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the painting

sist e rMAG 4 9

kI SS T H E

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K I S S Gustav Klimt 1907-1908


THE KISS

d e a r s i s t e r M AG r eaders, Two passions motivated Gustav Klimt: painting, which he pursued from morning to night, and the female. He was possessed and fascinated by both the woman as a mythical being and the seductive beauty that manipulates men.

by Japanese screens covered with gold. His first works, in which gold dictated the overall composition, were the 1901 painting »Judith« with a precious golden veil that exposes her body more than it covers it, »Danae« from 1907/08 with the golden rain running down between her legs and the portrait of the entrepreneur’s wife »Adele Bloch-Bauer I« from 1907 who watches the viewer from a golden whole. Of course, the golden style inspired us strongly for this issue. Starting from the quick and refreshing recipe ideas of Lauren Caris to several DIY ideas for you to try out to our Digital Ladies Travel issue that leads us to the »Golden City« of Prague where Gustav Klimt had a big solo exhibition during his lifetime. The highlight of his »golden phase« was the 1907/08 painting »The Kiss« in oil and gold leaf. Already in the years before, Gustav Klimt

He made them famous, even immortal – the ordinary Viennese women, the girls of the people, ladies of the distinguished society, Jewish and aristocratic women. In sisterMAG 49, you find everything about Gustav Klimt: We talked to the Museum Belvedere in Vienna which owns the biggest Klimt collection worldwide with 24 artworks and is also the home of our namesake painting »The Kiss«. In the years 1903 to 1908, Klimt painted a series of paintings in the »golden style«, influenced by the 1,500-yearold Byzantine mosaic art of Ravenna (Emperors Justinian and Theodora) and 3

SISTERMAG 49 | 06 / 2019


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t he pa i nt i ng

dealt with romantic love. Some examples are his 1895 painting »Allegory of Love«, motifs in his »Beethoven Frieze« from 1901/02 or his »Kiss Concept« for the frieze in the Stoclet Palace (1910/11) in Brussels. The painting »The Kiss« was the peak of this series. For sisterMAG, we examine the kiss itself in detail. Which role do kisses play in art? How does kissing affect our health, and what are the risks? This leads us to the fascinating topic of »FemTech« – products and services that emphasise female health. In our Start-up Spotlight, we present one of them: the app »Natural Cycles«.

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Two lovers meet on a colourful flower meadow, protected by a golden wreath that protects, connects and unites them. The kneeling woman turns her tilted-back face with sensually closed eyes to the viewer, the closed red mouth emphasises the enjoying leisure of this hour. Her right arm encloses the shoulder of her lover, her left hand rests on his right hand that reaches from the golden gown and, together with the left hand, tenderly enfolds her head. The turning lover tilts his head on the beloved face, the famous »kiss« touches her right cheek. Colourful circular motives border her slender body in the rush of the golden gown that is stressed by white and black rectangles on the right side and softly assembled with round, red and grey spots on the right side. Golden vines, adorned with leaves, flow from the gown to the flower meadow. A green wreath in his head and colourful flowers on hers grace their hair, broadly surrounded by a warm starry sky. Art Nouveau. Gustav Klimt. 1908!


THE KISS

On the Vienna Art Show in 1908, the painting (oil, leaf gold) in the size of 180 x 180 cm was presented for the first time. In the same year, it was purchased by the I&R Ministry of Culture for the »Modern Gallery« in the Belvedere in Vienna. The question who the happy couple was has not been answered until today. Was Emilie Flöge who established a lifelong friendship with Gustav Klimt not only his confidante but also his lover? She was an emancipated, professionally successful woman who ran a fashion salon with her sisters. Independently and free, she opted against a permanent relationship with Klimt – especially because she knew about his various love affairs. Martina Klaric studied this special relationship between Gustav Klimt and his muses and makes a statement on how

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Klimt’s works can be seen in times of »MeToo«. You will also learn more about Klimt’s fashion that plays a big role in his works. Let’s understand this wonderful work of art as an invitation to enjoy life with all our senses and the whole heart. We, the sisterMAG team, are looking forward to the upcoming weeks leading us to our big anniversary issue no. 50. Until then, we’d love to read your feedback and many suggestions – by mail, Instagram or Facebook!

For the explanations to Gustav Klimt and the namesake painting »The Kiss«, I got help from Michael Neubauer this time.

& the sisterMAG Team

Toni, michael

SISTERMAG 49 | 06 / 2019


TABLE OF CONTENT

S I S T E R M A G # 4 9

03 08 14

212 PAGE 98 – INTERVIEW WITH MUSEUM BELVEDERE WIEN

18

EDITORIAL CONTRIBUTORS OF THE ISSUE REGISTRY OF DOWNLOADS IMPRINT

– GO L D– ALWAYS RADIANT, HEAVIER THAN SUGAR CUBES! Amazing facts about gold

26

A GOLDEN MENU

46

GOLDEN DIYS

64

PROJECTMANAGEMENT TOOLS-

Recipes by Lauren Caris Short

Let them inspire you

A goal without a program is just a dream

PAGE 26 – GOLDEN FOOD THEME

72

90 98

DIGITAL LADIES TRAVEL Prague

– KL IMT ± A RT – THE YEAR 1907 When Klimt painted »The Kiss« INTERVIEW MUSEUM BELVEDERE VIENNA A chat with the curator Franz Smola


106 122 138 PAGE 200 – THE POWER OF MEDICINAL PLANTS PAGE 172 – FEMTECH

154

KLIMT'S MUSES Emilie, Adele & other golden women SCANDAL! Gustav Klimt & his faculty paintings THE STYLE OF GUSTAV KLIMT Fashion-conscious artist and painterly designer

– KISSE S & FE MIN IN E – KISSING 8 surprising facts

162 172

THE KISS IN ART About an intimate gesture FEMTECH From an uncomfortable subject to a 50-billion dollar industry. A glance at the FemTech space

182

START-UP SPOTLIGHT

188

APHRODISIAC FOOD

Natural Cycles

by Olimpia Davies

200

THE POWER OF MEDICINAL PLANTS All good things come from nature


CONTRIBUTORS S I S T E R M A G # 4 9

Text Else Feikje van der Berg

medium.com Marlen Gruner

marlengruner.com Martina Klaric

@buchberuehrung Alex Kords

kords.net Julia Laukert

photo & Video Cris Santos

@csantosphoto Francisco Jauregui

@franja54 Howreggee

@howreggee

FOOD Lauren Caris Short

laurencaris.com Olimpia Davies

artisanfoodphotography.com Sandy Neumann

confiture-de-vivre.de

Nataliya

@natalchou sisterMAG Team

julialaukert.com Dr. Michael Neubauer

illustration

Jake Pietras

twitter.com/jakepietras

Philipa Rabbit

philiparabbit.com

Julia Schattauer

juliaschattauer.de

Dina Razin

@dinamalina_illustrations

Elisabeth Stursberg

@lizziemariees sisterMAG Team

proof

translation

Alex Kords

Alex Kords

kords.net

kords.net

Ira Häussler

Ira Häussler

Amie McCracken

amiemccracken.com Christian Naethler

Christian Naethler

@iamvolta Elisabeth Stursberg

@iamvolta

@lizziemariees

Michael Neubauer

sisterMAG Team

Judith Remke

intext-bremen.de

DIY Anna-Vera Piendl

paulsvera.com Chelsea Foy

lovelyindeed.com Claire

pillarboxblue.com Francesca Stone

fallfordiy.com Kate

mrkate.com/tag/diy


Styling Evi Neubauer

pinterest.com/evin Hürriyet Bulan

botanic-art.de sisterMAG Team

Hair & Makeup Franziska Dominick

@franziskadominick Tina Fischbach

@tinafischbach_makeupartist Katharina Handel

@katharina_handel Maha Hölbling

@maha.hoelbling.mua

THE COVER PHOTOS Cris Santos

MODEL MODELS Julia Sophie Wagner

juliasophiewagner.de

Julia Sophie Wagner

OUTFIT Evi Neubauer

HAIR & MAKE-UP Franziska Dominick


O U R

PORTRAIT

C O V E R

M O D E L

S I S T E R M A G

# 4 9

JULIA SOPHIE WAGNER

We actually saw and listened to our sisterMAG 49 cover model »live, in action« for the first time – and we were immediately impressed by her voice and performance. JULIA SOPHIE WAGNER is a worldwide asked for concert singer. Growing up with the music of JOHANN SEBASTIAN BACH, she quickly made a name for herself as a specialist for his music. Another focus of her work is chamber music. So she organizes recitals and chamber concerts with different partners.

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THE KISS

JULIA SOPHIE WAGNER tries to avoid any type of categorization. She feels at home in the music of the Baroque, as well as in the great works of Romanticism, as well as in contemporary music. The soprano enthusiastically

embraces

new

artistic and technical challenges.

JULIASOPHIEWAGNER.DE

Live on the concert stage, in front of the camera or the microphone and in the future also again on the opera stage, she is constantly trying new things, always driven by the desire to do justice to the composer and compositions and to convey her love for classical music to her audience through her interpretations.

McGill

University

in

Montreal,

Canada. She works with orchestras such as the National Symphony Orchestra Washington, the Leipzig Gewandhaus

Orchestra

or

the

Konzerthausorchester Berlin, many of her appearances have been

She studied at the conservatories

recorded for radio and television

in Weimar and Leipzig and was

and have been released on CD and

a DAAD scholarship student at

DVD.

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SISTERMAG 49 | 06 / 2019


O U R

PORTRAIT

C O V E R

M O D E L

S I S T E R M A G

# 4 9

To liberate the art song from

customary in classical music

its niche existence, is Julia

and visually pursues its own

Sophie Wagner’s special project

interpretive paths. She attempts

very dear to her heart, as Toni

to make these compositions,

learned during her interview.

which are very contemporary

She also takes unusual steps,

in their compact and clearly

such as the music video »LOST

defined structure, accessible to

#DUBISTDIERUH« ,

which

a new audience.

breaks away from the aesthetics

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THE KISS

IF YOU NOW FEEL LIKE LISTENING TO MORE OF JULIA SOPHIE WAGNER, YOU CAN EITHER ATTEND ONE OF HER CONCERTS (find all the dates on her

Ju l i a S o p h i e Wa g n e r

website or social media channels) OR TAKE PART

Together with the young director Marina M at t n e r I t r i e d t o f at h o m t h e s u b s ta n c e o f this composition. Also, w i t h t h i s p r o j e c t (as in

IN OUR PRIZE DRAW.

We are giving away 5 signed CDs »Leipziger

Schule.

Songs

by

F. Mendelsson Bartholdy, C. & R. Schumann, E. Grieg « and 4

»Elise« and »Leipzig School«)

signed CDs »Prinzessin Elise oder:

I t r y t o at t r a c t n e w people for this kind of music, to lower their entrance barriers, without compromising o n t h e c o n t e n t.

Märchenprinzen singen auch« (for children between 5-10) among all participants. Just drop us an email to GEWINNEN@SISTER-MAG.COM why you want to win the CD. You can find the terms & conditions HERE .

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DOWNLOADS

MULTIMEDIA FOCACCIA

LEMON TART

TOASTS

HERBS

BEETROOT TART

THAI SWEET POTATO SOUP

GOLDEN SMOOTHIE BOWL

VEGAN CHOCO MERINGUE KISSES

VIDEOS DIY FLORAL KEY CHAIN

DIY RAINBOW DECO


THE KISS

S T AY I N T O U C H !

FOLLOW US!

Follow along with our stories and daily news from the sisterMAG office easily on Instagram! You can find magazine content, many behind-the-scenes and snapshots of our contributors. And of course, giveaways, invitations and other exclusive activities can be found on @SISTER_MAG.

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GOLD S E C T I O N

1


Text: M A R L E N G R U N E R

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S H I N E

O N

W I T H

T H E S E

A M A Z I N G

gold F A C T S

ALWAYS RA DIA N T, H E AVIE R T H A N SUGA R CUB E S!

A B O U T

G O L D


THE KISS

amazing

ra d iant

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Shine on with these amazing facts about gold Gold is a part of our everyday life. Perhaps not in bar form, but certainly as coins, jewellery, and ornaments. As common as this material may seem, it is also quite extraordinary. The human body is said to contain 0.2 milligrams of gold, which enters our blood through plants via the soil and roots. Gold, which comes from the old Germanic word »GULÞA« and means yellow, arouses our fascination because it is a rare metal. It impresses not only women in the form of jewellery, but also men such as Australians John Deason and Richard Oates. In 1869 they

SISTER-MAG.COM

discovered the largest gold nugget ever found. It weighed a proud 72 KILOGRAMS , bears the name »WELCOME STRANGER« , and measures a full 10x25 centimetres. This is just one of many amazing facts about the shiny metal.

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THE KISS

is in the earth's crust It's true! There are about FOUR GRAMS OF GOLD IN 1,000 TONS OF EARTH ROCK . That's not

much, of course, but it made it all the more exciting for diggers in times of the gold rush to search for the shiny metal in or under the surface of the earth. In total, up to 30 BILLION TONS OF GOLD are said to lie in the earth's crust. So far, however, only about 190,000 tons have been mined. Millions of tons are also scattered on seabeds around the world.

gold is

Oh, yeah! It's many times – 18 TIMES , to be exact – HEAVIER THAN A SUGAR CUBE . A nugget this size

weighs 54 grams.

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is edible Gilded food and drinks are a real feast for the eyes. Exquisite delicacies and libations are often optically refined with GOLD LEAF and threads in upscale restaurants and trendy pubs. This is merely superficial. While the aesthetic contributes a luxurious effect, physicians see no physiological influence in consuming the metal. It simply passes through the digestive tract without any effect and is excreted again after consumption. It does not taste like anything either, but it does have its own code as a food additive: E175 .

