Satun (Thailand)

• Tetouan (Morocco)

• Tungku (Brunei)

• Tuas (Singapore)

• Toucheng (Taiwan)

• Taipa (China)

• Suez (Egypt)

• Shantou (China)

• Mt. Lavinia (Sri Lanka)

• Sesimbra (Portugal)

• Mumbai (India)

• Pyapon (Myanmar)

• Perth (Australia)

• Penmarch (France)

• Penang (Malaysia)

• Ostend (Belgium)

• Okinawa (Japan)

• Norden (Germany)

• Yeroskipos (Cyprus)

• Shanghai (China)

SOUTH EAST ASIA-MIDDLE EAST-WESTERN EUROPE 3 RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps) Owners

System Supplier System Installer Upgrade Year Upgrade Capacity (Gbps) Region

1999 2024 $1,500,000,000 39,622 0.04 12.8 2 64 100 Cyprus Telecommunications Authority, SEA-ME-WE 3 Consortium, TATA Communications, TM Berhad Fujitsu, KDD-SCS, Pirelli, Tyco Telecommunications Alcatel Submarine Networks, Tyco Telecommunications 2015 100 AustralAsia, EMEA, Indian Ocean Pan-East Asian

Page 244 of 290 pages


SEA-ME-WE 4

Landing Points • Karachi (Pakistan)

• Annaba (Algeria)

• Bizerte (Tunisia)

• Chennai (India)

• Colombo (Sri Lanka)

• Cox's Bazar (Bangladesh)

• Alexandria (Egypt)

• Jeddah (Saudi Arabia)

• Tuas (Singapore)

• Marseille (France)

• Melaka (Malaysia)

• Mumbai (India)

• Palermo (Italy)

• Satun (Thailand)

• Suez (Egypt)

• Fujairah (UAE)

SOUTH EAST ASIA-MIDDLE EAST-WESTERN EUROPE 4 RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps) Owners

System Supplier

2005 2030 $500,000,000 18,846 1.28 12.8 2 64 100 Algerie Telecom, Bangladesh Submarine Cable Company, Bharti Airtel, CAT Telecom, Du, France Telecom, Pakistan Telecommunication Company Limited, Saudi Telecom Company, Sri Lanka Telecom Limited, TATA Communications, Telekom Malaysia, TM Berhad, Tunisie Telecom, Verizon Fujitsu, Mitsubishi Electric Corporation Page 245 of 290 pages


SEA-ME-WE 5

Landing Points • Matara (Sri Lanka)

• Al Hudaydah (Yemen)

• Catania (Italy)

• Djibouti (Djibouti)

• Dumai (Indonesia)

• Fujairah (UAE)

• Karachi (Pakistan)

• Abu Talat (Egypt)

• Marmaris (Turkey)

• Zafarana (Egypt)

• Medan (Indonesia)

• Melaka (Malaysia)

• Ngwe Saung (Myanmar)

• Qalhat (Oman)

• Toulon (France)

• Tuas (Singapore)

• Yanbu (Saudi Arabia)

• Kuakata (Bangladesh)

SOUTH EAST ASIA-MIDDLE EAST-WESTERN EUROPE 5 RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps)

2017 2042 $1,000,000,000 20,000 24 24 3 80 100

Page 246 of 290 pages


SEA-US

Landing Points

SOUTH EAST ASIA-UNITED STATES

• Piti (Guam)

• Ngeremlengui (Palau)

• Makaha (United States)

• Magachgil (Micronesia)

• Kauditan (Indonesia)

• Hermosa Beach (United States)

• Davao City (Philippines)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps) Owners

System Supplier System Installer Region

2017 2042 $250,000,000 15,400 20 20 2 100 100 Globe Telecom, GTA, GTI, Hawaiian Telecom, RTI, Telin, Telkom USA NEC S.B. Submarine Systems Transpacific

