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SUBMARINE CABLE ALMANAC

Sponsored By

ISSUE 33 // February 2020


FOREWORD Welcome to the thirty-third edition of the Submarine Cable Almanac. Firstly, I'd like to thank SEACOM for their Exclusive Sponsorship of this invaluable reference document. Please take a moment to visit their website - https://seacom.com/ - and check out what they've been working on. Since the last issue, we have added ten new systems and updated an additional ninety-six. You may also notice more of our continuous updates to this publication. Our analysts’ and database engineers’ R&D efforts are ongoing and aim to provide new tools and approaches for each SubTel publication. With each issue we plan to bring new data and techniques to you, our loyal readers. The data provided in this document is, as it ever has been, from the public domain and/or directly supplied by owners and suppliers. If you see a system that needs updating or know of an upcoming system that needs to be represented, please feel free to contact us directly at kclark@subtelforum.com. I would like to thank our sponsors and supporters, without you this document and the others like it would not be possible! Good reading, Kristian Nielsen Vice President


METHODOLOGY SubTel Forum’s Submarine Cable Almanac was produced by the analysts at Subtel Forum Analytics, which is a Division of Submarine Telecoms Forum, Inc., and provides submarine cable system analysis for SubTel Forum’s Submarine Cable Almanac, Cable Map, Industry Report and Industry Newsfeed. SubTel Forum Analytics utilizes its proprietary Submarine Cable Database, which was initially developed in 2013 and modified with real-time data thereafter, and tracks some 400+ current, planned and out of service domestic and international cable systems, including project information suitable for querying by client, year, project, region, system length, capacity, landing points, owners, installers, etc. The Submarine Cable Database is purpose-built by SubTel Forum Analytics’ database administration team, which is powered by SQL and retained on a Microsoft Azure platform. Maps are produced with ArcGIS Pro, in the same format and visual style as SubTel Forum's Submarine Cables of the World print map. Data is collected from the public domain, and is the most accurate, comprehensive, and centralized source of information in the industry. At present, SubTel Forum Analytics’ Submarine Cable Database is chronicling the work of some 18 financiers, 477 cable owners, 22 system suppliers, 12 upgraders, 15 system surveyors and 25 system installers. In addition, it manages data for some 360+ projects, across 7 regions and 840+ landing points. To accomplish the quarterly Submarine Cable Almanac in line with SubTel Forum requirements, SubTel Forum Analytics conducted continuous data gathering throughout the year. Data assimilation and consolidation in its Submarine Cable Database was accomplished in parallel with data gathering efforts. SubTel Forum Analytics assumes no responsibility or liability for any errors or omissions in the content of this report. The information contained in this report is provided on an “as is” basis with no guarantees of completeness, accuracy, usefulness or timeliness. Below is a list of defined acronyms and terminology used in this document: Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps) – The capacity of individual wavelengths, express in gigabits per second Design Capacity (Tbps) – The maximum capacity available on a cable system, expressed in terabits per second EOS – End of Service, the year a cable system is expected to reach end of life Fiber Pairs – The number of fiber pairs in the cable system Landing Points – The cities where a cable system comes ashore Length (km) – The total length of the cable system, in kilometers Owners – The names of all reported companies reported as owning a stake in the cable system Region – Which of the six regions (Americas, AustralAsia, EMEA, Indian Ocean Pan-East Asian, Transatlantic, Transpacific) the cable system is in RFS – Ready for Service, the year a cable system entered service System Cost (USD) – The cost for the cable system project in US dollars System Installer – The names of all reported companies that installed the cable system System Supplier – The names of all reported companies that supplied the cable system Upgrader — The names of all reported companies that have performed a cable system upgrade Upgrade Capacity (Gbps) – The wavelength capacity a systm was upgraded to Upgrade Year – The years a cable system received an upgrade Wavelengths per Fiber Pairs – The number of wavelengths/channels on a single fiber pair


TABLE OF CONTENTS AAE-1 ......................................................................................

10

BCS East .................................................................................. 59

AAG ........................................................................................

11

BCS East-West Interlink ...........................................................

60

AC-1 ........................................................................................

12

BCS North ...............................................................................

61

AC-2 ........................................................................................

13

BDM ........................................................................................

62

ACE .........................................................................................

14

Bharat-Lanka ............................................................................ 63

ADONES .................................................................................

15

BICS ........................................................................................

64

ADRIA-1 ..................................................................................

16

BIOS / Jonah ...........................................................................

65

AEC-1 ......................................................................................

17

BKK Digitek .............................................................................

66

AJC .........................................................................................

18

BLAST .....................................................................................

67

Akorn ......................................................................................

19

BlueMed ..................................................................................

68

Alasia ......................................................................................

20

Boracay-Palawan ...................................................................... 69

Alaska United East ...................................................................

21

Botnia ......................................................................................

70

Alaska United West .................................................................. 22

BP GoM ...................................................................................

71

ALBA-1 ....................................................................................

23

BRCS .......................................................................................

72

Aletar ......................................................................................

24

BRUSA .....................................................................................

73

Alexandros ..............................................................................

25

BSCS .......................................................................................

74

Alonso De Ojeda .....................................................................

26

BSFOCS ..................................................................................

75

Alpal-2 ..................................................................................... 27

BtoBE ......................................................................................

76

Americas I North ...................................................................... 28

Cadmos ...................................................................................

77

Americas I South ...................................................................... 29

Canalink ..................................................................................

78

Americas II ............................................................................... 30

CANI .......................................................................................

79

Amerigo Vespucci .................................................................... 31

CanTaT-3 .................................................................................

80

AMX-1 .....................................................................................

32

Caucasus Cable System ...........................................................

81

Antel .......................................................................................

33

CB-1 ........................................................................................

82

Antilles Crossing ......................................................................

34

C-BUS ...................................................................................... 83

APCN-2 ...................................................................................

35

Ceiba-2 ...................................................................................

84

APG ......................................................................................... 36

Celtic Norse ............................................................................

85

Aphrodite 2 .............................................................................

37

CeltixConnect ..........................................................................

86

APNG-2 ...................................................................................

38

CFX-1 ......................................................................................

87

Apollo .....................................................................................

39

CIOS .......................................................................................

88

ARBR .......................................................................................

40

CJFS ........................................................................................

89

Arcos-1 ....................................................................................

41

C-Lion 1 ................................................................................... 90

Arctic Connect ......................................................................... 42

Columbus II .............................................................................

91

ASC .........................................................................................

43

Columbus III ............................................................................

92

ASE .........................................................................................

44

Concerto-1 ..............................................................................

93

ASH .........................................................................................

45

Coral Sea .................................................................................

94

Athena ..................................................................................... 46

Corfu-Bar .................................................................................

95

ATISA ......................................................................................

47

Crosslake Fibre ........................................................................

96

Atlantis-2 .................................................................................

48

Curie .......................................................................................

97

Atlas Offshore .........................................................................

49

Danica North ...........................................................................

98

AU-Aleutian .............................................................................

50

Danica South ...........................................................................

99

Austral .....................................................................................

51

Danice ..................................................................................... 100

Bahamas-2 ...............................................................................

52

DARE1 ..................................................................................... 101

Baltica .....................................................................................

53

DDSCN .................................................................................... 102

BAR-SAV .................................................................................. 54

Denmark-Norway 5 .................................................................. 103

Bass Strait 1 .............................................................................

55

Denmark-Norway 6 .................................................................. 104

Bass Strait 2 .............................................................................

56

Denmark-Poland 2 ................................................................... 105

Basslink ...................................................................................

57

Didon ...................................................................................... 106

BBG ......................................................................................... 58

DMCS ...................................................................................... 107


TABLE OF CONTENTS Dunant .................................................................................... 108

Hawk Cable System ................................................................. 157

EAC-C2C ................................................................................. 109

HKA ......................................................................................... 158

EASSy ...................................................................................... 110

HK-G ....................................................................................... 159

Eastern Light ........................................................................... 111

Honotua .................................................................................. 160

East-West ................................................................................ 112

HSCS ....................................................................................... 161

EAUFON ................................................................................. 113

Hugo ....................................................................................... 162

ECFS ....................................................................................... 114

i2i ............................................................................................ 163

ECLink ..................................................................................... 115

IAX .......................................................................................... 164

EIG .......................................................................................... 116

ICN1 ........................................................................................ 165

EllaLink .................................................................................... 117

IEX .......................................................................................... 166

Endeavour ............................................................................... 118

IFC-1 ....................................................................................... 167

Englandcable ........................................................................... 119

IG-1 ......................................................................................... 168

Equiano ................................................................................... 120

I-ME-WE .................................................................................. 169

Estepona-Tetouan ................................................................... 121

Indigo Central ......................................................................... 170

Estrecho de Magallanes ........................................................... 122

Indigo West ............................................................................. 171

Europa ..................................................................................... 123

IOX .......................................................................................... 172

FA-1 North/South .................................................................... 124

Italy-Albania ............................................................................ 173

Falcon ..................................................................................... 125

Italy-Greece ............................................................................. 174

Far East ................................................................................... 126

Italy-Libya ................................................................................ 175

Farice-1 ................................................................................... 127

Italy-Monaco ............................................................................ 176

Farland .................................................................................... 128

JaKa2DeLeMa ......................................................................... 177

Faster ...................................................................................... 129

JAKABARE .............................................................................. 178

Fehmarn Belt ........................................................................... 130

Japan-US ................................................................................. 179

FibraLink .................................................................................. 131

Jasuka ..................................................................................... 180

FLAG Europe-Asia ................................................................... 132

JGA North ............................................................................... 181

Flores-Corvo ............................................................................ 133

JGA South ............................................................................... 182

FOG ........................................................................................ 134

Junior ...................................................................................... 183

Galapagos Subsea System ....................................................... 135

Jupiter ..................................................................................... 184

GBICS ..................................................................................... 136

KAFOS .................................................................................... 185

GCN ........................................................................................ 137

Kanawa .................................................................................... 186

Gemini Bermuda ...................................................................... 138

Katittuq Nunavut ..................................................................... 187

Georgia-Russia ........................................................................ 139

Kattegat-2 ............................................................................... 188

GLO-1 ..................................................................................... 140

Keltra-2 ................................................................................... 189

GlobeNet ................................................................................ 141

KJCN ....................................................................................... 190

GO-1 ....................................................................................... 142

Kodiak Kenai ........................................................................... 191

GOKI ....................................................................................... 143

Kuwait-Iran .............................................................................. 192

Gondwana-1 ............................................................................ 144

LEV .......................................................................................... 193

Greenland Connect ................................................................. 145

LION ....................................................................................... 194

Greenland Connect North ....................................................... 146

LION-2 .................................................................................... 195

GTT Express ............................................................................ 147

MAC ........................................................................................ 196

GTT North/South ..................................................................... 148

MainOne ................................................................................. 197

Guantรกnamo Bay Cable ........................................................... 149

Malbec .................................................................................... 198

Guantรกnamo Bay Cable 2 ........................................................ 150

Manatua One ........................................................................... 199

GWEN ..................................................................................... 151

MAREA .................................................................................... 200

H2 Cable ................................................................................. 152

MARS ...................................................................................... 201

Hannibal .................................................................................. 153

Matrix ...................................................................................... 202

Hantru-1 .................................................................................. 154

MAYA-1 ................................................................................... 203

HAVFRUE/AEC-2 ..................................................................... 155

MBDC ..................................................................................... 204

Hawaiki .................................................................................... 156

MCT ........................................................................................ 205


TABLE OF CONTENTS Med Cable Network ................................................................ 206

Scotland-Orkney-Shetland ....................................................... 255

MedNautilus ............................................................................ 207

Seabras-1 ................................................................................ 256

Melita-1 ................................................................................... 208

SEACOM ..................................................................................... 257

MENA ..................................................................................... 209

SEAK ....................................................................................... 258

METISS .................................................................................... 210

SEA-ME-WE 3 .......................................................................... 259

MIC-1 ...................................................................................... 211

SEA-ME-WE 4 .......................................................................... 260

Minerva ................................................................................... 212

SEA-ME-WE 5 .......................................................................... 261

MIST ........................................................................................ 213

SEA-US .................................................................................... 262

MKCS ...................................................................................... 214

SEAX-1 .................................................................................... 263

Monet ...................................................................................... 215

SG-SCS .................................................................................... 264

NATITUA ................................................................................. 216

Shefa 2 .................................................................................... 265

NCP ......................................................................................... 217

SIGMAR ................................................................................... 266

NCSCS .................................................................................... 218

Silphium .................................................................................. 267

NEPTUNE Canada ................................................................... 219

SJC .......................................................................................... 268

New Pacific .............................................................................. 220

SJC2 ........................................................................................ 269

Norsea Com-1 ......................................................................... 221

SkagenFiber ............................................................................ 270

North Sea Connect .................................................................. 222

SKR1M ..................................................................................... 271

Northstar ................................................................................. 223

SMPCS .................................................................................... 272

OAC ........................................................................................ 224

SMPR-1 .................................................................................... 273

Okinawa Cellular Cable ............................................................ 225

Solas ........................................................................................ 274

Orient Express ......................................................................... 226

Southern Cross ........................................................................ 275

Orval ....................................................................................... 227

Southern Cross NEXT .............................................................. 276

PAC ......................................................................................... 228

Svalbard .................................................................................. 277

PAN-AM .................................................................................. 229

Sweden-Latvia ......................................................................... 278

Pangea .................................................................................... 230

SxS .......................................................................................... 279

Paniolo .................................................................................... 231

TampNet ................................................................................. 280

PC-1 ........................................................................................ 232

Tangerine ................................................................................ 281

PCCS ....................................................................................... 233

Tannat ..................................................................................... 282

PEACE ..................................................................................... 234

Tannat Extension ..................................................................... 283

PEC ......................................................................................... 235

Tasman Global Access ............................................................. 284

PLCN ....................................................................................... 236

TAT 14 ..................................................................................... 285

PPC-1 ...................................................................................... 237

TE North .................................................................................. 286

Project Koete ........................................................................... 238

TEAMS .................................................................................... 287

Qatar-UAE ............................................................................... 239

TEAS ....................................................................................... 288

Quintillion Subsea ................................................................... 240

TGN Atlantic ........................................................................... 289

RJCN ....................................................................................... 241

TGN Eurasia ............................................................................ 290

RNAL ....................................................................................... 242

TGN Gulf ................................................................................. 291

SAC ......................................................................................... 243

TGN Intra-Asia ......................................................................... 292

SACS ....................................................................................... 244

TGN Northern Europe ............................................................. 293

SAEx1 ...................................................................................... 245

TGN Pacific ............................................................................. 294

SAEx2 ...................................................................................... 246

TGN Western Europe .............................................................. 295

SAFE ....................................................................................... 247

TGN-TIC .................................................................................. 296

SAIL ......................................................................................... 248

TIS ........................................................................................... 297

SAM-1 ..................................................................................... 249

Tobruk-Emased ....................................................................... 298

SAPL ........................................................................................ 250

TPE .......................................................................................... 299

SAS-1 ...................................................................................... 251

TPN ......................................................................................... 300

SAT-3 ...................................................................................... 252

TSE-1 ....................................................................................... 301

SCAN ...................................................................................... 253

Tui Samoa ............................................................................... 302

SCF ......................................................................................... 254

TWA-1 ..................................................................................... 303


TABLE OF CONTENTS Ugarit ...................................................................................... 304

0

Unisur ...................................................................................... 305

0

Unity ........................................................................................ 306

0

VMSCS .................................................................................... 307

0

WACS ...................................................................................... 308

0

WALL-LI ................................................................................... 309

0

WARF ...................................................................................... 310

0

Western Visayas-Palawan ......................................................... 311

0


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AAE-1

ASIA AFRICA EUROPE System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

2017

• Karachi (Pakistan)

• Aden (Yemen)

EOS Year

2042

• Al Bustan (Oman)

• Bari (Italy)

Est. System Cost (USD)

$800,000,000

• Hong Kong (Hong Kong)

• Chania (Greece)

Length (km)

25,000

• Djibouti City (Djibouti)

• Doha (Qatar)

Design Capacity (Tbps)

80

• Abu Talat (Egypt)

• Jeddah (Saudi Arabia)

Fiber Pairs

5

• Zafarana (Egypt)

• Kuala Kurau (Malaysia)

Wavelengths per Fiber Pair

80

• Marseille (France)

• Mumbai (India)

Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps)

200

• Ngwe Saung (Myanmar)

• Satun (Thailand)

• Sihanoukville (Cambodia)

• Songkhla (Thailand)

Owners

China Unicom, CIL, Djibouti Telecom, Etisalat, GT5L, HKT (PCCW Global), Mobily, Omantel, Ooredoo, OTE, PTCL, Reliance Jio, Retelit, Telecom Yemen, TOT Public Co Ltd., Viettel

• Vung Tau (Vietnam)

• Fujairah (United Arab Emirates)

System Supplier

NEC, TE SubCom

System Installer

TE SubCom

Upgrade Year

2018

Upgrade Capacity (Gbps)

200

View industry news related to this cable system

Page 10


AAG

ASIA-AMERICA GATEWAY System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

2009

• Mersing (Malaysia)

• Keawaula (United States)

EOS Year

2034

• Changi (Singapore)

• Lantau (Hong Kong)

Est. System Cost (USD)

$500,000,000

• La Union (Philippines)

• Sri Racha (Thailand)

Length (km)

20,547

• Tanguisson (Guam)

• Vung Tau (Vietnam)

Design Capacity (Tbps)

28.8

• Grover Beach (United States)

• Tungku (Brunei)

Fiber Pairs

3

Wavelengths per Fiber Pair

96

Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps)

100

View industry news related to this cable system

Page 11


AC-1

ATLANTIC CROSSING 1 System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

1999

• Westerland (Germany)

• Brookhaven (United States)

EOS Year

2024

• Whitesands Bay (United

• Beverwijk (Netherlands)

Est. System Cost (USD)

$875,000,000

Length (km)

13,377

Design Capacity (Tbps)

5.2

Fiber Pairs

4

Owners

CenturyLink

System Supplier

Tyco Telecommunications SSI

System Installer

Tyco Telecommunications SSI

Upgrader

Xtera

Upgrade Year

2010

Upgrade Capacity (Gbps)

20

Region

Transatlantic

Contact Email

Andy.Pitman@centurylink.co m

View industry news related to this cable system

Kingdom)

Page 12


AC-2

ATLANTIC CROSSING 2 System Details RFS Year

2000

EOS Year

2025

Est. System Cost (USD)

$700,000,000

Length (km)

6,185

Design Capacity (Tbps)

5.2

Owners

CenturyLink

Upgrader

Infinera

Upgrade Year

2010

Upgrade Capacity (Gbps)

10

Region

Transatlantic

Contact Email

Andy.Pitman@centurylink.co m

View industry news related to this cable system

Landing Points • Widemouth Bay (United

• Bellport (United States)

Kingdom)

Page 13


ACE

AFRICA COAST TO EUROPE System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

2012

• Libreville (Gabon)

• Abidjan (Ivory Coast)

EOS Year

2037

• Banjul (Gambia)

• Bata (Equatorial Guinea)

Est. System Cost (USD)

$700,000,000

• Carcavelos (Portugal)

• Conakry (Guinea)

Length (km)

17,000

• Cotonou (Benin)

• Dakar (Senegal)

Design Capacity (Tbps)

12.8

• Duynefontein (South Africa)

• Accra (Ghana)

Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps)

100

• Lagos (Nigeria)

• Freetown (Sierra Leone)

• Luanda (Angola)

• Monrovia (Liberia)

• Muanda (Democratic Republic

• Nouakchott (Mauritania)

of Congo)

View industry news related to this cable system

• Penmarch (France)

• Santana (São Tomé and Príncipe)

• Suro (Guinea-Bissau)

• Swakopmund (Namibia)

• Tenerife (Spain)

• Kribi (Cameroon)

Page 14


ADONES

ANGOLA DOMESTIC NETWORK SYSTEM System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

2009

• Soyo (Angola)

• Cabinda (Angola)

EOS Year

2034

• Luanda (Angola)

• Lucira (Angola)

Est. System Cost (USD)

$35,000,000

• Namibe (Angola)

• Porto Amboim (Angola)

Length (km)

1,800

• Benguela (Angola)

• N'zeto (Angola)

Design Capacity (Tbps)

0.08

Owners

Angola Telecom

System Supplier

Ericsson

System Installer

Elettra

Region

EMEA

Contact Email

javelino@angolatelecom.co m

View industry news related to this cable system

Page 15


ADRIA-1

ADRIA-1 System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

2000

• Durres (Albania)

EOS Year

2025

• Corfu (Greece)

Est. System Cost (USD)

$13,400,000

Length (km)

430

Design Capacity (Tbps)

0.000622

Owners

OTE

System Installer

Alcatel Submarine Networks

Region

EMEA

Contact Email

Panagiota.Bosdogianni@ote globe.gr

View industry news related to this cable system

• Dubrovnik (Croatia)

Page 16


AEC-1

AMERICA EUROPE CONNECT 1 System Details RFS Year

2016

EOS Year

2041

Est. System Cost (USD)

$300,000,000

Length (km)

5,536

Design Capacity (Tbps)

78

Fiber Pairs

6

Wavelengths per Fiber Pair

130

Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps)

100

Owners

AquaComms

System Supplier

TE SubCom

Region

Transatlantic

Contact Email

ereihill@aquacomms.com

View industry news related to this cable system

Landing Points • Killala (Ireland)

• Shirley (United States)

Page 17


AJC

AUSTRALIA-JAPAN CABLE System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

2001

• Tanguisson (Guam)

• Oxford Falls (Australia)

EOS Year

2026

• Maruyama (Japan)

• Tumon (Guam)

Est. System Cost (USD)

$520,000,000

• Shima (Japan)

• Sydney (Australia)

Length (km)

12,224

Design Capacity (Tbps)

25.6

Fiber Pairs

4

Wavelengths per Fiber Pair

64

Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps)

100

Owners

Australia Japan Cable Limited, Communications Global Network Services Limited, KDD, SoftBank Telecom Corporation, Telstra Holdings No. 1 Limited, Worldcom Global Networks Limited

System Supplier

Ocean Cable Company, Tyco Telecommunications

System Installer

FCR, KDD, Tyco Telecommunications

View industry news related to this cable system

Page 18


Akorn

AKORN System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

2009

• Homer (United States)

• Nikiski (United States)

EOS Year

2034

• Florence (United States)

• Anchorage (United States)

Est. System Cost (USD)

$100,000,000

Length (km)

2,968

Design Capacity (Tbps)

0.01

Fiber Pairs

4

Owners

Alaska Communications Systems

System Supplier

Tyco Telecommunications

System Installer

Tyco Telecommunications

Region

Americas

Contact Email

Paula.Dobbyn@acsalaska.co m

View industry news related to this cable system

Page 19


Alasia

ALASIA System Details RFS Year

2012

EOS Year

2037

Est. System Cost (USD)

$15,000,000

Length (km)

350

Design Capacity (Tbps)

25.6

Fiber Pairs

8

Wavelengths per Fiber Pair

40

Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps)

40

Owners

Cyprus Telecommunications Authority, Syrian Telecommunications Authority

Region

EMEA

Contact Email

loizos.economides@cyta.co m.cy

View industry news related to this cable system

Landing Points • Tartus (Syria)

• Pentaskhinos (Cyprus)

Page 20


Alaska United East

ALASKA UNITED EAST System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

1999

• Valdez (United States)

• Juneau (United States)

EOS Year

2024

• Harbor Pointe (United States)

• Whittier (United States)

Est. System Cost (USD)

$100,000,000

Length (km)

3,751

Design Capacity (Tbps)

0.01

Fiber Pairs

2

Owners

GCI

Region

Americas

Contact Email

dwestlund@gci.com

View industry news related to this cable system

Page 21


Alaska United West

ALASKA UNITED WEST System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

2004

• Warrenton (United States)

EOS Year

2029

• Whittier (United States)

Est. System Cost (USD)

$30,000,000

Length (km)

2,483

Design Capacity (Tbps)

0.64

Fiber Pairs

4

Owners

GCI

System Supplier

NEC, OCC

System Installer

Global Marine Systems Limited

Region

Americas

Contact Email

dwestlund@gci.com

View industry news related to this cable system

• Ketchikan (United States)

Page 22


ALBA-1

ALBA-1 System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

2013

• Siboney (Cuba)

• Santiago De Cuba (Cuba)

EOS Year

2038

• Ocho Rios (Jamaica)

• Camuri (Venezuela)

Est. System Cost (USD)

$72,000,000

Length (km)

1,600

Design Capacity (Tbps)

5.12

Owners

Telecom Venezeula, Transbit SA

System Installer

Alcatel-Lucent Shanghai Bell, Telecomunicaciones Gran Caribe

Region

Americas

View industry news related to this cable system

Page 23


Aletar

ALETAR System Details RFS Year

1997

EOS Year

2022

Est. System Cost (USD)

$23,000,000

Length (km)

733

Design Capacity (Tbps)

0.005

Fiber Pairs

1

Owners

Lebanese Ministry of Telecommunications, Syrian Telecom

System Installer

Alcatel Submarine Networks, FCR

Region

EMEA

Contact Email

mohamed.saro@telecomegy pt.com.eg

View industry news related to this cable system

Landing Points • Tartus (Syria)

• Alexandria (Egypt)

Page 24


Alexandros

ALEXANDROS System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

2010

• Alexandria (Egypt)

EOS Year

2035

• Pentaskhinos (Cyprus)

Length (km)

3,500

Design Capacity (Tbps)

10

Owners

Cyprus Telecommunications Authority

Region

EMEA

Contact Email

loizos.economides@cyta.co m.cy

View industry news related to this cable system

• Marseille (France)

Page 25


Alonso De Ojeda

ALONSO DE OJEDA System Details RFS Year

1999

EOS Year

2024

Est. System Cost (USD)

$8,700,000

Length (km)

128

Design Capacity (Tbps)

0.1

Owners

Antelecom NV, Setar

System Supplier

IT International Telecom

System Installer

Alcatel Submarine Networks, IT International Telecom

Region

Americas

Contact Email

ricky.croes@setar.aw

View industry news related to this cable system

Landing Points • Oranjestad (Aruba)

• Willemstad (Netherlands Antilles)

Page 26


Alpal-2

ALPAL-2 System Details RFS Year

2002

EOS Year

2027

Est. System Cost (USD)

$17,600,000

Length (km)

312

Design Capacity (Tbps)

0.16

Fiber Pairs

4

Owners

APT, France Telecom, Telxius

System Supplier

Pirelli

System Installer

Global Marine Systems Limited

Region

EMEA

Contact Email

carine.romanetti@orange.co m

View industry news related to this cable system

Landing Points • Ses Covetes (Majorca)

• El Djemila (Algeria)

Page 27


Americas I North

AMERICAS I NORTH System Details RFS Year

1994

EOS Year

2019

Est. System Cost (USD)

$220,000,000

Length (km)

2,013

Design Capacity (Tbps)

0.32

Owners

AT&T Inc., CANTV, Embratel, TSTT

System Supplier

AT&T Submarine System, Inc.