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an impressive

The SHINY METAL has always fascinated us. The Ancient Greeks thought that gold was a highly dense combination of sunlight and water, while the

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THE KISS

Inca worshipped gods with it and referred to it as the »SWEAT OF THE SUN« . In the Bible, the word »GOLD« appears in as many as 400 passages and thus more frequently than the terms Mary, Joseph, and John combined.

GOLD IS

It is said to have been discovered more than 5,000 YEARS AGO and is considered one of the oldest known metals on earth along with copper. The first gold coins were produced around 540 B.C. and the first gold ducats minted in Venice around 1284 . Dollar coins were produced from real gold until the Great Depression in the 1930s. Even the first gold medals at the Olympic Games were made of gold; today they are merely plated with seven grams of gold due to the rarity of the metal. If the medals, which weigh around 500 grams, were made of pure gold, they would have a value of around 18,000 EUROS .

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is INDESTRUCTIBLE The metal is extremely ROBUST and retains its shine even after centuries in the ground. That's because it does not mix with other (chemical) elements, preventing it from rusting developing verdigris like iron or copper. It also does not tarnish like silver. Even if it were dissolved in corrosive acid, it could be restored through electrolysis.

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CAN BE SHAPED AND STREtCHED Of all the metals known to us, gold is the most DUCTILE . This property makes it possible to STRETCH and BEND a piece of gold seemingly infinitely. A single gram can be turned into an ultra-thin wire – finer than a human hair – about three kilometres long.

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THE KISS

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Recipes & Photos

Lauren Caris Short

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I N S P I R E D

B Y

K L I M T ' S

G O L D E N

P E R I O D

a golden menu

FO O D FE AT URE


THE KISS

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Recipe

DOWNLOAD

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THE KISS

Roasted Golden Beetroot

TaRT

I N G R E D I E N T S

1 s h e e t v e g a n p u f f p a s t r y 6-7 tbsp onion jam 2 0 0 g y e l l o w b e e t r o o t 2 0 0 g f r e s h a s p a r a g u s 1 t b s p a l m o n d m i l k 1 - 2 t b s p m i x e d s e e d s

F O R

T O P P I N G :

F r e s h g r e e n s

F r e s h p e a s F r e s h r e d b e e t r o o t

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P R E PA R AT I O N

STEP 1 Preheat the oven to 180°C. Drizzle the yellow beetroot with a little olive oil, season with salt and pepper and wrap in tin foil. Bake for 30-40 minutes until soft. Allow to cool then chop into chunks.

STEP 2 Unroll the puff pastry sheet and place on a baking sheet lined with baking paper. Score the pastry with a knife all the way around about 1cm in from the edges to create a border. Be careful not to cut the pastry all the way through. Brush the border with the almond milk and sprinkle on the mixed seeds.

Step 3 Spread the onion jam onto the pastry inside the border, then place the asparagus on top, followed by the golden beetroot chunks.

Step 4 Bake for 30 minutes until the pastry is golden.

STEP 5 Top with fresh greens, fresh peas and some raw slices of red beetroot for a sweet crunch.

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THE KISS

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Rezept

DOWNLOAD

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THE KISS

thai sweet potato Red Curr y Soup

I N G R E D I E N T S

1 r e d o n i o n

To p p i n g s :

5 0 0 g s w e e t p o t a t o

f r e s h C o r i a n d e r

1 - 2 t b s p v e g a n T h a i R e d Curry paste

C o c o n u t m i l k

7 5 0 m l v e g e t a b l e S t o c k 4 0 0 m l C o c o n u t m i l k

R e d C h i l l i C r u s h e d s a l t e d Pe a n u t s

1 i n c h p i e c e o f g i n g e r 3 c l o v e s g a r l i c 2 t b s p Pe a n u t b u t t e r J u i c e o f 1 l i m e

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THE KISS

P R E PA R AT I O N

STEP 1 Roughly chop the red onion, and mince the garlic and ginger together. Saute in a soup pot with a little oil for 3-4 minutes until the onion softens.

Step 2 Peel and chop the sweet potato into 1 inch cubes, and add to the pan with the onions and toss to coat. Add the red curry paste, stirring so everything is coated and cook for a couple of minutes.

Step 3 Add the vegetable stock, coconut milk and peanut butter and stir. Cover with a lid and cook for 20 minutes until the sweet potato is completely cooked. Either use a stick blender to blend the soup, or transfer to a blender and blend until smooth. Finally stir in the lime juice.

Step 4 Top with an extra swirl of coconut milk, chopped coriander, fresh chillies and chopped salted peanuts

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Golden SmOOthie Bowl w i t h Tu r m e r i c G r a n o l a

I N G R E D I E N T S

G R A N O L A :

S M O O T H I E

B O W L :

4 t b s p C o c o n u t o i l

3 f r o z e n B a n a n a s

4 t b s p Ma p l e S y r u p

3 0 0 g f r e s h Ma n g o

Z e s t a n d j u i c e o f 1 orange

1 c m p i e c e G i n g e r 2 5 0 m l f r e s h o r a n g e j u i c e

2 0 0 g O a t s 3 0 g g r o u n d A l m o n d s 1 3 0 g A l m o n d s - r o u g h l y choppe d

Ic e c u b e s ( i f d e s i r e d f o r slightly thicker smoothie).

1 /2 t b s p G r o u n d Tu r m e r i c 1 /2 t b s p G r o u n d C i n n a m o n 1/8 tbsp Ground Ginger

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a


THE KISS

Recipe

DOWNLOAD

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P R E PA R AT I O N

STEp 1 Preheat the oven to 160 °C.

Step 2 First make the granola. In a saucepan, combine the zest and juice of one orange, the coconut oil and the maple syrup and heat gently until the coconut oil is melted and everything is mixed.

Step 3 Place all the dry ingredients for the granola into a bowl and pour over the heated mixture. Mix thoroughly until everything is evenly coated.

Step 4 Put the granola mixture onto a flat baking sheet lined with baking paper and spread into an even layer. Bake for 20 minutes, the stir and bake for another 5 minutes. Remove from the oven and allow to cool completely to harden up.

Step 5 Place all the ingredients for the smoothie bowl into a blender and blend until completely smooth. Top with some granola and fresh fruits.

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THE KISS

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SISTERMAG 49 | 06 / 2019


Recipe

DOWNLOAD

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THE KISS

Ve g a n C h o c o l a t e Meringue

Kisses I N G R E D I E N T S

M E R I N G U E

K I S S E S

A q u a fa b a f ro m o n e 40 0 g c a n o f chickpeas, simmere d down by half of which 75g total are nee de d for this recipe

P i n c h o f c r e a m o f t a r t a r 2 0 0 g C a s t e r S u g a r 5 0 m l Wa t e r 5 0 g 7 0 % d a r k C h o c o l a t e

G A N A C H E

F I L L I N G

1 5 0 g 7 0 % d a r k C h o c o l a t e 1 2 0 m l c a n n e d C o c o n u t M i l k G o l d L e a f f o r d e c o r a t i n g

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Step 1 Drain the liquid from one 400g can of chickpeas and transfer it into a small saucepan. Simmer until the liquid has reduced by half. Put into a glass jar and place in the fridge overnight.

Step 2 Preheat the oven to 110°C.

Step 3 When you’re ready to make the meringue, measure out 75g of aquafaba into the bowl of a stand mixer and add a pinch of cream of tartar. With the balloon whisk attachment, whisk on high speed until you have a mixture with soft peaks.

Step 4 While this is whisking, place the caster sugar and water into a saucepan and bring to a boil until the mixture reaches 117°C. Once it reaches this temperature, turn the stand mixer onto a medium speed and very slowly pour in the sugar mixture. Once you have added it all, turn the mixer back up to high speed and whisk for another 5 minutes, or until the bowl is cool. Once finished you will have a glossy meringue mixture.

Step 5 Melt the dark chocolate and drizzle on top of the meringue and very gently fold it through just a couple of times - be careful not to overmix it.

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THE KISS

Step 6 Put the meringue mixture into a piping bag with a round piping tip and pipe small dollops onto a flat baking tray lined with parchment paper. As you release the pressure from the piping bag, lift it away to create the little “peak� on top of the meringue kiss.Bake for 2 hours, then remove from the oven and allow to cool completely overnight.

Step 7 If desired, decorate each meringue kiss with a little gold leaf by using a brush to brush a tiny amount of water on the surface and gently placing the gold leaf onto it.

Step 8 To make the ganache, break the dark chocolate into a heatproof bowl. Heat the coconut milk in a small saucepan until simmering, then pour over the chocolate. Let it sit for a minute, then stir until you have a glossy ganache. Allow the mixture to cool and thicken up a little until it’s a pipeable consistency, then pipe onto one meringue kiss and sandwich with another one. Let cool completely and enjoy!

Step 9 Store in an airtight container for up to 5 days.

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diys with gold

BL O GGE R FE AT URE


THE KISS

Klimt’s pictures don’t only enchant us with their special style, we also love them because of their unique colouring that highlights the colour gold. Even more of a reason to pay respect to the colour that so often only gets used around Christmas time. We collaborated with a couple of bloggers that agree with the sisterMAG team: gold is a colour to be used all year round! Be inspired by the different DIYs using this expressive colour and have fun with being creative!

Text: THERESA BAIER

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DIY m ini beaded rin g s by fall for diy

WATC H FALL FOR DIY'S TUTORIAL SISTER-MAG.COM

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THE KISS

YOU'LL NEED

1,5 mm Wire

Small wooden beads

0,5 mm Wire

Jewellery Plier Set

INSTRUCTIONS 1. Use a ring gauge or a marker pen

the same size as your finger (test this with your own rings). Warm a length of 1.5mm wire by running it through your fingers 5-10 times, then holding the end against the ring gauge wrap the wire around 5 times creating a coil. Use your cutter pliers to snip the wire along the coil to create many loops. 2. Neatly wrap the 0.5mm wire around

one of your ring loops creating a coil along the wire. Thread you beads onto the wire and wrap the remaining wire around the ring covering the join. 3. Cut off any excess 0.5mm wire

and press the ends down as flat as possible. You can also file the ends smooth with a nail file to stop them catching.

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DIY ringdish w ith gol den r im by Pauls Vera

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THE KISS

YOU'LL NEED

Air-drying or baked modelling clay

Rolling pin

Acrylic colour (black)

Paintbrush

Nail polish (gold)

if necessary clear varnish

Bowls

Baking paper/clingfilm INSTRUCTIONS 1.

PREPARE

THE

MATERIAL:

Knead the clay until it is malleable and and roll it into a ball. I used the baked clay to make smaller dishes with a walnut-sized ball. The bigger dishes in air-dried clay took almost twice as much material.

2.

ROLL

OUT

THE

CLAY:

Put your ball between two sheets of clingfilm or baking paper and roll out using a rolling pin. The baked clay can be a little flatter than the air-drying one.

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3.

SHAPE

THE

CLAY:

For the air-dried clay, I used a small bowl and pressed the clay into it. For the baking clay, I just carefully took up the rim with my hands and followed the instructions to bake them.

4.

PAINT

THE

DISHES:

As soon as the dishes are hardened / cooled, you can paint them. For the black sprinkles, I thinned some black acrylic paint with a tiny bit of water and just splattered it onto the bowls using a paintbrush. Just fling the brush at your dishes quite forcefully and let the paint drip (remember to protect your surroundings from splatters using newspaper or something similar). I used goldcoloured nail polish to paint the rim of the bowls – the sparkly one I had at home gave me the best results. As soon as everything has dried, you can use clear varnish to set and protect the paint. This way, it will almost be as shiny as real porcelain. Done!

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THE KISS

Nudelholz Schälchen Borstenpinsel ggf. Klarlack

WATC H PAU L S VE R A' S T U T O R I A L

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DIY gol d crush e d can pl an te r s by Pillar Box Blue

WATC H PI L L A R BOX BLUE'S TUTORIAL SISTER-MAG.COM

54


THE KISS

YOU'LL NEED

Tin cans Hammer Chrome gold spray paint INSTRUCTIONS 1. To achieve a sort of crumpled

bag look with your tin cans you will need a hammer. I bashed the tin cans in the middle to crush them. Rotating them as I bashed away. This was fun but don’t get too carried away taking your frustrations out on a tin can, you want them to be useable and not a crumpled mess. 2. Once you are happy with the way

your tin cans look, simply spray with the gold paint.

3. Once dry your DIY planters

are ready for your succulents. To help with drainage like with my colourful tin can planters, I put a layer of gravel in the cans before adding compost and plants.

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DIY pha se s o f th e m o o n pe n dan t by Mr. Kate

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THE KISS

YOU'LL NEED

Thin sheet metal

Long-Nose pliers

Chain

Circular stencil

Jumprings

Gold beads

Metal hole punch

Wire

Cutting pliers

Marker

Sandpaper INSTRUCTIONS 1. Using your circular stencil and a

pen, draw out your moons. We made 5 moons, like the Phases of the Moon Necklace, but depending on how long or short you want your pendant to be, you could make 3 or 7 or 9! 2. Cut out the moons with the

cutting pliers. It’s not easy to cut round shapes normally, and with a small tool and sheet metal, it can be especially tricky. Work slowly and use the sand paper to smooth out any jagged edges. I also used the sand paper to give the moons a slightly scuffed texture, but that is a personal touch that is up to you!

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3. Now it’s time to put these

moons together! Use the metal hole punch to make holes on either side of the width of the moon (you’ll want them to hang on their side, not up and down!)

4. Measure how much chain you

want between the moons and cut 4 pieces of the same length. Cut 2 pieces for the top and bottom of the pendant, as well, of whatever length suits your pendant best. Use the long-nose pliers to attach the chain to the moons with jump rings. If you need more details on this step, I detail the chain and jump ring process in this Chain Water Bottle Purse tutorial !