Page 247 of 290 pages


SEAX-1

PROJECT COMPLETION PHASES Pre-Engineering

Survey

System Manufacture

Landing Points • Mersing (Malaysia) • Batam (Indonesia)

System Installation

Commissioning & Acceptance

SEAX-1 • Changi (Singapore)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Fiber Pairs Owners System Supplier System Installer Region

2018 2043 $6,250,000 250 24 Super SEA Cable Networks Pte. Ltd. Huawei Marine, Nexans Huawei Marine AustralAsia

Page 248 of 290 pages


SG-SCS

Landing Points • Totness (Suriname) • Macqueripe (Trinidad)

• Georgetown (Guyana)

SURINAME-GUYANA SUBMARINE CABLE SYSTEM RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps) Owners

System Supplier System Installer Region

2010 2035 $54,000,000 1,249 3.6 2 64 10 Guyana Telephone and Telegraph Co. Ltd., Telesur of Suriname Huawei Marine, Nexans Global Marine Systems Limited, Nexans Americas

Page 249 of 290 pages


Shefa 2

Landing Points

SHETLAND-FAROESE 2

• Tórshavn (Faroe Islands)

• Sandwick (Scotland)

• Maywick (United Kingdom)

• Banff (United Kingdom)

• Ayre of Cara (United Kingdom)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Owners System Supplier Upgrader Region

2008 2033 $27,000,000 828 0.02 0.57 Faroese Telecom IT International Telecom, NSW Xtera EMEA

Page 250 of 290 pages


Silphium

Landing Points • Chania (Greece)

SILPHIUM • Darnah (Libya)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps) Owners

System Supplier System Installer Region

2012 2037 $20,000,000 426 0.07 1.2 3 40 10 Libyan Post, Telecom and Information Technology Company Huawei Marine, Nexans Huawei Marine EMEA

Page 251 of 290 pages


SJC

Landing Points

SOUTH-EAST ASIA JAPAN CABLE

• Tuas (Singapore)

• Telisai (Brunei)

• Shantou (China)

• Nasugbu (Philippines)

• Lantau (Hong Kong)

• Chikura (Japan)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps) Owners

System Supplier System Installer Upgrader Upgrade Year Upgrade Capacity (Gbps) Region

2013 2038 $400,000,000 8,986 28 28 6 100 Brunei International Gateway Sendirian Berhad, China Mobile, China Telecom, China Telecom International Ltd., Donghwa Telecom Co., Globe Telecom, Google, SJC Consortium, Telemedia Pacific Inc., Telin, TOT Public Co. TE SubCom S.B. Submarine Systems TE SubCom, TE SubCom 2014, 2016 100, 100 AustralAsia

Page 253 of 290 pages


SJC2

PROJECT COMPLETION PHASES Pre-Engineering

Landing Points

System Manufacture

System Installation

Commissioning & Acceptance

SOUTHEAST ASIA–JAPAN 2

• Tanshui (Taiwan)

• Songkhla (Thailand)

• Sihanoukville (Cambodia)

• Shima (Japan)

• Quy Nhon (Vietnam)

• Busan (South Korea)

• Lingang (China)

• Fangshan (Taiwan)

• (Hong Kong)

• Chikura (Japan)

• Changi (Singapore)

Survey

RFS Year EOS Year Length (km) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Owners

System Supplier Region

2020 2045 10,500 144 8 China Mobile, Chuan Wei, Chunghwa Telecom, Facebook, KDDI, Singapore Telecommunications Limited, SK Broadband, VNPT NEC AustralAsia

Page 254 of 290 pages


SKR1M

Landing Points

SISTEM KABEL RAKYAT 1 MALAYSIA

• Miri (Malaysia)

• Mersing (Malaysia)

• Kuching (Malaysia)

• Kota Kinabalu (Malaysia)

• Cherating (Malaysia)

• Bintulu (Malaysia)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Design Capacity (Tbps) Owners System Supplier System Installer Region