System Installer

AT&T Submarine System, Inc.

Upgrader

Xtera

Upgrade Year

2010

Upgrade Capacity (Gbps)

20

Region

Americas

Contact Email

eh1979@att.com

View industry news related to this cable system

Landing Points • Magen's Bay (Virgin Islands)

• Vero Beach (United States)

Page 28


Americas I South

AMERICAS I SOUTH System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

1994

• Magen's Bay (Virgin Islands)

• Camuri (Venezuela)

EOS Year

2019

• Macqueripe (Trinidad)

• Fortaleza (Brazil)

Length (km)

6,014

Design Capacity (Tbps)

0.00056

Owners

AARNet, AT&T Inc., Cable & Wireless, CANTV, Embratel, TSTT

System Supplier

AT&T Submarine System, Inc.

System Installer

Alcatel Submarine Networks, AT&T Submarine System, Inc., Cable & Wireless

Region

Americas

Contact Email

eh1979@att.com

View industry news related to this cable system

Page 29


Americas II

AMERICAS II System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

2000

• Willemstad (Netherlands Antilles)

• Saint Croix (United States)

EOS Year

2025

• Miramar (Puerto Rico)

• La Lamentin (France)

Est. System Cost (USD)

$350,000,000

• Hollywood (United States)

• Fortaleza (Brazil)

Length (km)

8,373

• Chaguaramas (Trinidad)

• Cayenne (French Guiana)

Design Capacity (Tbps)

10

• Camuri (Venezuela)

Fiber Pairs

12

Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps)

40

Owners

Antelecom NV, AT&T Inc., Brazil Telecom, CANTV, Embratel, France Telecom, GT&T, Sprint, Telecom Italia, Telesur, Telintar, Telxius, Trescom Int., TSTT, Verizon

System Supplier

ASN Australia, Tyco Telecommunications, Tyco Telecommunications SSI

System Installer

Tyco Telecommunications, Tyco Telecommunications SSI

Region

Americas

View industry news related to this cable system

Page 30


Amerigo Vespucci

AMERIGO VESPUCCI System Details RFS Year

1999

EOS Year

2024

Est. System Cost (USD)

$15,000,000

Length (km)

84

Region

Americas

View industry news related to this cable system

Landing Points • Curaçao (Curaçao)

• Bonaire (Netherlands)

Page 31


AMX-1

AMERICA MOVIL SUBMARINE CABLE SYSTEM-1 System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

2014

• Hollywood (United States)

• Cancun (Mexico)

EOS Year

2039

• Puerto Plata (Dominican

• Rio de Janeiro (Brazil)

Est. System Cost (USD)

$700,000,000

Length (km)

17,800

Design Capacity (Tbps)

50

Wavelengths per Fiber Pair

100

Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps)

100

Owners

America Movil

Region

Americas

Contact Email

gponsdevier@claro.com.pe

View industry news related to this cable system

Republic)

• Salvador (Brazil)

• Fortaleza (Brazil)

• Cartagena (Colombia)

• Barranquilla (Colombia)

• Puerto Barrios (Guatemala)

• San Juan (Puerto Rico)

• Jacksonville (United States)

Page 32


Antel

ANTEL System Details RFS Year

2010

EOS Year

2035

Est. System Cost (USD)

$15,000,000

Length (km)

250

Design Capacity (Tbps)

3.84

Owners

Antel, Telecom Argentina

System Supplier

IT International Telecom

System Installer

IT International Telecom

Region

Americas

Contact Email

onovoa@antel.com.uy

View industry news related to this cable system

Landing Points • Maldonado (Uruguay)

• Las Toninas (Argentina)

Page 33


Antilles Crossing

ANTILLES CROSSING System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

2006

• Bridgetown (Barbados)

EOS Year

2031

• Ham's Bluff (Virgin Islands)

Length (km)

952

Design Capacity (Tbps)

0.16

Owners

Antilles Crossing, Barbados Light & Power, Leucadia, Telebarbados

System Supplier

Tyco Telecommunications SSI

System Installer

Tyco Telecommunications SSI

Upgrader

Ciena

Upgrade Year

2013

Upgrade Capacity (Gbps)

40

Region

Americas

View industry news related to this cable system

• Port Castries (Saint Lucia)

Page 34


APCN-2

ASIA-PACIFIC CABLE NETWORK 2 System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

2002

• Lantau (Hong Kong)

• Batangas (Philippines)

EOS Year

2027

• Chikura (Japan)

• Chongming (China)

Est. System Cost (USD)

$1,100,000,000

• Katong (Singapore)

• Kuantan (Malaysia)

Length (km)

19,000

• Busan (South Korea)

• Shantou (China)

Design Capacity (Tbps)

25.6

• Tanshui (Taiwan)

• Kitaibaraki (Japan)

Fiber Pairs

4

Wavelengths per Fiber Pair

64

Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps)

100

Owners

China Telecom Corporation, Chunghwa Telecom International, CTM, France Telecom, PLDT, Reach NHK, Telekom Malaysia Berhad

System Supplier

Ocean Cable Company

System Installer

Global Marine Systems Limited, Telekom Malaysia Berhad

Upgrader

NEC, NEC

View industry news related to this cable system

Page 35


APG

ASIA PACIFIC GATEWAY System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

2016

• Maruyama (Japan)

• Chongming (China)

EOS Year

2041

• Da Nang (Vietnam)

• Kuantan (Malaysia)

Est. System Cost (USD)

$313,000,000

• Tseung Kwan O (Hong Kong)

• Songkhla (Thailand)

Length (km)

10,400

• Shima (Japan)

• Nanhui District (China)

Design Capacity (Tbps)

54

• Toucheng (Taiwan)

• Tanah Merah (Singapore)

Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps)

100

• Busan (South Korea)

Owners

China Telecom Corporation, China Unicom, Chunghwa Telecom International, Facebook, FPT Corp., PLDT, StarHub, Telekom Malaysia Berhad, TIME dotCom Berhad, VNPT

System Installer

S.B. Submarine Systems, Telekom Malaysia Berhad

Region

AustralAsia

Contact Email

gcsanchez@pldt.com.ph

View industry news related to this cable system

Page 36


Aphrodite 2

APHRODITE 2 System Details RFS Year

1994

EOS Year

2019

Est. System Cost (USD)

$30,000,000

Length (km)

868

Design Capacity (Tbps)

0.00112

Owners

Belgacom, British Telecommunications PLC, Cyprus Telecommunications Authority, France Telecom, OTE, Sprint, Verizon

System Installer

Alcatel Submarine Networks

Region

EMEA

Contact Email

loizos.economides@cyta.co m.cy

View industry news related to this cable system

Landing Points • Yeroskipos (Cyprus)

• Chania (Greece)

Page 37


APNG-2

AUSTRALIA PAPUA NEW GUINEA 2 System Details RFS Year

2006

EOS Year

2031

Est. System Cost (USD)

$11,000,000

Length (km)

3,400

Design Capacity (Tbps)

0.00112

Fiber Pairs

2

Owners

Telikom PNG, Telstra

System Installer

Alcatel Submarine Networks

Region

AustralAsia

Contact Email

Andy.Lumsden@team.telstra .com

View industry news related to this cable system

Landing Points • Port Moresby (Papua New

• Sydney (Australia)

Guinea)

Page 38


Apollo

APOLLO System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

2003

• Lannion (France)

• Brookhaven (United States)

EOS Year

2028

• Manasquan (United States)

• Widemouth Bay (United

Est. System Cost (USD)

$350,000,000

Length (km)

12,700

Design Capacity (Tbps)

64

Fiber Pairs

4

Wavelengths per Fiber Pair

80

Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps)

100

Owners

Alcatel, Apollo SCS Limited, C&W

System Supplier

Alcatel

System Installer

Alcatel Submarine Networks

Upgrader

Alcatel-Lucent Submarine Networks, Alcatel-Lucent Submarine Networks

Upgrade Year

2012, 2014

Upgrade Capacity (Gbps)

40, 40

Region

Transatlantic

View industry news related to this cable system

Kingdom)

Page 39


ARBR

PROJECT COMPLETION PHASES Pre-Engineering

Survey

System Manufacture

System Installation

Commissioning & Acceptance

ARBR System Details RFS Year

2021

EOS Year

2046

Est. System Cost (USD)

$20,000,000

Length (km)

2,700

Design Capacity (Tbps)

48

Fiber Pairs

4

Owners

Seabras Group, Werthein Grupo

System Supplier

Xtera

Region

Americas

Contact Email

info@seabornnetworks.com

View industry news related to this cable system

Landing Points • Las Toninas (Argentina)

• Praia Grande (Brazil)

Page 40


Arcos-1

ARCOS-1 System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

2001

• San Juan (Puerto Rico)

• Puerto Lempira (Honduras)

EOS Year

2026

• Puerto Limon (Costa Rica)

• Puerto Plata (Dominican

Est. System Cost (USD)

$250,000,000

Length (km)

8,700

Design Capacity (Tbps)

8.4

Fiber Pairs

12

Owners

Alestra, Axtel, BTC, BTL, C&W Networks, CANTV, Codetel, Enitel, Hondutel, ICE, Impsat, Internexa, Orbinet SA, Racsa, Telecarrier, Tricom, Ultracom, UTS, Verizon

System Supplier

NSW, Tyco Telecommunications

System Installer

Tyco Telecommunications

Upgrader

Xtera, Xtera

Upgrade Year

2008, 2016

Upgrade Capacity (Gbps)

40, 40

Region

Americas

Contact Email

dwatersnwn@aol.com

View industry news related to this cable system

Republic)

• Punta Cana (Dominican

• Riohacha (Colombia)

Republic)

• Punto Fijo (Venezuela)

• Trojillo (Honduras)

• Ustupo (Panama)

• Puerto Cortes (Honduras)

• Willemstad (Netherlands Antilles)

• Cat Island (Bahamas)

• Cancun (Mexico)

• Bluefields (Nicaragua)

• Cartagena (Colombia)

• Crooked Island (Bahamas)

• Hollywood (United States)

• Puerto Cabezas (Nicuragua)

• Ladyville (Belize)

• Maria Chiquita (Panama)

• Nassau (The Bahamas)

• Providenciales (Turks and Caicos Islands)

• Puerto Barrios (Guatemala)

• Tulum (Mexico)

Page 41


Arctic Connect

PROJECT COMPLETION PHASES Pre-Engineering

Survey

System Manufacture

System Installation

Commissioning & Acceptance

ARCTIC CONNECT NORTHEAST PASSAGE System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

2023

• (China)

• (Japan)

EOS Year

2048

• (Russia)

• (Norway)

Est. System Cost (USD)

$500,000,000

Length (km)

10,500

Design Capacity (Tbps)

30

Fiber Pairs

6

Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps)

100

Owners

Cinia Oy

Region

Arctic

Contact Email

eeva.liljanto@cinia.fi

View industry news related to this cable system

Page 42


ASC

AUSTRALIA-SINGAPORE CABLE System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

2018

• Anyer (Indonesia)

EOS Year

2043

• Perth (Australia)

Est. System Cost (USD)

$170,000,000

Length (km)

4,600

Design Capacity (Tbps)

60

Fiber Pairs

4

Wavelengths per Fiber Pair

150

Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps)

100

Owners

Australia-Singapore Cable International Limited, Vocus Communications

System Installer

Alcatel Submarine Networks

Region

AustralAsia

Contact Email

steve.liddell@ascinternationa l.net

View industry news related to this cable system

• Tanah Merah (Singapore)

Page 43


ASE

ASIA SUBMARINE-CABLE EXPRESS System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

2013

• Maruyama (Japan)

• Daet (Philippines)

EOS Year

2038

• Tseung Kwan O (Hong Kong)

• Mersing (Malaysia)

Est. System Cost (USD)

$412,000,000

• Changi (Singapore)

Length (km)

7,200

Design Capacity (Tbps)

15.36

Fiber Pairs

6

Wavelengths per Fiber Pair

128

Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps)

40

Owners

PLDT, StarHub, Telekom Malaysia Berhad

System Supplier

Fujitsu

System Installer

S.B. Submarine Systems, Telekom Malaysia Berhad

Region

AustralAsia

Contact Email

gcsanchez@pldt.com.ph

View industry news related to this cable system

Page 44


ASH

AMERICA SAMOA HAWAII System Details RFS Year

2009

EOS Year

2034

Est. System Cost (USD)

$100,000,000

Length (km)

4,680

Design Capacity (Tbps)

0.0012

Fiber Pairs

2

Owners

American Samoa Government, eLandia International

Region

AustralAsia

View industry news related to this cable system

Landing Points • Keawaula (United States)

• Pago Pago (American Samoa)

Page 45


Athena

ATHENA System Details RFS Year

2011

EOS Year

2036

Length (km)

600

Owners

Cyprus Telecommunications Authority

Region

EMEA

Contact Email

loizos.economides@cyta.co m.cy

View industry news related to this cable system

Landing Points • Pentaskhinos (Cyprus)

• Koropi (Greece)

Page 46


ATISA

ATISA System Details RFS Year

2017

EOS Year

2042

Est. System Cost (USD)

$7,000,000

Length (km)

280

Design Capacity (Tbps)

7.2

Fiber Pairs

6

Owners

DOCOMO Pacific

System Supplier

NEC

System Installer

TE SubCom

Region

AustralAsia

Contact Email

jkriegel@docomopacific.com

View industry news related to this cable system

Landing Points • Tachognya Beach (Northern Mariana Islands)

• Sugar Dock (Saipan)

• Sasanlagu (Northern Mariana Islands)

• Piti (Guam)

Page 47


Atlantis-2

ATLANTIS-2 System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

2000

• Funchal (Portugal)

• Las Toninas (Argentina)

EOS Year

2025

• Conil (Spain)

• Dakar (Senegal)

Est. System Cost (USD)

$370,000,000

• El Medano (Spain)

• Rio de Janeiro (Brazil)

Length (km)

13,100

• Lisbon (Portugal)

• Praia (Cape Verde)

Design Capacity (Tbps)

0.16

• Fortaleza (Brazil)

Fiber Pairs

2

Wavelengths per Fiber Pair

8

Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps)

40

Owners

Cabo Verde Telecom, Embratel, France Telecom, Marconi, Telecom Argentina, Telecom Italia, Telefonica de Argentina, Telintar, Telxius, Verizon

System Supplier

Fujitsu, Pirelli

System Installer

Alcatel Submarine Networks, FCR

Region

Transatlantic

Contact Email

steve.misencik@verizon.com

View industry news related to this cable system

Page 48


Atlas Offshore

ATLAS OFFSHORE System Details RFS Year

2007

EOS Year

2032

Est. System Cost (USD)

$31,000,000

Length (km)

1,634

Design Capacity (Tbps)

0.32

Owners

Maroc Telecom of Morocco

Region

EMEA

View industry news related to this cable system

Landing Points • Marseille (France)

• Asilah (Morocco)

Page 49


AU-Aleutian

PROJECT COMPLETION PHASES Pre-Engineering

Survey

System Manufacture

System Installation

Commissioning & Acceptance

AU-ALEUTIAN CABLE SYSTEM System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

2023

• Kodiak (United States)

• Larsen Bay (United States)

EOS Year

2048

• Chignik Lake (United States)

• Chignik Lagoon (United States)

Length (km)

1,456

• Chignik Bay (United States)

• Perryville (United States)

Fiber Pairs

6

• Sand Point (United States)

• Cold Bay (United States)

Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps)

800

• King Cove (United States)

• False Pass (United States)

Owners

• Dutch Harbor (United States)

• Akutan (United States)

GCI

Region

Americas

View industry news related to this cable system

Page 50


Austral

PROJECT COMPLETION PHASES Pre-Engineering

Survey

System Manufacture

System Installation

Commissioning & Acceptance

FIBRA OPTICA AUSTRAL System Details RFS Year

2020

EOS Year

2045

Est. System Cost (USD)

$100,000,000

Length (km)

2,900

Design Capacity (Tbps)

16

Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps)

100

Owners

AUSTRAL University of Magellan, Magellan CPC

System Supplier

Huawei Marine

System Installer

Orange Marine

Region

Americas

View industry news related to this cable system

Landing Points • Punta Arenas (Chile)

• Puerto Montt (Chile)

Page 51


Bahamas-2

BAHAMAS-2 System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

1997

• Nassau (The Bahamas)

EOS Year

2022

• Vero Beach (United States)

Est. System Cost (USD)

$25,000,000

Length (km)

478

Design Capacity (Tbps)

2.4

Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps)

40

Owners

Balteco, Verizon

System Supplier

Tyco Telecommunications SSI

System Installer

Tyco Telecommunications SSI

Region

Americas

Contact Email

steve.misencik@verizon.com

View industry news related to this cable system

• Eight Mile Rock (Bahamas)

Page 52


Baltica

BALTICA System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

1997

• Ystad (Sweden)

• Kolobrzeg (Poland)

EOS Year

2022

• Gedser (Denmark)

• Dueodde (Bornholm)

Est. System Cost (USD)

$16,000,000

Length (km)

437

Design Capacity (Tbps)

0.005

Fiber Pairs

6

Owners

Polish Telecom, TDC, Telecom Finland, Telenor, Teliasonera

Region

EMEA

Contact Email

mattias.fridstrom@teliacomp any.com

View industry news related to this cable system

Page 53


BAR-SAV

BAR-SAV System Details RFS Year

1996

EOS Year

2021

Est. System Cost (USD)

$39,000,000

Length (km)

760

Design Capacity (Tbps)

0.005

Owners

Telecom Italia, Telefonica

System Installer

Alcatel Submarine Networks

Region

EMEA

Contact Email

roberto.bartoloni@telecomit alia.it

View industry news related to this cable system

Landing Points • Savona (Italy)

• Barcelona (Spain)

Page 54


Bass Strait 1

BASS STRAIT 1 System Details RFS Year

1995

EOS Year

2020

Est. System Cost (USD)

$22,500,000

Length (km)

241

Design Capacity (Tbps)

1

Owners

Telstra

System Installer

Alcatel Submarine Networks

Region

AustralAsia

Contact Email

Andy.Lumsden@team.telstra .com

View industry news related to this cable system

Landing Points • Boat Harbour (Australia)

• Sandy Point (Australia)

Page 55


Bass Strait 2

BASS STRAIT 2 System Details RFS Year

2003

EOS Year

2028

Est. System Cost (USD)

$17,000,000

Length (km)

240

Design Capacity (Tbps)

1

Owners

Telstra

System Installer

Alcatel Submarine Networks

Region

AustralAsia

Contact Email

Andy.Lumsden@team.telstra .com

View industry news related to this cable system

Landing Points • Stanley (Australia)

• Inverloch (Australia)

Page 56


Basslink

BASSLINK System Details RFS Year

2009

EOS Year

2034

Est. System Cost (USD)

$600,000,000

Length (km)

290

Design Capacity (Tbps)

0.64

Fiber Pairs

6

Owners

Basslink Telecoms

Region

AustralAsia

View industry news related to this cable system

Landing Points • McGaurans Beach (Australia)

• Four Mile Bluff (Australia)

Page 57


BBG

BAY OF BENGAL GATEWAY System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

2016

• Penang (Malaysia)

• Mumbai (India)

EOS Year

2041

• Chennai (India)

• Fujairah (United Arab Emirates)

Est. System Cost (USD)

$250,000,000

• Barka (Oman)

• Mount Lavinia (Sri Lanka)

Length (km)

8,040

Design Capacity (Tbps)

55

Fiber Pairs

3

Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps)

100

Owners

Bay of Bengal Consortium

Region

Indian Ocean Pan-East Asian

Contact Email

Piush.Agarwal@ril.com

View industry news related to this cable system

Page 58


BCS East

BCS EAST System Details RFS Year

1997

EOS Year

2022

Est. System Cost (USD)

$15,000,000

Length (km)

98

Fiber Pairs

96

Owners

Telia Carrier AB

System Installer

Swedia Networks

Region

EMEA

Contact Email

mattias.fridstrom@teliacomp any.com

View industry news related to this cable system

Landing Points • Sventoji (Lithuania)

• Liepaja (Latvia)

Page 59


BCS East-West Interlink

BCS EAST-WEST INTERLINK System Details RFS Year

1997

EOS Year

2022

Est. System Cost (USD)

$20,000,000

Length (km)

218

Fiber Pairs

8

Owners

Telia Carrier AB

System Supplier

Ericsson

System Installer

Swedia Networks

Region

EMEA

Contact Email

mattias.fridstrom@teliacomp any.com

View industry news related to this cable system

Landing Points • Katthammarsvik (Sweden)

• Sventoji (Lithuania)

Page 60


BCS North

BCS NORTH System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

1997

• Logi (Russia)

• Helsinki (Finland)

EOS Year

2028

• Haraldsholm (Finland)

• Kotka (Finland)

Est. System Cost (USD)

$30,000,000

• Mariehamn (Finland)

• Stavsnas (Sweden)

Length (km)

793

• Hanko (Finland)

Fiber Pairs

66

Owners

Telia Carrier AB

System Supplier

Ericsson

System Installer

Swedia Networks

Region

EMEA

Contact Email

mattias.fridstrom@teliacomp any.com

View industry news related to this cable system

Page 61


BDM

BATAM-DUMAI-MELAKA System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

2011

• Melaka (Malaysia)

EOS Year

2036

• Batam (Indonesia)

Est. System Cost (USD)

$76,000,000

Length (km)

400

Design Capacity (Tbps)

2.56

Fiber Pairs

4

Wavelengths per Fiber Pair

64

Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps)

10

Owners

PT Mora Telematika, PT XL Axiata, Telekom Malaysia Berhad

System Supplier

Huawei Marine

System Installer

Telekom Malaysia Berhad

Region

AustralAsia

Contact Email

marzuki@tm.com.my

View industry news related to this cable system

• Dumai (Indonesia)

Page 62


Bharat-Lanka

BHARAT-LANKA System Details RFS Year

2007

EOS Year

2032

Est. System Cost (USD)

$40,000,000

Length (km)

338

Design Capacity (Tbps)

0.96

Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps)

40

Owners

BSNL, Sri Lanka Telecom Limited

Region

Indian Ocean Pan-East Asian

Contact Email

mishantha@slt.com.lk

View industry news related to this cable system

Landing Points • Tuticorine (India)

• Mount Lavinia (Sri Lanka)

Page 63


BICS

BAHAMAS INTERNET CABLE SYSTEM System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

2001

• Upper Bogue (Bahamas)

• Boca Raton (United States)

EOS Year

2026

• Crown Haven (Bahamas)

• Freeport (Bahamas)