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THE KISS

5. Cut a length of wire and wrap

around the bottom chain link, then hang down. String your beads up the wire and wrap the tail through and around the last bead to secure them! Cut another length of wire and string through the top chain link, then twist into a loop that you will use to hang the pendant from!

6. Hang up your pendant and enjoy

the ethereal, magical effect it has on your home decor!

WATC H M R . KAT E ' S TUTO R I A L

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DIY gil ded l ea th e r bu siness card c ase by lovely indeed

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THE KISS

YOU'LL NEED

Martha Stewart's business card template

ModPodge

a piece of suede that's at least 7x7 inches

Tweezers

Pen Scissors

2 paintbrushes Gold leaf Button-stud

Leather punch

INSTRUCTIONS 1. Print out the template, cut it out,

and trace it lightly onto your suede.

2. Cut out the suede and punch

holes in the designated corners. For the smaller three, choose a size that the shaft of the button-stud will fit through, and for the larger one, choose a size large enough for the ball to fit through and stay secure. If your leather punch doesn’t have a size large enough, you can cut a small slit by the hole to make it a little larger. 61

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3. Next, lay down a layer of ModPodge.

Use a paintbrush to spread it on the outside of the suede (you’ll need to plan which side you want in and which you want out). Put the paint on in the pattern that you’d like the gold leaf to be attached. 4. Working quickly, use the tweezers

to set down a piece of gold leaf. Be careful to not let it fold over as you set it down. Let the ModPodge grab the gold leaf and gently press it down all over with a clean, dry paintbrush. After the glue dries a bit, use the dry paintbrush again to swipe off any excess gold leaf. 5. Allow the glue to dry completely,

and fold the holder into its intended shape. Sides fold first, followed by the bottom. Put the button-stud through these three and screw it tight. Finally, make sure that the button fits through the large hole. Expect some gold leaf to crack and flake off. Just dust off any flakes and reapply or spot fix if you desire.

WATC H L O V E LY I N D E E D ' S T U T O R I A L

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THE KISS

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Text: JAKE PIETRAS

I S

A

D R E A M

Program

A PL A N W IT H O UT A


THE KISS

H O W

simple TOOls your PROjects H E L P Y O U R E A L I S E

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W E P L A I N O R L I V

A L N S O U P R E S

L , R I V

M W C A

A K E H E T H E R A R E E R T E

We all make plans, whether in our career or private lives. However, effectively and successfully turning particularly complex projects into reality can often be quite a challenge and downright overwhelming. We will introduce a few tools that will help you to easily plan your

Although this article’s headline is an old proverb from before the time of smartphones and computers, it fits perfectly into our present day. We all have a lot to do, whether in our private lives, in business or as a one-woman show. We frequently get bogged down in hand-written to-do lists or we are overwhelmed by the extent of a project that seems insurmountable in the beginning.

goals and implement them with motivating milestones. This is why we want to show you a few apps that will help you structure your projects and get them done effectively – whether you are at home or on the go.

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THE KISS

To-Do-list A P P S

F O R

S M A L L E R

P R O J E C T S

If you want to bring a little bit of structure to your everyday life or KEEP want to tackle smaller projects, you basically only need simple note-taking apps that can be a fantastic help using a simple trick. GOOGLE’S APP KEEP for Android devices and iPhones offers a completely free way to take notes of your individual tasks. Every subtask of a project is put in a separate note – for instance if you want to create a food blog:

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O T H E R R E C O M M E N D A T I O N S

To-Doliste »REGISTER

THE

WEBSITE«

Above all, a notetaking app such as Google Keep or the well-known EVERNOTE help you focus on what still has to be done, so that you can concentrate on the task itself and the how.

becomes a note and »RECIPE FOR

GLUTEN-FREE

BREAD«

another. In order to avoid a mess when the notes accumulate, you assign a label to each note. »1« for the most important tasks, »2« for the less important ones and so on. The app can then filter every task marked with a »1« and you can get all of them done before going on to the less important ones.

Other recommendations for to-do list apps are ANY.DO , WUNDERLIST or TODOIST , which are all free, with additional features being available for just a few euros. By the way – all of these apps can be used on a smartphone as well as on a tablet or laptop.

With this simple method, you can divide up projects into smaller work packages and get them done according to importance.

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THE KISS

ProjectmanagementApps F O R

F U T U R E

P R O F E S S I O N A L S

If your project gets bigger, we recommend using a bigger calibre. While TO-DO LISTS serve their purpose for relatively straightforward projects, they are usually not enough for bigger tasks involving several people. Professional applications such as the very popular app ASANA , on the other hand, offer features such as detailed timelines, task assignments to individual members of the project or internal file management and chats.

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ASANA works well

for smaller teams, but also for bigger companies, and even its free version offers lots of features for up to 15 users. With ASANA , you can manage several projects at the same time, comment on certain tasks or highlight them with a colour and talk to the respective team members in a project-specific chat. There is also the possibility of being reminded via e-mail if a task is due or has been completed by someone so that you can continue working on it. For instance, if your designer is done with the layout of your blog, you can then bring it to life.

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M A K I N G P L A Y F U L

P R O J E C T S W I T H

trello

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is another widely used application, and not without reason. With TRELLO , you can structure your projects in easy-to-read columns. Tasks that have to be done go into the first column, tasks that are being done in the second and jobs that have already been done in the third column. You can simply slide


THE KISS

As you can see, planning projects, even bigger ones, is no longer a problem, and

them into the right column, add information and CHECK LISTS , assign them to people or comment them. You can of course use more columns, for instance for tasks that have been put on hold until others are done or ones that have to be discussed. Trello allows you to change your tabs according to your projects.

in most cases even free and available on all devices.

If your dream project grows and requires more features, you can add on to the respective software according to your needs.

And even then it remains affordable.

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Let us take you on a magical journey through »The Golden City« Prague!

prague

DIGITA L L A DIE S T RAVE L


THE KISS

e u g a r P

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Digital Ladies Travel sisterMag Travel series

Prague

If you take a closer look at the biography of the Viennese artist Gustav Klimt, one quickly realizes that his artistic work went far beyond the city limits of Vienna. During his lifetime, for example, he had a big solo exhibition in Prague, which we used as an opportunity to introduce you to this city in our sisterMAG travel series. In our research we came across the beautiful feed of Nataliya (@natalchou) who lives in Prague and provides exciting insights into her city away from the well-known tourist places and creates special snapshots. Let us take you on a magical journey through Prague!

Text & Photos

NATALCHOU SISTER-MAG.COM

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THE KISS

Coziest Café I suggest you start your Saturday with a short ride (or a stroll if you are a fan) to VINOHRADY DISTRICT .

Prague is full of wonderful and cozy coffee places and breakfast spots. Many of them do not take reservations during the weekend, but the waiting times are not that long.

This is one of the most picturesque residential areas in town. The local farmer’s market on the NÁMĚSTÍ JIŘÍHO Z PODĚBRAD (called »JZP« by expats to make it easier to pronounce) offers a great selection of local specialties, coffee from local roasters, fresh food and flowers. You can taste some great wine from the Moravia region; do give it a try, you will be pleasantly surprised by the Czech wine. If you feel like sitting down and having a slow breakfast, there are plenty of choices in this area.

KANTYNA

IF CAFE

My personal favourites are: LE CAVE AU is a French bakery located on the square of JZP where you can stop by for the best croissant in town, make sure to arrive early, as they might run out of these, or just take a seat on the terrace of their café. The truffle omelette and French toast are simply perfect. So is their coffee.

MY FAVOURITES 75

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COFFEE CORNER BAKERY

IF CAFE

Coffee place not to miss Coffee Cube Jakubská, 11

on 0 00 Staré Město

Coziest Café CO FF EE CO RN ER BA KE RY is another cozy place, which is just one street away. Take a seat outside, but make sure to check out the selection of the freshly baked pastries inside first. 190 2 SP IŽÍ RN A is probably the MO ST INSTAGRAMMABLE in SP OT BR EA KFAS T Prague. Breakfast is till 11.30, and my all-time favourite is either avocado toast or pancakes with raspberry curd and maple syrup.

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Take a breakfast IF CA FÉ and stay for the dessert.

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THE KISS

If you don’t feel like leaving the center for breakfast, try the newly opened place called PA US ET ER IA . Finally the historical center has a beautiful breakfast spot, which is not only beautifully decorated, but they also serve breakfast all day long.

PAUSETERIA

Store not to miss

While in this ar ea, make sure to check out the N I L A S TO R E a cozy shop specializing in sustainable f ashion and home-dĂŠcor.

NILA STORE 77

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BOTANICUS

d o o h r u o b h g ei n r o t ee tr S Shopping F O R U N IQ U E S O U V E N IR S

Photo: Maros Verba

SOUVENIRS

WENCESLAS SQUARE

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If you are looking for some unique gifts for your loved ones, I recommend you visit: MANUFAKTURA , a Czech cosmetics brand inspired by Czech traditions and nature. The products are formulated with traditional Czech natural ingredients – Czech beer, Carlsbad thermal spring salt, apricots, daisies and other fruits and herbs typical of the country. You can find their shop next to WENCESLAS SQUARE or in PALLADIUM SHOPPING CENTER .

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LIPA THE KISS

MAISELOVA STREET

Photo: Thea Neubauer

Another beautiful store hidden in a passage off Male namesti is LIPA . Lipa is a Czech word for the linden tree, which is the national tree of Czech Republic. This beautiful shop offers products such as ceramics, candles, interior decorations, everything with minimalist aesthetics coming from local artisan production.

shopping

INGREDIENT

S S TO R E

in Maiselova street is th e destination f or all perfu melovers. They carry brands like Le Labo, Frederic Mall e, Amouage, Byredo, Dyptique. is another lovely place to buy souvenirs for your friends and family (don’t forget about yourself too!). Traditional formulae combined with ingredients of the highest quality, you simply cannot leave this shop emptyhanded. BOTANICUS

BOTANICUS

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Bar to meet like-minded locals

is a stylish place to have a glass of ice-cold prosecco, also available for take-away. Their charcuterie plates are amazing too. My personal favourite is the one in Prague 2, Slezská street, but there is one in the center as well. PROSEKÁRNA

GROOVE

BAR

gets really busy after 9 p.m. pretty much every day of the week.

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Finish off your evening in DUPLEX CLUB with a drink and dinner on the terrace.

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is an amazing cocktail experience. Make sure you sit at the bar and watch the barmen do their magic. A few of the best barmen of Czech republic work here, so do not miss it. L’FLEUR

, make a reservation and try the Czech Becherovka cocktail. It’s not on the menu, but they will prepare it for you (Becher Butter Sour). HEMINGWAY


THE KISS

For a dinner with friends LA

BOTTEGA

LINKA

the food, the interior, the service are impeccable. ZDENEK’S OYSTER BAR

their motto is “Eat seafood, live longer” and I have nothing to add. do give it a try. My personal favourite is a Geisha roll. It’s addicting. YAMI SUSHI HOUSE

Lunch Spot is a heaven for meat-lovers, and is very popular among locals to buy meat for home. Try the beef tartare and their hamburger. They have local wine and beer on tap. There is not much space for sitting inside, however the line standing outside will prove to you that you cannot miss it. NAŠE MASO BUTCHERY

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KANTYNA is another great place for beer and meat. KANTÝNA

is a perfect place to try classic Czech food and beer direct from the tanks. LOKAL

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Most interesting museum NATIONAL MUSEUM

National Museum, which has just opened its doors after a seven-year

reconstruction,

has beautiful interiors, but the exposition is not yet finished, so come back to visit late next year. The

MAD

EXHIBITION

SILKMAN

is a must-

visit (on till September). You will discover the world of Zika and Lida Ascher, whose story began in Prague and continued in London and Paris, as they were creating the fabrics for Christian Dior, Chanel, Balenciaga and Saint Laurent.

NATIONAL GALLERY

is located in Veletržní palác in Prague 7, just a few tram stops away from the center and includes pieces from Shiele, Klimt, Picasso and many others.

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THE KISS

Best spot to watch the sunset/sunrise CHARLES BRIDGE

POWDER TOWER Visiting CHARLES BRIDGE during busy hours can be tiring, so I suggest going there at sunrise. You will have (almost) the whole bridge for yourself.

MY FAVOURITES

My favourite spot to watch the

SLUNEČNÍ

sunset is also located next to the

T-ANKER

river: start at MOST LEGIÍ and

TERASA

is another

nice spot, but try to get

continue walking and stopping

there a bit in advance, as

every minute to take a picture till

during the sunset it gets

you reach the Charles Bridge, take

pretty busy. The view is

the stairs down on the right of the

totally worth it.

bridge and enjoy the sunset from the riverbank.

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Wh at locals love NAPLAVKA MARKET

Taking

a

breakfast

on

Saturday at NÁPLAVKA MARKET

(tram

stop

Palackého náměstí). Make sure to grab some fresh salad and feed the swans. Cross the bridge and head to ANGELATO AT ÚJEZD 24

for the best gelato

in town. They are offering vegan/non-dairy options as well.

PRAGUE PANORAMA

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THE KISS

Prague Panor ama Prague is known as THE CITY OF

A

HUNDRED

SPIRES ,

make sure you visit at least one. Climbing the steps might be not the easiest, but the view and photos of the red roofs and PRAGUE PANORAMA are definitely worth it. THE POWDER TOWER

is a perfect place to watch sunset and to have a closer look at a true masterpiece – the dome of the

POWDER TOWER

Municipal House.

Slovans ký i s l a n d Rent a

catamaran on SLOVANSKÝ ISLAND , grab some sn acks and enjo y the views. Wa iting times ca n be up to 40 m inutes in the summer, but it’s totally worth it.