2017 2042 $100,000,000 3,500 6 Telekom Malaysia, TIME dotCom Bhd NEC Telekom Malaysia AustralAsia

Page 255 of 290 pages


SMPCS

Landing Points • Papua (Indonesia) • Sulawesi (Indonesia)

SULAWESI-MALUKU-PAPUA CABLE SYSTEM • Maluku (Indonesia)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Design Capacity (Tbps) Owners Region

2015 2040 $71,100,000 2,000 40 PT Telekom AustralAsia

Page 256 of 290 pages


SMPR-1

Landing Points • St Martin (Netherlands Antilles)

ST. MAARTEN-PUERTO RICO 1 • San Juan (Puerto Rico)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Region

2004 2029 $15,000,000 382 0.0025 0.0025 Americas

Page 257 of 290 pages


Solas

Landing Points • Kilmore Quay (Ireland)

SOLAS • Oxwich Bay (United Kingdom)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Owners System Installer Region

2012 2037 $6,000,000 140 0.05 0.005 Eircom Global Marine Systems Limited EMEA

Page 258 of 290 pages


Southern Cross Cable Network

Landing Points

SOUTHERN CROSS CABLE NETWORK

• Whenuapai (New Zealand)

• Takapuna (New Zealand)

• Suva (Fiji)

• Spencer Beach (United States)

• Morro Bay (United States)

• Kahe Point (United States)

• Hillsboro (United States)

• Brookvale (Australia)

• Alexandria (Australia)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps) Owners System Supplier System Installer Upgrader Upgrade Year Upgrade Capacity (Gbps) Region

2000 2030 $1,300,000,000 30,000 3.6 14 3 16 100 Verizon Alcatel Submarine Networks, Fujitsu Alcatel Submarine Networks Ciena, Ciena 2012, 2013 40, 40 AustralAsia; Transpacific

Page 259 of 290 pages


PROJECT COMPLETION PHASES

Southern Cross NEXT

Pre-Engineering

Survey

System Manufacture

Landing Points

Commissioning & Acceptance

SOUTHERN CROSS NEXT

• (Kiribati)

• (Tokelau)

• (Samoa)

• (Fiji)

• Los Angeles (United States)

• Auckland (New Zealand)

• Sydney (Australia)

System Installation

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps) Owners Region

2020 2045 $275,000,000 12,500 72 4 100 Fintel, Southern Cross Cables Limited Transpacific

Page 260 of 290 pages


SSCS

PROJECT COMPLETION PHASES Pre-Engineering

Landing Points

Survey

System Manufacture

System Installation

Commissioning & Acceptance

SOLOMON SUBMARINE CABLE SYSTEM

• Noro (Soloman)

• Honiara (Solomon)

• Auki (Soloman)

• Sydney (Australia)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Owners System Supplier Region

2019 2044 $54,000,000 827 Solomon Islands Submarine Cable Company TE SubCom AustralAsia

Page 261 of 290 pages


Svalbard

Landing Points • Hotellneset (Norway) • Andøy (Norway)

SVALBARD • Harstad (Norway)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Owners System Supplier System Installer

Region

2004 2029 $80,000,000 2,800 4.8 4.8 Telenor Nexans, Tyco Telecommunications Global Marine Systems Limited, Nexans, Tyco Telecommunications EMEA

Page 262 of 290 pages


Sweden-Latvia

Landing Points • Ventspils (Latvia) • Fårösund (Sweden)

SWEDEN-LATVIA • Stockholm (Sweden)

RFS Year EOS Year Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Owners System Supplier Region

2004 2029 175 0.0025 0.0025 34 Baltcom TE SubCom EMEA

Page 263 of 290 pages


Tangerine

Landing Points • Ostend (Belguim)

TANGERINE • Broadstairs (United Kingdom)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Owners Region

2000 2025 $10,000,000 121 0.24 0.24 96 Level 3 Communications EMEA

Page 264 of 290 pages


Tannat

Landing Points • Maldonado (Uruguay)