Est. System Cost (USD)

$31,000,000

• Marsh Harbour (Bahamas)

• Nassau (The Bahamas)

Length (km)

1,000

• Riding Point (Bahamas)

• Sandy Point (Bahamas)

Design Capacity (Tbps)

12

• Rock Sound (Bahamas)

Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps)

10

Owners

Caribbean Crossing

Region

Americas

Contact Email

aknowles@caribbeancrossin gs.com

View industry news related to this cable system

Page 64


BIOS / Jonah

BIOS/JONAH System Details RFS Year

2011

EOS Year

2036

Est. System Cost (USD)

$15,000,000

Length (km)

2,300

Design Capacity (Tbps)

12.8

Fiber Pairs

2

Owners

Bezeq International

System Installer

Elettra

Region

EMEA

Contact Email

nissana@bezeqint.co.il

View industry news related to this cable system

Landing Points • Bari (Italy)

• Tel Aviv (Israel)

Page 65


BKK Digitek

BKK DIGITEK System Details RFS Year

2020

EOS Year

2045

Length (km)

195

Owners

BKK Digitek

Region

EMEA

View industry news related to this cable system

Landing Points • Bergen (Norway)

• Stavanger (Norway)

Page 66


BLAST

BROADBAND LINKING THE AMERICAN SAMOA TERRITORY System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

2015

• Aunu’u Wharf (American Samoa)

• Luma (American Samoa)

EOS Year

2040

• Ofu Harbor (American Samoa)

• Pago Pago (American Samoa)

Est. System Cost (USD)

$11,000,000

Length (km)

250

Owners

ASTCA

System Supplier

IT International Telecom

System Installer

IT International Telecom

Region

AustralAsia

Contact Email

mw.semo@gmail.com

View industry news related to this cable system

Page 67


BlueMed

PROJECT COMPLETION PHASES Pre-Engineering

Survey

System Manufacture

System Installation

Commissioning & Acceptance

BLUEMED System Details RFS Year

2021

EOS Year

2046

Length (km)

1,000

Design Capacity (Tbps)

240

Owners

Telecom Italia Sparkle

Region

EMEA

Contact Email

francesco.massone@tisparkl e.com

View industry news related to this cable system

Landing Points • Genoa (Italy)

• Palermo (Italy)

Page 68


Boracay-Palawan

BORACAY-PALAWAN System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

2013

• Taytay (Philippines)

EOS Year

2038

• Coron (Philippines)

Est. System Cost (USD)

$20,000,000

Length (km)

332

Design Capacity (Tbps)

4.8

Fiber Pairs

12

Wavelengths per Fiber Pair

40

Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps)

10

Owners

Globe Telecom

System Supplier

Huawei Marine

Region

AustralAsia

Contact Email

ggenio@globetel.com.ph

View industry news related to this cable system

• San Jose (Philippines)

Page 69


Botnia

BOTNIA System Details RFS Year

1994

EOS Year

2019

Est. System Cost (USD)

$8,500,000

Length (km)

77

Design Capacity (Tbps)

0.0012

Fiber Pairs

6

Owners

Telia Carrier AB

System Supplier

NKT

System Installer

Alcatel Kable Norge

Region

EMEA

Contact Email

mattias.fridstrom@teliacomp any.com

View industry news related to this cable system

Landing Points • Umea (Sweden)

• Vaasa (Finland)

Page 70


BP GoM

BP GULF OF MEXICO System Details RFS Year

2008

EOS Year

2033

Est. System Cost (USD)

$100,000,000

Length (km)

1,200

Design Capacity (Tbps)

24

Fiber Pairs

6

Wavelengths per Fiber Pair

40

Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps)

100

Owners

BP

System Supplier

SubCom

System Installer

SubCom

Region

Americas

Contact Email

Greg.Otto@bp.com

View industry news related to this cable system

Landing Points • Pascagoula (United States)

• Freeport (United States)

Page 71


BRCS

BATAM-RENGIT CABLE SYSTEM System Details RFS Year

2007

EOS Year

2032

Est. System Cost (USD)

$10,000,000

Length (km)

63

Design Capacity (Tbps)

0.01

Owners

Excelcom

Region

AustralAsia

View industry news related to this cable system

Landing Points • Sungai Rengit (Malaysia)

• Batam (Indonesia)

Page 72


BRUSA

BRAZIL-USA System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

2018

• Virginia Beach (United States)

• San Juan (Puerto Rico)

EOS Year

2043

• Fortaleza (Brazil)

• Rio de Janeiro (Brazil)

Est. System Cost (USD)

$500,000,000

Length (km)

11,000

Design Capacity (Tbps)

138

Fiber Pairs

8

Wavelengths per Fiber Pair

135

Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps)

100

Owners

Telxius

System Supplier

Alcatel Submarine Networks

System Installer

Alcatel Submarine Networks

Region

Americas

View industry news related to this cable system

Page 73


BSCS

BATAM SINGAPORE CABLE SYSTEM System Details RFS Year

2009

EOS Year

2034

Est. System Cost (USD)

$13,100,000

Length (km)

73

Design Capacity (Tbps)

0.08

Fiber Pairs

3

Owners

Telkom Indonesia

System Supplier

Ocean Cable Company

System Installer

ASEAN Cableship, Stena Offshore

Region

AustralAsia

Contact Email

otrainuy@hotmail.com

View industry news related to this cable system

Landing Points • Changi (Singapore)

• Batam (Indonesia)

Page 74


BSFOCS

BLACK SEA FIBRE OPTIC CABLE SYSTEM System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

2001

• Odessa (Ukraine)

EOS Year

2026

• Varna (Bulgaria)

Est. System Cost (USD)

$51,000,000

Length (km)

933

Design Capacity (Tbps)

0.0025

Fiber Pairs

2

Owners

Armentel, BTC, Cyprus Telecommunications Authority, DTAG, HT, OTE, Rostelecom, Telecom Slovenia, Ukrtelecom

System Supplier

Tyco Telecommunications SSI

System Installer

Alcatel Submarine Networks, Global Marine Systems Limited, Tyco Telecommunications SSI

Region

EMEA

Contact Email

loizos.economides@cyta.co m.cy

View industry news related to this cable system

• Novorossiysk (Russia)

Page 75


BtoBE

PROJECT COMPLETION PHASES Pre-Engineering

Survey

System Manufacture

System Installation

Commissioning & Acceptance

BAY TO BAY EXPRESS CABLE SYSTEM System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

2021

• San Francisco (United States)

EOS Year

2046

• (Singapore)

Est. System Cost (USD)

$400,000,000

Length (km)

16,000

Design Capacity (Tbps)

108

Fiber Pairs

6

Owners

Amazon, China Mobile, Facebook

System Supplier

NEC

Region

Transpacific

Contact Email

rkheny@fb.com

View industry news related to this cable system

• (Hong Kong)

Page 76


Cadmos

CADMOS System Details RFS Year

1995

EOS Year

2020

Est. System Cost (USD)

$8,000,000

Length (km)

262

Design Capacity (Tbps)

0.000622

Fiber Pairs

2

Owners

Cyprus Telecommunications Authority, Lebanese Ministry of Telecommunications

System Supplier

AT&T Submarine System, Inc.

System Installer

AT&T Submarine System, Inc.

Region

EMEA

Contact Email

loizos.economides@cyta.co m.cy

View industry news related to this cable system

Landing Points • Pentaskhinos (Cyprus)

• Beirut (Lebanon)

Page 77


Canalink

CANALINK System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

2011

• Tinocas (Spain)

• Tenerife (Spain)

EOS Year

2036

• Rota (Spain)

• Santa Cruz de La Palma (Spain)

Est. System Cost (USD)

$157,000,000

• Güimar (Spain)

• El Goro (Spain)

Length (km)

2,000

• Asilah (Morocco)

Design Capacity (Tbps)

5.12

Fiber Pairs

4

Wavelengths per Fiber Pair

128

Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps)

10

Owners

IT3

System Installer

Elettra

Region

EMEA

View industry news related to this cable system

Page 78


CANI

PROJECT COMPLETION PHASES Pre-Engineering

Survey

System Manufacture

System Installation

Commissioning & Acceptance

CHENNAI - ANDAMAN & NICOBAR System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

2020

• Port Blair (Andaman Islands)

• Rangat (Andaman Islands)

EOS Year

2045

• (Andaman Islands)

• (Nicobar Islands)

Length (km)

2,300

• (Nicobar Islands)

• (Nicobar Islands)

Design Capacity (Tbps)

25.6

• Hutbay (Andaman Islands)

• (Andaman Islands)

Fiber Pairs

4

• Chennai (India)

Wavelengths per Fiber Pair

64

Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps)

100

Owners

BSNL

System Supplier

NEC

System Installer

NEC

Region

Indian Ocean Pan-East Asian

View industry news related to this cable system

Page 79


CanTaT-3

CANTAT-3 System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

1994

• Sylt (Germany)

• Blaabjerg (Denmark)

EOS Year

2020

• Redcar (United Kingdom)

• Tjørnuvík (Faroe Islands)

Est. System Cost (USD)

$385,000,000

• Vestmannaeyjar (Iceland)

• Pennant Point (Canada)

Length (km)

6,450

Design Capacity (Tbps)

0.0075

Owners

TATA Communications

System Installer

Alcatel Submarine Networks, BT Marine, Orange Marine, Telecom Denmark

Region

Transatlantic

Contact Email

carl.osborne@tatacommunic ations.com

View industry news related to this cable system

Page 80


Caucasus Cable System

CAUCASUS CABLE SYSTEM System Details RFS Year

2008

EOS Year

2033

Est. System Cost (USD)

$76,000,000

Length (km)

1,187

Design Capacity (Tbps)

12.6

Fiber Pairs

2

Owners

Caucasus Online

System Supplier

TE SubCom, Tyco Telecommunications

System Installer

Tyco Telecommunications

Upgrader

TE SubCom

Upgrade Year

2016

Upgrade Capacity (Gbps)

100

Region

EMEA

View industry news related to this cable system

Landing Points • Balchik (Bulgaria)

• Poti (Georgia)

Page 81


CB-1

CHALLENGER BERMUDA-1 System Details RFS Year

2009

EOS Year

2034

Est. System Cost (USD)

$50,000,000

Length (km)

1,448

Design Capacity (Tbps)

0.32

Owners

Cable Company Ltd, Verizon

Region

Americas

Contact Email

steve.misencik@verizon.com

View industry news related to this cable system

Landing Points • Charlestown (United States)

• Bermuda (Bermuda)

Page 82


C-BUS

CARIBBEAN-BERMUDA US System Details RFS Year

2009

EOS Year

2034

Est. System Cost (USD)

$10,000,000

Length (km)

1,609

Design Capacity (Tbps)

2.5

Fiber Pairs

2

Owners

LIME

System Supplier

IT International Telecom, Tyco Telecommunications SSI

System Installer

IT International Telecom, Tyco Telecommunications SSI

Upgrader

Xtera

Upgrade Year

2016

Upgrade Capacity (Gbps)

100

Region

Americas

Contact Email

dwatersnwn@aol.com

View industry news related to this cable system

Landing Points • Tortola (British Virgin Islands)

• Saint David's (Bermuda)

Page 83


Ceiba-2

CEIBA-2 System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

2017

• Kribi (Cameroon)

EOS Year

2042

• Malabo (Equatorial Guinea)

Est. System Cost (USD)

$15,000,000

Length (km)

290

Design Capacity (Tbps)

24

Fiber Pairs

3

Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps)

100

Owners

Republic of Equatorial Guinea

System Supplier

Huawei Marine

System Installer

Global Marine Systems Limited

Region

EMEA

View industry news related to this cable system

• Bata (Equatorial Guinea)

Page 84


Celtic Norse

PROJECT COMPLETION PHASES Pre-Engineering

System Manufacture

Survey

System Installation

Commissioning & Acceptance

CELTIC NORSE System Details RFS Year

2021

EOS Year

2046

Length (km)

2,100

Owners

Nordavind

Region

EMEA

Contact Email

erling.aronsveen@nordavind .com

View industry news related to this cable system

Landing Points • Killala (Ireland)

• Trondheim (Norway)

Page 85


CeltixConnect

CELTIXCONNECT System Details RFS Year

2011

EOS Year

2036

Est. System Cost (USD)

$22,000,000

Length (km)

131

Design Capacity (Tbps)

0.96

Fiber Pairs

72

Owners

AquaComms

System Installer

Alcatel Submarine Networks, Global Marine Systems Limited

Region

EMEA

Contact Email

ereihill@aquacomms.com

View industry news related to this cable system

Landing Points • Holyhead (United Kingdom)

• Dublin (Ireland)

Page 86


CFX-1

COLOMBIA-FLORIDA SUBSEA FIBER System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

2008

• Cartagena (Colombia)

EOS Year

2023

• Boca Raton (United States)

Length (km)

2,439

Design Capacity (Tbps)

12.8

Fiber Pairs

12

Owners

C&W Networks

System Supplier

TE SubCom, Tyco Telecommunications

System Installer

Tyco Telecommunications

Upgrader

TE SubCom

Upgrade Year

2011

Upgrade Capacity (Gbps)

40

Region

Americas

Contact Email

dwatersnwn@aol.com

View industry news related to this cable system

• Morant Point (Jamaica)

Page 87


CIOS

CYPRUS-ISRAEL OPTICAL SYSTEM System Details RFS Year

1994

EOS Year

2018

Est. System Cost (USD)

$16,000,000

Length (km)

262

Design Capacity (Tbps)

0.000622

Fiber Pairs

1

Owners

Bezeq International, Cyprus Telecommunications Authority

Region

EMEA

Contact Email

loizos.economides@cyta.co m.cy

View industry news related to this cable system

Landing Points • Ayia Napa (Cyprus)

• Nahariya (Israel)

Page 88


CJFS

CAYMAN JAMAICA FIBRE SYSTEM System Details RFS Year

1997

EOS Year

2022

Est. System Cost (USD)

$6,500,000

Length (km)

870

Design Capacity (Tbps)

8.4

Owners

LIME

Region

Americas

Contact Email

dwatersnwn@aol.com

View industry news related to this cable system

Landing Points • Montego Bay (Jamaica)

• Half-Moon Bay (Cayman Islands)

Page 89


C-Lion 1

C-LION 1 System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

2016

• Hanko (Finland)

EOS Year

2041

• Helsinki (Finland)

Est. System Cost (USD)

$74,000,000

Length (km)

1,172

Design Capacity (Tbps)

144

Fiber Pairs

8

Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps)

300

Owners

Cinia Oy

Region

EMEA

View industry news related to this cable system

• Rostock-Ribnitz (Germany)

Page 90


Columbus II

COLUMBUS II System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

1994

• Magen's Bay (Virgin Islands)

• Funchal (Portugal)

EOS Year

2019

• Cancun (Mexico)

• West Palm Beach (United States)

Est. System Cost (USD)

$600,000,000

• Sardina (Gran Canaria)

• Palermo (Italy)

Length (km)

12,165

Design Capacity (Tbps)

0.0025

Owners

Columbus II Consortium

System Supplier

AT&T Submarine System, Inc., Pirelli

System Installer

Alcatel Submarine Networks, AT&T Submarine System, Inc.

Upgrader

Xtera

Upgrade Year

2012

Upgrade Capacity (Gbps)

100

Region

Transatlantic

View industry news related to this cable system

Page 91


Columbus III

COLUMBUS III System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

1999

• Mazara (Italy)

• Conil (Spain)

EOS Year

2024

• Lisbon (Portugal)

• Ponta Delgada (Portugal)

Est. System Cost (USD)

$236,000,000

• Miami (United States)

Length (km)

9,833

Design Capacity (Tbps)

0.32

Fiber Pairs

2

Owners

Columbus III Consortium, Telxius

System Supplier

Pirelli, Tyco Telecommunications

System Installer

Alcatel Submarine Networks, Tyco Telecommunications

Upgrader

Xtera

Upgrade Year

2012

Upgrade Capacity (Gbps)

100

Region

Transatlantic

View industry news related to this cable system

Page 92


Concerto-1

CONCERTO-1 System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

1999

• Bruges (Belguim)

EOS Year

2024

• Thorpeness (United Kingdom)

Est. System Cost (USD)

$25,000,000

Length (km)

574

Design Capacity (Tbps)

0.0025

Fiber Pairs

96

Owners

Flute

System Installer

Alcatel Submarine Networks

Region

EMEA

View industry news related to this cable system

• Zandvoort (Netherlands)

Page 93


Coral Sea

CORAL SEA CABLE SYSTEM System Details RFS Year

2019

EOS Year

2044

Est. System Cost (USD)

$92,000,000

Length (km)

4,700

Design Capacity (Tbps)

20

Fiber Pairs

4

Wavelengths per Fiber Pair

100

Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps)

100

Owners

Papua New Guinea Data, Solomon Submarine Cable Ltd.

System Supplier

Alcatel Submarine Networks, Vocus Communications

System Installer

Alcatel Submarine Networks

Region

AustralAsia

View industry news related to this cable system

Landing Points • Sydney (Australia)

• Port Moresby (Papua New Guinea)

• Honiara (Solomon Islands)

Page 94


Corfu-Bar

CORFU-BAR System Details RFS Year

1998

EOS Year

2023

Est. System Cost (USD)

$19,000,000

Length (km)

320

Design Capacity (Tbps)

0.000622

Fiber Pairs

3

Owners

Crngorski Telecom, OTE

Region

EMEA

Contact Email

Panagiota.Bosdogianni@ote globe.gr

View industry news related to this cable system

Landing Points • Bar (Montenegro)

• Corfu (Greece)

Page 95


Crosslake Fibre

CROSSLAKE FIBRE-LAKE ONTARIO System Details RFS Year

2019

EOS Year

2044

Length (km)

58

Fiber Pairs

96

Owners

Crosslake Fibre, Inc.

System Supplier

Hexatronic Cables & Interconnect Systems AB

System Installer

IT International Telecom

Region

Americas

Contact Email

mike@mcunningham.ca

View industry news related to this cable system

Landing Points • Buffalo (United States)

• Toronto (Canada)

Page 96


Curie

CURIE System Details RFS Year

2019

EOS Year

2044

Length (km)

10,500

Design Capacity (Tbps)

72

Fiber Pairs

4

Wavelengths per Fiber Pair

180

Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps)

100

Owners

Google

System Supplier

SubCom

System Installer

SubCom

Region

Americas

Contact Email

jaynes@google.com

View industry news related to this cable system

Landing Points • Los Angeles (United States)

• Valparaiso (Chile)

Page 97


Danica North

DANICA NORTH System Details RFS Year

1998

EOS Year

2023

Est. System Cost (USD)

$10,000,000

Length (km)

25

Design Capacity (Tbps)

0.01

Fiber Pairs

48

Owners

Telia Carrier AB

System Supplier

Ericsson

System Installer

Alcatel Kable Norge

Upgrader

Ciena

Upgrade Year

2013

Upgrade Capacity (Gbps)

40

Region

EMEA

Contact Email

mattias.fridstrom@teliacomp any.com

View industry news related to this cable system

Landing Points • Tuborg (Denmark)

• Barseback (Sweden)

Page 98


Danica South

DANICA SOUTH System Details RFS Year

1998

EOS Year

2023

Length (km)

20

Design Capacity (Tbps)

0.01

Fiber Pairs

12

Owners

Telia Carrier AB

System Supplier

Ericsson

System Installer

Alcatel Kable Norge

Upgrader

Ciena

Upgrade Year

2013

Upgrade Capacity (Gbps)

40

Region

EMEA

Contact Email

mattias.fridstrom@teliacomp any.com

View industry news related to this cable system

Landing Points • Copenhagen (Denmark)

• Bjarred (Sweden)

Page 99


Danice

DANICE System Details RFS Year

2008

EOS Year

2033

Est. System Cost (USD)

$76,000,000

Length (km)

2,291

Design Capacity (Tbps)

5.1

Fiber Pairs

4

Owners

Farice Ltd.

System Supplier

Tyco Telecommunications

System Installer

Tyco Telecommunications

Upgrader

Ciena

Upgrade Year

2013

Upgrade Capacity (Gbps)

100

Region

EMEA

Contact Email

orn@farice.is

View industry news related to this cable system

Landing Points • Landeyjarsandur (Iceland)

• Blaabjerg (Denmark)

Page 100


DARE1

PROJECT COMPLETION PHASES Pre-Engineering

Survey

System Manufacture

System Installation

Commissioning & Acceptance

DJIBOUTI-AFRICA REGIONAL EXPRESS 1 System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

2020

• Mombasa (Kenya)

• Mogadishu (Somalia)

EOS Year

2045

• Bosaso (Somalia)

• Haramous (Djibouti)

Est. System Cost (USD)

$137,500,000

Length (km)

4,854

Design Capacity (Tbps)

36

Fiber Pairs

3

Wavelengths per Fiber Pair

150

Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps)

100

Owners

Africa Marine Express, Djibouti Telecom, Golis Telecom, Hormuud Telecom Somalia Inc., Somtel Group, Telesom Company, TeleYemen

System Supplier

SubCom

Region

EMEA

Contact Email

plouzane@intnet.dj

View industry news related to this cable system

Page 101


DDSCN

DHIRAAGU-SLT SUBMARINE CABLE NETWORK System Details RFS Year

2007

EOS Year

2032

Est. System Cost (USD)

$27,000,000

Length (km)

850

Owners

Dhiraagu

Region

Indian Ocean Pan-East Asian

Contact Email

athifa@dhiraagu.com.mv

View industry news related to this cable system

Landing Points • Male (Maldives)

• Colombo (Sri Lanka)

Page 102


Denmark-Norway 5

DENMARK-NORWAY 5 System Details RFS Year

1992

EOS Year

2017

Est. System Cost (USD)

$9,560,000

Length (km)

123

Design Capacity (Tbps)

0.002

Owners

Norway PTT, TDC

Region

EMEA

View industry news related to this cable system

Landing Points • Hjrorring (Denmark)

• Ardendal (Norway)

Page 103


Denmark-Norway 6

DENMARK-NORWAY 6 System Details RFS Year

1992

EOS Year

2017

Est. System Cost (USD)

$8,950,000

Length (km)

124

Design Capacity (Tbps)

0.0015

Owners

Norway PTT, TDC

Region

EMEA

View industry news related to this cable system

Landing Points • Thisted (Denmark)

• Kristiansand (Norway)

Page 104


Denmark-Poland 2

DENMARK-POLAND 2 System Details RFS Year

1991

EOS Year

2016

Est. System Cost (USD)

$4,500,000

Length (km)

110

Design Capacity (Tbps)

0.0025

Owners

Polish Telecom, TDC

Region

EMEA

View industry news related to this cable system

Landing Points • Mielno (Poland)

• Gedebak Odde (Denmark)

Page 105


Didon

DIDON System Details RFS Year

2014

EOS Year

2039

Est. System Cost (USD)

$15,000,000

Length (km)

173

Design Capacity (Tbps)

18

Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps)

100

Owners

France Telecom

Region

EMEA

Contact Email

carine.romanetti@orange.co m

View industry news related to this cable system

Landing Points • Kélibia (Tunisia)

• Mazara (Italy)

Page 106


DMCS

DUMAI-MELAKA CABLE SYSTEM System Details RFS Year

2005

EOS Year

2030

Est. System Cost (USD)

$15,000,000

Length (km)

150

Design Capacity (Tbps)

0.32

Owners

PT Telekom, Telekom Malaysia Berhad

System Installer

ASEAN Cableship, Telekom Malaysia Berhad

Region

AustralAsia

Contact Email

marzuki@tm.com.my

View industry news related to this cable system

Landing Points • Melaka (Malaysia)

• Dumai (Indonesia)

Page 107


Dunant

PROJECT COMPLETION PHASES Pre-Engineering

Survey

System Manufacture

System Installation

Commissioning & Acceptance

DUNANT System Details RFS Year

2020

EOS Year

2045

Length (km)

6,600

Design Capacity (Tbps)

250

Fiber Pairs

12

Owners

Google

System Supplier

SubCom

Region

Transatlantic

Contact Email

jaynes@google.com

View industry news related to this cable system

Landing Points • Saint Hilaire (France)

• Virginia Beach (United States)

Page 108


EAC-C2C

EAC-C2C System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

2009

• Nanhui District (China)

• Vung Tau (Vietnam)

EOS Year

2034

• Tseung Kwan O (Hong Kong)

• Tanshui (Taiwan)

Est. System Cost (USD)

$850,000,000

• Taean (South Korea)

• Singapore (Singapore)

Length (km)

35,429

• Pali (Taiwan)

• Batangas (Philippines)

Design Capacity (Tbps)

30

• Ajigaura (Japan)

• Fangshan (Taiwan)

Owners

Telstra

• Chung Hom Kok (Hong Kong)

• Chikura (Japan)