SVATOMIKULÁŠSKÁ MĚSTSKÁ ZVONICE

is located on the way from Charles Bridge to the Prague Castle

and

I

recommend

visiting during the day.

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SVATO MIKUL ÁŠSKÁ MĚST SKÁ ZVONI CE


WALLENSTEIN GARDEN

Photo: Thea Neubauer

Best s n e d r a G

Wallenstein garden TH E GA RD EN S BE LO W is a PR AG UE CA ST LE place tourists often miss. These are located on the slopes of the hill below the Prague castle. The views

Photo: Thea Neubauer

are amazing.

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THE KISS

Unique architecture When visiting the Prague Castle, do not miss the ST RA HO V MO NA ST ER Y which is hiding one of the most beautiful libraries in the world: When going down the hill, stop to take pictures of the most beautiful Prague panorama next to the CO LL OR ED O-M AN SF EL DS KÝ PA LÁ C . It is a hidden gem just a few steps away from Charles Bridge. It hasn’t been restored yet, so be sure to visit these shabby baroque dancing halls and rooms before they get a makeover.

COLLOREDO

Best Hotel

BOHO HOTEL which is located in a quiet street just a few steps away from Obecní dům and all of the main tourist attractions, is a wonderful place to stay while in Prague. The rooms are beautifully decorated; there is a spa area; but my favourite spot here is the restaurant and their library, a perfect place to relax after a long day spent in the city.

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Klimt + art S E C T I O N

2


K I S S « » T H E P A I N T E D K L I M T W H E N

The Year 1907

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The year 1907 What was happening during the years in which our main artwork for this issue, Klimt’s »The Kiss« was created? What was in the news, what was occupying people’s minds, and which developments determined daily life or not? In our series »The Year X« we want to take a closer look at certain years and fill the numbers with life. All the different areas of life play a role here: politics and history, arts, meteorology, the public sphere. We reconstruct the historical context of the artwork to paint the bigger picture. In this issue: The year 1907. 90


THE KISS

Politics I

Te xt: Elis abeth S tur s b e r g

It had been decided upon in 1905 and on 2 January 1907, the law entered into force: In France, there was then a strict separation between church and state. While many fellow European states still had an official state religion, the French were set to go the opposite way with LaĂŻcitĂŠ. The varyingly strict interpretations were all guided by the same underlying intention: The new order would affirm religious freedom and guarantee equal treatment for all citizens by a neutral state.

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I N

Weather I Europe was groaning under a cold spell which covered many regions under a thick layer of snow until well into February.

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Economy & Society Berlin, 27 March: The Kaufhaus des Westens (»Department Store of the West«, KaDeWe) opened its doors for the very first time. It was the new jewel in a line of exclusive department stores that popped up in various cities since the concept had been invented in Paris around the middle of the 19th century. The »department store« as such had not only evolved into a lively meeting point and focal point of society, it was also a symbol of changing consumer habits in the era of emerging capitalism. 92


THE KISS

I N

Art & Society I It was also the era of rapidly progressing industrialization, and the development of art nouveau as a prominent style expressed city dwellers’ new longing for nature as a consequence of this industrial drive. But nature came in notably controlled and perfected forms and designs, as illustrated by the emergence of a new horticulture. The garden was then about culture, not nature. The 19th century had preferred soft, organic forms and a mixed use of space while the new style was all about strict geometry and thus reminiscent of Italian Renaissance whose seductive clarity was inspiring garden lovers in 1907.

I N

History & Politics I East Asia, 19 July: Japan, in accordance with Russia, annexed Korea and south Manchuria, while Russia obtained the north (Manchuria is the north-eastern part of what is today the People’s Republic of China). Korea had been a Japanese protectorate for the past two years, but was then being taken over for good. King Gojong was forced to abdicate and Korea entering into what would become decades under Japanese colonial rule – officially until Japan’s capitulation in 1945.

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&

A U G U S T E L O U I S L U M I È R E

I N

I N

Research Art & & Publications Society II Photography had made decisive progress since the 1840s and photos had since become a popular medium. There were various techniques for colour photography and the brothers Auguste and Louis Lumière were by far not the only ones feverishly researching new possibilities. They were, however, the first ones who succeeded in bringing a simplified and commercially viable method, dubbed »Autochrome Lumière« to the market. In June, the brothers’ publication of colour photos on diapositives drew attention among the public and this helped to cement their pioneer status. SISTER-MAG.COM

Gustav Klimt was notorious for his, one might say, rather loose personal lifestyle as there were frequently rumours about affairs with his models. He himself remained unmarried. Were he to decide to get married, however, he would remain loose as well. Unlike, for instance in Germany, where there was the novel possibility of civil marriage, Catholic AustriaHungary was still clinging to the principle of »indissolubility of marriage«. But resistance was mounting. Vocal support for the reform movement was coming from various sides, one of them a magazine with the distinctive name »Die Fessel« (meaning »bond« or »chain«).

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THE KISS

E D V A R D

G R I E G

People Edvard Grieg passed away on 4 September in Bergen, Norway. He was a celebrated composer, in the eyes of many a Norwegian national composer, and this status would only be further validated during the upcoming century. Looking back, experts would attribute a »transformation of folkloristic elements into a chamber music or symphonic guise« (the music professor Finn Benestad coined this expression, translation here by the author) to Grieg’s works, and he would turn out to become hugely influential for the coming generations of composers.

I N

History & Politics II Europe, 31 October: In the increasingly overheating political climate on the European continent, France and the United Kingdom decided to let the Tsarist Russian Empire join their military alliance, extending thus their former »Entente Cordiale« into a »Triple Entente«.

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Weather II

Literature

After a relatively mild spring season, extreme weather was back in time for autumn. There were repeated reports of heavy rain from various regions. In the Ticino region, torrential rainfall even caused the bursting of a dam. This did not lead to a white Christmas, however, as the temperatures surprisingly (or not) increased in many places around mid-December.

The Nobel Prize was only a few years old and this year, Joseph Rudyard Kipling was being honoured for his literary work. He was the first Englishman to be awarded the prize and, being in his early 40s, also the youngest honouree so far (he still holds this record today). Born in 1865 in today’s Mumbai, Kipling spent his life between India, the USA and England where he delighted the reading audience with his captivating, accessible and authentic stories. In their statement, the Nobel jury highlighted that Kipling was at the time already »world-famous« and praised the capacity for perception and narrative skills reflected in his work.

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THE KISS

J O S E P H

R U D Y A R D

K I P L I N G

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S M O L A F R A N Z C U R A T O R W I T H C H A T A

belvedere vienna

IN T E RVIE W

G U S T A V K L I M T T H E K I S S 1 9 0 7 - 1 9 0 8 Belvedere, Vienna

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THE KISS

A chat with curator Franz Smola

I N T E R V I E W :

CARO L IN KRA L A PP

Even if your personal

By chatting to curator and

connection to art history is

Viennese Modern and Klimt-

non-existent – »The Kiss« by

expert Franz Smola, this

Gustav Klimt (1862 – 1918) is

sisterMAG issue manages to

something we have all seen.

dive deeper into the mosaic-

With countless reproductions

like golden pictures of

in the form of prints or

Austrian artist Gustav Klimt

modern interpretations and

and his works…

Klimt-re-enactments like the one by Conchita Wurst in 2014

what is remarkable for gustav klimt and his artistic works?

at the Viennese Life-Ball, the aesthetic of Art Nouveau

Klimt belongs to a generation of painters standing right on the cusp of modernity. His training still obeyed to RULES OF LATE HISTORISM , but as a painter of the Art Nouveau era he also dealt with SYMBOLISM and the innovations of his time. Klimt didn’t shy away from taboos by

from the turn of 19th and 20th century remains right at the forefront of our minds – especially its close ties to the city of Vienna.

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creating provocative depictions of naked women. He also incorporated the then-modern tendencies of pointillism into his numerous landscapes. Klimt’s remarkable role in art history is the enormous weight given to ORNAMENTS in his works. His portraits combine nearly abstract ornaments with phenomenal portraiture. An incredible example for this is the famous painting of Adele BlochBauer, the »Golden Adele«.

since when does »the Kiss« belong to the belvedere and how did you acquire it?

WIEN« in Vienna in the summer

of 1908 and was immediately PURCHASED

K. U. K. KUNSTMINISTERIUM

(Royal Ministry of Art). The buy was one of the earliest and most important public transactions of its kind. The painting was first accessible to the public during the exhibition »KUNSTSCHAU

FOR

25.000

– around 150/200 Euro in today’s terms. And even if Klimt’s paintings are sold for 10 times the amount of that today, it was a lot of money considering that the annual salary of a regular teacher was around 1.200 crowns. A regal villa was on the market for around 40.000 crowns back in the day (including furniture). To have LADY’S PORTRAIT painted was AROUND 8.000 TO 10.000 crowns so Klimt was definitely one of the best earning artists of his time. CROWNS

The Belvedere came to own the painting almost immediately after it was finished in 1908 – back then, we were called the »Modern Gallery« and the painting was BOUGHT BY THE

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Gustav Klimt, Fritza Riedler 1906, oil on canvas Belvedere, Vienna

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THE KISS

Gustav Klimt The Kiss, 1907-1908 oil on canvas Belvedere, Vienna

Gustav Klimt Avenue in the Park of Schloss Kammer 1912, oil on canvas Belvedere, Vienna

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how would you describe the period of art nouveau? »Art Nouveau«, or »Jugendstil«, is a style that dominated the arts and architecture in the EARLY 1900S in Europe and the USA. The representatives of Art Nouveau were very CRITICAL OF TRADITIONAL ACADEMIES

and the art of historism as they aimed for an entirely new kind of cultural life and environment. Most remarkable are the ROUND SHAPES and

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FLORAL ELEMENTS that were

present in the APPLIED ARTS , PAINTING and SCULPTING . The centres of Art Nouveau were Paris, Nancy, Brussels, Barcelona, Budapest, Helsinki, Munich, Darmstadt, Vienna and Glasgow; although the last two focused on geometricallyorthogonal shapes instead of the famous florals of Viennese Art Nouveau.

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THE KISS

H i s p o r t r a i t s c o m b i n e n e a r ly abstract ornaments with phenomenal portraiture.

what meaning would you give the work of klimt in vienna at the beginning of the 20th century? There is no doubt that Klimt was one of the most popular painters of the town even while he was still alive. His work did polarise and was occasionally the TARGET OF STRONG CRITICISM

and even scandal in the public eye of Vienna at the beginning of the 20th century but in general, his pieces were appreciated and admired. And Klimt always had an important role in the art scene even though he was quite withdrawn and shy. He was the FOUNDING PRESIDENT of the so-called SECESSION in 1897 , an artist’s group including the most forward and successful

people from all over the country. In 1905 , he stepped back from his position after creative differences with several competitors and founded his own group. First dubbed the Klimt-group, they re-named themselves »BUND ÖSTERREICHISCHER KÜNSTLER

(Group of Austrian artists – Art Exhibition« after their frequently held exhibitions FROM 1908 . His work was a much-admired beacon of Art Nouveau the continued to thrive in the years around WWI, when the general movement became more defensive as expressionism took hold.

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what else can the visitors see at the belvedere other than klimt? The collection of the Austrian Gallery Belvedere contains around 15.000 WORKS , mostly paintings and sculptures. A SELECTION FROM

THE

UNTIL

THE

OF

420

MIDDLE 20TH

PIECES AGES

CENTURY

can be found in the UPPER BELVEDERE . Next to the world’s biggest collection of paintings by Gustav Klimt, our highlights are paintings by EGON SCHIELE OSKAR KOKOSCHKA . and We also have spaces for the female artists of the Viennese Modern like HELENE FUNKE or ELENA LUKSCH-MAKOWSKY .

Their works are surrounded by works of classical modernity of international standing by exceptional painters like CLAUDE MONET , EDVARD MUNCH or VINCENT VAN GOGH . Highlights of the collection from the 19th century are the monumental paintings of Napoleon, painted by JACQUES-LOUIS DAVID and the biggest collection of Biedermeierpaintings in Austria. Visitors also love the 18th century »Striking Heads« by sculptor FRANZ XAVER MESSERSCHMIDT .

Gustav Klimt The Hydra, 1904 tempera and watercolor on parchment Belvedere, Vienna SISTER-MAG.COM

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klimt's muses

The current sisterMAG issue pays homage to one of the most famous pieces of modern painting: GUSTAV KLIMT’S »THE KISS« (1907/1908). The painting was made during the »GOLDEN TIMES« of Klimt’s career and counts as one of the most important works of art of Austrian ART NOUVEAU . It shows an embracing couple in golden colours on a bed of flowers. The painting is not only an attempt at depicting love – it is also essential in showing the style of an artist that made a magical and romanticised version of »the woman« the focus of his work.

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The complete works of Gustav Klimt contain a multitude of paintings and sketches that survive in the shape of countless reproductions. Like no other painting, »The Kiss« is used to adorn unusual objects like pillowcases, posters and refrigerator magnets. In this way, our fascination with Klimt’s work symbolises the afterlife of his DEPICTIONS OF WOMEN . Gustav Klimt did mostly paint women besides landscapes, and they were always beautiful – sometimes just a little more than usual.

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He painted them as icons in front of mostly FLOWERFILLED BACKGROUNDS , surrounded by SHINING GOLDEN MOSAICS that skilfully double as dresses and veils. Sometimes they look at the spectator with misty eyes, at other times they seem trapped like fairies in their own worlds of dreams and water. Klimt developed his typically decorative Art Nouveau style with and because of his women. Despite certain levels of abstraction, they are always depicted realistically; not to

prevent TRANSCENDENTAL RECEPTION or to declare the female figure as a SYMBOL OF AESTHETICIZED EROTICISM

in a utopia and not to broach the issue of an objectifying male gaze on women. Klimt’s paintings are always about engaging with the historical women of his time.