TANNAT • Santos (Brazil)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Owners System Supplier System Installer Region

2017 2042 $50,000,000 2,000 90 6 Antel, Google, Government of Uruguay Alcatel Submarine Networks Alcatel Submarine Networks Americas

Page 265 of 290 pages


Tasman Global Access

Landing Points • Sydney (Australia)

TASMAN GLOBAL ACCESS • Ngarunui Beach (New Zealand)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps) Owners System Supplier System Installer Region

2017 2042 $60,000,000 2,300 20 2 100 Spark New Zealand, Telstra, Vodafone Alcatel Submarine Networks Alcatel Submarine Networks AustralAsia

Page 266 of 290 pages


TAT 14

Landing Points

TAT-14

• Tuckerton (United States)

• St. Valery (France)

• St. Austell (United Kingdom)

• Norden (Germany)

• Manasquan (United States)

• Katwijk (Netherlands)

• Bude (United Kingdom)

• Blaabjerg (Denmark)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps) Owners System Supplier System Installer Upgrade Year Upgrade Capacity (Gbps) Region

2001 2026 $400,000,000 15,453 0.16 9.38 4 40 40 KPN Telecom, TAT-14 Consortium Mitsubishi Electric Corporation Global Marine Systems Limited 2012 40 Transatlantic

Page 267 of 290 pages


TE North

Landing Points • Marseille (France) • Alexandria (Egypt)

TELECOM EGYPT NORTH • Cyprus (Republic of Cyprus)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps) Owners Upgrader Upgrade Year Upgrade Capacity (Gbps) Region

2011 2036 $150,000,000 2,938 10 20 8 25 100 Telecom Egypt Infinera 2012 100 EMEA

Page 268 of 290 pages


TEAMS

Landing Points • Mombasa (Kenya)

THE EAST AFRICAN MARINE SYSTEM • Fujairah (United Arab Emirates)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Owners Region

2009 2034 $130,000,000 4,500 0.12 1.28 Etisalat, TEAMS Ltd. Indian Ocean Pan-East Asian

Page 269 of 290 pages


TGN Atlantic

Landing Points • Wall Township (United States)

TGN ATLANTIC • Highbridge (United Kingdom)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Owners System Supplier System Installer Upgrader Upgrade Year Upgrade Capacity (Gbps) Region

2001 2026 $340,000,000 12,670 2.56 50 4 64 TATA Communications Tyco Telecommunications Tyco Telecommunications Ciena 2013 100 Transatlantic

Page 270 of 290 pages


TGN Eurasia

Landing Points

TGN EURASIA

• (Djibouti)

• Mumbai (India)

• Jeddah (Saudi Arabia)

• Zafarana (Egypt)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Owners Region

2009 2034 $250,000,000 9,240 0.16 1.28 TATA Communications Indian Ocean Pan-East Asian

Page 271 of 290 pages


TGN Gulf

Landing Points

TGN GULF

• Qalhat (Oman)

• Fujairah (UAE)

• Dubai (UAE)

• Amwaj Island (Bahrain)

• Al-Kheesa (Qatar)

• Al Khobar (Saudi Arabia)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Owners System Supplier Region

2011 2036 $200,000,000 2,306 1.28 2 TATA Communications TE SubCom EMEA

Page 272 of 290 pages


TGN Intra-Asia

Landing Points

TGN INTRA-ASIA

• Vung Tau (Vietnam)

• (Hong Kong)

• Changi (Singapore)

• Ballesteros (Philippines)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps) Owners System Installer Upgrader Upgrade Year Upgrade Capacity (Gbps) Region

2009 2034 $180,000,000 6,485 3.84 3.84 100 TATA Communications Orange Marine Ciena 2014 100 AustralAsia

Page 273 of 290 pages


TGN Northern Europe

Landing Points • Humanby (United Kingdom)