Upgrader

Infinera

• Changi (Singapore)

• Cavite (Philippines)

Upgrade Year

2013

• Shima (Japan)

• Busan (South Korea)

Upgrade Capacity (Gbps)

100

Region

AustralAsia

Contact Email

Andy.Lumsden@team.telstra .com

View industry news related to this cable system

Page 109


EASSy

EASTERN AFRICA SUBMARINE CABLE SYSTEM System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

2010

• Mogadishu (Somalia)

• Mombasa (Kenya)

EOS Year

2035

• Dar es Salaam (Tanzania)

• (Djibouti)

Est. System Cost (USD)

$247,000,000

• Moroni (Comoros)

• Toliara (Madagascar)

Length (km)

9,900

• Mtunzini (South Africa)

• Port Sudan (Sudan)

Design Capacity (Tbps)

11.8

• Maputo (Mozambique)

Fiber Pairs

2

Wavelengths per Fiber Pair

59

Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps)

100

Owners

Bharti Airtel, Botswana Telecommunications Corporation, British Telecommunications PLC, Comores Telecom, Etisalat, France Telecom, MTN Group, Neotel, Saudi Telecom Company, SPV2, Sudan Telecom Limited, Sudatel, Tanzania Telecommunications Company Limited, WIOCC

View industry news related to this cable system

Page 110


Eastern Light

EASTERN LIGHT System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

2019

• Kotka (Finland)

• Helsinki (Finland)

EOS Year

2044

• Hanko (Finland)

• Stockholm (Sweden)

Length (km)

420

Owners

Eastern Light

System Supplier

NSW

System Installer

Baltic Offshore

Region

EMEA

Contact Email

info@easternlight.se

View industry news related to this cable system

Page 111


East-West

EAST-WEST System Details RFS Year

2011

EOS Year

2036

Est. System Cost (USD)

$35,000,000

Length (km)

1,700

Design Capacity (Tbps)

2.5

Owners

C&W Networks

System Installer

Orange Marine

Upgrader

Xtera

Upgrade Year

2016

Upgrade Capacity (Gbps)

100

Region

Americas

Contact Email

dwatersnwn@aol.com

View industry news related to this cable system

Landing Points • Tortola (British Virgin Islands)

• Santo Domingo (Dominican Republic)

• Morant Point (Jamaica)

Page 112


EAUFON

PROJECT COMPLETION PHASES Pre-Engineering

Survey

System Manufacture

System Installation

Commissioning & Acceptance

EASTERN ARCTIC UNDERSEA FIBER OPTIC NETWORK System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

2021

• Chisasibi (Canada)

• Kuujjuaraapik (Canada)

EOS Year

2046

• Umiujaq (Canada)

• Inukjuak (Canada)

Est. System Cost (USD)

$250,000,000

• Puvirnituq (Canada)

• Akulivik (Canada)

Length (km)

1,800

• Ivujivik (Canada)

• Salluit (Canada)

Design Capacity (Tbps)

30

Fiber Pairs

6

Wavelengths per Fiber Pair

100

Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps)

100

Owners

Kativik Regional Government

Region

Arctic

Contact Email

DCombden@krg.ca

View industry news related to this cable system

Page 113


ECFS

EAST CARIBBEAN FIBER SYSTEM System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

1995

• Dickenson Bay (Antigua)

• Anguilla (Anguilla)

EOS Year

2020

• Baliff (Guadeloupe)

• Basseterre (Saint Kitts and Nevis)

Est. System Cost (USD)

$56,000,000

• Canefield (Dominica)

• Kingstown (Saint Vincent)

Length (km)

1,875

• Martinique (Martinique)

• Montserrat (Montserrat)

Design Capacity (Tbps)

1.1

• Port Salines (Grenada)

• Saint Lucia (Saint Lucia)

Fiber Pairs

6

• Saint Martin (Netherlands

• Tortola (British Virgin Islands)

Owners

BET, C&W, C&W Networks, Cable & Wireless, France Telecom, TSTT

System Installer

Alcatel Submarine Networks, Cable & Wireless

Upgrader

Xtera, Xtera, Xtera

Upgrade Year

2009, 2013, 2016

Upgrade Capacity (Gbps)

10, 10, 10

Region

Americas

Contact Email

dwatersnwn@aol.com

View industry news related to this cable system

Antilles)

• Macqueripe (Trinidad)

• Bridgetown (Barbados)

Page 114


ECLink

ECLINK System Details RFS Year

2007

EOS Year

2032

Length (km)

1,240

Design Capacity (Tbps)

7.2

Fiber Pairs

12

Wavelengths per Fiber Pair

60

Owners

Alcatel, C&W Networks, Columbus Networks, New World Network

System Supplier

Alcatel, TE SubCom, Tyco Telecommunications SSI

System Installer

Tyco Telecommunications SSI

Upgrader

TE SubCom

Upgrade Year

2016

Upgrade Capacity (Gbps)

100

Region

Americas

Contact Email

dwatersnwn@aol.com

View industry news related to this cable system

Landing Points • Trinidad (Trinidad)

• Curaçao (Curaçao)

Page 115


EIG

EUROPE INDIA GATEWAY System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

2011

• Gibraltar (Gibraltar)

• Abu Talat (Egypt)

EOS Year

2036

• Bude (United Kingdom)

• Fujairah (United Arab Emirates)

Est. System Cost (USD)

$700,000,000

• Jeddah (Saudi Arabia)

• Monaco (Monaco)

Length (km)

15,000

• Mumbai (India)

• Muscat (Oman)

Design Capacity (Tbps)

3.84

• Zafarana (Egypt)

• Sesimbra (Portugal)

Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps)

100

• Tripoli (Libya)

• (Djibouti)

Owners

Bharti Airtel, British Telecommunications PLC, BSNL, C&W, Djibouti Telecom, Du, Gibtelecom, Libyan Post, Telecom and Information Technology Company, MTN Group, Omantel, Saudi Telecom Company, Telekom SA, Verizon

System Supplier

Tyco Telecommunications

System Installer

Tyco Telecommunications

Upgrader

Ciena

Upgrade Year

2014

Upgrade Capacity (Gbps)

100

View industry news related to this cable system

Page 116


EllaLink

PROJECT COMPLETION PHASES Pre-Engineering

System Manufacture

Survey

System Installation

Commissioning & Acceptance

ELLALINK System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

2020

• Nouadhibou (Mauritania)

• Praia (Cape Verde)

EOS Year

2045

• Funchal (Portugal)

• Sao Paulo (Brazil)

Est. System Cost (USD)

$200,000,000

• Fortaleza (Brazil)

• Kourou (French Guiana)

Length (km)

9,300

• Sines (Portugal)

Design Capacity (Tbps)

72

Fiber Pairs

4

Wavelengths per Fiber Pair

120

Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps)

150

Owners

EllaLink

System Supplier

Alcatel Submarine Networks

System Installer

Alcatel Submarine Networks

Region

Transatlantic

Contact Email

lynsey.thomas@subseanetwo rks.com

View industry news related to this cable system

Page 117


Endeavour

ENDEAVOUR System Details RFS Year

2008

EOS Year

2033

Length (km)

9,125

Design Capacity (Tbps)

1.28

Fiber Pairs

2

Owners

Telstra

System Supplier

Alcatel-Lucent Submarine Networks

System Installer

Alcatel-Lucent Submarine Networks

Upgrader

Infinera

Upgrade Year

2014

Upgrade Capacity (Gbps)

100

Region

AustralAsia

Contact Email

sigmund.paul@team.telstra.c om

View industry news related to this cable system

Landing Points • Sydney (Australia)

• Keawaula (United States)

Page 118


Englandcable

PROJECT COMPLETION PHASES Pre-Engineering

System Manufacture

Survey

System Installation

Commissioning & Acceptance

ENGLANDCABLE System Details RFS Year

2021

EOS Year

2046

Est. System Cost (USD)

$20,000,000

Length (km)

700

Design Capacity (Tbps)

240

Fiber Pairs

8

Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps)

400

Owners

NO-UK Com

Region

EMEA

Contact Email

dag.aanensen@no-uk.com

View industry news related to this cable system

Landing Points • Stavanger (Norway)

• Newcastle (United Kingdom)

Page 119


Equiano

PROJECT COMPLETION PHASES Pre-Engineering

Survey

System Manufacture

System Installation

Commissioning & Acceptance

EQUIANO System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

2021

• (Saint Helena)

• Melkbosstrand (South Africa)

EOS Year

2046

• Sesimbra (Portugal)

• Lagos (Nigeria)

Design Capacity (Tbps)

120

Fiber Pairs

12

Wavelengths per Fiber Pair

100

Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps)

100

Owners

Google

System Supplier

Alcatel Submarine Networks

Region

EMEA

Contact Email

jaynes@google.com

View industry news related to this cable system

Page 120


Estepona-Tetouan

ESTEPONA-TETOUAN System Details RFS Year

1994

EOS Year

2019

Est. System Cost (USD)

$10,000,000

Length (km)

113

Design Capacity (Tbps)

0.0037

Owners

Telxius

System Supplier

STF Submarine Systems

System Installer

FCR

Region

EMEA

Contact Email

alejandro.martinez@telefonic a.com

View industry news related to this cable system

Landing Points • Tetouan (Morocco)

• Estepona (Spain)

Page 121


Estrecho de Magallanes

ESTRECHO DE MAGALLANES System Details RFS Year

2012

EOS Year

2037

Est. System Cost (USD)

$5,000,000

Length (km)

37

Design Capacity (Tbps)

1.8

Fiber Pairs

18

Wavelengths per Fiber Pair

1

Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps)

100

Owners

AR-SAT

System Supplier

Boskalis

Region

Americas

Contact Email

jduarte@arsat.com.ar

View industry news related to this cable system

Landing Points • Espiritu Santo (Argentina)

• Punta Dungeness (Argentina)

Page 122


Europa

EUROPA System Details RFS Year

2013

EOS Year

2038

Fiber Pairs

8

Owners

Cyprus Telecommunications Authority, Lebanese Ministry of Telecommunications

Region

EMEA

Contact Email

loizos.economides@cyta.co m.cy

View industry news related to this cable system

Landing Points • Tripoli (Lebanon)

• Pentaskhinos (Cyprus)

Page 123


FA-1 North/South

FLAG ATLANTIC 1 NORTH/SOUTH System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

2001

• Porthcurno (United Kingdom)

• Island Park (United States)

EOS Year

2026

• Northport (United States)

• Plerin (France)

Est. System Cost (USD)

$900,000,000

Length (km)

12,820

Design Capacity (Tbps)

24

Fiber Pairs

6

Owners

Global Cloud Xchange

System Installer

Alcatel Submarine Networks

Upgrader

Infinera, Infinera, Infinera

Upgrade Year

2010, 2011, 2013

Upgrade Capacity (Gbps)

10, 100, 40

Region

Transatlantic

Contact Email

obest@relianceglobalcom.co m

View industry news related to this cable system

Page 124


Falcon

FALCON System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

2006

• Doha (Qatar)

• Al Hudaydah (Yemen)

EOS Year

2031

• Al Khobar (Saudi Arabia)

• Al Safat (Kuwait)

Est. System Cost (USD)

$900,000,000

• Al Seeb (Oman)

• Al-Faw (Iraq)

Length (km)

12,181

• Al Ghaydah (Yemen)

• Chabahar (Iran)

Design Capacity (Tbps)

2.56

• Suez (Egypt)

• Dubai (United Arab Emirates)

Fiber Pairs

8

• Jeddah (Saudi Arabia)

• Khasab (Oman)

Owners

Global Cloud Xchange

• Manama (Bahrain)

• Mumbai (India)

System Installer

Alcatel Submarine Networks

• Port Sudan (Sudan)

• Bandar Abbas (Iran)

Upgrader

Infinera

Region

Indian Ocean Pan-East Asian

Contact Email

obest@relianceglobalcom.co m

View industry news related to this cable system

Page 125


Far East

FAR EAST System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

2015

• Okha (Russia)

EOS Year

2040

• Magadan (Russia)

Est. System Cost (USD)

$50,000,000

Length (km)

1,844

Design Capacity (Tbps)

1.6

Fiber Pairs

2

Wavelengths per Fiber Pair

8

Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps)

100

Owners

Rostelecom

System Supplier

Huawei Marine

System Installer

Global Marine Systems Limited

Region

AustralAsia

Contact Email

odegov@rt.ru

View industry news related to this cable system

• Mys Levashova (Russia)

Page 126


Farice-1

FARICE-1 System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

2004

• Dunnet Bay (United Kingdom)

EOS Year

2029

• Seyðisfjörður (Iceland)

Est. System Cost (USD)

$25,000,000

Length (km)

1,395

Design Capacity (Tbps)

0.02

Owners

Farice Ltd., Iceland Telecom Ltd.

System Supplier

Pirelli

Upgrader

Ciena

Upgrade Year

2013

Upgrade Capacity (Gbps)

100

Region

EMEA

Contact Email

orn@farice.is

View industry news related to this cable system

• Funningsfjørður (Faroe Islands)

Page 127


Farland

FARLAND System Details RFS Year

1994

EOS Year

2019

Est. System Cost (USD)

$10,000,000

Length (km)

149

Design Capacity (Tbps)

0.018

Owners

British Telecommunications PLC

System Supplier

AT&T Submarine System, Inc.

System Installer

AT&T Submarine System, Inc.

Region

EMEA

View industry news related to this cable system

Landing Points • Domburg (Netherlands)

• Aldeburgh (United Kingdom)

Page 128


Faster

FASTER System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

2016

• Tanshui (Taiwan)

• Shima (Japan)

EOS Year

2041

• Chikura (Japan)

• Bandon (United States)

Est. System Cost (USD)

$350,000,000

Length (km)

11,500

Design Capacity (Tbps)

60

Fiber Pairs

6

Wavelengths per Fiber Pair

100

Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps)

100

Owners

China Mobile International Ltd., China Telecom Global, Global Transit, Google, Singtel

System Supplier

NEC

System Installer

Orange Marine

Region

Transpacific

Contact Email

chsleo@singtel.com

View industry news related to this cable system

Page 129


Fehmarn Belt

FEHMARN BELT System Details RFS Year

2000

EOS Year

2025

Est. System Cost (USD)

$10,000,000

Length (km)

20

Design Capacity (Tbps)

0.0025

Fiber Pairs

192

Owners

Telia Carrier AB

System Supplier

Ericsson

System Installer

Nexans

Region

EMEA

Contact Email

mattias.fridstrom@teliacomp any.com

View industry news related to this cable system

Landing Points • Rödbyhavn (Denmark)

• Puttgarden (Germany)

Page 130


FibraLink

FIBRALINK System Details RFS Year

2006

EOS Year

2031

Est. System Cost (USD)

$30,000,000

Length (km)

2,438

Design Capacity (Tbps)

7.2

Fiber Pairs

3

Owners

Alcatel, C&W Networks, Columbus Networks

System Supplier

Alcatel, IT International Telecom

System Installer

IT International Telecom

Region

Americas

Contact Email

dwatersnwn@aol.com

View industry news related to this cable system

Landing Points • Puerto Plata (Dominican

• Kaliko (Haiti)

Republic)

• Bull Bay (Jamaica)

Page 131


FLAG Europe-Asia

FLAG EUROPE-ASIA System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

1997

• Ninomiya (Japan)

• Aqaba (Jordan)

EOS Year

2022

• Estepona (Spain)

• Fujairah (United Arab Emirates)

Est. System Cost (USD)

$720,000,000

• Jeddah (Saudi Arabia)

• Keoje (South Korea)

Length (km)

27,433

• Lantau (Hong Kong)

• Alexandria (Egypt)

Design Capacity (Tbps)

0.5

• Mumbai (India)

• Suez (Egypt)

Fiber Pairs

2

• Palermo (Italy)

• Penang (Malaysia)

Owners

Global Cloud Xchange

• Porthcurno (United Kingdom)

• Satun (Thailand)

Upgrader

Ciena

• Shanghai (China)

• Songkhla (Thailand)

Upgrade Year

2012

• Miura (Japan)

Upgrade Capacity (Gbps)

100

Region

EMEA, Indian Ocean PanEast Asian

Contact Email

obest@relianceglobalcom.co m

View industry news related to this cable system

Page 132


Flores-Corvo

FLORES-CORVO System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

2014

• Corvo (Portugal)

• Graciosa (Portugal)

EOS Year

2039

• Faial (Portugal)

• Flores (Portugal)

Est. System Cost (USD)

$20,000,000

Length (km)

685

Design Capacity (Tbps)

0.96

Fiber Pairs

6

Wavelengths per Fiber Pair

16

Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps)

10

Owners

Viatel

System Supplier

Huawei Marine, Nexans

System Installer

Nexans

Region

EMEA

View industry news related to this cable system

Page 133


FOG

FIBER OPTIC GULF System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

1998

• Manama (Bahrain)

• Kuwait City (Kuwait)

EOS Year

2023

• Dubai (United Arab Emirats)

• Doha (Qatar)

Est. System Cost (USD)

$80,000,000

Length (km)

1,286

Design Capacity (Tbps)

0.02

Fiber Pairs

4

Owners

Bahrain Telephone Co., Kuwait Ministry of Communications, Qatar Telecommunication Company, UAE Telecommunications Company

System Supplier

Fujitsu

Region

EMEA

View industry news related to this cable system

Page 134


Galapagos Subsea System

PROJECT COMPLETION PHASES Pre-Engineering

Survey

System Manufacture

System Installation

Commissioning & Acceptance

ECUADOR - GALAPAGOS ISLANDS System Details RFS Year

2021

EOS Year

2046

Est. System Cost (USD)

$40,000,000

Length (km)

1,000

Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps)

100

Owners

CNT EP

Region

Americas

Contact Email

jorge.cardenas@cnt.gob.ec

View industry news related to this cable system

Landing Points • Puerto Baquerizo Moreno

• Manta (Ecuador)

(Ecuador)

Page 135


GBICS

GULF BRIDGE INTERNATIONAL CABLE SYSTEM System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

2011

• Mumbai (India)

• Kuwait City (Kuwait)

EOS Year

2036

• Fujairah (United Arab Emirates)

• Bushehr (Iran)

Est. System Cost (USD)

$445,000,000

• Al-Faw (Iraq)

• Al Seeb (Oman)

Length (km)

4,719

• Al Khobar (Saudi Arabia)

• Al Hidd (Bahrain)

Design Capacity (Tbps)

51.2

• Al Daayen (Qatar)

Fiber Pairs

4

Wavelengths per Fiber Pair

128

Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps)

100

Owners

Gulf Bridge International, Inc.

System Supplier

TE SubCom

Upgrader

Xtera

Upgrade Year

2012

Upgrade Capacity (Gbps)

100

Region

EMEA

Contact Email

aahmed@gbiinc.com

View industry news related to this cable system

Page 136


GCN

GLOBAL CARIBBEAN NETWORK System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

2007

• Saint Croix (United States)

• San Juan (Puerto Rico)

EOS Year

2032

• Saint Martin (Guadeloupe)

• Saint Barthelemy (Guadeloupe)

Est. System Cost (USD)

$17,520,000

• Jarry (Guadeloupe)

• Baliff (Guadeloupe)

Length (km)

1,926

Design Capacity (Tbps)

5

Owners

Global Carribean Network

System Installer

Alcatel Submarine Networks

Upgrader

Ciena

Upgrade Year

2013

Upgrade Capacity (Gbps)

40

Region

Americas

Contact Email

eemami@globalcaribbean.n et

View industry news related to this cable system

Page 137


Gemini Bermuda

GEMINI BERMUDA System Details RFS Year

2007

EOS Year

2032

Est. System Cost (USD)

$40,000,000

Length (km)

1,500

Design Capacity (Tbps)

2.5

Owners

C&W, Verizon

System Installer

Orange Marine

Upgrader

Xtera

Upgrade Year

2016

Upgrade Capacity (Gbps)

100

Region

Americas

Contact Email

dwatersnwn@aol.com

View industry news related to this cable system

Landing Points • (Bermuda)

• Manasquan (United States)

Page 138


Georgia-Russia

GEORGIA-RUSSIA System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

2000

• Novorossiysk (Russia)

EOS Year

2025

• Poti (Georgia)

Est. System Cost (USD)

$20,000,000

Length (km)

280

Design Capacity (Tbps)

0.0025

Fiber Pairs

4

Owners

DanTelco, FOPTNET, Rostelecom

Region

EMEA

Contact Email

odegov@rt.ru

View industry news related to this cable system

• Sochi (Russia)

Page 139


GLO-1

GLOBACOM-1 System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

2010

• Accra (Ghana)

• Vigo (Spain)

EOS Year

2035

• Sesimbra (Portugal)

• Nouakchott (Mauritania)

Est. System Cost (USD)

$260,000,000

• Lagos (Nigeria)

• Dakar (Senegal)

Length (km)

8,717

• Casablanca (Morocco)

• Bude (United Kingdom)

Design Capacity (Tbps)

2.5

Fiber Pairs

2

Owners

Globacom Ltd.

System Supplier

IT International Telecom

System Installer

Alcatel Submarine Networks, IT International Telecom

Region

EMEA

View industry news related to this cable system

Page 140


GlobeNet

GLOBENET System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

2001

• Tuckerton (United States)

• Saint David's (Bermuda)

EOS Year

2026

• Rio de Janeiro (Brazil)

• Maiquetia (Venezuela)

Est. System Cost (USD)

$610,000,000

• Fortaleza (Brazil)

• Boca Raton (United States)

Length (km)

22,690

• Barranquilla (Colombia)

Design Capacity (Tbps)

9.2

Fiber Pairs

4

Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps)

200

Owners

Globenet

System Supplier

TE SubCom

Upgrader

Xtera, Xtera

Upgrade Year

2010, 2016

Upgrade Capacity (Gbps)

100, 100

Region

Americas

Contact Email

econtag@globenet.net

View industry news related to this cable system

Page 141


GO-1

GO-1 System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

1995

• SaintPaul's Bay (Malta)

• Saint George's Bay (Malta)

EOS Year

2020

• Mazara (Italy)

• Catania (Italy)

Est. System Cost (USD)

$10,000,000

Length (km)

290

Design Capacity (Tbps)

0.02

Owners

GO

System Installer

Elettra

Region

EMEA

Contact Email

mark.j.farrugia@go.com.mt

View industry news related to this cable system

Page 142


GOKI

GOKI System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

2013

• Tumon (Guam)

• Okinawa Prefecture (Japan)

EOS Year

2038

• Kitakyushu (Japan)

• Incheon (Korea)

Est. System Cost (USD)

$120,000,000

Length (km)

4,200

Design Capacity (Tbps)

0.08

System Installer

Kokusai Cable Ship

Region

AustralAsia

View industry news related to this cable system

Page 143


Gondwana-1

GONDWANA-1 System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

2008

• Noum'ea (New Caledonia)

• Mouli Island (New Caledonia)

EOS Year

2033

• Poindimie (New Caledonia)

• Sydney (Australia)

Est. System Cost (USD)

$57,500,000

• Lifou (New Caledonia)

Length (km)

2,152

Design Capacity (Tbps)

0.64

Owners

OPT Nouvelle Caledonie, Post and Telecommunications Office of New Caledonia

System Installer

Alcatel Submarine Networks

Region

AustralAsia

Contact Email

herve.girault@opt.nc

View industry news related to this cable system

Page 144


Greenland Connect

GREENLAND CONNECT System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

2009

• Nuuk (Greenland)

• Milton (Canada)

EOS Year

2034

• Landeyjarsandur (Iceland)

• Qaqortoq (Greenland)

Est. System Cost (USD)

$126,000,000

Length (km)

4,733

Design Capacity (Tbps)

2.56

Fiber Pairs

2

Wavelengths per Fiber Pair

62

Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps)

100

Owners

Tele Greenland

System Installer

Elettra

Upgrader

Huawei Marine

Upgrade Year

2017

Upgrade Capacity (Gbps)

100

Region

Americas, Transatlantic

Contact Email

fg@tele.gl

View industry news related to this cable system

Page 145


Greenland Connect North

GREENLAND CONNECT NORTH System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

2017

• Nuuk (Greenland)

• Maniitsoq (Greenland)

EOS Year

2042

• Sisimiut (Greenland)

• Aasiaat (Greenland)

Est. System Cost (USD)

$80,000,000

Length (km)

680

Design Capacity (Tbps)

4.8

Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps)

100

Owners

Tele Greenland

System Supplier

Alcatel Submarine Networks

System Installer

Alcatel Submarine Networks

Region

EMEA

Contact Email

fg@tele.gl

View industry news related to this cable system

Page 146


GTT Express

GTT EXPRESS System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

2015

• Cork (Ireland)

EOS Year

2040

• Halifax (Canada)

Est. System Cost (USD)

$120,000,000

Length (km)

4,600

Design Capacity (Tbps)