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the wiener moderne

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To keep it short: those realistically painted creatures really existed. They might be Emilie Flöge, Adele BlochBauer or Eugenia Primavesi. All of them were important women of the WIENER MODERNE that had a special relationship with the artist. At first, Klimt’s most important clients were the rich men of the Viennese society of the BELLE ÉPOQUE that wanted their beautiful wives immortalised in the master’s pompous paintings. While working, Klimt developed his specific approach to portraiture by closely working with these women. First, they were shown as their husband’s golden jewels to symbolise the merely adorning role of a woman in society; then their increasing independence inspired Klimt artistically.

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Everything began with his first commissioned portrait of the blue-blooded SONJA KNIPS , whom Klimt painted dressed in masses of whimsical pink tulle in 1898 . (»Picture of Sonja Knips«, 1898). Surrounded by hanging lilies, he makes the chic young lady look like a DIVINE, ANGELIC CREATURE . The painting is almost a scene of romanticisation. Even though the slim girl, sitting down, is searching for the eye of the viewer, the next moments of observation offer a hint of her disappearing and melting into her background. A kind of creator’s magic takes hold. This was Klimt’s inauguration as the most important painter of society of his time. Countless commissions followed, of which he declined many. His creative relationship with females only took place with certain, chosen ladies. As we know, Emilie Flöge and Adele Bloch-Bauer occupied such special places – they became the painter’s muses.

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emiLIe and adele As a successful fashion designer, EMILIE owned her own haute couture salon. Inspired by Coco Chanel’s esprit for fashion, she designed her own dresses and thus became an equal to the painter. They kept up a life-long relationship via frequent letters.

The intellectual and stimulating spirit of ADELE meanwhile became a heterogeneous source of inspiration for Klimt. Both ladies embodied de-materialised bodies of mythological fairytale or biblical beings. Even though scientific analyses declare the woman of Klimt’s painted epic »The Kiss« to be Emilie, he officially only painted one woman twice: Adele. The famous portraits »ADELE I« and »II« from 1907 and 1912 , turned the young, Jewish wife of an entrepreneur into GOLDEN ADELE . Klimt would go on to paint

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further portraits of her as JUDITH FROM

THE

OLD

TESTAMENT

(»Judith I/II«, 1901/1909) or the GREEK GODDESS ATHENA (»Pallas Athene«, 1898). With a selling price of over 130 million US dollars, the portrait »Adele Bloch-Bauer I« has become one of the most famous and expensive paintings by Klimt. Typical: the shining sea of gold leaf.

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Klimt portrayed other ladies in similar ways. Among them MARIE HENNEBERG , wife of the art photographer Hugo Henneberg, as a magnetic creature with a severe face painted in Impressionist style (»Picture of Marie Henneberg«, 1901), the Austrian actress EUGENIA PRIMAVESI in an innocently seductive pose amidst a cosmos of flowers (»Portrait of Eugenia Primavesi«, 1913) and GERTRUD LÖW , daughter of the distinguished doctor Anton Löw, like a nymph with a mystical aura in a flowing, light gown (»Portrait of Gertrud Loew«, 1902).

the special element in klimt's t r e at m e n t e o f f e m a l e f i g u r e s i s f o u n d i n t h e i r » d e - p e r s o n i f i c at i o n « .

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The special element in Klimt’s treatment of female figures is found in their »DE-PERSONIFICATION« . His painting led the figures into the undefined – a compositional process of metamorphosis complete in his bewitching painting »WATER SERPENTS« (1904-1907).

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Even though biographers were immediately able to disprove this, common perception is that Klimt had more intimate relationships with his models – probably because his depiction of bodies in salacious poses still or more so than ever, seems irritating or reprehensible. In the face of #METOO DISCUSSIONS and protests around empowering women, this kind of presentation of

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female figures should be looked at more critically and from a feminist point of view. Women supposedly look naked, lustful and obscene in Klimt’s work. Their EMBODIMENT OF THE FEMME FATALE pushes itself onto the viewer. As a result, critics speak of a highly erotic vibe and the disdained female danger that shows up in his paintings and sketches that partially visualise genitalia in realistic shapes.

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klimt's golden women

golden women

There seems to be a clearly VOYEURISTIC VIEW in the paintings. His depictions of women could only be the centre of a narrow-minded view of male origin on the female sex that needs to be broken up. Still, or maybe just because of this, Klimt’s sensual women work as muses with a kind of emancipating power. They might inspire an erotic discourse in their position as lascivious icons but never in a pornographic sense that crosses lines. The SYMBOLIC-ALLEGORIC PAINTINGS are more of a surface of REFLECTION OF WOMEN’S CHANGING ROLES during the avant-garde. Klimt’s golden women are both seductive and provocative, strong and beautiful. But they are also always rooted in a process of transformation and thus become intangible; freeing and reinventing themselves.

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P E T E R L I N D B E R G H " C O M M E D E S G A R Ç O N S " 1 9 8 4

depicting «women» Famous modern painters and contemporary (fashion) photographers have repeatedly worked on depicting »women« in their works. Sometimes in an abstract way like PABLO PICASSO or even provocatively aggressive like EGON SCHIELE and HELMUT NEWTON . Sometimes intimately open like RICHARD AVEDON or realistically, almost documental, like PETER LINDBERGH . In most cases though, women are used as a motif and simple inspiration and not as autonomous, relevant and layered figures of their cultural and artistic environment.

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Klimt's sensual women work as muses with a kind of e m a n c i p at i n g power.


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There is no artist that dedicated his complete works to visually considering female figures quite like Klimt. This doesn’t make him a feminist by any means – even though it is clear to see how fascinated he was by the topic of women. Furthermore, Klimt manages a complex

examination of the female that is usually reserved for the works of certain female artists like the autobiographical, surrealist selfportraits of FRIDA KAHLO , ALICE NEEL ’s politically criticising works of American realism and the body-focused painting of Austrian artist MARIA LASSNIG .

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A N D

H I S

F A C U L T Y

scandal! P A I N T I N G S


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Text: ALEX KORDS

s c an d a l ! Gustav Klimt and his Faculty Paintings

GUSTAV KLIMT was already one

of Austria’s most important artists while he was still alive. Even before he created his best-known painting »THE KISS« , he was commissioned by the UNIVERSITY OF VIENNA to realise a prestigious project. Its outcomes, however, brought nothing but trouble for him.

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The University of Vienna is ageold – it was founded in 1365 which makes it the oldest Germanspeaking university in existence. Of course, the facilities are not the same as they were 650 years ago. The MAIN BUILDING on the ring road was erected between 1873 and 1884. The initial plan of HEINRICH VON FERSTEL , the responsible architect, was to decorate the rooms before the opening of the new building. Especially the Aula Magna with its impressive ceiling height of 17 metres wasn’t supposed to be handed over to the professors and

students unadorned. However, Ferstel’s plan of putting paintings on the ceiling had to be postponed because the university didn’t have money for it.

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KLIMT and MATSCH on the ceiling It took ten years until the IMPERIALROYAL MINISTRY OF EDUCATION

approached the project again. In 1894, it commissioned the painters GUSTAV KLIMT and FRANZ MATSCH who worked together under the »KÜNSTLER-COMPAGNIE« label (»Company of Artists«) to paint several paintings for the auditorium ceiling. Among others, they were supposed to paint four paintings that were dedicated to the University of Vienna’s four faculties. Matsch was chosen to illustrate THEOLOGY while Klimt took over the motives for PHILOSOPHY , MEDICINE and JURISPRUDENCE . In order to not buy a pig in a poke, the artistic commission of the university demanded concrete drafts of Matsch and Klimt beforehand. Matsch handed in his drafts in 1893, Klimt’s followed one year later.

gustav klimtComposition for Medicine

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franz matsch

gustav klimt

The commission was satisfied and the artists were allowed to start working. They did so until 1898 when they handed in their first finished paintings. Matsch who strictly followed his drafts gained recognition – unlike Klimt. While he worked on »Philosophy« for four years, he changed his style and independently developed his ideas. His clients didn’t like that at all. Klimt presented a dark view on philosophy as he showed seeking humans instead of finding ones, like the university officials wanted. Furthermore, they saw too much naked skin in the painting.

f r a n z m a t s c h - Theology

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criticised and honoured

Despite the harsh critics on his »PHILOSOPHY« , Klimt exhibited the painting in March and April 1900 in the VIENNA SECESSION . Rapidly, a front against the artwork formed; 87 professors of the university demanded that it wasn’t put on the intended place on the auditorium ceiling. Even Franz Matsch had a problem with the work and the uncompromising attitude of his colleague, which ultimately led to a rift between the two artists. Ironically, Klimt received a GOLD

MEDAL for »Philosophy« at the

1900 WORLD’S FAIR in PARIS . At the sight of this honour, the artist started working on his second Faculty Painting. When he presented »MEDICINE« to the public in March 1901, the outcry was even bigger than it was for »Philosophy«. Klimt completely waived depicting the healing powers of medicine and shows naked humans, ravaged by diseases – and the inevitable death right in the middle. Since several politicians were angered this time,

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Gu stav K l i mt:

» it’s not significant how many people like it but who likes it «

Klimt was even discussed in the Austrian parliament. Subsequently, the artist saw himself forced to pipe up in the newspaper »WIENER MORGENZEITUNG« . He wrote in his text that he had »no time« to »interfere in this bickering«. It was »too stupid« for him to »stand up against the same stubborn people again and again«. Furthermore, Klimt wrote that it’s not »significant how many people like it but who likes it«. And he himself was »satisfied«.

secession building

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the third Strike

This

true for »JURISPRUDENCE« which was presented to the public in 1903. Once again, Klimt didn’t adhere to his initial drafts – this time probably as a protest against the criticism – and once again, the artwork met with disapproval. Klimt showed the negative sides of law as well: a criminal who waits to be punished by three revenge goddesses and an oversized octopus. And there were nudes again! In the eyes of his critics, »Jurisprudence« definitively made Klimt a presenter of pornography and perversion.

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was

likely

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gustav klimtJurisprudence

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assignment terminated

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After Klimt was done with »Jurisprudence«, the Faculty Paintings were exhibited together for the first time. Next to the known points of criticism, another problem appeared: The works of Klimt and Matsch didn’t match stylistically. Since the university prohibited that Klimt could exhibit his paintings at the 1904 WORLD’S FAIR in ST. LOUIS and only put the works of Matsch on the auditorium ceiling in 1905, Klimt ran out of patience. In APRIL 1905, he withdrew from the assignment and paid back the fee he had already received from the ministry. He got financial help from the Viennese businessman

AUGUST LEDERER who owned

»Philosophy« afterwards. Lederer also bought »Jurisprudence« shortly after while »Medicine« was purchased ÖSTERREICHISCHE by the GALERIE (»Austrian Gallery«). Until his death, Klimt didn’t accept any public contracts and only painted by order of private persons.

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the bitter end

After KLIMT’S DEATH in 1918, his Faculty Paintings were exhibited together for a few times, for example during a work exhibition on the occasion of Klimt’s TENTH DEATH ANNIVERSARY in 1928. Because August Lederer was Jewish, he was dispossessed by the Nazis in 1938. BALDUR VON SCHIRACH , the Reichsstatthalter in Vienna, ordered an exhibition of Klimt’s three Faculty Paintings and other works of the artist at the beginning of 1943 in the Vienna Secession before they were brought to CASTLE IMMENDORF

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in Lower Austria – to safety, as the Nazis thought, considering the remote location of the castle. On 7 MAY 1945, the day before the German capitulation, some overzealous SS officers ignited the castle so the art treasures couldn’t fall into Russian hands. It seems certain that the Faculty Paintings fell victim to the flames. However, there are wild rumours that they were brought to safety before the fire and are part of a private collection now. We’ll probably never learn the truth. By the way: All four Faculty Paintings are now

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attached to the ceiling of the auditorium of the UNIVERSITY OF VIENNA which is known GROSSER FESTSAAL as (»Great Ceremonial Hall«) today. Next to the only original, »Theology« by Franz Matsch, reproductions are shown that were elaborately recreated using Klimt’s sketches and black-and-white photographs. This way, the artworks came to their place on a detour.

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P A I N T E R L Y

A R T I S T

D E S I G N E R

F A S H I O N - C O N S C I O U S

gustav klimt

T H E ST Y L E O F

A N D


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fashionconscious artist Text: JULIA LAUKERT M.A. We would like to thank the KUNSTMUSEEN KREFELD for allowing us to use the pictures of the exhibition »Tailored For Freedom. The Artistic Dress Around 1900 in Fashion, Art and Society« (2018). Photos: Dirk Rose. 139

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Edward Burne Jones, The King’s Wedding, 1870, Kunstmuseen Krefeld, Kaiser Wilhelm Museum

While we in modern society can live out our fashionable desires at leisure, things were different a few decades ago. Until the beginning of the 20th century, dress codes were determined by social and cultural circumstances. Women's and men's clothing were subject to social rules, demonstrated status and one’s occupation. Clothing produced a uniform look in its form and colour. No wonder that artists, architects and designers would eventually explore this realm. Despite being initially anxious to create a work of art from everyday objects, fruitful cooperations between artists

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and fashion designers increasingly emerged. Nowadays, interrelations and exchange between different creative areas are common practice. As in fashion, it was society's hierarchical structure that separated art and handicrafts: The fine arts stood above the applied arts, the "utilitarian" arts – objects that have a practical purpose and are not created for their own indulgent sake like paintings or sculptures.

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women's clothing The end of the 19th century brought a shift to this order. Artists began to occupy themselves with the design of everyday objects, attaching to them a qualitative and artistic value. Women's clothing underwent a major change.