TGN NORTHERN EUROPE • De Marne (Netherlands)

RFS Year EOS Year Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Owners Region

2002 2027 551 3.84 3.84 4 TATA Communications EMEA

Page 274 of 290 pages


TGN Pacific

Landing Points

TGN PACIFIC

• Toyohashi (Japan)

• Piti (Guam)

• Los Angeles (United States)

• Hillsboro (United States)

• Emi (Japan)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps) Owners System Supplier System Installer Upgrader Upgrade Year Upgrade Capacity (Gbps) Region

2002 2027 $580,000,000 21,424 5.12 5.12 8 96 100 TATA Communications Tyco Telecommunications Tyco Telecommunications Ciena 2014 100 Transpacific

Page 275 of 290 pages


TGN Western Europe

Landing Points • Seixal (Portugal) • Bilbao (Spain)

TGN WESTERN EUROPE • Highbridge (United Kingdom)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Owners System Supplier System Installer Region

2002 2027 $100,000,000 3,487 3.84 3.84 TATA Communications Tyco Telecommunications Tyco Telecommunications EMEA

Page 276 of 290 pages


TGN-TIC

Landing Points • Changi (Singapore)

TGN TATA INDIACOM • Chennai (India)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Owners Region

2005 2030 $90,000,000 3,175 5.12 5.12 8 64 TATA Communications Indian Ocean Pan-East Asian

Page 277 of 290 pages


TIS

Landing Points • Songkhla (Thailand)

THAILAND-INDONESIA-SINGAPORE • Batam (Indonesia)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Owners System Supplier System Installer Region

2006 2031 $36,000,000 1,003 0.03 0.03 CAT Telecom, PT Telekom, Singtel Tyco Telecommunications ASEAN Cableship, Tyco Telecommunications AustralAsia

Page 278 of 290 pages


Tobruk-Emased

Landing Points • El Quawef (Libya)

TOBRUK-EMASED • Tobruk (Libya)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps) Owners

System Supplier System Installer Region

2010 2035 $10,000,000 180 25.6 8 80 40 Libyan Post, Telecom and Information Technology Company Huawei Marine Orange Marine EMEA

Page 279 of 290 pages


TPE

Landing Points

TRANS-PACIFIC EXPRESS

• Tanshui (Taiwan)

• Qingdao (China)

• Nedonna Beach (United States)

• Keoje (South Korea)

• Maruyama (Japan)

• Chongming (China)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps) Owners

System Supplier System Installer

Upgrader Upgrade Year Upgrade Capacity (Gbps) Region

2008 2033 $440,000,000 16,163 1.28 5.12 4 64 100 China Telecom, China Unicom, Chunghwa Telecom International, Verizon TE SubCom, Tyco Telecommunications Global Marine Systems Limited, Tyco Telecommunications TE SubCom 2013 10 Transpacific

Page 280 of 290 pages


TSE-1

Landing Points • New Taipei City (Taiwan)

TAIWAN STRAIT EXPRESS • Fuzhou (China)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Owners

System Supplier System Installer Region

2013 2038 $10,000,000 270 6.4 8 China Mobile, China Unicom, Chunghwa Telecom, Far EasTone Telecommunications, Taiwan International Gateway Corporation, Taiwan Mobile Huawei Marine S.B. Submarine Systems AustralAsia

Page 281 of 290 pages


Tui-Samoa

Landing Points

TUI-SAMOA

• Tuasivi (Samoa)

• Suva (Fiji)

• Savusavu (Fiji)

• Mata-Utu (Wallis and Futuna)

• Leava (Wallis and Futuna)

• Apia (Samoa)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Design Capacity (Tbps) Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps) Owners System Supplier System Installer Region

2018 2043 $57,400,000 1,470 8 100 Samoa Submarine Cable Company Alcatel Submarine Networks Alcatel Submarine Networks AustralAsia