53

Fiber Pairs

6

Wavelengths per Fiber Pair

100

Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps)

100

Owners

GTT Communications

System Supplier

TE SubCom

Region

Transatlantic

Contact Email

Bjarni.Thorvardarson@hibern ianetworks.com

View industry news related to this cable system

• London (United Kingdom)

Page 147


GTT North/South

GTT NORTH/SOUTH System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

2001

• Southport (United Kingdom)

• Coleraine (Ireland)

EOS Year

2026

• Dublin (Ireland)

• Lynn (United States)

Est. System Cost (USD)

$320,000,000

• Herring Cove (Canada)

Length (km)

12,111

Design Capacity (Tbps)

25

Fiber Pairs

4

Wavelengths per Fiber Pair

48

Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps)

100

Owners

GTT Communications

System Supplier

Tyco Telecommunications SSI

System Installer

FCR, Tyco Telecommunications SSI

Upgrader

Huawei Marine

Upgrade Year

2011

Upgrade Capacity (Gbps)

100

Region

Transatlantic

Contact Email

Bjarni.Thorvardarson@hibern ianetworks.com

View industry news related to this cable system

Page 148


Guantánamo Bay Cable

GUANTÁNAMO BAY CABLE System Details RFS Year

2016

EOS Year

2041

Est. System Cost (USD)

$31,000,000

Length (km)

1,500

Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps)

100

Owners

US Government

System Supplier

Nexans, Xtera

System Installer

IT International Telecom

Region

Americas

View industry news related to this cable system

Landing Points • Guantánamo Bay (Cuba)

• Miami (United States)

Page 149


Guantánamo Bay Cable 2

GUANTÁNAMO BAY CABLE 2 System Details RFS Year

2019

EOS Year

2044

Est. System Cost (USD)

$30,000,000

Length (km)

1,200

Owners

US Government

System Supplier

Xtera

Region

Americas

View industry news related to this cable system

Landing Points • Guantánamo Bay (Cuba)

• San Juan (Puerto Rico)

Page 150


GWEN

GREECE TO WESTERN EUROPE NETWORK System Details RFS Year

2004

EOS Year

2029

Est. System Cost (USD)

$20,000,000

Length (km)

647

Fiber Pairs

4

Owners

OTE

Region

EMEA

Contact Email

Panagiota.Bosdogianni@ote globe.gr

View industry news related to this cable system

Landing Points • Corfu (Greece)

• Bari (Italy)

Page 151


H2 Cable

PROJECT COMPLETION PHASES Pre-Engineering

Survey

System Manufacture

System Installation

Commissioning & Acceptance

H2 CABLE System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

2022

• Chung Hom Kok (Hong Kong)

EOS Year

2047

• Sydney (Australia)

Est. System Cost (USD)

$500,000,000

Length (km)

21,700

Owners

H2 Cable

System Supplier

SubCom

System Installer

SubCom

Region

Transpacific

View industry news related to this cable system

• Los Angeles (United States)

Page 152


Hannibal

HANNIBAL System Details RFS Year

2009

EOS Year

2034

Est. System Cost (USD)

$10,000,000

Length (km)

180

Design Capacity (Tbps)

9.6

Fiber Pairs

3

Wavelengths per Fiber Pair

80

Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps)

40

Owners

Tunisie Telecom

System Supplier

Huawei Marine

System Installer

Global Marine Systems Limited

Region

EMEA

View industry news related to this cable system

Landing Points • Mazara (Italy)

• Kélibia (Tunisia)

Page 153


Hantru-1

HANTRU-1 System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

2010

• Pohnpei (Micronesia)

• Piti (Guam)

EOS Year

2035

• Majuro (Marshall Islands)

• Kwajalein Atoll (Marshall Islands)

Est. System Cost (USD)

$130,000,000

Length (km)

2,908

Owners

Federated States of Micronesia Telecommunications Authority, Hannon Armstrong

System Supplier

TE SubCom

Region

AustralAsia

Contact Email

dmcmahon@hannonarmstro ng.com

View industry news related to this cable system

Page 154


HAVFRUE/AEC-2

PROJECT COMPLETION PHASES Pre-Engineering

System Manufacture

Survey

System Installation

Commissioning & Acceptance

HAVFRUE/AEC-2 System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

2020

• Kristiansand (Norway)

• Leckanvy (Ireland)

EOS Year

2045

• Wall Township (United States)

• Blaabjerg (Denmark)

Est. System Cost (USD)

$200,000,000

Length (km)

7,300

Design Capacity (Tbps)

108

Fiber Pairs

6

Owners

AquaComms, Bulk Infrastructure AS, Facebook, Google

System Supplier

SubCom

System Installer

SubCom

Region

Transatlantic

Contact Email

ereihill@aquacomms.com

View industry news related to this cable system

Page 155


Hawaiki

HAWAIKI System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

2018

• Sydney (Australia)

• Pago Pago (American Samoa)

EOS Year

2043

• Pacific City (United States)

• Mangawhai Heads (New

Est. System Cost (USD)

$350,000,000

Length (km)

15,000

Design Capacity (Tbps)

67

Fiber Pairs

4

Wavelengths per Fiber Pair

67

Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps)

250

Owners

Hawaiki Submarine Cable

System Supplier

SubCom

System Installer

SubCom

Upgrader

Ciena

Region

Transpacific

Contact Email

ludovic.hutier@hawaiki.co.nz

View industry news related to this cable system

Zealand)

• Kapolei (United States)

Page 156


Hawk Cable System

HAWK CABLE SYSTEM System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

2011

• Marseille (France)

EOS Year

2035

• Alexandria (Egypt)

Est. System Cost (USD)

$250,000,000

Length (km)

3,181

Design Capacity (Tbps)

2.72

Fiber Pairs

4

Wavelengths per Fiber Pair

68

Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps)

10

Owners

Global Cloud Xchange

System Supplier

Fujitsu

System Installer

Elettra, Orange Marine

Region

EMEA

Contact Email

obest@relianceglobalcom.co m

View industry news related to this cable system

• Yeroskipos (Cyprus)

Page 157


HKA

PROJECT COMPLETION PHASES Pre-Engineering

Survey

System Manufacture

System Installation

Commissioning & Acceptance

HONG KONG - AMERICA System Details RFS Year

2021

EOS Year

2046

Est. System Cost (USD)

$325,000,000

Length (km)

13,000

Design Capacity (Tbps)

76.8

Fiber Pairs

6

Wavelengths per Fiber Pair

128

Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps)

100

Owners

China Telecom Corporation, China Unicom, Facebook, TATA Communications, Telstra

Region

Transpacific

View industry news related to this cable system

Landing Points • Hermosa Beach (United States)

• Hong Kong (Hong Kong)

Page 158


HK-G

PROJECT COMPLETION PHASES Pre-Engineering

Survey

System Manufacture

System Installation

Commissioning & Acceptance

HONG KONG-GUAM System Details RFS Year

2020

EOS Year

2045

Est. System Cost (USD)

$100,000,000

Length (km)

3,900

Design Capacity (Tbps)

48

Fiber Pairs

4

Wavelengths per Fiber Pair

120

Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps)

100

Owners

Google, RTI Connectivity

Region

AustralAsia

Contact Email

russ.matulich@rticable.com

View industry news related to this cable system

Landing Points • Tseung Kwan O (Hong Kong)

• Piti (Guam)

Page 159


Honotua

HONOTUA System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

2009

• Spencer Beach (United States)

• Huahine (French Polynesia)

EOS Year

2034

• Papenoo (French Polynesia)

• Vaitape (French Polynesia)

Est. System Cost (USD)

$122,000,000

• Uturoa (French Polynesia)

• Moorea (French Polynesia)

Length (km)

4,634

Design Capacity (Tbps)

0.64

Owners

OPT French Polynesia

Region

AustralAsia

Contact Email

geffry_salmon@opt.pf

View industry news related to this cable system

Page 160


HSCS

HOKKAIDO-SAKHALIN CABLE SYSTEM System Details RFS Year

2008

EOS Year

2033

Est. System Cost (USD)

$20,000,000

Length (km)

559

Design Capacity (Tbps)

0.64

Owners

KDD, TTK

System Installer

KDD

Region

AustralAsia

Contact Email

ya-koide@kddi.com

View industry news related to this cable system

Landing Points • Nevelsk (Russia)

• Ishikari (Japan)

Page 161


Hugo

HUGO System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

2006

• Porthcurno (United Kingdom)

EOS Year

2031

• Guernsey (Guernsey)

Est. System Cost (USD)

$11,960,000

Length (km)

426

Design Capacity (Tbps)

3.3

Owners

C&W

System Installer

Alcatel Submarine Networks, Tyco Telecommunications SSI

Region

EMEA

Contact Email

dwatersnwn@aol.com

View industry news related to this cable system

• Lannion (France)

Page 162


i2i

I2I CABLE NETWORK System Details RFS Year

2002

EOS Year

2027

Est. System Cost (USD)

$90,000,000

Length (km)

3,100

Design Capacity (Tbps)

84

Fiber Pairs

8

Wavelengths per Fiber Pair

105

Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps)

100

Owners

Bharti Airtel

Upgrader

Ciena

Upgrade Year

2014

Upgrade Capacity (Gbps)

100

Region

Indian Ocean Pan-East Asian

Contact Email

milan.rao@airtel.in

View industry news related to this cable system

Landing Points • Tuas (Singapore)

• Chennai (India)

Page 163


IAX

PROJECT COMPLETION PHASES Pre-Engineering

Survey

System Manufacture

System Installation

Commissioning & Acceptance

INDIA-ASIA-XPRESS System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

2023

• (Singapore)

EOS Year

2048

• Chennai (India)

Design Capacity (Tbps)

100

Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps)

100

Owners

Reliance Jio

Region

Indian Ocean Pan-East Asian

View industry news related to this cable system

• Mumbai (India)

Page 164


ICN1

INTERCHANGE I System Details RFS Year

2014

EOS Year

2039

Est. System Cost (USD)

$32,000,000

Length (km)

1,259

Design Capacity (Tbps)

0.32

Owners

Interchange Limited

System Supplier

TE SubCom

Region

AustralAsia

Contact Email

simon.fletcher@interchange. vu

View industry news related to this cable system

Landing Points • Port Vila (Vanuatu)

• Suva (Fiji)

Page 165


IEX

PROJECT COMPLETION PHASES Pre-Engineering

Survey

System Manufacture

System Installation

Commissioning & Acceptance

INDIA-EUROPE-XPRESS System Details RFS Year

2023

EOS Year

2048

Design Capacity (Tbps)

100

Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps)

100

Owners

Reliance Jio

Region

EMEA, Indian Ocean PanEast Asian

View industry news related to this cable system

Landing Points • Marseille (France)

• Mumbai (India)

Page 166


IFC-1

PROJECT COMPLETION PHASES Pre-Engineering

Survey

System Manufacture

System Installation

Commissioning & Acceptance

IFC-1 System Details RFS Year

2021

EOS Year

2046

Est. System Cost (USD)

$15,000,000

Length (km)

492

Design Capacity (Tbps)

120

Fiber Pairs

6

Owners

Ireland-France Subsea Cable

Region

EMEA

Contact Email

mike@mcunningham.ca

View industry news related to this cable system

Landing Points • Lannion (France)

• Cork (Ireland)

Page 167


IG-1

ITALY GREECE-1 System Details RFS Year

2002

EOS Year

2027

Length (km)

172

Fiber Pairs

24

Region

EMEA

Contact Email

bcrawford@wis.one

View industry news related to this cable system

Landing Points • Aethos (Greece)

• Otranto (Italy)

Page 168


I-ME-WE

INDIA-MIDDLE EAST-WESTERN EUROPE System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

2010

• Karachi (Pakistan)

• Catania (Italy)

EOS Year

2035

• Fujairah (United Arab Emirates)

• Jeddah (Saudi Arabia)

Est. System Cost (USD)

$320,000,000

• Mumbai (India)

• Suez (Egypt)

Length (km)

12,091

• Tripoli (Lebanon)

• Alexandria (Egypt)

Design Capacity (Tbps)

76.8

• Marseille (France)

Fiber Pairs

3

Wavelengths per Fiber Pair

128

Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps)

200

Owners

Bharti Airtel, Etisalat, France Telecom, Ogero, PTCL, STC, TATA Communications

System Supplier

Mitsubishi Electric Corporation

System Installer

S.B. Submarine Systems

Upgrade Year

2012, 2014

Upgrade Capacity (Gbps)

40, 40

Region

EMEA

Contact Email

milan.rao@airtel.in

View industry news related to this cable system

Page 169


Indigo Central

INDIGO CENTRAL System Details RFS Year

2019

EOS Year

2044

Est. System Cost (USD)

$150,000,000

Length (km)

4,850

Design Capacity (Tbps)

36

Fiber Pairs

2

Wavelengths per Fiber Pair

80

Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps)

100

Owners

Google, SubPartners

System Supplier

SubCom

Region

AustralAsia

View industry news related to this cable system

Landing Points • Perth (Australia)

• Sydney (Australia)

Page 170


Indigo West

INDIGO WEST System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

2019

• Tuas (Singapore)

EOS Year

2043

• Jakarta (Indonesia)

Est. System Cost (USD)

$225,000,000

Length (km)

4,600

Design Capacity (Tbps)

36

Fiber Pairs

2

Owners

AARNet, Google, Indosat Ooredoo, Telstra

System Supplier

Alcatel Submarine Networks

System Installer

Alcatel Submarine Networks

Region

AustralAsia

View industry news related to this cable system

• Perth (Australia)

Page 171


IOX

PROJECT COMPLETION PHASES Pre-Engineering

Survey

System Manufacture

System Installation

Commissioning & Acceptance

INDIAN OCEAN XCHANGE System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

2021

• Creve Couer (Rodrigues)

• Sainte-Pierre (Reunion)

EOS Year

2046

• Puducherry (India)

• La Cambuse (Mauritius)

Est. System Cost (USD)

$220,000,000

• East London (South Africa)

Length (km)

8,850

Design Capacity (Tbps)

54

Fiber Pairs

4

Wavelengths per Fiber Pair

130

Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps)

100

Owners

IOX Cable Ltd

System Supplier

Alcatel Submarine Networks

System Installer

Alcatel Submarine Networks

Region

Indian Ocean Pan-East Asian

Contact Email

logadassen@iox.mu

View industry news related to this cable system

Page 172


Italy-Albania

ITALY-ALBANIA System Details RFS Year

1998

EOS Year

2023

Est. System Cost (USD)

$10,000,000

Length (km)

236

Design Capacity (Tbps)

0.0025

Fiber Pairs

1

Region

EMEA

View industry news related to this cable system

Landing Points • Durres (Albania)

• Bari (Italy)

Page 173


Italy-Greece

ITALY-GREECE System Details RFS Year

1995

EOS Year

2020

Est. System Cost (USD)

$10,000,000

Length (km)

161

Design Capacity (Tbps)

0.00169

Fiber Pairs

4

Owners

Telecom Italia

Region

EMEA

View industry news related to this cable system

Landing Points • Otranto (Italy)

• Otranto (Greece)

Page 174


Italy-Libya

ITALY-LIBYA System Details RFS Year

2000

EOS Year

2025

Est. System Cost (USD)

$10,000,000

Length (km)

570

Design Capacity (Tbps)

0.12

Fiber Pairs

2

Owners

Telecom Italia

Upgrade Year

2011

Upgrade Capacity (Gbps)

40

Region

EMEA

View industry news related to this cable system

Landing Points • Tripoli (Libya)

• Mazara (Italy)

Page 175


Italy-Monaco

ITALY-MONACO System Details RFS Year

1995

EOS Year

2020

Est. System Cost (USD)

$10,000,000

Length (km)

162

Design Capacity (Tbps)

0.000565

Fiber Pairs

1

Owners

Telecom Italia

Region

EMEA

View industry news related to this cable system

Landing Points • Savona (Italy)

• Monaco (Monaco)

Page 176


JaKa2DeLeMa

JAKA2DELEMA System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

2010

• Bandjermasin (Indonesia)

• Sangata (Indonesia)

EOS Year

2035

• Pontianak (Indonesia)

• Pangkalanbun (Indonesia)

Est. System Cost (USD)

$116,000,000

• Mataram (Indonesia)

• Ketapang (Indonesia)

Length (km)

1,800

• Jember (Indonesia)

• Benculuk (Indonesia)

Design Capacity (Tbps)

9.6

• Toweli (Indonesia)

Fiber Pairs

3

Wavelengths per Fiber Pair

32

Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps)

100

Owners

PT Telekom

System Supplier

Fujitsu, NSW

System Installer

Orange Marine

Upgrader

Fujitsu

Upgrade Year

2013

Upgrade Capacity (Gbps)

100

Region

AustralAsia

Contact Email

natigor@telkom.co.id

View industry news related to this cable system

Page 177


JAKABARE

JAKABARE System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

2009

• Jakarta (Indonesia)

• Batam (Indonesia)

EOS Year

2034

• Pontianak (Indonesia)

• Tuas (Singapore)

Est. System Cost (USD)

$40,000,000

Length (km)

1,330

Design Capacity (Tbps)

1.28

Owners

Indosat

System Installer

ASEAN Cableship, Orange Marine

Region

AustralAsia

Contact Email

rguida@impsat.com.ar

View industry news related to this cable system

Page 178


Japan-US

JAPAN-US System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

2001

• Shima (Japan)

• Point Arena (United States)

EOS Year

2026

• Morro Bay (United States)

• Maruyama (Japan)

Est. System Cost (USD)

$590,000,000

• Makaha (United States)

• Kitaibaraki (Japan)

Length (km)

21,880

Design Capacity (Tbps)

12.8

Fiber Pairs

4

Wavelengths per Fiber Pair

16

Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps)

100

Owners

Japan Telecom, MCI WorldCom, NTT Worldwide Network, Telstra

System Supplier

Fujitsu, Ocean Cable Company

System Installer

Alcatel Submarine Networks, Global Marine Systems Limited

Upgrader

Ciena

Upgrade Year

2012

Upgrade Capacity (Gbps)

100

View industry news related to this cable system

Page 179


Jasuka

JASUKA System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

2006

• Tanjung Pandan (Indonesia)

• Batam (Indonesia)

EOS Year

2031

• Jakarta (Indonesia)

• Pontianak (Indonesia)

Est. System Cost (USD)

$280,000,000

Length (km)

354

Design Capacity (Tbps)

0.32

Owners

PT Telekom

Upgrader

Nokia Siemens Networks

Upgrade Year

2011

Upgrade Capacity (Gbps)

40

Region

AustralAsia

Contact Email

natigor@telkom.co.id

View industry news related to this cable system

Page 180


JGA North

PROJECT COMPLETION PHASES Pre-Engineering

Survey

System Manufacture

System Installation

Commissioning & Acceptance

JAPAN-GUAM-AUSTRALIA NORTH System Details RFS Year

2020

EOS Year

2045

Est. System Cost (USD)

$65,000,000

Length (km)

2,600

Design Capacity (Tbps)

24

Owners

AARNet, Google, RTI Connectivity

System Supplier

Alcatel Submarine Networks, NEC

System Installer

Alcatel Submarine Networks

Region

AustralAsia

Contact Email

shota.masuda@rticable.com

View industry news related to this cable system

Landing Points • Minami-Boso (Japan)

• Piti (Guam)

Page 181


JGA South

PROJECT COMPLETION PHASES Pre-Engineering

Survey

System Manufacture

System Installation

Commissioning & Acceptance

JAPAN-GUAM-AUSTRALIA SOUTH System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

2020

• Sunshine Coast (Australia)

EOS Year

2045

• Piti (Guam)

Est. System Cost (USD)

$175,000,000

Length (km)

7,000

Design Capacity (Tbps)

36

Owners

AARNet, Google, RTI Connectivity

System Supplier

NEC

Region

AustralAsia

Contact Email

shota.masuda@rticable.com

View industry news related to this cable system

• Sydney (Australia)

Page 182


Junior

JUNIOR System Details RFS Year

2017

EOS Year

2042

Length (km)

390

Fiber Pairs

8

Owners

Google

System Supplier

PadTec

Region

Americas

Contact Email

doyleb@google.com

View industry news related to this cable system

Landing Points • Santos (Brazil)

• Rio de Janeiro (Brazil)

Page 183


Jupiter

PROJECT COMPLETION PHASES Pre-Engineering

Survey

System Manufacture

System Installation

Commissioning & Acceptance

JUPITER System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

2021

• Tierra Del Mar (United States)

• Hermosa Beach (United States)

EOS Year

2046

• Daet (Philippines)

• Maruyama (Japan)

Length (km)

14,577

• Shima (Japan)

Design Capacity (Tbps)

60

Fiber Pairs

5

Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps)

400

Owners

Amazon, Facebook, NTT Communications Corporation, PCCW Global, PLDT, SoftBank

System Supplier

SubCom

System Installer

SubCom

Region

Transpacific

Contact Email

hiromasa.yoshida@ntt.com

View industry news related to this cable system

Page 184


KAFOS

KARADENIZ FIBER OPTIK SISTEMI System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

1997

• Varna (Bulgaria)

EOS Year

2022

• Istanbul (Turkey)

Est. System Cost (USD)

$20,000,000

Length (km)

4,640

Design Capacity (Tbps)

0.0012

Owners

BTC, Turk Telecom

System Installer

Alcatel Submarine Networks, FCR

Region

EMEA

Contact Email

aliemir.eren@turktelekom.co m.tr

View industry news related to this cable system

• Mangalia (Romania)

Page 185


Kanawa

KANAWA System Details RFS Year

2019

EOS Year

2044

Est. System Cost (USD)

$20,000,000

Length (km)

1,746

Design Capacity (Tbps)

10

Fiber Pairs

2

Wavelengths per Fiber Pair

50

Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps)

100

Owners

French Guiana Government

System Installer

Orange Marine

Region

Americas

View industry news related to this cable system

Landing Points • (Martinique)

• Cayenne (French Guiana)

Page 186


Katittuq Nunavut

PROJECT COMPLETION PHASES Pre-Engineering

Survey

System Manufacture

System Installation

Commissioning & Acceptance

KATITTUQ NUNAVUT System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

2021

• Nuuk (Greenland)

• Iqaluit (Canada)

EOS Year

2046

• Kimmirut (Canada)

• Cape Dorset (Canada)

Est. System Cost (USD)

$100,000,000

Length (km)

2,400

Fiber Pairs

6

Wavelengths per Fiber Pair

100

Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps)

100

Region

Arctic

Contact Email

Dean.Wells@gov.nu.ca

View industry news related to this cable system

Page 187


Kattegat-2

KATTEGAT-2 System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

2001

• Vestero (Denmark)

• Skalvik (Sweden)

EOS Year

2026

• Osterby (Denmark)

• Lyngsa (Denmark)

Est. System Cost (USD)

$10,000,000

Length (km)

75

Owners

TDC

Region

EMEA

Contact Email

clni@tdc.dk

View industry news related to this cable system

Page 188


Keltra-2

KELTRA-2 System Details RFS Year

2007

EOS Year

2032

Length (km)

209

Design Capacity (Tbps)

0.02

Fiber Pairs

6

Owners

Telecom Italia, Tunisie Telecom

Region

EMEA

Contact Email

nabil.baccouche@tunisetelec om.tn

View industry news related to this cable system

Landing Points • Trapini (Italy)

• Kélibia (Tunisia)

Page 189


KJCN

KOREA-JAPAN CABLE NETWORK System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

2002

• Kitakyushu (Japan)

EOS Year

2027

• Busan (South Korea)

Length (km)

500

Design Capacity (Tbps)

28.8

Fiber Pairs

12

Wavelengths per Fiber Pair

24

Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps)

100

Owners

KEPCO, SoftBank Telecom Corporation

System Supplier

Fujitsu

Upgrader

Ciena

Upgrade Year

2015

Upgrade Capacity (Gbps)

100

Region

AustralAsia

Contact Email

makoto.imaizumi@tm.softba nk.co.jp

View industry news related to this cable system

• Fukuoka (Japan)

Page 190


Kodiak Kenai

KODIAK KENAI System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

2006

• Seward (United States)

• Narrow Cape (United States)

EOS Year

2031

• Kodiak (United States)

• Kenai (United States)

Est. System Cost (USD)

$30,000,000

• Homer (United States)

• Anchorage (United States)

Length (km)

971

Design Capacity (Tbps)

0.01

Fiber Pairs

4

Owners

Kodiak Kenai Cable Company

Upgrader

Infinera

Upgrade Year

2010

Upgrade Capacity (Gbps)

10

Region

Americas

Contact Email

neil@akadevelopers.com

View industry news related to this cable system

Page 191


Kuwait-Iran

KUWAIT-IRAN System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

2006

• Soroosh (Iran)

EOS Year

2031

• Kharg (Iran)

Est. System Cost (USD)