This was spurred by the REFORM MOVEMENT , which aimed, among other things, to free the female body from the corset, its stiff frame deemed unhealthy and dangerous by the medical community. Apart from that, the daily dressing, wearing and undressing of rigid and oppressive undergarments was torture for women. Artists in England, Germany and Austria began to design so-called reform clothes. The boundaries between the fine and applied arts were mixed in production communities such as the WIENER WERKSTĂ„TTE (founded in 1903), where creative people from different professions worked together.

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Vanessa Bell, Blouse, 1914/15, Kunstmuseen Krefeld, Kaiser Wilhelm Museum

GUSTAV KLIMT

(1862 – 1918) was one of the first artists of this movement to explore REFORM CLOTHING . If you look at his oeuvre, you can observe his pronounced fashion consciousness. Through his works, the Viennese painter elevated women to the status of FASHIONABLE GODDESSES in extraordinary garments, pieces that did not actually exist on the market but were more at home in theatre or dance — dramatically flowing and overlapping layers of fabrics, robes, capes, blouses,

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Liberty & Co., Evening cape, 1900-1910, Kunstmuseen Krefeld, Kaiser Wilhelm Museum

THE KISS

blouses, coats & Kimonos.

coats and kimonos. Clothes that don't tie a woman up, but protect and empower her with decorative space. Klimt's works thrive on the thrifty, colourful ornamentation that bows to strict geometric orders. Painting provided Gustav Klimt with an ideal experimental surface for presenting his vision of women's clothing. His contemporaries were very interested in these creations of colour and form on canvas. Thus he used his painter’s scope to

free the constrained female image of the time according to his ideas, elevating it to a throne of brilliant sensuality. Viennese ladies were not only portrayed by Klimt, but also dressed. Despite all the admiration, Klimt's picturesque creations did not remain two-dimensional for long. They aroused desires, were realized and eventually showcased. This was made possible by a successful businesswoman from Vienna,

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viennese ladies were not only portrayed by klimt, but also dressed.

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EMILIE FLร–GE (1874 - 1952), who

was also his partner and muse. Together with her sisters, she ran a trendy fashion salon in Vienna, which in its prime counted up to 80 employees. Here she created haute couture dresses for the fashion-conscious and modern woman. Flรถge's customers included personalities from upper society who could afford custom-made clothes made by an artist.

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Sonia Delaunay, Simultanweste und Simultankleid, 1913, Kunstmuseen Krefeld, Kaiser Wilhelm Museum

decorative embroidery

Klimt could try his hand at designing clothes in the SALON FLĂ–GE . Not only did the Viennese love him, but she also valued him as a fashion designer. He portrayed her in his works and she turned the painted clothes into reality. An extraordinarily creative connection that both partners enjoyed in equal measure. Photographs show how much FlĂśge liked to wear

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Klimt's clothes. But Klimt often also presented himself in his LONG ARTIST SHIRTS . The decorated, long smocks were worn mainly by the artist himself, and for leisure purposes also by his followers at Villa Primavesi or Atterssee. Klimt's dresses had decorative embroidery on the shoulders and were made of coarse, preferably medium-blue canvas. On special occasions, such as the annual artists' festivals, he wore robes of flowing Wiener Werkstätte silk and an imaginative headdress. This

GENDER-NEUTRAL

remained an exception and was not intended for mass appeal. Rather, the reform movement focused on a change in women's clothing. The fashion department of the Wiener Werkstätte, which possessed outstanding GARMENT

technical talent and designed textiles and clothing with great commitment, also concentrated primarily on women's fashion. Today, Klimt's creations are regarded as artist's clothes. Although they did not attract broad commercial success, they were respected and admired by their fellow citizens, customers and friends. With paintings like "The Kiss" and "Water Serpents (Girlfriend)" he created icons that have garnered a century's worth of fascination adorn interiors all over the world. Other prominent artists who devoted themselves to clothing and textile designs, anti-fashion, artist's robes and catwalk sensations were given a runway in Gustav Klimt's footsteps.

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the Kaiser wilhelm museum On the occasion of the BAUHAUS ANNIVERSARY , the Kaiser Wilhelm Museum in Krefeld presents the exhibition »COLLECTION SATELLITE #3:

OLA

VASILIJEVA

//

THE

WERKBUND. HAUS DER F.« UNTIL SEPTEMBER 15, 2019 . It contains

works of the Dutch artist Ola Vasilijeva (*1981 in Ventspils, lives & works in Den Haag) who concentrated on the collection of the Deutsches Museum für Kunst in Handel und Gewerbe (German Museum for Art

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in Trade and Industry) that has been located in the Art Museum in Krefeld since 1923. From this examination, a sitespecific installation called »HAUS DER F.« (»House of the Woman«) emerged, interacting with around 30 artistic works by PETER BEHRENS , LUCIAN BERNHARD , CLARA MÖLLERCOBURG and others. The show focuses on the positions of female designers in the DEUTSCHER

WERKBUND

(German Association of Craftsmen) – an association

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of artists, architects and industrialists, founded in 1907 that strived for the »refinement of the commercial work in cooperation with art, industry and craft« which makes it a PREDECESSOR OF BAUHAUS . The exhibition points out how relevant the issues of the Werkbund still are today and how important the examination of female positions in the current socio-political debate is. Curator of the exhibition: Constanze Zawadzky.

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On the 2nd floor of the Kaiser Wilhelm Museum, you can enjoy art from after 1965 from the collection of the Art Museums Krefeld. Works of ANDREAS GURSKY , BETHAN HUWS , SIGMAR POLKE , GERHARD RICHTER and many more are exhibited. We wish you lots of fun at the museum!

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Kiss & Feminine S E C T I O N

3


kissing

8 SURPRISIN G FACT S A BO UT

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smOOching KISSING pecking KISSING, SMOOCHING, PECKING – there

are many words to describe a kiss, which is the central theme in Gustav Klimt's eponymous work. They all describe what is probably the second most beautiful small pleasure in the world, celebrated every year on July 6th with its own day of honour. It is said to derive from the Old English word »CYSSAN« and is known in research as philematology. The gesture isn’t only pleasing; it is also healthy. And a little risky, as these bizarre facts about kissing reveal.

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8 facts about

kissing Text: MARLEN GRUNER Illustrations: DINAMALINA

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S

K 1

issing

i s fo r b i d de n in so m e places

There certainly are absurd laws around the world concerning kissing. In the U.S. state of Michigan, for example, it is forbidden for a man to kiss his own wife ON A SUNDAY , the Day of the Lord. In France, on the other hand,

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it is forbidden to kiss on or at a RAILWAY CROSSING . At least that can be justified for safety reasons. And in Indonesia, India, Dubai, Malaysia and Russia, kissing IN PUBLIC is completely forbidden.

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mOOching i s h e alt hy YES, KISSING IS GOOD FOR ONE'S HEALTH.

More precisely, for the immune system. This is due to the exchange of bacteria, tens of thousands of which change up the oral microbiology to boost one’s immune system in their new environment. In the blood they activate defence cells and thus act like a vaccination. At the same time, kissing stimulates the flow of saliva, which keeps enamel intact. In addition, the release of the stress hormone cortisol is reduced while the happiness hormones serotonin and dopamine are increased. This culminates in a real intoxication. The best part? Kissing leaves no hangover. Physically, at least. 157

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4 Kissing

3 Kissing

can be dang erous But there's more to kissing than the positive side. For example, IN MAFIA CIRCLES A

KISS

ON THE FOREHEAD OF A

ke e p s yo u f it

MAFIOSI IS CONSIDERED A

KISSING ALSO STIMULATES CIRCULATION AND METABOLISM.

At the same time, one's pulse and blood pressure rises while kissing, which burns calories. According to Austrian scientists, this is about the equivalent of jogging 100 metres, at a rate of five to seven calories per minute of kissing. In order to burn calories really effectively, however, one would have to kiss aggressively over a long period.

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GODFATHER'S

DEATH SENTENCE , showing

that he has disgraced the clan. There is also the Judas kiss, which, according to the Bible, signalled Judas' betrayal of Jesus. Whoever is afraid of kissing suffers from philemaphobia, a composition of the words phobos (fear) and philema (kiss). There are also medical dangers. The bacteria exchanged during a kiss can transmit periodontitis and caries. But this does not mean that you should refrain from kissing and keep your distance.

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has ( no) his tor y

5 Kissing l a s t s i n c re asingly lo nger While an intimate kiss in the 1980S lasted only about five seconds on average, today a kiss lasts closer to 12 . Indeed, we take more time to indulge. A Thai couple even took it over the top: Ekkachai and Laksana Tiranarat kissed for 58 HOURS, 35 MINUTES, AND 58 SECONDS , setting a world

record for a continuous kiss in 2013.

For a long time, some parts of the world were completely void of kissing. In African tribes and in the Pacific, for example, as anthropologists found out. A French ethnologist's research in 1897 found that Âťin China, it was considered a 'repulsive variant of cannibalism'ÂŤ. It was the Western world that made kissing popular, using media to spread the gesture around the world. Today, 90 PERCENT OF THE WORLD'S PEOPLE KISS , but only about

half (46 percent) of the 168 cultures researched do so for romantic reasons. So where did it all start? Researchers believe kissing has its roots in India, where 5,000-yearold evidence of the first representations of people kissing was discovered.

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8 Kissing

7 Kissing

with inclination MOST PEOPLE KISS WITH THEIR EYES CLOSED, BY

i n t h e a n im al k ingdo m

THE WAY.

IT IS NOT ONLY HUMANS WHO SHOW THEIR AFFECTION FOR EACH OTHER THROUGH LIP AND TONGUE GAMES.

Bears, birds, dogs, cats, and monkeys also »kiss« each other - bonobos and orang utans even with tongue. Birds feed their offspring with pre-chewed food from beak to beak, an act referred to as premastication. Some researchers see this as a precursor of the kiss. Others consider it to be breastfeeding.

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Around three percent of women and 37 percent of men keep their eyes open. The rest, and thus the majority, close their eyes. As researchers discovered, this has less to do with romance. The psychologists POLLY DALTON and SANDRA MURPHY from the University of London found out that visual stimuli can influence what one feels. The sense of sight then dominates the sense of touch, so we unconsciously close our eyes to focus entirely on smooching.

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T o d ay, 9 0 p e r c e n t o f the world's people k i s s , b u t o n ly a b o u t half (46 percent) o f t h e 1 6 8 c u lt u r e s researched do so for romantic reasons.

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A R T I N

THE KISS

A BO UT A N IN T IMAT E GE ST URE

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D E R K L I M T ,

K U S S , 1 9 0 8 / 0 9 162


THE KISS

TRACING

The FIRST KISS of a great love, the kiss that seals the wedding, a tearful farewell kiss. We associate kisses with romance, love, tenderness, and lust. But there is much more to this gesture than eroticism. A goodnight kiss testifies to motherly love, while a kiss on the cheek is part of social convention. It can be a sign of power when we think of kisses on the royal ring, and in religion a kiss on the Holy Scripture is part of the liturgy.

Text: JULIA SCHATTAUER

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K

C A S A D E I C A S T I A M A N T I

A loving kiss as i n s p i r at i o n f o r Art Nouveau artists Despite the diversity of the touching of lips, in art the kiss in all its facets usually plays an erotic role. An immortal love, an illicit affair with fatal consequences – this is the narrative that brings an artist to top form. A fresco in the CASA DI CASTI AMANTI in Pompeii proves that this was the case 2000 years ago. In 2017, the Museum Bröhan devoted an entire exhibition to the kiss in art. One of the most popular representations of the kiss in Western art is the sculpture »LE BAISER« by AUGUSTE RODIN from

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D A N T E

the year 1886. The two companions sit close together in an intimate embrace. The man's back is straight, tense. The lovers are Francesca da Rimini and her Paolo Malasta. The duo from Dante's »DIVINE COMEDY« commit adultery and experience the fatal consequences a kiss can have. It will bring death upon them. The sculpture, with its naturalistic representation, causes a scandal at the first exhibition; it is too obscene. But this is probably the exact reason why the spread of this motif could not be stopped.

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KIss

THE KISS

The kiss again grew in popularity during the Art Nouveau age. It's no wonder: love, physicality, suffering, new gender roles, and aesthetics are themes that art deals with passionately at the turn of the century. The kiss is not only painted, but is also represented in magazines, as well as on furniture, lamps, and vases. Perhaps the most famous kiss in the Western world is the »THE KISS« (1907-1908) by GUSTAV KLIMT . Likely his most popular work, it comes from the Art Nouveau artist's so-called »GOLDEN PERIOD« . The couple stands in close solidarity against a golden background, so closely entwined that they seem to merge in an organic way. Nature and art are aesthetically interwoven through floral representations and geometric ornaments.

The picture is regarded as an icon in the depiction of the tenderness and harmony of romantic love and man's attachment to nature. Whether or not the couple is the painter himself with his partner, EMILIE FLÖGE , the picture primarily depicts love itself as an allegory: As something infinite, something natural and divine.

T H E K L I M T ,

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K I S S , 1 9 0 8 / 0 9

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KIss

The artist PETER BEHRENS , who was influenced by Art Nouveau, sees the kiss as a less romantic motif. He appreciates the kiss purely for aesthetic reasons. The union of two lips brings with it a symmetry that the artist used for his woodblock prints in 1898. Behrens shows two faces whose clear contours merge into one another. The fleeting kiss is manifested with thick lines in the wood. It is not emotions that play the main role here, but the ornamental and geometric aesthetics of kissing.

P E T E R B E H R E N S

T h e Ki s s by Peter B ehren s:

I t i s n o t e m o t i o n s t h at p l ay t h e m a i n r o l e h e r e , b u t t h e o r n a m e n ta l a n d geometric aesthetics of kissing.