Page 282 of 290 pages


TWA-1

Landing Points • Karachi (Pakistan) • Al Seeb (Oman)

TRANSWORLD ASSOCIATES • Fujairah (United Arab Emirates)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Owners System Supplier System Installer Upgrade Year Upgrade Capacity (Gbps) Region

2006 2031 $40,000,000 1,300 1.28 1.28 Trans-World Associates Huawei Marine, Tyco Telecommunications Tyco Telecommunications 2016 100 EMEA

Page 283 of 290 pages


Ugarit

Landing Points • Pentaskhinos (Cyprus)

UGARIT • Tartus (Syria)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Owners System Supplier System Installer Region

1995 2020 $16,000,000 240 0.000622 0.000622 Cyprus Telecommunications Authority AT&T Submarine System, Inc. AT&T Submarine System, Inc. EMEA

Page 284 of 290 pages


Unisur

Landing Points • Maldonado (Uruguay) • Florianopolis (Brazil)

UNISUR • Las Toninas (Argentina)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Owners

Region

1994 2019 $74,000,000 1,720 0.00056 0.00056 Antel, Embratel, Telecom Argentina, Telefonica de Argentina Americas

Page 285 of 290 pages


Unity

Landing Points • Redondo Beach (United States)

UNITY • Chikura (Japan)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps) Owners System Supplier System Installer Upgrader Upgrade Year Upgrade Capacity (Gbps) Region

2010 2035 $300,000,000 9,486 1.92 7.68 8 96 100 Bharti Airtel, Global Transit, Google, Singtel Tyco Telecommunications Kokusai Cable Ship, Tyco Telecommunications Ciena 2013 100 Transpacific

Page 286 of 290 pages


VMSCS

Landing Points • Catania (Italy)

VODAFONE MALTA-SICILY CABLE SYSTEM • St. George's Bay (Malta)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Owners Region

2004 2029 $10,000,000 250 0.01 0.01 Vodafone Malta EMEA

Page 287 of 290 pages


WACS

Landing Points

WEST AFRICA CABLE SYSTEM

• Yzerfontein (South Africa)

• Swakopmund (Namibia)

• Seixal (Portugal)

• Sangano (Angola)

• Praia (Cape Verde)

• Point Noire (Congo)

• Muanda (Democratic Republic of

• Lome (Togo)

Congo) • Limbe (Cameroon)

• El Goro (Spain) • Abidjan (Ivory Coast)

• Lagos (Nigeria) • Accra (Ghana)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Initial Capacity (Tbps) Design Capacity (Tbps) Fiber Pairs Wavelengths per Fiber Pair Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps) Owners

System Supplier Upgrader Upgrade Year Upgrade Capacity (Gbps) Region

2012 2037 $600,000,000 14,350 5.12 14.5 4 32 100 Broadband Infraco, C&W, Congo Telecom, MTN Group, Office Congolais de Poste et Telecommunication, TATA Communications, Telecom Namibia, Telekom SA, Togo Telecom, Vodacom Huawei Marine Huawei Marine 2015 100 EMEA

Page 288 of 290 pages


WARF

Landing Points • Male (India)

WARF • Cochin (India)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Owners System Installer Region

2007 2032 $20,000,000 680 WARF Telecom International Alcatel Submarine Networks Indian Ocean Pan-East Asian

Page 289 of 290 pages


Western Visayas-Palawan

Landing Points • Taytay (Philippines)

WESTERN VISAYAS-PALAWAN • San Jose (Philippines)

RFS Year EOS Year System Cost (USD) Length (km) Owners Region

2014 2039 $20,000,000 300 PLDT AustralAsia

Page 290 of 290 pages

Submarine Cable Almanac Issue 26  

Since the last issue, we have updated over half of the systems listed with substantive changes and modernized every single system map with n...

Submarine Cable Almanac Issue 26  

Since the last issue, we have updated over half of the systems listed with substantive changes and modernized every single system map with n...