$20,000,000

Length (km)

334

Design Capacity (Tbps)

0.0025

Fiber Pairs

6

Owners

Iran Ministry of Communications, Kuwait and Telecommunication Infrastructure Company

Region

EMEA

View industry news related to this cable system

• Failaka (Kuwait)

Page 192


LEV

LEV System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

1999

• Yeroskipos (Cyprus)

EOS Year

2024

• Mazara (Italy)

Est. System Cost (USD)

$175,000,000

Length (km)

2,600

Design Capacity (Tbps)

0.0025

Fiber Pairs

2

Wavelengths per Fiber Pair

8

Owners

Cyprus Telecommunications Authority

System Supplier

Tyco Telecommunications

System Installer

Alcatel Submarine Networks, Tyco Telecommunications

Region

EMEA

Contact Email

loizos.economides@cyta.co m.cy

View industry news related to this cable system

• Tel Aviv (Israel)

Page 193


LION

LOWER INDIAN OCEAN NETWORK System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

2009

• Terre Rouge (Mauritius)

EOS Year

2034

• Toamasina (Madagascar)

Est. System Cost (USD)

$30,000,000

Length (km)

1,091

Design Capacity (Tbps)

1.28

Fiber Pairs

2

Wavelengths per Fiber Pair

64

Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps)

10

Owners

France Telecom, Orange Madagascar

System Installer

FCR, Orange Marine

Region

Indian Ocean Pan-East Asian

Contact Email

carine.romanetti@orange.co m

View industry news related to this cable system

• Sainte Marie (Reunion Island)

Page 194


LION-2

LOWER INDIAN OCEAN NETWORK 2 System Details RFS Year

2012

EOS Year

2037

Est. System Cost (USD)

$76,000,000

Length (km)

3,000

Design Capacity (Tbps)

1.28

Fiber Pairs

2

Wavelengths per Fiber Pair

64

Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps)

10

Owners

Emtel Ltd., France Telecom, Orange Madagascar, Telkom Kenya

System Installer

Alpha Logistics, Elettra, Orange Marine

Region

Indian Ocean Pan-East Asian

Contact Email

carine.romanetti@orange.co m

View industry news related to this cable system

Landing Points • Mayotte (Mayotte)

• Mombasa (Kenya)

Page 195


MAC

MID-ATLANTIC CROSSING System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

2000

• Saint Croix (United States)

EOS Year

2025

• Brookhaven (United States)

Est. System Cost (USD)

$200,000,000

Length (km)

7,461

Design Capacity (Tbps)

0.92

Fiber Pairs

2

Owners

CenturyLink

System Installer

Alcatel Submarine Networks, FCR

Upgrader

Infinera, Infinera

Upgrade Year

2010, 2011

Upgrade Capacity (Gbps)

10, 10

Region

Americas

Contact Email

Andy.Pitman@centurylink.co m

View industry news related to this cable system

• Hollywood (United States)

Page 196


MainOne

MAINONE CABLE System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

2010

• Abidjan (Ivory Coast)

• Dakar (Senegal)

EOS Year

2035

• Accra (Ghana)

• Seixal (Portugal)

Est. System Cost (USD)

$240,000,000

• Lagos (Nigeria)

Length (km)

7,000

Design Capacity (Tbps)

10

Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps)

100

System Supplier

TE SubCom

Upgrader

Xtera

Upgrade Year

2015

Upgrade Capacity (Gbps)

100

Region

EMEA

Contact Email

Funke.Opeke@mainone.net

View industry news related to this cable system

Page 197


Malbec

PROJECT COMPLETION PHASES Pre-Engineering

Survey

System Manufacture

System Installation

Commissioning & Acceptance

MALBEC System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

2020

• Porto Alegre (Brazil)

EOS Year

2045

• Rio de Janeiro (Brazil)

Est. System Cost (USD)

$65,000,000

Length (km)

2,500

Fiber Pairs

6

Owners

Facebook, Globenet

Region

Americas

View industry news related to this cable system

• Buenos Aires (Argentina)

Page 198


Manatua One

PROJECT COMPLETION PHASES Pre-Engineering

Survey

System Manufacture

System Installation

Commissioning & Acceptance

MANATUA ONE POLYNESIAN CABLE SYSTEM System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

2020

• Vaitape (French Polynesia)

• Toahotu (French Polynesia)

EOS Year

2045

• Aitutaki (Cook Islands)

• Rarotonga (Cook Islands)

Est. System Cost (USD)

$100,000,000

• Avatele (Niue)

• Apia (Samoa)

Length (km)

3,600

Design Capacity (Tbps)

10

Fiber Pairs

3

Owners

Avaroa Cable Ltd, Manatua Cable Consortium, OPT French Polynesia, Samoa Submarine Cable Company, Telecom Niue Limited

System Supplier

SubCom

Region

AustralAsia

View industry news related to this cable system

Page 199


MAREA

MAREA System Details RFS Year

2017

EOS Year

2042

Est. System Cost (USD)

$165,000,000

Length (km)

6,600

Design Capacity (Tbps)

200

Fiber Pairs

8

Owners

Facebook, Microsoft, Telxius

System Supplier

TE SubCom

System Installer

TE SubCom

Region

Transatlantic

Contact Email

ershim@microsoft.com

View industry news related to this cable system

Landing Points • Bilbao (Spain)

• Virginia Beach (United States)

Page 200


MARS

MAURITIUS AND RODRIGUES SUBMARINE CABLE SYSTEM System Details RFS Year

2019

EOS Year

2044

Length (km)

700

Design Capacity (Tbps)

8

Fiber Pairs

2

Wavelengths per Fiber Pair

80

Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps)

100

Owners

Mauritius Telecom, PCCW Global

System Supplier

Huawei Marine

System Installer

E-marine PJSC

Region

Indian Ocean

View industry news related to this cable system

Landing Points • (Mauritius)

• (Rodrigues)

Page 201


Matrix

MATRIX System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

2008

• Jakarta (Indonesia)

EOS Year

2032

• Batam (Indonesia)

Est. System Cost (USD)

$30,000,000

Length (km)

1,438

Design Capacity (Tbps)

2.56

Fiber Pairs

4

Owners

Matrix Networks, NAP Info

System Supplier

TE SubCom

System Installer

Global Marine Systems Limited

Region

AustralAsia

Contact Email

jim@matrixnetworks.sg

View industry news related to this cable system

• Changi (Singapore)

Page 202


MAYA-1

MAYA-1 System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

2000

• Maria Chiquita (Panama)

• Hollywood (United States)

EOS Year

2025

• Tolu (Colombia)

• Puerto Limon (Costa Rica)

Est. System Cost (USD)

$120,000,000

• Cancun (Mexico)

Length (km)

4,506

Design Capacity (Tbps)

0.9225

Fiber Pairs

2

Owners

MAYA-1 Consortium

System Supplier

Tyco Telecommunications

System Installer

Alcatel Submarine Networks, Tyco Telecommunications

Upgrader

Alcatel-Lucent Submarine Networks

Upgrade Year

2012

Upgrade Capacity (Gbps)

40

Region

Americas

View industry news related to this cable system

Page 203


MBDC

MORATELINDO BATAM - DUMAI CABLE System Details RFS Year

2009

EOS Year

2034

Est. System Cost (USD)

$40,000,000

Length (km)

330

Design Capacity (Tbps)

0.01

Owners

Moratelindo

Region

AustralAsia

Contact Email

lim@moratelindo.co.id

View industry news related to this cable system

Landing Points • Dumai (Indonesia)

• Batam (Indonesia)

Page 204


MCT

MALAYSIA-CAMBODIA-THAILAND System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

2017

• Sihanoukville (Cambodia)

EOS Year

2041

• Cherating (Malaysia)

Est. System Cost (USD)

$60,000,000

Length (km)

1,425

Design Capacity (Tbps)

30

Fiber Pairs

6

Wavelengths per Fiber Pair

50

Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps)

100

Owners

Symphony Communication Public Company Limited, Telcotech Limited, Telekom Malaysia Berhad

System Supplier

Huawei Marine

System Installer

Global Marine Systems Limited

Region

AustralAsia

Contact Email

marzuki@tm.com.my

View industry news related to this cable system

• Rayoung (Thailand)

Page 205


Med Cable Network

MED CABLE NETWORK System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

2005

• Annaba (Algeria)

EOS Year

2030

• Marseille (France)

Est. System Cost (USD)

$40,000,000

Length (km)

1,300

Design Capacity (Tbps)

0.02

Owners

Med Cable

Region

EMEA

View industry news related to this cable system

• Algiers (Algeria)

Page 206


MedNautilus

MEDNAUTILUS System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

2001

• Chania (Greece)

• Catania (Italy)

EOS Year

2026

• Haifa (Israel)

• Istanbul (Turkey)

Est. System Cost (USD)

$190,000,000

• Koropi (Greece)

• Tel Aviv (Israel)

Length (km)

5,729

Design Capacity (Tbps)

38.4

Fiber Pairs

6

Wavelengths per Fiber Pair

64

Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps)

100

System Installer

Alcatel Submarine Networks, Orange Marine

Upgrader

Infinera, Infinera, Infinera

Upgrade Year

2011, 2012, 2013

Upgrade Capacity (Gbps)

10, 100, 40

Region

EMEA

View industry news related to this cable system

Page 207


Melita-1

MELITA-1 System Details RFS Year

2009

EOS Year

2034

Est. System Cost (USD)

$14,000,000

Length (km)

100

Design Capacity (Tbps)

0.00005

Owners

Melita Infrastructure Ltd.

Region

EMEA

View industry news related to this cable system

Landing Points • SaintPaul's Bay (Malta)

• Pozallo (Italy)

Page 208


MENA

MIDDLE EAST NORTH AFRICA System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

2014

• Zafarana (Egypt)

• Mazara (Italy)

EOS Year

2039

• Jeddah (Saudi Arabia)

• Djibouti City (Djibouti)

Est. System Cost (USD)

$210,000,000

• Al Seeb (Oman)

• Abu Talat (Egypt)

Length (km)

8,800

Design Capacity (Tbps)

57.6

Fiber Pairs

6

Wavelengths per Fiber Pair

96

Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps)

100

Owners

MENA Submarine Cable Systems, Telecom Egypt

System Supplier

TE SubCom

System Installer

Alcatel Submarine Networks, Elettra

Upgrader

Infinera

Upgrade Year

2016

Upgrade Capacity (Gbps)

100

Region

EMEA

Contact Email

bchamssi@mena-scs.com

View industry news related to this cable system

Page 209


METISS

PROJECT COMPLETION PHASES Pre-Engineering

Survey

System Manufacture

System Installation

Commissioning & Acceptance

MELTING POT INDIANOCEANIC SUBMARINE SYSTEM System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

2020

• (Mauritius)

• (LA Reunion)

EOS Year

2045

• (Madagascar)

• (South Africa)

Est. System Cost (USD)

$75,000,000

Length (km)

3,000

Design Capacity (Tbps)

24

Owners

Canal+ Telecom, CEB FiberNet, Emtel Ltd., SFR, Telma, ZEOP

Region

Indian Ocean Pan-East Asian

View industry news related to this cable system

Page 210


MIC-1

MORATEL INTERNATIONAL CABLE 1 System Details RFS Year

2008

EOS Year

2033

Est. System Cost (USD)

$10,000,000

Length (km)

70

Design Capacity (Tbps)

0.01

Owners

Moratelindo

System Installer

Global Marine Systems Limited

Region

AustralAsia

Contact Email

lim@moratelindo.co.id

View industry news related to this cable system

Landing Points • Changi (Singapore)

• Batam (Indonesia)

Page 211


Minerva

MINERVA System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

2007

• Catania (Italy)

EOS Year

2032

• Mazara (Italy)

Design Capacity (Tbps)

0.01

Region

EMEA

View industry news related to this cable system

• Yeroskipos (Cyprus)

Page 212


MIST

PROJECT COMPLETION PHASES Pre-Engineering

Survey

System Manufacture

System Installation

Commissioning & Acceptance

MIST System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

2022

• (Myanmar)

• Mumbai (India)

EOS Year

2047

• Chennai (India)

• (Singapore)

Est. System Cost (USD)

$400,000,000

Length (km)

11,000

Design Capacity (Tbps)

240

Fiber Pairs

12

Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps)

400

Owners

NTT Communications Corporation

Region

Indian Ocean Pan-East Asian

View industry news related to this cable system

Page 213


MKCS

MATARAM-KUPANG CABLE SYSTEM System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

2011

• Waingapu (Indonesia)

• Sumbawa Besar (Indonesia)

EOS Year

2036

• Saraemee (Indonesia)

• Mataram (Indonesia)

Est. System Cost (USD)

$94,000,000

• Kupang (Indonesia)

• Ende (Indonesia)

Length (km)

1,318

• Ambalawi (Indonesia)

Design Capacity (Tbps)

1.8

Fiber Pairs

6

Wavelengths per Fiber Pair

30

Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps)

10

Owners

PT Telekom

System Supplier

Huawei Marine, Nexans

System Installer

Nexans

Region

AustralAsia

Contact Email

natigor@telkom.co.id

View industry news related to this cable system

Page 214


Monet

MONET System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

2017

• Fortaleza (Brazil)

EOS Year

2041

• Santos (Brazil)

Est. System Cost (USD)

$280,000,000

Length (km)

10,556

Design Capacity (Tbps)

60

Fiber Pairs

6

Wavelengths per Fiber Pair

100

Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps)

100

Owners

Algar Telecom, Angola Cables, Antel, Google

System Supplier

TE SubCom

System Installer

TE SubCom

Region

Americas

Contact Email

antonio.nunes@angolacable s.co.ao

View industry news related to this cable system

• Boca Raton (United States)

Page 215


NATITUA

NATITUA System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

2018

• Nuka Hiva (French Polynesia)

• Hiva Oa (French Polynesia)

EOS Year

2043

• Makemo (French Polynesia)

• Fakarava (French Polynesia)

Est. System Cost (USD)

$62,500,000

• Arutua (French Polynesia)

• Kaukura (French Polynesia)

Length (km)

2,500

• Takaroa (French Polynesia)

• Manihi (French Polynesia)

Design Capacity (Tbps)

10

• Rangiroa (French Polynesia)

• Tahiti (French Polynesia)

Owners

OPT French Polynesia

Region

AustralAsia

View industry news related to this cable system

Page 216


NCP

NEW CROSS PACIFIC System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

2018

• Busan (South Korea)

• Hillsboro (United States)

EOS Year

2043

• Chongming (China)

• Toucheng (Taiwan)

Est. System Cost (USD)

$350,000,000

• Maruyama (Japan)

• Nanhui District (China)

Length (km)

13,618

Design Capacity (Tbps)

80

Fiber Pairs

7

Wavelengths per Fiber Pair

120

Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps)

100

Owners

China Mobile, China Telecom Corporation, China Unicom, Chunghwa Telecom Co., KT Corporation, Microsoft, SoftBank Mobile Corporation

System Supplier

SubCom

Region

Transpacific

Contact Email

ershim@microsoft.com

View industry news related to this cable system

Page 217


NCSCS

NIGERIA-CAMEROON SUBMARINE CABLE SYSTEM System Details RFS Year

2015

EOS Year

2040

Est. System Cost (USD)

$30,000,000

Length (km)

1,100

Design Capacity (Tbps)

12.8

Fiber Pairs

6

Owners

Cameroon Government, MainOne Cable Company

System Supplier

Huawei Marine

Region

EMEA

Contact Email

Bernard.Logan@mainone.ne t

View industry news related to this cable system

Landing Points • Lagos (Nigeria)

• Kribi (Cameroon)

Page 218


NEPTUNE Canada

NEPTUNE CANADA System Details RFS Year

2007

EOS Year

2032

Est. System Cost (USD)

$62,000,000

Length (km)

800

Owners

University of Victoria

System Installer

Alcatel Submarine Networks

Region

Americas

View industry news related to this cable system

Landing Points • Port Alberni (Canada)

Page 219


New Pacific

PROJECT COMPLETION PHASES Pre-Engineering

System Manufacture

Survey

System Installation

Commissioning & Acceptance

NEW PACIFIC System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

2021

• Puerto San Jose (Guatemala)

• Salinas (Ecuador)

EOS Year

2046

• Lurin (Peru)

• Arica (Chile)

Length (km)

7,300

• Valparaiso (Chile)

Design Capacity (Tbps)

108

Fiber Pairs

6

Owners

America Movil, Telxius

Region

Americas

Contact Email

conchi.gutierrez@telxius.co m

View industry news related to this cable system

Page 220


Norsea Com-1

NORSEA COM-1 System Details RFS Year

1999

EOS Year

2024

Length (km)

800

Design Capacity (Tbps)

0.16

Owners

North Sea Communications AS, Tampnet

System Supplier

Alcatel Kable Norge

Region

EMEA

Contact Email

mattias.fridstrom@teliacomp any.com

View industry news related to this cable system

Landing Points • Tysvær (Norway)

• Lowestoft (United Kingdom)

Page 221


North Sea Connect

PROJECT COMPLETION PHASES Pre-Engineering

Survey

System Manufacture

System Installation

Commissioning & Acceptance

NORTH SEA CONNECT System Details RFS Year

2020

EOS Year

2045

Length (km)

650

Owners

AquaComms

Region

EMEA

Contact Email

ereihill@aquacomms.com

View industry news related to this cable system

Landing Points • Esbjerg (Denmark)

• Newcastle (United Kingdom)

Page 222


Northstar

NORTHSTAR System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

1999

• Juneau (United States)

• Whittier (United States)

EOS Year

2024

• Valdez (United States)

• Nedonna Beach (United States)

Est. System Cost (USD)

$90,000,000

Length (km)

3,385

Design Capacity (Tbps)

0.01

Owners

Alaska Communications Systems, Cable & Wireless

System Installer

Alcatel Submarine Networks, Cable & Wireless

Region

Americas

View industry news related to this cable system

Page 223


OAC

PROJECT COMPLETION PHASES Pre-Engineering

Survey

System Manufacture

System Installation

Commissioning & Acceptance

OMAN AUSTRALIA CABLE System Details RFS Year

2021

EOS Year

2046

Length (km)

9,700

Fiber Pairs

3

Owners

SUB.CO

System Supplier

SubCom

Region

AustralAsia, Indian Ocean Pan-East Asian

View industry news related to this cable system

Landing Points • Perth (Australia)

• Muscat (Oman)

Page 224


Okinawa Cellular Cable

PROJECT COMPLETION PHASES Pre-Engineering

Survey

System Manufacture

System Installation

Commissioning & Acceptance

OKINAWA CELLULAR CABLE System Details RFS Year

2021

EOS Year

2046

Est. System Cost (USD)

$20,000,000

Length (km)

760

Design Capacity (Tbps)

80

Owners

Okinawa Cellular

System Supplier

NEC

System Installer

NEC

Region

AustralAsia

View industry news related to this cable system

Landing Points • Hioki (Japan)

• Nago (Japan)

Page 225


Orient Express

PROJECT COMPLETION PHASES Pre-Engineering

System Manufacture

Survey

System Installation

Commissioning & Acceptance

ORIENT EXPRESS System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

2021

• Kalba (United Arab Emirates)

EOS Year

2046

• Karachi (Pakistan)

Length (km)

1,300

Owners

Du, wi-tribe Pakistan

Region

EMEA, Indian Ocean PanEast Asian

View industry news related to this cable system

• Gwadar (Pakistan)

Page 226


Orval

ORAN-VALENCIA System Details RFS Year

2019

EOS Year

2043

Est. System Cost (USD)

$30,000,000

Length (km)

770

Design Capacity (Tbps)

40

Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps)

100

Owners

, Algerian Ministry of Post, Information Technology and Communications, Islalink

System Supplier

Alcatel Submarine Networks

System Installer

Alcatel Submarine Networks

Region

EMEA

View industry news related to this cable system

Landing Points • Valencia (Spain)

• Oran (Algeria)

Page 227


PAC

PAN-AMERICAN CROSSING System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

2001

• Tijuana (Mexico)

• Colon (Panama)

EOS Year

2026

• Fort Amadour (Panama)

• Grover Beach (United States)

Est. System Cost (USD)

$350,000,000

• Mazatlán (Mexico)

• Saint Croix (United States)

Length (km)

9,451

• Puerto Viejo (Venezuela)

Design Capacity (Tbps)

3.2

Fiber Pairs

2

Wavelengths per Fiber Pair

16

Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps)

100

Owners

CenturyLink

System Supplier

Tyco Telecommunications

System Installer

Tyco Telecommunications

Upgrader

Xtera

Region

Americas

Contact Email

Andy.Pitman@centurylink.co m

View industry news related to this cable system

Page 228


PAN-AM

PAN AMERICAN System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

1999

• Butler's Bay (Saint Croix)

• Arica (Chile)

EOS Year

2024

• Baby Beach (Aruba)

• Barranquilla (Colombia)

Est. System Cost (USD)

$260,000,000

• Battery Pratt (Panama)

• Panama City (Panama)

Length (km)

6,867

• Lurin (Peru)

• Punto Fijo (Venezuela)

Design Capacity (Tbps)

0.07

• Salinas (Ecuador)

• Magen's Bay (Virgin Islands)

Fiber Pairs

2

Owners

Antel, C&W, Cable Andino, CANTV, CNT EP, Embratel, Entel, Setar, Telecom Colombia, Telmex

Region

Americas

Contact Email

onovoa@antel.com.uy

View industry news related to this cable system

Page 229


Pangea

PANGEA System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

2000

• Redcar (United Kingdom)

• Måde (Denmark)

EOS Year

2025

• Lowestoft (United Kingdom)

• Fanø (Denmark)

Est. System Cost (USD)

$20,000,000

• Beverwijk (Netherlands)

Length (km)

511

Design Capacity (Tbps)

7

Owners

Pangea Ltd.

System Supplier

Nexans

System Installer

Alcatel Submarine Networks, Nexans

Region

EMEA

View industry news related to this cable system

Page 230


Paniolo

PANIOLO System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

2009

• Kaunakakai (United States)

• Kekeha (United States)

EOS Year

2034

• Hawaii Kai (United States)

• Maui (United States)

Length (km)

575

• Hawaii (United States)

• Makaha (United States)

Fiber Pairs

24

System Supplier

IT International Telecom

System Installer

IT International Telecom

Region

AustralAsia

View industry news related to this cable system

Page 231


PC-1

PACIFIC CROSSING 1 System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

2000

• Shima (Japan)

• Ajigaura (Japan)

EOS Year

2025

• Harbor Pointe (United States)

• Grover Beach (United States)

Est. System Cost (USD)

$650,000,000

Length (km)

20,910

Design Capacity (Tbps)

8.4

Fiber Pairs

4

Wavelengths per Fiber Pair

20

Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps)

100

Owners

AT&T Submarine System, Inc., NT Communications

System Supplier

Tyco Telecommunications

System Installer

Tyco Telecommunications

Upgrader

Infinera

Upgrade Year

2013

Upgrade Capacity (Gbps)

40

Region

Transpacific

Contact Email

rc358a@att.com

View industry news related to this cable system

Page 232


PCCS

PACIFIC CARIBBEAN CABLE SYSTEM System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

2015

• Cartagena (Colombia)

• Isla Verde (Puerto Rico)

EOS Year

2040

• Tortola (British Virgin Islands)

• Hudishibana (Aruba)

Est. System Cost (USD)

$160,000,000

• Balboa (Panama)

• Manta (Ecuador)

Length (km)

6,000

• Tera Cora (Curaçao)

• Jacksonville (United States)

Design Capacity (Tbps)

60

• Maria Chiquita (Panama)

Fiber Pairs

6

Wavelengths per Fiber Pair

100

Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps)

100

Owners

Cable & Wireless Communications, Setar, Telconet, Telxius

Region

Americas

Contact Email

dwatersnwn@aol.com

View industry news related to this cable system

Page 233


PEACE

PROJECT COMPLETION PHASES Pre-Engineering

Survey

System Manufacture

System Installation

Commissioning & Acceptance

PAKISTAN EAST AFRICA CONNECTING EUROPE System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

2021

• Zafarana (Egypt)

• Victoria (Seychelles)

EOS Year

2046

• Mombasa (Kenya)

• Mogadishu (Somalia)

Est. System Cost (USD)

$170,000,000

• Marseille (France)

• Kismayo (Somalia)

Length (km)

12,000

• Karachi (Pakistan)

• Hobyo (Somalia)

Design Capacity (Tbps)

60

• Gwadar (Pakistan)

• Djibouti City (Djibouti)

Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps)

200

• Bosaso (Somalia)

• Abu Talat (Egypt)

Owners

China-ASEAN Information Harbor, Tropic Science

System Supplier

Huawei Marine

System Installer

Huawei Marine

Region

EMEA

Contact Email

sunxh@htgd.com.cn

View industry news related to this cable system

Page 234


PEC

PAN-EUROPEAN CROSSING System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

1999

• Bredene (Belguim)

• Broadstairs (United Kingdom)

EOS Year

2024

• Veules-les-Roses (France)

• Seaford (United Kingdom)

Est. System Cost (USD)

$20,000,000

Length (km)

170

Design Capacity (Tbps)

0.01

Owners

CenturyLink

Region

EMEA

Contact Email

Andy.Pitman@centurylink.co m

View industry news related to this cable system

Page 235


PLCN

PROJECT COMPLETION PHASES Pre-Engineering

Survey

System Manufacture

System Installation

Commissioning & Acceptance

PACIFIC LIGHT CABLE NETWORK System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

2020

• (Philippines)

• San Fernando (Philippines)

EOS Year

2044

• Toucheng (Taiwan)

• Deep Water Bay (Hong Kong)

Est. System Cost (USD)

$300,000,000

• Los Angeles (United States)

Length (km)

12,900

Design Capacity (Tbps)

144

Fiber Pairs

6

Wavelengths per Fiber Pair

240

Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps)

100

Owners

Facebook, Google, Pacific Light Data Communication

System Supplier

SubCom

Region

Transpacific

Contact Email

business@pldcglobal.com

View industry news related to this cable system

Page 236


PPC-1

PIPE PACIFIC CABLE System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

2009

• Sydney (Australia)

EOS Year

2034

• Madang (Papua New Guinea)

Est. System Cost (USD)

$180,000,000

Length (km)

7,185

Design Capacity (Tbps)

2.56

Owners

PIPE Networks Ltd.