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THE KISS

T H E K I S S , P E T E R B E H R E N S

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K I S S O F F R A N Z

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T H E V O N

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S P H I N X , S T U C K


THE KISS

The dark side of love and EXPRESSIONISM are dedicated to the dark and destructive side of the kiss. While a kiss in fairy tales and myths is primarily used as a means to lift a spell, such as in Sleeping Beauty or the Frog Prince, Symbolists are more concerned with the suffering evoked by a woman's kiss in drawing men under their spell. In his »KISS OF THE SPHINX« (1895), Franz von Stuck dedicated himself to this destructive kiss. The oil painting in dark colours shows the figure of the sphinx SYMBOLISM

bending over the kneeling man to kiss him. She commits herself passionately; the moment seems to float between pleasure and suffering. It is not only the man's inability to solve the riddle of the sphinx, which brings ruin, but his lust and lack of will to resist the woman. The painter depicts the woman as a femme fatale. She seduces the man, and brings him death and destruction. Behind this image of the »demonic woman« lies a conflict of roles that intensified at the turn of the century as women emancipated themselves to escape from traditional gender roles. The woman now meets the man at eye level, triggering fear and desire in equal measure.

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The

Norwegian EDVARD MUNCH is also preoccupied with the fear of a woman's sexual power. His difficult relationship to women, which is fed by personal experience and social upheaval, is a recurring theme in his art. Sometimes he portrays women as a holy Madonna, sometimes as loving mothers, and other times as a dangerous demon. His multi-layered attitude towards women becomes particularly clear in the painting »VAMPYR« (also called »Love and Pain«) from 1894 . Whether the woman with flowing red hair affectionately holds the man in her arms and comfortingly kisses his neck or torments him on a bloodsucking mission cannot be conclusively determined. Perhaps she is a prostitute who embraces a man driven by lust?

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po The politics of a kiss

The kiss developed a political dimension in the 1960s, with emerging social debates about self-determination, identity, (homo-)sexuality and feminism. In the 1960s, artists such as Dorothee von Windheim and Ilse Dwinger explored the phenomenon of the lip print. Homosexual kisses or kisses between persons of different, even hostile nationalities or faiths regularly caused scandals. This area of tension includes BANKSY 's kissing policemen or a campaign called »JEWS & ARABS KISS« with images

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THE KISS

E A S T S I D E G A L L E R Y , B E R L I N

olitics B A N K S Y

of Jews and Arabs of the same and mixed sex kissing in the Israeli edition of »TIME OUT MAGAZINE« from 2016. The campaign was preceded by the decision of the Ministry of Culture to ban a book that deals with a love between a Jewish woman and a Palestinian. The brotherly kiss between ERICH HONECKER and LEONID

BREZHNEV

accidentally turns into a kiss on the mouth during a state visit in 1979 . Photographer RÉGIS BOSSU captures the

moment for posterity. DIMITRI VRUBEL later chooses the picture as the motif for his painting on the Berlin Wall – a favourite among tourists at the EAST SIDE GALLERY . The motif of the kiss in art shows that the touch of lips is more than a sign of love and passion. A kiss can bring lust and suffering, life and death. It can be an intimate moment or a sign of social debate. No matter how it is framed, a kiss leaves no one untouched.

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S P A C E F E M T E C H T H E A T G L A N C E A

FemTech

FR OM A N UNC OMFO RTA BL E SUBJE CT T O A 5 0 -BIL L IO N DO L L A R IN DU ST RY

Text: ELSE FEIKJE VAN DER BERG Illustrations: PHILIPA RABBIT A glance at the FEMTECH SPACE from its start in 2015 until today and an outlook on what’s next. SISTER-MAG.COM

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FemTech The invention of the pill in the 1960s helped pave the way towards social equality for men and women by giving women the ability to control child birth. With the birth of FEMTECH about 70 years later, we are witnessing the next big leap. FemTech is helping to more evenly distribute between partners what seemed to be the woman’s sole responsibility to reduce unwanted pregnancies. It has taken topics such as PMS, periods and cyclical irregularities out of the taboo zone. We are moving into a brave new world, where the biological reality of 49.5% of the population is seen as a topic that matters. Something that should be measured, understood and taught.

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The term FemTech was coined in 2015 by IDA TIN co-founder and CEO of CLUE , a fertility-tracker app. It’s defined as a category of software, diagnostics, products, and services that use technology often to focus on women's health (1) or more simply put: technology geared towards improving women’s lives .

The term stretches out over a wide range of products and problems to solve, including women’s sexual wellness, fertility solutions, period trackers, pelvic healthcare, pregnancy and nursing care, general female healthcare, period care goods and at-home fertility monitoring devices.

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F e m T e c h i s h e l p i n g t o m o r e e v e n ly d i s t r i b u t e b e t w e e n p a r t n e r s w h at s e e m e d to be the woman's sole responsibility to reduce unwanted pregnancies.

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SO WHY DID IT TAKE US SO LONG TO FINALLY START TALKING ABOUT TRUTHS

THESE FOR

UNDENIABLE HALF

THE

WORLD’S POPULATION?

Why this decades-long blackout on information and data about female health? Why the 70SISTER-MAG.COM

year gap between discovering hormonal birth control as a onesize-fits-all solution for female fertility (partially ignoring the effect that taking hormones can have on the female body and mind) and taking strides towards replacing hormonal birth control?

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»Female leadership in tech: small steps forward« In today’s tech space, innovation is driven by fastmoving start-ups which detect a problem – often a problem the founders are faced with themselves – and can offer a solution. According to the »WOMEN

IN

TECHNOLOGY

report by SilliconValleyBank, only 56% of start-ups in the US, the UK, China and Canada had at least one woman in an executive position. Forty per cent had at least one woman sitting on the board of directors. The report euphemistically calls these results “sobering”. Start-ups often find their financial backing LEADERSHIP 2019«

in venture capitalists: 92% of partners at the largest VCs in the USA are male . No wonder that female health – a topic considered to be either uncomfortable, already solved or “niche” – was not detected as a problem requiring a solution. Times they are changing (albeit slowly). With the ratio of female leaders in the tech world increasing bit by bit (for instance, in the US the ratio of women in the board of directors climbed from 30% to 38% over the past two years , problems only faced by women are slowly entering the main stage. THE SUCCESSES

OF

COMPANIES

ACTIVE IN THE FEMTECH SPACE HAVE INSPIRED LEADERS AND INVESTORS OF ALL SEXES TO FINALLY SEE THIS INDUSTRY FOR

WHAT

IT’S

WORTH.

Women are not a niche group; they are an audience willing to spend 29% more per capita on compared to their healthcare

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male counterparts. In 2018 over 400 million dollars were invested into FemTech companies , the market potential on a global level has been estimated to grow to a whopping 50 billion dollars by the year 2025 .

huge gap was left in scientific research. The lack of data on female health is an important problem which requires a solution, and FemTech can help. THROUGH CLEAR, HONEST DATA PRIVACY

POLICIES

FEMTECH CAN

»give and take«

,

COMPANIES

GO

BEYOND

EDUCATING

THEIR

USERS THEM

AND

HELPING

UNDERSTAND

THEIR BODIES BASED ON WHAT WE KNOW TODAY.

As for the second “why”, which is about data collection, the answer can be found on the FDA’s ban on women participating in drug testing, which was only lifted in 1993 . Though the reason for this ban – the protection of unborn fetuses – was certainly defendable, the FDA realized that by not investigating the impact of drugs on females, a

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It can actually extend knowledge by providing huge data-sets to scientific institutions. Clue currently works with the Max Planck Society, Colombia University and Stanford University to further research on many important topics , such as psychological changes around ovulation and pain patterns and disease prediction.

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THE KISS

»A new right to choose: Replacing hormonal birth control« But can FemTech replace hormonal birth control? Currently: Not really. Natural Cycles, an app which predicts women’s fertility largely based on the BBT method (Basal Body

Temperature Method) became the first FDAapproved birth control after investigations app into claims of unwanted pregnancies having been caused by the app were launched in Sweden and . The trick is the UK in the definitions. The FDA explains it’s approval by stating that no method of birth control is 100% failsafe. Natural Cycles that their app is claims 93% effective under »typical

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use« and 99% effective under »perfect use«. The app can be as safe as hormonal birth control for a subset of women who have regular cycles and who use the app »perfectly«: measuring

measuring their body temperature every day at the same time, adding all relevant datapoints

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their body temperature every day at the same time, adding all relevant datapoints and abstaining from vaginal intercourse or using condoms during »red days«. We are only at the starting point, however. We are talking about a space that was only deemed worthy of its own name since 2015. FemTech start-ups managed to raise 1.1 billion dollars between 2014 and 2017 , the industry is estimated to grow to 50 billion dollars by 2025. We ain’t seen nothing yet in terms of innovation.

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THE KISS

The app can be as safe as hormonal birth control for a subset of women who have regular cycles and who use the app »perfectly«.

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p u t r sta t h g i spotl

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THE KISS

p u t r a st t h g i l t o sp

WWW.NATURALCYCLES.COM

NATURAL CYCLES

INDUSTRY FEMTECH HEADQUARTERS STOCKHOLM FOUNDERS DR. ELINA BERGLUND DR. RAOUL SCHERWITZL NATURALCYCLES NATURALCYCLESNC NATURALCYCLES

fertility based on basal body temperature and period data.

EXPLAIN IN YOUR OWN WORDS THE IDEA BEHIND NATUR AL CYCLES? WHAT E X AC TLY I S N AT UR A L CYCLES?

Natural Cycles is an effective, natural method of contraception that is delivered in the form of an app. It uses an intelligent algorithm that is sensitive to subtle patterns in a woman’s cycle to determine daily

To use Natural Cycles, women measure their temperature first thing in the morning with a basal thermometer and enter the data into the app. The algorithm uses this information to predict the fertile window and gives »green« days, when no protection

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p u t r sta t h g i l spot

is needed or »red« days, when women should use condoms or abstain from sex to prevent a pregnancy. HOW AND WHEN DID THE IDE A OF NATUR AL CYCLES COME ABOUT?

The idea was first conceived when we started to think about having a family. I knew that I wanted to get pregnant in a year or two. Therefore, I stopped using hormonal

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contraception to give my body a chance to get back to normal first. I started analysing my own temperature and applying my statistical knowledge from particle physics to detect ovulation and map out my fertile days. In 2013 we finally founded Natural Cycles. WHAT IS THE VISION OF NATUR AL CYCLES?

Natural Cycles’ mission is to pioneer women’s health with research and passion, by empowering every woman with the knowledge that she needs to be in charge of her health.


THE KISS

WHO FOUNDED NATUR AL CYCLES? WHAT DID THE FOUNDERS DO BEFORE THAT?

OF HOW MANY PEOPLE IS THE TEAM COMPRISED TODAY?

I was a former member of the European Organisation for Nuclear Research (CERN) and part of the team that discovered the Higgs Boson particle – one of the most significant discoveries in particle physics, which went on to win a Nobel Prize. My husband Raoul also has a background in particle physics and had always aspired to be an entrepreneur, using his knowledge of physics to make an impact in society.

We work with a wonderful team of 60 talented people in our offices in Europe and the US. HOW IS N ATUR A L CYCLE S FINANCED? HOW DOES N ATUR A L CYCLE S E A RN MONEY?

We have great investors on board, who are known for their long-term, consumer- oriented way of thinking, and who trust us.

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p u t r sta t h g i l spot

In addition, we deliberately opted for a paid and therefore ad-free subscription model in which our users can choose between different subscriptions. This was particularly important in terms of data protection because this is our top priority. FOR W HOM IS N ATUR A L CYCLES THE RIGHT FORM OF CONTRACEPTION? WHO ARE YOUR CUSTOMERS, WHERE DO THEY COME FROM AND HOW DO THEY FIND YOU?

common is that they are all looking for an effective natural method of contraception. Using Natural Cycles does require a level of commitment. The woman must be willing

Our users are 30-years-old on average and mostly in a relationship. Some of them have children, others would like to have a family in the near future. What they have in

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to use protection or abstain from sex on red days and have a lifestyle that enables her to take her temperature first thing most mornings.

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THE KISS

WHAT ARE YOUR GOAL S FOR THE NEXT FIVE YEARS?

We want to empower women to make informed decisions and take control of their fertility by learning about their unique cycles – no matter if they would like to prevent or plan a pregnancy. Our long-term goal is to improve the understanding of women’s health more generally.

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D A V I E S O L I M P I A B Y

RE CIPE S

aphrodisiac food

Photos & Recipes: O L I M P I A DAV I E S SISTER-MAG.COM

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THE KISS

FOCA

CC IA

with yoghurt, figs and peach

TOAS

TS

with figs and tomatoes L E M O N TA R T

with

189

s e i r r e figs and strawb

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THE KISS

FoCAccia with figs and tomatoes

FOR 1 FOCACCIA

INGREDIENTS 250 G strong bread flour ½ tsp caster sugar 1 tsp sea salt 7G

dried yeast

30 ML extra-virgin olive oil, plus extra

STEP 1 Preheat the oven to 180 C with a baking stone or a baking sheet.

for greasing

STEP 2

150 ML lukewarm water 5

fresh figs, sliced

10

mini tomatoes, halved

1

red onion, sliced

10

red grapes, halved

10

leaves fresh sage

salt and pepper

In a large bowl, sprinkle the yeast and sugar over the water. Leave for 5 minutes until foamy. Add the flour, salt and olive oil and mix until it all comes together. Transfer the dough onto a light floured surface and knead until smooth and elastic.

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STEP 3 Shape into a ball and put into a lightly oiled bowl and cover. Leave to rise in a warm place until it has doubled in size.

STEP 4 Turn the risen dough out onto a light floured surface and knead for 3 minutes, form into a ball then roll out into 1 cm thick oval, leave to rest for 10 minutes.

STEP 5 Top the dough with figs, tomatoes, onion, grapes and sage. Sprinkle with salt and pepper and drizzle with extra olive oil. Put into the oven and bake for 30 minutes.

RECIPE DOWNLOAD

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THE KISS

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lemon Tart

with figs and strawberries

INGREDIENTS 200 G

butter, softened

75 G

icing sugar

a pinch of salt

1

large egg, lightly beaten 2 tbsp

double cream

250 G

plain all-purpose flour

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STEP 1 In a stand mixer beat together the butter, sugar and salt until light about 5 minutes. With the whisk running add the egg and cream, mix until fully incorporated. Gradually, gently mix in the flour, do not over-work the dough because the pastry will be tough rather than crisp and light.

STEP 2 Turn the dough out onto light floured surface and with your hand bring the dough together into a ball, wrap in a foil and refrigerate for 2 hours.

STEP 3 Preheat the oven to 180 C. Grease and lightly dust with flour a 20 cm tart pan.

STEP 4 Chilled pastry put on a lightly floured surface and using a rolling pin, roll it out to a 23 cm circle. Gently wrap the dough around the rolling pin and transfer to the tart pan. Press lightly to the bottom and the sides of the pan, cut off any excess of the dough. Lay a sheet of greaseproof paper over the pan and fill it with baking beans or rice.

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Place the pan on a baking sheet and bake for 15 minutes. After that time lower the oven temperature to 160 C, remove the paper with the beans from the tart and bake for another 10 minutes. Remove from the oven and lower the temperature of the oven again to 130 C. Prepare the tart filling.

FILLING

STEP 1 FILLING INREDIENTS 5

l ar g e e g g s

250 G sugar

In a large bowl combine the eggs, sugar and vanilla extract, whisk in the lemon juice and zest. Stir in the cream and whisk until just combined. Pour the mixture into a pitcher.

1 t sp va n i l l a e x t r a c t

Jui c e a n d g r at ed ze s t o f 3 l a r ge l e m o n s 1 7 5 M L do ub l e c re am

STEP 2 Put the tart pan back into the oven and slowly pour the filling into the tart case. Bake for 40 minutes until it just starts to set in the centre but should still be a bit wobbly.

STEP 3

F O R D E C O R AT I O N 4

f re sh fi g s

5

f re sh s t r a w b erries Mi n t l e a ve s

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Cool completely and remove from the pan. Decorate with figs and strawberries and keep in the fridge

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RECIPE DOWNLOAD

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Toasts

with yoghurt, figs and peach STEP 1 INGREDIENTS 4 sl i c e s o f b read 200 G g re e k- s t y l e yo ghur t

Toast the bread in a toaster. Mix the yoghurt with the honey and spread it on top of each slice of toast.

STEP 2

1 tbsp h o n e y 2 p e a c h e s , p e eled and

sl i c e d 4

f i g s, sl i c e d

Top with slices of peach and figs. Drizzle with more honey and sprinkle with roasted pecans.

Pe c a n s , ro asted Ex t r a h o n e y

RECIPE DOWNLOAD

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come from Nature

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T H E

s ing th d All goo

200

P O W E R

O F

M E D I C I N A L

Nature

A L L GO O D T H IN GS CO ME FRO M

P L A N T S


THE KISS

Text & Photos CONFITURE DE VIVRE

On the wall of the house, facing south, hung large tufts of peppermint. It slinked into the kitchen through the cool, dark hallway. It smelled strongly of herbaceous tea, and there was always a pot on the old oven. My great-grandmother was a simple country woman who grew up in Silesia and was expelled and stranded as a poor beggar in Thuringia. She made it her task as a community nurse to help others – she had a home remedy for every ailment, no matter how big or small. I remember homemade Swedish herbs, for both internal and external use. On skin they helped with aging spots, and drinking their tea balanced the digestive system. I always considered the ginseng root like an old garden gnome; she swore by the extract. It is futile

201

to speculate about the many reasons why we have neglected our contact with nature, why knowledge of the natural world has been mostly lost, and why so many rely on the promises of the pharmaceutical industry. Don't worry: this is no missionary work, nor is it a protest. My own experience of severe illness has made me humble and grateful for the progress and power of conventional medicine while at the same time appreciating the healing powers of nature. Complementary medicine, aromatherapy and therapysupporting herbs worked for me. That does not mean it works for everyone. Nevertheless, our modern societies seem designed to act only when the balance is no longer right.

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o d e w can So what

to be in balance, to be one with our b o d y, m i n d a n d s o u l ?

The forces of nature, bundled together in medicinal plants, can offer many benefits. Old wisdom, often proven over several millennia, may find its way back into our everyday lives, lives that are more connection with nature and its riches. Our bodies often tell us what we need – we just have to re-learn to listen. Naturopathy and the effects of plants lend their support. At the same time we learn to recognize symptoms and to treat ourselves with care. The following text does not claim to be complete, does not substitute a visit to a doctor or therapist, and does not compete with conventional medicine and research results. The recipes for balsam, tea, diets and the like should encourage you to discover the powers of herbs and medicinal plants. Not to mention, there is joy SISTER-MAG.COM

to be felt in producing a soothing balsam to give to others and to develop a feeling for what one's own self needs. Harnessing the power of medicinal plants goes beyond just assuming that Âťif I ingest herbs anyway, it will yield the following resultsÂŤ. Rather, occupying oneself with the subject is a first step towards a holistic path. A deeper discussion leads to changes in other areas of life, such as nutrition, exercise, fostering healthy relationships, improving work and connecting with fellow humans and oneself. Thus personal growth, the integrated perspective of body, mind and soul, and self-healing mechanisms are welcome side effects of this occupation. The most beautiful thing is to be one with yourself and your body.

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y et f Sfai r s t

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The fo llowin are a g tips helpfu l star t

In general, there is nothing to worry about when you set out to discover medicinal plants. The most important thing is to listen to your body. Most medicinal plants are generally safe and have fewer side effects than traditional medicine. Of course, there are plants that are intolerable for some, even poisonous and deadly. As is often the case, this is due to improper dosage. Many plants are available in low doses or heavily diluted.

1

Get accurate information Consulting several sources, talking to specialists and studying research results and user experience is a good first step.

2

Test and study

It is therefore recommended to be well-informed, especially if you are on your own in the fields and meadows, and to not consume anything that you are unfamiliar with. It is best to seek advice from herbalists, pharmacists, alternative medicine practitioners, etc.

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Besides studying plants, it is essential to listen to your body when trying herbs, at first in small doses. Not every herb is suitable for everyone. If there are mild side effects, the dose may have been too high. Touching the herb and trying it several times often helps.


THE KISS

3

K n o w e x a c t ly w h at you're gathering If you're out and about in meadows and fields, you should learn a little about plants. There are also very precise plant identification apps. They should contain information on the size, shape, colour and structure of leaves. Apart from the fact that it usually makes sense to harvest the flowers, they also serve as a reliable means of identification. Start with small plants that are very safe to use, such as dandelions or marigolds, and offer plenty of applications.

4

Be aware of drug interactions Of course, there is no 100% certainty, but there is relatively little evidence of very strong interactions between plants and pharmaceutical medicine. Usually there is a medicinal herb that can be used as an alternative. Some interactions are known and can be learned from experts or are disclosed in the plant descriptions.

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st ve ar H buy and store yourself

It is a great pleasure to open yourself up to collecting and processing herbs. A good wicker basket and gardening scissors are a minimal i n v e s t m e n t.

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THE KISS

To give plants an opportunity to keep growing, do not harvest more than 10%.

In some places collecting may be forbidden, so informing yourself beforehand is the way to go. Guided herbal walks are great for learning and exchanging knowledge. Fresh herbs or plants in pots are another way of getting food. It is important to pay attention to sustainable cultivation and to buy plants exclusively in organic quality. If you buy plants and then move them around in your own garden or on the balcony, the same applies: only take plants that look healthy and inform yourself about optimal growing conditions. It is often recommended to consume dried plants. This makes it much easier to obtain them. Well stocked pharmacies and naturopathy shops offer not only products, but

also consultation. If you order online, pay attention to the origin of the plants and recognize seals of approval from trusted sources. If you are uncertain, ask the shop owner about quality standards, that plants are not contaminated with pollutants and clarify identity and origin. Of course, nowadays there are plenty of suppliers from whom finished products such as tinctures, oils and balsams can be purchased. This is a good alternative when you are just starting to immerse yourself in medicinal plants. Here, too, attention should be paid to ingredients, quality and reliable origin. Some providers even offer online courses on medicinal herbs.

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SISTERMAG 49 | 06 / 2019


ay for all m s A making tinctures and extracts with alcohol

U t e n s i l s Sharp knives and scissors to harvest and cut medicinal plants Brown glass bottles and jars are reusable and also protect the products from sunlight Preserving jars for the extraction process and to store dried herbs Bar measure and scale to accurately measure all ingredients Stainless steel sieve to sift herbs after extraction Pots and bowls for heating liquids Notebook to document steps and recipes

Vodka (40-50% by volume) is a s a h d n a ts n la p st o m r fo le suitab neutral taste. The relatively low percentage of e. it b ss le re u ct n ti e th es v gi ol alcoh e m u ol v y b ol oh lc a % 5 7 h it w s Spirit r fo le b a it su y rl la u ic rt a p re a ) V (AB le b lu so rte a w ss le e v a h h ic h w s re tinctu er h ot d n a ic er rm tu e k li s, ce n a subst y er v is V B A er h ig H . ts n la p l a in medic cy a rm a h p d od e Th . in ta ob to lt difficu h it w u yo ly p p su to le b a e b t h mig something above 90% ABV.

Labels to identify content and dates Small pan to roast seeds Funnel for filling Mortar to finely grind seeds


THE KISS

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Alcohol is the base ingredient for the recipes presented here and for the production of tinctures and extracts in general. Apple cider vinegar is also a solvent that dissolves the ingredients from the plants, though it is not as potent as alcohol. Furthermore, alcohol helps keep the quality of plant substances stable over a longer period of time.

For fresh herbs 30 g herbs for 60 ml alcohol, so a 1:2 ratio

The following procedure applies for the production of almost all tinctures

For fresh herbs

1. Cut the herbs or chop them coarsely and place them into a glass. Compress until full

Herbs to alcohol ratio of 1:5

2. Fill with alcohol until all is covered. Close the glass. Fill with alcohol the next day, if necessary, when some of the liquid has decreased.

3. Leave in a dark place for about

1. Cut the herbs or roots or grind them in a mortar. Pour into a glass and fill with alcohol.

2. Leave in a dark place for about 4

4 weeks. Shake daily.

weeks. Shake daily.

4. Pass through a sieve or fine

3. Pass through a sieve or fine cloth

cloth and wring out well. Store in a brown glass container.

and wring out well. Keep in a brown glass container.

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SISTERMAG 49 | 06 / 2019


PARTNER

2019

MAI

s i st e rMAG i s pu bl i s h e d monthly! READ NOW 

ALEX Sales

MARKETING & ADMIN

W H AT H A P P E N E D SO FAR »A YEAR OF ART« – That's what we

called 2019 for our sisterMAG issues. In January, it started with an impressionist painting by the French painter GUSTAVE CAILLEBOTTE followed by a colorful and abstract screenprint by ABEL MARTÍN. In March, the famous »Thinker« of the sculptor AUGUSTE RODIN was the inspiration for the magazine, in April GIOVANNA GARZONI'S »Vase of flowers with two shells«. How will this year continue? With many great artworks by KLIMT, BOTTICELLI AND RICHTER. We can't wait to hear your thoughts!

TONI Marketing & Finance

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MEDEA Administration

SISTER-MAG.COM

210


THE KISS

OPERATIONS

THEA Chief Editor & Design

LAURA Content Management

FRANZISKA Content Management

CREATION

SOPHIE Content Management

CHRISTINA Content Management

THERESA Content Management

SOPHIA

EVI Fashion

MARIE Design & Creation

ILARIA Design

LALE

Content Management

Video & Design

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SISTERMAG 49 | 06 / 2019


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SISTERMAG – JOURNAL FOR THE DIGITAL LADY www.sister-mag.com Chief Editor

Theresa Neubauer

Operations

Theresa Baier, Laura Frenzel, Carolin Kralapp, Medea Moir, Christina Rücker, Sophie Siekmann, Sophia Werner, Franziska Winterling,

Fashion

Eva-Maria Neubauer (Fashion Dir.)

Design 

Theresa Neubauer (Art Dir.), Marie Darme, Lale Tütüncübaşı, Songie Yoon, Ilaria Trombí

Contributing Editors (Text) 

Else Feikje van der Berg, Marlen Gruner, Martina Klaric, Alex Kords, Julia Laukert, Dr. Michael Neubauer, Jake Pietras, Julia Schattauer, Elisabeth Stursberg, sisterMAG Team

Contributing Editors (Photo & Video) Cris Santos, Francisco Jauregui, Howreggee Nataliya, sisterMAG Team Translation Proof

Alex Kords, Ira Häussler Christian Näthler, Elisabeth Stursberg, sisterMAG Alex Kords, Ira Häussler, Christian Naethler, Amie McCracken, Dr. Michael Neubauer, Judith Remke, sisterMAG Team

Published by Carry-On Publishing GmbH, Gustav-Meyer-Allee 25, 13355 Berlin, Germany. Re-use of content is only allowed with written permission of the publisher. There is no liability for unsolicited manuscripts and photographs. The Carry-On Publishing GmbH assumes no liability or guarantee for the accuracy, currency and completeness of the information provided. All information is provided without warranty. Contakt: mail@sister-mag.com Management Sales Marketing

Antonia Sutter, Theresa Neubauer, Alex Sutter Alex Sutter (Sales Dir.) Antonia Sutter (Marketing Dir.)


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