System Supplier

Tyco Telecommunications

System Installer

Tyco Telecommunications

Upgrader

Infinera

Upgrade Capacity (Gbps)

100

Region

AustralAsia

Contact Email

jason.sinclair@pipenetworks. com

View industry news related to this cable system

• Piti (Guam)

Page 237


Project Koete

PROJECT COMPLETION PHASES Pre-Engineering

System Manufacture

Survey

System Installation

Commissioning & Acceptance

PROJECT KOETE System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

2023

• Perth (Australia)

• Geraldton (Australia)

EOS Year

2048

• Carnarvon (Australia)

• Exmouth (Australia)

Est. System Cost (USD)

$450,000,000

• Dampier (Australia)

• Port Hedland (Australia)

Length (km)

11,500

• Broome (Australia)

• Darwin (Australia)

Design Capacity (Tbps)

60

• Flying Fish Cove (Australia)

• Jakarta (Indonesia)

Fiber Pairs

3

• Singapore (Singapore)

• Kuantan (Malaysia)

Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps)

100

Owners

Fibre Expressway

Region

AustralAsia

Contact Email

peterbannister@fibreexpress way.com

View industry news related to this cable system

Page 238


Qatar-UAE

QATAR-UAE System Details RFS Year

2004

EOS Year

2029

Est. System Cost (USD)

$10,000,000

Length (km)

208

Design Capacity (Tbps)

0.02

Region

EMEA

View industry news related to this cable system

Landing Points • Doha (United Arab Emirates)

• Abu Dhabi (United Arab Emirates)

• Halul Island (Qatar)

• Das Island (United Arab Emirates)

Page 239


Quintillion Subsea

QUINTILLION SUBSEA System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

2017

• Prudhoe Bay (United States)

• Utqiaġvik (United States)

EOS Year

2041

• Wainwright (United States)

• Point Hope (United States)

Est. System Cost (USD)

$150,000,000

• Kotzebue (United States)

• Nome (United States)

Length (km)

1,200

Design Capacity (Tbps)

30

Fiber Pairs

3

Wavelengths per Fiber Pair

100

Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps)

100

Owners

Quintillion Subsea Holdings

System Supplier

Alcatel Submarine Networks

System Installer

Alcatel-Lucent Submarine Networks

Region

Arctic

Contact Email

Kwoolston@qexpressnet.co m

View industry news related to this cable system

Page 240


RJCN

RUSSIAN-JAPAN CABLE NETWORK System Details RFS Year

2006

EOS Year

2031

Est. System Cost (USD)

$50,000,000

Length (km)

1,795

Design Capacity (Tbps)

0.64

Owners

Rostelecom

Region

AustralAsia

Contact Email

odegov@rt.ru

View industry news related to this cable system

Landing Points • Naoetsu (Japan)

• Nakhodka (Russia)

Page 241


RNAL

REACH NORTH ASIA LOOP System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

2001

• Wada (Japan)

• Busan (South Korea)

EOS Year

2026

• Toucheng (Taiwan)

• Tong Fuk (Hong Kong)

Est. System Cost (USD)

$900,000,000

Length (km)

9,792

Design Capacity (Tbps)

0.08

Fiber Pairs

6

Owners

CenturyLink, FLAG Telecom, Global Cloud Xchange, Telstra

Upgrader

Infinera, Infinera

Upgrade Year

2011, 2014

Upgrade Capacity (Gbps)

40, 40

Region

AustralAsia

Contact Email

obest@relianceglobalcom.co m

View industry news related to this cable system

Page 242


SAC

SOUTH AMERICAN CROSSING System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

2001

• Buenaventura (Colombia)

• Lurin (Peru)

EOS Year

2026

• Saint Croix (United States)

• Fortaleza (Brazil)

Est. System Cost (USD)

$520,000,000

• Fort Amadour (Panama)

• Las Toninas (Argentina)

Length (km)

15,983

• Valparaiso (Chile)

• Santos (Brazil)

Design Capacity (Tbps)

4.84

• Puerto Viejo (Venezuela)

• Rio de Janeiro (Brazil)

Fiber Pairs

4

Wavelengths per Fiber Pair

30

Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps)

40

Owners

CenturyLink

System Installer

Alcatel Submarine Networks

Upgrader

Infinera, Infinera

Upgrade Year

2010, 2011

Upgrade Capacity (Gbps)

10, 10

Region

Americas

Contact Email

Andy.Pitman@centurylink.co m

View industry news related to this cable system

Page 243


SACS

SOUTH ATLANTIC CABLE SYSTEM System Details RFS Year

2018

EOS Year

2043

Est. System Cost (USD)

$130,000,000

Length (km)

6,300

Design Capacity (Tbps)

40

Fiber Pairs

4

Wavelengths per Fiber Pair

100

Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps)

100

Owners

Angola Cables

System Supplier

NEC

System Installer

Orange Marine

Region

Transatlantic

Contact Email

antonio.nunes@angolacable s.co.ao

View industry news related to this cable system

Landing Points • Fortaleza (Brazil)

• Luanda (Angola)

Page 244


SAEx1

PROJECT COMPLETION PHASES Pre-Engineering

Survey

System Manufacture

System Installation

Commissioning & Acceptance

SOUTH ATLANTIC EXPRESS 1 System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

2023

• (Ascension)

• (Saint Helena)

EOS Year

2048

• Virginia Beach (United States)

• Cape Town (South Africa)

Est. System Cost (USD)

$450,000,000

• Fortaleza (Brazil)

Length (km)

14,720

Design Capacity (Tbps)

108

Fiber Pairs

6

Wavelengths per Fiber Pair

60

Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps)

200

Owners

SAEx International Limited

Region

Transatlantic

Contact Email

fiona@fionabeck.me

View industry news related to this cable system

Page 245


SAEx2

PROJECT COMPLETION PHASES Pre-Engineering

Survey

System Manufacture

System Installation

Commissioning & Acceptance

SOUTH ATLANTIC EXPRESS 2 System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

2023

• Cape Town (South Africa)

• (Singapore)

EOS Year

2048

• Chennai (India)

• (Mauritius)

Est. System Cost (USD)

$350,000,000

• (Madagascar)

• Mtunzini (South Africa)

Length (km)

13,900

Design Capacity (Tbps)

72

Fiber Pairs

6

Wavelengths per Fiber Pair

60

Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps)

200

Owners

SAEx International Limited

Region

Indian Ocean Pan-East Asian

Contact Email

fiona@fionabeck.me

View industry news related to this cable system

Page 246


SAFE

SOUTH AFRICA-FAR EAST System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

2002

• Cape Town (South Africa)

• Baie du Jacotet (Mauritius)

EOS Year

2027

• Cochin (India)

• Saint-Paul (Reunion)

Est. System Cost (USD)

$350,000,000

• Penang (Malaysia)

• Durban (South Africa)

Length (km)

13,669

Design Capacity (Tbps)

0.44

Owners

France Telecom, TATA Communications, Telekom Malaysia Berhad, Telekom SA

System Supplier

Tyco Telecommunications

System Installer

FCR, Tyco Telecommunications

Upgrader

Alcatel-Lucent Submarine Networks

Upgrade Year

2014

Upgrade Capacity (Gbps)

40

Region

Indian Ocean Pan-East Asian

Contact Email

carine.romanetti@orange.co m

View industry news related to this cable system

Page 247


SAIL

SOUTH ATLANTIC INTER LINK System Details RFS Year

2018

EOS Year

2043

Est. System Cost (USD)

$487,000,000

Length (km)

5,900

Design Capacity (Tbps)

32

Fiber Pairs

4

Wavelengths per Fiber Pair

80

Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps)

100

Owners

CamTel, China Unicom

System Supplier

Huawei Marine, Nexans

System Installer

Global Marine Systems Limited

Region

Transatlantic

Contact Email

l_kingue@yahoo.fr

View industry news related to this cable system

Landing Points • Fortaleza (Brazil)

• Kribi (Cameroon)

Page 248


SAM-1

SOUTH AMERICA-1 System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

2001

• Puerto Barrios (Guatemala)

• Arica (Chile)

EOS Year

2026

• Barranquilla (Colombia)

• Boca Raton (United States)

Est. System Cost (USD)

$650,000,000

• Fortaleza (Brazil)

• Mancora (Peru)

Length (km)

24,140

• Lurin (Peru)

• Las Toninas (Argentina)

Design Capacity (Tbps)

19.2

• Rio de Janeiro (Brazil)

• Salinas (Ecuador)

Fiber Pairs

4

• Salvador (Brazil)

• San Juan (Puerto Rico)

Wavelengths per Fiber Pair

48

• Santos (Brazil)

• Valparaiso (Chile)

Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps)

100

Owners

Telxius

System Supplier

Tyco Telecommunications

System Installer

Tyco Telecommunications

Upgrader

Infinera, Infinera, Infinera

Upgrade Year

2009, 2010, 2012

Upgrade Capacity (Gbps)

10, 100, 40

Region

Americas

Contact Email

alejandro.martinez@telefonic a.com

View industry news related to this cable system

• Puerto San Jose (Guatemala)

Page 249


SAPL

PROJECT COMPLETION PHASES Pre-Engineering

Survey

System Manufacture

System Installation

Commissioning & Acceptance

SOUTH AMERICA PACIFIC LINK System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

2021

• Grand Cayman (Cayman Islands)

• Valparaiso (Chile)

EOS Year

2046

• Naples (United States)

• Makaha (United States)

Est. System Cost (USD)

$450,000,000

• Balboa (Panama)

Length (km)

17,600

Design Capacity (Tbps)

30

Fiber Pairs

3

Wavelengths per Fiber Pair

150

Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps)

100

Owners

Ocean Networks

Region

Transpacific

Contact Email

scott.schwertfager@oceanne tworks.com

View industry news related to this cable system

Page 250


SAS-1

SAUDI ARABIA-SUDAN System Details RFS Year

2003

EOS Year

2028

Est. System Cost (USD)

$20,000,000

Length (km)

333

Design Capacity (Tbps)

1.28

Fiber Pairs

4

Owners

Saudi Telecom Company

Region

EMEA

Contact Email

ikussayer@stc.com.sa

View industry news related to this cable system

Landing Points • Jeddah (Saudi Arabia)

• Port Sudan (Sudan)

Page 251


SAT-3

SOUTH ATLANTIC 3 System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

2002

• Douala (Cameroon)

• Abidjan (Ivory Coast)

EOS Year

2027

• Accra (Ghana)

• Alta Vista (Spain)

Est. System Cost (USD)

$370,000,000

• Chipiona (Spain)

• Dakar (Senegal)

Length (km)

14,350

• Lagos (Nigeria)

• Libreville (Gabon)

Design Capacity (Tbps)

0.8

• Luanda (Angola)

• Melkbosstrand (South Africa)

Fiber Pairs

2

• Sesimbra (Portugal)

• Cotonou (Benin)

Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps)

40

Owners

British Telecommunications PLC, C&W, CamTel, CIT, Côte d’Ivoire Telecom, CPRM, France Telecom, Ghana Telecom, Maroc Telecom of Morocco, Nigerian Telecommunications Ltd, Nitel, OPT Benin, OPT Gabon, TATA Communications, TCI, Telecom Namibia, Telekom SA, Telxius, Togo Telecom

System Installer

Alcatel Submarine Networks

View industry news related to this cable system

Page 252


SCAN

SUBMARINE CABLE ASIA NETWORK System Details RFS Year

2011

EOS Year

2036

Est. System Cost (USD)

$337,000,000

Length (km)

4,300

Design Capacity (Tbps)

1.92

Owners

PT. Fangbian Iskan Corporindo, Telemedia Pacific Inc.

Region

AustralAsia

View industry news related to this cable system

Landing Points • Jakarta (Indonesia)

• (Hong Kong)

Page 253


SCF

SOUTHERN CARIBBEAN FIBER System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

2007

• Chaguaramas (Trinidad)

• Port Salines (Grenada)

EOS Year

2032

• Kingstown (Saint Vincent)

• Needham's Point (Barbados)

Length (km)

2,100

• (Saint Lucia)

• La Lamentin (Martinique)

Design Capacity (Tbps)

1.28

• Canefield (Dominica)

• Baillif (Guadeloupe)

Fiber Pairs

8

• Baie-Mahault (Guadeloupe)

• Saint John's (Antigua)

Owners

Digicel, Group Loret

• Basseterre (Saint Kitts and Nevis)

• Saint Barthelemy

System Supplier

Alcatel Submarine Networks, TE SubCom

• Saint Martin

• Saint Croix (United States)

System Installer

Alcatel Submarine Networks, TE SubCom

Region

Americas

View industry news related to this cable system

• San Juan (Puerto Rico)

Page 254


Scotland-Orkney-Shetland

SCOTLAND-ORKNEY-SHETLAND System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

2013

• Shetland (Scotland)

EOS Year

2038

• (Scotland)

Est. System Cost (USD)

$12,000,000

Length (km)

400

Owners

British Telecommunications PLC

Region

EMEA

View industry news related to this cable system

• Orkney (Scotland)

Page 255


Seabras-1

SEABRAS-1 System Details RFS Year

2017

EOS Year

2042

Est. System Cost (USD)

$509,000,000

Length (km)

10,750

Design Capacity (Tbps)

72

Fiber Pairs

6

Wavelengths per Fiber Pair

120

Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps)

100

Owners

Seaborn Group

System Supplier

Alcatel Submarine Networks

System Installer

Alcatel Submarine Networks

Region

Americas

Contact Email

info@seabornnetworks.com

View industry news related to this cable system

Landing Points • Wall Township (United States)

• Praia Grande (Brazil)

Page 256


SEACOM

SEACOM System Details RFS Year EOS Year Est. System Cost (USD) Length (km)

Design Capacity (Tbps) Owners

System Supplier System Installer

2009 2034 $600,000,000 13,601 4.2 Convergence Partners, Herakles Telecom LLC, Industrial Promotion Services, Remgro Limited, Sanlam Limited, SEACOM Ltd Tyco Telecommunications SSI Tyco Telecommunications SSI Ciena 2019

Landing Points • Dar es Salaam (Tanzania)

• Djibouti City (Djibouti)

• Maputo (Mozambique)

• Mtunzini (South Africa)

• Mumbai (India)

• Zafarana (Egypt)

• Mombasa (Kenya)

Upgrader

Upgrade Year Upgrade Capacity (Gbps)

100

Region

Indian Ocean Pan-East Asian

Contact Email

byron.clatterbuck@seacom. mu

View industry news related to this cable system

Page 257


SEAK

SOUTH EAST ALASKA System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

2008

• Ketchikan (United States)

• Juneau (United States)

EOS Year

2033

• Angoon (United States)

• Petersburg (United States)

Design Capacity (Tbps)

0.01

• Wrangell (United States)

• Sitka (United States)

Owners

GCI

• Hawk Inlet (United States)

Region

Americas

Contact Email

dwestlund@gci.com

View industry news related to this cable system

Page 258


SEA-ME-WE 3

SOUTH EAST ASIA-MIDDLE EAST-WESTERN EUROPE 3 System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

1999

• Fangshan (Taiwan)

• Mersing (Malaysia)

EOS Year

2024

• Medan (Indonesia)

• Mazara (Italy)

Est. System Cost (USD)

$1,500,000,000

• Marmaris (Turkey)

• Keoje (South Korea)

Length (km)

39,622

• Karachi (Pakistan)

• Jeddah (Saudi Arabia)

Design Capacity (Tbps)

12.8

• Alexandria (Egypt)

• Fujairah (United Arab Emirates)

Fiber Pairs

2

• Muscat (Oman)

• (Djibouti)

Wavelengths per Fiber Pair

64

• (Hong Kong)

• Da Nang (Vietnam)

Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps)

100

• Cochin (India)

• Chania (Greece)

• Batangas (Philippines)

• Ancol (Indonesia)

Owners

Cyprus Telecommunications Authority, SEA-ME-WE 3 Consortium, TATA Communications, Telekom Malaysia Berhad, Telstra

• Goonhilly (United Kingdom)

• Satun (Thailand)

• Tetouan (Morocco)

• Tungku (Brunei)

• Tuas (Singapore)

• Toucheng (Taiwan)

• Taipa (China)

• Suez (Egypt)

• Shantou (China)

• Mount Lavinia (Sri Lanka)

System Supplier

Fujitsu, KDD-SCS, Pirelli, Tyco Telecommunications

• Sesimbra (Portugal)

• Mumbai (India)

• Pyapon (Myanmar)

• Perth (Australia)

System Installer

Alcatel Submarine Networks, Tyco Telecommunications

• Penmarch (France)

• Penang (Malaysia)

• Ostend (Belgium)

• Okinawa Prefecture (Japan)

• Norden (Germany)

• Yeroskipos (Cyprus)

Upgrade Year

2015

View industry news related to this cable system

• Shanghai (China) Page 259


SEA-ME-WE 4

SOUTH EAST ASIA-MIDDLE EAST-WESTERN EUROPE 4 System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

2005

• Karachi (Pakistan)

• Annaba (Algeria)

EOS Year

2030

• Bizerte (Tunisia)

• Chennai (India)

Est. System Cost (USD)

$500,000,000

• Colombo (Sri Lanka)

• Cox's Bazar (Bangladesh)

Length (km)

18,846

• Alexandria (Egypt)

• Jeddah (Saudi Arabia)

Design Capacity (Tbps)

12.8

• Tuas (Singapore)

• Marseille (France)

Fiber Pairs

2

• Melaka (Malaysia)

• Mumbai (India)

Wavelengths per Fiber Pair

64

• Palermo (Italy)

• Satun (Thailand)

Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps)

100

• Suez (Egypt)

• Fujairah (United Arab Emirates)

Owners

Algerie Telecom, Bangladesh Submarine Cable Company, Bharti Airtel, CAT Telecom, Du, France Telecom, Pakistan Telecommunication Company Limited, Saudi Telecom Company, Sri Lanka Telecom Limited, TATA Communications, Telekom Malaysia Berhad, Tunisie Telecom, Verizon

View industry news related to this cable system

Page 260


SEA-ME-WE 5

SOUTH EAST ASIA-MIDDLE EAST-WESTERN EUROPE 5 System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

2017

• Matara (Sri Lanka)

• Al Hudaydah (Yemen)

EOS Year

2042

• Catania (Italy)

• Djibouti City (Djibouti)

Est. System Cost (USD)

$1,000,000,000

• Dumai (Indonesia)

• Fujairah (United Arab Emirates)

Length (km)

20,000

• Karachi (Pakistan)

• Abu Talat (Egypt)

Design Capacity (Tbps)

36

• Marmaris (Turkey)

• Zafarana (Egypt)

Fiber Pairs

3

• Medan (Indonesia)

• Melaka (Malaysia)

Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps)

100

• Ngwe Saung (Myanmar)

• Qalhat (Oman)

• Toulon (France)

• Tuas (Singapore)

• Yanbu (Saudi Arabia)

• Kuakata (Bangladesh)

View industry news related to this cable system

Page 261


SEA-US

SOUTH EAST ASIA-UNITED STATES System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

2017

• Piti (Guam)

• Ngeremlengui (Palau)

EOS Year

2042

• Makaha (United States)

• Magachgil (Micronesia)

Est. System Cost (USD)

$250,000,000

• Kauditan (Indonesia)

• Hermosa Beach (United States)

Length (km)

15,400

• Davao City (Philippines)

Design Capacity (Tbps)

20

Fiber Pairs

2

Wavelengths per Fiber Pair

100

Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps)

100

Owners

Globe Telecom, GTA, GTI, Hawaiian Telecom, RTI, Telin, Telkom USA

System Supplier

NEC

System Installer

S.B. Submarine Systems

Region

Transpacific

Contact Email

russ.matulich@rticable.com

View industry news related to this cable system

Page 262


SEAX-1

SEAX-1 System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

2018

• Mersing (Malaysia)

EOS Year

2043

• Batam (Indonesia)

Est. System Cost (USD)

$6,250,000

Length (km)

250

Fiber Pairs

24

Owners

Super SEA Cable Networks Pte. Ltd.

System Supplier

Huawei Marine, Nexans

System Installer

Huawei Marine

Region

AustralAsia

Contact Email

info@seacablex.com

View industry news related to this cable system

• Changi (Singapore)

Page 263


SG-SCS

SURINAME-GUYANA SUBMARINE CABLE SYSTEM System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

2010

• Totness (Suriname)

EOS Year

2035

• Macqueripe (Trinidad)

Est. System Cost (USD)

$54,000,000

Length (km)

1,249

Design Capacity (Tbps)

1.28

Fiber Pairs

2

Wavelengths per Fiber Pair

64

Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps)

10

Owners

Guyana Telephone and Telegraph Co. Ltd., Telesur

System Supplier

Huawei Marine, Nexans

System Installer

Global Marine Systems Limited

Region

Americas

View industry news related to this cable system

• Georgetown (Guyana)

Page 264


Shefa 2

SHETLAND-FAROESE 2 System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

2008

• Tórshavn (Faroe Islands)

• Sandwick (United Kingdom)

EOS Year

2033

• Maywick (United Kingdom)

• Banff (United Kingdom)

Est. System Cost (USD)

$27,000,000

• Ayre of Cara (United Kingdom)

Length (km)

828

Design Capacity (Tbps)

0.57

Owners

Faroese Telecom

System Supplier

IT International Telecom, NSW

Upgrader

Xtera

Region

EMEA

Contact Email

phv@ft.fo

View industry news related to this cable system

Page 265


SIGMAR

PROJECT COMPLETION PHASES Pre-Engineering

Survey

System Manufacture

System Installation

Commissioning & Acceptance

SINGAPORE-MYANMAR System Details RFS Year

2022

EOS Year

2047

Est. System Cost (USD)

$80,000,000

Length (km)

2,200

Fiber Pairs

4

Owners

Campana Group

Region

AustralAsia

View industry news related to this cable system

Landing Points • Tuas (Singapore)

• Yangon (Myanmar)

Page 266


Silphium

SILPHIUM System Details RFS Year

2012

EOS Year

2037

Est. System Cost (USD)

$20,000,000

Length (km)

426

Design Capacity (Tbps)

1.2

Fiber Pairs

3

Wavelengths per Fiber Pair

40

Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps)

10

Owners

Libyan Post, Telecom and Information Technology Company

System Supplier

Huawei Marine, Nexans

System Installer

Huawei Marine

Region

EMEA

View industry news related to this cable system

Landing Points • Chania (Greece)

• Darnah (Libya)

Page 267


SJC

SOUTH-EAST ASIA JAPAN CABLE System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

2013

• Tuas (Singapore)

• Telisai (Brunei)

EOS Year

2038

• Shantou (China)

• Nasugbu (Philippines)

Est. System Cost (USD)

$400,000,000

• Lantau (Hong Kong)

• Chikura (Japan)

Length (km)

8,986

Design Capacity (Tbps)

28

Fiber Pairs

6

Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps)

100

Owners

Brunei International Gateway Sendirian Berhad, China Mobile, China Telecom Corporation, China Telecom International Ltd., Donghwa Telecom Co., Globe Telecom, Google, SJC Consortium, Telemedia Pacific Inc., Telin, TOT Public Co Ltd.

System Supplier

TE SubCom

System Installer

S.B. Submarine Systems

Upgrader

TE SubCom, TE SubCom

Upgrade Year

2014, 2016

View industry news related to this cable system

Page 268


SJC2

PROJECT COMPLETION PHASES Pre-Engineering

Survey

System Manufacture

System Installation

Commissioning & Acceptance

SOUTHEAST ASIA–JAPAN 2 System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

2020

• Tanshui (Taiwan)

• Songkhla (Thailand)

EOS Year

2045

• Sihanoukville (Cambodia)

• Shima (Japan)

Est. System Cost (USD)

$265,000,000

• Quy Nhon (Vietnam)

• Busan (South Korea)

Length (km)

10,500

• Lingang (China)

• Fangshan (Taiwan)

Design Capacity (Tbps)

144

• (Hong Kong)

• Chikura (Japan)

Fiber Pairs

8

• Changi (Singapore)

Owners

China Mobile, Chuan Wei, Chunghwa Telecom Co., Facebook, KDDI, Singapore Telecommunications Limited, SK Broadband, VNPT

System Supplier

NEC

Region

AustralAsia

Contact Email

linette@singtel.com

View industry news related to this cable system

Page 269


SkagenFiber

PROJECT COMPLETION PHASES Pre-Engineering

Survey

System Manufacture

System Installation

Commissioning & Acceptance

SKAGENFIBER System Details RFS Year

2020

EOS Year

2045

Length (km)

170

Fiber Pairs

48

Owners

Altibox, Lyse

Region

EMEA

Contact Email

toril.nag@lyse.no

View industry news related to this cable system

Landing Points • Hirtshals (Denmark)

• Larvik (Norway)

Page 270


SKR1M

SISTEM KABEL RAKYAT 1 MALAYSIA System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

2017

• Miri (Malaysia)

• Mersing (Malaysia)

EOS Year

2042

• Kuching (Malaysia)

• Kota Kinabalu (Malaysia)

Est. System Cost (USD)

$100,000,000

• Cherating (Malaysia)

• Bintulu (Malaysia)

Length (km)

3,500

Design Capacity (Tbps)

6

Owners

Telekom Malaysia Berhad, TIME dotCom Berhad

System Supplier

NEC

System Installer

Telekom Malaysia Berhad

Region

AustralAsia

Contact Email

marzuki@tm.com.my

View industry news related to this cable system

Page 271


SMPCS

SULAWESI-MALUKU-PAPUA CABLE SYSTEM System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

2015

• Papua (Indonesia)

EOS Year

2040

• Sulawesi (Indonesia)

Est. System Cost (USD)

$71,100,000

Length (km)

2,000

Design Capacity (Tbps)

40

Owners

PT Telekom

Region

AustralAsia

Contact Email

natigor@telkom.co.id

View industry news related to this cable system

• Maluku (Indonesia)

Page 272


SMPR-1

ST. MAARTEN-PUERTO RICO 1 System Details RFS Year

2004

EOS Year

2029

Est. System Cost (USD)

$15,000,000

Length (km)

382

Design Capacity (Tbps)

0.0025

Region

Americas

View industry news related to this cable system

Landing Points • Saint Martin (Netherlands

• San Juan (Puerto Rico)

Antilles)

Page 273


Solas

SOLAS System Details RFS Year

2012

EOS Year

2037

Est. System Cost (USD)

$6,000,000

Length (km)

140

Design Capacity (Tbps)

0.005

Owners

Eircom

System Installer

Global Marine Systems Limited

Region

EMEA

View industry news related to this cable system

Landing Points • Kilmore Quay (Ireland)

• Oxwich Bay (United Kingdom)

Page 274


Southern Cross

SOUTHERN CROSS CABLE NETWORK System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

2000

• Whenuapai (New Zealand)

• Takapuna (New Zealand)

EOS Year

2030

• Suva (Fiji)

• Spencer Beach (United States)

Est. System Cost (USD)

$1,300,000,000

• Morro Bay (United States)

• Kahe Point (United States)

Length (km)

30,000

• Hillsboro (United States)

• Brookvale (Australia)

Design Capacity (Tbps)

22

• Alexandria (Australia)

Fiber Pairs

3

Wavelengths per Fiber Pair

16

Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps)

200

Owners

Southern Cross Cables Limited

System Supplier

Alcatel Submarine Networks, Fujitsu

System Installer

Alcatel Submarine Networks

Upgrader

Ciena, Ciena

Upgrade Year

2012, 2013

Upgrade Capacity (Gbps)

40, 40

Region

Transpacific

Contact Email

craige.sloots@sccn.co.nz

View industry news related to this cable system

Page 275


Southern Cross NEXT

PROJECT COMPLETION PHASES Pre-Engineering

Survey

System Manufacture

System Installation

Commissioning & Acceptance

SOUTHERN CROSS NEXT System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

2022

• Savusavu (Fiji)

• (Kiribati)

EOS Year

2047

• (Tokelau)

• Suva (Fiji)

Est. System Cost (USD)

$300,000,000

• Los Angeles (United States)

• Auckland (New Zealand)

Length (km)

13,483

• Sydney (Australia)

Design Capacity (Tbps)

72

Fiber Pairs

4

Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps)

100

Owners

Southern Cross Cables Limited

System Supplier

Alcatel Submarine Networks

Region

Transpacific

Contact Email

craige.sloots@sccn.co.nz

View industry news related to this cable system

Page 276


Svalbard

SVALBARD System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

2004

• Hotellneset (Norway)

EOS Year

2029

• Breivika (Norway)

Est. System Cost (USD)

$80,000,000

Length (km)

2,800

Design Capacity (Tbps)

4.8

Owners

Telenor

System Supplier

Nexans, Tyco Telecommunications

System Installer

Global Marine Systems Limited, Nexans, Tyco Telecommunications

Region

EMEA

Contact Email

bjorg.ostlyngen@telenor.co m

View industry news related to this cable system

• Harstad (Norway)

Page 277


Sweden-Latvia

SWEDEN-LATVIA System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

2004

• Ventspils (Latvia)

EOS Year

2029

• Fårösund (Sweden)

Length (km)

175

Design Capacity (Tbps)

0.0025

Fiber Pairs

34

Owners

Baltcom

System Supplier

TE SubCom

Region

EMEA

Contact Email

vatlers.bajars@bcfiber.lv

View industry news related to this cable system

• Stockholm (Sweden)

Page 278


SxS

PROJECT COMPLETION PHASES Pre-Engineering

Survey

System Manufacture

System Installation

Commissioning & Acceptance

SXS CABLE SYSTEM System Details RFS Year

2022

EOS Year

2047

Est. System Cost (USD)

$315,000,000

Length (km)

10,500

Design Capacity (Tbps)

96

Owners

RTI Connectivity

System Supplier

NEC

Region

Transpacific

Contact Email

smasuda@rticable.com

View industry news related to this cable system

Landing Points • San Francisco (United States)

• (Guam)

Page 279


TampNet

TAMPNET System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

2001

• Amsterdam (Netherlands)

• Måde (Denmark)

EOS Year

2026

• Copenhagen (Denmark)

• Hamburg (Germany)

Length (km)

600

• Stavanger (Norway)

• Kristiansand (Norway)

Owners

Tampnet

• Lowestoft (United Kingdom)

• Aberdeen (United Kingdom)

Region

EMEA

• Egersund (Norway)

View industry news related to this cable system

Page 280


Tangerine

TANGERINE System Details RFS Year

2000

EOS Year

2025

Est. System Cost (USD)

$10,000,000

Length (km)

121

Design Capacity (Tbps)

0.24

Fiber Pairs

96

Owners

CenturyLink

Region

EMEA

Contact Email

Andy.Pitman@centurylink.co m

View industry news related to this cable system

Landing Points • Ostend (Belguim)

• Broadstairs (United Kingdom)

Page 281


Tannat

TANNAT System Details RFS Year

2017

EOS Year

2042

Est. System Cost (USD)

$50,000,000

Length (km)

2,000

Design Capacity (Tbps)

90

Fiber Pairs

6

Owners

Antel, Google, Government of Uruguay

System Supplier

Alcatel Submarine Networks

System Installer

Alcatel Submarine Networks

Region

Americas

Contact Email

onovoa@antel.com.uy

View industry news related to this cable system

Landing Points • Maldonado (Uruguay)

• Santos (Brazil)

Page 282


Tannat Extension

PROJECT COMPLETION PHASES Pre-Engineering

Survey

System Manufacture

System Installation

Commissioning & Acceptance

TANNAT EXTENSION System Details RFS Year

2020

EOS Year

2025

Design Capacity (Tbps)

90

Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps)

100

Owners

Google

System Supplier

SubCom

Region

Americas

Contact Email

jaynes@google.com

View industry news related to this cable system

Landing Points • Maldonado (Uruguay)

• Las Toninas (Argentina)

Page 283


Tasman Global Access

TASMAN GLOBAL ACCESS System Details RFS Year

2017

EOS Year

2042

Est. System Cost (USD)

$60,000,000

Length (km)

2,300

Design Capacity (Tbps)

20

Fiber Pairs

2

Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps)

100

Owners

Spark New Zealand, Telstra, Vodafone Limited

System Supplier

Alcatel Submarine Networks

System Installer

Alcatel Submarine Networks

Region

AustralAsia

Contact Email

sigmund.paul@team.telstra.c om

View industry news related to this cable system

Landing Points • Sydney (Australia)

• Ngarunui Beach (New Zealand)

Page 284


TAT 14

TAT-14 System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

2001

• Tuckerton (United States)

• Saint Valery (France)

EOS Year

2026

• SaintAustell (United Kingdom)

• Norden (Germany)

Est. System Cost (USD)

$400,000,000

• Manasquan (United States)

• Katwijk (Netherlands)

Length (km)

15,453

• Bude (United Kingdom)

• Blaabjerg (Denmark)

Design Capacity (Tbps)

9.38

Fiber Pairs

4

Wavelengths per Fiber Pair

40

Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps)

40

Owners

KPN Telecom, TAT-14 Consortium

System Supplier

Mitsubishi Electric Corporation

System Installer

Global Marine Systems Limited

Upgrade Year

2012

Upgrade Capacity (Gbps)

40

Region

Transatlantic

Contact Email

sales@kpn-international.com

View industry news related to this cable system

Page 285


TE North

TELECOM EGYPT NORTH System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

2011

• Marseille (France)

EOS Year

2036

• Alexandria (Egypt)

Est. System Cost (USD)

$150,000,000

Length (km)

2,938

Design Capacity (Tbps)

20

Fiber Pairs

8

Wavelengths per Fiber Pair

25

Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps)

100

Owners

Telecom Egypt

Upgrader

Infinera

Upgrade Year

2012

Upgrade Capacity (Gbps)

100

Region

EMEA

Contact Email

mohamed.saro@telecomegy pt.com.eg

View industry news related to this cable system

• Cyprus (Republic of Cyprus)

Page 286


TEAMS

THE EAST AFRICAN MARINE SYSTEM System Details RFS Year

2009

EOS Year

2034

Est. System Cost (USD)

$130,000,000

Length (km)

4,500

Design Capacity (Tbps)

1.28

Owners

Etisalat, TEAMS Ltd.

Region

Indian Ocean Pan-East Asian

Contact Email

fsamahi@etisalat.ae

View industry news related to this cable system

Landing Points • Mombasa (Kenya)

• Fujairah (United Arab Emirates)

Page 287


TEAS

PROJECT COMPLETION PHASES Pre-Engineering

Survey

System Manufacture

System Installation

Commissioning & Acceptance

TRANS EUROPE ASIA SYSTEM System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

2021

• Neom (Saudi Arabia)

• Mumbai (India)

EOS Year

2046

• Marseille (France)

• Milan (Italy)

Length (km)

16,177

Owners

Cinturion

Region

EMEA, Indian Ocean PanEast Asian

Contact Email

rmarshall@cinturiongroup.co m

View industry news related to this cable system

Page 288


TGN Atlantic

TGN ATLANTIC System Details RFS Year

2001

EOS Year

2026

Est. System Cost (USD)

$340,000,000

Length (km)

12,670

Design Capacity (Tbps)

50

Fiber Pairs

4

Wavelengths per Fiber Pair

64

Owners

TATA Communications

System Supplier

Tyco Telecommunications

System Installer

Tyco Telecommunications

Upgrader

Ciena

Upgrade Year

2013

Upgrade Capacity (Gbps)

100

Region

Transatlantic

Contact Email

carl.osborne@tatacommunic ations.com

View industry news related to this cable system

Landing Points • Wall Township (United States)

• Highbridge (United Kingdom)

Page 289


TGN Eurasia

TGN EURASIA System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

2009

• (Djibouti)

• Mumbai (India)

EOS Year

2034

• Jeddah (Saudi Arabia)

• Zafarana (Egypt)

Est. System Cost (USD)

$250,000,000

Length (km)

9,240

Design Capacity (Tbps)

1.28

Owners

TATA Communications

Region

Indian Ocean Pan-East Asian

Contact Email

carl.osborne@tatacommunic ations.com

View industry news related to this cable system

Page 290


TGN Gulf

TGN GULF System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

2011

• Qalhat (Oman)

• Fujairah (United Arab Emirates)

EOS Year

2036

• Dubai (United Arab Emirates)

• Amwaj Island (Bahrain)

Est. System Cost (USD)

$200,000,000

• Al-Kheesa (Qatar)

• Al Khobar (Saudi Arabia)

Length (km)

2,306

Design Capacity (Tbps)

1.28

Fiber Pairs

2

Owners

TATA Communications

System Supplier

TE SubCom

Region

EMEA

View industry news related to this cable system

Page 291


TGN Intra-Asia

TGN INTRA-ASIA System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

2009

• Vung Tau (Vietnam)

• (Hong Kong)

EOS Year

2034

• Changi (Singapore)

• Ballesteros (Philippines)

Est. System Cost (USD)

$180,000,000

Length (km)

6,485

Design Capacity (Tbps)

3.84

Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps)

100

Owners

TATA Communications

System Installer

Orange Marine

Upgrader

Ciena

Upgrade Year

2014

Upgrade Capacity (Gbps)

100

Region

AustralAsia

View industry news related to this cable system

Page 292


TGN Northern Europe

TGN NORTHERN EUROPE System Details RFS Year

2002

EOS Year

2027

Length (km)

551

Design Capacity (Tbps)

3.84

Fiber Pairs

4

Owners

TATA Communications

Region

EMEA

Contact Email

carl.osborne@tatacommunic ations.com

View industry news related to this cable system

Landing Points • Humanby (United Kingdom)

• De Marne (Netherlands)

Page 293


TGN Pacific

TGN PACIFIC System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

2002

• Toyohashi (Japan)

• Piti (Guam)

EOS Year

2027

• Los Angeles (United States)

• Hillsboro (United States)

Est. System Cost (USD)

$580,000,000

• Emi (Japan)

Length (km)

21,424

Design Capacity (Tbps)

76.8

Fiber Pairs

8

Wavelengths per Fiber Pair

96

Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps)

100

Owners

TATA Communications

System Supplier

Tyco Telecommunications

System Installer

Tyco Telecommunications

Upgrader

Ciena

Upgrade Year

2014

Upgrade Capacity (Gbps)

100

Region

Transpacific

Contact Email

carl.osborne@tatacommunic ations.com

View industry news related to this cable system

Page 294


TGN Western Europe

TGN WESTERN EUROPE System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

2002

• Seixal (Portugal)

EOS Year

2027

• Bilbao (Spain)

Est. System Cost (USD)

$100,000,000

Length (km)

3,487

Design Capacity (Tbps)

3.84

Owners

TATA Communications

System Supplier

Tyco Telecommunications

System Installer

Tyco Telecommunications

Region

EMEA

Contact Email

carl.osborne@tatacommunic ations.com

View industry news related to this cable system

• Highbridge (United Kingdom)

Page 295


TGN-TIC

TGN TATA INDIACOM System Details RFS Year

2005

EOS Year

2030

Est. System Cost (USD)

$90,000,000

Length (km)

3,175

Design Capacity (Tbps)

5.12

Fiber Pairs

8

Wavelengths per Fiber Pair

64

Owners

TATA Communications

Region

Indian Ocean Pan-East Asian

View industry news related to this cable system

Landing Points • Changi (Singapore)

• Chennai (India)

Page 296


TIS

THAILAND-INDONESIA-SINGAPORE System Details RFS Year

2006

EOS Year

2031

Est. System Cost (USD)

$36,000,000

Length (km)

1,003

Design Capacity (Tbps)

0.03

Owners

CAT Telecom, PT Telekom, Singtel

System Supplier

Tyco Telecommunications

System Installer

ASEAN Cableship, Tyco Telecommunications

Region

AustralAsia

Contact Email

natigor@telkom.co.id

View industry news related to this cable system

Landing Points • Songkhla (Thailand)

• Batam (Indonesia)

Page 297


Tobruk-Emased

TOBRUK-EMASED System Details RFS Year

2010

EOS Year

2035

Est. System Cost (USD)

$10,000,000

Length (km)

180

Design Capacity (Tbps)

25.6

Fiber Pairs

8

Wavelengths per Fiber Pair

80

Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps)

40

Owners

Libyan Post, Telecom and Information Technology Company

System Supplier

Huawei Marine

System Installer

Orange Marine

Region

EMEA

View industry news related to this cable system

Landing Points • El Quawef (Libya)

• Tobruk (Libya)

Page 298


TPE

TRANS-PACIFIC EXPRESS System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

2008

• Tanshui (Taiwan)

• Qingdao (China)

EOS Year

2033

• Nedonna Beach (United States)

• Keoje (South Korea)

Est. System Cost (USD)

$440,000,000

• Maruyama (Japan)

• Chongming (China)

Length (km)

16,163

Design Capacity (Tbps)

25.6

Fiber Pairs

4

Wavelengths per Fiber Pair

64

Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps)

100

Owners

China Telecom Corporation, China Unicom, Chunghwa Telecom International, Verizon

System Supplier

TE SubCom, Tyco Telecommunications

System Installer

Global Marine Systems Limited, Tyco Telecommunications

Upgrader

TE SubCom

Upgrade Year

2013

View industry news related to this cable system

Page 299


TPN

PROJECT COMPLETION PHASES Pre-Engineering

Survey

System Manufacture

System Installation

Commissioning & Acceptance

TRANS PACIFIC NETWORKS System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

2022

• (United States)

EOS Year

2047

• (Singapore)

Owners

Trans Pacific Networks

Region

Transpacific

View industry news related to this cable system

• (Indonesia)

Page 300


TSE-1

TAIWAN STRAIT EXPRESS System Details RFS Year

2013

EOS Year

2038

Est. System Cost (USD)

$10,000,000

Length (km)

270

Design Capacity (Tbps)

6.4

Fiber Pairs

8

Owners

China Mobile, China Unicom, Chunghwa Telecom Co., Far EasTone Telecommunications, Taiwan International Gateway Corporation, Taiwan Mobile

System Supplier

Huawei Marine

System Installer

S.B. Submarine Systems

Region

AustralAsia

Contact Email

wangxh2@cnc.cn

View industry news related to this cable system

Landing Points • New Taipei City (Taiwan)

• Fuzhou (China)

Page 301


Tui Samoa

TUI SAMOA System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

2018

• Tuasivi (Samoa)

• Suva (Fiji)

EOS Year

2043

• Savusavu (Fiji)

• Mata-Utu (Wallis and Futuna)

Est. System Cost (USD)

$32,500,000

• Leava (Wallis and Futuna)

• Apia (Samoa)

Length (km)

1,410

Design Capacity (Tbps)

17.6

Fiber Pairs

2

Wavelengths per Fiber Pair

88

Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps)

100

Owners

Samoa Submarine Cable Company

System Supplier

Alcatel Submarine Networks

System Installer

Alcatel Submarine Networks

Region

AustralAsia

Contact Email

raymond@ssccsamoa.com

View industry news related to this cable system

Page 302


TWA-1

TRANSWORLD ASSOCIATES System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

2006

• Karachi (Pakistan)

EOS Year

2031

• Al Seeb (Oman)

Est. System Cost (USD)

$40,000,000

Length (km)

1,300

Design Capacity (Tbps)

1.28

Owners

Trans-World Associates

System Supplier

Huawei Marine, Tyco Telecommunications

System Installer

Tyco Telecommunications

Upgrade Year

2016

Upgrade Capacity (Gbps)

100

Region

EMEA

Contact Email

amiruddin@gmail.com

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• Fujairah (United Arab Emirates)

Page 303


Ugarit

UGARIT System Details RFS Year

1995

EOS Year

2020

Est. System Cost (USD)

$16,000,000

Length (km)

240

Design Capacity (Tbps)

0.000622

Owners

Cyprus Telecommunications Authority

System Supplier

AT&T Submarine System, Inc.

System Installer

AT&T Submarine System, Inc.

Region

EMEA

Contact Email

loizos.economides@cyta.co m.cy

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Landing Points • Pentaskhinos (Cyprus)

• Tartus (Syria)

Page 304


Unisur

UNISUR System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

1994

• Maldonado (Uruguay)

EOS Year

2019

• Florianopolis (Brazil)

Est. System Cost (USD)

$74,000,000

Length (km)

1,720

Design Capacity (Tbps)

0.00056

Owners

Antel, Embratel, Telecom Argentina, Telxius

Region

Americas

Contact Email

onovoa@antel.com.uy

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• Las Toninas (Argentina)

Page 305


Unity

UNITY System Details RFS Year

2010

EOS Year

2035

Est. System Cost (USD)

$300,000,000

Length (km)

9,486

Design Capacity (Tbps)

76.8

Fiber Pairs

8

Wavelengths per Fiber Pair

96

Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps)

100

Owners

Bharti Airtel, Global Transit, Google, Singtel

System Supplier

Tyco Telecommunications

System Installer

Kokusai Cable Ship, Tyco Telecommunications

Upgrader

Ciena

Upgrade Year

2013

Upgrade Capacity (Gbps)

100

Region

Transpacific

Contact Email

linette@singtel.com

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Landing Points • Redondo Beach (United States)

• Chikura (Japan)

Page 306


VMSCS

VODAFONE MALTA-SICILY CABLE SYSTEM System Details RFS Year

2004

EOS Year

2029

Est. System Cost (USD)

$10,000,000

Length (km)

250

Design Capacity (Tbps)

0.01

Owners

Vodafone Malta

Region

EMEA

Contact Email

dwatersnwn@aol.com

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Landing Points • Catania (Italy)

• Saint George's Bay (Malta)

Page 307


WACS

WEST AFRICA CABLE SYSTEM System Details

Landing Points

RFS Year

2012

• Yzerfontein (South Africa)

• Swakopmund (Namibia)

EOS Year

2037

• Seixal (Portugal)

• Sangano (Angola)

Est. System Cost (USD)

$600,000,000

• Praia (Cape Verde)

• Point Noire (Congo)

Length (km)

14,350

• Muanda (Democratic Republic

• Lome (Togo)

Design Capacity (Tbps)

14.5

Fiber Pairs

4

Wavelengths per Fiber Pair

32

Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps)

100

Owners

Broadband Infraco, C&W, Congo Telecom, MTN Group, Office Congolais de Poste et Telecommunication, TATA Communications, Telecom Namibia, Telekom SA, Togo Telecom, Vodacom

System Supplier

Huawei Marine

Upgrader

Huawei Marine

Upgrade Year

2015

View industry news related to this cable system

of Congo)

• Limbe (Cameroon)

• Lagos (Nigeria)

• El Goro (Spain)

• Accra (Ghana)

• Abidjan (Ivory Coast)

Page 308


WALL-LI

PROJECT COMPLETION PHASES Pre-Engineering

Survey

System Manufacture

System Installation

Commissioning & Acceptance

WALL-LI System Details RFS Year

2021

EOS Year

2046

Length (km)

125

Fiber Pairs

96

Wavelengths per Fiber Pair

100

Capacity per Wavelength (Gbps)

100

Owners

Crosslake Fibre, Inc.

Region

Americas

Contact Email

mike@mcunningham.ca

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Landing Points • Westbury (United States)

• Wall Township (United States)

Page 309


WARF

WARF System Details RFS Year

2007

EOS Year

2032

Est. System Cost (USD)

$20,000,000

Length (km)

680

Owners

WARF Telecom International

System Installer

Alcatel Submarine Networks

Region

Indian Ocean Pan-East Asian

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Landing Points • Male (India)

• Cochin (India)

Page 310


Western Visayas-Palawan

WESTERN VISAYAS-PALAWAN System Details RFS Year

2014

EOS Year

2039

Est. System Cost (USD)

$20,000,000

Length (km)

300

Owners

PLDT

Region

AustralAsia

Contact Email

gcsanchez@pldt.com.ph

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Landing Points • Taytay (Philippines)

• San Jose (Philippines)

Page 311

Profile for Submarine Telelecoms Forum

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Since the last issue, we have added ten new systems and updated an additional nintey-six The Almanac is made possible by our exclusive spon...

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